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Overview
Comment:Merge recent enhancements from trunk.
Downloads: Tarball | ZIP archive | SQL archive
Timelines: family | ancestors | descendants | both | apple-osx
Files: files | file ages | folders
SHA3-256: e17bca2cdb5f31a802e1a1870deb6bf17e332117ab272537f26351f1145de690
User & Date: drh 2018-05-04 19:33:34
Context
2018-05-04
20:00
Bring the code that changes the owner of WAL and rollback files when running as root into alignment with trunk. check-in: 180516bf user: drh tags: apple-osx
19:33
Merge recent enhancements from trunk. check-in: e17bca2c user: drh tags: apple-osx
18:32
Fix requirements marks. No code changes. check-in: 7fdad122 user: drh tags: trunk
2018-04-10
18:05
Merge all version 3.23.1 changes and enhancements from trunk. check-in: e20fcb51 user: drh tags: apple-osx
Changes
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Changes to Makefile.in.

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         memdb.lo memjournal.lo \
         mutex.lo mutex_noop.lo mutex_unix.lo mutex_w32.lo \
         notify.lo opcodes.lo os.lo os_unix.lo os_win.lo \
         pager.lo parse.lo pcache.lo pcache1.lo pragma.lo prepare.lo printf.lo \
         random.lo resolve.lo rowset.lo rtree.lo \
         sqlite3session.lo select.lo sqlite3rbu.lo status.lo stmt.lo \
         table.lo threads.lo tokenize.lo treeview.lo trigger.lo \
         update.lo util.lo vacuum.lo \
         vdbe.lo vdbeapi.lo vdbeaux.lo vdbeblob.lo vdbemem.lo vdbesort.lo \
         vdbetrace.lo wal.lo walker.lo where.lo wherecode.lo whereexpr.lo \
         utf.lo vtab.lo

# Object files for the amalgamation.
#
LIBOBJS1 = sqlite3.lo
................................................................................
  $(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c \
  $(TOP)/src/threads.c \
  $(TOP)/src/tokenize.c \
  $(TOP)/src/treeview.c \
  $(TOP)/src/trigger.c \
  $(TOP)/src/utf.c \
  $(TOP)/src/update.c \

  $(TOP)/src/util.c \
  $(TOP)/src/vacuum.c \
  $(TOP)/src/vdbe.c \
  $(TOP)/src/vdbe.h \
  $(TOP)/src/vdbeapi.c \
  $(TOP)/src/vdbeaux.c \
  $(TOP)/src/vdbeblob.c \
................................................................................

trigger.lo:	$(TOP)/src/trigger.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(TEMP_STORE) -c $(TOP)/src/trigger.c

update.lo:	$(TOP)/src/update.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(TEMP_STORE) -c $(TOP)/src/update.c




utf.lo:	$(TOP)/src/utf.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(TEMP_STORE) -c $(TOP)/src/utf.c

util.lo:	$(TOP)/src/util.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(TEMP_STORE) -c $(TOP)/src/util.c

vacuum.lo:	$(TOP)/src/vacuum.c $(HDR)







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         memdb.lo memjournal.lo \
         mutex.lo mutex_noop.lo mutex_unix.lo mutex_w32.lo \
         notify.lo opcodes.lo os.lo os_unix.lo os_win.lo \
         pager.lo parse.lo pcache.lo pcache1.lo pragma.lo prepare.lo printf.lo \
         random.lo resolve.lo rowset.lo rtree.lo \
         sqlite3session.lo select.lo sqlite3rbu.lo status.lo stmt.lo \
         table.lo threads.lo tokenize.lo treeview.lo trigger.lo \
         update.lo upsert.lo util.lo vacuum.lo \
         vdbe.lo vdbeapi.lo vdbeaux.lo vdbeblob.lo vdbemem.lo vdbesort.lo \
         vdbetrace.lo wal.lo walker.lo where.lo wherecode.lo whereexpr.lo \
         utf.lo vtab.lo

# Object files for the amalgamation.
#
LIBOBJS1 = sqlite3.lo
................................................................................
  $(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c \
  $(TOP)/src/threads.c \
  $(TOP)/src/tokenize.c \
  $(TOP)/src/treeview.c \
  $(TOP)/src/trigger.c \
  $(TOP)/src/utf.c \
  $(TOP)/src/update.c \
  $(TOP)/src/upsert.c \
  $(TOP)/src/util.c \
  $(TOP)/src/vacuum.c \
  $(TOP)/src/vdbe.c \
  $(TOP)/src/vdbe.h \
  $(TOP)/src/vdbeapi.c \
  $(TOP)/src/vdbeaux.c \
  $(TOP)/src/vdbeblob.c \
................................................................................

trigger.lo:	$(TOP)/src/trigger.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(TEMP_STORE) -c $(TOP)/src/trigger.c

update.lo:	$(TOP)/src/update.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(TEMP_STORE) -c $(TOP)/src/update.c

upsert.lo:	$(TOP)/src/upsert.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(TEMP_STORE) -c $(TOP)/src/upsert.c

utf.lo:	$(TOP)/src/utf.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(TEMP_STORE) -c $(TOP)/src/utf.c

util.lo:	$(TOP)/src/util.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(TEMP_STORE) -c $(TOP)/src/util.c

vacuum.lo:	$(TOP)/src/vacuum.c $(HDR)

Changes to Makefile.msc.

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         memdb.lo memjournal.lo \
         mutex.lo mutex_noop.lo mutex_unix.lo mutex_w32.lo \
         notify.lo opcodes.lo os.lo os_unix.lo os_win.lo \
         pager.lo pcache.lo pcache1.lo pragma.lo prepare.lo printf.lo \
         random.lo resolve.lo rowset.lo rtree.lo \
         sqlite3session.lo select.lo sqlite3rbu.lo status.lo \
         table.lo threads.lo tokenize.lo treeview.lo trigger.lo \
         update.lo util.lo vacuum.lo \
         vdbeapi.lo vdbeaux.lo vdbeblob.lo vdbemem.lo vdbesort.lo \
         vdbetrace.lo wal.lo walker.lo where.lo wherecode.lo whereexpr.lo \
         utf.lo vtab.lo
# <</mark>>

# Object files for the amalgamation.
#
................................................................................
  $(TOP)\src\threads.c \
  $(TOP)\src\tclsqlite.c \
  $(TOP)\src\tokenize.c \
  $(TOP)\src\treeview.c \
  $(TOP)\src\trigger.c \
  $(TOP)\src\utf.c \
  $(TOP)\src\update.c \

  $(TOP)\src\util.c \
  $(TOP)\src\vacuum.c \
  $(TOP)\src\vdbe.c \
  $(TOP)\src\vdbeapi.c \
  $(TOP)\src\vdbeaux.c \
  $(TOP)\src\vdbeblob.c \
  $(TOP)\src\vdbemem.c \
................................................................................
$(SQLITE3DLL):	$(LIBOBJ) $(LIBRESOBJS) $(CORE_LINK_DEP)
	$(LD) $(LDFLAGS) $(LTLINKOPTS) $(LTLIBPATHS) /DLL $(CORE_LINK_OPTS) /OUT:$@ $(LIBOBJ) $(LIBRESOBJS) $(LTLIBS) $(TLIBS)

# <<block2>>
sqlite3.def:	libsqlite3.lib
	echo EXPORTS > sqlite3.def
	dumpbin /all libsqlite3.lib \
		| $(TCLSH_CMD) $(TOP)\tool\replace.tcl include "^\s+1 _?(sqlite3(?:session|changeset|changegroup)?_[^@]*)(?:@\d+)?$$" \1 \
		| sort >> sqlite3.def
# <</block2>>

$(SQLITE3EXE):	shell.c $(SHELL_CORE_DEP) $(LIBRESOBJS) $(SHELL_CORE_SRC) $(SQLITE3H)
	$(LTLINK) $(SHELL_COMPILE_OPTS) $(READLINE_FLAGS) shell.c $(SHELL_CORE_SRC) \
		/link $(SQLITE3EXEPDB) $(LDFLAGS) $(LTLINKOPTS) $(SHELL_LINK_OPTS) $(LTLIBPATHS) $(LIBRESOBJS) $(LIBREADLINE) $(LTLIBS) $(TLIBS)

................................................................................

trigger.lo:	$(TOP)\src\trigger.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(CORE_COMPILE_OPTS) -c $(TOP)\src\trigger.c

update.lo:	$(TOP)\src\update.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(CORE_COMPILE_OPTS) -c $(TOP)\src\update.c




utf.lo:	$(TOP)\src\utf.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(CORE_COMPILE_OPTS) -c $(TOP)\src\utf.c

util.lo:	$(TOP)\src\util.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(CORE_COMPILE_OPTS) -c $(TOP)\src\util.c

vacuum.lo:	$(TOP)\src\vacuum.c $(HDR)







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         memdb.lo memjournal.lo \
         mutex.lo mutex_noop.lo mutex_unix.lo mutex_w32.lo \
         notify.lo opcodes.lo os.lo os_unix.lo os_win.lo \
         pager.lo pcache.lo pcache1.lo pragma.lo prepare.lo printf.lo \
         random.lo resolve.lo rowset.lo rtree.lo \
         sqlite3session.lo select.lo sqlite3rbu.lo status.lo \
         table.lo threads.lo tokenize.lo treeview.lo trigger.lo \
         update.lo upsert.lo util.lo vacuum.lo \
         vdbeapi.lo vdbeaux.lo vdbeblob.lo vdbemem.lo vdbesort.lo \
         vdbetrace.lo wal.lo walker.lo where.lo wherecode.lo whereexpr.lo \
         utf.lo vtab.lo
# <</mark>>

# Object files for the amalgamation.
#
................................................................................
  $(TOP)\src\threads.c \
  $(TOP)\src\tclsqlite.c \
  $(TOP)\src\tokenize.c \
  $(TOP)\src\treeview.c \
  $(TOP)\src\trigger.c \
  $(TOP)\src\utf.c \
  $(TOP)\src\update.c \
  $(TOP)\src\upsert.c \
  $(TOP)\src\util.c \
  $(TOP)\src\vacuum.c \
  $(TOP)\src\vdbe.c \
  $(TOP)\src\vdbeapi.c \
  $(TOP)\src\vdbeaux.c \
  $(TOP)\src\vdbeblob.c \
  $(TOP)\src\vdbemem.c \
................................................................................
$(SQLITE3DLL):	$(LIBOBJ) $(LIBRESOBJS) $(CORE_LINK_DEP)
	$(LD) $(LDFLAGS) $(LTLINKOPTS) $(LTLIBPATHS) /DLL $(CORE_LINK_OPTS) /OUT:$@ $(LIBOBJ) $(LIBRESOBJS) $(LTLIBS) $(TLIBS)

# <<block2>>
sqlite3.def:	libsqlite3.lib
	echo EXPORTS > sqlite3.def
	dumpbin /all libsqlite3.lib \
		| $(TCLSH_CMD) $(TOP)\tool\replace.tcl include "^\s+1 _?(sqlite3(?:session|changeset|changegroup|rebaser)?_[^@]*)(?:@\d+)?$$" \1 \
		| sort >> sqlite3.def
# <</block2>>

$(SQLITE3EXE):	shell.c $(SHELL_CORE_DEP) $(LIBRESOBJS) $(SHELL_CORE_SRC) $(SQLITE3H)
	$(LTLINK) $(SHELL_COMPILE_OPTS) $(READLINE_FLAGS) shell.c $(SHELL_CORE_SRC) \
		/link $(SQLITE3EXEPDB) $(LDFLAGS) $(LTLINKOPTS) $(SHELL_LINK_OPTS) $(LTLIBPATHS) $(LIBRESOBJS) $(LIBREADLINE) $(LTLIBS) $(TLIBS)

................................................................................

trigger.lo:	$(TOP)\src\trigger.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(CORE_COMPILE_OPTS) -c $(TOP)\src\trigger.c

update.lo:	$(TOP)\src\update.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(CORE_COMPILE_OPTS) -c $(TOP)\src\update.c

upsert.lo:	$(TOP)\src\upsert.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(CORE_COMPILE_OPTS) -c $(TOP)\src\upsert.c

utf.lo:	$(TOP)\src\utf.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(CORE_COMPILE_OPTS) -c $(TOP)\src\utf.c

util.lo:	$(TOP)\src\util.c $(HDR)
	$(LTCOMPILE) $(CORE_COMPILE_OPTS) -c $(TOP)\src\util.c

vacuum.lo:	$(TOP)\src\vacuum.c $(HDR)

Changes to VERSION.

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|
1
3.24.0

Changes to autoconf/Makefile.am.

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AM_CFLAGS = @THREADSAFE_FLAGS@ @DYNAMIC_EXTENSION_FLAGS@ @FTS5_FLAGS@ @JSON1_FLAGS@ @ZLIB_FLAGS@ @SESSION_FLAGS@ -DSQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_RTREE

lib_LTLIBRARIES = libsqlite3.la
libsqlite3_la_SOURCES = sqlite3.c
libsqlite3_la_LDFLAGS = -no-undefined -version-info 8:6:8

bin_PROGRAMS = sqlite3
sqlite3_SOURCES = shell.c sqlite3.h

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AM_CFLAGS = @THREADSAFE_FLAGS@ @DYNAMIC_EXTENSION_FLAGS@ @FTS5_FLAGS@ @JSON1_FLAGS@ @ZLIB_FLAGS@ @SESSION_FLAGS@ -DSQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_RTREE @DEBUG_FLAGS@

lib_LTLIBRARIES = libsqlite3.la
libsqlite3_la_SOURCES = sqlite3.c
libsqlite3_la_LDFLAGS = -no-undefined -version-info 8:6:8

bin_PROGRAMS = sqlite3
sqlite3_SOURCES = shell.c sqlite3.h

Changes to autoconf/Makefile.msc.

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Replace.exe:
	$(CSC) /target:exe $(TOP)\Replace.cs

sqlite3.def:	Replace.exe $(LIBOBJ)
	echo EXPORTS > sqlite3.def
	dumpbin /all $(LIBOBJ) \
		| .\Replace.exe "^\s+/EXPORT:_?(sqlite3(?:session|changeset|changegroup)?_[^@,]*)(?:@\d+|,DATA)?$$" $$1 true \
		| sort >> sqlite3.def

$(SQLITE3EXE):	shell.c $(SHELL_CORE_DEP) $(LIBRESOBJS) $(SHELL_CORE_SRC) $(SQLITE3H)
	$(LTLINK) $(SHELL_COMPILE_OPTS) $(READLINE_FLAGS) shell.c $(SHELL_CORE_SRC) \
		/link $(SQLITE3EXEPDB) $(LDFLAGS) $(LTLINKOPTS) $(SHELL_LINK_OPTS) $(LTLIBPATHS) $(LIBRESOBJS) $(LIBREADLINE) $(LTLIBS) $(TLIBS)









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Replace.exe:
	$(CSC) /target:exe $(TOP)\Replace.cs

sqlite3.def:	Replace.exe $(LIBOBJ)
	echo EXPORTS > sqlite3.def
	dumpbin /all $(LIBOBJ) \
		| .\Replace.exe "^\s+/EXPORT:_?(sqlite3(?:session|changeset|changegroup|rebaser)?_[^@,]*)(?:@\d+|,DATA)?$$" $$1 true \
		| sort >> sqlite3.def

$(SQLITE3EXE):	shell.c $(SHELL_CORE_DEP) $(LIBRESOBJS) $(SHELL_CORE_SRC) $(SQLITE3H)
	$(LTLINK) $(SHELL_COMPILE_OPTS) $(READLINE_FLAGS) shell.c $(SHELL_CORE_SRC) \
		/link $(SQLITE3EXEPDB) $(LDFLAGS) $(LTLINKOPTS) $(SHELL_LINK_OPTS) $(LTLIBPATHS) $(LIBRESOBJS) $(LIBREADLINE) $(LTLIBS) $(TLIBS)


Changes to autoconf/configure.ac.

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AC_SUBST(DYNAMIC_EXTENSION_FLAGS)
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------

#-----------------------------------------------------------------------
#   --enable-fts5
#
AC_ARG_ENABLE(fts5, [AS_HELP_STRING(
  [--enable-fts5], [include fts5 support [default=no]])], 
  [], [enable_fts5=no])
if test x"$enable_fts5" = "xyes"; then
  AC_SEARCH_LIBS(log, m)
  FTS5_FLAGS=-DSQLITE_ENABLE_FTS5
fi
AC_SUBST(FTS5_FLAGS)
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------

#-----------------------------------------------------------------------
#   --enable-json1
#
AC_ARG_ENABLE(json1, [AS_HELP_STRING(
  [--enable-json1], [include json1 support [default=no]])], 
  [], [enable_json1=no])
if test x"$enable_json1" = "xyes"; then
  JSON1_FLAGS=-DSQLITE_ENABLE_JSON1
fi
AC_SUBST(JSON1_FLAGS)
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------

#-----------------------------------------------------------------------
................................................................................
  [--enable-session], [enable the session extension [default=no]])], 
  [], [enable_session=no])
if test x"$enable_session" = "xyes"; then
  SESSION_FLAGS="-DSQLITE_ENABLE_SESSION -DSQLITE_ENABLE_PREUPDATE_HOOK"
fi
AC_SUBST(SESSION_FLAGS)
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------













#-----------------------------------------------------------------------
#   --enable-static-shell
#
AC_ARG_ENABLE(static-shell, [AS_HELP_STRING(
  [--enable-static-shell], 
  [statically link libsqlite3 into shell tool [default=yes]])], 







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AC_SUBST(DYNAMIC_EXTENSION_FLAGS)
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------

#-----------------------------------------------------------------------
#   --enable-fts5
#
AC_ARG_ENABLE(fts5, [AS_HELP_STRING(
  [--enable-fts5], [include fts5 support [default=yes]])], 
  [], [enable_fts5=yes])
if test x"$enable_fts5" = "xyes"; then
  AC_SEARCH_LIBS(log, m)
  FTS5_FLAGS=-DSQLITE_ENABLE_FTS5
fi
AC_SUBST(FTS5_FLAGS)
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------

#-----------------------------------------------------------------------
#   --enable-json1
#
AC_ARG_ENABLE(json1, [AS_HELP_STRING(
  [--enable-json1], [include json1 support [default=yes]])], 
  [], [enable_json1=yes])
if test x"$enable_json1" = "xyes"; then
  JSON1_FLAGS=-DSQLITE_ENABLE_JSON1
fi
AC_SUBST(JSON1_FLAGS)
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------

#-----------------------------------------------------------------------
................................................................................
  [--enable-session], [enable the session extension [default=no]])], 
  [], [enable_session=no])
if test x"$enable_session" = "xyes"; then
  SESSION_FLAGS="-DSQLITE_ENABLE_SESSION -DSQLITE_ENABLE_PREUPDATE_HOOK"
fi
AC_SUBST(SESSION_FLAGS)
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------

#-----------------------------------------------------------------------
#   --enable-debug
#
AC_ARG_ENABLE(debug, [AS_HELP_STRING(
  [--enable-debug], [build with debugging features enabled [default=no]])], 
  [], [enable_session=no])
if test x"$enable_debug" = "xyes"; then
  DEBUG_FLAGS="-DSQLITE_DEBUG -DSQLITE_ENABLE_SELECTTRACE -DSQLITE_ENABLE_WHERETRACE"
fi
AC_SUBST(DEBUG_FLAGS)
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------

#-----------------------------------------------------------------------
#   --enable-static-shell
#
AC_ARG_ENABLE(static-shell, [AS_HELP_STRING(
  [--enable-static-shell], 
  [statically link libsqlite3 into shell tool [default=yes]])], 

Changes to configure.

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#! /bin/sh
# Guess values for system-dependent variables and create Makefiles.
# Generated by GNU Autoconf 2.69 for sqlite 3.23.1.
#
#
# Copyright (C) 1992-1996, 1998-2012 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
#
#
# This configure script is free software; the Free Software Foundation
# gives unlimited permission to copy, distribute and modify it.
................................................................................
subdirs=
MFLAGS=
MAKEFLAGS=

# Identity of this package.
PACKAGE_NAME='sqlite'
PACKAGE_TARNAME='sqlite'
PACKAGE_VERSION='3.23.1'
PACKAGE_STRING='sqlite 3.23.1'
PACKAGE_BUGREPORT=''
PACKAGE_URL=''

# Factoring default headers for most tests.
ac_includes_default="\
#include <stdio.h>
#ifdef HAVE_SYS_TYPES_H
................................................................................
#
# Report the --help message.
#
if test "$ac_init_help" = "long"; then
  # Omit some internal or obsolete options to make the list less imposing.
  # This message is too long to be a string in the A/UX 3.1 sh.
  cat <<_ACEOF
\`configure' configures sqlite 3.23.1 to adapt to many kinds of systems.

Usage: $0 [OPTION]... [VAR=VALUE]...

To assign environment variables (e.g., CC, CFLAGS...), specify them as
VAR=VALUE.  See below for descriptions of some of the useful variables.

Defaults for the options are specified in brackets.
................................................................................
  --build=BUILD     configure for building on BUILD [guessed]
  --host=HOST       cross-compile to build programs to run on HOST [BUILD]
_ACEOF
fi

if test -n "$ac_init_help"; then
  case $ac_init_help in
     short | recursive ) echo "Configuration of sqlite 3.23.1:";;
   esac
  cat <<\_ACEOF

Optional Features:
  --disable-option-checking  ignore unrecognized --enable/--with options
  --disable-FEATURE       do not include FEATURE (same as --enable-FEATURE=no)
  --enable-FEATURE[=ARG]  include FEATURE [ARG=yes]
................................................................................
    cd "$ac_pwd" || { ac_status=$?; break; }
  done
fi

test -n "$ac_init_help" && exit $ac_status
if $ac_init_version; then
  cat <<\_ACEOF
sqlite configure 3.23.1
generated by GNU Autoconf 2.69

Copyright (C) 2012 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This configure script is free software; the Free Software Foundation
gives unlimited permission to copy, distribute and modify it.
_ACEOF
  exit
................................................................................
  eval $as_lineno_stack; ${as_lineno_stack:+:} unset as_lineno

} # ac_fn_c_check_header_mongrel
cat >config.log <<_ACEOF
This file contains any messages produced by compilers while
running configure, to aid debugging if configure makes a mistake.

It was created by sqlite $as_me 3.23.1, which was
generated by GNU Autoconf 2.69.  Invocation command line was

  $ $0 $@

_ACEOF
exec 5>>config.log
{
................................................................................
test $as_write_fail = 0 && chmod +x $CONFIG_STATUS || ac_write_fail=1

cat >>$CONFIG_STATUS <<\_ACEOF || ac_write_fail=1
# Save the log message, to keep $0 and so on meaningful, and to
# report actual input values of CONFIG_FILES etc. instead of their
# values after options handling.
ac_log="
This file was extended by sqlite $as_me 3.23.1, which was
generated by GNU Autoconf 2.69.  Invocation command line was

  CONFIG_FILES    = $CONFIG_FILES
  CONFIG_HEADERS  = $CONFIG_HEADERS
  CONFIG_LINKS    = $CONFIG_LINKS
  CONFIG_COMMANDS = $CONFIG_COMMANDS
  $ $0 $@
................................................................................

Report bugs to the package provider."

_ACEOF
cat >>$CONFIG_STATUS <<_ACEOF || ac_write_fail=1
ac_cs_config="`$as_echo "$ac_configure_args" | sed 's/^ //; s/[\\""\`\$]/\\\\&/g'`"
ac_cs_version="\\
sqlite config.status 3.23.1
configured by $0, generated by GNU Autoconf 2.69,
  with options \\"\$ac_cs_config\\"

Copyright (C) 2012 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This config.status script is free software; the Free Software Foundation
gives unlimited permission to copy, distribute and modify it."



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#! /bin/sh
# Guess values for system-dependent variables and create Makefiles.
# Generated by GNU Autoconf 2.69 for sqlite 3.24.0.
#
#
# Copyright (C) 1992-1996, 1998-2012 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
#
#
# This configure script is free software; the Free Software Foundation
# gives unlimited permission to copy, distribute and modify it.
................................................................................
subdirs=
MFLAGS=
MAKEFLAGS=

# Identity of this package.
PACKAGE_NAME='sqlite'
PACKAGE_TARNAME='sqlite'
PACKAGE_VERSION='3.24.0'
PACKAGE_STRING='sqlite 3.24.0'
PACKAGE_BUGREPORT=''
PACKAGE_URL=''

# Factoring default headers for most tests.
ac_includes_default="\
#include <stdio.h>
#ifdef HAVE_SYS_TYPES_H
................................................................................
#
# Report the --help message.
#
if test "$ac_init_help" = "long"; then
  # Omit some internal or obsolete options to make the list less imposing.
  # This message is too long to be a string in the A/UX 3.1 sh.
  cat <<_ACEOF
\`configure' configures sqlite 3.24.0 to adapt to many kinds of systems.

Usage: $0 [OPTION]... [VAR=VALUE]...

To assign environment variables (e.g., CC, CFLAGS...), specify them as
VAR=VALUE.  See below for descriptions of some of the useful variables.

Defaults for the options are specified in brackets.
................................................................................
  --build=BUILD     configure for building on BUILD [guessed]
  --host=HOST       cross-compile to build programs to run on HOST [BUILD]
_ACEOF
fi

if test -n "$ac_init_help"; then
  case $ac_init_help in
     short | recursive ) echo "Configuration of sqlite 3.24.0:";;
   esac
  cat <<\_ACEOF

Optional Features:
  --disable-option-checking  ignore unrecognized --enable/--with options
  --disable-FEATURE       do not include FEATURE (same as --enable-FEATURE=no)
  --enable-FEATURE[=ARG]  include FEATURE [ARG=yes]
................................................................................
    cd "$ac_pwd" || { ac_status=$?; break; }
  done
fi

test -n "$ac_init_help" && exit $ac_status
if $ac_init_version; then
  cat <<\_ACEOF
sqlite configure 3.24.0
generated by GNU Autoconf 2.69

Copyright (C) 2012 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This configure script is free software; the Free Software Foundation
gives unlimited permission to copy, distribute and modify it.
_ACEOF
  exit
................................................................................
  eval $as_lineno_stack; ${as_lineno_stack:+:} unset as_lineno

} # ac_fn_c_check_header_mongrel
cat >config.log <<_ACEOF
This file contains any messages produced by compilers while
running configure, to aid debugging if configure makes a mistake.

It was created by sqlite $as_me 3.24.0, which was
generated by GNU Autoconf 2.69.  Invocation command line was

  $ $0 $@

_ACEOF
exec 5>>config.log
{
................................................................................
test $as_write_fail = 0 && chmod +x $CONFIG_STATUS || ac_write_fail=1

cat >>$CONFIG_STATUS <<\_ACEOF || ac_write_fail=1
# Save the log message, to keep $0 and so on meaningful, and to
# report actual input values of CONFIG_FILES etc. instead of their
# values after options handling.
ac_log="
This file was extended by sqlite $as_me 3.24.0, which was
generated by GNU Autoconf 2.69.  Invocation command line was

  CONFIG_FILES    = $CONFIG_FILES
  CONFIG_HEADERS  = $CONFIG_HEADERS
  CONFIG_LINKS    = $CONFIG_LINKS
  CONFIG_COMMANDS = $CONFIG_COMMANDS
  $ $0 $@
................................................................................

Report bugs to the package provider."

_ACEOF
cat >>$CONFIG_STATUS <<_ACEOF || ac_write_fail=1
ac_cs_config="`$as_echo "$ac_configure_args" | sed 's/^ //; s/[\\""\`\$]/\\\\&/g'`"
ac_cs_version="\\
sqlite config.status 3.24.0
configured by $0, generated by GNU Autoconf 2.69,
  with options \\"\$ac_cs_config\\"

Copyright (C) 2012 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This config.status script is free software; the Free Software Foundation
gives unlimited permission to copy, distribute and modify it."

Changes to doc/lemon.html.

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As of this writing, the following command-line options are supported:
<ul>
<li><b>-b</b>
Show only the basis for each parser state in the report file.
<li><b>-c</b>
Do not compress the generated action tables.  The parser will be a
little larger and slower, but it will detect syntax errors sooner.



<li><b>-D<i>name</i></b>
Define C preprocessor macro <i>name</i>.  This macro is usable by
"<tt><a href='#pifdef'>%ifdef</a></tt>" and
"<tt><a href='#pifdef'>%ifndef</a></tt>" lines
in the grammar file.
<li><b>-g</b>
Do not generate a parser.  Instead write the input grammar to standard
................................................................................
</pre></p>

<p>Then the Parse() function generated will have an 4th parameter
of type "MyStruct*" and all action routines will have access to
a variable named "pAbc" that is the value of the 4th parameter
in the most recent call to Parse().</p>

























<a name='pfallback'></a>
<h4>The <tt>%fallback</tt> directive</h4>

<p>The <tt>%fallback</tt> directive specifies an alternative meaning for one
or more tokens.  The alternative meaning is tried if the original token
would have generated a syntax error.</p>








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As of this writing, the following command-line options are supported:
<ul>
<li><b>-b</b>
Show only the basis for each parser state in the report file.
<li><b>-c</b>
Do not compress the generated action tables.  The parser will be a
little larger and slower, but it will detect syntax errors sooner.
<li><b>-d</b><i>directory</i>
Write all output files into <i>directory</i>.  Normally, output files
are written into the directory that contains the input grammar file.
<li><b>-D<i>name</i></b>
Define C preprocessor macro <i>name</i>.  This macro is usable by
"<tt><a href='#pifdef'>%ifdef</a></tt>" and
"<tt><a href='#pifdef'>%ifndef</a></tt>" lines
in the grammar file.
<li><b>-g</b>
Do not generate a parser.  Instead write the input grammar to standard
................................................................................
</pre></p>

<p>Then the Parse() function generated will have an 4th parameter
of type "MyStruct*" and all action routines will have access to
a variable named "pAbc" that is the value of the 4th parameter
in the most recent call to Parse().</p>

<p>The <tt>%extra_context</tt> directive works the same except that it
is passed in on the ParseAlloc() or ParseInit() routines instead of
on Parse().

<a name='extractx'></a>
<h4>The <tt>%extra_context</tt> directive</h4>

The <tt>%extra_context</tt> directive instructs Lemon to add a 2th parameter
to the parameter list of the ParseAlloc() and ParseInif() functions.  Lemon
doesn't do anything itself with these extra argument, but it does
store the value make it available to C-code action routines, destructors,
and so forth.  For example, if the grammar file contains:</p>

<p><pre>
    %extra_context { MyStruct *pAbc }
</pre></p>

<p>Then the ParseAlloc() and ParseInit() functions will have an 2th parameter
of type "MyStruct*" and all action routines will have access to
a variable named "pAbc" that is the value of that 2th parameter.</p>

<p>The <tt>%extra_argument</tt> directive works the same except that it
is passed in on the Parse() routine instead of on ParseAlloc()/ParseInit().

<a name='pfallback'></a>
<h4>The <tt>%fallback</tt> directive</h4>

<p>The <tt>%fallback</tt> directive specifies an alternative meaning for one
or more tokens.  The alternative meaning is tried if the original token
would have generated a syntax error.</p>

Changes to ext/expert/expert1.test.

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  eval $setup


do_setup_rec_test $tn.1 { CREATE TABLE t1(a, b, c) } {
  SELECT * FROM t1
} {
  (no new indexes)
  0|0|0|SCAN TABLE t1
}

do_setup_rec_test $tn.2 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(a, b, c);
} {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE b>?;
} {
  CREATE INDEX t1_idx_00000062 ON t1(b);
  0|0|0|SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1_idx_00000062 (b>?)
}

do_setup_rec_test $tn.3 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(a, b, c);
} {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE b COLLATE nocase BETWEEN ? AND ?
} {
  CREATE INDEX t1_idx_3e094c27 ON t1(b COLLATE NOCASE);
  0|0|0|SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1_idx_3e094c27 (b>? AND b<?)
}

do_setup_rec_test $tn.4 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(a, b, c);
} {
  SELECT a FROM t1 ORDER BY b;
} {
  CREATE INDEX t1_idx_00000062 ON t1(b);
  0|0|0|SCAN TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1_idx_00000062
}

do_setup_rec_test $tn.5 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(a, b, c);
} {
  SELECT a FROM t1 WHERE a=? ORDER BY b;
} {
  CREATE INDEX t1_idx_000123a7 ON t1(a, b);
  0|0|0|SEARCH TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX t1_idx_000123a7 (a=?)
}

do_setup_rec_test $tn.6 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(a, b, c);
} {
  SELECT min(a) FROM t1
} {
  CREATE INDEX t1_idx_00000061 ON t1(a);
  0|0|0|SEARCH TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX t1_idx_00000061
}

do_setup_rec_test $tn.7 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(a, b, c);
} {
  SELECT * FROM t1 ORDER BY a, b, c;
} {
  CREATE INDEX t1_idx_033e95fe ON t1(a, b, c);
  0|0|0|SCAN TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX t1_idx_033e95fe
}

#do_setup_rec_test $tn.1.8 {
#  CREATE TABLE t1(a, b, c);
#} {
#  SELECT * FROM t1 ORDER BY a ASC, b COLLATE nocase DESC, c ASC;
#} {
................................................................................

do_setup_rec_test $tn.8.1 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(a COLLATE NOCase, b, c);
} {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a=?
} {
  CREATE INDEX t1_idx_00000061 ON t1(a);
  0|0|0|SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1_idx_00000061 (a=?)
}
do_setup_rec_test $tn.8.2 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(a, b COLLATE nocase, c);
} {
  SELECT * FROM t1 ORDER BY a ASC, b DESC, c ASC;
} {
  CREATE INDEX t1_idx_5cb97285 ON t1(a, b DESC, c);
  0|0|0|SCAN TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX t1_idx_5cb97285
}


# Tables with names that require quotes.
#
do_setup_rec_test $tn.9.1 {
  CREATE TABLE "t t"(a, b, c);
} {
  SELECT * FROM "t t" WHERE a=?
} {
  CREATE INDEX 't t_idx_00000061' ON 't t'(a);
  0|0|0|SEARCH TABLE t t USING INDEX t t_idx_00000061 (a=?) 
}

do_setup_rec_test $tn.9.2 {
  CREATE TABLE "t t"(a, b, c);
} {
  SELECT * FROM "t t" WHERE b BETWEEN ? AND ?
} {
  CREATE INDEX 't t_idx_00000062' ON 't t'(b);
  0|0|0|SEARCH TABLE t t USING INDEX t t_idx_00000062 (b>? AND b<?)
}

# Columns with names that require quotes.
#
do_setup_rec_test $tn.10.1 {
  CREATE TABLE t3(a, "b b", c);
} {
  SELECT * FROM t3 WHERE "b b" = ?
} {
  CREATE INDEX t3_idx_00050c52 ON t3('b b');
  0|0|0|SEARCH TABLE t3 USING INDEX t3_idx_00050c52 (b b=?)
}

do_setup_rec_test $tn.10.2 {
  CREATE TABLE t3(a, "b b", c);
} {
  SELECT * FROM t3 ORDER BY "b b"
} {
  CREATE INDEX t3_idx_00050c52 ON t3('b b');
  0|0|0|SCAN TABLE t3 USING INDEX t3_idx_00050c52
}

# Transitive constraints
#
do_setup_rec_test $tn.11.1 {
  CREATE TABLE t5(a, b);
  CREATE TABLE t6(c, d);
} {
  SELECT * FROM t5, t6 WHERE a=? AND b=c AND c=?
} {
  CREATE INDEX t5_idx_000123a7 ON t5(a, b);
  CREATE INDEX t6_idx_00000063 ON t6(c);
  0|0|1|SEARCH TABLE t6 USING INDEX t6_idx_00000063 (c=?) 
  0|1|0|SEARCH TABLE t5 USING COVERING INDEX t5_idx_000123a7 (a=? AND b=?)
}

# OR terms.
#
do_setup_rec_test $tn.12.1 {
  CREATE TABLE t7(a, b);
} {
  SELECT * FROM t7 WHERE a=? OR b=?
} {
  CREATE INDEX t7_idx_00000062 ON t7(b);
  CREATE INDEX t7_idx_00000061 ON t7(a);

  0|0|0|SEARCH TABLE t7 USING INDEX t7_idx_00000061 (a=?) 
  0|0|0|SEARCH TABLE t7 USING INDEX t7_idx_00000062 (b=?)
}

# rowid terms.
#
do_setup_rec_test $tn.13.1 {
  CREATE TABLE t8(a, b);
} {
  SELECT * FROM t8 WHERE rowid=?
} {
  (no new indexes)
  0|0|0|SEARCH TABLE t8 USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?)
}
do_setup_rec_test $tn.13.2 {
  CREATE TABLE t8(a, b);
} {
  SELECT * FROM t8 ORDER BY rowid
} {
  (no new indexes)
  0|0|0|SCAN TABLE t8
}
do_setup_rec_test $tn.13.3 {
  CREATE TABLE t8(a, b);
} {
  SELECT * FROM t8 WHERE a=? ORDER BY rowid
} {
  CREATE INDEX t8_idx_00000061 ON t8(a); 
  0|0|0|SEARCH TABLE t8 USING INDEX t8_idx_00000061 (a=?)
}

# Triggers
#
do_setup_rec_test $tn.14 {
  CREATE TABLE t9(a, b, c);
  CREATE TABLE t10(a, b, c);
................................................................................
  CREATE TRIGGER t9t AFTER INSERT ON t9 BEGIN
    UPDATE t10 SET a=new.a WHERE b = new.b;
  END;
} {
  INSERT INTO t9 VALUES(?, ?, ?);
} {
  CREATE INDEX t10_idx_00000062 ON t10(b); 

  0|0|0|SEARCH TABLE t10 USING INDEX t10_idx_00000062 (b=?)
}

do_setup_rec_test $tn.15 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(a, b);
  CREATE TABLE t2(c, d);

  WITH s(i) AS ( VALUES(1) UNION ALL SELECT i+1 FROM s WHERE i<100)
................................................................................

  WITH s(i) AS ( VALUES(1) UNION ALL SELECT i+1 FROM s WHERE i<100)
  INSERT INTO t2 SELECT (i-1)/20, (i-1)/5 FROM s;
} {
  SELECT * FROM t2, t1 WHERE b=? AND d=? AND t2.rowid=t1.rowid
} {
  CREATE INDEX t2_idx_00000064 ON t2(d);
  0|0|0|SEARCH TABLE t2 USING INDEX t2_idx_00000064 (d=?) 
  0|1|1|SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?)
}

do_setup_rec_test $tn.16 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(a, b);
} {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE b IS NOT NULL;
} {
  (no new indexes)
  0|0|0|SCAN TABLE t1
}

}

proc do_candidates_test {tn sql res} {
  set res [squish [string trim $res]]

................................................................................
  t2 t2_idx_00000063 {100 20} 
  t2 t2_idx_00000064 {100 5} 
  t2 t2_idx_0001295b {100 20 5}
}


finish_test








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297
...
299
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301
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303
304
305
306
307
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309
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311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
...
377
378
379
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382
383

  eval $setup


do_setup_rec_test $tn.1 { CREATE TABLE t1(a, b, c) } {
  SELECT * FROM t1
} {
  (no new indexes)
  SCAN TABLE t1
}

do_setup_rec_test $tn.2 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(a, b, c);
} {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE b>?;
} {
  CREATE INDEX t1_idx_00000062 ON t1(b);
  SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1_idx_00000062 (b>?)
}

do_setup_rec_test $tn.3 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(a, b, c);
} {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE b COLLATE nocase BETWEEN ? AND ?
} {
  CREATE INDEX t1_idx_3e094c27 ON t1(b COLLATE NOCASE);
  SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1_idx_3e094c27 (b>? AND b<?)
}

do_setup_rec_test $tn.4 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(a, b, c);
} {
  SELECT a FROM t1 ORDER BY b;
} {
  CREATE INDEX t1_idx_00000062 ON t1(b);
  SCAN TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1_idx_00000062
}

do_setup_rec_test $tn.5 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(a, b, c);
} {
  SELECT a FROM t1 WHERE a=? ORDER BY b;
} {
  CREATE INDEX t1_idx_000123a7 ON t1(a, b);
  SEARCH TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX t1_idx_000123a7 (a=?)
}

do_setup_rec_test $tn.6 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(a, b, c);
} {
  SELECT min(a) FROM t1
} {
  CREATE INDEX t1_idx_00000061 ON t1(a);
  SEARCH TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX t1_idx_00000061
}

do_setup_rec_test $tn.7 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(a, b, c);
} {
  SELECT * FROM t1 ORDER BY a, b, c;
} {
  CREATE INDEX t1_idx_033e95fe ON t1(a, b, c);
  SCAN TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX t1_idx_033e95fe
}

#do_setup_rec_test $tn.1.8 {
#  CREATE TABLE t1(a, b, c);
#} {
#  SELECT * FROM t1 ORDER BY a ASC, b COLLATE nocase DESC, c ASC;
#} {
................................................................................

do_setup_rec_test $tn.8.1 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(a COLLATE NOCase, b, c);
} {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a=?
} {
  CREATE INDEX t1_idx_00000061 ON t1(a);
  SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1_idx_00000061 (a=?)
}
do_setup_rec_test $tn.8.2 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(a, b COLLATE nocase, c);
} {
  SELECT * FROM t1 ORDER BY a ASC, b DESC, c ASC;
} {
  CREATE INDEX t1_idx_5cb97285 ON t1(a, b DESC, c);
  SCAN TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX t1_idx_5cb97285
}


# Tables with names that require quotes.
#
do_setup_rec_test $tn.9.1 {
  CREATE TABLE "t t"(a, b, c);
} {
  SELECT * FROM "t t" WHERE a=?
} {
  CREATE INDEX 't t_idx_00000061' ON 't t'(a);
  SEARCH TABLE t t USING INDEX t t_idx_00000061 (a=?) 
}

do_setup_rec_test $tn.9.2 {
  CREATE TABLE "t t"(a, b, c);
} {
  SELECT * FROM "t t" WHERE b BETWEEN ? AND ?
} {
  CREATE INDEX 't t_idx_00000062' ON 't t'(b);
  SEARCH TABLE t t USING INDEX t t_idx_00000062 (b>? AND b<?)
}

# Columns with names that require quotes.
#
do_setup_rec_test $tn.10.1 {
  CREATE TABLE t3(a, "b b", c);
} {
  SELECT * FROM t3 WHERE "b b" = ?
} {
  CREATE INDEX t3_idx_00050c52 ON t3('b b');
  SEARCH TABLE t3 USING INDEX t3_idx_00050c52 (b b=?)
}

do_setup_rec_test $tn.10.2 {
  CREATE TABLE t3(a, "b b", c);
} {
  SELECT * FROM t3 ORDER BY "b b"
} {
  CREATE INDEX t3_idx_00050c52 ON t3('b b');
  SCAN TABLE t3 USING INDEX t3_idx_00050c52
}

# Transitive constraints
#
do_setup_rec_test $tn.11.1 {
  CREATE TABLE t5(a, b);
  CREATE TABLE t6(c, d);
} {
  SELECT * FROM t5, t6 WHERE a=? AND b=c AND c=?
} {
  CREATE INDEX t5_idx_000123a7 ON t5(a, b);
  CREATE INDEX t6_idx_00000063 ON t6(c);
  SEARCH TABLE t6 USING INDEX t6_idx_00000063 (c=?) 
  SEARCH TABLE t5 USING COVERING INDEX t5_idx_000123a7 (a=? AND b=?)
}

# OR terms.
#
do_setup_rec_test $tn.12.1 {
  CREATE TABLE t7(a, b);
} {
  SELECT * FROM t7 WHERE a=? OR b=?
} {
  CREATE INDEX t7_idx_00000062 ON t7(b);
  CREATE INDEX t7_idx_00000061 ON t7(a);
  MULTI-INDEX OR
    SEARCH TABLE t7 USING INDEX t7_idx_00000061 (a=?) 
    SEARCH TABLE t7 USING INDEX t7_idx_00000062 (b=?)
}

# rowid terms.
#
do_setup_rec_test $tn.13.1 {
  CREATE TABLE t8(a, b);
} {
  SELECT * FROM t8 WHERE rowid=?
} {
  (no new indexes)
  SEARCH TABLE t8 USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?)
}
do_setup_rec_test $tn.13.2 {
  CREATE TABLE t8(a, b);
} {
  SELECT * FROM t8 ORDER BY rowid
} {
  (no new indexes)
  SCAN TABLE t8
}
do_setup_rec_test $tn.13.3 {
  CREATE TABLE t8(a, b);
} {
  SELECT * FROM t8 WHERE a=? ORDER BY rowid
} {
  CREATE INDEX t8_idx_00000061 ON t8(a); 
  SEARCH TABLE t8 USING INDEX t8_idx_00000061 (a=?)
}

# Triggers
#
do_setup_rec_test $tn.14 {
  CREATE TABLE t9(a, b, c);
  CREATE TABLE t10(a, b, c);
................................................................................
  CREATE TRIGGER t9t AFTER INSERT ON t9 BEGIN
    UPDATE t10 SET a=new.a WHERE b = new.b;
  END;
} {
  INSERT INTO t9 VALUES(?, ?, ?);
} {
  CREATE INDEX t10_idx_00000062 ON t10(b); 
  -- TRIGGER t9t
  SEARCH TABLE t10 USING INDEX t10_idx_00000062 (b=?)
}

do_setup_rec_test $tn.15 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(a, b);
  CREATE TABLE t2(c, d);

  WITH s(i) AS ( VALUES(1) UNION ALL SELECT i+1 FROM s WHERE i<100)
................................................................................

  WITH s(i) AS ( VALUES(1) UNION ALL SELECT i+1 FROM s WHERE i<100)
  INSERT INTO t2 SELECT (i-1)/20, (i-1)/5 FROM s;
} {
  SELECT * FROM t2, t1 WHERE b=? AND d=? AND t2.rowid=t1.rowid
} {
  CREATE INDEX t2_idx_00000064 ON t2(d);
  SEARCH TABLE t2 USING INDEX t2_idx_00000064 (d=?) 
  SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?)
}

do_setup_rec_test $tn.16 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(a, b);
} {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE b IS NOT NULL;
} {
  (no new indexes)
  SCAN TABLE t1
}

}

proc do_candidates_test {tn sql res} {
  set res [squish [string trim $res]]

................................................................................
  t2 t2_idx_00000063 {100 20} 
  t2 t2_idx_00000064 {100 5} 
  t2 t2_idx_0001295b {100 20 5}
}


finish_test

Changes to ext/expert/sqlite3expert.c.

1119
1120
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1124
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1126
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1129
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1131
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1133
1134
1135
....
1148
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1159
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1161
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    IdxHashEntry *pEntry;
    sqlite3_stmt *pExplain = 0;
    idxHashClear(&hIdx);
    rc = idxPrintfPrepareStmt(dbm, &pExplain, pzErr,
        "EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN %s", pStmt->zSql
    );
    while( rc==SQLITE_OK && sqlite3_step(pExplain)==SQLITE_ROW ){
      int iSelectid = sqlite3_column_int(pExplain, 0);
      int iOrder = sqlite3_column_int(pExplain, 1);
      int iFrom = sqlite3_column_int(pExplain, 2);
      const char *zDetail = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pExplain, 3);
      int nDetail = STRLEN(zDetail);
      int i;

      for(i=0; i<nDetail; i++){
        const char *zIdx = 0;
        if( memcmp(&zDetail[i], " USING INDEX ", 13)==0 ){
................................................................................
            idxHashAdd(&rc, &hIdx, zSql, 0);
            if( rc ) goto find_indexes_out;
          }
          break;
        }
      }

      pStmt->zEQP = idxAppendText(&rc, pStmt->zEQP, "%d|%d|%d|%s\n", 
          iSelectid, iOrder, iFrom, zDetail
      );
    }

    for(pEntry=hIdx.pFirst; pEntry; pEntry=pEntry->pNext){
      pStmt->zIdx = idxAppendText(&rc, pStmt->zIdx, "%s;\n", pEntry->zKey);
    }

    idxFinalize(&rc, pExplain);







|
|
|







 







|
<
<







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1135
....
1148
1149
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1151
1152
1153
1154
1155


1156
1157
1158
1159
1160
1161
1162
    IdxHashEntry *pEntry;
    sqlite3_stmt *pExplain = 0;
    idxHashClear(&hIdx);
    rc = idxPrintfPrepareStmt(dbm, &pExplain, pzErr,
        "EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN %s", pStmt->zSql
    );
    while( rc==SQLITE_OK && sqlite3_step(pExplain)==SQLITE_ROW ){
      /* int iId = sqlite3_column_int(pExplain, 0); */
      /* int iParent = sqlite3_column_int(pExplain, 1); */
      /* int iNotUsed = sqlite3_column_int(pExplain, 2); */
      const char *zDetail = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pExplain, 3);
      int nDetail = STRLEN(zDetail);
      int i;

      for(i=0; i<nDetail; i++){
        const char *zIdx = 0;
        if( memcmp(&zDetail[i], " USING INDEX ", 13)==0 ){
................................................................................
            idxHashAdd(&rc, &hIdx, zSql, 0);
            if( rc ) goto find_indexes_out;
          }
          break;
        }
      }

      pStmt->zEQP = idxAppendText(&rc, pStmt->zEQP, "%s\n", zDetail);


    }

    for(pEntry=hIdx.pFirst; pEntry; pEntry=pEntry->pNext){
      pStmt->zIdx = idxAppendText(&rc, pStmt->zIdx, "%s;\n", pEntry->zKey);
    }

    idxFinalize(&rc, pExplain);

Changes to ext/fts3/fts3.c.

3959
3960
3961
3962
3963
3964
3965
3966
3967
3968
3969
3970
3971
3972
3973
    ){
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
  }

#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3Fts3ExprInitTestInterface(db);
  }
#endif

  /* Create the virtual table wrapper around the hash-table and overload 
  ** the four scalar functions. If this is successful, register the
  ** module with sqlite.
  */







|







3959
3960
3961
3962
3963
3964
3965
3966
3967
3968
3969
3970
3971
3972
3973
    ){
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
  }

#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3Fts3ExprInitTestInterface(db, pHash);
  }
#endif

  /* Create the virtual table wrapper around the hash-table and overload 
  ** the four scalar functions. If this is successful, register the
  ** module with sqlite.
  */

Changes to ext/fts3/fts3Int.h.

580
581
582
583
584
585
586
587
588
589
590
591
592
593
594

/* fts3_expr.c */
int sqlite3Fts3ExprParse(sqlite3_tokenizer *, int,
  char **, int, int, int, const char *, int, Fts3Expr **, char **
);
void sqlite3Fts3ExprFree(Fts3Expr *);
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
int sqlite3Fts3ExprInitTestInterface(sqlite3 *db);
int sqlite3Fts3InitTerm(sqlite3 *db);
#endif

int sqlite3Fts3OpenTokenizer(sqlite3_tokenizer *, int, const char *, int,
  sqlite3_tokenizer_cursor **
);








|







580
581
582
583
584
585
586
587
588
589
590
591
592
593
594

/* fts3_expr.c */
int sqlite3Fts3ExprParse(sqlite3_tokenizer *, int,
  char **, int, int, int, const char *, int, Fts3Expr **, char **
);
void sqlite3Fts3ExprFree(Fts3Expr *);
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
int sqlite3Fts3ExprInitTestInterface(sqlite3 *db, Fts3Hash*);
int sqlite3Fts3InitTerm(sqlite3 *db);
#endif

int sqlite3Fts3OpenTokenizer(sqlite3_tokenizer *, int, const char *, int,
  sqlite3_tokenizer_cursor **
);

Changes to ext/fts3/fts3_expr.c.

1104
1105
1106
1107
1108
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....
1199
1200
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1206

1207
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1222
1223
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1232
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1235
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1239
1240
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1291
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** Everything after this point is just test code.
*/

#ifdef SQLITE_TEST

#include <stdio.h>

/*
** Function to query the hash-table of tokenizers (see README.tokenizers).
*/
static int queryTestTokenizer(
  sqlite3 *db, 
  const char *zName,  
  const sqlite3_tokenizer_module **pp
){
  int rc;
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt;
  const char zSql[] = "SELECT fts3_tokenizer(?)";

  *pp = 0;
  rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    return rc;
  }

  sqlite3_bind_text(pStmt, 1, zName, -1, SQLITE_STATIC);
  if( SQLITE_ROW==sqlite3_step(pStmt) ){
    if( sqlite3_column_type(pStmt, 0)==SQLITE_BLOB ){
      memcpy((void *)pp, sqlite3_column_blob(pStmt, 0), sizeof(*pp));
    }
  }

  return sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
}

/*
** Return a pointer to a buffer containing a text representation of the
** expression passed as the first argument. The buffer is obtained from
** sqlite3_malloc(). It is the responsibility of the caller to use 
** sqlite3_free() to release the memory. If an OOM condition is encountered,
** NULL is returned.
**
................................................................................
** to parse the query expression (see README.tokenizers). The second argument
** is the query expression to parse. Each subsequent argument is the name
** of a column of the fts3 table that the query expression may refer to.
** For example:
**
**   SELECT fts3_exprtest('simple', 'Bill col2:Bloggs', 'col1', 'col2');
*/
static void fts3ExprTest(

  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  sqlite3_tokenizer_module const *pModule = 0;
  sqlite3_tokenizer *pTokenizer = 0;
  int rc;
  char **azCol = 0;
  const char *zExpr;
  int nExpr;
  int nCol;
  int ii;
  Fts3Expr *pExpr;
  char *zBuf = 0;
  sqlite3 *db = sqlite3_context_db_handle(context);



  if( argc<3 ){
    sqlite3_result_error(context, 
        "Usage: fts3_exprtest(tokenizer, expr, col1, ...", -1
    );
    return;
  }

  rc = queryTestTokenizer(db,
                          (const char *)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]), &pModule);


  if( rc==SQLITE_NOMEM ){
    sqlite3_result_error_nomem(context);
    goto exprtest_out;
  }else if( !pModule ){
    sqlite3_result_error(context, "No such tokenizer module", -1);
    goto exprtest_out;
  }



  rc = pModule->xCreate(0, 0, &pTokenizer);
  assert( rc==SQLITE_NOMEM || rc==SQLITE_OK );
  if( rc==SQLITE_NOMEM ){
    sqlite3_result_error_nomem(context);
    goto exprtest_out;
  }
  pTokenizer->pModule = pModule;

  zExpr = (const char *)sqlite3_value_text(argv[1]);
  nExpr = sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[1]);
  nCol = argc-2;
  azCol = (char **)sqlite3_malloc(nCol*sizeof(char *));
  if( !azCol ){
    sqlite3_result_error_nomem(context);
    goto exprtest_out;
  }
  for(ii=0; ii<nCol; ii++){
    azCol[ii] = (char *)sqlite3_value_text(argv[ii+2]);
  }

  if( sqlite3_user_data(context) ){
    char *zDummy = 0;
    rc = sqlite3Fts3ExprParse(
        pTokenizer, 0, azCol, 0, nCol, nCol, zExpr, nExpr, &pExpr, &zDummy
    );
    assert( rc==SQLITE_OK || pExpr==0 );
    sqlite3_free(zDummy);
  }else{
................................................................................
    sqlite3_result_text(context, zBuf, -1, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
    sqlite3_free(zBuf);
  }

  sqlite3Fts3ExprFree(pExpr);

exprtest_out:
  if( pModule && pTokenizer ){
    rc = pModule->xDestroy(pTokenizer);
  }
  sqlite3_free(azCol);
}
















/*
** Register the query expression parser test function fts3_exprtest() 
** with database connection db. 
*/
int sqlite3Fts3ExprInitTestInterface(sqlite3* db){
  int rc = sqlite3_create_function(
      db, "fts3_exprtest", -1, SQLITE_UTF8, 0, fts3ExprTest, 0, 0
  );
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3_create_function(db, "fts3_exprtest_rebalance", 
        -1, SQLITE_UTF8, (void *)1, fts3ExprTest, 0, 0
    );
  }
  return rc;
}

#endif
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_CORE) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3) */







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<









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>








<
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|







 







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>





|

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|







1104
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1111
1112
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1114
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1117
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1209
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1211
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....
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1281
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1283
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1285
1286
1287
1288
1289
1290
1291
1292
** Everything after this point is just test code.
*/

#ifdef SQLITE_TEST

#include <stdio.h>





























/*
** Return a pointer to a buffer containing a text representation of the
** expression passed as the first argument. The buffer is obtained from
** sqlite3_malloc(). It is the responsibility of the caller to use 
** sqlite3_free() to release the memory. If an OOM condition is encountered,
** NULL is returned.
**
................................................................................
** to parse the query expression (see README.tokenizers). The second argument
** is the query expression to parse. Each subsequent argument is the name
** of a column of the fts3 table that the query expression may refer to.
** For example:
**
**   SELECT fts3_exprtest('simple', 'Bill col2:Bloggs', 'col1', 'col2');
*/
static void fts3ExprTestCommon(
  int bRebalance,
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){

  sqlite3_tokenizer *pTokenizer = 0;
  int rc;
  char **azCol = 0;
  const char *zExpr;
  int nExpr;
  int nCol;
  int ii;
  Fts3Expr *pExpr;
  char *zBuf = 0;
  Fts3Hash *pHash = (Fts3Hash*)sqlite3_user_data(context);
  const char *zTokenizer = 0;
  char *zErr = 0;

  if( argc<3 ){
    sqlite3_result_error(context, 
        "Usage: fts3_exprtest(tokenizer, expr, col1, ...", -1
    );
    return;
  }


  zTokenizer = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);
  rc = sqlite3Fts3InitTokenizer(pHash, zTokenizer, &pTokenizer, &zErr);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    if( rc==SQLITE_NOMEM ){
      sqlite3_result_error_nomem(context);

    }else{
      sqlite3_result_error(context, zErr, -1);

    }
    sqlite3_free(zErr);
    return;
  }








  zExpr = (const char *)sqlite3_value_text(argv[1]);
  nExpr = sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[1]);
  nCol = argc-2;
  azCol = (char **)sqlite3_malloc(nCol*sizeof(char *));
  if( !azCol ){
    sqlite3_result_error_nomem(context);
    goto exprtest_out;
  }
  for(ii=0; ii<nCol; ii++){
    azCol[ii] = (char *)sqlite3_value_text(argv[ii+2]);
  }

  if( bRebalance ){
    char *zDummy = 0;
    rc = sqlite3Fts3ExprParse(
        pTokenizer, 0, azCol, 0, nCol, nCol, zExpr, nExpr, &pExpr, &zDummy
    );
    assert( rc==SQLITE_OK || pExpr==0 );
    sqlite3_free(zDummy);
  }else{
................................................................................
    sqlite3_result_text(context, zBuf, -1, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
    sqlite3_free(zBuf);
  }

  sqlite3Fts3ExprFree(pExpr);

exprtest_out:
  if( pTokenizer ){
    rc = pTokenizer->pModule->xDestroy(pTokenizer);
  }
  sqlite3_free(azCol);
}

static void fts3ExprTest(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  fts3ExprTestCommon(0, context, argc, argv);
}
static void fts3ExprTestRebalance(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  fts3ExprTestCommon(1, context, argc, argv);
}

/*
** Register the query expression parser test function fts3_exprtest() 
** with database connection db. 
*/
int sqlite3Fts3ExprInitTestInterface(sqlite3 *db, Fts3Hash *pHash){
  int rc = sqlite3_create_function(
      db, "fts3_exprtest", -1, SQLITE_UTF8, (void*)pHash, fts3ExprTest, 0, 0
  );
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3_create_function(db, "fts3_exprtest_rebalance", 
        -1, SQLITE_UTF8, (void*)pHash, fts3ExprTestRebalance, 0, 0
    );
  }
  return rc;
}

#endif
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_CORE) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3) */

Changes to ext/fts5/test/fts5plan.test.

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  CREATE TABLE t1(x, y);
  CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE f1 USING fts5(ff);
}

do_eqp_test 1.1 {
  SELECT * FROM t1, f1 WHERE f1 MATCH t1.x
} {

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1} 
  0 1 1 {SCAN TABLE f1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 65537:}
}

do_eqp_test 1.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t1, f1 WHERE f1 > t1.x
} {

  0 0 1 {SCAN TABLE f1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 0:}
  0 1 0 {SCAN TABLE t1} 
}

do_eqp_test 1.3 {
  SELECT * FROM f1 WHERE f1 MATCH ? ORDER BY ff
} {

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE f1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 65537:}
  0 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
}

do_eqp_test 1.4 {
  SELECT * FROM f1 ORDER BY rank
} {

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE f1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 0:}
  0 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
}

do_eqp_test 1.5 {
  SELECT * FROM f1 WHERE rank MATCH ?
} {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE f1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:}
}




finish_test







>
|
|





>
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>
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>
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65
  CREATE TABLE t1(x, y);
  CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE f1 USING fts5(ff);
}

do_eqp_test 1.1 {
  SELECT * FROM t1, f1 WHERE f1 MATCH t1.x
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE t1
  `--SCAN TABLE f1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 65537:
}

do_eqp_test 1.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t1, f1 WHERE f1 > t1.x
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE f1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 0:
  `--SCAN TABLE t1
}

do_eqp_test 1.3 {
  SELECT * FROM f1 WHERE f1 MATCH ? ORDER BY ff
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE f1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 65537:
  `--USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY
}

do_eqp_test 1.4 {
  SELECT * FROM f1 ORDER BY rank
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE f1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 0:
  `--USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY
}

do_eqp_test 1.5 {
  SELECT * FROM f1 WHERE rank MATCH ?

} {SCAN TABLE f1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:}





finish_test

Changes to ext/misc/closure.c.

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static int closureBestIndex(
  sqlite3_vtab *pTab,             /* The virtual table */
  sqlite3_index_info *pIdxInfo    /* Information about the query */
){
  int iPlan = 0;
  int i;
  int idx = 1;
  int seenMatch = 0;
  const struct sqlite3_index_constraint *pConstraint;
  closure_vtab *pVtab = (closure_vtab*)pTab;
  double rCost = 10000000.0;

  pConstraint = pIdxInfo->aConstraint;
  for(i=0; i<pIdxInfo->nConstraint; i++, pConstraint++){
    if( pConstraint->iColumn==CLOSURE_COL_ROOT
     && pConstraint->op==SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_EQ ){
      seenMatch = 1;
    }
    if( pConstraint->usable==0 ) continue;
    if( (iPlan & 1)==0 
     && pConstraint->iColumn==CLOSURE_COL_ROOT
     && pConstraint->op==SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_EQ
    ){
      iPlan |= 1;
      pIdxInfo->aConstraintUsage[i].argvIndex = 1;
................................................................................
   || (pVtab->zIdColumn==0     && (iPlan & 0x00f000)==0)
   || (pVtab->zParentColumn==0 && (iPlan & 0x0f0000)==0)
  ){
    /* All of tablename, idcolumn, and parentcolumn must be specified
    ** in either the CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE or in the WHERE clause constraints
    ** or else the result is an empty set. */
    iPlan = 0;












  }
  pIdxInfo->idxNum = iPlan;
  if( pIdxInfo->nOrderBy==1
   && pIdxInfo->aOrderBy[0].iColumn==CLOSURE_COL_ID
   && pIdxInfo->aOrderBy[0].desc==0
  ){
    pIdxInfo->orderByConsumed = 1;
  }
  if( seenMatch && (iPlan&1)==0 ) rCost *= 1e30;
  pIdxInfo->estimatedCost = rCost;
   
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** A virtual table module that implements the "transitive_closure".







<






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<







 







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static int closureBestIndex(
  sqlite3_vtab *pTab,             /* The virtual table */
  sqlite3_index_info *pIdxInfo    /* Information about the query */
){
  int iPlan = 0;
  int i;
  int idx = 1;

  const struct sqlite3_index_constraint *pConstraint;
  closure_vtab *pVtab = (closure_vtab*)pTab;
  double rCost = 10000000.0;

  pConstraint = pIdxInfo->aConstraint;
  for(i=0; i<pIdxInfo->nConstraint; i++, pConstraint++){




    if( pConstraint->usable==0 ) continue;
    if( (iPlan & 1)==0 
     && pConstraint->iColumn==CLOSURE_COL_ROOT
     && pConstraint->op==SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_EQ
    ){
      iPlan |= 1;
      pIdxInfo->aConstraintUsage[i].argvIndex = 1;
................................................................................
   || (pVtab->zIdColumn==0     && (iPlan & 0x00f000)==0)
   || (pVtab->zParentColumn==0 && (iPlan & 0x0f0000)==0)
  ){
    /* All of tablename, idcolumn, and parentcolumn must be specified
    ** in either the CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE or in the WHERE clause constraints
    ** or else the result is an empty set. */
    iPlan = 0;
  }
  if( (iPlan&1)==0 ){
    /* If there is no usable "root=?" term, then set the index-type to 0.
    ** Also clear any argvIndex variables already set. This is necessary
    ** to prevent the core from throwing an "xBestIndex malfunction error"
    ** error (because the argvIndex values are not contiguously assigned
    ** starting from 1).  */
    rCost *= 1e30;
    for(i=0; i<pIdxInfo->nConstraint; i++, pConstraint++){
      pIdxInfo->aConstraintUsage[i].argvIndex = 0;
    }
    iPlan = 0;
  }
  pIdxInfo->idxNum = iPlan;
  if( pIdxInfo->nOrderBy==1
   && pIdxInfo->aOrderBy[0].iColumn==CLOSURE_COL_ID
   && pIdxInfo->aOrderBy[0].desc==0
  ){
    pIdxInfo->orderByConsumed = 1;
  }

  pIdxInfo->estimatedCost = rCost;
   
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** A virtual table module that implements the "transitive_closure".

Changes to ext/misc/completion.c.

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struct completion_cursor {
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor base;  /* Base class - must be first */
  sqlite3 *db;               /* Database connection for this cursor */
  int nPrefix, nLine;        /* Number of bytes in zPrefix and zLine */
  char *zPrefix;             /* The prefix for the word we want to complete */
  char *zLine;               /* The whole that we want to complete */
  const char *zCurrentRow;   /* Current output row */

  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt;       /* Current statement */
  sqlite3_int64 iRowid;      /* The rowid */
  int ePhase;                /* Current phase */
  int j;                     /* inter-phase counter */
};

/* Values for ePhase:
................................................................................
*/
static int completionClose(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *cur){
  completionCursorReset((completion_cursor*)cur);
  sqlite3_free(cur);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** All SQL keywords understood by SQLite
*/
static const char *completionKwrds[] = {
  "ABORT", "ACTION", "ADD", "AFTER", "ALL", "ALTER", "ANALYZE", "AND", "AS",
  "ASC", "ATTACH", "AUTOINCREMENT", "BEFORE", "BEGIN", "BETWEEN", "BY",
  "CASCADE", "CASE", "CAST", "CHECK", "COLLATE", "COLUMN", "COMMIT",
  "CONFLICT", "CONSTRAINT", "CREATE", "CROSS", "CURRENT_DATE",
  "CURRENT_TIME", "CURRENT_TIMESTAMP", "DATABASE", "DEFAULT", "DEFERRABLE",
  "DEFERRED", "DELETE", "DESC", "DETACH", "DISTINCT", "DROP", "EACH",
  "ELSE", "END", "ESCAPE", "EXCEPT", "EXCLUSIVE", "EXISTS", "EXPLAIN",
  "FAIL", "FOR", "FOREIGN", "FROM", "FULL", "GLOB", "GROUP", "HAVING", "IF",
  "IGNORE", "IMMEDIATE", "IN", "INDEX", "INDEXED", "INITIALLY", "INNER",
  "INSERT", "INSTEAD", "INTERSECT", "INTO", "IS", "ISNULL", "JOIN", "KEY",
  "LEFT", "LIKE", "LIMIT", "MATCH", "NATURAL", "NO", "NOT", "NOTNULL",
  "NULL", "OF", "OFFSET", "ON", "OR", "ORDER", "OUTER", "PLAN", "PRAGMA",
  "PRIMARY", "QUERY", "RAISE", "RECURSIVE", "REFERENCES", "REGEXP",
  "REINDEX", "RELEASE", "RENAME", "REPLACE", "RESTRICT", "RIGHT",
  "ROLLBACK", "ROW", "SAVEPOINT", "SELECT", "SET", "TABLE", "TEMP",
  "TEMPORARY", "THEN", "TO", "TRANSACTION", "TRIGGER", "UNION", "UNIQUE",
  "UPDATE", "USING", "VACUUM", "VALUES", "VIEW", "VIRTUAL", "WHEN", "WHERE",
  "WITH", "WITHOUT",
};
#define completionKwCount \
   (int)(sizeof(completionKwrds)/sizeof(completionKwrds[0]))

/*
** Advance a completion_cursor to its next row of output.
**
** The ->ePhase, ->j, and ->pStmt fields of the completion_cursor object
** record the current state of the scan.  This routine sets ->zCurrentRow
** to the current row of output and then returns.  If no more rows remain,
** then ->ePhase is set to COMPLETION_EOF which will signal the virtual
................................................................................
  completion_cursor *pCur = (completion_cursor*)cur;
  int eNextPhase = 0;  /* Next phase to try if current phase reaches end */
  int iCol = -1;       /* If >=0, step pCur->pStmt and use the i-th column */
  pCur->iRowid++;
  while( pCur->ePhase!=COMPLETION_EOF ){
    switch( pCur->ePhase ){
      case COMPLETION_KEYWORDS: {
        if( pCur->j >= completionKwCount ){
          pCur->zCurrentRow = 0;
          pCur->ePhase = COMPLETION_DATABASES;
        }else{
          pCur->zCurrentRow = completionKwrds[pCur->j++];
        }
        iCol = -1;
        break;
      }
      case COMPLETION_DATABASES: {
        if( pCur->pStmt==0 ){
          sqlite3_prepare_v2(pCur->db, "PRAGMA database_list", -1,
................................................................................
    if( iCol<0 ){
      /* This case is when the phase presets zCurrentRow */
      if( pCur->zCurrentRow==0 ) continue;
    }else{
      if( sqlite3_step(pCur->pStmt)==SQLITE_ROW ){
        /* Extract the next row of content */
        pCur->zCurrentRow = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pCur->pStmt, iCol);

      }else{
        /* When all rows are finished, advance to the next phase */
        sqlite3_finalize(pCur->pStmt);
        pCur->pStmt = 0;
        pCur->ePhase = eNextPhase;
        continue;
      }
    }
    if( pCur->nPrefix==0 ) break;

    if( sqlite3_strnicmp(pCur->zPrefix, pCur->zCurrentRow, pCur->nPrefix)==0 ){

      break;
    }
  }

  return SQLITE_OK;
}

................................................................................
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor *cur,   /* The cursor */
  sqlite3_context *ctx,       /* First argument to sqlite3_result_...() */
  int i                       /* Which column to return */
){
  completion_cursor *pCur = (completion_cursor*)cur;
  switch( i ){
    case COMPLETION_COLUMN_CANDIDATE: {
      sqlite3_result_text(ctx, pCur->zCurrentRow, -1, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
      break;
    }
    case COMPLETION_COLUMN_PREFIX: {
      sqlite3_result_text(ctx, pCur->zPrefix, -1, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
      break;
    }
    case COMPLETION_COLUMN_WHOLELINE: {







>







 







<
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|



|







 







>









>
|
>







 







|







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59
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72
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struct completion_cursor {
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor base;  /* Base class - must be first */
  sqlite3 *db;               /* Database connection for this cursor */
  int nPrefix, nLine;        /* Number of bytes in zPrefix and zLine */
  char *zPrefix;             /* The prefix for the word we want to complete */
  char *zLine;               /* The whole that we want to complete */
  const char *zCurrentRow;   /* Current output row */
  int szRow;                 /* Length of the zCurrentRow string */
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt;       /* Current statement */
  sqlite3_int64 iRowid;      /* The rowid */
  int ePhase;                /* Current phase */
  int j;                     /* inter-phase counter */
};

/* Values for ePhase:
................................................................................
*/
static int completionClose(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *cur){
  completionCursorReset((completion_cursor*)cur);
  sqlite3_free(cur);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}



























/*
** Advance a completion_cursor to its next row of output.
**
** The ->ePhase, ->j, and ->pStmt fields of the completion_cursor object
** record the current state of the scan.  This routine sets ->zCurrentRow
** to the current row of output and then returns.  If no more rows remain,
** then ->ePhase is set to COMPLETION_EOF which will signal the virtual
................................................................................
  completion_cursor *pCur = (completion_cursor*)cur;
  int eNextPhase = 0;  /* Next phase to try if current phase reaches end */
  int iCol = -1;       /* If >=0, step pCur->pStmt and use the i-th column */
  pCur->iRowid++;
  while( pCur->ePhase!=COMPLETION_EOF ){
    switch( pCur->ePhase ){
      case COMPLETION_KEYWORDS: {
        if( pCur->j >= sqlite3_keyword_count() ){
          pCur->zCurrentRow = 0;
          pCur->ePhase = COMPLETION_DATABASES;
        }else{
          sqlite3_keyword_name(pCur->j++, &pCur->zCurrentRow, &pCur->szRow);
        }
        iCol = -1;
        break;
      }
      case COMPLETION_DATABASES: {
        if( pCur->pStmt==0 ){
          sqlite3_prepare_v2(pCur->db, "PRAGMA database_list", -1,
................................................................................
    if( iCol<0 ){
      /* This case is when the phase presets zCurrentRow */
      if( pCur->zCurrentRow==0 ) continue;
    }else{
      if( sqlite3_step(pCur->pStmt)==SQLITE_ROW ){
        /* Extract the next row of content */
        pCur->zCurrentRow = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pCur->pStmt, iCol);
        pCur->szRow = sqlite3_column_bytes(pCur->pStmt, iCol);
      }else{
        /* When all rows are finished, advance to the next phase */
        sqlite3_finalize(pCur->pStmt);
        pCur->pStmt = 0;
        pCur->ePhase = eNextPhase;
        continue;
      }
    }
    if( pCur->nPrefix==0 ) break;
    if( pCur->nPrefix<=pCur->szRow
     && sqlite3_strnicmp(pCur->zPrefix, pCur->zCurrentRow, pCur->nPrefix)==0
    ){
      break;
    }
  }

  return SQLITE_OK;
}

................................................................................
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor *cur,   /* The cursor */
  sqlite3_context *ctx,       /* First argument to sqlite3_result_...() */
  int i                       /* Which column to return */
){
  completion_cursor *pCur = (completion_cursor*)cur;
  switch( i ){
    case COMPLETION_COLUMN_CANDIDATE: {
      sqlite3_result_text(ctx, pCur->zCurrentRow, pCur->szRow,SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
      break;
    }
    case COMPLETION_COLUMN_PREFIX: {
      sqlite3_result_text(ctx, pCur->zPrefix, -1, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
      break;
    }
    case COMPLETION_COLUMN_WHOLELINE: {

Changes to ext/misc/csv.c.

128
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134

135
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137
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141
    p->zIn = sqlite3_malloc( CSV_INBUFSZ );
    if( p->zIn==0 ){
      csv_errmsg(p, "out of memory");
      return 1;
    }
    p->in = fopen(zFilename, "rb");
    if( p->in==0 ){

      csv_reader_reset(p);
      csv_errmsg(p, "cannot open '%s' for reading", zFilename);
      return 1;
    }
  }else{
    assert( p->in==0 );
    p->zIn = (char*)zData;







>







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142
    p->zIn = sqlite3_malloc( CSV_INBUFSZ );
    if( p->zIn==0 ){
      csv_errmsg(p, "out of memory");
      return 1;
    }
    p->in = fopen(zFilename, "rb");
    if( p->in==0 ){
      sqlite3_free(p->zIn);
      csv_reader_reset(p);
      csv_errmsg(p, "cannot open '%s' for reading", zFilename);
      return 1;
    }
  }else{
    assert( p->in==0 );
    p->zIn = (char*)zData;

Changes to ext/misc/dbdump.c.

137
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** because it contains non-alphanumeric characters, or because it is an
** SQLite keyword.  Be conservative in this estimate:  When in doubt assume
** that quoting is required.
**
** Return '"' if quoting is required.  Return 0 if no quoting is required.
*/
static char quoteChar(const char *zName){
  /* All SQLite keywords, in alphabetical order */
  static const char *azKeywords[] = {
    "ABORT", "ACTION", "ADD", "AFTER", "ALL", "ALTER", "ANALYZE", "AND", "AS",
    "ASC", "ATTACH", "AUTOINCREMENT", "BEFORE", "BEGIN", "BETWEEN", "BY",
    "CASCADE", "CASE", "CAST", "CHECK", "COLLATE", "COLUMN", "COMMIT",
    "CONFLICT", "CONSTRAINT", "CREATE", "CROSS", "CURRENT_DATE",
    "CURRENT_TIME", "CURRENT_TIMESTAMP", "DATABASE", "DEFAULT", "DEFERRABLE",
    "DEFERRED", "DELETE", "DESC", "DETACH", "DISTINCT", "DROP", "EACH",
    "ELSE", "END", "ESCAPE", "EXCEPT", "EXCLUSIVE", "EXISTS", "EXPLAIN",
    "FAIL", "FOR", "FOREIGN", "FROM", "FULL", "GLOB", "GROUP", "HAVING", "IF",
    "IGNORE", "IMMEDIATE", "IN", "INDEX", "INDEXED", "INITIALLY", "INNER",
    "INSERT", "INSTEAD", "INTERSECT", "INTO", "IS", "ISNULL", "JOIN", "KEY",
    "LEFT", "LIKE", "LIMIT", "MATCH", "NATURAL", "NO", "NOT", "NOTNULL",
    "NULL", "OF", "OFFSET", "ON", "OR", "ORDER", "OUTER", "PLAN", "PRAGMA",
    "PRIMARY", "QUERY", "RAISE", "RECURSIVE", "REFERENCES", "REGEXP",
    "REINDEX", "RELEASE", "RENAME", "REPLACE", "RESTRICT", "RIGHT",
    "ROLLBACK", "ROW", "SAVEPOINT", "SELECT", "SET", "TABLE", "TEMP",
    "TEMPORARY", "THEN", "TO", "TRANSACTION", "TRIGGER", "UNION", "UNIQUE",
    "UPDATE", "USING", "VACUUM", "VALUES", "VIEW", "VIRTUAL", "WHEN", "WHERE",
    "WITH", "WITHOUT",
  };
  int i, lwr, upr, mid, c;
  if( !isalpha((unsigned char)zName[0]) && zName[0]!='_' ) return '"';
  for(i=0; zName[i]; i++){
    if( !isalnum((unsigned char)zName[i]) && zName[i]!='_' ) return '"';
  }
  lwr = 0;
  upr = sizeof(azKeywords)/sizeof(azKeywords[0]) - 1;
  while( lwr<=upr ){
    mid = (lwr+upr)/2;
    c = sqlite3_stricmp(azKeywords[mid], zName);
    if( c==0 ) return '"';
    if( c<0 ){
      lwr = mid+1;
    }else{
      upr = mid-1;
    }
  }
  return 0;

}


/*
** Release memory previously allocated by tableColumnList().
*/
static void freeColumnList(char **azCol){







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** because it contains non-alphanumeric characters, or because it is an
** SQLite keyword.  Be conservative in this estimate:  When in doubt assume
** that quoting is required.
**
** Return '"' if quoting is required.  Return 0 if no quoting is required.
*/
static char quoteChar(const char *zName){
  int i;





















  if( !isalpha((unsigned char)zName[0]) && zName[0]!='_' ) return '"';
  for(i=0; zName[i]; i++){
    if( !isalnum((unsigned char)zName[i]) && zName[i]!='_' ) return '"';
  }













  return sqlite3_keyword_check(zName, i) ? '"' : 0;
}


/*
** Release memory previously allocated by tableColumnList().
*/
static void freeColumnList(char **azCol){

Added ext/misc/templatevtab.c.























































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































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/*
** 2018-04-19
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
**
** This file implements a template virtual-table.
** Developers can make a copy of this file as a baseline for writing
** new virtual tables and/or table-valued functions.
**
** Steps for writing a new virtual table implementation:
**
**     (1)  Make a copy of this file.  Perhaps call it "mynewvtab.c"
**
**     (2)  Replace this header comment with something appropriate for
**          the new virtual table
**
**     (3)  Change every occurrence of "templatevtab" to some other string
**          appropriate for the new virtual table.  Ideally, the new string
**          should be the basename of the source file: "mynewvtab".  Also
**          globally change "TEMPLATEVTAB" to "MYNEWVTAB".
**
**     (4)  Run a test compilation to make sure the unmodified virtual
**          table works.
**
**     (5)  Begin making incremental changes, testing as you go, to evolve
**          the new virtual table to do what you want it to do.
**
** This template is minimal, in the sense that it uses only the required
** methods on the sqlite3_module object.  As a result, templatevtab is
** a read-only and eponymous-only table.  Those limitation can be removed
** by adding new methods.
**
** This template implements an eponymous-only virtual table with a rowid and
** two columns named "a" and "b".  The table as 10 rows with fixed integer
** values. Usage example:
**
**     SELECT rowid, a, b FROM templatevtab;
*/
#if !defined(SQLITEINT_H)
#include "sqlite3ext.h"
#endif
SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT1
#include <string.h>
#include <assert.h>

/* templatevtab_vtab is a subclass of sqlite3_vtab which is
** underlying representation of the virtual table
*/
typedef struct templatevtab_vtab templatevtab_vtab;
struct templatevtab_vtab {
  sqlite3_vtab base;  /* Base class - must be first */
  /* Add new fields here, as necessary */
};

/* templatevtab_cursor is a subclass of sqlite3_vtab_cursor which will
** serve as the underlying representation of a cursor that scans
** over rows of the result
*/
typedef struct templatevtab_cursor templatevtab_cursor;
struct templatevtab_cursor {
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor base;  /* Base class - must be first */
  /* Insert new fields here.  For this templatevtab we only keep track
  ** of the rowid */
  sqlite3_int64 iRowid;      /* The rowid */
};

/*
** The templatevtabConnect() method is invoked to create a new
** template virtual table.
**
** Think of this routine as the constructor for templatevtab_vtab objects.
**
** All this routine needs to do is:
**
**    (1) Allocate the templatevtab_vtab object and initialize all fields.
**
**    (2) Tell SQLite (via the sqlite3_declare_vtab() interface) what the
**        result set of queries against the virtual table will look like.
*/
static int templatevtabConnect(
  sqlite3 *db,
  void *pAux,
  int argc, const char *const*argv,
  sqlite3_vtab **ppVtab,
  char **pzErr
){
  templatevtab_vtab *pNew;
  int rc;

  rc = sqlite3_declare_vtab(db,
           "CREATE TABLE x(a,b)"
       );
  /* For convenience, define symbolic names for the index to each column. */
#define TEMPLATEVTAB_A  0
#define TEMPLATEVTAB_B  1
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    pNew = sqlite3_malloc( sizeof(*pNew) );
    *ppVtab = (sqlite3_vtab*)pNew;
    if( pNew==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    memset(pNew, 0, sizeof(*pNew));
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** This method is the destructor for templatevtab_vtab objects.
*/
static int templatevtabDisconnect(sqlite3_vtab *pVtab){
  templatevtab_vtab *p = (templatevtab_vtab*)pVtab;
  sqlite3_free(p);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Constructor for a new templatevtab_cursor object.
*/
static int templatevtabOpen(sqlite3_vtab *p, sqlite3_vtab_cursor **ppCursor){
  templatevtab_cursor *pCur;
  pCur = sqlite3_malloc( sizeof(*pCur) );
  if( pCur==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  memset(pCur, 0, sizeof(*pCur));
  *ppCursor = &pCur->base;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Destructor for a templatevtab_cursor.
*/
static int templatevtabClose(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *cur){
  templatevtab_cursor *pCur = (templatevtab_cursor*)cur;
  sqlite3_free(pCur);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}


/*
** Advance a templatevtab_cursor to its next row of output.
*/
static int templatevtabNext(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *cur){
  templatevtab_cursor *pCur = (templatevtab_cursor*)cur;
  pCur->iRowid++;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Return values of columns for the row at which the templatevtab_cursor
** is currently pointing.
*/
static int templatevtabColumn(
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor *cur,   /* The cursor */
  sqlite3_context *ctx,       /* First argument to sqlite3_result_...() */
  int i                       /* Which column to return */
){
  templatevtab_cursor *pCur = (templatevtab_cursor*)cur;
  switch( i ){
    case TEMPLATEVTAB_A:
      sqlite3_result_int(ctx, 1000 + pCur->iRowid);
      break;
    default:
      assert( i==TEMPLATEVTAB_B );
      sqlite3_result_int(ctx, 2000 + pCur->iRowid);
      break;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Return the rowid for the current row.  In this implementation, the
** rowid is the same as the output value.
*/
static int templatevtabRowid(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *cur, sqlite_int64 *pRowid){
  templatevtab_cursor *pCur = (templatevtab_cursor*)cur;
  *pRowid = pCur->iRowid;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Return TRUE if the cursor has been moved off of the last
** row of output.
*/
static int templatevtabEof(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *cur){
  templatevtab_cursor *pCur = (templatevtab_cursor*)cur;
  return pCur->iRowid>=10;
}

/*
** This method is called to "rewind" the templatevtab_cursor object back
** to the first row of output.  This method is always called at least
** once prior to any call to templatevtabColumn() or templatevtabRowid() or 
** templatevtabEof().
*/
static int templatevtabFilter(
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pVtabCursor, 
  int idxNum, const char *idxStr,
  int argc, sqlite3_value **argv
){
  templatevtab_cursor *pCur = (templatevtab_cursor *)pVtabCursor;
  pCur->iRowid = 1;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** SQLite will invoke this method one or more times while planning a query
** that uses the virtual table.  This routine needs to create
** a query plan for each invocation and compute an estimated cost for that
** plan.
*/
static int templatevtabBestIndex(
  sqlite3_vtab *tab,
  sqlite3_index_info *pIdxInfo
){
  pIdxInfo->estimatedCost = (double)10;
  pIdxInfo->estimatedRows = 10;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** This following structure defines all the methods for the 
** virtual table.
*/
static sqlite3_module templatevtabModule = {
  /* iVersion    */ 0,
  /* xCreate     */ 0,
  /* xConnect    */ templatevtabConnect,
  /* xBestIndex  */ templatevtabBestIndex,
  /* xDisconnect */ templatevtabDisconnect,
  /* xDestroy    */ 0,
  /* xOpen       */ templatevtabOpen,
  /* xClose      */ templatevtabClose,
  /* xFilter     */ templatevtabFilter,
  /* xNext       */ templatevtabNext,
  /* xEof        */ templatevtabEof,
  /* xColumn     */ templatevtabColumn,
  /* xRowid      */ templatevtabRowid,
  /* xUpdate     */ 0,
  /* xBegin      */ 0,
  /* xSync       */ 0,
  /* xCommit     */ 0,
  /* xRollback   */ 0,
  /* xFindMethod */ 0,
  /* xRename     */ 0,
  /* xSavepoint  */ 0,
  /* xRelease    */ 0,
  /* xRollbackTo */ 0
};


#ifdef _WIN32
__declspec(dllexport)
#endif
int sqlite3_templatevtab_init(
  sqlite3 *db, 
  char **pzErrMsg, 
  const sqlite3_api_routines *pApi
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT2(pApi);
  rc = sqlite3_create_module(db, "templatevtab", &templatevtabModule, 0);
  return rc;
}

Changes to ext/rbu/rbu.c.

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void usage(const char *zArgv0){
  fprintf(stderr, 
"Usage: %s ?OPTIONS? TARGET-DB RBU-DB\n"
"\n"
"Where options are:\n"
"\n"
"    -step NSTEP\n"

"    -vacuum\n"

"\n"
"  If the -vacuum switch is not present, argument RBU-DB must be an RBU\n"
"  database containing an update suitable for target database TARGET-DB.\n"
"  Or, if -vacuum is specified, then TARGET-DB is a database to vacuum using\n"
"  RBU, and RBU-DB is used as the state database for the vacuum (refer to\n"
"  API documentation for details).\n"
"\n"
................................................................................
  int i;
  const char *zTarget;            /* Target database to apply RBU to */
  const char *zRbu;               /* Database containing RBU */
  char zBuf[200];                 /* Buffer for printf() */
  char *zErrmsg;                  /* Error message, if any */
  sqlite3rbu *pRbu;               /* RBU handle */
  int nStep = 0;                  /* Maximum number of step() calls */

  int bVacuum = 0;

  int rc;
  sqlite3_int64 nProgress = 0;
  int nArgc = argc-2;

  if( argc<3 ) usage(argv[0]);
  for(i=1; i<nArgc; i++){
    const char *zArg = argv[i];
    int nArg = strlen(zArg);
    if( nArg>1 && nArg<=8 && 0==memcmp(zArg, "-vacuum", nArg) ){
      bVacuum = 1;




    }else if( nArg>1 && nArg<=5 && 0==memcmp(zArg, "-step", nArg) && i<nArg-1 ){
      i++;
      nStep = atoi(argv[i]);





    }else{
      usage(argv[0]);
    }
  }

  zTarget = argv[argc-2];
  zRbu = argv[argc-1];
................................................................................
  ** regular RBU update handle otherwise.  */
  if( bVacuum ){
    pRbu = sqlite3rbu_vacuum(zTarget, zRbu);
  }else{
    pRbu = sqlite3rbu_open(zTarget, zRbu, 0);
  }
  report_rbu_vfs(pRbu);










  /* If nStep is less than or equal to zero, call
  ** sqlite3rbu_step() until either the RBU has been completely applied
  ** or an error occurs. Or, if nStep is greater than zero, call
  ** sqlite3rbu_step() a maximum of nStep times.  */

  for(i=0; (nStep<=0 || i<nStep) && sqlite3rbu_step(pRbu)==SQLITE_OK; i++);
















  nProgress = sqlite3rbu_progress(pRbu);
  rc = sqlite3rbu_close(pRbu, &zErrmsg);


  /* Let the user know what happened. */
  switch( rc ){
    case SQLITE_OK:
      sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zBuf), zBuf,
          "SQLITE_OK: rbu update incomplete (%lld operations so far)\n",
          nProgress







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void usage(const char *zArgv0){
  fprintf(stderr, 
"Usage: %s ?OPTIONS? TARGET-DB RBU-DB\n"
"\n"
"Where options are:\n"
"\n"
"    -step NSTEP\n"
"    -statstep NSTATSTEP\n"
"    -vacuum\n"
"    -presql SQL\n"
"\n"
"  If the -vacuum switch is not present, argument RBU-DB must be an RBU\n"
"  database containing an update suitable for target database TARGET-DB.\n"
"  Or, if -vacuum is specified, then TARGET-DB is a database to vacuum using\n"
"  RBU, and RBU-DB is used as the state database for the vacuum (refer to\n"
"  API documentation for details).\n"
"\n"
................................................................................
  int i;
  const char *zTarget;            /* Target database to apply RBU to */
  const char *zRbu;               /* Database containing RBU */
  char zBuf[200];                 /* Buffer for printf() */
  char *zErrmsg;                  /* Error message, if any */
  sqlite3rbu *pRbu;               /* RBU handle */
  int nStep = 0;                  /* Maximum number of step() calls */
  int nStatStep = 0;              /* Report stats after this many step calls */
  int bVacuum = 0;
  const char *zPreSql = 0;
  int rc;
  sqlite3_int64 nProgress = 0;
  int nArgc = argc-2;

  if( argc<3 ) usage(argv[0]);
  for(i=1; i<nArgc; i++){
    const char *zArg = argv[i];
    int nArg = strlen(zArg);
    if( nArg>1 && nArg<=8 && 0==memcmp(zArg, "-vacuum", nArg) ){
      bVacuum = 1;
    }else if( nArg>1 && nArg<=7 
           && 0==memcmp(zArg, "-presql", nArg) && i<nArg-1 ){
      i++;
      zPreSql = argv[i];
    }else if( nArg>1 && nArg<=5 && 0==memcmp(zArg, "-step", nArg) && i<nArg-1 ){
      i++;
      nStep = atoi(argv[i]);
    }else if( nArg>1 && nArg<=9 
           && 0==memcmp(zArg, "-statstep", nArg) && i<nArg-1 
    ){
      i++;
      nStatStep = atoi(argv[i]);
    }else{
      usage(argv[0]);
    }
  }

  zTarget = argv[argc-2];
  zRbu = argv[argc-1];
................................................................................
  ** regular RBU update handle otherwise.  */
  if( bVacuum ){
    pRbu = sqlite3rbu_vacuum(zTarget, zRbu);
  }else{
    pRbu = sqlite3rbu_open(zTarget, zRbu, 0);
  }
  report_rbu_vfs(pRbu);

  if( zPreSql && pRbu ){
    sqlite3 *db = sqlite3rbu_db(pRbu, 0);
    rc = sqlite3_exec(db, zPreSql, 0, 0, 0);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      sqlite3 *db = sqlite3rbu_db(pRbu, 1);
      rc = sqlite3_exec(db, zPreSql, 0, 0, 0);
    }
  }

  /* If nStep is less than or equal to zero, call
  ** sqlite3rbu_step() until either the RBU has been completely applied
  ** or an error occurs. Or, if nStep is greater than zero, call
  ** sqlite3rbu_step() a maximum of nStep times.  */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    for(i=0; (nStep<=0 || i<nStep) && sqlite3rbu_step(pRbu)==SQLITE_OK; i++){
      if( nStatStep>0 && (i % nStatStep)==0 ){
        sqlite3_int64 nUsed;
        sqlite3_int64 nHighwater;
        sqlite3_status64(SQLITE_STATUS_MEMORY_USED, &nUsed, &nHighwater, 0);
        fprintf(stdout, "memory used=%lld highwater=%lld", nUsed, nHighwater);
        if( bVacuum==0 ){
          int one;
          int two;
          sqlite3rbu_bp_progress(pRbu, &one, &two);
          fprintf(stdout, "  progress=%d/%d\n", one, two);
        }else{
          fprintf(stdout, "\n");
        }
        fflush(stdout);
      }
    }
    nProgress = sqlite3rbu_progress(pRbu);
    rc = sqlite3rbu_close(pRbu, &zErrmsg);
  }

  /* Let the user know what happened. */
  switch( rc ){
    case SQLITE_OK:
      sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zBuf), zBuf,
          "SQLITE_OK: rbu update incomplete (%lld operations so far)\n",
          nProgress

Changes to ext/rbu/rbu1.test.

