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Overview
Comment:Import the latest 3.7.16 beta from upstream.
Timelines: family | ancestors | descendants | both | trunk
Files: files | file ages | folders
SHA1:a026475c38e768197025a77400173dd0034f361e
User & Date: drh 2013-03-12 16:31:16
Context
2013-03-13
01:51
Update the built-in SQLite to include the fixes to ORDER BY and IN that where discovered by the previous import. check-in: 9d717e74e7 user: drh tags: trunk
2013-03-12
16:31
Import the latest 3.7.16 beta from upstream. check-in: a026475c38 user: drh tags: trunk
2012-12-11
00:58
Update the SQLite core from upstream. This update includes the COLLATE expression refactor and other minor fixes. check-in: 99340f5906 user: drh tags: trunk
Changes
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71894








71895
71896
71897
71898
71899
71900
71901
.....
72634
72635
72636
72637
72638
72639
72640





























72641
72642
72643
72644
72645
72646
72647
.....
72689
72690
72691
72692
72693
72694
72695














72696
72697
72698
72699
72700
72701
72702
72703
72704
72705
72706
72707
72708
72709
72710
72711

72712
72713
72714
72715
72716

72717
72718




72719
72720
72721

72722
72723





72724
72725
72726
72727
72728
72729
72730
72731
72732
72733
72734
72735
72736
72737
72738
72739
72740
72741
72742
72743
72744
72745
72746
72747
72748
72749
72750
72751
72752




72753

72754
72755
72756
72757
72758
72759
72760
.....
73081
73082
73083
73084
73085
73086
73087
73088
73089
73090
73091
73092
73093
73094
73095
.....
73517
73518
73519
73520
73521
73522
73523
73524
73525
73526
73527
73528
73529
73530
73531
73532
73533
73534
73535
73536
73537
73538
73539
73540
73541
73542
73543
73544
73545
73546
73547
.....
73560
73561
73562
73563
73564
73565
73566

















73567
73568
73569
73570
73571
73572
73573
.....
74401
74402
74403
74404
74405
74406
74407
74408
74409
74410
74411
74412
74413
74414
74415
.....
76698
76699
76700
76701
76702
76703
76704

76705
76706
76707
76708
76709
76710
76711
76712
.....
77044
77045
77046
77047
77048
77049
77050






77051
77052
77053
77054
77055
77056
77057
.....
79251
79252
79253
79254
79255
79256
79257
79258
79259
79260
79261
79262
79263
79264
79265
.....
79661
79662
79663
79664
79665
79666
79667
79668
79669
79670
79671
79672
79673
79674
79675
.....
83163
83164
83165
83166
83167
83168
83169
83170
83171
83172
83173
83174
83175
83176
83177
83178
.....
83190
83191
83192
83193
83194
83195
83196
83197
83198
83199
83200
83201
83202
83203
83204
83205
.....
83310
83311
83312
83313
83314
83315
83316
83317
83318
83319
83320
83321
83322
83323
83324
.....
84408
84409
84410
84411
84412
84413
84414
84415






84416

84417
84418
84419
84420
84421
84422
84423
84424
84425
84426
84427
.....
85158
85159
85160
85161
85162
85163
85164
85165

85166
85167
85168
85169
85170
85171
85172
85173

85174
85175
85176
85177

85178
85179
85180
85181
85182

85183
85184
85185
85186
85187
85188
85189
85190
85191
85192
85193
85194
85195
.....
86681
86682
86683
86684
86685
86686
86687
























































86688
86689
86690
86691
86692
86693
86694
.....
87309
87310
87311
87312
87313
87314
87315


87316
87317
87318
87319
87320
87321
87322
.....
87400
87401
87402
87403
87404
87405
87406
87407

87408
87409
87410
87411
87412
87413
87414
87415
.....
87465
87466
87467
87468
87469
87470
87471
87472

87473
87474
87475
87476
87477
87478
87479
.....
87521
87522
87523
87524
87525
87526
87527
87528
87529
87530
87531
87532
87533
87534
87535
.....
87557
87558
87559
87560
87561
87562
87563
87564
87565
87566
87567
87568
87569
87570
87571
.....
87654
87655
87656
87657
87658
87659
87660
87661


87662
87663
87664
87665
87666
87667
87668
.....
87803
87804
87805
87806
87807
87808
87809
87810
87811
87812
87813
87814
87815
87816
87817
87818
.....
88044
88045
88046
88047
88048
88049
88050
88051
88052
88053
88054
88055
88056
88057
88058
88059
.....
88115
88116
88117
88118
88119
88120
88121
88122
88123
88124
88125
88126
88127
88128
88129
.....
88195
88196
88197
88198
88199
88200
88201
88202
88203
88204
88205
88206
88207
88208
88209
.....
88250
88251
88252
88253
88254
88255
88256
88257
88258
88259
88260
88261
88262
88263
88264
.....
88376
88377
88378
88379
88380
88381
88382
88383
88384
88385
88386
88387
88388
88389
88390
.....
89849
89850
89851
89852
89853
89854
89855
89856
89857
89858
89859
89860
89861
89862
89863
.....
89889
89890
89891
89892
89893
89894
89895

89896
89897
89898
89899
89900
89901
89902
89903
.....
89920
89921
89922
89923
89924
89925
89926
89927
89928
89929
89930
89931
89932
89933
89934
89935
.....
90048
90049
90050
90051
90052
90053
90054
90055

90056
90057
90058
90059
90060
90061
90062
.....
90456
90457
90458
90459
90460
90461
90462
90463
90464
90465
90466
90467
90468
90469
90470
90471
.....
90914
90915
90916
90917
90918
90919
90920














90921
90922
90923
90924
90925
90926
90927
.....
91117
91118
91119
91120
91121
91122
91123














91124
91125
91126
91127
91128
91129
91130
.....
91486
91487
91488
91489
91490
91491
91492













91493
91494
91495
91496
91497
91498
91499
.....
91952
91953
91954
91955
91956
91957
91958



91959
91960
91961
91962
91963
91964
91965
.....
92716
92717
92718
92719
92720
92721
92722
92723
92724
92725


92726
92727

92728
92729
92730
92731
92732
92733
92734
.....
92743
92744
92745
92746
92747
92748
92749







92750
92751
92752
92753
92754
92755
92756
92757
92758
.....
92760
92761
92762
92763
92764
92765
92766

92767
92768
92769
92770
92771
92772
92773
.....
92786
92787
92788
92789
92790
92791
92792

92793
92794
92795
92796
92797
92798
92799
.....
92849
92850
92851
92852
92853
92854
92855

92856
92857
92858
92859
92860
92861
92862
.....
92882
92883
92884
92885
92886
92887
92888




















































































































92889
92890
92891
92892
92893
92894
92895
.....
93379
93380
93381
93382
93383
93384
93385
93386
93387
93388
93389
93390
93391
93392
93393
.....
93676
93677
93678
93679
93680
93681
93682

93683
93684
93685
93686
93687



93688
93689
93690
93691
93692
93693
93694
.....
94338
94339
94340
94341
94342
94343
94344
94345
94346
94347
94348
94349
94350
94351
94352
.....
94362
94363
94364
94365
94366
94367
94368
94369
94370
94371
94372
94373
94374
94375
94376
.....
95619
95620
95621
95622
95623
95624
95625
95626
95627
95628
95629
95630
95631
95632
95633
95634
.....
95658
95659
95660
95661
95662
95663
95664



95665
95666
95667
95668
95669
95670
95671
.....
95989
95990
95991
95992
95993
95994
95995


95996
95997
95998
95999
96000
96001
96002
.....
96646
96647
96648
96649
96650
96651
96652
96653

96654
96655
96656
96657
96658
96659
96660
.....
96828
96829
96830
96831
96832
96833
96834
96835
96836
96837
96838
96839
96840
96841
96842
96843
96844
96845
96846
96847
.....
97245
97246
97247
97248
97249
97250
97251

97252
97253
97254
97255
97256

97257

97258
97259
97260
97261
97262
97263
97264
.....
97443
97444
97445
97446
97447
97448
97449
97450
97451
97452
97453
97454
97455
97456
97457
97458
97459
97460
97461
97462
97463
97464
97465
97466
97467
97468
97469
97470
97471
97472
97473
97474
97475
97476
97477









97478
97479
97480
97481
97482
97483
97484
.....
97565
97566
97567
97568
97569
97570
97571


97572

97573
97574
97575
97576
97577
97578
97579
97580
97581
97582
97583
97584
97585
97586
.....
97615
97616
97617
97618
97619
97620
97621






97622
97623
97624
97625
97626
97627
97628
.....
97650
97651
97652
97653
97654
97655
97656
97657
97658
97659
97660
97661
97662
97663
97664
.....
97668
97669
97670
97671
97672
97673
97674







97675
97676

97677
97678
97679
97680
97681
97682
97683
97684
97685
.....
97686
97687
97688
97689
97690
97691
97692
97693
97694
97695
97696
97697
97698
97699
97700
97701
97702

97703


97704
97705
97706
97707


97708
97709
97710
97711



97712
97713
97714
97715
97716
97717







97718
97719
97720
97721
97722
97723
97724
97725
97726

97727
97728
97729
97730
97731
97732
97733
.....
97742
97743
97744
97745
97746
97747
97748




97749
97750
97751
97752
97753
97754
97755
97756
97757
97758
97759












97760
97761
97762
97763
97764
97765
97766
.....
97891
97892
97893
97894
97895
97896
97897

97898
97899
97900
97901
97902
97903
97904
.....
98810
98811
98812
98813
98814
98815
98816





98817



98818
98819
98820
98821
98822
98823
98824
98825
98826
98827
98828
.....
98970
98971
98972
98973
98974
98975
98976
98977



98978
98979
98980
98981
98982
98983
98984
......
102547
102548
102549
102550
102551
102552
102553
102554
102555
102556
102557
102558
102559
102560
102561
102562
......
102589
102590
102591
102592
102593
102594
102595
102596
102597
102598
102599
102600
102601
102602
102603
......
102676
102677
102678
102679
102680
102681
102682

102683
102684
102685
102686
102687
102688
102689
......
102702
102703
102704
102705
102706
102707
102708
102709
102710
102711
102712
102713
102714
102715
102716
......
102765
102766
102767
102768
102769
102770
102771
102772
102773
102774
102775
102776
102777
102778
102779
......
102852
102853
102854
102855
102856
102857
102858
102859
102860
102861
102862
102863
102864
102865
102866
......
103078
103079
103080
103081
103082
103083
103084

















103085
103086
103087
103088
103089
103090
103091
103092
103093
103094
103095









103096
103097



103098
103099
103100
103101
103102


103103
103104
103105
103106

103107
103108
103109
103110
103111


103112
103113

103114

103115
103116
103117
103118
103119
103120
103121
103122
103123
103124
103125
103126

103127


103128



103129
103130







103131














103132
103133
103134
103135
103136
103137
103138
103139
......
103311
103312
103313
103314
103315
103316
103317
103318
103319
103320
103321
103322
103323
103324
103325
......
103399
103400
103401
103402
103403
103404
103405
103406
103407
103408
103409
103410
103411
103412
103413
103414
103415
103416
103417
......
103442
103443
103444
103445
103446
103447
103448
103449
103450
103451
103452
103453
103454
103455
103456
......
103493
103494
103495
103496
103497
103498
103499
103500
103501
103502
103503
103504
103505
103506
103507
......
103519
103520
103521
103522
103523
103524
103525
103526
103527
103528
103529
103530
103531
103532
103533
103534
103535
103536
103537
103538
103539
103540
103541
103542
103543
......
103565
103566
103567
103568
103569
103570
103571
103572
103573
103574
103575
103576
103577
103578
103579
......
103594
103595
103596
103597
103598
103599
103600
103601
103602
103603
103604
103605
103606
103607
103608
......
103637
103638
103639
103640
103641
103642
103643
103644

103645
103646
103647
103648
103649
103650
103651
......
103663
103664
103665
103666
103667
103668
103669
103670
103671
103672

103673
103674
103675
103676
103677
103678
103679
103680

103681
103682
103683
103684
103685
103686
103687
......
103688
103689
103690
103691
103692
103693
103694







103695
103696
103697
103698
103699
103700
103701
103702
103703
103704
103705
103706
103707
103708
103709
103710
103711
103712
103713
......
104158
104159
104160
104161
104162
104163
104164
104165
104166
104167
104168
104169
104170
104171
104172
......
104179
104180
104181
104182
104183
104184
104185
104186
104187
104188
104189
104190
104191
104192
104193
......
104240
104241
104242
104243
104244
104245
104246
104247
104248
104249
104250
104251
104252
104253
104254
......
104502
104503
104504
104505
104506
104507
104508
104509
104510
104511
104512
104513
104514
104515
104516
104517
104518
104519
......
104553
104554
104555
104556
104557
104558
104559

104560
104561

104562
104563
104564
104565
104566
104567
104568


104569
104570
104571
104572
104573
104574
104575
104576
104577
104578
104579
104580
104581
104582
104583
104584
104585
......
104655
104656
104657
104658
104659
104660
104661
104662
104663


104664
104665
104666
104667
104668
104669
104670
......
104691
104692
104693
104694
104695
104696
104697











104698
104699
104700
104701
104702
104703
104704
104705
104706
104707
104708
104709
104710
104711
104712
104713
104714
104715
104716
104717
104718
104719
104720
104721
104722
104723





104724

104725
104726
104727
104728
104729
104730
104731
104732
104733
104734
104735
104736
104737
104738
104739
104740
104741
104742
104743

104744
104745
104746


104747







104748




104749
104750






104751
104752
104753
104754
104755
104756
104757
......
104767
104768
104769
104770
104771
104772
104773

104774
104775
104776
104777
104778
104779
104780
104781
......
105038
105039
105040
105041
105042
105043
105044
105045
105046
105047
105048
105049
105050
105051
105052
105053
105054
105055
105056
105057
105058
105059
105060
105061
105062
105063
105064
105065
105066
105067
105068
105069
......
105363
105364
105365
105366
105367
105368
105369
105370
105371
105372
105373
105374
105375
105376
105377
105378
105379
105380
105381
105382
......
105671
105672
105673
105674
105675
105676
105677
105678
105679
105680
105681
105682
105683
105684
105685
105686
......
105718
105719
105720
105721
105722
105723
105724
105725
105726
105727
105728
105729
105730
105731
105732
......
105781
105782
105783
105784
105785
105786
105787
105788
105789

105790
105791
105792
105793
105794
105795
105796
105797
105798
105799
105800
......
105933
105934
105935
105936
105937
105938
105939
105940
105941
105942
105943
105944
105945
105946
105947
......
105985
105986
105987
105988
105989
105990
105991
105992
105993

105994
105995
105996
105997
105998
105999
106000
......
106011
106012
106013
106014
106015
106016
106017

106018
106019
106020
106021
106022
106023
106024
106025
......
106135
106136
106137
106138
106139
106140
106141

106142
106143
106144
106145
106146
106147
106148
106149
106150
106151
106152
106153
106154
......
106158
106159
106160
106161
106162
106163
106164

106165
106166
106167
106168
106169
106170
106171
......
106512
106513
106514
106515
106516
106517
106518

106519
106520
106521
106522
106523
106524
106525
106526
106527

106528
106529
106530

106531




106532

106533
106534
106535
106536
106537
106538
106539
106540
106541
106542
106543
106544
106545
106546
106547
......
106560
106561
106562
106563
106564
106565
106566
106567
106568
106569
106570
106571
106572
106573

106574
106575
106576
106577
106578
106579
106580
......
106951
106952
106953
106954
106955
106956
106957
106958
106959
106960
106961
106962
106963
106964
106965
......
107024
107025
107026
107027
107028
107029
107030
107031
107032
107033
107034
107035
107036
107037
107038
......
107402
107403
107404
107405
107406
107407
107408
107409
107410
107411
107412
107413
107414
107415
107416
107417
107418
107419
107420
107421
107422
107423
107424
107425
107426
107427
107428
107429
107430
107431
107432
107433
......
107479
107480
107481
107482
107483
107484
107485

107486
107487
107488
107489
107490
107491
107492
......
107513
107514
107515
107516
107517
107518
107519
107520
107521
107522
107523
107524
107525
107526
107527
107528
107529
107530
......
107531
107532
107533
107534
107535
107536
107537
107538
107539
107540
107541
107542
107543


107544
107545
107546
107547






















107548
107549
107550
107551
107552
107553
107554
......
107570
107571
107572
107573
107574
107575
107576
107577
107578
107579
107580
107581
107582
107583
107584
107585
......
107616
107617
107618
107619
107620
107621
107622
107623





107624
107625
107626
107627




107628
107629
107630
107631
107632
107633
107634
......
107872
107873
107874
107875
107876
107877
107878
107879
107880
107881
107882
107883
107884
107885
107886
......
108180
108181
108182
108183
108184
108185
108186

108187
108188
108189
108190
108191
108192
108193
......
110130
110131
110132
110133
110134
110135
110136
110137
110138
110139
110140
110141
110142
110143
110144
110145
110146
110147
110148
110149
110150
110151
110152
110153
110154
110155
......
110381
110382
110383
110384
110385
110386
110387
110388
110389







110390
110391
110392
110393
110394
110395
110396
......
110452
110453
110454
110455
110456
110457
110458










110459
110460
110461
110462
110463
110464
110465
110466
110467
110468
110469
......
110688
110689
110690
110691
110692
110693
110694
110695
110696
110697
110698
110699
110700
110701
110702
......
113623
113624
113625
113626
113627
113628
113629
113630
113631
113632
113633
113634
113635
113636
113637
......
136335
136336
136337
136338
136339
136340
136341
136342

136343
136344
136345
136346
136347
136348
136349
136350
136351
136352
136353
136354


136355
136356
136357
136358
136359
136360
136361



136362
136363
136364
136365
136366
136367
136368
......
136418
136419
136420
136421
136422
136423
136424
136425
136426
136427
136428
136429
136430
136431
136432
/******************************************************************************
** This file is an amalgamation of many separate C source files from SQLite
** version 3.7.15.  By combining all the individual C code files into this 
** single large file, the entire code can be compiled as a single translation
** unit.  This allows many compilers to do optimizations that would not be
** possible if the files were compiled separately.  Performance improvements
** of 5% or more are commonly seen when SQLite is compiled as a single
** translation unit.
**
** This file is all you need to compile SQLite.  To use SQLite in other
................................................................................
#endif

/* Needed for various definitions... */
#ifndef _GNU_SOURCE
# define _GNU_SOURCE
#endif





/*
** Include standard header files as necessary
*/
#ifdef HAVE_STDINT_H
#include <stdint.h>
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_INTTYPES_H
................................................................................
** Later we learn that _XOPEN_SOURCE is poorly or incorrectly
** implemented on some systems.  So we avoid defining it at all
** if it is already defined or if it is unneeded because we are
** not doing a threadsafe build.  Ticket #2681.
**
** See also ticket #2741.
*/
#if !defined(_XOPEN_SOURCE) && !defined(__DARWIN__) && !defined(__APPLE__) && SQLITE_THREADSAFE

#  define _XOPEN_SOURCE 500  /* Needed to enable pthread recursive mutexes */
#endif

/*
** The TCL headers are only needed when compiling the TCL bindings.
*/
#if defined(SQLITE_TCL) || defined(TCLSH)
................................................................................
** string contains the date and time of the check-in (UTC) and an SHA1
** hash of the entire source tree.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.7.15"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3007015
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2012-12-10 22:19:14 bd7aeeb691fee69dd6a562138a7aba8e8e192272"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version, sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_BUSY_RECOVERY           (SQLITE_BUSY   |  (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_NOTEMPDIR      (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_ISDIR          (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_FULLPATH       (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (3<<8))
#define SQLITE_CORRUPT_VTAB            (SQLITE_CORRUPT | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_READONLY_RECOVERY       (SQLITE_READONLY | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_READONLY_CANTLOCK       (SQLITE_READONLY | (2<<8))

#define SQLITE_ABORT_ROLLBACK          (SQLITE_ABORT | (2<<8))










/*
** CAPI3REF: Flags For File Open Operations
**
** These bit values are intended for use in the
** 3rd parameter to the [sqlite3_open_v2()] interface and
** in the 4th parameter to the [sqlite3_vfs.xOpen] method.
................................................................................
** connection is opened. If it is globally disabled, filenames are
** only interpreted as URIs if the SQLITE_OPEN_URI flag is set when the
** database connection is opened. By default, URI handling is globally
** disabled. The default value may be changed by compiling with the
** [SQLITE_USE_URI] symbol defined.
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_COVERING_INDEX_SCAN]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_COVERING_INDEX_SCAN
** <dd> This option taks a single integer argument which is interpreted as
** a boolean in order to enable or disable the use of covering indices for
** full table scans in the query optimizer.  The default setting is determined
** by the [SQLITE_ALLOW_COVERING_INDEX_SCAN] compile-time option, or is "on"
** if that compile-time option is omitted.
** The ability to disable the use of covering indices for full table scans
** is because some incorrectly coded legacy applications might malfunction
** malfunction when the optimization is enabled.  Providing the ability to
................................................................................

/*
** A convenience macro that returns the number of elements in
** an array.
*/
#define ArraySize(X)    ((int)(sizeof(X)/sizeof(X[0])))






/*
** The following value as a destructor means to use sqlite3DbFree().
** The sqlite3DbFree() routine requires two parameters instead of the 
** one parameter that destructors normally want.  So we have to introduce 
** this magic value that the code knows to handle differently.  Any 
** pointer will work here as long as it is distinct from SQLITE_STATIC
** and SQLITE_TRANSIENT.
................................................................................
                                          /*   DELETE, or UPDATE and return */
                                          /*   the count using a callback. */
#define SQLITE_NullCallback   0x00000020  /* Invoke the callback once if the */
                                          /*   result set is empty */
#define SQLITE_SqlTrace       0x00000040  /* Debug print SQL as it executes */
#define SQLITE_VdbeListing    0x00000080  /* Debug listings of VDBE programs */
#define SQLITE_WriteSchema    0x00000100  /* OK to update SQLITE_MASTER */
                         /*   0x00000200  Unused */
#define SQLITE_IgnoreChecks   0x00000400  /* Do not enforce check constraints */
#define SQLITE_ReadUncommitted 0x0000800  /* For shared-cache mode */
#define SQLITE_LegacyFileFmt  0x00001000  /* Create new databases in format 1 */
#define SQLITE_FullFSync      0x00002000  /* Use full fsync on the backend */
#define SQLITE_CkptFullFSync  0x00004000  /* Use full fsync for checkpoint */
#define SQLITE_RecoveryMode   0x00008000  /* Ignore schema errors */
#define SQLITE_ReverseOrder   0x00010000  /* Reverse unordered SELECTs */
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_GroupByOrder   0x0004   /* GROUPBY cover of ORDERBY */
#define SQLITE_FactorOutConst 0x0008   /* Constant factoring */
#define SQLITE_IdxRealAsInt   0x0010   /* Store REAL as INT in indices */
#define SQLITE_DistinctOpt    0x0020   /* DISTINCT using indexes */
#define SQLITE_CoverIdxScan   0x0040   /* Covering index scans */
#define SQLITE_OrderByIdxJoin 0x0080   /* ORDER BY of joins via index */
#define SQLITE_SubqCoroutine  0x0100   /* Evaluate subqueries as coroutines */

#define SQLITE_AllOpts        0xffff   /* All optimizations */

/*
** Macros for testing whether or not optimizations are enabled or disabled.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST
#define OptimizationDisabled(db, mask)  (((db)->dbOptFlags&(mask))!=0)
................................................................................
** must be unique and what to do if they are not.  When Index.onError=OE_None,
** it means this is not a unique index.  Otherwise it is a unique index
** and the value of Index.onError indicate the which conflict resolution 
** algorithm to employ whenever an attempt is made to insert a non-unique
** element.
*/
struct Index {
  char *zName;     /* Name of this index */
  int *aiColumn;   /* Which columns are used by this index.  1st is 0 */
  tRowcnt *aiRowEst; /* Result of ANALYZE: Est. rows selected by each column */
  Table *pTable;   /* The SQL table being indexed */
  char *zColAff;   /* String defining the affinity of each column */
  Index *pNext;    /* The next index associated with the same table */
  Schema *pSchema; /* Schema containing this index */
  u8 *aSortOrder;  /* Array of size Index.nColumn. True==DESC, False==ASC */
  char **azColl;   /* Array of collation sequence names for index */
  int nColumn;     /* Number of columns in the table used by this index */
  int tnum;        /* Page containing root of this index in database file */

  u8 onError;      /* OE_Abort, OE_Ignore, OE_Replace, or OE_None */
  u8 autoIndex;    /* True if is automatically created (ex: by UNIQUE) */
  u8 bUnordered;   /* Use this index for == or IN queries only */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
  int nSample;             /* Number of elements in aSample[] */
  tRowcnt avgEq;           /* Average nEq value for key values not in aSample */
  IndexSample *aSample;    /* Samples of the left-most key */
#endif
};

................................................................................
/*
** A list of expressions.  Each expression may optionally have a
** name.  An expr/name combination can be used in several ways, such
** as the list of "expr AS ID" fields following a "SELECT" or in the
** list of "ID = expr" items in an UPDATE.  A list of expressions can
** also be used as the argument to a function, in which case the a.zName
** field is not used.








*/
struct ExprList {
  int nExpr;             /* Number of expressions on the list */
  int iECursor;          /* VDBE Cursor associated with this ExprList */
  struct ExprList_item { /* For each expression in the list */
    Expr *pExpr;           /* The list of expressions */
    char *zName;           /* Token associated with this expression */
    char *zSpan;           /* Original text of the expression */
    u8 sortOrder;          /* 1 for DESC or 0 for ASC */
    u8 done;               /* A flag to indicate when processing is finished */

    u16 iOrderByCol;       /* For ORDER BY, column number in result set */
    u16 iAlias;            /* Index into Parse.aAlias[] for zName */
  } *a;                  /* Alloc a power of two greater or equal to nExpr */
};

/*
** An instance of this structure is used by the parser to record both
** the parse tree for an expression and the span of input text for an
** expression.
................................................................................
  int p1, p2;           /* Operands of the opcode used to ends the loop */
  union {               /* Information that depends on plan.wsFlags */
    struct {
      int nIn;              /* Number of entries in aInLoop[] */
      struct InLoop {
        int iCur;              /* The VDBE cursor used by this IN operator */
        int addrInTop;         /* Top of the IN loop */

      } *aInLoop;           /* Information about each nested IN operator */
    } in;                 /* Used when plan.wsFlags&WHERE_IN_ABLE */
    Index *pCovidx;       /* Possible covering index for WHERE_MULTI_OR */
  } u;
  double rOptCost;      /* "Optimal" cost for this level */

  /* The following field is really not part of the current level.  But
................................................................................
#define SF_Aggregate       0x0004  /* Contains aggregate functions */
#define SF_UsesEphemeral   0x0008  /* Uses the OpenEphemeral opcode */
#define SF_Expanded        0x0010  /* sqlite3SelectExpand() called on this */
#define SF_HasTypeInfo     0x0020  /* FROM subqueries have Table metadata */
#define SF_UseSorter       0x0040  /* Sort using a sorter */
#define SF_Values          0x0080  /* Synthesized from VALUES clause */
#define SF_Materialize     0x0100  /* Force materialization of views */



/*
** The results of a select can be distributed in several ways.  The
** "SRT" prefix means "SELECT Result Type".
*/
#define SRT_Union        1  /* Store result as keys in an index */
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3IdListDelete(sqlite3*, IdList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SrcListDelete(sqlite3*, SrcList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Index *sqlite3CreateIndex(Parse*,Token*,Token*,SrcList*,ExprList*,int,Token*,
                        Token*, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DropIndex(Parse*, SrcList*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Select(Parse*, Select*, SelectDest*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Select *sqlite3SelectNew(Parse*,ExprList*,SrcList*,Expr*,ExprList*,
                         Expr*,ExprList*,int,Expr*,Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SelectDelete(sqlite3*, Select*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Table *sqlite3SrcListLookup(Parse*, SrcList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3IsReadOnly(Parse*, Table*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3OpenTable(Parse*, int iCur, int iDb, Table*, int);
#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_UPDATE_DELETE_LIMIT) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY)
SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3LimitWhere(Parse *, SrcList *, Expr *, ExprList *, Expr *, Expr *, char *);
#endif
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DeleteFrom(Parse*, SrcList*, Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Update(Parse*, SrcList*, ExprList*, Expr*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE WhereInfo *sqlite3WhereBegin(Parse*,SrcList*,Expr*,ExprList*,ExprList*,u16,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3WhereEnd(WhereInfo*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumn(Parse*, Table*, int, int, int, u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(Vdbe*, Table*, int, int, int);
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3GenerateConstraintChecks(Parse*,Table*,int,int,
                                     int*,int,int,int,int,int*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3CompleteInsertion(Parse*, Table*, int, int, int*, int, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3OpenTableAndIndices(Parse*, Table*, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(Parse*, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3MultiWrite(Parse*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3MayAbort(Parse*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3HaltConstraint(Parse*, int, char*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3ExprDup(sqlite3*,Expr*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE ExprList *sqlite3ExprListDup(sqlite3*,ExprList*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE SrcList *sqlite3SrcListDup(sqlite3*,SrcList*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE IdList *sqlite3IdListDup(sqlite3*,IdList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Select *sqlite3SelectDup(sqlite3*,Select*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3FuncDefInsert(FuncDefHash*, FuncDef*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE FuncDef *sqlite3FindFunction(sqlite3*,const char*,int,int,u8,u8);
................................................................................
**     x = sqlite3GetVarint32( A, &B );
**     x = sqlite3PutVarint32( A, B );
**
**     x = getVarint32( A, B );
**     x = putVarint32( A, B );
**
*/
#define getVarint32(A,B)  (u8)((*(A)<(u8)0x80) ? ((B) = (u32)*(A)),1 : sqlite3GetVarint32((A), (u32 *)&(B)))

#define putVarint32(A,B)  (u8)(((u32)(B)<(u32)0x80) ? (*(A) = (unsigned char)(B)),1 : sqlite3PutVarint32((A), (B)))


#define getVarint    sqlite3GetVarint
#define putVarint    sqlite3PutVarint


SQLITE_PRIVATE const char *sqlite3IndexAffinityStr(Vdbe *, Index *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3TableAffinityStr(Vdbe *, Table *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE char sqlite3CompareAffinity(Expr *pExpr, char aff2);
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AlterFunctions(void);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AlterRenameTable(Parse*, SrcList*, Token*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3GetToken(const unsigned char *, int *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3NestedParse(Parse*, const char*, ...);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExpirePreparedStatements(sqlite3*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3CodeSubselect(Parse *, Expr *, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SelectPrep(Parse*, Select*, NameContext*);

SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ResolveExprNames(NameContext*, Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ResolveSelectNames(Parse*, Select*, NameContext*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ResolveOrderGroupBy(Parse*, Select*, ExprList*, const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ColumnDefault(Vdbe *, Table *, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AlterFinishAddColumn(Parse *, Token *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AlterBeginAddColumn(Parse *, SrcList *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE CollSeq *sqlite3GetCollSeq(Parse*, u8, CollSeq *, const char*);
................................................................................
  #define sqlite3FkCheck(a,b,c,d)
  #define sqlite3FkDropTable(a,b,c)
  #define sqlite3FkOldmask(a,b)      0
  #define sqlite3FkRequired(a,b,c,d) 0
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3FkDelete(sqlite3 *, Table*);

#else
  #define sqlite3FkDelete(a,b)

#endif


/*
** Available fault injectors.  Should be numbered beginning with 0.
*/
#define SQLITE_FAULTINJECTOR_MALLOC     0
................................................................................
  VdbeFrame *pParent;     /* Parent of this frame, or NULL if parent is main */
  Op *aOp;                /* Program instructions for parent frame */
  Mem *aMem;              /* Array of memory cells for parent frame */
  u8 *aOnceFlag;          /* Array of OP_Once flags for parent frame */
  VdbeCursor **apCsr;     /* Array of Vdbe cursors for parent frame */
  void *token;            /* Copy of SubProgram.token */
  i64 lastRowid;          /* Last insert rowid (sqlite3.lastRowid) */
  u16 nCursor;            /* Number of entries in apCsr */
  int pc;                 /* Program Counter in parent (calling) frame */
  int nOp;                /* Size of aOp array */
  int nMem;               /* Number of entries in aMem */
  int nOnceFlag;          /* Number of entries in aOnceFlag */
  int nChildMem;          /* Number of memory cells for child frame */
  int nChildCsr;          /* Number of cursors for child frame */
  int nChange;            /* Statement changes (Vdbe.nChanges)     */
................................................................................
  Mem *pResultSet;        /* Pointer to an array of results */
  int nMem;               /* Number of memory locations currently allocated */
  int nOp;                /* Number of instructions in the program */
  int nOpAlloc;           /* Number of slots allocated for aOp[] */
  int nLabel;             /* Number of labels used */
  int *aLabel;            /* Space to hold the labels */
  u16 nResColumn;         /* Number of columns in one row of the result set */
  u16 nCursor;            /* Number of slots in apCsr[] */
  u32 magic;              /* Magic number for sanity checking */
  char *zErrMsg;          /* Error message written here */
  Vdbe *pPrev,*pNext;     /* Linked list of VDBEs with the same Vdbe.db */
  VdbeCursor **apCsr;     /* One element of this array for each open cursor */
  Mem *aVar;              /* Values for the OP_Variable opcode. */
  char **azVar;           /* Name of variables */
  ynVar nVar;             /* Number of entries in aVar[] */
................................................................................
  { "pwrite64",     (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)pwrite64,   0  },
#else
  { "pwrite64",     (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)0,          0  },
#endif
#define osPwrite64  ((ssize_t(*)(int,const void*,size_t,off_t))\
                    aSyscall[13].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE
  { "fchmod",       (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)fchmod,     0  },
#else
  { "fchmod",       (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)0,          0  },
#endif
#define osFchmod    ((int(*)(int,mode_t))aSyscall[14].pCurrent)

#if defined(HAVE_POSIX_FALLOCATE) && HAVE_POSIX_FALLOCATE
  { "fallocate",    (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)posix_fallocate,  0 },
#else
  { "fallocate",    (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)0,                0 },
#endif
................................................................................

  { "rmdir",        (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)rmdir,           0 },
#define osRmdir     ((int(*)(const char*))aSyscall[19].pCurrent)

  { "fchown",       (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)posixFchown,     0 },
#define osFchown    ((int(*)(int,uid_t,gid_t))aSyscall[20].pCurrent)

  { "umask",        (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)umask,           0 },
#define osUmask     ((mode_t(*)(mode_t))aSyscall[21].pCurrent)

}; /* End of the overrideable system calls */

/*
** This is the xSetSystemCall() method of sqlite3_vfs for all of the
** "unix" VFSes.  Return SQLITE_OK opon successfully updating the
** system call pointer, or SQLITE_NOTFOUND if there is no configurable
** system call named zName.
................................................................................
** In that way, if a database file is -rw-rw-rw or -rw-rw-r-, and a
** transaction crashes and leaves behind hot journals, then any
** process that is able to write to the database will also be able to
** recover the hot journals.
*/
static int robust_open(const char *z, int f, mode_t m){
  int fd;
  mode_t m2;
  mode_t origM = 0;
  if( m==0 ){
    m2 = SQLITE_DEFAULT_FILE_PERMISSIONS;
  }else{
    m2 = m;
    origM = osUmask(0);
  }
  do{
#if defined(O_CLOEXEC)
    fd = osOpen(z,f|O_CLOEXEC,m2);
#else
    fd = osOpen(z,f,m2);
#endif
  }while( fd<0 && errno==EINTR );

  if( m ){
    osUmask(origM);






  }

#if defined(FD_CLOEXEC) && (!defined(O_CLOEXEC) || O_CLOEXEC==0)
  if( fd>=0 ) osFcntl(fd, F_SETFD, osFcntl(fd, F_GETFD, 0) | FD_CLOEXEC);
#endif

  return fd;
}

/*
** Helper functions to obtain and relinquish the global mutex. The
** global mutex is used to protect the unixInodeInfo and
** vxworksFileId objects used by this file, all of which may be 
................................................................................
  pNew->pVfs = pVfs;
  pNew->zPath = zFilename;
  pNew->ctrlFlags = (u8)ctrlFlags;
  if( sqlite3_uri_boolean(((ctrlFlags & UNIXFILE_URI) ? zFilename : 0),
                           "psow", SQLITE_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE) ){
    pNew->ctrlFlags |= UNIXFILE_PSOW;
  }
  if( memcmp(pVfs->zName,"unix-excl",10)==0 ){
    pNew->ctrlFlags |= UNIXFILE_EXCL;
  }

#if OS_VXWORKS
  pNew->pId = vxworksFindFileId(zFilename);
  if( pNew->pId==0 ){
    ctrlFlags |= UNIXFILE_NOLOCK;
................................................................................
    UNIXVFS("unix-proxy",    proxyIoFinder ),
#endif
  };
  unsigned int i;          /* Loop counter */

  /* Double-check that the aSyscall[] array has been constructed
  ** correctly.  See ticket [bb3a86e890c8e96ab] */
  assert( ArraySize(aSyscall)==22 );

  /* Register all VFSes defined in the aVfs[] array */
  for(i=0; i<(sizeof(aVfs)/sizeof(sqlite3_vfs)); i++){
    sqlite3_vfs_register(&aVfs[i], i==0);
  }
  return SQLITE_OK; 
}
................................................................................
}

/*
** This function outputs the specified (ANSI) string to the Win32 debugger
** (if available).
*/

SQLITE_API void sqlite3_win32_write_debug(char *zBuf, int nBuf){
  char zDbgBuf[SQLITE_WIN32_DBG_BUF_SIZE];
  int nMin = MIN(nBuf, (SQLITE_WIN32_DBG_BUF_SIZE - 1)); /* may be negative. */
  if( nMin<-1 ) nMin = -1; /* all negative values become -1. */
  assert( nMin==-1 || nMin==0 || nMin<SQLITE_WIN32_DBG_BUF_SIZE );
#if defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI)
  if( nMin>0 ){
    memset(zDbgBuf, 0, SQLITE_WIN32_DBG_BUF_SIZE);
................................................................................
  }
}

#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
/*************************************************************************
** This section contains code for WinCE only.
*/

/*
** Windows CE does not have a localtime() function.  So create a
** substitute.
*/
/* #include <time.h> */
struct tm *__cdecl localtime(const time_t *t)
{
  static struct tm y;
  FILETIME uTm, lTm;
  SYSTEMTIME pTm;
................................................................................
  y.tm_wday = pTm.wDayOfWeek;
  y.tm_mday = pTm.wDay;
  y.tm_hour = pTm.wHour;
  y.tm_min = pTm.wMinute;
  y.tm_sec = pTm.wSecond;
  return &y;
}


#define HANDLE_TO_WINFILE(a) (winFile*)&((char*)a)[-(int)offsetof(winFile,h)]

/*
** Acquire a lock on the handle h
*/
static void winceMutexAcquire(HANDLE h){
................................................................................
*/
#define winceMutexRelease(h) ReleaseMutex(h)

/*
** Create the mutex and shared memory used for locking in the file
** descriptor pFile
*/
static BOOL winceCreateLock(const char *zFilename, winFile *pFile){
  LPWSTR zTok;
  LPWSTR zName;


  BOOL bInit = TRUE;

  zName = utf8ToUnicode(zFilename);
  if( zName==0 ){
    /* out of memory */
    return FALSE;
  }

  /* Initialize the local lockdata */
  memset(&pFile->local, 0, sizeof(pFile->local));

  /* Replace the backslashes from the filename and lowercase it
  ** to derive a mutex name. */
................................................................................
    if (*zTok == '\\') *zTok = '_';
  }

  /* Create/open the named mutex */
  pFile->hMutex = osCreateMutexW(NULL, FALSE, zName);
  if (!pFile->hMutex){
    pFile->lastErrno = osGetLastError();

    winLogError(SQLITE_ERROR, pFile->lastErrno, "winceCreateLock1", zFilename);
    sqlite3_free(zName);
    return FALSE;
  }

  /* Acquire the mutex before continuing */
  winceMutexAcquire(pFile->hMutex);
  
  /* Since the names of named mutexes, semaphores, file mappings etc are 
  ** case-sensitive, take advantage of that by uppercasing the mutex name
................................................................................
  osCharUpperW(zName);
  pFile->hShared = osCreateFileMappingW(INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE, NULL,
                                        PAGE_READWRITE, 0, sizeof(winceLock),
                                        zName);  

  /* Set a flag that indicates we're the first to create the memory so it 
  ** must be zero-initialized */

  if (osGetLastError() == ERROR_ALREADY_EXISTS){
    bInit = FALSE;
  }

  sqlite3_free(zName);

  /* If we succeeded in making the shared memory handle, map it. */
  if (pFile->hShared){
    pFile->shared = (winceLock*)osMapViewOfFile(pFile->hShared, 
             FILE_MAP_READ|FILE_MAP_WRITE, 0, 0, sizeof(winceLock));
    /* If mapping failed, close the shared memory handle and erase it */
    if (!pFile->shared){
      pFile->lastErrno = osGetLastError();
      winLogError(SQLITE_ERROR, pFile->lastErrno,
               "winceCreateLock2", zFilename);

      osCloseHandle(pFile->hShared);
      pFile->hShared = NULL;
    }
  }

  /* If shared memory could not be created, then close the mutex and fail */
  if (pFile->hShared == NULL){






    winceMutexRelease(pFile->hMutex);
    osCloseHandle(pFile->hMutex);
    pFile->hMutex = NULL;
    return FALSE;
  }
  
  /* Initialize the shared memory if we're supposed to */
  if (bInit) {
    memset(pFile->shared, 0, sizeof(winceLock));
  }

  winceMutexRelease(pFile->hMutex);
  return TRUE;
}

/*
** Destroy the part of winFile that deals with wince locks
*/
static void winceDestroyLock(winFile *pFile){
  if (pFile->hMutex){
................................................................................
        pFile->shared->nReaders ++;
      }
      bReturn = TRUE;
    }
  }

  /* Want a pending lock? */
  else if (dwFileOffsetLow == (DWORD)PENDING_BYTE && nNumberOfBytesToLockLow == 1){

    /* If no pending lock has been acquired, then acquire it */
    if (pFile->shared->bPending == 0) {
      pFile->shared->bPending = TRUE;
      pFile->local.bPending = TRUE;
      bReturn = TRUE;
    }
  }

  /* Want a reserved lock? */
  else if (dwFileOffsetLow == (DWORD)RESERVED_BYTE && nNumberOfBytesToLockLow == 1){

    if (pFile->shared->bReserved == 0) {
      pFile->shared->bReserved = TRUE;
      pFile->local.bReserved = TRUE;
      bReturn = TRUE;
    }
  }

................................................................................
      pFile->local.bExclusive = FALSE;
      pFile->shared->bExclusive = FALSE;
      bReturn = TRUE;
    }

    /* Did we just have a reader lock? */
    else if (pFile->local.nReaders){
      assert(nNumberOfBytesToUnlockLow == (DWORD)SHARED_SIZE || nNumberOfBytesToUnlockLow == 1);

      pFile->local.nReaders --;
      if (pFile->local.nReaders == 0)
      {
        pFile->shared->nReaders --;
      }
      bReturn = TRUE;
    }
  }

  /* Releasing a pending lock */
  else if (dwFileOffsetLow == (DWORD)PENDING_BYTE && nNumberOfBytesToUnlockLow == 1){

    if (pFile->local.bPending){
      pFile->local.bPending = FALSE;
      pFile->shared->bPending = FALSE;
      bReturn = TRUE;
    }
  }
  /* Releasing a reserved lock */
  else if (dwFileOffsetLow == (DWORD)RESERVED_BYTE && nNumberOfBytesToUnlockLow == 1){

    if (pFile->local.bReserved) {
      pFile->local.bReserved = FALSE;
      pFile->shared->bReserved = FALSE;
      bReturn = TRUE;
    }
  }

................................................................................
  winFile *pFile = (winFile*)id;

  assert( id!=0 );
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
  assert( pFile->pShm==0 );
#endif
  OSTRACE(("CLOSE %d\n", pFile->h));

  do{
    rc = osCloseHandle(pFile->h);
    /* SimulateIOError( rc=0; cnt=MX_CLOSE_ATTEMPT; ); */
  }while( rc==0 && ++cnt < MX_CLOSE_ATTEMPT && (sqlite3_win32_sleep(100), 1) );
#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
#define WINCE_DELETION_ATTEMPTS 3
  winceDestroyLock(pFile);
................................................................................
        win32IoerrRetryDelay = a[1];
      }else{
        a[1] = win32IoerrRetryDelay;
      }
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_TEMPFILENAME: {
      char *zTFile = sqlite3_malloc( pFile->pVfs->mxPathname );
      if( zTFile ){
        getTempname(pFile->pVfs->mxPathname, zTFile);
        *(char**)pArg = zTFile;
      }
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
  }
................................................................................
                 (int)osGetCurrentProcessId(), i,
                 bRc ? "ok" : "failed"));
        bRc = osCloseHandle(p->aRegion[i].hMap);
        OSTRACE(("SHM-PURGE pid-%d close region=%d %s\n",
                 (int)osGetCurrentProcessId(), i,
                 bRc ? "ok" : "failed"));
      }
      if( p->hFile.h != INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE ){
        SimulateIOErrorBenign(1);
        winClose((sqlite3_file *)&p->hFile);
        SimulateIOErrorBenign(0);
      }
      if( deleteFlag ){
        SimulateIOErrorBenign(1);
        sqlite3BeginBenignMalloc();
................................................................................
      rc = SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
      goto shm_open_err;
    }

    rc = winOpen(pDbFd->pVfs,
                 pShmNode->zFilename,             /* Name of the file (UTF-8) */
                 (sqlite3_file*)&pShmNode->hFile,  /* File handle here */
                 SQLITE_OPEN_WAL | SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE | SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE, /* Mode flags */
                 0);
    if( SQLITE_OK!=rc ){
      goto shm_open_err;
    }

    /* Check to see if another process is holding the dead-man switch.
    ** If not, truncate the file to zero length. 
................................................................................
  /* Assert that the upper layer has set one of the "file-type" flags. */
  assert( eType==SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB      || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_DB 
       || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_JOURNAL || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_JOURNAL 
       || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_SUBJOURNAL   || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_MASTER_JOURNAL 
       || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_TRANSIENT_DB || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_WAL
  );

  assert( id!=0 );
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pVfs);


#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  if( !sqlite3_temp_directory ){
    sqlite3_log(SQLITE_ERROR,
        "sqlite3_temp_directory variable should be set for WinRT");
  }
#endif

  pFile->h = INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE;

  /* If the second argument to this function is NULL, generate a 
  ** temporary file name to use 
  */
  if( !zUtf8Name ){
    assert(isDelete && !isOpenJournal);

    rc = getTempname(MAX_PATH+2, zTmpname);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      return rc;
    }
    zUtf8Name = zTmpname;
  }

................................................................................

  if( h==INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE ){
    pFile->lastErrno = lastErrno;
    winLogError(SQLITE_CANTOPEN, pFile->lastErrno, "winOpen", zUtf8Name);
    sqlite3_free(zConverted);
    if( isReadWrite && !isExclusive ){
      return winOpen(pVfs, zName, id, 

             ((flags|SQLITE_OPEN_READONLY)&~(SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE|SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE)), pOutFlags);

    }else{
      return SQLITE_CANTOPEN_BKPT;
    }
  }

  if( pOutFlags ){
    if( isReadWrite ){
      *pOutFlags = SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE;
    }else{
      *pOutFlags = SQLITE_OPEN_READONLY;
    }
  }

  memset(pFile, 0, sizeof(*pFile));
  pFile->pMethod = &winIoMethod;
  pFile->h = h;
  pFile->lastErrno = NO_ERROR;
  pFile->pVfs = pVfs;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
  pFile->pShm = 0;
#endif
  pFile->zPath = zName;
  if( sqlite3_uri_boolean(zName, "psow", SQLITE_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE) ){
    pFile->ctrlFlags |= WINFILE_PSOW;
  }

#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
  if( isReadWrite && eType==SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB
       && !winceCreateLock(zName, pFile)
  ){
    osCloseHandle(h);
    sqlite3_free(zConverted);
    return SQLITE_CANTOPEN_BKPT;
  }
  if( isTemp ){
    pFile->zDeleteOnClose = zConverted;
  }else
#endif
  {
    sqlite3_free(zConverted);
  }










  OpenCounter(+1);
  return rc;
}

/*
** Delete the named file.
................................................................................
      WIN32_FILE_ATTRIBUTE_DATA sAttrData;
      memset(&sAttrData, 0, sizeof(sAttrData));
      if ( osGetFileAttributesExW(zConverted, GetFileExInfoStandard,
                                  &sAttrData) ){
        attr = sAttrData.dwFileAttributes;
      }else{
        lastErrno = osGetLastError();

        if( lastErrno==ERROR_FILE_NOT_FOUND || lastErrno==ERROR_PATH_NOT_FOUND ){
          rc = SQLITE_IOERR_DELETE_NOENT; /* Already gone? */
        }else{
          rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
        }
        break;
      }
#else
      attr = osGetFileAttributesW(zConverted);
#endif
      if ( attr==INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES ){
        lastErrno = osGetLastError();

        if( lastErrno==ERROR_FILE_NOT_FOUND || lastErrno==ERROR_PATH_NOT_FOUND ){
          rc = SQLITE_IOERR_DELETE_NOENT; /* Already gone? */
        }else{
          rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
        }
        break;
      }
      if ( attr&FILE_ATTRIBUTE_DIRECTORY ){
................................................................................
  }
#ifdef SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI
  else{
    do {
      attr = osGetFileAttributesA(zConverted);
      if ( attr==INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES ){
        lastErrno = osGetLastError();

        if( lastErrno==ERROR_FILE_NOT_FOUND || lastErrno==ERROR_PATH_NOT_FOUND ){
          rc = SQLITE_IOERR_DELETE_NOENT; /* Already gone? */
        }else{
          rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
        }
        break;
      }
      if ( attr&FILE_ATTRIBUTE_DIRECTORY ){
................................................................................
    ** NOTE: We are dealing with a relative path name and the data
    **       directory has been set.  Therefore, use it as the basis
    **       for converting the relative path name to an absolute
    **       one by prepending the data directory and a slash.
    */
    char zOut[MAX_PATH+1];
    memset(zOut, 0, MAX_PATH+1);
    cygwin_conv_to_win32_path(zRelative, zOut); /* POSIX to Win32 */

    sqlite3_snprintf(MIN(nFull, pVfs->mxPathname), zFull, "%s\\%s",
                     sqlite3_data_directory, zOut);
  }else{
    /*
    ** NOTE: The Cygwin docs state that the maximum length needed
    **       for the buffer passed to cygwin_conv_to_full_win32_path
    **       is MAX_PATH.
    */
    cygwin_conv_to_full_win32_path(zRelative, zFull);

  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
#endif

#if (SQLITE_OS_WINCE || SQLITE_OS_WINRT) && !defined(__CYGWIN__)
  SimulateIOError( return SQLITE_ERROR );
  /* WinCE has no concept of a relative pathname, or so I am told. */
................................................................................
  sqlite3_free(zConverted);
  return (void*)h;
}
static void winDlError(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, int nBuf, char *zBufOut){
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pVfs);
  getLastErrorMsg(osGetLastError(), nBuf, zBufOut);
}
static void (*winDlSym(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, void *pHandle, const char *zSymbol))(void){
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pVfs);
  return (void(*)(void))osGetProcAddressA((HANDLE)pHandle, zSymbol);
}
static void winDlClose(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, void *pHandle){
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pVfs);
  osFreeLibrary((HANDLE)pHandle);
}
#else /* if SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION is defined: */
  #define winDlOpen  0
................................................................................
  FILETIME ft;
  static const sqlite3_int64 winFiletimeEpoch = 23058135*(sqlite3_int64)8640000;
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
  static const sqlite3_int64 unixEpoch = 24405875*(sqlite3_int64)8640000;
#endif
  /* 2^32 - to avoid use of LL and warnings in gcc */
  static const sqlite3_int64 max32BitValue = 
      (sqlite3_int64)2000000000 + (sqlite3_int64)2000000000 + (sqlite3_int64)294967296;


#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
  SYSTEMTIME time;
  osGetSystemTime(&time);
  /* if SystemTimeToFileTime() fails, it returns zero. */
  if (!osSystemTimeToFileTime(&time,&ft)){
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
................................................................................
  if( rc2==SQLITE_FULL || rc2==SQLITE_IOERR ){
    pPager->errCode = rc;
    pPager->eState = PAGER_ERROR;
  }
  return rc;
}



/*
** This routine ends a transaction. A transaction is usually ended by 
** either a COMMIT or a ROLLBACK operation. This routine may be called 
** after rollback of a hot-journal, or if an error occurs while opening
** the journal file or writing the very first journal-header of a
** database transaction.
** 
................................................................................
** database then the IO error code is returned to the user. If the 
** operation to finalize the journal file fails, then the code still
** tries to unlock the database file if not in exclusive mode. If the
** unlock operation fails as well, then the first error code related
** to the first error encountered (the journal finalization one) is
** returned.
*/
static int pager_end_transaction(Pager *pPager, int hasMaster){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;      /* Error code from journal finalization operation */
  int rc2 = SQLITE_OK;     /* Error code from db file unlock operation */

  /* Do nothing if the pager does not have an open write transaction
  ** or at least a RESERVED lock. This function may be called when there
  ** is no write-transaction active but a RESERVED or greater lock is
  ** held under two circumstances:
................................................................................
  if( pagerUseWal(pPager) ){
    /* Drop the WAL write-lock, if any. Also, if the connection was in 
    ** locking_mode=exclusive mode but is no longer, drop the EXCLUSIVE 
    ** lock held on the database file.
    */
    rc2 = sqlite3WalEndWriteTransaction(pPager->pWal);
    assert( rc2==SQLITE_OK );









  }

  if( !pPager->exclusiveMode 
   && (!pagerUseWal(pPager) || sqlite3WalExclusiveMode(pPager->pWal, 0))
  ){
    rc2 = pagerUnlockDb(pPager, SHARED_LOCK);
    pPager->changeCountDone = 0;
  }
  pPager->eState = PAGER_READER;
................................................................................
    assert( assert_pager_state(pPager) );
    if( pPager->eState>=PAGER_WRITER_LOCKED ){
      sqlite3BeginBenignMalloc();
      sqlite3PagerRollback(pPager);
      sqlite3EndBenignMalloc();
    }else if( !pPager->exclusiveMode ){
      assert( pPager->eState==PAGER_READER );
      pager_end_transaction(pPager, 0);
    }
  }
  pager_unlock(pPager);
}

/*
** Parameter aData must point to a buffer of pPager->pageSize bytes
................................................................................
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK
   && (pPager->eState>=PAGER_WRITER_DBMOD || pPager->eState==PAGER_OPEN)
  ){
    rc = sqlite3PagerSync(pPager);
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = pager_end_transaction(pPager, zMaster[0]!='\0');
    testcase( rc!=SQLITE_OK );
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && zMaster[0] && res ){
    /* If there was a master journal and this routine will return success,
    ** see if it is possible to delete the master journal.
    */
    rc = pager_delmaster(pPager, zMaster);
................................................................................
#endif

/*
** Truncate the in-memory database file image to nPage pages. This 
** function does not actually modify the database file on disk. It 
** just sets the internal state of the pager object so that the 
** truncation will be done when the current transaction is committed.





