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SQLite training in Houston TX on 2019-11-05 (details)
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Overview
Comment:The C-api reference documentation is now generated directly from comments in the sqlite3.h header file. (CVS 4062)
Downloads: Tarball | ZIP archive | SQL archive
Timelines: family | ancestors | descendants | both | trunk
Files: files | file ages | folders
SHA1: d93c41e9a97882bf90217d60744d62dece6d10d3
User & Date: drh 2007-06-14 20:57:19
Context
2007-06-15
12:06
Update the btree file format description in btreeInt.h. (CVS 4063) check-in: 1ac160d3 user: drh tags: trunk
2007-06-14
20:57
The C-api reference documentation is now generated directly from comments in the sqlite3.h header file. (CVS 4062) check-in: d93c41e9 user: drh tags: trunk
2007-06-13
16:49
Have queries interrupted by the progress-handler return SQLITE_INTERRUPT. Rollback any active transaction if a DML statement returns SQLITE_INTERRUPT. (CVS 4061) check-in: 33454b56 user: danielk1977 tags: trunk
Changes
Hide Diffs Unified Diffs Ignore Whitespace Patch

Changes to Makefile.in.

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c_interface.html:	$(TOP)/www/c_interface.tcl
	tclsh $(TOP)/www/c_interface.tcl >c_interface.html

capi3.html:	$(TOP)/www/capi3.tcl
	tclsh $(TOP)/www/capi3.tcl >capi3.html

capi3ref.html:	$(TOP)/www/capi3ref.tcl
	tclsh $(TOP)/www/capi3ref.tcl >capi3ref.html

changes.html:	$(TOP)/www/changes.tcl
	tclsh $(TOP)/www/changes.tcl >changes.html

compile.html:	$(TOP)/www/compile.tcl
	tclsh $(TOP)/www/compile.tcl >compile.html








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c_interface.html:	$(TOP)/www/c_interface.tcl
	tclsh $(TOP)/www/c_interface.tcl >c_interface.html

capi3.html:	$(TOP)/www/capi3.tcl
	tclsh $(TOP)/www/capi3.tcl >capi3.html

capi3ref.html:	$(TOP)/www/mkapidoc.tcl sqlite3.h
	tclsh $(TOP)/www/mkapidoc.tcl <sqlite3.h >capi3ref.html

changes.html:	$(TOP)/www/changes.tcl
	tclsh $(TOP)/www/changes.tcl >changes.html

compile.html:	$(TOP)/www/compile.tcl
	tclsh $(TOP)/www/compile.tcl >compile.html

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c_interface.html:	$(TOP)/www/c_interface.tcl
	tclsh $(TOP)/www/c_interface.tcl >c_interface.html

capi3.html:	$(TOP)/www/capi3.tcl
	tclsh $(TOP)/www/capi3.tcl >capi3.html

capi3ref.html:	$(TOP)/www/capi3ref.tcl
	tclsh $(TOP)/www/capi3ref.tcl >capi3ref.html

changes.html:	$(TOP)/www/changes.tcl
	tclsh $(TOP)/www/changes.tcl >changes.html

compile.html:	$(TOP)/www/compile.tcl
	tclsh $(TOP)/www/compile.tcl >compile.html








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c_interface.html:	$(TOP)/www/c_interface.tcl
	tclsh $(TOP)/www/c_interface.tcl >c_interface.html

capi3.html:	$(TOP)/www/capi3.tcl
	tclsh $(TOP)/www/capi3.tcl >capi3.html

capi3ref.html:	$(TOP)/www/mkapidoc.tcl sqlite3.h
	tclsh $(TOP)/www/mkapidoc.tcl <sqlite3.h >capi3ref.html

changes.html:	$(TOP)/www/changes.tcl
	tclsh $(TOP)/www/changes.tcl >changes.html

compile.html:	$(TOP)/www/compile.tcl
	tclsh $(TOP)/www/compile.tcl >compile.html

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**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This header file defines the interface that the SQLite library
** presents to client programs.



**















** @(#) $Id: sqlite.h.in,v 1.211 2007/06/13 15:22:28 danielk1977 Exp $
*/
#ifndef _SQLITE3_H_
#define _SQLITE3_H_
#include <stdarg.h>     /* Needed for the definition of va_list */

/*
** Make sure we can call this stuff from C++.
*/
#ifdef __cplusplus
extern "C" {
#endif

/*
** The version of the SQLite library.

*/
#ifdef SQLITE_VERSION
# undef SQLITE_VERSION
#endif
#define SQLITE_VERSION         "--VERS--"



/*






** The format of the version string is "X.Y.Z<trailing string>", where
** X is the major version number, Y is the minor version number and Z
** is the release number. The trailing string is often "alpha" or "beta".

** For example "3.1.1beta".







**
** The SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER is an integer with the value 
** (X*1000000 + Y*1000 + Z). For example, for version "3.1.1beta", 
** SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER is set to 3001001. To detect if they are using 
** version 3.1.1 or greater at compile time, programs may use the test 
** (SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER>=3001001).
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER
# undef SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER
#endif
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER --VERSION-NUMBER--

/*
** The version string is also compiled into the library so that a program
** can check to make sure that the lib*.a file and the *.h file are from








** the same version.  The sqlite3_libversion() function returns a pointer
** to the sqlite3_version variable - useful in DLLs which cannot access
** global variables.



*/
extern const char sqlite3_version[];
const char *sqlite3_libversion(void);

/*
** Return the value of the SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER macro when the
** library was compiled.
*/
int sqlite3_libversion_number(void);

/*


** Each open sqlite database is represented by an instance of the
** following opaque structure.






*/
typedef struct sqlite3 sqlite3;


/*


** Some compilers do not support the "long long" datatype.  So we have
** to do a typedef that for 64-bit integers that depends on what compiler
** is being used.




*/
#ifdef SQLITE_INT64_TYPE
  typedef SQLITE_INT64_TYPE sqlite_int64;
  typedef unsigned SQLITE_INT64_TYPE sqlite_uint64;
#elif defined(_MSC_VER) || defined(__BORLANDC__)
  typedef __int64 sqlite_int64;
  typedef unsigned __int64 sqlite_uint64;
................................................................................
** substitute integer for floating-point
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
# define double sqlite_int64
#endif

/*
** A function to close the database.
**
** Call this function with a pointer to a structure that was previously
** returned from sqlite3_open() and the corresponding database will by closed.

**
** All SQL statements prepared using sqlite3_prepare() or
** sqlite3_prepare16() must be deallocated using sqlite3_finalize() before

** this routine is called. Otherwise, SQLITE_BUSY is returned and the
** database connection remains open.
*/
int sqlite3_close(sqlite3 *);

/*
** The type for a callback function.


*/
typedef int (*sqlite3_callback)(void*,int,char**, char**);

/*
** A function to executes one or more statements of SQL.






**
** If one or more of the SQL statements are queries, then
** the callback function specified by the 3rd parameter is
** invoked once for each row of the query result.  This callback
** should normally return 0.  If the callback returns a non-zero
** value then the query is aborted, all subsequent SQL statements
** are skipped and the sqlite3_exec() function returns the SQLITE_ABORT.
**
** The 1st parameter is an arbitrary pointer that is passed
** to the callback function as its first parameter.
**
** The 2nd parameter to the callback function is the number of
** columns in the query result.  The 3rd parameter to the callback
** is an array of strings holding the values for each column.

** The 4th parameter to the callback is an array of strings holding

** the names of each column.
**
** The callback function may be NULL, even for queries.  A NULL
** callback is not an error.  It just means that no callback
** will be invoked.
**
** If an error occurs while parsing or evaluating the SQL (but
** not while executing the callback) then an appropriate error
** message is written into memory obtained from malloc() and
** *errmsg is made to point to that message.  The calling function
** is responsible for freeing the memory that holds the error
** message.   Use sqlite3_free() for this.  If errmsg==NULL,
** then no error message is ever written.
**
** The return value is is SQLITE_OK if there are no errors and
** some other return code if there is an error.  The particular
** return value depends on the type of error. 
**
** If the query could not be executed because a database file is
** locked or busy, then this function returns SQLITE_BUSY.  (This
** behavior can be modified somewhat using the sqlite3_busy_handler()
** and sqlite3_busy_timeout() functions below.)
*/
int sqlite3_exec(
  sqlite3*,                     /* An open database */
  const char *sql,              /* SQL to be executed */
  sqlite3_callback,             /* Callback function */
  void *,                       /* 1st argument to callback function */
  char **errmsg                 /* Error msg written here */
);

/*




** Return values for sqlite3_exec() and sqlite3_step()








*/
#define SQLITE_OK           0   /* Successful result */
/* beginning-of-error-codes */
#define SQLITE_ERROR        1   /* SQL error or missing database */
#define SQLITE_INTERNAL     2   /* NOT USED. Internal logic error in SQLite */
#define SQLITE_PERM         3   /* Access permission denied */
#define SQLITE_ABORT        4   /* Callback routine requested an abort */
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_RANGE       25   /* 2nd parameter to sqlite3_bind out of range */
#define SQLITE_NOTADB      26   /* File opened that is not a database file */
#define SQLITE_ROW         100  /* sqlite3_step() has another row ready */
#define SQLITE_DONE        101  /* sqlite3_step() has finished executing */
/* end-of-error-codes */

/*
** Using the sqlite3_extended_result_codes() API, you can cause
** SQLite to return result codes with additional information in
** their upper bits.  The lower 8 bits will be the same as the
** primary result codes above.  But the upper bits might contain
** more specific error information.
**




** To extract the primary result code from an extended result code,
** simply mask off the lower 8 bits.



**
**        primary = extended & 0xff;




**
** New result error codes may be added from time to time.  Software
** that uses the extended result codes should plan accordingly and be
** sure to always handle new unknown codes gracefully.





**
** The SQLITE_OK result code will never be extended.  It will always
** be exactly zero.
**
** The extended result codes always have the primary result code
** as a prefix.  Primary result codes only contain a single "_"
** character.  Extended result codes contain two or more "_" characters.
*/
#define SQLITE_IOERR_READ          (SQLITE_IOERR | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_SHORT_READ    (SQLITE_IOERR | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_WRITE         (SQLITE_IOERR | (3<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_FSYNC         (SQLITE_IOERR | (4<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_DIR_FSYNC     (SQLITE_IOERR | (5<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_TRUNCATE      (SQLITE_IOERR | (6<<8))
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_IOERR_FSTAT         (SQLITE_IOERR | (7<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_UNLOCK        (SQLITE_IOERR | (8<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_RDLOCK        (SQLITE_IOERR | (9<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_DELETE        (SQLITE_IOERR | (10<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_BLOCKED       (SQLITE_IOERR | (11<<8))

/*



** Enable or disable the extended result codes.









*/
int sqlite3_extended_result_codes(sqlite3*, int onoff);

/*


** Each entry in an SQLite table has a unique integer key.  (The key is
** the value of the INTEGER PRIMARY KEY column if there is such a column,
** otherwise the key is generated automatically.  The unique key is always
** available as the ROWID, OID, or _ROWID_ column.)  The following routine
** returns the integer key of the most recent insert in the database.