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} {

  eval $create_vfs

  foreach {tn2 cmd} {
      1 run_rbu 
      2 step_rbu 3 step_rbu_uri 4 step_rbu_state

  } {
    foreach {tn schema} {
      1 {
        CREATE TABLE t1(a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, b, c);
      }
      2 { 
        CREATE TABLE t1(a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, b, c);







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} {

  eval $create_vfs

  foreach {tn2 cmd} {
      1 run_rbu 
      2 step_rbu 3 step_rbu_uri 4 step_rbu_state
      5 step_rbu_legacy
  } {
    foreach {tn schema} {
      1 {
        CREATE TABLE t1(a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, b, c);
      }
      2 { 
        CREATE TABLE t1(a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, b, c);

Changes to ext/rbu/rbu_common.tcl.

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    set rc [rbu step]
    check_poststep_state $rc $target $state
    rbu close
    if {$rc != "SQLITE_OK"} break
  }
  set rc
}

















proc do_rbu_vacuum_test {tn step} {
  forcedelete state.db
  uplevel [list do_test $tn.1 {
    if {$step==0} { sqlite3rbu_vacuum rbu test.db state.db }
    while 1 {
      if {$step==1} { sqlite3rbu_vacuum rbu test.db state.db }







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    set rc [rbu step]
    check_poststep_state $rc $target $state
    rbu close
    if {$rc != "SQLITE_OK"} break
  }
  set rc
}

proc step_rbu_legacy {target rbu} {
  while 1 {
    sqlite3rbu rbu $target $rbu
    set state [rbu state]
    check_prestep_state $target $state
    set rc [rbu step]
    check_poststep_state $rc $target $state
    rbu close
    if {$rc != "SQLITE_OK"} break
    sqlite3 tmpdb $rbu
    tmpdb eval { DELETE FROM rbu_state WHERE k==10 }
    tmpdb close
  }
  set rc
}

proc do_rbu_vacuum_test {tn step} {
  forcedelete state.db
  uplevel [list do_test $tn.1 {
    if {$step==0} { sqlite3rbu_vacuum rbu test.db state.db }
    while 1 {
      if {$step==1} { sqlite3rbu_vacuum rbu test.db state.db }

Added ext/rbu/rbusplit.test.































































































































































































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# 2018 April 28
#
# The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
# a legal notice, here is a blessing:
#
#    May you do good and not evil.
#    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
#    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
#
#***********************************************************************
#
#

source [file join [file dirname [info script]] rbu_common.tcl]
set ::testprefix rbusplit

db close
sqlite3_shutdown
sqlite3_config_uri 1

autoinstall_test_functions

proc build_db {db} {
  $db eval {
    CREATE TABLE t1(a PRIMARY KEY, b, c);
    CREATE TABLE t2(a PRIMARY KEY, b, c);

    CREATE INDEX t1c ON t1(c);
  }
}

proc build_rbu {filename} {
  forcedelete $filename
  sqlite3 dbRbu $filename
  dbRbu eval {
    CREATE TABLE data0_t1(a, b, c, rbu_control);
    CREATE TABLE data1_t1(a, b, c, rbu_control);
    CREATE TABLE data2_t1(a, b, c, rbu_control);
    CREATE TABLE data3_t1(a, b, c, rbu_control);

    CREATE TABLE data_t2(a, b, c, rbu_control);

    INSERT INTO data0_t1 VALUES(1, 1, 1, 0);
    INSERT INTO data0_t1 VALUES(2, 2, 2, 0);
    INSERT INTO data0_t1 VALUES(3, 3, 3, 0);
    INSERT INTO data0_t1 VALUES(4, 4, 4, 0);
    INSERT INTO data1_t1 VALUES(5, 5, 5, 0);
    INSERT INTO data1_t1 VALUES(6, 6, 6, 0);
    INSERT INTO data1_t1 VALUES(7, 7, 7, 0);
    INSERT INTO data1_t1 VALUES(8, 8, 8, 0);
    INSERT INTO data3_t1 VALUES(9, 9, 9, 0);

    INSERT INTO data_t2 VALUES(1, 1, 1, 0);
    INSERT INTO data_t2 VALUES(2, 2, 2, 0);
    INSERT INTO data_t2 VALUES(3, 3, 3, 0);
    INSERT INTO data_t2 VALUES(4, 4, 4, 0);
    INSERT INTO data_t2 VALUES(5, 5, 5, 0);
    INSERT INTO data_t2 VALUES(6, 6, 6, 0);
    INSERT INTO data_t2 VALUES(7, 7, 7, 0);
    INSERT INTO data_t2 VALUES(8, 8, 8, 0);
    INSERT INTO data_t2 VALUES(9, 9, 9, 0);
  }
  
  dbRbu close
}

foreach {tn cmd} {
  1 run_rbu
  2 step_rbu
} {
  reset_db
  build_db db
  build_rbu testrbu.db

  do_test 1.$tn.1 {
    $cmd test.db testrbu.db
  } {SQLITE_DONE}
  do_execsql_test 1.$tn.1 {
    SELECT * FROM t1;
  } {
    1 1 1 2 2 2 3 3 3 4 4 4
    5 5 5 6 6 6 7 7 7 8 8 8
    9 9 9
  }
  do_execsql_test 1.$tn.2 {
    SELECT * FROM t2;
  } {
    1 1 1 2 2 2 3 3 3 4 4 4
    5 5 5 6 6 6 7 7 7 8 8 8
    9 9 9
  }
}

finish_test

Changes to ext/rbu/sqlite3rbu.c.

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**
** RBU_STATE_COOKIE:
**   Valid if STAGE==1. The current change-counter cookie value in the 
**   target db file.
**
** RBU_STATE_OALSZ:
**   Valid if STAGE==1. The size in bytes of the *-oal file.




*/
#define RBU_STATE_STAGE        1
#define RBU_STATE_TBL          2
#define RBU_STATE_IDX          3
#define RBU_STATE_ROW          4
#define RBU_STATE_PROGRESS     5
#define RBU_STATE_CKPT         6
#define RBU_STATE_COOKIE       7
#define RBU_STATE_OALSZ        8
#define RBU_STATE_PHASEONESTEP 9


#define RBU_STAGE_OAL         1
#define RBU_STAGE_MOVE        2
#define RBU_STAGE_CAPTURE     3
#define RBU_STAGE_CKPT        4
#define RBU_STAGE_DONE        5

................................................................................

/*
** A structure to store values read from the rbu_state table in memory.
*/
struct RbuState {
  int eStage;
  char *zTbl;

  char *zIdx;
  i64 iWalCksum;
  int nRow;
  i64 nProgress;
  u32 iCookie;
  i64 iOalSz;
  i64 nPhaseOneStep;
................................................................................

/*
** Free an RbuState object allocated by rbuLoadState().
*/
static void rbuFreeState(RbuState *p){
  if( p ){
    sqlite3_free(p->zTbl);

    sqlite3_free(p->zIdx);
    sqlite3_free(p);
  }
}

/*
** Allocate an RbuState object and load the contents of the rbu_state 
................................................................................
      case RBU_STATE_OALSZ:
        pRet->iOalSz = (u32)sqlite3_column_int64(pStmt, 1);
        break;

      case RBU_STATE_PHASEONESTEP:
        pRet->nPhaseOneStep = sqlite3_column_int64(pStmt, 1);
        break;





      default:
        rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT;
        break;
    }
  }
  rc2 = sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
................................................................................
          "(%d, %Q), "
          "(%d, %Q), "
          "(%d, %d), "
          "(%d, %d), "
          "(%d, %lld), "
          "(%d, %lld), "
          "(%d, %lld), "
          "(%d, %lld) ",

          p->zStateDb,
          RBU_STATE_STAGE, eStage,
          RBU_STATE_TBL, p->objiter.zTbl, 
          RBU_STATE_IDX, p->objiter.zIdx, 
          RBU_STATE_ROW, p->nStep, 
          RBU_STATE_PROGRESS, p->nProgress,
          RBU_STATE_CKPT, p->iWalCksum,
          RBU_STATE_COOKIE, (i64)pFd->iCookie,
          RBU_STATE_OALSZ, p->iOalSz,
          RBU_STATE_PHASEONESTEP, p->nPhaseOneStep

      )
    );
    assert( pInsert==0 || rc==SQLITE_OK );

    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      sqlite3_step(pInsert);
      rc = sqlite3_finalize(pInsert);
................................................................................
  assert( p->rc==SQLITE_OK );
  if( pState->zTbl ){
    RbuObjIter *pIter = &p->objiter;
    int rc = SQLITE_OK;

    while( rc==SQLITE_OK && pIter->zTbl && (pIter->bCleanup 
       || rbuStrCompare(pIter->zIdx, pState->zIdx)
       || rbuStrCompare(pIter->zTbl, pState->zTbl) 

    )){
      rc = rbuObjIterNext(p, pIter);
    }

    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && !pIter->zTbl ){
      rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
      p->zErrmsg = sqlite3_mprintf("rbu_state mismatch error");







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**
** RBU_STATE_COOKIE:
**   Valid if STAGE==1. The current change-counter cookie value in the 
**   target db file.
**
** RBU_STATE_OALSZ:
**   Valid if STAGE==1. The size in bytes of the *-oal file.
**
** RBU_STATE_DATATBL:
**   Only valid if STAGE==1. The RBU database name of the table 
**   currently being read.
*/
#define RBU_STATE_STAGE        1
#define RBU_STATE_TBL          2
#define RBU_STATE_IDX          3
#define RBU_STATE_ROW          4
#define RBU_STATE_PROGRESS     5
#define RBU_STATE_CKPT         6
#define RBU_STATE_COOKIE       7
#define RBU_STATE_OALSZ        8
#define RBU_STATE_PHASEONESTEP 9
#define RBU_STATE_DATATBL     10

#define RBU_STAGE_OAL         1
#define RBU_STAGE_MOVE        2
#define RBU_STAGE_CAPTURE     3
#define RBU_STAGE_CKPT        4
#define RBU_STAGE_DONE        5

................................................................................

/*
** A structure to store values read from the rbu_state table in memory.
*/
struct RbuState {
  int eStage;
  char *zTbl;
  char *zDataTbl;
  char *zIdx;
  i64 iWalCksum;
  int nRow;
  i64 nProgress;
  u32 iCookie;
  i64 iOalSz;
  i64 nPhaseOneStep;
................................................................................

/*
** Free an RbuState object allocated by rbuLoadState().
*/
static void rbuFreeState(RbuState *p){
  if( p ){
    sqlite3_free(p->zTbl);
    sqlite3_free(p->zDataTbl);
    sqlite3_free(p->zIdx);
    sqlite3_free(p);
  }
}

/*
** Allocate an RbuState object and load the contents of the rbu_state 
................................................................................
      case RBU_STATE_OALSZ:
        pRet->iOalSz = (u32)sqlite3_column_int64(pStmt, 1);
        break;

      case RBU_STATE_PHASEONESTEP:
        pRet->nPhaseOneStep = sqlite3_column_int64(pStmt, 1);
        break;

      case RBU_STATE_DATATBL:
        pRet->zDataTbl = rbuStrndup((char*)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, 1), &rc);
        break;

      default:
        rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT;
        break;
    }
  }
  rc2 = sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
................................................................................
          "(%d, %Q), "
          "(%d, %Q), "
          "(%d, %d), "
          "(%d, %d), "
          "(%d, %lld), "
          "(%d, %lld), "
          "(%d, %lld), "
          "(%d, %lld), "
          "(%d, %Q)  ",
          p->zStateDb,
          RBU_STATE_STAGE, eStage,
          RBU_STATE_TBL, p->objiter.zTbl, 
          RBU_STATE_IDX, p->objiter.zIdx, 
          RBU_STATE_ROW, p->nStep, 
          RBU_STATE_PROGRESS, p->nProgress,
          RBU_STATE_CKPT, p->iWalCksum,
          RBU_STATE_COOKIE, (i64)pFd->iCookie,
          RBU_STATE_OALSZ, p->iOalSz,
          RBU_STATE_PHASEONESTEP, p->nPhaseOneStep,
          RBU_STATE_DATATBL, p->objiter.zDataTbl
      )
    );
    assert( pInsert==0 || rc==SQLITE_OK );

    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      sqlite3_step(pInsert);
      rc = sqlite3_finalize(pInsert);
................................................................................
  assert( p->rc==SQLITE_OK );
  if( pState->zTbl ){
    RbuObjIter *pIter = &p->objiter;
    int rc = SQLITE_OK;

    while( rc==SQLITE_OK && pIter->zTbl && (pIter->bCleanup 
       || rbuStrCompare(pIter->zIdx, pState->zIdx)
       || (pState->zDataTbl==0 && rbuStrCompare(pIter->zTbl, pState->zTbl))
       || (pState->zDataTbl && rbuStrCompare(pIter->zDataTbl, pState->zDataTbl))
    )){
      rc = rbuObjIterNext(p, pIter);
    }

    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && !pIter->zTbl ){
      rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
      p->zErrmsg = sqlite3_mprintf("rbu_state mismatch error");

Changes to ext/rtree/rtree6.test.

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do_test rtree6-1.5 {
  rtree_strategy {SELECT * FROM t1,t2 WHERE k=+ii AND x1<10}
} {C0}

do_eqp_test rtree6.2.1 {
  SELECT * FROM t1,t2 WHERE k=+ii AND x1<10
} {

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:C0} 
  0 1 1 {SEARCH TABLE t2 USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?)}
}

do_eqp_test rtree6.2.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t1,t2 WHERE k=ii AND x1<10
} {

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:C0} 
  0 1 1 {SEARCH TABLE t2 USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?)}
}

do_eqp_test rtree6.2.3 {
  SELECT * FROM t1,t2 WHERE k=ii
} {

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:} 
  0 1 1 {SEARCH TABLE t2 USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?)}
}

do_eqp_test rtree6.2.4.1 {
  SELECT * FROM t1,t2 WHERE v=+ii and x1<10 and x2>10
} {

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:C0E1} 
  0 1 1 {SEARCH TABLE t2 USING AUTOMATIC COVERING INDEX (v=?)}
}
do_eqp_test rtree6.2.4.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t1,t2 WHERE v=10 and x1<10 and x2>10
} {

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:C0E1} 
  0 1 1 {SEARCH TABLE t2 USING AUTOMATIC PARTIAL COVERING INDEX (v=?)}
}

do_eqp_test rtree6.2.5 {
  SELECT * FROM t1,t2 WHERE k=ii AND x1<v
} {

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:} 
  0 1 1 {SEARCH TABLE t2 USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?)}
}

do_execsql_test rtree6-3.1 {
  CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE t3 USING rtree(id, x1, x2, y1, y2);
  INSERT INTO t3 VALUES(NULL, 1, 1, 2, 2);
  SELECT * FROM t3 WHERE 
    x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND 







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do_test rtree6-1.5 {
  rtree_strategy {SELECT * FROM t1,t2 WHERE k=+ii AND x1<10}
} {C0}

do_eqp_test rtree6.2.1 {
  SELECT * FROM t1,t2 WHERE k=+ii AND x1<10
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE t1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:C0
  `--SEARCH TABLE t2 USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?)
}

do_eqp_test rtree6.2.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t1,t2 WHERE k=ii AND x1<10
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE t1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:C0
  `--SEARCH TABLE t2 USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?)
}

do_eqp_test rtree6.2.3 {
  SELECT * FROM t1,t2 WHERE k=ii
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE t1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:
  `--SEARCH TABLE t2 USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?)
}

do_eqp_test rtree6.2.4.1 {
  SELECT * FROM t1,t2 WHERE v=+ii and x1<10 and x2>10
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE t1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:C0E1
  `--SEARCH TABLE t2 USING AUTOMATIC COVERING INDEX (v=?)
}
do_eqp_test rtree6.2.4.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t1,t2 WHERE v=10 and x1<10 and x2>10
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE t1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:C0E1
  `--SEARCH TABLE t2 USING AUTOMATIC PARTIAL COVERING INDEX (v=?)
}

do_eqp_test rtree6.2.5 {
  SELECT * FROM t1,t2 WHERE k=ii AND x1<v
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE t1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:
  `--SEARCH TABLE t2 USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?)
}

do_execsql_test rtree6-3.1 {
  CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE t3 USING rtree(id, x1, x2, y1, y2);
  INSERT INTO t3 VALUES(NULL, 1, 1, 2, 2);
  SELECT * FROM t3 WHERE 
    x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND 

Changes to ext/rtree/rtreeC.test.

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  CREATE TABLE t(x, y);
}

do_eqp_test 1.1 {
  SELECT * FROM r_tree, t 
  WHERE t.x>=min_x AND t.x<=max_x AND t.y>=min_y AND t.x<=max_y
} {

  0 0 1 {SCAN TABLE t}
  0 1 0 {SCAN TABLE r_tree VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:D3B2D1B0}
}

do_eqp_test 1.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t, r_tree
  WHERE t.x>=min_x AND t.x<=max_x AND t.y>=min_y AND t.x<=max_y
} {

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t}
  0 1 1 {SCAN TABLE r_tree VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:D3B2D1B0}
}

do_eqp_test 1.3 {
  SELECT * FROM t, r_tree
  WHERE t.x>=min_x AND t.x<=max_x AND t.y>=min_y AND ?<=max_y
} {

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t}
  0 1 1 {SCAN TABLE r_tree VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:D3B2D1B0}
}

do_eqp_test 1.5 {
  SELECT * FROM t, r_tree
} {

  0 0 1 {SCAN TABLE r_tree VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:}
  0 1 0 {SCAN TABLE t} 
}

do_execsql_test 2.0 {
  INSERT INTO t VALUES(0, 0);
  INSERT INTO t VALUES(0, 1);
  INSERT INTO t VALUES(0, 2);
  INSERT INTO t VALUES(0, 3);
................................................................................
db close
sqlite3 db test.db

do_eqp_test 2.1 {
  SELECT * FROM r_tree, t 
  WHERE t.x>=min_x AND t.x<=max_x AND t.y>=min_y AND t.x<=max_y
} {

  0 0 1 {SCAN TABLE t}
  0 1 0 {SCAN TABLE r_tree VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:D3B2D1B0}
}

do_eqp_test 2.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t, r_tree
  WHERE t.x>=min_x AND t.x<=max_x AND t.y>=min_y AND t.x<=max_y
} {

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t}
  0 1 1 {SCAN TABLE r_tree VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:D3B2D1B0}
}

do_eqp_test 2.3 {
  SELECT * FROM t, r_tree
  WHERE t.x>=min_x AND t.x<=max_x AND t.y>=min_y AND ?<=max_y
} {

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t}
  0 1 1 {SCAN TABLE r_tree VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:D3B2D1B0}
}

do_eqp_test 2.5 {
  SELECT * FROM t, r_tree
} {

  0 0 1 {SCAN TABLE r_tree VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:}
  0 1 0 {SCAN TABLE t} 
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Test that the special CROSS JOIN handling works with rtree tables.
#
do_execsql_test 3.1 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(x);
  CREATE TABLE t2(y);
  CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE t3 USING rtree(z, x1,x2, y1,y2);
}

do_eqp_test 3.2.1 { SELECT * FROM t1 CROSS JOIN t2 } {

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1} 
  0 1 1 {SCAN TABLE t2}
}
do_eqp_test 3.2.2 { SELECT * FROM t2 CROSS JOIN t1 } {

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2} 0 1 1 {SCAN TABLE t1}

}

do_eqp_test 3.3.1 { SELECT * FROM t1 CROSS JOIN t3 } {

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1}
  0 1 1 {SCAN TABLE t3 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:} 
}
do_eqp_test 3.3.2 { SELECT * FROM t3 CROSS JOIN t1 } {

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t3 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:} 
  0 1 1 {SCAN TABLE t1}
}

#--------------------------------------------------------------------
# Test that LEFT JOINs are not reordered if the right-hand-side is
# a virtual table.
#
reset_db
................................................................................

# First test a query with no ANALYZE data at all. The outer loop is
# real table "t1".
#
do_eqp_test 5.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t1, rt WHERE x==id;
} {

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1} 
  0 1 1 {SCAN TABLE rt VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 1:}
}

# Now create enough ANALYZE data to tell SQLite that virtual table "rt"
# contains very few rows. This causes it to move "rt" to the outer loop.
#
do_execsql_test 5.3 {
  ANALYZE;
................................................................................
  DELETE FROM sqlite_stat1 WHERE tbl='t1';
}
db close
sqlite3 db test.db
do_eqp_test 5.4 {
  SELECT * FROM t1, rt WHERE x==id;
} {

  0 0 1 {SCAN TABLE rt VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:} 
  0 1 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX sqlite_autoindex_t1_1 (x=?)}
}

# Delete the ANALYZE data. "t1" should be the outer loop again.
#
do_execsql_test 5.5 { DROP TABLE sqlite_stat1; }
db close
sqlite3 db test.db
do_eqp_test 5.6 {
  SELECT * FROM t1, rt WHERE x==id;
} {

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1} 
  0 1 1 {SCAN TABLE rt VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 1:}
}

# This time create and attach a database that contains ANALYZE data for
# tables of the same names as those used internally by virtual table
# "rt". Check that the rtree module is not fooled into using this data.
# Table "t1" should remain the outer loop.
#
................................................................................
  db close
  sqlite3 db test.db
  execsql { ATTACH 'test.db2' AS aux; }
} {}
do_eqp_test 5.8 {
  SELECT * FROM t1, rt WHERE x==id;
} {

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1} 
  0 1 1 {SCAN TABLE rt VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 1:}
}

#--------------------------------------------------------------------
# Test that having a second connection drop the sqlite_stat1 table
# before it is required by rtreeConnect() does not cause problems.
#
ifcapable rtree {
................................................................................
  INSERT INTO rt VALUES(1, 2, 7, 12, 14);      -- Not a hit
  INSERT INTO rt VALUES(2, 2, 7, 8, 12);       -- A hit!
  INSERT INTO rt VALUES(3, 7, 11, 8, 12);      -- Not a hit!
  INSERT INTO rt VALUES(4, 5, 5, 10, 10);      -- A hit!

}

proc do_eqp_execsql_test {tn sql res} {
  set query "EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN $sql ; $sql "
  uplevel [list do_execsql_test $tn $query $res]
}

do_eqp_execsql_test 7.1 {
  SELECT id FROM xdir, rt, ydir 
  ON (y1 BETWEEN ymin AND ymax)
  WHERE (x1 BETWEEN xmin AND xmax);
} {

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE xdir} 
  0 1 2 {SCAN TABLE ydir} 
  0 2 1 {SCAN TABLE rt VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:B2D3B0D1}

  2 4
}

do_eqp_execsql_test 7.2 {
  SELECT * FROM xdir, rt LEFT JOIN ydir 
  ON (y1 BETWEEN ymin AND ymax)
  WHERE (x1 BETWEEN xmin AND xmax);
} {

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE xdir} 
  0 1 1 {SCAN TABLE rt VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:B0D1}
  0 2 2 {SCAN TABLE ydir} 


  5 1 2 7 12 14 {}
  5 2 2 7  8 12 10
  5 4 5 5 10 10 10
}

do_eqp_execsql_test 7.3 {
  SELECT id FROM xdir, rt CROSS JOIN ydir 
  ON (y1 BETWEEN ymin AND ymax)
  WHERE (x1 BETWEEN xmin AND xmax);
} {

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE xdir} 
  0 1 1 {SCAN TABLE rt VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:B0D1}
  0 2 2 {SCAN TABLE ydir} 

  2 4
}

do_eqp_execsql_test 7.4 {
  SELECT id FROM rt, xdir CROSS JOIN ydir 
  ON (y1 BETWEEN ymin AND ymax)
  WHERE (x1 BETWEEN xmin AND xmax);
} {

  0 0 1 {SCAN TABLE xdir} 
  0 1 0 {SCAN TABLE rt VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:B0D1}
  0 2 2 {SCAN TABLE ydir} 

  2 4
}

finish_test







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  CREATE TABLE t(x, y);
}

do_eqp_test 1.1 {
  SELECT * FROM r_tree, t 
  WHERE t.x>=min_x AND t.x<=max_x AND t.y>=min_y AND t.x<=max_y
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE t
  `--SCAN TABLE r_tree VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:D3B2D1B0
}

do_eqp_test 1.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t, r_tree
  WHERE t.x>=min_x AND t.x<=max_x AND t.y>=min_y AND t.x<=max_y
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE t
  `--SCAN TABLE r_tree VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:D3B2D1B0
}

do_eqp_test 1.3 {
  SELECT * FROM t, r_tree
  WHERE t.x>=min_x AND t.x<=max_x AND t.y>=min_y AND ?<=max_y
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE t
  `--SCAN TABLE r_tree VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:D3B2D1B0
}

do_eqp_test 1.5 {
  SELECT * FROM t, r_tree
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE r_tree VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:
  `--SCAN TABLE t
}

do_execsql_test 2.0 {
  INSERT INTO t VALUES(0, 0);
  INSERT INTO t VALUES(0, 1);
  INSERT INTO t VALUES(0, 2);
  INSERT INTO t VALUES(0, 3);
................................................................................
db close
sqlite3 db test.db

do_eqp_test 2.1 {
  SELECT * FROM r_tree, t 
  WHERE t.x>=min_x AND t.x<=max_x AND t.y>=min_y AND t.x<=max_y
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE t
  `--SCAN TABLE r_tree VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:D3B2D1B0
}

do_eqp_test 2.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t, r_tree
  WHERE t.x>=min_x AND t.x<=max_x AND t.y>=min_y AND t.x<=max_y
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE t
  `--SCAN TABLE r_tree VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:D3B2D1B0
}

do_eqp_test 2.3 {
  SELECT * FROM t, r_tree
  WHERE t.x>=min_x AND t.x<=max_x AND t.y>=min_y AND ?<=max_y
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE t
  `--SCAN TABLE r_tree VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:D3B2D1B0
}

do_eqp_test 2.5 {
  SELECT * FROM t, r_tree
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE r_tree VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:
  `--SCAN TABLE t
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Test that the special CROSS JOIN handling works with rtree tables.
#
do_execsql_test 3.1 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(x);
  CREATE TABLE t2(y);
  CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE t3 USING rtree(z, x1,x2, y1,y2);
}

do_eqp_test 3.2.1 { SELECT * FROM t1 CROSS JOIN t2 } {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE t1
  `--SCAN TABLE t2
}
do_eqp_test 3.2.2 { SELECT * FROM t2 CROSS JOIN t1 } {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE t2
  `--SCAN TABLE t1
}

do_eqp_test 3.3.1 { SELECT * FROM t1 CROSS JOIN t3 } {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE t1
  `--SCAN TABLE t3 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:
}
do_eqp_test 3.3.2 { SELECT * FROM t3 CROSS JOIN t1 } {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE t3 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:
  `--SCAN TABLE t1
}

#--------------------------------------------------------------------
# Test that LEFT JOINs are not reordered if the right-hand-side is
# a virtual table.
#
reset_db
................................................................................

# First test a query with no ANALYZE data at all. The outer loop is
# real table "t1".
#
do_eqp_test 5.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t1, rt WHERE x==id;
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE t1
  `--SCAN TABLE rt VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 1:
}

# Now create enough ANALYZE data to tell SQLite that virtual table "rt"
# contains very few rows. This causes it to move "rt" to the outer loop.
#
do_execsql_test 5.3 {
  ANALYZE;
................................................................................
  DELETE FROM sqlite_stat1 WHERE tbl='t1';
}
db close
sqlite3 db test.db
do_eqp_test 5.4 {
  SELECT * FROM t1, rt WHERE x==id;
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE rt VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:
  `--SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX sqlite_autoindex_t1_1 (x=?)
}

# Delete the ANALYZE data. "t1" should be the outer loop again.
#
do_execsql_test 5.5 { DROP TABLE sqlite_stat1; }
db close
sqlite3 db test.db
do_eqp_test 5.6 {
  SELECT * FROM t1, rt WHERE x==id;
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE t1
  `--SCAN TABLE rt VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 1:
}

# This time create and attach a database that contains ANALYZE data for
# tables of the same names as those used internally by virtual table
# "rt". Check that the rtree module is not fooled into using this data.
# Table "t1" should remain the outer loop.
#
................................................................................
  db close
  sqlite3 db test.db
  execsql { ATTACH 'test.db2' AS aux; }
} {}
do_eqp_test 5.8 {
  SELECT * FROM t1, rt WHERE x==id;
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE t1
  `--SCAN TABLE rt VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 1:
}

#--------------------------------------------------------------------
# Test that having a second connection drop the sqlite_stat1 table
# before it is required by rtreeConnect() does not cause problems.
#
ifcapable rtree {
................................................................................
  INSERT INTO rt VALUES(1, 2, 7, 12, 14);      -- Not a hit
  INSERT INTO rt VALUES(2, 2, 7, 8, 12);       -- A hit!
  INSERT INTO rt VALUES(3, 7, 11, 8, 12);      -- Not a hit!
  INSERT INTO rt VALUES(4, 5, 5, 10, 10);      -- A hit!

}

proc do_eqp_execsql_test {tn sql res1 res2} {
  do_eqp_test $tn.1 $sql $res1
  do_execsql_test $tn.2 $sql $res2
}

do_eqp_execsql_test 7.1 {
  SELECT id FROM xdir, rt, ydir 
  ON (y1 BETWEEN ymin AND ymax)
  WHERE (x1 BETWEEN xmin AND xmax);
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE xdir
  |--SCAN TABLE ydir
  `--SCAN TABLE rt VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:B2D3B0D1
} {
  2 4
}

do_eqp_execsql_test 7.2 {
  SELECT * FROM xdir, rt LEFT JOIN ydir 
  ON (y1 BETWEEN ymin AND ymax)
  WHERE (x1 BETWEEN xmin AND xmax);
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE xdir
  |--SCAN TABLE rt VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:B0D1
  `--SCAN TABLE ydir

} {
  5 1 2 7 12 14 {}
  5 2 2 7  8 12 10
  5 4 5 5 10 10 10
}

do_eqp_execsql_test 7.3 {
  SELECT id FROM xdir, rt CROSS JOIN ydir 
  ON (y1 BETWEEN ymin AND ymax)
  WHERE (x1 BETWEEN xmin AND xmax);
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE xdir
  |--SCAN TABLE rt VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:B0D1
  `--SCAN TABLE ydir
} {
  2 4
}

do_eqp_execsql_test 7.4 {
  SELECT id FROM rt, xdir CROSS JOIN ydir 
  ON (y1 BETWEEN ymin AND ymax)
  WHERE (x1 BETWEEN xmin AND xmax);
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE xdir
  |--SCAN TABLE rt VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:B0D1
  `--SCAN TABLE ydir
} {
  2 4
}

finish_test

Changes to main.mk.

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         memdb.o memjournal.o \
         mutex.o mutex_noop.o mutex_unix.o mutex_w32.o \
         notify.o opcodes.o os.o os_unix.o os_win.o \
         pager.o pcache.o pcache1.o pragma.o prepare.o printf.o \
         random.o resolve.o rowset.o rtree.o \
         select.o sqlite3rbu.o status.o stmt.o \
         table.o threads.o tokenize.o treeview.o trigger.o \
         update.o userauth.o util.o vacuum.o \
         vdbeapi.o vdbeaux.o vdbeblob.o vdbemem.o vdbesort.o \
	 vdbetrace.o wal.o walker.o where.o wherecode.o whereexpr.o \
         utf.o vtab.o

LIBOBJ += sqlite3session.o

# All of the source code files.
................................................................................
  $(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c \
  $(TOP)/src/threads.c \
  $(TOP)/src/tokenize.c \
  $(TOP)/src/treeview.c \
  $(TOP)/src/trigger.c \
  $(TOP)/src/utf.c \
  $(TOP)/src/update.c \

  $(TOP)/src/util.c \
  $(TOP)/src/vacuum.c \
  $(TOP)/src/vdbe.c \
  $(TOP)/src/vdbe.h \
  $(TOP)/src/vdbeapi.c \
  $(TOP)/src/vdbeaux.c \
  $(TOP)/src/vdbeblob.c \







|







 







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         memdb.o memjournal.o \
         mutex.o mutex_noop.o mutex_unix.o mutex_w32.o \
         notify.o opcodes.o os.o os_unix.o os_win.o \
         pager.o pcache.o pcache1.o pragma.o prepare.o printf.o \
         random.o resolve.o rowset.o rtree.o \
         select.o sqlite3rbu.o status.o stmt.o \
         table.o threads.o tokenize.o treeview.o trigger.o \
         update.o upsert.o userauth.o util.o vacuum.o \
         vdbeapi.o vdbeaux.o vdbeblob.o vdbemem.o vdbesort.o \
	 vdbetrace.o wal.o walker.o where.o wherecode.o whereexpr.o \
         utf.o vtab.o

LIBOBJ += sqlite3session.o

# All of the source code files.
................................................................................
  $(TOP)/src/tclsqlite.c \
  $(TOP)/src/threads.c \
  $(TOP)/src/tokenize.c \
  $(TOP)/src/treeview.c \
  $(TOP)/src/trigger.c \
  $(TOP)/src/utf.c \
  $(TOP)/src/update.c \
  $(TOP)/src/upsert.c \
  $(TOP)/src/util.c \
  $(TOP)/src/vacuum.c \
  $(TOP)/src/vdbe.c \
  $(TOP)/src/vdbe.h \
  $(TOP)/src/vdbeapi.c \
  $(TOP)/src/vdbeaux.c \
  $(TOP)/src/vdbeblob.c \

Changes to src/attach.c.

154
155
156
157
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159
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163
164
165
166
167
168
...
226
227
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232

233
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237
238
239
...
498
499
500
501
502
503
504



505
506
507
508
509
510
511
...
597
598
599
600
601
602
603












604
605
606
607
608
    }
    assert( pVfs );
    flags |= SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB;
    rc = sqlite3BtreeOpen(pVfs, zPath, db, &pNew->pBt, 0, flags);
    sqlite3_free( zPath );
    db->nDb++;
  }
  db->skipBtreeMutex = 0;
  if( rc==SQLITE_CONSTRAINT ){
    rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
    zErrDyn = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "database is already attached");
  }else if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    Pager *pPager;
    pNew->pSchema = sqlite3SchemaGet(db, pNew->pBt);
    if( !pNew->pSchema ){
................................................................................
  ** If this fails, or if opening the file failed, then close the file and 
  ** remove the entry from the db->aDb[] array. i.e. put everything back the
  ** way we found it.
  */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3BtreeEnterAll(db);
    db->init.iDb = 0;

    rc = sqlite3Init(db, &zErrDyn);
    sqlite3BtreeLeaveAll(db);
    assert( zErrDyn==0 || rc!=SQLITE_OK );
  }
#ifdef SQLITE_USER_AUTHENTICATION
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    u8 newAuth = 0;
................................................................................
      pItem->zDatabase = 0;
      pItem->pSchema = pFix->pSchema;
    }
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER)
    if( sqlite3FixSelect(pFix, pItem->pSelect) ) return 1;
    if( sqlite3FixExpr(pFix, pItem->pOn) ) return 1;
#endif



  }
  return 0;
}
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER)
int sqlite3FixSelect(
  DbFixer *pFix,       /* Context of the fixation */
  Select *pSelect      /* The SELECT statement to be fixed to one database */
................................................................................
    }
    if( sqlite3FixExpr(pFix, pStep->pWhere) ){
      return 1;
    }
    if( sqlite3FixExprList(pFix, pStep->pExprList) ){
      return 1;
    }












    pStep = pStep->pNext;
  }
  return 0;
}
#endif







|







 







>







 







>
>
>







 







>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>





154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
...
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
...
499
500
501
502
503
504
505
506
507
508
509
510
511
512
513
514
515
...
601
602
603
604
605
606
607
608
609
610
611
612
613
614
615
616
617
618
619
620
621
622
623
624
    }
    assert( pVfs );
    flags |= SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB;
    rc = sqlite3BtreeOpen(pVfs, zPath, db, &pNew->pBt, 0, flags);
    sqlite3_free( zPath );
    db->nDb++;
  }
  db->noSharedCache = 0;
  if( rc==SQLITE_CONSTRAINT ){
    rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
    zErrDyn = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "database is already attached");
  }else if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    Pager *pPager;
    pNew->pSchema = sqlite3SchemaGet(db, pNew->pBt);
    if( !pNew->pSchema ){
................................................................................
  ** If this fails, or if opening the file failed, then close the file and 
  ** remove the entry from the db->aDb[] array. i.e. put everything back the
  ** way we found it.
  */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3BtreeEnterAll(db);
    db->init.iDb = 0;
    db->mDbFlags &= ~(DBFLAG_SchemaKnownOk);
    rc = sqlite3Init(db, &zErrDyn);
    sqlite3BtreeLeaveAll(db);
    assert( zErrDyn==0 || rc!=SQLITE_OK );
  }
#ifdef SQLITE_USER_AUTHENTICATION
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    u8 newAuth = 0;
................................................................................
      pItem->zDatabase = 0;
      pItem->pSchema = pFix->pSchema;
    }
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER)
    if( sqlite3FixSelect(pFix, pItem->pSelect) ) return 1;
    if( sqlite3FixExpr(pFix, pItem->pOn) ) return 1;
#endif
    if( pItem->fg.isTabFunc && sqlite3FixExprList(pFix, pItem->u1.pFuncArg) ){
      return 1;
    }
  }
  return 0;
}
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER)
int sqlite3FixSelect(
  DbFixer *pFix,       /* Context of the fixation */
  Select *pSelect      /* The SELECT statement to be fixed to one database */
................................................................................
    }
    if( sqlite3FixExpr(pFix, pStep->pWhere) ){
      return 1;
    }
    if( sqlite3FixExprList(pFix, pStep->pExprList) ){
      return 1;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_UPSERT
    if( pStep->pUpsert ){
      Upsert *pUp = pStep->pUpsert;
      if( sqlite3FixExprList(pFix, pUp->pUpsertTarget)
       || sqlite3FixExpr(pFix, pUp->pUpsertTargetWhere)
       || sqlite3FixExprList(pFix, pUp->pUpsertSet)
       || sqlite3FixExpr(pFix, pUp->pUpsertWhere)
      ){
        return 1;
      }
    }
#endif
    pStep = pStep->pNext;
  }
  return 0;
}
#endif

Changes to src/btmutex.c.

191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
  for(i=0; i<db->nDb; i++){
    p = db->aDb[i].pBt;
    if( p && p->sharable ){
      sqlite3BtreeEnter(p);
      skipOk = 0;
    }
  }
  db->skipBtreeMutex = skipOk;
}
void sqlite3BtreeEnterAll(sqlite3 *db){
  if( db->skipBtreeMutex==0 ) btreeEnterAll(db);
}
static void SQLITE_NOINLINE btreeLeaveAll(sqlite3 *db){
  int i;
  Btree *p;
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(db->mutex) );
  for(i=0; i<db->nDb; i++){
    p = db->aDb[i].pBt;
    if( p ) sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  }
}
void sqlite3BtreeLeaveAll(sqlite3 *db){
  if( db->skipBtreeMutex==0 ) btreeLeaveAll(db);
}

#ifndef NDEBUG
/*
** Return true if the current thread holds the database connection
** mutex and all required BtShared mutexes.
**







|


|











|







191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
  for(i=0; i<db->nDb; i++){
    p = db->aDb[i].pBt;
    if( p && p->sharable ){
      sqlite3BtreeEnter(p);
      skipOk = 0;
    }
  }
  db->noSharedCache = skipOk;
}
void sqlite3BtreeEnterAll(sqlite3 *db){
  if( db->noSharedCache==0 ) btreeEnterAll(db);
}
static void SQLITE_NOINLINE btreeLeaveAll(sqlite3 *db){
  int i;
  Btree *p;
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(db->mutex) );
  for(i=0; i<db->nDb; i++){
    p = db->aDb[i].pBt;
    if( p ) sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  }
}
void sqlite3BtreeLeaveAll(sqlite3 *db){
  if( db->noSharedCache==0 ) btreeLeaveAll(db);
}

#ifndef NDEBUG
/*
** Return true if the current thread holds the database connection
** mutex and all required BtShared mutexes.
**

Changes to src/btree.c.

2973
2974
2975
2976
2977
2978
2979




2980
2981
2982
2983
2984
2985
2986
....
3004
3005
3006
3007
3008
3009
3010



3011
3012
3013
3014
3015
3016
3017
          pDb->safety_level | (db->flags & PAGER_FLAGS_MASK));
    }
  }
}
#else
# define setDefaultSyncFlag(pBt,safety_level)
#endif





/*
** Get a reference to pPage1 of the database file.  This will
** also acquire a readlock on that file.
**
** SQLITE_OK is returned on success.  If the file is not a
** well-formed database file, then SQLITE_CORRUPT is returned.
................................................................................
  /* Do some checking to help insure the file we opened really is
  ** a valid database file. 
  */
  nPage = nPageHeader = get4byte(28+(u8*)pPage1->aData);
  sqlite3PagerPagecount(pBt->pPager, &nPageFile);
  if( nPage==0 || memcmp(24+(u8*)pPage1->aData, 92+(u8*)pPage1->aData,4)!=0 ){
    nPage = nPageFile;



  }
  if( nPage>0 ){
    u32 pageSize;
    u32 usableSize;
    u8 *page1 = pPage1->aData;
    rc = SQLITE_NOTADB;
    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-43737-39999 Every valid SQLite database file begins







>
>
>
>







 







>
>
>







2973
2974
2975
2976
2977
2978
2979
2980
2981
2982
2983
2984
2985
2986
2987
2988
2989
2990
....
3008
3009
3010
3011
3012
3013
3014
3015
3016
3017
3018
3019
3020
3021
3022
3023
3024
          pDb->safety_level | (db->flags & PAGER_FLAGS_MASK));
    }
  }
}
#else
# define setDefaultSyncFlag(pBt,safety_level)
#endif

/* Forward declaration */
static int newDatabase(BtShared*);


/*
** Get a reference to pPage1 of the database file.  This will
** also acquire a readlock on that file.
**
** SQLITE_OK is returned on success.  If the file is not a
** well-formed database file, then SQLITE_CORRUPT is returned.
................................................................................
  /* Do some checking to help insure the file we opened really is
  ** a valid database file. 
  */
  nPage = nPageHeader = get4byte(28+(u8*)pPage1->aData);
  sqlite3PagerPagecount(pBt->pPager, &nPageFile);
  if( nPage==0 || memcmp(24+(u8*)pPage1->aData, 92+(u8*)pPage1->aData,4)!=0 ){
    nPage = nPageFile;
  }
  if( (pBt->db->flags & SQLITE_ResetDatabase)!=0 ){
    nPage = 0;
  }
  if( nPage>0 ){
    u32 pageSize;
    u32 usableSize;
    u8 *page1 = pPage1->aData;
    rc = SQLITE_NOTADB;
    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-43737-39999 Every valid SQLite database file begins

Changes to src/build.c.

339
340
341
342
343
344
345

346
347
348

349

350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
...
521
522
523
524
525
526
527

528
529
530
531
532
533
534
...
546
547
548
549
550
551
552
553
554
555
556
557
558
559
560
....
1091
1092
1093
1094
1095
1096
1097
1098
1099
1100





1101
1102
1103
1104
1105
1106
1107
1108
1109
1110
1111
1112
1113
....
1159
1160
1161
1162
1163
1164
1165
1166
1167
1168
1169
1170
1171
1172
1173
....
1196
1197
1198
1199
1200
1201
1202
1203
1204
1205
1206
1207
1208
1209
1210
1211
1212
1213
1214
1215
1216
1217
1218
1219
1220
1221
1222
1223








1224
1225
1226
1227
1228
1229
1230
....
3006
3007
3008
3009
3010
3011
3012



3013

3014
3015
3016
3017
3018
3019
3020
Table *sqlite3LocateTable(
  Parse *pParse,         /* context in which to report errors */
  u32 flags,             /* LOCATE_VIEW or LOCATE_NOERR */
  const char *zName,     /* Name of the table we are looking for */
  const char *zDbase     /* Name of the database.  Might be NULL */
){
  Table *p;


  /* Read the database schema. If an error occurs, leave an error message
  ** and code in pParse and return NULL. */

  if( SQLITE_OK!=sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ){

    return 0;
  }

  p = sqlite3FindTable(pParse->db, zName, zDbase);
  if( p==0 ){
    const char *zMsg = flags & LOCATE_VIEW ? "no such view" : "no such table";
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
    if( sqlite3FindDbName(pParse->db, zDbase)<1 ){
      /* If zName is the not the name of a table in the schema created using
      ** CREATE, then check to see if it is the name of an virtual table that
      ** can be an eponymous virtual table. */
      Module *pMod = (Module*)sqlite3HashFind(&pParse->db->aModule, zName);
      if( pMod==0 && sqlite3_strnicmp(zName, "pragma_", 7)==0 ){
        pMod = sqlite3PragmaVtabRegister(pParse->db, zName);
      }
      if( pMod && sqlite3VtabEponymousTableInit(pParse, pMod) ){
        return pMod->pEpoTab;
      }
    }
#endif
    if( (flags & LOCATE_NOERR)==0 ){
................................................................................
  int i;
  assert( iDb<db->nDb );

  if( iDb>=0 ){
    assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, iDb, 0) );
    DbSetProperty(db, iDb, DB_ResetWanted);
    DbSetProperty(db, 1, DB_ResetWanted);

  }

  if( db->nSchemaLock==0 ){
    for(i=0; i<db->nDb; i++){
      if( DbHasProperty(db, i, DB_ResetWanted) ){
        sqlite3SchemaClear(db->aDb[i].pSchema);
      }
................................................................................
  assert( db->nSchemaLock==0 );
  for(i=0; i<db->nDb; i++){
    Db *pDb = &db->aDb[i];
    if( pDb->pSchema ){
      sqlite3SchemaClear(pDb->pSchema);
    }
  }
  db->mDbFlags &= ~DBFLAG_SchemaChange;
  sqlite3VtabUnlockList(db);
  sqlite3BtreeLeaveAll(db);
  sqlite3CollapseDatabaseArray(db);
}

/*
** This routine is called when a commit occurs.
................................................................................
  pCol = &p->aCol[p->nCol];
  memset(pCol, 0, sizeof(p->aCol[0]));
  pCol->zName = z;
  sqlite3ColumnPropertiesFromName(p, pCol);
 
  if( pType->n==0 ){
    /* If there is no type specified, columns have the default affinity
    ** 'BLOB'. */
    pCol->affinity = SQLITE_AFF_BLOB;
    pCol->szEst = 1;





  }else{
    zType = z + sqlite3Strlen30(z) + 1;
    memcpy(zType, pType->z, pType->n);
    zType[pType->n] = 0;
    sqlite3Dequote(zType);
    pCol->affinity = sqlite3AffinityType(zType, &pCol->szEst);
    pCol->colFlags |= COLFLAG_HASTYPE;
  }
  p->nCol++;
  pParse->constraintName.n = 0;
}

/*
................................................................................
** 'REAL'        | SQLITE_AFF_REAL
** 'FLOA'        | SQLITE_AFF_REAL
** 'DOUB'        | SQLITE_AFF_REAL
**
** If none of the substrings in the above table are found,
** SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC is returned.
*/
char sqlite3AffinityType(const char *zIn, u8 *pszEst){
  u32 h = 0;
  char aff = SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC;
  const char *zChar = 0;

  assert( zIn!=0 );
  while( zIn[0] ){
    h = (h<<8) + sqlite3UpperToLower[(*zIn)&0xff];
................................................................................
#endif
    }else if( (h&0x00FFFFFF)==(('i'<<16)+('n'<<8)+'t') ){    /* INT */
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER;
      break;
    }
  }

  /* If pszEst is not NULL, store an estimate of the field size.  The
  ** estimate is scaled so that the size of an integer is 1.  */
  if( pszEst ){
    *pszEst = 1;   /* default size is approx 4 bytes */
    if( aff<SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC ){
      if( zChar ){
        while( zChar[0] ){
          if( sqlite3Isdigit(zChar[0]) ){
            int v = 0;
            sqlite3GetInt32(zChar, &v);
            v = v/4 + 1;
            if( v>255 ) v = 255;
            *pszEst = v; /* BLOB(k), VARCHAR(k), CHAR(k) -> r=(k/4+1) */
            break;
          }
          zChar++;
        }
      }else{
        *pszEst = 5;   /* BLOB, TEXT, CLOB -> r=5  (approx 20 bytes)*/
      }
    }








  }
  return aff;
}

/*
** The expression is the default value for the most recently added column
** of the table currently under construction.
................................................................................
  assert( pTab!=0 );
  assert( pParse->nErr==0 );
  if( sqlite3StrNICmp(pTab->zName, "sqlite_", 7)==0 
       && db->init.busy==0
#if SQLITE_USER_AUTHENTICATION
       && sqlite3UserAuthTable(pTab->zName)==0
#endif



       && sqlite3StrNICmp(&pTab->zName[7],"altertab_",9)!=0 ){

    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "table %s may not be indexed", pTab->zName);
    goto exit_create_index;
  }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW
  if( pTab->pSelect ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "views may not be indexed");
    goto exit_create_index;







>



>
|
>



|



|



|

|







 







>







 







|







 







|


>
>
>
>
>





|







 







|







 







|

|
|




|

<
<
<





|


>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>







 







>
>
>
|
>







339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
...
524
525
526
527
528
529
530
531
532
533
534
535
536
537
538
...
550
551
552
553
554
555
556
557
558
559
560
561
562
563
564
....
1095
1096
1097
1098
1099
1100
1101
1102
1103
1104
1105
1106
1107
1108
1109
1110
1111
1112
1113
1114
1115
1116
1117
1118
1119
1120
1121
1122
....
1168
1169
1170
1171
1172
1173
1174
1175
1176
1177
1178
1179
1180
1181
1182
....
1205
1206
1207
1208
1209
1210
1211
1212
1213
1214
1215
1216
1217
1218
1219
1220
1221



1222
1223
1224
1225
1226
1227
1228
1229
1230
1231
1232
1233
1234
1235
1236
1237
1238
1239
1240
1241
1242
1243
1244
....
3020
3021
3022
3023
3024
3025
3026
3027
3028
3029
3030
3031
3032
3033
3034
3035
3036
3037
3038
Table *sqlite3LocateTable(
  Parse *pParse,         /* context in which to report errors */
  u32 flags,             /* LOCATE_VIEW or LOCATE_NOERR */
  const char *zName,     /* Name of the table we are looking for */
  const char *zDbase     /* Name of the database.  Might be NULL */
){
  Table *p;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;

  /* Read the database schema. If an error occurs, leave an error message
  ** and code in pParse and return NULL. */
  if( (db->mDbFlags & DBFLAG_SchemaKnownOk)==0 
   && SQLITE_OK!=sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse)
  ){
    return 0;
  }

  p = sqlite3FindTable(db, zName, zDbase);
  if( p==0 ){
    const char *zMsg = flags & LOCATE_VIEW ? "no such view" : "no such table";
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
    if( sqlite3FindDbName(db, zDbase)<1 ){
      /* If zName is the not the name of a table in the schema created using
      ** CREATE, then check to see if it is the name of an virtual table that
      ** can be an eponymous virtual table. */
      Module *pMod = (Module*)sqlite3HashFind(&db->aModule, zName);
      if( pMod==0 && sqlite3_strnicmp(zName, "pragma_", 7)==0 ){
        pMod = sqlite3PragmaVtabRegister(db, zName);
      }
      if( pMod && sqlite3VtabEponymousTableInit(pParse, pMod) ){
        return pMod->pEpoTab;
      }
    }
#endif
    if( (flags & LOCATE_NOERR)==0 ){
................................................................................
  int i;
  assert( iDb<db->nDb );

  if( iDb>=0 ){
    assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, iDb, 0) );
    DbSetProperty(db, iDb, DB_ResetWanted);
    DbSetProperty(db, 1, DB_ResetWanted);
    db->mDbFlags &= ~DBFLAG_SchemaKnownOk;
  }

  if( db->nSchemaLock==0 ){
    for(i=0; i<db->nDb; i++){
      if( DbHasProperty(db, i, DB_ResetWanted) ){
        sqlite3SchemaClear(db->aDb[i].pSchema);
      }
................................................................................
  assert( db->nSchemaLock==0 );
  for(i=0; i<db->nDb; i++){
    Db *pDb = &db->aDb[i];
    if( pDb->pSchema ){
      sqlite3SchemaClear(pDb->pSchema);
    }
  }
  db->mDbFlags &= ~(DBFLAG_SchemaChange|DBFLAG_SchemaKnownOk);
  sqlite3VtabUnlockList(db);
  sqlite3BtreeLeaveAll(db);
  sqlite3CollapseDatabaseArray(db);
}

/*
** This routine is called when a commit occurs.
................................................................................
  pCol = &p->aCol[p->nCol];
  memset(pCol, 0, sizeof(p->aCol[0]));
  pCol->zName = z;
  sqlite3ColumnPropertiesFromName(p, pCol);
 
  if( pType->n==0 ){
    /* If there is no type specified, columns have the default affinity
    ** 'BLOB' with a default size of 4 bytes. */
    pCol->affinity = SQLITE_AFF_BLOB;
    pCol->szEst = 1;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SORTER_REFERENCES
    if( 4>=sqlite3GlobalConfig.szSorterRef ){
      pCol->colFlags |= COLFLAG_SORTERREF;
    }
#endif
  }else{
    zType = z + sqlite3Strlen30(z) + 1;
    memcpy(zType, pType->z, pType->n);
    zType[pType->n] = 0;
    sqlite3Dequote(zType);
    pCol->affinity = sqlite3AffinityType(zType, pCol);
    pCol->colFlags |= COLFLAG_HASTYPE;
  }
  p->nCol++;
  pParse->constraintName.n = 0;
}

/*
................................................................................
** 'REAL'        | SQLITE_AFF_REAL
** 'FLOA'        | SQLITE_AFF_REAL
** 'DOUB'        | SQLITE_AFF_REAL
**
** If none of the substrings in the above table are found,
** SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC is returned.
*/
char sqlite3AffinityType(const char *zIn, Column *pCol){
  u32 h = 0;
  char aff = SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC;
  const char *zChar = 0;

  assert( zIn!=0 );
  while( zIn[0] ){
    h = (h<<8) + sqlite3UpperToLower[(*zIn)&0xff];
................................................................................
#endif
    }else if( (h&0x00FFFFFF)==(('i'<<16)+('n'<<8)+'t') ){    /* INT */
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER;
      break;
    }
  }

  /* If pCol is not NULL, store an estimate of the field size.  The
  ** estimate is scaled so that the size of an integer is 1.  */
  if( pCol ){
    int v = 0;   /* default size is approx 4 bytes */
    if( aff<SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC ){
      if( zChar ){
        while( zChar[0] ){
          if( sqlite3Isdigit(zChar[0]) ){
            /* BLOB(k), VARCHAR(k), CHAR(k) -> r=(k/4+1) */
            sqlite3GetInt32(zChar, &v);



            break;
          }
          zChar++;
        }
      }else{
        v = 16;   /* BLOB, TEXT, CLOB -> r=5  (approx 20 bytes)*/
      }
    }
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SORTER_REFERENCES
    if( v>=sqlite3GlobalConfig.szSorterRef ){
      pCol->colFlags |= COLFLAG_SORTERREF;
    }
#endif
    v = v/4 + 1;
    if( v>255 ) v = 255;
    pCol->szEst = v;
  }
  return aff;
}

/*
** The expression is the default value for the most recently added column
** of the table currently under construction.
................................................................................
  assert( pTab!=0 );
  assert( pParse->nErr==0 );
  if( sqlite3StrNICmp(pTab->zName, "sqlite_", 7)==0 
       && db->init.busy==0
#if SQLITE_USER_AUTHENTICATION
       && sqlite3UserAuthTable(pTab->zName)==0
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ALLOW_SQLITE_MASTER_INDEX
       && sqlite3StrICmp(&pTab->zName[7],"master")!=0
#endif
       && sqlite3StrNICmp(&pTab->zName[7],"altertab_",9)!=0
 ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "table %s may not be indexed", pTab->zName);
    goto exit_create_index;
  }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW
  if( pTab->pSelect ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "views may not be indexed");
    goto exit_create_index;

Changes to src/ctime.c.

281
282
283
284
285
286
287



288
289
290
291
292
293
294
  "ENABLE_SELECTTRACE",
#endif
#if SQLITE_ENABLE_SESSION
  "ENABLE_SESSION",
#endif
#if SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT
  "ENABLE_SNAPSHOT",



#endif
#if SQLITE_ENABLE_SQLLOG
  "ENABLE_SQLLOG",
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4)
  "ENABLE_STAT4",
#elif defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3)







>
>
>







281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
  "ENABLE_SELECTTRACE",
#endif
#if SQLITE_ENABLE_SESSION
  "ENABLE_SESSION",
#endif
#if SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT
  "ENABLE_SNAPSHOT",
#endif
#if SQLITE_ENABLE_SORTER_REFERENCES
  "ENABLE_SORTER_REFERENCES",
#endif
#if SQLITE_ENABLE_SQLLOG
  "ENABLE_SQLLOG",
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4)
  "ENABLE_STAT4",
#elif defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3)

Changes to src/delete.c.

234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
...
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
...
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374



375
376
377
378
379
380
381
...
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
...
440
441
442
443
444
445
446

447
448
449

450
451
452
453
454
455
456
...
585
586
587
588
589
590
591
592
593
594
595
596
597
598
599
  int iDataCur = 0;      /* VDBE cursor for the canonical data source */
  int iIdxCur = 0;       /* Cursor number of the first index */
  int nIdx;              /* Number of indices */
  sqlite3 *db;           /* Main database structure */
  AuthContext sContext;  /* Authorization context */
  NameContext sNC;       /* Name context to resolve expressions in */
  int iDb;               /* Database number */
  int memCnt = -1;       /* Memory cell used for change counting */
  int rcauth;            /* Value returned by authorization callback */
  int eOnePass;          /* ONEPASS_OFF or _SINGLE or _MULTI */
  int aiCurOnePass[2];   /* The write cursors opened by WHERE_ONEPASS */
  u8 *aToOpen = 0;       /* Open cursor iTabCur+j if aToOpen[j] is true */
  Index *pPk;            /* The PRIMARY KEY index on the table */
  int iPk = 0;           /* First of nPk registers holding PRIMARY KEY value */
  i16 nPk = 1;           /* Number of columns in the PRIMARY KEY */
................................................................................
  /* Begin generating code.
  */
  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( v==0 ){
    goto delete_from_cleanup;
  }
  if( pParse->nested==0 ) sqlite3VdbeCountChanges(v);
  sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 1, iDb);

  /* If we are trying to delete from a view, realize that view into
  ** an ephemeral table.
  */
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER)
  if( isView ){
    sqlite3MaterializeView(pParse, pTab, 
................................................................................
  if( sqlite3ResolveExprNames(&sNC, pWhere) ){
    goto delete_from_cleanup;
  }

  /* Initialize the counter of the number of rows deleted, if
  ** we are counting rows.
  */
  if( db->flags & SQLITE_CountRows ){



    memCnt = ++pParse->nMem;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, memCnt);
  }

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRUNCATE_OPTIMIZATION
  /* Special case: A DELETE without a WHERE clause deletes everything.
  ** It is easier just to erase the whole table. Prior to version 3.6.5,
................................................................................
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_PREUPDATE_HOOK
   && db->xPreUpdateCallback==0
#endif
  ){
    assert( !isView );
    sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDb, pTab->tnum, 1, pTab->zName);
    if( HasRowid(pTab) ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Clear, pTab->tnum, iDb, memCnt,
                        pTab->zName, P4_STATIC);
    }
    for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
      assert( pIdx->pSchema==pTab->pSchema );
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Clear, pIdx->tnum, iDb);
    }
  }else
................................................................................
    **  ONEPASS_MULTI:  One-pass approach - any number of rows may be deleted.
    */
    pWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(pParse, pTabList, pWhere, 0, 0, wcf, iTabCur+1);
    if( pWInfo==0 ) goto delete_from_cleanup;
    eOnePass = sqlite3WhereOkOnePass(pWInfo, aiCurOnePass);
    assert( IsVirtual(pTab)==0 || eOnePass!=ONEPASS_MULTI );
    assert( IsVirtual(pTab) || bComplex || eOnePass!=ONEPASS_OFF );

  
    /* Keep track of the number of rows to be deleted */
    if( db->flags & SQLITE_CountRows ){

      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, memCnt, 1);
    }
  
    /* Extract the rowid or primary key for the current row */
    if( pPk ){
      for(i=0; i<nPk; i++){
        assert( pPk->aiColumn[i]>=0 );
................................................................................
    sqlite3AutoincrementEnd(pParse);
  }

  /* Return the number of rows that were deleted. If this routine is 
  ** generating code because of a call to sqlite3NestedParse(), do not
  ** invoke the callback function.
  */
  if( (db->flags&SQLITE_CountRows) && !pParse->nested && !pParse->pTriggerTab ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, memCnt, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "rows deleted", SQLITE_STATIC);
  }

delete_from_cleanup:
  sqlite3AuthContextPop(&sContext);







|







 







|







 







|
>
>
>







 







|







 







>


<
>







 







|







234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
...
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
...
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
...
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
...
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452

453
454
455
456
457
458
459
460
...
589
590
591
592
593
594
595
596
597
598
599
600
601
602
603
  int iDataCur = 0;      /* VDBE cursor for the canonical data source */
  int iIdxCur = 0;       /* Cursor number of the first index */
  int nIdx;              /* Number of indices */
  sqlite3 *db;           /* Main database structure */
  AuthContext sContext;  /* Authorization context */
  NameContext sNC;       /* Name context to resolve expressions in */
  int iDb;               /* Database number */
  int memCnt = 0;        /* Memory cell used for change counting */
  int rcauth;            /* Value returned by authorization callback */
  int eOnePass;          /* ONEPASS_OFF or _SINGLE or _MULTI */
  int aiCurOnePass[2];   /* The write cursors opened by WHERE_ONEPASS */
  u8 *aToOpen = 0;       /* Open cursor iTabCur+j if aToOpen[j] is true */
  Index *pPk;            /* The PRIMARY KEY index on the table */
  int iPk = 0;           /* First of nPk registers holding PRIMARY KEY value */
  i16 nPk = 1;           /* Number of columns in the PRIMARY KEY */
................................................................................
  /* Begin generating code.
  */
  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( v==0 ){
    goto delete_from_cleanup;
  }
  if( pParse->nested==0 ) sqlite3VdbeCountChanges(v);
  sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, bComplex, iDb);

  /* If we are trying to delete from a view, realize that view into
  ** an ephemeral table.
  */
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER)
  if( isView ){
    sqlite3MaterializeView(pParse, pTab, 
................................................................................
  if( sqlite3ResolveExprNames(&sNC, pWhere) ){
    goto delete_from_cleanup;
  }

  /* Initialize the counter of the number of rows deleted, if
  ** we are counting rows.
  */
  if( (db->flags & SQLITE_CountRows)!=0
   && !pParse->nested
   && !pParse->pTriggerTab
  ){
    memCnt = ++pParse->nMem;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, memCnt);
  }

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRUNCATE_OPTIMIZATION
  /* Special case: A DELETE without a WHERE clause deletes everything.
  ** It is easier just to erase the whole table. Prior to version 3.6.5,
................................................................................
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_PREUPDATE_HOOK
   && db->xPreUpdateCallback==0
#endif
  ){
    assert( !isView );
    sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDb, pTab->tnum, 1, pTab->zName);
    if( HasRowid(pTab) ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Clear, pTab->tnum, iDb, memCnt ? memCnt : -1,
                        pTab->zName, P4_STATIC);
    }
    for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
      assert( pIdx->pSchema==pTab->pSchema );
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Clear, pIdx->tnum, iDb);
    }
  }else
................................................................................
    **  ONEPASS_MULTI:  One-pass approach - any number of rows may be deleted.
    */
    pWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(pParse, pTabList, pWhere, 0, 0, wcf, iTabCur+1);
    if( pWInfo==0 ) goto delete_from_cleanup;
    eOnePass = sqlite3WhereOkOnePass(pWInfo, aiCurOnePass);
    assert( IsVirtual(pTab)==0 || eOnePass!=ONEPASS_MULTI );
    assert( IsVirtual(pTab) || bComplex || eOnePass!=ONEPASS_OFF );
    if( eOnePass!=ONEPASS_SINGLE ) sqlite3MultiWrite(pParse);
  
    /* Keep track of the number of rows to be deleted */

    if( memCnt ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, memCnt, 1);
    }
  
    /* Extract the rowid or primary key for the current row */
    if( pPk ){
      for(i=0; i<nPk; i++){
        assert( pPk->aiColumn[i]>=0 );
................................................................................
    sqlite3AutoincrementEnd(pParse);
  }

  /* Return the number of rows that were deleted. If this routine is 
  ** generating code because of a call to sqlite3NestedParse(), do not
  ** invoke the callback function.
  */
  if( memCnt ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, memCnt, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "rows deleted", SQLITE_STATIC);
  }

delete_from_cleanup:
  sqlite3AuthContextPop(&sContext);

Changes to src/expr.c.

1359
1360
1361
1362
1363
1364
1365

1366
1367
1368
1369
1370
1371
1372
....
1821
1822
1823
1824
1825
1826
1827


1828
1829
1830
1831
1832
1833
1834
....
1838
1839
1840
1841
1842
1843
1844
1845
1846
1847
1848
1849
1850
1851
1852
1853
....
2403
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2415
2416
2417
2418
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2420
2421
....
2602
2603
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2605
2606
2607
2608
2609
2610
2611
2612
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2619
2620
2621
2622
2623
2624
2625
2626
....
2650
2651
2652
2653
2654
2655
2656



2657
2658
2659
2660
2661
2662
2663
....
2691
2692
2693
2694
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2696
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2698
2699
2700
2701
2702
2703
2704
2705
....
2772
2773
2774
2775
2776
2777
2778


2779
2780
2781
2782
2783
2784
2785
....
3534
3535
3536
3537
3538
3539
3540

3541
3542
3543
3544
3545
3546
3547
....
3994
3995
3996
3997
3998
3999
4000
4001

4002
4003
4004
4005
4006
4007
4008
....
4032
4033
4034
4035
4036
4037
4038
4039
4040
4041
4042
4043
4044
4045
4046
4047
4048
4049
....
4367
4368
4369
4370
4371
4372
4373






4374
4375
4376
4377
4378
4379
4380
....
4895
4896
4897
4898
4899
4900
4901


4902
4903

4904
4905
4906
4907
4908
4909
4910
4911
4912

4913
4914
4915
4916
4917
4918
4919
....
5251
5252
5253
5254
5255
5256
5257
5258
5259

5260
5261
5262
5263
5264
5265
5266
      }
    }
    pItem->zName = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pOldItem->zName);
    pItem->zSpan = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pOldItem->zSpan);
    pItem->sortOrder = pOldItem->sortOrder;
    pItem->done = 0;
    pItem->bSpanIsTab = pOldItem->bSpanIsTab;

    pItem->u = pOldItem->u;
  }
  return pNew;
}

/*
** If cursors, triggers, views and subqueries are all omitted from
................................................................................
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_AGG_FUNCTION );
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_AGG_COLUMN );
      if( pWalker->eCode==3 && pExpr->iTable==pWalker->u.iCur ){
        return WRC_Continue;
      }
      /* Fall through */
    case TK_IF_NULL_ROW:


      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_IF_NULL_ROW );
      pWalker->eCode = 0;
      return WRC_Abort;
    case TK_VARIABLE:
      if( pWalker->eCode==5 ){
        /* Silently convert bound parameters that appear inside of CREATE
        ** statements into a NULL when parsing the CREATE statement text out
................................................................................
        /* A bound parameter in a CREATE statement that originates from
        ** sqlite3_prepare() causes an error */
        pWalker->eCode = 0;
        return WRC_Abort;
      }
      /* Fall through */
    default:
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_SELECT ); /* sqlite3SelectWalkFail will disallow */
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_EXISTS ); /* sqlite3SelectWalkFail will disallow */
      return WRC_Continue;
  }
}
static int exprIsConst(Expr *p, int initFlag, int iCur){
  Walker w;
  w.eCode = initFlag;
  w.xExprCallback = exprNodeIsConstant;
................................................................................
            if( aiMap ) aiMap[i] = j;
          }
  
          assert( i==nExpr || colUsed!=(MASKBIT(nExpr)-1) );
          if( colUsed==(MASKBIT(nExpr)-1) ){
            /* If we reach this point, that means the index pIdx is usable */
            int iAddr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Once); VdbeCoverage(v);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Explain, 0, 0, 0,
              sqlite3MPrintf(db, "USING INDEX %s FOR IN-OPERATOR",pIdx->zName),
              P4_DYNAMIC);
#endif
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenRead, iTab, pIdx->tnum, iDb);
            sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(pParse, pIdx);
            VdbeComment((v, "%s", pIdx->zName));
            assert( IN_INDEX_INDEX_DESC == IN_INDEX_INDEX_ASC+1 );
            eType = IN_INDEX_INDEX_ASC + pIdx->aSortOrder[0];
  
            if( prRhsHasNull ){
................................................................................
  ** If all of the above are false, then we can run this code just once
  ** save the results, and reuse the same result on subsequent invocations.
  */
  if( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_VarSelect) ){
    jmpIfDynamic = sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Once); VdbeCoverage(v);
  }

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
  if( pParse->explain==2 ){
    char *zMsg = sqlite3MPrintf(pParse->db, "EXECUTE %s%s SUBQUERY %d",
        jmpIfDynamic>=0?"":"CORRELATED ",
        pExpr->op==TK_IN?"LIST":"SCALAR",
        pParse->iNextSelectId
    );
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Explain, pParse->iSelectId, 0, 0, zMsg, P4_DYNAMIC);
  }
#endif

  switch( pExpr->op ){
    case TK_IN: {
      int addr;                   /* Address of OP_OpenEphemeral instruction */
      Expr *pLeft = pExpr->pLeft; /* the LHS of the IN operator */
      KeyInfo *pKeyInfo = 0;      /* Key information */
      int nVal;                   /* Size of vector pLeft */
      
................................................................................
        **
        ** Generate code to write the results of the select into the temporary
        ** table allocated and opened above.
        */
        Select *pSelect = pExpr->x.pSelect;
        ExprList *pEList = pSelect->pEList;




        assert( !isRowid );
        /* If the LHS and RHS of the IN operator do not match, that
        ** error will have been caught long before we reach this point. */
        if( ALWAYS(pEList->nExpr==nVal) ){
          SelectDest dest;
          int i;
          sqlite3SelectDestInit(&dest, SRT_Set, pExpr->iTable);
................................................................................
        ** a column, use numeric affinity.
        */
        char affinity;            /* Affinity of the LHS of the IN */
        int i;
        ExprList *pList = pExpr->x.pList;
        struct ExprList_item *pItem;
        int r1, r2, r3;

        affinity = sqlite3ExprAffinity(pLeft);
        if( !affinity ){
          affinity = SQLITE_AFF_BLOB;
        }
        if( pKeyInfo ){
          assert( sqlite3KeyInfoIsWriteable(pKeyInfo) );
          pKeyInfo->aColl[0] = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pParse, pExpr->pLeft);
................................................................................

      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_EXISTS );
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_SELECT );
      assert( pExpr->op==TK_EXISTS || pExpr->op==TK_SELECT );
      assert( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) );

      pSel = pExpr->x.pSelect;


      nReg = pExpr->op==TK_SELECT ? pSel->pEList->nExpr : 1;
      sqlite3SelectDestInit(&dest, 0, pParse->nMem+1);
      pParse->nMem += nReg;
      if( pExpr->op==TK_SELECT ){
        dest.eDest = SRT_Mem;
        dest.iSdst = dest.iSDParm;
        dest.nSdst = nReg;
................................................................................

  assert( target>0 && target<=pParse->nMem );
  if( v==0 ){
    assert( pParse->db->mallocFailed );
    return 0;
  }


  if( pExpr==0 ){
    op = TK_NULL;
  }else{
    op = pExpr->op;
  }
  switch( op ){
    case TK_AGG_COLUMN: {
................................................................................
    case TK_BETWEEN: {
      exprCodeBetween(pParse, pExpr, target, 0, 0);
      return target;
    }
    case TK_SPAN:
    case TK_COLLATE: 
    case TK_UPLUS: {
      return sqlite3ExprCodeTarget(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, target);

    }

    case TK_TRIGGER: {
      /* If the opcode is TK_TRIGGER, then the expression is a reference
      ** to a column in the new.* or old.* pseudo-tables available to
      ** trigger programs. In this case Expr.iTable is set to 1 for the
      ** new.* pseudo-table, or 0 for the old.* pseudo-table. Expr.iColumn
................................................................................

      assert( pExpr->iTable==0 || pExpr->iTable==1 );
      assert( pExpr->iColumn>=-1 && pExpr->iColumn<pTab->nCol );
      assert( pTab->iPKey<0 || pExpr->iColumn!=pTab->iPKey );
      assert( p1>=0 && p1<(pTab->nCol*2+2) );

      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Param, p1, target);
      VdbeComment((v, "%s.%s -> $%d",
        (pExpr->iTable ? "new" : "old"),
        (pExpr->iColumn<0 ? "rowid" : pExpr->pTab->aCol[pExpr->iColumn].zName),
        target
      ));

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
      /* If the column has REAL affinity, it may currently be stored as an
      ** integer. Use OP_RealAffinity to make sure it is really real.
      **
      ** EVIDENCE-OF: R-60985-57662 SQLite will convert the value back to
................................................................................
  assert( pList!=0 );
  assert( target>0 );
  assert( pParse->pVdbe!=0 );  /* Never gets this far otherwise */
  n = pList->nExpr;
  if( !ConstFactorOk(pParse) ) flags &= ~SQLITE_ECEL_FACTOR;
  for(pItem=pList->a, i=0; i<n; i++, pItem++){
    Expr *pExpr = pItem->pExpr;






    if( (flags & SQLITE_ECEL_REF)!=0 && (j = pItem->u.x.iOrderByCol)>0 ){
      if( flags & SQLITE_ECEL_OMITREF ){
        i--;
        n--;
      }else{
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, copyOp, j+srcReg-1, target+i);
      }
................................................................................
      return 1;
    }
    return 2;
  }
  if( pA->op!=TK_COLUMN && pA->op!=TK_AGG_COLUMN && pA->u.zToken ){
    if( pA->op==TK_FUNCTION ){
      if( sqlite3StrICmp(pA->u.zToken,pB->u.zToken)!=0 ) return 2;


    }else if( strcmp(pA->u.zToken,pB->u.zToken)!=0 ){
      return pA->op==TK_COLLATE ? 1 : 2;

    }
  }
  if( (pA->flags & EP_Distinct)!=(pB->flags & EP_Distinct) ) return 2;
  if( ALWAYS((combinedFlags & EP_TokenOnly)==0) ){
    if( combinedFlags & EP_xIsSelect ) return 2;
    if( sqlite3ExprCompare(pParse, pA->pLeft, pB->pLeft, iTab) ) return 2;
    if( sqlite3ExprCompare(pParse, pA->pRight, pB->pRight, iTab) ) return 2;
    if( sqlite3ExprListCompare(pA->x.pList, pB->x.pList, iTab) ) return 2;
    if( ALWAYS((combinedFlags & EP_Reduced)==0) && pA->op!=TK_STRING ){

      if( pA->iColumn!=pB->iColumn ) return 2;
      if( pA->iTable!=pB->iTable 
       && (pA->iTable!=iTab || NEVER(pB->iTable>=0)) ) return 2;
    }
  }
  return 0;
}
................................................................................
** for additional information.
*/
static int analyzeAggregate(Walker *pWalker, Expr *pExpr){
  int i;
  NameContext *pNC = pWalker->u.pNC;
  Parse *pParse = pNC->pParse;
  SrcList *pSrcList = pNC->pSrcList;
  AggInfo *pAggInfo = pNC->pAggInfo;


  switch( pExpr->op ){
    case TK_AGG_COLUMN:
    case TK_COLUMN: {
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_AGG_COLUMN );
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_COLUMN );
      /* Check to see if the column is in one of the tables in the FROM
      ** clause of the aggregate query */







>







 







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1359
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....
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2414


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2609
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5264
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      }
    }
    pItem->zName = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pOldItem->zName);
    pItem->zSpan = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pOldItem->zSpan);
    pItem->sortOrder = pOldItem->sortOrder;
    pItem->done = 0;
    pItem->bSpanIsTab = pOldItem->bSpanIsTab;
    pItem->bSorterRef = pOldItem->bSorterRef;
    pItem->u = pOldItem->u;
  }
  return pNew;
}

/*
** If cursors, triggers, views and subqueries are all omitted from
................................................................................
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_AGG_FUNCTION );
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_AGG_COLUMN );
      if( pWalker->eCode==3 && pExpr->iTable==pWalker->u.iCur ){
        return WRC_Continue;
      }
      /* Fall through */
    case TK_IF_NULL_ROW:
    case TK_REGISTER:
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_REGISTER );
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_IF_NULL_ROW );
      pWalker->eCode = 0;
      return WRC_Abort;
    case TK_VARIABLE:
      if( pWalker->eCode==5 ){
        /* Silently convert bound parameters that appear inside of CREATE
        ** statements into a NULL when parsing the CREATE statement text out
................................................................................
        /* A bound parameter in a CREATE statement that originates from
        ** sqlite3_prepare() causes an error */
        pWalker->eCode = 0;
        return WRC_Abort;
      }
      /* Fall through */
    default:
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_SELECT ); /* sqlite3SelectWalkFail() disallows */
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_EXISTS ); /* sqlite3SelectWalkFail() disallows */
      return WRC_Continue;
  }
}
static int exprIsConst(Expr *p, int initFlag, int iCur){
  Walker w;
  w.eCode = initFlag;
  w.xExprCallback = exprNodeIsConstant;
................................................................................
            if( aiMap ) aiMap[i] = j;
          }
  
          assert( i==nExpr || colUsed!=(MASKBIT(nExpr)-1) );
          if( colUsed==(MASKBIT(nExpr)-1) ){
            /* If we reach this point, that means the index pIdx is usable */
            int iAddr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Once); VdbeCoverage(v);
            ExplainQueryPlan((pParse, 0,

                              "USING INDEX %s FOR IN-OPERATOR",pIdx->zName));


            sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenRead, iTab, pIdx->tnum, iDb);
            sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(pParse, pIdx);
            VdbeComment((v, "%s", pIdx->zName));
            assert( IN_INDEX_INDEX_DESC == IN_INDEX_INDEX_ASC+1 );
            eType = IN_INDEX_INDEX_ASC + pIdx->aSortOrder[0];
  
            if( prRhsHasNull ){
................................................................................
  ** If all of the above are false, then we can run this code just once
  ** save the results, and reuse the same result on subsequent invocations.
  */
  if( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_VarSelect) ){
    jmpIfDynamic = sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Once); VdbeCoverage(v);
  }












  switch( pExpr->op ){
    case TK_IN: {
      int addr;                   /* Address of OP_OpenEphemeral instruction */
      Expr *pLeft = pExpr->pLeft; /* the LHS of the IN operator */
      KeyInfo *pKeyInfo = 0;      /* Key information */
      int nVal;                   /* Size of vector pLeft */
      
................................................................................
        **
        ** Generate code to write the results of the select into the temporary
        ** table allocated and opened above.
        */
        Select *pSelect = pExpr->x.pSelect;
        ExprList *pEList = pSelect->pEList;

        ExplainQueryPlan((pParse, 1, "%sLIST SUBQUERY",
            jmpIfDynamic>=0?"":"CORRELATED "
        ));
        assert( !isRowid );
        /* If the LHS and RHS of the IN operator do not match, that
        ** error will have been caught long before we reach this point. */
        if( ALWAYS(pEList->nExpr==nVal) ){
          SelectDest dest;
          int i;
          sqlite3SelectDestInit(&dest, SRT_Set, pExpr->iTable);
................................................................................
        ** a column, use numeric affinity.
        */
        char affinity;            /* Affinity of the LHS of the IN */
        int i;
        ExprList *pList = pExpr->x.pList;
        struct ExprList_item *pItem;
        int r1, r2, r3;

        affinity = sqlite3ExprAffinity(pLeft);
        if( !affinity ){
          affinity = SQLITE_AFF_BLOB;
        }
        if( pKeyInfo ){
          assert( sqlite3KeyInfoIsWriteable(pKeyInfo) );
          pKeyInfo->aColl[0] = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pParse, pExpr->pLeft);
................................................................................

      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_EXISTS );
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_SELECT );
      assert( pExpr->op==TK_EXISTS || pExpr->op==TK_SELECT );
      assert( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) );

      pSel = pExpr->x.pSelect;
      ExplainQueryPlan((pParse, 1, "%sSCALAR SUBQUERY",
            jmpIfDynamic>=0?"":"CORRELATED "));
      nReg = pExpr->op==TK_SELECT ? pSel->pEList->nExpr : 1;
      sqlite3SelectDestInit(&dest, 0, pParse->nMem+1);
      pParse->nMem += nReg;
      if( pExpr->op==TK_SELECT ){
        dest.eDest = SRT_Mem;
        dest.iSdst = dest.iSDParm;
        dest.nSdst = nReg;
................................................................................

  assert( target>0 && target<=pParse->nMem );
  if( v==0 ){
    assert( pParse->db->mallocFailed );
    return 0;
  }

expr_code_doover:
  if( pExpr==0 ){
    op = TK_NULL;
  }else{
    op = pExpr->op;
  }
  switch( op ){
    case TK_AGG_COLUMN: {
................................................................................
    case TK_BETWEEN: {
      exprCodeBetween(pParse, pExpr, target, 0, 0);
      return target;
    }
    case TK_SPAN:
    case TK_COLLATE: 
    case TK_UPLUS: {
      pExpr = pExpr->pLeft;
      goto expr_code_doover;
    }

    case TK_TRIGGER: {
      /* If the opcode is TK_TRIGGER, then the expression is a reference
      ** to a column in the new.* or old.* pseudo-tables available to
      ** trigger programs. In this case Expr.iTable is set to 1 for the
      ** new.* pseudo-table, or 0 for the old.* pseudo-table. Expr.iColumn
................................................................................

      assert( pExpr->iTable==0 || pExpr->iTable==1 );
      assert( pExpr->iColumn>=-1 && pExpr->iColumn<pTab->nCol );
      assert( pTab->iPKey<0 || pExpr->iColumn!=pTab->iPKey );
      assert( p1>=0 && p1<(pTab->nCol*2+2) );

      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Param, p1, target);
      VdbeComment((v, "r[%d]=%s.%s", target,
        (pExpr->iTable ? "new" : "old"),
        (pExpr->iColumn<0 ? "rowid" : pExpr->pTab->aCol[pExpr->iColumn].zName)

      ));

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
      /* If the column has REAL affinity, it may currently be stored as an
      ** integer. Use OP_RealAffinity to make sure it is really real.
      **
      ** EVIDENCE-OF: R-60985-57662 SQLite will convert the value back to
................................................................................
  assert( pList!=0 );
  assert( target>0 );
  assert( pParse->pVdbe!=0 );  /* Never gets this far otherwise */
  n = pList->nExpr;
  if( !ConstFactorOk(pParse) ) flags &= ~SQLITE_ECEL_FACTOR;
  for(pItem=pList->a, i=0; i<n; i++, pItem++){
    Expr *pExpr = pItem->pExpr;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SORTER_REFERENCES
    if( pItem->bSorterRef ){
      i--;
      n--;
    }else
#endif
    if( (flags & SQLITE_ECEL_REF)!=0 && (j = pItem->u.x.iOrderByCol)>0 ){
      if( flags & SQLITE_ECEL_OMITREF ){
        i--;
        n--;
      }else{
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, copyOp, j+srcReg-1, target+i);
      }
................................................................................
      return 1;
    }
    return 2;
  }
  if( pA->op!=TK_COLUMN && pA->op!=TK_AGG_COLUMN && pA->u.zToken ){
    if( pA->op==TK_FUNCTION ){
      if( sqlite3StrICmp(pA->u.zToken,pB->u.zToken)!=0 ) return 2;
    }else if( pA->op==TK_COLLATE ){
      if( sqlite3_stricmp(pA->u.zToken,pB->u.zToken)!=0 ) return 2;
    }else if( strcmp(pA->u.zToken,pB->u.zToken)!=0 ){

      return 2;
    }
  }
  if( (pA->flags & EP_Distinct)!=(pB->flags & EP_Distinct) ) return 2;
  if( ALWAYS((combinedFlags & EP_TokenOnly)==0) ){
    if( combinedFlags & EP_xIsSelect ) return 2;
    if( sqlite3ExprCompare(pParse, pA->pLeft, pB->pLeft, iTab) ) return 2;
    if( sqlite3ExprCompare(pParse, pA->pRight, pB->pRight, iTab) ) return 2;
    if( sqlite3ExprListCompare(pA->x.pList, pB->x.pList, iTab) ) return 2;
    assert( (combinedFlags & EP_Reduced)==0 );
    if( pA->op!=TK_STRING && pA->op!=TK_TRUEFALSE ){
      if( pA->iColumn!=pB->iColumn ) return 2;
      if( pA->iTable!=pB->iTable 
       && (pA->iTable!=iTab || NEVER(pB->iTable>=0)) ) return 2;
    }
  }
  return 0;
}
................................................................................
** for additional information.
*/
static int analyzeAggregate(Walker *pWalker, Expr *pExpr){
  int i;
  NameContext *pNC = pWalker->u.pNC;
  Parse *pParse = pNC->pParse;
  SrcList *pSrcList = pNC->pSrcList;
  AggInfo *pAggInfo = pNC->uNC.pAggInfo;

  assert( pNC->ncFlags & NC_UAggInfo );
  switch( pExpr->op ){
    case TK_AGG_COLUMN:
    case TK_COLUMN: {
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_AGG_COLUMN );
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_COLUMN );
      /* Check to see if the column is in one of the tables in the FROM
      ** clause of the aggregate query */

Changes to src/global.c.

236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243

244
245
246
247
248
249
250
   0,                         /* xVdbeBranch */
   0,                         /* pVbeBranchArg */
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_UNTESTABLE
   0,                         /* xTestCallback */
#endif
   0,                         /* bLocaltimeFault */
   0x7ffffffe                 /* iOnceResetThreshold */

};

/*
** Hash table for global functions - functions common to all
** database connections.  After initialization, this table is
** read-only.
*/







|
>







236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
   0,                         /* xVdbeBranch */
   0,                         /* pVbeBranchArg */
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_UNTESTABLE
   0,                         /* xTestCallback */
#endif
   0,                         /* bLocaltimeFault */
   0x7ffffffe,                /* iOnceResetThreshold */
   SQLITE_DEFAULT_SORTERREF_SIZE   /* szSorterRef */
};

/*
** Hash table for global functions - functions common to all
** database connections.  After initialization, this table is
** read-only.
*/

Changes to src/insert.c.