*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PagerTruncateImage(Pager *pPager, Pgno nPage){
  assert( pPager->dbSize>=nPage );
  assert( pPager->eState>=PAGER_WRITER_CACHEMOD );
  pPager->dbSize = nPage;

  assertTruncateConstraint(pPager);








}


/*
** This function is called before attempting a hot-journal rollback. It
** syncs the journal file to disk, then sets pPager->journalHdr to the
** size of the journal file so that the pager_playback() routine knows
................................................................................
    if( pPager->eLock<=SHARED_LOCK ){
      rc = hasHotJournal(pPager, &bHotJournal);
    }
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      goto failed;
    }
    if( bHotJournal ){





      /* Get an EXCLUSIVE lock on the database file. At this point it is
      ** important that a RESERVED lock is not obtained on the way to the
      ** EXCLUSIVE lock. If it were, another process might open the
      ** database file, detect the RESERVED lock, and conclude that the
      ** database is safe to read while this process is still rolling the 
      ** hot-journal back.
      ** 
................................................................................
        }
      }
  #else
      rc = pager_incr_changecounter(pPager, 0);
  #endif
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto commit_phase_one_exit;
  
      /* If this transaction has made the database smaller, then all pages
      ** being discarded by the truncation must be written to the journal
      ** file.
      **
      ** Before reading the pages with page numbers larger than the 
      ** current value of Pager.dbSize, set dbSize back to the value
      ** that it took at the start of the transaction. Otherwise, the
      ** calls to sqlite3PagerGet() return zeroed pages instead of 
      ** reading data from the database file.
      */
      if( pPager->dbSize<pPager->dbOrigSize 
       && pPager->journalMode!=PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF
      ){
        Pgno i;                                   /* Iterator variable */
        const Pgno iSkip = PAGER_MJ_PGNO(pPager); /* Pending lock page */
        const Pgno dbSize = pPager->dbSize;       /* Database image size */ 
        pPager->dbSize = pPager->dbOrigSize;
        for( i=dbSize+1; i<=pPager->dbOrigSize; i++ ){
          if( !sqlite3BitvecTest(pPager->pInJournal, i) && i!=iSkip ){
            PgHdr *pPage;             /* Page to journal */
            rc = sqlite3PagerGet(pPager, i, &pPage);
            if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto commit_phase_one_exit;
            rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pPage);
            sqlite3PagerUnref(pPage);
            if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto commit_phase_one_exit;
          }
        }
        pPager->dbSize = dbSize;
      } 
  
      /* Write the master journal name into the journal file. If a master 
      ** journal file name has already been written to the journal file, 
      ** or if zMaster is NULL (no master journal), then this call is a no-op.
      */
      rc = writeMasterJournal(pPager, zMaster);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto commit_phase_one_exit;
  
................................................................................
  
      rc = pager_write_pagelist(pPager,sqlite3PcacheDirtyList(pPager->pPCache));
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        assert( rc!=SQLITE_IOERR_BLOCKED );
        goto commit_phase_one_exit;
      }
      sqlite3PcacheCleanAll(pPager->pPCache);
  
      /* If the file on disk is not the same size as the database image,
      ** then use pager_truncate to grow or shrink the file here.
      */



      if( pPager->dbSize!=pPager->dbFileSize ){
        Pgno nNew = pPager->dbSize - (pPager->dbSize==PAGER_MJ_PGNO(pPager));
        assert( pPager->eState==PAGER_WRITER_DBMOD );
        rc = pager_truncate(pPager, nNew);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto commit_phase_one_exit;
      }
  
      /* Finally, sync the database file. */
................................................................................
  ){
    assert( pPager->journalOff==JOURNAL_HDR_SZ(pPager) || !pPager->journalOff );
    pPager->eState = PAGER_READER;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

  PAGERTRACE(("COMMIT %d\n", PAGERID(pPager)));
  rc = pager_end_transaction(pPager, pPager->setMaster);
  return pager_error(pPager, rc);
}

/*
** If a write transaction is open, then all changes made within the 
** transaction are reverted and the current write-transaction is closed.
** The pager falls back to PAGER_READER state if successful, or PAGER_ERROR
................................................................................
  assert( assert_pager_state(pPager) );
  if( pPager->eState==PAGER_ERROR ) return pPager->errCode;
  if( pPager->eState<=PAGER_READER ) return SQLITE_OK;

  if( pagerUseWal(pPager) ){
    int rc2;
    rc = sqlite3PagerSavepoint(pPager, SAVEPOINT_ROLLBACK, -1);
    rc2 = pager_end_transaction(pPager, pPager->setMaster);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ) rc = rc2;
  }else if( !isOpen(pPager->jfd) || pPager->eState==PAGER_WRITER_LOCKED ){
    int eState = pPager->eState;
    rc = pager_end_transaction(pPager, 0);
    if( !MEMDB && eState>PAGER_WRITER_LOCKED ){
      /* This can happen using journal_mode=off. Move the pager to the error 
      ** state to indicate that the contents of the cache may not be trusted.
      ** Any active readers will get SQLITE_ABORT.
      */
      pPager->errCode = SQLITE_ABORT;
      pPager->eState = PAGER_ERROR;
................................................................................
  **
  ** If the isCommit flag is set, there is no need to remember that
  ** the journal needs to be sync()ed before database page pPg->pgno 
  ** can be written to. The caller has already promised not to write to it.
  */
  if( (pPg->flags&PGHDR_NEED_SYNC) && !isCommit ){
    needSyncPgno = pPg->pgno;

    assert( pageInJournal(pPg) || pPg->pgno>pPager->dbOrigSize );
    assert( pPg->flags&PGHDR_DIRTY );
  }

  /* If the cache contains a page with page-number pgno, remove it
  ** from its hash chain. Also, if the PGHDR_NEED_SYNC flag was set for 
  ** page pgno before the 'move' operation, it needs to be retained 
  ** for the page moved there.
................................................................................
  sqlite3 *db;          /* Database connection currently using this Btree */
  BtCursor *pCursor;    /* A list of all open cursors */
  MemPage *pPage1;      /* First page of the database */
  u8 openFlags;         /* Flags to sqlite3BtreeOpen() */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
  u8 autoVacuum;        /* True if auto-vacuum is enabled */
  u8 incrVacuum;        /* True if incr-vacuum is enabled */

#endif
  u8 inTransaction;     /* Transaction state */
  u8 max1bytePayload;   /* Maximum first byte of cell for a 1-byte payload */
  u16 btsFlags;         /* Boolean parameters.  See BTS_* macros below */
  u16 maxLocal;         /* Maximum local payload in non-LEAFDATA tables */
  u16 minLocal;         /* Minimum local payload in non-LEAFDATA tables */
  u16 maxLeaf;          /* Maximum local payload in a LEAFDATA table */
................................................................................
** This routine is used to extract the "offset to cell content area" value
** from the header of a btree page.  If the page size is 65536 and the page
** is empty, the offset should be 65536, but the 2-byte value stores zero.
** This routine makes the necessary adjustment to 65536.
*/
#define get2byteNotZero(X)  (((((int)get2byte(X))-1)&0xffff)+1)




















#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE
/*
** A list of BtShared objects that are eligible for participation
** in shared cache.  This variable has file scope during normal builds,
** but the test harness needs to access it so we make it global for 
** test builds.
**
................................................................................
  /* If the btree is already in a write-transaction, or it
  ** is already in a read-transaction and a read-transaction
  ** is requested, this is a no-op.
  */
  if( p->inTrans==TRANS_WRITE || (p->inTrans==TRANS_READ && !wrflag) ){
    goto trans_begun;
  }


  /* Write transactions are not possible on a read-only database */
  if( (pBt->btsFlags & BTS_READ_ONLY)!=0 && wrflag ){
    rc = SQLITE_READONLY;
    goto trans_begun;
  }

................................................................................
  return rc;
}

/* Forward declaration required by incrVacuumStep(). */
static int allocateBtreePage(BtShared *, MemPage **, Pgno *, Pgno, u8);

/*
** Perform a single step of an incremental-vacuum. If successful,
** return SQLITE_OK. If there is no work to do (and therefore no
** point in calling this function again), return SQLITE_DONE.

**
** More specificly, this function attempts to re-organize the 
** database so that the last page of the file currently in use
** is no longer in use.
**



** If the nFin parameter is non-zero, this function assumes
** that the caller will keep calling incrVacuumStep() until
** it returns SQLITE_DONE or an error, and that nFin is the
** number of pages the database file will contain after this 
** process is complete.  If nFin is zero, it is assumed that
** incrVacuumStep() will be called a finite amount of times
** which may or may not empty the freelist.  A full autovacuum
** has nFin>0.  A "PRAGMA incremental_vacuum" has nFin==0.
*/
static int incrVacuumStep(BtShared *pBt, Pgno nFin, Pgno iLastPg){
  Pgno nFreeList;           /* Number of pages still on the free-list */
  int rc;

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );
  assert( iLastPg>nFin );

  if( !PTRMAP_ISPAGE(pBt, iLastPg) && iLastPg!=PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt) ){
................................................................................
      return rc;
    }
    if( eType==PTRMAP_ROOTPAGE ){
      return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    }

    if( eType==PTRMAP_FREEPAGE ){
      if( nFin==0 ){
        /* Remove the page from the files free-list. This is not required
        ** if nFin is non-zero. In that case, the free-list will be
        ** truncated to zero after this function returns, so it doesn't 
        ** matter if it still contains some garbage entries.
        */
        Pgno iFreePg;
        MemPage *pFreePg;
        rc = allocateBtreePage(pBt, &pFreePg, &iFreePg, iLastPg, 1);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
          return rc;
        }
        assert( iFreePg==iLastPg );
        releasePage(pFreePg);
      }
    } else {
      Pgno iFreePg;             /* Index of free page to move pLastPg to */
      MemPage *pLastPg;



      rc = btreeGetPage(pBt, iLastPg, &pLastPg, 0);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        return rc;
      }

      /* If nFin is zero, this loop runs exactly once and page pLastPg
      ** is swapped with the first free page pulled off the free list.
      **
      ** On the other hand, if nFin is greater than zero, then keep
      ** looping until a free-page located within the first nFin pages
      ** of the file is found.
      */




      do {
        MemPage *pFreePg;
        rc = allocateBtreePage(pBt, &pFreePg, &iFreePg, 0, 0);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
          releasePage(pLastPg);
          return rc;
        }
        releasePage(pFreePg);
      }while( nFin!=0 && iFreePg>nFin );
      assert( iFreePg<iLastPg );
      
      rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pLastPg->pDbPage);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        rc = relocatePage(pBt, pLastPg, eType, iPtrPage, iFreePg, nFin!=0);
      }
      releasePage(pLastPg);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        return rc;
      }
    }
  }

  if( nFin==0 ){

    iLastPg--;
    while( iLastPg==PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt)||PTRMAP_ISPAGE(pBt, iLastPg) ){
      if( PTRMAP_ISPAGE(pBt, iLastPg) ){
        MemPage *pPg;
        rc = btreeGetPage(pBt, iLastPg, &pPg, 0);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
          return rc;
        }
        rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pPg->pDbPage);
        releasePage(pPg);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
          return rc;
        }
      }
      iLastPg--;
    }
    sqlite3PagerTruncateImage(pBt->pPager, iLastPg);
    pBt->nPage = iLastPg;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
























/*
** A write-transaction must be opened before calling this function.
** It performs a single unit of work towards an incremental vacuum.
**
** If the incremental vacuum is finished after this function has run,
** SQLITE_DONE is returned. If it is not finished, but no error occurred,
................................................................................
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;

  sqlite3BtreeEnter(p);
  assert( pBt->inTransaction==TRANS_WRITE && p->inTrans==TRANS_WRITE );
  if( !pBt->autoVacuum ){
    rc = SQLITE_DONE;
  }else{







    invalidateAllOverflowCache(pBt);
    rc = incrVacuumStep(pBt, 0, btreePagecount(pBt));
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pBt->pPage1->pDbPage);
      put4byte(&pBt->pPage1->aData[28], pBt->nPage);



    }
  }
  sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  return rc;
}

/*
................................................................................

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );
  invalidateAllOverflowCache(pBt);
  assert(pBt->autoVacuum);
  if( !pBt->incrVacuum ){
    Pgno nFin;         /* Number of pages in database after autovacuuming */
    Pgno nFree;        /* Number of pages on the freelist initially */
    Pgno nPtrmap;      /* Number of PtrMap pages to be freed */
    Pgno iFree;        /* The next page to be freed */
    int nEntry;        /* Number of entries on one ptrmap page */
    Pgno nOrig;        /* Database size before freeing */

    nOrig = btreePagecount(pBt);
    if( PTRMAP_ISPAGE(pBt, nOrig) || nOrig==PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt) ){
      /* It is not possible to create a database for which the final page
      ** is either a pointer-map page or the pending-byte page. If one
      ** is encountered, this indicates corruption.
      */
      return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    }

    nFree = get4byte(&pBt->pPage1->aData[36]);
    nEntry = pBt->usableSize/5;
    nPtrmap = (nFree-nOrig+PTRMAP_PAGENO(pBt, nOrig)+nEntry)/nEntry;
    nFin = nOrig - nFree - nPtrmap;
    if( nOrig>PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt) && nFin<PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt) ){
      nFin--;
    }
    while( PTRMAP_ISPAGE(pBt, nFin) || nFin==PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt) ){
      nFin--;
    }
    if( nFin>nOrig ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;

    for(iFree=nOrig; iFree>nFin && rc==SQLITE_OK; iFree--){
      rc = incrVacuumStep(pBt, nFin, iFree);
    }
    if( (rc==SQLITE_DONE || rc==SQLITE_OK) && nFree>0 ){
      rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pBt->pPage1->pDbPage);
      put4byte(&pBt->pPage1->aData[32], 0);
      put4byte(&pBt->pPage1->aData[36], 0);
      put4byte(&pBt->pPage1->aData[28], nFin);
      sqlite3PagerTruncateImage(pBt->pPager, nFin);
      pBt->nPage = nFin;
    }
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      sqlite3PagerRollback(pPager);
    }
  }

................................................................................
    if( pBt->autoVacuum ){
      rc = autoVacuumCommit(pBt);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
        return rc;
      }
    }



#endif
    rc = sqlite3PagerCommitPhaseOne(pBt->pPager, zMaster, 0);
    sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  }
  return rc;
}

................................................................................
** This function is called from both BtreeCommitPhaseTwo() and BtreeRollback()
** at the conclusion of a transaction.
*/
static void btreeEndTransaction(Btree *p){
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;
  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsMutex(p) );




  btreeClearHasContent(pBt);
  if( p->inTrans>TRANS_NONE && p->db->activeVdbeCnt>1 ){
    /* If there are other active statements that belong to this database
    ** handle, downgrade to a read-only transaction. The other statements
    ** may still be reading from the database.  */
    downgradeAllSharedCacheTableLocks(p);
    p->inTrans = TRANS_READ;
................................................................................
** been referenced and the calling routine is responsible for calling
** sqlite3PagerUnref() on the new page when it is done.
**
** SQLITE_OK is returned on success.  Any other return value indicates
** an error.  *ppPage and *pPgno are undefined in the event of an error.
** Do not invoke sqlite3PagerUnref() on *ppPage if an error is returned.
**
** If the "nearby" parameter is not 0, then a (feeble) effort is made to 
** locate a page close to the page number "nearby".  This can be used in an
** attempt to keep related pages close to each other in the database file,
** which in turn can make database access faster.
**
** If the "exact" parameter is not 0, and the page-number nearby exists 
** anywhere on the free-list, then it is guarenteed to be returned. This
** is only used by auto-vacuum databases when allocating a new table.


*/
static int allocateBtreePage(
  BtShared *pBt, 
  MemPage **ppPage, 
  Pgno *pPgno, 
  Pgno nearby,
  u8 exact


){
  MemPage *pPage1;
  int rc;
  u32 n;     /* Number of pages on the freelist */
  u32 k;     /* Number of leaves on the trunk of the freelist */
  MemPage *pTrunk = 0;
  MemPage *pPrevTrunk = 0;
  Pgno mxPage;     /* Total size of the database file */

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );

  pPage1 = pBt->pPage1;
  mxPage = btreePagecount(pBt);
  n = get4byte(&pPage1->aData[36]);
  testcase( n==mxPage-1 );
  if( n>=mxPage ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }
  if( n>0 ){
    /* There are pages on the freelist.  Reuse one of those pages. */
    Pgno iTrunk;
    u8 searchList = 0; /* If the free-list must be searched for 'nearby' */
    
    /* If the 'exact' parameter was true and a query of the pointer-map
    ** shows that the page 'nearby' is somewhere on the free-list, then
    ** the entire-list will be searched for that page.
    */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM

    if( exact && nearby<=mxPage ){
      u8 eType;
      assert( nearby>0 );
      assert( pBt->autoVacuum );
      rc = ptrmapGet(pBt, nearby, &eType, 0);
      if( rc ) return rc;
      if( eType==PTRMAP_FREEPAGE ){
        searchList = 1;
      }
      *pPgno = nearby;



    }
#endif

    /* Decrement the free-list count by 1. Set iTrunk to the index of the
    ** first free-list trunk page. iPrevTrunk is initially 1.
    */
    rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pPage1->pDbPage);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    put4byte(&pPage1->aData[36], n-1);

    /* The code within this loop is run only once if the 'searchList' variable
    ** is not true. Otherwise, it runs once for each trunk-page on the
    ** free-list until the page 'nearby' is located.

    */
    do {
      pPrevTrunk = pTrunk;
      if( pPrevTrunk ){
        iTrunk = get4byte(&pPrevTrunk->aData[0]);
      }else{
        iTrunk = get4byte(&pPage1->aData[32]);
................................................................................
        pTrunk = 0;
        TRACE(("ALLOCATE: %d trunk - %d free pages left\n", *pPgno, n-1));
      }else if( k>(u32)(pBt->usableSize/4 - 2) ){
        /* Value of k is out of range.  Database corruption */
        rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
        goto end_allocate_page;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
      }else if( searchList && nearby==iTrunk ){


        /* The list is being searched and this trunk page is the page
        ** to allocate, regardless of whether it has leaves.
        */
        assert( *pPgno==iTrunk );
        *ppPage = pTrunk;
        searchList = 0;
        rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pTrunk->pDbPage);
        if( rc ){
          goto end_allocate_page;
        }
        if( k==0 ){
................................................................................
      }else if( k>0 ){
        /* Extract a leaf from the trunk */
        u32 closest;
        Pgno iPage;
        unsigned char *aData = pTrunk->aData;
        if( nearby>0 ){
          u32 i;
          int dist;




          closest = 0;





          dist = sqlite3AbsInt32(get4byte(&aData[8]) - nearby);
          for(i=1; i<k; i++){
            int d2 = sqlite3AbsInt32(get4byte(&aData[8+i*4]) - nearby);
            if( d2<dist ){
              closest = i;
              dist = d2;

            }
          }
        }else{
          closest = 0;
        }

        iPage = get4byte(&aData[8+closest*4]);
        testcase( iPage==mxPage );
        if( iPage>mxPage ){
          rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
          goto end_allocate_page;
        }
        testcase( iPage==mxPage );
        if( !searchList || iPage==nearby ){


          int noContent;
          *pPgno = iPage;
          TRACE(("ALLOCATE: %d was leaf %d of %d on trunk %d"
                 ": %d more free pages\n",
                 *pPgno, closest+1, k, pTrunk->pgno, n-1));
          rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pTrunk->pDbPage);
          if( rc ) goto end_allocate_page;
................................................................................
          searchList = 0;
        }
      }
      releasePage(pPrevTrunk);
      pPrevTrunk = 0;
    }while( searchList );
  }else{
    /* There are no pages on the freelist, so create a new page at the
    ** end of the file */


















    rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pBt->pPage1->pDbPage);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    pBt->nPage++;
    if( pBt->nPage==PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt) ) pBt->nPage++;

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
    if( pBt->autoVacuum && PTRMAP_ISPAGE(pBt, pBt->nPage) ){
................................................................................
      /* If *pPgno refers to a pointer-map page, allocate two new pages
      ** at the end of the file instead of one. The first allocated page
      ** becomes a new pointer-map page, the second is used by the caller.
      */
      MemPage *pPg = 0;
      TRACE(("ALLOCATE: %d from end of file (pointer-map page)\n", pBt->nPage));
      assert( pBt->nPage!=PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt) );
      rc = btreeGetPage(pBt, pBt->nPage, &pPg, 1);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pPg->pDbPage);
        releasePage(pPg);
      }
      if( rc ) return rc;
      pBt->nPage++;
      if( pBt->nPage==PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt) ){ pBt->nPage++; }
    }
#endif
    put4byte(28 + (u8*)pBt->pPage1->aData, pBt->nPage);
    *pPgno = pBt->nPage;

    assert( *pPgno!=PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt) );
    rc = btreeGetPage(pBt, *pPgno, ppPage, 1);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    rc = sqlite3PagerWrite((*ppPage)->pDbPage);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      releasePage(*ppPage);
    }
    TRACE(("ALLOCATE: %d from end of file\n", *pPgno));
  }
................................................................................
    }
    assert( pgnoRoot>=3 );

    /* Allocate a page. The page that currently resides at pgnoRoot will
    ** be moved to the allocated page (unless the allocated page happens
    ** to reside at pgnoRoot).
    */
    rc = allocateBtreePage(pBt, &pPageMove, &pgnoMove, pgnoRoot, 1);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      return rc;
    }

    if( pgnoMove!=pgnoRoot ){
      /* pgnoRoot is the page that will be used for the root-page of
      ** the new table (assuming an error did not occur). But we were
................................................................................
  if( !sCheck.aPgRef ){
    *pnErr = 1;
    sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
    return 0;
  }
  i = PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt);
  if( i<=sCheck.nPage ) setPageReferenced(&sCheck, i);
  sqlite3StrAccumInit(&sCheck.errMsg, zErr, sizeof(zErr), 20000);
  sCheck.errMsg.useMalloc = 2;

  /* Check the integrity of the freelist
  */
  checkList(&sCheck, 1, get4byte(&pBt->pPage1->aData[32]),
            get4byte(&pBt->pPage1->aData[36]), "Main freelist: ");

................................................................................
}

/*
** Parameter zSrcData points to a buffer containing the data for 
** page iSrcPg from the source database. Copy this data into the 
** destination database.
*/
static int backupOnePage(sqlite3_backup *p, Pgno iSrcPg, const u8 *zSrcData){





  Pager * const pDestPager = sqlite3BtreePager(p->pDest);
  const int nSrcPgsz = sqlite3BtreeGetPageSize(p->pSrc);
  int nDestPgsz = sqlite3BtreeGetPageSize(p->pDest);
  const int nCopy = MIN(nSrcPgsz, nDestPgsz);
  const i64 iEnd = (i64)iSrcPg*(i64)nSrcPgsz;
#ifdef SQLITE_HAS_CODEC
  /* Use BtreeGetReserveNoMutex() for the source b-tree, as although it is
................................................................................
      ** and the pager code use this trick (clearing the first byte
      ** of the page 'extra' space to invalidate the Btree layers
      ** cached parse of the page). MemPage.isInit is marked 
      ** "MUST BE FIRST" for this purpose.
      */
      memcpy(zOut, zIn, nCopy);
      ((u8 *)sqlite3PagerGetExtra(pDestPg))[0] = 0;



    }
    sqlite3PagerUnref(pDestPg);
  }

  return rc;
}

................................................................................
    assert( nSrcPage>=0 );
    for(ii=0; (nPage<0 || ii<nPage) && p->iNext<=(Pgno)nSrcPage && !rc; ii++){
      const Pgno iSrcPg = p->iNext;                 /* Source page number */
      if( iSrcPg!=PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(p->pSrc->pBt) ){
        DbPage *pSrcPg;                             /* Source page object */
        rc = sqlite3PagerGet(pSrcPager, iSrcPg, &pSrcPg);
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          rc = backupOnePage(p, iSrcPg, sqlite3PagerGetData(pSrcPg));
          sqlite3PagerUnref(pSrcPg);
        }
      }
      p->iNext++;
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      p->nPagecount = nSrcPage;
................................................................................
          if( nDestTruncate==(int)PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(p->pDest->pBt) ){
            nDestTruncate--;
          }
        }else{
          nDestTruncate = nSrcPage * (pgszSrc/pgszDest);
        }
        assert( nDestTruncate>0 );
        sqlite3PagerTruncateImage(pDestPager, nDestTruncate);

        if( pgszSrc<pgszDest ){
          /* If the source page-size is smaller than the destination page-size,
          ** two extra things may need to happen:
          **
          **   * The destination may need to be truncated, and
          **
          **   * Data stored on the pages immediately following the 
          **     pending-byte page in the source database may need to be
          **     copied into the destination database.
          */
          const i64 iSize = (i64)pgszSrc * (i64)nSrcPage;
          sqlite3_file * const pFile = sqlite3PagerFile(pDestPager);


          i64 iOff;
          i64 iEnd;

          assert( pFile );
          assert( nDestTruncate==0 
              || (i64)nDestTruncate*(i64)pgszDest >= iSize || (
                nDestTruncate==(int)(PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(p->pDest->pBt)-1)
             && iSize>=PENDING_BYTE && iSize<=PENDING_BYTE+pgszDest
          ));

          /* This call ensures that all data required to recreate the original
          ** database has been stored in the journal for pDestPager and the
          ** journal synced to disk. So at this point we may safely modify
          ** the database file in any way, knowing that if a power failure
          ** occurs, the original database will be reconstructed from the 
          ** journal file.  */












          rc = sqlite3PagerCommitPhaseOne(pDestPager, 0, 1);


          /* Write the extra pages and truncate the database file as required */
          iEnd = MIN(PENDING_BYTE + pgszDest, iSize);
          for(
            iOff=PENDING_BYTE+pgszSrc; 
            rc==SQLITE_OK && iOff<iEnd; 
            iOff+=pgszSrc
................................................................................
          }

          /* Sync the database file to disk. */
          if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
            rc = sqlite3PagerSync(pDestPager);
          }
        }else{

          rc = sqlite3PagerCommitPhaseOne(pDestPager, 0, 0);
        }
    
        /* Finish committing the transaction to the destination database. */
        if( SQLITE_OK==rc
         && SQLITE_OK==(rc = sqlite3BtreeCommitPhaseTwo(p->pDest, 0))
        ){
................................................................................
      /* The backup process p has already copied page iPage. But now it
      ** has been modified by a transaction on the source pager. Copy
      ** the new data into the backup.
      */
      int rc;
      assert( p->pDestDb );
      sqlite3_mutex_enter(p->pDestDb->mutex);
      rc = backupOnePage(p, iPage, aData);
      sqlite3_mutex_leave(p->pDestDb->mutex);
      assert( rc!=SQLITE_BUSY && rc!=SQLITE_LOCKED );
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        p->rc = rc;
      }
    }
  }
................................................................................
** routine is a no-op.
**
** SQLITE_OK is returned if the conversion is successful (or not required).
** SQLITE_NOMEM may be returned if a malloc() fails during conversion
** between formats.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeChangeEncoding(Mem *pMem, int desiredEnc){

  int rc;

  assert( (pMem->flags&MEM_RowSet)==0 );
  assert( desiredEnc==SQLITE_UTF8 || desiredEnc==SQLITE_UTF16LE
           || desiredEnc==SQLITE_UTF16BE );
  if( !(pMem->flags&MEM_Str) || pMem->enc==desiredEnc ){
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  assert( pMem->db==0 || sqlite3_mutex_held(pMem->db->mutex) );
................................................................................
*************************************************************************
** This file contains code used for creating, destroying, and populating
** a VDBE (or an "sqlite3_stmt" as it is known to the outside world.)  Prior
** to version 2.8.7, all this code was combined into the vdbe.c source file.
** But that file was getting too big so this subroutines were split out.
*/



/*
** When debugging the code generator in a symbolic debugger, one can
** set the sqlite3VdbeAddopTrace to 1 and all opcodes will be printed
** as they are added to the instruction stream.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddopTrace = 0;
#endif


/*
** Create a new virtual database engine.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE Vdbe *sqlite3VdbeCreate(sqlite3 *db){
  Vdbe *p;
  p = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(Vdbe) );
  if( p==0 ) return 0;
................................................................................
  pOp->p1 = p1;
  pOp->p2 = p2;
  pOp->p3 = p3;
  pOp->p4.p = 0;
  pOp->p4type = P4_NOTUSED;
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  pOp->zComment = 0;

  if( sqlite3VdbeAddopTrace ) sqlite3VdbePrintOp(0, i, &p->aOp[i]);

#endif
#ifdef VDBE_PROFILE
  pOp->cycles = 0;
  pOp->cnt = 0;
#endif
  return i;
}
................................................................................
  while( (pOp = opIterNext(&sIter))!=0 ){
    int opcode = pOp->opcode;
    if( opcode==OP_Destroy || opcode==OP_VUpdate || opcode==OP_VRename 
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY
     || (opcode==OP_FkCounter && pOp->p1==0 && pOp->p2==1) 
#endif
     || ((opcode==OP_Halt || opcode==OP_HaltIfNull) 
      && (pOp->p1==SQLITE_CONSTRAINT && pOp->p2==OE_Abort))
    ){
      hasAbort = 1;
      break;
    }
  }
  sqlite3DbFree(v->db, sIter.apSub);

................................................................................
      }
      pOut->p3 = pIn->p3;
      pOut->p4type = P4_NOTUSED;
      pOut->p4.p = 0;
      pOut->p5 = 0;
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
      pOut->zComment = 0;
      if( sqlite3VdbeAddopTrace ){
        sqlite3VdbePrintOp(0, i+addr, &p->aOp[i+addr]);
      }
#endif
    }
    p->nOp += nOp;
  }
  return addr;
................................................................................
    if( nByte ){
      p->pFree = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, nByte);
    }
    zCsr = p->pFree;
    zEnd = &zCsr[nByte];
  }while( nByte && !db->mallocFailed );

  p->nCursor = (u16)nCursor;
  p->nOnceFlag = nOnce;
  if( p->aVar ){
    p->nVar = (ynVar)nVar;
    for(n=0; n<nVar; n++){
      p->aVar[n].flags = MEM_Null;
      p->aVar[n].db = db;
    }
................................................................................
    return rc;
  }

  /* If there are any write-transactions at all, invoke the commit hook */
  if( needXcommit && db->xCommitCallback ){
    rc = db->xCommitCallback(db->pCommitArg);
    if( rc ){
      return SQLITE_CONSTRAINT;
    }
  }

  /* The simple case - no more than one database file (not counting the
  ** TEMP database) has a transaction active.   There is no need for the
  ** master-journal.
  **
................................................................................
/*
** This function is called when a transaction opened by the database 
** handle associated with the VM passed as an argument is about to be 
** committed. If there are outstanding deferred foreign key constraint
** violations, return SQLITE_ERROR. Otherwise, SQLITE_OK.
**
** If there are outstanding FK violations and this function returns 
** SQLITE_ERROR, set the result of the VM to SQLITE_CONSTRAINT and write
** an error message to it. Then return SQLITE_ERROR.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeCheckFk(Vdbe *p, int deferred){
  sqlite3 *db = p->db;
  if( (deferred && db->nDeferredCons>0) || (!deferred && p->nFkConstraint>0) ){
    p->rc = SQLITE_CONSTRAINT;
    p->errorAction = OE_Abort;
    sqlite3SetString(&p->zErrMsg, db, "foreign key constraint failed");
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
#endif
................................................................................
      if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK || (p->errorAction==OE_Fail && !isSpecialError) ){
        rc = sqlite3VdbeCheckFk(p, 1);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
          if( NEVER(p->readOnly) ){
            sqlite3VdbeLeave(p);
            return SQLITE_ERROR;
          }
          rc = SQLITE_CONSTRAINT;
        }else{ 
          /* The auto-commit flag is true, the vdbe program was successful 
          ** or hit an 'OR FAIL' constraint and there are no deferred foreign
          ** key constraints to hold up the transaction. This means a commit 
          ** is required. */
          rc = vdbeCommit(db, p);
        }
................................................................................
    ** do so. If this operation returns an error, and the current statement
    ** error code is SQLITE_OK or SQLITE_CONSTRAINT, then promote the
    ** current statement error code.
    */
    if( eStatementOp ){
      rc = sqlite3VdbeCloseStatement(p, eStatementOp);
      if( rc ){
        if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK || p->rc==SQLITE_CONSTRAINT ){
          p->rc = rc;
          sqlite3DbFree(db, p->zErrMsg);
          p->zErrMsg = 0;
        }
        sqlite3RollbackAll(db, SQLITE_ABORT_ROLLBACK);
        sqlite3CloseSavepoints(db);
        db->autoCommit = 1;
................................................................................
  for(i=p->nzVar-1; i>=0; i--) sqlite3DbFree(db, p->azVar[i]);
  vdbeFreeOpArray(db, p->aOp, p->nOp);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p->aLabel);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p->aColName);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p->zSql);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p->pFree);
#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_TREE_EXPLAIN)
  sqlite3_free(p->zExplain);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p->pExplain);
#endif
}

/*
** Delete an entire VDBE.
*/
................................................................................
  int i;
  if( p==0 ){
    return 0;
  }
  if( zName ){
    for(i=0; i<p->nzVar; i++){
      const char *z = p->azVar[i];
      if( z && memcmp(z,zName,nName)==0 && z[nName]==0 ){
        return i+1;
      }
    }
  }
  return 0;
}
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_parameter_index(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt, const char *zName){
................................................................................
    sqlite3_log(pOp->p1, "constraint failed at %d in [%s]", pc, p->zSql);
  }
  rc = sqlite3VdbeHalt(p);
  assert( rc==SQLITE_BUSY || rc==SQLITE_OK || rc==SQLITE_ERROR );
  if( rc==SQLITE_BUSY ){
    p->rc = rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
  }else{
    assert( rc==SQLITE_OK || p->rc==SQLITE_CONSTRAINT );
    assert( rc==SQLITE_OK || db->nDeferredCons>0 );
    rc = p->rc ? SQLITE_ERROR : SQLITE_DONE;
  }
  goto vdbe_return;
}

/* Opcode: Integer P1 P2 * * *
................................................................................
    rc = u.cr.pModule->xUpdate(u.cr.pVtab, u.cr.nArg, u.cr.apArg, &u.cr.rowid);
    db->vtabOnConflict = vtabOnConflict;
    importVtabErrMsg(p, u.cr.pVtab);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pOp->p1 ){
      assert( u.cr.nArg>1 && u.cr.apArg[0] && (u.cr.apArg[0]->flags&MEM_Null) );
      db->lastRowid = lastRowid = u.cr.rowid;
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_CONSTRAINT && pOp->p4.pVtab->bConstraint ){
      if( pOp->p5==OE_Ignore ){
        rc = SQLITE_OK;
      }else{
        p->errorAction = ((pOp->p5==OE_Replace) ? OE_Abort : pOp->p5);
      }
    }else{
      p->nChange++;
................................................................................
    rc = sqlite3OsOpen(p->pVfs, p->zJournal, pReal, p->flags, 0);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      p->pReal = pReal;
      if( p->iSize>0 ){
        assert(p->iSize<=p->nBuf);
        rc = sqlite3OsWrite(p->pReal, p->zBuf, p->iSize, 0);
      }








    }
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Close the file.
................................................................................
    for(k=0; k<pUsing->nId; k++){
      if( sqlite3StrICmp(pUsing->a[k].zName, zCol)==0 ) return 1;
    }
  }
  return 0;
}































/*
** Given the name of a column of the form X.Y.Z or Y.Z or just Z, look up
** that name in the set of source tables in pSrcList and make the pExpr 
** expression node refer back to that source column.  The following changes
** are made to pExpr:
**
................................................................................
  assert( zCol );    /* The Z in X.Y.Z cannot be NULL */
  assert( !ExprHasAnyProperty(pExpr, EP_TokenOnly|EP_Reduced) );

  /* Initialize the node to no-match */
  pExpr->iTable = -1;
  pExpr->pTab = 0;
  ExprSetIrreducible(pExpr);















  /* Start at the inner-most context and move outward until a match is found */
  while( pNC && cnt==0 ){
    ExprList *pEList;
    SrcList *pSrcList = pNC->pSrcList;

    if( pSrcList ){
      for(i=0, pItem=pSrcList->a; i<pSrcList->nSrc; i++, pItem++){
        Table *pTab;
        int iDb;
        Column *pCol;
  
        pTab = pItem->pTab;
        assert( pTab!=0 && pTab->zName!=0 );
        iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pTab->pSchema);
        assert( pTab->nCol>0 );

        if( zTab ){
          if( pItem->zAlias ){
            char *zTabName = pItem->zAlias;
            if( sqlite3StrICmp(zTabName, zTab)!=0 ) continue;
          }else{

            char *zTabName = pTab->zName;
            if( NEVER(zTabName==0) || sqlite3StrICmp(zTabName, zTab)!=0 ){




              continue;
            }
            if( zDb!=0 && sqlite3StrICmp(db->aDb[iDb].zName, zDb)!=0 ){

              continue;
            }





          }
        }
        if( 0==(cntTab++) ){
          pExpr->iTable = pItem->iCursor;
          pExpr->pTab = pTab;
          pSchema = pTab->pSchema;
          pMatch = pItem;
        }
        for(j=0, pCol=pTab->aCol; j<pTab->nCol; j++, pCol++){
          if( sqlite3StrICmp(pCol->zName, zCol)==0 ){
            /* If there has been exactly one prior match and this match
            ** is for the right-hand table of a NATURAL JOIN or is in a 
            ** USING clause, then skip this match.
            */
            if( cnt==1 ){
              if( pItem->jointype & JT_NATURAL ) continue;
              if( nameInUsingClause(pItem->pUsing, zCol) ) continue;
            }
            cnt++;
            pExpr->iTable = pItem->iCursor;
            pExpr->pTab = pTab;
            pMatch = pItem;
            pSchema = pTab->pSchema;
            /* Substitute the rowid (column -1) for the INTEGER PRIMARY KEY */
            pExpr->iColumn = j==pTab->iPKey ? -1 : (i16)j;
            break;
          }
        }
      }




    }


#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
    /* If we have not already resolved the name, then maybe 
    ** it is a new.* or old.* trigger argument reference
    */
    if( zDb==0 && zTab!=0 && cnt==0 && pParse->pTriggerTab!=0 ){
      int op = pParse->eTriggerOp;
................................................................................
        }
      }
#endif
      if( is_agg && (pNC->ncFlags & NC_AllowAgg)==0 ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "misuse of aggregate function %.*s()", nId,zId);
        pNC->nErr++;
        is_agg = 0;
      }else if( no_such_func ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "no such function: %.*s", nId, zId);
        pNC->nErr++;
      }else if( wrong_num_args ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse,"wrong number of arguments to function %.*s()",
             nId, zId);
        pNC->nErr++;
      }
................................................................................
    memset(&sNC, 0, sizeof(sNC));
    sNC.pParse = pParse;
    if( sqlite3ResolveExprNames(&sNC, p->pLimit) ||
        sqlite3ResolveExprNames(&sNC, p->pOffset) ){
      return WRC_Abort;
    }
  
    /* Set up the local name-context to pass to sqlite3ResolveExprNames() to
    ** resolve the result-set expression list.
    */
    sNC.ncFlags = NC_AllowAgg;
    sNC.pSrcList = p->pSrc;
    sNC.pNext = pOuterNC;
  
    /* Resolve names in the result set. */
    pEList = p->pEList;
    assert( pEList!=0 );
    for(i=0; i<pEList->nExpr; i++){
      Expr *pX = pEList->a[i].pExpr;
      if( sqlite3ResolveExprNames(&sNC, pX) ){
        return WRC_Abort;
      }
    }
  
    /* Recursively resolve names in all subqueries
    */
    for(i=0; i<p->pSrc->nSrc; i++){
      struct SrcList_item *pItem = &p->pSrc->a[i];
      if( pItem->pSelect ){
        NameContext *pNC;         /* Used to iterate name contexts */
        int nRef = 0;             /* Refcount for pOuterNC and outer contexts */
................................................................................
        if( pParse->nErr || db->mallocFailed ) return WRC_Abort;

        for(pNC=pOuterNC; pNC; pNC=pNC->pNext) nRef -= pNC->nRef;
        assert( pItem->isCorrelated==0 && nRef<=0 );
        pItem->isCorrelated = (nRef!=0);
      }
    }

















  
    /* If there are no aggregate functions in the result-set, and no GROUP BY 
    ** expression, do not allow aggregates in any of the other expressions.
    */
    assert( (p->selFlags & SF_Aggregate)==0 );
    pGroupBy = p->pGroupBy;
    if( pGroupBy || (sNC.ncFlags & NC_HasAgg)!=0 ){
................................................................................
    }else{
      /* Wildcards like ":aaa", "$aaa" or "@aaa".  Reuse the same variable
      ** number as the prior appearance of the same name, or if the name
      ** has never appeared before, reuse the same variable number
      */
      ynVar i;
      for(i=0; i<pParse->nzVar; i++){
        if( pParse->azVar[i] && memcmp(pParse->azVar[i],z,n+1)==0 ){
          pExpr->iColumn = x = (ynVar)i+1;
          break;
        }
      }
      if( x==0 ) x = pExpr->iColumn = (ynVar)(++pParse->nVar);
    }
    if( x>0 ){
................................................................................
        sqlite3MayAbort(pParse);
      }
      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) );
      if( pExpr->affinity==OE_Ignore ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(
            v, OP_Halt, SQLITE_OK, OE_Ignore, 0, pExpr->u.zToken,0);
      }else{

        sqlite3HaltConstraint(pParse, pExpr->affinity, pExpr->u.zToken, 0);
      }

      break;
    }
#endif
  }
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regFree1);
................................................................................
  }else{
    sqlite3ExplainPush(pOut);
    for(i=0; i<pList->nExpr; i++){
      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, "item[%d] = ", i);
      sqlite3ExplainPush(pOut);
      sqlite3ExplainExpr(pOut, pList->a[i].pExpr);
      sqlite3ExplainPop(pOut);






      if( i<pList->nExpr-1 ){
        sqlite3ExplainNL(pOut);
      }
    }
    sqlite3ExplainPop(pOut);
  }
}
................................................................................
  if( v==0 || NEVER(pTab==0) ){
    return;
  }
  if( pTab->tnum==0 ){
    /* Do not gather statistics on views or virtual tables */
    return;
  }
  if( memcmp(pTab->zName, "sqlite_", 7)==0 ){
    /* Do not gather statistics on system tables */
    return;
  }
  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsAllMutexes(db) );
  iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pTab->pSchema);
  assert( iDb>=0 );
  assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, iDb, 0) );
................................................................................
      v = v*10 + c - '0';
      z++;
    }
    if( i==0 ) pTable->nRowEst = v;
    if( pIndex==0 ) break;
    pIndex->aiRowEst[i] = v;
    if( *z==' ' ) z++;
    if( memcmp(z, "unordered", 10)==0 ){
      pIndex->bUnordered = 1;
      break;
    }
  }
  return 0;
}

................................................................................
  sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr1);
  addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SorterSort, iSorter, 0);
  if( pIndex->onError!=OE_None ){
    int j2 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v) + 3;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, j2);
    addr2 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_SorterCompare, iSorter, j2, regRecord);
    sqlite3HaltConstraint(
        pParse, OE_Abort, "indexed columns are not unique", P4_STATIC
    );
  }else{
    addr2 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
  }
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SorterData, iSorter, regRecord);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_IdxInsert, iIdx, regRecord, 1);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT);
................................................................................
    ** (made available to the compiler for reuse) using 
    ** sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(). So in some ways having the OP_IsUnique
    ** opcode use the values stored within seems dangerous. However, since
    ** we can be sure that no other temp registers have been allocated
    ** since sqlite3ReleaseTempRange() was called, it is safe to do so.
    */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_IsUnique, iIdx, j2, regRowid, pRegKey, P4_INT32);
    sqlite3HaltConstraint(
        pParse, OE_Abort, "indexed columns are not unique", P4_STATIC);
  }
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_IdxInsert, iIdx, regRecord, 0);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT);
#endif
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regRecord);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SorterNext, iSorter, addr2);
  sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr1);
................................................................................
    iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pTab->pSchema);
  }
  pDb = &db->aDb[iDb];

  assert( pTab!=0 );
  assert( pParse->nErr==0 );
  if( sqlite3StrNICmp(pTab->zName, "sqlite_", 7)==0 
       && memcmp(&pTab->zName[7],"altertab_",9)!=0 ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "table %s may not be indexed", pTab->zName);
    goto exit_create_index;
  }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW
  if( pTab->pSelect ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "views may not be indexed");
    goto exit_create_index;
................................................................................
}

/*
** Code an OP_Halt that causes the vdbe to return an SQLITE_CONSTRAINT
** error. The onError parameter determines which (if any) of the statement
** and/or current transaction is rolled back.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3HaltConstraint(Parse *pParse, int onError, char *p4, int p4type){






  Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);

  if( onError==OE_Abort ){
    sqlite3MayAbort(pParse);
  }
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Halt, SQLITE_CONSTRAINT, onError, 0, p4, p4type);
}

/*
** Check to see if pIndex uses the collating sequence pColl.  Return
** true if it does and false if it does not.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_REINDEX
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3MaterializeView(
  Parse *pParse,       /* Parsing context */
  Table *pView,        /* View definition */
  Expr *pWhere,        /* Optional WHERE clause to be added */
  int iCur             /* Cursor number for ephemerial table */
){
  SelectDest dest;
  Select *pDup;

  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;

  pDup = sqlite3SelectDup(db, pView->pSelect, 0);
  if( pWhere ){
    SrcList *pFrom;
    
    pWhere = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pWhere, 0);
    pFrom = sqlite3SrcListAppend(db, 0, 0, 0);

    if( pFrom ){
      assert( pFrom->nSrc==1 );
      pFrom->a[0].zAlias = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pView->zName);
      pFrom->a[0].pSelect = pDup;

      assert( pFrom->a[0].pOn==0 );
      assert( pFrom->a[0].pUsing==0 );
    }else{
      sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pDup);
    }

    pDup = sqlite3SelectNew(pParse, 0, pFrom, pWhere, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0);
    if( pDup ) pDup->selFlags |= SF_Materialize;
  }
  sqlite3SelectDestInit(&dest, SRT_EphemTab, iCur);
  sqlite3Select(pParse, pDup, &dest);
  sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pDup);
}
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER) */

#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_UPDATE_DELETE_LIMIT) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY)
/*
** Generate an expression tree to implement the WHERE, ORDER BY,
** and LIMIT/OFFSET portion of DELETE and UPDATE statements.
................................................................................
    default: {
      assert( sqlite3_value_type(argv[0])==SQLITE_NULL );
      sqlite3_result_text(context, "NULL", 4, SQLITE_STATIC);
      break;
    }
  }
}

























































/*
** The hex() function.  Interpret the argument as a blob.  Return
** a hexadecimal rendering as text.
*/
static void hexFunc(
  sqlite3_context *context,
................................................................................
    FUNCTION(max,                0, 1, 1, 0                ),
    AGGREGATE(max,               1, 1, 1, minmaxStep,      minMaxFinalize ),
    FUNCTION2(typeof,            1, 0, 0, typeofFunc,  SQLITE_FUNC_TYPEOF),
    FUNCTION2(length,            1, 0, 0, lengthFunc,  SQLITE_FUNC_LENGTH),
    FUNCTION(instr,              2, 0, 0, instrFunc        ),
    FUNCTION(substr,             2, 0, 0, substrFunc       ),
    FUNCTION(substr,             3, 0, 0, substrFunc       ),


    FUNCTION(abs,                1, 0, 0, absFunc          ),
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
    FUNCTION(round,              1, 0, 0, roundFunc        ),
    FUNCTION(round,              2, 0, 0, roundFunc        ),
#endif
    FUNCTION(upper,              1, 0, 0, upperFunc        ),
    FUNCTION(lower,              1, 0, 0, lowerFunc        ),
................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER

/*
** Deferred and Immediate FKs
** --------------------------
**
** Foreign keys in SQLite come in two flavours: deferred and immediate.
** If an immediate foreign key constraint is violated, SQLITE_CONSTRAINT

** is returned and the current statement transaction rolled back. If a 
** deferred foreign key constraint is violated, no action is taken 
** immediately. However if the application attempts to commit the 
** transaction before fixing the constraint violation, the attempt fails.
**
** Deferred constraints are implemented using a simple counter associated
** with the database handle. The counter is set to zero each time a 
** database transaction is opened. Each time a statement is executed 
................................................................................
** If a delete caused by OR REPLACE violates an FK constraint, an exception
** is thrown, even if the FK constraint would be satisfied after the new 
** row is inserted.
**
** Immediate constraints are usually handled similarly. The only difference 
** is that the counter used is stored as part of each individual statement
** object (struct Vdbe). If, after the statement has run, its immediate
** constraint counter is greater than zero, it returns SQLITE_CONSTRAINT

** and the statement transaction is rolled back. An exception is an INSERT
** statement that inserts a single row only (no triggers). In this case,
** instead of using a counter, an exception is thrown immediately if the
** INSERT violates a foreign key constraint. This is necessary as such
** an INSERT does not open a statement transaction.
**
** TODO: How should dropping a table be handled? How should renaming a 
................................................................................
**   Register (x+3):      3.1  (type real)
*/

/*
** A foreign key constraint requires that the key columns in the parent
** table are collectively subject to a UNIQUE or PRIMARY KEY constraint.
** Given that pParent is the parent table for foreign key constraint pFKey, 
** search the schema a unique index on the parent key columns. 
**
** If successful, zero is returned. If the parent key is an INTEGER PRIMARY 
** KEY column, then output variable *ppIdx is set to NULL. Otherwise, *ppIdx 
** is set to point to the unique index. 
** 
** If the parent key consists of a single column (the foreign key constraint
** is not a composite foreign key), output variable *paiCol is set to NULL.
................................................................................
**      consists of a a different number of columns to the child key in 
**      the child table.
**
** then non-zero is returned, and a "foreign key mismatch" error loaded
** into pParse. If an OOM error occurs, non-zero is returned and the
** pParse->db->mallocFailed flag is set.
*/
static int locateFkeyIndex(
  Parse *pParse,                  /* Parse context to store any error in */
  Table *pParent,                 /* Parent table of FK constraint pFKey */
  FKey *pFKey,                    /* Foreign key to find index for */
  Index **ppIdx,                  /* OUT: Unique index on parent table */
  int **paiCol                    /* OUT: Map of index columns in pFKey */
){
  Index *pIdx = 0;                    /* Value to return via *ppIdx */
................................................................................
        if( i==nCol ) break;      /* pIdx is usable */
      }
    }
  }

  if( !pIdx ){
    if( !pParse->disableTriggers ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "foreign key mismatch");


