/ Changes On Branch apple-wal-readonly
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Changes In Branch apple-wal-readonly Excluding Merge-Ins

This is equivalent to a diff from 8d1a6bb0 to 57912327

2011-06-02
13:07
Merge the latest trunk changes, including the read-only shared memory enhancement, into the apple-osx branch. check-in: ce5f95de user: drh tags: apple-osx
2011-05-19
02:34
Bring the apple-wal-readonly branch up to date with the latest changes in apple-osx, and especially the fix for disappearing WAL transactions. Leaf check-in: 57912327 user: drh tags: apple-wal-readonly
01:51
Pull all the latest trunk changes, and especially the fix for WAL cache spills causing transactions to disappear, into the apple-osx branch. check-in: 8d1a6bb0 user: drh tags: apple-osx
01:21
When committing a WAL transaction, make sure at least one page is written to the WAL file so that the WAL subsystem will have a page on which to set the commit flag. Ticket [2d1a5c67dfc236]. check-in: 67bf1c9a user: drh tags: trunk
2011-05-12
15:32
Pull in the patches to support read-only WAL databases into a new branch off of the apple-osx branch. This also pulls in all the other pending 3.7.7 changes such as URI support. check-in: 97b98010 user: drh tags: apple-wal-readonly
2011-05-05
15:52
Merge the latest trunk changes into the apple-osx branch. check-in: f9b149e5 user: drh tags: apple-osx

Changes to src/attach.c.

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  const char *zFile;
  char *zPath = 0;
  char *zErr = 0;
  unsigned int flags;
  Db *aNew;
  char *zErrDyn = 0;
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs;



  UNUSED_PARAMETER(NotUsed);

  zFile = (const char *)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);
  zName = (const char *)sqlite3_value_text(argv[1]);
  if( zFile==0 ) zFile = "";
  if( zName==0 ) zName = "";
................................................................................
  memset(aNew, 0, sizeof(*aNew));

  /* Open the database file. If the btree is successfully opened, use
  ** it to obtain the database schema. At this point the schema may
  ** or may not be initialised.
  */
  flags = db->openFlags;
  rc = sqlite3ParseUri(db->pVfs->zName, zFile, &flags, &pVfs, &zPath, &zErr);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    if( rc==SQLITE_NOMEM ) db->mallocFailed = 1;
    sqlite3_result_error(context, zErr, -1);
    sqlite3_free(zErr);
    return;
  }
  assert( pVfs );
  flags |= SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB;
  rc = sqlite3BtreeOpen(pVfs, zPath, db, &aNew->pBt, 0, flags);
  sqlite3_free( zPath );
  db->nDb++;
  if( rc==SQLITE_CONSTRAINT ){
    rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
    zErrDyn = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "database is already attached");
  }else if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    Pager *pPager;







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  const char *zFile;
  char *zPath = 0;
  char *zErr = 0;
  unsigned int flags;
  Db *aNew;
  char *zErrDyn = 0;
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs;
  const char *zVfs = db->pVfs->zName;       /* Name of default (main) VFS */
  int btflags = 0;

  UNUSED_PARAMETER(NotUsed);

  zFile = (const char *)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);
  zName = (const char *)sqlite3_value_text(argv[1]);
  if( zFile==0 ) zFile = "";
  if( zName==0 ) zName = "";
................................................................................
  memset(aNew, 0, sizeof(*aNew));

  /* Open the database file. If the btree is successfully opened, use
  ** it to obtain the database schema. At this point the schema may
  ** or may not be initialised.
  */
  flags = db->openFlags;
  rc = sqlite3ParseUri(zVfs, zFile, &flags, &btflags, &pVfs, &zPath, &zErr);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    if( rc==SQLITE_NOMEM ) db->mallocFailed = 1;
    sqlite3_result_error(context, zErr, -1);
    sqlite3_free(zErr);
    return;
  }
  assert( pVfs );
  flags |= SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB;
  rc = sqlite3BtreeOpen(pVfs, zPath, db, &aNew->pBt, btflags, flags);
  sqlite3_free( zPath );
  db->nDb++;
  if( rc==SQLITE_CONSTRAINT ){
    rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
    zErrDyn = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "database is already attached");
  }else if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    Pager *pPager;

Changes to src/btree.h.

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** pager.h.
*/
#define BTREE_OMIT_JOURNAL  1  /* Do not create or use a rollback journal */
#define BTREE_NO_READLOCK   2  /* Omit readlocks on readonly files */
#define BTREE_MEMORY        4  /* This is an in-memory DB */
#define BTREE_SINGLE        8  /* The file contains at most 1 b-tree */
#define BTREE_UNORDERED    16  /* Use of a hash implementation is OK */


int sqlite3BtreeClose(Btree*);
int sqlite3BtreeSetCacheSize(Btree*,int);
int sqlite3BtreeSetSafetyLevel(Btree*,int,int,int);
int sqlite3BtreeSyncDisabled(Btree*);
int sqlite3BtreeSetPageSize(Btree *p, int nPagesize, int nReserve, int eFix);
int sqlite3BtreeGetPageSize(Btree*);







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** pager.h.
*/
#define BTREE_OMIT_JOURNAL  1  /* Do not create or use a rollback journal */
#define BTREE_NO_READLOCK   2  /* Omit readlocks on readonly files */
#define BTREE_MEMORY        4  /* This is an in-memory DB */
#define BTREE_SINGLE        8  /* The file contains at most 1 b-tree */
#define BTREE_UNORDERED    16  /* Use of a hash implementation is OK */
#define BTREE_READONLYSHM  32  /* Read-only SHM access is acceptable */

int sqlite3BtreeClose(Btree*);
int sqlite3BtreeSetCacheSize(Btree*,int);
int sqlite3BtreeSetSafetyLevel(Btree*,int,int,int);
int sqlite3BtreeSyncDisabled(Btree*);
int sqlite3BtreeSetPageSize(Btree *p, int nPagesize, int nReserve, int eFix);
int sqlite3BtreeGetPageSize(Btree*);

Changes to src/main.c.

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** The first argument to this function is the name of the VFS to use (or
** a NULL to signify the default VFS) if the URI does not contain a "vfs=xxx"
** query parameter. The second argument contains the URI (or non-URI filename)
** itself. When this function is called the *pFlags variable should contain
** the default flags to open the database handle with. The value stored in
** *pFlags may be updated before returning if the URI filename contains 
** "cache=xxx" or "mode=xxx" query parameters.





**
** If successful, SQLITE_OK is returned. In this case *ppVfs is set to point to
** the VFS that should be used to open the database file. *pzFile is set to
** point to a buffer containing the name of the file to open. It is the 
** responsibility of the caller to eventually call sqlite3_free() to release
** this buffer.
**
................................................................................
** message. It is the responsibility of the caller to eventually release
** this buffer by calling sqlite3_free().
*/
int sqlite3ParseUri(
  const char *zDefaultVfs,        /* VFS to use if no "vfs=xxx" query option */
  const char *zUri,               /* Nul-terminated URI to parse */
  unsigned int *pFlags,           /* IN/OUT: SQLITE_OPEN_XXX flags */

  sqlite3_vfs **ppVfs,            /* OUT: VFS to use */ 
  char **pzFile,                  /* OUT: Filename component of URI */
  char **pzErrMsg                 /* OUT: Error message (if rc!=SQLITE_OK) */
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  unsigned int flags = *pFlags;
  const char *zVfs = zDefaultVfs;
................................................................................
    while( zOpt[0] ){
      int nOpt = sqlite3Strlen30(zOpt);
      char *zVal = &zOpt[nOpt+1];
      int nVal = sqlite3Strlen30(zVal);

      if( nOpt==3 && memcmp("vfs", zOpt, 3)==0 ){
        zVfs = zVal;






      }else{
        struct OpenMode {
          const char *z;
          int mode;
        } *aMode = 0;
        char *zModeType;
        int mask;
................................................................................
  const char *zVfs       /* Name of the VFS to use */
){
  sqlite3 *db;                    /* Store allocated handle here */
  int rc;                         /* Return code */
  int isThreadsafe;               /* True for threadsafe connections */
  char *zOpen = 0;                /* Filename argument to pass to BtreeOpen() */
  char *zErrMsg = 0;              /* Error message from sqlite3ParseUri() */


  *ppDb = 0;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINIT
  rc = sqlite3_initialize();
  if( rc ) return rc;
#endif

................................................................................