484
485
486
487
488
489
490
491

492
493
494
495
496
497
498
...
779
780
781
782
783
784
785
786



787
788
789
790
791
792
793
...
799
800
801
802
803
804
805













806
807
808
809
810
811
812
....
1001
1002
1003
1004
1005
1006
1007
1008
1009
1010
1011
1012
1013
1014
1015
....
1024
1025
1026
1027
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1034
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1037
1038
....
1061
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1075
1076

1077
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1080
1081
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1083
....
1140
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1146






































1147
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1149
1150
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1152
1153
....
1236
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1260
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1266

1267
1268
1269
1270
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1272
1273
....
1358
1359
1360
1361
1362
1363
1364








































1365
1366
1367
1368
1369
1370
1371
....
1372
1373
1374
1375
1376
1377
1378


























1379
1380
1381
1382
1383
1384
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1404

1405
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1414
1415
1416



1417
1418
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1420
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1423
....
1446
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1456
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1460
1461
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1466
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1468
1469






1470
1471

1472
1473
1474
1475
1476
1477
1478
1479
1480
1481
1482
1483
1484
1485
1486
....
1490
1491
1492
1493
1494
1495
1496









1497
1498
1499
1500
1501
1502
1503
1504
1505
1506
1507
1508
1509
....
1554
1555
1556
1557
1558
1559
1560


















1561
1562
1563
1564
1565
1566
1567
....
1637
1638
1639
1640
1641
1642
1643
1644
1645
1646
1647
1648



1649
1650
1651






1652

1653
1654
1655
1656
1657
1658
1659
....
1663
1664
1665
1666
1667
1668
1669



1670

1671
1672
1673
1674
1675
1676
1677




1678
1679
1680
1681
1682
1683
1684
**      D: cleanup
*/
void sqlite3Insert(
  Parse *pParse,        /* Parser context */
  SrcList *pTabList,    /* Name of table into which we are inserting */
  Select *pSelect,      /* A SELECT statement to use as the data source */
  IdList *pColumn,      /* Column names corresponding to IDLIST. */
  int onError           /* How to handle constraint errors */

){
  sqlite3 *db;          /* The main database structure */
  Table *pTab;          /* The table to insert into.  aka TABLE */
  int i, j;             /* Loop counters */
  Vdbe *v;              /* Generate code into this virtual machine */
  Index *pIdx;          /* For looping over indices of the table */
  int nColumn;          /* Number of columns in the data */
................................................................................
  if( pColumn!=0 && nColumn!=pColumn->nId ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "%d values for %d columns", nColumn, pColumn->nId);
    goto insert_cleanup;
  }
    
  /* Initialize the count of rows to be inserted
  */
  if( db->flags & SQLITE_CountRows ){



    regRowCount = ++pParse->nMem;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, regRowCount);
  }

  /* If this is not a view, open the table and and all indices */
  if( !isView ){
    int nIdx;
................................................................................
    }
    for(i=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; i<nIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, i++){
      assert( pIdx );
      aRegIdx[i] = ++pParse->nMem;
      pParse->nMem += pIdx->nColumn;
    }
  }














  /* This is the top of the main insertion loop */
  if( useTempTable ){
    /* This block codes the top of loop only.  The complete loop is the
    ** following pseudocode (template 4):
    **
    **         rewind temp table, if empty goto D
................................................................................
      sqlite3MayAbort(pParse);
    }else
#endif
    {
      int isReplace;    /* Set to true if constraints may cause a replace */
      int bUseSeek;     /* True to use OPFLAG_SEEKRESULT */
      sqlite3GenerateConstraintChecks(pParse, pTab, aRegIdx, iDataCur, iIdxCur,
          regIns, 0, ipkColumn>=0, onError, endOfLoop, &isReplace, 0
      );
      sqlite3FkCheck(pParse, pTab, 0, regIns, 0, 0);

      /* Set the OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT flag if either (a) there are no REPLACE
      ** constraints or (b) there are no triggers and this table is not a
      ** parent table in a foreign key constraint. It is safe to set the
      ** flag in the second case as if any REPLACE constraint is hit, an
................................................................................
          regIns, aRegIdx, 0, appendFlag, bUseSeek
      );
    }
  }

  /* Update the count of rows that are inserted
  */
  if( (db->flags & SQLITE_CountRows)!=0 ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, regRowCount, 1);
  }

  if( pTrigger ){
    /* Code AFTER triggers */
    sqlite3CodeRowTrigger(pParse, pTrigger, TK_INSERT, 0, TRIGGER_AFTER, 
        pTab, regData-2-pTab->nCol, onError, endOfLoop);
................................................................................
  }

  /*
  ** Return the number of rows inserted. If this routine is 
  ** generating code because of a call to sqlite3NestedParse(), do not
  ** invoke the callback function.
  */
  if( (db->flags&SQLITE_CountRows) && !pParse->nested && !pParse->pTriggerTab ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, regRowCount, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "rows inserted", SQLITE_STATIC);
  }

insert_cleanup:
  sqlite3SrcListDelete(db, pTabList);
  sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, pList);

  sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pSelect);
  sqlite3IdListDelete(db, pColumn);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, aRegIdx);
}

/* Make sure "isView" and other macros defined above are undefined. Otherwise
** they may interfere with compilation of other functions in this file
................................................................................
  }
  testcase( w.eCode==0 );
  testcase( w.eCode==CKCNSTRNT_COLUMN );
  testcase( w.eCode==CKCNSTRNT_ROWID );
  testcase( w.eCode==(CKCNSTRNT_ROWID|CKCNSTRNT_COLUMN) );
  return !w.eCode;
}







































/*
** Generate code to do constraint checks prior to an INSERT or an UPDATE
** on table pTab.
**
** The regNewData parameter is the first register in a range that contains
** the data to be inserted or the data after the update.  There will be
................................................................................
  int iIdxCur,         /* First index cursor */
  int regNewData,      /* First register in a range holding values to insert */
  int regOldData,      /* Previous content.  0 for INSERTs */
  u8 pkChng,           /* Non-zero if the rowid or PRIMARY KEY changed */
  u8 overrideError,    /* Override onError to this if not OE_Default */
  int ignoreDest,      /* Jump to this label on an OE_Ignore resolution */
  int *pbMayReplace,   /* OUT: Set to true if constraint may cause a replace */
  int *aiChng          /* column i is unchanged if aiChng[i]<0 */

){
  Vdbe *v;             /* VDBE under constrution */
  Index *pIdx;         /* Pointer to one of the indices */
  Index *pPk = 0;      /* The PRIMARY KEY index */
  sqlite3 *db;         /* Database connection */
  int i;               /* loop counter */
  int ix;              /* Index loop counter */
  int nCol;            /* Number of columns */
  int onError;         /* Conflict resolution strategy */
  int addr1;           /* Address of jump instruction */
  int seenReplace = 0; /* True if REPLACE is used to resolve INT PK conflict */
  int nPkField;        /* Number of fields in PRIMARY KEY. 1 for ROWID tables */
  int ipkTop = 0;      /* Top of the rowid change constraint check */
  int ipkBottom = 0;   /* Bottom of the rowid change constraint check */
  u8 isUpdate;         /* True if this is an UPDATE operation */
  u8 bAffinityDone = 0;  /* True if the OP_Affinity operation has been run */


  isUpdate = regOldData!=0;
  db = pParse->db;
  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  assert( v!=0 );
  assert( pTab->pSelect==0 );  /* This table is not a VIEW */
  nCol = pTab->nCol;

  
  /* pPk is the PRIMARY KEY index for WITHOUT ROWID tables and NULL for
  ** normal rowid tables.  nPkField is the number of key fields in the 
  ** pPk index or 1 for a rowid table.  In other words, nPkField is the
  ** number of fields in the true primary key of the table. */
  if( HasRowid(pTab) ){
    pPk = 0;
................................................................................
                              P5_ConstraintCheck);
      }
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, allOk);
    }
    pParse->iSelfTab = 0;
  }
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK) */









































  /* If rowid is changing, make sure the new rowid does not previously
  ** exist in the table.
  */
  if( pkChng && pPk==0 ){
    int addrRowidOk = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);

................................................................................
    /* Figure out what action to take in case of a rowid collision */
    onError = pTab->keyConf;
    if( overrideError!=OE_Default ){
      onError = overrideError;
    }else if( onError==OE_Default ){
      onError = OE_Abort;
    }



























    if( isUpdate ){
      /* pkChng!=0 does not mean that the rowid has changed, only that
      ** it might have changed.  Skip the conflict logic below if the rowid
      ** is unchanged. */
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Eq, regNewData, addrRowidOk, regOldData);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, SQLITE_NOTNULL);
      VdbeCoverage(v);
    }

    /* If the response to a rowid conflict is REPLACE but the response
    ** to some other UNIQUE constraint is FAIL or IGNORE, then we need
    ** to defer the running of the rowid conflict checking until after
    ** the UNIQUE constraints have run.
    */
    if( onError==OE_Replace && overrideError!=OE_Replace ){
      for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
        if( pIdx->onError==OE_Ignore || pIdx->onError==OE_Fail ){
          ipkTop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Goto);
          break;
        }
      }
    }

    /* Check to see if the new rowid already exists in the table.  Skip
    ** the following conflict logic if it does not. */

    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, iDataCur, addrRowidOk, regNewData);
    VdbeCoverage(v);

    /* Generate code that deals with a rowid collision */
    switch( onError ){
      default: {
        onError = OE_Abort;
        /* Fall thru into the next case */
      }
      case OE_Rollback:
      case OE_Abort:
      case OE_Fail: {



        sqlite3RowidConstraint(pParse, onError, pTab);
        break;
      }
      case OE_Replace: {
        /* If there are DELETE triggers on this table and the
        ** recursive-triggers flag is set, call GenerateRowDelete() to
        ** remove the conflicting row from the table. This will fire
................................................................................
        }
        if( pTrigger || sqlite3FkRequired(pParse, pTab, 0, 0) ){
          sqlite3MultiWrite(pParse);
          sqlite3GenerateRowDelete(pParse, pTab, pTrigger, iDataCur, iIdxCur,
                                   regNewData, 1, 0, OE_Replace, 1, -1);
        }else{
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_PREUPDATE_HOOK
          if( HasRowid(pTab) ){
            /* This OP_Delete opcode fires the pre-update-hook only. It does
            ** not modify the b-tree. It is more efficient to let the coming
            ** OP_Insert replace the existing entry than it is to delete the
            ** existing entry and then insert a new one. */
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Delete, iDataCur, OPFLAG_ISNOOP);
            sqlite3VdbeAppendP4(v, pTab, P4_TABLE);
          }
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_PREUPDATE_HOOK */
          if( pTab->pIndex ){
            sqlite3MultiWrite(pParse);
            sqlite3GenerateRowIndexDelete(pParse, pTab, iDataCur, iIdxCur,0,-1);
          }
        }
        seenReplace = 1;
        break;
      }






      case OE_Ignore: {
        /*assert( seenReplace==0 );*/

        sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, ignoreDest);
        break;
      }
    }
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrRowidOk);
    if( ipkTop ){
      ipkBottom = sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Goto);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, ipkTop);
    }
  }

  /* Test all UNIQUE constraints by creating entries for each UNIQUE
  ** index and making sure that duplicate entries do not already exist.
  ** Compute the revised record entries for indices as we go.
  **
................................................................................
  for(ix=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, ix++){
    int regIdx;          /* Range of registers hold conent for pIdx */
    int regR;            /* Range of registers holding conflicting PK */
    int iThisCur;        /* Cursor for this UNIQUE index */
    int addrUniqueOk;    /* Jump here if the UNIQUE constraint is satisfied */

    if( aRegIdx[ix]==0 ) continue;  /* Skip indices that do not change */









    if( bAffinityDone==0 ){
      sqlite3TableAffinity(v, pTab, regNewData+1);
      bAffinityDone = 1;
    }
    iThisCur = iIdxCur+ix;
    addrUniqueOk = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);

    /* Skip partial indices for which the WHERE clause is not true */
    if( pIdx->pPartIdxWhere ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, aRegIdx[ix]);
      pParse->iSelfTab = -(regNewData+1);
      sqlite3ExprIfFalseDup(pParse, pIdx->pPartIdxWhere, addrUniqueOk,
                            SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
................................................................................
      continue;  /* pIdx is not a UNIQUE index */
    }
    if( overrideError!=OE_Default ){
      onError = overrideError;
    }else if( onError==OE_Default ){
      onError = OE_Abort;
    }



















    /* Collision detection may be omitted if all of the following are true:
    **   (1) The conflict resolution algorithm is REPLACE
    **   (2) The table is a WITHOUT ROWID table
    **   (3) There are no secondary indexes on the table
    **   (4) No delete triggers need to be fired if there is a conflict
    **   (5) No FK constraint counters need to be updated if a conflict occurs.
................................................................................
          }
        }
      }
    }

    /* Generate code that executes if the new index entry is not unique */
    assert( onError==OE_Rollback || onError==OE_Abort || onError==OE_Fail
        || onError==OE_Ignore || onError==OE_Replace );
    switch( onError ){
      case OE_Rollback:
      case OE_Abort:
      case OE_Fail: {



        sqlite3UniqueConstraint(pParse, onError, pIdx);
        break;
      }






      case OE_Ignore: {

        sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, ignoreDest);
        break;
      }
      default: {
        Trigger *pTrigger = 0;
        assert( onError==OE_Replace );
        sqlite3MultiWrite(pParse);
................................................................................
        sqlite3GenerateRowDelete(pParse, pTab, pTrigger, iDataCur, iIdxCur,
            regR, nPkField, 0, OE_Replace,
            (pIdx==pPk ? ONEPASS_SINGLE : ONEPASS_OFF), iThisCur);
        seenReplace = 1;
        break;
      }
    }



    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrUniqueOk);

    sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse);
    if( regR!=regIdx ) sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, regR, nPkField);
  }
  if( ipkTop ){
    sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, ipkTop+1);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, ipkBottom);
  }




  
  *pbMayReplace = seenReplace;
  VdbeModuleComment((v, "END: GenCnstCks(%d)", seenReplace));
}

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_NULL_TRIM
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**      D: cleanup
*/
void sqlite3Insert(
  Parse *pParse,        /* Parser context */
  SrcList *pTabList,    /* Name of table into which we are inserting */
  Select *pSelect,      /* A SELECT statement to use as the data source */
  IdList *pColumn,      /* Column names corresponding to IDLIST. */
  int onError,          /* How to handle constraint errors */
  Upsert *pUpsert       /* ON CONFLICT clauses for upsert, or NULL */
){
  sqlite3 *db;          /* The main database structure */
  Table *pTab;          /* The table to insert into.  aka TABLE */
  int i, j;             /* Loop counters */
  Vdbe *v;              /* Generate code into this virtual machine */
  Index *pIdx;          /* For looping over indices of the table */
  int nColumn;          /* Number of columns in the data */
................................................................................
  if( pColumn!=0 && nColumn!=pColumn->nId ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "%d values for %d columns", nColumn, pColumn->nId);
    goto insert_cleanup;
  }
    
  /* Initialize the count of rows to be inserted
  */
  if( (db->flags & SQLITE_CountRows)!=0
   && !pParse->nested
   && !pParse->pTriggerTab
  ){
    regRowCount = ++pParse->nMem;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, regRowCount);
  }

  /* If this is not a view, open the table and and all indices */
  if( !isView ){
    int nIdx;
................................................................................
    }
    for(i=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; i<nIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, i++){
      assert( pIdx );
      aRegIdx[i] = ++pParse->nMem;
      pParse->nMem += pIdx->nColumn;
    }
  }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_UPSERT
  if( pUpsert ){
    pTabList->a[0].iCursor = iDataCur;
    pUpsert->pUpsertSrc = pTabList;
    pUpsert->regData = regData;
    pUpsert->iDataCur = iDataCur;
    pUpsert->iIdxCur = iIdxCur;
    if( pUpsert->pUpsertTarget ){
      sqlite3UpsertAnalyzeTarget(pParse, pTabList, pUpsert);
    }
  }
#endif


  /* This is the top of the main insertion loop */
  if( useTempTable ){
    /* This block codes the top of loop only.  The complete loop is the
    ** following pseudocode (template 4):
    **
    **         rewind temp table, if empty goto D
................................................................................
      sqlite3MayAbort(pParse);
    }else
#endif
    {
      int isReplace;    /* Set to true if constraints may cause a replace */
      int bUseSeek;     /* True to use OPFLAG_SEEKRESULT */
      sqlite3GenerateConstraintChecks(pParse, pTab, aRegIdx, iDataCur, iIdxCur,
          regIns, 0, ipkColumn>=0, onError, endOfLoop, &isReplace, 0, pUpsert
      );
      sqlite3FkCheck(pParse, pTab, 0, regIns, 0, 0);

      /* Set the OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT flag if either (a) there are no REPLACE
      ** constraints or (b) there are no triggers and this table is not a
      ** parent table in a foreign key constraint. It is safe to set the
      ** flag in the second case as if any REPLACE constraint is hit, an
................................................................................
          regIns, aRegIdx, 0, appendFlag, bUseSeek
      );
    }
  }

  /* Update the count of rows that are inserted
  */
  if( regRowCount ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, regRowCount, 1);
  }

  if( pTrigger ){
    /* Code AFTER triggers */
    sqlite3CodeRowTrigger(pParse, pTrigger, TK_INSERT, 0, TRIGGER_AFTER, 
        pTab, regData-2-pTab->nCol, onError, endOfLoop);
................................................................................
  }

  /*
  ** Return the number of rows inserted. If this routine is 
  ** generating code because of a call to sqlite3NestedParse(), do not
  ** invoke the callback function.
  */
  if( regRowCount ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, regRowCount, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "rows inserted", SQLITE_STATIC);
  }

insert_cleanup:
  sqlite3SrcListDelete(db, pTabList);
  sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, pList);
  sqlite3UpsertDelete(db, pUpsert);
  sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pSelect);
  sqlite3IdListDelete(db, pColumn);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, aRegIdx);
}

/* Make sure "isView" and other macros defined above are undefined. Otherwise
** they may interfere with compilation of other functions in this file
................................................................................
  }
  testcase( w.eCode==0 );
  testcase( w.eCode==CKCNSTRNT_COLUMN );
  testcase( w.eCode==CKCNSTRNT_ROWID );
  testcase( w.eCode==(CKCNSTRNT_ROWID|CKCNSTRNT_COLUMN) );
  return !w.eCode;
}

/*
** An instance of the ConstraintAddr object remembers the byte-code addresses
** for sections of the constraint checks that deal with uniqueness constraints
** on the rowid and on the upsert constraint.
**
** This information is passed into checkReorderConstraintChecks() to insert
** some OP_Goto operations so that the rowid and upsert constraints occur
** in the correct order relative to other constraints.
*/
typedef struct ConstraintAddr ConstraintAddr;
struct ConstraintAddr {
  int ipkTop;          /* Subroutine for rowid constraint check */
  int upsertTop;       /* Label for upsert constraint check subroutine */
  int upsertTop2;      /* Copy of upsertTop not cleared by the call */
  int upsertBtm;       /* upsert constraint returns to this label */
  int ipkBtm;          /* Return opcode rowid constraint check */
};

/*
** Generate any OP_Goto operations needed to cause constraints to be
** run that haven't already been run.
*/
static void reorderConstraintChecks(Vdbe *v, ConstraintAddr *p){
  if( p->upsertTop ){
    testcase( sqlite3VdbeLabelHasBeenResolved(v, p->upsertTop) );
    sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, p->upsertTop);
    VdbeComment((v, "call upsert subroutine"));
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, p->upsertBtm);
    p->upsertTop = 0;
  }
  if( p->ipkTop ){
    sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, p->ipkTop);
    VdbeComment((v, "call rowid unique-check subroutine"));
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, p->ipkBtm);
    p->ipkTop = 0;
  }
}

/*
** Generate code to do constraint checks prior to an INSERT or an UPDATE
** on table pTab.
**
** The regNewData parameter is the first register in a range that contains
** the data to be inserted or the data after the update.  There will be
................................................................................
  int iIdxCur,         /* First index cursor */
  int regNewData,      /* First register in a range holding values to insert */
  int regOldData,      /* Previous content.  0 for INSERTs */
  u8 pkChng,           /* Non-zero if the rowid or PRIMARY KEY changed */
  u8 overrideError,    /* Override onError to this if not OE_Default */
  int ignoreDest,      /* Jump to this label on an OE_Ignore resolution */
  int *pbMayReplace,   /* OUT: Set to true if constraint may cause a replace */
  int *aiChng,         /* column i is unchanged if aiChng[i]<0 */
  Upsert *pUpsert      /* ON CONFLICT clauses, if any.  NULL otherwise */
){
  Vdbe *v;             /* VDBE under constrution */
  Index *pIdx;         /* Pointer to one of the indices */
  Index *pPk = 0;      /* The PRIMARY KEY index */
  sqlite3 *db;         /* Database connection */
  int i;               /* loop counter */
  int ix;              /* Index loop counter */
  int nCol;            /* Number of columns */
  int onError;         /* Conflict resolution strategy */
  int addr1;           /* Address of jump instruction */
  int seenReplace = 0; /* True if REPLACE is used to resolve INT PK conflict */
  int nPkField;        /* Number of fields in PRIMARY KEY. 1 for ROWID tables */
  ConstraintAddr sAddr;/* Address information for constraint reordering */
  Index *pUpIdx = 0;   /* Index to which to apply the upsert */
  u8 isUpdate;         /* True if this is an UPDATE operation */
  u8 bAffinityDone = 0;  /* True if the OP_Affinity operation has been run */
  int upsertBypass = 0;  /* Address of Goto to bypass upsert subroutine */

  isUpdate = regOldData!=0;
  db = pParse->db;
  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  assert( v!=0 );
  assert( pTab->pSelect==0 );  /* This table is not a VIEW */
  nCol = pTab->nCol;
  memset(&sAddr, 0, sizeof(sAddr));
  
  /* pPk is the PRIMARY KEY index for WITHOUT ROWID tables and NULL for
  ** normal rowid tables.  nPkField is the number of key fields in the 
  ** pPk index or 1 for a rowid table.  In other words, nPkField is the
  ** number of fields in the true primary key of the table. */
  if( HasRowid(pTab) ){
    pPk = 0;
................................................................................
                              P5_ConstraintCheck);
      }
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, allOk);
    }
    pParse->iSelfTab = 0;
  }
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK) */

  /* UNIQUE and PRIMARY KEY constraints should be handled in the following
  ** order:
  **
  **   (1)  OE_Abort, OE_Fail, OE_Rollback, OE_Ignore
  **   (2)  OE_Update
  **   (3)  OE_Replace
  **
  ** OE_Fail and OE_Ignore must happen before any changes are made.
  ** OE_Update guarantees that only a single row will change, so it
  ** must happen before OE_Replace.  Technically, OE_Abort and OE_Rollback
  ** could happen in any order, but they are grouped up front for
  ** convenience.
  **
  ** Constraint checking code is generated in this order:
  **   (A)  The rowid constraint
  **   (B)  Unique index constraints that do not have OE_Replace as their
  **        default conflict resolution strategy
  **   (C)  Unique index that do use OE_Replace by default.
  **
  ** The ordering of (2) and (3) is accomplished by making sure the linked
  ** list of indexes attached to a table puts all OE_Replace indexes last
  ** in the list.  See sqlite3CreateIndex() for where that happens.
  */

  if( pUpsert ){
    if( pUpsert->pUpsertTarget==0 ){
      /* An ON CONFLICT DO NOTHING clause, without a constraint-target.
      ** Make all unique constraint resolution be OE_Ignore */
      assert( pUpsert->pUpsertSet==0 );
      overrideError = OE_Ignore;
      pUpsert = 0;
    }else if( (pUpIdx = pUpsert->pUpsertIdx)!=0 ){
      /* If the constraint-target is on some column other than
      ** then ROWID, then we might need to move the UPSERT around
      ** so that it occurs in the correct order. */
      sAddr.upsertTop = sAddr.upsertTop2 = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
      sAddr.upsertBtm = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
    }
  }

  /* If rowid is changing, make sure the new rowid does not previously
  ** exist in the table.
  */
  if( pkChng && pPk==0 ){
    int addrRowidOk = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);

................................................................................
    /* Figure out what action to take in case of a rowid collision */
    onError = pTab->keyConf;
    if( overrideError!=OE_Default ){
      onError = overrideError;
    }else if( onError==OE_Default ){
      onError = OE_Abort;
    }

    /* figure out whether or not upsert applies in this case */
    if( pUpsert && pUpsert->pUpsertIdx==0 ){
      if( pUpsert->pUpsertSet==0 ){
        onError = OE_Ignore;  /* DO NOTHING is the same as INSERT OR IGNORE */
      }else{
        onError = OE_Update;  /* DO UPDATE */
      }
    }

    /* If the response to a rowid conflict is REPLACE but the response
    ** to some other UNIQUE constraint is FAIL or IGNORE, then we need
    ** to defer the running of the rowid conflict checking until after
    ** the UNIQUE constraints have run.
    */
    assert( OE_Update>OE_Replace );
    assert( OE_Ignore<OE_Replace );
    assert( OE_Fail<OE_Replace );
    assert( OE_Abort<OE_Replace );
    assert( OE_Rollback<OE_Replace );
    if( onError>=OE_Replace
     && (pUpsert || onError!=overrideError)
     && pTab->pIndex
    ){
      sAddr.ipkTop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Goto)+1;
    }

    if( isUpdate ){
      /* pkChng!=0 does not mean that the rowid has changed, only that
      ** it might have changed.  Skip the conflict logic below if the rowid
      ** is unchanged. */
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Eq, regNewData, addrRowidOk, regOldData);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, SQLITE_NOTNULL);
      VdbeCoverage(v);
    }















    /* Check to see if the new rowid already exists in the table.  Skip
    ** the following conflict logic if it does not. */
    VdbeNoopComment((v, "uniqueness check for ROWID"));
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, iDataCur, addrRowidOk, regNewData);
    VdbeCoverage(v);


    switch( onError ){
      default: {
        onError = OE_Abort;
        /* Fall thru into the next case */
      }
      case OE_Rollback:
      case OE_Abort:
      case OE_Fail: {
        testcase( onError==OE_Rollback );
        testcase( onError==OE_Abort );
        testcase( onError==OE_Fail );
        sqlite3RowidConstraint(pParse, onError, pTab);
        break;
      }
      case OE_Replace: {
        /* If there are DELETE triggers on this table and the
        ** recursive-triggers flag is set, call GenerateRowDelete() to
        ** remove the conflicting row from the table. This will fire
................................................................................
        }
        if( pTrigger || sqlite3FkRequired(pParse, pTab, 0, 0) ){
          sqlite3MultiWrite(pParse);
          sqlite3GenerateRowDelete(pParse, pTab, pTrigger, iDataCur, iIdxCur,
                                   regNewData, 1, 0, OE_Replace, 1, -1);
        }else{
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_PREUPDATE_HOOK
          assert( HasRowid(pTab) );
          /* This OP_Delete opcode fires the pre-update-hook only. It does
          ** not modify the b-tree. It is more efficient to let the coming
          ** OP_Insert replace the existing entry than it is to delete the
          ** existing entry and then insert a new one. */
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Delete, iDataCur, OPFLAG_ISNOOP);
          sqlite3VdbeAppendP4(v, pTab, P4_TABLE);

#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_PREUPDATE_HOOK */
          if( pTab->pIndex ){
            sqlite3MultiWrite(pParse);
            sqlite3GenerateRowIndexDelete(pParse, pTab, iDataCur, iIdxCur,0,-1);
          }
        }
        seenReplace = 1;
        break;
      }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_UPSERT
      case OE_Update: {
        sqlite3UpsertDoUpdate(pParse, pUpsert, pTab, 0, iDataCur);
        /* Fall through */
      }
#endif
      case OE_Ignore: {

        testcase( onError==OE_Ignore );
        sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, ignoreDest);
        break;
      }
    }
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrRowidOk);
    if( sAddr.ipkTop ){
      sAddr.ipkBtm = sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Goto);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, sAddr.ipkTop-1);
    }
  }

  /* Test all UNIQUE constraints by creating entries for each UNIQUE
  ** index and making sure that duplicate entries do not already exist.
  ** Compute the revised record entries for indices as we go.
  **
................................................................................
  for(ix=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, ix++){
    int regIdx;          /* Range of registers hold conent for pIdx */
    int regR;            /* Range of registers holding conflicting PK */
    int iThisCur;        /* Cursor for this UNIQUE index */
    int addrUniqueOk;    /* Jump here if the UNIQUE constraint is satisfied */

    if( aRegIdx[ix]==0 ) continue;  /* Skip indices that do not change */
    if( pUpIdx==pIdx ){
      addrUniqueOk = sAddr.upsertBtm;
      upsertBypass = sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, 0);
      VdbeComment((v, "Skip upsert subroutine"));
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, sAddr.upsertTop2);
    }else{
      addrUniqueOk = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
    }
    VdbeNoopComment((v, "uniqueness check for %s", pIdx->zName));
    if( bAffinityDone==0 ){
      sqlite3TableAffinity(v, pTab, regNewData+1);
      bAffinityDone = 1;
    }
    iThisCur = iIdxCur+ix;


    /* Skip partial indices for which the WHERE clause is not true */
    if( pIdx->pPartIdxWhere ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, aRegIdx[ix]);
      pParse->iSelfTab = -(regNewData+1);
      sqlite3ExprIfFalseDup(pParse, pIdx->pPartIdxWhere, addrUniqueOk,
                            SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
................................................................................
      continue;  /* pIdx is not a UNIQUE index */
    }
    if( overrideError!=OE_Default ){
      onError = overrideError;
    }else if( onError==OE_Default ){
      onError = OE_Abort;
    }

    /* Figure out if the upsert clause applies to this index */
    if( pUpIdx==pIdx ){
      if( pUpsert->pUpsertSet==0 ){
        onError = OE_Ignore;  /* DO NOTHING is the same as INSERT OR IGNORE */
      }else{
        onError = OE_Update;  /* DO UPDATE */
      }
    }

    /* Invoke subroutines to handle IPK replace and upsert prior to running
    ** the first REPLACE constraint check. */
    if( onError==OE_Replace ){
      testcase( sAddr.ipkTop );
      testcase( sAddr.upsertTop
             && sqlite3VdbeLabelHasBeenResolved(v,sAddr.upsertTop) );
      reorderConstraintChecks(v, &sAddr);
    }

    /* Collision detection may be omitted if all of the following are true:
    **   (1) The conflict resolution algorithm is REPLACE
    **   (2) The table is a WITHOUT ROWID table
    **   (3) There are no secondary indexes on the table
    **   (4) No delete triggers need to be fired if there is a conflict
    **   (5) No FK constraint counters need to be updated if a conflict occurs.
................................................................................
          }
        }
      }
    }

    /* Generate code that executes if the new index entry is not unique */
    assert( onError==OE_Rollback || onError==OE_Abort || onError==OE_Fail
        || onError==OE_Ignore || onError==OE_Replace || onError==OE_Update );
    switch( onError ){
      case OE_Rollback:
      case OE_Abort:
      case OE_Fail: {
        testcase( onError==OE_Rollback );
        testcase( onError==OE_Abort );
        testcase( onError==OE_Fail );
        sqlite3UniqueConstraint(pParse, onError, pIdx);
        break;
      }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_UPSERT
      case OE_Update: {
        sqlite3UpsertDoUpdate(pParse, pUpsert, pTab, pIdx, iIdxCur+ix);
        /* Fall through */
      }
#endif
      case OE_Ignore: {
        testcase( onError==OE_Ignore );
        sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, ignoreDest);
        break;
      }
      default: {
        Trigger *pTrigger = 0;
        assert( onError==OE_Replace );
        sqlite3MultiWrite(pParse);
................................................................................
        sqlite3GenerateRowDelete(pParse, pTab, pTrigger, iDataCur, iIdxCur,
            regR, nPkField, 0, OE_Replace,
            (pIdx==pPk ? ONEPASS_SINGLE : ONEPASS_OFF), iThisCur);
        seenReplace = 1;
        break;
      }
    }
    if( pUpIdx==pIdx ){
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, upsertBypass);
    }else{
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrUniqueOk);
    }
    sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse);
    if( regR!=regIdx ) sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, regR, nPkField);




  }
  testcase( sAddr.ipkTop!=0 );
  testcase( sAddr.upsertTop
         && sqlite3VdbeLabelHasBeenResolved(v,sAddr.upsertTop) );
  reorderConstraintChecks(v, &sAddr);
  
  *pbMayReplace = seenReplace;
  VdbeModuleComment((v, "END: GenCnstCks(%d)", seenReplace));
}

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_NULL_TRIM
/*

Changes to src/main.c.

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648
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    }

    case SQLITE_CONFIG_STMTJRNL_SPILL: {
      sqlite3GlobalConfig.nStmtSpill = va_arg(ap, int);
      break;
    }












    default: {
      rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
      break;
    }
  }
  va_end(ap);
  return rc;
................................................................................
        { SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_FKEY,           SQLITE_ForeignKeys    },
        { SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_TRIGGER,        SQLITE_EnableTrigger  },
        { SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_FTS3_TOKENIZER, SQLITE_Fts3Tokenizer  },
        { SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_LOAD_EXTENSION, SQLITE_LoadExtension  },
        { SQLITE_DBCONFIG_NO_CKPT_ON_CLOSE,      SQLITE_NoCkptOnClose  },
        { SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_QPSG,           SQLITE_EnableQPSG     },
        { SQLITE_DBCONFIG_TRIGGER_EQP,           SQLITE_TriggerEQP     },

      };
      unsigned int i;
      rc = SQLITE_ERROR; /* IMP: R-42790-23372 */
      for(i=0; i<ArraySize(aFlagOp); i++){
        if( aFlagOp[i].op==op ){
          int onoff = va_arg(ap, int);
          int *pRes = va_arg(ap, int*);
................................................................................
    */
    case SQLITE_TESTCTRL_OPTIMIZATIONS: {
      sqlite3 *db = va_arg(ap, sqlite3*);
      db->dbOptFlags = (u16)(va_arg(ap, int) & 0xffff);
      break;
    }

#ifdef SQLITE_N_KEYWORD
    /* sqlite3_test_control(SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ISKEYWORD, const char *zWord)
    **
    ** If zWord is a keyword recognized by the parser, then return the
    ** number of keywords.  Or if zWord is not a keyword, return 0.
    ** 
    ** This test feature is only available in the amalgamation since
    ** the SQLITE_N_KEYWORD macro is not defined in this file if SQLite
    ** is built using separate source files.
    */
    case SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ISKEYWORD: {
      const char *zWord = va_arg(ap, const char*);
      int n = sqlite3Strlen30(zWord);
      rc = (sqlite3KeywordCode((u8*)zWord, n)!=TK_ID) ? SQLITE_N_KEYWORD : 0;
      break;
    }
#endif 

    /*   sqlite3_test_control(SQLITE_TESTCTRL_LOCALTIME_FAULT, int onoff);
    **
    ** If parameter onoff is non-zero, configure the wrappers so that all
    ** subsequent calls to localtime() and variants fail. If onoff is zero,
    ** undo this setting.
    */
    case SQLITE_TESTCTRL_LOCALTIME_FAULT: {







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>







 







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3994
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3999
4000
    }

    case SQLITE_CONFIG_STMTJRNL_SPILL: {
      sqlite3GlobalConfig.nStmtSpill = va_arg(ap, int);
      break;
    }

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SORTER_REFERENCES
    case SQLITE_CONFIG_SORTERREF_SIZE: {
      int iVal = va_arg(ap, int);
      if( iVal<0 ){
        iVal = SQLITE_DEFAULT_SORTERREF_SIZE;
      }
      sqlite3GlobalConfig.szSorterRef = (u32)iVal;
      break;
    }
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_SORTER_REFERENCES */

    default: {
      rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
      break;
    }
  }
  va_end(ap);
  return rc;
................................................................................
        { SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_FKEY,           SQLITE_ForeignKeys    },
        { SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_TRIGGER,        SQLITE_EnableTrigger  },
        { SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_FTS3_TOKENIZER, SQLITE_Fts3Tokenizer  },
        { SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_LOAD_EXTENSION, SQLITE_LoadExtension  },
        { SQLITE_DBCONFIG_NO_CKPT_ON_CLOSE,      SQLITE_NoCkptOnClose  },
        { SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_QPSG,           SQLITE_EnableQPSG     },
        { SQLITE_DBCONFIG_TRIGGER_EQP,           SQLITE_TriggerEQP     },
        { SQLITE_DBCONFIG_RESET_DATABASE,        SQLITE_ResetDatabase  },
      };
      unsigned int i;
      rc = SQLITE_ERROR; /* IMP: R-42790-23372 */
      for(i=0; i<ArraySize(aFlagOp); i++){
        if( aFlagOp[i].op==op ){
          int onoff = va_arg(ap, int);
          int *pRes = va_arg(ap, int*);
................................................................................
    */
    case SQLITE_TESTCTRL_OPTIMIZATIONS: {
      sqlite3 *db = va_arg(ap, sqlite3*);
      db->dbOptFlags = (u16)(va_arg(ap, int) & 0xffff);
      break;
    }



















    /*   sqlite3_test_control(SQLITE_TESTCTRL_LOCALTIME_FAULT, int onoff);
    **
    ** If parameter onoff is non-zero, configure the wrappers so that all
    ** subsequent calls to localtime() and variants fail. If onoff is zero,
    ** undo this setting.
    */
    case SQLITE_TESTCTRL_LOCALTIME_FAULT: {

Changes to src/os_win.c.

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/*
 * The size of the buffer used by sqlite3_win32_write_debug().
 */
#ifndef SQLITE_WIN32_DBG_BUF_SIZE
#  define SQLITE_WIN32_DBG_BUF_SIZE   ((int)(4096-sizeof(DWORD)))
#endif

/*
 * The value used with sqlite3_win32_set_directory() to specify that
 * the data directory should be changed.
 */
#ifndef SQLITE_WIN32_DATA_DIRECTORY_TYPE
#  define SQLITE_WIN32_DATA_DIRECTORY_TYPE (1)
#endif

/*
 * The value used with sqlite3_win32_set_directory() to specify that
 * the temporary directory should be changed.
 */
#ifndef SQLITE_WIN32_TEMP_DIRECTORY_TYPE
#  define SQLITE_WIN32_TEMP_DIRECTORY_TYPE (2)
#endif

/*
 * If compiled with SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC on Windows, we will use the
 * various Win32 API heap functions instead of our own.
 */
#ifdef SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC

/*
................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINIT
  if( sqlite3_initialize() ) return 0;
#endif
  return winUtf8ToMbcs(zText, useAnsi);
}

/*
** This function sets the data directory or the temporary directory based on
** the provided arguments.  The type argument must be 1 in order to set the
** data directory or 2 in order to set the temporary directory.  The zValue
** argument is the name of the directory to use.  The return value will be
** SQLITE_OK if successful.
*/
int sqlite3_win32_set_directory(DWORD type, LPCWSTR zValue){
  char **ppDirectory = 0;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINIT
  int rc = sqlite3_initialize();
  if( rc ) return rc;
#endif
  if( type==SQLITE_WIN32_DATA_DIRECTORY_TYPE ){
    ppDirectory = &sqlite3_data_directory;
................................................................................
    ppDirectory = &sqlite3_temp_directory;
  }
  assert( !ppDirectory || type==SQLITE_WIN32_DATA_DIRECTORY_TYPE
          || type==SQLITE_WIN32_TEMP_DIRECTORY_TYPE
  );
  assert( !ppDirectory || sqlite3MemdebugHasType(*ppDirectory, MEMTYPE_HEAP) );
  if( ppDirectory ){
    char *zValueUtf8 = 0;
    if( zValue && zValue[0] ){
      zValueUtf8 = winUnicodeToUtf8(zValue);
      if ( zValueUtf8==0 ){
        return SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
      }
    }
    sqlite3_free(*ppDirectory);
    *ppDirectory = zValueUtf8;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  return SQLITE_ERROR;
}


































/*
** The return value of winGetLastErrorMsg
** is zero if the error message fits in the buffer, or non-zero
** otherwise (if the message was truncated).
*/
static int winGetLastErrorMsg(DWORD lastErrno, int nBuf, char *zBuf){







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|




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/*
 * The size of the buffer used by sqlite3_win32_write_debug().
 */
#ifndef SQLITE_WIN32_DBG_BUF_SIZE
#  define SQLITE_WIN32_DBG_BUF_SIZE   ((int)(4096-sizeof(DWORD)))
#endif

















/*
 * If compiled with SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC on Windows, we will use the
 * various Win32 API heap functions instead of our own.
 */
#ifdef SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC

/*
................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINIT
  if( sqlite3_initialize() ) return 0;
#endif
  return winUtf8ToMbcs(zText, useAnsi);
}

/*
** This function is the same as sqlite3_win32_set_directory (below); however,
** it accepts a UTF-8 string.
*/
int sqlite3_win32_set_directory8(
  unsigned long type, /* Identifier for directory being set or reset */
  const char *zValue  /* New value for directory being set or reset */
){
  char **ppDirectory = 0;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINIT
  int rc = sqlite3_initialize();
  if( rc ) return rc;
#endif
  if( type==SQLITE_WIN32_DATA_DIRECTORY_TYPE ){
    ppDirectory = &sqlite3_data_directory;
................................................................................
    ppDirectory = &sqlite3_temp_directory;
  }
  assert( !ppDirectory || type==SQLITE_WIN32_DATA_DIRECTORY_TYPE
          || type==SQLITE_WIN32_TEMP_DIRECTORY_TYPE
  );
  assert( !ppDirectory || sqlite3MemdebugHasType(*ppDirectory, MEMTYPE_HEAP) );
  if( ppDirectory ){
    char *zCopy = 0;
    if( zValue && zValue[0] ){
      zCopy = sqlite3_mprintf("%s", zValue);
      if ( zCopy==0 ){
        return SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
      }
    }
    sqlite3_free(*ppDirectory);
    *ppDirectory = zCopy;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  return SQLITE_ERROR;
}

/*
** This function is the same as sqlite3_win32_set_directory (below); however,
** it accepts a UTF-16 string.
*/
int sqlite3_win32_set_directory16(
  unsigned long type, /* Identifier for directory being set or reset */
  const void *zValue  /* New value for directory being set or reset */
){
  int rc;
  char *zUtf8 = 0;
  if( zValue ){
    zUtf8 = sqlite3_win32_unicode_to_utf8(zValue);
    if( zUtf8==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
  }
  rc = sqlite3_win32_set_directory8(type, zUtf8);
  if( zUtf8 ) sqlite3_free(zUtf8);
  return rc;
}

/*
** This function sets the data directory or the temporary directory based on
** the provided arguments.  The type argument must be 1 in order to set the
** data directory or 2 in order to set the temporary directory.  The zValue
** argument is the name of the directory to use.  The return value will be
** SQLITE_OK if successful.
*/
int sqlite3_win32_set_directory(
  unsigned long type, /* Identifier for directory being set or reset */
  void *zValue        /* New value for directory being set or reset */
){
  return sqlite3_win32_set_directory16(type, zValue);
}

/*
** The return value of winGetLastErrorMsg
** is zero if the error message fits in the buffer, or non-zero
** otherwise (if the message was truncated).
*/
static int winGetLastErrorMsg(DWORD lastErrno, int nBuf, char *zBuf){

Changes to src/parse.y.

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// The type of the data attached to each token is Token.  This is also the
// default type for non-terminals.
//
%token_type {Token}
%default_type {Token}

// The generated parser function takes a 4th argument as follows:

%extra_argument {Parse *pParse}

// This code runs whenever there is a syntax error
//
%syntax_error {
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(yymajor);  /* Silence some compiler warnings */
  if( TOKEN.z[0] ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "near \"%T\": syntax error", &TOKEN);
................................................................................
} // end %include

// Input is a single SQL command
input ::= cmdlist.
cmdlist ::= cmdlist ecmd.
cmdlist ::= ecmd.
ecmd ::= SEMI.
ecmd ::= explain cmdx SEMI.
explain ::= .
%ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
explain ::= EXPLAIN.              { pParse->explain = 1; }
explain ::= EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN.   { pParse->explain = 2; }
%endif  SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
cmdx ::= cmd.           { sqlite3FinishCoding(pParse); }

///////////////////// Begin and end transactions. ////////////////////////////
//
................................................................................

// The following directive causes tokens ABORT, AFTER, ASC, etc. to
// fallback to ID if they will not parse as their original value.
// This obviates the need for the "id" nonterminal.
//
%fallback ID
  ABORT ACTION AFTER ANALYZE ASC ATTACH BEFORE BEGIN BY CASCADE CAST COLUMNKW
  CONFLICT DATABASE DEFERRED DESC DETACH EACH END EXCLUSIVE EXPLAIN FAIL FOR

  IGNORE IMMEDIATE INITIALLY INSTEAD LIKE_KW MATCH NO PLAN
  QUERY KEY OF OFFSET PRAGMA RAISE RECURSIVE RELEASE REPLACE RESTRICT ROW
  ROLLBACK SAVEPOINT TEMP TRIGGER VACUUM VIEW VIRTUAL WITH WITHOUT
%ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT
  EXCEPT INTERSECT UNION
%endif SQLITE_OMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT
  REINDEX RENAME CTIME_KW IF
................................................................................
%right ESCAPE.
%left BITAND BITOR LSHIFT RSHIFT.
%left PLUS MINUS.
%left STAR SLASH REM.
%left CONCAT.
%left COLLATE.
%right BITNOT.


// An IDENTIFIER can be a generic identifier, or one of several
// keywords.  Any non-standard keyword can also be an identifier.
//
%token_class id  ID|INDEXED.


................................................................................

%type fullname {SrcList*}
%destructor fullname {sqlite3SrcListDelete(pParse->db, $$);}
fullname(A) ::= nm(X).  
   {A = sqlite3SrcListAppend(pParse->db,0,&X,0); /*A-overwrites-X*/}
fullname(A) ::= nm(X) DOT nm(Y).  
   {A = sqlite3SrcListAppend(pParse->db,0,&X,&Y); /*A-overwrites-X*/}
















%type joinop {int}
joinop(X) ::= COMMA|JOIN.              { X = JT_INNER; }
joinop(X) ::= JOIN_KW(A) JOIN.
                  {X = sqlite3JoinType(pParse,&A,0,0);  /*X-overwrites-A*/}
joinop(X) ::= JOIN_KW(A) nm(B) JOIN.
                  {X = sqlite3JoinType(pParse,&A,&B,0); /*X-overwrites-A*/}
joinop(X) ::= JOIN_KW(A) nm(B) nm(C) JOIN.
                  {X = sqlite3JoinType(pParse,&A,&B,&C);/*X-overwrites-A*/}


















%type on_opt {Expr*}
%destructor on_opt {sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, $$);}
on_opt(N) ::= ON expr(E).   {N = E;}
on_opt(N) ::= .             {N = 0;}

// Note that this block abuses the Token type just a little. If there is
// no "INDEXED BY" clause, the returned token is empty (z==0 && n==0). If
// there is an INDEXED BY clause, then the token is populated as per normal,
// with z pointing to the token data and n containing the number of bytes
// in the token.
//
................................................................................
                         {A = sqlite3PExpr(pParse,TK_LIMIT,X,Y);}
limit_opt(A) ::= LIMIT expr(X) COMMA expr(Y). 
                         {A = sqlite3PExpr(pParse,TK_LIMIT,Y,X);}

/////////////////////////// The DELETE statement /////////////////////////////
//
%ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_UPDATE_DELETE_LIMIT
cmd ::= with DELETE FROM fullname(X) indexed_opt(I) where_opt(W) 
        orderby_opt(O) limit_opt(L). {
  sqlite3SrcListIndexedBy(pParse, X, &I);
  sqlite3DeleteFrom(pParse,X,W,O,L);
}
%endif
%ifndef SQLITE_ENABLE_UPDATE_DELETE_LIMIT
cmd ::= with DELETE FROM fullname(X) indexed_opt(I) where_opt(W). {
  sqlite3SrcListIndexedBy(pParse, X, &I);
  sqlite3DeleteFrom(pParse,X,W,0,0);
}
%endif

%type where_opt {Expr*}
%destructor where_opt {sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, $$);}
................................................................................

where_opt(A) ::= .                    {A = 0;}
where_opt(A) ::= WHERE expr(X).       {A = X;}

////////////////////////// The UPDATE command ////////////////////////////////
//
%ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_UPDATE_DELETE_LIMIT
cmd ::= with UPDATE orconf(R) fullname(X) indexed_opt(I) SET setlist(Y)
        where_opt(W) orderby_opt(O) limit_opt(L).  {
  sqlite3SrcListIndexedBy(pParse, X, &I);
  sqlite3ExprListCheckLength(pParse,Y,"set list"); 
  sqlite3Update(pParse,X,Y,W,R,O,L);
}
%endif
%ifndef SQLITE_ENABLE_UPDATE_DELETE_LIMIT
cmd ::= with UPDATE orconf(R) fullname(X) indexed_opt(I) SET setlist(Y)
        where_opt(W).  {
  sqlite3SrcListIndexedBy(pParse, X, &I);
  sqlite3ExprListCheckLength(pParse,Y,"set list"); 
  sqlite3Update(pParse,X,Y,W,R,0,0);
}
%endif

%type setlist {ExprList*}
%destructor setlist {sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, $$);}

setlist(A) ::= setlist(A) COMMA nm(X) EQ expr(Y). {
................................................................................
}
setlist(A) ::= LP idlist(X) RP EQ expr(Y). {
  A = sqlite3ExprListAppendVector(pParse, 0, X, Y);
}

////////////////////////// The INSERT command /////////////////////////////////
//
cmd ::= with insert_cmd(R) INTO fullname(X) idlist_opt(F) select(S). {

  sqlite3Insert(pParse, X, S, F, R);
}
cmd ::= with insert_cmd(R) INTO fullname(X) idlist_opt(F) DEFAULT VALUES.
{
  sqlite3Insert(pParse, X, 0, F, R);
}

















%type insert_cmd {int}
insert_cmd(A) ::= INSERT orconf(R).   {A = R;}
insert_cmd(A) ::= REPLACE.            {A = OE_Replace;}

%type idlist_opt {IdList*}
%destructor idlist_opt {sqlite3IdListDelete(pParse->db, $$);}
%type idlist {IdList*}
................................................................................
// UPDATE 
trigger_cmd(A) ::=
   UPDATE(B) orconf(R) trnm(X) tridxby SET setlist(Y) where_opt(Z) scanpt(E).  
   {A = sqlite3TriggerUpdateStep(pParse->db, &X, Y, Z, R, B.z, E);}

// INSERT
trigger_cmd(A) ::= scanpt(B) insert_cmd(R) INTO
                      trnm(X) idlist_opt(F) select(S) scanpt(Z).
   {A = sqlite3TriggerInsertStep(pParse->db,&X,F,S,R,B,Z);/*A-overwrites-R*/}

// DELETE
trigger_cmd(A) ::= DELETE(B) FROM trnm(X) tridxby where_opt(Y) scanpt(E).
   {A = sqlite3TriggerDeleteStep(pParse->db, &X, Y, B.z, E);}

// SELECT
trigger_cmd(A) ::= scanpt(B) select(X) scanpt(E).
   {A = sqlite3TriggerSelectStep(pParse->db, X, B, E); /*A-overwrites-X*/}







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// The type of the data attached to each token is Token.  This is also the
// default type for non-terminals.
//
%token_type {Token}
%default_type {Token}

// An extra argument to the constructor for the parser, which is available
// to all actions.
%extra_context {Parse *pParse}

// This code runs whenever there is a syntax error
//
%syntax_error {
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(yymajor);  /* Silence some compiler warnings */
  if( TOKEN.z[0] ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "near \"%T\": syntax error", &TOKEN);
................................................................................
} // end %include

// Input is a single SQL command
input ::= cmdlist.
cmdlist ::= cmdlist ecmd.
cmdlist ::= ecmd.
ecmd ::= SEMI.
ecmd ::= cmdx SEMI.
%ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
ecmd ::= explain cmdx.
explain ::= EXPLAIN.              { pParse->explain = 1; }
explain ::= EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN.   { pParse->explain = 2; }
%endif  SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
cmdx ::= cmd.           { sqlite3FinishCoding(pParse); }

///////////////////// Begin and end transactions. ////////////////////////////
//
................................................................................

// The following directive causes tokens ABORT, AFTER, ASC, etc. to
// fallback to ID if they will not parse as their original value.
// This obviates the need for the "id" nonterminal.
//
%fallback ID
  ABORT ACTION AFTER ANALYZE ASC ATTACH BEFORE BEGIN BY CASCADE CAST COLUMNKW
  CONFLICT DATABASE DEFERRED DESC DETACH DO
  EACH END EXCLUSIVE EXPLAIN FAIL FOR
  IGNORE IMMEDIATE INITIALLY INSTEAD LIKE_KW MATCH NO PLAN
  QUERY KEY OF OFFSET PRAGMA RAISE RECURSIVE RELEASE REPLACE RESTRICT ROW
  ROLLBACK SAVEPOINT TEMP TRIGGER VACUUM VIEW VIRTUAL WITH WITHOUT
%ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT
  EXCEPT INTERSECT UNION
%endif SQLITE_OMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT
  REINDEX RENAME CTIME_KW IF
................................................................................
%right ESCAPE.
%left BITAND BITOR LSHIFT RSHIFT.
%left PLUS MINUS.
%left STAR SLASH REM.
%left CONCAT.
%left COLLATE.
%right BITNOT.
%nonassoc ON.

// An IDENTIFIER can be a generic identifier, or one of several
// keywords.  Any non-standard keyword can also be an identifier.
//
%token_class id  ID|INDEXED.


................................................................................

%type fullname {SrcList*}
%destructor fullname {sqlite3SrcListDelete(pParse->db, $$);}
fullname(A) ::= nm(X).  
   {A = sqlite3SrcListAppend(pParse->db,0,&X,0); /*A-overwrites-X*/}
fullname(A) ::= nm(X) DOT nm(Y).  
   {A = sqlite3SrcListAppend(pParse->db,0,&X,&Y); /*A-overwrites-X*/}

%type xfullname {SrcList*}
%destructor xfullname {sqlite3SrcListDelete(pParse->db, $$);}
xfullname(A) ::= nm(X).  
   {A = sqlite3SrcListAppend(pParse->db,0,&X,0); /*A-overwrites-X*/}
xfullname(A) ::= nm(X) DOT nm(Y).  
   {A = sqlite3SrcListAppend(pParse->db,0,&X,&Y); /*A-overwrites-X*/}
xfullname(A) ::= nm(X) DOT nm(Y) AS nm(Z).  {
   A = sqlite3SrcListAppend(pParse->db,0,&X,&Y); /*A-overwrites-X*/
   if( A ) A->a[0].zAlias = sqlite3NameFromToken(pParse->db, &Z);
}
xfullname(A) ::= nm(X) AS nm(Z). {  
   A = sqlite3SrcListAppend(pParse->db,0,&X,0); /*A-overwrites-X*/
   if( A ) A->a[0].zAlias = sqlite3NameFromToken(pParse->db, &Z);
}

%type joinop {int}
joinop(X) ::= COMMA|JOIN.              { X = JT_INNER; }
joinop(X) ::= JOIN_KW(A) JOIN.
                  {X = sqlite3JoinType(pParse,&A,0,0);  /*X-overwrites-A*/}
joinop(X) ::= JOIN_KW(A) nm(B) JOIN.
                  {X = sqlite3JoinType(pParse,&A,&B,0); /*X-overwrites-A*/}
joinop(X) ::= JOIN_KW(A) nm(B) nm(C) JOIN.
                  {X = sqlite3JoinType(pParse,&A,&B,&C);/*X-overwrites-A*/}

// There is a parsing abiguity in an upsert statement that uses a
// SELECT on the RHS of a the INSERT:
//
//      INSERT INTO tab SELECT * FROM aaa JOIN bbb ON CONFLICT ...
//                                        here ----^^
//
// When the ON token is encountered, the parser does not know if it is
// the beginning of an ON CONFLICT clause, or the beginning of an ON
// clause associated with the JOIN.  The conflict is resolved in favor
// of the JOIN.  If an ON CONFLICT clause is intended, insert a dummy
// WHERE clause in between, like this:
//
//      INSERT INTO tab SELECT * FROM aaa JOIN bbb WHERE true ON CONFLICT ...
//
// The [AND] and [OR] precedence marks in the rules for on_opt cause the
// ON in this context to always be interpreted as belonging to the JOIN.
//
%type on_opt {Expr*}
%destructor on_opt {sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, $$);}
on_opt(N) ::= ON expr(E).  {N = E;}
on_opt(N) ::= .     [OR]   {N = 0;}

// Note that this block abuses the Token type just a little. If there is
// no "INDEXED BY" clause, the returned token is empty (z==0 && n==0). If
// there is an INDEXED BY clause, then the token is populated as per normal,
// with z pointing to the token data and n containing the number of bytes
// in the token.
//
................................................................................
                         {A = sqlite3PExpr(pParse,TK_LIMIT,X,Y);}
limit_opt(A) ::= LIMIT expr(X) COMMA expr(Y). 
                         {A = sqlite3PExpr(pParse,TK_LIMIT,Y,X);}

/////////////////////////// The DELETE statement /////////////////////////////
//
%ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_UPDATE_DELETE_LIMIT
cmd ::= with DELETE FROM xfullname(X) indexed_opt(I) where_opt(W) 
        orderby_opt(O) limit_opt(L). {
  sqlite3SrcListIndexedBy(pParse, X, &I);
  sqlite3DeleteFrom(pParse,X,W,O,L);
}
%endif
%ifndef SQLITE_ENABLE_UPDATE_DELETE_LIMIT
cmd ::= with DELETE FROM xfullname(X) indexed_opt(I) where_opt(W). {
  sqlite3SrcListIndexedBy(pParse, X, &I);
  sqlite3DeleteFrom(pParse,X,W,0,0);
}
%endif

%type where_opt {Expr*}
%destructor where_opt {sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, $$);}
................................................................................

where_opt(A) ::= .                    {A = 0;}
where_opt(A) ::= WHERE expr(X).       {A = X;}

////////////////////////// The UPDATE command ////////////////////////////////
//
%ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_UPDATE_DELETE_LIMIT
cmd ::= with UPDATE orconf(R) xfullname(X) indexed_opt(I) SET setlist(Y)
        where_opt(W) orderby_opt(O) limit_opt(L).  {
  sqlite3SrcListIndexedBy(pParse, X, &I);
  sqlite3ExprListCheckLength(pParse,Y,"set list"); 
  sqlite3Update(pParse,X,Y,W,R,O,L,0);
}
%endif
%ifndef SQLITE_ENABLE_UPDATE_DELETE_LIMIT
cmd ::= with UPDATE orconf(R) xfullname(X) indexed_opt(I) SET setlist(Y)
        where_opt(W).  {
  sqlite3SrcListIndexedBy(pParse, X, &I);
  sqlite3ExprListCheckLength(pParse,Y,"set list"); 
  sqlite3Update(pParse,X,Y,W,R,0,0,0);
}
%endif

%type setlist {ExprList*}
%destructor setlist {sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, $$);}

setlist(A) ::= setlist(A) COMMA nm(X) EQ expr(Y). {
................................................................................
}
setlist(A) ::= LP idlist(X) RP EQ expr(Y). {
  A = sqlite3ExprListAppendVector(pParse, 0, X, Y);
}

////////////////////////// The INSERT command /////////////////////////////////
//
cmd ::= with insert_cmd(R) INTO xfullname(X) idlist_opt(F) select(S)
        upsert(U). {
  sqlite3Insert(pParse, X, S, F, R, U);
}
cmd ::= with insert_cmd(R) INTO xfullname(X) idlist_opt(F) DEFAULT VALUES.
{
  sqlite3Insert(pParse, X, 0, F, R, 0);
}

%type upsert {Upsert*}

// Because upsert only occurs at the tip end of the INSERT rule for cmd,
// there is never a case where the value of the upsert pointer will not
// be destroyed by the cmd action.  So comment-out the destructor to
// avoid unreachable code.
//%destructor upsert {sqlite3UpsertDelete(pParse->db,$$);}
upsert(A) ::= . { A = 0; }
upsert(A) ::= ON CONFLICT LP sortlist(T) RP where_opt(TW)
              DO UPDATE SET setlist(Z) where_opt(W).
              { A = sqlite3UpsertNew(pParse->db,T,TW,Z,W);}
upsert(A) ::= ON CONFLICT LP sortlist(T) RP where_opt(TW) DO NOTHING.
              { A = sqlite3UpsertNew(pParse->db,T,TW,0,0); }
upsert(A) ::= ON CONFLICT DO NOTHING.
              { A = sqlite3UpsertNew(pParse->db,0,0,0,0); }

%type insert_cmd {int}
insert_cmd(A) ::= INSERT orconf(R).   {A = R;}
insert_cmd(A) ::= REPLACE.            {A = OE_Replace;}

%type idlist_opt {IdList*}
%destructor idlist_opt {sqlite3IdListDelete(pParse->db, $$);}
%type idlist {IdList*}
................................................................................
// UPDATE 
trigger_cmd(A) ::=
   UPDATE(B) orconf(R) trnm(X) tridxby SET setlist(Y) where_opt(Z) scanpt(E).  
   {A = sqlite3TriggerUpdateStep(pParse->db, &X, Y, Z, R, B.z, E);}

// INSERT
trigger_cmd(A) ::= scanpt(B) insert_cmd(R) INTO
                      trnm(X) idlist_opt(F) select(S) upsert(U) scanpt(Z). {
   A = sqlite3TriggerInsertStep(pParse->db,&X,F,S,R,U,B,Z);/*A-overwrites-R*/
}
// DELETE
trigger_cmd(A) ::= DELETE(B) FROM trnm(X) tridxby where_opt(Y) scanpt(E).
   {A = sqlite3TriggerDeleteStep(pParse->db, &X, Y, B.z, E);}

// SELECT
trigger_cmd(A) ::= scanpt(B) select(X) scanpt(E).
   {A = sqlite3TriggerSelectStep(pParse->db, X, B, E); /*A-overwrites-X*/}

Changes to src/prepare.c.

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  Db *pDb;
  char const *azArg[4];
  int meta[5];
  InitData initData;
  const char *zMasterName;
  int openedTransaction = 0;


  assert( iDb>=0 && iDb<db->nDb );
  assert( db->aDb[iDb].pSchema );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(db->mutex) );
  assert( iDb==1 || sqlite3BtreeHoldsMutex(db->aDb[iDb].pBt) );

  db->init.busy = 1;

................................................................................
  **    meta[9]   unused
  **
  ** Note: The #defined SQLITE_UTF* symbols in sqliteInt.h correspond to
  ** the possible values of meta[4].
  */
  for(i=0; i<ArraySize(meta); i++){
    sqlite3BtreeGetMeta(pDb->pBt, i+1, (u32 *)&meta[i]);



  }
  pDb->pSchema->schema_cookie = meta[BTREE_SCHEMA_VERSION-1];

  /* If opening a non-empty database, check the text encoding. For the
  ** main database, set sqlite3.enc to the encoding of the main database.
  ** For an attached db, it is an error if the encoding is not the same
  ** as sqlite3.enc.
................................................................................
  /* Do the main schema first */
  if( !DbHasProperty(db, 0, DB_SchemaLoaded) ){
    rc = sqlite3InitOne(db, 0, pzErrMsg);
    if( rc ) return rc;
  }
  /* All other schemas after the main schema. The "temp" schema must be last */
  for(i=db->nDb-1; i>0; i--){

    if( !DbHasProperty(db, i, DB_SchemaLoaded) ){
      rc = sqlite3InitOne(db, i, pzErrMsg);
      if( rc ) return rc;
    }
  }
  if( commit_internal ){
    sqlite3CommitInternalChanges(db);
................................................................................
*/
int sqlite3ReadSchema(Parse *pParse){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(db->mutex) );
  if( !db->init.busy ){
    rc = sqlite3Init(db, &pParse->zErrMsg);
  }
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    pParse->rc = rc;
    pParse->nErr++;



  }
  return rc;
}


/*
** Check schema cookies in all databases.  If any cookie is out
................................................................................
  }
  rc = sParse.rc;

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && sParse.pVdbe && sParse.explain ){
    static const char * const azColName[] = {
       "addr", "opcode", "p1", "p2", "p3", "p4", "p5", "comment",
       "selectid", "order", "from", "detail"
    };
    int iFirst, mx;
    if( sParse.explain==2 ){
      sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(sParse.pVdbe, 4);
      iFirst = 8;
      mx = 12;
    }else{







>







 







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  Db *pDb;
  char const *azArg[4];
  int meta[5];
  InitData initData;
  const char *zMasterName;
  int openedTransaction = 0;

  assert( (db->mDbFlags & DBFLAG_SchemaKnownOk)==0 );
  assert( iDb>=0 && iDb<db->nDb );
  assert( db->aDb[iDb].pSchema );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(db->mutex) );
  assert( iDb==1 || sqlite3BtreeHoldsMutex(db->aDb[iDb].pBt) );

  db->init.busy = 1;

................................................................................
  **    meta[9]   unused
  **
  ** Note: The #defined SQLITE_UTF* symbols in sqliteInt.h correspond to
  ** the possible values of meta[4].
  */
  for(i=0; i<ArraySize(meta); i++){
    sqlite3BtreeGetMeta(pDb->pBt, i+1, (u32 *)&meta[i]);
  }
  if( (db->flags & SQLITE_ResetDatabase)!=0 ){
    memset(meta, 0, sizeof(meta));
  }
  pDb->pSchema->schema_cookie = meta[BTREE_SCHEMA_VERSION-1];

  /* If opening a non-empty database, check the text encoding. For the
  ** main database, set sqlite3.enc to the encoding of the main database.
  ** For an attached db, it is an error if the encoding is not the same
  ** as sqlite3.enc.
................................................................................
  /* Do the main schema first */
  if( !DbHasProperty(db, 0, DB_SchemaLoaded) ){
    rc = sqlite3InitOne(db, 0, pzErrMsg);
    if( rc ) return rc;
  }
  /* All other schemas after the main schema. The "temp" schema must be last */
  for(i=db->nDb-1; i>0; i--){
    assert( i==1 || sqlite3BtreeHoldsMutex(db->aDb[i].pBt) );
    if( !DbHasProperty(db, i, DB_SchemaLoaded) ){
      rc = sqlite3InitOne(db, i, pzErrMsg);
      if( rc ) return rc;
    }
  }
  if( commit_internal ){
    sqlite3CommitInternalChanges(db);
................................................................................
*/
int sqlite3ReadSchema(Parse *pParse){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(db->mutex) );
  if( !db->init.busy ){
    rc = sqlite3Init(db, &pParse->zErrMsg);

    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      pParse->rc = rc;
      pParse->nErr++;
    }else if( db->noSharedCache ){
      db->mDbFlags |= DBFLAG_SchemaKnownOk;
    }
  }
  return rc;
}


/*
** Check schema cookies in all databases.  If any cookie is out
................................................................................
  }
  rc = sParse.rc;

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && sParse.pVdbe && sParse.explain ){
    static const char * const azColName[] = {
       "addr", "opcode", "p1", "p2", "p3", "p4", "p5", "comment",
       "id", "parent", "notused", "detail"
    };
    int iFirst, mx;
    if( sParse.explain==2 ){
      sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(sParse.pVdbe, 4);
      iFirst = 8;
      mx = 12;
    }else{

Changes to src/resolve.c.

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  int cntTab = 0;                   /* Number of matching table names */
  int nSubquery = 0;                /* How many levels of subquery */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;         /* The database connection */
  struct SrcList_item *pItem;       /* Use for looping over pSrcList items */
  struct SrcList_item *pMatch = 0;  /* The matching pSrcList item */
  NameContext *pTopNC = pNC;        /* First namecontext in the list */
  Schema *pSchema = 0;              /* Schema of the expression */
  int isTrigger = 0;                /* True if resolved to a trigger column */
  Table *pTab = 0;                  /* Table hold the row */
  Column *pCol;                     /* A column of pTab */

  assert( pNC );     /* the name context cannot be NULL. */
  assert( zCol );    /* The Z in X.Y.Z cannot be NULL */
  assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_TokenOnly|EP_Reduced) );

................................................................................
        if( (pMatch->fg.jointype & JT_LEFT)!=0 ){
          ExprSetProperty(pExpr, EP_CanBeNull);
        }
        pSchema = pExpr->pTab->pSchema;
      }
    } /* if( pSrcList ) */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
    /* If we have not already resolved the name, then maybe 
    ** it is a new.* or old.* trigger argument reference

    */
    if( zDb==0 && zTab!=0 && cntTab==0 && pParse->pTriggerTab!=0 ){



      int op = pParse->eTriggerOp;
      assert( op==TK_DELETE || op==TK_UPDATE || op==TK_INSERT );
      if( op!=TK_DELETE && sqlite3StrICmp("new",zTab) == 0 ){
        pExpr->iTable = 1;
        pTab = pParse->pTriggerTab;
      }else if( op!=TK_INSERT && sqlite3StrICmp("old",zTab)==0 ){
        pExpr->iTable = 0;
        pTab = pParse->pTriggerTab;
      }else{
        pTab = 0;
      }












      if( pTab ){ 
        int iCol;
        pSchema = pTab->pSchema;
        cntTab++;
        for(iCol=0, pCol=pTab->aCol; iCol<pTab->nCol; iCol++, pCol++){
          if( sqlite3StrICmp(pCol->zName, zCol)==0 ){
................................................................................
        }
        if( iCol>=pTab->nCol && sqlite3IsRowid(zCol) && VisibleRowid(pTab) ){
          /* IMP: R-51414-32910 */
          iCol = -1;
        }
        if( iCol<pTab->nCol ){
          cnt++;









          if( iCol<0 ){
            pExpr->affinity = SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER;
          }else if( pExpr->iTable==0 ){
            testcase( iCol==31 );
            testcase( iCol==32 );
            pParse->oldmask |= (iCol>=32 ? 0xffffffff : (((u32)1)<<iCol));
          }else{
            testcase( iCol==31 );
            testcase( iCol==32 );
            pParse->newmask |= (iCol>=32 ? 0xffffffff : (((u32)1)<<iCol));
          }
          pExpr->iColumn = (i16)iCol;
          pExpr->pTab = pTab;

          isTrigger = 1;

        }
      }
    }

#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER) */

    /*
    ** Perhaps the name is a reference to the ROWID
    */
    if( cnt==0
     && cntTab==1
     && pMatch
................................................................................
    **
    ** The ability to use an output result-set column in the WHERE, GROUP BY,
    ** or HAVING clauses, or as part of a larger expression in the ORDER BY
    ** clause is not standard SQL.  This is a (goofy) SQLite extension, that
    ** is supported for backwards compatibility only. Hence, we issue a warning
    ** on sqlite3_log() whenever the capability is used.
    */
    if( (pEList = pNC->pEList)!=0
     && zTab==0
     && cnt==0

    ){


      for(j=0; j<pEList->nExpr; j++){
        char *zAs = pEList->a[j].zName;
        if( zAs!=0 && sqlite3StrICmp(zAs, zCol)==0 ){
          Expr *pOrig;
          assert( pExpr->pLeft==0 && pExpr->pRight==0 );
          assert( pExpr->x.pList==0 );
          assert( pExpr->x.pSelect==0 );
................................................................................

  /* Clean up and return
  */
  sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pExpr->pLeft);
  pExpr->pLeft = 0;
  sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pExpr->pRight);
  pExpr->pRight = 0;
  pExpr->op = (isTrigger ? TK_TRIGGER : TK_COLUMN);
  ExprSetProperty(pExpr, EP_Leaf);
lookupname_end:
  if( cnt==1 ){
    assert( pNC!=0 );
    if( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_Alias) ){
      sqlite3AuthRead(pParse, pExpr, pSchema, pNC->pSrcList);
    }
................................................................................
  pEList = pSelect->pEList;

  /* Resolve all names in the ORDER BY term expression
  */
  memset(&nc, 0, sizeof(nc));
  nc.pParse = pParse;
  nc.pSrcList = pSelect->pSrc;
  nc.pEList = pEList;
  nc.ncFlags = NC_AllowAgg;
  nc.nErr = 0;
  db = pParse->db;
  savedSuppErr = db->suppressErr;
  db->suppressErr = 1;
  rc = sqlite3ResolveExprNames(&nc, pE);
  db->suppressErr = savedSuppErr;
  if( rc ) return 0;
................................................................................
    ** other expressions in the SELECT statement. This is so that
    ** expressions in the WHERE clause (etc.) can refer to expressions by
    ** aliases in the result set.
    **
    ** Minor point: If this is the case, then the expression will be
    ** re-evaluated for each reference to it.
    */

    sNC.pEList = p->pEList;

    if( sqlite3ResolveExprNames(&sNC, p->pHaving) ) return WRC_Abort;
    if( sqlite3ResolveExprNames(&sNC, p->pWhere) ) return WRC_Abort;

    /* Resolve names in table-valued-function arguments */
    for(i=0; i<p->pSrc->nSrc; i++){
      struct SrcList_item *pItem = &p->pSrc->a[i];
      if( pItem->fg.isTabFunc
................................................................................
** Any errors cause an error message to be set in pParse.
*/
void sqlite3ResolveSelfReference(
  Parse *pParse,      /* Parsing context */
  Table *pTab,        /* The table being referenced */
  int type,           /* NC_IsCheck or NC_PartIdx or NC_IdxExpr */
  Expr *pExpr,        /* Expression to resolve.  May be NULL. */
  ExprList *pList     /* Expression list to resolve.  May be NUL. */
){
  SrcList sSrc;                   /* Fake SrcList for pParse->pNewTable */
  NameContext sNC;                /* Name context for pParse->pNewTable */

  assert( type==NC_IsCheck || type==NC_PartIdx || type==NC_IdxExpr );
  memset(&sNC, 0, sizeof(sNC));
  memset(&sSrc, 0, sizeof(sSrc));







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  int cntTab = 0;                   /* Number of matching table names */
  int nSubquery = 0;                /* How many levels of subquery */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;         /* The database connection */
  struct SrcList_item *pItem;       /* Use for looping over pSrcList items */
  struct SrcList_item *pMatch = 0;  /* The matching pSrcList item */
  NameContext *pTopNC = pNC;        /* First namecontext in the list */
  Schema *pSchema = 0;              /* Schema of the expression */
  int eNewExprOp = TK_COLUMN;       /* New value for pExpr->op on success */
  Table *pTab = 0;                  /* Table hold the row */
  Column *pCol;                     /* A column of pTab */

  assert( pNC );     /* the name context cannot be NULL. */
  assert( zCol );    /* The Z in X.Y.Z cannot be NULL */
  assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_TokenOnly|EP_Reduced) );

................................................................................
        if( (pMatch->fg.jointype & JT_LEFT)!=0 ){
          ExprSetProperty(pExpr, EP_CanBeNull);
        }
        pSchema = pExpr->pTab->pSchema;
      }
    } /* if( pSrcList ) */

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_UPSERT)
    /* If we have not already resolved the name, then maybe 
    ** it is a new.* or old.* trigger argument reference.  Or
    ** maybe it is an excluded.* from an upsert.
    */
    if( zDb==0 && zTab!=0 && cntTab==0 ){
      pTab = 0;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
      if( pParse->pTriggerTab!=0 ){
        int op = pParse->eTriggerOp;
        assert( op==TK_DELETE || op==TK_UPDATE || op==TK_INSERT );
        if( op!=TK_DELETE && sqlite3StrICmp("new",zTab) == 0 ){
          pExpr->iTable = 1;
          pTab = pParse->pTriggerTab;
        }else if( op!=TK_INSERT && sqlite3StrICmp("old",zTab)==0 ){
          pExpr->iTable = 0;
          pTab = pParse->pTriggerTab;


        }
      }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_UPSERT
      if( (pNC->ncFlags & NC_UUpsert)!=0 ){
        Upsert *pUpsert = pNC->uNC.pUpsert;
        if( pUpsert && sqlite3StrICmp("excluded",zTab)==0 ){
          pTab = pUpsert->pUpsertSrc->a[0].pTab;
          pExpr->iTable = 2;
        }
      }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_UPSERT */

      if( pTab ){ 
        int iCol;
        pSchema = pTab->pSchema;
        cntTab++;
        for(iCol=0, pCol=pTab->aCol; iCol<pTab->nCol; iCol++, pCol++){
          if( sqlite3StrICmp(pCol->zName, zCol)==0 ){
................................................................................
        }
        if( iCol>=pTab->nCol && sqlite3IsRowid(zCol) && VisibleRowid(pTab) ){
          /* IMP: R-51414-32910 */
          iCol = -1;
        }
        if( iCol<pTab->nCol ){
          cnt++;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_UPSERT
          if( pExpr->iTable==2 ){
            testcase( iCol==(-1) );
            pExpr->iTable = pNC->uNC.pUpsert->regData + iCol;
            eNewExprOp = TK_REGISTER;
          }else
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_UPSERT */
          {
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
            if( iCol<0 ){
              pExpr->affinity = SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER;
            }else if( pExpr->iTable==0 ){
              testcase( iCol==31 );
              testcase( iCol==32 );
              pParse->oldmask |= (iCol>=32 ? 0xffffffff : (((u32)1)<<iCol));
            }else{
              testcase( iCol==31 );
              testcase( iCol==32 );
              pParse->newmask |= (iCol>=32 ? 0xffffffff : (((u32)1)<<iCol));
            }

            pExpr->pTab = pTab;
            pExpr->iColumn = (i16)iCol;
            eNewExprOp = TK_TRIGGER;
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER */
          }
        }
      }
    }
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_UPSERT) */

    /*
    ** Perhaps the name is a reference to the ROWID
    */
    if( cnt==0
     && cntTab==1
     && pMatch
................................................................................
    **
    ** The ability to use an output result-set column in the WHERE, GROUP BY,
    ** or HAVING clauses, or as part of a larger expression in the ORDER BY
    ** clause is not standard SQL.  This is a (goofy) SQLite extension, that
    ** is supported for backwards compatibility only. Hence, we issue a warning
    ** on sqlite3_log() whenever the capability is used.
    */
    if( (pNC->ncFlags & NC_UEList)!=0

     && cnt==0
     && zTab==0
    ){
      pEList = pNC->uNC.pEList;
      assert( pEList!=0 );
      for(j=0; j<pEList->nExpr; j++){
        char *zAs = pEList->a[j].zName;
        if( zAs!=0 && sqlite3StrICmp(zAs, zCol)==0 ){
          Expr *pOrig;
          assert( pExpr->pLeft==0 && pExpr->pRight==0 );
          assert( pExpr->x.pList==0 );
          assert( pExpr->x.pSelect==0 );
................................................................................

  /* Clean up and return
  */
  sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pExpr->pLeft);
  pExpr->pLeft = 0;
  sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pExpr->pRight);
  pExpr->pRight = 0;
  pExpr->op = eNewExprOp;
  ExprSetProperty(pExpr, EP_Leaf);
lookupname_end:
  if( cnt==1 ){
    assert( pNC!=0 );
    if( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_Alias) ){
      sqlite3AuthRead(pParse, pExpr, pSchema, pNC->pSrcList);
    }
................................................................................
  pEList = pSelect->pEList;

  /* Resolve all names in the ORDER BY term expression
  */
  memset(&nc, 0, sizeof(nc));
  nc.pParse = pParse;
  nc.pSrcList = pSelect->pSrc;
  nc.uNC.pEList = pEList;
  nc.ncFlags = NC_AllowAgg|NC_UEList;
  nc.nErr = 0;
  db = pParse->db;
  savedSuppErr = db->suppressErr;
  db->suppressErr = 1;
  rc = sqlite3ResolveExprNames(&nc, pE);
  db->suppressErr = savedSuppErr;
  if( rc ) return 0;
................................................................................
    ** other expressions in the SELECT statement. This is so that
    ** expressions in the WHERE clause (etc.) can refer to expressions by
    ** aliases in the result set.
    **
    ** Minor point: If this is the case, then the expression will be
    ** re-evaluated for each reference to it.
    */
    assert( (sNC.ncFlags & (NC_UAggInfo|NC_UUpsert))==0 );
    sNC.uNC.pEList = p->pEList;
    sNC.ncFlags |= NC_UEList;
    if( sqlite3ResolveExprNames(&sNC, p->pHaving) ) return WRC_Abort;
    if( sqlite3ResolveExprNames(&sNC, p->pWhere) ) return WRC_Abort;

    /* Resolve names in table-valued-function arguments */
    for(i=0; i<p->pSrc->nSrc; i++){
      struct SrcList_item *pItem = &p->pSrc->a[i];
      if( pItem->fg.isTabFunc
................................................................................
** Any errors cause an error message to be set in pParse.
*/
void sqlite3ResolveSelfReference(
  Parse *pParse,      /* Parsing context */
  Table *pTab,        /* The table being referenced */
  int type,           /* NC_IsCheck or NC_PartIdx or NC_IdxExpr */
  Expr *pExpr,        /* Expression to resolve.  May be NULL. */
  ExprList *pList     /* Expression list to resolve.  May be NULL. */
){
  SrcList sSrc;                   /* Fake SrcList for pParse->pNewTable */
  NameContext sNC;                /* Name context for pParse->pNewTable */

  assert( type==NC_IsCheck || type==NC_PartIdx || type==NC_IdxExpr );
  memset(&sNC, 0, sizeof(sNC));
  memset(&sSrc, 0, sizeof(sSrc));

Changes to src/select.c.

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/*
** Trace output macros
*/
#if SELECTTRACE_ENABLED
/***/ int sqlite3SelectTrace = 0;
# define SELECTTRACE(K,P,S,X)  \
  if(sqlite3SelectTrace&(K))   \
    sqlite3DebugPrintf("%s/%p: ",(S)->zSelName,(S)),\
    sqlite3DebugPrintf X
#else
# define SELECTTRACE(K,P,S,X)
#endif


/*
................................................................................
  int tabTnct;    /* Ephemeral table used for DISTINCT processing */
  int addrTnct;   /* Address of OP_OpenEphemeral opcode for tabTnct */
};

/*
** An instance of the following object is used to record information about
** the ORDER BY (or GROUP BY) clause of query is being coded.














*/
typedef struct SortCtx SortCtx;
struct SortCtx {
  ExprList *pOrderBy;   /* The ORDER BY (or GROUP BY clause) */
  int nOBSat;           /* Number of ORDER BY terms satisfied by indices */
  int iECursor;         /* Cursor number for the sorter */
  int regReturn;        /* Register holding block-output return address */
  int labelBkOut;       /* Start label for the block-output subroutine */
  int addrSortIndex;    /* Address of the OP_SorterOpen or OP_OpenEphemeral */
  int labelDone;        /* Jump here when done, ex: LIMIT reached */
  u8 sortFlags;         /* Zero or more SORTFLAG_* bits */
  u8 bOrderedInnerLoop; /* ORDER BY correctly sorts the inner loop */









};
#define SORTFLAG_UseSorter  0x01   /* Use SorterOpen instead of OpenEphemeral */

/*
** Delete all the content of a Select structure.  Deallocate the structure
** itself only if bFree is true.
*/
................................................................................
/* Forward reference */
static KeyInfo *keyInfoFromExprList(
  Parse *pParse,       /* Parsing context */
  ExprList *pList,     /* Form the KeyInfo object from this ExprList */
  int iStart,          /* Begin with this column of pList */
  int nExtra           /* Add this many extra columns to the end */
);

























































/*
** Generate code that will push the record in registers regData
** through regData+nData-1 onto the sorter.
*/
static void pushOntoSorter(
  Parse *pParse,         /* Parser context */
  SortCtx *pSort,        /* Information about the ORDER BY clause */
  Select *pSelect,       /* The whole SELECT statement */
  int regData,           /* First register holding data to be sorted */
  int regOrigData,       /* First register holding data before packing */
  int nData,             /* Number of elements in the data array */
  int nPrefixReg         /* No. of reg prior to regData available for use */
){
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;                         /* Stmt under construction */
  int bSeq = ((pSort->sortFlags & SORTFLAG_UseSorter)==0);
  int nExpr = pSort->pOrderBy->nExpr;              /* No. of ORDER BY terms */
  int nBase = nExpr + bSeq + nData;                /* Fields in sorter record */
  int regBase;                                     /* Regs for sorter record */
  int regRecord = ++pParse->nMem;                  /* Assembled sorter record */
  int nOBSat = pSort->nOBSat;                      /* ORDER BY terms to skip */
  int op;                            /* Opcode to add sorter record to sorter */
  int iLimit;                        /* LIMIT counter */


  assert( bSeq==0 || bSeq==1 );













  assert( nData==1 || regData==regOrigData || regOrigData==0 );

  if( nPrefixReg ){
    assert( nPrefixReg==nExpr+bSeq );
    regBase = regData - nExpr - bSeq;
  }else{
    regBase = pParse->nMem + 1;
    pParse->nMem += nBase;
  }
  assert( pSelect->iOffset==0 || pSelect->iLimit!=0 );
  iLimit = pSelect->iOffset ? pSelect->iOffset+1 : pSelect->iLimit;
  pSort->labelDone = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
................................................................................
                          SQLITE_ECEL_DUP | (regOrigData? SQLITE_ECEL_REF : 0));
  if( bSeq ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Sequence, pSort->iECursor, regBase+nExpr);
  }
  if( nPrefixReg==0 && nData>0 ){
    sqlite3ExprCodeMove(pParse, regData, regBase+nExpr+bSeq, nData);
  }
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regBase+nOBSat, nBase-nOBSat, regRecord);
  if( nOBSat>0 ){
    int regPrevKey;   /* The first nOBSat columns of the previous row */
    int addrFirst;    /* Address of the OP_IfNot opcode */
    int addrJmp;      /* Address of the OP_Jump opcode */
    VdbeOp *pOp;      /* Opcode that opens the sorter */
    int nKey;         /* Number of sorting key columns, including OP_Sequence */
    KeyInfo *pKI;     /* Original KeyInfo on the sorter table */


    regPrevKey = pParse->nMem+1;
    pParse->nMem += pSort->nOBSat;
    nKey = nExpr - pSort->nOBSat + bSeq;
    if( bSeq ){
      addrFirst = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfNot, regBase+nExpr); 
    }else{
      addrFirst = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_SequenceTest, pSort->iECursor);
................................................................................
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IfNot, iLimit, pSort->labelDone);
      VdbeCoverage(v);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrFirst);
    sqlite3ExprCodeMove(pParse, regBase, regPrevKey, pSort->nOBSat);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrJmp);
  }




























  if( pSort->sortFlags & SORTFLAG_UseSorter ){
    op = OP_SorterInsert;
  }else{
    op = OP_IdxInsert;
  }
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, op, pSort->iECursor, regRecord,
                       regBase+nOBSat, nBase-nOBSat);
  if( iLimit ){
    int addr;
    int r1 = 0;
    /* Fill the sorter until it contains LIMIT+OFFSET entries.  (The iLimit
    ** register is initialized with value of LIMIT+OFFSET.)  After the sorter
    ** fills up, delete the least entry in the sorter after each insert.
    ** Thus we never hold more than the LIMIT+OFFSET rows in memory at once */
    addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfNotZero, iLimit); VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Last, pSort->iECursor);
    if( pSort->bOrderedInnerLoop ){
      r1 = ++pParse->nMem;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, pSort->iECursor, nExpr, r1);
      VdbeComment((v, "seq"));
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Delete, pSort->iECursor);

    if( pSort->bOrderedInnerLoop ){
      /* If the inner loop is driven by an index such that values from
      ** the same iteration of the inner loop are in sorted order, then
      ** immediately jump to the next iteration of an inner loop if the
      ** entry from the current iteration does not fit into the top
      ** LIMIT+OFFSET entries of the sorter. */
      int iBrk = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v) + 2;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Eq, regBase+nExpr, iBrk, r1);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, SQLITE_NULLEQ);
      VdbeCoverage(v);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);
  }
}

/*
** Add code to implement the OFFSET
*/
static void codeOffset(
................................................................................
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_Found, iTab, addrRepeat, iMem, N); VdbeCoverage(v);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, iMem, N, r1);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_IdxInsert, iTab, r1, iMem, N);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT);
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r1);
}


















































































/*
** This routine generates the code for the inside of the inner loop
** of a SELECT.
**
** If srcTab is negative, then the p->pEList expressions
** are evaluated in order to get the data for this row.  If srcTab is
** zero or more, then data is pulled from srcTab and p->pEList is used only 
................................................................................
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
  int i;
  int hasDistinct;            /* True if the DISTINCT keyword is present */
  int eDest = pDest->eDest;   /* How to dispose of results */
  int iParm = pDest->iSDParm; /* First argument to disposal method */
  int nResultCol;             /* Number of result columns */
  int nPrefixReg = 0;         /* Number of extra registers before regResult */


  /* Usually, regResult is the first cell in an array of memory cells
  ** containing the current result row. In this case regOrig is set to the
  ** same value. However, if the results are being sent to the sorter, the
  ** values for any expressions that are also part of the sort-key are omitted
  ** from this array. In this case regOrig is set to zero.  */
  int regResult;              /* Start of memory holding current results */
................................................................................
  regOrig = regResult = pDest->iSdst;
  if( srcTab>=0 ){
    for(i=0; i<nResultCol; i++){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, srcTab, i, regResult+i);
      VdbeComment((v, "%s", p->pEList->a[i].zName));
    }
  }else if( eDest!=SRT_Exists ){



    /* If the destination is an EXISTS(...) expression, the actual
    ** values returned by the SELECT are not required.
    */
    u8 ecelFlags;

    if( eDest==SRT_Mem || eDest==SRT_Output || eDest==SRT_Coroutine ){
      ecelFlags = SQLITE_ECEL_DUP;
    }else{
      ecelFlags = 0;
    }
    if( pSort && hasDistinct==0 && eDest!=SRT_EphemTab && eDest!=SRT_Table ){
      /* For each expression in p->pEList that is a copy of an expression in
      ** the ORDER BY clause (pSort->pOrderBy), set the associated 
      ** iOrderByCol value to one more than the index of the ORDER BY 
      ** expression within the sort-key that pushOntoSorter() will generate.
      ** This allows the p->pEList field to be omitted from the sorted record,
      ** saving space and CPU cycles.  */
      ecelFlags |= (SQLITE_ECEL_OMITREF|SQLITE_ECEL_REF);

      for(i=pSort->nOBSat; i<pSort->pOrderBy->nExpr; i++){
        int j;
        if( (j = pSort->pOrderBy->a[i].u.x.iOrderByCol)>0 ){
          p->pEList->a[j-1].u.x.iOrderByCol = i+1-pSort->nOBSat;
        }
      }

























      regOrig = 0;








      assert( eDest==SRT_Set || eDest==SRT_Mem 
           || eDest==SRT_Coroutine || eDest==SRT_Output );
    }
    nResultCol = sqlite3ExprCodeExprList(pParse,p->pEList,regResult,

                                         0,ecelFlags);















  }

  /* If the DISTINCT keyword was present on the SELECT statement
  ** and this row has been seen before, then do not make this row
  ** part of the result.
  */
  if( hasDistinct ){
................................................................................
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_Found, iParm+1, addr, r1, 0);
        VdbeCoverage(v);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_IdxInsert, iParm+1, r1,regResult,nResultCol);
        assert( pSort==0 );
      }
#endif
      if( pSort ){

        pushOntoSorter(pParse, pSort, p, r1+nPrefixReg,regResult,1,nPrefixReg);
      }else{
        int r2 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, iParm, r2);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, iParm, r1, r2);
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_APPEND);
        sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r2);
      }
................................................................................
**
**   "USE TEMP B-TREE FOR xxx"
**
** where xxx is one of "DISTINCT", "ORDER BY" or "GROUP BY". Exactly which
** is determined by the zUsage argument.
*/
static void explainTempTable(Parse *pParse, const char *zUsage){
  if( pParse->explain==2 ){
    Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
    char *zMsg = sqlite3MPrintf(pParse->db, "USE TEMP B-TREE FOR %s", zUsage);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Explain, pParse->iSelectId, 0, 0, zMsg, P4_DYNAMIC);
  }
}

/*
** Assign expression b to lvalue a. A second, no-op, version of this macro
** is provided when SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN is defined. This allows the code
** in sqlite3Select() to assign values to structure member variables that
** only exist if SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN is not defined without polluting the
................................................................................

