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Changes In Branch wal2 Excluding Merge-Ins

This is equivalent to a diff from 0c1fcf47 to 5c183757

2020-06-03
22:47
Version number to 3.32.2 (check-in: 4454b27f user: drh tags: branch-3.32)
2020-05-26
10:54
Innocuous changes to help Coverity avoid false-positives. (check-in: 4ec8a5a2 user: drh tags: trunk)
2020-05-25
18:18
Merge version 3.32.1 into the begin-concurrent-pnu-wal2 branch. (Leaf check-in: 0f9464c5 user: drh tags: begin-concurrent-pnu-wal2)
18:09
Merge version 3.32.1 into the wal2 branch. (Leaf check-in: 5c183757 user: drh tags: wal2)
18:03
Merge versoin 3.32.1 into the begin-concurrent-pnu branch. (Leaf check-in: e8d79d2b user: drh tags: begin-concurrent-pnu)
17:27
Merge version 3.32.1 into the begin-concurrent branch. (Leaf check-in: 5e08e360 user: drh tags: begin-concurrent)
16:34
Update the reuse-schema branch to version 3.32.1 (check-in: ecf8dece user: drh tags: reuse-schema)
16:19
Version 3.32.1 (check-in: 0c1fcf47 user: drh tags: trunk, release, version-3.32.1)
15:41
Extra assert() statements in the printf() logic. (check-in: b1b182be user: drh tags: trunk)
2020-05-22
18:28
Merge version 3.32.0 into the wal2 branch. (check-in: 1cb46a74 user: drh tags: wal2)

Changes to Makefile.in.

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# Statically linked extensions
#
TESTSRC += \
  $(TOP)/ext/expert/sqlite3expert.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/expert/test_expert.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/amatch.c \

  $(TOP)/ext/misc/carray.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/closure.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/csv.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/eval.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/explain.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/fileio.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/fuzzer.c \







>







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# Statically linked extensions
#
TESTSRC += \
  $(TOP)/ext/expert/sqlite3expert.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/expert/test_expert.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/amatch.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/bgckpt.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/carray.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/closure.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/csv.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/eval.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/explain.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/fileio.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/fuzzer.c \

Changes to Makefile.msc.

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# Statically linked extensions.
#
TESTEXT = \
  $(TOP)\ext\expert\sqlite3expert.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\expert\test_expert.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\misc\amatch.c \

  $(TOP)\ext\misc\carray.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\misc\closure.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\misc\csv.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\misc\eval.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\misc\explain.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\misc\fileio.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\misc\fuzzer.c \







>







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# Statically linked extensions.
#
TESTEXT = \
  $(TOP)\ext\expert\sqlite3expert.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\expert\test_expert.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\misc\amatch.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\misc\bgckpt.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\misc\carray.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\misc\closure.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\misc\csv.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\misc\eval.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\misc\explain.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\misc\fileio.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\misc\fuzzer.c \

Added doc/wal2.md.





































































































































































































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Wal2 Mode Notes
===============

## Activating/Deactivating Wal2 Mode

"Wal2" mode is very similar to "wal" mode. To change a database to wal2 mode,
use the command:

>
     PRAGMA journal_mode = wal2;

It is not possible to change a database directly from "wal" mode to "wal2"
mode. Instead, it must first be changed to rollback mode. So, to change a wal
mode database to wal2 mode, the following two commands may be used:

>
     PRAGMA journal_mode = delete;
     PRAGMA journal_mode = wal2;

A database in wal2 mode may only be accessed by versions of SQLite compiled
from this branch. Attempting to use any other version of SQLite results in an
SQLITE_NOTADB error. A wal2 mode database may be changed back to rollback mode
(making it accessible by all versions of SQLite) using:

>
     PRAGMA journal_mode = delete;

## The Advantage of Wal2 Mode

In legacy wal mode, when a writer writes data to the database, it doesn't
modify the database file directly. Instead, it appends new data to the
"<database>-wal" file. Readers read data from both the original database
file and the "<database>-wal" file. At some point, data is copied from the
"<database>-wal" file into the database file, after which the wal file can
be deleted or overwritten. Copying data from the wal file into the database
file is called a "checkpoint", and may be done explictly (either by "PRAGMA
wal_checkpoint" or sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2()), or
automatically (by configuring "PRAGMA wal_autocheckpoint" - this is the
default).

Checkpointers do not block writers, and writers do not block checkpointers.
However, if a writer writes to the database while a checkpoint is ongoing,
then the new data is appended to the end of the wal file. This means that,
even following the checkpoint, the wal file cannot be overwritten or deleted,
and so all subsequent transactions must also be appended to the wal file. The
work of the checkpointer is not wasted - SQLite remembers which parts of the
wal file have already been copied into the db file so that the next checkpoint
does not have to do so again - but it does mean that the wal file may grow
indefinitely if the checkpointer never gets a chance to finish without a
writer appending to the wal file. There are also circumstances in which
long-running readers may prevent a checkpointer from checkpointing the entire
wal file - also causing the wal file to grow indefinitely in a busy system.

Wal2 mode does not have this problem. In wal2 mode, wal files do not grow
indefinitely even if the checkpointer never has a chance to finish
uninterrupted.

In wal2 mode, the system uses two wal files instead of one. The files are named
"<database>-wal" and "<database>-wal2", where "<database>" is of
course the name of the database file. When data is written to the database, the
writer begins by appending the new data to the first wal file. Once the first
wal file has grown large enough, writers switch to appending data to the second
wal file. At this point the first wal file can be checkpointed (after which it
can be overwritten). Then, once the second wal file has grown large enough and
the first wal file has been checkpointed, writers switch back to the first wal
file. And so on.

## Application Programming

From the point of view of the user, the main differences between wal and 
wal2 mode are to do with checkpointing:

  * In wal mode, a checkpoint may be attempted at any time. In wal2 
    mode, the checkpointer has to wait until writers have switched 
    to the "other" wal file before a checkpoint can take place.

  * In wal mode, the wal-hook (callback registered using
    sqlite3_wal_hook()) is invoked after a transaction is committed
    with the total number of pages in the wal file as an argument. In wal2
    mode, the argument is either the total number of uncheckpointed pages in
    both wal files, or - if the "other" wal file is empty or already
    checkpointed - 0.

Clients are recommended to use the same strategies for checkpointing wal2 mode
databases as for wal databases - by registering a wal-hook using
sqlite3_wal_hook() and attempting a checkpoint when the parameter
exceeds a certain threshold.

However, it should be noted that although the wal-hook is invoked after each
transaction is committed to disk and database locks released, it is still
invoked from within the sqlite3_step() call used to execute the "COMMIT"
command. In BEGIN CONCURRENT systems, where the "COMMIT" is often protected by
an application mutex, this may reduce concurrency. In such systems, instead of
executing a checkpoint from within the wal-hook, a thread might defer this
action until after the application mutex has been released.


Added ext/misc/bgckpt.c.









































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































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/*
** 2017-10-11
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
******************************************************************************
**
*/

#if !defined(SQLITE_TEST) || defined(SQLITE_OS_UNIX)

#include "sqlite3.h"
#include <string.h>
#include <pthread.h>

/*
** API declarations.
*/
typedef struct Checkpointer Checkpointer;
int sqlite3_bgckpt_create(const char *zFilename, Checkpointer **pp);
int sqlite3_bgckpt_checkpoint(Checkpointer *p, int bBlock);
void sqlite3_bgckpt_destroy(Checkpointer *p);


struct Checkpointer {
  sqlite3 *db;                    /* Database handle */

  pthread_t thread;               /* Background thread */
  pthread_mutex_t mutex;
  pthread_cond_t cond;

  int rc;                         /* Error from "PRAGMA wal_checkpoint" */
  int bCkpt;                      /* True if checkpoint requested */
  int bExit;                      /* True if exit requested */
};

static void *bgckptThreadMain(void *pCtx){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  Checkpointer *p = (Checkpointer*)pCtx;

  while( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    int bExit;

    pthread_mutex_lock(&p->mutex);
    if( p->bCkpt==0 && p->bExit==0 ){
      pthread_cond_wait(&p->cond, &p->mutex);
    }
    p->bCkpt = 0;
    bExit = p->bExit;
    pthread_mutex_unlock(&p->mutex);

    if( bExit ) break;
    rc = sqlite3_exec(p->db, "PRAGMA wal_checkpoint", 0, 0, 0);
    if( rc==SQLITE_BUSY ){
      rc = SQLITE_OK;
    }
  }

  pthread_mutex_lock(&p->mutex);
  p->rc = rc;
  pthread_mutex_unlock(&p->mutex);
  return 0;
}

void sqlite3_bgckpt_destroy(Checkpointer *p){
  if( p ){
    void *ret = 0;

    /* Signal the background thread to exit */
    pthread_mutex_lock(&p->mutex);
    p->bExit = 1;
    pthread_cond_broadcast(&p->cond);
    pthread_mutex_unlock(&p->mutex);

    pthread_join(p->thread, &ret);
    sqlite3_close(p->db);
    sqlite3_free(p);
  }
}


int sqlite3_bgckpt_create(const char *zFilename, Checkpointer **pp){
  Checkpointer *pNew = 0;
  int rc;

  pNew = (Checkpointer*)sqlite3_malloc(sizeof(Checkpointer));
  if( pNew==0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }else{
    memset(pNew, 0, sizeof(Checkpointer));
    rc = sqlite3_open(zFilename, &pNew->db);
  }

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    pthread_mutex_init(&pNew->mutex, 0);
    pthread_cond_init(&pNew->cond, 0);
    pthread_create(&pNew->thread, 0, bgckptThreadMain, (void*)pNew);
  }

  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3_bgckpt_destroy(pNew);
    pNew = 0;
  }
  *pp = pNew;
  return rc;
}

int sqlite3_bgckpt_checkpoint(Checkpointer *p, int bBlock){
  int rc;
  pthread_mutex_lock(&p->mutex);
  rc = p->rc;
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    p->bCkpt = 1;
    pthread_cond_broadcast(&p->cond);
  }
  pthread_mutex_unlock(&p->mutex);
  return rc;
}

#ifdef SQLITE_TEST

#if defined(INCLUDE_SQLITE_TCL_H)
#  include "sqlite_tcl.h"
#else
#  include "tcl.h"
#  ifndef SQLITE_TCLAPI
#    define SQLITE_TCLAPI
#  endif
#endif

const char *sqlite3ErrName(int rc);

static void SQLITE_TCLAPI bgckpt_del(void * clientData){
  Checkpointer *pCkpt = (Checkpointer*)clientData;
  sqlite3_bgckpt_destroy(pCkpt);
}

/*
** Tclcmd: $ckpt SUBCMD ...
*/
static int SQLITE_TCLAPI bgckpt_obj_cmd(
  void * clientData,
  Tcl_Interp *interp,
  int objc,
  Tcl_Obj *CONST objv[]
){
  Checkpointer *pCkpt = (Checkpointer*)clientData;
  const char *aCmd[] = { "checkpoint", "destroy", 0 };
  int iCmd;

  if( objc<2 ){
    Tcl_WrongNumArgs(interp, 1, objv, "SUBCMD ...");
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }

  if( Tcl_GetIndexFromObj(interp, objv[1], aCmd, "sub-command", 0, &iCmd) ){
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }

  switch( iCmd ){
    case 0: {
      int rc;
      int bBlock = 0;

      if( objc>3 ){
        Tcl_WrongNumArgs(interp, 2, objv, "?BLOCKING?");
        return TCL_ERROR;
      }
      if( objc==3 && Tcl_GetBooleanFromObj(interp, objv[2], &bBlock) ){
        return TCL_ERROR;
      }

      rc = sqlite3_bgckpt_checkpoint(pCkpt, bBlock);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        Tcl_SetObjResult(interp, Tcl_NewStringObj(sqlite3ErrName(rc), -1));
        return TCL_ERROR;
      }
      break;
    }

    case 1: {
      Tcl_DeleteCommand(interp, Tcl_GetString(objv[0]));
      break;
    }
  }

  return TCL_OK;
}

/*
** Tclcmd: bgckpt CMDNAME FILENAME
*/
static int SQLITE_TCLAPI bgckpt_cmd(
  void * clientData,
  Tcl_Interp *interp,
  int objc,
  Tcl_Obj *CONST objv[]
){
  const char *zCmd;
  const char *zFilename;
  int rc;
  Checkpointer *pCkpt;

  if( objc!=3 ){
    Tcl_WrongNumArgs(interp, 1, objv, "CMDNAME FILENAME");
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  zCmd = Tcl_GetString(objv[1]);
  zFilename = Tcl_GetString(objv[2]);

  rc = sqlite3_bgckpt_create(zFilename, &pCkpt);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    Tcl_SetObjResult(interp, Tcl_NewStringObj(sqlite3ErrName(rc), -1));
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }

  Tcl_CreateObjCommand(interp, zCmd, bgckpt_obj_cmd, (void*)pCkpt, bgckpt_del);
  Tcl_SetObjResult(interp, objv[1]);
  return TCL_OK;
}

int Bgckpt_Init(Tcl_Interp *interp){
  Tcl_CreateObjCommand(interp, "bgckpt", bgckpt_cmd, 0, 0);
  return TCL_OK;
}
#endif   /* SQLITE_TEST */

#else
#if defined(INCLUDE_SQLITE_TCL_H)
#  include "sqlite_tcl.h"
#else
#  include "tcl.h"
#  ifndef SQLITE_TCLAPI
#    define SQLITE_TCLAPI
#  endif
#endif
int Bgckpt_Init(Tcl_Interp *interp){ return TCL_OK; }
#endif

Changes to main.mk.

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  $(TOP)/src/test_window.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_wsd.c

# Extensions to be statically loaded.
#
TESTSRC += \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/amatch.c \

  $(TOP)/ext/misc/carray.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/closure.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/csv.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/eval.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/explain.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/fileio.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/fuzzer.c \







>







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  $(TOP)/src/test_window.c \
  $(TOP)/src/test_wsd.c

# Extensions to be statically loaded.
#
TESTSRC += \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/amatch.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/bgckpt.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/carray.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/closure.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/csv.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/eval.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/explain.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/fileio.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/fuzzer.c \

Changes to src/btree.c.

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    if( page1[18]>1 ){
      pBt->btsFlags |= BTS_READ_ONLY;
    }
    if( page1[19]>1 ){
      goto page1_init_failed;
    }
#else
    if( page1[18]>2 ){
      pBt->btsFlags |= BTS_READ_ONLY;
    }
    if( page1[19]>2 ){
      goto page1_init_failed;
    }

    /* If the write version is set to 2, this database should be accessed
    ** in WAL mode. If the log is not already open, open it now. Then 
    ** return SQLITE_OK and return without populating BtShared.pPage1.
    ** The caller detects this and calls this function again. This is
    ** required as the version of page 1 currently in the page1 buffer
    ** may not be the latest version - there may be a newer one in the log
    ** file.
    */
    if( page1[19]==2 && (pBt->btsFlags & BTS_NO_WAL)==0 ){
      int isOpen = 0;
      rc = sqlite3PagerOpenWal(pBt->pPager, &isOpen);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        goto page1_init_failed;
      }else{
        setDefaultSyncFlag(pBt, SQLITE_DEFAULT_WAL_SYNCHRONOUS+1);
        if( isOpen==0 ){
          releasePageOne(pPage1);
          return SQLITE_OK;
................................................................................
** "write version" (single byte at byte offset 19) fields in the database
** header to iVersion.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeSetVersion(Btree *pBtree, int iVersion){
  BtShared *pBt = pBtree->pBt;
  int rc;                         /* Return code */
 
  assert( iVersion==1 || iVersion==2 );

  /* If setting the version fields to 1, do not automatically open the
  ** WAL connection, even if the version fields are currently set to 2.
  */
  pBt->btsFlags &= ~BTS_NO_WAL;
  if( iVersion==1 ) pBt->btsFlags |= BTS_NO_WAL;








|


|











|

|







 







|







3098
3099
3100
3101
3102
3103
3104
3105
3106
3107
3108
3109
3110
3111
3112
3113
3114
3115
3116
3117
3118
3119
3120
3121
3122
3123
3124
3125
3126
3127
3128
3129
.....
10462
10463
10464
10465
10466
10467
10468
10469
10470
10471
10472
10473
10474
10475
10476
    if( page1[18]>1 ){
      pBt->btsFlags |= BTS_READ_ONLY;
    }
    if( page1[19]>1 ){
      goto page1_init_failed;
    }
#else
    if( page1[18]>3 ){
      pBt->btsFlags |= BTS_READ_ONLY;
    }
    if( page1[19]>3 ){
      goto page1_init_failed;
    }

    /* If the write version is set to 2, this database should be accessed
    ** in WAL mode. If the log is not already open, open it now. Then 
    ** return SQLITE_OK and return without populating BtShared.pPage1.
    ** The caller detects this and calls this function again. This is
    ** required as the version of page 1 currently in the page1 buffer
    ** may not be the latest version - there may be a newer one in the log
    ** file.
    */
    if( page1[19]>=2 && (pBt->btsFlags & BTS_NO_WAL)==0 ){
      int isOpen = 0;
      rc = sqlite3PagerOpenWal(pBt->pPager, (page1[19]==3), &isOpen);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        goto page1_init_failed;
      }else{
        setDefaultSyncFlag(pBt, SQLITE_DEFAULT_WAL_SYNCHRONOUS+1);
        if( isOpen==0 ){
          releasePageOne(pPage1);
          return SQLITE_OK;
................................................................................
** "write version" (single byte at byte offset 19) fields in the database
** header to iVersion.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeSetVersion(Btree *pBtree, int iVersion){
  BtShared *pBt = pBtree->pBt;
  int rc;                         /* Return code */
 
  assert( iVersion==1 || iVersion==2 || iVersion==3 );

  /* If setting the version fields to 1, do not automatically open the
  ** WAL connection, even if the version fields are currently set to 2.
  */
  pBt->btsFlags &= ~BTS_NO_WAL;
  if( iVersion==1 ) pBt->btsFlags |= BTS_NO_WAL;

Changes to src/pager.c.

787
788
789
790
791
792
793
794
795
796
797
798
799
800
801
802
803
804
805
806
807
808
809
810
811
812
813
814
...
932
933
934
935
936
937
938

939
940
941
942
943
944
945
...
946
947
948
949
950
951
952

953
954
955
956
957
958
959
960
961
962
963
964

965
966
967
968
969
970
971
....
2053
2054
2055
2056
2057
2058
2059
2060
2061
2062
2063
2064
2065
2066
2067
2068
2069
2070
2071
2072
2073
2074

2075
2076
2077
2078
2079
2080
2081
....
3188
3189
3190
3191
3192
3193
3194




3195
3196
3197
3198
3199
3200
3201
....
3283
3284
3285
3286
3287
3288
3289
3290
3291
3292
3293
3294
3295
3296
3297
3298
3299
....
7250
7251
7252
7253
7254
7255
7256

7257
7258
7259
7260
7261
7262
7263
....
7284
7285
7286
7287
7288
7289
7290

7291
7292
7293


7294
7295
7296
7297
7298
7299
7300
....
7448
7449
7450
7451
7452
7453
7454
7455
7456
7457
7458
7459
7460
7461
7462
....
7469
7470
7471
7472
7473
7474
7475
7476
7477
7478
7479
7480
7481
7482
7483
....
7495
7496
7497
7498
7499
7500
7501

7502
7503
7504
7505
7506
7507
7508
....
7511
7512
7513
7514
7515
7516
7517
7518
7519
7520
7521
7522
7523
7524
7525
7526
7527
....
7535
7536
7537
7538
7539
7540
7541
7542


7543
7544
7545
7546
7547
7548
7549
....
7550
7551
7552
7553
7554
7555
7556
7557
7558
7559
7560
7561
7562
7563
7564
#endif

/*
** The maximum legal page number is (2^31 - 1).
*/
#define PAGER_MAX_PGNO 2147483647

/*
** The argument to this macro is a file descriptor (type sqlite3_file*).
** Return 0 if it is not open, or non-zero (but not 1) if it is.
**
** This is so that expressions can be written as:
**
**   if( isOpen(pPager->jfd) ){ ...
**
** instead of
**
**   if( pPager->jfd->pMethods ){ ...
*/
#define isOpen(pFd) ((pFd)->pMethods!=0)

#ifdef SQLITE_DIRECT_OVERFLOW_READ
/*
** Return true if page pgno can be read directly from the database file
** by the b-tree layer. This is the case if:
**
**   * the database file is open,
**   * there are no dirty pages in the cache, and
................................................................................
        ** a rollback transaction that switches from journal_mode=off
        ** to journal_mode=wal.
        */
        assert( p->eLock>=RESERVED_LOCK );
        assert( isOpen(p->jfd) 
             || p->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF 
             || p->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL 

        );
      }
      assert( pPager->dbOrigSize==pPager->dbFileSize );
      assert( pPager->dbOrigSize==pPager->dbHintSize );
      break;

    case PAGER_WRITER_DBMOD:
................................................................................
      assert( p->eLock==EXCLUSIVE_LOCK );
      assert( pPager->errCode==SQLITE_OK );
      assert( !pagerUseWal(pPager) );
      assert( p->eLock>=EXCLUSIVE_LOCK );
      assert( isOpen(p->jfd) 
           || p->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF 
           || p->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL 

           || (sqlite3OsDeviceCharacteristics(p->fd)&SQLITE_IOCAP_BATCH_ATOMIC)
      );
      assert( pPager->dbOrigSize<=pPager->dbHintSize );
      break;

    case PAGER_WRITER_FINISHED:
      assert( p->eLock==EXCLUSIVE_LOCK );
      assert( pPager->errCode==SQLITE_OK );
      assert( !pagerUseWal(pPager) );
      assert( isOpen(p->jfd) 
           || p->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF 
           || p->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL 

           || (sqlite3OsDeviceCharacteristics(p->fd)&SQLITE_IOCAP_BATCH_ATOMIC)
      );
      break;

    case PAGER_ERROR:
      /* There must be at least one outstanding reference to the pager if
      ** in ERROR state. Otherwise the pager should have already dropped
................................................................................
          ** https://bugzilla.mozilla.org/show_bug.cgi?id=1072773
          */
          rc = sqlite3OsSync(pPager->jfd, pPager->syncFlags);
        }
      }
      pPager->journalOff = 0;
    }else if( pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_PERSIST
      || (pPager->exclusiveMode && pPager->journalMode!=PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL)
    ){
      rc = zeroJournalHdr(pPager, hasMaster||pPager->tempFile);
      pPager->journalOff = 0;
    }else{
      /* This branch may be executed with Pager.journalMode==MEMORY if
      ** a hot-journal was just rolled back. In this case the journal
      ** file should be closed and deleted. If this connection writes to
      ** the database file, it will do so using an in-memory journal.
      */
      int bDelete = !pPager->tempFile;
      assert( sqlite3JournalIsInMemory(pPager->jfd)==0 );
      assert( pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_DELETE 
           || pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_MEMORY 
           || pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL 

      );
      sqlite3OsClose(pPager->jfd);
      if( bDelete ){
        rc = sqlite3OsDelete(pPager->pVfs, pPager->zJournal, pPager->extraSync);
      }
    }
  }
................................................................................
  */
  sqlite3WalEndReadTransaction(pPager->pWal);

  rc = sqlite3WalBeginReadTransaction(pPager->pWal, &changed);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK || changed ){
    pager_reset(pPager);
    if( USEFETCH(pPager) ) sqlite3OsUnfetch(pPager->fd, 0, 0);




  }

  return rc;
}
#endif

/*
................................................................................

        rc = pagerPagecount(pPager, &nPage);
        if( rc ) return rc;
        if( nPage==0 ){
          rc = sqlite3OsDelete(pPager->pVfs, pPager->zWal, 0);
        }else{
          testcase( sqlite3PcachePagecount(pPager->pPCache)==0 );
          rc = sqlite3PagerOpenWal(pPager, 0);
        }
      }else if( pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL ){
        pPager->journalMode = PAGER_JOURNALMODE_DELETE;
      }
    }
  }
  return rc;
}
#endif
................................................................................

  /* The eMode parameter is always valid */
  assert(      eMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_DELETE
            || eMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_TRUNCATE
            || eMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_PERSIST
            || eMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF 
            || eMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL 

            || eMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_MEMORY );

  /* This routine is only called from the OP_JournalMode opcode, and
  ** the logic there will never allow a temporary file to be changed
  ** to WAL mode.
  */
  assert( pPager->tempFile==0 || eMode!=PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL );
................................................................................
    */
    assert( (PAGER_JOURNALMODE_TRUNCATE & 5)==1 );
    assert( (PAGER_JOURNALMODE_PERSIST & 5)==1 );
    assert( (PAGER_JOURNALMODE_DELETE & 5)==0 );
    assert( (PAGER_JOURNALMODE_MEMORY & 5)==4 );
    assert( (PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF & 5)==0 );
    assert( (PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL & 5)==5 );


    assert( isOpen(pPager->fd) || pPager->exclusiveMode );
    if( !pPager->exclusiveMode && (eOld & 5)==1 && (eMode & 1)==0 ){



      /* In this case we would like to delete the journal file. If it is
      ** not possible, then that is not a problem. Deleting the journal file
      ** here is an optimization only.
      **
      ** Before deleting the journal file, obtain a RESERVED lock on the
      ** database file. This ensures that the journal file is not deleted
................................................................................

/*
** Call sqlite3WalOpen() to open the WAL handle. If the pager is in 
** exclusive-locking mode when this function is called, take an EXCLUSIVE
** lock on the database file and use heap-memory to store the wal-index
** in. Otherwise, use the normal shared-memory.
*/
static int pagerOpenWal(Pager *pPager){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  assert( pPager->pWal==0 && pPager->tempFile==0 );
  assert( pPager->eLock==SHARED_LOCK || pPager->eLock==EXCLUSIVE_LOCK );

  /* If the pager is already in exclusive-mode, the WAL module will use 
  ** heap-memory for the wal-index instead of the VFS shared-memory 
................................................................................

  /* Open the connection to the log file. If this operation fails, 
  ** (e.g. due to malloc() failure), return an error code.
  */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3WalOpen(pPager->pVfs,
        pPager->fd, pPager->zWal, pPager->exclusiveMode,
        pPager->journalSizeLimit, &pPager->pWal
    );
  }
  pagerFixMaplimit(pPager);

  return rc;
}

................................................................................
**
** If the pager is open on a temp-file (or in-memory database), or if
** the WAL file is already open, set *pbOpen to 1 and return SQLITE_OK
** without doing anything.
*/
int sqlite3PagerOpenWal(
  Pager *pPager,                  /* Pager object */

  int *pbOpen                     /* OUT: Set to true if call is a no-op */
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;             /* Return code */

  assert( assert_pager_state(pPager) );
  assert( pPager->eState==PAGER_OPEN   || pbOpen );
  assert( pPager->eState==PAGER_READER || !pbOpen );
................................................................................

  if( !pPager->tempFile && !pPager->pWal ){
    if( !sqlite3PagerWalSupported(pPager) ) return SQLITE_CANTOPEN;

    /* Close any rollback journal previously open */
    sqlite3OsClose(pPager->jfd);

    rc = pagerOpenWal(pPager);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      pPager->journalMode = PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL;
      pPager->eState = PAGER_OPEN;
    }
  }else{
    *pbOpen = 1;
  }

  return rc;
................................................................................
** EXCLUSIVE lock on the database file. If this cannot be obtained, an
** error (SQLITE_BUSY) is returned and the log connection is not closed.
** If successful, the EXCLUSIVE lock is not released before returning.
*/
int sqlite3PagerCloseWal(Pager *pPager, sqlite3 *db){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  assert( pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL );



  /* If the log file is not already open, but does exist in the file-system,
  ** it may need to be checkpointed before the connection can switch to
  ** rollback mode. Open it now so this can happen.
  */
  if( !pPager->pWal ){
    int logexists = 0;
................................................................................
    rc = pagerLockDb(pPager, SHARED_LOCK);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = sqlite3OsAccess(
          pPager->pVfs, pPager->zWal, SQLITE_ACCESS_EXISTS, &logexists
      );
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && logexists ){
      rc = pagerOpenWal(pPager);
    }
  }
    
  /* Checkpoint and close the log. Because an EXCLUSIVE lock is held on
  ** the database file, the log and log-summary files will be deleted.
  */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pPager->pWal ){







<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<







 







>







 







>












>







 







|













|
>







 







>
>
>
>







 







|

|







 







>







 







>


|
>
>







 







|







 







|







 







>







 







|

|







 







|
>
>







 







|







787
788
789
790
791
792
793














794
795
796
797
798
799
800
...
918
919
920
921
922
923
924
925
926
927
928
929
930
931
932
...
933
934
935
936
937
938
939
940
941
942
943
944
945
946
947
948
949
950
951
952
953
954
955
956
957
958
959
960
....
2042
2043
2044
2045
2046
2047
2048
2049
2050
2051
2052
2053
2054
2055
2056
2057
2058
2059
2060
2061
2062
2063
2064
2065
2066
2067
2068
2069
2070
2071
....
3178
3179
3180
3181
3182
3183
3184
3185
3186
3187
3188
3189
3190
3191
3192
3193
3194
3195
....
3277
3278
3279
3280
3281
3282
3283
3284
3285
3286
3287
3288
3289
3290
3291
3292
3293
....
7244
7245
7246
7247
7248
7249
7250
7251
7252
7253
7254
7255
7256
7257
7258
....
7279
7280
7281
7282
7283
7284
7285
7286
7287
7288
7289
7290
7291
7292
7293
7294
7295
7296
7297
7298
....
7446
7447
7448
7449
7450
7451
7452
7453
7454
7455
7456
7457
7458
7459
7460
....
7467
7468
7469
7470
7471
7472
7473
7474
7475
7476
7477
7478
7479
7480
7481
....
7493
7494
7495
7496
7497
7498
7499
7500
7501
7502
7503
7504
7505
7506
7507
....
7510
7511
7512
7513
7514
7515
7516
7517
7518
7519
7520
7521
7522
7523
7524
7525
7526
....
7534
7535
7536
7537
7538
7539
7540
7541
7542
7543
7544
7545
7546
7547
7548
7549
7550
....
7551
7552
7553
7554
7555
7556
7557
7558
7559
7560
7561
7562
7563
7564
7565
#endif

/*
** The maximum legal page number is (2^31 - 1).
*/
#define PAGER_MAX_PGNO 2147483647















#ifdef SQLITE_DIRECT_OVERFLOW_READ
/*
** Return true if page pgno can be read directly from the database file
** by the b-tree layer. This is the case if:
**
**   * the database file is open,
**   * there are no dirty pages in the cache, and
................................................................................
        ** a rollback transaction that switches from journal_mode=off
        ** to journal_mode=wal.
        */
        assert( p->eLock>=RESERVED_LOCK );
        assert( isOpen(p->jfd) 
             || p->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF 
             || p->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL 
             || p->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL2
        );
      }
      assert( pPager->dbOrigSize==pPager->dbFileSize );
      assert( pPager->dbOrigSize==pPager->dbHintSize );
      break;

    case PAGER_WRITER_DBMOD:
................................................................................
      assert( p->eLock==EXCLUSIVE_LOCK );
      assert( pPager->errCode==SQLITE_OK );
      assert( !pagerUseWal(pPager) );
      assert( p->eLock>=EXCLUSIVE_LOCK );
      assert( isOpen(p->jfd) 
           || p->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF 
           || p->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL 
           || p->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL2
           || (sqlite3OsDeviceCharacteristics(p->fd)&SQLITE_IOCAP_BATCH_ATOMIC)
      );
      assert( pPager->dbOrigSize<=pPager->dbHintSize );
      break;

    case PAGER_WRITER_FINISHED:
      assert( p->eLock==EXCLUSIVE_LOCK );
      assert( pPager->errCode==SQLITE_OK );
      assert( !pagerUseWal(pPager) );
      assert( isOpen(p->jfd) 
           || p->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF 
           || p->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL 
           || p->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL2
           || (sqlite3OsDeviceCharacteristics(p->fd)&SQLITE_IOCAP_BATCH_ATOMIC)
      );
      break;

    case PAGER_ERROR:
      /* There must be at least one outstanding reference to the pager if
      ** in ERROR state. Otherwise the pager should have already dropped
................................................................................
          ** https://bugzilla.mozilla.org/show_bug.cgi?id=1072773
          */
          rc = sqlite3OsSync(pPager->jfd, pPager->syncFlags);
        }
      }
      pPager->journalOff = 0;
    }else if( pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_PERSIST
      || (pPager->exclusiveMode && pPager->journalMode<PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL)
    ){
      rc = zeroJournalHdr(pPager, hasMaster||pPager->tempFile);
      pPager->journalOff = 0;
    }else{
      /* This branch may be executed with Pager.journalMode==MEMORY if
      ** a hot-journal was just rolled back. In this case the journal
      ** file should be closed and deleted. If this connection writes to
      ** the database file, it will do so using an in-memory journal.
      */
      int bDelete = !pPager->tempFile;
      assert( sqlite3JournalIsInMemory(pPager->jfd)==0 );
      assert( pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_DELETE 
           || pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_MEMORY 
           || pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL
           || pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL2
      );
      sqlite3OsClose(pPager->jfd);
      if( bDelete ){
        rc = sqlite3OsDelete(pPager->pVfs, pPager->zJournal, pPager->extraSync);
      }
    }
  }
................................................................................
  */
  sqlite3WalEndReadTransaction(pPager->pWal);

  rc = sqlite3WalBeginReadTransaction(pPager->pWal, &changed);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK || changed ){
    pager_reset(pPager);
    if( USEFETCH(pPager) ) sqlite3OsUnfetch(pPager->fd, 0, 0);
    assert( pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL
         || pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL2
    );
    pPager->journalMode = sqlite3WalJournalMode(pPager->pWal);
  }

  return rc;
}
#endif

/*
................................................................................

        rc = pagerPagecount(pPager, &nPage);
        if( rc ) return rc;
        if( nPage==0 ){
          rc = sqlite3OsDelete(pPager->pVfs, pPager->zWal, 0);
        }else{
          testcase( sqlite3PcachePagecount(pPager->pPCache)==0 );
          rc = sqlite3PagerOpenWal(pPager, 0, 0);
        }
      }else if( pPager->journalMode>=PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL ){
        pPager->journalMode = PAGER_JOURNALMODE_DELETE;
      }
    }
  }
  return rc;
}
#endif
................................................................................

  /* The eMode parameter is always valid */
  assert(      eMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_DELETE
            || eMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_TRUNCATE
            || eMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_PERSIST
            || eMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF 
            || eMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL 
            || eMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL2
            || eMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_MEMORY );

  /* This routine is only called from the OP_JournalMode opcode, and
  ** the logic there will never allow a temporary file to be changed
  ** to WAL mode.
  */
  assert( pPager->tempFile==0 || eMode!=PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL );
................................................................................
    */
    assert( (PAGER_JOURNALMODE_TRUNCATE & 5)==1 );
    assert( (PAGER_JOURNALMODE_PERSIST & 5)==1 );
    assert( (PAGER_JOURNALMODE_DELETE & 5)==0 );
    assert( (PAGER_JOURNALMODE_MEMORY & 5)==4 );
    assert( (PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF & 5)==0 );
    assert( (PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL & 5)==5 );
    assert( (PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL2 & 5)==4 );

    assert( isOpen(pPager->fd) || pPager->exclusiveMode );
    if( !pPager->exclusiveMode && (eOld & 5)==1 && (eMode & 1)==0 
     && eMode!=PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL2       /* TODO: fix this if possible */
    ){

      /* In this case we would like to delete the journal file. If it is
      ** not possible, then that is not a problem. Deleting the journal file
      ** here is an optimization only.
      **
      ** Before deleting the journal file, obtain a RESERVED lock on the
      ** database file. This ensures that the journal file is not deleted
................................................................................

/*
** Call sqlite3WalOpen() to open the WAL handle. If the pager is in 
** exclusive-locking mode when this function is called, take an EXCLUSIVE
** lock on the database file and use heap-memory to store the wal-index
** in. Otherwise, use the normal shared-memory.
*/
static int pagerOpenWal(Pager *pPager, int bWal2){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  assert( pPager->pWal==0 && pPager->tempFile==0 );
  assert( pPager->eLock==SHARED_LOCK || pPager->eLock==EXCLUSIVE_LOCK );

  /* If the pager is already in exclusive-mode, the WAL module will use 
  ** heap-memory for the wal-index instead of the VFS shared-memory 
................................................................................

  /* Open the connection to the log file. If this operation fails, 
  ** (e.g. due to malloc() failure), return an error code.
  */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3WalOpen(pPager->pVfs,
        pPager->fd, pPager->zWal, pPager->exclusiveMode,
        pPager->journalSizeLimit, bWal2, &pPager->pWal
    );
  }
  pagerFixMaplimit(pPager);

  return rc;
}

................................................................................
**
** If the pager is open on a temp-file (or in-memory database), or if
** the WAL file is already open, set *pbOpen to 1 and return SQLITE_OK
** without doing anything.
*/
int sqlite3PagerOpenWal(
  Pager *pPager,                  /* Pager object */
  int bWal2,                      /* Open in wal2 mode if not already open */
  int *pbOpen                     /* OUT: Set to true if call is a no-op */
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;             /* Return code */

  assert( assert_pager_state(pPager) );
  assert( pPager->eState==PAGER_OPEN   || pbOpen );
  assert( pPager->eState==PAGER_READER || !pbOpen );
................................................................................

  if( !pPager->tempFile && !pPager->pWal ){
    if( !sqlite3PagerWalSupported(pPager) ) return SQLITE_CANTOPEN;

    /* Close any rollback journal previously open */
    sqlite3OsClose(pPager->jfd);

    rc = pagerOpenWal(pPager, bWal2);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      pPager->journalMode = bWal2?PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL2:PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL;
      pPager->eState = PAGER_OPEN;
    }
  }else{
    *pbOpen = 1;
  }

  return rc;
................................................................................
** EXCLUSIVE lock on the database file. If this cannot be obtained, an
** error (SQLITE_BUSY) is returned and the log connection is not closed.
** If successful, the EXCLUSIVE lock is not released before returning.
*/
int sqlite3PagerCloseWal(Pager *pPager, sqlite3 *db){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  assert( pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL 
       || pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL2
  );

  /* If the log file is not already open, but does exist in the file-system,
  ** it may need to be checkpointed before the connection can switch to
  ** rollback mode. Open it now so this can happen.
  */
  if( !pPager->pWal ){
    int logexists = 0;
................................................................................
    rc = pagerLockDb(pPager, SHARED_LOCK);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = sqlite3OsAccess(
          pPager->pVfs, pPager->zWal, SQLITE_ACCESS_EXISTS, &logexists
      );
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && logexists ){
      rc = pagerOpenWal(pPager, 0);
    }
  }
    
  /* Checkpoint and close the log. Because an EXCLUSIVE lock is held on
  ** the database file, the log and log-summary files will be deleted.
  */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pPager->pWal ){

Changes to src/pager.h.