*/
sqlite_int64 sqlite3_last_insert_rowid(sqlite3*);

/*


** This function returns the number of database rows that were changed
** (or inserted or deleted) by the most recent SQL statement.  Only
** changes that are directly specified by the INSERT, UPDATE, or
** DELETE statement are counted.  Auxiliary changes caused by



** triggers are not counted.   Within the body of a trigger, however,
** the sqlite3_changes() API can be called to find the number of
** changes in the most recently completed INSERT, UPDATE, or DELETE
** statement within the body of the trigger.
**
** All changes are counted, even if they were later undone by a
** ROLLBACK or ABORT.  Except, changes associated with creating and
** dropping tables are not counted.
**
** If a callback invokes sqlite3_exec() or sqlite3_step() recursively,
** then the changes in the inner, recursive call are counted together
** with the changes in the outer call.
**
** SQLite implements the command "DELETE FROM table" without a WHERE clause
** by dropping and recreating the table.  (This is much faster than going
** through and deleting individual elements form the table.)  Because of
** this optimization, the change count for "DELETE FROM table" will be
................................................................................
** zero regardless of the number of elements that were originally in the
** table. To get an accurate count of the number of rows deleted, use
** "DELETE FROM table WHERE 1" instead.
*/
int sqlite3_changes(sqlite3*);

/*


** This function returns the number of database rows that have been
** modified by INSERT, UPDATE or DELETE statements since the database handle
** was opened. This includes UPDATE, INSERT and DELETE statements executed
** as part of trigger programs. All changes are counted as soon as the
** statement that makes them is completed (when the statement handle is
** passed to sqlite3_reset() or sqlite_finalise()).


**
** SQLite implements the command "DELETE FROM table" without a WHERE clause
** by dropping and recreating the table.  (This is much faster than going
** through and deleting individual elements form the table.)  Because of
** this optimization, the change count for "DELETE FROM table" will be
** zero regardless of the number of elements that were originally in the
** table. To get an accurate count of the number of rows deleted, use
** "DELETE FROM table WHERE 1" instead.
*/
int sqlite3_total_changes(sqlite3*);




/* This function causes any pending database operation to abort and
** return at its earliest opportunity.  This routine is typically
** called in response to a user action such as pressing "Cancel"
** or Ctrl-C where the user wants a long query operation to halt
** immediately.
**
** It is safe to call this routine from a different thread that the
** thread that is currently running the database operation. 





*/
void sqlite3_interrupt(sqlite3*);





/* These functions return true if the given input string comprises
** one or more complete SQL statements. For the sqlite3_complete() call,
** the parameter must be a nul-terminated UTF-8 string. For
** sqlite3_complete16(), a nul-terminated machine byte order UTF-16 string
** is required.
**
** This routine is useful for command-line input to see of the user has
** entered a complete statement of SQL or if the current statement needs

** to be continued on the next line.  The algorithm is simple.  If the 
** last token other than spaces and comments is a semicolon, then return 
** true.  Actually, the algorithm is a little more complicated than that
** in order to deal with triggers, but the basic idea is the same:  the
** statement is not complete unless it ends in a semicolon.
*/
int sqlite3_complete(const char *sql);
int sqlite3_complete16(const void *sql);

/*


** This routine identifies a callback function that is invoked
** whenever an attempt is made to open a database table that is
** currently locked by another process or thread.  If the busy callback
** is NULL, then sqlite3_exec() returns SQLITE_BUSY immediately if




** it finds a locked table.  If the busy callback is not NULL, then
** sqlite3_exec() invokes the callback with two arguments.  The
** first argument to the handler is a copy of the void* pointer which
** is the third argument to this routine.  The second argument to
** the handler is the number of times that the busy handler has
** been invoked for this locking event.  If the
** busy callback returns 0, then sqlite3_exec() immediately returns

** SQLITE_BUSY.  If the callback returns non-zero, then sqlite3_exec()
** tries to open the table again and the cycle repeats.

**
** The presence of a busy handler does not guarantee that
** it will be invoked when there is lock contention.
** If SQLite determines that invoking the busy handler could result in
** a deadlock, it will return SQLITE_BUSY instead.
** Consider a scenario where one process is holding a read lock that
** it is trying to promote to a reserved lock and
** a second process is holding a reserved lock that it is trying
** to promote to an exclusive lock.  The first process cannot proceed
** because it is blocked by the second and the second process cannot
** proceed because it is blocked by the first.  If both processes
** invoke the busy handlers, neither will make any progress.  Therefore,
** SQLite returns SQLITE_BUSY for the first process, hoping that this
** will induce the first process to release its read lock and allow
** the second process to proceed.
**
** The default busy callback is NULL.
**















** Sqlite is re-entrant, so the busy handler may start a new query. 
** (It is not clear why anyone would ever want to do this, but it
** is allowed, in theory.)  But the busy handler may not close the
** database.  Closing the database from a busy handler will delete 
** data structures out from under the executing query and will 
** probably result in a coredump.





*/
int sqlite3_busy_handler(sqlite3*, int(*)(void*,int), void*);

/*


** This routine sets a busy handler that sleeps for a while when a
** table is locked.  The handler will sleep multiple times until 
** at least "ms" milleseconds of sleeping have been done.  After
** "ms" milleseconds of sleeping, the handler returns 0 which
** causes sqlite3_exec() to return SQLITE_BUSY.

**
** Calling this routine with an argument less than or equal to zero
** turns off all busy handlers.





*/
int sqlite3_busy_timeout(sqlite3*, int ms);

/*
** This next routine is really just a wrapper around sqlite3_exec().


** Instead of invoking a user-supplied callback for each row of the
** result, this routine remembers each row of the result in memory
** obtained from malloc(), then returns all of the result after the
** query has finished. 
**
** As an example, suppose the query result where this table:
**

**        Name        | Age
**        -----------------------
**        Alice       | 43
**        Bob         | 28
**        Cindy       | 21

**
** If the 3rd argument were &azResult then after the function returns
** azResult will contain the following data:
**

**        azResult[0] = "Name";
**        azResult[1] = "Age";
**        azResult[2] = "Alice";
**        azResult[3] = "43";
**        azResult[4] = "Bob";
**        azResult[5] = "28";
**        azResult[6] = "Cindy";
**        azResult[7] = "21";

**
** Notice that there is an extra row of data containing the column
** headers.  But the *nrow return value is still 3.  *ncolumn is
** set to 2.  In general, the number of values inserted into azResult
** will be ((*nrow) + 1)*(*ncolumn).
**
** After the calling function has finished using the result, it should 
** pass the result data pointer to sqlite3_free_table() in order to 
** release the memory that was malloc-ed.  Because of the way the 
** malloc() happens, the calling function must not try to call 
** free() directly.  Only sqlite3_free_table() is able to release 
** the memory properly and safely.
**
** The return value of this routine is the same as from sqlite3_exec().
*/
int sqlite3_get_table(
  sqlite3*,               /* An open database */
  const char *sql,       /* SQL to be executed */
  char ***resultp,       /* Result written to a char *[]  that this points to */
  int *nrow,             /* Number of result rows written here */
  int *ncolumn,          /* Number of result columns written here */
  char **errmsg          /* Error msg written here */
);

/*
** Call this routine to free the memory that sqlite3_get_table() allocated.
*/
void sqlite3_free_table(char **result);

/*
** The following routines are variants of the "sprintf()" from the



** standard C library.  The resulting string is written into memory
** obtained from malloc() so that there is never a possiblity of buffer
** overflow.  These routines also implement some additional formatting
** options that are useful for constructing SQL statements.
**


** The strings returned by these routines should be freed by calling



** sqlite3_free().












**








** All of the usual printf formatting options apply.  In addition, there


** is a "%q" option.  %q works like %s in that it substitutes a null-terminated
** string from the argument list.  But %q also doubles every '\'' character.
** %q is designed for use inside a string literal.  By doubling each '\''
** character it escapes that character and allows it to be inserted into
** the string.
**
** For example, so some string variable contains text as follows:
**

**      char *zText = "It's a happy day!";

**
** We can use this text in an SQL statement as follows:
**

**      char *z = sqlite3_mprintf("INSERT INTO TABLES('%q')", zText);
**      sqlite3_exec(db, z, callback1, 0, 0);
**      sqlite3_free(z);

**
** Because the %q format string is used, the '\'' character in zText
** is escaped and the SQL generated is as follows:
**

**      INSERT INTO table1 VALUES('It''s a happy day!')

**
** This is correct.  Had we used %s instead of %q, the generated SQL
** would have looked like this:
**

**      INSERT INTO table1 VALUES('It's a happy day!');

**
** This second example is an SQL syntax error.  As a general rule you
** should always use %q instead of %s when inserting text into a string 
** literal.














*/
char *sqlite3_mprintf(const char*,...);
char *sqlite3_vmprintf(const char*, va_list);
char *sqlite3_snprintf(int,char*,const char*, ...);

/*


** SQLite uses its own memory allocator.  On many installations, this
** memory allocator is identical to the standard malloc()/realloc()/free()
** and can be used interchangable.  On others, the implementations are
** different.  For maximum portability, it is best not to mix calls
** to the standard malloc/realloc/free with the sqlite versions.
*/
void *sqlite3_malloc(int);
void *sqlite3_realloc(void*, int);
void sqlite3_free(void*);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
/*


** This routine registers a callback with the SQLite library.  The
** callback is invoked (at compile-time, not at run-time) for each
** attempt to access a column of a table in the database.  The callback
** returns SQLITE_OK if access is allowed, SQLITE_DENY if the entire







** SQL statement should be aborted with an error and SQLITE_IGNORE
** if the column should be treated as a NULL value.






































*/
int sqlite3_set_authorizer(
  sqlite3*,
  int (*xAuth)(void*,int,const char*,const char*,const char*,const char*),
  void *pUserData
);
#endif

/*
** The second parameter to the access authorization function above will




















** be one of the values below.  These values signify what kind of operation
** is to be authorized.  The 3rd and 4th parameters to the authorization
** function will be parameters or NULL depending on which of the following
** codes is used as the second parameter.  The 5th parameter is the name

** of the database ("main", "temp", etc.) if applicable.  The 6th parameter
** is the name of the inner-most trigger or view that is responsible for
** the access attempt or NULL if this access attempt is directly from 
** input SQL code.
**
**                                          Arg-3           Arg-4
*/
#define SQLITE_COPY                  0   /* Table Name      File Name       */

#define SQLITE_CREATE_INDEX          1   /* Index Name      Table Name      */
#define SQLITE_CREATE_TABLE          2   /* Table Name      NULL            */
#define SQLITE_CREATE_TEMP_INDEX     3   /* Index Name      Table Name      */
#define SQLITE_CREATE_TEMP_TABLE     4   /* Table Name      NULL            */
#define SQLITE_CREATE_TEMP_TRIGGER   5   /* Trigger Name    Table Name      */
#define SQLITE_CREATE_TEMP_VIEW      6   /* View Name       NULL            */
#define SQLITE_CREATE_TRIGGER        7   /* Trigger Name    Table Name      */
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_DETACH               25   /* Database Name   NULL            */
#define SQLITE_ALTER_TABLE          26   /* Database Name   Table Name      */
#define SQLITE_REINDEX              27   /* Index Name      NULL            */
#define SQLITE_ANALYZE              28   /* Table Name      NULL            */
#define SQLITE_CREATE_VTABLE        29   /* Table Name      Module Name     */
#define SQLITE_DROP_VTABLE          30   /* Table Name      Module Name     */
#define SQLITE_FUNCTION             31   /* Function Name   NULL            */