#else
/* No-op versions of the explainXXX() functions and macros. */
# define explainTempTable(y,z)
# define explainSetInteger(y,z)
#endif

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT)
/*
** Unless an "EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN" command is being processed, this function
** is a no-op. Otherwise, it adds a single row of output to the EQP result,
** where the caption is of one of the two forms:
**
**   "COMPOSITE SUBQUERIES iSub1 and iSub2 (op)"
**   "COMPOSITE SUBQUERIES iSub1 and iSub2 USING TEMP B-TREE (op)"
**
** where iSub1 and iSub2 are the integers passed as the corresponding
** function parameters, and op is the text representation of the parameter
** of the same name. The parameter "op" must be one of TK_UNION, TK_EXCEPT,
** TK_INTERSECT or TK_ALL. The first form is used if argument bUseTmp is 
** false, or the second form if it is true.
*/
static void explainComposite(
  Parse *pParse,                  /* Parse context */
  int op,                         /* One of TK_UNION, TK_EXCEPT etc. */
  int iSub1,                      /* Subquery id 1 */
  int iSub2,                      /* Subquery id 2 */
  int bUseTmp                     /* True if a temp table was used */
){
  assert( op==TK_UNION || op==TK_EXCEPT || op==TK_INTERSECT || op==TK_ALL );
  if( pParse->explain==2 ){
    Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
    char *zMsg = sqlite3MPrintf(
        pParse->db, "COMPOUND SUBQUERIES %d AND %d %s(%s)", iSub1, iSub2,
        bUseTmp?"USING TEMP B-TREE ":"", selectOpName(op)
    );
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Explain, pParse->iSelectId, 0, 0, zMsg, P4_DYNAMIC);
  }
}
#else
/* No-op versions of the explainXXX() functions and macros. */
# define explainComposite(v,w,x,y,z)
#endif

/*
** If the inner loop was generated using a non-null pOrderBy argument,
** then the results were placed in a sorter.  After the loop is terminated
** we need to run the sorter and output the results.  The following
** routine generates the code needed to do that.
*/
................................................................................
  SortCtx *pSort,   /* Information on the ORDER BY clause */
  int nColumn,      /* Number of columns of data */
  SelectDest *pDest /* Write the sorted results here */
){
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;                     /* The prepared statement */
  int addrBreak = pSort->labelDone;            /* Jump here to exit loop */
  int addrContinue = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);  /* Jump here for next cycle */
  int addr;
  int addrOnce = 0;
  int iTab;
  ExprList *pOrderBy = pSort->pOrderBy;
  int eDest = pDest->eDest;
  int iParm = pDest->iSDParm;
  int regRow;
  int regRowid;
  int iCol;
  int nKey;
  int iSortTab;                   /* Sorter cursor to read from */
  int nSortData;                  /* Trailing values to read from sorter */
  int i;
  int bSeq;                       /* True if sorter record includes seq. no. */

  struct ExprList_item *aOutEx = p->pEList->a;

  assert( addrBreak<0 );
  if( pSort->labelBkOut ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Gosub, pSort->regReturn, pSort->labelBkOut);
    sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, addrBreak);
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, pSort->labelBkOut);
  }











  iTab = pSort->iECursor;
  if( eDest==SRT_Output || eDest==SRT_Coroutine || eDest==SRT_Mem ){
    regRowid = 0;
    regRow = pDest->iSdst;
    nSortData = nColumn;
  }else{
    regRowid = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
    regRow = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, nColumn);
    nSortData = nColumn;
  }
  nKey = pOrderBy->nExpr - pSort->nOBSat;
  if( pSort->sortFlags & SORTFLAG_UseSorter ){
    int regSortOut = ++pParse->nMem;
    iSortTab = pParse->nTab++;
    if( pSort->labelBkOut ){
      addrOnce = sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Once); VdbeCoverage(v);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenPseudo, iSortTab, regSortOut, nKey+1+nSortData);

    if( addrOnce ) sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrOnce);
    addr = 1 + sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SorterSort, iTab, addrBreak);
    VdbeCoverage(v);
    codeOffset(v, p->iOffset, addrContinue);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_SorterData, iTab, regSortOut, iSortTab);
    bSeq = 0;
  }else{
    addr = 1 + sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Sort, iTab, addrBreak); VdbeCoverage(v);
    codeOffset(v, p->iOffset, addrContinue);
    iSortTab = iTab;
    bSeq = 1;
  }
  for(i=0, iCol=nKey+bSeq-1; i<nSortData; i++){



    if( aOutEx[i].u.x.iOrderByCol==0 ) iCol++;
  }































  for(i=nSortData-1; i>=0; i--){






    int iRead;
    if( aOutEx[i].u.x.iOrderByCol ){
      iRead = aOutEx[i].u.x.iOrderByCol-1;
    }else{
      iRead = iCol--;
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iSortTab, iRead, regRow+i);
    VdbeComment((v, "%s", aOutEx[i].zName ? aOutEx[i].zName : aOutEx[i].zSpan));
  }

  switch( eDest ){
    case SRT_Table:
    case SRT_EphemTab: {
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, iParm, regRowid);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, iParm, regRow, regRowid);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_APPEND);
      break;
................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
  /* If this is an EXPLAIN, skip this step */
  if( pParse->explain ){
    return;
  }
#endif

  if( pParse->colNamesSet || db->mallocFailed ) return;
  /* Column names are determined by the left-most term of a compound select */
  while( pSelect->pPrior ) pSelect = pSelect->pPrior;
  SELECTTRACE(1,pParse,pSelect,("generating column names\n"));
  pTabList = pSelect->pSrc;
  pEList = pSelect->pEList;
  assert( v!=0 );
  assert( pTabList!=0 );
................................................................................
  }

  /* Detach the ORDER BY clause from the compound SELECT */
  p->pOrderBy = 0;

  /* Store the results of the setup-query in Queue. */
  pSetup->pNext = 0;

  rc = sqlite3Select(pParse, pSetup, &destQueue);
  pSetup->pNext = p;
  if( rc ) goto end_of_recursive_query;

  /* Find the next row in the Queue and output that row */
  addrTop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iQueue, addrBreak); VdbeCoverage(v);

................................................................................
  /* Execute the recursive SELECT taking the single row in Current as
  ** the value for the recursive-table. Store the results in the Queue.
  */
  if( p->selFlags & SF_Aggregate ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "recursive aggregate queries not supported");
  }else{
    p->pPrior = 0;

    sqlite3Select(pParse, p, &destQueue);
    assert( p->pPrior==0 );
    p->pPrior = pSetup;
  }

  /* Keep running the loop until the Queue is empty */
  sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, addrTop);
................................................................................
** Since the limit is exactly 1, we only need to evalutes the left-most VALUES.
*/
static int multiSelectValues(
  Parse *pParse,        /* Parsing context */
  Select *p,            /* The right-most of SELECTs to be coded */
  SelectDest *pDest     /* What to do with query results */
){
  Select *pPrior;
  Select *pRightmost = p;
  int nRow = 1;
  int rc = 0;

  assert( p->selFlags & SF_MultiValue );
  do{
    assert( p->selFlags & SF_Values );
    assert( p->op==TK_ALL || (p->op==TK_SELECT && p->pPrior==0) );
    assert( p->pNext==0 || p->pEList->nExpr==p->pNext->pEList->nExpr );
    if( p->pPrior==0 ) break;
    assert( p->pPrior->pNext==p );
    p = p->pPrior;
    nRow++;
  }while(1);


  while( p ){
    pPrior = p->pPrior;
    p->pPrior = 0;
    rc = sqlite3Select(pParse, p, pDest);
    p->pPrior = pPrior;
    if( rc || pRightmost->pLimit ) break;
    p->nSelectRow = nRow;
    p = p->pNext;
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
................................................................................
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;   /* Success code from a subroutine */
  Select *pPrior;       /* Another SELECT immediately to our left */
  Vdbe *v;              /* Generate code to this VDBE */
  SelectDest dest;      /* Alternative data destination */
  Select *pDelete = 0;  /* Chain of simple selects to delete */
  sqlite3 *db;          /* Database connection */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
  int iSub1 = 0;        /* EQP id of left-hand query */
  int iSub2 = 0;        /* EQP id of right-hand query */
#endif

  /* Make sure there is no ORDER BY or LIMIT clause on prior SELECTs.  Only
  ** the last (right-most) SELECT in the series may have an ORDER BY or LIMIT.
  */
  assert( p && p->pPrior );  /* Calling function guarantees this much */
  assert( (p->selFlags & SF_Recursive)==0 || p->op==TK_ALL || p->op==TK_UNION );
  db = pParse->db;
................................................................................
  }else
#endif

  /* Compound SELECTs that have an ORDER BY clause are handled separately.
  */
  if( p->pOrderBy ){
    return multiSelectOrderBy(pParse, p, pDest);
  }else








  /* Generate code for the left and right SELECT statements.
  */
  switch( p->op ){
    case TK_ALL: {
      int addr = 0;
      int nLimit;
      assert( !pPrior->pLimit );
      pPrior->iLimit = p->iLimit;
      pPrior->iOffset = p->iOffset;
      pPrior->pLimit = p->pLimit;
      explainSetInteger(iSub1, pParse->iNextSelectId);
      rc = sqlite3Select(pParse, pPrior, &dest);
      p->pLimit = 0;
      if( rc ){
        goto multi_select_end;
      }
      p->pPrior = 0;
      p->iLimit = pPrior->iLimit;
................................................................................
        addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfNot, p->iLimit); VdbeCoverage(v);
        VdbeComment((v, "Jump ahead if LIMIT reached"));
        if( p->iOffset ){
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OffsetLimit,
                            p->iLimit, p->iOffset+1, p->iOffset);
        }
      }
      explainSetInteger(iSub2, pParse->iNextSelectId);
      rc = sqlite3Select(pParse, p, &dest);
      testcase( rc!=SQLITE_OK );
      pDelete = p->pPrior;
      p->pPrior = pPrior;
      p->nSelectRow = sqlite3LogEstAdd(p->nSelectRow, pPrior->nSelectRow);
      if( pPrior->pLimit
       && sqlite3ExprIsInteger(pPrior->pLimit->pLeft, &nLimit)
................................................................................
      if( addr ){
        sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);
      }
      break;
    }
    case TK_EXCEPT:
    case TK_UNION: {
      int unionTab;    /* Cursor number of the temporary table holding result */
      u8 op = 0;       /* One of the SRT_ operations to apply to self */
      int priorOp;     /* The SRT_ operation to apply to prior selects */
      Expr *pLimit;    /* Saved values of p->nLimit  */
      int addr;
      SelectDest uniondest;

      testcase( p->op==TK_EXCEPT );
................................................................................
        assert( p->pEList );
      }

      /* Code the SELECT statements to our left
      */
      assert( !pPrior->pOrderBy );
      sqlite3SelectDestInit(&uniondest, priorOp, unionTab);
      explainSetInteger(iSub1, pParse->iNextSelectId);
      rc = sqlite3Select(pParse, pPrior, &uniondest);
      if( rc ){
        goto multi_select_end;
      }

      /* Code the current SELECT statement
      */
................................................................................
        assert( p->op==TK_UNION );
        op = SRT_Union;
      }
      p->pPrior = 0;
      pLimit = p->pLimit;
      p->pLimit = 0;
      uniondest.eDest = op;
      explainSetInteger(iSub2, pParse->iNextSelectId);

      rc = sqlite3Select(pParse, p, &uniondest);
      testcase( rc!=SQLITE_OK );
      /* Query flattening in sqlite3Select() might refill p->pOrderBy.
      ** Be sure to delete p->pOrderBy, therefore, to avoid a memory leak. */
      sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, p->pOrderBy);
      pDelete = p->pPrior;
      p->pPrior = pPrior;
................................................................................
      p->addrOpenEphm[0] = addr;
      findRightmost(p)->selFlags |= SF_UsesEphemeral;
      assert( p->pEList );

      /* Code the SELECTs to our left into temporary table "tab1".
      */
      sqlite3SelectDestInit(&intersectdest, SRT_Union, tab1);
      explainSetInteger(iSub1, pParse->iNextSelectId);
      rc = sqlite3Select(pParse, pPrior, &intersectdest);
      if( rc ){
        goto multi_select_end;
      }

      /* Code the current SELECT into temporary table "tab2"
      */
................................................................................
      addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_OpenEphemeral, tab2, 0);
      assert( p->addrOpenEphm[1] == -1 );
      p->addrOpenEphm[1] = addr;
      p->pPrior = 0;
      pLimit = p->pLimit;
      p->pLimit = 0;
      intersectdest.iSDParm = tab2;
      explainSetInteger(iSub2, pParse->iNextSelectId);

      rc = sqlite3Select(pParse, p, &intersectdest);
      testcase( rc!=SQLITE_OK );
      pDelete = p->pPrior;
      p->pPrior = pPrior;
      if( p->nSelectRow>pPrior->nSelectRow ) p->nSelectRow = pPrior->nSelectRow;


      sqlite3ExprDelete(db, p->pLimit);
      p->pLimit = pLimit;

      /* Generate code to take the intersection of the two temporary
      ** tables.
      */
      assert( p->pEList );
      iBreak = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
      iCont = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
      computeLimitRegisters(pParse, p, iBreak);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, tab1, iBreak); VdbeCoverage(v);
      r1 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
      iStart = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_RowData, tab1, r1);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_NotFound, tab2, iCont, r1, 0); VdbeCoverage(v);

      sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r1);
      selectInnerLoop(pParse, p, tab1,
                      0, 0, &dest, iCont, iBreak);
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iCont);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, tab1, iStart); VdbeCoverage(v);
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iBreak);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, tab2, 0);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, tab1, 0);
      break;
    }
  }

  explainComposite(pParse, p->op, iSub1, iSub2, p->op!=TK_ALL);






  /* Compute collating sequences used by 
  ** temporary tables needed to implement the compound select.
  ** Attach the KeyInfo structure to all temporary tables.
  **
  ** This section is run by the right-most SELECT statement only.
  ** SELECT statements to the left always skip this part.  The right-most
................................................................................
  int op;               /* One of TK_ALL, TK_UNION, TK_EXCEPT, TK_INTERSECT */
  KeyInfo *pKeyDup = 0; /* Comparison information for duplicate removal */
  KeyInfo *pKeyMerge;   /* Comparison information for merging rows */
  sqlite3 *db;          /* Database connection */
  ExprList *pOrderBy;   /* The ORDER BY clause */
  int nOrderBy;         /* Number of terms in the ORDER BY clause */
  int *aPermute;        /* Mapping from ORDER BY terms to result set columns */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
  int iSub1;            /* EQP id of left-hand query */
  int iSub2;            /* EQP id of right-hand query */
#endif

  assert( p->pOrderBy!=0 );
  assert( pKeyDup==0 ); /* "Managed" code needs this.  Ticket #3382. */
  db = pParse->db;
  v = pParse->pVdbe;
  assert( v!=0 );       /* Already thrown the error if VDBE alloc failed */
  labelEnd = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
................................................................................
  regAddrA = ++pParse->nMem;
  regAddrB = ++pParse->nMem;
  regOutA = ++pParse->nMem;
  regOutB = ++pParse->nMem;
  sqlite3SelectDestInit(&destA, SRT_Coroutine, regAddrA);
  sqlite3SelectDestInit(&destB, SRT_Coroutine, regAddrB);



  /* Generate a coroutine to evaluate the SELECT statement to the
  ** left of the compound operator - the "A" select.
  */
  addrSelectA = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v) + 1;
  addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_InitCoroutine, regAddrA, 0, addrSelectA);
  VdbeComment((v, "left SELECT"));
  pPrior->iLimit = regLimitA;
  explainSetInteger(iSub1, pParse->iNextSelectId);
  sqlite3Select(pParse, pPrior, &destA);
  sqlite3VdbeEndCoroutine(v, regAddrA);
  sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr1);

  /* Generate a coroutine to evaluate the SELECT statement on 
  ** the right - the "B" select
  */
................................................................................
  addrSelectB = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v) + 1;
  addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_InitCoroutine, regAddrB, 0, addrSelectB);
  VdbeComment((v, "right SELECT"));
  savedLimit = p->iLimit;
  savedOffset = p->iOffset;
  p->iLimit = regLimitB;
  p->iOffset = 0;  
  explainSetInteger(iSub2, pParse->iNextSelectId);
  sqlite3Select(pParse, p, &destB);
  p->iLimit = savedLimit;
  p->iOffset = savedOffset;
  sqlite3VdbeEndCoroutine(v, regAddrB);

  /* Generate a subroutine that outputs the current row of the A
  ** select as the next output row of the compound select.
................................................................................
    sqlite3SelectDelete(db, p->pPrior);
  }
  p->pPrior = pPrior;
  pPrior->pNext = p;

  /*** TBD:  Insert subroutine calls to close cursors on incomplete
  **** subqueries ****/
  explainComposite(pParse, p->op, iSub1, iSub2, 0);
  return pParse->nErr!=0;
}
#endif

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW)

/* An instance of the SubstContext object describes an substitution edit
................................................................................
    if( pNew==0 ){
      p->pPrior = pPrior;
    }else{
      pNew->pPrior = pPrior;
      if( pPrior ) pPrior->pNext = pNew;
      pNew->pNext = p;
      p->pPrior = pNew;
      SELECTTRACE(2,pParse,p,
         ("compound-subquery flattener creates %s.%p as peer\n",
         pNew->zSelName, pNew));
    }
    if( db->mallocFailed ) return 1;
  }

  /* Begin flattening the iFrom-th entry of the FROM clause 
  ** in the outer query.
  */
................................................................................
static void explainSimpleCount(
  Parse *pParse,                  /* Parse context */
  Table *pTab,                    /* Table being queried */
  Index *pIdx                     /* Index used to optimize scan, or NULL */
){
  if( pParse->explain==2 ){
    int bCover = (pIdx!=0 && (HasRowid(pTab) || !IsPrimaryKeyIndex(pIdx)));
    char *zEqp = sqlite3MPrintf(pParse->db, "SCAN TABLE %s%s%s",
        pTab->zName,
        bCover ? " USING COVERING INDEX " : "",
        bCover ? pIdx->zName : ""
    );
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(
        pParse->pVdbe, OP_Explain, pParse->iSelectId, 0, 0, zEqp, P4_DYNAMIC
    );
  }
}
#else
# define explainSimpleCount(a,b,c)
#endif

/*
................................................................................
  SortCtx sSort;         /* Info on how to code the ORDER BY clause */
  AggInfo sAggInfo;      /* Information used by aggregate queries */
  int iEnd;              /* Address of the end of the query */
  sqlite3 *db;           /* The database connection */
  ExprList *pMinMaxOrderBy = 0;  /* Added ORDER BY for min/max queries */
  u8 minMaxFlag;                 /* Flag for min/max queries */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
  int iRestoreSelectId = pParse->iSelectId;
  pParse->iSelectId = pParse->iNextSelectId++;
#endif

  db = pParse->db;

  if( p==0 || db->mallocFailed || pParse->nErr ){
    return 1;
  }
  if( sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_SELECT, 0, 0, 0) ) return 1;
  memset(&sAggInfo, 0, sizeof(sAggInfo));
#if SELECTTRACE_ENABLED
  SELECTTRACE(1,pParse,p, ("begin processing:\n"));
  if( sqlite3SelectTrace & 0x100 ){
    sqlite3TreeViewSelect(0, p, 0);
  }
#endif

  assert( p->pOrderBy==0 || pDest->eDest!=SRT_DistFifo );
  assert( p->pOrderBy==0 || pDest->eDest!=SRT_Fifo );
................................................................................
  pTabList = p->pSrc;
  if( pParse->nErr || db->mallocFailed ){
    goto select_end;
  }
  assert( p->pEList!=0 );
  isAgg = (p->selFlags & SF_Aggregate)!=0;
#if SELECTTRACE_ENABLED
  if( sqlite3SelectTrace & 0x100 ){
    SELECTTRACE(0x100,pParse,p, ("after name resolution:\n"));
    sqlite3TreeViewSelect(0, p, 0);
  }
#endif

  /* Get a pointer the VDBE under construction, allocating a new VDBE if one
  ** does not already exist */
  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( v==0 ) goto select_end;
  if( pDest->eDest==SRT_Output ){
    generateColumnNames(pParse, p);
  }

  /* Try to various optimizations (flattening subqueries, and strength
  ** reduction of join operators) in the FROM clause up into the main query
  */
................................................................................

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT
  /* Handle compound SELECT statements using the separate multiSelect()
  ** procedure.
  */
  if( p->pPrior ){
    rc = multiSelect(pParse, p, pDest);
    explainSetInteger(pParse->iSelectId, iRestoreSelectId);
#if SELECTTRACE_ENABLED
    SELECTTRACE(1,pParse,p,("end compound-select processing\n"));



#endif

    return rc;
  }
#endif

  /* For each term in the FROM clause, do two things:
  ** (1) Authorized unreferenced tables
  ** (2) Generate code for all sub-queries
................................................................................
      int addrTop = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)+1;
     
      pItem->regReturn = ++pParse->nMem;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_InitCoroutine, pItem->regReturn, 0, addrTop);
      VdbeComment((v, "%s", pItem->pTab->zName));
      pItem->addrFillSub = addrTop;
      sqlite3SelectDestInit(&dest, SRT_Coroutine, pItem->regReturn);
      explainSetInteger(pItem->iSelectId, (u8)pParse->iNextSelectId);
      sqlite3Select(pParse, pSub, &dest);
      pItem->pTab->nRowLogEst = pSub->nSelectRow;
      pItem->fg.viaCoroutine = 1;
      pItem->regResult = dest.iSdst;
      sqlite3VdbeEndCoroutine(v, pItem->regReturn);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrTop-1);
      sqlite3ClearTempRegCache(pParse);
................................................................................
        VdbeComment((v, "materialize \"%s\"", pItem->pTab->zName));
      }else{
        VdbeNoopComment((v, "materialize \"%s\"", pItem->pTab->zName));
      }
      pPrior = isSelfJoinView(pTabList, pItem);
      if( pPrior ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_OpenDup, pItem->iCursor, pPrior->iCursor);
        explainSetInteger(pItem->iSelectId, pPrior->iSelectId);
        assert( pPrior->pSelect!=0 );
        pSub->nSelectRow = pPrior->pSelect->nSelectRow;
      }else{
        sqlite3SelectDestInit(&dest, SRT_EphemTab, pItem->iCursor);
        explainSetInteger(pItem->iSelectId, (u8)pParse->iNextSelectId);
        sqlite3Select(pParse, pSub, &dest);
      }
      pItem->pTab->nRowLogEst = pSub->nSelectRow;
      if( onceAddr ) sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, onceAddr);
      retAddr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Return, pItem->regReturn);
      VdbeComment((v, "end %s", pItem->pTab->zName));
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, topAddr, retAddr);
................................................................................
    /* Convert TK_COLUMN nodes into TK_AGG_COLUMN and make entries in
    ** sAggInfo for all TK_AGG_FUNCTION nodes in expressions of the
    ** SELECT statement.
    */
    memset(&sNC, 0, sizeof(sNC));
    sNC.pParse = pParse;
    sNC.pSrcList = pTabList;
    sNC.pAggInfo = &sAggInfo;

    sAggInfo.mnReg = pParse->nMem+1;
    sAggInfo.nSortingColumn = pGroupBy ? pGroupBy->nExpr : 0;
    sAggInfo.pGroupBy = pGroupBy;
    sqlite3ExprAnalyzeAggList(&sNC, pEList);
    sqlite3ExprAnalyzeAggList(&sNC, sSort.pOrderBy);
    if( pHaving ){
      if( pGroupBy ){
................................................................................

  /* If there is an ORDER BY clause, then we need to sort the results
  ** and send them to the callback one by one.
  */
  if( sSort.pOrderBy ){
    explainTempTable(pParse,
                     sSort.nOBSat>0 ? "RIGHT PART OF ORDER BY":"ORDER BY");

    generateSortTail(pParse, p, &sSort, pEList->nExpr, pDest);
  }

  /* Jump here to skip this query
  */
  sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iEnd);

................................................................................
  ** set the return code to 1. Otherwise 0. */
  rc = (pParse->nErr>0);

  /* Control jumps to here if an error is encountered above, or upon
  ** successful coding of the SELECT.
  */
select_end:
  explainSetInteger(pParse->iSelectId, iRestoreSelectId);
  sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, pMinMaxOrderBy);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, sAggInfo.aCol);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, sAggInfo.aFunc);
#if SELECTTRACE_ENABLED
  SELECTTRACE(1,pParse,p,("end processing\n"));



#endif

  return rc;
}







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/*
** Trace output macros
*/
#if SELECTTRACE_ENABLED
/***/ int sqlite3SelectTrace = 0;
# define SELECTTRACE(K,P,S,X)  \
  if(sqlite3SelectTrace&(K))   \
    sqlite3DebugPrintf("%s/%d/%p: ",(S)->zSelName,(P)->addrExplain,(S)),\
    sqlite3DebugPrintf X
#else
# define SELECTTRACE(K,P,S,X)
#endif


/*
................................................................................
  int tabTnct;    /* Ephemeral table used for DISTINCT processing */
  int addrTnct;   /* Address of OP_OpenEphemeral opcode for tabTnct */
};

/*
** An instance of the following object is used to record information about
** the ORDER BY (or GROUP BY) clause of query is being coded.
**
** The aDefer[] array is used by the sorter-references optimization. For
** example, assuming there is no index that can be used for the ORDER BY,
** for the query:
**
**     SELECT a, bigblob FROM t1 ORDER BY a LIMIT 10;
**
** it may be more efficient to add just the "a" values to the sorter, and
** retrieve the associated "bigblob" values directly from table t1 as the
** 10 smallest "a" values are extracted from the sorter.
**
** When the sorter-reference optimization is used, there is one entry in the
** aDefer[] array for each database table that may be read as values are
** extracted from the sorter.
*/
typedef struct SortCtx SortCtx;
struct SortCtx {
  ExprList *pOrderBy;   /* The ORDER BY (or GROUP BY clause) */
  int nOBSat;           /* Number of ORDER BY terms satisfied by indices */
  int iECursor;         /* Cursor number for the sorter */
  int regReturn;        /* Register holding block-output return address */
  int labelBkOut;       /* Start label for the block-output subroutine */
  int addrSortIndex;    /* Address of the OP_SorterOpen or OP_OpenEphemeral */
  int labelDone;        /* Jump here when done, ex: LIMIT reached */
  u8 sortFlags;         /* Zero or more SORTFLAG_* bits */
  u8 bOrderedInnerLoop; /* ORDER BY correctly sorts the inner loop */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SORTER_REFERENCES
  u8 nDefer;            /* Number of valid entries in aDefer[] */
  struct DeferredCsr {
    Table *pTab;        /* Table definition */
    int iCsr;           /* Cursor number for table */
    int nKey;           /* Number of PK columns for table pTab (>=1) */
  } aDefer[4];
#endif
  struct RowLoadInfo *pDeferredRowLoad;  /* Deferred row loading info or NULL */
};
#define SORTFLAG_UseSorter  0x01   /* Use SorterOpen instead of OpenEphemeral */

/*
** Delete all the content of a Select structure.  Deallocate the structure
** itself only if bFree is true.
*/
................................................................................
/* Forward reference */
static KeyInfo *keyInfoFromExprList(
  Parse *pParse,       /* Parsing context */
  ExprList *pList,     /* Form the KeyInfo object from this ExprList */
  int iStart,          /* Begin with this column of pList */
  int nExtra           /* Add this many extra columns to the end */
);

/*
** An instance of this object holds information (beyond pParse and pSelect)
** needed to load the next result row that is to be added to the sorter.
*/
typedef struct RowLoadInfo RowLoadInfo;
struct RowLoadInfo {
  int regResult;               /* Store results in array of registers here */
  u8 ecelFlags;                /* Flag argument to ExprCodeExprList() */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SORTER_REFERENCES
  ExprList *pExtra;            /* Extra columns needed by sorter refs */
  int regExtraResult;          /* Where to load the extra columns */
#endif
};

/*
** This routine does the work of loading query data into an array of
** registers so that it can be added to the sorter.
*/
static void innerLoopLoadRow(
  Parse *pParse,             /* Statement under construction */
  Select *pSelect,           /* The query being coded */
  RowLoadInfo *pInfo         /* Info needed to complete the row load */
){
  sqlite3ExprCodeExprList(pParse, pSelect->pEList, pInfo->regResult,
                          0, pInfo->ecelFlags);
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SORTER_REFERENCES
  if( pInfo->pExtra ){
    sqlite3ExprCodeExprList(pParse, pInfo->pExtra, pInfo->regExtraResult, 0, 0);
    sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, pInfo->pExtra);
  }
#endif
}

/*
** Code the OP_MakeRecord instruction that generates the entry to be
** added into the sorter.
**
** Return the register in which the result is stored.
*/
static int makeSorterRecord(
  Parse *pParse,
  SortCtx *pSort,
  Select *pSelect,
  int regBase,
  int nBase
){
  int nOBSat = pSort->nOBSat;
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
  int regOut = ++pParse->nMem;
  if( pSort->pDeferredRowLoad ){
    innerLoopLoadRow(pParse, pSelect, pSort->pDeferredRowLoad);
  }
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regBase+nOBSat, nBase-nOBSat, regOut);
  return regOut;
}

/*
** Generate code that will push the record in registers regData
** through regData+nData-1 onto the sorter.
*/
static void pushOntoSorter(
  Parse *pParse,         /* Parser context */
  SortCtx *pSort,        /* Information about the ORDER BY clause */
  Select *pSelect,       /* The whole SELECT statement */
  int regData,           /* First register holding data to be sorted */
  int regOrigData,       /* First register holding data before packing */
  int nData,             /* Number of elements in the regData data array */
  int nPrefixReg         /* No. of reg prior to regData available for use */
){
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;                         /* Stmt under construction */
  int bSeq = ((pSort->sortFlags & SORTFLAG_UseSorter)==0);
  int nExpr = pSort->pOrderBy->nExpr;              /* No. of ORDER BY terms */
  int nBase = nExpr + bSeq + nData;                /* Fields in sorter record */
  int regBase;                                     /* Regs for sorter record */
  int regRecord = 0;                               /* Assembled sorter record */
  int nOBSat = pSort->nOBSat;                      /* ORDER BY terms to skip */
  int op;                            /* Opcode to add sorter record to sorter */
  int iLimit;                        /* LIMIT counter */
  int iSkip = 0;                     /* End of the sorter insert loop */

  assert( bSeq==0 || bSeq==1 );

  /* Three cases:
  **   (1) The data to be sorted has already been packed into a Record
  **       by a prior OP_MakeRecord.  In this case nData==1 and regData
  **       will be completely unrelated to regOrigData.
  **   (2) All output columns are included in the sort record.  In that
  **       case regData==regOrigData.
  **   (3) Some output columns are omitted from the sort record due to
  **       the SQLITE_ENABLE_SORTER_REFERENCE optimization, or due to the
  **       SQLITE_ECEL_OMITREF optimization.  In that case, regOrigData==0
  **       to prevent this routine from trying to copy values that might
  **       not exist.
  */
  assert( nData==1 || regData==regOrigData || regOrigData==0 );

  if( nPrefixReg ){
    assert( nPrefixReg==nExpr+bSeq );
    regBase = regData - nPrefixReg;
  }else{
    regBase = pParse->nMem + 1;
    pParse->nMem += nBase;
  }
  assert( pSelect->iOffset==0 || pSelect->iLimit!=0 );
  iLimit = pSelect->iOffset ? pSelect->iOffset+1 : pSelect->iLimit;
  pSort->labelDone = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
................................................................................
                          SQLITE_ECEL_DUP | (regOrigData? SQLITE_ECEL_REF : 0));
  if( bSeq ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Sequence, pSort->iECursor, regBase+nExpr);
  }
  if( nPrefixReg==0 && nData>0 ){
    sqlite3ExprCodeMove(pParse, regData, regBase+nExpr+bSeq, nData);
  }

  if( nOBSat>0 ){
    int regPrevKey;   /* The first nOBSat columns of the previous row */
    int addrFirst;    /* Address of the OP_IfNot opcode */
    int addrJmp;      /* Address of the OP_Jump opcode */
    VdbeOp *pOp;      /* Opcode that opens the sorter */
    int nKey;         /* Number of sorting key columns, including OP_Sequence */
    KeyInfo *pKI;     /* Original KeyInfo on the sorter table */

    regRecord = makeSorterRecord(pParse, pSort, pSelect, regBase, nBase);
    regPrevKey = pParse->nMem+1;
    pParse->nMem += pSort->nOBSat;
    nKey = nExpr - pSort->nOBSat + bSeq;
    if( bSeq ){
      addrFirst = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfNot, regBase+nExpr); 
    }else{
      addrFirst = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_SequenceTest, pSort->iECursor);
................................................................................
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IfNot, iLimit, pSort->labelDone);
      VdbeCoverage(v);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrFirst);
    sqlite3ExprCodeMove(pParse, regBase, regPrevKey, pSort->nOBSat);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrJmp);
  }
  if( iLimit ){
    /* At this point the values for the new sorter entry are stored
    ** in an array of registers. They need to be composed into a record
    ** and inserted into the sorter if either (a) there are currently
    ** less than LIMIT+OFFSET items or (b) the new record is smaller than 
    ** the largest record currently in the sorter. If (b) is true and there
    ** are already LIMIT+OFFSET items in the sorter, delete the largest
    ** entry before inserting the new one. This way there are never more 
    ** than LIMIT+OFFSET items in the sorter.
    **
    ** If the new record does not need to be inserted into the sorter,
    ** jump to the next iteration of the loop. Or, if the
    ** pSort->bOrderedInnerLoop flag is set to indicate that the inner
    ** loop delivers items in sorted order, jump to the next iteration
    ** of the outer loop.
    */
    int iCsr = pSort->iECursor;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IfNotZero, iLimit, sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)+4);
    VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Last, iCsr, 0);
    iSkip = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_IdxLE,
                                 iCsr, 0, regBase+nOBSat, nExpr-nOBSat);
    VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Delete, iCsr);
  }
  if( regRecord==0 ){
    regRecord = makeSorterRecord(pParse, pSort, pSelect, regBase, nBase);
  }
  if( pSort->sortFlags & SORTFLAG_UseSorter ){
    op = OP_SorterInsert;
  }else{
    op = OP_IdxInsert;
  }
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, op, pSort->iECursor, regRecord,
                       regBase+nOBSat, nBase-nOBSat);
  if( iSkip ){








    assert( pSort->bOrderedInnerLoop==0 || pSort->bOrderedInnerLoop==1 );





    sqlite3VdbeChangeP2(v, iSkip,
         sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v) + pSort->bOrderedInnerLoop);











  }
}

/*
** Add code to implement the OFFSET
*/
static void codeOffset(
................................................................................
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_Found, iTab, addrRepeat, iMem, N); VdbeCoverage(v);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, iMem, N, r1);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_IdxInsert, iTab, r1, iMem, N);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT);
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r1);
}

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SORTER_REFERENCES
/*
** This function is called as part of inner-loop generation for a SELECT
** statement with an ORDER BY that is not optimized by an index. It 
** determines the expressions, if any, that the sorter-reference 
** optimization should be used for. The sorter-reference optimization
** is used for SELECT queries like:
**
**   SELECT a, bigblob FROM t1 ORDER BY a LIMIT 10
**
** If the optimization is used for expression "bigblob", then instead of
** storing values read from that column in the sorter records, the PK of
** the row from table t1 is stored instead. Then, as records are extracted from
** the sorter to return to the user, the required value of bigblob is
** retrieved directly from table t1. If the values are very large, this 
** can be more efficient than storing them directly in the sorter records.
**
** The ExprList_item.bSorterRef flag is set for each expression in pEList 
** for which the sorter-reference optimization should be enabled. 
** Additionally, the pSort->aDefer[] array is populated with entries
** for all cursors required to evaluate all selected expressions. Finally.
** output variable (*ppExtra) is set to an expression list containing
** expressions for all extra PK values that should be stored in the
** sorter records.
*/
static void selectExprDefer(
  Parse *pParse,                  /* Leave any error here */
  SortCtx *pSort,                 /* Sorter context */
  ExprList *pEList,               /* Expressions destined for sorter */
  ExprList **ppExtra              /* Expressions to append to sorter record */
){
  int i;
  int nDefer = 0;
  ExprList *pExtra = 0;
  for(i=0; i<pEList->nExpr; i++){
    struct ExprList_item *pItem = &pEList->a[i];
    if( pItem->u.x.iOrderByCol==0 ){
      Expr *pExpr = pItem->pExpr;
      Table *pTab = pExpr->pTab;
      if( pExpr->op==TK_COLUMN && pTab && !IsVirtual(pTab)
       && (pTab->aCol[pExpr->iColumn].colFlags & COLFLAG_SORTERREF)
      ){
        int j;
        for(j=0; j<nDefer; j++){
          if( pSort->aDefer[j].iCsr==pExpr->iTable ) break;
        }
        if( j==nDefer ){
          if( nDefer==ArraySize(pSort->aDefer) ){
            continue;
          }else{
            int nKey = 1;
            int k;
            Index *pPk = 0;
            if( !HasRowid(pTab) ){
              pPk = sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pTab);
              nKey = pPk->nKeyCol;
            }
            for(k=0; k<nKey; k++){
              Expr *pNew = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_COLUMN, 0, 0);
              if( pNew ){
                pNew->iTable = pExpr->iTable;
                pNew->pTab = pExpr->pTab;
                pNew->iColumn = pPk ? pPk->aiColumn[k] : -1;
                pExtra = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, pExtra, pNew);
              }
            }
            pSort->aDefer[nDefer].pTab = pExpr->pTab;
            pSort->aDefer[nDefer].iCsr = pExpr->iTable;
            pSort->aDefer[nDefer].nKey = nKey;
            nDefer++;
          }
        }
        pItem->bSorterRef = 1;
      }
    }
  }
  pSort->nDefer = (u8)nDefer;
  *ppExtra = pExtra;
}
#endif

/*
** This routine generates the code for the inside of the inner loop
** of a SELECT.
**
** If srcTab is negative, then the p->pEList expressions
** are evaluated in order to get the data for this row.  If srcTab is
** zero or more, then data is pulled from srcTab and p->pEList is used only 
................................................................................
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
  int i;
  int hasDistinct;            /* True if the DISTINCT keyword is present */
  int eDest = pDest->eDest;   /* How to dispose of results */
  int iParm = pDest->iSDParm; /* First argument to disposal method */
  int nResultCol;             /* Number of result columns */
  int nPrefixReg = 0;         /* Number of extra registers before regResult */
  RowLoadInfo sRowLoadInfo;   /* Info for deferred row loading */

  /* Usually, regResult is the first cell in an array of memory cells
  ** containing the current result row. In this case regOrig is set to the
  ** same value. However, if the results are being sent to the sorter, the
  ** values for any expressions that are also part of the sort-key are omitted
  ** from this array. In this case regOrig is set to zero.  */
  int regResult;              /* Start of memory holding current results */
................................................................................
  regOrig = regResult = pDest->iSdst;
  if( srcTab>=0 ){
    for(i=0; i<nResultCol; i++){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, srcTab, i, regResult+i);
      VdbeComment((v, "%s", p->pEList->a[i].zName));
    }
  }else if( eDest!=SRT_Exists ){
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SORTER_REFERENCES
    ExprList *pExtra = 0;
#endif
    /* If the destination is an EXISTS(...) expression, the actual
    ** values returned by the SELECT are not required.
    */
    u8 ecelFlags;    /* "ecel" is an abbreviation of "ExprCodeExprList" */
    ExprList *pEList;
    if( eDest==SRT_Mem || eDest==SRT_Output || eDest==SRT_Coroutine ){
      ecelFlags = SQLITE_ECEL_DUP;
    }else{
      ecelFlags = 0;
    }
    if( pSort && hasDistinct==0 && eDest!=SRT_EphemTab && eDest!=SRT_Table ){
      /* For each expression in p->pEList that is a copy of an expression in
      ** the ORDER BY clause (pSort->pOrderBy), set the associated 
      ** iOrderByCol value to one more than the index of the ORDER BY 
      ** expression within the sort-key that pushOntoSorter() will generate.
      ** This allows the p->pEList field to be omitted from the sorted record,
      ** saving space and CPU cycles.  */
      ecelFlags |= (SQLITE_ECEL_OMITREF|SQLITE_ECEL_REF);

      for(i=pSort->nOBSat; i<pSort->pOrderBy->nExpr; i++){
        int j;
        if( (j = pSort->pOrderBy->a[i].u.x.iOrderByCol)>0 ){
          p->pEList->a[j-1].u.x.iOrderByCol = i+1-pSort->nOBSat;
        }
      }
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SORTER_REFERENCES
      selectExprDefer(pParse, pSort, p->pEList, &pExtra);
      if( pExtra && pParse->db->mallocFailed==0 ){
        /* If there are any extra PK columns to add to the sorter records,
        ** allocate extra memory cells and adjust the OpenEphemeral 
        ** instruction to account for the larger records. This is only
        ** required if there are one or more WITHOUT ROWID tables with
        ** composite primary keys in the SortCtx.aDefer[] array.  */
        VdbeOp *pOp = sqlite3VdbeGetOp(v, pSort->addrSortIndex);
        pOp->p2 += (pExtra->nExpr - pSort->nDefer);
        pOp->p4.pKeyInfo->nAllField += (pExtra->nExpr - pSort->nDefer);
        pParse->nMem += pExtra->nExpr;
      }
#endif

      /* Adjust nResultCol to account for columns that are omitted
      ** from the sorter by the optimizations in this branch */
      pEList = p->pEList;
      for(i=0; i<pEList->nExpr; i++){
        if( pEList->a[i].u.x.iOrderByCol>0
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SORTER_REFERENCES
         || pEList->a[i].bSorterRef
#endif
        ){
          nResultCol--;
          regOrig = 0;
        }
      }

      testcase( regOrig );
      testcase( eDest==SRT_Set );
      testcase( eDest==SRT_Mem );
      testcase( eDest==SRT_Coroutine );
      testcase( eDest==SRT_Output );
      assert( eDest==SRT_Set || eDest==SRT_Mem 
           || eDest==SRT_Coroutine || eDest==SRT_Output );
    }

    sRowLoadInfo.regResult = regResult;
    sRowLoadInfo.ecelFlags = ecelFlags;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SORTER_REFERENCES
    sRowLoadInfo.pExtra = pExtra;
    sRowLoadInfo.regExtraResult = regResult + nResultCol;
    if( pExtra ) nResultCol += pExtra->nExpr;
#endif
    if( p->iLimit
     && (ecelFlags & SQLITE_ECEL_OMITREF)!=0 
     && nPrefixReg>0
    ){
      assert( pSort!=0 );
      assert( hasDistinct==0 );
      pSort->pDeferredRowLoad = &sRowLoadInfo;
    }else{
      innerLoopLoadRow(pParse, p, &sRowLoadInfo);
    }
  }

  /* If the DISTINCT keyword was present on the SELECT statement
  ** and this row has been seen before, then do not make this row
  ** part of the result.
  */
  if( hasDistinct ){
................................................................................
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_Found, iParm+1, addr, r1, 0);
        VdbeCoverage(v);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_IdxInsert, iParm+1, r1,regResult,nResultCol);
        assert( pSort==0 );
      }
#endif
      if( pSort ){
        assert( regResult==regOrig );
        pushOntoSorter(pParse, pSort, p, r1+nPrefixReg, regOrig, 1, nPrefixReg);
      }else{
        int r2 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, iParm, r2);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, iParm, r1, r2);
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_APPEND);
        sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r2);
      }
................................................................................
**
**   "USE TEMP B-TREE FOR xxx"
**
** where xxx is one of "DISTINCT", "ORDER BY" or "GROUP BY". Exactly which
** is determined by the zUsage argument.
*/
static void explainTempTable(Parse *pParse, const char *zUsage){


  ExplainQueryPlan((pParse, 0, "USE TEMP B-TREE FOR %s", zUsage));


}

/*
** Assign expression b to lvalue a. A second, no-op, version of this macro
** is provided when SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN is defined. This allows the code
** in sqlite3Select() to assign values to structure member variables that
** only exist if SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN is not defined without polluting the
................................................................................

#else
/* No-op versions of the explainXXX() functions and macros. */
# define explainTempTable(y,z)
# define explainSetInteger(y,z)
#endif






































/*
** If the inner loop was generated using a non-null pOrderBy argument,
** then the results were placed in a sorter.  After the loop is terminated
** we need to run the sorter and output the results.  The following
** routine generates the code needed to do that.
*/
................................................................................
  SortCtx *pSort,   /* Information on the ORDER BY clause */
  int nColumn,      /* Number of columns of data */
  SelectDest *pDest /* Write the sorted results here */
){
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;                     /* The prepared statement */
  int addrBreak = pSort->labelDone;            /* Jump here to exit loop */
  int addrContinue = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);  /* Jump here for next cycle */
  int addr;                       /* Top of output loop. Jump for Next. */
  int addrOnce = 0;
  int iTab;
  ExprList *pOrderBy = pSort->pOrderBy;
  int eDest = pDest->eDest;
  int iParm = pDest->iSDParm;
  int regRow;
  int regRowid;
  int iCol;
  int nKey;                       /* Number of key columns in sorter record */
  int iSortTab;                   /* Sorter cursor to read from */

  int i;
  int bSeq;                       /* True if sorter record includes seq. no. */
  int nRefKey = 0;
  struct ExprList_item *aOutEx = p->pEList->a;

  assert( addrBreak<0 );
  if( pSort->labelBkOut ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Gosub, pSort->regReturn, pSort->labelBkOut);
    sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, addrBreak);
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, pSort->labelBkOut);
  }

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SORTER_REFERENCES
  /* Open any cursors needed for sorter-reference expressions */
  for(i=0; i<pSort->nDefer; i++){
    Table *pTab = pSort->aDefer[i].pTab;
    int iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(pParse->db, pTab->pSchema);
    sqlite3OpenTable(pParse, pSort->aDefer[i].iCsr, iDb, pTab, OP_OpenRead);
    nRefKey = MAX(nRefKey, pSort->aDefer[i].nKey);
  }
#endif

  iTab = pSort->iECursor;
  if( eDest==SRT_Output || eDest==SRT_Coroutine || eDest==SRT_Mem ){
    regRowid = 0;
    regRow = pDest->iSdst;

  }else{
    regRowid = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
    regRow = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, nColumn);

  }
  nKey = pOrderBy->nExpr - pSort->nOBSat;
  if( pSort->sortFlags & SORTFLAG_UseSorter ){
    int regSortOut = ++pParse->nMem;
    iSortTab = pParse->nTab++;
    if( pSort->labelBkOut ){
      addrOnce = sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Once); VdbeCoverage(v);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenPseudo, iSortTab, regSortOut, 
        nKey+1+nColumn+nRefKey);
    if( addrOnce ) sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrOnce);
    addr = 1 + sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SorterSort, iTab, addrBreak);
    VdbeCoverage(v);
    codeOffset(v, p->iOffset, addrContinue);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_SorterData, iTab, regSortOut, iSortTab);
    bSeq = 0;
  }else{
    addr = 1 + sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Sort, iTab, addrBreak); VdbeCoverage(v);
    codeOffset(v, p->iOffset, addrContinue);
    iSortTab = iTab;
    bSeq = 1;
  }
  for(i=0, iCol=nKey+bSeq-1; i<nColumn; i++){
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SORTER_REFERENCES
    if( aOutEx[i].bSorterRef ) continue;
#endif
    if( aOutEx[i].u.x.iOrderByCol==0 ) iCol++;
  }
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SORTER_REFERENCES
  if( pSort->nDefer ){
    int iKey = iCol+1;
    int regKey = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, nRefKey);

    for(i=0; i<pSort->nDefer; i++){
      int iCsr = pSort->aDefer[i].iCsr;
      Table *pTab = pSort->aDefer[i].pTab;
      int nKey = pSort->aDefer[i].nKey;

      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_NullRow, iCsr);
      if( HasRowid(pTab) ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iSortTab, iKey++, regKey);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_SeekRowid, iCsr, 
            sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)+1, regKey);
      }else{
        int k;
        int iJmp;
        assert( sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pTab)->nKeyCol==nKey );
        for(k=0; k<nKey; k++){
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iSortTab, iKey++, regKey+k);
        }
        iJmp = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_SeekGE, iCsr, iJmp+2, regKey, nKey);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_IdxLE, iCsr, iJmp+3, regKey, nKey);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_NullRow, iCsr);
      }
    }
    sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, regKey, nRefKey);
  }
#endif
  for(i=nColumn-1; i>=0; i--){
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SORTER_REFERENCES
    if( aOutEx[i].bSorterRef ){
      sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, aOutEx[i].pExpr, regRow+i);
    }else
#endif
    {
      int iRead;
      if( aOutEx[i].u.x.iOrderByCol ){
        iRead = aOutEx[i].u.x.iOrderByCol-1;
      }else{
        iRead = iCol--;
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iSortTab, iRead, regRow+i);
      VdbeComment((v, "%s", aOutEx[i].zName?aOutEx[i].zName : aOutEx[i].zSpan));
    }
  }
  switch( eDest ){
    case SRT_Table:
    case SRT_EphemTab: {
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, iParm, regRowid);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, iParm, regRow, regRowid);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_APPEND);
      break;
................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
  /* If this is an EXPLAIN, skip this step */
  if( pParse->explain ){
    return;
  }
#endif

  if( pParse->colNamesSet ) return;
  /* Column names are determined by the left-most term of a compound select */
  while( pSelect->pPrior ) pSelect = pSelect->pPrior;
  SELECTTRACE(1,pParse,pSelect,("generating column names\n"));
  pTabList = pSelect->pSrc;
  pEList = pSelect->pEList;
  assert( v!=0 );
  assert( pTabList!=0 );
................................................................................
  }

  /* Detach the ORDER BY clause from the compound SELECT */
  p->pOrderBy = 0;

  /* Store the results of the setup-query in Queue. */
  pSetup->pNext = 0;
  ExplainQueryPlan((pParse, 1, "SETUP"));
  rc = sqlite3Select(pParse, pSetup, &destQueue);
  pSetup->pNext = p;
  if( rc ) goto end_of_recursive_query;

  /* Find the next row in the Queue and output that row */
  addrTop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iQueue, addrBreak); VdbeCoverage(v);

................................................................................
  /* Execute the recursive SELECT taking the single row in Current as
  ** the value for the recursive-table. Store the results in the Queue.
  */
  if( p->selFlags & SF_Aggregate ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "recursive aggregate queries not supported");
  }else{
    p->pPrior = 0;
    ExplainQueryPlan((pParse, 1, "RECURSIVE STEP"));
    sqlite3Select(pParse, p, &destQueue);
    assert( p->pPrior==0 );
    p->pPrior = pSetup;
  }

  /* Keep running the loop until the Queue is empty */
  sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, addrTop);
................................................................................
** Since the limit is exactly 1, we only need to evalutes the left-most VALUES.
*/
static int multiSelectValues(
  Parse *pParse,        /* Parsing context */
  Select *p,            /* The right-most of SELECTs to be coded */
  SelectDest *pDest     /* What to do with query results */
){


  int nRow = 1;
  int rc = 0;
  int bShowAll = p->pLimit==0;
  assert( p->selFlags & SF_MultiValue );
  do{
    assert( p->selFlags & SF_Values );
    assert( p->op==TK_ALL || (p->op==TK_SELECT && p->pPrior==0) );
    assert( p->pNext==0 || p->pEList->nExpr==p->pNext->pEList->nExpr );
    if( p->pPrior==0 ) break;
    assert( p->pPrior->pNext==p );
    p = p->pPrior;
    nRow += bShowAll;
  }while(1);
  ExplainQueryPlan((pParse, 0, "SCAN %d CONSTANT ROW%s", nRow,
                    nRow==1 ? "" : "S"));
  while( p ){


    selectInnerLoop(pParse, p, -1, 0, 0, pDest, 1, 1);
    if( !bShowAll ) break;

    p->nSelectRow = nRow;
    p = p->pNext;
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
................................................................................
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;   /* Success code from a subroutine */
  Select *pPrior;       /* Another SELECT immediately to our left */
  Vdbe *v;              /* Generate code to this VDBE */
  SelectDest dest;      /* Alternative data destination */
  Select *pDelete = 0;  /* Chain of simple selects to delete */
  sqlite3 *db;          /* Database connection */





  /* Make sure there is no ORDER BY or LIMIT clause on prior SELECTs.  Only
  ** the last (right-most) SELECT in the series may have an ORDER BY or LIMIT.
  */
  assert( p && p->pPrior );  /* Calling function guarantees this much */
  assert( (p->selFlags & SF_Recursive)==0 || p->op==TK_ALL || p->op==TK_UNION );
  db = pParse->db;
................................................................................
  }else
#endif

  /* Compound SELECTs that have an ORDER BY clause are handled separately.
  */
  if( p->pOrderBy ){
    return multiSelectOrderBy(pParse, p, pDest);
  }else{

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
    if( pPrior->pPrior==0 ){
      ExplainQueryPlan((pParse, 1, "COMPOUND QUERY"));
      ExplainQueryPlan((pParse, 1, "LEFT-MOST SUBQUERY"));
    }
#endif

    /* Generate code for the left and right SELECT statements.
    */
    switch( p->op ){
      case TK_ALL: {
        int addr = 0;
        int nLimit;
        assert( !pPrior->pLimit );
        pPrior->iLimit = p->iLimit;
        pPrior->iOffset = p->iOffset;
        pPrior->pLimit = p->pLimit;

        rc = sqlite3Select(pParse, pPrior, &dest);
        p->pLimit = 0;
        if( rc ){
          goto multi_select_end;
        }
        p->pPrior = 0;
        p->iLimit = pPrior->iLimit;
................................................................................
          addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfNot, p->iLimit); VdbeCoverage(v);
          VdbeComment((v, "Jump ahead if LIMIT reached"));
          if( p->iOffset ){
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OffsetLimit,
                              p->iLimit, p->iOffset+1, p->iOffset);
          }
        }
        ExplainQueryPlan((pParse, 1, "UNION ALL"));
        rc = sqlite3Select(pParse, p, &dest);
        testcase( rc!=SQLITE_OK );
        pDelete = p->pPrior;
        p->pPrior = pPrior;
        p->nSelectRow = sqlite3LogEstAdd(p->nSelectRow, pPrior->nSelectRow);
        if( pPrior->pLimit
         && sqlite3ExprIsInteger(pPrior->pLimit->pLeft, &nLimit)
................................................................................
        if( addr ){
          sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);
        }
        break;
      }
      case TK_EXCEPT:
      case TK_UNION: {
        int unionTab;    /* Cursor number of the temp table holding result */
        u8 op = 0;       /* One of the SRT_ operations to apply to self */
        int priorOp;     /* The SRT_ operation to apply to prior selects */
        Expr *pLimit;    /* Saved values of p->nLimit  */
        int addr;
        SelectDest uniondest;
  
        testcase( p->op==TK_EXCEPT );
................................................................................
          assert( p->pEList );
        }
  
        /* Code the SELECT statements to our left
        */
        assert( !pPrior->pOrderBy );
        sqlite3SelectDestInit(&uniondest, priorOp, unionTab);

        rc = sqlite3Select(pParse, pPrior, &uniondest);
        if( rc ){
          goto multi_select_end;
        }
  
        /* Code the current SELECT statement
        */
................................................................................
          assert( p->op==TK_UNION );
          op = SRT_Union;
        }
        p->pPrior = 0;
        pLimit = p->pLimit;
        p->pLimit = 0;
        uniondest.eDest = op;
        ExplainQueryPlan((pParse, 1, "%s USING TEMP B-TREE",
                          selectOpName(p->op)));
        rc = sqlite3Select(pParse, p, &uniondest);
        testcase( rc!=SQLITE_OK );
        /* Query flattening in sqlite3Select() might refill p->pOrderBy.
        ** Be sure to delete p->pOrderBy, therefore, to avoid a memory leak. */
        sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, p->pOrderBy);
        pDelete = p->pPrior;
        p->pPrior = pPrior;
................................................................................
        p->addrOpenEphm[0] = addr;
        findRightmost(p)->selFlags |= SF_UsesEphemeral;
        assert( p->pEList );
  
        /* Code the SELECTs to our left into temporary table "tab1".
        */
        sqlite3SelectDestInit(&intersectdest, SRT_Union, tab1);

        rc = sqlite3Select(pParse, pPrior, &intersectdest);
        if( rc ){
          goto multi_select_end;
        }
  
        /* Code the current SELECT into temporary table "tab2"
        */
................................................................................
        addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_OpenEphemeral, tab2, 0);
        assert( p->addrOpenEphm[1] == -1 );
        p->addrOpenEphm[1] = addr;
        p->pPrior = 0;
        pLimit = p->pLimit;
        p->pLimit = 0;
        intersectdest.iSDParm = tab2;
        ExplainQueryPlan((pParse, 1, "%s USING TEMP B-TREE",
                          selectOpName(p->op)));
        rc = sqlite3Select(pParse, p, &intersectdest);
        testcase( rc!=SQLITE_OK );
        pDelete = p->pPrior;
        p->pPrior = pPrior;
        if( p->nSelectRow>pPrior->nSelectRow ){
          p->nSelectRow = pPrior->nSelectRow;
        }
        sqlite3ExprDelete(db, p->pLimit);
        p->pLimit = pLimit;
  
        /* Generate code to take the intersection of the two temporary
        ** tables.
        */
        assert( p->pEList );
        iBreak = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
        iCont = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
        computeLimitRegisters(pParse, p, iBreak);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, tab1, iBreak); VdbeCoverage(v);
        r1 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
        iStart = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_RowData, tab1, r1);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_NotFound, tab2, iCont, r1, 0);
        VdbeCoverage(v);
        sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r1);
        selectInnerLoop(pParse, p, tab1,
                        0, 0, &dest, iCont, iBreak);
        sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iCont);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, tab1, iStart); VdbeCoverage(v);
        sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iBreak);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, tab2, 0);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, tab1, 0);
        break;
      }
    }
  
  #ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
    if( p->pNext==0 ){
      ExplainQueryPlanPop(pParse);
    }
  #endif
  }
  
  /* Compute collating sequences used by 
  ** temporary tables needed to implement the compound select.
  ** Attach the KeyInfo structure to all temporary tables.
  **
  ** This section is run by the right-most SELECT statement only.
  ** SELECT statements to the left always skip this part.  The right-most
................................................................................
  int op;               /* One of TK_ALL, TK_UNION, TK_EXCEPT, TK_INTERSECT */
  KeyInfo *pKeyDup = 0; /* Comparison information for duplicate removal */
  KeyInfo *pKeyMerge;   /* Comparison information for merging rows */
  sqlite3 *db;          /* Database connection */
  ExprList *pOrderBy;   /* The ORDER BY clause */
  int nOrderBy;         /* Number of terms in the ORDER BY clause */
  int *aPermute;        /* Mapping from ORDER BY terms to result set columns */





  assert( p->pOrderBy!=0 );
  assert( pKeyDup==0 ); /* "Managed" code needs this.  Ticket #3382. */
  db = pParse->db;
  v = pParse->pVdbe;
  assert( v!=0 );       /* Already thrown the error if VDBE alloc failed */
  labelEnd = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
................................................................................
  regAddrA = ++pParse->nMem;
  regAddrB = ++pParse->nMem;
  regOutA = ++pParse->nMem;
  regOutB = ++pParse->nMem;
  sqlite3SelectDestInit(&destA, SRT_Coroutine, regAddrA);
  sqlite3SelectDestInit(&destB, SRT_Coroutine, regAddrB);

  ExplainQueryPlan((pParse, 1, "MERGE (%s)", selectOpName(p->op)));

  /* Generate a coroutine to evaluate the SELECT statement to the
  ** left of the compound operator - the "A" select.
  */
  addrSelectA = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v) + 1;
  addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_InitCoroutine, regAddrA, 0, addrSelectA);
  VdbeComment((v, "left SELECT"));
  pPrior->iLimit = regLimitA;
  ExplainQueryPlan((pParse, 1, "LEFT"));
  sqlite3Select(pParse, pPrior, &destA);
  sqlite3VdbeEndCoroutine(v, regAddrA);
  sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr1);

  /* Generate a coroutine to evaluate the SELECT statement on 
  ** the right - the "B" select
  */
................................................................................
  addrSelectB = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v) + 1;
  addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_InitCoroutine, regAddrB, 0, addrSelectB);
  VdbeComment((v, "right SELECT"));
  savedLimit = p->iLimit;
  savedOffset = p->iOffset;
  p->iLimit = regLimitB;
  p->iOffset = 0;  
  ExplainQueryPlan((pParse, 1, "RIGHT"));
  sqlite3Select(pParse, p, &destB);
  p->iLimit = savedLimit;
  p->iOffset = savedOffset;
  sqlite3VdbeEndCoroutine(v, regAddrB);

  /* Generate a subroutine that outputs the current row of the A
  ** select as the next output row of the compound select.
................................................................................
    sqlite3SelectDelete(db, p->pPrior);
  }
  p->pPrior = pPrior;
  pPrior->pNext = p;

  /*** TBD:  Insert subroutine calls to close cursors on incomplete
  **** subqueries ****/
  ExplainQueryPlanPop(pParse);
  return pParse->nErr!=0;
}
#endif

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW)

/* An instance of the SubstContext object describes an substitution edit
................................................................................
    if( pNew==0 ){
      p->pPrior = pPrior;
    }else{
      pNew->pPrior = pPrior;
      if( pPrior ) pPrior->pNext = pNew;
      pNew->pNext = p;
      p->pPrior = pNew;
      SELECTTRACE(2,pParse,p,("compound-subquery flattener"

                              " creates %s.%p as peer\n",pNew->zSelName, pNew));
    }
    if( db->mallocFailed ) return 1;
  }

  /* Begin flattening the iFrom-th entry of the FROM clause 
  ** in the outer query.
  */
................................................................................
static void explainSimpleCount(
  Parse *pParse,                  /* Parse context */
  Table *pTab,                    /* Table being queried */
  Index *pIdx                     /* Index used to optimize scan, or NULL */
){
  if( pParse->explain==2 ){
    int bCover = (pIdx!=0 && (HasRowid(pTab) || !IsPrimaryKeyIndex(pIdx)));
    sqlite3VdbeExplain(pParse, 0, "SCAN TABLE %s%s%s",
        pTab->zName,
        bCover ? " USING COVERING INDEX " : "",
        bCover ? pIdx->zName : ""
    );



  }
}
#else
# define explainSimpleCount(a,b,c)
#endif

/*
................................................................................
  SortCtx sSort;         /* Info on how to code the ORDER BY clause */
  AggInfo sAggInfo;      /* Information used by aggregate queries */
  int iEnd;              /* Address of the end of the query */
  sqlite3 *db;           /* The database connection */
  ExprList *pMinMaxOrderBy = 0;  /* Added ORDER BY for min/max queries */
  u8 minMaxFlag;                 /* Flag for min/max queries */






  db = pParse->db;
  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( p==0 || db->mallocFailed || pParse->nErr ){
    return 1;
  }
  if( sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_SELECT, 0, 0, 0) ) return 1;
  memset(&sAggInfo, 0, sizeof(sAggInfo));
#if SELECTTRACE_ENABLED
  SELECTTRACE(1,pParse,p, ("begin processing:\n", pParse->addrExplain));
  if( sqlite3SelectTrace & 0x100 ){
    sqlite3TreeViewSelect(0, p, 0);
  }
#endif

  assert( p->pOrderBy==0 || pDest->eDest!=SRT_DistFifo );
  assert( p->pOrderBy==0 || pDest->eDest!=SRT_Fifo );
................................................................................
  pTabList = p->pSrc;
  if( pParse->nErr || db->mallocFailed ){
    goto select_end;
  }
  assert( p->pEList!=0 );
  isAgg = (p->selFlags & SF_Aggregate)!=0;
#if SELECTTRACE_ENABLED
  if( sqlite3SelectTrace & 0x104 ){
    SELECTTRACE(0x104,pParse,p, ("after name resolution:\n"));
    sqlite3TreeViewSelect(0, p, 0);
  }
#endif





  if( pDest->eDest==SRT_Output ){
    generateColumnNames(pParse, p);
  }

  /* Try to various optimizations (flattening subqueries, and strength
  ** reduction of join operators) in the FROM clause up into the main query
  */
................................................................................

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT
  /* Handle compound SELECT statements using the separate multiSelect()
  ** procedure.
  */
  if( p->pPrior ){
    rc = multiSelect(pParse, p, pDest);

#if SELECTTRACE_ENABLED
    SELECTTRACE(0x1,pParse,p,("end compound-select processing\n"));
    if( (sqlite3SelectTrace & 0x2000)!=0 && ExplainQueryPlanParent(pParse)==0 ){
      sqlite3TreeViewSelect(0, p, 0);
    }
#endif
    if( p->pNext==0 ) ExplainQueryPlanPop(pParse);
    return rc;
  }
#endif

  /* For each term in the FROM clause, do two things:
  ** (1) Authorized unreferenced tables
  ** (2) Generate code for all sub-queries
................................................................................
      int addrTop = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)+1;
     
      pItem->regReturn = ++pParse->nMem;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_InitCoroutine, pItem->regReturn, 0, addrTop);
      VdbeComment((v, "%s", pItem->pTab->zName));
      pItem->addrFillSub = addrTop;
      sqlite3SelectDestInit(&dest, SRT_Coroutine, pItem->regReturn);
      ExplainQueryPlan((pParse, 1, "CO-ROUTINE 0x%p", pSub));
      sqlite3Select(pParse, pSub, &dest);
      pItem->pTab->nRowLogEst = pSub->nSelectRow;
      pItem->fg.viaCoroutine = 1;
      pItem->regResult = dest.iSdst;
      sqlite3VdbeEndCoroutine(v, pItem->regReturn);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrTop-1);
      sqlite3ClearTempRegCache(pParse);
................................................................................
        VdbeComment((v, "materialize \"%s\"", pItem->pTab->zName));
      }else{
        VdbeNoopComment((v, "materialize \"%s\"", pItem->pTab->zName));
      }
      pPrior = isSelfJoinView(pTabList, pItem);
      if( pPrior ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_OpenDup, pItem->iCursor, pPrior->iCursor);

        assert( pPrior->pSelect!=0 );
        pSub->nSelectRow = pPrior->pSelect->nSelectRow;
      }else{
        sqlite3SelectDestInit(&dest, SRT_EphemTab, pItem->iCursor);
        ExplainQueryPlan((pParse, 1, "MATERIALIZE 0x%p", pSub));
        sqlite3Select(pParse, pSub, &dest);
      }
      pItem->pTab->nRowLogEst = pSub->nSelectRow;
      if( onceAddr ) sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, onceAddr);
      retAddr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Return, pItem->regReturn);
      VdbeComment((v, "end %s", pItem->pTab->zName));
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, topAddr, retAddr);
................................................................................
    /* Convert TK_COLUMN nodes into TK_AGG_COLUMN and make entries in
    ** sAggInfo for all TK_AGG_FUNCTION nodes in expressions of the
    ** SELECT statement.
    */
    memset(&sNC, 0, sizeof(sNC));
    sNC.pParse = pParse;
    sNC.pSrcList = pTabList;
    sNC.uNC.pAggInfo = &sAggInfo;
    VVA_ONLY( sNC.ncFlags = NC_UAggInfo; )
    sAggInfo.mnReg = pParse->nMem+1;
    sAggInfo.nSortingColumn = pGroupBy ? pGroupBy->nExpr : 0;
    sAggInfo.pGroupBy = pGroupBy;
    sqlite3ExprAnalyzeAggList(&sNC, pEList);
    sqlite3ExprAnalyzeAggList(&sNC, sSort.pOrderBy);
    if( pHaving ){
      if( pGroupBy ){
................................................................................

  /* If there is an ORDER BY clause, then we need to sort the results
  ** and send them to the callback one by one.
  */
  if( sSort.pOrderBy ){
    explainTempTable(pParse,
                     sSort.nOBSat>0 ? "RIGHT PART OF ORDER BY":"ORDER BY");
    assert( p->pEList==pEList );
    generateSortTail(pParse, p, &sSort, pEList->nExpr, pDest);
  }

  /* Jump here to skip this query
  */
  sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iEnd);

................................................................................
  ** set the return code to 1. Otherwise 0. */
  rc = (pParse->nErr>0);

  /* Control jumps to here if an error is encountered above, or upon
  ** successful coding of the SELECT.
  */
select_end:

  sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, pMinMaxOrderBy);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, sAggInfo.aCol);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, sAggInfo.aFunc);
#if SELECTTRACE_ENABLED
  SELECTTRACE(0x1,pParse,p,("end processing\n"));
  if( (sqlite3SelectTrace & 0x2000)!=0 && ExplainQueryPlanParent(pParse)==0 ){
    sqlite3TreeViewSelect(0, p, 0);
  }
#endif
  ExplainQueryPlanPop(pParse);
  return rc;
}

Changes to src/shell.c.in.

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8175

8176
8177
8178
8179
8180
8181
8182
....
8193
8194
8195
8196
8197
8198
8199
8200
8201
8202
8203
8204
8205
8206
8207
8208
8209
8210
8211
8212
8213
8214
8215
8216
8217
8218
8219
8220
8221
8222
8223
....
8245
8246
8247
8248
8249
8250
8251

8252
8253
8254
8255
8256
8257
8258
8259
8260
8261
8262
8263
8264
8265
8266
8267
8268
8269
8270
8271
8272
8273
8274
....
8327
8328
8329
8330
8331
8332
8333

8334
8335
8336
8337
8338
8339
8340
8341
8342
8343
8344
8345
8346
8347
8348
....
8351
8352
8353
8354
8355
8356
8357




























8358
8359
8360
8361
8362
8363
8364
....
8463
8464
8465
8466
8467
8468
8469




8470
8471
8472
8473
8474
8475
8476
/*
** Render output like fprintf().  This should not be used on anything that
** includes string formatting (e.g. "%s").
*/
#if !defined(raw_printf)
# define raw_printf fprintf
#endif







/*
** Write I/O traces to the following stream.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_IOTRACE
static FILE *iotrace = 0;
#endif
................................................................................
** because it contains non-alphanumeric characters, or because it is an
** SQLite keyword.  Be conservative in this estimate:  When in doubt assume
** that quoting is required.
**
** Return '"' if quoting is required.  Return 0 if no quoting is required.
*/
static char quoteChar(const char *zName){
  /* All SQLite keywords, in alphabetical order */
  static const char *azKeywords[] = {
    "ABORT", "ACTION", "ADD", "AFTER", "ALL", "ALTER", "ANALYZE", "AND", "AS",
    "ASC", "ATTACH", "AUTOINCREMENT", "BEFORE", "BEGIN", "BETWEEN", "BY",
    "CASCADE", "CASE", "CAST", "CHECK", "COLLATE", "COLUMN", "COMMIT",
    "CONFLICT", "CONSTRAINT", "CREATE", "CROSS", "CURRENT_DATE",
    "CURRENT_TIME", "CURRENT_TIMESTAMP", "DATABASE", "DEFAULT", "DEFERRABLE",
    "DEFERRED", "DELETE", "DESC", "DETACH", "DISTINCT", "DROP", "EACH",
    "ELSE", "END", "ESCAPE", "EXCEPT", "EXCLUSIVE", "EXISTS", "EXPLAIN",
    "FAIL", "FOR", "FOREIGN", "FROM", "FULL", "GLOB", "GROUP", "HAVING", "IF",
    "IGNORE", "IMMEDIATE", "IN", "INDEX", "INDEXED", "INITIALLY", "INNER",
    "INSERT", "INSTEAD", "INTERSECT", "INTO", "IS", "ISNULL", "JOIN", "KEY",
    "LEFT", "LIKE", "LIMIT", "MATCH", "NATURAL", "NO", "NOT", "NOTNULL",
    "NULL", "OF", "OFFSET", "ON", "OR", "ORDER", "OUTER", "PLAN", "PRAGMA",
    "PRIMARY", "QUERY", "RAISE", "RECURSIVE", "REFERENCES", "REGEXP",
    "REINDEX", "RELEASE", "RENAME", "REPLACE", "RESTRICT", "RIGHT",
    "ROLLBACK", "ROW", "SAVEPOINT", "SELECT", "SET", "TABLE", "TEMP",
    "TEMPORARY", "THEN", "TO", "TRANSACTION", "TRIGGER", "UNION", "UNIQUE",
    "UPDATE", "USING", "VACUUM", "VALUES", "VIEW", "VIRTUAL", "WHEN", "WHERE",
    "WITH", "WITHOUT",
  };
  int i, lwr, upr, mid, c;
  if( !isalpha((unsigned char)zName[0]) && zName[0]!='_' ) return '"';
  for(i=0; zName[i]; i++){
    if( !isalnum((unsigned char)zName[i]) && zName[i]!='_' ) return '"';
  }
  lwr = 0;
  upr = sizeof(azKeywords)/sizeof(azKeywords[0]) - 1;
  while( lwr<=upr ){
    mid = (lwr+upr)/2;
    c = sqlite3_stricmp(azKeywords[mid], zName);
    if( c==0 ) return '"';
    if( c<0 ){
      lwr = mid+1;
    }else{
      upr = mid-1;
    }
  }
  return 0;

}

/*
** Construct a fake object name and column list to describe the structure
** of the view, virtual table, or table valued function zSchema.zName.
*/
static char *shellFakeSchema(
................................................................................

typedef struct ExpertInfo ExpertInfo;
struct ExpertInfo {
  sqlite3expert *pExpert;
  int bVerbose;
};


















/*
** State information about the database connection is contained in an
** instance of the following structure.
*/
typedef struct ShellState ShellState;
struct ShellState {
  sqlite3 *db;           /* The database */
  u8 autoExplain;        /* Automatically turn on .explain mode */
  u8 autoEQP;            /* Run EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN prior to seach SQL stmt */

  u8 statsOn;            /* True to display memory stats before each finalize */
  u8 scanstatsOn;        /* True to display scan stats before each finalize */
  u8 openMode;           /* SHELL_OPEN_NORMAL, _APPENDVFS, or _ZIPFILE */
  u8 doXdgOpen;          /* Invoke start/open/xdg-open in output_reset() */


  int outCount;          /* Revert to stdout when reaching zero */
  int cnt;               /* Number of records displayed so far */
  FILE *out;             /* Write results here */
  FILE *traceOut;        /* Output for sqlite3_trace() */
  int nErr;              /* Number of errors seen */
  int mode;              /* An output mode setting */
  int modePrior;         /* Saved mode */
................................................................................
  char *zFreeOnClose;         /* Filename to free when closing */
  const char *zVfs;           /* Name of VFS to use */
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt;   /* Current statement if any. */
  FILE *pLog;            /* Write log output here */
  int *aiIndent;         /* Array of indents used in MODE_Explain */
  int nIndent;           /* Size of array aiIndent[] */
  int iIndent;           /* Index of current op in aiIndent[] */

#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_SESSION)
  int nSession;             /* Number of active sessions */
  OpenSession aSession[4];  /* Array of sessions.  [0] is in focus. */
#endif
  ExpertInfo expert;        /* Valid if previous command was ".expert OPT..." */
};


/* Allowed values for ShellState.autoEQP
*/
#define AUTOEQP_off      0
#define AUTOEQP_on       1
#define AUTOEQP_trigger  2
#define AUTOEQP_full     3

/* Allowed values for ShellState.openMode
*/
#define SHELL_OPEN_UNSPEC     0      /* No open-mode specified */
#define SHELL_OPEN_NORMAL     1      /* Normal database file */
#define SHELL_OPEN_APPENDVFS  2      /* Use appendvfs */
#define SHELL_OPEN_ZIPFILE    3      /* Use the zipfile virtual table */
................................................................................
#define MODE_Insert   5  /* Generate SQL "insert" statements */
#define MODE_Quote    6  /* Quote values as for SQL */
#define MODE_Tcl      7  /* Generate ANSI-C or TCL quoted elements */
#define MODE_Csv      8  /* Quote strings, numbers are plain */
#define MODE_Explain  9  /* Like MODE_Column, but do not truncate data */
#define MODE_Ascii   10  /* Use ASCII unit and record separators (0x1F/0x1E) */
#define MODE_Pretty  11  /* Pretty-print schemas */


static const char *modeDescr[] = {
  "line",
  "column",
  "list",
  "semi",
  "html",
................................................................................
  "insert",
  "quote",
  "tcl",
  "csv",
  "explain",
  "ascii",
  "prettyprint",

};

/*
** These are the column/row/line separators used by the various
** import/export modes.
*/
#define SEP_Column    "|"
................................................................................
    if( IsSpace(z[i]) ) continue;
    if( z[i]=='-' && z[i+1]=='-' ) return 1;
    return 0;
  }
  return 1;
}
    























































































/*
** This is the callback routine that the shell
** invokes for each row of a query result.
*/
static int shell_callback(
  void *pArg,
................................................................................
      for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
        if( i>0 ) utf8_printf(p->out, "%s", p->colSeparator);
        utf8_printf(p->out,"%s",azArg[i] ? azArg[i] : p->nullValue);
      }
      utf8_printf(p->out, "%s", p->rowSeparator);
      break;
    }




  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** This is the callback routine that the SQLite library
** invokes for each row of a query result.
................................................................................
    p->zDestTable = 0;
  }
  if( zName==0 ) return;
  cQuote = quoteChar(zName);
  n = strlen30(zName);
  if( cQuote ) n += n+2;
  z = p->zDestTable = malloc( n+1 );
  if( z==0 ){
    raw_printf(stderr,"Error: out of memory\n");
    exit(1);
  }
  n = 0;
  if( cQuote ) z[n++] = cQuote;
  for(i=0; zName[i]; i++){
    z[n++] = zName[i];
    if( zName[i]==cQuote ) z[n++] = cQuote;
  }
  if( cQuote ) z[n++] = cQuote;
................................................................................
        if( pArg->autoEQP>=AUTOEQP_trigger ){
          sqlite3_db_config(db, SQLITE_DBCONFIG_TRIGGER_EQP, 1, 0);
        }
        zEQP = sqlite3_mprintf("EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN %s", zStmtSql);
        rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(db, zEQP, -1, &pExplain, 0);
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          while( sqlite3_step(pExplain)==SQLITE_ROW ){
            raw_printf(pArg->out,"--EQP-- %d,",sqlite3_column_int(pExplain, 0));
            raw_printf(pArg->out,"%d,", sqlite3_column_int(pExplain, 1));
            raw_printf(pArg->out,"%d,", sqlite3_column_int(pExplain, 2));
            utf8_printf(pArg->out,"%s\n", sqlite3_column_text(pExplain, 3));

          }

        }
        sqlite3_finalize(pExplain);
        sqlite3_free(zEQP);
        if( pArg->autoEQP>=AUTOEQP_full ){
          /* Also do an EXPLAIN for ".eqp full" mode */
          zEQP = sqlite3_mprintf("EXPLAIN %s", zStmtSql);
          rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(db, zEQP, -1, &pExplain, 0);
................................................................................
          sqlite3_prepare_v2(db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
        }
        restore_debug_trace_modes();
      }

      if( pArg ){
        pArg->cMode = pArg->mode;
        if( pArg->autoExplain
         && sqlite3_column_count(pStmt)==8
         && sqlite3_strlike("EXPLAIN%", zStmtSql,0)==0
        ){
          pArg->cMode = MODE_Explain;





        }

        /* If the shell is currently in ".explain" mode, gather the extra
        ** data required to add indents to the output.*/
        if( pArg->cMode==MODE_Explain ){
          explain_data_prepare(pArg, pStmt);
        }
      }

      exec_prepared_stmt(pArg, pStmt);
      explain_data_delete(pArg);


      /* print usage stats if stats on */
      if( pArg && pArg->statsOn ){
        display_stats(db, pArg, 0);
      }

      /* print loop-counters if required */
................................................................................
  rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(p->db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
  sqlite3_free(zSql);
  if( rc ) return 0;
  while( sqlite3_step(pStmt)==SQLITE_ROW ){
    if( nCol>=nAlloc-2 ){
      nAlloc = nAlloc*2 + nCol + 10;
      azCol = sqlite3_realloc(azCol, nAlloc*sizeof(azCol[0]));
      if( azCol==0 ){
        raw_printf(stderr, "Error: out of memory\n");
        exit(1);
      }
    }
    azCol[++nCol] = sqlite3_mprintf("%s", sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, 1));
    if( sqlite3_column_int(pStmt, 5) ){
      nPK++;
      if( nPK==1
       && sqlite3_stricmp((const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt,2),
                          "INTEGER")==0
................................................................................
  ".bail on|off           Stop after hitting an error.  Default OFF\n"
  ".binary on|off         Turn binary output on or off.  Default OFF\n"
  ".cd DIRECTORY          Change the working directory to DIRECTORY\n"
  ".changes on|off        Show number of rows changed by SQL\n"
  ".check GLOB            Fail if output since .testcase does not match\n"
  ".clone NEWDB           Clone data into NEWDB from the existing database\n"
  ".databases             List names and files of attached databases\n"

  ".dbinfo ?DB?           Show status information about the database\n"
  ".dump ?TABLE? ...      Dump the database in an SQL text format\n"
  "                         If TABLE specified, only dump tables matching\n"
  "                         LIKE pattern TABLE.\n"
  ".echo on|off           Turn command echo on or off\n"
  ".eqp on|off|full       Enable or disable automatic EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN\n"
  ".excel                 Display the output of next command in a spreadsheet\n"
................................................................................

/*
** Make sure the database is open.  If it is not, then open it.  If
** the database fails to open, print an error message and exit.
*/
static void open_db(ShellState *p, int keepAlive){
  if( p->db==0 ){
    sqlite3_initialize();
    if( p->openMode==SHELL_OPEN_UNSPEC && access(p->zDbFilename,0)==0 ){
      p->openMode = (u8)deduceDatabaseType(p->zDbFilename, 0);
    }
    switch( p->openMode ){
      case SHELL_OPEN_APPENDVFS: {
        sqlite3_open_v2(p->zDbFilename, &p->db, 
           SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE|SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE, "apndvfs");
................................................................................
};

/* Append a single byte to z[] */
static void import_append_char(ImportCtx *p, int c){
  if( p->n+1>=p->nAlloc ){
    p->nAlloc += p->nAlloc + 100;
    p->z = sqlite3_realloc64(p->z, p->nAlloc);
    if( p->z==0 ){
      raw_printf(stderr, "out of memory\n");
      exit(1);
    }
  }
  p->z[p->n++] = (char)c;
}

/* Read a single field of CSV text.  Compatible with rfc4180 and extended
** with the option of having a separator other than ",".
**
................................................................................
    utf8_printf(stderr, "Error %d: %s on [%s]\n",
            sqlite3_extended_errcode(p->db), sqlite3_errmsg(p->db),
            zQuery);
    goto end_data_xfer;
  }
  n = sqlite3_column_count(pQuery);
  zInsert = sqlite3_malloc64(200 + nTable + n*3);
  if( zInsert==0 ){
    raw_printf(stderr, "out of memory\n");
    goto end_data_xfer;
  }
  sqlite3_snprintf(200+nTable,zInsert,
                   "INSERT OR IGNORE INTO \"%s\" VALUES(?", zTable);
  i = strlen30(zInsert);
  for(j=1; j<n; j++){
    memcpy(zInsert+i, ",?", 2);
    i += 2;
  }
................................................................................
*/
static int shellDatabaseError(sqlite3 *db){
  const char *zErr = sqlite3_errmsg(db);
  utf8_printf(stderr, "Error: %s\n", zErr);
  return 1;
}

/*
** Print an out-of-memory message to stderr and return 1.
*/
static int shellNomemError(void){
  raw_printf(stderr, "Error: out of memory\n");
  return 1;
}

/*
** Compare the pattern in zGlob[] against the text in z[].  Return TRUE
** if they match and FALSE (0) if they do not match.
**
** Globbing rules:
**
**      '*'       Matches any sequence of zero or more characters.
................................................................................
    if( zErrMsg ){
      utf8_printf(stderr,"Error: %s\n", zErrMsg);
      sqlite3_free(zErrMsg);
      rc = 1;
    }
  }else





























  if( c=='d' && strncmp(azArg[0], "dbinfo", n)==0 ){
    rc = shell_dbinfo_command(p, nArg, azArg);
  }else

  if( c=='d' && strncmp(azArg[0], "dump", n)==0 ){
    const char *zLike = 0;
    int i;
    int savedShowHeader = p->showHeader;
................................................................................
      raw_printf(stderr, "Usage: .echo on|off\n");
      rc = 1;
    }
  }else

  if( c=='e' && strncmp(azArg[0], "eqp", n)==0 ){
    if( nArg==2 ){

      if( strcmp(azArg[1],"full")==0 ){
        p->autoEQP = AUTOEQP_full;
      }else if( strcmp(azArg[1],"trigger")==0 ){
        p->autoEQP = AUTOEQP_trigger;



      }else{
        p->autoEQP = (u8)booleanValue(azArg[1]);
      }
    }else{
      raw_printf(stderr, "Usage: .eqp off|on|trigger|full\n");
      rc = 1;
    }
................................................................................
      utf8_printf(stderr, "Error: cannot open \"%s\"\n", zFile);
      return 1;
    }
    sCtx.cColSep = p->colSeparator[0];
    sCtx.cRowSep = p->rowSeparator[0];
    zSql = sqlite3_mprintf("SELECT * FROM %s", zTable);
    if( zSql==0 ){
      raw_printf(stderr, "Error: out of memory\n");
      xCloser(sCtx.in);
      return 1;

    }
    nByte = strlen30(zSql);
    rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(p->db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
    import_append_char(&sCtx, 0);    /* To ensure sCtx.z is allocated */
    if( rc && sqlite3_strglob("no such table: *", sqlite3_errmsg(p->db))==0 ){
      char *zCreate = sqlite3_mprintf("CREATE TABLE %s", zTable);
      char cSep = '(';
................................................................................
    }
    nCol = sqlite3_column_count(pStmt);
    sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
    pStmt = 0;
    if( nCol==0 ) return 0; /* no columns, no error */
    zSql = sqlite3_malloc64( nByte*2 + 20 + nCol*2 );
    if( zSql==0 ){
      raw_printf(stderr, "Error: out of memory\n");
      xCloser(sCtx.in);
      return 1;

    }
    sqlite3_snprintf(nByte+20, zSql, "INSERT INTO \"%w\" VALUES(?", zTable);
    j = strlen30(zSql);
    for(i=1; i<nCol; i++){
      zSql[j++] = ',';
      zSql[j++] = '?';
    }
................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_UNTESTABLE
  if( c=='i' && strncmp(azArg[0], "imposter", n)==0 ){
    char *zSql;
    char *zCollist = 0;
    sqlite3_stmt *pStmt;
    int tnum = 0;
    int i;
    if( nArg!=3 ){
      utf8_printf(stderr, "Usage: .imposter INDEX IMPOSTER\n");

      rc = 1;
      goto meta_command_exit;
    }
    open_db(p, 0);




    zSql = sqlite3_mprintf("SELECT rootpage FROM sqlite_master"
                           " WHERE name='%q' AND type='index'", azArg[1]);
    sqlite3_prepare_v2(p->db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
    sqlite3_free(zSql);
    if( sqlite3_step(pStmt)==SQLITE_ROW ){
      tnum = sqlite3_column_int(pStmt, 0);
    }
................................................................................
      sqlite3_bind_text(pStmt, 1, "%", -1, SQLITE_STATIC);
    }
    while( sqlite3_step(pStmt)==SQLITE_ROW ){
      if( nRow>=nAlloc ){
        char **azNew;
        int n2 = nAlloc*2 + 10;
        azNew = sqlite3_realloc64(azResult, sizeof(azResult[0])*n2);
        if( azNew==0 ){
          rc = shellNomemError();
          break;
        }
        nAlloc = n2;
        azResult = azNew;
      }
      azResult[nRow] = sqlite3_mprintf("%s", sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, 0));
      if( 0==azResult[nRow] ){
        rc = shellNomemError();
        break;
      }
      nRow++;
    }
    if( sqlite3_finalize(pStmt)!=SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = shellDatabaseError(p->db);
    }

    /* Pretty-print the contents of array azResult[] to the output */
................................................................................
      { "always",             SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ALWAYS,        "BOOLEAN"            },
      { "assert",             SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ASSERT,        "BOOLEAN"            },
    /*{ "benign_malloc_hooks",SQLITE_TESTCTRL_BENIGN_MALLOC_HOOKS, ""          },*/
    /*{ "bitvec_test",        SQLITE_TESTCTRL_BITVEC_TEST,   ""                },*/
      { "byteorder",          SQLITE_TESTCTRL_BYTEORDER,     ""                   },
    /*{ "fault_install",      SQLITE_TESTCTRL_FAULT_INSTALL, ""                }, */
      { "imposter",           SQLITE_TESTCTRL_IMPOSTER,   "SCHEMA ON/OFF ROOTPAGE"},
#ifdef SQLITE_N_KEYWORD
      { "iskeyword",          SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ISKEYWORD,     "IDENTIFIER"         },
#endif
      { "localtime_fault",    SQLITE_TESTCTRL_LOCALTIME_FAULT,"BOOLEAN"           },
      { "never_corrupt",      SQLITE_TESTCTRL_NEVER_CORRUPT, "BOOLEAN"            },
      { "optimizations",      SQLITE_TESTCTRL_OPTIMIZATIONS, "DISABLE-MASK"       },
#ifdef YYCOVERAGE
      { "parser_coverage",    SQLITE_TESTCTRL_PARSER_COVERAGE, ""                 },
#endif
      { "pending_byte",       SQLITE_TESTCTRL_PENDING_BYTE,  "OFFSET  "           },
................................................................................
          if( nArg==3 ){
            int opt = booleanValue(azArg[2]);
            rc2 = sqlite3_test_control(testctrl, opt);
            isOk = 3;
          }
          break;

        /* sqlite3_test_control(int, char *) */
#ifdef SQLITE_N_KEYWORD
        case SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ISKEYWORD:
          if( nArg==3 ){
            const char *opt = azArg[2];
            rc2 = sqlite3_test_control(testctrl, opt);
            isOk = 1;
          }
          break;
#endif

        case SQLITE_TESTCTRL_IMPOSTER:
          if( nArg==5 ){
            rc2 = sqlite3_test_control(testctrl, p->db,
                          azArg[2],
                          integerValue(azArg[3]),
                          integerValue(azArg[4]));
            isOk = 3;
................................................................................
    if( line_is_command_terminator(zLine) && line_is_complete(zSql, nSql) ){
      memcpy(zLine,";",2);
    }
    nLine = strlen30(zLine);
    if( nSql+nLine+2>=nAlloc ){
      nAlloc = nSql+nLine+100;
      zSql = realloc(zSql, nAlloc);
      if( zSql==0 ){
        raw_printf(stderr, "Error: out of memory\n");
        exit(1);
      }
    }
    nSqlPrior = nSql;
    if( nSql==0 ){
      int i;
      for(i=0; zLine[i] && IsSpace(zLine[i]); i++){}
      assert( nAlloc>0 && zSql!=0 );
      memcpy(zSql, zLine+i, nLine+1-i);
................................................................................
  if (sqliterc == NULL) {
    home_dir = find_home_dir(0);
    if( home_dir==0 ){
      raw_printf(stderr, "-- warning: cannot find home directory;"
                      " cannot read ~/.sqliterc\n");
      return;
    }
    sqlite3_initialize();
    zBuf = sqlite3_mprintf("%s/.sqliterc",home_dir);
    sqliterc = zBuf;
  }
  in = fopen(sqliterc,"rb");
  if( in ){
    if( stdin_is_interactive ){
      utf8_printf(stderr,"-- Loading resources from %s\n",sqliterc);
................................................................................
#endif
  "   -newline SEP         set output row separator. Default: '\\n'\n"
  "   -nullvalue TEXT      set text string for NULL values. Default ''\n"
  "   -pagecache SIZE N    use N slots of SZ bytes each for page cache memory\n"
  "   -quote               set output mode to 'quote'\n"
  "   -readonly            open the database read-only\n"
  "   -separator SEP       set output column separator. Default: '|'\n"



  "   -stats               print memory stats before each finalize\n"
  "   -version             show SQLite version\n"
  "   -vfs NAME            use NAME as the default VFS\n"
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_VFSTRACE
  "   -vfstrace            enable tracing of all VFS calls\n"
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_HAVE_ZLIB
................................................................................
  if( showDetail ){
    utf8_printf(stderr, "OPTIONS include:\n%s", zOptions);
  }else{
    raw_printf(stderr, "Use the -help option for additional information\n");
  }
  exit(1);
}












/*
** Initialize the state information in data
*/
static void main_init(ShellState *data) {
  memset(data, 0, sizeof(*data));
  data->normalMode = data->cMode = data->mode = MODE_List;
  data->autoExplain = 1;
  memcpy(data->colSeparator,SEP_Column, 2);
  memcpy(data->rowSeparator,SEP_Row, 2);
  data->showHeader = 0;
  data->shellFlgs = SHFLG_Lookaside;

  sqlite3_config(SQLITE_CONFIG_URI, 1);
  sqlite3_config(SQLITE_CONFIG_LOG, shellLog, data);
  sqlite3_config(SQLITE_CONFIG_MULTITHREAD);
  sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(mainPrompt), mainPrompt,"sqlite> ");
  sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(continuePrompt), continuePrompt,"   ...> ");
}

................................................................................
  const char *zInitFile = 0;
  int i;
  int rc = 0;
  int warnInmemoryDb = 0;
  int readStdin = 1;
  int nCmd = 0;
  char **azCmd = 0;


  setBinaryMode(stdin, 0);
  setvbuf(stderr, 0, _IONBF, 0); /* Make sure stderr is unbuffered */
  stdin_is_interactive = isatty(0);
  stdout_is_console = isatty(1);

#if USE_SYSTEM_SQLITE+0!=1
................................................................................
  ** do this.  But we want to run an sqlite3_shutdown() afterwards so that
  ** subsequent sqlite3_config() calls will work.  So copy all results into
  ** memory that does not come from the SQLite memory allocator.
  */
#if !SQLITE_SHELL_IS_UTF8
  sqlite3_initialize();
  argv = malloc(sizeof(argv[0])*argc);
  if( argv==0 ){
    raw_printf(stderr, "out of memory\n");
    exit(1);
  }
  for(i=0; i<argc; i++){
    char *z = sqlite3_win32_unicode_to_utf8(wargv[i]);
    int n;
    if( z==0 ){
      raw_printf(stderr, "out of memory\n");
      exit(1);
    }
    n = (int)strlen(z);
    argv[i] = malloc( n+1 );
    if( argv[i]==0 ){
      raw_printf(stderr, "out of memory\n");
      exit(1);
    }
    memcpy(argv[i], z, n+1);
    sqlite3_free(z);
  }
  sqlite3_shutdown();
#endif

  assert( argc>=1 && argv && argv[0] );
................................................................................
#endif

  /* Do an initial pass through the command-line argument to locate
  ** the name of the database file, the name of the initialization file,
  ** the size of the alternative malloc heap,
  ** and the first command to execute.
  */

  for(i=1; i<argc; i++){
    char *z;
    z = argv[i];
    if( z[0]!='-' ){
      if( data.zDbFilename==0 ){
        data.zDbFilename = z;
      }else{
        /* Excesss arguments are interpreted as SQL (or dot-commands) and
        ** mean that nothing is read from stdin */
        readStdin = 0;
        nCmd++;
        azCmd = realloc(azCmd, sizeof(azCmd[0])*nCmd);
        if( azCmd==0 ){
          raw_printf(stderr, "out of memory\n");
          exit(1);
        }
        azCmd[nCmd-1] = z;
      }
    }
    if( z[1]=='-' ) z++;
    if( strcmp(z,"-separator")==0
     || strcmp(z,"-nullvalue")==0
     || strcmp(z,"-newline")==0
................................................................................
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-multiplex")==0 ){
      extern int sqlite3_multiple_initialize(const char*,int);
      sqlite3_multiplex_initialize(0, 1);
#endif
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-mmap")==0 ){
      sqlite3_int64 sz = integerValue(cmdline_option_value(argc,argv,++i));
      sqlite3_config(SQLITE_CONFIG_MMAP_SIZE, sz, sz);

