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Overview
Comment:Add the "index_usage" utility program.
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SHA3-256:df95455213c9d1db7229e94217e78edc05cbf9e40f39528105494ea6ac52be94
User & Date: drh 2018-12-04 16:51:42
Context
2018-12-05
13:39
Enhance the sqlite3_normalize_sql() interface so that it works even if the prepared statement was not initially compiled using SQLITE_PREPARE_NORMALIZED. Enhance the ".trace" command in the CLI so that it is able to access the full scope of functionality provided by sqlite3_trace_v2() and in particular so that it is able to show normalized SQL output using the newly enhanced sqlite3_normalize_sql() interface. check-in: 7da617e9 user: drh tags: trunk
2018-12-04
21:16
When compiled with SQLITE_ENABLE_NORMALIZE, always have sqlite3_exec() enable the SQLITE_PREPARE_NORMALIZE flag. Leaf check-in: 28643d83 user: mistachkin tags: execWithNormalize
16:51
Add the "index_usage" utility program. check-in: df954552 user: drh tags: trunk
14:33
Performance improvement in sqlite3_step() by creating a new mTrace flag for the legacy xProfile pointer that is set by sqlite3_profile(). check-in: e28584e8 user: drh tags: trunk
Changes
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Changes to Makefile.in.

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showwal$(TEXE):	$(TOP)/tool/showwal.c sqlite3.lo
	$(LTLINK) -o $@ $(TOP)/tool/showwal.c sqlite3.lo $(TLIBS)

showshm$(TEXE):	$(TOP)/tool/showshm.c
	$(LTLINK) -o $@ $(TOP)/tool/showshm.c




changeset$(TEXE):	$(TOP)/ext/session/changeset.c sqlite3.lo
	$(LTLINK) -o $@ $(TOP)/ext/session/changeset.c sqlite3.lo $(TLIBS)

changesetfuzz$(TEXE):	$(TOP)/ext/session/changesetfuzz.c sqlite3.lo
	$(LTLINK) -o $@ $(TOP)/ext/session/changesetfuzz.c sqlite3.lo $(TLIBS)

rollback-test$(TEXE):	$(TOP)/tool/rollback-test.c sqlite3.lo







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showwal$(TEXE):	$(TOP)/tool/showwal.c sqlite3.lo
	$(LTLINK) -o $@ $(TOP)/tool/showwal.c sqlite3.lo $(TLIBS)

showshm$(TEXE):	$(TOP)/tool/showshm.c
	$(LTLINK) -o $@ $(TOP)/tool/showshm.c

index_usage$(TEXE): $(TOP)/tool/index_usage.c sqlite3.lo
	$(LTLINK) -o $@ $(TOP)/tool/index_usage.c sqlite3.lo $(TLIBS)

changeset$(TEXE):	$(TOP)/ext/session/changeset.c sqlite3.lo
	$(LTLINK) -o $@ $(TOP)/ext/session/changeset.c sqlite3.lo $(TLIBS)

changesetfuzz$(TEXE):	$(TOP)/ext/session/changesetfuzz.c sqlite3.lo
	$(LTLINK) -o $@ $(TOP)/ext/session/changesetfuzz.c sqlite3.lo $(TLIBS)

rollback-test$(TEXE):	$(TOP)/tool/rollback-test.c sqlite3.lo

Changes to Makefile.msc.

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showwal.exe:	$(TOP)\tool\showwal.c $(SQLITE3C) $(SQLITE3H)
	$(LTLINK) $(NO_WARN) -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 -DSQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION \
		$(TOP)\tool\showwal.c $(SQLITE3C) /link $(LDFLAGS) $(LTLINKOPTS)

showshm.exe:	$(TOP)\tool\showshm.c
	$(LTLINK) $(NO_WARN)	$(TOP)\tool\showshm.c /link $(LDFLAGS) $(LTLINKOPTS)





changeset.exe:	$(TOP)\ext\session\changeset.c $(SQLITE3C) $(SQLITE3H)
	$(LTLINK) $(NO_WARN) -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 -DSQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION \
		-DSQLITE_ENABLE_SESSION=1 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_PREUPDATE_HOOK=1 \
		$(TOP)\ext\session\changeset.c $(SQLITE3C) /link $(LDFLAGS) $(LTLINKOPTS)

changesetfuzz.exe:	$(TOP)\ext\session\changesetfuzz.c $(SQLITE3C) $(SQLITE3H)
	$(LTLINK) $(NO_WARN) -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 -DSQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION \







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showwal.exe:	$(TOP)\tool\showwal.c $(SQLITE3C) $(SQLITE3H)
	$(LTLINK) $(NO_WARN) -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 -DSQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION \
		$(TOP)\tool\showwal.c $(SQLITE3C) /link $(LDFLAGS) $(LTLINKOPTS)

showshm.exe:	$(TOP)\tool\showshm.c
	$(LTLINK) $(NO_WARN)	$(TOP)\tool\showshm.c /link $(LDFLAGS) $(LTLINKOPTS)

index_usage.exe: $(TOP)\tool\index_usage.c $(SQLITE3C) $(SQLITE3H)
	$(LTLINK) $(NO_WARN) -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 -DSQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION \
		$(TOP)\tool\index_usage.c $(SQLITE3C) /link $(LDFLAGS) $(LTLINKOPTS)

changeset.exe:	$(TOP)\ext\session\changeset.c $(SQLITE3C) $(SQLITE3H)
	$(LTLINK) $(NO_WARN) -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 -DSQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION \
		-DSQLITE_ENABLE_SESSION=1 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_PREUPDATE_HOOK=1 \
		$(TOP)\ext\session\changeset.c $(SQLITE3C) /link $(LDFLAGS) $(LTLINKOPTS)

changesetfuzz.exe:	$(TOP)\ext\session\changesetfuzz.c $(SQLITE3C) $(SQLITE3H)
	$(LTLINK) $(NO_WARN) -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 -DSQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION \

Changes to main.mk.

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showwal$(EXE):	$(TOP)/tool/showwal.c sqlite3.o
	$(TCC) -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 -DSQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION -o showwal$(EXE) \
		$(TOP)/tool/showwal.c sqlite3.o $(THREADLIB)

showshm$(EXE):	$(TOP)/tool/showshm.c
	$(TCC) -o showshm$(EXE) $(TOP)/tool/showshm.c





changeset$(EXE):	$(TOP)/ext/session/changeset.c sqlite3.o
	$(TCC) -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 -DSQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION -o changeset$(EXE) \
		$(TOP)/ext/session/changeset.c sqlite3.o $(THREADLIB)

changesetfuzz$(EXE):	$(TOP)/ext/session/changesetfuzz.c sqlite3.o
	$(TCC) -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 -DSQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION -o changesetfuzz$(EXE) \







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showwal$(EXE):	$(TOP)/tool/showwal.c sqlite3.o
	$(TCC) -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 -DSQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION -o showwal$(EXE) \
		$(TOP)/tool/showwal.c sqlite3.o $(THREADLIB)

showshm$(EXE):	$(TOP)/tool/showshm.c
	$(TCC) -o showshm$(EXE) $(TOP)/tool/showshm.c

index_usage$(EXE): $(TOP)/tool/index_usage.c sqlite3.o
	$(TCC) -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 -DSQLITE_OMIT_DEPRECATED -o index_usage$(EXE) \
		$(TOP)/tool/index_usage.c sqlite3.o $(THREADLIB)

changeset$(EXE):	$(TOP)/ext/session/changeset.c sqlite3.o
	$(TCC) -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 -DSQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION -o changeset$(EXE) \
		$(TOP)/ext/session/changeset.c sqlite3.o $(THREADLIB)

changesetfuzz$(EXE):	$(TOP)/ext/session/changesetfuzz.c sqlite3.o
	$(TCC) -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 -DSQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION -o changesetfuzz$(EXE) \

Added tool/index_usage.c.









































































































































































































































































































































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/*
** 2018-12-04
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** 
** This file implements a utility program used to help determine which
** indexes in a database schema are used and unused, and how often specific
** indexes are used.
*/
#include "sqlite3.h"
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <assert.h>
#include <string.h>

static void usage(const char *argv0){
  printf("Usage: %s DATABASE LOG\n\n", argv0);
  printf(
    "DATABASE is an SQLite database against which various statements\n"
    "have been run.  The SQL text is stored in LOG.  LOG is an SQLite\n"
    "database with this schema:\n"
    "\n"
    "    CREATE TABLE sqllog(sql TEXT);\n"
    "\n"
    "This utility program analyzes statements contained in LOG and prints\n"
    "a report showing how many times each index in DATABASE is used by the\n"
    "statements in LOG.\n"
    "\n"
    "DATABASE only needs to contain the schema used by the statements in\n"
    "LOG. The content can be removed from DATABASE.\n"
  );
  printf("\nAnalysis will be done by SQLite version %s dated %.20s\n"
         "checkin number %.40s. Different versions\n"
         "of SQLite might use different indexes.\n",
         sqlite3_libversion(), sqlite3_sourceid(), sqlite3_sourceid()+21);
  exit(1);
}