  /* Also add a UTF-8 case-insensitive collation sequence. */
  createCollation(db, "NOCASE", SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_COLL_NOCASE, 0,
                  nocaseCollatingFunc, 0);

  /* Parse the filename/URI argument. */
  db->openFlags = flags;
  rc = sqlite3ParseUri(zVfs, zFilename, &flags, &db->pVfs, &zOpen, &zErrMsg);

  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    if( rc==SQLITE_NOMEM ) db->mallocFailed = 1;
    sqlite3Error(db, rc, zErrMsg ? "%s" : 0, zErrMsg);
    sqlite3_free(zErrMsg);
    goto opendb_out;
  }

  /* Open the backend database driver */
  rc = sqlite3BtreeOpen(db->pVfs, zOpen, db, &db->aDb[0].pBt, 0,
                        flags | SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    if( rc==SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM ){
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
    sqlite3Error(db, rc, 0);
    goto opendb_out;







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** The first argument to this function is the name of the VFS to use (or
** a NULL to signify the default VFS) if the URI does not contain a "vfs=xxx"
** query parameter. The second argument contains the URI (or non-URI filename)
** itself. When this function is called the *pFlags variable should contain
** the default flags to open the database handle with. The value stored in
** *pFlags may be updated before returning if the URI filename contains 
** "cache=xxx" or "mode=xxx" query parameters.
**
** The third argument, pBtflags, points to an integer containing the flags
** that will be passed as the 5th argument to sqlite3BtreeOpen (BTREE_XXX
** flags). This value will be edited if the URI filename contains a
** "readonly_shm=1" or "readonly_shm=0" query parameter.
**
** If successful, SQLITE_OK is returned. In this case *ppVfs is set to point to
** the VFS that should be used to open the database file. *pzFile is set to
** point to a buffer containing the name of the file to open. It is the 
** responsibility of the caller to eventually call sqlite3_free() to release
** this buffer.
**
................................................................................
** message. It is the responsibility of the caller to eventually release
** this buffer by calling sqlite3_free().
*/
int sqlite3ParseUri(
  const char *zDefaultVfs,        /* VFS to use if no "vfs=xxx" query option */
  const char *zUri,               /* Nul-terminated URI to parse */
  unsigned int *pFlags,           /* IN/OUT: SQLITE_OPEN_XXX flags */
  int *pBtflags,                  /* IN/OUT: BTREE_XXX flags */
  sqlite3_vfs **ppVfs,            /* OUT: VFS to use */ 
  char **pzFile,                  /* OUT: Filename component of URI */
  char **pzErrMsg                 /* OUT: Error message (if rc!=SQLITE_OK) */
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  unsigned int flags = *pFlags;
  const char *zVfs = zDefaultVfs;
................................................................................
    while( zOpt[0] ){
      int nOpt = sqlite3Strlen30(zOpt);
      char *zVal = &zOpt[nOpt+1];
      int nVal = sqlite3Strlen30(zVal);

      if( nOpt==3 && memcmp("vfs", zOpt, 3)==0 ){
        zVfs = zVal;
      }else if( nOpt==12 && memcmp("readonly_shm", zOpt, 12)==0 ){
        if( sqlite3Atoi(zVal) ){
          *pBtflags |= BTREE_READONLYSHM;
        }else{
          *pBtflags &= ~BTREE_READONLYSHM;
        }
      }else{
        struct OpenMode {
          const char *z;
          int mode;
        } *aMode = 0;
        char *zModeType;
        int mask;
................................................................................
  const char *zVfs       /* Name of the VFS to use */
){
  sqlite3 *db;                    /* Store allocated handle here */
  int rc;                         /* Return code */
  int isThreadsafe;               /* True for threadsafe connections */
  char *zOpen = 0;                /* Filename argument to pass to BtreeOpen() */
  char *zErrMsg = 0;              /* Error message from sqlite3ParseUri() */
  int btflags = 0;                /* Mask of BTREE_XXX flags */

  *ppDb = 0;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINIT
  rc = sqlite3_initialize();
  if( rc ) return rc;
#endif

................................................................................

  /* Also add a UTF-8 case-insensitive collation sequence. */
  createCollation(db, "NOCASE", SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_COLL_NOCASE, 0,
                  nocaseCollatingFunc, 0);

  /* Parse the filename/URI argument. */
  db->openFlags = flags;
  rc = sqlite3ParseUri(
      zVfs, zFilename, &flags, &btflags, &db->pVfs, &zOpen, &zErrMsg);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    if( rc==SQLITE_NOMEM ) db->mallocFailed = 1;
    sqlite3Error(db, rc, zErrMsg ? "%s" : 0, zErrMsg);
    sqlite3_free(zErrMsg);
    goto opendb_out;
  }

  /* Open the backend database driver */
  rc = sqlite3BtreeOpen(db->pVfs, zOpen, db, &db->aDb[0].pBt, btflags,
                        flags | SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    if( rc==SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM ){
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
    sqlite3Error(db, rc, 0);
    goto opendb_out;

Changes to src/os_unix.c.

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  unsigned char eFileLock;            /* The type of lock held on this fd */
  unsigned char ctrlFlags;            /* Behavioral bits.  UNIXFILE_* flags */
  int lastErrno;                      /* The unix errno from last I/O error */
  void *lockingContext;               /* Locking style specific state */
  UnixUnusedFd *pUnused;              /* Pre-allocated UnixUnusedFd */
  const char *zPath;                  /* Name of the file */
  unixShm *pShm;                      /* Shared memory segment information */

  int szChunk;                        /* Configured by FCNTL_CHUNK_SIZE */
#if SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE
  int openFlags;                      /* The flags specified at open() */
#endif
#if SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE || defined(__APPLE__)
  unsigned fsFlags;                   /* cached details from statfs() */
#endif
................................................................................
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_CHUNK_SIZE: {
      ((unixFile*)id)->szChunk = *(int *)pArg;
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_HINT: {
      return fcntlSizeHint((unixFile *)id, *(i64 *)pArg);
    }




#ifndef NDEBUG
    /* The pager calls this method to signal that it has done
    ** a rollback and that the database is therefore unchanged and
    ** it hence it is OK for the transaction change counter to be
    ** unchanged.
    */
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_DB_UNCHANGED: {
................................................................................
  char *zFilename;           /* Name of the mmapped file */
  int h;                     /* Open file descriptor */
  int szRegion;              /* Size of shared-memory regions */
  int nRegion;               /* Size of array apRegion */
  char **apRegion;           /* Array of mapped shared-memory regions */
  int nRef;                  /* Number of unixShm objects pointing to this */
  unixShm *pFirst;           /* All unixShm objects pointing to this */

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  u8 exclMask;               /* Mask of exclusive locks held */
  u8 sharedMask;             /* Mask of shared locks held */
  u8 nextShmId;              /* Next available unixShm.id value */
#endif
};

................................................................................
    pShmNode->mutex = sqlite3_mutex_alloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST);
    if( pShmNode->mutex==0 ){
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
      goto shm_open_err;
    }

    if( pInode->bProcessLock==0 ){
      pShmNode->h = robust_open(zShmFilename, O_RDWR|O_CREAT,
                               (sStat.st_mode & 0777));
      if( pShmNode->h<0 ){
        rc = unixLogError(SQLITE_CANTOPEN_BKPT, "open", zShmFilename);
        goto shm_open_err;
      }

  
      /* Check to see if another process is holding the dead-man switch.
      ** If not, truncate the file to zero length. 
      */







      rc = SQLITE_OK;
      if( unixShmSystemLock(pShmNode, F_WRLCK, UNIX_SHM_DMS, 1)==SQLITE_OK ){
        if( robust_ftruncate(pShmNode->h, 0) ){



          rc = unixLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_SHMOPEN, "ftruncate", zShmFilename);
        }
      }
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        rc = unixShmSystemLock(pShmNode, F_RDLCK, UNIX_SHM_DMS, 1);
      }
      if( rc ) goto shm_open_err;
    }










  }

  /* Make the new connection a child of the unixShmNode */
  p->pShmNode = pShmNode;
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  p->id = pShmNode->nextShmId++;
#endif
................................................................................
      rc = SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
      goto shmpage_out;
    }
    pShmNode->apRegion = apNew;
    while(pShmNode->nRegion<=iRegion){
      void *pMem;
      if( pShmNode->h>=0 ){
        pMem = mmap(0, szRegion, PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE, 
            MAP_SHARED, pShmNode->h, pShmNode->nRegion*szRegion
        );
        if( pMem==MAP_FAILED ){
          rc = unixLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_SHMMAP, "mmap", pShmNode->zFilename);
          goto shmpage_out;
        }
      }else{







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  unsigned char eFileLock;            /* The type of lock held on this fd */
  unsigned char ctrlFlags;            /* Behavioral bits.  UNIXFILE_* flags */
  int lastErrno;                      /* The unix errno from last I/O error */
  void *lockingContext;               /* Locking style specific state */
  UnixUnusedFd *pUnused;              /* Pre-allocated UnixUnusedFd */
  const char *zPath;                  /* Name of the file */
  unixShm *pShm;                      /* Shared memory segment information */
  int readOnlyShm;                    /* True to open shared-memory read-only */
  int szChunk;                        /* Configured by FCNTL_CHUNK_SIZE */
#if SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE
  int openFlags;                      /* The flags specified at open() */
#endif
#if SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE || defined(__APPLE__)
  unsigned fsFlags;                   /* cached details from statfs() */
#endif
................................................................................
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_CHUNK_SIZE: {
      ((unixFile*)id)->szChunk = *(int *)pArg;
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_HINT: {
      return fcntlSizeHint((unixFile *)id, *(i64 *)pArg);
    }
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_READONLY_SHM: {
      ((unixFile*)id)->readOnlyShm = (pArg!=0);
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
#ifndef NDEBUG
    /* The pager calls this method to signal that it has done
    ** a rollback and that the database is therefore unchanged and
    ** it hence it is OK for the transaction change counter to be
    ** unchanged.
    */
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_DB_UNCHANGED: {
................................................................................
  char *zFilename;           /* Name of the mmapped file */
  int h;                     /* Open file descriptor */
  int szRegion;              /* Size of shared-memory regions */
  int nRegion;               /* Size of array apRegion */
  char **apRegion;           /* Array of mapped shared-memory regions */
  int nRef;                  /* Number of unixShm objects pointing to this */
  unixShm *pFirst;           /* All unixShm objects pointing to this */
  u8 readOnly;               /* True if this is a read-only mapping */
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  u8 exclMask;               /* Mask of exclusive locks held */
  u8 sharedMask;             /* Mask of shared locks held */
  u8 nextShmId;              /* Next available unixShm.id value */
#endif
};