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81
82
83

















84
85
86
87
88
89
90
...
170
171
172
173
174
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179
180
181
182
183
184
#define PAGER_JOURNALMODE_QUERY     (-1)  /* Query the value of journalmode */
#define PAGER_JOURNALMODE_DELETE      0   /* Commit by deleting journal file */
#define PAGER_JOURNALMODE_PERSIST     1   /* Commit by zeroing journal header */
#define PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF         2   /* Journal omitted.  */
#define PAGER_JOURNALMODE_TRUNCATE    3   /* Commit by truncating journal */
#define PAGER_JOURNALMODE_MEMORY      4   /* In-memory journal file */
#define PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL         5   /* Use write-ahead logging */


















/*
** Flags that make up the mask passed to sqlite3PagerGet().
*/
#define PAGER_GET_NOCONTENT     0x01  /* Do not load data from disk */
#define PAGER_GET_READONLY      0x02  /* Read-only page is acceptable */

................................................................................
int sqlite3PagerSavepoint(Pager *pPager, int op, int iSavepoint);
int sqlite3PagerSharedLock(Pager *pPager);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
  int sqlite3PagerCheckpoint(Pager *pPager, sqlite3*, int, int*, int*);
  int sqlite3PagerWalSupported(Pager *pPager);
  int sqlite3PagerWalCallback(Pager *pPager);
  int sqlite3PagerOpenWal(Pager *pPager, int *pisOpen);
  int sqlite3PagerCloseWal(Pager *pPager, sqlite3*);
# ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT
  int sqlite3PagerSnapshotGet(Pager*, sqlite3_snapshot **ppSnapshot);
  int sqlite3PagerSnapshotOpen(Pager*, sqlite3_snapshot *pSnapshot);
  int sqlite3PagerSnapshotRecover(Pager *pPager);
  int sqlite3PagerSnapshotCheck(Pager *pPager, sqlite3_snapshot *pSnapshot);
  void sqlite3PagerSnapshotUnlock(Pager *pPager);







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77
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81
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83
84
85
86
87
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90
91
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93
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99
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101
102
103
104
105
106
107
...
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
#define PAGER_JOURNALMODE_QUERY     (-1)  /* Query the value of journalmode */
#define PAGER_JOURNALMODE_DELETE      0   /* Commit by deleting journal file */
#define PAGER_JOURNALMODE_PERSIST     1   /* Commit by zeroing journal header */
#define PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF         2   /* Journal omitted.  */
#define PAGER_JOURNALMODE_TRUNCATE    3   /* Commit by truncating journal */
#define PAGER_JOURNALMODE_MEMORY      4   /* In-memory journal file */
#define PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL         5   /* Use write-ahead logging */
#define PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL2        6   /* Use write-ahead logging mode 2 */

#define isWalMode(x) ((x)==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL || (x)==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL2)

/*
** The argument to this macro is a file descriptor (type sqlite3_file*).
** Return 0 if it is not open, or non-zero (but not 1) if it is.
**
** This is so that expressions can be written as:
**
**   if( isOpen(pPager->jfd) ){ ...
**
** instead of
**
**   if( pPager->jfd->pMethods ){ ...
*/
#define isOpen(pFd) ((pFd)->pMethods!=0)

/*
** Flags that make up the mask passed to sqlite3PagerGet().
*/
#define PAGER_GET_NOCONTENT     0x01  /* Do not load data from disk */
#define PAGER_GET_READONLY      0x02  /* Read-only page is acceptable */

................................................................................
int sqlite3PagerSavepoint(Pager *pPager, int op, int iSavepoint);
int sqlite3PagerSharedLock(Pager *pPager);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
  int sqlite3PagerCheckpoint(Pager *pPager, sqlite3*, int, int*, int*);
  int sqlite3PagerWalSupported(Pager *pPager);
  int sqlite3PagerWalCallback(Pager *pPager);
  int sqlite3PagerOpenWal(Pager *pPager, int, int *pisOpen);
  int sqlite3PagerCloseWal(Pager *pPager, sqlite3*);
# ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT
  int sqlite3PagerSnapshotGet(Pager*, sqlite3_snapshot **ppSnapshot);
  int sqlite3PagerSnapshotOpen(Pager*, sqlite3_snapshot *pSnapshot);
  int sqlite3PagerSnapshotRecover(Pager *pPager);
  int sqlite3PagerSnapshotCheck(Pager *pPager, sqlite3_snapshot *pSnapshot);
  void sqlite3PagerSnapshotUnlock(Pager *pPager);

Changes to src/pragma.c.

256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271

272
273
274
275
276
277
278
** defined in pager.h. This function returns the associated lowercase
** journal-mode name.
*/
const char *sqlite3JournalModename(int eMode){
  static char * const azModeName[] = {
    "delete", "persist", "off", "truncate", "memory"
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
     , "wal"
#endif
  };
  assert( PAGER_JOURNALMODE_DELETE==0 );
  assert( PAGER_JOURNALMODE_PERSIST==1 );
  assert( PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF==2 );
  assert( PAGER_JOURNALMODE_TRUNCATE==3 );
  assert( PAGER_JOURNALMODE_MEMORY==4 );
  assert( PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL==5 );

  assert( eMode>=0 && eMode<=ArraySize(azModeName) );

  if( eMode==ArraySize(azModeName) ) return 0;
  return azModeName[eMode];
}

/*







|








>







256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
** defined in pager.h. This function returns the associated lowercase
** journal-mode name.
*/
const char *sqlite3JournalModename(int eMode){
  static char * const azModeName[] = {
    "delete", "persist", "off", "truncate", "memory"
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
     , "wal", "wal2"
#endif
  };
  assert( PAGER_JOURNALMODE_DELETE==0 );
  assert( PAGER_JOURNALMODE_PERSIST==1 );
  assert( PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF==2 );
  assert( PAGER_JOURNALMODE_TRUNCATE==3 );
  assert( PAGER_JOURNALMODE_MEMORY==4 );
  assert( PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL==5 );
  assert( PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL2==6 );
  assert( eMode>=0 && eMode<=ArraySize(azModeName) );

  if( eMode==ArraySize(azModeName) ) return 0;
  return azModeName[eMode];
}

/*

Changes to src/test_hexio.c.

186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
...
203
204
205
206
207
208
209

210
211







212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227



228

229
230
231
232
233
234
235
  sqlite3_free(aOut);
  fclose(out);
  Tcl_SetObjResult(interp, Tcl_NewIntObj(written));
  return TCL_OK;
}

/*
** USAGE:   hexio_get_int   HEXDATA
**
** Interpret the HEXDATA argument as a big-endian integer.  Return
** the value of that integer.  HEXDATA can contain between 2 and 8
** hexadecimal digits.
*/
static int SQLITE_TCLAPI hexio_get_int(
  void * clientData,
................................................................................
  Tcl_Obj *CONST objv[]
){
  int val;
  int nIn, nOut;
  const unsigned char *zIn;
  unsigned char *aOut;
  unsigned char aNum[4];


  if( objc!=2 ){







    Tcl_WrongNumArgs(interp, 1, objv, "HEXDATA");
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  zIn = (const unsigned char *)Tcl_GetStringFromObj(objv[1], &nIn);
  aOut = sqlite3_malloc( nIn/2 );
  if( aOut==0 ){
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  nOut = sqlite3TestHexToBin(zIn, nIn, aOut);
  if( nOut>=4 ){
    memcpy(aNum, aOut, 4);
  }else{
    memset(aNum, 0, sizeof(aNum));
    memcpy(&aNum[4-nOut], aOut, nOut);
  }
  sqlite3_free(aOut);



  val = (aNum[0]<<24) | (aNum[1]<<16) | (aNum[2]<<8) | aNum[3];

  Tcl_SetObjResult(interp, Tcl_NewIntObj(val));
  return TCL_OK;
}


/*
** USAGE:   hexio_render_int16   INTEGER







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186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
...
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
  sqlite3_free(aOut);
  fclose(out);
  Tcl_SetObjResult(interp, Tcl_NewIntObj(written));
  return TCL_OK;
}

/*
** USAGE:   hexio_get_int [-littleendian] HEXDATA
**
** Interpret the HEXDATA argument as a big-endian integer.  Return
** the value of that integer.  HEXDATA can contain between 2 and 8
** hexadecimal digits.
*/
static int SQLITE_TCLAPI hexio_get_int(
  void * clientData,
................................................................................
  Tcl_Obj *CONST objv[]
){
  int val;
  int nIn, nOut;
  const unsigned char *zIn;
  unsigned char *aOut;
  unsigned char aNum[4];
  int bLittle = 0;

  if( objc==3 ){
    int n;
    char *z = Tcl_GetStringFromObj(objv[1], &n);
    if( n>=2 && n<=13 && memcmp(z, "-littleendian", n)==0 ){
      bLittle = 1;
    }
  }
  if( (objc-bLittle)!=2 ){
    Tcl_WrongNumArgs(interp, 1, objv, "[-littleendian] HEXDATA");
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  zIn = (const unsigned char *)Tcl_GetStringFromObj(objv[1+bLittle], &nIn);
  aOut = sqlite3_malloc( nIn/2 );
  if( aOut==0 ){
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  nOut = sqlite3TestHexToBin(zIn, nIn, aOut);
  if( nOut>=4 ){
    memcpy(aNum, aOut, 4);
  }else{
    memset(aNum, 0, sizeof(aNum));
    memcpy(&aNum[4-nOut], aOut, nOut);
  }
  sqlite3_free(aOut);
  if( bLittle ){
    val = (aNum[3]<<24) | (aNum[2]<<16) | (aNum[1]<<8) | aNum[0];
  }else{
    val = (aNum[0]<<24) | (aNum[1]<<16) | (aNum[2]<<8) | aNum[3];
  }
  Tcl_SetObjResult(interp, Tcl_NewIntObj(val));
  return TCL_OK;
}


/*
** USAGE:   hexio_render_int16   INTEGER

Changes to src/test_tclsh.c.

94
95
96
97
98
99
100

101
102
103
104
105
106
107
...
162
163
164
165
166
167
168


169
170
171
172
173
174
175
#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_SESSION) && defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_PREUPDATE_HOOK)
  extern int TestSession_Init(Tcl_Interp*);
#endif
  extern int Md5_Init(Tcl_Interp*);
  extern int Fts5tcl_Init(Tcl_Interp *);
  extern int SqliteRbu_Init(Tcl_Interp*);
  extern int Sqlitetesttcl_Init(Tcl_Interp*);

#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS4)
  extern int Sqlitetestfts3_Init(Tcl_Interp *interp);
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_ZIPVFS
  extern int Zipvfs_Init(Tcl_Interp*);
#endif
  extern int TestExpert_Init(Tcl_Interp*);
................................................................................
  SqlitetestSyscall_Init(interp);
#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_SESSION) && defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_PREUPDATE_HOOK)
  TestSession_Init(interp);
#endif
  Fts5tcl_Init(interp);
  SqliteRbu_Init(interp);
  Sqlitetesttcl_Init(interp);



#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS4)
  Sqlitetestfts3_Init(interp);
#endif
  TestExpert_Init(interp);
  Sqlitetest_window_Init(interp);
  Sqlitetestvdbecov_Init(interp);







>







 







>
>







94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
...
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_SESSION) && defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_PREUPDATE_HOOK)
  extern int TestSession_Init(Tcl_Interp*);
#endif
  extern int Md5_Init(Tcl_Interp*);
  extern int Fts5tcl_Init(Tcl_Interp *);
  extern int SqliteRbu_Init(Tcl_Interp*);
  extern int Sqlitetesttcl_Init(Tcl_Interp*);
  extern int Bgckpt_Init(Tcl_Interp*);
#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS4)
  extern int Sqlitetestfts3_Init(Tcl_Interp *interp);
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_ZIPVFS
  extern int Zipvfs_Init(Tcl_Interp*);
#endif
  extern int TestExpert_Init(Tcl_Interp*);
................................................................................
  SqlitetestSyscall_Init(interp);
#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_SESSION) && defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_PREUPDATE_HOOK)
  TestSession_Init(interp);
#endif
  Fts5tcl_Init(interp);
  SqliteRbu_Init(interp);
  Sqlitetesttcl_Init(interp);
  Bgckpt_Init(interp);


#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS4)
  Sqlitetestfts3_Init(interp);
#endif
  TestExpert_Init(interp);
  Sqlitetest_window_Init(interp);
  Sqlitetestvdbecov_Init(interp);

Changes to src/vdbe.c.

6956
6957
6958
6959
6960
6961
6962

6963
6964
6965
6966
6967
6968
6969
....
6973
6974
6975
6976
6977
6978
6979
6980
6981
6982
6983
6984
6985
6986
6987
6988






6989




6990
6991
6992
6993
6994
6995
6996
6997
6998

6999
7000
7001
7002
7003
7004
7005
7006
7007
7008
7009
7010
7011
7012
7013
7014
7015
7016
7017
7018
7019

7020
7021


7022
7023
7024
7025
7026
7027
7028
  eNew = pOp->p3;
  assert( eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_DELETE 
       || eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_TRUNCATE 
       || eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_PERSIST 
       || eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF
       || eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_MEMORY
       || eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL

       || eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_QUERY
  );
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<db->nDb );
  assert( p->readOnly==0 );

  pBt = db->aDb[pOp->p1].pBt;
  pPager = sqlite3BtreePager(pBt);
................................................................................

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
  zFilename = sqlite3PagerFilename(pPager, 1);

  /* Do not allow a transition to journal_mode=WAL for a database
  ** in temporary storage or if the VFS does not support shared memory 
  */
  if( eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL
   && (sqlite3Strlen30(zFilename)==0           /* Temp file */
       || !sqlite3PagerWalSupported(pPager))   /* No shared-memory support */
  ){
    eNew = eOld;
  }

  if( (eNew!=eOld)
   && (eOld==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL || eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL)






  ){




    if( !db->autoCommit || db->nVdbeRead>1 ){
      rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
      sqlite3VdbeError(p,
          "cannot change %s wal mode from within a transaction",
          (eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL ? "into" : "out of")
      );
      goto abort_due_to_error;
    }else{
 

      if( eOld==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL ){
        /* If leaving WAL mode, close the log file. If successful, the call
        ** to PagerCloseWal() checkpoints and deletes the write-ahead-log 
        ** file. An EXCLUSIVE lock may still be held on the database file 
        ** after a successful return. 
        */
        rc = sqlite3PagerCloseWal(pPager, db);
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          sqlite3PagerSetJournalMode(pPager, eNew);
        }
      }else if( eOld==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_MEMORY ){
        /* Cannot transition directly from MEMORY to WAL.  Use mode OFF
        ** as an intermediate */
        sqlite3PagerSetJournalMode(pPager, PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF);
      }
  
      /* Open a transaction on the database file. Regardless of the journal
      ** mode, this transaction always uses a rollback journal.
      */
      assert( sqlite3BtreeIsInTrans(pBt)==0 );
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){

        rc = sqlite3BtreeSetVersion(pBt, (eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL ? 2 : 1));
      }


    }
  }
#endif /* ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL */

  if( rc ) eNew = eOld;
  eNew = sqlite3PagerSetJournalMode(pPager, eNew);








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6956
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  eNew = pOp->p3;
  assert( eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_DELETE 
       || eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_TRUNCATE 
       || eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_PERSIST 
       || eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF
       || eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_MEMORY
       || eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL
       || eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL2
       || eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_QUERY
  );
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<db->nDb );
  assert( p->readOnly==0 );

  pBt = db->aDb[pOp->p1].pBt;
  pPager = sqlite3BtreePager(pBt);
................................................................................

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
  zFilename = sqlite3PagerFilename(pPager, 1);

  /* Do not allow a transition to journal_mode=WAL for a database
  ** in temporary storage or if the VFS does not support shared memory 
  */
  if( isWalMode(eNew)
   && (sqlite3Strlen30(zFilename)==0           /* Temp file */
       || !sqlite3PagerWalSupported(pPager))   /* No shared-memory support */
  ){
    eNew = eOld;
  }

  if( eNew!=eOld && (isWalMode(eNew) || isWalMode(eOld)) ){


    /* Prevent changing directly to wal2 from wal mode. And vice versa. */
    if( isWalMode(eNew) && isWalMode(eOld) ){
      rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
      sqlite3VdbeError(p, "cannot change from %s to %s mode",
          sqlite3JournalModename(eOld), sqlite3JournalModename(eNew)
      );
      goto abort_due_to_error;
    }

    /* Prevent switching into or out of wal/wal2 mode mid-transaction */
    if( !db->autoCommit || db->nVdbeRead>1 ){
      rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
      sqlite3VdbeError(p,
          "cannot change %s wal mode from within a transaction",
          (eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL ? "into" : "out of")
      );
      goto abort_due_to_error;

    }
 
    if( isWalMode(eOld) ){
      /* If leaving WAL mode, close the log file. If successful, the call
      ** to PagerCloseWal() checkpoints and deletes the write-ahead-log 
      ** file. An EXCLUSIVE lock may still be held on the database file 
      ** after a successful return. 
      */
      rc = sqlite3PagerCloseWal(pPager, db);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        sqlite3PagerSetJournalMode(pPager, eNew);
      }
    }else if( eOld==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_MEMORY ){
      /* Cannot transition directly from MEMORY to WAL.  Use mode OFF
      ** as an intermediate */
      sqlite3PagerSetJournalMode(pPager, PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF);
    }

    /* Open a transaction on the database file. Regardless of the journal
    ** mode, this transaction always uses a rollback journal.
    */
    assert( sqlite3BtreeIsInTrans(pBt)==0 );
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      /* 1==rollback, 2==wal, 3==wal2 */
      rc = sqlite3BtreeSetVersion(pBt, 

          1 + isWalMode(eNew) + (eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL2)
      );
    }
  }
#endif /* ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL */

  if( rc ) eNew = eOld;
  eNew = sqlite3PagerSetJournalMode(pPager, eNew);

Changes to src/wal.c.

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....
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3659

3660
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....
3750
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3757
3758


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3767








3768
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....
3830
3831
3832
3833
3834
3835
3836

3837
3838
3839
3840
3841
3842
3843
3844
3845
3846
3847
3848
3849
3850
3851
3852

3853
3854
3855
3856
3857
3858
3859
....
3883
3884
3885
3886
3887
3888
3889



3890
3891
3892
3893
3894
3895
3896
3897
3898
3899
3900
....
3940
3941
3942
3943
3944
3945
3946




3947
3948
3949
3950
3951
3952
3953
....
3980
3981
3982
3983
3984
3985
3986
3987








3988
3989
3990
** being considered valid at the same time and being checkpointing together
** following a crash.
**
** READER ALGORITHM
**
** To read a page from the database (call it page number P), a reader
** first checks the WAL to see if it contains page P.  If so, then the
** last valid instance of page P that is a followed by a commit frame
** or is a commit frame itself becomes the value read.  If the WAL
** contains no copies of page P that are valid and which are a commit
** frame or are followed by a commit frame, then page P is read from
** the database file.
**
** To start a read transaction, the reader records the index of the last
** valid frame in the WAL.  The reader uses this recorded "mxFrame" value
................................................................................
**
** Note that entries are added in order of increasing K.  Hence, one
** reader might be using some value K0 and a second reader that started
** at a later time (after additional transactions were added to the WAL
** and to the wal-index) might be using a different value K1, where K1>K0.
** Both readers can use the same hash table and mapping section to get
** the correct result.  There may be entries in the hash table with
** K>K0 but to the first reader, those entries will appear to be unused
** slots in the hash table and so the first reader will get an answer as
** if no values greater than K0 had ever been inserted into the hash table
** in the first place - which is what reader one wants.  Meanwhile, the
** second reader using K1 will see additional values that were inserted
** later, which is exactly what reader two wants.  
**
** When a rollback occurs, the value of K is decreased. Hash table entries
** that correspond to frames greater than the new K value are removed
** from the hash table at this point.
*/
























































































































































































#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL

#include "wal.h"

/*
** Trace output macros
*/
................................................................................
int sqlite3WalTrace = 0;
# define WALTRACE(X)  if(sqlite3WalTrace) sqlite3DebugPrintf X
#else
# define WALTRACE(X)
#endif

/*
** The maximum (and only) versions of the wal and wal-index formats
** that may be interpreted by this version of SQLite.
**
** If a client begins recovering a WAL file and finds that (a) the checksum
** values in the wal-header are correct and (b) the version field is not
** WAL_MAX_VERSION, recovery fails and SQLite returns SQLITE_CANTOPEN.
**
** Similarly, if a client successfully reads a wal-index header (i.e. the 
** checksum test is successful) and finds that the version field is not
** WALINDEX_MAX_VERSION, then no read-transaction is opened and SQLite
** returns SQLITE_CANTOPEN.
*/

#define WAL_MAX_VERSION      3007000
#define WALINDEX_MAX_VERSION 3007000

/*
** Index numbers for various locking bytes.   WAL_NREADER is the number
** of available reader locks and should be at least 3.  The default
** is SQLITE_SHM_NLOCK==8 and  WAL_NREADER==5.
**
** Technically, the various VFSes are free to implement these locks however
................................................................................
#define WAL_WRITE_LOCK         0
#define WAL_ALL_BUT_WRITE      1
#define WAL_CKPT_LOCK          1
#define WAL_RECOVER_LOCK       2
#define WAL_READ_LOCK(I)       (3+(I))
#define WAL_NREADER            (SQLITE_SHM_NLOCK-3)



































/* Object declarations */
typedef struct WalIndexHdr WalIndexHdr;
typedef struct WalIterator WalIterator;
typedef struct WalCkptInfo WalCkptInfo;


................................................................................
** For all versions of SQLite through 3.10.0 and probably beyond,
** the locking bytes (WalCkptInfo.aLock) start at offset 120 and
** the total header size is 136 bytes.
**
** The szPage value can be any power of 2 between 512 and 32768, inclusive.
** Or it can be 1 to represent a 65536-byte page.  The latter case was
** added in 3.7.1 when support for 64K pages was added.  






*/
struct WalIndexHdr {
  u32 iVersion;                   /* Wal-index version */
  u32 unused;                     /* Unused (padding) field */
  u32 iChange;                    /* Counter incremented each transaction */
  u8 isInit;                      /* 1 when initialized */
  u8 bigEndCksum;                 /* True if checksums in WAL are big-endian */
  u16 szPage;                     /* Database page size in bytes. 1==64K */
  u32 mxFrame;                    /* Index of last valid frame in the WAL */
  u32 nPage;                      /* Size of database in pages */
  u32 aFrameCksum[2];             /* Checksum of last frame in log */
  u32 aSalt[2];                   /* Two salt values copied from WAL header */
  u32 aCksum[2];                  /* Checksum over all prior fields */
};






































/*
** A copy of the following object occurs in the wal-index immediately
** following the second copy of the WalIndexHdr.  This object stores
** information used by checkpoint.
**
** nBackfill is the number of frames in the WAL that have been written
** back into the database. (We call the act of moving content from WAL to
................................................................................
/*
** An open write-ahead log file is represented by an instance of the
** following object.
*/
struct Wal {
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs;         /* The VFS used to create pDbFd */
  sqlite3_file *pDbFd;       /* File handle for the database file */
  sqlite3_file *pWalFd;      /* File handle for WAL file */
  u32 iCallback;             /* Value to pass to log callback (or 0) */
  i64 mxWalSize;             /* Truncate WAL to this size upon reset */
  int nWiData;               /* Size of array apWiData */
  int szFirstBlock;          /* Size of first block written to WAL file */
  volatile u32 **apWiData;   /* Pointer to wal-index content in memory */
  u32 szPage;                /* Database page size */
  i16 readLock;              /* Which read lock is being held.  -1 for none */
................................................................................
  u8 syncHeader;             /* Fsync the WAL header if true */
  u8 padToSectorBoundary;    /* Pad transactions out to the next sector */
  u8 bShmUnreliable;         /* SHM content is read-only and unreliable */
  WalIndexHdr hdr;           /* Wal-index header for current transaction */
  u32 minFrame;              /* Ignore wal frames before this one */
  u32 iReCksum;              /* On commit, recalculate checksums from here */
  const char *zWalName;      /* Name of WAL file */

  u32 nCkpt;                 /* Checkpoint sequence counter in the wal-header */
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  u8 lockError;              /* True if a locking error has occurred */
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT
  WalIndexHdr *pSnapshot;    /* Start transaction here if not NULL */
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SETLK_TIMEOUT
  sqlite3 *db;
#endif
};

/*
** Candidate values for Wal.exclusiveMode.
................................................................................
*/
static SQLITE_NO_TSAN void walIndexWriteHdr(Wal *pWal){
  volatile WalIndexHdr *aHdr = walIndexHdr(pWal);
  const int nCksum = offsetof(WalIndexHdr, aCksum);

  assert( pWal->writeLock );
  pWal->hdr.isInit = 1;
  pWal->hdr.iVersion = WALINDEX_MAX_VERSION;
  walChecksumBytes(1, (u8*)&pWal->hdr, nCksum, 0, pWal->hdr.aCksum);
  /* Possible TSAN false-positive.  See tag-20200519-1 */
  memcpy((void*)&aHdr[1], (const void*)&pWal->hdr, sizeof(WalIndexHdr));
  walShmBarrier(pWal);
  memcpy((void*)&aHdr[0], (const void*)&pWal->hdr, sizeof(WalIndexHdr));
}

................................................................................
  */
  pgno = sqlite3Get4byte(&aFrame[0]);
  if( pgno==0 ){
    return 0;
  }

  /* A frame is only valid if a checksum of the WAL header,
  ** all prior frams, the first 16 bytes of this frame-header, 
  ** and the frame-data matches the checksum in the last 8 
  ** bytes of this frame-header.
  */
  nativeCksum = (pWal->hdr.bigEndCksum==SQLITE_BIGENDIAN);
  walChecksumBytes(nativeCksum, aFrame, 8, aCksum, aCksum);
  walChecksumBytes(nativeCksum, aData, pWal->szPage, aCksum, aCksum);
  if( aCksum[0]!=sqlite3Get4byte(&aFrame[16]) 
................................................................................
    }else{
      pLoc->iZero = HASHTABLE_NPAGE_ONE + (iHash-1)*HASHTABLE_NPAGE;
    }
    pLoc->aPgno = &pLoc->aPgno[-1];
  }
  return rc;
}

































/*
** Return the number of the wal-index page that contains the hash-table
** and page-number array that contain entries corresponding to WAL frame
** iFrame. The wal-index is broken up into 32KB pages. Wal-index pages 
** are numbered starting from 0.
*/
................................................................................
       && (iHash>=1 || iFrame<=HASHTABLE_NPAGE_ONE)
       && (iHash<=1 || iFrame>(HASHTABLE_NPAGE_ONE+HASHTABLE_NPAGE))
       && (iHash>=2 || iFrame<=HASHTABLE_NPAGE_ONE+HASHTABLE_NPAGE)
       && (iHash<=2 || iFrame>(HASHTABLE_NPAGE_ONE+2*HASHTABLE_NPAGE))
  );
  return iHash;
}

















/*
** Return the page number associated with frame iFrame in this WAL.
*/
static u32 walFramePgno(Wal *pWal, u32 iFrame){
  int iHash = walFramePage(iFrame);
  if( iHash==0 ){
    return pWal->apWiData[0][WALINDEX_HDR_SIZE/sizeof(u32) + iFrame - 1];
  }
  return pWal->apWiData[iHash][(iFrame-1-HASHTABLE_NPAGE_ONE)%HASHTABLE_NPAGE];
}





/*
** Remove entries from the hash table that point to WAL slots greater
** than pWal->hdr.mxFrame.
**
** This function is called whenever pWal->hdr.mxFrame is decreased due
** to a rollback or savepoint.
................................................................................
*/
static void walCleanupHash(Wal *pWal){
  WalHashLoc sLoc;                /* Hash table location */
  int iLimit = 0;                 /* Zero values greater than this */
  int nByte;                      /* Number of bytes to zero in aPgno[] */
  int i;                          /* Used to iterate through aHash[] */
  int rc;                         /* Return code form walHashGet() */











  assert( pWal->writeLock );
  testcase( pWal->hdr.mxFrame==HASHTABLE_NPAGE_ONE-1 );
  testcase( pWal->hdr.mxFrame==HASHTABLE_NPAGE_ONE );
  testcase( pWal->hdr.mxFrame==HASHTABLE_NPAGE_ONE+1 );

  if( pWal->hdr.mxFrame==0 ) return;

  /* Obtain pointers to the hash-table and page-number array containing 
  ** the entry that corresponds to frame pWal->hdr.mxFrame. It is guaranteed
  ** that the page said hash-table and array reside on is already mapped.(1)
  */
  assert( pWal->nWiData>walFramePage(pWal->hdr.mxFrame) );
  assert( pWal->apWiData[walFramePage(pWal->hdr.mxFrame)] );
  rc = walHashGet(pWal, walFramePage(pWal->hdr.mxFrame), &sLoc);
  if( NEVER(rc) ) return; /* Defense-in-depth, in case (1) above is wrong */

  /* Zero all hash-table entries that correspond to frame numbers greater
  ** than pWal->hdr.mxFrame.
  */
  iLimit = pWal->hdr.mxFrame - sLoc.iZero;
  assert( iLimit>0 );
  for(i=0; i<HASHTABLE_NSLOT; i++){
    if( sLoc.aHash[i]>iLimit ){
      sLoc.aHash[i] = 0;
    }
  }
  
  /* Zero the entries in the aPgno array that correspond to frames with
  ** frame numbers greater than pWal->hdr.mxFrame. 
  */
  nByte = (int)((char *)sLoc.aHash - (char *)&sLoc.aPgno[iLimit+1]);
  memset((void *)&sLoc.aPgno[iLimit+1], 0, nByte);

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_EXPENSIVE_ASSERT
  /* Verify that the every entry in the mapping region is still reachable
  ** via the hash table even after the cleanup.
  */
................................................................................
      }
      assert( sLoc.aHash[iKey]==j );
    }
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_EXPENSIVE_ASSERT */
}


/*
** Set an entry in the wal-index that will map database page number
** pPage into WAL frame iFrame.
*/
static int walIndexAppend(Wal *pWal, u32 iFrame, u32 iPage){
  int rc;                         /* Return code */
  WalHashLoc sLoc;                /* Wal-index hash table location */









  rc = walHashGet(pWal, walFramePage(iFrame), &sLoc);

  /* Assuming the wal-index file was successfully mapped, populate the
  ** page number array and hash table entry.
  */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    int iKey;                     /* Hash table key */
    int idx;                      /* Value to write to hash-table slot */
    int nCollide;                 /* Number of hash collisions */

    idx = iFrame - sLoc.iZero;
    assert( idx <= HASHTABLE_NSLOT/2 + 1 );
    
    /* If this is the first entry to be added to this hash-table, zero the
    ** entire hash table and aPgno[] array before proceeding. 
    */
    if( idx==1 ){
      int nByte = (int)((u8 *)&sLoc.aHash[HASHTABLE_NSLOT]
................................................................................
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_EXPENSIVE_ASSERT */
  }


  return rc;
}
















































































































































/*
** Recover the wal-index by reading the write-ahead log file. 
**
** This routine first tries to establish an exclusive lock on the
** wal-index to prevent other threads/processes from doing anything
** with the WAL or wal-index while recovery is running.  The
** WAL_RECOVER_LOCK is also held so that other threads will know
** that this thread is running recovery.  If unable to establish
** the necessary locks, this routine returns SQLITE_BUSY.
*/
static int walIndexRecover(Wal *pWal){
  int rc;                         /* Return Code */
  i64 nSize;                      /* Size of log file */
  u32 aFrameCksum[2] = {0, 0};
  int iLock;                      /* Lock offset to lock for checkpoint */





  /* Obtain an exclusive lock on all byte in the locking range not already
  ** locked by the caller. The caller is guaranteed to have locked the
  ** WAL_WRITE_LOCK byte, and may have also locked the WAL_CKPT_LOCK byte.
  ** If successful, the same bytes that are locked here are unlocked before
  ** this function returns.
  */
................................................................................
  }
  if( rc ){
    return rc;
  }

  WALTRACE(("WAL%p: recovery begin...\n", pWal));

  memset(&pWal->hdr, 0, sizeof(WalIndexHdr));
























  rc = sqlite3OsFileSize(pWal->pWalFd, &nSize);








  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    goto recovery_error;


  }

  if( nSize>WAL_HDRSIZE ){
    u8 aBuf[WAL_HDRSIZE];         /* Buffer to load WAL header into */
    u8 *aFrame = 0;               /* Malloc'd buffer to load entire frame */
    int szFrame;                  /* Number of bytes in buffer aFrame[] */
    u8 *aData;                    /* Pointer to data part of aFrame buffer */
    int iFrame;                   /* Index of last frame read */
    i64 iOffset;                  /* Next offset to read from log file */
    int szPage;                   /* Page size according to the log */
    u32 magic;                    /* Magic value read from WAL header */
    u32 version;                  /* Magic value read from WAL header */
    int isValid;                  /* True if this frame is valid */

    /* Read in the WAL header. */
    rc = sqlite3OsRead(pWal->pWalFd, aBuf, WAL_HDRSIZE, 0);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      goto recovery_error;
    }



    /* If the database page size is not a power of two, or is greater than
    ** SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE, conclude that the WAL file contains no valid 
    ** data. Similarly, if the 'magic' value is invalid, ignore the whole
    ** WAL file.
    */
    magic = sqlite3Get4byte(&aBuf[0]);
    szPage = sqlite3Get4byte(&aBuf[8]);
    if( (magic&0xFFFFFFFE)!=WAL_MAGIC 
     || szPage&(szPage-1) 
     || szPage>SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE 
     || szPage<512 





    ){
      goto finished;





    }
    pWal->hdr.bigEndCksum = (u8)(magic&0x00000001);
    pWal->szPage = szPage;
    pWal->nCkpt = sqlite3Get4byte(&aBuf[12]);
    memcpy(&pWal->hdr.aSalt, &aBuf[16], 8);


    /* Verify that the WAL header checksum is correct */
    walChecksumBytes(pWal->hdr.bigEndCksum==SQLITE_BIGENDIAN, 
        aBuf, WAL_HDRSIZE-2*4, 0, pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum
    );


    if( pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[0]!=sqlite3Get4byte(&aBuf[24])
     || pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[1]!=sqlite3Get4byte(&aBuf[28])
    ){
      goto finished;
    }

    /* Verify that the version number on the WAL format is one that
    ** are able to understand */
    version = sqlite3Get4byte(&aBuf[4]);
    if( version!=WAL_MAX_VERSION ){
      rc = SQLITE_CANTOPEN_BKPT;
      goto finished;
    }

    /* Malloc a buffer to read frames into. */
    szFrame = szPage + WAL_FRAME_HDRSIZE;
    aFrame = (u8 *)sqlite3_malloc64(szFrame);
    if( !aFrame ){
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
      goto recovery_error;
    }
    aData = &aFrame[WAL_FRAME_HDRSIZE];

    /* Read all frames from the log file. */
    iFrame = 0;
    for(iOffset=WAL_HDRSIZE; (iOffset+szFrame)<=nSize; iOffset+=szFrame){
      u32 pgno;                   /* Database page number for frame */
      u32 nTruncate;              /* dbsize field from frame header */

      /* Read and decode the next log frame. */
      iFrame++;
      rc = sqlite3OsRead(pWal->pWalFd, aFrame, szFrame, iOffset);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) break;
      isValid = walDecodeFrame(pWal, &pgno, &nTruncate, aData, aFrame);
      if( !isValid ) break;
      rc = walIndexAppend(pWal, iFrame, pgno);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) break;

      /* If nTruncate is non-zero, this is a commit record. */
      if( nTruncate ){
        pWal->hdr.mxFrame = iFrame;
        pWal->hdr.nPage = nTruncate;
        pWal->hdr.szPage = (u16)((szPage&0xff00) | (szPage>>16));
        testcase( szPage<=32768 );
        testcase( szPage>=65536 );
        aFrameCksum[0] = pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[0];
        aFrameCksum[1] = pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[1];

      }



    }

    sqlite3_free(aFrame);
  }

finished:
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    volatile WalCkptInfo *pInfo;
    int i;
    pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[0] = aFrameCksum[0];
    pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[1] = aFrameCksum[1];
    walIndexWriteHdr(pWal);

    /* Reset the checkpoint-header. This is safe because this thread is 
    ** currently holding locks that exclude all other readers, writers and
    ** checkpointers.
    */
    pInfo = walCkptInfo(pWal);
    pInfo->nBackfill = 0;



    pInfo->nBackfillAttempted = pWal->hdr.mxFrame;
    pInfo->aReadMark[0] = 0;
    for(i=1; i<WAL_NREADER; i++) pInfo->aReadMark[i] = READMARK_NOT_USED;
    if( pWal->hdr.mxFrame ) pInfo->aReadMark[1] = pWal->hdr.mxFrame;


    /* If more than one frame was recovered from the log file, report an
    ** event via sqlite3_log(). This is to help with identifying performance
    ** problems caused by applications routinely shutting down without
    ** checkpointing the log file.
    */
    if( pWal->hdr.nPage ){

      sqlite3_log(SQLITE_NOTICE_RECOVER_WAL,






          "recovered %d frames from WAL file %s",
          pWal->hdr.mxFrame, pWal->zWalName
      );

    }
  }

recovery_error:
  WALTRACE(("WAL%p: recovery %s\n", pWal, rc ? "failed" : "ok"));
  walUnlockExclusive(pWal, iLock, WAL_READ_LOCK(0)-iLock);
  walUnlockExclusive(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(1), WAL_NREADER-1);
  return rc;
}

/*
** Close an open wal-index.
*/
static void walIndexClose(Wal *pWal, int isDelete){
  if( pWal->exclusiveMode==WAL_HEAPMEMORY_MODE || pWal->bShmUnreliable ){
    int i;
    for(i=0; i<pWal->nWiData; i++){
      sqlite3_free((void *)pWal->apWiData[i]);
      pWal->apWiData[i] = 0;
    }
  }
  if( pWal->exclusiveMode!=WAL_HEAPMEMORY_MODE ){
    sqlite3OsShmUnmap(pWal->pDbFd, isDelete);
  }


}

/* 
** Open a connection to the WAL file zWalName. The database file must 
** already be opened on connection pDbFd. The buffer that zWalName points
** to must remain valid for the lifetime of the returned Wal* handle.
**
................................................................................
*/
int sqlite3WalOpen(
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs,              /* vfs module to open wal and wal-index */
  sqlite3_file *pDbFd,            /* The open database file */
  const char *zWalName,           /* Name of the WAL file */
  int bNoShm,                     /* True to run in heap-memory mode */
  i64 mxWalSize,                  /* Truncate WAL to this size on reset */

  Wal **ppWal                     /* OUT: Allocated Wal handle */
){
  int rc;                         /* Return Code */
  Wal *pRet;                      /* Object to allocate and return */
  int flags;                      /* Flags passed to OsOpen() */



  assert( zWalName && zWalName[0] );
  assert( pDbFd );

  /* In the amalgamation, the os_unix.c and os_win.c source files come before
  ** this source file.  Verify that the #defines of the locking byte offsets
  ** in os_unix.c and os_win.c agree with the WALINDEX_LOCK_OFFSET value.
................................................................................
#ifdef WIN_SHM_BASE
  assert( WIN_SHM_BASE==WALINDEX_LOCK_OFFSET );
#endif
#ifdef UNIX_SHM_BASE
  assert( UNIX_SHM_BASE==WALINDEX_LOCK_OFFSET );
#endif




  /* Allocate an instance of struct Wal to return. */
  *ppWal = 0;
  pRet = (Wal*)sqlite3MallocZero(sizeof(Wal) + pVfs->szOsFile);
  if( !pRet ){
    return SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
  }

  pRet->pVfs = pVfs;
  pRet->pWalFd = (sqlite3_file *)&pRet[1];

  pRet->pDbFd = pDbFd;
  pRet->readLock = -1;
  pRet->mxWalSize = mxWalSize;
  pRet->zWalName = zWalName;
  pRet->syncHeader = 1;
  pRet->padToSectorBoundary = 1;
  pRet->exclusiveMode = (bNoShm ? WAL_HEAPMEMORY_MODE: WAL_NORMAL_MODE);







  /* Open file handle on the write-ahead log file. */
  flags = (SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE|SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE|SQLITE_OPEN_WAL);
  rc = sqlite3OsOpen(pVfs, zWalName, pRet->pWalFd, flags, &flags);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && flags&SQLITE_OPEN_READONLY ){
    pRet->readOnly = WAL_RDONLY;
  }

