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Overview
Comment:Merge in the WITHOUT ROWID changes. A few tests are failing now. They will be fixed in a follow-on check-in.
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SHA1: 5addd1234ded59ce60fb633b76ac87d483377edd
User & Date: drh 2013-11-11 22:55:26
Context
2013-11-11
23:02
Fix two test cases (due to changes in the formatting of constraint errors) so that all tests now pass. check-in: 129e2b69 user: drh tags: sessions
22:55
Merge in the WITHOUT ROWID changes. A few tests are failing now. They will be fixed in a follow-on check-in. check-in: 5addd123 user: drh tags: sessions
19:56
Fix typos in compile and run-time tests of the sqlite library version number in rtree.c. check-in: f58d5701 user: dan tags: trunk
2013-10-28
22:47
Merge all trunk changes since 3.8.1 into the sessions branch. check-in: aa72ea8a user: drh tags: sessions
Changes
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Changes to Makefile.in.

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	echo "static const char *zMainloop = " >> $@
	$(NAWK) -f $(TOP)/tool/tostr.awk $(TOP)/tool/spaceanal.tcl >> $@
	echo "; return zMainloop; }" >> $@

sqlite3_analyzer$(TEXE): sqlite3_analyzer.c
	$(LTLINK) sqlite3_analyzer.c -o $@ $(LIBTCL) $(TLIBS)







# Standard install and cleanup targets
#
lib_install:	libsqlite3.la
	$(INSTALL) -d $(DESTDIR)$(libdir)
	$(LTINSTALL) libsqlite3.la $(DESTDIR)$(libdir)
	
install:	sqlite3$(BEXE) lib_install sqlite3.h sqlite3.pc ${HAVE_TCL:1=tcl_install}







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	echo "static const char *zMainloop = " >> $@
	$(NAWK) -f $(TOP)/tool/tostr.awk $(TOP)/tool/spaceanal.tcl >> $@
	echo "; return zMainloop; }" >> $@

sqlite3_analyzer$(TEXE): sqlite3_analyzer.c
	$(LTLINK) sqlite3_analyzer.c -o $@ $(LIBTCL) $(TLIBS)

showdb$(TEXE):	$(TOP)/tool/showdb.c sqlite3.c
	$(LTLINK) -o $@ $(TOP)/tool/showdb.c sqlite3.c $(TLIBS)

wordcount$(TEXE):	$(TOP)/test/wordcount.c sqlite3.c
	$(LTLINK) -o $@ $(TOP)/test/wordcount.c sqlite3.c $(TLIBS)

# Standard install and cleanup targets
#
lib_install:	libsqlite3.la
	$(INSTALL) -d $(DESTDIR)$(libdir)
	$(LTINSTALL) libsqlite3.la $(DESTDIR)$(libdir)
	
install:	sqlite3$(BEXE) lib_install sqlite3.h sqlite3.pc ${HAVE_TCL:1=tcl_install}

Changes to Makefile.msc.

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	echo static const char *zMainloop = >> $@
	$(NAWK) -f $(TOP)\tool\tostr.awk $(TOP)\tool\spaceanal.tcl >> $@
	echo ; return zMainloop; } >> $@

sqlite3_analyzer.exe:	sqlite3_analyzer.c $(LIBRESOBJS)
	$(LTLINK) -DBUILD_sqlite -DTCLSH=2 -I$(TCLINCDIR) sqlite3_analyzer.c \
		/link $(LTLINKOPTS) $(LTLIBPATHS) $(LIBRESOBJS) $(LTLIBS) $(TLIBS)









clean:
	del /Q *.lo *.ilk *.lib *.obj *.pdb sqlite3.exe libsqlite3.lib
	del /Q *.cod *.da *.bb *.bbg gmon.out
	del /Q sqlite3.h opcodes.c opcodes.h
	del /Q lemon.exe lempar.c parse.*
	del /Q mkkeywordhash.exe keywordhash.h







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	echo static const char *zMainloop = >> $@
	$(NAWK) -f $(TOP)\tool\tostr.awk $(TOP)\tool\spaceanal.tcl >> $@
	echo ; return zMainloop; } >> $@

sqlite3_analyzer.exe:	sqlite3_analyzer.c $(LIBRESOBJS)
	$(LTLINK) -DBUILD_sqlite -DTCLSH=2 -I$(TCLINCDIR) sqlite3_analyzer.c \
		/link $(LTLINKOPTS) $(LTLIBPATHS) $(LIBRESOBJS) $(LTLIBS) $(TLIBS)

showdb.exe:	$(TOP)/tool/showdb.c sqlite3.c
	$(LTLINK) -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 -DSQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION -o $@ \
		$(TOP)/tool/showdb.c sqlite3.c

wordcount.exe:	$(TOP)/test/wordcount.c sqlite3.c
	$(LTLINK) -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 -DSQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION -o $@ \
		$(TOP)/test/wordcount.c sqlite3.c

clean:
	del /Q *.lo *.ilk *.lib *.obj *.pdb sqlite3.exe libsqlite3.lib
	del /Q *.cod *.da *.bb *.bbg gmon.out
	del /Q sqlite3.h opcodes.c opcodes.h
	del /Q lemon.exe lempar.c parse.*
	del /Q mkkeywordhash.exe keywordhash.h

Changes to VERSION.

1
3.8.1
|
1
3.8.2

Changes to configure.

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#! /bin/sh
# Guess values for system-dependent variables and create Makefiles.
# Generated by GNU Autoconf 2.62 for sqlite 3.8.1.
#
# Copyright (C) 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001,
# 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
# This configure script is free software; the Free Software Foundation
# gives unlimited permission to copy, distribute and modify it.
## --------------------- ##
## M4sh Initialization.  ##
................................................................................
MFLAGS=
MAKEFLAGS=
SHELL=${CONFIG_SHELL-/bin/sh}

# Identity of this package.
PACKAGE_NAME='sqlite'
PACKAGE_TARNAME='sqlite'
PACKAGE_VERSION='3.8.1'
PACKAGE_STRING='sqlite 3.8.1'
PACKAGE_BUGREPORT=''

# Factoring default headers for most tests.
ac_includes_default="\
#include <stdio.h>
#ifdef HAVE_SYS_TYPES_H
# include <sys/types.h>
................................................................................
#
# Report the --help message.
#
if test "$ac_init_help" = "long"; then
  # Omit some internal or obsolete options to make the list less imposing.
  # This message is too long to be a string in the A/UX 3.1 sh.
  cat <<_ACEOF
\`configure' configures sqlite 3.8.1 to adapt to many kinds of systems.

Usage: $0 [OPTION]... [VAR=VALUE]...

To assign environment variables (e.g., CC, CFLAGS...), specify them as
VAR=VALUE.  See below for descriptions of some of the useful variables.

Defaults for the options are specified in brackets.
................................................................................
  --build=BUILD     configure for building on BUILD [guessed]
  --host=HOST       cross-compile to build programs to run on HOST [BUILD]
_ACEOF
fi

if test -n "$ac_init_help"; then
  case $ac_init_help in
     short | recursive ) echo "Configuration of sqlite 3.8.1:";;
   esac
  cat <<\_ACEOF

Optional Features:
  --disable-option-checking  ignore unrecognized --enable/--with options
  --disable-FEATURE       do not include FEATURE (same as --enable-FEATURE=no)
  --enable-FEATURE[=ARG]  include FEATURE [ARG=yes]
................................................................................
    cd "$ac_pwd" || { ac_status=$?; break; }
  done
fi

test -n "$ac_init_help" && exit $ac_status
if $ac_init_version; then
  cat <<\_ACEOF
sqlite configure 3.8.1
generated by GNU Autoconf 2.62

Copyright (C) 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001,
2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This configure script is free software; the Free Software Foundation
gives unlimited permission to copy, distribute and modify it.
_ACEOF
  exit
fi
cat >config.log <<_ACEOF
This file contains any messages produced by compilers while
running configure, to aid debugging if configure makes a mistake.

It was created by sqlite $as_me 3.8.1, which was
generated by GNU Autoconf 2.62.  Invocation command line was

  $ $0 $@

_ACEOF
exec 5>>config.log
{
................................................................................

exec 6>&1

# Save the log message, to keep $[0] and so on meaningful, and to
# report actual input values of CONFIG_FILES etc. instead of their
# values after options handling.
ac_log="
This file was extended by sqlite $as_me 3.8.1, which was
generated by GNU Autoconf 2.62.  Invocation command line was

  CONFIG_FILES    = $CONFIG_FILES
  CONFIG_HEADERS  = $CONFIG_HEADERS
  CONFIG_LINKS    = $CONFIG_LINKS
  CONFIG_COMMANDS = $CONFIG_COMMANDS
  $ $0 $@
................................................................................
$config_commands

Report bugs to <bug-autoconf@gnu.org>."

_ACEOF
cat >>$CONFIG_STATUS <<_ACEOF || ac_write_fail=1
ac_cs_version="\\
sqlite config.status 3.8.1
configured by $0, generated by GNU Autoconf 2.62,
  with options \\"`$as_echo "$ac_configure_args" | sed 's/^ //; s/[\\""\`\$]/\\\\&/g'`\\"

Copyright (C) 2008 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This config.status script is free software; the Free Software Foundation
gives unlimited permission to copy, distribute and modify it."



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#! /bin/sh
# Guess values for system-dependent variables and create Makefiles.
# Generated by GNU Autoconf 2.62 for sqlite 3.8.2.
#
# Copyright (C) 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001,
# 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
# This configure script is free software; the Free Software Foundation
# gives unlimited permission to copy, distribute and modify it.
## --------------------- ##
## M4sh Initialization.  ##
................................................................................
MFLAGS=
MAKEFLAGS=
SHELL=${CONFIG_SHELL-/bin/sh}

# Identity of this package.
PACKAGE_NAME='sqlite'
PACKAGE_TARNAME='sqlite'
PACKAGE_VERSION='3.8.2'
PACKAGE_STRING='sqlite 3.8.2'
PACKAGE_BUGREPORT=''

# Factoring default headers for most tests.
ac_includes_default="\
#include <stdio.h>
#ifdef HAVE_SYS_TYPES_H
# include <sys/types.h>
................................................................................
#
# Report the --help message.
#
if test "$ac_init_help" = "long"; then
  # Omit some internal or obsolete options to make the list less imposing.
  # This message is too long to be a string in the A/UX 3.1 sh.
  cat <<_ACEOF
\`configure' configures sqlite 3.8.2 to adapt to many kinds of systems.

Usage: $0 [OPTION]... [VAR=VALUE]...

To assign environment variables (e.g., CC, CFLAGS...), specify them as
VAR=VALUE.  See below for descriptions of some of the useful variables.

Defaults for the options are specified in brackets.
................................................................................
  --build=BUILD     configure for building on BUILD [guessed]
  --host=HOST       cross-compile to build programs to run on HOST [BUILD]
_ACEOF
fi

if test -n "$ac_init_help"; then
  case $ac_init_help in
     short | recursive ) echo "Configuration of sqlite 3.8.2:";;
   esac
  cat <<\_ACEOF

Optional Features:
  --disable-option-checking  ignore unrecognized --enable/--with options
  --disable-FEATURE       do not include FEATURE (same as --enable-FEATURE=no)
  --enable-FEATURE[=ARG]  include FEATURE [ARG=yes]
................................................................................
    cd "$ac_pwd" || { ac_status=$?; break; }
  done
fi

test -n "$ac_init_help" && exit $ac_status
if $ac_init_version; then
  cat <<\_ACEOF
sqlite configure 3.8.2
generated by GNU Autoconf 2.62

Copyright (C) 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001,
2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This configure script is free software; the Free Software Foundation
gives unlimited permission to copy, distribute and modify it.
_ACEOF
  exit
fi
cat >config.log <<_ACEOF
This file contains any messages produced by compilers while
running configure, to aid debugging if configure makes a mistake.

It was created by sqlite $as_me 3.8.2, which was
generated by GNU Autoconf 2.62.  Invocation command line was

  $ $0 $@

_ACEOF
exec 5>>config.log
{
................................................................................

exec 6>&1

# Save the log message, to keep $[0] and so on meaningful, and to
# report actual input values of CONFIG_FILES etc. instead of their
# values after options handling.
ac_log="
This file was extended by sqlite $as_me 3.8.2, which was
generated by GNU Autoconf 2.62.  Invocation command line was

  CONFIG_FILES    = $CONFIG_FILES
  CONFIG_HEADERS  = $CONFIG_HEADERS
  CONFIG_LINKS    = $CONFIG_LINKS
  CONFIG_COMMANDS = $CONFIG_COMMANDS
  $ $0 $@
................................................................................
$config_commands

Report bugs to <bug-autoconf@gnu.org>."

_ACEOF
cat >>$CONFIG_STATUS <<_ACEOF || ac_write_fail=1
ac_cs_version="\\
sqlite config.status 3.8.2
configured by $0, generated by GNU Autoconf 2.62,
  with options \\"`$as_echo "$ac_configure_args" | sed 's/^ //; s/[\\""\`\$]/\\\\&/g'`\\"

Copyright (C) 2008 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This config.status script is free software; the Free Software Foundation
gives unlimited permission to copy, distribute and modify it."

Changes to ext/fts3/fts3_expr.c.

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      }
    }
  }
  *ppCsr = pCsr;
  return rc;
}







/*
** Extract the next token from buffer z (length n) using the tokenizer
** and other information (column names etc.) in pParse. Create an Fts3Expr
** structure of type FTSQUERY_PHRASE containing a phrase consisting of this
** single token and set *ppExpr to point to it. If the end of the buffer is
** reached before a token is found, set *ppExpr to zero. It is the
................................................................................
  rc = sqlite3Fts3OpenTokenizer(pTokenizer, pParse->iLangid, z, n, &pCursor);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    const char *zToken;
    int nToken = 0, iStart = 0, iEnd = 0, iPosition = 0;
    int nByte;                               /* total space to allocate */

    rc = pModule->xNext(pCursor, &zToken, &nToken, &iStart, &iEnd, &iPosition);








    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
















      nByte = sizeof(Fts3Expr) + sizeof(Fts3Phrase) + nToken;
      pRet = (Fts3Expr *)fts3MallocZero(nByte);
      if( !pRet ){
        rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
      }else{
        pRet->eType = FTSQUERY_PHRASE;
        pRet->pPhrase = (Fts3Phrase *)&pRet[1];
................................................................................
  }
  sqlite3_free(zTemp);
  sqlite3_free(p);
  *ppExpr = 0;
  return SQLITE_NOMEM;
}

/*
** Function getNextNode(), which is called by fts3ExprParse(), may itself
** call fts3ExprParse(). So this forward declaration is required.
*/
static int fts3ExprParse(ParseContext *, const char *, int, Fts3Expr **, int *);

/*
** The output variable *ppExpr is populated with an allocated Fts3Expr 
** structure, or set to 0 if the end of the input buffer is reached.
**
** Returns an SQLite error code. SQLITE_OK if everything works, SQLITE_NOMEM
** if a malloc failure occurs, or SQLITE_ERROR if a parse error is encountered.
** If SQLITE_ERROR is returned, pContext is populated with an error message.
................................................................................

      /* Turns out that wasn't a keyword after all. This happens if the
      ** user has supplied a token such as "ORacle". Continue.
      */
    }
  }

  /* Check for an open bracket. */
  if( sqlite3_fts3_enable_parentheses ){
    if( *zInput=='(' ){
      int nConsumed;
      pParse->nNest++;
      rc = fts3ExprParse(pParse, &zInput[1], nInput-1, ppExpr, &nConsumed);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK && !*ppExpr ){
        rc = SQLITE_DONE;
      }
      *pnConsumed = (int)((zInput - z) + 1 + nConsumed);
      return rc;
    }
  
    /* Check for a close bracket. */
    if( *zInput==')' ){
      pParse->nNest--;
      *pnConsumed = (int)((zInput - z) + 1);
      return SQLITE_DONE;
    }
  }

  /* See if we are dealing with a quoted phrase. If this is the case, then
  ** search for the closing quote and pass the whole string to getNextString()
  ** for processing. This is easy to do, as fts3 has no syntax for escaping
  ** a quote character embedded in a string.
  */
  if( *zInput=='"' ){
    for(ii=1; ii<nInput && zInput[ii]!='"'; ii++);







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      }
    }
  }
  *ppCsr = pCsr;
  return rc;
}

/*
** Function getNextNode(), which is called by fts3ExprParse(), may itself
** call fts3ExprParse(). So this forward declaration is required.
*/
static int fts3ExprParse(ParseContext *, const char *, int, Fts3Expr **, int *);

/*
** Extract the next token from buffer z (length n) using the tokenizer
** and other information (column names etc.) in pParse. Create an Fts3Expr
** structure of type FTSQUERY_PHRASE containing a phrase consisting of this
** single token and set *ppExpr to point to it. If the end of the buffer is
** reached before a token is found, set *ppExpr to zero. It is the
................................................................................
  rc = sqlite3Fts3OpenTokenizer(pTokenizer, pParse->iLangid, z, n, &pCursor);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    const char *zToken;
    int nToken = 0, iStart = 0, iEnd = 0, iPosition = 0;
    int nByte;                               /* total space to allocate */

    rc = pModule->xNext(pCursor, &zToken, &nToken, &iStart, &iEnd, &iPosition);

    if( (rc==SQLITE_OK || rc==SQLITE_DONE) && sqlite3_fts3_enable_parentheses ){
      int i;
      if( rc==SQLITE_DONE ) iStart = n;
      for(i=0; i<iStart; i++){
        if( z[i]=='(' ){
          pParse->nNest++;
          rc = fts3ExprParse(pParse, &z[i+1], n-i-1, &pRet, &nConsumed);
          if( rc==SQLITE_OK && !pRet ){
            rc = SQLITE_DONE;
          }
          nConsumed = (int)(i + 1 + nConsumed);
          break;
        }

        if( z[i]==')' ){
          rc = SQLITE_DONE;
          pParse->nNest--;
          nConsumed = i+1;
          break;
        }
      }
    }

    if( nConsumed==0 && rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      nByte = sizeof(Fts3Expr) + sizeof(Fts3Phrase) + nToken;
      pRet = (Fts3Expr *)fts3MallocZero(nByte);
      if( !pRet ){
        rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
      }else{
        pRet->eType = FTSQUERY_PHRASE;
        pRet->pPhrase = (Fts3Phrase *)&pRet[1];
................................................................................
  }
  sqlite3_free(zTemp);
  sqlite3_free(p);
  *ppExpr = 0;
  return SQLITE_NOMEM;
}







/*
** The output variable *ppExpr is populated with an allocated Fts3Expr 
** structure, or set to 0 if the end of the input buffer is reached.
**
** Returns an SQLite error code. SQLITE_OK if everything works, SQLITE_NOMEM
** if a malloc failure occurs, or SQLITE_ERROR if a parse error is encountered.
** If SQLITE_ERROR is returned, pContext is populated with an error message.
................................................................................

      /* Turns out that wasn't a keyword after all. This happens if the
      ** user has supplied a token such as "ORacle". Continue.
      */
    }
  }






















  /* See if we are dealing with a quoted phrase. If this is the case, then
  ** search for the closing quote and pass the whole string to getNextString()
  ** for processing. This is easy to do, as fts3 has no syntax for escaping
  ** a quote character embedded in a string.
  */
  if( *zInput=='"' ){
    for(ii=1; ii<nInput && zInput[ii]!='"'; ii++);

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/* Size of hash table Rtree.aHash. This hash table is not expected to
** ever contain very many entries, so a fixed number of buckets is 
** used.
*/
#define HASHSIZE 128











/* 
** An rtree virtual-table object.
*/
struct Rtree {
  sqlite3_vtab base;
  sqlite3 *db;                /* Host database connection */
  int iNodeSize;              /* Size in bytes of each node in the node table */
................................................................................
  int nDim;                   /* Number of dimensions */
  int nBytesPerCell;          /* Bytes consumed per cell */
  int iDepth;                 /* Current depth of the r-tree structure */
  char *zDb;                  /* Name of database containing r-tree table */
  char *zName;                /* Name of r-tree table */ 
  RtreeNode *aHash[HASHSIZE]; /* Hash table of in-memory nodes. */ 
  int nBusy;                  /* Current number of users of this structure */


  /* List of nodes removed during a CondenseTree operation. List is
  ** linked together via the pointer normally used for hash chains -
  ** RtreeNode.pNext. RtreeNode.iNode stores the depth of the sub-tree 
  ** headed by the node (leaf nodes have RtreeNode.iNode==0).
  */
  RtreeNode *pDeleted;
................................................................................
      assert( rc!=SQLITE_OK || !pCsr->pNode || pCsr->iCell<NCELL(pCsr->pNode) );
    }
  }

  rtreeRelease(pRtree);
  return rc;
}














/*
** Rtree virtual table module xBestIndex method. There are three
** table scan strategies to choose from (in order from most to 
** least desirable):
**
**   idxNum     idxStr        Strategy
................................................................................
**   ----------------------
**
** The second of each pair of bytes identifies the coordinate column
** to which the constraint applies. The leftmost coordinate column
** is 'a', the second from the left 'b' etc.
*/
static int rtreeBestIndex(sqlite3_vtab *tab, sqlite3_index_info *pIdxInfo){

  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  int ii;


  int iIdx = 0;
  char zIdxStr[RTREE_MAX_DIMENSIONS*8+1];
  memset(zIdxStr, 0, sizeof(zIdxStr));
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(tab);

  assert( pIdxInfo->idxStr==0 );
  for(ii=0; ii<pIdxInfo->nConstraint && iIdx<(int)(sizeof(zIdxStr)-1); ii++){
    struct sqlite3_index_constraint *p = &pIdxInfo->aConstraint[ii];

    if( p->usable && p->iColumn==0 && p->op==SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_EQ ){
      /* We have an equality constraint on the rowid. Use strategy 1. */
................................................................................
      pIdxInfo->idxNum = 1;
      pIdxInfo->aConstraintUsage[ii].argvIndex = 1;
      pIdxInfo->aConstraintUsage[jj].omit = 1;

      /* This strategy involves a two rowid lookups on an B-Tree structures
      ** and then a linear search of an R-Tree node. This should be 
      ** considered almost as quick as a direct rowid lookup (for which 
      ** sqlite uses an internal cost of 0.0).

      */ 
      pIdxInfo->estimatedCost = 10.0;

      return SQLITE_OK;
    }

    if( p->usable && (p->iColumn>0 || p->op==SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_MATCH) ){
      u8 op;
      switch( p->op ){
        case SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_EQ: op = RTREE_EQ; break;
................................................................................
  }

  pIdxInfo->idxNum = 2;
  pIdxInfo->needToFreeIdxStr = 1;
  if( iIdx>0 && 0==(pIdxInfo->idxStr = sqlite3_mprintf("%s", zIdxStr)) ){
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  assert( iIdx>=0 );


  pIdxInfo->estimatedCost = (2000000.0 / (double)(iIdx + 1));


  return rc;
}

/*
** Return the N-dimensional volumn of the cell stored in *p.
*/
static RtreeDValue cellArea(Rtree *pRtree, RtreeCell *p){
................................................................................
  );
  if( zSql ){
    rc = sqlite3_exec(pRtree->db, zSql, 0, 0, 0);
    sqlite3_free(zSql);
  }
  return rc;
}
































static sqlite3_module rtreeModule = {
  0,                          /* iVersion */
  rtreeCreate,                /* xCreate - create a table */
  rtreeConnect,               /* xConnect - connect to an existing table */
  rtreeBestIndex,             /* xBestIndex - Determine search strategy */
  rtreeDisconnect,            /* xDisconnect - Disconnect from a table */
................................................................................
  appStmt[3] = &pRtree->pReadRowid;
  appStmt[4] = &pRtree->pWriteRowid;
  appStmt[5] = &pRtree->pDeleteRowid;
  appStmt[6] = &pRtree->pReadParent;
  appStmt[7] = &pRtree->pWriteParent;
  appStmt[8] = &pRtree->pDeleteParent;


  for(i=0; i<N_STATEMENT && rc==SQLITE_OK; i++){
    char *zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(azSql[i], zDb, zPrefix);
    if( zSql ){
      rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(db, zSql, -1, appStmt[i], 0); 
    }else{
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }







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/* Size of hash table Rtree.aHash. This hash table is not expected to
** ever contain very many entries, so a fixed number of buckets is 
** used.
*/
#define HASHSIZE 128

/* The xBestIndex method of this virtual table requires an estimate of
** the number of rows in the virtual table to calculate the costs of
** various strategies. If possible, this estimate is loaded from the
** sqlite_stat1 table (with RTREE_MIN_ROWEST as a hard-coded minimum).
** Otherwise, if no sqlite_stat1 entry is available, use 
** RTREE_DEFAULT_ROWEST.
*/
#define RTREE_DEFAULT_ROWEST 1048576
#define RTREE_MIN_ROWEST         100

/* 
** An rtree virtual-table object.
*/
struct Rtree {
  sqlite3_vtab base;
  sqlite3 *db;                /* Host database connection */
  int iNodeSize;              /* Size in bytes of each node in the node table */
................................................................................
  int nDim;                   /* Number of dimensions */
  int nBytesPerCell;          /* Bytes consumed per cell */
  int iDepth;                 /* Current depth of the r-tree structure */
  char *zDb;                  /* Name of database containing r-tree table */
  char *zName;                /* Name of r-tree table */ 
  RtreeNode *aHash[HASHSIZE]; /* Hash table of in-memory nodes. */ 
  int nBusy;                  /* Current number of users of this structure */
  i64 nRowEst;                /* Estimated number of rows in this table */

  /* List of nodes removed during a CondenseTree operation. List is
  ** linked together via the pointer normally used for hash chains -
  ** RtreeNode.pNext. RtreeNode.iNode stores the depth of the sub-tree 
  ** headed by the node (leaf nodes have RtreeNode.iNode==0).
  */
  RtreeNode *pDeleted;
................................................................................
      assert( rc!=SQLITE_OK || !pCsr->pNode || pCsr->iCell<NCELL(pCsr->pNode) );
    }
  }

  rtreeRelease(pRtree);
  return rc;
}

/*
** Set the pIdxInfo->estimatedRows variable to nRow. Unless this
** extension is currently being used by a version of SQLite too old to
** support estimatedRows. In that case this function is a no-op.
*/
static void setEstimatedRows(sqlite3_index_info *pIdxInfo, i64 nRow){
#if SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER>=3008002
  if( sqlite3_libversion_number()>=3008002 ){
    pIdxInfo->estimatedRows = nRow;
  }
#endif
}

/*
** Rtree virtual table module xBestIndex method. There are three
** table scan strategies to choose from (in order from most to 
** least desirable):
**
**   idxNum     idxStr        Strategy
................................................................................
**   ----------------------
**
** The second of each pair of bytes identifies the coordinate column
** to which the constraint applies. The leftmost coordinate column
** is 'a', the second from the left 'b' etc.
*/
static int rtreeBestIndex(sqlite3_vtab *tab, sqlite3_index_info *pIdxInfo){
  Rtree *pRtree = (Rtree*)tab;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  int ii;
  i64 nRow;                       /* Estimated rows returned by this scan */

  int iIdx = 0;
  char zIdxStr[RTREE_MAX_DIMENSIONS*8+1];
  memset(zIdxStr, 0, sizeof(zIdxStr));


  assert( pIdxInfo->idxStr==0 );
  for(ii=0; ii<pIdxInfo->nConstraint && iIdx<(int)(sizeof(zIdxStr)-1); ii++){
    struct sqlite3_index_constraint *p = &pIdxInfo->aConstraint[ii];

    if( p->usable && p->iColumn==0 && p->op==SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_EQ ){
      /* We have an equality constraint on the rowid. Use strategy 1. */
................................................................................
      pIdxInfo->idxNum = 1;
      pIdxInfo->aConstraintUsage[ii].argvIndex = 1;
      pIdxInfo->aConstraintUsage[jj].omit = 1;

      /* This strategy involves a two rowid lookups on an B-Tree structures
      ** and then a linear search of an R-Tree node. This should be 
      ** considered almost as quick as a direct rowid lookup (for which 
      ** sqlite uses an internal cost of 0.0). It is expected to return
      ** a single row.
      */ 
      pIdxInfo->estimatedCost = 30.0;
      setEstimatedRows(pIdxInfo, 1);
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }

    if( p->usable && (p->iColumn>0 || p->op==SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_MATCH) ){
      u8 op;
      switch( p->op ){
        case SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_EQ: op = RTREE_EQ; break;
................................................................................
  }

  pIdxInfo->idxNum = 2;
  pIdxInfo->needToFreeIdxStr = 1;
  if( iIdx>0 && 0==(pIdxInfo->idxStr = sqlite3_mprintf("%s", zIdxStr)) ){
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }


  nRow = pRtree->nRowEst / (iIdx + 1);
  pIdxInfo->estimatedCost = (double)6.0 * (double)nRow;
  setEstimatedRows(pIdxInfo, nRow);

  return rc;
}

/*
** Return the N-dimensional volumn of the cell stored in *p.
*/
static RtreeDValue cellArea(Rtree *pRtree, RtreeCell *p){
................................................................................
  );
  if( zSql ){
    rc = sqlite3_exec(pRtree->db, zSql, 0, 0, 0);
    sqlite3_free(zSql);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** This function populates the pRtree->nRowEst variable with an estimate
** of the number of rows in the virtual table. If possible, this is based
** on sqlite_stat1 data. Otherwise, use RTREE_DEFAULT_ROWEST.
*/
static int rtreeQueryStat1(sqlite3 *db, Rtree *pRtree){
  const char *zSql = "SELECT stat FROM sqlite_stat1 WHERE tbl= ? || '_rowid'";
  sqlite3_stmt *p;
  int rc;
  i64 nRow = 0;

  rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(db, zSql, -1, &p, 0);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3_bind_text(p, 1, pRtree->zName, -1, SQLITE_STATIC);
    if( sqlite3_step(p)==SQLITE_ROW ) nRow = sqlite3_column_int64(p, 0);
    rc = sqlite3_finalize(p);
  }else if( rc!=SQLITE_NOMEM ){
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
  }

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( nRow==0 ){
      pRtree->nRowEst = RTREE_DEFAULT_ROWEST;
    }else{
      pRtree->nRowEst = MAX(nRow, RTREE_MIN_ROWEST);
    }
  }

  return rc;
}

static sqlite3_module rtreeModule = {
  0,                          /* iVersion */
  rtreeCreate,                /* xCreate - create a table */
  rtreeConnect,               /* xConnect - connect to an existing table */
  rtreeBestIndex,             /* xBestIndex - Determine search strategy */
  rtreeDisconnect,            /* xDisconnect - Disconnect from a table */
................................................................................
  appStmt[3] = &pRtree->pReadRowid;
  appStmt[4] = &pRtree->pWriteRowid;
  appStmt[5] = &pRtree->pDeleteRowid;
  appStmt[6] = &pRtree->pReadParent;
  appStmt[7] = &pRtree->pWriteParent;
  appStmt[8] = &pRtree->pDeleteParent;

  rc = rtreeQueryStat1(db, pRtree);
  for(i=0; i<N_STATEMENT && rc==SQLITE_OK; i++){
    char *zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(azSql[i], zDb, zPrefix);
    if( zSql ){
      rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(db, zSql, -1, appStmt[i], 0); 
    }else{
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }

Changes to ext/rtree/rtree6.test.

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  0 1 1 {SEARCH TABLE t2 USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?)}
}

do_eqp_test rtree6.2.4 {
  SELECT * FROM t1,t2 WHERE v=10 and x1<10 and x2>10
} {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:CaEb} 
  0 1 1 {SCAN TABLE t2}
}

do_eqp_test rtree6.2.5 {
  SELECT * FROM t1,t2 WHERE k=ii AND x1<v
} {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:} 
  0 1 1 {SEARCH TABLE t2 USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?)}







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  0 1 1 {SEARCH TABLE t2 USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?)}
}

do_eqp_test rtree6.2.4 {
  SELECT * FROM t1,t2 WHERE v=10 and x1<10 and x2>10
} {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:CaEb} 
  0 1 1 {SEARCH TABLE t2 USING AUTOMATIC COVERING INDEX (v=?)}
}

do_eqp_test rtree6.2.5 {
  SELECT * FROM t1,t2 WHERE k=ii AND x1<v
} {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:} 
  0 1 1 {SEARCH TABLE t2 USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?)}

Added ext/rtree/rtreeC.test.

































































































































































































































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# 2011 March 2
#
# The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
# a legal notice, here is a blessing:
#
#    May you do good and not evil.
#    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
#    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
#
#***********************************************************************
# Make sure the rtreenode() testing function can handle entries with
# 64-bit rowids.
# 

if {![info exists testdir]} {
  set testdir [file join [file dirname [info script]] .. .. test]
} 
source $testdir/tester.tcl
ifcapable !rtree { finish_test ; return }
set testprefix rtreeC

do_execsql_test 1.0 {
  CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE r_tree USING rtree(id, min_x, max_x, min_y, max_y);
  CREATE TABLE t(x, y);
}

do_eqp_test 1.1 {
  SELECT * FROM r_tree, t 
  WHERE t.x>=min_x AND t.x<=max_x AND t.y>=min_y AND t.x<=max_y
} {
  0 0 1 {SCAN TABLE t}
  0 1 0 {SCAN TABLE r_tree VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:DdBcDbBa}
}

do_eqp_test 1.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t, r_tree
  WHERE t.x>=min_x AND t.x<=max_x AND t.y>=min_y AND t.x<=max_y
} {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t}
  0 1 1 {SCAN TABLE r_tree VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:DdBcDbBa}
}

do_eqp_test 1.3 {
  SELECT * FROM t, r_tree
  WHERE t.x>=min_x AND t.x<=max_x AND t.y>=min_y AND ?<=max_y
} {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t}
  0 1 1 {SCAN TABLE r_tree VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:DdBcDbBa}
}

do_eqp_test 1.5 {
  SELECT * FROM t, r_tree
} {
  0 0 1 {SCAN TABLE r_tree VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:}
  0 1 0 {SCAN TABLE t} 
}

do_execsql_test 2.0 {
  INSERT INTO t VALUES(0, 0);
  INSERT INTO t VALUES(0, 1);
  INSERT INTO t VALUES(0, 2);
  INSERT INTO t VALUES(0, 3);
  INSERT INTO t VALUES(0, 4);
  INSERT INTO t VALUES(0, 5);
  INSERT INTO t VALUES(0, 6);
  INSERT INTO t VALUES(0, 7);
  INSERT INTO t VALUES(0, 8);
  INSERT INTO t VALUES(0, 9);

  INSERT INTO t SELECT x+1, y FROM t;
  INSERT INTO t SELECT x+2, y FROM t;
  INSERT INTO t SELECT x+4, y FROM t;
  INSERT INTO r_tree SELECT NULL, x-1, x+1, y-1, y+1 FROM t;
  ANALYZE;
}

db close
sqlite3 db test.db

do_eqp_test 2.1 {
  SELECT * FROM r_tree, t 
  WHERE t.x>=min_x AND t.x<=max_x AND t.y>=min_y AND t.x<=max_y
} {
  0 0 1 {SCAN TABLE t}
  0 1 0 {SCAN TABLE r_tree VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:DdBcDbBa}
}

do_eqp_test 2.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t, r_tree
  WHERE t.x>=min_x AND t.x<=max_x AND t.y>=min_y AND t.x<=max_y
} {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t}
  0 1 1 {SCAN TABLE r_tree VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:DdBcDbBa}
}

do_eqp_test 2.3 {
  SELECT * FROM t, r_tree
  WHERE t.x>=min_x AND t.x<=max_x AND t.y>=min_y AND ?<=max_y
} {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t}
  0 1 1 {SCAN TABLE r_tree VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:DdBcDbBa}
}

do_eqp_test 2.5 {
  SELECT * FROM t, r_tree
} {
  0 0 1 {SCAN TABLE r_tree VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:}
  0 1 0 {SCAN TABLE t} 
}

finish_test

Changes to magic.txt.

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>68  belong  =0x0f055113  Fossil global configuration - 
>68  belong  =0x0f055111  Fossil repository -
>68  belong  =0x42654462  Bentley Systems BeSQLite Database -
>68  belong  =0x42654c6e  Bentley Systems Localization File -
>60  belong  =0x5f4d544e  Monotone source repository -
>68  belong  =0x47504b47  OGC GeoPackage file -
>68  belong  =0x47503130  OGC GeoPackage version 1.0 file -

>0   string  =SQLite      SQLite3 database







>

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>68  belong  =0x0f055113  Fossil global configuration - 
>68  belong  =0x0f055111  Fossil repository -
>68  belong  =0x42654462  Bentley Systems BeSQLite Database -
>68  belong  =0x42654c6e  Bentley Systems Localization File -
>60  belong  =0x5f4d544e  Monotone source repository -
>68  belong  =0x47504b47  OGC GeoPackage file -
>68  belong  =0x47503130  OGC GeoPackage version 1.0 file -
>68  belong  =0x45737269  Esri Spatially-Enabled Database -
>0   string  =SQLite      SQLite3 database

Changes to main.mk.

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TEST_EXTENSION = $(SHPREFIX)testloadext.$(SO)
$(TEST_EXTENSION): $(TOP)/src/test_loadext.c
	$(MKSHLIB) $(TOP)/src/test_loadext.c -o $(TEST_EXTENSION)

extensiontest: testfixture$(EXE) $(TEST_EXTENSION)
	./testfixture$(EXE) $(TOP)/test/loadext.test

showdb:	$(TOP)/tool/showdb.c sqlite3.c
	$(TCC) -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 -DSQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION -o showdb \
		$(TOP)/tool/showdb.c sqlite3.c





# This target will fail if the SQLite amalgamation contains any exported
# symbols that do not begin with "sqlite3_". It is run as part of the
# releasetest.tcl script.
#
checksymbols: sqlite3.o
	nm -g --defined-only sqlite3.o | grep -v " sqlite3_" ; test $$? -ne 0







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TEST_EXTENSION = $(SHPREFIX)testloadext.$(SO)
$(TEST_EXTENSION): $(TOP)/src/test_loadext.c
	$(MKSHLIB) $(TOP)/src/test_loadext.c -o $(TEST_EXTENSION)

extensiontest: testfixture$(EXE) $(TEST_EXTENSION)
	./testfixture$(EXE) $(TOP)/test/loadext.test

showdb$(EXE):	$(TOP)/tool/showdb.c sqlite3.c
	$(TCC) -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 -DSQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION -o showdb$(EXE) \
		$(TOP)/tool/showdb.c sqlite3.c

wordcount$(EXE):	$(TOP)/test/wordcount.c sqlite3.c
	$(TCC) -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 -DSQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION -o wordcount$(EXE) \
		$(TOP)/test/wordcount.c sqlite3.c

# This target will fail if the SQLite amalgamation contains any exported
# symbols that do not begin with "sqlite3_". It is run as part of the
# releasetest.tcl script.
#
checksymbols: sqlite3.o
	nm -g --defined-only sqlite3.o | grep -v " sqlite3_" ; test $$? -ne 0

Changes to mkopcodec.awk.

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# opcodes used by the VDBE.  These strings are used when disassembling a
# VDBE program during tracing or as a result of the EXPLAIN keyword.
#
BEGIN {
  print "/* Automatically generated.  Do not edit */"
  print "/* See the mkopcodec.awk script for details. */"
  printf "#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN)"
  printf    " || !defined(NDEBUG)"
  printf    " || defined(VDBE_PROFILE)"
  print     " || defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)"





  print "const char *sqlite3OpcodeName(int i){"
  print " static const char *const azName[] = { \"?\","
  mx = 0
}
/define OP_/ {
  sub("OP_","",$2)
  i = $3+0
  label[i] = $2
  if( mx<i ) mx = i









}
END {
  for(i=1; i<=mx; i++){
    printf "     /* %3d */ \"%s\",\n", i, label[i]

  }
  print "  };"
  print "  return azName[i];"
  print "}"
  print "#endif"
}







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# opcodes used by the VDBE.  These strings are used when disassembling a
# VDBE program during tracing or as a result of the EXPLAIN keyword.
#
BEGIN {
  print "/* Automatically generated.  Do not edit */"
  print "/* See the mkopcodec.awk script for details. */"
  printf "#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN)"

  printf    " || defined(VDBE_PROFILE)"
  print     " || defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)"
  print "#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_EXPLAIN_COMMENTS) || defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)"
  print "# define OpHelp(X) \"\\0\" X"
  print "#else"
  print "# define OpHelp(X)"
  print "#endif"
  print "const char *sqlite3OpcodeName(int i){"
  print " static const char *const azName[] = { \"?\","
  mx = 0
}
/^.define OP_/ {
  sub("OP_","",$2)
  i = $3+0
  label[i] = $2
  if( mx<i ) mx = i
  for(j=5; j<NF; j++) if( $j=="synopsis:" ) break
  if( j<NF ){
    j++
    x = $j
    for(j=j+1; j<NF; j++) x = x " " $j
    synopsis[i] = x
  }else{
    synopsis[i] = ""
  }
}
END {
  for(i=1; i<=mx; i++){
    printf "     /* %3d */ %-18s OpHelp(\"%s\"),\n", i, \
        "\"" label[i] "\"", synopsis[i]
  }
  print "  };"
  print "  return azName[i];"
  print "}"
  print "#endif"
}

Changes to mkopcodeh.awk.

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#


# Remember the TK_ values from the parse.h file
/^#define TK_/ {
  tk[$2] = 0+$3    # tk[x] holds the numeric value for TK symbol X
}




























# Scan for "case OP_aaaa:" lines in the vdbe.c file
/^case OP_/ {
  name = $2
  sub(/:/,"",name)
  sub("\r","",name)
  op[name] = -1       # op[x] holds the numeric value for OP symbol x
................................................................................
    }
  }
  max = cnt
  for(i=1; i<=max; i++){
    if( !used[i] ){
      def[i] = "OP_NotUsed_" i 
    }
    printf "#define %-25s %15d", def[i], i

    if( sameas[i] ){
      printf "   /* same as %-12s*/", sameas[i]












    } 
    printf "\n"
  }

  # Generate the bitvectors:
  #
  #  bit 0:     jump
................................................................................
  print "#define OPFLG_INITIALIZER {\\"
  for(i=0; i<=max; i++){
    if( i%8==0 ) printf("/* %3d */",i)
    printf " 0x%02x,", bv[i]
    if( i%8==7 ) printf("\\\n");
  }
  print "}"








}










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#


# Remember the TK_ values from the parse.h file
/^#define TK_/ {
  tk[$2] = 0+$3    # tk[x] holds the numeric value for TK symbol X
}

# Find "/* Opcode: " lines in the vdbe.c file.  Each one introduces
# a new opcode.  Remember which parameters are used.
/^.. Opcode: / {
  currentOp = "OP_" $3
  m = 0
  for(i=4; i<=NF; i++){
    x = $i
    if( x=="P1" ) m += 1
    if( x=="P2" ) m += 2
    if( x=="P3" ) m += 4
    if( x=="P4" ) m += 8
    if( x=="P5" ) m += 16
  }
  paramused[currentOp] = m
}

# Find "** Synopsis: " lines that follow Opcode:
/^.. Synopsis: / {
  if( currentOp ){
    x = $3
    for(i=4; i<=NF; i++){
      x = x " " $i
    }
    synopsis[currentOp] = x
  }
}

# Scan for "case OP_aaaa:" lines in the vdbe.c file
/^case OP_/ {
  name = $2
  sub(/:/,"",name)
  sub("\r","",name)
  op[name] = -1       # op[x] holds the numeric value for OP symbol x
................................................................................
    }
  }
  max = cnt
  for(i=1; i<=max; i++){
    if( !used[i] ){
      def[i] = "OP_NotUsed_" i 
    }
    printf "#define %-16s %3d", def[i], i
    com = ""
    if( sameas[i] ){

      com = "same as " sameas[i]
    }
    x = synopsis[def[i]]
    if( x ){
      if( com=="" ){
        com = "synopsis: " x
      } else {
        com = com ", synopsis: " x
      }
    }
    if( com!="" ){
      printf " /* %-42s */", com
    }
    printf "\n"
  }

  # Generate the bitvectors:
  #
  #  bit 0:     jump
................................................................................
  print "#define OPFLG_INITIALIZER {\\"
  for(i=0; i<=max; i++){
    if( i%8==0 ) printf("/* %3d */",i)
    printf " 0x%02x,", bv[i]
    if( i%8==7 ) printf("\\\n");
  }
  print "}"
  if( 0 ){
    print "\n/* Bitmask to indicate which fields (P1..P5) of each opcode are"
    print "** actually used.\n*/"
    print "#define OP_PARAM_USED_INITIALIZER {\\"
    for(i=0; i<=max; i++){
      if( i%8==0 ) printf("/* %3d */",i)
      printf " 0x%02x,", paramused[def[i]]
      if( i%8==7 ) printf("\\\n");
    }
    print "}"
  }
}

Changes to src/analyze.c.

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      }
    }
  }

  /* Open the sqlite_stat[134] tables for writing. */
  for(i=0; aTable[i].zCols; i++){
    assert( i<ArraySize(aTable) );
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenWrite, iStatCur+i, aRoot[i], iDb);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char *)3, P4_INT32);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, aCreateTbl[i]);
  }
}

/*
** Recommended number of samples for sqlite_stat4
*/
................................................................................
typedef struct Stat4Accum Stat4Accum;
typedef struct Stat4Sample Stat4Sample;
struct Stat4Sample {
  tRowcnt *anEq;                  /* sqlite_stat4.nEq */
  tRowcnt *anDLt;                 /* sqlite_stat4.nDLt */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  tRowcnt *anLt;                  /* sqlite_stat4.nLt */

  i64 iRowid;                     /* Rowid in main table of the key */



  u8 isPSample;                   /* True if a periodic sample */
  int iCol;                       /* If !isPSample, the reason for inclusion */
  u32 iHash;                      /* Tiebreaker hash */
#endif
};                                                    
struct Stat4Accum {
  tRowcnt nRow;             /* Number of rows in the entire table */
  tRowcnt nPSample;         /* How often to do a periodic sample */
  int nCol;                 /* Number of columns in index + rowid */
  int mxSample;             /* Maximum number of samples to accumulate */
  Stat4Sample current;      /* Current row as a Stat4Sample */
  u32 iPrn;                 /* Pseudo-random number used for sampling */
  Stat4Sample *aBest;       /* Array of (nCol-1) best samples */
  int iMin;                 /* Index in a[] of entry with minimum score */
  int nSample;              /* Current number of samples */
  int iGet;                 /* Index of current sample accessed by stat_get() */
  Stat4Sample *a;           /* Array of mxSample Stat4Sample objects */

};










































































/*
** Implementation of the stat_init(N,C) SQL function. The two parameters
** are the number of rows in the table or index (C) and the number of columns
** in the index (N).  The second argument (C) is only used for STAT3 and STAT4.
**
** This routine allocates the Stat4Accum object in heap memory. The return 
................................................................................
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  Stat4Accum *p;
  int nCol;                       /* Number of columns in index being sampled */
  int nColUp;                     /* nCol rounded up for alignment */
  int n;                          /* Bytes of space to allocate */

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  int mxSample = SQLITE_STAT4_SAMPLES;
#endif

  /* Decode the three function arguments */
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(argc);
  nCol = sqlite3_value_int(argv[0]);
................................................................................
    + sizeof(tRowcnt)*nColUp                  /* Stat4Accum.anDLt */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
    + sizeof(tRowcnt)*nColUp                  /* Stat4Accum.anLt */
    + sizeof(Stat4Sample)*(nCol+mxSample)   /* Stat4Accum.aBest[], a[] */
    + sizeof(tRowcnt)*3*nColUp*(nCol+mxSample)
#endif
  ;

  p = sqlite3MallocZero(n);
  if( p==0 ){
    sqlite3_result_error_nomem(context);
    return;
  }


  p->nRow = 0;
  p->nCol = nCol;
  p->current.anDLt = (tRowcnt*)&p[1];
  p->current.anEq = &p->current.anDLt[nColUp];

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  {
................................................................................
    for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
      p->aBest[i].iCol = i;
    }
  }
#endif

  /* Return a pointer to the allocated object to the caller */
  sqlite3_result_blob(context, p, sizeof(p), sqlite3_free);
}
static const FuncDef statInitFuncdef = {
  1+IsStat34,      /* nArg */
  SQLITE_UTF8,     /* funcFlags */
  0,               /* pUserData */
  0,               /* pNext */
  statInit,        /* xFunc */
................................................................................
  }
  return 0;
#else
  return (nEqNew==nEqOld && pNew->iHash>pOld->iHash);
#endif
}

/*
** Copy the contents of object (*pFrom) into (*pTo).
*/
static void sampleCopy(Stat4Accum *p, Stat4Sample *pTo, Stat4Sample *pFrom){
  pTo->iRowid = pFrom->iRowid;
  pTo->isPSample = pFrom->isPSample;
  pTo->iCol = pFrom->iCol;
  pTo->iHash = pFrom->iHash;
  memcpy(pTo->anEq, pFrom->anEq, sizeof(tRowcnt)*p->nCol);
  memcpy(pTo->anLt, pFrom->anLt, sizeof(tRowcnt)*p->nCol);
  memcpy(pTo->anDLt, pFrom->anDLt, sizeof(tRowcnt)*p->nCol);
}

/*
** Copy the contents of sample *pNew into the p->a[] array. If necessary,
** remove the least desirable sample from p->a[] to make room.
*/
static void sampleInsert(Stat4Accum *p, Stat4Sample *pNew, int nEqZero){
  Stat4Sample *pSample;
  int i;

  assert( IsStat4 || nEqZero==0 );

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4
  if( pNew->isPSample==0 ){
    Stat4Sample *pUpgrade = 0;
................................................................................

  /* If necessary, remove sample iMin to make room for the new sample. */
  if( p->nSample>=p->mxSample ){
    Stat4Sample *pMin = &p->a[p->iMin];
    tRowcnt *anEq = pMin->anEq;
    tRowcnt *anLt = pMin->anLt;
    tRowcnt *anDLt = pMin->anDLt;

    memmove(pMin, &pMin[1], sizeof(p->a[0])*(p->nSample-p->iMin-1));
    pSample = &p->a[p->nSample-1];

    pSample->anEq = anEq;
    pSample->anDLt = anDLt;
    pSample->anLt = anLt;
    p->nSample = p->mxSample-1;
  }

  /* The "rows less-than" for the rowid column must be greater than that
................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  UNUSED_PARAMETER( p );
  UNUSED_PARAMETER( iChng );
#endif
}

/*
** Implementation of the stat_push SQL function:  stat_push(P,R,C)
** Arguments:
**
**    P     Pointer to the Stat4Accum object created by stat_init()
**    C     Index of left-most column to differ from previous row
**    R     Rowid for the current row

**
** The SQL function always returns NULL.
**
** The R parameter is only used for STAT3 and STAT4.
*/
static void statPush(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  int i;
................................................................................
      p->current.anLt[i] += p->current.anEq[i];
#endif
      p->current.anEq[i] = 1;
    }
  }
  p->nRow++;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4

  p->current.iRowid = sqlite3_value_int64(argv[2]);




  p->current.iHash = p->iPrn = p->iPrn*1103515245 + 12345;
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4
  {
    tRowcnt nLt = p->current.anLt[p->nCol-1];

................................................................................
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  else if( eCall==STAT_GET_ROWID ){
    if( p->iGet<0 ){
      samplePushPrevious(p, 0);
      p->iGet = 0;
    }
    if( p->iGet<p->nSample ){


      sqlite3_result_int64(context, p->a[p->iGet].iRowid);




    }
  }else{
    tRowcnt *aCnt = 0;

    assert( p->iGet<p->nSample );
    switch( eCall ){
      case STAT_GET_NEQ:  aCnt = p->a[p->iGet].anEq; break;
................................................................................
  iIdxCur = iTab++;
  pParse->nTab = MAX(pParse->nTab, iTab);
  sqlite3OpenTable(pParse, iTabCur, iDb, pTab, OP_OpenRead);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, regTabname, 0, pTab->zName, 0);

  for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
    int nCol;                     /* Number of columns indexed by pIdx */
    KeyInfo *pKey;                /* KeyInfo structure for pIdx */
    int *aGotoChng;               /* Array of jump instruction addresses */
    int addrRewind;               /* Address of "OP_Rewind iIdxCur" */
    int addrGotoChng0;            /* Address of "Goto addr_chng_0" */
    int addrNextRow;              /* Address of "next_row:" */


    if( pOnlyIdx && pOnlyIdx!=pIdx ) continue;
    if( pIdx->pPartIdxWhere==0 ) needTableCnt = 0;
    VdbeNoopComment((v, "Begin analysis of %s", pIdx->zName));
    nCol = pIdx->nColumn;
    aGotoChng = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, sizeof(int)*(nCol+1));
    if( aGotoChng==0 ) continue;
    pKey = sqlite3IndexKeyinfo(pParse, pIdx);

    /* Populate the register containing the index name. */





    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, regIdxname, 0, pIdx->zName, 0);

    /*
    ** Pseudo-code for loop that calls stat_push():
    **
    **   Rewind csr
    **   if eof(csr) goto end_of_scan;
    **   regChng = 0
................................................................................
    ** when building a record to insert into the sample column of 
    ** the sqlite_stat4 table.  */
    pParse->nMem = MAX(pParse->nMem, regPrev+nCol);

    /* Open a read-only cursor on the index being analyzed. */
    assert( iDb==sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pIdx->pSchema) );
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenRead, iIdxCur, pIdx->tnum, iDb);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char*)pKey, P4_KEYINFO_HANDOFF); 
    VdbeComment((v, "%s", pIdx->zName));

    /* Invoke the stat_init() function. The arguments are:
    ** 
    **    (1) the number of columns in the index including the rowid,
    **    (2) the number of rows in the index,
    **
................................................................................
    **   regRowid = idx(rowid)            // STAT34 only
    **   stat_push(P, regChng, regRowid)  // 3rd parameter STAT34 only
    **   Next csr
    **   if !eof(csr) goto next_row;
    */
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, aGotoChng[nCol]);
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxRowid, iIdxCur, regRowid);
    assert( regRowid==(regStat4+2) );














#endif
    assert( regChng==(regStat4+1) );
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Function, 1, regStat4, regTemp);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char*)&statPushFuncdef, P4_FUNCDEF);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, 2+IsStat34);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iIdxCur, addrNextRow);

................................................................................
      int regLt = regStat1+1;
      int regDLt = regStat1+2;
      int regSample = regStat1+3;
      int regCol = regStat1+4;
      int regSampleRowid = regCol + nCol;
      int addrNext;
      int addrIsNull;


      pParse->nMem = MAX(pParse->nMem, regCol+nCol+1);

      addrNext = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
      callStatGet(v, regStat4, STAT_GET_ROWID, regSampleRowid);
      addrIsNull = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IsNull, regSampleRowid);
      callStatGet(v, regStat4, STAT_GET_NEQ, regEq);
      callStatGet(v, regStat4, STAT_GET_NLT, regLt);
      callStatGet(v, regStat4, STAT_GET_NDLT, regDLt);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, iTabCur, addrNext, regSampleRowid);
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
      sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, iTabCur, 
                                      pIdx->aiColumn[0], regSample);
#else
      for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
        int iCol = pIdx->aiColumn[i];
        sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, iTabCur, iCol, regCol+i);
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regCol, nCol+1, regSample);
#endif
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, regTabname, 6, regTemp, "bbbbbb", 0);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, iStatCur+1, regNewRowid);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, iStatCur+1, regTemp, regNewRowid);
................................................................................
    pIndex = sqlite3FindIndex(pInfo->db, argv[1], pInfo->zDatabase);
  }else{
    pIndex = 0;
  }
  z = argv[2];

  if( pIndex ){
    decodeIntArray((char*)z, pIndex->nColumn+1, pIndex->aiRowEst, pIndex);
    if( pIndex->pPartIdxWhere==0 ) pTable->nRowEst = pIndex->aiRowEst[0];
  }else{
    Index fakeIdx;
    fakeIdx.szIdxRow = pTable->szTabRow;
    decodeIntArray((char*)z, 1, &pTable->nRowEst, &fakeIdx);
    pTable->szTabRow = fakeIdx.szIdxRow;
  }
................................................................................
** stored in pIdx->aSample[]. 
*/
static void initAvgEq(Index *pIdx){
  if( pIdx ){
    IndexSample *aSample = pIdx->aSample;
    IndexSample *pFinal = &aSample[pIdx->nSample-1];
    int iCol;
    for(iCol=0; iCol<pIdx->nColumn; iCol++){
      int i;                    /* Used to iterate through samples */
      tRowcnt sumEq = 0;        /* Sum of the nEq values */
      tRowcnt nSum = 0;         /* Number of terms contributing to sumEq */
      tRowcnt avgEq = 0;
      tRowcnt nDLt = pFinal->anDLt[iCol];

      /* Set nSum to the number of distinct (iCol+1) field prefixes that
................................................................................
      }
      if( avgEq==0 ) avgEq = 1;
      pIdx->aAvgEq[iCol] = avgEq;
      if( pIdx->nSampleCol==1 ) break;
    }
  }
}


















/*
** Load the content from either the sqlite_stat4 or sqlite_stat3 table 
** into the relevant Index.aSample[] arrays.
**
** Arguments zSql1 and zSql2 must point to SQL statements that return
** data equivalent to the following (statements are different for stat3,
................................................................................
    int nByte;      /* Bytes of space required */
    int i;          /* Bytes of space required */
    tRowcnt *pSpace;

    zIndex = (char *)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, 0);
    if( zIndex==0 ) continue;
    nSample = sqlite3_column_int(pStmt, 1);
    pIdx = sqlite3FindIndex(db, zIndex, zDb);
    assert( pIdx==0 || bStat3 || pIdx->nSample==0 );
    /* Index.nSample is non-zero at this point if data has already been
    ** loaded from the stat4 table. In this case ignore stat3 data.  */
    if( pIdx==0 || pIdx->nSample ) continue;
    if( bStat3==0 ){
      nIdxCol = pIdx->nColumn+1;
      nAvgCol = pIdx->nColumn;
    }
    pIdx->nSampleCol = nIdxCol;
    nByte = sizeof(IndexSample) * nSample;
    nByte += sizeof(tRowcnt) * nIdxCol * 3 * nSample;
    nByte += nAvgCol * sizeof(tRowcnt);     /* Space for Index.aAvgEq[] */

    pIdx->aSample = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, nByte);
................................................................................
  while( sqlite3_step(pStmt)==SQLITE_ROW ){
    char *zIndex;                 /* Index name */
    Index *pIdx;                  /* Pointer to the index object */
    int nCol = 1;                 /* Number of columns in index */

    zIndex = (char *)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, 0);
    if( zIndex==0 ) continue;
    pIdx = sqlite3FindIndex(db, zIndex, zDb);
    if( pIdx==0 ) continue;
    /* This next condition is true if data has already been loaded from 
    ** the sqlite_stat4 table. In this case ignore stat3 data.  */
    nCol = pIdx->nSampleCol;
    if( bStat3 && nCol>1 ) continue;
    if( pIdx!=pPrevIdx ){
      initAvgEq(pPrevIdx);







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      }
    }
  }

  /* Open the sqlite_stat[134] tables for writing. */
  for(i=0; aTable[i].zCols; i++){
    assert( i<ArraySize(aTable) );
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_OpenWrite, iStatCur+i, aRoot[i], iDb, 3);

    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, aCreateTbl[i]);
  }
}

/*
** Recommended number of samples for sqlite_stat4
*/
................................................................................
typedef struct Stat4Accum Stat4Accum;
typedef struct Stat4Sample Stat4Sample;
struct Stat4Sample {
  tRowcnt *anEq;                  /* sqlite_stat4.nEq */
  tRowcnt *anDLt;                 /* sqlite_stat4.nDLt */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  tRowcnt *anLt;                  /* sqlite_stat4.nLt */
  union {
    i64 iRowid;                     /* Rowid in main table of the key */
    u8 *aRowid;                     /* Key for WITHOUT ROWID tables */
  } u;
  u32 nRowid;                     /* Sizeof aRowid[] */
  u8 isPSample;                   /* True if a periodic sample */
  int iCol;                       /* If !isPSample, the reason for inclusion */
  u32 iHash;                      /* Tiebreaker hash */
#endif
};                                                    
struct Stat4Accum {
  tRowcnt nRow;             /* Number of rows in the entire table */
  tRowcnt nPSample;         /* How often to do a periodic sample */
  int nCol;                 /* Number of columns in index + rowid */
  int mxSample;             /* Maximum number of samples to accumulate */
  Stat4Sample current;      /* Current row as a Stat4Sample */
  u32 iPrn;                 /* Pseudo-random number used for sampling */
  Stat4Sample *aBest;       /* Array of nCol best samples */
  int iMin;                 /* Index in a[] of entry with minimum score */
  int nSample;              /* Current number of samples */
  int iGet;                 /* Index of current sample accessed by stat_get() */
  Stat4Sample *a;           /* Array of mxSample Stat4Sample objects */
  sqlite3 *db;              /* Database connection, for malloc() */
};

/* Reclaim memory used by a Stat4Sample
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
static void sampleClear(sqlite3 *db, Stat4Sample *p){
  assert( db!=0 );
  if( p->nRowid ){
    sqlite3DbFree(db, p->u.aRowid);
    p->nRowid = 0;
  }
}
#endif

/* Initialize the BLOB value of a ROWID
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
static void sampleSetRowid(sqlite3 *db, Stat4Sample *p, int n, const u8 *pData){
  assert( db!=0 );
  if( p->nRowid ) sqlite3DbFree(db, p->u.aRowid);
  p->u.aRowid = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, n);
  if( p->u.aRowid ){
    p->nRowid = n;
    memcpy(p->u.aRowid, pData, n);
  }else{
    p->nRowid = 0;
  }
}
#endif

/* Initialize the INTEGER value of a ROWID.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
static void sampleSetRowidInt64(sqlite3 *db, Stat4Sample *p, i64 iRowid){
  assert( db!=0 );
  if( p->nRowid ) sqlite3DbFree(db, p->u.aRowid);
  p->nRowid = 0;
  p->u.iRowid = iRowid;
}
#endif


/*
** Copy the contents of object (*pFrom) into (*pTo).
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
static void sampleCopy(Stat4Accum *p, Stat4Sample *pTo, Stat4Sample *pFrom){
  pTo->isPSample = pFrom->isPSample;
  pTo->iCol = pFrom->iCol;
  pTo->iHash = pFrom->iHash;
  memcpy(pTo->anEq, pFrom->anEq, sizeof(tRowcnt)*p->nCol);
  memcpy(pTo->anLt, pFrom->anLt, sizeof(tRowcnt)*p->nCol);
  memcpy(pTo->anDLt, pFrom->anDLt, sizeof(tRowcnt)*p->nCol);
  if( pFrom->nRowid ){
    sampleSetRowid(p->db, pTo, pFrom->nRowid, pFrom->u.aRowid);
  }else{
    sampleSetRowidInt64(p->db, pTo, pFrom->u.iRowid);
  }
}
#endif

/*
** Reclaim all memory of a Stat4Accum structure.
*/
static void stat4Destructor(void *pOld){
  Stat4Accum *p = (Stat4Accum*)pOld;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  int i;
  for(i=0; i<p->nCol; i++) sampleClear(p->db, p->aBest+i);
  for(i=0; i<p->mxSample; i++) sampleClear(p->db, p->a+i);
  sampleClear(p->db, &p->current);
#endif
  sqlite3DbFree(p->db, p);
}

/*
** Implementation of the stat_init(N,C) SQL function. The two parameters
** are the number of rows in the table or index (C) and the number of columns
** in the index (N).  The second argument (C) is only used for STAT3 and STAT4.
**
** This routine allocates the Stat4Accum object in heap memory. The return 
................................................................................
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  Stat4Accum *p;
  int nCol;                       /* Number of columns in index being sampled */
  int nColUp;                     /* nCol rounded up for alignment */
  int n;                          /* Bytes of space to allocate */
  sqlite3 *db;                    /* Database connection */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  int mxSample = SQLITE_STAT4_SAMPLES;
#endif

  /* Decode the three function arguments */
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(argc);
  nCol = sqlite3_value_int(argv[0]);
................................................................................
    + sizeof(tRowcnt)*nColUp                  /* Stat4Accum.anDLt */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
    + sizeof(tRowcnt)*nColUp                  /* Stat4Accum.anLt */
    + sizeof(Stat4Sample)*(nCol+mxSample)     /* Stat4Accum.aBest[], a[] */
    + sizeof(tRowcnt)*3*nColUp*(nCol+mxSample)
#endif
  ;
  db = sqlite3_context_db_handle(context);
  p = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, n);
  if( p==0 ){
    sqlite3_result_error_nomem(context);
    return;
  }

  p->db = db;
  p->nRow = 0;
  p->nCol = nCol;
  p->current.anDLt = (tRowcnt*)&p[1];
  p->current.anEq = &p->current.anDLt[nColUp];

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  {
................................................................................
    for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
      p->aBest[i].iCol = i;
    }
  }
#endif

  /* Return a pointer to the allocated object to the caller */
  sqlite3_result_blob(context, p, sizeof(p), stat4Destructor);
}
static const FuncDef statInitFuncdef = {
  1+IsStat34,      /* nArg */
  SQLITE_UTF8,     /* funcFlags */
  0,               /* pUserData */
  0,               /* pNext */
  statInit,        /* xFunc */
................................................................................
  }
  return 0;
#else
  return (nEqNew==nEqOld && pNew->iHash>pOld->iHash);
#endif
}














/*
** Copy the contents of sample *pNew into the p->a[] array. If necessary,
** remove the least desirable sample from p->a[] to make room.
*/
static void sampleInsert(Stat4Accum *p, Stat4Sample *pNew, int nEqZero){
  Stat4Sample *pSample = 0;
  int i;

  assert( IsStat4 || nEqZero==0 );

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4
  if( pNew->isPSample==0 ){
    Stat4Sample *pUpgrade = 0;
................................................................................

  /* If necessary, remove sample iMin to make room for the new sample. */
  if( p->nSample>=p->mxSample ){
    Stat4Sample *pMin = &p->a[p->iMin];
    tRowcnt *anEq = pMin->anEq;
    tRowcnt *anLt = pMin->anLt;
    tRowcnt *anDLt = pMin->anDLt;
    sampleClear(p->db, pMin);
    memmove(pMin, &pMin[1], sizeof(p->a[0])*(p->nSample-p->iMin-1));
    pSample = &p->a[p->nSample-1];
    pSample->nRowid = 0;
    pSample->anEq = anEq;
    pSample->anDLt = anDLt;
    pSample->anLt = anLt;
    p->nSample = p->mxSample-1;
  }

  /* The "rows less-than" for the rowid column must be greater than that
................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  UNUSED_PARAMETER( p );
  UNUSED_PARAMETER( iChng );
#endif
}

/*
** Implementation of the stat_push SQL function:  stat_push(P,C,R)
** Arguments:
**
**    P     Pointer to the Stat4Accum object created by stat_init()
**    C     Index of left-most column to differ from previous row
**    R     Rowid for the current row.  Might be a key record for
**          WITHOUT ROWID tables.
**
** The SQL function always returns NULL.
**
** The R parameter is only used for STAT3 and STAT4
*/
static void statPush(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  int i;
................................................................................
      p->current.anLt[i] += p->current.anEq[i];
#endif
      p->current.anEq[i] = 1;
    }
  }
  p->nRow++;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  if( sqlite3_value_type(argv[2])==SQLITE_INTEGER ){
    sampleSetRowidInt64(p->db, &p->current, sqlite3_value_int64(argv[2]));
  }else{
    sampleSetRowid(p->db, &p->current, sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[2]),
                                       sqlite3_value_blob(argv[2]));
  }
  p->current.iHash = p->iPrn = p->iPrn*1103515245 + 12345;
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4
  {
    tRowcnt nLt = p->current.anLt[p->nCol-1];

................................................................................
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  else if( eCall==STAT_GET_ROWID ){
    if( p->iGet<0 ){
      samplePushPrevious(p, 0);
      p->iGet = 0;
    }
    if( p->iGet<p->nSample ){
      Stat4Sample *pS = p->a + p->iGet;
      if( pS->nRowid==0 ){
        sqlite3_result_int64(context, pS->u.iRowid);
      }else{
        sqlite3_result_blob(context, pS->u.aRowid, pS->nRowid,
                            SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
      }
    }
  }else{
    tRowcnt *aCnt = 0;

    assert( p->iGet<p->nSample );
    switch( eCall ){
      case STAT_GET_NEQ:  aCnt = p->a[p->iGet].anEq; break;
................................................................................
  iIdxCur = iTab++;
  pParse->nTab = MAX(pParse->nTab, iTab);
  sqlite3OpenTable(pParse, iTabCur, iDb, pTab, OP_OpenRead);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, regTabname, 0, pTab->zName, 0);

  for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
    int nCol;                     /* Number of columns indexed by pIdx */

    int *aGotoChng;               /* Array of jump instruction addresses */
    int addrRewind;               /* Address of "OP_Rewind iIdxCur" */
    int addrGotoChng0;            /* Address of "Goto addr_chng_0" */
    int addrNextRow;              /* Address of "next_row:" */
    const char *zIdxName;         /* Name of the index */

    if( pOnlyIdx && pOnlyIdx!=pIdx ) continue;
    if( pIdx->pPartIdxWhere==0 ) needTableCnt = 0;
    VdbeNoopComment((v, "Begin analysis of %s", pIdx->zName));
    nCol = pIdx->nKeyCol;
    aGotoChng = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, sizeof(int)*(nCol+1));
    if( aGotoChng==0 ) continue;


    /* Populate the register containing the index name. */
    if( pIdx->autoIndex==2 && !HasRowid(pTab) ){
      zIdxName = pTab->zName;
    }else{
      zIdxName = pIdx->zName;
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, regIdxname, 0, zIdxName, 0);

    /*
    ** Pseudo-code for loop that calls stat_push():
    **
    **   Rewind csr
    **   if eof(csr) goto end_of_scan;
    **   regChng = 0
................................................................................
    ** when building a record to insert into the sample column of 
    ** the sqlite_stat4 table.  */
    pParse->nMem = MAX(pParse->nMem, regPrev+nCol);

    /* Open a read-only cursor on the index being analyzed. */
    assert( iDb==sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pIdx->pSchema) );
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenRead, iIdxCur, pIdx->tnum, iDb);
    sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(pParse, pIdx);
    VdbeComment((v, "%s", pIdx->zName));

    /* Invoke the stat_init() function. The arguments are:
    ** 
    **    (1) the number of columns in the index including the rowid,
    **    (2) the number of rows in the index,
    **
................................................................................
    **   regRowid = idx(rowid)            // STAT34 only
    **   stat_push(P, regChng, regRowid)  // 3rd parameter STAT34 only
    **   Next csr
    **   if !eof(csr) goto next_row;
    */
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, aGotoChng[nCol]);
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4

    assert( regRowid==(regStat4+2) );
    if( HasRowid(pTab) ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxRowid, iIdxCur, regRowid);
    }else{
      Index *pPk = sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pIdx->pTable);
      int j, k, regKey;
      regKey = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, pPk->nKeyCol);
      for(j=0; j<pPk->nKeyCol; j++){
        k = sqlite3ColumnOfIndex(pIdx, pPk->aiColumn[j]);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iIdxCur, k, regKey+j);
        VdbeComment((v, "%s", pTab->aCol[pPk->aiColumn[j]].zName));
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regKey, pPk->nKeyCol, regRowid);
      sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, regKey, pPk->nKeyCol);
    }
#endif
    assert( regChng==(regStat4+1) );
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Function, 1, regStat4, regTemp);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char*)&statPushFuncdef, P4_FUNCDEF);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, 2+IsStat34);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iIdxCur, addrNextRow);

................................................................................
      int regLt = regStat1+1;
      int regDLt = regStat1+2;
      int regSample = regStat1+3;
      int regCol = regStat1+4;
      int regSampleRowid = regCol + nCol;
      int addrNext;
      int addrIsNull;
      u8 seekOp = HasRowid(pTab) ? OP_NotExists : OP_NotFound;

      pParse->nMem = MAX(pParse->nMem, regCol+nCol+1);

      addrNext = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
      callStatGet(v, regStat4, STAT_GET_ROWID, regSampleRowid);
      addrIsNull = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IsNull, regSampleRowid);
      callStatGet(v, regStat4, STAT_GET_NEQ, regEq);
      callStatGet(v, regStat4, STAT_GET_NLT, regLt);
      callStatGet(v, regStat4, STAT_GET_NDLT, regDLt);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, seekOp, iTabCur, addrNext, regSampleRowid, 0);
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
      sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, iTabCur, 
                                      pIdx->aiColumn[0], regSample);
#else
      for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
        i16 iCol = pIdx->aiColumn[i];
        sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, iTabCur, iCol, regCol+i);
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regCol, nCol+1, regSample);
#endif
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, regTabname, 6, regTemp, "bbbbbb", 0);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, iStatCur+1, regNewRowid);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, iStatCur+1, regTemp, regNewRowid);
................................................................................
    pIndex = sqlite3FindIndex(pInfo->db, argv[1], pInfo->zDatabase);
  }else{
    pIndex = 0;
  }
  z = argv[2];

  if( pIndex ){
    decodeIntArray((char*)z, pIndex->nKeyCol+1, pIndex->aiRowEst, pIndex);
    if( pIndex->pPartIdxWhere==0 ) pTable->nRowEst = pIndex->aiRowEst[0];
  }else{
    Index fakeIdx;
    fakeIdx.szIdxRow = pTable->szTabRow;
    decodeIntArray((char*)z, 1, &pTable->nRowEst, &fakeIdx);
    pTable->szTabRow = fakeIdx.szIdxRow;
  }
................................................................................
** stored in pIdx->aSample[]. 
*/
static void initAvgEq(Index *pIdx){
  if( pIdx ){
    IndexSample *aSample = pIdx->aSample;
    IndexSample *pFinal = &aSample[pIdx->nSample-1];
    int iCol;
    for(iCol=0; iCol<pIdx->nKeyCol; iCol++){
      int i;                    /* Used to iterate through samples */
      tRowcnt sumEq = 0;        /* Sum of the nEq values */
      tRowcnt nSum = 0;         /* Number of terms contributing to sumEq */
      tRowcnt avgEq = 0;
      tRowcnt nDLt = pFinal->anDLt[iCol];

      /* Set nSum to the number of distinct (iCol+1) field prefixes that
................................................................................
      }
      if( avgEq==0 ) avgEq = 1;
      pIdx->aAvgEq[iCol] = avgEq;
      if( pIdx->nSampleCol==1 ) break;
    }
  }
}

/*
** Look up an index by name.  Or, if the name of a WITHOUT ROWID table
** is supplied instead, find the PRIMARY KEY index for that table.
*/
static Index *findIndexOrPrimaryKey(
  sqlite3 *db,
  const char *zName,
  const char *zDb
){
  Index *pIdx = sqlite3FindIndex(db, zName, zDb);
  if( pIdx==0 ){
    Table *pTab = sqlite3FindTable(db, zName, zDb);
    if( pTab && !HasRowid(pTab) ) pIdx = sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pTab);
  }
  return pIdx;
}

/*
** Load the content from either the sqlite_stat4 or sqlite_stat3 table 
** into the relevant Index.aSample[] arrays.
**
** Arguments zSql1 and zSql2 must point to SQL statements that return
** data equivalent to the following (statements are different for stat3,
................................................................................
    int nByte;      /* Bytes of space required */
    int i;          /* Bytes of space required */
    tRowcnt *pSpace;

    zIndex = (char *)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, 0);
    if( zIndex==0 ) continue;
    nSample = sqlite3_column_int(pStmt, 1);
    pIdx = findIndexOrPrimaryKey(db, zIndex, zDb);
    assert( pIdx==0 || bStat3 || pIdx->nSample==0 );
    /* Index.nSample is non-zero at this point if data has already been
    ** loaded from the stat4 table. In this case ignore stat3 data.  */
    if( pIdx==0 || pIdx->nSample ) continue;
    if( bStat3==0 ){
      nIdxCol = pIdx->nKeyCol+1;
      nAvgCol = pIdx->nKeyCol;
    }
    pIdx->nSampleCol = nIdxCol;
    nByte = sizeof(IndexSample) * nSample;
    nByte += sizeof(tRowcnt) * nIdxCol * 3 * nSample;
    nByte += nAvgCol * sizeof(tRowcnt);     /* Space for Index.aAvgEq[] */

    pIdx->aSample = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, nByte);
................................................................................
  while( sqlite3_step(pStmt)==SQLITE_ROW ){
    char *zIndex;                 /* Index name */
    Index *pIdx;                  /* Pointer to the index object */
    int nCol = 1;                 /* Number of columns in index */

    zIndex = (char *)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, 0);
    if( zIndex==0 ) continue;
    pIdx = findIndexOrPrimaryKey(db, zIndex, zDb);
    if( pIdx==0 ) continue;
    /* This next condition is true if data has already been loaded from 
    ** the sqlite_stat4 table. In this case ignore stat3 data.  */
    nCol = pIdx->nSampleCol;
    if( bStat3 && nCol>1 ) continue;
    if( pIdx!=pPrevIdx ){
      initAvgEq(pPrevIdx);

Changes to src/btree.c.

680
681
682
683
684
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686
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689
690
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693
694
  const void *pKey,   /* Packed key if the btree is an index */
  i64 nKey,           /* Integer key for tables.  Size of pKey for indices */
  int bias,           /* Bias search to the high end */
  int *pRes           /* Write search results here */
){
  int rc;                    /* Status code */
  UnpackedRecord *pIdxKey;   /* Unpacked index key */
  char aSpace[150];          /* Temp space for pIdxKey - to avoid a malloc */
  char *pFree = 0;

  if( pKey ){
    assert( nKey==(i64)(int)nKey );
    pIdxKey = sqlite3VdbeAllocUnpackedRecord(
        pCur->pKeyInfo, aSpace, sizeof(aSpace), &pFree
    );







|







680
681
682
683
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686
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689
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693
694
  const void *pKey,   /* Packed key if the btree is an index */
  i64 nKey,           /* Integer key for tables.  Size of pKey for indices */
  int bias,           /* Bias search to the high end */
  int *pRes           /* Write search results here */
){
  int rc;                    /* Status code */
  UnpackedRecord *pIdxKey;   /* Unpacked index key */
  char aSpace[200];          /* Temp space for pIdxKey - to avoid a malloc */
  char *pFree = 0;

  if( pKey ){
    assert( nKey==(i64)(int)nKey );
    pIdxKey = sqlite3VdbeAllocUnpackedRecord(
        pCur->pKeyInfo, aSpace, sizeof(aSpace), &pFree
    );

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3886
/*
** Reclaim the memory used by an index
*/
static void freeIndex(sqlite3 *db, Index *p){
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_ANALYZE
  sqlite3DeleteIndexSamples(db, p);
#endif

  sqlite3ExprDelete(db, p->pPartIdxWhere);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p->zColAff);

  sqlite3DbFree(db, p);
}

/*
** For the index called zIdxName which is found in the database iDb,
** unlike that index from its Table then remove the index from
** the index hash table and free all memory structures associated
................................................................................
/*
** Open the sqlite_master table stored in database number iDb for
** writing. The table is opened using cursor 0.
*/
void sqlite3OpenMasterTable(Parse *p, int iDb){
  Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(p);
  sqlite3TableLock(p, iDb, MASTER_ROOT, 1, SCHEMA_TABLE(iDb));
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenWrite, 0, MASTER_ROOT, iDb);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char *)5, P4_INT32);  /* 5 column table */
  if( p->nTab==0 ){
    p->nTab = 1;
  }
}

/*
** Parameter zName points to a nul-terminated buffer containing the name
................................................................................
          && (pParse->db->flags & SQLITE_WriteSchema)==0
          && 0==sqlite3StrNICmp(zName, "sqlite_", 7) ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "object name reserved for internal use: %s", zName);
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}






















/*
** Begin constructing a new table representation in memory.  This is
** the first of several action routines that get called in response
** to a CREATE TABLE statement.  In particular, this routine is called
** after seeing tokens "CREATE" and "TABLE" and the table name. The isTemp
** flag is true if the table should be stored in the auxiliary database
................................................................................
    */
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE)
    if( isView || isVirtual ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, reg2);
    }else
#endif
    {
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_CreateTable, iDb, reg2);
    }
    sqlite3OpenMasterTable(pParse, iDb);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, 0, reg1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, reg3);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, 0, reg3, reg1);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_APPEND);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Close);
................................................................................
  int onError,      /* What to do with a uniqueness conflict */
  int autoInc,      /* True if the AUTOINCREMENT keyword is present */
  int sortOrder     /* SQLITE_SO_ASC or SQLITE_SO_DESC */
){
  Table *pTab = pParse->pNewTable;
  char *zType = 0;
  int iCol = -1, i;

  if( pTab==0 || IN_DECLARE_VTAB ) goto primary_key_exit;
  if( pTab->tabFlags & TF_HasPrimaryKey ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, 
      "table \"%s\" has more than one primary key", pTab->zName);
    goto primary_key_exit;
  }
  pTab->tabFlags |= TF_HasPrimaryKey;
  if( pList==0 ){
    iCol = pTab->nCol - 1;
    pTab->aCol[iCol].colFlags |= COLFLAG_PRIMKEY;


  }else{
    for(i=0; i<pList->nExpr; i++){

      for(iCol=0; iCol<pTab->nCol; iCol++){
        if( sqlite3StrICmp(pList->a[i].zName, pTab->aCol[iCol].zName)==0 ){


          break;
        }
      }
      if( iCol<pTab->nCol ){
        pTab->aCol[iCol].colFlags |= COLFLAG_PRIMKEY;
      }
    }
    if( pList->nExpr>1 ) iCol = -1;
  }
  if( iCol>=0 && iCol<pTab->nCol ){
    zType = pTab->aCol[iCol].zType;
  }

  if( zType && sqlite3StrICmp(zType, "INTEGER")==0
        && sortOrder==SQLITE_SO_ASC ){

    pTab->iPKey = iCol;
    pTab->keyConf = (u8)onError;
    assert( autoInc==0 || autoInc==1 );
    pTab->tabFlags |= autoInc*TF_Autoincrement;

  }else if( autoInc ){
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINCREMENT
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "AUTOINCREMENT is only allowed on an "
       "INTEGER PRIMARY KEY");
#endif
  }else{

    Index *p;

    p = sqlite3CreateIndex(pParse, 0, 0, 0, pList, onError, 0,
                           0, sortOrder, 0);
    if( p ){
      p->autoIndex = 2;

    }
    pList = 0;
  }

primary_key_exit:
  sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, pList);
  return;
................................................................................
    p->aCol[i].zColl = zColl;
  
    /* If the column is declared as "<name> PRIMARY KEY COLLATE <type>",
    ** then an index may have been created on this column before the
    ** collation type was added. Correct this if it is the case.
    */
    for(pIdx=p->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
      assert( pIdx->nColumn==1 );
      if( pIdx->aiColumn[0]==i ){
        pIdx->azColl[0] = p->aCol[i].zColl;
      }
    }
  }else{
    sqlite3DbFree(db, zColl);
  }
................................................................................
    memcpy(&zStmt[k], zType, len);
    k += len;
    assert( k<=n );
  }
  sqlite3_snprintf(n-k, &zStmt[k], "%s", zEnd);
  return zStmt;
}


























/*
** Estimate the total row width for a table.
*/
static void estimateTableWidth(Table *pTab){
  unsigned wTable = 0;
  const Column *pTabCol;
................................................................................
  pTab->szTabRow = sqlite3LogEst(wTable*4);
}

/*
** Estimate the average size of a row for an index.
*/
static void estimateIndexWidth(Index *pIdx){
  unsigned wIndex = 1;
  int i;
  const Column *aCol = pIdx->pTable->aCol;
  for(i=0; i<pIdx->nColumn; i++){

    assert( pIdx->aiColumn[i]>=0 && pIdx->aiColumn[i]<pIdx->pTable->nCol );
    wIndex += aCol[pIdx->aiColumn[i]].szEst;
  }
  pIdx->szIdxRow = sqlite3LogEst(wIndex*4);
}




































































































































/*
** This routine is called to report the final ")" that terminates
** a CREATE TABLE statement.
**
** The table structure that other action routines have been building
** is added to the internal hash tables, assuming no errors have
................................................................................
** was called to create a table generated from a 
** "CREATE TABLE ... AS SELECT ..." statement.  The column names of
** the new table will match the result set of the SELECT.
*/
void sqlite3EndTable(
  Parse *pParse,          /* Parse context */
  Token *pCons,           /* The ',' token after the last column defn. */
  Token *pEnd,            /* The final ')' token in the CREATE TABLE */

  Select *pSelect         /* Select from a "CREATE ... AS SELECT" */
){
  Table *p;                 /* The new table */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db; /* The database connection */
  int iDb;                  /* Database in which the table lives */
  Index *pIdx;              /* An implied index of the table */

................................................................................
  if( (pEnd==0 && pSelect==0) || db->mallocFailed ){
    return;
  }
  p = pParse->pNewTable;
  if( p==0 ) return;

  assert( !db->init.busy || !pSelect );


























  iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, p->pSchema);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK
  /* Resolve names in all CHECK constraint expressions.
  */
  if( p->pCheck ){
................................................................................

  /* Estimate the average row size for the table and for all implied indices */
  estimateTableWidth(p);
  for(pIdx=p->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
    estimateIndexWidth(pIdx);
  }

  /* If the db->init.busy is 1 it means we are reading the SQL off the
  ** "sqlite_master" or "sqlite_temp_master" table on the disk.
  ** So do not write to the disk again.  Extract the root page number
  ** for the table from the db->init.newTnum field.  (The page number
  ** should have been put there by the sqliteOpenCb routine.)
  */
  if( db->init.busy ){
    p->tnum = db->init.newTnum;
  }

  /* If not initializing, then create a record for the new table
  ** in the SQLITE_MASTER table of the database.
  **
  ** If this is a TEMPORARY table, write the entry into the auxiliary
  ** file instead of into the main database file.
  */
  if( !db->init.busy ){
................................................................................
      }
    }

    /* Compute the complete text of the CREATE statement */
    if( pSelect ){
      zStmt = createTableStmt(db, p);
    }else{

      n = (int)(pEnd->z - pParse->sNameToken.z) + 1;

      zStmt = sqlite3MPrintf(db, 
          "CREATE %s %.*s", zType2, n, pParse->sNameToken.z
      );
    }

    /* A slot for the record has already been allocated in the 
    ** SQLITE_MASTER table.  We just need to update that slot with all
................................................................................
  n = (int)(sEnd.z - pBegin->z);
  z = pBegin->z;
  while( ALWAYS(n>0) && sqlite3Isspace(z[n-1]) ){ n--; }
  sEnd.z = &z[n-1];
  sEnd.n = 1;

  /* Use sqlite3EndTable() to add the view to the SQLITE_MASTER table */
  sqlite3EndTable(pParse, 0, &sEnd, 0);
  return;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW */

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE)
/*
** The Table structure pTable is really a VIEW.  Fill in the names of
................................................................................
}

/*
** This routine is called to create a new foreign key on the table
** currently under construction.  pFromCol determines which columns
** in the current table point to the foreign key.  If pFromCol==0 then
** connect the key to the last column inserted.  pTo is the name of
** the table referred to.  pToCol is a list of tables in the other
** pTo table that the foreign key points to.  flags contains all
** information about the conflict resolution algorithms specified
** in the ON DELETE, ON UPDATE and ON INSERT clauses.
**
** An FKey structure is created and added to the table currently
** under construction in the pParse->pNewTable field.
**
** The foreign key is set for IMMEDIATE processing.  A subsequent call
................................................................................