................................................................................
    pShmNode->mutex = sqlite3_mutex_alloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST);
    if( pShmNode->mutex==0 ){
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
      goto shm_open_err;
    }

    if( pInode->bProcessLock==0 ){
      int flags = (pDbFd->readOnlyShm ? O_RDONLY : O_RDWR|O_CREAT);
      pShmNode->h = robust_open(zShmFilename, flags, (sStat.st_mode & 0777));
      if( pShmNode->h<0 ){
        rc = unixLogError(SQLITE_CANTOPEN_BKPT, "open", zShmFilename);
        goto shm_open_err;
      }
      pShmNode->readOnly = pDbFd->readOnlyShm;
  
      /* Check to see if another process is holding the dead-man switch.

      ** If not, zero the first few bytes of the shared-memory file to make
      ** sure it is not mistaken for valid by code in wal.c. Except, if this 
      ** is a read-only connection to the shared-memory then it is not possible
      ** to check check if another process is holding a read-lock on the DMS
      ** byte, as we cannot attempt a write-lock via a read-only file 
      ** descriptor. So in this case, we just assume the shared-memory 
      ** contents are Ok and proceed.  */
      if( pShmNode->readOnly==0 ){
        rc = SQLITE_OK;
        if( unixShmSystemLock(pShmNode, F_WRLCK, UNIX_SHM_DMS, 1)==SQLITE_OK ){

          if( pDbFd->readOnlyShm ){
            rc = SQLITE_IOERR_SHMOPEN;
          }else if( 4!=osWrite(pShmNode->h, "\00\00\00\00", 4) ){
            rc = unixLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_SHMOPEN, "ftruncate", zShmFilename);
          }
        }
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          rc = unixShmSystemLock(pShmNode, F_RDLCK, UNIX_SHM_DMS, 1);
        }
        if( rc ) goto shm_open_err;
      }
    }
  }

  /* If the unixShmNode is read-only, but SQLITE_FCNTL_READONLY_SHM has not
  ** been set for file-descriptor pDbFd, return an error. The wal.c module
  ** will then call this function again with SQLITE_FCNTL_READONLY_SHM set.
  */
  else if( pShmNode->readOnly && !pDbFd->readOnlyShm ){
    rc = SQLITE_IOERR_SHMOPEN;
    goto shm_open_err;
  }

  /* Make the new connection a child of the unixShmNode */
  p->pShmNode = pShmNode;
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  p->id = pShmNode->nextShmId++;
#endif
................................................................................
      rc = SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
      goto shmpage_out;
    }
    pShmNode->apRegion = apNew;
    while(pShmNode->nRegion<=iRegion){
      void *pMem;
      if( pShmNode->h>=0 ){
        pMem = mmap(0, szRegion, PROT_READ|(!pShmNode->readOnly?PROT_WRITE:0), 
            MAP_SHARED, pShmNode->h, pShmNode->nRegion*szRegion
        );
        if( pMem==MAP_FAILED ){
          rc = unixLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_SHMMAP, "mmap", pShmNode->zFilename);
          goto shmpage_out;
        }
      }else{

Changes to src/pager.c.

616
617
618
619
620
621
622

623
624
625
626
627
628
629
....
3013
3014
3015
3016
3017
3018
3019

3020
3021
3022
3023
3024
3025
3026
3027
3028
3029
3030
3031
3032
3033
3034
3035
3036
3037
3038
....
4412
4413
4414
4415
4416
4417
4418

4419
4420
4421
4422
4423
4424
4425
  u8 noSync;                  /* Do not sync the journal if true */
  u8 fullSync;                /* Do extra syncs of the journal for robustness */
  u8 ckptSyncFlags;           /* SYNC_NORMAL or SYNC_FULL for checkpoint */
  u8 syncFlags;               /* SYNC_NORMAL or SYNC_FULL otherwise */
  u8 tempFile;                /* zFilename is a temporary file */
  u8 readOnly;                /* True for a read-only database */
  u8 memDb;                   /* True to inhibit all file I/O */


  /**************************************************************************
  ** The following block contains those class members that change during
  ** routine opertion.  Class members not in this block are either fixed
  ** when the pager is first created or else only change when there is a
  ** significant mode change (such as changing the page_size, locking_mode,
  ** or the journal_mode).  From another view, these class members describe
................................................................................
** makes a snapshot of the database at the current point in time and preserves
** that snapshot for use by the reader in spite of concurrently changes by
** other writers or checkpointers.
*/
static int pagerBeginReadTransaction(Pager *pPager){
  int rc;                         /* Return code */
  int changed = 0;                /* True if cache must be reset */


  assert( pagerUseWal(pPager) );
  assert( pPager->eState==PAGER_OPEN || pPager->eState==PAGER_READER );

  /* sqlite3WalEndReadTransaction() was not called for the previous
  ** transaction in locking_mode=EXCLUSIVE.  So call it now.  If we
  ** are in locking_mode=NORMAL and EndRead() was previously called,
  ** the duplicate call is harmless.
  */
  sqlite3WalEndReadTransaction(pPager->pWal);

  rc = sqlite3WalBeginReadTransaction(pPager->pWal, &changed);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK || changed ){
    pager_reset(pPager);
  }

  return rc;
}
#endif
................................................................................
    memcpy(&pPager->zWal[nPathname], "-wal", 4);
    sqlite3FileSuffix3(pPager->zFilename, pPager->zWal);
#endif
    sqlite3_free(zPathname);
  }
  pPager->pVfs = pVfs;
  pPager->vfsFlags = vfsFlags;


  /* Open the pager file.
  */
  if( zFilename && zFilename[0] ){
    int fout = 0;                    /* VFS flags returned by xOpen() */
    rc = sqlite3OsOpen(pVfs, pPager->zFilename, pPager->fd, vfsFlags, &fout);
    assert( !memDb );







>







 







>









|

|







 







>







616
617
618
619
620
621
622
623
624
625
626
627
628
629
630
....
3014
3015
3016
3017
3018
3019
3020
3021
3022
3023
3024
3025
3026
3027
3028
3029
3030
3031
3032
3033
3034
3035
3036
3037
3038
3039
3040
....
4414
4415
4416
4417
4418
4419
4420
4421
4422
4423
4424
4425
4426
4427
4428
  u8 noSync;                  /* Do not sync the journal if true */
  u8 fullSync;                /* Do extra syncs of the journal for robustness */
  u8 ckptSyncFlags;           /* SYNC_NORMAL or SYNC_FULL for checkpoint */
  u8 syncFlags;               /* SYNC_NORMAL or SYNC_FULL otherwise */
  u8 tempFile;                /* zFilename is a temporary file */
  u8 readOnly;                /* True for a read-only database */
  u8 memDb;                   /* True to inhibit all file I/O */
  u8 readOnlyShm;             /* True if read-only shm access is Ok */

  /**************************************************************************
  ** The following block contains those class members that change during
  ** routine opertion.  Class members not in this block are either fixed
  ** when the pager is first created or else only change when there is a
  ** significant mode change (such as changing the page_size, locking_mode,
  ** or the journal_mode).  From another view, these class members describe
................................................................................
** makes a snapshot of the database at the current point in time and preserves
** that snapshot for use by the reader in spite of concurrently changes by
** other writers or checkpointers.
*/
static int pagerBeginReadTransaction(Pager *pPager){
  int rc;                         /* Return code */
  int changed = 0;                /* True if cache must be reset */
  Wal *pWal = pPager->pWal;

  assert( pagerUseWal(pPager) );
  assert( pPager->eState==PAGER_OPEN || pPager->eState==PAGER_READER );

  /* sqlite3WalEndReadTransaction() was not called for the previous
  ** transaction in locking_mode=EXCLUSIVE.  So call it now.  If we
  ** are in locking_mode=NORMAL and EndRead() was previously called,
  ** the duplicate call is harmless.
  */
  sqlite3WalEndReadTransaction(pWal);

  rc = sqlite3WalBeginReadTransaction(pWal, pPager->readOnlyShm, &changed);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK || changed ){
    pager_reset(pPager);
  }

  return rc;
}
#endif
................................................................................
    memcpy(&pPager->zWal[nPathname], "-wal", 4);
    sqlite3FileSuffix3(pPager->zFilename, pPager->zWal);
#endif
    sqlite3_free(zPathname);
  }
  pPager->pVfs = pVfs;
  pPager->vfsFlags = vfsFlags;
  pPager->readOnlyShm = (flags & PAGER_READONLYSHM)!=0;

  /* Open the pager file.
  */
  if( zFilename && zFilename[0] ){
    int fout = 0;                    /* VFS flags returned by xOpen() */
    rc = sqlite3OsOpen(pVfs, pPager->zFilename, pPager->fd, vfsFlags, &fout);
    assert( !memDb );

Changes to src/pager.h.