    }
    sqlite3DbFree(pParse->db, aiCol);
    return 1;
  }

  *ppIdx = pIdx;
  return 0;
................................................................................

  if( !pFKey->isDeferred && !pParse->pToplevel && !pParse->isMultiWrite ){
    /* Special case: If this is an INSERT statement that will insert exactly
    ** one row into the table, raise a constraint immediately instead of
    ** incrementing a counter. This is necessary as the VM code is being
    ** generated for will not open a statement transaction.  */
    assert( nIncr==1 );
    sqlite3HaltConstraint(
        pParse, OE_Abort, "foreign key constraint failed", P4_STATIC
    );
  }else{
    if( nIncr>0 && pFKey->isDeferred==0 ){
      sqlite3ParseToplevel(pParse)->mayAbort = 1;
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_FkCounter, pFKey->isDeferred, nIncr);
  }
................................................................................
    pParse->disableTriggers = 0;

    /* If the DELETE has generated immediate foreign key constraint 
    ** violations, halt the VDBE and return an error at this point, before
    ** any modifications to the schema are made. This is because statement
    ** transactions are not able to rollback schema changes.  */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_FkIfZero, 0, sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)+2);
    sqlite3HaltConstraint(
        pParse, OE_Abort, "foreign key constraint failed", P4_STATIC
    );

    if( iSkip ){
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iSkip);
    }
  }
}
................................................................................
    ** schema items cannot be located, set an error in pParse and return 
    ** early.  */
    if( pParse->disableTriggers ){
      pTo = sqlite3FindTable(db, pFKey->zTo, zDb);
    }else{
      pTo = sqlite3LocateTable(pParse, 0, pFKey->zTo, zDb);
    }
    if( !pTo || locateFkeyIndex(pParse, pTo, pFKey, &pIdx, &aiFree) ){
      assert( isIgnoreErrors==0 || (regOld!=0 && regNew==0) );
      if( !isIgnoreErrors || db->mallocFailed ) return;
      if( pTo==0 ){
        /* If isIgnoreErrors is true, then a table is being dropped. In this
        ** case SQLite runs a "DELETE FROM xxx" on the table being dropped
        ** before actually dropping it in order to check FK constraints.
        ** If the parent table of an FK constraint on the current table is
................................................................................
    if( !pFKey->isDeferred && !pParse->pToplevel && !pParse->isMultiWrite ){
      assert( regOld==0 && regNew!=0 );
      /* Inserting a single row into a parent table cannot cause an immediate
      ** foreign key violation. So do nothing in this case.  */
      continue;
    }

    if( locateFkeyIndex(pParse, pTab, pFKey, &pIdx, &aiCol) ){
      if( !isIgnoreErrors || db->mallocFailed ) return;
      continue;
    }
    assert( aiCol || pFKey->nCol==1 );

    /* Create a SrcList structure containing a single table (the table 
    ** the foreign key that refers to this table is attached to). This
................................................................................
    FKey *p;
    int i;
    for(p=pTab->pFKey; p; p=p->pNextFrom){
      for(i=0; i<p->nCol; i++) mask |= COLUMN_MASK(p->aCol[i].iFrom);
    }
    for(p=sqlite3FkReferences(pTab); p; p=p->pNextTo){
      Index *pIdx = 0;
      locateFkeyIndex(pParse, pTab, p, &pIdx, 0);
      if( pIdx ){
        for(i=0; i<pIdx->nColumn; i++) mask |= COLUMN_MASK(pIdx->aiColumn[i]);
      }
    }
  }
  return mask;
}
................................................................................
    TriggerStep *pStep = 0;        /* First (only) step of trigger program */
    Expr *pWhere = 0;             /* WHERE clause of trigger step */
    ExprList *pList = 0;          /* Changes list if ON UPDATE CASCADE */
    Select *pSelect = 0;          /* If RESTRICT, "SELECT RAISE(...)" */
    int i;                        /* Iterator variable */
    Expr *pWhen = 0;              /* WHEN clause for the trigger */

    if( locateFkeyIndex(pParse, pTab, pFKey, &pIdx, &aiCol) ) return 0;
    assert( aiCol || pFKey->nCol==1 );

    for(i=0; i<pFKey->nCol; i++){
      Token tOld = { "old", 3 };  /* Literal "old" token */
      Token tNew = { "new", 3 };  /* Literal "new" token */
      Token tFromCol;             /* Name of column in child table */
      Token tToCol;               /* Name of column in parent table */
................................................................................
    switch( onError ){
      case OE_Abort:
        sqlite3MayAbort(pParse);
      case OE_Rollback:
      case OE_Fail: {
        char *zMsg;
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_HaltIfNull,
                                  SQLITE_CONSTRAINT, onError, regData+i);
        zMsg = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%s.%s may not be NULL",
                              pTab->zName, pTab->aCol[i].zName);
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, zMsg, P4_DYNAMIC);
        break;
      }
      case OE_Ignore: {
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, regData+i, ignoreDest);
................................................................................
        char *zConsName = pCheck->a[i].zName;
        if( onError==OE_Replace ) onError = OE_Abort; /* IMP: R-15569-63625 */
        if( zConsName ){
          zConsName = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "constraint %s failed", zConsName);
        }else{
          zConsName = 0;
        }

        sqlite3HaltConstraint(pParse, onError, zConsName, P4_DYNAMIC);
      }
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, allOk);
    }
  }
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK) */

  /* If we have an INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, make sure the primary key
................................................................................
      default: {
        onError = OE_Abort;
        /* Fall thru into the next case */
      }
      case OE_Rollback:
      case OE_Abort:
      case OE_Fail: {
        sqlite3HaltConstraint(
          pParse, onError, "PRIMARY KEY must be unique", P4_STATIC);
        break;
      }
      case OE_Replace: {
        /* If there are DELETE triggers on this table and the
        ** recursive-triggers flag is set, call GenerateRowDelete() to
        ** remove the conflicting row from the table. This will fire
        ** the triggers and remove both the table and index b-tree entries.
................................................................................
          sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&errMsg, zSep, -1);
          zSep = ", ";
          sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&errMsg, zCol, -1);
        }
        sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&errMsg,
            pIdx->nColumn>1 ? " are not unique" : " is not unique", -1);
        zErr = sqlite3StrAccumFinish(&errMsg);
        sqlite3HaltConstraint(pParse, onError, zErr, 0);

        sqlite3DbFree(errMsg.db, zErr);
        break;
      }
      case OE_Ignore: {
        assert( seenReplace==0 );
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, ignoreDest);
        break;
................................................................................
  sqlite3OpenTable(pParse, iSrc, iDbSrc, pSrc, OP_OpenRead);
  emptySrcTest = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iSrc, 0);
  regData = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
  regRowid = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
  if( pDest->iPKey>=0 ){
    addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rowid, iSrc, regRowid);
    addr2 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, iDest, 0, regRowid);
    sqlite3HaltConstraint(
        pParse, onError, "PRIMARY KEY must be unique", P4_STATIC);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr2);
    autoIncStep(pParse, regAutoinc, regRowid);
  }else if( pDest->pIndex==0 ){
    addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, iDest, regRowid);
  }else{
    addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rowid, iSrc, regRowid);
    assert( (pDest->tabFlags & TF_Autoincrement)==0 );
................................................................................
  int (*unlock_notify)(sqlite3*,void(*)(void**,int),void*);
  int (*wal_autocheckpoint)(sqlite3*,int);
  int (*wal_checkpoint)(sqlite3*,const char*);
  void *(*wal_hook)(sqlite3*,int(*)(void*,sqlite3*,const char*,int),void*);
  int (*blob_reopen)(sqlite3_blob*,sqlite3_int64);
  int (*vtab_config)(sqlite3*,int op,...);
  int (*vtab_on_conflict)(sqlite3*);














};

/*
** The following macros redefine the API routines so that they are
** redirected throught the global sqlite3_api structure.
**
** This header file is also used by the loadext.c source file
................................................................................
#define sqlite3_unlock_notify          sqlite3_api->unlock_notify
#define sqlite3_wal_autocheckpoint     sqlite3_api->wal_autocheckpoint
#define sqlite3_wal_checkpoint         sqlite3_api->wal_checkpoint
#define sqlite3_wal_hook               sqlite3_api->wal_hook
#define sqlite3_blob_reopen            sqlite3_api->blob_reopen
#define sqlite3_vtab_config            sqlite3_api->vtab_config
#define sqlite3_vtab_on_conflict       sqlite3_api->vtab_on_conflict














#endif /* SQLITE_CORE */

#define SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT1     const sqlite3_api_routines *sqlite3_api = 0;
#define SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT2(v)  sqlite3_api = v;

#endif /* _SQLITE3EXT_H_ */

................................................................................
  0,
  0,
  0,
#endif
  sqlite3_blob_reopen,
  sqlite3_vtab_config,
  sqlite3_vtab_on_conflict,













};

/*
** Attempt to load an SQLite extension library contained in the file
** zFile.  The entry point is zProc.  zProc may be 0 in which case a
** default entry point name (sqlite3_extension_init) is used.  Use
** of the default name is recommended.
................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOMATIC_INDEX
    { "automatic_index",          SQLITE_AutoIndex     },
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    { "sql_trace",                SQLITE_SqlTrace      },
    { "vdbe_listing",             SQLITE_VdbeListing   },
    { "vdbe_trace",               SQLITE_VdbeTrace     },



#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK
    { "ignore_check_constraints", SQLITE_IgnoreChecks  },
#endif
    /* The following is VERY experimental */
    { "writable_schema",          SQLITE_WriteSchema|SQLITE_RecoveryMode },

................................................................................
  ** dflt_value: The default value for the column, if any.
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "table_info")==0 && zRight ){
    Table *pTab;
    if( sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ) goto pragma_out;
    pTab = sqlite3FindTable(db, zRight, zDb);
    if( pTab ){
      int i;
      int nHidden = 0;
      Column *pCol;


      sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 6);
      pParse->nMem = 6;

      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "cid", SQLITE_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 1, COLNAME_NAME, "name", SQLITE_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 2, COLNAME_NAME, "type", SQLITE_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 3, COLNAME_NAME, "notnull", SQLITE_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 4, COLNAME_NAME, "dflt_value", SQLITE_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 5, COLNAME_NAME, "pk", SQLITE_STATIC);
      sqlite3ViewGetColumnNames(pParse, pTab);
................................................................................
           pCol->zType ? pCol->zType : "", 0);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, (pCol->notNull ? 1 : 0), 4);
        if( pCol->zDflt ){
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 5, 0, (char*)pCol->zDflt, 0);
        }else{
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, 5);
        }







        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer,
                            (pCol->colFlags&COLFLAG_PRIMKEY)!=0, 6);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 6);
      }
    }
  }else

  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "index_info")==0 && zRight ){
    Index *pIdx;
................................................................................
    if( sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ) goto pragma_out;
    pIdx = sqlite3FindIndex(db, zRight, zDb);
    if( pIdx ){
      int i;
      pTab = pIdx->pTable;
      sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 3);
      pParse->nMem = 3;

      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "seqno", SQLITE_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 1, COLNAME_NAME, "cid", SQLITE_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 2, COLNAME_NAME, "name", SQLITE_STATIC);
      for(i=0; i<pIdx->nColumn; i++){
        int cnum = pIdx->aiColumn[i];
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, i, 1);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, cnum, 2);
................................................................................
    if( pTab ){
      v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
      pIdx = pTab->pIndex;
      if( pIdx ){
        int i = 0; 
        sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 3);
        pParse->nMem = 3;

        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "seq", SQLITE_STATIC);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 1, COLNAME_NAME, "name", SQLITE_STATIC);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 2, COLNAME_NAME, "unique", SQLITE_STATIC);
        while(pIdx){
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, i, 1);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 2, 0, pIdx->zName, 0);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, pIdx->onError!=OE_None, 3);
................................................................................
    if( pTab ){
      v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
      pFK = pTab->pFKey;
      if( pFK ){
        int i = 0; 
        sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 8);
        pParse->nMem = 8;

        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "id", SQLITE_STATIC);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 1, COLNAME_NAME, "seq", SQLITE_STATIC);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 2, COLNAME_NAME, "table", SQLITE_STATIC);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 3, COLNAME_NAME, "from", SQLITE_STATIC);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 4, COLNAME_NAME, "to", SQLITE_STATIC);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 5, COLNAME_NAME, "on_update", SQLITE_STATIC);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 6, COLNAME_NAME, "on_delete", SQLITE_STATIC);
................................................................................
          pFK = pFK->pNextFrom;
        }
      }
    }
  }else
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY) */





















































































































#ifndef NDEBUG
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "parser_trace")==0 ){
    if( zRight ){
      if( sqlite3GetBoolean(zRight, 0) ){
        sqlite3ParserTrace(stderr, "parser: ");
      }else{
        sqlite3ParserTrace(0, 0);
................................................................................
      sqlite3_key(db, zKey, i/2);
    }else{
      sqlite3_rekey(db, zKey, i/2);
    }
  }else
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_HAS_CODEC) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_CEROD)
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "activate_extensions")==0 ){
#ifdef SQLITE_HAS_CODEC
    if( sqlite3StrNICmp(zRight, "see-", 4)==0 ){
      sqlite3_activate_see(&zRight[4]);
    }
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_CEROD
    if( sqlite3StrNICmp(zRight, "cerod-", 6)==0 ){
................................................................................
  /* If opening a non-empty database, check the text encoding. For the
  ** main database, set sqlite3.enc to the encoding of the main database.
  ** For an attached db, it is an error if the encoding is not the same
  ** as sqlite3.enc.
  */
  if( meta[BTREE_TEXT_ENCODING-1] ){  /* text encoding */
    if( iDb==0 ){

      u8 encoding;
      /* If opening the main database, set ENC(db). */
      encoding = (u8)meta[BTREE_TEXT_ENCODING-1] & 3;
      if( encoding==0 ) encoding = SQLITE_UTF8;
      ENC(db) = encoding;



    }else{
      /* If opening an attached database, the encoding much match ENC(db) */
      if( meta[BTREE_TEXT_ENCODING-1]!=ENC(db) ){
        sqlite3SetString(pzErrMsg, db, "attached databases must use the same"
            " text encoding as main database");
        rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
        goto initone_error_out;
................................................................................
  Parse *pParse,        /* Parsing context */
  ExprList *pEList,     /* which columns to include in the result */
  SrcList *pSrc,        /* the FROM clause -- which tables to scan */
  Expr *pWhere,         /* the WHERE clause */
  ExprList *pGroupBy,   /* the GROUP BY clause */
  Expr *pHaving,        /* the HAVING clause */
  ExprList *pOrderBy,   /* the ORDER BY clause */
  int isDistinct,       /* true if the DISTINCT keyword is present */
  Expr *pLimit,         /* LIMIT value.  NULL means not used */
  Expr *pOffset         /* OFFSET value.  NULL means no offset */
){
  Select *pNew;
  Select standin;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  pNew = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(*pNew) );
................................................................................
  pNew->pEList = pEList;
  if( pSrc==0 ) pSrc = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(*pSrc));
  pNew->pSrc = pSrc;
  pNew->pWhere = pWhere;
  pNew->pGroupBy = pGroupBy;
  pNew->pHaving = pHaving;
  pNew->pOrderBy = pOrderBy;
  pNew->selFlags = isDistinct ? SF_Distinct : 0;
  pNew->op = TK_SELECT;
  pNew->pLimit = pLimit;
  pNew->pOffset = pOffset;
  assert( pOffset==0 || pLimit!=0 );
  pNew->addrOpenEphm[0] = -1;
  pNew->addrOpenEphm[1] = -1;
  pNew->addrOpenEphm[2] = -1;
................................................................................
  *pnCol = nCol;
  *paCol = aCol;

  for(i=0, pCol=aCol; i<nCol; i++, pCol++){
    /* Get an appropriate name for the column
    */
    p = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pEList->a[i].pExpr);
    assert( p->pRight==0 || ExprHasProperty(p->pRight, EP_IntValue)
               || p->pRight->u.zToken==0 || p->pRight->u.zToken[0]!=0 );
    if( (zName = pEList->a[i].zName)!=0 ){
      /* If the column contains an "AS <name>" phrase, use <name> as the name */
      zName = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, zName);
    }else{
      Expr *pColExpr = p;  /* The expression that is the result column name */
      Table *pTab;         /* Table associated with this expression */
      while( pColExpr->op==TK_DOT ){
................................................................................
    /* Make sure the column name is unique.  If the name is not unique,
    ** append a integer to the name so that it becomes unique.
    */
    nName = sqlite3Strlen30(zName);
    for(j=cnt=0; j<i; j++){
      if( sqlite3StrICmp(aCol[j].zName, zName)==0 ){
        char *zNewName;



        zName[nName] = 0;
        zNewName = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%s:%d", zName, ++cnt);
        sqlite3DbFree(db, zName);
        zName = zNewName;
        j = -1;
        if( zName==0 ) break;
      }
................................................................................
  /* Generate code for the left and right SELECT statements.
  */
  switch( p->op ){
    case TK_ALL: {
      int addr = 0;
      int nLimit;
      assert( !pPrior->pLimit );


      pPrior->pLimit = p->pLimit;
      pPrior->pOffset = p->pOffset;
      explainSetInteger(iSub1, pParse->iNextSelectId);
      rc = sqlite3Select(pParse, pPrior, &dest);
      p->pLimit = 0;
      p->pOffset = 0;
      if( rc ){
................................................................................
  ** operator is UNION, EXCEPT, or INTERSECT (but not UNION ALL).
  */
  if( op==TK_ALL ){
    regPrev = 0;
  }else{
    int nExpr = p->pEList->nExpr;
    assert( nOrderBy>=nExpr || db->mallocFailed );
    regPrev = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, nExpr+1);

    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, regPrev);
    pKeyDup = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db,
                  sizeof(*pKeyDup) + nExpr*(sizeof(CollSeq*)+1) );
    if( pKeyDup ){
      pKeyDup->aSortOrder = (u8*)&pKeyDup->aColl[nExpr];
      pKeyDup->nField = (u16)nExpr;
      pKeyDup->enc = ENC(db);
................................................................................
  sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, labelCmpr);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Permutation, 0, 0, 0, (char*)aPermute, P4_INTARRAY);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Compare, destA.iSdst, destB.iSdst, nOrderBy,
                         (char*)pKeyMerge, P4_KEYINFO_HANDOFF);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_PERMUTE);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Jump, addrAltB, addrAeqB, addrAgtB);

  /* Release temporary registers
  */
  if( regPrev ){
    sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, regPrev, nOrderBy+1);
  }

  /* Jump to the this point in order to terminate the query.
  */
  sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, labelEnd);

  /* Set the number of output columns
  */
  if( pDest->eDest==SRT_Output ){
................................................................................
  **
  ** We call this the "compound-subquery flattening".
  */
  for(pSub=pSub->pPrior; pSub; pSub=pSub->pPrior){
    Select *pNew;
    ExprList *pOrderBy = p->pOrderBy;
    Expr *pLimit = p->pLimit;

    Select *pPrior = p->pPrior;
    p->pOrderBy = 0;
    p->pSrc = 0;
    p->pPrior = 0;
    p->pLimit = 0;

    pNew = sqlite3SelectDup(db, p, 0);

    p->pLimit = pLimit;
    p->pOrderBy = pOrderBy;
    p->pSrc = pSrc;
    p->op = TK_ALL;
    p->pRightmost = 0;
    if( pNew==0 ){
      pNew = pPrior;
................................................................................
  sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pSub1);

  return 1;
}
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) */

/*
** Analyze the SELECT statement passed as an argument to see if it
** is a min() or max() query. Return WHERE_ORDERBY_MIN or WHERE_ORDERBY_MAX if 
** it is, or 0 otherwise. At present, a query is considered to be
** a min()/max() query if:
**
**   1. There is a single object in the FROM clause.
**
**   2. There is a single expression in the result set, and it is
**      either min(x) or max(x), where x is a column reference.
*/
static u8 minMaxQuery(Select *p){
  Expr *pExpr;
  ExprList *pEList = p->pEList;

  if( pEList->nExpr!=1 ) return WHERE_ORDERBY_NORMAL;
  pExpr = pEList->a[0].pExpr;
  if( pExpr->op!=TK_AGG_FUNCTION ) return 0;
  if( NEVER(ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect)) ) return 0;
  pEList = pExpr->x.pList;
  if( pEList==0 || pEList->nExpr!=1 ) return 0;
  if( pEList->a[0].pExpr->op!=TK_AGG_COLUMN ) return WHERE_ORDERBY_NORMAL;
  assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) );
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(pExpr->u.zToken,"min")==0 ){
    return WHERE_ORDERBY_MIN;
  }else if( sqlite3StrICmp(pExpr->u.zToken,"max")==0 ){
    return WHERE_ORDERBY_MAX;
  }
  return WHERE_ORDERBY_NORMAL;









}

/*
** The select statement passed as the first argument is an aggregate query.
** The second argment is the associated aggregate-info object. This 
** function tests if the SELECT is of the form:
**
................................................................................
static int selectExpander(Walker *pWalker, Select *p){
  Parse *pParse = pWalker->pParse;
  int i, j, k;
  SrcList *pTabList;
  ExprList *pEList;
  struct SrcList_item *pFrom;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;




  if( db->mallocFailed  ){
    return WRC_Abort;
  }
  if( NEVER(p->pSrc==0) || (p->selFlags & SF_Expanded)!=0 ){
    return WRC_Prune;
  }
  p->selFlags |= SF_Expanded;
  pTabList = p->pSrc;
  pEList = p->pEList;

  /* Make sure cursor numbers have been assigned to all entries in
  ** the FROM clause of the SELECT statement.
  */
  sqlite3SrcListAssignCursors(pParse, pTabList);
................................................................................
      pTab->tabFlags |= TF_Ephemeral;
#endif
    }else{
      /* An ordinary table or view name in the FROM clause */
      assert( pFrom->pTab==0 );
      pFrom->pTab = pTab = sqlite3LocateTableItem(pParse, 0, pFrom);
      if( pTab==0 ) return WRC_Abort;






      pTab->nRef++;
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) || !defined (SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE)
      if( pTab->pSelect || IsVirtual(pTab) ){
        /* We reach here if the named table is a really a view */
        if( sqlite3ViewGetColumnNames(pParse, pTab) ) return WRC_Abort;
        assert( pFrom->pSelect==0 );
        pFrom->pSelect = sqlite3SelectDup(db, pTab->pSelect, 0);
................................................................................
  ** The following code just has to locate the TK_ALL expressions and expand
  ** each one to the list of all columns in all tables.
  **
  ** The first loop just checks to see if there are any "*" operators
  ** that need expanding.
  */
  for(k=0; k<pEList->nExpr; k++){
    Expr *pE = pEList->a[k].pExpr;
    if( pE->op==TK_ALL ) break;
    assert( pE->op!=TK_DOT || pE->pRight!=0 );
    assert( pE->op!=TK_DOT || (pE->pLeft!=0 && pE->pLeft->op==TK_ID) );
    if( pE->op==TK_DOT && pE->pRight->op==TK_ALL ) break;
  }
  if( k<pEList->nExpr ){
    /*
................................................................................
    */
    struct ExprList_item *a = pEList->a;
    ExprList *pNew = 0;
    int flags = pParse->db->flags;
    int longNames = (flags & SQLITE_FullColNames)!=0
                      && (flags & SQLITE_ShortColNames)==0;








    for(k=0; k<pEList->nExpr; k++){
      Expr *pE = a[k].pExpr;

      assert( pE->op!=TK_DOT || pE->pRight!=0 );
      if( pE->op!=TK_ALL && (pE->op!=TK_DOT || pE->pRight->op!=TK_ALL) ){
        /* This particular expression does not need to be expanded.
        */
        pNew = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, pNew, a[k].pExpr);
        if( pNew ){
          pNew->a[pNew->nExpr-1].zName = a[k].zName;
          pNew->a[pNew->nExpr-1].zSpan = a[k].zSpan;
          a[k].zName = 0;
................................................................................
          a[k].zSpan = 0;
        }
        a[k].pExpr = 0;
      }else{
        /* This expression is a "*" or a "TABLE.*" and needs to be
        ** expanded. */
        int tableSeen = 0;      /* Set to 1 when TABLE matches */
        char *zTName;            /* text of name of TABLE */
        if( pE->op==TK_DOT ){
          assert( pE->pLeft!=0 );
          assert( !ExprHasProperty(pE->pLeft, EP_IntValue) );
          zTName = pE->pLeft->u.zToken;
        }else{
          zTName = 0;
        }
        for(i=0, pFrom=pTabList->a; i<pTabList->nSrc; i++, pFrom++){
          Table *pTab = pFrom->pTab;

          char *zTabName = pFrom->zAlias;


          if( zTabName==0 ){
            zTabName = pTab->zName;
          }
          if( db->mallocFailed ) break;


          if( zTName && sqlite3StrICmp(zTName, zTabName)!=0 ){
            continue;
          }
          tableSeen = 1;



          for(j=0; j<pTab->nCol; j++){
            Expr *pExpr, *pRight;
            char *zName = pTab->aCol[j].zName;
            char *zColname;  /* The computed column name */
            char *zToFree;   /* Malloced string that needs to be freed */
            Token sColname;  /* Computed column name as a token */








            /* If a column is marked as 'hidden' (currently only possible
            ** for virtual tables), do not include it in the expanded
            ** result-set list.
            */
            if( IsHiddenColumn(&pTab->aCol[j]) ){
              assert(IsVirtual(pTab));
              continue;
            }


            if( i>0 && zTName==0 ){
              if( (pFrom->jointype & JT_NATURAL)!=0
                && tableAndColumnIndex(pTabList, i, zName, 0, 0)
              ){
                /* In a NATURAL join, omit the join columns from the 
                ** table to the right of the join */
................................................................................
            pRight = sqlite3Expr(db, TK_ID, zName);
            zColname = zName;
            zToFree = 0;
            if( longNames || pTabList->nSrc>1 ){
              Expr *pLeft;
              pLeft = sqlite3Expr(db, TK_ID, zTabName);
              pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_DOT, pLeft, pRight, 0);




              if( longNames ){
                zColname = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%s.%s", zTabName, zName);
                zToFree = zColname;
              }
            }else{
              pExpr = pRight;
            }
            pNew = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, pNew, pExpr);
            sColname.z = zColname;
            sColname.n = sqlite3Strlen30(zColname);
            sqlite3ExprListSetName(pParse, pNew, &sColname, 0);












            sqlite3DbFree(db, zToFree);
          }
        }
        if( !tableSeen ){
          if( zTName ){
            sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "no such table: %s", zTName);
          }else{
................................................................................
  Parse *pParse,         /* The parser context */
  Select *p,             /* The SELECT statement being coded. */
  NameContext *pOuterNC  /* Name context for container */
){
  sqlite3 *db;
  if( NEVER(p==0) ) return;
  db = pParse->db;

  if( p->selFlags & SF_HasTypeInfo ) return;
  sqlite3SelectExpand(pParse, p);
  if( pParse->nErr || db->mallocFailed ) return;
  sqlite3ResolveSelectNames(pParse, p, pOuterNC);
  if( pParse->nErr || db->mallocFailed ) return;
  sqlite3SelectAddTypeInfo(pParse, p);
}
................................................................................
        **
        **   + The optimizer code in where.c (the thing that decides which
        **     index or indices to use) should place a different priority on 
        **     satisfying the 'ORDER BY' clause than it does in other cases.
        **     Refer to code and comments in where.c for details.
        */
        ExprList *pMinMax = 0;





        u8 flag = minMaxQuery(p);



        if( flag ){
          assert( !ExprHasProperty(p->pEList->a[0].pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) );
          assert( p->pEList->a[0].pExpr->x.pList->nExpr==1 );
          pMinMax = sqlite3ExprListDup(db, p->pEList->a[0].pExpr->x.pList,0);
          pDel = pMinMax;
          if( pMinMax && !db->mallocFailed ){
            pMinMax->a[0].sortOrder = flag!=WHERE_ORDERBY_MIN ?1:0;
            pMinMax->a[0].pExpr->op = TK_COLUMN;
          }
        }
  
................................................................................
  }
}
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExplainSelect(Vdbe *pVdbe, Select *p){
  if( p==0 ){
    sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pVdbe, "(null-select)");
    return;
  }
  while( p->pPrior ) p = p->pPrior;



  sqlite3ExplainPush(pVdbe);
  while( p ){
    explainOneSelect(pVdbe, p);
    p = p->pNext;
    if( p==0 ) break;
    sqlite3ExplainNL(pVdbe);
    sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pVdbe, "%s\n", selectOpName(p->op));
................................................................................
typedef struct WhereTerm WhereTerm;
struct WhereTerm {
  Expr *pExpr;            /* Pointer to the subexpression that is this term */
  int iParent;            /* Disable pWC->a[iParent] when this term disabled */
  int leftCursor;         /* Cursor number of X in "X <op> <expr>" */
  union {
    int leftColumn;         /* Column number of X in "X <op> <expr>" */
    WhereOrInfo *pOrInfo;   /* Extra information if eOperator==WO_OR */
    WhereAndInfo *pAndInfo; /* Extra information if eOperator==WO_AND */
  } u;
  u16 eOperator;          /* A WO_xx value describing <op> */
  u8 wtFlags;             /* TERM_xxx bit flags.  See below */
  u8 nChild;              /* Number of children that must disable us */
  WhereClause *pWC;       /* The clause this term is part of */
  Bitmask prereqRight;    /* Bitmask of tables used by pExpr->pRight */
  Bitmask prereqAll;      /* Bitmask of tables referenced by pExpr */
................................................................................
** There are separate WhereClause objects for the whole clause and for
** the subclauses "(b AND c)" and "(d AND e)".  The pOuter field of the
** subclauses points to the WhereClause object for the whole clause.
*/
struct WhereClause {
  Parse *pParse;           /* The parser context */
  WhereMaskSet *pMaskSet;  /* Mapping of table cursor numbers to bitmasks */
  Bitmask vmask;           /* Bitmask identifying virtual table cursors */
  WhereClause *pOuter;     /* Outer conjunction */
  u8 op;                   /* Split operator.  TK_AND or TK_OR */
  u16 wctrlFlags;          /* Might include WHERE_AND_ONLY */
  int nTerm;               /* Number of terms */
  int nSlot;               /* Number of entries in a[] */
  WhereTerm *a;            /* Each a[] describes a term of the WHERE cluase */
#if defined(SQLITE_SMALL_STACK)
................................................................................
#define WO_LE     (WO_EQ<<(TK_LE-TK_EQ))
#define WO_GT     (WO_EQ<<(TK_GT-TK_EQ))
#define WO_GE     (WO_EQ<<(TK_GE-TK_EQ))
#define WO_MATCH  0x040
#define WO_ISNULL 0x080
#define WO_OR     0x100       /* Two or more OR-connected terms */
#define WO_AND    0x200       /* Two or more AND-connected terms */

#define WO_NOOP   0x800       /* This term does not restrict search space */

#define WO_ALL    0xfff       /* Mask of all possible WO_* values */
#define WO_SINGLE 0x0ff       /* Mask of all non-compound WO_* values */

/*
** Value for wsFlags returned by bestIndex() and stored in
................................................................................
#define WHERE_ROWID_RANGE  0x00002000  /* rowid<EXPR and/or rowid>EXPR */
#define WHERE_COLUMN_EQ    0x00010000  /* x=EXPR or x IN (...) or x IS NULL */
#define WHERE_COLUMN_RANGE 0x00020000  /* x<EXPR and/or x>EXPR */
#define WHERE_COLUMN_IN    0x00040000  /* x IN (...) */
#define WHERE_COLUMN_NULL  0x00080000  /* x IS NULL */
#define WHERE_INDEXED      0x000f0000  /* Anything that uses an index */
#define WHERE_NOT_FULLSCAN 0x100f3000  /* Does not do a full table scan */
#define WHERE_IN_ABLE      0x000f1000  /* Able to support an IN operator */
#define WHERE_TOP_LIMIT    0x00100000  /* x<EXPR or x<=EXPR constraint */
#define WHERE_BTM_LIMIT    0x00200000  /* x>EXPR or x>=EXPR constraint */
#define WHERE_BOTH_LIMIT   0x00300000  /* Both x>EXPR and x<EXPR */
#define WHERE_IDX_ONLY     0x00400000  /* Use index only - omit table */
#define WHERE_ORDERED      0x00800000  /* Output will appear in correct order */
#define WHERE_REVERSE      0x01000000  /* Scan in reverse order */
#define WHERE_UNIQUE       0x02000000  /* Selects no more than one row */
................................................................................
){
  pWC->pParse = pParse;
  pWC->pMaskSet = pMaskSet;
  pWC->pOuter = 0;
  pWC->nTerm = 0;
  pWC->nSlot = ArraySize(pWC->aStatic);
  pWC->a = pWC->aStatic;
  pWC->vmask = 0;
  pWC->wctrlFlags = wctrlFlags;
}

/* Forward reference */
static void whereClauseClear(WhereClause*);

/*
................................................................................
    memcpy(pWC->a, pOld, sizeof(pWC->a[0])*pWC->nTerm);
    if( pOld!=pWC->aStatic ){
      sqlite3DbFree(db, pOld);
    }
    pWC->nSlot = sqlite3DbMallocSize(db, pWC->a)/sizeof(pWC->a[0]);
  }
  pTerm = &pWC->a[idx = pWC->nTerm++];
  pTerm->pExpr = p;
  pTerm->wtFlags = wtFlags;
  pTerm->pWC = pWC;
  pTerm->iParent = -1;
  return idx;
}

/*
................................................................................
}

/*
** Search for a term in the WHERE clause that is of the form "X <op> <expr>"
** where X is a reference to the iColumn of table iCur and <op> is one of
** the WO_xx operator codes specified by the op parameter.
** Return a pointer to the term.  Return 0 if not found.

















*/
static WhereTerm *findTerm(
  WhereClause *pWC,     /* The WHERE clause to be searched */
  int iCur,             /* Cursor number of LHS */
  int iColumn,          /* Column number of LHS */
  Bitmask notReady,     /* RHS must not overlap with this mask */
  u32 op,               /* Mask of WO_xx values describing operator */
  Index *pIdx           /* Must be compatible with this index, if not NULL */
){
  WhereTerm *pTerm;
  int k;









  assert( iCur>=0 );
  op &= WO_ALL;



  for(; pWC; pWC=pWC->pOuter){
    for(pTerm=pWC->a, k=pWC->nTerm; k; k--, pTerm++){
      if( pTerm->leftCursor==iCur
         && (pTerm->prereqRight & notReady)==0
         && pTerm->u.leftColumn==iColumn


         && (pTerm->eOperator & op)!=0
      ){
        if( iColumn>=0 && pIdx && pTerm->eOperator!=WO_ISNULL ){
          Expr *pX = pTerm->pExpr;

          CollSeq *pColl;
          char idxaff;
          int j;
          Parse *pParse = pWC->pParse;
  


          idxaff = pIdx->pTable->aCol[iColumn].affinity;
          if( !sqlite3IndexAffinityOk(pX, idxaff) ) continue;

  

          /* Figure out the collation sequence required from an index for
          ** it to be useful for optimising expression pX. Store this
          ** value in variable pColl.
          */
          assert(pX->pLeft);
          pColl = sqlite3BinaryCompareCollSeq(pParse, pX->pLeft, pX->pRight);
          if( pColl==0 ) pColl = pParse->db->pDfltColl;
  
          for(j=0; pIdx->aiColumn[j]!=iColumn; j++){
            if( NEVER(j>=pIdx->nColumn) ) return 0;
          }
          if( sqlite3StrICmp(pColl->zName, pIdx->azColl[j]) ) continue;

        }


        return pTerm;



      }
    }







  }














  return 0;
}

/* Forward reference */
static void exprAnalyze(SrcList*, WhereClause*, int);

/*
** Call exprAnalyze on all terms in a WHERE clause.  
................................................................................
**     (B)     x=expr1 OR expr2=x OR x=expr3
**     (C)     t1.x=t2.y OR (t1.x=t2.z AND t1.y=15)
**     (D)     x=expr1 OR (y>11 AND y<22 AND z LIKE '*hello*')
**     (E)     (p.a=1 AND q.b=2 AND r.c=3) OR (p.x=4 AND q.y=5 AND r.z=6)
**
** CASE 1:
**
** If all subterms are of the form T.C=expr for some single column of C
** a single table T (as shown in example B above) then create a new virtual
** term that is an equivalent IN expression.  In other words, if the term
** being analyzed is:
**
**      x = expr1  OR  expr2 = x  OR  x = expr3
**
** then create a new virtual term like this:
................................................................................
  if( db->mallocFailed ) return;
  assert( pOrWc->nTerm>=2 );

  /*
  ** Compute the set of tables that might satisfy cases 1 or 2.
  */
  indexable = ~(Bitmask)0;
  chngToIN = ~(pWC->vmask);
  for(i=pOrWc->nTerm-1, pOrTerm=pOrWc->a; i>=0 && indexable; i--, pOrTerm++){
    if( (pOrTerm->eOperator & WO_SINGLE)==0 ){
      WhereAndInfo *pAndInfo;
      assert( pOrTerm->eOperator==0 );
      assert( (pOrTerm->wtFlags & (TERM_ANDINFO|TERM_ORINFO))==0 );
      chngToIN = 0;
      pAndInfo = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, sizeof(*pAndInfo));
      if( pAndInfo ){
        WhereClause *pAndWC;
        WhereTerm *pAndTerm;
        int j;
................................................................................
      Bitmask b;
      b = getMask(pMaskSet, pOrTerm->leftCursor);
      if( pOrTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL ){
        WhereTerm *pOther = &pOrWc->a[pOrTerm->iParent];
        b |= getMask(pMaskSet, pOther->leftCursor);
      }
      indexable &= b;
      if( pOrTerm->eOperator!=WO_EQ ){
        chngToIN = 0;
      }else{
        chngToIN &= b;
      }
    }
  }

................................................................................
    ** will be recorded in iCursor and iColumn.  There might not be any
    ** such table and column.  Set okToChngToIN if an appropriate table
    ** and column is found but leave okToChngToIN false if not found.
    */
    for(j=0; j<2 && !okToChngToIN; j++){
      pOrTerm = pOrWc->a;
      for(i=pOrWc->nTerm-1; i>=0; i--, pOrTerm++){
        assert( pOrTerm->eOperator==WO_EQ );
        pOrTerm->wtFlags &= ~TERM_OR_OK;
        if( pOrTerm->leftCursor==iCursor ){
          /* This is the 2-bit case and we are on the second iteration and
          ** current term is from the first iteration.  So skip this term. */
          assert( j==1 );
          continue;
        }
................................................................................
        iCursor = pOrTerm->leftCursor;
        break;
      }
      if( i<0 ){
        /* No candidate table+column was found.  This can only occur
        ** on the second iteration */
        assert( j==1 );
        assert( (chngToIN&(chngToIN-1))==0 );
        assert( chngToIN==getMask(pMaskSet, iCursor) );
        break;
      }
      testcase( j==1 );

      /* We have found a candidate table and column.  Check to see if that
      ** table and column is common to every term in the OR clause */
      okToChngToIN = 1;
      for(; i>=0 && okToChngToIN; i--, pOrTerm++){
        assert( pOrTerm->eOperator==WO_EQ );
        if( pOrTerm->leftCursor!=iCursor ){
          pOrTerm->wtFlags &= ~TERM_OR_OK;
        }else if( pOrTerm->u.leftColumn!=iColumn ){
          okToChngToIN = 0;
        }else{
          int affLeft, affRight;
          /* If the right-hand side is also a column, then the affinities
................................................................................
      Expr *pDup;            /* A transient duplicate expression */
      ExprList *pList = 0;   /* The RHS of the IN operator */
      Expr *pLeft = 0;       /* The LHS of the IN operator */
      Expr *pNew;            /* The complete IN operator */

      for(i=pOrWc->nTerm-1, pOrTerm=pOrWc->a; i>=0; i--, pOrTerm++){
        if( (pOrTerm->wtFlags & TERM_OR_OK)==0 ) continue;
        assert( pOrTerm->eOperator==WO_EQ );
        assert( pOrTerm->leftCursor==iCursor );
        assert( pOrTerm->u.leftColumn==iColumn );
        pDup = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pOrTerm->pExpr->pRight, 0);
        pList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pWC->pParse, pList, pDup);
        pLeft = pOrTerm->pExpr->pLeft;
      }
      assert( pLeft!=0 );
................................................................................
        sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, pList);
      }
      pTerm->eOperator = WO_NOOP;  /* case 1 trumps case 2 */
    }
  }
}
#endif /* !SQLITE_OMIT_OR_OPTIMIZATION && !SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY */


/*
** The input to this routine is an WhereTerm structure with only the
** "pExpr" field filled in.  The job of this routine is to analyze the
** subexpression and populate all the other fields of the WhereTerm
** structure.
**
................................................................................
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;        /* Database connection */

  if( db->mallocFailed ){
    return;
  }
  pTerm = &pWC->a[idxTerm];
  pMaskSet = pWC->pMaskSet;
  pExpr = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pTerm->pExpr);

  prereqLeft = exprTableUsage(pMaskSet, pExpr->pLeft);
  op = pExpr->op;
  if( op==TK_IN ){
    assert( pExpr->pRight==0 );
    if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
      pTerm->prereqRight = exprSelectTableUsage(pMaskSet, pExpr->x.pSelect);
    }else{
................................................................................
    extraRight = x-1;  /* ON clause terms may not be used with an index
                       ** on left table of a LEFT JOIN.  Ticket #3015 */
  }
  pTerm->prereqAll = prereqAll;
  pTerm->leftCursor = -1;
  pTerm->iParent = -1;
  pTerm->eOperator = 0;
  if( allowedOp(op) && (pTerm->prereqRight & prereqLeft)==0 ){
    Expr *pLeft = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pExpr->pLeft);
    Expr *pRight = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pExpr->pRight);

    if( pLeft->op==TK_COLUMN ){
      pTerm->leftCursor = pLeft->iTable;
      pTerm->u.leftColumn = pLeft->iColumn;
      pTerm->eOperator = operatorMask(op);
    }
    if( pRight && pRight->op==TK_COLUMN ){
      WhereTerm *pNew;
      Expr *pDup;

      if( pTerm->leftCursor>=0 ){
        int idxNew;
        pDup = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pExpr, 0);
        if( db->mallocFailed ){
          sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pDup);
          return;
        }
................................................................................
        idxNew = whereClauseInsert(pWC, pDup, TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_DYNAMIC);
        if( idxNew==0 ) return;
        pNew = &pWC->a[idxNew];
        pNew->iParent = idxTerm;
        pTerm = &pWC->a[idxTerm];
        pTerm->nChild = 1;
        pTerm->wtFlags |= TERM_COPIED;







      }else{
        pDup = pExpr;
        pNew = pTerm;
      }
      exprCommute(pParse, pDup);
      pLeft = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pDup->pLeft);
      pNew->leftCursor = pLeft->iTable;
      pNew->u.leftColumn = pLeft->iColumn;
      testcase( (prereqLeft | extraRight) != prereqLeft );
      pNew->prereqRight = prereqLeft | extraRight;
      pNew->prereqAll = prereqAll;
      pNew->eOperator = operatorMask(pDup->op);
    }
  }

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BETWEEN_OPTIMIZATION
  /* If a term is the BETWEEN operator, create two new virtual terms
  ** that define the range that the BETWEEN implements.  For example:
  **
................................................................................
  }
  if( pWC->wctrlFlags & WHERE_AND_ONLY ){
    return;
  }

  /* Search the WHERE clause terms for a usable WO_OR term. */
  for(pTerm=pWC->a; pTerm<pWCEnd; pTerm++){
    if( pTerm->eOperator==WO_OR 
     && ((pTerm->prereqAll & ~maskSrc) & p->notReady)==0
     && (pTerm->u.pOrInfo->indexable & maskSrc)!=0 
    ){
      WhereClause * const pOrWC = &pTerm->u.pOrInfo->wc;
      WhereTerm * const pOrWCEnd = &pOrWC->a[pOrWC->nTerm];
      WhereTerm *pOrTerm;
      int flags = WHERE_MULTI_OR;
................................................................................
      sBOI.pOrderBy = 0;
      sBOI.pDistinct = 0;
      sBOI.ppIdxInfo = 0;
      for(pOrTerm=pOrWC->a; pOrTerm<pOrWCEnd; pOrTerm++){
        WHERETRACE(("... Multi-index OR testing for term %d of %d....\n", 
          (pOrTerm - pOrWC->a), (pTerm - pWC->a)
        ));
        if( pOrTerm->eOperator==WO_AND ){
          sBOI.pWC = &pOrTerm->u.pAndInfo->wc;
          bestIndex(&sBOI);
        }else if( pOrTerm->leftCursor==iCur ){
          WhereClause tempWC;
          tempWC.pParse = pWC->pParse;
          tempWC.pMaskSet = pWC->pMaskSet;
          tempWC.pOuter = pWC;
................................................................................
static int termCanDriveIndex(
  WhereTerm *pTerm,              /* WHERE clause term to check */
  struct SrcList_item *pSrc,     /* Table we are trying to access */
  Bitmask notReady               /* Tables in outer loops of the join */
){
  char aff;
  if( pTerm->leftCursor!=pSrc->iCursor ) return 0;
  if( pTerm->eOperator!=WO_EQ ) return 0;
  if( (pTerm->prereqRight & notReady)!=0 ) return 0;
  aff = pSrc->pTab->aCol[pTerm->u.leftColumn].affinity;
  if( !sqlite3IndexAffinityOk(pTerm->pExpr, aff) ) return 0;
  return 1;
}
#endif

................................................................................

  WHERETRACE(("Recomputing index info for %s...\n", pSrc->pTab->zName));

  /* Count the number of possible WHERE clause constraints referring
  ** to this virtual table */
  for(i=nTerm=0, pTerm=pWC->a; i<pWC->nTerm; i++, pTerm++){
    if( pTerm->leftCursor != pSrc->iCursor ) continue;
    assert( (pTerm->eOperator&(pTerm->eOperator-1))==0 );
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator==WO_IN );
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator==WO_ISNULL );
    if( pTerm->eOperator & (WO_IN|WO_ISNULL) ) continue;
    if( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VNULL ) continue;
    nTerm++;
  }

  /* If the ORDER BY clause contains only columns in the current 
  ** virtual table then allocate space for the aOrderBy part of
  ** the sqlite3_index_info structure.
................................................................................
  *(int*)&pIdxInfo->nOrderBy = nOrderBy;
  *(struct sqlite3_index_constraint**)&pIdxInfo->aConstraint = pIdxCons;
  *(struct sqlite3_index_orderby**)&pIdxInfo->aOrderBy = pIdxOrderBy;
  *(struct sqlite3_index_constraint_usage**)&pIdxInfo->aConstraintUsage =
                                                                   pUsage;

  for(i=j=0, pTerm=pWC->a; i<pWC->nTerm; i++, pTerm++){

    if( pTerm->leftCursor != pSrc->iCursor ) continue;
    assert( (pTerm->eOperator&(pTerm->eOperator-1))==0 );

    testcase( pTerm->eOperator==WO_IN );
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator==WO_ISNULL );
    if( pTerm->eOperator & (WO_IN|WO_ISNULL) ) continue;
    if( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VNULL ) continue;
    pIdxCons[j].iColumn = pTerm->u.leftColumn;
    pIdxCons[j].iTermOffset = i;
    pIdxCons[j].op = (u8)pTerm->eOperator;


    /* The direct assignment in the previous line is possible only because
    ** the WO_ and SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_ codes are identical.  The
    ** following asserts verify this fact. */
    assert( WO_EQ==SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_EQ );
    assert( WO_LT==SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_LT );
    assert( WO_LE==SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_LE );
    assert( WO_GT==SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_GT );
    assert( WO_GE==SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_GE );
    assert( WO_MATCH==SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_MATCH );
    assert( pTerm->eOperator & (WO_EQ|WO_LT|WO_LE|WO_GT|WO_GE|WO_MATCH) );
    j++;
  }
  for(i=0; i<nOrderBy; i++){
    Expr *pExpr = pOrderBy->a[i].pExpr;
    pIdxOrderBy[i].iColumn = pExpr->iColumn;
    pIdxOrderBy[i].desc = pOrderBy->a[i].sortOrder;
  }
................................................................................
  WhereClause *pWC = p->pWC;      /* The WHERE clause */
  struct SrcList_item *pSrc = p->pSrc; /* The FROM clause term to search */
  Table *pTab = pSrc->pTab;
  sqlite3_index_info *pIdxInfo;
  struct sqlite3_index_constraint *pIdxCons;
  struct sqlite3_index_constraint_usage *pUsage;
  WhereTerm *pTerm;
  int i, j;
  int nOrderBy;


  double rCost;

  /* Make sure wsFlags is initialized to some sane value. Otherwise, if the 
  ** malloc in allocateIndexInfo() fails and this function returns leaving
  ** wsFlags in an uninitialized state, the caller may behave unpredictably.
  */
  memset(&p->cost, 0, sizeof(p->cost));
................................................................................
  /* The module name must be defined. Also, by this point there must
  ** be a pointer to an sqlite3_vtab structure. Otherwise
  ** sqlite3ViewGetColumnNames() would have picked up the error. 
  */
  assert( pTab->azModuleArg && pTab->azModuleArg[0] );
  assert( sqlite3GetVTable(pParse->db, pTab) );












  /* Set the aConstraint[].usable fields and initialize all 
  ** output variables to zero.
  **
  ** aConstraint[].usable is true for constraints where the right-hand
  ** side contains only references to tables to the left of the current
  ** table.  In other words, if the constraint is of the form:
  **
  **           column = expr
  **
  ** and we are evaluating a join, then the constraint on column is 
  ** only valid if all tables referenced in expr occur to the left
  ** of the table containing column.
  **
  ** The aConstraints[] array contains entries for all constraints
  ** on the current table.  That way we only have to compute it once
  ** even though we might try to pick the best index multiple times.
  ** For each attempt at picking an index, the order of tables in the
  ** join might be different so we have to recompute the usable flag
  ** each time.
  */
  pIdxCons = *(struct sqlite3_index_constraint**)&pIdxInfo->aConstraint;
  pUsage = pIdxInfo->aConstraintUsage;
  for(i=0; i<pIdxInfo->nConstraint; i++, pIdxCons++){
    j = pIdxCons->iTermOffset;
    pTerm = &pWC->a[j];
    pIdxCons->usable = (pTerm->prereqRight&p->notReady) ? 0 : 1;





  }

  memset(pUsage, 0, sizeof(pUsage[0])*pIdxInfo->nConstraint);
  if( pIdxInfo->needToFreeIdxStr ){
    sqlite3_free(pIdxInfo->idxStr);
  }
  pIdxInfo->idxStr = 0;
  pIdxInfo->idxNum = 0;
  pIdxInfo->needToFreeIdxStr = 0;
  pIdxInfo->orderByConsumed = 0;
  /* ((double)2) In case of SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT... */
  pIdxInfo->estimatedCost = SQLITE_BIG_DBL / ((double)2);
  nOrderBy = pIdxInfo->nOrderBy;
  if( !p->pOrderBy ){
    pIdxInfo->nOrderBy = 0;
  }

  if( vtabBestIndex(pParse, pTab, pIdxInfo) ){
    return;
  }


  pIdxCons = *(struct sqlite3_index_constraint**)&pIdxInfo->aConstraint;
  for(i=0; i<pIdxInfo->nConstraint; i++){
    if( pUsage[i].argvIndex>0 ){


      p->cost.used |= pWC->a[pIdxCons[i].iTermOffset].prereqRight;







    }




  }







  /* If there is an ORDER BY clause, and the selected virtual table index
  ** does not satisfy it, increase the cost of the scan accordingly. This
  ** matches the processing for non-virtual tables in bestBtreeIndex().
  */
  rCost = pIdxInfo->estimatedCost;
  if( p->pOrderBy && pIdxInfo->orderByConsumed==0 ){
    rCost += estLog(rCost)*rCost;
................................................................................
  if( (SQLITE_BIG_DBL/((double)2))<rCost ){
    p->cost.rCost = (SQLITE_BIG_DBL/((double)2));
  }else{
    p->cost.rCost = rCost;
  }
  p->cost.plan.u.pVtabIdx = pIdxInfo;
  if( pIdxInfo->orderByConsumed ){

    p->cost.plan.wsFlags |= WHERE_ORDERED;
    p->cost.plan.nOBSat = nOrderBy;
  }else{
    p->cost.plan.nOBSat = p->i ? p->aLevel[p->i-1].plan.nOBSat : 0;
  }
  p->cost.plan.nEq = 0;
  pIdxInfo->nOrderBy = nOrderBy;

................................................................................
    tRowcnt iUpper = p->aiRowEst[0];
    tRowcnt a[2];
    u8 aff = p->pTable->aCol[p->aiColumn[0]].affinity;

    if( pLower ){
      Expr *pExpr = pLower->pExpr->pRight;
      rc = valueFromExpr(pParse, pExpr, aff, &pRangeVal);
      assert( pLower->eOperator==WO_GT || pLower->eOperator==WO_GE );
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK
       && whereKeyStats(pParse, p, pRangeVal, 0, a)==SQLITE_OK
      ){
        iLower = a[0];
        if( pLower->eOperator==WO_GT ) iLower += a[1];
      }
      sqlite3ValueFree(pRangeVal);
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pUpper ){
      Expr *pExpr = pUpper->pExpr->pRight;
      rc = valueFromExpr(pParse, pExpr, aff, &pRangeVal);
      assert( pUpper->eOperator==WO_LT || pUpper->eOperator==WO_LE );
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK
       && whereKeyStats(pParse, p, pRangeVal, 1, a)==SQLITE_OK
      ){
        iUpper = a[0];
        if( pUpper->eOperator==WO_LE ) iUpper += a[1];
      }
      sqlite3ValueFree(pRangeVal);
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      if( iUpper<=iLower ){
        *pRangeDiv = (double)p->aiRowEst[0];
      }else{
................................................................................