  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    walIndexClose(pRet, 0);
    sqlite3OsClose(pRet->pWalFd);
    sqlite3_free(pRet);
  }else{
    int iDC = sqlite3OsDeviceCharacteristics(pDbFd);
    if( iDC & SQLITE_IOCAP_SEQUENTIAL ){ pRet->syncHeader = 0; }
    if( iDC & SQLITE_IOCAP_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE ){
      pRet->padToSectorBoundary = 0;
    }
................................................................................
*/
static void walIteratorFree(WalIterator *p){
  sqlite3_free(p);
}

/*
** Construct a WalInterator object that can be used to loop over all 
** pages in the WAL following frame nBackfill in ascending order. Frames
** nBackfill or earlier may be included - excluding them is an optimization
** only. The caller must hold the checkpoint lock.
**
** On success, make *pp point to the newly allocated WalInterator object
** return SQLITE_OK. Otherwise, return an error code. If this routine
** returns an error, the value of *pp is undefined.
**
** The calling routine should invoke walIteratorFree() to destroy the
** WalIterator object when it has finished with it.
*/
static int walIteratorInit(Wal *pWal, u32 nBackfill, WalIterator **pp){





  WalIterator *p;                 /* Return value */
  int nSegment;                   /* Number of segments to merge */
  u32 iLast;                      /* Last frame in log */
  sqlite3_int64 nByte;            /* Number of bytes to allocate */
  int i;                          /* Iterator variable */

  ht_slot *aTmp;                  /* Temp space used by merge-sort */
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;             /* Return Code */





  /* This routine only runs while holding the checkpoint lock. And
  ** it only runs if there is actually content in the log (mxFrame>0).
  */

  assert( pWal->ckptLock && pWal->hdr.mxFrame>0 );
  iLast = pWal->hdr.mxFrame;








  /* Allocate space for the WalIterator object. */
  nSegment = walFramePage(iLast) + 1;
  nByte = sizeof(WalIterator) 
        + (nSegment-1)*sizeof(struct WalSegment)
        + iLast*sizeof(ht_slot);
  p = (WalIterator *)sqlite3_malloc64(nByte);
  if( !p ){
    return SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
  }
................................................................................
  aTmp = (ht_slot *)sqlite3_malloc64(
      sizeof(ht_slot) * (iLast>HASHTABLE_NPAGE?HASHTABLE_NPAGE:iLast)
  );
  if( !aTmp ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
  }

  for(i=walFramePage(nBackfill+1); rc==SQLITE_OK && i<nSegment; i++){

    WalHashLoc sLoc;

    rc = walHashGet(pWal, i, &sLoc);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      int j;                      /* Counter variable */
      int nEntry;                 /* Number of entries in this segment */
      ht_slot *aIndex;            /* Sorted index for this segment */










      sLoc.aPgno++;
      if( (i+1)==nSegment ){

        nEntry = (int)(iLast - sLoc.iZero);
      }else{
        nEntry = (int)((u32*)sLoc.aHash - (u32*)sLoc.aPgno);
      }
      aIndex = &((ht_slot *)&p->aSegment[p->nSegment])[sLoc.iZero];
      sLoc.iZero++;
  
      for(j=0; j<nEntry; j++){
        aIndex[j] = (ht_slot)j;
      }
      walMergesort((u32 *)sLoc.aPgno, aTmp, aIndex, &nEntry);
      p->aSegment[i].iZero = sLoc.iZero;
      p->aSegment[i].nEntry = nEntry;
      p->aSegment[i].aIndex = aIndex;
      p->aSegment[i].aPgno = (u32 *)sLoc.aPgno;
    }
  }
  sqlite3_free(aTmp);

  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    walIteratorFree(p);
    p = 0;
................................................................................
** new wal-index header. It should be passed a pseudo-random value (i.e. 
** one obtained from sqlite3_randomness()).
*/
static void walRestartHdr(Wal *pWal, u32 salt1){
  volatile WalCkptInfo *pInfo = walCkptInfo(pWal);
  int i;                          /* Loop counter */
  u32 *aSalt = pWal->hdr.aSalt;   /* Big-endian salt values */

  pWal->nCkpt++;
  pWal->hdr.mxFrame = 0;
  sqlite3Put4byte((u8*)&aSalt[0], 1 + sqlite3Get4byte((u8*)&aSalt[0]));
  memcpy(&pWal->hdr.aSalt[1], &salt1, 4);
  walIndexWriteHdr(pWal);
  AtomicStore(&pInfo->nBackfill, 0);
  pInfo->nBackfillAttempted = 0;
  pInfo->aReadMark[1] = 0;
  for(i=2; i<WAL_NREADER; i++) pInfo->aReadMark[i] = READMARK_NOT_USED;
  assert( pInfo->aReadMark[0]==0 );
}































































/*
** Copy as much content as we can from the WAL back into the database file
** in response to an sqlite3_wal_checkpoint() request or the equivalent.
**
** The amount of information copies from WAL to database might be limited
** by active readers.  This routine will never overwrite a database page
................................................................................
  WalIterator *pIter = 0;         /* Wal iterator context */
  u32 iDbpage = 0;                /* Next database page to write */
  u32 iFrame = 0;                 /* Wal frame containing data for iDbpage */
  u32 mxSafeFrame;                /* Max frame that can be backfilled */
  u32 mxPage;                     /* Max database page to write */
  int i;                          /* Loop counter */
  volatile WalCkptInfo *pInfo;    /* The checkpoint status information */




  szPage = walPagesize(pWal);
  testcase( szPage<=32768 );
  testcase( szPage>=65536 );
  pInfo = walCkptInfo(pWal);

  if( pInfo->nBackfill<pWal->hdr.mxFrame ){












    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-62920-47450 The busy-handler callback is never invoked
    ** in the SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE mode. */
    assert( eMode!=SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE || xBusy==0 );

    /* Compute in mxSafeFrame the index of the last frame of the WAL that is
    ** safe to write into the database.  Frames beyond mxSafeFrame might
    ** overwrite database pages that are in use by active readers and thus
    ** cannot be backfilled from the WAL.
    */

    mxSafeFrame = pWal->hdr.mxFrame;
    mxPage = pWal->hdr.nPage;
    for(i=1; i<WAL_NREADER; i++){
      u32 y = AtomicLoad(pInfo->aReadMark+i);
      if( mxSafeFrame>y ){
        assert( y<=pWal->hdr.mxFrame );
        rc = walBusyLock(pWal, xBusy, pBusyArg, WAL_READ_LOCK(i), 1);
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          u32 iMark = (i==1 ? mxSafeFrame : READMARK_NOT_USED);
          AtomicStore(pInfo->aReadMark+i, iMark);
          walUnlockExclusive(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(i), 1);
        }else if( rc==SQLITE_BUSY ){
          mxSafeFrame = y;
          xBusy = 0;
        }else{
          goto walcheckpoint_out;

        }
      }
    }

    /* Allocate the iterator */
    if( pInfo->nBackfill<mxSafeFrame ){

      rc = walIteratorInit(pWal, pInfo->nBackfill, &pIter);
      assert( rc==SQLITE_OK || pIter==0 );
    }

    if( pIter
     && (rc = walBusyLock(pWal,xBusy,pBusyArg,WAL_READ_LOCK(0),1))==SQLITE_OK
    ){
      u32 nBackfill = pInfo->nBackfill;


      pInfo->nBackfillAttempted = mxSafeFrame;

      /* Sync the WAL to disk */

      rc = sqlite3OsSync(pWal->pWalFd, CKPT_SYNC_FLAGS(sync_flags));

      /* If the database may grow as a result of this checkpoint, hint
      ** about the eventual size of the db file to the VFS layer.
      */
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        i64 nReq = ((i64)mxPage * szPage);
        i64 nSize;                    /* Current size of database file */
        sqlite3OsFileControl(pWal->pDbFd, SQLITE_FCNTL_CKPT_START, 0);
        rc = sqlite3OsFileSize(pWal->pDbFd, &nSize);
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK && nSize<nReq ){
          sqlite3OsFileControlHint(pWal->pDbFd, SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_HINT, &nReq);
        }
      }


      /* Iterate through the contents of the WAL, copying data to the db file */
      while( rc==SQLITE_OK && 0==walIteratorNext(pIter, &iDbpage, &iFrame) ){
        i64 iOffset;

        assert( walFramePgno(pWal, iFrame)==iDbpage );


        if( AtomicLoad(&db->u1.isInterrupted) ){
          rc = db->mallocFailed ? SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT : SQLITE_INTERRUPT;
          break;
        }
        if( iFrame<=nBackfill || iFrame>mxSafeFrame || iDbpage>mxPage ){

          continue;
        }
        iOffset = walFrameOffset(iFrame, szPage) + WAL_FRAME_HDRSIZE;



        /* testcase( IS_BIG_INT(iOffset) ); // requires a 4GiB WAL file */
        rc = sqlite3OsRead(pWal->pWalFd, zBuf, szPage, iOffset);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) break;
        iOffset = (iDbpage-1)*(i64)szPage;
        testcase( IS_BIG_INT(iOffset) );
        rc = sqlite3OsWrite(pWal->pDbFd, zBuf, szPage, iOffset);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) break;
      }
      sqlite3OsFileControl(pWal->pDbFd, SQLITE_FCNTL_CKPT_DONE, 0);

      /* If work was actually accomplished... */
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        if( mxSafeFrame==walIndexHdr(pWal)->mxFrame ){

          i64 szDb = pWal->hdr.nPage*(i64)szPage;
          testcase( IS_BIG_INT(szDb) );
          rc = sqlite3OsTruncate(pWal->pDbFd, szDb);

          if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
            rc = sqlite3OsSync(pWal->pDbFd, CKPT_SYNC_FLAGS(sync_flags));
          }
        }
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          AtomicStore(&pInfo->nBackfill, mxSafeFrame);
        }
      }

      /* Release the reader lock held while backfilling */

      walUnlockExclusive(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(0), 1);

    }

    if( rc==SQLITE_BUSY ){
      /* Reset the return code so as not to report a checkpoint failure
      ** just because there are active readers.  */
      rc = SQLITE_OK;
    }

  }

  /* If this is an SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_RESTART or TRUNCATE operation, and the
  ** entire wal file has been copied into the database file, then block 
  ** until all readers have finished using the wal file. This ensures that 
  ** the next process to write to the database restarts the wal file.
  */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && eMode!=SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE ){
    assert( pWal->writeLock );
    if( pInfo->nBackfill<pWal->hdr.mxFrame ){
      rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
    }else if( eMode>=SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_RESTART ){
      u32 salt1;
      sqlite3_randomness(4, &salt1);
      assert( pInfo->nBackfill==pWal->hdr.mxFrame );
................................................................................
          ** writer clients should see that the entire log file has been
          ** checkpointed and behave accordingly. This seems unsafe though,
          ** as it would leave the system in a state where the contents of
          ** the wal-index header do not match the contents of the 
          ** file-system. To avoid this, update the wal-index header to
          ** indicate that the log file contains zero valid frames.  */
          walRestartHdr(pWal, salt1);
          rc = sqlite3OsTruncate(pWal->pWalFd, 0);
        }
        walUnlockExclusive(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(1), WAL_NREADER-1);
      }
    }
  }

 walcheckpoint_out:
................................................................................
}

/*
** If the WAL file is currently larger than nMax bytes in size, truncate
** it to exactly nMax bytes. If an error occurs while doing so, ignore it.
*/
static void walLimitSize(Wal *pWal, i64 nMax){

  i64 sz;
  int rx;
  sqlite3BeginBenignMalloc();
  rx = sqlite3OsFileSize(pWal->pWalFd, &sz);
  if( rx==SQLITE_OK && (sz > nMax ) ){
    rx = sqlite3OsTruncate(pWal->pWalFd, nMax);
  }
  sqlite3EndBenignMalloc();
  if( rx ){
    sqlite3_log(rx, "cannot limit WAL size: %s", pWal->zWalName);

  }
}

/*
** Close a connection to a log file.
*/
int sqlite3WalClose(
................................................................................
    ** the wal and wal-index files.
    **
    ** The EXCLUSIVE lock is not released before returning.
    */
    if( zBuf!=0
     && SQLITE_OK==(rc = sqlite3OsLock(pWal->pDbFd, SQLITE_LOCK_EXCLUSIVE))
    ){

      if( pWal->exclusiveMode==WAL_NORMAL_MODE ){
        pWal->exclusiveMode = WAL_EXCLUSIVE_MODE;
      }

      rc = sqlite3WalCheckpoint(pWal, db, 
          SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE, 0, 0, sync_flags, nBuf, zBuf, 0, 0
      );
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        int bPersist = -1;
        sqlite3OsFileControlHint(
            pWal->pDbFd, SQLITE_FCNTL_PERSIST_WAL, &bPersist
        );
        if( bPersist!=1 ){
          /* Try to delete the WAL file if the checkpoint completed and
          ** fsyned (rc==SQLITE_OK) and if we are not in persistent-wal
          ** mode (!bPersist) */
          isDelete = 1;
        }else if( pWal->mxWalSize>=0 ){
          /* Try to truncate the WAL file to zero bytes if the checkpoint
          ** completed and fsynced (rc==SQLITE_OK) and we are in persistent
          ** WAL mode (bPersist) and if the PRAGMA journal_size_limit is a
          ** non-negative value (pWal->mxWalSize>=0).  Note that we truncate
          ** to zero bytes as truncating to the journal_size_limit might
          ** leave a corrupt WAL file on disk. */
          walLimitSize(pWal, 0);
        }









      }
    }

    walIndexClose(pWal, isDelete);
    sqlite3OsClose(pWal->pWalFd);
    if( isDelete ){
      sqlite3BeginBenignMalloc();
      sqlite3OsDelete(pWal->pVfs, pWal->zWalName, 0);

      sqlite3EndBenignMalloc();
    }
    WALTRACE(("WAL%p: closed\n", pWal));
    sqlite3_free((void *)pWal->apWiData);
    sqlite3_free(pWal);
  }
  return rc;
................................................................................
    }
  }

  /* If the header is read successfully, check the version number to make
  ** sure the wal-index was not constructed with some future format that
  ** this version of SQLite cannot understand.
  */

  if( badHdr==0 && pWal->hdr.iVersion!=WALINDEX_MAX_VERSION ){

    rc = SQLITE_CANTOPEN_BKPT;
  }
  if( pWal->bShmUnreliable ){
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      walIndexClose(pWal, 0);
      pWal->bShmUnreliable = 0;
      assert( pWal->nWiData>0 && pWal->apWiData[0]==0 );
................................................................................
  ** into pWal->hdr.
  */
  memcpy(&pWal->hdr, (void*)walIndexHdr(pWal), sizeof(WalIndexHdr));

  /* Make sure some writer hasn't come in and changed the WAL file out
  ** from under us, then disconnected, while we were not looking.
  */
  rc = sqlite3OsFileSize(pWal->pWalFd, &szWal);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    goto begin_unreliable_shm_out;
  }
  if( szWal<WAL_HDRSIZE ){
    /* If the wal file is too small to contain a wal-header and the
    ** wal-index header has mxFrame==0, then it must be safe to proceed
    ** reading the database file only. However, the page cache cannot
................................................................................
    ** since this client's last read transaction.  */
    *pChanged = 1;
    rc = (pWal->hdr.mxFrame==0 ? SQLITE_OK : WAL_RETRY);
    goto begin_unreliable_shm_out;
  }

  /* Check the salt keys at the start of the wal file still match. */
  rc = sqlite3OsRead(pWal->pWalFd, aBuf, WAL_HDRSIZE, 0);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    goto begin_unreliable_shm_out;
  }
  if( memcmp(&pWal->hdr.aSalt, &aBuf[16], 8) ){
    /* Some writer has wrapped the WAL file while we were not looking.
    ** Return WAL_RETRY which will cause the in-memory WAL-index to be
    ** rebuilt. */
................................................................................
      iOffset+szFrame<=szWal; 
      iOffset+=szFrame
  ){
    u32 pgno;                   /* Database page number for frame */
    u32 nTruncate;              /* dbsize field from frame header */

    /* Read and decode the next log frame. */
    rc = sqlite3OsRead(pWal->pWalFd, aFrame, szFrame, iOffset);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) break;
    if( !walDecodeFrame(pWal, &pgno, &nTruncate, aData, aFrame) ) break;

    /* If nTruncate is non-zero, then a complete transaction has been
    ** appended to this wal file. Set rc to WAL_RETRY and break out of
    ** the loop.  */
    if( nTruncate ){
................................................................................
** checkpoint process do as much work as possible.  This routine might
** update values of the aReadMark[] array in the header, but if it does
** so it takes care to hold an exclusive lock on the corresponding
** WAL_READ_LOCK() while changing values.
*/
static int walTryBeginRead(Wal *pWal, int *pChanged, int useWal, int cnt){
  volatile WalCkptInfo *pInfo;    /* Checkpoint information in wal-index */
  u32 mxReadMark;                 /* Largest aReadMark[] value */
  int mxI;                        /* Index of largest aReadMark[] value */
  int i;                          /* Loop counter */
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;             /* Return code  */
  u32 mxFrame;                    /* Wal frame to lock to */

  assert( pWal->readLock<0 );     /* Not currently locked */

  /* useWal may only be set for read/write connections */
  assert( (pWal->readOnly & WAL_SHM_RDONLY)==0 || useWal==0 );

  /* Take steps to avoid spinning forever if there is a protocol error.
  **
  ** Circumstances that cause a RETRY should only last for the briefest
................................................................................
      return walBeginShmUnreliable(pWal, pChanged);
    }
  }

  assert( pWal->nWiData>0 );
  assert( pWal->apWiData[0]!=0 );
  pInfo = walCkptInfo(pWal);
  if( !useWal && AtomicLoad(&pInfo->nBackfill)==pWal->hdr.mxFrame
































#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT
   && (pWal->pSnapshot==0 || pWal->hdr.mxFrame==0)
#endif
  ){
    /* The WAL has been completely backfilled (or it is empty).
    ** and can be safely ignored.
    */
    rc = walLockShared(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(0));
    walShmBarrier(pWal);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      if( memcmp((void *)walIndexHdr(pWal), &pWal->hdr, sizeof(WalIndexHdr)) ){
        /* It is not safe to allow the reader to continue here if frames
        ** may have been appended to the log before READ_LOCK(0) was obtained.
        ** When holding READ_LOCK(0), the reader ignores the entire log file,
        ** which implies that the database file contains a trustworthy
        ** snapshot. Since holding READ_LOCK(0) prevents a checkpoint from
        ** happening, this is usually correct.
        **
        ** However, if frames have been appended to the log (or if the log 
        ** is wrapped and written for that matter) before the READ_LOCK(0)
        ** is obtained, that is not necessarily true. A checkpointer may
        ** have started to backfill the appended frames but crashed before
        ** it finished. Leaving a corrupt image in the database file.
        */
        walUnlockShared(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(0));
        return WAL_RETRY;
      }
      pWal->readLock = 0;
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }else if( rc!=SQLITE_BUSY ){
      return rc;
    }
  }

  /* If we get this far, it means that the reader will want to use
  ** the WAL to get at content from recent commits.  The job now is
  ** to select one of the aReadMark[] entries that is closest to
  ** but not exceeding pWal->hdr.mxFrame and lock that entry.
  */
  mxReadMark = 0;
  mxI = 0;
  mxFrame = pWal->hdr.mxFrame;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT
  if( pWal->pSnapshot && pWal->pSnapshot->mxFrame<mxFrame ){
    mxFrame = pWal->pSnapshot->mxFrame;
  }
#endif
  for(i=1; i<WAL_NREADER; i++){
    u32 thisMark = AtomicLoad(pInfo->aReadMark+i);
    if( mxReadMark<=thisMark && thisMark<=mxFrame ){
      assert( thisMark!=READMARK_NOT_USED );
      mxReadMark = thisMark;
      mxI = i;
    }
  }
  if( (pWal->readOnly & WAL_SHM_RDONLY)==0
   && (mxReadMark<mxFrame || mxI==0)
  ){
    for(i=1; i<WAL_NREADER; i++){
      rc = walLockExclusive(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(i), 1);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        AtomicStore(pInfo->aReadMark+i,mxFrame);
        mxReadMark = mxFrame;
        mxI = i;
        walUnlockExclusive(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(i), 1);
        break;
      }else if( rc!=SQLITE_BUSY ){
        return rc;
      }
    }
  }
  if( mxI==0 ){
    assert( rc==SQLITE_BUSY || (pWal->readOnly & WAL_SHM_RDONLY)!=0 );
    return rc==SQLITE_BUSY ? WAL_RETRY : SQLITE_READONLY_CANTINIT;
  }

  rc = walLockShared(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(mxI));
  if( rc ){
    return rc==SQLITE_BUSY ? WAL_RETRY : rc;
  }
  /* Now that the read-lock has been obtained, check that neither the
  ** value in the aReadMark[] array or the contents of the wal-index
  ** header have changed.
  **
  ** It is necessary to check that the wal-index header did not change
  ** between the time it was read and when the shared-lock was obtained
  ** on WAL_READ_LOCK(mxI) was obtained to account for the possibility
  ** that the log file may have been wrapped by a writer, or that frames
  ** that occur later in the log than pWal->hdr.mxFrame may have been
  ** copied into the database by a checkpointer. If either of these things
  ** happened, then reading the database with the current value of
  ** pWal->hdr.mxFrame risks reading a corrupted snapshot. So, retry
  ** instead.
  **
  ** Before checking that the live wal-index header has not changed
  ** since it was read, set Wal.minFrame to the first frame in the wal
  ** file that has not yet been checkpointed. This client will not need
  ** to read any frames earlier than minFrame from the wal file - they
  ** can be safely read directly from the database file.
  **
  ** Because a ShmBarrier() call is made between taking the copy of 
  ** nBackfill and checking that the wal-header in shared-memory still
  ** matches the one cached in pWal->hdr, it is guaranteed that the 
  ** checkpointer that set nBackfill was not working with a wal-index
  ** header newer than that cached in pWal->hdr. If it were, that could
  ** cause a problem. The checkpointer could omit to checkpoint
  ** a version of page X that lies before pWal->minFrame (call that version
  ** A) on the basis that there is a newer version (version B) of the same
  ** page later in the wal file. But if version B happens to like past
  ** frame pWal->hdr.mxFrame - then the client would incorrectly assume
  ** that it can read version A from the database file. However, since
  ** we can guarantee that the checkpointer that set nBackfill could not
  ** see any pages past pWal->hdr.mxFrame, this problem does not come up.
  */
  pWal->minFrame = AtomicLoad(&pInfo->nBackfill)+1;
  walShmBarrier(pWal);
  if( AtomicLoad(pInfo->aReadMark+mxI)!=mxReadMark
   || memcmp((void *)walIndexHdr(pWal), &pWal->hdr, sizeof(WalIndexHdr))
  ){
    walUnlockShared(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(mxI));
    return WAL_RETRY;
  }else{
    assert( mxReadMark<=pWal->hdr.mxFrame );
    pWal->readLock = (i16)mxI;

  }
  return rc;
}

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT
/*
** Attempt to reduce the value of the WalCkptInfo.nBackfillAttempted 
................................................................................
**
** SQLITE_OK is returned if successful, or an SQLite error code if an
** error occurs. It is not an error if nBackfillAttempted cannot be
** decreased at all.
*/
int sqlite3WalSnapshotRecover(Wal *pWal){
  int rc;




  assert( pWal->readLock>=0 );
  rc = walLockExclusive(pWal, WAL_CKPT_LOCK, 1);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    volatile WalCkptInfo *pInfo = walCkptInfo(pWal);
    int szPage = (int)pWal->szPage;
    i64 szDb;                   /* Size of db file in bytes */
................................................................................
          rc = walHashGet(pWal, walFramePage(i), &sLoc);
          if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) break;
          pgno = sLoc.aPgno[i-sLoc.iZero];
          iDbOff = (i64)(pgno-1) * szPage;

          if( iDbOff+szPage<=szDb ){
            iWalOff = walFrameOffset(i, szPage) + WAL_FRAME_HDRSIZE;
            rc = sqlite3OsRead(pWal->pWalFd, pBuf1, szPage, iWalOff);

            if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
              rc = sqlite3OsRead(pWal->pDbFd, pBuf2, szPage, iDbOff);
            }

            if( rc!=SQLITE_OK || 0==memcmp(pBuf1, pBuf2, szPage) ){
              break;
................................................................................
  WalIndexHdr *pSnapshot = pWal->pSnapshot;
#endif

  assert( pWal->ckptLock==0 );

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT
  if( pSnapshot ){

    if( memcmp(pSnapshot, &pWal->hdr, sizeof(WalIndexHdr))!=0 ){
      bChanged = 1;
    }

    /* It is possible that there is a checkpointer thread running 
    ** concurrent with this code. If this is the case, it may be that the
    ** checkpointer has already determined that it will checkpoint 
................................................................................
  do{
    rc = walTryBeginRead(pWal, pChanged, 0, ++cnt);
  }while( rc==WAL_RETRY );
  testcase( (rc&0xff)==SQLITE_BUSY );
  testcase( (rc&0xff)==SQLITE_IOERR );
  testcase( rc==SQLITE_PROTOCOL );
  testcase( rc==SQLITE_OK );





#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( pSnapshot && memcmp(pSnapshot, &pWal->hdr, sizeof(WalIndexHdr))!=0 ){
      /* At this point the client has a lock on an aReadMark[] slot holding
      ** a value equal to or smaller than pSnapshot->mxFrame, but pWal->hdr
      ** is populated with the wal-index header corresponding to the head
................................................................................

/*
** Finish with a read transaction.  All this does is release the
** read-lock.
*/
void sqlite3WalEndReadTransaction(Wal *pWal){
  sqlite3WalEndWriteTransaction(pWal);
  if( pWal->readLock>=0 ){
    walUnlockShared(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(pWal->readLock));
    pWal->readLock = -1;
  }
}





















































































/*
** Search the wal file for page pgno. If found, set *piRead to the frame that
** contains the page. Otherwise, if pgno is not in the wal file, set *piRead
** to zero.
**
** Return SQLITE_OK if successful, or an error code if an error occurs. If an
................................................................................
** error does occur, the final value of *piRead is undefined.
*/
int sqlite3WalFindFrame(
  Wal *pWal,                      /* WAL handle */
  Pgno pgno,                      /* Database page number to read data for */
  u32 *piRead                     /* OUT: Frame number (or zero) */
){



  u32 iRead = 0;                  /* If !=0, WAL frame to return data from */
  u32 iLast = pWal->hdr.mxFrame;  /* Last page in WAL for this reader */
  int iHash;                      /* Used to loop through N hash tables */
  int iMinHash;

  /* This routine is only be called from within a read transaction. */


  assert( pWal->readLock>=0 || pWal->lockError );

  /* If the "last page" field of the wal-index header snapshot is 0, then
  ** no data will be read from the wal under any circumstances. Return early
  ** in this case as an optimization.  Likewise, if pWal->readLock==0, 
  ** then the WAL is ignored by the reader so return early, as if the 
  ** WAL were empty.
  */








  if( iLast==0 || (pWal->readLock==0 && pWal->bShmUnreliable==0) ){
    *piRead = 0;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

  /* Search the hash table or tables for an entry matching page number
  ** pgno. Each iteration of the following for() loop searches one
  ** hash table (each hash table indexes up to HASHTABLE_NPAGE frames).
  **
  ** This code might run concurrently to the code in walIndexAppend()
  ** that adds entries to the wal-index (and possibly to this hash 
  ** table). This means the value just read from the hash 
  ** slot (aHash[iKey]) may have been added before or after the 
  ** current read transaction was opened. Values added after the
  ** read transaction was opened may have been written incorrectly -
  ** i.e. these slots may contain garbage data. However, we assume
  ** that any slots written before the current read transaction was
  ** opened remain unmodified.
  **
  ** For the reasons above, the if(...) condition featured in the inner
  ** loop of the following block is more stringent that would be required 
  ** if we had exclusive access to the hash-table:
  **
  **   (aPgno[iFrame]==pgno): 
  **     This condition filters out normal hash-table collisions.
  **
  **   (iFrame<=iLast): 
  **     This condition filters out entries that were added to the hash
  **     table after the current read-transaction had started.
  */
  iMinHash = walFramePage(pWal->minFrame);
  for(iHash=walFramePage(iLast); iHash>=iMinHash; iHash--){
    WalHashLoc sLoc;              /* Hash table location */
    int iKey;                     /* Hash slot index */
    int nCollide;                 /* Number of hash collisions remaining */
    int rc;                       /* Error code */
    u32 iH;

    rc = walHashGet(pWal, iHash, &sLoc);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      return rc;








    }
    nCollide = HASHTABLE_NSLOT;
    iKey = walHash(pgno);
    while( (iH = AtomicLoad(&sLoc.aHash[iKey]))!=0 ){
      u32 iFrame = iH + sLoc.iZero;
      if( iFrame<=iLast && iFrame>=pWal->minFrame && sLoc.aPgno[iH]==pgno ){
        assert( iFrame>iRead || CORRUPT_DB );
        iRead = iFrame;
      }
      if( (nCollide--)==0 ){
        return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
      }
      iKey = walNextHash(iKey);
    }

    if( iRead ) break;





  }


#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_EXPENSIVE_ASSERT
  /* If expensive assert() statements are available, do a linear search
  ** of the wal-index file content. Make sure the results agree with the
  ** result obtained using the hash indexes above.  */



  {
    u32 iRead2 = 0;
    u32 iTest;
    assert( pWal->bShmUnreliable || pWal->minFrame>0 );
    for(iTest=iLast; iTest>=pWal->minFrame && iTest>0; iTest--){
      if( walFramePgno(pWal, iTest)==pgno ){
        iRead2 = iTest;
................................................................................
/*
** Read the contents of frame iRead from the wal file into buffer pOut
** (which is nOut bytes in size). Return SQLITE_OK if successful, or an
** error code otherwise.
*/
int sqlite3WalReadFrame(
  Wal *pWal,                      /* WAL handle */
  u32 iRead,                      /* Frame to read */
  int nOut,                       /* Size of buffer pOut in bytes */
  u8 *pOut                        /* Buffer to write page data to */
){
  int sz;


  i64 iOffset;


  sz = pWal->hdr.szPage;
  sz = (sz&0xfe00) + ((sz&0x0001)<<16);
  testcase( sz<=32768 );
  testcase( sz>=65536 );










  iOffset = walFrameOffset(iRead, sz) + WAL_FRAME_HDRSIZE;
  /* testcase( IS_BIG_INT(iOffset) ); // requires a 4GiB WAL */
  return sqlite3OsRead(pWal->pWalFd, pOut, (nOut>sz ? sz : nOut), iOffset);
}

/* 
** Return the size of the database in pages (or zero, if unknown).
*/
Pgno sqlite3WalDbsize(Wal *pWal){
  if( pWal && ALWAYS(pWal->readLock>=0) ){
    return pWal->hdr.nPage;
  }
  return 0;
}


/* 
................................................................................
    assert( !memcmp(&pWal->hdr,(void *)walIndexHdr(pWal),sizeof(WalIndexHdr)) );
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
#endif

  /* Cannot start a write transaction without first holding a read
  ** transaction. */
  assert( pWal->readLock>=0 );
  assert( pWal->writeLock==0 && pWal->iReCksum==0 );

  if( pWal->readOnly ){
    return SQLITE_READONLY;
  }

  /* Only one writer allowed at a time.  Get the write lock.  Return
................................................................................
**
** Otherwise, if the callback function does not return an error, this
** function returns SQLITE_OK.
*/
int sqlite3WalUndo(Wal *pWal, int (*xUndo)(void *, Pgno), void *pUndoCtx){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  if( ALWAYS(pWal->writeLock) ){
    Pgno iMax = pWal->hdr.mxFrame;


    Pgno iFrame;
  


    /* Restore the clients cache of the wal-index header to the state it
    ** was in before the client began writing to the database. 
    */
    memcpy(&pWal->hdr, (void *)walIndexHdr(pWal), sizeof(WalIndexHdr));



    for(iFrame=pWal->hdr.mxFrame+1; 
        ALWAYS(rc==SQLITE_OK) && iFrame<=iMax; 
        iFrame++
    ){
      /* This call cannot fail. Unless the page for which the page number
      ** is passed as the second argument is (a) in the cache and 
      ** (b) has an outstanding reference, then xUndo is either a no-op
      ** (if (a) is false) or simply expels the page from the cache (if (b)
      ** is false).
      **
      ** If the upper layer is doing a rollback, it is guaranteed that there
      ** are no outstanding references to any page other than page 1. And
      ** page 1 is never written to the log until the transaction is
      ** committed. As a result, the call to xUndo may not fail.
      */




      assert( walFramePgno(pWal, iFrame)!=1 );


      rc = xUndo(pUndoCtx, walFramePgno(pWal, iFrame));
    }
    if( iMax!=pWal->hdr.mxFrame ) walCleanupHash(pWal);
  }
  return rc;
}

/* 
** Argument aWalData must point to an array of WAL_SAVEPOINT_NDATA u32 
** values. This function populates the array with values required to 
** "rollback" the write position of the WAL handle back to the current 
** point in the event of a savepoint rollback (via WalSavepointUndo()).
*/
void sqlite3WalSavepoint(Wal *pWal, u32 *aWalData){

  assert( pWal->writeLock );
  aWalData[0] = pWal->hdr.mxFrame;


  aWalData[1] = pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[0];
  aWalData[2] = pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[1];
  aWalData[3] = pWal->nCkpt;

}

/* 
** Move the write position of the WAL back to the point identified by
** the values in the aWalData[] array. aWalData must point to an array
** of WAL_SAVEPOINT_NDATA u32 values that has been previously populated
** by a call to WalSavepoint().
*/
int sqlite3WalSavepointUndo(Wal *pWal, u32 *aWalData){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;



  assert( pWal->writeLock );
  assert( aWalData[3]!=pWal->nCkpt || aWalData[0]<=pWal->hdr.mxFrame );



  if( aWalData[3]!=pWal->nCkpt ){
    /* This savepoint was opened immediately after the write-transaction
    ** was started. Right after that, the writer decided to wrap around
    ** to the start of the log. Update the savepoint values to match.
    */
    aWalData[0] = 0;
    aWalData[3] = pWal->nCkpt;
  }

  if( aWalData[0]<pWal->hdr.mxFrame ){
    pWal->hdr.mxFrame = aWalData[0];
    pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[0] = aWalData[1];
    pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[1] = aWalData[2];
    walCleanupHash(pWal);
  }

  return rc;
}

/*
** This function is called just before writing a set of frames to the log
** file (see sqlite3WalFrames()). It checks to see if, instead of appending
** to the current log file, it is possible to overwrite the start of the
** existing log file with the new frames (i.e. "reset" the log). If so,
** it sets pWal->hdr.mxFrame to 0. Otherwise, pWal->hdr.mxFrame is left
** unchanged.
**
** SQLITE_OK is returned if no error is encountered (regardless of whether
** or not pWal->hdr.mxFrame is modified). An SQLite error code is returned
** if an error occurs.
*/
static int walRestartLog(Wal *pWal){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  int cnt;

































  if( pWal->readLock==0 ){

    volatile WalCkptInfo *pInfo = walCkptInfo(pWal);
    assert( pInfo->nBackfill==pWal->hdr.mxFrame );
    if( pInfo->nBackfill>0 ){
      u32 salt1;
      sqlite3_randomness(4, &salt1);
      rc = walLockExclusive(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(1), WAL_NREADER-1);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
................................................................................
        walRestartHdr(pWal, salt1);
        walUnlockExclusive(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(1), WAL_NREADER-1);
      }else if( rc!=SQLITE_BUSY ){
        return rc;
      }
    }
    walUnlockShared(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(0));
    pWal->readLock = -1;
    cnt = 0;
    do{
      int notUsed;
      rc = walTryBeginRead(pWal, &notUsed, 1, ++cnt);
    }while( rc==WAL_RETRY );
    assert( (rc&0xff)!=SQLITE_BUSY ); /* BUSY not possible when useWal==1 */
    testcase( (rc&0xff)==SQLITE_IOERR );
    testcase( rc==SQLITE_PROTOCOL );
    testcase( rc==SQLITE_OK );
  }

  return rc;
}

/*
** Information about the current state of the WAL file and where
** the next fsync should occur - passed from sqlite3WalFrames() into
** walWriteToLog().
................................................................................
  PgHdr *pPage,               /* The page of the frame to be written */
  int nTruncate,              /* The commit flag.  Usually 0.  >0 for commit */
  sqlite3_int64 iOffset       /* Byte offset at which to write */
){
  int rc;                         /* Result code from subfunctions */
  void *pData;                    /* Data actually written */
  u8 aFrame[WAL_FRAME_HDRSIZE];   /* Buffer to assemble frame-header in */












  pData = pPage->pData;
  walEncodeFrame(p->pWal, pPage->pgno, nTruncate, pData, aFrame);
  rc = walWriteToLog(p, aFrame, sizeof(aFrame), iOffset);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  /* Write the page data */
  rc = walWriteToLog(p, pData, p->szPage, iOffset+sizeof(aFrame));
  return rc;
................................................................................
** one or more frames have been overwritten. It updates the checksums for
** all frames written to the wal file by the current transaction starting
** with the earliest to have been overwritten.
**
** SQLITE_OK is returned if successful, or an SQLite error code otherwise.
*/
static int walRewriteChecksums(Wal *pWal, u32 iLast){
  const int szPage = pWal->szPage;/* Database page size */
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;             /* Return code */

  u8 *aBuf;                       /* Buffer to load data from wal file into */
  u8 aFrame[WAL_FRAME_HDRSIZE];   /* Buffer to assemble frame-headers in */
  u32 iRead;                      /* Next frame to read from wal file */
  i64 iCksumOff;


  aBuf = sqlite3_malloc(szPage + WAL_FRAME_HDRSIZE);
  if( aBuf==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;

  /* Find the checksum values to use as input for the recalculating the
  ** first checksum. If the first frame is frame 1 (implying that the current
  ** transaction restarted the wal file), these values must be read from the
................................................................................
  ** previous frame.  */
  assert( pWal->iReCksum>0 );
  if( pWal->iReCksum==1 ){
    iCksumOff = 24;
  }else{
    iCksumOff = walFrameOffset(pWal->iReCksum-1, szPage) + 16;
  }
  rc = sqlite3OsRead(pWal->pWalFd, aBuf, sizeof(u32)*2, iCksumOff);
  pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[0] = sqlite3Get4byte(aBuf);
  pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[1] = sqlite3Get4byte(&aBuf[sizeof(u32)]);

  iRead = pWal->iReCksum;
  pWal->iReCksum = 0;
  for(; rc==SQLITE_OK && iRead<=iLast; iRead++){
    i64 iOff = walFrameOffset(iRead, szPage);
    rc = sqlite3OsRead(pWal->pWalFd, aBuf, szPage+WAL_FRAME_HDRSIZE, iOff);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      u32 iPgno, nDbSize;
      iPgno = sqlite3Get4byte(aBuf);
      nDbSize = sqlite3Get4byte(&aBuf[4]);

      walEncodeFrame(pWal, iPgno, nDbSize, &aBuf[WAL_FRAME_HDRSIZE], aFrame);
      rc = sqlite3OsWrite(pWal->pWalFd, aFrame, sizeof(aFrame), iOff);
    }
  }

  sqlite3_free(aBuf);
  return rc;
}

................................................................................
  PgHdr *pLast = 0;               /* Last frame in list */
  int nExtra = 0;                 /* Number of extra copies of last page */
  int szFrame;                    /* The size of a single frame */
  i64 iOffset;                    /* Next byte to write in WAL file */
  WalWriter w;                    /* The writer */
  u32 iFirst = 0;                 /* First frame that may be overwritten */
  WalIndexHdr *pLive;             /* Pointer to shared header */



  assert( pList );
  assert( pWal->writeLock );

  /* If this frame set completes a transaction, then nTruncate>0.  If
  ** nTruncate==0 then this frame set does not complete the transaction. */
  assert( (isCommit!=0)==(nTruncate!=0) );

#if defined(SQLITE_TEST) && defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
  { int cnt; for(cnt=0, p=pList; p; p=p->pDirty, cnt++){}
    WALTRACE(("WAL%p: frame write begin. %d frames. mxFrame=%d. %s\n",
              pWal, cnt, pWal->hdr.mxFrame, isCommit ? "Commit" : "Spill"));
  }
#endif

  pLive = (WalIndexHdr*)walIndexHdr(pWal);
  if( memcmp(&pWal->hdr, (void *)pLive, sizeof(WalIndexHdr))!=0 ){
    iFirst = pLive->mxFrame+1;


  }

  /* See if it is possible to write these frames into the start of the
  ** log file, instead of appending to it at pWal->hdr.mxFrame.
  */
  if( SQLITE_OK!=(rc = walRestartLog(pWal)) ){
    return rc;
  }

  /* If this is the first frame written into the log, write the WAL
  ** header to the start of the WAL file. See comments at the top of
  ** this source file for a description of the WAL header format.
  */
  iFrame = pWal->hdr.mxFrame;










  if( iFrame==0 ){

    u8 aWalHdr[WAL_HDRSIZE];      /* Buffer to assemble wal-header in */
    u32 aCksum[2];                /* Checksum for wal-header */

    sqlite3Put4byte(&aWalHdr[0], (WAL_MAGIC | SQLITE_BIGENDIAN));
    sqlite3Put4byte(&aWalHdr[4], WAL_MAX_VERSION);
    sqlite3Put4byte(&aWalHdr[8], szPage);












    sqlite3Put4byte(&aWalHdr[12], pWal->nCkpt);
    if( pWal->nCkpt==0 ) sqlite3_randomness(8, pWal->hdr.aSalt);
    memcpy(&aWalHdr[16], pWal->hdr.aSalt, 8);
    walChecksumBytes(1, aWalHdr, WAL_HDRSIZE-2*4, 0, aCksum);
    sqlite3Put4byte(&aWalHdr[24], aCksum[0]);
    sqlite3Put4byte(&aWalHdr[28], aCksum[1]);
    
    pWal->szPage = szPage;
    pWal->hdr.bigEndCksum = SQLITE_BIGENDIAN;
    pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[0] = aCksum[0];
    pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[1] = aCksum[1];
    pWal->truncateOnCommit = 1;

    rc = sqlite3OsWrite(pWal->pWalFd, aWalHdr, sizeof(aWalHdr), 0);
    WALTRACE(("WAL%p: wal-header write %s\n", pWal, rc ? "failed" : "ok"));
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      return rc;
    }

    /* Sync the header (unless SQLITE_IOCAP_SEQUENTIAL is true or unless
    ** all syncing is turned off by PRAGMA synchronous=OFF).  Otherwise
    ** an out-of-order write following a WAL restart could result in
    ** database corruption.  See the ticket:
    **
    **     https://sqlite.org/src/info/ff5be73dee
    */
    if( pWal->syncHeader ){
      rc = sqlite3OsSync(pWal->pWalFd, CKPT_SYNC_FLAGS(sync_flags));
      if( rc ) return rc;
    }
  }
  assert( (int)pWal->szPage==szPage );

  /* Setup information needed to write frames into the WAL */
  w.pWal = pWal;
  w.pFd = pWal->pWalFd;
  w.iSyncPoint = 0;
  w.syncFlags = sync_flags;
  w.szPage = szPage;
  iOffset = walFrameOffset(iFrame+1, szPage);
  szFrame = szPage + WAL_FRAME_HDRSIZE;

  /* Write all frames into the log file exactly once */
................................................................................