/*
** The return value of the authorization function should be one of the
** following constants:
*/
/* #define SQLITE_OK  0   // Allow access (This is actually defined above) */
#define SQLITE_DENY   1   /* Abort the SQL statement with an error */
#define SQLITE_IGNORE 2   /* Don't allow access, but don't generate an error */

/*
** Register a function for tracing SQL command evaluation.  The function
** registered by sqlite3_trace() is invoked at the first sqlite3_step()
** for the evaluation of an SQL statement.  The function registered by
** sqlite3_profile() runs at the end of each SQL statement and includes


** information on how long that statement ran.
**
** The sqlite3_profile() API is currently considered experimental and
** is subject to change.
*/
void *sqlite3_trace(sqlite3*, void(*xTrace)(void*,const char*), void*);
void *sqlite3_profile(sqlite3*,
   void(*xProfile)(void*,const char*,sqlite_uint64), void*);

/*


** This routine configures a callback function - the progress callback - that
** is invoked periodically during long running calls to sqlite3_exec(),
** sqlite3_step() and sqlite3_get_table(). An example use for this API is to 

** keep a GUI updated during a large query.
**
** The progress callback is invoked once for every N virtual machine opcodes,
** where N is the second argument to this function. The progress callback
** itself is identified by the third argument to this function. The fourth
** argument to this function is a void pointer passed to the progress callback
** function each time it is invoked.
**
** If a call to sqlite3_exec(), sqlite3_step() or sqlite3_get_table() results 
** in less than N opcodes being executed, then the progress callback is not
** invoked.
** 



** To remove the progress callback altogether, pass NULL as the third
** argument to this function.
**
** If the progress callback returns a result other than 0, then the current 
** query is immediately terminated and any database changes rolled back. If the
** query was part of a larger transaction, then the transaction is not rolled
** back and remains active. The sqlite3_exec() call returns SQLITE_ABORT. 
**
******* THIS IS AN EXPERIMENTAL API AND IS SUBJECT TO CHANGE ******
*/
void sqlite3_progress_handler(sqlite3*, int, int(*)(void*), void*);

/*
** Register a callback function to be invoked whenever a new transaction
** is committed.  The pArg argument is passed through to the callback.
** callback.  If the callback function returns non-zero, then the commit
** is converted into a rollback.
**
** If another function was previously registered, its pArg value is returned.
** Otherwise NULL is returned.
**
** Registering a NULL function disables the callback.
**
******* THIS IS AN EXPERIMENTAL API AND IS SUBJECT TO CHANGE ******
*/
void *sqlite3_commit_hook(sqlite3*, int(*)(void*), void*);

/*
** Open the sqlite database file "filename".  The "filename" is UTF-8
** encoded for sqlite3_open() and UTF-16 encoded in the native byte order
** for sqlite3_open16().  An sqlite3* handle is returned in *ppDb, even
** if an error occurs. If the database is opened (or created) successfully,
** then SQLITE_OK is returned. Otherwise an error code is returned. The
** sqlite3_errmsg() or sqlite3_errmsg16()  routines can be used to obtain
** an English language description of the error.
**
** If the database file does not exist, then a new database is created.
** The encoding for the database is UTF-8 if sqlite3_open() is called and
** UTF-16 if sqlite3_open16 is used.
**
** Whether or not an error occurs when it is opened, resources associated
** with the sqlite3* handle should be released by passing it to
** sqlite3_close() when it is no longer required.





*/
int sqlite3_open(
  const char *filename,   /* Database filename (UTF-8) */
  sqlite3 **ppDb          /* OUT: SQLite db handle */
);
int sqlite3_open16(
  const void *filename,   /* Database filename (UTF-16) */
  sqlite3 **ppDb          /* OUT: SQLite db handle */
);

/*




** Return the error code for the most recent sqlite3_* API call associated
** with sqlite3 handle 'db'. SQLITE_OK is returned if the most recent 
** API call was successful.



**






** Calls to many sqlite3_* functions set the error code and string returned
** by sqlite3_errcode(), sqlite3_errmsg() and sqlite3_errmsg16()

** (overwriting the previous values). Note that calls to sqlite3_errcode(),
** sqlite3_errmsg() and sqlite3_errmsg16() themselves do not affect the
** results of future invocations.


**
** Assuming no other intervening sqlite3_* API calls are made, the error
** code returned by this function is associated with the same error as
** the strings  returned by sqlite3_errmsg() and sqlite3_errmsg16().
*/
int sqlite3_errcode(sqlite3 *db);

/*
** Return a pointer to a UTF-8 encoded string describing in english the
** error condition for the most recent sqlite3_* API call. The returned
** string is always terminated by an 0x00 byte.
**
** The string "not an error" is returned when the most recent API call was
** successful.
*/
const char *sqlite3_errmsg(sqlite3*);

/*
** Return a pointer to a UTF-16 native byte order encoded string describing
** in english the error condition for the most recent sqlite3_* API call.
** The returned string is always terminated by a pair of 0x00 bytes.
**
** The string "not an error" is returned when the most recent API call was
** successful.
*/
const void *sqlite3_errmsg16(sqlite3*);

/*
** An instance of the following opaque structure is used to represent
** a compiled SQL statment.

*/
typedef struct sqlite3_stmt sqlite3_stmt;

/*


** To execute an SQL query, it must first be compiled into a byte-code
** program using one of the following routines. The only difference between
** them is that the second argument, specifying the SQL statement to
** compile, is assumed to be encoded in UTF-8 for the sqlite3_prepare()
** function and UTF-16 for sqlite3_prepare16().
**

** The first parameter "db" is an SQLite database handle. The second
** parameter "zSql" is the statement to be compiled, encoded as either
** UTF-8 or UTF-16 (see above). If the next parameter, "nBytes", is less


** than zero, then zSql is read up to the first nul terminator.  If
** "nBytes" is not less than zero, then it is the length of the string zSql
** in bytes (not characters).
**
** *pzTail is made to point to the first byte past the end of the first
** SQL statement in zSql.  This routine only compiles the first statement
** in zSql, so *pzTail is left pointing to what remains uncompiled.
**
** *ppStmt is left pointing to a compiled SQL statement that can be

** executed using sqlite3_step().  Or if there is an error, *ppStmt may be
** set to NULL.  If the input text contained no SQL (if the input is and
** empty string or a comment) then *ppStmt is set to NULL.


**
** On success, SQLITE_OK is returned.  Otherwise an error code is returned.


































*/
int sqlite3_prepare(







  sqlite3 *db,            /* Database handle */
  const char *zSql,       /* SQL statement, UTF-8 encoded */
  int nBytes,             /* Length of zSql in bytes. */
  sqlite3_stmt **ppStmt,  /* OUT: Statement handle */
  const char **pzTail     /* OUT: Pointer to unused portion of zSql */
);
int sqlite3_prepare16(
  sqlite3 *db,            /* Database handle */
  const void *zSql,       /* SQL statement, UTF-16 encoded */
  int nBytes,             /* Length of zSql in bytes. */
  sqlite3_stmt **ppStmt,  /* OUT: Statement handle */
  const void **pzTail     /* OUT: Pointer to unused portion of zSql */
);

/*
** Newer versions of the prepare API work just like the legacy versions
** but with one exception:  The a copy of the SQL text is saved in the
** sqlite3_stmt structure that is returned.  If this copy exists, it
** modifieds the behavior of sqlite3_step() slightly.  First, sqlite3_step()
** will no longer return an SQLITE_SCHEMA error but will instead automatically
** rerun the compiler to rebuild the prepared statement.  Secondly, 
** sqlite3_step() now turns a full result code - the result code that
** use used to have to call sqlite3_reset() to get.
*/
int sqlite3_prepare_v2(
  sqlite3 *db,            /* Database handle */
  const char *zSql,       /* SQL statement, UTF-8 encoded */
  int nBytes,             /* Length of zSql in bytes. */
  sqlite3_stmt **ppStmt,  /* OUT: Statement handle */
  const char **pzTail     /* OUT: Pointer to unused portion of zSql */
);
int sqlite3_prepare16_v2(
  sqlite3 *db,            /* Database handle */
  const void *zSql,       /* SQL statement, UTF-16 encoded */
  int nBytes,             /* Length of zSql in bytes. */
  sqlite3_stmt **ppStmt,  /* OUT: Statement handle */
  const void **pzTail     /* OUT: Pointer to unused portion of zSql */
);

/*
** Pointers to the following two opaque structures are used to communicate
** with the implementations of user-defined functions.




*/
typedef struct sqlite3_context sqlite3_context;
typedef struct Mem sqlite3_value;

/*











** In the SQL strings input to sqlite3_prepare() and sqlite3_prepare16(),
** one or more literals can be replace by parameters "?" or "?NNN" or 
** ":AAA" or "@AAA" or "$VVV" where NNN is a integer, AAA is an identifer,











** and VVV is a variable name according  to the syntax rules of the

** TCL programming language.  The value of these parameters (also called
** "host parameter names") can be set using the routines listed below.

**
** In every case, the first argument is a pointer to the sqlite3_stmt
** structure returned from sqlite3_prepare().  The second argument is the
** index of the host parameter name.  The first host parameter as an index 
** of 1.  For named host parameters (":AAA" or "$VVV") you can use 
** sqlite3_bind_parameter_index() to get the correct index value given
** the parameter name.  If the same named parameter occurs more than
** once, it is assigned the same index each time.













**










** The fifth argument to sqlite3_bind_blob(), sqlite3_bind_text(), and
** sqlite3_bind_text16() is a destructor used to dispose of the BLOB or
** text after SQLite has finished with it.  If the fifth argument is the
** special value SQLITE_STATIC, then the library assumes that the information
** is in static, unmanaged space and does not need to be freed.  If the
** fifth argument has the value SQLITE_TRANSIENT, then SQLite makes its
** own private copy of the data before the sqlite3_bind_* routine returns.

**
** The sqlite3_bind_* routine must be called before sqlite3_step() and after
** an sqlite3_prepare() or sqlite3_reset().  Bindings persist across
** multiple calls to sqlite3_reset() and sqlite3_step().  Unbound parameters 











** are interpreted as NULL.






*/
int sqlite3_bind_blob(sqlite3_stmt*, int, const void*, int n, void(*)(void*));
int sqlite3_bind_double(sqlite3_stmt*, int, double);
int sqlite3_bind_int(sqlite3_stmt*, int, int);
int sqlite3_bind_int64(sqlite3_stmt*, int, sqlite_int64);
int sqlite3_bind_null(sqlite3_stmt*, int);
int sqlite3_bind_text(sqlite3_stmt*, int, const char*, int n, void(*)(void*));
int sqlite3_bind_text16(sqlite3_stmt*, int, const void*, int, void(*)(void*));
int sqlite3_bind_value(sqlite3_stmt*, int, const sqlite3_value*);
int sqlite3_bind_zeroblob(sqlite3_stmt*, int, int n);

/*
** Return the number of host parameters in a compiled SQL statement.  This
** routine was added to support DBD::SQLite.










*/
int sqlite3_bind_parameter_count(sqlite3_stmt*);

/*
** Return the name of the i-th name parameter.  Ordinary parameters "?" are
** nameless and a NULL is returned.  For parameters of the form :AAA or
** $VVV the complete text of the parameter name is returned, including






** the initial ":" or "$".  NULL is returned if the index is out of range.









*/
const char *sqlite3_bind_parameter_name(sqlite3_stmt*, int);

/*


** Return the index of a parameter with the given name.  The name
** must match exactly.  If no parameter with the given name is found,
** return 0.