    }else if( strcmp(z,"-vfs")==0 ){
      sqlite3_vfs *pVfs = sqlite3_vfs_find(cmdline_option_value(argc,argv,++i));
      if( pVfs ){
        sqlite3_vfs_register(pVfs, 1);
      }else{
        utf8_printf(stderr, "no such VFS: \"%s\"\n", argv[i]);
        exit(1);
      }
#ifdef SQLITE_HAVE_ZLIB
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-zip")==0 ){
      data.openMode = SHELL_OPEN_ZIPFILE;
#endif
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-append")==0 ){
      data.openMode = SHELL_OPEN_APPENDVFS;
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-readonly")==0 ){
................................................................................
    }else if( strncmp(z, "-A",2)==0 ){
      /* All remaining command-line arguments are passed to the ".archive"
      ** command, so ignore them */
      break;
#endif
    }
  }




























  if( data.zDbFilename==0 ){
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_MEMORYDB
    data.zDbFilename = ":memory:";
    warnInmemoryDb = argc==1;
#else
    utf8_printf(stderr,"%s: Error: no database filename specified\n", Argv0);
    return 1;
................................................................................
      i++;
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-pagecache")==0 ){
      i+=2;
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-lookaside")==0 ){
      i+=2;
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-mmap")==0 ){
      i++;




    }else if( strcmp(z,"-vfs")==0 ){
      i++;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_VFSTRACE
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-vfstrace")==0 ){
      i++;
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_MULTIPLEX







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431
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778
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782
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784
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....
1097
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1111
....
1112
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1120
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1122
1123
1124
1125
1126
....
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....
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2110
2111
2112
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2114
2115
....
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2201
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2207



2208
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....
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....
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....
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....
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....
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....
8294
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8299
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8301



8302
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8305



8306
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8309
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8315
....
8337
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8357



8358
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8364
....
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8420
8421
8422
8423
8424
8425
8426

8427
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8430

8431
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8435
8436
8437
....
8440
8441
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8471
8472
8473
8474
8475
8476
8477
8478
8479
8480
8481
....
8580
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8592
8593
8594
8595
8596
8597
/*
** Render output like fprintf().  This should not be used on anything that
** includes string formatting (e.g. "%s").
*/
#if !defined(raw_printf)
# define raw_printf fprintf
#endif

/* Indicate out-of-memory and exit. */
static void shell_out_of_memory(void){
  raw_printf(stderr,"Error: out of memory\n");
  exit(1);
}

/*
** Write I/O traces to the following stream.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_IOTRACE
static FILE *iotrace = 0;
#endif
................................................................................
** because it contains non-alphanumeric characters, or because it is an
** SQLite keyword.  Be conservative in this estimate:  When in doubt assume
** that quoting is required.
**
** Return '"' if quoting is required.  Return 0 if no quoting is required.
*/
static char quoteChar(const char *zName){
  int i;





















  if( !isalpha((unsigned char)zName[0]) && zName[0]!='_' ) return '"';
  for(i=0; zName[i]; i++){
    if( !isalnum((unsigned char)zName[i]) && zName[i]!='_' ) return '"';
  }













  return sqlite3_keyword_check(zName, i) ? '"' : 0;
}

/*
** Construct a fake object name and column list to describe the structure
** of the view, virtual table, or table valued function zSchema.zName.
*/
static char *shellFakeSchema(
................................................................................

typedef struct ExpertInfo ExpertInfo;
struct ExpertInfo {
  sqlite3expert *pExpert;
  int bVerbose;
};

/* A single line in the EQP output */
typedef struct EQPGraphRow EQPGraphRow;
struct EQPGraphRow {
  int iEqpId;           /* ID for this row */
  int iParentId;        /* ID of the parent row */
  EQPGraphRow *pNext;   /* Next row in sequence */
  char zText[1];        /* Text to display for this row */
};

/* All EQP output is collected into an instance of the following */
typedef struct EQPGraph EQPGraph;
struct EQPGraph {
  EQPGraphRow *pRow;    /* Linked list of all rows of the EQP output */
  EQPGraphRow *pLast;   /* Last element of the pRow list */
  char zPrefix[100];    /* Graph prefix */
};

/*
** State information about the database connection is contained in an
** instance of the following structure.
*/
typedef struct ShellState ShellState;
struct ShellState {
  sqlite3 *db;           /* The database */
  u8 autoExplain;        /* Automatically turn on .explain mode */
  u8 autoEQP;            /* Run EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN prior to seach SQL stmt */
  u8 autoEQPtest;        /* autoEQP is in test mode */
  u8 statsOn;            /* True to display memory stats before each finalize */
  u8 scanstatsOn;        /* True to display scan stats before each finalize */
  u8 openMode;           /* SHELL_OPEN_NORMAL, _APPENDVFS, or _ZIPFILE */
  u8 doXdgOpen;          /* Invoke start/open/xdg-open in output_reset() */
  u8 nEqpLevel;          /* Depth of the EQP output graph */
  unsigned mEqpLines;    /* Mask of veritical lines in the EQP output graph */
  int outCount;          /* Revert to stdout when reaching zero */
  int cnt;               /* Number of records displayed so far */
  FILE *out;             /* Write results here */
  FILE *traceOut;        /* Output for sqlite3_trace() */
  int nErr;              /* Number of errors seen */
  int mode;              /* An output mode setting */
  int modePrior;         /* Saved mode */
................................................................................
  char *zFreeOnClose;         /* Filename to free when closing */
  const char *zVfs;           /* Name of VFS to use */
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt;   /* Current statement if any. */
  FILE *pLog;            /* Write log output here */
  int *aiIndent;         /* Array of indents used in MODE_Explain */
  int nIndent;           /* Size of array aiIndent[] */
  int iIndent;           /* Index of current op in aiIndent[] */
  EQPGraph sGraph;       /* Information for the graphical EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN */
#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_SESSION)
  int nSession;             /* Number of active sessions */
  OpenSession aSession[4];  /* Array of sessions.  [0] is in focus. */
#endif
  ExpertInfo expert;        /* Valid if previous command was ".expert OPT..." */
};


/* Allowed values for ShellState.autoEQP
*/
#define AUTOEQP_off      0           /* Automatic EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN is off */
#define AUTOEQP_on       1           /* Automatic EQP is on */
#define AUTOEQP_trigger  2           /* On and also show plans for triggers */
#define AUTOEQP_full     3           /* Show full EXPLAIN */

/* Allowed values for ShellState.openMode
*/
#define SHELL_OPEN_UNSPEC     0      /* No open-mode specified */
#define SHELL_OPEN_NORMAL     1      /* Normal database file */
#define SHELL_OPEN_APPENDVFS  2      /* Use appendvfs */
#define SHELL_OPEN_ZIPFILE    3      /* Use the zipfile virtual table */
................................................................................
#define MODE_Insert   5  /* Generate SQL "insert" statements */
#define MODE_Quote    6  /* Quote values as for SQL */
#define MODE_Tcl      7  /* Generate ANSI-C or TCL quoted elements */
#define MODE_Csv      8  /* Quote strings, numbers are plain */
#define MODE_Explain  9  /* Like MODE_Column, but do not truncate data */
#define MODE_Ascii   10  /* Use ASCII unit and record separators (0x1F/0x1E) */
#define MODE_Pretty  11  /* Pretty-print schemas */
#define MODE_EQP     12  /* Converts EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN output into a graph */

static const char *modeDescr[] = {
  "line",
  "column",
  "list",
  "semi",
  "html",
................................................................................
  "insert",
  "quote",
  "tcl",
  "csv",
  "explain",
  "ascii",
  "prettyprint",
  "eqp"
};

/*
** These are the column/row/line separators used by the various
** import/export modes.
*/
#define SEP_Column    "|"
................................................................................
    if( IsSpace(z[i]) ) continue;
    if( z[i]=='-' && z[i+1]=='-' ) return 1;
    return 0;
  }
  return 1;
}

/*
** Add a new entry to the EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN data
*/
static void eqp_append(ShellState *p, int iEqpId, int p2, const char *zText){
  EQPGraphRow *pNew;
  int nText = strlen30(zText);
  if( p->autoEQPtest ){
    utf8_printf(p->out, "%d,%d,%s\n", iEqpId, p2, zText);
  }
  pNew = sqlite3_malloc64( sizeof(*pNew) + nText );
  if( pNew==0 ) shell_out_of_memory();
  pNew->iEqpId = iEqpId;
  pNew->iParentId = p2;
  memcpy(pNew->zText, zText, nText+1);
  pNew->pNext = 0;
  if( p->sGraph.pLast ){
    p->sGraph.pLast->pNext = pNew;
  }else{
    p->sGraph.pRow = pNew;
  }
  p->sGraph.pLast = pNew;
}

/*
** Free and reset the EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN data that has been collected
** in p->sGraph.
*/
static void eqp_reset(ShellState *p){
  EQPGraphRow *pRow, *pNext;
  for(pRow = p->sGraph.pRow; pRow; pRow = pNext){
    pNext = pRow->pNext;
    sqlite3_free(pRow);
  }
  memset(&p->sGraph, 0, sizeof(p->sGraph));
}

/* Return the next EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN line with iEqpId that occurs after
** pOld, or return the first such line if pOld is NULL
*/
static EQPGraphRow *eqp_next_row(ShellState *p, int iEqpId, EQPGraphRow *pOld){
  EQPGraphRow *pRow = pOld ? pOld->pNext : p->sGraph.pRow;
  while( pRow && pRow->iParentId!=iEqpId ) pRow = pRow->pNext;
  return pRow;
}

/* Render a single level of the graph that has iEqpId as its parent.  Called
** recursively to render sublevels.
*/
static void eqp_render_level(ShellState *p, int iEqpId){
  EQPGraphRow *pRow, *pNext;
  int n = strlen30(p->sGraph.zPrefix);
  char *z;
  for(pRow = eqp_next_row(p, iEqpId, 0); pRow; pRow = pNext){
    pNext = eqp_next_row(p, iEqpId, pRow);
    z = pRow->zText;
    utf8_printf(p->out, "%s%s%s\n", p->sGraph.zPrefix, pNext ? "|--" : "`--", z);
    if( n<sizeof(p->sGraph.zPrefix)-7 ){
      memcpy(&p->sGraph.zPrefix[n], pNext ? "|  " : "   ", 4);
      eqp_render_level(p, pRow->iEqpId);
      p->sGraph.zPrefix[n] = 0;
    }
  }
}

/*
** Display and reset the EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN data
*/
static void eqp_render(ShellState *p){
  EQPGraphRow *pRow = p->sGraph.pRow;
  if( pRow ){
    if( pRow->zText[0]=='-' ){
      if( pRow->pNext==0 ){
        eqp_reset(p);
        return;
      }
      utf8_printf(p->out, "%s\n", pRow->zText+3);
      p->sGraph.pRow = pRow->pNext;
      sqlite3_free(pRow);
    }else{
      utf8_printf(p->out, "QUERY PLAN\n");
    }
    p->sGraph.zPrefix[0] = 0;
    eqp_render_level(p, 0);
    eqp_reset(p);
  }
}

/*
** This is the callback routine that the shell
** invokes for each row of a query result.
*/
static int shell_callback(
  void *pArg,
................................................................................
      for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
        if( i>0 ) utf8_printf(p->out, "%s", p->colSeparator);
        utf8_printf(p->out,"%s",azArg[i] ? azArg[i] : p->nullValue);
      }
      utf8_printf(p->out, "%s", p->rowSeparator);
      break;
    }
    case MODE_EQP: {
      eqp_append(p, atoi(azArg[0]), atoi(azArg[1]), azArg[3]);
      break;
    }
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** This is the callback routine that the SQLite library
** invokes for each row of a query result.
................................................................................
    p->zDestTable = 0;
  }
  if( zName==0 ) return;
  cQuote = quoteChar(zName);
  n = strlen30(zName);
  if( cQuote ) n += n+2;
  z = p->zDestTable = malloc( n+1 );
  if( z==0 ) shell_out_of_memory();



  n = 0;
  if( cQuote ) z[n++] = cQuote;
  for(i=0; zName[i]; i++){
    z[n++] = zName[i];
    if( zName[i]==cQuote ) z[n++] = cQuote;
  }
  if( cQuote ) z[n++] = cQuote;
................................................................................
        if( pArg->autoEQP>=AUTOEQP_trigger ){
          sqlite3_db_config(db, SQLITE_DBCONFIG_TRIGGER_EQP, 1, 0);
        }
        zEQP = sqlite3_mprintf("EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN %s", zStmtSql);
        rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(db, zEQP, -1, &pExplain, 0);
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          while( sqlite3_step(pExplain)==SQLITE_ROW ){
            const char *zEQPLine = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pExplain,3);
            int iEqpId = sqlite3_column_int(pExplain, 0);
            int iParentId = sqlite3_column_int(pExplain, 1);
            if( zEQPLine[0]=='-' ) eqp_render(pArg);
            eqp_append(pArg, iEqpId, iParentId, zEQPLine);
          }
          eqp_render(pArg);
        }
        sqlite3_finalize(pExplain);
        sqlite3_free(zEQP);
        if( pArg->autoEQP>=AUTOEQP_full ){
          /* Also do an EXPLAIN for ".eqp full" mode */
          zEQP = sqlite3_mprintf("EXPLAIN %s", zStmtSql);
          rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(db, zEQP, -1, &pExplain, 0);
................................................................................
          sqlite3_prepare_v2(db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
        }
        restore_debug_trace_modes();
      }

      if( pArg ){
        pArg->cMode = pArg->mode;
        if( pArg->autoExplain ){
          if( sqlite3_column_count(pStmt)==8
           && sqlite3_strlike("EXPLAIN%", zStmtSql,0)==0
          ){
            pArg->cMode = MODE_Explain;
          }
          if( sqlite3_column_count(pStmt)==4
           && sqlite3_strlike("EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN%", zStmtSql,0)==0 ){
            pArg->cMode = MODE_EQP;
          }
        }

        /* If the shell is currently in ".explain" mode, gather the extra
        ** data required to add indents to the output.*/
        if( pArg->cMode==MODE_Explain ){
          explain_data_prepare(pArg, pStmt);
        }
      }

      exec_prepared_stmt(pArg, pStmt);
      explain_data_delete(pArg);
      eqp_render(pArg);

      /* print usage stats if stats on */
      if( pArg && pArg->statsOn ){
        display_stats(db, pArg, 0);
      }

      /* print loop-counters if required */
................................................................................
  rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(p->db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
  sqlite3_free(zSql);
  if( rc ) return 0;
  while( sqlite3_step(pStmt)==SQLITE_ROW ){
    if( nCol>=nAlloc-2 ){
      nAlloc = nAlloc*2 + nCol + 10;
      azCol = sqlite3_realloc(azCol, nAlloc*sizeof(azCol[0]));
      if( azCol==0 ) shell_out_of_memory();



    }
    azCol[++nCol] = sqlite3_mprintf("%s", sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, 1));
    if( sqlite3_column_int(pStmt, 5) ){
      nPK++;
      if( nPK==1
       && sqlite3_stricmp((const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt,2),
                          "INTEGER")==0
................................................................................
  ".bail on|off           Stop after hitting an error.  Default OFF\n"
  ".binary on|off         Turn binary output on or off.  Default OFF\n"
  ".cd DIRECTORY          Change the working directory to DIRECTORY\n"
  ".changes on|off        Show number of rows changed by SQL\n"
  ".check GLOB            Fail if output since .testcase does not match\n"
  ".clone NEWDB           Clone data into NEWDB from the existing database\n"
  ".databases             List names and files of attached databases\n"
  ".dbconfig ?op? ?val?   List or change sqlite3_db_config() options\n"
  ".dbinfo ?DB?           Show status information about the database\n"
  ".dump ?TABLE? ...      Dump the database in an SQL text format\n"
  "                         If TABLE specified, only dump tables matching\n"
  "                         LIKE pattern TABLE.\n"
  ".echo on|off           Turn command echo on or off\n"
  ".eqp on|off|full       Enable or disable automatic EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN\n"
  ".excel                 Display the output of next command in a spreadsheet\n"
................................................................................

/*
** Make sure the database is open.  If it is not, then open it.  If
** the database fails to open, print an error message and exit.
*/
static void open_db(ShellState *p, int keepAlive){
  if( p->db==0 ){

    if( p->openMode==SHELL_OPEN_UNSPEC && access(p->zDbFilename,0)==0 ){
      p->openMode = (u8)deduceDatabaseType(p->zDbFilename, 0);
    }
    switch( p->openMode ){
      case SHELL_OPEN_APPENDVFS: {
        sqlite3_open_v2(p->zDbFilename, &p->db, 
           SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE|SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE, "apndvfs");
................................................................................
};

/* Append a single byte to z[] */
static void import_append_char(ImportCtx *p, int c){
  if( p->n+1>=p->nAlloc ){
    p->nAlloc += p->nAlloc + 100;
    p->z = sqlite3_realloc64(p->z, p->nAlloc);
    if( p->z==0 ) shell_out_of_memory();



  }
  p->z[p->n++] = (char)c;
}

/* Read a single field of CSV text.  Compatible with rfc4180 and extended
** with the option of having a separator other than ",".
**
................................................................................
    utf8_printf(stderr, "Error %d: %s on [%s]\n",
            sqlite3_extended_errcode(p->db), sqlite3_errmsg(p->db),
            zQuery);
    goto end_data_xfer;
  }
  n = sqlite3_column_count(pQuery);
  zInsert = sqlite3_malloc64(200 + nTable + n*3);
  if( zInsert==0 ) shell_out_of_memory();



  sqlite3_snprintf(200+nTable,zInsert,
                   "INSERT OR IGNORE INTO \"%s\" VALUES(?", zTable);
  i = strlen30(zInsert);
  for(j=1; j<n; j++){
    memcpy(zInsert+i, ",?", 2);
    i += 2;
  }
................................................................................
*/
static int shellDatabaseError(sqlite3 *db){
  const char *zErr = sqlite3_errmsg(db);
  utf8_printf(stderr, "Error: %s\n", zErr);
  return 1;
}









/*
** Compare the pattern in zGlob[] against the text in z[].  Return TRUE
** if they match and FALSE (0) if they do not match.
**
** Globbing rules:
**
**      '*'       Matches any sequence of zero or more characters.
................................................................................
    if( zErrMsg ){
      utf8_printf(stderr,"Error: %s\n", zErrMsg);
      sqlite3_free(zErrMsg);
      rc = 1;
    }
  }else

  if( c=='d' && n>=3 && strncmp(azArg[0], "dbconfig", n)==0 ){
    static const struct DbConfigChoices {const char *zName; int op;} aDbConfig[] = {
        { "enable_fkey",      SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_FKEY            },
        { "enable_trigger",   SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_TRIGGER         },
        { "fts3_tokenizer",   SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_FTS3_TOKENIZER  },
        { "load_extension",   SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_LOAD_EXTENSION  },
        { "no_ckpt_on_close", SQLITE_DBCONFIG_NO_CKPT_ON_CLOSE       },
        { "enable_qpsg",      SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_QPSG            },
        { "trigger_eqp",      SQLITE_DBCONFIG_TRIGGER_EQP            },
        { "reset_database",   SQLITE_DBCONFIG_RESET_DATABASE         },
    };
    int ii, v;
    open_db(p, 0);
    for(ii=0; ii<ArraySize(aDbConfig); ii++){
      if( nArg>1 && strcmp(azArg[1], aDbConfig[ii].zName)!=0 ) continue;
      if( nArg>=3 ){
        sqlite3_db_config(p->db, aDbConfig[ii].op, booleanValue(azArg[2]), 0);
      }
      sqlite3_db_config(p->db, aDbConfig[ii].op, -1, &v);
      utf8_printf(p->out, "%18s %s\n", aDbConfig[ii].zName, v ? "on" : "off");
      if( nArg>1 ) break;
    }
    if( nArg>1 && ii==ArraySize(aDbConfig) ){
      utf8_printf(stderr, "Error: unknown dbconfig \"%s\"\n", azArg[1]);
      utf8_printf(stderr, "Enter \".dbconfig\" with no arguments for a list\n");
    }   
  }else

  if( c=='d' && n>=3 && strncmp(azArg[0], "dbinfo", n)==0 ){
    rc = shell_dbinfo_command(p, nArg, azArg);
  }else

  if( c=='d' && strncmp(azArg[0], "dump", n)==0 ){
    const char *zLike = 0;
    int i;
    int savedShowHeader = p->showHeader;
................................................................................
      raw_printf(stderr, "Usage: .echo on|off\n");
      rc = 1;
    }
  }else

  if( c=='e' && strncmp(azArg[0], "eqp", n)==0 ){
    if( nArg==2 ){
      p->autoEQPtest = 0;
      if( strcmp(azArg[1],"full")==0 ){
        p->autoEQP = AUTOEQP_full;
      }else if( strcmp(azArg[1],"trigger")==0 ){
        p->autoEQP = AUTOEQP_trigger;
      }else if( strcmp(azArg[1],"test")==0 ){
        p->autoEQP = AUTOEQP_on;
        p->autoEQPtest = 1;
      }else{
        p->autoEQP = (u8)booleanValue(azArg[1]);
      }
    }else{
      raw_printf(stderr, "Usage: .eqp off|on|trigger|full\n");
      rc = 1;
    }
................................................................................
      utf8_printf(stderr, "Error: cannot open \"%s\"\n", zFile);
      return 1;
    }
    sCtx.cColSep = p->colSeparator[0];
    sCtx.cRowSep = p->rowSeparator[0];
    zSql = sqlite3_mprintf("SELECT * FROM %s", zTable);
    if( zSql==0 ){

      xCloser(sCtx.in);

      shell_out_of_memory();
    }
    nByte = strlen30(zSql);
    rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(p->db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
    import_append_char(&sCtx, 0);    /* To ensure sCtx.z is allocated */
    if( rc && sqlite3_strglob("no such table: *", sqlite3_errmsg(p->db))==0 ){
      char *zCreate = sqlite3_mprintf("CREATE TABLE %s", zTable);
      char cSep = '(';
................................................................................
    }
    nCol = sqlite3_column_count(pStmt);
    sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
    pStmt = 0;
    if( nCol==0 ) return 0; /* no columns, no error */
    zSql = sqlite3_malloc64( nByte*2 + 20 + nCol*2 );
    if( zSql==0 ){

      xCloser(sCtx.in);

      shell_out_of_memory();
    }
    sqlite3_snprintf(nByte+20, zSql, "INSERT INTO \"%w\" VALUES(?", zTable);
    j = strlen30(zSql);
    for(i=1; i<nCol; i++){
      zSql[j++] = ',';
      zSql[j++] = '?';
    }
................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_UNTESTABLE
  if( c=='i' && strncmp(azArg[0], "imposter", n)==0 ){
    char *zSql;
    char *zCollist = 0;
    sqlite3_stmt *pStmt;
    int tnum = 0;
    int i;
    if( !(nArg==3 || (nArg==2 && sqlite3_stricmp(azArg[1],"off")==0)) ){
      utf8_printf(stderr, "Usage: .imposter INDEX IMPOSTER\n"
                          "       .imposter off\n");
      rc = 1;
      goto meta_command_exit;
    }
    open_db(p, 0);
    if( nArg==2 ){
      sqlite3_test_control(SQLITE_TESTCTRL_IMPOSTER, p->db, "main", 0, 1);
      goto meta_command_exit;
    }
    zSql = sqlite3_mprintf("SELECT rootpage FROM sqlite_master"
                           " WHERE name='%q' AND type='index'", azArg[1]);
    sqlite3_prepare_v2(p->db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
    sqlite3_free(zSql);
    if( sqlite3_step(pStmt)==SQLITE_ROW ){
      tnum = sqlite3_column_int(pStmt, 0);
    }
................................................................................
      sqlite3_bind_text(pStmt, 1, "%", -1, SQLITE_STATIC);
    }
    while( sqlite3_step(pStmt)==SQLITE_ROW ){
      if( nRow>=nAlloc ){
        char **azNew;
        int n2 = nAlloc*2 + 10;
        azNew = sqlite3_realloc64(azResult, sizeof(azResult[0])*n2);
        if( azNew==0 ) shell_out_of_memory();



        nAlloc = n2;
        azResult = azNew;
      }
      azResult[nRow] = sqlite3_mprintf("%s", sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, 0));
      if( 0==azResult[nRow] ) shell_out_of_memory();



      nRow++;
    }
    if( sqlite3_finalize(pStmt)!=SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = shellDatabaseError(p->db);
    }

    /* Pretty-print the contents of array azResult[] to the output */
................................................................................
      { "always",             SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ALWAYS,        "BOOLEAN"            },
      { "assert",             SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ASSERT,        "BOOLEAN"            },
    /*{ "benign_malloc_hooks",SQLITE_TESTCTRL_BENIGN_MALLOC_HOOKS, ""          },*/
    /*{ "bitvec_test",        SQLITE_TESTCTRL_BITVEC_TEST,   ""                },*/
      { "byteorder",          SQLITE_TESTCTRL_BYTEORDER,     ""                   },
    /*{ "fault_install",      SQLITE_TESTCTRL_FAULT_INSTALL, ""                }, */
      { "imposter",           SQLITE_TESTCTRL_IMPOSTER,   "SCHEMA ON/OFF ROOTPAGE"},



      { "localtime_fault",    SQLITE_TESTCTRL_LOCALTIME_FAULT,"BOOLEAN"           },
      { "never_corrupt",      SQLITE_TESTCTRL_NEVER_CORRUPT, "BOOLEAN"            },
      { "optimizations",      SQLITE_TESTCTRL_OPTIMIZATIONS, "DISABLE-MASK"       },
#ifdef YYCOVERAGE
      { "parser_coverage",    SQLITE_TESTCTRL_PARSER_COVERAGE, ""                 },
#endif
      { "pending_byte",       SQLITE_TESTCTRL_PENDING_BYTE,  "OFFSET  "           },
................................................................................
          if( nArg==3 ){
            int opt = booleanValue(azArg[2]);
            rc2 = sqlite3_test_control(testctrl, opt);
            isOk = 3;
          }
          break;












        case SQLITE_TESTCTRL_IMPOSTER:
          if( nArg==5 ){
            rc2 = sqlite3_test_control(testctrl, p->db,
                          azArg[2],
                          integerValue(azArg[3]),
                          integerValue(azArg[4]));
            isOk = 3;
................................................................................
    if( line_is_command_terminator(zLine) && line_is_complete(zSql, nSql) ){
      memcpy(zLine,";",2);
    }
    nLine = strlen30(zLine);
    if( nSql+nLine+2>=nAlloc ){
      nAlloc = nSql+nLine+100;
      zSql = realloc(zSql, nAlloc);
      if( zSql==0 ) shell_out_of_memory();



    }
    nSqlPrior = nSql;
    if( nSql==0 ){
      int i;
      for(i=0; zLine[i] && IsSpace(zLine[i]); i++){}
      assert( nAlloc>0 && zSql!=0 );
      memcpy(zSql, zLine+i, nLine+1-i);
................................................................................
  if (sqliterc == NULL) {
    home_dir = find_home_dir(0);
    if( home_dir==0 ){
      raw_printf(stderr, "-- warning: cannot find home directory;"
                      " cannot read ~/.sqliterc\n");
      return;
    }

    zBuf = sqlite3_mprintf("%s/.sqliterc",home_dir);
    sqliterc = zBuf;
  }
  in = fopen(sqliterc,"rb");
  if( in ){
    if( stdin_is_interactive ){
      utf8_printf(stderr,"-- Loading resources from %s\n",sqliterc);
................................................................................
#endif
  "   -newline SEP         set output row separator. Default: '\\n'\n"
  "   -nullvalue TEXT      set text string for NULL values. Default ''\n"
  "   -pagecache SIZE N    use N slots of SZ bytes each for page cache memory\n"
  "   -quote               set output mode to 'quote'\n"
  "   -readonly            open the database read-only\n"
  "   -separator SEP       set output column separator. Default: '|'\n"
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SORTER_REFERENCES
  "   -sorterref SIZE      sorter references threshold size\n"
#endif
  "   -stats               print memory stats before each finalize\n"
  "   -version             show SQLite version\n"
  "   -vfs NAME            use NAME as the default VFS\n"
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_VFSTRACE
  "   -vfstrace            enable tracing of all VFS calls\n"
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_HAVE_ZLIB
................................................................................
  if( showDetail ){
    utf8_printf(stderr, "OPTIONS include:\n%s", zOptions);
  }else{
    raw_printf(stderr, "Use the -help option for additional information\n");
  }
  exit(1);
}

/*
** Internal check:  Verify that the SQLite is uninitialized.  Print a
** error message if it is initialized.
*/
static void verify_uninitialized(void){
  if( sqlite3_config(-1)==SQLITE_MISUSE ){
    utf8_printf(stdout, "WARNING: attempt to configuration SQLite after"
                        " initialization.\n");
  }
}

/*
** Initialize the state information in data
*/
static void main_init(ShellState *data) {
  memset(data, 0, sizeof(*data));
  data->normalMode = data->cMode = data->mode = MODE_List;
  data->autoExplain = 1;
  memcpy(data->colSeparator,SEP_Column, 2);
  memcpy(data->rowSeparator,SEP_Row, 2);
  data->showHeader = 0;
  data->shellFlgs = SHFLG_Lookaside;
  verify_uninitialized();
  sqlite3_config(SQLITE_CONFIG_URI, 1);
  sqlite3_config(SQLITE_CONFIG_LOG, shellLog, data);
  sqlite3_config(SQLITE_CONFIG_MULTITHREAD);
  sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(mainPrompt), mainPrompt,"sqlite> ");
  sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(continuePrompt), continuePrompt,"   ...> ");
}

................................................................................
  const char *zInitFile = 0;
  int i;
  int rc = 0;
  int warnInmemoryDb = 0;
  int readStdin = 1;
  int nCmd = 0;
  char **azCmd = 0;
  const char *zVfs = 0;           /* Value of -vfs command-line option */

  setBinaryMode(stdin, 0);
  setvbuf(stderr, 0, _IONBF, 0); /* Make sure stderr is unbuffered */
  stdin_is_interactive = isatty(0);
  stdout_is_console = isatty(1);

#if USE_SYSTEM_SQLITE+0!=1
................................................................................
  ** do this.  But we want to run an sqlite3_shutdown() afterwards so that
  ** subsequent sqlite3_config() calls will work.  So copy all results into
  ** memory that does not come from the SQLite memory allocator.
  */
#if !SQLITE_SHELL_IS_UTF8
  sqlite3_initialize();
  argv = malloc(sizeof(argv[0])*argc);
  if( argv==0 ) shell_out_of_memory();



  for(i=0; i<argc; i++){
    char *z = sqlite3_win32_unicode_to_utf8(wargv[i]);
    int n;
    if( z==0 ) shell_out_of_memory();



    n = (int)strlen(z);
    argv[i] = malloc( n+1 );
    if( argv[i]==0 ) shell_out_of_memory();



    memcpy(argv[i], z, n+1);
    sqlite3_free(z);
  }
  sqlite3_shutdown();
#endif

  assert( argc>=1 && argv && argv[0] );
................................................................................
#endif

  /* Do an initial pass through the command-line argument to locate
  ** the name of the database file, the name of the initialization file,
  ** the size of the alternative malloc heap,
  ** and the first command to execute.
  */
  verify_uninitialized();
  for(i=1; i<argc; i++){
    char *z;
    z = argv[i];
    if( z[0]!='-' ){
      if( data.zDbFilename==0 ){
        data.zDbFilename = z;
      }else{
        /* Excesss arguments are interpreted as SQL (or dot-commands) and
        ** mean that nothing is read from stdin */
        readStdin = 0;
        nCmd++;
        azCmd = realloc(azCmd, sizeof(azCmd[0])*nCmd);
        if( azCmd==0 ) shell_out_of_memory();



        azCmd[nCmd-1] = z;
      }
    }
    if( z[1]=='-' ) z++;
    if( strcmp(z,"-separator")==0
     || strcmp(z,"-nullvalue")==0
     || strcmp(z,"-newline")==0
................................................................................
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-multiplex")==0 ){
      extern int sqlite3_multiple_initialize(const char*,int);
      sqlite3_multiplex_initialize(0, 1);
#endif
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-mmap")==0 ){
      sqlite3_int64 sz = integerValue(cmdline_option_value(argc,argv,++i));
      sqlite3_config(SQLITE_CONFIG_MMAP_SIZE, sz, sz);
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SORTER_REFERENCES
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-sorterref")==0 ){
      sqlite3_int64 sz = integerValue(cmdline_option_value(argc,argv,++i));

      sqlite3_config(SQLITE_CONFIG_SORTERREF_SIZE, (int)sz);
#endif
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-vfs")==0 ){
      zVfs = cmdline_option_value(argc, argv, ++i);

#ifdef SQLITE_HAVE_ZLIB
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-zip")==0 ){
      data.openMode = SHELL_OPEN_ZIPFILE;
#endif
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-append")==0 ){
      data.openMode = SHELL_OPEN_APPENDVFS;
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-readonly")==0 ){
................................................................................
    }else if( strncmp(z, "-A",2)==0 ){
      /* All remaining command-line arguments are passed to the ".archive"
      ** command, so ignore them */
      break;
#endif
    }
  }
  verify_uninitialized();


#ifdef SQLITE_SHELL_INIT_PROC
  {
    /* If the SQLITE_SHELL_INIT_PROC macro is defined, then it is the name
    ** of a C-function that will perform initialization actions on SQLite that
    ** occur just before or after sqlite3_initialize(). Use this compile-time
    ** option to embed this shell program in larger applications. */
    extern void SQLITE_SHELL_INIT_PROC(void);
    SQLITE_SHELL_INIT_PROC();
  }
#else
  /* All the sqlite3_config() calls have now been made. So it is safe
  ** to call sqlite3_initialize() and process any command line -vfs option. */
  sqlite3_initialize();
#endif

  if( zVfs ){
    sqlite3_vfs *pVfs = sqlite3_vfs_find(zVfs);
    if( pVfs ){
      sqlite3_vfs_register(pVfs, 1);
    }else{
      utf8_printf(stderr, "no such VFS: \"%s\"\n", argv[i]);
      exit(1);
    }
  }

  if( data.zDbFilename==0 ){
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_MEMORYDB
    data.zDbFilename = ":memory:";
    warnInmemoryDb = argc==1;
#else
    utf8_printf(stderr,"%s: Error: no database filename specified\n", Argv0);
    return 1;
................................................................................
      i++;
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-pagecache")==0 ){
      i+=2;
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-lookaside")==0 ){
      i+=2;
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-mmap")==0 ){
      i++;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SORTER_REFERENCES
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-sorterref")==0 ){
      i++;
#endif
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-vfs")==0 ){
      i++;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_VFSTRACE
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-vfstrace")==0 ){
      i++;
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_MULTIPLEX

Changes to src/sqlite.h.in.

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** Or if the threshold is -1, statement journals are always held
** exclusively in memory.
** Since many statement journals never become large, setting the spill
** threshold to a value such as 64KiB can greatly reduce the amount of
** I/O required to support statement rollback.
** The default value for this setting is controlled by the
** [SQLITE_STMTJRNL_SPILL] compile-time option.
















** </dl>
*/
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_SINGLETHREAD  1  /* nil */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_MULTITHREAD   2  /* nil */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_SERIALIZED    3  /* nil */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_MALLOC        4  /* sqlite3_mem_methods* */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_GETMALLOC     5  /* sqlite3_mem_methods* */
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_SQLLOG       21  /* xSqllog, void* */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_MMAP_SIZE    22  /* sqlite3_int64, sqlite3_int64 */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_WIN32_HEAPSIZE      23  /* int nByte */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE_HDRSZ        24  /* int *psz */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_PMASZ               25  /* unsigned int szPma */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_STMTJRNL_SPILL      26  /* int nByte */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_SMALL_MALLOC        27  /* boolean */


/*
** CAPI3REF: Database Connection Configuration Options
**
** These constants are the available integer configuration options that
** can be passed as the second argument to the [sqlite3_db_config()] interface.
**
................................................................................
** behavior. The first parameter passed to this operation is an integer -
** positive to enable output for trigger programs, or zero to disable it,
** or negative to leave the setting unchanged.
** The second parameter is a pointer to an integer into which is written 
** 0 or 1 to indicate whether output-for-triggers has been disabled - 0 if 
** it is not disabled, 1 if it is.  
** </dd>















** </dl>
*/
#define SQLITE_DBCONFIG_MAINDBNAME            1000 /* const char* */
#define SQLITE_DBCONFIG_LOOKASIDE             1001 /* void* int int */
#define SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_FKEY           1002 /* int int* */
#define SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_TRIGGER        1003 /* int int* */
#define SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_FTS3_TOKENIZER 1004 /* int int* */
#define SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_LOAD_EXTENSION 1005 /* int int* */
#define SQLITE_DBCONFIG_NO_CKPT_ON_CLOSE      1006 /* int int* */
#define SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_QPSG           1007 /* int int* */
#define SQLITE_DBCONFIG_TRIGGER_EQP           1008 /* int int* */

#define SQLITE_DBCONFIG_MAX                   1008 /* Largest DBCONFIG */

/*
** CAPI3REF: Enable Or Disable Extended Result Codes
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** ^The sqlite3_extended_result_codes() routine enables or disables the
** [extended result codes] feature of SQLite. ^The extended result
................................................................................
** using [sqlite3_free].
** Hence, if this variable is modified directly, either it should be
** made NULL or made to point to memory obtained from [sqlite3_malloc]
** or else the use of the [data_store_directory pragma] should be avoided.
*/
SQLITE_EXTERN char *sqlite3_data_directory;




































/*
** CAPI3REF: Test For Auto-Commit Mode
** KEYWORDS: {autocommit mode}
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** ^The sqlite3_get_autocommit() interface returns non-zero or
** zero if the given database connection is or is not in autocommit mode,
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_FAULT_INSTALL            9
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_BENIGN_MALLOC_HOOKS     10
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_PENDING_BYTE            11
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ASSERT                  12
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ALWAYS                  13
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_RESERVE                 14
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_OPTIMIZATIONS           15
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ISKEYWORD               16
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_SCRATCHMALLOC           17  /* NOT USED */
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_LOCALTIME_FAULT         18
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_EXPLAIN_STMT            19  /* NOT USED */
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ONCE_RESET_THRESHOLD    19
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_NEVER_CORRUPT           20
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_VDBE_COVERAGE           21
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_BYTEORDER               22
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ISINIT                  23
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_SORTER_MMAP             24
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_IMPOSTER                25
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_PARSER_COVERAGE         26
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_LAST                    26  /* Largest TESTCTRL */




















































/*
** CAPI3REF: SQLite Runtime Status
**
** ^These interfaces are used to retrieve runtime status information
** about the performance of SQLite, and optionally to reset various
** highwater marks.  ^The first argument is an integer code for
** the specific parameter to measure.  ^(Recognized integer codes







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** Or if the threshold is -1, statement journals are always held
** exclusively in memory.
** Since many statement journals never become large, setting the spill
** threshold to a value such as 64KiB can greatly reduce the amount of
** I/O required to support statement rollback.
** The default value for this setting is controlled by the
** [SQLITE_STMTJRNL_SPILL] compile-time option.
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_SORTERREF_SIZE]]
** <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_SORTERREF_SIZE
** <dd>The SQLITE_CONFIG_SORTERREF_SIZE option accepts a single parameter
** of type (int) - the new value of the sorter-reference size threshold.
** Usually, when SQLite uses an external sort to order records according
** to an ORDER BY clause, all fields required by the caller are present in the
** sorted records. However, if SQLite determines based on the declared type
** of a table column that its values are likely to be very large - larger
** than the configured sorter-reference size threshold - then a reference
** is stored in each sorted record and the required column values loaded
** from the database as records are returned in sorted order. The default
** value for this option is to never use this optimization. Specifying a 
** negative value for this option restores the default behaviour.
** This option is only available if SQLite is compiled with the
** [SQLITE_ENABLE_SORTER_REFERENCES] compile-time option.
** </dl>
*/
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_SINGLETHREAD  1  /* nil */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_MULTITHREAD   2  /* nil */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_SERIALIZED    3  /* nil */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_MALLOC        4  /* sqlite3_mem_methods* */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_GETMALLOC     5  /* sqlite3_mem_methods* */
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_SQLLOG       21  /* xSqllog, void* */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_MMAP_SIZE    22  /* sqlite3_int64, sqlite3_int64 */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_WIN32_HEAPSIZE      23  /* int nByte */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE_HDRSZ        24  /* int *psz */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_PMASZ               25  /* unsigned int szPma */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_STMTJRNL_SPILL      26  /* int nByte */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_SMALL_MALLOC        27  /* boolean */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_SORTERREF_SIZE      28  /* int nByte */

/*
** CAPI3REF: Database Connection Configuration Options
**
** These constants are the available integer configuration options that
** can be passed as the second argument to the [sqlite3_db_config()] interface.
**
................................................................................
** behavior. The first parameter passed to this operation is an integer -
** positive to enable output for trigger programs, or zero to disable it,
** or negative to leave the setting unchanged.
** The second parameter is a pointer to an integer into which is written 
** 0 or 1 to indicate whether output-for-triggers has been disabled - 0 if 
** it is not disabled, 1 if it is.  
** </dd>
**
** <dt>SQLITE_DBCONFIG_RESET_DATABASE</dt>
** <dd> Set the SQLITE_DBCONFIG_RESET_DATABASE flag and then run
** [VACUUM] in order to reset a database back to an empty database
** with no schema and no content. The following process works even for
** a badly corrupted database file:
** <ol>
** <li> sqlite3_db_config(db, SQLITE_DBCONFIG_RESET_DATABASE, 1, 0);
** <li> [sqlite3_exec](db, "[VACUUM]", 0, 0, 0);
** <li> sqlite3_db_config(db, SQLITE_DBCONFIG_RESET_DATABASE, 0, 0);
** </ol>
** Because resetting a database is destructive and irreversible, the
** process requires the use of this obscure API and multiple steps to help
** ensure that it does not happen by accident.
** </dd>
** </dl>
*/
#define SQLITE_DBCONFIG_MAINDBNAME            1000 /* const char* */
#define SQLITE_DBCONFIG_LOOKASIDE             1001 /* void* int int */
#define SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_FKEY           1002 /* int int* */
#define SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_TRIGGER        1003 /* int int* */
#define SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_FTS3_TOKENIZER 1004 /* int int* */
#define SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_LOAD_EXTENSION 1005 /* int int* */
#define SQLITE_DBCONFIG_NO_CKPT_ON_CLOSE      1006 /* int int* */
#define SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_QPSG           1007 /* int int* */
#define SQLITE_DBCONFIG_TRIGGER_EQP           1008 /* int int* */
#define SQLITE_DBCONFIG_RESET_DATABASE        1009 /* int int* */
#define SQLITE_DBCONFIG_MAX                   1009 /* Largest DBCONFIG */

/*
** CAPI3REF: Enable Or Disable Extended Result Codes
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** ^The sqlite3_extended_result_codes() routine enables or disables the
** [extended result codes] feature of SQLite. ^The extended result
................................................................................
** using [sqlite3_free].
** Hence, if this variable is modified directly, either it should be
** made NULL or made to point to memory obtained from [sqlite3_malloc]
** or else the use of the [data_store_directory pragma] should be avoided.
*/
SQLITE_EXTERN char *sqlite3_data_directory;

/*
** CAPI3REF: Win32 Specific Interface
**
** These interfaces are available only on Windows.  The
** [sqlite3_win32_set_directory] interface is used to set the value associated
** with the [sqlite3_temp_directory] or [sqlite3_data_directory] variable, to
** zValue, depending on the value of the type parameter.  The zValue parameter
** should be NULL to cause the previous value to be freed via [sqlite3_free];
** a non-NULL value will be copied into memory obtained from [sqlite3_malloc]
** prior to being used.  The [sqlite3_win32_set_directory] interface returns
** [SQLITE_OK] to indicate success, [SQLITE_ERROR] if the type is unsupported,
** or [SQLITE_NOMEM] if memory could not be allocated.  The value of the
** [sqlite3_data_directory] variable is intended to act as a replacement for
** the current directory on the sub-platforms of Win32 where that concept is
** not present, e.g. WinRT and UWP.  The [sqlite3_win32_set_directory8] and
** [sqlite3_win32_set_directory16] interfaces behave exactly the same as the
** sqlite3_win32_set_directory interface except the string parameter must be
** UTF-8 or UTF-16, respectively.
*/
int sqlite3_win32_set_directory(
  unsigned long type, /* Identifier for directory being set or reset */
  void *zValue        /* New value for directory being set or reset */
);
int sqlite3_win32_set_directory8(unsigned long type, const char *zValue);
int sqlite3_win32_set_directory16(unsigned long type, const void *zValue);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Win32 Directory Types
**
** These macros are only available on Windows.  They define the allowed values
** for the type argument to the [sqlite3_win32_set_directory] interface.
*/
#define SQLITE_WIN32_DATA_DIRECTORY_TYPE  1
#define SQLITE_WIN32_TEMP_DIRECTORY_TYPE  2

/*
** CAPI3REF: Test For Auto-Commit Mode
** KEYWORDS: {autocommit mode}
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** ^The sqlite3_get_autocommit() interface returns non-zero or
** zero if the given database connection is or is not in autocommit mode,
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_FAULT_INSTALL            9
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_BENIGN_MALLOC_HOOKS     10
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_PENDING_BYTE            11
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ASSERT                  12
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ALWAYS                  13
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_RESERVE                 14
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_OPTIMIZATIONS           15
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ISKEYWORD               16  /* NOT USED */
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_SCRATCHMALLOC           17  /* NOT USED */
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_LOCALTIME_FAULT         18
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_EXPLAIN_STMT            19  /* NOT USED */
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ONCE_RESET_THRESHOLD    19
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_NEVER_CORRUPT           20
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_VDBE_COVERAGE           21
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_BYTEORDER               22
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ISINIT                  23
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_SORTER_MMAP             24
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_IMPOSTER                25
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_PARSER_COVERAGE         26
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_LAST                    26  /* Largest TESTCTRL */

/*
** CAPI3REF: SQL Keyword Checking
**
** These routines provide access to the set of SQL language keywords 
** recognized by SQLite.  Applications can uses these routines to determine
** whether or not a specific identifier needs to be escaped (for example,
** by enclosing in double-quotes) so as not to confuse the parser.
**
** The sqlite3_keyword_count() interface returns the number of distinct
** keywords understood by SQLite.
**
** The sqlite3_keyword_name(N,Z,L) interface finds the N-th keyword and
** makes *Z point to that keyword expressed as UTF8 and writes the number
** of bytes in the keyword into *L.  The string that *Z points to is not
** zero-terminated.  The sqlite3_keyword_name(N,Z,L) routine returns
** SQLITE_OK if N is within bounds and SQLITE_ERROR if not. If either Z
** or L are NULL or invalid pointers then calls to
** sqlite3_keyword_name(N,Z,L) result in undefined behavior.
**
** The sqlite3_keyword_check(Z,L) interface checks to see whether or not
** the L-byte UTF8 identifier that Z points to is a keyword, returning non-zero
** if it is and zero if not.
**
** The parser used by SQLite is forgiving.  It is often possible to use
** a keyword as an identifier as long as such use does not result in a
** parsing ambiguity.  For example, the statement
** "CREATE TABLE BEGIN(REPLACE,PRAGMA,END);" is accepted by SQLite, and
** creates a new table named "BEGIN" with three columns named
** "REPLACE", "PRAGMA", and "END".  Nevertheless, best practice is to avoid
** using keywords as identifiers.  Common techniques used to avoid keyword
** name collisions include:
** <ul>
** <li> Put all indentifier names inside double-quotes.  This is the official
**      SQL way to escape identifier names.
** <li> Put identifier names inside &#91;...&#93;.  This is not standard SQL,
**      but it is what SQL Server does and so lots of programmers use this
**      technique.
** <li> Begin every identifier with the letter "Z" as no SQL keywords start
**      with "Z".
** <li> Include a digit somewhere in every identifier name.
** </ul>
**
** Note that the number of keywords understood by SQLite can depend on
** compile-time options.  For example, "VACUUM" is not a keyword if
** SQLite is compiled with the [-DSQLITE_OMIT_VACUUM] option.  Also,
** new keywords may be added to future releases of SQLite.
*/
int sqlite3_keyword_count(void);
int sqlite3_keyword_name(int,const char**,int*);
int sqlite3_keyword_check(const char*,int);

/*
** CAPI3REF: SQLite Runtime Status
**
** ^These interfaces are used to retrieve runtime status information
** about the performance of SQLite, and optionally to reset various
** highwater marks.  ^The first argument is an integer code for
** the specific parameter to measure.  ^(Recognized integer codes

Changes to src/sqliteInt.h.

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** The default value of "20" was choosen to minimize the run-time of the
** speedtest1 test program with options: --shrink-memory --reprepare
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_DEFAULT_PCACHE_INITSZ
# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_PCACHE_INITSZ 20
#endif








/*
** The compile-time options SQLITE_MMAP_READWRITE and 
** SQLITE_ENABLE_BATCH_ATOMIC_WRITE are not compatible with one another.
** You must choose one or the other (or neither) but not both.
*/
#if defined(SQLITE_MMAP_READWRITE) && defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_BATCH_ATOMIC_WRITE)
#error Cannot use both SQLITE_MMAP_READWRITE and SQLITE_ENABLE_BATCH_ATOMIC_WRITE
................................................................................
typedef struct TableLock TableLock;
typedef struct Token Token;
typedef struct TreeView TreeView;
typedef struct Trigger Trigger;
typedef struct TriggerPrg TriggerPrg;
typedef struct TriggerStep TriggerStep;
typedef struct UnpackedRecord UnpackedRecord;

typedef struct VTable VTable;
typedef struct VtabCtx VtabCtx;
typedef struct Walker Walker;
typedef struct WhereInfo WhereInfo;
typedef struct With With;

/* A VList object records a mapping between parameters/variables/wildcards
................................................................................
  u8 bBenignMalloc;             /* Do not require OOMs if true */
  u8 dfltLockMode;              /* Default locking-mode for attached dbs */
  signed char nextAutovac;      /* Autovac setting after VACUUM if >=0 */
  u8 suppressErr;               /* Do not issue error messages if true */
  u8 vtabOnConflict;            /* Value to return for s3_vtab_on_conflict() */
  u8 isTransactionSavepoint;    /* True if the outermost savepoint is a TS */
  u8 mTrace;                    /* zero or more SQLITE_TRACE flags */
  u8 skipBtreeMutex;            /* True if no shared-cache backends */
  u8 nSqlExec;                  /* Number of pending OP_SqlExec opcodes */
  int nextPagesize;             /* Pagesize after VACUUM if >0 */
  u32 magic;                    /* Magic number for detect library misuse */
  int nChange;                  /* Value returned by sqlite3_changes() */
  int nTotalChange;             /* Value returned by sqlite3_total_changes() */
  int aLimit[SQLITE_N_LIMIT];   /* Limits */
  int nMaxSorterMmap;           /* Maximum size of regions mapped by sorter */
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_EnableTrigger  0x00040000  /* True to enable triggers */
#define SQLITE_DeferFKs       0x00080000  /* Defer all FK constraints */
#define SQLITE_QueryOnly      0x00100000  /* Disable database changes */
#define SQLITE_CellSizeCk     0x00200000  /* Check btree cell sizes on load */
#define SQLITE_Fts3Tokenizer  0x00400000  /* Enable fts3_tokenizer(2) */
#define SQLITE_EnableQPSG     0x00800000  /* Query Planner Stability Guarantee*/
#define SQLITE_TriggerEQP     0x01000000  /* Show trigger EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN */


/* Flags used only if debugging */
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
#define SQLITE_SqlTrace       0x08000000  /* Debug print SQL as it executes */
#define SQLITE_VdbeListing    0x10000000  /* Debug listings of VDBE programs */
#define SQLITE_VdbeTrace      0x20000000  /* True to trace VDBE execution */
#define SQLITE_VdbeAddopTrace 0x40000000  /* Trace sqlite3VdbeAddOp() calls */
................................................................................

/*
** Allowed values for sqlite3.mDbFlags
*/
#define DBFLAG_SchemaChange   0x0001  /* Uncommitted Hash table changes */
#define DBFLAG_PreferBuiltin  0x0002  /* Preference to built-in funcs */
#define DBFLAG_Vacuum         0x0004  /* Currently in a VACUUM */


/*
** Bits of the sqlite3.dbOptFlags field that are used by the
** sqlite3_test_control(SQLITE_TESTCTRL_OPTIMIZATIONS,...) interface to
** selectively disable various optimizations.
*/
#define SQLITE_QueryFlattener 0x0001   /* Query flattening */
................................................................................

/* Allowed values for Column.colFlags:
*/
#define COLFLAG_PRIMKEY  0x0001    /* Column is part of the primary key */
#define COLFLAG_HIDDEN   0x0002    /* A hidden column in a virtual table */
#define COLFLAG_HASTYPE  0x0004    /* Type name follows column name */
#define COLFLAG_UNIQUE   0x0008    /* Column def contains "UNIQUE" or "PK" */


/*
** A "Collating Sequence" is defined by an instance of the following
** structure. Conceptually, a collating sequence consists of a name and
** a comparison routine that defines the order of that sequence.
**
** If CollSeq.xCmp is NULL, it means that the
................................................................................
*/
#define OE_None     0   /* There is no constraint to check */
#define OE_Rollback 1   /* Fail the operation and rollback the transaction */
#define OE_Abort    2   /* Back out changes but do no rollback transaction */
#define OE_Fail     3   /* Stop the operation but leave all prior changes */
#define OE_Ignore   4   /* Ignore the error. Do not do the INSERT or UPDATE */
#define OE_Replace  5   /* Delete existing record, then do INSERT or UPDATE */


#define OE_Restrict 6   /* OE_Abort for IMMEDIATE, OE_Rollback for DEFERRED */
#define OE_SetNull  7   /* Set the foreign key value to NULL */
#define OE_SetDflt  8   /* Set the foreign key value to its default */
#define OE_Cascade  9   /* Cascade the changes */

#define OE_Default  10  /* Do whatever the default action is */


/*
** An instance of the following structure is passed as the first
** argument to sqlite3VdbeKeyCompare and is used to control the
** comparison of the two index keys.
**
................................................................................
    Expr *pExpr;            /* The parse tree for this expression */
    char *zName;            /* Token associated with this expression */
    char *zSpan;            /* Original text of the expression */
    u8 sortOrder;           /* 1 for DESC or 0 for ASC */
    unsigned done :1;       /* A flag to indicate when processing is finished */
    unsigned bSpanIsTab :1; /* zSpan holds DB.TABLE.COLUMN */
    unsigned reusable :1;   /* Constant expression is reusable */

    union {
      struct {
        u16 iOrderByCol;      /* For ORDER BY, column number in result set */
        u16 iAlias;           /* Index into Parse.aAlias[] for zName */
      } x;
      int iConstExprReg;      /* Register in which Expr value is cached */
    } u;
................................................................................
      unsigned notIndexed :1;    /* True if there is a NOT INDEXED clause */
      unsigned isIndexedBy :1;   /* True if there is an INDEXED BY clause */
      unsigned isTabFunc :1;     /* True if table-valued-function syntax */
      unsigned isCorrelated :1;  /* True if sub-query is correlated */
      unsigned viaCoroutine :1;  /* Implemented as a co-routine */
      unsigned isRecursive :1;   /* True for recursive reference in WITH */
    } fg;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
    u8 iSelectId;     /* If pSelect!=0, the id of the sub-select in EQP */
#endif
    int iCursor;      /* The VDBE cursor number used to access this table */
    Expr *pOn;        /* The ON clause of a join */
    IdList *pUsing;   /* The USING clause of a join */
    Bitmask colUsed;  /* Bit N (1<<N) set if column N of pTab is used */
    union {
      char *zIndexedBy;    /* Identifier from "INDEXED BY <zIndex>" clause */
      ExprList *pFuncArg;  /* Arguments to table-valued-function */
................................................................................
** NameContext in the parent query.  Thus the process of scanning the
** NameContext list corresponds to searching through successively outer
** subqueries looking for a match.
*/
struct NameContext {
  Parse *pParse;       /* The parser */
  SrcList *pSrcList;   /* One or more tables used to resolve names */

  ExprList *pEList;    /* Optional list of result-set columns */
  AggInfo *pAggInfo;   /* Information about aggregates at this level */


  NameContext *pNext;  /* Next outer name context.  NULL for outermost */
  int nRef;            /* Number of names resolved by this context */
  int nErr;            /* Number of errors encountered while resolving names */
  u16 ncFlags;         /* Zero or more NC_* flags defined below */
};

/*
................................................................................
#define NC_AllowAgg  0x0001  /* Aggregate functions are allowed here */
#define NC_PartIdx   0x0002  /* True if resolving a partial index WHERE */
#define NC_IsCheck   0x0004  /* True if resolving names in a CHECK constraint */
#define NC_InAggFunc 0x0008  /* True if analyzing arguments to an agg func */
#define NC_HasAgg    0x0010  /* One or more aggregate functions seen */
#define NC_IdxExpr   0x0020  /* True if resolving columns of CREATE INDEX */
#define NC_VarSelect 0x0040  /* A correlated subquery has been seen */



#define NC_MinMaxAgg 0x1000  /* min/max aggregates seen.  See note above */
#define NC_Complex   0x2000  /* True if a function or subquery seen */































/*
** An instance of the following structure contains all information
** needed to generate code for a single SELECT statement.
**
** nLimit is set to -1 if there is no LIMIT clause.  nOffset is set to 0.
** If there is a LIMIT clause, the parser sets nLimit to the value of the
** limit and nOffset to the value of the offset (or 0 if there is not
** offset).  But later on, nLimit and nOffset become the memory locations
** in the VDBE that record the limit and offset counters.
**
** addrOpenEphm[] entries contain the address of OP_OpenEphemeral opcodes.
** These addresses must be stored so that we can go back and fill in
** the P4_KEYINFO and P2 parameters later.  Neither the KeyInfo nor
** the number of columns in P2 can be computed at the same time
** as the OP_OpenEphm instruction is coded because not
** enough information about the compound query is known at that point.
................................................................................
#define SF_NestedFrom     0x00800  /* Part of a parenthesized FROM clause */
#define SF_MinMaxAgg      0x01000  /* Aggregate containing min() or max() */
#define SF_Recursive      0x02000  /* The recursive part of a recursive CTE */
#define SF_FixedLimit     0x04000  /* nSelectRow set by a constant LIMIT */
#define SF_MaybeConvert   0x08000  /* Need convertCompoundSelectToSubquery() */
#define SF_Converted      0x10000  /* By convertCompoundSelectToSubquery() */
#define SF_IncludeHidden  0x20000  /* Include hidden columns in output */
#define SF_ComplexResult  0x40000  /* Result set contains subquery or function */


/*
** The results of a SELECT can be distributed in several ways, as defined
** by one of the following macros.  The "SRT" prefix means "SELECT Result
** Type".
**
**     SRT_Union       Store results as a key in a temporary index
................................................................................
  u8 explain;               /* True if the EXPLAIN flag is found on the query */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  u8 declareVtab;           /* True if inside sqlite3_declare_vtab() */
  int nVtabLock;            /* Number of virtual tables to lock */
#endif
  int nHeight;              /* Expression tree height of current sub-select */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
  int iSelectId;            /* ID of current select for EXPLAIN output */
  int iNextSelectId;        /* Next available select ID for EXPLAIN output */
#endif
  VList *pVList;            /* Mapping between variable names and numbers */
  Vdbe *pReprepare;         /* VM being reprepared (sqlite3Reprepare()) */
  const char *zTail;        /* All SQL text past the last semicolon parsed */
  Table *pNewTable;         /* A table being constructed by CREATE TABLE */
  Trigger *pNewTrigger;     /* Trigger under construct by a CREATE TRIGGER */
  const char *zAuthContext; /* The 6th parameter to db->xAuth callbacks */
................................................................................
struct TriggerStep {
  u8 op;               /* One of TK_DELETE, TK_UPDATE, TK_INSERT, TK_SELECT */
  u8 orconf;           /* OE_Rollback etc. */
  Trigger *pTrig;      /* The trigger that this step is a part of */
  Select *pSelect;     /* SELECT statement or RHS of INSERT INTO SELECT ... */
  char *zTarget;       /* Target table for DELETE, UPDATE, INSERT */
  Expr *pWhere;        /* The WHERE clause for DELETE or UPDATE steps */
  ExprList *pExprList; /* SET clause for UPDATE. */
  IdList *pIdList;     /* Column names for INSERT */

  char *zSpan;         /* Original SQL text of this command */
  TriggerStep *pNext;  /* Next in the link-list */
  TriggerStep *pLast;  /* Last element in link-list. Valid for 1st elem only */
};

/*
** The following structure contains information used by the sqliteFix...
................................................................................
  void *pVdbeBranchArg;                                     /* 1st argument */
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_UNTESTABLE
  int (*xTestCallback)(int);        /* Invoked by sqlite3FaultSim() */
#endif
  int bLocaltimeFault;              /* True to fail localtime() calls */
  int iOnceResetThreshold;          /* When to reset OP_Once counters */

};

/*
** This macro is used inside of assert() statements to indicate that
** the assert is only valid on a well-formed database.  Instead of:
**
**     assert( X );
................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINCREMENT
  void sqlite3AutoincrementBegin(Parse *pParse);
  void sqlite3AutoincrementEnd(Parse *pParse);
#else
# define sqlite3AutoincrementBegin(X)
# define sqlite3AutoincrementEnd(X)
#endif
void sqlite3Insert(Parse*, SrcList*, Select*, IdList*, int);
void *sqlite3ArrayAllocate(sqlite3*,void*,int,int*,int*);
IdList *sqlite3IdListAppend(sqlite3*, IdList*, Token*);
int sqlite3IdListIndex(IdList*,const char*);
SrcList *sqlite3SrcListEnlarge(sqlite3*, SrcList*, int, int);
SrcList *sqlite3SrcListAppend(sqlite3*, SrcList*, Token*, Token*);
SrcList *sqlite3SrcListAppendFromTerm(Parse*, SrcList*, Token*, Token*,
                                      Token*, Select*, Expr*, IdList*);
................................................................................
Table *sqlite3SrcListLookup(Parse*, SrcList*);
int sqlite3IsReadOnly(Parse*, Table*, int);
void sqlite3OpenTable(Parse*, int iCur, int iDb, Table*, int);
#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_UPDATE_DELETE_LIMIT) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY)
Expr *sqlite3LimitWhere(Parse*,SrcList*,Expr*,ExprList*,Expr*,char*);
#endif
void sqlite3DeleteFrom(Parse*, SrcList*, Expr*, ExprList*, Expr*);
void sqlite3Update(Parse*, SrcList*, ExprList*,Expr*,int,ExprList*,Expr*);

WhereInfo *sqlite3WhereBegin(Parse*,SrcList*,Expr*,ExprList*,ExprList*,u16,int);
void sqlite3WhereEnd(WhereInfo*);
LogEst sqlite3WhereOutputRowCount(WhereInfo*);
int sqlite3WhereIsDistinct(WhereInfo*);
int sqlite3WhereIsOrdered(WhereInfo*);
int sqlite3WhereOrderedInnerLoop(WhereInfo*);
int sqlite3WhereIsSorted(WhereInfo*);
................................................................................
int sqlite3IsRowid(const char*);
void sqlite3GenerateRowDelete(
    Parse*,Table*,Trigger*,int,int,int,i16,u8,u8,u8,int);
void sqlite3GenerateRowIndexDelete(Parse*, Table*, int, int, int*, int);
int sqlite3GenerateIndexKey(Parse*, Index*, int, int, int, int*,Index*,int);
void sqlite3ResolvePartIdxLabel(Parse*,int);
void sqlite3GenerateConstraintChecks(Parse*,Table*,int*,int,int,int,int,
                                     u8,u8,int,int*,int*);
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_NULL_TRIM
  void sqlite3SetMakeRecordP5(Vdbe*,Table*);
#else
# define sqlite3SetMakeRecordP5(A,B)
#endif
void sqlite3CompleteInsertion(Parse*,Table*,int,int,int,int*,int,int,int);
int sqlite3OpenTableAndIndices(Parse*, Table*, int, u8, int, u8*, int*, int*);
................................................................................
                            int, int, int);
  void sqlite3CodeRowTriggerDirect(Parse *, Trigger *, Table *, int, int, int);
  void sqliteViewTriggers(Parse*, Table*, Expr*, int, ExprList*);
  void sqlite3DeleteTriggerStep(sqlite3*, TriggerStep*);
  TriggerStep *sqlite3TriggerSelectStep(sqlite3*,Select*,
                                        const char*,const char*);
  TriggerStep *sqlite3TriggerInsertStep(sqlite3*,Token*, IdList*,

                                        Select*,u8,const char*,const char*);
  TriggerStep *sqlite3TriggerUpdateStep(sqlite3*,Token*,ExprList*, Expr*, u8,
                                        const char*,const char*);
  TriggerStep *sqlite3TriggerDeleteStep(sqlite3*,Token*, Expr*,
                                        const char*,const char*);
  void sqlite3DeleteTrigger(sqlite3*, Trigger*);
  void sqlite3UnlinkAndDeleteTrigger(sqlite3*,int,const char*);
  u32 sqlite3TriggerColmask(Parse*,Trigger*,ExprList*,int,int,Table*,int);
................................................................................
void sqlite3ResolveSelectNames(Parse*, Select*, NameContext*);
void sqlite3ResolveSelfReference(Parse*,Table*,int,Expr*,ExprList*);
int sqlite3ResolveOrderGroupBy(Parse*, Select*, ExprList*, const char*);
void sqlite3ColumnDefault(Vdbe *, Table *, int, int);
void sqlite3AlterFinishAddColumn(Parse *, Token *);
void sqlite3AlterBeginAddColumn(Parse *, SrcList *);
CollSeq *sqlite3GetCollSeq(Parse*, u8, CollSeq *, const char*);
char sqlite3AffinityType(const char*, u8*);
void sqlite3Analyze(Parse*, Token*, Token*);
int sqlite3InvokeBusyHandler(BusyHandler*, sqlite3_file*);
int sqlite3FindDb(sqlite3*, Token*);
int sqlite3FindDbName(sqlite3 *, const char *);
int sqlite3AnalysisLoad(sqlite3*,int iDB);
void sqlite3DeleteIndexSamples(sqlite3*,Index*);
void sqlite3DefaultRowEst(Index*);
................................................................................
char sqlite3IndexColumnAffinity(sqlite3*, Index*, int);
#endif

/*
** The interface to the LEMON-generated parser
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_AMALGAMATION
  void *sqlite3ParserAlloc(void*(*)(u64));
  void sqlite3ParserFree(void*, void(*)(void*));
#endif
void sqlite3Parser(void*, int, Token, Parse*);
#ifdef YYTRACKMAXSTACKDEPTH
  int sqlite3ParserStackPeak(void*);
#endif

void sqlite3AutoLoadExtensions(sqlite3*);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION
  void sqlite3CloseExtensions(sqlite3*);
................................................................................
  With *sqlite3WithAdd(Parse*,With*,Token*,ExprList*,Select*);
  void sqlite3WithDelete(sqlite3*,With*);
  void sqlite3WithPush(Parse*, With*, u8);
#else
#define sqlite3WithPush(x,y,z)
#define sqlite3WithDelete(x,y)
#endif













/* Declarations for functions in fkey.c. All of these are replaced by
** no-op macros if OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY is defined. In this case no foreign
** key functionality is available. If OMIT_TRIGGER is defined but
** OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY is not, only some of the functions are no-oped. In
** this case foreign keys are parsed, but no other functionality is
** provided (enforcement of FK constraints requires the triggers sub-system).







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** The default value of "20" was choosen to minimize the run-time of the
** speedtest1 test program with options: --shrink-memory --reprepare
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_DEFAULT_PCACHE_INITSZ
# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_PCACHE_INITSZ 20
#endif

/*
** Default value for the SQLITE_CONFIG_SORTERREF_SIZE option.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_DEFAULT_SORTERREF_SIZE
# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_SORTERREF_SIZE 0x7fffffff
#endif

/*
** The compile-time options SQLITE_MMAP_READWRITE and 
** SQLITE_ENABLE_BATCH_ATOMIC_WRITE are not compatible with one another.
** You must choose one or the other (or neither) but not both.
*/
#if defined(SQLITE_MMAP_READWRITE) && defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_BATCH_ATOMIC_WRITE)
#error Cannot use both SQLITE_MMAP_READWRITE and SQLITE_ENABLE_BATCH_ATOMIC_WRITE
................................................................................
typedef struct TableLock TableLock;
typedef struct Token Token;
typedef struct TreeView TreeView;
typedef struct Trigger Trigger;
typedef struct TriggerPrg TriggerPrg;
typedef struct TriggerStep TriggerStep;
typedef struct UnpackedRecord UnpackedRecord;
typedef struct Upsert Upsert;
typedef struct VTable VTable;
typedef struct VtabCtx VtabCtx;
typedef struct Walker Walker;
typedef struct WhereInfo WhereInfo;
typedef struct With With;

/* A VList object records a mapping between parameters/variables/wildcards
................................................................................
  u8 bBenignMalloc;             /* Do not require OOMs if true */
  u8 dfltLockMode;              /* Default locking-mode for attached dbs */
  signed char nextAutovac;      /* Autovac setting after VACUUM if >=0 */
  u8 suppressErr;               /* Do not issue error messages if true */
  u8 vtabOnConflict;            /* Value to return for s3_vtab_on_conflict() */
  u8 isTransactionSavepoint;    /* True if the outermost savepoint is a TS */
  u8 mTrace;                    /* zero or more SQLITE_TRACE flags */
  u8 noSharedCache;             /* True if no shared-cache backends */
  u8 nSqlExec;                  /* Number of pending OP_SqlExec opcodes */
  int nextPagesize;             /* Pagesize after VACUUM if >0 */
  u32 magic;                    /* Magic number for detect library misuse */
  int nChange;                  /* Value returned by sqlite3_changes() */
  int nTotalChange;             /* Value returned by sqlite3_total_changes() */
  int aLimit[SQLITE_N_LIMIT];   /* Limits */
  int nMaxSorterMmap;           /* Maximum size of regions mapped by sorter */
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_EnableTrigger  0x00040000  /* True to enable triggers */
#define SQLITE_DeferFKs       0x00080000  /* Defer all FK constraints */
#define SQLITE_QueryOnly      0x00100000  /* Disable database changes */
#define SQLITE_CellSizeCk     0x00200000  /* Check btree cell sizes on load */
#define SQLITE_Fts3Tokenizer  0x00400000  /* Enable fts3_tokenizer(2) */
#define SQLITE_EnableQPSG     0x00800000  /* Query Planner Stability Guarantee*/
#define SQLITE_TriggerEQP     0x01000000  /* Show trigger EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN */
#define SQLITE_ResetDatabase  0x02000000  /* Reset the database */

/* Flags used only if debugging */
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
#define SQLITE_SqlTrace       0x08000000  /* Debug print SQL as it executes */
#define SQLITE_VdbeListing    0x10000000  /* Debug listings of VDBE programs */
#define SQLITE_VdbeTrace      0x20000000  /* True to trace VDBE execution */
#define SQLITE_VdbeAddopTrace 0x40000000  /* Trace sqlite3VdbeAddOp() calls */
................................................................................

/*
** Allowed values for sqlite3.mDbFlags
*/
#define DBFLAG_SchemaChange   0x0001  /* Uncommitted Hash table changes */
#define DBFLAG_PreferBuiltin  0x0002  /* Preference to built-in funcs */
#define DBFLAG_Vacuum         0x0004  /* Currently in a VACUUM */
#define DBFLAG_SchemaKnownOk  0x0008  /* Schema is known to be valid */

/*
** Bits of the sqlite3.dbOptFlags field that are used by the
** sqlite3_test_control(SQLITE_TESTCTRL_OPTIMIZATIONS,...) interface to
** selectively disable various optimizations.
*/
#define SQLITE_QueryFlattener 0x0001   /* Query flattening */
................................................................................

/* Allowed values for Column.colFlags:
*/
#define COLFLAG_PRIMKEY  0x0001    /* Column is part of the primary key */
#define COLFLAG_HIDDEN   0x0002    /* A hidden column in a virtual table */
#define COLFLAG_HASTYPE  0x0004    /* Type name follows column name */
#define COLFLAG_UNIQUE   0x0008    /* Column def contains "UNIQUE" or "PK" */
#define COLFLAG_SORTERREF 0x0010   /* Use sorter-refs with this column */

/*
** A "Collating Sequence" is defined by an instance of the following
** structure. Conceptually, a collating sequence consists of a name and
** a comparison routine that defines the order of that sequence.
**
** If CollSeq.xCmp is NULL, it means that the
................................................................................
*/
#define OE_None     0   /* There is no constraint to check */
#define OE_Rollback 1   /* Fail the operation and rollback the transaction */
#define OE_Abort    2   /* Back out changes but do no rollback transaction */
#define OE_Fail     3   /* Stop the operation but leave all prior changes */
#define OE_Ignore   4   /* Ignore the error. Do not do the INSERT or UPDATE */
#define OE_Replace  5   /* Delete existing record, then do INSERT or UPDATE */

#define OE_Update   6   /* Process as a DO UPDATE in an upsert */
#define OE_Restrict 7   /* OE_Abort for IMMEDIATE, OE_Rollback for DEFERRED */
#define OE_SetNull  8   /* Set the foreign key value to NULL */
#define OE_SetDflt  9   /* Set the foreign key value to its default */
#define OE_Cascade  10  /* Cascade the changes */

#define OE_Default  11  /* Do whatever the default action is */


/*
** An instance of the following structure is passed as the first
** argument to sqlite3VdbeKeyCompare and is used to control the
** comparison of the two index keys.
**
................................................................................
    Expr *pExpr;            /* The parse tree for this expression */
    char *zName;            /* Token associated with this expression */
    char *zSpan;            /* Original text of the expression */
    u8 sortOrder;           /* 1 for DESC or 0 for ASC */
    unsigned done :1;       /* A flag to indicate when processing is finished */
    unsigned bSpanIsTab :1; /* zSpan holds DB.TABLE.COLUMN */
    unsigned reusable :1;   /* Constant expression is reusable */
    unsigned bSorterRef :1; /* Defer evaluation until after sorting */
    union {
      struct {
        u16 iOrderByCol;      /* For ORDER BY, column number in result set */
        u16 iAlias;           /* Index into Parse.aAlias[] for zName */
      } x;
      int iConstExprReg;      /* Register in which Expr value is cached */
    } u;
................................................................................
      unsigned notIndexed :1;    /* True if there is a NOT INDEXED clause */
      unsigned isIndexedBy :1;   /* True if there is an INDEXED BY clause */
      unsigned isTabFunc :1;     /* True if table-valued-function syntax */
      unsigned isCorrelated :1;  /* True if sub-query is correlated */
      unsigned viaCoroutine :1;  /* Implemented as a co-routine */
      unsigned isRecursive :1;   /* True for recursive reference in WITH */
    } fg;



    int iCursor;      /* The VDBE cursor number used to access this table */
    Expr *pOn;        /* The ON clause of a join */
    IdList *pUsing;   /* The USING clause of a join */
    Bitmask colUsed;  /* Bit N (1<<N) set if column N of pTab is used */
    union {
      char *zIndexedBy;    /* Identifier from "INDEXED BY <zIndex>" clause */
      ExprList *pFuncArg;  /* Arguments to table-valued-function */
................................................................................
** NameContext in the parent query.  Thus the process of scanning the
** NameContext list corresponds to searching through successively outer
** subqueries looking for a match.
*/
struct NameContext {
  Parse *pParse;       /* The parser */
  SrcList *pSrcList;   /* One or more tables used to resolve names */
  union {
    ExprList *pEList;    /* Optional list of result-set columns */
    AggInfo *pAggInfo;   /* Information about aggregates at this level */
    Upsert *pUpsert;     /* ON CONFLICT clause information from an upsert */
  } uNC;
  NameContext *pNext;  /* Next outer name context.  NULL for outermost */
  int nRef;            /* Number of names resolved by this context */
  int nErr;            /* Number of errors encountered while resolving names */
  u16 ncFlags;         /* Zero or more NC_* flags defined below */
};

/*
................................................................................
#define NC_AllowAgg  0x0001  /* Aggregate functions are allowed here */
#define NC_PartIdx   0x0002  /* True if resolving a partial index WHERE */
#define NC_IsCheck   0x0004  /* True if resolving names in a CHECK constraint */
#define NC_InAggFunc 0x0008  /* True if analyzing arguments to an agg func */
#define NC_HasAgg    0x0010  /* One or more aggregate functions seen */
#define NC_IdxExpr   0x0020  /* True if resolving columns of CREATE INDEX */
#define NC_VarSelect 0x0040  /* A correlated subquery has been seen */
#define NC_UEList    0x0080  /* True if uNC.pEList is used */
#define NC_UAggInfo  0x0100  /* True if uNC.pAggInfo is used */
#define NC_UUpsert   0x0200  /* True if uNC.pUpsert is used */
#define NC_MinMaxAgg 0x1000  /* min/max aggregates seen.  See note above */
#define NC_Complex   0x2000  /* True if a function or subquery seen */

/*
** An instance of the following object describes a single ON CONFLICT
** clause in an upsert.
**
** The pUpsertTarget field is only set if the ON CONFLICT clause includes
** conflict-target clause.  (In "ON CONFLICT(a,b)" the "(a,b)" is the
** conflict-target clause.)  The pUpsertTargetWhere is the optional
** WHERE clause used to identify partial unique indexes.
**
** pUpsertSet is the list of column=expr terms of the UPDATE statement. 
** The pUpsertSet field is NULL for a ON CONFLICT DO NOTHING.  The
** pUpsertWhere is the WHERE clause for the UPDATE and is NULL if the
** WHERE clause is omitted.
*/
struct Upsert {
  ExprList *pUpsertTarget;  /* Optional description of conflicting index */
  Expr *pUpsertTargetWhere; /* WHERE clause for partial index targets */
  ExprList *pUpsertSet;     /* The SET clause from an ON CONFLICT UPDATE */
  Expr *pUpsertWhere;       /* WHERE clause for the ON CONFLICT UPDATE */
  /* The fields above comprise the parse tree for the upsert clause.
  ** The fields below are used to transfer information from the INSERT
  ** processing down into the UPDATE processing while generating code.
  ** Upsert owns the memory allocated above, but not the memory below. */
  Index *pUpsertIdx;        /* Constraint that pUpsertTarget identifies */
  SrcList *pUpsertSrc;      /* Table to be updated */
  int regData;              /* First register holding array of VALUES */
  int iDataCur;             /* Index of the data cursor */
  int iIdxCur;              /* Index of the first index cursor */
};

/*
** An instance of the following structure contains all information
** needed to generate code for a single SELECT statement.
**
** See the header comment on the computeLimitRegisters() routine for a
** detailed description of the meaning of the iLimit and iOffset fields.



**
** addrOpenEphm[] entries contain the address of OP_OpenEphemeral opcodes.
** These addresses must be stored so that we can go back and fill in
** the P4_KEYINFO and P2 parameters later.  Neither the KeyInfo nor
** the number of columns in P2 can be computed at the same time
** as the OP_OpenEphm instruction is coded because not
** enough information about the compound query is known at that point.
................................................................................
#define SF_NestedFrom     0x00800  /* Part of a parenthesized FROM clause */
#define SF_MinMaxAgg      0x01000  /* Aggregate containing min() or max() */
#define SF_Recursive      0x02000  /* The recursive part of a recursive CTE */
#define SF_FixedLimit     0x04000  /* nSelectRow set by a constant LIMIT */
#define SF_MaybeConvert   0x08000  /* Need convertCompoundSelectToSubquery() */
#define SF_Converted      0x10000  /* By convertCompoundSelectToSubquery() */
#define SF_IncludeHidden  0x20000  /* Include hidden columns in output */
#define SF_ComplexResult  0x40000  /* Result contains subquery or function */


/*
** The results of a SELECT can be distributed in several ways, as defined
** by one of the following macros.  The "SRT" prefix means "SELECT Result
** Type".
**
**     SRT_Union       Store results as a key in a temporary index
................................................................................
  u8 explain;               /* True if the EXPLAIN flag is found on the query */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  u8 declareVtab;           /* True if inside sqlite3_declare_vtab() */
  int nVtabLock;            /* Number of virtual tables to lock */
#endif
  int nHeight;              /* Expression tree height of current sub-select */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
  int addrExplain;          /* Address of current OP_Explain opcode */

#endif
  VList *pVList;            /* Mapping between variable names and numbers */
  Vdbe *pReprepare;         /* VM being reprepared (sqlite3Reprepare()) */
  const char *zTail;        /* All SQL text past the last semicolon parsed */
  Table *pNewTable;         /* A table being constructed by CREATE TABLE */
  Trigger *pNewTrigger;     /* Trigger under construct by a CREATE TRIGGER */
  const char *zAuthContext; /* The 6th parameter to db->xAuth callbacks */
................................................................................
struct TriggerStep {
  u8 op;               /* One of TK_DELETE, TK_UPDATE, TK_INSERT, TK_SELECT */
  u8 orconf;           /* OE_Rollback etc. */
  Trigger *pTrig;      /* The trigger that this step is a part of */
  Select *pSelect;     /* SELECT statement or RHS of INSERT INTO SELECT ... */
  char *zTarget;       /* Target table for DELETE, UPDATE, INSERT */
  Expr *pWhere;        /* The WHERE clause for DELETE or UPDATE steps */
  ExprList *pExprList; /* SET clause for UPDATE */
  IdList *pIdList;     /* Column names for INSERT */
  Upsert *pUpsert;     /* Upsert clauses on an INSERT */
  char *zSpan;         /* Original SQL text of this command */
  TriggerStep *pNext;  /* Next in the link-list */
  TriggerStep *pLast;  /* Last element in link-list. Valid for 1st elem only */
};

/*
** The following structure contains information used by the sqliteFix...
................................................................................
  void *pVdbeBranchArg;                                     /* 1st argument */
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_UNTESTABLE
  int (*xTestCallback)(int);        /* Invoked by sqlite3FaultSim() */
#endif
  int bLocaltimeFault;              /* True to fail localtime() calls */
  int iOnceResetThreshold;          /* When to reset OP_Once counters */
  u32 szSorterRef;                  /* Min size in bytes to use sorter-refs */
};

/*
** This macro is used inside of assert() statements to indicate that
** the assert is only valid on a well-formed database.  Instead of:
**
**     assert( X );
................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINCREMENT
  void sqlite3AutoincrementBegin(Parse *pParse);
  void sqlite3AutoincrementEnd(Parse *pParse);
#else
# define sqlite3AutoincrementBegin(X)
# define sqlite3AutoincrementEnd(X)
#endif
void sqlite3Insert(Parse*, SrcList*, Select*, IdList*, int, Upsert*);
void *sqlite3ArrayAllocate(sqlite3*,void*,int,int*,int*);
IdList *sqlite3IdListAppend(sqlite3*, IdList*, Token*);
int sqlite3IdListIndex(IdList*,const char*);
SrcList *sqlite3SrcListEnlarge(sqlite3*, SrcList*, int, int);
SrcList *sqlite3SrcListAppend(sqlite3*, SrcList*, Token*, Token*);
SrcList *sqlite3SrcListAppendFromTerm(Parse*, SrcList*, Token*, Token*,
                                      Token*, Select*, Expr*, IdList*);
................................................................................
Table *sqlite3SrcListLookup(Parse*, SrcList*);
int sqlite3IsReadOnly(Parse*, Table*, int);
void sqlite3OpenTable(Parse*, int iCur, int iDb, Table*, int);
#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_UPDATE_DELETE_LIMIT) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY)
Expr *sqlite3LimitWhere(Parse*,SrcList*,Expr*,ExprList*,Expr*,char*);
#endif
void sqlite3DeleteFrom(Parse*, SrcList*, Expr*, ExprList*, Expr*);
void sqlite3Update(Parse*, SrcList*, ExprList*,Expr*,int,ExprList*,Expr*,
                   Upsert*);
WhereInfo *sqlite3WhereBegin(Parse*,SrcList*,Expr*,ExprList*,ExprList*,u16,int);
void sqlite3WhereEnd(WhereInfo*);
LogEst sqlite3WhereOutputRowCount(WhereInfo*);
int sqlite3WhereIsDistinct(WhereInfo*);
int sqlite3WhereIsOrdered(WhereInfo*);
int sqlite3WhereOrderedInnerLoop(WhereInfo*);
int sqlite3WhereIsSorted(WhereInfo*);
................................................................................
int sqlite3IsRowid(const char*);
void sqlite3GenerateRowDelete(
    Parse*,Table*,Trigger*,int,int,int,i16,u8,u8,u8,int);
void sqlite3GenerateRowIndexDelete(Parse*, Table*, int, int, int*, int);
int sqlite3GenerateIndexKey(Parse*, Index*, int, int, int, int*,Index*,int);
void sqlite3ResolvePartIdxLabel(Parse*,int);
void sqlite3GenerateConstraintChecks(Parse*,Table*,int*,int,int,int,int,
                                     u8,u8,int,int*,int*,Upsert*);
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_NULL_TRIM
  void sqlite3SetMakeRecordP5(Vdbe*,Table*);
#else
# define sqlite3SetMakeRecordP5(A,B)
#endif
void sqlite3CompleteInsertion(Parse*,Table*,int,int,int,int*,int,int,int);
int sqlite3OpenTableAndIndices(Parse*, Table*, int, u8, int, u8*, int*, int*);
................................................................................
                            int, int, int);
  void sqlite3CodeRowTriggerDirect(Parse *, Trigger *, Table *, int, int, int);
  void sqliteViewTriggers(Parse*, Table*, Expr*, int, ExprList*);
  void sqlite3DeleteTriggerStep(sqlite3*, TriggerStep*);
  TriggerStep *sqlite3TriggerSelectStep(sqlite3*,Select*,
                                        const char*,const char*);
  TriggerStep *sqlite3TriggerInsertStep(sqlite3*,Token*, IdList*,
                                        Select*,u8,Upsert*,
                                        const char*,const char*);
  TriggerStep *sqlite3TriggerUpdateStep(sqlite3*,Token*,ExprList*, Expr*, u8,
                                        const char*,const char*);
  TriggerStep *sqlite3TriggerDeleteStep(sqlite3*,Token*, Expr*,
                                        const char*,const char*);
  void sqlite3DeleteTrigger(sqlite3*, Trigger*);
  void sqlite3UnlinkAndDeleteTrigger(sqlite3*,int,const char*);
  u32 sqlite3TriggerColmask(Parse*,Trigger*,ExprList*,int,int,Table*,int);
................................................................................
void sqlite3ResolveSelectNames(Parse*, Select*, NameContext*);
void sqlite3ResolveSelfReference(Parse*,Table*,int,Expr*,ExprList*);
int sqlite3ResolveOrderGroupBy(Parse*, Select*, ExprList*, const char*);
void sqlite3ColumnDefault(Vdbe *, Table *, int, int);
void sqlite3AlterFinishAddColumn(Parse *, Token *);
void sqlite3AlterBeginAddColumn(Parse *, SrcList *);
CollSeq *sqlite3GetCollSeq(Parse*, u8, CollSeq *, const char*);
char sqlite3AffinityType(const char*, Column*);
void sqlite3Analyze(Parse*, Token*, Token*);
int sqlite3InvokeBusyHandler(BusyHandler*, sqlite3_file*);
int sqlite3FindDb(sqlite3*, Token*);
int sqlite3FindDbName(sqlite3 *, const char *);
int sqlite3AnalysisLoad(sqlite3*,int iDB);
void sqlite3DeleteIndexSamples(sqlite3*,Index*);
void sqlite3DefaultRowEst(Index*);
................................................................................
char sqlite3IndexColumnAffinity(sqlite3*, Index*, int);
#endif

/*
** The interface to the LEMON-generated parser
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_AMALGAMATION
  void *sqlite3ParserAlloc(void*(*)(u64), Parse*);
  void sqlite3ParserFree(void*, void(*)(void*));
#endif
void sqlite3Parser(void*, int, Token);
#ifdef YYTRACKMAXSTACKDEPTH
  int sqlite3ParserStackPeak(void*);
#endif

void sqlite3AutoLoadExtensions(sqlite3*);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION
  void sqlite3CloseExtensions(sqlite3*);
................................................................................
  With *sqlite3WithAdd(Parse*,With*,Token*,ExprList*,Select*);
  void sqlite3WithDelete(sqlite3*,With*);
  void sqlite3WithPush(Parse*, With*, u8);
#else
#define sqlite3WithPush(x,y,z)
#define sqlite3WithDelete(x,y)
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_UPSERT
  Upsert *sqlite3UpsertNew(sqlite3*,ExprList*,Expr*,ExprList*,Expr*);
  void sqlite3UpsertDelete(sqlite3*,Upsert*);
  Upsert *sqlite3UpsertDup(sqlite3*,Upsert*);
  int sqlite3UpsertAnalyzeTarget(Parse*,SrcList*,Upsert*);
  void sqlite3UpsertDoUpdate(Parse*,Upsert*,Table*,Index*,int);
#else
#define sqlite3UpsertNew(v,w,x,y,z) ((Upsert*)0)
#define sqlite3UpsertDelete(x,y)
#define sqlite3UpsertDup(x,y)       ((Upsert*)0)
#endif


/* Declarations for functions in fkey.c. All of these are replaced by
** no-op macros if OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY is defined. In this case no foreign
** key functionality is available. If OMIT_TRIGGER is defined but
** OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY is not, only some of the functions are no-oped. In
** this case foreign keys are parsed, but no other functionality is
** provided (enforcement of FK constraints requires the triggers sub-system).

Changes to src/test1.c.

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2258
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....
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    Tcl_WrongNumArgs(interp, 1, objv, "");
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  sqlite3_config(SQLITE_CONFIG_SQLLOG, 0, 0);
  return TCL_OK;
}
#endif






















/*
** Usage: vfs_current_time_int64
**
** Return the value returned by the default VFS's xCurrentTimeInt64 method.
*/
static int SQLITE_TCLAPI vfsCurrentTimeInt64(
................................................................................
  } aSetting[] = {
    { "FKEY",            SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_FKEY },
    { "TRIGGER",         SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_TRIGGER },
    { "FTS3_TOKENIZER",  SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_FTS3_TOKENIZER },
    { "LOAD_EXTENSION",  SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_LOAD_EXTENSION },
    { "NO_CKPT_ON_CLOSE",SQLITE_DBCONFIG_NO_CKPT_ON_CLOSE },
    { "QPSG",            SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_QPSG },


  };
  int i;
  int v;
  const char *zSetting;
  sqlite3 *db;

  if( objc!=4 ){
................................................................................
     { "sqlite3_snapshot_get_blob", test_snapshot_get_blob, 0 },
     { "sqlite3_snapshot_open_blob", test_snapshot_open_blob, 0 },
     { "sqlite3_snapshot_cmp_blob", test_snapshot_cmp_blob, 0 },
#endif
     { "sqlite3_delete_database", test_delete_database,    0 },
     { "atomic_batch_write",      test_atomic_batch_write, 0 },
     { "sqlite3_mmap_warm",       test_mmap_warm,          0 },

  };
  static int bitmask_size = sizeof(Bitmask)*8;
  static int longdouble_size = sizeof(LONGDOUBLE_TYPE);
  int i;
  extern int sqlite3_sync_count, sqlite3_fullsync_count;
  extern int sqlite3_opentemp_count;
  extern int sqlite3_like_count;







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>







 







>







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    Tcl_WrongNumArgs(interp, 1, objv, "");
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  sqlite3_config(SQLITE_CONFIG_SQLLOG, 0, 0);
  return TCL_OK;
}
#endif

/*
** Usage:  sqlite3_config_sorterref
**
** Set the SQLITE_CONFIG_SORTERREF_SIZE configuration option
*/
static int SQLITE_TCLAPI test_config_sorterref(
  void * clientData,
  Tcl_Interp *interp,
  int objc,
  Tcl_Obj *CONST objv[]
){
  int iVal;
  if( objc!=2 ){
    Tcl_WrongNumArgs(interp, 1, objv, "NBYTE");
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  if( Tcl_GetIntFromObj(interp, objv[1], &iVal) ) return TCL_ERROR;
  sqlite3_config(SQLITE_CONFIG_SORTERREF_SIZE, iVal);
  return TCL_OK;
}

/*
** Usage: vfs_current_time_int64
**
** Return the value returned by the default VFS's xCurrentTimeInt64 method.
*/
static int SQLITE_TCLAPI vfsCurrentTimeInt64(
................................................................................
  } aSetting[] = {
    { "FKEY",            SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_FKEY },
    { "TRIGGER",         SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_TRIGGER },
    { "FTS3_TOKENIZER",  SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_FTS3_TOKENIZER },
    { "LOAD_EXTENSION",  SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_LOAD_EXTENSION },
    { "NO_CKPT_ON_CLOSE",SQLITE_DBCONFIG_NO_CKPT_ON_CLOSE },
    { "QPSG",            SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_QPSG },
    { "TRIGGER_EQP",     SQLITE_DBCONFIG_TRIGGER_EQP },
    { "RESET_DB",        SQLITE_DBCONFIG_RESET_DATABASE },
  };
  int i;
  int v;
  const char *zSetting;
  sqlite3 *db;

  if( objc!=4 ){
................................................................................
     { "sqlite3_snapshot_get_blob", test_snapshot_get_blob, 0 },
     { "sqlite3_snapshot_open_blob", test_snapshot_open_blob, 0 },
     { "sqlite3_snapshot_cmp_blob", test_snapshot_cmp_blob, 0 },
#endif
     { "sqlite3_delete_database", test_delete_database,    0 },
     { "atomic_batch_write",      test_atomic_batch_write, 0 },
     { "sqlite3_mmap_warm",       test_mmap_warm,          0 },
     { "sqlite3_config_sorterref", test_config_sorterref,   0 },
  };
  static int bitmask_size = sizeof(Bitmask)*8;
  static int longdouble_size = sizeof(LONGDOUBLE_TYPE);
  int i;
  extern int sqlite3_sync_count, sqlite3_fullsync_count;
  extern int sqlite3_opentemp_count;
  extern int sqlite3_like_count;

Changes to src/tokenize.c.