    /* Check if this page has already been written into the wal file by
    ** the current transaction. If so, overwrite the existing frame and
    ** set Wal.writeLock to WAL_WRITELOCK_RECKSUM - indicating that 
    ** checksums must be recomputed when the transaction is committed.  */
    if( iFirst && (p->pDirty || isCommit==0) ){
      u32 iWrite = 0;
      VVA_ONLY(rc =) sqlite3WalFindFrame(pWal, p->pgno, &iWrite);
      assert( rc==SQLITE_OK || iWrite==0 );



      if( iWrite>=iFirst ){
        i64 iOff = walFrameOffset(iWrite, szPage) + WAL_FRAME_HDRSIZE;
        void *pData;
        if( pWal->iReCksum==0 || iWrite<pWal->iReCksum ){
          pWal->iReCksum = iWrite;
        }
        pData = p->pData;
        rc = sqlite3OsWrite(pWal->pWalFd, pData, szPage, iOff);
        if( rc ) return rc;
        p->flags &= ~PGHDR_WAL_APPEND;
        continue;
      }
    }

    iFrame++;
................................................................................
  ** boundary is crossed.  Only the part of the WAL prior to the last
  ** sector boundary is synced; the part of the last frame that extends
  ** past the sector boundary is written after the sync.
  */
  if( isCommit && WAL_SYNC_FLAGS(sync_flags)!=0 ){
    int bSync = 1;
    if( pWal->padToSectorBoundary ){
      int sectorSize = sqlite3SectorSize(pWal->pWalFd);
      w.iSyncPoint = ((iOffset+sectorSize-1)/sectorSize)*sectorSize;
      bSync = (w.iSyncPoint==iOffset);
      testcase( bSync );
      while( iOffset<w.iSyncPoint ){
        rc = walWriteOneFrame(&w, pLast, nTruncate, iOffset);
        if( rc ) return rc;
        iOffset += szFrame;
................................................................................
  }

  /* Append data to the wal-index. It is not necessary to lock the 
  ** wal-index to do this as the SQLITE_SHM_WRITE lock held on the wal-index
  ** guarantees that there are no other writers, and no data that may
  ** be in use by existing readers is being overwritten.
  */
  iFrame = pWal->hdr.mxFrame;
  for(p=pList; p && rc==SQLITE_OK; p=p->pDirty){
    if( (p->flags & PGHDR_WAL_APPEND)==0 ) continue;
    iFrame++;
    rc = walIndexAppend(pWal, iFrame, p->pgno);
  }
  assert( pLast!=0 || nExtra==0 );
  while( rc==SQLITE_OK && nExtra>0 ){
    iFrame++;
    nExtra--;
    rc = walIndexAppend(pWal, iFrame, pLast->pgno);
  }

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    /* Update the private copy of the header. */
    pWal->hdr.szPage = (u16)((szPage&0xff00) | (szPage>>16));
    testcase( szPage<=32768 );
    testcase( szPage>=65536 );
    pWal->hdr.mxFrame = iFrame;
    if( isCommit ){
      pWal->hdr.iChange++;
      pWal->hdr.nPage = nTruncate;
    }
    /* If this is a commit, update the wal-index header too. */
    if( isCommit ){
      walIndexWriteHdr(pWal);









      pWal->iCallback = iFrame;

    }
  }

  WALTRACE(("WAL%p: frame write %s\n", pWal, rc ? "failed" : "ok"));
  return rc;
}

................................................................................
    if( isChanged && pWal->pDbFd->pMethods->iVersion>=3 ){
      sqlite3OsUnfetch(pWal->pDbFd, 0, 0);
    }
  }

  /* Copy data from the log to the database file. */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){


    if( pWal->hdr.mxFrame && walPagesize(pWal)!=nBuf ){


      rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    }else{
      rc = walCheckpoint(pWal, db, eMode2, xBusy2, pBusyArg, sync_flags, zBuf);
    }

    /* If no error occurred, set the output variables. */
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK || rc==SQLITE_BUSY ){
      if( pnLog ) *pnLog = (int)pWal->hdr.mxFrame;




      if( pnCkpt ) *pnCkpt = (int)(walCkptInfo(pWal)->nBackfill);








    }
  }

  if( isChanged ){
    /* If a new wal-index header was loaded before the checkpoint was 
    ** performed, then the pager-cache associated with pWal is now
    ** out of date. So zero the cached wal-index header to ensure that
................................................................................
** If op is negative, then do a dry-run of the op==1 case but do
** not actually change anything. The pager uses this to see if it
** should acquire the database exclusive lock prior to invoking
** the op==1 case.
*/
int sqlite3WalExclusiveMode(Wal *pWal, int op){
  int rc;

  assert( pWal->writeLock==0 );
  assert( pWal->exclusiveMode!=WAL_HEAPMEMORY_MODE || op==-1 );

  /* pWal->readLock is usually set, but might be -1 if there was a 
  ** prior error while attempting to acquire are read-lock. This cannot 
  ** happen if the connection is actually in exclusive mode (as no xShmLock
  ** locks are taken in this case). Nor should the pager attempt to
  ** upgrade to exclusive-mode following such an error.
  */
  assert( pWal->readLock>=0 || pWal->lockError );
  assert( pWal->readLock>=0 || (op<=0 && pWal->exclusiveMode==0) );

  if( op==0 ){
    if( pWal->exclusiveMode!=WAL_NORMAL_MODE ){
      pWal->exclusiveMode = WAL_NORMAL_MODE;
      if( walLockShared(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(pWal->readLock))!=SQLITE_OK ){

        pWal->exclusiveMode = WAL_EXCLUSIVE_MODE;
      }
      rc = pWal->exclusiveMode==WAL_NORMAL_MODE;
    }else{
      /* Already in locking_mode=NORMAL */
      rc = 0;
    }
................................................................................
** every other subsystem, so the WAL module can put whatever it needs
** in the object.
*/
int sqlite3WalSnapshotGet(Wal *pWal, sqlite3_snapshot **ppSnapshot){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  WalIndexHdr *pRet;
  static const u32 aZero[4] = { 0, 0, 0, 0 };




  assert( pWal->readLock>=0 && pWal->writeLock==0 );

  if( memcmp(&pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[0],aZero,16)==0 ){
    *ppSnapshot = 0;
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  pRet = (WalIndexHdr*)sqlite3_malloc(sizeof(WalIndexHdr));
  if( pRet==0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
  }else{
................................................................................
** If the snapshot is not available, SQLITE_ERROR is returned. Or, if
** the CHECKPOINTER lock cannot be obtained, SQLITE_BUSY. If any error
** occurs (any value other than SQLITE_OK is returned), the CHECKPOINTER
** lock is released before returning.
*/
int sqlite3WalSnapshotCheck(Wal *pWal, sqlite3_snapshot *pSnapshot){
  int rc;




  rc = walLockShared(pWal, WAL_CKPT_LOCK);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    WalIndexHdr *pNew = (WalIndexHdr*)pSnapshot;
    if( memcmp(pNew->aSalt, pWal->hdr.aSalt, sizeof(pWal->hdr.aSalt))
     || pNew->mxFrame<walCkptInfo(pWal)->nBackfillAttempted
    ){
      rc = SQLITE_ERROR_SNAPSHOT;
................................................................................
  return (pWal ? pWal->szPage : 0);
}
#endif

/* Return the sqlite3_file object for the WAL file
*/
sqlite3_file *sqlite3WalFile(Wal *pWal){
  return pWal->pWalFd;








}

#endif /* #ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL */







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97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
...
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
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260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
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342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
...
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455

456
457
458

459
460
461
462
463
464
465
...
474
475
476
477
478
479
480
481
482
483
484
485
486
487
488
489
490
491
492
493
494
495
496
497
498
499
500
501
502
503
504
505
506
507
508
509
510
511
512
513
514
515
516
517
518
519
520
...
526
527
528
529
530
531
532
533
534
535
536
537
538
539
540
541
542
543
544
545
546
547
548
549
550
551
552
553
554
555
556
557
558
559
560
561
562
563
564
565
566
567
568
569
570
571
572
573
574
575
576
577
578
579
580
581
582
583
584
585
586
587
588
589
590
591
592
593
594
595
596
597
...
694
695
696
697
698
699
700
701
702
703
704
705
706
707
708
...
715
716
717
718
719
720
721
722
723
724
725
726
727
728
729
730
731
732
733
734
735
736
737
...
980
981
982
983
984
985
986
987
988
989
990
991
992
993
994
....
1059
1060
1061
1062
1063
1064
1065
1066
1067
1068
1069
1070
1071
1072
1073
....
1207
1208
1209
1210
1211
1212
1213
1214
1215
1216
1217
1218
1219
1220
1221
1222
1223
1224
1225
1226
1227
1228
1229
1230
1231
1232
1233
1234
1235
1236
1237
1238
1239
1240
1241
1242
1243
1244
1245
1246
1247
1248
1249
1250
1251
1252
....
1256
1257
1258
1259
1260
1261
1262
1263
1264
1265
1266
1267
1268
1269
1270
1271
1272
1273
1274
1275
1276
1277
1278
1279
1280
1281
1282
1283
1284
1285
1286
1287
1288
1289
1290
1291
1292
1293
1294
1295
1296
1297
1298
1299
1300
....
1306
1307
1308
1309
1310
1311
1312
1313
1314
1315
1316
1317
1318
1319
1320
1321
1322
1323
1324
1325
1326
1327
1328
1329
1330
1331
1332
1333
1334
1335
1336
1337
1338
1339
1340
1341
1342
1343
1344
1345
1346
1347
1348
1349
1350
1351
1352

1353
1354
1355
1356
1357
1358
1359
....
1366
1367
1368
1369
1370
1371
1372

1373
1374
1375
1376
1377
1378
1379
1380
1381
1382
1383
1384
1385
1386
1387
1388
1389
1390
1391
1392
1393
1394
1395
1396
1397
1398
1399
1400
1401
1402
1403
1404
1405
1406
....
1457
1458
1459
1460
1461
1462
1463
1464
1465
1466
1467
1468
1469
1470
1471
1472
1473
1474
1475
1476
1477
1478
1479
1480
1481
1482
1483
1484
1485
1486
1487
1488
1489
1490
1491
1492
1493
1494
1495
1496
1497
1498
1499
1500
1501
1502
1503
1504
1505
1506
1507
1508
1509
1510
1511
1512
1513
1514
1515
1516
1517
1518
1519
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1522
1523
1524
1525
1526
1527
1528
1529
1530
1531
1532
1533
1534
1535
1536
1537
1538
1539
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1542
1543
1544
1545
1546
1547
1548
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1550
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1552
1553
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1556
1557
1558
1559
1560
1561
1562
1563
1564
1565
1566
1567
1568
1569
1570
1571
1572
1573
1574
1575
1576
1577
1578
1579
1580
1581
1582
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1584
1585
1586
1587
1588
1589
1590
1591
1592
1593
1594
1595
1596
1597
1598
1599
1600
1601
1602
1603
1604
1605
1606
1607
1608
1609
1610
1611
1612
1613
1614
1615
1616
1617
1618


1619
1620
1621
1622
1623
1624
1625
1626
1627
1628
1629
1630
....
1642
1643
1644
1645
1646
1647
1648
1649
1650
1651
1652
1653
1654
1655
1656
1657
1658
1659
1660
1661
1662
1663
1664
1665
1666
1667
1668
1669
1670
1671
1672
1673

1674
1675
1676
1677
1678
1679
1680
1681
1682

1683
1684
1685
1686











1687




1688
1689
1690
1691











1692
1693
1694
1695
1696
1697

1698
1699
1700
1701
1702
1703




1704
1705




1706
1707
1708
1709
1710











1711
1712
1713
1714
1715
1716
1717
1718
1719
1720
1721
1722
1723
1724












1725






1726
1727
1728
1729
1730
1731
1732









1733
1734
1735
1736
1737

1738

1739
1740
1741
1742
1743
1744
1745
1746
1747
1748
1749
1750
1751

1752
1753
1754
1755
1756
1757
1758
1759
1760
1761
1762
1763
1764
1765
1766
1767

1768
1769
1770
1771
1772
1773
1774
1775
1776
1777
1778
1779
1780
1781
1782
1783
1784
1785
1786
1787
1788
1789
1790
1791
1792
1793
1794
1795
1796
....
1806
1807
1808
1809
1810
1811
1812
1813
1814
1815
1816
1817
1818
1819
1820
1821
1822
1823
1824
1825
1826
1827
....
1833
1834
1835
1836
1837
1838
1839
1840
1841
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....
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....
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....
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....
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....
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....
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....
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....
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4010
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....
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....
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....
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4168
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....
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....
4228
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....
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....
4389
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....
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....
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....
4654
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4682
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....
4709
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....
4769
4770
4771
4772
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....
4813
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4827
4828
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4830
4831
** being considered valid at the same time and being checkpointing together
** following a crash.
**
** READER ALGORITHM
**
** To read a page from the database (call it page number P), a reader
** first checks the WAL to see if it contains page P.  If so, then the
** last valid instance of page P that is followed by a commit frame
** or is a commit frame itself becomes the value read.  If the WAL
** contains no copies of page P that are valid and which are a commit
** frame or are followed by a commit frame, then page P is read from
** the database file.
**
** To start a read transaction, the reader records the index of the last
** valid frame in the WAL.  The reader uses this recorded "mxFrame" value
................................................................................
**
** Note that entries are added in order of increasing K.  Hence, one
** reader might be using some value K0 and a second reader that started
** at a later time (after additional transactions were added to the WAL
** and to the wal-index) might be using a different value K1, where K1>K0.
** Both readers can use the same hash table and mapping section to get
** the correct result.  There may be entries in the hash table with
** K>K0, but to the first reader those entries will appear to be unused
** slots in the hash table and so the first reader will get an answer as
** if no values greater than K0 had ever been inserted into the hash table
** in the first place - which is what reader one wants.  Meanwhile, the
** second reader using K1 will see additional values that were inserted
** later, which is exactly what reader two wants.  
**
** When a rollback occurs, the value of K is decreased. Hash table entries
** that correspond to frames greater than the new K value are removed
** from the hash table at this point.
*/

/*
** WAL2 NOTES
**
** This file also contains the implementation of "wal2" mode - activated
** using "PRAGMA journal_mode = wal2". Wal2 mode is very similar to wal
** mode, except that it uses two wal files instead of one. Under some
** circumstances, wal2 mode provides more concurrency than legacy wal 
** mode.
**
** THE PROBLEM WAL2 SOLVES:
**
** In legacy wal mode, if a writer wishes to write to the database while
** a checkpoint is ongoing, it may append frames to the existing wal file.
** This means that after the checkpoint has finished, the wal file consists
** of a large block of checkpointed frames, followed by a block of
** uncheckpointed frames. In a deployment that features a high volume of
** write traffic, this may mean that the wal file is never completely
** checkpointed. And so grows indefinitely.
**
** An alternative is to use "PRAGMA wal_checkpoint=RESTART" or similar to
** force a complete checkpoint of the wal file. But this must:
**
**   1) Wait on all existing readers to finish,
**   2) Wait on any existing writer, and then block all new writers,
**   3) Do the checkpoint,
**   4) Wait on any new readers that started during steps 2 and 3. Writers
**      are still blocked during this step.
**
** This means that in order to avoid the wal file growing indefinitely 
** in a busy system, writers must periodically pause to allow a checkpoint
** to complete. In a system with long running readers, such pauses may be
** for a non-trivial amount of time.
**
** OVERVIEW OF SOLUTION
**
** Wal2 mode uses two wal files. After writers have grown the first wal 
** file to a pre-configured size, they begin appending transactions to 
** the second wal file. Once all existing readers are reading snapshots
** new enough to include the entire first wal file, a checkpointer can
** checkpoint it.
**
** Meanwhile, writers are writing transactions to the second wal file.
** Once that wal file has grown larger than the pre-configured size, each
** new writer checks if:
**
**    * the first wal file has been checkpointed, and if so, if
**    * there are no readers still reading from the first wal file (once
**      it has been checkpointed, new readers read only from the second
**      wal file).
**
** If both these conditions are true, the writer may switch back to the
** first wal file. Eventually, a checkpointer can checkpoint the second
** wal file, and so on.
**
** The wal file that writers are currently appending to (the one they
** don't have to check the above two criteria before writing to) is called
** the "current" wal file.
**
** The first wal file takes the same name as the wal file in legacy wal
** mode systems - "<db>-wal". The second is named "<db>-wal2".
**
** CHECKPOINTS
**
** The "pre-configured size" mentioned above is the value set by 
** "PRAGMA journal_size_limit". Or, if journal_size_limit is not set, 
** 1000 pages.
**
** There is only a single type of checkpoint in wal2 mode (no "truncate",
** "restart" etc.), and it always checkpoints the entire contents of a single
** wal file. A wal file cannot be checkpointed until after a writer has written
** the first transaction into the other wal file and all readers are reading a
** snapshot that includes at least one transaction from the other wal file.
**
** The wal-hook, if one is registered, is invoked after a write-transaction
** is committed, just as it is in legacy wal mode. The integer parameter
** passed to the wal-hook is the total number of uncheckpointed frames in both
** wal files. Except, the parameter is set to zero if there is no frames 
** that may be checkpointed. This happens in two scenarios:
**
**   1. The "other" wal file (the one that the writer did not just append to)
**      is completely empty, or
**
**   2. The "other" wal file (the one that the writer did not just append to)
**      has already been checkpointed.
**
**
** WAL FILE FORMAT
**
** The file format used for each wal file in wal2 mode is the same as for
** legacy wal mode.  Except, the file format field is set to 3021000 
** instead of 3007000.
**
** WAL-INDEX FORMAT
**
** The wal-index format is also very similar. Even though there are two
** wal files, there is still a single wal-index shared-memory area (*-shm
** file with the default unix or win32 VFS). The wal-index header is the
** same size, with the following exceptions it has the same format:
**
**   * The version field is set to 3021000 instead of 3007000.
**
**   * An unused 32-bit field in the legacy wal-index header is
**     now used to store (a) a single bit indicating which of the
**     two wal files writers should append to and (b) the number
**     of frames in the second wal file (31 bits).
**
** The first hash table in the wal-index contains entries corresponding
** to the first HASHTABLE_NPAGE_ONE frames stored in the first wal file.
** The second hash table in the wal-index contains entries indexing the
** first HASHTABLE_NPAGE frames in the second wal file. The third hash
** table contains the next HASHTABLE_NPAGE frames in the first wal file,
** and so on.
**
** LOCKS
**
** Read-locks are simpler than for legacy wal mode. There are no locking
** slots that contain frame numbers. Instead, there are four distinct
** combinations of read locks a reader may hold:
**
**   WAL_LOCK_PART1:       "part" lock on first wal, none of second.
**   WAL_LOCK_PART1_FULL2: "part" lock on first wal, "full" of second.
**   WAL_LOCK_PART2: no lock on first wal, "part" lock on second.
**   WAL_LOCK_PART2_FULL1: "full" lock on first wal, "part" lock on second.
**
** When a reader reads the wal-index header as part of opening a read
** transaction, it takes a "part" lock on the current wal file. "Part" 
** because the wal file may grow while the read transaction is active, in 
** which case the reader would be reading only part of the wal file. 
** A part lock prevents a checkpointer from checkpointing the wal file 
** on which it is held.
**
** If there is data in the non-current wal file that has not been 
** checkpointed, the reader takes a "full" lock on that wal file. A 
** "full" lock indicates that the reader is using the entire wal file.
** A full lock prevents a writer from overwriting the wal file on which
** it is held, but does not prevent a checkpointer from checkpointing 
** it.
**
** There is still a single WRITER and a single CHECKPOINTER lock. The
** recovery procedure still takes the same exclusive lock on the entire
** range of SQLITE_SHM_NLOCK shm-locks. This works because the read-locks
** above use four of the six read-locking slots used by legacy wal mode.
**
** STARTUP/RECOVERY
**
** The read and write version fields of the database header in a wal2
** database are set to 0x03, instead of 0x02 as in legacy wal mode.
**
** The wal file format used in wal2 mode is the same as the format used
** in legacy wal mode. However, in order to support recovery, there are two
** differences in the way wal file header fields are populated, as follows:
**
**   * When the first wal file is first created, the "nCkpt" field in
**     the wal file header is set to 0. Thereafter, each time the writer
**     switches wal file, it sets the nCkpt field in the new wal file
**     header to ((nCkpt0 + 1) & 0x0F), where nCkpt0 is the value in
**     the previous wal file header. This means that the first wal file
**     always has an even value in the nCkpt field, and the second wal
**     file always has an odd value.
**
**   * When a writer switches wal file, it sets the salt values in the
**     new wal file to a copy of the checksum for the final frame in
**     the previous wal file.
**
** Recovery proceeds as follows:
**
** 1. Each wal file is recovered separately. Except, if the first wal 
**    file does not exist or is zero bytes in size, the second wal file
**    is truncated to zero bytes before it is "recovered".
**
** 2. If both wal files contain valid headers, then the nCkpt fields
**    are compared to see which of the two wal files is older. If the
**    salt keys in the second wal file match the final frame checksum 
**    in the older wal file, then both wal files are used. Otherwise,
**    the newer wal file is ignored.
**
** 3. Or, if only one or neither of the wal files has a valid header, 
**    then only a single or no wal files are recovered into the 
**    reconstructed wal-index.
**
** Refer to header comments for walIndexRecover() for further details.
*/

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL

#include "wal.h"

/*
** Trace output macros
*/
................................................................................
int sqlite3WalTrace = 0;
# define WALTRACE(X)  if(sqlite3WalTrace) sqlite3DebugPrintf X
#else
# define WALTRACE(X)
#endif

/*
** Both the wal-file and the wal-index contain version fields 
** indicating the current version of the system. If a client
** reads the header of a wal file (as part of recovery), or the
** wal-index (as part of opening a read transaction) and (a) the
** header checksum is correct but (b) the version field is not
** recognized, the operation fails with SQLITE_CANTOPEN.
**
** Currently, clients support both version-1 ("journal_mode=wal") and
** version-2 ("journal_mode=wal2"). Legacy clients may support version-1
** only.

*/
#define WAL_VERSION1 3007000      /* For "journal_mode=wal" */
#define WAL_VERSION2 3021000      /* For "journal_mode=wal2" */


/*
** Index numbers for various locking bytes.   WAL_NREADER is the number
** of available reader locks and should be at least 3.  The default
** is SQLITE_SHM_NLOCK==8 and  WAL_NREADER==5.
**
** Technically, the various VFSes are free to implement these locks however
................................................................................
#define WAL_WRITE_LOCK         0
#define WAL_ALL_BUT_WRITE      1
#define WAL_CKPT_LOCK          1
#define WAL_RECOVER_LOCK       2
#define WAL_READ_LOCK(I)       (3+(I))
#define WAL_NREADER            (SQLITE_SHM_NLOCK-3)

/*
** Values that may be stored in Wal.readLock in wal2 mode.
**
** In wal mode, the Wal.readLock member is set to -1 when no read-lock
** is held, or else is the index of the read-mark on which a lock is
** held.
**
** In wal2 mode, a value of -1 still indicates that no read-lock is held.
** And a non-zero value still represents the index of the read-mark on
** which a lock is held. There are two differences:
**
**   1. wal2 mode never uses read-mark 0.
**
**   2. locks on each read-mark have a different interpretation, as 
**      indicated by the symbolic names below.
*/
#define WAL_LOCK_NONE        -1
#define WAL_LOCK_PART1        1
#define WAL_LOCK_PART1_FULL2  2
#define WAL_LOCK_PART2_FULL1  3
#define WAL_LOCK_PART2        4

/* 
** This constant is used in wal2 mode only.
**
** In wal2 mode, when committing a transaction, if the current wal file 
** is sufficiently large and there are no conflicting locks held, the
** writer writes the new transaction into the start of the other wal
** file. Usually, "sufficiently large" is defined by the value configured
** using "PRAGMA journal_size_limit". However, if no such value has been
** configured, sufficiently large defaults to WAL_DEFAULT_WALSIZE frames.
*/
#define WAL_DEFAULT_WALSIZE 1000

/* Object declarations */
typedef struct WalIndexHdr WalIndexHdr;
typedef struct WalIterator WalIterator;
typedef struct WalCkptInfo WalCkptInfo;


................................................................................
** For all versions of SQLite through 3.10.0 and probably beyond,
** the locking bytes (WalCkptInfo.aLock) start at offset 120 and
** the total header size is 136 bytes.
**
** The szPage value can be any power of 2 between 512 and 32768, inclusive.
** Or it can be 1 to represent a 65536-byte page.  The latter case was
** added in 3.7.1 when support for 64K pages was added.  
**
** WAL2 mode notes: Member variable mxFrame2 is only used in wal2 mode
** (when iVersion is set to WAL_VERSION2). The lower 31 bits store
** the maximum frame number in file *-wal2. The most significant bit
** is a flag - set if clients are currently appending to *-wal2, clear
** otherwise.
*/
struct WalIndexHdr {
  u32 iVersion;                   /* Wal-index version */
  u32 mxFrame2;                   /* See "WAL2 mode notes" above */
  u32 iChange;                    /* Counter incremented each transaction */
  u8 isInit;                      /* 1 when initialized */
  u8 bigEndCksum;                 /* True if checksums in WAL are big-endian */
  u16 szPage;                     /* Database page size in bytes. 1==64K */
  u32 mxFrame;                    /* Index of last valid frame in each WAL */
  u32 nPage;                      /* Size of database in pages */
  u32 aFrameCksum[2];             /* Checksum of last frame in log */
  u32 aSalt[2];                   /* Two salt values copied from WAL header */
  u32 aCksum[2];                  /* Checksum over all prior fields */
};

/*
** The following macros and functions are get/set methods for the maximum
** frame numbers and current wal file values stored in the WalIndexHdr
** structure. These are helpful because of the unorthodox way in which
** the values are stored in wal2 mode (see above). They are equivalent
** to functions with the following signatures.
**
**   u32  walidxGetMxFrame(WalIndexHdr*, int iWal);          // get mxFrame
**   void walidxSetMxFrame(WalIndexHdr*, int iWal, u32 val); // set mxFrame
**   int  walidxGetFile(WalIndexHdr*)                        // get file
**   void walidxSetFile(WalIndexHdr*, int val);              // set file
*/
#define walidxGetMxFrame(pHdr, iWal) \
  ((iWal) ? ((pHdr)->mxFrame2 & 0x7FFFFFFF) : (pHdr)->mxFrame)

static void walidxSetMxFrame(WalIndexHdr *pHdr, int iWal, u32 mxFrame){
  if( iWal ){
    pHdr->mxFrame2 = (pHdr->mxFrame2 & 0x80000000) | mxFrame;
  }else{
    pHdr->mxFrame = mxFrame;
  }
  assert( walidxGetMxFrame(pHdr, iWal)==mxFrame );
}

#define walidxGetFile(pHdr) ((pHdr)->mxFrame2 >> 31)

#define walidxSetFile(pHdr, iWal) (                                   \
    (pHdr)->mxFrame2 = ((pHdr)->mxFrame2 & 0x7FFFFFFF) | ((iWal)<<31) \
)

/*
** Argument is a pointer to a Wal structure. Return true if the current
** cache of the wal-index header indicates "journal_mode=wal2" mode, or
** false otherwise.
*/
#define isWalMode2(pWal) ((pWal)->hdr.iVersion==WAL_VERSION2)

/*
** A copy of the following object occurs in the wal-index immediately
** following the second copy of the WalIndexHdr.  This object stores
** information used by checkpoint.
**
** nBackfill is the number of frames in the WAL that have been written
** back into the database. (We call the act of moving content from WAL to
................................................................................
/*
** An open write-ahead log file is represented by an instance of the
** following object.
*/
struct Wal {
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs;         /* The VFS used to create pDbFd */
  sqlite3_file *pDbFd;       /* File handle for the database file */
  sqlite3_file *apWalFd[2];  /* File handle for "*-wal" and "*-wal2" */
  u32 iCallback;             /* Value to pass to log callback (or 0) */
  i64 mxWalSize;             /* Truncate WAL to this size upon reset */
  int nWiData;               /* Size of array apWiData */
  int szFirstBlock;          /* Size of first block written to WAL file */
  volatile u32 **apWiData;   /* Pointer to wal-index content in memory */
  u32 szPage;                /* Database page size */
  i16 readLock;              /* Which read lock is being held.  -1 for none */
................................................................................
  u8 syncHeader;             /* Fsync the WAL header if true */
  u8 padToSectorBoundary;    /* Pad transactions out to the next sector */
  u8 bShmUnreliable;         /* SHM content is read-only and unreliable */
  WalIndexHdr hdr;           /* Wal-index header for current transaction */
  u32 minFrame;              /* Ignore wal frames before this one */
  u32 iReCksum;              /* On commit, recalculate checksums from here */
  const char *zWalName;      /* Name of WAL file */
  char *zWalName2;           /* Name of second WAL file */
  u32 nCkpt;                 /* Checkpoint sequence counter in the wal-header */
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  u8 lockError;              /* True if a locking error has occurred */
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT
  WalIndexHdr *pSnapshot;    /* Start transaction here if not NULL */
#endif
  int bWal2;                 /* bWal2 flag passed to WalOpen() */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SETLK_TIMEOUT
  sqlite3 *db;
#endif
};

/*
** Candidate values for Wal.exclusiveMode.
................................................................................
*/
static SQLITE_NO_TSAN void walIndexWriteHdr(Wal *pWal){
  volatile WalIndexHdr *aHdr = walIndexHdr(pWal);
  const int nCksum = offsetof(WalIndexHdr, aCksum);

  assert( pWal->writeLock );
  pWal->hdr.isInit = 1;
  assert( pWal->hdr.iVersion==WAL_VERSION1||pWal->hdr.iVersion==WAL_VERSION2 );
  walChecksumBytes(1, (u8*)&pWal->hdr, nCksum, 0, pWal->hdr.aCksum);
  /* Possible TSAN false-positive.  See tag-20200519-1 */
  memcpy((void*)&aHdr[1], (const void*)&pWal->hdr, sizeof(WalIndexHdr));
  walShmBarrier(pWal);
  memcpy((void*)&aHdr[0], (const void*)&pWal->hdr, sizeof(WalIndexHdr));
}

................................................................................
  */
  pgno = sqlite3Get4byte(&aFrame[0]);
  if( pgno==0 ){
    return 0;
  }

  /* A frame is only valid if a checksum of the WAL header,
  ** all prior frames, the first 16 bytes of this frame-header, 
  ** and the frame-data matches the checksum in the last 8 
  ** bytes of this frame-header.
  */
  nativeCksum = (pWal->hdr.bigEndCksum==SQLITE_BIGENDIAN);
  walChecksumBytes(nativeCksum, aFrame, 8, aCksum, aCksum);
  walChecksumBytes(nativeCksum, aData, pWal->szPage, aCksum, aCksum);
  if( aCksum[0]!=sqlite3Get4byte(&aFrame[16]) 
................................................................................
    }else{
      pLoc->iZero = HASHTABLE_NPAGE_ONE + (iHash-1)*HASHTABLE_NPAGE;
    }
    pLoc->aPgno = &pLoc->aPgno[-1];
  }
  return rc;
}

static u32 walExternalEncode(int iWal, u32 iFrame){
  u32 iRet;
  if( iWal ){
    iRet = HASHTABLE_NPAGE_ONE + iFrame;
    iRet += ((iFrame-1) / HASHTABLE_NPAGE) * HASHTABLE_NPAGE;
  }else{
    iRet = iFrame;
    iFrame += HASHTABLE_NPAGE - HASHTABLE_NPAGE_ONE;
    iRet += ((iFrame-1) / HASHTABLE_NPAGE) * HASHTABLE_NPAGE;
  }
  return iRet;
}

/*
** Parameter iExternal is an external frame identifier. This function
** transforms it to a wal file number (0 or 1) and frame number within
** this wal file (reported via output parameter *piRead).
*/
static int walExternalDecode(u32 iExternal, u32 *piRead){
  int iHash = (iExternal+HASHTABLE_NPAGE-HASHTABLE_NPAGE_ONE-1)/HASHTABLE_NPAGE;

  if( 0==(iHash & 0x01) ){
    /* A frame in wal file 0 */
    *piRead = (iExternal <= HASHTABLE_NPAGE_ONE) ? iExternal :
      iExternal - (iHash/2) * HASHTABLE_NPAGE;
    return 0;
  }

  *piRead = iExternal - HASHTABLE_NPAGE_ONE - ((iHash-1)/2) * HASHTABLE_NPAGE;
  return 1;
}

/*
** Return the number of the wal-index page that contains the hash-table
** and page-number array that contain entries corresponding to WAL frame
** iFrame. The wal-index is broken up into 32KB pages. Wal-index pages 
** are numbered starting from 0.
*/
................................................................................
       && (iHash>=1 || iFrame<=HASHTABLE_NPAGE_ONE)
       && (iHash<=1 || iFrame>(HASHTABLE_NPAGE_ONE+HASHTABLE_NPAGE))
       && (iHash>=2 || iFrame<=HASHTABLE_NPAGE_ONE+HASHTABLE_NPAGE)
       && (iHash<=2 || iFrame>(HASHTABLE_NPAGE_ONE+2*HASHTABLE_NPAGE))
  );
  return iHash;
}

/*
** Return the index of the hash-table corresponding to frame iFrame of wal
** file iWal.
*/
static int walFramePage2(int iWal, u32 iFrame){
  int iRet;
  assert( iWal==0 || iWal==1 );
  assert( iFrame>0 );
  if( iWal==0 ){
    iRet = 2*((iFrame+HASHTABLE_NPAGE-HASHTABLE_NPAGE_ONE-1)/HASHTABLE_NPAGE);
  }else{
    iRet = 1 + 2 * ((iFrame-1) / HASHTABLE_NPAGE);
  }
  return iRet;
}

/*
** Return the page number associated with frame iFrame in this WAL.
*/
static u32 walFramePgno(Wal *pWal, u32 iFrame){
  int iHash = walFramePage(iFrame);
  if( iHash==0 ){
    return pWal->apWiData[0][WALINDEX_HDR_SIZE/sizeof(u32) + iFrame - 1];
  }
  return pWal->apWiData[iHash][(iFrame-1-HASHTABLE_NPAGE_ONE)%HASHTABLE_NPAGE];
}

static u32 walFramePgno2(Wal *pWal, int iWal, u32 iFrame){
  return walFramePgno(pWal, walExternalEncode(iWal, iFrame));
}

/*
** Remove entries from the hash table that point to WAL slots greater
** than pWal->hdr.mxFrame.
**
** This function is called whenever pWal->hdr.mxFrame is decreased due
** to a rollback or savepoint.
................................................................................
*/
static void walCleanupHash(Wal *pWal){
  WalHashLoc sLoc;                /* Hash table location */
  int iLimit = 0;                 /* Zero values greater than this */
  int nByte;                      /* Number of bytes to zero in aPgno[] */
  int i;                          /* Used to iterate through aHash[] */
  int rc;                         /* Return code form walHashGet() */
  int iWal = walidxGetFile(&pWal->hdr);
  u32 mxFrame = walidxGetMxFrame(&pWal->hdr, iWal);

  u32 iExternal;
  if( isWalMode2(pWal) ){
    iExternal = walExternalEncode(iWal, mxFrame);
  }else{
    assert( iWal==0 );
    iExternal = mxFrame;
  }

  assert( pWal->writeLock );
  testcase( mxFrame==HASHTABLE_NPAGE_ONE-1 );
  testcase( mxFrame==HASHTABLE_NPAGE_ONE );
  testcase( mxFrame==HASHTABLE_NPAGE_ONE+1 );

  if( mxFrame==0 ) return;

