Documentation Source Text

Artifact Content
Login

Artifact 47f74f6a15b6795b34ad8b5b876e7b02c87b174cde3bd6325b678758da146a9d:


<title>LoC Recommended Storage Format</title>
<tcl>hd_keywords {recommended storage format} \
   {recommended by the US Library of Congress}</tcl>

<fancy_format>

<h1>Overview</h1>

<table align="right" border="0">
<tr><td>
<a href="https://www.loc.gov">
<img src="images/loc.jpg" width="200" height="182"></a>
</table>

<p>
SQLite is a
[https://www.loc.gov/preservation/resources/rfs/|Recommended Storage Format]
for datasets according to the
[https://www.loc.gov/|US Library of Congress].
Further information:

<p>
<ul>
<li>
[https://www.loc.gov/preservation/digital/formats/fdd/fdd000461.shtml#local]
<li>
[https://www.loc.gov/preservation/resources/rfs/data.html]
</ul>

<p>
As of this writing (2018-05-29) the only other recommended storage formats
for datasets are JSON and CSV.

<h2>What Is A Recommended Storage Format?</h2>

<p>
Recommended storage formats are formats which, in the opinion of the
preservationists at the Library of Congress, maximizes the chance of
survival and continued accessibility of digital content.
When selecting recommended storage formats, the following criteria are
considered (quoting from the LOC website):

<ol>
<li><p><b>Disclosure.</b>
Degree to which complete specifications and tools for validating 
technical integrity exist and are accessible to those creating and
sustaining digital content.
A spectrum of disclosure levels can be observed for digital formats.
What is most significant is not approval by a recognized standards body,
but the existence of complete documentation.
<li><P><b>Adoption.</b>
Degree to which the format is already used by the primary creators,
disseminators, or users of information resources. 
This includes use as a master format, for delivery to end users, 
and as a means of interchange between systems.
<li><p><b>Transparency.</b>
Degree to which the digital representation is open to direct analysis 
with basic tools, such as human readability using a text-only editor.
<li><p><b>Self-documentation.</b>
Self-documenting digital objects contain basic descriptive, 
technical, and other administrative metadata.
<li><p><b>External Dependencies.</b>
Degree to which a particular format depends on particular hardware,
operating system, or software for rendering or use and the predicted
complexity of dealing with those dependencies in future technical 
environments.
<li><p><b>Impact of Patents.</b>
Degree to which the ability of archival institutions to sustain content 
in a format will be inhibited by patents.
<li><p><b>Technical Protection Mechanisms.</b>
Implementation of mechanisms such as encryption that prevent the 
preservation of content by a trusted repository. 
</ol>