56
57
58
59
60
61
62

63
64
65
66
67
68
69
** Allowed values for the flags parameter to sqlite3PagerOpen().
**
** NOTE: These values must match the corresponding BTREE_ values in btree.h.
*/
#define PAGER_OMIT_JOURNAL  0x0001    /* Do not use a rollback journal */
#define PAGER_NO_READLOCK   0x0002    /* Omit readlocks on readonly files */
#define PAGER_MEMORY        0x0004    /* In-memory database */


/*
** Valid values for the second argument to sqlite3PagerLockingMode().
*/
#define PAGER_LOCKINGMODE_QUERY      -1
#define PAGER_LOCKINGMODE_NORMAL      0
#define PAGER_LOCKINGMODE_EXCLUSIVE   1







>







56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
** Allowed values for the flags parameter to sqlite3PagerOpen().
**
** NOTE: These values must match the corresponding BTREE_ values in btree.h.
*/
#define PAGER_OMIT_JOURNAL  0x0001    /* Do not use a rollback journal */
#define PAGER_NO_READLOCK   0x0002    /* Omit readlocks on readonly files */
#define PAGER_MEMORY        0x0004    /* In-memory database */
#define PAGER_READONLYSHM   0x0020    /* Read-only SHM access is acceptable */

/*
** Valid values for the second argument to sqlite3PagerLockingMode().
*/
#define PAGER_LOCKINGMODE_QUERY      -1
#define PAGER_LOCKINGMODE_NORMAL      0
#define PAGER_LOCKINGMODE_EXCLUSIVE   1

Changes to src/sqlite.h.in.

451
452
453
454
455
456
457



458
459
460
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464
...
730
731
732
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736





















737
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....
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2491
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2497
#define SQLITE_IOERR_SHMMAP            (SQLITE_IOERR | (21<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_SEEK              (SQLITE_IOERR | (22<<8))
#define SQLITE_LOCKED_SHAREDCACHE      (SQLITE_LOCKED |  (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_BUSY_RECOVERY           (SQLITE_BUSY   |  (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_NOTEMPDIR      (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_CORRUPT_VTAB            (SQLITE_CORRUPT | (1<<8))




/*
** CAPI3REF: Flags For File Open Operations
**
** These bit values are intended for use in the
** 3rd parameter to the [sqlite3_open_v2()] interface and
** in the 4th parameter to the [sqlite3_vfs.xOpen] method.
*/
................................................................................
** when the database connection has [PRAGMA synchronous] set to OFF.)^
** Some specialized VFSes need this signal in order to operate correctly
** when [PRAGMA synchronous | PRAGMA synchronous=OFF] is set, but most 
** VFSes do not need this signal and should silently ignore this opcode.
** Applications should not call [sqlite3_file_control()] with this
** opcode as doing so may disrupt the operation of the specialized VFSes
** that do require it.  





















*/
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE        1
#define SQLITE_GET_LOCKPROXYFILE      2
#define SQLITE_SET_LOCKPROXYFILE      3
#define SQLITE_LAST_ERRNO             4
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_HINT        5
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_CHUNK_SIZE       6
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_FILE_POINTER     7
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_SYNC_OMITTED     8



/*
** CAPI3REF: Mutex Handle
**
** The mutex module within SQLite defines [sqlite3_mutex] to be an
** abstract type for a mutex object.  The SQLite core never looks
................................................................................
** then the path is interpreted as a relative path. 
** ^On windows, the first component of an absolute path 
** is a drive specification (e.g. "C:").
**
** [[core URI query parameters]]
** The query component of a URI may contain parameters that are interpreted
** either by SQLite itself, or by a [VFS | custom VFS implementation].
** SQLite interprets the following three query parameters:
**
** <ul>
**   <li> <b>vfs</b>: ^The "vfs" parameter may be used to specify the name of
**     a VFS object that provides the operating system interface that should
**     be used to access the database file on disk. ^If this option is set to
**     an empty string the default VFS object is used. ^Specifying an unknown
**     VFS is an error. ^If sqlite3_open_v2() is used and the vfs option is
................................................................................
**     "private". ^Setting it to "shared" is equivalent to setting the
**     SQLITE_OPEN_SHAREDCACHE bit in the flags argument passed to
**     sqlite3_open_v2(). ^Setting the cache parameter to "private" is 
**     equivalent to setting the SQLITE_OPEN_PRIVATECACHE bit.
**     ^If sqlite3_open_v2() is used and the "cache" parameter is present in
**     a URI filename, its value overrides any behaviour requested by setting
**     SQLITE_OPEN_PRIVATECACHE or SQLITE_OPEN_SHAREDCACHE flag.
















** </ul>
**
** ^Specifying an unknown parameter in the query component of a URI is not an
** error.  Future versions of SQLite might understand additional query
** parameters.  See "[query parameters with special meaning to SQLite]" for
** additional information.
**







>
>
>







 







>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>









>







 







|







 







>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>







451
452
453
454
455
456
457
458
459
460
461
462
463
464
465
466
467
...
733
734
735
736
737
738
739
740
741
742
743
744
745
746
747
748
749
750
751
752
753
754
755
756
757
758
759
760
761
762
763
764
765
766
767
768
769
770
771
772
773
774
775
776
777
....
2477
2478
2479
2480
2481
2482
2483
2484
2485
2486
2487
2488
2489
2490
2491
....
2509
2510
2511
2512
2513
2514
2515
2516
2517
2518
2519
2520
2521
2522
2523
2524
2525
2526
2527
2528
2529
2530
2531
2532
2533
2534
2535
2536
2537
2538
#define SQLITE_IOERR_SHMMAP            (SQLITE_IOERR | (21<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_SEEK              (SQLITE_IOERR | (22<<8))
#define SQLITE_LOCKED_SHAREDCACHE      (SQLITE_LOCKED |  (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_BUSY_RECOVERY           (SQLITE_BUSY   |  (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_NOTEMPDIR      (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_CORRUPT_VTAB            (SQLITE_CORRUPT | (1<<8))

#define SQLITE_READONLY_RECOVERY       (SQLITE_READONLY | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_READONLY_CANTLOCK       (SQLITE_READONLY | (2<<8))

/*
** CAPI3REF: Flags For File Open Operations
**
** These bit values are intended for use in the
** 3rd parameter to the [sqlite3_open_v2()] interface and
** in the 4th parameter to the [sqlite3_vfs.xOpen] method.
*/
................................................................................
** when the database connection has [PRAGMA synchronous] set to OFF.)^
** Some specialized VFSes need this signal in order to operate correctly
** when [PRAGMA synchronous | PRAGMA synchronous=OFF] is set, but most 
** VFSes do not need this signal and should silently ignore this opcode.
** Applications should not call [sqlite3_file_control()] with this
** opcode as doing so may disrupt the operation of the specialized VFSes
** that do require it.  
**
** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_READONLY_SHM] may be generated internally by SQLite if
** the "readonly_shm=1" URI option is specified when the database is opened.
** The fourth argument passed to the VFS xFileControl methods is a pointer
** to a variable of type "int" containing the value 1 or 0. If the variable
** contains the value 1, then this indicates to the VFS that a read-only
** mapping of the shared-memory region is acceptable. If it is set to 0, then
** this indicates that a read-write mapping is required (as normal). If
** a read-only mapping is returned, then the VFS may also return read-only
** mappings for any subsequent requests via the same file-descriptor -
** regardless of the value most recently configured using
** SQLITE_FCNTL_READONLY_SHM.
**
** In practice, if "readonly_shm=1" is specified and the first attempt to
** map a shared-memory region fails, then this file-control is invoked with
** the argument variable set to 1 and a second attempt to map the shared-memory
** region is made. If this mapping succeeds, then the connection continues
** with the read-only mapping. Otherwise, if it fails, SQLITE_CANTOPEN is
** returned to the caller. Whether or not the second (read-only) mapping
** attempt succeeds, the file-control is invoked again with the argument
** variable set to 0.
*/
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE        1
#define SQLITE_GET_LOCKPROXYFILE      2
#define SQLITE_SET_LOCKPROXYFILE      3
#define SQLITE_LAST_ERRNO             4
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_HINT        5
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_CHUNK_SIZE       6
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_FILE_POINTER     7
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_SYNC_OMITTED     8
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_READONLY_SHM     9