*/
int sqlite3_bind_parameter_index(sqlite3_stmt*, const char *zName);

/*
** Set all the parameters in the compiled SQL statement to NULL.





*/
int sqlite3_clear_bindings(sqlite3_stmt*);

/*


** Return the number of columns in the result set returned by the compiled

** SQL statement. This routine returns 0 if pStmt is an SQL statement
** that does not return data (for example an UPDATE).
*/
int sqlite3_column_count(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);

/*
** The first parameter is a compiled SQL statement. This function returns
** the column heading for the Nth column of that statement, where N is the
** second function parameter.  The string returned is UTF-8 for
** sqlite3_column_name() and UTF-16 for sqlite3_column_name16().










*/
const char *sqlite3_column_name(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
const void *sqlite3_column_name16(sqlite3_stmt*,int);

/*










** The first argument to the following calls is a compiled SQL statement.

** These functions return information about the Nth column returned by 
** the statement, where N is the second function argument.
**
** If the Nth column returned by the statement is not a column value,

** then all of the functions return NULL. Otherwise, the return the 
** name of the attached database, table and column that the expression
** extracts a value from.

**
** As with all other SQLite APIs, those postfixed with "16" return UTF-16
** encoded strings, the other functions return UTF-8. The memory containing
** the returned strings is valid until the statement handle is finalized().
**
** These APIs are only available if the library was compiled with the 
** SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA preprocessor symbol defined.
*/
const char *sqlite3_column_database_name(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
const void *sqlite3_column_database_name16(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
const char *sqlite3_column_table_name(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
const void *sqlite3_column_table_name16(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
const char *sqlite3_column_origin_name(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
const void *sqlite3_column_origin_name16(sqlite3_stmt*,int);

/*


** The first parameter is a compiled SQL statement. If this statement
** is a SELECT statement, the Nth column of the returned result set 


** of the SELECT is a table column then the declared type of the table
** column is returned. If the Nth column of the result set is not at table
** column, then a NULL pointer is returned. The returned string is always

** UTF-8 encoded. For example, in the database schema:
**
** CREATE TABLE t1(c1 VARIANT);
**
** And the following statement compiled:
**
** SELECT c1 + 1, c1 FROM t1;
**
** Then this routine would return the string "VARIANT" for the second
** result column (i==1), and a NULL pointer for the first result column
** (i==0).
*/
const char *sqlite3_column_decltype(sqlite3_stmt *, int i);

/*
** The first parameter is a compiled SQL statement. If this statement
** is a SELECT statement, the Nth column of the returned result set 
** of the SELECT is a table column then the declared type of the table
** column is returned. If the Nth column of the result set is not at table
** column, then a NULL pointer is returned. The returned string is always
** UTF-16 encoded. For example, in the database schema:
**
** CREATE TABLE t1(c1 INTEGER);
**
** And the following statement compiled:
**
** SELECT c1 + 1, c1 FROM t1;
**
** Then this routine would return the string "INTEGER" for the second
** result column (i==1), and a NULL pointer for the first result column
** (i==0).






*/

const void *sqlite3_column_decltype16(sqlite3_stmt*,int);

/* 
** After an SQL query has been compiled with a call to either
** sqlite3_prepare() or sqlite3_prepare16(), then this function must be



** called one or more times to execute the statement.

**







** The return value will be either SQLITE_BUSY, SQLITE_DONE, 
** SQLITE_ROW, SQLITE_ERROR, or SQLITE_MISUSE.




**
** SQLITE_BUSY means that the database engine attempted to open
** a locked database and there is no busy callback registered.
** Call sqlite3_step() again to retry the open.





**
** SQLITE_DONE means that the statement has finished executing
** successfully.  sqlite3_step() should not be called again on this virtual

** machine.
**
** If the SQL statement being executed returns any data, then 
** SQLITE_ROW is returned each time a new row of data is ready
** for processing by the caller. The values may be accessed using
** the sqlite3_column_*() functions described below. sqlite3_step()

** is called again to retrieve the next row of data.
** 
** SQLITE_ERROR means that a run-time error (such as a constraint
** violation) has occurred.  sqlite3_step() should not be called again on
** the VM. More information may be found by calling sqlite3_errmsg().





**
** SQLITE_MISUSE means that the this routine was called inappropriately.
** Perhaps it was called on a virtual machine that had already been
** finalized or on one that had previously returned SQLITE_ERROR or
** SQLITE_DONE.  Or it could be the case the the same database connection
** is being used simulataneously by two or more threads.


















*/
int sqlite3_step(sqlite3_stmt*);

/*
** Return the number of values in the current row of the result set.
**
** After a call to sqlite3_step() that returns SQLITE_ROW, this routine
** will return the same value as the sqlite3_column_count() function.
** After sqlite3_step() has returned an SQLITE_DONE, SQLITE_BUSY or
** error code, or before sqlite3_step() has been called on a 
** compiled SQL statement, this routine returns zero.



*/
int sqlite3_data_count(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);

/*
** Values are stored in the database in one of the following fundamental
** types.
















*/
#define SQLITE_INTEGER  1
#define SQLITE_FLOAT    2
/* #define SQLITE_TEXT  3  // See below */
#define SQLITE_BLOB     4
#define SQLITE_NULL     5

/*
** SQLite version 2 defines SQLITE_TEXT differently.  To allow both
** version 2 and version 3 to be included, undefine them both if a
** conflict is seen.  Define SQLITE3_TEXT to be the version 3 value.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_TEXT
# undef SQLITE_TEXT
#else
# define SQLITE_TEXT     3
#endif
#define SQLITE3_TEXT     3

/*
** The next group of routines returns information about the information
** in a single column of the current result row of a query.  In every
** case the first parameter is a pointer to the SQL statement that is being
** executed (the sqlite_stmt* that was returned from sqlite3_prepare()) and
** the second argument is the index of the column for which information 
** should be returned.  iCol is zero-indexed.  The left-most column as an
** index of 0.
**
** If the SQL statement is not currently point to a valid row, or if the
** the colulmn index is out of range, the result is undefined.
**
** These routines attempt to convert the value where appropriate.  For
** example, if the internal representation is FLOAT and a text result
** is requested, sprintf() is used internally to do the conversion
** automatically.  The following table details the conversions that
** are applied:
**
**    Internal Type    Requested Type     Conversion
**    -------------    --------------    --------------------------
**       NULL             INTEGER         Result is 0
**       NULL             FLOAT           Result is 0.0
**       NULL             TEXT            Result is an empty string
**       NULL             BLOB            Result is a zero-length BLOB
**       INTEGER          FLOAT           Convert from integer to float
**       INTEGER          TEXT            ASCII rendering of the integer
**       INTEGER          BLOB            Same as for INTEGER->TEXT
**       FLOAT            INTEGER         Convert from float to integer
**       FLOAT            TEXT            ASCII rendering of the float
**       FLOAT            BLOB            Same as FLOAT->TEXT
**       TEXT             INTEGER         Use atoi()
**       TEXT             FLOAT           Use atof()
**       TEXT             BLOB            No change
**       BLOB             INTEGER         Convert to TEXT then use atoi()
**       BLOB             FLOAT           Convert to TEXT then use atof()
**       BLOB             TEXT            Add a \000 terminator if needed
**
** The following access routines are provided:
**
** _type()     Return the datatype of the result.  This is one of
**             SQLITE_INTEGER, SQLITE_FLOAT, SQLITE_TEXT, SQLITE_BLOB,
**             or SQLITE_NULL.
** _blob()     Return the value of a BLOB.
** _bytes()    Return the number of bytes in a BLOB value or the number
**             of bytes in a TEXT value represented as UTF-8.  The \000
**             terminator is included in the byte count for TEXT values.
** _bytes16()  Return the number of bytes in a BLOB value or the number
**             of bytes in a TEXT value represented as UTF-16.  The \u0000
**             terminator is included in the byte count for TEXT values.
** _double()   Return a FLOAT value.
** _int()      Return an INTEGER value in the host computer's native
**             integer representation.  This might be either a 32- or 64-bit
**             integer depending on the host.
** _int64()    Return an INTEGER value as a 64-bit signed integer.
** _text()     Return the value as UTF-8 text.
** _text16()   Return the value as UTF-16 text.
*/
const void *sqlite3_column_blob(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
int sqlite3_column_bytes(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
int sqlite3_column_bytes16(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
double sqlite3_column_double(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
int sqlite3_column_int(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
sqlite_int64 sqlite3_column_int64(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
const unsigned char *sqlite3_column_text(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
const void *sqlite3_column_text16(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
int sqlite3_column_type(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
int sqlite3_column_numeric_type(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);






























































sqlite3_value *sqlite3_column_value(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);

/*


** The sqlite3_finalize() function is called to delete a compiled
** SQL statement obtained by a previous call to sqlite3_prepare()
** or sqlite3_prepare16(). If the statement was executed successfully, or

** not executed at all, then SQLITE_OK is returned. If execution of the
** statement failed then an error code is returned. 


**
** This routine can be called at any point during the execution of the
** virtual machine.  If the virtual machine has not completed execution
** when this routine is called, that is like encountering an error or

** an interrupt.  (See sqlite3_interrupt().)  Incomplete updates may be
** rolled back and transactions cancelled,  depending on the circumstances,
** and the result code returned will be SQLITE_ABORT.

*/
int sqlite3_finalize(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);

/*


** The sqlite3_reset() function is called to reset a compiled SQL
** statement obtained by a previous call to sqlite3_prepare() or

** sqlite3_prepare16() back to it's initial state, ready to be re-executed.
** Any SQL statement variables that had values bound to them using
** the sqlite3_bind_*() API retain their values.


*/
int sqlite3_reset(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);

/*


** The following two functions are used to add user functions or aggregates
** implemented in C to the SQL langauge interpreted by SQLite. The

** difference only between the two is that the second parameter, the
** name of the (scalar) function or aggregate, is encoded in UTF-8 for
** sqlite3_create_function() and UTF-16 for sqlite3_create_function16().
**
** The first argument is the database handle that the new function or
** aggregate is to be added to. If a single program uses more than one
** database handle internally, then user functions or aggregates must 

** be added individually to each database handle with which they will be
** used.






**
** The third parameter is the number of arguments that the function or
** aggregate takes. If this parameter is negative, then the function or
** aggregate may take any number of arguments.
**
** The fourth parameter is one of SQLITE_UTF* values defined below,
** indicating the encoding that the function is most likely to handle
** values in.  This does not change the behaviour of the programming






** interface. However, if two versions of the same function are registered
** with different encoding values, SQLite invokes the version likely to
** minimize conversions between text encodings.




**




** The seventh, eighth and ninth parameters, xFunc, xStep and xFinal, are
** pointers to user implemented C functions that implement the user
** function or aggregate. A scalar function requires an implementation of
** the xFunc callback only, NULL pointers should be passed as the xStep
** and xFinal parameters. An aggregate function requires an implementation
** of xStep and xFinal, but NULL should be passed for xFunc. To delete an
** existing user function or aggregate, pass NULL for all three function
** callback. Specifying an inconstent set of callback values, such as an
** xFunc and an xFinal, or an xStep but no xFinal, SQLITE_ERROR is
** returned.