  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( v==0 ) return;
  if( memRootPage>=0 ){
    tnum = memRootPage;
  }else{
    tnum = pIndex->tnum;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Clear, tnum, iDb);
  }
  pKey = sqlite3IndexKeyinfo(pParse, pIndex);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_OpenWrite, iIdx, tnum, iDb, 
                    (char *)pKey, P4_KEYINFO_HANDOFF);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_BULKCSR|((memRootPage>=0)?OPFLAG_P2ISREG:0));

  /* Open the sorter cursor if we are to use one. */
  iSorter = pParse->nTab++;
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_SorterOpen, iSorter, 0, 0, (char*)pKey, P4_KEYINFO);


  /* Open the table. Loop through all rows of the table, inserting index
  ** records into the sorter. */
  sqlite3OpenTable(pParse, iTab, iDb, pTab, OP_OpenRead);
  addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iTab, 0);
  regRecord = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);

  sqlite3GenerateIndexKey(pParse, pIndex, iTab, regRecord, 1, &iPartIdxLabel);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SorterInsert, iSorter, regRecord);
  sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iPartIdxLabel);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iTab, addr1+1);
  sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr1);





  addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SorterSort, iSorter, 0);

  if( pIndex->onError!=OE_None ){
    int j2 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v) + 3;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, j2);
    addr2 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_SorterCompare, iSorter, j2, regRecord);

    sqlite3HaltConstraint(pParse, SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_UNIQUE,
        OE_Abort, "indexed columns are not unique", P4_STATIC
    );
  }else{
    addr2 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
  }
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SorterData, iSorter, regRecord);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_IdxInsert, iIdx, regRecord, 1);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT);
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regRecord);
................................................................................
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SorterNext, iSorter, addr2);
  sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr1);

  sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, iTab);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, iIdx);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, iSorter);
}




































/*
** Create a new index for an SQL table.  pName1.pName2 is the name of the index 
** and pTblList is the name of the table that is to be indexed.  Both will 
** be NULL for a primary key or an index that is created to satisfy a
** UNIQUE constraint.  If pTable and pIndex are NULL, use pParse->pNewTable
** as the table to be indexed.  pParse->pNewTable is a table that is
................................................................................
){
  Index *pRet = 0;     /* Pointer to return */
  Table *pTab = 0;     /* Table to be indexed */
  Index *pIndex = 0;   /* The index to be created */
  char *zName = 0;     /* Name of the index */
  int nName;           /* Number of characters in zName */
  int i, j;
  Token nullId;        /* Fake token for an empty ID list */
  DbFixer sFix;        /* For assigning database names to pTable */
  int sortOrderMask;   /* 1 to honor DESC in index.  0 to ignore. */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  Db *pDb;             /* The specific table containing the indexed database */
  int iDb;             /* Index of the database that is being written */
  Token *pName = 0;    /* Unqualified name of the index to create */
  struct ExprList_item *pListItem; /* For looping over pList */
  const Column *pTabCol;           /* A column in the table */
  int nCol;                        /* Number of columns */
  int nExtra = 0;                  /* Space allocated for zExtra[] */

  char *zExtra;                    /* Extra space after the Index object */


  assert( pParse->nErr==0 );      /* Never called with prior errors */
  if( db->mallocFailed || IN_DECLARE_VTAB ){
    goto exit_create_index;
  }
  if( SQLITE_OK!=sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ){
    goto exit_create_index;
................................................................................
    if( pTab==0 ) goto exit_create_index;
    if( iDb==1 && db->aDb[iDb].pSchema!=pTab->pSchema ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, 
           "cannot create a TEMP index on non-TEMP table \"%s\"",
           pTab->zName);
      goto exit_create_index;
    }

  }else{
    assert( pName==0 );
    assert( pStart==0 );
    pTab = pParse->pNewTable;
    if( !pTab ) goto exit_create_index;
    iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pTab->pSchema);
  }
................................................................................
#endif

  /* If pList==0, it means this routine was called to make a primary
  ** key out of the last column added to the table under construction.
  ** So create a fake list to simulate this.
  */
  if( pList==0 ){
    nullId.z = pTab->aCol[pTab->nCol-1].zName;
    nullId.n = sqlite3Strlen30((char*)nullId.z);
    pList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, 0, 0);
    if( pList==0 ) goto exit_create_index;
    sqlite3ExprListSetName(pParse, pList, &nullId, 0);


    pList->a[0].sortOrder = (u8)sortOrder;
  }

  /* Figure out how many bytes of space are required to store explicitly
  ** specified collation sequence names.
  */
  for(i=0; i<pList->nExpr; i++){
................................................................................
    }
  }

  /* 
  ** Allocate the index structure. 
  */
  nName = sqlite3Strlen30(zName);
  nCol = pList->nExpr;
  pIndex = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, 
      ROUND8(sizeof(Index)) +              /* Index structure  */
      ROUND8(sizeof(tRowcnt)*(nCol+1)) +   /* Index.aiRowEst   */
      sizeof(char *)*nCol +                /* Index.azColl     */
      sizeof(int)*nCol +                   /* Index.aiColumn   */
      sizeof(u8)*nCol +                    /* Index.aSortOrder */
      nName + 1 +                          /* Index.zName      */
      nExtra                               /* Collation sequence names */
  );
  if( db->mallocFailed ){
    goto exit_create_index;
  }
  zExtra = (char*)pIndex;
  pIndex->aiRowEst = (tRowcnt*)&zExtra[ROUND8(sizeof(Index))];
  pIndex->azColl = (char**)
     ((char*)pIndex->aiRowEst + ROUND8(sizeof(tRowcnt)*nCol+1));
  assert( EIGHT_BYTE_ALIGNMENT(pIndex->aiRowEst) );
  assert( EIGHT_BYTE_ALIGNMENT(pIndex->azColl) );
  pIndex->aiColumn = (int *)(&pIndex->azColl[nCol]);
  pIndex->aSortOrder = (u8 *)(&pIndex->aiColumn[nCol]);
  pIndex->zName = (char *)(&pIndex->aSortOrder[nCol]);
  zExtra = (char *)(&pIndex->zName[nName+1]);

  memcpy(pIndex->zName, zName, nName+1);
  pIndex->pTable = pTab;
  pIndex->nColumn = pList->nExpr;
  pIndex->onError = (u8)onError;
  pIndex->uniqNotNull = onError==OE_Abort;
  pIndex->autoIndex = (u8)(pName==0);
  pIndex->pSchema = db->aDb[iDb].pSchema;

  if( pPIWhere ){
    sqlite3ResolveSelfReference(pParse, pTab, NC_PartIdx, pPIWhere, 0);
    pIndex->pPartIdxWhere = pPIWhere;
    pPIWhere = 0;
  }
  assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, iDb, 0) );

................................................................................
    }
    if( j>=pTab->nCol ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "table %s has no column named %s",
        pTab->zName, zColName);
      pParse->checkSchema = 1;
      goto exit_create_index;
    }

    pIndex->aiColumn[i] = j;
    if( pListItem->pExpr ){
      int nColl;
      assert( pListItem->pExpr->op==TK_COLLATE );
      zColl = pListItem->pExpr->u.zToken;
      nColl = sqlite3Strlen30(zColl) + 1;
      assert( nExtra>=nColl );
      memcpy(zExtra, zColl, nColl);
................................................................................
      goto exit_create_index;
    }
    pIndex->azColl[i] = zColl;
    requestedSortOrder = pListItem->sortOrder & sortOrderMask;
    pIndex->aSortOrder[i] = (u8)requestedSortOrder;
    if( pTab->aCol[j].notNull==0 ) pIndex->uniqNotNull = 0;
  }

















  sqlite3DefaultRowEst(pIndex);
  if( pParse->pNewTable==0 ) estimateIndexWidth(pIndex);

  if( pTab==pParse->pNewTable ){
    /* This routine has been called to create an automatic index as a
    ** result of a PRIMARY KEY or UNIQUE clause on a column definition, or
    ** a PRIMARY KEY or UNIQUE clause following the column definitions.
................................................................................
    Index *pIdx;
    for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
      int k;
      assert( pIdx->onError!=OE_None );
      assert( pIdx->autoIndex );
      assert( pIndex->onError!=OE_None );

      if( pIdx->nColumn!=pIndex->nColumn ) continue;
      for(k=0; k<pIdx->nColumn; k++){
        const char *z1;
        const char *z2;
        if( pIdx->aiColumn[k]!=pIndex->aiColumn[k] ) break;
        z1 = pIdx->azColl[k];
        z2 = pIndex->azColl[k];
        if( z1!=z2 && sqlite3StrICmp(z1, z2) ) break;
      }
      if( k==pIdx->nColumn ){
        if( pIdx->onError!=pIndex->onError ){
          /* This constraint creates the same index as a previous
          ** constraint specified somewhere in the CREATE TABLE statement.
          ** However the ON CONFLICT clauses are different. If both this 
          ** constraint and the previous equivalent constraint have explicit
          ** ON CONFLICT clauses this is an error. Otherwise, use the
          ** explicitly specified behavior for the index.
................................................................................
    }
    db->flags |= SQLITE_InternChanges;
    if( pTblName!=0 ){
      pIndex->tnum = db->init.newTnum;
    }
  }

  /* If the db->init.busy is 0 then create the index on disk.  This
  ** involves writing the index into the master table and filling in the
  ** index with the current table contents.
  **
  ** The db->init.busy is 0 when the user first enters a CREATE INDEX 
  ** command.  db->init.busy is 1 when a database is opened and 
  ** CREATE INDEX statements are read out of the master table.  In
  ** the latter case the index already exists on disk, which is why
  ** we don't want to recreate it.
  **
  ** If pTblName==0 it means this index is generated as a primary key
  ** or UNIQUE constraint of a CREATE TABLE statement.  Since the table
  ** has just been created, it contains no data and the index initialization
  ** step can be skipped.
  */
  else if( pParse->nErr==0 ){
    Vdbe *v;
    char *zStmt;
    int iMem = ++pParse->nMem;

    v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
    if( v==0 ) goto exit_create_index;

................................................................................
  tRowcnt *a = pIdx->aiRowEst;
  int i;
  tRowcnt n;
  assert( a!=0 );
  a[0] = pIdx->pTable->nRowEst;
  if( a[0]<10 ) a[0] = 10;
  n = 10;
  for(i=1; i<=pIdx->nColumn; i++){
    a[i] = n;
    if( n>5 ) n--;
  }
  if( pIdx->onError!=OE_None ){
    a[pIdx->nColumn] = 1;
  }
}

/*
** This routine will drop an existing named index.  This routine
** implements the DROP INDEX statement.
*/
................................................................................
** and/or current transaction is rolled back.
*/
void sqlite3HaltConstraint(
  Parse *pParse,    /* Parsing context */
  int errCode,      /* extended error code */
  int onError,      /* Constraint type */
  char *p4,         /* Error message */
  int p4type        /* P4_STATIC or P4_TRANSIENT */

){
  Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  assert( (errCode&0xff)==SQLITE_CONSTRAINT );
  if( onError==OE_Abort ){
    sqlite3MayAbort(pParse);
  }
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Halt, errCode, onError, 0, p4, p4type);




















































}

/*
** Check to see if pIndex uses the collating sequence pColl.  Return
** true if it does and false if it does not.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_REINDEX
static int collationMatch(const char *zColl, Index *pIndex){
  int i;
  assert( zColl!=0 );
  for(i=0; i<pIndex->nColumn; i++){
    const char *z = pIndex->azColl[i];
    assert( z!=0 );
    if( 0==sqlite3StrICmp(z, zColl) ){
      return 1;
    }
  }
  return 0;
}
#endif

................................................................................
    return;
  }
  sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "unable to identify the object to be reindexed");
}
#endif

/*
** Return a dynamicly allocated KeyInfo structure that can be used
** with OP_OpenRead or OP_OpenWrite to access database index pIdx.
**

** If successful, a pointer to the new structure is returned. In this case
** the caller is responsible for calling sqlite3DbFree(db, ) on the returned 
** pointer. If an error occurs (out of memory or missing collation 
** sequence), NULL is returned and the state of pParse updated to reflect
** the error.
*/
KeyInfo *sqlite3IndexKeyinfo(Parse *pParse, Index *pIdx){








  int i;
  int nCol = pIdx->nColumn;

  KeyInfo *pKey;





  pKey = sqlite3KeyInfoAlloc(pParse->db, nCol);
  if( pKey ){

    for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
      char *zColl = pIdx->azColl[i];
      assert( zColl );

      pKey->aColl[i] = sqlite3LocateCollSeq(pParse, zColl);
      pKey->aSortOrder[i] = pIdx->aSortOrder[i];
    }




  }

  if( pParse->nErr ){
    sqlite3DbFree(pParse->db, pKey);
    pKey = 0;
  }
  return pKey;

}







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...
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977
978
....
1232
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....
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....
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/*
** Reclaim the memory used by an index
*/
static void freeIndex(sqlite3 *db, Index *p){
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_ANALYZE
  sqlite3DeleteIndexSamples(db, p);
#endif
  if( db==0 || db->pnBytesFreed==0 ) sqlite3KeyInfoUnref(p->pKeyInfo);
  sqlite3ExprDelete(db, p->pPartIdxWhere);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p->zColAff);
  if( p->isResized ) sqlite3DbFree(db, p->azColl);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p);
}

/*
** For the index called zIdxName which is found in the database iDb,
** unlike that index from its Table then remove the index from
** the index hash table and free all memory structures associated
................................................................................
/*
** Open the sqlite_master table stored in database number iDb for
** writing. The table is opened using cursor 0.
*/
void sqlite3OpenMasterTable(Parse *p, int iDb){
  Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(p);
  sqlite3TableLock(p, iDb, MASTER_ROOT, 1, SCHEMA_TABLE(iDb));
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_OpenWrite, 0, MASTER_ROOT, iDb, 5);

  if( p->nTab==0 ){
    p->nTab = 1;
  }
}

/*
** Parameter zName points to a nul-terminated buffer containing the name
................................................................................
          && (pParse->db->flags & SQLITE_WriteSchema)==0
          && 0==sqlite3StrNICmp(zName, "sqlite_", 7) ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "object name reserved for internal use: %s", zName);
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Return the PRIMARY KEY index of a table
*/
Index *sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(Table *pTab){
  Index *p;
  for(p=pTab->pIndex; p && p->autoIndex!=2; p=p->pNext){}
  return p;
}

/*
** Return the column of index pIdx that corresponds to table
** column iCol.  Return -1 if not found.
*/
i16 sqlite3ColumnOfIndex(Index *pIdx, i16 iCol){
  int i;
  for(i=0; i<pIdx->nColumn; i++){
    if( iCol==pIdx->aiColumn[i] ) return i;
  }
  return -1;
}

/*
** Begin constructing a new table representation in memory.  This is
** the first of several action routines that get called in response
** to a CREATE TABLE statement.  In particular, this routine is called
** after seeing tokens "CREATE" and "TABLE" and the table name. The isTemp
** flag is true if the table should be stored in the auxiliary database
................................................................................
    */
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE)
    if( isView || isVirtual ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, reg2);
    }else
#endif
    {
      pParse->addrCrTab = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_CreateTable, iDb, reg2);
    }
    sqlite3OpenMasterTable(pParse, iDb);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, 0, reg1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, reg3);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, 0, reg3, reg1);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_APPEND);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Close);
................................................................................
  int onError,      /* What to do with a uniqueness conflict */
  int autoInc,      /* True if the AUTOINCREMENT keyword is present */
  int sortOrder     /* SQLITE_SO_ASC or SQLITE_SO_DESC */
){
  Table *pTab = pParse->pNewTable;
  char *zType = 0;
  int iCol = -1, i;
  int nTerm;
  if( pTab==0 || IN_DECLARE_VTAB ) goto primary_key_exit;
  if( pTab->tabFlags & TF_HasPrimaryKey ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, 
      "table \"%s\" has more than one primary key", pTab->zName);
    goto primary_key_exit;
  }
  pTab->tabFlags |= TF_HasPrimaryKey;
  if( pList==0 ){
    iCol = pTab->nCol - 1;
    pTab->aCol[iCol].colFlags |= COLFLAG_PRIMKEY;
    zType = pTab->aCol[iCol].zType;
    nTerm = 1;
  }else{
    nTerm = pList->nExpr;
    for(i=0; i<nTerm; i++){
      for(iCol=0; iCol<pTab->nCol; iCol++){
        if( sqlite3StrICmp(pList->a[i].zName, pTab->aCol[iCol].zName)==0 ){
          pTab->aCol[iCol].colFlags |= COLFLAG_PRIMKEY;
          zType = pTab->aCol[iCol].zType;
          break;
        }
      }


    }
  }





  if( nTerm==1
   && zType && sqlite3StrICmp(zType, "INTEGER")==0
   && sortOrder==SQLITE_SO_ASC
  ){
    pTab->iPKey = iCol;
    pTab->keyConf = (u8)onError;
    assert( autoInc==0 || autoInc==1 );
    pTab->tabFlags |= autoInc*TF_Autoincrement;
    if( pList ) pParse->iPkSortOrder = pList->a[0].sortOrder;
  }else if( autoInc ){
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINCREMENT
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "AUTOINCREMENT is only allowed on an "
       "INTEGER PRIMARY KEY");
#endif
  }else{
    Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
    Index *p;
    if( v ) pParse->addrSkipPK = sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Noop);
    p = sqlite3CreateIndex(pParse, 0, 0, 0, pList, onError, 0,
                           0, sortOrder, 0);
    if( p ){
      p->autoIndex = 2;
      if( v ) sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, pParse->addrSkipPK);
    }
    pList = 0;
  }

primary_key_exit:
  sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, pList);
  return;
................................................................................
    p->aCol[i].zColl = zColl;
  
    /* If the column is declared as "<name> PRIMARY KEY COLLATE <type>",
    ** then an index may have been created on this column before the
    ** collation type was added. Correct this if it is the case.
    */
    for(pIdx=p->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
      assert( pIdx->nKeyCol==1 );
      if( pIdx->aiColumn[0]==i ){
        pIdx->azColl[0] = p->aCol[i].zColl;
      }
    }
  }else{
    sqlite3DbFree(db, zColl);
  }
................................................................................
    memcpy(&zStmt[k], zType, len);
    k += len;
    assert( k<=n );
  }
  sqlite3_snprintf(n-k, &zStmt[k], "%s", zEnd);
  return zStmt;
}

/*
** Resize an Index object to hold N columns total.  Return SQLITE_OK
** on success and SQLITE_NOMEM on an OOM error.
*/
static int resizeIndexObject(sqlite3 *db, Index *pIdx, int N){
  char *zExtra;
  int nByte;
  if( pIdx->nColumn>=N ) return SQLITE_OK;
  assert( pIdx->isResized==0 );
  nByte = (sizeof(char*) + sizeof(i16) + 1)*N;
  zExtra = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, nByte);
  if( zExtra==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  memcpy(zExtra, pIdx->azColl, sizeof(char*)*pIdx->nColumn);
  pIdx->azColl = (char**)zExtra;
  zExtra += sizeof(char*)*N;
  memcpy(zExtra, pIdx->aiColumn, sizeof(i16)*pIdx->nColumn);
  pIdx->aiColumn = (i16*)zExtra;
  zExtra += sizeof(i16)*N;
  memcpy(zExtra, pIdx->aSortOrder, pIdx->nColumn);
  pIdx->aSortOrder = (u8*)zExtra;
  pIdx->nColumn = N;
  pIdx->isResized = 1;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Estimate the total row width for a table.
*/
static void estimateTableWidth(Table *pTab){
  unsigned wTable = 0;
  const Column *pTabCol;
................................................................................
  pTab->szTabRow = sqlite3LogEst(wTable*4);
}

/*
** Estimate the average size of a row for an index.
*/
static void estimateIndexWidth(Index *pIdx){
  unsigned wIndex = 0;
  int i;
  const Column *aCol = pIdx->pTable->aCol;
  for(i=0; i<pIdx->nColumn; i++){
    i16 x = pIdx->aiColumn[i];
    assert( x<pIdx->pTable->nCol );
    wIndex += x<0 ? 1 : aCol[pIdx->aiColumn[i]].szEst;
  }
  pIdx->szIdxRow = sqlite3LogEst(wIndex*4);
}

/* Return true if value x is found any of the first nCol entries of aiCol[]
*/
static int hasColumn(const i16 *aiCol, int nCol, int x){
  while( nCol-- > 0 ) if( x==*(aiCol++) ) return 1;
  return 0;
}

/*
** This routine runs at the end of parsing a CREATE TABLE statement that
** has a WITHOUT ROWID clause.  The job of this routine is to convert both
** internal schema data structures and the generated VDBE code so that they
** are appropriate for a WITHOUT ROWID table instead of a rowid table.
** Changes include:
**
**     (1)  Convert the OP_CreateTable into an OP_CreateIndex.  There is
**          no rowid btree for a WITHOUT ROWID.  Instead, the canonical
**          data storage is a covering index btree.
**     (2)  Bypass the creation of the sqlite_master table entry
**          for the PRIMARY KEY as the the primary key index is now
**          identified by the sqlite_master table entry of the table itself.
**     (3)  Set the Index.tnum of the PRIMARY KEY Index object in the
**          schema to the rootpage from the main table.
**     (4)  Set all columns of the PRIMARY KEY schema object to be NOT NULL.
**     (5)  Add all table columns to the PRIMARY KEY Index object
**          so that the PRIMARY KEY is a covering index.  The surplus
**          columns are part of KeyInfo.nXField and are not used for
**          sorting or lookup or uniqueness checks.
**     (6)  Replace the rowid tail on all automatically generated UNIQUE
**          indices with the PRIMARY KEY columns.
*/
static void convertToWithoutRowidTable(Parse *pParse, Table *pTab){
  Index *pIdx;
  Index *pPk;
  int nPk;
  int i, j;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;

  /* Convert the OP_CreateTable opcode that would normally create the
  ** root-page for the table into a OP_CreateIndex opcode.  The index
  ** created will become the PRIMARY KEY index.
  */
  if( pParse->addrCrTab ){
    assert( v );
    sqlite3VdbeGetOp(v, pParse->addrCrTab)->opcode = OP_CreateIndex;
  }

  /* Bypass the creation of the PRIMARY KEY btree and the sqlite_master
  ** table entry.
  */
  if( pParse->addrSkipPK ){
    assert( v );
    sqlite3VdbeGetOp(v, pParse->addrSkipPK)->opcode = OP_Goto;
  }

  /* Locate the PRIMARY KEY index.  Or, if this table was originally
  ** an INTEGER PRIMARY KEY table, create a new PRIMARY KEY index. 
  */
  if( pTab->iPKey>=0 ){
    ExprList *pList;
    pList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, 0, 0);
    if( pList==0 ) return;
    pList->a[0].zName = sqlite3DbStrDup(pParse->db,
                                        pTab->aCol[pTab->iPKey].zName);
    pList->a[0].sortOrder = pParse->iPkSortOrder;
    assert( pParse->pNewTable==pTab );
    pPk = sqlite3CreateIndex(pParse, 0, 0, 0, pList, pTab->keyConf, 0, 0, 0, 0);
    if( pPk==0 ) return;
    pPk->autoIndex = 2;
    pTab->iPKey = -1;
  }else{
    pPk = sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pTab);
  }
  pPk->isCovering = 1;
  assert( pPk!=0 );
  nPk = pPk->nKeyCol;

  /* Make sure every column of the PRIMARY KEY is NOT NULL */
  for(i=0; i<nPk; i++){
    pTab->aCol[pPk->aiColumn[i]].notNull = 1;
  }
  pPk->uniqNotNull = 1;

  /* The root page of the PRIMARY KEY is the table root page */
  pPk->tnum = pTab->tnum;

  /* Update the in-memory representation of all UNIQUE indices by converting
  ** the final rowid column into one or more columns of the PRIMARY KEY.
  */
  for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
    int n;
    if( pIdx->autoIndex==2 ) continue;
    for(i=n=0; i<nPk; i++){
      if( !hasColumn(pIdx->aiColumn, pIdx->nKeyCol, pPk->aiColumn[i]) ) n++;
    }
    if( n==0 ){
      /* This index is a superset of the primary key */
      pIdx->nColumn = pIdx->nKeyCol;
      continue;
    }
    if( resizeIndexObject(db, pIdx, pIdx->nKeyCol+n) ) return;
    for(i=0, j=pIdx->nKeyCol; i<nPk; i++){
      if( !hasColumn(pIdx->aiColumn, pIdx->nKeyCol, pPk->aiColumn[i]) ){
        pIdx->aiColumn[j] = pPk->aiColumn[i];
        pIdx->azColl[j] = pPk->azColl[i];
        j++;
      }
    }
    assert( pIdx->nColumn>=pIdx->nKeyCol+n );
    assert( pIdx->nColumn>=j );
  }

  /* Add all table columns to the PRIMARY KEY index
  */
  if( nPk<pTab->nCol ){
    if( resizeIndexObject(db, pPk, pTab->nCol) ) return;
    for(i=0, j=nPk; i<pTab->nCol; i++){
      if( !hasColumn(pPk->aiColumn, j, i) ){
        assert( j<pPk->nColumn );
        pPk->aiColumn[j] = i;
        pPk->azColl[j] = "BINARY";
        j++;
      }
    }
    assert( pPk->nColumn==j );
    assert( pTab->nCol==j );
  }else{
    pPk->nColumn = pTab->nCol;
  }
}

/*
** This routine is called to report the final ")" that terminates
** a CREATE TABLE statement.
**
** The table structure that other action routines have been building
** is added to the internal hash tables, assuming no errors have
................................................................................
** was called to create a table generated from a 
** "CREATE TABLE ... AS SELECT ..." statement.  The column names of
** the new table will match the result set of the SELECT.
*/
void sqlite3EndTable(
  Parse *pParse,          /* Parse context */
  Token *pCons,           /* The ',' token after the last column defn. */
  Token *pEnd,            /* The ')' before options in the CREATE TABLE */
  u8 tabOpts,             /* Extra table options. Usually 0. */
  Select *pSelect         /* Select from a "CREATE ... AS SELECT" */
){
  Table *p;                 /* The new table */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db; /* The database connection */
  int iDb;                  /* Database in which the table lives */
  Index *pIdx;              /* An implied index of the table */

................................................................................
  if( (pEnd==0 && pSelect==0) || db->mallocFailed ){
    return;
  }
  p = pParse->pNewTable;
  if( p==0 ) return;

  assert( !db->init.busy || !pSelect );

  /* If the db->init.busy is 1 it means we are reading the SQL off the
  ** "sqlite_master" or "sqlite_temp_master" table on the disk.
  ** So do not write to the disk again.  Extract the root page number
  ** for the table from the db->init.newTnum field.  (The page number
  ** should have been put there by the sqliteOpenCb routine.)
  */
  if( db->init.busy ){
    p->tnum = db->init.newTnum;
  }

  /* Special processing for WITHOUT ROWID Tables */
  if( tabOpts & TF_WithoutRowid ){
    if( (p->tabFlags & TF_Autoincrement) ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse,
          "AUTOINCREMENT not allowed on WITHOUT ROWID tables");
      return;
    }
    if( (p->tabFlags & TF_HasPrimaryKey)==0 ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "PRIMARY KEY missing on table %s", p->zName);
    }else{
      p->tabFlags |= TF_WithoutRowid;
      convertToWithoutRowidTable(pParse, p);
    }
  }

  iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, p->pSchema);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK
  /* Resolve names in all CHECK constraint expressions.
  */
  if( p->pCheck ){
................................................................................

  /* Estimate the average row size for the table and for all implied indices */
  estimateTableWidth(p);
  for(pIdx=p->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
    estimateIndexWidth(pIdx);
  }











  /* If not initializing, then create a record for the new table
  ** in the SQLITE_MASTER table of the database.
  **
  ** If this is a TEMPORARY table, write the entry into the auxiliary
  ** file instead of into the main database file.
  */
  if( !db->init.busy ){
................................................................................
      }
    }

    /* Compute the complete text of the CREATE statement */
    if( pSelect ){
      zStmt = createTableStmt(db, p);
    }else{
      Token *pEnd2 = tabOpts ? &pParse->sLastToken : pEnd;
      n = (int)(pEnd2->z - pParse->sNameToken.z);
      if( pEnd2->z[0]!=';' ) n += pEnd2->n;
      zStmt = sqlite3MPrintf(db, 
          "CREATE %s %.*s", zType2, n, pParse->sNameToken.z
      );
    }

    /* A slot for the record has already been allocated in the 
    ** SQLITE_MASTER table.  We just need to update that slot with all
................................................................................
  n = (int)(sEnd.z - pBegin->z);
  z = pBegin->z;
  while( ALWAYS(n>0) && sqlite3Isspace(z[n-1]) ){ n--; }
  sEnd.z = &z[n-1];
  sEnd.n = 1;

  /* Use sqlite3EndTable() to add the view to the SQLITE_MASTER table */
  sqlite3EndTable(pParse, 0, &sEnd, 0, 0);
  return;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW */

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE)
/*
** The Table structure pTable is really a VIEW.  Fill in the names of
................................................................................
}

/*
** This routine is called to create a new foreign key on the table
** currently under construction.  pFromCol determines which columns
** in the current table point to the foreign key.  If pFromCol==0 then
** connect the key to the last column inserted.  pTo is the name of
** the table referred to (a.k.a the "parent" table).  pToCol is a list
** of tables in the parent pTo table.  flags contains all
** information about the conflict resolution algorithms specified
** in the ON DELETE, ON UPDATE and ON INSERT clauses.
**
** An FKey structure is created and added to the table currently
** under construction in the pParse->pNewTable field.
**
** The foreign key is set for IMMEDIATE processing.  A subsequent call
................................................................................

  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( v==0 ) return;
  if( memRootPage>=0 ){
    tnum = memRootPage;
  }else{
    tnum = pIndex->tnum;

  }
  pKey = sqlite3KeyInfoOfIndex(pParse, pIndex);




  /* Open the sorter cursor if we are to use one. */
  iSorter = pParse->nTab++;
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_SorterOpen, iSorter, 0, 0, (char*)
                    sqlite3KeyInfoRef(pKey), P4_KEYINFO);

  /* Open the table. Loop through all rows of the table, inserting index
  ** records into the sorter. */
  sqlite3OpenTable(pParse, iTab, iDb, pTab, OP_OpenRead);
  addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iTab, 0);
  regRecord = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);

  sqlite3GenerateIndexKey(pParse, pIndex, iTab, regRecord, 0, &iPartIdxLabel);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SorterInsert, iSorter, regRecord);
  sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iPartIdxLabel);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iTab, addr1+1);
  sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr1);
  if( memRootPage<0 ) sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Clear, tnum, iDb);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_OpenWrite, iIdx, tnum, iDb, 
                    (char *)pKey, P4_KEYINFO);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_BULKCSR|((memRootPage>=0)?OPFLAG_P2ISREG:0));

  addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SorterSort, iSorter, 0);
  assert( pKey!=0 || db->mallocFailed || pParse->nErr );
  if( pIndex->onError!=OE_None && pKey!=0 ){
    int j2 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v) + 3;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, j2);
    addr2 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_SorterCompare, iSorter, j2, regRecord,
                         pKey->nField - pIndex->nKeyCol);
    sqlite3UniqueConstraint(pParse, OE_Abort, pIndex);


  }else{
    addr2 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
  }
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SorterData, iSorter, regRecord);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_IdxInsert, iIdx, regRecord, 1);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT);
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regRecord);
................................................................................
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SorterNext, iSorter, addr2);
  sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr1);

  sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, iTab);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, iIdx);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, iSorter);
}

/*
** Allocate heap space to hold an Index object with nCol columns.
**
** Increase the allocation size to provide an extra nExtra bytes
** of 8-byte aligned space after the Index object and return a
** pointer to this extra space in *ppExtra.
*/
Index *sqlite3AllocateIndexObject(
  sqlite3 *db,         /* Database connection */
  i16 nCol,            /* Total number of columns in the index */
  int nExtra,          /* Number of bytes of extra space to alloc */
  char **ppExtra       /* Pointer to the "extra" space */
){
  Index *p;            /* Allocated index object */
  int nByte;           /* Bytes of space for Index object + arrays */

  nByte = ROUND8(sizeof(Index)) +              /* Index structure  */
          ROUND8(sizeof(char*)*nCol) +         /* Index.azColl     */
          ROUND8(sizeof(tRowcnt)*(nCol+1) +    /* Index.aiRowEst   */
                 sizeof(i16)*nCol +            /* Index.aiColumn   */
                 sizeof(u8)*nCol);             /* Index.aSortOrder */
  p = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, nByte + nExtra);
  if( p ){
    char *pExtra = ((char*)p)+ROUND8(sizeof(Index));
    p->azColl = (char**)pExtra;      pExtra += ROUND8(sizeof(char*)*nCol);
    p->aiRowEst = (tRowcnt*)pExtra;  pExtra += sizeof(tRowcnt)*(nCol+1);
    p->aiColumn = (i16*)pExtra;      pExtra += sizeof(i16)*nCol;
    p->aSortOrder = (u8*)pExtra;
    p->nColumn = nCol;
    p->nKeyCol = nCol - 1;
    *ppExtra = ((char*)p) + nByte;
  }
  return p;
}

/*
** Create a new index for an SQL table.  pName1.pName2 is the name of the index 
** and pTblList is the name of the table that is to be indexed.  Both will 
** be NULL for a primary key or an index that is created to satisfy a
** UNIQUE constraint.  If pTable and pIndex are NULL, use pParse->pNewTable
** as the table to be indexed.  pParse->pNewTable is a table that is
................................................................................
){
  Index *pRet = 0;     /* Pointer to return */
  Table *pTab = 0;     /* Table to be indexed */
  Index *pIndex = 0;   /* The index to be created */
  char *zName = 0;     /* Name of the index */
  int nName;           /* Number of characters in zName */
  int i, j;

  DbFixer sFix;        /* For assigning database names to pTable */
  int sortOrderMask;   /* 1 to honor DESC in index.  0 to ignore. */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  Db *pDb;             /* The specific table containing the indexed database */
  int iDb;             /* Index of the database that is being written */
  Token *pName = 0;    /* Unqualified name of the index to create */
  struct ExprList_item *pListItem; /* For looping over pList */
  const Column *pTabCol;           /* A column in the table */

  int nExtra = 0;                  /* Space allocated for zExtra[] */
  int nExtraCol;                   /* Number of extra columns needed */
  char *zExtra;                    /* Extra space after the Index object */
  Index *pPk = 0;      /* PRIMARY KEY index for WITHOUT ROWID tables */

  assert( pParse->nErr==0 );      /* Never called with prior errors */
  if( db->mallocFailed || IN_DECLARE_VTAB ){
    goto exit_create_index;
  }
  if( SQLITE_OK!=sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ){
    goto exit_create_index;
................................................................................
    if( pTab==0 ) goto exit_create_index;
    if( iDb==1 && db->aDb[iDb].pSchema!=pTab->pSchema ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, 
           "cannot create a TEMP index on non-TEMP table \"%s\"",
           pTab->zName);
      goto exit_create_index;
    }
    if( !HasRowid(pTab) ) pPk = sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pTab);
  }else{
    assert( pName==0 );
    assert( pStart==0 );
    pTab = pParse->pNewTable;
    if( !pTab ) goto exit_create_index;
    iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pTab->pSchema);
  }
................................................................................
#endif

  /* If pList==0, it means this routine was called to make a primary
  ** key out of the last column added to the table under construction.
  ** So create a fake list to simulate this.
  */
  if( pList==0 ){


    pList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, 0, 0);
    if( pList==0 ) goto exit_create_index;

    pList->a[0].zName = sqlite3DbStrDup(pParse->db,
                                        pTab->aCol[pTab->nCol-1].zName);
    pList->a[0].sortOrder = (u8)sortOrder;
  }

  /* Figure out how many bytes of space are required to store explicitly
  ** specified collation sequence names.
  */
  for(i=0; i<pList->nExpr; i++){
................................................................................
    }
  }

  /* 
  ** Allocate the index structure. 
  */
  nName = sqlite3Strlen30(zName);
  nExtraCol = pPk ? pPk->nKeyCol : 1;
  pIndex = sqlite3AllocateIndexObject(db, pList->nExpr + nExtraCol,
                                      nName + nExtra + 1, &zExtra);







  if( db->mallocFailed ){
    goto exit_create_index;
  }




  assert( EIGHT_BYTE_ALIGNMENT(pIndex->aiRowEst) );
  assert( EIGHT_BYTE_ALIGNMENT(pIndex->azColl) );


  pIndex->zName = zExtra;

  zExtra += nName + 1;
  memcpy(pIndex->zName, zName, nName+1);
  pIndex->pTable = pTab;

  pIndex->onError = (u8)onError;
  pIndex->uniqNotNull = onError!=OE_None;
  pIndex->autoIndex = (u8)(pName==0);
  pIndex->pSchema = db->aDb[iDb].pSchema;
  pIndex->nKeyCol = pList->nExpr;
  if( pPIWhere ){
    sqlite3ResolveSelfReference(pParse, pTab, NC_PartIdx, pPIWhere, 0);
    pIndex->pPartIdxWhere = pPIWhere;
    pPIWhere = 0;
  }
  assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, iDb, 0) );

................................................................................
    }
    if( j>=pTab->nCol ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "table %s has no column named %s",
        pTab->zName, zColName);
      pParse->checkSchema = 1;
      goto exit_create_index;
    }
    assert( pTab->nCol<=0x7fff && j<=0x7fff );
    pIndex->aiColumn[i] = (i16)j;
    if( pListItem->pExpr ){
      int nColl;
      assert( pListItem->pExpr->op==TK_COLLATE );
      zColl = pListItem->pExpr->u.zToken;
      nColl = sqlite3Strlen30(zColl) + 1;
      assert( nExtra>=nColl );
      memcpy(zExtra, zColl, nColl);
................................................................................
      goto exit_create_index;
    }
    pIndex->azColl[i] = zColl;
    requestedSortOrder = pListItem->sortOrder & sortOrderMask;
    pIndex->aSortOrder[i] = (u8)requestedSortOrder;
    if( pTab->aCol[j].notNull==0 ) pIndex->uniqNotNull = 0;
  }
  if( pPk ){
    for(j=0; j<pPk->nKeyCol; j++){
      int x = pPk->aiColumn[j];
      if( hasColumn(pIndex->aiColumn, pIndex->nKeyCol, x) ){
        pIndex->nColumn--; 
      }else{
        pIndex->aiColumn[i] = x;
        pIndex->azColl[i] = pPk->azColl[j];
        pIndex->aSortOrder[i] = pPk->aSortOrder[j];
        i++;
      }
    }
    assert( i==pIndex->nColumn );
  }else{
    pIndex->aiColumn[i] = -1;
    pIndex->azColl[i] = "BINARY";
  }
  sqlite3DefaultRowEst(pIndex);
  if( pParse->pNewTable==0 ) estimateIndexWidth(pIndex);

  if( pTab==pParse->pNewTable ){
    /* This routine has been called to create an automatic index as a
    ** result of a PRIMARY KEY or UNIQUE clause on a column definition, or
    ** a PRIMARY KEY or UNIQUE clause following the column definitions.
................................................................................
    Index *pIdx;
    for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
      int k;
      assert( pIdx->onError!=OE_None );
      assert( pIdx->autoIndex );
      assert( pIndex->onError!=OE_None );

      if( pIdx->nKeyCol!=pIndex->nKeyCol ) continue;
      for(k=0; k<pIdx->nKeyCol; k++){
        const char *z1;
        const char *z2;
        if( pIdx->aiColumn[k]!=pIndex->aiColumn[k] ) break;
        z1 = pIdx->azColl[k];
        z2 = pIndex->azColl[k];
        if( z1!=z2 && sqlite3StrICmp(z1, z2) ) break;
      }
      if( k==pIdx->nKeyCol ){
        if( pIdx->onError!=pIndex->onError ){
          /* This constraint creates the same index as a previous
          ** constraint specified somewhere in the CREATE TABLE statement.
          ** However the ON CONFLICT clauses are different. If both this 
          ** constraint and the previous equivalent constraint have explicit
          ** ON CONFLICT clauses this is an error. Otherwise, use the
          ** explicitly specified behavior for the index.
................................................................................
    }
    db->flags |= SQLITE_InternChanges;
    if( pTblName!=0 ){
      pIndex->tnum = db->init.newTnum;
    }
  }

  /* If this is the initial CREATE INDEX statement (or CREATE TABLE if the
  ** index is an implied index for a UNIQUE or PRIMARY KEY constraint) then
  ** emit code to allocate the index rootpage on disk and make an entry for
  ** the index in the sqlite_master table and populate the index with
  ** content.  But, do not do this if we are simply reading the sqlite_master
  ** table to parse the schema, or if this index is the PRIMARY KEY index
  ** of a WITHOUT ROWID table.


  **
  ** If pTblName==0 it means this index is generated as an implied PRIMARY KEY
  ** or UNIQUE index in a CREATE TABLE statement.  Since the table
  ** has just been created, it contains no data and the index initialization
  ** step can be skipped.
  */
  else if( pParse->nErr==0 && (HasRowid(pTab) || pTblName!=0) ){
    Vdbe *v;
    char *zStmt;
    int iMem = ++pParse->nMem;

    v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
    if( v==0 ) goto exit_create_index;

................................................................................
  tRowcnt *a = pIdx->aiRowEst;
  int i;
  tRowcnt n;
  assert( a!=0 );
  a[0] = pIdx->pTable->nRowEst;
  if( a[0]<10 ) a[0] = 10;
  n = 10;
  for(i=1; i<=pIdx->nKeyCol; i++){
    a[i] = n;
    if( n>5 ) n--;
  }
  if( pIdx->onError!=OE_None ){
    a[pIdx->nKeyCol] = 1;
  }
}

/*
** This routine will drop an existing named index.  This routine
** implements the DROP INDEX statement.
*/
................................................................................
** and/or current transaction is rolled back.
*/
void sqlite3HaltConstraint(
  Parse *pParse,    /* Parsing context */
  int errCode,      /* extended error code */
  int onError,      /* Constraint type */
  char *p4,         /* Error message */
  i8 p4type,        /* P4_STATIC or P4_TRANSIENT */
  u8 p5Errmsg       /* P5_ErrMsg type */
){
  Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  assert( (errCode&0xff)==SQLITE_CONSTRAINT );
  if( onError==OE_Abort ){
    sqlite3MayAbort(pParse);
  }
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Halt, errCode, onError, 0, p4, p4type);
  if( p5Errmsg ) sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, p5Errmsg);
}

/*
** Code an OP_Halt due to UNIQUE or PRIMARY KEY constraint violation.
*/
void sqlite3UniqueConstraint(
  Parse *pParse,    /* Parsing context */
  int onError,      /* Constraint type */
  Index *pIdx       /* The index that triggers the constraint */
){
  char *zErr;
  int j;
  StrAccum errMsg;
  Table *pTab = pIdx->pTable;

  sqlite3StrAccumInit(&errMsg, 0, 0, 200);
  errMsg.db = pParse->db;
  for(j=0; j<pIdx->nKeyCol; j++){
    char *zCol = pTab->aCol[pIdx->aiColumn[j]].zName;
    if( j ) sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&errMsg, ", ", 2);
    sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&errMsg, pTab->zName, -1);
    sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&errMsg, ".", 1);
    sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&errMsg, zCol, -1);
  }
  zErr = sqlite3StrAccumFinish(&errMsg);
  sqlite3HaltConstraint(pParse, 
    (pIdx->autoIndex==2)?SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_PRIMARYKEY:SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_UNIQUE,
    onError, zErr, P4_DYNAMIC, P5_ConstraintUnique);
}


/*
** Code an OP_Halt due to non-unique rowid.
*/
void sqlite3RowidConstraint(
  Parse *pParse,    /* Parsing context */
  int onError,      /* Conflict resolution algorithm */
  Table *pTab       /* The table with the non-unique rowid */ 
){
  char *zMsg;
  int rc;
  if( pTab->iPKey>=0 ){
    zMsg = sqlite3MPrintf(pParse->db, "%s.%s", pTab->zName,
                          pTab->aCol[pTab->iPKey].zName);
    rc = SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_PRIMARYKEY;
  }else{
    zMsg = sqlite3MPrintf(pParse->db, "%s.rowid", pTab->zName);
    rc = SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_ROWID;
  }
  sqlite3HaltConstraint(pParse, rc, onError, zMsg, P4_DYNAMIC,
                        P5_ConstraintUnique);
}

/*
** Check to see if pIndex uses the collating sequence pColl.  Return
** true if it does and false if it does not.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_REINDEX
static int collationMatch(const char *zColl, Index *pIndex){
  int i;
  assert( zColl!=0 );
  for(i=0; i<pIndex->nColumn; i++){
    const char *z = pIndex->azColl[i];
    assert( z!=0 || pIndex->aiColumn[i]<0 );
    if( pIndex->aiColumn[i]>=0 && 0==sqlite3StrICmp(z, zColl) ){
      return 1;
    }
  }
  return 0;
}
#endif

................................................................................
    return;
  }
  sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "unable to identify the object to be reindexed");
}
#endif

/*
** Return a KeyInfo structure that is appropriate for the given Index.

**
** The KeyInfo structure for an index is cached in the Index object.
** So there might be multiple references to the returned pointer.  The
** caller should not try to modify the KeyInfo object.
**
** The caller should invoke sqlite3KeyInfoUnref() on the returned object
** when it has finished using it.
*/
KeyInfo *sqlite3KeyInfoOfIndex(Parse *pParse, Index *pIdx){
  if( pParse->nErr ) return 0;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE
  if( pIdx->pKeyInfo && pIdx->pKeyInfo->db!=pParse->db ){
    sqlite3KeyInfoUnref(pIdx->pKeyInfo);
    pIdx->pKeyInfo = 0;
  }
#endif
  if( pIdx->pKeyInfo==0 ){
    int i;
    int nCol = pIdx->nColumn;
    int nKey = pIdx->nKeyCol;
    KeyInfo *pKey;
    if( pIdx->uniqNotNull ){
      pKey = sqlite3KeyInfoAlloc(pParse->db, nKey, nCol-nKey);
    }else{
      pKey = sqlite3KeyInfoAlloc(pParse->db, nCol, 0);
    }

    if( pKey ){
      assert( sqlite3KeyInfoIsWriteable(pKey) );
      for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
        char *zColl = pIdx->azColl[i];

        if( NEVER(zColl==0) ) zColl = "BINARY";
        pKey->aColl[i] = sqlite3LocateCollSeq(pParse, zColl);
        pKey->aSortOrder[i] = pIdx->aSortOrder[i];
      }
      if( pParse->nErr ){
        sqlite3KeyInfoUnref(pKey);
      }else{
        pIdx->pKeyInfo = pKey;
      }
    }



  }

  return sqlite3KeyInfoRef(pIdx->pKeyInfo);
}

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Expr *sqlite3LimitWhere(
  Parse *pParse,               /* The parser context */
  SrcList *pSrc,               /* the FROM clause -- which tables to scan */
  Expr *pWhere,                /* The WHERE clause.  May be null */
  ExprList *pOrderBy,          /* The ORDER BY clause.  May be null */
  Expr *pLimit,                /* The LIMIT clause.  May be null */
  Expr *pOffset,               /* The OFFSET clause.  May be null */
  char *zStmtType              /* Either DELETE or UPDATE.  For error messages. */
){
  Expr *pWhereRowid = NULL;    /* WHERE rowid .. */
  Expr *pInClause = NULL;      /* WHERE rowid IN ( select ) */
  Expr *pSelectRowid = NULL;   /* SELECT rowid ... */
  ExprList *pEList = NULL;     /* Expression list contaning only pSelectRowid */
  SrcList *pSelectSrc = NULL;  /* SELECT rowid FROM x ... (dup of pSrc) */
  Select *pSelect = NULL;      /* Complete SELECT tree */
................................................................................
limit_where_cleanup_2:
  sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, pWhere);
  sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, pOrderBy);
  sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, pLimit);
  sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, pOffset);
  return 0;
}
#endif /* defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_UPDATE_DELETE_LIMIT) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY) */


/*
** Generate code for a DELETE FROM statement.
**
**     DELETE FROM table_wxyz WHERE a<5 AND b NOT NULL;
**                 \________/       \________________/
**                  pTabList              pWhere
................................................................................
  Vdbe *v;               /* The virtual database engine */
  Table *pTab;           /* The table from which records will be deleted */
  const char *zDb;       /* Name of database holding pTab */
  int end, addr = 0;     /* A couple addresses of generated code */
  int i;                 /* Loop counter */
  WhereInfo *pWInfo;     /* Information about the WHERE clause */
  Index *pIdx;           /* For looping over indices of the table */
  int iCur;              /* VDBE Cursor number for pTab */


  sqlite3 *db;           /* Main database structure */
  AuthContext sContext;  /* Authorization context */
  NameContext sNC;       /* Name context to resolve expressions in */
  int iDb;               /* Database number */
  int memCnt = -1;       /* Memory cell used for change counting */
  int rcauth;            /* Value returned by authorization callback */

................................................................................
    goto delete_from_cleanup;
  }
  assert(!isView || pTrigger);

  /* Assign  cursor number to the table and all its indices.
  */
  assert( pTabList->nSrc==1 );
  iCur = pTabList->a[0].iCursor = pParse->nTab++;
  for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
    pParse->nTab++;
  }

  /* Start the view context
  */
  if( isView ){
................................................................................
  sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 1, iDb);

  /* If we are trying to delete from a view, realize that view into
  ** a ephemeral table.
  */
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER)
  if( isView ){
    sqlite3MaterializeView(pParse, pTab, pWhere, iCur);

  }
#endif

  /* Resolve the column names in the WHERE clause.
  */
  memset(&sNC, 0, sizeof(sNC));
  sNC.pParse = pParse;
................................................................................
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_PREUPDATE_HOOK
   && db->xPreUpdateCallback==0
#endif
   && 0==sqlite3FkRequired(pParse, pTab, 0, 0)
  ){
    assert( !isView );
    sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDb, pTab->tnum, 1, pTab->zName);

    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Clear, pTab->tnum, iDb, memCnt,
                      pTab->zName, P4_STATIC);

    for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
      assert( pIdx->pSchema==pTab->pSchema );
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Clear, pIdx->tnum, iDb);
    }
  }else
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_TRUNCATE_OPTIMIZATION */

  /* The usual case: There is a WHERE clause so we have to scan through
  ** the table and pick which records to delete.
  */





  {

















































    int iRowSet = ++pParse->nMem;   /* Register for rowset of rows to delete */
    int iRowid = ++pParse->nMem;    /* Used for storing rowid values. */
    int regRowid;                   /* Actual register containing rowids */

    /* Collect rowids of every row to be deleted.
    */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, iRowSet);
    pWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(
        pParse, pTabList, pWhere, 0, 0, WHERE_DUPLICATES_OK, 0
    );
    if( pWInfo==0 ) goto delete_from_cleanup;
    regRowid = sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumn(pParse, pTab, -1, iCur, iRowid, 0);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_RowSetAdd, iRowSet, regRowid);
    if( db->flags & SQLITE_CountRows ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, memCnt, 1);
    }
    sqlite3WhereEnd(pWInfo);

    /* Delete every item whose key was written to the list during the
................................................................................
    end = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);

    /* Unless this is a view, open cursors for the table we are 
    ** deleting from and all its indices. If this is a view, then the
    ** only effect this statement has is to fire the INSTEAD OF 
    ** triggers.  */
    if( !isView ){
      sqlite3OpenTableAndIndices(pParse, pTab, iCur, OP_OpenWrite);



    }

    addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_RowSetRead, iRowSet, end, iRowid);

    /* Delete the row */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
    if( IsVirtual(pTab) ){
................................................................................
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_VUpdate, 0, 1, iRowid, (char*)pVTab, P4_VTAB);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OE_Abort);
      sqlite3MayAbort(pParse);
    }else
#endif
    {
      int count = (pParse->nested==0);    /* True to count changes */
      sqlite3GenerateRowDelete(pParse, pTab, iCur, iRowid, count, pTrigger, OE_Default);

    }

    /* End of the delete loop */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, addr);
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, end);

    /* Close the cursors open on the table and its indexes. */
    if( !isView && !IsVirtual(pTab) ){

      for(i=1, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; i++, pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, iCur + i, pIdx->tnum);

      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, iCur);
    }
  }

  /* Update the sqlite_sequence table by storing the content of the
  ** maximum rowid counter values recorded while inserting into
  ** autoincrement tables.
  */
................................................................................
#endif
#ifdef pTrigger
 #undef pTrigger
#endif

/*
** This routine generates VDBE code that causes a single row of a
** single table to be deleted.

**
** The VDBE must be in a particular state when this routine is called.
** These are the requirements:
**
**   1.  A read/write cursor pointing to pTab, the table containing the row
**       to be deleted, must be opened as cursor number $iCur.


**
**   2.  Read/write cursors for all indices of pTab must be open as
**       cursor number base+i for the i-th index.
**
**   3.  The record number of the row to be deleted must be stored in
**       memory cell iRowid.
**
** This routine generates code to remove both the table record and all 
** index entries that point to that record.

*/
void sqlite3GenerateRowDelete(
  Parse *pParse,     /* Parsing context */
  Table *pTab,       /* Table containing the row to be deleted */
  int iCur,          /* Cursor number for the table */
  int iRowid,        /* Memory cell that contains the rowid to delete */
  int count,         /* If non-zero, increment the row change counter */
  Trigger *pTrigger, /* List of triggers to (potentially) fire */





  int onconf         /* Default ON CONFLICT policy for triggers */

){
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;        /* Vdbe */
  int iOld = 0;                   /* First register in OLD.* array */
  int iLabel;                     /* Label resolved to end of generated code */


  /* Vdbe is guaranteed to have been allocated by this stage. */
  assert( v );



  /* Seek cursor iCur to the row to delete. If this row no longer exists 
  ** (this can happen if a trigger program has already deleted it), do
  ** not attempt to delete it or fire any DELETE triggers.  */
  iLabel = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, iCur, iLabel, iRowid);

 
  /* If there are any triggers to fire, allocate a range of registers to
  ** use for the old.* references in the triggers.  */
  if( sqlite3FkRequired(pParse, pTab, 0, 0) || pTrigger ){
    u32 mask;                     /* Mask of OLD.* columns in use */
    int iCol;                     /* Iterator used while populating OLD.* */

................................................................................
    );
    mask |= sqlite3FkOldmask(pParse, pTab);
    iOld = pParse->nMem+1;
    pParse->nMem += (1 + pTab->nCol);

    /* Populate the OLD.* pseudo-table register array. These values will be 
    ** used by any BEFORE and AFTER triggers that exist.  */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Copy, iRowid, iOld);
    for(iCol=0; iCol<pTab->nCol; iCol++){
      if( mask==0xffffffff || mask&(1<<iCol) ){
        sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, iCur, iCol, iOld+iCol+1);
      }
    }

    /* Invoke BEFORE DELETE trigger programs. */
    sqlite3CodeRowTrigger(pParse, pTrigger, 
        TK_DELETE, 0, TRIGGER_BEFORE, pTab, iOld, onconf, iLabel
    );

    /* Seek the cursor to the row to be deleted again. It may be that
    ** the BEFORE triggers coded above have already removed the row
    ** being deleted. Do not attempt to delete the row a second time, and 
    ** do not fire AFTER triggers.  */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, iCur, iLabel, iRowid);

    /* Do FK processing. This call checks that any FK constraints that
    ** refer to this table (i.e. constraints attached to other tables) 
    ** are not violated by deleting this row.  */
    sqlite3FkCheck(pParse, pTab, iOld, 0, 0, 0);
  }

................................................................................
  ** If variable 'count' is non-zero, then this OP_Delete instruction should
  ** invoke the update-hook. The pre-update-hook, on the other hand should
  ** be invoked unless table pTab is a system table. The difference is that
  ** the update-hook is not invoked for rows removed by REPLACE, but the 
  ** pre-update-hook is.
  */ 
  if( pTab->pSelect==0 ){
    sqlite3GenerateRowIndexDelete(pParse, pTab, iCur, 0);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Delete, iCur, (count?OPFLAG_NCHANGE:0));
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char*)pTab, P4_TABLE);
  }

  /* Do any ON CASCADE, SET NULL or SET DEFAULT operations required to
  ** handle rows (possibly in other tables) that refer via a foreign key
  ** to the row just deleted. */ 
  sqlite3FkActions(pParse, pTab, 0, iOld, 0, 0);
................................................................................
      TK_DELETE, 0, TRIGGER_AFTER, pTab, iOld, onconf, iLabel
  );

  /* Jump here if the row had already been deleted before any BEFORE
  ** trigger programs were invoked. Or if a trigger program throws a 
  ** RAISE(IGNORE) exception.  */
  sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iLabel);

}

/*
** This routine generates VDBE code that causes the deletion of all
** index entries associated with a single row of a single table.
**
** The VDBE must be in a particular state when this routine is called.
** These are the requirements:
**
**   1.  A read/write cursor pointing to pTab, the table containing the row

**       to be deleted, must be opened as cursor number "iCur".

**
**   2.  Read/write cursors for all indices of pTab must be open as
**       cursor number iCur+i for the i-th index.

**
**   3.  The "iCur" cursor must be pointing to the row that is to be

**       deleted.
*/
void sqlite3GenerateRowIndexDelete(
  Parse *pParse,     /* Parsing and code generating context */
  Table *pTab,       /* Table containing the row to be deleted */
  int iCur,          /* Cursor number for the table */

  int *aRegIdx       /* Only delete if aRegIdx!=0 && aRegIdx[i]>0 */
){
  int i;
  Index *pIdx;
  int r1;
  int iPartIdxLabel;
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;





  for(i=1, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; i++, pIdx=pIdx->pNext){

    if( aRegIdx!=0 && aRegIdx[i-1]==0 ) continue;


    r1 = sqlite3GenerateIndexKey(pParse, pIdx, iCur, 0, 0, &iPartIdxLabel);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_IdxDelete, iCur+i, r1, pIdx->nColumn+1);

    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iPartIdxLabel);
  }
}

/*
** Generate code that will assemble an index key and put it in register
** regOut.  The key with be for index pIdx which is an index on pTab.
** iCur is the index of a cursor open on the pTab table and pointing to
** the entry that needs indexing.

**
** Return a register number which is the first in a block of
** registers that holds the elements of the index key.  The
** block of registers has already been deallocated by the time
** this routine returns.
**
** If *piPartIdxLabel is not NULL, fill it in with a label and jump
................................................................................
** to false or null.  If pIdx is not a partial index, *piPartIdxLabel
** will be set to zero which is an empty label that is ignored by
** sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel().
*/
int sqlite3GenerateIndexKey(
  Parse *pParse,       /* Parsing context */
  Index *pIdx,         /* The index for which to generate a key */
  int iCur,            /* Cursor number for the pIdx->pTable table */
  int regOut,          /* Write the new index key to this register */
  int doMakeRec,       /* Run the OP_MakeRecord instruction if true */
  int *piPartIdxLabel  /* OUT: Jump to this label to skip partial index */
){
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
  int j;
  Table *pTab = pIdx->pTable;
  int regBase;
  int nCol;


  if( piPartIdxLabel ){
    if( pIdx->pPartIdxWhere ){
      *piPartIdxLabel = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
      pParse->iPartIdxTab = iCur;
      sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, pIdx->pPartIdxWhere, *piPartIdxLabel, 
                         SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
    }else{
      *piPartIdxLabel = 0;
    }
  }
  nCol = pIdx->nColumn;
  regBase = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, nCol+1);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rowid, iCur, regBase+nCol);
  for(j=0; j<nCol; j++){
    int idx = pIdx->aiColumn[j];

    if( idx==pTab->iPKey ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SCopy, regBase+nCol, regBase+j);
    }else{
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iCur, idx, regBase+j);
      sqlite3ColumnDefault(v, pTab, idx, -1);
    }
  }
  if( doMakeRec ){

    const char *zAff;
    if( pTab->pSelect
     || OptimizationDisabled(pParse->db, SQLITE_IdxRealAsInt)
    ){
      zAff = 0;
    }else{
      zAff = sqlite3IndexAffinityStr(v, pIdx);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regBase, nCol+1, regOut);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, zAff, P4_TRANSIENT);
  }
  sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, regBase, nCol+1);
  return regBase;
}







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Expr *sqlite3LimitWhere(
  Parse *pParse,               /* The parser context */
  SrcList *pSrc,               /* the FROM clause -- which tables to scan */
  Expr *pWhere,                /* The WHERE clause.  May be null */
  ExprList *pOrderBy,          /* The ORDER BY clause.  May be null */
  Expr *pLimit,                /* The LIMIT clause.  May be null */
  Expr *pOffset,               /* The OFFSET clause.  May be null */
  char *zStmtType              /* Either DELETE or UPDATE.  For err msgs. */
){
  Expr *pWhereRowid = NULL;    /* WHERE rowid .. */
  Expr *pInClause = NULL;      /* WHERE rowid IN ( select ) */
  Expr *pSelectRowid = NULL;   /* SELECT rowid ... */
  ExprList *pEList = NULL;     /* Expression list contaning only pSelectRowid */
  SrcList *pSelectSrc = NULL;  /* SELECT rowid FROM x ... (dup of pSrc) */
  Select *pSelect = NULL;      /* Complete SELECT tree */
................................................................................
limit_where_cleanup_2:
  sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, pWhere);
  sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, pOrderBy);
  sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, pLimit);
  sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, pOffset);
  return 0;
}
#endif /* defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_UPDATE_DELETE_LIMIT) */
       /*      && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY) */

/*
** Generate code for a DELETE FROM statement.
**
**     DELETE FROM table_wxyz WHERE a<5 AND b NOT NULL;
**                 \________/       \________________/
**                  pTabList              pWhere
................................................................................
  Vdbe *v;               /* The virtual database engine */
  Table *pTab;           /* The table from which records will be deleted */
  const char *zDb;       /* Name of database holding pTab */
  int end, addr = 0;     /* A couple addresses of generated code */
  int i;                 /* Loop counter */
  WhereInfo *pWInfo;     /* Information about the WHERE clause */
  Index *pIdx;           /* For looping over indices of the table */
  int iTabCur;           /* Cursor number for the table */
  int iDataCur;          /* VDBE cursor for the canonical data source */
  int iIdxCur;           /* Cursor number of the first index */
  sqlite3 *db;           /* Main database structure */
  AuthContext sContext;  /* Authorization context */
  NameContext sNC;       /* Name context to resolve expressions in */
  int iDb;               /* Database number */
  int memCnt = -1;       /* Memory cell used for change counting */
  int rcauth;            /* Value returned by authorization callback */

................................................................................
    goto delete_from_cleanup;
  }
  assert(!isView || pTrigger);

  /* Assign  cursor number to the table and all its indices.
  */
  assert( pTabList->nSrc==1 );
  iTabCur = pTabList->a[0].iCursor = pParse->nTab++;
  for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
    pParse->nTab++;
  }

  /* Start the view context
  */
  if( isView ){
................................................................................
  sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 1, iDb);

  /* If we are trying to delete from a view, realize that view into
  ** a ephemeral table.
  */
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER)
  if( isView ){
    sqlite3MaterializeView(pParse, pTab, pWhere, iTabCur);
    iDataCur = iIdxCur = iTabCur;
  }
#endif

  /* Resolve the column names in the WHERE clause.
  */
  memset(&sNC, 0, sizeof(sNC));
  sNC.pParse = pParse;
................................................................................
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_PREUPDATE_HOOK
   && db->xPreUpdateCallback==0
#endif
   && 0==sqlite3FkRequired(pParse, pTab, 0, 0)
  ){
    assert( !isView );
    sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDb, pTab->tnum, 1, pTab->zName);
    if( HasRowid(pTab) ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Clear, pTab->tnum, iDb, memCnt,
                        pTab->zName, P4_STATIC);
    }
    for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
      assert( pIdx->pSchema==pTab->pSchema );
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Clear, pIdx->tnum, iDb);
    }
  }else
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_TRUNCATE_OPTIMIZATION */
  if( !HasRowid(pTab) ){
    /* There is a WHERE clause on a WITHOUT ROWID table.  

    */
    Index *pPk;      /* The PRIMARY KEY index on the table */
    int iPk;         /* First of nPk memory cells holding PRIMARY KEY value */
    int iEph;        /* Ephemeral table holding all primary key values */
    int iKey;        /* Key value inserting into iEph */
    i16 nPk;         /* Number of components of the PRIMARY KEY */

    pPk = sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pTab);
    assert( pPk!=0 );
    nPk = pPk->nKeyCol;
    iPk = pParse->nMem+1;
    pParse->nMem += nPk;
    iKey = ++pParse->nMem;
    iEph = pParse->nTab++;

    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_OpenEphemeral, iEph, nPk);
    sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(pParse, pPk);
    pWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(pParse, pTabList, pWhere, 0, 0, 0, 0);
    if( pWInfo==0 ) goto delete_from_cleanup;
    for(i=0; i<nPk; i++){
      sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, iTabCur, pPk->aiColumn[i],iPk+i);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, iPk, nPk, iKey,
                      sqlite3IndexAffinityStr(v, pPk), P4_TRANSIENT);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxInsert, iEph, iKey);
    if( db->flags & SQLITE_CountRows ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, memCnt, 1);
    }
    sqlite3WhereEnd(pWInfo);

    /* Open cursors for all indices of the table.
    */
    sqlite3OpenTableAndIndices(pParse, pTab, OP_OpenWrite,
                               iTabCur, &iDataCur, &iIdxCur);

    /* Loop over the primary keys to be deleted. */
    addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Rewind, iEph);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_RowKey, iEph, iPk);

    /* Delete the row */
    sqlite3GenerateRowDelete(pParse, pTab, pTrigger, iDataCur, iIdxCur,
                             iPk, 0, 1, OE_Default, 0);

    /* End of the delete loop */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iEph, addr+1);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);

    /* Close the cursors open on the table and its indexes. */
    assert( iDataCur>=iIdxCur );
    for(i=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; i++, pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, iIdxCur+i);
    }
  }else{
    /* There is a WHERE clause on a rowid table.  Run a loop that extracts
    ** all rowids to be deleted into a RowSet.
    */
    int iRowSet = ++pParse->nMem;   /* Register for rowset of rows to delete */
    int iRowid = ++pParse->nMem;    /* Used for storing rowid values. */
    int regRowid;                   /* Actual register containing rowids */

    /* Collect rowids of every row to be deleted.
    */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, iRowSet);
    pWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(
        pParse, pTabList, pWhere, 0, 0, WHERE_DUPLICATES_OK, 0
    );
    if( pWInfo==0 ) goto delete_from_cleanup;
    regRowid = sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumn(pParse, pTab, -1, iTabCur, iRowid, 0);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_RowSetAdd, iRowSet, regRowid);
    if( db->flags & SQLITE_CountRows ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, memCnt, 1);
    }
    sqlite3WhereEnd(pWInfo);

    /* Delete every item whose key was written to the list during the
................................................................................
    end = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);

    /* Unless this is a view, open cursors for the table we are 
    ** deleting from and all its indices. If this is a view, then the
    ** only effect this statement has is to fire the INSTEAD OF 
    ** triggers.  */
    if( !isView ){
      sqlite3OpenTableAndIndices(pParse, pTab, OP_OpenWrite, iTabCur,
                                 &iDataCur, &iIdxCur);
      assert( iDataCur==iTabCur );
      assert( iIdxCur==iDataCur+1 );
    }

    addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_RowSetRead, iRowSet, end, iRowid);

    /* Delete the row */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
    if( IsVirtual(pTab) ){
................................................................................
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_VUpdate, 0, 1, iRowid, (char*)pVTab, P4_VTAB);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OE_Abort);
      sqlite3MayAbort(pParse);
    }else
#endif
    {
      int count = (pParse->nested==0);    /* True to count changes */
      sqlite3GenerateRowDelete(pParse, pTab, pTrigger, iDataCur, iIdxCur,
                               iRowid, 1, count, OE_Default, 0);
    }

    /* End of the delete loop */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, addr);
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, end);

    /* Close the cursors open on the table and its indexes. */
    if( !isView && !IsVirtual(pTab) ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, iDataCur);
      for(i=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; i++, pIdx=pIdx->pNext){

        sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, iIdxCur + i);
      }

    }
  }

  /* Update the sqlite_sequence table by storing the content of the
  ** maximum rowid counter values recorded while inserting into
  ** autoincrement tables.
  */
................................................................................
#endif
#ifdef pTrigger
 #undef pTrigger
#endif

/*
** This routine generates VDBE code that causes a single row of a
** single table to be deleted.  Both the original table entry and
** all indices are removed.
**

** Preconditions:
**
**   1.  iDataCur is an open cursor on the btree that is the canonical data
**       store for the table.  (This will be either the table itself,
**       in the case of a rowid table, or the PRIMARY KEY index in the case
**       of a WITHOUT ROWID table.)
**
**   2.  Read/write cursors for all indices of pTab must be open as
**       cursor number iIdxCur+i for the i-th index.
**
**   3.  The primary key for the row to be deleted must be stored in a


**       sequence of nPk memory cells starting at iPk.  If nPk==0 that means
**       that a search record formed from OP_MakeRecord is contained in the
**       single memory location iPk.
*/
void sqlite3GenerateRowDelete(
  Parse *pParse,     /* Parsing context */
  Table *pTab,       /* Table containing the row to be deleted */



  Trigger *pTrigger, /* List of triggers to (potentially) fire */
  int iDataCur,      /* Cursor from which column data is extracted */
  int iIdxCur,       /* First index cursor */
  int iPk,           /* First memory cell containing the PRIMARY KEY */
  i16 nPk,           /* Number of PRIMARY KEY memory cells */
  u8 count,          /* If non-zero, increment the row change counter */
  u8 onconf,         /* Default ON CONFLICT policy for triggers */
  u8 bNoSeek         /* iDataCur is already pointing to the row to delete */
){
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;        /* Vdbe */
  int iOld = 0;                   /* First register in OLD.* array */
  int iLabel;                     /* Label resolved to end of generated code */
  u8 opSeek;                      /* Seek opcode */

  /* Vdbe is guaranteed to have been allocated by this stage. */
  assert( v );
  VdbeModuleComment((v, "BEGIN: GenRowDel(%d,%d,%d,%d)",
                         iDataCur, iIdxCur, iPk, (int)nPk));

  /* Seek cursor iCur to the row to delete. If this row no longer exists 
  ** (this can happen if a trigger program has already deleted it), do
  ** not attempt to delete it or fire any DELETE triggers.  */
  iLabel = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
  opSeek = HasRowid(pTab) ? OP_NotExists : OP_NotFound;
  if( !bNoSeek ) sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, opSeek, iDataCur, iLabel, iPk, nPk);
 
  /* If there are any triggers to fire, allocate a range of registers to
  ** use for the old.* references in the triggers.  */
  if( sqlite3FkRequired(pParse, pTab, 0, 0) || pTrigger ){
    u32 mask;                     /* Mask of OLD.* columns in use */
    int iCol;                     /* Iterator used while populating OLD.* */

................................................................................
    );
    mask |= sqlite3FkOldmask(pParse, pTab);
    iOld = pParse->nMem+1;
    pParse->nMem += (1 + pTab->nCol);

    /* Populate the OLD.* pseudo-table register array. These values will be 
    ** used by any BEFORE and AFTER triggers that exist.  */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Copy, iPk, iOld);
    for(iCol=0; iCol<pTab->nCol; iCol++){
      if( mask==0xffffffff || mask&(1<<iCol) ){
        sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, iDataCur, iCol, iOld+iCol+1);
      }
    }

    /* Invoke BEFORE DELETE trigger programs. */
    sqlite3CodeRowTrigger(pParse, pTrigger, 
        TK_DELETE, 0, TRIGGER_BEFORE, pTab, iOld, onconf, iLabel
    );

    /* Seek the cursor to the row to be deleted again. It may be that
    ** the BEFORE triggers coded above have already removed the row
    ** being deleted. Do not attempt to delete the row a second time, and 
    ** do not fire AFTER triggers.  */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, opSeek, iDataCur, iLabel, iPk, nPk);

    /* Do FK processing. This call checks that any FK constraints that
    ** refer to this table (i.e. constraints attached to other tables) 
    ** are not violated by deleting this row.  */
    sqlite3FkCheck(pParse, pTab, iOld, 0, 0, 0);
  }

................................................................................
  ** If variable 'count' is non-zero, then this OP_Delete instruction should
  ** invoke the update-hook. The pre-update-hook, on the other hand should
  ** be invoked unless table pTab is a system table. The difference is that
  ** the update-hook is not invoked for rows removed by REPLACE, but the 
  ** pre-update-hook is.
  */ 
  if( pTab->pSelect==0 ){
    sqlite3GenerateRowIndexDelete(pParse, pTab, iDataCur, iIdxCur, 0);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Delete, iDataCur, (count?OPFLAG_NCHANGE:0));
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char*)pTab, P4_TABLE);
  }

  /* Do any ON CASCADE, SET NULL or SET DEFAULT operations required to
  ** handle rows (possibly in other tables) that refer via a foreign key
  ** to the row just deleted. */ 
  sqlite3FkActions(pParse, pTab, 0, iOld, 0, 0);
................................................................................
      TK_DELETE, 0, TRIGGER_AFTER, pTab, iOld, onconf, iLabel
  );

  /* Jump here if the row had already been deleted before any BEFORE
  ** trigger programs were invoked. Or if a trigger program throws a 
  ** RAISE(IGNORE) exception.  */
  sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iLabel);
  VdbeModuleComment((v, "END: GenRowDel()"));
}

/*
** This routine generates VDBE code that causes the deletion of all
** index entries associated with a single row of a single table, pTab
**
** Preconditions:

**
**   1.  A read/write cursor "iDataCur" must be open on the canonical storage
**       btree for the table pTab.  (This will be either the table itself
**       for rowid tables or to the primary key index for WITHOUT ROWID
**       tables.)
**
**   2.  Read/write cursors for all indices of pTab must be open as
**       cursor number iIdxCur+i for the i-th index.  (The pTab->pIndex
**       index is the 0-th index.)
**

**   3.  The "iDataCur" cursor must be already be positioned on the row
**       that is to be deleted.
*/
void sqlite3GenerateRowIndexDelete(
  Parse *pParse,     /* Parsing and code generating context */
  Table *pTab,       /* Table containing the row to be deleted */
  int iDataCur,      /* Cursor of table holding data. */
  int iIdxCur,       /* First index cursor */
  int *aRegIdx       /* Only delete if aRegIdx!=0 && aRegIdx[i]>0 */
){

  int i;             /* Index loop counter */
  int r1;            /* Register holding an index key */
  int iPartIdxLabel; /* Jump destination for skipping partial index entries */
  Index *pIdx;       /* Current index */
  Vdbe *v;           /* The prepared statement under construction */
  Index *pPk;        /* PRIMARY KEY index, or NULL for rowid tables */

  v = pParse->pVdbe;
  pPk = HasRowid(pTab) ? 0 : sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pTab);
  for(i=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; i++, pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
    assert( iIdxCur+i!=iDataCur || pPk==pIdx );
    if( aRegIdx!=0 && aRegIdx[i]==0 ) continue;
    if( pIdx==pPk ) continue;
    VdbeModuleComment((v, "GenRowIdxDel for %s", pIdx->zName));
    r1 = sqlite3GenerateIndexKey(pParse, pIdx, iDataCur, 0, 1, &iPartIdxLabel);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_IdxDelete, iIdxCur+i, r1,
                      pIdx->uniqNotNull ? pIdx->nKeyCol : pIdx->nColumn);
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iPartIdxLabel);
  }
}

/*
** Generate code that will assemble an index key and stores it in register
** regOut.  The key with be for index pIdx which is an index on pTab.
** iCur is the index of a cursor open on the pTab table and pointing to
** the entry that needs indexing.  If pTab is a WITHOUT ROWID table, then
** iCur must be the cursor of the PRIMARY KEY index.
**
** Return a register number which is the first in a block of
** registers that holds the elements of the index key.  The
** block of registers has already been deallocated by the time
** this routine returns.
**
** If *piPartIdxLabel is not NULL, fill it in with a label and jump
................................................................................
** to false or null.  If pIdx is not a partial index, *piPartIdxLabel
** will be set to zero which is an empty label that is ignored by
** sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel().
*/
int sqlite3GenerateIndexKey(
  Parse *pParse,       /* Parsing context */
  Index *pIdx,         /* The index for which to generate a key */
  int iDataCur,        /* Cursor number from which to take column data */
  int regOut,          /* Put the new key into this register if not 0 */
  int prefixOnly,      /* Compute only a unique prefix of the key */
  int *piPartIdxLabel  /* OUT: Jump to this label to skip partial index */
){
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
  int j;
  Table *pTab = pIdx->pTable;
  int regBase;
  int nCol;
  Index *pPk;

  if( piPartIdxLabel ){
    if( pIdx->pPartIdxWhere ){
      *piPartIdxLabel = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
      pParse->iPartIdxTab = iDataCur;
      sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, pIdx->pPartIdxWhere, *piPartIdxLabel, 
                         SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
    }else{
      *piPartIdxLabel = 0;
    }
  }
  nCol = (prefixOnly && pIdx->uniqNotNull) ? pIdx->nKeyCol : pIdx->nColumn;
  regBase = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, nCol);
  pPk = HasRowid(pTab) ? 0 : sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pTab);
  for(j=0; j<nCol; j++){
    i16 idx = pIdx->aiColumn[j];
    if( pPk ) idx = sqlite3ColumnOfIndex(pPk, idx);
    if( idx<0 || idx==pTab->iPKey ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rowid, iDataCur, regBase+j);
    }else{
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iDataCur, idx, regBase+j);
      sqlite3ColumnDefault(v, pTab, pIdx->aiColumn[j], -1);
    }
  }

  if( regOut ){
    const char *zAff;
    if( pTab->pSelect
     || OptimizationDisabled(pParse->db, SQLITE_IdxRealAsInt)
    ){
      zAff = 0;
    }else{
      zAff = sqlite3IndexAffinityStr(v, pIdx);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regBase, nCol, regOut);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, zAff, P4_TRANSIENT);
  }
  sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, regBase, nCol);
  return regBase;
}

Changes to src/expr.c.

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  ** ephemeral table.
  */
  p = (ExprHasProperty(pX, EP_xIsSelect) ? pX->x.pSelect : 0);
  if( ALWAYS(pParse->nErr==0) && isCandidateForInOpt(p) ){
    sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;              /* Database connection */
    Table *pTab;                           /* Table <table>. */
    Expr *pExpr;                           /* Expression <column> */
    int iCol;                              /* Index of column <column> */
    int iDb;                               /* Database idx for pTab */

    assert( p );                        /* Because of isCandidateForInOpt(p) */
    assert( p->pEList!=0 );             /* Because of isCandidateForInOpt(p) */
    assert( p->pEList->a[0].pExpr!=0 ); /* Because of isCandidateForInOpt(p) */
    assert( p->pSrc!=0 );               /* Because of isCandidateForInOpt(p) */
    pTab = p->pSrc->a[0].pTab;
    pExpr = p->pEList->a[0].pExpr;
    iCol = pExpr->iColumn;
   
    /* Code an OP_VerifyCookie and OP_TableLock for <table>. */
    iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pTab->pSchema);
    sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iDb);
    sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDb, pTab->tnum, 0, pTab->zName);

    /* This function is only called from two places. In both cases the vdbe
................................................................................
      ** it is not, it is not possible to use any index.
      */
      int affinity_ok = sqlite3IndexAffinityOk(pX, pTab->aCol[iCol].affinity);

      for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx && eType==0 && affinity_ok; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
        if( (pIdx->aiColumn[0]==iCol)
         && sqlite3FindCollSeq(db, ENC(db), pIdx->azColl[0], 0)==pReq
         && (!mustBeUnique || (pIdx->nColumn==1 && pIdx->onError!=OE_None))
        ){
          int iAddr;
          char *pKey;
  
          pKey = (char *)sqlite3IndexKeyinfo(pParse, pIdx);
          iAddr = sqlite3CodeOnce(pParse);
  
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_OpenRead, iTab, pIdx->tnum, iDb,
                               pKey,P4_KEYINFO_HANDOFF);

          VdbeComment((v, "%s", pIdx->zName));
          assert( IN_INDEX_INDEX_DESC == IN_INDEX_INDEX_ASC+1 );
          eType = IN_INDEX_INDEX_ASC + pIdx->aSortOrder[0];

          sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, iAddr);
          if( prNotFound && !pTab->aCol[iCol].notNull ){
            *prNotFound = ++pParse->nMem;
................................................................................
      ** if either column has NUMERIC or INTEGER affinity. If neither
      ** 'x' nor the SELECT... statement are columns, then numeric affinity
      ** is used.
      */
      pExpr->iTable = pParse->nTab++;
      addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_OpenEphemeral, pExpr->iTable, !isRowid);
      if( rMayHaveNull==0 ) sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, BTREE_UNORDERED);
      pKeyInfo = isRowid ? 0 : sqlite3KeyInfoAlloc(pParse->db, 1);

      if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
        /* Case 1:     expr IN (SELECT ...)
        **
        ** Generate code to write the results of the select into the temporary
        ** table allocated and opened above.
        */
................................................................................
        assert( !isRowid );
        sqlite3SelectDestInit(&dest, SRT_Set, pExpr->iTable);
        dest.affSdst = (u8)affinity;
        assert( (pExpr->iTable&0x0000FFFF)==pExpr->iTable );
        pExpr->x.pSelect->iLimit = 0;
        testcase( pKeyInfo==0 ); /* Caused by OOM in sqlite3KeyInfoAlloc() */
        if( sqlite3Select(pParse, pExpr->x.pSelect, &dest) ){
          sqlite3DbFree(pParse->db, pKeyInfo);
          return 0;
        }
        pEList = pExpr->x.pSelect->pEList;
        assert( pKeyInfo!=0 ); /* OOM will cause exit after sqlite3Select() */
        assert( pEList!=0 );
        assert( pEList->nExpr>0 );

        pKeyInfo->aColl[0] = sqlite3BinaryCompareCollSeq(pParse, pExpr->pLeft,
                                                         pEList->a[0].pExpr);
      }else if( ALWAYS(pExpr->x.pList!=0) ){
        /* Case 2:     expr IN (exprlist)
        **
        ** For each expression, build an index key from the evaluation and
        ** store it in the temporary table. If <expr> is a column, then use
................................................................................
        struct ExprList_item *pItem;
        int r1, r2, r3;

        if( !affinity ){
          affinity = SQLITE_AFF_NONE;
        }
        if( pKeyInfo ){

          pKeyInfo->aColl[0] = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pParse, pExpr->pLeft);
        }

        /* Loop through each expression in <exprlist>. */
        r1 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
        r2 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, r2);
................................................................................
            }
          }
        }
        sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r1);
        sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r2);
      }
      if( pKeyInfo ){
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, addr, (void *)pKeyInfo, P4_KEYINFO_HANDOFF);
      }
      break;
    }

    case TK_EXISTS:
    case TK_SELECT:
    default: {
................................................................................

/*
** Generate code to extract the value of the iCol-th column of a table.
*/
void sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(
  Vdbe *v,        /* The VDBE under construction */
  Table *pTab,    /* The table containing the value */
  int iTabCur,    /* The cursor for this table */
  int iCol,       /* Index of the column to extract */
  int regOut      /* Extract the valud into this register */
){
  if( iCol<0 || iCol==pTab->iPKey ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rowid, iTabCur, regOut);
  }else{
    int op = IsVirtual(pTab) ? OP_VColumn : OP_Column;




    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, op, iTabCur, iCol, regOut);
  }
  if( iCol>=0 ){
    sqlite3ColumnDefault(v, pTab, iCol, regOut);
  }
}

/*
................................................................................
      }
      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) );
      if( pExpr->affinity==OE_Ignore ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(
            v, OP_Halt, SQLITE_OK, OE_Ignore, 0, pExpr->u.zToken,0);
      }else{
        sqlite3HaltConstraint(pParse, SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_TRIGGER,
                              pExpr->affinity, pExpr->u.zToken, 0);
      }

      break;
    }
#endif
  }
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regFree1);







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  ** ephemeral table.
  */
  p = (ExprHasProperty(pX, EP_xIsSelect) ? pX->x.pSelect : 0);
  if( ALWAYS(pParse->nErr==0) && isCandidateForInOpt(p) ){
    sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;              /* Database connection */
    Table *pTab;                           /* Table <table>. */
    Expr *pExpr;                           /* Expression <column> */
    i16 iCol;                              /* Index of column <column> */
    i16 iDb;                               /* Database idx for pTab */

    assert( p );                        /* Because of isCandidateForInOpt(p) */
    assert( p->pEList!=0 );             /* Because of isCandidateForInOpt(p) */
    assert( p->pEList->a[0].pExpr!=0 ); /* Because of isCandidateForInOpt(p) */
    assert( p->pSrc!=0 );               /* Because of isCandidateForInOpt(p) */
    pTab = p->pSrc->a[0].pTab;
    pExpr = p->pEList->a[0].pExpr;
    iCol = (i16)pExpr->iColumn;
   
    /* Code an OP_VerifyCookie and OP_TableLock for <table>. */
    iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pTab->pSchema);
    sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iDb);
    sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDb, pTab->tnum, 0, pTab->zName);

    /* This function is only called from two places. In both cases the vdbe
................................................................................
      ** it is not, it is not possible to use any index.
      */
      int affinity_ok = sqlite3IndexAffinityOk(pX, pTab->aCol[iCol].affinity);

      for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx && eType==0 && affinity_ok; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
        if( (pIdx->aiColumn[0]==iCol)
         && sqlite3FindCollSeq(db, ENC(db), pIdx->azColl[0], 0)==pReq
         && (!mustBeUnique || (pIdx->nKeyCol==1 && pIdx->onError!=OE_None))
        ){




          int iAddr = sqlite3CodeOnce(pParse);

          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenRead, iTab, pIdx->tnum, iDb);

          sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(pParse, pIdx);
          VdbeComment((v, "%s", pIdx->zName));
          assert( IN_INDEX_INDEX_DESC == IN_INDEX_INDEX_ASC+1 );
          eType = IN_INDEX_INDEX_ASC + pIdx->aSortOrder[0];

          sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, iAddr);
          if( prNotFound && !pTab->aCol[iCol].notNull ){
            *prNotFound = ++pParse->nMem;
................................................................................
      ** if either column has NUMERIC or INTEGER affinity. If neither
      ** 'x' nor the SELECT... statement are columns, then numeric affinity
      ** is used.
      */
      pExpr->iTable = pParse->nTab++;
      addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_OpenEphemeral, pExpr->iTable, !isRowid);
      if( rMayHaveNull==0 ) sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, BTREE_UNORDERED);
      pKeyInfo = isRowid ? 0 : sqlite3KeyInfoAlloc(pParse->db, 1, 1);

      if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
        /* Case 1:     expr IN (SELECT ...)
        **
        ** Generate code to write the results of the select into the temporary
        ** table allocated and opened above.
        */
................................................................................
        assert( !isRowid );
        sqlite3SelectDestInit(&dest, SRT_Set, pExpr->iTable);
        dest.affSdst = (u8)affinity;
        assert( (pExpr->iTable&0x0000FFFF)==pExpr->iTable );
        pExpr->x.pSelect->iLimit = 0;
        testcase( pKeyInfo==0 ); /* Caused by OOM in sqlite3KeyInfoAlloc() */
        if( sqlite3Select(pParse, pExpr->x.pSelect, &dest) ){
          sqlite3KeyInfoUnref(pKeyInfo);
          return 0;
        }
        pEList = pExpr->x.pSelect->pEList;
        assert( pKeyInfo!=0 ); /* OOM will cause exit after sqlite3Select() */
        assert( pEList!=0 );
        assert( pEList->nExpr>0 );
        assert( sqlite3KeyInfoIsWriteable(pKeyInfo) );
        pKeyInfo->aColl[0] = sqlite3BinaryCompareCollSeq(pParse, pExpr->pLeft,
                                                         pEList->a[0].pExpr);
      }else if( ALWAYS(pExpr->x.pList!=0) ){
        /* Case 2:     expr IN (exprlist)
        **
        ** For each expression, build an index key from the evaluation and
        ** store it in the temporary table. If <expr> is a column, then use
................................................................................
        struct ExprList_item *pItem;
        int r1, r2, r3;

        if( !affinity ){
          affinity = SQLITE_AFF_NONE;
        }
        if( pKeyInfo ){
          assert( sqlite3KeyInfoIsWriteable(pKeyInfo) );
          pKeyInfo->aColl[0] = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pParse, pExpr->pLeft);
        }

        /* Loop through each expression in <exprlist>. */
        r1 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
        r2 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, r2);
................................................................................
            }
          }
        }
        sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r1);
        sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r2);
      }
      if( pKeyInfo ){
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, addr, (void *)pKeyInfo, P4_KEYINFO);
      }
      break;
    }

    case TK_EXISTS:
    case TK_SELECT:
    default: {
................................................................................

/*
** Generate code to extract the value of the iCol-th column of a table.
*/
void sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(
  Vdbe *v,        /* The VDBE under construction */
  Table *pTab,    /* The table containing the value */
  int iTabCur,    /* The table cursor.  Or the PK cursor for WITHOUT ROWID */
  int iCol,       /* Index of the column to extract */
  int regOut      /* Extract the value into this register */
){
  if( iCol<0 || iCol==pTab->iPKey ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rowid, iTabCur, regOut);
  }else{
    int op = IsVirtual(pTab) ? OP_VColumn : OP_Column;
    int x = iCol;
    if( !HasRowid(pTab) ){
      x = sqlite3ColumnOfIndex(sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pTab), iCol);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, op, iTabCur, x, regOut);
  }
  if( iCol>=0 ){
    sqlite3ColumnDefault(v, pTab, iCol, regOut);
  }
}

/*
................................................................................
      }
      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) );
      if( pExpr->affinity==OE_Ignore ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(
            v, OP_Halt, SQLITE_OK, OE_Ignore, 0, pExpr->u.zToken,0);
      }else{
        sqlite3HaltConstraint(pParse, SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_TRIGGER,
                              pExpr->affinity, pExpr->u.zToken, 0, 0);
      }

      break;
    }
#endif
  }
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regFree1);

Changes to src/fkey.c.