    /* If X is the column in the index and ORDER BY clause, check to see
    ** if there are any X= or X IS NULL constraints in the WHERE clause. */
    pConstraint = findTerm(p->pWC, base, iColumn, p->notReady,
                           WO_EQ|WO_ISNULL|WO_IN, pIdx);
    if( pConstraint==0 ){
      isEq = 0;
    }else if( pConstraint->eOperator==WO_IN ){
      /* Constraints of the form: "X IN ..." cannot be used with an ORDER BY
      ** because we do not know in what order the values on the RHS of the IN
      ** operator will occur. */
      break;
    }else if( pConstraint->eOperator==WO_ISNULL ){
      uniqueNotNull = 0;
      isEq = 1;  /* "X IS NULL" means X has only a single value */
    }else if( pConstraint->prereqRight==0 ){
      isEq = 1;  /* Constraint "X=constant" means X has only a single value */
    }else{
      Expr *pRight = pConstraint->pExpr->pRight;
      if( pRight->op==TK_COLUMN ){
................................................................................
 
    /* If the index being considered is UNIQUE, and there is an equality 
    ** constraint for all columns in the index, then this search will find
    ** at most a single row. In this case set the WHERE_UNIQUE flag to 
    ** indicate this to the caller.
    **
    ** Otherwise, if the search may find more than one row, test to see if
    ** there is a range constraint on indexed column (pc.plan.nEq+1) that can be 
    ** optimized using the index. 
    */
    if( pc.plan.nEq==pProbe->nColumn && pProbe->onError!=OE_None ){
      testcase( pc.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_COLUMN_IN );
      testcase( pc.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_COLUMN_NULL );
      if( (pc.plan.wsFlags & (WHERE_COLUMN_IN|WHERE_COLUMN_NULL))==0 ){
        pc.plan.wsFlags |= WHERE_UNIQUE;
        if( p->i==0 || (p->aLevel[p->i-1].plan.wsFlags & WHERE_ALL_UNIQUE)!=0 ){
................................................................................
    ** variable.  */
    if( bSort && (pSrc->jointype & JT_LEFT)==0 ){
      int bRev = 2;
      WHERETRACE(("      --> before isSortingIndex: nPriorSat=%d\n",nPriorSat));
      pc.plan.nOBSat = isSortingIndex(p, pProbe, iCur, &bRev);
      WHERETRACE(("      --> after  isSortingIndex: bRev=%d nOBSat=%d\n",
                  bRev, pc.plan.nOBSat));
      if( nPriorSat<pc.plan.nOBSat || (pc.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_UNIQUE)!=0 ){
        pc.plan.wsFlags |= WHERE_ORDERED;
      }
      if( nOrderBy==pc.plan.nOBSat ){
        bSort = 0;
        pc.plan.wsFlags |= WHERE_ROWID_RANGE|WHERE_COLUMN_RANGE;
      }
      if( bRev & 1 ) pc.plan.wsFlags |= WHERE_REVERSE;
................................................................................
    ** to get a better estimate on the number of rows based on
    ** VALUE and how common that value is according to the histogram.
    */
    if( pc.plan.nRow>(double)1 && pc.plan.nEq==1
     && pFirstTerm!=0 && aiRowEst[1]>1 ){
      assert( (pFirstTerm->eOperator & (WO_EQ|WO_ISNULL|WO_IN))!=0 );
      if( pFirstTerm->eOperator & (WO_EQ|WO_ISNULL) ){
        testcase( pFirstTerm->eOperator==WO_EQ );
        testcase( pFirstTerm->eOperator==WO_ISNULL );

        whereEqualScanEst(pParse, pProbe, pFirstTerm->pExpr->pRight,
                          &pc.plan.nRow);
      }else if( bInEst==0 ){
        assert( pFirstTerm->eOperator==WO_IN );
        whereInScanEst(pParse, pProbe, pFirstTerm->pExpr->x.pList,
                       &pc.plan.nRow);
      }
    }
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 */

    /* Adjust the number of output rows and downward to reflect rows
................................................................................
            ** set size by a factor of 3.  Indexed range constraints reduce
            ** the search space by a larger factor: 4.  We make indexed range
            ** more selective intentionally because of the subjective 
            ** observation that indexed range constraints really are more
            ** selective in practice, on average. */
            pc.plan.nRow /= 3;
          }
        }else if( pTerm->eOperator!=WO_NOOP ){
          /* Any other expression lowers the output row count by half */
          pc.plan.nRow /= 2;
        }
      }
      if( pc.plan.nRow<2 ) pc.plan.nRow = 2;
    }

................................................................................
  assert( p->pOrderBy || (p->cost.plan.wsFlags&WHERE_ORDERED)==0 );
  assert( p->cost.plan.u.pIdx==0 || (p->cost.plan.wsFlags&WHERE_ROWID_EQ)==0 );
  assert( pSrc->pIndex==0 
       || p->cost.plan.u.pIdx==0 
       || p->cost.plan.u.pIdx==pSrc->pIndex 
  );

  WHERETRACE(("   best index is: %s\n",
         p->cost.plan.u.pIdx ? p->cost.plan.u.pIdx->zName : "ipk"));

  
  bestOrClauseIndex(p);
  bestAutomaticIndex(p);
  p->cost.plan.wsFlags |= eqTermMask;
}

/*
................................................................................
*/
static void bestIndex(WhereBestIdx *p){
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  if( IsVirtual(p->pSrc->pTab) ){
    sqlite3_index_info *pIdxInfo = 0;
    p->ppIdxInfo = &pIdxInfo;
    bestVirtualIndex(p);

    if( pIdxInfo->needToFreeIdxStr ){
      sqlite3_free(pIdxInfo->idxStr);
    }
    sqlite3DbFree(p->pParse->db, pIdxInfo);
  }else
#endif
  {
    bestBtreeIndex(p);
................................................................................
    iReg = iTarget;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, iReg);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
  }else{
    int eType;
    int iTab;
    struct InLoop *pIn;


    assert( pX->op==TK_IN );
    iReg = iTarget;
    eType = sqlite3FindInIndex(pParse, pX, 0);
    iTab = pX->iTable;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iTab, 0);
    assert( pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_IN_ABLE );
    if( pLevel->u.in.nIn==0 ){
      pLevel->addrNxt = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
    }
    pLevel->u.in.nIn++;
    pLevel->u.in.aInLoop =
       sqlite3DbReallocOrFree(pParse->db, pLevel->u.in.aInLoop,
................................................................................
      pIn += pLevel->u.in.nIn - 1;
      pIn->iCur = iTab;
      if( eType==IN_INDEX_ROWID ){
        pIn->addrInTop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rowid, iTab, iReg);
      }else{
        pIn->addrInTop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iTab, 0, iReg);
      }

      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IsNull, iReg);
    }else{
      pLevel->u.in.nIn = 0;
    }
#endif
  }
  disableTerm(pLevel, pTerm);
................................................................................

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  if(  (pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE)!=0 ){
    /* Case 0:  The table is a virtual-table.  Use the VFilter and VNext
    **          to access the data.
    */
    int iReg;   /* P3 Value for OP_VFilter */

    sqlite3_index_info *pVtabIdx = pLevel->plan.u.pVtabIdx;
    int nConstraint = pVtabIdx->nConstraint;
    struct sqlite3_index_constraint_usage *aUsage =
                                                pVtabIdx->aConstraintUsage;
    const struct sqlite3_index_constraint *aConstraint =
                                                pVtabIdx->aConstraint;

    sqlite3ExprCachePush(pParse);
    iReg = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, nConstraint+2);

    for(j=1; j<=nConstraint; j++){
      for(k=0; k<nConstraint; k++){
        if( aUsage[k].argvIndex==j ){

          int iTerm = aConstraint[k].iTermOffset;




          sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pWC->a[iTerm].pExpr->pRight, iReg+j+1);

          break;
        }
      }
      if( k==nConstraint ) break;
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, pVtabIdx->idxNum, iReg);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, j-1, iReg+1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_VFilter, iCur, addrBrk, iReg, pVtabIdx->idxStr,
                      pVtabIdx->needToFreeIdxStr ? P4_MPRINTF : P4_STATIC);
    pVtabIdx->needToFreeIdxStr = 0;
    for(j=0; j<nConstraint; j++){
      if( aUsage[j].omit ){
        int iTerm = aConstraint[j].iTermOffset;
        disableTerm(pLevel, &pWC->a[iTerm]);
      }
................................................................................
    **          we reference multiple rows using a "rowid IN (...)"
    **          construct.
    */
    iReleaseReg = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
    pTerm = findTerm(pWC, iCur, -1, notReady, WO_EQ|WO_IN, 0);
    assert( pTerm!=0 );
    assert( pTerm->pExpr!=0 );
    assert( pTerm->leftCursor==iCur );
    assert( omitTable==0 );
    testcase( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL ); /* EV: R-30575-11662 */
    iRowidReg = codeEqualityTerm(pParse, pTerm, pLevel, iReleaseReg);
    addrNxt = pLevel->addrNxt;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_MustBeInt, iRowidReg, addrNxt);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, iCur, addrNxt, iRowidReg);

    sqlite3ExprCacheStore(pParse, iCur, -1, iRowidReg);
    VdbeComment((v, "pk"));
    pLevel->op = OP_Noop;
  }else if( pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_ROWID_RANGE ){
    /* Case 2:  We have an inequality comparison against the ROWID field.
    */
    int testOp = OP_Noop;
................................................................................
    int iRetInit;                             /* Address of regReturn init */
    int untestedTerms = 0;             /* Some terms not completely tested */
    int ii;                            /* Loop counter */
    Expr *pAndExpr = 0;                /* An ".. AND (...)" expression */
   
    pTerm = pLevel->plan.u.pTerm;
    assert( pTerm!=0 );
    assert( pTerm->eOperator==WO_OR );
    assert( (pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_ORINFO)!=0 );
    pOrWc = &pTerm->u.pOrInfo->wc;
    pLevel->op = OP_Return;
    pLevel->p1 = regReturn;

    /* Set up a new SrcList in pOrTab containing the table being scanned
    ** by this loop in the a[0] slot and all notReady tables in a[1..] slots.
................................................................................
      if( pAndExpr ){
        pAndExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_AND, 0, pAndExpr, 0);
      }
    }

    for(ii=0; ii<pOrWc->nTerm; ii++){
      WhereTerm *pOrTerm = &pOrWc->a[ii];
      if( pOrTerm->leftCursor==iCur || pOrTerm->eOperator==WO_AND ){
        WhereInfo *pSubWInfo;          /* Info for single OR-term scan */
        Expr *pOrExpr = pOrTerm->pExpr;
        if( pAndExpr ){
          pAndExpr->pLeft = pOrExpr;
          pOrExpr = pAndExpr;
        }
        /* Loop through table entries that match term pOrTerm. */
................................................................................
  ** the bitmask for all FROM clause terms to the left of the N-th term
  ** is (X-1).   An expression from the ON clause of a LEFT JOIN can use
  ** its Expr.iRightJoinTable value to find the bitmask of the right table
  ** of the join.  Subtracting one from the right table bitmask gives a
  ** bitmask for all tables to the left of the join.  Knowing the bitmask
  ** for all tables to the left of a left join is important.  Ticket #3015.
  **
  ** Configure the WhereClause.vmask variable so that bits that correspond
  ** to virtual table cursors are set. This is used to selectively disable 
  ** the OR-to-IN transformation in exprAnalyzeOrTerm(). It is not helpful 
  ** with virtual tables.
  **
  ** Note that bitmasks are created for all pTabList->nSrc tables in
  ** pTabList, not just the first nTabList tables.  nTabList is normally
  ** equal to pTabList->nSrc but might be shortened to 1 if the
  ** WHERE_ONETABLE_ONLY flag is set.
  */
  assert( sWBI.pWC->vmask==0 && pMaskSet->n==0 );
  for(ii=0; ii<pTabList->nSrc; ii++){
    createMask(pMaskSet, pTabList->a[ii].iCursor);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
    if( ALWAYS(pTabList->a[ii].pTab) && IsVirtual(pTabList->a[ii].pTab) ){
      sWBI.pWC->vmask |= ((Bitmask)1 << ii);
    }
#endif
  }
#ifndef NDEBUG
  {
    Bitmask toTheLeft = 0;
    for(ii=0; ii<pTabList->nSrc; ii++){
      Bitmask m = getMask(pMaskSet, pTabList->a[ii].iCursor);
      assert( (m-1)==toTheLeft );
................................................................................
  for(sWBI.i=iFrom=0, pLevel=pWInfo->a; sWBI.i<nTabList; sWBI.i++, pLevel++){
    WhereCost bestPlan;         /* Most efficient plan seen so far */
    Index *pIdx;                /* Index for FROM table at pTabItem */
    int j;                      /* For looping over FROM tables */
    int bestJ = -1;             /* The value of j */
    Bitmask m;                  /* Bitmask value for j or bestJ */
    int isOptimal;              /* Iterator for optimal/non-optimal search */

    int nUnconstrained;         /* Number tables without INDEXED BY */
    Bitmask notIndexed;         /* Mask of tables that cannot use an index */

    memset(&bestPlan, 0, sizeof(bestPlan));
    bestPlan.rCost = SQLITE_BIG_DBL;
    WHERETRACE(("*** Begin search for loop %d ***\n", sWBI.i));

................................................................................
    ** that do not use indices.  But this nRow reduction only happens if the
    ** table really is the innermost join.  
    **
    ** The second loop iteration is only performed if no optimal scan
    ** strategies were found by the first iteration. This second iteration
    ** is used to search for the lowest cost scan overall.
    **
    ** Previous versions of SQLite performed only the second iteration -
    ** the next outermost loop was always that with the lowest overall
    ** cost. However, this meant that SQLite could select the wrong plan
    ** for scripts such as the following:
    **   
    **   CREATE TABLE t1(a, b); 
    **   CREATE TABLE t2(c, d);
    **   SELECT * FROM t2, t1 WHERE t2.rowid = t1.a;
    **
    ** The best strategy is to iterate through table t1 first. However it
    ** is not possible to determine this with a simple greedy algorithm.
................................................................................
    ** Since the cost of a linear scan through table t2 is the same 
    ** as the cost of a linear scan through table t1, a simple greedy 
    ** algorithm may choose to use t2 for the outer loop, which is a much
    ** costlier approach.
    */
    nUnconstrained = 0;
    notIndexed = 0;
    for(isOptimal=(iFrom<nTabList-1); isOptimal>=0 && bestJ<0; isOptimal--){
      for(j=iFrom, sWBI.pSrc=&pTabList->a[j]; j<nTabList; j++, sWBI.pSrc++){
        int doNotReorder;    /* True if this table should not be reordered */
  
        doNotReorder =  (sWBI.pSrc->jointype & (JT_LEFT|JT_CROSS))!=0;
        if( j!=iFrom && doNotReorder ) break;


        m = getMask(pMaskSet, sWBI.pSrc->iCursor);
        if( (m & sWBI.notValid)==0 ){
          if( j==iFrom ) iFrom++;
          continue;






















        }
        sWBI.notReady = (isOptimal ? m : sWBI.notValid);
        if( sWBI.pSrc->pIndex==0 ) nUnconstrained++;
  
        WHERETRACE(("   === trying table %d (%s) with isOptimal=%d ===\n",
                    j, sWBI.pSrc->pTab->zName, isOptimal));
        assert( sWBI.pSrc->pTab );
................................................................................
                  || sWBI.cost.plan.u.pIdx==sWBI.pSrc->pIndex );

        if( isOptimal && (sWBI.cost.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_NOT_FULLSCAN)==0 ){
          notIndexed |= m;
        }
        if( isOptimal ){
          pWInfo->a[j].rOptCost = sWBI.cost.rCost;
        }else if( iFrom<nTabList-1 ){
          /* If two or more tables have nearly the same outer loop cost,
          ** very different inner loop (optimal) cost, we want to choose
          ** for the outer loop that table which benefits the least from
          ** being in the inner loop.  The following code scales the 
          ** outer loop cost estimate to accomplish that. */
          WHERETRACE(("   scaling cost from %.1f to %.1f\n",
                      sWBI.cost.rCost,
                      sWBI.cost.rCost/pWInfo->a[j].rOptCost));
................................................................................
                      "       cost=%.1f, nRow=%.1f, nOBSat=%d, wsFlags=%08x\n",
                      j, sWBI.pSrc->pTab->zName,
                      sWBI.cost.rCost, sWBI.cost.plan.nRow,
                      sWBI.cost.plan.nOBSat, sWBI.cost.plan.wsFlags));
          bestPlan = sWBI.cost;
          bestJ = j;
        }
        if( doNotReorder ) break;





      }
    }
    assert( bestJ>=0 );
    assert( sWBI.notValid & getMask(pMaskSet, pTabList->a[bestJ].iCursor) );




    WHERETRACE(("*** Optimizer selects table %d (%s) for loop %d with:\n"
                "    cost=%.1f, nRow=%.1f, nOBSat=%d, wsFlags=0x%08x\n",
                bestJ, pTabList->a[bestJ].pTab->zName,
                pLevel-pWInfo->a, bestPlan.rCost, bestPlan.plan.nRow,
                bestPlan.plan.nOBSat, bestPlan.plan.wsFlags));
    if( (bestPlan.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_DISTINCT)!=0 ){
      assert( pWInfo->eDistinct==0 );
................................................................................
    }
    if( pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_IN_ABLE && pLevel->u.in.nIn>0 ){
      struct InLoop *pIn;
      int j;
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, pLevel->addrNxt);
      for(j=pLevel->u.in.nIn, pIn=&pLevel->u.in.aInLoop[j-1]; j>0; j--, pIn--){
        sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, pIn->addrInTop+1);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, pIn->iCur, pIn->addrInTop);
        sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, pIn->addrInTop-1);
      }
      sqlite3DbFree(db, pLevel->u.in.aInLoop);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, pLevel->addrBrk);
    if( pLevel->iLeftJoin ){
      int addr;
................................................................................
  sqlite3ParserTOKENTYPE yy0;
  struct LimitVal yy64;
  Expr* yy122;
  Select* yy159;
  IdList* yy180;
  struct {int value; int mask;} yy207;
  u8 yy258;

  struct LikeOp yy318;
  TriggerStep* yy327;
  ExprSpan yy342;
  SrcList* yy347;
  int yy392;
  struct TrigEvent yy410;
  ExprList* yy442;
................................................................................
      case 31: /* temp ::= */ yytestcase(yyruleno==31);
      case 69: /* autoinc ::= */ yytestcase(yyruleno==69);
      case 82: /* defer_subclause ::= NOT DEFERRABLE init_deferred_pred_opt */ yytestcase(yyruleno==82);
      case 84: /* init_deferred_pred_opt ::= */ yytestcase(yyruleno==84);
      case 86: /* init_deferred_pred_opt ::= INITIALLY IMMEDIATE */ yytestcase(yyruleno==86);
      case 98: /* defer_subclause_opt ::= */ yytestcase(yyruleno==98);
      case 109: /* ifexists ::= */ yytestcase(yyruleno==109);
      case 120: /* distinct ::= ALL */ yytestcase(yyruleno==120);
      case 121: /* distinct ::= */ yytestcase(yyruleno==121);
      case 221: /* between_op ::= BETWEEN */ yytestcase(yyruleno==221);
      case 224: /* in_op ::= IN */ yytestcase(yyruleno==224);
{yygotominor.yy392 = 0;}
        break;
      case 29: /* ifnotexists ::= IF NOT EXISTS */
      case 30: /* temp ::= TEMP */ yytestcase(yyruleno==30);
      case 70: /* autoinc ::= AUTOINCR */ yytestcase(yyruleno==70);
      case 85: /* init_deferred_pred_opt ::= INITIALLY DEFERRED */ yytestcase(yyruleno==85);
      case 108: /* ifexists ::= IF EXISTS */ yytestcase(yyruleno==108);
      case 119: /* distinct ::= DISTINCT */ yytestcase(yyruleno==119);
      case 222: /* between_op ::= NOT BETWEEN */ yytestcase(yyruleno==222);
      case 225: /* in_op ::= NOT IN */ yytestcase(yyruleno==225);
{yygotominor.yy392 = 1;}
        break;
      case 32: /* create_table_args ::= LP columnlist conslist_opt RP */
{
  sqlite3EndTable(pParse,&yymsp[-1].minor.yy0,&yymsp[0].minor.yy0,0);
................................................................................
}
        break;
      case 116: /* multiselect_op ::= UNION ALL */
{yygotominor.yy392 = TK_ALL;}
        break;
      case 118: /* oneselect ::= SELECT distinct selcollist from where_opt groupby_opt having_opt orderby_opt limit_opt */
{
  yygotominor.yy159 = sqlite3SelectNew(pParse,yymsp[-6].minor.yy442,yymsp[-5].minor.yy347,yymsp[-4].minor.yy122,yymsp[-3].minor.yy442,yymsp[-2].minor.yy122,yymsp[-1].minor.yy442,yymsp[-7].minor.yy392,yymsp[0].minor.yy64.pLimit,yymsp[0].minor.yy64.pOffset);
}







        break;
      case 122: /* sclp ::= selcollist COMMA */
      case 246: /* idxlist_opt ::= LP idxlist RP */ yytestcase(yyruleno==246);
{yygotominor.yy442 = yymsp[-1].minor.yy442;}
        break;
      case 123: /* sclp ::= */
      case 151: /* orderby_opt ::= */ yytestcase(yyruleno==151);
................................................................................
    yygotominor.yy347 = sqlite3SrcListAppendFromTerm(pParse,yymsp[-6].minor.yy347,0,0,&yymsp[-2].minor.yy0,yymsp[-4].minor.yy159,yymsp[-1].minor.yy122,yymsp[0].minor.yy180);
  }
        break;
      case 136: /* seltablist ::= stl_prefix LP seltablist RP as on_opt using_opt */
{
    if( yymsp[-6].minor.yy347==0 && yymsp[-2].minor.yy0.n==0 && yymsp[-1].minor.yy122==0 && yymsp[0].minor.yy180==0 ){
      yygotominor.yy347 = yymsp[-4].minor.yy347;










    }else{
      Select *pSubquery;
      sqlite3SrcListShiftJoinType(yymsp[-4].minor.yy347);
      pSubquery = sqlite3SelectNew(pParse,0,yymsp[-4].minor.yy347,0,0,0,0,0,0,0);
      yygotominor.yy347 = sqlite3SrcListAppendFromTerm(pParse,yymsp[-6].minor.yy347,0,0,&yymsp[-2].minor.yy0,pSubquery,yymsp[-1].minor.yy122,yymsp[0].minor.yy180);
    }
  }
        break;
      case 137: /* dbnm ::= */
      case 146: /* indexed_opt ::= */ yytestcase(yyruleno==146);
{yygotominor.yy0.z=0; yygotominor.yy0.n=0;}
................................................................................
      case 196: /* expr ::= ID LP distinct exprlist RP */
{
  if( yymsp[-1].minor.yy442 && yymsp[-1].minor.yy442->nExpr>pParse->db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_FUNCTION_ARG] ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "too many arguments on function %T", &yymsp[-4].minor.yy0);
  }
  yygotominor.yy342.pExpr = sqlite3ExprFunction(pParse, yymsp[-1].minor.yy442, &yymsp[-4].minor.yy0);
  spanSet(&yygotominor.yy342,&yymsp[-4].minor.yy0,&yymsp[0].minor.yy0);
  if( yymsp[-2].minor.yy392 && yygotominor.yy342.pExpr ){
    yygotominor.yy342.pExpr->flags |= EP_Distinct;
  }
}
        break;
      case 197: /* expr ::= ID LP STAR RP */
{
  yygotominor.yy342.pExpr = sqlite3ExprFunction(pParse, 0, &yymsp[-3].minor.yy0);
................................................................................
      sqlite3BtreeRollback(p, tripCode);
      db->aDb[i].inTrans = 0;
    }
  }
  sqlite3VtabRollback(db);
  sqlite3EndBenignMalloc();

  if( db->flags&SQLITE_InternChanges ){
    sqlite3ExpirePreparedStatements(db);
    sqlite3ResetAllSchemasOfConnection(db);
  }

  /* Any deferred constraint violations have now been resolved. */
  db->nDeferredCons = 0;

................................................................................
** This ensures that each node is stored on a single database page. If the 
** database page-size is so large that more than RTREE_MAXCELLS entries 
** would fit in a single node, use a smaller node-size.
*/
static int getNodeSize(
  sqlite3 *db,                    /* Database handle */
  Rtree *pRtree,                  /* Rtree handle */
  int isCreate                    /* True for xCreate, false for xConnect */

){
  int rc;
  char *zSql;
  if( isCreate ){
    int iPageSize = 0;
    zSql = sqlite3_mprintf("PRAGMA %Q.page_size", pRtree->zDb);
    rc = getIntFromStmt(db, zSql, &iPageSize);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      pRtree->iNodeSize = iPageSize-64;
      if( (4+pRtree->nBytesPerCell*RTREE_MAXCELLS)<pRtree->iNodeSize ){
        pRtree->iNodeSize = 4+pRtree->nBytesPerCell*RTREE_MAXCELLS;
      }


    }
  }else{
    zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(
        "SELECT length(data) FROM '%q'.'%q_node' WHERE nodeno = 1",
        pRtree->zDb, pRtree->zName
    );
    rc = getIntFromStmt(db, zSql, &pRtree->iNodeSize);



  }

  sqlite3_free(zSql);
  return rc;
}

/* 
................................................................................
  pRtree->nDim = (argc-4)/2;
  pRtree->nBytesPerCell = 8 + pRtree->nDim*4*2;
  pRtree->eCoordType = eCoordType;
  memcpy(pRtree->zDb, argv[1], nDb);
  memcpy(pRtree->zName, argv[2], nName);

  /* Figure out the node size to use. */
  rc = getNodeSize(db, pRtree, isCreate);

  /* Create/Connect to the underlying relational database schema. If
  ** that is successful, call sqlite3_declare_vtab() to configure
  ** the r-tree table schema.
  */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( (rc = rtreeSqlInit(pRtree, db, argv[1], argv[2], isCreate)) ){


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1
2
3
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5
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8
9
10
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302
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304
305
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309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
...
440
441
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
...
674
675
676
677
678
679
680
681
682
683
684
685
686
687
688
689
690
....
1050
1051
1052
1053
1054
1055
1056
1057
1058
1059
1060
1061
1062
1063
1064
1065
1066
1067
1068
1069
1070
1071
1072
1073
1074
....
2169
2170
2171
2172
2173
2174
2175
2176
2177
2178
2179
2180
2181
2182
2183
....
8251
8252
8253
8254
8255
8256
8257
8258
8259
8260
8261
8262
8263
8264
8265
8266
8267
8268
8269
.....
10031
10032
10033
10034
10035
10036
10037
10038
10039
10040
10041
10042
10043
10044
10045
.....
10060
10061
10062
10063
10064
10065
10066
10067
10068
10069
10070
10071
10072
10073
10074
.....
10572
10573
10574
10575
10576
10577
10578
10579
10580
10581
10582
10583
10584
10585
10586
10587

10588
10589
10590
10591
10592
10593
10594
10595
10596
10597
10598
10599
.....
10859
10860
10861
10862
10863
10864
10865
10866
10867
10868
10869
10870
10871
10872
10873
10874
10875
10876
10877
10878
10879
10880
10881
10882
10883
10884
10885
10886
10887
10888
10889
10890
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10893
.....
11047
11048
11049
11050
11051
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11054
11055
11056
11057
11058
11059
11060
11061
.....
11200
11201
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11203
11204
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11207
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11210
11211
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11213
11214
.....
11913
11914
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11919
11920
11921
11922
11923
11924
11925
11926
11927
11928
11929
11930
11931
11932
11933
.....
11987
11988
11989
11990
11991
11992
11993
11994
11995
11996
11997
11998
11999
12000
12001
.....
12100
12101
12102
12103
12104
12105
12106
12107
12108
12109
12110
12111
12112
12113
12114
12115
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12118
.....
12173
12174
12175
12176
12177
12178
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12181
12182
12183
12184
12185
12186
12187
.....
12312
12313
12314
12315
12316
12317
12318
12319
12320
12321
12322
12323
12324
12325
12326
12327
12328
12329
.....
13225
13226
13227
13228
13229
13230
13231
13232
13233
13234
13235
13236
13237
13238
13239
.....
13411
13412
13413
13414
13415
13416
13417
13418
13419
13420
13421
13422
13423
13424
13425
.....
23322
23323
23324
23325
23326
23327
23328

23329



23330
23331
23332
23333
23334
23335
23336
.....
23347
23348
23349
23350
23351
23352
23353



23354
23355
23356
23357
23358
23359
23360
.....
23451
23452
23453
23454
23455
23456
23457



23458




23459
23460
23461
23462
23463
23464
23465
23466
23467

23468
23469
23470
23471
23472
23473
23474
23475
23476
23477
23478
23479
23480
23481
23482
23483
23484
23485
23486
.....
27665
27666
27667
27668
27669
27670
27671
27672
27673
27674
27675
27676
27677
27678
27679
.....
29898
29899
29900
29901
29902
29903
29904
29905
29906
29907
29908
29909
29910
29911
29912
.....
31119
31120
31121
31122
31123
31124
31125
31126
31127
31128
31129
31130
31131
31132
31133
.....
31752
31753
31754
31755
31756
31757
31758
31759
31760
31761
31762
31763
31764
31765
31766
31767
31768
31769
.....
31779
31780
31781
31782
31783
31784
31785
31786
31787
31788
31789
31790
31791
31792
31793
.....
31801
31802
31803
31804
31805
31806
31807
31808
31809
31810
31811
31812
31813
31814
31815
31816
31817
31818
31819
31820
31821
31822
31823
31824
31825
.....
31828
31829
31830
31831
31832
31833
31834
31835
31836
31837
31838
31839
31840
31841
31842
31843
31844
31845
.....
31848
31849
31850
31851
31852
31853
31854
31855
31856
31857
31858
31859
31860
31861
31862
31863
31864
31865
31866
31867
31868
31869
31870
31871
31872
31873
31874
31875
31876
31877
31878
31879
31880
31881
31882
31883
31884
31885
31886
31887
31888
31889
31890
31891
31892
31893
31894
31895
31896
31897
31898
31899
31900
31901
31902
31903
31904
.....
31969
31970
31971
31972
31973
31974
31975
31976
31977
31978
31979
31980
31981
31982
31983
31984
31985
31986
31987
31988
31989
31990
31991
31992
31993
31994
31995
.....
32024
32025
32026
32027
32028
32029
32030
32031
32032
32033
32034
32035
32036
32037
32038
32039
32040
32041
32042
32043
32044
32045
32046
32047
32048
32049
32050
32051
32052
32053
32054
32055
32056
32057
32058
32059
32060
.....
32212
32213
32214
32215
32216
32217
32218
32219
32220
32221
32222
32223
32224
32225
32226
.....
32905
32906
32907
32908
32909
32910
32911
32912
32913
32914
32915
32916
32917
32918
32919
.....
33129
33130
33131
33132
33133
33134
33135
33136
33137
33138
33139
33140
33141
33142
33143
.....
33209
33210
33211
33212
33213
33214
33215
33216
33217
33218
33219
33220
33221
33222
33223
.....
33824
33825
33826
33827
33828
33829
33830
33831
33832
33833
33834
33835
33836
33837
33838
33839
33840
33841


33842
33843
33844
33845
33846
33847
33848
33849
33850
33851
33852
33853
33854
.....
33963
33964
33965
33966
33967
33968
33969
33970
33971
33972
33973
33974
33975
33976
33977
33978
33979
33980
33981
33982
33983
33984
33985













33986
33987
33988
33989
33990
33991
33992
33993
33994
33995
33996
33997
33998
33999
34000
34001
34002
34003
34004
34005
34006
34007
34008
34009
34010
34011
34012
34013
34014
34015
34016
.....
34048
34049
34050
34051
34052
34053
34054
34055
34056
34057
34058
34059
34060
34061
34062
34063
34064
34065
34066
34067
34068
34069
34070
34071
34072
34073
34074
34075
34076
.....
34089
34090
34091
34092
34093
34094
34095
34096
34097
34098
34099
34100
34101
34102
34103
34104
.....
34258
34259
34260
34261
34262
34263
34264
34265
34266
34267
34268
34269






34270
34271
34272
34273
34274
34275
34276
34277
.....
34421
34422
34423
34424
34425
34426
34427
34428
34429
34430
34431
34432
34433
34434
34435
34436
34437
.....
34521
34522
34523
34524
34525
34526
34527
34528
34529
34530
34531
34532
34533
34534
34535
34536
.....
39200
39201
39202
39203
39204
39205
39206
39207
39208
39209
39210
39211
39212
39213
39214
39215
.....
39255
39256
39257
39258
39259
39260
39261
39262
39263
39264
39265
39266
39267
39268
39269
.....
39341
39342
39343
39344
39345
39346
39347
39348
39349
39350
39351
39352
39353
39354
39355
39356
39357
39358
39359
39360
39361
39362
39363
39364
39365
.....
39390
39391
39392
39393
39394
39395
39396
39397
39398
39399
39400
39401
39402
39403
39404
.....
40165
40166
40167
40168
40169
40170
40171
40172
40173
40174
40175
40176
40177
40178
40179
.....
41117
41118
41119
41120
41121
41122
41123
41124
41125
41126
41127
41128
41129
41130
41131
41132
41133
41134
41135
41136
41137
41138
41139
41140
41141
41142
41143
41144
41145
41146
41147
41148
41149
41150
.....
42189
42190
42191
42192
42193
42194
42195
42196
42197
42198
42199
42200
42201
42202
42203
42204
42205
42206
42207
.....
43278
43279
43280
43281
43282
43283
43284






























43285
43286
43287
43288
43289
43290
43291
.....
43305
43306
43307
43308
43309
43310
43311
43312
43313
43314
43315
43316
43317
43318
43319
43320
43321
43322
43323
43324
43325
43326
.....
43385
43386
43387
43388
43389
43390
43391
43392
43393
43394
43395
43396
43397
43398
43399
.....
43430
43431
43432
43433
43434
43435
43436
43437
43438
43439
43440
43441
43442
43443
43444
43445
43446
43447
43448
.....
43832
43833
43834
43835
43836
43837
43838
43839
43840
43841
43842
43843
43844
43845
43846
43847
.....
47837
47838
47839
47840
47841
47842
47843
47844
47845
47846
47847
47848
47849
47850
47851
.....
48404
48405
48406
48407
48408
48409
48410
48411
48412
48413
48414
48415
48416
48417
48418
48419
48420
48421
48422
48423
48424
48425
48426
48427
48428
48429
48430
48431
48432
48433
48434
48435
48436
.....
50975
50976
50977
50978
50979
50980
50981
50982
50983
50984
50985
50986
50987
50988
50989
.....
51292
51293
51294
51295
51296
51297
51298
51299
51300
51301
51302
51303
51304
51305

51306
51307
51308
51309
51310
51311



51312
51313

51314
51315
51316
51317
51318
51319
51320
51321
51322
.....
51333
51334
51335
51336
51337
51338
51339
51340
51341
51342
51343
51344
51345
51346
51347
51348
51349
51350
51351
51352
51353
51354
51355
51356
51357
51358
51359
51360
51361
51362
51363
51364
51365
51366
51367
51368
51369
51370
51371
51372
51373
51374
51375
51376
51377
51378
51379
51380
51381
51382
51383
51384
51385
51386
51387


51388

51389
51390
51391
51392
51393
51394
51395
51396
51397
51398
51399

51400













51401
51402
51403
51404
51405
51406
51407
51408
51409
51410
51411
51412
51413
51414
51415
51416
51417
51418
51419
51420
51421
51422
51423
51424
51425
51426
51427
51428
51429
51430
51431
51432
51433
51434
.....
51439
51440
51441
51442
51443
51444
51445
51446
51447
51448
51449
51450
51451
51452
51453
51454
51455
51456
51457
51458
51459
51460
51461
51462
51463
51464
51465
51466
51467
.....
51480
51481
51482
51483
51484
51485
51486

51487

51488
51489
51490
51491
51492
51493
51494
51495
51496
51497
51498
51499
51500








51501
51502
51503
51504
51505
51506
51507
51508
51509
51510
51511
51512
51513
51514
51515
51516
51517
51518
.....
51559
51560
51561
51562
51563
51564
51565
51566
51567
51568
51569
51570
51571
51572
51573
51574
51575
.....
51577
51578
51579
51580
51581
51582
51583
51584
51585
51586
51587
51588
51589
51590
51591
51592
51593
.....
53252
53253
53254
53255
53256
53257
53258
53259
53260
53261
53262
53263
53264
53265
53266
53267
53268
53269
53270
53271
53272
53273


53274
53275
53276
53277
53278
53279
53280
53281
53282
53283
53284
53285
53286
53287
53288
53289
53290
53291
53292
53293
53294
53295
53296
53297
53298
53299
53300
53301
53302
53303
53304
53305
53306
53307
53308
53309
53310
53311
53312
53313

53314
53315
53316
53317
53318
53319
53320
53321
53322
53323
53324
53325
53326
53327
53328
53329
53330
53331
53332
53333
53334
53335
53336
53337
.....
53365
53366
53367
53368
53369
53370
53371
53372
53373
53374
53375
53376
53377
53378
53379
53380
53381
53382
53383
53384
53385
.....
53434
53435
53436
53437
53438
53439
53440
53441
53442
53443
53444
53445
53446
53447
53448
53449
53450
53451
53452
53453
53454
53455
53456
53457
53458
53459
53460
53461
53462
53463
53464
53465
53466
53467
53468
53469
53470
53471
53472
53473
53474
53475
53476
53477
53478
53479
53480
53481
.....
53494
53495
53496
53497
53498
53499
53500
53501
53502
53503
53504
53505
53506
53507
53508
53509
53510
53511
53512
53513
53514
53515
53516
53517
53518
53519
53520
53521
53522
53523
53524
53525
53526
53527
.....
53528
53529
53530
53531
53532
53533
53534
53535
53536
53537
53538
53539
53540
53541
53542
53543
53544
53545
53546
53547
53548
53549
53550
53551
53552
53553
53554
53555
53556
.....
55557
55558
55559
55560
55561
55562
55563
55564
55565
55566
55567
55568
55569
55570
55571
.....
56464
56465
56466
56467
56468
56469
56470
56471
56472
56473
56474
56475
56476
56477
56478
.....
56999
57000
57001
57002
57003
57004
57005
57006
57007
57008
57009
57010
57011
57012
57013
57014
57015
57016
57017
57018
.....
57077
57078
57079
57080
57081
57082
57083
57084
57085
57086
57087
57088
57089
57090
57091
57092
57093
.....
57186
57187
57188
57189
57190
57191
57192
57193
57194
57195
57196
57197
57198
57199
57200
.....
57249
57250
57251
57252
57253
57254
57255

57256
57257
57258
57259
57260
57261
57262
57263
57264
57265
57266
57267
57268
57269
57270
57271
57272
57273
57274
57275
57276
57277
57278
57279
57280
57281
57282
57283
57284
57285
57286
57287
57288
57289
57290
57291
57292
57293
57294
57295
57296
57297
57298
57299
57300
57301
57302
57303
57304
57305
57306
57307
.....
57320
57321
57322
57323
57324
57325
57326
57327
57328
57329
57330
57331
57332
57333
57334
.....
57449
57450
57451
57452
57453
57454
57455
57456
57457
57458
57459
57460
57461
57462
57463
.....
57572
57573
57574
57575
57576
57577
57578
57579
57580
57581
57582
57583
57584
57585
57586
57587
57588
.....
58719
58720
58721
58722
58723
58724
58725












58726
58727
58728
58729
58730
58731
58732
.....
58848
58849
58850
58851
58852
58853
58854
58855
58856
58857
58858
58859
58860
58861
58862
58863
58864
.....
59069
59070
59071
59072
59073
59074
59075
59076
59077
59078
59079
59080
59081
59082
59083
.....
59204
59205
59206
59207
59208
59209
59210
59211
59212
59213
59214
59215
59216
59217
59218
.....
60230
60231
60232
60233
60234
60235
60236
60237
60238
60239
60240
60241
60242
60243
60244
.....
60472
60473
60474
60475
60476
60477
60478
60479
60480
60481
60482
60483
60484
60485
60486
.....
60764
60765
60766
60767
60768
60769
60770
60771
60772
60773
60774
60775
60776
60777
60778
60779
60780
60781
60782
60783
60784
60785
.....
60886
60887
60888
60889
60890
60891
60892
60893
60894
60895
60896
60897
60898
60899
60900
.....
60929
60930
60931
60932
60933
60934
60935
60936
60937
60938
60939
60940
60941
60942
60943
.....
61170
61171
61172
61173
61174
61175
61176
61177
61178
61179
61180
61181
61182
61183
61184
.....
63152
63153
63154
63155
63156
63157
63158
63159
63160
63161
63162
63163
63164
63165
63166
.....
64926
64927
64928
64929
64930
64931
64932
64933
64934
64935
64936
64937
64938
64939
64940
.....
70258
70259
70260
70261
70262
70263
70264
70265
70266
70267
70268
70269
70270
70271
70272
.....
72035
72036
72037
72038
72039
72040
72041
72042
72043
72044
72045
72046
72047
72048
72049
72050
72051
72052
72053
72054
72055
72056
.....
72789
72790
72791
72792
72793
72794
72795
72796
72797
72798
72799
72800
72801
72802
72803
72804
72805
72806
72807
72808
72809
72810
72811
72812
72813
72814
72815
72816
72817
72818
72819
72820
72821
72822
72823
72824
72825
72826
72827
72828
72829
72830
72831
.....
72873
72874
72875
72876
72877
72878
72879
72880
72881
72882
72883
72884
72885
72886
72887
72888
72889
72890
72891
72892
72893
72894
72895
72896
72897
72898
72899
72900
72901
72902

72903
72904
72905
72906

72907
72908
72909
72910
72911
72912

72913
72914
72915
72916
72917
72918
72919
72920
72921

72922
72923
72924
72925
72926
72927
72928
72929
72930
72931
72932



72933
72934
72935
72936
72937
72938
72939
72940
72941
72942
72943
72944
72945


72946

72947
72948
72949
72950
72951
72952
72953
72954
72955
72956
72957
72958
72959
72960
72961
72962
72963
72964
72965
.....
73286
73287
73288
73289
73290
73291
73292
73293
73294
73295
73296
73297
73298
73299
73300
.....
73722
73723
73724
73725
73726
73727
73728

















73729
73730
73731
73732
73733
73734
73735
.....
73748
73749
73750
73751
73752
73753
73754
73755
73756
73757
73758
73759
73760
73761
73762
73763
73764
73765
73766
73767
73768
73769
73770
73771
73772
73773
73774
73775
73776
73777
73778
.....
74606
74607
74608
74609
74610
74611
74612
74613
74614
74615
74616
74617
74618
74619
74620
.....
76903
76904
76905
76906
76907
76908
76909
76910
76911
76912
76913
76914
76915
76916
76917
76918
.....
77250
77251
77252
77253
77254
77255
77256
77257
77258
77259
77260
77261
77262
77263
77264
77265
77266
77267
77268
77269
.....
79463
79464
79465
79466
79467
79468
79469
79470
79471
79472
79473
79474
79475
79476
79477
.....
79873
79874
79875
79876
79877
79878
79879
79880
79881
79882
79883
79884
79885
79886
79887
.....
83375
83376
83377
83378
83379
83380
83381
83382
83383
83384
83385
83386
83387
83388
83389
83390
.....
83402
83403
83404
83405
83406
83407
83408
83409
83410
83411
83412
83413
83414
83415
83416
83417
.....
83522
83523
83524
83525
83526
83527
83528
83529
83530
83531
83532
83533
83534
83535
83536
.....
84620
84621
84622
84623
84624
84625
84626
84627
84628
84629
84630
84631
84632
84633
84634
84635
84636
84637
84638
84639
84640
84641
84642
84643
84644
84645
84646
.....
85377
85378
85379
85380
85381
85382
85383
85384
85385
85386

85387


85388
85389
85390
85391
85392
85393
85394

85395
85396
85397


85398
85399
85400
85401
85402
85403
85404
85405
85406
85407
85408
85409
85410
85411
85412
.....
86898
86899
86900
86901
86902
86903
86904
86905
86906
86907
86908
86909
86910
86911
86912
86913
86914
86915
86916
86917
86918
86919
86920
86921
86922
86923
86924
86925
86926
86927
86928
86929
86930
86931
86932
86933
86934
86935
86936
86937
86938
86939
86940
86941
86942
86943
86944
86945
86946
86947
86948
86949
86950
86951
86952
86953
86954
86955
86956
86957
86958
86959
86960
86961
86962
86963
86964
86965
86966
86967
.....
87582
87583
87584
87585
87586
87587
87588
87589
87590
87591
87592
87593
87594
87595
87596
87597
.....
87675
87676
87677
87678
87679
87680
87681
87682
87683
87684
87685
87686
87687
87688
87689
87690
87691
.....
87741
87742
87743
87744
87745
87746
87747
87748
87749
87750
87751
87752
87753
87754
87755
87756
.....
87798
87799
87800
87801
87802
87803
87804
87805
87806
87807
87808
87809
87810
87811
87812
.....
87834
87835
87836
87837
87838
87839
87840
87841
87842
87843
87844
87845
87846
87847
87848
.....
87931
87932
87933
87934
87935
87936
87937
87938
87939
87940
87941
87942
87943
87944
87945
87946
87947
.....
88082
88083
88084
88085
88086
88087
88088
88089
88090
88091
88092
88093
88094
88095
88096
88097
.....
88323
88324
88325
88326
88327
88328
88329
88330
88331
88332
88333
88334
88335
88336
88337
88338
.....
88394
88395
88396
88397
88398
88399
88400
88401
88402
88403
88404
88405
88406
88407
88408
.....
88474
88475
88476
88477
88478
88479
88480
88481
88482
88483
88484
88485
88486
88487
88488
.....
88529
88530
88531
88532
88533
88534
88535
88536
88537
88538
88539
88540
88541
88542
88543
.....
88655
88656
88657
88658
88659
88660
88661
88662
88663
88664
88665
88666
88667
88668
88669
.....
90128
90129
90130
90131
90132
90133
90134
90135
90136
90137
90138
90139
90140
90141
90142
.....
90168
90169
90170
90171
90172
90173
90174
90175
90176
90177
90178
90179
90180
90181
90182
90183
.....
90200
90201
90202
90203
90204
90205
90206
90207
90208
90209
90210
90211
90212
90213
90214
90215
.....
90328
90329
90330
90331
90332
90333
90334
90335
90336
90337
90338
90339
90340
90341
90342
90343
.....
90737
90738
90739
90740
90741
90742
90743
90744
90745
90746
90747
90748
90749
90750
90751
90752
.....
91195
91196
91197
91198
91199
91200
91201
91202
91203
91204
91205
91206
91207
91208
91209
91210
91211
91212
91213
91214
91215
91216
91217
91218
91219
91220
91221
91222
.....
91412
91413
91414
91415
91416
91417
91418
91419
91420
91421
91422
91423
91424
91425
91426
91427
91428
91429
91430
91431
91432
91433
91434
91435
91436
91437
91438
91439
.....
91795
91796
91797
91798
91799
91800
91801
91802
91803
91804
91805
91806
91807
91808
91809
91810
91811
91812
91813
91814
91815
91816
91817
91818
91819
91820
91821
.....
92274
92275
92276
92277
92278
92279
92280
92281
92282
92283
92284
92285
92286
92287
92288
92289
92290
.....
93041
93042
93043
93044
93045
93046
93047
93048
93049
93050
93051
93052
93053
93054
93055
93056
93057
93058
93059
93060
93061
93062
.....
93071
93072
93073
93074
93075
93076
93077
93078
93079
93080
93081
93082
93083
93084
93085

93086
93087
93088
93089
93090
93091
93092
.....
93094
93095
93096
93097
93098
93099
93100
93101
93102
93103
93104
93105
93106
93107
93108
.....
93121
93122
93123
93124
93125
93126
93127
93128
93129
93130
93131
93132
93133
93134
93135
.....
93185
93186
93187
93188
93189
93190
93191
93192
93193
93194
93195
93196
93197
93198
93199
.....
93219
93220
93221
93222
93223
93224
93225
93226
93227
93228
93229
93230
93231
93232
93233
93234
93235
93236
93237
93238
93239
93240
93241
93242
93243
93244
93245
93246
93247
93248
93249
93250
93251
93252
93253
93254
93255
93256
93257
93258
93259
93260
93261
93262
93263
93264
93265
93266
93267
93268
93269
93270
93271
93272
93273
93274
93275
93276
93277
93278
93279
93280
93281
93282
93283
93284
93285
93286
93287
93288
93289
93290
93291
93292
93293
93294
93295
93296
93297
93298
93299
93300
93301
93302
93303
93304
93305
93306
93307
93308
93309
93310
93311
93312
93313
93314
93315
93316
93317
93318
93319
93320
93321
93322
93323
93324
93325
93326
93327
93328
93329
93330
93331
93332
93333
93334
93335
93336
93337
93338
93339
93340
93341
93342
93343
93344
93345
93346
93347
93348
.....
93832
93833
93834
93835
93836
93837
93838
93839
93840
93841
93842
93843
93844
93845
93846
.....
94129
94130
94131
94132
94133
94134
94135
94136
94137
94138
94139
94140
94141
94142
94143
94144
94145
94146
94147
94148
94149
94150
94151
.....
94795
94796
94797
94798
94799
94800
94801
94802
94803
94804
94805
94806
94807
94808
94809
.....
94819
94820
94821
94822
94823
94824
94825
94826
94827
94828
94829
94830
94831
94832
94833
.....
96076
96077
96078
96079
96080
96081
96082


96083
96084
96085
96086
96087
96088
96089
.....
96113
96114
96115
96116
96117
96118
96119
96120
96121
96122
96123
96124
96125
96126
96127
96128
96129
.....
96447
96448
96449
96450
96451
96452
96453
96454
96455
96456
96457
96458
96459
96460
96461
96462
.....
97106
97107
97108
97109
97110
97111
97112
97113
97114
97115
97116
97117
97118
97119
97120
97121
.....
97289
97290
97291
97292
97293
97294
97295






97296
97297
97298
97299
97300
97301
97302
.....
97700
97701
97702
97703
97704
97705
97706
97707
97708
97709
97710
97711
97712
97713
97714
97715
97716
97717
97718
97719
97720
97721
97722
.....
97901
97902
97903
97904
97905
97906
97907
97908
97909
97910
97911
97912
97913
97914
97915
97916
97917
97918
97919
97920
97921
97922
97923
97924
97925
97926
97927
97928
97929
97930
97931
97932
97933
97934
97935
97936
97937
97938
97939
97940
97941
97942
97943
97944
97945
97946
97947
97948
97949
97950
97951
.....
98032
98033
98034
98035
98036
98037
98038
98039
98040
98041
98042
98043
98044
98045
98046
98047
98048

98049
98050
98051
98052
98053
98054
98055
.....
98084
98085
98086
98087
98088
98089
98090
98091
98092
98093
98094
98095
98096
98097
98098
98099
98100
98101
98102
98103
.....
98125
98126
98127
98128
98129
98130
98131
98132
98133
98134
98135
98136
98137
98138
98139
.....
98143
98144
98145
98146
98147
98148
98149
98150
98151
98152
98153
98154
98155
98156
98157
98158
98159
98160
98161
98162
98163
98164
98165
98166
98167
98168
.....
98169
98170
98171
98172
98173
98174
98175
98176
98177
98178
98179
98180