/*
** CAPI3REF: Mutex Handle
**
** The mutex module within SQLite defines [sqlite3_mutex] to be an
** abstract type for a mutex object.  The SQLite core never looks
................................................................................
** then the path is interpreted as a relative path. 
** ^On windows, the first component of an absolute path 
** is a drive specification (e.g. "C:").
**
** [[core URI query parameters]]
** The query component of a URI may contain parameters that are interpreted
** either by SQLite itself, or by a [VFS | custom VFS implementation].
** SQLite interprets the following four query parameters:
**
** <ul>
**   <li> <b>vfs</b>: ^The "vfs" parameter may be used to specify the name of
**     a VFS object that provides the operating system interface that should
**     be used to access the database file on disk. ^If this option is set to
**     an empty string the default VFS object is used. ^Specifying an unknown
**     VFS is an error. ^If sqlite3_open_v2() is used and the vfs option is
................................................................................
**     "private". ^Setting it to "shared" is equivalent to setting the
**     SQLITE_OPEN_SHAREDCACHE bit in the flags argument passed to
**     sqlite3_open_v2(). ^Setting the cache parameter to "private" is 
**     equivalent to setting the SQLITE_OPEN_PRIVATECACHE bit.
**     ^If sqlite3_open_v2() is used and the "cache" parameter is present in
**     a URI filename, its value overrides any behaviour requested by setting
**     SQLITE_OPEN_PRIVATECACHE or SQLITE_OPEN_SHAREDCACHE flag.
**
**   <li> <b>readonly_shm</b>: ^The readonly_shm parameter may be set to 
**     either "1" or "0". Setting it to "1" indicates that if the database
**     is in WAL mode and read-write access to the associated shared 
**     memory region cannot be obtained, then an attempt should be made to open
**     the shared-memory in read-only mode instead. If there exist one or
**     more other database clients that have read-write connections to the
**     database shared-memory, then a read-only shared-memory connection works 
**     fine. However, if there exist no clients with read-write connections 
**     to the shared-memory and the most recent such crashed or was interrupted
**     by a power failure, then it is possible for a database client using a
**     read-only connection to return incorrect data, incorrectly report 
**     database corruption, or return an SQLITE_READONLY error. Or if the
**     most recent read-write connection shut down cleanly, it may not be
**     possible to open the shared-memory in read-only mode at all, and SQLite
**     will return SQLITE_CANTOPEN.
** </ul>
**
** ^Specifying an unknown parameter in the query component of a URI is not an
** error.  Future versions of SQLite might understand additional query
** parameters.  See "[query parameters with special meaning to SQLite]" for
** additional information.
**

Changes to src/sqliteInt.h.

2669
2670
2671
2672
2673
2674
2675
2676
2677
2678
2679
2680
2681
2682
2683
void sqlite3AddNotNull(Parse*, int);
void sqlite3AddPrimaryKey(Parse*, ExprList*, int, int, int);
void sqlite3AddCheckConstraint(Parse*, Expr*);
void sqlite3AddColumnType(Parse*,Token*);
void sqlite3AddDefaultValue(Parse*,ExprSpan*);
void sqlite3AddCollateType(Parse*, Token*);
void sqlite3EndTable(Parse*,Token*,Token*,Select*);
int sqlite3ParseUri(const char*,const char*,unsigned int*,
                    sqlite3_vfs**,char**,char **);

Bitvec *sqlite3BitvecCreate(u32);
int sqlite3BitvecTest(Bitvec*, u32);
int sqlite3BitvecSet(Bitvec*, u32);
void sqlite3BitvecClear(Bitvec*, u32, void*);
void sqlite3BitvecDestroy(Bitvec*);







|







2669
2670
2671
2672
2673
2674
2675
2676
2677
2678
2679
2680
2681
2682
2683
void sqlite3AddNotNull(Parse*, int);
void sqlite3AddPrimaryKey(Parse*, ExprList*, int, int, int);
void sqlite3AddCheckConstraint(Parse*, Expr*);
void sqlite3AddColumnType(Parse*,Token*);
void sqlite3AddDefaultValue(Parse*,ExprSpan*);
void sqlite3AddCollateType(Parse*, Token*);
void sqlite3EndTable(Parse*,Token*,Token*,Select*);
int sqlite3ParseUri(const char*,const char*,unsigned int*,int*,
                    sqlite3_vfs**,char**,char **);

Bitvec *sqlite3BitvecCreate(u32);
int sqlite3BitvecTest(Bitvec*, u32);
int sqlite3BitvecSet(Bitvec*, u32);
void sqlite3BitvecClear(Bitvec*, u32, void*);
void sqlite3BitvecDestroy(Bitvec*);

Changes to src/test1.c.

159
160
161
162
163
164
165


166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
    case SQLITE_IOERR_DELETE:        zName = "SQLITE_IOERR_DELETE";      break;
    case SQLITE_IOERR_BLOCKED:       zName = "SQLITE_IOERR_BLOCKED";     break;
    case SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM:         zName = "SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM";       break;
    case SQLITE_IOERR_ACCESS:        zName = "SQLITE_IOERR_ACCESS";      break;
    case SQLITE_IOERR_CHECKRESERVEDLOCK:
                               zName = "SQLITE_IOERR_CHECKRESERVEDLOCK"; break;
    case SQLITE_IOERR_LOCK:          zName = "SQLITE_IOERR_LOCK";        break;


    case SQLITE_CORRUPT_VTAB:        zName = "SQLITE_CORRUPT_VTAB";      break;
                               zName = "SQLITE_IOERR_CHECKRESERVEDLOCK"; break;
    default:                         zName = "SQLITE_Unknown";           break;
  }
  return zName;
}
#define t1ErrorName sqlite3TestErrorName

/*







>
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    case SQLITE_IOERR_DELETE:        zName = "SQLITE_IOERR_DELETE";      break;
    case SQLITE_IOERR_BLOCKED:       zName = "SQLITE_IOERR_BLOCKED";     break;
    case SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM:         zName = "SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM";       break;
    case SQLITE_IOERR_ACCESS:        zName = "SQLITE_IOERR_ACCESS";      break;
    case SQLITE_IOERR_CHECKRESERVEDLOCK:
                               zName = "SQLITE_IOERR_CHECKRESERVEDLOCK"; break;
    case SQLITE_IOERR_LOCK:          zName = "SQLITE_IOERR_LOCK";        break;
    case SQLITE_READONLY_RECOVERY:   zName = "SQLITE_READONLY_RECOVERY"; break;
    case SQLITE_READONLY_CANTLOCK:   zName = "SQLITE_READONLY_CANTLOCK"; break;
    case SQLITE_CORRUPT_VTAB:        zName = "SQLITE_CORRUPT_VTAB";      break;

    default:                         zName = "SQLITE_Unknown";           break;
  }
  return zName;
}
#define t1ErrorName sqlite3TestErrorName

/*

Changes to src/wal.c.

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#define walFrameOffset(iFrame, szPage) (                               \
  WAL_HDRSIZE + ((iFrame)-1)*(i64)((szPage)+WAL_FRAME_HDRSIZE)         \
)

/*
** An open write-ahead log file is represented by an instance of the
** following object.








*/
struct Wal {
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs;         /* The VFS used to create pDbFd */
  sqlite3_file *pDbFd;       /* File handle for the database file */
  sqlite3_file *pWalFd;      /* File handle for WAL file */
  u32 iCallback;             /* Value to pass to log callback (or 0) */
  i64 mxWalSize;             /* Truncate WAL to this size upon reset */
................................................................................
  volatile u32 **apWiData;   /* Pointer to wal-index content in memory */
  u32 szPage;                /* Database page size */
  i16 readLock;              /* Which read lock is being held.  -1 for none */
  u8 exclusiveMode;          /* Non-zero if connection is in exclusive mode */
  u8 writeLock;              /* True if in a write transaction */
  u8 ckptLock;               /* True if holding a checkpoint lock */
  u8 readOnly;               /* True if the WAL file is open read-only */

  WalIndexHdr hdr;           /* Wal-index header for current transaction */
  const char *zWalName;      /* Name of WAL file */
  u32 nCkpt;                 /* Checkpoint sequence counter in the wal-header */
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  u8 lockError;              /* True if a locking error has occurred */
#endif
};
................................................................................
    if( pWal->exclusiveMode==WAL_HEAPMEMORY_MODE ){
      pWal->apWiData[iPage] = (u32 volatile *)sqlite3MallocZero(WALINDEX_PGSZ);
      if( !pWal->apWiData[iPage] ) rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }else{
      rc = sqlite3OsShmMap(pWal->pDbFd, iPage, WALINDEX_PGSZ, 
          pWal->writeLock, (void volatile **)&pWal->apWiData[iPage]
      );