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    assert( nCol>1 );
    aiCol = (int *)sqlite3DbMallocRaw(pParse->db, nCol*sizeof(int));
    if( !aiCol ) return 1;
    *paiCol = aiCol;
  }

  for(pIdx=pParent->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
    if( pIdx->nColumn==nCol && pIdx->onError!=OE_None ){ 
      /* pIdx is a UNIQUE index (or a PRIMARY KEY) and has the right number
      ** of columns. If each indexed column corresponds to a foreign key
      ** column of pFKey, then this index is a winner.  */

      if( zKey==0 ){
        /* If zKey is NULL, then this foreign key is implicitly mapped to 
        ** the PRIMARY KEY of table pParent. The PRIMARY KEY index may be 
................................................................................
      }else{
        /* If zKey is non-NULL, then this foreign key was declared to
        ** map to an explicit list of columns in table pParent. Check if this
        ** index matches those columns. Also, check that the index uses
        ** the default collation sequences for each column. */
        int i, j;
        for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
          int iCol = pIdx->aiColumn[i];     /* Index of column in parent tbl */
          char *zDfltColl;                  /* Def. collation for column */
          char *zIdxCol;                    /* Name of indexed column */

          /* If the index uses a collation sequence that is different from
          ** the default collation sequence for the column, this index is
          ** unusable. Bail out early in this case.  */
          zDfltColl = pParent->aCol[iCol].zColl;
................................................................................
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)-2);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, iMustBeInt);
      sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regTemp);
    }else{
      int nCol = pFKey->nCol;
      int regTemp = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, nCol);
      int regRec = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
      KeyInfo *pKey = sqlite3IndexKeyinfo(pParse, pIdx);
  
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenRead, iCur, pIdx->tnum, iDb);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char*)pKey, P4_KEYINFO_HANDOFF);

      for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Copy, aiCol[i]+1+regData, regTemp+i);
      }
  
      /* If the parent table is the same as the child table, and we are about
      ** to increment the constraint-counter (i.e. this is an INSERT operation),
      ** then check if the row being inserted matches itself. If so, do not
................................................................................
  ){
    /* Special case: If this is an INSERT statement that will insert exactly
    ** one row into the table, raise a constraint immediately instead of
    ** incrementing a counter. This is necessary as the VM code is being
    ** generated for will not open a statement transaction.  */
    assert( nIncr==1 );
    sqlite3HaltConstraint(pParse, SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_FOREIGNKEY,
        OE_Abort, "foreign key constraint failed", P4_STATIC
    );
  }else{
    if( nIncr>0 && pFKey->isDeferred==0 ){
      sqlite3ParseToplevel(pParse)->mayAbort = 1;
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_FkCounter, pFKey->isDeferred, nIncr);
  }

  sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iOk);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, iCur);
}

























































/*
** This function is called to generate code executed when a row is deleted
** from the parent table of foreign key constraint pFKey and, if pFKey is 
** deferred, when a row is inserted into the same table. When generating
** code for an SQL UPDATE operation, this function may be called twice -
** once to "delete" the old row and once to "insert" the new row.
**
................................................................................
** table that correspond to the parent table row being deleted or inserted.
** For each child row found, one of the following actions is taken:
**
**   Operation | FK type   | Action taken
**   --------------------------------------------------------------------------
**   DELETE      immediate   Increment the "immediate constraint counter".
**                           Or, if the ON (UPDATE|DELETE) action is RESTRICT,
**                           throw a "foreign key constraint failed" exception.
**
**   INSERT      immediate   Decrement the "immediate constraint counter".
**
**   DELETE      deferred    Increment the "deferred constraint counter".
**                           Or, if the ON (UPDATE|DELETE) action is RESTRICT,
**                           throw a "foreign key constraint failed" exception.
**
**   INSERT      deferred    Decrement the "deferred constraint counter".
**
** These operations are identified in the comment at the top of this file 
** (fkey.c) as "I.2" and "D.2".
*/
static void fkScanChildren(
  Parse *pParse,                  /* Parse context */
  SrcList *pSrc,                  /* SrcList containing the table to scan */
  Table *pTab,
  Index *pIdx,                    /* Foreign key index */
  FKey *pFKey,                    /* Foreign key relationship */
  int *aiCol,                     /* Map from pIdx cols to child table cols */
  int regData,                    /* Referenced table data starts here */
  int nIncr                       /* Amount to increment deferred counter by */
){
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;       /* Database handle */
  int i;                          /* Iterator variable */
  Expr *pWhere = 0;               /* WHERE clause to scan with */
  NameContext sNameContext;       /* Context used to resolve WHERE clause */
  WhereInfo *pWInfo;              /* Context used by sqlite3WhereXXX() */
  int iFkIfZero = 0;              /* Address of OP_FkIfZero */
  Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);

  assert( !pIdx || pIdx->pTable==pTab );



  if( nIncr<0 ){
    iFkIfZero = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_FkIfZero, pFKey->isDeferred, 0);
  }

  /* Create an Expr object representing an SQL expression like:
  **
................................................................................
  ** the parent key columns. The affinity of the parent key column should
  ** be applied to each child key value before the comparison takes place.
  */
  for(i=0; i<pFKey->nCol; i++){
    Expr *pLeft;                  /* Value from parent table row */
    Expr *pRight;                 /* Column ref to child table */
    Expr *pEq;                    /* Expression (pLeft = pRight) */
    int iCol;                     /* Index of column in child table */ 
    const char *zCol;             /* Name of column in child table */

    pLeft = sqlite3Expr(db, TK_REGISTER, 0);
    if( pLeft ){
      /* Set the collation sequence and affinity of the LHS of each TK_EQ
      ** expression to the parent key column defaults.  */
      if( pIdx ){
        Column *pCol;
        const char *zColl;
        iCol = pIdx->aiColumn[i];
        pCol = &pTab->aCol[iCol];
        if( pTab->iPKey==iCol ) iCol = -1;
        pLeft->iTable = regData+iCol+1;
        pLeft->affinity = pCol->affinity;
        zColl = pCol->zColl;
        if( zColl==0 ) zColl = db->pDfltColl->zName;
        pLeft = sqlite3ExprAddCollateString(pParse, pLeft, zColl);
      }else{
        pLeft->iTable = regData;
        pLeft->affinity = SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER;
      }
    }

    iCol = aiCol ? aiCol[i] : pFKey->aCol[0].iFrom;
    assert( iCol>=0 );
    zCol = pFKey->pFrom->aCol[iCol].zName;
    pRight = sqlite3Expr(db, TK_ID, zCol);
    pEq = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_EQ, pLeft, pRight, 0);
    pWhere = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, pWhere, pEq);
  }

  /* If the child table is the same as the parent table, and this scan
  ** is taking place as part of a DELETE operation (operation D.2), omit the
  ** row being deleted from the scan by adding ($rowid != rowid) to the WHERE 
  ** clause, where $rowid is the rowid of the row being deleted.  */







  if( pTab==pFKey->pFrom && nIncr>0 ){
    Expr *pEq;                    /* Expression (pLeft = pRight) */
    Expr *pLeft;                  /* Value from parent table row */
    Expr *pRight;                 /* Column ref to child table */
    pLeft = sqlite3Expr(db, TK_REGISTER, 0);
    pRight = sqlite3Expr(db, TK_COLUMN, 0);
    if( pLeft && pRight ){
      pLeft->iTable = regData;
      pLeft->affinity = SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER;


      pRight->iTable = pSrc->a[0].iCursor;
      pRight->iColumn = -1;










    }
    pEq = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_NE, pLeft, pRight, 0);

    pWhere = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, pWhere, pEq);
  }

  /* Resolve the references in the WHERE clause. */
  memset(&sNameContext, 0, sizeof(NameContext));
  sNameContext.pSrcList = pSrc;
  sNameContext.pParse = pParse;
  sqlite3ResolveExprNames(&sNameContext, pWhere);
................................................................................
  sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pWhere);
  if( iFkIfZero ){
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, iFkIfZero);
  }
}

/*
** This function returns a pointer to the head of a linked list of FK
** constraints for which table pTab is the parent table. For example,
** given the following schema:
**
**   CREATE TABLE t1(a PRIMARY KEY);
**   CREATE TABLE t2(b REFERENCES t1(a);
**
** Calling this function with table "t1" as an argument returns a pointer
** to the FKey structure representing the foreign key constraint on table
................................................................................
    ** If the SQLITE_DeferFKs flag is set, then this is not required, as
    ** the statement transaction will not be rolled back even if FK
    ** constraints are violated.
    */
    if( (db->flags & SQLITE_DeferFKs)==0 ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_FkIfZero, 0, sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)+2);
      sqlite3HaltConstraint(pParse, SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_FOREIGNKEY,
          OE_Abort, "foreign key constraint failed", P4_STATIC
      );
    }

    if( iSkip ){
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iSkip);
    }
  }
}
................................................................................
      ** be found, adding the child row has violated the FK constraint. */ 
      fkLookupParent(pParse, iDb, pTo, pIdx, pFKey, aiCol, regNew, +1,isIgnore);
    }

    sqlite3DbFree(db, aiFree);
  }

  /* Loop through all the foreign key constraints that refer to this table */

  for(pFKey = sqlite3FkReferences(pTab); pFKey; pFKey=pFKey->pNextTo){
    Index *pIdx = 0;              /* Foreign key index for pFKey */
    SrcList *pSrc;
    int *aiCol = 0;

    if( aChange && fkParentIsModified(pTab, pFKey, aChange, bChngRowid)==0 ){
      continue;
................................................................................

    if( sqlite3FkLocateIndex(pParse, pTab, pFKey, &pIdx, &aiCol) ){
      if( !isIgnoreErrors || db->mallocFailed ) return;
      continue;
    }
    assert( aiCol || pFKey->nCol==1 );

    /* Create a SrcList structure containing a single table (the table 
    ** the foreign key that refers to this table is attached to). This
    ** is required for the sqlite3WhereXXX() interface.  */
    pSrc = sqlite3SrcListAppend(db, 0, 0, 0);
    if( pSrc ){
      struct SrcList_item *pItem = pSrc->a;
      pItem->pTab = pFKey->pFrom;
      pItem->zName = pFKey->pFrom->zName;
      pItem->pTab->nRef++;
      pItem->iCursor = pParse->nTab++;
................................................................................
    for(p=pTab->pFKey; p; p=p->pNextFrom){
      for(i=0; i<p->nCol; i++) mask |= COLUMN_MASK(p->aCol[i].iFrom);
    }
    for(p=sqlite3FkReferences(pTab); p; p=p->pNextTo){
      Index *pIdx = 0;
      sqlite3FkLocateIndex(pParse, pTab, p, &pIdx, 0);
      if( pIdx ){
        for(i=0; i<pIdx->nColumn; i++) mask |= COLUMN_MASK(pIdx->aiColumn[i]);
      }
    }
  }
  return mask;
}


................................................................................

    if( action==OE_Restrict ){
      Token tFrom;
      Expr *pRaise; 

      tFrom.z = zFrom;
      tFrom.n = nFrom;
      pRaise = sqlite3Expr(db, TK_RAISE, "foreign key constraint failed");
      if( pRaise ){
        pRaise->affinity = OE_Abort;
      }
      pSelect = sqlite3SelectNew(pParse, 
          sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, 0, pRaise),
          sqlite3SrcListAppend(db, 0, &tFrom, 0),
          pWhere,







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    assert( nCol>1 );
    aiCol = (int *)sqlite3DbMallocRaw(pParse->db, nCol*sizeof(int));
    if( !aiCol ) return 1;
    *paiCol = aiCol;
  }

  for(pIdx=pParent->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
    if( pIdx->nKeyCol==nCol && pIdx->onError!=OE_None ){ 
      /* pIdx is a UNIQUE index (or a PRIMARY KEY) and has the right number
      ** of columns. If each indexed column corresponds to a foreign key
      ** column of pFKey, then this index is a winner.  */

      if( zKey==0 ){
        /* If zKey is NULL, then this foreign key is implicitly mapped to 
        ** the PRIMARY KEY of table pParent. The PRIMARY KEY index may be 
................................................................................
      }else{
        /* If zKey is non-NULL, then this foreign key was declared to
        ** map to an explicit list of columns in table pParent. Check if this
        ** index matches those columns. Also, check that the index uses
        ** the default collation sequences for each column. */
        int i, j;
        for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
          i16 iCol = pIdx->aiColumn[i];     /* Index of column in parent tbl */
          char *zDfltColl;                  /* Def. collation for column */
          char *zIdxCol;                    /* Name of indexed column */

          /* If the index uses a collation sequence that is different from
          ** the default collation sequence for the column, this index is
          ** unusable. Bail out early in this case.  */
          zDfltColl = pParent->aCol[iCol].zColl;
................................................................................
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)-2);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, iMustBeInt);
      sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regTemp);
    }else{
      int nCol = pFKey->nCol;
      int regTemp = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, nCol);
      int regRec = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);

  
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenRead, iCur, pIdx->tnum, iDb);

      sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(pParse, pIdx);
      for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Copy, aiCol[i]+1+regData, regTemp+i);
      }
  
      /* If the parent table is the same as the child table, and we are about
      ** to increment the constraint-counter (i.e. this is an INSERT operation),
      ** then check if the row being inserted matches itself. If so, do not
................................................................................
  ){
    /* Special case: If this is an INSERT statement that will insert exactly
    ** one row into the table, raise a constraint immediately instead of
    ** incrementing a counter. This is necessary as the VM code is being
    ** generated for will not open a statement transaction.  */
    assert( nIncr==1 );
    sqlite3HaltConstraint(pParse, SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_FOREIGNKEY,
        OE_Abort, 0, P4_STATIC, P5_ConstraintFK);

  }else{
    if( nIncr>0 && pFKey->isDeferred==0 ){
      sqlite3ParseToplevel(pParse)->mayAbort = 1;
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_FkCounter, pFKey->isDeferred, nIncr);
  }

  sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iOk);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, iCur);
}


/*
** Return an Expr object that refers to a memory register corresponding
** to column iCol of table pTab.
**
** regBase is the first of an array of register that contains the data
** for pTab.  regBase itself holds the rowid.  regBase+1 holds the first
** column.  regBase+2 holds the second column, and so forth.
*/
static Expr *exprTableRegister(
  Parse *pParse,     /* Parsing and code generating context */
  Table *pTab,       /* The table whose content is at r[regBase]... */
  int regBase,       /* Contents of table pTab */
  i16 iCol           /* Which column of pTab is desired */
){
  Expr *pExpr;
  Column *pCol;
  const char *zColl;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;

  pExpr = sqlite3Expr(db, TK_REGISTER, 0);
  if( pExpr ){
    if( iCol>=0 && iCol!=pTab->iPKey ){
      pCol = &pTab->aCol[iCol];
      pExpr->iTable = regBase + iCol + 1;
      pExpr->affinity = pCol->affinity;
      zColl = pCol->zColl;
      if( zColl==0 ) zColl = db->pDfltColl->zName;
      pExpr = sqlite3ExprAddCollateString(pParse, pExpr, zColl);
    }else{
      pExpr->iTable = regBase;
      pExpr->affinity = SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER;
    }
  }
  return pExpr;
}

/*
** Return an Expr object that refers to column iCol of table pTab which
** has cursor iCur.
*/
static Expr *exprTableColumn(
  sqlite3 *db,      /* The database connection */
  Table *pTab,      /* The table whose column is desired */
  int iCursor,      /* The open cursor on the table */
  i16 iCol          /* The column that is wanted */
){
  Expr *pExpr = sqlite3Expr(db, TK_COLUMN, 0);
  if( pExpr ){
    pExpr->pTab = pTab;
    pExpr->iTable = iCursor;
    pExpr->iColumn = iCol;
  }
  return pExpr;
}

/*
** This function is called to generate code executed when a row is deleted
** from the parent table of foreign key constraint pFKey and, if pFKey is 
** deferred, when a row is inserted into the same table. When generating
** code for an SQL UPDATE operation, this function may be called twice -
** once to "delete" the old row and once to "insert" the new row.
**
................................................................................
** table that correspond to the parent table row being deleted or inserted.
** For each child row found, one of the following actions is taken:
**
**   Operation | FK type   | Action taken
**   --------------------------------------------------------------------------
**   DELETE      immediate   Increment the "immediate constraint counter".
**                           Or, if the ON (UPDATE|DELETE) action is RESTRICT,
**                           throw a "FOREIGN KEY constraint failed" exception.
**
**   INSERT      immediate   Decrement the "immediate constraint counter".
**
**   DELETE      deferred    Increment the "deferred constraint counter".
**                           Or, if the ON (UPDATE|DELETE) action is RESTRICT,
**                           throw a "FOREIGN KEY constraint failed" exception.
**
**   INSERT      deferred    Decrement the "deferred constraint counter".
**
** These operations are identified in the comment at the top of this file 
** (fkey.c) as "I.2" and "D.2".
*/
static void fkScanChildren(
  Parse *pParse,                  /* Parse context */
  SrcList *pSrc,                  /* The child table to be scanned */
  Table *pTab,                    /* The parent table */
  Index *pIdx,                    /* Index on parent covering the foreign key */
  FKey *pFKey,                    /* The foreign key linking pSrc to pTab */
  int *aiCol,                     /* Map from pIdx cols to child table cols */
  int regData,                    /* Parent row data starts here */
  int nIncr                       /* Amount to increment deferred counter by */
){
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;       /* Database handle */
  int i;                          /* Iterator variable */
  Expr *pWhere = 0;               /* WHERE clause to scan with */
  NameContext sNameContext;       /* Context used to resolve WHERE clause */
  WhereInfo *pWInfo;              /* Context used by sqlite3WhereXXX() */
  int iFkIfZero = 0;              /* Address of OP_FkIfZero */
  Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);

  assert( pIdx==0 || pIdx->pTable==pTab );
  assert( pIdx==0 || pIdx->nKeyCol==pFKey->nCol );
  assert( pIdx!=0 || pFKey->nCol==1 );

  if( nIncr<0 ){
    iFkIfZero = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_FkIfZero, pFKey->isDeferred, 0);
  }

  /* Create an Expr object representing an SQL expression like:
  **
................................................................................
  ** the parent key columns. The affinity of the parent key column should
  ** be applied to each child key value before the comparison takes place.
  */
  for(i=0; i<pFKey->nCol; i++){
    Expr *pLeft;                  /* Value from parent table row */
    Expr *pRight;                 /* Column ref to child table */
    Expr *pEq;                    /* Expression (pLeft = pRight) */
    i16 iCol;                     /* Index of column in child table */ 
    const char *zCol;             /* Name of column in child table */








    iCol = pIdx ? pIdx->aiColumn[i] : -1;












    pLeft = exprTableRegister(pParse, pTab, regData, iCol);
    iCol = aiCol ? aiCol[i] : pFKey->aCol[0].iFrom;
    assert( iCol>=0 );
    zCol = pFKey->pFrom->aCol[iCol].zName;
    pRight = sqlite3Expr(db, TK_ID, zCol);
    pEq = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_EQ, pLeft, pRight, 0);
    pWhere = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, pWhere, pEq);
  }

  /* If the child table is the same as the parent table, then add terms
  ** to the WHERE clause that prevent this entry from being scanned.
  ** The added WHERE clause terms are like this:
  **
  **     $current_rowid!=rowid
  **     NOT( $current_a==a AND $current_b==b AND ... )
  **
  ** The first form is used for rowid tables.  The second form is used
  ** for WITHOUT ROWID tables.  In the second form, the primary key is
  ** (a,b,...)
  */
  if( pTab==pFKey->pFrom && nIncr>0 ){
    Expr *pNe;                    /* Expression (pLeft != pRight) */
    Expr *pLeft;                  /* Value from parent table row */
    Expr *pRight;                 /* Column ref to child table */





    if( HasRowid(pTab) ){
      pLeft = exprTableRegister(pParse, pTab, regData, -1);
      pRight = exprTableColumn(db, pTab, pSrc->a[0].iCursor, -1);

      pNe = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_NE, pLeft, pRight, 0);
    }else{
      Expr *pEq, *pAll = 0;
      Index *pPk = sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pTab);
      for(i=0; i<pPk->nKeyCol; i++){
        i16 iCol = pIdx->aiColumn[i];
        pLeft = exprTableRegister(pParse, pTab, regData, iCol);
        pRight = exprTableColumn(db, pTab, pSrc->a[0].iCursor, iCol);
        pEq = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_EQ, pLeft, pRight, 0);
        pAll = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, pAll, pEq);
      }
      pNe = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_NOT, pAll, 0, 0);
    }
    pWhere = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, pWhere, pNe);
  }

  /* Resolve the references in the WHERE clause. */
  memset(&sNameContext, 0, sizeof(NameContext));
  sNameContext.pSrcList = pSrc;
  sNameContext.pParse = pParse;
  sqlite3ResolveExprNames(&sNameContext, pWhere);
................................................................................
  sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pWhere);
  if( iFkIfZero ){
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, iFkIfZero);
  }
}

/*
** This function returns a linked list of FKey objects (connected by
** FKey.pNextTo) holding all children of table pTab.  For example,
** given the following schema:
**
**   CREATE TABLE t1(a PRIMARY KEY);
**   CREATE TABLE t2(b REFERENCES t1(a);
**
** Calling this function with table "t1" as an argument returns a pointer
** to the FKey structure representing the foreign key constraint on table
................................................................................
    ** If the SQLITE_DeferFKs flag is set, then this is not required, as
    ** the statement transaction will not be rolled back even if FK
    ** constraints are violated.
    */
    if( (db->flags & SQLITE_DeferFKs)==0 ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_FkIfZero, 0, sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)+2);
      sqlite3HaltConstraint(pParse, SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_FOREIGNKEY,
          OE_Abort, 0, P4_STATIC, P5_ConstraintFK);

    }

    if( iSkip ){
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iSkip);
    }
  }
}
................................................................................
      ** be found, adding the child row has violated the FK constraint. */ 
      fkLookupParent(pParse, iDb, pTo, pIdx, pFKey, aiCol, regNew, +1,isIgnore);
    }

    sqlite3DbFree(db, aiFree);
  }

  /* Loop through all the foreign key constraints that refer to this table.
  ** (the "child" constraints) */
  for(pFKey = sqlite3FkReferences(pTab); pFKey; pFKey=pFKey->pNextTo){
    Index *pIdx = 0;              /* Foreign key index for pFKey */
    SrcList *pSrc;
    int *aiCol = 0;

    if( aChange && fkParentIsModified(pTab, pFKey, aChange, bChngRowid)==0 ){
      continue;
................................................................................

    if( sqlite3FkLocateIndex(pParse, pTab, pFKey, &pIdx, &aiCol) ){
      if( !isIgnoreErrors || db->mallocFailed ) return;
      continue;
    }
    assert( aiCol || pFKey->nCol==1 );

    /* Create a SrcList structure containing the child table.  We need the
    ** child table as a SrcList for sqlite3WhereBegin() */

    pSrc = sqlite3SrcListAppend(db, 0, 0, 0);
    if( pSrc ){
      struct SrcList_item *pItem = pSrc->a;
      pItem->pTab = pFKey->pFrom;
      pItem->zName = pFKey->pFrom->zName;
      pItem->pTab->nRef++;
      pItem->iCursor = pParse->nTab++;
................................................................................
    for(p=pTab->pFKey; p; p=p->pNextFrom){
      for(i=0; i<p->nCol; i++) mask |= COLUMN_MASK(p->aCol[i].iFrom);
    }
    for(p=sqlite3FkReferences(pTab); p; p=p->pNextTo){
      Index *pIdx = 0;
      sqlite3FkLocateIndex(pParse, pTab, p, &pIdx, 0);
      if( pIdx ){
        for(i=0; i<pIdx->nKeyCol; i++) mask |= COLUMN_MASK(pIdx->aiColumn[i]);
      }
    }
  }
  return mask;
}


................................................................................

    if( action==OE_Restrict ){
      Token tFrom;
      Expr *pRaise; 

      tFrom.z = zFrom;
      tFrom.n = nFrom;
      pRaise = sqlite3Expr(db, TK_RAISE, "FOREIGN KEY constraint failed");
      if( pRaise ){
        pRaise->affinity = OE_Abort;
      }
      pSelect = sqlite3SelectNew(pParse, 
          sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, 0, pRaise),
          sqlite3SrcListAppend(db, 0, &tFrom, 0),
          pWhere,

Changes to src/func.c.

134
135
136
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140
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  assert( argc==1 );
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(argc);
  switch( sqlite3_value_type(argv[0]) ){
    case SQLITE_INTEGER: {
      i64 iVal = sqlite3_value_int64(argv[0]);
      if( iVal<0 ){
        if( (iVal<<1)==0 ){
          /* IMP: R-35460-15084 If X is the integer -9223372036854775807 then
          ** abs(X) throws an integer overflow error since there is no
          ** equivalent positive 64-bit two complement value. */
          sqlite3_result_error(context, "integer overflow", -1);
          return;
        }
        iVal = -iVal;
      } 
      sqlite3_result_int64(context, iVal);







|
|







134
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136
137
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  assert( argc==1 );
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(argc);
  switch( sqlite3_value_type(argv[0]) ){
    case SQLITE_INTEGER: {
      i64 iVal = sqlite3_value_int64(argv[0]);
      if( iVal<0 ){
        if( (iVal<<1)==0 ){
          /* IMP: R-31676-45509 If X is the integer -9223372036854775808
          ** then abs(X) throws an integer overflow error since there is no
          ** equivalent positive 64-bit two complement value. */
          sqlite3_result_error(context, "integer overflow", -1);
          return;
        }
        iVal = -iVal;
      } 
      sqlite3_result_int64(context, iVal);

Changes to src/insert.c.

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*************************************************************************
** This file contains C code routines that are called by the parser
** to handle INSERT statements in SQLite.
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"

/*
** Generate code that will open a table for reading.






*/
void sqlite3OpenTable(
  Parse *p,       /* Generate code into this VDBE */
  int iCur,       /* The cursor number of the table */
  int iDb,        /* The database index in sqlite3.aDb[] */
  Table *pTab,    /* The table to be opened */
  int opcode      /* OP_OpenRead or OP_OpenWrite */
){
  Vdbe *v;
  assert( !IsVirtual(pTab) );
  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(p);
  assert( opcode==OP_OpenWrite || opcode==OP_OpenRead );

  sqlite3TableLock(p, iDb, pTab->tnum, (opcode==OP_OpenWrite)?1:0, pTab->zName);







  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, opcode, iCur, pTab->tnum, iDb);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(pTab->nCol), P4_INT32);

  VdbeComment((v, "%s", pTab->zName));
}


/*
** Return a pointer to the column affinity string associated with index
** pIdx. A column affinity string has one character for each column in 
** the table, according to the affinity of the column:
**
**  Character      Column affinity
................................................................................
    ** The column affinity string will eventually be deleted by
    ** sqliteDeleteIndex() when the Index structure itself is cleaned
    ** up.
    */
    int n;
    Table *pTab = pIdx->pTable;
    sqlite3 *db = sqlite3VdbeDb(v);
    pIdx->zColAff = (char *)sqlite3DbMallocRaw(0, pIdx->nColumn+2);
    if( !pIdx->zColAff ){
      db->mallocFailed = 1;
      return 0;
    }
    for(n=0; n<pIdx->nColumn; n++){
      pIdx->zColAff[n] = pTab->aCol[pIdx->aiColumn[n]].affinity;
    }
    pIdx->zColAff[n++] = SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER;
    pIdx->zColAff[n] = 0;
  }
 
  return pIdx->zColAff;
}

/*
................................................................................
  Table *pDest,         /* The table we are inserting into */
  Select *pSelect,      /* A SELECT statement to use as the data source */
  int onError,          /* How to handle constraint errors */
  int iDbDest           /* The database of pDest */
);

/*
** This routine is call to handle SQL of the following forms:
**
**    insert into TABLE (IDLIST) values(EXPRLIST)
**    insert into TABLE (IDLIST) select
**
** The IDLIST following the table name is always optional.  If omitted,
** then a list of all columns for the table is substituted.  The IDLIST
** appears in the pColumn parameter.  pColumn is NULL if IDLIST is omitted.
................................................................................
**
** The pList parameter holds EXPRLIST in the first form of the INSERT
** statement above, and pSelect is NULL.  For the second form, pList is
** NULL and pSelect is a pointer to the select statement used to generate
** data for the insert.
**
** The code generated follows one of four templates.  For a simple
** select with data coming from a VALUES clause, the code executes
** once straight down through.  Pseudo-code follows (we call this
** the "1st template"):
**
**         open write cursor to <table> and its indices
**         puts VALUES clause expressions onto the stack
**         write the resulting record into <table>
**         cleanup
**
** The three remaining templates assume the statement is of the form
**
**   INSERT INTO <table> SELECT ...
**
................................................................................
  char *zTab;           /* Name of the table into which we are inserting */
  const char *zDb;      /* Name of the database holding this table */
  int i, j, idx;        /* Loop counters */
  Vdbe *v;              /* Generate code into this virtual machine */
  Index *pIdx;          /* For looping over indices of the table */
  int nColumn;          /* Number of columns in the data */
  int nHidden = 0;      /* Number of hidden columns if TABLE is virtual */
  int baseCur = 0;      /* VDBE Cursor number for pTab */

  int keyColumn = -1;   /* Column that is the INTEGER PRIMARY KEY */
  int endOfLoop;        /* Label for the end of the insertion loop */
  int useTempTable = 0; /* Store SELECT results in intermediate table */
  int srcTab = 0;       /* Data comes from this temporary cursor if >=0 */
  int addrInsTop = 0;   /* Jump to label "D" */
  int addrCont = 0;     /* Top of insert loop. Label "C" in templates 3 and 4 */
  int addrSelect = 0;   /* Address of coroutine that implements the SELECT */
  SelectDest dest;      /* Destination for SELECT on rhs of INSERT */
  int iDb;              /* Index of database holding TABLE */
  Db *pDb;              /* The database containing table being inserted into */
  int appendFlag = 0;   /* True if the insert is likely to be an append */


  /* Register allocations */
  int regFromSelect = 0;/* Base register for data coming from SELECT */
  int regAutoinc = 0;   /* Register holding the AUTOINCREMENT counter */
  int regRowCount = 0;  /* Memory cell used for the row counter */
  int regIns;           /* Block of regs holding rowid+data being inserted */
  int regRowid;         /* registers holding insert rowid */
................................................................................
  iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pTab->pSchema);
  assert( iDb<db->nDb );
  pDb = &db->aDb[iDb];
  zDb = pDb->zName;
  if( sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_INSERT, pTab->zName, 0, zDb) ){
    goto insert_cleanup;
  }


  /* Figure out if we have any triggers and if the table being
  ** inserted into is a view
  */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
  pTrigger = sqlite3TriggersExist(pParse, pTab, TK_INSERT, 0, &tmask);
  isView = pTab->pSelect!=0;
................................................................................
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW
# undef isView
# define isView 0
#endif
  assert( (pTrigger && tmask) || (pTrigger==0 && tmask==0) );

  /* If pTab is really a view, make sure it has been initialized.
  ** ViewGetColumnNames() is a no-op if pTab is not a view (or virtual 
  ** module table).
  */
  if( sqlite3ViewGetColumnNames(pParse, pTab) ){
    goto insert_cleanup;
  }

  /* Ensure that:
  *  (a) the table is not read-only, 
  *  (b) that if it is a view then ON INSERT triggers exist
  */
  if( sqlite3IsReadOnly(pParse, pTab, tmask) ){
    goto insert_cleanup;
  }

  /* Allocate a VDBE
  */
................................................................................

  /* Figure out how many columns of data are supplied.  If the data
  ** is coming from a SELECT statement, then generate a co-routine that
  ** produces a single row of the SELECT on each invocation.  The
  ** co-routine is the common header to the 3rd and 4th templates.
  */
  if( pSelect ){
    /* Data is coming from a SELECT.  Generate a co-routine to run that
    ** SELECT. */
    int rc = sqlite3CodeCoroutine(pParse, pSelect, &dest);
    if( rc ) goto insert_cleanup;

    regEof = dest.iSDParm + 1;
    regFromSelect = dest.iSdst;
    assert( pSelect->pEList );
    nColumn = pSelect->pEList->nExpr;
    assert( dest.nSdst==nColumn );

    /* Set useTempTable to TRUE if the result of the SELECT statement
    ** should be written into a temporary table (template 4).  Set to
    ** FALSE if each* row of the SELECT can be written directly into
    ** the destination table (template 3).
    **
    ** A temp table must be used if the table being updated is also one
    ** of the tables being read by the SELECT statement.  Also use a 
    ** temp table in the case of row triggers.
    */
    if( pTrigger || readsTable(pParse, addrSelect, iDb, pTab) ){
................................................................................
  }

  /* If the INSERT statement included an IDLIST term, then make sure
  ** all elements of the IDLIST really are columns of the table and 
  ** remember the column indices.
  **
  ** If the table has an INTEGER PRIMARY KEY column and that column
  ** is named in the IDLIST, then record in the keyColumn variable
  ** the index into IDLIST of the primary key column.  keyColumn is
  ** the index of the primary key as it appears in IDLIST, not as
  ** is appears in the original table.  (The index of the primary
  ** key in the original table is pTab->iPKey.)
  */
  if( pColumn ){
    for(i=0; i<pColumn->nId; i++){
      pColumn->a[i].idx = -1;
    }
    for(i=0; i<pColumn->nId; i++){
      for(j=0; j<pTab->nCol; j++){
        if( sqlite3StrICmp(pColumn->a[i].zName, pTab->aCol[j].zName)==0 ){
          pColumn->a[i].idx = j;
          if( j==pTab->iPKey ){
            keyColumn = i;
          }
          break;
        }
      }
      if( j>=pTab->nCol ){
        if( sqlite3IsRowid(pColumn->a[i].zName) ){
          keyColumn = i;
        }else{
          sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "table %S has no column named %s",
              pTabList, 0, pColumn->a[i].zName);
          pParse->checkSchema = 1;
          goto insert_cleanup;
        }
      }
    }
  }

  /* If there is no IDLIST term but the table has an integer primary
  ** key, the set the keyColumn variable to the primary key column index
  ** in the original table definition.
  */
  if( pColumn==0 && nColumn>0 ){
    keyColumn = pTab->iPKey;
  }
    
  /* Initialize the count of rows to be inserted
  */
  if( db->flags & SQLITE_CountRows ){
    regRowCount = ++pParse->nMem;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, regRowCount);
  }

  /* If this is not a view, open the table and and all indices */
  if( !isView ){
    int nIdx;

    baseCur = pParse->nTab;
    nIdx = sqlite3OpenTableAndIndices(pParse, pTab, baseCur, OP_OpenWrite);
    aRegIdx = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, sizeof(int)*(nIdx+1));
    if( aRegIdx==0 ){
      goto insert_cleanup;
    }
    for(i=0; i<nIdx; i++){
      aRegIdx[i] = ++pParse->nMem;
    }
................................................................................

    /* build the NEW.* reference row.  Note that if there is an INTEGER
    ** PRIMARY KEY into which a NULL is being inserted, that NULL will be
    ** translated into a unique ID for the row.  But on a BEFORE trigger,
    ** we do not know what the unique ID will be (because the insert has
    ** not happened yet) so we substitute a rowid of -1
    */
    if( keyColumn<0 ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, -1, regCols);
    }else{
      int j1;

      if( useTempTable ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, srcTab, keyColumn, regCols);
      }else{
        assert( pSelect==0 );  /* Otherwise useTempTable is true */
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pList->a[keyColumn].pExpr, regCols);
      }
      j1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_NotNull, regCols);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, -1, regCols);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, j1);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_MustBeInt, regCols);
    }

................................................................................
    /* Fire BEFORE or INSTEAD OF triggers */
    sqlite3CodeRowTrigger(pParse, pTrigger, TK_INSERT, 0, TRIGGER_BEFORE, 
        pTab, regCols-pTab->nCol-1, onError, endOfLoop);

    sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, regCols, pTab->nCol+1);
  }

  /* Push the record number for the new entry onto the stack.  The
  ** record number is a randomly generate integer created by NewRowid
  ** except when the table has an INTEGER PRIMARY KEY column, in which
  ** case the record number is the same as that column. 
  */
  if( !isView ){
    if( IsVirtual(pTab) ){
      /* The row that the VUpdate opcode will delete: none */
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, regIns);
    }
    if( keyColumn>=0 ){
      if( useTempTable ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, srcTab, keyColumn, regRowid);
      }else if( pSelect ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SCopy, regFromSelect+keyColumn, regRowid);
      }else{
        VdbeOp *pOp;
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pList->a[keyColumn].pExpr, regRowid);
        pOp = sqlite3VdbeGetOp(v, -1);
        if( ALWAYS(pOp) && pOp->opcode==OP_Null && !IsVirtual(pTab) ){
          appendFlag = 1;
          pOp->opcode = OP_NewRowid;
          pOp->p1 = baseCur;
          pOp->p2 = regRowid;
          pOp->p3 = regAutoinc;
        }
      }
      /* If the PRIMARY KEY expression is NULL, then use OP_NewRowid
      ** to generate a unique primary key value.
      */
      if( !appendFlag ){
        int j1;
        if( !IsVirtual(pTab) ){
          j1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_NotNull, regRowid);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NewRowid, baseCur, regRowid, regAutoinc);
          sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, j1);
        }else{
          j1 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, regRowid, j1+2);
        }
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_MustBeInt, regRowid);
      }
    }else if( IsVirtual(pTab) ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, regRowid);
    }else{
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NewRowid, baseCur, regRowid, regAutoinc);
      appendFlag = 1;
    }
    autoIncStep(pParse, regAutoinc, regRowid);

    /* Push onto the stack, data for all columns of the new entry, beginning
    ** with the first column.
    */
    nHidden = 0;
    for(i=0; i<pTab->nCol; i++){
      int iRegStore = regRowid+1+i;
      if( i==pTab->iPKey ){
        /* The value of the INTEGER PRIMARY KEY column is always a NULL.
        ** Whenever this column is read, the record number will be substituted
        ** in its place.  So will fill this column with a NULL to avoid
        ** taking up data space with information that will never be used. */
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, iRegStore);
        continue;
      }
      if( pColumn==0 ){
        if( IsHiddenColumn(&pTab->aCol[i]) ){
          assert( IsVirtual(pTab) );
................................................................................
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_VUpdate, 1, pTab->nCol+2, regIns, pVTab, P4_VTAB);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, onError==OE_Default ? OE_Abort : onError);
      sqlite3MayAbort(pParse);
    }else
#endif
    {
      int isReplace;    /* Set to true if constraints may cause a replace */
      sqlite3GenerateConstraintChecks(pParse, pTab, baseCur, regIns, aRegIdx,
          keyColumn>=0, 0, onError, endOfLoop, &isReplace
      );
      sqlite3FkCheck(pParse, pTab, 0, regIns, 0, 0);
      sqlite3CompleteInsertion(
          pParse, pTab, baseCur, regIns, aRegIdx, 0, appendFlag, isReplace==0
      );
    }
  }

  /* Update the count of rows that are inserted
  */
  if( (db->flags & SQLITE_CountRows)!=0 ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, regRowCount, 1);
................................................................................
  }else if( pSelect ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, addrCont);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrInsTop);
  }

  if( !IsVirtual(pTab) && !isView ){
    /* Close all tables opened */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, baseCur);
    for(idx=1, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, idx++){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, idx+baseCur);
    }
  }

insert_end:
  /* Update the sqlite_sequence table by storing the content of the
  ** maximum rowid counter values recorded while inserting into
  ** autoincrement tables.
................................................................................
#ifdef pTrigger
 #undef pTrigger
#endif
#ifdef tmask
 #undef tmask
#endif


/*
** Generate code to do constraint checks prior to an INSERT or an UPDATE.

**
** The input is a range of consecutive registers as follows:
**
**    1.  The rowid of the row after the update.
**
**    2.  The data in the first column of the entry after the update.
**
**    i.  Data from middle columns...
**
**    N.  The data in the last column of the entry after the update.



**
** The regRowid parameter is the index of the register containing (1).




**
** If isUpdate is true and rowidChng is non-zero, then rowidChng contains
** the address of a register containing the rowid before the update takes
** place. isUpdate is true for UPDATEs and false for INSERTs. If isUpdate
** is false, indicating an INSERT statement, then a non-zero rowidChng 

** indicates that the rowid was explicitly specified as part of the
** INSERT statement. If rowidChng is false, it means that  the rowid is
** computed automatically in an insert or that the rowid value is not 
** modified by an update.




**
** The code generated by this routine store new index entries into
** registers identified by aRegIdx[].  No index entry is created for
** indices where aRegIdx[i]==0.  The order of indices in aRegIdx[] is
** the same as the order of indices on the linked list of indices
** attached to the table.









**
** This routine also generates code to check constraints.  NOT NULL,
** CHECK, and UNIQUE constraints are all checked.  If a constraint fails,
** then the appropriate action is performed.  There are five possible
** actions: ROLLBACK, ABORT, FAIL, REPLACE, and IGNORE.
**
**  Constraint type  Action       What Happens
**  ---------------  ----------   ----------------------------------------
**  any              ROLLBACK     The current transaction is rolled back and
**                                sqlite3_exec() returns immediately with a
**                                return code of SQLITE_CONSTRAINT.
**
**  any              ABORT        Back out changes from the current command
**                                only (do not do a complete rollback) then
**                                cause sqlite3_exec() to return immediately
**                                with SQLITE_CONSTRAINT.
**
**  any              FAIL         Sqlite3_exec() returns immediately with a
**                                return code of SQLITE_CONSTRAINT.  The
**                                transaction is not rolled back and any
**                                prior changes are retained.
**
**  any              IGNORE       The record number and data is popped from
**                                the stack and there is an immediate jump
**                                to label ignoreDest.

**
**  NOT NULL         REPLACE      The NULL value is replace by the default
**                                value for that column.  If the default value
**                                is NULL, the action is the same as ABORT.
**
**  UNIQUE           REPLACE      The other row that conflicts with the row
**                                being inserted is removed.
................................................................................
**
**  CHECK            REPLACE      Illegal.  The results in an exception.
**
** Which action to take is determined by the overrideError parameter.
** Or if overrideError==OE_Default, then the pParse->onError parameter
** is used.  Or if pParse->onError==OE_Default then the onError value
** for the constraint is used.
**
** The calling routine must open a read/write cursor for pTab with
** cursor number "baseCur".  All indices of pTab must also have open
** read/write cursors with cursor number baseCur+i for the i-th cursor.
** Except, if there is no possibility of a REPLACE action then
** cursors do not need to be open for indices where aRegIdx[i]==0.
*/
void sqlite3GenerateConstraintChecks(
  Parse *pParse,      /* The parser context */
  Table *pTab,        /* the table into which we are inserting */
  int baseCur,        /* Index of a read/write cursor pointing at pTab */
  int regRowid,       /* Index of the range of input registers */
  int *aRegIdx,       /* Register used by each index.  0 for unused indices */
  int rowidChng,      /* True if the rowid might collide with existing entry */
  int isUpdate,       /* True for UPDATE, False for INSERT */

  int overrideError,  /* Override onError to this if not OE_Default */
  int ignoreDest,     /* Jump to this label on an OE_Ignore resolution */
  int *pbMayReplace   /* OUT: Set to true if constraint may cause a replace */
){
  int i;              /* loop counter */
  Vdbe *v;            /* VDBE under constrution */





  int nCol;           /* Number of columns */
  int onError;        /* Conflict resolution strategy */
  int j1;             /* Addresss of jump instruction */
  int j2 = 0, j3;     /* Addresses of jump instructions */
  int regData;        /* Register containing first data column */
  int iCur;           /* Table cursor number */
  Index *pIdx;         /* Pointer to one of the indices */
  sqlite3 *db;         /* Database connection */
  int seenReplace = 0; /* True if REPLACE is used to resolve INT PK conflict */
  int regOldRowid = (rowidChng && isUpdate) ? rowidChng : regRowid;






  db = pParse->db;
  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  assert( v!=0 );
  assert( pTab->pSelect==0 );  /* This table is not a VIEW */
  nCol = pTab->nCol;
  regData = regRowid + 1;

















  /* Test all NOT NULL constraints.
  */
  for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
    if( i==pTab->iPKey ){
      continue;
    }
................................................................................
      onError = OE_Abort;
    }
    assert( onError==OE_Rollback || onError==OE_Abort || onError==OE_Fail
        || onError==OE_Ignore || onError==OE_Replace );
    switch( onError ){
      case OE_Abort:
        sqlite3MayAbort(pParse);
      case OE_Rollback:
      case OE_Fail: {
        char *zMsg;
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_HaltIfNull,
                          SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_NOTNULL, onError, regData+i);
        zMsg = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%s.%s may not be NULL",
                              pTab->zName, pTab->aCol[i].zName);
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, zMsg, P4_DYNAMIC);
        break;
      }
      case OE_Ignore: {
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, regData+i, ignoreDest);
        break;
      }
      default: {
        assert( onError==OE_Replace );
        j1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_NotNull, regData+i);
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pTab->aCol[i].pDflt, regData+i);
        sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, j1);
        break;
      }
    }
  }

  /* Test all CHECK constraints
  */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK
  if( pTab->pCheck && (db->flags & SQLITE_IgnoreChecks)==0 ){
    ExprList *pCheck = pTab->pCheck;
    pParse->ckBase = regData;
    onError = overrideError!=OE_Default ? overrideError : OE_Abort;
    for(i=0; i<pCheck->nExpr; i++){
      int allOk = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
      sqlite3ExprIfTrue(pParse, pCheck->a[i].pExpr, allOk, SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
      if( onError==OE_Ignore ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, ignoreDest);
      }else{
        char *zConsName = pCheck->a[i].zName;

        if( onError==OE_Replace ) onError = OE_Abort; /* IMP: R-15569-63625 */
        if( zConsName ){
          zConsName = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "constraint %s failed", zConsName);
        }else{
          zConsName = 0;
        }
        sqlite3HaltConstraint(pParse, SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_CHECK,
                              onError, zConsName, P4_DYNAMIC);


      }
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, allOk);
    }
  }
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK) */

  /* If we have an INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, make sure the primary key
  ** of the new record does not previously exist.  Except, if this
  ** is an UPDATE and the primary key is not changing, that is OK.
  */

  if( rowidChng ){


    onError = pTab->keyConf;
    if( overrideError!=OE_Default ){
      onError = overrideError;
    }else if( onError==OE_Default ){
      onError = OE_Abort;
    }
    
    if( isUpdate ){



      j2 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Eq, regRowid, 0, rowidChng);
    }

















    j3 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, baseCur, 0, regRowid);


    switch( onError ){
      default: {
        onError = OE_Abort;
        /* Fall thru into the next case */
      }
      case OE_Rollback:
      case OE_Abort:
      case OE_Fail: {
        sqlite3HaltConstraint(pParse, SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_PRIMARYKEY,
           onError, "PRIMARY KEY must be unique", P4_STATIC);
        break;
      }
      case OE_Replace: {
        /* If there are DELETE triggers on this table and the
        ** recursive-triggers flag is set, call GenerateRowDelete() to
        ** remove the conflicting row from the table. This will fire
        ** the triggers and remove both the table and index b-tree entries.
................................................................................
        */
        Trigger *pTrigger = 0;
        if( db->flags&SQLITE_RecTriggers ){
          pTrigger = sqlite3TriggersExist(pParse, pTab, TK_DELETE, 0, 0);
        }
        if( pTrigger || sqlite3FkRequired(pParse, pTab, 0, 0) ){
          sqlite3MultiWrite(pParse);
          sqlite3GenerateRowDelete(
              pParse, pTab, baseCur, regRowid, 0, pTrigger, OE_Replace
          );
        }else{
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_PREUPDATE_HOOK

          /* This OP_Delete opcode fires the pre-update-hook only. It does
          ** not modify the b-tree. It is more efficient to let the coming
          ** OP_Insert replace the existing entry than it is to delete the
          ** existing entry and then insert a new one. */
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Delete, baseCur, OPFLAG_ISNOOP);
          sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char *)pTab, P4_TABLE);

#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_PREUPDATE_HOOK */
          if( pTab->pIndex ){
            sqlite3MultiWrite(pParse);
            sqlite3GenerateRowIndexDelete(pParse, pTab, baseCur, 0);
          }
        }
        seenReplace = 1;
        break;
      }
      case OE_Ignore: {
        assert( seenReplace==0 );
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, ignoreDest);
        break;
      }
    }
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, j3);
    if( isUpdate ){

      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, j2);
    }
  }

  /* Test all UNIQUE constraints by creating entries for each UNIQUE
  ** index and making sure that duplicate entries do not already exist.
  ** Add the new records to the indices as we go.



  */
  for(iCur=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, iCur++){
    int regIdx;
    int regR;
    int addrSkipRow = 0;





    if( aRegIdx[iCur]==0 ) continue;  /* Skip unused indices */




    if( pIdx->pPartIdxWhere ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, aRegIdx[iCur]);
      addrSkipRow = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
      pParse->ckBase = regData;
      sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, pIdx->pPartIdxWhere, addrSkipRow,
                         SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
      pParse->ckBase = 0;
    }

    /* Create a key for accessing the index entry */


    regIdx = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, pIdx->nColumn+1);
    for(i=0; i<pIdx->nColumn; i++){
      int idx = pIdx->aiColumn[i];

      if( idx==pTab->iPKey ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SCopy, regRowid, regIdx+i);

      }else{
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SCopy, regData+idx, regIdx+i);

      }


    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SCopy, regRowid, regIdx+i);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regIdx, pIdx->nColumn+1, aRegIdx[iCur]);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, sqlite3IndexAffinityStr(v, pIdx), P4_TRANSIENT);

    sqlite3ExprCacheAffinityChange(pParse, regIdx, pIdx->nColumn+1);










    /* Find out what action to take in case there is an indexing conflict */
    onError = pIdx->onError;
    if( onError==OE_None ){ 
      sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, regIdx, pIdx->nColumn+1);
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrSkipRow);
      continue;  /* pIdx is not a UNIQUE index */
    }
    if( overrideError!=OE_Default ){
      onError = overrideError;
    }else if( onError==OE_Default ){
      onError = OE_Abort;
    }
    if( seenReplace ){
      if( onError==OE_Ignore ) onError = OE_Replace;
      else if( onError==OE_Fail ) onError = OE_Abort;
    }



    
    /* Check to see if the new index entry will be unique */
    regR = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);

    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SCopy, regOldRowid, regR);




































    j3 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_IsUnique, baseCur+iCur+1, 0,
                           regR, SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(regIdx),
                           P4_INT32);
    sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, regIdx, pIdx->nColumn+1);






    /* Generate code that executes if the new index entry is not unique */
    assert( onError==OE_Rollback || onError==OE_Abort || onError==OE_Fail
        || onError==OE_Ignore || onError==OE_Replace );
    switch( onError ){
      case OE_Rollback:
      case OE_Abort:
      case OE_Fail: {
        int j;
        StrAccum errMsg;
        const char *zSep;
        char *zErr;

        sqlite3StrAccumInit(&errMsg, 0, 0, 200);
        errMsg.db = db;
        zSep = pIdx->nColumn>1 ? "columns " : "column ";
        for(j=0; j<pIdx->nColumn; j++){
          char *zCol = pTab->aCol[pIdx->aiColumn[j]].zName;
          sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&errMsg, zSep, -1);
          zSep = ", ";
          sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&errMsg, zCol, -1);
        }
        sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&errMsg,
            pIdx->nColumn>1 ? " are not unique" : " is not unique", -1);
        zErr = sqlite3StrAccumFinish(&errMsg);
        sqlite3HaltConstraint(pParse, SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_UNIQUE,
                              onError, zErr, 0);
        sqlite3DbFree(errMsg.db, zErr);
        break;
      }
      case OE_Ignore: {
        assert( seenReplace==0 );
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, ignoreDest);
        break;
      }
      default: {
        Trigger *pTrigger = 0;
        assert( onError==OE_Replace );
        sqlite3MultiWrite(pParse);
        if( db->flags&SQLITE_RecTriggers ){
          pTrigger = sqlite3TriggersExist(pParse, pTab, TK_DELETE, 0, 0);
        }
        sqlite3GenerateRowDelete(
            pParse, pTab, baseCur, regR, 0, pTrigger, OE_Replace
        );
        seenReplace = 1;
        break;
      }
    }
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, j3);
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrSkipRow);
    sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regR);

  }



  
  if( pbMayReplace ){
    *pbMayReplace = seenReplace;
  }


}

/*
** This routine generates code to finish the INSERT or UPDATE operation
** that was started by a prior call to sqlite3GenerateConstraintChecks.
** A consecutive range of registers starting at regRowid contains the
** rowid and the content to be inserted.
**
** The arguments to this routine should be the same as the first six
** arguments to sqlite3GenerateConstraintChecks.
*/
void sqlite3CompleteInsertion(
  Parse *pParse,      /* The parser context */
  Table *pTab,        /* the table into which we are inserting */
  int baseCur,        /* Index of a read/write cursor pointing at pTab */

  int regRowid,       /* Range of content */
  int *aRegIdx,       /* Register used by each index.  0 for unused indices */
  int isUpdate,       /* True for UPDATE, False for INSERT */
  int appendBias,     /* True if this is likely to be an append */
  int useSeekResult   /* True to set the USESEEKRESULT flag on OP_[Idx]Insert */
){
  int i;
  Vdbe *v;
  Index *pIdx;
  u8 pik_flags;
  int regData;
  int regRec;

  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  assert( v!=0 );
  assert( pTab->pSelect==0 );  /* This table is not a VIEW */
  for(i=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, i++){
    if( aRegIdx[i]==0 ) continue;
    if( pIdx->pPartIdxWhere ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, aRegIdx[i], sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)+2);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxInsert, baseCur+i+1, aRegIdx[i]);

    if( useSeekResult ){
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT);



    }

  }

  regData = regRowid + 1;
  regRec = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regData, pTab->nCol, regRec);
  sqlite3TableAffinityStr(v, pTab);
  sqlite3ExprCacheAffinityChange(pParse, regData, pTab->nCol);
  if( pParse->nested ){
    pik_flags = 0;
  }else{
................................................................................
  }
  if( appendBias ){
    pik_flags |= OPFLAG_APPEND;
  }
  if( useSeekResult ){
    pik_flags |= OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT;
  }
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, baseCur, regRec, regRowid);
  if( !pParse->nested ){
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char *)pTab, P4_TABLE);
  }
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, pik_flags);
}

/*
** Generate code that will open cursors for a table and for all
** indices of that table.  The "baseCur" parameter is the cursor number used
** for the table.  Indices are opened on subsequent cursors.
**



** Return the number of indices on the table.









*/
int sqlite3OpenTableAndIndices(
  Parse *pParse,   /* Parsing context */
  Table *pTab,     /* Table to be opened */
  int baseCur,     /* Cursor number assigned to the table */
  int op           /* OP_OpenRead or OP_OpenWrite */



){
  int i;
  int iDb;
  Index *pIdx;
  Vdbe *v;


  if( IsVirtual(pTab) ) return 0;




  iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(pParse->db, pTab->pSchema);
  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  assert( v!=0 );



  sqlite3OpenTable(pParse, baseCur, iDb, pTab, op);




  for(i=1, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, i++){
    KeyInfo *pKey = sqlite3IndexKeyinfo(pParse, pIdx);

    assert( pIdx->pSchema==pTab->pSchema );

    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, op, i+baseCur, pIdx->tnum, iDb,
                      (char*)pKey, P4_KEYINFO_HANDOFF);

    VdbeComment((v, "%s", pIdx->zName));
  }
  if( pParse->nTab<baseCur+i ){
    pParse->nTab = baseCur+i;
  }
  return i-1;
}


#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
/*
** The following global variable is incremented whenever the
** transfer optimization is used.  This is used for testing
................................................................................
**    *   The same collating sequence on each column
**    *   The index has the exact same WHERE clause
*/
static int xferCompatibleIndex(Index *pDest, Index *pSrc){
  int i;
  assert( pDest && pSrc );
  assert( pDest->pTable!=pSrc->pTable );
  if( pDest->nColumn!=pSrc->nColumn ){
    return 0;   /* Different number of columns */
  }
  if( pDest->onError!=pSrc->onError ){
    return 0;   /* Different conflict resolution strategies */
  }
  for(i=0; i<pSrc->nColumn; i++){
    if( pSrc->aiColumn[i]!=pDest->aiColumn[i] ){
      return 0;   /* Different columns indexed */
    }
    if( pSrc->aSortOrder[i]!=pDest->aSortOrder[i] ){
      return 0;   /* Different sort orders */
    }
    if( !xferCompatibleCollation(pSrc->azColl[i],pDest->azColl[i]) ){
................................................................................
  Table *pSrc;                     /* The table in the FROM clause of SELECT */
  Index *pSrcIdx, *pDestIdx;       /* Source and destination indices */
  struct SrcList_item *pItem;      /* An element of pSelect->pSrc */
  int i;                           /* Loop counter */
  int iDbSrc;                      /* The database of pSrc */
  int iSrc, iDest;                 /* Cursors from source and destination */
  int addr1, addr2;                /* Loop addresses */
  int emptyDestTest;               /* Address of test for empty pDest */
  int emptySrcTest;                /* Address of test for empty pSrc */
  Vdbe *v;                         /* The VDBE we are building */
  KeyInfo *pKey;                   /* Key information for an index */
  int regAutoinc;                  /* Memory register used by AUTOINC */
  int destHasUniqueIdx = 0;        /* True if pDest has a UNIQUE index */
  int regData, regRowid;           /* Registers holding data and rowid */

  if( pSelect==0 ){
    return 0;   /* Must be of the form  INSERT INTO ... SELECT ... */
  }
................................................................................
  pSrc = sqlite3LocateTableItem(pParse, 0, pItem);
  if( pSrc==0 ){
    return 0;   /* FROM clause does not contain a real table */
  }
  if( pSrc==pDest ){
    return 0;   /* tab1 and tab2 may not be the same table */
  }



#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  if( pSrc->tabFlags & TF_Virtual ){
    return 0;   /* tab2 must not be a virtual table */
  }
#endif
  if( pSrc->pSelect ){
    return 0;   /* tab2 may not be a view */
................................................................................
#endif
  iDbSrc = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(pParse->db, pSrc->pSchema);
  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iDbSrc);
  iSrc = pParse->nTab++;
  iDest = pParse->nTab++;
  regAutoinc = autoIncBegin(pParse, iDbDest, pDest);


  sqlite3OpenTable(pParse, iDest, iDbDest, pDest, OP_OpenWrite);

  if( (pDest->iPKey<0 && pDest->pIndex!=0)          /* (1) */
   || destHasUniqueIdx                              /* (2) */
   || (onError!=OE_Abort && onError!=OE_Rollback)   /* (3) */
  ){
    /* In some circumstances, we are able to run the xfer optimization
    ** only if the destination table is initially empty.  This code makes
    ** that determination.  Conditions under which the destination must
................................................................................
    **     is unable to test uniqueness.)
    **
    ** (3) onError is something other than OE_Abort and OE_Rollback.
    */
    addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iDest, 0);
    emptyDestTest = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, 0);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr1);
  }else{
    emptyDestTest = 0;
  }

  sqlite3OpenTable(pParse, iSrc, iDbSrc, pSrc, OP_OpenRead);
  emptySrcTest = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iSrc, 0);
  regData = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
  regRowid = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
  if( pDest->iPKey>=0 ){
    addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rowid, iSrc, regRowid);
    addr2 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, iDest, 0, regRowid);
    sqlite3HaltConstraint(pParse, SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_PRIMARYKEY,
        onError, "PRIMARY KEY must be unique", P4_STATIC);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr2);
    autoIncStep(pParse, regAutoinc, regRowid);
  }else if( pDest->pIndex==0 ){
    addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, iDest, regRowid);
  }else{
    addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rowid, iSrc, regRowid);
    assert( (pDest->tabFlags & TF_Autoincrement)==0 );
  }
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_RowData, iSrc, regData);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, iDest, regData, regRowid);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_NCHANGE|OPFLAG_LASTROWID|OPFLAG_APPEND);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char *)pDest, P4_TABLE);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iSrc, addr1);






  for(pDestIdx=pDest->pIndex; pDestIdx; pDestIdx=pDestIdx->pNext){
    for(pSrcIdx=pSrc->pIndex; ALWAYS(pSrcIdx); pSrcIdx=pSrcIdx->pNext){
      if( xferCompatibleIndex(pDestIdx, pSrcIdx) ) break;
    }
    assert( pSrcIdx );
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, iSrc, 0);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, iDest, 0);
    pKey = sqlite3IndexKeyinfo(pParse, pSrcIdx);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_OpenRead, iSrc, pSrcIdx->tnum, iDbSrc,
                      (char*)pKey, P4_KEYINFO_HANDOFF);
    VdbeComment((v, "%s", pSrcIdx->zName));
    pKey = sqlite3IndexKeyinfo(pParse, pDestIdx);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_OpenWrite, iDest, pDestIdx->tnum, iDbDest,
                      (char*)pKey, P4_KEYINFO_HANDOFF);

    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_BULKCSR);
    VdbeComment((v, "%s", pDestIdx->zName));
    addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iSrc, 0);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_RowKey, iSrc, regData);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_IdxInsert, iDest, regData, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iSrc, addr1+1);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr1);


  }
  sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, emptySrcTest);
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regRowid);
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regData);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, iSrc, 0);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, iDest, 0);
  if( emptyDestTest ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Halt, SQLITE_OK, 0);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, emptyDestTest);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, iDest, 0);
    return 0;
  }else{
    return 1;
  }
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_XFER_OPT */







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*************************************************************************
** This file contains C code routines that are called by the parser
** to handle INSERT statements in SQLite.
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"

/*
** Generate code that will 
**
**   (1) acquire a lock for table pTab then
**   (2) open pTab as cursor iCur.
**
** If pTab is a WITHOUT ROWID table, then it is the PRIMARY KEY index
** for that table that is actually opened.
*/
void sqlite3OpenTable(
  Parse *pParse,  /* Generate code into this VDBE */
  int iCur,       /* The cursor number of the table */
  int iDb,        /* The database index in sqlite3.aDb[] */
  Table *pTab,    /* The table to be opened */
  int opcode      /* OP_OpenRead or OP_OpenWrite */
){
  Vdbe *v;
  assert( !IsVirtual(pTab) );
  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  assert( opcode==OP_OpenWrite || opcode==OP_OpenRead );
  sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDb, pTab->tnum, 
                   (opcode==OP_OpenWrite)?1:0, pTab->zName);
  if( HasRowid(pTab) ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, opcode, iCur, pTab->tnum, iDb, pTab->nCol);
    VdbeComment((v, "%s", pTab->zName));
  }else{
    Index *pPk = sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pTab);
    assert( pPk!=0 );
    assert( pPk->tnum=pTab->tnum );
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, opcode, iCur, pPk->tnum, iDb);

    sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(pParse, pPk);
    VdbeComment((v, "%s", pTab->zName));
  }
}

/*
** Return a pointer to the column affinity string associated with index
** pIdx. A column affinity string has one character for each column in 
** the table, according to the affinity of the column:
**
**  Character      Column affinity
................................................................................
    ** The column affinity string will eventually be deleted by
    ** sqliteDeleteIndex() when the Index structure itself is cleaned
    ** up.
    */
    int n;
    Table *pTab = pIdx->pTable;
    sqlite3 *db = sqlite3VdbeDb(v);
    pIdx->zColAff = (char *)sqlite3DbMallocRaw(0, pIdx->nColumn+1);
    if( !pIdx->zColAff ){
      db->mallocFailed = 1;
      return 0;
    }
    for(n=0; n<pIdx->nColumn; n++){
      i16 x = pIdx->aiColumn[n];
      pIdx->zColAff[n] = x<0 ? SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER : pTab->aCol[x].affinity;
    }
    pIdx->zColAff[n] = 0;
  }
 
  return pIdx->zColAff;
}

/*
................................................................................
  Table *pDest,         /* The table we are inserting into */
  Select *pSelect,      /* A SELECT statement to use as the data source */
  int onError,          /* How to handle constraint errors */
  int iDbDest           /* The database of pDest */
);

/*
** This routine is called to handle SQL of the following forms:
**
**    insert into TABLE (IDLIST) values(EXPRLIST)
**    insert into TABLE (IDLIST) select
**
** The IDLIST following the table name is always optional.  If omitted,
** then a list of all columns for the table is substituted.  The IDLIST
** appears in the pColumn parameter.  pColumn is NULL if IDLIST is omitted.
................................................................................
**
** The pList parameter holds EXPRLIST in the first form of the INSERT
** statement above, and pSelect is NULL.  For the second form, pList is
** NULL and pSelect is a pointer to the select statement used to generate
** data for the insert.
**
** The code generated follows one of four templates.  For a simple
** insert with data coming from a VALUES clause, the code executes
** once straight down through.  Pseudo-code follows (we call this
** the "1st template"):
**
**         open write cursor to <table> and its indices
**         put VALUES clause expressions into registers
**         write the resulting record into <table>
**         cleanup
**
** The three remaining templates assume the statement is of the form
**
**   INSERT INTO <table> SELECT ...
**
................................................................................
  char *zTab;           /* Name of the table into which we are inserting */
  const char *zDb;      /* Name of the database holding this table */
  int i, j, idx;        /* Loop counters */
  Vdbe *v;              /* Generate code into this virtual machine */
  Index *pIdx;          /* For looping over indices of the table */
  int nColumn;          /* Number of columns in the data */
  int nHidden = 0;      /* Number of hidden columns if TABLE is virtual */
  int iDataCur = 0;     /* VDBE cursor that is the main data repository */
  int iIdxCur = 0;      /* First index cursor */
  int ipkColumn = -1;   /* Column that is the INTEGER PRIMARY KEY */
  int endOfLoop;        /* Label for the end of the insertion loop */
  int useTempTable = 0; /* Store SELECT results in intermediate table */
  int srcTab = 0;       /* Data comes from this temporary cursor if >=0 */
  int addrInsTop = 0;   /* Jump to label "D" */
  int addrCont = 0;     /* Top of insert loop. Label "C" in templates 3 and 4 */
  int addrSelect = 0;   /* Address of coroutine that implements the SELECT */
  SelectDest dest;      /* Destination for SELECT on rhs of INSERT */
  int iDb;              /* Index of database holding TABLE */
  Db *pDb;              /* The database containing table being inserted into */
  int appendFlag = 0;   /* True if the insert is likely to be an append */
  int withoutRowid;     /* 0 for normal table.  1 for WITHOUT ROWID table */

  /* Register allocations */
  int regFromSelect = 0;/* Base register for data coming from SELECT */
  int regAutoinc = 0;   /* Register holding the AUTOINCREMENT counter */
  int regRowCount = 0;  /* Memory cell used for the row counter */
  int regIns;           /* Block of regs holding rowid+data being inserted */
  int regRowid;         /* registers holding insert rowid */
................................................................................
  iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pTab->pSchema);
  assert( iDb<db->nDb );
  pDb = &db->aDb[iDb];
  zDb = pDb->zName;
  if( sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_INSERT, pTab->zName, 0, zDb) ){
    goto insert_cleanup;
  }
  withoutRowid = !HasRowid(pTab);

  /* Figure out if we have any triggers and if the table being
  ** inserted into is a view
  */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
  pTrigger = sqlite3TriggersExist(pParse, pTab, TK_INSERT, 0, &tmask);
  isView = pTab->pSelect!=0;
................................................................................
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW
# undef isView
# define isView 0
#endif
  assert( (pTrigger && tmask) || (pTrigger==0 && tmask==0) );

  /* If pTab is really a view, make sure it has been initialized.
  ** ViewGetColumnNames() is a no-op if pTab is not a view.

  */
  if( sqlite3ViewGetColumnNames(pParse, pTab) ){
    goto insert_cleanup;
  }

  /* Cannot insert into a read-only table.


  */
  if( sqlite3IsReadOnly(pParse, pTab, tmask) ){
    goto insert_cleanup;
  }

  /* Allocate a VDBE
  */
................................................................................

  /* Figure out how many columns of data are supplied.  If the data
  ** is coming from a SELECT statement, then generate a co-routine that
  ** produces a single row of the SELECT on each invocation.  The
  ** co-routine is the common header to the 3rd and 4th templates.
  */
  if( pSelect ){
    /* Data is coming from a SELECT.  Generate a co-routine to run the SELECT */

    int rc = sqlite3CodeCoroutine(pParse, pSelect, &dest);
    if( rc ) goto insert_cleanup;

    regEof = dest.iSDParm + 1;
    regFromSelect = dest.iSdst;
    assert( pSelect->pEList );
    nColumn = pSelect->pEList->nExpr;
    assert( dest.nSdst==nColumn );

    /* Set useTempTable to TRUE if the result of the SELECT statement
    ** should be written into a temporary table (template 4).  Set to
    ** FALSE if each output row of the SELECT can be written directly into
    ** the destination table (template 3).
    **
    ** A temp table must be used if the table being updated is also one
    ** of the tables being read by the SELECT statement.  Also use a 
    ** temp table in the case of row triggers.
    */
    if( pTrigger || readsTable(pParse, addrSelect, iDb, pTab) ){
................................................................................
  }

  /* If the INSERT statement included an IDLIST term, then make sure
  ** all elements of the IDLIST really are columns of the table and 
  ** remember the column indices.
  **
  ** If the table has an INTEGER PRIMARY KEY column and that column
  ** is named in the IDLIST, then record in the ipkColumn variable
  ** the index into IDLIST of the primary key column.  ipkColumn is
  ** the index of the primary key as it appears in IDLIST, not as
  ** is appears in the original table.  (The index of the INTEGER
  ** PRIMARY KEY in the original table is pTab->iPKey.)
  */
  if( pColumn ){
    for(i=0; i<pColumn->nId; i++){
      pColumn->a[i].idx = -1;
    }
    for(i=0; i<pColumn->nId; i++){
      for(j=0; j<pTab->nCol; j++){
        if( sqlite3StrICmp(pColumn->a[i].zName, pTab->aCol[j].zName)==0 ){
          pColumn->a[i].idx = j;
          if( j==pTab->iPKey ){
            ipkColumn = i;  assert( !withoutRowid );
          }
          break;
        }
      }
      if( j>=pTab->nCol ){
        if( sqlite3IsRowid(pColumn->a[i].zName) && !withoutRowid ){
          ipkColumn = i;
        }else{
          sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "table %S has no column named %s",
              pTabList, 0, pColumn->a[i].zName);
          pParse->checkSchema = 1;
          goto insert_cleanup;
        }
      }
    }
  }

  /* If there is no IDLIST term but the table has an integer primary
  ** key, the set the ipkColumn variable to the integer primary key 
  ** column index in the original table definition.
  */
  if( pColumn==0 && nColumn>0 ){
    ipkColumn = pTab->iPKey;
  }
    
  /* Initialize the count of rows to be inserted
  */
  if( db->flags & SQLITE_CountRows ){
    regRowCount = ++pParse->nMem;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, regRowCount);
  }

  /* If this is not a view, open the table and and all indices */
  if( !isView ){
    int nIdx;
    nIdx = sqlite3OpenTableAndIndices(pParse, pTab, OP_OpenWrite, -1,
                                      &iDataCur, &iIdxCur);

    aRegIdx = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, sizeof(int)*(nIdx+1));
    if( aRegIdx==0 ){
      goto insert_cleanup;
    }
    for(i=0; i<nIdx; i++){
      aRegIdx[i] = ++pParse->nMem;
    }
................................................................................

    /* build the NEW.* reference row.  Note that if there is an INTEGER
    ** PRIMARY KEY into which a NULL is being inserted, that NULL will be
    ** translated into a unique ID for the row.  But on a BEFORE trigger,
    ** we do not know what the unique ID will be (because the insert has
    ** not happened yet) so we substitute a rowid of -1
    */
    if( ipkColumn<0 ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, -1, regCols);
    }else{
      int j1;
      assert( !withoutRowid );
      if( useTempTable ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, srcTab, ipkColumn, regCols);
      }else{
        assert( pSelect==0 );  /* Otherwise useTempTable is true */
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pList->a[ipkColumn].pExpr, regCols);
      }
      j1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_NotNull, regCols);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, -1, regCols);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, j1);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_MustBeInt, regCols);
    }

................................................................................
    /* Fire BEFORE or INSTEAD OF triggers */
    sqlite3CodeRowTrigger(pParse, pTrigger, TK_INSERT, 0, TRIGGER_BEFORE, 
        pTab, regCols-pTab->nCol-1, onError, endOfLoop);

    sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, regCols, pTab->nCol+1);
  }

  /* Compute the content of the next row to insert into a range of
  ** registers beginning at regIns.


  */
  if( !isView ){
    if( IsVirtual(pTab) ){
      /* The row that the VUpdate opcode will delete: none */
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, regIns);
    }
    if( ipkColumn>=0 ){
      if( useTempTable ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, srcTab, ipkColumn, regRowid);
      }else if( pSelect ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SCopy, regFromSelect+ipkColumn, regRowid);
      }else{
        VdbeOp *pOp;
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pList->a[ipkColumn].pExpr, regRowid);
        pOp = sqlite3VdbeGetOp(v, -1);
        if( ALWAYS(pOp) && pOp->opcode==OP_Null && !IsVirtual(pTab) ){
          appendFlag = 1;
          pOp->opcode = OP_NewRowid;
          pOp->p1 = iDataCur;
          pOp->p2 = regRowid;
          pOp->p3 = regAutoinc;
        }
      }
      /* If the PRIMARY KEY expression is NULL, then use OP_NewRowid
      ** to generate a unique primary key value.
      */
      if( !appendFlag ){
        int j1;
        if( !IsVirtual(pTab) ){
          j1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_NotNull, regRowid);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NewRowid, iDataCur, regRowid, regAutoinc);
          sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, j1);
        }else{
          j1 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, regRowid, j1+2);
        }
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_MustBeInt, regRowid);
      }
    }else if( IsVirtual(pTab) || withoutRowid ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, regRowid);
    }else{
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NewRowid, iDataCur, regRowid, regAutoinc);
      appendFlag = 1;
    }
    autoIncStep(pParse, regAutoinc, regRowid);

    /* Compute data for all columns of the new entry, beginning
    ** with the first column.
    */
    nHidden = 0;
    for(i=0; i<pTab->nCol; i++){
      int iRegStore = regRowid+1+i;
      if( i==pTab->iPKey ){
        /* The value of the INTEGER PRIMARY KEY column is always a NULL.
        ** Whenever this column is read, the rowid will be substituted
        ** in its place.  Hence, fill this column with a NULL to avoid
        ** taking up data space with information that will never be used. */
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, iRegStore);
        continue;
      }
      if( pColumn==0 ){
        if( IsHiddenColumn(&pTab->aCol[i]) ){
          assert( IsVirtual(pTab) );
................................................................................
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_VUpdate, 1, pTab->nCol+2, regIns, pVTab, P4_VTAB);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, onError==OE_Default ? OE_Abort : onError);
      sqlite3MayAbort(pParse);
    }else
#endif
    {
      int isReplace;    /* Set to true if constraints may cause a replace */
      sqlite3GenerateConstraintChecks(pParse, pTab, aRegIdx, iDataCur, iIdxCur,
          regIns, 0, ipkColumn>=0, onError, endOfLoop, &isReplace
      );
      sqlite3FkCheck(pParse, pTab, 0, regIns, 0, 0);
      sqlite3CompleteInsertion(pParse, pTab, iDataCur, iIdxCur,
                               regIns, aRegIdx, 0, appendFlag, isReplace==0);

    }
  }

  /* Update the count of rows that are inserted
  */
  if( (db->flags & SQLITE_CountRows)!=0 ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, regRowCount, 1);
................................................................................
  }else if( pSelect ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, addrCont);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrInsTop);
  }

  if( !IsVirtual(pTab) && !isView ){
    /* Close all tables opened */
    if( iDataCur<iIdxCur ) sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, iDataCur);
    for(idx=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, idx++){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, idx+iIdxCur);
    }
  }

insert_end:
  /* Update the sqlite_sequence table by storing the content of the
  ** maximum rowid counter values recorded while inserting into
  ** autoincrement tables.
................................................................................
#ifdef pTrigger
 #undef pTrigger
#endif
#ifdef tmask
 #undef tmask
#endif


/*
** Generate code to do constraint checks prior to an INSERT or an UPDATE
** on table pTab.
**
** The regNewData parameter is the first register in a range that contains
** the data to be inserted or the data after the update.  There will be
** pTab->nCol+1 registers in this range.  The first register (the one
** that regNewData points to) will contain the new rowid, or NULL in the
** case of a WITHOUT ROWID table.  The second register in the range will
** contain the content of the first table column.  The third register will
** contain the content of the second table column.  And so forth.
**
** The regOldData parameter is similar to regNewData except that it contains
** the data prior to an UPDATE rather than afterwards.  regOldData is zero
** for an INSERT.  This routine can distinguish between UPDATE and INSERT by
** checking regOldData for zero.
**

** For an UPDATE, the pkChng boolean is true if the true primary key (the
** rowid for a normal table or the PRIMARY KEY for a WITHOUT ROWID table)
** might be modified by the UPDATE.  If pkChng is false, then the key of
** the iDataCur content table is guaranteed to be unchanged by the UPDATE.
**




** For an INSERT, the pkChng boolean indicates whether or not the rowid
** was explicitly specified as part of the INSERT statement.  If pkChng



** is zero, it means that the either rowid is computed automatically or
** that the table is a WITHOUT ROWID table and has no rowid.  On an INSERT,
** pkChng will only be true if the INSERT statement provides an integer
** value for either the rowid column or its INTEGER PRIMARY KEY alias.
**
** The code generated by this routine will store new index entries into
** registers identified by aRegIdx[].  No index entry is created for
** indices where aRegIdx[i]==0.  The order of indices in aRegIdx[] is
** the same as the order of indices on the linked list of indices

** at pTab->pIndex.
**
** The caller must have already opened writeable cursors on the main
** table and all applicable indices (that is to say, all indices for which
** aRegIdx[] is not zero).  iDataCur is the cursor for the main table when
** inserting or updating a rowid table, or the cursor for the PRIMARY KEY
** index when operating on a WITHOUT ROWID table.  iIdxCur is the cursor
** for the first index in the pTab->pIndex list.  Cursors for other indices
** are at iIdxCur+N for the N-th element of the pTab->pIndex list.
**
** This routine also generates code to check constraints.  NOT NULL,
** CHECK, and UNIQUE constraints are all checked.  If a constraint fails,
** then the appropriate action is performed.  There are five possible
** actions: ROLLBACK, ABORT, FAIL, REPLACE, and IGNORE.
**
**  Constraint type  Action       What Happens
**  ---------------  ----------   ----------------------------------------
**  any              ROLLBACK     The current transaction is rolled back and
**                                sqlite3_step() returns immediately with a
**                                return code of SQLITE_CONSTRAINT.
**
**  any              ABORT        Back out changes from the current command
**                                only (do not do a complete rollback) then
**                                cause sqlite3_step() to return immediately
**                                with SQLITE_CONSTRAINT.
**
**  any              FAIL         Sqlite3_step() returns immediately with a
**                                return code of SQLITE_CONSTRAINT.  The
**                                transaction is not rolled back and any
**                                changes to prior rows are retained.
**
**  any              IGNORE       The attempt in insert or update the current
**                                row is skipped, without throwing an error.
**                                Processing continues with the next row.
**                                (There is an immediate jump to ignoreDest.)
**
**  NOT NULL         REPLACE      The NULL value is replace by the default
**                                value for that column.  If the default value
**                                is NULL, the action is the same as ABORT.
**
**  UNIQUE           REPLACE      The other row that conflicts with the row
**                                being inserted is removed.
................................................................................
**
**  CHECK            REPLACE      Illegal.  The results in an exception.
**
** Which action to take is determined by the overrideError parameter.
** Or if overrideError==OE_Default, then the pParse->onError parameter
** is used.  Or if pParse->onError==OE_Default then the onError value
** for the constraint is used.






*/
void sqlite3GenerateConstraintChecks(
  Parse *pParse,       /* The parser context */
  Table *pTab,         /* The table being inserted or updated */
  int *aRegIdx,        /* Use register aRegIdx[i] for index i.  0 for unused */
  int iDataCur,        /* Canonical data cursor (main table or PK index) */
  int iIdxCur,         /* First index cursor */
  int regNewData,      /* First register in a range holding values to insert */
  int regOldData,      /* Previous content.  0 for INSERTs */
  u8 pkChng,           /* Non-zero if the rowid or PRIMARY KEY changed */
  u8 overrideError,    /* Override onError to this if not OE_Default */
  int ignoreDest,      /* Jump to this label on an OE_Ignore resolution */
  int *pbMayReplace    /* OUT: Set to true if constraint may cause a replace */
){

  Vdbe *v;             /* VDBE under constrution */
  Index *pIdx;         /* Pointer to one of the indices */
  Index *pPk = 0;      /* The PRIMARY KEY index */
  sqlite3 *db;         /* Database connection */
  int i;               /* loop counter */
  int ix;              /* Index loop counter */
  int nCol;            /* Number of columns */
  int onError;         /* Conflict resolution strategy */
  int j1;              /* Addresss of jump instruction */





  int seenReplace = 0; /* True if REPLACE is used to resolve INT PK conflict */

  int nPkField;        /* Number of fields in PRIMARY KEY. 1 for ROWID tables */
  int ipkTop = 0;      /* Top of the rowid change constraint check */
  int ipkBottom = 0;   /* Bottom of the rowid change constraint check */
  u8 isUpdate;         /* True if this is an UPDATE operation */

  isUpdate = regOldData!=0;
  db = pParse->db;
  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  assert( v!=0 );
  assert( pTab->pSelect==0 );  /* This table is not a VIEW */
  nCol = pTab->nCol;

  
  /* pPk is the PRIMARY KEY index for WITHOUT ROWID tables and NULL for
  ** normal rowid tables.  nPkField is the number of key fields in the 
  ** pPk index or 1 for a rowid table.  In other words, nPkField is the
  ** number of fields in the true primary key of the table. */
  if( HasRowid(pTab) ){
    pPk = 0;
    nPkField = 1;
  }else{
    pPk = sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pTab);
    nPkField = pPk->nKeyCol;
  }

  /* Record that this module has started */
  VdbeModuleComment((v, "BEGIN: GenCnstCks(%d,%d,%d,%d,%d)",
                     iDataCur, iIdxCur, regNewData, regOldData, pkChng));

  /* Test all NOT NULL constraints.
  */
  for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
    if( i==pTab->iPKey ){
      continue;
    }
................................................................................
      onError = OE_Abort;
    }
    assert( onError==OE_Rollback || onError==OE_Abort || onError==OE_Fail
        || onError==OE_Ignore || onError==OE_Replace );
    switch( onError ){
      case OE_Abort:
        sqlite3MayAbort(pParse);
        /* Fall through */
      case OE_Rollback:
      case OE_Fail: {
        char *zMsg = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%s.%s", pTab->zName,
                                    pTab->aCol[i].zName);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_HaltIfNull, SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_NOTNULL, onError,
                          regNewData+1+i, zMsg, P4_DYNAMIC);
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, P5_ConstraintNotNull);
        break;
      }
      case OE_Ignore: {
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, regNewData+1+i, ignoreDest);
        break;
      }
      default: {
        assert( onError==OE_Replace );
        j1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_NotNull, regNewData+1+i);
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pTab->aCol[i].pDflt, regNewData+1+i);
        sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, j1);
        break;
      }
    }
  }

  /* Test all CHECK constraints
  */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK
  if( pTab->pCheck && (db->flags & SQLITE_IgnoreChecks)==0 ){
    ExprList *pCheck = pTab->pCheck;
    pParse->ckBase = regNewData+1;
    onError = overrideError!=OE_Default ? overrideError : OE_Abort;
    for(i=0; i<pCheck->nExpr; i++){
      int allOk = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
      sqlite3ExprIfTrue(pParse, pCheck->a[i].pExpr, allOk, SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
      if( onError==OE_Ignore ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, ignoreDest);
      }else{
        char *zName = pCheck->a[i].zName;
        if( zName==0 ) zName = pTab->zName;
        if( onError==OE_Replace ) onError = OE_Abort; /* IMP: R-15569-63625 */





        sqlite3HaltConstraint(pParse, SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_CHECK,

                              onError, zName, P4_TRANSIENT,
                              P5_ConstraintCheck);
      }
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, allOk);
    }
  }
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK) */

  /* If rowid is changing, make sure the new rowid does not previously
  ** exist in the table.

  */
  if( pkChng && pPk==0 ){
    int addrRowidOk = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);

    /* Figure out what action to take in case of a rowid collision */
    onError = pTab->keyConf;
    if( overrideError!=OE_Default ){
      onError = overrideError;
    }else if( onError==OE_Default ){
      onError = OE_Abort;
    }

    if( isUpdate ){
      /* pkChng!=0 does not mean that the rowid has change, only that
      ** it might have changed.  Skip the conflict logic below if the rowid
      ** is unchanged. */
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Eq, regNewData, addrRowidOk, regOldData);
    }

    /* If the response to a rowid conflict is REPLACE but the response
    ** to some other UNIQUE constraint is FAIL or IGNORE, then we need
    ** to defer the running of the rowid conflict checking until after
    ** the UNIQUE constraints have run.
    */
    if( onError==OE_Replace && overrideError!=OE_Replace ){
      for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
        if( pIdx->onError==OE_Ignore || pIdx->onError==OE_Fail ){
          ipkTop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Goto);
          break;
        }
      }
    }

    /* Check to see if the new rowid already exists in the table.  Skip
    ** the following conflict logic if it does not. */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, iDataCur, addrRowidOk, regNewData);

    /* Generate code that deals with a rowid collision */
    switch( onError ){
      default: {
        onError = OE_Abort;
        /* Fall thru into the next case */
      }
      case OE_Rollback:
      case OE_Abort:
      case OE_Fail: {
        sqlite3RowidConstraint(pParse, onError, pTab);

        break;
      }
      case OE_Replace: {
        /* If there are DELETE triggers on this table and the
        ** recursive-triggers flag is set, call GenerateRowDelete() to
        ** remove the conflicting row from the table. This will fire
        ** the triggers and remove both the table and index b-tree entries.
................................................................................
        */
        Trigger *pTrigger = 0;
        if( db->flags&SQLITE_RecTriggers ){
          pTrigger = sqlite3TriggersExist(pParse, pTab, TK_DELETE, 0, 0);
        }
        if( pTrigger || sqlite3FkRequired(pParse, pTab, 0, 0) ){
          sqlite3MultiWrite(pParse);
          sqlite3GenerateRowDelete(pParse, pTab, pTrigger, iDataCur, iIdxCur,
                                   regNewData, 1, 0, OE_Replace, 1);

        }else{
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_PREUPDATE_HOOK
          if( HasRowid(pTab) ){
            /* This OP_Delete opcode fires the pre-update-hook only. It does
            ** not modify the b-tree. It is more efficient to let the coming
            ** OP_Insert replace the existing entry than it is to delete the
            ** existing entry and then insert a new one. */
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Delete, iDataCur, OPFLAG_ISNOOP);
            sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char *)pTab, P4_TABLE);
          }
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_PREUPDATE_HOOK */
          if( pTab->pIndex ){
            sqlite3MultiWrite(pParse);
            sqlite3GenerateRowIndexDelete(pParse, pTab, iDataCur, iIdxCur, 0);
          }
        }
        seenReplace = 1;
        break;
      }
      case OE_Ignore: {
        /*assert( seenReplace==0 );*/
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, ignoreDest);
        break;
      }
    }
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrRowidOk);
    if( ipkTop ){
      ipkBottom = sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Goto);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, ipkTop);
    }
  }

  /* Test all UNIQUE constraints by creating entries for each UNIQUE
  ** index and making sure that duplicate entries do not already exist.
  ** Compute the revised record entries for indices as we go.
  **
  ** This loop also handles the case of the PRIMARY KEY index for a
  ** WITHOUT ROWID table.
  */
  for(ix=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, ix++){



    int regIdx;          /* Range of registers hold conent for pIdx */
    int regR;            /* Range of registers holding conflicting PK */
    int iThisCur;        /* Cursor for this UNIQUE index */
    int addrUniqueOk;    /* Jump here if the UNIQUE constraint is satisfied */

    if( aRegIdx[ix]==0 ) continue;  /* Skip indices that do not change */
    iThisCur = iIdxCur+ix;
    addrUniqueOk = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);

    /* Skip partial indices for which the WHERE clause is not true */
    if( pIdx->pPartIdxWhere ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, aRegIdx[ix]);

      pParse->ckBase = regNewData+1;
      sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, pIdx->pPartIdxWhere, addrUniqueOk,
                         SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
      pParse->ckBase = 0;
    }

    /* Create a record for this index entry as it should appear after
    ** the insert or update.  Store that record in the aRegIdx[ix] register
    */
    regIdx = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, pIdx->nColumn);
    for(i=0; i<pIdx->nColumn; i++){
      int iField = pIdx->aiColumn[i];
      int x;
      if( iField<0 || iField==pTab->iPKey ){

        x = regNewData;
      }else{

        x = iField + regNewData + 1;
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SCopy, x, regIdx+i);
      VdbeComment((v, "%s", iField<0 ? "rowid" : pTab->aCol[iField].zName));
    }

    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regIdx, pIdx->nColumn, aRegIdx[ix]);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, sqlite3IndexAffinityStr(v, pIdx), P4_TRANSIENT);
    VdbeComment((v, "for %s", pIdx->zName));
    sqlite3ExprCacheAffinityChange(pParse, regIdx, pIdx->nColumn);

    /* In an UPDATE operation, if this index is the PRIMARY KEY index 
    ** of a WITHOUT ROWID table and there has been no change the
    ** primary key, then no collision is possible.  The collision detection
    ** logic below can all be skipped. */
    if( isUpdate && pPk==pIdx && pkChng==0 ){
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrUniqueOk);
      continue;
    }

    /* Find out what action to take in case there is a uniqueness conflict */
    onError = pIdx->onError;
    if( onError==OE_None ){ 
      sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, regIdx, pIdx->nColumn);
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrUniqueOk);
      continue;  /* pIdx is not a UNIQUE index */
    }
    if( overrideError!=OE_Default ){
      onError = overrideError;
    }else if( onError==OE_Default ){
      onError = OE_Abort;
    }



    
    /* Check to see if the new index entry will be unique */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_NoConflict, iThisCur, addrUniqueOk,
                         regIdx, pIdx->nKeyCol);

    /* Generate code to handle collisions */
    regR = (pIdx==pPk) ? regIdx : sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, nPkField);
    if( HasRowid(pTab) ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxRowid, iThisCur, regR);
      /* Conflict only if the rowid of the existing index entry
      ** is different from old-rowid */
      if( isUpdate ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Eq, regR, addrUniqueOk, regOldData);
      }
    }else{
      int x;
      /* Extract the PRIMARY KEY from the end of the index entry and
      ** store it in registers regR..regR+nPk-1 */
      if( (isUpdate || onError==OE_Replace) && pIdx!=pPk ){
        for(i=0; i<pPk->nKeyCol; i++){
          x = sqlite3ColumnOfIndex(pIdx, pPk->aiColumn[i]);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iThisCur, x, regR+i);
          VdbeComment((v, "%s.%s", pTab->zName,
                       pTab->aCol[pPk->aiColumn[i]].zName));
        }
      }
      if( isUpdate ){
        /* If currently processing the PRIMARY KEY of a WITHOUT ROWID 
        ** table, only conflict if the new PRIMARY KEY values are actually
        ** different from the old.
        **
        ** For a UNIQUE index, only conflict if the PRIMARY KEY values
        ** of the matched index row are different from the original PRIMARY
        ** KEY values of this row before the update.  */
        int addrJump = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)+pPk->nKeyCol;
        int op = OP_Ne;
        int regCmp = (pIdx->autoIndex==2 ? regIdx : regR);

        for(i=0; i<pPk->nKeyCol; i++){
          char *p4 = (char*)sqlite3LocateCollSeq(pParse, pPk->azColl[i]);
          x = pPk->aiColumn[i];
          if( i==(pPk->nKeyCol-1) ){
            addrJump = addrUniqueOk;
            op = OP_Eq;
          }
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, op, 



              regOldData+1+x, addrJump, regCmp+i, p4, P4_COLLSEQ
          );
        }
      }
    }

    /* Generate code that executes if the new index entry is not unique */
    assert( onError==OE_Rollback || onError==OE_Abort || onError==OE_Fail
        || onError==OE_Ignore || onError==OE_Replace );
    switch( onError ){
      case OE_Rollback:
      case OE_Abort:
      case OE_Fail: {

















        sqlite3UniqueConstraint(pParse, onError, pIdx);


        break;
      }
      case OE_Ignore: {

        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, ignoreDest);
        break;
      }
      default: {
        Trigger *pTrigger = 0;
        assert( onError==OE_Replace );
        sqlite3MultiWrite(pParse);
        if( db->flags&SQLITE_RecTriggers ){
          pTrigger = sqlite3TriggersExist(pParse, pTab, TK_DELETE, 0, 0);
        }
        sqlite3GenerateRowDelete(pParse, pTab, pTrigger, iDataCur, iIdxCur,
                                 regR, nPkField, 0, OE_Replace, pIdx==pPk);

        seenReplace = 1;
        break;
      }
    }

    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrUniqueOk);
    sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, regIdx, pIdx->nColumn);
    if( regR!=regIdx ) sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, regR, nPkField);
  }
  if( ipkTop ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, ipkTop+1);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, ipkBottom);
  }


  
  *pbMayReplace = seenReplace;
  VdbeModuleComment((v, "END: GenCnstCks(%d)", seenReplace));
}

/*
** This routine generates code to finish the INSERT or UPDATE operation
** that was started by a prior call to sqlite3GenerateConstraintChecks.
** A consecutive range of registers starting at regNewData contains the
** rowid and the content to be inserted.
**
** The arguments to this routine should be the same as the first six
** arguments to sqlite3GenerateConstraintChecks.
*/
void sqlite3CompleteInsertion(
  Parse *pParse,      /* The parser context */
  Table *pTab,        /* the table into which we are inserting */
  int iDataCur,       /* Cursor of the canonical data source */
  int iIdxCur,        /* First index cursor */
  int regNewData,     /* Range of content */
  int *aRegIdx,       /* Register used by each index.  0 for unused indices */
  int isUpdate,       /* True for UPDATE, False for INSERT */
  int appendBias,     /* True if this is likely to be an append */
  int useSeekResult   /* True to set the USESEEKRESULT flag on OP_[Idx]Insert */
){
  Vdbe *v;            /* Prepared statements under construction */
  Index *pIdx;        /* An index being inserted or updated */
  u8 pik_flags;       /* flag values passed to the btree insert */
  int regData;        /* Content registers (after the rowid) */
  int regRec;         /* Register holding assemblied record for the table */
  int i;              /* Loop counter */

  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  assert( v!=0 );
  assert( pTab->pSelect==0 );  /* This table is not a VIEW */
  for(i=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, i++){
    if( aRegIdx[i]==0 ) continue;
    if( pIdx->pPartIdxWhere ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, aRegIdx[i], sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)+2);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxInsert, iIdxCur+i, aRegIdx[i]);
    pik_flags = 0;
    if( useSeekResult ) pik_flags = OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT;

    if( pIdx->autoIndex==2 && !HasRowid(pTab) ){
      assert( pParse->nested==0 );
      pik_flags |= OPFLAG_NCHANGE;
    }
    if( pik_flags )  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, pik_flags);
  }
  if( !HasRowid(pTab) ) return;
  regData = regNewData + 1;
  regRec = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regData, pTab->nCol, regRec);
  sqlite3TableAffinityStr(v, pTab);
  sqlite3ExprCacheAffinityChange(pParse, regData, pTab->nCol);
  if( pParse->nested ){
    pik_flags = 0;
  }else{
................................................................................
  }
  if( appendBias ){
    pik_flags |= OPFLAG_APPEND;
  }
  if( useSeekResult ){
    pik_flags |= OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT;
  }
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, iDataCur, regRec, regNewData);
  if( !pParse->nested ){
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char *)pTab, P4_TABLE);
  }
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, pik_flags);
}

/*
** Allocate cursors for the pTab table and all its indices and generate
** code to open and initialized those cursors.

**
** The cursor for the object that contains the complete data (normally
** the table itself, but the PRIMARY KEY index in the case of a WITHOUT
** ROWID table) is returned in *piDataCur.  The first index cursor is
** returned in *piIdxCur.  The number of indices is returned.
**
** Use iBase as the first cursor (either the *piDataCur for rowid tables
** or the first index for WITHOUT ROWID tables) if it is non-negative.
** If iBase is negative, then allocate the next available cursor.
**
** For a rowid table, *piDataCur will be exactly one less than *piIdxCur.
** For a WITHOUT ROWID table, *piDataCur will be somewhere in the range
** of *piIdxCurs, depending on where the PRIMARY KEY index appears on the
** pTab->pIndex list.
*/
int sqlite3OpenTableAndIndices(
  Parse *pParse,   /* Parsing context */
  Table *pTab,     /* Table to be opened */

  int op,          /* OP_OpenRead or OP_OpenWrite */
  int iBase,       /* Use this for the table cursor, if there is one */
  int *piDataCur,  /* Write the database source cursor number here */
  int *piIdxCur    /* Write the first index cursor number here */
){
  int i;
  int iDb;
  Index *pIdx;
  Vdbe *v;

  assert( op==OP_OpenRead || op==OP_OpenWrite );
  if( IsVirtual(pTab) ){
    *piDataCur = 0;
    *piIdxCur = 1;
    return 0;
  }
  iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(pParse->db, pTab->pSchema);
  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  assert( v!=0 );
  if( iBase<0 ) iBase = pParse->nTab;
  if( HasRowid(pTab) ){
    *piDataCur = iBase++;
    sqlite3OpenTable(pParse, *piDataCur, iDb, pTab, op);
  }else{
    sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDb, pTab->tnum, op==OP_OpenWrite, pTab->zName);
  }
  *piIdxCur = iBase;
  for(i=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, i++){

    int iIdxCur = iBase++;
    assert( pIdx->pSchema==pTab->pSchema );
    if( pIdx->autoIndex==2 && !HasRowid(pTab) ) *piDataCur = iIdxCur;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, op, iIdxCur, pIdx->tnum, iDb);

    sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(pParse, pIdx);
    VdbeComment((v, "%s", pIdx->zName));
  }

  if( iBase>pParse->nTab ) pParse->nTab = iBase;

  return i;
}


#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
/*
** The following global variable is incremented whenever the
** transfer optimization is used.  This is used for testing
................................................................................
**    *   The same collating sequence on each column
**    *   The index has the exact same WHERE clause
*/
static int xferCompatibleIndex(Index *pDest, Index *pSrc){
  int i;
  assert( pDest && pSrc );
  assert( pDest->pTable!=pSrc->pTable );
  if( pDest->nKeyCol!=pSrc->nKeyCol ){
    return 0;   /* Different number of columns */
  }
  if( pDest->onError!=pSrc->onError ){
    return 0;   /* Different conflict resolution strategies */
  }
  for(i=0; i<pSrc->nKeyCol; i++){
    if( pSrc->aiColumn[i]!=pDest->aiColumn[i] ){
      return 0;   /* Different columns indexed */
    }
    if( pSrc->aSortOrder[i]!=pDest->aSortOrder[i] ){
      return 0;   /* Different sort orders */
    }
    if( !xferCompatibleCollation(pSrc->azColl[i],pDest->azColl[i]) ){
................................................................................
  Table *pSrc;                     /* The table in the FROM clause of SELECT */
  Index *pSrcIdx, *pDestIdx;       /* Source and destination indices */
  struct SrcList_item *pItem;      /* An element of pSelect->pSrc */
  int i;                           /* Loop counter */
  int iDbSrc;                      /* The database of pSrc */
  int iSrc, iDest;                 /* Cursors from source and destination */
  int addr1, addr2;                /* Loop addresses */
  int emptyDestTest = 0;           /* Address of test for empty pDest */
  int emptySrcTest = 0;            /* Address of test for empty pSrc */
  Vdbe *v;                         /* The VDBE we are building */

  int regAutoinc;                  /* Memory register used by AUTOINC */
  int destHasUniqueIdx = 0;        /* True if pDest has a UNIQUE index */
  int regData, regRowid;           /* Registers holding data and rowid */

  if( pSelect==0 ){
    return 0;   /* Must be of the form  INSERT INTO ... SELECT ... */
  }
................................................................................
  pSrc = sqlite3LocateTableItem(pParse, 0, pItem);
  if( pSrc==0 ){
    return 0;   /* FROM clause does not contain a real table */
  }
  if( pSrc==pDest ){
    return 0;   /* tab1 and tab2 may not be the same table */
  }
  if( HasRowid(pDest)!=HasRowid(pSrc) ){
    return 0;   /* source and destination must both be WITHOUT ROWID or not */
  }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  if( pSrc->tabFlags & TF_Virtual ){
    return 0;   /* tab2 must not be a virtual table */
  }
#endif
  if( pSrc->pSelect ){
    return 0;   /* tab2 may not be a view */
................................................................................
#endif
  iDbSrc = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(pParse->db, pSrc->pSchema);
  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iDbSrc);
  iSrc = pParse->nTab++;
  iDest = pParse->nTab++;
  regAutoinc = autoIncBegin(pParse, iDbDest, pDest);
  regData = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
  regRowid = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
  sqlite3OpenTable(pParse, iDest, iDbDest, pDest, OP_OpenWrite);
  assert( HasRowid(pDest) || destHasUniqueIdx );
  if( (pDest->iPKey<0 && pDest->pIndex!=0)          /* (1) */
   || destHasUniqueIdx                              /* (2) */
   || (onError!=OE_Abort && onError!=OE_Rollback)   /* (3) */
  ){
    /* In some circumstances, we are able to run the xfer optimization
    ** only if the destination table is initially empty.  This code makes
    ** that determination.  Conditions under which the destination must
................................................................................
    **     is unable to test uniqueness.)
    **
    ** (3) onError is something other than OE_Abort and OE_Rollback.
    */
    addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iDest, 0);
    emptyDestTest = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, 0);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr1);


  }
  if( HasRowid(pSrc) ){
    sqlite3OpenTable(pParse, iSrc, iDbSrc, pSrc, OP_OpenRead);
    emptySrcTest = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iSrc, 0);


    if( pDest->iPKey>=0 ){
      addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rowid, iSrc, regRowid);
      addr2 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, iDest, 0, regRowid);
      sqlite3RowidConstraint(pParse, onError, pDest);

      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr2);
      autoIncStep(pParse, regAutoinc, regRowid);
    }else if( pDest->pIndex==0 ){
      addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, iDest, regRowid);
    }else{
      addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rowid, iSrc, regRowid);
      assert( (pDest->tabFlags & TF_Autoincrement)==0 );
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_RowData, iSrc, regData);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, iDest, regData, regRowid);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_NCHANGE|OPFLAG_LASTROWID|OPFLAG_APPEND);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char*)pDest, P4_TABLE);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iSrc, addr1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, iSrc, 0);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, iDest, 0);
  }else{
    sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDbDest, pDest->tnum, 1, pDest->zName);
    sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDbSrc, pSrc->tnum, 0, pSrc->zName);
  }
  for(pDestIdx=pDest->pIndex; pDestIdx; pDestIdx=pDestIdx->pNext){
    for(pSrcIdx=pSrc->pIndex; ALWAYS(pSrcIdx); pSrcIdx=pSrcIdx->pNext){
      if( xferCompatibleIndex(pDestIdx, pSrcIdx) ) break;
    }
    assert( pSrcIdx );
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenRead, iSrc, pSrcIdx->tnum, iDbSrc);

    sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(pParse, pSrcIdx);


    VdbeComment((v, "%s", pSrcIdx->zName));

    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenWrite, iDest, pDestIdx->tnum, iDbDest);

    sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(pParse, pDestIdx);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_BULKCSR);
    VdbeComment((v, "%s", pDestIdx->zName));
    addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iSrc, 0);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_RowKey, iSrc, regData);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_IdxInsert, iDest, regData, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iSrc, addr1+1);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, iSrc, 0);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, iDest, 0);
  }
  sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, emptySrcTest);
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regRowid);
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regData);


  if( emptyDestTest ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Halt, SQLITE_OK, 0);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, emptyDestTest);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, iDest, 0);
    return 0;
  }else{
    return 1;
  }
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_XFER_OPT */

Changes to src/main.c.