*/
int sqlite3_create_function(
  sqlite3 *,
  const char *zFunctionName,
  int nArg,
  int eTextRep,
  void*,
................................................................................
  void*,
  void (*xFunc)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**),
  void (*xStep)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**),
  void (*xFinal)(sqlite3_context*)
);

/*
** This function is deprecated.  Do not use it.  It continues to exist
** so as not to break legacy code.  But new code should avoid using it.


*/
















int sqlite3_aggregate_count(sqlite3_context*);





/*
** The next group of routines returns information about parameters to
** a user-defined function.  Function implementations use these routines
** to access their parameters.  These routines are the same as the
















** sqlite3_column_* routines except that these routines take a single
** sqlite3_value* pointer instead of an sqlite3_stmt* and an integer
** column number.




















*/
const void *sqlite3_value_blob(sqlite3_value*);
int sqlite3_value_bytes(sqlite3_value*);
int sqlite3_value_bytes16(sqlite3_value*);
double sqlite3_value_double(sqlite3_value*);
int sqlite3_value_int(sqlite3_value*);
sqlite_int64 sqlite3_value_int64(sqlite3_value*);
................................................................................
const void *sqlite3_value_text16(sqlite3_value*);
const void *sqlite3_value_text16le(sqlite3_value*);
const void *sqlite3_value_text16be(sqlite3_value*);
int sqlite3_value_type(sqlite3_value*);
int sqlite3_value_numeric_type(sqlite3_value*);

/*
** Aggregate functions use the following routine to allocate


** a structure for storing their state.  The first time this routine
** is called for a particular aggregate, a new structure of size nBytes
** is allocated, zeroed, and returned.  On subsequent calls (for the
** same aggregate instance) the same buffer is returned.  The implementation
** of the aggregate can use the returned buffer to accumulate data.
**
** The buffer allocated is freed automatically by SQLite.






*/
void *sqlite3_aggregate_context(sqlite3_context*, int nBytes);

/*


** The pUserData parameter to the sqlite3_create_function()

** routine used to register user functions is available to
** the implementation of the function using this call.
*/
void *sqlite3_user_data(sqlite3_context*);

/*


** The following two functions may be used by scalar user functions to
** associate meta-data with argument values. If the same value is passed to
** multiple invocations of the user-function during query execution, under
** some circumstances the associated meta-data may be preserved. This may
** be used, for example, to add a regular-expression matching scalar
** function. The compiled version of the regular expression is stored as
** meta-data associated with the SQL value passed as the regular expression
** pattern.


**
** Calling sqlite3_get_auxdata() returns a pointer to the meta data

** associated with the Nth argument value to the current user function
** call, where N is the second parameter. If no meta-data has been set for
** that value, then a NULL pointer is returned.
**
** The sqlite3_set_auxdata() is used to associate meta data with a user
** function argument. The third parameter is a pointer to the meta data
** to be associated with the Nth user function argument value. The fourth
** parameter specifies a 'delete function' that will be called on the meta
** data pointer to release it when it is no longer required. If the delete
** function pointer is NULL, it is not invoked.
**
** In practice, meta-data is preserved between function calls for
** expressions that are constant at compile time. This includes literal
** values and SQL variables.
*/
void *sqlite3_get_auxdata(sqlite3_context*, int);
void sqlite3_set_auxdata(sqlite3_context*, int, void*, void (*)(void*));


/*


** These are special value for the destructor that is passed in as the
** final argument to routines like sqlite3_result_blob().  If the destructor
** argument is SQLITE_STATIC, it means that the content pointer is constant
** and will never change.  It does not need to be destroyed.  The 
** SQLITE_TRANSIENT value means that the content will likely change in
** the near future and that SQLite should make its own private copy of
** the content before returning.
**
** The typedef is necessary to work around problems in certain
................................................................................
** C++ compilers.  See ticket #2191.
*/
typedef void (*sqlite3_destructor_type)(void*);
#define SQLITE_STATIC      ((sqlite3_destructor_type)0)
#define SQLITE_TRANSIENT   ((sqlite3_destructor_type)-1)

/*
** User-defined functions invoke the following routines in order to
** set their return value.




















*/
void sqlite3_result_blob(sqlite3_context*, const void*, int, void(*)(void*));
void sqlite3_result_double(sqlite3_context*, double);
void sqlite3_result_error(sqlite3_context*, const char*, int);
void sqlite3_result_error16(sqlite3_context*, const void*, int);

void sqlite3_result_int(sqlite3_context*, int);
void sqlite3_result_int64(sqlite3_context*, sqlite_int64);
void sqlite3_result_null(sqlite3_context*);
void sqlite3_result_text(sqlite3_context*, const char*, int, void(*)(void*));
void sqlite3_result_text16(sqlite3_context*, const void*, int, void(*)(void*));
void sqlite3_result_text16le(sqlite3_context*, const void*, int,void(*)(void*));
void sqlite3_result_text16be(sqlite3_context*, const void*, int,void(*)(void*));
void sqlite3_result_value(sqlite3_context*, sqlite3_value*);
void sqlite3_result_zeroblob(sqlite3_context*, int n);
void sqlite3_result_error_toobig(sqlite3_context*);

/*
** These are the allowed values for the eTextRep argument to
** sqlite3_create_collation and sqlite3_create_function.

*/
#define SQLITE_UTF8           1
#define SQLITE_UTF16LE        2
#define SQLITE_UTF16BE        3
#define SQLITE_UTF16          4    /* Use native byte order */
#define SQLITE_ANY            5    /* sqlite3_create_function only */
#define SQLITE_UTF16_ALIGNED  8    /* sqlite3_create_collation only */

/*
** These two functions are used to add new collation sequences to the
** sqlite3 handle specified as the first argument. 
**
** The name of the new collation sequence is specified as a UTF-8 string
** for sqlite3_create_collation() and a UTF-16 string for
** sqlite3_create_collation16(). In both cases the name is passed as the
** second function argument.
**
** The third argument must be one of the constants SQLITE_UTF8,
** SQLITE_UTF16LE or SQLITE_UTF16BE, indicating that the user-supplied
** routine expects to be passed pointers to strings encoded using UTF-8,
** UTF-16 little-endian or UTF-16 big-endian respectively.
**
** A pointer to the user supplied routine must be passed as the fifth
** argument. If it is NULL, this is the same as deleting the collation
** sequence (so that SQLite cannot call it anymore). Each time the user
** supplied function is invoked, it is passed a copy of the void* passed as
................................................................................
**
** The remaining arguments to the user-supplied routine are two strings,
** each represented by a [length, data] pair and encoded in the encoding
** that was passed as the third argument when the collation sequence was
** registered. The user routine should return negative, zero or positive if
** the first string is less than, equal to, or greater than the second
** string. i.e. (STRING1 - STRING2).












*/
int sqlite3_create_collation(
  sqlite3*, 
  const char *zName, 
  int eTextRep, 
  void*,
  int(*xCompare)(void*,int,const void*,int,const void*)








);
int sqlite3_create_collation16(
  sqlite3*, 
  const char *zName, 
  int eTextRep, 
  void*,
  int(*xCompare)(void*,int,const void*,int,const void*)
);

/*
****** EXPERIMENTAL - subject to change without notice **************
**
** The following experimental API is identical to the
** sqlite3_create_collation() function described above except that it
** allows a destructor callback function - xDestroy - for the new
** collation sequence to be specified. If this function returns
** successfully, the destructor function will be invoked exactly once
** by SQLite when one of the following occurs:
**
**   * The collation sequence is overidden by a subsequent call
**     to create_collation(), create_collation16() or 
**     create_collation_v2(), or
**
**   * The database handle is closed.
**
** The argument passed to the destructor function is a copy of
** the void* pointer passed as the 4th argument to this function.
*/
int sqlite3_create_collation_v2(
  sqlite3*, 
  const char *zName, 
  int eTextRep, 
  void*,
  int(*xCompare)(void*,int,const void*,int,const void*),
  void(*xDestroy)(void*)
);

/*
** To avoid having to register all collation sequences before a database
** can be used, a single callback function may be registered with the
** database handle to be called whenever an undefined collation sequence is
** required.
**
** If the function is registered using the sqlite3_collation_needed() API,
** then it is passed the names of undefined collation sequences as strings
** encoded in UTF-8. If sqlite3_collation_needed16() is used, the names
** are passed as UTF-16 in machine native byte order. A call to either
** function replaces any existing callback.
**
** When the user-function is invoked, the first argument passed is a copy
** of the second argument to sqlite3_collation_needed() or
** sqlite3_collation_needed16(). The second argument is the database
** handle. The third argument is one of SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_UTF16BE or
** SQLITE_UTF16LE, indicating the most desirable form of the collation
** sequence function required. The fourth parameter is the name of the
** required collation sequence.
**
** The collation sequence is returned to SQLite by a collation-needed
** callback using the sqlite3_create_collation() or
** sqlite3_create_collation16() APIs, described above.
*/
int sqlite3_collation_needed(
  sqlite3*, 
  void*, 
  void(*)(void*,sqlite3*,int eTextRep,const char*)
);
int sqlite3_collation_needed16(
................................................................................
*/
int sqlite3_rekey(
  sqlite3 *db,                   /* Database to be rekeyed */
  const void *pKey, int nKey     /* The new key */
);

/*
** Sleep for a little while. The second parameter is the number of
** miliseconds to sleep for. 


**
** If the operating system does not support sleep requests with 
** milisecond time resolution, then the time will be rounded up to 
** the nearest second. The number of miliseconds of sleep actually 
** requested from the operating system is returned.
*/
int sqlite3_sleep(int);

/*
** Return TRUE (non-zero) if the statement supplied as an argument needs
** to be recompiled.  A statement needs to be recompiled whenever the
** execution environment changes in a way that would alter the program
** that sqlite3_prepare() generates.  For example, if new functions or
** collating sequences are registered or if an authorizer function is
** added or changed.
**
*/
int sqlite3_expired(sqlite3_stmt*);

/*
** Move all bindings from the first prepared statement over to the second.
** This routine is useful, for example, if the first prepared statement
** fails with an SQLITE_SCHEMA error.  The same SQL can be prepared into
** the second prepared statement then all of the bindings transfered over
** to the second statement before the first statement is finalized.
*/
int sqlite3_transfer_bindings(sqlite3_stmt*, sqlite3_stmt*);

/*
** If the following global variable is made to point to a
** string which is the name of a directory, then all temporary files
** created by SQLite will be placed in that directory.  If this variable
** is NULL pointer, then SQLite does a search for an appropriate temporary
** file directory.
**
** Once sqlite3_open() has been called, changing this variable will invalidate
** the current temporary database, if any.