98181
98182
98183
98184
98185
98186
98187
98188
98189
98190
98191
98192
98193
98194
98195
98196

98197
98198
98199
98200

98201
98202
98203
98204
98205
98206
98207
98208
98209
98210
98211
98212
98213
98214
98215
98216
98217
98218
98219
98220
98221
98222
98223
98224
98225
98226
98227
98228
.....
98237
98238
98239
98240
98241
98242
98243
98244
98245
98246
98247
98248
98249
98250
98251
98252
98253
98254
98255
98256
98257
98258
98259
98260
98261
98262
98263
98264
98265
98266
98267
98268
98269
98270
98271
98272
98273
98274
98275
98276
98277
.....
98402
98403
98404
98405
98406
98407
98408
98409
98410
98411
98412
98413
98414
98415
98416
.....
99322
99323
99324
99325
99326
99327
99328
99329
99330
99331
99332
99333
99334
99335
99336
99337
99338


99339
99340
99341
99342
99343
99344
99345
99346
.....
99488
99489
99490
99491
99492
99493
99494
99495
99496
99497
99498
99499
99500
99501
99502
99503
99504
99505
......
103068
103069
103070
103071
103072
103073
103074
103075
103076
103077
103078
103079
103080
103081
103082
103083
......
103110
103111
103112
103113
103114
103115
103116

103117
103118
103119
103120
103121
103122
103123
......
103196
103197
103198
103199
103200
103201
103202
103203
103204
103205
103206
103207
103208
103209
103210
......
103223
103224
103225
103226
103227
103228
103229
103230
103231
103232
103233
103234
103235
103236
103237
......
103286
103287
103288
103289
103290
103291
103292

103293
103294
103295
103296
103297
103298
103299
......
103372
103373
103374
103375
103376
103377
103378
103379
103380
103381
103382
103383
103384
103385
103386
......
103598
103599
103600
103601
103602
103603
103604
103605
103606
103607
103608
103609
103610
103611
103612
103613
103614
103615
103616
103617
103618
103619
103620
103621
103622
103623
103624
103625
103626
103627
103628
103629
103630
103631
103632
103633
103634
103635
103636
103637
103638
103639
103640
103641
103642

103643
103644
103645
103646
103647
103648

103649
103650
103651
103652
103653


103654
103655
103656


103657
103658
103659
103660
103661
103662
103663
103664
103665
103666
103667
103668
103669
103670
103671
103672
103673
103674
103675
103676
103677
103678
103679
103680
103681
103682
103683
103684
103685
103686
103687
103688
103689
103690
103691
103692
103693
103694
103695
103696
103697
103698
103699
103700
103701
103702
103703
103704
103705
103706
103707
103708
103709
103710
103711
103712
103713
103714
103715
103716
......
103888
103889
103890
103891
103892
103893
103894
103895
103896
103897
103898
103899
103900
103901
103902
......
103976
103977
103978
103979
103980
103981
103982
103983
103984
103985
103986

103987
103988
103989
103990
103991
103992
103993
......
104018
104019
104020
104021
104022
104023
104024
104025
104026
104027
104028
104029
104030
104031
104032
......
104069
104070
104071
104072
104073
104074
104075
104076
104077
104078
104079
104080
104081
104082
104083
......
104095
104096
104097
104098
104099
104100
104101
104102
104103
104104
104105
104106
104107
104108
104109
104110
104111
104112
104113
104114
104115
104116
104117
104118
104119
......
104141
104142
104143
104144
104145
104146
104147
104148
104149
104150
104151
104152
104153
104154
104155
......
104170
104171
104172
104173
104174
104175
104176

104177
104178
104179
104180
104181
104182
104183
......
104212
104213
104214
104215
104216
104217
104218
104219
104220
104221
104222
104223
104224
104225
104226
104227
......
104239
104240
104241
104242
104243
104244
104245
104246
104247
104248
104249
104250
104251
104252
104253
104254
104255
104256
104257
104258
104259
104260
104261
104262
104263
104264
104265
......
104266
104267
104268
104269
104270
104271
104272
104273
104274
104275
104276
104277
104278
104279
104280
104281
104282
104283
104284
104285
104286
104287
104288
104289
104290
104291
104292
104293
104294
104295
104296
104297
104298
......
104743
104744
104745
104746
104747
104748
104749
104750
104751
104752
104753
104754
104755
104756
104757
......
104764
104765
104766
104767
104768
104769
104770
104771
104772
104773
104774
104775
104776
104777
104778
......
104825
104826
104827
104828
104829
104830
104831
104832
104833
104834
104835
104836
104837
104838
104839
......
105087
105088
105089
105090
105091
105092
105093
105094
105095
105096
105097
105098
105099
105100
105101
105102
105103
105104
......
105138
105139
105140
105141
105142
105143
105144
105145
105146

105147
105148
105149
105150
105151
105152
105153
105154
105155
105156
105157
105158
105159
105160
105161
105162
105163
105164
105165
105166
105167
105168
105169
105170
105171
105172
105173
......
105243
105244
105245
105246
105247
105248
105249
105250
105251
105252
105253
105254
105255
105256
105257
105258
105259
105260
......
105281
105282
105283
105284
105285
105286
105287
105288
105289
105290
105291
105292
105293
105294
105295
105296
105297
105298
105299
105300
105301
105302
105303
105304
105305
105306
105307
105308
105309
105310
105311
105312
105313
105314
105315
105316
105317
105318
105319
105320
105321
105322
105323
105324
105325
105326
105327
105328
105329
105330
105331
105332
105333
105334
105335
105336
105337
105338
105339
105340
105341
105342
105343
105344
105345
105346
105347
105348
105349
105350
105351
105352
105353
105354
105355
105356
105357
105358
105359
105360
105361
105362
105363
105364
105365
105366
105367
105368
105369
105370
105371
105372
105373
105374
105375
105376
105377
105378
105379
105380
105381
105382
105383
105384
......
105394
105395
105396
105397
105398
105399
105400
105401
105402
105403
105404
105405
105406
105407
105408
105409
......
105666
105667
105668
105669
105670
105671
105672
105673
105674
105675
105676
105677
105678
105679
105680
105681
105682
105683
105684
105685
105686
105687
105688
105689
105690
105691
105692
105693
105694
105695
105696
105697
......
105991
105992
105993
105994
105995
105996
105997
105998
105999



106000
106001
106002
106003
106004
106005
106006
106007
......
106296
106297
106298
106299
106300
106301
106302
106303
106304
106305
106306
106307
106308
106309
106310
106311
......
106343
106344
106345
106346
106347
106348
106349
106350
106351
106352
106353
106354
106355
106356
106357
......
106406
106407
106408
106409
106410
106411
106412
106413
106414
106415
106416
106417
106418
106419
106420
106421
106422
106423
106424
106425
106426
......
106559
106560
106561
106562
106563
106564
106565
106566
106567
106568
106569
106570
106571
106572
106573
......
106611
106612
106613
106614
106615
106616
106617
106618
106619
106620
106621
106622
106623
106624
106625
106626
106627
......
106638
106639
106640
106641
106642
106643
106644
106645
106646
106647
106648
106649
106650
106651
106652
106653
......
106763
106764
106765
106766
106767
106768
106769
106770
106771
106772
106773
106774
106775
106776
106777
106778
106779
106780
106781
106782
106783
......
106787
106788
106789
106790
106791
106792
106793
106794
106795
106796
106797
106798
106799
106800
106801
......
107142
107143
107144
107145
107146
107147
107148
107149
107150
107151
107152
107153
107154
107155
107156
107157
107158
107159
107160
107161
107162
107163
107164
107165
107166
107167
107168
107169
107170
107171
107172
107173
107174
107175
107176
107177
107178
107179
107180
107181
107182
107183
107184
107185
......
107198
107199
107200
107201
107202
107203
107204

107205
107206
107207
107208
107209
107210
107211
107212
107213
107214
107215
107216
107217
107218
......
107589
107590
107591
107592
107593
107594
107595
107596
107597
107598
107599
107600
107601
107602
107603
......
107662
107663
107664
107665
107666
107667
107668
107669
107670
107671
107672
107673
107674
107675
107676
......
108040
108041
108042
108043
108044
108045
108046





108047
108048
108049
108050
108051

108052
108053





108054
108055
108056
108057
108058
108059
108060
......
108106
108107
108108
108109
108110
108111
108112
108113
108114
108115
108116
108117
108118
108119
108120
......
108141
108142
108143
108144
108145
108146
108147
108148
108149


108150
108151
108152
108153
108154
108155
108156
......
108157
108158
108159
108160
108161
108162
108163
108164
108165
108166
108167
108168
108169
108170
108171
108172
108173
108174
108175
108176
108177
108178
108179
108180
108181
108182
108183
108184
108185
108186
108187
108188
108189
108190
108191
108192
108193
108194
108195
108196
108197
108198
108199
108200
108201
108202
108203
108204
......
108220
108221
108222
108223
108224
108225
108226
108227
108228
108229
108230
108231
108232
108233
108234
108235
......
108266
108267
108268
108269
108270
108271
108272

108273
108274
108275
108276
108277
108278
108279
108280
108281
108282
108283
108284
108285
108286
108287
108288
108289
108290
108291
108292
......
108530
108531
108532
108533
108534
108535
108536
108537
108538
108539
108540
108541
108542
108543
108544
......
108838
108839
108840
108841
108842
108843
108844
108845
108846
108847
108848
108849
108850
108851
108852
......
110789
110790
110791
110792
110793
110794
110795


110796
110797
110798
110799
110800
110801
110802
110803
110804

110805
110806
110807
110808
110809
110810
110811
......
111037
111038
111039
111040
111041
111042
111043
111044
111045
111046
111047
111048
111049
111050
111051
111052
111053
111054
111055
111056
111057
111058
111059
......
111115
111116
111117
111118
111119
111120
111121
111122
111123
111124
111125
111126
111127
111128
111129
111130
111131
111132
111133
111134
111135
111136
111137
111138
111139
111140
111141
111142
......
111361
111362
111363
111364
111365
111366
111367
111368
111369
111370
111371
111372
111373
111374
111375
......
114296
114297
114298
114299
114300
114301
114302
114303
114304
114305
114306
114307
114308
114309
114310
......
137008
137009
137010
137011
137012
137013
137014
137015
137016
137017
137018
137019
137020
137021
137022
137023
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137031
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137036
137037
137038
137039
137040
137041
137042
137043
137044
137045
137046
137047
......
137097
137098
137099
137100
137101
137102
137103
137104
137105
137106
137107
137108
137109
137110
137111
/******************************************************************************
** This file is an amalgamation of many separate C source files from SQLite
** version 3.7.16.  By combining all the individual C code files into this 
** single large file, the entire code can be compiled as a single translation
** unit.  This allows many compilers to do optimizations that would not be
** possible if the files were compiled separately.  Performance improvements
** of 5% or more are commonly seen when SQLite is compiled as a single
** translation unit.
**
** This file is all you need to compile SQLite.  To use SQLite in other
................................................................................
#endif

/* Needed for various definitions... */
#ifndef _GNU_SOURCE
# define _GNU_SOURCE
#endif

#if defined(__OpenBSD__) && !defined(_BSD_SOURCE)
# define _BSD_SOURCE
#endif

/*
** Include standard header files as necessary
*/
#ifdef HAVE_STDINT_H
#include <stdint.h>
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_INTTYPES_H
................................................................................
** Later we learn that _XOPEN_SOURCE is poorly or incorrectly
** implemented on some systems.  So we avoid defining it at all
** if it is already defined or if it is unneeded because we are
** not doing a threadsafe build.  Ticket #2681.
**
** See also ticket #2741.
*/
#if !defined(_XOPEN_SOURCE) && !defined(__DARWIN__) \
 && !defined(__APPLE__) && SQLITE_THREADSAFE
#  define _XOPEN_SOURCE 500  /* Needed to enable pthread recursive mutexes */
#endif

/*
** The TCL headers are only needed when compiling the TCL bindings.
*/
#if defined(SQLITE_TCL) || defined(TCLSH)
................................................................................
** string contains the date and time of the check-in (UTC) and an SHA1
** hash of the entire source tree.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.7.16"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3007016
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2013-03-11 13:37:52 f9027cb47bdec8dcebf1f038921b28d9e9928c18"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version, sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_BUSY_RECOVERY           (SQLITE_BUSY   |  (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_NOTEMPDIR      (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_ISDIR          (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_FULLPATH       (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (3<<8))
#define SQLITE_CORRUPT_VTAB            (SQLITE_CORRUPT | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_READONLY_RECOVERY       (SQLITE_READONLY | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_READONLY_CANTLOCK       (SQLITE_READONLY | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_READONLY_ROLLBACK       (SQLITE_READONLY | (3<<8))
#define SQLITE_ABORT_ROLLBACK          (SQLITE_ABORT | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_CHECK        (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_COMMITHOOK   (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_FOREIGNKEY   (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (3<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_FUNCTION     (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (4<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_NOTNULL      (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (5<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_PRIMARYKEY   (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (6<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_TRIGGER      (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (7<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_UNIQUE       (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (8<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_VTAB         (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (9<<8))

/*
** CAPI3REF: Flags For File Open Operations
**
** These bit values are intended for use in the
** 3rd parameter to the [sqlite3_open_v2()] interface and
** in the 4th parameter to the [sqlite3_vfs.xOpen] method.
................................................................................
** connection is opened. If it is globally disabled, filenames are
** only interpreted as URIs if the SQLITE_OPEN_URI flag is set when the
** database connection is opened. By default, URI handling is globally
** disabled. The default value may be changed by compiling with the
** [SQLITE_USE_URI] symbol defined.
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_COVERING_INDEX_SCAN]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_COVERING_INDEX_SCAN
** <dd> This option takes a single integer argument which is interpreted as
** a boolean in order to enable or disable the use of covering indices for
** full table scans in the query optimizer.  The default setting is determined
** by the [SQLITE_ALLOW_COVERING_INDEX_SCAN] compile-time option, or is "on"
** if that compile-time option is omitted.
** The ability to disable the use of covering indices for full table scans
** is because some incorrectly coded legacy applications might malfunction
** malfunction when the optimization is enabled.  Providing the ability to
................................................................................

/*
** A convenience macro that returns the number of elements in
** an array.
*/
#define ArraySize(X)    ((int)(sizeof(X)/sizeof(X[0])))

/*
** Determine if the argument is a power of two
*/
#define IsPowerOfTwo(X) (((X)&((X)-1))==0)

/*
** The following value as a destructor means to use sqlite3DbFree().
** The sqlite3DbFree() routine requires two parameters instead of the 
** one parameter that destructors normally want.  So we have to introduce 
** this magic value that the code knows to handle differently.  Any 
** pointer will work here as long as it is distinct from SQLITE_STATIC
** and SQLITE_TRANSIENT.
................................................................................
                                          /*   DELETE, or UPDATE and return */
                                          /*   the count using a callback. */
#define SQLITE_NullCallback   0x00000020  /* Invoke the callback once if the */
                                          /*   result set is empty */
#define SQLITE_SqlTrace       0x00000040  /* Debug print SQL as it executes */
#define SQLITE_VdbeListing    0x00000080  /* Debug listings of VDBE programs */
#define SQLITE_WriteSchema    0x00000100  /* OK to update SQLITE_MASTER */
#define SQLITE_VdbeAddopTrace 0x00000200  /* Trace sqlite3VdbeAddOp() calls */
#define SQLITE_IgnoreChecks   0x00000400  /* Do not enforce check constraints */
#define SQLITE_ReadUncommitted 0x0000800  /* For shared-cache mode */
#define SQLITE_LegacyFileFmt  0x00001000  /* Create new databases in format 1 */
#define SQLITE_FullFSync      0x00002000  /* Use full fsync on the backend */
#define SQLITE_CkptFullFSync  0x00004000  /* Use full fsync for checkpoint */
#define SQLITE_RecoveryMode   0x00008000  /* Ignore schema errors */
#define SQLITE_ReverseOrder   0x00010000  /* Reverse unordered SELECTs */
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_GroupByOrder   0x0004   /* GROUPBY cover of ORDERBY */
#define SQLITE_FactorOutConst 0x0008   /* Constant factoring */
#define SQLITE_IdxRealAsInt   0x0010   /* Store REAL as INT in indices */
#define SQLITE_DistinctOpt    0x0020   /* DISTINCT using indexes */
#define SQLITE_CoverIdxScan   0x0040   /* Covering index scans */
#define SQLITE_OrderByIdxJoin 0x0080   /* ORDER BY of joins via index */
#define SQLITE_SubqCoroutine  0x0100   /* Evaluate subqueries as coroutines */
#define SQLITE_Transitive     0x0200   /* Transitive constraints */
#define SQLITE_AllOpts        0xffff   /* All optimizations */

/*
** Macros for testing whether or not optimizations are enabled or disabled.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST
#define OptimizationDisabled(db, mask)  (((db)->dbOptFlags&(mask))!=0)
................................................................................
** must be unique and what to do if they are not.  When Index.onError=OE_None,
** it means this is not a unique index.  Otherwise it is a unique index
** and the value of Index.onError indicate the which conflict resolution 
** algorithm to employ whenever an attempt is made to insert a non-unique
** element.
*/
struct Index {
  char *zName;             /* Name of this index */
  int *aiColumn;           /* Which columns are used by this index.  1st is 0 */
  tRowcnt *aiRowEst;       /* From ANALYZE: Est. rows selected by each column */
  Table *pTable;           /* The SQL table being indexed */
  char *zColAff;           /* String defining the affinity of each column */
  Index *pNext;            /* The next index associated with the same table */
  Schema *pSchema;         /* Schema containing this index */
  u8 *aSortOrder;          /* for each column: True==DESC, False==ASC */
  char **azColl;           /* Array of collation sequence names for index */

  int tnum;                /* DB Page containing root of this index */
  u16 nColumn;             /* Number of columns in table used by this index */
  u8 onError;              /* OE_Abort, OE_Ignore, OE_Replace, or OE_None */
  unsigned autoIndex:2;    /* 1==UNIQUE, 2==PRIMARY KEY, 0==CREATE INDEX */
  unsigned bUnordered:1;   /* Use this index for == or IN queries only */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
  int nSample;             /* Number of elements in aSample[] */
  tRowcnt avgEq;           /* Average nEq value for key values not in aSample */
  IndexSample *aSample;    /* Samples of the left-most key */
#endif
};

................................................................................
/*
** A list of expressions.  Each expression may optionally have a
** name.  An expr/name combination can be used in several ways, such
** as the list of "expr AS ID" fields following a "SELECT" or in the
** list of "ID = expr" items in an UPDATE.  A list of expressions can
** also be used as the argument to a function, in which case the a.zName
** field is not used.
**
** By default the Expr.zSpan field holds a human-readable description of
** the expression that is used in the generation of error messages and
** column labels.  In this case, Expr.zSpan is typically the text of a
** column expression as it exists in a SELECT statement.  However, if
** the bSpanIsTab flag is set, then zSpan is overloaded to mean the name
** of the result column in the form: DATABASE.TABLE.COLUMN.  This later
** form is used for name resolution with nested FROM clauses.
*/
struct ExprList {
  int nExpr;             /* Number of expressions on the list */
  int iECursor;          /* VDBE Cursor associated with this ExprList */
  struct ExprList_item { /* For each expression in the list */
    Expr *pExpr;            /* The list of expressions */
    char *zName;            /* Token associated with this expression */
    char *zSpan;            /* Original text of the expression */
    u8 sortOrder;           /* 1 for DESC or 0 for ASC */
    unsigned done :1;       /* A flag to indicate when processing is finished */
    unsigned bSpanIsTab :1; /* zSpan holds DB.TABLE.COLUMN */
    u16 iOrderByCol;        /* For ORDER BY, column number in result set */
    u16 iAlias;             /* Index into Parse.aAlias[] for zName */
  } *a;                  /* Alloc a power of two greater or equal to nExpr */
};

/*
** An instance of this structure is used by the parser to record both
** the parse tree for an expression and the span of input text for an
** expression.
................................................................................
  int p1, p2;           /* Operands of the opcode used to ends the loop */
  union {               /* Information that depends on plan.wsFlags */
    struct {
      int nIn;              /* Number of entries in aInLoop[] */
      struct InLoop {
        int iCur;              /* The VDBE cursor used by this IN operator */
        int addrInTop;         /* Top of the IN loop */
        u8 eEndLoopOp;         /* IN Loop terminator. OP_Next or OP_Prev */
      } *aInLoop;           /* Information about each nested IN operator */
    } in;                 /* Used when plan.wsFlags&WHERE_IN_ABLE */
    Index *pCovidx;       /* Possible covering index for WHERE_MULTI_OR */
  } u;
  double rOptCost;      /* "Optimal" cost for this level */

  /* The following field is really not part of the current level.  But
................................................................................
#define SF_Aggregate       0x0004  /* Contains aggregate functions */
#define SF_UsesEphemeral   0x0008  /* Uses the OpenEphemeral opcode */
#define SF_Expanded        0x0010  /* sqlite3SelectExpand() called on this */
#define SF_HasTypeInfo     0x0020  /* FROM subqueries have Table metadata */
#define SF_UseSorter       0x0040  /* Sort using a sorter */
#define SF_Values          0x0080  /* Synthesized from VALUES clause */
#define SF_Materialize     0x0100  /* Force materialization of views */
#define SF_NestedFrom      0x0200  /* Part of a parenthesized FROM clause */


/*
** The results of a select can be distributed in several ways.  The
** "SRT" prefix means "SELECT Result Type".
*/
#define SRT_Union        1  /* Store result as keys in an index */
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3IdListDelete(sqlite3*, IdList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SrcListDelete(sqlite3*, SrcList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Index *sqlite3CreateIndex(Parse*,Token*,Token*,SrcList*,ExprList*,int,Token*,
                        Token*, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DropIndex(Parse*, SrcList*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Select(Parse*, Select*, SelectDest*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Select *sqlite3SelectNew(Parse*,ExprList*,SrcList*,Expr*,ExprList*,
                         Expr*,ExprList*,u16,Expr*,Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SelectDelete(sqlite3*, Select*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Table *sqlite3SrcListLookup(Parse*, SrcList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3IsReadOnly(Parse*, Table*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3OpenTable(Parse*, int iCur, int iDb, Table*, int);
#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_UPDATE_DELETE_LIMIT) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY)
SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3LimitWhere(Parse*,SrcList*,Expr*,ExprList*,Expr*,Expr*,char*);
#endif
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DeleteFrom(Parse*, SrcList*, Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Update(Parse*, SrcList*, ExprList*, Expr*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE WhereInfo *sqlite3WhereBegin(Parse*,SrcList*,Expr*,ExprList*,ExprList*,u16,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3WhereEnd(WhereInfo*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumn(Parse*, Table*, int, int, int, u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(Vdbe*, Table*, int, int, int);
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3GenerateConstraintChecks(Parse*,Table*,int,int,
                                     int*,int,int,int,int,int*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3CompleteInsertion(Parse*, Table*, int, int, int*, int, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3OpenTableAndIndices(Parse*, Table*, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(Parse*, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3MultiWrite(Parse*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3MayAbort(Parse*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3HaltConstraint(Parse*, int, int, char*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3ExprDup(sqlite3*,Expr*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE ExprList *sqlite3ExprListDup(sqlite3*,ExprList*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE SrcList *sqlite3SrcListDup(sqlite3*,SrcList*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE IdList *sqlite3IdListDup(sqlite3*,IdList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Select *sqlite3SelectDup(sqlite3*,Select*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3FuncDefInsert(FuncDefHash*, FuncDef*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE FuncDef *sqlite3FindFunction(sqlite3*,const char*,int,int,u8,u8);
................................................................................
**     x = sqlite3GetVarint32( A, &B );
**     x = sqlite3PutVarint32( A, B );
**
**     x = getVarint32( A, B );
**     x = putVarint32( A, B );
**
*/
#define getVarint32(A,B)  \
  (u8)((*(A)<(u8)0x80)?((B)=(u32)*(A)),1:sqlite3GetVarint32((A),(u32 *)&(B)))
#define putVarint32(A,B)  \
  (u8)(((u32)(B)<(u32)0x80)?(*(A)=(unsigned char)(B)),1:\
  sqlite3PutVarint32((A),(B)))
#define getVarint    sqlite3GetVarint
#define putVarint    sqlite3PutVarint


SQLITE_PRIVATE const char *sqlite3IndexAffinityStr(Vdbe *, Index *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3TableAffinityStr(Vdbe *, Table *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE char sqlite3CompareAffinity(Expr *pExpr, char aff2);
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AlterFunctions(void);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AlterRenameTable(Parse*, SrcList*, Token*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3GetToken(const unsigned char *, int *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3NestedParse(Parse*, const char*, ...);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExpirePreparedStatements(sqlite3*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3CodeSubselect(Parse *, Expr *, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SelectPrep(Parse*, Select*, NameContext*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3MatchSpanName(const char*, const char*, const char*, const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ResolveExprNames(NameContext*, Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ResolveSelectNames(Parse*, Select*, NameContext*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ResolveOrderGroupBy(Parse*, Select*, ExprList*, const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ColumnDefault(Vdbe *, Table *, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AlterFinishAddColumn(Parse *, Token *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AlterBeginAddColumn(Parse *, SrcList *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE CollSeq *sqlite3GetCollSeq(Parse*, u8, CollSeq *, const char*);
................................................................................
  #define sqlite3FkCheck(a,b,c,d)
  #define sqlite3FkDropTable(a,b,c)
  #define sqlite3FkOldmask(a,b)      0
  #define sqlite3FkRequired(a,b,c,d) 0
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3FkDelete(sqlite3 *, Table*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   int sqlite3FkLocateIndex(Parse*,Table*,FKey*,Index**,int**);
#else
  #define sqlite3FkDelete(a,b)
  #define sqlite3FkLocateIndex(a,b,c,d,e)
#endif


/*
** Available fault injectors.  Should be numbered beginning with 0.
*/
#define SQLITE_FAULTINJECTOR_MALLOC     0
................................................................................
  VdbeFrame *pParent;     /* Parent of this frame, or NULL if parent is main */
  Op *aOp;                /* Program instructions for parent frame */
  Mem *aMem;              /* Array of memory cells for parent frame */
  u8 *aOnceFlag;          /* Array of OP_Once flags for parent frame */
  VdbeCursor **apCsr;     /* Array of Vdbe cursors for parent frame */
  void *token;            /* Copy of SubProgram.token */
  i64 lastRowid;          /* Last insert rowid (sqlite3.lastRowid) */
  int nCursor;            /* Number of entries in apCsr */
  int pc;                 /* Program Counter in parent (calling) frame */
  int nOp;                /* Size of aOp array */
  int nMem;               /* Number of entries in aMem */
  int nOnceFlag;          /* Number of entries in aOnceFlag */
  int nChildMem;          /* Number of memory cells for child frame */
  int nChildCsr;          /* Number of cursors for child frame */
  int nChange;            /* Statement changes (Vdbe.nChanges)     */
................................................................................
  Mem *pResultSet;        /* Pointer to an array of results */
  int nMem;               /* Number of memory locations currently allocated */
  int nOp;                /* Number of instructions in the program */
  int nOpAlloc;           /* Number of slots allocated for aOp[] */
  int nLabel;             /* Number of labels used */
  int *aLabel;            /* Space to hold the labels */
  u16 nResColumn;         /* Number of columns in one row of the result set */
  int nCursor;            /* Number of slots in apCsr[] */
  u32 magic;              /* Magic number for sanity checking */
  char *zErrMsg;          /* Error message written here */
  Vdbe *pPrev,*pNext;     /* Linked list of VDBEs with the same Vdbe.db */
  VdbeCursor **apCsr;     /* One element of this array for each open cursor */
  Mem *aVar;              /* Values for the OP_Variable opcode. */
  char **azVar;           /* Name of variables */
  ynVar nVar;             /* Number of entries in aVar[] */
................................................................................
  { "pwrite64",     (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)pwrite64,   0  },
#else
  { "pwrite64",     (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)0,          0  },
#endif
#define osPwrite64  ((ssize_t(*)(int,const void*,size_t,off_t))\
                    aSyscall[13].pCurrent)


  { "fchmod",       (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)fchmod,     0  },



#define osFchmod    ((int(*)(int,mode_t))aSyscall[14].pCurrent)

#if defined(HAVE_POSIX_FALLOCATE) && HAVE_POSIX_FALLOCATE
  { "fallocate",    (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)posix_fallocate,  0 },
#else
  { "fallocate",    (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)0,                0 },
#endif
................................................................................

  { "rmdir",        (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)rmdir,           0 },
#define osRmdir     ((int(*)(const char*))aSyscall[19].pCurrent)

  { "fchown",       (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)posixFchown,     0 },
#define osFchown    ((int(*)(int,uid_t,gid_t))aSyscall[20].pCurrent)




}; /* End of the overrideable system calls */

/*
** This is the xSetSystemCall() method of sqlite3_vfs for all of the
** "unix" VFSes.  Return SQLITE_OK opon successfully updating the
** system call pointer, or SQLITE_NOTFOUND if there is no configurable
** system call named zName.
................................................................................
** In that way, if a database file is -rw-rw-rw or -rw-rw-r-, and a
** transaction crashes and leaves behind hot journals, then any
** process that is able to write to the database will also be able to
** recover the hot journals.
*/
static int robust_open(const char *z, int f, mode_t m){
  int fd;



  mode_t m2 = m ? m : SQLITE_DEFAULT_FILE_PERMISSIONS;




  do{
#if defined(O_CLOEXEC)
    fd = osOpen(z,f|O_CLOEXEC,m2);
#else
    fd = osOpen(z,f,m2);
#endif
  }while( fd<0 && errno==EINTR );
  if( fd>=0 ){
    if( m!=0 ){

      struct stat statbuf;
      if( osFstat(fd, &statbuf)==0 
       && statbuf.st_size==0
       && (statbuf.st_mode&0777)!=m 
      ){
        osFchmod(fd, m);
      }
    }
#if defined(FD_CLOEXEC) && (!defined(O_CLOEXEC) || O_CLOEXEC==0)
    osFcntl(fd, F_SETFD, osFcntl(fd, F_GETFD, 0) | FD_CLOEXEC);
#endif
  }
  return fd;
}

/*
** Helper functions to obtain and relinquish the global mutex. The
** global mutex is used to protect the unixInodeInfo and
** vxworksFileId objects used by this file, all of which may be 
................................................................................
  pNew->pVfs = pVfs;
  pNew->zPath = zFilename;
  pNew->ctrlFlags = (u8)ctrlFlags;
  if( sqlite3_uri_boolean(((ctrlFlags & UNIXFILE_URI) ? zFilename : 0),
                           "psow", SQLITE_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE) ){
    pNew->ctrlFlags |= UNIXFILE_PSOW;
  }
  if( strcmp(pVfs->zName,"unix-excl")==0 ){
    pNew->ctrlFlags |= UNIXFILE_EXCL;
  }

#if OS_VXWORKS
  pNew->pId = vxworksFindFileId(zFilename);
  if( pNew->pId==0 ){
    ctrlFlags |= UNIXFILE_NOLOCK;
................................................................................
    UNIXVFS("unix-proxy",    proxyIoFinder ),
#endif
  };
  unsigned int i;          /* Loop counter */

  /* Double-check that the aSyscall[] array has been constructed
  ** correctly.  See ticket [bb3a86e890c8e96ab] */
  assert( ArraySize(aSyscall)==21 );

  /* Register all VFSes defined in the aVfs[] array */
  for(i=0; i<(sizeof(aVfs)/sizeof(sqlite3_vfs)); i++){
    sqlite3_vfs_register(&aVfs[i], i==0);
  }
  return SQLITE_OK; 
}
................................................................................
}

/*
** This function outputs the specified (ANSI) string to the Win32 debugger
** (if available).
*/

SQLITE_API void sqlite3_win32_write_debug(const char *zBuf, int nBuf){
  char zDbgBuf[SQLITE_WIN32_DBG_BUF_SIZE];
  int nMin = MIN(nBuf, (SQLITE_WIN32_DBG_BUF_SIZE - 1)); /* may be negative. */
  if( nMin<-1 ) nMin = -1; /* all negative values become -1. */
  assert( nMin==-1 || nMin==0 || nMin<SQLITE_WIN32_DBG_BUF_SIZE );
#if defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI)
  if( nMin>0 ){
    memset(zDbgBuf, 0, SQLITE_WIN32_DBG_BUF_SIZE);
................................................................................
  }
}

#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
/*************************************************************************
** This section contains code for WinCE only.
*/
#if !defined(SQLITE_MSVC_LOCALTIME_API) || !SQLITE_MSVC_LOCALTIME_API
/*
** The MSVC CRT on Windows CE may not have a localtime() function.  So
** create a substitute.
*/
/* #include <time.h> */
struct tm *__cdecl localtime(const time_t *t)
{
  static struct tm y;
  FILETIME uTm, lTm;
  SYSTEMTIME pTm;
................................................................................
  y.tm_wday = pTm.wDayOfWeek;
  y.tm_mday = pTm.wDay;
  y.tm_hour = pTm.wHour;
  y.tm_min = pTm.wMinute;
  y.tm_sec = pTm.wSecond;
  return &y;
}
#endif

#define HANDLE_TO_WINFILE(a) (winFile*)&((char*)a)[-(int)offsetof(winFile,h)]

/*
** Acquire a lock on the handle h
*/
static void winceMutexAcquire(HANDLE h){
................................................................................
*/
#define winceMutexRelease(h) ReleaseMutex(h)

/*
** Create the mutex and shared memory used for locking in the file
** descriptor pFile
*/
static int winceCreateLock(const char *zFilename, winFile *pFile){
  LPWSTR zTok;
  LPWSTR zName;
  DWORD lastErrno;
  BOOL bLogged = FALSE;
  BOOL bInit = TRUE;

  zName = utf8ToUnicode(zFilename);
  if( zName==0 ){
    /* out of memory */
    return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
  }

  /* Initialize the local lockdata */
  memset(&pFile->local, 0, sizeof(pFile->local));

  /* Replace the backslashes from the filename and lowercase it
  ** to derive a mutex name. */
................................................................................
    if (*zTok == '\\') *zTok = '_';
  }

  /* Create/open the named mutex */
  pFile->hMutex = osCreateMutexW(NULL, FALSE, zName);
  if (!pFile->hMutex){
    pFile->lastErrno = osGetLastError();
    winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR, pFile->lastErrno,
                "winceCreateLock1", zFilename);
    sqlite3_free(zName);
    return SQLITE_IOERR;
  }

  /* Acquire the mutex before continuing */
  winceMutexAcquire(pFile->hMutex);
  
  /* Since the names of named mutexes, semaphores, file mappings etc are 
  ** case-sensitive, take advantage of that by uppercasing the mutex name
................................................................................
  osCharUpperW(zName);
  pFile->hShared = osCreateFileMappingW(INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE, NULL,
                                        PAGE_READWRITE, 0, sizeof(winceLock),
                                        zName);  

  /* Set a flag that indicates we're the first to create the memory so it 
  ** must be zero-initialized */
  lastErrno = osGetLastError();
  if (lastErrno == ERROR_ALREADY_EXISTS){
    bInit = FALSE;
  }

  sqlite3_free(zName);

  /* If we succeeded in making the shared memory handle, map it. */
  if( pFile->hShared ){
    pFile->shared = (winceLock*)osMapViewOfFile(pFile->hShared, 
             FILE_MAP_READ|FILE_MAP_WRITE, 0, 0, sizeof(winceLock));
    /* If mapping failed, close the shared memory handle and erase it */
    if( !pFile->shared ){
      pFile->lastErrno = osGetLastError();
      winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR, pFile->lastErrno,
                  "winceCreateLock2", zFilename);
      bLogged = TRUE;
      osCloseHandle(pFile->hShared);
      pFile->hShared = NULL;
    }
  }

  /* If shared memory could not be created, then close the mutex and fail */
  if( pFile->hShared==NULL ){
    if( !bLogged ){
      pFile->lastErrno = lastErrno;
      winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR, pFile->lastErrno,
                  "winceCreateLock3", zFilename);
      bLogged = TRUE;
    }
    winceMutexRelease(pFile->hMutex);
    osCloseHandle(pFile->hMutex);
    pFile->hMutex = NULL;
    return SQLITE_IOERR;
  }
  
  /* Initialize the shared memory if we're supposed to */
  if( bInit ){
    memset(pFile->shared, 0, sizeof(winceLock));
  }

  winceMutexRelease(pFile->hMutex);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Destroy the part of winFile that deals with wince locks
*/
static void winceDestroyLock(winFile *pFile){
  if (pFile->hMutex){
................................................................................
        pFile->shared->nReaders ++;
      }
      bReturn = TRUE;
    }
  }

  /* Want a pending lock? */
  else if (dwFileOffsetLow == (DWORD)PENDING_BYTE
           && nNumberOfBytesToLockLow == 1){
    /* If no pending lock has been acquired, then acquire it */
    if (pFile->shared->bPending == 0) {
      pFile->shared->bPending = TRUE;
      pFile->local.bPending = TRUE;
      bReturn = TRUE;
    }
  }

  /* Want a reserved lock? */
  else if (dwFileOffsetLow == (DWORD)RESERVED_BYTE
           && nNumberOfBytesToLockLow == 1){
    if (pFile->shared->bReserved == 0) {
      pFile->shared->bReserved = TRUE;
      pFile->local.bReserved = TRUE;
      bReturn = TRUE;
    }
  }

................................................................................
      pFile->local.bExclusive = FALSE;
      pFile->shared->bExclusive = FALSE;
      bReturn = TRUE;
    }

    /* Did we just have a reader lock? */
    else if (pFile->local.nReaders){
      assert(nNumberOfBytesToUnlockLow == (DWORD)SHARED_SIZE
             || nNumberOfBytesToUnlockLow == 1);
      pFile->local.nReaders --;
      if (pFile->local.nReaders == 0)
      {
        pFile->shared->nReaders --;
      }
      bReturn = TRUE;
    }
  }

  /* Releasing a pending lock */
  else if (dwFileOffsetLow == (DWORD)PENDING_BYTE
           && nNumberOfBytesToUnlockLow == 1){
    if (pFile->local.bPending){
      pFile->local.bPending = FALSE;
      pFile->shared->bPending = FALSE;
      bReturn = TRUE;
    }
  }
  /* Releasing a reserved lock */
  else if (dwFileOffsetLow == (DWORD)RESERVED_BYTE
           && nNumberOfBytesToUnlockLow == 1){
    if (pFile->local.bReserved) {
      pFile->local.bReserved = FALSE;
      pFile->shared->bReserved = FALSE;
      bReturn = TRUE;
    }
  }

................................................................................
  winFile *pFile = (winFile*)id;

  assert( id!=0 );
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
  assert( pFile->pShm==0 );
#endif
  OSTRACE(("CLOSE %d\n", pFile->h));
  assert( pFile->h!=NULL && pFile->h!=INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE );
  do{
    rc = osCloseHandle(pFile->h);
    /* SimulateIOError( rc=0; cnt=MX_CLOSE_ATTEMPT; ); */
  }while( rc==0 && ++cnt < MX_CLOSE_ATTEMPT && (sqlite3_win32_sleep(100), 1) );
#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
#define WINCE_DELETION_ATTEMPTS 3
  winceDestroyLock(pFile);
................................................................................
        win32IoerrRetryDelay = a[1];
      }else{
        a[1] = win32IoerrRetryDelay;
      }
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_TEMPFILENAME: {
      char *zTFile = sqlite3MallocZero( pFile->pVfs->mxPathname );
      if( zTFile ){
        getTempname(pFile->pVfs->mxPathname, zTFile);
        *(char**)pArg = zTFile;
      }
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
  }
................................................................................
                 (int)osGetCurrentProcessId(), i,
                 bRc ? "ok" : "failed"));
        bRc = osCloseHandle(p->aRegion[i].hMap);
        OSTRACE(("SHM-PURGE pid-%d close region=%d %s\n",
                 (int)osGetCurrentProcessId(), i,
                 bRc ? "ok" : "failed"));
      }
      if( p->hFile.h!=NULL && p->hFile.h!=INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE ){
        SimulateIOErrorBenign(1);
        winClose((sqlite3_file *)&p->hFile);
        SimulateIOErrorBenign(0);
      }
      if( deleteFlag ){
        SimulateIOErrorBenign(1);
        sqlite3BeginBenignMalloc();
................................................................................
      rc = SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
      goto shm_open_err;
    }

    rc = winOpen(pDbFd->pVfs,
                 pShmNode->zFilename,             /* Name of the file (UTF-8) */
                 (sqlite3_file*)&pShmNode->hFile,  /* File handle here */
                 SQLITE_OPEN_WAL | SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE | SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE,
                 0);
    if( SQLITE_OK!=rc ){
      goto shm_open_err;
    }

    /* Check to see if another process is holding the dead-man switch.
    ** If not, truncate the file to zero length. 
................................................................................
  /* Assert that the upper layer has set one of the "file-type" flags. */
  assert( eType==SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB      || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_DB 
       || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_JOURNAL || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_JOURNAL 
       || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_SUBJOURNAL   || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_MASTER_JOURNAL 
       || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_TRANSIENT_DB || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_WAL
  );

  assert( pFile!=0 );
  memset(pFile, 0, sizeof(winFile));
  pFile->h = INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE;

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  if( !sqlite3_temp_directory ){
    sqlite3_log(SQLITE_ERROR,
        "sqlite3_temp_directory variable should be set for WinRT");
  }
#endif



  /* If the second argument to this function is NULL, generate a 
  ** temporary file name to use 
  */
  if( !zUtf8Name ){
    assert(isDelete && !isOpenJournal);
    memset(zTmpname, 0, MAX_PATH+2);
    rc = getTempname(MAX_PATH+2, zTmpname);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      return rc;
    }
    zUtf8Name = zTmpname;
  }

................................................................................

  if( h==INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE ){
    pFile->lastErrno = lastErrno;
    winLogError(SQLITE_CANTOPEN, pFile->lastErrno, "winOpen", zUtf8Name);
    sqlite3_free(zConverted);
    if( isReadWrite && !isExclusive ){
      return winOpen(pVfs, zName, id, 
         ((flags|SQLITE_OPEN_READONLY) &
                     ~(SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE|SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE)),
         pOutFlags);
    }else{
      return SQLITE_CANTOPEN_BKPT;
    }
  }

  if( pOutFlags ){
    if( isReadWrite ){
      *pOutFlags = SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE;
    }else{
      *pOutFlags = SQLITE_OPEN_READONLY;
    }
  }














#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
  if( isReadWrite && eType==SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB
       && (rc = winceCreateLock(zName, pFile))!=SQLITE_OK
  ){
    osCloseHandle(h);
    sqlite3_free(zConverted);
    return rc;
  }
  if( isTemp ){
    pFile->zDeleteOnClose = zConverted;
  }else
#endif
  {
    sqlite3_free(zConverted);
  }

  pFile->pMethod = &winIoMethod;
  pFile->pVfs = pVfs;
  pFile->h = h;
  if( sqlite3_uri_boolean(zName, "psow", SQLITE_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE) ){
    pFile->ctrlFlags |= WINFILE_PSOW;
  }
  pFile->lastErrno = NO_ERROR;
  pFile->zPath = zName;

  OpenCounter(+1);
  return rc;
}

/*
** Delete the named file.
................................................................................
      WIN32_FILE_ATTRIBUTE_DATA sAttrData;
      memset(&sAttrData, 0, sizeof(sAttrData));
      if ( osGetFileAttributesExW(zConverted, GetFileExInfoStandard,
                                  &sAttrData) ){
        attr = sAttrData.dwFileAttributes;
      }else{
        lastErrno = osGetLastError();
        if( lastErrno==ERROR_FILE_NOT_FOUND
         || lastErrno==ERROR_PATH_NOT_FOUND ){
          rc = SQLITE_IOERR_DELETE_NOENT; /* Already gone? */
        }else{
          rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
        }
        break;
      }
#else
      attr = osGetFileAttributesW(zConverted);
#endif
      if ( attr==INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES ){
        lastErrno = osGetLastError();
        if( lastErrno==ERROR_FILE_NOT_FOUND
         || lastErrno==ERROR_PATH_NOT_FOUND ){
          rc = SQLITE_IOERR_DELETE_NOENT; /* Already gone? */
        }else{
          rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
        }
        break;
      }
      if ( attr&FILE_ATTRIBUTE_DIRECTORY ){
................................................................................
  }
#ifdef SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI
  else{
    do {
      attr = osGetFileAttributesA(zConverted);
      if ( attr==INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES ){
        lastErrno = osGetLastError();
        if( lastErrno==ERROR_FILE_NOT_FOUND
         || lastErrno==ERROR_PATH_NOT_FOUND ){
          rc = SQLITE_IOERR_DELETE_NOENT; /* Already gone? */
        }else{
          rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
        }
        break;
      }
      if ( attr&FILE_ATTRIBUTE_DIRECTORY ){
................................................................................
    ** NOTE: We are dealing with a relative path name and the data
    **       directory has been set.  Therefore, use it as the basis
    **       for converting the relative path name to an absolute
    **       one by prepending the data directory and a slash.
    */
    char zOut[MAX_PATH+1];
    memset(zOut, 0, MAX_PATH+1);
    cygwin_conv_path(CCP_POSIX_TO_WIN_A|CCP_RELATIVE, zRelative, zOut,
                     MAX_PATH+1);
    sqlite3_snprintf(MIN(nFull, pVfs->mxPathname), zFull, "%s\\%s",
                     sqlite3_data_directory, zOut);
  }else{






    cygwin_conv_path(CCP_POSIX_TO_WIN_A, zRelative, zFull, nFull);
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
#endif

#if (SQLITE_OS_WINCE || SQLITE_OS_WINRT) && !defined(__CYGWIN__)
  SimulateIOError( return SQLITE_ERROR );
  /* WinCE has no concept of a relative pathname, or so I am told. */
................................................................................
  sqlite3_free(zConverted);
  return (void*)h;
}
static void winDlError(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, int nBuf, char *zBufOut){
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pVfs);
  getLastErrorMsg(osGetLastError(), nBuf, zBufOut);
}
static void (*winDlSym(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs,void *pH,const char *zSym))(void){
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pVfs);
  return (void(*)(void))osGetProcAddressA((HANDLE)pH, zSym);
}
static void winDlClose(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, void *pHandle){
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pVfs);
  osFreeLibrary((HANDLE)pHandle);
}
#else /* if SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION is defined: */
  #define winDlOpen  0
................................................................................
  FILETIME ft;
  static const sqlite3_int64 winFiletimeEpoch = 23058135*(sqlite3_int64)8640000;
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
  static const sqlite3_int64 unixEpoch = 24405875*(sqlite3_int64)8640000;
#endif
  /* 2^32 - to avoid use of LL and warnings in gcc */
  static const sqlite3_int64 max32BitValue = 
      (sqlite3_int64)2000000000 + (sqlite3_int64)2000000000 +
      (sqlite3_int64)294967296;

#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
  SYSTEMTIME time;
  osGetSystemTime(&time);
  /* if SystemTimeToFileTime() fails, it returns zero. */
  if (!osSystemTimeToFileTime(&time,&ft)){
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
................................................................................
  if( rc2==SQLITE_FULL || rc2==SQLITE_IOERR ){
    pPager->errCode = rc;
    pPager->eState = PAGER_ERROR;
  }
  return rc;
}

static int pager_truncate(Pager *pPager, Pgno nPage);

/*
** This routine ends a transaction. A transaction is usually ended by 
** either a COMMIT or a ROLLBACK operation. This routine may be called 
** after rollback of a hot-journal, or if an error occurs while opening
** the journal file or writing the very first journal-header of a
** database transaction.
** 
................................................................................
** database then the IO error code is returned to the user. If the 
** operation to finalize the journal file fails, then the code still
** tries to unlock the database file if not in exclusive mode. If the
** unlock operation fails as well, then the first error code related
** to the first error encountered (the journal finalization one) is
** returned.
*/
static int pager_end_transaction(Pager *pPager, int hasMaster, int bCommit){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;      /* Error code from journal finalization operation */
  int rc2 = SQLITE_OK;     /* Error code from db file unlock operation */

  /* Do nothing if the pager does not have an open write transaction
  ** or at least a RESERVED lock. This function may be called when there
  ** is no write-transaction active but a RESERVED or greater lock is
  ** held under two circumstances:
................................................................................
  if( pagerUseWal(pPager) ){
    /* Drop the WAL write-lock, if any. Also, if the connection was in 
    ** locking_mode=exclusive mode but is no longer, drop the EXCLUSIVE 
    ** lock held on the database file.
    */
    rc2 = sqlite3WalEndWriteTransaction(pPager->pWal);
    assert( rc2==SQLITE_OK );
  }else if( rc==SQLITE_OK && bCommit && pPager->dbFileSize>pPager->dbSize ){
    /* This branch is taken when committing a transaction in rollback-journal
    ** mode if the database file on disk is larger than the database image.
    ** At this point the journal has been finalized and the transaction 
    ** successfully committed, but the EXCLUSIVE lock is still held on the
    ** file. So it is safe to truncate the database file to its minimum
    ** required size.  */
    assert( pPager->eLock==EXCLUSIVE_LOCK );
    rc = pager_truncate(pPager, pPager->dbSize);
  }

  if( !pPager->exclusiveMode 
   && (!pagerUseWal(pPager) || sqlite3WalExclusiveMode(pPager->pWal, 0))
  ){
    rc2 = pagerUnlockDb(pPager, SHARED_LOCK);
    pPager->changeCountDone = 0;
  }
  pPager->eState = PAGER_READER;
................................................................................
    assert( assert_pager_state(pPager) );
    if( pPager->eState>=PAGER_WRITER_LOCKED ){
      sqlite3BeginBenignMalloc();
      sqlite3PagerRollback(pPager);
      sqlite3EndBenignMalloc();
    }else if( !pPager->exclusiveMode ){
      assert( pPager->eState==PAGER_READER );
      pager_end_transaction(pPager, 0, 0);
    }
  }
  pager_unlock(pPager);
}

/*
** Parameter aData must point to a buffer of pPager->pageSize bytes
................................................................................
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK
   && (pPager->eState>=PAGER_WRITER_DBMOD || pPager->eState==PAGER_OPEN)
  ){
    rc = sqlite3PagerSync(pPager);
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = pager_end_transaction(pPager, zMaster[0]!='\0', 0);
    testcase( rc!=SQLITE_OK );
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && zMaster[0] && res ){
    /* If there was a master journal and this routine will return success,
    ** see if it is possible to delete the master journal.
    */
    rc = pager_delmaster(pPager, zMaster);
................................................................................
#endif

/*
** Truncate the in-memory database file image to nPage pages. This 
** function does not actually modify the database file on disk. It 
** just sets the internal state of the pager object so that the 
** truncation will be done when the current transaction is committed.
**
** This function is only called right before committing a transaction.
** Once this function has been called, the transaction must either be
** rolled back or committed. It is not safe to call this function and
** then continue writing to the database.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PagerTruncateImage(Pager *pPager, Pgno nPage){
  assert( pPager->dbSize>=nPage );
  assert( pPager->eState>=PAGER_WRITER_CACHEMOD );
  pPager->dbSize = nPage;

  /* At one point the code here called assertTruncateConstraint() to
  ** ensure that all pages being truncated away by this operation are,
  ** if one or more savepoints are open, present in the savepoint 
  ** journal so that they can be restored if the savepoint is rolled
  ** back. This is no longer necessary as this function is now only
  ** called right before committing a transaction. So although the 
  ** Pager object may still have open savepoints (Pager.nSavepoint!=0), 
  ** they cannot be rolled back. So the assertTruncateConstraint() call
  ** is no longer correct. */
}


/*
** This function is called before attempting a hot-journal rollback. It
** syncs the journal file to disk, then sets pPager->journalHdr to the
** size of the journal file so that the pager_playback() routine knows
................................................................................
    if( pPager->eLock<=SHARED_LOCK ){
      rc = hasHotJournal(pPager, &bHotJournal);
    }
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      goto failed;
    }
    if( bHotJournal ){
      if( pPager->readOnly ){
        rc = SQLITE_READONLY_ROLLBACK;
        goto failed;
      }

      /* Get an EXCLUSIVE lock on the database file. At this point it is
      ** important that a RESERVED lock is not obtained on the way to the
      ** EXCLUSIVE lock. If it were, another process might open the
      ** database file, detect the RESERVED lock, and conclude that the
      ** database is safe to read while this process is still rolling the 
      ** hot-journal back.
      ** 
................................................................................
        }
      }
  #else
      rc = pager_incr_changecounter(pPager, 0);
  #endif
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto commit_phase_one_exit;
  






























      /* Write the master journal name into the journal file. If a master 
      ** journal file name has already been written to the journal file, 
      ** or if zMaster is NULL (no master journal), then this call is a no-op.
      */
      rc = writeMasterJournal(pPager, zMaster);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto commit_phase_one_exit;
  
................................................................................
  
      rc = pager_write_pagelist(pPager,sqlite3PcacheDirtyList(pPager->pPCache));
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        assert( rc!=SQLITE_IOERR_BLOCKED );
        goto commit_phase_one_exit;
      }
      sqlite3PcacheCleanAll(pPager->pPCache);

      /* If the file on disk is smaller than the database image, use 
      ** pager_truncate to grow the file here. This can happen if the database
      ** image was extended as part of the current transaction and then the
      ** last page in the db image moved to the free-list. In this case the
      ** last page is never written out to disk, leaving the database file
      ** undersized. Fix this now if it is the case.  */
      if( pPager->dbSize>pPager->dbFileSize ){
        Pgno nNew = pPager->dbSize - (pPager->dbSize==PAGER_MJ_PGNO(pPager));
        assert( pPager->eState==PAGER_WRITER_DBMOD );
        rc = pager_truncate(pPager, nNew);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto commit_phase_one_exit;
      }
  
      /* Finally, sync the database file. */
................................................................................
  ){
    assert( pPager->journalOff==JOURNAL_HDR_SZ(pPager) || !pPager->journalOff );
    pPager->eState = PAGER_READER;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

  PAGERTRACE(("COMMIT %d\n", PAGERID(pPager)));
  rc = pager_end_transaction(pPager, pPager->setMaster, 1);
  return pager_error(pPager, rc);
}

/*
** If a write transaction is open, then all changes made within the 
** transaction are reverted and the current write-transaction is closed.
** The pager falls back to PAGER_READER state if successful, or PAGER_ERROR
................................................................................
  assert( assert_pager_state(pPager) );
  if( pPager->eState==PAGER_ERROR ) return pPager->errCode;
  if( pPager->eState<=PAGER_READER ) return SQLITE_OK;

  if( pagerUseWal(pPager) ){
    int rc2;
    rc = sqlite3PagerSavepoint(pPager, SAVEPOINT_ROLLBACK, -1);
    rc2 = pager_end_transaction(pPager, pPager->setMaster, 0);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ) rc = rc2;
  }else if( !isOpen(pPager->jfd) || pPager->eState==PAGER_WRITER_LOCKED ){
    int eState = pPager->eState;
    rc = pager_end_transaction(pPager, 0, 0);
    if( !MEMDB && eState>PAGER_WRITER_LOCKED ){
      /* This can happen using journal_mode=off. Move the pager to the error 
      ** state to indicate that the contents of the cache may not be trusted.
      ** Any active readers will get SQLITE_ABORT.
      */
      pPager->errCode = SQLITE_ABORT;
      pPager->eState = PAGER_ERROR;
................................................................................
  **
  ** If the isCommit flag is set, there is no need to remember that
  ** the journal needs to be sync()ed before database page pPg->pgno 
  ** can be written to. The caller has already promised not to write to it.
  */
  if( (pPg->flags&PGHDR_NEED_SYNC) && !isCommit ){
    needSyncPgno = pPg->pgno;
    assert( pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF ||
            pageInJournal(pPg) || pPg->pgno>pPager->dbOrigSize );
    assert( pPg->flags&PGHDR_DIRTY );
  }

  /* If the cache contains a page with page-number pgno, remove it
  ** from its hash chain. Also, if the PGHDR_NEED_SYNC flag was set for 
  ** page pgno before the 'move' operation, it needs to be retained 
  ** for the page moved there.
................................................................................
  sqlite3 *db;          /* Database connection currently using this Btree */
  BtCursor *pCursor;    /* A list of all open cursors */
  MemPage *pPage1;      /* First page of the database */
  u8 openFlags;         /* Flags to sqlite3BtreeOpen() */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
  u8 autoVacuum;        /* True if auto-vacuum is enabled */
  u8 incrVacuum;        /* True if incr-vacuum is enabled */
  u8 bDoTruncate;       /* True to truncate db on commit */
#endif
  u8 inTransaction;     /* Transaction state */
  u8 max1bytePayload;   /* Maximum first byte of cell for a 1-byte payload */
  u16 btsFlags;         /* Boolean parameters.  See BTS_* macros below */
  u16 maxLocal;         /* Maximum local payload in non-LEAFDATA tables */
  u16 minLocal;         /* Minimum local payload in non-LEAFDATA tables */
  u16 maxLeaf;          /* Maximum local payload in a LEAFDATA table */
................................................................................
** This routine is used to extract the "offset to cell content area" value
** from the header of a btree page.  If the page size is 65536 and the page
** is empty, the offset should be 65536, but the 2-byte value stores zero.
** This routine makes the necessary adjustment to 65536.
*/
#define get2byteNotZero(X)  (((((int)get2byte(X))-1)&0xffff)+1)

/*
** Values passed as the 5th argument to allocateBtreePage()
*/
#define BTALLOC_ANY   0           /* Allocate any page */
#define BTALLOC_EXACT 1           /* Allocate exact page if possible */
#define BTALLOC_LE    2           /* Allocate any page <= the parameter */

/*
** Macro IfNotOmitAV(x) returns (x) if SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM is not 
** defined, or 0 if it is. For example:
**
**   bIncrVacuum = IfNotOmitAV(pBtShared->incrVacuum);
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
#define IfNotOmitAV(expr) (expr)
#else
#define IfNotOmitAV(expr) 0
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE
/*
** A list of BtShared objects that are eligible for participation
** in shared cache.  This variable has file scope during normal builds,
** but the test harness needs to access it so we make it global for 
** test builds.
**
................................................................................
  /* If the btree is already in a write-transaction, or it
  ** is already in a read-transaction and a read-transaction
  ** is requested, this is a no-op.
  */
  if( p->inTrans==TRANS_WRITE || (p->inTrans==TRANS_READ && !wrflag) ){
    goto trans_begun;
  }
  assert( IfNotOmitAV(pBt->bDoTruncate)==0 );

  /* Write transactions are not possible on a read-only database */
  if( (pBt->btsFlags & BTS_READ_ONLY)!=0 && wrflag ){
    rc = SQLITE_READONLY;
    goto trans_begun;
  }

................................................................................
  return rc;
}

/* Forward declaration required by incrVacuumStep(). */
static int allocateBtreePage(BtShared *, MemPage **, Pgno *, Pgno, u8);

/*
** Perform a single step of an incremental-vacuum. If successful, return
** SQLITE_OK. If there is no work to do (and therefore no point in 
** calling this function again), return SQLITE_DONE. Or, if an error 
** occurs, return some other error code.
**
** More specificly, this function attempts to re-organize the database so 
** that the last page of the file currently in use is no longer in use.