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                                zName = "SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_PRIMARYKEY";   break;
      case SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_NOTNULL: zName = "SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_NOTNULL";break;
      case SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_COMMITHOOK:
                                zName = "SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_COMMITHOOK";   break;
      case SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_VTAB:    zName = "SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_VTAB";   break;
      case SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_FUNCTION:
                                zName = "SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_FUNCTION";     break;

      case SQLITE_MISMATCH:           zName = "SQLITE_MISMATCH";          break;
      case SQLITE_MISUSE:             zName = "SQLITE_MISUSE";            break;
      case SQLITE_NOLFS:              zName = "SQLITE_NOLFS";             break;
      case SQLITE_AUTH:               zName = "SQLITE_AUTH";              break;
      case SQLITE_FORMAT:             zName = "SQLITE_FORMAT";            break;
      case SQLITE_RANGE:              zName = "SQLITE_RANGE";             break;
      case SQLITE_NOTADB:             zName = "SQLITE_NOTADB";            break;
................................................................................
** Return a string that describes the kind of error specified in the
** argument.  For now, this simply calls the internal sqlite3ErrStr()
** function.
*/
const char *sqlite3_errstr(int rc){
  return sqlite3ErrStr(rc);
}



























/*
** Create a new collating function for database "db".  The name is zName
** and the encoding is enc.
*/
static int createCollation(
  sqlite3* db,
................................................................................
  if( pColl && pColl->xCmp ){
    if( db->nVdbeActive ){
      sqlite3Error(db, SQLITE_BUSY, 
        "unable to delete/modify collation sequence due to active statements");
      return SQLITE_BUSY;
    }
    sqlite3ExpirePreparedStatements(db);


    /* If collation sequence pColl was created directly by a call to
    ** sqlite3_create_collation, and not generated by synthCollSeq(),
    ** then any copies made by synthCollSeq() need to be invalidated.
    ** Also, collation destructor - CollSeq.xDel() - function may need
    ** to be called.
    */ 







>







 







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>







 







>







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                                zName = "SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_PRIMARYKEY";   break;
      case SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_NOTNULL: zName = "SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_NOTNULL";break;
      case SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_COMMITHOOK:
                                zName = "SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_COMMITHOOK";   break;
      case SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_VTAB:    zName = "SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_VTAB";   break;
      case SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_FUNCTION:
                                zName = "SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_FUNCTION";     break;
      case SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_ROWID:   zName = "SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_ROWID";  break;
      case SQLITE_MISMATCH:           zName = "SQLITE_MISMATCH";          break;
      case SQLITE_MISUSE:             zName = "SQLITE_MISUSE";            break;
      case SQLITE_NOLFS:              zName = "SQLITE_NOLFS";             break;
      case SQLITE_AUTH:               zName = "SQLITE_AUTH";              break;
      case SQLITE_FORMAT:             zName = "SQLITE_FORMAT";            break;
      case SQLITE_RANGE:              zName = "SQLITE_RANGE";             break;
      case SQLITE_NOTADB:             zName = "SQLITE_NOTADB";            break;
................................................................................
** Return a string that describes the kind of error specified in the
** argument.  For now, this simply calls the internal sqlite3ErrStr()
** function.
*/
const char *sqlite3_errstr(int rc){
  return sqlite3ErrStr(rc);
}

/*
** Invalidate all cached KeyInfo objects for database connection "db"
*/
static void invalidateCachedKeyInfo(sqlite3 *db){
  Db *pDb;                    /* A single database */
  int iDb;                    /* The database index number */
  HashElem *k;                /* For looping over tables in pDb */
  Table *pTab;                /* A table in the database */
  Index *pIdx;                /* Each index */

  for(iDb=0, pDb=db->aDb; iDb<db->nDb; iDb++, pDb++){
    if( pDb->pBt==0 ) continue;
    sqlite3BtreeEnter(pDb->pBt);
    for(k=sqliteHashFirst(&pDb->pSchema->tblHash);  k; k=sqliteHashNext(k)){
      pTab = (Table*)sqliteHashData(k);
      for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
        if( pIdx->pKeyInfo && pIdx->pKeyInfo->db==db ){
          sqlite3KeyInfoUnref(pIdx->pKeyInfo);
          pIdx->pKeyInfo = 0;
        }
      }
    }
    sqlite3BtreeLeave(pDb->pBt);
  }
}

/*
** Create a new collating function for database "db".  The name is zName
** and the encoding is enc.
*/
static int createCollation(
  sqlite3* db,
................................................................................
  if( pColl && pColl->xCmp ){
    if( db->nVdbeActive ){
      sqlite3Error(db, SQLITE_BUSY, 
        "unable to delete/modify collation sequence due to active statements");
      return SQLITE_BUSY;
    }
    sqlite3ExpirePreparedStatements(db);
    invalidateCachedKeyInfo(db);

    /* If collation sequence pColl was created directly by a call to
    ** sqlite3_create_collation, and not generated by synthCollSeq(),
    ** then any copies made by synthCollSeq() need to be invalidated.
    ** Also, collation destructor - CollSeq.xDel() - function may need
    ** to be called.
    */ 

Changes to src/os_unix.c.

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** Lower the locking level on file descriptor pFile to eFileLock.  eFileLock
** must be either NO_LOCK or SHARED_LOCK.
**
** If the locking level of the file descriptor is already at or below
** the requested locking level, this routine is a no-op.
*/
static int unixUnlock(sqlite3_file *id, int eFileLock){

  assert( eFileLock==SHARED_LOCK || ((unixFile *)id)->nFetchOut==0 );

  return posixUnlock(id, eFileLock, 0);
}

#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
static int unixMapfile(unixFile *pFd, i64 nByte);
static void unixUnmapfile(unixFile *pFd);
#endif







>

>







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** Lower the locking level on file descriptor pFile to eFileLock.  eFileLock
** must be either NO_LOCK or SHARED_LOCK.
**
** If the locking level of the file descriptor is already at or below
** the requested locking level, this routine is a no-op.
*/
static int unixUnlock(sqlite3_file *id, int eFileLock){
#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
  assert( eFileLock==SHARED_LOCK || ((unixFile *)id)->nFetchOut==0 );
#endif
  return posixUnlock(id, eFileLock, 0);
}

#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
static int unixMapfile(unixFile *pFd, i64 nByte);
static void unixUnmapfile(unixFile *pFd);
#endif

Changes to src/os_win.c.

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984
985
986
987
988
989
990
991
992
993
994
995
996
997
....
1070
1071
1072
1073
1074
1075
1076
























































































1077
1078
1079
1080
1081
1082
1083
....
1249
1250
1251
1252
1253
1254
1255
1256
1257
1258
1259
1260
1261
1262
1263
....
1275
1276
1277
1278
1279
1280
1281
1282

1283
1284
1285
1286
1287
1288
1289
....
1317
1318
1319
1320
1321
1322
1323



1324
1325
1326
1327
1328
1329
1330
....
3986
3987
3988
3989
3990
3991
3992
3993

3994
3995

3996
3997

3998







3999
4000
4001
4002
4003
4004
4005
....
4006
4007
4008
4009
4010
4011
4012
4013

4014
4015
4016
4017
4018
4019
4020
4021
4022
4023
4024
4025
4026
4027
4028
4029
4030
4031
4032
4033
4034
4035

4036
4037
4038
4039
4040










4041
4042
4043
4044
4045
4046
4047
....
4062
4063
4064
4065
4066
4067
4068
4069
4070
4071
4072
4073
4074
4075
4076
4077
4078
4079
4080
4081
4082
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4084
4085
4086
4087
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4089
4090
4091
4092
4093
4094
4095
4096
4097
4098
4099
4100
4101
4102
4103
4104
4105
4106
....
4107
4108
4109
4110
4111
4112
4113
4114
4115
4116
4117
4118
4119
4120
4121
4122
4123
4124
4125
4126
4127
4128
4129
4130
4131
4132
4133
4134
4135
4136
4137
4138
4139
4140
4141
4142
4143
4144
4145
4146
4147
4148
4149
4150
4151
4152
4153
4154
4155
4156
4157
4158
4159
4160
4161
4162
4163
4164
4165
4166
4167
4168
4169
4170
4171
4172
4173
4174
4175
4176
4177
4178
4179
4180
4181
4182
4183












4184




4185



4186
4187
4188
4189

4190
4191
4192
4193
4194
4195
4196
4197
4198
4199
4200
4201
4202
....
4243
4244
4245
4246
4247
4248
4249
4250
4251
4252
4253
4254
4255
4256
4257
....
4534
4535
4536
4537
4538
4539
4540
4541
4542
4543
4544
4545
4546
4547
4548
....
4642
4643
4644
4645
4646
4647
4648
4649
4650
4651
4652
4653
4654
4655
4656
....
4788
4789
4790
4791
4792
4793
4794
4795
4796
4797
4798
4799
4800
4801
4802
4803
....
4811
4812
4813
4814
4815
4816
4817
4818
4819
4820
4821
4822
4823
4824
4825
4826
....
4844
4845
4846
4847
4848
4849
4850
4851
4852
4853
4854
4855
4856
4857
4858
4859
....
5183
5184
5185
5186
5187
5188
5189
5190
5191
5192
5193
5194
5195
5196
5197
** Make sure at least one set of Win32 APIs is available.
*/
#if !defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI) && !defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_WIDE)
#  error "At least one of SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI and SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_WIDE\
 must be defined."
#endif








/*
** Maximum pathname length (in chars) for Win32.  This should normally be
** MAX_PATH.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_PATH_CHARS
#  define SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_PATH_CHARS   (MAX_PATH)
#endif

/*







** Maximum pathname length (in chars) for WinNT.  This should normally be
** 32767.

*/
#ifndef SQLITE_WINNT_MAX_PATH_CHARS
#  define SQLITE_WINNT_MAX_PATH_CHARS   (32767)
#endif

/*
** Maximum pathname length (in bytes) for Win32.  The MAX_PATH macro is in
** characters, so we allocate 3 bytes per character assuming worst-case of
** 4-bytes-per-character for UTF8.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_PATH_BYTES
#  define SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_PATH_BYTES   (SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_PATH_CHARS*4)
#endif

/*
** Maximum pathname length (in bytes) for WinNT.  This should normally be
** 32767 * sizeof(WCHAR).
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_WINNT_MAX_PATH_BYTES
#  define SQLITE_WINNT_MAX_PATH_BYTES   \
                            (sizeof(WCHAR) * SQLITE_WINNT_MAX_PATH_CHARS)
#endif

/*
................................................................................
** [sometimes] not used by the code (e.g. via conditional compilation).
*/
#ifndef UNUSED_VARIABLE_VALUE
#  define UNUSED_VARIABLE_VALUE(x) (void)(x)
#endif

/*
** Returns the string that should be used as the directory separator.
*/
#ifndef winGetDirDep
#  ifdef __CYGWIN__
#    define winGetDirDep()              "/"
#  else
#    define winGetDirDep()              "\\"
#  endif
#endif

/*
** Do we need to manually define the Win32 file mapping APIs for use with WAL
** mode (e.g. these APIs are available in the Windows CE SDK; however, they
** are not present in the header file)?
*/
................................................................................
/*
** The winMemData structure stores information required by the Win32-specific
** sqlite3_mem_methods implementation.
*/
typedef struct winMemData winMemData;
struct winMemData {
#ifndef NDEBUG
  u32 magic;    /* Magic number to detect structure corruption. */
#endif
  HANDLE hHeap; /* The handle to our heap. */
  BOOL bOwned;  /* Do we own the heap (i.e. destroy it on shutdown)? */



};

#ifndef NDEBUG
#define WINMEM_MAGIC     0x42b2830b

#endif

static struct winMemData win_mem_data = {
#ifndef NDEBUG
  WINMEM_MAGIC,
#endif
  NULL, FALSE



};

#ifndef NDEBUG
#define winMemAssertMagic() assert( win_mem_data.magic==WINMEM_MAGIC )


#else
#define winMemAssertMagic()
#endif


#define winMemGetHeap() win_mem_data.hHeap


static void *winMemMalloc(int nBytes);
static void winMemFree(void *pPrior);
static void *winMemRealloc(void *pPrior, int nBytes);
static int winMemSize(void *p);
static int winMemRoundup(int n);
static int winMemInit(void *pAppData);
................................................................................
#else
  { "HeapValidate",            (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osHeapValidate ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD, \
        LPCVOID))aSyscall[42].pCurrent)









#if defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION)
  { "LoadLibraryA",            (SYSCALL)LoadLibraryA,            0 },
#else
  { "LoadLibraryA",            (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osLoadLibraryA ((HMODULE(WINAPI*)(LPCSTR))aSyscall[43].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT && defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_WIDE) && \
        !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION)
  { "LoadLibraryW",            (SYSCALL)LoadLibraryW,            0 },
#else
  { "LoadLibraryW",            (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osLoadLibraryW ((HMODULE(WINAPI*)(LPCWSTR))aSyscall[44].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "LocalFree",               (SYSCALL)LocalFree,               0 },
#else
  { "LocalFree",               (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osLocalFree ((HLOCAL(WINAPI*)(HLOCAL))aSyscall[45].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINCE && !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "LockFile",                (SYSCALL)LockFile,                0 },
#else
  { "LockFile",                (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#ifndef osLockFile
#define osLockFile ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD,DWORD,DWORD, \
        DWORD))aSyscall[46].pCurrent)
#endif

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINCE
  { "LockFileEx",              (SYSCALL)LockFileEx,              0 },
#else
  { "LockFileEx",              (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#ifndef osLockFileEx
#define osLockFileEx ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD,DWORD,DWORD,DWORD, \
        LPOVERLAPPED))aSyscall[47].pCurrent)
#endif

#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE || (!SQLITE_OS_WINRT && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL))
  { "MapViewOfFile",           (SYSCALL)MapViewOfFile,           0 },
#else
  { "MapViewOfFile",           (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osMapViewOfFile ((LPVOID(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD,DWORD,DWORD, \
        SIZE_T))aSyscall[48].pCurrent)

  { "MultiByteToWideChar",     (SYSCALL)MultiByteToWideChar,     0 },

#define osMultiByteToWideChar ((int(WINAPI*)(UINT,DWORD,LPCSTR,int,LPWSTR, \
        int))aSyscall[49].pCurrent)

  { "QueryPerformanceCounter", (SYSCALL)QueryPerformanceCounter, 0 },

#define osQueryPerformanceCounter ((BOOL(WINAPI*)( \
        LARGE_INTEGER*))aSyscall[50].pCurrent)

  { "ReadFile",                (SYSCALL)ReadFile,                0 },

#define osReadFile ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,LPVOID,DWORD,LPDWORD, \
        LPOVERLAPPED))aSyscall[51].pCurrent)

  { "SetEndOfFile",            (SYSCALL)SetEndOfFile,            0 },

#define osSetEndOfFile ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE))aSyscall[52].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "SetFilePointer",          (SYSCALL)SetFilePointer,          0 },
#else
  { "SetFilePointer",          (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osSetFilePointer ((DWORD(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,LONG,PLONG, \
        DWORD))aSyscall[53].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "Sleep",                   (SYSCALL)Sleep,                   0 },
#else
  { "Sleep",                   (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osSleep ((VOID(WINAPI*)(DWORD))aSyscall[54].pCurrent)

  { "SystemTimeToFileTime",    (SYSCALL)SystemTimeToFileTime,    0 },

#define osSystemTimeToFileTime ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(CONST SYSTEMTIME*, \
        LPFILETIME))aSyscall[55].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINCE && !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "UnlockFile",              (SYSCALL)UnlockFile,              0 },
#else
  { "UnlockFile",              (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#ifndef osUnlockFile
#define osUnlockFile ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD,DWORD,DWORD, \
        DWORD))aSyscall[56].pCurrent)
#endif

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINCE
  { "UnlockFileEx",            (SYSCALL)UnlockFileEx,            0 },
#else
  { "UnlockFileEx",            (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osUnlockFileEx ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD,DWORD,DWORD, \
        LPOVERLAPPED))aSyscall[57].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL)
  { "UnmapViewOfFile",         (SYSCALL)UnmapViewOfFile,         0 },
#else
  { "UnmapViewOfFile",         (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osUnmapViewOfFile ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(LPCVOID))aSyscall[58].pCurrent)

  { "WideCharToMultiByte",     (SYSCALL)WideCharToMultiByte,     0 },

#define osWideCharToMultiByte ((int(WINAPI*)(UINT,DWORD,LPCWSTR,int,LPSTR,int, \
        LPCSTR,LPBOOL))aSyscall[59].pCurrent)

  { "WriteFile",               (SYSCALL)WriteFile,               0 },

#define osWriteFile ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,LPCVOID,DWORD,LPDWORD, \
        LPOVERLAPPED))aSyscall[60].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "CreateEventExW",          (SYSCALL)CreateEventExW,          0 },
#else
  { "CreateEventExW",          (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osCreateEventExW ((HANDLE(WINAPI*)(LPSECURITY_ATTRIBUTES,LPCWSTR, \
        DWORD,DWORD))aSyscall[61].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "WaitForSingleObject",     (SYSCALL)WaitForSingleObject,     0 },
#else
  { "WaitForSingleObject",     (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osWaitForSingleObject ((DWORD(WINAPI*)(HANDLE, \
        DWORD))aSyscall[62].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "WaitForSingleObjectEx",   (SYSCALL)WaitForSingleObjectEx,   0 },
#else
  { "WaitForSingleObjectEx",   (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osWaitForSingleObjectEx ((DWORD(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD, \
        BOOL))aSyscall[63].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "SetFilePointerEx",        (SYSCALL)SetFilePointerEx,        0 },
#else
  { "SetFilePointerEx",        (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osSetFilePointerEx ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,LARGE_INTEGER, \
        PLARGE_INTEGER,DWORD))aSyscall[64].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "GetFileInformationByHandleEx", (SYSCALL)GetFileInformationByHandleEx, 0 },
#else
  { "GetFileInformationByHandleEx", (SYSCALL)0,                  0 },
#endif

#define osGetFileInformationByHandleEx ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE, \
        FILE_INFO_BY_HANDLE_CLASS,LPVOID,DWORD))aSyscall[65].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL)
  { "MapViewOfFileFromApp",    (SYSCALL)MapViewOfFileFromApp,    0 },
#else
  { "MapViewOfFileFromApp",    (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osMapViewOfFileFromApp ((LPVOID(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,ULONG,ULONG64, \
        SIZE_T))aSyscall[66].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "CreateFile2",             (SYSCALL)CreateFile2,             0 },
#else
  { "CreateFile2",             (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osCreateFile2 ((HANDLE(WINAPI*)(LPCWSTR,DWORD,DWORD,DWORD, \
        LPCREATEFILE2_EXTENDED_PARAMETERS))aSyscall[67].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION)
  { "LoadPackagedLibrary",     (SYSCALL)LoadPackagedLibrary,     0 },
#else
  { "LoadPackagedLibrary",     (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osLoadPackagedLibrary ((HMODULE(WINAPI*)(LPCWSTR, \
        DWORD))aSyscall[68].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "GetTickCount64",          (SYSCALL)GetTickCount64,          0 },
#else
  { "GetTickCount64",          (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osGetTickCount64 ((ULONGLONG(WINAPI*)(VOID))aSyscall[69].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "GetNativeSystemInfo",     (SYSCALL)GetNativeSystemInfo,     0 },
#else
  { "GetNativeSystemInfo",     (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osGetNativeSystemInfo ((VOID(WINAPI*)( \
        LPSYSTEM_INFO))aSyscall[70].pCurrent)

#if defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI)
  { "OutputDebugStringA",      (SYSCALL)OutputDebugStringA,      0 },
#else
  { "OutputDebugStringA",      (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osOutputDebugStringA ((VOID(WINAPI*)(LPCSTR))aSyscall[71].pCurrent)

#if defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_WIDE)
  { "OutputDebugStringW",      (SYSCALL)OutputDebugStringW,      0 },
#else
  { "OutputDebugStringW",      (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osOutputDebugStringW ((VOID(WINAPI*)(LPCWSTR))aSyscall[72].pCurrent)

  { "GetProcessHeap",          (SYSCALL)GetProcessHeap,          0 },

#define osGetProcessHeap ((HANDLE(WINAPI*)(VOID))aSyscall[73].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL)
  { "CreateFileMappingFromApp", (SYSCALL)CreateFileMappingFromApp, 0 },
#else
  { "CreateFileMappingFromApp", (SYSCALL)0,                      0 },
#endif

#define osCreateFileMappingFromApp ((HANDLE(WINAPI*)(HANDLE, \
        LPSECURITY_ATTRIBUTES,ULONG,ULONG64,LPCWSTR))aSyscall[74].pCurrent)

}; /* End of the overrideable system calls */

/*
** This is the xSetSystemCall() method of sqlite3_vfs for all of the
** "win32" VFSes.  Return SQLITE_OK opon successfully updating the
** system call pointer, or SQLITE_NOTFOUND if there is no configurable
................................................................................
  }
  for(i++; i<ArraySize(aSyscall); i++){
    if( aSyscall[i].pCurrent!=0 ) return aSyscall[i].zName;
  }
  return 0;
}

























































































/*
** This function outputs the specified (ANSI) string to the Win32 debugger
** (if available).
*/

void sqlite3_win32_write_debug(const char *zBuf, int nBuf){
  char zDbgBuf[SQLITE_WIN32_DBG_BUF_SIZE];
................................................................................
  SIZE_T n;

  winMemAssertMagic();
  hHeap = winMemGetHeap();
  assert( hHeap!=0 );
  assert( hHeap!=INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE );
#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT && defined(SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC_VALIDATE)
  assert ( osHeapValidate(hHeap, SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_FLAGS, NULL) );
#endif
  if( !p ) return 0;
  n = osHeapSize(hHeap, SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_FLAGS, p);
  if( n==(SIZE_T)-1 ){
    sqlite3_log(SQLITE_NOMEM, "failed to HeapSize block %p (%lu), heap=%p",
                p, osGetLastError(), (void*)hHeap);
    return 0;
................................................................................
/*
** Initialize this module.
*/
static int winMemInit(void *pAppData){
  winMemData *pWinMemData = (winMemData *)pAppData;

  if( !pWinMemData ) return SQLITE_ERROR;
  assert( pWinMemData->magic==WINMEM_MAGIC );


#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT && SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_CREATE
  if( !pWinMemData->hHeap ){
    pWinMemData->hHeap = osHeapCreate(SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_FLAGS,
                                      SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_INIT_SIZE,
                                      SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_MAX_SIZE);
    if( !pWinMemData->hHeap ){
................................................................................
/*
** Deinitialize this module.
*/
static void winMemShutdown(void *pAppData){
  winMemData *pWinMemData = (winMemData *)pAppData;

  if( !pWinMemData ) return;



  if( pWinMemData->hHeap ){
    assert( pWinMemData->hHeap!=INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE );
#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT && defined(SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC_VALIDATE)
    assert( osHeapValidate(pWinMemData->hHeap, SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_FLAGS, NULL) );
#endif
    if( pWinMemData->bOwned ){
      if( !osHeapDestroy(pWinMemData->hHeap) ){
................................................................................
#endif
  /* caller will handle out of memory */
  return zConverted;
}

/*
** This function returns non-zero if the specified UTF-8 string buffer
** ends with a directory separator character.

*/
static int winEndsInDirSep(char *zBuf){

  if( zBuf ){
    int nLen = sqlite3Strlen30(zBuf);

    return nLen>0 && winIsDirSep(zBuf[nLen-1]);







  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** Create a temporary file name and store the resulting pointer into pzBuf.
** The pointer returned in pzBuf must be freed via sqlite3_free().
................................................................................
*/
static int winGetTempname(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, char **pzBuf){
  static char zChars[] =
    "abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz"
    "ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ"
    "0123456789";
  size_t i, j;
  int nBuf, nLen;

  char *zBuf;

  /* It's odd to simulate an io-error here, but really this is just
  ** using the io-error infrastructure to test that SQLite handles this
  ** function failing. 
  */
  SimulateIOError( return SQLITE_IOERR );

  /* Allocate a temporary buffer to store the fully qualified file
  ** name for the temporary file.  If this fails, we cannot continue.
  */
  nBuf = pVfs->mxPathname;
  zBuf = sqlite3MallocZero( nBuf+2 );
  if( !zBuf ){
    OSTRACE(("TEMP-FILENAME rc=SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM\n"));
    return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
  }

  /* Figure out the effective temporary directory.  First, check if one
  ** has been explicitly set by the application; otherwise, use the one
  ** configured by the operating system.
  */

  assert( nBuf>30 );
  if( sqlite3_temp_directory ){
    sqlite3_snprintf(nBuf-30, zBuf, "%s%s", sqlite3_temp_directory,
                     winEndsInDirSep(sqlite3_temp_directory) ? "" :
                     winGetDirDep());










  }
#if defined(__CYGWIN__)
  else{
    static const char *azDirs[] = {
       0, /* getenv("SQLITE_TMPDIR") */
       0, /* getenv("TMPDIR") */
       0, /* getenv("TMP") */
................................................................................
    if( !azDirs[3] ) azDirs[3] = getenv("TEMP");
    if( !azDirs[4] ) azDirs[4] = getenv("USERPROFILE");
    for(i=0; i<sizeof(azDirs)/sizeof(azDirs[0]); zDir=azDirs[i++]){
      void *zConverted;
      if( zDir==0 ) continue;
      /* If the path starts with a drive letter followed by the colon
      ** character, assume it is already a native Win32 path; otherwise,
      ** it must be converted to a native Win32 path prior via the Cygwin
      ** API prior to using it.
      */
      if( winIsDriveLetterAndColon(zDir) ){
        zConverted = winConvertFromUtf8Filename(zDir);
        if( !zConverted ){
          sqlite3_free(zBuf);
          OSTRACE(("TEMP-FILENAME rc=SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM\n"));
          return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
        }
        if( winIsDir(zConverted) ){
          sqlite3_snprintf(nBuf-30, zBuf, "%s", zDir);
          sqlite3_free(zConverted);
          break;
        }
        sqlite3_free(zConverted);
      }else{
        zConverted = sqlite3MallocZero( nBuf+1 );
        if( !zConverted ){
          sqlite3_free(zBuf);
          OSTRACE(("TEMP-FILENAME rc=SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM\n"));
          return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
        }
        if( cygwin_conv_path(
                osIsNT() ? CCP_POSIX_TO_WIN_W : CCP_POSIX_TO_WIN_A, zDir,
                zConverted, nBuf+1)<0 ){
          sqlite3_free(zConverted);
          sqlite3_free(zBuf);
          OSTRACE(("TEMP-FILENAME rc=SQLITE_IOERR_CONVPATH\n"));
          return winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_CONVPATH, (DWORD)errno,
                             "winGetTempname1", zDir);
        }
        if( winIsDir(zConverted) ){
          /* At this point, we know the candidate directory exists and should
          ** be used.  However, we may need to convert the string containing
          ** its name into UTF-8 (i.e. if it is UTF-16 right now).
          */
          if( osIsNT() ){
................................................................................
            char *zUtf8 = winUnicodeToUtf8(zConverted);
            if( !zUtf8 ){
              sqlite3_free(zConverted);
              sqlite3_free(zBuf);
              OSTRACE(("TEMP-FILENAME rc=SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM\n"));
              return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
            }
            sqlite3_snprintf(nBuf-30, zBuf, "%s", zUtf8);
            sqlite3_free(zUtf8);
            sqlite3_free(zConverted);
            break;
          }else{
            sqlite3_snprintf(nBuf-30, zBuf, "%s", zConverted);
            sqlite3_free(zConverted);
            break;
          }
        }
        sqlite3_free(zConverted);
      }
    }
  }
#elif !SQLITE_OS_WINRT && !defined(__CYGWIN__)
  else if( osIsNT() ){
    char *zMulti;
    LPWSTR zWidePath = sqlite3MallocZero( nBuf*sizeof(WCHAR) );
    if( !zWidePath ){
      sqlite3_free(zBuf);
      OSTRACE(("TEMP-FILENAME rc=SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM\n"));
      return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
    }
    if( osGetTempPathW(nBuf, zWidePath)==0 ){
      sqlite3_free(zWidePath);
      sqlite3_free(zBuf);
      OSTRACE(("TEMP-FILENAME rc=SQLITE_IOERR_GETTEMPPATH\n"));
      return winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_GETTEMPPATH, osGetLastError(),
                         "winGetTempname1", 0);
    }
    zMulti = winUnicodeToUtf8(zWidePath);
    if( zMulti ){
      sqlite3_snprintf(nBuf-30, zBuf, "%s", zMulti);
      sqlite3_free(zMulti);
      sqlite3_free(zWidePath);
    }else{
      sqlite3_free(zWidePath);
      sqlite3_free(zBuf);
      OSTRACE(("TEMP-FILENAME rc=SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM\n"));
      return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
    }
  }
#ifdef SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI
  else{
    char *zUtf8;
    char *zMbcsPath = sqlite3MallocZero( nBuf );
    if( !zMbcsPath ){
      sqlite3_free(zBuf);
      OSTRACE(("TEMP-FILENAME rc=SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM\n"));
      return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
    }
    if( osGetTempPathA(nBuf, zMbcsPath)==0 ){
      sqlite3_free(zBuf);
      OSTRACE(("TEMP-FILENAME rc=SQLITE_IOERR_GETTEMPPATH\n"));
      return winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_GETTEMPPATH, osGetLastError(),
                         "winGetTempname2", 0);
    }
    zUtf8 = sqlite3_win32_mbcs_to_utf8(zMbcsPath);
    if( zUtf8 ){
      sqlite3_snprintf(nBuf-30, zBuf, "%s", zUtf8);
      sqlite3_free(zUtf8);
    }else{
      sqlite3_free(zBuf);
      OSTRACE(("TEMP-FILENAME rc=SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM\n"));
      return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
    }
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI */
#endif /* !SQLITE_OS_WINRT */













  /* Check that the output buffer is large enough for the temporary file 




  ** name. If it is not, return SQLITE_ERROR.



  */
  nLen = sqlite3Strlen30(zBuf);

  if( (nLen + sqlite3Strlen30(SQLITE_TEMP_FILE_PREFIX) + 18) >= nBuf ){

    sqlite3_free(zBuf);
    OSTRACE(("TEMP-FILENAME rc=SQLITE_ERROR\n"));
    return winLogError(SQLITE_ERROR, 0, "winGetTempname3", 0);
  }

  sqlite3_snprintf(nBuf-18-nLen, zBuf+nLen, SQLITE_TEMP_FILE_PREFIX);

  j = sqlite3Strlen30(zBuf);
  sqlite3_randomness(15, &zBuf[j]);
  for(i=0; i<15; i++, j++){
    zBuf[j] = (char)zChars[ ((unsigned char)zBuf[j])%(sizeof(zChars)-1) ];
  }
  zBuf[j] = 0;
................................................................................
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs,        /* Used to get maximum path name length */
  const char *zName,        /* Name of the file (UTF-8) */
  sqlite3_file *id,         /* Write the SQLite file handle here */
  int flags,                /* Open mode flags */
  int *pOutFlags            /* Status return flags */
){
  HANDLE h;
  DWORD lastErrno;
  DWORD dwDesiredAccess;
  DWORD dwShareMode;
  DWORD dwCreationDisposition;
  DWORD dwFlagsAndAttributes = 0;
#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
  int isTemp = 0;
#endif
................................................................................
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs,          /* Not used on win32 */
  const char *zFilename,      /* Name of file to delete */
  int syncDir                 /* Not used on win32 */
){
  int cnt = 0;
  int rc;
  DWORD attr;
  DWORD lastErrno;
  void *zConverted;
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pVfs);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(syncDir);

  SimulateIOError(return SQLITE_IOERR_DELETE);
  OSTRACE(("DELETE name=%s, syncDir=%d\n", zFilename, syncDir));

................................................................................
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs,         /* Not used on win32 */
  const char *zFilename,     /* Name of file to check */
  int flags,                 /* Type of test to make on this file */
  int *pResOut               /* OUT: Result */
){
  DWORD attr;
  int rc = 0;
  DWORD lastErrno;
  void *zConverted;
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pVfs);

  SimulateIOError( return SQLITE_IOERR_ACCESS; );
  OSTRACE(("ACCESS name=%s, flags=%x, pResOut=%p\n",
           zFilename, flags, pResOut));

................................................................................
    }
    if( cygwin_conv_path(CCP_POSIX_TO_WIN_A|CCP_RELATIVE, zRelative, zOut,
                         pVfs->mxPathname+1)<0 ){
      sqlite3_free(zOut);
      return winLogError(SQLITE_CANTOPEN_CONVPATH, (DWORD)errno,
                         "winFullPathname1", zRelative);
    }
    sqlite3_snprintf(MIN(nFull, pVfs->mxPathname), zFull, "%s%s%s",
                     sqlite3_data_directory, winGetDirDep(), zOut);
    sqlite3_free(zOut);
  }else{
    if( cygwin_conv_path(CCP_POSIX_TO_WIN_A, zRelative, zFull, nFull)<0 ){
      return winLogError(SQLITE_CANTOPEN_CONVPATH, (DWORD)errno,
                         "winFullPathname2", zRelative);
    }
  }
................................................................................
  if ( sqlite3_data_directory && !winIsVerbatimPathname(zRelative) ){
    /*
    ** NOTE: We are dealing with a relative path name and the data
    **       directory has been set.  Therefore, use it as the basis
    **       for converting the relative path name to an absolute
    **       one by prepending the data directory and a backslash.
    */
    sqlite3_snprintf(MIN(nFull, pVfs->mxPathname), zFull, "%s%s%s",
                     sqlite3_data_directory, winGetDirDep(), zRelative);
  }else{
    sqlite3_snprintf(MIN(nFull, pVfs->mxPathname), zFull, "%s", zRelative);
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
#endif

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINCE && !SQLITE_OS_WINRT && !defined(__CYGWIN__)
................................................................................
  if ( sqlite3_data_directory && !winIsVerbatimPathname(zRelative) ){
    /*
    ** NOTE: We are dealing with a relative path name and the data
    **       directory has been set.  Therefore, use it as the basis
    **       for converting the relative path name to an absolute
    **       one by prepending the data directory and a backslash.
    */
    sqlite3_snprintf(MIN(nFull, pVfs->mxPathname), zFull, "%s%s%s",
                     sqlite3_data_directory, winGetDirDep(), zRelative);
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  zConverted = winConvertFromUtf8Filename(zRelative);
  if( zConverted==0 ){
    return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
  }
  if( osIsNT() ){
................................................................................
    winGetSystemCall,    /* xGetSystemCall */
    winNextSystemCall,   /* xNextSystemCall */
  };
#endif

  /* Double-check that the aSyscall[] array has been constructed
  ** correctly.  See ticket [bb3a86e890c8e96ab] */
  assert( ArraySize(aSyscall)==75 );

  /* get memory map allocation granularity */
  memset(&winSysInfo, 0, sizeof(SYSTEM_INFO));
#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  osGetNativeSystemInfo(&winSysInfo);
#else
  osGetSystemInfo(&winSysInfo);







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....
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** Make sure at least one set of Win32 APIs is available.
*/
#if !defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI) && !defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_WIDE)
#  error "At least one of SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI and SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_WIDE\
 must be defined."
#endif

/*
** This constant should already be defined (in the "WinDef.h" SDK file).
*/
#ifndef MAX_PATH
#  define MAX_PATH                      (260)
#endif

/*
** Maximum pathname length (in chars) for Win32.  This should normally be
** MAX_PATH.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_PATH_CHARS
#  define SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_PATH_CHARS   (MAX_PATH)
#endif

/*
** This constant should already be defined (in the "WinNT.h" SDK file).
*/
#ifndef UNICODE_STRING_MAX_CHARS
#  define UNICODE_STRING_MAX_CHARS      (32767)
#endif

/*
** Maximum pathname length (in chars) for WinNT.  This should normally be

** UNICODE_STRING_MAX_CHARS.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_WINNT_MAX_PATH_CHARS
#  define SQLITE_WINNT_MAX_PATH_CHARS   (UNICODE_STRING_MAX_CHARS)
#endif

/*
** Maximum pathname length (in bytes) for Win32.  The MAX_PATH macro is in
** characters, so we allocate 4 bytes per character assuming worst-case of
** 4-bytes-per-character for UTF8.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_PATH_BYTES
#  define SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_PATH_BYTES   (SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_PATH_CHARS*4)
#endif

/*
** Maximum pathname length (in bytes) for WinNT.  This should normally be
** UNICODE_STRING_MAX_CHARS * sizeof(WCHAR).
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_WINNT_MAX_PATH_BYTES
#  define SQLITE_WINNT_MAX_PATH_BYTES   \
                            (sizeof(WCHAR) * SQLITE_WINNT_MAX_PATH_CHARS)
#endif

/*
................................................................................
** [sometimes] not used by the code (e.g. via conditional compilation).
*/
#ifndef UNUSED_VARIABLE_VALUE
#  define UNUSED_VARIABLE_VALUE(x) (void)(x)
#endif

/*
** Returns the character that should be used as the directory separator.
*/
#ifndef winGetDirSep

#  define winGetDirSep()                '\\'



#endif

/*
** Do we need to manually define the Win32 file mapping APIs for use with WAL
** mode (e.g. these APIs are available in the Windows CE SDK; however, they
** are not present in the header file)?
*/
................................................................................
/*
** The winMemData structure stores information required by the Win32-specific
** sqlite3_mem_methods implementation.
*/
typedef struct winMemData winMemData;
struct winMemData {
#ifndef NDEBUG
  u32 magic1;   /* Magic number to detect structure corruption. */
#endif
  HANDLE hHeap; /* The handle to our heap. */
  BOOL bOwned;  /* Do we own the heap (i.e. destroy it on shutdown)? */
#ifndef NDEBUG
  u32 magic2;   /* Magic number to detect structure corruption. */
#endif
};

#ifndef NDEBUG
#define WINMEM_MAGIC1     0x42b2830b
#define WINMEM_MAGIC2     0xbd4d7cf4
#endif

static struct winMemData win_mem_data = {
#ifndef NDEBUG
  WINMEM_MAGIC1,
#endif
  NULL, FALSE
#ifndef NDEBUG
  ,WINMEM_MAGIC2
#endif
};

#ifndef NDEBUG
#define winMemAssertMagic1() assert( win_mem_data.magic1==WINMEM_MAGIC1 )
#define winMemAssertMagic2() assert( win_mem_data.magic2==WINMEM_MAGIC2 )
#define winMemAssertMagic()  winMemAssertMagic1(); winMemAssertMagic2();
#else
#define winMemAssertMagic()
#endif

#define winMemGetDataPtr()  &win_mem_data
#define winMemGetHeap()     win_mem_data.hHeap
#define winMemGetOwned()    win_mem_data.bOwned

static void *winMemMalloc(int nBytes);
static void winMemFree(void *pPrior);
static void *winMemRealloc(void *pPrior, int nBytes);
static int winMemSize(void *p);
static int winMemRoundup(int n);
static int winMemInit(void *pAppData);
................................................................................
#else
  { "HeapValidate",            (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osHeapValidate ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD, \
        LPCVOID))aSyscall[42].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINCE && !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "HeapCompact",             (SYSCALL)HeapCompact,             0 },
#else
  { "HeapCompact",             (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osHeapCompact ((UINT(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD))aSyscall[43].pCurrent)

#if defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION)
  { "LoadLibraryA",            (SYSCALL)LoadLibraryA,            0 },
#else
  { "LoadLibraryA",            (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osLoadLibraryA ((HMODULE(WINAPI*)(LPCSTR))aSyscall[44].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT && defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_WIDE) && \
        !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION)
  { "LoadLibraryW",            (SYSCALL)LoadLibraryW,            0 },
#else
  { "LoadLibraryW",            (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osLoadLibraryW ((HMODULE(WINAPI*)(LPCWSTR))aSyscall[45].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "LocalFree",               (SYSCALL)LocalFree,               0 },
#else
  { "LocalFree",               (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osLocalFree ((HLOCAL(WINAPI*)(HLOCAL))aSyscall[46].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINCE && !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "LockFile",                (SYSCALL)LockFile,                0 },
#else
  { "LockFile",                (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#ifndef osLockFile
#define osLockFile ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD,DWORD,DWORD, \
        DWORD))aSyscall[47].pCurrent)
#endif

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINCE
  { "LockFileEx",              (SYSCALL)LockFileEx,              0 },
#else
  { "LockFileEx",              (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#ifndef osLockFileEx
#define osLockFileEx ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD,DWORD,DWORD,DWORD, \
        LPOVERLAPPED))aSyscall[48].pCurrent)
#endif

#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE || (!SQLITE_OS_WINRT && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL))
  { "MapViewOfFile",           (SYSCALL)MapViewOfFile,           0 },
#else
  { "MapViewOfFile",           (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osMapViewOfFile ((LPVOID(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD,DWORD,DWORD, \
        SIZE_T))aSyscall[49].pCurrent)

  { "MultiByteToWideChar",     (SYSCALL)MultiByteToWideChar,     0 },

#define osMultiByteToWideChar ((int(WINAPI*)(UINT,DWORD,LPCSTR,int,LPWSTR, \
        int))aSyscall[50].pCurrent)

  { "QueryPerformanceCounter", (SYSCALL)QueryPerformanceCounter, 0 },

#define osQueryPerformanceCounter ((BOOL(WINAPI*)( \
        LARGE_INTEGER*))aSyscall[51].pCurrent)

  { "ReadFile",                (SYSCALL)ReadFile,                0 },

#define osReadFile ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,LPVOID,DWORD,LPDWORD, \
        LPOVERLAPPED))aSyscall[52].pCurrent)

  { "SetEndOfFile",            (SYSCALL)SetEndOfFile,            0 },

#define osSetEndOfFile ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE))aSyscall[53].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "SetFilePointer",          (SYSCALL)SetFilePointer,          0 },
#else
  { "SetFilePointer",          (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osSetFilePointer ((DWORD(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,LONG,PLONG, \
        DWORD))aSyscall[54].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "Sleep",                   (SYSCALL)Sleep,                   0 },
#else
  { "Sleep",                   (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osSleep ((VOID(WINAPI*)(DWORD))aSyscall[55].pCurrent)

  { "SystemTimeToFileTime",    (SYSCALL)SystemTimeToFileTime,    0 },

#define osSystemTimeToFileTime ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(CONST SYSTEMTIME*, \
        LPFILETIME))aSyscall[56].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINCE && !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "UnlockFile",              (SYSCALL)UnlockFile,              0 },
#else
  { "UnlockFile",              (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#ifndef osUnlockFile
#define osUnlockFile ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD,DWORD,DWORD, \
        DWORD))aSyscall[57].pCurrent)
#endif

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINCE
  { "UnlockFileEx",            (SYSCALL)UnlockFileEx,            0 },
#else
  { "UnlockFileEx",            (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osUnlockFileEx ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD,DWORD,DWORD, \
        LPOVERLAPPED))aSyscall[58].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL)
  { "UnmapViewOfFile",         (SYSCALL)UnmapViewOfFile,         0 },
#else
  { "UnmapViewOfFile",         (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osUnmapViewOfFile ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(LPCVOID))aSyscall[59].pCurrent)

  { "WideCharToMultiByte",     (SYSCALL)WideCharToMultiByte,     0 },

#define osWideCharToMultiByte ((int(WINAPI*)(UINT,DWORD,LPCWSTR,int,LPSTR,int, \
        LPCSTR,LPBOOL))aSyscall[60].pCurrent)

  { "WriteFile",               (SYSCALL)WriteFile,               0 },

#define osWriteFile ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,LPCVOID,DWORD,LPDWORD, \
        LPOVERLAPPED))aSyscall[61].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "CreateEventExW",          (SYSCALL)CreateEventExW,          0 },
#else
  { "CreateEventExW",          (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osCreateEventExW ((HANDLE(WINAPI*)(LPSECURITY_ATTRIBUTES,LPCWSTR, \
        DWORD,DWORD))aSyscall[62].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "WaitForSingleObject",     (SYSCALL)WaitForSingleObject,     0 },
#else
  { "WaitForSingleObject",     (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osWaitForSingleObject ((DWORD(WINAPI*)(HANDLE, \
        DWORD))aSyscall[63].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "WaitForSingleObjectEx",   (SYSCALL)WaitForSingleObjectEx,   0 },
#else
  { "WaitForSingleObjectEx",   (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osWaitForSingleObjectEx ((DWORD(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD, \
        BOOL))aSyscall[64].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "SetFilePointerEx",        (SYSCALL)SetFilePointerEx,        0 },
#else
  { "SetFilePointerEx",        (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osSetFilePointerEx ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,LARGE_INTEGER, \
        PLARGE_INTEGER,DWORD))aSyscall[65].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "GetFileInformationByHandleEx", (SYSCALL)GetFileInformationByHandleEx, 0 },
#else
  { "GetFileInformationByHandleEx", (SYSCALL)0,                  0 },
#endif

#define osGetFileInformationByHandleEx ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE, \
        FILE_INFO_BY_HANDLE_CLASS,LPVOID,DWORD))aSyscall[66].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL)
  { "MapViewOfFileFromApp",    (SYSCALL)MapViewOfFileFromApp,    0 },
#else
  { "MapViewOfFileFromApp",    (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osMapViewOfFileFromApp ((LPVOID(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,ULONG,ULONG64, \
        SIZE_T))aSyscall[67].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "CreateFile2",             (SYSCALL)CreateFile2,             0 },
#else
  { "CreateFile2",             (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osCreateFile2 ((HANDLE(WINAPI*)(LPCWSTR,DWORD,DWORD,DWORD, \
        LPCREATEFILE2_EXTENDED_PARAMETERS))aSyscall[68].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION)
  { "LoadPackagedLibrary",     (SYSCALL)LoadPackagedLibrary,     0 },
#else
  { "LoadPackagedLibrary",     (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osLoadPackagedLibrary ((HMODULE(WINAPI*)(LPCWSTR, \
        DWORD))aSyscall[69].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "GetTickCount64",          (SYSCALL)GetTickCount64,          0 },
#else
  { "GetTickCount64",          (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osGetTickCount64 ((ULONGLONG(WINAPI*)(VOID))aSyscall[70].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "GetNativeSystemInfo",     (SYSCALL)GetNativeSystemInfo,     0 },
#else
  { "GetNativeSystemInfo",     (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osGetNativeSystemInfo ((VOID(WINAPI*)( \
        LPSYSTEM_INFO))aSyscall[71].pCurrent)

#if defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI)
  { "OutputDebugStringA",      (SYSCALL)OutputDebugStringA,      0 },
#else
  { "OutputDebugStringA",      (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osOutputDebugStringA ((VOID(WINAPI*)(LPCSTR))aSyscall[72].pCurrent)

#if defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_WIDE)
  { "OutputDebugStringW",      (SYSCALL)OutputDebugStringW,      0 },
#else
  { "OutputDebugStringW",      (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osOutputDebugStringW ((VOID(WINAPI*)(LPCWSTR))aSyscall[73].pCurrent)

  { "GetProcessHeap",          (SYSCALL)GetProcessHeap,          0 },

#define osGetProcessHeap ((HANDLE(WINAPI*)(VOID))aSyscall[74].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL)
  { "CreateFileMappingFromApp", (SYSCALL)CreateFileMappingFromApp, 0 },
#else
  { "CreateFileMappingFromApp", (SYSCALL)0,                      0 },
#endif

#define osCreateFileMappingFromApp ((HANDLE(WINAPI*)(HANDLE, \
        LPSECURITY_ATTRIBUTES,ULONG,ULONG64,LPCWSTR))aSyscall[75].pCurrent)

}; /* End of the overrideable system calls */

/*
** This is the xSetSystemCall() method of sqlite3_vfs for all of the
** "win32" VFSes.  Return SQLITE_OK opon successfully updating the
** system call pointer, or SQLITE_NOTFOUND if there is no configurable
................................................................................
  }
  for(i++; i<ArraySize(aSyscall); i++){
    if( aSyscall[i].pCurrent!=0 ) return aSyscall[i].zName;
  }
  return 0;
}

#ifdef SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC
/*
** If a Win32 native heap has been configured, this function will attempt to
** compact it.  Upon success, SQLITE_OK will be returned.  Upon failure, one
** of SQLITE_NOMEM, SQLITE_ERROR, or SQLITE_NOTFOUND will be returned.  The
** "pnLargest" argument, if non-zero, will be used to return the size of the
** largest committed free block in the heap, in bytes.
*/
int sqlite3_win32_compact_heap(LPUINT pnLargest){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  UINT nLargest = 0;
  HANDLE hHeap;

  winMemAssertMagic();
  hHeap = winMemGetHeap();
  assert( hHeap!=0 );
  assert( hHeap!=INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE );
#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT && defined(SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC_VALIDATE)
  assert( osHeapValidate(hHeap, SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_FLAGS, NULL) );
#endif
#if !SQLITE_OS_WINCE && !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  if( (nLargest=osHeapCompact(hHeap, SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_FLAGS))==0 ){
    DWORD lastErrno = osGetLastError();
    if( lastErrno==NO_ERROR ){
      sqlite3_log(SQLITE_NOMEM, "failed to HeapCompact (no space), heap=%p",
                  (void*)hHeap);
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }else{
      sqlite3_log(SQLITE_ERROR, "failed to HeapCompact (%lu), heap=%p",
                  osGetLastError(), (void*)hHeap);
      rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
    }
  }
#else
  sqlite3_log(SQLITE_NOTFOUND, "failed to HeapCompact, heap=%p",
              (void*)hHeap);
  rc = SQLITE_NOTFOUND;
#endif
  if( pnLargest ) *pnLargest = nLargest;
  return rc;
}

/*
** If a Win32 native heap has been configured, this function will attempt to
** destroy and recreate it.  If the Win32 native heap is not isolated and/or
** the sqlite3_memory_used() function does not return zero, SQLITE_BUSY will
** be returned and no changes will be made to the Win32 native heap.
*/
int sqlite3_win32_reset_heap(){
  int rc;
  MUTEX_LOGIC( sqlite3_mutex *pMaster; ) /* The main static mutex */
  MUTEX_LOGIC( sqlite3_mutex *pMem; )    /* The memsys static mutex */
  MUTEX_LOGIC( pMaster = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER); )
  MUTEX_LOGIC( pMem = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM); )
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(pMaster);
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(pMem);
  winMemAssertMagic();
  if( winMemGetHeap()!=NULL && winMemGetOwned() && sqlite3_memory_used()==0 ){
    /*
    ** At this point, there should be no outstanding memory allocations on
    ** the heap.  Also, since both the master and memsys locks are currently
    ** being held by us, no other function (i.e. from another thread) should
    ** be able to even access the heap.  Attempt to destroy and recreate our
    ** isolated Win32 native heap now.
    */
    assert( winMemGetHeap()!=NULL );
    assert( winMemGetOwned() );
    assert( sqlite3_memory_used()==0 );
    winMemShutdown(winMemGetDataPtr());
    assert( winMemGetHeap()==NULL );
    assert( !winMemGetOwned() );
    assert( sqlite3_memory_used()==0 );
    rc = winMemInit(winMemGetDataPtr());
    assert( rc!=SQLITE_OK || winMemGetHeap()!=NULL );
    assert( rc!=SQLITE_OK || winMemGetOwned() );
    assert( rc!=SQLITE_OK || sqlite3_memory_used()==0 );
  }else{
    /*
    ** The Win32 native heap cannot be modified because it may be in use.
    */
    rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
  }
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(pMem);
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(pMaster);
  return rc;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC */

/*
** This function outputs the specified (ANSI) string to the Win32 debugger
** (if available).
*/

void sqlite3_win32_write_debug(const char *zBuf, int nBuf){
  char zDbgBuf[SQLITE_WIN32_DBG_BUF_SIZE];
................................................................................
  SIZE_T n;

  winMemAssertMagic();
  hHeap = winMemGetHeap();
  assert( hHeap!=0 );
  assert( hHeap!=INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE );
#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT && defined(SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC_VALIDATE)
  assert( osHeapValidate(hHeap, SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_FLAGS, p) );
#endif
  if( !p ) return 0;
  n = osHeapSize(hHeap, SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_FLAGS, p);
  if( n==(SIZE_T)-1 ){
    sqlite3_log(SQLITE_NOMEM, "failed to HeapSize block %p (%lu), heap=%p",
                p, osGetLastError(), (void*)hHeap);
    return 0;
................................................................................
/*
** Initialize this module.
*/
static int winMemInit(void *pAppData){
  winMemData *pWinMemData = (winMemData *)pAppData;

  if( !pWinMemData ) return SQLITE_ERROR;
  assert( pWinMemData->magic1==WINMEM_MAGIC1 );
  assert( pWinMemData->magic2==WINMEM_MAGIC2 );

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT && SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_CREATE
  if( !pWinMemData->hHeap ){
    pWinMemData->hHeap = osHeapCreate(SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_FLAGS,
                                      SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_INIT_SIZE,
                                      SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_MAX_SIZE);
    if( !pWinMemData->hHeap ){
................................................................................
/*
** Deinitialize this module.
*/
static void winMemShutdown(void *pAppData){
  winMemData *pWinMemData = (winMemData *)pAppData;

  if( !pWinMemData ) return;
  assert( pWinMemData->magic1==WINMEM_MAGIC1 );
  assert( pWinMemData->magic2==WINMEM_MAGIC2 );

  if( pWinMemData->hHeap ){
    assert( pWinMemData->hHeap!=INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE );
#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT && defined(SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC_VALIDATE)
    assert( osHeapValidate(pWinMemData->hHeap, SQLITE_WIN32_HEAP_FLAGS, NULL) );
#endif
    if( pWinMemData->bOwned ){
      if( !osHeapDestroy(pWinMemData->hHeap) ){
................................................................................
#endif
  /* caller will handle out of memory */
  return zConverted;
}

/*
** This function returns non-zero if the specified UTF-8 string buffer
** ends with a directory separator character or one was successfully
** added to it.
*/

static int winMakeEndInDirSep(int nBuf, char *zBuf){
  if( zBuf ){
    int nLen = sqlite3Strlen30(zBuf);
    if( nLen>0 ){
      if( winIsDirSep(zBuf[nLen-1]) ){
        return 1;
      }else if( nLen+1<nBuf ){
        zBuf[nLen] = winGetDirSep();
        zBuf[nLen+1] = '\0';
        return 1;
      }
    }
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** Create a temporary file name and store the resulting pointer into pzBuf.
** The pointer returned in pzBuf must be freed via sqlite3_free().
................................................................................
*/
static int winGetTempname(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, char **pzBuf){
  static char zChars[] =
    "abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz"
    "ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ"
    "0123456789";
  size_t i, j;
  int nPre = sqlite3Strlen30(SQLITE_TEMP_FILE_PREFIX);
  int nMax, nBuf, nDir, nLen;
  char *zBuf;

  /* It's odd to simulate an io-error here, but really this is just
  ** using the io-error infrastructure to test that SQLite handles this
  ** function failing. 
  */
  SimulateIOError( return SQLITE_IOERR );

  /* Allocate a temporary buffer to store the fully qualified file
  ** name for the temporary file.  If this fails, we cannot continue.
  */
  nMax = pVfs->mxPathname; nBuf = nMax + 2;
  zBuf = sqlite3MallocZero( nBuf );
  if( !zBuf ){
    OSTRACE(("TEMP-FILENAME rc=SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM\n"));
    return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
  }

  /* Figure out the effective temporary directory.  First, check if one
  ** has been explicitly set by the application; otherwise, use the one
  ** configured by the operating system.
  */
  nDir = nMax - (nPre + 15);
  assert( nDir>0 );
  if( sqlite3_temp_directory ){

    int nDirLen = sqlite3Strlen30(sqlite3_temp_directory);
    if( nDirLen>0 ){
      if( !winIsDirSep(sqlite3_temp_directory[nDirLen-1]) ){
        nDirLen++;
      }
      if( nDirLen>nDir ){
        sqlite3_free(zBuf);
        OSTRACE(("TEMP-FILENAME rc=SQLITE_ERROR\n"));
        return winLogError(SQLITE_ERROR, 0, "winGetTempname1", 0);
      }
      sqlite3_snprintf(nMax, zBuf, "%s", sqlite3_temp_directory);
    }
  }
#if defined(__CYGWIN__)
  else{
    static const char *azDirs[] = {
       0, /* getenv("SQLITE_TMPDIR") */
       0, /* getenv("TMPDIR") */
       0, /* getenv("TMP") */
................................................................................
    if( !azDirs[3] ) azDirs[3] = getenv("TEMP");
    if( !azDirs[4] ) azDirs[4] = getenv("USERPROFILE");
    for(i=0; i<sizeof(azDirs)/sizeof(azDirs[0]); zDir=azDirs[i++]){
      void *zConverted;
      if( zDir==0 ) continue;
      /* If the path starts with a drive letter followed by the colon
      ** character, assume it is already a native Win32 path; otherwise,
      ** it must be converted to a native Win32 path via the Cygwin API
      ** prior to using it.
      */
      if( winIsDriveLetterAndColon(zDir) ){
        zConverted = winConvertFromUtf8Filename(zDir);
        if( !zConverted ){
          sqlite3_free(zBuf);
          OSTRACE(("TEMP-FILENAME rc=SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM\n"));
          return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
        }
        if( winIsDir(zConverted) ){
          sqlite3_snprintf(nMax, zBuf, "%s", zDir);
          sqlite3_free(zConverted);
          break;
        }
        sqlite3_free(zConverted);
      }else{
        zConverted = sqlite3MallocZero( nMax+1 );
        if( !zConverted ){
          sqlite3_free(zBuf);
          OSTRACE(("TEMP-FILENAME rc=SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM\n"));
          return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
        }
        if( cygwin_conv_path(
                osIsNT() ? CCP_POSIX_TO_WIN_W : CCP_POSIX_TO_WIN_A, zDir,
                zConverted, nMax+1)<0 ){
          sqlite3_free(zConverted);
          sqlite3_free(zBuf);
          OSTRACE(("TEMP-FILENAME rc=SQLITE_IOERR_CONVPATH\n"));
          return winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_CONVPATH, (DWORD)errno,
                             "winGetTempname2", zDir);
        }
        if( winIsDir(zConverted) ){
          /* At this point, we know the candidate directory exists and should
          ** be used.  However, we may need to convert the string containing
          ** its name into UTF-8 (i.e. if it is UTF-16 right now).
          */
          if( osIsNT() ){
................................................................................
            char *zUtf8 = winUnicodeToUtf8(zConverted);
            if( !zUtf8 ){
              sqlite3_free(zConverted);
              sqlite3_free(zBuf);
              OSTRACE(("TEMP-FILENAME rc=SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM\n"));
              return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
            }
            sqlite3_snprintf(nMax, zBuf, "%s", zUtf8);
            sqlite3_free(zUtf8);
            sqlite3_free(zConverted);
            break;
          }else{
            sqlite3_snprintf(nMax, zBuf, "%s", zConverted);
            sqlite3_free(zConverted);
            break;
          }
        }
        sqlite3_free(zConverted);
      }
    }
  }
#elif !SQLITE_OS_WINRT && !defined(__CYGWIN__)
  else if( osIsNT() ){
    char *zMulti;
    LPWSTR zWidePath = sqlite3MallocZero( nMax*sizeof(WCHAR) );
    if( !zWidePath ){
      sqlite3_free(zBuf);
      OSTRACE(("TEMP-FILENAME rc=SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM\n"));
      return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
    }
    if( osGetTempPathW(nMax, zWidePath)==0 ){
      sqlite3_free(zWidePath);
      sqlite3_free(zBuf);
      OSTRACE(("TEMP-FILENAME rc=SQLITE_IOERR_GETTEMPPATH\n"));
      return winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_GETTEMPPATH, osGetLastError(),
                         "winGetTempname2", 0);
    }
    zMulti = winUnicodeToUtf8(zWidePath);
    if( zMulti ){
      sqlite3_snprintf(nMax, zBuf, "%s", zMulti);
      sqlite3_free(zMulti);
      sqlite3_free(zWidePath);
    }else{
      sqlite3_free(zWidePath);
      sqlite3_free(zBuf);
      OSTRACE(("TEMP-FILENAME rc=SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM\n"));
      return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
    }
  }
#ifdef SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI
  else{
    char *zUtf8;
    char *zMbcsPath = sqlite3MallocZero( nMax );
    if( !zMbcsPath ){
      sqlite3_free(zBuf);
      OSTRACE(("TEMP-FILENAME rc=SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM\n"));
      return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
    }
    if( osGetTempPathA(nMax, zMbcsPath)==0 ){
      sqlite3_free(zBuf);
      OSTRACE(("TEMP-FILENAME rc=SQLITE_IOERR_GETTEMPPATH\n"));
      return winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_GETTEMPPATH, osGetLastError(),
                         "winGetTempname3", 0);
    }
    zUtf8 = sqlite3_win32_mbcs_to_utf8(zMbcsPath);
    if( zUtf8 ){
      sqlite3_snprintf(nMax, zBuf, "%s", zUtf8);
      sqlite3_free(zUtf8);
    }else{
      sqlite3_free(zBuf);
      OSTRACE(("TEMP-FILENAME rc=SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM\n"));
      return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
    }
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI */
#endif /* !SQLITE_OS_WINRT */

  /*
  ** Check to make sure the temporary directory ends with an appropriate
  ** separator.  If it does not and there is not enough space left to add
  ** one, fail.
  */
  if( !winMakeEndInDirSep(nDir+1, zBuf) ){
    sqlite3_free(zBuf);
    OSTRACE(("TEMP-FILENAME rc=SQLITE_ERROR\n"));
    return winLogError(SQLITE_ERROR, 0, "winGetTempname4", 0);
  }

  /*
  ** Check that the output buffer is large enough for the temporary file 
  ** name in the following format:
  **
  **   "<temporary_directory>/etilqs_XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX\0\0"
  **
  ** If not, return SQLITE_ERROR.  The number 17 is used here in order to
  ** account for the space used by the 15 character random suffix and the
  ** two trailing NUL characters.  The final directory separator character
  ** has already added if it was not already present.
  */
  nLen = sqlite3Strlen30(zBuf);


  if( (nLen + nPre + 17) > nBuf ){
    sqlite3_free(zBuf);
    OSTRACE(("TEMP-FILENAME rc=SQLITE_ERROR\n"));
    return winLogError(SQLITE_ERROR, 0, "winGetTempname5", 0);
  }

  sqlite3_snprintf(nBuf-16-nLen, zBuf+nLen, SQLITE_TEMP_FILE_PREFIX);

  j = sqlite3Strlen30(zBuf);
  sqlite3_randomness(15, &zBuf[j]);
  for(i=0; i<15; i++, j++){
    zBuf[j] = (char)zChars[ ((unsigned char)zBuf[j])%(sizeof(zChars)-1) ];
  }
  zBuf[j] = 0;
................................................................................
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs,        /* Used to get maximum path name length */
  const char *zName,        /* Name of the file (UTF-8) */
  sqlite3_file *id,         /* Write the SQLite file handle here */
  int flags,                /* Open mode flags */
  int *pOutFlags            /* Status return flags */
){
  HANDLE h;
  DWORD lastErrno = 0;
  DWORD dwDesiredAccess;
  DWORD dwShareMode;
  DWORD dwCreationDisposition;
  DWORD dwFlagsAndAttributes = 0;
#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
  int isTemp = 0;
#endif
................................................................................
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs,          /* Not used on win32 */
  const char *zFilename,      /* Name of file to delete */
  int syncDir                 /* Not used on win32 */
){
  int cnt = 0;
  int rc;
  DWORD attr;
  DWORD lastErrno = 0;
  void *zConverted;
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pVfs);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(syncDir);

  SimulateIOError(return SQLITE_IOERR_DELETE);
  OSTRACE(("DELETE name=%s, syncDir=%d\n", zFilename, syncDir));

................................................................................
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs,         /* Not used on win32 */
  const char *zFilename,     /* Name of file to check */
  int flags,                 /* Type of test to make on this file */
  int *pResOut               /* OUT: Result */
){
  DWORD attr;
  int rc = 0;
  DWORD lastErrno = 0;
  void *zConverted;
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pVfs);

  SimulateIOError( return SQLITE_IOERR_ACCESS; );
  OSTRACE(("ACCESS name=%s, flags=%x, pResOut=%p\n",
           zFilename, flags, pResOut));

................................................................................
    }
    if( cygwin_conv_path(CCP_POSIX_TO_WIN_A|CCP_RELATIVE, zRelative, zOut,
                         pVfs->mxPathname+1)<0 ){
      sqlite3_free(zOut);
      return winLogError(SQLITE_CANTOPEN_CONVPATH, (DWORD)errno,
                         "winFullPathname1", zRelative);
    }
    sqlite3_snprintf(MIN(nFull, pVfs->mxPathname), zFull, "%s%c%s",
                     sqlite3_data_directory, winGetDirSep(), zOut);
    sqlite3_free(zOut);
  }else{
    if( cygwin_conv_path(CCP_POSIX_TO_WIN_A, zRelative, zFull, nFull)<0 ){
      return winLogError(SQLITE_CANTOPEN_CONVPATH, (DWORD)errno,
                         "winFullPathname2", zRelative);
    }
  }
................................................................................
  if ( sqlite3_data_directory && !winIsVerbatimPathname(zRelative) ){
    /*
    ** NOTE: We are dealing with a relative path name and the data
    **       directory has been set.  Therefore, use it as the basis
    **       for converting the relative path name to an absolute
    **       one by prepending the data directory and a backslash.
    */
    sqlite3_snprintf(MIN(nFull, pVfs->mxPathname), zFull, "%s%c%s",
                     sqlite3_data_directory, winGetDirSep(), zRelative);
  }else{
    sqlite3_snprintf(MIN(nFull, pVfs->mxPathname), zFull, "%s", zRelative);
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
#endif

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINCE && !SQLITE_OS_WINRT && !defined(__CYGWIN__)
................................................................................
  if ( sqlite3_data_directory && !winIsVerbatimPathname(zRelative) ){
    /*
    ** NOTE: We are dealing with a relative path name and the data
    **       directory has been set.  Therefore, use it as the basis
    **       for converting the relative path name to an absolute
    **       one by prepending the data directory and a backslash.
    */
    sqlite3_snprintf(MIN(nFull, pVfs->mxPathname), zFull, "%s%c%s",
                     sqlite3_data_directory, winGetDirSep(), zRelative);
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  zConverted = winConvertFromUtf8Filename(zRelative);
  if( zConverted==0 ){
    return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
  }
  if( osIsNT() ){
................................................................................
    winGetSystemCall,    /* xGetSystemCall */
    winNextSystemCall,   /* xNextSystemCall */
  };
#endif

  /* Double-check that the aSyscall[] array has been constructed
  ** correctly.  See ticket [bb3a86e890c8e96ab] */
  assert( ArraySize(aSyscall)==76 );

  /* get memory map allocation granularity */
  memset(&winSysInfo, 0, sizeof(SYSTEM_INFO));
#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  osGetNativeSystemInfo(&winSysInfo);
#else
  osGetSystemInfo(&winSysInfo);

Changes to src/parse.y.

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ifnotexists(A) ::= .              {A = 0;}
ifnotexists(A) ::= IF NOT EXISTS. {A = 1;}
%type temp {int}
%ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TEMPDB
temp(A) ::= TEMP.  {A = 1;}
%endif  SQLITE_OMIT_TEMPDB
temp(A) ::= .      {A = 0;}
create_table_args ::= LP columnlist conslist_opt(X) RP(Y). {
  sqlite3EndTable(pParse,&X,&Y,0);
}
create_table_args ::= AS select(S). {
  sqlite3EndTable(pParse,0,0,S);
  sqlite3SelectDelete(pParse->db, S);










}
columnlist ::= columnlist COMMA column.
columnlist ::= column.

// A "column" is a complete description of a single column in a
// CREATE TABLE statement.  This includes the column name, its
// datatype, and other keywords such as PRIMARY KEY, UNIQUE, REFERENCES,
................................................................................
// This obviates the need for the "id" nonterminal.
//
%fallback ID
  ABORT ACTION AFTER ANALYZE ASC ATTACH BEFORE BEGIN BY CASCADE CAST COLUMNKW
  CONFLICT DATABASE DEFERRED DESC DETACH EACH END EXCLUSIVE EXPLAIN FAIL FOR
  IGNORE IMMEDIATE INITIALLY INSTEAD LIKE_KW MATCH NO PLAN
  QUERY KEY OF OFFSET PRAGMA RAISE RELEASE REPLACE RESTRICT ROW ROLLBACK
  SAVEPOINT TEMP TRIGGER VACUUM VIEW VIRTUAL
%ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT
  EXCEPT INTERSECT UNION
%endif SQLITE_OMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT
  REINDEX RENAME CTIME_KW IF
  .
%wildcard ANY.

................................................................................
%type indexed_opt {Token}
indexed_opt(A) ::= .                 {A.z=0; A.n=0;}
indexed_opt(A) ::= INDEXED BY nm(X). {A = X;}
indexed_opt(A) ::= NOT INDEXED.      {A.z=0; A.n=1;}

%type using_opt {IdList*}
%destructor using_opt {sqlite3IdListDelete(pParse->db, $$);}
using_opt(U) ::= USING LP inscollist(L) RP.  {U = L;}
using_opt(U) ::= .                        {U = 0;}


%type orderby_opt {ExprList*}
%destructor orderby_opt {sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, $$);}
%type sortlist {ExprList*}
%destructor sortlist {sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, $$);}
................................................................................
    A.pSelect = pRight;
  }
}
%endif SQLITE_OMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT

%type inscollist_opt {IdList*}
%destructor inscollist_opt {sqlite3IdListDelete(pParse->db, $$);}
%type inscollist {IdList*}
%destructor inscollist {sqlite3IdListDelete(pParse->db, $$);}

inscollist_opt(A) ::= .                       {A = 0;}
inscollist_opt(A) ::= LP inscollist(X) RP.    {A = X;}
inscollist(A) ::= inscollist(X) COMMA nm(Y).
    {A = sqlite3IdListAppend(pParse->db,X,&Y);}
inscollist(A) ::= nm(Y).
    {A = sqlite3IdListAppend(pParse->db,0,&Y);}

/////////////////////////// Expression Processing /////////////////////////////
//

%type expr {ExprSpan}
%destructor expr {sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, $$.pExpr);}
................................................................................
trigger_time(A) ::= INSTEAD OF.  { A = TK_INSTEAD;}
trigger_time(A) ::= .            { A = TK_BEFORE; }

%type trigger_event {struct TrigEvent}
%destructor trigger_event {sqlite3IdListDelete(pParse->db, $$.b);}
trigger_event(A) ::= DELETE|INSERT(OP).       {A.a = @OP; A.b = 0;}
trigger_event(A) ::= UPDATE(OP).              {A.a = @OP; A.b = 0;}
trigger_event(A) ::= UPDATE OF inscollist(X). {A.a = TK_UPDATE; A.b = X;}

foreach_clause ::= .
foreach_clause ::= FOR EACH ROW.

%type when_clause {Expr*}
%destructor when_clause {sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, $$);}
when_clause(A) ::= .             { A = 0; }







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ifnotexists(A) ::= .              {A = 0;}
ifnotexists(A) ::= IF NOT EXISTS. {A = 1;}
%type temp {int}
%ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TEMPDB
temp(A) ::= TEMP.  {A = 1;}
%endif  SQLITE_OMIT_TEMPDB
temp(A) ::= .      {A = 0;}
create_table_args ::= LP columnlist conslist_opt(X) RP(E) table_options(F). {
  sqlite3EndTable(pParse,&X,&E,F,0);
}
create_table_args ::= AS select(S). {
  sqlite3EndTable(pParse,0,0,0,S);
  sqlite3SelectDelete(pParse->db, S);
}
%type table_options {u8}
table_options(A) ::= .    {A = 0;}
table_options(A) ::= WITHOUT nm(X). {
  if( X.n==5 && sqlite3_strnicmp(X.z,"rowid",5)==0 ){
    A = TF_WithoutRowid;
  }else{
    A = 0;
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "unknown table option: %.*s", X.n, X.z);
  }
}
columnlist ::= columnlist COMMA column.
columnlist ::= column.

// A "column" is a complete description of a single column in a
// CREATE TABLE statement.  This includes the column name, its
// datatype, and other keywords such as PRIMARY KEY, UNIQUE, REFERENCES,
................................................................................
// This obviates the need for the "id" nonterminal.
//
%fallback ID
  ABORT ACTION AFTER ANALYZE ASC ATTACH BEFORE BEGIN BY CASCADE CAST COLUMNKW
  CONFLICT DATABASE DEFERRED DESC DETACH EACH END EXCLUSIVE EXPLAIN FAIL FOR
  IGNORE IMMEDIATE INITIALLY INSTEAD LIKE_KW MATCH NO PLAN
  QUERY KEY OF OFFSET PRAGMA RAISE RELEASE REPLACE RESTRICT ROW ROLLBACK
  SAVEPOINT TEMP TRIGGER VACUUM VIEW VIRTUAL WITHOUT
%ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT
  EXCEPT INTERSECT UNION
%endif SQLITE_OMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT
  REINDEX RENAME CTIME_KW IF
  .
%wildcard ANY.

................................................................................
%type indexed_opt {Token}
indexed_opt(A) ::= .                 {A.z=0; A.n=0;}
indexed_opt(A) ::= INDEXED BY nm(X). {A = X;}
indexed_opt(A) ::= NOT INDEXED.      {A.z=0; A.n=1;}

%type using_opt {IdList*}
%destructor using_opt {sqlite3IdListDelete(pParse->db, $$);}
using_opt(U) ::= USING LP idlist(L) RP.  {U = L;}
using_opt(U) ::= .                        {U = 0;}


%type orderby_opt {ExprList*}
%destructor orderby_opt {sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, $$);}
%type sortlist {ExprList*}
%destructor sortlist {sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, $$);}
................................................................................
    A.pSelect = pRight;
  }
}
%endif SQLITE_OMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT

%type inscollist_opt {IdList*}
%destructor inscollist_opt {sqlite3IdListDelete(pParse->db, $$);}
%type idlist {IdList*}
%destructor idlist {sqlite3IdListDelete(pParse->db, $$);}

inscollist_opt(A) ::= .                       {A = 0;}
inscollist_opt(A) ::= LP idlist(X) RP.    {A = X;}
idlist(A) ::= idlist(X) COMMA nm(Y).
    {A = sqlite3IdListAppend(pParse->db,X,&Y);}
idlist(A) ::= nm(Y).
    {A = sqlite3IdListAppend(pParse->db,0,&Y);}

/////////////////////////// Expression Processing /////////////////////////////
//

%type expr {ExprSpan}
%destructor expr {sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, $$.pExpr);}
................................................................................
trigger_time(A) ::= INSTEAD OF.  { A = TK_INSTEAD;}
trigger_time(A) ::= .            { A = TK_BEFORE; }

%type trigger_event {struct TrigEvent}
%destructor trigger_event {sqlite3IdListDelete(pParse->db, $$.b);}
trigger_event(A) ::= DELETE|INSERT(OP).       {A.a = @OP; A.b = 0;}
trigger_event(A) ::= UPDATE(OP).              {A.a = @OP; A.b = 0;}
trigger_event(A) ::= UPDATE OF idlist(X). {A.a = TK_UPDATE; A.b = X;}

foreach_clause ::= .
foreach_clause ::= FOR EACH ROW.

%type when_clause {Expr*}
%destructor when_clause {sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, $$);}
when_clause(A) ::= .             { A = 0; }

Changes to src/pragma.c.

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  case PragTyp_TABLE_INFO: if( zRight ){
    Table *pTab;
    pTab = sqlite3FindTable(db, zRight, zDb);
    if( pTab ){
      int i, k;
      int nHidden = 0;
      Column *pCol;
      Index *pPk;
      for(pPk=pTab->pIndex; pPk && pPk->autoIndex!=2; pPk=pPk->pNext){}
      sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 6);
      pParse->nMem = 6;
      sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iDb);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "cid", SQLITE_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 1, COLNAME_NAME, "name", SQLITE_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 2, COLNAME_NAME, "type", SQLITE_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 3, COLNAME_NAME, "notnull", SQLITE_STATIC);
................................................................................
      pTab = pIdx->pTable;
      sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 3);
      pParse->nMem = 3;
      sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iDb);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "seqno", SQLITE_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 1, COLNAME_NAME, "cid", SQLITE_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 2, COLNAME_NAME, "name", SQLITE_STATIC);
      for(i=0; i<pIdx->nColumn; i++){
        int cnum = pIdx->aiColumn[i];
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, i, 1);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, cnum, 2);
        assert( pTab->nCol>cnum );
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 3, 0, pTab->aCol[cnum].zName, 0);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 3);
      }
    }
................................................................................
        pIdx = 0;
        sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDb, pParent->tnum, 0, pParent->zName);
        x = sqlite3FkLocateIndex(pParse, pParent, pFK, &pIdx, 0);
        if( x==0 ){
          if( pIdx==0 ){
            sqlite3OpenTable(pParse, i, iDb, pParent, OP_OpenRead);
          }else{
            KeyInfo *pKey = sqlite3IndexKeyinfo(pParse, pIdx);
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenRead, i, pIdx->tnum, iDb);
            sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char*)pKey, P4_KEYINFO_HANDOFF);

          }
        }else{
          k = 0;
          break;
        }
      }
      assert( pParse->nErr>0 || pFK==0 );
................................................................................
      ** for all tables and indices in the database.
      */
      assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, i, 0) );
      pTbls = &db->aDb[i].pSchema->tblHash;
      for(x=sqliteHashFirst(pTbls); x; x=sqliteHashNext(x)){
        Table *pTab = sqliteHashData(x);
        Index *pIdx;

        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, pTab->tnum, 2+cnt);

        cnt++;

        for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, pIdx->tnum, 2+cnt);

          cnt++;
        }
      }

      /* Make sure sufficient number of registers have been allocated */
      pParse->nMem = MAX( pParse->nMem, cnt+7 );

      /* Do the b-tree integrity checks */
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_IntegrityCk, 2, cnt, 1);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, (u8)i);
      addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IsNull, 2);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 3, 0,
         sqlite3MPrintf(db, "*** in database %s ***\n", db->aDb[i].zName),
................................................................................
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 2, 1);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);

      /* Make sure all the indices are constructed correctly.
      */
      for(x=sqliteHashFirst(pTbls); x && !isQuick; x=sqliteHashNext(x)){
        Table *pTab = sqliteHashData(x);
        Index *pIdx;
        int loopTop;


        if( pTab->pIndex==0 ) continue;

        addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfPos, 1);  /* Stop if out of errors */
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Halt, 0, 0);
        sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);
        sqlite3ExprCacheClear(pParse);
        sqlite3OpenTableAndIndices(pParse, pTab, 1, OP_OpenRead);
        for(j=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, j++){
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, 7+j); /* index entries counter */
        }
        pParse->nMem = MAX(pParse->nMem, 7+j);
        loopTop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, 1, 0) + 1;
        for(j=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, j++){
          int jmp2, jmp3;
          int r1;
          static const VdbeOpList idxErr[] = {
            { OP_AddImm,      1, -1,  0},
            { OP_String8,     0,  3,  0},    /* 1 */
            { OP_Rowid,       1,  4,  0},
            { OP_String8,     0,  5,  0},    /* 3 */
            { OP_String8,     0,  6,  0},    /* 4 */
            { OP_Concat,      4,  3,  3},
            { OP_Concat,      5,  3,  3},
            { OP_Concat,      6,  3,  3},
            { OP_ResultRow,   3,  1,  0},
            { OP_IfPos,       1,  0,  0},    /* 9 */
            { OP_Halt,        0,  0,  0},
          };
          r1 = sqlite3GenerateIndexKey(pParse, pIdx, 1, 3, 0, &jmp3);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, 7+j, 1);  /* increment entry count */
          jmp2 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_Found, j+2, 0, r1, pIdx->nColumn+1);
          addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOpList(v, ArraySize(idxErr), idxErr);
          sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, addr+1, "rowid ", P4_STATIC);
          sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, addr+3, " missing from index ", P4_STATIC);
          sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, addr+4, pIdx->zName, P4_TRANSIENT);
          sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr+9);
          sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, jmp2);
          sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, jmp3);
        }
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, 1, loopTop);
        sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, loopTop-1);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BTREECOUNT
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 2, 0, 
                     "wrong # of entries in index ", P4_STATIC);
        for(j=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, j++){

          addr = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IfPos, 1, addr+2);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Halt, 0, 0);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Count, j+2, 3);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Eq, 7+j, addr+8, 3);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, 1, -1);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 3, 0, pIdx->zName, P4_TRANSIENT);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Concat, 3, 2, 7);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 7, 1);
        }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_BTREECOUNT */
      } 







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  case PragTyp_TABLE_INFO: if( zRight ){
    Table *pTab;
    pTab = sqlite3FindTable(db, zRight, zDb);
    if( pTab ){
      int i, k;
      int nHidden = 0;
      Column *pCol;
      Index *pPk = sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pTab);

      sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 6);
      pParse->nMem = 6;
      sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iDb);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "cid", SQLITE_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 1, COLNAME_NAME, "name", SQLITE_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 2, COLNAME_NAME, "type", SQLITE_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 3, COLNAME_NAME, "notnull", SQLITE_STATIC);
................................................................................
      pTab = pIdx->pTable;
      sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 3);
      pParse->nMem = 3;
      sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iDb);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "seqno", SQLITE_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 1, COLNAME_NAME, "cid", SQLITE_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 2, COLNAME_NAME, "name", SQLITE_STATIC);
      for(i=0; i<pIdx->nKeyCol; i++){
        i16 cnum = pIdx->aiColumn[i];
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, i, 1);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, cnum, 2);
        assert( pTab->nCol>cnum );
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 3, 0, pTab->aCol[cnum].zName, 0);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 3);
      }
    }
................................................................................
        pIdx = 0;
        sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDb, pParent->tnum, 0, pParent->zName);
        x = sqlite3FkLocateIndex(pParse, pParent, pFK, &pIdx, 0);
        if( x==0 ){
          if( pIdx==0 ){
            sqlite3OpenTable(pParse, i, iDb, pParent, OP_OpenRead);
          }else{

            sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenRead, i, pIdx->tnum, iDb);

            sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(pParse, pIdx);
          }
        }else{
          k = 0;
          break;
        }
      }
      assert( pParse->nErr>0 || pFK==0 );
................................................................................
      ** for all tables and indices in the database.
      */
      assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, i, 0) );
      pTbls = &db->aDb[i].pSchema->tblHash;
      for(x=sqliteHashFirst(pTbls); x; x=sqliteHashNext(x)){
        Table *pTab = sqliteHashData(x);
        Index *pIdx;
        if( HasRowid(pTab) ){
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, pTab->tnum, 2+cnt);
          VdbeComment((v, "%s", pTab->zName));
          cnt++;
        }
        for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, pIdx->tnum, 2+cnt);
          VdbeComment((v, "%s", pIdx->zName));
          cnt++;
        }
      }

      /* Make sure sufficient number of registers have been allocated */
      pParse->nMem = MAX( pParse->nMem, cnt+8 );

      /* Do the b-tree integrity checks */
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_IntegrityCk, 2, cnt, 1);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, (u8)i);
      addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IsNull, 2);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 3, 0,
         sqlite3MPrintf(db, "*** in database %s ***\n", db->aDb[i].zName),
................................................................................
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 2, 1);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);

      /* Make sure all the indices are constructed correctly.
      */
      for(x=sqliteHashFirst(pTbls); x && !isQuick; x=sqliteHashNext(x)){
        Table *pTab = sqliteHashData(x);
        Index *pIdx, *pPk;
        int loopTop;
        int iDataCur, iIdxCur;

        if( pTab->pIndex==0 ) continue;
        pPk = HasRowid(pTab) ? 0 : sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pTab);
        addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfPos, 1);  /* Stop if out of errors */
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Halt, 0, 0);
        sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);
        sqlite3ExprCacheClear(pParse);
        sqlite3OpenTableAndIndices(pParse, pTab, OP_OpenRead,
                                   1, &iDataCur, &iIdxCur);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, 7);
        for(j=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, j++){
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, 8+j); /* index entries counter */
        }
        pParse->nMem = MAX(pParse->nMem, 8+j);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iDataCur, 0);
        loopTop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, 7, 1);
        for(j=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, j++){
          int jmp2, jmp3, jmp4;
          int r1;
          if( pPk==pIdx ) continue;
          r1 = sqlite3GenerateIndexKey(pParse, pIdx, iDataCur, 0, 0, &jmp3);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, 8+j, 1);  /* increment entry count */
          jmp2 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_Found, iIdxCur+j, 0, r1,
                                      pIdx->nColumn);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, 1, -1); /* Decrement error limit */
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 3, 0, "row ", P4_STATIC);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Concat, 7, 3, 3);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 4, 0, " missing from index ",
                            P4_STATIC);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Concat, 4, 3, 3);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 4, 0, pIdx->zName, P4_TRANSIENT);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Concat, 4, 3, 3);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 3, 1);
          jmp4 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfPos, 1);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Halt);
          sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, jmp4);
          sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, jmp2);
          sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, jmp3);
        }
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iDataCur, loopTop);

        sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, loopTop-1);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BTREECOUNT
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 2, 0, 
                     "wrong # of entries in index ", P4_STATIC);
        for(j=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, j++){
          if( pPk==pIdx ) continue;
          addr = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IfPos, 1, addr+2);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Halt, 0, 0);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Count, iIdxCur+j, 3);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Eq, 8+j, addr+8, 3);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, 1, -1);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 3, 0, pIdx->zName, P4_TRANSIENT);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Concat, 3, 2, 7);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 7, 1);
        }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_BTREECOUNT */
      } 

Changes to src/resolve.c.

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230
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377
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384
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  int cntTab = 0;                   /* Number of matching table names */
  int nSubquery = 0;                /* How many levels of subquery */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;         /* The database connection */
  struct SrcList_item *pItem;       /* Use for looping over pSrcList items */
  struct SrcList_item *pMatch = 0;  /* The matching pSrcList item */
  NameContext *pTopNC = pNC;        /* First namecontext in the list */
  Schema *pSchema = 0;              /* Schema of the expression */
  int isTrigger = 0;



  assert( pNC );     /* the name context cannot be NULL. */
  assert( zCol );    /* The Z in X.Y.Z cannot be NULL */
  assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_TokenOnly|EP_Reduced) );

  /* Initialize the node to no-match */
  pExpr->iTable = -1;
................................................................................
  /* Start at the inner-most context and move outward until a match is found */
  while( pNC && cnt==0 ){
    ExprList *pEList;
    SrcList *pSrcList = pNC->pSrcList;

    if( pSrcList ){
      for(i=0, pItem=pSrcList->a; i<pSrcList->nSrc; i++, pItem++){
        Table *pTab;
        Column *pCol;
  
        pTab = pItem->pTab;
        assert( pTab!=0 && pTab->zName!=0 );
        assert( pTab->nCol>0 );
        if( pItem->pSelect && (pItem->pSelect->selFlags & SF_NestedFrom)!=0 ){
          int hit = 0;
          pEList = pItem->pSelect->pEList;
          for(j=0; j<pEList->nExpr; j++){
................................................................................
      }
    } /* if( pSrcList ) */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
    /* If we have not already resolved the name, then maybe 
    ** it is a new.* or old.* trigger argument reference
    */
    if( zDb==0 && zTab!=0 && cnt==0 && pParse->pTriggerTab!=0 ){
      int op = pParse->eTriggerOp;
      Table *pTab = 0;
      assert( op==TK_DELETE || op==TK_UPDATE || op==TK_INSERT );
      if( op!=TK_DELETE && sqlite3StrICmp("new",zTab) == 0 ){
        pExpr->iTable = 1;
        pTab = pParse->pTriggerTab;
      }else if( op!=TK_INSERT && sqlite3StrICmp("old",zTab)==0 ){
        pExpr->iTable = 0;
        pTab = pParse->pTriggerTab;
      }

      if( pTab ){ 
        int iCol;
        pSchema = pTab->pSchema;
        cntTab++;
        for(iCol=0; iCol<pTab->nCol; iCol++){
          Column *pCol = &pTab->aCol[iCol];
          if( sqlite3StrICmp(pCol->zName, zCol)==0 ){
            if( iCol==pTab->iPKey ){
              iCol = -1;
            }
            break;
          }
        }
        if( iCol>=pTab->nCol && sqlite3IsRowid(zCol) ){
          iCol = -1;        /* IMP: R-44911-55124 */
        }
        if( iCol<pTab->nCol ){
          cnt++;
          if( iCol<0 ){
            pExpr->affinity = SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER;
          }else if( pExpr->iTable==0 ){
................................................................................
      }
    }
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER) */

    /*
    ** Perhaps the name is a reference to the ROWID
    */

    if( cnt==0 && cntTab==1 && sqlite3IsRowid(zCol) ){
      cnt = 1;
      pExpr->iColumn = -1;     /* IMP: R-44911-55124 */
      pExpr->affinity = SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER;
    }

    /*
    ** If the input is of the form Z (not Y.Z or X.Y.Z) then the name Z







|
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>







 







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<







 







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<













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374
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383
384
385
386
387
388
389
  int cntTab = 0;                   /* Number of matching table names */
  int nSubquery = 0;                /* How many levels of subquery */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;         /* The database connection */
  struct SrcList_item *pItem;       /* Use for looping over pSrcList items */
  struct SrcList_item *pMatch = 0;  /* The matching pSrcList item */
  NameContext *pTopNC = pNC;        /* First namecontext in the list */
  Schema *pSchema = 0;              /* Schema of the expression */
  int isTrigger = 0;                /* True if resolved to a trigger column */
  Table *pTab = 0;                  /* Table hold the row */
  Column *pCol;                     /* A column of pTab */

  assert( pNC );     /* the name context cannot be NULL. */
  assert( zCol );    /* The Z in X.Y.Z cannot be NULL */
  assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_TokenOnly|EP_Reduced) );

  /* Initialize the node to no-match */
  pExpr->iTable = -1;
................................................................................
  /* Start at the inner-most context and move outward until a match is found */
  while( pNC && cnt==0 ){
    ExprList *pEList;
    SrcList *pSrcList = pNC->pSrcList;

    if( pSrcList ){
      for(i=0, pItem=pSrcList->a; i<pSrcList->nSrc; i++, pItem++){



        pTab = pItem->pTab;
        assert( pTab!=0 && pTab->zName!=0 );
        assert( pTab->nCol>0 );
        if( pItem->pSelect && (pItem->pSelect->selFlags & SF_NestedFrom)!=0 ){
          int hit = 0;
          pEList = pItem->pSelect->pEList;
          for(j=0; j<pEList->nExpr; j++){
................................................................................
      }
    } /* if( pSrcList ) */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
    /* If we have not already resolved the name, then maybe 
    ** it is a new.* or old.* trigger argument reference
    */
    if( zDb==0 && zTab!=0 && cntTab==0 && pParse->pTriggerTab!=0 ){
      int op = pParse->eTriggerOp;

      assert( op==TK_DELETE || op==TK_UPDATE || op==TK_INSERT );
      if( op!=TK_DELETE && sqlite3StrICmp("new",zTab) == 0 ){
        pExpr->iTable = 1;
        pTab = pParse->pTriggerTab;
      }else if( op!=TK_INSERT && sqlite3StrICmp("old",zTab)==0 ){
        pExpr->iTable = 0;
        pTab = pParse->pTriggerTab;
      }

      if( pTab ){ 
        int iCol;
        pSchema = pTab->pSchema;
        cntTab++;
        for(iCol=0, pCol=pTab->aCol; iCol<pTab->nCol; iCol++, pCol++){

          if( sqlite3StrICmp(pCol->zName, zCol)==0 ){
            if( iCol==pTab->iPKey ){
              iCol = -1;
            }
            break;
          }
        }
        if( iCol>=pTab->nCol && sqlite3IsRowid(zCol) && HasRowid(pTab) ){
          iCol = -1;        /* IMP: R-44911-55124 */
        }
        if( iCol<pTab->nCol ){
          cnt++;
          if( iCol<0 ){
            pExpr->affinity = SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER;
          }else if( pExpr->iTable==0 ){
................................................................................
      }
    }
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER) */

    /*
    ** Perhaps the name is a reference to the ROWID
    */
    assert( pTab!=0 || cntTab==0 );
    if( cnt==0 && cntTab==1 && sqlite3IsRowid(zCol) && HasRowid(pTab) ){
      cnt = 1;
      pExpr->iColumn = -1;     /* IMP: R-44911-55124 */
      pExpr->affinity = SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER;
    }

    /*
    ** If the input is of the form Z (not Y.Z or X.Y.Z) then the name Z

Changes to src/select.c.