  /* Obtain pointers to the hash-table and page-number array containing 
  ** the entry that corresponds to frame pWal->hdr.mxFrame. It is guaranteed
  ** that the page said hash-table and array reside on is already mapped.(1)
  */
  assert( pWal->nWiData>walFramePage(iExternal) );
  assert( pWal->apWiData[walFramePage(iExternal)] );
  rc = walHashGet(pWal, walFramePage(iExternal), &sLoc);
  if( NEVER(rc) ) return; /* Defense-in-depth, in case (1) above is wrong */

  /* Zero all hash-table entries that correspond to frame numbers greater
  ** than pWal->hdr.mxFrame.
  */
  iLimit = iExternal - sLoc.iZero;
  assert( iLimit>0 );
  for(i=0; i<HASHTABLE_NSLOT; i++){
    if( sLoc.aHash[i]>iLimit ){
      sLoc.aHash[i] = 0;
    }
  }
  
  /* Zero the entries in the aPgno array that correspond to frames with
  ** frame numbers greater than pWal->hdr.mxFrame.  */

  nByte = (int)((char *)sLoc.aHash - (char *)&sLoc.aPgno[iLimit+1]);
  memset((void *)&sLoc.aPgno[iLimit+1], 0, nByte);

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_EXPENSIVE_ASSERT
  /* Verify that the every entry in the mapping region is still reachable
  ** via the hash table even after the cleanup.
  */
................................................................................
      }
      assert( sLoc.aHash[iKey]==j );
    }
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_EXPENSIVE_ASSERT */
}


/*
** Set an entry in the wal-index that will map database page number
** pPage into WAL frame iFrame.
*/
static int walIndexAppend(Wal *pWal, int iWal, u32 iFrame, u32 iPage){
  int rc;                         /* Return code */
  WalHashLoc sLoc;                /* Wal-index hash table location */
  u32 iExternal;
  
  if( isWalMode2(pWal) ){
    iExternal = walExternalEncode(iWal, iFrame);
  }else{
    assert( iWal==0 );
    iExternal = iFrame;
  }

  rc = walHashGet(pWal, walFramePage(iExternal), &sLoc);

  /* Assuming the wal-index file was successfully mapped, populate the
  ** page number array and hash table entry.
  */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    int iKey;                     /* Hash table key */
    int idx;                      /* Value to write to hash-table slot */
    int nCollide;                 /* Number of hash collisions */

    idx = iExternal - sLoc.iZero;
    assert( idx <= HASHTABLE_NSLOT/2 + 1 );
    
    /* If this is the first entry to be added to this hash-table, zero the
    ** entire hash table and aPgno[] array before proceeding. 
    */
    if( idx==1 ){
      int nByte = (int)((u8 *)&sLoc.aHash[HASHTABLE_NSLOT]
................................................................................
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_EXPENSIVE_ASSERT */
  }


  return rc;
}

/*
** Recover a single wal file - *-wal if iWal==0, or *-wal2 if iWal==1.
*/
static int walIndexRecoverOne(Wal *pWal, int iWal, u32 *pnCkpt, int *pbZero){
  i64 nSize;                      /* Size of log file */
  u32 aFrameCksum[2] = {0, 0};
  int rc;
  sqlite3_file *pWalFd = pWal->apWalFd[iWal];

  assert( iWal==0 || iWal==1 );

  memset(&pWal->hdr, 0, sizeof(WalIndexHdr));
  sqlite3_randomness(8, pWal->hdr.aSalt);

  rc = sqlite3OsFileSize(pWalFd, &nSize);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( nSize>WAL_HDRSIZE ){
      u8 aBuf[WAL_HDRSIZE];         /* Buffer to load WAL header into */
      u8 *aFrame = 0;               /* Malloc'd buffer to load entire frame */
      int szFrame;                  /* Number of bytes in buffer aFrame[] */
      u8 *aData;                    /* Pointer to data part of aFrame buffer */
      int iFrame;                   /* Index of last frame read */
      i64 iOffset;                  /* Next offset to read from log file */
      int szPage;                   /* Page size according to the log */
      u32 magic;                    /* Magic value read from WAL header */
      u32 version;                  /* Magic value read from WAL header */
      int isValid;                  /* True if this frame is valid */
  
      /* Read in the WAL header. */
      rc = sqlite3OsRead(pWalFd, aBuf, WAL_HDRSIZE, 0);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        return rc;
      }
  
      /* If the database page size is not a power of two, or is greater than
      ** SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE, conclude that the WAL file contains no valid 
      ** data. Similarly, if the 'magic' value is invalid, ignore the whole
      ** WAL file.
      */
      magic = sqlite3Get4byte(&aBuf[0]);
      szPage = sqlite3Get4byte(&aBuf[8]);
      if( (magic&0xFFFFFFFE)!=WAL_MAGIC 
       || szPage&(szPage-1) 
       || szPage>SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE 
       || szPage<512 
      ){
        return SQLITE_OK;
      }
      pWal->hdr.bigEndCksum = (u8)(magic&0x00000001);
      pWal->szPage = szPage;
  
      /* Verify that the WAL header checksum is correct */
      walChecksumBytes(pWal->hdr.bigEndCksum==SQLITE_BIGENDIAN, 
          aBuf, WAL_HDRSIZE-2*4, 0, pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum
      );
      if( pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[0]!=sqlite3Get4byte(&aBuf[24])
       || pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[1]!=sqlite3Get4byte(&aBuf[28])
      ){
        return SQLITE_OK;
      }
  
      memcpy(&pWal->hdr.aSalt, &aBuf[16], 8);
      *pnCkpt = sqlite3Get4byte(&aBuf[12]);
  
      /* Verify that the version number on the WAL format is one that
      ** are able to understand */
      version = sqlite3Get4byte(&aBuf[4]);
      if( version!=WAL_VERSION1 && version!=WAL_VERSION2 ){
        return SQLITE_CANTOPEN_BKPT;
      }
      pWal->hdr.iVersion = version;
  
      /* Malloc a buffer to read frames into. */
      szFrame = szPage + WAL_FRAME_HDRSIZE;
      aFrame = (u8 *)sqlite3_malloc64(szFrame);
      if( !aFrame ){
        return SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
      }
      aData = &aFrame[WAL_FRAME_HDRSIZE];
  
      /* Read all frames from the log file. */
      iFrame = 0;
      for(iOffset=WAL_HDRSIZE; (iOffset+szFrame)<=nSize; iOffset+=szFrame){
        u32 pgno;                   /* Database page number for frame */
        u32 nTruncate;              /* dbsize field from frame header */
  
        /* Read and decode the next log frame. */
        iFrame++;
        rc = sqlite3OsRead(pWalFd, aFrame, szFrame, iOffset);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) break;
        isValid = walDecodeFrame(pWal, &pgno, &nTruncate, aData, aFrame);
        if( !isValid ) break;
        rc = walIndexAppend(pWal, iWal, iFrame, pgno);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) break;
  
        /* If nTruncate is non-zero, this is a commit record. */
        if( nTruncate ){
          pWal->hdr.mxFrame = iFrame;
          pWal->hdr.nPage = nTruncate;
          pWal->hdr.szPage = (u16)((szPage&0xff00) | (szPage>>16));
          testcase( szPage<=32768 );
          testcase( szPage>=65536 );
          aFrameCksum[0] = pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[0];
          aFrameCksum[1] = pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[1];
        }
      }
  
      sqlite3_free(aFrame);
    }else if( pbZero ){
      *pbZero = 1;
    }
  }

  pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[0] = aFrameCksum[0];
  pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[1] = aFrameCksum[1];

  return rc;
}

static int walOpenWal2(Wal *pWal){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  if( !isOpen(pWal->apWalFd[1]) ){
    int f = (SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE|SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE|SQLITE_OPEN_WAL);
    rc = sqlite3OsOpen(pWal->pVfs, pWal->zWalName2, pWal->apWalFd[1], f, &f);
  }
  return rc;
}

static int walTruncateWal2(Wal *pWal){
  int bIs;
  int rc;
  assert( !isOpen(pWal->apWalFd[1]) );
  rc = sqlite3OsAccess(pWal->pVfs, pWal->zWalName2, SQLITE_ACCESS_EXISTS, &bIs);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && bIs ){
    rc = walOpenWal2(pWal);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = sqlite3OsTruncate(pWal->apWalFd[1], 0);
      sqlite3OsClose(pWal->apWalFd[1]);
    }
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Recover the wal-index by reading the write-ahead log file. 
**
** This routine first tries to establish an exclusive lock on the
** wal-index to prevent other threads/processes from doing anything
** with the WAL or wal-index while recovery is running.  The
** WAL_RECOVER_LOCK is also held so that other threads will know
** that this thread is running recovery.  If unable to establish
** the necessary locks, this routine returns SQLITE_BUSY.
*/
static int walIndexRecover(Wal *pWal){
  int rc;                         /* Return Code */


  int iLock;                      /* Lock offset to lock for checkpoint */
  u32 nCkpt1 = 0xFFFFFFFF;
  u32 nCkpt2 = 0xFFFFFFFF;
  int bZero = 0;
  WalIndexHdr hdr;

  /* Obtain an exclusive lock on all byte in the locking range not already
  ** locked by the caller. The caller is guaranteed to have locked the
  ** WAL_WRITE_LOCK byte, and may have also locked the WAL_CKPT_LOCK byte.
  ** If successful, the same bytes that are locked here are unlocked before
  ** this function returns.
  */
................................................................................
  }
  if( rc ){
    return rc;
  }

  WALTRACE(("WAL%p: recovery begin...\n", pWal));

  /* Recover the *-wal file. If a valid version-1 header is recovered
  ** from it, do not open the *-wal2 file. Even if it exists.
  **
  ** Otherwise, if the *-wal2 file exists or if the "wal2" flag was 
  ** specified when sqlite3WalOpen() was called, open and recover
  ** the *-wal2 file. Except, if the *-wal file was zero bytes in size,
  ** truncate the *-wal2 to zero bytes in size.
  **
  ** After this block has run, if the *-wal2 file is open the system
  ** starts up in VERSION2 mode. In this case pWal->hdr contains the 
  ** wal-index header considering only *-wal2. Stack variable hdr
  ** contains the wal-index header considering only *-wal. The hash 
  ** tables are populated for both.  
  **
  ** Or, if the *-wal2 file is not open, start up in VERSION1 mode.
  ** pWal->hdr is already populated.
  */
  rc = walIndexRecoverOne(pWal, 0, &nCkpt1, &bZero);
  assert( pWal->hdr.iVersion==0 
      || pWal->hdr.iVersion==WAL_VERSION1 
      || pWal->hdr.iVersion==WAL_VERSION2 
  );
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && bZero ){
    rc = walTruncateWal2(pWal);
  }

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pWal->hdr.iVersion!=WAL_VERSION1 ){
    int bOpen = 1;
    sqlite3_vfs *pVfs = pWal->pVfs;
    if( pWal->hdr.iVersion==0 && pWal->bWal2==0 ){
      rc = sqlite3OsAccess(pVfs, pWal->zWalName2, SQLITE_ACCESS_EXISTS, &bOpen);
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && bOpen ){
      rc = walOpenWal2(pWal);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){

        hdr = pWal->hdr;
        rc = walIndexRecoverOne(pWal, 1, &nCkpt2, 0);
      }
    }











  }





  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    volatile WalCkptInfo *pInfo;












    if( isOpen(pWal->apWalFd[1]) ){
      /* The case where *-wal2 may follow *-wal */
      if( nCkpt2<=0x0F && nCkpt2==nCkpt1+1 ){
        if( sqlite3Get4byte((u8*)(&pWal->hdr.aSalt[0]))==hdr.aFrameCksum[0]
         && sqlite3Get4byte((u8*)(&pWal->hdr.aSalt[1]))==hdr.aFrameCksum[1]
        ){

          walidxSetFile(&pWal->hdr, 1);
          walidxSetMxFrame(&pWal->hdr, 1, pWal->hdr.mxFrame);
          walidxSetMxFrame(&pWal->hdr, 0, hdr.mxFrame);
        }else{
          pWal->hdr = hdr;
        }




      }else





      /* When *-wal may follow *-wal2 */
      if( (nCkpt2==0x0F && nCkpt1==0) || (nCkpt2<0x0F && nCkpt2==nCkpt1-1) ){
        if( sqlite3Get4byte((u8*)(&hdr.aSalt[0]))==pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[0]
         && sqlite3Get4byte((u8*)(&hdr.aSalt[1]))==pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[1]
        ){











          SWAP(WalIndexHdr, pWal->hdr, hdr);
          walidxSetMxFrame(&pWal->hdr, 1, hdr.mxFrame);
        }else{
          walidxSetFile(&pWal->hdr, 1);
          walidxSetMxFrame(&pWal->hdr, 1, pWal->hdr.mxFrame);
          walidxSetMxFrame(&pWal->hdr, 0, 0);
        }
      }else

      /* Fallback */
      if( nCkpt1<=nCkpt2 ){
        pWal->hdr = hdr;
      }else{
        walidxSetFile(&pWal->hdr, 1);












        walidxSetMxFrame(&pWal->hdr, 1, pWal->hdr.mxFrame);






        walidxSetMxFrame(&pWal->hdr, 0, 0);
      }
      pWal->hdr.iVersion = WAL_VERSION2;
    }else{
      pWal->hdr.iVersion = WAL_VERSION1;
    }










    walIndexWriteHdr(pWal);

    /* Reset the checkpoint-header. This is safe because this thread is 
    ** currently holding locks that exclude all other readers, writers and
    ** checkpointers.  */

    pInfo = walCkptInfo(pWal);

    memset((void*)pInfo, 0, sizeof(WalCkptInfo));
    if( 0==isWalMode2(pWal) ){
      int i;
      pInfo->nBackfillAttempted = pWal->hdr.mxFrame;
      pInfo->aReadMark[0] = 0;
      for(i=1; i<WAL_NREADER; i++) pInfo->aReadMark[i] = READMARK_NOT_USED;
      if( pWal->hdr.mxFrame ) pInfo->aReadMark[1] = pWal->hdr.mxFrame;
    }

    /* If more than one frame was recovered from the log file, report an
    ** event via sqlite3_log(). This is to help with identifying performance
    ** problems caused by applications routinely shutting down without
    ** checkpointing the log file.  */

    if( pWal->hdr.nPage ){
      if( isWalMode2(pWal) ){
        sqlite3_log(SQLITE_NOTICE_RECOVER_WAL,
            "recovered (%d,%d) frames from WAL files %s[2] (wal2 mode)",
            walidxGetMxFrame(&pWal->hdr, 0), walidxGetMxFrame(&pWal->hdr, 1), 
            pWal->zWalName
        );
      }else{
        sqlite3_log(SQLITE_NOTICE_RECOVER_WAL,
            "recovered %d frames from WAL file %s",
            pWal->hdr.mxFrame, pWal->zWalName
        );
      }
    }
  }


  WALTRACE(("WAL%p: recovery %s\n", pWal, rc ? "failed" : "ok"));
  walUnlockExclusive(pWal, iLock, WAL_READ_LOCK(0)-iLock);
  walUnlockExclusive(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(1), WAL_NREADER-1);
  return rc;
}

/*
** Close an open wal-index and wal files.
*/
static void walIndexClose(Wal *pWal, int isDelete){
  if( pWal->exclusiveMode==WAL_HEAPMEMORY_MODE || pWal->bShmUnreliable ){
    int i;
    for(i=0; i<pWal->nWiData; i++){
      sqlite3_free((void *)pWal->apWiData[i]);
      pWal->apWiData[i] = 0;
    }
  }
  if( pWal->exclusiveMode!=WAL_HEAPMEMORY_MODE ){
    sqlite3OsShmUnmap(pWal->pDbFd, isDelete);
  }
  sqlite3OsClose(pWal->apWalFd[0]);
  sqlite3OsClose(pWal->apWalFd[1]);
}

/* 
** Open a connection to the WAL file zWalName. The database file must 
** already be opened on connection pDbFd. The buffer that zWalName points
** to must remain valid for the lifetime of the returned Wal* handle.
**
................................................................................
*/
int sqlite3WalOpen(
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs,              /* vfs module to open wal and wal-index */
  sqlite3_file *pDbFd,            /* The open database file */
  const char *zWalName,           /* Name of the WAL file */
  int bNoShm,                     /* True to run in heap-memory mode */
  i64 mxWalSize,                  /* Truncate WAL to this size on reset */
  int bWal2,                      /* True to open in wal2 mode */
  Wal **ppWal                     /* OUT: Allocated Wal handle */
){
  int rc;                         /* Return Code */
  Wal *pRet;                      /* Object to allocate and return */
  int flags;                      /* Flags passed to OsOpen() */
  int nWalName;                   /* Length of zWalName in bytes */
  int nByte;                      /* Bytes of space to allocate */

  assert( zWalName && zWalName[0] );
  assert( pDbFd );

  /* In the amalgamation, the os_unix.c and os_win.c source files come before
  ** this source file.  Verify that the #defines of the locking byte offsets
  ** in os_unix.c and os_win.c agree with the WALINDEX_LOCK_OFFSET value.
................................................................................
#ifdef WIN_SHM_BASE
  assert( WIN_SHM_BASE==WALINDEX_LOCK_OFFSET );
#endif
#ifdef UNIX_SHM_BASE
  assert( UNIX_SHM_BASE==WALINDEX_LOCK_OFFSET );
#endif

  nWalName = sqlite3Strlen30(zWalName);
  nByte = sizeof(Wal) + pVfs->szOsFile*2 + nWalName+2;

  /* Allocate an instance of struct Wal to return. */
  *ppWal = 0;
  pRet = (Wal*)sqlite3MallocZero(nByte);
  if( !pRet ){
    return SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
  }

  pRet->pVfs = pVfs;
  pRet->apWalFd[0] = (sqlite3_file*)((char*)pRet+sizeof(Wal));
  pRet->apWalFd[1] = (sqlite3_file*)((char*)pRet+sizeof(Wal)+pVfs->szOsFile);
  pRet->pDbFd = pDbFd;
  pRet->readLock = WAL_LOCK_NONE;
  pRet->mxWalSize = mxWalSize;
  pRet->zWalName = zWalName;
  pRet->syncHeader = 1;
  pRet->padToSectorBoundary = 1;
  pRet->exclusiveMode = (bNoShm ? WAL_HEAPMEMORY_MODE: WAL_NORMAL_MODE);
  pRet->bWal2 = bWal2;

  pRet->zWalName2 = (char*)pRet + sizeof(Wal) + 2*pVfs->szOsFile;
  memcpy(pRet->zWalName2, zWalName, nWalName);
  pRet->zWalName2[nWalName] = '2';
  pRet->zWalName2[nWalName+1] = '\0';

  /* Open a file handle on the first write-ahead log file. */
  flags = (SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE|SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE|SQLITE_OPEN_WAL);
  rc = sqlite3OsOpen(pVfs, zWalName, pRet->apWalFd[0], flags, &flags);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && flags&SQLITE_OPEN_READONLY ){
    pRet->readOnly = WAL_RDONLY;
  }

  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    walIndexClose(pRet, 0);

    sqlite3_free(pRet);
  }else{
    int iDC = sqlite3OsDeviceCharacteristics(pDbFd);
    if( iDC & SQLITE_IOCAP_SEQUENTIAL ){ pRet->syncHeader = 0; }
    if( iDC & SQLITE_IOCAP_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE ){
      pRet->padToSectorBoundary = 0;
    }
................................................................................
*/
static void walIteratorFree(WalIterator *p){
  sqlite3_free(p);
}

/*
** Construct a WalInterator object that can be used to loop over all 
** pages in wal file iWal following frame nBackfill in ascending order. Frames
** nBackfill or earlier may be included - excluding them is an optimization
** only. The caller must hold the checkpoint lock.
**
** On success, make *pp point to the newly allocated WalIterator object
** and return SQLITE_OK. Otherwise, return an error code. If this routine
** returns an error, the final value of *pp is undefined.
**
** The calling routine should invoke walIteratorFree() to destroy the
** WalIterator object when it has finished with it.
*/
static int walIteratorInit(
  Wal *pWal, 
  int iWal, 
  u32 nBackfill, 
  WalIterator **pp
){
  WalIterator *p;                 /* Return value */
  int nSegment;                   /* Number of segments to merge */
  u32 iLast;                      /* Last frame in log */
  sqlite3_int64 nByte;            /* Number of bytes to allocate */
  int i;                          /* Iterator variable */
  int iLastSeg;                   /* Last hash table to iterate though */
  ht_slot *aTmp;                  /* Temp space used by merge-sort */
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;             /* Return Code */
  int iMode = isWalMode2(pWal) ? 2 : 1;

  assert( isWalMode2(pWal) || iWal==0 );
  assert( 0==isWalMode2(pWal) || nBackfill==0 );

  /* This routine only runs while holding the checkpoint lock. And
  ** it only runs if there is actually content in the log (mxFrame>0).
  */
  iLast = walidxGetMxFrame(&pWal->hdr, iWal);
  assert( pWal->ckptLock && iLast>0 );


  if( iMode==2 ){
    iLastSeg = walFramePage2(iWal, iLast);
  }else{
    iLastSeg = walFramePage(iLast);
  }
  nSegment = 1 + (iLastSeg/iMode);

  /* Allocate space for the WalIterator object. */

  nByte = sizeof(WalIterator) 
        + (nSegment-1)*sizeof(struct WalSegment)
        + iLast*sizeof(ht_slot);
  p = (WalIterator *)sqlite3_malloc64(nByte);
  if( !p ){
    return SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
  }
................................................................................
  aTmp = (ht_slot *)sqlite3_malloc64(
      sizeof(ht_slot) * (iLast>HASHTABLE_NPAGE?HASHTABLE_NPAGE:iLast)
  );
  if( !aTmp ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
  }

  i = iMode==2 ? iWal : walFramePage(nBackfill+1);
  for(; rc==SQLITE_OK && i<=iLastSeg; i+=iMode){
    WalHashLoc sLoc;

    rc = walHashGet(pWal, i, &sLoc);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      int j;                      /* Counter variable */
      int nEntry;                 /* Number of entries in this segment */
      ht_slot *aIndex;            /* Sorted index for this segment */
      u32 iZero;

      if( iMode==2 ){
        walExternalDecode(sLoc.iZero+1, &iZero);
        iZero--;
        assert( iZero==0 || i>=2 );
      }else{
        iZero = sLoc.iZero;
      }

      sLoc.aPgno++;

      if( i==iLastSeg ){
        nEntry = (int)(iLast - iZero);
      }else{
        nEntry = (int)((u32*)sLoc.aHash - (u32*)sLoc.aPgno);
      }
      aIndex = &((ht_slot *)&p->aSegment[p->nSegment])[iZero];
      iZero++;
  
      for(j=0; j<nEntry; j++){
        aIndex[j] = (ht_slot)j;
      }
      walMergesort((u32*)sLoc.aPgno, aTmp, aIndex, &nEntry);
      p->aSegment[i/iMode].iZero = iZero;
      p->aSegment[i/iMode].nEntry = nEntry;
      p->aSegment[i/iMode].aIndex = aIndex;
      p->aSegment[i/iMode].aPgno = (u32*)sLoc.aPgno;
    }
  }
  sqlite3_free(aTmp);

  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    walIteratorFree(p);
    p = 0;
................................................................................
** new wal-index header. It should be passed a pseudo-random value (i.e. 
** one obtained from sqlite3_randomness()).
*/
static void walRestartHdr(Wal *pWal, u32 salt1){
  volatile WalCkptInfo *pInfo = walCkptInfo(pWal);
  int i;                          /* Loop counter */
  u32 *aSalt = pWal->hdr.aSalt;   /* Big-endian salt values */
  assert( isWalMode2(pWal)==0 );
  pWal->nCkpt++;
  pWal->hdr.mxFrame = 0;
  sqlite3Put4byte((u8*)&aSalt[0], 1 + sqlite3Get4byte((u8*)&aSalt[0]));
  memcpy(&pWal->hdr.aSalt[1], &salt1, 4);
  walIndexWriteHdr(pWal);
  AtomicStore(&pInfo->nBackfill, 0);
  pInfo->nBackfillAttempted = 0;
  pInfo->aReadMark[1] = 0;
  for(i=2; i<WAL_NREADER; i++) pInfo->aReadMark[i] = READMARK_NOT_USED;
  assert( pInfo->aReadMark[0]==0 );
}

/*
** This function is used in wal2 mode.
**
** This function is called when writer pWal is just about to start 
** writing out frames. Parameter iApp is the current wal file. The "other" wal
** file (wal file !iApp) has been fully checkpointed. This function returns
** SQLITE_OK if there are no readers preventing the writer from switching to
** the other wal file. Or SQLITE_BUSY if there are.
*/
static int wal2RestartOk(Wal *pWal, int iApp){
  /* The other wal file (wal file !iApp) can be overwritten if there
  ** are no readers reading from it - no "full" or "partial" locks.
  ** Technically speaking it is not possible for any reader to hold
  ** a "part" lock, as this would have prevented the file from being
  ** checkpointed. But checking anyway doesn't hurt. The following
  ** is equivalent to:
  **
  **   if( iApp==0 ) eLock = WAL_LOCK_PART1_FULL2;
  **   if( iApp==1 ) eLock = WAL_LOCK_PART1;
  */
  int eLock = 1 + (iApp==0);

  assert( WAL_LOCK_PART1==1 );
  assert( WAL_LOCK_PART1_FULL2==2 );
  assert( WAL_LOCK_PART2_FULL1==3 );
  assert( WAL_LOCK_PART2==4 );

  assert( iApp!=0 || eLock==WAL_LOCK_PART1_FULL2 );
  assert( iApp!=1 || eLock==WAL_LOCK_PART1 );

  return walLockExclusive(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(eLock), 3);
}
static void wal2RestartFinished(Wal *pWal, int iApp){
  walUnlockExclusive(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(1 + (iApp==0)), 3);
}

/*
** This function is used in wal2 mode.
**
** This function is called when a checkpointer wishes to checkpoint wal
** file iCkpt. It takes the required lock and, if successful, returns
** SQLITE_OK. Otherwise, an SQLite error code (e.g. SQLITE_BUSY). If this
** function returns SQLITE_OK, it is the responsibility of the caller
** to invoke wal2CheckpointFinished() to release the lock.
*/
static int wal2CheckpointOk(Wal *pWal, int iCkpt){
  int eLock = 1 + (iCkpt*2);

  assert( WAL_LOCK_PART1==1 );
  assert( WAL_LOCK_PART1_FULL2==2 );
  assert( WAL_LOCK_PART2_FULL1==3 );
  assert( WAL_LOCK_PART2==4 );

  assert( iCkpt!=0 || eLock==WAL_LOCK_PART1 );
  assert( iCkpt!=1 || eLock==WAL_LOCK_PART2_FULL1 );

  return walLockExclusive(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(eLock), 2);
}
static void wal2CheckpointFinished(Wal *pWal, int iCkpt){
  walUnlockExclusive(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(1 + (iCkpt*2)), 2);
}

/*
** Copy as much content as we can from the WAL back into the database file
** in response to an sqlite3_wal_checkpoint() request or the equivalent.
**
** The amount of information copies from WAL to database might be limited
** by active readers.  This routine will never overwrite a database page
................................................................................
  WalIterator *pIter = 0;         /* Wal iterator context */
  u32 iDbpage = 0;                /* Next database page to write */
  u32 iFrame = 0;                 /* Wal frame containing data for iDbpage */
  u32 mxSafeFrame;                /* Max frame that can be backfilled */
  u32 mxPage;                     /* Max database page to write */
  int i;                          /* Loop counter */
  volatile WalCkptInfo *pInfo;    /* The checkpoint status information */
  int bWal2 = isWalMode2(pWal);   /* True for wal2 connections */
  int iCkpt = bWal2 ? !walidxGetFile(&pWal->hdr) : 0;

  mxSafeFrame = walidxGetMxFrame(&pWal->hdr, iCkpt);
  szPage = walPagesize(pWal);
  testcase( szPage<=32768 );
  testcase( szPage>=65536 );
  pInfo = walCkptInfo(pWal);
  if( (bWal2==1 && pInfo->nBackfill==0 && mxSafeFrame) 
   || (bWal2==0 && pInfo->nBackfill<mxSafeFrame)
  ){
    sqlite3_file *pWalFd = pWal->apWalFd[iCkpt];
    mxPage = pWal->hdr.nPage;

    /* If this is a wal2 system, check for a reader holding a lock 
    ** preventing this checkpoint operation. If one is found, return
    ** early.  */
    if( bWal2 ){
      rc = wal2CheckpointOk(pWal, iCkpt);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
    }

    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-62920-47450 The busy-handler callback is never invoked
    ** in the SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE mode. */
    assert( eMode!=SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE || xBusy==0 );

    /* If this is a wal system (not wal2), compute in mxSafeFrame the index 
    ** of the last frame of the WAL that is safe to write into the database.
    ** Frames beyond mxSafeFrame might overwrite database pages that are in 
    ** use by active readers and thus cannot be backfilled from the WAL.
    */
    if( bWal2==0 ){
      mxSafeFrame = pWal->hdr.mxFrame;
      mxPage = pWal->hdr.nPage;
      for(i=1; i<WAL_NREADER; i++){
        u32 y = AtomicLoad(pInfo->aReadMark+i);
        if( mxSafeFrame>y ){
          assert( y<=pWal->hdr.mxFrame );
          rc = walBusyLock(pWal, xBusy, pBusyArg, WAL_READ_LOCK(i), 1);
          if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
            u32 iMark = (i==1 ? mxSafeFrame : READMARK_NOT_USED);
            AtomicStore(pInfo->aReadMark+i, iMark);
            walUnlockExclusive(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(i), 1);
          }else if( rc==SQLITE_BUSY ){
            mxSafeFrame = y;
            xBusy = 0;
          }else{
            goto walcheckpoint_out;
          }
        }
      }
    }

    /* Allocate the iterator */
    if( bWal2 || pInfo->nBackfill<mxSafeFrame ){
      assert( bWal2==0 || pInfo->nBackfill==0 );
      rc = walIteratorInit(pWal, iCkpt, pInfo->nBackfill, &pIter);
      assert( rc==SQLITE_OK || pIter==0 );
    }

    if( pIter && (bWal2 
     || (rc = walBusyLock(pWal, xBusy, pBusyArg,WAL_READ_LOCK(0),1))==SQLITE_OK
    )){
      u32 nBackfill = pInfo->nBackfill;

      assert( bWal2==0 || nBackfill==0 );
      pInfo->nBackfillAttempted = mxSafeFrame;


      /* Sync the wal file being checkpointed to disk */
      rc = sqlite3OsSync(pWalFd, CKPT_SYNC_FLAGS(sync_flags));

      /* If the database may grow as a result of this checkpoint, hint
      ** about the eventual size of the db file to the VFS layer.  */

      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        i64 nReq = ((i64)mxPage * szPage);
        i64 nSize;                    /* Current size of database file */
        sqlite3OsFileControl(pWal->pDbFd, SQLITE_FCNTL_CKPT_START, 0);
        rc = sqlite3OsFileSize(pWal->pDbFd, &nSize);
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK && nSize<nReq ){
          sqlite3OsFileControlHint(pWal->pDbFd, SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_HINT, &nReq);
        }
      }


      /* Iterate through the contents of the WAL, copying data to the db file */
      while( rc==SQLITE_OK && 0==walIteratorNext(pIter, &iDbpage, &iFrame) ){
        i64 iOffset;

        assert( bWal2==1 || walFramePgno(pWal, iFrame)==iDbpage );
        assert( bWal2==0 || walFramePgno2(pWal, iCkpt, iFrame)==iDbpage );

        if( AtomicLoad(&db->u1.isInterrupted) ){
          rc = db->mallocFailed ? SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT : SQLITE_INTERRUPT;
          break;
        }
        if( iFrame<=nBackfill || iFrame>mxSafeFrame || iDbpage>mxPage ){
          assert( bWal2==0 || iDbpage>mxPage );
          continue;
        }
        iOffset = walFrameOffset(iFrame, szPage) + WAL_FRAME_HDRSIZE;
        WALTRACE(("WAL%p: checkpoint frame %d of wal %d to db page %d\n",
              pWal, (int)iFrame, iCkpt, (int)iDbpage
        ));
        /* testcase( IS_BIG_INT(iOffset) ); // requires a 4GiB WAL file */
        rc = sqlite3OsRead(pWalFd, zBuf, szPage, iOffset);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) break;
        iOffset = (iDbpage-1)*(i64)szPage;
        testcase( IS_BIG_INT(iOffset) );
        rc = sqlite3OsWrite(pWal->pDbFd, zBuf, szPage, iOffset);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) break;
      }
      sqlite3OsFileControl(pWal->pDbFd, SQLITE_FCNTL_CKPT_DONE, 0);

      /* If work was actually accomplished, truncate the db file, sync the wal
      ** file and set WalCkptInfo.nBackfill to indicate so. */
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK && (bWal2 || mxSafeFrame==walIndexHdr(pWal)->mxFrame) ){
        if( !bWal2 ){
          i64 szDb = pWal->hdr.nPage*(i64)szPage;
          testcase( IS_BIG_INT(szDb) );
          rc = sqlite3OsTruncate(pWal->pDbFd, szDb);
        }
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          rc = sqlite3OsSync(pWal->pDbFd, CKPT_SYNC_FLAGS(sync_flags));
        }
      }
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        AtomicStore(&pInfo->nBackfill, (bWal2 ? 1 : mxSafeFrame));
      }


      /* Release the reader lock held while backfilling */
      if( bWal2==0 ){
        walUnlockExclusive(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(0), 1);
      }
    }

    if( rc==SQLITE_BUSY ){
      /* Reset the return code so as not to report a checkpoint failure
      ** just because there are active readers.  */
      rc = SQLITE_OK;
    }
    if( bWal2 ) wal2CheckpointFinished(pWal, iCkpt);
  }

  /* If this is an SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_RESTART or TRUNCATE operation, and the
  ** entire wal file has been copied into the database file, then block 
  ** until all readers have finished using the wal file. This ensures that 
  ** the next process to write to the database restarts the wal file.
  */
  if( bWal2==0 && rc==SQLITE_OK && eMode!=SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE ){
    assert( pWal->writeLock );
    if( pInfo->nBackfill<pWal->hdr.mxFrame ){
      rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
    }else if( eMode>=SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_RESTART ){
      u32 salt1;
      sqlite3_randomness(4, &salt1);
      assert( pInfo->nBackfill==pWal->hdr.mxFrame );
................................................................................
          ** writer clients should see that the entire log file has been
          ** checkpointed and behave accordingly. This seems unsafe though,
          ** as it would leave the system in a state where the contents of
          ** the wal-index header do not match the contents of the 
          ** file-system. To avoid this, update the wal-index header to
          ** indicate that the log file contains zero valid frames.  */
          walRestartHdr(pWal, salt1);
          rc = sqlite3OsTruncate(pWal->apWalFd[0], 0);
        }
        walUnlockExclusive(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(1), WAL_NREADER-1);
      }
    }
  }

 walcheckpoint_out:
................................................................................
}

/*
** If the WAL file is currently larger than nMax bytes in size, truncate
** it to exactly nMax bytes. If an error occurs while doing so, ignore it.
*/
static void walLimitSize(Wal *pWal, i64 nMax){
  if( isWalMode2(pWal)==0 ){
    i64 sz;
    int rx;
    sqlite3BeginBenignMalloc();
    rx = sqlite3OsFileSize(pWal->apWalFd[0], &sz);
    if( rx==SQLITE_OK && (sz > nMax ) ){
      rx = sqlite3OsTruncate(pWal->apWalFd[0], nMax);
    }
    sqlite3EndBenignMalloc();
    if( rx ){
      sqlite3_log(rx, "cannot limit WAL size: %s", pWal->zWalName);
    }
  }
}

/*
** Close a connection to a log file.
*/
int sqlite3WalClose(
................................................................................
    ** the wal and wal-index files.
    **
    ** The EXCLUSIVE lock is not released before returning.
    */
    if( zBuf!=0
     && SQLITE_OK==(rc = sqlite3OsLock(pWal->pDbFd, SQLITE_LOCK_EXCLUSIVE))
    ){
      int i;
      if( pWal->exclusiveMode==WAL_NORMAL_MODE ){
        pWal->exclusiveMode = WAL_EXCLUSIVE_MODE;
      }
      for(i=0; rc==SQLITE_OK && i<2; i++){
        rc = sqlite3WalCheckpoint(pWal, db, 
            SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE, 0, 0, sync_flags, nBuf, zBuf, 0, 0
        );
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          int bPersist = -1;
          sqlite3OsFileControlHint(
              pWal->pDbFd, SQLITE_FCNTL_PERSIST_WAL, &bPersist
          );
          if( bPersist!=1 ){
            /* Try to delete the WAL file if the checkpoint completed and
            ** fsyned (rc==SQLITE_OK) and if we are not in persistent-wal
            ** mode (!bPersist) */
            isDelete = 1;
          }else if( pWal->mxWalSize>=0 ){
            /* Try to truncate the WAL file to zero bytes if the checkpoint
            ** completed and fsynced (rc==SQLITE_OK) and we are in persistent
            ** WAL mode (bPersist) and if the PRAGMA journal_size_limit is a
            ** non-negative value (pWal->mxWalSize>=0).  Note that we truncate
            ** to zero bytes as truncating to the journal_size_limit might
            ** leave a corrupt WAL file on disk. */
            walLimitSize(pWal, 0);
          }
        }

        if( isWalMode2(pWal)==0 ) break;

        walCkptInfo(pWal)->nBackfill = 0;
        walidxSetFile(&pWal->hdr, !walidxGetFile(&pWal->hdr));
        pWal->writeLock = 1;
        walIndexWriteHdr(pWal);
        pWal->writeLock = 0;
      }
    }

    walIndexClose(pWal, isDelete);

    if( isDelete ){
      sqlite3BeginBenignMalloc();
      sqlite3OsDelete(pWal->pVfs, pWal->zWalName, 0);
      sqlite3OsDelete(pWal->pVfs, pWal->zWalName2, 0);
      sqlite3EndBenignMalloc();
    }
    WALTRACE(("WAL%p: closed\n", pWal));
    sqlite3_free((void *)pWal->apWiData);
    sqlite3_free(pWal);
  }
  return rc;
................................................................................
    }
  }

  /* If the header is read successfully, check the version number to make
  ** sure the wal-index was not constructed with some future format that
  ** this version of SQLite cannot understand.
  */
  if( badHdr==0 
   && pWal->hdr.iVersion!=WAL_VERSION1 && pWal->hdr.iVersion!=WAL_VERSION2
  ){
    rc = SQLITE_CANTOPEN_BKPT;
  }
  if( pWal->bShmUnreliable ){
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      walIndexClose(pWal, 0);
      pWal->bShmUnreliable = 0;
      assert( pWal->nWiData>0 && pWal->apWiData[0]==0 );
................................................................................
  ** into pWal->hdr.
  */
  memcpy(&pWal->hdr, (void*)walIndexHdr(pWal), sizeof(WalIndexHdr));

  /* Make sure some writer hasn't come in and changed the WAL file out
  ** from under us, then disconnected, while we were not looking.
  */
  rc = sqlite3OsFileSize(pWal->apWalFd[0], &szWal);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    goto begin_unreliable_shm_out;
  }
  if( szWal<WAL_HDRSIZE ){
    /* If the wal file is too small to contain a wal-header and the
    ** wal-index header has mxFrame==0, then it must be safe to proceed
    ** reading the database file only. However, the page cache cannot
................................................................................
    ** since this client's last read transaction.  */
    *pChanged = 1;
    rc = (pWal->hdr.mxFrame==0 ? SQLITE_OK : WAL_RETRY);
    goto begin_unreliable_shm_out;
  }