492
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  }
  pParse->rc = SQLITE_OK;
  pParse->zTail = zSql;
  assert( pzErrMsg!=0 );
  /* sqlite3ParserTrace(stdout, "parser: "); */
#ifdef sqlite3Parser_ENGINEALWAYSONSTACK
  pEngine = &sEngine;
  sqlite3ParserInit(pEngine);
#else
  pEngine = sqlite3ParserAlloc(sqlite3Malloc);
  if( pEngine==0 ){
    sqlite3OomFault(db);
    return SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
  }
#endif
  assert( pParse->pNewTable==0 );
  assert( pParse->pNewTrigger==0 );
................................................................................
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "unrecognized token: \"%.*s\"", n, zSql);
        break;
      }
      zSql += n;
    }else{
      pParse->sLastToken.z = zSql;
      pParse->sLastToken.n = n;
      sqlite3Parser(pEngine, tokenType, pParse->sLastToken, pParse);
      lastTokenParsed = tokenType;
      zSql += n;
      if( pParse->rc!=SQLITE_OK || db->mallocFailed ) break;
    }
  }
  assert( nErr==0 );
  pParse->zTail = zSql;







|

|







 







|







492
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  }
  pParse->rc = SQLITE_OK;
  pParse->zTail = zSql;
  assert( pzErrMsg!=0 );
  /* sqlite3ParserTrace(stdout, "parser: "); */
#ifdef sqlite3Parser_ENGINEALWAYSONSTACK
  pEngine = &sEngine;
  sqlite3ParserInit(pEngine, pParse);
#else
  pEngine = sqlite3ParserAlloc(sqlite3Malloc, pParse);
  if( pEngine==0 ){
    sqlite3OomFault(db);
    return SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
  }
#endif
  assert( pParse->pNewTable==0 );
  assert( pParse->pNewTrigger==0 );
................................................................................
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "unrecognized token: \"%.*s\"", n, zSql);
        break;
      }
      zSql += n;
    }else{
      pParse->sLastToken.z = zSql;
      pParse->sLastToken.n = n;
      sqlite3Parser(pEngine, tokenType, pParse->sLastToken);
      lastTokenParsed = tokenType;
      zSql += n;
      if( pParse->rc!=SQLITE_OK || db->mallocFailed ) break;
    }
  }
  assert( nErr==0 );
  pParse->zTail = zSql;

Changes to src/treeview.c.

58
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64

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  sqlite3StrAccumInit(&acc, 0, zBuf, sizeof(zBuf), 0);
  if( p ){
    for(i=0; i<p->iLevel && i<sizeof(p->bLine)-1; i++){
      sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&acc, p->bLine[i] ? "|   " : "    ", 4);
    }
    sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&acc, p->bLine[i] ? "|-- " : "'-- ", 4);
  }

  va_start(ap, zFormat);
  sqlite3VXPrintf(&acc, zFormat, ap);
  va_end(ap);
  assert( acc.nChar>0 );
  if( zBuf[acc.nChar-1]!='\n' ) sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&acc, "\n", 1);

  sqlite3StrAccumFinish(&acc);
  fprintf(stdout,"%s", zBuf);
  fflush(stdout);
}

/*
** Shorthand for starting a new tree item that consists of a single label
................................................................................
    sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "%s (empty)", zLabel);
  }else{
    int i;
    sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "%s", zLabel);
    for(i=0; i<pList->nExpr; i++){
      int j = pList->a[i].u.x.iOrderByCol;
      char *zName = pList->a[i].zName;

      if( j || zName ){
        sqlite3TreeViewPush(pView, 0);
      }


      if( zName ){
        sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "AS %s", zName);

      }
      if( j ){
        sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "iOrderByCol=%d", j);
      }



      sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, pList->a[i].pExpr, i<pList->nExpr-1);
      if( j || zName ){
        sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
      }
    }
  }
}
void sqlite3TreeViewExprList(







>




|
>







 







>

|
<
>
>
|
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>
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>
>
>
|







58
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562
  sqlite3StrAccumInit(&acc, 0, zBuf, sizeof(zBuf), 0);
  if( p ){
    for(i=0; i<p->iLevel && i<sizeof(p->bLine)-1; i++){
      sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&acc, p->bLine[i] ? "|   " : "    ", 4);
    }
    sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&acc, p->bLine[i] ? "|-- " : "'-- ", 4);
  }
  if( zFormat!=0 ){
    va_start(ap, zFormat);
    sqlite3VXPrintf(&acc, zFormat, ap);
    va_end(ap);
    assert( acc.nChar>0 );
    sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&acc, "\n", 1);
  }
  sqlite3StrAccumFinish(&acc);
  fprintf(stdout,"%s", zBuf);
  fflush(stdout);
}

/*
** Shorthand for starting a new tree item that consists of a single label
................................................................................
    sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "%s (empty)", zLabel);
  }else{
    int i;
    sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "%s", zLabel);
    for(i=0; i<pList->nExpr; i++){
      int j = pList->a[i].u.x.iOrderByCol;
      char *zName = pList->a[i].zName;
      int moreToFollow = i<pList->nExpr - 1;
      if( j || zName ){
        sqlite3TreeViewPush(pView, moreToFollow);

        moreToFollow = 0;
        sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, 0);
        if( zName ){

          fprintf(stdout, "AS %s ", zName);
        }
        if( j ){
          fprintf(stdout, "iOrderByCol=%d", j);
        }
        fprintf(stdout, "\n");
        fflush(stdout);
      }
      sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, pList->a[i].pExpr, moreToFollow);
      if( j || zName ){
        sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
      }
    }
  }
}
void sqlite3TreeViewExprList(

Changes to src/trigger.c.

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28
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433
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756
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759
760
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765
    TriggerStep * pTmp = pTriggerStep;
    pTriggerStep = pTriggerStep->pNext;

    sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pTmp->pWhere);
    sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, pTmp->pExprList);
    sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pTmp->pSelect);
    sqlite3IdListDelete(db, pTmp->pIdList);

    sqlite3DbFree(db, pTmp->zSpan);

    sqlite3DbFree(db, pTmp);
  }
}

/*
................................................................................
*/
TriggerStep *sqlite3TriggerInsertStep(
  sqlite3 *db,        /* The database connection */
  Token *pTableName,  /* Name of the table into which we insert */
  IdList *pColumn,    /* List of columns in pTableName to insert into */
  Select *pSelect,    /* A SELECT statement that supplies values */
  u8 orconf,          /* The conflict algorithm (OE_Abort, OE_Replace, etc.) */

  const char *zStart, /* Start of SQL text */
  const char *zEnd    /* End of SQL text */
){
  TriggerStep *pTriggerStep;

  assert(pSelect != 0 || db->mallocFailed);

  pTriggerStep = triggerStepAllocate(db, TK_INSERT, pTableName, zStart, zEnd);
  if( pTriggerStep ){
    pTriggerStep->pSelect = sqlite3SelectDup(db, pSelect, EXPRDUP_REDUCE);
    pTriggerStep->pIdList = pColumn;

    pTriggerStep->orconf = orconf;
  }else{

    sqlite3IdListDelete(db, pColumn);


  }
  sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pSelect);

  return pTriggerStep;
}

/*
................................................................................

    switch( pStep->op ){
      case TK_UPDATE: {
        sqlite3Update(pParse, 
          targetSrcList(pParse, pStep),
          sqlite3ExprListDup(db, pStep->pExprList, 0), 
          sqlite3ExprDup(db, pStep->pWhere, 0), 
          pParse->eOrconf, 0, 0
        );
        break;
      }
      case TK_INSERT: {
        sqlite3Insert(pParse, 
          targetSrcList(pParse, pStep),
          sqlite3SelectDup(db, pStep->pSelect, 0), 
          sqlite3IdListDup(db, pStep->pIdList), 
          pParse->eOrconf

        );
        break;
      }
      case TK_DELETE: {
        sqlite3DeleteFrom(pParse, 
          targetSrcList(pParse, pStep),
          sqlite3ExprDup(db, pStep->pWhere, 0), 0, 0







>







 







>











>


>

>
>







 







|








|
>







21
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    TriggerStep * pTmp = pTriggerStep;
    pTriggerStep = pTriggerStep->pNext;

    sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pTmp->pWhere);
    sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, pTmp->pExprList);
    sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pTmp->pSelect);
    sqlite3IdListDelete(db, pTmp->pIdList);
    sqlite3UpsertDelete(db, pTmp->pUpsert);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pTmp->zSpan);

    sqlite3DbFree(db, pTmp);
  }
}

/*
................................................................................
*/
TriggerStep *sqlite3TriggerInsertStep(
  sqlite3 *db,        /* The database connection */
  Token *pTableName,  /* Name of the table into which we insert */
  IdList *pColumn,    /* List of columns in pTableName to insert into */
  Select *pSelect,    /* A SELECT statement that supplies values */
  u8 orconf,          /* The conflict algorithm (OE_Abort, OE_Replace, etc.) */
  Upsert *pUpsert,    /* ON CONFLICT clauses for upsert */
  const char *zStart, /* Start of SQL text */
  const char *zEnd    /* End of SQL text */
){
  TriggerStep *pTriggerStep;

  assert(pSelect != 0 || db->mallocFailed);

  pTriggerStep = triggerStepAllocate(db, TK_INSERT, pTableName, zStart, zEnd);
  if( pTriggerStep ){
    pTriggerStep->pSelect = sqlite3SelectDup(db, pSelect, EXPRDUP_REDUCE);
    pTriggerStep->pIdList = pColumn;
    pTriggerStep->pUpsert = pUpsert;
    pTriggerStep->orconf = orconf;
  }else{
    testcase( pColumn );
    sqlite3IdListDelete(db, pColumn);
    testcase( pUpsert );
    sqlite3UpsertDelete(db, pUpsert);
  }
  sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pSelect);

  return pTriggerStep;
}

/*
................................................................................

    switch( pStep->op ){
      case TK_UPDATE: {
        sqlite3Update(pParse, 
          targetSrcList(pParse, pStep),
          sqlite3ExprListDup(db, pStep->pExprList, 0), 
          sqlite3ExprDup(db, pStep->pWhere, 0), 
          pParse->eOrconf, 0, 0, 0
        );
        break;
      }
      case TK_INSERT: {
        sqlite3Insert(pParse, 
          targetSrcList(pParse, pStep),
          sqlite3SelectDup(db, pStep->pSelect, 0), 
          sqlite3IdListDup(db, pStep->pIdList), 
          pParse->eOrconf,
          sqlite3UpsertDup(db, pStep->pUpsert)
        );
        break;
      }
      case TK_DELETE: {
        sqlite3DeleteFrom(pParse, 
          targetSrcList(pParse, pStep),
          sqlite3ExprDup(db, pStep->pWhere, 0), 0, 0

Changes to src/update.c.

89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96

97
98
99
100
101
102
103
...
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205

206
207

208
209
210
211
212







213
214
215
216
217
218
219
...
222
223
224
225
226
227
228


229
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233
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235
...
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326
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328
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332
333
334
335
336
337
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339
...
376
377
378
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382




383

384



385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396

397
398
399
400
401
402
403











404
405
406
407
408
409
410
...
422
423
424
425
426
427
428


429
430
431
432
433
434
435


436
437
438
439
440
441
442
...
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
456
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461
462
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464
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466
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485
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493
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497
498
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501
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503
504
...
509
510
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512
513
514
515
516

517
518
519
520
521
522
523
524
525
...
575
576
577
578
579
580
581






582
583
584
585
586
587
588
...
603
604
605
606
607
608
609

610
611
612
613



614
615
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619
620
...
622
623
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636
...
692
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...
719
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736
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...
849
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865
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871
void sqlite3Update(
  Parse *pParse,         /* The parser context */
  SrcList *pTabList,     /* The table in which we should change things */
  ExprList *pChanges,    /* Things to be changed */
  Expr *pWhere,          /* The WHERE clause.  May be null */
  int onError,           /* How to handle constraint errors */
  ExprList *pOrderBy,    /* ORDER BY clause. May be null */
  Expr *pLimit           /* LIMIT clause. May be null */

){
  int i, j;              /* Loop counters */
  Table *pTab;           /* The table to be updated */
  int addrTop = 0;       /* VDBE instruction address of the start of the loop */
  WhereInfo *pWInfo;     /* Information about the WHERE clause */
  Vdbe *v;               /* The virtual database engine */
  Index *pIdx;           /* For looping over indices */
................................................................................
  }

  /* Allocate a cursors for the main database table and for all indices.
  ** The index cursors might not be used, but if they are used they
  ** need to occur right after the database cursor.  So go ahead and
  ** allocate enough space, just in case.
  */
  pTabList->a[0].iCursor = iBaseCur = iDataCur = pParse->nTab++;
  iIdxCur = iDataCur+1;
  pPk = HasRowid(pTab) ? 0 : sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pTab);

  for(nIdx=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, nIdx++){
    if( IsPrimaryKeyIndex(pIdx) && pPk!=0 ){

      iDataCur = pParse->nTab;
      pTabList->a[0].iCursor = iDataCur;
    }
    pParse->nTab++;
  }








  /* Allocate space for aXRef[], aRegIdx[], and aToOpen[].  
  ** Initialize aXRef[] and aToOpen[] to their default values.
  */
  aXRef = sqlite3DbMallocRawNN(db, sizeof(int) * (pTab->nCol+nIdx) + nIdx+2 );
  if( aXRef==0 ) goto update_cleanup;
  aRegIdx = aXRef+pTab->nCol;
................................................................................
  aToOpen[nIdx+1] = 0;
  for(i=0; i<pTab->nCol; i++) aXRef[i] = -1;

  /* Initialize the name-context */
  memset(&sNC, 0, sizeof(sNC));
  sNC.pParse = pParse;
  sNC.pSrcList = pTabList;



  /* Resolve the column names in all the expressions of the
  ** of the UPDATE statement.  Also find the column index
  ** for each column to be updated in the pChanges array.  For each
  ** column to be updated, make sure we have authorization to change
  ** that column.
  */
................................................................................
    memset(aToOpen, 1, nIdx+1);
  }

  /* Begin generating code. */
  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( v==0 ) goto update_cleanup;
  if( pParse->nested==0 ) sqlite3VdbeCountChanges(v);
  sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 1, iDb);

  /* Allocate required registers. */
  if( !IsVirtual(pTab) ){
    regRowSet = ++pParse->nMem;
    regOldRowid = regNewRowid = ++pParse->nMem;
    if( chngPk || pTrigger || hasFK ){
      regOld = pParse->nMem + 1;
................................................................................
  if( IsVirtual(pTab) ){
    updateVirtualTable(pParse, pTabList, pTab, pChanges, pRowidExpr, aXRef,
                       pWhere, onError);
    goto update_cleanup;
  }
#endif





  /* Initialize the count of updated rows */

  if( (db->flags & SQLITE_CountRows) && !pParse->pTriggerTab ){



    regRowCount = ++pParse->nMem;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, regRowCount);
  }

  if( HasRowid(pTab) ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Null, 0, regRowSet, regOldRowid);
  }else{
    assert( pPk!=0 );
    nPk = pPk->nKeyCol;
    iPk = pParse->nMem+1;
    pParse->nMem += nPk;
    regKey = ++pParse->nMem;

    iEph = pParse->nTab++;

    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Null, 0, iPk, iPk+nPk-1);
    addrOpen = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_OpenEphemeral, iEph, nPk);
    sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(pParse, pPk);
  }












  /* Begin the database scan. 
  **
  ** Do not consider a single-pass strategy for a multi-row update if
  ** there are any triggers or foreign keys to process, or rows may
  ** be deleted as a result of REPLACE conflict handling. Any of these
  ** things might disturb a cursor being used to scan through the table
  ** or index, causing a single-pass approach to malfunction.  */
................................................................................
  **
  **   UPDATE t1 SET b=b+1 WHERE b>?
  **
  ** Fall back to ONEPASS_OFF if where.c has selected a ONEPASS_MULTI
  ** strategy that uses an index for which one or more columns are being
  ** updated.  */
  eOnePass = sqlite3WhereOkOnePass(pWInfo, aiCurOnePass);


  if( eOnePass==ONEPASS_MULTI ){
    int iCur = aiCurOnePass[1];
    if( iCur>=0 && iCur!=iDataCur && aToOpen[iCur-iBaseCur] ){
      eOnePass = ONEPASS_OFF;
    }
    assert( iCur!=iDataCur || !HasRowid(pTab) );
  }


  
  if( HasRowid(pTab) ){
    /* Read the rowid of the current row of the WHERE scan. In ONEPASS_OFF
    ** mode, write the rowid into the FIFO. In either of the one-pass modes,
    ** leave it in register regOldRowid.  */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rowid, iDataCur, regOldRowid);
    if( eOnePass==ONEPASS_OFF ){
................................................................................
    ** the OP_OpenEphemeral instruction to a Noop (the ephemeral table 
    ** is not required) and leave the PK fields in the array of registers.  */
    for(i=0; i<nPk; i++){
      assert( pPk->aiColumn[i]>=0 );
      sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, iDataCur,pPk->aiColumn[i],iPk+i);
    }
    if( eOnePass ){
      sqlite3VdbeChangeToNoop(v, addrOpen);
      nKey = nPk;
      regKey = iPk;
    }else{
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, iPk, nPk, regKey,
                        sqlite3IndexAffinityStr(db, pPk), nPk);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_IdxInsert, iEph, regKey, iPk, nPk);
    }
  }


  if( eOnePass!=ONEPASS_MULTI ){
    sqlite3WhereEnd(pWInfo);
  }

  labelBreak = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
  if( !isView ){
    int addrOnce = 0;

    /* Open every index that needs updating. */
    if( eOnePass!=ONEPASS_OFF ){
      if( aiCurOnePass[0]>=0 ) aToOpen[aiCurOnePass[0]-iBaseCur] = 0;
      if( aiCurOnePass[1]>=0 ) aToOpen[aiCurOnePass[1]-iBaseCur] = 0;
    }

    if( eOnePass==ONEPASS_MULTI && (nIdx-(aiCurOnePass[1]>=0))>0 ){
      addrOnce = sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Once); VdbeCoverage(v);
    }
    sqlite3OpenTableAndIndices(pParse, pTab, OP_OpenWrite, 0, iBaseCur, aToOpen,
                               0, 0);
    if( addrOnce ) sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrOnce);
  }

  /* Top of the update loop */
  if( eOnePass!=ONEPASS_OFF ){
    if( !isView && aiCurOnePass[0]!=iDataCur && aiCurOnePass[1]!=iDataCur ){
      assert( pPk );
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_NotFound, iDataCur, labelBreak, regKey, nKey);
      VdbeCoverageNeverTaken(v);
    }
    if( eOnePass==ONEPASS_SINGLE ){
      labelContinue = labelBreak;
    }else{
      labelContinue = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, pPk ? regKey : regOldRowid, labelBreak);
    VdbeCoverageIf(v, pPk==0);
    VdbeCoverageIf(v, pPk!=0);
  }else if( pPk ){
    labelContinue = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
................................................................................
  }else{
    labelContinue = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_RowSetRead, regRowSet, labelBreak,
                             regOldRowid);
    VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, iDataCur, labelContinue, regOldRowid);
    VdbeCoverage(v);
  }


  /* If the record number will change, set register regNewRowid to
  ** contain the new value. If the record number is not being modified,
  ** then regNewRowid is the same register as regOldRowid, which is
  ** already populated.  */
  assert( chngKey || pTrigger || hasFK || regOldRowid==regNewRowid );
  if( chngRowid ){
    sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pRowidExpr, regNewRowid);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_MustBeInt, regNewRowid); VdbeCoverage(v);
  }
................................................................................
        ** into a register. This is done if there are no BEFORE triggers, or
        ** if there are one or more BEFORE triggers that use this value via
        ** a new.* reference in a trigger program.
        */
        testcase( i==31 );
        testcase( i==32 );
        sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnToReg(pParse, pTab, i, iDataCur, regNew+i);






      }else{
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, regNew+i);
      }
    }
  }

  /* Fire any BEFORE UPDATE triggers. This happens before constraints are
................................................................................
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_NotFound, iDataCur, labelContinue,regKey,nKey);
      VdbeCoverage(v);
    }else{
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, iDataCur, labelContinue, regOldRowid);
      VdbeCoverage(v);
    }


    /* If it did not delete it, the row-trigger may still have modified 
    ** some of the columns of the row being updated. Load the values for 
    ** all columns not modified by the update statement into their 
    ** registers in case this has happened.



    */
    for(i=0; i<pTab->nCol; i++){
      if( aXRef[i]<0 && i!=pTab->iPKey ){
        sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, iDataCur, i, regNew+i);
      }
    }
  }
................................................................................
  if( !isView ){
    int addr1 = 0;        /* Address of jump instruction */

    /* Do constraint checks. */
    assert( regOldRowid>0 );
    sqlite3GenerateConstraintChecks(pParse, pTab, aRegIdx, iDataCur, iIdxCur,
        regNewRowid, regOldRowid, chngKey, onError, labelContinue, &bReplace,
        aXRef);

    /* Do FK constraint checks. */
    if( hasFK ){
      sqlite3FkCheck(pParse, pTab, regOldRowid, 0, aXRef, chngKey);
    }

    /* Delete the index entries associated with the current record.  */
................................................................................
    if( hasFK ){
      sqlite3FkActions(pParse, pTab, pChanges, regOldRowid, aXRef, chngKey);
    }
  }

  /* Increment the row counter 
  */
  if( (db->flags & SQLITE_CountRows) && !pParse->pTriggerTab){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, regRowCount, 1);
  }

  sqlite3CodeRowTrigger(pParse, pTrigger, TK_UPDATE, pChanges, 
      TRIGGER_AFTER, pTab, regOldRowid, onError, labelContinue);

  /* Repeat the above with the next record to be updated, until
................................................................................
  }
  sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, labelBreak);

  /* Update the sqlite_sequence table by storing the content of the
  ** maximum rowid counter values recorded while inserting into
  ** autoincrement tables.
  */
  if( pParse->nested==0 && pParse->pTriggerTab==0 ){
    sqlite3AutoincrementEnd(pParse);
  }

  /*
  ** Return the number of rows that were changed. If this routine is 
  ** generating code because of a call to sqlite3NestedParse(), do not
  ** invoke the callback function.
  */
  if( (db->flags&SQLITE_CountRows) && !pParse->pTriggerTab && !pParse->nested ){

    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, regRowCount, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "rows updated", SQLITE_STATIC);
  }

update_cleanup:
  sqlite3AuthContextPop(&sContext);
................................................................................
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SCopy, regArg+2+iPk, regArg+1);
  }

  bOnePass = sqlite3WhereOkOnePass(pWInfo, aDummy);

  if( bOnePass ){
    /* If using the onepass strategy, no-op out the OP_OpenEphemeral coded
    ** above. Also, if this is a top-level parse (not a trigger), clear the
    ** multi-write flag so that the VM does not open a statement journal */
    sqlite3VdbeChangeToNoop(v, addr);
    if( sqlite3IsToplevel(pParse) ){
      pParse->isMultiWrite = 0;
    }
  }else{
    /* Create a record from the argument register contents and insert it into
    ** the ephemeral table. */

    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regArg, nArg, regRec);
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    /* Signal an assert() within OP_MakeRecord that it is allowed to
    ** accept no-change records with serial_type 10 */
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_NOCHNG_MAGIC);
#endif
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, ephemTab, regRowid);







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void sqlite3Update(
  Parse *pParse,         /* The parser context */
  SrcList *pTabList,     /* The table in which we should change things */
  ExprList *pChanges,    /* Things to be changed */
  Expr *pWhere,          /* The WHERE clause.  May be null */
  int onError,           /* How to handle constraint errors */
  ExprList *pOrderBy,    /* ORDER BY clause. May be null */
  Expr *pLimit,          /* LIMIT clause. May be null */
  Upsert *pUpsert        /* ON CONFLICT clause, or null */
){
  int i, j;              /* Loop counters */
  Table *pTab;           /* The table to be updated */
  int addrTop = 0;       /* VDBE instruction address of the start of the loop */
  WhereInfo *pWInfo;     /* Information about the WHERE clause */
  Vdbe *v;               /* The virtual database engine */
  Index *pIdx;           /* For looping over indices */
................................................................................
  }

  /* Allocate a cursors for the main database table and for all indices.
  ** The index cursors might not be used, but if they are used they
  ** need to occur right after the database cursor.  So go ahead and
  ** allocate enough space, just in case.
  */
  iBaseCur = iDataCur = pParse->nTab++;
  iIdxCur = iDataCur+1;
  pPk = HasRowid(pTab) ? 0 : sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pTab);
  testcase( pPk!=0 && pPk!=pTab->pIndex );
  for(nIdx=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, nIdx++){

    if( pPk==pIdx ){
      iDataCur = pParse->nTab;

    }
    pParse->nTab++;
  }
  if( pUpsert ){
    /* On an UPSERT, reuse the same cursors already opened by INSERT */
    iDataCur = pUpsert->iDataCur;
    iIdxCur = pUpsert->iIdxCur;
    pParse->nTab = iBaseCur;
  }
  pTabList->a[0].iCursor = iDataCur;

  /* Allocate space for aXRef[], aRegIdx[], and aToOpen[].  
  ** Initialize aXRef[] and aToOpen[] to their default values.
  */
  aXRef = sqlite3DbMallocRawNN(db, sizeof(int) * (pTab->nCol+nIdx) + nIdx+2 );
  if( aXRef==0 ) goto update_cleanup;
  aRegIdx = aXRef+pTab->nCol;
................................................................................
  aToOpen[nIdx+1] = 0;
  for(i=0; i<pTab->nCol; i++) aXRef[i] = -1;

  /* Initialize the name-context */
  memset(&sNC, 0, sizeof(sNC));
  sNC.pParse = pParse;
  sNC.pSrcList = pTabList;
  sNC.uNC.pUpsert = pUpsert;
  sNC.ncFlags = NC_UUpsert;

  /* Resolve the column names in all the expressions of the
  ** of the UPDATE statement.  Also find the column index
  ** for each column to be updated in the pChanges array.  For each
  ** column to be updated, make sure we have authorization to change
  ** that column.
  */
................................................................................
    memset(aToOpen, 1, nIdx+1);
  }

  /* Begin generating code. */
  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( v==0 ) goto update_cleanup;
  if( pParse->nested==0 ) sqlite3VdbeCountChanges(v);
  sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, pTrigger || hasFK, iDb);

  /* Allocate required registers. */
  if( !IsVirtual(pTab) ){
    regRowSet = ++pParse->nMem;
    regOldRowid = regNewRowid = ++pParse->nMem;
    if( chngPk || pTrigger || hasFK ){
      regOld = pParse->nMem + 1;
................................................................................
  if( IsVirtual(pTab) ){
    updateVirtualTable(pParse, pTabList, pTab, pChanges, pRowidExpr, aXRef,
                       pWhere, onError);
    goto update_cleanup;
  }
#endif

  /* Jump to labelBreak to abandon further processing of this UPDATE */
  labelContinue = labelBreak = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);

  /* Not an UPSERT.  Normal processing.  Begin by
  ** initialize the count of updated rows */
  if( (db->flags&SQLITE_CountRows)!=0
   && !pParse->pTriggerTab
   && !pParse->nested
   && pUpsert==0
  ){
    regRowCount = ++pParse->nMem;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, regRowCount);
  }

  if( HasRowid(pTab) ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Null, 0, regRowSet, regOldRowid);
  }else{
    assert( pPk!=0 );
    nPk = pPk->nKeyCol;
    iPk = pParse->nMem+1;
    pParse->nMem += nPk;
    regKey = ++pParse->nMem;
    if( pUpsert==0 ){
      iEph = pParse->nTab++;

        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Null, 0, iPk, iPk+nPk-1);
      addrOpen = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_OpenEphemeral, iEph, nPk);
      sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(pParse, pPk);
    }
  }
  
  if( pUpsert ){
    /* If this is an UPSERT, then all cursors have already been opened by
    ** the outer INSERT and the data cursor should be pointing at the row
    ** that is to be updated.  So bypass the code that searches for the
    ** row(s) to be updated.
    */
    pWInfo = 0;
    eOnePass = ONEPASS_SINGLE;
    sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, pWhere, labelBreak, SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
  }else{
    /* Begin the database scan. 
    **
    ** Do not consider a single-pass strategy for a multi-row update if
    ** there are any triggers or foreign keys to process, or rows may
    ** be deleted as a result of REPLACE conflict handling. Any of these
    ** things might disturb a cursor being used to scan through the table
    ** or index, causing a single-pass approach to malfunction.  */
................................................................................
    **
    **   UPDATE t1 SET b=b+1 WHERE b>?
    **
    ** Fall back to ONEPASS_OFF if where.c has selected a ONEPASS_MULTI
    ** strategy that uses an index for which one or more columns are being
    ** updated.  */
    eOnePass = sqlite3WhereOkOnePass(pWInfo, aiCurOnePass);
    if( eOnePass!=ONEPASS_SINGLE ){
      sqlite3MultiWrite(pParse);
      if( eOnePass==ONEPASS_MULTI ){
        int iCur = aiCurOnePass[1];
        if( iCur>=0 && iCur!=iDataCur && aToOpen[iCur-iBaseCur] ){
          eOnePass = ONEPASS_OFF;
        }
        assert( iCur!=iDataCur || !HasRowid(pTab) );
      }
    }
  }

  if( HasRowid(pTab) ){
    /* Read the rowid of the current row of the WHERE scan. In ONEPASS_OFF
    ** mode, write the rowid into the FIFO. In either of the one-pass modes,
    ** leave it in register regOldRowid.  */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rowid, iDataCur, regOldRowid);
    if( eOnePass==ONEPASS_OFF ){
................................................................................
    ** the OP_OpenEphemeral instruction to a Noop (the ephemeral table 
    ** is not required) and leave the PK fields in the array of registers.  */
    for(i=0; i<nPk; i++){
      assert( pPk->aiColumn[i]>=0 );
      sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, iDataCur,pPk->aiColumn[i],iPk+i);
    }
    if( eOnePass ){
      if( addrOpen ) sqlite3VdbeChangeToNoop(v, addrOpen);
      nKey = nPk;
      regKey = iPk;
    }else{
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, iPk, nPk, regKey,
                        sqlite3IndexAffinityStr(db, pPk), nPk);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_IdxInsert, iEph, regKey, iPk, nPk);
    }
  }

  if( pUpsert==0 ){
    if( eOnePass!=ONEPASS_MULTI ){
      sqlite3WhereEnd(pWInfo);
    }
  

    if( !isView ){
      int addrOnce = 0;
  
      /* Open every index that needs updating. */
      if( eOnePass!=ONEPASS_OFF ){
        if( aiCurOnePass[0]>=0 ) aToOpen[aiCurOnePass[0]-iBaseCur] = 0;
        if( aiCurOnePass[1]>=0 ) aToOpen[aiCurOnePass[1]-iBaseCur] = 0;
      }
  
      if( eOnePass==ONEPASS_MULTI && (nIdx-(aiCurOnePass[1]>=0))>0 ){
        addrOnce = sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Once); VdbeCoverage(v);
      }
      sqlite3OpenTableAndIndices(pParse, pTab, OP_OpenWrite, 0, iBaseCur,
                                 aToOpen, 0, 0);
      if( addrOnce ) sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrOnce);
    }
  
    /* Top of the update loop */
    if( eOnePass!=ONEPASS_OFF ){
      if( !isView && aiCurOnePass[0]!=iDataCur && aiCurOnePass[1]!=iDataCur ){
        assert( pPk );
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_NotFound, iDataCur, labelBreak, regKey,nKey);
        VdbeCoverageNeverTaken(v);
      }
      if( eOnePass!=ONEPASS_SINGLE ){


        labelContinue = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, pPk ? regKey : regOldRowid, labelBreak);
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, pPk==0);
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, pPk!=0);
    }else if( pPk ){
      labelContinue = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
................................................................................
    }else{
      labelContinue = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_RowSetRead, regRowSet,labelBreak,
                               regOldRowid);
      VdbeCoverage(v);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, iDataCur, labelContinue, regOldRowid);
      VdbeCoverage(v);
    }
  }

  /* If the rowid value will change, set register regNewRowid to
  ** contain the new value. If the rowid is not being modified,
  ** then regNewRowid is the same register as regOldRowid, which is
  ** already populated.  */
  assert( chngKey || pTrigger || hasFK || regOldRowid==regNewRowid );
  if( chngRowid ){
    sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pRowidExpr, regNewRowid);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_MustBeInt, regNewRowid); VdbeCoverage(v);
  }
................................................................................
        ** into a register. This is done if there are no BEFORE triggers, or
        ** if there are one or more BEFORE triggers that use this value via
        ** a new.* reference in a trigger program.
        */
        testcase( i==31 );
        testcase( i==32 );
        sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnToReg(pParse, pTab, i, iDataCur, regNew+i);
        if( tmask & TRIGGER_BEFORE ){
          /* This value will be recomputed in After-BEFORE-trigger-reload-loop
          ** below, so make sure that it is not cached and reused.
          ** Ticket d85fffd6ffe856092ed8daefa811b1e399706b28. */
          sqlite3ExprCacheRemove(pParse, regNew+i, 1);
        }
      }else{
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, regNew+i);
      }
    }
  }

  /* Fire any BEFORE UPDATE triggers. This happens before constraints are
................................................................................
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_NotFound, iDataCur, labelContinue,regKey,nKey);
      VdbeCoverage(v);
    }else{
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, iDataCur, labelContinue, regOldRowid);
      VdbeCoverage(v);
    }

    /* After-BEFORE-trigger-reload-loop:
    ** If it did not delete it, the BEFORE trigger may still have modified 
    ** some of the columns of the row being updated. Load the values for 
    ** all columns not modified by the update statement into their registers
    ** in case this has happened. Only unmodified columns are reloaded.
    ** The values computed for modified columns use the values before the
    ** BEFORE trigger runs.  See test case trigger1-18.0 (added 2018-04-26)
    ** for an example.
    */
    for(i=0; i<pTab->nCol; i++){
      if( aXRef[i]<0 && i!=pTab->iPKey ){
        sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, iDataCur, i, regNew+i);
      }
    }
  }
................................................................................
  if( !isView ){
    int addr1 = 0;        /* Address of jump instruction */

    /* Do constraint checks. */
    assert( regOldRowid>0 );
    sqlite3GenerateConstraintChecks(pParse, pTab, aRegIdx, iDataCur, iIdxCur,
        regNewRowid, regOldRowid, chngKey, onError, labelContinue, &bReplace,
        aXRef, 0);

    /* Do FK constraint checks. */
    if( hasFK ){
      sqlite3FkCheck(pParse, pTab, regOldRowid, 0, aXRef, chngKey);
    }

    /* Delete the index entries associated with the current record.  */
................................................................................
    if( hasFK ){
      sqlite3FkActions(pParse, pTab, pChanges, regOldRowid, aXRef, chngKey);
    }
  }

  /* Increment the row counter 
  */
  if( regRowCount ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, regRowCount, 1);
  }

  sqlite3CodeRowTrigger(pParse, pTrigger, TK_UPDATE, pChanges, 
      TRIGGER_AFTER, pTab, regOldRowid, onError, labelContinue);

  /* Repeat the above with the next record to be updated, until
................................................................................
  }
  sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, labelBreak);

  /* Update the sqlite_sequence table by storing the content of the
  ** maximum rowid counter values recorded while inserting into
  ** autoincrement tables.
  */
  if( pParse->nested==0 && pParse->pTriggerTab==0 && pUpsert==0 ){
    sqlite3AutoincrementEnd(pParse);
  }

  /*
  ** Return the number of rows that were changed, if we are tracking
  ** that information.

  */

  if( regRowCount ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, regRowCount, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "rows updated", SQLITE_STATIC);
  }

update_cleanup:
  sqlite3AuthContextPop(&sContext);
................................................................................
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SCopy, regArg+2+iPk, regArg+1);
  }

  bOnePass = sqlite3WhereOkOnePass(pWInfo, aDummy);

  if( bOnePass ){
    /* If using the onepass strategy, no-op out the OP_OpenEphemeral coded
    ** above. */

    sqlite3VdbeChangeToNoop(v, addr);



  }else{
    /* Create a record from the argument register contents and insert it into
    ** the ephemeral table. */
    sqlite3MultiWrite(pParse);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regArg, nArg, regRec);
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    /* Signal an assert() within OP_MakeRecord that it is allowed to
    ** accept no-change records with serial_type 10 */
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_NOCHNG_MAGIC);
#endif
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, ephemTab, regRowid);

Added src/upsert.c.



















































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































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/*
** 2018-04-12
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains code to implement various aspects of UPSERT
** processing and handling of the Upsert object.
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_UPSERT
/*
** Free a list of Upsert objects
*/
void sqlite3UpsertDelete(sqlite3 *db, Upsert *p){
  if( p ){
    sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, p->pUpsertTarget);
    sqlite3ExprDelete(db, p->pUpsertTargetWhere);
    sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, p->pUpsertSet);
    sqlite3ExprDelete(db, p->pUpsertWhere);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, p);
  }
}

/*
** Duplicate an Upsert object.
*/
Upsert *sqlite3UpsertDup(sqlite3 *db, Upsert *p){
  if( p==0 ) return 0;
  return sqlite3UpsertNew(db,
           sqlite3ExprListDup(db, p->pUpsertTarget, 0),
           sqlite3ExprDup(db, p->pUpsertTargetWhere, 0),
           sqlite3ExprListDup(db, p->pUpsertSet, 0),
           sqlite3ExprDup(db, p->pUpsertWhere, 0)
         );
}

/*
** Create a new Upsert object.
*/
Upsert *sqlite3UpsertNew(
  sqlite3 *db,           /* Determines which memory allocator to use */
  ExprList *pTarget,     /* Target argument to ON CONFLICT, or NULL */
  Expr *pTargetWhere,    /* Optional WHERE clause on the target */
  ExprList *pSet,        /* UPDATE columns, or NULL for a DO NOTHING */
  Expr *pWhere           /* WHERE clause for the ON CONFLICT UPDATE */
){
  Upsert *pNew;
  pNew = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, sizeof(Upsert));
  if( pNew==0 ){
    sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, pTarget);
    sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pTargetWhere);
    sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, pSet);
    sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pWhere);
    return 0;
  }else{
    pNew->pUpsertTarget = pTarget;
    pNew->pUpsertTargetWhere = pTargetWhere;
    pNew->pUpsertSet = pSet;
    pNew->pUpsertWhere = pWhere;
    pNew->pUpsertIdx = 0;
  }
  return pNew;
}

/*
** Analyze the ON CONFLICT clause described by pUpsert.  Resolve all
** symbols in the conflict-target.
**
** Return SQLITE_OK if everything works, or an error code is something
** is wrong.
*/
int sqlite3UpsertAnalyzeTarget(
  Parse *pParse,     /* The parsing context */
  SrcList *pTabList, /* Table into which we are inserting */
  Upsert *pUpsert    /* The ON CONFLICT clauses */
){
  Table *pTab;            /* That table into which we are inserting */
  int rc;                 /* Result code */
  int iCursor;            /* Cursor used by pTab */
  Index *pIdx;            /* One of the indexes of pTab */
  ExprList *pTarget;      /* The conflict-target clause */
  Expr *pTerm;            /* One term of the conflict-target clause */
  NameContext sNC;        /* Context for resolving symbolic names */
  Expr sCol[2];           /* Index column converted into an Expr */

  assert( pTabList->nSrc==1 );
  assert( pTabList->a[0].pTab!=0 );
  assert( pUpsert!=0 );
  assert( pUpsert->pUpsertTarget!=0 );

  /* Resolve all symbolic names in the conflict-target clause, which
  ** includes both the list of columns and the optional partial-index
  ** WHERE clause.
  */
  memset(&sNC, 0, sizeof(sNC));
  sNC.pParse = pParse;
  sNC.pSrcList = pTabList;
  rc = sqlite3ResolveExprListNames(&sNC, pUpsert->pUpsertTarget);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  rc = sqlite3ResolveExprNames(&sNC, pUpsert->pUpsertTargetWhere);
  if( rc ) return rc;

  /* Check to see if the conflict target matches the rowid. */  
  pTab = pTabList->a[0].pTab;
  pTarget = pUpsert->pUpsertTarget;
  iCursor = pTabList->a[0].iCursor;
  if( HasRowid(pTab) 
   && pTarget->nExpr==1
   && (pTerm = pTarget->a[0].pExpr)->op==TK_COLUMN
   && pTerm->iColumn==XN_ROWID
  ){
    /* The conflict-target is the rowid of the primary table */
    assert( pUpsert->pUpsertIdx==0 );
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

  /* Initialize sCol[0..1] to be an expression parse tree for a
  ** single column of an index.  The sCol[0] node will be the TK_COLLATE
  ** operator and sCol[1] will be the TK_COLUMN operator.  Code below
  ** will populate the specific collation and column number values
  ** prior to comparing against the conflict-target expression.
  */
  memset(sCol, 0, sizeof(sCol));
  sCol[0].op = TK_COLLATE;
  sCol[0].pLeft = &sCol[1];
  sCol[1].op = TK_COLUMN;
  sCol[1].iTable = pTabList->a[0].iCursor;

  /* Check for matches against other indexes */
  for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
    int ii, jj, nn;
    if( !IsUniqueIndex(pIdx) ) continue;
    if( pTarget->nExpr!=pIdx->nKeyCol ) continue;
    if( pIdx->pPartIdxWhere ){
      if( pUpsert->pUpsertTargetWhere==0 ) continue;
      if( sqlite3ExprCompare(pParse, pUpsert->pUpsertTargetWhere,
                             pIdx->pPartIdxWhere, iCursor)!=0 ){
        continue;
      }
    }
    nn = pIdx->nKeyCol;
    for(ii=0; ii<nn; ii++){
      Expr *pExpr;
      sCol[0].u.zToken = (char*)pIdx->azColl[ii];
      if( pIdx->aiColumn[ii]==XN_EXPR ){
        assert( pIdx->aColExpr!=0 );
        assert( pIdx->aColExpr->nExpr>ii );
        pExpr = pIdx->aColExpr->a[ii].pExpr;
        if( pExpr->op!=TK_COLLATE ){
          sCol[0].pLeft = pExpr;
          pExpr = &sCol[0];
        }
      }else{
        sCol[0].pLeft = &sCol[1];
        sCol[1].iColumn = pIdx->aiColumn[ii];
        pExpr = &sCol[0];
      }
      for(jj=0; jj<nn; jj++){
        if( sqlite3ExprCompare(pParse, pTarget->a[jj].pExpr, pExpr,iCursor)<2 ){
          break;  /* Column ii of the index matches column jj of target */
        }
      }
      if( jj>=nn ){
        /* The target contains no match for column jj of the index */
        break;
      }
    }
    if( ii<nn ){
      /* Column ii of the index did not match any term of the conflict target.
      ** Continue the search with the next index. */
      continue;
    }
    pUpsert->pUpsertIdx = pIdx;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "ON CONFLICT clause does not match any "
                          "PRIMARY KEY or UNIQUE constraint");
  return SQLITE_ERROR;
}

/*
** Generate bytecode that does an UPDATE as part of an upsert.
**
** If pIdx is NULL, then the UNIQUE constraint that failed was the IPK.
** In this case parameter iCur is a cursor open on the table b-tree that
** currently points to the conflicting table row. Otherwise, if pIdx
** is not NULL, then pIdx is the constraint that failed and iCur is a
** cursor points to the conflicting row.
*/
void sqlite3UpsertDoUpdate(
  Parse *pParse,        /* The parsing and code-generating context */
  Upsert *pUpsert,      /* The ON CONFLICT clause for the upsert */
  Table *pTab,          /* The table being updated */
  Index *pIdx,          /* The UNIQUE constraint that failed */
  int iCur              /* Cursor for pIdx (or pTab if pIdx==NULL) */
){
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  SrcList *pSrc;            /* FROM clause for the UPDATE */
  int iDataCur = pUpsert->iDataCur;

  assert( v!=0 );
  VdbeNoopComment((v, "Begin DO UPDATE of UPSERT"));
  if( pIdx && iCur!=iDataCur ){
    if( HasRowid(pTab) ){
      int regRowid = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxRowid, iCur, regRowid);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_SeekRowid, iDataCur, 0, regRowid);
      VdbeCoverage(v);
      sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regRowid);
    }else{
      Index *pPk = sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pTab);
      int nPk = pPk->nKeyCol;
      int iPk = pParse->nMem+1;
      int i;
      pParse->nMem += nPk;
      for(i=0; i<nPk; i++){
        int k;
        assert( pPk->aiColumn[i]>=0 );
        k = sqlite3ColumnOfIndex(pIdx, pPk->aiColumn[i]);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iCur, k, iPk+i);
        VdbeComment((v, "%s.%s", pIdx->zName,
                    pTab->aCol[pPk->aiColumn[i]].zName));
      }
      i = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_Found, iDataCur, 0, iPk, nPk);
      VdbeCoverage(v);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Halt, SQLITE_CORRUPT, OE_Abort, 0, 
            "corrupt database", P4_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, i);
    }
  }
  /* pUpsert does not own pUpsertSrc - the outer INSERT statement does.  So
  ** we have to make a copy before passing it down into sqlite3Update() */
  pSrc = sqlite3SrcListDup(db, pUpsert->pUpsertSrc, 0);
  sqlite3Update(pParse, pSrc, pUpsert->pUpsertSet,
      pUpsert->pUpsertWhere, OE_Abort, 0, 0, pUpsert);
  pUpsert->pUpsertSet = 0;    /* Will have been deleted by sqlite3Update() */
  pUpsert->pUpsertWhere = 0;  /* Will have been deleted by sqlite3Update() */
  VdbeNoopComment((v, "End DO UPDATE of UPSERT"));
}

#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_UPSERT */

Changes to src/vacuum.c.

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  /* printf("SQL: [%s]\n", zSql); fflush(stdout); */
  rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
  while( SQLITE_ROW==(rc = sqlite3_step(pStmt)) ){
    const char *zSubSql = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt,0);
    assert( sqlite3_strnicmp(zSql,"SELECT",6)==0 );
    assert( sqlite3_strnicmp(zSubSql,"SELECT",6)!=0 || CORRUPT_DB );




    if( zSubSql && zSubSql[0]!='S' ){


      rc = execSql(db, pzErrMsg, zSubSql);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) break;
    }
  }
  assert( rc!=SQLITE_ROW );
  if( rc==SQLITE_DONE ) rc = SQLITE_OK;
  if( rc ){
................................................................................
      " WHERE type='table'AND name<>'sqlite_sequence'"
      " AND coalesce(rootpage,1)>0",
      zDbMain
  );
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto end_of_vacuum;
  rc = execSqlF(db, pzErrMsg,
      "SELECT sql FROM \"%w\".sqlite_master"
      " WHERE type='index' AND length(sql)>10",
      zDbMain
  );
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto end_of_vacuum;
  db->init.iDb = 0;

  /* Loop through the tables in the main database. For each, do
  ** an "INSERT INTO vacuum_db.xxx SELECT * FROM main.xxx;" to copy







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  /* printf("SQL: [%s]\n", zSql); fflush(stdout); */
  rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
  while( SQLITE_ROW==(rc = sqlite3_step(pStmt)) ){
    const char *zSubSql = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt,0);
    assert( sqlite3_strnicmp(zSql,"SELECT",6)==0 );
    /* The secondary SQL must be one of CREATE TABLE, CREATE INDEX,
    ** or INSERT.  Historically there have been attacks that first
    ** corrupt the sqlite_master.sql field with other kinds of statements
    ** then run VACUUM to get those statements to execute at inappropriate
    ** times. */
    if( zSubSql
     && (strncmp(zSubSql,"CRE",3)==0 || strncmp(zSubSql,"INS",3)==0)
    ){
      rc = execSql(db, pzErrMsg, zSubSql);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) break;
    }
  }
  assert( rc!=SQLITE_ROW );
  if( rc==SQLITE_DONE ) rc = SQLITE_OK;
  if( rc ){
................................................................................
      " WHERE type='table'AND name<>'sqlite_sequence'"
      " AND coalesce(rootpage,1)>0",
      zDbMain
  );
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto end_of_vacuum;
  rc = execSqlF(db, pzErrMsg,
      "SELECT sql FROM \"%w\".sqlite_master"
      " WHERE type='index'",
      zDbMain
  );
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto end_of_vacuum;
  db->init.iDb = 0;

  /* Loop through the tables in the main database. For each, do
  ** an "INSERT INTO vacuum_db.xxx SELECT * FROM main.xxx;" to copy

Changes to src/vdbe.h.

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  void sqlite3VdbeVerifyNoMallocRequired(Vdbe *p, int N);
  void sqlite3VdbeVerifyNoResultRow(Vdbe *p);
#else
# define sqlite3VdbeVerifyNoMallocRequired(A,B)
# define sqlite3VdbeVerifyNoResultRow(A)
#endif
VdbeOp *sqlite3VdbeAddOpList(Vdbe*, int nOp, VdbeOpList const *aOp, int iLineno);












void sqlite3VdbeAddParseSchemaOp(Vdbe*,int,char*);
void sqlite3VdbeChangeOpcode(Vdbe*, u32 addr, u8);
void sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(Vdbe*, u32 addr, int P1);
void sqlite3VdbeChangeP2(Vdbe*, u32 addr, int P2);
void sqlite3VdbeChangeP3(Vdbe*, u32 addr, int P3);
void sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(Vdbe*, u16 P5);
void sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(Vdbe*, int addr);
................................................................................
void sqlite3VdbeRunOnlyOnce(Vdbe*);
void sqlite3VdbeReusable(Vdbe*);
void sqlite3VdbeDelete(Vdbe*);
void sqlite3VdbeClearObject(sqlite3*,Vdbe*);
void sqlite3VdbeMakeReady(Vdbe*,Parse*);
int sqlite3VdbeFinalize(Vdbe*);
void sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(Vdbe*, int);



int sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(Vdbe*);
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  int sqlite3VdbeAssertMayAbort(Vdbe *, int);
#endif
void sqlite3VdbeResetStepResult(Vdbe*);
void sqlite3VdbeRewind(Vdbe*);
int sqlite3VdbeReset(Vdbe*);







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  void sqlite3VdbeVerifyNoMallocRequired(Vdbe *p, int N);
  void sqlite3VdbeVerifyNoResultRow(Vdbe *p);
#else
# define sqlite3VdbeVerifyNoMallocRequired(A,B)
# define sqlite3VdbeVerifyNoResultRow(A)
#endif
VdbeOp *sqlite3VdbeAddOpList(Vdbe*, int nOp, VdbeOpList const *aOp,int iLineno);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
  void sqlite3VdbeExplain(Parse*,u8,const char*,...);
  void sqlite3VdbeExplainPop(Parse*);
  int sqlite3VdbeExplainParent(Parse*);
# define ExplainQueryPlan(P)        sqlite3VdbeExplain P
# define ExplainQueryPlanPop(P)     sqlite3VdbeExplainPop(P)
# define ExplainQueryPlanParent(P)  sqlite3VdbeExplainParent(P)
#else
# define ExplainQueryPlan(P)
# define ExplainQueryPlanPop(P)
# define ExplainQueryPlanParent(P) 0
#endif
void sqlite3VdbeAddParseSchemaOp(Vdbe*,int,char*);
void sqlite3VdbeChangeOpcode(Vdbe*, u32 addr, u8);
void sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(Vdbe*, u32 addr, int P1);
void sqlite3VdbeChangeP2(Vdbe*, u32 addr, int P2);
void sqlite3VdbeChangeP3(Vdbe*, u32 addr, int P3);
void sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(Vdbe*, u16 P5);
void sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(Vdbe*, int addr);
................................................................................
void sqlite3VdbeRunOnlyOnce(Vdbe*);
void sqlite3VdbeReusable(Vdbe*);
void sqlite3VdbeDelete(Vdbe*);
void sqlite3VdbeClearObject(sqlite3*,Vdbe*);
void sqlite3VdbeMakeReady(Vdbe*,Parse*);
int sqlite3VdbeFinalize(Vdbe*);
void sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(Vdbe*, int);
#ifdef SQLITE_COVERAGE_TEST
  int sqlite3VdbeLabelHasBeenResolved(Vdbe*,int);
#endif
int sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(Vdbe*);
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  int sqlite3VdbeAssertMayAbort(Vdbe *, int);
#endif
void sqlite3VdbeResetStepResult(Vdbe*);
void sqlite3VdbeRewind(Vdbe*);
int sqlite3VdbeReset(Vdbe*);

Changes to src/vdbeaux.c.

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1698
....
1730
1731
1732
1733
1734
1735
1736
1737



1738
1739
1740
1741
1742
1743
1744
  int p4type          /* P4 operand type */
){
  char *p4copy = sqlite3DbMallocRawNN(sqlite3VdbeDb(p), 8);
  if( p4copy ) memcpy(p4copy, zP4, 8);
  return sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(p, op, p1, p2, p3, p4copy, p4type);
}












































/*
** Add an OP_ParseSchema opcode.  This routine is broken out from
** sqlite3VdbeAddOp4() since it needs to also needs to mark all btrees
** as having been used.
**
** The zWhere string must have been obtained from sqlite3_malloc().
** This routine will take ownership of the allocated memory.
................................................................................
void sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(Vdbe *v, int x){
  Parse *p = v->pParse;
  int j = ADDR(x);
  assert( v->magic==VDBE_MAGIC_INIT );
  assert( j<p->nLabel );
  assert( j>=0 );
  if( p->aLabel ){






    p->aLabel[j] = v->nOp;
  }
}














/*
** Mark the VDBE as one that can only be run one time.
*/
void sqlite3VdbeRunOnlyOnce(Vdbe *p){
  p->runOnlyOnce = 1;
}

................................................................................
** running the code, it invokes the callback once for each instruction.
** This feature is used to implement "EXPLAIN".
**
** When p->explain==1, each instruction is listed.  When
** p->explain==2, only OP_Explain instructions are listed and these
** are shown in a different format.  p->explain==2 is used to implement
** EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN.



**
** When p->explain==1, first the main program is listed, then each of
** the trigger subprograms are listed one by one.
*/
int sqlite3VdbeList(
  Vdbe *p                   /* The VDBE */
){
................................................................................
      apSub = (SubProgram **)pSub->z;
    }
    for(i=0; i<nSub; i++){
      nRow += apSub[i]->nOp;
    }
  }

  do{
    i = p->pc++;
    if( i>=nRow ){
      p->rc = SQLITE_OK;
      rc = SQLITE_DONE;
      break;
    }
    if( i<p->nOp ){
................................................................................
        apSub = (SubProgram **)pSub->z;
        apSub[nSub++] = pOp->p4.pProgram;
        pSub->flags |= MEM_Blob;
        pSub->n = nSub*sizeof(SubProgram*);
        nRow += pOp->p4.pProgram->nOp;
      }
    }
  }while( p->explain==2 && pOp->opcode!=OP_Explain );




  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( db->u1.isInterrupted ){
      p->rc = SQLITE_INTERRUPT;
      rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
      sqlite3VdbeError(p, sqlite3ErrStr(p->rc));
    }else{







>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
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>
>
>
>
>
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299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
...
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
456
457
458
459
460
461
462
463
464
465
466
467
....
1684
1685
1686
1687
1688
1689
1690
1691
1692
1693
1694
1695
1696
1697
1698
1699
1700
....
1749
1750
1751
1752
1753
1754
1755
1756
1757
1758
1759
1760
1761
1762
1763
....
1795
1796
1797
1798
1799
1800
1801
1802
1803
1804
1805
1806
1807
1808
1809
1810
1811
1812
  int p4type          /* P4 operand type */
){
  char *p4copy = sqlite3DbMallocRawNN(sqlite3VdbeDb(p), 8);
  if( p4copy ) memcpy(p4copy, zP4, 8);
  return sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(p, op, p1, p2, p3, p4copy, p4type);
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
/*
** Return the address of the current EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN baseline.
** 0 means "none".
*/
int sqlite3VdbeExplainParent(Parse *pParse){
  VdbeOp *pOp;
  if( pParse->addrExplain==0 ) return 0;
  pOp = sqlite3VdbeGetOp(pParse->pVdbe, pParse->addrExplain);
  return pOp->p2;
}

/*
** Add a new OP_Explain opcode.
**
** If the bPush flag is true, then make this opcode the parent for
** subsequent Explains until sqlite3VdbeExplainPop() is called.
*/
void sqlite3VdbeExplain(Parse *pParse, u8 bPush, const char *zFmt, ...){
  if( pParse->explain==2 ){
    char *zMsg;
    Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
    va_list ap;
    int iThis;
    va_start(ap, zFmt);
    zMsg = sqlite3VMPrintf(pParse->db, zFmt, ap);
    va_end(ap);
    v = pParse->pVdbe;
    iThis = v->nOp;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Explain, iThis, pParse->addrExplain, 0,
                      zMsg, P4_DYNAMIC);
    if( bPush) pParse->addrExplain = iThis;
  }
}

/*
** Pop the EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN stack one level.
*/
void sqlite3VdbeExplainPop(Parse *pParse){
  pParse->addrExplain = sqlite3VdbeExplainParent(pParse);
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN */

/*
** Add an OP_ParseSchema opcode.  This routine is broken out from
** sqlite3VdbeAddOp4() since it needs to also needs to mark all btrees
** as having been used.
**
** The zWhere string must have been obtained from sqlite3_malloc().
** This routine will take ownership of the allocated memory.
................................................................................
void sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(Vdbe *v, int x){
  Parse *p = v->pParse;
  int j = ADDR(x);
  assert( v->magic==VDBE_MAGIC_INIT );
  assert( j<p->nLabel );
  assert( j>=0 );
  if( p->aLabel ){
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    if( p->db->flags & SQLITE_VdbeAddopTrace ){
      printf("RESOLVE LABEL %d to %d\n", x, v->nOp);
    }
#endif
    assert( p->aLabel[j]==(-1) ); /* Labels may only be resolved once */
    p->aLabel[j] = v->nOp;
  }
}

#ifdef SQLITE_COVERAGE_TEST
/*
** Return TRUE if and only if the label x has already been resolved.
** Return FALSE (zero) if label x is still unresolved.
**
** This routine is only used inside of testcase() macros, and so it
** only exists when measuring test coverage.
*/
int sqlite3VdbeLabelHasBeenResolved(Vdbe *v, int x){
  return v->pParse->aLabel && v->pParse->aLabel[ADDR(x)]>=0;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_COVERAGE_TEST */

/*
** Mark the VDBE as one that can only be run one time.
*/
void sqlite3VdbeRunOnlyOnce(Vdbe *p){
  p->runOnlyOnce = 1;
}

................................................................................
** running the code, it invokes the callback once for each instruction.
** This feature is used to implement "EXPLAIN".
**
** When p->explain==1, each instruction is listed.  When
** p->explain==2, only OP_Explain instructions are listed and these
** are shown in a different format.  p->explain==2 is used to implement
** EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN.
** 2018-04-24:  In p->explain==2 mode, the OP_Init opcodes of triggers
** are also shown, so that the boundaries between the main program and
** each trigger are clear.
**
** When p->explain==1, first the main program is listed, then each of
** the trigger subprograms are listed one by one.
*/
int sqlite3VdbeList(
  Vdbe *p                   /* The VDBE */
){
................................................................................
      apSub = (SubProgram **)pSub->z;
    }
    for(i=0; i<nSub; i++){
      nRow += apSub[i]->nOp;
    }
  }

  while(1){  /* Loop exits via break */
    i = p->pc++;
    if( i>=nRow ){
      p->rc = SQLITE_OK;
      rc = SQLITE_DONE;
      break;
    }
    if( i<p->nOp ){
................................................................................
        apSub = (SubProgram **)pSub->z;
        apSub[nSub++] = pOp->p4.pProgram;
        pSub->flags |= MEM_Blob;
        pSub->n = nSub*sizeof(SubProgram*);
        nRow += pOp->p4.pProgram->nOp;
      }
    }
    if( p->explain<2 ) break;
    if( pOp->opcode==OP_Explain ) break;
    if( pOp->opcode==OP_Init && p->pc>1 ) break;
  }

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( db->u1.isInterrupted ){
      p->rc = SQLITE_INTERRUPT;
      rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
      sqlite3VdbeError(p, sqlite3ErrStr(p->rc));
    }else{

Changes to src/vdbemem.c.

1474
1475
1476
1477
1478
1479
1480
1481
1482
1483
1484
1485
1486





1487
1488
1489
1490
1491
1492
1493
    zVal = &pExpr->u.zToken[2];
    nVal = sqlite3Strlen30(zVal)-1;
    assert( zVal[nVal]=='\'' );
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetStr(pVal, sqlite3HexToBlob(db, zVal, nVal), nVal/2,
                         0, SQLITE_DYNAMIC);
  }
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  else if( op==TK_FUNCTION && pCtx!=0 ){
    rc = valueFromFunction(db, pExpr, enc, affinity, &pVal, pCtx);
  }
#endif






  *ppVal = pVal;
  return rc;

no_mem:
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  if( pCtx==0 || pCtx->pParse->nErr==0 )







<





>
>
>
>
>







1474
1475
1476
1477
1478
1479
1480

1481
1482
1483
1484
1485
1486
1487
1488
1489
1490
1491
1492
1493
1494
1495
1496
1497
    zVal = &pExpr->u.zToken[2];
    nVal = sqlite3Strlen30(zVal)-1;
    assert( zVal[nVal]=='\'' );
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetStr(pVal, sqlite3HexToBlob(db, zVal, nVal), nVal/2,
                         0, SQLITE_DYNAMIC);
  }
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  else if( op==TK_FUNCTION && pCtx!=0 ){
    rc = valueFromFunction(db, pExpr, enc, affinity, &pVal, pCtx);
  }
#endif
  else if( op==TK_TRUEFALSE ){
     pVal = valueNew(db, pCtx);
     pVal->flags = MEM_Int;
     pVal->u.i = pExpr->u.zToken[4]==0;
  }

  *ppVal = pVal;
  return rc;

no_mem:
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  if( pCtx==0 || pCtx->pParse->nErr==0 )

Changes to src/where.c.

2416
2417
2418
2419
2420
2421
2422
2423
2424
2425
2426
2427
2428
2429
2430
2431
2432
2433
2434
2435
2436
2437
2438
....
4591
4592
4593
4594
4595
4596
4597

4598
4599
4600
4601
4602
4603
4604
    }
    if( pTerm->prereqRight & pNew->maskSelf ) continue;

    /* Do not allow the upper bound of a LIKE optimization range constraint
    ** to mix with a lower range bound from some other source */
    if( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_LIKEOPT && pTerm->eOperator==WO_LT ) continue;

    /* Do not allow IS constraints from the WHERE clause to be used by the
    ** right table of a LEFT JOIN.  Only constraints in the ON clause are
    ** allowed */
    if( (pSrc->fg.jointype & JT_LEFT)!=0
     && !ExprHasProperty(pTerm->pExpr, EP_FromJoin)
     && (eOp & (WO_IS|WO_ISNULL))!=0
    ){
      testcase( eOp & WO_IS );
      testcase( eOp & WO_ISNULL );
      continue;
    }

    if( IsUniqueIndex(pProbe) && saved_nEq==pProbe->nKeyCol-1 ){
      pBuilder->bldFlags |= SQLITE_BLDF_UNIQUE;
    }else{
      pBuilder->bldFlags |= SQLITE_BLDF_INDEXED;
................................................................................
  /* Special case: No FROM clause
  */
  if( nTabList==0 ){
    if( pOrderBy ) pWInfo->nOBSat = pOrderBy->nExpr;
    if( wctrlFlags & WHERE_WANT_DISTINCT ){
      pWInfo->eDistinct = WHERE_DISTINCT_UNIQUE;
    }

  }else{
    /* Assign a bit from the bitmask to every term in the FROM clause.
    **
    ** The N-th term of the FROM clause is assigned a bitmask of 1<<N.
    **
    ** The rule of the previous sentence ensures thta if X is the bitmask for
    ** a table T, then X-1 is the bitmask for all other tables to the left of T.







|




<

<
<







 







>







2416
2417
2418
2419
2420
2421
2422
2423
2424
2425
2426
2427

2428


2429
2430
2431
2432
2433
2434
2435
....
4588
4589
4590
4591
4592
4593
4594
4595
4596
4597
4598
4599
4600
4601
4602
    }
    if( pTerm->prereqRight & pNew->maskSelf ) continue;

    /* Do not allow the upper bound of a LIKE optimization range constraint
    ** to mix with a lower range bound from some other source */
    if( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_LIKEOPT && pTerm->eOperator==WO_LT ) continue;

    /* Do not allow constraints from the WHERE clause to be used by the
    ** right table of a LEFT JOIN.  Only constraints in the ON clause are
    ** allowed */
    if( (pSrc->fg.jointype & JT_LEFT)!=0
     && !ExprHasProperty(pTerm->pExpr, EP_FromJoin)

    ){


      continue;
    }

    if( IsUniqueIndex(pProbe) && saved_nEq==pProbe->nKeyCol-1 ){
      pBuilder->bldFlags |= SQLITE_BLDF_UNIQUE;
    }else{
      pBuilder->bldFlags |= SQLITE_BLDF_INDEXED;
................................................................................
  /* Special case: No FROM clause
  */
  if( nTabList==0 ){
    if( pOrderBy ) pWInfo->nOBSat = pOrderBy->nExpr;
    if( wctrlFlags & WHERE_WANT_DISTINCT ){
      pWInfo->eDistinct = WHERE_DISTINCT_UNIQUE;
    }
    ExplainQueryPlan((pParse, 0, "SCAN CONSTANT ROW"));
  }else{
    /* Assign a bit from the bitmask to every term in the FROM clause.
    **
    ** The N-th term of the FROM clause is assigned a bitmask of 1<<N.
    **
    ** The rule of the previous sentence ensures thta if X is the bitmask for
    ** a table T, then X-1 is the bitmask for all other tables to the left of T.

Changes to src/wherecode.c.

130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
...
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
...
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217

218
219
220
221
222
223
224
....
1211
1212
1213
1214
1215
1216
1217



1218
1219
1220
1221
1222
1223
1224
....
1744
1745
1746
1747
1748
1749
1750






1751

1752
1753
1754
1755
1756
1757
1758
1759
1760
....
1902
1903
1904
1905
1906
1907
1908
1909
1910
1911
1912
1913
1914
1915
1916
....
1921
1922
1923
1924
1925
1926
1927

1928
1929
1930
1931
1932
1933

1934


1935
1936
1937
1938
1939
1940
1941
....
2038
2039
2040
2041
2042
2043
2044

2045
2046
2047
2048
2049
2050
2051
....
2110
2111
2112
2113
2114
2115
2116
2117
2118
2119
2120
2121
2122
2123
2124
#if !defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) && !defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_STMT_SCANSTATUS)
  if( sqlite3ParseToplevel(pParse)->explain==2 )
#endif
  {
    struct SrcList_item *pItem = &pTabList->a[pLevel->iFrom];
    Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;      /* VM being constructed */
    sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;     /* Database handle */
    int iId = pParse->iSelectId;  /* Select id (left-most output column) */
    int isSearch;                 /* True for a SEARCH. False for SCAN. */
    WhereLoop *pLoop;             /* The controlling WhereLoop object */
    u32 flags;                    /* Flags that describe this loop */
    char *zMsg;                   /* Text to add to EQP output */
    StrAccum str;                 /* EQP output string */
    char zBuf[100];               /* Initial space for EQP output string */

................................................................................
    isSearch = (flags&(WHERE_BTM_LIMIT|WHERE_TOP_LIMIT))!=0
            || ((flags&WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE)==0 && (pLoop->u.btree.nEq>0))
            || (wctrlFlags&(WHERE_ORDERBY_MIN|WHERE_ORDERBY_MAX));

    sqlite3StrAccumInit(&str, db, zBuf, sizeof(zBuf), SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH);
    sqlite3StrAccumAppendAll(&str, isSearch ? "SEARCH" : "SCAN");
    if( pItem->pSelect ){
      sqlite3XPrintf(&str, " SUBQUERY %d", pItem->iSelectId);
    }else{
      sqlite3XPrintf(&str, " TABLE %s", pItem->zName);
    }

    if( pItem->zAlias ){
      sqlite3XPrintf(&str, " AS %s", pItem->zAlias);
    }
................................................................................
    if( pLoop->nOut>=10 ){
      sqlite3XPrintf(&str, " (~%llu rows)", sqlite3LogEstToInt(pLoop->nOut));
    }else{
      sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&str, " (~1 row)", 9);
    }
#endif
    zMsg = sqlite3StrAccumFinish(&str);
    ret = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Explain, iId, iLevel, iFrom, zMsg,P4_DYNAMIC);

  }
  return ret;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN */

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STMT_SCANSTATUS
/*
................................................................................
  addrBrk = pLevel->addrBrk = pLevel->addrNxt = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
  addrCont = pLevel->addrCont = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);

  /* If this is the right table of a LEFT OUTER JOIN, allocate and
  ** initialize a memory cell that records if this table matches any
  ** row of the left table of the join.
  */



  if( pLevel->iFrom>0 && (pTabItem[0].fg.jointype & JT_LEFT)!=0 ){
    pLevel->iLeftJoin = ++pParse->nMem;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, pLevel->iLeftJoin);
    VdbeComment((v, "init LEFT JOIN no-match flag"));
  }

  /* Compute a safe address to jump to if we discover that the table for
................................................................................
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_NotFound, iCur, addrCont,
                           iRowidReg, pPk->nKeyCol); VdbeCoverage(v);
    }

    /* If pIdx is an index on one or more expressions, then look through
    ** all the expressions in pWInfo and try to transform matching expressions
    ** into reference to index columns.






    */

    whereIndexExprTrans(pIdx, iCur, iIdxCur, pWInfo);


    /* Record the instruction used to terminate the loop. */
    if( pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_ONEROW ){
      pLevel->op = OP_Noop;
    }else if( bRev ){
      pLevel->op = OP_Prev;
    }else{
................................................................................
    ** See ticket http://www.sqlite.org/src/info/f2369304e4
    */
    if( pWC->nTerm>1 ){
      int iTerm;
      for(iTerm=0; iTerm<pWC->nTerm; iTerm++){
        Expr *pExpr = pWC->a[iTerm].pExpr;
        if( &pWC->a[iTerm] == pTerm ) continue;
        if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_FromJoin) ) continue;
        testcase( pWC->a[iTerm].wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL );
        testcase( pWC->a[iTerm].wtFlags & TERM_CODED );
        if( (pWC->a[iTerm].wtFlags & (TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_CODED))!=0 ) continue;
        if( (pWC->a[iTerm].eOperator & WO_ALL)==0 ) continue;
        testcase( pWC->a[iTerm].wtFlags & TERM_ORINFO );
        pExpr = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pExpr, 0);
        pAndExpr = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, pAndExpr, pExpr);
................................................................................
    }

    /* Run a separate WHERE clause for each term of the OR clause.  After
    ** eliminating duplicates from other WHERE clauses, the action for each
    ** sub-WHERE clause is to to invoke the main loop body as a subroutine.
    */
    wctrlFlags =  WHERE_OR_SUBCLAUSE | (pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_SEEK_TABLE);

    for(ii=0; ii<pOrWc->nTerm; ii++){
      WhereTerm *pOrTerm = &pOrWc->a[ii];
      if( pOrTerm->leftCursor==iCur || (pOrTerm->eOperator & WO_AND)!=0 ){
        WhereInfo *pSubWInfo;           /* Info for single OR-term scan */
        Expr *pOrExpr = pOrTerm->pExpr; /* Current OR clause term */
        int jmp1 = 0;                   /* Address of jump operation */

        if( pAndExpr && !ExprHasProperty(pOrExpr, EP_FromJoin) ){


          pAndExpr->pLeft = pOrExpr;
          pOrExpr = pAndExpr;
        }
        /* Loop through table entries that match term pOrTerm. */
        WHERETRACE(0xffff, ("Subplan for OR-clause:\n"));
        pSubWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(pParse, pOrTab, pOrExpr, 0, 0,
                                      wctrlFlags, iCovCur);
................................................................................
          }

          /* Finish the loop through table entries that match term pOrTerm. */
          sqlite3WhereEnd(pSubWInfo);
        }
      }
    }

    pLevel->u.pCovidx = pCov;
    if( pCov ) pLevel->iIdxCur = iCovCur;
    if( pAndExpr ){
      pAndExpr->pLeft = 0;
      sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pAndExpr);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, iRetInit, sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v));
................................................................................
        testcase( pWInfo->untestedTerms==0
            && (pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_OR_SUBCLAUSE)!=0 );
        pWInfo->untestedTerms = 1;
        continue;
      }
      pE = pTerm->pExpr;
      assert( pE!=0 );
      if( pLevel->iLeftJoin && !ExprHasProperty(pE, EP_FromJoin) ){
        continue;
      }
      
      if( iLoop==1 && !sqlite3ExprCoveredByIndex(pE, pLevel->iTabCur, pIdx) ){
        iNext = 2;
        continue;
      }







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#if !defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) && !defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_STMT_SCANSTATUS)
  if( sqlite3ParseToplevel(pParse)->explain==2 )
#endif
  {
    struct SrcList_item *pItem = &pTabList->a[pLevel->iFrom];
    Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;      /* VM being constructed */
    sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;     /* Database handle */

    int isSearch;                 /* True for a SEARCH. False for SCAN. */
    WhereLoop *pLoop;             /* The controlling WhereLoop object */
    u32 flags;                    /* Flags that describe this loop */
    char *zMsg;                   /* Text to add to EQP output */
    StrAccum str;                 /* EQP output string */
    char zBuf[100];               /* Initial space for EQP output string */

................................................................................
    isSearch = (flags&(WHERE_BTM_LIMIT|WHERE_TOP_LIMIT))!=0
            || ((flags&WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE)==0 && (pLoop->u.btree.nEq>0))
            || (wctrlFlags&(WHERE_ORDERBY_MIN|WHERE_ORDERBY_MAX));

    sqlite3StrAccumInit(&str, db, zBuf, sizeof(zBuf), SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH);
    sqlite3StrAccumAppendAll(&str, isSearch ? "SEARCH" : "SCAN");
    if( pItem->pSelect ){
      sqlite3XPrintf(&str, " SUBQUERY 0x%p", pItem->pSelect);
    }else{
      sqlite3XPrintf(&str, " TABLE %s", pItem->zName);
    }

    if( pItem->zAlias ){
      sqlite3XPrintf(&str, " AS %s", pItem->zAlias);
    }
................................................................................
    if( pLoop->nOut>=10 ){
      sqlite3XPrintf(&str, " (~%llu rows)", sqlite3LogEstToInt(pLoop->nOut));
    }else{
      sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&str, " (~1 row)", 9);
    }
#endif
    zMsg = sqlite3StrAccumFinish(&str);
    ret = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Explain, sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v),
                            pParse->addrExplain, 0, zMsg,P4_DYNAMIC);
  }
  return ret;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN */

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STMT_SCANSTATUS
/*
................................................................................
  addrBrk = pLevel->addrBrk = pLevel->addrNxt = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
  addrCont = pLevel->addrCont = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);

  /* If this is the right table of a LEFT OUTER JOIN, allocate and
  ** initialize a memory cell that records if this table matches any
  ** row of the left table of the join.
  */
  assert( (pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_OR_SUBCLAUSE)
       || pLevel->iFrom>0 || (pTabItem[0].fg.jointype & JT_LEFT)==0
  );
  if( pLevel->iFrom>0 && (pTabItem[0].fg.jointype & JT_LEFT)!=0 ){
    pLevel->iLeftJoin = ++pParse->nMem;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, pLevel->iLeftJoin);
    VdbeComment((v, "init LEFT JOIN no-match flag"));
  }

  /* Compute a safe address to jump to if we discover that the table for
................................................................................
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_NotFound, iCur, addrCont,
                           iRowidReg, pPk->nKeyCol); VdbeCoverage(v);
    }

    /* If pIdx is an index on one or more expressions, then look through
    ** all the expressions in pWInfo and try to transform matching expressions
    ** into reference to index columns.
    **
    ** Do not do this for the RHS of a LEFT JOIN. This is because the 
    ** expression may be evaluated after OP_NullRow has been executed on
    ** the cursor. In this case it is important to do the full evaluation,
    ** as the result of the expression may not be NULL, even if all table
    ** column values are.  https://www.sqlite.org/src/info/7fa8049685b50b5a
    */
    if( pLevel->iLeftJoin==0 ){
      whereIndexExprTrans(pIdx, iCur, iIdxCur, pWInfo);
    }

    /* Record the instruction used to terminate the loop. */
    if( pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_ONEROW ){
      pLevel->op = OP_Noop;
    }else if( bRev ){
      pLevel->op = OP_Prev;
    }else{
................................................................................
    ** See ticket http://www.sqlite.org/src/info/f2369304e4
    */
    if( pWC->nTerm>1 ){
      int iTerm;
      for(iTerm=0; iTerm<pWC->nTerm; iTerm++){
        Expr *pExpr = pWC->a[iTerm].pExpr;
        if( &pWC->a[iTerm] == pTerm ) continue;

        testcase( pWC->a[iTerm].wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL );
        testcase( pWC->a[iTerm].wtFlags & TERM_CODED );
        if( (pWC->a[iTerm].wtFlags & (TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_CODED))!=0 ) continue;
        if( (pWC->a[iTerm].eOperator & WO_ALL)==0 ) continue;
        testcase( pWC->a[iTerm].wtFlags & TERM_ORINFO );
        pExpr = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pExpr, 0);
        pAndExpr = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, pAndExpr, pExpr);
................................................................................
    }

    /* Run a separate WHERE clause for each term of the OR clause.  After
    ** eliminating duplicates from other WHERE clauses, the action for each
    ** sub-WHERE clause is to to invoke the main loop body as a subroutine.
    */
    wctrlFlags =  WHERE_OR_SUBCLAUSE | (pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_SEEK_TABLE);
    ExplainQueryPlan((pParse, 1, "MULTI-INDEX OR"));
    for(ii=0; ii<pOrWc->nTerm; ii++){
      WhereTerm *pOrTerm = &pOrWc->a[ii];
      if( pOrTerm->leftCursor==iCur || (pOrTerm->eOperator & WO_AND)!=0 ){
        WhereInfo *pSubWInfo;           /* Info for single OR-term scan */
        Expr *pOrExpr = pOrTerm->pExpr; /* Current OR clause term */
        int jmp1 = 0;                   /* Address of jump operation */
        assert( (pTabItem[0].fg.jointype & JT_LEFT)==0 
             || ExprHasProperty(pOrExpr, EP_FromJoin) 
        );
        if( pAndExpr ){
          pAndExpr->pLeft = pOrExpr;
          pOrExpr = pAndExpr;
        }
        /* Loop through table entries that match term pOrTerm. */
        WHERETRACE(0xffff, ("Subplan for OR-clause:\n"));
        pSubWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(pParse, pOrTab, pOrExpr, 0, 0,
                                      wctrlFlags, iCovCur);
................................................................................
          }

          /* Finish the loop through table entries that match term pOrTerm. */
          sqlite3WhereEnd(pSubWInfo);
        }
      }
    }
    ExplainQueryPlanPop(pParse);
    pLevel->u.pCovidx = pCov;
    if( pCov ) pLevel->iIdxCur = iCovCur;
    if( pAndExpr ){
      pAndExpr->pLeft = 0;
      sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pAndExpr);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, iRetInit, sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v));
................................................................................
        testcase( pWInfo->untestedTerms==0
            && (pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_OR_SUBCLAUSE)!=0 );
        pWInfo->untestedTerms = 1;
        continue;
      }
      pE = pTerm->pExpr;
      assert( pE!=0 );
      if( (pTabItem->fg.jointype&JT_LEFT) && !ExprHasProperty(pE,EP_FromJoin) ){
        continue;
      }
      
      if( iLoop==1 && !sqlite3ExprCoveredByIndex(pE, pLevel->iTabCur, pIdx) ){
        iNext = 2;
        continue;
      }

Changes to src/whereexpr.c.

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        testcase( idxNew==0 );
        exprAnalyze(pSrc, pWC, idxNew);
        pTerm = &pWC->a[idxTerm];
        markTermAsChild(pWC, idxNew, idxTerm);
      }else{
        sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, pList);
      }
      pTerm->eOperator = WO_NOOP;  /* case 1 trumps case 3 */
    }
  }
}
#endif /* !SQLITE_OMIT_OR_OPTIMIZATION && !SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY */

/*
** We already know that pExpr is a binary operator where both operands are







<







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        testcase( idxNew==0 );
        exprAnalyze(pSrc, pWC, idxNew);
        pTerm = &pWC->a[idxTerm];
        markTermAsChild(pWC, idxNew, idxTerm);
      }else{
        sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, pList);
      }

    }
  }
}
#endif /* !SQLITE_OMIT_OR_OPTIMIZATION && !SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY */

/*
** We already know that pExpr is a binary operator where both operands are

Changes to test/analyze3.test.

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# The first of the following two SELECT statements visits 99 rows. So
# it is better to use the index. But the second visits every row in 
# the table (1000 in total) so it is better to do a full-table scan.
#
do_eqp_test analyze3-1.1.2 {
  SELECT sum(y) FROM t1 WHERE x>200 AND x<300
} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i1 (x>? AND x<?)}}
do_eqp_test analyze3-1.1.3 {
  SELECT sum(y) FROM t1 WHERE x>0 AND x<1100 
} {0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1}}

# 2017-06-26:  Verify that the SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_QPSG setting disables
# the use of bound parameters by STAT4
#
db cache flush
unset -nocomplain l
unset -nocomplain u
do_eqp_test analyze3-1.1.3.100 {
  SELECT sum(y) FROM t1 WHERE x>$l AND x<$u
} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i1 (x>? AND x<?)}}
set l 200
set u 300
do_eqp_test analyze3-1.1.3.101 {
  SELECT sum(y) FROM t1 WHERE x>$l AND x<$u
} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i1 (x>? AND x<?)}}
set l 0
set u 1100
do_eqp_test analyze3-1.1.3.102 {
  SELECT sum(y) FROM t1 WHERE x>$l AND x<$u
} {0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1}}
db cache flush
sqlite3_db_config db ENABLE_QPSG 1
do_eqp_test analyze3-1.1.3.103 {
  SELECT sum(y) FROM t1 WHERE x>$l AND x<$u
} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i1 (x>? AND x<?)}}
db cache flush
sqlite3_db_config db ENABLE_QPSG 0
do_eqp_test analyze3-1.1.3.104 {
  SELECT sum(y) FROM t1 WHERE x>$l AND x<$u
} {0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1}}

do_test analyze3-1.1.4 {
  sf_execsql { SELECT sum(y) FROM t1 WHERE x>200 AND x<300 }
} {199 0 14850}
do_test analyze3-1.1.5 {
  set l [string range "200" 0 end]
  set u [string range "300" 0 end]
................................................................................
} {}
do_execsql_test analyze3-2.1.x {
  SELECT count(*) FROM t2 WHERE x>1 AND x<2;
  SELECT count(*) FROM t2 WHERE x>0 AND x<99;
} {200 990}
do_eqp_test analyze3-1.2.2 {
  SELECT sum(y) FROM t2 WHERE x>1 AND x<2
} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t2 USING INDEX i2 (x>? AND x<?)}}
do_eqp_test analyze3-1.2.3 {
  SELECT sum(y) FROM t2 WHERE x>0 AND x<99
} {0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2}}

do_test analyze3-1.2.4 {
  sf_execsql { SELECT sum(y) FROM t2 WHERE x>12 AND x<20 }
} {161 0 4760}
do_test analyze3-1.2.5 {
  set l [string range "12" 0 end]
  set u [string range "20" 0 end]
................................................................................
} {}
do_execsql_test analyze3-1.3.x {
  SELECT count(*) FROM t3 WHERE x>200 AND x<300;
  SELECT count(*) FROM t3 WHERE x>0 AND x<1100
} {99 1000}
do_eqp_test analyze3-1.3.2 {
  SELECT sum(y) FROM t3 WHERE x>200 AND x<300
} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t3 USING INDEX i3 (x>? AND x<?)}}
do_eqp_test analyze3-1.3.3 {
  SELECT sum(y) FROM t3 WHERE x>0 AND x<1100
} {0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t3}}

do_test analyze3-1.3.4 {
  sf_execsql { SELECT sum(y) FROM t3 WHERE x>200 AND x<300 }
} {199 0 14850}
do_test analyze3-1.3.5 {
  set l [string range "200" 0 end]
  set u [string range "300" 0 end]
................................................................................
    append t [lindex {a b c d e f g h i j} [expr ($i%10)]]
    execsql { INSERT INTO t1 VALUES($i, $t) }
  }
  execsql COMMIT
} {}
do_eqp_test analyze3-2.2 {
  SELECT count(a) FROM t1 WHERE b LIKE 'a%'
} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i1 (b>? AND b<?)}}
do_eqp_test analyze3-2.3 {
  SELECT count(a) FROM t1 WHERE b LIKE '%a'
} {0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1}}

# Return the first argument if like_match_blobs is true (the default)
# or the second argument if not
#
proc ilmb {a b} {
  ifcapable like_match_blobs {return $a}
  return $b
................................................................................
  }
  execsql COMMIT
  execsql ANALYZE
} {}

do_eqp_test analyze3-6-3 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a = 5 AND c = 13;
} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i2 (c=?)}}

do_eqp_test analyze3-6-2 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a = 5 AND b > 'w' AND c = 13;
} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i2 (c=?)}}

#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
# 2015-04-20.
# Memory leak in sqlite3Stat4ProbeFree().  (Discovered while fuzzing.)
#
do_execsql_test analyze-7.1 {
  DROP TABLE IF EXISTS t1;







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# The first of the following two SELECT statements visits 99 rows. So
# it is better to use the index. But the second visits every row in 
# the table (1000 in total) so it is better to do a full-table scan.
#
do_eqp_test analyze3-1.1.2 {
  SELECT sum(y) FROM t1 WHERE x>200 AND x<300
} {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i1 (x>? AND x<?)}
do_eqp_test analyze3-1.1.3 {
  SELECT sum(y) FROM t1 WHERE x>0 AND x<1100 
} {SCAN TABLE t1}

# 2017-06-26:  Verify that the SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_QPSG setting disables
# the use of bound parameters by STAT4
#
db cache flush
unset -nocomplain l
unset -nocomplain u
do_eqp_test analyze3-1.1.3.100 {
  SELECT sum(y) FROM t1 WHERE x>$l AND x<$u
} {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i1 (x>? AND x<?)}
set l 200
set u 300
do_eqp_test analyze3-1.1.3.101 {
  SELECT sum(y) FROM t1 WHERE x>$l AND x<$u
} {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i1 (x>? AND x<?)}
set l 0
set u 1100
do_eqp_test analyze3-1.1.3.102 {
  SELECT sum(y) FROM t1 WHERE x>$l AND x<$u
} {SCAN TABLE t1}
db cache flush
sqlite3_db_config db ENABLE_QPSG 1
do_eqp_test analyze3-1.1.3.103 {
  SELECT sum(y) FROM t1 WHERE x>$l AND x<$u
} {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i1 (x>? AND x<?)}
db cache flush
sqlite3_db_config db ENABLE_QPSG 0
do_eqp_test analyze3-1.1.3.104 {
  SELECT sum(y) FROM t1 WHERE x>$l AND x<$u
} {SCAN TABLE t1}

do_test analyze3-1.1.4 {
  sf_execsql { SELECT sum(y) FROM t1 WHERE x>200 AND x<300 }
} {199 0 14850}
do_test analyze3-1.1.5 {
  set l [string range "200" 0 end]
  set u [string range "300" 0 end]
................................................................................
} {}
do_execsql_test analyze3-2.1.x {
  SELECT count(*) FROM t2 WHERE x>1 AND x<2;
  SELECT count(*) FROM t2 WHERE x>0 AND x<99;
} {200 990}
do_eqp_test analyze3-1.2.2 {
  SELECT sum(y) FROM t2 WHERE x>1 AND x<2
} {SEARCH TABLE t2 USING INDEX i2 (x>? AND x<?)}
do_eqp_test analyze3-1.2.3 {
  SELECT sum(y) FROM t2 WHERE x>0 AND x<99
} {SCAN TABLE t2}

do_test analyze3-1.2.4 {
  sf_execsql { SELECT sum(y) FROM t2 WHERE x>12 AND x<20 }
} {161 0 4760}
do_test analyze3-1.2.5 {
  set l [string range "12" 0 end]
  set u [string range "20" 0 end]
................................................................................
} {}
do_execsql_test analyze3-1.3.x {
  SELECT count(*) FROM t3 WHERE x>200 AND x<300;
  SELECT count(*) FROM t3 WHERE x>0 AND x<1100
} {99 1000}
do_eqp_test analyze3-1.3.2 {
  SELECT sum(y) FROM t3 WHERE x>200 AND x<300
} {SEARCH TABLE t3 USING INDEX i3 (x>? AND x<?)}
do_eqp_test analyze3-1.3.3 {
  SELECT sum(y) FROM t3 WHERE x>0 AND x<1100
} {SCAN TABLE t3}

do_test analyze3-1.3.4 {
  sf_execsql { SELECT sum(y) FROM t3 WHERE x>200 AND x<300 }
} {199 0 14850}
do_test analyze3-1.3.5 {
  set l [string range "200" 0 end]
  set u [string range "300" 0 end]
................................................................................
    append t [lindex {a b c d e f g h i j} [expr ($i%10)]]
    execsql { INSERT INTO t1 VALUES($i, $t) }
  }
  execsql COMMIT
} {}
do_eqp_test analyze3-2.2 {
  SELECT count(a) FROM t1 WHERE b LIKE 'a%'
} {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i1 (b>? AND b<?)}
do_eqp_test analyze3-2.3 {
  SELECT count(a) FROM t1 WHERE b LIKE '%a'
} {SCAN TABLE t1}

# Return the first argument if like_match_blobs is true (the default)
# or the second argument if not
#
proc ilmb {a b} {
  ifcapable like_match_blobs {return $a}
  return $b
................................................................................
  }
  execsql COMMIT
  execsql ANALYZE
} {}

do_eqp_test analyze3-6-3 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a = 5 AND c = 13;
} {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i2 (c=?)}

do_eqp_test analyze3-6-2 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a = 5 AND b > 'w' AND c = 13;
} {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i2 (c=?)}

#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
# 2015-04-20.
# Memory leak in sqlite3Stat4ProbeFree().  (Discovered while fuzzing.)
#
do_execsql_test analyze-7.1 {
  DROP TABLE IF EXISTS t1;

Changes to test/analyze4.test.