799
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801
802
803
804
805
806
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816
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820
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823
































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838
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843
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849
850
851
852
853
854
855
....
1984
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1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
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1994
1995
1996
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1998
....
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
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2012
2013

2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021
2022
2023
2024
....
2049
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2052
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2054
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2063
....
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2079
....
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2383
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2388
2389
....
2401
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2403
2404
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2406
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2409

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2412
2413
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2415
2416
....
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2498
2499
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2501

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2508
....
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2582
2583
2584
2585
2586
2587
....
3799
3800
3801
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3803
3804
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3806
3807
3808
3809
3810
3811
3812
3813
....
4254
4255
4256
4257
4258
4259
4260
4261
4262
4263
4264
4265
4266
4267
4268
....
4282
4283
4284
4285
4286
4287
4288
4289
4290
4291
4292
4293
4294
4295
4296
....
4406
4407
4408
4409
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4414
4415
4416
4417
4418
4419
4420
....
4520
4521
4522
4523
4524
4525
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4528
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4530
4531
4532
4533
4534
....
4646
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4653
4654
4655
4656
4657
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4659
4660
4661
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4664
4665
4666
  */
  if( pOrderBy==0 && p->iLimit ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_IfZero, p->iLimit, iBreak, -1);
  }
}

/*
** Allocate a KeyInfo object sufficient for an index of N columns.
**
** Actually, always allocate one extra column for the rowid at the end
** of the index.  So the KeyInfo returned will have space sufficient for
** N+1 columns.
*/
KeyInfo *sqlite3KeyInfoAlloc(sqlite3 *db, int N){
  KeyInfo *p = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, 
                   sizeof(KeyInfo) + (N+1)*(sizeof(CollSeq*)+1));
  if( p ){
    p->aSortOrder = (u8*)&p->aColl[N+1];
    p->nField = (u16)N;

    p->enc = ENC(db);
    p->db = db;



  }
  return p;
}

































/*
** Given an expression list, generate a KeyInfo structure that records
** the collating sequence for each expression in that expression list.
**
** If the ExprList is an ORDER BY or GROUP BY clause then the resulting
** KeyInfo structure is appropriate for initializing a virtual index to
** implement that clause.  If the ExprList is the result set of a SELECT
** then the KeyInfo structure is appropriate for initializing a virtual
** index to implement a DISTINCT test.
**
** Space to hold the KeyInfo structure is obtain from malloc.  The calling
** function is responsible for seeing that this structure is eventually
** freed.  Add the KeyInfo structure to the P4 field of an opcode using
** P4_KEYINFO_HANDOFF is the usual way of dealing with this.
*/
static KeyInfo *keyInfoFromExprList(Parse *pParse, ExprList *pList){
  int nExpr;
  KeyInfo *pInfo;
  struct ExprList_item *pItem;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  int i;

  nExpr = pList->nExpr;
  pInfo = sqlite3KeyInfoAlloc(db, nExpr);
  if( pInfo ){

    for(i=0, pItem=pList->a; i<nExpr; i++, pItem++){
      CollSeq *pColl;
      pColl = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pParse, pItem->pExpr);
      if( !pColl ) pColl = db->pDfltColl;
      pInfo->aColl[i] = pColl;
      pInfo->aSortOrder[i] = pItem->sortOrder;
    }
................................................................................
    KeyInfo *pKeyInfo;            /* Collating sequence for the result set */
    Select *pLoop;                /* For looping through SELECT statements */
    CollSeq **apColl;             /* For looping through pKeyInfo->aColl[] */
    int nCol;                     /* Number of columns in result set */

    assert( p->pRightmost==p );
    nCol = p->pEList->nExpr;
    pKeyInfo = sqlite3KeyInfoAlloc(db, nCol);
    if( !pKeyInfo ){
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
      goto multi_select_end;
    }
    for(i=0, apColl=pKeyInfo->aColl; i<nCol; i++, apColl++){
      *apColl = multiSelectCollSeq(pParse, p, i);
      if( 0==*apColl ){
................................................................................
        if( addr<0 ){
          /* If [0] is unused then [1] is also unused.  So we can
          ** always safely abort as soon as the first unused slot is found */
          assert( pLoop->addrOpenEphm[1]<0 );
          break;
        }
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP2(v, addr, nCol);
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, addr, (char*)pKeyInfo, P4_KEYINFO);

        pLoop->addrOpenEphm[i] = -1;
      }
    }
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pKeyInfo);
  }

multi_select_end:
  pDest->iSdst = dest.iSdst;
  pDest->nSdst = dest.nSdst;
  sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pDelete);
  return rc;
................................................................................
  Parse *pParse,          /* Parsing context */
  Select *p,              /* The SELECT statement */
  SelectDest *pIn,        /* Coroutine supplying data */
  SelectDest *pDest,      /* Where to send the data */
  int regReturn,          /* The return address register */
  int regPrev,            /* Previous result register.  No uniqueness if 0 */
  KeyInfo *pKeyInfo,      /* For comparing with previous entry */
  int p4type,             /* The p4 type for pKeyInfo */
  int iBreak              /* Jump here if we hit the LIMIT */
){
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
  int iContinue;
  int addr;

  addr = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
................................................................................

  /* Suppress duplicates for UNION, EXCEPT, and INTERSECT 
  */
  if( regPrev ){
    int j1, j2;
    j1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfNot, regPrev);
    j2 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Compare, pIn->iSdst, regPrev+1, pIn->nSdst,
                              (char*)pKeyInfo, p4type);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Jump, j2+2, iContinue, j2+2);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, j1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Copy, pIn->iSdst, regPrev+1, pIn->nSdst-1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 1, regPrev);
  }
  if( pParse->db->mallocFailed ) return 0;

................................................................................
  aPermute = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, sizeof(int)*nOrderBy);
  if( aPermute ){
    struct ExprList_item *pItem;
    for(i=0, pItem=pOrderBy->a; i<nOrderBy; i++, pItem++){
      assert( pItem->iOrderByCol>0  && pItem->iOrderByCol<=p->pEList->nExpr );
      aPermute[i] = pItem->iOrderByCol - 1;
    }
    pKeyMerge = sqlite3KeyInfoAlloc(db, nOrderBy);
    if( pKeyMerge ){
      for(i=0; i<nOrderBy; i++){
        CollSeq *pColl;
        Expr *pTerm = pOrderBy->a[i].pExpr;
        if( pTerm->flags & EP_Collate ){
          pColl = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pParse, pTerm);
        }else{
          pColl = multiSelectCollSeq(pParse, p, aPermute[i]);
          if( pColl==0 ) pColl = db->pDfltColl;
          pOrderBy->a[i].pExpr =
             sqlite3ExprAddCollateString(pParse, pTerm, pColl->zName);
        }

        pKeyMerge->aColl[i] = pColl;
        pKeyMerge->aSortOrder[i] = pOrderBy->a[i].sortOrder;
      }
    }
  }else{
    pKeyMerge = 0;
  }
................................................................................
    regPrev = 0;
  }else{
    int nExpr = p->pEList->nExpr;
    assert( nOrderBy>=nExpr || db->mallocFailed );
    regPrev = pParse->nMem+1;
    pParse->nMem += nExpr+1;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, regPrev);
    pKeyDup = sqlite3KeyInfoAlloc(db, nExpr);
    if( pKeyDup ){

      for(i=0; i<nExpr; i++){
        pKeyDup->aColl[i] = multiSelectCollSeq(pParse, p, i);
        pKeyDup->aSortOrder[i] = 0;
      }
    }
  }
 
................................................................................

  /* Generate a subroutine that outputs the current row of the A
  ** select as the next output row of the compound select.
  */
  VdbeNoopComment((v, "Output routine for A"));
  addrOutA = generateOutputSubroutine(pParse,
                 p, &destA, pDest, regOutA,
                 regPrev, pKeyDup, P4_KEYINFO_HANDOFF, labelEnd);
  
  /* Generate a subroutine that outputs the current row of the B
  ** select as the next output row of the compound select.
  */
  if( op==TK_ALL || op==TK_UNION ){
    VdbeNoopComment((v, "Output routine for B"));
    addrOutB = generateOutputSubroutine(pParse,
                 p, &destB, pDest, regOutB,
                 regPrev, pKeyDup, P4_KEYINFO_STATIC, labelEnd);
  }


  /* Generate a subroutine to run when the results from select A
  ** are exhausted and only data in select B remains.
  */
  VdbeNoopComment((v, "eof-A subroutine"));
  if( op==TK_EXCEPT || op==TK_INTERSECT ){
    addrEofA = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, labelEnd);
................................................................................
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_If, regEofB, addrEofB);

  /* Implement the main merge loop
  */
  sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, labelCmpr);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Permutation, 0, 0, 0, (char*)aPermute, P4_INTARRAY);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Compare, destA.iSdst, destB.iSdst, nOrderBy,
                         (char*)pKeyMerge, P4_KEYINFO_HANDOFF);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_PERMUTE);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Jump, addrAltB, addrAeqB, addrAgtB);

  /* Jump to the this point in order to terminate the query.
  */
  sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, labelEnd);

................................................................................
      if( pE->x.pList==0 || pE->x.pList->nExpr!=1 ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "DISTINCT aggregates must have exactly one "
           "argument");
        pFunc->iDistinct = -1;
      }else{
        KeyInfo *pKeyInfo = keyInfoFromExprList(pParse, pE->x.pList);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_OpenEphemeral, pFunc->iDistinct, 0, 0,
                          (char*)pKeyInfo, P4_KEYINFO_HANDOFF);
      }
    }
  }
}

/*
** Invoke the OP_AggFinalize opcode for every aggregate function
................................................................................
  if( pOrderBy ){
    KeyInfo *pKeyInfo;
    pKeyInfo = keyInfoFromExprList(pParse, pOrderBy);
    pOrderBy->iECursor = pParse->nTab++;
    p->addrOpenEphm[2] = addrSortIndex =
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_OpenEphemeral,
                           pOrderBy->iECursor, pOrderBy->nExpr+2, 0,
                           (char*)pKeyInfo, P4_KEYINFO_HANDOFF);
  }else{
    addrSortIndex = -1;
  }

  /* If the output is destined for a temporary table, open that table.
  */
  if( pDest->eDest==SRT_EphemTab ){
................................................................................
  /* Open a virtual index to use for the distinct set.
  */
  if( p->selFlags & SF_Distinct ){
    sDistinct.tabTnct = pParse->nTab++;
    sDistinct.addrTnct = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_OpenEphemeral,
                                sDistinct.tabTnct, 0, 0,
                                (char*)keyInfoFromExprList(pParse, p->pEList),
                                P4_KEYINFO_HANDOFF);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, BTREE_UNORDERED);
    sDistinct.eTnctType = WHERE_DISTINCT_UNORDERED;
  }else{
    sDistinct.eTnctType = WHERE_DISTINCT_NOOP;
  }

  if( !isAgg && pGroupBy==0 ){
................................................................................
      ** that we do not need it after all, the OP_SorterOpen instruction
      ** will be converted into a Noop.  
      */
      sAggInfo.sortingIdx = pParse->nTab++;
      pKeyInfo = keyInfoFromExprList(pParse, pGroupBy);
      addrSortingIdx = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_SorterOpen, 
          sAggInfo.sortingIdx, sAggInfo.nSortingColumn, 
          0, (char*)pKeyInfo, P4_KEYINFO_HANDOFF);

      /* Initialize memory locations used by GROUP BY aggregate processing
      */
      iUseFlag = ++pParse->nMem;
      iAbortFlag = ++pParse->nMem;
      regOutputRow = ++pParse->nMem;
      addrOutputRow = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
................................................................................
          if( j==0 ) sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_CLEARCACHE);
        }else{
          sAggInfo.directMode = 1;
          sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pGroupBy->a[j].pExpr, iBMem+j);
        }
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Compare, iAMem, iBMem, pGroupBy->nExpr,
                          (char*)pKeyInfo, P4_KEYINFO);
      j1 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Jump, j1+1, 0, j1+1);

      /* Generate code that runs whenever the GROUP BY changes.
      ** Changes in the GROUP BY are detected by the previous code
      ** block.  If there were no changes, this block is skipped.
      **
................................................................................
           && (!pBest || pIdx->szIdxRow<pBest->szIdxRow)
          ){
            pBest = pIdx;
          }
        }
        if( pBest ){
          iRoot = pBest->tnum;
          pKeyInfo = sqlite3IndexKeyinfo(pParse, pBest);
        }

        /* Open a read-only cursor, execute the OP_Count, close the cursor. */
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenRead, iCsr, iRoot, iDb);
        if( pKeyInfo ){
          sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char *)pKeyInfo, P4_KEYINFO_HANDOFF);
        }
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Count, iCsr, sAggInfo.aFunc[0].iMem);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, iCsr);
        explainSimpleCount(pParse, pTab, pBest);
      }else
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_BTREECOUNT */
      {







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870
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883
884
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886
887
888
....
2017
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2019
2020
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2029
2030
2031
....
2039
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....
2083
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2090
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2096
....
2098
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2110
2111
2112
....
2396
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....
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2451
....
2519
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2532
2533
2534
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2539
2540
2541
2542
2543
2544
....
2609
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2618
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2620
2621
2622
2623
....
3835
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3838
3839
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3842
3843
3844
3845
3846
3847
3848
3849
....
4290
4291
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4293
4294
4295
4296
4297
4298
4299
4300
4301
4302
4303
4304
....
4318
4319
4320
4321
4322
4323
4324
4325
4326
4327
4328
4329
4330
4331
4332
....
4442
4443
4444
4445
4446
4447
4448
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4451
4452
4453
4454
4455
4456
....
4556
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....
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4699
4700
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4702
  */
  if( pOrderBy==0 && p->iLimit ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_IfZero, p->iLimit, iBreak, -1);
  }
}

/*
** Allocate a KeyInfo object sufficient for an index of N key columns and



** X extra columns.
*/
KeyInfo *sqlite3KeyInfoAlloc(sqlite3 *db, int N, int X){
  KeyInfo *p = sqlite3DbMallocZero(0, 
                   sizeof(KeyInfo) + (N+X)*(sizeof(CollSeq*)+1));
  if( p ){
    p->aSortOrder = (u8*)&p->aColl[N+X];
    p->nField = (u16)N;
    p->nXField = (u16)X;
    p->enc = ENC(db);
    p->db = db;
    p->nRef = 1;
  }else{
    db->mallocFailed = 1;
  }
  return p;
}

/*
** Deallocate a KeyInfo object
*/
void sqlite3KeyInfoUnref(KeyInfo *p){
  if( p ){
    assert( p->nRef>0 );
    p->nRef--;
    if( p->nRef==0 ) sqlite3DbFree(0, p);
  }
}

/*
** Make a new pointer to a KeyInfo object
*/
KeyInfo *sqlite3KeyInfoRef(KeyInfo *p){
  if( p ){
    assert( p->nRef>0 );
    p->nRef++;
  }
  return p;
}

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
/*
** Return TRUE if a KeyInfo object can be change.  The KeyInfo object
** can only be changed if this is just a single reference to the object.
**
** This routine is used only inside of assert() statements.
*/
int sqlite3KeyInfoIsWriteable(KeyInfo *p){ return p->nRef==1; }
#endif /* SQLITE_DEBUG */

/*
** Given an expression list, generate a KeyInfo structure that records
** the collating sequence for each expression in that expression list.
**
** If the ExprList is an ORDER BY or GROUP BY clause then the resulting
** KeyInfo structure is appropriate for initializing a virtual index to
** implement that clause.  If the ExprList is the result set of a SELECT
** then the KeyInfo structure is appropriate for initializing a virtual
** index to implement a DISTINCT test.
**
** Space to hold the KeyInfo structure is obtain from malloc.  The calling
** function is responsible for seeing that this structure is eventually
** freed.

*/
static KeyInfo *keyInfoFromExprList(Parse *pParse, ExprList *pList){
  int nExpr;
  KeyInfo *pInfo;
  struct ExprList_item *pItem;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  int i;

  nExpr = pList->nExpr;
  pInfo = sqlite3KeyInfoAlloc(db, nExpr, 1);
  if( pInfo ){
    assert( sqlite3KeyInfoIsWriteable(pInfo) );
    for(i=0, pItem=pList->a; i<nExpr; i++, pItem++){
      CollSeq *pColl;
      pColl = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pParse, pItem->pExpr);
      if( !pColl ) pColl = db->pDfltColl;
      pInfo->aColl[i] = pColl;
      pInfo->aSortOrder[i] = pItem->sortOrder;
    }
................................................................................
    KeyInfo *pKeyInfo;            /* Collating sequence for the result set */
    Select *pLoop;                /* For looping through SELECT statements */
    CollSeq **apColl;             /* For looping through pKeyInfo->aColl[] */
    int nCol;                     /* Number of columns in result set */

    assert( p->pRightmost==p );
    nCol = p->pEList->nExpr;
    pKeyInfo = sqlite3KeyInfoAlloc(db, nCol, 1);
    if( !pKeyInfo ){
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
      goto multi_select_end;
    }
    for(i=0, apColl=pKeyInfo->aColl; i<nCol; i++, apColl++){
      *apColl = multiSelectCollSeq(pParse, p, i);
      if( 0==*apColl ){
................................................................................
        if( addr<0 ){
          /* If [0] is unused then [1] is also unused.  So we can
          ** always safely abort as soon as the first unused slot is found */
          assert( pLoop->addrOpenEphm[1]<0 );
          break;
        }
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP2(v, addr, nCol);
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, addr, (char*)sqlite3KeyInfoRef(pKeyInfo),
                            P4_KEYINFO);
        pLoop->addrOpenEphm[i] = -1;
      }
    }
    sqlite3KeyInfoUnref(pKeyInfo);
  }

multi_select_end:
  pDest->iSdst = dest.iSdst;
  pDest->nSdst = dest.nSdst;
  sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pDelete);
  return rc;
................................................................................
  Parse *pParse,          /* Parsing context */
  Select *p,              /* The SELECT statement */
  SelectDest *pIn,        /* Coroutine supplying data */
  SelectDest *pDest,      /* Where to send the data */
  int regReturn,          /* The return address register */
  int regPrev,            /* Previous result register.  No uniqueness if 0 */
  KeyInfo *pKeyInfo,      /* For comparing with previous entry */

  int iBreak              /* Jump here if we hit the LIMIT */
){
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
  int iContinue;
  int addr;

  addr = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
................................................................................

  /* Suppress duplicates for UNION, EXCEPT, and INTERSECT 
  */
  if( regPrev ){
    int j1, j2;
    j1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfNot, regPrev);
    j2 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Compare, pIn->iSdst, regPrev+1, pIn->nSdst,
                              (char*)sqlite3KeyInfoRef(pKeyInfo), P4_KEYINFO);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Jump, j2+2, iContinue, j2+2);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, j1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Copy, pIn->iSdst, regPrev+1, pIn->nSdst-1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 1, regPrev);
  }
  if( pParse->db->mallocFailed ) return 0;

................................................................................
  aPermute = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, sizeof(int)*nOrderBy);
  if( aPermute ){
    struct ExprList_item *pItem;
    for(i=0, pItem=pOrderBy->a; i<nOrderBy; i++, pItem++){
      assert( pItem->iOrderByCol>0  && pItem->iOrderByCol<=p->pEList->nExpr );
      aPermute[i] = pItem->iOrderByCol - 1;
    }
    pKeyMerge = sqlite3KeyInfoAlloc(db, nOrderBy, 1);
    if( pKeyMerge ){
      for(i=0; i<nOrderBy; i++){
        CollSeq *pColl;
        Expr *pTerm = pOrderBy->a[i].pExpr;
        if( pTerm->flags & EP_Collate ){
          pColl = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pParse, pTerm);
        }else{
          pColl = multiSelectCollSeq(pParse, p, aPermute[i]);
          if( pColl==0 ) pColl = db->pDfltColl;
          pOrderBy->a[i].pExpr =
             sqlite3ExprAddCollateString(pParse, pTerm, pColl->zName);
        }
        assert( sqlite3KeyInfoIsWriteable(pKeyMerge) );
        pKeyMerge->aColl[i] = pColl;
        pKeyMerge->aSortOrder[i] = pOrderBy->a[i].sortOrder;
      }
    }
  }else{
    pKeyMerge = 0;
  }
................................................................................
    regPrev = 0;
  }else{
    int nExpr = p->pEList->nExpr;
    assert( nOrderBy>=nExpr || db->mallocFailed );
    regPrev = pParse->nMem+1;
    pParse->nMem += nExpr+1;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, regPrev);
    pKeyDup = sqlite3KeyInfoAlloc(db, nExpr, 1);
    if( pKeyDup ){
      assert( sqlite3KeyInfoIsWriteable(pKeyDup) );
      for(i=0; i<nExpr; i++){
        pKeyDup->aColl[i] = multiSelectCollSeq(pParse, p, i);
        pKeyDup->aSortOrder[i] = 0;
      }
    }
  }
 
................................................................................

  /* Generate a subroutine that outputs the current row of the A
  ** select as the next output row of the compound select.
  */
  VdbeNoopComment((v, "Output routine for A"));
  addrOutA = generateOutputSubroutine(pParse,
                 p, &destA, pDest, regOutA,
                 regPrev, pKeyDup, labelEnd);
  
  /* Generate a subroutine that outputs the current row of the B
  ** select as the next output row of the compound select.
  */
  if( op==TK_ALL || op==TK_UNION ){
    VdbeNoopComment((v, "Output routine for B"));
    addrOutB = generateOutputSubroutine(pParse,
                 p, &destB, pDest, regOutB,
                 regPrev, pKeyDup, labelEnd);
  }
  sqlite3KeyInfoUnref(pKeyDup);

  /* Generate a subroutine to run when the results from select A
  ** are exhausted and only data in select B remains.
  */
  VdbeNoopComment((v, "eof-A subroutine"));
  if( op==TK_EXCEPT || op==TK_INTERSECT ){
    addrEofA = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, labelEnd);
................................................................................
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_If, regEofB, addrEofB);

  /* Implement the main merge loop
  */
  sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, labelCmpr);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Permutation, 0, 0, 0, (char*)aPermute, P4_INTARRAY);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Compare, destA.iSdst, destB.iSdst, nOrderBy,
                         (char*)pKeyMerge, P4_KEYINFO);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_PERMUTE);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Jump, addrAltB, addrAeqB, addrAgtB);

  /* Jump to the this point in order to terminate the query.
  */
  sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, labelEnd);

................................................................................
      if( pE->x.pList==0 || pE->x.pList->nExpr!=1 ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "DISTINCT aggregates must have exactly one "
           "argument");
        pFunc->iDistinct = -1;
      }else{
        KeyInfo *pKeyInfo = keyInfoFromExprList(pParse, pE->x.pList);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_OpenEphemeral, pFunc->iDistinct, 0, 0,
                          (char*)pKeyInfo, P4_KEYINFO);
      }
    }
  }
}

/*
** Invoke the OP_AggFinalize opcode for every aggregate function
................................................................................
  if( pOrderBy ){
    KeyInfo *pKeyInfo;
    pKeyInfo = keyInfoFromExprList(pParse, pOrderBy);
    pOrderBy->iECursor = pParse->nTab++;
    p->addrOpenEphm[2] = addrSortIndex =
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_OpenEphemeral,
                           pOrderBy->iECursor, pOrderBy->nExpr+2, 0,
                           (char*)pKeyInfo, P4_KEYINFO);
  }else{
    addrSortIndex = -1;
  }

  /* If the output is destined for a temporary table, open that table.
  */
  if( pDest->eDest==SRT_EphemTab ){
................................................................................
  /* Open a virtual index to use for the distinct set.
  */
  if( p->selFlags & SF_Distinct ){
    sDistinct.tabTnct = pParse->nTab++;
    sDistinct.addrTnct = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_OpenEphemeral,
                                sDistinct.tabTnct, 0, 0,
                                (char*)keyInfoFromExprList(pParse, p->pEList),
                                P4_KEYINFO);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, BTREE_UNORDERED);
    sDistinct.eTnctType = WHERE_DISTINCT_UNORDERED;
  }else{
    sDistinct.eTnctType = WHERE_DISTINCT_NOOP;
  }

  if( !isAgg && pGroupBy==0 ){
................................................................................
      ** that we do not need it after all, the OP_SorterOpen instruction
      ** will be converted into a Noop.  
      */
      sAggInfo.sortingIdx = pParse->nTab++;
      pKeyInfo = keyInfoFromExprList(pParse, pGroupBy);
      addrSortingIdx = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_SorterOpen, 
          sAggInfo.sortingIdx, sAggInfo.nSortingColumn, 
          0, (char*)pKeyInfo, P4_KEYINFO);

      /* Initialize memory locations used by GROUP BY aggregate processing
      */
      iUseFlag = ++pParse->nMem;
      iAbortFlag = ++pParse->nMem;
      regOutputRow = ++pParse->nMem;
      addrOutputRow = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
................................................................................
          if( j==0 ) sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_CLEARCACHE);
        }else{
          sAggInfo.directMode = 1;
          sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pGroupBy->a[j].pExpr, iBMem+j);
        }
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Compare, iAMem, iBMem, pGroupBy->nExpr,
                          (char*)sqlite3KeyInfoRef(pKeyInfo), P4_KEYINFO);
      j1 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Jump, j1+1, 0, j1+1);

      /* Generate code that runs whenever the GROUP BY changes.
      ** Changes in the GROUP BY are detected by the previous code
      ** block.  If there were no changes, this block is skipped.
      **
................................................................................
           && (!pBest || pIdx->szIdxRow<pBest->szIdxRow)
          ){
            pBest = pIdx;
          }
        }
        if( pBest ){
          iRoot = pBest->tnum;
          pKeyInfo = sqlite3KeyInfoOfIndex(pParse, pBest);
        }

        /* Open a read-only cursor, execute the OP_Count, close the cursor. */
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_OpenRead, iCsr, iRoot, iDb, 1);
        if( pKeyInfo ){
          sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char *)pKeyInfo, P4_KEYINFO);
        }
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Count, iCsr, sAggInfo.aFunc[0].iMem);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, iCsr);
        explainSimpleCount(pParse, pTab, pBest);
      }else
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_BTREECOUNT */
      {

Changes to src/shell.c.

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/* Windows CE (arm-wince-mingw32ce-gcc) does not provide isatty()
 * thus we always assume that we have a console. That can be
 * overridden with the -batch command line option.
 */
#define isatty(x) 1
#endif

/* True if the timer is enabled */
static int enableTimer = 0;

/* ctype macros that work with signed characters */
#define IsSpace(X)  isspace((unsigned char)X)
#define IsDigit(X)  isdigit((unsigned char)X)
#define ToLower(X)  (char)tolower((unsigned char)X)




















#if !defined(_WIN32) && !defined(WIN32) && !defined(_WRS_KERNEL) \
 && !defined(__minux)
#include <sys/time.h>
#include <sys/resource.h>

/* Saved resource information for the beginning of an operation */
static struct rusage sBegin;


/*
** Begin timing an operation
*/
static void beginTimer(void){
  if( enableTimer ){
    getrusage(RUSAGE_SELF, &sBegin);

  }
}

/* Return the difference of two time_structs in seconds */
static double timeDiff(struct timeval *pStart, struct timeval *pEnd){
  return (pEnd->tv_usec - pStart->tv_usec)*0.000001 + 
         (double)(pEnd->tv_sec - pStart->tv_sec);
................................................................................

/*
** Print the timing results.
*/
static void endTimer(void){
  if( enableTimer ){
    struct rusage sEnd;

    getrusage(RUSAGE_SELF, &sEnd);
    printf("CPU Time: user %f sys %f\n",

       timeDiff(&sBegin.ru_utime, &sEnd.ru_utime),
       timeDiff(&sBegin.ru_stime, &sEnd.ru_stime));
  }
}

#define BEGIN_TIMER beginTimer()
#define END_TIMER endTimer()
................................................................................

#include <windows.h>

/* Saved resource information for the beginning of an operation */
static HANDLE hProcess;
static FILETIME ftKernelBegin;
static FILETIME ftUserBegin;

typedef BOOL (WINAPI *GETPROCTIMES)(HANDLE, LPFILETIME, LPFILETIME, LPFILETIME, LPFILETIME);
static GETPROCTIMES getProcessTimesAddr = NULL;

/*
** Check to see if we have timer support.  Return 1 if necessary
** support found (or found previously).
*/
................................................................................
/*
** Begin timing an operation
*/
static void beginTimer(void){
  if( enableTimer && getProcessTimesAddr ){
    FILETIME ftCreation, ftExit;
    getProcessTimesAddr(hProcess, &ftCreation, &ftExit, &ftKernelBegin, &ftUserBegin);

  }
}

/* Return the difference of two FILETIME structs in seconds */
static double timeDiff(FILETIME *pStart, FILETIME *pEnd){
  sqlite_int64 i64Start = *((sqlite_int64 *) pStart);
  sqlite_int64 i64End = *((sqlite_int64 *) pEnd);
................................................................................

/*
** Print the timing results.
*/
static void endTimer(void){
  if( enableTimer && getProcessTimesAddr){
    FILETIME ftCreation, ftExit, ftKernelEnd, ftUserEnd;

    getProcessTimesAddr(hProcess, &ftCreation, &ftExit, &ftKernelEnd, &ftUserEnd);
    printf("CPU Time: user %f sys %f\n",

       timeDiff(&ftUserBegin, &ftUserEnd),
       timeDiff(&ftKernelBegin, &ftKernelEnd));
  }
}

#define BEGIN_TIMER beginTimer()
#define END_TIMER endTimer()







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/* Windows CE (arm-wince-mingw32ce-gcc) does not provide isatty()
 * thus we always assume that we have a console. That can be
 * overridden with the -batch command line option.
 */
#define isatty(x) 1
#endif




/* ctype macros that work with signed characters */
#define IsSpace(X)  isspace((unsigned char)X)
#define IsDigit(X)  isdigit((unsigned char)X)
#define ToLower(X)  (char)tolower((unsigned char)X)


/* True if the timer is enabled */
static int enableTimer = 0;

/* Return the current wall-clock time */
static sqlite3_int64 timeOfDay(void){
  static sqlite3_vfs *clockVfs = 0;
  sqlite3_int64 t;
  if( clockVfs==0 ) clockVfs = sqlite3_vfs_find(0);
  if( clockVfs->iVersion>=1 && clockVfs->xCurrentTimeInt64!=0 ){
    clockVfs->xCurrentTimeInt64(clockVfs, &t);
  }else{
    double r;
    clockVfs->xCurrentTime(clockVfs, &r);
    t = (sqlite3_int64)(r*86400000.0);
  }
  return t;
}

#if !defined(_WIN32) && !defined(WIN32) && !defined(_WRS_KERNEL) \
 && !defined(__minux)
#include <sys/time.h>
#include <sys/resource.h>

/* Saved resource information for the beginning of an operation */
static struct rusage sBegin;  /* CPU time at start */
static sqlite3_int64 iBegin;  /* Wall-clock time at start */

/*
** Begin timing an operation
*/
static void beginTimer(void){
  if( enableTimer ){
    getrusage(RUSAGE_SELF, &sBegin);
    iBegin = timeOfDay();
  }
}

/* Return the difference of two time_structs in seconds */
static double timeDiff(struct timeval *pStart, struct timeval *pEnd){
  return (pEnd->tv_usec - pStart->tv_usec)*0.000001 + 
         (double)(pEnd->tv_sec - pStart->tv_sec);
................................................................................

/*
** Print the timing results.
*/
static void endTimer(void){
  if( enableTimer ){
    struct rusage sEnd;
    sqlite3_int64 iEnd = timeOfDay();
    getrusage(RUSAGE_SELF, &sEnd);
    printf("Run Time: real %.3f user %f sys %f\n",
       (iEnd - iBegin)*0.001,
       timeDiff(&sBegin.ru_utime, &sEnd.ru_utime),
       timeDiff(&sBegin.ru_stime, &sEnd.ru_stime));
  }
}

#define BEGIN_TIMER beginTimer()
#define END_TIMER endTimer()
................................................................................

#include <windows.h>

/* Saved resource information for the beginning of an operation */
static HANDLE hProcess;
static FILETIME ftKernelBegin;
static FILETIME ftUserBegin;
static sqlite3_int64 ftWallBegin;
typedef BOOL (WINAPI *GETPROCTIMES)(HANDLE, LPFILETIME, LPFILETIME, LPFILETIME, LPFILETIME);
static GETPROCTIMES getProcessTimesAddr = NULL;

/*
** Check to see if we have timer support.  Return 1 if necessary
** support found (or found previously).
*/
................................................................................
/*
** Begin timing an operation
*/
static void beginTimer(void){
  if( enableTimer && getProcessTimesAddr ){
    FILETIME ftCreation, ftExit;
    getProcessTimesAddr(hProcess, &ftCreation, &ftExit, &ftKernelBegin, &ftUserBegin);
    ftWallBegin = timeOfDay();
  }
}

/* Return the difference of two FILETIME structs in seconds */
static double timeDiff(FILETIME *pStart, FILETIME *pEnd){
  sqlite_int64 i64Start = *((sqlite_int64 *) pStart);
  sqlite_int64 i64End = *((sqlite_int64 *) pEnd);
................................................................................

/*
** Print the timing results.
*/
static void endTimer(void){
  if( enableTimer && getProcessTimesAddr){
    FILETIME ftCreation, ftExit, ftKernelEnd, ftUserEnd;
    sqlite3_int64 ftWallEnd = timeOfDay();
    getProcessTimesAddr(hProcess, &ftCreation, &ftExit, &ftKernelEnd, &ftUserEnd);
    printf("Run Time: real %.3f user %f sys %f\n",
       (ftWallEnd - ftWallBegin)*0.001,
       timeDiff(&ftUserBegin, &ftUserEnd),
       timeDiff(&ftKernelBegin, &ftKernelEnd));
  }
}

#define BEGIN_TIMER beginTimer()
#define END_TIMER endTimer()

Changes to src/sqlite.h.in.

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#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_FOREIGNKEY   (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (3<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_FUNCTION     (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (4<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_NOTNULL      (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (5<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_PRIMARYKEY   (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (6<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_TRIGGER      (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (7<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_UNIQUE       (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (8<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_VTAB         (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (9<<8))

#define SQLITE_NOTICE_RECOVER_WAL      (SQLITE_NOTICE | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_NOTICE_RECOVER_ROLLBACK (SQLITE_NOTICE | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_WARNING_AUTOINDEX       (SQLITE_WARNING | (1<<8))

/*
** CAPI3REF: Flags For File Open Operations
**
................................................................................
** codes are disabled by default for historical compatibility.
*/
int sqlite3_extended_result_codes(sqlite3*, int onoff);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Last Insert Rowid
**

** ^Each entry in an SQLite table has a unique 64-bit signed
** integer key called the [ROWID | "rowid"]. ^The rowid is always available
** as an undeclared column named ROWID, OID, or _ROWID_ as long as those
** names are not also used by explicitly declared columns. ^If
** the table has a column of type [INTEGER PRIMARY KEY] then that column
** is another alias for the rowid.
**
** ^This routine returns the [rowid] of the most recent
** successful [INSERT] into the database from the [database connection]
** in the first argument.  ^As of SQLite version 3.7.7, this routines
** records the last insert rowid of both ordinary tables and [virtual tables].
** ^If no successful [INSERT]s
** have ever occurred on that database connection, zero is returned.

**
** ^(If an [INSERT] occurs within a trigger or within a [virtual table]
** method, then this routine will return the [rowid] of the inserted
** row as long as the trigger or virtual table method is running.
** But once the trigger or virtual table method ends, the value returned 
** by this routine reverts to what it was before the trigger or virtual
** table method began.)^
................................................................................
void *sqlite3_rollback_hook(sqlite3*, void(*)(void *), void*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Data Change Notification Callbacks
**
** ^The sqlite3_update_hook() interface registers a callback function
** with the [database connection] identified by the first argument
** to be invoked whenever a row is updated, inserted or deleted.

** ^Any callback set by a previous call to this function
** for the same database connection is overridden.
**
** ^The second argument is a pointer to the function to invoke when a
** row is updated, inserted or deleted.
** ^The first argument to the callback is a copy of the third argument
** to sqlite3_update_hook().
** ^The second callback argument is one of [SQLITE_INSERT], [SQLITE_DELETE],
** or [SQLITE_UPDATE], depending on the operation that caused the callback
** to be invoked.
** ^The third and fourth arguments to the callback contain pointers to the
** database and table name containing the affected row.
** ^The final callback parameter is the [rowid] of the row.
** ^In the case of an update, this is the [rowid] after the update takes place.
**
** ^(The update hook is not invoked when internal system tables are
** modified (i.e. sqlite_master and sqlite_sequence).)^

**
** ^In the current implementation, the update hook
** is not invoked when duplication rows are deleted because of an
** [ON CONFLICT | ON CONFLICT REPLACE] clause.  ^Nor is the update hook
** invoked when rows are deleted using the [truncate optimization].
** The exceptions defined in this paragraph might change in a future
** release of SQLite.
................................................................................
** ^[sqlite3_free()] is used to free idxPtr if and only if
** needToFreeIdxPtr is true.
**
** ^The orderByConsumed means that output from [xFilter]/[xNext] will occur in
** the correct order to satisfy the ORDER BY clause so that no separate
** sorting step is required.
**
** ^The estimatedCost value is an estimate of the cost of doing the
** particular lookup.  A full scan of a table with N entries should have
** a cost of N.  A binary search of a table of N entries should have a
** cost of approximately log(N).












*/
struct sqlite3_index_info {
  /* Inputs */
  int nConstraint;           /* Number of entries in aConstraint */
  struct sqlite3_index_constraint {
     int iColumn;              /* Column on left-hand side of constraint */
     unsigned char op;         /* Constraint operator */
................................................................................
    unsigned char omit;      /* Do not code a test for this constraint */
  } *aConstraintUsage;
  int idxNum;                /* Number used to identify the index */
  char *idxStr;              /* String, possibly obtained from sqlite3_malloc */
  int needToFreeIdxStr;      /* Free idxStr using sqlite3_free() if true */
  int orderByConsumed;       /* True if output is already ordered */
  double estimatedCost;      /* Estimated cost of using this index */

};

/*
** CAPI3REF: Virtual Table Constraint Operator Codes
**
** These macros defined the allowed values for the
** [sqlite3_index_info].aConstraint[].op field.  Each value represents
................................................................................
** commit if the transaction continues to completion.)^
**
** ^Use the [sqlite3_blob_bytes()] interface to determine the size of
** the opened blob.  ^The size of a blob may not be changed by this
** interface.  Use the [UPDATE] SQL command to change the size of a
** blob.
**



** ^The [sqlite3_bind_zeroblob()] and [sqlite3_result_zeroblob()] interfaces
** and the built-in [zeroblob] SQL function can be used, if desired,
** to create an empty, zero-filled blob in which to read or write using
** this interface.
**
** To avoid a resource leak, every open [BLOB handle] should eventually
** be released by a call to [sqlite3_blob_close()].







>







 







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#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_FOREIGNKEY   (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (3<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_FUNCTION     (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (4<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_NOTNULL      (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (5<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_PRIMARYKEY   (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (6<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_TRIGGER      (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (7<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_UNIQUE       (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (8<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_VTAB         (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (9<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_ROWID        (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT |(10<<8))
#define SQLITE_NOTICE_RECOVER_WAL      (SQLITE_NOTICE | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_NOTICE_RECOVER_ROLLBACK (SQLITE_NOTICE | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_WARNING_AUTOINDEX       (SQLITE_WARNING | (1<<8))

/*
** CAPI3REF: Flags For File Open Operations
**
................................................................................
** codes are disabled by default for historical compatibility.
*/
int sqlite3_extended_result_codes(sqlite3*, int onoff);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Last Insert Rowid
**
** ^Each entry in most SQLite tables (except for [WITHOUT ROWID] tables)
** has a unique 64-bit signed
** integer key called the [ROWID | "rowid"]. ^The rowid is always available
** as an undeclared column named ROWID, OID, or _ROWID_ as long as those
** names are not also used by explicitly declared columns. ^If
** the table has a column of type [INTEGER PRIMARY KEY] then that column
** is another alias for the rowid.
**
** ^The sqlite3_last_insert_rowid(D) interface returns the [rowid] of the 
** most recent successful [INSERT] into a rowid table or [virtual table]
** on database connection D.
** ^Inserts into [WITHOUT ROWID] tables are not recorded.
** ^If no successful [INSERT]s into rowid tables
** have ever occurred on the database connection D, 
** then sqlite3_last_insert_rowid(D) returns zero.
**
** ^(If an [INSERT] occurs within a trigger or within a [virtual table]
** method, then this routine will return the [rowid] of the inserted
** row as long as the trigger or virtual table method is running.
** But once the trigger or virtual table method ends, the value returned 
** by this routine reverts to what it was before the trigger or virtual
** table method began.)^
................................................................................
void *sqlite3_rollback_hook(sqlite3*, void(*)(void *), void*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Data Change Notification Callbacks
**
** ^The sqlite3_update_hook() interface registers a callback function
** with the [database connection] identified by the first argument
** to be invoked whenever a row is updated, inserted or deleted in
** a rowid table.
** ^Any callback set by a previous call to this function
** for the same database connection is overridden.
**
** ^The second argument is a pointer to the function to invoke when a
** row is updated, inserted or deleted in a rowid table.
** ^The first argument to the callback is a copy of the third argument
** to sqlite3_update_hook().
** ^The second callback argument is one of [SQLITE_INSERT], [SQLITE_DELETE],
** or [SQLITE_UPDATE], depending on the operation that caused the callback
** to be invoked.
** ^The third and fourth arguments to the callback contain pointers to the
** database and table name containing the affected row.
** ^The final callback parameter is the [rowid] of the row.
** ^In the case of an update, this is the [rowid] after the update takes place.
**
** ^(The update hook is not invoked when internal system tables are
** modified (i.e. sqlite_master and sqlite_sequence).)^
** ^The update hook is not invoked when [WITHOUT ROWID] tables are modified.
**
** ^In the current implementation, the update hook
** is not invoked when duplication rows are deleted because of an
** [ON CONFLICT | ON CONFLICT REPLACE] clause.  ^Nor is the update hook
** invoked when rows are deleted using the [truncate optimization].
** The exceptions defined in this paragraph might change in a future
** release of SQLite.
................................................................................
** ^[sqlite3_free()] is used to free idxPtr if and only if
** needToFreeIdxPtr is true.
**
** ^The orderByConsumed means that output from [xFilter]/[xNext] will occur in
** the correct order to satisfy the ORDER BY clause so that no separate
** sorting step is required.
**
** ^The estimatedCost value is an estimate of the cost of a particular
** strategy. A cost of N indicates that the cost of the strategy is similar
** to a linear scan of an SQLite table with N rows. A cost of log(N) 
** indicates that the expense of the operation is similar to that of a
** binary search on a unique indexed field of an SQLite table with N rows.
**
** ^The estimatedRows value is an estimate of the number of rows that
** will be returned by the strategy.
**
** IMPORTANT: The estimatedRows field was added to the sqlite3_index_info
** structure for SQLite version 3.8.2. If a virtual table extension is
** used with an SQLite version earlier than 3.8.2, the results of attempting 
** to read or write the estimatedRows field are undefined (but are likely 
** to included crashing the application). The estimatedRows field should
** therefore only be used if [sqlite3_libversion_number()] returns a
** value greater than or equal to 3008002.
*/
struct sqlite3_index_info {
  /* Inputs */
  int nConstraint;           /* Number of entries in aConstraint */
  struct sqlite3_index_constraint {
     int iColumn;              /* Column on left-hand side of constraint */
     unsigned char op;         /* Constraint operator */
................................................................................
    unsigned char omit;      /* Do not code a test for this constraint */
  } *aConstraintUsage;
  int idxNum;                /* Number used to identify the index */
  char *idxStr;              /* String, possibly obtained from sqlite3_malloc */
  int needToFreeIdxStr;      /* Free idxStr using sqlite3_free() if true */
  int orderByConsumed;       /* True if output is already ordered */
  double estimatedCost;           /* Estimated cost of using this index */
  sqlite3_int64 estimatedRows;    /* Estimated number of rows returned */
};

/*
** CAPI3REF: Virtual Table Constraint Operator Codes
**
** These macros defined the allowed values for the
** [sqlite3_index_info].aConstraint[].op field.  Each value represents
................................................................................
** commit if the transaction continues to completion.)^
**
** ^Use the [sqlite3_blob_bytes()] interface to determine the size of
** the opened blob.  ^The size of a blob may not be changed by this
** interface.  Use the [UPDATE] SQL command to change the size of a
** blob.
**
** ^The [sqlite3_blob_open()] interface will fail for a [WITHOUT ROWID]
** table.  Incremental BLOB I/O is not possible on [WITHOUT ROWID] tables.
**
** ^The [sqlite3_bind_zeroblob()] and [sqlite3_result_zeroblob()] interfaces
** and the built-in [zeroblob] SQL function can be used, if desired,
** to create an empty, zero-filled blob in which to read or write using
** this interface.
**
** To avoid a resource leak, every open [BLOB handle] should eventually
** be released by a call to [sqlite3_blob_close()].

Changes to src/sqliteInt.h.

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#if !defined(NDEBUG) && !defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) 
# define NDEBUG 1
#endif
#if defined(NDEBUG) && defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
# undef NDEBUG
#endif








/*
** The testcase() macro is used to aid in coverage testing.  When 
** doing coverage testing, the condition inside the argument to
** testcase() must be evaluated both true and false in order to
** get full branch coverage.  The testcase() macro is inserted
** to help ensure adequate test coverage in places where simple
** condition/decision coverage is inadequate.  For example, testcase()
................................................................................
** Allowed values for Tabe.tabFlags.
*/
#define TF_Readonly        0x01    /* Read-only system table */
#define TF_Ephemeral       0x02    /* An ephemeral table */
#define TF_HasPrimaryKey   0x04    /* Table has a primary key */
#define TF_Autoincrement   0x08    /* Integer primary key is autoincrement */
#define TF_Virtual         0x10    /* Is a virtual table */



/*
** Test to see whether or not a table is a virtual table.  This is
** done as a macro so that it will be optimized out when virtual
** table support is omitted from the build.
*/
................................................................................
#  define IsVirtual(X)      (((X)->tabFlags & TF_Virtual)!=0)
#  define IsHiddenColumn(X) (((X)->colFlags & COLFLAG_HIDDEN)!=0)
#else
#  define IsVirtual(X)      0
#  define IsHiddenColumn(X) 0
#endif




/*
** Each foreign key constraint is an instance of the following structure.
**
** A foreign key is associated with two tables.  The "from" table is
** the table that contains the REFERENCES clause that creates the foreign
** key.  The "to" table is the table that is named in the REFERENCES clause.
** Consider this example:
................................................................................
**
**     CREATE TABLE ex1(
**       a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY,
**       b INTEGER CONSTRAINT fk1 REFERENCES ex2(x)
**     );
**
** For foreign key "fk1", the from-table is "ex1" and the to-table is "ex2".




**
** Each REFERENCES clause generates an instance of the following structure
** which is attached to the from-table.  The to-table need not exist when
** the from-table is created.  The existence of the to-table is not checked.





*/
struct FKey {
  Table *pFrom;     /* Table containing the REFERENCES clause (aka: Child) */
  FKey *pNextFrom;  /* Next foreign key in pFrom */
  char *zTo;        /* Name of table that the key points to (aka: Parent) */
  FKey *pNextTo;    /* Next foreign key on table named zTo */
  FKey *pPrevTo;    /* Previous foreign key on table named zTo */
  int nCol;         /* Number of columns in this key */
  /* EV: R-30323-21917 */
  u8 isDeferred;    /* True if constraint checking is deferred till COMMIT */
  u8 aAction[2];          /* ON DELETE and ON UPDATE actions, respectively */
  Trigger *apTrigger[2];  /* Triggers for aAction[] actions */
  struct sColMap {  /* Mapping of columns in pFrom to columns in zTo */
    int iFrom;         /* Index of column in pFrom */
    char *zCol;        /* Name of column in zTo.  If 0 use PRIMARY KEY */
  } aCol[1];        /* One entry for each of nCol column s */
};

/*
** SQLite supports many different ways to resolve a constraint
** error.  ROLLBACK processing means that a constraint violation
** causes the operation in process to fail and for the current transaction
................................................................................
** comparison of the two index keys.
**
** Note that aSortOrder[] and aColl[] have nField+1 slots.  There
** are nField slots for the columns of an index then one extra slot
** for the rowid at the end.
*/
struct KeyInfo {
  sqlite3 *db;        /* The database connection */
  u8 enc;             /* Text encoding - one of the SQLITE_UTF* values */
  u16 nField;         /* Maximum index for aColl[] and aSortOrder[] */


  u8 *aSortOrder;     /* Sort order for each column. */
  CollSeq *aColl[1];  /* Collating sequence for each term of the key */
};

/*
** An instance of the following structure holds information about a
** single index record that has already been parsed out into individual
................................................................................
** This structure holds a record that has already been disassembled
** into its constituent fields.
*/
struct UnpackedRecord {
  KeyInfo *pKeyInfo;  /* Collation and sort-order information */
  u16 nField;         /* Number of entries in apMem[] */
  u8 flags;           /* Boolean settings.  UNPACKED_... below */
  i64 rowid;          /* Used by UNPACKED_PREFIX_SEARCH */
  Mem *aMem;          /* Values */
};

/*
** Allowed values of UnpackedRecord.flags
*/
#define UNPACKED_INCRKEY       0x01  /* Make this key an epsilon larger */
#define UNPACKED_PREFIX_MATCH  0x02  /* A prefix match is considered OK */
#define UNPACKED_PREFIX_SEARCH 0x04  /* Ignore final (rowid) field */

/*
** Each SQL index is represented in memory by an
** instance of the following structure.
**
** The columns of the table that are to be indexed are described
** by the aiColumn[] field of this structure.  For example, suppose
................................................................................
** it means this is not a unique index.  Otherwise it is a unique index
** and the value of Index.onError indicate the which conflict resolution 
** algorithm to employ whenever an attempt is made to insert a non-unique
** element.
*/
struct Index {
  char *zName;             /* Name of this index */
  int *aiColumn;           /* Which columns are used by this index.  1st is 0 */
  tRowcnt *aiRowEst;       /* From ANALYZE: Est. rows selected by each column */
  Table *pTable;           /* The SQL table being indexed */
  char *zColAff;           /* String defining the affinity of each column */
  Index *pNext;            /* The next index associated with the same table */
  Schema *pSchema;         /* Schema containing this index */
  u8 *aSortOrder;          /* for each column: True==DESC, False==ASC */
  char **azColl;           /* Array of collation sequence names for index */
  Expr *pPartIdxWhere;     /* WHERE clause for partial indices */

  int tnum;                /* DB Page containing root of this index */
  LogEst szIdxRow;         /* Estimated average row size in bytes */

  u16 nColumn;             /* Number of columns in table used by this index */
  u8 onError;              /* OE_Abort, OE_Ignore, OE_Replace, or OE_None */
  unsigned autoIndex:2;    /* 1==UNIQUE, 2==PRIMARY KEY, 0==CREATE INDEX */
  unsigned bUnordered:1;   /* Use this index for == or IN queries only */
  unsigned uniqNotNull:1;  /* True if UNIQUE and NOT NULL for all columns */


#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  int nSample;             /* Number of elements in aSample[] */
  int nSampleCol;          /* Size of IndexSample.anEq[] and so on */
  tRowcnt *aAvgEq;         /* Average nEq values for keys not in aSample */
  IndexSample *aSample;    /* Samples of the left-most key */
#endif
};
................................................................................
  TableLock *aTableLock; /* Required table locks for shared-cache mode */
#endif
  AutoincInfo *pAinc;  /* Information about AUTOINCREMENT counters */

  /* Information used while coding trigger programs. */
  Parse *pToplevel;    /* Parse structure for main program (or NULL) */
  Table *pTriggerTab;  /* Table triggers are being coded for */


  u32 nQueryLoop;      /* Est number of iterations of a query (10*log2(N)) */
  u32 oldmask;         /* Mask of old.* columns referenced */
  u32 newmask;         /* Mask of new.* columns referenced */
  u8 eTriggerOp;       /* TK_UPDATE, TK_INSERT or TK_DELETE */
  u8 eOrconf;          /* Default ON CONFLICT policy for trigger steps */
  u8 disableTriggers;  /* True to disable triggers */

  /* Above is constant between recursions.  Below is reset before and after
  ** each recursion */

  int nVar;                 /* Number of '?' variables seen in the SQL so far */
  int nzVar;                /* Number of available slots in azVar[] */

  u8 explain;               /* True if the EXPLAIN flag is found on the query */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  u8 declareVtab;           /* True if inside sqlite3_declare_vtab() */
  int nVtabLock;            /* Number of virtual tables to lock */
#endif
  int nAlias;               /* Number of aliased result set columns */
  int nHeight;              /* Expression tree height of current sub-select */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
  int iSelectId;            /* ID of current select for EXPLAIN output */
  int iNextSelectId;        /* Next available select ID for EXPLAIN output */
#endif
  char **azVar;             /* Pointers to names of parameters */
  Vdbe *pReprepare;         /* VM being reprepared (sqlite3Reprepare()) */
  int *aAlias;              /* Register used to hold aliased result */
  const char *zTail;        /* All SQL text past the last semicolon parsed */
  Table *pNewTable;         /* A table being constructed by CREATE TABLE */
  Trigger *pNewTrigger;     /* Trigger under construct by a CREATE TRIGGER */
  const char *zAuthContext; /* The 6th parameter to db->xAuth callbacks */
  Token sNameToken;         /* Token with unqualified schema object name */
  Token sLastToken;         /* The last token parsed */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
................................................................................
void sqlite3ResetAllSchemasOfConnection(sqlite3*);
void sqlite3ResetOneSchema(sqlite3*,int);
void sqlite3CollapseDatabaseArray(sqlite3*);
void sqlite3BeginParse(Parse*,int);
void sqlite3CommitInternalChanges(sqlite3*);
Table *sqlite3ResultSetOfSelect(Parse*,Select*);
void sqlite3OpenMasterTable(Parse *, int);


void sqlite3StartTable(Parse*,Token*,Token*,int,int,int,int);
void sqlite3AddColumn(Parse*,Token*);
void sqlite3AddNotNull(Parse*, int);
void sqlite3AddPrimaryKey(Parse*, ExprList*, int, int, int);
void sqlite3AddCheckConstraint(Parse*, Expr*);
void sqlite3AddColumnType(Parse*,Token*);
void sqlite3AddDefaultValue(Parse*,ExprSpan*);
void sqlite3AddCollateType(Parse*, Token*);
void sqlite3EndTable(Parse*,Token*,Token*,Select*);
int sqlite3ParseUri(const char*,const char*,unsigned int*,
                    sqlite3_vfs**,char**,char **);
Btree *sqlite3DbNameToBtree(sqlite3*,const char*);
int sqlite3CodeOnce(Parse *);

Bitvec *sqlite3BitvecCreate(u32);
int sqlite3BitvecTest(Bitvec*, u32);
................................................................................
                                      Token*, Select*, Expr*, IdList*);
void sqlite3SrcListIndexedBy(Parse *, SrcList *, Token *);
int sqlite3IndexedByLookup(Parse *, struct SrcList_item *);
void sqlite3SrcListShiftJoinType(SrcList*);
void sqlite3SrcListAssignCursors(Parse*, SrcList*);
void sqlite3IdListDelete(sqlite3*, IdList*);
void sqlite3SrcListDelete(sqlite3*, SrcList*);

Index *sqlite3CreateIndex(Parse*,Token*,Token*,SrcList*,ExprList*,int,Token*,
                          Expr*, int, int);
void sqlite3DropIndex(Parse*, SrcList*, int);
int sqlite3Select(Parse*, Select*, SelectDest*);
Select *sqlite3SelectNew(Parse*,ExprList*,SrcList*,Expr*,ExprList*,
                         Expr*,ExprList*,u16,Expr*,Expr*);
void sqlite3SelectDelete(sqlite3*, Select*);
................................................................................
WhereInfo *sqlite3WhereBegin(Parse*,SrcList*,Expr*,ExprList*,ExprList*,u16,int);
void sqlite3WhereEnd(WhereInfo*);
u64 sqlite3WhereOutputRowCount(WhereInfo*);
int sqlite3WhereIsDistinct(WhereInfo*);
int sqlite3WhereIsOrdered(WhereInfo*);
int sqlite3WhereContinueLabel(WhereInfo*);
int sqlite3WhereBreakLabel(WhereInfo*);
int sqlite3WhereOkOnePass(WhereInfo*);
int sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumn(Parse*, Table*, int, int, int, u8);
void sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(Vdbe*, Table*, int, int, int);
void sqlite3ExprCodeMove(Parse*, int, int, int);
void sqlite3ExprCacheStore(Parse*, int, int, int);
void sqlite3ExprCachePush(Parse*);
void sqlite3ExprCachePop(Parse*, int);
void sqlite3ExprCacheRemove(Parse*, int, int);
................................................................................
int sqlite3ExprIsConstantNotJoin(Expr*);
int sqlite3ExprIsConstantOrFunction(Expr*);
int sqlite3ExprIsInteger(Expr*, int*);
int sqlite3ExprCanBeNull(const Expr*);
void sqlite3ExprCodeIsNullJump(Vdbe*, const Expr*, int, int);
int sqlite3ExprNeedsNoAffinityChange(const Expr*, char);
int sqlite3IsRowid(const char*);
void sqlite3GenerateRowDelete(Parse*, Table*, int, int, int, Trigger *, int);
void sqlite3GenerateRowIndexDelete(Parse*, Table*, int, int*);
int sqlite3GenerateIndexKey(Parse*, Index*, int, int, int, int*);
void sqlite3GenerateConstraintChecks(Parse*,Table*,int,int,
                                     int*,int,int,int,int,int*);
void sqlite3CompleteInsertion(Parse*, Table*, int, int, int*, int, int, int);
int sqlite3OpenTableAndIndices(Parse*, Table*, int, int);
void sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(Parse*, int, int);
void sqlite3MultiWrite(Parse*);
void sqlite3MayAbort(Parse*);
void sqlite3HaltConstraint(Parse*, int, int, char*, int);


Expr *sqlite3ExprDup(sqlite3*,Expr*,int);
ExprList *sqlite3ExprListDup(sqlite3*,ExprList*,int);
SrcList *sqlite3SrcListDup(sqlite3*,SrcList*,int);
IdList *sqlite3IdListDup(sqlite3*,IdList*);
Select *sqlite3SelectDup(sqlite3*,Select*,int);
void sqlite3FuncDefInsert(FuncDefHash*, FuncDef*);
FuncDef *sqlite3FindFunction(sqlite3*,const char*,int,int,u8,u8);
................................................................................
void sqlite3DefaultRowEst(Index*);
void sqlite3RegisterLikeFunctions(sqlite3*, int);
int sqlite3IsLikeFunction(sqlite3*,Expr*,int*,char*);
void sqlite3MinimumFileFormat(Parse*, int, int);
void sqlite3SchemaClear(void *);
Schema *sqlite3SchemaGet(sqlite3 *, Btree *);
int sqlite3SchemaToIndex(sqlite3 *db, Schema *);
KeyInfo *sqlite3KeyInfoAlloc(sqlite3*,int);

KeyInfo *sqlite3IndexKeyinfo(Parse *, Index *);




int sqlite3CreateFunc(sqlite3 *, const char *, int, int, void *, 
  void (*)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value **),
  void (*)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value **), void (*)(sqlite3_context*),
  FuncDestructor *pDestructor
);
int sqlite3ApiExit(sqlite3 *db, int);
int sqlite3OpenTempDatabase(Parse *);







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#if !defined(NDEBUG) && !defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) 
# define NDEBUG 1
#endif
#if defined(NDEBUG) && defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
# undef NDEBUG
#endif

/*
** Enable SQLITE_ENABLE_EXPLAIN_COMMENTS if SQLITE_DEBUG is turned on.
*/
#if !defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_EXPLAIN_COMMENTS) && defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
# define SQLITE_ENABLE_EXPLAIN_COMMENTS 1
#endif

/*
** The testcase() macro is used to aid in coverage testing.  When 
** doing coverage testing, the condition inside the argument to
** testcase() must be evaluated both true and false in order to
** get full branch coverage.  The testcase() macro is inserted
** to help ensure adequate test coverage in places where simple
** condition/decision coverage is inadequate.  For example, testcase()
................................................................................
** Allowed values for Tabe.tabFlags.
*/
#define TF_Readonly        0x01    /* Read-only system table */
#define TF_Ephemeral       0x02    /* An ephemeral table */
#define TF_HasPrimaryKey   0x04    /* Table has a primary key */
#define TF_Autoincrement   0x08    /* Integer primary key is autoincrement */
#define TF_Virtual         0x10    /* Is a virtual table */
#define TF_WithoutRowid    0x20    /* No rowid used. PRIMARY KEY is the key */


/*
** Test to see whether or not a table is a virtual table.  This is
** done as a macro so that it will be optimized out when virtual
** table support is omitted from the build.
*/
................................................................................
#  define IsVirtual(X)      (((X)->tabFlags & TF_Virtual)!=0)
#  define IsHiddenColumn(X) (((X)->colFlags & COLFLAG_HIDDEN)!=0)
#else
#  define IsVirtual(X)      0
#  define IsHiddenColumn(X) 0
#endif

/* Does the table have a rowid */
#define HasRowid(X)     (((X)->tabFlags & TF_WithoutRowid)==0)

/*
** Each foreign key constraint is an instance of the following structure.
**
** A foreign key is associated with two tables.  The "from" table is
** the table that contains the REFERENCES clause that creates the foreign
** key.  The "to" table is the table that is named in the REFERENCES clause.
** Consider this example:
................................................................................
**
**     CREATE TABLE ex1(
**       a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY,
**       b INTEGER CONSTRAINT fk1 REFERENCES ex2(x)
**     );
**
** For foreign key "fk1", the from-table is "ex1" and the to-table is "ex2".
** Equivalent names:
**
**     from-table == child-table
**       to-table == parent-table
**
** Each REFERENCES clause generates an instance of the following structure
** which is attached to the from-table.  The to-table need not exist when
** the from-table is created.  The existence of the to-table is not checked.
**
** The list of all parents for child Table X is held at X.pFKey.
**
** A list of all children for a table named Z (which might not even exist)
** is held in Schema.fkeyHash with a hash key of Z.
*/
struct FKey {
  Table *pFrom;     /* Table containing the REFERENCES clause (aka: Child) */
  FKey *pNextFrom;  /* Next FKey with the same in pFrom. Next parent of pFrom */
  char *zTo;        /* Name of table that the key points to (aka: Parent) */
  FKey *pNextTo;    /* Next with the same zTo. Next child of zTo. */
  FKey *pPrevTo;    /* Previous with the same zTo */
  int nCol;         /* Number of columns in this key */
  /* EV: R-30323-21917 */
  u8 isDeferred;       /* True if constraint checking is deferred till COMMIT */
  u8 aAction[2];        /* ON DELETE and ON UPDATE actions, respectively */
  Trigger *apTrigger[2];/* Triggers for aAction[] actions */
  struct sColMap {      /* Mapping of columns in pFrom to columns in zTo */
    int iFrom;            /* Index of column in pFrom */
    char *zCol;           /* Name of column in zTo.  If NULL use PRIMARY KEY */
  } aCol[1];            /* One entry for each of nCol columns */
};

/*
** SQLite supports many different ways to resolve a constraint
** error.  ROLLBACK processing means that a constraint violation
** causes the operation in process to fail and for the current transaction
................................................................................
** comparison of the two index keys.
**
** Note that aSortOrder[] and aColl[] have nField+1 slots.  There
** are nField slots for the columns of an index then one extra slot
** for the rowid at the end.
*/
struct KeyInfo {
  u32 nRef;           /* Number of references to this KeyInfo object */
  u8 enc;             /* Text encoding - one of the SQLITE_UTF* values */
  u16 nField;         /* Number of key columns in the index */
  u16 nXField;        /* Number of columns beyond the key columns */
  sqlite3 *db;        /* The database connection */
  u8 *aSortOrder;     /* Sort order for each column. */
  CollSeq *aColl[1];  /* Collating sequence for each term of the key */
};

/*
** An instance of the following structure holds information about a
** single index record that has already been parsed out into individual
................................................................................
** This structure holds a record that has already been disassembled
** into its constituent fields.
*/
struct UnpackedRecord {
  KeyInfo *pKeyInfo;  /* Collation and sort-order information */
  u16 nField;         /* Number of entries in apMem[] */
  u8 flags;           /* Boolean settings.  UNPACKED_... below */

  Mem *aMem;          /* Values */
};

/*
** Allowed values of UnpackedRecord.flags
*/
#define UNPACKED_INCRKEY       0x01  /* Make this key an epsilon larger */
#define UNPACKED_PREFIX_MATCH  0x02  /* A prefix match is considered OK */


/*
** Each SQL index is represented in memory by an
** instance of the following structure.
**
** The columns of the table that are to be indexed are described
** by the aiColumn[] field of this structure.  For example, suppose
................................................................................
** it means this is not a unique index.  Otherwise it is a unique index
** and the value of Index.onError indicate the which conflict resolution 
** algorithm to employ whenever an attempt is made to insert a non-unique
** element.
*/
struct Index {
  char *zName;             /* Name of this index */
  i16 *aiColumn;           /* Which columns are used by this index.  1st is 0 */
  tRowcnt *aiRowEst;       /* From ANALYZE: Est. rows selected by each column */
  Table *pTable;           /* The SQL table being indexed */
  char *zColAff;           /* String defining the affinity of each column */
  Index *pNext;            /* The next index associated with the same table */
  Schema *pSchema;         /* Schema containing this index */
  u8 *aSortOrder;          /* for each column: True==DESC, False==ASC */
  char **azColl;           /* Array of collation sequence names for index */
  Expr *pPartIdxWhere;     /* WHERE clause for partial indices */
  KeyInfo *pKeyInfo;       /* A KeyInfo object suitable for this index */
  int tnum;                /* DB Page containing root of this index */
  LogEst szIdxRow;         /* Estimated average row size in bytes */
  u16 nKeyCol;             /* Number of columns forming the key */
  u16 nColumn;             /* Number of columns stored in the index */
  u8 onError;              /* OE_Abort, OE_Ignore, OE_Replace, or OE_None */
  unsigned autoIndex:2;    /* 1==UNIQUE, 2==PRIMARY KEY, 0==CREATE INDEX */
  unsigned bUnordered:1;   /* Use this index for == or IN queries only */
  unsigned uniqNotNull:1;  /* True if UNIQUE and NOT NULL for all columns */
  unsigned isResized:1;    /* True if resizeIndexObject() has been called */
  unsigned isCovering:1;   /* True if this is a covering index */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  int nSample;             /* Number of elements in aSample[] */
  int nSampleCol;          /* Size of IndexSample.anEq[] and so on */
  tRowcnt *aAvgEq;         /* Average nEq values for keys not in aSample */
  IndexSample *aSample;    /* Samples of the left-most key */
#endif
};
................................................................................
  TableLock *aTableLock; /* Required table locks for shared-cache mode */
#endif
  AutoincInfo *pAinc;  /* Information about AUTOINCREMENT counters */

  /* Information used while coding trigger programs. */
  Parse *pToplevel;    /* Parse structure for main program (or NULL) */
  Table *pTriggerTab;  /* Table triggers are being coded for */
  int addrCrTab;       /* Address of OP_CreateTable opcode on CREATE TABLE */
  int addrSkipPK;      /* Address of instruction to skip PRIMARY KEY index */
  u32 nQueryLoop;      /* Est number of iterations of a query (10*log2(N)) */
  u32 oldmask;         /* Mask of old.* columns referenced */
  u32 newmask;         /* Mask of new.* columns referenced */
  u8 eTriggerOp;       /* TK_UPDATE, TK_INSERT or TK_DELETE */
  u8 eOrconf;          /* Default ON CONFLICT policy for trigger steps */
  u8 disableTriggers;  /* True to disable triggers */

  /* Above is constant between recursions.  Below is reset before and after
  ** each recursion */

  int nVar;                 /* Number of '?' variables seen in the SQL so far */
  int nzVar;                /* Number of available slots in azVar[] */
  u8 iPkSortOrder;          /* ASC or DESC for INTEGER PRIMARY KEY */
  u8 explain;               /* True if the EXPLAIN flag is found on the query */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  u8 declareVtab;           /* True if inside sqlite3_declare_vtab() */
  int nVtabLock;            /* Number of virtual tables to lock */
#endif
  int nAlias;               /* Number of aliased result set columns */
  int nHeight;              /* Expression tree height of current sub-select */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
  int iSelectId;            /* ID of current select for EXPLAIN output */
  int iNextSelectId;        /* Next available select ID for EXPLAIN output */
#endif
  char **azVar;             /* Pointers to names of parameters */
  Vdbe *pReprepare;         /* VM being reprepared (sqlite3Reprepare()) */

  const char *zTail;        /* All SQL text past the last semicolon parsed */
  Table *pNewTable;         /* A table being constructed by CREATE TABLE */
  Trigger *pNewTrigger;     /* Trigger under construct by a CREATE TRIGGER */
  const char *zAuthContext; /* The 6th parameter to db->xAuth callbacks */
  Token sNameToken;         /* Token with unqualified schema object name */
  Token sLastToken;         /* The last token parsed */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
................................................................................
void sqlite3ResetAllSchemasOfConnection(sqlite3*);
void sqlite3ResetOneSchema(sqlite3*,int);
void sqlite3CollapseDatabaseArray(sqlite3*);
void sqlite3BeginParse(Parse*,int);
void sqlite3CommitInternalChanges(sqlite3*);
Table *sqlite3ResultSetOfSelect(Parse*,Select*);
void sqlite3OpenMasterTable(Parse *, int);
Index *sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(Table*);
i16 sqlite3ColumnOfIndex(Index*, i16);
void sqlite3StartTable(Parse*,Token*,Token*,int,int,int,int);
void sqlite3AddColumn(Parse*,Token*);
void sqlite3AddNotNull(Parse*, int);
void sqlite3AddPrimaryKey(Parse*, ExprList*, int, int, int);
void sqlite3AddCheckConstraint(Parse*, Expr*);
void sqlite3AddColumnType(Parse*,Token*);
void sqlite3AddDefaultValue(Parse*,ExprSpan*);
void sqlite3AddCollateType(Parse*, Token*);
void sqlite3EndTable(Parse*,Token*,Token*,u8,Select*);
int sqlite3ParseUri(const char*,const char*,unsigned int*,
                    sqlite3_vfs**,char**,char **);
Btree *sqlite3DbNameToBtree(sqlite3*,const char*);
int sqlite3CodeOnce(Parse *);

Bitvec *sqlite3BitvecCreate(u32);
int sqlite3BitvecTest(Bitvec*, u32);
................................................................................
                                      Token*, Select*, Expr*, IdList*);
void sqlite3SrcListIndexedBy(Parse *, SrcList *, Token *);
int sqlite3IndexedByLookup(Parse *, struct SrcList_item *);
void sqlite3SrcListShiftJoinType(SrcList*);
void sqlite3SrcListAssignCursors(Parse*, SrcList*);
void sqlite3IdListDelete(sqlite3*, IdList*);
void sqlite3SrcListDelete(sqlite3*, SrcList*);
Index *sqlite3AllocateIndexObject(sqlite3*,i16,int,char**);
Index *sqlite3CreateIndex(Parse*,Token*,Token*,SrcList*,ExprList*,int,Token*,
                          Expr*, int, int);
void sqlite3DropIndex(Parse*, SrcList*, int);
int sqlite3Select(Parse*, Select*, SelectDest*);
Select *sqlite3SelectNew(Parse*,ExprList*,SrcList*,Expr*,ExprList*,
                         Expr*,ExprList*,u16,Expr*,Expr*);
void sqlite3SelectDelete(sqlite3*, Select*);
................................................................................
WhereInfo *sqlite3WhereBegin(Parse*,SrcList*,Expr*,ExprList*,ExprList*,u16,int);
void sqlite3WhereEnd(WhereInfo*);
u64 sqlite3WhereOutputRowCount(WhereInfo*);
int sqlite3WhereIsDistinct(WhereInfo*);
int sqlite3WhereIsOrdered(WhereInfo*);
int sqlite3WhereContinueLabel(WhereInfo*);
int sqlite3WhereBreakLabel(WhereInfo*);
int sqlite3WhereOkOnePass(WhereInfo*, int*);
int sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumn(Parse*, Table*, int, int, int, u8);
void sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(Vdbe*, Table*, int, int, int);
void sqlite3ExprCodeMove(Parse*, int, int, int);
void sqlite3ExprCacheStore(Parse*, int, int, int);
void sqlite3ExprCachePush(Parse*);
void sqlite3ExprCachePop(Parse*, int);
void sqlite3ExprCacheRemove(Parse*, int, int);
................................................................................
int sqlite3ExprIsConstantNotJoin(Expr*);
int sqlite3ExprIsConstantOrFunction(Expr*);
int sqlite3ExprIsInteger(Expr*, int*);
int sqlite3ExprCanBeNull(const Expr*);
void sqlite3ExprCodeIsNullJump(Vdbe*, const Expr*, int, int);
int sqlite3ExprNeedsNoAffinityChange(const Expr*, char);
int sqlite3IsRowid(const char*);
void sqlite3GenerateRowDelete(Parse*,Table*,Trigger*,int,int,int,i16,u8,u8,u8);
void sqlite3GenerateRowIndexDelete(Parse*, Table*, int, int, int*);
int sqlite3GenerateIndexKey(Parse*, Index*, int, int, int, int*);
void sqlite3GenerateConstraintChecks(Parse*,Table*,int*,int,int,int,int,
                                     u8,u8,int,int*);
void sqlite3CompleteInsertion(Parse*,Table*,int,int,int,int*,int,int,int);
int sqlite3OpenTableAndIndices(Parse*, Table*, int, int, int*, int*);
void sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(Parse*, int, int);
void sqlite3MultiWrite(Parse*);
void sqlite3MayAbort(Parse*);
void sqlite3HaltConstraint(Parse*, int, int, char*, i8, u8);
void sqlite3UniqueConstraint(Parse*, int, Index*);
void sqlite3RowidConstraint(Parse*, int, Table*);
Expr *sqlite3ExprDup(sqlite3*,Expr*,int);
ExprList *sqlite3ExprListDup(sqlite3*,ExprList*,int);
SrcList *sqlite3SrcListDup(sqlite3*,SrcList*,int);
IdList *sqlite3IdListDup(sqlite3*,IdList*);
Select *sqlite3SelectDup(sqlite3*,Select*,int);
void sqlite3FuncDefInsert(FuncDefHash*, FuncDef*);
FuncDef *sqlite3FindFunction(sqlite3*,const char*,int,int,u8,u8);
................................................................................
void sqlite3DefaultRowEst(Index*);
void sqlite3RegisterLikeFunctions(sqlite3*, int);
int sqlite3IsLikeFunction(sqlite3*,Expr*,int*,char*);
void sqlite3MinimumFileFormat(Parse*, int, int);
void sqlite3SchemaClear(void *);
Schema *sqlite3SchemaGet(sqlite3 *, Btree *);
int sqlite3SchemaToIndex(sqlite3 *db, Schema *);
KeyInfo *sqlite3KeyInfoAlloc(sqlite3*,int,int);
void sqlite3KeyInfoUnref(KeyInfo*);
KeyInfo *sqlite3KeyInfoRef(KeyInfo*);
KeyInfo *sqlite3KeyInfoOfIndex(Parse*, Index*);
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
int sqlite3KeyInfoIsWriteable(KeyInfo*);
#endif
int sqlite3CreateFunc(sqlite3 *, const char *, int, int, void *, 
  void (*)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value **),
  void (*)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value **), void (*)(sqlite3_context*),
  FuncDestructor *pDestructor
);
int sqlite3ApiExit(sqlite3 *db, int);
int sqlite3OpenTempDatabase(Parse *);

Changes to src/test6.c.

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619
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622
623
624
625
626
627
628
629
630
631
...
633
634
635
636
637
638
639
640
641
642
643
644
645
646
647
    pWrapper->zName = (char *)zName;
    pWrapper->pRealFile = pReal;
    rc = sqlite3OsFileSize(pReal, &iSize);
    pWrapper->iSize = (int)iSize;
    pWrapper->flags = flags;
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    pWrapper->nData = (4096 + pWrapper->iSize);
    pWrapper->zData = crash_malloc(pWrapper->nData);
    if( pWrapper->zData ){
      /* os_unix.c contains an assert() that fails if the caller attempts
      ** to read data from the 512-byte locking region of a file opened
      ** with the SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB flag. This region of a database file
      ** never contains valid data anyhow. So avoid doing such a read here.
      **
................................................................................
      ** to the xRead() method reads less than 128KB of data.
      */
      const int isDb = (flags&SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB);
      i64 iOff;

      memset(pWrapper->zData, 0, pWrapper->nData);
      for(iOff=0; iOff<pWrapper->iSize; iOff += 512){
        int nRead = pWrapper->iSize - (int)iOff;
        if( nRead>512 ) nRead = 512;
        if( isDb && iOff==PENDING_BYTE ) continue;
        rc = sqlite3OsRead(pReal, &pWrapper->zData[iOff], nRead, iOff);
      }
    }else{
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }







|







 







|







617
618
619
620
621
622
623
624
625
626
627
628
629
630
631
...
633
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635
636
637
638
639
640
641
642
643
644
645
646
647
    pWrapper->zName = (char *)zName;
    pWrapper->pRealFile = pReal;
    rc = sqlite3OsFileSize(pReal, &iSize);
    pWrapper->iSize = (int)iSize;
    pWrapper->flags = flags;
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    pWrapper->nData = (int)(4096 + pWrapper->iSize);
    pWrapper->zData = crash_malloc(pWrapper->nData);
    if( pWrapper->zData ){
      /* os_unix.c contains an assert() that fails if the caller attempts
      ** to read data from the 512-byte locking region of a file opened
      ** with the SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB flag. This region of a database file
      ** never contains valid data anyhow. So avoid doing such a read here.
      **
................................................................................
      ** to the xRead() method reads less than 128KB of data.
      */
      const int isDb = (flags&SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB);
      i64 iOff;

      memset(pWrapper->zData, 0, pWrapper->nData);
      for(iOff=0; iOff<pWrapper->iSize; iOff += 512){
        int nRead = (int)(pWrapper->iSize - iOff);
        if( nRead>512 ) nRead = 512;
        if( isDb && iOff==PENDING_BYTE ) continue;
        rc = sqlite3OsRead(pReal, &pWrapper->zData[iOff], nRead, iOff);
      }
    }else{
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }

Changes to src/test_config.c.

254
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256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
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269
270
271
272
273
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT
  Tcl_SetVar2(interp, "sqlite_options", "compound", "0", TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY);
#else
  Tcl_SetVar2(interp, "sqlite_options", "compound", "1", TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY);
#endif

  Tcl_SetVar2(interp, "sqlite_options", "conflict", "1", TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY);

#if SQLITE_OS_UNIX
  Tcl_SetVar2(interp, "sqlite_options", "crashtest", "1", TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY);
#else
  Tcl_SetVar2(interp, "sqlite_options", "crashtest", "0", TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY);
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_DATETIME_FUNCS
  Tcl_SetVar2(interp, "sqlite_options", "datetime", "0", TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY);
#else
  Tcl_SetVar2(interp, "sqlite_options", "datetime", "1", TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY);
#endif








<
<

<
<
<







254
255
256
257
258
259
260


261



262
263
264
265
266
267
268
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT
  Tcl_SetVar2(interp, "sqlite_options", "compound", "0", TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY);
#else
  Tcl_SetVar2(interp, "sqlite_options", "compound", "1", TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY);
#endif

  Tcl_SetVar2(interp, "sqlite_options", "conflict", "1", TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY);


  Tcl_SetVar2(interp, "sqlite_options", "crashtest", "1", TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY);




#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_DATETIME_FUNCS
  Tcl_SetVar2(interp, "sqlite_options", "datetime", "0", TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY);
#else
  Tcl_SetVar2(interp, "sqlite_options", "datetime", "1", TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY);
#endif

Changes to src/test_multiplex.c.

751
752
753
754
755
756
757

758
759
760

761
762
763
764
765
766
767
768


769

770
771
772
773
774
775
776
...
779
780
781
782
783
784
785

786
787
788
789
790
791
792
793
  void *pBuf,
  int iAmt,
  sqlite3_int64 iOfst
){
  multiplexConn *p = (multiplexConn*)pConn;
  multiplexGroup *pGroup = p->pGroup;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  multiplexEnter();
  if( !pGroup->bEnabled ){
    sqlite3_file *pSubOpen = multiplexSubOpen(pGroup, 0, &rc, NULL, 0);

    if( pSubOpen==0 ){
      rc = SQLITE_IOERR_READ;
    }else{
      rc = pSubOpen->pMethods->xRead(pSubOpen, pBuf, iAmt, iOfst);
    }
  }else{
    while( iAmt > 0 ){
      int i = (int)(iOfst / pGroup->szChunk);


      sqlite3_file *pSubOpen = multiplexSubOpen(pGroup, i, &rc, NULL, 1);

      if( pSubOpen ){
        int extra = ((int)(iOfst % pGroup->szChunk) + iAmt) - pGroup->szChunk;
        if( extra<0 ) extra = 0;
        iAmt -= extra;
        rc = pSubOpen->pMethods->xRead(pSubOpen, pBuf, iAmt,
                                       iOfst % pGroup->szChunk);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) break;
................................................................................
        iAmt = extra;
      }else{
        rc = SQLITE_IOERR_READ;
        break;
      }
    }
  }

  multiplexLeave();
  return rc;
}

/* Pass xWrite requests thru to the original VFS after
** determining the correct chunk to operate on.
** Break up writes across chunk boundaries.
*/







>
|


>








>
>
|
>







 







>
|







751
752
753
754
755
756
757
758
759
760
761
762
763
764
765
766
767
768
769
770
771
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773
774
775
776
777
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781
...
784
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789
790
791
792
793
794
795
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797
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799
  void *pBuf,
  int iAmt,
  sqlite3_int64 iOfst
){
  multiplexConn *p = (multiplexConn*)pConn;
  multiplexGroup *pGroup = p->pGroup;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  int nMutex = 0;
  multiplexEnter(); nMutex++;
  if( !pGroup->bEnabled ){
    sqlite3_file *pSubOpen = multiplexSubOpen(pGroup, 0, &rc, NULL, 0);
    multiplexLeave(); nMutex--;
    if( pSubOpen==0 ){
      rc = SQLITE_IOERR_READ;
    }else{
      rc = pSubOpen->pMethods->xRead(pSubOpen, pBuf, iAmt, iOfst);
    }
  }else{
    while( iAmt > 0 ){
      int i = (int)(iOfst / pGroup->szChunk);
      sqlite3_file *pSubOpen;
      if( nMutex==0 ){ multiplexEnter(); nMutex++; }
      pSubOpen = multiplexSubOpen(pGroup, i, &rc, NULL, 1);
      multiplexLeave(); nMutex--;
      if( pSubOpen ){
        int extra = ((int)(iOfst % pGroup->szChunk) + iAmt) - pGroup->szChunk;
        if( extra<0 ) extra = 0;
        iAmt -= extra;
        rc = pSubOpen->pMethods->xRead(pSubOpen, pBuf, iAmt,
                                       iOfst % pGroup->szChunk);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) break;
................................................................................
        iAmt = extra;
      }else{
        rc = SQLITE_IOERR_READ;
        break;
      }
    }
  }
  assert( nMutex==0 || nMutex==1 );
  if( nMutex ) multiplexLeave();
  return rc;
}

/* Pass xWrite requests thru to the original VFS after
** determining the correct chunk to operate on.
** Break up writes across chunk boundaries.
*/

Changes to src/test_stat.c.

393
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400
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...
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  StatTable *pTab = (StatTable *)pCursor->pVtab;
  Btree *pBt = pTab->db->aDb[0].pBt;
  Pager *pPager = sqlite3BtreePager(pBt);

  sqlite3_free(pCsr->zPath);
  pCsr->zPath = 0;


  if( pCsr->aPage[0].pPg==0 ){
    rc = sqlite3_step(pCsr->pStmt);
    if( rc==SQLITE_ROW ){
      int nPage;
      u32 iRoot = (u32)sqlite3_column_int64(pCsr->pStmt, 1);
      sqlite3PagerPagecount(pPager, &nPage);
      if( nPage==0 ){
................................................................................
        statSizeAndOffset(pCsr);
        return SQLITE_OK;
      }
      if( p->iRightChildPg ) break;
      p->iCell++;
    }

    while( !p->iRightChildPg || p->iCell>p->nCell ){
      statClearPage(p);
      if( pCsr->iPage==0 ) return statNext(pCursor);
      pCsr->iPage--;
      p = &pCsr->aPage[pCsr->iPage];
    }
    pCsr->iPage++;
    assert( p==&pCsr->aPage[pCsr->iPage-1] );

    if( p->iCell==p->nCell ){
      p[1].iPgno = p->iRightChildPg;
    }else{







>







 







|



|







393
394
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401
402
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405
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407
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445
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  StatTable *pTab = (StatTable *)pCursor->pVtab;
  Btree *pBt = pTab->db->aDb[0].pBt;
  Pager *pPager = sqlite3BtreePager(pBt);

  sqlite3_free(pCsr->zPath);
  pCsr->zPath = 0;

statNextRestart:
  if( pCsr->aPage[0].pPg==0 ){
    rc = sqlite3_step(pCsr->pStmt);
    if( rc==SQLITE_ROW ){
      int nPage;
      u32 iRoot = (u32)sqlite3_column_int64(pCsr->pStmt, 1);
      sqlite3PagerPagecount(pPager, &nPage);
      if( nPage==0 ){
................................................................................
        statSizeAndOffset(pCsr);
        return SQLITE_OK;
      }
      if( p->iRightChildPg ) break;
      p->iCell++;
    }

    if( !p->iRightChildPg || p->iCell>p->nCell ){
      statClearPage(p);
      if( pCsr->iPage==0 ) return statNext(pCursor);
      pCsr->iPage--;
      goto statNextRestart; /* Tail recursion */
    }
    pCsr->iPage++;
    assert( p==&pCsr->aPage[pCsr->iPage-1] );

    if( p->iCell==p->nCell ){
      p[1].iPgno = p->iRightChildPg;
    }else{

Changes to src/tokenize.c.

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509
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511
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515
516
    */
    sqlite3DeleteTable(db, pParse->pNewTable);
  }

  sqlite3DeleteTrigger(db, pParse->pNewTrigger);
  for(i=pParse->nzVar-1; i>=0; i--) sqlite3DbFree(db, pParse->azVar[i]);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, pParse->azVar);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, pParse->aAlias);
  while( pParse->pAinc ){
    AutoincInfo *p = pParse->pAinc;
    pParse->pAinc = p->pNext;
    sqlite3DbFree(db, p);
  }
  while( pParse->pZombieTab ){
    Table *p = pParse->pZombieTab;







<







502
503
504
505
506
507
508

509
510
511
512
513
514
515
    */
    sqlite3DeleteTable(db, pParse->pNewTable);
  }

  sqlite3DeleteTrigger(db, pParse->pNewTrigger);
  for(i=pParse->nzVar-1; i>=0; i--) sqlite3DbFree(db, pParse->azVar[i]);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, pParse->azVar);

  while( pParse->pAinc ){
    AutoincInfo *p = pParse->pAinc;
    pParse->pAinc = p->pNext;
    sqlite3DbFree(db, p);
  }
  while( pParse->pZombieTab ){
    Table *p = pParse->pZombieTab;

Changes to src/trigger.c.

780
781
782
783
784
785
786
787
788
789
790
791
792
793
794
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_ResetCount);
    }
  }

  return 0;
}

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
/*
** This function is used to add VdbeComment() annotations to a VDBE
** program. It is not used in production code, only for debugging.
*/
static const char *onErrorText(int onError){
  switch( onError ){
    case OE_Abort:    return "abort";







|







780
781
782
783
784
785
786
787
788
789
790
791
792
793
794
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_ResetCount);
    }
  }

  return 0;
}

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_EXPLAIN_COMMENTS
/*
** This function is used to add VdbeComment() annotations to a VDBE
** program. It is not used in production code, only for debugging.
*/
static const char *onErrorText(int onError){
  switch( onError ){
    case OE_Abort:    return "abort";

Changes to src/update.c.

91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101

102
103


104
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109


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117
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179




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204
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333
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348


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...
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467

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496
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515
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517
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544
545


546
547
548
549
550
551
552
553
554
555
556
557
558
559
560
561
  SrcList *pTabList,     /* The table in which we should change things */
  ExprList *pChanges,    /* Things to be changed */
  Expr *pWhere,          /* The WHERE clause.  May be null */
  int onError            /* How to handle constraint errors */
){
  int i, j;              /* Loop counters */
  Table *pTab;           /* The table to be updated */
  int addr = 0;          /* VDBE instruction address of the start of the loop */
  WhereInfo *pWInfo;     /* Information about the WHERE clause */
  Vdbe *v;               /* The virtual database engine */
  Index *pIdx;           /* For looping over indices */

  int nIdx;              /* Number of indices that need updating */
  int iCur;              /* VDBE Cursor number of pTab */


  sqlite3 *db;           /* The database structure */
  int *aRegIdx = 0;      /* One register assigned to each index to be updated */
  int *aXRef = 0;        /* aXRef[i] is the index in pChanges->a[] of the
                         ** an expression for the i-th column of the table.
                         ** aXRef[i]==-1 if the i-th column is not changed. */
  int chngRowid;         /* True if the record number is being changed */


  Expr *pRowidExpr = 0;  /* Expression defining the new record number */
  int openAll = 0;       /* True if all indices need to be opened */
  AuthContext sContext;  /* The authorization context */
  NameContext sNC;       /* The name-context to resolve expressions in */
  int iDb;               /* Database containing the table being updated */
  int okOnePass;         /* True for one-pass algorithm without the FIFO */
  int hasFK;             /* True if foreign key processing is required */



#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
  int isView;            /* True when updating a view (INSTEAD OF trigger) */
  Trigger *pTrigger;     /* List of triggers on pTab, if required */
  int tmask;             /* Mask of TRIGGER_BEFORE|TRIGGER_AFTER */
#endif
  int newmask;           /* Mask of NEW.* columns accessed by BEFORE triggers */




  /* Register Allocations */
  int regRowCount = 0;   /* A count of rows changed */
  int regOldRowid;       /* The old rowid */
  int regNewRowid;       /* The new rowid */
  int regNew;            /* Content of the NEW.* table in triggers */
  int regOld = 0;        /* Content of OLD.* table in triggers */
  int regRowSet = 0;     /* Rowset of rows to be updated */


  memset(&sContext, 0, sizeof(sContext));
  db = pParse->db;
  if( pParse->nErr || db->mallocFailed ){
    goto update_cleanup;
  }
  assert( pTabList->nSrc==1 );
................................................................................
  for(i=0; i<pTab->nCol; i++) aXRef[i] = -1;

  /* Allocate a cursors for the main database table and for all indices.
  ** The index cursors might not be used, but if they are used they
  ** need to occur right after the database cursor.  So go ahead and
  ** allocate enough space, just in case.
  */
  pTabList->a[0].iCursor = iCur = pParse->nTab++;


  for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){




    pParse->nTab++;
  }

  /* Initialize the name-context */
  memset(&sNC, 0, sizeof(sNC));
  sNC.pParse = pParse;
  sNC.pSrcList = pTabList;
................................................................................