**
** Parameter nFin is the number of pages that this database would contain
** were this function called until it returns SQLITE_DONE.
**
** If the bCommit parameter is non-zero, this function assumes that the 
** caller will keep calling incrVacuumStep() until it returns SQLITE_DONE 



** or an error. bCommit is passed true for an auto-vacuum-on-commmit 
** operation, or false for an incremental vacuum.

*/
static int incrVacuumStep(BtShared *pBt, Pgno nFin, Pgno iLastPg, int bCommit){
  Pgno nFreeList;           /* Number of pages still on the free-list */
  int rc;

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );
  assert( iLastPg>nFin );

  if( !PTRMAP_ISPAGE(pBt, iLastPg) && iLastPg!=PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt) ){
................................................................................
      return rc;
    }
    if( eType==PTRMAP_ROOTPAGE ){
      return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    }

    if( eType==PTRMAP_FREEPAGE ){
      if( bCommit==0 ){
        /* Remove the page from the files free-list. This is not required
        ** if bCommit is non-zero. In that case, the free-list will be
        ** truncated to zero after this function returns, so it doesn't 
        ** matter if it still contains some garbage entries.
        */
        Pgno iFreePg;
        MemPage *pFreePg;
        rc = allocateBtreePage(pBt, &pFreePg, &iFreePg, iLastPg, BTALLOC_EXACT);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
          return rc;
        }
        assert( iFreePg==iLastPg );
        releasePage(pFreePg);
      }
    } else {
      Pgno iFreePg;             /* Index of free page to move pLastPg to */
      MemPage *pLastPg;
      u8 eMode = BTALLOC_ANY;   /* Mode parameter for allocateBtreePage() */
      Pgno iNear = 0;           /* nearby parameter for allocateBtreePage() */

      rc = btreeGetPage(pBt, iLastPg, &pLastPg, 0);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        return rc;
      }

      /* If bCommit is zero, this loop runs exactly once and page pLastPg
      ** is swapped with the first free page pulled off the free list.
      **
      ** On the other hand, if bCommit is greater than zero, then keep
      ** looping until a free-page located within the first nFin pages
      ** of the file is found.
      */
      if( bCommit==0 ){
        eMode = BTALLOC_LE;
        iNear = nFin;
      }
      do {
        MemPage *pFreePg;
        rc = allocateBtreePage(pBt, &pFreePg, &iFreePg, iNear, eMode);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
          releasePage(pLastPg);
          return rc;
        }
        releasePage(pFreePg);
      }while( bCommit && iFreePg>nFin );
      assert( iFreePg<iLastPg );
      


      rc = relocatePage(pBt, pLastPg, eType, iPtrPage, iFreePg, bCommit);

      releasePage(pLastPg);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        return rc;
      }
    }
  }

  if( bCommit==0 ){
    do {
      iLastPg--;
    }while( iLastPg==PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt) || PTRMAP_ISPAGE(pBt, iLastPg) );

    pBt->bDoTruncate = 1;













    pBt->nPage = iLastPg;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** The database opened by the first argument is an auto-vacuum database
** nOrig pages in size containing nFree free pages. Return the expected 
** size of the database in pages following an auto-vacuum operation.
*/
static Pgno finalDbSize(BtShared *pBt, Pgno nOrig, Pgno nFree){
  int nEntry;                     /* Number of entries on one ptrmap page */
  Pgno nPtrmap;                   /* Number of PtrMap pages to be freed */
  Pgno nFin;                      /* Return value */

  nEntry = pBt->usableSize/5;
  nPtrmap = (nFree-nOrig+PTRMAP_PAGENO(pBt, nOrig)+nEntry)/nEntry;
  nFin = nOrig - nFree - nPtrmap;
  if( nOrig>PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt) && nFin<PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt) ){
    nFin--;
  }
  while( PTRMAP_ISPAGE(pBt, nFin) || nFin==PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt) ){
    nFin--;
  }

  return nFin;
}

/*
** A write-transaction must be opened before calling this function.
** It performs a single unit of work towards an incremental vacuum.
**
** If the incremental vacuum is finished after this function has run,
** SQLITE_DONE is returned. If it is not finished, but no error occurred,
................................................................................
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;

  sqlite3BtreeEnter(p);
  assert( pBt->inTransaction==TRANS_WRITE && p->inTrans==TRANS_WRITE );
  if( !pBt->autoVacuum ){
    rc = SQLITE_DONE;
  }else{
    Pgno nOrig = btreePagecount(pBt);
    Pgno nFree = get4byte(&pBt->pPage1->aData[36]);
    Pgno nFin = finalDbSize(pBt, nOrig, nFree);

    if( nOrig<nFin ){
      rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    }else if( nFree>0 ){
      invalidateAllOverflowCache(pBt);
      rc = incrVacuumStep(pBt, nFin, nOrig, 0);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pBt->pPage1->pDbPage);
        put4byte(&pBt->pPage1->aData[28], pBt->nPage);
      }
    }else{
      rc = SQLITE_DONE;
    }
  }
  sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  return rc;
}

/*
................................................................................

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );
  invalidateAllOverflowCache(pBt);
  assert(pBt->autoVacuum);
  if( !pBt->incrVacuum ){
    Pgno nFin;         /* Number of pages in database after autovacuuming */
    Pgno nFree;        /* Number of pages on the freelist initially */

    Pgno iFree;        /* The next page to be freed */

    Pgno nOrig;        /* Database size before freeing */

    nOrig = btreePagecount(pBt);
    if( PTRMAP_ISPAGE(pBt, nOrig) || nOrig==PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt) ){
      /* It is not possible to create a database for which the final page
      ** is either a pointer-map page or the pending-byte page. If one
      ** is encountered, this indicates corruption.
      */
      return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    }

    nFree = get4byte(&pBt->pPage1->aData[36]);
    nFin = finalDbSize(pBt, nOrig, nFree);








    if( nFin>nOrig ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;

    for(iFree=nOrig; iFree>nFin && rc==SQLITE_OK; iFree--){
      rc = incrVacuumStep(pBt, nFin, iFree, 1);
    }
    if( (rc==SQLITE_DONE || rc==SQLITE_OK) && nFree>0 ){
      rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pBt->pPage1->pDbPage);
      put4byte(&pBt->pPage1->aData[32], 0);
      put4byte(&pBt->pPage1->aData[36], 0);
      put4byte(&pBt->pPage1->aData[28], nFin);
      pBt->bDoTruncate = 1;
      pBt->nPage = nFin;
    }
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      sqlite3PagerRollback(pPager);
    }
  }

................................................................................
    if( pBt->autoVacuum ){
      rc = autoVacuumCommit(pBt);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
        return rc;
      }
    }
    if( pBt->bDoTruncate ){
      sqlite3PagerTruncateImage(pBt->pPager, pBt->nPage);
    }
#endif
    rc = sqlite3PagerCommitPhaseOne(pBt->pPager, zMaster, 0);
    sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  }
  return rc;
}

................................................................................
** This function is called from both BtreeCommitPhaseTwo() and BtreeRollback()
** at the conclusion of a transaction.
*/
static void btreeEndTransaction(Btree *p){
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;
  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsMutex(p) );

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
  pBt->bDoTruncate = 0;
#endif
  btreeClearHasContent(pBt);
  if( p->inTrans>TRANS_NONE && p->db->activeVdbeCnt>1 ){
    /* If there are other active statements that belong to this database
    ** handle, downgrade to a read-only transaction. The other statements
    ** may still be reading from the database.  */
    downgradeAllSharedCacheTableLocks(p);
    p->inTrans = TRANS_READ;
................................................................................
** been referenced and the calling routine is responsible for calling
** sqlite3PagerUnref() on the new page when it is done.
**
** SQLITE_OK is returned on success.  Any other return value indicates
** an error.  *ppPage and *pPgno are undefined in the event of an error.
** Do not invoke sqlite3PagerUnref() on *ppPage if an error is returned.
**
** If the "nearby" parameter is not 0, then an effort is made to 
** locate a page close to the page number "nearby".  This can be used in an
** attempt to keep related pages close to each other in the database file,
** which in turn can make database access faster.
**
** If the eMode parameter is BTALLOC_EXACT and the nearby page exists
** anywhere on the free-list, then it is guaranteed to be returned.  If
** eMode is BTALLOC_LT then the page returned will be less than or equal
** to nearby if any such page exists.  If eMode is BTALLOC_ANY then there
** are no restrictions on which page is returned.
*/
static int allocateBtreePage(
  BtShared *pBt,         /* The btree */
  MemPage **ppPage,      /* Store pointer to the allocated page here */
  Pgno *pPgno,           /* Store the page number here */


  Pgno nearby,           /* Search for a page near this one */
  u8 eMode               /* BTALLOC_EXACT, BTALLOC_LT, or BTALLOC_ANY */
){
  MemPage *pPage1;
  int rc;
  u32 n;     /* Number of pages on the freelist */
  u32 k;     /* Number of leaves on the trunk of the freelist */
  MemPage *pTrunk = 0;
  MemPage *pPrevTrunk = 0;
  Pgno mxPage;     /* Total size of the database file */

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );
  assert( eMode==BTALLOC_ANY || (nearby>0 && IfNotOmitAV(pBt->autoVacuum)) );
  pPage1 = pBt->pPage1;
  mxPage = btreePagecount(pBt);
  n = get4byte(&pPage1->aData[36]);
  testcase( n==mxPage-1 );
  if( n>=mxPage ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }
  if( n>0 ){
    /* There are pages on the freelist.  Reuse one of those pages. */
    Pgno iTrunk;
    u8 searchList = 0; /* If the free-list must be searched for 'nearby' */
    
    /* If eMode==BTALLOC_EXACT and a query of the pointer-map
    ** shows that the page 'nearby' is somewhere on the free-list, then
    ** the entire-list will be searched for that page.
    */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
    if( eMode==BTALLOC_EXACT ){
      if( nearby<=mxPage ){
        u8 eType;
        assert( nearby>0 );
        assert( pBt->autoVacuum );
        rc = ptrmapGet(pBt, nearby, &eType, 0);
        if( rc ) return rc;
        if( eType==PTRMAP_FREEPAGE ){
          searchList = 1;
        }

      }
    }else if( eMode==BTALLOC_LE ){
      searchList = 1;
    }
#endif

    /* Decrement the free-list count by 1. Set iTrunk to the index of the
    ** first free-list trunk page. iPrevTrunk is initially 1.
    */
    rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pPage1->pDbPage);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    put4byte(&pPage1->aData[36], n-1);

    /* The code within this loop is run only once if the 'searchList' variable
    ** is not true. Otherwise, it runs once for each trunk-page on the
    ** free-list until the page 'nearby' is located (eMode==BTALLOC_EXACT)
    ** or until a page less than 'nearby' is located (eMode==BTALLOC_LT)
    */
    do {
      pPrevTrunk = pTrunk;
      if( pPrevTrunk ){
        iTrunk = get4byte(&pPrevTrunk->aData[0]);
      }else{
        iTrunk = get4byte(&pPage1->aData[32]);
................................................................................
        pTrunk = 0;
        TRACE(("ALLOCATE: %d trunk - %d free pages left\n", *pPgno, n-1));
      }else if( k>(u32)(pBt->usableSize/4 - 2) ){
        /* Value of k is out of range.  Database corruption */
        rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
        goto end_allocate_page;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
      }else if( searchList 
            && (nearby==iTrunk || (iTrunk<nearby && eMode==BTALLOC_LE)) 
      ){
        /* The list is being searched and this trunk page is the page
        ** to allocate, regardless of whether it has leaves.
        */
        *pPgno = iTrunk;
        *ppPage = pTrunk;
        searchList = 0;
        rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pTrunk->pDbPage);
        if( rc ){
          goto end_allocate_page;
        }
        if( k==0 ){
................................................................................
      }else if( k>0 ){
        /* Extract a leaf from the trunk */
        u32 closest;
        Pgno iPage;
        unsigned char *aData = pTrunk->aData;
        if( nearby>0 ){
          u32 i;
          closest = 0;
          if( eMode==BTALLOC_LE ){
            for(i=0; i<k; i++){
              iPage = get4byte(&aData[8+i*4]);
              if( iPage<=nearby ){
                closest = i;
                break;
              }
            }
          }else{
            int dist;
            dist = sqlite3AbsInt32(get4byte(&aData[8]) - nearby);
            for(i=1; i<k; i++){
              int d2 = sqlite3AbsInt32(get4byte(&aData[8+i*4]) - nearby);
              if( d2<dist ){
                closest = i;
                dist = d2;
              }
            }
          }
        }else{
          closest = 0;
        }

        iPage = get4byte(&aData[8+closest*4]);
        testcase( iPage==mxPage );
        if( iPage>mxPage ){
          rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
          goto end_allocate_page;
        }
        testcase( iPage==mxPage );
        if( !searchList 
         || (iPage==nearby || (iPage<nearby && eMode==BTALLOC_LE)) 
        ){
          int noContent;
          *pPgno = iPage;
          TRACE(("ALLOCATE: %d was leaf %d of %d on trunk %d"
                 ": %d more free pages\n",
                 *pPgno, closest+1, k, pTrunk->pgno, n-1));
          rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pTrunk->pDbPage);
          if( rc ) goto end_allocate_page;
................................................................................
          searchList = 0;
        }
      }
      releasePage(pPrevTrunk);
      pPrevTrunk = 0;
    }while( searchList );
  }else{
    /* There are no pages on the freelist, so append a new page to the
    ** database image.
    **
    ** Normally, new pages allocated by this block can be requested from the
    ** pager layer with the 'no-content' flag set. This prevents the pager
    ** from trying to read the pages content from disk. However, if the
    ** current transaction has already run one or more incremental-vacuum
    ** steps, then the page we are about to allocate may contain content
    ** that is required in the event of a rollback. In this case, do
    ** not set the no-content flag. This causes the pager to load and journal
    ** the current page content before overwriting it.
    **
    ** Note that the pager will not actually attempt to load or journal 
    ** content for any page that really does lie past the end of the database
    ** file on disk. So the effects of disabling the no-content optimization
    ** here are confined to those pages that lie between the end of the
    ** database image and the end of the database file.
    */
    int bNoContent = (0==IfNotOmitAV(pBt->bDoTruncate));

    rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pBt->pPage1->pDbPage);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    pBt->nPage++;
    if( pBt->nPage==PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt) ) pBt->nPage++;

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
    if( pBt->autoVacuum && PTRMAP_ISPAGE(pBt, pBt->nPage) ){
................................................................................
      /* If *pPgno refers to a pointer-map page, allocate two new pages
      ** at the end of the file instead of one. The first allocated page
      ** becomes a new pointer-map page, the second is used by the caller.
      */
      MemPage *pPg = 0;
      TRACE(("ALLOCATE: %d from end of file (pointer-map page)\n", pBt->nPage));
      assert( pBt->nPage!=PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt) );
      rc = btreeGetPage(pBt, pBt->nPage, &pPg, bNoContent);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pPg->pDbPage);
        releasePage(pPg);
      }
      if( rc ) return rc;
      pBt->nPage++;
      if( pBt->nPage==PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt) ){ pBt->nPage++; }
    }
#endif
    put4byte(28 + (u8*)pBt->pPage1->aData, pBt->nPage);
    *pPgno = pBt->nPage;

    assert( *pPgno!=PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt) );
    rc = btreeGetPage(pBt, *pPgno, ppPage, bNoContent);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    rc = sqlite3PagerWrite((*ppPage)->pDbPage);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      releasePage(*ppPage);
    }
    TRACE(("ALLOCATE: %d from end of file\n", *pPgno));
  }
................................................................................
    }
    assert( pgnoRoot>=3 );

    /* Allocate a page. The page that currently resides at pgnoRoot will
    ** be moved to the allocated page (unless the allocated page happens
    ** to reside at pgnoRoot).
    */
    rc = allocateBtreePage(pBt, &pPageMove, &pgnoMove, pgnoRoot, BTALLOC_EXACT);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      return rc;
    }

    if( pgnoMove!=pgnoRoot ){
      /* pgnoRoot is the page that will be used for the root-page of
      ** the new table (assuming an error did not occur). But we were
................................................................................
  if( !sCheck.aPgRef ){
    *pnErr = 1;
    sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
    return 0;
  }
  i = PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt);
  if( i<=sCheck.nPage ) setPageReferenced(&sCheck, i);
  sqlite3StrAccumInit(&sCheck.errMsg, zErr, sizeof(zErr), SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH);
  sCheck.errMsg.useMalloc = 2;

  /* Check the integrity of the freelist
  */
  checkList(&sCheck, 1, get4byte(&pBt->pPage1->aData[32]),
            get4byte(&pBt->pPage1->aData[36]), "Main freelist: ");

................................................................................
}

/*
** Parameter zSrcData points to a buffer containing the data for 
** page iSrcPg from the source database. Copy this data into the 
** destination database.
*/
static int backupOnePage(
  sqlite3_backup *p,              /* Backup handle */
  Pgno iSrcPg,                    /* Source database page to backup */
  const u8 *zSrcData,             /* Source database page data */
  int bUpdate                     /* True for an update, false otherwise */
){
  Pager * const pDestPager = sqlite3BtreePager(p->pDest);
  const int nSrcPgsz = sqlite3BtreeGetPageSize(p->pSrc);
  int nDestPgsz = sqlite3BtreeGetPageSize(p->pDest);
  const int nCopy = MIN(nSrcPgsz, nDestPgsz);
  const i64 iEnd = (i64)iSrcPg*(i64)nSrcPgsz;
#ifdef SQLITE_HAS_CODEC
  /* Use BtreeGetReserveNoMutex() for the source b-tree, as although it is
................................................................................
      ** and the pager code use this trick (clearing the first byte
      ** of the page 'extra' space to invalidate the Btree layers
      ** cached parse of the page). MemPage.isInit is marked 
      ** "MUST BE FIRST" for this purpose.
      */
      memcpy(zOut, zIn, nCopy);
      ((u8 *)sqlite3PagerGetExtra(pDestPg))[0] = 0;
      if( iOff==0 && bUpdate==0 ){
        sqlite3Put4byte(&zOut[28], sqlite3BtreeLastPage(p->pSrc));
      }
    }
    sqlite3PagerUnref(pDestPg);
  }

  return rc;
}

................................................................................
    assert( nSrcPage>=0 );
    for(ii=0; (nPage<0 || ii<nPage) && p->iNext<=(Pgno)nSrcPage && !rc; ii++){
      const Pgno iSrcPg = p->iNext;                 /* Source page number */
      if( iSrcPg!=PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(p->pSrc->pBt) ){
        DbPage *pSrcPg;                             /* Source page object */
        rc = sqlite3PagerGet(pSrcPager, iSrcPg, &pSrcPg);
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          rc = backupOnePage(p, iSrcPg, sqlite3PagerGetData(pSrcPg), 0);
          sqlite3PagerUnref(pSrcPg);
        }
      }
      p->iNext++;
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      p->nPagecount = nSrcPage;
................................................................................
          if( nDestTruncate==(int)PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(p->pDest->pBt) ){
            nDestTruncate--;
          }
        }else{
          nDestTruncate = nSrcPage * (pgszSrc/pgszDest);
        }
        assert( nDestTruncate>0 );


        if( pgszSrc<pgszDest ){
          /* If the source page-size is smaller than the destination page-size,
          ** two extra things may need to happen:
          **
          **   * The destination may need to be truncated, and
          **
          **   * Data stored on the pages immediately following the 
          **     pending-byte page in the source database may need to be
          **     copied into the destination database.
          */
          const i64 iSize = (i64)pgszSrc * (i64)nSrcPage;
          sqlite3_file * const pFile = sqlite3PagerFile(pDestPager);
          Pgno iPg;
          int nDstPage;
          i64 iOff;
          i64 iEnd;

          assert( pFile );
          assert( nDestTruncate==0 
              || (i64)nDestTruncate*(i64)pgszDest >= iSize || (
                nDestTruncate==(int)(PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(p->pDest->pBt)-1)
             && iSize>=PENDING_BYTE && iSize<=PENDING_BYTE+pgszDest
          ));

          /* This block ensures that all data required to recreate the original
          ** database has been stored in the journal for pDestPager and the
          ** journal synced to disk. So at this point we may safely modify
          ** the database file in any way, knowing that if a power failure
          ** occurs, the original database will be reconstructed from the 
          ** journal file.  */
          sqlite3PagerPagecount(pDestPager, &nDstPage);
          for(iPg=nDestTruncate; rc==SQLITE_OK && iPg<=(Pgno)nDstPage; iPg++){
            if( iPg!=PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(p->pDest->pBt) ){
              DbPage *pPg;
              rc = sqlite3PagerGet(pDestPager, iPg, &pPg);
              if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
                rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pPg);
                sqlite3PagerUnref(pPg);
              }
            }
          }
          if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
            rc = sqlite3PagerCommitPhaseOne(pDestPager, 0, 1);
          }

          /* Write the extra pages and truncate the database file as required */
          iEnd = MIN(PENDING_BYTE + pgszDest, iSize);
          for(
            iOff=PENDING_BYTE+pgszSrc; 
            rc==SQLITE_OK && iOff<iEnd; 
            iOff+=pgszSrc
................................................................................
          }

          /* Sync the database file to disk. */
          if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
            rc = sqlite3PagerSync(pDestPager);
          }
        }else{
          sqlite3PagerTruncateImage(pDestPager, nDestTruncate);
          rc = sqlite3PagerCommitPhaseOne(pDestPager, 0, 0);
        }
    
        /* Finish committing the transaction to the destination database. */
        if( SQLITE_OK==rc
         && SQLITE_OK==(rc = sqlite3BtreeCommitPhaseTwo(p->pDest, 0))
        ){
................................................................................
      /* The backup process p has already copied page iPage. But now it
      ** has been modified by a transaction on the source pager. Copy
      ** the new data into the backup.
      */
      int rc;
      assert( p->pDestDb );
      sqlite3_mutex_enter(p->pDestDb->mutex);
      rc = backupOnePage(p, iPage, aData, 1);
      sqlite3_mutex_leave(p->pDestDb->mutex);
      assert( rc!=SQLITE_BUSY && rc!=SQLITE_LOCKED );
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        p->rc = rc;
      }
    }
  }
................................................................................
** routine is a no-op.
**
** SQLITE_OK is returned if the conversion is successful (or not required).
** SQLITE_NOMEM may be returned if a malloc() fails during conversion
** between formats.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeChangeEncoding(Mem *pMem, int desiredEnc){
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16
  int rc;
#endif
  assert( (pMem->flags&MEM_RowSet)==0 );
  assert( desiredEnc==SQLITE_UTF8 || desiredEnc==SQLITE_UTF16LE
           || desiredEnc==SQLITE_UTF16BE );
  if( !(pMem->flags&MEM_Str) || pMem->enc==desiredEnc ){
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  assert( pMem->db==0 || sqlite3_mutex_held(pMem->db->mutex) );
................................................................................
*************************************************************************
** This file contains code used for creating, destroying, and populating
** a VDBE (or an "sqlite3_stmt" as it is known to the outside world.)  Prior
** to version 2.8.7, all this code was combined into the vdbe.c source file.
** But that file was getting too big so this subroutines were split out.
*/













/*
** Create a new virtual database engine.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE Vdbe *sqlite3VdbeCreate(sqlite3 *db){
  Vdbe *p;
  p = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(Vdbe) );
  if( p==0 ) return 0;
................................................................................
  pOp->p1 = p1;
  pOp->p2 = p2;
  pOp->p3 = p3;
  pOp->p4.p = 0;
  pOp->p4type = P4_NOTUSED;
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  pOp->zComment = 0;
  if( p->db->flags & SQLITE_VdbeAddopTrace ){
    sqlite3VdbePrintOp(0, i, &p->aOp[i]);
  }
#endif
#ifdef VDBE_PROFILE
  pOp->cycles = 0;
  pOp->cnt = 0;
#endif
  return i;
}
................................................................................
  while( (pOp = opIterNext(&sIter))!=0 ){
    int opcode = pOp->opcode;
    if( opcode==OP_Destroy || opcode==OP_VUpdate || opcode==OP_VRename 
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY
     || (opcode==OP_FkCounter && pOp->p1==0 && pOp->p2==1) 
#endif
     || ((opcode==OP_Halt || opcode==OP_HaltIfNull) 
      && ((pOp->p1&0xff)==SQLITE_CONSTRAINT && pOp->p2==OE_Abort))
    ){
      hasAbort = 1;
      break;
    }
  }
  sqlite3DbFree(v->db, sIter.apSub);

................................................................................
      }
      pOut->p3 = pIn->p3;
      pOut->p4type = P4_NOTUSED;
      pOut->p4.p = 0;
      pOut->p5 = 0;
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
      pOut->zComment = 0;
      if( p->db->flags & SQLITE_VdbeAddopTrace ){
        sqlite3VdbePrintOp(0, i+addr, &p->aOp[i+addr]);
      }
#endif
    }
    p->nOp += nOp;
  }
  return addr;
................................................................................
    if( nByte ){
      p->pFree = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, nByte);
    }
    zCsr = p->pFree;
    zEnd = &zCsr[nByte];
  }while( nByte && !db->mallocFailed );

  p->nCursor = nCursor;
  p->nOnceFlag = nOnce;
  if( p->aVar ){
    p->nVar = (ynVar)nVar;
    for(n=0; n<nVar; n++){
      p->aVar[n].flags = MEM_Null;
      p->aVar[n].db = db;
    }
................................................................................
    return rc;
  }

  /* If there are any write-transactions at all, invoke the commit hook */
  if( needXcommit && db->xCommitCallback ){
    rc = db->xCommitCallback(db->pCommitArg);
    if( rc ){
      return SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_COMMITHOOK;
    }
  }

  /* The simple case - no more than one database file (not counting the
  ** TEMP database) has a transaction active.   There is no need for the
  ** master-journal.
  **
................................................................................
/*
** This function is called when a transaction opened by the database 
** handle associated with the VM passed as an argument is about to be 
** committed. If there are outstanding deferred foreign key constraint
** violations, return SQLITE_ERROR. Otherwise, SQLITE_OK.
**
** If there are outstanding FK violations and this function returns 
** SQLITE_ERROR, set the result of the VM to SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_FOREIGNKEY
** and write an error message to it. Then return SQLITE_ERROR.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeCheckFk(Vdbe *p, int deferred){
  sqlite3 *db = p->db;
  if( (deferred && db->nDeferredCons>0) || (!deferred && p->nFkConstraint>0) ){
    p->rc = SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_FOREIGNKEY;
    p->errorAction = OE_Abort;
    sqlite3SetString(&p->zErrMsg, db, "foreign key constraint failed");
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
#endif
................................................................................
      if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK || (p->errorAction==OE_Fail && !isSpecialError) ){
        rc = sqlite3VdbeCheckFk(p, 1);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
          if( NEVER(p->readOnly) ){
            sqlite3VdbeLeave(p);
            return SQLITE_ERROR;
          }
          rc = SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_FOREIGNKEY;
        }else{ 
          /* The auto-commit flag is true, the vdbe program was successful 
          ** or hit an 'OR FAIL' constraint and there are no deferred foreign
          ** key constraints to hold up the transaction. This means a commit 
          ** is required. */
          rc = vdbeCommit(db, p);
        }
................................................................................
    ** do so. If this operation returns an error, and the current statement
    ** error code is SQLITE_OK or SQLITE_CONSTRAINT, then promote the
    ** current statement error code.
    */
    if( eStatementOp ){
      rc = sqlite3VdbeCloseStatement(p, eStatementOp);
      if( rc ){
        if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK || (p->rc&0xff)==SQLITE_CONSTRAINT ){
          p->rc = rc;
          sqlite3DbFree(db, p->zErrMsg);
          p->zErrMsg = 0;
        }
        sqlite3RollbackAll(db, SQLITE_ABORT_ROLLBACK);
        sqlite3CloseSavepoints(db);
        db->autoCommit = 1;
................................................................................
  for(i=p->nzVar-1; i>=0; i--) sqlite3DbFree(db, p->azVar[i]);
  vdbeFreeOpArray(db, p->aOp, p->nOp);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p->aLabel);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p->aColName);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p->zSql);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p->pFree);
#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_TREE_EXPLAIN)
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p->zExplain);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p->pExplain);
#endif
}

/*
** Delete an entire VDBE.
*/
................................................................................
  int i;
  if( p==0 ){
    return 0;
  }
  if( zName ){
    for(i=0; i<p->nzVar; i++){
      const char *z = p->azVar[i];
      if( z && strncmp(z,zName,nName)==0 && z[nName]==0 ){
        return i+1;
      }
    }
  }
  return 0;
}
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_parameter_index(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt, const char *zName){
................................................................................
    sqlite3_log(pOp->p1, "constraint failed at %d in [%s]", pc, p->zSql);
  }
  rc = sqlite3VdbeHalt(p);
  assert( rc==SQLITE_BUSY || rc==SQLITE_OK || rc==SQLITE_ERROR );
  if( rc==SQLITE_BUSY ){
    p->rc = rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
  }else{
    assert( rc==SQLITE_OK || (p->rc&0xff)==SQLITE_CONSTRAINT );
    assert( rc==SQLITE_OK || db->nDeferredCons>0 );
    rc = p->rc ? SQLITE_ERROR : SQLITE_DONE;
  }
  goto vdbe_return;
}

/* Opcode: Integer P1 P2 * * *
................................................................................
    rc = u.cr.pModule->xUpdate(u.cr.pVtab, u.cr.nArg, u.cr.apArg, &u.cr.rowid);
    db->vtabOnConflict = vtabOnConflict;
    importVtabErrMsg(p, u.cr.pVtab);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pOp->p1 ){
      assert( u.cr.nArg>1 && u.cr.apArg[0] && (u.cr.apArg[0]->flags&MEM_Null) );
      db->lastRowid = lastRowid = u.cr.rowid;
    }
    if( (rc&0xff)==SQLITE_CONSTRAINT && pOp->p4.pVtab->bConstraint ){
      if( pOp->p5==OE_Ignore ){
        rc = SQLITE_OK;
      }else{
        p->errorAction = ((pOp->p5==OE_Replace) ? OE_Abort : pOp->p5);
      }
    }else{
      p->nChange++;
................................................................................
    rc = sqlite3OsOpen(p->pVfs, p->zJournal, pReal, p->flags, 0);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      p->pReal = pReal;
      if( p->iSize>0 ){
        assert(p->iSize<=p->nBuf);
        rc = sqlite3OsWrite(p->pReal, p->zBuf, p->iSize, 0);
      }
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        /* If an error occurred while writing to the file, close it before
        ** returning. This way, SQLite uses the in-memory journal data to 
        ** roll back changes made to the internal page-cache before this
        ** function was called.  */
        sqlite3OsClose(pReal);
        p->pReal = 0;
      }
    }
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Close the file.
................................................................................
    for(k=0; k<pUsing->nId; k++){
      if( sqlite3StrICmp(pUsing->a[k].zName, zCol)==0 ) return 1;
    }
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** Subqueries stores the original database, table and column names for their
** result sets in ExprList.a[].zSpan, in the form "DATABASE.TABLE.COLUMN".
** Check to see if the zSpan given to this routine matches the zDb, zTab,
** and zCol.  If any of zDb, zTab, and zCol are NULL then those fields will
** match anything.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3MatchSpanName(
  const char *zSpan,
  const char *zCol,
  const char *zTab,
  const char *zDb
){
  int n;
  for(n=0; ALWAYS(zSpan[n]) && zSpan[n]!='.'; n++){}
  if( zDb && (sqlite3StrNICmp(zSpan, zDb, n)!=0 || zDb[n]!=0) ){
    return 0;
  }
  zSpan += n+1;
  for(n=0; ALWAYS(zSpan[n]) && zSpan[n]!='.'; n++){}
  if( zTab && (sqlite3StrNICmp(zSpan, zTab, n)!=0 || zTab[n]!=0) ){
    return 0;
  }
  zSpan += n+1;
  if( zCol && sqlite3StrICmp(zSpan, zCol)!=0 ){
    return 0;
  }
  return 1;
}

/*
** Given the name of a column of the form X.Y.Z or Y.Z or just Z, look up
** that name in the set of source tables in pSrcList and make the pExpr 
** expression node refer back to that source column.  The following changes
** are made to pExpr:
**
................................................................................
  assert( zCol );    /* The Z in X.Y.Z cannot be NULL */
  assert( !ExprHasAnyProperty(pExpr, EP_TokenOnly|EP_Reduced) );

  /* Initialize the node to no-match */
  pExpr->iTable = -1;
  pExpr->pTab = 0;
  ExprSetIrreducible(pExpr);

  /* Translate the schema name in zDb into a pointer to the corresponding
  ** schema.  If not found, pSchema will remain NULL and nothing will match
  ** resulting in an appropriate error message toward the end of this routine
  */
  if( zDb ){
    for(i=0; i<db->nDb; i++){
      assert( db->aDb[i].zName );
      if( sqlite3StrICmp(db->aDb[i].zName,zDb)==0 ){
        pSchema = db->aDb[i].pSchema;
        break;
      }
    }
  }

  /* Start at the inner-most context and move outward until a match is found */
  while( pNC && cnt==0 ){
    ExprList *pEList;
    SrcList *pSrcList = pNC->pSrcList;

    if( pSrcList ){
      for(i=0, pItem=pSrcList->a; i<pSrcList->nSrc; i++, pItem++){
        Table *pTab;

        Column *pCol;
  
        pTab = pItem->pTab;
        assert( pTab!=0 && pTab->zName!=0 );

        assert( pTab->nCol>0 );
        if( pItem->pSelect && (pItem->pSelect->selFlags & SF_NestedFrom)!=0 ){
          int hit = 0;
          pEList = pItem->pSelect->pEList;
          for(j=0; j<pEList->nExpr; j++){
            if( sqlite3MatchSpanName(pEList->a[j].zSpan, zCol, zTab, zDb) ){

              cnt++;
              cntTab = 2;
              pMatch = pItem;
              pExpr->iColumn = j;
              hit = 1;
            }
          }
          if( hit || zTab==0 ) continue;
        }

        if( zDb && pTab->pSchema!=pSchema ){
          continue;
        }
        if( zTab ){
          const char *zTabName = pItem->zAlias ? pItem->zAlias : pTab->zName;
          assert( zTabName!=0 );
          if( sqlite3StrICmp(zTabName, zTab)!=0 ){
            continue;
          }
        }
        if( 0==(cntTab++) ){



          pMatch = pItem;
        }
        for(j=0, pCol=pTab->aCol; j<pTab->nCol; j++, pCol++){
          if( sqlite3StrICmp(pCol->zName, zCol)==0 ){
            /* If there has been exactly one prior match and this match
            ** is for the right-hand table of a NATURAL JOIN or is in a 
            ** USING clause, then skip this match.
            */
            if( cnt==1 ){
              if( pItem->jointype & JT_NATURAL ) continue;
              if( nameInUsingClause(pItem->pUsing, zCol) ) continue;
            }
            cnt++;


            pMatch = pItem;

            /* Substitute the rowid (column -1) for the INTEGER PRIMARY KEY */
            pExpr->iColumn = j==pTab->iPKey ? -1 : (i16)j;
            break;
          }
        }
      }
      if( pMatch ){
        pExpr->iTable = pMatch->iCursor;
        pExpr->pTab = pMatch->pTab;
        pSchema = pExpr->pTab->pSchema;
      }
    } /* if( pSrcList ) */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
    /* If we have not already resolved the name, then maybe 
    ** it is a new.* or old.* trigger argument reference
    */
    if( zDb==0 && zTab!=0 && cnt==0 && pParse->pTriggerTab!=0 ){
      int op = pParse->eTriggerOp;
................................................................................
        }
      }
#endif
      if( is_agg && (pNC->ncFlags & NC_AllowAgg)==0 ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "misuse of aggregate function %.*s()", nId,zId);
        pNC->nErr++;
        is_agg = 0;
      }else if( no_such_func && pParse->db->init.busy==0 ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "no such function: %.*s", nId, zId);
        pNC->nErr++;
      }else if( wrong_num_args ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse,"wrong number of arguments to function %.*s()",
             nId, zId);
        pNC->nErr++;
      }
................................................................................
    memset(&sNC, 0, sizeof(sNC));
    sNC.pParse = pParse;
    if( sqlite3ResolveExprNames(&sNC, p->pLimit) ||
        sqlite3ResolveExprNames(&sNC, p->pOffset) ){
      return WRC_Abort;
    }
  

















    /* Recursively resolve names in all subqueries
    */
    for(i=0; i<p->pSrc->nSrc; i++){
      struct SrcList_item *pItem = &p->pSrc->a[i];
      if( pItem->pSelect ){
        NameContext *pNC;         /* Used to iterate name contexts */
        int nRef = 0;             /* Refcount for pOuterNC and outer contexts */
................................................................................
        if( pParse->nErr || db->mallocFailed ) return WRC_Abort;

        for(pNC=pOuterNC; pNC; pNC=pNC->pNext) nRef -= pNC->nRef;
        assert( pItem->isCorrelated==0 && nRef<=0 );
        pItem->isCorrelated = (nRef!=0);
      }
    }
  
    /* Set up the local name-context to pass to sqlite3ResolveExprNames() to
    ** resolve the result-set expression list.
    */
    sNC.ncFlags = NC_AllowAgg;
    sNC.pSrcList = p->pSrc;
    sNC.pNext = pOuterNC;
  
    /* Resolve names in the result set. */
    pEList = p->pEList;
    assert( pEList!=0 );
    for(i=0; i<pEList->nExpr; i++){
      Expr *pX = pEList->a[i].pExpr;
      if( sqlite3ResolveExprNames(&sNC, pX) ){
        return WRC_Abort;
      }
    }
  
    /* If there are no aggregate functions in the result-set, and no GROUP BY 
    ** expression, do not allow aggregates in any of the other expressions.
    */
    assert( (p->selFlags & SF_Aggregate)==0 );
    pGroupBy = p->pGroupBy;
    if( pGroupBy || (sNC.ncFlags & NC_HasAgg)!=0 ){
................................................................................
    }else{
      /* Wildcards like ":aaa", "$aaa" or "@aaa".  Reuse the same variable
      ** number as the prior appearance of the same name, or if the name
      ** has never appeared before, reuse the same variable number
      */
      ynVar i;
      for(i=0; i<pParse->nzVar; i++){
        if( pParse->azVar[i] && strcmp(pParse->azVar[i],z)==0 ){
          pExpr->iColumn = x = (ynVar)i+1;
          break;
        }
      }
      if( x==0 ) x = pExpr->iColumn = (ynVar)(++pParse->nVar);
    }
    if( x>0 ){
................................................................................
        sqlite3MayAbort(pParse);
      }
      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) );
      if( pExpr->affinity==OE_Ignore ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(
            v, OP_Halt, SQLITE_OK, OE_Ignore, 0, pExpr->u.zToken,0);
      }else{
        sqlite3HaltConstraint(pParse, SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_TRIGGER,
                              pExpr->affinity, pExpr->u.zToken, 0);
      }

      break;
    }
#endif
  }
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regFree1);
................................................................................
  }else{
    sqlite3ExplainPush(pOut);
    for(i=0; i<pList->nExpr; i++){
      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, "item[%d] = ", i);
      sqlite3ExplainPush(pOut);
      sqlite3ExplainExpr(pOut, pList->a[i].pExpr);
      sqlite3ExplainPop(pOut);
      if( pList->a[i].zName ){
        sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, " AS %s", pList->a[i].zName);
      }
      if( pList->a[i].bSpanIsTab ){
        sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, " (%s)", pList->a[i].zSpan);
      }
      if( i<pList->nExpr-1 ){
        sqlite3ExplainNL(pOut);
      }
    }
    sqlite3ExplainPop(pOut);
  }
}
................................................................................
  if( v==0 || NEVER(pTab==0) ){
    return;
  }
  if( pTab->tnum==0 ){
    /* Do not gather statistics on views or virtual tables */
    return;
  }
  if( sqlite3_strnicmp(pTab->zName, "sqlite_", 7)==0 ){
    /* Do not gather statistics on system tables */
    return;
  }
  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsAllMutexes(db) );
  iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pTab->pSchema);
  assert( iDb>=0 );
  assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, iDb, 0) );
................................................................................
      v = v*10 + c - '0';
      z++;
    }
    if( i==0 ) pTable->nRowEst = v;
    if( pIndex==0 ) break;
    pIndex->aiRowEst[i] = v;
    if( *z==' ' ) z++;
    if( strcmp(z, "unordered")==0 ){
      pIndex->bUnordered = 1;
      break;
    }
  }
  return 0;
}

................................................................................
  sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr1);
  addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SorterSort, iSorter, 0);
  if( pIndex->onError!=OE_None ){
    int j2 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v) + 3;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, j2);
    addr2 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_SorterCompare, iSorter, j2, regRecord);
    sqlite3HaltConstraint(pParse, SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_UNIQUE,
        OE_Abort, "indexed columns are not unique", P4_STATIC
    );
  }else{
    addr2 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
  }
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SorterData, iSorter, regRecord);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_IdxInsert, iIdx, regRecord, 1);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT);
................................................................................
    ** (made available to the compiler for reuse) using 
    ** sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(). So in some ways having the OP_IsUnique
    ** opcode use the values stored within seems dangerous. However, since
    ** we can be sure that no other temp registers have been allocated
    ** since sqlite3ReleaseTempRange() was called, it is safe to do so.
    */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_IsUnique, iIdx, j2, regRowid, pRegKey, P4_INT32);
    sqlite3HaltConstraint(pParse, SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_UNIQUE,
        "indexed columns are not unique", P4_STATIC);
  }
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_IdxInsert, iIdx, regRecord, 0);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT);
#endif
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regRecord);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SorterNext, iSorter, addr2);
  sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr1);
................................................................................
    iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pTab->pSchema);
  }
  pDb = &db->aDb[iDb];

  assert( pTab!=0 );
  assert( pParse->nErr==0 );
  if( sqlite3StrNICmp(pTab->zName, "sqlite_", 7)==0 
       && sqlite3StrNICmp(&pTab->zName[7],"altertab_",9)!=0 ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "table %s may not be indexed", pTab->zName);
    goto exit_create_index;
  }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW
  if( pTab->pSelect ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "views may not be indexed");
    goto exit_create_index;
................................................................................
}

/*
** Code an OP_Halt that causes the vdbe to return an SQLITE_CONSTRAINT
** error. The onError parameter determines which (if any) of the statement
** and/or current transaction is rolled back.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3HaltConstraint(
  Parse *pParse,    /* Parsing context */
  int errCode,      /* extended error code */
  int onError,      /* Constraint type */
  char *p4,         /* Error message */
  int p4type        /* P4_STATIC or P4_TRANSIENT */
){
  Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  assert( (errCode&0xff)==SQLITE_CONSTRAINT );
  if( onError==OE_Abort ){
    sqlite3MayAbort(pParse);
  }
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Halt, errCode, onError, 0, p4, p4type);
}

/*
** Check to see if pIndex uses the collating sequence pColl.  Return
** true if it does and false if it does not.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_REINDEX
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3MaterializeView(
  Parse *pParse,       /* Parsing context */
  Table *pView,        /* View definition */
  Expr *pWhere,        /* Optional WHERE clause to be added */
  int iCur             /* Cursor number for ephemerial table */
){
  SelectDest dest;
  Select *pSel;
  SrcList *pFrom;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;

  int iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pView->pSchema);



  pWhere = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pWhere, 0);
  pFrom = sqlite3SrcListAppend(db, 0, 0, 0);

  if( pFrom ){
    assert( pFrom->nSrc==1 );
    pFrom->a[0].zName = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pView->zName);

    pFrom->a[0].zDatabase = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, db->aDb[iDb].zName);
    assert( pFrom->a[0].pOn==0 );
    assert( pFrom->a[0].pUsing==0 );


  }

  pSel = sqlite3SelectNew(pParse, 0, pFrom, pWhere, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0);
  if( pSel ) pSel->selFlags |= SF_Materialize;

  sqlite3SelectDestInit(&dest, SRT_EphemTab, iCur);
  sqlite3Select(pParse, pSel, &dest);
  sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pSel);
}
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER) */

#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_UPDATE_DELETE_LIMIT) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY)
/*
** Generate an expression tree to implement the WHERE, ORDER BY,
** and LIMIT/OFFSET portion of DELETE and UPDATE statements.
................................................................................
    default: {
      assert( sqlite3_value_type(argv[0])==SQLITE_NULL );
      sqlite3_result_text(context, "NULL", 4, SQLITE_STATIC);
      break;
    }
  }
}

/*
** The unicode() function.  Return the integer unicode code-point value
** for the first character of the input string. 
*/
static void unicodeFunc(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  const unsigned char *z = sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);
  (void)argc;
  if( z && z[0] ) sqlite3_result_int(context, sqlite3Utf8Read(&z));
}

/*
** The char() function takes zero or more arguments, each of which is
** an integer.  It constructs a string where each character of the string
** is the unicode character for the corresponding integer argument.
*/
static void charFunc(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  unsigned char *z, *zOut;
  int i;
  zOut = z = sqlite3_malloc( argc*4 );
  if( z==0 ){
    sqlite3_result_error_nomem(context);
    return;
  }
  for(i=0; i<argc; i++){
    sqlite3_int64 x;
    unsigned c;
    x = sqlite3_value_int64(argv[i]);
    if( x<0 || x>0x10ffff ) x = 0xfffd;
    c = (unsigned)(x & 0x1fffff);
    if( c<0x00080 ){
      *zOut++ = (u8)(c&0xFF);
    }else if( c<0x00800 ){
      *zOut++ = 0xC0 + (u8)((c>>6)&0x1F);
      *zOut++ = 0x80 + (u8)(c & 0x3F);
    }else if( c<0x10000 ){
      *zOut++ = 0xE0 + (u8)((c>>12)&0x0F);
      *zOut++ = 0x80 + (u8)((c>>6) & 0x3F);
      *zOut++ = 0x80 + (u8)(c & 0x3F);
    }else{
      *zOut++ = 0xF0 + (u8)((c>>18) & 0x07);
      *zOut++ = 0x80 + (u8)((c>>12) & 0x3F);
      *zOut++ = 0x80 + (u8)((c>>6) & 0x3F);
      *zOut++ = 0x80 + (u8)(c & 0x3F);
    }                                                    \
  }
  sqlite3_result_text(context, (char*)z, (int)(zOut-z), sqlite3_free);
}