  /* Check the salt keys at the start of the wal file still match. */
  rc = sqlite3OsRead(pWal->apWalFd[0], aBuf, WAL_HDRSIZE, 0);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    goto begin_unreliable_shm_out;
  }
  if( memcmp(&pWal->hdr.aSalt, &aBuf[16], 8) ){
    /* Some writer has wrapped the WAL file while we were not looking.
    ** Return WAL_RETRY which will cause the in-memory WAL-index to be
    ** rebuilt. */
................................................................................
      iOffset+szFrame<=szWal; 
      iOffset+=szFrame
  ){
    u32 pgno;                   /* Database page number for frame */
    u32 nTruncate;              /* dbsize field from frame header */

    /* Read and decode the next log frame. */
    rc = sqlite3OsRead(pWal->apWalFd[0], aFrame, szFrame, iOffset);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) break;
    if( !walDecodeFrame(pWal, &pgno, &nTruncate, aData, aFrame) ) break;

    /* If nTruncate is non-zero, then a complete transaction has been
    ** appended to this wal file. Set rc to WAL_RETRY and break out of
    ** the loop.  */
    if( nTruncate ){
................................................................................
** checkpoint process do as much work as possible.  This routine might
** update values of the aReadMark[] array in the header, but if it does
** so it takes care to hold an exclusive lock on the corresponding
** WAL_READ_LOCK() while changing values.
*/
static int walTryBeginRead(Wal *pWal, int *pChanged, int useWal, int cnt){
  volatile WalCkptInfo *pInfo;    /* Checkpoint information in wal-index */



  int rc = SQLITE_OK;             /* Return code  */


  assert( pWal->readLock==WAL_LOCK_NONE );     /* Not currently locked */

  /* useWal may only be set for read/write connections */
  assert( (pWal->readOnly & WAL_SHM_RDONLY)==0 || useWal==0 );

  /* Take steps to avoid spinning forever if there is a protocol error.
  **
  ** Circumstances that cause a RETRY should only last for the briefest
................................................................................
      return walBeginShmUnreliable(pWal, pChanged);
    }
  }

  assert( pWal->nWiData>0 );
  assert( pWal->apWiData[0]!=0 );
  pInfo = walCkptInfo(pWal);
  if( isWalMode2(pWal) ){
    /* This connection needs a "part" lock on the current wal file and, 
    ** unless pInfo->nBackfill is set to indicate that it has already been
    ** checkpointed, a "full" lock on the other wal file.  */
    int iWal = walidxGetFile(&pWal->hdr);
    int nBackfill = pInfo->nBackfill || walidxGetMxFrame(&pWal->hdr, !iWal)==0;
    int eLock = 1 + (iWal*2) + (nBackfill==iWal);

    assert( nBackfill==0 || nBackfill==1 );
    assert( iWal==0 || iWal==1 );
    assert( iWal!=0 || nBackfill!=1 || eLock==WAL_LOCK_PART1 );
    assert( iWal!=0 || nBackfill!=0 || eLock==WAL_LOCK_PART1_FULL2 );
    assert( iWal!=1 || nBackfill!=1 || eLock==WAL_LOCK_PART2 );
    assert( iWal!=1 || nBackfill!=0 || eLock==WAL_LOCK_PART2_FULL1 );

    rc = walLockShared(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(eLock));
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      return (rc==SQLITE_BUSY ? WAL_RETRY : rc);
    }
    walShmBarrier(pWal);
    if( memcmp((void *)walIndexHdr(pWal), &pWal->hdr, sizeof(WalIndexHdr)) ){
      walUnlockShared(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(eLock));
      return WAL_RETRY;
    }else{
      pWal->readLock = eLock;
    }
    assert( pWal->minFrame==0 && walFramePage(pWal->minFrame)==0 );
  }else{
    u32 mxReadMark;               /* Largest aReadMark[] value */
    int mxI;                      /* Index of largest aReadMark[] value */
    int i;                        /* Loop counter */
    u32 mxFrame;                  /* Wal frame to lock to */
    if( !useWal && pInfo->nBackfill==pWal->hdr.mxFrame
  #ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT
     && (pWal->pSnapshot==0 || pWal->hdr.mxFrame==0)
  #endif
    ){
      /* The WAL has been completely backfilled (or it is empty).
      ** and can be safely ignored.
      */
      rc = walLockShared(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(0));
      walShmBarrier(pWal);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        if( memcmp((void *)walIndexHdr(pWal), &pWal->hdr,sizeof(WalIndexHdr)) ){
          /* It is not safe to allow the reader to continue here if frames
          ** may have been appended to the log before READ_LOCK(0) was obtained.
          ** When holding READ_LOCK(0), the reader ignores the entire log file,
          ** which implies that the database file contains a trustworthy
          ** snapshot. Since holding READ_LOCK(0) prevents a checkpoint from
          ** happening, this is usually correct.
          **
          ** However, if frames have been appended to the log (or if the log 
          ** is wrapped and written for that matter) before the READ_LOCK(0)
          ** is obtained, that is not necessarily true. A checkpointer may
          ** have started to backfill the appended frames but crashed before
          ** it finished. Leaving a corrupt image in the database file.
          */
          walUnlockShared(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(0));
          return WAL_RETRY;
        }
        pWal->readLock = 0;
        return SQLITE_OK;
      }else if( rc!=SQLITE_BUSY ){
        return rc;
      }
    }
  
    /* If we get this far, it means that the reader will want to use
    ** the WAL to get at content from recent commits.  The job now is
    ** to select one of the aReadMark[] entries that is closest to
    ** but not exceeding pWal->hdr.mxFrame and lock that entry.
    */
    mxReadMark = 0;
    mxI = 0;
    mxFrame = pWal->hdr.mxFrame;
  #ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT
    if( pWal->pSnapshot && pWal->pSnapshot->mxFrame<mxFrame ){
      mxFrame = pWal->pSnapshot->mxFrame;
    }
  #endif
    for(i=1; i<WAL_NREADER; i++){
      u32 thisMark = AtomicLoad(pInfo->aReadMark+i);
      if( mxReadMark<=thisMark && thisMark<=mxFrame ){
        assert( thisMark!=READMARK_NOT_USED );
        mxReadMark = thisMark;
        mxI = i;
      }
    }
    if( (pWal->readOnly & WAL_SHM_RDONLY)==0
     && (mxReadMark<mxFrame || mxI==0)
    ){
      for(i=1; i<WAL_NREADER; i++){
        rc = walLockExclusive(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(i), 1);
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          AtomicStore(pInfo->aReadMark+i,mxFrame);
          mxReadMark = mxFrame;
          mxI = i;
          walUnlockExclusive(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(i), 1);
          break;
        }else if( rc!=SQLITE_BUSY ){
          return rc;
        }
      }
    }
    if( mxI==0 ){
      assert( rc==SQLITE_BUSY || (pWal->readOnly & WAL_SHM_RDONLY)!=0 );
      return rc==SQLITE_BUSY ? WAL_RETRY : SQLITE_READONLY_CANTINIT;
    }
  
    rc = walLockShared(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(mxI));
    if( rc ){
      return rc==SQLITE_BUSY ? WAL_RETRY : rc;
    }
    /* Now that the read-lock has been obtained, check that neither the
    ** value in the aReadMark[] array or the contents of the wal-index
    ** header have changed.
    **
    ** It is necessary to check that the wal-index header did not change
    ** between the time it was read and when the shared-lock was obtained
    ** on WAL_READ_LOCK(mxI) was obtained to account for the possibility
    ** that the log file may have been wrapped by a writer, or that frames
    ** that occur later in the log than pWal->hdr.mxFrame may have been
    ** copied into the database by a checkpointer. If either of these things
    ** happened, then reading the database with the current value of
    ** pWal->hdr.mxFrame risks reading a corrupted snapshot. So, retry
    ** instead.
    **
    ** Before checking that the live wal-index header has not changed
    ** since it was read, set Wal.minFrame to the first frame in the wal
    ** file that has not yet been checkpointed. This client will not need
    ** to read any frames earlier than minFrame from the wal file - they
    ** can be safely read directly from the database file.
    **
    ** Because a ShmBarrier() call is made between taking the copy of 
    ** nBackfill and checking that the wal-header in shared-memory still
    ** matches the one cached in pWal->hdr, it is guaranteed that the 
    ** checkpointer that set nBackfill was not working with a wal-index
    ** header newer than that cached in pWal->hdr. If it were, that could
    ** cause a problem. The checkpointer could omit to checkpoint
    ** a version of page X that lies before pWal->minFrame (call that version
    ** A) on the basis that there is a newer version (version B) of the same
    ** page later in the wal file. But if version B happens to like past
    ** frame pWal->hdr.mxFrame - then the client would incorrectly assume
    ** that it can read version A from the database file. However, since
    ** we can guarantee that the checkpointer that set nBackfill could not
    ** see any pages past pWal->hdr.mxFrame, this problem does not come up.
    */
    pWal->minFrame = AtomicLoad(&pInfo->nBackfill)+1;
    walShmBarrier(pWal);
    if( AtomicLoad(pInfo->aReadMark+mxI)!=mxReadMark
     || memcmp((void *)walIndexHdr(pWal), &pWal->hdr, sizeof(WalIndexHdr))
    ){
      walUnlockShared(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(mxI));
      return WAL_RETRY;
    }else{
      assert( mxReadMark<=pWal->hdr.mxFrame );
      pWal->readLock = (i16)mxI;
    }
  }
  return rc;
}

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT
/*
** Attempt to reduce the value of the WalCkptInfo.nBackfillAttempted 
................................................................................
**
** SQLITE_OK is returned if successful, or an SQLite error code if an
** error occurs. It is not an error if nBackfillAttempted cannot be
** decreased at all.
*/
int sqlite3WalSnapshotRecover(Wal *pWal){
  int rc;

  /* Snapshots may not be used with wal2 mode databases. */
  if( isWalMode2(pWal) ) return SQLITE_ERROR;

  assert( pWal->readLock>=0 );
  rc = walLockExclusive(pWal, WAL_CKPT_LOCK, 1);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    volatile WalCkptInfo *pInfo = walCkptInfo(pWal);
    int szPage = (int)pWal->szPage;
    i64 szDb;                   /* Size of db file in bytes */
................................................................................
          rc = walHashGet(pWal, walFramePage(i), &sLoc);
          if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) break;
          pgno = sLoc.aPgno[i-sLoc.iZero];
          iDbOff = (i64)(pgno-1) * szPage;

          if( iDbOff+szPage<=szDb ){
            iWalOff = walFrameOffset(i, szPage) + WAL_FRAME_HDRSIZE;
            rc = sqlite3OsRead(pWal->apWalFd[0], pBuf1, szPage, iWalOff);

            if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
              rc = sqlite3OsRead(pWal->pDbFd, pBuf2, szPage, iDbOff);
            }

            if( rc!=SQLITE_OK || 0==memcmp(pBuf1, pBuf2, szPage) ){
              break;
................................................................................
  WalIndexHdr *pSnapshot = pWal->pSnapshot;
#endif

  assert( pWal->ckptLock==0 );

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT
  if( pSnapshot ){
    if( isWalMode2(pWal) ) return SQLITE_ERROR;
    if( memcmp(pSnapshot, &pWal->hdr, sizeof(WalIndexHdr))!=0 ){
      bChanged = 1;
    }

    /* It is possible that there is a checkpointer thread running 
    ** concurrent with this code. If this is the case, it may be that the
    ** checkpointer has already determined that it will checkpoint 
................................................................................
  do{
    rc = walTryBeginRead(pWal, pChanged, 0, ++cnt);
  }while( rc==WAL_RETRY );
  testcase( (rc&0xff)==SQLITE_BUSY );
  testcase( (rc&0xff)==SQLITE_IOERR );
  testcase( rc==SQLITE_PROTOCOL );
  testcase( rc==SQLITE_OK );
  
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pWal->hdr.iVersion==WAL_VERSION2 ){
    rc = walOpenWal2(pWal);
  }

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( pSnapshot && memcmp(pSnapshot, &pWal->hdr, sizeof(WalIndexHdr))!=0 ){
      /* At this point the client has a lock on an aReadMark[] slot holding
      ** a value equal to or smaller than pSnapshot->mxFrame, but pWal->hdr
      ** is populated with the wal-index header corresponding to the head
................................................................................

/*
** Finish with a read transaction.  All this does is release the
** read-lock.
*/
void sqlite3WalEndReadTransaction(Wal *pWal){
  sqlite3WalEndWriteTransaction(pWal);
  if( pWal->readLock!=WAL_LOCK_NONE ){
    walUnlockShared(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(pWal->readLock));
    pWal->readLock = WAL_LOCK_NONE;
  }
}

/* Search hash table iHash for an entry matching page number
** pgno. Each call to this function searches a single hash table
** (each hash table indexes up to HASHTABLE_NPAGE frames).
**
** This code might run concurrently to the code in walIndexAppend()
** that adds entries to the wal-index (and possibly to this hash 
** table). This means the value just read from the hash 
** slot (aHash[iKey]) may have been added before or after the 
** current read transaction was opened. Values added after the
** read transaction was opened may have been written incorrectly -
** i.e. these slots may contain garbage data. However, we assume
** that any slots written before the current read transaction was
** opened remain unmodified.
**
** For the reasons above, the if(...) condition featured in the inner
** loop of the following block is more stringent that would be required 
** if we had exclusive access to the hash-table:
**
**   (aPgno[iFrame]==pgno): 
**     This condition filters out normal hash-table collisions.
**
**   (iFrame<=iLast): 
**     This condition filters out entries that were added to the hash
**     table after the current read-transaction had started.
*/
static int walSearchHash(
  Wal *pWal, 
  u32 iLast,
  int iHash, 
  Pgno pgno, 
  u32 *piRead
){
  WalHashLoc sLoc;                /* Hash table location */
  int iKey;                       /* Hash slot index */
  int nCollide;                   /* Number of hash collisions remaining */
  int rc;                         /* Error code */

  rc = walHashGet(pWal, iHash, &sLoc);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    return rc;
  }
  nCollide = HASHTABLE_NSLOT;
  for(iKey=walHash(pgno); sLoc.aHash[iKey]; iKey=walNextHash(iKey)){
    u32 iFrame = sLoc.aHash[iKey] + sLoc.iZero;
    if( iFrame<=iLast 
     && iFrame>=pWal->minFrame 
     && sLoc.aPgno[sLoc.aHash[iKey]]==pgno 
    ){
      assert( iFrame>*piRead || CORRUPT_DB );
      *piRead = iFrame;
    }
    if( (nCollide--)==0 ){
      return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    }
  }

  return SQLITE_OK;
}

static int walSearchWal(
  Wal *pWal, 
  int iWal, 
  Pgno pgno, 
  u32 *piRead
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  int bWal2 = isWalMode2(pWal);
  u32 iLast = walidxGetMxFrame(&pWal->hdr, iWal);
  if( iLast ){
    int iHash;
    int iMinHash = walFramePage(pWal->minFrame);
    u32 iExternal = bWal2 ? walExternalEncode(iWal, iLast) : iLast;
    assert( bWal2==0 || pWal->minFrame==0 );
    for(iHash=walFramePage(iExternal); 
        iHash>=iMinHash && *piRead==0; 
        iHash-=(1+bWal2)
    ){
      rc = walSearchHash(pWal, iExternal, iHash, pgno, piRead);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) break;
    }
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Search the wal file for page pgno. If found, set *piRead to the frame that
** contains the page. Otherwise, if pgno is not in the wal file, set *piRead
** to zero.
**
** Return SQLITE_OK if successful, or an error code if an error occurs. If an
................................................................................
** error does occur, the final value of *piRead is undefined.
*/
int sqlite3WalFindFrame(
  Wal *pWal,                      /* WAL handle */
  Pgno pgno,                      /* Database page number to read data for */
  u32 *piRead                     /* OUT: Frame number (or zero) */
){
  int bWal2 = isWalMode2(pWal);
  int iApp = walidxGetFile(&pWal->hdr);
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  u32 iRead = 0;                  /* If !=0, WAL frame to return data from */




  /* This routine is only be called from within a read transaction. Or,
  ** sometimes, as part of a rollback that occurs after an error reaquiring
  ** a read-lock in walRestartLog().  */
  assert( pWal->readLock!=WAL_LOCK_NONE || pWal->writeLock );



  /* If this is a wal2 system, the client must have a partial-wal lock 
  ** on wal file iApp. Or if it is a wal system, iApp==0 must be true.  */
  assert( bWal2==0 || iApp==1

       || pWal->readLock==WAL_LOCK_PART1 || pWal->readLock==WAL_LOCK_PART1_FULL2
  );
  assert( bWal2==0 || iApp==0
       || pWal->readLock==WAL_LOCK_PART2 || pWal->readLock==WAL_LOCK_PART2_FULL1
  );
  assert( bWal2 || iApp==0 );

  /* Return early if read-lock 0 is held. */
  if( (pWal->readLock==0 && pWal->bShmUnreliable==0) ){
    *piRead = 0;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }








  /* Search the wal file that the client holds a partial lock on first */
  rc = walSearchWal(pWal, iApp, pgno, &iRead);



























  /* If the requested page was not found, no error has occured, and 
  ** the client holds a full-wal lock on the other wal file, search it
  ** too.  */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && bWal2 && iRead==0 && (
        pWal->readLock==WAL_LOCK_PART1_FULL2 
     || pWal->readLock==WAL_LOCK_PART2_FULL1
  )){
    rc = walSearchWal(pWal, !iApp, pgno, &iRead);
  }













#if defined(SQLITE_TEST) && defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
  if( iRead ){ 
    u32 iFrame;
    int iWal = walExternalDecode(iRead, &iFrame);
    WALTRACE(("WAL%p: page %d @ frame %d wal %d\n",pWal,(int)pgno,iFrame,iWal));
  }else{
    WALTRACE(("WAL%p: page %d not found\n", pWal, (int)pgno));
  }
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_EXPENSIVE_ASSERT
  /* If expensive assert() statements are available, do a linear search
  ** of the wal-index file content. Make sure the results agree with the
  ** result obtained using the hash indexes above.  
  **
  ** TODO: This is broken for wal2.
  */
  {
    u32 iRead2 = 0;
    u32 iTest;
    assert( pWal->bShmUnreliable || pWal->minFrame>0 );
    for(iTest=iLast; iTest>=pWal->minFrame && iTest>0; iTest--){
      if( walFramePgno(pWal, iTest)==pgno ){
        iRead2 = iTest;
................................................................................
/*
** Read the contents of frame iRead from the wal file into buffer pOut
** (which is nOut bytes in size). Return SQLITE_OK if successful, or an
** error code otherwise.
*/
int sqlite3WalReadFrame(
  Wal *pWal,                      /* WAL handle */
  u32 iExternal,                  /* Frame to read */
  int nOut,                       /* Size of buffer pOut in bytes */
  u8 *pOut                        /* Buffer to write page data to */
){
  int sz;
  int iWal = 0;
  u32 iRead;
  i64 iOffset;

  /* Figure out the page size */
  sz = pWal->hdr.szPage;
  sz = (sz&0xfe00) + ((sz&0x0001)<<16);
  testcase( sz<=32768 );
  testcase( sz>=65536 );

  if( isWalMode2(pWal) ){
    /* Figure out which of the two wal files, and the frame within, that 
    ** iExternal refers to.  */
    iWal = walExternalDecode(iExternal, &iRead);
  }else{
    iRead = iExternal;
  }

  WALTRACE(("WAL%p: reading frame %d wal %d\n", pWal, iRead, iWal));
  iOffset = walFrameOffset(iRead, sz) + WAL_FRAME_HDRSIZE;
  /* testcase( IS_BIG_INT(iOffset) ); // requires a 4GiB WAL */
  return sqlite3OsRead(pWal->apWalFd[iWal], pOut, (nOut>sz?sz:nOut), iOffset);
}

/* 
** Return the size of the database in pages (or zero, if unknown).
*/
Pgno sqlite3WalDbsize(Wal *pWal){
  if( pWal && ALWAYS(pWal->readLock!=WAL_LOCK_NONE) ){
    return pWal->hdr.nPage;
  }
  return 0;
}


/* 
................................................................................
    assert( !memcmp(&pWal->hdr,(void *)walIndexHdr(pWal),sizeof(WalIndexHdr)) );
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
#endif

  /* Cannot start a write transaction without first holding a read
  ** transaction. */
  assert( pWal->readLock!=WAL_LOCK_NONE );
  assert( pWal->writeLock==0 && pWal->iReCksum==0 );

  if( pWal->readOnly ){
    return SQLITE_READONLY;
  }

  /* Only one writer allowed at a time.  Get the write lock.  Return
................................................................................
**
** Otherwise, if the callback function does not return an error, this
** function returns SQLITE_OK.
*/
int sqlite3WalUndo(Wal *pWal, int (*xUndo)(void *, Pgno), void *pUndoCtx){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  if( ALWAYS(pWal->writeLock) ){
    int iWal = walidxGetFile(&pWal->hdr);
    Pgno iMax = walidxGetMxFrame(&pWal->hdr, iWal);
    Pgno iNew;
    Pgno iFrame;

    assert( isWalMode2(pWal) || iWal==0 );

    /* Restore the clients cache of the wal-index header to the state it
    ** was in before the client began writing to the database. 
    */
    memcpy(&pWal->hdr, (void *)walIndexHdr(pWal), sizeof(WalIndexHdr));
    assert( walidxGetFile(&pWal->hdr)==iWal );
    iNew = walidxGetMxFrame(&pWal->hdr, walidxGetFile(&pWal->hdr));


    for(iFrame=iNew+1; ALWAYS(rc==SQLITE_OK) && iFrame<=iMax; iFrame++){


      /* This call cannot fail. Unless the page for which the page number
      ** is passed as the second argument is (a) in the cache and 
      ** (b) has an outstanding reference, then xUndo is either a no-op
      ** (if (a) is false) or simply expels the page from the cache (if (b)
      ** is false).
      **
      ** If the upper layer is doing a rollback, it is guaranteed that there
      ** are no outstanding references to any page other than page 1. And
      ** page 1 is never written to the log until the transaction is
      ** committed. As a result, the call to xUndo may not fail.
      */
      Pgno pgno;
      if( isWalMode2(pWal) ){
        pgno = walFramePgno2(pWal, iWal, iFrame);
      }else{
        pgno = walFramePgno(pWal, iFrame);
      }
      assert( pgno!=1 );
      rc = xUndo(pUndoCtx, pgno);
    }
    if( iMax!=iNew ) walCleanupHash(pWal);
  }
  return rc;
}

/* 
** Argument aWalData must point to an array of WAL_SAVEPOINT_NDATA u32 
** values. This function populates the array with values required to 
** "rollback" the write position of the WAL handle back to the current 
** point in the event of a savepoint rollback (via WalSavepointUndo()).
*/
void sqlite3WalSavepoint(Wal *pWal, u32 *aWalData){
  int iWal = walidxGetFile(&pWal->hdr);
  assert( pWal->writeLock );

  assert( isWalMode2(pWal) || iWal==0 );
  aWalData[0] = walidxGetMxFrame(&pWal->hdr, iWal);
  aWalData[1] = pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[0];
  aWalData[2] = pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[1];

  aWalData[3] = isWalMode2(pWal) ? iWal : pWal->nCkpt;
}

/* 
** Move the write position of the WAL back to the point identified by
** the values in the aWalData[] array. aWalData must point to an array
** of WAL_SAVEPOINT_NDATA u32 values that has been previously populated
** by a call to WalSavepoint().
*/
int sqlite3WalSavepointUndo(Wal *pWal, u32 *aWalData){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  int iWal = walidxGetFile(&pWal->hdr);
  int iCmp = isWalMode2(pWal) ? iWal : pWal->nCkpt;

  assert( pWal->writeLock );

  assert( isWalMode2(pWal) || iWal==0 );
  assert( aWalData[3]!=iCmp || aWalData[0]<=walidxGetMxFrame(&pWal->hdr,iWal) );

  if( aWalData[3]!=iCmp ){
    /* This savepoint was opened immediately after the write-transaction
    ** was started. Right after that, the writer decided to wrap around
    ** to the start of the log. Update the savepoint values to match.
    */
    aWalData[0] = 0;
    aWalData[3] = iCmp;
  }

  if( aWalData[0]<walidxGetMxFrame(&pWal->hdr, iWal) ){
    walidxSetMxFrame(&pWal->hdr, iWal, aWalData[0]);
    pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[0] = aWalData[1];
    pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[1] = aWalData[2];
    walCleanupHash(pWal);
  }

  return rc;
}

/*
** This function is called just before writing a set of frames to the log
** file (see sqlite3WalFrames()). It checks to see if, instead of appending
** to the current log file, it is possible and desirable to switch to the
** other log file and write the new transaction to the start of it.
** If so, the wal-index header is updated accordingly - both in heap memory
** and in the *-shm file.
**
** SQLITE_OK is returned if no error is encountered (regardless of whether
** or not the wal-index header is modified). An SQLite error code is returned
** if an error occurs.
*/
static int walRestartLog(Wal *pWal){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;


  if( isWalMode2(pWal) ){
    int iApp = walidxGetFile(&pWal->hdr);
    int nWalSize = WAL_DEFAULT_WALSIZE;
    if( pWal->mxWalSize>0 ){
      nWalSize = (pWal->mxWalSize-WAL_HDRSIZE+pWal->szPage+WAL_FRAME_HDRSIZE-1) 
        / (pWal->szPage+WAL_FRAME_HDRSIZE);
      nWalSize = MAX(nWalSize, 1);
    }

    if( walidxGetMxFrame(&pWal->hdr, iApp)>=nWalSize ){
      volatile WalCkptInfo *pInfo = walCkptInfo(pWal);
      u32 mxFrame = walidxGetMxFrame(&pWal->hdr, !iApp);
      if( mxFrame==0 || pInfo->nBackfill ){
        rc = wal2RestartOk(pWal, iApp);
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          int iNew = !iApp;
          pWal->nCkpt++;
          walidxSetFile(&pWal->hdr, iNew);
          walidxSetMxFrame(&pWal->hdr, iNew, 0);
          sqlite3Put4byte((u8*)&pWal->hdr.aSalt[0], pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[0]);
          sqlite3Put4byte((u8*)&pWal->hdr.aSalt[1], pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[1]);
          walIndexWriteHdr(pWal);
          pInfo->nBackfill = 0;
          wal2RestartFinished(pWal, iApp);
          walUnlockShared(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(pWal->readLock));
          pWal->readLock = iNew ? WAL_LOCK_PART2_FULL1 : WAL_LOCK_PART1_FULL2;
          rc = walLockShared(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(pWal->readLock));
        }else if( rc==SQLITE_BUSY ){
          rc = SQLITE_OK;
        }
      }
    }
  }else if( pWal->readLock==0 ){
    int cnt;
    volatile WalCkptInfo *pInfo = walCkptInfo(pWal);
    assert( pInfo->nBackfill==pWal->hdr.mxFrame );
    if( pInfo->nBackfill>0 ){
      u32 salt1;
      sqlite3_randomness(4, &salt1);
      rc = walLockExclusive(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(1), WAL_NREADER-1);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
................................................................................
        walRestartHdr(pWal, salt1);
        walUnlockExclusive(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(1), WAL_NREADER-1);
      }else if( rc!=SQLITE_BUSY ){
        return rc;
      }
    }
    walUnlockShared(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(0));
    pWal->readLock = WAL_LOCK_NONE;
    cnt = 0;
    do{
      int notUsed;
      rc = walTryBeginRead(pWal, &notUsed, 1, ++cnt);
    }while( rc==WAL_RETRY );
    assert( (rc&0xff)!=SQLITE_BUSY ); /* BUSY not possible when useWal==1 */
    testcase( (rc&0xff)==SQLITE_IOERR );
    testcase( rc==SQLITE_PROTOCOL );
    testcase( rc==SQLITE_OK );
  }

  return rc;
}

/*
** Information about the current state of the WAL file and where
** the next fsync should occur - passed from sqlite3WalFrames() into
** walWriteToLog().
................................................................................
  PgHdr *pPage,               /* The page of the frame to be written */
  int nTruncate,              /* The commit flag.  Usually 0.  >0 for commit */
  sqlite3_int64 iOffset       /* Byte offset at which to write */
){
  int rc;                         /* Result code from subfunctions */
  void *pData;                    /* Data actually written */
  u8 aFrame[WAL_FRAME_HDRSIZE];   /* Buffer to assemble frame-header in */

#if defined(SQLITE_TEST) && defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
  { 
    int iWal = walidxGetFile(&p->pWal->hdr);
    int iFrame = 1 + (iOffset / (WAL_FRAME_HDRSIZE + p->pWal->szPage));
    assert( p->pWal->apWalFd[iWal]==p->pFd );
    WALTRACE(("WAL%p: page %d written to frame %d of wal %d\n",
          p->pWal, (int)pPage->pgno, iFrame, iWal
    ));
  }
#endif

  pData = pPage->pData;
  walEncodeFrame(p->pWal, pPage->pgno, nTruncate, pData, aFrame);
  rc = walWriteToLog(p, aFrame, sizeof(aFrame), iOffset);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  /* Write the page data */
  rc = walWriteToLog(p, pData, p->szPage, iOffset+sizeof(aFrame));
  return rc;
................................................................................
** one or more frames have been overwritten. It updates the checksums for
** all frames written to the wal file by the current transaction starting
** with the earliest to have been overwritten.
**
** SQLITE_OK is returned if successful, or an SQLite error code otherwise.
*/
static int walRewriteChecksums(Wal *pWal, u32 iLast){

  int rc = SQLITE_OK;             /* Return code */
  const int szPage = pWal->szPage;/* Database page size */
  u8 *aBuf;                       /* Buffer to load data from wal file into */
  u8 aFrame[WAL_FRAME_HDRSIZE];   /* Buffer to assemble frame-headers in */
  u32 iRead;                      /* Next frame to read from wal file */
  i64 iCksumOff;
  sqlite3_file *pWalFd = pWal->apWalFd[walidxGetFile(&pWal->hdr)];

  aBuf = sqlite3_malloc(szPage + WAL_FRAME_HDRSIZE);
  if( aBuf==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;

  /* Find the checksum values to use as input for the recalculating the
  ** first checksum. If the first frame is frame 1 (implying that the current
  ** transaction restarted the wal file), these values must be read from the
................................................................................
  ** previous frame.  */
  assert( pWal->iReCksum>0 );
  if( pWal->iReCksum==1 ){
    iCksumOff = 24;
  }else{
    iCksumOff = walFrameOffset(pWal->iReCksum-1, szPage) + 16;
  }
  rc = sqlite3OsRead(pWalFd, aBuf, sizeof(u32)*2, iCksumOff);
  pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[0] = sqlite3Get4byte(aBuf);
  pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[1] = sqlite3Get4byte(&aBuf[sizeof(u32)]);

  iRead = pWal->iReCksum;
  pWal->iReCksum = 0;
  for(; rc==SQLITE_OK && iRead<=iLast; iRead++){
    i64 iOff = walFrameOffset(iRead, szPage);
    rc = sqlite3OsRead(pWalFd, aBuf, szPage+WAL_FRAME_HDRSIZE, iOff);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      u32 iPgno, nDbSize;
      iPgno = sqlite3Get4byte(aBuf);
      nDbSize = sqlite3Get4byte(&aBuf[4]);

      walEncodeFrame(pWal, iPgno, nDbSize, &aBuf[WAL_FRAME_HDRSIZE], aFrame);
      rc = sqlite3OsWrite(pWalFd, aFrame, sizeof(aFrame), iOff);
    }
  }

  sqlite3_free(aBuf);
  return rc;
}

................................................................................
  PgHdr *pLast = 0;               /* Last frame in list */
  int nExtra = 0;                 /* Number of extra copies of last page */
  int szFrame;                    /* The size of a single frame */
  i64 iOffset;                    /* Next byte to write in WAL file */
  WalWriter w;                    /* The writer */
  u32 iFirst = 0;                 /* First frame that may be overwritten */
  WalIndexHdr *pLive;             /* Pointer to shared header */
  int iApp;
  int bWal2 = isWalMode2(pWal);

  assert( pList );
  assert( pWal->writeLock );

  /* If this frame set completes a transaction, then nTruncate>0.  If
  ** nTruncate==0 then this frame set does not complete the transaction. */
  assert( (isCommit!=0)==(nTruncate!=0) );








  pLive = (WalIndexHdr*)walIndexHdr(pWal);
  if( memcmp(&pWal->hdr, (void *)pLive, sizeof(WalIndexHdr))!=0 ){

    /* if( isWalMode2(pWal)==0 ) */
    iFirst = walidxGetMxFrame(pLive, walidxGetFile(pLive))+1;
  }

  /* See if it is possible to write these frames into the start of the
  ** log file, instead of appending to it at pWal->hdr.mxFrame.
  */
  else if( SQLITE_OK!=(rc = walRestartLog(pWal)) ){
    return rc;
  }

  /* If this is the first frame written into the log, write the WAL
  ** header to the start of the WAL file. See comments at the top of
  ** this source file for a description of the WAL header format.
  */
  iApp = walidxGetFile(&pWal->hdr);
  iFrame = walidxGetMxFrame(&pWal->hdr, iApp);
  assert( iApp==0 || bWal2 );

#if defined(SQLITE_TEST) && defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
  { int cnt; for(cnt=0, p=pList; p; p=p->pDirty, cnt++){}
    WALTRACE(("WAL%p: frame write begin. %d frames. iWal=%d. mxFrame=%d. %s\n",
              pWal, cnt, iApp, iFrame, isCommit ? "Commit" : "Spill"));
  }
#endif

  if( iFrame==0 ){
    u32 iCkpt = 0;
    u8 aWalHdr[WAL_HDRSIZE];      /* Buffer to assemble wal-header in */
    u32 aCksum[2];                /* Checksum for wal-header */

    sqlite3Put4byte(&aWalHdr[0], (WAL_MAGIC | SQLITE_BIGENDIAN));
    sqlite3Put4byte(&aWalHdr[4], pWal->hdr.iVersion);
    sqlite3Put4byte(&aWalHdr[8], szPage);
    if( bWal2 ){
      if( walidxGetMxFrame(&pWal->hdr, !iApp)>0 ){
        u8 aPrev[4];
        rc = sqlite3OsRead(pWal->apWalFd[!iApp], aPrev, 4, 12);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
          return rc;
        }
        iCkpt = (sqlite3Get4byte(aPrev) + 1) & 0x0F;
      }
    }else{
      iCkpt = pWal->nCkpt;
    }
    sqlite3Put4byte(&aWalHdr[12], iCkpt);

    memcpy(&aWalHdr[16], pWal->hdr.aSalt, 8);
    walChecksumBytes(1, aWalHdr, WAL_HDRSIZE-2*4, 0, aCksum);
    sqlite3Put4byte(&aWalHdr[24], aCksum[0]);
    sqlite3Put4byte(&aWalHdr[28], aCksum[1]);

    pWal->szPage = szPage;
    pWal->hdr.bigEndCksum = SQLITE_BIGENDIAN;
    pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[0] = aCksum[0];
    pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[1] = aCksum[1];
    pWal->truncateOnCommit = 1;

    rc = sqlite3OsWrite(pWal->apWalFd[iApp], aWalHdr, sizeof(aWalHdr), 0);
    WALTRACE(("WAL%p: wal-header write %s\n", pWal, rc ? "failed" : "ok"));
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      return rc;
    }

    /* Sync the header (unless SQLITE_IOCAP_SEQUENTIAL is true or unless
    ** all syncing is turned off by PRAGMA synchronous=OFF).  Otherwise
    ** an out-of-order write following a WAL restart could result in
    ** database corruption.  See the ticket:
    **
    **     https://sqlite.org/src/info/ff5be73dee
    */
    if( pWal->syncHeader ){
      rc = sqlite3OsSync(pWal->apWalFd[iApp], CKPT_SYNC_FLAGS(sync_flags));
      if( rc ) return rc;
    }
  }
  assert( (int)pWal->szPage==szPage );

  /* Setup information needed to write frames into the WAL */
  w.pWal = pWal;
  w.pFd = pWal->apWalFd[iApp];
  w.iSyncPoint = 0;
  w.syncFlags = sync_flags;
  w.szPage = szPage;
  iOffset = walFrameOffset(iFrame+1, szPage);
  szFrame = szPage + WAL_FRAME_HDRSIZE;

  /* Write all frames into the log file exactly once */
................................................................................