  /* Resolve the column names in all the expressions of the
  ** of the UPDATE statement.  Also find the column index
  ** for each column to be updated in the pChanges array.  For each
  ** column to be updated, make sure we have authorization to change
  ** that column.
  */
  chngRowid = 0;
  for(i=0; i<pChanges->nExpr; i++){
    if( sqlite3ResolveExprNames(&sNC, pChanges->a[i].pExpr) ){
      goto update_cleanup;
    }
    for(j=0; j<pTab->nCol; j++){
      if( sqlite3StrICmp(pTab->aCol[j].zName, pChanges->a[i].zName)==0 ){
        if( j==pTab->iPKey ){
          chngRowid = 1;
          pRowidExpr = pChanges->a[i].pExpr;


        }
        aXRef[j] = i;
        break;
      }
    }
    if( j>=pTab->nCol ){
      if( sqlite3IsRowid(pChanges->a[i].zName) ){
        j = -1;
        chngRowid = 1;
        pRowidExpr = pChanges->a[i].pExpr;
      }else{
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "no such column: %s", pChanges->a[i].zName);
        pParse->checkSchema = 1;
        goto update_cleanup;
................................................................................
        goto update_cleanup;
      }else if( rc==SQLITE_IGNORE ){
        aXRef[j] = -1;
      }
    }
#endif
  }





  hasFK = sqlite3FkRequired(pParse, pTab, aXRef, chngRowid);

  /* Allocate memory for the array aRegIdx[].  There is one entry in the
  ** array for each index associated with table being updated.  Fill in
  ** the value with a register number for indices that are to be used
  ** and with zero for unused indices.
  */
  for(nIdx=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, nIdx++){}
  if( nIdx>0 ){
    aRegIdx = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, sizeof(Index*) * nIdx );
    if( aRegIdx==0 ) goto update_cleanup;
  }
  for(j=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, j++){
    int reg;
    if( hasFK || chngRowid || pIdx->pPartIdxWhere ){
      reg = ++pParse->nMem;
    }else{
      reg = 0;
      for(i=0; i<pIdx->nColumn; i++){
        if( aXRef[pIdx->aiColumn[i]]>=0 ){
          reg = ++pParse->nMem;
          break;
        }
      }
    }
    aRegIdx[j] = reg;
................................................................................
    goto update_cleanup;
  }
#endif

  /* Allocate required registers. */
  regRowSet = ++pParse->nMem;
  regOldRowid = regNewRowid = ++pParse->nMem;
  if( pTrigger || hasFK ){
    regOld = pParse->nMem + 1;
    pParse->nMem += pTab->nCol;
  }
  if( chngRowid || pTrigger || hasFK ){
    regNewRowid = ++pParse->nMem;
  }
  regNew = pParse->nMem + 1;
  pParse->nMem += pTab->nCol;

  /* Start the view context. */
  if( isView ){
................................................................................
  }

  /* If we are trying to update a view, realize that view into
  ** a ephemeral table.
  */
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER)
  if( isView ){
    sqlite3MaterializeView(pParse, pTab, pWhere, iCur);
  }
#endif

  /* Resolve the column names in all the expressions in the
  ** WHERE clause.
  */
  if( sqlite3ResolveExprNames(&sNC, pWhere) ){
    goto update_cleanup;
  }

  /* Begin the database scan
  */

  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Null, 0, regRowSet, regOldRowid);
  pWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(
      pParse, pTabList, pWhere, 0, 0, WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED, 0
  );
  if( pWInfo==0 ) goto update_cleanup;
  okOnePass = sqlite3WhereOkOnePass(pWInfo);

  /* Remember the rowid of every item to be updated.
  */
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rowid, iCur, regOldRowid);
  if( !okOnePass ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_RowSetAdd, regRowSet, regOldRowid);
  }

  /* End the database scan loop.
  */
  sqlite3WhereEnd(pWInfo);


































  /* Initialize the count of updated rows
  */
  if( (db->flags & SQLITE_CountRows) && !pParse->pTriggerTab ){
    regRowCount = ++pParse->nMem;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, regRowCount);
  }


  if( !isView ){
    /* 
    ** Open every index that needs updating.  Note that if any
    ** index could potentially invoke a REPLACE conflict resolution 
    ** action, then we need to open all indices because we might need
    ** to be deleting some records.
    */

    if( !okOnePass ) sqlite3OpenTable(pParse, iCur, iDb, pTab, OP_OpenWrite); 


    if( onError==OE_Replace ){
      openAll = 1;
    }else{
      openAll = 0;
      for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
        if( pIdx->onError==OE_Replace ){
          openAll = 1;
          break;
        }
      }
    }
    for(i=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, i++){

      assert( aRegIdx );
      if( openAll || aRegIdx[i]>0 ){




        KeyInfo *pKey = sqlite3IndexKeyinfo(pParse, pIdx);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_OpenWrite, iCur+i+1, pIdx->tnum, iDb,
                       (char*)pKey, P4_KEYINFO_HANDOFF);
        assert( pParse->nTab>iCur+i+1 );





      }
    }
  }

  /* Top of the update loop */
  if( okOnePass ){
    int a1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_NotNull, regOldRowid);
    addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Goto);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, a1);
  }else{
    addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_RowSetRead, regRowSet, 0, regOldRowid);
  }

  /* Make cursor iCur point to the record that is being updated. If
  ** this record does not exist for some reason (deleted by a trigger,
  ** for example, then jump to the next iteration of the RowSet loop.  */
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, iCur, addr, regOldRowid);


  /* If the record number will change, set register regNewRowid to
  ** contain the new value. If the record number is not being modified,
  ** then regNewRowid is the same register as regOldRowid, which is
  ** already populated.  */
  assert( chngRowid || pTrigger || hasFK || regOldRowid==regNewRowid );
  if( chngRowid ){
    sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pRowidExpr, regNewRowid);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_MustBeInt, regNewRowid);
  }

  /* If there are triggers on this table, populate an array of registers 
  ** with the required old.* column data.  */
  if( hasFK || pTrigger ){
    u32 oldmask = (hasFK ? sqlite3FkOldmask(pParse, pTab) : 0);
    oldmask |= sqlite3TriggerColmask(pParse, 
        pTrigger, pChanges, 0, TRIGGER_BEFORE|TRIGGER_AFTER, pTab, onError
    );
    for(i=0; i<pTab->nCol; i++){

      if( aXRef[i]<0 || oldmask==0xffffffff || (i<32 && (oldmask & (1<<i))) ){


        sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, iCur, i, regOld+i);
      }else{
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, regOld+i);
      }
    }
    if( chngRowid==0 ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Copy, regOldRowid, regNewRowid);
    }
  }

  /* Populate the array of registers beginning at regNew with the new
  ** row data. This array is used to check constaints, create the new
  ** table and index records, and as the values for any new.* references
................................................................................
        /* This branch loads the value of a column that will not be changed 
        ** into a register. This is done if there are no BEFORE triggers, or
        ** if there are one or more BEFORE triggers that use this value via
        ** a new.* reference in a trigger program.
        */
        testcase( i==31 );
        testcase( i==32 );
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iCur, i, regNew+i);
        sqlite3ColumnDefault(v, pTab, i, regNew+i);
      }
    }
  }

  /* Fire any BEFORE UPDATE triggers. This happens before constraints are
  ** verified. One could argue that this is wrong.
  */
  if( tmask&TRIGGER_BEFORE ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Affinity, regNew, pTab->nCol);
    sqlite3TableAffinityStr(v, pTab);
    sqlite3CodeRowTrigger(pParse, pTrigger, TK_UPDATE, pChanges, 
        TRIGGER_BEFORE, pTab, regOldRowid, onError, addr);

    /* The row-trigger may have deleted the row being updated. In this
    ** case, jump to the next row. No updates or AFTER triggers are 
    ** required. This behavior - what happens when the row being updated
    ** is deleted or renamed by a BEFORE trigger - is left undefined in the
    ** documentation.
    */



    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, iCur, addr, regOldRowid);


    /* If it did not delete it, the row-trigger may still have modified 
    ** some of the columns of the row being updated. Load the values for 
    ** all columns not modified by the update statement into their 
    ** registers in case this has happened.
    */
    for(i=0; i<pTab->nCol; i++){
      if( aXRef[i]<0 && i!=pTab->iPKey ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iCur, i, regNew+i);
        sqlite3ColumnDefault(v, pTab, i, regNew+i);
      }
    }
  }

  if( !isView ){
    int j1;                       /* Address of jump instruction */


    /* Do constraint checks. */

    sqlite3GenerateConstraintChecks(pParse, pTab, iCur, regNewRowid,
        aRegIdx, (chngRowid?regOldRowid:0), 1, onError, addr, 0);


    /* Do FK constraint checks. */
    if( hasFK ){
      sqlite3FkCheck(pParse, pTab, regOldRowid, 0, aXRef, chngRowid);
    }

    /* Delete the index entries associated with the current record.  */




    j1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, iCur, 0, regOldRowid);


    sqlite3GenerateRowIndexDelete(pParse, pTab, iCur, aRegIdx);

    /* If changing the rowid value, or if there are foreign key constraints
    ** to process, delete the old record. Otherwise, add a noop OP_Delete
    ** to invoke the pre-update hook.
    **
    ** That (regNew==regnewRowid+1) is true is also important for the 
    ** pre-update hook. If the caller invokes preupdate_new(), the returned
    ** value is copied from memory cell (regNewRowid+1+iCol), where iCol
    ** is the column index supplied by the user.
    */
    assert( regNew==regNewRowid+1 );
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Delete, iCur,
        OPFLAG_ISUPDATE | ((hasFK || chngRowid) ? 0 : OPFLAG_ISNOOP),
        regNewRowid
    );
    if( !pParse->nested ){
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char*)pTab, P4_TABLE);
    }




    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, j1);



    if( hasFK ){
      sqlite3FkCheck(pParse, pTab, 0, regNewRowid, aXRef, chngRowid);
    }
  
    /* Insert the new index entries and the new record. */
    sqlite3CompleteInsertion(pParse, pTab, iCur, regNewRowid, aRegIdx, 1, 0, 0);


    /* Do any ON CASCADE, SET NULL or SET DEFAULT operations required to
    ** handle rows (possibly in other tables) that refer via a foreign key
    ** to the row just updated. */ 
    if( hasFK ){
      sqlite3FkActions(pParse, pTab, pChanges, regOldRowid, aXRef, chngRowid);
    }
  }

  /* Increment the row counter 
  */
  if( (db->flags & SQLITE_CountRows) && !pParse->pTriggerTab){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, regRowCount, 1);
  }

  sqlite3CodeRowTrigger(pParse, pTrigger, TK_UPDATE, pChanges, 
      TRIGGER_AFTER, pTab, regOldRowid, onError, addr);

  /* Repeat the above with the next record to be updated, until
  ** all record selected by the WHERE clause have been updated.
  */






  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, addr);
  sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);



  /* Close all tables */
  for(i=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, i++){
    assert( aRegIdx );
    if( openAll || aRegIdx[i]>0 ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, iCur+i+1, 0);
    }
  }
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, iCur, 0);

  /* Update the sqlite_sequence table by storing the content of the
  ** maximum rowid counter values recorded while inserting into
  ** autoincrement tables.
  */
  if( pParse->nested==0 && pParse->pTriggerTab==0 ){
    sqlite3AutoincrementEnd(pParse);







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  SrcList *pTabList,     /* The table in which we should change things */
  ExprList *pChanges,    /* Things to be changed */
  Expr *pWhere,          /* The WHERE clause.  May be null */
  int onError            /* How to handle constraint errors */
){
  int i, j;              /* Loop counters */
  Table *pTab;           /* The table to be updated */
  int addrTop = 0;       /* VDBE instruction address of the start of the loop */
  WhereInfo *pWInfo;     /* Information about the WHERE clause */
  Vdbe *v;               /* The virtual database engine */
  Index *pIdx;           /* For looping over indices */
  Index *pPk;            /* The PRIMARY KEY index for WITHOUT ROWID tables */
  int nIdx;              /* Number of indices that need updating */

  int iDataCur;          /* Cursor for the canonical data btree */
  int iIdxCur;           /* Cursor for the first index */
  sqlite3 *db;           /* The database structure */
  int *aRegIdx = 0;      /* One register assigned to each index to be updated */
  int *aXRef = 0;        /* aXRef[i] is the index in pChanges->a[] of the
                         ** an expression for the i-th column of the table.
                         ** aXRef[i]==-1 if the i-th column is not changed. */
  u8 chngPk;             /* PRIMARY KEY changed in a WITHOUT ROWID table */
  u8 chngRowid;          /* Rowid changed in a normal table */
  u8 chngKey;            /* Either chngPk or chngRowid */
  Expr *pRowidExpr = 0;  /* Expression defining the new record number */
  int openAll = 0;       /* True if all indices need to be opened */
  AuthContext sContext;  /* The authorization context */
  NameContext sNC;       /* The name-context to resolve expressions in */
  int iDb;               /* Database containing the table being updated */
  int okOnePass;         /* True for one-pass algorithm without the FIFO */
  int hasFK;             /* True if foreign key processing is required */
  int labelBreak;        /* Jump here to break out of UPDATE loop */
  int labelContinue;     /* Jump here to continue next step of UPDATE loop */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
  int isView;            /* True when updating a view (INSTEAD OF trigger) */
  Trigger *pTrigger;     /* List of triggers on pTab, if required */
  int tmask;             /* Mask of TRIGGER_BEFORE|TRIGGER_AFTER */
#endif
  int newmask;           /* Mask of NEW.* columns accessed by BEFORE triggers */
  int iEph = 0;          /* Ephemeral table holding all primary key values */
  int nKey = 0;          /* Number of elements in regKey for WITHOUT ROWID */
  int aiCurOnePass[2];   /* The write cursors opened by WHERE_ONEPASS */

  /* Register Allocations */
  int regRowCount = 0;   /* A count of rows changed */
  int regOldRowid;       /* The old rowid */
  int regNewRowid;       /* The new rowid */
  int regNew;            /* Content of the NEW.* table in triggers */
  int regOld = 0;        /* Content of OLD.* table in triggers */
  int regRowSet = 0;     /* Rowset of rows to be updated */
  int regKey = 0;        /* composite PRIMARY KEY value */

  memset(&sContext, 0, sizeof(sContext));
  db = pParse->db;
  if( pParse->nErr || db->mallocFailed ){
    goto update_cleanup;
  }
  assert( pTabList->nSrc==1 );
................................................................................
  for(i=0; i<pTab->nCol; i++) aXRef[i] = -1;

  /* Allocate a cursors for the main database table and for all indices.
  ** The index cursors might not be used, but if they are used they
  ** need to occur right after the database cursor.  So go ahead and
  ** allocate enough space, just in case.
  */
  pTabList->a[0].iCursor = iDataCur = pParse->nTab++;
  iIdxCur = iDataCur+1;
  pPk = HasRowid(pTab) ? 0 : sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pTab);
  for(nIdx=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, nIdx++){
    if( pIdx->autoIndex==2 && pPk!=0 ){
      iDataCur = pParse->nTab;
      pTabList->a[0].iCursor = iDataCur;
    }
    pParse->nTab++;
  }

  /* Initialize the name-context */
  memset(&sNC, 0, sizeof(sNC));
  sNC.pParse = pParse;
  sNC.pSrcList = pTabList;
................................................................................

  /* Resolve the column names in all the expressions of the
  ** of the UPDATE statement.  Also find the column index
  ** for each column to be updated in the pChanges array.  For each
  ** column to be updated, make sure we have authorization to change
  ** that column.
  */
  chngRowid = chngPk = 0;
  for(i=0; i<pChanges->nExpr; i++){
    if( sqlite3ResolveExprNames(&sNC, pChanges->a[i].pExpr) ){
      goto update_cleanup;
    }
    for(j=0; j<pTab->nCol; j++){
      if( sqlite3StrICmp(pTab->aCol[j].zName, pChanges->a[i].zName)==0 ){
        if( j==pTab->iPKey ){
          chngRowid = 1;
          pRowidExpr = pChanges->a[i].pExpr;
        }else if( pPk && (pTab->aCol[j].colFlags & COLFLAG_PRIMKEY)!=0 ){
          chngPk = 1;
        }
        aXRef[j] = i;
        break;
      }
    }
    if( j>=pTab->nCol ){
      if( pPk==0 && sqlite3IsRowid(pChanges->a[i].zName) ){
        j = -1;
        chngRowid = 1;
        pRowidExpr = pChanges->a[i].pExpr;
      }else{
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "no such column: %s", pChanges->a[i].zName);
        pParse->checkSchema = 1;
        goto update_cleanup;
................................................................................
        goto update_cleanup;
      }else if( rc==SQLITE_IGNORE ){
        aXRef[j] = -1;
      }
    }
#endif
  }
  assert( (chngRowid & chngPk)==0 );
  assert( chngRowid==0 || chngRowid==1 );
  assert( chngPk==0 || chngPk==1 );
  chngKey = chngRowid + chngPk;

  hasFK = sqlite3FkRequired(pParse, pTab, aXRef, chngKey);

  /* Allocate memory for the array aRegIdx[].  There is one entry in the
  ** array for each index associated with table being updated.  Fill in
  ** the value with a register number for indices that are to be used
  ** and with zero for unused indices.
  */

  if( nIdx>0 ){
    aRegIdx = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, sizeof(Index*) * nIdx );
    if( aRegIdx==0 ) goto update_cleanup;
  }
  for(j=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, j++){
    int reg;
    if( chngKey || hasFK || pIdx->pPartIdxWhere || pIdx==pPk ){
      reg = ++pParse->nMem;
    }else{
      reg = 0;
      for(i=0; i<pIdx->nKeyCol; i++){
        if( aXRef[pIdx->aiColumn[i]]>=0 ){
          reg = ++pParse->nMem;
          break;
        }
      }
    }
    aRegIdx[j] = reg;
................................................................................
    goto update_cleanup;
  }
#endif

  /* Allocate required registers. */
  regRowSet = ++pParse->nMem;
  regOldRowid = regNewRowid = ++pParse->nMem;
  if( chngPk || pTrigger || hasFK ){
    regOld = pParse->nMem + 1;
    pParse->nMem += pTab->nCol;
  }
  if( chngKey || pTrigger || hasFK ){
    regNewRowid = ++pParse->nMem;
  }
  regNew = pParse->nMem + 1;
  pParse->nMem += pTab->nCol;

  /* Start the view context. */
  if( isView ){
................................................................................
  }

  /* If we are trying to update a view, realize that view into
  ** a ephemeral table.
  */
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER)
  if( isView ){
    sqlite3MaterializeView(pParse, pTab, pWhere, iDataCur);
  }
#endif

  /* Resolve the column names in all the expressions in the
  ** WHERE clause.
  */
  if( sqlite3ResolveExprNames(&sNC, pWhere) ){
    goto update_cleanup;
  }

  /* Begin the database scan
  */
  if( HasRowid(pTab) ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Null, 0, regRowSet, regOldRowid);
    pWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(
        pParse, pTabList, pWhere, 0, 0, WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED, iIdxCur
    );
    if( pWInfo==0 ) goto update_cleanup;
    okOnePass = sqlite3WhereOkOnePass(pWInfo, aiCurOnePass);
  
    /* Remember the rowid of every item to be updated.
    */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rowid, iDataCur, regOldRowid);
    if( !okOnePass ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_RowSetAdd, regRowSet, regOldRowid);
    }
  
    /* End the database scan loop.
    */
    sqlite3WhereEnd(pWInfo);
  }else{
    int iPk;         /* First of nPk memory cells holding PRIMARY KEY value */
    i16 nPk;         /* Number of components of the PRIMARY KEY */
    int addrOpen;    /* Address of the OpenEphemeral instruction */

    assert( pPk!=0 );
    nPk = pPk->nKeyCol;
    iPk = pParse->nMem+1;
    pParse->nMem += nPk;
    regKey = ++pParse->nMem;
    iEph = pParse->nTab++;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, iPk);
    addrOpen = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_OpenEphemeral, iEph, nPk);
    sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(pParse, pPk);
    pWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(pParse, pTabList, pWhere, 0, 0, 
                               WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED, iIdxCur);
    if( pWInfo==0 ) goto update_cleanup;
    okOnePass = sqlite3WhereOkOnePass(pWInfo, aiCurOnePass);
    for(i=0; i<nPk; i++){
      sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, iDataCur, pPk->aiColumn[i],
                                      iPk+i);
    }
    if( okOnePass ){
      sqlite3VdbeChangeToNoop(v, addrOpen);
      nKey = nPk;
      regKey = iPk;
    }else{
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, iPk, nPk, regKey,
                        sqlite3IndexAffinityStr(v, pPk), P4_TRANSIENT);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxInsert, iEph, regKey);
    }
    sqlite3WhereEnd(pWInfo);
  }

  /* Initialize the count of updated rows
  */
  if( (db->flags & SQLITE_CountRows) && !pParse->pTriggerTab ){
    regRowCount = ++pParse->nMem;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, regRowCount);
  }

  labelBreak = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
  if( !isView ){
    /* 
    ** Open every index that needs updating.  Note that if any
    ** index could potentially invoke a REPLACE conflict resolution 
    ** action, then we need to open all indices because we might need
    ** to be deleting some records.
    */
    if( !okOnePass && HasRowid(pTab) ){
      sqlite3OpenTable(pParse, iDataCur, iDb, pTab, OP_OpenWrite); 
    }
    sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDb, pTab->tnum, 1, pTab->zName);
    if( onError==OE_Replace ){
      openAll = 1;
    }else{
      openAll = 0;
      for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
        if( pIdx->onError==OE_Replace ){
          openAll = 1;
          break;
        }
      }
    }
    for(i=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, i++){
      int iThisCur = iIdxCur+i;
      assert( aRegIdx );
      if( (openAll || aRegIdx[i]>0)
       && iThisCur!=aiCurOnePass[1]
      ){
        assert( iThisCur!=aiCurOnePass[0] );
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenWrite, iThisCur, pIdx->tnum, iDb);
        sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(pParse, pIdx);


        assert( pParse->nTab>iThisCur );
        VdbeComment((v, "%s", pIdx->zName));
        if( okOnePass && pPk && iThisCur==iDataCur ){
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_NotFound, iDataCur, labelBreak,
                               regKey, nKey);
        }
      }
    }
  }

  /* Top of the update loop */
  if( okOnePass ){
    labelContinue = labelBreak;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, pPk ? regKey : regOldRowid, labelBreak);
  }else if( pPk ){
    labelContinue = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iEph, labelBreak);
    addrTop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_RowKey, iEph, regKey);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_NotFound, iDataCur, labelContinue, regKey, 0);
  }else{
    labelContinue = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_RowSetRead, regRowSet, labelBreak,
                             regOldRowid);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, iDataCur, labelContinue, regOldRowid);
  }

  /* If the record number will change, set register regNewRowid to
  ** contain the new value. If the record number is not being modified,
  ** then regNewRowid is the same register as regOldRowid, which is
  ** already populated.  */
  assert( chngKey || pTrigger || hasFK || regOldRowid==regNewRowid );
  if( chngRowid ){
    sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pRowidExpr, regNewRowid);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_MustBeInt, regNewRowid);
  }

  /* Compute the old pre-UPDATE content of the row being changed, if that
  ** information is needed */
  if( chngPk || hasFK || pTrigger ){
    u32 oldmask = (hasFK ? sqlite3FkOldmask(pParse, pTab) : 0);
    oldmask |= sqlite3TriggerColmask(pParse, 
        pTrigger, pChanges, 0, TRIGGER_BEFORE|TRIGGER_AFTER, pTab, onError
    );
    for(i=0; i<pTab->nCol; i++){
      if( oldmask==0xffffffff
       || (i<32 && (oldmask & (1<<i)))
       || (pTab->aCol[i].colFlags & COLFLAG_PRIMKEY)!=0
      ){
        sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, iDataCur, i, regOld+i);
      }else{
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, regOld+i);
      }
    }
    if( chngRowid==0 && pPk==0 ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Copy, regOldRowid, regNewRowid);
    }
  }

  /* Populate the array of registers beginning at regNew with the new
  ** row data. This array is used to check constaints, create the new
  ** table and index records, and as the values for any new.* references
................................................................................
        /* This branch loads the value of a column that will not be changed 
        ** into a register. This is done if there are no BEFORE triggers, or
        ** if there are one or more BEFORE triggers that use this value via
        ** a new.* reference in a trigger program.
        */
        testcase( i==31 );
        testcase( i==32 );
        sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, iDataCur, i, regNew+i);

      }
    }
  }

  /* Fire any BEFORE UPDATE triggers. This happens before constraints are
  ** verified. One could argue that this is wrong.
  */
  if( tmask&TRIGGER_BEFORE ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Affinity, regNew, pTab->nCol);
    sqlite3TableAffinityStr(v, pTab);
    sqlite3CodeRowTrigger(pParse, pTrigger, TK_UPDATE, pChanges, 
        TRIGGER_BEFORE, pTab, regOldRowid, onError, labelContinue);

    /* The row-trigger may have deleted the row being updated. In this
    ** case, jump to the next row. No updates or AFTER triggers are 
    ** required. This behavior - what happens when the row being updated
    ** is deleted or renamed by a BEFORE trigger - is left undefined in the
    ** documentation.
    */
    if( pPk ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_NotFound, iDataCur, labelContinue,regKey,nKey);
    }else{
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, iDataCur, labelContinue, regOldRowid);
    }

    /* If it did not delete it, the row-trigger may still have modified 
    ** some of the columns of the row being updated. Load the values for 
    ** all columns not modified by the update statement into their 
    ** registers in case this has happened.
    */
    for(i=0; i<pTab->nCol; i++){
      if( aXRef[i]<0 && i!=pTab->iPKey ){
        sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, iDataCur, i, regNew+i);

      }
    }
  }

  if( !isView ){
    int j1 = 0;           /* Address of jump instruction */
    int bReplace = 0;     /* True if REPLACE conflict resolution might happen */

    /* Do constraint checks. */
    assert( regOldRowid>0 );
    sqlite3GenerateConstraintChecks(pParse, pTab, aRegIdx, iDataCur, iIdxCur,

        regNewRowid, regOldRowid, chngKey, onError, labelContinue, &bReplace);

    /* Do FK constraint checks. */
    if( hasFK ){
      sqlite3FkCheck(pParse, pTab, regOldRowid, 0, aXRef, chngKey);
    }

    /* Delete the index entries associated with the current record.  */
    if( bReplace || chngKey ){
      if( pPk ){
        j1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_NotFound, iDataCur, 0, regKey, nKey);
      }else{
        j1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, iDataCur, 0, regOldRowid);
      }
    }
    sqlite3GenerateRowIndexDelete(pParse, pTab, iDataCur, iIdxCur, aRegIdx);

    /* If changing the rowid value, or if there are foreign key constraints
    ** to process, delete the old record. Otherwise, add a noop OP_Delete
    ** to invoke the pre-update hook.
    **
    ** That (regNew==regnewRowid+1) is true is also important for the 
    ** pre-update hook. If the caller invokes preupdate_new(), the returned
    ** value is copied from memory cell (regNewRowid+1+iCol), where iCol
    ** is the column index supplied by the user.
    */
    assert( regNew==regNewRowid+1 );
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Delete, iDataCur,
        OPFLAG_ISUPDATE | ((hasFK || chngKey || pPk!=0) ? 0 : OPFLAG_ISNOOP),
        regNewRowid
    );
    if( !pParse->nested ){
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char*)pTab, P4_TABLE);
    }
    if( bReplace || chngKey ){
      if( sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)==j1+1 ){
        sqlite3VdbeChangeToNoop(v, j1);
      }else{
        sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, j1);
      }
    }

    if( hasFK ){
      sqlite3FkCheck(pParse, pTab, 0, regNewRowid, aXRef, chngKey);
    }
  
    /* Insert the new index entries and the new record. */
    sqlite3CompleteInsertion(pParse, pTab, iDataCur, iIdxCur,
                             regNewRowid, aRegIdx, 1, 0, 0);

    /* Do any ON CASCADE, SET NULL or SET DEFAULT operations required to
    ** handle rows (possibly in other tables) that refer via a foreign key
    ** to the row just updated. */ 
    if( hasFK ){
      sqlite3FkActions(pParse, pTab, pChanges, regOldRowid, aXRef, chngKey);
    }
  }

  /* Increment the row counter 
  */
  if( (db->flags & SQLITE_CountRows) && !pParse->pTriggerTab){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, regRowCount, 1);
  }

  sqlite3CodeRowTrigger(pParse, pTrigger, TK_UPDATE, pChanges, 
      TRIGGER_AFTER, pTab, regOldRowid, onError, labelContinue);

  /* Repeat the above with the next record to be updated, until
  ** all record selected by the WHERE clause have been updated.
  */
  if( okOnePass ){
    /* Nothing to do at end-of-loop for a single-pass */
  }else if( pPk ){
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, labelContinue);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iEph, addrTop);
  }else{
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, labelContinue);

  }
  sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, labelBreak);

  /* Close all tables */
  for(i=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, i++){
    assert( aRegIdx );
    if( openAll || aRegIdx[i]>0 ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, iIdxCur+i, 0);
    }
  }
  if( iDataCur<iIdxCur ) sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, iDataCur, 0);

  /* Update the sqlite_sequence table by storing the content of the
  ** maximum rowid counter values recorded while inserting into
  ** autoincrement tables.
  */
  if( pParse->nested==0 && pParse->pTriggerTab==0 ){
    sqlite3AutoincrementEnd(pParse);

Changes to src/vacuum.c.

230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
...
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265

  /* Query the schema of the main database. Create a mirror schema
  ** in the temporary database.
  */
  rc = execExecSql(db, pzErrMsg,
      "SELECT 'CREATE TABLE vacuum_db.' || substr(sql,14) "
      "  FROM sqlite_master WHERE type='table' AND name!='sqlite_sequence'"
      "   AND rootpage>0"
  );
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto end_of_vacuum;
  rc = execExecSql(db, pzErrMsg,
      "SELECT 'CREATE INDEX vacuum_db.' || substr(sql,14)"
      "  FROM sqlite_master WHERE sql LIKE 'CREATE INDEX %' ");
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto end_of_vacuum;
  rc = execExecSql(db, pzErrMsg,
................................................................................
  ** the contents to the temporary database.
  */
  rc = execExecSql(db, pzErrMsg,
      "SELECT 'INSERT INTO vacuum_db.' || quote(name) "
      "|| ' SELECT * FROM main.' || quote(name) || ';'"
      "FROM main.sqlite_master "
      "WHERE type = 'table' AND name!='sqlite_sequence' "
      "  AND rootpage>0"
  );
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto end_of_vacuum;

  /* Copy over the sequence table
  */
  rc = execExecSql(db, pzErrMsg,
      "SELECT 'DELETE FROM vacuum_db.' || quote(name) || ';' "







|







 







|







230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
...
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265

  /* Query the schema of the main database. Create a mirror schema
  ** in the temporary database.
  */
  rc = execExecSql(db, pzErrMsg,
      "SELECT 'CREATE TABLE vacuum_db.' || substr(sql,14) "
      "  FROM sqlite_master WHERE type='table' AND name!='sqlite_sequence'"
      "   AND coalesce(rootpage,1)>0"
  );
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto end_of_vacuum;
  rc = execExecSql(db, pzErrMsg,
      "SELECT 'CREATE INDEX vacuum_db.' || substr(sql,14)"
      "  FROM sqlite_master WHERE sql LIKE 'CREATE INDEX %' ");
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto end_of_vacuum;
  rc = execExecSql(db, pzErrMsg,
................................................................................
  ** the contents to the temporary database.
  */
  rc = execExecSql(db, pzErrMsg,
      "SELECT 'INSERT INTO vacuum_db.' || quote(name) "
      "|| ' SELECT * FROM main.' || quote(name) || ';'"
      "FROM main.sqlite_master "
      "WHERE type = 'table' AND name!='sqlite_sequence' "
      "  AND coalesce(rootpage,1)>0"
  );
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto end_of_vacuum;

  /* Copy over the sequence table
  */
  rc = execExecSql(db, pzErrMsg,
      "SELECT 'DELETE FROM vacuum_db.' || quote(name) || ';' "

Changes to src/vdbe.c.

810
811
812
813
814
815
816
817

818
819
820
821

822
823
824
825
826
827
828
829
830
831
832
833
834
835
836
837
838
839
840
841
842











843
844
845
846
847
848



849
850
851
852
853
854
855
...
862
863
864
865
866
867
868
869
870
871
872


















873
874
875
876
877
878
879
880



881
882
883
884
885
886
887
...
888
889
890
891
892
893
894

895
896
897
898
899
900
901
902
903

904
905
906
907
908
909
910
911
912
913
914
915

916
917
918
919
920
921
922
923
924
925
926
927
928

929
930
931
932
933
934
935
...
956
957
958
959
960
961
962

963
964
965
966
967
968
969
...
970
971
972
973
974
975
976

977
978
979
980
981
982
983
...
998
999
1000
1001
1002
1003
1004

1005
1006
1007
1008
1009
1010
1011
1012
1013
1014
1015
1016
1017

1018
1019
1020
1021
1022
1023
1024
....
1032
1033
1034
1035
1036
1037
1038

1039
1040
1041
1042
1043
1044
1045
....
1074
1075
1076
1077
1078
1079
1080

1081
1082
1083
1084
1085
1086
1087
....
1102
1103
1104
1105
1106
1107
1108

1109
1110
1111
1112
1113
1114
1115
1116
1117
1118
1119
1120
1121
1122
1123
1124
1125
1126
1127
1128
1129
1130
1131
1132

1133
1134
1135
1136
1137
1138
1139
....
1197
1198
1199
1200
1201
1202
1203

1204
1205
1206
1207
1208
1209
1210
....
1244
1245
1246
1247
1248
1249
1250

1251
1252
1253
1254
1255
1256

1257
1258
1259
1260
1261
1262
1263

1264
1265
1266
1267
1268
1269

1270
1271
1272
1273
1274
1275
1276

1277
1278
1279
1280
1281
1282
1283
....
1387
1388
1389
1390
1391
1392
1393

1394
1395
1396
1397
1398
1399
1400
....
1494
1495
1496
1497
1498
1499
1500

1501
1502
1503
1504
1505
1506

1507
1508
1509
1510
1511
1512

1513
1514
1515
1516
1517
1518
1519

1520
1521
1522
1523
1524
1525
1526
....
1572
1573
1574
1575
1576
1577
1578

1579
1580
1581
1582
1583
1584
1585
....
1730
1731
1732
1733
1734
1735
1736

1737
1738
1739
1740
1741
1742
1743
....
1764
1765
1766
1767
1768
1769
1770

1771
1772
1773
1774
1775
1776
1777
1778
1779
1780
1781
1782

1783
1784
1785
1786
1787
1788
1789
1790
1791
1792
1793
1794

1795
1796
1797
1798
1799
1800

1801
1802
1803
1804
1805
1806

1807
1808
1809
1810
1811
1812
1813
....
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996

1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
....
2042
2043
2044
2045
2046
2047
2048

2049
2050
2051
2052
2053
2054
2055
....
2059
2060
2061
2062
2063
2064
2065

2066
2067
2068
2069
2070
2071
2072
....
2123
2124
2125
2126
2127
2128
2129

2130
2131
2132
2133
2134
2135
2136
2137
2138
2139
2140
2141

2142
2143
2144
2145
2146
2147
2148
2149
2150
2151
2152
2153

2154
2155
2156
2157
2158
2159
2160
....
2247
2248
2249
2250
2251
2252
2253

2254
2255
2256
2257
2258
2259
2260
2261
2262
2263
2264
2265
2266
2267
2268
2269
2270
2271
2272
2273
2274
2275
2276
....
2483
2484
2485
2486
2487
2488
2489

2490
2491
2492
2493
2494
2495
2496
....
2509
2510
2511
2512
2513
2514
2515

2516
2517
2518
2519
2520
2521
2522
....
2641
2642
2643
2644
2645
2646
2647

2648
2649
2650
2651
2652
2653
2654
2655
2656
2657
2658
2659
2660
2661
2662
2663
2664
2665
2666
2667
2668
2669
....
3117
3118
3119
3120
3121
3122
3123

3124
3125
3126
3127
3128
3129
3130
....
3147
3148
3149
3150
3151
3152
3153

3154
3155
3156
3157
3158
3159
3160
....
3223
3224
3225
3226
3227
3228
3229
3230

3231
3232
3233
3234
3235
3236
3237
3238
....
3252
3253
3254
3255
3256
3257
3258

3259
3260
3261
3262
3263
3264
3265
3266
3267
3268
3269
3270
3271
3272
3273
3274
3275
3276
3277
3278
3279
3280
3281

3282
3283
3284
3285
3286
3287
3288
3289
3290


3291
3292
3293
3294
3295
3296
3297
3298
3299
3300
3301
3302
3303
3304
....
3306
3307
3308
3309
3310
3311
3312
3313
3314
3315
3316
3317
3318
3319
3320
3321
3322
3323
3324
3325
3326
3327
3328
3329
3330
3331
3332
3333
3334
3335
3336
3337
3338
3339
3340
3341
3342
3343
3344
3345
3346

3347
3348
3349
3350
3351
3352
3353

3354
3355
3356
3357
3358
3359
3360
....
3389
3390
3391
3392
3393
3394
3395

3396
3397
3398
3399
3400
3401
3402
3403
3404
3405
3406
3407
3408

3409
3410
3411
3412
3413
3414
3415
3416
3417
3418
3419
3420
3421

3422
3423
3424
3425
3426
3427
3428
3429
3430
3431
3432
3433
3434

3435
3436
3437
3438
3439
3440
3441
....
3460
3461
3462
3463
3464
3465
3466
3467
3468
3469
3470
3471
3472
3473
3474
....
3582
3583
3584
3585
3586
3587
3588
3589
3590
3591
3592
3593
3594
3595
3596
3597
3598
3599

3600
3601
3602
3603
3604
3605
3606
....
3607
3608
3609
3610
3611
3612
3613
3614
3615
3616
3617
3618
3619
3620
3621
3622
3623
3624
3625
3626

3627
3628
3629
3630
3631
3632
3633
3634


3635
3636

3637
3638
3639
3640
3641
3642
3643
3644
3645
3646
3647
3648
3649




















3650
3651
3652

3653
3654
3655
3656
3657
3658
3659
3660
3661
3662
3663
3664
3665
3666
3667
3668
3669
3670
3671
3672
3673
3674
3675
3676
3677



3678



3679
3680
3681
3682
3683
3684
3685
3686
3687
3688
3689
3690











3691
3692
3693
3694
3695
3696
3697
3698

3699

3700
3701
3702
3703
3704
3705
3706
3707
3708
3709
3710
3711


3712
3713
3714
3715
3716
3717
3718
3719
3720
3721
3722
3723
3724
3725
3726
3727
3728
3729
3730
3731
3732
3733
3734
3735
3736
3737
3738
3739
3740
3741
3742
3743
3744
3745
3746
3747
3748
3749
3750
3751
3752
3753
3754
3755
3756
3757
3758
3759
3760
3761
3762
3763
3764
3765
3766
3767
3768
3769
3770
3771
3772
3773
3774
3775
3776
3777
3778
3779
3780
3781
3782
3783
3784
3785
3786

3787
3788
3789
3790
3791
3792
3793
3794
3795
3796
3797
3798
3799
3800
3801
3802
3803


3804
3805
3806
3807
3808
3809
3810
3811
3812
3813
3814
3815
3816
3817
....
3819
3820
3821
3822
3823
3824
3825
3826
3827
3828
3829
3830
3831
3832
3833
3834
3835
3836
3837
3838
3839
3840
3841
3842
3843
3844
3845
3846
3847
3848
3849
3850
3851

3852
3853
3854
3855
3856
3857
3858
....
3860
3861
3862
3863
3864
3865
3866

3867
3868
3869
3870
3871
3872
3873
....
4009
4010
4011
4012
4013
4014
4015

4016
4017
4018
4019
4020
4021
4022
....
4048
4049
4050
4051
4052
4053
4054

4055
4056
4057
4058
4059
4060
4061
....
4062
4063
4064
4065
4066
4067
4068
4069
4070
4071
4072
4073
4074
4075
4076
4077
4078
4079
4080
4081
4082
4083
4084
4085
4086
....
4128
4129
4130
4131
4132
4133
4134
4135
4136
4137
4138
4139
4140
4141
4142
....
4239
4240
4241
4242
4243
4244
4245
4246

4247
4248

4249
4250
4251








4252
4253
4254
4255

4256
4257
4258

4259

4260
4261
4262
4263
4264
4265
4266
4267

4268
4269
4270
4271
4272
4273
4274
....
4275
4276
4277
4278
4279
4280
4281

4282
4283
4284
4285
4286
4287
4288
4289
4290
4291

4292
4293
4294
4295
4296
4297
4298
....
4353
4354
4355
4356
4357
4358
4359

4360
4361
4362
4363

4364
4365
4366
4367
4368
4369
4370
....
4442
4443
4444
4445
4446
4447
4448
4449
4450
4451
4452
4453
4454
4455
4456
4457
4458
....
4514
4515
4516
4517
4518
4519
4520
4521
4522
4523
4524
4525
4526
4527
4528
....
4584
4585
4586
4587
4588
4589
4590

4591
4592
4593
4594
4595
4596
4597
....
4609
4610
4611
4612
4613
4614
4615

4616
4617
4618
4619
4620
4621
4622
4623
....
4625
4626
4627
4628
4629
4630
4631
4632
4633
4634
4635
4636

4637
4638
4639
4640
4641
4642
4643
....
4647
4648
4649
4650
4651
4652
4653
4654

4655
4656
4657
4658
4659
4660
4661
4662
4663
4664
4665
4666
4667
4668
4669
4670
4671
4672

4673
4674
4675
4676
4677
4678
4679
....
4682
4683
4684
4685
4686
4687
4688

4689
4690
4691
4692
4693
4694
4695
4696
4697
4698
4699
4700
4701
4702
4703
4704
4705
4706
4707

4708
4709
4710
4711
4712
4713
4714
....
4715
4716
4717
4718
4719
4720
4721

4722
4723
4724
4725
4726
4727
4728
....
4736
4737
4738
4739
4740
4741
4742
4743
4744
4745
4746
4747
4748
4749
4750
....
4761
4762
4763
4764
4765
4766
4767
4768
4769
4770
4771
4772
4773
4774
4775
....
4867
4868
4869
4870
4871
4872
4873

4874
4875
4876
4877
4878
4879
4880
4881
4882
4883
4884
4885
4886

4887
4888
4889
4890
4891
4892
4893
....
5081
5082
5083
5084
5085
5086
5087

5088
5089
5090
5091
5092
5093
5094
....
5100
5101
5102
5103
5104
5105
5106

5107
5108
5109
5110
5111
5112
5113
....
5123
5124
5125
5126
5127
5128
5129

5130
5131
5132
5133
5134
5135
5136
....
5326
5327
5328
5329
5330
5331
5332

5333
5334
5335
5336
5337
5338
5339
....
5344
5345
5346
5347
5348
5349
5350

5351
5352
5353
5354
5355
5356
5357
....
5366
5367
5368
5369
5370
5371
5372

5373
5374
5375
5376
5377
5378
5379
....
5396
5397
5398
5399
5400
5401
5402

5403
5404
5405
5406
5407
5408
5409
....
5412
5413
5414
5415
5416
5417
5418

5419
5420
5421
5422
5423
5424
5425
....
5428
5429
5430
5431
5432
5433
5434

5435
5436
5437
5438
5439
5440
5441
....
5446
5447
5448
5449
5450
5451
5452

5453
5454
5455
5456
5457
5458
5459
....
5509
5510
5511
5512
5513
5514
5515

5516
5517
5518
5519
5520
5521
5522
....
5736
5737
5738
5739
5740
5741
5742

5743
5744
5745
5746
5747
5748
5749
....
5852
5853
5854
5855
5856
5857
5858

5859
5860
5861
5862
5863
5864
5865
....
5926
5927
5928
5929
5930
5931
5932

5933
5934
5935
5936
5937
5938
5939
....
6059
6060
6061
6062
6063
6064
6065

6066
6067
6068
6069
6070
6071
6072
  pcDest = (int)pIn1->u.i;
  pIn1->u.i = pc;
  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p1, pIn1);
  pc = pcDest;
  break;
}

/* Opcode:  HaltIfNull  P1 P2 P3 P4 *

**
** Check the value in register P3.  If it is NULL then Halt using
** parameter P1, P2, and P4 as if this were a Halt instruction.  If the
** value in register P3 is not NULL, then this routine is a no-op.

*/
case OP_HaltIfNull: {      /* in3 */
  pIn3 = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  if( (pIn3->flags & MEM_Null)==0 ) break;
  /* Fall through into OP_Halt */
}

/* Opcode:  Halt P1 P2 * P4 *
**
** Exit immediately.  All open cursors, etc are closed
** automatically.
**
** P1 is the result code returned by sqlite3_exec(), sqlite3_reset(),
** or sqlite3_finalize().  For a normal halt, this should be SQLITE_OK (0).
** For errors, it can be some other value.  If P1!=0 then P2 will determine
** whether or not to rollback the current transaction.  Do not rollback
** if P2==OE_Fail. Do the rollback if P2==OE_Rollback.  If P2==OE_Abort,
** then back out all changes that have occurred during this execution of the
** VDBE, but do not rollback the transaction. 
**
** If P4 is not null then it is an error message string.











**
** There is an implied "Halt 0 0 0" instruction inserted at the very end of
** every program.  So a jump past the last instruction of the program
** is the same as executing Halt.
*/
case OP_Halt: {



  if( pOp->p1==SQLITE_OK && p->pFrame ){
    /* Halt the sub-program. Return control to the parent frame. */
    VdbeFrame *pFrame = p->pFrame;
    p->pFrame = pFrame->pParent;
    p->nFrame--;
    sqlite3VdbeSetChanges(db, p->nChange);
    pc = sqlite3VdbeFrameRestore(pFrame);
................................................................................
      ** as the p2 of the calling OP_Program.  */
      pc = p->aOp[pc].p2-1;
    }
    aOp = p->aOp;
    aMem = p->aMem;
    break;
  }

  p->rc = pOp->p1;
  p->errorAction = (u8)pOp->p2;
  p->pc = pc;


















  if( pOp->p4.z ){
    assert( p->rc!=SQLITE_OK );
    sqlite3SetString(&p->zErrMsg, db, "%s", pOp->p4.z);
    testcase( sqlite3GlobalConfig.xLog!=0 );
    sqlite3_log(pOp->p1, "abort at %d in [%s]: %s", pc, p->zSql, pOp->p4.z);
  }else if( p->rc ){
    testcase( sqlite3GlobalConfig.xLog!=0 );
    sqlite3_log(pOp->p1, "constraint failed at %d in [%s]", pc, p->zSql);



  }
  rc = sqlite3VdbeHalt(p);
  assert( rc==SQLITE_BUSY || rc==SQLITE_OK || rc==SQLITE_ERROR );
  if( rc==SQLITE_BUSY ){
    p->rc = rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
  }else{
    assert( rc==SQLITE_OK || (p->rc&0xff)==SQLITE_CONSTRAINT );
................................................................................
    assert( rc==SQLITE_OK || db->nDeferredCons>0 || db->nDeferredImmCons>0 );
    rc = p->rc ? SQLITE_ERROR : SQLITE_DONE;
  }
  goto vdbe_return;
}

/* Opcode: Integer P1 P2 * * *

**
** The 32-bit integer value P1 is written into register P2.
*/
case OP_Integer: {         /* out2-prerelease */
  pOut->u.i = pOp->p1;
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Int64 * P2 * P4 *

**
** P4 is a pointer to a 64-bit integer value.
** Write that value into register P2.
*/
case OP_Int64: {           /* out2-prerelease */
  assert( pOp->p4.pI64!=0 );
  pOut->u.i = *pOp->p4.pI64;
  break;
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
/* Opcode: Real * P2 * P4 *

**
** P4 is a pointer to a 64-bit floating point value.
** Write that value into register P2.
*/
case OP_Real: {            /* same as TK_FLOAT, out2-prerelease */
  pOut->flags = MEM_Real;
  assert( !sqlite3IsNaN(*pOp->p4.pReal) );
  pOut->r = *pOp->p4.pReal;
  break;
}
#endif

/* Opcode: String8 * P2 * P4 *

**
** P4 points to a nul terminated UTF-8 string. This opcode is transformed 
** into an OP_String before it is executed for the first time.
*/
case OP_String8: {         /* same as TK_STRING, out2-prerelease */
  assert( pOp->p4.z!=0 );
  pOp->opcode = OP_String;
................................................................................
  if( pOp->p1>db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_LENGTH] ){
    goto too_big;
  }
  /* Fall through to the next case, OP_String */
}
  
/* Opcode: String P1 P2 * P4 *

**
** The string value P4 of length P1 (bytes) is stored in register P2.
*/
case OP_String: {          /* out2-prerelease */
  assert( pOp->p4.z!=0 );
  pOut->flags = MEM_Str|MEM_Static|MEM_Term;
  pOut->z = pOp->p4.z;
................................................................................
  pOut->n = pOp->p1;
  pOut->enc = encoding;
  UPDATE_MAX_BLOBSIZE(pOut);
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Null P1 P2 P3 * *

**
** Write a NULL into registers P2.  If P3 greater than P2, then also write
** NULL into register P3 and every register in between P2 and P3.  If P3
** is less than P2 (typically P3 is zero) then only register P2 is
** set to NULL.
**
** If the P1 value is non-zero, then also set the MEM_Cleared flag so that
................................................................................
    cnt--;
  }
  break;
}


/* Opcode: Blob P1 P2 * P4

**
** P4 points to a blob of data P1 bytes long.  Store this
** blob in register P2.
*/
case OP_Blob: {                /* out2-prerelease */
  assert( pOp->p1 <= SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH );
  sqlite3VdbeMemSetStr(pOut, pOp->p4.z, pOp->p1, 0, 0);
  pOut->enc = encoding;
  UPDATE_MAX_BLOBSIZE(pOut);
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Variable P1 P2 * P4 *

**
** Transfer the values of bound parameter P1 into register P2
**
** If the parameter is named, then its name appears in P4 and P3==1.
** The P4 value is used by sqlite3_bind_parameter_name().
*/
case OP_Variable: {            /* out2-prerelease */
................................................................................
  }
  sqlite3VdbeMemShallowCopy(pOut, pVar, MEM_Static);
  UPDATE_MAX_BLOBSIZE(pOut);
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Move P1 P2 P3 * *

**
** Move the values in register P1..P1+P3 over into
** registers P2..P2+P3.  Registers P1..P1+P3 are
** left holding a NULL.  It is an error for register ranges
** P1..P1+P3 and P2..P2+P3 to overlap.
*/
case OP_Move: {
................................................................................
    pIn1++;
    pOut++;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Copy P1 P2 P3 * *

**
** Make a copy of registers P1..P1+P3 into registers P2..P2+P3.
**
** This instruction makes a deep copy of the value.  A duplicate
** is made of any string or blob constant.  See also OP_SCopy.
*/
case OP_Copy: {
................................................................................
    pOut++;
    pIn1++;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: SCopy P1 P2 * * *

**
** Make a shallow copy of register P1 into register P2.
**
** This instruction makes a shallow copy of the value.  If the value
** is a string or blob, then the copy is only a pointer to the
** original and hence if the original changes so will the copy.
** Worse, if the original is deallocated, the copy becomes invalid.
** Thus the program must guarantee that the original will not change
** during the lifetime of the copy.  Use OP_Copy to make a complete
** copy.
*/
case OP_SCopy: {            /* in1, out2 */
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  pOut = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  assert( pOut!=pIn1 );
  sqlite3VdbeMemShallowCopy(pOut, pIn1, MEM_Ephem);
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  if( pOut->pScopyFrom==0 ) pOut->pScopyFrom = pIn1;
#endif
  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p2, pOut);
  break;
}

/* Opcode: ResultRow P1 P2 * * *

**
** The registers P1 through P1+P2-1 contain a single row of
** results. This opcode causes the sqlite3_step() call to terminate
** with an SQLITE_ROW return code and it sets up the sqlite3_stmt
** structure to provide access to the top P1 values as the result
** row.
*/
................................................................................
  */
  p->pc = pc + 1;
  rc = SQLITE_ROW;
  goto vdbe_return;
}

/* Opcode: Concat P1 P2 P3 * *

**
** Add the text in register P1 onto the end of the text in
** register P2 and store the result in register P3.
** If either the P1 or P2 text are NULL then store NULL in P3.
**
**   P3 = P2 || P1
**
................................................................................
  pOut->n = (int)nByte;
  pOut->enc = encoding;
  UPDATE_MAX_BLOBSIZE(pOut);
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Add P1 P2 P3 * *

**
** Add the value in register P1 to the value in register P2
** and store the result in register P3.
** If either input is NULL, the result is NULL.
*/
/* Opcode: Multiply P1 P2 P3 * *

**
**
** Multiply the value in register P1 by the value in register P2
** and store the result in register P3.
** If either input is NULL, the result is NULL.
*/
/* Opcode: Subtract P1 P2 P3 * *

**
** Subtract the value in register P1 from the value in register P2
** and store the result in register P3.
** If either input is NULL, the result is NULL.
*/
/* Opcode: Divide P1 P2 P3 * *

**
** Divide the value in register P1 by the value in register P2
** and store the result in register P3 (P3=P2/P1). If the value in 
** register P1 is zero, then the result is NULL. If either input is 
** NULL, the result is NULL.
*/
/* Opcode: Remainder P1 P2 P3 * *

**
** Compute the remainder after integer division of the value in
** register P1 by the value in register P2 and store the result in P3. 
** If the value in register P2 is zero the result is NULL.
** If either operand is NULL, the result is NULL.
*/
case OP_Add:                   /* same as TK_PLUS, in1, in2, out3 */
................................................................................
  if( pOp->p1 ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetInt64(&aMem[pOp->p1], 0);
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Function P1 P2 P3 P4 P5

**
** Invoke a user function (P4 is a pointer to a Function structure that
** defines the function) with P5 arguments taken from register P2 and
** successors.  The result of the function is stored in register P3.
** Register P3 must not be one of the function inputs.
**
** P1 is a 32-bit bitmask indicating whether or not each argument to the 
................................................................................

  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p3, pOut);
  UPDATE_MAX_BLOBSIZE(pOut);
  break;
}

/* Opcode: BitAnd P1 P2 P3 * *

**
** Take the bit-wise AND of the values in register P1 and P2 and
** store the result in register P3.
** If either input is NULL, the result is NULL.
*/
/* Opcode: BitOr P1 P2 P3 * *

**
** Take the bit-wise OR of the values in register P1 and P2 and
** store the result in register P3.
** If either input is NULL, the result is NULL.
*/
/* Opcode: ShiftLeft P1 P2 P3 * *

**
** Shift the integer value in register P2 to the left by the
** number of bits specified by the integer in register P1.
** Store the result in register P3.
** If either input is NULL, the result is NULL.
*/
/* Opcode: ShiftRight P1 P2 P3 * *

**
** Shift the integer value in register P2 to the right by the
** number of bits specified by the integer in register P1.
** Store the result in register P3.
** If either input is NULL, the result is NULL.
*/
case OP_BitAnd:                 /* same as TK_BITAND, in1, in2, out3 */
................................................................................
  }
  pOut->u.i = iA;
  MemSetTypeFlag(pOut, MEM_Int);
  break;
}

/* Opcode: AddImm  P1 P2 * * *

** 
** Add the constant P2 to the value in register P1.
** The result is always an integer.
**
** To force any register to be an integer, just add 0.
*/
case OP_AddImm: {            /* in1 */
................................................................................
    sqlite3VdbeMemRealify(pIn1);
  }
  break;
}
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_CAST) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT) */

/* Opcode: Lt P1 P2 P3 P4 P5

**
** Compare the values in register P1 and P3.  If reg(P3)<reg(P1) then
** jump to address P2.  
**
** If the SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL bit of P5 is set and either reg(P1) or
** reg(P3) is NULL then take the jump.  If the SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL 
** bit is clear then fall through if either operand is NULL.
................................................................................
** store a boolean result (either 0, or 1, or NULL) in register P2.
**
** If the SQLITE_NULLEQ bit is set in P5, then NULL values are considered
** equal to one another, provided that they do not have their MEM_Cleared
** bit set.
*/
/* Opcode: Ne P1 P2 P3 P4 P5

**
** This works just like the Lt opcode except that the jump is taken if
** the operands in registers P1 and P3 are not equal.  See the Lt opcode for
** additional information.
**
** If SQLITE_NULLEQ is set in P5 then the result of comparison is always either
** true or false and is never NULL.  If both operands are NULL then the result
** of comparison is false.  If either operand is NULL then the result is true.
** If neither operand is NULL the result is the same as it would be if
** the SQLITE_NULLEQ flag were omitted from P5.
*/
/* Opcode: Eq P1 P2 P3 P4 P5

**
** This works just like the Lt opcode except that the jump is taken if
** the operands in registers P1 and P3 are equal.
** See the Lt opcode for additional information.
**
** If SQLITE_NULLEQ is set in P5 then the result of comparison is always either
** true or false and is never NULL.  If both operands are NULL then the result
** of comparison is true.  If either operand is NULL then the result is false.
** If neither operand is NULL the result is the same as it would be if
** the SQLITE_NULLEQ flag were omitted from P5.
*/
/* Opcode: Le P1 P2 P3 P4 P5

**
** This works just like the Lt opcode except that the jump is taken if
** the content of register P3 is less than or equal to the content of
** register P1.  See the Lt opcode for additional information.
*/
/* Opcode: Gt P1 P2 P3 P4 P5

**
** This works just like the Lt opcode except that the jump is taken if
** the content of register P3 is greater than the content of
** register P1.  See the Lt opcode for additional information.
*/
/* Opcode: Ge P1 P2 P3 P4 P5

**
** This works just like the Lt opcode except that the jump is taken if
** the content of register P3 is greater than or equal to the content of
** register P1.  See the Lt opcode for additional information.
*/
case OP_Eq:               /* same as TK_EQ, jump, in1, in3 */
case OP_Ne:               /* same as TK_NE, jump, in1, in3 */
................................................................................
  }else{
    pc = pOp->p3 - 1;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: And P1 P2 P3 * *

**
** Take the logical AND of the values in registers P1 and P2 and
** write the result into register P3.
**
** If either P1 or P2 is 0 (false) then the result is 0 even if
** the other input is NULL.  A NULL and true or two NULLs give
** a NULL output.
*/
/* Opcode: Or P1 P2 P3 * *

**
** Take the logical OR of the values in register P1 and P2 and
** store the answer in register P3.
**
** If either P1 or P2 is nonzero (true) then the result is 1 (true)
** even if the other input is NULL.  A NULL and false or two NULLs
** give a NULL output.
................................................................................
    pOut->u.i = v1;
    MemSetTypeFlag(pOut, MEM_Int);
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Not P1 P2 * * *

**
** Interpret the value in register P1 as a boolean value.  Store the
** boolean complement in register P2.  If the value in register P1 is 
** NULL, then a NULL is stored in P2.
*/
case OP_Not: {                /* same as TK_NOT, in1, out2 */
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
................................................................................
  }else{
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetInt64(pOut, !sqlite3VdbeIntValue(pIn1));
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: BitNot P1 P2 * * *

**
** Interpret the content of register P1 as an integer.  Store the
** ones-complement of the P1 value into register P2.  If P1 holds
** a NULL then store a NULL in P2.
*/
case OP_BitNot: {             /* same as TK_BITNOT, in1, out2 */
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
................................................................................
  if( c ){
    pc = pOp->p2-1;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: IsNull P1 P2 * * *

**
** Jump to P2 if the value in register P1 is NULL.
*/
case OP_IsNull: {            /* same as TK_ISNULL, jump, in1 */
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  if( (pIn1->flags & MEM_Null)!=0 ){
    pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: NotNull P1 P2 * * *

**
** Jump to P2 if the value in register P1 is not NULL.  
*/
case OP_NotNull: {            /* same as TK_NOTNULL, jump, in1 */
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  if( (pIn1->flags & MEM_Null)==0 ){
    pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Column P1 P2 P3 P4 P5

**
** Interpret the data that cursor P1 points to as a structure built using
** the MakeRecord instruction.  (See the MakeRecord opcode for additional
** information about the format of the data.)  Extract the P2-th column
** from this record.  If there are less that (P2+1) 
** values in the record, extract a NULL.
**
................................................................................
      assert( (payloadSize64 & SQLITE_MAX_U32)==(u64)payloadSize64 );
      payloadSize = (u32)payloadSize64;
    }else{
      assert( sqlite3BtreeCursorIsValid(pCrsr) );
      VVA_ONLY(rc =) sqlite3BtreeDataSize(pCrsr, &payloadSize);
      assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );   /* DataSize() cannot fail */
    }

  }else if( ALWAYS(pC->pseudoTableReg>0) ){
    pReg = &aMem[pC->pseudoTableReg];
    if( pC->multiPseudo ){
      sqlite3VdbeMemShallowCopy(pDest, pReg+p2, MEM_Ephem);
      Deephemeralize(pDest);
      goto op_column_out;
    }
    assert( pReg->flags & MEM_Blob );
    assert( memIsValid(pReg) );
    payloadSize = pReg->n;
    zRec = pReg->z;
    pC->cacheStatus = (pOp->p5&OPFLAG_CLEARCACHE) ? CACHE_STALE : p->cacheCtr;
    assert( payloadSize==0 || zRec!=0 );
  }else{
    /* Consider the row to be NULL */
    payloadSize = 0;
  }

  /* If payloadSize is 0, then just store a NULL.  This can happen because of
  ** nullRow or because of a corrupt database. */
  if( payloadSize==0 ){
    MemSetTypeFlag(pDest, MEM_Null);
    goto op_column_out;
................................................................................
op_column_out:
  UPDATE_MAX_BLOBSIZE(pDest);
  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p3, pDest);
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Affinity P1 P2 * P4 *

**
** Apply affinities to a range of P2 registers starting with P1.
**
** P4 is a string that is P2 characters long. The nth character of the
** string indicates the column affinity that should be used for the nth
** memory cell in the range.
*/
................................................................................
    applyAffinity(pIn1, cAff, encoding);
    pIn1++;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: MakeRecord P1 P2 P3 P4 *

**
** Convert P2 registers beginning with P1 into the [record format]
** use as a data record in a database table or as a key
** in an index.  The OP_Column opcode can decode the record later.
**
** P4 may be a string that is P2 characters long.  The nth character of the
** string indicates the column affinity that should be used for the nth
................................................................................
  pOut->enc = SQLITE_UTF8;  /* In case the blob is ever converted to text */
  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p3, pOut);
  UPDATE_MAX_BLOBSIZE(pOut);
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Count P1 P2 * * *

**
** Store the number of entries (an integer value) in the table or index 
** opened by cursor P1 in register P2
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BTREECOUNT
case OP_Count: {         /* out2-prerelease */
  i64 nEntry;
  BtCursor *pCrsr;

  pCrsr = p->apCsr[pOp->p1]->pCursor;
  if( ALWAYS(pCrsr) ){
    rc = sqlite3BtreeCount(pCrsr, &nEntry);
  }else{
    nEntry = 0;
  }
  pOut->u.i = nEntry;
  break;
}
#endif

/* Opcode: Savepoint P1 * * P4 *
**
................................................................................
    p->expired = 1;
    rc = SQLITE_SCHEMA;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: OpenRead P1 P2 P3 P4 P5

**
** Open a read-only cursor for the database table whose root page is
** P2 in a database file.  The database file is determined by P3. 
** P3==0 means the main database, P3==1 means the database used for 
** temporary tables, and P3>1 means used the corresponding attached
** database.  Give the new cursor an identifier of P1.  The P1
** values need not be contiguous but all P1 values should be small integers.
................................................................................
** structure, then said structure defines the content and collating 
** sequence of the index being opened. Otherwise, if P4 is an integer 
** value, it is set to the number of columns in the table.
**
** See also OpenWrite.
*/
/* Opcode: OpenWrite P1 P2 P3 P4 P5

**
** Open a read/write cursor named P1 on the table or index whose root
** page is P2.  Or if P5!=0 use the content of register P2 to find the
** root page.
**
** The P4 value may be either an integer (P4_INT32) or a pointer to
** a KeyInfo structure (P4_KEYINFO). If it is a pointer to a KeyInfo 
................................................................................
    if( NEVER(p2<2) ) {
      rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
      goto abort_due_to_error;
    }
  }
  if( pOp->p4type==P4_KEYINFO ){
    pKeyInfo = pOp->p4.pKeyInfo;
    pKeyInfo->enc = ENC(p->db);

    nField = pKeyInfo->nField+1;
  }else if( pOp->p4type==P4_INT32 ){
    nField = pOp->p4.i;
  }
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 );
  pCur = allocateCursor(p, pOp->p1, nField, iDb, 1);
  if( pCur==0 ) goto no_mem;
  pCur->nullRow = 1;
................................................................................
  ** since moved into the btree layer.  */  
  pCur->isTable = pOp->p4type!=P4_KEYINFO;
  pCur->isIndex = !pCur->isTable;
  break;
}

/* Opcode: OpenEphemeral P1 P2 * P4 P5

**
** Open a new cursor P1 to a transient table.
** The cursor is always opened read/write even if 
** the main database is read-only.  The ephemeral
** table is deleted automatically when the cursor is closed.
**
** P2 is the number of columns in the ephemeral table.
** The cursor points to a BTree table if P4==0 and to a BTree index
** if P4 is not 0.  If P4 is not NULL, it points to a KeyInfo structure
** that defines the format of keys in the index.
**
** This opcode was once called OpenTemp.  But that created
** confusion because the term "temp table", might refer either
** to a TEMP table at the SQL level, or to a table opened by
** this opcode.  Then this opcode was call OpenVirtual.  But
** that created confusion with the whole virtual-table idea.
**
** The P5 parameter can be a mask of the BTREE_* flags defined
** in btree.h.  These flags control aspects of the operation of
** the btree.  The BTREE_OMIT_JOURNAL and BTREE_SINGLE flags are
** added automatically.
*/
/* Opcode: OpenAutoindex P1 P2 * P4 *

**
** This opcode works the same as OP_OpenEphemeral.  It has a
** different name to distinguish its use.  Tables created using
** by this opcode will be used for automatically created transient
** indices in joins.
*/
case OP_OpenAutoindex: 
case OP_OpenEphemeral: {
  VdbeCursor *pCx;


  static const int vfsFlags = 
      SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE |
      SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE |
      SQLITE_OPEN_EXCLUSIVE |
      SQLITE_OPEN_DELETEONCLOSE |
      SQLITE_OPEN_TRANSIENT_DB;

  assert( pOp->p1>=0 );
  pCx = allocateCursor(p, pOp->p1, pOp->p2, -1, 1);
  if( pCx==0 ) goto no_mem;
  pCx->nullRow = 1;
  rc = sqlite3BtreeOpen(db->pVfs, 0, db, &pCx->pBt, 
                        BTREE_OMIT_JOURNAL | BTREE_SINGLE | pOp->p5, vfsFlags);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
................................................................................
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    /* If a transient index is required, create it by calling
    ** sqlite3BtreeCreateTable() with the BTREE_BLOBKEY flag before
    ** opening it. If a transient table is required, just use the
    ** automatically created table with root-page 1 (an BLOB_INTKEY table).
    */
    if( pOp->p4.pKeyInfo ){
      int pgno;
      assert( pOp->p4type==P4_KEYINFO );
      rc = sqlite3BtreeCreateTable(pCx->pBt, &pgno, BTREE_BLOBKEY | pOp->p5); 
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        assert( pgno==MASTER_ROOT+1 );
        rc = sqlite3BtreeCursor(pCx->pBt, pgno, 1, 
                                (KeyInfo*)pOp->p4.z, pCx->pCursor);
        pCx->pKeyInfo = pOp->p4.pKeyInfo;
        pCx->pKeyInfo->enc = ENC(p->db);
      }
      pCx->isTable = 0;
    }else{
      rc = sqlite3BtreeCursor(pCx->pBt, MASTER_ROOT, 1, 0, pCx->pCursor);
      pCx->isTable = 1;
    }
  }
  pCx->isOrdered = (pOp->p5!=BTREE_UNORDERED);
  pCx->isIndex = !pCx->isTable;
  break;
}

/* Opcode: SorterOpen P1 P2 * P4 *
**
** This opcode works like OP_OpenEphemeral except that it opens
** a transient index that is specifically designed to sort large
** tables using an external merge-sort algorithm.
*/
case OP_SorterOpen: {
  VdbeCursor *pCx;

  pCx = allocateCursor(p, pOp->p1, pOp->p2, -1, 1);
  if( pCx==0 ) goto no_mem;
  pCx->pKeyInfo = pOp->p4.pKeyInfo;

  pCx->pKeyInfo->enc = ENC(p->db);
  pCx->isSorter = 1;
  rc = sqlite3VdbeSorterInit(db, pCx);
  break;
}

/* Opcode: OpenPseudo P1 P2 P3 * P5

**
** Open a new cursor that points to a fake table that contains a single
** row of data.  The content of that one row in the content of memory
** register P2 when P5==0.  In other words, cursor P1 becomes an alias for the 
** MEM_Blob content contained in register P2.  When P5==1, then the
** row is represented by P3 consecutive registers beginning with P2.
**
................................................................................
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  sqlite3VdbeFreeCursor(p, p->apCsr[pOp->p1]);
  p->apCsr[pOp->p1] = 0;
  break;
}

/* Opcode: SeekGe P1 P2 P3 P4 *

**
** If cursor P1 refers to an SQL table (B-Tree that uses integer keys), 
** use the value in register P3 as the key.  If cursor P1 refers 
** to an SQL index, then P3 is the first in an array of P4 registers 
** that are used as an unpacked index key. 
**
** Reposition cursor P1 so that  it points to the smallest entry that 
** is greater than or equal to the key value. If there are no records 
** greater than or equal to the key and P2 is not zero, then jump to P2.
**
** See also: Found, NotFound, Distinct, SeekLt, SeekGt, SeekLe
*/
/* Opcode: SeekGt P1 P2 P3 P4 *

**
** If cursor P1 refers to an SQL table (B-Tree that uses integer keys), 
** use the value in register P3 as a key. If cursor P1 refers 
** to an SQL index, then P3 is the first in an array of P4 registers 
** that are used as an unpacked index key. 
**
** Reposition cursor P1 so that  it points to the smallest entry that 
** is greater than the key value. If there are no records greater than 
** the key and P2 is not zero, then jump to P2.
**
** See also: Found, NotFound, Distinct, SeekLt, SeekGe, SeekLe
*/
/* Opcode: SeekLt P1 P2 P3 P4 * 

**
** If cursor P1 refers to an SQL table (B-Tree that uses integer keys), 
** use the value in register P3 as a key. If cursor P1 refers 
** to an SQL index, then P3 is the first in an array of P4 registers 
** that are used as an unpacked index key. 
**
** Reposition cursor P1 so that  it points to the largest entry that 
** is less than the key value. If there are no records less than 
** the key and P2 is not zero, then jump to P2.
**
** See also: Found, NotFound, Distinct, SeekGt, SeekGe, SeekLe
*/
/* Opcode: SeekLe P1 P2 P3 P4 *

**
** If cursor P1 refers to an SQL table (B-Tree that uses integer keys), 
** use the value in register P3 as a key. If cursor P1 refers 
** to an SQL index, then P3 is the first in an array of P4 registers 
** that are used as an unpacked index key. 
**
** Reposition cursor P1 so that it points to the largest entry that 
................................................................................
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  assert( pC->pseudoTableReg==0 );
  assert( OP_SeekLe == OP_SeekLt+1 );
  assert( OP_SeekGe == OP_SeekLt+2 );
  assert( OP_SeekGt == OP_SeekLt+3 );
  assert( pC->isOrdered );
  if( ALWAYS(pC->pCursor!=0) ){
    oc = pOp->opcode;
    pC->nullRow = 0;
    if( pC->isTable ){
      /* The input value in P3 might be of any type: integer, real, string,
      ** blob, or NULL.  But it needs to be an integer before we can do
      ** the seek, so covert it. */
      pIn3 = &aMem[pOp->p3];
................................................................................
        res = sqlite3BtreeEof(pC->pCursor);
      }
    }
    assert( pOp->p2>0 );
    if( res ){
      pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
    }
  }else{
    /* This happens when attempting to open the sqlite3_master table
    ** for read access returns SQLITE_EMPTY. In this case always
    ** take the jump (since there are no records in the table).
    */
    pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Seek P1 P2 * * *

**
** P1 is an open table cursor and P2 is a rowid integer.  Arrange
** for P1 to move so that it points to the rowid given by P2.
**
** This is actually a deferred seek.  Nothing actually happens until
** the cursor is used to read a record.  That way, if no reads
** occur, no unnecessary I/O happens.
................................................................................
*/
case OP_Seek: {    /* in2 */
  VdbeCursor *pC;

  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  if( ALWAYS(pC->pCursor!=0) ){
    assert( pC->isTable );
    pC->nullRow = 0;
    pIn2 = &aMem[pOp->p2];
    pC->movetoTarget = sqlite3VdbeIntValue(pIn2);
    pC->rowidIsValid = 0;
    pC->deferredMoveto = 1;
  }
  break;
}
  

/* Opcode: Found P1 P2 P3 P4 *

**
** If P4==0 then register P3 holds a blob constructed by MakeRecord.  If
** P4>0 then register P3 is the first of P4 registers that form an unpacked
** record.
**
** Cursor P1 is on an index btree.  If the record identified by P3 and P4
** is a prefix of any entry in P1 then a jump is made to P2 and
** P1 is left pointing at the matching entry.


*/
/* Opcode: NotFound P1 P2 P3 P4 *

**
** If P4==0 then register P3 holds a blob constructed by MakeRecord.  If
** P4>0 then register P3 is the first of P4 registers that form an unpacked
** record.
** 
** Cursor P1 is on an index btree.  If the record identified by P3 and P4
** is not the prefix of any entry in P1 then a jump is made to P2.  If P1 
** does contain an entry whose prefix matches the P3/P4 record then control
** falls through to the next instruction and P1 is left pointing at the
** matching entry.
**
** See also: Found, NotExists, IsUnique
*/




















case OP_NotFound:       /* jump, in3 */
case OP_Found: {        /* jump, in3 */
  int alreadyExists;

  VdbeCursor *pC;
  int res;
  char *pFree;
  UnpackedRecord *pIdxKey;
  UnpackedRecord r;
  char aTempRec[ROUND8(sizeof(UnpackedRecord)) + sizeof(Mem)*3 + 7];

#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
  sqlite3_found_count++;
#endif

  alreadyExists = 0;
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_INT32 );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  pIn3 = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  if( ALWAYS(pC->pCursor!=0) ){

    assert( pC->isTable==0 );
    if( pOp->p4.i>0 ){
      r.pKeyInfo = pC->pKeyInfo;
      r.nField = (u16)pOp->p4.i;
      r.aMem = pIn3;
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG



      { int i; for(i=0; i<r.nField; i++) assert( memIsValid(&r.aMem[i]) ); }



#endif
      r.flags = UNPACKED_PREFIX_MATCH;
      pIdxKey = &r;
    }else{
      pIdxKey = sqlite3VdbeAllocUnpackedRecord(
          pC->pKeyInfo, aTempRec, sizeof(aTempRec), &pFree
      ); 
      if( pIdxKey==0 ) goto no_mem;
      assert( pIn3->flags & MEM_Blob );
      assert( (pIn3->flags & MEM_Zero)==0 );  /* zeroblobs already expanded */
      sqlite3VdbeRecordUnpack(pC->pKeyInfo, pIn3->n, pIn3->z, pIdxKey);
      pIdxKey->flags |= UNPACKED_PREFIX_MATCH;











    }
    rc = sqlite3BtreeMovetoUnpacked(pC->pCursor, pIdxKey, 0, 0, &res);
    if( pOp->p4.i==0 ){
      sqlite3DbFree(db, pFree);
    }
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      break;
    }

    alreadyExists = (res==0);

    pC->deferredMoveto = 0;
    pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
  }
  if( pOp->opcode==OP_Found ){
    if( alreadyExists ) pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  }else{
    if( !alreadyExists ) pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: IsUnique P1 P2 P3 P4 *


**
** Cursor P1 is open on an index b-tree - that is to say, a btree which
** no data and where the key are records generated by OP_MakeRecord with
** the list field being the integer ROWID of the entry that the index
** entry refers to.
**
** The P3 register contains an integer record number. Call this record 
** number R. Register P4 is the first in a set of N contiguous registers
** that make up an unpacked index key that can be used with cursor P1.
** The value of N can be inferred from the cursor. N includes the rowid
** value appended to the end of the index record. This rowid value may
** or may not be the same as R.
**
** If any of the N registers beginning with register P4 contains a NULL
** value, jump immediately to P2.
**
** Otherwise, this instruction checks if cursor P1 contains an entry
** where the first (N-1) fields match but the rowid value at the end
** of the index entry is not R. If there is no such entry, control jumps
** to instruction P2. Otherwise, the rowid of the conflicting index
** entry is copied to register P3 and control falls through to the next
** instruction.
**
** See also: NotFound, NotExists, Found
*/
case OP_IsUnique: {        /* jump, in3 */
  u16 ii;
  VdbeCursor *pCx;
  BtCursor *pCrsr;
  u16 nField;
  Mem *aMx;
  UnpackedRecord r;                  /* B-Tree index search key */
  i64 R;                             /* Rowid stored in register P3 */

  pIn3 = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  aMx = &aMem[pOp->p4.i];
  /* Assert that the values of parameters P1 and P4 are in range. */
  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_INT32 );
  assert( pOp->p4.i>0 && pOp->p4.i<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );

  /* Find the index cursor. */
  pCx = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pCx->deferredMoveto==0 );
  pCx->seekResult = 0;
  pCx->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
  pCrsr = pCx->pCursor;

  /* If any of the values are NULL, take the jump. */
  nField = pCx->pKeyInfo->nField;
  for(ii=0; ii<nField; ii++){
    if( aMx[ii].flags & MEM_Null ){
      pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
      pCrsr = 0;
      break;
    }
  }
  assert( (aMx[nField].flags & MEM_Null)==0 );

  if( pCrsr!=0 ){
    /* Populate the index search key. */
    r.pKeyInfo = pCx->pKeyInfo;
    r.nField = nField + 1;
    r.flags = UNPACKED_PREFIX_SEARCH;
    r.aMem = aMx;
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    { int i; for(i=0; i<r.nField; i++) assert( memIsValid(&r.aMem[i]) ); }
#endif

    /* Extract the value of R from register P3. */
    sqlite3VdbeMemIntegerify(pIn3);
    R = pIn3->u.i;

    /* Search the B-Tree index. If no conflicting record is found, jump
    ** to P2. Otherwise, copy the rowid of the conflicting record to

    ** register P3 and fall through to the next instruction.  */
    rc = sqlite3BtreeMovetoUnpacked(pCrsr, &r, 0, 0, &pCx->seekResult);
    if( (r.flags & UNPACKED_PREFIX_SEARCH) || r.rowid==R ){
      pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
    }else{
      pIn3->u.i = r.rowid;
    }
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: NotExists P1 P2 P3 * *
**
** Use the content of register P3 as an integer key.  If a record 
** with that key does not exist in table of P1, then jump to P2. 
** If the record does exist, then fall through.  The cursor is left 
** pointing to the record if it exists.


**
** The difference between this operation and NotFound is that this
** operation assumes the key is an integer and that P1 is a table whereas
** NotFound assumes key is a blob constructed from MakeRecord and
** P1 is an index.
**
** See also: Found, NotFound, IsUnique
*/
case OP_NotExists: {        /* jump, in3 */
  VdbeCursor *pC;
  BtCursor *pCrsr;
  int res;
  u64 iKey;

................................................................................
  assert( pIn3->flags & MEM_Int );
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  assert( pC->isTable );
  assert( pC->pseudoTableReg==0 );
  pCrsr = pC->pCursor;
  if( ALWAYS(pCrsr!=0) ){
    res = 0;
    iKey = pIn3->u.i;
    rc = sqlite3BtreeMovetoUnpacked(pCrsr, 0, iKey, 0, &res);
    pC->lastRowid = pIn3->u.i;
    pC->rowidIsValid = res==0 ?1:0;
    pC->nullRow = 0;
    pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
    pC->deferredMoveto = 0;
    if( res!=0 ){
      pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
      assert( pC->rowidIsValid==0 );
    }
    pC->seekResult = res;
  }else{
    /* This happens when an attempt to open a read cursor on the 
    ** sqlite_master table returns SQLITE_EMPTY.
    */
    pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
    assert( pC->rowidIsValid==0 );
    pC->seekResult = 0;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Sequence P1 P2 * * *

**
** Find the next available sequence number for cursor P1.
** Write the sequence number into register P2.
** The sequence number on the cursor is incremented after this
** instruction.  
*/
case OP_Sequence: {           /* out2-prerelease */
................................................................................
  assert( p->apCsr[pOp->p1]!=0 );
  pOut->u.i = p->apCsr[pOp->p1]->seqCount++;
  break;
}


/* Opcode: NewRowid P1 P2 P3 * *

**
** Get a new integer record number (a.k.a "rowid") used as the key to a table.
** The record number is not previously used as a key in the database
** table that cursor P1 points to.  The new record number is written
** written to register P2.
**
** If P3>0 then P3 is a register in the root frame of this VDBE that holds 
................................................................................
    pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
  }
  pOut->u.i = v;
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Insert P1 P2 P3 P4 P5

**
** Write an entry into the table of cursor P1.  A new entry is
** created if it doesn't already exist or the data for an existing
** entry is overwritten.  The data is the value MEM_Blob stored in register
** number P2. The key is stored in register P3. The key must
** be a MEM_Int.
**
................................................................................
** value of register P2 will then change.  Make sure this does not
** cause any problems.)
**
** This instruction only works on tables.  The equivalent instruction
** for indices is OP_IdxInsert.
*/
/* Opcode: InsertInt P1 P2 P3 P4 P5

**
** This works exactly like OP_Insert except that the key is the
** integer value P3, not the value of the integer stored in register P3.
*/
case OP_Insert: 
case OP_InsertInt: {
  Mem *pData;       /* MEM cell holding data for the record to be inserted */
................................................................................
  Mem *pKey;        /* MEM cell holding key  for the record */
  i64 iKey;         /* The integer ROWID or key for the record to be inserted */
  VdbeCursor *pC;   /* Cursor to table into which insert is written */
  int nZero;        /* Number of zero-bytes to append */
  int seekResult;   /* Result of prior seek or 0 if no USESEEKRESULT flag */
  const char *zDb;  /* database name - used by the update hook */
  Table *pTab;      /* Table structure - used by update and pre-update hooks */
  int op;           /* Opcode for update hook: SQLITE_UPDATE or SQLITE_INSERT */

  pData = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  assert( memIsValid(pData) );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  assert( pC->pCursor!=0 );
  assert( pC->pseudoTableReg==0 );
  assert( pC->isTable );
  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_TABLE || pOp->p4type==P4_NOTUSED );
  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p2, pData);

  if( pOp->opcode==OP_Insert ){
    pKey = &aMem[pOp->p3];
    assert( pKey->flags & MEM_Int );
    assert( memIsValid(pKey) );
    REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p3, pKey);
................................................................................
                          pOp->p5 & OPFLAG_APPEND, seekResult
  );
  pC->rowidIsValid = 0;
  pC->deferredMoveto = 0;
  pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;

  /* Invoke the update-hook if required. */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && db->xUpdateCallback && pOp->p4.z ){
    db->xUpdateCallback(db->pUpdateArg, op, zDb, pTab->zName, iKey);
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Delete P1 P2 P3 P4 *
**
................................................................................
*/
case OP_ResetCount: {
  sqlite3VdbeSetChanges(db, p->nChange);
  p->nChange = 0;
  break;
}

/* Opcode: SorterCompare P1 P2 P3

**
** P1 is a sorter cursor. This instruction compares the record blob in 

** register P3 with the entry that the sorter cursor currently points to.
** If, excluding the rowid fields at the end, the two records are a match,
** fall through to the next instruction. Otherwise, jump to instruction P2.