*/
extern char *sqlite3_temp_directory;

/*
** This function is called to recover from a malloc() failure that occured
** within the SQLite library. Normally, after a single malloc() fails the 
** library refuses to function (all major calls return SQLITE_NOMEM).
** This function restores the library state so that it can be used again.
**
** All existing statements (sqlite3_stmt pointers) must be finalized or
** reset before this call is made. Otherwise, SQLITE_BUSY is returned.
** If any in-memory databases are in use, either as a main or TEMP
** database, SQLITE_ERROR is returned. In either of these cases, the 
** library is not reset and remains unusable.
**
** This function is *not* threadsafe. Calling this from within a threaded
** application when threads other than the caller have used SQLite is
** dangerous and will almost certainly result in malfunctions.
**
** This functionality can be omitted from a build by defining the 
** SQLITE_OMIT_GLOBALRECOVER at compile time.
*/
int sqlite3_global_recover(void);

/*
** Test to see whether or not the database connection is in autocommit
** mode.  Return TRUE if it is and FALSE if not.  Autocommit mode is on
** by default.  Autocommit is disabled by a BEGIN statement and reenabled
** by the next COMMIT or ROLLBACK.
*/
int sqlite3_get_autocommit(sqlite3*);

/*


** Return the sqlite3* database handle to which the prepared statement given

** in the argument belongs.  This is the same database handle that was
** the first argument to the sqlite3_prepare() that was used to create
** the statement in the first place.
*/
sqlite3 *sqlite3_db_handle(sqlite3_stmt*);


/*



























** Register a callback function with the database connection identified by the 
** first argument to be invoked whenever a row is updated, inserted or deleted.
** Any callback set by a previous call to this function for the same 
** database connection is overridden.
**
** The second argument is a pointer to the function to invoke when a 
** row is updated, inserted or deleted. The first argument to the callback is
** a copy of the third argument to sqlite3_update_hook. The second callback 
** argument is one of SQLITE_INSERT, SQLITE_DELETE or SQLITE_UPDATE, depending
** on the operation that caused the callback to be invoked. The third and 
** fourth arguments to the callback contain pointers to the database and 
** table name containing the affected row. The final callback parameter is 
** the rowid of the row. In the case of an update, this is the rowid after 
** the update takes place.
**
................................................................................
void *sqlite3_update_hook(
  sqlite3*, 
  void(*)(void *,int ,char const *,char const *,sqlite_int64),
  void*
);

/*
** Register a callback to be invoked whenever a transaction is rolled
** back. 
**

** The new callback function overrides any existing rollback-hook
** callback. If there was an existing callback, then it's pArg value 
** (the third argument to sqlite3_rollback_hook() when it was registered) 
** is returned. Otherwise, NULL is returned.
**

** For the purposes of this API, a transaction is said to have been 
** rolled back if an explicit "ROLLBACK" statement is executed, or
** an error or constraint causes an implicit rollback to occur. The 
** callback is not invoked if a transaction is automatically rolled
** back because the database connection is closed.
*/

void *sqlite3_rollback_hook(sqlite3*, void(*)(void *), void*);


/*
** This function is only available if the library is compiled without
** the SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE macro defined. It is used to enable or
** disable (if the argument is true or false, respectively) the 
** "shared pager" feature.


















*/
int sqlite3_enable_shared_cache(int);

/*


** Attempt to free N bytes of heap memory by deallocating non-essential
** memory allocations held by the database library (example: memory 
** used to cache database pages to improve performance).
**
** This function is not a part of standard builds.  It is only created
** if SQLite is compiled with the SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT macro.
*/
int sqlite3_release_memory(int);

/*


** Place a "soft" limit on the amount of heap memory that may be allocated by
** SQLite within the current thread. If an internal allocation is requested 
** that would exceed the specified limit, sqlite3_release_memory() is invoked
** one or more times to free up some space before the allocation is made.
**
** The limit is called "soft", because if sqlite3_release_memory() cannot free
** sufficient memory to prevent the limit from being exceeded, the memory is
** allocated anyway and the current operation proceeds.













**
** This function is only available if the library was compiled with the 
** SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT option set.
** memory-management has been enabled.
*/
void sqlite3_soft_heap_limit(int);

/*


** This routine makes sure that all thread-local storage has been
** deallocated for the current thread.
**
** This routine is not technically necessary.  All thread-local storage
** will be automatically deallocated once memory-management and
** shared-cache are disabled and the soft heap limit has been set
** to zero.  This routine is provided as a convenience for users who
** want to make absolutely sure they have not forgotten something
** prior to killing off a thread.
*/
void sqlite3_thread_cleanup(void);

/*



** Return meta information about a specific column of a specific database
** table accessible using the connection handle passed as the first function 
** argument.
**
** The column is identified by the second, third and fourth parameters to 
** this function. The second parameter is either the name of the database
** (i.e. "main", "temp" or an attached database) containing the specified
** table or NULL. If it is NULL, then all attached databases are searched
................................................................................
** may be NULL.
**
** Meta information is returned by writing to the memory locations passed as
** the 5th and subsequent parameters to this function. Any of these 
** arguments may be NULL, in which case the corresponding element of meta 
** information is ommitted.
**

** Parameter     Output Type      Description
** -----------------------------------
**
**   5th         const char*      Data type
**   6th         const char*      Name of the default collation sequence 
**   7th         int              True if the column has a NOT NULL constraint
**   8th         int              True if the column is part of the PRIMARY KEY
**   9th         int              True if the column is AUTOINCREMENT

**
**
** The memory pointed to by the character pointers returned for the 
** declaration type and collation sequence is valid only until the next 
** call to any sqlite API function.
**
** If the specified table is actually a view, then an error is returned.
................................................................................
**
** If the specified column is "rowid", "oid" or "_rowid_" and an 
** INTEGER PRIMARY KEY column has been explicitly declared, then the output 
** parameters are set for the explicitly declared column. If there is no
** explicitly declared IPK column, then the output parameters are set as 
** follows:
**

**     data type: "INTEGER"
**     collation sequence: "BINARY"
**     not null: 0
**     primary key: 1
**     auto increment: 0

**
** This function may load one or more schemas from database files. If an
** error occurs during this process, or if the requested table or column
** cannot be found, an SQLITE error code is returned and an error message
** left in the database handle (to be retrieved using sqlite3_errmsg()).
**
** This API is only available if the library was compiled with the
................................................................................
  char const **pzCollSeq,     /* OUTPUT: Collation sequence name */
  int *pNotNull,              /* OUTPUT: True if NOT NULL constraint exists */
  int *pPrimaryKey,           /* OUTPUT: True if column part of PK */
  int *pAutoinc               /* OUTPUT: True if colums is auto-increment */
);

/*
****** EXPERIMENTAL - subject to change without notice **************
**
** Attempt to load an SQLite extension library contained in the file
** zFile.  The entry point is zProc.  zProc may be 0 in which case the
** name of the entry point defaults to "sqlite3_extension_init".
**
** Return SQLITE_OK on success and SQLITE_ERROR if something goes wrong.
**
** If an error occurs and pzErrMsg is not 0, then fill *pzErrMsg with 
** error message text.  The calling function should free this memory
** by calling sqlite3_free().
**
** Extension loading must be enabled using sqlite3_enable_load_extension()
** prior to calling this API or an error will be returned.
**
****** EXPERIMENTAL - subject to change without notice **************
*/
int sqlite3_load_extension(
  sqlite3 *db,          /* Load the extension into this database connection */
  const char *zFile,    /* Name of the shared library containing extension */
  const char *zProc,    /* Entry point.  Derived from zFile if 0 */
  char **pzErrMsg       /* Put error message here if not 0 */
);

/*


** So as not to open security holes in older applications that are
** unprepared to deal with extension load, and as a means of disabling
** extension loading while executing user-entered SQL, the following
** API is provided to turn the extension loading mechanism on and
** off.  It is off by default.  See ticket #1863.
**
** Call this routine with onoff==1 to turn extension loading on
** and call it with onoff==0 to turn it back off again.
*/
int sqlite3_enable_load_extension(sqlite3 *db, int onoff);

/*
****** EXPERIMENTAL - subject to change without notice **************
**
** Register an extension entry point that is automatically invoked
** whenever a new database connection is opened.

**
** This API can be invoked at program startup in order to register
** one or more statically linked extensions that will be available
** to all new database connections.
**
** Duplicate extensions are detected so calling this routine multiple
** times with the same extension is harmless.
**
** This routine stores a pointer to the extension in an array
** that is obtained from malloc().  If you run a memory leak
** checker on your program and it reports a leak because of this
** array, then invoke sqlite3_automatic_extension_reset() prior
** to shutdown to free the memory.
**
** Automatic extensions apply across all threads.



*/
int sqlite3_auto_extension(void *xEntryPoint);


/*
****** EXPERIMENTAL - subject to change without notice **************
**
** Disable all previously registered automatic extensions.  This
** routine undoes the effect of all prior sqlite3_automatic_extension()
** calls.
**
** This call disabled automatic extensions in all threads.



*/
void sqlite3_reset_auto_extension(void);


/*
****** EXPERIMENTAL - subject to change without notice **************
**
................................................................................
** When the virtual-table mechanism stablizes, we will declare the
** interface fixed, support it indefinitely, and remove this comment.
**
****** EXPERIMENTAL - subject to change without notice **************
*/

/*


** An instance of the following opaque structure is used to 
** represent an open blob handle.






*/
typedef struct sqlite3_blob sqlite3_blob;

/*


** Open a handle to the blob located in row iRow,, column zColumn, 
** table zTable in database zDb. i.e. the same blob that would
** be selected by:
**

**     "SELECT zColumn FROM zDb.zTable WHERE rowid = iRow;

**
** If the flags parameter is non-zero, the blob is opened for 
** read and write access. If it is zero, the blob is opened for read 
** access.
**
** On success, SQLITE_OK is returned and the new blob-handle is

** written to *ppBlob. Otherwise an error code is returned and 
** any value written to *ppBlob should not be used by the caller.
** This function sets the database-handle error code and message
** accessible via sqlite3_errcode() and sqlite3_errmsg().

*/
int sqlite3_blob_open(
  sqlite3*,
  const char *zDb,
  const char *zTable,
  const char *zColumn,
  sqlite_int64 iRow,
  int flags,
  sqlite3_blob **ppBlob
);

/*


** Close an open blob handle.
*/
int sqlite3_blob_close(sqlite3_blob *);

/*


** Return the size in bytes of the blob accessible via the open 
** blob-handle passed as an argument.
*/
int sqlite3_blob_bytes(sqlite3_blob *);

/*


** This function is used to read data from an open blob-handle into

** a caller supplied buffer. n bytes of data are copied into buffer
** z from the open blob, starting at offset iOffset.
**
** On success, SQLITE_OK is returned. Otherwise, an SQLite error 
** code.


