Documentation Source Text

Check-in [0e6ed0fa48]
Login

Many hyperlinks are disabled.
Use anonymous login to enable hyperlinks.

Overview
Comment:Update documentation for the sqldiff tool to include the --vtab option.
Timelines: family | ancestors | descendants | both | trunk
Files: files | file ages | folders
SHA1: 0e6ed0fa488ac2b98a2e5ee511456c5753859d59
User & Date: dan 2016-08-25 19:50:05
Context
2016-08-27
23:54
Use &lt; instead of < in the r-tree documentation. check-in: a55027b452 user: drh tags: trunk
2016-08-25
20:47
Merge trunk changes into this branch. check-in: a3888fbe0e user: dan tags: experimental
19:50
Update documentation for the sqldiff tool to include the --vtab option. check-in: 0e6ed0fa48 user: dan tags: trunk
2016-08-17
12:01
In althttpd.c, increase the default maximum content size to 250MB. check-in: f65bebb25e user: drh tags: trunk
Changes
Hide Diffs Unified Diffs Ignore Whitespace Patch

Changes to pages/sqldiff.in.

1
2
3


4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
..
37
38
39
40
41
42
43




44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
..
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83

















84
<title>sqldiff.exe: Database Difference Utility</title>
<tcl>hd_keywords sqldiff sqldiff.exe</tcl>
<h2>The sqldiff.exe Utility Program</h2>



<p>
The <tt>sqldiff.exe</tt> binary is a command-line utility program that
displays the differences between SQLite databases.  Example
usage:

<blockquote><pre>
sqldiff &#91;options&#93; database1.sqlite database2.sqlite
</pre></blockquote>

<p>
The usual output is SQL statements that will transform
database1.sqlite (the "source" database) into database2.sqlite
(the "destination" database).  This behavior can be
altered using command-line switches:

<dl>
<dt><b>--changeset FILE</b></dt>
<dd><p>Do not write changes to standard output.  Instead, write a (binary)
................................................................................
<dd><p>Show how many rows have changed on each table, but do not show
       the actual chagnes</dd>
<dt><b>--table TABLE</b></dt>
<dd><p>Show only the differences in content for TABLE, not for the
       entire database</p></dd>
<dt><b>--transaction</b></dt>
<dd><p>Wrap SQL output in a single large transaction</p></dd>




</dl>

<h3>How It Works</h3>

<p>The sqldiff.exe utility works by finding rows in the source and
destination that are logical "pairs".  The default behavior is to
treat two rows as pairs if they are in tables with the same name
and they have the same [rowid], or in the case of a [WITHOUT ROWID]
table if they have the same [PRIMARY KEY].  Any differences in the
content of paired rows are output as UPDATEs.  Rows in the source
................................................................................
<p>The --primarykey flag changes the pairing algorithm slightly so
that the schema-declared [PRIMARY KEY] is always used for pairing,
even on tables that have a [rowid].  This is often a better choice
for finding differences, however it can lead to missed differences in
the case of rows that have one or more PRIMARY KEY columns set to
NULL.</p>

<h3>Limitations</h3>

<ol>
<li>
<p>The sqldiff.exe utility is unable to compute differences for
rowid tables for which the rowid is inaccessible.  An example of
a table with an inaccessible rowid is:

<blockquote><pre>
CREATE TABLE inaccessible_rowid(
   "rowid" TEXT,
   "oid" TEXT,
   "_rowid_" TEXT
);
</pre></blockquote>

<li><p>
The sqldiff.exe utility does not (currently) display differences in
[CREATE TRIGGER|TRIGGERs], [CREATE VIEW|VIEWs], or [virtual tables].

















</ol>


|
>
>






|

|


|







 







>
>
>
>


|







 







|







|





|



|
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
..
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
..
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
<title>sqldiff.exe: Database Difference Utility</title>
<tcl>hd_keywords sqldiff sqldiff.exe</tcl>

<table_of_contents>
<h1>Usage</h1>

<p>
The <tt>sqldiff.exe</tt> binary is a command-line utility program that
displays the differences between SQLite databases.  Example
usage:

<codeblock>
sqldiff &#91;options&#93; database1.sqlite database2.sqlite
</codeblock>

<p>
The usual output is an SQL script that will transform
database1.sqlite (the "source" database) into database2.sqlite
(the "destination" database).  This behavior can be
altered using command-line switches:

<dl>
<dt><b>--changeset FILE</b></dt>
<dd><p>Do not write changes to standard output.  Instead, write a (binary)
................................................................................
<dd><p>Show how many rows have changed on each table, but do not show
       the actual chagnes</dd>
<dt><b>--table TABLE</b></dt>
<dd><p>Show only the differences in content for TABLE, not for the
       entire database</p></dd>
<dt><b>--transaction</b></dt>
<dd><p>Wrap SQL output in a single large transaction</p></dd>
<dt><b>--vtab</b></dt>
<dd><p>Add support for handling [FTS3], [FTS5] and [rtree] virtual tables. 
       <a href=#vtab>See below</a> for details. 
</p></dd>
</dl>

<h1>How It Works</h1>

<p>The sqldiff.exe utility works by finding rows in the source and
destination that are logical "pairs".  The default behavior is to
treat two rows as pairs if they are in tables with the same name
and they have the same [rowid], or in the case of a [WITHOUT ROWID]
table if they have the same [PRIMARY KEY].  Any differences in the
content of paired rows are output as UPDATEs.  Rows in the source
................................................................................
<p>The --primarykey flag changes the pairing algorithm slightly so
that the schema-declared [PRIMARY KEY] is always used for pairing,
even on tables that have a [rowid].  This is often a better choice
for finding differences, however it can lead to missed differences in
the case of rows that have one or more PRIMARY KEY columns set to
NULL.</p>

<h1>Limitations</h1>

<ol>
<li>
<p>The sqldiff.exe utility is unable to compute differences for
rowid tables for which the rowid is inaccessible.  An example of
a table with an inaccessible rowid is:

<codeblock>
CREATE TABLE inaccessible_rowid(
   "rowid" TEXT,
   "oid" TEXT,
   "_rowid_" TEXT
);
</codeblock>

<li><p>
The sqldiff.exe utility does not (currently) display differences in
[CREATE TRIGGER|TRIGGERs] or [CREATE VIEW|VIEWs].

<li><p id=vtab>
By default, differences in the schema or content of virtual tables are
not reported on. 

<p>However, if a [virtual table] implementation creates real tables (sometimes
refered to as "shadow" tables) within the database to store its data in, then
sqldiff.exe does calculate the difference between these. This can have
surprising effects if the resulting SQL script is then run on a database that
is not <i>exactly</i> the same as the source database. For several of SQLite's
bundled virtual tables (FTS3, FTS5, rtree and others), the surprising effects
may include corruption of the virtual table content.

<p> If the --vtab option is passed to sqldiff.exe, then it ignores all 
underlying shadow tables belonging to an FTS3, FTS5 or rtree virtual table
and instead includes the virtual table differences directly.

</ol>