    }

  }


  *ppPage = pWal->apWiData[iPage];

  assert( iPage==0 || *ppPage || rc!=SQLITE_OK );

  return rc;
}

/*
** Return a pointer to the WalCkptInfo structure in the wal-index.
*/
static volatile WalCkptInfo *walCkptInfo(Wal *pWal){
................................................................................
  if( pWal->exclusiveMode ) return;
  (void)sqlite3OsShmLock(pWal->pDbFd, lockIdx, 1,
                         SQLITE_SHM_UNLOCK | SQLITE_SHM_SHARED);
  WALTRACE(("WAL%p: release SHARED-%s\n", pWal, walLockName(lockIdx)));
}
static int walLockExclusive(Wal *pWal, int lockIdx, int n){
  int rc;

  if( pWal->exclusiveMode ) return SQLITE_OK;
  rc = sqlite3OsShmLock(pWal->pDbFd, lockIdx, n,
                        SQLITE_SHM_LOCK | SQLITE_SHM_EXCLUSIVE);
  WALTRACE(("WAL%p: acquire EXCLUSIVE-%s cnt=%d %s\n", pWal,
            walLockName(lockIdx), n, rc ? "failed" : "ok"));
  VVA_ONLY( pWal->lockError = (u8)(rc!=SQLITE_OK && rc!=SQLITE_BUSY); )
  return rc;
}
static void walUnlockExclusive(Wal *pWal, int lockIdx, int n){

  if( pWal->exclusiveMode ) return;
  (void)sqlite3OsShmLock(pWal->pDbFd, lockIdx, n,
                         SQLITE_SHM_UNLOCK | SQLITE_SHM_EXCLUSIVE);
  WALTRACE(("WAL%p: release EXCLUSIVE-%s cnt=%d\n", pWal,
             walLockName(lockIdx), n));
}

................................................................................
  ** If successful, the same bytes that are locked here are unlocked before
  ** this function returns.
  */
  assert( pWal->ckptLock==1 || pWal->ckptLock==0 );
  assert( WAL_ALL_BUT_WRITE==WAL_WRITE_LOCK+1 );
  assert( WAL_CKPT_LOCK==WAL_ALL_BUT_WRITE );
  assert( pWal->writeLock );

  iLock = WAL_ALL_BUT_WRITE + pWal->ckptLock;
  nLock = SQLITE_SHM_NLOCK - iLock;
  rc = walLockExclusive(pWal, iLock, nLock);
  if( rc ){
    return rc;
  }
  WALTRACE(("WAL%p: recovery begin...\n", pWal));
................................................................................
  */
  assert( pChanged );
  rc = walIndexPage(pWal, 0, &page0);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    return rc;
  };
  assert( page0 || pWal->writeLock==0 );


  /* If the first page of the wal-index has been mapped, try to read the
  ** wal-index header immediately, without holding any lock. This usually
  ** works, but may fail if the wal-index header is corrupt or currently 
  ** being modified by another thread or process.
  */
  badHdr = (page0 ? walIndexTryHdr(pWal, pChanged) : 1);

  /* If the first attempt failed, it might have been due to a race
  ** with a writer.  So get a WRITE lock and try again.
  */
  assert( badHdr==0 || pWal->writeLock==0 );






  if( badHdr && SQLITE_OK==(rc = walLockExclusive(pWal, WAL_WRITE_LOCK, 1)) ){
    pWal->writeLock = 1;
    if( SQLITE_OK==(rc = walIndexPage(pWal, 0, &page0)) ){
      badHdr = walIndexTryHdr(pWal, pChanged);
      if( badHdr ){
        /* If the wal-index header is still malformed even while holding
        ** a WRITE lock, it can only mean that the header is corrupted and
        ** needs to be reconstructed.  So run recovery to do exactly that.
        */
        rc = walIndexRecover(pWal);
        *pChanged = 1;
      }
    }
    pWal->writeLock = 0;
    walUnlockExclusive(pWal, WAL_WRITE_LOCK, 1);

  }

  /* If the header is read successfully, check the version number to make
  ** sure the wal-index was not constructed with some future format that
  ** this version of SQLite cannot understand.
  */
  if( badHdr==0 && pWal->hdr.iVersion!=WALINDEX_MAX_VERSION ){
................................................................................
      assert( thisMark!=READMARK_NOT_USED );
      mxReadMark = thisMark;
      mxI = i;
    }
  }
  /* There was once an "if" here. The extra "{" is to preserve indentation. */
  {
    if( mxReadMark < pWal->hdr.mxFrame || mxI==0 ){
      for(i=1; i<WAL_NREADER; i++){
        rc = walLockExclusive(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(i), 1);
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          mxReadMark = pInfo->aReadMark[i] = pWal->hdr.mxFrame;
          mxI = i;
          walUnlockExclusive(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(i), 1);
          break;
................................................................................
        }else if( rc!=SQLITE_BUSY ){
          return rc;
        }
      }
    }
    if( mxI==0 ){
      assert( rc==SQLITE_BUSY );
      return WAL_RETRY;

    }

    rc = walLockShared(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(mxI));
    if( rc ){
      return rc==SQLITE_BUSY ? WAL_RETRY : rc;
    }
    /* Now that the read-lock has been obtained, check that neither the
................................................................................
** that extra content is ignored by the current thread.
**
** If the database contents have changes since the previous read
** transaction, then *pChanged is set to 1 before returning.  The
** Pager layer will use this to know that is cache is stale and
** needs to be flushed.
*/
int sqlite3WalBeginReadTransaction(Wal *pWal, int *pChanged){
  int rc;                         /* Return code */
  int cnt = 0;                    /* Number of TryBeginRead attempts */





  do{
    rc = walTryBeginRead(pWal, pChanged, 0, ++cnt);
  }while( rc==WAL_RETRY );

  testcase( (rc&0xff)==SQLITE_BUSY );
  testcase( (rc&0xff)==SQLITE_IOERR );
  testcase( rc==SQLITE_PROTOCOL );
  testcase( rc==SQLITE_OK );
  return rc;
}

................................................................................
  /* Cannot start a write transaction without first holding a read
  ** transaction. */
  assert( pWal->readLock>=0 );

  if( pWal->readOnly ){
    return SQLITE_READONLY;
  }


  /* Only one writer allowed at a time.  Get the write lock.  Return
  ** SQLITE_BUSY if unable.
  */
  rc = walLockExclusive(pWal, WAL_WRITE_LOCK, 1);
  if( rc ){
    return rc;
................................................................................
  int isChanged = 0;              /* True if a new wal-index header is loaded */
  int eMode2 = eMode;             /* Mode to pass to walCheckpoint() */

  assert( pWal->ckptLock==0 );
  assert( pWal->writeLock==0 );

  WALTRACE(("WAL%p: checkpoint begins\n", pWal));




  rc = walLockExclusive(pWal, WAL_CKPT_LOCK, 1);
  if( rc ){
    /* Usually this is SQLITE_BUSY meaning that another thread or process
    ** is already running a checkpoint, or maybe a recovery.  But it might
    ** also be SQLITE_IOERR. */
    return rc;
  }







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#define walFrameOffset(iFrame, szPage) (                               \
  WAL_HDRSIZE + ((iFrame)-1)*(i64)((szPage)+WAL_FRAME_HDRSIZE)         \
)

/*
** An open write-ahead log file is represented by an instance of the
** following object.
**
** The readOnlyShm variable is normally set to 0. If it is set to 1, then
** the connection to shared-memory is read-only. This means it cannot
** be written at all (even when read-locking the database). If it is set
** to 2, then the shared-memory region is not yet open, but a read-only
** connection is acceptable. In this case when the shared-memory is opened
** (see function walIndexPage()), readOnlyShm is set to either 0 or 1 as
** appropriate.
*/
struct Wal {
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs;         /* The VFS used to create pDbFd */
  sqlite3_file *pDbFd;       /* File handle for the database file */
  sqlite3_file *pWalFd;      /* File handle for WAL file */
  u32 iCallback;             /* Value to pass to log callback (or 0) */
  i64 mxWalSize;             /* Truncate WAL to this size upon reset */
................................................................................
  volatile u32 **apWiData;   /* Pointer to wal-index content in memory */
  u32 szPage;                /* Database page size */
  i16 readLock;              /* Which read lock is being held.  -1 for none */
  u8 exclusiveMode;          /* Non-zero if connection is in exclusive mode */
  u8 writeLock;              /* True if in a write transaction */
  u8 ckptLock;               /* True if holding a checkpoint lock */
  u8 readOnly;               /* True if the WAL file is open read-only */
  u8 readOnlyShm;            /* True if the SHM file is open read-only */
  WalIndexHdr hdr;           /* Wal-index header for current transaction */
  const char *zWalName;      /* Name of WAL file */
  u32 nCkpt;                 /* Checkpoint sequence counter in the wal-header */
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  u8 lockError;              /* True if a locking error has occurred */
#endif
};
................................................................................
    if( pWal->exclusiveMode==WAL_HEAPMEMORY_MODE ){
      pWal->apWiData[iPage] = (u32 volatile *)sqlite3MallocZero(WALINDEX_PGSZ);
      if( !pWal->apWiData[iPage] ) rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }else{
      rc = sqlite3OsShmMap(pWal->pDbFd, iPage, WALINDEX_PGSZ, 
          pWal->writeLock, (void volatile **)&pWal->apWiData[iPage]
      );
      if( rc==SQLITE_CANTOPEN && pWal->readOnlyShm>1 ){
        assert( iPage==0 );
        sqlite3OsFileControl(pWal->pDbFd, SQLITE_FCNTL_READONLY_SHM, (void*)1);
        rc = sqlite3OsShmMap(pWal->pDbFd, iPage, WALINDEX_PGSZ, 
            pWal->writeLock, (void volatile **)&pWal->apWiData[iPage]
        );
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          pWal->readOnly = pWal->readOnlyShm = 1;
        }
        sqlite3OsFileControl(pWal->pDbFd, SQLITE_FCNTL_READONLY_SHM, (void*)0);
      }
    }
  }
  *ppPage = pWal->apWiData[iPage];

  assert( iPage==0 || *ppPage || rc!=SQLITE_OK );
  if( pWal->readOnlyShm>1 ) pWal->readOnlyShm = 0;
  return rc;
}