    /* Check if this page has already been written into the wal file by
    ** the current transaction. If so, overwrite the existing frame and
    ** set Wal.writeLock to WAL_WRITELOCK_RECKSUM - indicating that 
    ** checksums must be recomputed when the transaction is committed.  */
    if( iFirst && (p->pDirty || isCommit==0) ){
      u32 iWrite = 0;
      VVA_ONLY(rc =) walSearchWal(pWal, iApp, p->pgno, &iWrite);
      assert( rc==SQLITE_OK || iWrite==0 );
      if( iWrite && bWal2 ){
        walExternalDecode(iWrite, &iWrite);
      }
      if( iWrite>=iFirst ){
        i64 iOff = walFrameOffset(iWrite, szPage) + WAL_FRAME_HDRSIZE;
        void *pData;
        if( pWal->iReCksum==0 || iWrite<pWal->iReCksum ){
          pWal->iReCksum = iWrite;
        }
        pData = p->pData;
        rc = sqlite3OsWrite(pWal->apWalFd[iApp], pData, szPage, iOff);
        if( rc ) return rc;
        p->flags &= ~PGHDR_WAL_APPEND;
        continue;
      }
    }

    iFrame++;
................................................................................
  ** boundary is crossed.  Only the part of the WAL prior to the last
  ** sector boundary is synced; the part of the last frame that extends
  ** past the sector boundary is written after the sync.
  */
  if( isCommit && WAL_SYNC_FLAGS(sync_flags)!=0 ){
    int bSync = 1;
    if( pWal->padToSectorBoundary ){
      int sectorSize = sqlite3SectorSize(w.pFd);
      w.iSyncPoint = ((iOffset+sectorSize-1)/sectorSize)*sectorSize;
      bSync = (w.iSyncPoint==iOffset);
      testcase( bSync );
      while( iOffset<w.iSyncPoint ){
        rc = walWriteOneFrame(&w, pLast, nTruncate, iOffset);
        if( rc ) return rc;
        iOffset += szFrame;
................................................................................
  }

  /* Append data to the wal-index. It is not necessary to lock the 
  ** wal-index to do this as the SQLITE_SHM_WRITE lock held on the wal-index
  ** guarantees that there are no other writers, and no data that may
  ** be in use by existing readers is being overwritten.
  */
  iFrame = walidxGetMxFrame(&pWal->hdr, iApp);
  for(p=pList; p && rc==SQLITE_OK; p=p->pDirty){
    if( (p->flags & PGHDR_WAL_APPEND)==0 ) continue;
    iFrame++;
    rc = walIndexAppend(pWal, iApp, iFrame, p->pgno);
  }
  assert( pLast!=0 || nExtra==0 );
  while( rc==SQLITE_OK && nExtra>0 ){
    iFrame++;
    nExtra--;
    rc = walIndexAppend(pWal, iApp, iFrame, pLast->pgno);
  }

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    /* Update the private copy of the header. */
    pWal->hdr.szPage = (u16)((szPage&0xff00) | (szPage>>16));
    testcase( szPage<=32768 );
    testcase( szPage>=65536 );
    walidxSetMxFrame(&pWal->hdr, iApp, iFrame);
    if( isCommit ){
      pWal->hdr.iChange++;
      pWal->hdr.nPage = nTruncate;
    }
    /* If this is a commit, update the wal-index header too. */
    if( isCommit ){
      walIndexWriteHdr(pWal);
      if( bWal2 ){
        int iOther = !walidxGetFile(&pWal->hdr);
        if( walidxGetMxFrame(&pWal->hdr, iOther) 
            && !walCkptInfo(pWal)->nBackfill 
        ){
          pWal->iCallback = walidxGetMxFrame(&pWal->hdr, 0);
          pWal->iCallback += walidxGetMxFrame(&pWal->hdr, 1);
        }
      }else{
        pWal->iCallback = iFrame;
      }
    }
  }

  WALTRACE(("WAL%p: frame write %s\n", pWal, rc ? "failed" : "ok"));
  return rc;
}

................................................................................
    if( isChanged && pWal->pDbFd->pMethods->iVersion>=3 ){
      sqlite3OsUnfetch(pWal->pDbFd, 0, 0);
    }
  }

  /* Copy data from the log to the database file. */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    int iCkpt = walidxGetFile(&pWal->hdr);

    if( (walPagesize(pWal)!=nBuf) 
     && ((pWal->hdr.mxFrame2 & 0x7FFFFFFF) || pWal->hdr.mxFrame)
    ){
      rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    }else{
      rc = walCheckpoint(pWal, db, eMode2, xBusy2, pBusyArg, sync_flags, zBuf);
    }

    /* If no error occurred, set the output variables. */
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK || rc==SQLITE_BUSY ){
      if( pnLog ){
        *pnLog = walidxGetMxFrame(&pWal->hdr,0)+walidxGetMxFrame(&pWal->hdr,1);
      }
      if( pnCkpt ){
        if( isWalMode2(pWal) ){
          if( (int)(walCkptInfo(pWal)->nBackfill) ){
            *pnCkpt = walidxGetMxFrame(&pWal->hdr, iCkpt);
          }else{
            *pnCkpt = 0;
          }
        }else{
          *pnCkpt = walCkptInfo(pWal)->nBackfill;
        }
      }
    }
  }

  if( isChanged ){
    /* If a new wal-index header was loaded before the checkpoint was 
    ** performed, then the pager-cache associated with pWal is now
    ** out of date. So zero the cached wal-index header to ensure that
................................................................................
** If op is negative, then do a dry-run of the op==1 case but do
** not actually change anything. The pager uses this to see if it
** should acquire the database exclusive lock prior to invoking
** the op==1 case.
*/
int sqlite3WalExclusiveMode(Wal *pWal, int op){
  int rc;

  assert( pWal->writeLock==0 );
  assert( pWal->exclusiveMode!=WAL_HEAPMEMORY_MODE || op==-1 );

  /* pWal->readLock is usually set, but might be -1 if there was a 
  ** prior error while attempting to acquire are read-lock. This cannot 
  ** happen if the connection is actually in exclusive mode (as no xShmLock
  ** locks are taken in this case). Nor should the pager attempt to
  ** upgrade to exclusive-mode following such an error.
  */
  assert( pWal->readLock!=WAL_LOCK_NONE || pWal->lockError );
  assert( pWal->readLock!=WAL_LOCK_NONE || (op<=0 && pWal->exclusiveMode==0) );

  if( op==0 ){
    if( pWal->exclusiveMode ){
      pWal->exclusiveMode = WAL_NORMAL_MODE;
      rc = walLockShared(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(pWal->readLock));
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        pWal->exclusiveMode = WAL_EXCLUSIVE_MODE;
      }
      rc = pWal->exclusiveMode==WAL_NORMAL_MODE;
    }else{
      /* Already in locking_mode=NORMAL */
      rc = 0;
    }
................................................................................
** every other subsystem, so the WAL module can put whatever it needs
** in the object.
*/
int sqlite3WalSnapshotGet(Wal *pWal, sqlite3_snapshot **ppSnapshot){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  WalIndexHdr *pRet;
  static const u32 aZero[4] = { 0, 0, 0, 0 };

  /* Snapshots may not be used with wal2 mode databases. */
  if( isWalMode2(pWal) ) return SQLITE_ERROR;

  assert( pWal->readLock>=0 && pWal->writeLock==0 );

  if( memcmp(&pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[0],aZero,8)==0 ){
    *ppSnapshot = 0;
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  pRet = (WalIndexHdr*)sqlite3_malloc(sizeof(WalIndexHdr));
  if( pRet==0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
  }else{
................................................................................
** If the snapshot is not available, SQLITE_ERROR is returned. Or, if
** the CHECKPOINTER lock cannot be obtained, SQLITE_BUSY. If any error
** occurs (any value other than SQLITE_OK is returned), the CHECKPOINTER
** lock is released before returning.
*/
int sqlite3WalSnapshotCheck(Wal *pWal, sqlite3_snapshot *pSnapshot){
  int rc;

  /* Snapshots may not be used with wal2 mode databases. */
  if( isWalMode2(pWal) ) return SQLITE_ERROR;

  rc = walLockShared(pWal, WAL_CKPT_LOCK);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    WalIndexHdr *pNew = (WalIndexHdr*)pSnapshot;
    if( memcmp(pNew->aSalt, pWal->hdr.aSalt, sizeof(pWal->hdr.aSalt))
     || pNew->mxFrame<walCkptInfo(pWal)->nBackfillAttempted
    ){
      rc = SQLITE_ERROR_SNAPSHOT;
................................................................................
  return (pWal ? pWal->szPage : 0);
}
#endif

/* Return the sqlite3_file object for the WAL file
*/
sqlite3_file *sqlite3WalFile(Wal *pWal){
  return pWal->apWalFd[0];
}

/* 
** Return the journal mode used by this Wal object.
*/
int sqlite3WalJournalMode(Wal *pWal){
  assert( pWal );
  return (isWalMode2(pWal) ? PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL2 : PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL);
}

#endif /* #ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL */

Changes to src/wal.h.

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/* Macros for extracting appropriate sync flags for either transaction
** commits (WAL_SYNC_FLAGS(X)) or for checkpoint ops (CKPT_SYNC_FLAGS(X)):
*/
#define WAL_SYNC_FLAGS(X)   ((X)&0x03)
#define CKPT_SYNC_FLAGS(X)  (((X)>>2)&0x03)

#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
# define sqlite3WalOpen(x,y,z)                   0
# define sqlite3WalLimit(x,y)
# define sqlite3WalClose(v,w,x,y,z)              0
# define sqlite3WalBeginReadTransaction(y,z)     0
# define sqlite3WalEndReadTransaction(z)
# define sqlite3WalDbsize(y)                     0
# define sqlite3WalBeginWriteTransaction(y)      0
# define sqlite3WalEndWriteTransaction(x)        0
................................................................................
# define sqlite3WalCheckpoint(q,r,s,t,u,v,w,x,y,z) 0
# define sqlite3WalCallback(z)                   0
# define sqlite3WalExclusiveMode(y,z)            0
# define sqlite3WalHeapMemory(z)                 0
# define sqlite3WalFramesize(z)                  0
# define sqlite3WalFindFrame(x,y,z)              0
# define sqlite3WalFile(x)                       0

#else

#define WAL_SAVEPOINT_NDATA 4

/* Connection to a write-ahead log (WAL) file. 
** There is one object of this type for each pager. 
*/
typedef struct Wal Wal;

/* Open and close a connection to a write-ahead log. */
int sqlite3WalOpen(sqlite3_vfs*, sqlite3_file*, const char *, int, i64, Wal**);
int sqlite3WalClose(Wal *pWal, sqlite3*, int sync_flags, int, u8 *);

/* Set the limiting size of a WAL file. */
void sqlite3WalLimit(Wal*, i64);

/* Used by readers to open (lock) and close (unlock) a snapshot.  A 
** snapshot is like a read-transaction.  It is the state of the database
................................................................................
** stored in each frame (i.e. the db page-size when the WAL was created).
*/
int sqlite3WalFramesize(Wal *pWal);
#endif

/* Return the sqlite3_file object for the WAL file */
sqlite3_file *sqlite3WalFile(Wal *pWal);




#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SETLK_TIMEOUT
int sqlite3WalWriteLock(Wal *pWal, int bLock);
void sqlite3WalDb(Wal *pWal, sqlite3 *db);
#endif

#endif /* ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL */
#endif /* SQLITE_WAL_H */







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/* Macros for extracting appropriate sync flags for either transaction
** commits (WAL_SYNC_FLAGS(X)) or for checkpoint ops (CKPT_SYNC_FLAGS(X)):
*/
#define WAL_SYNC_FLAGS(X)   ((X)&0x03)
#define CKPT_SYNC_FLAGS(X)  (((X)>>2)&0x03)

#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
# define sqlite3WalOpen(w,x,y,z)                 0
# define sqlite3WalLimit(x,y)
# define sqlite3WalClose(v,w,x,y,z)              0
# define sqlite3WalBeginReadTransaction(y,z)     0
# define sqlite3WalEndReadTransaction(z)
# define sqlite3WalDbsize(y)                     0
# define sqlite3WalBeginWriteTransaction(y)      0
# define sqlite3WalEndWriteTransaction(x)        0
................................................................................
# define sqlite3WalCheckpoint(q,r,s,t,u,v,w,x,y,z) 0
# define sqlite3WalCallback(z)                   0
# define sqlite3WalExclusiveMode(y,z)            0
# define sqlite3WalHeapMemory(z)                 0
# define sqlite3WalFramesize(z)                  0
# define sqlite3WalFindFrame(x,y,z)              0
# define sqlite3WalFile(x)                       0
# define sqlite3WalJournalMode(x)                0
#else

#define WAL_SAVEPOINT_NDATA 4

/* Connection to a write-ahead log (WAL) file. 
** There is one object of this type for each pager. 
*/
typedef struct Wal Wal;

/* Open and close a connection to a write-ahead log. */
int sqlite3WalOpen(sqlite3_vfs*, sqlite3_file*, const char *,int,i64,int,Wal**);
int sqlite3WalClose(Wal *pWal, sqlite3*, int sync_flags, int, u8 *);

/* Set the limiting size of a WAL file. */
void sqlite3WalLimit(Wal*, i64);

/* Used by readers to open (lock) and close (unlock) a snapshot.  A 
** snapshot is like a read-transaction.  It is the state of the database
................................................................................
** stored in each frame (i.e. the db page-size when the WAL was created).
*/
int sqlite3WalFramesize(Wal *pWal);
#endif

/* Return the sqlite3_file object for the WAL file */
sqlite3_file *sqlite3WalFile(Wal *pWal);

/* Return the journal mode (WAL or WAL2) used by this Wal object. */
int sqlite3WalJournalMode(Wal *pWal);

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SETLK_TIMEOUT
int sqlite3WalWriteLock(Wal *pWal, int bLock);
void sqlite3WalDb(Wal *pWal, sqlite3 *db);
#endif

#endif /* ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL */
#endif /* SQLITE_WAL_H */

Changes to test/corruptA.test.

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# Corrupt the file header in various ways and make sure the corruption
# is detected when opening the database file.
#
db close
forcecopy test.db test.db-template

set unreadable_version 02
ifcapable wal { set unreadable_version 03 }
do_test corruptA-2.1 {
  forcecopy test.db-template test.db
  hexio_write test.db 19 $unreadable_version   ;# the read format number
  sqlite3 db test.db
  catchsql {SELECT * FROM t1}  
} {1 {file is not a database}}
 







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# Corrupt the file header in various ways and make sure the corruption
# is detected when opening the database file.
#
db close
forcecopy test.db test.db-template

set unreadable_version 02
ifcapable wal { set unreadable_version 04 }
do_test corruptA-2.1 {
  forcecopy test.db-template test.db
  hexio_write test.db 19 $unreadable_version   ;# the read format number
  sqlite3 db test.db
  catchsql {SELECT * FROM t1}  
} {1 {file is not a database}}
 

Changes to test/permutations.test.

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# Define the coverage related test suites:
#
#   coverage-wal
#
test_suite "coverage-wal" -description {
  Coverage tests for file wal.c.
} -files {


  wal.test wal2.test wal3.test wal4.test wal5.test
  wal64k.test wal6.test wal7.test wal8.test wal9.test
  walbak.test walbig.test walblock.test walcksum.test walcrash2.test
  walcrash3.test walcrash4.test walcrash.test walfault.test walhook.test
  walmode.test walnoshm.test waloverwrite.test walpersist.test 
  walprotocol2.test walprotocol.test walro2.test walrofault.test 
  walro.test walshared.test walslow.test walvfs.test

  walfault2.test
  nockpt.test

  snapshot2.test snapshot3.test snapshot4.test
  snapshot_fault.test snapshot.test snapshot_up.test


} 

test_suite "coverage-pager" -description {
  Coverage tests for file pager.c.
} -files {
  pager1.test    pager2.test  pagerfault.test  pagerfault2.test
  walfault.test  walbak.test  journal2.test    tkt-9d68c883.test
................................................................................
    insert.test   insert2.test  insert3.test rollback.test 
    select1.test  select2.test  select3.test
  }
}

test_suite "wal" -description {
  Run tests with journal_mode=WAL

















} -initialize {
  set ::G(savepoint6_iterations) 100
} -shutdown {
  unset -nocomplain ::G(savepoint6_iterations)
} -files {
  savepoint.test     savepoint2.test     savepoint6.test
  trans.test         avtrans.test







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# Define the coverage related test suites:
#
#   coverage-wal
#
test_suite "coverage-wal" -description {
  Coverage tests for file wal.c.
} -files {
  wal2big.test wal2recover.test wal2rewrite.test
  wal2simple.test wal2snapshot.test wal2.test
  wal3.test wal4.test wal5.test
  wal64k.test wal6.test wal7.test wal8.test wal9.test
  walbak.test walbig.test walblock.test walcksum.test 
  walfault.test walhook.test walmode.test walnoshm.test
  waloverwrite.test walpersist.test walprotocol2.test
  walprotocol.test walro2.test walrofault.test walro.test
  walshared.test walslow.test wal.test
  wal2savepoint.test wal2lock.test wal2recover2.test
  walvfs.test walfault2.test nockpt.test


  snapshot2.test snapshot3.test snapshot4.test
  snapshot_fault.test snapshot.test snapshot_up.test
  walcrash2.test walcrash3.test walcrash4.test walcrash.test
  wal2fault.test
} 

test_suite "coverage-pager" -description {
  Coverage tests for file pager.c.
} -files {
  pager1.test    pager2.test  pagerfault.test  pagerfault2.test
  walfault.test  walbak.test  journal2.test    tkt-9d68c883.test
................................................................................
    insert.test   insert2.test  insert3.test rollback.test 
    select1.test  select2.test  select3.test
  }
}

test_suite "wal" -description {
  Run tests with journal_mode=WAL
} -initialize {
  set ::G(savepoint6_iterations) 100
} -shutdown {
  unset -nocomplain ::G(savepoint6_iterations)
} -files {
  savepoint.test     savepoint2.test     savepoint6.test
  trans.test         avtrans.test

  fts3aa.test  fts3ab.test  fts3ac.test  fts3ad.test
  fts3ae.test  fts3af.test  fts3ag.test  fts3ah.test
  fts3ai.test  fts3aj.test  fts3ak.test  fts3al.test
  fts3am.test  fts3an.test  fts3ao.test  fts3b.test
  fts3c.test   fts3d.test   fts3e.test   fts3query.test 
}

test_suite "wal2" -description {
  Run tests with journal_mode=WAL2
} -initialize {
  set ::G(savepoint6_iterations) 100
} -shutdown {
  unset -nocomplain ::G(savepoint6_iterations)
} -files {
  savepoint.test     savepoint2.test     savepoint6.test
  trans.test         avtrans.test

Changes to test/rdonly.test.

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# returns 1 if the database N of connection D is read-only, 0 if it is
# read/write, or -1 if N is not the name of a database on connection D.
#
do_test rdonly-1.1.1 {
  sqlite3_db_readonly db main
} {0}

# Changes the write version from 1 to 3.  Verify that the database
# can be read but not written.
#
do_test rdonly-1.2 {
  db close
  hexio_get_int [hexio_read test.db 18 1]
} 1
do_test rdonly-1.3 {
  hexio_write test.db 18 03
  sqlite3 db test.db
  execsql {
    SELECT * FROM t1;
  }
} {1}
do_test rdonly-1.3.1 {
  sqlite3_db_readonly db main
................................................................................

# Now, after connection [db] has loaded the database schema, modify the
# write-version of the file (and the change-counter, so that the 
# write-version is reloaded). This way, SQLite does not discover that
# the database is read-only until after it is locked.
#
set ro_version 02
ifcapable wal { set ro_version 03 }
do_test rdonly-1.6 {
  hexio_write test.db 18 $ro_version     ; # write-version
  hexio_write test.db 24 11223344        ; # change-counter
  catchsql {
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(2);
  }
} {1 {attempt to write a readonly database}}

finish_test







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# returns 1 if the database N of connection D is read-only, 0 if it is
# read/write, or -1 if N is not the name of a database on connection D.
#
do_test rdonly-1.1.1 {
  sqlite3_db_readonly db main
} {0}

# Changes the write version from 1 to 4.  Verify that the database
# can be read but not written.
#
do_test rdonly-1.2 {
  db close
  hexio_get_int [hexio_read test.db 18 1]
} 1
do_test rdonly-1.3 {
  hexio_write test.db 18 04
  sqlite3 db test.db
  execsql {
    SELECT * FROM t1;
  }
} {1}
do_test rdonly-1.3.1 {
  sqlite3_db_readonly db main
................................................................................

# Now, after connection [db] has loaded the database schema, modify the
# write-version of the file (and the change-counter, so that the 
# write-version is reloaded). This way, SQLite does not discover that
# the database is read-only until after it is locked.
#
set ro_version 02
ifcapable wal { set ro_version 04 }
do_test rdonly-1.6 {
  hexio_write test.db 18 $ro_version     ; # write-version
  hexio_write test.db 24 11223344        ; # change-counter
  catchsql {
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(2);
  }
} {1 {attempt to write a readonly database}}

finish_test

Changes to test/savepoint.test.

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do_test savepoint-1.1 {
  wal_set_journal_mode
  execsql {
    SAVEPOINT sp1;
    RELEASE sp1;
  }
} {}

do_test savepoint-1.2 {
  execsql {
    SAVEPOINT sp1;
    ROLLBACK TO sp1;
  }
} {}
do_test savepoint-1.3 {
................................................................................
    CREATE TABLE t3(a, b, UNIQUE(a, b));
    ROLLBACK TO one;
  }
} {}
integrity_check savepoint-11.7
do_test savepoint-11.8 {
  execsql { ROLLBACK }
  execsql { PRAGMA wal_checkpoint }

  file size test.db
} {8192}

do_test savepoint-11.9 {
  execsql {
    DROP TABLE IF EXISTS t1;
    DROP TABLE IF EXISTS t2;







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do_test savepoint-1.1 {
  wal_set_journal_mode
  execsql {
    SAVEPOINT sp1;
    RELEASE sp1;
  }
} {}
wal_check_journal_mode savepoint-1.1
do_test savepoint-1.2 {
  execsql {
    SAVEPOINT sp1;
    ROLLBACK TO sp1;
  }
} {}
do_test savepoint-1.3 {
................................................................................
    CREATE TABLE t3(a, b, UNIQUE(a, b));
    ROLLBACK TO one;
  }
} {}
integrity_check savepoint-11.7
do_test savepoint-11.8 {
  execsql { ROLLBACK }
  db close
  sqlite3 db test.db
  file size test.db
} {8192}

do_test savepoint-11.9 {
  execsql {
    DROP TABLE IF EXISTS t1;
    DROP TABLE IF EXISTS t2;

Changes to test/savepoint6.test.

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#
# $Id: savepoint6.test,v 1.4 2009/06/05 17:09:12 drh Exp $

set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl

proc sql {zSql} {




  uplevel db eval [list $zSql]
  #puts stderr "$zSql ;"
}

set DATABASE_SCHEMA {
    PRAGMA auto_vacuum = incremental;
    CREATE TABLE t1(x, y);
................................................................................
#   rollback  NAME
#   release   NAME
#
#   insert_rows XVALUES
#   delete_rows XVALUES
#
proc savepoint {zName} {

  catch { sql "SAVEPOINT $zName" }
  lappend ::lSavepoint [list $zName [array get ::aEntry]]
}

proc rollback {zName} {

  catch { sql "ROLLBACK TO $zName" }
  for {set i [expr {[llength $::lSavepoint]-1}]} {$i>=0} {incr i -1} {
    set zSavepoint [lindex $::lSavepoint $i 0]
    if {$zSavepoint eq $zName} {
      unset -nocomplain ::aEntry
      array set ::aEntry [lindex $::lSavepoint $i 1]

................................................................................
      }
      break
    }
  }
}

proc release {zName} {

  catch { sql "RELEASE $zName" }
  for {set i [expr {[llength $::lSavepoint]-1}]} {$i>=0} {incr i -1} {
    set zSavepoint [lindex $::lSavepoint $i 0]
    if {$zSavepoint eq $zName} {
      set ::lSavepoint [lreplace $::lSavepoint $i end]
      break
    }
................................................................................

  if {[llength $::lSavepoint] == 0} {
    #puts stderr "-- End of transaction!!!!!!!!!!!!!"
  }
}

proc insert_rows {lX} {

  foreach x $lX {
    set y [x_to_y $x]

    # Update database [db]
    sql "INSERT OR REPLACE INTO t1 VALUES($x, '$y')"

    # Update the Tcl database.
    set ::aEntry($x) $y
  }
}

proc delete_rows {lX} {

  foreach x $lX {
    # Update database [db]
    sql "DELETE FROM t1 WHERE x = $x"

    # Update the Tcl database.
    unset -nocomplain ::aEntry($x)
  }
................................................................................
  set ret [list]
  for {set i 0} {$i<$nRes} {incr i} {
    lappend ret [expr int(rand()*$nRange)]
  }
  return $ret
} 
#-------------------------------------------------------------------------






proc database_op {} {
  set i [expr int(rand()*2)] 
  if {$i==0} {
    insert_rows [random_integers 100 1000]
  }
  if {$i==1} {
................................................................................
proc savepoint_op {} {
  set names {one two three four five}
  set cmds  {savepoint savepoint savepoint savepoint release rollback}

  set C [lindex $cmds [expr int(rand()*6)]]
  set N [lindex $names [expr int(rand()*5)]]

  #puts stderr "   $C $N ;  "
  #flush stderr

  $C $N
  return ok
}

expr srand(0)

############################################################################







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#
# $Id: savepoint6.test,v 1.4 2009/06/05 17:09:12 drh Exp $

set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl

proc sql {zSql} {
  if {0 && $::debug_op} {
    puts stderr "$zSql ;"
    flush stderr
  }
  uplevel db eval [list $zSql]
  #puts stderr "$zSql ;"
}

set DATABASE_SCHEMA {
    PRAGMA auto_vacuum = incremental;
    CREATE TABLE t1(x, y);
................................................................................
#   rollback  NAME
#   release   NAME
#
#   insert_rows XVALUES
#   delete_rows XVALUES
#
proc savepoint {zName} {
  if {$::debug_op} { puts stderr "savepoint $zName" ; flush stderr }
  catch { sql "SAVEPOINT $zName" }
  lappend ::lSavepoint [list $zName [array get ::aEntry]]
}

proc rollback {zName} {
  if {$::debug_op} { puts stderr "rollback $zName" ; flush stderr }
  catch { sql "ROLLBACK TO $zName" }
  for {set i [expr {[llength $::lSavepoint]-1}]} {$i>=0} {incr i -1} {
    set zSavepoint [lindex $::lSavepoint $i 0]
    if {$zSavepoint eq $zName} {
      unset -nocomplain ::aEntry
      array set ::aEntry [lindex $::lSavepoint $i 1]

................................................................................
      }
      break
    }
  }
}

proc release {zName} {
  if {$::debug_op} { puts stderr "release $zName" ; flush stderr }
  catch { sql "RELEASE $zName" }
  for {set i [expr {[llength $::lSavepoint]-1}]} {$i>=0} {incr i -1} {
    set zSavepoint [lindex $::lSavepoint $i 0]
    if {$zSavepoint eq $zName} {
      set ::lSavepoint [lreplace $::lSavepoint $i end]
      break
    }
................................................................................

  if {[llength $::lSavepoint] == 0} {
    #puts stderr "-- End of transaction!!!!!!!!!!!!!"
  }
}

proc insert_rows {lX} {
  if {$::debug_op} { puts stderr "insert_rows $lX" ; flush stderr }
  foreach x $lX {
    set y [x_to_y $x]

    # Update database [db]
    sql "INSERT OR REPLACE INTO t1 VALUES($x, '$y')"

    # Update the Tcl database.
    set ::aEntry($x) $y
  }
}

proc delete_rows {lX} {
  if {$::debug_op} { puts stderr "delete_rows $lX" ; flush stderr }
  foreach x $lX {
    # Update database [db]
    sql "DELETE FROM t1 WHERE x = $x"

    # Update the Tcl database.
    unset -nocomplain ::aEntry($x)
  }
................................................................................
  set ret [list]
  for {set i 0} {$i<$nRes} {incr i} {
    lappend ret [expr int(rand()*$nRange)]
  }
  return $ret
} 
#-------------------------------------------------------------------------

set ::debug_op 0
proc debug_ops {} {
  set ::debug_op 1
}

proc database_op {} {
  set i [expr int(rand()*2)] 
  if {$i==0} {
    insert_rows [random_integers 100 1000]
  }
  if {$i==1} {
................................................................................
proc savepoint_op {} {
  set names {one two three four five}
  set cmds  {savepoint savepoint savepoint savepoint release rollback}

  set C [lindex $cmds [expr int(rand()*6)]]
  set N [lindex $names [expr int(rand()*5)]]




  $C $N
  return ok
}

expr srand(0)

############################################################################

Changes to test/tester.tcl.

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# Create a test database
#
proc reset_db {} {
  catch {db close}
  forcedelete test.db
  forcedelete test.db-journal
  forcedelete test.db-wal

  sqlite3 db ./test.db
  set ::DB [sqlite3_connection_pointer db]
  if {[info exists ::SETUP_SQL]} {
    db eval $::SETUP_SQL
  }
}
reset_db
................................................................................
#     Otherwise (if not running a WAL permutation) this is a no-op.
#
#   wal_is_wal_mode
#
#     Returns true if this test should be run in WAL mode. False otherwise.
#
proc wal_is_wal_mode {} {
  expr {[permutation] eq "wal"}


}
proc wal_set_journal_mode {{db db}} {
  if { [wal_is_wal_mode] } {




    $db eval "PRAGMA journal_mode = WAL"





  }
}
proc wal_check_journal_mode {testname {db db}} {
  if { [wal_is_wal_mode] } {
    $db eval { SELECT * FROM sqlite_master }




    do_test $testname [list $db eval "PRAGMA main.journal_mode"] {wal}
  }
}

proc wal_is_capable {} {
  ifcapable !wal { return 0 }
  if {[permutation]=="journaltest"} { return 0 }
  return 1







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# Create a test database
#
proc reset_db {} {
  catch {db close}
  forcedelete test.db
  forcedelete test.db-journal
  forcedelete test.db-wal
  forcedelete test.db-wal2
  sqlite3 db ./test.db
  set ::DB [sqlite3_connection_pointer db]
  if {[info exists ::SETUP_SQL]} {
    db eval $::SETUP_SQL
  }
}
reset_db
................................................................................
#     Otherwise (if not running a WAL permutation) this is a no-op.
#
#   wal_is_wal_mode
#
#     Returns true if this test should be run in WAL mode. False otherwise.
#
proc wal_is_wal_mode {} {
  if {[permutation] eq "wal"} { return 1 }
  if {[permutation] eq "wal2"} { return 2 }
  return 0
}
proc wal_set_journal_mode {{db db}} {
  switch -- [wal_is_wal_mode] {
    0 {
    }

    1 {
      $db eval "PRAGMA journal_mode = WAL"
    }

    2 {
      $db eval "PRAGMA journal_mode = WAL2"
    }
  }
}
proc wal_check_journal_mode {testname {db db}} {
  if { [wal_is_wal_mode] } {
    $db eval { SELECT * FROM sqlite_master }
    set expected "wal"
    if {[wal_is_wal_mode]==2} {
      set expected "wal2"
    }
    do_test $testname [list $db eval "PRAGMA main.journal_mode"] $expected
  }
}

proc wal_is_capable {} {
  ifcapable !wal { return 0 }
  if {[permutation]=="journaltest"} { return 0 }
  return 1

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      CREATE TABLE aux.t2(a, b);
      PRAGMA main.journal_mode = WAL;
      PRAGMA aux.journal_mode = WAL;
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES('x', 'y');
      INSERT INTO t2 VALUES('x', 'y');
    }
    lsort [array names ::T1]
  } {test.db1 test.db1-journal test.db1-wal}
  
  do_test 5.1.2 {
    lsort [array names ::T2]
  } {test.db2 test.db2-journal test.db2-wal}
  db close
  
  tvfs1 delete
  tvfs2 delete
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------







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      CREATE TABLE aux.t2(a, b);
      PRAGMA main.journal_mode = WAL;
      PRAGMA aux.journal_mode = WAL;
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES('x', 'y');
      INSERT INTO t2 VALUES('x', 'y');
    }
    lsort [array names ::T1]
  } {test.db1 test.db1-journal test.db1-wal test.db1-wal2}
  
  do_test 5.1.2 {
    lsort [array names ::T2]
  } {test.db2 test.db2-journal test.db2-wal test.db2-wal2}
  db close
  
  tvfs1 delete
  tvfs2 delete
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------

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  5   2048    1
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  7   8192    1
  8  16384    1
  9  32768    1
 10  65536    1
 11 131072    0
 11   1016    0
} {

  if {$::SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE < $pgsz} {
    set works 0
  }

  for {set pg 1} {$pg <= 3} {incr pg} {
    forcecopy testX.db test.db
    forcedelete test.db-wal
  
    # Check that the database now exists and consists of three pages. And
    # that there is no associated wal file.
    #
    do_test wal-18.2.$tn.$pg.1 { file exists test.db-wal } 0
    do_test wal-18.2.$tn.$pg.2 { file exists test.db } 1
    do_test wal-18.2.$tn.$pg.3 { file size test.db } [expr 1024*3]
  
    do_test wal-18.2.$tn.$pg.4 {

      # Create a wal file that contains a single frame (database page
      # number $pg) with the commit flag set. The frame checksum is
      # correct, but the contents of the database page are corrupt.
      #
      # The page-size in the log file header is set to $pgsz. If the
................................................................................

      set fd [open test.db-wal w]
      fconfigure $fd -encoding binary -translation binary
      puts -nonewline $fd $walhdr
      puts -nonewline $fd $framehdr
      puts -nonewline $fd $framebody
      close $fd
  
      file size test.db-wal
    } [wal_file_size 1 $pgsz]
  
    do_test wal-18.2.$tn.$pg.5 {
      sqlite3 db test.db
      set rc [catch { db one {PRAGMA integrity_check} } msg]
      expr { $rc!=0 || $msg!="ok" }
    } $works
  
    db close
  }
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# The following test - wal-19.* - fixes a bug that was present during
# development.







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} {

  if {$::SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE < $pgsz} {
    set works 0
  }

  for {set pg 1} {$pg <= 3} {incr pg} {
    forcecopy testX.db test.db
    forcedelete test.db-wal

    # Check that the database now exists and consists of three pages. And
    # that there is no associated wal file.
    #
    do_test wal-18.2.$tn.$pg.1 { file exists test.db-wal } 0
    do_test wal-18.2.$tn.$pg.2 { file exists test.db } 1
    do_test wal-18.2.$tn.$pg.3 { file size test.db } [expr 1024*3]

    do_test wal-18.2.$tn.$pg.4 {

      # Create a wal file that contains a single frame (database page
      # number $pg) with the commit flag set. The frame checksum is
      # correct, but the contents of the database page are corrupt.
      #
      # The page-size in the log file header is set to $pgsz. If the
................................................................................

      set fd [open test.db-wal w]
      fconfigure $fd -encoding binary -translation binary
      puts -nonewline $fd $walhdr
      puts -nonewline $fd $framehdr
      puts -nonewline $fd $framebody
      close $fd

      file size test.db-wal
    } [wal_file_size 1 $pgsz]

    do_test wal-18.2.$tn.$pg.5 {
      sqlite3 db test.db
      set rc [catch { db one {PRAGMA integrity_check} } msg]
      expr { $rc!=0 || $msg!="ok" }
    } $works
 
    db close
  }
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# The following test - wal-19.* - fixes a bug that was present during
# development.

Added test/wal2big.test.















































































































































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# 2017 September 19
#
# The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
# a legal notice, here is a blessing:
#
#    May you do good and not evil.
#    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
#    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
#
#***********************************************************************
# This file implements regression tests for SQLite library.  The
# focus of this file is testing the operation of the library in
# "PRAGMA journal_mode=WAL2" mode.
#

set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl
source $testdir/lock_common.tcl
source $testdir/malloc_common.tcl
source $testdir/wal_common.tcl

set testprefix wal2big
ifcapable !wal {finish_test ; return }

do_execsql_test 1.0 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(a, b, c);
  CREATE INDEX t1a ON t1(a);
  CREATE INDEX t1b ON t1(b);
  CREATE INDEX t1c ON t1(c);
  PRAGMA journal_mode = wal2;
  PRAGMA journal_size_limit = 10000000;

  WITH s(i) AS (
    SELECT 1 UNION ALL SELECT i+1 FROM s WHERE i<200000
  )
  INSERT INTO t1 SELECT random(), random(), random() FROM s;
} {wal2 10000000}

do_execsql_test 1.1 {
  WITH s(i) AS (
    SELECT 1 UNION ALL SELECT i+1 FROM s WHERE i<200000
  )
  INSERT INTO t1 SELECT random(), random(), random() FROM s;
}

do_test 1.2 {
  list [expr [file size test.db-wal]>10000000] \
       [expr [file size test.db-wal2]>10000000]
} {1 1}

do_test 1.3 {
  sqlite3 db2 test.db
  execsql {
    SELECT count(*) FROM t1;
    PRAGMA integrity_check;
  } db2
} {400000 ok}

do_test 1.4 {
  db2 close
  forcecopy test.db test.db2
  forcecopy test.db-wal test.db2-wal
  forcecopy test.db-wal2 test.db2-wal2
  sqlite3 db2 test.db2
  execsql {
    SELECT count(*) FROM t1;
    PRAGMA integrity_check;
  }
} {400000 ok}

finish_test

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# 2010 May 03
#
# The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
# a legal notice, here is a blessing:
#
#    May you do good and not evil.
#    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
#    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
#
#***********************************************************************
# This file implements regression tests for SQLite library.  The
# focus of this file is testing the operation of the library in
# "PRAGMA journal_mode=WAL" mode.
#

set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl
source $testdir/malloc_common.tcl
source $testdir/lock_common.tcl

ifcapable !wal {finish_test ; return }
set testprefix wal2fault

do_execsql_test 1.0 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(x,y);
  PRAGMA journal_mode = wal2;
  WITH s(i) AS ( SELECT 100 UNION ALL SELECT i-1 FROM s WHERE (i-1)>0 )
  INSERT INTO t1 SELECT i, randomblob(i) FROM s;
  WITH s(i) AS ( SELECT 100 UNION ALL SELECT i-1 FROM s WHERE (i-1)>0 )
  INSERT INTO t1 SELECT i, randomblob(i) FROM s;
} {wal2}

do_test 1.1 {
  expr [file size test.db-wal]>10000
} {1}
faultsim_save_and_close

do_faultsim_test 1 -prep {
  faultsim_restore_and_reopen
  execsql {
    PRAGMA journal_size_limit = 10000;
    SELECT count(*) FROM sqlite_master;
  }
} -body {
  execsql {
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1, 2);
  }
} -test {
  faultsim_test_result {0 {}}
}

finish_test

Added test/wal2lock.test.





















































































































































































































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# 2018 December 15
#
# The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
# a legal notice, here is a blessing:
#
#    May you do good and not evil.
#    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
#    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
#
#***********************************************************************
# This file implements regression tests for SQLite library.  The
# focus of this file is testing the operation of the library in
# "PRAGMA journal_mode=WAL2" mode.
#

set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl
source $testdir/lock_common.tcl
source $testdir/malloc_common.tcl
source $testdir/wal_common.tcl

set testprefix wal2lock
ifcapable !wal {finish_test ; return }

db close
testvfs tvfs 
sqlite3 db test.db -vfs tvfs

do_execsql_test 1.0 {
  PRAGMA journal_mode = wal2;
  CREATE TABLE y1(y, yy);
  CREATE INDEX y1y ON y1(y);
  CREATE INDEX y1yy ON y1(yy);
  INSERT INTO y1 VALUES(1, 2), (3, 4), (5, 6);
} {wal2}

tvfs script vfs_callback
tvfs filter xShmLock

set ::lock [list]
proc vfs_callback {func file name lock} {
  lappend ::lock $lock
  return SQLITE_OK
}

do_execsql_test 1.1.1 {
  SELECT * FROM y1
} {1 2 3 4 5 6}
do_test 1.1.2 {
  set ::lock
} {{4 1 lock shared} {4 1 unlock shared}}

set ::bFirst 1
proc vfs_callback {func file name lock} {
  if {$::bFirst} {
    set ::bFirst 0
    return SQLITE_BUSY
  }
  return SQLITE_OK
}
do_execsql_test 1.2 {
  SELECT * FROM y1
} {1 2 3 4 5 6}

set ::bFirst 1
proc vfs_callback {func file name lock} {
  if {$::bFirst} {
    set ::bFirst 0
    return SQLITE_IOERR
  }
  return SQLITE_OK
}
do_catchsql_test 1.3 {
  SELECT * FROM y1
} {1 {disk I/O error}}

puts "# Warning: This next test case causes SQLite to call xSleep(1) 100 times."
puts "# Normally this equates to a delay of roughly 10 seconds, but if SQLite"
puts "# is built on unix without HAVE_USLEEP defined, it may be much longer."
proc vfs_callback {func file name lock} { return SQLITE_BUSY }
do_catchsql_test 1.4 {
  SELECT * FROM y1
} {1 {locking protocol}}
proc vfs_callback {func file name lock} { return SQLITE_OK }

sqlite3 db2 test.db -vfs tvfs
set ::bFirst 1

proc vfs_callback {func file name lock} {
  if {$::bFirst} {
    set ::bFirst 0
    db2 eval { INSERT INTO y1 VALUES(7, 8) }
  }
}

do_execsql_test 1.5.1 {
  SELECT * FROM y1
} {1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8}
do_execsql_test 1.5.2 {
  SELECT * FROM y1
} {1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8}

db close
db2 close
tvfs delete
finish_test

Added test/wal2recover.test.



















































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































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# 2018 December 13
#
# The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
# a legal notice, here is a blessing:
#
#    May you do good and not evil.
#    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
#    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
#
#***********************************************************************
# This file implements regression tests for SQLite library.  The
# focus of this file is testing the operation of the library in
# "PRAGMA journal_mode=WAL2" mode.
#

set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl
source $testdir/lock_common.tcl
source $testdir/malloc_common.tcl
source $testdir/wal_common.tcl

set testprefix wal2recover
ifcapable !wal {finish_test ; return }

proc db_copy {from to} {
  forcecopy $from $to
  forcecopy ${from}-wal ${to}-wal
  forcecopy ${from}-wal2 ${to}-wal2
}

do_execsql_test 1.0 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(a, b, c);
  CREATE INDEX t1a ON t1(a);
  CREATE INDEX t1b ON t1(b);
  CREATE INDEX t1c ON t1(c);
  PRAGMA journal_mode = wal2;
  PRAGMA journal_size_limit = 15000;
  PRAGMA wal_autocheckpoint = 0;
} {wal2 15000 0}

do_test 1.1 {
  for {set i 1} {$i <= 1000} {incr i} {
    execsql { INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(random(), random(), random()) }
    db_copy test.db test.db2
    sqlite3 db2 test.db
    set res [execsql {
      SELECT count(*) FROM t1;
      PRAGMA integrity_check;
    } db2]
    db2 close
    if {$res != [list $i ok]} {
      error "failure on iteration $i"
    }
  }
  set {} {}
} {}