/*
** The hex() function.  Interpret the argument as a blob.  Return
** a hexadecimal rendering as text.
*/
static void hexFunc(
  sqlite3_context *context,
................................................................................
    FUNCTION(max,                0, 1, 1, 0                ),
    AGGREGATE(max,               1, 1, 1, minmaxStep,      minMaxFinalize ),
    FUNCTION2(typeof,            1, 0, 0, typeofFunc,  SQLITE_FUNC_TYPEOF),
    FUNCTION2(length,            1, 0, 0, lengthFunc,  SQLITE_FUNC_LENGTH),
    FUNCTION(instr,              2, 0, 0, instrFunc        ),
    FUNCTION(substr,             2, 0, 0, substrFunc       ),
    FUNCTION(substr,             3, 0, 0, substrFunc       ),
    FUNCTION(unicode,            1, 0, 0, unicodeFunc      ),
    FUNCTION(char,              -1, 0, 0, charFunc         ),
    FUNCTION(abs,                1, 0, 0, absFunc          ),
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
    FUNCTION(round,              1, 0, 0, roundFunc        ),
    FUNCTION(round,              2, 0, 0, roundFunc        ),
#endif
    FUNCTION(upper,              1, 0, 0, upperFunc        ),
    FUNCTION(lower,              1, 0, 0, lowerFunc        ),
................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER

/*
** Deferred and Immediate FKs
** --------------------------
**
** Foreign keys in SQLite come in two flavours: deferred and immediate.
** If an immediate foreign key constraint is violated,
** SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_FOREIGNKEY is returned and the current
** statement transaction rolled back. If a 
** deferred foreign key constraint is violated, no action is taken 
** immediately. However if the application attempts to commit the 
** transaction before fixing the constraint violation, the attempt fails.
**
** Deferred constraints are implemented using a simple counter associated
** with the database handle. The counter is set to zero each time a 
** database transaction is opened. Each time a statement is executed 
................................................................................
** If a delete caused by OR REPLACE violates an FK constraint, an exception
** is thrown, even if the FK constraint would be satisfied after the new 
** row is inserted.
**
** Immediate constraints are usually handled similarly. The only difference 
** is that the counter used is stored as part of each individual statement
** object (struct Vdbe). If, after the statement has run, its immediate
** constraint counter is greater than zero,
** it returns SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_FOREIGNKEY
** and the statement transaction is rolled back. An exception is an INSERT
** statement that inserts a single row only (no triggers). In this case,
** instead of using a counter, an exception is thrown immediately if the
** INSERT violates a foreign key constraint. This is necessary as such
** an INSERT does not open a statement transaction.
**
** TODO: How should dropping a table be handled? How should renaming a 
................................................................................
**   Register (x+3):      3.1  (type real)
*/

/*
** A foreign key constraint requires that the key columns in the parent
** table are collectively subject to a UNIQUE or PRIMARY KEY constraint.
** Given that pParent is the parent table for foreign key constraint pFKey, 
** search the schema for a unique index on the parent key columns. 
**
** If successful, zero is returned. If the parent key is an INTEGER PRIMARY 
** KEY column, then output variable *ppIdx is set to NULL. Otherwise, *ppIdx 
** is set to point to the unique index. 
** 
** If the parent key consists of a single column (the foreign key constraint
** is not a composite foreign key), output variable *paiCol is set to NULL.
................................................................................
**      consists of a a different number of columns to the child key in 
**      the child table.
**
** then non-zero is returned, and a "foreign key mismatch" error loaded
** into pParse. If an OOM error occurs, non-zero is returned and the
** pParse->db->mallocFailed flag is set.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3FkLocateIndex(
  Parse *pParse,                  /* Parse context to store any error in */
  Table *pParent,                 /* Parent table of FK constraint pFKey */
  FKey *pFKey,                    /* Foreign key to find index for */
  Index **ppIdx,                  /* OUT: Unique index on parent table */
  int **paiCol                    /* OUT: Map of index columns in pFKey */
){
  Index *pIdx = 0;                    /* Value to return via *ppIdx */
................................................................................
        if( i==nCol ) break;      /* pIdx is usable */
      }
    }
  }

  if( !pIdx ){
    if( !pParse->disableTriggers ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse,
           "foreign key mismatch - \"%w\" referencing \"%w\"",
           pFKey->pFrom->zName, pFKey->zTo);
    }
    sqlite3DbFree(pParse->db, aiCol);
    return 1;
  }

  *ppIdx = pIdx;
  return 0;
................................................................................

  if( !pFKey->isDeferred && !pParse->pToplevel && !pParse->isMultiWrite ){
    /* Special case: If this is an INSERT statement that will insert exactly
    ** one row into the table, raise a constraint immediately instead of
    ** incrementing a counter. This is necessary as the VM code is being
    ** generated for will not open a statement transaction.  */
    assert( nIncr==1 );
    sqlite3HaltConstraint(pParse, SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_FOREIGNKEY,
        OE_Abort, "foreign key constraint failed", P4_STATIC
    );
  }else{
    if( nIncr>0 && pFKey->isDeferred==0 ){
      sqlite3ParseToplevel(pParse)->mayAbort = 1;
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_FkCounter, pFKey->isDeferred, nIncr);
  }
................................................................................
    pParse->disableTriggers = 0;

    /* If the DELETE has generated immediate foreign key constraint 
    ** violations, halt the VDBE and return an error at this point, before
    ** any modifications to the schema are made. This is because statement
    ** transactions are not able to rollback schema changes.  */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_FkIfZero, 0, sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)+2);
    sqlite3HaltConstraint(pParse, SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_FOREIGNKEY,
        OE_Abort, "foreign key constraint failed", P4_STATIC
    );

    if( iSkip ){
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iSkip);
    }
  }
}
................................................................................
    ** schema items cannot be located, set an error in pParse and return 
    ** early.  */
    if( pParse->disableTriggers ){
      pTo = sqlite3FindTable(db, pFKey->zTo, zDb);
    }else{
      pTo = sqlite3LocateTable(pParse, 0, pFKey->zTo, zDb);
    }
    if( !pTo || sqlite3FkLocateIndex(pParse, pTo, pFKey, &pIdx, &aiFree) ){
      assert( isIgnoreErrors==0 || (regOld!=0 && regNew==0) );
      if( !isIgnoreErrors || db->mallocFailed ) return;
      if( pTo==0 ){
        /* If isIgnoreErrors is true, then a table is being dropped. In this
        ** case SQLite runs a "DELETE FROM xxx" on the table being dropped
        ** before actually dropping it in order to check FK constraints.
        ** If the parent table of an FK constraint on the current table is
................................................................................
    if( !pFKey->isDeferred && !pParse->pToplevel && !pParse->isMultiWrite ){
      assert( regOld==0 && regNew!=0 );
      /* Inserting a single row into a parent table cannot cause an immediate
      ** foreign key violation. So do nothing in this case.  */
      continue;
    }

    if( sqlite3FkLocateIndex(pParse, pTab, pFKey, &pIdx, &aiCol) ){
      if( !isIgnoreErrors || db->mallocFailed ) return;
      continue;
    }
    assert( aiCol || pFKey->nCol==1 );

    /* Create a SrcList structure containing a single table (the table 
    ** the foreign key that refers to this table is attached to). This
................................................................................
    FKey *p;
    int i;
    for(p=pTab->pFKey; p; p=p->pNextFrom){
      for(i=0; i<p->nCol; i++) mask |= COLUMN_MASK(p->aCol[i].iFrom);
    }
    for(p=sqlite3FkReferences(pTab); p; p=p->pNextTo){
      Index *pIdx = 0;
      sqlite3FkLocateIndex(pParse, pTab, p, &pIdx, 0);
      if( pIdx ){
        for(i=0; i<pIdx->nColumn; i++) mask |= COLUMN_MASK(pIdx->aiColumn[i]);
      }
    }
  }
  return mask;
}
................................................................................
    TriggerStep *pStep = 0;        /* First (only) step of trigger program */
    Expr *pWhere = 0;             /* WHERE clause of trigger step */
    ExprList *pList = 0;          /* Changes list if ON UPDATE CASCADE */
    Select *pSelect = 0;          /* If RESTRICT, "SELECT RAISE(...)" */
    int i;                        /* Iterator variable */
    Expr *pWhen = 0;              /* WHEN clause for the trigger */

    if( sqlite3FkLocateIndex(pParse, pTab, pFKey, &pIdx, &aiCol) ) return 0;
    assert( aiCol || pFKey->nCol==1 );

    for(i=0; i<pFKey->nCol; i++){
      Token tOld = { "old", 3 };  /* Literal "old" token */
      Token tNew = { "new", 3 };  /* Literal "new" token */
      Token tFromCol;             /* Name of column in child table */
      Token tToCol;               /* Name of column in parent table */
................................................................................
    switch( onError ){
      case OE_Abort:
        sqlite3MayAbort(pParse);
      case OE_Rollback:
      case OE_Fail: {
        char *zMsg;
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_HaltIfNull,
                          SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_NOTNULL, onError, regData+i);
        zMsg = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%s.%s may not be NULL",
                              pTab->zName, pTab->aCol[i].zName);
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, zMsg, P4_DYNAMIC);
        break;
      }
      case OE_Ignore: {
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, regData+i, ignoreDest);
................................................................................
        char *zConsName = pCheck->a[i].zName;
        if( onError==OE_Replace ) onError = OE_Abort; /* IMP: R-15569-63625 */
        if( zConsName ){
          zConsName = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "constraint %s failed", zConsName);
        }else{
          zConsName = 0;
        }
        sqlite3HaltConstraint(pParse, SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_CHECK,
                              onError, zConsName, P4_DYNAMIC);
      }
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, allOk);
    }
  }
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK) */

  /* If we have an INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, make sure the primary key
................................................................................
      default: {
        onError = OE_Abort;
        /* Fall thru into the next case */
      }
      case OE_Rollback:
      case OE_Abort:
      case OE_Fail: {
        sqlite3HaltConstraint(pParse, SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_PRIMARYKEY,
           onError, "PRIMARY KEY must be unique", P4_STATIC);
        break;
      }
      case OE_Replace: {
        /* If there are DELETE triggers on this table and the
        ** recursive-triggers flag is set, call GenerateRowDelete() to
        ** remove the conflicting row from the table. This will fire
        ** the triggers and remove both the table and index b-tree entries.
................................................................................
          sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&errMsg, zSep, -1);
          zSep = ", ";
          sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&errMsg, zCol, -1);
        }
        sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&errMsg,
            pIdx->nColumn>1 ? " are not unique" : " is not unique", -1);
        zErr = sqlite3StrAccumFinish(&errMsg);
        sqlite3HaltConstraint(pParse, SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_UNIQUE,
                              onError, zErr, 0);
        sqlite3DbFree(errMsg.db, zErr);
        break;
      }
      case OE_Ignore: {
        assert( seenReplace==0 );
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, ignoreDest);
        break;
................................................................................
  sqlite3OpenTable(pParse, iSrc, iDbSrc, pSrc, OP_OpenRead);
  emptySrcTest = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iSrc, 0);
  regData = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
  regRowid = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
  if( pDest->iPKey>=0 ){
    addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rowid, iSrc, regRowid);
    addr2 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, iDest, 0, regRowid);
    sqlite3HaltConstraint(pParse, SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_PRIMARYKEY,
        onError, "PRIMARY KEY must be unique", P4_STATIC);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr2);
    autoIncStep(pParse, regAutoinc, regRowid);
  }else if( pDest->pIndex==0 ){
    addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, iDest, regRowid);
  }else{
    addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rowid, iSrc, regRowid);
    assert( (pDest->tabFlags & TF_Autoincrement)==0 );
................................................................................
  int (*unlock_notify)(sqlite3*,void(*)(void**,int),void*);
  int (*wal_autocheckpoint)(sqlite3*,int);
  int (*wal_checkpoint)(sqlite3*,const char*);
  void *(*wal_hook)(sqlite3*,int(*)(void*,sqlite3*,const char*,int),void*);
  int (*blob_reopen)(sqlite3_blob*,sqlite3_int64);
  int (*vtab_config)(sqlite3*,int op,...);
  int (*vtab_on_conflict)(sqlite3*);
  /* Version 3.7.16 and later */
  int (*close_v2)(sqlite3*);
  const char *(*db_filename)(sqlite3*,const char*);
  int (*db_readonly)(sqlite3*,const char*);
  int (*db_release_memory)(sqlite3*);
  const char *(*errstr)(int);
  int (*stmt_busy)(sqlite3_stmt*);
  int (*stmt_readonly)(sqlite3_stmt*);
  int (*stricmp)(const char*,const char*);
  int (*uri_boolean)(const char*,const char*,int);
  sqlite3_int64 (*uri_int64)(const char*,const char*,sqlite3_int64);
  const char *(*uri_parameter)(const char*,const char*);
  char *(*vsnprintf)(int,char*,const char*,va_list);
  int (*wal_checkpoint_v2)(sqlite3*,const char*,int,int*,int*);
};

/*
** The following macros redefine the API routines so that they are
** redirected throught the global sqlite3_api structure.
**
** This header file is also used by the loadext.c source file
................................................................................
#define sqlite3_unlock_notify          sqlite3_api->unlock_notify
#define sqlite3_wal_autocheckpoint     sqlite3_api->wal_autocheckpoint
#define sqlite3_wal_checkpoint         sqlite3_api->wal_checkpoint
#define sqlite3_wal_hook               sqlite3_api->wal_hook
#define sqlite3_blob_reopen            sqlite3_api->blob_reopen
#define sqlite3_vtab_config            sqlite3_api->vtab_config
#define sqlite3_vtab_on_conflict       sqlite3_api->vtab_on_conflict
/* Version 3.7.16 and later */
#define sqlite3_close_v2               sqlite3_api->close_v2
#define sqlite3_db_filename            sqlite3_api->db_filename
#define sqlite3_db_readonly            sqlite3_api->db_readonly
#define sqlite3_db_release_memory      sqlite3_api->db_release_memory
#define sqlite3_errstr                 sqlite3_api->errstr
#define sqlite3_stmt_busy              sqlite3_api->stmt_busy
#define sqlite3_stmt_readonly          sqlite3_api->stmt_readonly
#define sqlite3_stricmp                sqlite3_api->stricmp
#define sqlite3_uri_boolean            sqlite3_api->uri_boolean
#define sqlite3_uri_int64              sqlite3_api->uri_int64
#define sqlite3_uri_parameter          sqlite3_api->uri_parameter
#define sqlite3_uri_vsnprintf          sqlite3_api->vsnprintf
#define sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2      sqlite3_api->wal_checkpoint_v2
#endif /* SQLITE_CORE */

#define SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT1     const sqlite3_api_routines *sqlite3_api = 0;
#define SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT2(v)  sqlite3_api = v;

#endif /* _SQLITE3EXT_H_ */

................................................................................
  0,
  0,
  0,
#endif
  sqlite3_blob_reopen,
  sqlite3_vtab_config,
  sqlite3_vtab_on_conflict,
  sqlite3_close_v2,
  sqlite3_db_filename,
  sqlite3_db_readonly,
  sqlite3_db_release_memory,
  sqlite3_errstr,
  sqlite3_stmt_busy,
  sqlite3_stmt_readonly,
  sqlite3_stricmp,
  sqlite3_uri_boolean,
  sqlite3_uri_int64,
  sqlite3_uri_parameter,
  sqlite3_vsnprintf,
  sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2
};

/*
** Attempt to load an SQLite extension library contained in the file
** zFile.  The entry point is zProc.  zProc may be 0 in which case a
** default entry point name (sqlite3_extension_init) is used.  Use
** of the default name is recommended.
................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOMATIC_INDEX
    { "automatic_index",          SQLITE_AutoIndex     },
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    { "sql_trace",                SQLITE_SqlTrace      },
    { "vdbe_listing",             SQLITE_VdbeListing   },
    { "vdbe_trace",               SQLITE_VdbeTrace     },
    { "vdbe_addoptrace",          SQLITE_VdbeAddopTrace},
    { "vdbe_debug",    SQLITE_SqlTrace | SQLITE_VdbeListing
                               | SQLITE_VdbeTrace      },
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK
    { "ignore_check_constraints", SQLITE_IgnoreChecks  },
#endif
    /* The following is VERY experimental */
    { "writable_schema",          SQLITE_WriteSchema|SQLITE_RecoveryMode },

................................................................................
  ** dflt_value: The default value for the column, if any.
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "table_info")==0 && zRight ){
    Table *pTab;
    if( sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ) goto pragma_out;
    pTab = sqlite3FindTable(db, zRight, zDb);
    if( pTab ){
      int i, k;
      int nHidden = 0;
      Column *pCol;
      Index *pPk;
      for(pPk=pTab->pIndex; pPk && pPk->autoIndex!=2; pPk=pPk->pNext){}
      sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 6);
      pParse->nMem = 6;
      sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iDb);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "cid", SQLITE_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 1, COLNAME_NAME, "name", SQLITE_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 2, COLNAME_NAME, "type", SQLITE_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 3, COLNAME_NAME, "notnull", SQLITE_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 4, COLNAME_NAME, "dflt_value", SQLITE_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 5, COLNAME_NAME, "pk", SQLITE_STATIC);
      sqlite3ViewGetColumnNames(pParse, pTab);
................................................................................
           pCol->zType ? pCol->zType : "", 0);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, (pCol->notNull ? 1 : 0), 4);
        if( pCol->zDflt ){
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 5, 0, (char*)pCol->zDflt, 0);
        }else{
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, 5);
        }
        if( (pCol->colFlags & COLFLAG_PRIMKEY)==0 ){
          k = 0;
        }else if( pPk==0 ){
          k = 1;
        }else{
          for(k=1; ALWAYS(k<=pTab->nCol) && pPk->aiColumn[k-1]!=i; k++){}
        }
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, k, 6);

        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 6);
      }
    }
  }else

  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "index_info")==0 && zRight ){
    Index *pIdx;
................................................................................
    if( sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ) goto pragma_out;
    pIdx = sqlite3FindIndex(db, zRight, zDb);
    if( pIdx ){
      int i;
      pTab = pIdx->pTable;
      sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 3);
      pParse->nMem = 3;
      sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iDb);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "seqno", SQLITE_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 1, COLNAME_NAME, "cid", SQLITE_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 2, COLNAME_NAME, "name", SQLITE_STATIC);
      for(i=0; i<pIdx->nColumn; i++){
        int cnum = pIdx->aiColumn[i];
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, i, 1);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, cnum, 2);
................................................................................
    if( pTab ){
      v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
      pIdx = pTab->pIndex;
      if( pIdx ){
        int i = 0; 
        sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 3);
        pParse->nMem = 3;
        sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iDb);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "seq", SQLITE_STATIC);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 1, COLNAME_NAME, "name", SQLITE_STATIC);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 2, COLNAME_NAME, "unique", SQLITE_STATIC);
        while(pIdx){
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, i, 1);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 2, 0, pIdx->zName, 0);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, pIdx->onError!=OE_None, 3);
................................................................................
    if( pTab ){
      v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
      pFK = pTab->pFKey;
      if( pFK ){
        int i = 0; 
        sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 8);
        pParse->nMem = 8;
        sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iDb);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "id", SQLITE_STATIC);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 1, COLNAME_NAME, "seq", SQLITE_STATIC);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 2, COLNAME_NAME, "table", SQLITE_STATIC);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 3, COLNAME_NAME, "from", SQLITE_STATIC);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 4, COLNAME_NAME, "to", SQLITE_STATIC);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 5, COLNAME_NAME, "on_update", SQLITE_STATIC);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 6, COLNAME_NAME, "on_delete", SQLITE_STATIC);
................................................................................
          pFK = pFK->pNextFrom;
        }
      }
    }
  }else
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY) */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "foreign_key_check")==0 ){
    FKey *pFK;             /* A foreign key constraint */
    Table *pTab;           /* Child table contain "REFERENCES" keyword */
    Table *pParent;        /* Parent table that child points to */
    Index *pIdx;           /* Index in the parent table */
    int i;                 /* Loop counter:  Foreign key number for pTab */
    int j;                 /* Loop counter:  Field of the foreign key */
    HashElem *k;           /* Loop counter:  Next table in schema */
    int x;                 /* result variable */
    int regResult;         /* 3 registers to hold a result row */
    int regKey;            /* Register to hold key for checking the FK */
    int regRow;            /* Registers to hold a row from pTab */
    int addrTop;           /* Top of a loop checking foreign keys */
    int addrOk;            /* Jump here if the key is OK */
    int *aiCols;           /* child to parent column mapping */

    if( sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ) goto pragma_out;
    regResult = pParse->nMem+1;
    pParse->nMem += 4;
    regKey = ++pParse->nMem;
    regRow = ++pParse->nMem;
    v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 4);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "table", SQLITE_STATIC);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 1, COLNAME_NAME, "rowid", SQLITE_STATIC);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 2, COLNAME_NAME, "parent", SQLITE_STATIC);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 3, COLNAME_NAME, "fkid", SQLITE_STATIC);
    sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iDb);
    k = sqliteHashFirst(&db->aDb[iDb].pSchema->tblHash);
    while( k ){
      if( zRight ){
        pTab = sqlite3LocateTable(pParse, 0, zRight, zDb);
        k = 0;
      }else{
        pTab = (Table*)sqliteHashData(k);
        k = sqliteHashNext(k);
      }
      if( pTab==0 || pTab->pFKey==0 ) continue;
      sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDb, pTab->tnum, 0, pTab->zName);
      if( pTab->nCol+regRow>pParse->nMem ) pParse->nMem = pTab->nCol + regRow;
      sqlite3OpenTable(pParse, 0, iDb, pTab, OP_OpenRead);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, regResult, 0, pTab->zName,
                        P4_TRANSIENT);
      for(i=1, pFK=pTab->pFKey; pFK; i++, pFK=pFK->pNextFrom){
        pParent = sqlite3LocateTable(pParse, 0, pFK->zTo, zDb);
        if( pParent==0 ) break;
        pIdx = 0;
        sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDb, pParent->tnum, 0, pParent->zName);
        x = sqlite3FkLocateIndex(pParse, pParent, pFK, &pIdx, 0);
        if( x==0 ){
          if( pIdx==0 ){
            sqlite3OpenTable(pParse, i, iDb, pParent, OP_OpenRead);
          }else{
            KeyInfo *pKey = sqlite3IndexKeyinfo(pParse, pIdx);
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenRead, i, pIdx->tnum, iDb);
            sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char*)pKey, P4_KEYINFO_HANDOFF);
          }
        }else{
          k = 0;
          break;
        }
      }
      if( pFK ) break;
      if( pParse->nTab<i ) pParse->nTab = i;
      addrTop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Rewind, 0);
      for(i=1, pFK=pTab->pFKey; pFK; i++, pFK=pFK->pNextFrom){
        pParent = sqlite3LocateTable(pParse, 0, pFK->zTo, zDb);
        assert( pParent!=0 );
        pIdx = 0;
        aiCols = 0;
        x = sqlite3FkLocateIndex(pParse, pParent, pFK, &pIdx, &aiCols);
        assert( x==0 );
        addrOk = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
        if( pIdx==0 ){
          int iKey = pFK->aCol[0].iFrom;
          assert( iKey>=0 && iKey<pTab->nCol );
          if( iKey!=pTab->iPKey ){
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, 0, iKey, regRow);
            sqlite3ColumnDefault(v, pTab, iKey, regRow);
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, regRow, addrOk);
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_MustBeInt, regRow,
               sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)+3);
          }else{
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rowid, 0, regRow);
          }
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, i, 0, regRow);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, addrOk);
          sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)-2);
        }else{
          for(j=0; j<pFK->nCol; j++){
            sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, 0,
                            aiCols ? aiCols[j] : pFK->aCol[0].iFrom, regRow+j);
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, regRow+j, addrOk);
          }
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regRow, pFK->nCol, regKey);
          sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1,
                   sqlite3IndexAffinityStr(v,pIdx), P4_TRANSIENT);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_Found, i, addrOk, regKey, 0);
        }
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rowid, 0, regResult+1);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, regResult+2, 0, 
                          pFK->zTo, P4_TRANSIENT);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, i-1, regResult+3);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, regResult, 4);
        sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrOk);
        sqlite3DbFree(db, aiCols);
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, 0, addrTop+1);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrTop);
    }
  }else
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER) */
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY) */

#ifndef NDEBUG
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "parser_trace")==0 ){
    if( zRight ){
      if( sqlite3GetBoolean(zRight, 0) ){
        sqlite3ParserTrace(stderr, "parser: ");
      }else{
        sqlite3ParserTrace(0, 0);
................................................................................
      sqlite3_key(db, zKey, i/2);
    }else{
      sqlite3_rekey(db, zKey, i/2);
    }
  }else
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_HAS_CODEC) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_CEROD)
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "activate_extensions")==0 && zRight ){
#ifdef SQLITE_HAS_CODEC
    if( sqlite3StrNICmp(zRight, "see-", 4)==0 ){
      sqlite3_activate_see(&zRight[4]);
    }
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_CEROD
    if( sqlite3StrNICmp(zRight, "cerod-", 6)==0 ){
................................................................................
  /* If opening a non-empty database, check the text encoding. For the
  ** main database, set sqlite3.enc to the encoding of the main database.
  ** For an attached db, it is an error if the encoding is not the same
  ** as sqlite3.enc.
  */
  if( meta[BTREE_TEXT_ENCODING-1] ){  /* text encoding */
    if( iDb==0 ){
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16
      u8 encoding;
      /* If opening the main database, set ENC(db). */
      encoding = (u8)meta[BTREE_TEXT_ENCODING-1] & 3;
      if( encoding==0 ) encoding = SQLITE_UTF8;
      ENC(db) = encoding;
#else
      ENC(db) = SQLITE_UTF8;
#endif
    }else{
      /* If opening an attached database, the encoding much match ENC(db) */
      if( meta[BTREE_TEXT_ENCODING-1]!=ENC(db) ){
        sqlite3SetString(pzErrMsg, db, "attached databases must use the same"
            " text encoding as main database");
        rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
        goto initone_error_out;
................................................................................
  Parse *pParse,        /* Parsing context */
  ExprList *pEList,     /* which columns to include in the result */
  SrcList *pSrc,        /* the FROM clause -- which tables to scan */
  Expr *pWhere,         /* the WHERE clause */
  ExprList *pGroupBy,   /* the GROUP BY clause */
  Expr *pHaving,        /* the HAVING clause */
  ExprList *pOrderBy,   /* the ORDER BY clause */
  u16 selFlags,         /* Flag parameters, such as SF_Distinct */
  Expr *pLimit,         /* LIMIT value.  NULL means not used */
  Expr *pOffset         /* OFFSET value.  NULL means no offset */
){
  Select *pNew;
  Select standin;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  pNew = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(*pNew) );
................................................................................
  pNew->pEList = pEList;
  if( pSrc==0 ) pSrc = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(*pSrc));
  pNew->pSrc = pSrc;
  pNew->pWhere = pWhere;
  pNew->pGroupBy = pGroupBy;
  pNew->pHaving = pHaving;
  pNew->pOrderBy = pOrderBy;
  pNew->selFlags = selFlags;
  pNew->op = TK_SELECT;
  pNew->pLimit = pLimit;
  pNew->pOffset = pOffset;
  assert( pOffset==0 || pLimit!=0 );
  pNew->addrOpenEphm[0] = -1;
  pNew->addrOpenEphm[1] = -1;
  pNew->addrOpenEphm[2] = -1;
................................................................................
  *pnCol = nCol;
  *paCol = aCol;

  for(i=0, pCol=aCol; i<nCol; i++, pCol++){
    /* Get an appropriate name for the column
    */
    p = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pEList->a[i].pExpr);


    if( (zName = pEList->a[i].zName)!=0 ){
      /* If the column contains an "AS <name>" phrase, use <name> as the name */
      zName = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, zName);
    }else{
      Expr *pColExpr = p;  /* The expression that is the result column name */
      Table *pTab;         /* Table associated with this expression */
      while( pColExpr->op==TK_DOT ){
................................................................................
    /* Make sure the column name is unique.  If the name is not unique,
    ** append a integer to the name so that it becomes unique.
    */
    nName = sqlite3Strlen30(zName);
    for(j=cnt=0; j<i; j++){
      if( sqlite3StrICmp(aCol[j].zName, zName)==0 ){
        char *zNewName;
        int k;
        for(k=nName-1; k>1 && sqlite3Isdigit(zName[k]); k--){}
        if( zName[k]==':' ) nName = k;
        zName[nName] = 0;
        zNewName = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%s:%d", zName, ++cnt);
        sqlite3DbFree(db, zName);
        zName = zNewName;
        j = -1;
        if( zName==0 ) break;
      }
................................................................................
  /* Generate code for the left and right SELECT statements.
  */
  switch( p->op ){
    case TK_ALL: {
      int addr = 0;
      int nLimit;
      assert( !pPrior->pLimit );
      pPrior->iLimit = p->iLimit;
      pPrior->iOffset = p->iOffset;
      pPrior->pLimit = p->pLimit;
      pPrior->pOffset = p->pOffset;
      explainSetInteger(iSub1, pParse->iNextSelectId);
      rc = sqlite3Select(pParse, pPrior, &dest);
      p->pLimit = 0;
      p->pOffset = 0;
      if( rc ){
................................................................................
  ** operator is UNION, EXCEPT, or INTERSECT (but not UNION ALL).
  */
  if( op==TK_ALL ){
    regPrev = 0;
  }else{
    int nExpr = p->pEList->nExpr;
    assert( nOrderBy>=nExpr || db->mallocFailed );
    regPrev = pParse->nMem+1;
    pParse->nMem += nExpr+1;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, regPrev);
    pKeyDup = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db,
                  sizeof(*pKeyDup) + nExpr*(sizeof(CollSeq*)+1) );
    if( pKeyDup ){
      pKeyDup->aSortOrder = (u8*)&pKeyDup->aColl[nExpr];
      pKeyDup->nField = (u16)nExpr;
      pKeyDup->enc = ENC(db);
................................................................................
  sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, labelCmpr);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Permutation, 0, 0, 0, (char*)aPermute, P4_INTARRAY);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Compare, destA.iSdst, destB.iSdst, nOrderBy,
                         (char*)pKeyMerge, P4_KEYINFO_HANDOFF);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_PERMUTE);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Jump, addrAltB, addrAeqB, addrAgtB);







  /* Jump to the this point in order to terminate the query.
  */
  sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, labelEnd);

  /* Set the number of output columns
  */
  if( pDest->eDest==SRT_Output ){
................................................................................
  **
  ** We call this the "compound-subquery flattening".
  */
  for(pSub=pSub->pPrior; pSub; pSub=pSub->pPrior){
    Select *pNew;
    ExprList *pOrderBy = p->pOrderBy;
    Expr *pLimit = p->pLimit;
    Expr *pOffset = p->pOffset;
    Select *pPrior = p->pPrior;
    p->pOrderBy = 0;
    p->pSrc = 0;
    p->pPrior = 0;
    p->pLimit = 0;
    p->pOffset = 0;
    pNew = sqlite3SelectDup(db, p, 0);
    p->pOffset = pOffset;
    p->pLimit = pLimit;
    p->pOrderBy = pOrderBy;
    p->pSrc = pSrc;
    p->op = TK_ALL;
    p->pRightmost = 0;
    if( pNew==0 ){
      pNew = pPrior;
................................................................................
  sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pSub1);

  return 1;
}
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) */

/*
** Based on the contents of the AggInfo structure indicated by the first
** argument, this function checks if the following are true:
**
**    * the query contains just a single aggregate function,
**    * the aggregate function is either min() or max(), and
**    * the argument to the aggregate function is a column value.
**
** If all of the above are true, then WHERE_ORDERBY_MIN or WHERE_ORDERBY_MAX
** is returned as appropriate. Also, *ppMinMax is set to point to the 
** list of arguments passed to the aggregate before returning.
**
** Or, if the conditions above are not met, *ppMinMax is set to 0 and
** WHERE_ORDERBY_NORMAL is returned.
*/
static u8 minMaxQuery(AggInfo *pAggInfo, ExprList **ppMinMax){
  int eRet = WHERE_ORDERBY_NORMAL;          /* Return value */

  *ppMinMax = 0;
  if( pAggInfo->nFunc==1 ){
    Expr *pExpr = pAggInfo->aFunc[0].pExpr; /* Aggregate function */
    ExprList *pEList = pExpr->x.pList;      /* Arguments to agg function */

    assert( pExpr->op==TK_AGG_FUNCTION );
    if( pEList && pEList->nExpr==1 && pEList->a[0].pExpr->op==TK_AGG_COLUMN ){
      const char *zFunc = pExpr->u.zToken;
      if( sqlite3StrICmp(zFunc, "min")==0 ){
        eRet = WHERE_ORDERBY_MIN;
        *ppMinMax = pEList;
      }else if( sqlite3StrICmp(zFunc, "max")==0 ){
        eRet = WHERE_ORDERBY_MAX;
        *ppMinMax = pEList;
      }
    }
  }

  assert( *ppMinMax==0 || (*ppMinMax)->nExpr==1 );
  return eRet;
}

/*
** The select statement passed as the first argument is an aggregate query.
** The second argment is the associated aggregate-info object. This 
** function tests if the SELECT is of the form:
**
................................................................................
static int selectExpander(Walker *pWalker, Select *p){
  Parse *pParse = pWalker->pParse;
  int i, j, k;
  SrcList *pTabList;
  ExprList *pEList;
  struct SrcList_item *pFrom;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  Expr *pE, *pRight, *pExpr;
  u16 selFlags = p->selFlags;

  p->selFlags |= SF_Expanded;
  if( db->mallocFailed  ){
    return WRC_Abort;
  }
  if( NEVER(p->pSrc==0) || (selFlags & SF_Expanded)!=0 ){
    return WRC_Prune;
  }

  pTabList = p->pSrc;
  pEList = p->pEList;

  /* Make sure cursor numbers have been assigned to all entries in
  ** the FROM clause of the SELECT statement.
  */
  sqlite3SrcListAssignCursors(pParse, pTabList);
................................................................................
      pTab->tabFlags |= TF_Ephemeral;
#endif
    }else{
      /* An ordinary table or view name in the FROM clause */
      assert( pFrom->pTab==0 );
      pFrom->pTab = pTab = sqlite3LocateTableItem(pParse, 0, pFrom);
      if( pTab==0 ) return WRC_Abort;
      if( pTab->nRef==0xffff ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "too many references to \"%s\": max 65535",
           pTab->zName);
        pFrom->pTab = 0;
        return WRC_Abort;
      }
      pTab->nRef++;
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) || !defined (SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE)
      if( pTab->pSelect || IsVirtual(pTab) ){
        /* We reach here if the named table is a really a view */
        if( sqlite3ViewGetColumnNames(pParse, pTab) ) return WRC_Abort;
        assert( pFrom->pSelect==0 );
        pFrom->pSelect = sqlite3SelectDup(db, pTab->pSelect, 0);
................................................................................
  ** The following code just has to locate the TK_ALL expressions and expand
  ** each one to the list of all columns in all tables.
  **
  ** The first loop just checks to see if there are any "*" operators
  ** that need expanding.
  */
  for(k=0; k<pEList->nExpr; k++){
    pE = pEList->a[k].pExpr;
    if( pE->op==TK_ALL ) break;
    assert( pE->op!=TK_DOT || pE->pRight!=0 );
    assert( pE->op!=TK_DOT || (pE->pLeft!=0 && pE->pLeft->op==TK_ID) );
    if( pE->op==TK_DOT && pE->pRight->op==TK_ALL ) break;
  }
  if( k<pEList->nExpr ){
    /*
................................................................................
    */
    struct ExprList_item *a = pEList->a;
    ExprList *pNew = 0;
    int flags = pParse->db->flags;
    int longNames = (flags & SQLITE_FullColNames)!=0
                      && (flags & SQLITE_ShortColNames)==0;

    /* When processing FROM-clause subqueries, it is always the case
    ** that full_column_names=OFF and short_column_names=ON.  The
    ** sqlite3ResultSetOfSelect() routine makes it so. */
    assert( (p->selFlags & SF_NestedFrom)==0
          || ((flags & SQLITE_FullColNames)==0 &&
              (flags & SQLITE_ShortColNames)!=0) );

    for(k=0; k<pEList->nExpr; k++){
      pE = a[k].pExpr;
      pRight = pE->pRight;
      assert( pE->op!=TK_DOT || pRight!=0 );
      if( pE->op!=TK_ALL && (pE->op!=TK_DOT || pRight->op!=TK_ALL) ){
        /* This particular expression does not need to be expanded.
        */
        pNew = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, pNew, a[k].pExpr);
        if( pNew ){
          pNew->a[pNew->nExpr-1].zName = a[k].zName;
          pNew->a[pNew->nExpr-1].zSpan = a[k].zSpan;
          a[k].zName = 0;
................................................................................
          a[k].zSpan = 0;
        }
        a[k].pExpr = 0;
      }else{
        /* This expression is a "*" or a "TABLE.*" and needs to be
        ** expanded. */
        int tableSeen = 0;      /* Set to 1 when TABLE matches */
        char *zTName = 0;       /* text of name of TABLE */
        if( pE->op==TK_DOT ){
          assert( pE->pLeft!=0 );
          assert( !ExprHasProperty(pE->pLeft, EP_IntValue) );
          zTName = pE->pLeft->u.zToken;


        }
        for(i=0, pFrom=pTabList->a; i<pTabList->nSrc; i++, pFrom++){
          Table *pTab = pFrom->pTab;
          Select *pSub = pFrom->pSelect;
          char *zTabName = pFrom->zAlias;
          const char *zSchemaName = 0;
          int iDb;
          if( zTabName==0 ){
            zTabName = pTab->zName;
          }
          if( db->mallocFailed ) break;
          if( pSub==0 || (pSub->selFlags & SF_NestedFrom)==0 ){
            pSub = 0;
            if( zTName && sqlite3StrICmp(zTName, zTabName)!=0 ){
              continue;
            }

            iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pTab->pSchema);
            zSchemaName = iDb>=0 ? db->aDb[iDb].zName : "*";
          }
          for(j=0; j<pTab->nCol; j++){

            char *zName = pTab->aCol[j].zName;
            char *zColname;  /* The computed column name */
            char *zToFree;   /* Malloced string that needs to be freed */
            Token sColname;  /* Computed column name as a token */

            assert( zName );
            if( zTName && pSub
             && sqlite3MatchSpanName(pSub->pEList->a[j].zSpan, 0, zTName, 0)==0
            ){
              continue;
            }

            /* If a column is marked as 'hidden' (currently only possible
            ** for virtual tables), do not include it in the expanded
            ** result-set list.
            */
            if( IsHiddenColumn(&pTab->aCol[j]) ){
              assert(IsVirtual(pTab));
              continue;
            }
            tableSeen = 1;

            if( i>0 && zTName==0 ){
              if( (pFrom->jointype & JT_NATURAL)!=0
                && tableAndColumnIndex(pTabList, i, zName, 0, 0)
              ){
                /* In a NATURAL join, omit the join columns from the 
                ** table to the right of the join */
................................................................................
            pRight = sqlite3Expr(db, TK_ID, zName);
            zColname = zName;
            zToFree = 0;
            if( longNames || pTabList->nSrc>1 ){
              Expr *pLeft;
              pLeft = sqlite3Expr(db, TK_ID, zTabName);
              pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_DOT, pLeft, pRight, 0);
              if( zSchemaName ){
                pLeft = sqlite3Expr(db, TK_ID, zSchemaName);
                pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_DOT, pLeft, pExpr, 0);
              }
              if( longNames ){
                zColname = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%s.%s", zTabName, zName);
                zToFree = zColname;
              }
            }else{
              pExpr = pRight;
            }
            pNew = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, pNew, pExpr);
            sColname.z = zColname;
            sColname.n = sqlite3Strlen30(zColname);
            sqlite3ExprListSetName(pParse, pNew, &sColname, 0);
            if( pNew && (p->selFlags & SF_NestedFrom)!=0 ){
              struct ExprList_item *pX = &pNew->a[pNew->nExpr-1];
              if( pSub ){
                pX->zSpan = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pSub->pEList->a[j].zSpan);
                testcase( pX->zSpan==0 );
              }else{
                pX->zSpan = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%s.%s.%s",
                                           zSchemaName, zTabName, zColname);
                testcase( pX->zSpan==0 );
              }
              pX->bSpanIsTab = 1;
            }
            sqlite3DbFree(db, zToFree);
          }
        }
        if( !tableSeen ){
          if( zTName ){
            sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "no such table: %s", zTName);
          }else{
................................................................................
  Parse *pParse,         /* The parser context */
  Select *p,             /* The SELECT statement being coded. */
  NameContext *pOuterNC  /* Name context for container */
){
  sqlite3 *db;
  if( NEVER(p==0) ) return;
  db = pParse->db;
  if( db->mallocFailed ) return;
  if( p->selFlags & SF_HasTypeInfo ) return;
  sqlite3SelectExpand(pParse, p);
  if( pParse->nErr || db->mallocFailed ) return;
  sqlite3ResolveSelectNames(pParse, p, pOuterNC);
  if( pParse->nErr || db->mallocFailed ) return;
  sqlite3SelectAddTypeInfo(pParse, p);
}
................................................................................
        **
        **   + The optimizer code in where.c (the thing that decides which
        **     index or indices to use) should place a different priority on 
        **     satisfying the 'ORDER BY' clause than it does in other cases.
        **     Refer to code and comments in where.c for details.
        */
        ExprList *pMinMax = 0;
        u8 flag = WHERE_ORDERBY_NORMAL;
        
        assert( p->pGroupBy==0 );
        assert( flag==0 );
        if( p->pHaving==0 ){
          flag = minMaxQuery(&sAggInfo, &pMinMax);
        }
        assert( flag==0 || (pMinMax!=0 && pMinMax->nExpr==1) );

        if( flag ){


          pMinMax = sqlite3ExprListDup(db, pMinMax, 0);
          pDel = pMinMax;
          if( pMinMax && !db->mallocFailed ){
            pMinMax->a[0].sortOrder = flag!=WHERE_ORDERBY_MIN ?1:0;
            pMinMax->a[0].pExpr->op = TK_COLUMN;
          }
        }
  
................................................................................
  }
}
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExplainSelect(Vdbe *pVdbe, Select *p){
  if( p==0 ){
    sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pVdbe, "(null-select)");
    return;
  }
  while( p->pPrior ){
    p->pPrior->pNext = p;
    p = p->pPrior;
  }
  sqlite3ExplainPush(pVdbe);
  while( p ){
    explainOneSelect(pVdbe, p);
    p = p->pNext;
    if( p==0 ) break;
    sqlite3ExplainNL(pVdbe);
    sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pVdbe, "%s\n", selectOpName(p->op));
................................................................................
typedef struct WhereTerm WhereTerm;
struct WhereTerm {
  Expr *pExpr;            /* Pointer to the subexpression that is this term */
  int iParent;            /* Disable pWC->a[iParent] when this term disabled */
  int leftCursor;         /* Cursor number of X in "X <op> <expr>" */
  union {
    int leftColumn;         /* Column number of X in "X <op> <expr>" */
    WhereOrInfo *pOrInfo;   /* Extra information if (eOperator & WO_OR)!=0 */
    WhereAndInfo *pAndInfo; /* Extra information if (eOperator& WO_AND)!=0 */
  } u;
  u16 eOperator;          /* A WO_xx value describing <op> */
  u8 wtFlags;             /* TERM_xxx bit flags.  See below */
  u8 nChild;              /* Number of children that must disable us */
  WhereClause *pWC;       /* The clause this term is part of */
  Bitmask prereqRight;    /* Bitmask of tables used by pExpr->pRight */
  Bitmask prereqAll;      /* Bitmask of tables referenced by pExpr */
................................................................................
** There are separate WhereClause objects for the whole clause and for
** the subclauses "(b AND c)" and "(d AND e)".  The pOuter field of the
** subclauses points to the WhereClause object for the whole clause.
*/
struct WhereClause {
  Parse *pParse;           /* The parser context */
  WhereMaskSet *pMaskSet;  /* Mapping of table cursor numbers to bitmasks */

  WhereClause *pOuter;     /* Outer conjunction */
  u8 op;                   /* Split operator.  TK_AND or TK_OR */
  u16 wctrlFlags;          /* Might include WHERE_AND_ONLY */
  int nTerm;               /* Number of terms */
  int nSlot;               /* Number of entries in a[] */
  WhereTerm *a;            /* Each a[] describes a term of the WHERE cluase */
#if defined(SQLITE_SMALL_STACK)
................................................................................
#define WO_LE     (WO_EQ<<(TK_LE-TK_EQ))
#define WO_GT     (WO_EQ<<(TK_GT-TK_EQ))
#define WO_GE     (WO_EQ<<(TK_GE-TK_EQ))
#define WO_MATCH  0x040
#define WO_ISNULL 0x080
#define WO_OR     0x100       /* Two or more OR-connected terms */
#define WO_AND    0x200       /* Two or more AND-connected terms */
#define WO_EQUIV  0x400       /* Of the form A==B, both columns */
#define WO_NOOP   0x800       /* This term does not restrict search space */

#define WO_ALL    0xfff       /* Mask of all possible WO_* values */
#define WO_SINGLE 0x0ff       /* Mask of all non-compound WO_* values */

/*
** Value for wsFlags returned by bestIndex() and stored in
................................................................................
#define WHERE_ROWID_RANGE  0x00002000  /* rowid<EXPR and/or rowid>EXPR */
#define WHERE_COLUMN_EQ    0x00010000  /* x=EXPR or x IN (...) or x IS NULL */
#define WHERE_COLUMN_RANGE 0x00020000  /* x<EXPR and/or x>EXPR */
#define WHERE_COLUMN_IN    0x00040000  /* x IN (...) */
#define WHERE_COLUMN_NULL  0x00080000  /* x IS NULL */
#define WHERE_INDEXED      0x000f0000  /* Anything that uses an index */
#define WHERE_NOT_FULLSCAN 0x100f3000  /* Does not do a full table scan */
#define WHERE_IN_ABLE      0x080f1000  /* Able to support an IN operator */
#define WHERE_TOP_LIMIT    0x00100000  /* x<EXPR or x<=EXPR constraint */
#define WHERE_BTM_LIMIT    0x00200000  /* x>EXPR or x>=EXPR constraint */
#define WHERE_BOTH_LIMIT   0x00300000  /* Both x>EXPR and x<EXPR */
#define WHERE_IDX_ONLY     0x00400000  /* Use index only - omit table */
#define WHERE_ORDERED      0x00800000  /* Output will appear in correct order */
#define WHERE_REVERSE      0x01000000  /* Scan in reverse order */
#define WHERE_UNIQUE       0x02000000  /* Selects no more than one row */
................................................................................
){
  pWC->pParse = pParse;
  pWC->pMaskSet = pMaskSet;
  pWC->pOuter = 0;
  pWC->nTerm = 0;
  pWC->nSlot = ArraySize(pWC->aStatic);
  pWC->a = pWC->aStatic;

  pWC->wctrlFlags = wctrlFlags;
}

/* Forward reference */
static void whereClauseClear(WhereClause*);

/*
................................................................................
    memcpy(pWC->a, pOld, sizeof(pWC->a[0])*pWC->nTerm);
    if( pOld!=pWC->aStatic ){
      sqlite3DbFree(db, pOld);
    }
    pWC->nSlot = sqlite3DbMallocSize(db, pWC->a)/sizeof(pWC->a[0]);
  }
  pTerm = &pWC->a[idx = pWC->nTerm++];
  pTerm->pExpr = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(p);
  pTerm->wtFlags = wtFlags;
  pTerm->pWC = pWC;
  pTerm->iParent = -1;
  return idx;
}

/*
................................................................................
}

/*
** Search for a term in the WHERE clause that is of the form "X <op> <expr>"
** where X is a reference to the iColumn of table iCur and <op> is one of
** the WO_xx operator codes specified by the op parameter.
** Return a pointer to the term.  Return 0 if not found.
**
** The term returned might by Y=<expr> if there is another constraint in
** the WHERE clause that specifies that X=Y.  Any such constraints will be
** identified by the WO_EQUIV bit in the pTerm->eOperator field.  The
** aEquiv[] array holds X and all its equivalents, with each SQL variable
** taking up two slots in aEquiv[].  The first slot is for the cursor number
** and the second is for the column number.  There are 22 slots in aEquiv[]
** so that means we can look for X plus up to 10 other equivalent values.
** Hence a search for X will return <expr> if X=A1 and A1=A2 and A2=A3
** and ... and A9=A10 and A10=<expr>.
**
** If there are multiple terms in the WHERE clause of the form "X <op> <expr>"
** then try for the one with no dependencies on <expr> - in other words where
** <expr> is a constant expression of some kind.  Only return entries of
** the form "X <op> Y" where Y is a column in another table if no terms of
** the form "X <op> <const-expr>" exist.   If no terms with a constant RHS
** exist, try to return a term that does not use WO_EQUIV.
*/
static WhereTerm *findTerm(
  WhereClause *pWC,     /* The WHERE clause to be searched */
  int iCur,             /* Cursor number of LHS */
  int iColumn,          /* Column number of LHS */
  Bitmask notReady,     /* RHS must not overlap with this mask */
  u32 op,               /* Mask of WO_xx values describing operator */
  Index *pIdx           /* Must be compatible with this index, if not NULL */
){
  WhereTerm *pTerm;            /* Term being examined as possible result */
  WhereTerm *pResult = 0;      /* The answer to return */
  WhereClause *pWCOrig = pWC;  /* Original pWC value */
  int j, k;                    /* Loop counters */
  Expr *pX;                /* Pointer to an expression */
  Parse *pParse;           /* Parsing context */
  int iOrigCol = iColumn;  /* Original value of iColumn */
  int nEquiv = 2;          /* Number of entires in aEquiv[] */
  int iEquiv = 2;          /* Number of entries of aEquiv[] processed so far */
  int aEquiv[22];          /* iCur,iColumn and up to 10 other equivalents */

  assert( iCur>=0 );

  aEquiv[0] = iCur;
  aEquiv[1] = iColumn;
  for(;;){
    for(pWC=pWCOrig; pWC; pWC=pWC->pOuter){
      for(pTerm=pWC->a, k=pWC->nTerm; k; k--, pTerm++){
        if( pTerm->leftCursor==iCur

          && pTerm->u.leftColumn==iColumn
        ){
          if( (pTerm->prereqRight & notReady)==0
           && (pTerm->eOperator & op & WO_ALL)!=0
          ){


            if( iOrigCol>=0 && pIdx && (pTerm->eOperator & WO_ISNULL)==0 ){
              CollSeq *pColl;
              char idxaff;


      
              pX = pTerm->pExpr;
              pParse = pWC->pParse;
              idxaff = pIdx->pTable->aCol[iOrigCol].affinity;
              if( !sqlite3IndexAffinityOk(pX, idxaff) ){
                continue;
              }
      
              /* Figure out the collation sequence required from an index for
              ** it to be useful for optimising expression pX. Store this
              ** value in variable pColl.
              */
              assert(pX->pLeft);
              pColl = sqlite3BinaryCompareCollSeq(pParse,pX->pLeft,pX->pRight);
              if( pColl==0 ) pColl = pParse->db->pDfltColl;
      
              for(j=0; pIdx->aiColumn[j]!=iOrigCol; j++){
                if( NEVER(j>=pIdx->nColumn) ) return 0;
              }
              if( sqlite3StrICmp(pColl->zName, pIdx->azColl[j]) ){
                continue;
              }
            }
            if( pTerm->prereqRight==0 ){
              pResult = pTerm;
              goto findTerm_success;
            }else if( pResult==0 ){
              pResult = pTerm;
            }
          }
          if( (pTerm->eOperator & WO_EQUIV)!=0
           && nEquiv<ArraySize(aEquiv)
          ){
            pX = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pTerm->pExpr->pRight);
            assert( pX->op==TK_COLUMN );
            for(j=0; j<nEquiv; j+=2){
              if( aEquiv[j]==pX->iTable && aEquiv[j+1]==pX->iColumn ) break;
            }
            if( j==nEquiv ){
              aEquiv[j] = pX->iTable;
              aEquiv[j+1] = pX->iColumn;
              nEquiv += 2;
            }
          }
        }
      }
    }
    if( iEquiv>=nEquiv ) break;
    iCur = aEquiv[iEquiv++];
    iColumn = aEquiv[iEquiv++];
  }
findTerm_success:
  return pResult;
}

/* Forward reference */
static void exprAnalyze(SrcList*, WhereClause*, int);