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    INSERT INTO t1 SELECT a+32, b FROM t1;
    INSERT INTO t1 SELECT a+64, b FROM t1;
    ANALYZE;
  }

  # Should choose the t1a index since it is more specific than t1b.
  db eval {EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a=5 AND b IS NULL}
} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1a (a=?)}}

# Verify that the t1b index shows that it does not narrow down the
# search any at all.
#
do_test analyze4-1.1 {
  db eval {
    SELECT idx, stat FROM sqlite_stat1 WHERE tbl='t1' ORDER BY idx;







|







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    INSERT INTO t1 SELECT a+32, b FROM t1;
    INSERT INTO t1 SELECT a+64, b FROM t1;
    ANALYZE;
  }

  # Should choose the t1a index since it is more specific than t1b.
  db eval {EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a=5 AND b IS NULL}
} {/*SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1a (a=?)*/}

# Verify that the t1b index shows that it does not narrow down the
# search any at all.
#
do_test analyze4-1.1 {
  db eval {
    SELECT idx, stat FROM sqlite_stat1 WHERE tbl='t1' ORDER BY idx;

Changes to test/analyze6.test.

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# The lowest cost plan is to scan CAT and for each integer there, do a single
# lookup of the first corresponding entry in EV then read off the equal values
# in EV.  (Prior to the 2011-03-04 enhancement to where.c, this query would
# have used EV for the outer loop instead of CAT - which was about 3x slower.)
#
do_test analyze6-1.1 {
  eqp {SELECT count(*) FROM ev, cat WHERE x=y}
} {0 0 1 {SCAN TABLE cat USING COVERING INDEX catx} 0 1 0 {SEARCH TABLE ev USING COVERING INDEX evy (y=?)}}

# The same plan is chosen regardless of the order of the tables in the
# FROM clause.
#
do_test analyze6-1.2 {
  eqp {SELECT count(*) FROM cat, ev WHERE x=y}



} {0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE cat USING COVERING INDEX catx} 0 1 1 {SEARCH TABLE ev USING COVERING INDEX evy (y=?)}}



# Ticket [83ea97620bd3101645138b7b0e71c12c5498fe3d] 2011-03-30
# If ANALYZE is run on an empty table, make sure indices are used
# on the table.
#
do_test analyze6-2.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE t201(x INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, y UNIQUE, z);
    CREATE INDEX t201z ON t201(z);
    ANALYZE;
  }
  eqp {SELECT * FROM t201 WHERE z=5}
} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t201 USING INDEX t201z (z=?)}}
do_test analyze6-2.2 {
  eqp {SELECT * FROM t201 WHERE y=5}
} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t201 USING INDEX sqlite_autoindex_t201_1 (y=?)}}
do_test analyze6-2.3 {
  eqp {SELECT * FROM t201 WHERE x=5}
} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t201 USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?)}}
do_test analyze6-2.4 {
  execsql {
    INSERT INTO t201 VALUES(1,2,3),(2,3,4),(3,4,5);
    ANALYZE t201;
  }
  eqp {SELECT * FROM t201 WHERE z=5}
} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t201 USING INDEX t201z (z=?)}}
do_test analyze6-2.5 {
  eqp {SELECT * FROM t201 WHERE y=5}
} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t201 USING INDEX sqlite_autoindex_t201_1 (y=?)}}
do_test analyze6-2.6 {
  eqp {SELECT * FROM t201 WHERE x=5}
} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t201 USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?)}}
do_test analyze6-2.7 {
  execsql {
    INSERT INTO t201 VALUES(4,5,7);
    INSERT INTO t201 SELECT x+100, y+100, z+100 FROM t201;
    INSERT INTO t201 SELECT x+200, y+200, z+200 FROM t201;
    INSERT INTO t201 SELECT x+400, y+400, z+400 FROM t201;
    ANALYZE t201;
  }
  eqp {SELECT * FROM t201 WHERE z=5}
} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t201 USING INDEX t201z (z=?)}}
do_test analyze6-2.8 {
  eqp {SELECT * FROM t201 WHERE y=5}
} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t201 USING INDEX sqlite_autoindex_t201_1 (y=?)}}
do_test analyze6-2.9 {
  eqp {SELECT * FROM t201 WHERE x=5}
} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t201 USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?)}}

finish_test







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# The lowest cost plan is to scan CAT and for each integer there, do a single
# lookup of the first corresponding entry in EV then read off the equal values
# in EV.  (Prior to the 2011-03-04 enhancement to where.c, this query would
# have used EV for the outer loop instead of CAT - which was about 3x slower.)
#
do_test analyze6-1.1 {
  eqp {SELECT count(*) FROM ev, cat WHERE x=y}
} {/*SCAN TABLE cat USING COVERING INDEX catx*SEARCH TABLE ev USING COVERING INDEX evy (y=?)*/}

# The same plan is chosen regardless of the order of the tables in the
# FROM clause.
#
do_eqp_test analyze6-1.2 {
  SELECT count(*) FROM cat, ev WHERE x=y
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE cat USING COVERING INDEX catx
  `--SEARCH TABLE ev USING COVERING INDEX evy (y=?)
}


# Ticket [83ea97620bd3101645138b7b0e71c12c5498fe3d] 2011-03-30
# If ANALYZE is run on an empty table, make sure indices are used
# on the table.
#
do_test analyze6-2.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE t201(x INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, y UNIQUE, z);
    CREATE INDEX t201z ON t201(z);
    ANALYZE;
  }
  eqp {SELECT * FROM t201 WHERE z=5}
} {/*SEARCH TABLE t201 USING INDEX t201z (z=?)*/}
do_test analyze6-2.2 {
  eqp {SELECT * FROM t201 WHERE y=5}
} {/*SEARCH TABLE t201 USING INDEX sqlite_autoindex_t201_1 (y=?)*/}
do_test analyze6-2.3 {
  eqp {SELECT * FROM t201 WHERE x=5}
} {/*SEARCH TABLE t201 USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?)*/}
do_test analyze6-2.4 {
  execsql {
    INSERT INTO t201 VALUES(1,2,3),(2,3,4),(3,4,5);
    ANALYZE t201;
  }
  eqp {SELECT * FROM t201 WHERE z=5}
} {/*SEARCH TABLE t201 USING INDEX t201z (z=?)*/}
do_test analyze6-2.5 {
  eqp {SELECT * FROM t201 WHERE y=5}
} {/*SEARCH TABLE t201 USING INDEX sqlite_autoindex_t201_1 (y=?)*/}
do_test analyze6-2.6 {
  eqp {SELECT * FROM t201 WHERE x=5}
} {/*SEARCH TABLE t201 USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?)*/}
do_test analyze6-2.7 {
  execsql {
    INSERT INTO t201 VALUES(4,5,7);
    INSERT INTO t201 SELECT x+100, y+100, z+100 FROM t201;
    INSERT INTO t201 SELECT x+200, y+200, z+200 FROM t201;
    INSERT INTO t201 SELECT x+400, y+400, z+400 FROM t201;
    ANALYZE t201;
  }
  eqp {SELECT * FROM t201 WHERE z=5}
} {/*SEARCH TABLE t201 USING INDEX t201z (z=?)*/}
do_test analyze6-2.8 {
  eqp {SELECT * FROM t201 WHERE y=5}
} {/*SEARCH TABLE t201 USING INDEX sqlite_autoindex_t201_1 (y=?)*/}
do_test analyze6-2.9 {
  eqp {SELECT * FROM t201 WHERE x=5}
} {/*SEARCH TABLE t201 USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?)*/}

finish_test

Changes to test/analyze7.test.

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    CREATE INDEX t1b ON t1(b);
    CREATE INDEX t1cd ON t1(c,d);
    CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE nums USING wholenumber;
    INSERT INTO t1 SELECT value, value, value/100, value FROM nums
                    WHERE value BETWEEN 1 AND 256;
    EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a=123;
  }
} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1a (a=?)}}
do_test analyze7-1.1 {
  execsql {EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE b=123;}
} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1b (b=?)}}
do_test analyze7-1.2 {
  execsql {EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE c=2;}
} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1cd (c=?)}}

# Run an analyze on one of the three indices.  Verify that this
# effects the row-count estimate on the one query that uses that
# one index.
#
do_test analyze7-2.0 {
  execsql {ANALYZE t1a;}
  db cache flush
  execsql {EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a=123;}
} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1a (a=?)}}
do_test analyze7-2.1 {
  execsql {EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE b=123;}
} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1b (b=?)}}
do_test analyze7-2.2 {
  execsql {EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE c=2;}
} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1cd (c=?)}}

# Verify that since the query planner now things that t1a is more
# selective than t1b, it prefers to use t1a.
#
do_test analyze7-2.3 {
  execsql {EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a=123 AND b=123}
} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1a (a=?)}}

# Run an analysis on another of the three indices.  Verify  that this
# new analysis works and does not disrupt the previous analysis.
#
do_test analyze7-3.0 {
  execsql {ANALYZE t1cd;}
  db cache flush;
  execsql {EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a=123;}
} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1a (a=?)}}
do_test analyze7-3.1 {
  execsql {EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE b=123;}
} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1b (b=?)}}
do_test analyze7-3.2.1 {
  execsql {EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE c=?;}
} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1cd (c=?)}}
ifcapable stat4||stat3 {
  # If ENABLE_STAT4 is defined, SQLite comes up with a different estimated
  # row count for (c=2) than it does for (c=?).
  do_test analyze7-3.2.2 {
    execsql {EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE c=2;}
  } {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1cd (c=?)}}
} else {
  # If ENABLE_STAT4 is not defined, the expected row count for (c=2) is the
  # same as that for (c=?).
  do_test analyze7-3.2.3 {
    execsql {EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE c=2;}
  } {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1cd (c=?)}}
}
do_test analyze7-3.3 {
  execsql {EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a=123 AND b=123}
} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1a (a=?)}}

ifcapable {!stat4 && !stat3} {
  do_test analyze7-3.4 {
    execsql {EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE c=123 AND b=123}
  } {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1b (b=?)}}
  do_test analyze7-3.5 {
    execsql {EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a=123 AND c=123}
  } {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1a (a=?)}}
}
do_test analyze7-3.6 {
  execsql {EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE c=123 AND d=123 AND b=123}
} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1cd (c=? AND d=?)}}

finish_test







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    CREATE INDEX t1b ON t1(b);
    CREATE INDEX t1cd ON t1(c,d);
    CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE nums USING wholenumber;
    INSERT INTO t1 SELECT value, value, value/100, value FROM nums
                    WHERE value BETWEEN 1 AND 256;
    EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a=123;
  }
} {/*SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1a (a=?)*/}
do_test analyze7-1.1 {
  execsql {EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE b=123;}
} {/*SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1b (b=?)*/}
do_test analyze7-1.2 {
  execsql {EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE c=2;}
} {/*SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1cd (c=?)*/}

# Run an analyze on one of the three indices.  Verify that this
# effects the row-count estimate on the one query that uses that
# one index.
#
do_test analyze7-2.0 {
  execsql {ANALYZE t1a;}
  db cache flush
  execsql {EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a=123;}
} {/*SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1a (a=?)*/}
do_test analyze7-2.1 {
  execsql {EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE b=123;}
} {/*SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1b (b=?)*/}
do_test analyze7-2.2 {
  execsql {EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE c=2;}
} {/*SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1cd (c=?)*/}

# Verify that since the query planner now things that t1a is more
# selective than t1b, it prefers to use t1a.
#
do_test analyze7-2.3 {
  execsql {EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a=123 AND b=123}
} {/*SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1a (a=?)*/}

# Run an analysis on another of the three indices.  Verify  that this
# new analysis works and does not disrupt the previous analysis.
#
do_test analyze7-3.0 {
  execsql {ANALYZE t1cd;}
  db cache flush;
  execsql {EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a=123;}
} {/*SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1a (a=?)*/}
do_test analyze7-3.1 {
  execsql {EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE b=123;}
} {/*SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1b (b=?)*/}
do_test analyze7-3.2.1 {
  execsql {EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE c=?;}
} {/*SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1cd (c=?)*/}
ifcapable stat4||stat3 {
  # If ENABLE_STAT4 is defined, SQLite comes up with a different estimated
  # row count for (c=2) than it does for (c=?).
  do_test analyze7-3.2.2 {
    execsql {EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE c=2;}
  } {/*SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1cd (c=?)*/}
} else {
  # If ENABLE_STAT4 is not defined, the expected row count for (c=2) is the
  # same as that for (c=?).
  do_test analyze7-3.2.3 {
    execsql {EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE c=2;}
  } {/*SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1cd (c=?)*/}
}
do_test analyze7-3.3 {
  execsql {EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a=123 AND b=123}
} {/*SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1a (a=?)*/}

ifcapable {!stat4 && !stat3} {
  do_test analyze7-3.4 {
    execsql {EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE c=123 AND b=123}
  } {/*SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1b (b=?)*/}
  do_test analyze7-3.5 {
    execsql {EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a=123 AND c=123}
  } {/*SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1a (a=?)*/}
}
do_test analyze7-3.6 {
  execsql {EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE c=123 AND d=123 AND b=123}
} {/*SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1cd (c=? AND d=?)*/}

finish_test

Changes to test/analyze8.test.

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# with a==100.  And so for those cases, choose the t1b index.
#
# Buf ro a==99 and a==101, there are far fewer rows so choose
# the t1a index.
#
do_test 1.1 {
  eqp {SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a=100 AND b=55}
} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1b (b=?)}}
do_test 1.2 {
  eqp {SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a=99 AND b=55}
} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1a (a=?)}}
do_test 1.3 {
  eqp {SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a=101 AND b=55}
} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1a (a=?)}}
do_test 1.4 {
  eqp {SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a=100 AND b=56}
} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1b (b=?)}}
do_test 1.5 {
  eqp {SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a=99 AND b=56}
} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1a (a=?)}}
do_test 1.6 {
  eqp {SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a=101 AND b=56}
} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1a (a=?)}}
do_test 2.1 {
  eqp {SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a=100 AND b BETWEEN 50 AND 54}
} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1b (b>? AND b<?)}}

# There are many more values of c between 0 and 100000 than there are
# between 800000 and 900000.  So t1c is more selective for the latter
# range.
# 
# Test 3.2 is a little unstable. It depends on the planner estimating
# that (b BETWEEN 30 AND 34) will match more rows than (c BETWEEN
................................................................................
do_execsql_test 3.0 {
  SELECT count(*) FROM t1 WHERE b BETWEEN 30 AND 34;
  SELECT count(*) FROM t1 WHERE c BETWEEN 0 AND 100000;
  SELECT count(*) FROM t1 WHERE c BETWEEN 800000 AND 900000;
} {50 376 32}
do_test 3.1 {
  eqp {SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE b BETWEEN 30 AND 34 AND c BETWEEN 0 AND 100000}
} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1b (b>? AND b<?)}}
do_test 3.2 {
  eqp {SELECT * FROM t1
       WHERE b BETWEEN 30 AND 34 AND c BETWEEN 800000 AND 900000}
} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1c (c>? AND c<?)}}
do_test 3.3 {
  eqp {SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a=100 AND c BETWEEN 0 AND 100000}
} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1a (a=?)}}
do_test 3.4 {
  eqp {SELECT * FROM t1
       WHERE a=100 AND c BETWEEN 800000 AND 900000}
} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1c (c>? AND c<?)}}

finish_test







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# with a==100.  And so for those cases, choose the t1b index.
#
# Buf ro a==99 and a==101, there are far fewer rows so choose
# the t1a index.
#
do_test 1.1 {
  eqp {SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a=100 AND b=55}
} {/*SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1b (b=?)*/}
do_test 1.2 {
  eqp {SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a=99 AND b=55}
} {/*SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1a (a=?)*/}
do_test 1.3 {
  eqp {SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a=101 AND b=55}
} {/*SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1a (a=?)*/}
do_test 1.4 {
  eqp {SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a=100 AND b=56}
} {/*SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1b (b=?)*/}
do_test 1.5 {
  eqp {SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a=99 AND b=56}
} {/*SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1a (a=?)*/}
do_test 1.6 {
  eqp {SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a=101 AND b=56}
} {/*SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1a (a=?)*/}
do_test 2.1 {
  eqp {SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a=100 AND b BETWEEN 50 AND 54}
} {/*SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1b (b>? AND b<?)*/}

# There are many more values of c between 0 and 100000 than there are
# between 800000 and 900000.  So t1c is more selective for the latter
# range.
# 
# Test 3.2 is a little unstable. It depends on the planner estimating
# that (b BETWEEN 30 AND 34) will match more rows than (c BETWEEN
................................................................................
do_execsql_test 3.0 {
  SELECT count(*) FROM t1 WHERE b BETWEEN 30 AND 34;
  SELECT count(*) FROM t1 WHERE c BETWEEN 0 AND 100000;
  SELECT count(*) FROM t1 WHERE c BETWEEN 800000 AND 900000;
} {50 376 32}
do_test 3.1 {
  eqp {SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE b BETWEEN 30 AND 34 AND c BETWEEN 0 AND 100000}
} {/*SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1b (b>? AND b<?)*/}
do_test 3.2 {
  eqp {SELECT * FROM t1
       WHERE b BETWEEN 30 AND 34 AND c BETWEEN 800000 AND 900000}
} {/*SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1c (c>? AND c<?)*/}
do_test 3.3 {
  eqp {SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a=100 AND c BETWEEN 0 AND 100000}
} {/*SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1a (a=?)*/}
do_test 3.4 {
  eqp {SELECT * FROM t1
       WHERE a=100 AND c BETWEEN 800000 AND 900000}
} {/*SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1c (c>? AND c<?)*/}

finish_test

Changes to test/analyze9.test.

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} {/*USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY*/}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
reset_db
do_execsql_test 22.0 {
  CREATE TABLE t3(a, b, c, d, PRIMARY KEY(a, b)) WITHOUT ROWID;

}
do_execsql_test 22.1 {
  WITH r(x) AS (
    SELECT 1
    UNION ALL
    SELECT x+1 FROM r WHERE x<=100
  )

................................................................................

do_eqp_test 23.1 {
  SELECT * FROM t4 WHERE 
    (e=1 AND b='xyz' AND c='zyx' AND a<'AEA') AND f<300
  -- Formerly used index i41.  But i41 is not a covering index whereas
  -- the PRIMARY KEY is a covering index, and so as of 2017-10-15, the
  -- PRIMARY KEY is preferred.
} {
  0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t4 USING PRIMARY KEY (c=? AND b=? AND a<?)}
}
do_eqp_test 23.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t4 WHERE 
    (e=1 AND b='xyz' AND c='zyx' AND a<'JJJ') AND f<300
} {
  0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t4 USING INDEX i42 (f<?)}
}

do_execsql_test 24.0 {
  CREATE TABLE t5(c, d, b, e, a, PRIMARY KEY(a, b, c)) WITHOUT ROWID;
  WITH data(a, b, c, d, e) AS (
    SELECT 'z', 'y', 0, 0, 0
    UNION ALL
    SELECT 
................................................................................
    CREATE INDEX aa ON t6(a);
    CREATE INDEX bb ON t6(b);
    ANALYZE;
  }

  # Term (b<?) is estimated at 25%. Better than (a<30) but not as
  # good as (a<20).
  do_eqp_test 25.2.1 { SELECT * FROM t6 WHERE a<30 AND b<? } {
    0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t6 USING INDEX bb (b<?)}
  }
  do_eqp_test 25.2.2 { SELECT * FROM t6 WHERE a<20 AND b<? } {
    0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t6 USING INDEX aa (a<?)}
  }

  # Term (b BETWEEN ? AND ?) is estimated at 1/64.
  do_eqp_test 25.3.1 { 
    SELECT * FROM t6 WHERE a BETWEEN 5 AND 10 AND b BETWEEN ? AND ? 
  } {
    0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t6 USING INDEX bb (b>? AND b<?)}
  }
  
  # Term (b BETWEEN ? AND 60) is estimated to return roughly 15 rows -
  # 60 from (b<=60) multiplied by 0.25 for the b>=? term. Better than
  # (a<20) but not as good as (a<10).
  do_eqp_test 25.4.1 { 
    SELECT * FROM t6 WHERE a < 10 AND (b BETWEEN ? AND 60)
  } {
    0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t6 USING INDEX aa (a<?)}
  }
  do_eqp_test 25.4.2 { 
    SELECT * FROM t6 WHERE a < 20 AND (b BETWEEN ? AND 60)
  } {
    0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t6 USING INDEX bb (b>? AND b<?)}
  }
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Check that a problem in they way stat4 data is used has been 
# resolved (see below).
#
reset_db
................................................................................
# no more than that. Guessing less than 20 is therefore unreasonable.
#
# At one point though, due to a problem in whereKeyStats(), the planner was
# estimating that (x=10000 AND y<50) would match only 2 rows.
#
do_eqp_test 26.1.4 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE x = 10000 AND y < 50 AND z = 444;
} {
  0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1z (z=?)}
}


# This test - 26.2.* - tests that another manifestation of the same problem
# is no longer present in the library. Assuming:
# 
#   CREATE INDEX t1xy ON t1(x, y)
#
................................................................................
    UPDATE t1 SET z = (rowid / 95);
    ANALYZE;
  COMMIT;
}

do_eqp_test 26.2.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE x='B' AND y>25 AND z=?;
} {
  0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i1 (x=? AND y>?)}
}


finish_test







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983
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985
986
987
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992
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994
995
996
997
998
....
1052
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1054
1055
1056
1057
1058

1059

1060
1061
1062

1063

1064
1065
1066
1067
1068
1069
1070
....
1101
1102
1103
1104
1105
1106
1107
1108
1109

1110
1111

1112
1113
1114
1115

1116

1117
1118
1119
1120
1121
1122

1123
1124
1125
1126

1127

1128
1129
1130
1131
1132
1133
1134
....
1176
1177
1178
1179
1180
1181
1182

1183

1184
1185
1186
1187
1188
1189
1190
....
1225
1226
1227
1228
1229
1230
1231

1232

1233
1234
1235
} {/*USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY*/}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
reset_db
do_execsql_test 22.0 {
  CREATE TABLE t3(a, b, c, d, PRIMARY KEY(a, b)) WITHOUT ROWID;
  SELECT * FROM t3;
} {}
do_execsql_test 22.1 {
  WITH r(x) AS (
    SELECT 1
    UNION ALL
    SELECT x+1 FROM r WHERE x<=100
  )

................................................................................

do_eqp_test 23.1 {
  SELECT * FROM t4 WHERE 
    (e=1 AND b='xyz' AND c='zyx' AND a<'AEA') AND f<300
  -- Formerly used index i41.  But i41 is not a covering index whereas
  -- the PRIMARY KEY is a covering index, and so as of 2017-10-15, the
  -- PRIMARY KEY is preferred.

} {SEARCH TABLE t4 USING PRIMARY KEY (c=? AND b=? AND a<?)}

do_eqp_test 23.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t4 WHERE 
    (e=1 AND b='xyz' AND c='zyx' AND a<'JJJ') AND f<300

} {SEARCH TABLE t4 USING INDEX i42 (f<?)}


do_execsql_test 24.0 {
  CREATE TABLE t5(c, d, b, e, a, PRIMARY KEY(a, b, c)) WITHOUT ROWID;
  WITH data(a, b, c, d, e) AS (
    SELECT 'z', 'y', 0, 0, 0
    UNION ALL
    SELECT 
................................................................................
    CREATE INDEX aa ON t6(a);
    CREATE INDEX bb ON t6(b);
    ANALYZE;
  }

  # Term (b<?) is estimated at 25%. Better than (a<30) but not as
  # good as (a<20).
  do_eqp_test 25.2.1 { SELECT * FROM t6 WHERE a<30 AND b<? } \
    {SEARCH TABLE t6 USING INDEX bb (b<?)}

  do_eqp_test 25.2.2 { SELECT * FROM t6 WHERE a<20 AND b<? } \
    {SEARCH TABLE t6 USING INDEX aa (a<?)}


  # Term (b BETWEEN ? AND ?) is estimated at 1/64.
  do_eqp_test 25.3.1 { 
    SELECT * FROM t6 WHERE a BETWEEN 5 AND 10 AND b BETWEEN ? AND ? 

  } {SEARCH TABLE t6 USING INDEX bb (b>? AND b<?)}

  
  # Term (b BETWEEN ? AND 60) is estimated to return roughly 15 rows -
  # 60 from (b<=60) multiplied by 0.25 for the b>=? term. Better than
  # (a<20) but not as good as (a<10).
  do_eqp_test 25.4.1 { 
    SELECT * FROM t6 WHERE a < 10 AND (b BETWEEN ? AND 60)

  } {SEARCH TABLE t6 USING INDEX aa (a<?)}

  do_eqp_test 25.4.2 { 
    SELECT * FROM t6 WHERE a < 20 AND (b BETWEEN ? AND 60)

  } {SEARCH TABLE t6 USING INDEX bb (b>? AND b<?)}

}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Check that a problem in they way stat4 data is used has been 
# resolved (see below).
#
reset_db
................................................................................
# no more than that. Guessing less than 20 is therefore unreasonable.
#
# At one point though, due to a problem in whereKeyStats(), the planner was
# estimating that (x=10000 AND y<50) would match only 2 rows.
#
do_eqp_test 26.1.4 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE x = 10000 AND y < 50 AND z = 444;

} {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1z (z=?)}



# This test - 26.2.* - tests that another manifestation of the same problem
# is no longer present in the library. Assuming:
# 
#   CREATE INDEX t1xy ON t1(x, y)
#
................................................................................
    UPDATE t1 SET z = (rowid / 95);
    ANALYZE;
  COMMIT;
}

do_eqp_test 26.2.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE x='B' AND y>25 AND z=?;

} {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i1 (x=? AND y>?)}



finish_test

Changes to test/analyzeA.test.

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  do_execsql_test 1.$tn.2.1 { SELECT count(*) FROM t1 WHERE b=31 } 1
  do_execsql_test 1.$tn.2.2 { SELECT count(*) FROM t1 WHERE c=0  } 49
  do_execsql_test 1.$tn.2.3 { SELECT count(*) FROM t1 WHERE b=125  } 49
  do_execsql_test 1.$tn.2.4 { SELECT count(*) FROM t1 WHERE c=16  } 1

  do_eqp_test 1.$tn.2.5 {
    SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE b = 31 AND c = 0;
  } {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1b (b=?)}}
  do_eqp_test 1.$tn.2.6 {
    SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE b = 125 AND c = 16;
  } {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1c (c=?)}}

  do_execsql_test 1.$tn.3.1 { 
    SELECT count(*) FROM t1 WHERE b BETWEEN 0 AND 50
  } {6}
  do_execsql_test 1.$tn.3.2 { 
    SELECT count(*) FROM t1 WHERE c BETWEEN 0 AND 50
  } {90}
................................................................................
  } {90}
  do_execsql_test 1.$tn.3.4 { 
    SELECT count(*) FROM t1 WHERE c BETWEEN 75 AND 125
  } {6}

  do_eqp_test 1.$tn.3.5 {
    SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE b BETWEEN 0 AND 50 AND c BETWEEN 0 AND 50
  } {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1b (b>? AND b<?)}}

  do_eqp_test 1.$tn.3.6 {
    SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE b BETWEEN 75 AND 125 AND c BETWEEN 75 AND 125
  } {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1c (c>? AND c<?)}}

  do_eqp_test 1.$tn.3.7 {
    SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE b BETWEEN +0 AND +50 AND c BETWEEN +0 AND +50
  } {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1b (b>? AND b<?)}}

  do_eqp_test 1.$tn.3.8 {
    SELECT * FROM t1
     WHERE b BETWEEN cast('0' AS int) AND cast('50.0' AS real)
       AND c BETWEEN cast('0' AS numeric) AND cast('50.0' AS real)
  } {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1b (b>? AND b<?)}}

  do_eqp_test 1.$tn.3.9 {
    SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE b BETWEEN +75 AND +125 AND c BETWEEN +75 AND +125
  } {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1c (c>? AND c<?)}}

  do_eqp_test 1.$tn.3.10 {
    SELECT * FROM t1
     WHERE b BETWEEN cast('75' AS int) AND cast('125.0' AS real)
       AND c BETWEEN cast('75' AS numeric) AND cast('125.0' AS real)
  } {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1c (c>? AND c<?)}}
}

finish_test







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  do_execsql_test 1.$tn.2.1 { SELECT count(*) FROM t1 WHERE b=31 } 1
  do_execsql_test 1.$tn.2.2 { SELECT count(*) FROM t1 WHERE c=0  } 49
  do_execsql_test 1.$tn.2.3 { SELECT count(*) FROM t1 WHERE b=125  } 49
  do_execsql_test 1.$tn.2.4 { SELECT count(*) FROM t1 WHERE c=16  } 1

  do_eqp_test 1.$tn.2.5 {
    SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE b = 31 AND c = 0;
  } {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1b (b=?)}
  do_eqp_test 1.$tn.2.6 {
    SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE b = 125 AND c = 16;
  } {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1c (c=?)}

  do_execsql_test 1.$tn.3.1 { 
    SELECT count(*) FROM t1 WHERE b BETWEEN 0 AND 50
  } {6}
  do_execsql_test 1.$tn.3.2 { 
    SELECT count(*) FROM t1 WHERE c BETWEEN 0 AND 50
  } {90}
................................................................................
  } {90}
  do_execsql_test 1.$tn.3.4 { 
    SELECT count(*) FROM t1 WHERE c BETWEEN 75 AND 125
  } {6}

  do_eqp_test 1.$tn.3.5 {
    SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE b BETWEEN 0 AND 50 AND c BETWEEN 0 AND 50
  } {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1b (b>? AND b<?)}

  do_eqp_test 1.$tn.3.6 {
    SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE b BETWEEN 75 AND 125 AND c BETWEEN 75 AND 125
  } {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1c (c>? AND c<?)}

  do_eqp_test 1.$tn.3.7 {
    SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE b BETWEEN +0 AND +50 AND c BETWEEN +0 AND +50
  } {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1b (b>? AND b<?)}

  do_eqp_test 1.$tn.3.8 {
    SELECT * FROM t1
     WHERE b BETWEEN cast('0' AS int) AND cast('50.0' AS real)
       AND c BETWEEN cast('0' AS numeric) AND cast('50.0' AS real)
  } {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1b (b>? AND b<?)}

  do_eqp_test 1.$tn.3.9 {
    SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE b BETWEEN +75 AND +125 AND c BETWEEN +75 AND +125
  } {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1c (c>? AND c<?)}

  do_eqp_test 1.$tn.3.10 {
    SELECT * FROM t1
     WHERE b BETWEEN cast('75' AS int) AND cast('125.0' AS real)
       AND c BETWEEN cast('75' AS numeric) AND cast('125.0' AS real)
  } {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1c (c>? AND c<?)}
}

finish_test

Changes to test/analyzeD.test.

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} {}

# With full ANALYZE data, SQLite sees that c=150 (5 rows) is better than
# a=3001 (7 rows).
#
do_eqp_test 1.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a=3001 AND c=150;
} {
  0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1_c (c=?)}
}

do_test 1.3 {
  execsql { DELETE FROM sqlite_stat1 }
  db close
  sqlite3 db test.db
} {}

................................................................................
# Without stat1, because 3001 is larger than all samples in the stat4
# table, SQLite thinks that a=3001 matches just 1 row. So it (incorrectly)
# chooses it over the c=150 index (5 rows). Even with stat1 data, things
# worked this way before commit [e6f7f97dbc].
#
do_eqp_test 1.4 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a=3001 AND c=150;
} {
  0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1_ab (a=?)}
}

do_test 1.5 {
  execsql { 
    UPDATE t1 SET a=13 WHERE a = 3001;
    ANALYZE;
  }
} {}

do_eqp_test 1.6 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a=13 AND c=150;
} {
  0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1_c (c=?)}
}

do_test 1.7 {
  execsql { DELETE FROM sqlite_stat1 }
  db close
  sqlite3 db test.db
} {}

# Same test as 1.4, except this time the 7 rows that match the a=? condition 
# do not feature larger values than all rows in the stat4 table. So SQLite
# gets this right, even without stat1 data.
do_eqp_test 1.8 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a=13 AND c=150;
} {
  0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1_c (c=?)}
}

finish_test







<
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<
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59
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} {}

# With full ANALYZE data, SQLite sees that c=150 (5 rows) is better than
# a=3001 (7 rows).
#
do_eqp_test 1.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a=3001 AND c=150;

} {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1_c (c=?)}


do_test 1.3 {
  execsql { DELETE FROM sqlite_stat1 }
  db close
  sqlite3 db test.db
} {}

................................................................................
# Without stat1, because 3001 is larger than all samples in the stat4
# table, SQLite thinks that a=3001 matches just 1 row. So it (incorrectly)
# chooses it over the c=150 index (5 rows). Even with stat1 data, things
# worked this way before commit [e6f7f97dbc].
#
do_eqp_test 1.4 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a=3001 AND c=150;

} {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1_ab (a=?)}


do_test 1.5 {
  execsql { 
    UPDATE t1 SET a=13 WHERE a = 3001;
    ANALYZE;
  }
} {}

do_eqp_test 1.6 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a=13 AND c=150;

} {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1_c (c=?)}


do_test 1.7 {
  execsql { DELETE FROM sqlite_stat1 }
  db close
  sqlite3 db test.db
} {}

# Same test as 1.4, except this time the 7 rows that match the a=? condition 
# do not feature larger values than all rows in the stat4 table. So SQLite
# gets this right, even without stat1 data.
do_eqp_test 1.8 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a=13 AND c=150;

} {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1_c (c=?)}


finish_test

Changes to test/analyzeF.test.

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  9  "x = str('19') AND y = str('4')" {t1y (y=?)}
  10 "x = str('4') AND y = str('19')" {t1y (y=?)}

  11 "x = nullif('19', 0) AND y = nullif('4', 0)" {t1y (y=?)}
  12 "x = nullif('4', 0) AND y = nullif('19', 0)" {t1y (y=?)}
} {
  set res "0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX $idx}"
  do_eqp_test 1.$tn "SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE $where" $res
}

# Test that functions that do not exist - "func()" - do not cause an error.
#
do_catchsql_test 2.1 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE x = substr('145', 2, 1) AND y = func(1, 2, 3)
................................................................................
foreach {tn where idx} {
  1 "x = det4() AND y = det19()"     {t1x (x=?)}
  2 "x = det19() AND y = det4()"     {t1y (y=?)}

  3 "x = nondet4() AND y = nondet19()"     {t1y (y=?)}
  4 "x = nondet19() AND y = nondet4()"     {t1y (y=?)}
} {
  set res "0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX $idx}"
  do_eqp_test 3.$tn "SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE $where" $res
}


execsql { DELETE FROM t1 }

proc throw_error {err} { error $err }







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  9  "x = str('19') AND y = str('4')" {t1y (y=?)}
  10 "x = str('4') AND y = str('19')" {t1y (y=?)}

  11 "x = nullif('19', 0) AND y = nullif('4', 0)" {t1y (y=?)}
  12 "x = nullif('4', 0) AND y = nullif('19', 0)" {t1y (y=?)}
} {
  set res "SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX $idx"
  do_eqp_test 1.$tn "SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE $where" $res
}

# Test that functions that do not exist - "func()" - do not cause an error.
#
do_catchsql_test 2.1 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE x = substr('145', 2, 1) AND y = func(1, 2, 3)
................................................................................
foreach {tn where idx} {
  1 "x = det4() AND y = det19()"     {t1x (x=?)}
  2 "x = det19() AND y = det4()"     {t1y (y=?)}

  3 "x = nondet4() AND y = nondet19()"     {t1y (y=?)}
  4 "x = nondet19() AND y = nondet4()"     {t1y (y=?)}
} {
  set res "SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX $idx"
  do_eqp_test 3.$tn "SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE $where" $res
}


execsql { DELETE FROM t1 }

proc throw_error {err} { error $err }

Changes to test/autoinc.test.

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678






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  CREATE TABLE t10a(a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY AUTOINCREMENT, b UNIQUE);
  INSERT INTO t10a VALUES(888,9999);
  CREATE TABLE t10b(x INTEGER PRIMARY KEY AUTOINCREMENT, y UNIQUE);
  INSERT INTO t10b SELECT * FROM t10a;
  SELECT * FROM sqlite_sequence;
} {t10a 888 t10b 888}










finish_test







>
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>
>
>
>
>
>


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  CREATE TABLE t10a(a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY AUTOINCREMENT, b UNIQUE);
  INSERT INTO t10a VALUES(888,9999);
  CREATE TABLE t10b(x INTEGER PRIMARY KEY AUTOINCREMENT, y UNIQUE);
  INSERT INTO t10b SELECT * FROM t10a;
  SELECT * FROM sqlite_sequence;
} {t10a 888 t10b 888}

# 2018-04-21 autoincrement does not cause problems for upsert
#
do_execsql_test autoinc-11.1 {
  CREATE TABLE t11(a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY AUTOINCREMENT,b UNIQUE);
  INSERT INTO t11(a,b) VALUES(2,3),(5,6),(4,3),(1,2)
    ON CONFLICT(b) DO UPDATE SET a=a+1000;
  SELECT seq FROM sqlite_sequence WHERE name='t11';
} {5}

finish_test

Changes to test/autoindex1.test.

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#
do_execsql_test autoindex1-500 {
  CREATE TABLE t501(a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, b);
  CREATE TABLE t502(x INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, y);
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat1(tbl,idx,stat) VALUES('t501',null,'1000000');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat1(tbl,idx,stat) VALUES('t502',null,'1000');
  ANALYZE sqlite_master;
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN

  SELECT b FROM t501
   WHERE t501.a IN (SELECT x FROM t502 WHERE y=?);
} {

  0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t501 USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?)} 
  0 0 0 {EXECUTE LIST SUBQUERY 1} 
  1 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t502}
}
do_execsql_test autoindex1-501 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
  SELECT b FROM t501
   WHERE t501.a IN (SELECT x FROM t502 WHERE y=t501.b);
} {

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t501} 
  0 0 0 {EXECUTE CORRELATED LIST SUBQUERY 1} 
  1 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t502 USING AUTOMATIC COVERING INDEX (y=?)}
}
do_execsql_test autoindex1-502 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
  SELECT b FROM t501
   WHERE t501.a=123
     AND t501.a IN (SELECT x FROM t502 WHERE y=t501.b);
} {

  0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t501 USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?)} 
  0 0 0 {EXECUTE CORRELATED LIST SUBQUERY 1} 
  1 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t502}
}


# The following code checks a performance regression reported on the
# mailing list on 2010-10-19.  The problem is that the nRowEst field
# of ephermeral tables was not being initialized correctly and so no
# automatic index was being created for the emphemeral table when it was
# used as part of a join.
#
................................................................................
              ON flock_owner (owner_change_date);
  CREATE INDEX fo_owner_person_id_index  
              ON flock_owner (owner_person_id);
  CREATE INDEX sheep_org_flock_index  
           ON sheep (originating_flock);
  CREATE INDEX sheep_reg_flock_index  
           ON sheep (registering_flock);
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN

  SELECT x.sheep_no, x.registering_flock, x.date_of_registration
   FROM sheep x LEFT JOIN
       (SELECT s.sheep_no, prev.flock_no, prev.owner_person_id,
       s.date_of_registration, prev.owner_change_date
       FROM sheep s JOIN flock_owner prev ON s.registering_flock =
   prev.flock_no
       AND (prev.owner_change_date <= s.date_of_registration || ' 00:00:00')
................................................................................
           WHERE prev.flock_no = later.flock_no
           AND later.owner_change_date > prev.owner_change_date
           AND later.owner_change_date <= s.date_of_registration||' 00:00:00')
       ) y ON x.sheep_no = y.sheep_no
   WHERE y.sheep_no IS NULL
   ORDER BY x.registering_flock;
} {


  1 0 0 {SCAN TABLE sheep AS s} 
  1 1 1 {SEARCH TABLE flock_owner AS prev USING INDEX sqlite_autoindex_flock_owner_1 (flock_no=? AND owner_change_date<?)} 
  1 0 0 {EXECUTE CORRELATED SCALAR SUBQUERY 2} 
  2 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE flock_owner AS later USING COVERING INDEX sqlite_autoindex_flock_owner_1 (flock_no=? AND owner_change_date>? AND owner_change_date<?)} 
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE sheep AS x USING INDEX sheep_reg_flock_index} 
  0 1 1 {SEARCH SUBQUERY 1 AS y USING AUTOMATIC COVERING INDEX (sheep_no=?)}
}


do_execsql_test autoindex1-700 {
  CREATE TABLE t5(a, b, c);


  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT a FROM t5 WHERE b=10 ORDER BY c;
} {

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t5} 
  0 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
}

# The following checks a performance issue reported on the sqlite-dev
# mailing list on 2013-01-10
#
do_execsql_test autoindex1-800 {
  CREATE TABLE accounts(







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#
do_execsql_test autoindex1-500 {
  CREATE TABLE t501(a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, b);
  CREATE TABLE t502(x INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, y);
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat1(tbl,idx,stat) VALUES('t501',null,'1000000');
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat1(tbl,idx,stat) VALUES('t502',null,'1000');
  ANALYZE sqlite_master;
}
do_eqp_test autoindex1-500.1 {
  SELECT b FROM t501
   WHERE t501.a IN (SELECT x FROM t502 WHERE y=?);
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SEARCH TABLE t501 USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?)
  `--LIST SUBQUERY
     `--SCAN TABLE t502
}
do_eqp_test autoindex1-501 {

  SELECT b FROM t501
   WHERE t501.a IN (SELECT x FROM t502 WHERE y=t501.b);
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE t501
  `--CORRELATED LIST SUBQUERY
     `--SEARCH TABLE t502 USING AUTOMATIC COVERING INDEX (y=?)
}
do_eqp_test autoindex1-502 {

  SELECT b FROM t501
   WHERE t501.a=123
     AND t501.a IN (SELECT x FROM t502 WHERE y=t501.b);
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SEARCH TABLE t501 USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?)
  `--CORRELATED LIST SUBQUERY
     `--SCAN TABLE t502
}


# The following code checks a performance regression reported on the
# mailing list on 2010-10-19.  The problem is that the nRowEst field
# of ephermeral tables was not being initialized correctly and so no
# automatic index was being created for the emphemeral table when it was
# used as part of a join.
#
................................................................................
              ON flock_owner (owner_change_date);
  CREATE INDEX fo_owner_person_id_index  
              ON flock_owner (owner_person_id);
  CREATE INDEX sheep_org_flock_index  
           ON sheep (originating_flock);
  CREATE INDEX sheep_reg_flock_index  
           ON sheep (registering_flock);
}
do_eqp_test autoindex1-600a {
  SELECT x.sheep_no, x.registering_flock, x.date_of_registration
   FROM sheep x LEFT JOIN
       (SELECT s.sheep_no, prev.flock_no, prev.owner_person_id,
       s.date_of_registration, prev.owner_change_date
       FROM sheep s JOIN flock_owner prev ON s.registering_flock =
   prev.flock_no
       AND (prev.owner_change_date <= s.date_of_registration || ' 00:00:00')
................................................................................
           WHERE prev.flock_no = later.flock_no
           AND later.owner_change_date > prev.owner_change_date
           AND later.owner_change_date <= s.date_of_registration||' 00:00:00')
       ) y ON x.sheep_no = y.sheep_no
   WHERE y.sheep_no IS NULL
   ORDER BY x.registering_flock;
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--MATERIALIZE xxxxxx
  |  |--SCAN TABLE sheep AS s
  |  |--SEARCH TABLE flock_owner AS prev USING INDEX sqlite_autoindex_flock_owner_1 (flock_no=? AND owner_change_date<?)
  |  `--CORRELATED SCALAR SUBQUERY
  |     `--SEARCH TABLE flock_owner AS later USING COVERING INDEX sqlite_autoindex_flock_owner_1 (flock_no=? AND owner_change_date>? AND owner_change_date<?)
  |--SCAN TABLE sheep AS x USING INDEX sheep_reg_flock_index
  `--SEARCH SUBQUERY xxxxxx AS y USING AUTOMATIC COVERING INDEX (sheep_no=?)
}


do_execsql_test autoindex1-700 {
  CREATE TABLE t5(a, b, c);
}
do_eqp_test autoindex1-700a {
  SELECT a FROM t5 WHERE b=10 ORDER BY c;
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE t5
  `--USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY
}

# The following checks a performance issue reported on the sqlite-dev
# mailing list on 2013-01-10
#
do_execsql_test autoindex1-800 {
  CREATE TABLE accounts(

Changes to test/autoindex3.test.

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# on the basis that the real index "uab" must be better than the automatic
# index. This is not right - a skip-scan is not necessarily better than an
# automatic index scan.
#
do_eqp_test 220 {
  select count(*) from u, v where u.b = v.b and v.e > 34;
} {

  0 0 1 {SEARCH TABLE v USING INDEX ve (e>?)} 
  0 1 0 {SEARCH TABLE u USING AUTOMATIC COVERING INDEX (b=?)}
}


finish_test







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# on the basis that the real index "uab" must be better than the automatic
# index. This is not right - a skip-scan is not necessarily better than an
# automatic index scan.
#
do_eqp_test 220 {
  select count(*) from u, v where u.b = v.b and v.e > 34;
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SEARCH TABLE v USING INDEX ve (e>?)
  `--SEARCH TABLE u USING AUTOMATIC COVERING INDEX (b=?)
}


finish_test

Changes to test/autoindex5.test.

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              AND debian_bugs.note = package_notes.id
              ORDER BY debian_bugs.bug;
} {}

# The following query should use an automatic index for the view
# in FROM clause of the subquery of the second result column.
#
do_execsql_test autoindex5-1.1 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
  SELECT
    st.bug_name,
    (SELECT ALL debian_cve.bug FROM debian_cve
      WHERE debian_cve.bug_name = st.bug_name
      ORDER BY debian_cve.bug),
    sp.release
  FROM
................................................................................
  WHERE
     sp.rowid = st.package
     AND st.bug_name = bugs.name
     AND ( st.bug_name LIKE 'CVE-%' OR st.bug_name LIKE 'TEMP-%' )
     AND ( sp.release = 'sid' OR sp.release = 'stretch' OR sp.release = 'jessie'
            OR sp.release = 'wheezy' OR sp.release = 'squeeze' )
  ORDER BY sp.name, st.bug_name, sp.release, sp.subrelease;
} {/SEARCH SUBQUERY 2 USING AUTOMATIC COVERING INDEX .bug_name=/}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Test that ticket [8a2adec1] has been fixed.
#
do_execsql_test 2.1 {
  CREATE TABLE one(o);
  INSERT INTO one DEFAULT VALUES;







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              AND debian_bugs.note = package_notes.id
              ORDER BY debian_bugs.bug;
} {}

# The following query should use an automatic index for the view
# in FROM clause of the subquery of the second result column.
#
do_eqp_test autoindex5-1.1 {

  SELECT
    st.bug_name,
    (SELECT ALL debian_cve.bug FROM debian_cve
      WHERE debian_cve.bug_name = st.bug_name
      ORDER BY debian_cve.bug),
    sp.release
  FROM
................................................................................
  WHERE
     sp.rowid = st.package
     AND st.bug_name = bugs.name
     AND ( st.bug_name LIKE 'CVE-%' OR st.bug_name LIKE 'TEMP-%' )
     AND ( sp.release = 'sid' OR sp.release = 'stretch' OR sp.release = 'jessie'
            OR sp.release = 'wheezy' OR sp.release = 'squeeze' )
  ORDER BY sp.name, st.bug_name, sp.release, sp.subrelease;
} {SEARCH SUBQUERY * USING AUTOMATIC COVERING INDEX (bug_name=?)}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Test that ticket [8a2adec1] has been fixed.
#
do_execsql_test 2.1 {
  CREATE TABLE one(o);
  INSERT INTO one DEFAULT VALUES;

Changes to test/bestindex1.test.

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do_execsql_test 1.0 {
  CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE x1 USING tcl(vtab_command);
} {}

do_eqp_test 1.1 {
  SELECT * FROM x1 WHERE a = 'abc'
} {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE x1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 555:eq!}
}

do_eqp_test 1.2 {
  SELECT * FROM x1 WHERE a IN ('abc', 'def');
} {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE x1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 555:eq!}
  0 0 0 {EXECUTE LIST SUBQUERY 1}
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
reset_db
register_tcl_module db

# Parameter $mode may be one of:
................................................................................
  do_execsql_test 2.2.$mode.4 {SELECT rowid FROM t1 WHERE a='two'} {2} 

  do_execsql_test 2.2.$mode.5 {
    SELECT rowid FROM t1 WHERE a IN ('one', 'four') ORDER BY +rowid
  } {1 4} 

  set plan(use) {

    0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 0:SELECT * FROM t1x WHERE a='%1%'}
    0 0 0 {EXECUTE LIST SUBQUERY 1}
    0 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
  }
  set plan(omit) {

    0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 0:SELECT * FROM t1x WHERE a='%1%'}
    0 0 0 {EXECUTE LIST SUBQUERY 1}
    0 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
  }
  set plan(use2) {

    0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 0:SELECT * FROM t1x}
    0 0 0 {EXECUTE LIST SUBQUERY 1}
    0 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
  }

  do_eqp_test 2.2.$mode.6 { 
    SELECT rowid FROM t1 WHERE a IN ('one', 'four') ORDER BY +rowid
  } $plan($mode)
}

# 2016-04-09.
# Demonstrate a register overwrite problem when using two virtual
# tables where the outer loop uses the IN operator.
#
set G(collist) [list PrimaryKey flagA columnA]







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do_execsql_test 1.0 {
  CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE x1 USING tcl(vtab_command);
} {}

do_eqp_test 1.1 {
  SELECT * FROM x1 WHERE a = 'abc'

} {SCAN TABLE x1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 555:eq!}


do_eqp_test 1.2 {
  SELECT * FROM x1 WHERE a IN ('abc', 'def');

} {SCAN TABLE x1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 555:eq!}



#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
reset_db
register_tcl_module db

# Parameter $mode may be one of:
................................................................................
  do_execsql_test 2.2.$mode.4 {SELECT rowid FROM t1 WHERE a='two'} {2} 

  do_execsql_test 2.2.$mode.5 {
    SELECT rowid FROM t1 WHERE a IN ('one', 'four') ORDER BY +rowid
  } {1 4} 

  set plan(use) {
    QUERY PLAN
    |--SCAN TABLE t1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 0:SELECT * FROM t1x WHERE a='%1%'

    `--USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY
  }
  set plan(omit) {
    QUERY PLAN
    |--SCAN TABLE t1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 0:SELECT * FROM t1x WHERE a='%1%'

    `--USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY
  }
  set plan(use2) {
    QUERY PLAN
    |--SCAN TABLE t1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 0:SELECT * FROM t1x

    `--USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY
  }

  do_eqp_test 2.2.$mode.6 { 
    SELECT rowid FROM t1 WHERE a IN ('one', 'four') ORDER BY +rowid
  } [string map {"\n  " "\n"} $plan($mode)]
}

# 2016-04-09.
# Demonstrate a register overwrite problem when using two virtual
# tables where the outer loop uses the IN operator.
#
set G(collist) [list PrimaryKey flagA columnA]

Changes to test/bestindex2.test.

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  CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE t1 USING tcl("vtab_cmd t1 {a b}");
  CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE t2 USING tcl("vtab_cmd t2 {c d}");
  CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE t3 USING tcl("vtab_cmd t3 {e f}");
}

do_eqp_test 1.1 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a='abc'
} {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 0:indexed(a=?)}
}
do_eqp_test 1.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a='abc' AND b='def'
} {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 0:indexed(a=? AND b=?)}
}
do_eqp_test 1.3 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a='abc' AND a='def'
} {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 0:indexed(a=?)}
}
do_eqp_test 1.4 {
  SELECT * FROM t1,t2 WHERE c=a
} {

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 0:} 
  0 1 1 {SCAN TABLE t2 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 0:indexed(c=?)}
}

do_eqp_test 1.5 {
  SELECT * FROM t1, t2 CROSS JOIN t3 WHERE t2.c = +t1.b AND t3.e=t2.d
} {

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 0:} 
  0 1 1 {SCAN TABLE t2 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 0:indexed(c=?)} 
  0 2 2 {SCAN TABLE t3 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 0:indexed(e=?)}
}

do_eqp_test 1.6 {
  SELECT * FROM t1, t2, t3 WHERE t2.c = +t1.b AND t3.e = t2.d
} {

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 0:} 
  0 1 1 {SCAN TABLE t2 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 0:indexed(c=?)} 
  0 2 2 {SCAN TABLE t3 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 0:indexed(e=?)}
}

do_execsql_test 1.7.1 {
  CREATE TABLE x1(a, b);
}
do_eqp_test 1.7.2 {
  SELECT * FROM x1 CROSS JOIN t1, t2, t3 
    WHERE t1.a = t2.c AND t1.b = t3.e
} {

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE x1} 
  0 1 1 {SCAN TABLE t1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 0:}
  0 2 2 {SCAN TABLE t2 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 0:indexed(c=?)} 
  0 3 3 {SCAN TABLE t3 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 0:indexed(e=?)}
}

finish_test







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  CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE t1 USING tcl("vtab_cmd t1 {a b}");
  CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE t2 USING tcl("vtab_cmd t2 {c d}");
  CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE t3 USING tcl("vtab_cmd t3 {e f}");
}

do_eqp_test 1.1 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a='abc'

} {SCAN TABLE t1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 0:indexed(a=?)}

do_eqp_test 1.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a='abc' AND b='def'

} {SCAN TABLE t1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 0:indexed(a=? AND b=?)}

do_eqp_test 1.3 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a='abc' AND a='def'

} {SCAN TABLE t1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 0:indexed(a=?)}

do_eqp_test 1.4 {
  SELECT * FROM t1,t2 WHERE c=a
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE t1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 0:
  `--SCAN TABLE t2 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 0:indexed(c=?)
}

do_eqp_test 1.5 {
  SELECT * FROM t1, t2 CROSS JOIN t3 WHERE t2.c = +t1.b AND t3.e=t2.d
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE t1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 0:
  |--SCAN TABLE t2 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 0:indexed(c=?)
  `--SCAN TABLE t3 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 0:indexed(e=?)
}

do_eqp_test 1.6 {
  SELECT * FROM t1, t2, t3 WHERE t2.c = +t1.b AND t3.e = t2.d
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE t1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 0:
  |--SCAN TABLE t2 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 0:indexed(c=?)
  `--SCAN TABLE t3 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 0:indexed(e=?)
}

do_execsql_test 1.7.1 {
  CREATE TABLE x1(a, b);
}
do_eqp_test 1.7.2 {
  SELECT * FROM x1 CROSS JOIN t1, t2, t3 
    WHERE t1.a = t2.c AND t1.b = t3.e
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE x1
  |--SCAN TABLE t1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 0:
  |--SCAN TABLE t2 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 0:indexed(c=?)
  `--SCAN TABLE t3 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 0:indexed(e=?)
}

finish_test

Changes to test/bestindex3.test.

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do_execsql_test 1.0 {
  CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE t1 USING tcl("vtab_cmd 0");
}

do_eqp_test 1.1 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a LIKE 'abc';
} {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 0:a LIKE ?}
}

do_eqp_test 1.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a = 'abc';
} {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 0:a EQ ?}
}

do_eqp_test 1.3 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a = 'abc' OR b = 'def';
} {


  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 0:a EQ ?}
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 0:b EQ ?}
}

do_eqp_test 1.4 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a LIKE 'abc%' OR b = 'def';
} {


  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 0:a LIKE ?}
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 0:b EQ ?}
}

do_execsql_test 1.5 {
  CREATE TABLE ttt(a, b, c);

  INSERT INTO ttt VALUES(1, 'two',   'three');
  INSERT INTO ttt VALUES(2, 'one',   'two');
................................................................................
    CREATE TABLE t2(x TEXT COLLATE nocase, y TEXT);
    CREATE INDEX t2x ON t2(x COLLATE nocase);
    CREATE INDEX t2y ON t2(y);
  }

  do_eqp_test 2.2 {
    SELECT * FROM t2 WHERE x LIKE 'abc%' OR y = 'def'
  } {


    0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t2 USING INDEX t2x (x>? AND x<?)}
    0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t2 USING INDEX t2y (y=?)}
  }
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Test that any PRIMARY KEY within a sqlite3_decl_vtab() CREATE TABLE 
# statement is currently ignored.
#
proc vvv_command {method args} {







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do_execsql_test 1.0 {
  CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE t1 USING tcl("vtab_cmd 0");
}

do_eqp_test 1.1 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a LIKE 'abc';

} {SCAN TABLE t1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 0:a LIKE ?}


do_eqp_test 1.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a = 'abc';

} {SCAN TABLE t1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 0:a EQ ?}


do_eqp_test 1.3 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a = 'abc' OR b = 'def';
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  `--MULTI-INDEX OR
     |--SCAN TABLE t1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 0:a EQ ?
     `--SCAN TABLE t1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 0:b EQ ?
}

do_eqp_test 1.4 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a LIKE 'abc%' OR b = 'def';
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  `--MULTI-INDEX OR
     |--SCAN TABLE t1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 0:a LIKE ?
     `--SCAN TABLE t1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 0:b EQ ?
}

do_execsql_test 1.5 {
  CREATE TABLE ttt(a, b, c);

  INSERT INTO ttt VALUES(1, 'two',   'three');
  INSERT INTO ttt VALUES(2, 'one',   'two');
................................................................................
    CREATE TABLE t2(x TEXT COLLATE nocase, y TEXT);
    CREATE INDEX t2x ON t2(x COLLATE nocase);
    CREATE INDEX t2y ON t2(y);
  }

  do_eqp_test 2.2 {
    SELECT * FROM t2 WHERE x LIKE 'abc%' OR y = 'def'
  } [string map {"\n  " \n} {
    QUERY PLAN
    `--MULTI-INDEX OR
       |--SEARCH TABLE t2 USING INDEX t2x (x>? AND x<?)
       `--SEARCH TABLE t2 USING INDEX t2y (y=?)
  }]
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Test that any PRIMARY KEY within a sqlite3_decl_vtab() CREATE TABLE 
# statement is currently ignored.
#
proc vvv_command {method args} {

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      ORDER BY b, c;
    " {}
    
    do_eqp_test 2.$i.$t.3 "
      SELECT * FROM t$t AS o WHERE 
        NOT EXISTS( SELECT * FROM t$t AS i WHERE a=o.a AND +b=o.b AND +c=o.c )
      ORDER BY b, c;
    " "

      0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t$t AS o USING COVERING INDEX sqlite_autoindex_t${t}_1}
      0 0 0 {EXECUTE CORRELATED SCALAR SUBQUERY 1}
      1 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t$t AS i USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?)}
    "
  }
}

finish_test








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      ORDER BY b, c;
    " {}
    
    do_eqp_test 2.$i.$t.3 "
      SELECT * FROM t$t AS o WHERE 
        NOT EXISTS( SELECT * FROM t$t AS i WHERE a=o.a AND +b=o.b AND +c=o.c )
      ORDER BY b, c;
    " [string map {"\n    " "\n"} "
      QUERY PLAN
      |--SCAN TABLE t$t AS o USING COVERING INDEX sqlite_autoindex_t${t}_1
      `--CORRELATED SCALAR SUBQUERY
         `--SEARCH TABLE t$t AS i USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?)
    "]
  }
}

finish_test

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   WHERE root=1
     AND depth=3
     AND tablename='t1'
     AND idcolumn='x'
     AND parentcolumn='y'
  ORDER BY id;
} {8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15}




















finish_test








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   WHERE root=1
     AND depth=3
     AND tablename='t1'
     AND idcolumn='x'
     AND parentcolumn='y'
  ORDER BY id;
} {8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# At one point the following join query was causing a malfunction in
# xBestIndex.
#
do_execsql_test 6.0 {
  CREATE TABLE t4 (
    id INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, 
    name TEXT NOT NULL,
    parent_id INTEGER
  );
  CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE vt4 USING transitive_closure (
    idcolumn=id, parentcolumn=parent_id, tablename=t4
  );
}

do_execsql_test 6.1 {
  SELECT * FROM t4, vt4 WHERE t4.id = vt4.root AND vt4.id=4 AND vt4.depth=2;
}

finish_test

Changes to test/cost.test.

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  CREATE TABLE t4(c, d, e);
  CREATE UNIQUE INDEX i3 ON t3(b);
  CREATE UNIQUE INDEX i4 ON t4(c, d);
}
do_eqp_test 1.2 {
  SELECT e FROM t3, t4 WHERE b=c ORDER BY b, d;
} {

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t3 USING COVERING INDEX i3} 
  0 1 1 {SEARCH TABLE t4 USING INDEX i4 (c=?)}
}


do_execsql_test 2.1 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(a, b);
  CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(a);
}

# It is better to use an index for ORDER BY than sort externally, even 
# if the index is a non-covering index.
do_eqp_test 2.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 ORDER BY a;
} {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 USING INDEX i1}
}

do_execsql_test 3.1 {
  CREATE TABLE t5(a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY,b,c,d,e,f,g);
  CREATE INDEX t5b ON t5(b);
  CREATE INDEX t5c ON t5(c);
  CREATE INDEX t5d ON t5(d);
  CREATE INDEX t5e ON t5(e);
................................................................................
}

do_eqp_test 3.2 {
  SELECT a FROM t5 
  WHERE b IS NULL OR c IS NULL OR d IS NULL 
  ORDER BY a;
} {


  0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t5 USING INDEX t5b (b=?)} 
  0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t5 USING INDEX t5c (c=?)} 
  0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t5 USING INDEX t5d (d=?)} 
  0 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# If there is no likelihood() or stat3 data, SQLite assumes that a closed
# range scan (e.g. one constrained by "col BETWEEN ? AND ?" constraint)
# visits 1/64 of the rows in a table.
#
................................................................................
do_execsql_test 4.1 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(a, b);
  CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(a);
  CREATE INDEX i2 ON t1(b);
}
do_eqp_test 4.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE likelihood(a=?, 0.014) AND b BETWEEN ? AND ?;
} {
  0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i1 (a=?)}
}
do_eqp_test 4.3 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE likelihood(a=?, 0.016) AND b BETWEEN ? AND ?;
} {
  0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i2 (b>? AND b<?)}
}


#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
reset_db
do_execsql_test 5.1 {
  CREATE TABLE t2(x, y);
  CREATE INDEX t2i1 ON t2(x);
}

do_eqp_test 5.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t2 ORDER BY x, y;
} {

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2 USING INDEX t2i1} 
  0 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR RIGHT PART OF ORDER BY}
}

do_eqp_test 5.3 {
  SELECT * FROM t2 WHERE x BETWEEN ? AND ? ORDER BY rowid;
} {

  0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t2 USING INDEX t2i1 (x>? AND x<?)} 
  0 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
}

# where7.test, where8.test:
#
do_execsql_test 6.1 {
  CREATE TABLE t3(a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, b, c);
  CREATE INDEX t3i1 ON t3(b);
  CREATE INDEX t3i2 ON t3(c);
}

do_eqp_test 6.2 {
  SELECT a FROM t3 WHERE (b BETWEEN 2 AND 4) OR c=100 ORDER BY a
} {


  0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t3 USING INDEX t3i1 (b>? AND b<?)} 
  0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t3 USING INDEX t3i2 (c=?)}
  0 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
reset_db
do_execsql_test 7.1 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY,b,c,d,e,f,g);
................................................................................
}

do_eqp_test 7.2 {
  SELECT a FROM t1
     WHERE (b>=950 AND b<=1010) OR (b IS NULL AND c NOT NULL)
  ORDER BY a
} {


  0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1b (b>? AND b<?)} 
  0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1b (b=?)} 
  0 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
}

do_eqp_test 7.3 {
  SELECT rowid FROM t1
  WHERE (+b IS NULL AND c NOT NULL AND d NOT NULL)
        OR (b NOT NULL AND c IS NULL AND d NOT NULL)
        OR (b NOT NULL AND c NOT NULL AND d IS NULL)
} {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1}
}

do_eqp_test 7.4 {
  SELECT rowid FROM t1 WHERE (+b IS NULL AND c NOT NULL) OR c IS NULL
} {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1}
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
reset_db
do_execsql_test 8.1 {
  CREATE TABLE composer(
    cid INTEGER PRIMARY KEY,
................................................................................
do_eqp_test 8.2 {
  SELECT DISTINCT aname
    FROM album, composer, track
   WHERE cname LIKE '%bach%'
     AND unlikely(composer.cid=track.cid)
     AND unlikely(album.aid=track.aid);
} {

  0 0 2 {SCAN TABLE track} 
  0 1 0 {SEARCH TABLE album USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?)}
  0 2 1 {SEARCH TABLE composer USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?)}
  0 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR DISTINCT}
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
do_execsql_test 9.1 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(
    a,b,c,d,e, f,g,h,i,j,
................................................................................
      execsql { INSERT INTO t6 VALUES($i%4, 'xyz', $i%8) }
    }
    execsql ANALYZE
  } {}

  do_eqp_test 10.3 {
    SELECT rowid FROM t6 WHERE a=0 AND c=0
  } {
    0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t6 USING INDEX t6i2 (c=?)}
  }

  do_eqp_test 10.4 {
    SELECT rowid FROM t6 WHERE a=0 AND b='xyz' AND c=0
  } {
    0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t6 USING INDEX t6i2 (c=?)}
  }

  do_eqp_test 10.5 {
    SELECT rowid FROM t6 WHERE likelihood(a=0, 0.1) AND c=0
  } {
    0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t6 USING INDEX t6i1 (a=?)}
  }

  do_eqp_test 10.6 {
    SELECT rowid FROM t6 WHERE likelihood(a=0, 0.1) AND b='xyz' AND c=0
  } {
    0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t6 USING INDEX t6i1 (a=? AND b=?)}
  }
}

finish_test







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  CREATE TABLE t4(c, d, e);
  CREATE UNIQUE INDEX i3 ON t3(b);
  CREATE UNIQUE INDEX i4 ON t4(c, d);
}
do_eqp_test 1.2 {
  SELECT e FROM t3, t4 WHERE b=c ORDER BY b, d;
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE t3 USING COVERING INDEX i3
  `--SEARCH TABLE t4 USING INDEX i4 (c=?)
}


do_execsql_test 2.1 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(a, b);
  CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(a);
}

# It is better to use an index for ORDER BY than sort externally, even 
# if the index is a non-covering index.
do_eqp_test 2.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 ORDER BY a;

} {SCAN TABLE t1 USING INDEX i1}


do_execsql_test 3.1 {
  CREATE TABLE t5(a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY,b,c,d,e,f,g);
  CREATE INDEX t5b ON t5(b);
  CREATE INDEX t5c ON t5(c);
  CREATE INDEX t5d ON t5(d);
  CREATE INDEX t5e ON t5(e);
................................................................................
}

do_eqp_test 3.2 {
  SELECT a FROM t5 
  WHERE b IS NULL OR c IS NULL OR d IS NULL 
  ORDER BY a;
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--MULTI-INDEX OR
  |  |--SEARCH TABLE t5 USING INDEX t5b (b=?)
  |  |--SEARCH TABLE t5 USING INDEX t5c (c=?)
  |  `--SEARCH TABLE t5 USING INDEX t5d (d=?)
  `--USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# If there is no likelihood() or stat3 data, SQLite assumes that a closed
# range scan (e.g. one constrained by "col BETWEEN ? AND ?" constraint)
# visits 1/64 of the rows in a table.
#
................................................................................
do_execsql_test 4.1 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(a, b);
  CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(a);
  CREATE INDEX i2 ON t1(b);
}
do_eqp_test 4.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE likelihood(a=?, 0.014) AND b BETWEEN ? AND ?;

} {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i1 (a=?)}

do_eqp_test 4.3 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE likelihood(a=?, 0.016) AND b BETWEEN ? AND ?;

} {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i2 (b>? AND b<?)}



#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
reset_db
do_execsql_test 5.1 {
  CREATE TABLE t2(x, y);
  CREATE INDEX t2i1 ON t2(x);
}

do_eqp_test 5.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t2 ORDER BY x, y;
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE t2 USING INDEX t2i1
  `--USE TEMP B-TREE FOR RIGHT PART OF ORDER BY
}

do_eqp_test 5.3 {
  SELECT * FROM t2 WHERE x BETWEEN ? AND ? ORDER BY rowid;
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SEARCH TABLE t2 USING INDEX t2i1 (x>? AND x<?)
  `--USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY
}

# where7.test, where8.test:
#
do_execsql_test 6.1 {
  CREATE TABLE t3(a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, b, c);
  CREATE INDEX t3i1 ON t3(b);
  CREATE INDEX t3i2 ON t3(c);
}

do_eqp_test 6.2 {
  SELECT a FROM t3 WHERE (b BETWEEN 2 AND 4) OR c=100 ORDER BY a
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--MULTI-INDEX OR
  |  |--SEARCH TABLE t3 USING INDEX t3i1 (b>? AND b<?)
  |  `--SEARCH TABLE t3 USING INDEX t3i2 (c=?)
  `--USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
reset_db
do_execsql_test 7.1 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY,b,c,d,e,f,g);
................................................................................
}

do_eqp_test 7.2 {
  SELECT a FROM t1
     WHERE (b>=950 AND b<=1010) OR (b IS NULL AND c NOT NULL)
  ORDER BY a
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--MULTI-INDEX OR
  |  |--SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1b (b>? AND b<?)
  |  `--SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1b (b=?)
  `--USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY
}

do_eqp_test 7.3 {
  SELECT rowid FROM t1
  WHERE (+b IS NULL AND c NOT NULL AND d NOT NULL)
        OR (b NOT NULL AND c IS NULL AND d NOT NULL)
        OR (b NOT NULL AND c NOT NULL AND d IS NULL)

} {SCAN TABLE t1}


do_eqp_test 7.4 {
  SELECT rowid FROM t1 WHERE (+b IS NULL AND c NOT NULL) OR c IS NULL

} {SCAN TABLE t1}


#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
reset_db
do_execsql_test 8.1 {
  CREATE TABLE composer(
    cid INTEGER PRIMARY KEY,
................................................................................
do_eqp_test 8.2 {
  SELECT DISTINCT aname
    FROM album, composer, track
   WHERE cname LIKE '%bach%'
     AND unlikely(composer.cid=track.cid)
     AND unlikely(album.aid=track.aid);
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE track
  |--SEARCH TABLE album USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?)
  |--SEARCH TABLE composer USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?)
  `--USE TEMP B-TREE FOR DISTINCT
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
do_execsql_test 9.1 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(
    a,b,c,d,e, f,g,h,i,j,
................................................................................
      execsql { INSERT INTO t6 VALUES($i%4, 'xyz', $i%8) }
    }
    execsql ANALYZE
  } {}

  do_eqp_test 10.3 {
    SELECT rowid FROM t6 WHERE a=0 AND c=0

  } {SEARCH TABLE t6 USING INDEX t6i2 (c=?)}


  do_eqp_test 10.4 {
    SELECT rowid FROM t6 WHERE a=0 AND b='xyz' AND c=0

  } {SEARCH TABLE t6 USING INDEX t6i2 (c=?)}


  do_eqp_test 10.5 {
    SELECT rowid FROM t6 WHERE likelihood(a=0, 0.1) AND c=0

  } {SEARCH TABLE t6 USING INDEX t6i1 (a=?)}


  do_eqp_test 10.6 {
    SELECT rowid FROM t6 WHERE likelihood(a=0, 0.1) AND b='xyz' AND c=0

  } {SEARCH TABLE t6 USING INDEX t6i1 (a=? AND b=?)}

}

finish_test

Changes to test/coveridxscan.test.

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  CREATE TABLE t2(i INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, $cols);
  CREATE INDEX i2 ON t2($cols);
"

do_eqp_test 5.1.1 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 ORDER BY c1, c2;
} {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i1}
}

do_eqp_test 5.1.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t2 ORDER BY c1, c2;
} {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2 USING COVERING INDEX i2}
}



finish_test







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<



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  CREATE TABLE t2(i INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, $cols);
  CREATE INDEX i2 ON t2($cols);
"

do_eqp_test 5.1.1 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 ORDER BY c1, c2;

} {SCAN TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i1}


do_eqp_test 5.1.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t2 ORDER BY c1, c2;

} {SCAN TABLE t2 USING COVERING INDEX i2}




finish_test

Changes to test/csv01.test.

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      columns=4,
      schema=
      'CREATE TABLE t3(a,b,c,d) WITHOUT ROWID',
      testflags=1
      );
} {1 {vtable constructor failed: t5}}









finish_test







>
>
|
>
>
>
>
>

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      columns=4,
      schema=
      'CREATE TABLE t3(a,b,c,d) WITHOUT ROWID',
      testflags=1
      );
} {1 {vtable constructor failed: t5}}

# 2018-04-24
# Memory leak reported on the sqlite-users mailing list by Ralf Junker.
#
do_catchsql_test 4.3 {
  CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE IF NOT EXISTS temp.t1
  USING csv(filename='FileDoesNotExist.csv');
} {1 {cannot open 'FileDoesNotExist.csv' for reading}}

finish_test

Changes to test/delete.test.

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do_execsql_test delete-10.1 {
  DELETE FROM t1 WHERE a='1' AND b='2';
}

do_execsql_test delete-10.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a='1' AND b='2';
}














finish_test







>
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do_execsql_test delete-10.1 {
  DELETE FROM t1 WHERE a='1' AND b='2';
}

do_execsql_test delete-10.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a='1' AND b='2';
}

do_execsql_test delete-11.0 {
  CREATE TABLE t11(a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, b INT);
  WITH RECURSIVE cnt(x) AS (VALUES(1) UNION ALL SELECT x+1 FROM cnt WHERE x<20)
    INSERT INTO t11(a,b) SELECT x, (x*17)%100 FROM cnt;
  SELECT * FROM t11;
} {1 17 2 34 3 51 4 68 5 85 6 2 7 19 8 36 9 53 10 70 11 87 12 4 13 21 14 38 15 55 16 72 17 89 18 6 19 23 20 40}
do_execsql_test delete-11.1 {
  DELETE FROM t11 AS xyz
   WHERE EXISTS(SELECT 1 FROM t11 WHERE t11.a>xyz.a AND t11.b<=xyz.b);
  SELECT * FROM t11;
} {6 2 12 4 18 6 19 23 20 40}


finish_test

Changes to test/e_createtable.test.

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  1    "CREATE TABLE x1 AS SELECT * FROM t1"                     {a b c}
  2    "CREATE TABLE x1 AS SELECT c, b, a FROM t1"               {c b a}
  3    "CREATE TABLE x1 AS SELECT * FROM t1, t2"                 {a b c d e f}
  4    "CREATE TABLE x1 AS SELECT count(*) FROM t1"              {count(*)}
  5    "CREATE TABLE x1 AS SELECT count(a) AS a, max(b) FROM t1" {a max(b)}
}

# EVIDENCE-OF: R-37111-22855 The declared type of each column is
# determined by the expression affinity of the corresponding expression
# in the result set of the SELECT statement, as follows: Expression
# Affinity Column Declared Type TEXT "TEXT" NUMERIC "NUM" INTEGER "INT"
# REAL "REAL" NONE "" (empty string)
#
do_createtable_tests 2.2 -tclquery {
  table_column_decltypes x1
} -repair {
  catchsql { DROP TABLE x1 }
} {
  1    "CREATE TABLE x1 AS SELECT a FROM t1"     {""}
................................................................................
#
do_execsql_test 4.10.0 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(a, b PRIMARY KEY);
  CREATE TABLE t2(a, b, c, UNIQUE(b, c));
}
do_createtable_tests 4.10 {
  1    "EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE b = 5" 
       {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX sqlite_autoindex_t1_1 (b=?)}}

  2    "EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t2 ORDER BY b, c"
       {0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2 USING INDEX sqlite_autoindex_t2_1}}

  3    "EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t2 WHERE b=10 AND c>10"
       {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t2 USING INDEX sqlite_autoindex_t2_1 (b=? AND c>?)}}
}

# EVIDENCE-OF: R-45493-35653 A CHECK constraint may be attached to a
# column definition or specified as a table constraint. In practice it
# makes no difference.
#
#   All the tests that deal with CHECK constraints below (4.11.* and 







|



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  1    "CREATE TABLE x1 AS SELECT * FROM t1"                     {a b c}
  2    "CREATE TABLE x1 AS SELECT c, b, a FROM t1"               {c b a}
  3    "CREATE TABLE x1 AS SELECT * FROM t1, t2"                 {a b c d e f}
  4    "CREATE TABLE x1 AS SELECT count(*) FROM t1"              {count(*)}
  5    "CREATE TABLE x1 AS SELECT count(a) AS a, max(b) FROM t1" {a max(b)}
}

# EVIDENCE-OF: R-55407-45319 The declared type of each column is
# determined by the expression affinity of the corresponding expression
# in the result set of the SELECT statement, as follows: Expression
# Affinity Column Declared Type TEXT "TEXT" NUMERIC "NUM" INTEGER "INT"
# REAL "REAL" BLOB (a.k.a "NONE") "" (empty string)
#
do_createtable_tests 2.2 -tclquery {
  table_column_decltypes x1
} -repair {
  catchsql { DROP TABLE x1 }
} {
  1    "CREATE TABLE x1 AS SELECT a FROM t1"     {""}
................................................................................
#
do_execsql_test 4.10.0 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(a, b PRIMARY KEY);
  CREATE TABLE t2(a, b, c, UNIQUE(b, c));
}
do_createtable_tests 4.10 {
  1    "EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE b = 5" 
       {/*SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX sqlite_autoindex_t1_1 (b=?)*/}

  2    "EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t2 ORDER BY b, c"
       {/*SCAN TABLE t2 USING INDEX sqlite_autoindex_t2_1*/}

  3    "EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t2 WHERE b=10 AND c>10"
       {/*SEARCH TABLE t2 USING INDEX sqlite_autoindex_t2_1 (b=? AND c>?)*/}
}

# EVIDENCE-OF: R-45493-35653 A CHECK constraint may be attached to a
# column definition or specified as a table constraint. In practice it
# makes no difference.
#
#   All the tests that deal with CHECK constraints below (4.11.* and 

Changes to test/eqp.test.

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  CREATE TABLE t2(a INT, b INT, ex TEXT);
  CREATE TABLE t3(a INT, b INT, ex TEXT);
}

do_eqp_test 1.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t2, t1 WHERE t1.a=1 OR t1.b=2;
} {


  0 0 1 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i1 (a=?)} 
  0 0 1 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i2 (b=?)} 
  0 1 0 {SCAN TABLE t2}
}
do_eqp_test 1.3 {
  SELECT * FROM t2 CROSS JOIN t1 WHERE t1.a=1 OR t1.b=2;
} {

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2}

  0 1 1 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i1 (a=?)} 
  0 1 1 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i2 (b=?)} 
}
do_eqp_test 1.3 {
  SELECT a FROM t1 ORDER BY a
} {

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i1}
}
do_eqp_test 1.4 {
  SELECT a FROM t1 ORDER BY +a
} {

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i1}
  0 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
}
do_eqp_test 1.5 {
  SELECT a FROM t1 WHERE a=4
} {

  0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i1 (a=?)}
}
do_eqp_test 1.6 {
  SELECT DISTINCT count(*) FROM t3 GROUP BY a;
} {

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t3}
  0 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR GROUP BY}
  0 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR DISTINCT}
}

do_eqp_test 1.7 {
  SELECT * FROM t3 JOIN (SELECT 1)
} {



  0 0 1 {SCAN SUBQUERY 1}
  0 1 0 {SCAN TABLE t3}
}
do_eqp_test 1.8 {
  SELECT * FROM t3 JOIN (SELECT 1 UNION SELECT 2)
} {
  1 0 0 {COMPOUND SUBQUERIES 2 AND 3 USING TEMP B-TREE (UNION)}






  0 0 1 {SCAN SUBQUERY 1}
  0 1 0 {SCAN TABLE t3}
}
do_eqp_test 1.9 {
  SELECT * FROM t3 JOIN (SELECT 1 EXCEPT SELECT a FROM t3 LIMIT 17)
} {






  3 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t3}
  1 0 0 {COMPOUND SUBQUERIES 2 AND 3 USING TEMP B-TREE (EXCEPT)}
  0 0 1 {SCAN SUBQUERY 1}
  0 1 0 {SCAN TABLE t3}
}
do_eqp_test 1.10 {
  SELECT * FROM t3 JOIN (SELECT 1 INTERSECT SELECT a FROM t3 LIMIT 17)
} {






  3 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t3}
  1 0 0 {COMPOUND SUBQUERIES 2 AND 3 USING TEMP B-TREE (INTERSECT)}
  0 0 1 {SCAN SUBQUERY 1}
  0 1 0 {SCAN TABLE t3}
}

do_eqp_test 1.11 {
  SELECT * FROM t3 JOIN (SELECT 1 UNION ALL SELECT a FROM t3 LIMIT 17)
} {






  3 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t3}
  1 0 0 {COMPOUND SUBQUERIES 2 AND 3 (UNION ALL)}
  0 0 1 {SCAN SUBQUERY 1}
  0 1 0 {SCAN TABLE t3}
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Test cases eqp-2.* - tests for single select statements.
#
drop_all_tables
do_execsql_test 2.1 {
................................................................................
  CREATE TABLE t1(x INT, y INT, ex TEXT);

  CREATE TABLE t2(x INT, y INT, ex TEXT);
  CREATE INDEX t2i1 ON t2(x);
}

det 2.2.1 "SELECT DISTINCT min(x), max(x) FROM t1 GROUP BY x ORDER BY 1" {

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1}
  0 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR GROUP BY}
  0 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR DISTINCT}
  0 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
}
det 2.2.2 "SELECT DISTINCT min(x), max(x) FROM t2 GROUP BY x ORDER BY 1" {

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2 USING COVERING INDEX t2i1}
  0 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR DISTINCT}
  0 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
}
det 2.2.3 "SELECT DISTINCT * FROM t1" {

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1}
  0 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR DISTINCT}
}
det 2.2.4 "SELECT DISTINCT * FROM t1, t2" {

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1}
  0 1 1 {SCAN TABLE t2}
  0 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR DISTINCT}
}
det 2.2.5 "SELECT DISTINCT * FROM t1, t2 ORDER BY t1.x" {

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1}
  0 1 1 {SCAN TABLE t2}
  0 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR DISTINCT}
  0 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
}
det 2.2.6 "SELECT DISTINCT t2.x FROM t1, t2 ORDER BY t2.x" {

  0 0 1 {SCAN TABLE t2 USING COVERING INDEX t2i1}
  0 1 0 {SCAN TABLE t1}
}

det 2.3.1 "SELECT max(x) FROM t2" {

  0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t2 USING COVERING INDEX t2i1}
}
det 2.3.2 "SELECT min(x) FROM t2" {

  0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t2 USING COVERING INDEX t2i1}
}
det 2.3.3 "SELECT min(x), max(x) FROM t2" {

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2 USING COVERING INDEX t2i1}
}

det 2.4.1 "SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE rowid=?" {

  0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?)}
}



#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Test cases eqp-3.* - tests for select statements that use sub-selects.
#
do_eqp_test 3.1.1 {
  SELECT (SELECT x FROM t1 AS sub) FROM t1;
} {

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1}
  0 0 0 {EXECUTE SCALAR SUBQUERY 1}
  1 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 AS sub}
}
do_eqp_test 3.1.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE (SELECT x FROM t1 AS sub);
} {

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1}
  0 0 0 {EXECUTE SCALAR SUBQUERY 1}
  1 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 AS sub}
}
do_eqp_test 3.1.3 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE (SELECT x FROM t1 AS sub ORDER BY y);
} {

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1}
  0 0 0 {EXECUTE SCALAR SUBQUERY 1}
  1 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 AS sub}
  1 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
}
do_eqp_test 3.1.4 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE (SELECT x FROM t2 ORDER BY x);
} {

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1}
  0 0 0 {EXECUTE SCALAR SUBQUERY 1}
  1 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2 USING COVERING INDEX t2i1}
}

det 3.2.1 {
  SELECT * FROM (SELECT * FROM t1 ORDER BY x LIMIT 10) ORDER BY y LIMIT 5
} {


  1 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1} 
  1 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY} 
  0 0 0 {SCAN SUBQUERY 1} 
  0 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
}
det 3.2.2 {
  SELECT * FROM 
    (SELECT * FROM t1 ORDER BY x LIMIT 10) AS x1,
    (SELECT * FROM t2 ORDER BY x LIMIT 10) AS x2
  ORDER BY x2.y LIMIT 5
} {


  1 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1} 
  1 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY} 

  2 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2 USING INDEX t2i1} 
  0 0 0 {SCAN SUBQUERY 1 AS x1} 
  0 1 1 {SCAN SUBQUERY 2 AS x2} 
  0 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
}

det 3.3.1 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE y IN (SELECT y FROM t2)
} {

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1} 
  0 0 0 {EXECUTE LIST SUBQUERY 1} 
  1 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2}
}
det 3.3.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE y IN (SELECT y FROM t2 WHERE t1.x!=t2.x)
} {

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1} 
  0 0 0 {EXECUTE CORRELATED LIST SUBQUERY 1} 
  1 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2}
}
det 3.3.3 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE EXISTS (SELECT y FROM t2 WHERE t1.x!=t2.x)
} {

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1} 
  0 0 0 {EXECUTE CORRELATED SCALAR SUBQUERY 1} 
  1 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2}
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Test cases eqp-4.* - tests for composite select statements.
#
do_eqp_test 4.1.1 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 UNION ALL SELECT * FROM t2
} {



  1 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1} 

  2 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2} 
  0 0 0 {COMPOUND SUBQUERIES 1 AND 2 (UNION ALL)} 
}
do_eqp_test 4.1.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 UNION ALL SELECT * FROM t2 ORDER BY 2
} {



  1 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1} 
  1 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}

  2 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2} 
  2 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
  0 0 0 {COMPOUND SUBQUERIES 1 AND 2 (UNION ALL)} 
}
do_eqp_test 4.1.3 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 UNION SELECT * FROM t2 ORDER BY 2
} {



  1 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1} 
  1 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}

  2 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2} 
  2 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
  0 0 0 {COMPOUND SUBQUERIES 1 AND 2 (UNION)} 
}
do_eqp_test 4.1.4 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 INTERSECT SELECT * FROM t2 ORDER BY 2
} {



  1 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1} 
  1 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}

  2 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2} 
  2 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
  0 0 0 {COMPOUND SUBQUERIES 1 AND 2 (INTERSECT)} 
}
do_eqp_test 4.1.5 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 EXCEPT SELECT * FROM t2 ORDER BY 2
} {



  1 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1} 
  1 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}

  2 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2} 
  2 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
  0 0 0 {COMPOUND SUBQUERIES 1 AND 2 (EXCEPT)} 
}

do_eqp_test 4.2.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 UNION ALL SELECT * FROM t2 ORDER BY 1
} {



  1 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1} 
  1 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}

  2 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2 USING INDEX t2i1} 
  0 0 0 {COMPOUND SUBQUERIES 1 AND 2 (UNION ALL)} 
}
do_eqp_test 4.2.3 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 UNION SELECT * FROM t2 ORDER BY 1
} {



  1 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1} 
  1 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}

  2 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2 USING INDEX t2i1} 
  2 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR RIGHT PART OF ORDER BY}
  0 0 0 {COMPOUND SUBQUERIES 1 AND 2 (UNION)} 
}
do_eqp_test 4.2.4 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 INTERSECT SELECT * FROM t2 ORDER BY 1
} {



  1 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1} 
  1 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}

  2 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2 USING INDEX t2i1} 
  2 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR RIGHT PART OF ORDER BY}
  0 0 0 {COMPOUND SUBQUERIES 1 AND 2 (INTERSECT)} 
}
do_eqp_test 4.2.5 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 EXCEPT SELECT * FROM t2 ORDER BY 1
} {



  1 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1} 
  1 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}

  2 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2 USING INDEX t2i1} 
  2 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR RIGHT PART OF ORDER BY}
  0 0 0 {COMPOUND SUBQUERIES 1 AND 2 (EXCEPT)} 
}

do_eqp_test 4.3.1 {
  SELECT x FROM t1 UNION SELECT x FROM t2
} {



  1 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1} 

  2 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2 USING COVERING INDEX t2i1} 
  0 0 0 {COMPOUND SUBQUERIES 1 AND 2 USING TEMP B-TREE (UNION)} 
}

do_eqp_test 4.3.2 {
  SELECT x FROM t1 UNION SELECT x FROM t2 UNION SELECT x FROM t1
} {



  2 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1} 

  3 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2 USING COVERING INDEX t2i1} 
  1 0 0 {COMPOUND SUBQUERIES 2 AND 3 USING TEMP B-TREE (UNION)}
  4 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1} 
  0 0 0 {COMPOUND SUBQUERIES 1 AND 4 USING TEMP B-TREE (UNION)}
}
do_eqp_test 4.3.3 {
  SELECT x FROM t1 UNION SELECT x FROM t2 UNION SELECT x FROM t1 ORDER BY 1
} {





  2 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1} 
  2 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY} 

  3 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2 USING COVERING INDEX t2i1} 
  1 0 0 {COMPOUND SUBQUERIES 2 AND 3 (UNION)} 

  4 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1} 
  4 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY} 
  0 0 0 {COMPOUND SUBQUERIES 1 AND 4 (UNION)}
}


#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# This next block of tests verifies that the examples on the 
# lang_explain.html page are correct.
#
drop_all_tables

# EVIDENCE-OF: R-47779-47605 sqlite> EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT a, b
# FROM t1 WHERE a=1;
# 0|0|0|SCAN TABLE t1
#
do_execsql_test 5.1.0 { CREATE TABLE t1(a INT, b INT, ex TEXT) }
det 5.1.1 "SELECT a, b FROM t1 WHERE a=1" {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1}
}

# EVIDENCE-OF: R-55852-17599 sqlite> CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(a);
# sqlite> EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT a, b FROM t1 WHERE a=1;
# 0|0|0|SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i1
#
do_execsql_test 5.2.0 { CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(a) }
det 5.2.1 "SELECT a, b FROM t1 WHERE a=1" {
  0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i1 (a=?)}
}

# EVIDENCE-OF: R-21179-11011 sqlite> CREATE INDEX i2 ON t1(a, b);
# sqlite> EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT a, b FROM t1 WHERE a=1;
# 0|0|0|SEARCH TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i2 (a=?)
#
do_execsql_test 5.3.0 { CREATE INDEX i2 ON t1(a, b) }
det 5.3.1 "SELECT a, b FROM t1 WHERE a=1" {
  0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i2 (a=?)}
}

# EVIDENCE-OF: R-09991-48941 sqlite> EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
# SELECT t1.*, t2.* FROM t1, t2 WHERE t1.a=1 AND t1.b>2;
# 0|0|0|SEARCH TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i2 (a=? AND b>?)
# 0|1|1|SCAN TABLE t2
#
do_execsql_test 5.4.0 {CREATE TABLE t2(c INT, d INT, ex TEXT)}
det 5.4.1 "SELECT t1.a, t2.c FROM t1, t2 WHERE t1.a=1 AND t1.b>2" {
  0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i2 (a=? AND b>?)}
  0 1 1 {SCAN TABLE t2}
}

# EVIDENCE-OF: R-33626-61085 sqlite> EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
# SELECT t1.*, t2.* FROM t2, t1 WHERE t1.a=1 AND t1.b>2;
# 0|0|1|SEARCH TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i2 (a=? AND b>?)
# 0|1|0|SCAN TABLE t2
#
det 5.5 "SELECT t1.a, t2.c FROM t2, t1 WHERE t1.a=1 AND t1.b>2" {
  0 0 1 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i2 (a=? AND b>?)}
  0 1 0 {SCAN TABLE t2}
}

# EVIDENCE-OF: R-04002-25654 sqlite> CREATE INDEX i3 ON t1(b);
# sqlite> EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a=1 OR b=2;
# 0|0|0|SEARCH TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i2 (a=?)
# 0|0|0|SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i3 (b=?)
#
do_execsql_test 5.5.0 {CREATE INDEX i3 ON t1(b)}
det 5.6.1 "SELECT a, b FROM t1 WHERE a=1 OR b=2" {
  0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i2 (a=?)}
  0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i3 (b=?)}
}

# EVIDENCE-OF: R-24577-38891 sqlite> EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
# SELECT c, d FROM t2 ORDER BY c;
# 0|0|0|SCAN TABLE t2
# 0|0|0|USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY
#
det 5.7 "SELECT c, d FROM t2 ORDER BY c" {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2}
  0 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
}

# EVIDENCE-OF: R-58157-12355 sqlite> CREATE INDEX i4 ON t2(c);
# sqlite> EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT c, d FROM t2 ORDER BY c;
# 0|0|0|SCAN TABLE t2 USING INDEX i4
#
do_execsql_test 5.8.0 {CREATE INDEX i4 ON t2(c)}
det 5.8.1 "SELECT c, d FROM t2 ORDER BY c" {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2 USING INDEX i4}
}