*/
int sqlite3_blob_read(sqlite3_blob *, void *z, int n, int iOffset);

/*


** This function is used to write data from an open blob-handle into

** a user supplied buffer. n bytes of data are copied from the buffer
** pointed to by z into the open blob, starting at offset iOffset.
**
** If the blob-handle passed as the first argument was not opened for
** writing (the flags parameter to sqlite3_blob_open was zero), this
** function returns SQLITE_READONLY.
**
** This function may only modify the contents of the blob, it is
** not possible to increase the size of a blob using this API. If
** offset iOffset is less than n bytes from the end of the blob, 
** SQLITE_ERROR is returned and no data is written.
**
** On success, SQLITE_OK is returned. Otherwise, an SQLite error 
** code. If an error occurs, this function sets the 

*/
int sqlite3_blob_write(sqlite3_blob *, const void *z, int n, int iOffset);

/*
** Undo the hack that converts floating point types to integer for
** builds on processors without floating point support.
*/







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579
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581




582
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585
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589
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690
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694
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704
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731
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733
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748
749

750
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764
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766
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769
770
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772
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776
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778


779

780
781
782
783
784
785
786
787
...
805
806
807
808
809
810
811
812
813
814

815
816
817
818




819
820

821
822
823
824
825
826
827
828
829
830
831
832
833
834
835
836

837
838
839
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844
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848
849
850
851
852
853
854
855
856
857
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859
860
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864
865
866



867










868
869
870
871
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877
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890
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895
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899
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903


904
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913
914

915
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926
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931
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941
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959



960
961
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964
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971
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1000
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1003
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1007
1008
1009
1010
1011
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1016
1017
1018
1019
1020
1021
1022
1023
1024
1025
1026
1027
1028
1029
1030
1031
1032
1033
1034
1035
1036
1037
1038
1039


















1040
1041
1042
1043
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1052
1053
1054
1055

1056
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1071

1072
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1075
1076
1077
1078
1079
1080
1081
1082
1083
1084
1085

1086
1087







1088
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1090
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1100
1101
1102
1103
1104
1105
1106
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1108
1109
1110
1111
1112
1113
1114
1115
1116
1117
1118
1119
1120



1121
1122
1123
1124
1125
1126
1127
1128
1129
1130
1131
1132
1133
1134
1135
1136
1137
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1167
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1177
1178
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1190

1191
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1199
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1234
1235
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1254
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1258
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1273
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1279
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1285
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1289










1290









1291
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1300
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1313
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1317

1318
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1322
1323


1324
1325
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1327
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1329
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1337

1338
1339
1340
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1351



1352
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1409
1410






1411
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1552


1553
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1557
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1564

1565
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1573
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1576
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1578
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1585
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1600
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1607


1608
1609
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1614


1615
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1621
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1628
1629
1630



1631
1632
1633
1634
1635
1636
1637
1638
1639
1640
1641
1642
1643
1644
....
1654
1655
1656
1657
1658
1659
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1661
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1663
1664
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1666
1667
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1669
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1678
1679
1680
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1686
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1688



1689
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1691
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1694
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1696
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1699
1700
1701
1702
1703
1704
1705


1706
1707
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1715
1716
1717
1718
1719
1720
1721
1722
1723
1724
1725
1726
1727
1728
1729
1730
1731
1732
....
1734
1735
1736
1737
1738
1739
1740
1741
1742
1743
1744
1745
1746
1747
1748
1749
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1779
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1783

1784
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1800
1801
1802
1803
1804
1805
1806
1807
1808
1809
1810
1811
1812
1813
1814
1815
....
1816
1817
1818
1819
1820
1821
1822
1823
1824
1825
1826
1827
1828
1829
1830
1831
1832
1833
1834
1835
1836
1837
1838
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1840
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1845
1846
1847
1848
1849
1850
1851
1852
1853
1854
1855
1856
1857
1858
1859

1860
1861


1862
1863








1864
1865
1866
1867
1868
1869
1870
1871
1872
1873
1874
1875
1876
1877
1878
1879
1880
....
1883
1884
1885
1886
1887
1888
1889
1890
1891
1892
1893
1894
1895
1896
1897
1898
1899
1900
1901
1902
1903
1904
1905
1906
1907
1908
1909
1910
1911
1912
1913
1914
1915
1916
1917
1918
1919
1920
1921
1922
1923
1924
1925
1926
1927
1928


























1929
1930
1931
1932
1933
1934
1935
1936
1937
1938
1939
1940
1941
1942
1943
1944
1945
1946
1947
1948
1949
1950
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955
1956
1957
....
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002





2003













2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018



2019
















2020
2021
2022
2023
2024
2025
2026
2027
2028
2029
2030
2031
2032
2033
2034
2035
2036
2037
2038
2039
2040
2041
2042
2043
2044
2045
2046
2047
2048
2049
2050
2051
2052
2053
2054
2055
2056
2057
2058
2059
2060
2061
2062
2063
2064
2065
2066
2067
2068
2069
2070
2071
2072
2073
2074
2075
2076
2077
2078
2079
2080
2081
....
2088
2089
2090
2091
2092
2093
2094
2095

2096
2097
2098
2099
2100

2101
2102
2103
2104
2105
2106

2107
2108
2109

2110
2111
2112
2113
2114
2115
2116
2117
2118
2119
2120
2121
2122
2123
2124
2125
2126
2127
2128
2129
2130
2131
2132
2133
2134
2135
2136
2137
2138
2139
2140
2141
2142
2143
2144
2145
2146
2147
2148
2149
2150
2151
2152
2153
2154
2155
2156
2157
2158
2159
2160
2161
2162
2163
2164
2165
2166
2167
2168
2169
2170
2171
2172
2173
2174
2175
2176
2177
2178
2179
2180
2181
2182
2183
2184
2185
2186
2187
2188
2189
2190
2191
2192
2193
2194
2195
2196
2197
2198
2199
2200
2201
2202
2203
2204
2205
2206
....
2212
2213
2214
2215
2216
2217
2218
2219
2220
2221
2222
2223
2224
2225
2226
2227
2228
2229
2230
2231
2232
2233
2234
2235
....
2236
2237
2238
2239
2240
2241
2242
2243
2244
2245
2246
2247
2248
2249
2250
2251
2252
2253
2254
2255
2256
....
2265
2266
2267
2268
2269
2270
2271
2272
2273
2274
2275
2276
2277
2278
2279
2280
2281
2282
2283
2284
2285


2286
2287
2288
2289
2290
2291
2292
2293
2294
2295
2296
2297
2298
2299
2300
2301
2302
2303
2304
2305
2306
2307
2308
2309
2310
2311
2312
2313
2314
2315
2316
2317
2318
2319
2320
2321
2322
2323
2324
2325
2326
2327
2328
2329
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**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This header file defines the interface that the SQLite library
** presents to client programs.  If a C-function, structure, datatype,
** or constant definition does not appear in this file, then it is
** not a published API of SQLite, is subject to change without
** notice, and should not be referenced by programs that use SQLite.
**
** Some of the definitions that are in this file are marked as
** "experimental".  Experimental interfaces are normally new
** features recently added to SQLite.  We do not anticipate changes 
** to experimental interfaces but reserve to make minor changes if
** experience from use "in the wild" suggest such changes are prudent.
**
** The official C-language API documentation for SQLite is derived
** from comments in this file.  This file is the authoritative source
** on how SQLite interfaces are suppose to operate.
**
** The name of this file under configuration management is "sqlite.h.in".
** The makefile makes some minor changes to this file (such as inserting
** the version number) and changes its name to "sqlite3.h" as
** part of the build process.
**
** @(#) $Id: sqlite.h.in,v 1.212 2007/06/14 20:57:19 drh Exp $
*/
#ifndef _SQLITE3_H_
#define _SQLITE3_H_
#include <stdarg.h>     /* Needed for the definition of va_list */

/*
** Make sure we can call this stuff from C++.
*/
#ifdef __cplusplus
extern "C" {
#endif

/*
** Make sure these symbols where not defined by some previous header
** file.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_VERSION
# undef SQLITE_VERSION
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER
# undef SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER
#endif

/*
** CAPI3REF: Compile-Time Library Version Numbers
**
** The version of the SQLite library is contained in the sqlite3.h
** header file in a #define named SQLITE_VERSION.  The SQLITE_VERSION
** macro resolves to a string constant.
**
** The format of the version string is "X.Y.Z", where
** X is the major version number, Y is the minor version number and Z

** is the release number.  The X.Y.Z might be followed by "alpha" or "beta".
** For example "3.1.1beta".
**
** The X value is always 3 in SQLite.  The X value only changes when
** backwards compatibility is broken and we intend to never break
** backwards compatibility.  The Y value only changes when
** there are major feature enhancements that are forwards compatible
** but not backwards compatible.  The Z value is incremented with
** each release but resets back to 0 when Y is incremented.
**
** The SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER is an integer with the value 
** (X*1000000 + Y*1000 + Z). For example, for version "3.1.1beta", 
** SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER is set to 3001001. To detect if they are using 
** version 3.1.1 or greater at compile time, programs may use the test 
** (SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER>=3001001).
**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()] and [sqlite3_libversion_number()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION         "--VERS--"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER --VERSION-NUMBER--

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
**
** These routines return values equivalent to the header constants
** [SQLITE_VERSION] and [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER].  The values returned
** by this routines should only be different from the header values
** if you compile your program using an sqlite3.h header from a
** different version of SQLite that the version of the library you
** link against.
**
** The sqlite3_version[] string constant contains the text of the
** [SQLITE_VERSION] string.  The sqlite3_libversion() function returns


** a poiner to the sqlite3_version[] string constant.  The function
** is provided for DLL users who can only access functions and not
** constants within the DLL.
*/
extern const char sqlite3_version[];
const char *sqlite3_libversion(void);





int sqlite3_libversion_number(void);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Database Connection Handle
**
** Each open SQLite database is represented by pointer to an instance of the

** opaque structure named "sqlite3".  It is useful to think of an sqlite3
** pointer as an object.  The [sqlite3_open] interface is its constructor
** and [sqlite3_close] is its destructor.  There are many other interfaces
** (such as [sqlite3_prepare_v2], [sqlite3_create_function], and
** [sqlite3_busy_timeout] to name but three) that are methods on this
** object.
*/
typedef struct sqlite3 sqlite3;


/*
** CAPI3REF: 64-Bit Integer Types
**
** Some compilers do not support the "long long" datatype.  So we have


** to do compiler-specific typedefs for 64-bit signed and unsigned integers.
**
** Many SQLite interface functions require a 64-bit integer arguments.
** Those interfaces are declared using this typedef.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_INT64_TYPE
  typedef SQLITE_INT64_TYPE sqlite_int64;
  typedef unsigned SQLITE_INT64_TYPE sqlite_uint64;
#elif defined(_MSC_VER) || defined(__BORLANDC__)
  typedef __int64 sqlite_int64;
  typedef unsigned __int64 sqlite_uint64;
................................................................................
** substitute integer for floating-point
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
# define double sqlite_int64
#endif

/*
** CAPI3REF: Closing A Database Connection
**
** Call this function with a pointer to a structure that was previously
** returned from [sqlite3_open()] and the corresponding database will by
** closed.
**
** All SQL statements prepared using [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] or

** [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()] must be destroyed using [sqlite3_finalize()]
** before this routine is called. Otherwise, SQLITE_BUSY is returned and the
** database connection remains open.
*/
int sqlite3_close(sqlite3 *);

/*
** The type for a callback function.
** This is legacy and deprecated.  It is included for historical
** compatibility and is not documented.
*/
typedef int (*sqlite3_callback)(void*,int,char**, char**);

/*
** CAPI3REF: One-Step Query Execution Interface
**
** This interface is used to do a one-time evaluatation of zero
** or more SQL statements.  UTF-8 text of the SQL statements to
** be evaluted is passed in as the second parameter.  The statements
** are prepared one by one using [sqlite3_prepare()], evaluated
** using [sqlite3_step()], then destroyed using [sqlite3_finalize()].
**
** If one or more of the SQL statements are queries, then
** the callback function specified by the 3rd parameter is
** invoked once for each row of the query result.  This callback
** should normally return 0.  If the callback returns a non-zero
** value then the query is aborted, all subsequent SQL statements
** are skipped and the sqlite3_exec() function returns the SQLITE_ABORT.
**
** The 4th parameter to this interface is an arbitrary pointer that is
** passed through to the callback function as its first parameter.
**
** The 2nd parameter to the callback function is the number of
** columns in the query result.  The 3rd parameter to the callback
** is an array of strings holding the values for each column
** as extracted using [sqlite3_column_text()].
** The 4th parameter to the callback is an array of strings
** obtained using [sqlite3_column_name()] and holding
** the names of each column.
**
** The callback function may be NULL, even for queries.  A NULL
** callback is not an error.  It just means that no callback
** will be invoked.
**
** If an error occurs while parsing or evaluating the SQL (but
** not while executing the callback) then an appropriate error
** message is written into memory obtained from [sqlite3_malloc()] and
** *errmsg is made to point to that message.  The calling function
** is responsible for freeing the memory that holds the error
** message.   Use [sqlite3_free()] for this.  If errmsg==NULL,
** then no error message is ever written.
**
** The return value is is SQLITE_OK if there are no errors and
** some other [SQLITE_OK | return code] if there is an error.  
** The particular return value depends on the type of error. 
**