/*
** Call exprAnalyze on all terms in a WHERE clause.  
................................................................................
**     (B)     x=expr1 OR expr2=x OR x=expr3
**     (C)     t1.x=t2.y OR (t1.x=t2.z AND t1.y=15)
**     (D)     x=expr1 OR (y>11 AND y<22 AND z LIKE '*hello*')
**     (E)     (p.a=1 AND q.b=2 AND r.c=3) OR (p.x=4 AND q.y=5 AND r.z=6)
**
** CASE 1:
**
** If all subterms are of the form T.C=expr for some single column of C and
** a single table T (as shown in example B above) then create a new virtual
** term that is an equivalent IN expression.  In other words, if the term
** being analyzed is:
**
**      x = expr1  OR  expr2 = x  OR  x = expr3
**
** then create a new virtual term like this:
................................................................................
  if( db->mallocFailed ) return;
  assert( pOrWc->nTerm>=2 );

  /*
  ** Compute the set of tables that might satisfy cases 1 or 2.
  */
  indexable = ~(Bitmask)0;
  chngToIN = ~(Bitmask)0;
  for(i=pOrWc->nTerm-1, pOrTerm=pOrWc->a; i>=0 && indexable; i--, pOrTerm++){
    if( (pOrTerm->eOperator & WO_SINGLE)==0 ){
      WhereAndInfo *pAndInfo;

      assert( (pOrTerm->wtFlags & (TERM_ANDINFO|TERM_ORINFO))==0 );
      chngToIN = 0;
      pAndInfo = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, sizeof(*pAndInfo));
      if( pAndInfo ){
        WhereClause *pAndWC;
        WhereTerm *pAndTerm;
        int j;
................................................................................
      Bitmask b;
      b = getMask(pMaskSet, pOrTerm->leftCursor);
      if( pOrTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL ){
        WhereTerm *pOther = &pOrWc->a[pOrTerm->iParent];
        b |= getMask(pMaskSet, pOther->leftCursor);
      }
      indexable &= b;
      if( (pOrTerm->eOperator & WO_EQ)==0 ){
        chngToIN = 0;
      }else{
        chngToIN &= b;
      }
    }
  }

................................................................................
    ** will be recorded in iCursor and iColumn.  There might not be any
    ** such table and column.  Set okToChngToIN if an appropriate table
    ** and column is found but leave okToChngToIN false if not found.
    */
    for(j=0; j<2 && !okToChngToIN; j++){
      pOrTerm = pOrWc->a;
      for(i=pOrWc->nTerm-1; i>=0; i--, pOrTerm++){
        assert( pOrTerm->eOperator & WO_EQ );
        pOrTerm->wtFlags &= ~TERM_OR_OK;
        if( pOrTerm->leftCursor==iCursor ){
          /* This is the 2-bit case and we are on the second iteration and
          ** current term is from the first iteration.  So skip this term. */
          assert( j==1 );
          continue;
        }
................................................................................
        iCursor = pOrTerm->leftCursor;
        break;
      }
      if( i<0 ){
        /* No candidate table+column was found.  This can only occur
        ** on the second iteration */
        assert( j==1 );
        assert( IsPowerOfTwo(chngToIN) );
        assert( chngToIN==getMask(pMaskSet, iCursor) );
        break;
      }
      testcase( j==1 );

      /* We have found a candidate table and column.  Check to see if that
      ** table and column is common to every term in the OR clause */
      okToChngToIN = 1;
      for(; i>=0 && okToChngToIN; i--, pOrTerm++){
        assert( pOrTerm->eOperator & WO_EQ );
        if( pOrTerm->leftCursor!=iCursor ){
          pOrTerm->wtFlags &= ~TERM_OR_OK;
        }else if( pOrTerm->u.leftColumn!=iColumn ){
          okToChngToIN = 0;
        }else{
          int affLeft, affRight;
          /* If the right-hand side is also a column, then the affinities
................................................................................
      Expr *pDup;            /* A transient duplicate expression */
      ExprList *pList = 0;   /* The RHS of the IN operator */
      Expr *pLeft = 0;       /* The LHS of the IN operator */
      Expr *pNew;            /* The complete IN operator */

      for(i=pOrWc->nTerm-1, pOrTerm=pOrWc->a; i>=0; i--, pOrTerm++){
        if( (pOrTerm->wtFlags & TERM_OR_OK)==0 ) continue;
        assert( pOrTerm->eOperator & WO_EQ );
        assert( pOrTerm->leftCursor==iCursor );
        assert( pOrTerm->u.leftColumn==iColumn );
        pDup = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pOrTerm->pExpr->pRight, 0);
        pList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pWC->pParse, pList, pDup);
        pLeft = pOrTerm->pExpr->pLeft;
      }
      assert( pLeft!=0 );
................................................................................
        sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, pList);
      }
      pTerm->eOperator = WO_NOOP;  /* case 1 trumps case 2 */
    }
  }
}
#endif /* !SQLITE_OMIT_OR_OPTIMIZATION && !SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY */


/*
** The input to this routine is an WhereTerm structure with only the
** "pExpr" field filled in.  The job of this routine is to analyze the
** subexpression and populate all the other fields of the WhereTerm
** structure.
**
................................................................................
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;        /* Database connection */

  if( db->mallocFailed ){
    return;
  }
  pTerm = &pWC->a[idxTerm];
  pMaskSet = pWC->pMaskSet;
  pExpr = pTerm->pExpr;
  assert( pExpr->op!=TK_AS && pExpr->op!=TK_COLLATE );
  prereqLeft = exprTableUsage(pMaskSet, pExpr->pLeft);
  op = pExpr->op;
  if( op==TK_IN ){
    assert( pExpr->pRight==0 );
    if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
      pTerm->prereqRight = exprSelectTableUsage(pMaskSet, pExpr->x.pSelect);
    }else{
................................................................................
    extraRight = x-1;  /* ON clause terms may not be used with an index
                       ** on left table of a LEFT JOIN.  Ticket #3015 */
  }
  pTerm->prereqAll = prereqAll;
  pTerm->leftCursor = -1;
  pTerm->iParent = -1;
  pTerm->eOperator = 0;
  if( allowedOp(op) ){
    Expr *pLeft = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pExpr->pLeft);
    Expr *pRight = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pExpr->pRight);
    u16 opMask = (pTerm->prereqRight & prereqLeft)==0 ? WO_ALL : WO_EQUIV;
    if( pLeft->op==TK_COLUMN ){
      pTerm->leftCursor = pLeft->iTable;
      pTerm->u.leftColumn = pLeft->iColumn;
      pTerm->eOperator = operatorMask(op) & opMask;
    }
    if( pRight && pRight->op==TK_COLUMN ){
      WhereTerm *pNew;
      Expr *pDup;
      u16 eExtraOp = 0;        /* Extra bits for pNew->eOperator */
      if( pTerm->leftCursor>=0 ){
        int idxNew;
        pDup = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pExpr, 0);
        if( db->mallocFailed ){
          sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pDup);
          return;
        }
................................................................................
        idxNew = whereClauseInsert(pWC, pDup, TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_DYNAMIC);
        if( idxNew==0 ) return;
        pNew = &pWC->a[idxNew];
        pNew->iParent = idxTerm;
        pTerm = &pWC->a[idxTerm];
        pTerm->nChild = 1;
        pTerm->wtFlags |= TERM_COPIED;
        if( pExpr->op==TK_EQ
         && !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_FromJoin)
         && OptimizationEnabled(db, SQLITE_Transitive)
        ){
          pTerm->eOperator |= WO_EQUIV;
          eExtraOp = WO_EQUIV;
        }
      }else{
        pDup = pExpr;
        pNew = pTerm;
      }
      exprCommute(pParse, pDup);
      pLeft = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pDup->pLeft);
      pNew->leftCursor = pLeft->iTable;
      pNew->u.leftColumn = pLeft->iColumn;
      testcase( (prereqLeft | extraRight) != prereqLeft );
      pNew->prereqRight = prereqLeft | extraRight;
      pNew->prereqAll = prereqAll;
      pNew->eOperator = (operatorMask(pDup->op) + eExtraOp) & opMask;
    }
  }

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BETWEEN_OPTIMIZATION
  /* If a term is the BETWEEN operator, create two new virtual terms
  ** that define the range that the BETWEEN implements.  For example:
  **
................................................................................
  }
  if( pWC->wctrlFlags & WHERE_AND_ONLY ){
    return;
  }

  /* Search the WHERE clause terms for a usable WO_OR term. */
  for(pTerm=pWC->a; pTerm<pWCEnd; pTerm++){
    if( (pTerm->eOperator & WO_OR)!=0
     && ((pTerm->prereqAll & ~maskSrc) & p->notReady)==0
     && (pTerm->u.pOrInfo->indexable & maskSrc)!=0 
    ){
      WhereClause * const pOrWC = &pTerm->u.pOrInfo->wc;
      WhereTerm * const pOrWCEnd = &pOrWC->a[pOrWC->nTerm];
      WhereTerm *pOrTerm;
      int flags = WHERE_MULTI_OR;
................................................................................
      sBOI.pOrderBy = 0;
      sBOI.pDistinct = 0;
      sBOI.ppIdxInfo = 0;
      for(pOrTerm=pOrWC->a; pOrTerm<pOrWCEnd; pOrTerm++){
        WHERETRACE(("... Multi-index OR testing for term %d of %d....\n", 
          (pOrTerm - pOrWC->a), (pTerm - pWC->a)
        ));
        if( (pOrTerm->eOperator& WO_AND)!=0 ){
          sBOI.pWC = &pOrTerm->u.pAndInfo->wc;
          bestIndex(&sBOI);
        }else if( pOrTerm->leftCursor==iCur ){
          WhereClause tempWC;
          tempWC.pParse = pWC->pParse;
          tempWC.pMaskSet = pWC->pMaskSet;
          tempWC.pOuter = pWC;
................................................................................
static int termCanDriveIndex(
  WhereTerm *pTerm,              /* WHERE clause term to check */
  struct SrcList_item *pSrc,     /* Table we are trying to access */
  Bitmask notReady               /* Tables in outer loops of the join */
){
  char aff;
  if( pTerm->leftCursor!=pSrc->iCursor ) return 0;
  if( (pTerm->eOperator & WO_EQ)==0 ) return 0;
  if( (pTerm->prereqRight & notReady)!=0 ) return 0;
  aff = pSrc->pTab->aCol[pTerm->u.leftColumn].affinity;
  if( !sqlite3IndexAffinityOk(pTerm->pExpr, aff) ) return 0;
  return 1;
}
#endif

................................................................................

  WHERETRACE(("Recomputing index info for %s...\n", pSrc->pTab->zName));

  /* Count the number of possible WHERE clause constraints referring
  ** to this virtual table */
  for(i=nTerm=0, pTerm=pWC->a; i<pWC->nTerm; i++, pTerm++){
    if( pTerm->leftCursor != pSrc->iCursor ) continue;
    assert( IsPowerOfTwo(pTerm->eOperator & ~WO_EQUIV) );
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_IN );
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_ISNULL );
    if( pTerm->eOperator & (WO_ISNULL) ) continue;
    if( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VNULL ) continue;
    nTerm++;
  }

  /* If the ORDER BY clause contains only columns in the current 
  ** virtual table then allocate space for the aOrderBy part of
  ** the sqlite3_index_info structure.
................................................................................
  *(int*)&pIdxInfo->nOrderBy = nOrderBy;
  *(struct sqlite3_index_constraint**)&pIdxInfo->aConstraint = pIdxCons;
  *(struct sqlite3_index_orderby**)&pIdxInfo->aOrderBy = pIdxOrderBy;
  *(struct sqlite3_index_constraint_usage**)&pIdxInfo->aConstraintUsage =
                                                                   pUsage;

  for(i=j=0, pTerm=pWC->a; i<pWC->nTerm; i++, pTerm++){
    u8 op;
    if( pTerm->leftCursor != pSrc->iCursor ) continue;

    assert( IsPowerOfTwo(pTerm->eOperator & ~WO_EQUIV) );
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_IN );
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_ISNULL );
    if( pTerm->eOperator & (WO_ISNULL) ) continue;
    if( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VNULL ) continue;
    pIdxCons[j].iColumn = pTerm->u.leftColumn;
    pIdxCons[j].iTermOffset = i;
    op = (u8)pTerm->eOperator & WO_ALL;
    if( op==WO_IN ) op = WO_EQ;
    pIdxCons[j].op = op;
    /* The direct assignment in the previous line is possible only because
    ** the WO_ and SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_ codes are identical.  The
    ** following asserts verify this fact. */
    assert( WO_EQ==SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_EQ );
    assert( WO_LT==SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_LT );
    assert( WO_LE==SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_LE );
    assert( WO_GT==SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_GT );
    assert( WO_GE==SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_GE );
    assert( WO_MATCH==SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_MATCH );
    assert( pTerm->eOperator & (WO_IN|WO_EQ|WO_LT|WO_LE|WO_GT|WO_GE|WO_MATCH) );
    j++;
  }
  for(i=0; i<nOrderBy; i++){
    Expr *pExpr = pOrderBy->a[i].pExpr;
    pIdxOrderBy[i].iColumn = pExpr->iColumn;
    pIdxOrderBy[i].desc = pOrderBy->a[i].sortOrder;
  }
................................................................................
  WhereClause *pWC = p->pWC;      /* The WHERE clause */
  struct SrcList_item *pSrc = p->pSrc; /* The FROM clause term to search */
  Table *pTab = pSrc->pTab;
  sqlite3_index_info *pIdxInfo;
  struct sqlite3_index_constraint *pIdxCons;
  struct sqlite3_index_constraint_usage *pUsage;
  WhereTerm *pTerm;
  int i, j, k;
  int nOrderBy;
  int sortOrder;                  /* Sort order for IN clauses */
  int bAllowIN;                   /* Allow IN optimizations */
  double rCost;

  /* Make sure wsFlags is initialized to some sane value. Otherwise, if the 
  ** malloc in allocateIndexInfo() fails and this function returns leaving
  ** wsFlags in an uninitialized state, the caller may behave unpredictably.
  */
  memset(&p->cost, 0, sizeof(p->cost));
................................................................................
  /* The module name must be defined. Also, by this point there must
  ** be a pointer to an sqlite3_vtab structure. Otherwise
  ** sqlite3ViewGetColumnNames() would have picked up the error. 
  */
  assert( pTab->azModuleArg && pTab->azModuleArg[0] );
  assert( sqlite3GetVTable(pParse->db, pTab) );

  /* Try once or twice.  On the first attempt, allow IN optimizations.
  ** If an IN optimization is accepted by the virtual table xBestIndex
  ** method, but the  pInfo->aConstrainUsage.omit flag is not set, then
  ** the query will not work because it might allow duplicate rows in
  ** output.  In that case, run the xBestIndex method a second time
  ** without the IN constraints.  Usually this loop only runs once.
  ** The loop will exit using a "break" statement.
  */
  for(bAllowIN=1; 1; bAllowIN--){
    assert( bAllowIN==0 || bAllowIN==1 );

    /* Set the aConstraint[].usable fields and initialize all 
    ** output variables to zero.
    **
    ** aConstraint[].usable is true for constraints where the right-hand
    ** side contains only references to tables to the left of the current
    ** table.  In other words, if the constraint is of the form:
    **
    **           column = expr
    **
    ** and we are evaluating a join, then the constraint on column is 
    ** only valid if all tables referenced in expr occur to the left
    ** of the table containing column.
    **
    ** The aConstraints[] array contains entries for all constraints
    ** on the current table.  That way we only have to compute it once
    ** even though we might try to pick the best index multiple times.
    ** For each attempt at picking an index, the order of tables in the
    ** join might be different so we have to recompute the usable flag
    ** each time.
    */
    pIdxCons = *(struct sqlite3_index_constraint**)&pIdxInfo->aConstraint;
    pUsage = pIdxInfo->aConstraintUsage;
    for(i=0; i<pIdxInfo->nConstraint; i++, pIdxCons++){
      j = pIdxCons->iTermOffset;
      pTerm = &pWC->a[j];
      if( (pTerm->prereqRight&p->notReady)==0
       && (bAllowIN || (pTerm->eOperator & WO_IN)==0)
      ){
        pIdxCons->usable = 1;
      }else{
        pIdxCons->usable = 0;
      }
    }
    memset(pUsage, 0, sizeof(pUsage[0])*pIdxInfo->nConstraint);
    if( pIdxInfo->needToFreeIdxStr ){
      sqlite3_free(pIdxInfo->idxStr);
    }
    pIdxInfo->idxStr = 0;
    pIdxInfo->idxNum = 0;
    pIdxInfo->needToFreeIdxStr = 0;
    pIdxInfo->orderByConsumed = 0;
    /* ((double)2) In case of SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT... */
    pIdxInfo->estimatedCost = SQLITE_BIG_DBL / ((double)2);
    nOrderBy = pIdxInfo->nOrderBy;
    if( !p->pOrderBy ){
      pIdxInfo->nOrderBy = 0;
    }
  
    if( vtabBestIndex(pParse, pTab, pIdxInfo) ){
      return;
    }
  
    sortOrder = SQLITE_SO_ASC;
    pIdxCons = *(struct sqlite3_index_constraint**)&pIdxInfo->aConstraint;
    for(i=0; i<pIdxInfo->nConstraint; i++, pIdxCons++){
      if( pUsage[i].argvIndex>0 ){
        j = pIdxCons->iTermOffset;
        pTerm = &pWC->a[j];
        p->cost.used |= pTerm->prereqRight;
        if( (pTerm->eOperator & WO_IN)!=0 ){
          if( pUsage[i].omit==0 ){
            /* Do not attempt to use an IN constraint if the virtual table
            ** says that the equivalent EQ constraint cannot be safely omitted.
            ** If we do attempt to use such a constraint, some rows might be
            ** repeated in the output. */
            break;
          }
          for(k=0; k<pIdxInfo->nOrderBy; k++){
            if( pIdxInfo->aOrderBy[k].iColumn==pIdxCons->iColumn ){
              sortOrder = pIdxInfo->aOrderBy[k].desc;
              break;
            }
          }
        }
      }
    }
    if( i>=pIdxInfo->nConstraint ) break;
  }
  
  /* If there is an ORDER BY clause, and the selected virtual table index
  ** does not satisfy it, increase the cost of the scan accordingly. This
  ** matches the processing for non-virtual tables in bestBtreeIndex().
  */
  rCost = pIdxInfo->estimatedCost;
  if( p->pOrderBy && pIdxInfo->orderByConsumed==0 ){
    rCost += estLog(rCost)*rCost;
................................................................................
  if( (SQLITE_BIG_DBL/((double)2))<rCost ){
    p->cost.rCost = (SQLITE_BIG_DBL/((double)2));
  }else{
    p->cost.rCost = rCost;
  }
  p->cost.plan.u.pVtabIdx = pIdxInfo;
  if( pIdxInfo->orderByConsumed ){
    assert( sortOrder==0 || sortOrder==1 );
    p->cost.plan.wsFlags |= WHERE_ORDERED + sortOrder*WHERE_REVERSE;
    p->cost.plan.nOBSat = nOrderBy;
  }else{
    p->cost.plan.nOBSat = p->i ? p->aLevel[p->i-1].plan.nOBSat : 0;
  }
  p->cost.plan.nEq = 0;
  pIdxInfo->nOrderBy = nOrderBy;

................................................................................
    tRowcnt iUpper = p->aiRowEst[0];
    tRowcnt a[2];
    u8 aff = p->pTable->aCol[p->aiColumn[0]].affinity;

    if( pLower ){
      Expr *pExpr = pLower->pExpr->pRight;
      rc = valueFromExpr(pParse, pExpr, aff, &pRangeVal);
      assert( (pLower->eOperator & (WO_GT|WO_GE))!=0 );
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK
       && whereKeyStats(pParse, p, pRangeVal, 0, a)==SQLITE_OK
      ){
        iLower = a[0];
        if( (pLower->eOperator & WO_GT)!=0 ) iLower += a[1];
      }
      sqlite3ValueFree(pRangeVal);
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pUpper ){
      Expr *pExpr = pUpper->pExpr->pRight;
      rc = valueFromExpr(pParse, pExpr, aff, &pRangeVal);
      assert( (pUpper->eOperator & (WO_LT|WO_LE))!=0 );
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK
       && whereKeyStats(pParse, p, pRangeVal, 1, a)==SQLITE_OK
      ){
        iUpper = a[0];
        if( (pUpper->eOperator & WO_LE)!=0 ) iUpper += a[1];
      }
      sqlite3ValueFree(pRangeVal);
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      if( iUpper<=iLower ){
        *pRangeDiv = (double)p->aiRowEst[0];
      }else{
................................................................................

    /* If X is the column in the index and ORDER BY clause, check to see
    ** if there are any X= or X IS NULL constraints in the WHERE clause. */
    pConstraint = findTerm(p->pWC, base, iColumn, p->notReady,
                           WO_EQ|WO_ISNULL|WO_IN, pIdx);
    if( pConstraint==0 ){
      isEq = 0;
    }else if( (pConstraint->eOperator & WO_IN)!=0 ){
      isEq = 0;



    }else if( (pConstraint->eOperator & WO_ISNULL)!=0 ){
      uniqueNotNull = 0;
      isEq = 1;  /* "X IS NULL" means X has only a single value */
    }else if( pConstraint->prereqRight==0 ){
      isEq = 1;  /* Constraint "X=constant" means X has only a single value */
    }else{
      Expr *pRight = pConstraint->pExpr->pRight;
      if( pRight->op==TK_COLUMN ){
................................................................................
 
    /* If the index being considered is UNIQUE, and there is an equality 
    ** constraint for all columns in the index, then this search will find
    ** at most a single row. In this case set the WHERE_UNIQUE flag to 
    ** indicate this to the caller.
    **
    ** Otherwise, if the search may find more than one row, test to see if
    ** there is a range constraint on indexed column (pc.plan.nEq+1) that
    ** can be optimized using the index. 
    */
    if( pc.plan.nEq==pProbe->nColumn && pProbe->onError!=OE_None ){
      testcase( pc.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_COLUMN_IN );
      testcase( pc.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_COLUMN_NULL );
      if( (pc.plan.wsFlags & (WHERE_COLUMN_IN|WHERE_COLUMN_NULL))==0 ){
        pc.plan.wsFlags |= WHERE_UNIQUE;
        if( p->i==0 || (p->aLevel[p->i-1].plan.wsFlags & WHERE_ALL_UNIQUE)!=0 ){
................................................................................
    ** variable.  */
    if( bSort && (pSrc->jointype & JT_LEFT)==0 ){
      int bRev = 2;
      WHERETRACE(("      --> before isSortingIndex: nPriorSat=%d\n",nPriorSat));
      pc.plan.nOBSat = isSortingIndex(p, pProbe, iCur, &bRev);
      WHERETRACE(("      --> after  isSortingIndex: bRev=%d nOBSat=%d\n",
                  bRev, pc.plan.nOBSat));
      if( nPriorSat<pc.plan.nOBSat || (pc.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_ALL_UNIQUE)!=0 ){
        pc.plan.wsFlags |= WHERE_ORDERED;
      }
      if( nOrderBy==pc.plan.nOBSat ){
        bSort = 0;
        pc.plan.wsFlags |= WHERE_ROWID_RANGE|WHERE_COLUMN_RANGE;
      }
      if( bRev & 1 ) pc.plan.wsFlags |= WHERE_REVERSE;
................................................................................
    ** to get a better estimate on the number of rows based on
    ** VALUE and how common that value is according to the histogram.
    */
    if( pc.plan.nRow>(double)1 && pc.plan.nEq==1
     && pFirstTerm!=0 && aiRowEst[1]>1 ){
      assert( (pFirstTerm->eOperator & (WO_EQ|WO_ISNULL|WO_IN))!=0 );
      if( pFirstTerm->eOperator & (WO_EQ|WO_ISNULL) ){
        testcase( pFirstTerm->eOperator & WO_EQ );
        testcase( pFirstTerm->eOperator & WO_EQUIV );
        testcase( pFirstTerm->eOperator & WO_ISNULL );
        whereEqualScanEst(pParse, pProbe, pFirstTerm->pExpr->pRight,
                          &pc.plan.nRow);
      }else if( bInEst==0 ){
        assert( pFirstTerm->eOperator & WO_IN );
        whereInScanEst(pParse, pProbe, pFirstTerm->pExpr->x.pList,
                       &pc.plan.nRow);
      }
    }
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 */

    /* Adjust the number of output rows and downward to reflect rows
................................................................................
            ** set size by a factor of 3.  Indexed range constraints reduce
            ** the search space by a larger factor: 4.  We make indexed range
            ** more selective intentionally because of the subjective 
            ** observation that indexed range constraints really are more
            ** selective in practice, on average. */
            pc.plan.nRow /= 3;
          }
        }else if( (pTerm->eOperator & WO_NOOP)==0 ){
          /* Any other expression lowers the output row count by half */
          pc.plan.nRow /= 2;
        }
      }
      if( pc.plan.nRow<2 ) pc.plan.nRow = 2;
    }

................................................................................
  assert( p->pOrderBy || (p->cost.plan.wsFlags&WHERE_ORDERED)==0 );
  assert( p->cost.plan.u.pIdx==0 || (p->cost.plan.wsFlags&WHERE_ROWID_EQ)==0 );
  assert( pSrc->pIndex==0 
       || p->cost.plan.u.pIdx==0 
       || p->cost.plan.u.pIdx==pSrc->pIndex 
  );

  WHERETRACE(("   best index is %s cost=%.1f\n",
         p->cost.plan.u.pIdx ? p->cost.plan.u.pIdx->zName : "ipk",
         p->cost.rCost));
  
  bestOrClauseIndex(p);
  bestAutomaticIndex(p);
  p->cost.plan.wsFlags |= eqTermMask;
}

/*
................................................................................
*/
static void bestIndex(WhereBestIdx *p){
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  if( IsVirtual(p->pSrc->pTab) ){
    sqlite3_index_info *pIdxInfo = 0;
    p->ppIdxInfo = &pIdxInfo;
    bestVirtualIndex(p);
    assert( pIdxInfo!=0 || p->pParse->db->mallocFailed );
    if( pIdxInfo && pIdxInfo->needToFreeIdxStr ){
      sqlite3_free(pIdxInfo->idxStr);
    }
    sqlite3DbFree(p->pParse->db, pIdxInfo);
  }else
#endif
  {
    bestBtreeIndex(p);
................................................................................
    iReg = iTarget;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, iReg);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
  }else{
    int eType;
    int iTab;
    struct InLoop *pIn;
    u8 bRev = (pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_REVERSE)!=0;

    assert( pX->op==TK_IN );
    iReg = iTarget;
    eType = sqlite3FindInIndex(pParse, pX, 0);
    iTab = pX->iTable;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, bRev ? OP_Last : OP_Rewind, iTab, 0);
    assert( pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_IN_ABLE );
    if( pLevel->u.in.nIn==0 ){
      pLevel->addrNxt = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
    }
    pLevel->u.in.nIn++;
    pLevel->u.in.aInLoop =
       sqlite3DbReallocOrFree(pParse->db, pLevel->u.in.aInLoop,
................................................................................
      pIn += pLevel->u.in.nIn - 1;
      pIn->iCur = iTab;
      if( eType==IN_INDEX_ROWID ){
        pIn->addrInTop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rowid, iTab, iReg);
      }else{
        pIn->addrInTop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iTab, 0, iReg);
      }
      pIn->eEndLoopOp = bRev ? OP_Prev : OP_Next;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IsNull, iReg);
    }else{
      pLevel->u.in.nIn = 0;
    }
#endif
  }
  disableTerm(pLevel, pTerm);
................................................................................

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  if(  (pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE)!=0 ){
    /* Case 0:  The table is a virtual-table.  Use the VFilter and VNext
    **          to access the data.
    */
    int iReg;   /* P3 Value for OP_VFilter */
    int addrNotFound;
    sqlite3_index_info *pVtabIdx = pLevel->plan.u.pVtabIdx;
    int nConstraint = pVtabIdx->nConstraint;
    struct sqlite3_index_constraint_usage *aUsage =
                                                pVtabIdx->aConstraintUsage;
    const struct sqlite3_index_constraint *aConstraint =
                                                pVtabIdx->aConstraint;

    sqlite3ExprCachePush(pParse);
    iReg = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, nConstraint+2);
    addrNotFound = pLevel->addrBrk;
    for(j=1; j<=nConstraint; j++){
      for(k=0; k<nConstraint; k++){
        if( aUsage[k].argvIndex==j ){
          int iTarget = iReg+j+1;
          pTerm = &pWC->a[aConstraint[k].iTermOffset];
          if( pTerm->eOperator & WO_IN ){
            codeEqualityTerm(pParse, pTerm, pLevel, iTarget);
            addrNotFound = pLevel->addrNxt;
          }else{
            sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pTerm->pExpr->pRight, iTarget);
          }
          break;
        }
      }
      if( k==nConstraint ) break;
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, pVtabIdx->idxNum, iReg);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, j-1, iReg+1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_VFilter, iCur, addrNotFound, iReg, pVtabIdx->idxStr,
                      pVtabIdx->needToFreeIdxStr ? P4_MPRINTF : P4_STATIC);
    pVtabIdx->needToFreeIdxStr = 0;
    for(j=0; j<nConstraint; j++){
      if( aUsage[j].omit ){
        int iTerm = aConstraint[j].iTermOffset;
        disableTerm(pLevel, &pWC->a[iTerm]);
      }
................................................................................
    **          we reference multiple rows using a "rowid IN (...)"
    **          construct.
    */
    iReleaseReg = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
    pTerm = findTerm(pWC, iCur, -1, notReady, WO_EQ|WO_IN, 0);
    assert( pTerm!=0 );
    assert( pTerm->pExpr!=0 );

    assert( omitTable==0 );
    testcase( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL ); /* EV: R-30575-11662 */
    iRowidReg = codeEqualityTerm(pParse, pTerm, pLevel, iReleaseReg);
    addrNxt = pLevel->addrNxt;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_MustBeInt, iRowidReg, addrNxt);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, iCur, addrNxt, iRowidReg);
    sqlite3ExprCacheAffinityChange(pParse, iRowidReg, 1);
    sqlite3ExprCacheStore(pParse, iCur, -1, iRowidReg);
    VdbeComment((v, "pk"));
    pLevel->op = OP_Noop;
  }else if( pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_ROWID_RANGE ){
    /* Case 2:  We have an inequality comparison against the ROWID field.
    */
    int testOp = OP_Noop;
................................................................................
    int iRetInit;                             /* Address of regReturn init */
    int untestedTerms = 0;             /* Some terms not completely tested */
    int ii;                            /* Loop counter */
    Expr *pAndExpr = 0;                /* An ".. AND (...)" expression */
   
    pTerm = pLevel->plan.u.pTerm;
    assert( pTerm!=0 );
    assert( pTerm->eOperator & WO_OR );
    assert( (pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_ORINFO)!=0 );
    pOrWc = &pTerm->u.pOrInfo->wc;
    pLevel->op = OP_Return;
    pLevel->p1 = regReturn;

    /* Set up a new SrcList in pOrTab containing the table being scanned
    ** by this loop in the a[0] slot and all notReady tables in a[1..] slots.
................................................................................
      if( pAndExpr ){
        pAndExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_AND, 0, pAndExpr, 0);
      }
    }

    for(ii=0; ii<pOrWc->nTerm; ii++){
      WhereTerm *pOrTerm = &pOrWc->a[ii];
      if( pOrTerm->leftCursor==iCur || (pOrTerm->eOperator & WO_AND)!=0 ){
        WhereInfo *pSubWInfo;          /* Info for single OR-term scan */
        Expr *pOrExpr = pOrTerm->pExpr;
        if( pAndExpr ){
          pAndExpr->pLeft = pOrExpr;
          pOrExpr = pAndExpr;
        }
        /* Loop through table entries that match term pOrTerm. */
................................................................................
  ** the bitmask for all FROM clause terms to the left of the N-th term
  ** is (X-1).   An expression from the ON clause of a LEFT JOIN can use
  ** its Expr.iRightJoinTable value to find the bitmask of the right table
  ** of the join.  Subtracting one from the right table bitmask gives a
  ** bitmask for all tables to the left of the join.  Knowing the bitmask
  ** for all tables to the left of a left join is important.  Ticket #3015.
  **





  ** Note that bitmasks are created for all pTabList->nSrc tables in
  ** pTabList, not just the first nTabList tables.  nTabList is normally
  ** equal to pTabList->nSrc but might be shortened to 1 if the
  ** WHERE_ONETABLE_ONLY flag is set.
  */

  for(ii=0; ii<pTabList->nSrc; ii++){
    createMask(pMaskSet, pTabList->a[ii].iCursor);





  }
#ifndef NDEBUG
  {
    Bitmask toTheLeft = 0;
    for(ii=0; ii<pTabList->nSrc; ii++){
      Bitmask m = getMask(pMaskSet, pTabList->a[ii].iCursor);
      assert( (m-1)==toTheLeft );
................................................................................
  for(sWBI.i=iFrom=0, pLevel=pWInfo->a; sWBI.i<nTabList; sWBI.i++, pLevel++){
    WhereCost bestPlan;         /* Most efficient plan seen so far */
    Index *pIdx;                /* Index for FROM table at pTabItem */
    int j;                      /* For looping over FROM tables */
    int bestJ = -1;             /* The value of j */
    Bitmask m;                  /* Bitmask value for j or bestJ */
    int isOptimal;              /* Iterator for optimal/non-optimal search */
    int ckOptimal;              /* Do the optimal scan check */
    int nUnconstrained;         /* Number tables without INDEXED BY */
    Bitmask notIndexed;         /* Mask of tables that cannot use an index */

    memset(&bestPlan, 0, sizeof(bestPlan));
    bestPlan.rCost = SQLITE_BIG_DBL;
    WHERETRACE(("*** Begin search for loop %d ***\n", sWBI.i));

................................................................................
    ** that do not use indices.  But this nRow reduction only happens if the
    ** table really is the innermost join.  
    **
    ** The second loop iteration is only performed if no optimal scan
    ** strategies were found by the first iteration. This second iteration
    ** is used to search for the lowest cost scan overall.
    **
    ** Without the optimal scan step (the first iteration) a suboptimal
    ** plan might be chosen for queries like this:


    **   
    **   CREATE TABLE t1(a, b); 
    **   CREATE TABLE t2(c, d);
    **   SELECT * FROM t2, t1 WHERE t2.rowid = t1.a;
    **
    ** The best strategy is to iterate through table t1 first. However it
    ** is not possible to determine this with a simple greedy algorithm.
................................................................................
    ** Since the cost of a linear scan through table t2 is the same 
    ** as the cost of a linear scan through table t1, a simple greedy 
    ** algorithm may choose to use t2 for the outer loop, which is a much
    ** costlier approach.
    */
    nUnconstrained = 0;
    notIndexed = 0;

    /* The optimal scan check only occurs if there are two or more tables
    ** available to be reordered */
    if( iFrom==nTabList-1 ){
      ckOptimal = 0;  /* Common case of just one table in the FROM clause */
    }else{
      ckOptimal = -1;
      for(j=iFrom, sWBI.pSrc=&pTabList->a[j]; j<nTabList; j++, sWBI.pSrc++){
        m = getMask(pMaskSet, sWBI.pSrc->iCursor);
        if( (m & sWBI.notValid)==0 ){
          if( j==iFrom ) iFrom++;
          continue;
        }
        if( j>iFrom && (sWBI.pSrc->jointype & (JT_LEFT|JT_CROSS))!=0 ) break;
        if( ++ckOptimal ) break;
        if( (sWBI.pSrc->jointype & JT_LEFT)!=0 ) break;
      }
    }
    assert( ckOptimal==0 || ckOptimal==1 );

    for(isOptimal=ckOptimal; isOptimal>=0 && bestJ<0; isOptimal--){
      for(j=iFrom, sWBI.pSrc=&pTabList->a[j]; j<nTabList; j++, sWBI.pSrc++){
        if( j>iFrom && (sWBI.pSrc->jointype & (JT_LEFT|JT_CROSS))!=0 ){
          /* This break and one like it in the ckOptimal computation loop
          ** above prevent table reordering across LEFT and CROSS JOINs.
          ** The LEFT JOIN case is necessary for correctness.  The prohibition
          ** against reordering across a CROSS JOIN is an SQLite feature that
          ** allows the developer to control table reordering */
          break;
        }
        m = getMask(pMaskSet, sWBI.pSrc->iCursor);
        if( (m & sWBI.notValid)==0 ){
          assert( j>iFrom );
          continue;
        }
        sWBI.notReady = (isOptimal ? m : sWBI.notValid);
        if( sWBI.pSrc->pIndex==0 ) nUnconstrained++;
  
        WHERETRACE(("   === trying table %d (%s) with isOptimal=%d ===\n",
                    j, sWBI.pSrc->pTab->zName, isOptimal));
        assert( sWBI.pSrc->pTab );
................................................................................
                  || sWBI.cost.plan.u.pIdx==sWBI.pSrc->pIndex );

        if( isOptimal && (sWBI.cost.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_NOT_FULLSCAN)==0 ){
          notIndexed |= m;
        }
        if( isOptimal ){
          pWInfo->a[j].rOptCost = sWBI.cost.rCost;
        }else if( ckOptimal ){
          /* If two or more tables have nearly the same outer loop cost, but
          ** very different inner loop (optimal) cost, we want to choose
          ** for the outer loop that table which benefits the least from
          ** being in the inner loop.  The following code scales the 
          ** outer loop cost estimate to accomplish that. */
          WHERETRACE(("   scaling cost from %.1f to %.1f\n",
                      sWBI.cost.rCost,
                      sWBI.cost.rCost/pWInfo->a[j].rOptCost));
................................................................................
                      "       cost=%.1f, nRow=%.1f, nOBSat=%d, wsFlags=%08x\n",
                      j, sWBI.pSrc->pTab->zName,
                      sWBI.cost.rCost, sWBI.cost.plan.nRow,
                      sWBI.cost.plan.nOBSat, sWBI.cost.plan.wsFlags));
          bestPlan = sWBI.cost;
          bestJ = j;
        }


        /* In a join like "w JOIN x LEFT JOIN y JOIN z"  make sure that
        ** table y (and not table z) is always the next inner loop inside
        ** of table x. */
        if( (sWBI.pSrc->jointype & JT_LEFT)!=0 ) break;
      }
    }
    assert( bestJ>=0 );
    assert( sWBI.notValid & getMask(pMaskSet, pTabList->a[bestJ].iCursor) );
    assert( bestJ==iFrom || (pTabList->a[iFrom].jointype & JT_LEFT)==0 );
    testcase( bestJ>iFrom && (pTabList->a[iFrom].jointype & JT_CROSS)!=0 );
    testcase( bestJ>iFrom && bestJ<nTabList-1
                          && (pTabList->a[bestJ+1].jointype & JT_LEFT)!=0 );
    WHERETRACE(("*** Optimizer selects table %d (%s) for loop %d with:\n"
                "    cost=%.1f, nRow=%.1f, nOBSat=%d, wsFlags=0x%08x\n",
                bestJ, pTabList->a[bestJ].pTab->zName,
                pLevel-pWInfo->a, bestPlan.rCost, bestPlan.plan.nRow,
                bestPlan.plan.nOBSat, bestPlan.plan.wsFlags));
    if( (bestPlan.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_DISTINCT)!=0 ){
      assert( pWInfo->eDistinct==0 );
................................................................................
    }
    if( pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_IN_ABLE && pLevel->u.in.nIn>0 ){
      struct InLoop *pIn;
      int j;
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, pLevel->addrNxt);
      for(j=pLevel->u.in.nIn, pIn=&pLevel->u.in.aInLoop[j-1]; j>0; j--, pIn--){
        sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, pIn->addrInTop+1);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, pIn->eEndLoopOp, pIn->iCur, pIn->addrInTop);
        sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, pIn->addrInTop-1);
      }
      sqlite3DbFree(db, pLevel->u.in.aInLoop);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, pLevel->addrBrk);
    if( pLevel->iLeftJoin ){
      int addr;
................................................................................
  sqlite3ParserTOKENTYPE yy0;
  struct LimitVal yy64;
  Expr* yy122;
  Select* yy159;
  IdList* yy180;
  struct {int value; int mask;} yy207;
  u8 yy258;
  u16 yy305;
  struct LikeOp yy318;
  TriggerStep* yy327;
  ExprSpan yy342;
  SrcList* yy347;
  int yy392;
  struct TrigEvent yy410;
  ExprList* yy442;
................................................................................
      case 31: /* temp ::= */ yytestcase(yyruleno==31);
      case 69: /* autoinc ::= */ yytestcase(yyruleno==69);
      case 82: /* defer_subclause ::= NOT DEFERRABLE init_deferred_pred_opt */ yytestcase(yyruleno==82);
      case 84: /* init_deferred_pred_opt ::= */ yytestcase(yyruleno==84);
      case 86: /* init_deferred_pred_opt ::= INITIALLY IMMEDIATE */ yytestcase(yyruleno==86);
      case 98: /* defer_subclause_opt ::= */ yytestcase(yyruleno==98);
      case 109: /* ifexists ::= */ yytestcase(yyruleno==109);


      case 221: /* between_op ::= BETWEEN */ yytestcase(yyruleno==221);
      case 224: /* in_op ::= IN */ yytestcase(yyruleno==224);
{yygotominor.yy392 = 0;}
        break;
      case 29: /* ifnotexists ::= IF NOT EXISTS */
      case 30: /* temp ::= TEMP */ yytestcase(yyruleno==30);
      case 70: /* autoinc ::= AUTOINCR */ yytestcase(yyruleno==70);
      case 85: /* init_deferred_pred_opt ::= INITIALLY DEFERRED */ yytestcase(yyruleno==85);
      case 108: /* ifexists ::= IF EXISTS */ yytestcase(yyruleno==108);

      case 222: /* between_op ::= NOT BETWEEN */ yytestcase(yyruleno==222);
      case 225: /* in_op ::= NOT IN */ yytestcase(yyruleno==225);
{yygotominor.yy392 = 1;}
        break;
      case 32: /* create_table_args ::= LP columnlist conslist_opt RP */
{
  sqlite3EndTable(pParse,&yymsp[-1].minor.yy0,&yymsp[0].minor.yy0,0);
................................................................................
}
        break;
      case 116: /* multiselect_op ::= UNION ALL */
{yygotominor.yy392 = TK_ALL;}
        break;
      case 118: /* oneselect ::= SELECT distinct selcollist from where_opt groupby_opt having_opt orderby_opt limit_opt */
{
  yygotominor.yy159 = sqlite3SelectNew(pParse,yymsp[-6].minor.yy442,yymsp[-5].minor.yy347,yymsp[-4].minor.yy122,yymsp[-3].minor.yy442,yymsp[-2].minor.yy122,yymsp[-1].minor.yy442,yymsp[-7].minor.yy305,yymsp[0].minor.yy64.pLimit,yymsp[0].minor.yy64.pOffset);
}
        break;
      case 119: /* distinct ::= DISTINCT */
{yygotominor.yy305 = SF_Distinct;}
        break;
      case 120: /* distinct ::= ALL */
      case 121: /* distinct ::= */ yytestcase(yyruleno==121);
{yygotominor.yy305 = 0;}
        break;
      case 122: /* sclp ::= selcollist COMMA */
      case 246: /* idxlist_opt ::= LP idxlist RP */ yytestcase(yyruleno==246);
{yygotominor.yy442 = yymsp[-1].minor.yy442;}
        break;
      case 123: /* sclp ::= */
      case 151: /* orderby_opt ::= */ yytestcase(yyruleno==151);
................................................................................
    yygotominor.yy347 = sqlite3SrcListAppendFromTerm(pParse,yymsp[-6].minor.yy347,0,0,&yymsp[-2].minor.yy0,yymsp[-4].minor.yy159,yymsp[-1].minor.yy122,yymsp[0].minor.yy180);
  }
        break;
      case 136: /* seltablist ::= stl_prefix LP seltablist RP as on_opt using_opt */
{
    if( yymsp[-6].minor.yy347==0 && yymsp[-2].minor.yy0.n==0 && yymsp[-1].minor.yy122==0 && yymsp[0].minor.yy180==0 ){
      yygotominor.yy347 = yymsp[-4].minor.yy347;
    }else if( yymsp[-4].minor.yy347->nSrc==1 ){
      yygotominor.yy347 = sqlite3SrcListAppendFromTerm(pParse,yymsp[-6].minor.yy347,0,0,&yymsp[-2].minor.yy0,0,yymsp[-1].minor.yy122,yymsp[0].minor.yy180);
      if( yygotominor.yy347 ){
        struct SrcList_item *pNew = &yygotominor.yy347->a[yygotominor.yy347->nSrc-1];
        struct SrcList_item *pOld = yymsp[-4].minor.yy347->a;
        pNew->zName = pOld->zName;
        pNew->zDatabase = pOld->zDatabase;
        pOld->zName = pOld->zDatabase = 0;
      }
      sqlite3SrcListDelete(pParse->db, yymsp[-4].minor.yy347);
    }else{
      Select *pSubquery;
      sqlite3SrcListShiftJoinType(yymsp[-4].minor.yy347);
      pSubquery = sqlite3SelectNew(pParse,0,yymsp[-4].minor.yy347,0,0,0,0,SF_NestedFrom,0,0);
      yygotominor.yy347 = sqlite3SrcListAppendFromTerm(pParse,yymsp[-6].minor.yy347,0,0,&yymsp[-2].minor.yy0,pSubquery,yymsp[-1].minor.yy122,yymsp[0].minor.yy180);
    }
  }
        break;
      case 137: /* dbnm ::= */
      case 146: /* indexed_opt ::= */ yytestcase(yyruleno==146);
{yygotominor.yy0.z=0; yygotominor.yy0.n=0;}
................................................................................
      case 196: /* expr ::= ID LP distinct exprlist RP */
{
  if( yymsp[-1].minor.yy442 && yymsp[-1].minor.yy442->nExpr>pParse->db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_FUNCTION_ARG] ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "too many arguments on function %T", &yymsp[-4].minor.yy0);
  }
  yygotominor.yy342.pExpr = sqlite3ExprFunction(pParse, yymsp[-1].minor.yy442, &yymsp[-4].minor.yy0);
  spanSet(&yygotominor.yy342,&yymsp[-4].minor.yy0,&yymsp[0].minor.yy0);
  if( yymsp[-2].minor.yy305 && yygotominor.yy342.pExpr ){
    yygotominor.yy342.pExpr->flags |= EP_Distinct;
  }
}
        break;
      case 197: /* expr ::= ID LP STAR RP */
{
  yygotominor.yy342.pExpr = sqlite3ExprFunction(pParse, 0, &yymsp[-3].minor.yy0);
................................................................................
      sqlite3BtreeRollback(p, tripCode);
      db->aDb[i].inTrans = 0;
    }
  }
  sqlite3VtabRollback(db);
  sqlite3EndBenignMalloc();

  if( (db->flags&SQLITE_InternChanges)!=0 && db->init.busy==0 ){
    sqlite3ExpirePreparedStatements(db);
    sqlite3ResetAllSchemasOfConnection(db);
  }

  /* Any deferred constraint violations have now been resolved. */
  db->nDeferredCons = 0;

................................................................................
** This ensures that each node is stored on a single database page. If the 
** database page-size is so large that more than RTREE_MAXCELLS entries 
** would fit in a single node, use a smaller node-size.
*/
static int getNodeSize(
  sqlite3 *db,                    /* Database handle */
  Rtree *pRtree,                  /* Rtree handle */
  int isCreate,                   /* True for xCreate, false for xConnect */
  char **pzErr                    /* OUT: Error message, if any */
){
  int rc;
  char *zSql;
  if( isCreate ){
    int iPageSize = 0;
    zSql = sqlite3_mprintf("PRAGMA %Q.page_size", pRtree->zDb);
    rc = getIntFromStmt(db, zSql, &iPageSize);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      pRtree->iNodeSize = iPageSize-64;
      if( (4+pRtree->nBytesPerCell*RTREE_MAXCELLS)<pRtree->iNodeSize ){
        pRtree->iNodeSize = 4+pRtree->nBytesPerCell*RTREE_MAXCELLS;
      }
    }else{
      *pzErr = sqlite3_mprintf("%s", sqlite3_errmsg(db));
    }
  }else{
    zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(
        "SELECT length(data) FROM '%q'.'%q_node' WHERE nodeno = 1",
        pRtree->zDb, pRtree->zName
    );
    rc = getIntFromStmt(db, zSql, &pRtree->iNodeSize);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      *pzErr = sqlite3_mprintf("%s", sqlite3_errmsg(db));
    }
  }

  sqlite3_free(zSql);
  return rc;
}

/* 
................................................................................
  pRtree->nDim = (argc-4)/2;
  pRtree->nBytesPerCell = 8 + pRtree->nDim*4*2;
  pRtree->eCoordType = eCoordType;
  memcpy(pRtree->zDb, argv[1], nDb);
  memcpy(pRtree->zName, argv[2], nName);

  /* Figure out the node size to use. */
  rc = getNodeSize(db, pRtree, isCreate, pzErr);

  /* Create/Connect to the underlying relational database schema. If
  ** that is successful, call sqlite3_declare_vtab() to configure
  ** the r-tree table schema.
  */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( (rc = rtreeSqlInit(pRtree, db, argv[1], argv[2], isCreate)) ){

Changes to src/sqlite3.h.

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** string contains the date and time of the check-in (UTC) and an SHA1
** hash of the entire source tree.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.7.15"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3007015
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2012-12-10 22:19:14 bd7aeeb691fee69dd6a562138a7aba8e8e192272"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version, sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_BUSY_RECOVERY           (SQLITE_BUSY   |  (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_NOTEMPDIR      (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_ISDIR          (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_FULLPATH       (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (3<<8))
#define SQLITE_CORRUPT_VTAB            (SQLITE_CORRUPT | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_READONLY_RECOVERY       (SQLITE_READONLY | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_READONLY_CANTLOCK       (SQLITE_READONLY | (2<<8))

#define SQLITE_ABORT_ROLLBACK          (SQLITE_ABORT | (2<<8))










/*
** CAPI3REF: Flags For File Open Operations
**
** These bit values are intended for use in the
** 3rd parameter to the [sqlite3_open_v2()] interface and
** in the 4th parameter to the [sqlite3_vfs.xOpen] method.
................................................................................
** connection is opened. If it is globally disabled, filenames are
** only interpreted as URIs if the SQLITE_OPEN_URI flag is set when the
** database connection is opened. By default, URI handling is globally
** disabled. The default value may be changed by compiling with the
** [SQLITE_USE_URI] symbol defined.
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_COVERING_INDEX_SCAN]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_COVERING_INDEX_SCAN
** <dd> This option taks a single integer argument which is interpreted as
** a boolean in order to enable or disable the use of covering indices for
** full table scans in the query optimizer.  The default setting is determined
** by the [SQLITE_ALLOW_COVERING_INDEX_SCAN] compile-time option, or is "on"
** if that compile-time option is omitted.
** The ability to disable the use of covering indices for full table scans
** is because some incorrectly coded legacy applications might malfunction
** malfunction when the optimization is enabled.  Providing the ability to







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** string contains the date and time of the check-in (UTC) and an SHA1
** hash of the entire source tree.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.7.16"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3007016
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2013-03-11 13:37:52 f9027cb47bdec8dcebf1f038921b28d9e9928c18"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version, sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_BUSY_RECOVERY           (SQLITE_BUSY   |  (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_NOTEMPDIR      (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_ISDIR          (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_FULLPATH       (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (3<<8))
#define SQLITE_CORRUPT_VTAB            (SQLITE_CORRUPT | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_READONLY_RECOVERY       (SQLITE_READONLY | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_READONLY_CANTLOCK       (SQLITE_READONLY | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_READONLY_ROLLBACK       (SQLITE_READONLY | (3<<8))
#define SQLITE_ABORT_ROLLBACK          (SQLITE_ABORT | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_CHECK        (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_COMMITHOOK   (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_FOREIGNKEY   (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (3<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_FUNCTION     (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (4<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_NOTNULL      (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (5<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_PRIMARYKEY   (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (6<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_TRIGGER      (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (7<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_UNIQUE       (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (8<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_VTAB         (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (9<<8))

/*
** CAPI3REF: Flags For File Open Operations
**
** These bit values are intended for use in the
** 3rd parameter to the [sqlite3_open_v2()] interface and
** in the 4th parameter to the [sqlite3_vfs.xOpen] method.
................................................................................
** connection is opened. If it is globally disabled, filenames are
** only interpreted as URIs if the SQLITE_OPEN_URI flag is set when the
** database connection is opened. By default, URI handling is globally
** disabled. The default value may be changed by compiling with the
** [SQLITE_USE_URI] symbol defined.
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_COVERING_INDEX_SCAN]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_COVERING_INDEX_SCAN
** <dd> This option takes a single integer argument which is interpreted as
** a boolean in order to enable or disable the use of covering indices for
** full table scans in the query optimizer.  The default setting is determined
** by the [SQLITE_ALLOW_COVERING_INDEX_SCAN] compile-time option, or is "on"
** if that compile-time option is omitted.
** The ability to disable the use of covering indices for full table scans
** is because some incorrectly coded legacy applications might malfunction
** malfunction when the optimization is enabled.  Providing the ability to