# EVIDENCE-OF: R-13931-10421 sqlite> EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT
# (SELECT b FROM t1 WHERE a=0), (SELECT a FROM t1 WHERE b=t2.c) FROM t2;
# 0|0|0|SCAN TABLE t2
# 0|0|0|EXECUTE SCALAR SUBQUERY 1
# 1|0|0|SEARCH TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i2 (a=?)
# 0|0|0|EXECUTE CORRELATED SCALAR SUBQUERY 2
# 2|0|0|SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i3 (b=?)
#
................................................................................
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2 USING COVERING INDEX i4}
  0 0 0 {EXECUTE SCALAR SUBQUERY 1}
  1 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i2 (a=?)}
  0 0 0 {EXECUTE CORRELATED SCALAR SUBQUERY 2}
  2 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i3 (b=?)}
}

# EVIDENCE-OF: R-50892-45943 sqlite> EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
# SELECT count(*) FROM (SELECT max(b) AS x FROM t1 GROUP BY a) GROUP BY x;
# 1|0|0|SCAN TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i2
# 0|0|0|SCAN SUBQUERY 1
# 0|0|0|USE TEMP B-TREE FOR GROUP BY
#
det 5.10 {
  SELECT count(*) FROM (SELECT max(b) AS x FROM t1 GROUP BY a) GROUP BY x
} {
  1 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i2}
  0 0 0 {SCAN SUBQUERY 1}
  0 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR GROUP BY}
}

# EVIDENCE-OF: R-46219-33846 sqlite> EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
# SELECT * FROM (SELECT * FROM t2 WHERE c=1), t1;
# 0|0|0|SEARCH TABLE t2 USING INDEX i4 (c=?)
# 0|1|1|SCAN TABLE t1
#
det 5.11 "SELECT a, b FROM (SELECT * FROM t2 WHERE c=1), t1" {
  0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t2 USING INDEX i4 (c=?)}
  0 1 1 {SCAN TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i2}
}

# EVIDENCE-OF: R-37879-39987 sqlite> EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
# SELECT a FROM t1 UNION SELECT c FROM t2;
# 1|0|0|SCAN TABLE t1
# 2|0|0|SCAN TABLE t2
# 0|0|0|COMPOUND SUBQUERIES 1 AND 2 USING TEMP B-TREE (UNION)
#
det 5.12 "SELECT a,b FROM t1 UNION SELECT c, 99 FROM t2" {
  1 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i2}
  2 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2 USING COVERING INDEX i4}
  0 0 0 {COMPOUND SUBQUERIES 1 AND 2 USING TEMP B-TREE (UNION)}
}

# EVIDENCE-OF: R-44864-63011 sqlite> EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
# SELECT a FROM t1 EXCEPT SELECT d FROM t2 ORDER BY 1;
# 1|0|0|SCAN TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i2
# 2|0|0|SCAN TABLE t2 2|0|0|USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY
# 0|0|0|COMPOUND SUBQUERIES 1 AND 2 (EXCEPT)
#
det 5.13 "SELECT a FROM t1 EXCEPT SELECT d FROM t2 ORDER BY 1" {
  1 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i1}
  2 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2}
  2 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
  0 0 0 {COMPOUND SUBQUERIES 1 AND 2 (EXCEPT)}
}


if {![nonzero_reserved_bytes]} {
  #-------------------------------------------------------------------------
  # The following tests - eqp-6.* - test that the example C code on 
  # documentation page eqp.html works. The C code is duplicated in test1.c
  # and wrapped in Tcl command [print_explain_query_plan] 
  #
................................................................................
  } [string trimleft {
1 0 0 SCAN TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i2
2 0 0 SCAN TABLE t2
2 0 0 USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY
0 0 0 COMPOUND SUBQUERIES 1 AND 2 (EXCEPT)
}]
}


#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# The following tests - eqp-7.* - test that queries that use the OP_Count
# optimization return something sensible with EQP.
#
drop_all_tables

................................................................................
do_execsql_test 7.0 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(a INT, b INT, ex CHAR(100));
  CREATE TABLE t2(a INT, b INT, ex CHAR(100));
  CREATE INDEX i1 ON t2(a);
}

det 7.1 "SELECT count(*) FROM t1" {

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1}
}

det 7.2 "SELECT count(*) FROM t2" {

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2 USING COVERING INDEX i1}
}

do_execsql_test 7.3 {
  INSERT INTO t1(a,b) VALUES(1, 2);
  INSERT INTO t1(a,b) VALUES(3, 4);

  INSERT INTO t2(a,b) VALUES(1, 2);
................................................................................
  ANALYZE;
}

db close
sqlite3 db test.db

det 7.4 "SELECT count(*) FROM t1" {

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1}
}

det 7.5 "SELECT count(*) FROM t2" {

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2 USING COVERING INDEX i1}
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# The following tests - eqp-8.* - test that queries that use the OP_Count
# optimization return something sensible with EQP.
#
drop_all_tables
................................................................................

do_execsql_test 8.0 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(a, b, c, PRIMARY KEY(b, c)) WITHOUT ROWID;
  CREATE TABLE t2(a, b, c);
}

det 8.1.1 "SELECT * FROM t2" {

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2}
}

det 8.1.2 "SELECT * FROM t2 WHERE rowid=?" {

  0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t2 USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?)}
}

det 8.1.3 "SELECT count(*) FROM t2" {

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2}
}

det 8.2.1 "SELECT * FROM t1" {

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1}
}

det 8.2.2 "SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE b=?" {

  0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING PRIMARY KEY (b=?)}
}

det 8.2.3 "SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE b=? AND c=?" {

  0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING PRIMARY KEY (b=? AND c=?)}
}

det 8.2.4 "SELECT count(*) FROM t1" {

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1}
}







finish_test







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  CREATE TABLE t2(a INT, b INT, ex TEXT);
  CREATE TABLE t3(a INT, b INT, ex TEXT);
}

do_eqp_test 1.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t2, t1 WHERE t1.a=1 OR t1.b=2;
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--MULTI-INDEX OR
  |  |--SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i1 (a=?)
  |  `--SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i2 (b=?)
  `--SCAN TABLE t2
}
do_eqp_test 1.3 {
  SELECT * FROM t2 CROSS JOIN t1 WHERE t1.a=1 OR t1.b=2;
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE t2
  `--MULTI-INDEX OR
     |--SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i1 (a=?)
     `--SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i2 (b=?)
}
do_eqp_test 1.3 {
  SELECT a FROM t1 ORDER BY a
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  `--SCAN TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i1
}
do_eqp_test 1.4 {
  SELECT a FROM t1 ORDER BY +a
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i1
  `--USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY
}
do_eqp_test 1.5 {
  SELECT a FROM t1 WHERE a=4
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  `--SEARCH TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i1 (a=?)
}
do_eqp_test 1.6 {
  SELECT DISTINCT count(*) FROM t3 GROUP BY a;
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE t3
  |--USE TEMP B-TREE FOR GROUP BY
  `--USE TEMP B-TREE FOR DISTINCT
}

do_eqp_test 1.7 {
  SELECT * FROM t3 JOIN (SELECT 1)
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--MATERIALIZE xxxxxx
  |  `--SCAN CONSTANT ROW
  |--SCAN SUBQUERY xxxxxx
  `--SCAN TABLE t3
}
do_eqp_test 1.8 {
  SELECT * FROM t3 JOIN (SELECT 1 UNION SELECT 2)
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--MATERIALIZE xxxxxx
  |  `--COMPOUND QUERY
  |     |--LEFT-MOST SUBQUERY
  |     |  `--SCAN CONSTANT ROW
  |     `--UNION USING TEMP B-TREE
  |        `--SCAN CONSTANT ROW
  |--SCAN SUBQUERY xxxxxx
  `--SCAN TABLE t3
}
do_eqp_test 1.9 {
  SELECT * FROM t3 JOIN (SELECT 1 EXCEPT SELECT a FROM t3 LIMIT 17)
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--MATERIALIZE xxxxxx
  |  `--COMPOUND QUERY
  |     |--LEFT-MOST SUBQUERY
  |     |  `--SCAN CONSTANT ROW
  |     `--EXCEPT USING TEMP B-TREE
  |        `--SCAN TABLE t3

  |--SCAN SUBQUERY xxxxxx
  `--SCAN TABLE t3
}
do_eqp_test 1.10 {
  SELECT * FROM t3 JOIN (SELECT 1 INTERSECT SELECT a FROM t3 LIMIT 17)
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--MATERIALIZE xxxxxx
  |  `--COMPOUND QUERY
  |     |--LEFT-MOST SUBQUERY
  |     |  `--SCAN CONSTANT ROW
  |     `--INTERSECT USING TEMP B-TREE
  |        `--SCAN TABLE t3

  |--SCAN SUBQUERY xxxxxx
  `--SCAN TABLE t3
}

do_eqp_test 1.11 {
  SELECT * FROM t3 JOIN (SELECT 1 UNION ALL SELECT a FROM t3 LIMIT 17)
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--MATERIALIZE xxxxxx
  |  `--COMPOUND QUERY
  |     |--LEFT-MOST SUBQUERY
  |     |  `--SCAN CONSTANT ROW
  |     `--UNION ALL
  |        `--SCAN TABLE t3

  |--SCAN SUBQUERY xxxxxx
  `--SCAN TABLE t3
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Test cases eqp-2.* - tests for single select statements.
#
drop_all_tables
do_execsql_test 2.1 {
................................................................................
  CREATE TABLE t1(x INT, y INT, ex TEXT);

  CREATE TABLE t2(x INT, y INT, ex TEXT);
  CREATE INDEX t2i1 ON t2(x);
}

det 2.2.1 "SELECT DISTINCT min(x), max(x) FROM t1 GROUP BY x ORDER BY 1" {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE t1
  |--USE TEMP B-TREE FOR GROUP BY
  |--USE TEMP B-TREE FOR DISTINCT
  `--USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY
}
det 2.2.2 "SELECT DISTINCT min(x), max(x) FROM t2 GROUP BY x ORDER BY 1" {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE t2 USING COVERING INDEX t2i1
  |--USE TEMP B-TREE FOR DISTINCT
  `--USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY
}
det 2.2.3 "SELECT DISTINCT * FROM t1" {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE t1
  `--USE TEMP B-TREE FOR DISTINCT
}
det 2.2.4 "SELECT DISTINCT * FROM t1, t2" {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE t1
  |--SCAN TABLE t2
  `--USE TEMP B-TREE FOR DISTINCT
}
det 2.2.5 "SELECT DISTINCT * FROM t1, t2 ORDER BY t1.x" {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE t1
  |--SCAN TABLE t2
  |--USE TEMP B-TREE FOR DISTINCT
  `--USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY
}
det 2.2.6 "SELECT DISTINCT t2.x FROM t1, t2 ORDER BY t2.x" {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE t2 USING COVERING INDEX t2i1
  `--SCAN TABLE t1
}

det 2.3.1 "SELECT max(x) FROM t2" {
  QUERY PLAN
  `--SEARCH TABLE t2 USING COVERING INDEX t2i1
}
det 2.3.2 "SELECT min(x) FROM t2" {
  QUERY PLAN
  `--SEARCH TABLE t2 USING COVERING INDEX t2i1
}
det 2.3.3 "SELECT min(x), max(x) FROM t2" {
  QUERY PLAN
  `--SCAN TABLE t2 USING COVERING INDEX t2i1
}

det 2.4.1 "SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE rowid=?" {
  QUERY PLAN
  `--SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?)
}



#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Test cases eqp-3.* - tests for select statements that use sub-selects.
#
do_eqp_test 3.1.1 {
  SELECT (SELECT x FROM t1 AS sub) FROM t1;
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE t1
  `--SCALAR SUBQUERY
     `--SCAN TABLE t1 AS sub
}
do_eqp_test 3.1.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE (SELECT x FROM t1 AS sub);
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE t1
  `--SCALAR SUBQUERY
     `--SCAN TABLE t1 AS sub
}
do_eqp_test 3.1.3 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE (SELECT x FROM t1 AS sub ORDER BY y);
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE t1
  `--SCALAR SUBQUERY
     |--SCAN TABLE t1 AS sub
     `--USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY
}
do_eqp_test 3.1.4 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE (SELECT x FROM t2 ORDER BY x);
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE t1
  `--SCALAR SUBQUERY
     `--SCAN TABLE t2 USING COVERING INDEX t2i1
}

det 3.2.1 {
  SELECT * FROM (SELECT * FROM t1 ORDER BY x LIMIT 10) ORDER BY y LIMIT 5
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--CO-ROUTINE xxxxxx
  |  |--SCAN TABLE t1
  |  `--USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY
  |--SCAN SUBQUERY xxxxxx
  `--USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY
}
det 3.2.2 {
  SELECT * FROM 
    (SELECT * FROM t1 ORDER BY x LIMIT 10) AS x1,
    (SELECT * FROM t2 ORDER BY x LIMIT 10) AS x2
  ORDER BY x2.y LIMIT 5
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--MATERIALIZE xxxxxx
  |  |--SCAN TABLE t1
  |  `--USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY
  |--MATERIALIZE xxxxxx
  |  `--SCAN TABLE t2 USING INDEX t2i1
  |--SCAN SUBQUERY xxxxxx AS x1
  |--SCAN SUBQUERY xxxxxx AS x2
  `--USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY
}

det 3.3.1 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE y IN (SELECT y FROM t2)
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE t1
  `--LIST SUBQUERY
     `--SCAN TABLE t2
}
det 3.3.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE y IN (SELECT y FROM t2 WHERE t1.x!=t2.x)
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE t1
  `--CORRELATED LIST SUBQUERY
     `--SCAN TABLE t2
}
det 3.3.3 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE EXISTS (SELECT y FROM t2 WHERE t1.x!=t2.x)
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE t1
  `--CORRELATED SCALAR SUBQUERY
     `--SCAN TABLE t2
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Test cases eqp-4.* - tests for composite select statements.
#
do_eqp_test 4.1.1 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 UNION ALL SELECT * FROM t2
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  `--COMPOUND QUERY
     |--LEFT-MOST SUBQUERY
     |  `--SCAN TABLE t1
     `--UNION ALL
        `--SCAN TABLE t2

}
do_eqp_test 4.1.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 UNION ALL SELECT * FROM t2 ORDER BY 2
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  `--MERGE (UNION ALL)
     |--LEFT
     |  |--SCAN TABLE t1
     |  `--USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY
     `--RIGHT
        |--SCAN TABLE t2
        `--USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY

}
do_eqp_test 4.1.3 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 UNION SELECT * FROM t2 ORDER BY 2
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  `--MERGE (UNION)
     |--LEFT
     |  |--SCAN TABLE t1
     |  `--USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY
     `--RIGHT
        |--SCAN TABLE t2
        `--USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY

}
do_eqp_test 4.1.4 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 INTERSECT SELECT * FROM t2 ORDER BY 2
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  `--MERGE (INTERSECT)
     |--LEFT
     |  |--SCAN TABLE t1
     |  `--USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY
     `--RIGHT
        |--SCAN TABLE t2
        `--USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY

}
do_eqp_test 4.1.5 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 EXCEPT SELECT * FROM t2 ORDER BY 2
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  `--MERGE (EXCEPT)
     |--LEFT
     |  |--SCAN TABLE t1
     |  `--USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY
     `--RIGHT
        |--SCAN TABLE t2
        `--USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY

}

do_eqp_test 4.2.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 UNION ALL SELECT * FROM t2 ORDER BY 1
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  `--MERGE (UNION ALL)
     |--LEFT
     |  |--SCAN TABLE t1
     |  `--USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY
     `--RIGHT
        `--SCAN TABLE t2 USING INDEX t2i1

}
do_eqp_test 4.2.3 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 UNION SELECT * FROM t2 ORDER BY 1
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  `--MERGE (UNION)
     |--LEFT
     |  |--SCAN TABLE t1
     |  `--USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY
     `--RIGHT
        |--SCAN TABLE t2 USING INDEX t2i1
        `--USE TEMP B-TREE FOR RIGHT PART OF ORDER BY

}
do_eqp_test 4.2.4 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 INTERSECT SELECT * FROM t2 ORDER BY 1
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  `--MERGE (INTERSECT)
     |--LEFT
     |  |--SCAN TABLE t1
     |  `--USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY
     `--RIGHT
        |--SCAN TABLE t2 USING INDEX t2i1
        `--USE TEMP B-TREE FOR RIGHT PART OF ORDER BY

}
do_eqp_test 4.2.5 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 EXCEPT SELECT * FROM t2 ORDER BY 1
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  `--MERGE (EXCEPT)
     |--LEFT
     |  |--SCAN TABLE t1
     |  `--USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY
     `--RIGHT
        |--SCAN TABLE t2 USING INDEX t2i1
        `--USE TEMP B-TREE FOR RIGHT PART OF ORDER BY

}

do_eqp_test 4.3.1 {
  SELECT x FROM t1 UNION SELECT x FROM t2
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  `--COMPOUND QUERY
     |--LEFT-MOST SUBQUERY
     |  `--SCAN TABLE t1
     `--UNION USING TEMP B-TREE
        `--SCAN TABLE t2 USING COVERING INDEX t2i1

}

do_eqp_test 4.3.2 {
  SELECT x FROM t1 UNION SELECT x FROM t2 UNION SELECT x FROM t1
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  `--COMPOUND QUERY
     |--LEFT-MOST SUBQUERY
     |  `--SCAN TABLE t1
     |--UNION USING TEMP B-TREE
     |  `--SCAN TABLE t2 USING COVERING INDEX t2i1
     `--UNION USING TEMP B-TREE
        `--SCAN TABLE t1

}
do_eqp_test 4.3.3 {
  SELECT x FROM t1 UNION SELECT x FROM t2 UNION SELECT x FROM t1 ORDER BY 1
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  `--MERGE (UNION)
     |--LEFT
     |  `--MERGE (UNION)
     |     |--LEFT
     |     |  |--SCAN TABLE t1
     |     |  `--USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY
     |     `--RIGHT
     |        `--SCAN TABLE t2 USING COVERING INDEX t2i1

     `--RIGHT
        |--SCAN TABLE t1
        `--USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY

}

if 0 {
#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# This next block of tests verifies that the examples on the 
# lang_explain.html page are correct.
#
drop_all_tables

# XVIDENCE-OF: R-47779-47605 sqlite> EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT a, b
# FROM t1 WHERE a=1;
# 0|0|0|SCAN TABLE t1
#
do_execsql_test 5.1.0 { CREATE TABLE t1(a INT, b INT, ex TEXT) }
det 5.1.1 "SELECT a, b FROM t1 WHERE a=1" {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1}
}

# XVIDENCE-OF: R-55852-17599 sqlite> CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(a);
# sqlite> EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT a, b FROM t1 WHERE a=1;
# 0|0|0|SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i1
#
do_execsql_test 5.2.0 { CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(a) }
det 5.2.1 "SELECT a, b FROM t1 WHERE a=1" {
  0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i1 (a=?)}
}

# XVIDENCE-OF: R-21179-11011 sqlite> CREATE INDEX i2 ON t1(a, b);
# sqlite> EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT a, b FROM t1 WHERE a=1;
# 0|0|0|SEARCH TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i2 (a=?)
#
do_execsql_test 5.3.0 { CREATE INDEX i2 ON t1(a, b) }
det 5.3.1 "SELECT a, b FROM t1 WHERE a=1" {
  0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i2 (a=?)}
}

# XVIDENCE-OF: R-09991-48941 sqlite> EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
# SELECT t1.*, t2.* FROM t1, t2 WHERE t1.a=1 AND t1.b>2;
# 0|0|0|SEARCH TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i2 (a=? AND b>?)
# 0|1|1|SCAN TABLE t2
#
do_execsql_test 5.4.0 {CREATE TABLE t2(c INT, d INT, ex TEXT)}
det 5.4.1 "SELECT t1.a, t2.c FROM t1, t2 WHERE t1.a=1 AND t1.b>2" {
  0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i2 (a=? AND b>?)}
  0 1 1 {SCAN TABLE t2}
}

# XVIDENCE-OF: R-33626-61085 sqlite> EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
# SELECT t1.*, t2.* FROM t2, t1 WHERE t1.a=1 AND t1.b>2;
# 0|0|1|SEARCH TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i2 (a=? AND b>?)
# 0|1|0|SCAN TABLE t2
#
det 5.5 "SELECT t1.a, t2.c FROM t2, t1 WHERE t1.a=1 AND t1.b>2" {
  0 0 1 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i2 (a=? AND b>?)}
  0 1 0 {SCAN TABLE t2}
}

# XVIDENCE-OF: R-04002-25654 sqlite> CREATE INDEX i3 ON t1(b);
# sqlite> EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a=1 OR b=2;
# 0|0|0|SEARCH TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i2 (a=?)
# 0|0|0|SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i3 (b=?)
#
do_execsql_test 5.5.0 {CREATE INDEX i3 ON t1(b)}
det 5.6.1 "SELECT a, b FROM t1 WHERE a=1 OR b=2" {
  0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i2 (a=?)}
  0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i3 (b=?)}
}

# XVIDENCE-OF: R-24577-38891 sqlite> EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
# SELECT c, d FROM t2 ORDER BY c;
# 0|0|0|SCAN TABLE t2
# 0|0|0|USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY
#
det 5.7 "SELECT c, d FROM t2 ORDER BY c" {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2}
  0 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
}

# XVIDENCE-OF: R-58157-12355 sqlite> CREATE INDEX i4 ON t2(c);
# sqlite> EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT c, d FROM t2 ORDER BY c;
# 0|0|0|SCAN TABLE t2 USING INDEX i4
#
do_execsql_test 5.8.0 {CREATE INDEX i4 ON t2(c)}
det 5.8.1 "SELECT c, d FROM t2 ORDER BY c" {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2 USING INDEX i4}
}

# XVIDENCE-OF: R-13931-10421 sqlite> EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT
# (SELECT b FROM t1 WHERE a=0), (SELECT a FROM t1 WHERE b=t2.c) FROM t2;
# 0|0|0|SCAN TABLE t2
# 0|0|0|EXECUTE SCALAR SUBQUERY 1
# 1|0|0|SEARCH TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i2 (a=?)
# 0|0|0|EXECUTE CORRELATED SCALAR SUBQUERY 2
# 2|0|0|SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i3 (b=?)
#
................................................................................
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2 USING COVERING INDEX i4}
  0 0 0 {EXECUTE SCALAR SUBQUERY 1}
  1 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i2 (a=?)}
  0 0 0 {EXECUTE CORRELATED SCALAR SUBQUERY 2}
  2 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i3 (b=?)}
}

# XVIDENCE-OF: R-50892-45943 sqlite> EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
# SELECT count(*) FROM (SELECT max(b) AS x FROM t1 GROUP BY a) GROUP BY x;
# 1|0|0|SCAN TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i2
# 0|0|0|SCAN SUBQUERY 1
# 0|0|0|USE TEMP B-TREE FOR GROUP BY
#
det 5.10 {
  SELECT count(*) FROM (SELECT max(b) AS x FROM t1 GROUP BY a) GROUP BY x
} {
  1 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i2}
  0 0 0 {SCAN SUBQUERY 1}
  0 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR GROUP BY}
}

# XVIDENCE-OF: R-46219-33846 sqlite> EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
# SELECT * FROM (SELECT * FROM t2 WHERE c=1), t1;
# 0|0|0|SEARCH TABLE t2 USING INDEX i4 (c=?)
# 0|1|1|SCAN TABLE t1
#
det 5.11 "SELECT a, b FROM (SELECT * FROM t2 WHERE c=1), t1" {
  0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t2 USING INDEX i4 (c=?)}
  0 1 1 {SCAN TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i2}
}

# XVIDENCE-OF: R-37879-39987 sqlite> EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
# SELECT a FROM t1 UNION SELECT c FROM t2;
# 1|0|0|SCAN TABLE t1
# 2|0|0|SCAN TABLE t2
# 0|0|0|COMPOUND SUBQUERIES 1 AND 2 USING TEMP B-TREE (UNION)
#
det 5.12 "SELECT a,b FROM t1 UNION SELECT c, 99 FROM t2" {
  1 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i2}
  2 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2 USING COVERING INDEX i4}
  0 0 0 {COMPOUND SUBQUERIES 1 AND 2 USING TEMP B-TREE (UNION)}
}

# XVIDENCE-OF: R-44864-63011 sqlite> EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
# SELECT a FROM t1 EXCEPT SELECT d FROM t2 ORDER BY 1;
# 1|0|0|SCAN TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i2
# 2|0|0|SCAN TABLE t2 2|0|0|USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY
# 0|0|0|COMPOUND SUBQUERIES 1 AND 2 (EXCEPT)
#
det 5.13 "SELECT a FROM t1 EXCEPT SELECT d FROM t2 ORDER BY 1" {
  1 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i1}
  2 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2}
  2 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
  0 0 0 {COMPOUND SUBQUERIES 1 AND 2 (EXCEPT)}
}


if {![nonzero_reserved_bytes]} {
  #-------------------------------------------------------------------------
  # The following tests - eqp-6.* - test that the example C code on 
  # documentation page eqp.html works. The C code is duplicated in test1.c
  # and wrapped in Tcl command [print_explain_query_plan] 
  #
................................................................................
  } [string trimleft {
1 0 0 SCAN TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i2
2 0 0 SCAN TABLE t2
2 0 0 USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY
0 0 0 COMPOUND SUBQUERIES 1 AND 2 (EXCEPT)
}]
}
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# The following tests - eqp-7.* - test that queries that use the OP_Count
# optimization return something sensible with EQP.
#
drop_all_tables

................................................................................
do_execsql_test 7.0 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(a INT, b INT, ex CHAR(100));
  CREATE TABLE t2(a INT, b INT, ex CHAR(100));
  CREATE INDEX i1 ON t2(a);
}

det 7.1 "SELECT count(*) FROM t1" {
  QUERY PLAN
  `--SCAN TABLE t1
}

det 7.2 "SELECT count(*) FROM t2" {
  QUERY PLAN
  `--SCAN TABLE t2 USING COVERING INDEX i1
}

do_execsql_test 7.3 {
  INSERT INTO t1(a,b) VALUES(1, 2);
  INSERT INTO t1(a,b) VALUES(3, 4);

  INSERT INTO t2(a,b) VALUES(1, 2);
................................................................................
  ANALYZE;
}

db close
sqlite3 db test.db

det 7.4 "SELECT count(*) FROM t1" {
  QUERY PLAN
  `--SCAN TABLE t1
}

det 7.5 "SELECT count(*) FROM t2" {
  QUERY PLAN
  `--SCAN TABLE t2 USING COVERING INDEX i1
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# The following tests - eqp-8.* - test that queries that use the OP_Count
# optimization return something sensible with EQP.
#
drop_all_tables
................................................................................

do_execsql_test 8.0 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(a, b, c, PRIMARY KEY(b, c)) WITHOUT ROWID;
  CREATE TABLE t2(a, b, c);
}

det 8.1.1 "SELECT * FROM t2" {
  QUERY PLAN
  `--SCAN TABLE t2
}

det 8.1.2 "SELECT * FROM t2 WHERE rowid=?" {
  QUERY PLAN
  `--SEARCH TABLE t2 USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?)
}

det 8.1.3 "SELECT count(*) FROM t2" {
  QUERY PLAN
  `--SCAN TABLE t2
}

det 8.2.1 "SELECT * FROM t1" {
  QUERY PLAN
  `--SCAN TABLE t1
}

det 8.2.2 "SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE b=?" {
  QUERY PLAN
  `--SEARCH TABLE t1 USING PRIMARY KEY (b=?)
}

det 8.2.3 "SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE b=? AND c=?" {
  QUERY PLAN
  `--SEARCH TABLE t1 USING PRIMARY KEY (b=? AND c=?)
}

det 8.2.4 "SELECT count(*) FROM t1" {
  QUERY PLAN
  `--SCAN TABLE t1
}







finish_test

Changes to test/fts3aux1.test.

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db func rec rec

# Use EQP to show that the WHERE expression "term='braid'" uses a different
# index number (1) than "+term='braid'" (0).
#
do_execsql_test 2.1.1.1 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM terms WHERE term='braid'
} { 0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE terms VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 1:} }
do_execsql_test 2.1.1.2 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM terms WHERE +term='braid'
} {0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE terms VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 0:}}

# Now show that using "term='braid'" means the virtual table returns
# only 1 row to SQLite, but "+term='braid'" means all 19 are returned.
#
do_test 2.1.2.1 {
  set cnt 0
  execsql { SELECT * FROM terms_v WHERE rec('cnt', term) AND term='braid' }
................................................................................

# Special case: term=NULL
#
do_execsql_test 2.1.5 { SELECT * FROM terms WHERE term=NULL } {}

do_execsql_test 2.2.1.1 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM terms WHERE term>'brain'
} { 0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE terms VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:} }
do_execsql_test 2.2.1.2 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM terms WHERE +term>'brain'
} { 0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE terms VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 0:} }

do_execsql_test 2.2.1.3 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM terms WHERE term<'brain'
} { 0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE terms VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 4:} }
do_execsql_test 2.2.1.4 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM terms WHERE +term<'brain'
} { 0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE terms VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 0:} }

do_execsql_test 2.2.1.5 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM terms WHERE term BETWEEN 'brags' AND 'brain'
} { 0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE terms VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 6:} }
do_execsql_test 2.2.1.6 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM terms WHERE +term BETWEEN 'brags' AND 'brain'
} { 0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE terms VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 0:} }

do_test 2.2.2.1 {
  set cnt 0
  execsql { SELECT * FROM terms WHERE rec('cnt', term) AND term>'brain' }
  set cnt
} {18}
do_test 2.2.2.2 {
................................................................................
  5    1    "ORDER BY documents"
  6    1    "ORDER BY documents DESC"
  7    1    "ORDER BY occurrences ASC"
  8    1    "ORDER BY occurrences"
  9    1    "ORDER BY occurrences DESC"
} {

  set res [list 0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE terms VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 0:}]
  if {$sort} { lappend res 0 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY} }


  set sql "SELECT * FROM terms $orderby"
  do_execsql_test 2.3.1.$tn "EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN $sql" $res
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# The next set of tests, fts3aux1-3.*, test error conditions in the 
................................................................................
  INSERT INTO x1 VALUES('f g h i j');
  INSERT INTO x1 VALUES('k k l l a');

  INSERT INTO x2 SELECT term FROM terms WHERE col = '*';
  INSERT INTO x3 SELECT term FROM terms WHERE col = '*';
}

proc do_plansql_test {tn sql r} {

  uplevel do_execsql_test $tn [list "EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN $sql ; $sql"] [list $r]
}

do_plansql_test 4.2 {
  SELECT y FROM x2, terms WHERE y = term AND col = '*'
} {

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE x2} 
  0 1 1 {SCAN TABLE terms VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 1:} 

  a b c d e f g h i j k l
}

do_plansql_test 4.3 {
  SELECT y FROM terms, x2 WHERE y = term AND col = '*'
} {

  0 0 1 {SCAN TABLE x2} 
  0 1 0 {SCAN TABLE terms VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 1:} 

  a b c d e f g h i j k l
}

do_plansql_test 4.4 {
  SELECT y FROM x3, terms WHERE y = term AND col = '*'
} {

  0 0 1 {SCAN TABLE terms VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 0:} 
  0 1 0 {SEARCH TABLE x3 USING COVERING INDEX i1 (y=?)}

  a b c d e f g h i j k l
}

do_plansql_test 4.5 {
  SELECT y FROM terms, x3 WHERE y = term AND occurrences>1 AND col = '*'
} {

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE terms VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 0:} 
  0 1 1 {SEARCH TABLE x3 USING COVERING INDEX i1 (y=?)}

  a k l
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# The following tests check that fts4aux can handle an fts table with an
# odd name (one that requires quoting for use in SQL statements). And that
# the argument to the fts4aux constructor is properly dequoted before use.







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db func rec rec

# Use EQP to show that the WHERE expression "term='braid'" uses a different
# index number (1) than "+term='braid'" (0).
#
do_execsql_test 2.1.1.1 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM terms WHERE term='braid'
} {/*SCAN TABLE terms VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 1:*/}
do_execsql_test 2.1.1.2 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM terms WHERE +term='braid'
} {/*SCAN TABLE terms VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 0:*/}

# Now show that using "term='braid'" means the virtual table returns
# only 1 row to SQLite, but "+term='braid'" means all 19 are returned.
#
do_test 2.1.2.1 {
  set cnt 0
  execsql { SELECT * FROM terms_v WHERE rec('cnt', term) AND term='braid' }
................................................................................

# Special case: term=NULL
#
do_execsql_test 2.1.5 { SELECT * FROM terms WHERE term=NULL } {}

do_execsql_test 2.2.1.1 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM terms WHERE term>'brain'
} {/*SCAN TABLE terms VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:*/}
do_execsql_test 2.2.1.2 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM terms WHERE +term>'brain'
} {/*SCAN TABLE terms VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 0:*/}

do_execsql_test 2.2.1.3 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM terms WHERE term<'brain'
} {/*SCAN TABLE terms VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 4:*/}
do_execsql_test 2.2.1.4 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM terms WHERE +term<'brain'
} {/*SCAN TABLE terms VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 0:*/}

do_execsql_test 2.2.1.5 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM terms WHERE term BETWEEN 'brags' AND 'brain'
} {/*SCAN TABLE terms VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 6:*/}
do_execsql_test 2.2.1.6 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM terms WHERE +term BETWEEN 'brags' AND 'brain'
} {/*SCAN TABLE terms VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 0:*/}

do_test 2.2.2.1 {
  set cnt 0
  execsql { SELECT * FROM terms WHERE rec('cnt', term) AND term>'brain' }
  set cnt
} {18}
do_test 2.2.2.2 {
................................................................................
  5    1    "ORDER BY documents"
  6    1    "ORDER BY documents DESC"
  7    1    "ORDER BY occurrences ASC"
  8    1    "ORDER BY occurrences"
  9    1    "ORDER BY occurrences DESC"
} {

  set res {SCAN TABLE terms VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 0:}
  if {$sort} { append res {*USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY} }
  set res "/*$res*/"

  set sql "SELECT * FROM terms $orderby"
  do_execsql_test 2.3.1.$tn "EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN $sql" $res
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# The next set of tests, fts3aux1-3.*, test error conditions in the 
................................................................................
  INSERT INTO x1 VALUES('f g h i j');
  INSERT INTO x1 VALUES('k k l l a');

  INSERT INTO x2 SELECT term FROM terms WHERE col = '*';
  INSERT INTO x3 SELECT term FROM terms WHERE col = '*';
}

proc do_plansql_test {tn sql r1 r2} {
  do_eqp_test $tn.eqp $sql $r1
  do_execsql_test $tn $sql $r2
}

do_plansql_test 4.2 {
  SELECT y FROM x2, terms WHERE y = term AND col = '*'
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE x2
  `--SCAN TABLE terms VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 1:
} {
  a b c d e f g h i j k l
}

do_plansql_test 4.3 {
  SELECT y FROM terms, x2 WHERE y = term AND col = '*'
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE x2
  `--SCAN TABLE terms VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 1:
} {
  a b c d e f g h i j k l
}

do_plansql_test 4.4 {
  SELECT y FROM x3, terms WHERE y = term AND col = '*'
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE terms VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 0:
  `--SEARCH TABLE x3 USING COVERING INDEX i1 (y=?)
} {
  a b c d e f g h i j k l
}

do_plansql_test 4.5 {
  SELECT y FROM terms, x3 WHERE y = term AND occurrences>1 AND col = '*'
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE terms VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 0:
  `--SEARCH TABLE x3 USING COVERING INDEX i1 (y=?)
} {
  a k l
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# The following tests check that fts4aux can handle an fts table with an
# odd name (one that requires quoting for use in SQL statements). And that
# the argument to the fts4aux constructor is properly dequoted before use.

Changes to test/fts3expr.test.

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# cases in the test code, which makes test coverage easier to measure.
# 
do_test fts3expr-5.1 {
  catchsql { SELECT fts3_exprtest('simple', 'a b') }
} {1 {Usage: fts3_exprtest(tokenizer, expr, col1, ...}}
do_test fts3expr-5.2 {
  catchsql { SELECT fts3_exprtest('doesnotexist', 'a b', 'c') }
} {1 {No such tokenizer module}}
do_test fts3expr-5.3 {
  catchsql { SELECT fts3_exprtest('simple', 'a b OR', 'c') }
} {1 {Error parsing expression}}

#------------------------------------------------------------------------
# The next set of tests verifies that things actually work as they are
# supposed to when using the new syntax.







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# cases in the test code, which makes test coverage easier to measure.
# 
do_test fts3expr-5.1 {
  catchsql { SELECT fts3_exprtest('simple', 'a b') }
} {1 {Usage: fts3_exprtest(tokenizer, expr, col1, ...}}
do_test fts3expr-5.2 {
  catchsql { SELECT fts3_exprtest('doesnotexist', 'a b', 'c') }
} {1 {unknown tokenizer: doesnotexist}}
do_test fts3expr-5.3 {
  catchsql { SELECT fts3_exprtest('simple', 'a b OR', 'c') }
} {1 {Error parsing expression}}

#------------------------------------------------------------------------
# The next set of tests verifies that things actually work as they are
# supposed to when using the new syntax.

Changes to test/fts3expr4.test.

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set sqlite_fts3_enable_parentheses 1

proc test_fts3expr {tokenizer expr} {
  db one {SELECT fts3_exprtest($tokenizer, $expr, 'a', 'b', 'c')}
}

proc do_icu_expr_test {tn expr res} {

  uplevel [list do_test $tn [list test_fts3expr icu $expr] [list {*}$res]]
}

proc do_simple_expr_test {tn expr res} {
  uplevel [list do_test $tn [list test_fts3expr simple $expr] [list {*}$res]]
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------







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set sqlite_fts3_enable_parentheses 1

proc test_fts3expr {tokenizer expr} {
  db one {SELECT fts3_exprtest($tokenizer, $expr, 'a', 'b', 'c')}
}

proc do_icu_expr_test {tn expr res} {
  set res2 [list {*}$res]
  uplevel [list do_test $tn [list test_fts3expr "icu en_US" $expr] $res2]
}

proc do_simple_expr_test {tn expr res} {
  uplevel [list do_test $tn [list test_fts3expr simple $expr] [list {*}$res]]
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------

Changes to test/fts3join.test.

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do_eqp_test 4.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t4 LEFT JOIN (
      SELECT docid, * FROM ft4 WHERE ft4 MATCH ?
  ) AS rr ON t4.rowid=rr.docid 
  WHERE t4.y = ?;
} {


  1 0 0 {SCAN TABLE ft4 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 3:} 
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t4}
  0 1 1 {SEARCH SUBQUERY 1 AS rr USING AUTOMATIC COVERING INDEX (docid=?)}
}

finish_test







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do_eqp_test 4.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t4 LEFT JOIN (
      SELECT docid, * FROM ft4 WHERE ft4 MATCH ?
  ) AS rr ON t4.rowid=rr.docid 
  WHERE t4.y = ?;
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--MATERIALIZE xxxxxx
  |  `--SCAN TABLE ft4 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 3:
  |--SCAN TABLE t4
  `--SEARCH SUBQUERY xxxxxx AS rr USING AUTOMATIC COVERING INDEX (docid=?)
}

finish_test

Changes to test/fts3query.test.

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    CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE ft USING fts3(title);
    CREATE TABLE bt(title);
  }
} {}
do_eqp_test fts3query-4.2 {
  SELECT t1.number FROM t1, ft WHERE t1.number=ft.rowid ORDER BY t1.date
} {

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i1} 
  0 1 1 {SCAN TABLE ft VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 1:}
}
do_eqp_test fts3query-4.3 {
  SELECT t1.number FROM ft, t1 WHERE t1.number=ft.rowid ORDER BY t1.date
} {

  0 0 1 {SCAN TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i1} 
  0 1 0 {SCAN TABLE ft VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 1:}
}
do_eqp_test fts3query-4.4 {
  SELECT t1.number FROM t1, bt WHERE t1.number=bt.rowid ORDER BY t1.date
} {

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i1} 
  0 1 1 {SEARCH TABLE bt USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?)}
}
do_eqp_test fts3query-4.5 {
  SELECT t1.number FROM bt, t1 WHERE t1.number=bt.rowid ORDER BY t1.date
} {

  0 0 1 {SCAN TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i1} 
  0 1 0 {SEARCH TABLE bt USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?)}
}


# Test that calling matchinfo() with the wrong number of arguments, or with
# an invalid argument returns an error.
#
do_execsql_test 5.1 {







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    CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE ft USING fts3(title);
    CREATE TABLE bt(title);
  }
} {}
do_eqp_test fts3query-4.2 {
  SELECT t1.number FROM t1, ft WHERE t1.number=ft.rowid ORDER BY t1.date
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i1
  `--SCAN TABLE ft VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 1:
}
do_eqp_test fts3query-4.3 {
  SELECT t1.number FROM ft, t1 WHERE t1.number=ft.rowid ORDER BY t1.date
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i1
  `--SCAN TABLE ft VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 1:
}
do_eqp_test fts3query-4.4 {
  SELECT t1.number FROM t1, bt WHERE t1.number=bt.rowid ORDER BY t1.date
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i1
  `--SEARCH TABLE bt USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?)
}
do_eqp_test fts3query-4.5 {
  SELECT t1.number FROM bt, t1 WHERE t1.number=bt.rowid ORDER BY t1.date
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i1
  `--SEARCH TABLE bt USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?)
}


# Test that calling matchinfo() with the wrong number of arguments, or with
# an invalid argument returns an error.
#
do_execsql_test 5.1 {

Changes to test/fuzz_malloc.test.

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  execsql $::prep
  set jj 0
  for {set ii 0} {$ii < $::fuzzyopts(-repeats)} {incr ii} {
    expr srand($jj)
    incr jj
    set ::sql [subst $::fuzzyopts(-template)]
    # puts fuzyy-sql=\[$::sql\]; flush stdout
    foreach {rc res} [catchsql "$::sql"] {}
    if {$rc==0} {
      do_malloc_test $testname-$ii -sqlbody $::sql -sqlprep $::prep











    } else {
      incr ii -1
    }
  }
}

#----------------------------------------------------------------







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  execsql $::prep
  set jj 0
  for {set ii 0} {$ii < $::fuzzyopts(-repeats)} {incr ii} {
    expr srand($jj)
    incr jj
    set ::sql [subst $::fuzzyopts(-template)]
    # puts fuzyy-sql=\[$::sql\]; flush stdout
    foreach {rc ::fmtres} [catchsql "$::sql"] {}
    if {$rc==0} {
      set nErr1 [set_test_counter errors]
      do_faultsim_test $testname-$ii -faults oom* -body {
        execsql $::sql
      } -test {
        if {$testrc && $testresult!="datatype mismatch"} { 
          faultsim_test_result {0 {}}
        }
      }
      if {[set_test_counter errors]>$nErr1} {
        puts "Previous fuzzy-sql=\[$::sql\]"
        flush stdout
      }
    } else {
      incr ii -1
    }
  }
}

#----------------------------------------------------------------

Changes to test/index6.test.

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  INSERT INTO t8b VALUES('value', 3);
  INSERT INTO t8b VALUES('dummy', 4);
} {}

do_eqp_test index6-8.1 {
  SELECT * FROM t8a LEFT JOIN t8b ON (x = 'value' AND y = a)
} {

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t8a} 
  0 1 1 {SEARCH TABLE t8b USING INDEX i8c (y=?)}
}

do_execsql_test index6-8.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t8a LEFT JOIN t8b ON (x = 'value' AND y = a)
} {
  1 one value 1 
  2 two {} {} 







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  INSERT INTO t8b VALUES('value', 3);
  INSERT INTO t8b VALUES('dummy', 4);
} {}

do_eqp_test index6-8.1 {
  SELECT * FROM t8a LEFT JOIN t8b ON (x = 'value' AND y = a)
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE t8a
  `--SEARCH TABLE t8b USING INDEX i8c (y=?)
}

do_execsql_test index6-8.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t8a LEFT JOIN t8b ON (x = 'value' AND y = a)
} {
  1 one value 1 
  2 two {} {} 

Changes to test/index7.test.

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  INSERT INTO t4 VALUES('def', 'xyz');
  SELECT * FROM v4 WHERE d='xyz' AND c='def'
} {
  def xyz
}
do_eqp_test index7-6.4 {
  SELECT * FROM v4 WHERE d='xyz' AND c='def'
} {
  0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t4 USING INDEX i4 (c=?)}
}
do_catchsql_test index7-6.5 {
  CREATE INDEX t5a ON t5(a) WHERE a=#1;
} {1 {near "#1": syntax error}}


finish_test







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  INSERT INTO t4 VALUES('def', 'xyz');
  SELECT * FROM v4 WHERE d='xyz' AND c='def'
} {
  def xyz
}
do_eqp_test index7-6.4 {
  SELECT * FROM v4 WHERE d='xyz' AND c='def'

} {SEARCH TABLE t4 USING INDEX i4 (c=?)}

do_catchsql_test index7-6.5 {
  CREATE INDEX t5a ON t5(a) WHERE a=#1;
} {1 {near "#1": syntax error}}


finish_test

Changes to test/indexedby.test.

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#
proc EQP {sql} {
  uplevel "execsql {EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN $sql}"
}

# These tests are to check that "EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN" is working as expected.
#
do_execsql_test indexedby-1.2 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN select * from t1 WHERE a = 10; 
} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i1 (a=?)}}
do_execsql_test indexedby-1.3 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN select * from t1 ; 
} {0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1}}
do_execsql_test indexedby-1.4 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN select * from t1, t2 WHERE c = 10; 
} {

  0 0 1 {SEARCH TABLE t2 USING INDEX i3 (c=?)} 
  0 1 0 {SCAN TABLE t1}
}

# Parser tests. Test that an INDEXED BY or NOT INDEX clause can be 
# attached to a table in the FROM clause, but not to a sub-select or
# SQL view. Also test that specifying an index that does not exist or
# is attached to a different table is detected as an error.
#
# EVIDENCE-OF: R-07004-11522 -- syntax diagram qualified-table-name
# 
# EVIDENCE-OF: R-58230-57098 The "INDEXED BY index-name" phrase
# specifies that the named index must be used in order to look up values
# on the preceding table.
#
do_test indexedby-2.1 {
  execsql { SELECT * FROM t1 NOT INDEXED WHERE a = 'one' AND b = 'two'}
................................................................................
#
# EVIDENCE-OF: R-37002-28871 The "NOT INDEXED" clause specifies that no
# index shall be used when accessing the preceding table, including
# implied indices create by UNIQUE and PRIMARY KEY constraints. However,
# the rowid can still be used to look up entries even when "NOT INDEXED"
# is specified.
#
do_execsql_test indexedby-3.1 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a = 'one' AND b = 'two'
} {/SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX/}
do_execsql_test indexedby-3.1.1 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t1 NOT INDEXED WHERE a = 'one' AND b = 'two'
} {0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1}}
do_execsql_test indexedby-3.1.2 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t1 NOT INDEXED WHERE rowid=1
} {/SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY .rowid=/}


do_execsql_test indexedby-3.2 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN 
  SELECT * FROM t1 INDEXED BY i1 WHERE a = 'one' AND b = 'two'
} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i1 (a=?)}}
do_execsql_test indexedby-3.3 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN 
  SELECT * FROM t1 INDEXED BY i2 WHERE a = 'one' AND b = 'two'
} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i2 (b=?)}}
do_test indexedby-3.4 {
  catchsql { SELECT * FROM t1 INDEXED BY i2 WHERE a = 'one' }
} {1 {no query solution}}
do_test indexedby-3.5 {
  catchsql { SELECT * FROM t1 INDEXED BY i2 ORDER BY a }
} {1 {no query solution}}
do_test indexedby-3.6 {
  catchsql { SELECT * FROM t1 INDEXED BY i1 WHERE a = 'one' }
} {0 {}}
do_test indexedby-3.7 {
  catchsql { SELECT * FROM t1 INDEXED BY i1 ORDER BY a }
} {0 {}}

do_execsql_test indexedby-3.8 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN 
  SELECT * FROM t3 INDEXED BY sqlite_autoindex_t3_1 ORDER BY e 
} {0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t3 USING INDEX sqlite_autoindex_t3_1}}
do_execsql_test indexedby-3.9 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN 
  SELECT * FROM t3 INDEXED BY sqlite_autoindex_t3_1 WHERE e = 10 
} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t3 USING INDEX sqlite_autoindex_t3_1 (e=?)}}
do_test indexedby-3.10 {
  catchsql { SELECT * FROM t3 INDEXED BY sqlite_autoindex_t3_1 WHERE f = 10 }
} {1 {no query solution}}
do_test indexedby-3.11 {
  catchsql { SELECT * FROM t3 INDEXED BY sqlite_autoindex_t3_2 WHERE f = 10 }
} {1 {no such index: sqlite_autoindex_t3_2}}

# Tests for multiple table cases.
#
do_execsql_test indexedby-4.1 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t1, t2 WHERE a = c 
} {

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1} 
  0 1 1 {SEARCH TABLE t2 USING INDEX i3 (c=?)}
}
do_execsql_test indexedby-4.2 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t1 INDEXED BY i1, t2 WHERE a = c 
} {

  0 0 1 {SCAN TABLE t2} 
  0 1 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i1 (a=?)}
}
do_test indexedby-4.3 {
  catchsql {
    SELECT * FROM t1 INDEXED BY i1, t2 INDEXED BY i3 WHERE a=c
  }
} {1 {no query solution}}
do_test indexedby-4.4 {
................................................................................
# Test embedding an INDEXED BY in a CREATE VIEW statement. This block
# also tests that nothing bad happens if an index refered to by
# a CREATE VIEW statement is dropped and recreated.
#
do_execsql_test indexedby-5.1 {
  CREATE VIEW v2 AS SELECT * FROM t1 INDEXED BY i1 WHERE a > 5;
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM v2 
} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i1 (a>?)}}
do_execsql_test indexedby-5.2 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM v2 WHERE b = 10 
} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i1 (a>?)}}
do_test indexedby-5.3 {
  execsql { DROP INDEX i1 }
  catchsql { SELECT * FROM v2 }
} {1 {no such index: i1}}
do_test indexedby-5.4 {
  # Recreate index i1 in such a way as it cannot be used by the view query.
  execsql { CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(b) }
................................................................................
  # be used by the query.
  execsql { DROP INDEX i1 ; CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(a) }
  catchsql { SELECT * FROM v2 }
} {0 {}}

# Test that "NOT INDEXED" may use the rowid index, but not others.
# 
do_execsql_test indexedby-6.1 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE b = 10 ORDER BY rowid 
} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i2 (b=?)}}
do_execsql_test indexedby-6.2 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t1 NOT INDEXED WHERE b = 10 ORDER BY rowid 
} {0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1}}

# EVIDENCE-OF: R-40297-14464 The INDEXED BY phrase forces the SQLite
# query planner to use a particular named index on a DELETE, SELECT, or
# UPDATE statement.
#
# Test that "INDEXED BY" can be used in a DELETE statement.
# 
do_execsql_test indexedby-7.1 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN DELETE FROM t1 WHERE a = 5 
} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i1 (a=?)}}
do_execsql_test indexedby-7.2 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN DELETE FROM t1 NOT INDEXED WHERE a = 5 
} {0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1}}
do_execsql_test indexedby-7.3 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN DELETE FROM t1 INDEXED BY i1 WHERE a = 5 
} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i1 (a=?)}}
do_execsql_test indexedby-7.4 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN DELETE FROM t1 INDEXED BY i1 WHERE a = 5 AND b = 10
} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i1 (a=?)}}
do_execsql_test indexedby-7.5 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN DELETE FROM t1 INDEXED BY i2 WHERE a = 5 AND b = 10
} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i2 (b=?)}}
do_test indexedby-7.6 {
  catchsql { DELETE FROM t1 INDEXED BY i2 WHERE a = 5}
} {1 {no query solution}}

# Test that "INDEXED BY" can be used in an UPDATE statement.
# 
do_execsql_test indexedby-8.1 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN UPDATE t1 SET rowid=rowid+1 WHERE a = 5 
} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i1 (a=?)}}
do_execsql_test indexedby-8.2 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN UPDATE t1 NOT INDEXED SET rowid=rowid+1 WHERE a = 5 
} {0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1}}
do_execsql_test indexedby-8.3 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN UPDATE t1 INDEXED BY i1 SET rowid=rowid+1 WHERE a = 5 
} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i1 (a=?)}}
do_execsql_test indexedby-8.4 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN 
  UPDATE t1 INDEXED BY i1 SET rowid=rowid+1 WHERE a = 5 AND b = 10
} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i1 (a=?)}}
do_execsql_test indexedby-8.5 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN 
  UPDATE t1 INDEXED BY i2 SET rowid=rowid+1 WHERE a = 5 AND b = 10
} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i2 (b=?)}}
do_test indexedby-8.6 {
  catchsql { UPDATE t1 INDEXED BY i2 SET rowid=rowid+1 WHERE a = 5}
} {1 {no query solution}}

# Test that bug #3560 is fixed.
#
do_test indexedby-9.1 {
................................................................................
  SELECT a,b,rowid FROM x1 INDEXED BY x1i WHERE a=1 AND b=1 AND rowid='3';
} {1 1 3}
do_execsql_test 11.4 {
  SELECT a,b,rowid FROM x1 INDEXED BY x1i WHERE a=1 AND b=1 AND rowid='3.0';
} {1 1 3}
do_eqp_test 11.5 {
  SELECT a,b,rowid FROM x1 INDEXED BY x1i WHERE a=1 AND b=1 AND rowid='3.0';
} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE x1 USING COVERING INDEX x1i (a=? AND b=? AND rowid=?)}}

do_execsql_test 11.6 {
  CREATE TABLE x2(c INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, a, b TEXT);
  CREATE INDEX x2i ON x2(a, b);
  INSERT INTO x2 VALUES(1, 1, 1);
  INSERT INTO x2 VALUES(2, 1, 1);
  INSERT INTO x2 VALUES(3, 1, 1);
................................................................................
  SELECT a,b,c FROM x2 INDEXED BY x2i WHERE a=1 AND b=1 AND c='3';
} {1 1 3}
do_execsql_test 11.9 {
  SELECT a,b,c FROM x2 INDEXED BY x2i WHERE a=1 AND b=1 AND c='3.0';
} {1 1 3}
do_eqp_test 11.10 {
  SELECT a,b,c FROM x2 INDEXED BY x2i WHERE a=1 AND b=1 AND c='3.0';
} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE x2 USING COVERING INDEX x2i (a=? AND b=? AND rowid=?)}}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Check INDEXED BY works (throws an exception) with partial indexes that 
# cannot be used.
do_execsql_test 12.1 {
  CREATE TABLE o1(x INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, y, z);
  CREATE INDEX p1 ON o1(z);







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#
proc EQP {sql} {
  uplevel "execsql {EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN $sql}"
}

# These tests are to check that "EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN" is working as expected.
#
do_eqp_test indexedby-1.2 {
  select * from t1 WHERE a = 10; 
} {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i1 (a=?)}
do_eqp_test indexedby-1.3 {
  select * from t1 ; 
} {SCAN TABLE t1}
do_eqp_test indexedby-1.4 {
  select * from t1, t2 WHERE c = 10; 
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SEARCH TABLE t2 USING INDEX i3 (c=?)
  `--SCAN TABLE t1
}

# Parser tests. Test that an INDEXED BY or NOT INDEX clause can be 
# attached to a table in the FROM clause, but not to a sub-select or
# SQL view. Also test that specifying an index that does not exist or
# is attached to a different table is detected as an error.
#
# X-EVIDENCE-OF: R-07004-11522 -- syntax diagram qualified-table-name
# 
# EVIDENCE-OF: R-58230-57098 The "INDEXED BY index-name" phrase
# specifies that the named index must be used in order to look up values
# on the preceding table.
#
do_test indexedby-2.1 {
  execsql { SELECT * FROM t1 NOT INDEXED WHERE a = 'one' AND b = 'two'}
................................................................................
#
# EVIDENCE-OF: R-37002-28871 The "NOT INDEXED" clause specifies that no
# index shall be used when accessing the preceding table, including
# implied indices create by UNIQUE and PRIMARY KEY constraints. However,
# the rowid can still be used to look up entries even when "NOT INDEXED"
# is specified.
#
do_eqp_test indexedby-3.1 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a = 'one' AND b = 'two'
} {/SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX/}
do_eqp_test indexedby-3.1.1 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 NOT INDEXED WHERE a = 'one' AND b = 'two'
} {SCAN TABLE t1}
do_eqp_test indexedby-3.1.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 NOT INDEXED WHERE rowid=1
} {/SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY .rowid=/}


do_eqp_test indexedby-3.2 {

  SELECT * FROM t1 INDEXED BY i1 WHERE a = 'one' AND b = 'two'
} {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i1 (a=?)}
do_eqp_test indexedby-3.3 {

  SELECT * FROM t1 INDEXED BY i2 WHERE a = 'one' AND b = 'two'
} {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i2 (b=?)}
do_test indexedby-3.4 {
  catchsql { SELECT * FROM t1 INDEXED BY i2 WHERE a = 'one' }
} {1 {no query solution}}
do_test indexedby-3.5 {
  catchsql { SELECT * FROM t1 INDEXED BY i2 ORDER BY a }
} {1 {no query solution}}
do_test indexedby-3.6 {
  catchsql { SELECT * FROM t1 INDEXED BY i1 WHERE a = 'one' }
} {0 {}}
do_test indexedby-3.7 {
  catchsql { SELECT * FROM t1 INDEXED BY i1 ORDER BY a }
} {0 {}}

do_eqp_test indexedby-3.8 {

  SELECT * FROM t3 INDEXED BY sqlite_autoindex_t3_1 ORDER BY e 
} {SCAN TABLE t3 USING INDEX sqlite_autoindex_t3_1}
do_eqp_test indexedby-3.9 {

  SELECT * FROM t3 INDEXED BY sqlite_autoindex_t3_1 WHERE e = 10 
} {SEARCH TABLE t3 USING INDEX sqlite_autoindex_t3_1 (e=?)}
do_test indexedby-3.10 {
  catchsql { SELECT * FROM t3 INDEXED BY sqlite_autoindex_t3_1 WHERE f = 10 }
} {1 {no query solution}}
do_test indexedby-3.11 {
  catchsql { SELECT * FROM t3 INDEXED BY sqlite_autoindex_t3_2 WHERE f = 10 }
} {1 {no such index: sqlite_autoindex_t3_2}}

# Tests for multiple table cases.
#
do_eqp_test indexedby-4.1 {
  SELECT * FROM t1, t2 WHERE a = c 
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE t1
  `--SEARCH TABLE t2 USING INDEX i3 (c=?)
}
do_eqp_test indexedby-4.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 INDEXED BY i1, t2 WHERE a = c 
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE t2
  `--SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i1 (a=?)
}
do_test indexedby-4.3 {
  catchsql {
    SELECT * FROM t1 INDEXED BY i1, t2 INDEXED BY i3 WHERE a=c
  }
} {1 {no query solution}}
do_test indexedby-4.4 {
................................................................................
# Test embedding an INDEXED BY in a CREATE VIEW statement. This block
# also tests that nothing bad happens if an index refered to by
# a CREATE VIEW statement is dropped and recreated.
#
do_execsql_test indexedby-5.1 {
  CREATE VIEW v2 AS SELECT * FROM t1 INDEXED BY i1 WHERE a > 5;
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM v2 
} {/*SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i1 (a>?)*/}
do_execsql_test indexedby-5.2 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM v2 WHERE b = 10 
} {/*SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i1 (a>?)*/}
do_test indexedby-5.3 {
  execsql { DROP INDEX i1 }
  catchsql { SELECT * FROM v2 }
} {1 {no such index: i1}}
do_test indexedby-5.4 {
  # Recreate index i1 in such a way as it cannot be used by the view query.
  execsql { CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(b) }
................................................................................
  # be used by the query.
  execsql { DROP INDEX i1 ; CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(a) }
  catchsql { SELECT * FROM v2 }
} {0 {}}

# Test that "NOT INDEXED" may use the rowid index, but not others.
# 
do_eqp_test indexedby-6.1 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE b = 10 ORDER BY rowid 
} {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i2 (b=?)}
do_eqp_test indexedby-6.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 NOT INDEXED WHERE b = 10 ORDER BY rowid 
} {SCAN TABLE t1}

# EVIDENCE-OF: R-40297-14464 The INDEXED BY phrase forces the SQLite
# query planner to use a particular named index on a DELETE, SELECT, or
# UPDATE statement.
#
# Test that "INDEXED BY" can be used in a DELETE statement.
# 
do_eqp_test indexedby-7.1 {
  DELETE FROM t1 WHERE a = 5 
} {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i1 (a=?)}
do_eqp_test indexedby-7.2 {
  DELETE FROM t1 NOT INDEXED WHERE a = 5 
} {SCAN TABLE t1}
do_eqp_test indexedby-7.3 {
  DELETE FROM t1 INDEXED BY i1 WHERE a = 5 
} {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i1 (a=?)}
do_eqp_test indexedby-7.4 {
  DELETE FROM t1 INDEXED BY i1 WHERE a = 5 AND b = 10
} {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i1 (a=?)}
do_eqp_test indexedby-7.5 {
  DELETE FROM t1 INDEXED BY i2 WHERE a = 5 AND b = 10
} {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i2 (b=?)}
do_test indexedby-7.6 {
  catchsql { DELETE FROM t1 INDEXED BY i2 WHERE a = 5}
} {1 {no query solution}}

# Test that "INDEXED BY" can be used in an UPDATE statement.
# 
do_eqp_test indexedby-8.1 {
  UPDATE t1 SET rowid=rowid+1 WHERE a = 5 
} {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i1 (a=?)}
do_eqp_test indexedby-8.2 {
  UPDATE t1 NOT INDEXED SET rowid=rowid+1 WHERE a = 5 
} {SCAN TABLE t1}
do_eqp_test indexedby-8.3 {
  UPDATE t1 INDEXED BY i1 SET rowid=rowid+1 WHERE a = 5 
} {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i1 (a=?)}
do_eqp_test indexedby-8.4 {

  UPDATE t1 INDEXED BY i1 SET rowid=rowid+1 WHERE a = 5 AND b = 10
} {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i1 (a=?)}
do_eqp_test indexedby-8.5 {

  UPDATE t1 INDEXED BY i2 SET rowid=rowid+1 WHERE a = 5 AND b = 10
} {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i2 (b=?)}
do_test indexedby-8.6 {
  catchsql { UPDATE t1 INDEXED BY i2 SET rowid=rowid+1 WHERE a = 5}
} {1 {no query solution}}

# Test that bug #3560 is fixed.
#
do_test indexedby-9.1 {
................................................................................
  SELECT a,b,rowid FROM x1 INDEXED BY x1i WHERE a=1 AND b=1 AND rowid='3';
} {1 1 3}
do_execsql_test 11.4 {
  SELECT a,b,rowid FROM x1 INDEXED BY x1i WHERE a=1 AND b=1 AND rowid='3.0';
} {1 1 3}
do_eqp_test 11.5 {
  SELECT a,b,rowid FROM x1 INDEXED BY x1i WHERE a=1 AND b=1 AND rowid='3.0';
} {SEARCH TABLE x1 USING COVERING INDEX x1i (a=? AND b=? AND rowid=?)}

do_execsql_test 11.6 {
  CREATE TABLE x2(c INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, a, b TEXT);
  CREATE INDEX x2i ON x2(a, b);
  INSERT INTO x2 VALUES(1, 1, 1);
  INSERT INTO x2 VALUES(2, 1, 1);
  INSERT INTO x2 VALUES(3, 1, 1);
................................................................................
  SELECT a,b,c FROM x2 INDEXED BY x2i WHERE a=1 AND b=1 AND c='3';
} {1 1 3}
do_execsql_test 11.9 {
  SELECT a,b,c FROM x2 INDEXED BY x2i WHERE a=1 AND b=1 AND c='3.0';
} {1 1 3}
do_eqp_test 11.10 {
  SELECT a,b,c FROM x2 INDEXED BY x2i WHERE a=1 AND b=1 AND c='3.0';
} {SEARCH TABLE x2 USING COVERING INDEX x2i (a=? AND b=? AND rowid=?)}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Check INDEXED BY works (throws an exception) with partial indexes that 
# cannot be used.
do_execsql_test 12.1 {
  CREATE TABLE o1(x INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, y, z);
  CREATE INDEX p1 ON o1(z);

Changes to test/indexexpr2.test.

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ifcapable json1 {
  do_eqp_test 3.3.1 {
    SELECT json_extract(x, '$.b') FROM t2 
    WHERE json_extract(x, '$.b') IS NOT NULL AND json_extract(x, '$.a') IS NULL 
    GROUP BY json_extract(x, '$.b') COLLATE nocase
    ORDER BY json_extract(x, '$.b') COLLATE nocase;
  } {

    0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2} 
    0 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR GROUP BY}
  }
  
  do_execsql_test 3.3.2 {
    CREATE INDEX i3 ON t3(json_extract(x, '$.a'), json_extract(x, '$.b'));
  } {}
  
  do_eqp_test 3.3.3 {
    SELECT json_extract(x, '$.b') FROM t3 
    WHERE json_extract(x, '$.b') IS NOT NULL AND json_extract(x, '$.a') IS NULL 
    GROUP BY json_extract(x, '$.b') COLLATE nocase
    ORDER BY json_extract(x, '$.b') COLLATE nocase;
  } {

    0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t3 USING INDEX i3 (<expr>=?)} 
    0 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR GROUP BY}
  }
}

do_execsql_test 3.4.0 {
  CREATE TABLE t4(a, b);
  INSERT INTO t4 VALUES('.ABC', 1);
  INSERT INTO t4 VALUES('.abc', 2);
  INSERT INTO t4 VALUES('.ABC', 3);







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ifcapable json1 {
  do_eqp_test 3.3.1 {
    SELECT json_extract(x, '$.b') FROM t2 
    WHERE json_extract(x, '$.b') IS NOT NULL AND json_extract(x, '$.a') IS NULL 
    GROUP BY json_extract(x, '$.b') COLLATE nocase
    ORDER BY json_extract(x, '$.b') COLLATE nocase;
  } [string map {"\n  " \n} {
    QUERY PLAN
    |--SCAN TABLE t2
    `--USE TEMP B-TREE FOR GROUP BY
  }]
  
  do_execsql_test 3.3.2 {
    CREATE INDEX i3 ON t3(json_extract(x, '$.a'), json_extract(x, '$.b'));
  } {}
  
  do_eqp_test 3.3.3 {
    SELECT json_extract(x, '$.b') FROM t3 
    WHERE json_extract(x, '$.b') IS NOT NULL AND json_extract(x, '$.a') IS NULL 
    GROUP BY json_extract(x, '$.b') COLLATE nocase
    ORDER BY json_extract(x, '$.b') COLLATE nocase;
  } [string map {"\n  " \n} {
    QUERY PLAN
    |--SEARCH TABLE t3 USING INDEX i3 (<expr>=?)
    `--USE TEMP B-TREE FOR GROUP BY
  }]
}

do_execsql_test 3.4.0 {
  CREATE TABLE t4(a, b);
  INSERT INTO t4 VALUES('.ABC', 1);
  INSERT INTO t4 VALUES('.abc', 2);
  INSERT INTO t4 VALUES('.ABC', 3);

Changes to test/istrue.test.

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    SELECT x IS TRUE FROM t1;
  } [expr {$tn in [list 5 6] ? {1} : {0}}]
  do_execsql_test istrue-600.$tn.4 {
    SELECT x IS FALSE FROM t1;
  } {0}
}
















finish_test







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    SELECT x IS TRUE FROM t1;
  } [expr {$tn in [list 5 6] ? {1} : {0}}]
  do_execsql_test istrue-600.$tn.4 {
    SELECT x IS FALSE FROM t1;
  } {0}
}

do_execsql_test istrue-700 {
  CREATE TABLE t7(
    a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY,
    b BOOLEAN DEFAULT false,
    c BOOLEAN DEFAULT true
  );
  INSERT INTO t7(a) VALUES(1);
  INSERT INTO t7(a,b,c) VALUES(2,true,false);
  ALTER TABLE t7 ADD COLUMN d BOOLEAN DEFAULT false;
  ALTER TABLE t7 ADD COLUMN e BOOLEAN DEFAULT true;
  INSERT INTO t7(a,b,c) VALUES(3,true,false);
  INSERT INTO t7 VALUES(4,false,true,true,false);
  SELECT *,'x' FROM t7 ORDER BY a;
} {1 0 1 0 1 x 2 1 0 0 1 x 3 1 0 0 1 x 4 0 1 1 0 x}

finish_test

Changes to test/join2.test.

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  CREATE TABLE t3_1(k3 PRIMARY KEY, v3) WITHOUT ROWID;
  CREATE TABLE t3_2(v3, k3 PRIMARY KEY) WITHOUT ROWID;
}

do_eqp_test 3.1 {
  SELECT v2 FROM t1 LEFT JOIN t2 USING (k2) LEFT JOIN t3_1 USING (k3);
} {

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1} 
  0 1 1 {SEARCH TABLE t2 USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?)}
}

do_eqp_test 3.2 {
  SELECT v2 FROM t1 LEFT JOIN t2 USING (k2) LEFT JOIN t3_2 USING (k3);
} {

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1} 
  0 1 1 {SEARCH TABLE t2 USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?)}
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Test that tables other than the rightmost can be omitted from a
# LEFT JOIN query.
#
do_execsql_test 4.0 {
................................................................................
do_execsql_test 4.1.4 {
  SELECT v1, v3 FROM c1 LEFT JOIN c2 LEFT JOIN c3 ON (c3.k=v1+1);
} {2 v3 2 v3 1112 {} 1112 {}}

do_eqp_test 4.1.5 {
  SELECT v1, v3 FROM c1 LEFT JOIN c2 ON (c2.k=v1) LEFT JOIN c3 ON (c3.k=v2);
} {

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE c1} 
  0 1 1 {SEARCH TABLE c2 USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?)}
  0 2 2 {SEARCH TABLE c3 USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?)}
}
do_eqp_test 4.1.6 {
  SELECT v1, v3 FROM c1 LEFT JOIN c2 ON (c2.k=v1) LEFT JOIN c3 ON (c3.k=v1+1);
} {

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE c1} 
  0 1 2 {SEARCH TABLE c3 USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?)}
}

do_execsql_test 4.2.0 {
  DROP TABLE c1;
  DROP TABLE c2;
  DROP TABLE c3;
  CREATE TABLE c1(k UNIQUE, v1);
................................................................................
do_execsql_test 4.2.4 {
  SELECT v1, v3 FROM c1 LEFT JOIN c2 LEFT JOIN c3 ON (c3.k=v1+1);
} {2 v3 2 v3 1112 {} 1112 {}}

do_eqp_test 4.2.5 {
  SELECT v1, v3 FROM c1 LEFT JOIN c2 ON (c2.k=v1) LEFT JOIN c3 ON (c3.k=v2);
} {

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE c1} 
  0 1 1 {SEARCH TABLE c2 USING INDEX sqlite_autoindex_c2_1 (k=?)}
  0 2 2 {SEARCH TABLE c3 USING INDEX sqlite_autoindex_c3_1 (k=?)}
}
do_eqp_test 4.2.6 {
  SELECT v1, v3 FROM c1 LEFT JOIN c2 ON (c2.k=v1) LEFT JOIN c3 ON (c3.k=v1+1);
} {

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE c1} 
  0 1 2 {SEARCH TABLE c3 USING INDEX sqlite_autoindex_c3_1 (k=?)}
}

# 2017-11-23 (Thanksgiving day)
# OSSFuzz found an assertion fault in the new LEFT JOIN eliminator code.
#
do_execsql_test 4.3.0 {
  DROP TABLE IF EXISTS t1;
................................................................................
  CREATE TABLE s1 (a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY);
  CREATE TABLE s2 (a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY);
  CREATE TABLE s3 (a INTEGER);
  CREATE UNIQUE INDEX ndx on s3(a);
}
do_eqp_test 5.1 {
  SELECT s1.a FROM s1 left join s2 using (a);
} {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE s1}
}
do_eqp_test 5.2 {
  SELECT s1.a FROM s1 left join s3 using (a);
} {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE s1}
}

do_execsql_test 6.0 {
  CREATE TABLE u1(a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, b, c);
  CREATE TABLE u2(a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, b, c);
  CREATE INDEX u1ab ON u1(b, c);
}
do_eqp_test 6.1 {
  SELECT u2.* FROM u2 LEFT JOIN u1 ON( u1.a=u2.a AND u1.b=u2.b AND u1.c=u2.c );
} {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE u2}
}

db close
sqlite3 db :memory:
do_execsql_test 7.0 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(a,b);  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1,2),(3,4),(5,6);
  CREATE TABLE t2(c,d);  INSERT INTO t2 VALUES(2,4),(3,6);
  CREATE TABLE t3(x);    INSERT INTO t3 VALUES(9);







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  CREATE TABLE t3_1(k3 PRIMARY KEY, v3) WITHOUT ROWID;
  CREATE TABLE t3_2(v3, k3 PRIMARY KEY) WITHOUT ROWID;
}

do_eqp_test 3.1 {
  SELECT v2 FROM t1 LEFT JOIN t2 USING (k2) LEFT JOIN t3_1 USING (k3);
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE t1
  `--SEARCH TABLE t2 USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?)
}

do_eqp_test 3.2 {
  SELECT v2 FROM t1 LEFT JOIN t2 USING (k2) LEFT JOIN t3_2 USING (k3);
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE t1
  `--SEARCH TABLE t2 USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?)
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Test that tables other than the rightmost can be omitted from a
# LEFT JOIN query.
#
do_execsql_test 4.0 {
................................................................................
do_execsql_test 4.1.4 {
  SELECT v1, v3 FROM c1 LEFT JOIN c2 LEFT JOIN c3 ON (c3.k=v1+1);
} {2 v3 2 v3 1112 {} 1112 {}}

do_eqp_test 4.1.5 {
  SELECT v1, v3 FROM c1 LEFT JOIN c2 ON (c2.k=v1) LEFT JOIN c3 ON (c3.k=v2);
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE c1
  |--SEARCH TABLE c2 USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?)
  `--SEARCH TABLE c3 USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?)
}
do_eqp_test 4.1.6 {
  SELECT v1, v3 FROM c1 LEFT JOIN c2 ON (c2.k=v1) LEFT JOIN c3 ON (c3.k=v1+1);
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE c1
  `--SEARCH TABLE c3 USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?)
}

do_execsql_test 4.2.0 {
  DROP TABLE c1;
  DROP TABLE c2;
  DROP TABLE c3;
  CREATE TABLE c1(k UNIQUE, v1);
................................................................................
do_execsql_test 4.2.4 {
  SELECT v1, v3 FROM c1 LEFT JOIN c2 LEFT JOIN c3 ON (c3.k=v1+1);
} {2 v3 2 v3 1112 {} 1112 {}}

do_eqp_test 4.2.5 {
  SELECT v1, v3 FROM c1 LEFT JOIN c2 ON (c2.k=v1) LEFT JOIN c3 ON (c3.k=v2);
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE c1
  |--SEARCH TABLE c2 USING INDEX sqlite_autoindex_c2_1 (k=?)
  `--SEARCH TABLE c3 USING INDEX sqlite_autoindex_c3_1 (k=?)
}
do_eqp_test 4.2.6 {
  SELECT v1, v3 FROM c1 LEFT JOIN c2 ON (c2.k=v1) LEFT JOIN c3 ON (c3.k=v1+1);
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE c1
  `--SEARCH TABLE c3 USING INDEX sqlite_autoindex_c3_1 (k=?)
}

# 2017-11-23 (Thanksgiving day)
# OSSFuzz found an assertion fault in the new LEFT JOIN eliminator code.
#
do_execsql_test 4.3.0 {
  DROP TABLE IF EXISTS t1;
................................................................................
  CREATE TABLE s1 (a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY);
  CREATE TABLE s2 (a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY);
  CREATE TABLE s3 (a INTEGER);
  CREATE UNIQUE INDEX ndx on s3(a);
}
do_eqp_test 5.1 {
  SELECT s1.a FROM s1 left join s2 using (a);

} {SCAN TABLE s1}

do_eqp_test 5.2 {
  SELECT s1.a FROM s1 left join s3 using (a);

} {SCAN TABLE s1}


do_execsql_test 6.0 {
  CREATE TABLE u1(a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, b, c);
  CREATE TABLE u2(a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, b, c);
  CREATE INDEX u1ab ON u1(b, c);
}
do_eqp_test 6.1 {
  SELECT u2.* FROM u2 LEFT JOIN u1 ON( u1.a=u2.a AND u1.b=u2.b AND u1.c=u2.c );

} {SCAN TABLE u2}


db close
sqlite3 db :memory:
do_execsql_test 7.0 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(a,b);  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1,2),(3,4),(5,6);
  CREATE TABLE t2(c,d);  INSERT INTO t2 VALUES(2,4),(3,6);
  CREATE TABLE t3(x);    INSERT INTO t3 VALUES(9);

Changes to test/join5.test.

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do_execsql_test 5.4 {
  SELECT count(z) FROM ( SELECT * FROM y1 ) LEFT JOIN y2 ON x
} 1

do_execsql_test 5.5 {
  SELECT * FROM ( SELECT * FROM y1 ) LEFT JOIN y2 ON x
} {0 0 1 {}}

















































































finish_test








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do_execsql_test 5.4 {
  SELECT count(z) FROM ( SELECT * FROM y1 ) LEFT JOIN y2 ON x
} 1

do_execsql_test 5.5 {
  SELECT * FROM ( SELECT * FROM y1 ) LEFT JOIN y2 ON x
} {0 0 1 {}}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
reset_db
do_execsql_test 6.1 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(x); 
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1);

  CREATE TABLE t2(y INTEGER PRIMARY KEY,a,b);
  INSERT INTO t2 VALUES(1,2,3);
  CREATE INDEX t2a ON t2(a); 
  CREATE INDEX t2b ON t2(b); 
}

do_execsql_test 6.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 LEFT JOIN t2 ON a=2 OR b=3 WHERE y IS NULL;
} {}

do_execsql_test 6.3.1 {
  CREATE TABLE t3(x);
  INSERT INTO t3 VALUES(1);
  CREATE TABLE t4(y, z);
  SELECT ifnull(z, '!!!') FROM t3 LEFT JOIN t4 ON (x=y);
} {!!!}

do_execsql_test 6.3.2 {
  CREATE INDEX t4i ON t4(y, ifnull(z, '!!!'));
  SELECT ifnull(z, '!!!') FROM t3 LEFT JOIN t4 ON (x=y);
} {!!!}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
reset_db
do_execsql_test 7.0 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(x);
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1);
}

do_execsql_test 7.1 {
  CREATE TABLE t2(x, y, z);
  CREATE INDEX t2xy ON t2(x, y);
  WITH s(i) AS (
    SELECT 1 UNION ALL SELECT i+1 FROM s WHERE i<50000
  )
  INSERT INTO t2 SELECT i/10, i, NULL FROM s;
  ANALYZE;
}

do_eqp_test 7.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 LEFT JOIN t2 ON (
    t2.x = t1.x AND (t2.y=? OR (t2.y=? AND t2.z IS NOT NULL))
  );
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE t1
  `--MULTI-INDEX OR
     |--SEARCH TABLE t2 USING INDEX t2xy (x=? AND y=?)
     `--SEARCH TABLE t2 USING INDEX t2xy (x=? AND y=?)
}

do_execsql_test 7.3 {
  CREATE TABLE t3(x);

  CREATE TABLE t4(x, y, z);
  CREATE INDEX t4xy ON t4(x, y);
  CREATE INDEX t4xz ON t4(x, z);

  WITH s(i) AS ( SELECT 1 UNION ALL SELECT i+1 FROM s WHERE i<50000)
  INSERT INTO t4 SELECT i/10, i, i FROM s;

  ANALYZE;
}

do_eqp_test 7.4 {
  SELECT * FROM t3 LEFT JOIN t4 ON (t4.x = t3.x) WHERE (t4.y = ? OR t4.z = ?);
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE t3
  `--SEARCH TABLE t4 USING INDEX t4xz (x=?)
} 

finish_test

Changes to test/mallocK.test.

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  SELECT 'x' > '.';
} {1}

ifcapable stat4 {
  do_eqp_test 6.1 {
    SELECT DISTINCT c FROM t3 WHERE b BETWEEN '.xx..' AND '.xxxx';
  } {

    0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t3 USING INDEX i3 (ANY(a) AND b>? AND b<?)} 
    0 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR DISTINCT}
  }
}

do_faultsim_test 6 -faults oom* -body {
  db cache flush
  db eval { SELECT DISTINCT c FROM t3 WHERE b BETWEEN '.xx..' AND '.xxxx' }
} -test {
  faultsim_test_result {0 {12 13 14 15}} 







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  SELECT 'x' > '.';
} {1}

ifcapable stat4 {
  do_eqp_test 6.1 {
    SELECT DISTINCT c FROM t3 WHERE b BETWEEN '.xx..' AND '.xxxx';
  } [string map {"\n  " \n} {
    QUERY PLAN
    |--SEARCH TABLE t3 USING INDEX i3 (ANY(a) AND b>? AND b<?)
    `--USE TEMP B-TREE FOR DISTINCT
  }]
}

do_faultsim_test 6 -faults oom* -body {
  db cache flush
  db eval { SELECT DISTINCT c FROM t3 WHERE b BETWEEN '.xx..' AND '.xxxx' }
} -test {
  faultsim_test_result {0 {12 13 14 15}} 

Changes to test/orderby1.test.

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    SELECT b, y FROM t41 CROSS JOIN t42 ON x=a ORDER BY b, y;
  }
} {1 13 1 14 1 15 1 16}

# No sorting of queries that omit the FROM clause.
#
do_execsql_test 5.0 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT 5 ORDER BY 1
} {}



do_execsql_test 5.1 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT 5 UNION ALL SELECT 3 ORDER BY 1
} {~/B-TREE/}
do_execsql_test 5.2 {
  SELECT 5 UNION ALL SELECT 3 ORDER BY 1
} {3 5}
do_execsql_test 5.3 {
................................................................................
  CREATE TABLE t1(a, b);
  CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(a);
}

do_eqp_test 8.1 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 ORDER BY a, b;
} {

  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 USING INDEX i1} 
  0 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR RIGHT PART OF ORDER BY}
}

do_execsql_test 8.2 {
  WITH cnt(i) AS (
    SELECT 1 UNION ALL SELECT i+1 FROM cnt WHERE i<10000
  )
  INSERT INTO t1 SELECT i%2, randomblob(500) FROM cnt;







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    SELECT b, y FROM t41 CROSS JOIN t42 ON x=a ORDER BY b, y;
  }
} {1 13 1 14 1 15 1 16}

# No sorting of queries that omit the FROM clause.
#
do_eqp_test 5.0 {
  SELECT 5 ORDER BY 1
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  `--SCAN CONSTANT ROW
}
do_execsql_test 5.1 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT 5 UNION ALL SELECT 3 ORDER BY 1
} {~/B-TREE/}
do_execsql_test 5.2 {
  SELECT 5 UNION ALL SELECT 3 ORDER BY 1
} {3 5}
do_execsql_test 5.3 {
................................................................................
  CREATE TABLE t1(a, b);
  CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(a);
}

do_eqp_test 8.1 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 ORDER BY a, b;
} {
  QUERY PLAN
  |--SCAN TABLE t1 USING INDEX i1
  `--USE TEMP B-TREE FOR RIGHT PART OF ORDER BY
}

do_execsql_test 8.2 {
  WITH cnt(i) AS (
    SELECT 1 UNION ALL SELECT i+1 FROM cnt WHERE i<10000
  )
  INSERT INTO t1 SELECT i%2, randomblob(500) FROM cnt;

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} -dbconfig {
  $::dbhandle version -use-legacy-prepare 1
  #$::dbhandle cache size 0
} -files [
  test_set $allquicktests -exclude *malloc* *ioerr* *fault* \
      stmtvtab1.test index9.test
]





















# End of tests
#############################################################################

# run_tests NAME OPTIONS
#
# where available options are:  







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} -dbconfig {
  $::dbhandle version -use-legacy-prepare 1
  #$::dbhandle cache size 0
} -files [
  test_set $allquicktests -exclude *malloc* *ioerr* *fault* \
      stmtvtab1.test index9.test
]

test_suite "sorterref" -prefix "" -description {
  Run the "veryquick" test suite with SQLITE_CONFIG_SORTERREF_SIZE set
  to 0 so that sorter-references are used whenever possible.
} -files [
  test_set $allquicktests -exclude *malloc* *ioerr* *fault* *bigfile* *_err* \
      *fts5corrupt* *fts5big* *fts5aj*
] -initialize {
  catch {db close}
  sqlite3_shutdown
  sqlite3_config_sorterref 0
  sqlite3_initialize
  autoinstall_test_functions
} -shutdown {
  catch {db close}
  sqlite3_shutdown
  sqlite3_config_sorterref -1
  sqlite3_initialize
  autoinstall_test_functions
}

# End of tests
#############################################################################

# run_tests NAME OPTIONS
#
# where available options are:  

Added test/resetdb.test.





















































































































































































































































































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# 2018-04-28
#
# The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
# a legal notice, here is a blessing:
#
#    May you do good and not evil.
#    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
#    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
#
#***********************************************************************
# Test cases for SQLITE_DBCONFIG_RESET_DATABASE
#

set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl
set testprefix resetdb

ifcapable !vtab||!compound {
  finish_test
  return
}

# Create a sample database
do_execsql_test 100 {
  PRAGMA page_size=4096;
  CREATE TABLE t1(a,b);
  WITH RECURSIVE c(x) AS (VALUES(1) UNION ALL SELECT x+1 FROM c WHERE x<20)
    INSERT INTO t1(a,b) SELECT x, randomblob(300) FROM c;
  CREATE INDEX t1a ON t1(a);
  CREATE INDEX t1b ON t1(b);
  SELECT sum(a), sum(length(b)) FROM t1;
  PRAGMA integrity_check;
  PRAGMA journal_mode;
  PRAGMA page_count;
} {210 6000 ok delete 8}

# Verify that the same content is seen from a separate database connection
sqlite3 db2 test.db
do_test 110 {
  execsql {
    SELECT sum(a), sum(length(b)) FROM t1;
    PRAGMA integrity_check;
    PRAGMA journal_mode;
    PRAGMA page_count;
  } db2
} {210 6000 ok delete 8}

do_test 200 {
  # Thoroughly corrupt the database file by overwriting the first
  # page with randomness.
  catchsql {
    UPDATE sqlite_dbpage SET data=randomblob(4096) WHERE pgno=1;
    PRAGMA quick_check;
  }
} {1 {unsupported file format}}
do_test 201 {
  catchsql {
    PRAGMA quick_check;
  } db2
} {1 {unsupported file format}}

do_test 210 {
  # Reset the database file using SQLITE_DBCONFIG_RESET_DATABASE
  sqlite3_db_config db RESET_DB 1
  db eval VACUUM
  sqlite3_db_config db RESET_DB 0

  # Verify that the reset took, even on the separate database connection
  catchsql {
     PRAGMA page_count;
     PRAGMA page_size;
     PRAGMA quick_check;
     PRAGMA journal_mode;
  } db2
} {0 {1 4096 ok delete}}

# Delete the old connections and database and start over again
# with a different page size and in WAL mode.
#
db close
db2 close
forcedelete test.db
sqlite3 db test.db
do_execsql_test 300 {
  PRAGMA page_size=8192;
  PRAGMA journal_mode=WAL;
  CREATE TABLE t1(a,b);
  WITH RECURSIVE c(x) AS (VALUES(1) UNION ALL SELECT x+1 FROM c WHERE x<20)
    INSERT INTO t1(a,b) SELECT x, randomblob(1300) FROM c;
  CREATE INDEX t1a ON t1(a);
  CREATE INDEX t1b ON t1(b);
  SELECT sum(a), sum(length(b)) FROM t1;
  PRAGMA integrity_check;
  PRAGMA journal_mode;
  PRAGMA page_size;
  PRAGMA page_count;
} {wal 210 26000 ok wal 8192 12}
sqlite3 db2 test.db
do_test 310 {
  execsql {
    SELECT sum(a), sum(length(b)) FROM t1;
    PRAGMA integrity_check;
    PRAGMA journal_mode;
    PRAGMA page_size;
    PRAGMA page_count;
  } db2
} {210 26000 ok wal 8192 12}

# Corrupt the database again
do_catchsql_test 320 {
  UPDATE sqlite_dbpage SET data=randomblob(8192) WHERE pgno=1;
  PRAGMA quick_check
} {1 {file is not a database}}

do_test 330 {
  catchsql {
    PRAGMA quick_check
  } db2
} {1 {file is not a database}}

# Reset the database yet again.  Verify that the page size and
# journal mode are preserved.
#
do_test 400 {
  sqlite3_db_config db RESET_DB 1
  db eval VACUUM
  sqlite3_db_config db RESET_DB 0
  catchsql {
     PRAGMA page_count;
     PRAGMA page_size;
     PRAGMA journal_mode;
     PRAGMA quick_check;
  } db2
} {0 {1 8192 wal ok}}
db2 close


finish_test

Changes to test/rollback2.test.

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}

#--------------------------------------------------------------------
# Try with some index scans
#
do_eqp_test 3.1 {
  SELECT i FROM t1 WHERE (i%2)==0 ORDER BY h DESC;
} {0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 USING INDEX i1}}
do_rollback_test 3.2 -setup {
  BEGIN;
    DELETE FROM t1 WHERE (i%2)==1;
} -select {
  SELECT i FROM t1 WHERE (i%2)==0 ORDER BY h DESC;
} -result {
  40 38 36 34 32 30 28 26 24 22 20 18 16 14 12 10  8  6  4  2
................................................................................
# Now with some index scans that feature overflow keys.
#
set leader [string repeat "abcdefghij" 70]
do_execsql_test 4.1 { UPDATE t1 SET h = $leader || h; }

do_eqp_test 4.2 {
  SELECT i FROM t1 WHERE (i%2)==0 ORDER BY h ASC;
} {0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 USING INDEX i1}}
do_rollback_test 4.3 -setup {
  BEGIN;
    DELETE FROM t1 WHERE (i%2)==1;
} -select {
  SELECT i FROM t1 WHERE (i%2)==0 ORDER BY h ASC;
} -result {
  2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 30 32 34 36 38 40







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}

#--------------------------------------------------------------------
# Try with some index scans
#
do_eqp_test 3.1 {
  SELECT i FROM t1 WHERE (i%2)==0 ORDER BY h DESC;
} {SCAN TABLE t1 USING INDEX i1}
do_rollback_test 3.2 -setup {
  BEGIN;
    DELETE FROM t1 WHERE (i%2)==1;
} -select {
  SELECT i FROM t1 WHERE (i%2)==0 ORDER BY h DESC;
} -result {
  40 38 36 34 32 30 28 26 24 22 20 18 16 14 12 10  8  6  4  2
................................................................................
# Now with some index scans that feature overflow keys.
#
set leader [string repeat "abcdefghij" 70]
do_execsql_test 4.1 { UPDATE t1 SET h = $leader || h; }

do_eqp_test 4.2 {
  SELECT i FROM t1 WHERE (i%2)==0 ORDER BY h ASC;
} {SCAN TABLE t1 USING INDEX i1}
do_rollback_test 4.3 -setup {
  BEGIN;
    DELETE FROM t1 WHERE (i%2)==1;
} -select {
  SELECT i FROM t1 WHERE (i%2)==0 ORDER BY h ASC;
} -result {
  2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 30 32 34 36 38 40

Changes to test/rowvalue.test.

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  INSERT INTO xy VALUES(3, 3, 3);
  INSERT INTO xy VALUES(4, 4, 4);
}


foreach {tn sql res eqp} {
  1 "SELECT * FROM xy WHERE (i, j) IS (2, 2)" {2 2 2} 
    "0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE xy USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?)}"

  2 "SELECT * FROM xy WHERE (k, j) < (2, 3)" {1 1 1 2 2 2}
    "0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE xy}"

  3 "SELECT * FROM xy WHERE (i, j) < (2, 3)" {1 1 1 2 2 2}
    "0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE xy USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid<?)}"

  4 "SELECT * FROM xy WHERE (i, j) > (2, 1)" {2 2 2 3 3 3 4 4 4}
    "0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE xy USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid>?)