int main(int argc, char **argv){
  sqlite3 *db = 0;          /* The main database */
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt = 0;  /* a query */
  char *zSql;
  int nErr = 0;
  int rc;

  if( argc!=3 ) usage(argv[0]);
  rc = sqlite3_open_v2(argv[1], &db, SQLITE_OPEN_READONLY, 0);
  if( rc ){
    printf("Cannot open \"%s\" for reading: %s\n", argv[1], sqlite3_errmsg(db));
    goto errorOut;
  }
  rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(db, "SELECT * FROM sqlite_master", -1, &pStmt, 0);
  if( rc ){
    printf("Cannot read the schema from \"%s\" - %s\n", argv[1],
           sqlite3_errmsg(db));
    goto errorOut;
  }
  sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
  pStmt = 0;
  rc = sqlite3_exec(db, 
     "CREATE TABLE temp.idxu(\n"
     "  tbl TEXT,\n"
     "  idx TEXT,\n"
     "  cnt INT,\n"
     "  PRIMARY KEY(idx)\n"
     ") WITHOUT ROWID;", 0, 0, 0);
  if( rc ){
    printf("Cannot create the result table - %s\n",
           sqlite3_errmsg(db));
    goto errorOut;
  }
  rc = sqlite3_exec(db,
     "INSERT INTO temp.idxu(tbl,idx,cnt)"
     " SELECT tbl_name, name, 0 FROM sqlite_master"
     " WHERE type='index' AND sql IS NOT NULL", 0, 0, 0);

  /* Open the LOG database */
  zSql = sqlite3_mprintf("ATTACH %Q AS log", argv[2]);
  rc = sqlite3_exec(db, zSql, 0, 0, 0);
  sqlite3_free(zSql);
  if( rc ){
    printf("Cannot open the LOG database \"%s\" - %s\n",
           argv[2], sqlite3_errmsg(db));
    goto errorOut;
  }
  rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(db, "SELECT sql, rowid FROM log.sqllog",
                          -1, &pStmt, 0);
  if( rc ){
    printf("Cannot read the SQLLOG table in the LOG database \"%s\" - %s\n",
           argv[2], sqlite3_errmsg(db));
    goto errorOut;
  }

  /* Update the counts based on LOG */
  while( sqlite3_step(pStmt)==SQLITE_ROW ){
    const char *zLog = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, 0);
    sqlite3_stmt *pS2;
    if( zLog==0 ) continue;
    zSql = sqlite3_mprintf("EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN %s", zLog);
    rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(db, zSql, -1, &pS2, 0);
    sqlite3_free(zSql);
    if( rc ){
      printf("Cannot compile LOG entry %d (%s): %s\n",
             sqlite3_column_int(pStmt, 1), zLog, sqlite3_errmsg(db));
      nErr++;
    }else{
      while( sqlite3_step(pS2)==SQLITE_ROW ){
        const char *zExplain = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pS2,3);
        const char *z1, *z2;
        int n;
        /* printf("EXPLAIN: %s\n", zExplain); */
        z1 = strstr(zExplain, " USING INDEX ");
        if( z1==0 ) continue;
        z1 += 13;
        for(z2=z1+1; z2[1] && z2[1]!='('; z2++){}
        n = z2 - z1;
        zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(
          "UPDATE temp.idxu SET cnt=cnt+1 WHERE idx='%.*q'", n, z1
        );
        /* printf("sql: %s\n", zSql); */
        sqlite3_exec(db, zSql, 0, 0, 0);
        sqlite3_free(zSql);
      }
    }
    sqlite3_finalize(pS2);
  }
  sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);

  /* Generate the report */
  rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(db,
     "SELECT tbl, idx, cnt, "
     "   (SELECT group_concat(name,',') FROM pragma_index_info(idx))"
     " FROM temp.idxu, main.sqlite_master"
     " WHERE temp.idxu.tbl=main.sqlite_master.tbl_name"
     "   AND temp.idxu.idx=main.sqlite_master.name"
     " ORDER BY cnt DESC, tbl, idx",
     -1, &pStmt, 0);
  if( rc ){
    printf("Cannot query the result table - %s\n",
           sqlite3_errmsg(db));
    goto errorOut;
  }
  while( sqlite3_step(pStmt)==SQLITE_ROW ){
    printf("%10d %s on %s(%s)\n", 
       sqlite3_column_int(pStmt, 2),
       sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, 1),
       sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, 0),
       sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, 3));
  }
  sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
  pStmt = 0;

errorOut:
  sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
  sqlite3_close(db);
  return nErr;
}