/*
** Return a pointer to the WalCkptInfo structure in the wal-index.
*/
static volatile WalCkptInfo *walCkptInfo(Wal *pWal){
................................................................................
  if( pWal->exclusiveMode ) return;
  (void)sqlite3OsShmLock(pWal->pDbFd, lockIdx, 1,
                         SQLITE_SHM_UNLOCK | SQLITE_SHM_SHARED);
  WALTRACE(("WAL%p: release SHARED-%s\n", pWal, walLockName(lockIdx)));
}
static int walLockExclusive(Wal *pWal, int lockIdx, int n){
  int rc;
  assert( pWal->readOnlyShm==0 );
  if( pWal->exclusiveMode ) return SQLITE_OK;
  rc = sqlite3OsShmLock(pWal->pDbFd, lockIdx, n,
                        SQLITE_SHM_LOCK | SQLITE_SHM_EXCLUSIVE);
  WALTRACE(("WAL%p: acquire EXCLUSIVE-%s cnt=%d %s\n", pWal,
            walLockName(lockIdx), n, rc ? "failed" : "ok"));
  VVA_ONLY( pWal->lockError = (u8)(rc!=SQLITE_OK && rc!=SQLITE_BUSY); )
  return rc;
}
static void walUnlockExclusive(Wal *pWal, int lockIdx, int n){
  assert( pWal->readOnlyShm==0 );
  if( pWal->exclusiveMode ) return;
  (void)sqlite3OsShmLock(pWal->pDbFd, lockIdx, n,
                         SQLITE_SHM_UNLOCK | SQLITE_SHM_EXCLUSIVE);
  WALTRACE(("WAL%p: release EXCLUSIVE-%s cnt=%d\n", pWal,
             walLockName(lockIdx), n));
}

................................................................................
  ** If successful, the same bytes that are locked here are unlocked before
  ** this function returns.
  */
  assert( pWal->ckptLock==1 || pWal->ckptLock==0 );
  assert( WAL_ALL_BUT_WRITE==WAL_WRITE_LOCK+1 );
  assert( WAL_CKPT_LOCK==WAL_ALL_BUT_WRITE );
  assert( pWal->writeLock );
  assert( pWal->readOnlyShm==0 );
  iLock = WAL_ALL_BUT_WRITE + pWal->ckptLock;
  nLock = SQLITE_SHM_NLOCK - iLock;
  rc = walLockExclusive(pWal, iLock, nLock);
  if( rc ){
    return rc;
  }
  WALTRACE(("WAL%p: recovery begin...\n", pWal));
................................................................................
  */
  assert( pChanged );
  rc = walIndexPage(pWal, 0, &page0);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    return rc;
  };
  assert( page0 || pWal->writeLock==0 );
  assert( pWal->readOnlyShm==0 || pWal->readOnlyShm==1 );

  /* If the first page of the wal-index has been mapped, try to read the
  ** wal-index header immediately, without holding any lock. This usually
  ** works, but may fail if the wal-index header is corrupt or currently 
  ** being modified by another thread or process.
  */
  badHdr = (page0 ? walIndexTryHdr(pWal, pChanged) : 1);

  /* If the first attempt failed, it might have been due to a race
  ** with a writer. So lock the WAL_WRITE_LOCK byte and try again.
  */
  assert( badHdr==0 || pWal->writeLock==0 );
  if( badHdr ){
    if( pWal->readOnlyShm ){
      if( SQLITE_OK==(rc = walLockShared(pWal, WAL_WRITE_LOCK)) ){
        walUnlockShared(pWal, WAL_WRITE_LOCK);
        rc = SQLITE_READONLY_RECOVERY;
      }
    }else if( SQLITE_OK==(rc = walLockExclusive(pWal, WAL_WRITE_LOCK, 1)) ){
      pWal->writeLock = 1;
      if( SQLITE_OK==(rc = walIndexPage(pWal, 0, &page0)) ){
        badHdr = walIndexTryHdr(pWal, pChanged);
        if( badHdr ){
          /* If the wal-index header is still malformed even while holding
          ** a WRITE lock, it can only mean that the header is corrupted and
          ** needs to be reconstructed.  So run recovery to do exactly that.
          */
          rc = walIndexRecover(pWal);
          *pChanged = 1;
        }
      }
      pWal->writeLock = 0;
      walUnlockExclusive(pWal, WAL_WRITE_LOCK, 1);
    }
  }

  /* If the header is read successfully, check the version number to make
  ** sure the wal-index was not constructed with some future format that
  ** this version of SQLite cannot understand.
  */
  if( badHdr==0 && pWal->hdr.iVersion!=WALINDEX_MAX_VERSION ){
................................................................................
      assert( thisMark!=READMARK_NOT_USED );
      mxReadMark = thisMark;
      mxI = i;
    }
  }
  /* There was once an "if" here. The extra "{" is to preserve indentation. */
  {
    if( pWal->readOnlyShm==0 && (mxReadMark < pWal->hdr.mxFrame || mxI==0) ){
      for(i=1; i<WAL_NREADER; i++){
        rc = walLockExclusive(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(i), 1);
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          mxReadMark = pInfo->aReadMark[i] = pWal->hdr.mxFrame;
          mxI = i;
          walUnlockExclusive(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(i), 1);
          break;
................................................................................
        }else if( rc!=SQLITE_BUSY ){
          return rc;
        }
      }
    }
    if( mxI==0 ){
      assert( rc==SQLITE_BUSY );
      assert( rc==SQLITE_BUSY || (pWal->readOnlyShm && rc==SQLITE_OK) );
      return rc==SQLITE_BUSY ? WAL_RETRY : SQLITE_READONLY_CANTLOCK;
    }

    rc = walLockShared(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(mxI));
    if( rc ){
      return rc==SQLITE_BUSY ? WAL_RETRY : rc;
    }
    /* Now that the read-lock has been obtained, check that neither the
................................................................................
** that extra content is ignored by the current thread.
**
** If the database contents have changes since the previous read
** transaction, then *pChanged is set to 1 before returning.  The
** Pager layer will use this to know that is cache is stale and
** needs to be flushed.
*/
int sqlite3WalBeginReadTransaction(Wal *pWal, int readOnlyShm, int *pChanged){
  int rc;                         /* Return code */
  int cnt = 0;                    /* Number of TryBeginRead attempts */

  if( pWal->nWiData==0 || pWal->apWiData[0]==0 ){
    assert( readOnlyShm==0 || readOnlyShm==1 );
    pWal->readOnlyShm = readOnlyShm*2;
  }
  do{
    rc = walTryBeginRead(pWal, pChanged, 0, ++cnt);
  }while( rc==WAL_RETRY );
  assert( rc || pWal->readOnlyShm==0 || (readOnlyShm && pWal->readOnlyShm==1) );
  testcase( (rc&0xff)==SQLITE_BUSY );
  testcase( (rc&0xff)==SQLITE_IOERR );
  testcase( rc==SQLITE_PROTOCOL );
  testcase( rc==SQLITE_OK );
  return rc;
}

................................................................................
  /* Cannot start a write transaction without first holding a read
  ** transaction. */
  assert( pWal->readLock>=0 );

  if( pWal->readOnly ){
    return SQLITE_READONLY;
  }
  assert( pWal->readOnlyShm==0 );

  /* Only one writer allowed at a time.  Get the write lock.  Return
  ** SQLITE_BUSY if unable.
  */
  rc = walLockExclusive(pWal, WAL_WRITE_LOCK, 1);
  if( rc ){
    return rc;
................................................................................
  int isChanged = 0;              /* True if a new wal-index header is loaded */
  int eMode2 = eMode;             /* Mode to pass to walCheckpoint() */

  assert( pWal->ckptLock==0 );
  assert( pWal->writeLock==0 );

  WALTRACE(("WAL%p: checkpoint begins\n", pWal));
  if( pWal->readOnlyShm ){
    return SQLITE_READONLY;
  }

  rc = walLockExclusive(pWal, WAL_CKPT_LOCK, 1);
  if( rc ){
    /* Usually this is SQLITE_BUSY meaning that another thread or process
    ** is already running a checkpoint, or maybe a recovery.  But it might
    ** also be SQLITE_IOERR. */
    return rc;
  }

Changes to src/wal.h.