*/
case OP_SorterCompare: {
  VdbeCursor *pC;
  int res;


  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( isSorter(pC) );

  pIn3 = &aMem[pOp->p3];

  rc = sqlite3VdbeSorterCompare(pC, pIn3, &res);
  if( res ){
    pc = pOp->p2-1;
  }
  break;
};

/* Opcode: SorterData P1 P2 * * *

**
** Write into register P2 the current sorter data for sorter cursor P1.
*/
case OP_SorterData: {
  VdbeCursor *pC;

  pOut = &aMem[pOp->p2];
................................................................................
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC->isSorter );
  rc = sqlite3VdbeSorterRowkey(pC, pOut);
  break;
}

/* Opcode: RowData P1 P2 * * *

**
** Write into register P2 the complete row data for cursor P1.
** There is no interpretation of the data.  
** It is just copied onto the P2 register exactly as 
** it is found in the database file.
**
** If the P1 cursor must be pointing to a valid row (not a NULL row)
** of a real table, not a pseudo-table.
*/
/* Opcode: RowKey P1 P2 * * *

**
** Write into register P2 the complete row key for cursor P1.
** There is no interpretation of the data.  
** The key is copied onto the P3 register exactly as 
** it is found in the database file.
**
** If the P1 cursor must be pointing to a valid row (not a NULL row)
................................................................................
  if( pC->isIndex ){
    rc = sqlite3BtreeKey(pCrsr, 0, n, pOut->z);
  }else{
    rc = sqlite3BtreeData(pCrsr, 0, n, pOut->z);
  }
  pOut->enc = SQLITE_UTF8;  /* In case the blob is ever cast to text */
  UPDATE_MAX_BLOBSIZE(pOut);

  break;
}

/* Opcode: Rowid P1 P2 * * *

**
** Store in register P2 an integer which is the key of the table entry that
** P1 is currently point to.
**
** P1 can be either an ordinary table or a virtual table.  There used to
** be a separate OP_VRowid opcode for use with virtual tables, but this
** one opcode now works for both table types.
................................................................................
  int res;

  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  pCrsr = pC->pCursor;
  res = 0;
  if( ALWAYS(pCrsr!=0) ){
    rc = sqlite3BtreeLast(pCrsr, &res);
  }
  pC->nullRow = (u8)res;
  pC->deferredMoveto = 0;
  pC->rowidIsValid = 0;
  pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
  if( pOp->p2>0 && res ){
    pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  }
................................................................................
  assert( pOp->p2>0 && pOp->p2<p->nOp );
  if( res ){
    pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Next P1 P2 * P4 P5
**
** Advance cursor P1 so that it points to the next key/data pair in its
** table or index.  If there are no more key/value pairs then fall through
** to the following instruction.  But if the cursor advance was successful,
** jump immediately to P2.
**
** The P1 cursor must be for a real table, not a pseudo-table.
................................................................................
#endif
  }
  pC->rowidIsValid = 0;
  goto check_for_interrupt;
}

/* Opcode: IdxInsert P1 P2 P3 * P5

**
** Register P2 holds an SQL index key made using the
** MakeRecord instructions.  This opcode writes that key
** into the index P1.  Data for the entry is nil.
**
** P3 is a flag that provides a hint to the b-tree layer that this
** insert is likely to be an append.
................................................................................
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  assert( pC->isSorter==(pOp->opcode==OP_SorterInsert) );
  pIn2 = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  assert( pIn2->flags & MEM_Blob );
  pCrsr = pC->pCursor;

  if( ALWAYS(pCrsr!=0) ){
    assert( pC->isTable==0 );
    rc = ExpandBlob(pIn2);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      if( isSorter(pC) ){
        rc = sqlite3VdbeSorterWrite(db, pC, pIn2);
      }else{
        nKey = pIn2->n;
................................................................................
        rc = sqlite3BtreeInsert(pCrsr, zKey, nKey, "", 0, 0, pOp->p3, 
            ((pOp->p5 & OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT) ? pC->seekResult : 0)
            );
        assert( pC->deferredMoveto==0 );
        pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
      }
    }
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: IdxDelete P1 P2 P3 * *

**
** The content of P3 registers starting at register P2 form
** an unpacked index key. This opcode removes that entry from the 
** index opened by cursor P1.
*/
case OP_IdxDelete: {
  VdbeCursor *pC;
................................................................................

  assert( pOp->p3>0 );
  assert( pOp->p2>0 && pOp->p2+pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor)+1 );
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  pCrsr = pC->pCursor;
  if( ALWAYS(pCrsr!=0) ){

    r.pKeyInfo = pC->pKeyInfo;
    r.nField = (u16)pOp->p3;
    r.flags = 0;
    r.aMem = &aMem[pOp->p2];
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    { int i; for(i=0; i<r.nField; i++) assert( memIsValid(&r.aMem[i]) ); }
#endif
    rc = sqlite3BtreeMovetoUnpacked(pCrsr, &r, 0, 0, &res);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && res==0 ){
      rc = sqlite3BtreeDelete(pCrsr);
    }
    assert( pC->deferredMoveto==0 );
    pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: IdxRowid P1 P2 * * *

**
** Write into register P2 an integer which is the last entry in the record at
** the end of the index key pointed to by cursor P1.  This integer should be
** the rowid of the table entry to which this index entry points.
**
** See also: Rowid, MakeRecord.
*/
................................................................................
  VdbeCursor *pC;
  i64 rowid;

  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  pCrsr = pC->pCursor;

  pOut->flags = MEM_Null;
  if( ALWAYS(pCrsr!=0) ){
    rc = sqlite3VdbeCursorMoveto(pC);
    if( NEVER(rc) ) goto abort_due_to_error;
    assert( pC->deferredMoveto==0 );
    assert( pC->isTable==0 );
    if( !pC->nullRow ){
      rc = sqlite3VdbeIdxRowid(db, pCrsr, &rowid);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        goto abort_due_to_error;
      }
      pOut->u.i = rowid;
      pOut->flags = MEM_Int;
    }
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: IdxGE P1 P2 P3 P4 P5

**
** The P4 register values beginning with P3 form an unpacked index 
** key that omits the ROWID.  Compare this key value against the index 
** that P1 is currently pointing to, ignoring the ROWID on the P1 index.
**
** If the P1 index entry is greater than or equal to the key value
** then jump to P2.  Otherwise fall through to the next instruction.
................................................................................
**
** If P5 is non-zero then the key value is increased by an epsilon 
** prior to the comparison.  This make the opcode work like IdxGT except
** that if the key from register P3 is a prefix of the key in the cursor,
** the result is false whereas it would be true with IdxGT.
*/
/* Opcode: IdxLT P1 P2 P3 P4 P5

**
** The P4 register values beginning with P3 form an unpacked index 
** key that omits the ROWID.  Compare this key value against the index 
** that P1 is currently pointing to, ignoring the ROWID on the P1 index.
**
** If the P1 index entry is less than the key value then jump to P2.
** Otherwise fall through to the next instruction.
................................................................................
  int res;
  UnpackedRecord r;

  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  assert( pC->isOrdered );
  if( ALWAYS(pC->pCursor!=0) ){
    assert( pC->deferredMoveto==0 );
    assert( pOp->p5==0 || pOp->p5==1 );
    assert( pOp->p4type==P4_INT32 );
    r.pKeyInfo = pC->pKeyInfo;
    r.nField = (u16)pOp->p4.i;
    if( pOp->p5 ){
      r.flags = UNPACKED_INCRKEY | UNPACKED_PREFIX_MATCH;
................................................................................
    }else{
      assert( pOp->opcode==OP_IdxGE );
      res++;
    }
    if( res>0 ){
      pc = pOp->p2 - 1 ;
    }
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Destroy P1 P2 P3 * *
**
** Delete an entire database table or index whose root page in the database
** file is given by P1.
................................................................................
      aMem[pOp->p3].u.i += nChange;
    }
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: CreateTable P1 P2 * * *

**
** Allocate a new table in the main database file if P1==0 or in the
** auxiliary database file if P1==1 or in an attached database if
** P1>1.  Write the root page number of the new table into
** register P2
**
** The difference between a table and an index is this:  A table must
** have a 4-byte integer key and can have arbitrary data.  An index
** has an arbitrary key but no data.
**
** See also: CreateIndex
*/
/* Opcode: CreateIndex P1 P2 * * *

**
** Allocate a new index in the main database file if P1==0 or in the
** auxiliary database file if P1==1 or in an attached database if
** P1>1.  Write the root page number of the new table into
** register P2.
**
** See documentation on OP_CreateTable for additional information.
................................................................................
  UPDATE_MAX_BLOBSIZE(pIn1);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeEncoding(pIn1, encoding);
  break;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_INTEGRITY_CHECK */

/* Opcode: RowSetAdd P1 P2 * * *

**
** Insert the integer value held by register P2 into a boolean index
** held in register P1.
**
** An assertion fails if P2 is not an integer.
*/
case OP_RowSetAdd: {       /* in1, in2 */
................................................................................
    if( (pIn1->flags & MEM_RowSet)==0 ) goto no_mem;
  }
  sqlite3RowSetInsert(pIn1->u.pRowSet, pIn2->u.i);
  break;
}

/* Opcode: RowSetRead P1 P2 P3 * *

**
** Extract the smallest value from boolean index P1 and put that value into
** register P3.  Or, if boolean index P1 is initially empty, leave P3
** unchanged and jump to instruction P2.
*/
case OP_RowSetRead: {       /* jump, in1, out3 */
  i64 val;
................................................................................
    /* A value was pulled from the index */
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetInt64(&aMem[pOp->p3], val);
  }
  goto check_for_interrupt;
}

/* Opcode: RowSetTest P1 P2 P3 P4

**
** Register P3 is assumed to hold a 64-bit integer value. If register P1
** contains a RowSet object and that RowSet object contains
** the value held in P3, jump to register P2. Otherwise, insert the
** integer in P3 into the RowSet and continue on to the
** next opcode.
**
................................................................................
  break;
}

#endif /* #ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY
/* Opcode: FkCounter P1 P2 * * *

**
** Increment a "constraint counter" by P2 (P2 may be negative or positive).
** If P1 is non-zero, the database constraint counter is incremented 
** (deferred foreign key constraints). Otherwise, if P1 is zero, the 
** statement counter is incremented (immediate foreign key constraints).
*/
case OP_FkCounter: {
................................................................................
  }else{
    p->nFkConstraint += pOp->p2;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: FkIfZero P1 P2 * * *

**
** This opcode tests if a foreign key constraint-counter is currently zero.
** If so, jump to instruction P2. Otherwise, fall through to the next 
** instruction.
**
** If P1 is non-zero, then the jump is taken if the database constraint-counter
** is zero (the one that counts deferred constraint violations). If P1 is
................................................................................
  }
  break;
}
#endif /* #ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINCREMENT
/* Opcode: MemMax P1 P2 * * *

**
** P1 is a register in the root frame of this VM (the root frame is
** different from the current frame if this instruction is being executed
** within a sub-program). Set the value of register P1 to the maximum of 
** its current value and the value in register P2.
**
** This instruction throws an error if the memory cell is not initially
................................................................................
    pIn1->u.i = pIn2->u.i;
  }
  break;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINCREMENT */

/* Opcode: IfPos P1 P2 * * *

**
** If the value of register P1 is 1 or greater, jump to P2.
**
** It is illegal to use this instruction on a register that does
** not contain an integer.  An assertion fault will result if you try.
*/
case OP_IfPos: {        /* jump, in1 */
................................................................................
  if( pIn1->u.i>0 ){
     pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: IfNeg P1 P2 * * *

**
** If the value of register P1 is less than zero, jump to P2. 
**
** It is illegal to use this instruction on a register that does
** not contain an integer.  An assertion fault will result if you try.
*/
case OP_IfNeg: {        /* jump, in1 */
................................................................................
  if( pIn1->u.i<0 ){
     pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: IfZero P1 P2 P3 * *

**
** The register P1 must contain an integer.  Add literal P3 to the
** value in register P1.  If the result is exactly 0, jump to P2. 
**
** It is illegal to use this instruction on a register that does
** not contain an integer.  An assertion fault will result if you try.
*/
................................................................................
  if( pIn1->u.i==0 ){
     pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: AggStep * P2 P3 P4 P5

**
** Execute the step function for an aggregate.  The
** function has P5 arguments.   P4 is a pointer to the FuncDef
** structure that specifies the function.  Use register
** P3 as the accumulator.
**
** The P5 arguments are taken from register P2 and its
................................................................................

  sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(&ctx.s);

  break;
}

/* Opcode: AggFinal P1 P2 * P4 *

**
** Execute the finalizer function for an aggregate.  P1 is
** the memory location that is the accumulator for the aggregate.
**
** P2 is the number of arguments that the step function takes and
** P4 is a pointer to the FuncDef for this function.  The P2
** argument is not used by this opcode.  It is only there to disambiguate
................................................................................
    p->expired = 1;
  }
  break;
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE
/* Opcode: TableLock P1 P2 P3 P4 *

**
** Obtain a lock on a particular table. This instruction is only used when
** the shared-cache feature is enabled. 
**
** P1 is the index of the database in sqlite3.aDb[] of the database
** on which the lock is acquired.  A readlock is obtained if P3==0 or
** a write lock if P3==1.
................................................................................
  }
  break;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
/* Opcode: VFilter P1 P2 P3 P4 *

**
** P1 is a cursor opened using VOpen.  P2 is an address to jump to if
** the filtered result set is empty.
**
** P4 is either NULL or a string that was generated by the xBestIndex
** method of the module.  The interpretation of the P4 string is left
** to the module implementation.
................................................................................

  break;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
/* Opcode: VColumn P1 P2 P3 * *

**
** Store the value of the P2-th column of
** the row of the virtual-table that the 
** P1 cursor is pointing to into register P3.
*/
case OP_VColumn: {
  sqlite3_vtab *pVtab;
................................................................................
  }
  break;
}
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
/* Opcode: VUpdate P1 P2 P3 P4 *

**
** P4 is a pointer to a virtual table object, an sqlite3_vtab structure.
** This opcode invokes the corresponding xUpdate method. P2 values
** are contiguous memory cells starting at P3 to pass to the xUpdate 
** invocation. The value in register (P3+P2-1) corresponds to the 
** p2th element of the argv array passed to xUpdate.
**







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2327
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2329
2330
2331
2332
2333
2334



2335
2336
2337
2338
2339
2340
2341
....
2548
2549
2550
2551
2552
2553
2554
2555
2556
2557
2558
2559
2560
2561
2562
....
2575
2576
2577
2578
2579
2580
2581
2582
2583
2584
2585
2586
2587
2588
2589
....
2708
2709
2710
2711
2712
2713
2714
2715
2716
2717
2718
2719
2720
2721
2722
2723
2724
2725
2726
2727



2728
2729
2730
2731
2732
2733
2734
....
3182
3183
3184
3185
3186
3187
3188
3189
3190
3191
3192
3193
3194
3195
3196
....
3213
3214
3215
3216
3217
3218
3219
3220
3221
3222
3223
3224
3225
3226
3227
....
3290
3291
3292
3293
3294
3295
3296
3297
3298
3299
3300
3301
3302
3303
3304
3305
3306
....
3320
3321
3322
3323
3324
3325
3326
3327
3328
3329
3330
3331
3332
3333
3334
3335
3336
3337
3338






3339
3340
3341
3342
3343
3344
3345
3346
3347
3348
3349
3350
3351
3352
3353
3354
3355
3356
3357
3358
3359
3360
3361
3362

3363
3364
3365
3366
3367
3368
3369
....
3371
3372
3373
3374
3375
3376
3377
3378
3379
3380
3381
3382
3383
3384
3385
3386
3387
3388
3389
3390
3391
3392
3393
3394
3395
3396
3397
3398
3399
3400
3401
3402
3403
3404
3405
3406
3407
3408
3409
3410
3411
3412
3413
3414
3415
3416
3417
3418
3419
3420
3421
3422
3423
3424
3425
3426
3427
....
3456
3457
3458
3459
3460
3461
3462
3463
3464
3465
3466
3467
3468
3469
3470
3471
3472
3473
3474
3475
3476
3477
3478
3479
3480
3481
3482
3483
3484
3485
3486
3487
3488
3489
3490
3491
3492
3493
3494
3495
3496
3497
3498
3499
3500
3501
3502
3503
3504
3505
3506
3507
3508
3509
3510
3511
3512
....
3531
3532
3533
3534
3535
3536
3537
3538
3539
3540
3541
3542
3543
3544
3545
....
3653
3654
3655
3656
3657
3658
3659







3660
3661
3662
3663
3664
3665
3666
3667
3668
3669
3670
3671
....
3672
3673
3674
3675
3676
3677
3678
3679
3680
3681
3682
3683
3684
3685

3686
3687
3688
3689
3690
3691
3692
3693
3694
3695
3696
3697
3698
3699
3700
3701
3702
3703
3704
3705
3706
3707
3708
3709
3710
3711
3712
3713
3714
3715
3716
3717
3718
3719
3720
3721
3722
3723
3724
3725
3726
3727
3728
3729
3730
3731
3732
3733
3734
3735
3736
3737
3738
3739
3740
3741
3742
3743
3744
3745
3746
3747
3748
3749
3750
3751
3752
3753
3754
3755
3756
3757
3758
3759

3760
3761
3762
3763
3764
3765
3766
3767
3768
3769
3770
3771
3772
3773
3774
3775
3776
3777
3778
3779
3780
3781
3782
3783
3784
3785
3786
3787
3788
3789
3790
3791
3792
3793
3794
3795
3796
3797
3798
3799
3800
3801
3802
3803
3804
3805
3806
3807
3808

3809
3810
3811
3812
3813
3814
3815
3816

3817
3818
3819


3820
3821









3822




























































3823
3824











3825




3826
3827
3828





3829
3830
3831
3832
3833
3834
3835
3836
....
3838
3839
3840
3841
3842
3843
3844
3845
3846
3847
3848
3849
3850
3851
3852
3853
3854
3855
3856
3857
3858








3859
3860
3861
3862
3863
3864
3865
3866
3867
3868
3869
3870
....
3872
3873
3874
3875
3876
3877
3878
3879
3880
3881
3882
3883
3884
3885
3886
....
4022
4023
4024
4025
4026
4027
4028
4029
4030
4031
4032
4033
4034
4035
4036
....
4062
4063
4064
4065
4066
4067
4068
4069
4070
4071
4072
4073
4074
4075
4076
....
4077
4078
4079
4080
4081
4082
4083
4084
4085
4086
4087
4088
4089
4090
4091
4092
4093
4094
4095
4096
4097
4098
4099
4100
4101
....
4143
4144
4145
4146
4147
4148
4149
4150
4151
4152
4153
4154
4155
4156
4157
....
4254
4255
4256
4257
4258
4259
4260
4261
4262
4263
4264
4265
4266


4267
4268
4269
4270
4271
4272
4273
4274
4275
4276
4277
4278
4279
4280
4281
4282
4283
4284
4285
4286
4287
4288
4289
4290
4291
4292
4293
4294
4295
4296
4297
4298
4299
4300
4301
....
4302
4303
4304
4305
4306
4307
4308
4309
4310
4311
4312
4313
4314
4315
4316
4317
4318
4319
4320
4321
4322
4323
4324
4325
4326
4327
....
4382
4383
4384
4385
4386
4387
4388
4389
4390
4391
4392
4393
4394
4395
4396
4397
4398
4399
4400
4401
....
4473
4474
4475
4476
4477
4478
4479
4480
4481

4482
4483
4484
4485
4486
4487
4488
....
4544
4545
4546
4547
4548
4549
4550
4551
4552
4553
4554
4555
4556
4557
4558
....
4614
4615
4616
4617
4618
4619
4620
4621
4622
4623
4624
4625
4626
4627
4628
....
4640
4641
4642
4643
4644
4645
4646
4647
4648
4649
4650
4651
4652
4653
4654
4655
....
4657
4658
4659
4660
4661
4662
4663

4664
4665
4666
4667
4668
4669
4670
4671
4672
4673
4674
4675
....
4679
4680
4681
4682
4683
4684
4685
4686
4687
4688
4689
4690
4691
4692
4693
4694
4695
4696
4697
4698
4699
4700

4701
4702
4703
4704
4705
4706
4707
4708
4709
4710
4711
4712
....
4715
4716
4717
4718
4719
4720
4721
4722
4723

4724
4725
4726
4727
4728
4729
4730
4731
4732
4733
4734
4735

4736
4737
4738
4739
4740
4741
4742
4743
4744
4745
4746
4747
....
4748
4749
4750
4751
4752
4753
4754
4755
4756
4757
4758
4759
4760
4761
4762
....
4770
4771
4772
4773
4774
4775
4776
4777
4778
4779
4780
4781
4782
4783
4784
....
4795
4796
4797
4798
4799
4800
4801

4802
4803
4804
4805
4806
4807
4808
....
4900
4901
4902
4903
4904
4905
4906
4907
4908
4909
4910
4911
4912
4913
4914
4915
4916
4917
4918
4919
4920
4921
4922
4923
4924
4925
4926
4927
4928
....
5116
5117
5118
5119
5120
5121
5122
5123
5124
5125
5126
5127
5128
5129
5130
....
5136
5137
5138
5139
5140
5141
5142
5143
5144
5145
5146
5147
5148
5149
5150
....
5160
5161
5162
5163
5164
5165
5166
5167
5168
5169
5170
5171
5172
5173
5174
....
5364
5365
5366
5367
5368
5369
5370
5371
5372
5373
5374
5375
5376
5377
5378
....
5383
5384
5385
5386
5387
5388
5389
5390
5391
5392
5393
5394
5395
5396
5397
....
5406
5407
5408
5409
5410
5411
5412
5413
5414
5415
5416
5417
5418
5419
5420
....
5437
5438
5439
5440
5441
5442
5443
5444
5445
5446
5447
5448
5449
5450
5451
....
5454
5455
5456
5457
5458
5459
5460
5461
5462
5463
5464
5465
5466
5467
5468
....
5471
5472
5473
5474
5475
5476
5477
5478
5479
5480
5481
5482
5483
5484
5485
....
5490
5491
5492
5493
5494
5495
5496
5497
5498
5499
5500
5501
5502
5503
5504
....
5554
5555
5556
5557
5558
5559
5560
5561
5562
5563
5564
5565
5566
5567
5568
....
5782
5783
5784
5785
5786
5787
5788
5789
5790
5791
5792
5793
5794
5795
5796
....
5899
5900
5901
5902
5903
5904
5905
5906
5907
5908
5909
5910
5911
5912
5913
....
5974
5975
5976
5977
5978
5979
5980
5981
5982
5983
5984
5985
5986
5987
5988
....
6108
6109
6110
6111
6112
6113
6114
6115
6116
6117
6118
6119
6120
6121
6122
  pcDest = (int)pIn1->u.i;
  pIn1->u.i = pc;
  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p1, pIn1);
  pc = pcDest;
  break;
}

/* Opcode:  HaltIfNull  P1 P2 P3 P4 P5
** Synopsis:  if r[P3] null then halt
**
** Check the value in register P3.  If it is NULL then Halt using
** parameter P1, P2, and P4 as if this were a Halt instruction.  If the
** value in register P3 is not NULL, then this routine is a no-op.
** The P5 parameter should be 1.
*/
case OP_HaltIfNull: {      /* in3 */
  pIn3 = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  if( (pIn3->flags & MEM_Null)==0 ) break;
  /* Fall through into OP_Halt */
}

/* Opcode:  Halt P1 P2 * P4 P5
**
** Exit immediately.  All open cursors, etc are closed
** automatically.
**
** P1 is the result code returned by sqlite3_exec(), sqlite3_reset(),
** or sqlite3_finalize().  For a normal halt, this should be SQLITE_OK (0).
** For errors, it can be some other value.  If P1!=0 then P2 will determine
** whether or not to rollback the current transaction.  Do not rollback
** if P2==OE_Fail. Do the rollback if P2==OE_Rollback.  If P2==OE_Abort,
** then back out all changes that have occurred during this execution of the
** VDBE, but do not rollback the transaction. 
**
** If P4 is not null then it is an error message string.
**
** P5 is a value between 0 and 4, inclusive, that modifies the P4 string.
**
**    0:  (no change)
**    1:  NOT NULL contraint failed: P4
**    2:  UNIQUE constraint failed: P4
**    3:  CHECK constraint failed: P4
**    4:  FOREIGN KEY constraint failed: P4
**
** If P5 is not zero and P4 is NULL, then everything after the ":" is
** omitted.
**
** There is an implied "Halt 0 0 0" instruction inserted at the very end of
** every program.  So a jump past the last instruction of the program
** is the same as executing Halt.
*/
case OP_Halt: {
  const char *zType;
  const char *zLogFmt;

  if( pOp->p1==SQLITE_OK && p->pFrame ){
    /* Halt the sub-program. Return control to the parent frame. */
    VdbeFrame *pFrame = p->pFrame;
    p->pFrame = pFrame->pParent;
    p->nFrame--;
    sqlite3VdbeSetChanges(db, p->nChange);
    pc = sqlite3VdbeFrameRestore(pFrame);
................................................................................
      ** as the p2 of the calling OP_Program.  */
      pc = p->aOp[pc].p2-1;
    }
    aOp = p->aOp;
    aMem = p->aMem;
    break;
  }

  p->rc = pOp->p1;
  p->errorAction = (u8)pOp->p2;
  p->pc = pc;
  if( p->rc ){
    if( pOp->p5 ){
      static const char * const azType[] = { "NOT NULL", "UNIQUE", "CHECK",
                                             "FOREIGN KEY" };
      assert( pOp->p5>=1 && pOp->p5<=4 );
      testcase( pOp->p5==1 );
      testcase( pOp->p5==2 );
      testcase( pOp->p5==3 );
      testcase( pOp->p5==4 );
      zType = azType[pOp->p5-1];
    }else{
      zType = 0;
    }
    assert( zType!=0 || pOp->p4.z!=0 );
    zLogFmt = "abort at %d in [%s]: %s";
    if( zType && pOp->p4.z ){
      sqlite3SetString(&p->zErrMsg, db, "%s constraint failed: %s", 
                       zType, pOp->p4.z);
    }else if( pOp->p4.z ){

      sqlite3SetString(&p->zErrMsg, db, "%s", pOp->p4.z);


    }else{


      sqlite3SetString(&p->zErrMsg, db, "%s constraint failed", zType);
    }
    sqlite3_log(pOp->p1, zLogFmt, pc, p->zSql, p->zErrMsg);
  }
  rc = sqlite3VdbeHalt(p);
  assert( rc==SQLITE_BUSY || rc==SQLITE_OK || rc==SQLITE_ERROR );
  if( rc==SQLITE_BUSY ){
    p->rc = rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
  }else{
    assert( rc==SQLITE_OK || (p->rc&0xff)==SQLITE_CONSTRAINT );
................................................................................
    assert( rc==SQLITE_OK || db->nDeferredCons>0 || db->nDeferredImmCons>0 );
    rc = p->rc ? SQLITE_ERROR : SQLITE_DONE;
  }
  goto vdbe_return;
}

/* Opcode: Integer P1 P2 * * *
** Synopsis: r[P2]=P1
**
** The 32-bit integer value P1 is written into register P2.
*/
case OP_Integer: {         /* out2-prerelease */
  pOut->u.i = pOp->p1;
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Int64 * P2 * P4 *
** Synopsis: r[P2]=P4
**
** P4 is a pointer to a 64-bit integer value.
** Write that value into register P2.
*/
case OP_Int64: {           /* out2-prerelease */
  assert( pOp->p4.pI64!=0 );
  pOut->u.i = *pOp->p4.pI64;
  break;
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
/* Opcode: Real * P2 * P4 *
** Synopsis: r[P2]=P4
**
** P4 is a pointer to a 64-bit floating point value.
** Write that value into register P2.
*/
case OP_Real: {            /* same as TK_FLOAT, out2-prerelease */
  pOut->flags = MEM_Real;
  assert( !sqlite3IsNaN(*pOp->p4.pReal) );
  pOut->r = *pOp->p4.pReal;
  break;
}
#endif

/* Opcode: String8 * P2 * P4 *
** Synopsis: r[P2]='P4'
**
** P4 points to a nul terminated UTF-8 string. This opcode is transformed 
** into an OP_String before it is executed for the first time.
*/
case OP_String8: {         /* same as TK_STRING, out2-prerelease */
  assert( pOp->p4.z!=0 );
  pOp->opcode = OP_String;
................................................................................
  if( pOp->p1>db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_LENGTH] ){
    goto too_big;
  }
  /* Fall through to the next case, OP_String */
}
  
/* Opcode: String P1 P2 * P4 *
** Synopsis: r[P2]='P4' (len=P1)
**
** The string value P4 of length P1 (bytes) is stored in register P2.
*/
case OP_String: {          /* out2-prerelease */
  assert( pOp->p4.z!=0 );
  pOut->flags = MEM_Str|MEM_Static|MEM_Term;
  pOut->z = pOp->p4.z;
................................................................................
  pOut->n = pOp->p1;
  pOut->enc = encoding;
  UPDATE_MAX_BLOBSIZE(pOut);
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Null P1 P2 P3 * *
** Synopsis:  r[P2..P3]=NULL
**
** Write a NULL into registers P2.  If P3 greater than P2, then also write
** NULL into register P3 and every register in between P2 and P3.  If P3
** is less than P2 (typically P3 is zero) then only register P2 is
** set to NULL.
**
** If the P1 value is non-zero, then also set the MEM_Cleared flag so that
................................................................................
    cnt--;
  }
  break;
}


/* Opcode: Blob P1 P2 * P4
** Synopsis: r[P2]=P4 (len=P1)
**
** P4 points to a blob of data P1 bytes long.  Store this
** blob in register P2.
*/
case OP_Blob: {                /* out2-prerelease */
  assert( pOp->p1 <= SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH );
  sqlite3VdbeMemSetStr(pOut, pOp->p4.z, pOp->p1, 0, 0);
  pOut->enc = encoding;
  UPDATE_MAX_BLOBSIZE(pOut);
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Variable P1 P2 * P4 *
** Synopsis: r[P2]=parameter(P1,P4)
**
** Transfer the values of bound parameter P1 into register P2
**
** If the parameter is named, then its name appears in P4 and P3==1.
** The P4 value is used by sqlite3_bind_parameter_name().
*/
case OP_Variable: {            /* out2-prerelease */
................................................................................
  }
  sqlite3VdbeMemShallowCopy(pOut, pVar, MEM_Static);
  UPDATE_MAX_BLOBSIZE(pOut);
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Move P1 P2 P3 * *
** Synopsis:  r[P2@P3]=r[P1@P3]
**
** Move the values in register P1..P1+P3 over into
** registers P2..P2+P3.  Registers P1..P1+P3 are
** left holding a NULL.  It is an error for register ranges
** P1..P1+P3 and P2..P2+P3 to overlap.
*/
case OP_Move: {
................................................................................
    pIn1++;
    pOut++;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Copy P1 P2 P3 * *
** Synopsis: r[P2@P3]=r[P1@P3]
**
** Make a copy of registers P1..P1+P3 into registers P2..P2+P3.
**
** This instruction makes a deep copy of the value.  A duplicate
** is made of any string or blob constant.  See also OP_SCopy.
*/
case OP_Copy: {
................................................................................
    pOut++;
    pIn1++;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: SCopy P1 P2 * * *
** Synopsis: r[P2]=r[P1]
**
** Make a shallow copy of register P1 into register P2.
**
** This instruction makes a shallow copy of the value.  If the value
** is a string or blob, then the copy is only a pointer to the
** original and hence if the original changes so will the copy.
** Worse, if the original is deallocated, the copy becomes invalid.
** Thus the program must guarantee that the original will not change
** during the lifetime of the copy.  Use OP_Copy to make a complete
** copy.
*/
case OP_SCopy: {            /* out2 */
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  pOut = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  assert( pOut!=pIn1 );
  sqlite3VdbeMemShallowCopy(pOut, pIn1, MEM_Ephem);
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  if( pOut->pScopyFrom==0 ) pOut->pScopyFrom = pIn1;
#endif

  break;
}

/* Opcode: ResultRow P1 P2 * * *
** Synopsis:  output=r[P1@P2]
**
** The registers P1 through P1+P2-1 contain a single row of
** results. This opcode causes the sqlite3_step() call to terminate
** with an SQLITE_ROW return code and it sets up the sqlite3_stmt
** structure to provide access to the top P1 values as the result
** row.
*/
................................................................................
  */
  p->pc = pc + 1;
  rc = SQLITE_ROW;
  goto vdbe_return;
}

/* Opcode: Concat P1 P2 P3 * *
** Synopsis: r[P3]=r[P2]+r[P1]
**
** Add the text in register P1 onto the end of the text in
** register P2 and store the result in register P3.
** If either the P1 or P2 text are NULL then store NULL in P3.
**
**   P3 = P2 || P1
**
................................................................................
  pOut->n = (int)nByte;
  pOut->enc = encoding;
  UPDATE_MAX_BLOBSIZE(pOut);
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Add P1 P2 P3 * *
** Synopsis:  r[P3]=r[P1]+r[P2]
**
** Add the value in register P1 to the value in register P2
** and store the result in register P3.
** If either input is NULL, the result is NULL.
*/
/* Opcode: Multiply P1 P2 P3 * *
** Synopsis:  r[P3]=r[P1]*r[P2]
**
**
** Multiply the value in register P1 by the value in register P2
** and store the result in register P3.
** If either input is NULL, the result is NULL.
*/
/* Opcode: Subtract P1 P2 P3 * *
** Synopsis:  r[P3]=r[P2]-r[P1]
**
** Subtract the value in register P1 from the value in register P2
** and store the result in register P3.
** If either input is NULL, the result is NULL.
*/
/* Opcode: Divide P1 P2 P3 * *
** Synopsis:  r[P3]=r[P1]/r[P2]
**
** Divide the value in register P1 by the value in register P2
** and store the result in register P3 (P3=P2/P1). If the value in 
** register P1 is zero, then the result is NULL. If either input is 
** NULL, the result is NULL.
*/
/* Opcode: Remainder P1 P2 P3 * *
** Synopsis:  r[P3]=r[P1]%r[P2]
**
** Compute the remainder after integer division of the value in
** register P1 by the value in register P2 and store the result in P3. 
** If the value in register P2 is zero the result is NULL.
** If either operand is NULL, the result is NULL.
*/
case OP_Add:                   /* same as TK_PLUS, in1, in2, out3 */
................................................................................
  if( pOp->p1 ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetInt64(&aMem[pOp->p1], 0);
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Function P1 P2 P3 P4 P5
** Synopsis: r[P3]=func(r[P2@P5])
**
** Invoke a user function (P4 is a pointer to a Function structure that
** defines the function) with P5 arguments taken from register P2 and
** successors.  The result of the function is stored in register P3.
** Register P3 must not be one of the function inputs.
**
** P1 is a 32-bit bitmask indicating whether or not each argument to the 
................................................................................

  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p3, pOut);
  UPDATE_MAX_BLOBSIZE(pOut);
  break;
}

/* Opcode: BitAnd P1 P2 P3 * *
** Synopsis:  r[P3]=r[P1]&r[P2]
**
** Take the bit-wise AND of the values in register P1 and P2 and
** store the result in register P3.
** If either input is NULL, the result is NULL.
*/
/* Opcode: BitOr P1 P2 P3 * *
** Synopsis:  r[P3]=r[P1]|r[P2]
**
** Take the bit-wise OR of the values in register P1 and P2 and
** store the result in register P3.
** If either input is NULL, the result is NULL.
*/
/* Opcode: ShiftLeft P1 P2 P3 * *
** Synopsis:  r[P3]=r[P2]<<r[P1]
**
** Shift the integer value in register P2 to the left by the
** number of bits specified by the integer in register P1.
** Store the result in register P3.
** If either input is NULL, the result is NULL.
*/
/* Opcode: ShiftRight P1 P2 P3 * *
** Synopsis:  r[P3]=r[P2]>>r[P1]
**
** Shift the integer value in register P2 to the right by the
** number of bits specified by the integer in register P1.
** Store the result in register P3.
** If either input is NULL, the result is NULL.
*/
case OP_BitAnd:                 /* same as TK_BITAND, in1, in2, out3 */
................................................................................
  }
  pOut->u.i = iA;
  MemSetTypeFlag(pOut, MEM_Int);
  break;
}

/* Opcode: AddImm  P1 P2 * * *
** Synopsis:  r[P1]=r[P1]+P2
** 
** Add the constant P2 to the value in register P1.
** The result is always an integer.
**
** To force any register to be an integer, just add 0.
*/
case OP_AddImm: {            /* in1 */
................................................................................
    sqlite3VdbeMemRealify(pIn1);
  }
  break;
}
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_CAST) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT) */

/* Opcode: Lt P1 P2 P3 P4 P5
** Synopsis: if r[P1]<r[P3] goto P3
**
** Compare the values in register P1 and P3.  If reg(P3)<reg(P1) then
** jump to address P2.  
**
** If the SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL bit of P5 is set and either reg(P1) or
** reg(P3) is NULL then take the jump.  If the SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL 
** bit is clear then fall through if either operand is NULL.
................................................................................
** store a boolean result (either 0, or 1, or NULL) in register P2.
**
** If the SQLITE_NULLEQ bit is set in P5, then NULL values are considered
** equal to one another, provided that they do not have their MEM_Cleared
** bit set.
*/
/* Opcode: Ne P1 P2 P3 P4 P5
** Synopsis: if r[P1]!=r[P3] goto P2
**
** This works just like the Lt opcode except that the jump is taken if
** the operands in registers P1 and P3 are not equal.  See the Lt opcode for
** additional information.
**
** If SQLITE_NULLEQ is set in P5 then the result of comparison is always either
** true or false and is never NULL.  If both operands are NULL then the result
** of comparison is false.  If either operand is NULL then the result is true.
** If neither operand is NULL the result is the same as it would be if
** the SQLITE_NULLEQ flag were omitted from P5.
*/
/* Opcode: Eq P1 P2 P3 P4 P5
** Synopsis: if r[P1]==r[P3] goto P2
**
** This works just like the Lt opcode except that the jump is taken if
** the operands in registers P1 and P3 are equal.
** See the Lt opcode for additional information.
**
** If SQLITE_NULLEQ is set in P5 then the result of comparison is always either
** true or false and is never NULL.  If both operands are NULL then the result
** of comparison is true.  If either operand is NULL then the result is false.
** If neither operand is NULL the result is the same as it would be if
** the SQLITE_NULLEQ flag were omitted from P5.
*/
/* Opcode: Le P1 P2 P3 P4 P5
** Synopsis: if r[P1]<=r[P3] goto P2
**
** This works just like the Lt opcode except that the jump is taken if
** the content of register P3 is less than or equal to the content of
** register P1.  See the Lt opcode for additional information.
*/
/* Opcode: Gt P1 P2 P3 P4 P5
** Synopsis: if r[P1]>r[P3] goto P2
**
** This works just like the Lt opcode except that the jump is taken if
** the content of register P3 is greater than the content of
** register P1.  See the Lt opcode for additional information.
*/
/* Opcode: Ge P1 P2 P3 P4 P5
** Synopsis: if r[P1]>=r[P3] goto P2
**
** This works just like the Lt opcode except that the jump is taken if
** the content of register P3 is greater than or equal to the content of
** register P1.  See the Lt opcode for additional information.
*/
case OP_Eq:               /* same as TK_EQ, jump, in1, in3 */
case OP_Ne:               /* same as TK_NE, jump, in1, in3 */
................................................................................
  }else{
    pc = pOp->p3 - 1;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: And P1 P2 P3 * *
** Synopsis: r[P3]=(r[P1] && r[P2])
**
** Take the logical AND of the values in registers P1 and P2 and
** write the result into register P3.
**
** If either P1 or P2 is 0 (false) then the result is 0 even if
** the other input is NULL.  A NULL and true or two NULLs give
** a NULL output.
*/
/* Opcode: Or P1 P2 P3 * *
** Synopsis: r[P3]=(r[P1] || r[P2])
**
** Take the logical OR of the values in register P1 and P2 and
** store the answer in register P3.
**
** If either P1 or P2 is nonzero (true) then the result is 1 (true)
** even if the other input is NULL.  A NULL and false or two NULLs
** give a NULL output.
................................................................................
    pOut->u.i = v1;
    MemSetTypeFlag(pOut, MEM_Int);
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Not P1 P2 * * *
** Synopsis: r[P2]= !r[P1]
**
** Interpret the value in register P1 as a boolean value.  Store the
** boolean complement in register P2.  If the value in register P1 is 
** NULL, then a NULL is stored in P2.
*/
case OP_Not: {                /* same as TK_NOT, in1, out2 */
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
................................................................................
  }else{
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetInt64(pOut, !sqlite3VdbeIntValue(pIn1));
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: BitNot P1 P2 * * *
** Synopsis: r[P1]= ~r[P1]
**
** Interpret the content of register P1 as an integer.  Store the
** ones-complement of the P1 value into register P2.  If P1 holds
** a NULL then store a NULL in P2.
*/
case OP_BitNot: {             /* same as TK_BITNOT, in1, out2 */
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
................................................................................
  if( c ){
    pc = pOp->p2-1;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: IsNull P1 P2 * * *
** Synopsis:  if r[P1]==NULL goto P2
**
** Jump to P2 if the value in register P1 is NULL.
*/
case OP_IsNull: {            /* same as TK_ISNULL, jump, in1 */
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  if( (pIn1->flags & MEM_Null)!=0 ){
    pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: NotNull P1 P2 * * *
** Synopsis: if r[P1]!=NULL goto P2
**
** Jump to P2 if the value in register P1 is not NULL.  
*/
case OP_NotNull: {            /* same as TK_NOTNULL, jump, in1 */
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  if( (pIn1->flags & MEM_Null)==0 ){
    pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Column P1 P2 P3 P4 P5
** Synopsis:  r[P3]=PX
**
** Interpret the data that cursor P1 points to as a structure built using
** the MakeRecord instruction.  (See the MakeRecord opcode for additional
** information about the format of the data.)  Extract the P2-th column
** from this record.  If there are less that (P2+1) 
** values in the record, extract a NULL.
**
................................................................................
      assert( (payloadSize64 & SQLITE_MAX_U32)==(u64)payloadSize64 );
      payloadSize = (u32)payloadSize64;
    }else{
      assert( sqlite3BtreeCursorIsValid(pCrsr) );
      VVA_ONLY(rc =) sqlite3BtreeDataSize(pCrsr, &payloadSize);
      assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );   /* DataSize() cannot fail */
    }
  }else{
    assert( pC->pseudoTableReg>0 );
    pReg = &aMem[pC->pseudoTableReg];
    if( pC->multiPseudo ){
      sqlite3VdbeMemShallowCopy(pDest, pReg+p2, MEM_Ephem);
      Deephemeralize(pDest);
      goto op_column_out;
    }
    assert( pReg->flags & MEM_Blob );
    assert( memIsValid(pReg) );
    payloadSize = pReg->n;
    zRec = pReg->z;
    pC->cacheStatus = (pOp->p5&OPFLAG_CLEARCACHE) ? CACHE_STALE : p->cacheCtr;
    assert( payloadSize==0 || zRec!=0 );



  }

  /* If payloadSize is 0, then just store a NULL.  This can happen because of
  ** nullRow or because of a corrupt database. */
  if( payloadSize==0 ){
    MemSetTypeFlag(pDest, MEM_Null);
    goto op_column_out;
................................................................................
op_column_out:
  UPDATE_MAX_BLOBSIZE(pDest);
  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p3, pDest);
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Affinity P1 P2 * P4 *
** Synopsis: affinity(r[P1@P2])
**
** Apply affinities to a range of P2 registers starting with P1.
**
** P4 is a string that is P2 characters long. The nth character of the
** string indicates the column affinity that should be used for the nth
** memory cell in the range.
*/
................................................................................
    applyAffinity(pIn1, cAff, encoding);
    pIn1++;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: MakeRecord P1 P2 P3 P4 *
** Synopsis: r[P3]=mkrec(r[P1@P2])
**
** Convert P2 registers beginning with P1 into the [record format]
** use as a data record in a database table or as a key
** in an index.  The OP_Column opcode can decode the record later.
**
** P4 may be a string that is P2 characters long.  The nth character of the
** string indicates the column affinity that should be used for the nth
................................................................................
  pOut->enc = SQLITE_UTF8;  /* In case the blob is ever converted to text */
  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p3, pOut);
  UPDATE_MAX_BLOBSIZE(pOut);
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Count P1 P2 * * *
** Synopsis: r[P2]=count()
**
** Store the number of entries (an integer value) in the table or index 
** opened by cursor P1 in register P2
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BTREECOUNT
case OP_Count: {         /* out2-prerelease */
  i64 nEntry;
  BtCursor *pCrsr;

  pCrsr = p->apCsr[pOp->p1]->pCursor;
  assert( pCrsr );
  rc = sqlite3BtreeCount(pCrsr, &nEntry);



  pOut->u.i = nEntry;
  break;
}
#endif

/* Opcode: Savepoint P1 * * P4 *
**
................................................................................
    p->expired = 1;
    rc = SQLITE_SCHEMA;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: OpenRead P1 P2 P3 P4 P5
** Synopsis: root=P2 iDb=P3
**
** Open a read-only cursor for the database table whose root page is
** P2 in a database file.  The database file is determined by P3. 
** P3==0 means the main database, P3==1 means the database used for 
** temporary tables, and P3>1 means used the corresponding attached
** database.  Give the new cursor an identifier of P1.  The P1
** values need not be contiguous but all P1 values should be small integers.
................................................................................
** structure, then said structure defines the content and collating 
** sequence of the index being opened. Otherwise, if P4 is an integer 
** value, it is set to the number of columns in the table.
**
** See also OpenWrite.
*/
/* Opcode: OpenWrite P1 P2 P3 P4 P5
** Synopsis: root=P2 iDb=P3
**
** Open a read/write cursor named P1 on the table or index whose root
** page is P2.  Or if P5!=0 use the content of register P2 to find the
** root page.
**
** The P4 value may be either an integer (P4_INT32) or a pointer to
** a KeyInfo structure (P4_KEYINFO). If it is a pointer to a KeyInfo 
................................................................................
    if( NEVER(p2<2) ) {
      rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
      goto abort_due_to_error;
    }
  }
  if( pOp->p4type==P4_KEYINFO ){
    pKeyInfo = pOp->p4.pKeyInfo;
    assert( pKeyInfo->enc==ENC(db) );
    assert( pKeyInfo->db==db );
    nField = pKeyInfo->nField+pKeyInfo->nXField;
  }else if( pOp->p4type==P4_INT32 ){
    nField = pOp->p4.i;
  }
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 );
  pCur = allocateCursor(p, pOp->p1, nField, iDb, 1);
  if( pCur==0 ) goto no_mem;
  pCur->nullRow = 1;
................................................................................
  ** since moved into the btree layer.  */  
  pCur->isTable = pOp->p4type!=P4_KEYINFO;
  pCur->isIndex = !pCur->isTable;
  break;
}

/* Opcode: OpenEphemeral P1 P2 * P4 P5
** Synopsis: nColumn=P2
**
** Open a new cursor P1 to a transient table.
** The cursor is always opened read/write even if 
** the main database is read-only.  The ephemeral
** table is deleted automatically when the cursor is closed.
**
** P2 is the number of columns in the ephemeral table.
** The cursor points to a BTree table if P4==0 and to a BTree index
** if P4 is not 0.  If P4 is not NULL, it points to a KeyInfo structure
** that defines the format of keys in the index.
**






** The P5 parameter can be a mask of the BTREE_* flags defined
** in btree.h.  These flags control aspects of the operation of
** the btree.  The BTREE_OMIT_JOURNAL and BTREE_SINGLE flags are
** added automatically.
*/
/* Opcode: OpenAutoindex P1 P2 * P4 *
** Synopsis: nColumn=P2
**
** This opcode works the same as OP_OpenEphemeral.  It has a
** different name to distinguish its use.  Tables created using
** by this opcode will be used for automatically created transient
** indices in joins.
*/
case OP_OpenAutoindex: 
case OP_OpenEphemeral: {
  VdbeCursor *pCx;
  KeyInfo *pKeyInfo;

  static const int vfsFlags = 
      SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE |
      SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE |
      SQLITE_OPEN_EXCLUSIVE |
      SQLITE_OPEN_DELETEONCLOSE |
      SQLITE_OPEN_TRANSIENT_DB;

  assert( pOp->p1>=0 );
  pCx = allocateCursor(p, pOp->p1, pOp->p2, -1, 1);
  if( pCx==0 ) goto no_mem;
  pCx->nullRow = 1;
  rc = sqlite3BtreeOpen(db->pVfs, 0, db, &pCx->pBt, 
                        BTREE_OMIT_JOURNAL | BTREE_SINGLE | pOp->p5, vfsFlags);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
................................................................................
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    /* If a transient index is required, create it by calling
    ** sqlite3BtreeCreateTable() with the BTREE_BLOBKEY flag before
    ** opening it. If a transient table is required, just use the
    ** automatically created table with root-page 1 (an BLOB_INTKEY table).
    */
    if( (pKeyInfo = pOp->p4.pKeyInfo)!=0 ){
      int pgno;
      assert( pOp->p4type==P4_KEYINFO );
      rc = sqlite3BtreeCreateTable(pCx->pBt, &pgno, BTREE_BLOBKEY | pOp->p5); 
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        assert( pgno==MASTER_ROOT+1 );
        assert( pKeyInfo->db==db );
        assert( pKeyInfo->enc==ENC(db) );
        pCx->pKeyInfo = pKeyInfo;
        rc = sqlite3BtreeCursor(pCx->pBt, pgno, 1, pKeyInfo, pCx->pCursor);
      }
      pCx->isTable = 0;
    }else{
      rc = sqlite3BtreeCursor(pCx->pBt, MASTER_ROOT, 1, 0, pCx->pCursor);
      pCx->isTable = 1;
    }
  }
  pCx->isOrdered = (pOp->p5!=BTREE_UNORDERED);
  pCx->isIndex = !pCx->isTable;
  break;
}

/* Opcode: SorterOpen P1 * * P4 *
**
** This opcode works like OP_OpenEphemeral except that it opens
** a transient index that is specifically designed to sort large
** tables using an external merge-sort algorithm.
*/
case OP_SorterOpen: {
  VdbeCursor *pCx;

  pCx = allocateCursor(p, pOp->p1, pOp->p2, -1, 1);
  if( pCx==0 ) goto no_mem;
  pCx->pKeyInfo = pOp->p4.pKeyInfo;
  assert( pCx->pKeyInfo->db==db );
  assert( pCx->pKeyInfo->enc==ENC(db) );
  pCx->isSorter = 1;
  rc = sqlite3VdbeSorterInit(db, pCx);
  break;
}

/* Opcode: OpenPseudo P1 P2 P3 * P5
** Synopsis: content in r[P2@P3]
**
** Open a new cursor that points to a fake table that contains a single
** row of data.  The content of that one row in the content of memory
** register P2 when P5==0.  In other words, cursor P1 becomes an alias for the 
** MEM_Blob content contained in register P2.  When P5==1, then the
** row is represented by P3 consecutive registers beginning with P2.
**
................................................................................
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  sqlite3VdbeFreeCursor(p, p->apCsr[pOp->p1]);
  p->apCsr[pOp->p1] = 0;
  break;
}

/* Opcode: SeekGe P1 P2 P3 P4 *
** Synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]
**
** If cursor P1 refers to an SQL table (B-Tree that uses integer keys), 
** use the value in register P3 as the key.  If cursor P1 refers 
** to an SQL index, then P3 is the first in an array of P4 registers 
** that are used as an unpacked index key. 
**
** Reposition cursor P1 so that  it points to the smallest entry that 
** is greater than or equal to the key value. If there are no records 
** greater than or equal to the key and P2 is not zero, then jump to P2.
**
** See also: Found, NotFound, Distinct, SeekLt, SeekGt, SeekLe
*/
/* Opcode: SeekGt P1 P2 P3 P4 *
** Synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]
**
** If cursor P1 refers to an SQL table (B-Tree that uses integer keys), 
** use the value in register P3 as a key. If cursor P1 refers 
** to an SQL index, then P3 is the first in an array of P4 registers 
** that are used as an unpacked index key. 
**
** Reposition cursor P1 so that  it points to the smallest entry that 
** is greater than the key value. If there are no records greater than 
** the key and P2 is not zero, then jump to P2.
**
** See also: Found, NotFound, Distinct, SeekLt, SeekGe, SeekLe
*/
/* Opcode: SeekLt P1 P2 P3 P4 * 
** Synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]
**
** If cursor P1 refers to an SQL table (B-Tree that uses integer keys), 
** use the value in register P3 as a key. If cursor P1 refers 
** to an SQL index, then P3 is the first in an array of P4 registers 
** that are used as an unpacked index key. 
**
** Reposition cursor P1 so that  it points to the largest entry that 
** is less than the key value. If there are no records less than 
** the key and P2 is not zero, then jump to P2.
**
** See also: Found, NotFound, Distinct, SeekGt, SeekGe, SeekLe
*/
/* Opcode: SeekLe P1 P2 P3 P4 *
** Synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]
**
** If cursor P1 refers to an SQL table (B-Tree that uses integer keys), 
** use the value in register P3 as a key. If cursor P1 refers 
** to an SQL index, then P3 is the first in an array of P4 registers 
** that are used as an unpacked index key. 
**
** Reposition cursor P1 so that it points to the largest entry that 
................................................................................
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  assert( pC->pseudoTableReg==0 );
  assert( OP_SeekLe == OP_SeekLt+1 );
  assert( OP_SeekGe == OP_SeekLt+2 );
  assert( OP_SeekGt == OP_SeekLt+3 );
  assert( pC->isOrdered );
  assert( pC->pCursor!=0 );
  oc = pOp->opcode;
  pC->nullRow = 0;
  if( pC->isTable ){
    /* The input value in P3 might be of any type: integer, real, string,
    ** blob, or NULL.  But it needs to be an integer before we can do
    ** the seek, so covert it. */
    pIn3 = &aMem[pOp->p3];
................................................................................
      res = sqlite3BtreeEof(pC->pCursor);
    }
  }
  assert( pOp->p2>0 );
  if( res ){
    pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  }







  break;
}

/* Opcode: Seek P1 P2 * * *
** Synopsis:  intkey=r[P2]
**
** P1 is an open table cursor and P2 is a rowid integer.  Arrange
** for P1 to move so that it points to the rowid given by P2.
**
** This is actually a deferred seek.  Nothing actually happens until
** the cursor is used to read a record.  That way, if no reads
** occur, no unnecessary I/O happens.
................................................................................
*/
case OP_Seek: {    /* in2 */
  VdbeCursor *pC;

  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  assert( pC->pCursor!=0 );
  assert( pC->isTable );
  pC->nullRow = 0;
  pIn2 = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  pC->movetoTarget = sqlite3VdbeIntValue(pIn2);
  pC->rowidIsValid = 0;
  pC->deferredMoveto = 1;

  break;
}
  

/* Opcode: Found P1 P2 P3 P4 *
** Synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]
**
** If P4==0 then register P3 holds a blob constructed by MakeRecord.  If
** P4>0 then register P3 is the first of P4 registers that form an unpacked
** record.
**
** Cursor P1 is on an index btree.  If the record identified by P3 and P4
** is a prefix of any entry in P1 then a jump is made to P2 and
** P1 is left pointing at the matching entry.
**
** See also: NotFound, NoConflict, NotExists. SeekGe
*/
/* Opcode: NotFound P1 P2 P3 P4 *
** Synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]
**
** If P4==0 then register P3 holds a blob constructed by MakeRecord.  If
** P4>0 then register P3 is the first of P4 registers that form an unpacked
** record.
** 
** Cursor P1 is on an index btree.  If the record identified by P3 and P4
** is not the prefix of any entry in P1 then a jump is made to P2.  If P1 
** does contain an entry whose prefix matches the P3/P4 record then control
** falls through to the next instruction and P1 is left pointing at the
** matching entry.
**
** See also: Found, NotExists, NoConflict
*/
/* Opcode: NoConflict P1 P2 P3 P4 *
** Synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]
**
** If P4==0 then register P3 holds a blob constructed by MakeRecord.  If
** P4>0 then register P3 is the first of P4 registers that form an unpacked
** record.
** 
** Cursor P1 is on an index btree.  If the record identified by P3 and P4
** contains any NULL value, jump immediately to P2.  If all terms of the
** record are not-NULL then a check is done to determine if any row in the
** P1 index btree has a matching key prefix.  If there are no matches, jump
** immediately to P2.  If there is a match, fall through and leave the P1
** cursor pointing to the matching row.
**
** This opcode is similar to OP_NotFound with the exceptions that the
** branch is always taken if any part of the search key input is NULL.
**
** See also: NotFound, Found, NotExists
*/
case OP_NoConflict:     /* jump, in3 */
case OP_NotFound:       /* jump, in3 */
case OP_Found: {        /* jump, in3 */
  int alreadyExists;
  int ii;
  VdbeCursor *pC;
  int res;
  char *pFree;
  UnpackedRecord *pIdxKey;
  UnpackedRecord r;
  char aTempRec[ROUND8(sizeof(UnpackedRecord)) + sizeof(Mem)*4 + 7];

#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
  if( pOp->opcode!=OP_NoConflict ) sqlite3_found_count++;
#endif

  alreadyExists = 0;
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_INT32 );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  pIn3 = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  assert( pC->pCursor!=0 );

  assert( pC->isTable==0 );
  if( pOp->p4.i>0 ){
    r.pKeyInfo = pC->pKeyInfo;
    r.nField = (u16)pOp->p4.i;
    r.aMem = pIn3;
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    {
      int i;
      for(i=0; i<r.nField; i++){
        assert( memIsValid(&r.aMem[i]) );
        if( i ) REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p3+i, &r.aMem[i]);
      }
    }
#endif
    r.flags = UNPACKED_PREFIX_MATCH;
    pIdxKey = &r;
  }else{
    pIdxKey = sqlite3VdbeAllocUnpackedRecord(
        pC->pKeyInfo, aTempRec, sizeof(aTempRec), &pFree
    ); 
    if( pIdxKey==0 ) goto no_mem;
    assert( pIn3->flags & MEM_Blob );
    assert( (pIn3->flags & MEM_Zero)==0 );  /* zeroblobs already expanded */
    sqlite3VdbeRecordUnpack(pC->pKeyInfo, pIn3->n, pIn3->z, pIdxKey);
    pIdxKey->flags |= UNPACKED_PREFIX_MATCH;
  }
  if( pOp->opcode==OP_NoConflict ){
    /* For the OP_NoConflict opcode, take the jump if any of the
    ** input fields are NULL, since any key with a NULL will not
    ** conflict */
    for(ii=0; ii<r.nField; ii++){
      if( r.aMem[ii].flags & MEM_Null ){
        pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
        break;
      }
    }
  }
  rc = sqlite3BtreeMovetoUnpacked(pC->pCursor, pIdxKey, 0, 0, &res);
  if( pOp->p4.i==0 ){
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pFree);
  }
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    break;
  }
  pC->seekResult = res;
  alreadyExists = (res==0);
  pC->nullRow = 1-alreadyExists;
  pC->deferredMoveto = 0;
  pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;

  if( pOp->opcode==OP_Found ){
    if( alreadyExists ) pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  }else{
    if( !alreadyExists ) pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  }
  break;
}


/* Opcode: NotExists P1 P2 P3 * *
** Synopsis: intkey=r[P3]
**


** P1 is the index of a cursor open on an SQL table btree (with integer
** keys).  P3 is an integer rowid.  If P1 does not contain a record with









** rowid P3 then jump immediately to P2.  If P1 does contain a record




























































** with rowid P3 then leave the cursor pointing at that record and fall
** through to the next instruction.











**




** The OP_NotFound opcode performs the same operation on index btrees
** (with arbitrary multi-value keys).
**





** See also: Found, NotFound, NoConflict
*/
case OP_NotExists: {        /* jump, in3 */
  VdbeCursor *pC;
  BtCursor *pCrsr;
  int res;
  u64 iKey;

................................................................................
  assert( pIn3->flags & MEM_Int );
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  assert( pC->isTable );
  assert( pC->pseudoTableReg==0 );
  pCrsr = pC->pCursor;
  assert( pCrsr!=0 );
  res = 0;
  iKey = pIn3->u.i;
  rc = sqlite3BtreeMovetoUnpacked(pCrsr, 0, iKey, 0, &res);
  pC->lastRowid = pIn3->u.i;
  pC->rowidIsValid = res==0 ?1:0;
  pC->nullRow = 0;
  pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
  pC->deferredMoveto = 0;
  if( res!=0 ){
    pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
    assert( pC->rowidIsValid==0 );
  }
  pC->seekResult = res;








  break;
}

/* Opcode: Sequence P1 P2 * * *
** Synopsis: r[P2]=rowid
**
** Find the next available sequence number for cursor P1.
** Write the sequence number into register P2.
** The sequence number on the cursor is incremented after this
** instruction.  
*/
case OP_Sequence: {           /* out2-prerelease */
................................................................................
  assert( p->apCsr[pOp->p1]!=0 );
  pOut->u.i = p->apCsr[pOp->p1]->seqCount++;
  break;
}


/* Opcode: NewRowid P1 P2 P3 * *
** Synopsis: r[P2]=rowid
**
** Get a new integer record number (a.k.a "rowid") used as the key to a table.
** The record number is not previously used as a key in the database
** table that cursor P1 points to.  The new record number is written
** written to register P2.
**
** If P3>0 then P3 is a register in the root frame of this VDBE that holds 
................................................................................
    pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
  }
  pOut->u.i = v;
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Insert P1 P2 P3 P4 P5
** Synopsis: intkey=r[P3] data=r[P2]
**
** Write an entry into the table of cursor P1.  A new entry is
** created if it doesn't already exist or the data for an existing
** entry is overwritten.  The data is the value MEM_Blob stored in register
** number P2. The key is stored in register P3. The key must
** be a MEM_Int.
**
................................................................................
** value of register P2 will then change.  Make sure this does not
** cause any problems.)
**
** This instruction only works on tables.  The equivalent instruction
** for indices is OP_IdxInsert.
*/
/* Opcode: InsertInt P1 P2 P3 P4 P5
** Synopsis:  intkey=P3 data=r[P2]
**
** This works exactly like OP_Insert except that the key is the
** integer value P3, not the value of the integer stored in register P3.
*/
case OP_Insert: 
case OP_InsertInt: {
  Mem *pData;       /* MEM cell holding data for the record to be inserted */
................................................................................
  Mem *pKey;        /* MEM cell holding key  for the record */
  i64 iKey;         /* The integer ROWID or key for the record to be inserted */
  VdbeCursor *pC;   /* Cursor to table into which insert is written */
  int nZero;        /* Number of zero-bytes to append */
  int seekResult;   /* Result of prior seek or 0 if no USESEEKRESULT flag */
  const char *zDb;  /* database name - used by the update hook */
  Table *pTab;      /* Table structure - used by update and pre-update hooks */
  int op = 0;       /* Opcode for update hook: SQLITE_UPDATE or SQLITE_INSERT */

  pData = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  assert( memIsValid(pData) );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  assert( pC->pCursor!=0 );
  assert( pC->pseudoTableReg==0 );
  assert( pC->isTable );
  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_TABLE || pOp->p4type>=P4_STATIC );
  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p2, pData);

  if( pOp->opcode==OP_Insert ){
    pKey = &aMem[pOp->p3];
    assert( pKey->flags & MEM_Int );
    assert( memIsValid(pKey) );
    REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p3, pKey);
................................................................................
                          pOp->p5 & OPFLAG_APPEND, seekResult
  );
  pC->rowidIsValid = 0;
  pC->deferredMoveto = 0;
  pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;

  /* Invoke the update-hook if required. */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && db->xUpdateCallback && op ){
    db->xUpdateCallback(db->pUpdateArg, op, zDb, pTab->zName, iKey);
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Delete P1 P2 P3 P4 *
**
................................................................................
*/
case OP_ResetCount: {
  sqlite3VdbeSetChanges(db, p->nChange);
  p->nChange = 0;
  break;
}

/* Opcode: SorterCompare P1 P2 P3 P4
** Synopsis:  if key(P1)!=rtrim(r[P3],P4) goto P2
**
** P1 is a sorter cursor. This instruction compares a prefix of the
** the record blob in register P3 against a prefix of the entry that 
** the sorter cursor currently points to.  The final P4 fields of both


** the P3 and sorter record are ignored.
**
** If either P3 or the sorter contains a NULL in one of their significant
** fields (not counting the P4 fields at the end which are ignored) then
** the comparison is assumed to be equal.
**
** Fall through to next instruction if the two records compare equal to
** each other.  Jump to P2 if they are different.
*/
case OP_SorterCompare: {
  VdbeCursor *pC;
  int res;
  int nIgnore;

  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( isSorter(pC) );
  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_INT32 );
  pIn3 = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  nIgnore = pOp->p4.i;
  rc = sqlite3VdbeSorterCompare(pC, pIn3, nIgnore, &res);
  if( res ){
    pc = pOp->p2-1;
  }
  break;
};

/* Opcode: SorterData P1 P2 * * *
** Synopsis: r[P2]=data
**
** Write into register P2 the current sorter data for sorter cursor P1.
*/
case OP_SorterData: {
  VdbeCursor *pC;

  pOut = &aMem[pOp->p2];
................................................................................
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC->isSorter );
  rc = sqlite3VdbeSorterRowkey(pC, pOut);
  break;
}

/* Opcode: RowData P1 P2 * * *
** Synopsis: r[P2]=data
**
** Write into register P2 the complete row data for cursor P1.
** There is no interpretation of the data.  
** It is just copied onto the P2 register exactly as 
** it is found in the database file.
**
** If the P1 cursor must be pointing to a valid row (not a NULL row)
** of a real table, not a pseudo-table.
*/
/* Opcode: RowKey P1 P2 * * *
** Synopsis: r[P2]=key
**
** Write into register P2 the complete row key for cursor P1.
** There is no interpretation of the data.  
** The key is copied onto the P3 register exactly as 
** it is found in the database file.
**
** If the P1 cursor must be pointing to a valid row (not a NULL row)
................................................................................
  if( pC->isIndex ){
    rc = sqlite3BtreeKey(pCrsr, 0, n, pOut->z);
  }else{
    rc = sqlite3BtreeData(pCrsr, 0, n, pOut->z);
  }
  pOut->enc = SQLITE_UTF8;  /* In case the blob is ever cast to text */
  UPDATE_MAX_BLOBSIZE(pOut);
  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p2, pOut);
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Rowid P1 P2 * * *
** Synopsis: r[P2]=rowid
**
** Store in register P2 an integer which is the key of the table entry that
** P1 is currently point to.
**
** P1 can be either an ordinary table or a virtual table.  There used to
** be a separate OP_VRowid opcode for use with virtual tables, but this
** one opcode now works for both table types.
................................................................................
  int res;

  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  pCrsr = pC->pCursor;
  res = 0;
  assert( pCrsr!=0 );
  rc = sqlite3BtreeLast(pCrsr, &res);

  pC->nullRow = (u8)res;
  pC->deferredMoveto = 0;
  pC->rowidIsValid = 0;
  pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
  if( pOp->p2>0 && res ){
    pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  }
................................................................................
  assert( pOp->p2>0 && pOp->p2<p->nOp );
  if( res ){
    pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Next P1 P2 * * P5
**
** Advance cursor P1 so that it points to the next key/data pair in its
** table or index.  If there are no more key/value pairs then fall through
** to the following instruction.  But if the cursor advance was successful,
** jump immediately to P2.
**
** The P1 cursor must be for a real table, not a pseudo-table.
................................................................................
#endif
  }
  pC->rowidIsValid = 0;
  goto check_for_interrupt;
}

/* Opcode: IdxInsert P1 P2 P3 * P5
** Synopsis: key=r[P2]
**
** Register P2 holds an SQL index key made using the
** MakeRecord instructions.  This opcode writes that key
** into the index P1.  Data for the entry is nil.
**
** P3 is a flag that provides a hint to the b-tree layer that this
** insert is likely to be an append.
................................................................................
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  assert( pC->isSorter==(pOp->opcode==OP_SorterInsert) );
  pIn2 = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  assert( pIn2->flags & MEM_Blob );
  pCrsr = pC->pCursor;
  if( pOp->p5 & OPFLAG_NCHANGE ) p->nChange++;
  assert( pCrsr!=0 );
  assert( pC->isTable==0 );
  rc = ExpandBlob(pIn2);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( isSorter(pC) ){
      rc = sqlite3VdbeSorterWrite(db, pC, pIn2);
    }else{
      nKey = pIn2->n;
................................................................................
      rc = sqlite3BtreeInsert(pCrsr, zKey, nKey, "", 0, 0, pOp->p3, 
          ((pOp->p5 & OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT) ? pC->seekResult : 0)
          );
      assert( pC->deferredMoveto==0 );
      pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
    }
  }

  break;
}

/* Opcode: IdxDelete P1 P2 P3 * *
** Synopsis: key=r[P2@P3]
**
** The content of P3 registers starting at register P2 form
** an unpacked index key. This opcode removes that entry from the 
** index opened by cursor P1.
*/
case OP_IdxDelete: {
  VdbeCursor *pC;
................................................................................

  assert( pOp->p3>0 );
  assert( pOp->p2>0 && pOp->p2+pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor)+1 );
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  pCrsr = pC->pCursor;
  assert( pCrsr!=0 );
  assert( pOp->p5==0 );
  r.pKeyInfo = pC->pKeyInfo;
  r.nField = (u16)pOp->p3;
  r.flags = UNPACKED_PREFIX_MATCH;
  r.aMem = &aMem[pOp->p2];
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  { int i; for(i=0; i<r.nField; i++) assert( memIsValid(&r.aMem[i]) ); }
#endif
  rc = sqlite3BtreeMovetoUnpacked(pCrsr, &r, 0, 0, &res);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && res==0 ){
    rc = sqlite3BtreeDelete(pCrsr);
  }
  assert( pC->deferredMoveto==0 );
  pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;

  break;
}

/* Opcode: IdxRowid P1 P2 * * *
** Synopsis: r[P2]=rowid
**
** Write into register P2 an integer which is the last entry in the record at
** the end of the index key pointed to by cursor P1.  This integer should be
** the rowid of the table entry to which this index entry points.
**
** See also: Rowid, MakeRecord.
*/
................................................................................
  VdbeCursor *pC;
  i64 rowid;

  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  pCrsr = pC->pCursor;
  assert( pCrsr!=0 );
  pOut->flags = MEM_Null;

  rc = sqlite3VdbeCursorMoveto(pC);
  if( NEVER(rc) ) goto abort_due_to_error;
  assert( pC->deferredMoveto==0 );
  assert( pC->isTable==0 );
  if( !pC->nullRow ){
    rc = sqlite3VdbeIdxRowid(db, pCrsr, &rowid);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      goto abort_due_to_error;
    }
    pOut->u.i = rowid;
    pOut->flags = MEM_Int;
  }

  break;
}

/* Opcode: IdxGE P1 P2 P3 P4 P5
** Synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]
**
** The P4 register values beginning with P3 form an unpacked index 
** key that omits the ROWID.  Compare this key value against the index 
** that P1 is currently pointing to, ignoring the ROWID on the P1 index.
**
** If the P1 index entry is greater than or equal to the key value
** then jump to P2.  Otherwise fall through to the next instruction.
................................................................................
**
** If P5 is non-zero then the key value is increased by an epsilon 
** prior to the comparison.  This make the opcode work like IdxGT except
** that if the key from register P3 is a prefix of the key in the cursor,
** the result is false whereas it would be true with IdxGT.
*/
/* Opcode: IdxLT P1 P2 P3 P4 P5
** Synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]
**
** The P4 register values beginning with P3 form an unpacked index 
** key that omits the ROWID.  Compare this key value against the index 
** that P1 is currently pointing to, ignoring the ROWID on the P1 index.
**
** If the P1 index entry is less than the key value then jump to P2.
** Otherwise fall through to the next instruction.
................................................................................
  int res;
  UnpackedRecord r;

  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  assert( pC->isOrdered );
  assert( pC->pCursor!=0);
  assert( pC->deferredMoveto==0 );
  assert( pOp->p5==0 || pOp->p5==1 );
  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_INT32 );
  r.pKeyInfo = pC->pKeyInfo;
  r.nField = (u16)pOp->p4.i;
  if( pOp->p5 ){
    r.flags = UNPACKED_INCRKEY | UNPACKED_PREFIX_MATCH;
................................................................................
  }else{
    assert( pOp->opcode==OP_IdxGE );
    res++;
  }
  if( res>0 ){
    pc = pOp->p2 - 1 ;
  }

  break;
}

/* Opcode: Destroy P1 P2 P3 * *
**
** Delete an entire database table or index whose root page in the database
** file is given by P1.
................................................................................
      aMem[pOp->p3].u.i += nChange;
    }
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: CreateTable P1 P2 * * *
** Synopsis: r[P2]=root iDb=P1
**
** Allocate a new table in the main database file if P1==0 or in the
** auxiliary database file if P1==1 or in an attached database if
** P1>1.  Write the root page number of the new table into
** register P2
**
** The difference between a table and an index is this:  A table must
** have a 4-byte integer key and can have arbitrary data.  An index
** has an arbitrary key but no data.
**
** See also: CreateIndex
*/
/* Opcode: CreateIndex P1 P2 * * *
** Synopsis: r[P2]=root iDb=P1
**
** Allocate a new index in the main database file if P1==0 or in the
** auxiliary database file if P1==1 or in an attached database if
** P1>1.  Write the root page number of the new table into
** register P2.
**
** See documentation on OP_CreateTable for additional information.
................................................................................
  UPDATE_MAX_BLOBSIZE(pIn1);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeEncoding(pIn1, encoding);
  break;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_INTEGRITY_CHECK */

/* Opcode: RowSetAdd P1 P2 * * *
** Synopsis:  rowset(P1)=r[P2]
**
** Insert the integer value held by register P2 into a boolean index
** held in register P1.
**
** An assertion fails if P2 is not an integer.
*/
case OP_RowSetAdd: {       /* in1, in2 */
................................................................................
    if( (pIn1->flags & MEM_RowSet)==0 ) goto no_mem;
  }
  sqlite3RowSetInsert(pIn1->u.pRowSet, pIn2->u.i);
  break;
}

/* Opcode: RowSetRead P1 P2 P3 * *
** Synopsis:  r[P3]=rowset(P1)
**
** Extract the smallest value from boolean index P1 and put that value into
** register P3.  Or, if boolean index P1 is initially empty, leave P3
** unchanged and jump to instruction P2.
*/
case OP_RowSetRead: {       /* jump, in1, out3 */
  i64 val;
................................................................................
    /* A value was pulled from the index */
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetInt64(&aMem[pOp->p3], val);
  }
  goto check_for_interrupt;
}

/* Opcode: RowSetTest P1 P2 P3 P4
** Synopsis: if r[P3] in rowset(P1) goto P2
**
** Register P3 is assumed to hold a 64-bit integer value. If register P1
** contains a RowSet object and that RowSet object contains
** the value held in P3, jump to register P2. Otherwise, insert the
** integer in P3 into the RowSet and continue on to the
** next opcode.
**
................................................................................
  break;
}

#endif /* #ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY
/* Opcode: FkCounter P1 P2 * * *
** Synopsis: fkctr[P1]+=P2
**
** Increment a "constraint counter" by P2 (P2 may be negative or positive).
** If P1 is non-zero, the database constraint counter is incremented 
** (deferred foreign key constraints). Otherwise, if P1 is zero, the 
** statement counter is incremented (immediate foreign key constraints).
*/
case OP_FkCounter: {
................................................................................
  }else{
    p->nFkConstraint += pOp->p2;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: FkIfZero P1 P2 * * *
** Synopsis: if fkctr[P1]==0 goto P2
**
** This opcode tests if a foreign key constraint-counter is currently zero.
** If so, jump to instruction P2. Otherwise, fall through to the next 
** instruction.
**
** If P1 is non-zero, then the jump is taken if the database constraint-counter
** is zero (the one that counts deferred constraint violations). If P1 is
................................................................................
  }
  break;
}
#endif /* #ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINCREMENT
/* Opcode: MemMax P1 P2 * * *
** Synopsis: r[P1]=max(r[P1],r[P2])
**
** P1 is a register in the root frame of this VM (the root frame is
** different from the current frame if this instruction is being executed
** within a sub-program). Set the value of register P1 to the maximum of 
** its current value and the value in register P2.
**
** This instruction throws an error if the memory cell is not initially
................................................................................
    pIn1->u.i = pIn2->u.i;
  }
  break;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINCREMENT */

/* Opcode: IfPos P1 P2 * * *
** Synopsis: if r[P1]>0 goto P2
**
** If the value of register P1 is 1 or greater, jump to P2.
**
** It is illegal to use this instruction on a register that does
** not contain an integer.  An assertion fault will result if you try.
*/
case OP_IfPos: {        /* jump, in1 */
................................................................................
  if( pIn1->u.i>0 ){
     pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: IfNeg P1 P2 * * *
** Synopsis: if r[P1]<0 goto P2
**
** If the value of register P1 is less than zero, jump to P2. 
**
** It is illegal to use this instruction on a register that does
** not contain an integer.  An assertion fault will result if you try.
*/
case OP_IfNeg: {        /* jump, in1 */
................................................................................
  if( pIn1->u.i<0 ){
     pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: IfZero P1 P2 P3 * *
** Synopsis: r[P1]+=P3, if r[P1]==0 goto P2
**
** The register P1 must contain an integer.  Add literal P3 to the
** value in register P1.  If the result is exactly 0, jump to P2. 
**
** It is illegal to use this instruction on a register that does
** not contain an integer.  An assertion fault will result if you try.
*/
................................................................................
  if( pIn1->u.i==0 ){
     pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: AggStep * P2 P3 P4 P5
** Synopsis: accum=r[P3] step(r[P2@P5])
**
** Execute the step function for an aggregate.  The
** function has P5 arguments.   P4 is a pointer to the FuncDef
** structure that specifies the function.  Use register
** P3 as the accumulator.
**
** The P5 arguments are taken from register P2 and its
................................................................................

  sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(&ctx.s);

  break;
}

/* Opcode: AggFinal P1 P2 * P4 *
** Synopsis: accum=r[P1] N=P2
**
** Execute the finalizer function for an aggregate.  P1 is
** the memory location that is the accumulator for the aggregate.
**
** P2 is the number of arguments that the step function takes and
** P4 is a pointer to the FuncDef for this function.  The P2
** argument is not used by this opcode.  It is only there to disambiguate
................................................................................
    p->expired = 1;
  }
  break;
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE
/* Opcode: TableLock P1 P2 P3 P4 *
** Synopsis: iDb=P1 root=P2 write=P3
**
** Obtain a lock on a particular table. This instruction is only used when
** the shared-cache feature is enabled. 
**
** P1 is the index of the database in sqlite3.aDb[] of the database
** on which the lock is acquired.  A readlock is obtained if P3==0 or
** a write lock if P3==1.
................................................................................
  }
  break;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
/* Opcode: VFilter P1 P2 P3 P4 *
** Synopsis: iPlan=r[P3] zPlan='P4'
**
** P1 is a cursor opened using VOpen.  P2 is an address to jump to if
** the filtered result set is empty.
**
** P4 is either NULL or a string that was generated by the xBestIndex
** method of the module.  The interpretation of the P4 string is left
** to the module implementation.
................................................................................

  break;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
/* Opcode: VColumn P1 P2 P3 * *
** Synopsis: r[P3]=vcolumn(P2)
**
** Store the value of the P2-th column of
** the row of the virtual-table that the 
** P1 cursor is pointing to into register P3.
*/
case OP_VColumn: {
  sqlite3_vtab *pVtab;
................................................................................
  }
  break;
}
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
/* Opcode: VUpdate P1 P2 P3 P4 *
** Synopsis: data=r[P3@P2]
**
** P4 is a pointer to a virtual table object, an sqlite3_vtab structure.
** This opcode invokes the corresponding xUpdate method. P2 values
** are contiguous memory cells starting at P3 to pass to the xUpdate 
** invocation. The value in register (P3+P2-1) corresponds to the 
** p2th element of the argv array passed to xUpdate.
**

Changes to src/vdbe.h.

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    VTable *pVtab;         /* Used when p4type is P4_VTAB */
    KeyInfo *pKeyInfo;     /* Used when p4type is P4_KEYINFO */
    int *ai;               /* Used when p4type is P4_INTARRAY */
    SubProgram *pProgram;  /* Used when p4type is P4_SUBPROGRAM */
    Table *pTab;           /* Used when p4type is P4_TABLE */
    int (*xAdvance)(BtCursor *, int *);
  } p4;
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  char *zComment;          /* Comment to improve readability */
#endif
#ifdef VDBE_PROFILE
  int cnt;                 /* Number of times this instruction was executed */
  u64 cycles;              /* Total time spent executing this instruction */
#endif
};
................................................................................
#define P4_INT64    (-13) /* P4 is a 64-bit signed integer */
#define P4_INT32    (-14) /* P4 is a 32-bit signed integer */
#define P4_INTARRAY (-15) /* P4 is a vector of 32-bit integers */
#define P4_SUBPROGRAM  (-18) /* P4 is a pointer to a SubProgram structure */
#define P4_ADVANCE  (-19) /* P4 is a pointer to BtreeNext() or BtreePrev() */
#define P4_TABLE    (-20) /* P4 is a pointer to a Table structure */

/* When adding a P4 argument using P4_KEYINFO, a copy of the KeyInfo structure
** is made.  That copy is freed when the Vdbe is finalized.  But if the
** argument is P4_KEYINFO_HANDOFF, the passed in pointer is used.  It still
** gets freed when the Vdbe is finalized so it still should be obtained
** from a single sqliteMalloc().  But no copy is made and the calling
** function should *not* try to free the KeyInfo.
*/
#define P4_KEYINFO_HANDOFF (-16)
#define P4_KEYINFO_STATIC  (-17)

/*
** The Vdbe.aColName array contains 5n Mem structures, where n is the 
** number of columns of data returned by the statement.
*/
#define COLNAME_NAME     0
#define COLNAME_DECLTYPE 1
................................................................................
void sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(Vdbe*, u32 addr, int P1);
void sqlite3VdbeChangeP2(Vdbe*, u32 addr, int P2);
void sqlite3VdbeChangeP3(Vdbe*, u32 addr, int P3);
void sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(Vdbe*, u8 P5);
void sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(Vdbe*, int addr);
void sqlite3VdbeChangeToNoop(Vdbe*, int addr);
void sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(Vdbe*, int addr, const char *zP4, int N);

void sqlite3VdbeUsesBtree(Vdbe*, int);
VdbeOp *sqlite3VdbeGetOp(Vdbe*, int);
int sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(Vdbe*);
void sqlite3VdbeRunOnlyOnce(Vdbe*);
void sqlite3VdbeDelete(Vdbe*);
void sqlite3VdbeClearObject(sqlite3*,Vdbe*);
void sqlite3VdbeMakeReady(Vdbe*,Parse*);
................................................................................
int sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(int,const void*,UnpackedRecord*);
UnpackedRecord *sqlite3VdbeAllocUnpackedRecord(KeyInfo *, char *, int, char **);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
void sqlite3VdbeLinkSubProgram(Vdbe *, SubProgram *);
#endif



#ifndef NDEBUG






  void sqlite3VdbeComment(Vdbe*, const char*, ...);
# define VdbeComment(X)  sqlite3VdbeComment X
  void sqlite3VdbeNoopComment(Vdbe*, const char*, ...);
# define VdbeNoopComment(X)  sqlite3VdbeNoopComment X





#else
# define VdbeComment(X)
# define VdbeNoopComment(X)

#endif

#endif







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    VTable *pVtab;         /* Used when p4type is P4_VTAB */
    KeyInfo *pKeyInfo;     /* Used when p4type is P4_KEYINFO */
    int *ai;               /* Used when p4type is P4_INTARRAY */
    SubProgram *pProgram;  /* Used when p4type is P4_SUBPROGRAM */
    Table *pTab;           /* Used when p4type is P4_TABLE */
    int (*xAdvance)(BtCursor *, int *);
  } p4;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_EXPLAIN_COMMENTS
  char *zComment;          /* Comment to improve readability */
#endif
#ifdef VDBE_PROFILE
  int cnt;                 /* Number of times this instruction was executed */
  u64 cycles;              /* Total time spent executing this instruction */
#endif
};
................................................................................
#define P4_INT64    (-13) /* P4 is a 64-bit signed integer */
#define P4_INT32    (-14) /* P4 is a 32-bit signed integer */
#define P4_INTARRAY (-15) /* P4 is a vector of 32-bit integers */
#define P4_SUBPROGRAM  (-18) /* P4 is a pointer to a SubProgram structure */
#define P4_ADVANCE  (-19) /* P4 is a pointer to BtreeNext() or BtreePrev() */
#define P4_TABLE    (-20) /* P4 is a pointer to a Table structure */

/* Error message codes for OP_Halt */
#define P5_ConstraintNotNull 1
#define P5_ConstraintUnique  2
#define P5_ConstraintCheck   3
#define P5_ConstraintFK      4





/*
** The Vdbe.aColName array contains 5n Mem structures, where n is the 
** number of columns of data returned by the statement.
*/
#define COLNAME_NAME     0
#define COLNAME_DECLTYPE 1
................................................................................
void sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(Vdbe*, u32 addr, int P1);
void sqlite3VdbeChangeP2(Vdbe*, u32 addr, int P2);
void sqlite3VdbeChangeP3(Vdbe*, u32 addr, int P3);
void sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(Vdbe*, u8 P5);
void sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(Vdbe*, int addr);
void sqlite3VdbeChangeToNoop(Vdbe*, int addr);
void sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(Vdbe*, int addr, const char *zP4, int N);
void sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(Parse*, Index*);
void sqlite3VdbeUsesBtree(Vdbe*, int);
VdbeOp *sqlite3VdbeGetOp(Vdbe*, int);
int sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(Vdbe*);
void sqlite3VdbeRunOnlyOnce(Vdbe*);
void sqlite3VdbeDelete(Vdbe*);
void sqlite3VdbeClearObject(sqlite3*,Vdbe*);
void sqlite3VdbeMakeReady(Vdbe*,Parse*);
................................................................................
int sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(int,const void*,UnpackedRecord*);
UnpackedRecord *sqlite3VdbeAllocUnpackedRecord(KeyInfo *, char *, int, char **);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
void sqlite3VdbeLinkSubProgram(Vdbe *, SubProgram *);
#endif


/* Use SQLITE_ENABLE_COMMENTS to enable generation of extra comments on
** each VDBE opcode.
**
** Use the SQLITE_ENABLE_MODULE_COMMENTS macro to see some extra no-op
** comments in VDBE programs that show key decision points in the code
** generator.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_EXPLAIN_COMMENTS
  void sqlite3VdbeComment(Vdbe*, const char*, ...);
# define VdbeComment(X)  sqlite3VdbeComment X
  void sqlite3VdbeNoopComment(Vdbe*, const char*, ...);
# define VdbeNoopComment(X)  sqlite3VdbeNoopComment X
# ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_MODULE_COMMENTS
#   define VdbeModuleComment(X)  sqlite3VdbeNoopComment X
# else
#   define VdbeModuleComment(X)
# endif
#else
# define VdbeComment(X)
# define VdbeNoopComment(X)
# define VdbeModuleComment(X)
#endif

#endif

Changes to src/vdbeInt.h.

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  sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pVtabCursor;  /* The cursor for a virtual table */
  const sqlite3_module *pModule;     /* Module for cursor pVtabCursor */
  i64 seqCount;         /* Sequence counter */
  i64 movetoTarget;     /* Argument to the deferred sqlite3BtreeMoveto() */
  i64 lastRowid;        /* Last rowid from a Next or NextIdx operation */
  VdbeSorter *pSorter;  /* Sorter object for OP_SorterOpen cursors */

  /* Result of last sqlite3BtreeMoveto() done by an OP_NotExists or 
  ** OP_IsUnique opcode on this cursor. */
  int seekResult;

  /* Cached information about the header for the data record that the
  ** cursor is currently pointing to.  Only valid if cacheStatus matches
  ** Vdbe.cacheCtr.  Vdbe.cacheCtr will never take on the value of
  ** CACHE_STALE and so setting cacheStatus=CACHE_STALE guarantees that
  ** the cache is out of date.
................................................................................

int sqlite3VdbeSorterInit(sqlite3 *, VdbeCursor *);
void sqlite3VdbeSorterClose(sqlite3 *, VdbeCursor *);
int sqlite3VdbeSorterRowkey(const VdbeCursor *, Mem *);
int sqlite3VdbeSorterNext(sqlite3 *, const VdbeCursor *, int *);
int sqlite3VdbeSorterRewind(sqlite3 *, const VdbeCursor *, int *);
int sqlite3VdbeSorterWrite(sqlite3 *, const VdbeCursor *, Mem *);
int sqlite3VdbeSorterCompare(const VdbeCursor *, Mem *, int *);

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE) && SQLITE_THREADSAFE>0
  void sqlite3VdbeEnter(Vdbe*);
  void sqlite3VdbeLeave(Vdbe*);
#else
# define sqlite3VdbeEnter(X)
# define sqlite3VdbeLeave(X)







|
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  sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pVtabCursor;  /* The cursor for a virtual table */
  const sqlite3_module *pModule;     /* Module for cursor pVtabCursor */
  i64 seqCount;         /* Sequence counter */
  i64 movetoTarget;     /* Argument to the deferred sqlite3BtreeMoveto() */
  i64 lastRowid;        /* Last rowid from a Next or NextIdx operation */
  VdbeSorter *pSorter;  /* Sorter object for OP_SorterOpen cursors */

  /* Result of last sqlite3BtreeMoveto() done by an OP_NotExists */

  int seekResult;

  /* Cached information about the header for the data record that the
  ** cursor is currently pointing to.  Only valid if cacheStatus matches
  ** Vdbe.cacheCtr.  Vdbe.cacheCtr will never take on the value of
  ** CACHE_STALE and so setting cacheStatus=CACHE_STALE guarantees that
  ** the cache is out of date.
................................................................................

int sqlite3VdbeSorterInit(sqlite3 *, VdbeCursor *);
void sqlite3VdbeSorterClose(sqlite3 *, VdbeCursor *);
int sqlite3VdbeSorterRowkey(const VdbeCursor *, Mem *);
int sqlite3VdbeSorterNext(sqlite3 *, const VdbeCursor *, int *);
int sqlite3VdbeSorterRewind(sqlite3 *, const VdbeCursor *, int *);
int sqlite3VdbeSorterWrite(sqlite3 *, const VdbeCursor *, Mem *);
int sqlite3VdbeSorterCompare(const VdbeCursor *, Mem *, int, int *);

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE) && SQLITE_THREADSAFE>0
  void sqlite3VdbeEnter(Vdbe*);
  void sqlite3VdbeLeave(Vdbe*);
#else
# define sqlite3VdbeEnter(X)
# define sqlite3VdbeLeave(X)

Changes to src/vdbeaux.c.