#--------------------------------------------------------------------------
reset_db
do_execsql_test 2.0 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(x UNIQUE);
  CREATE TABLE t2(x UNIQUE);
  PRAGMA journal_mode = wal2;
  PRAGMA journal_size_limit = 10000;
  PRAGMA wal_autocheckpoint = 0;
  BEGIN;
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(randomblob(4000));
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(randomblob(4000));
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(randomblob(4000));
  COMMIT;
  BEGIN;
    INSERT INTO t2 VALUES(randomblob(4000));
    INSERT INTO t2 VALUES(randomblob(4000));
    INSERT INTO t2 VALUES(randomblob(4000));
  COMMIT;
} {wal2 10000 0}
do_test 2.0.1 {
  list [file size test.db] [file size test.db-wal] [file size test.db-wal2]
} {5120 28328 28328}

# Test recovery with both wal files intact.
#
do_test 2.1 {
  db_copy test.db test.db2
  sqlite3 db2 test.db2
  execsql {
    SELECT count(*) FROM t1;
    SELECT count(*) FROM t2;
    PRAGMA integrity_check;
  } db2
} {3 3 ok}

do_test 2.2 {
  db2 close
  db_copy test.db test.db2
  hexio_write test.db2-wal 16 12345678
  sqlite3 db2 test.db2
  execsql {
    SELECT count(*) FROM t1;
    SELECT count(*) FROM t2;
  } db2
} {0 3}

do_test 2.3 {
  db2 close
  db_copy test.db test.db2
  hexio_write test.db2-wal2 16 12345678
  sqlite3 db2 test.db2
  execsql {
    SELECT count(*) FROM t1;
    SELECT count(*) FROM t2;
    PRAGMA integrity_check;
  } db2
} {3 0 ok}

do_test 2.4 {
  db2 close
  db_copy test.db test.db2
  forcecopy test.db-wal test.db2-wal2
  sqlite3 db2 test.db2
  execsql {
    SELECT count(*) FROM t1;
    SELECT count(*) FROM t2;
    PRAGMA integrity_check;
  } db2
} {3 0 ok}

do_test 2.5 {
  db2 close
  db_copy test.db test.db2
  forcecopy test.db-wal  test.db2-wal2
  forcecopy test.db-wal2  test.db2-wal
  sqlite3 db2 test.db2
  execsql {
    SELECT count(*) FROM t1;
    SELECT count(*) FROM t2;
    PRAGMA integrity_check;
  } db2
} {3 3 ok}

do_test 2.6 {
  db2 close
  db_copy test.db test.db2
  forcecopy test.db-wal test.db2-wal2
  close [open test.db-wal w]
  sqlite3 db2 test.db2
  execsql {
    SELECT count(*) FROM t1;
    SELECT count(*) FROM t2;
    PRAGMA integrity_check;
  } db2
} {3 0 ok}

do_test 2.7 {
  db2 close
  db_copy test.db test.db2
  forcedelete test.db2-wal
  sqlite3 db2 test.db2
  execsql {
    SELECT count(*) FROM t1;
    SELECT count(*) FROM t2;
    PRAGMA integrity_check;
  } db2
} {0 0 ok}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
reset_db
do_execsql_test 3.0 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(a TEXT, b TEXT, c TEXT);
  CREATE INDEX t1a ON t1(a);
  CREATE INDEX t1b ON t1(b);
  CREATE INDEX t1c ON t1(c);
  PRAGMA journal_mode = wal2;
  PRAGMA journal_size_limit = 10000;
  PRAGMA wal_autocheckpoint = 0;
  PRAGMA cache_size = 5;
} {wal2 10000 0}

do_execsql_test 3.1 {
  WITH s(i) AS ( SELECT 1 UNION ALL SELECT i+1 FROM s where i < 200)
  INSERT INTO t1 SELECT i, i, i FROM s;

  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(201, 201, 201);
} {}

do_test 3.2 {
  list [file size test.db] [file size test.db-wal] [file size test.db-wal2]
} {5120 15752 4224}

do_test 3.3 {
  forcecopy test.db test.db2
  forcecopy test.db-wal test.db2-wal
  forcecopy test.db-wal2 test.db2-wal2
  sqlite3 db2 test.db2
  execsql {
    PRAGMA journal_size_limit = 10000;
    PRAGMA wal_autocheckpoint = 0;
    PRAGMA cache_size = 5;
    BEGIN;
      WITH s(i) AS ( SELECT 1 UNION ALL SELECT i+1 FROM s where i < 200)
      INSERT INTO t1 SELECT i, i, i FROM s;
  } db2
  list [file size test.db2] [file size test.db2-wal] [file size test.db2-wal2]
} {5120 15752 23088}

do_test 3.4 {
  set fd [open test.db2-shm]
  fconfigure $fd -encoding binary -translation binary
  set data [read $fd]
  close $fd

  set fd [open test.db-shm w]
  fconfigure $fd -encoding binary -translation binary
  puts -nonewline $fd $data
  close $fd

  execsql {
    WITH s(i) AS ( SELECT 1 UNION ALL SELECT i+1 FROM s where i < 10)
      INSERT INTO t1 SELECT i, i, i FROM s;
    SELECT count(*) FROM t1;
    PRAGMA integrity_check;
  }
} {211 ok}

do_test 3.5 {
  list [file size test.db] [file size test.db-wal] [file size test.db-wal2]
} {5120 15752 18896}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
reset_db
do_execsql_test 4.0 {
  PRAGMA journal_mode = wal2;
  CREATE TABLE xyz(x, y, z);
  INSERT INTO xyz VALUES('x', 'y', 'z');
} {wal2}
db close
do_test 4.1 {
  close [open test.db-wal w]
  file mkdir test.db-wal2
  sqlite3 db test.db
  catchsql { SELECT * FROM xyz }
} {1 {unable to open database file}}
db close
file delete test.db-wal2

do_test 4.2 {
  sqlite3 db test.db
  execsql { 
    INSERT INTO xyz VALUES('a', 'b', 'c');
  }
  forcecopy test.db test.db2
  forcecopy test.db-wal test.db2-wal
  forcedelete test.db2-wal2
  file mkdir test.db2-wal2
  sqlite3 db2 test.db2
  catchsql { SELECT * FROM xyz } db2
} {1 {unable to open database file}}
db2 close
file delete test.db2-wal2


finish_test

Added test/wal2recover2.test.



















































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































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# 2018 December 13
#
# The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
# a legal notice, here is a blessing:
#
#    May you do good and not evil.
#    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
#    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
#
#***********************************************************************
# This file implements regression tests for SQLite library.  The
# focus of this file is testing the operation of the library in
# "PRAGMA journal_mode=WAL2" mode.
#

set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl
source $testdir/lock_common.tcl
source $testdir/malloc_common.tcl
source $testdir/wal_common.tcl

set testprefix wal2recover2
ifcapable !wal {finish_test ; return }

do_execsql_test 1.0 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(x);
  CREATE TABLE t2(x);
  WITH s(i) AS ( VALUES(1) UNION ALL SELECT i+1 FROM s WHERE i<1500 )
    INSERT INTO t1 SELECT i FROM s;
  WITH s(i) AS ( VALUES(1) UNION ALL SELECT i+1 FROM s WHERE i<1500 )
    INSERT INTO t2 SELECT i FROM s;

  PRAGMA journal_mode = wal2;
  PRAGMA journal_size_limit = 10000;
} {wal2 10000}

set ::L 1125750
set ::M 1126500
set ::H 1127250

do_execsql_test 1.1 {
  UPDATE t1 SET x=x+1;
  UPDATE t2 SET x=x+1 WHERE rowid<=750;

  SELECT sum(x) FROM t1;
  SELECT sum(x) FROM t2;
} [list $H $M]

do_test 1.2 {
  list [file size test.db] [file size test.db-wal] [file size test.db-wal2]
} {31744 14704 7368}

proc cksum {zIn data} {
  if {[string length $zIn]==0} {
    set s0 0
    set s1 0
  } else {
    set s0 [hexio_get_int [string range $zIn 0 7]]
    set s1 [hexio_get_int [string range $zIn 8 15]]
  }
  set n [expr [string length $data] / 8]

  for {set i 0} {$i < $n} {incr i 2} {
    set x0 [hexio_get_int -l [string range $data [expr $i*8]   [expr $i*8+7]]]
    set x1 [hexio_get_int -l [string range $data [expr $i*8+8] [expr $i*8+8+7]]]

    set s0 [expr ($s0 + $x0 + $s1) & 0xFFFFFFFF]
    set s1 [expr ($s1 + $x1 + $s0) & 0xFFFFFFFF]
  }

  return "[hexio_render_int32 $s0][hexio_render_int32 $s1]"
}

proc fix_wal_cksums {file} {
  # Fix the checksum on the wal header.
  set data [hexio_read $file 0 32]
  set cksum [cksum {} [string range $data 0 47]]
  set salt [hexio_read $file 16 8]
  hexio_write $file 24 $cksum

  # Fix the checksums for all pages in the wal file.
  set pgsz [hexio_get_int [hexio_read $file 8 4]]
  set sz [file size $file]
  for {set off 32} {$off < $sz} {incr off [expr $pgsz+24]} {
    set e [hexio_read $file $off 8]
    set cksum [cksum $cksum $e]

    set p [hexio_read $file [expr $off+24] $pgsz]
    set cksum [cksum $cksum $p]

    hexio_write $file [expr $off+8] $salt
    hexio_write $file [expr $off+16] $cksum
  }
}

proc wal_incr_hdrfield {file field} {
  switch -- $field {
    nCkpt { set offset 12 }
    salt0 { set offset 16 }
    salt1 { set offset 20 }
    default {
      error "unknown field $field - should be \"nCkpt\", \"salt0\" or \"salt1\""
    }
  }

  # Increment the value in the wal header.
  set v [hexio_get_int [hexio_read $file $offset 4]]
  incr v
  hexio_write $file $offset [hexio_render_int32 $v]
  
  # Fix various checksums
  fix_wal_cksums $file
}

proc wal_set_nckpt {file val} {
  # Increment the value in the wal header.
  hexio_write $file 12 [hexio_render_int32 $val]
  
  # Fix various checksums
  fix_wal_cksums $file
}

proc wal_set_follow {file prevfile} {
  set pgsz [hexio_get_int [hexio_read $prevfile 8 4]]
  set sz [file size $prevfile]
  set cksum [hexio_read $prevfile [expr $sz-$pgsz-8] 8]

  hexio_write $file 16 $cksum
  fix_wal_cksums $file
}

foreach {tn file field} {
  1 test.db2-wal    salt0
  2 test.db2-wal    salt1
  3 test.db2-wal    nCkpt
  4 test.db2-wal2   salt0
  5 test.db2-wal2   salt1
  6 test.db2-wal2   nCkpt
} {
  do_test 1.3.$tn {
    forcecopy test.db test.db2
    forcecopy test.db-wal test.db2-wal
    forcecopy test.db-wal2 test.db2-wal2
    wal_incr_hdrfield $file $field
    sqlite3 db2 test.db2
    execsql {
      SELECT sum(x) FROM t1;
      SELECT sum(x) FROM t2;
    } db2
  } [list $H $L]
  db2 close
}

do_test 1.4 {
  forcecopy test.db test.db2
  forcecopy test.db-wal2 test.db2-wal
  forcedelete test.db2-wal2
  sqlite3 db2 test.db2
  execsql {
    SELECT sum(x) FROM t1;
    SELECT sum(x) FROM t2;
  } db2
} [list $L $M]

do_test 1.5 {
  forcecopy test.db test.db2
  forcecopy test.db-wal2 test.db2-wal
  forcecopy test.db-wal test.db2-wal2
  sqlite3 db2 test.db2
  execsql {
    SELECT sum(x) FROM t1;
    SELECT sum(x) FROM t2;
  } db2
} [list $H $M]

foreach {tn file field} {
  1 test.db2-wal    salt0
  2 test.db2-wal    salt1
  3 test.db2-wal2   salt0
  4 test.db2-wal2   salt1
} {
  do_test 1.6.$tn {
    forcecopy test.db test.db2
    forcecopy test.db-wal2 test.db2-wal
    forcecopy test.db-wal test.db2-wal2
    wal_incr_hdrfield $file $field
    sqlite3 db2 test.db2
    execsql {
      SELECT sum(x) FROM t1;
      SELECT sum(x) FROM t2;
    } db2
  } [list $H $L]
  db2 close
}

foreach {tn nCkpt1 nCkpt2 res} [list \
  1   2 1   "$H $M"                  \
  2   2 2   "$L $M"                  \
  3   3 1   "$H $L"                  \
  4   15 14 "$H $M"                  \
  5   0 15  "$H $M"                  \
  6   1 15  "$L $M"                  \
] {
  do_test 1.7.$tn {
    forcecopy test.db test.db2
    forcecopy test.db-wal2 test.db2-wal
    forcecopy test.db-wal test.db2-wal2

    wal_set_nckpt test.db2-wal2 $nCkpt2
    wal_set_nckpt test.db2-wal  $nCkpt1
    wal_set_follow test.db2-wal test.db2-wal2


    sqlite3 db2 test.db2
    execsql {
      SELECT sum(x) FROM t1;
      SELECT sum(x) FROM t2;
    } db2
  } $res
  db2 close
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
reset_db
do_execsql_test 1.8.1 {
  PRAGMA autovacuum = 0;
  PRAGMA page_size = 4096;
  CREATE TABLE t1(x);
  CREATE TABLE t2(x);
  WITH s(i) AS ( VALUES(1) UNION ALL SELECT i+1 FROM s WHERE i<1500 )
    INSERT INTO t1 SELECT i FROM s;
  WITH s(i) AS ( VALUES(1) UNION ALL SELECT i+1 FROM s WHERE i<1500 )
    INSERT INTO t2 SELECT i FROM s;

  PRAGMA journal_mode = wal2;
  PRAGMA journal_size_limit = 10000;

  WITH s(i) AS ( VALUES(1) UNION ALL SELECT i+1 FROM s WHERE i<1500 )
    INSERT INTO t2 SELECT i FROM s;
} {wal2 10000}

do_test 1.8.2 {
  list [file size test.db-wal] [file size test.db-wal2]
} {24752 0}

do_execsql_test 1.8.3 { PRAGMA user_version = 123 }
do_test 1.8.4 {
  list [file size test.db-wal] [file size test.db-wal2]
} {24752 4152}

do_test 1.8.5 {
  hexio_write test.db-wal2 [expr 56+16] 0400
  fix_wal_cksums test.db-wal2
} {}

do_test 1.8.6 {
  forcecopy test.db test.db2
  forcecopy test.db-wal test.db2-wal
  forcecopy test.db-wal2 test.db2-wal2
  sqlite3 db2 test.db2
  catchsql { SELECT * FROM sqlite_master } db2
} {1 {malformed database schema (?)}}
db2 close

finish_test

Added test/wal2rewrite.test.

























































































































































































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# 2017 September 19
#
# The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
# a legal notice, here is a blessing:
#
#    May you do good and not evil.
#    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
#    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
#
#***********************************************************************
# This file implements regression tests for SQLite library.  The
# focus of this file is testing the operation of the library in
# "PRAGMA journal_mode=WAL2" mode.
#

set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl
source $testdir/lock_common.tcl
source $testdir/malloc_common.tcl
source $testdir/wal_common.tcl

set testprefix wal2rewrite
ifcapable !wal {finish_test ; return }

proc filesize {filename} {
  if {[file exists $filename]} {
    return [file size $filename]
  }
  return 0
}

foreach {tn jrnlmode} {
  1 wal
  2 wal2
} {
  reset_db
  execsql "PRAGMA journal_mode = $jrnlmode"
  do_execsql_test $tn.1 {
    PRAGMA journal_size_limit = 10000;
    PRAGMA cache_size = 5;
    PRAGMA wal_autocheckpoint = 10;
  
    CREATE TABLE t1(a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, b INTEGER, c BLOB);
    CREATE INDEX t1b ON t1(b);
    CREATE INDEX t1c ON t1(c);
  
    WITH s(i) AS (
      SELECT 1 UNION SELECT i+1 FROM s WHERE i<10
    )
    INSERT INTO t1 SELECT i, i, randomblob(800) FROM s;
  } {10000 10}
  
  for {set i 0} {$i < 4} {incr i} {
    do_execsql_test $tn.$i.1 {
      UPDATE t1 SET c=randomblob(800) WHERE (b%10)==5 AND ($i%2)
    }
    do_execsql_test $tn.$i.2 {
      BEGIN;
      UPDATE t1 SET b=b+10, c=randomblob(800);
      UPDATE t1 SET b=b+10, c=randomblob(800);
      UPDATE t1 SET b=b+10, c=randomblob(800);
      UPDATE t1 SET b=b+10, c=randomblob(800);
      UPDATE t1 SET b=b+10, c=randomblob(800);
      UPDATE t1 SET b=b+10, c=randomblob(800);
      UPDATE t1 SET b=b+10, c=randomblob(800);
      UPDATE t1 SET b=b+10, c=randomblob(800);
      UPDATE t1 SET b=b+10, c=randomblob(800);
      UPDATE t1 SET b=b+10, c=randomblob(800);
    }
    execsql COMMIT

    do_test $tn.$i.3 { expr [filesize test.db-wal]  < 100000 } 1
    do_test $tn.$i.4 { expr [filesize test.db-wal2] < 100000 } 1

    set sum [db eval {SELECT sum(b), md5sum(c) FROM t1}]

    do_test $tn.$i.5 {
      foreach f [glob -nocomplain test.db2*] {forcedelete $f}
      foreach f [glob -nocomplain test.db*] {
        forcecopy $f [string map {test.db test.db2} $f]
      }

      sqlite3 db2 test.db2
      db2 eval {SELECT sum(b), md5sum(c) FROM t1}
    } $sum
    db2 close
  }
}
    


finish_test

Added test/wal2rollback.test.





























































































































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# 2017 September 19
#
# The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
# a legal notice, here is a blessing:
#
#    May you do good and not evil.
#    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
#    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
#
#***********************************************************************
# This file implements regression tests for SQLite library.  The
# focus of this file is testing the operation of the library in
# "PRAGMA journal_mode=WAL2" mode.
#

set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl
source $testdir/lock_common.tcl
source $testdir/malloc_common.tcl
source $testdir/wal_common.tcl

set testprefix wal2rollback
ifcapable !wal {finish_test ; return }

do_execsql_test 1.0 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(a, b, c);
  CREATE TABLE t2(a, b, c);
  CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(a);
  CREATE INDEX i2 ON t1(b);
  PRAGMA journal_mode = wal2;
  PRAGMA cache_size = 5;
  PRAGMA journal_size_limit = 10000;
  WITH s(i) AS (
    SELECT 1 UNION ALL SELECT i+1 FROM s LIMIT 1000
  )
  INSERT INTO t1 SELECT i, i, randomblob(200) FROM s;
} {wal2 10000}

do_test 1.1 {
  expr [file size test.db-wal] > 10000
} 1

do_test 1.2 {
  execsql {
    BEGIN;
      UPDATE t1 SET b=b+1;
      INSERT INTO t2 VALUES(1,2,3);
  }
  expr [file size test.db-wal2] > 10000
} {1}

breakpoint
do_execsql_test 1.3 {
  ROLLBACK;
  SELECT * FROM t2;
  SELECT count(*) FROM t1 WHERE a=b;
  PRAGMA integrity_check;
} {1000 ok}



finish_test

Added test/wal2savepoint.test.



















































































































































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# 2018 December 13
#
# The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
# a legal notice, here is a blessing:
#
#    May you do good and not evil.
#    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
#    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
#
#***********************************************************************
# This file implements regression tests for SQLite library.  The
# focus of this file is testing the operation of the library in
# "PRAGMA journal_mode=WAL2" mode.
#

set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl
source $testdir/lock_common.tcl
source $testdir/malloc_common.tcl
source $testdir/wal_common.tcl

set testprefix wal2savepoint
ifcapable !wal {finish_test ; return }

do_execsql_test 1.0 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(a, b, c);
  CREATE INDEX t1a ON t1(a);
  CREATE INDEX t1b ON t1(b);
  CREATE INDEX t1c ON t1(c);
  PRAGMA journal_mode = wal2;
  PRAGMA journal_size_limit = 15000;
  PRAGMA wal_autocheckpoint = 0;
  PRAGMA cache_size = 5;
} {wal2 15000 0}

do_execsql_test 1.1 {
  WITH s(i) AS ( SELECT 1 UNION ALL SELECT i+1 FROM s where i < 200)
  INSERT INTO t1 SELECT random(), random(), random() FROM s;
} {}

do_test 1.2 {
  list [file size test.db] [file size test.db-wal] [file size test.db-wal2]
} {5120 23088 0}

do_execsql_test 1.3 {
  BEGIN;
    SAVEPOINT abc;
      WITH s(i) AS ( SELECT 1 UNION ALL SELECT i+1 FROM s where i < 100)
      INSERT INTO t1 SELECT random(), random(), random() FROM s;
    ROLLBACK TO abc;
    WITH s(i) AS ( SELECT 1 UNION ALL SELECT i+1 FROM s where i < 10)
    INSERT INTO t1 SELECT random(), random(), random() FROM s;
  COMMIT;
  SELECT count(*) FROM t1;
  PRAGMA integrity_check;
} {210 ok}

do_execsql_test 1.4 {
  BEGIN;
    SAVEPOINT abc;
      WITH s(i) AS ( SELECT 1 UNION ALL SELECT i+1 FROM s where i < 100)
      INSERT INTO t1 SELECT random(), random(), random() FROM s;
    ROLLBACK TO abc;
    WITH s(i) AS ( SELECT 1 UNION ALL SELECT i+1 FROM s where i < 10)
    INSERT INTO t1 SELECT random(), random(), random() FROM s;
  COMMIT;
  SELECT count(*) FROM t1;
  PRAGMA integrity_check;
} {220 ok}


finish_test

Added test/wal2simple.test.





















































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































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# 2017 September 19
#
# The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
# a legal notice, here is a blessing:
#
#    May you do good and not evil.
#    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
#    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
#
#***********************************************************************
# This file implements regression tests for SQLite library.  The
# focus of this file is testing the operation of the library in
# "PRAGMA journal_mode=WAL2" mode.
#

set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl
source $testdir/lock_common.tcl
source $testdir/malloc_common.tcl
source $testdir/wal_common.tcl

set testprefix wal2simple
ifcapable !wal {finish_test ; return }

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# The following tests verify that a client can switch in and out of wal
# and wal2 mode. But that it is not possible to change directly from wal
# to wal2, or from wal2 to wal mode.
#
do_execsql_test 1.1.0 {
  PRAGMA journal_mode = wal2
} {wal2}
execsql { SELECT * FROM sqlite_master} 
do_execsql_test 1.x {
  PRAGMA journal_mode;
  PRAGMA main.journal_mode;
} {wal2 wal2}
db close
do_test 1.1.1 { file size test.db } {1024}
do_test 1.1.2 { hexio_read test.db 18 2 } 0303

sqlite3 db test.db
do_execsql_test 1.2.0 {
  SELECT * FROM sqlite_master;
  PRAGMA journal_mode = delete;
} {delete}
db close
do_test 1.2.1 { file size test.db } {1024}
do_test 1.2.2 { hexio_read test.db 18 2 } 0101

sqlite3 db test.db
do_execsql_test 1.3.0 {
  SELECT * FROM sqlite_master;
  PRAGMA journal_mode = wal;
} {wal}
db close
do_test 1.3.1 { file size test.db } {1024}
do_test 1.3.2 { hexio_read test.db 18 2 } 0202

sqlite3 db test.db
do_catchsql_test 1.4.0 {
  PRAGMA journal_mode = wal2;
} {1 {cannot change from wal to wal2 mode}}
do_execsql_test 1.4.1 {
  PRAGMA journal_mode = wal;
  PRAGMA journal_mode = delete;
  PRAGMA journal_mode = wal2;
  PRAGMA journal_mode = wal2;
} {wal delete wal2 wal2}
do_catchsql_test 1.4.2 {
  PRAGMA journal_mode = wal;
} {1 {cannot change from wal2 to wal mode}}
db close
do_test 1.4.3 { hexio_read test.db 18 2 } 0303

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Test that recovery in wal2 mode works.
#
forcedelete test.db test.db-wal test.db-wal2
reset_db
do_execsql_test 2.0 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, b);
  PRAGMA journal_mode = wal2;
  PRAGMA journal_size_limit = 5000;
} {wal2 5000}

proc wal_hook {DB nm nFrame} { $DB eval { PRAGMA wal_checkpoint } }
db wal_hook {wal_hook db}

for {set i 1} {$i <= 200} {incr i} {
  execsql { INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(NULL, randomblob(100)) }
  set res [db eval { SELECT sum(a), md5sum(b) FROM t1 }]

  do_test 2.1.$i {
    foreach f [glob -nocomplain test.db2*] { forcedelete $f }
    forcecopy test.db      test.db2
    forcecopy test.db-wal  test.db2-wal
    forcecopy test.db-wal2 test.db2-wal2

    sqlite3 db2 test.db2
    db2 eval { SELECT sum(a), md5sum(b) FROM t1 }
  } $res

  db2 close
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------

reset_db
do_execsql_test 3.0 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(x BLOB, y INTEGER PRIMARY KEY);
  CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(x);
  PRAGMA cache_size = 5;
  PRAGMA journal_mode = wal2;
} {wal2}

do_test 3.1 {
  execsql BEGIN
  for {set i 1} {$i < 1000} {incr i} {
    execsql { INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(randomblob(800), $i) }
  }
  execsql COMMIT
} {}

do_execsql_test 3.2 {
  PRAGMA integrity_check;
} {ok}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
catch { db close }
foreach f [glob -nocomplain test.db*] { forcedelete $f }
reset_db
do_execsql_test 4.0 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(x, y);
  PRAGMA journal_mode = wal2;
} {wal2}

do_execsql_test 4.1 {
  SELECT * FROM t1;
} {}

do_execsql_test 4.2 {
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1, 2);
} {}

do_execsql_test 4.3 {
  SELECT * FROM t1;
} {1 2}

do_test 4.4 {
  sqlite3 db2 test.db
  execsql { SELECT * FROM t1 } db2
} {1 2}

do_test 4.5 {
  lsort [glob test.db*]
} {test.db test.db-shm test.db-wal test.db-wal2}

do_test 4.6 {
  db close
  db2 close
  sqlite3 db test.db
  execsql { SELECT * FROM t1 }
} {1 2}

do_execsql_test 4.7 {
  PRAGMA journal_size_limit = 4000;
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(3, 4);
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(5, 6);
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(7, 8);
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(9, 10);
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(11, 12);
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(13, 14);
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(15, 16);
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(17, 18);
  SELECT * FROM t1;
} {4000 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18}

do_test 4.8 {
  sqlite3 db2 test.db
  execsql { SELECT * FROM t1 } db2
} {1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18}

do_test 4.9 {
  db close
  db2 close
  lsort [glob test.db*]
} {test.db}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
reset_db
do_execsql_test 5.0 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, b, c);
  CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(b, c);
  PRAGMA journal_mode = wal2;
  PRAGMA journal_size_limit = 4000;
} {wal2 4000}

proc wal_hook {DB nm nFrame} {
  $DB eval { PRAGMA wal_checkpoint }
}
db wal_hook [list wal_hook db]


foreach js {4000 8000 12000} {
  foreach NROW [list 100 200 300 400 500 600 1000] {
    do_test 5.$js.$NROW.1 {
      db eval "DELETE FROM t1"
      db eval "PRAGMA journal_size_limit = $js"
      set nTotal 0
      for {set i 0} {$i < $NROW} {incr i} {
        db eval { INSERT INTO t1 VALUES($i, $i, randomblob(abs(random()%50))) }
        incr nTotal $i
      }
      set {} {}
    } {}

    do_test 5.$js.$NROW.2 {
      sqlite3 db2 test.db
      db2 eval { 
        PRAGMA integrity_check;
        SELECT count(*), sum(b) FROM t1;
      }
    } [list ok $NROW $nTotal]

    db2 close
  }
}


#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
reset_db
do_execsql_test 6.0 {
  CREATE TABLE tx(x);
  PRAGMA journal_mode = wal2;
  PRAGMA journal_size_limit = 3500;
} {wal2 3500}

do_test 6.1 {
  for {set i 0} {$i < 10} {incr i} {
    execsql "CREATE TABLE t$i (x);"
  }
} {}

do_test 6.2.1 {
  foreach f [glob -nocomplain test.db2*] { forcedelete $f }
  forcecopy test.db-wal2 test.db2-wal2
  sqlite3 db2 test.db2
  db2 eval { SELECT * FROM sqlite_master }
} {}
do_test 6.2.2 {
  db2 eval {
    PRAGMA journal_mode = wal2;
    SELECT * FROM sqlite_master;
  }
} {wal2}

do_test 6.3.1 {
  db2 close
  foreach f [glob -nocomplain test.db2*] { forcedelete $f }
  forcecopy test.db-wal2 test.db2-wal2
  forcecopy test.db test.db2
  sqlite3 db2 test.db2
  db2 eval { SELECT * FROM sqlite_master }
} {table tx tx 2 {CREATE TABLE tx(x)}}
do_test 6.3.2 {
  db2 eval {
    PRAGMA journal_mode = wal2;
    SELECT * FROM sqlite_master;
  }
} {wal2 table tx tx 2 {CREATE TABLE tx(x)}}

do_test 6.4.1 {
  db2 close
  foreach f [glob -nocomplain test.db2*] { forcedelete $f }
  forcecopy test.db-wal2 test.db2-wal2
  forcecopy test.db-wal test.db2-wal
  sqlite3 db2 test.db2
  db2 eval { SELECT * FROM sqlite_master }
} {}
do_test 6.4.2 {
  db2 eval {
    PRAGMA journal_mode = wal2;
    SELECT * FROM sqlite_master;
  }
} {wal2}
db2 close

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
reset_db
sqlite3 db2 test.db
do_execsql_test 7.0 {
  PRAGMA journal_size_limit = 10000;
  PRAGMA journal_mode = wal2;
  PRAGMA wal_autocheckpoint = 0;
  BEGIN;
    CREATE TABLE t1(a);
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES( randomblob(8000) );
  COMMIT;
} {10000 wal2 0}

do_test 7.1 {
  list [file size test.db-wal] [file size test.db-wal2]
} {9464 0}

# Connection db2 is holding a PART1 lock. 
#
#   7.2.2: Test that the PART1 does not prevent db from switching to the
#          other wal file.
#
#   7.2.3: Test that the PART1 does prevent a checkpoint of test.db-wal.
#
#   7.2.4: Test that after the PART1 is released the checkpoint is possible.
#
do_test 7.2.1 {
  execsql {
    BEGIN;
      SELECT count(*) FROM t1;
  } db2
} {1}
do_test 7.2.2 {
  execsql {
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES( randomblob(800) );
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES( randomblob(800) );
  }
  list [file size test.db-wal] [file size test.db-wal2] [file size test.db]
} {13656 3176 1024}
do_test 7.2.3 {
  execsql { PRAGMA wal_checkpoint }
  list [file size test.db-wal] [file size test.db-wal2] [file size test.db]
} {13656 3176 1024}
do_test 7.2.4 {
  execsql { END } db2
  execsql { PRAGMA wal_checkpoint }
  list [file size test.db-wal] [file size test.db-wal2] [file size test.db]
} {13656 3176 11264}

# Connection db2 is holding a PART2_FULL1 lock. 
#
#   7.3.2: Test that the lock does not prevent checkpointing.
#
#   7.3.3: Test that the lock does prevent the writer from overwriting 
#          test.db-wal.
#
#   7.3.4: Test that after the PART2_FULL1 is released the writer can
#          switch wal files and overwrite test.db-wal
#
db close
db2 close
sqlite3 db test.db
sqlite3 db2 test.db
do_test 7.3.1 {
  execsql {
    PRAGMA wal_autocheckpoint = 0;
    PRAGMA journal_size_limit = 10000;
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(randomblob(10000));
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(randomblob(500));
  }
  execsql {
    BEGIN;
      SELECT count(*) FROM t1;
  } db2
  list [file size test.db-wal] [file size test.db-wal2] [file size test.db]
} {12608 3176 11264}
do_test 7.3.2 {
  execsql { PRAGMA wal_checkpoint }
  list [file size test.db-wal] [file size test.db-wal2] [file size test.db]
} {12608 3176 21504}
do_test 7.3.3 {
  execsql { 
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(randomblob(10000));
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(randomblob(500));
  }
  list [file size test.db-wal] [file size test.db-wal2] [file size test.db]
} {12608 18896 21504}
do_test 7.3.4 {
  execsql END db2
  execsql { INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(randomblob(5000)); }
  list [file size test.db-wal] [file size test.db-wal2] [file size test.db]
} {12608 18896 21504}

# Connection db2 is holding a PART2 lock. 
#
#   7.4.2: Test that the lock does not prevent writer switching to test.db-wal.
#
#   7.3.3: Test that the lock does prevent checkpointing of test.db-wal2.
#
#   7.3.4: Test that after the PART2 is released test.db-wal2 can be
#          checkpointed.
#
db close
db2 close
sqlite3 db test.db
sqlite3 db2 test.db
do_test 7.4.1 {
  execsql {
    PRAGMA wal_autocheckpoint = 0;
    PRAGMA journal_size_limit = 10000;
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(randomblob(10000));
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(randomblob(10000));
    PRAGMA wal_checkpoint;
  }
  execsql {
    BEGIN;
      SELECT count(*) FROM t1;
  } db2
  list [file size test.db-wal] [file size test.db-wal2] [file size test.db]
} {12608 12608 44032}
do_test 7.4.2 {
  execsql { 
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(randomblob(5000));
  }
  list [file size test.db-wal] [file size test.db-wal2] [file size test.db]
} {12608 12608 44032}
do_test 7.4.3 {
  execsql { PRAGMA wal_checkpoint }
  list [file size test.db-wal] [file size test.db-wal2] [file size test.db]
} {12608 12608 44032}
do_test 7.4.4 {
  execsql END db2
  execsql { PRAGMA wal_checkpoint }
  list [file size test.db-wal] [file size test.db-wal2] [file size test.db]
} {12608 12608 54272}

# Connection db2 is holding a PART1_FULL2 lock. 
#
#   7.5.2: Test that the lock does not prevent a checkpoint of test.db-wal2.
#
#   7.5.3: Test that the lock does prevent the writer from overwriting
#          test.db-wal2.
#
#   7.5.4: Test that after the PART1_FULL2 lock is released, the writer
#          can switch to test.db-wal2.
#
db close
db2 close
sqlite3 db test.db
sqlite3 db2 test.db
do_test 7.5.1 {
  execsql {
    PRAGMA wal_autocheckpoint = 0;
    PRAGMA journal_size_limit = 10000;
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(randomblob(10000));
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(randomblob(10000));
    PRAGMA wal_checkpoint;
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(randomblob(5000));
  }
  execsql {
    BEGIN;
      SELECT count(*) FROM t1;
  } db2
  list [file size test.db-wal] [file size test.db-wal2] [file size test.db]
} {12608 12608 64512}
do_test 7.5.2 {
  execsql { PRAGMA wal_checkpoint }
  list [file size test.db-wal] [file size test.db-wal2] [file size test.db]
} {12608 12608 75776}
do_test 7.5.3.1 {
  execsql { INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(randomblob(5000)) }
  list [file size test.db-wal] [file size test.db-wal2] [file size test.db]
} {14704 12608 75776}
do_test 7.5.3.2 {
  execsql { INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(randomblob(5000)) }
  list [file size test.db-wal] [file size test.db-wal2] [file size test.db]
} {22040 12608 75776}
do_test 7.5.4 {
  execsql END db2
  execsql { INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(randomblob(5000)) }
  list [file size test.db-wal] [file size test.db-wal2] [file size test.db]
} {22040 12608 75776}


finish_test

Added test/wal2snapshot.test.



























































































































































































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# 2018 December 5
#
# The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
# a legal notice, here is a blessing:
#
#    May you do good and not evil.
#    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
#    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
#
#***********************************************************************
# This file implements regression tests for SQLite library.  The
# focus of this file is testing the operation of the library in
# "PRAGMA journal_mode=WAL2" mode.
#

set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl

set testprefix wal2snapshot
ifcapable !wal {finish_test ; return }
ifcapable !snapshot {finish_test; return}

foreach {tn mode} {1 wal 2 wal2} {
  reset_db
  do_execsql_test $tn.1 "PRAGMA journal_mode = $mode" $mode

  do_execsql_test $tn.2 {
    CREATE TABLE t1(a, b);
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1, 2);
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(3, 4);
    BEGIN;
  }

  # Check that sqlite3_snapshot_get() is an error for a wal2 db.
  #
  if {$tn==1} {
    do_test 1.3 {
      set S [sqlite3_snapshot_get db main]
      sqlite3_snapshot_free $S
    } {}
  } else {
    do_test 2.3 {
      list [catch { sqlite3_snapshot_get db main } msg] $msg
    } {1 SQLITE_ERROR}
  }
  
  # Check that sqlite3_snapshot_recover() is an error for a wal2 db.
  #
  do_execsql_test $tn.4 COMMIT
  if {$tn==1} {
    do_test 1.5 {
      sqlite3_snapshot_recover db main
    } {}
  } else {
    do_test 2.5 {
      list [catch { sqlite3_snapshot_recover db main } msg] $msg
    } {1 SQLITE_ERROR}
  }
 
  # Check that sqlite3_snapshot_open() is an error for a wal2 db.
  #
  if {$tn==1} {
    do_test 1.6 {
      execsql BEGIN
      set SNAPSHOT [sqlite3_snapshot_get_blob db main]
      sqlite3_snapshot_open_blob db main $SNAPSHOT
      execsql COMMIT
    } {}
  } else {
    do_test 2.6.1 {
      execsql BEGIN
      set res [
        list [catch { sqlite3_snapshot_open_blob db main $SNAPSHOT } msg] $msg
      ]
      execsql COMMIT
      set res
    } {1 SQLITE_ERROR}
    do_test 2.6.2 {
      execsql BEGIN
      execsql {SELECT * FROM sqlite_master}
      set res [
        list [catch { sqlite3_snapshot_open_blob db main $SNAPSHOT } msg] $msg
      ]
      execsql COMMIT
      set res
    } {1 SQLITE_ERROR}
  }
}


finish_test


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#
proc lock_callback {method filename handle lock} {
  if {$lock=="0 1 lock exclusive"} {
    proc lock_callback {method filename handle lock} {}
    db2 eval { INSERT INTO x VALUES('x') }
  }
}
db timeout 10
do_catchsql_test 2.4 {
  BEGIN EXCLUSIVE;
} {0 {}}
do_execsql_test 2.5 {
  SELECT * FROM x;
  COMMIT;
} {z y x}

finish_test







|









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#
proc lock_callback {method filename handle lock} {
  if {$lock=="0 1 lock exclusive"} {
    proc lock_callback {method filename handle lock} {}
    db2 eval { INSERT INTO x VALUES('x') }
  }
}
db timeout 1100
do_catchsql_test 2.4 {
  BEGIN EXCLUSIVE;
} {0 {}}
do_execsql_test 2.5 {
  SELECT * FROM x;
  COMMIT;
} {z y x}

finish_test