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#include "sqliteInt.h"

#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
# define sqlite3WalOpen(x,y,z)                   0
# define sqlite3WalLimit(x,y)
# define sqlite3WalClose(w,x,y,z)                0
# define sqlite3WalBeginReadTransaction(y,z)     0
# define sqlite3WalEndReadTransaction(z)
# define sqlite3WalRead(v,w,x,y,z)               0
# define sqlite3WalDbsize(y)                     0
# define sqlite3WalBeginWriteTransaction(y)      0
# define sqlite3WalEndWriteTransaction(x)        0
# define sqlite3WalUndo(x,y,z)                   0
# define sqlite3WalSavepoint(y,z)
................................................................................
/* Used by readers to open (lock) and close (unlock) a snapshot.  A 
** snapshot is like a read-transaction.  It is the state of the database
** at an instant in time.  sqlite3WalOpenSnapshot gets a read lock and
** preserves the current state even if the other threads or processes
** write to or checkpoint the WAL.  sqlite3WalCloseSnapshot() closes the
** transaction and releases the lock.
*/
int sqlite3WalBeginReadTransaction(Wal *pWal, int *);
void sqlite3WalEndReadTransaction(Wal *pWal);

/* Read a page from the write-ahead log, if it is present. */
int sqlite3WalRead(Wal *pWal, Pgno pgno, int *pInWal, int nOut, u8 *pOut);

/* If the WAL is not empty, return the size of the database. */
Pgno sqlite3WalDbsize(Wal *pWal);







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#include "sqliteInt.h"

#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
# define sqlite3WalOpen(x,y,z)                   0
# define sqlite3WalLimit(x,y)
# define sqlite3WalClose(w,x,y,z)                0
# define sqlite3WalBeginReadTransaction(x,y,z)   0
# define sqlite3WalEndReadTransaction(z)
# define sqlite3WalRead(v,w,x,y,z)               0
# define sqlite3WalDbsize(y)                     0
# define sqlite3WalBeginWriteTransaction(y)      0
# define sqlite3WalEndWriteTransaction(x)        0
# define sqlite3WalUndo(x,y,z)                   0
# define sqlite3WalSavepoint(y,z)
................................................................................
/* Used by readers to open (lock) and close (unlock) a snapshot.  A 
** snapshot is like a read-transaction.  It is the state of the database
** at an instant in time.  sqlite3WalOpenSnapshot gets a read lock and
** preserves the current state even if the other threads or processes
** write to or checkpoint the WAL.  sqlite3WalCloseSnapshot() closes the
** transaction and releases the lock.
*/
int sqlite3WalBeginReadTransaction(Wal *pWal, int, int *);
void sqlite3WalEndReadTransaction(Wal *pWal);

/* Read a page from the write-ahead log, if it is present. */
int sqlite3WalRead(Wal *pWal, Pgno pgno, int *pInWal, int nOut, u8 *pOut);

/* If the WAL is not empty, return the size of the database. */
Pgno sqlite3WalDbsize(Wal *pWal);

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    proc csql1 {sql} { list [catch { sql1 $sql } msg] $msg }
    proc csql2 {sql} { list [catch { sql2 $sql } msg] $msg }
    proc csql3 {sql} { list [catch { sql3 $sql } msg] $msg }

    uplevel set $varname $tn
    uplevel $script

    code2 { db2 close }
    code3 { db3 close }
    catch { close $::code2_chan }
    catch { close $::code3_chan }
    catch { db close }
  }
}

# Launch another testfixture process to be controlled by this one. A







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    proc csql1 {sql} { list [catch { sql1 $sql } msg] $msg }
    proc csql2 {sql} { list [catch { sql2 $sql } msg] $msg }
    proc csql3 {sql} { list [catch { sql3 $sql } msg] $msg }

    uplevel set $varname $tn
    uplevel $script

    catch { code2 { db2 close } }
    catch { code3 { db3 close } }
    catch { close $::code2_chan }
    catch { close $::code3_chan }
    catch { db close }
  }
}

# Launch another testfixture process to be controlled by this one. A

Added test/walro.test.































































































































































































































































































































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# 2011 May 09
#
# The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
# a legal notice, here is a blessing:
#
#    May you do good and not evil.
#    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
#    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
#
#***********************************************************************
#
# This file contains tests for using WAL databases in read-only mode.
#

set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl
source $testdir/lock_common.tcl
set ::testprefix walro


do_multiclient_test tn {
  # These tests are only going to work on unix.
  #
  if {$tcl_platform(platform) != "unix"} continue

  # Do not run tests with the connections in the same process.
  #
  if {$tn==2} continue
  
  # Close all connections and delete the database.
  #
  code1 { db close  }
  code2 { db2 close }
  code3 { db3 close }
  forcedelete test.db
  forcedelete walro

  foreach c {code1 code2 code3} {
    $c {
      sqlite3_shutdown
      sqlite3_config_uri 1
    }
  }

  file mkdir walro

  do_test 1.1.1 {
    code2 { sqlite3 db2 test.db }
    sql2 { 
      PRAGMA journal_mode = WAL;
      CREATE TABLE t1(x, y);
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES('a', 'b');
    }
    file exists test.db-shm
  } {1}

  do_test 1.1.2 {
    file attributes test.db-shm -permissions r--r--r--
    code1 { sqlite3 db file:test.db?readonly_shm=1 }
  } {}

  do_test 1.1.3 { sql1 "SELECT * FROM t1" }                {a b}
  do_test 1.1.4 { sql2 "INSERT INTO t1 VALUES('c', 'd')" } {}
  do_test 1.1.5 { sql1 "SELECT * FROM t1" }                {a b c d}

  # Check that the read-only connection cannot write or checkpoint the db.
  #
  do_test 1.1.6 { 
    csql1 "INSERT INTO t1 VALUES('e', 'f')" 
  } {1 {attempt to write a readonly database}}
  do_test 1.1.7 { 
    csql1 "PRAGMA wal_checkpoint"
  } {1 {attempt to write a readonly database}}

  do_test 1.1.9  { sql2 "INSERT INTO t1 VALUES('e', 'f')" } {}
  do_test 1.1.10 { sql1 "SELECT * FROM t1" }                {a b c d e f}

  do_test 1.1.11 { 
    sql2 {
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES('g', 'h');
      PRAGMA wal_checkpoint;
    }
    set {} {}
  } {}
  do_test 1.1.12 { sql1 "SELECT * FROM t1" }                {a b c d e f g h}
  do_test 1.1.13  { sql2 "INSERT INTO t1 VALUES('i', 'j')" } {}

  do_test 1.2.1 {
    code2 { db2 close }
    code1 { db close }
    list [file exists test.db-wal] [file exists test.db-shm]
  } {1 1}
  do_test 1.2.2 {
    code1 { sqlite3 db file:test.db?readonly_shm=1 }
    sql1 { SELECT * FROM t1 }
  } {a b c d e f g h i j}

  do_test 1.2.3 {
    code1 { db close }
    file attributes test.db-shm -permissions rw-r--r--
    hexio_write test.db-shm 0 01020304 
    file attributes test.db-shm -permissions r--r--r--
    code1 { sqlite3 db file:test.db?readonly_shm=1 }
    csql1 { SELECT * FROM t1 }
  } {1 {attempt to write a readonly database}}
  do_test 1.2.4 {
    code1 { sqlite3_extended_errcode db } 
  } {SQLITE_READONLY_RECOVERY}

  do_test 1.2.5 {
    file attributes test.db-shm -permissions rw-r--r--
    code2 { sqlite3 db2 test.db }
    sql2 "SELECT * FROM t1" 
  } {a b c d e f g h i j}
  file attributes test.db-shm -permissions r--r--r--
  do_test 1.2.6 { sql1 "SELECT * FROM t1" } {a b c d e f g h i j}

  do_test 1.2.7 { 
    sql2 {
      PRAGMA wal_checkpoint;
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES('k', 'l');
    }
    set {} {}
  } {}
  do_test 1.2.8 { sql1 "SELECT * FROM t1" } {a b c d e f g h i j k l}

  # Now check that if the readonly_shm option is not supplied, or if it
  # is set to zero, it is not possible to connect to the database without
  # read-write access to the shm.
  do_test 1.3.1 {
    code1 { db close }
    code1 { sqlite3 db test.db }
    csql1 { SELECT * FROM t1 }
  } {1 {unable to open database file}}

  # Also test that if the -shm file can be opened for read/write access,
  # it is, even if readonly_shm=1 is present in the URI.
  do_test 1.3.2.1 {
    code1 { db close }
    code2 { db2 close }
    file exists test.db-shm
  } {0}
  do_test 1.3.2.2 {
    code1 { sqlite3 db file:test.db?readonly_shm=1 }
    sql1 { SELECT * FROM t1 }
  } {a b c d e f g h i j k l}
  do_test 1.3.2.3 {
    code1 { db close }
    close [open test.db-shm w]
    file attributes test.db-shm -permissions r--r--r--
    code1 { sqlite3 db file:test.db?readonly_shm=1 }
    csql1 { SELECT * FROM t1 }
  } {1 {attempt to write a readonly database}}
  do_test 1.3.2.4 {
    code1 { sqlite3_extended_errcode db } 
  } {SQLITE_READONLY_RECOVERY}
}

finish_test