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  if( pNew ){
    p->nOpAlloc = sqlite3DbMallocSize(p->db, pNew)/sizeof(Op);
    p->aOp = pNew;
  }
  return (pNew ? SQLITE_OK : SQLITE_NOMEM);
}












/*
** Add a new instruction to the list of instructions current in the
** VDBE.  Return the address of the new instruction.
**
** Parameters:
**
**    p               Pointer to the VDBE
................................................................................
  pOp->opcode = (u8)op;
  pOp->p5 = 0;
  pOp->p1 = p1;
  pOp->p2 = p2;
  pOp->p3 = p3;
  pOp->p4.p = 0;
  pOp->p4type = P4_NOTUSED;
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  pOp->zComment = 0;


  if( p->db->flags & SQLITE_VdbeAddopTrace ){
    sqlite3VdbePrintOp(0, i, &p->aOp[i]);

  }
#endif
#ifdef VDBE_PROFILE
  pOp->cycles = 0;
  pOp->cnt = 0;
#endif
  return i;
................................................................................
    int i;
    VdbeOpList const *pIn = aOp;
    for(i=0; i<nOp; i++, pIn++){
      int p2 = pIn->p2;
      VdbeOp *pOut = &p->aOp[i+addr];
      pOut->opcode = pIn->opcode;
      pOut->p1 = pIn->p1;

      if( p2<0 && (sqlite3OpcodeProperty[pOut->opcode] & OPFLG_JUMP)!=0 ){
        pOut->p2 = addr + ADDR(p2);
      }else{
        pOut->p2 = p2;
      }
      pOut->p3 = pIn->p3;
      pOut->p4type = P4_NOTUSED;
      pOut->p4.p = 0;
      pOut->p5 = 0;
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
      pOut->zComment = 0;


      if( p->db->flags & SQLITE_VdbeAddopTrace ){
        sqlite3VdbePrintOp(0, i+addr, &p->aOp[i+addr]);
      }
#endif
    }
    p->nOp += nOp;
  }
................................................................................
static void freeP4(sqlite3 *db, int p4type, void *p4){
  if( p4 ){
    assert( db );
    switch( p4type ){
      case P4_REAL:
      case P4_INT64:
      case P4_DYNAMIC:
      case P4_KEYINFO:
      case P4_INTARRAY:
      case P4_KEYINFO_HANDOFF: {
        sqlite3DbFree(db, p4);
        break;




      }
      case P4_MPRINTF: {
        if( db->pnBytesFreed==0 ) sqlite3_free(p4);
        break;
      }
      case P4_FUNCDEF: {
        freeEphemeralFunction(db, (FuncDef*)p4);
................................................................................
** nOp entries. 
*/
static void vdbeFreeOpArray(sqlite3 *db, Op *aOp, int nOp){
  if( aOp ){
    Op *pOp;
    for(pOp=aOp; pOp<&aOp[nOp]; pOp++){
      freeP4(db, pOp->p4type, pOp->p4.p);
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
      sqlite3DbFree(db, pOp->zComment);
#endif     
    }
  }
  sqlite3DbFree(db, aOp);
}

................................................................................
void sqlite3VdbeChangeToNoop(Vdbe *p, int addr){
  if( p->aOp ){
    VdbeOp *pOp = &p->aOp[addr];
    sqlite3 *db = p->db;
    freeP4(db, pOp->p4type, pOp->p4.p);
    memset(pOp, 0, sizeof(pOp[0]));
    pOp->opcode = OP_Noop;

  }
}

/*
** Change the value of the P4 operand for a specific instruction.
** This routine is useful when a large program is loaded from a
** static array using sqlite3VdbeAddOpList but we want to make a
................................................................................
** few minor changes to the program.
**
** If n>=0 then the P4 operand is dynamic, meaning that a copy of
** the string is made into memory obtained from sqlite3_malloc().
** A value of n==0 means copy bytes of zP4 up to and including the
** first null byte.  If n>0 then copy n+1 bytes of zP4.
**
** If n==P4_KEYINFO it means that zP4 is a pointer to a KeyInfo structure.
** A copy is made of the KeyInfo structure into memory obtained from
** sqlite3_malloc, to be freed when the Vdbe is finalized.
** n==P4_KEYINFO_HANDOFF indicates that zP4 points to a KeyInfo structure
** stored in memory that the caller has obtained from sqlite3_malloc. The 
** caller should not free the allocation, it will be freed when the Vdbe is
** finalized.
** 
** Other values of n (P4_STATIC, P4_COLLSEQ etc.) indicate that zP4 points
** to a string or structure that is guaranteed to exist for the lifetime of
** the Vdbe. In these cases we can just copy the pointer.
**
** If addr<0 then change P4 on the most recently inserted instruction.
*/
void sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(Vdbe *p, int addr, const char *zP4, int n){
  Op *pOp;
  sqlite3 *db;
  assert( p!=0 );
  db = p->db;
  assert( p->magic==VDBE_MAGIC_INIT );
  if( p->aOp==0 || db->mallocFailed ){
    if ( n!=P4_KEYINFO && n!=P4_VTAB ) {
      freeP4(db, n, (void*)*(char**)&zP4);
    }
    return;
  }
  assert( p->nOp>0 );
  assert( addr<p->nOp );
  if( addr<0 ){
................................................................................
    ** that was cast to a (const char *). */
    pOp->p4.i = SQLITE_PTR_TO_INT(zP4);
    pOp->p4type = P4_INT32;
  }else if( zP4==0 ){
    pOp->p4.p = 0;
    pOp->p4type = P4_NOTUSED;
  }else if( n==P4_KEYINFO ){
    KeyInfo *pOrig, *pNew;

    pOrig = (KeyInfo*)zP4;
    pOp->p4.pKeyInfo = pNew = sqlite3KeyInfoAlloc(db, pOrig->nField);
    if( pNew ){
      memcpy(pNew->aColl, pOrig->aColl, pOrig->nField*sizeof(pNew->aColl[0]));
      memcpy(pNew->aSortOrder, pOrig->aSortOrder, pOrig->nField);
      pOp->p4type = P4_KEYINFO;
    }else{
      p->db->mallocFailed = 1;
      pOp->p4type = P4_NOTUSED;
    }
  }else if( n==P4_KEYINFO_HANDOFF ){
    pOp->p4.p = (void*)zP4;
    pOp->p4type = P4_KEYINFO;
  }else if( n==P4_VTAB ){
    pOp->p4.p = (void*)zP4;
    pOp->p4type = P4_VTAB;
    sqlite3VtabLock((VTable *)zP4);
    assert( ((VTable *)zP4)->db==p->db );
................................................................................
  }else{
    if( n==0 ) n = sqlite3Strlen30(zP4);
    pOp->p4.z = sqlite3DbStrNDup(p->db, zP4, n);
    pOp->p4type = P4_DYNAMIC;
  }
}

#ifndef NDEBUG













/*
** Change the comment on the most recently coded instruction.  Or
** insert a No-op and add the comment to that new instruction.  This
** makes the code easier to read during debugging.  None of this happens
** in a production build.
*/
static void vdbeVComment(Vdbe *p, const char *zFormat, va_list ap){
................................................................................
  assert( (addr>=0 && addr<p->nOp) || p->db->mallocFailed );
  if( p->db->mallocFailed ){
    return (VdbeOp*)&dummy;
  }else{
    return &p->aOp[addr];
  }
}












































































#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN) || !defined(NDEBUG) \
     || defined(VDBE_PROFILE) || defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
/*
** Compute a string that describes the P4 parameter for an opcode.
** Use zTemp for any required temporary buffer space.
*/
static char *displayP4(Op *pOp, char *zTemp, int nTemp){
  char *zP4 = zTemp;
  assert( nTemp>=20 );
  switch( pOp->p4type ){
    case P4_KEYINFO_STATIC:
    case P4_KEYINFO: {
      int i, j;
      KeyInfo *pKeyInfo = pOp->p4.pKeyInfo;
      assert( pKeyInfo->aSortOrder!=0 );
      sqlite3_snprintf(nTemp, zTemp, "keyinfo(%d", pKeyInfo->nField);
      i = sqlite3Strlen30(zTemp);
      for(j=0; j<pKeyInfo->nField; j++){
        CollSeq *pColl = pKeyInfo->aColl[j];
        const char *zColl = pColl ? pColl->zName : "nil";
        int n = sqlite3Strlen30(zColl);




        if( i+n>nTemp-6 ){
          memcpy(&zTemp[i],",...",4);
          break;
        }
        zTemp[i++] = ',';
        if( pKeyInfo->aSortOrder[j] ){
          zTemp[i++] = '-';
................................................................................
#if defined(VDBE_PROFILE) || defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
/*
** Print a single opcode.  This routine is used for debugging only.
*/
void sqlite3VdbePrintOp(FILE *pOut, int pc, Op *pOp){
  char *zP4;
  char zPtr[50];

  static const char *zFormat1 = "%4d %-13s %4d %4d %4d %-4s %.2X %s\n";
  if( pOut==0 ) pOut = stdout;
  zP4 = displayP4(pOp, zPtr, sizeof(zPtr));
  fprintf(pOut, zFormat1, pc, 
      sqlite3OpcodeName(pOp->opcode), pOp->p1, pOp->p2, pOp->p3, zP4, pOp->p5,
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
      pOp->zComment ? pOp->zComment : ""

#else
      ""

#endif



  );
  fflush(pOut);
}
#endif

/*
** Release an array of N Mem elements
................................................................................
    p->rc = SQLITE_OK;
    rc = SQLITE_DONE;
  }else if( db->u1.isInterrupted ){
    p->rc = SQLITE_INTERRUPT;
    rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
    sqlite3SetString(&p->zErrMsg, db, "%s", sqlite3ErrStr(p->rc));
  }else{
    char *z;
    Op *pOp;
    if( i<p->nOp ){
      /* The output line number is small enough that we are still in the
      ** main program. */
      pOp = &p->aOp[i];
    }else{
      /* We are currently listing subprograms.  Figure out which one and
................................................................................
    pMem++;

    if( sqlite3VdbeMemGrow(pMem, 32, 0) ){            /* P4 */
      assert( p->db->mallocFailed );
      return SQLITE_ERROR;
    }
    pMem->flags = MEM_Dyn|MEM_Str|MEM_Term;
    z = displayP4(pOp, pMem->z, 32);
    if( z!=pMem->z ){
      sqlite3VdbeMemSetStr(pMem, z, -1, SQLITE_UTF8, 0);
    }else{
      assert( pMem->z!=0 );
      pMem->n = sqlite3Strlen30(pMem->z);
      pMem->enc = SQLITE_UTF8;
    }
    pMem->type = SQLITE_TEXT;
    pMem++;
................................................................................
      pMem->flags = MEM_Dyn|MEM_Str|MEM_Term;
      pMem->n = 2;
      sqlite3_snprintf(3, pMem->z, "%.2x", pOp->p5);   /* P5 */
      pMem->type = SQLITE_TEXT;
      pMem->enc = SQLITE_UTF8;
      pMem++;
  
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
      if( pOp->zComment ){
        pMem->flags = MEM_Str|MEM_Term;
        pMem->z = pOp->zComment;
        pMem->n = sqlite3Strlen30(pMem->z);
        pMem->enc = SQLITE_UTF8;
        pMem->type = SQLITE_TEXT;
      }else
#endif
      {
        pMem->flags = MEM_Null;                       /* Comment */
        pMem->type = SQLITE_NULL;
      }
    }

    p->nResColumn = 8 - 4*(p->explain-1);
    p->pResultSet = &p->aMem[1];
    p->rc = SQLITE_OK;
    rc = SQLITE_ROW;
  }
................................................................................
int sqlite3VdbeCheckFk(Vdbe *p, int deferred){
  sqlite3 *db = p->db;
  if( (deferred && (db->nDeferredCons+db->nDeferredImmCons)>0) 
   || (!deferred && p->nFkConstraint>0) 
  ){
    p->rc = SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_FOREIGNKEY;
    p->errorAction = OE_Abort;
    sqlite3SetString(&p->zErrMsg, db, "foreign key constraint failed");
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
#endif

/*
................................................................................
  ** impact, since this routine is a very high runner.  And so, we choose
  ** to ignore the compiler warnings and leave this variable uninitialized.
  */
  /*  mem1.u.i = 0;  // not needed, here to silence compiler warning */
  
  idx1 = getVarint32(aKey1, szHdr1);
  d1 = szHdr1;
  assert( pKeyInfo->nField+1>=pPKey2->nField );
  assert( pKeyInfo->aSortOrder!=0 );
  while( idx1<szHdr1 && i<pPKey2->nField ){
    u32 serial_type1;

    /* Read the serial types for the next element in each key. */
    idx1 += getVarint32( aKey1+idx1, serial_type1 );

................................................................................
    d1 += sqlite3VdbeSerialGet(&aKey1[d1], serial_type1, &mem1);

    /* Do the comparison
    */
    rc = sqlite3MemCompare(&mem1, &pPKey2->aMem[i], pKeyInfo->aColl[i]);
    if( rc!=0 ){
      assert( mem1.zMalloc==0 );  /* See comment below */

      /* Invert the result if we are using DESC sort order. */
      if( pKeyInfo->aSortOrder[i] ){
        rc = -rc;

      }
    
      /* If the PREFIX_SEARCH flag is set and all fields except the final
      ** rowid field were equal, then clear the PREFIX_SEARCH flag and set 
      ** pPKey2->rowid to the value of the rowid field in (pKey1, nKey1).
      ** This is used by the OP_IsUnique opcode.
      */
      if( (pPKey2->flags & UNPACKED_PREFIX_SEARCH) && i==(pPKey2->nField-1) ){
        assert( idx1==szHdr1 && rc );
        assert( mem1.flags & MEM_Int );
        pPKey2->flags &= ~UNPACKED_PREFIX_SEARCH;
        pPKey2->rowid = mem1.u.i;
      }
    
      return rc;
    }
    i++;
  }

  /* No memory allocation is ever used on mem1.  Prove this using
  ** the following assert().  If the assert() fails, it indicates a







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  if( pNew ){
    p->nOpAlloc = sqlite3DbMallocSize(p->db, pNew)/sizeof(Op);
    p->aOp = pNew;
  }
  return (pNew ? SQLITE_OK : SQLITE_NOMEM);
}

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
/* This routine is just a convenient place to set a breakpoint that will
** fire after each opcode is inserted and displayed using
** "PRAGMA vdbe_addoptrace=on".
*/
static void test_addop_breakpoint(void){
  static int n = 0;
  n++;
}
#endif

/*
** Add a new instruction to the list of instructions current in the
** VDBE.  Return the address of the new instruction.
**
** Parameters:
**
**    p               Pointer to the VDBE
................................................................................
  pOp->opcode = (u8)op;
  pOp->p5 = 0;
  pOp->p1 = p1;
  pOp->p2 = p2;
  pOp->p3 = p3;
  pOp->p4.p = 0;
  pOp->p4type = P4_NOTUSED;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_EXPLAIN_COMMENTS
  pOp->zComment = 0;
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  if( p->db->flags & SQLITE_VdbeAddopTrace ){
    sqlite3VdbePrintOp(0, i, &p->aOp[i]);
    test_addop_breakpoint();
  }
#endif
#ifdef VDBE_PROFILE
  pOp->cycles = 0;
  pOp->cnt = 0;
#endif
  return i;
................................................................................
    int i;
    VdbeOpList const *pIn = aOp;
    for(i=0; i<nOp; i++, pIn++){
      int p2 = pIn->p2;
      VdbeOp *pOut = &p->aOp[i+addr];
      pOut->opcode = pIn->opcode;
      pOut->p1 = pIn->p1;
      if( p2<0 ){
        assert( sqlite3OpcodeProperty[pOut->opcode] & OPFLG_JUMP );
        pOut->p2 = addr + ADDR(p2);
      }else{
        pOut->p2 = p2;
      }
      pOut->p3 = pIn->p3;
      pOut->p4type = P4_NOTUSED;
      pOut->p4.p = 0;
      pOut->p5 = 0;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_EXPLAIN_COMMENTS
      pOut->zComment = 0;
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
      if( p->db->flags & SQLITE_VdbeAddopTrace ){
        sqlite3VdbePrintOp(0, i+addr, &p->aOp[i+addr]);
      }
#endif
    }
    p->nOp += nOp;
  }
................................................................................
static void freeP4(sqlite3 *db, int p4type, void *p4){
  if( p4 ){
    assert( db );
    switch( p4type ){
      case P4_REAL:
      case P4_INT64:
      case P4_DYNAMIC:

      case P4_INTARRAY: {

        sqlite3DbFree(db, p4);
        break;
      }
      case P4_KEYINFO: {
        if( db->pnBytesFreed==0 ) sqlite3KeyInfoUnref((KeyInfo*)p4);
        break;
      }
      case P4_MPRINTF: {
        if( db->pnBytesFreed==0 ) sqlite3_free(p4);
        break;
      }
      case P4_FUNCDEF: {
        freeEphemeralFunction(db, (FuncDef*)p4);
................................................................................
** nOp entries. 
*/
static void vdbeFreeOpArray(sqlite3 *db, Op *aOp, int nOp){
  if( aOp ){
    Op *pOp;
    for(pOp=aOp; pOp<&aOp[nOp]; pOp++){
      freeP4(db, pOp->p4type, pOp->p4.p);
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_EXPLAIN_COMMENTS
      sqlite3DbFree(db, pOp->zComment);
#endif     
    }
  }
  sqlite3DbFree(db, aOp);
}

................................................................................
void sqlite3VdbeChangeToNoop(Vdbe *p, int addr){
  if( p->aOp ){
    VdbeOp *pOp = &p->aOp[addr];
    sqlite3 *db = p->db;
    freeP4(db, pOp->p4type, pOp->p4.p);
    memset(pOp, 0, sizeof(pOp[0]));
    pOp->opcode = OP_Noop;
    if( addr==p->nOp-1 ) p->nOp--;
  }
}

/*
** Change the value of the P4 operand for a specific instruction.
** This routine is useful when a large program is loaded from a
** static array using sqlite3VdbeAddOpList but we want to make a
................................................................................
** few minor changes to the program.
**
** If n>=0 then the P4 operand is dynamic, meaning that a copy of
** the string is made into memory obtained from sqlite3_malloc().
** A value of n==0 means copy bytes of zP4 up to and including the
** first null byte.  If n>0 then copy n+1 bytes of zP4.
** 








** Other values of n (P4_STATIC, P4_COLLSEQ etc.) indicate that zP4 points
** to a string or structure that is guaranteed to exist for the lifetime of
** the Vdbe. In these cases we can just copy the pointer.
**
** If addr<0 then change P4 on the most recently inserted instruction.
*/
void sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(Vdbe *p, int addr, const char *zP4, int n){
  Op *pOp;
  sqlite3 *db;
  assert( p!=0 );
  db = p->db;
  assert( p->magic==VDBE_MAGIC_INIT );
  if( p->aOp==0 || db->mallocFailed ){
    if( n!=P4_VTAB ){
      freeP4(db, n, (void*)*(char**)&zP4);
    }
    return;
  }
  assert( p->nOp>0 );
  assert( addr<p->nOp );
  if( addr<0 ){
................................................................................
    ** that was cast to a (const char *). */
    pOp->p4.i = SQLITE_PTR_TO_INT(zP4);
    pOp->p4type = P4_INT32;
  }else if( zP4==0 ){
    pOp->p4.p = 0;
    pOp->p4type = P4_NOTUSED;
  }else if( n==P4_KEYINFO ){













    pOp->p4.p = (void*)zP4;
    pOp->p4type = P4_KEYINFO;
  }else if( n==P4_VTAB ){
    pOp->p4.p = (void*)zP4;
    pOp->p4type = P4_VTAB;
    sqlite3VtabLock((VTable *)zP4);
    assert( ((VTable *)zP4)->db==p->db );
................................................................................
  }else{
    if( n==0 ) n = sqlite3Strlen30(zP4);
    pOp->p4.z = sqlite3DbStrNDup(p->db, zP4, n);
    pOp->p4type = P4_DYNAMIC;
  }
}


/*
** Set the P4 on the most recently added opcode to the KeyInfo for the
** index given.
*/
void sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(Parse *pParse, Index *pIdx){
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
  assert( v!=0 );
  assert( pIdx!=0 );
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char*)sqlite3KeyInfoOfIndex(pParse, pIdx),
                      P4_KEYINFO);
}

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_EXPLAIN_COMMENTS
/*
** Change the comment on the most recently coded instruction.  Or
** insert a No-op and add the comment to that new instruction.  This
** makes the code easier to read during debugging.  None of this happens
** in a production build.
*/
static void vdbeVComment(Vdbe *p, const char *zFormat, va_list ap){
................................................................................
  assert( (addr>=0 && addr<p->nOp) || p->db->mallocFailed );
  if( p->db->mallocFailed ){
    return (VdbeOp*)&dummy;
  }else{
    return &p->aOp[addr];
  }
}

#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_EXPLAIN_COMMENTS)
/*
** Return an integer value for one of the parameters to the opcode pOp
** determined by character c.
*/
static int translateP(char c, const Op *pOp){
  if( c=='1' ) return pOp->p1;
  if( c=='2' ) return pOp->p2;
  if( c=='3' ) return pOp->p3;
  if( c=='4' ) return pOp->p4.i;
  return pOp->p5;
}

/*
** Compute a string for the "comment" field of a VDBE opcode listing
*/
static int displayComment(
  const Op *pOp,     /* The opcode to be commented */
  const char *zP4,   /* Previously obtained value for P4 */
  char *zTemp,       /* Write result here */
  int nTemp          /* Space available in zTemp[] */
){
  const char *zOpName;
  const char *zSynopsis;
  int nOpName;
  int ii, jj;
  zOpName = sqlite3OpcodeName(pOp->opcode);
  nOpName = sqlite3Strlen30(zOpName);
  if( zOpName[nOpName+1] ){
    int seenCom = 0;
    char c;
    zSynopsis = zOpName += nOpName + 1;
    for(ii=jj=0; jj<nTemp-1 && (c = zSynopsis[ii])!=0; ii++){
      if( c=='P' ){
        c = zSynopsis[++ii];
        if( c=='4' ){
          sqlite3_snprintf(nTemp-jj, zTemp+jj, "%s", zP4);
        }else if( c=='X' ){
          sqlite3_snprintf(nTemp-jj, zTemp+jj, "%s", pOp->zComment);
          seenCom = 1;
        }else{
          int v1 = translateP(c, pOp);
          int v2;
          sqlite3_snprintf(nTemp-jj, zTemp+jj, "%d", v1);
          if( strncmp(zSynopsis+ii+1, "@P", 2)==0 ){
            ii += 3;
            jj += sqlite3Strlen30(zTemp+jj);
            v2 = translateP(zSynopsis[ii], pOp);
            if( v2>1 ) sqlite3_snprintf(nTemp-jj, zTemp+jj, "..%d", v1+v2-1);
          }else if( strncmp(zSynopsis+ii+1, "..P3", 4)==0 && pOp->p3==0 ){
            ii += 4;
          }
        }
        jj += sqlite3Strlen30(zTemp+jj);
      }else{
        zTemp[jj++] = c;
      }
    }
    if( !seenCom && jj<nTemp-5 && pOp->zComment ){
      sqlite3_snprintf(nTemp-jj, zTemp+jj, "; %s", pOp->zComment);
      jj += sqlite3Strlen30(zTemp+jj);
    }
    if( jj<nTemp ) zTemp[jj] = 0;
  }else if( pOp->zComment ){
    sqlite3_snprintf(nTemp, zTemp, "%s", pOp->zComment);
    jj = sqlite3Strlen30(zTemp);
  }else{
    zTemp[0] = 0;
    jj = 0;
  }
  return jj;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_DEBUG */


#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN) || !defined(NDEBUG) \
     || defined(VDBE_PROFILE) || defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
/*
** Compute a string that describes the P4 parameter for an opcode.
** Use zTemp for any required temporary buffer space.
*/
static char *displayP4(Op *pOp, char *zTemp, int nTemp){
  char *zP4 = zTemp;
  assert( nTemp>=20 );
  switch( pOp->p4type ){

    case P4_KEYINFO: {
      int i, j;
      KeyInfo *pKeyInfo = pOp->p4.pKeyInfo;
      assert( pKeyInfo->aSortOrder!=0 );
      sqlite3_snprintf(nTemp, zTemp, "k(%d", pKeyInfo->nField);
      i = sqlite3Strlen30(zTemp);
      for(j=0; j<pKeyInfo->nField; j++){
        CollSeq *pColl = pKeyInfo->aColl[j];
        const char *zColl = pColl ? pColl->zName : "nil";
        int n = sqlite3Strlen30(zColl);
        if( n==6 && memcmp(zColl,"BINARY",6)==0 ){
          zColl = "B";
          n = 1;
        }
        if( i+n>nTemp-6 ){
          memcpy(&zTemp[i],",...",4);
          break;
        }
        zTemp[i++] = ',';
        if( pKeyInfo->aSortOrder[j] ){
          zTemp[i++] = '-';
................................................................................
#if defined(VDBE_PROFILE) || defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
/*
** Print a single opcode.  This routine is used for debugging only.
*/
void sqlite3VdbePrintOp(FILE *pOut, int pc, Op *pOp){
  char *zP4;
  char zPtr[50];
  char zCom[100];
  static const char *zFormat1 = "%4d %-13s %4d %4d %4d %-13s %.2X %s\n";
  if( pOut==0 ) pOut = stdout;
  zP4 = displayP4(pOp, zPtr, sizeof(zPtr));


#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_EXPLAIN_COMMENTS

  displayComment(pOp, zP4, zCom, sizeof(zCom));
#else

  zCom[0] = 0
#endif
  fprintf(pOut, zFormat1, pc, 
      sqlite3OpcodeName(pOp->opcode), pOp->p1, pOp->p2, pOp->p3, zP4, pOp->p5,
      zCom
  );
  fflush(pOut);
}
#endif

/*
** Release an array of N Mem elements
................................................................................
    p->rc = SQLITE_OK;
    rc = SQLITE_DONE;
  }else if( db->u1.isInterrupted ){
    p->rc = SQLITE_INTERRUPT;
    rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
    sqlite3SetString(&p->zErrMsg, db, "%s", sqlite3ErrStr(p->rc));
  }else{
    char *zP4;
    Op *pOp;
    if( i<p->nOp ){
      /* The output line number is small enough that we are still in the
      ** main program. */
      pOp = &p->aOp[i];
    }else{
      /* We are currently listing subprograms.  Figure out which one and
................................................................................
    pMem++;

    if( sqlite3VdbeMemGrow(pMem, 32, 0) ){            /* P4 */
      assert( p->db->mallocFailed );
      return SQLITE_ERROR;
    }
    pMem->flags = MEM_Dyn|MEM_Str|MEM_Term;
    zP4 = displayP4(pOp, pMem->z, 32);
    if( zP4!=pMem->z ){
      sqlite3VdbeMemSetStr(pMem, zP4, -1, SQLITE_UTF8, 0);
    }else{
      assert( pMem->z!=0 );
      pMem->n = sqlite3Strlen30(pMem->z);
      pMem->enc = SQLITE_UTF8;
    }
    pMem->type = SQLITE_TEXT;
    pMem++;
................................................................................
      pMem->flags = MEM_Dyn|MEM_Str|MEM_Term;
      pMem->n = 2;
      sqlite3_snprintf(3, pMem->z, "%.2x", pOp->p5);   /* P5 */
      pMem->type = SQLITE_TEXT;
      pMem->enc = SQLITE_UTF8;
      pMem++;
  
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_EXPLAIN_COMMENTS
      if( sqlite3VdbeMemGrow(pMem, 500, 0) ){
        assert( p->db->mallocFailed );
        return SQLITE_ERROR;
      }
      pMem->flags = MEM_Dyn|MEM_Str|MEM_Term;
      pMem->n = displayComment(pOp, zP4, pMem->z, 500);
      pMem->type = SQLITE_TEXT;
      pMem->enc = SQLITE_UTF8;
#else
      pMem->flags = MEM_Null;                       /* Comment */
      pMem->type = SQLITE_NULL;
#endif
    }

    p->nResColumn = 8 - 4*(p->explain-1);
    p->pResultSet = &p->aMem[1];
    p->rc = SQLITE_OK;
    rc = SQLITE_ROW;
  }
................................................................................
int sqlite3VdbeCheckFk(Vdbe *p, int deferred){
  sqlite3 *db = p->db;
  if( (deferred && (db->nDeferredCons+db->nDeferredImmCons)>0) 
   || (!deferred && p->nFkConstraint>0) 
  ){
    p->rc = SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_FOREIGNKEY;
    p->errorAction = OE_Abort;
    sqlite3SetString(&p->zErrMsg, db, "FOREIGN KEY constraint failed");
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
#endif

/*
................................................................................
  ** impact, since this routine is a very high runner.  And so, we choose
  ** to ignore the compiler warnings and leave this variable uninitialized.
  */
  /*  mem1.u.i = 0;  // not needed, here to silence compiler warning */
  
  idx1 = getVarint32(aKey1, szHdr1);
  d1 = szHdr1;
  assert( pKeyInfo->nField+pKeyInfo->nXField>=pPKey2->nField );
  assert( pKeyInfo->aSortOrder!=0 );
  while( idx1<szHdr1 && i<pPKey2->nField ){
    u32 serial_type1;

    /* Read the serial types for the next element in each key. */
    idx1 += getVarint32( aKey1+idx1, serial_type1 );

................................................................................
    d1 += sqlite3VdbeSerialGet(&aKey1[d1], serial_type1, &mem1);

    /* Do the comparison
    */
    rc = sqlite3MemCompare(&mem1, &pPKey2->aMem[i], pKeyInfo->aColl[i]);
    if( rc!=0 ){
      assert( mem1.zMalloc==0 );  /* See comment below */


      if( pKeyInfo->aSortOrder[i] ){

        rc = -rc;  /* Invert the result for DESC sort order. */
      }













      return rc;
    }
    i++;
  }

  /* No memory allocation is ever used on mem1.  Prove this using
  ** the following assert().  If the assert() fails, it indicates a

Changes to src/vdbeblob.c.

176
177
178
179
180
181
182




183
184
185
186
187
188
189
...
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249

    sqlite3BtreeEnterAll(db);
    pTab = sqlite3LocateTable(pParse, 0, zTable, zDb);
    if( pTab && IsVirtual(pTab) ){
      pTab = 0;
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "cannot open virtual table: %s", zTable);
    }




#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW
    if( pTab && pTab->pSelect ){
      pTab = 0;
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "cannot open view: %s", zTable);
    }
#endif
    if( !pTab ){
................................................................................
            }
          }
        }
      }
#endif
      for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
        int j;
        for(j=0; j<pIdx->nColumn; j++){
          if( pIdx->aiColumn[j]==iCol ){
            zFault = "indexed";
          }
        }
      }
      if( zFault ){
        sqlite3DbFree(db, zErr);







>
>
>
>







 







|







176
177
178
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180
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183
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239
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244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253

    sqlite3BtreeEnterAll(db);
    pTab = sqlite3LocateTable(pParse, 0, zTable, zDb);
    if( pTab && IsVirtual(pTab) ){
      pTab = 0;
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "cannot open virtual table: %s", zTable);
    }
    if( pTab && !HasRowid(pTab) ){
      pTab = 0;
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "cannot open table without rowid: %s", zTable);
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW
    if( pTab && pTab->pSelect ){
      pTab = 0;
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "cannot open view: %s", zTable);
    }
#endif
    if( !pTab ){
................................................................................
            }
          }
        }
      }
#endif
      for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
        int j;
        for(j=0; j<pIdx->nKeyCol; j++){
          if( pIdx->aiColumn[j]==iCol ){
            zFault = "indexed";
          }
        }
      }
      if( zFault ){
        sqlite3DbFree(db, zErr);

Changes to src/vdbemem.c.

1027
1028
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1033
1034
1035
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1040
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....
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  if( p ){
    UnpackedRecord *pRec = p->ppRec[0];

    if( pRec==0 ){
      Index *pIdx = p->pIdx;      /* Index being probed */
      int nByte;                  /* Bytes of space to allocate */
      int i;                      /* Counter variable */
      int nCol = pIdx->nColumn+1; /* Number of index columns including rowid */
  
      nByte = sizeof(Mem) * nCol + sizeof(UnpackedRecord);
      pRec = (UnpackedRecord*)sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, nByte);
      if( pRec ){
        pRec->pKeyInfo = sqlite3IndexKeyinfo(p->pParse, pIdx);
        if( pRec->pKeyInfo ){
          assert( pRec->pKeyInfo->nField+1==nCol );
          pRec->pKeyInfo->enc = ENC(db);
          pRec->flags = UNPACKED_PREFIX_MATCH;
          pRec->aMem = (Mem *)&pRec[1];
          for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
            pRec->aMem[i].flags = MEM_Null;
            pRec->aMem[i].type = SQLITE_NULL;
            pRec->aMem[i].db = db;
          }
................................................................................
** Unless it is NULL, the argument must be an UnpackedRecord object returned
** by an earlier call to sqlite3Stat4ProbeSetValue(). This call deletes
** the object.
*/
void sqlite3Stat4ProbeFree(UnpackedRecord *pRec){
  if( pRec ){
    int i;
    int nCol = pRec->pKeyInfo->nField+1;
    Mem *aMem = pRec->aMem;
    sqlite3 *db = aMem[0].db;
    for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
      sqlite3DbFree(db, aMem[i].zMalloc);
    }
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pRec->pKeyInfo);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pRec);
  }
}
#endif /* ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4 */

/*
** Change the string value of an sqlite3_value object







|




|

|
|







 







|





|







1027
1028
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1041
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1043
1044
1045
1046
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....
1358
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1376
1377
1378
  if( p ){
    UnpackedRecord *pRec = p->ppRec[0];

    if( pRec==0 ){
      Index *pIdx = p->pIdx;      /* Index being probed */
      int nByte;                  /* Bytes of space to allocate */
      int i;                      /* Counter variable */
      int nCol = pIdx->nColumn;   /* Number of index columns including rowid */
  
      nByte = sizeof(Mem) * nCol + sizeof(UnpackedRecord);
      pRec = (UnpackedRecord*)sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, nByte);
      if( pRec ){
        pRec->pKeyInfo = sqlite3KeyInfoOfIndex(p->pParse, pIdx);
        if( pRec->pKeyInfo ){
          assert( pRec->pKeyInfo->nField+pRec->pKeyInfo->nXField==nCol );
          assert( pRec->pKeyInfo->enc==ENC(db) );
          pRec->flags = UNPACKED_PREFIX_MATCH;
          pRec->aMem = (Mem *)&pRec[1];
          for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
            pRec->aMem[i].flags = MEM_Null;
            pRec->aMem[i].type = SQLITE_NULL;
            pRec->aMem[i].db = db;
          }
................................................................................
** Unless it is NULL, the argument must be an UnpackedRecord object returned
** by an earlier call to sqlite3Stat4ProbeSetValue(). This call deletes
** the object.
*/
void sqlite3Stat4ProbeFree(UnpackedRecord *pRec){
  if( pRec ){
    int i;
    int nCol = pRec->pKeyInfo->nField+pRec->pKeyInfo->nXField;
    Mem *aMem = pRec->aMem;
    sqlite3 *db = aMem[0].db;
    for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
      sqlite3DbFree(db, aMem[i].zMalloc);
    }
    sqlite3KeyInfoUnref(pRec->pKeyInfo);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pRec);
  }
}
#endif /* ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4 */

/*
** Change the string value of an sqlite3_value object

Changes to src/vdbesort.c.

382
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386
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391
392
393
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395
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397
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399
400
401
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411
....
1023
1024
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1028
1029

1030
1031
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1033
1034
1035
1036
1037
1038
** be less than key2. Even if key2 also contains NULL values.
**
** If pKey2 is passed a NULL pointer, then it is assumed that the pCsr->aSpace
** has been allocated and contains an unpacked record that is used as key2.
*/
static void vdbeSorterCompare(
  const VdbeCursor *pCsr,         /* Cursor object (for pKeyInfo) */
  int bOmitRowid,                 /* Ignore rowid field at end of keys */
  const void *pKey1, int nKey1,   /* Left side of comparison */
  const void *pKey2, int nKey2,   /* Right side of comparison */
  int *pRes                       /* OUT: Result of comparison */
){
  KeyInfo *pKeyInfo = pCsr->pKeyInfo;
  VdbeSorter *pSorter = pCsr->pSorter;
  UnpackedRecord *r2 = pSorter->pUnpacked;
  int i;

  if( pKey2 ){
    sqlite3VdbeRecordUnpack(pKeyInfo, nKey2, pKey2, r2);
  }

  if( bOmitRowid ){
    r2->nField = pKeyInfo->nField;
    assert( r2->nField>0 );
    for(i=0; i<r2->nField; i++){
      if( r2->aMem[i].flags & MEM_Null ){
        *pRes = -1;
        return;
      }
    }
................................................................................
** Otherwise, set *pRes to a negative, zero or positive value if the
** key in pVal is smaller than, equal to or larger than the current sorter
** key.
*/
int sqlite3VdbeSorterCompare(
  const VdbeCursor *pCsr,         /* Sorter cursor */
  Mem *pVal,                      /* Value to compare to current sorter key */

  int *pRes                       /* OUT: Result of comparison */
){
  VdbeSorter *pSorter = pCsr->pSorter;
  void *pKey; int nKey;           /* Sorter key to compare pVal with */

  pKey = vdbeSorterRowkey(pSorter, &nKey);
  vdbeSorterCompare(pCsr, 1, pVal->z, pVal->n, pKey, nKey, pRes);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}







|













|
|







 







>






|


382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
....
1023
1024
1025
1026
1027
1028
1029
1030
1031
1032
1033
1034
1035
1036
1037
1038
1039
** be less than key2. Even if key2 also contains NULL values.
**
** If pKey2 is passed a NULL pointer, then it is assumed that the pCsr->aSpace
** has been allocated and contains an unpacked record that is used as key2.
*/
static void vdbeSorterCompare(
  const VdbeCursor *pCsr,         /* Cursor object (for pKeyInfo) */
  int nIgnore,                    /* Ignore the last nIgnore fields */
  const void *pKey1, int nKey1,   /* Left side of comparison */
  const void *pKey2, int nKey2,   /* Right side of comparison */
  int *pRes                       /* OUT: Result of comparison */
){
  KeyInfo *pKeyInfo = pCsr->pKeyInfo;
  VdbeSorter *pSorter = pCsr->pSorter;
  UnpackedRecord *r2 = pSorter->pUnpacked;
  int i;

  if( pKey2 ){
    sqlite3VdbeRecordUnpack(pKeyInfo, nKey2, pKey2, r2);
  }

  if( nIgnore ){
    r2->nField = pKeyInfo->nField - nIgnore;
    assert( r2->nField>0 );
    for(i=0; i<r2->nField; i++){
      if( r2->aMem[i].flags & MEM_Null ){
        *pRes = -1;
        return;
      }
    }
................................................................................
** Otherwise, set *pRes to a negative, zero or positive value if the
** key in pVal is smaller than, equal to or larger than the current sorter
** key.
*/
int sqlite3VdbeSorterCompare(
  const VdbeCursor *pCsr,         /* Sorter cursor */
  Mem *pVal,                      /* Value to compare to current sorter key */
  int nIgnore,                    /* Ignore this many fields at the end */
  int *pRes                       /* OUT: Result of comparison */
){
  VdbeSorter *pSorter = pCsr->pSorter;
  void *pKey; int nKey;           /* Sorter key to compare pVal with */

  pKey = vdbeSorterRowkey(pSorter, &nKey);
  vdbeSorterCompare(pCsr, nIgnore, pVal->z, pVal->n, pKey, nKey, pRes);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

Changes to src/where.c.

405
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411

412
413
414
415
416
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418
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497
498
499
500
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506
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1962
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1969
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2139
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....
3009
3010
3011
3012
3013
3014
3015
3016
3017
3018
3019
3020
3021
3022
3023
3024
3025
3026
3027
3028
3029
3030
3031
3032
3033
3034
3035
3036
3037
3038
3039
3040
3041
3042
3043
....
3156
3157
3158
3159
3160
3161
3162
3163
3164
3165
3166
3167
3168
3169
3170
....
3413
3414
3415
3416
3417
3418
3419
3420
3421
3422
3423
3424
3425
3426
3427
....
3446
3447
3448
3449
3450
3451
3452
3453
3454
3455
3456
3457
3458
3459
3460
3461
....
3556
3557
3558
3559
3560
3561
3562
3563


3564
3565
3566
3567









3568
3569
3570
3571
3572
3573
3574
....
3987
3988
3989
3990
3991
3992
3993

3994
3995
3996
3997
3998
3999
4000
....
4286
4287
4288
4289
4290
4291
4292
4293
4294
4295
4296
4297
4298
4299
4300
4301
....
4344
4345
4346
4347
4348
4349
4350
4351
4352
4353
4354
4355
4356
4357
4358
....
4410
4411
4412
4413
4414
4415
4416
4417
4418
4419
4420
4421
4422
4423
4424
....
4449
4450
4451
4452
4453
4454
4455
4456
4457
4458
4459
4460
4461
4462
4463
....
4466
4467
4468
4469
4470
4471
4472
4473
4474
4475
4476
4477

4478
4479
4480
4481
4482
4483
4484
....
4499
4500
4501
4502
4503
4504
4505
4506
4507
4508
4509
4510
4511
4512
4513
....
4522
4523
4524
4525
4526
4527
4528


4529
4530
4531
4532
4533
4534
4535
4536
4537
4538
4539
4540
4541
4542
4543
....
4554
4555
4556
4557
4558
4559
4560

4561
4562
4563
4564
4565
4566
4567
....
4616
4617
4618
4619
4620
4621
4622





4623
4624

4625
4626
4627

4628
4629
4630
4631
4632
4633
4634
4635
4636
4637
....
4639
4640
4641
4642
4643
4644
4645
4646
4647
4648
4649
4650
4651
4652
4653
....
4757
4758
4759
4760
4761
4762
4763

4764
4765
4766
4767
4768
4769
4770
....
4816
4817
4818
4819
4820
4821
4822
4823
4824
4825
4826
4827
4828
4829
4830
4831
....
4855
4856
4857
4858
4859
4860
4861

4862
4863
4864
4865
4866
4867
4868
....
5004
5005
5006
5007
5008
5009
5010
5011

5012
5013
5014
5015
5016
5017
5018
....
5096
5097
5098
5099
5100
5101
5102

5103
5104
5105
5106

5107


5108
5109
5110
5111
5112
5113
5114
5115
5116
5117
5118
5119
5120
5121
5122
5123
....
5126
5127
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5133
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5135
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5139
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5141
5142
5143
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5147
....
5190
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5199
5200
5201
5202
5203
5204
....
5556
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5568
5569
5570
5571
5572
5573
5574
5575
5576
5577
5578
5579
....
5673
5674
5675
5676
5677
5678
5679








5680
5681
5682
5683
5684
5685
5686
....
5738
5739
5740
5741
5742
5743
5744

5745
5746
5747
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5751
....
5969
5970
5971
5972
5973
5974
5975

5976
5977

5978
5979
5980
5981
5982
5983
5984
....
5999
6000
6001
6002
6003
6004
6005

6006



6007

6008
6009
6010
6011
6012
6013
6014
6015
6016
6017
6018
6019
6020
6021
6022
6023
6024

















6025
6026
6027
6028
6029

6030
6031
6032
6033
6034
6035
6036
....
6117
6118
6119
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6123


6124
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6133
6134
6135
6136
6137
6138
6139






6140
6141
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6143
6144
6145
6146
6147

6148


6149
6150
6151
6152
6153
6154
6155
....
6163
6164
6165
6166
6167
6168
6169
6170
6171
6172
6173
6174
6175
6176
6177
6178
6179



6180



6181
6182
6183
6184
6185
6186
6187
6188
6189
6190
6191
6192
6193
  u8 untestedTerms;         /* Not all WHERE terms resolved by outer loop */
  u8 eDistinct;             /* One of the WHERE_DISTINCT_* values below */
  u8 nLevel;                /* Number of nested loop */
  int iTop;                 /* The very beginning of the WHERE loop */
  int iContinue;            /* Jump here to continue with next record */
  int iBreak;               /* Jump here to break out of the loop */
  int savedNQueryLoop;      /* pParse->nQueryLoop outside the WHERE loop */

  WhereMaskSet sMaskSet;    /* Map cursor numbers to bitmasks */
  WhereClause sWC;          /* Decomposition of the WHERE clause */
  WhereLevel a[1];          /* Information about each nest loop in WHERE */
};

/*
** Bitmasks for the operators on WhereTerm objects.  These are all
................................................................................
  return pWInfo->iBreak;
}

/*
** Return TRUE if an UPDATE or DELETE statement can operate directly on
** the rowids returned by a WHERE clause.  Return FALSE if doing an
** UPDATE or DELETE might change subsequent WHERE clause results.










*/
int sqlite3WhereOkOnePass(WhereInfo *pWInfo){

  return pWInfo->okOnePass;
}

/*
** Move the content of pSrc into pDest
*/
static void whereOrMove(WhereOrSet *pDest, WhereOrSet *pSrc){
................................................................................

  /* memset(pScan, 0, sizeof(*pScan)); */
  pScan->pOrigWC = pWC;
  pScan->pWC = pWC;
  if( pIdx && iColumn>=0 ){
    pScan->idxaff = pIdx->pTable->aCol[iColumn].affinity;
    for(j=0; pIdx->aiColumn[j]!=iColumn; j++){
      if( NEVER(j>=pIdx->nColumn) ) return 0;
    }
    pScan->zCollName = pIdx->azColl[j];
  }else{
    pScan->idxaff = 0;
    pScan->zCollName = 0;
  }
  pScan->opMask = opMask;
................................................................................
  **      comparison and select-list expressions must match those of the index.
  **
  **   3. All of those index columns for which the WHERE clause does not
  **      contain a "col=X" term are subject to a NOT NULL constraint.
  */
  for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
    if( pIdx->onError==OE_None ) continue;
    for(i=0; i<pIdx->nColumn; i++){
      int iCol = pIdx->aiColumn[i];
      if( 0==findTerm(pWC, iBase, iCol, ~(Bitmask)0, WO_EQ, pIdx) ){
        int iIdxCol = findIndexCol(pParse, pDistinct, iBase, pIdx, i);
        if( iIdxCol<0 || pTab->aCol[pIdx->aiColumn[i]].notNull==0 ){
          break;
        }
      }
    }
    if( i==pIdx->nColumn ){
      /* This index implies that the DISTINCT qualifier is redundant. */
      return 1;
    }
  }

  return 0;
}
................................................................................
       p->aConstraintUsage[i].argvIndex,
       p->aConstraintUsage[i].omit);
  }
  sqlite3DebugPrintf("  idxNum=%d\n", p->idxNum);
  sqlite3DebugPrintf("  idxStr=%s\n", p->idxStr);
  sqlite3DebugPrintf("  orderByConsumed=%d\n", p->orderByConsumed);
  sqlite3DebugPrintf("  estimatedCost=%g\n", p->estimatedCost);

}
#else
#define TRACE_IDX_INPUTS(A)
#define TRACE_IDX_OUTPUTS(A)
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOMATIC_INDEX
................................................................................
static void constructAutomaticIndex(
  Parse *pParse,              /* The parsing context */
  WhereClause *pWC,           /* The WHERE clause */
  struct SrcList_item *pSrc,  /* The FROM clause term to get the next index */
  Bitmask notReady,           /* Mask of cursors that are not available */
  WhereLevel *pLevel          /* Write new index here */
){
  int nColumn;                /* Number of columns in the constructed index */
  WhereTerm *pTerm;           /* A single term of the WHERE clause */
  WhereTerm *pWCEnd;          /* End of pWC->a[] */
  int nByte;                  /* Byte of memory needed for pIdx */
  Index *pIdx;                /* Object describing the transient index */
  Vdbe *v;                    /* Prepared statement under construction */
  int addrInit;               /* Address of the initialization bypass jump */
  Table *pTable;              /* The table being indexed */
  KeyInfo *pKeyinfo;          /* Key information for the index */   
  int addrTop;                /* Top of the index fill loop */
  int regRecord;              /* Register holding an index record */
  int n;                      /* Column counter */
  int i;                      /* Loop counter */
  int mxBitCol;               /* Maximum column in pSrc->colUsed */
  CollSeq *pColl;             /* Collating sequence to on a column */
  WhereLoop *pLoop;           /* The Loop object */

  Bitmask idxCols;            /* Bitmap of columns used for indexing */
  Bitmask extraCols;          /* Bitmap of additional columns */
  u8 sentWarning = 0;         /* True if a warnning has been issued */

  /* Generate code to skip over the creation and initialization of the
  ** transient index on 2nd and subsequent iterations of the loop. */
  v = pParse->pVdbe;
  assert( v!=0 );
  addrInit = sqlite3CodeOnce(pParse);

  /* Count the number of columns that will be added to the index
  ** and used to match WHERE clause constraints */
  nColumn = 0;
  pTable = pSrc->pTab;
  pWCEnd = &pWC->a[pWC->nTerm];
  pLoop = pLevel->pWLoop;
  idxCols = 0;
  for(pTerm=pWC->a; pTerm<pWCEnd; pTerm++){
    if( termCanDriveIndex(pTerm, pSrc, notReady) ){
      int iCol = pTerm->u.leftColumn;
................................................................................
      if( !sentWarning ){
        sqlite3_log(SQLITE_WARNING_AUTOINDEX,
            "automatic index on %s(%s)", pTable->zName,
            pTable->aCol[iCol].zName);
        sentWarning = 1;
      }
      if( (idxCols & cMask)==0 ){
        if( whereLoopResize(pParse->db, pLoop, nColumn+1) ) return;
        pLoop->aLTerm[nColumn++] = pTerm;
        idxCols |= cMask;
      }
    }
  }
  assert( nColumn>0 );
  pLoop->u.btree.nEq = pLoop->nLTerm = nColumn;
  pLoop->wsFlags = WHERE_COLUMN_EQ | WHERE_IDX_ONLY | WHERE_INDEXED
                     | WHERE_AUTO_INDEX;

  /* Count the number of additional columns needed to create a
  ** covering index.  A "covering index" is an index that contains all
  ** columns that are needed by the query.  With a covering index, the
  ** original table never needs to be accessed.  Automatic indices must
................................................................................
  ** if they go out of sync.
  */
  extraCols = pSrc->colUsed & (~idxCols | MASKBIT(BMS-1));
  mxBitCol = (pTable->nCol >= BMS-1) ? BMS-1 : pTable->nCol;
  testcase( pTable->nCol==BMS-1 );
  testcase( pTable->nCol==BMS-2 );
  for(i=0; i<mxBitCol; i++){
    if( extraCols & MASKBIT(i) ) nColumn++;
  }
  if( pSrc->colUsed & MASKBIT(BMS-1) ){
    nColumn += pTable->nCol - BMS + 1;
  }
  pLoop->wsFlags |= WHERE_COLUMN_EQ | WHERE_IDX_ONLY;

  /* Construct the Index object to describe this index */
  nByte = sizeof(Index);
  nByte += nColumn*sizeof(int);     /* Index.aiColumn */
  nByte += nColumn*sizeof(char*);   /* Index.azColl */
  nByte += nColumn;                 /* Index.aSortOrder */
  pIdx = sqlite3DbMallocZero(pParse->db, nByte);
  if( pIdx==0 ) return;
  pLoop->u.btree.pIndex = pIdx;
  pIdx->azColl = (char**)&pIdx[1];
  pIdx->aiColumn = (int*)&pIdx->azColl[nColumn];
  pIdx->aSortOrder = (u8*)&pIdx->aiColumn[nColumn];
  pIdx->zName = "auto-index";
  pIdx->nColumn = nColumn;
  pIdx->pTable = pTable;
  n = 0;
  idxCols = 0;
  for(pTerm=pWC->a; pTerm<pWCEnd; pTerm++){
    if( termCanDriveIndex(pTerm, pSrc, notReady) ){
      int iCol = pTerm->u.leftColumn;
      Bitmask cMask = iCol>=BMS ? MASKBIT(BMS-1) : MASKBIT(iCol);
................................................................................
  if( pSrc->colUsed & MASKBIT(BMS-1) ){
    for(i=BMS-1; i<pTable->nCol; i++){
      pIdx->aiColumn[n] = i;
      pIdx->azColl[n] = "BINARY";
      n++;
    }
  }
  assert( n==nColumn );



  /* Create the automatic index */
  pKeyinfo = sqlite3IndexKeyinfo(pParse, pIdx);
  assert( pLevel->iIdxCur>=0 );
  pLevel->iIdxCur = pParse->nTab++;
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_OpenAutoindex, pLevel->iIdxCur, nColumn+1, 0,
                    (char*)pKeyinfo, P4_KEYINFO_HANDOFF);

  VdbeComment((v, "for %s", pTable->zName));

  /* Fill the automatic index with content */
  addrTop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Rewind, pLevel->iTabCur);
  regRecord = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
  sqlite3GenerateIndexKey(pParse, pIdx, pLevel->iTabCur, regRecord, 1, 0);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxInsert, pLevel->iIdxCur, regRecord);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, pLevel->iTabCur, addrTop+1);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_AUTOINDEX);
  sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrTop);
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regRecord);
  
................................................................................
    if( i==0 ){
      iLower = 0;
      iUpper = aSample[0].anLt[iCol];
    }else{
      iUpper = i>=pIdx->nSample ? pIdx->aiRowEst[0] : aSample[i].anLt[iCol];
      iLower = aSample[i-1].anEq[iCol] + aSample[i-1].anLt[iCol];
    }
    aStat[1] = (pIdx->nColumn>iCol ? pIdx->aAvgEq[iCol] : 1);
    if( iLower>=iUpper ){
      iGap = 0;
    }else{
      iGap = iUpper - iLower;
    }
    if( roundUp ){
      iGap = (iGap*2)/3;
................................................................................
    ** less than the upper bound of the range query. Where the upper bound
    ** is either ($P) or ($P:$U). Again, even if $U is available, both values
    ** of iUpper are requested of whereKeyStats() and the smaller used.
    */
    tRowcnt iLower;
    tRowcnt iUpper;

    if( nEq==p->nColumn ){
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER;
    }else{
      aff = p->pTable->aCol[p->aiColumn[nEq]].affinity;
    }
    /* Determine iLower and iUpper using ($P) only. */
    if( nEq==0 ){
      iLower = 0;
................................................................................
  UnpackedRecord *pRec = pBuilder->pRec;
  u8 aff;                   /* Column affinity */
  int rc;                   /* Subfunction return code */
  tRowcnt a[2];             /* Statistics */
  int bOk;

  assert( nEq>=1 );
  assert( nEq<=(p->nColumn+1) );
  assert( p->aSample!=0 );
  assert( p->nSample>0 );
  assert( pBuilder->nRecValid<nEq );

  /* If values are not available for all fields of the index to the left
  ** of this one, no estimate can be made. Return SQLITE_NOTFOUND. */
  if( pBuilder->nRecValid<(nEq-1) ){
    return SQLITE_NOTFOUND;
  }

  /* This is an optimization only. The call to sqlite3Stat4ProbeSetValue()
  ** below would return the same value.  */
  if( nEq>p->nColumn ){
    *pnRow = 1;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

  aff = p->pTable->aCol[p->aiColumn[nEq-1]].affinity;
  rc = sqlite3Stat4ProbeSetValue(pParse, p, &pRec, pExpr, aff, nEq-1, &bOk);
  pBuilder->pRec = pRec;
................................................................................
** no longer required.
*/
static char *explainIndexRange(sqlite3 *db, WhereLoop *pLoop, Table *pTab){
  Index *pIndex = pLoop->u.btree.pIndex;
  int nEq = pLoop->u.btree.nEq;
  int i, j;
  Column *aCol = pTab->aCol;
  int *aiColumn = pIndex->aiColumn;
  StrAccum txt;

  if( nEq==0 && (pLoop->wsFlags & (WHERE_BTM_LIMIT|WHERE_TOP_LIMIT))==0 ){
    return 0;
  }
  sqlite3StrAccumInit(&txt, 0, 0, SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH);
  txt.db = db;
  sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&txt, " (", 2);
  for(i=0; i<nEq; i++){
    char *z = (i==pIndex->nColumn ) ? "rowid" : aCol[aiColumn[i]].zName;
    explainAppendTerm(&txt, i, z, "=");
  }

  j = i;
  if( pLoop->wsFlags&WHERE_BTM_LIMIT ){
    char *z = (j==pIndex->nColumn ) ? "rowid" : aCol[aiColumn[j]].zName;
    explainAppendTerm(&txt, i++, z, ">");
  }
  if( pLoop->wsFlags&WHERE_TOP_LIMIT ){
    char *z = (j==pIndex->nColumn ) ? "rowid" : aCol[aiColumn[j]].zName;
    explainAppendTerm(&txt, i, z, "<");
  }
  sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&txt, ")", 1);
  return sqlite3StrAccumFinish(&txt);
}

/*
................................................................................
  pLoop = pLevel->pWLoop;
  pTabItem = &pWInfo->pTabList->a[pLevel->iFrom];
  iCur = pTabItem->iCursor;
  pLevel->notReady = notReady & ~getMask(&pWInfo->sMaskSet, iCur);
  bRev = (pWInfo->revMask>>iLevel)&1;
  omitTable = (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_IDX_ONLY)!=0 
           && (pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_FORCE_TABLE)==0;
  VdbeNoopComment((v, "Begin Join Loop %d", iLevel));

  /* Create labels for the "break" and "continue" instructions
  ** for the current loop.  Jump to addrBrk to break out of a loop.
  ** Jump to cont to go immediately to the next iteration of the
  ** loop.
  **
  ** When there is an IN operator, we also have a "addrNxt" label that
................................................................................
    ** a single iteration. This means that the first row returned
    ** should not have a NULL value stored in 'x'. If column 'x' is
    ** the first one after the nEq equality constraints in the index,
    ** this requires some special handling.
    */
    if( (pWInfo->wctrlFlags&WHERE_ORDERBY_MIN)!=0
     && (pWInfo->bOBSat!=0)
     && (pIdx->nColumn>nEq)
    ){
      /* assert( pOrderBy->nExpr==1 ); */
      /* assert( pOrderBy->a[0].pExpr->iColumn==pIdx->aiColumn[nEq] ); */
      isMinQuery = 1;
      nExtraReg = 1;
    }

................................................................................
    zEndAff = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, zStartAff);
    addrNxt = pLevel->addrNxt;

    /* If we are doing a reverse order scan on an ascending index, or
    ** a forward order scan on a descending index, interchange the 
    ** start and end terms (pRangeStart and pRangeEnd).
    */
    if( (nEq<pIdx->nColumn && bRev==(pIdx->aSortOrder[nEq]==SQLITE_SO_ASC))
     || (bRev && pIdx->nColumn==nEq)
    ){
      SWAP(WhereTerm *, pRangeEnd, pRangeStart);
    }

    testcase( pRangeStart && (pRangeStart->eOperator & WO_LE)!=0 );
    testcase( pRangeStart && (pRangeStart->eOperator & WO_GE)!=0 );
    testcase( pRangeEnd && (pRangeEnd->eOperator & WO_LE)!=0 );
................................................................................
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, r1, addrCont);
    }
    sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r1);

    /* Seek the table cursor, if required */
    disableTerm(pLevel, pRangeStart);
    disableTerm(pLevel, pRangeEnd);
    if( !omitTable ){


      iRowidReg = iReleaseReg = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxRowid, iIdxCur, iRowidReg);
      sqlite3ExprCacheStore(pParse, iCur, -1, iRowidReg);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Seek, iCur, iRowidReg);  /* Deferred seek */









    }

    /* Record the instruction used to terminate the loop. Disable 
    ** WHERE clause terms made redundant by the index range scan.
    */
    if( pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_ONEROW ){
      pLevel->op = OP_Noop;
................................................................................
  if( p->wsFlags & (WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE|WHERE_AUTO_INDEX) ){
    if( (p->wsFlags & WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE)!=0 && p->u.vtab.needFree ){
      sqlite3_free(p->u.vtab.idxStr);
      p->u.vtab.needFree = 0;
      p->u.vtab.idxStr = 0;
    }else if( (p->wsFlags & WHERE_AUTO_INDEX)!=0 && p->u.btree.pIndex!=0 ){
      sqlite3DbFree(db, p->u.btree.pIndex->zColAff);

      sqlite3DbFree(db, p->u.btree.pIndex);
      p->u.btree.pIndex = 0;
    }
  }
}

/*
................................................................................
  }else if( pProbe->tnum<=0 || (pSrc->jointype & JT_LEFT)!=0 ){
    opMask = WO_EQ|WO_IN|WO_GT|WO_GE|WO_LT|WO_LE;
  }else{
    opMask = WO_EQ|WO_IN|WO_ISNULL|WO_GT|WO_GE|WO_LT|WO_LE;
  }
  if( pProbe->bUnordered ) opMask &= ~(WO_GT|WO_GE|WO_LT|WO_LE);

  assert( pNew->u.btree.nEq<=pProbe->nColumn );
  if( pNew->u.btree.nEq < pProbe->nColumn ){
    iCol = pProbe->aiColumn[pNew->u.btree.nEq];
    nRowEst = sqlite3LogEst(pProbe->aiRowEst[pNew->u.btree.nEq+1]);
    if( nRowEst==0 && pProbe->onError==OE_None ) nRowEst = 1;
  }else{
    iCol = -1;
    nRowEst = 0;
  }
................................................................................
      pNew->nOut = nRowEst + nInMul + nIn;
    }else if( pTerm->eOperator & (WO_EQ) ){
      assert( (pNew->wsFlags & (WHERE_COLUMN_NULL|WHERE_COLUMN_IN))!=0
                  || nInMul==0 );
      pNew->wsFlags |= WHERE_COLUMN_EQ;
      if( iCol<0  
       || (pProbe->onError!=OE_None && nInMul==0
           && pNew->u.btree.nEq==pProbe->nColumn-1)
      ){
        assert( (pNew->wsFlags & WHERE_COLUMN_IN)==0 || iCol<0 );
        pNew->wsFlags |= WHERE_ONEROW;
      }
      pNew->u.btree.nEq++;
      pNew->nOut = nRowEst + nInMul;
    }else if( pTerm->eOperator & (WO_ISNULL) ){
................................................................................
      pNew->rRun =  sqlite3LogEstAdd(pNew->rRun,rLogSize>27 ? rLogSize-17 : 10);
    }
    /* Step cost for each output row */
    pNew->rRun = sqlite3LogEstAdd(pNew->rRun, pNew->nOut);
    whereLoopOutputAdjust(pBuilder->pWC, pNew);
    rc = whereLoopInsert(pBuilder, pNew);
    if( (pNew->wsFlags & WHERE_TOP_LIMIT)==0
     && pNew->u.btree.nEq<(pProbe->nColumn + (pProbe->zName!=0))
    ){
      whereLoopAddBtreeIndex(pBuilder, pSrc, pProbe, nInMul+nIn);
    }
    pNew->nOut = saved_nOut;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
    pBuilder->nRecValid = nRecValid;
#endif
................................................................................

  if( pIndex->bUnordered ) return 0;
  if( (pOB = pBuilder->pWInfo->pOrderBy)==0 ) return 0;
  for(ii=0; ii<pOB->nExpr; ii++){
    Expr *pExpr = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pOB->a[ii].pExpr);
    if( pExpr->op!=TK_COLUMN ) return 0;
    if( pExpr->iTable==iCursor ){
      for(jj=0; jj<pIndex->nColumn; jj++){
        if( pExpr->iColumn==pIndex->aiColumn[jj] ) return 1;
      }
    }
  }
  return 0;
}

................................................................................
** the table is used by an index.  Only the first 63 columns are considered.
*/
static Bitmask columnsInIndex(Index *pIdx){
  Bitmask m = 0;
  int j;
  for(j=pIdx->nColumn-1; j>=0; j--){
    int x = pIdx->aiColumn[j];
    assert( x>=0 );
    testcase( x==BMS-1 );
    testcase( x==BMS-2 );
    if( x<BMS-1 ) m |= MASKBIT(x);
  }

  return m;
}

/* Check to see if a partial index with pPartIndexWhere can be used
** in the current query.  Return true if it can be and false if not.
*/
static int whereUsablePartialIndex(int iTab, WhereClause *pWC, Expr *pWhere){
................................................................................
  WhereLoopBuilder *pBuilder, /* WHERE clause information */
  Bitmask mExtra              /* Extra prerequesites for using this table */
){
  WhereInfo *pWInfo;          /* WHERE analysis context */
  Index *pProbe;              /* An index we are evaluating */
  Index sPk;                  /* A fake index object for the primary key */
  tRowcnt aiRowEstPk[2];      /* The aiRowEst[] value for the sPk index */
  int aiColumnPk = -1;        /* The aColumn[] value for the sPk index */
  SrcList *pTabList;          /* The FROM clause */
  struct SrcList_item *pSrc;  /* The FROM clause btree term to add */
  WhereLoop *pNew;            /* Template WhereLoop object */
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;         /* Return code */
  int iSortIdx = 1;           /* Index number */
  int b;                      /* A boolean value */
  LogEst rSize;               /* number of rows in the table */
................................................................................
  pTab = pSrc->pTab;
  pWC = pBuilder->pWC;
  assert( !IsVirtual(pSrc->pTab) );

  if( pSrc->pIndex ){
    /* An INDEXED BY clause specifies a particular index to use */
    pProbe = pSrc->pIndex;


  }else{
    /* There is no INDEXED BY clause.  Create a fake Index object in local
    ** variable sPk to represent the rowid primary key index.  Make this
    ** fake index the first in a chain of Index objects with all of the real
    ** indices to follow */
    Index *pFirst;                  /* First of real indices on the table */
    memset(&sPk, 0, sizeof(Index));
    sPk.nColumn = 1;
    sPk.aiColumn = &aiColumnPk;
    sPk.aiRowEst = aiRowEstPk;
    sPk.onError = OE_Replace;
    sPk.pTable = pTab;
    aiRowEstPk[0] = pTab->nRowEst;
    aiRowEstPk[1] = 1;
    pFirst = pSrc->pTab->pIndex;
................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOMATIC_INDEX
  /* Automatic indexes */
  if( !pBuilder->pOrSet
   && (pWInfo->pParse->db->flags & SQLITE_AutoIndex)!=0
   && pSrc->pIndex==0
   && !pSrc->viaCoroutine
   && !pSrc->notIndexed

   && !pSrc->isCorrelated
  ){
    /* Generate auto-index WhereLoops */
    WhereTerm *pTerm;
    WhereTerm *pWCEnd = pWC->a + pWC->nTerm;
    for(pTerm=pWC->a; rc==SQLITE_OK && pTerm<pWCEnd; pTerm++){
      if( pTerm->prereqRight & pNew->maskSelf ) continue;
................................................................................
      **     over full scans.  FIXME */
      pNew->rRun = sqlite3LogEstAdd(rSize,rLogSize) + 16;
      whereLoopOutputAdjust(pWC, pNew);
      rc = whereLoopInsert(pBuilder, pNew);
      pNew->nOut = rSize;
      if( rc ) break;
    }else{





      Bitmask m = pSrc->colUsed & ~columnsInIndex(pProbe);
      pNew->wsFlags = (m==0) ? (WHERE_IDX_ONLY|WHERE_INDEXED) : WHERE_INDEXED;


      /* Full scan via index */
      if( b

       || ( m==0
         && pProbe->bUnordered==0
         && pProbe->szIdxRow<pTab->szTabRow
         && (pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED)==0
         && sqlite3GlobalConfig.bUseCis
         && OptimizationEnabled(pWInfo->pParse->db, SQLITE_CoverIdxScan)
          )
      ){
        pNew->iSortIdx = b ? iSortIdx : 0;
        if( m==0 ){
................................................................................
          **  +  The extra factor K of between 1.1 and 3.0 that depends
          **     on the relative sizes of the table and the index.  K
          **     is smaller for smaller indices, thus favoring them.
          */
          pNew->rRun = sqlite3LogEstAdd(rSize,rLogSize) + 1 +
                        (15*pProbe->szIdxRow)/pTab->szTabRow;
        }else{
          assert( b!=0 ); 
          /* TUNING: Cost of scanning a non-covering index is (N+1)*log2(N)
          ** which we will simplify to just N*log2(N) */
          pNew->rRun = rSize + rLogSize;
        }
        whereLoopOutputAdjust(pWC, pNew);
        rc = whereLoopInsert(pBuilder, pNew);
        pNew->nOut = rSize;
................................................................................
    memset(pUsage, 0, sizeof(pUsage[0])*pIdxInfo->nConstraint);
    if( pIdxInfo->needToFreeIdxStr ) sqlite3_free(pIdxInfo->idxStr);
    pIdxInfo->idxStr = 0;
    pIdxInfo->idxNum = 0;
    pIdxInfo->needToFreeIdxStr = 0;
    pIdxInfo->orderByConsumed = 0;
    pIdxInfo->estimatedCost = SQLITE_BIG_DBL / (double)2;

    rc = vtabBestIndex(pParse, pTab, pIdxInfo);
    if( rc ) goto whereLoopAddVtab_exit;
    pIdxCons = *(struct sqlite3_index_constraint**)&pIdxInfo->aConstraint;
    pNew->prereq = 0;
    mxTerm = -1;
    assert( pNew->nLSlot>=nConstraint );
    for(i=0; i<nConstraint; i++) pNew->aLTerm[i] = 0;
................................................................................
      pNew->u.vtab.needFree = pIdxInfo->needToFreeIdxStr;
      pIdxInfo->needToFreeIdxStr = 0;
      pNew->u.vtab.idxStr = pIdxInfo->idxStr;
      pNew->u.vtab.isOrdered = (u8)((pIdxInfo->nOrderBy!=0)
                                     && pIdxInfo->orderByConsumed);
      pNew->rSetup = 0;
      pNew->rRun = sqlite3LogEstFromDouble(pIdxInfo->estimatedCost);
      /* TUNING: Every virtual table query returns 25 rows */
      pNew->nOut = 46;  assert( 46==sqlite3LogEst(25) );
      whereLoopInsert(pBuilder, pNew);
      if( pNew->u.vtab.needFree ){
        sqlite3_free(pNew->u.vtab.idxStr);
        pNew->u.vtab.needFree = 0;
      }
    }
  }  
................................................................................
  
  pWC = pBuilder->pWC;
  if( pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_AND_ONLY ) return SQLITE_OK;
  pWCEnd = pWC->a + pWC->nTerm;
  pNew = pBuilder->pNew;
  memset(&sSum, 0, sizeof(sSum));
  pItem = pWInfo->pTabList->a + pNew->iTab;

  iCur = pItem->iCursor;

  for(pTerm=pWC->a; pTerm<pWCEnd && rc==SQLITE_OK; pTerm++){
    if( (pTerm->eOperator & WO_OR)!=0
     && (pTerm->u.pOrInfo->indexable & pNew->maskSelf)!=0 
    ){
      WhereClause * const pOrWC = &pTerm->u.pOrInfo->wc;
................................................................................
){
  u8 revSet;            /* True if rev is known */
  u8 rev;               /* Composite sort order */
  u8 revIdx;            /* Index sort order */
  u8 isOrderDistinct;   /* All prior WhereLoops are order-distinct */
  u8 distinctColumns;   /* True if the loop has UNIQUE NOT NULL columns */
  u8 isMatch;           /* iColumn matches a term of the ORDER BY clause */
  u16 nColumn;          /* Number of columns in pIndex */

  u16 nOrderBy;         /* Number terms in the ORDER BY clause */
  int iLoop;            /* Index of WhereLoop in pPath being processed */
  int i, j;             /* Loop counters */
  int iCur;             /* Cursor number for current WhereLoop */
  int iColumn;          /* A column number within table iCur */
  WhereLoop *pLoop = 0; /* Current WhereLoop being processed. */
  WhereTerm *pTerm;     /* A single term of the WHERE clause */
................................................................................
      }
      obSat |= MASKBIT(i);
    }

    if( (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_ONEROW)==0 ){
      if( pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_IPK ){
        pIndex = 0;

        nColumn = 0;
      }else if( (pIndex = pLoop->u.btree.pIndex)==0 || pIndex->bUnordered ){
        return 0;
      }else{

        nColumn = pIndex->nColumn;


        isOrderDistinct = pIndex->onError!=OE_None;
      }

      /* Loop through all columns of the index and deal with the ones
      ** that are not constrained by == or IN.
      */
      rev = revSet = 0;
      distinctColumns = 0;
      for(j=0; j<=nColumn; j++){
        u8 bOnce;   /* True to run the ORDER BY search loop */

        /* Skip over == and IS NULL terms */
        if( j<pLoop->u.btree.nEq
         && ((i = pLoop->aLTerm[j]->eOperator) & (WO_EQ|WO_ISNULL))!=0
        ){
          if( i & WO_ISNULL ){
................................................................................
          }
          continue;  
        }

        /* Get the column number in the table (iColumn) and sort order
        ** (revIdx) for the j-th column of the index.
        */
        if( j<nColumn ){
          /* Normal index columns */
          iColumn = pIndex->aiColumn[j];
          revIdx = pIndex->aSortOrder[j];
          if( iColumn==pIndex->pTable->iPKey ) iColumn = -1;
        }else{
          /* The ROWID column at the end */
          assert( j==nColumn );
          iColumn = -1;
          revIdx = 0;
        }

        /* An unconstrained column that might be NULL means that this
        ** WhereLoop is not well-ordered 
        */
................................................................................
              rev = revIdx ^ pOrderBy->a[i].sortOrder;
              if( rev ) *pRevMask |= MASKBIT(iLoop);
              revSet = 1;
            }
          }
        }else{
          /* No match found */
          if( j==0 || j<nColumn ){
            testcase( isOrderDistinct!=0 );
            isOrderDistinct = 0;
          }
          break;
        }
      } /* end Loop over all index columns */
      if( distinctColumns ){
................................................................................
    pLoop->rRun = 33;  /* 33==sqlite3LogEst(10) */
  }else{
    for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
      assert( pLoop->aLTermSpace==pLoop->aLTerm );
      assert( ArraySize(pLoop->aLTermSpace)==4 );
      if( pIdx->onError==OE_None 
       || pIdx->pPartIdxWhere!=0 
       || pIdx->nColumn>ArraySize(pLoop->aLTermSpace) 
      ) continue;
      for(j=0; j<pIdx->nColumn; j++){
        pTerm = findTerm(pWC, iCur, pIdx->aiColumn[j], 0, WO_EQ, pIdx);
        if( pTerm==0 ) break;
        pLoop->aLTerm[j] = pTerm;
      }
      if( j!=pIdx->nColumn ) continue;
      pLoop->wsFlags = WHERE_COLUMN_EQ|WHERE_ONEROW|WHERE_INDEXED;
      if( (pItem->colUsed & ~columnsInIndex(pIdx))==0 ){
        pLoop->wsFlags |= WHERE_IDX_ONLY;
      }
      pLoop->nLTerm = j;
      pLoop->u.btree.nEq = j;
      pLoop->u.btree.pIndex = pIdx;
      /* TUNING: Cost of a unique index lookup is 15 */
      pLoop->rRun = 39;  /* 39==sqlite3LogEst(15) */
................................................................................
**
** ORDER BY CLAUSE PROCESSING
**
** pOrderBy is a pointer to the ORDER BY clause (or the GROUP BY clause
** if the WHERE_GROUPBY flag is set in wctrlFlags) of a SELECT statement
** if there is one.  If there is no ORDER BY clause or if this routine
** is called from an UPDATE or DELETE statement, then pOrderBy is NULL.








*/
WhereInfo *sqlite3WhereBegin(
  Parse *pParse,        /* The parser context */
  SrcList *pTabList,    /* FROM clause: A list of all tables to be scanned */
  Expr *pWhere,         /* The WHERE clause */
  ExprList *pOrderBy,   /* An ORDER BY clause, or NULL */
  ExprList *pResultSet, /* Result set of the query */
................................................................................
  nByteWInfo = ROUND8(sizeof(WhereInfo)+(nTabList-1)*sizeof(WhereLevel));
  pWInfo = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, nByteWInfo + sizeof(WhereLoop));
  if( db->mallocFailed ){
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pWInfo);
    pWInfo = 0;
    goto whereBeginError;
  }

  pWInfo->nLevel = nTabList;
  pWInfo->pParse = pParse;
  pWInfo->pTabList = pTabList;
  pWInfo->pOrderBy = pOrderBy;
  pWInfo->pResultSet = pResultSet;
  pWInfo->iBreak = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
  pWInfo->wctrlFlags = wctrlFlags;
................................................................................
  ** The one-pass algorithm only works if the WHERE clause constrains
  ** the statement to update a single row.
  */
  assert( (wctrlFlags & WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED)==0 || pWInfo->nLevel==1 );
  if( (wctrlFlags & WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED)!=0 
   && (pWInfo->a[0].pWLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_ONEROW)!=0 ){
    pWInfo->okOnePass = 1;

    pWInfo->a[0].pWLoop->wsFlags &= ~WHERE_IDX_ONLY;
  }


  /* Open all tables in the pTabList and any indices selected for
  ** searching those tables.
  */
  notReady = ~(Bitmask)0;
  for(ii=0, pLevel=pWInfo->a; ii<nTabList; ii++, pLevel++){
    Table *pTab;     /* Table to open */
................................................................................
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_VOpen, iCur, 0, 0, pVTab, P4_VTAB);
    }else if( IsVirtual(pTab) ){
      /* noop */
    }else
#endif
    if( (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_IDX_ONLY)==0
         && (wctrlFlags & WHERE_OMIT_OPEN_CLOSE)==0 ){

      int op = pWInfo->okOnePass ? OP_OpenWrite : OP_OpenRead;



      sqlite3OpenTable(pParse, pTabItem->iCursor, iDb, pTab, op);

      testcase( !pWInfo->okOnePass && pTab->nCol==BMS-1 );
      testcase( !pWInfo->okOnePass && pTab->nCol==BMS );
      if( !pWInfo->okOnePass && pTab->nCol<BMS ){
        Bitmask b = pTabItem->colUsed;
        int n = 0;
        for(; b; b=b>>1, n++){}
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)-1, 
                            SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(n), P4_INT32);
        assert( n<=pTab->nCol );
      }
    }else{
      sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDb, pTab->tnum, 0, pTab->zName);
    }
    if( pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_INDEXED ){
      Index *pIx = pLoop->u.btree.pIndex;
      KeyInfo *pKey = sqlite3IndexKeyinfo(pParse, pIx);
      /* FIXME:  As an optimization use pTabItem->iCursor if WHERE_IDX_ONLY */

















      int iIndexCur = pLevel->iIdxCur = iIdxCur ? iIdxCur : pParse->nTab++;
      assert( pIx->pSchema==pTab->pSchema );
      assert( iIndexCur>=0 );
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_OpenRead, iIndexCur, pIx->tnum, iDb,
                        (char*)pKey, P4_KEYINFO_HANDOFF);

      VdbeComment((v, "%s", pIx->zName));
    }
    sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iDb);
    notReady &= ~getMask(&pWInfo->sMaskSet, pTabItem->iCursor);
  }
  pWInfo->iTop = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
  if( db->mallocFailed ) goto whereBeginError;
................................................................................
      if( pLevel->op==OP_Return ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Gosub, pLevel->p1, pLevel->addrFirst);
      }else{
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, pLevel->addrFirst);
      }
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);
    }


  }

  /* The "break" point is here, just past the end of the outer loop.
  ** Set it.
  */
  sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, pWInfo->iBreak);

  /* Close all of the cursors that were opened by sqlite3WhereBegin.
  */
  assert( pWInfo->nLevel<=pTabList->nSrc );
  for(i=0, pLevel=pWInfo->a; i<pWInfo->nLevel; i++, pLevel++){
    Index *pIdx = 0;
    struct SrcList_item *pTabItem = &pTabList->a[pLevel->iFrom];
    Table *pTab = pTabItem->pTab;
    assert( pTab!=0 );
    pLoop = pLevel->pWLoop;






    if( (pTab->tabFlags & TF_Ephemeral)==0
     && pTab->pSelect==0
     && (pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_OMIT_OPEN_CLOSE)==0
    ){
      int ws = pLoop->wsFlags;
      if( !pWInfo->okOnePass && (ws & WHERE_IDX_ONLY)==0 ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, pTabItem->iCursor);
      }

      if( (ws & WHERE_INDEXED)!=0 && (ws & (WHERE_IPK|WHERE_AUTO_INDEX))==0 ){


        sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, pLevel->iIdxCur);
      }
    }

    /* If this scan uses an index, make VDBE code substitutions to read data
    ** from the index instead of from the table where possible.  In some cases
    ** this optimization prevents the table from ever being read, which can
................................................................................
    */
    if( pLoop->wsFlags & (WHERE_INDEXED|WHERE_IDX_ONLY) ){
      pIdx = pLoop->u.btree.pIndex;
    }else if( pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_MULTI_OR ){
      pIdx = pLevel->u.pCovidx;
    }
    if( pIdx && !db->mallocFailed ){
      int k, j, last;
      VdbeOp *pOp;

      last = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
      k = pLevel->addrBody;
      pOp = sqlite3VdbeGetOp(v, k);
      for(; k<last; k++, pOp++){
        if( pOp->p1!=pLevel->iTabCur ) continue;
        if( pOp->opcode==OP_Column ){
          for(j=0; j<pIdx->nColumn; j++){



            if( pOp->p2==pIdx->aiColumn[j] ){



              pOp->p2 = j;
              pOp->p1 = pLevel->iIdxCur;
              break;
            }
          }
          assert( (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_IDX_ONLY)==0 || j<pIdx->nColumn );
        }else if( pOp->opcode==OP_Rowid ){
          pOp->p1 = pLevel->iIdxCur;
          pOp->opcode = OP_IdxRowid;
        }
      }
    }
  }







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2399
2400
2401
2402
2403
2404
2405
2406
2407
2408
2409
2410
....
2496
2497
2498
2499
2500
2501
2502
2503
2504
2505
2506
2507
2508
2509
2510
....
2614
2615
2616
2617
2618
2619
2620
2621
2622
2623
2624
2625
2626
2627
2628
2629
2630
2631
2632
2633
2634
2635
2636
2637
2638
2639
2640
2641
....
3014
3015
3016
3017
3018
3019
3020
3021
3022
3023
3024
3025
3026
3027
3028
3029
3030
3031
3032
3033
3034
3035
3036
3037
3038
3039
3040
3041
3042
3043
3044
3045
3046
3047
3048
....
3161
3162
3163
3164
3165
3166
3167
3168
3169
3170
3171
3172
3173
3174
3175
....
3418
3419
3420
3421
3422
3423
3424
3425
3426
3427
3428
3429
3430
3431
3432
....
3451
3452
3453
3454
3455
3456
3457
3458
3459
3460
3461
3462
3463
3464
3465
3466
....
3561
3562
3563
3564
3565
3566
3567
3568
3569
3570
3571
3572
3573
3574
3575
3576
3577
3578
3579
3580
3581
3582
3583
3584
3585
3586
3587
3588
3589
3590
....
4003
4004
4005
4006
4007
4008
4009
4010
4011
4012
4013
4014
4015
4016
4017
....
4303
4304
4305
4306
4307
4308
4309
4310
4311
4312
4313
4314
4315
4316
4317
4318
....
4361
4362
4363
4364
4365
4366
4367
4368
4369
4370
4371
4372
4373
4374
4375
....
4427
4428
4429
4430
4431
4432
4433
4434
4435
4436
4437
4438
4439
4440
4441
....
4466
4467
4468
4469
4470
4471
4472
4473
4474
4475
4476
4477
4478
4479
4480
....
4483
4484
4485
4486
4487
4488
4489
4490
4491
4492
4493
4494
4495
4496
4497
4498
4499
4500
4501
4502
....
4517
4518
4519
4520
4521
4522
4523
4524
4525
4526
4527
4528
4529
4530
4531
....
4540
4541
4542
4543
4544
4545
4546
4547
4548
4549
4550
4551
4552
4553
4554
4555
4556
4557
4558
4559
4560
4561
4562
4563
....
4574
4575
4576
4577
4578
4579
4580
4581
4582
4583
4584
4585
4586
4587
4588
....
4637
4638
4639
4640
4641
4642
4643
4644
4645
4646
4647
4648
4649
4650
4651
4652
4653
4654
4655
4656
4657
4658
4659
4660
4661
4662
4663
4664
4665
....
4667
4668
4669
4670
4671
4672
4673

4674
4675
4676
4677
4678
4679
4680
....
4784
4785
4786
4787
4788
4789
4790
4791
4792
4793
4794
4795
4796
4797
4798
....
4844
4845
4846
4847
4848
4849
4850
4851

4852
4853
4854
4855
4856
4857
4858
....
4882
4883
4884
4885
4886
4887
4888
4889
4890
4891
4892
4893
4894
4895
4896
....
5032
5033
5034
5035
5036
5037
5038
5039
5040
5041
5042
5043
5044
5045
5046
5047
....
5125
5126
5127
5128
5129
5130
5131
5132
5133
5134
5135
5136
5137
5138
5139
5140
5141
5142
5143
5144
5145
5146
5147
5148
5149
5150
5151
5152
5153
5154
5155
5156
....
5159
5160
5161
5162
5163
5164
5165
5166

5167
5168
5169
5170


5171
5172
5173
5174
5175
5176
5177
....
5220
5221
5222
5223
5224
5225
5226
5227
5228
5229
5230
5231
5232
5233
5234
....
5586
5587
5588
5589
5590
5591
5592
5593
5594
5595
5596
5597
5598
5599
5600
5601
5602
5603
5604
5605
5606
5607
5608
5609
....
5703
5704
5705
5706
5707
5708
5709
5710
5711
5712
5713
5714
5715
5716
5717
5718
5719
5720
5721
5722
5723
5724
....
5776
5777
5778
5779
5780
5781
5782
5783
5784
5785
5786
5787
5788
5789
5790
....
6008
6009
6010
6011
6012
6013
6014
6015
6016
6017
6018
6019
6020
6021
6022
6023
6024
6025
....
6040
6041
6042
6043
6044
6045
6046
6047
6048
6049
6050
6051
6052
6053
6054
6055
6056
6057
6058
6059
6060
6061
6062
6063
6064
6065
6066
6067
6068
6069
6070
6071
6072
6073
6074
6075
6076
6077
6078
6079
6080
6081
6082
6083
6084
6085
6086
6087
6088
6089
6090
6091

6092
6093
6094
6095
6096
6097
6098
6099
....
6180
6181
6182
6183
6184
6185
6186
6187
6188
6189
6190
6191
6192
6193
6194
6195


6196
6197
6198
6199
6200
6201
6202
6203
6204
6205
6206
6207
6208
6209
6210
6211
6212
6213
6214
6215
6216
6217
6218
6219
6220
6221
6222
6223
6224
6225
6226
6227
....
6235
6236
6237
6238
6239
6240
6241
6242
6243
6244
6245
6246
6247
6248
6249
6250
6251
6252
6253
6254
6255
6256
6257
6258
6259
6260

6261

6262
6263
6264
6265
6266
6267
6268
6269
  u8 untestedTerms;         /* Not all WHERE terms resolved by outer loop */
  u8 eDistinct;             /* One of the WHERE_DISTINCT_* values below */
  u8 nLevel;                /* Number of nested loop */
  int iTop;                 /* The very beginning of the WHERE loop */
  int iContinue;            /* Jump here to continue with next record */
  int iBreak;               /* Jump here to break out of the loop */
  int savedNQueryLoop;      /* pParse->nQueryLoop outside the WHERE loop */
  int aiCurOnePass[2];      /* OP_OpenWrite cursors for the ONEPASS opt */
  WhereMaskSet sMaskSet;    /* Map cursor numbers to bitmasks */
  WhereClause sWC;          /* Decomposition of the WHERE clause */
  WhereLevel a[1];          /* Information about each nest loop in WHERE */
};

/*
** Bitmasks for the operators on WhereTerm objects.  These are all
................................................................................
  return pWInfo->iBreak;
}

/*
** Return TRUE if an UPDATE or DELETE statement can operate directly on
** the rowids returned by a WHERE clause.  Return FALSE if doing an
** UPDATE or DELETE might change subsequent WHERE clause results.
**
** If the ONEPASS optimization is used (if this routine returns true)
** then also write the indices of open cursors used by ONEPASS
** into aiCur[0] and aiCur[1].  iaCur[0] gets the cursor of the data
** table and iaCur[1] gets the cursor used by an auxiliary index.
** Either value may be -1, indicating that cursor is not used.
** Any cursors returned will have been opened for writing.
**
** aiCur[0] and aiCur[1] both get -1 if the where-clause logic is
** unable to use the ONEPASS optimization.
*/
int sqlite3WhereOkOnePass(WhereInfo *pWInfo, int *aiCur){
  memcpy(aiCur, pWInfo->aiCurOnePass, sizeof(int)*2);
  return pWInfo->okOnePass;
}

/*
** Move the content of pSrc into pDest
*/
static void whereOrMove(WhereOrSet *pDest, WhereOrSet *pSrc){
................................................................................

  /* memset(pScan, 0, sizeof(*pScan)); */
  pScan->pOrigWC = pWC;
  pScan->pWC = pWC;
  if( pIdx && iColumn>=0 ){
    pScan->idxaff = pIdx->pTable->aCol[iColumn].affinity;
    for(j=0; pIdx->aiColumn[j]!=iColumn; j++){
      if( NEVER(j>=pIdx->nKeyCol) ) return 0;
    }
    pScan->zCollName = pIdx->azColl[j];
  }else{
    pScan->idxaff = 0;
    pScan->zCollName = 0;
  }
  pScan->opMask = opMask;
................................................................................
  **      comparison and select-list expressions must match those of the index.
  **
  **   3. All of those index columns for which the WHERE clause does not
  **      contain a "col=X" term are subject to a NOT NULL constraint.
  */
  for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
    if( pIdx->onError==OE_None ) continue;
    for(i=0; i<pIdx->nKeyCol; i++){
      i16 iCol = pIdx->aiColumn[i];
      if( 0==findTerm(pWC, iBase, iCol, ~(Bitmask)0, WO_EQ, pIdx) ){
        int iIdxCol = findIndexCol(pParse, pDistinct, iBase, pIdx, i);
        if( iIdxCol<0 || pTab->aCol[iCol].notNull==0 ){
          break;
        }
      }
    }
    if( i==pIdx->nKeyCol ){
      /* This index implies that the DISTINCT qualifier is redundant. */
      return 1;
    }
  }

  return 0;
}
................................................................................
       p->aConstraintUsage[i].argvIndex,
       p->aConstraintUsage[i].omit);
  }
  sqlite3DebugPrintf("  idxNum=%d\n", p->idxNum);
  sqlite3DebugPrintf("  idxStr=%s\n", p->idxStr);
  sqlite3DebugPrintf("  orderByConsumed=%d\n", p->orderByConsumed);
  sqlite3DebugPrintf("  estimatedCost=%g\n", p->estimatedCost);
  sqlite3DebugPrintf("  estimatedRows=%lld\n", p->estimatedRows);
}
#else
#define TRACE_IDX_INPUTS(A)
#define TRACE_IDX_OUTPUTS(A)
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOMATIC_INDEX
................................................................................
static void constructAutomaticIndex(
  Parse *pParse,              /* The parsing context */
  WhereClause *pWC,           /* The WHERE clause */
  struct SrcList_item *pSrc,  /* The FROM clause term to get the next index */
  Bitmask notReady,           /* Mask of cursors that are not available */
  WhereLevel *pLevel          /* Write new index here */
){
  int nKeyCol;                /* Number of columns in the constructed index */
  WhereTerm *pTerm;           /* A single term of the WHERE clause */
  WhereTerm *pWCEnd;          /* End of pWC->a[] */

  Index *pIdx;                /* Object describing the transient index */
  Vdbe *v;                    /* Prepared statement under construction */
  int addrInit;               /* Address of the initialization bypass jump */
  Table *pTable;              /* The table being indexed */

  int addrTop;                /* Top of the index fill loop */
  int regRecord;              /* Register holding an index record */
  int n;                      /* Column counter */
  int i;                      /* Loop counter */
  int mxBitCol;               /* Maximum column in pSrc->colUsed */
  CollSeq *pColl;             /* Collating sequence to on a column */
  WhereLoop *pLoop;           /* The Loop object */
  char *zNotUsed;             /* Extra space on the end of pIdx */
  Bitmask idxCols;            /* Bitmap of columns used for indexing */
  Bitmask extraCols;          /* Bitmap of additional columns */
  u8 sentWarning = 0;         /* True if a warnning has been issued */

  /* Generate code to skip over the creation and initialization of the
  ** transient index on 2nd and subsequent iterations of the loop. */
  v = pParse->pVdbe;
  assert( v!=0 );
  addrInit = sqlite3CodeOnce(pParse);

  /* Count the number of columns that will be added to the index
  ** and used to match WHERE clause constraints */
  nKeyCol = 0;
  pTable = pSrc->pTab;
  pWCEnd = &pWC->a[pWC->nTerm];
  pLoop = pLevel->pWLoop;
  idxCols = 0;
  for(pTerm=pWC->a; pTerm<pWCEnd; pTerm++){
    if( termCanDriveIndex(pTerm, pSrc, notReady) ){
      int iCol = pTerm->u.leftColumn;
................................................................................
      if( !sentWarning ){
        sqlite3_log(SQLITE_WARNING_AUTOINDEX,
            "automatic index on %s(%s)", pTable->zName,
            pTable->aCol[iCol].zName);
        sentWarning = 1;
      }
      if( (idxCols & cMask)==0 ){
        if( whereLoopResize(pParse->db, pLoop, nKeyCol+1) ) return;
        pLoop->aLTerm[nKeyCol++] = pTerm;
        idxCols |= cMask;
      }
    }
  }
  assert( nKeyCol>0 );
  pLoop->u.btree.nEq = pLoop->nLTerm = nKeyCol;
  pLoop->wsFlags = WHERE_COLUMN_EQ | WHERE_IDX_ONLY | WHERE_INDEXED
                     | WHERE_AUTO_INDEX;

  /* Count the number of additional columns needed to create a
  ** covering index.  A "covering index" is an index that contains all
  ** columns that are needed by the query.  With a covering index, the
  ** original table never needs to be accessed.  Automatic indices must
................................................................................
  ** if they go out of sync.
  */
  extraCols = pSrc->colUsed & (~idxCols | MASKBIT(BMS-1));
  mxBitCol = (pTable->nCol >= BMS-1) ? BMS-1 : pTable->nCol;
  testcase( pTable->nCol==BMS-1 );
  testcase( pTable->nCol==BMS-2 );
  for(i=0; i<mxBitCol; i++){
    if( extraCols & MASKBIT(i) ) nKeyCol++;
  }
  if( pSrc->colUsed & MASKBIT(BMS-1) ){
    nKeyCol += pTable->nCol - BMS + 1;
  }
  pLoop->wsFlags |= WHERE_COLUMN_EQ | WHERE_IDX_ONLY;

  /* Construct the Index object to describe this index */
  pIdx = sqlite3AllocateIndexObject(pParse->db, nKeyCol+1, 0, &zNotUsed);




  if( pIdx==0 ) return;
  pLoop->u.btree.pIndex = pIdx;



  pIdx->zName = "auto-index";

  pIdx->pTable = pTable;
  n = 0;
  idxCols = 0;
  for(pTerm=pWC->a; pTerm<pWCEnd; pTerm++){
    if( termCanDriveIndex(pTerm, pSrc, notReady) ){
      int iCol = pTerm->u.leftColumn;
      Bitmask cMask = iCol>=BMS ? MASKBIT(BMS-1) : MASKBIT(iCol);
................................................................................
  if( pSrc->colUsed & MASKBIT(BMS-1) ){
    for(i=BMS-1; i<pTable->nCol; i++){
      pIdx->aiColumn[n] = i;
      pIdx->azColl[n] = "BINARY";
      n++;
    }
  }
  assert( n==nKeyCol );
  pIdx->aiColumn[n] = -1;
  pIdx->azColl[n] = "BINARY";

  /* Create the automatic index */

  assert( pLevel->iIdxCur>=0 );
  pLevel->iIdxCur = pParse->nTab++;
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_OpenAutoindex, pLevel->iIdxCur, nKeyCol+1);

  sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(pParse, pIdx);
  VdbeComment((v, "for %s", pTable->zName));

  /* Fill the automatic index with content */
  addrTop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Rewind, pLevel->iTabCur);
  regRecord = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
  sqlite3GenerateIndexKey(pParse, pIdx, pLevel->iTabCur, regRecord, 0, 0);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxInsert, pLevel->iIdxCur, regRecord);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, pLevel->iTabCur, addrTop+1);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_AUTOINDEX);
  sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrTop);
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regRecord);
  
................................................................................
    if( i==0 ){
      iLower = 0;
      iUpper = aSample[0].anLt[iCol];
    }else{
      iUpper = i>=pIdx->nSample ? pIdx->aiRowEst[0] : aSample[i].anLt[iCol];
      iLower = aSample[i-1].anEq[iCol] + aSample[i-1].anLt[iCol];
    }
    aStat[1] = (pIdx->nKeyCol>iCol ? pIdx->aAvgEq[iCol] : 1);
    if( iLower>=iUpper ){
      iGap = 0;
    }else{
      iGap = iUpper - iLower;
    }
    if( roundUp ){
      iGap = (iGap*2)/3;
................................................................................
    ** less than the upper bound of the range query. Where the upper bound
    ** is either ($P) or ($P:$U). Again, even if $U is available, both values
    ** of iUpper are requested of whereKeyStats() and the smaller used.
    */
    tRowcnt iLower;
    tRowcnt iUpper;

    if( nEq==p->nKeyCol ){
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER;
    }else{
      aff = p->pTable->aCol[p->aiColumn[nEq]].affinity;
    }
    /* Determine iLower and iUpper using ($P) only. */
    if( nEq==0 ){
      iLower = 0;
................................................................................
  UnpackedRecord *pRec = pBuilder->pRec;
  u8 aff;                   /* Column affinity */
  int rc;                   /* Subfunction return code */
  tRowcnt a[2];             /* Statistics */
  int bOk;

  assert( nEq>=1 );
  assert( nEq<=(p->nKeyCol+1) );
  assert( p->aSample!=0 );
  assert( p->nSample>0 );
  assert( pBuilder->nRecValid<nEq );

  /* If values are not available for all fields of the index to the left
  ** of this one, no estimate can be made. Return SQLITE_NOTFOUND. */
  if( pBuilder->nRecValid<(nEq-1) ){
    return SQLITE_NOTFOUND;
  }

  /* This is an optimization only. The call to sqlite3Stat4ProbeSetValue()
  ** below would return the same value.  */
  if( nEq>p->nKeyCol ){
    *pnRow = 1;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

  aff = p->pTable->aCol[p->aiColumn[nEq-1]].affinity;
  rc = sqlite3Stat4ProbeSetValue(pParse, p, &pRec, pExpr, aff, nEq-1, &bOk);
  pBuilder->pRec = pRec;
................................................................................
** no longer required.
*/
static char *explainIndexRange(sqlite3 *db, WhereLoop *pLoop, Table *pTab){
  Index *pIndex = pLoop->u.btree.pIndex;
  int nEq = pLoop->u.btree.nEq;
  int i, j;
  Column *aCol = pTab->aCol;
  i16 *aiColumn = pIndex->aiColumn;
  StrAccum txt;

  if( nEq==0 && (pLoop->wsFlags & (WHERE_BTM_LIMIT|WHERE_TOP_LIMIT))==0 ){
    return 0;
  }
  sqlite3StrAccumInit(&txt, 0, 0, SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH);
  txt.db = db;
  sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&txt, " (", 2);
  for(i=0; i<nEq; i++){
    char *z = (i==pIndex->nKeyCol ) ? "rowid" : aCol[aiColumn[i]].zName;
    explainAppendTerm(&txt, i, z, "=");
  }

  j = i;
  if( pLoop->wsFlags&WHERE_BTM_LIMIT ){
    char *z = (j==pIndex->nKeyCol ) ? "rowid" : aCol[aiColumn[j]].zName;
    explainAppendTerm(&txt, i++, z, ">");
  }
  if( pLoop->wsFlags&WHERE_TOP_LIMIT ){
    char *z = (j==pIndex->nKeyCol ) ? "rowid" : aCol[aiColumn[j]].zName;
    explainAppendTerm(&txt, i, z, "<");
  }
  sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&txt, ")", 1);
  return sqlite3StrAccumFinish(&txt);
}

/*
................................................................................
  pLoop = pLevel->pWLoop;
  pTabItem = &pWInfo->pTabList->a[pLevel->iFrom];
  iCur = pTabItem->iCursor;
  pLevel->notReady = notReady & ~getMask(&pWInfo->sMaskSet, iCur);
  bRev = (pWInfo->revMask>>iLevel)&1;
  omitTable = (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_IDX_ONLY)!=0 
           && (pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_FORCE_TABLE)==0;
  VdbeNoopComment((v, "Begin WHERE-Loop %d: %s", iLevel,pTabItem->pTab->zName));

  /* Create labels for the "break" and "continue" instructions
  ** for the current loop.  Jump to addrBrk to break out of a loop.
  ** Jump to cont to go immediately to the next iteration of the
  ** loop.
  **
  ** When there is an IN operator, we also have a "addrNxt" label that
................................................................................
    ** a single iteration. This means that the first row returned
    ** should not have a NULL value stored in 'x'. If column 'x' is
    ** the first one after the nEq equality constraints in the index,
    ** this requires some special handling.
    */
    if( (pWInfo->wctrlFlags&WHERE_ORDERBY_MIN)!=0
     && (pWInfo->bOBSat!=0)
     && (pIdx->nKeyCol>nEq)
    ){
      /* assert( pOrderBy->nExpr==1 ); */
      /* assert( pOrderBy->a[0].pExpr->iColumn==pIdx->aiColumn[nEq] ); */
      isMinQuery = 1;
      nExtraReg = 1;
    }

................................................................................
    zEndAff = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, zStartAff);
    addrNxt = pLevel->addrNxt;

    /* If we are doing a reverse order scan on an ascending index, or
    ** a forward order scan on a descending index, interchange the 
    ** start and end terms (pRangeStart and pRangeEnd).
    */
    if( (nEq<pIdx->nKeyCol && bRev==(pIdx->aSortOrder[nEq]==SQLITE_SO_ASC))
     || (bRev && pIdx->nKeyCol==nEq)
    ){
      SWAP(WhereTerm *, pRangeEnd, pRangeStart);
    }

    testcase( pRangeStart && (pRangeStart->eOperator & WO_LE)!=0 );
    testcase( pRangeStart && (pRangeStart->eOperator & WO_GE)!=0 );
    testcase( pRangeEnd && (pRangeEnd->eOperator & WO_LE)!=0 );
................................................................................
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, r1, addrCont);
    }
    sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r1);

    /* Seek the table cursor, if required */
    disableTerm(pLevel, pRangeStart);
    disableTerm(pLevel, pRangeEnd);
    if( omitTable ){
      /* pIdx is a covering index.  No need to access the main table. */
    }else if( HasRowid(pIdx->pTable) ){
      iRowidReg = iReleaseReg = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxRowid, iIdxCur, iRowidReg);
      sqlite3ExprCacheStore(pParse, iCur, -1, iRowidReg);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Seek, iCur, iRowidReg);  /* Deferred seek */
    }else{
      Index *pPk = sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pIdx->pTable);
      iRowidReg = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, pPk->nKeyCol);
      for(j=0; j<pPk->nKeyCol; j++){
        k = sqlite3ColumnOfIndex(pIdx, pPk->aiColumn[j]);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iIdxCur, k, iRowidReg+j);
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_NotFound, iCur, addrCont,
                           iRowidReg, pPk->nKeyCol);
    }

    /* Record the instruction used to terminate the loop. Disable 
    ** WHERE clause terms made redundant by the index range scan.
    */
    if( pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_ONEROW ){
      pLevel->op = OP_Noop;
................................................................................
  if( p->wsFlags & (WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE|WHERE_AUTO_INDEX) ){
    if( (p->wsFlags & WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE)!=0 && p->u.vtab.needFree ){
      sqlite3_free(p->u.vtab.idxStr);
      p->u.vtab.needFree = 0;
      p->u.vtab.idxStr = 0;
    }else if( (p->wsFlags & WHERE_AUTO_INDEX)!=0 && p->u.btree.pIndex!=0 ){
      sqlite3DbFree(db, p->u.btree.pIndex->zColAff);
      sqlite3KeyInfoUnref(p->u.btree.pIndex->pKeyInfo);
      sqlite3DbFree(db, p->u.btree.pIndex);
      p->u.btree.pIndex = 0;
    }
  }
}

/*
................................................................................
  }else if( pProbe->tnum<=0 || (pSrc->jointype & JT_LEFT)!=0 ){
    opMask = WO_EQ|WO_IN|WO_GT|WO_GE|WO_LT|WO_LE;
  }else{
    opMask = WO_EQ|WO_IN|WO_ISNULL|WO_GT|WO_GE|WO_LT|WO_LE;
  }
  if( pProbe->bUnordered ) opMask &= ~(WO_GT|WO_GE|WO_LT|WO_LE);

  assert( pNew->u.btree.nEq<=pProbe->nKeyCol );
  if( pNew->u.btree.nEq < pProbe->nKeyCol ){
    iCol = pProbe->aiColumn[pNew->u.btree.nEq];
    nRowEst = sqlite3LogEst(pProbe->aiRowEst[pNew->u.btree.nEq+1]);
    if( nRowEst==0 && pProbe->onError==OE_None ) nRowEst = 1;
  }else{
    iCol = -1;
    nRowEst = 0;
  }
................................................................................
      pNew->nOut = nRowEst + nInMul + nIn;
    }else if( pTerm->eOperator & (WO_EQ) ){
      assert( (pNew->wsFlags & (WHERE_COLUMN_NULL|WHERE_COLUMN_IN))!=0