*/
int sqlite3_exec(
  sqlite3*,                                  /* An open database */
  const char *sql,                           /* SQL to be evaluted */
  int (*callback)(void*,int,char**,char**),  /* Callback function */
  void *,                                    /* 1st argument to callback */
  char **errmsg                              /* Error msg written here */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Result Codes
** KEYWORDS: SQLITE_OK
**
** Many SQLite functions return an integer result code from the set shown
** above in order to indicates success or failure.
**
** The result codes above are the only ones returned by SQLite in its
** default configuration.  However, the [sqlite3_extended_result_codes()]
** API can be used to set a database connectoin to return more detailed
** result codes.
**
** See also: [SQLITE_IOERR_READ | extended result codes]
**
*/
#define SQLITE_OK           0   /* Successful result */
/* beginning-of-error-codes */
#define SQLITE_ERROR        1   /* SQL error or missing database */
#define SQLITE_INTERNAL     2   /* NOT USED. Internal logic error in SQLite */
#define SQLITE_PERM         3   /* Access permission denied */
#define SQLITE_ABORT        4   /* Callback routine requested an abort */
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_RANGE       25   /* 2nd parameter to sqlite3_bind out of range */
#define SQLITE_NOTADB      26   /* File opened that is not a database file */
#define SQLITE_ROW         100  /* sqlite3_step() has another row ready */
#define SQLITE_DONE        101  /* sqlite3_step() has finished executing */
/* end-of-error-codes */

/*
** CAPI3REF: Extended Result Codes




**
** In its default configuration, SQLite API routines return one of 26 integer
** result codes described at result-codes.  However, experience has shown that
** many of these result codes are too course-grained.  They do not provide as
** much information about problems as users might like.  In an effort to
** address this, newer versions of SQLite (version 3.3.8 and later) include
** support for additional result codes that provide more detailed information
** about errors.  The extended result codes are enabled (or disabled) for 
** each database
** connection using the [sqlite3_extended_result_codes()] API.
** 

** Some of the available extended result codes are listed above.
** We expect the number of extended result codes will be expand
** over time.  Software that uses extended result codes should expect
** to see new result codes in future releases of SQLite.
** 



** The symbolic name for an extended result code always contains a related
** primary result code as a prefix.  Primary result codes contain a single
** "_" character.  Extended result codes contain two or more "_" characters.
** The numeric value of an extended result code can be converted to its
** corresponding primary result code by masking off the lower 8 bytes.
**
** The SQLITE_OK result code will never be extended.  It will always
** be exactly zero.




*/
#define SQLITE_IOERR_READ          (SQLITE_IOERR | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_SHORT_READ    (SQLITE_IOERR | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_WRITE         (SQLITE_IOERR | (3<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_FSYNC         (SQLITE_IOERR | (4<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_DIR_FSYNC     (SQLITE_IOERR | (5<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_TRUNCATE      (SQLITE_IOERR | (6<<8))
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_IOERR_FSTAT         (SQLITE_IOERR | (7<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_UNLOCK        (SQLITE_IOERR | (8<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_RDLOCK        (SQLITE_IOERR | (9<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_DELETE        (SQLITE_IOERR | (10<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_BLOCKED       (SQLITE_IOERR | (11<<8))

/*
** CAPI3REF: Enable Or Disable Extended Result Codes
**
** This routine enables or disables the
** [SQLITE_IOERR_READ | extended result codes] feature.
** By default, SQLite API routines return one of only 26 integer
** [SQLITE_OK | result codes].  When extended result codes
** are enabled by this routine, the repetoire of result codes can be
** much larger and can (hopefully) provide more detailed information
** about the cause of an error.
**
** The second argument is a boolean value that turns extended result
** codes on and off.  Extended result codes are off by default for
** backwards compatibility with older versions of SQLite.
*/
int sqlite3_extended_result_codes(sqlite3*, int onoff);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Last Insert Rowid
**
** Each entry in an SQLite table has a unique 64-bit signed integer key




** called the "rowid". The rowid is always available as an undeclared
** column named ROWID, OID, or _ROWID_.  If the table has a column of
** type INTEGER PRIMARY KEY then that column is another an alias for the
** rowid.
**
** This routine returns the rowid of the most recent INSERT into
** the database from the database connection given in the first 
** argument.  If no inserts have ever occurred on this database
** connection, zero is returned.
**
** If an INSERT occurs within a trigger, then the rowid of the
** inserted row is returned by this routine as long as the trigger
** is running.  But once the trigger terminates, the value returned
** by this routine reverts to the last value inserted before the
** trigger fired.
*/
sqlite_int64 sqlite3_last_insert_rowid(sqlite3*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Count The Number Of Rows Modified
**
** This function returns the number of database rows that were changed
** (or inserted or deleted) by the most recent SQL statement.  Only
** changes that are directly specified by the INSERT, UPDATE, or
** DELETE statement are counted.  Auxiliary changes caused by
** triggers are not counted.  Use the [sqlite3_total_changes()] function
** to find the total number of changes including changes caused by triggers.
**
** Within the body of a trigger, the sqlite3_changes() interface can be
** called to find the number of
** changes in the most recently completed INSERT, UPDATE, or DELETE
** statement within the body of the trigger.
**
** All changes are counted, even if they were later undone by a
** ROLLBACK or ABORT.  Except, changes associated with creating and
** dropping tables are not counted.
**
** If a callback invokes [sqlite3_exec()] or [sqlite3_step()] recursively,
** then the changes in the inner, recursive call are counted together
** with the changes in the outer call.
**
** SQLite implements the command "DELETE FROM table" without a WHERE clause
** by dropping and recreating the table.  (This is much faster than going
** through and deleting individual elements form the table.)  Because of
** this optimization, the change count for "DELETE FROM table" will be
................................................................................
** zero regardless of the number of elements that were originally in the
** table. To get an accurate count of the number of rows deleted, use
** "DELETE FROM table WHERE 1" instead.
*/
int sqlite3_changes(sqlite3*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Total Number Of Rows Modified
***
** This function returns the number of database rows that have been
** modified by INSERT, UPDATE or DELETE statements since the database handle
** was opened. This includes UPDATE, INSERT and DELETE statements executed
** as part of trigger programs. All changes are counted as soon as the
** statement that makes them is completed (when the statement handle is
** passed to [sqlite3_reset()] or [sqlite_finalise()]).
**
** See also the [sqlite3_change()] interface.
**
** SQLite implements the command "DELETE FROM table" without a WHERE clause
** by dropping and recreating the table.  (This is much faster than going
** through and deleting individual elements form the table.)  Because of
** this optimization, the change count for "DELETE FROM table" will be
** zero regardless of the number of elements that were originally in the
** table. To get an accurate count of the number of rows deleted, use
** "DELETE FROM table WHERE 1" instead.
*/
int sqlite3_total_changes(sqlite3*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Interrupt A Long-Running Query
**
** This function causes any pending database operation to abort and
** return at its earliest opportunity.  This routine is typically
** called in response to a user action such as pressing "Cancel"
** or Ctrl-C where the user wants a long query operation to halt
** immediately.
**
** It is safe to call this routine from a thread different from the
** thread that is currently running the database operation.
**
** The SQL operation that is interrupted will return [SQLITE_INTERRUPT].
** If an interrupted operation was an update that is inside an
** explicit transaction, then the entire transaction will be rolled
** back automatically.
*/
void sqlite3_interrupt(sqlite3*);


/*
** CAPI3REF: Determine If An SQL Statement Is Complete
**
** These functions return true if the given input string comprises
** one or more complete SQL statements. For the sqlite3_complete() call,
** the parameter must be a nul-terminated UTF-8 string. For
** sqlite3_complete16(), a nul-terminated machine byte order UTF-16 string
** is required.
**
** These routines are useful for command-line input to determine if the
** currently entered text forms one or more complete SQL statements or
** if additional input is needed before sending the statements into
** SQLite for parsing. The algorithm is simple.  If the 
** last token other than spaces and comments is a semicolon, then return 
** true.  Actually, the algorithm is a little more complicated than that
** in order to deal with triggers, but the basic idea is the same:  the
** statement is not complete unless it ends in a semicolon.
*/
int sqlite3_complete(const char *sql);
int sqlite3_complete16(const void *sql);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Register A Callback To Handle SQLITE_BUSY Errors
**
** This routine identifies a callback function that might be invoked
** whenever an attempt is made to open a database table 


** that another thread or process has locked.
** If the busy callback is NULL, then [SQLITE_BUSY]
** (or sometimes [SQLITE_IOERR_BLOCKED])
** is returned immediately upon encountering the lock.
** If the busy callback is not NULL, then the
** callback will be invoked with two arguments.  The
** first argument to the handler is a copy of the void* pointer which
** is the third argument to this routine.  The second argument to
** the handler is the number of times that the busy handler has
** been invoked for this locking event. If the
** busy callback returns 0, then no additional attempts are made to
** access the database and [SQLITE_BUSY] or [SQLITE_IOERR_BLOCKED] is returned.
** If the callback returns non-zero, then another attempt is made to open the

** database for reading and the cycle repeats.
**
** The presence of a busy handler does not guarantee that
** it will be invoked when there is lock contention.
** If SQLite determines that invoking the busy handler could result in
** a deadlock, it will return [SQLITE_BUSY] instead.
** Consider a scenario where one process is holding a read lock that
** it is trying to promote to a reserved lock and
** a second process is holding a reserved lock that it is trying
** to promote to an exclusive lock.  The first process cannot proceed
** because it is blocked by the second and the second process cannot
** proceed because it is blocked by the first.  If both processes
** invoke the busy handlers, neither will make any progress.  Therefore,
** SQLite returns [SQLITE_BUSY] for the first process, hoping that this
** will induce the first process to release its read lock and allow
** the second process to proceed.
**
** The default busy callback is NULL.
**
** The [SQLITE_BUSY] error is converted to [SQLITE_IOERR_BLOCKED] when
** SQLite is in the middle of a large transaction where all the
** changes will not fit into the in-memory cache.  SQLite will
** already hold a RESERVED lock on the database file, but it needs
** to promote this lock to EXCLUSIVE so that it can spill cache
** pages into the database file without harm to concurrent
** readers.  If it is unable to promote the lock, then the in-memory
** cache will be left in an inconsistent state and so the error
** code is promoted from the relatively benign [SQLITE_BUSY] to
** the more severe [SQLITE_IOERR_BLOCKED].  This error code promotion
** forces an automatic rollback of the changes. See the
** <a href="http://www.sqlite.org/cvstrac/wiki?p=CorruptionFollowingBusyError">
** CorruptionFollowingBusyError</a> wiki page for a discussion of why
** this is important.
**	
** Sqlite is re-entrant, so the busy handler may start a new query. 
** (It is not clear why anyone would every want to do this, but it
** is allowed, in theory.)  But the busy handler may not close the
** database.  Closing the database from a busy handler will delete 
** data structures out from under the executing query and will 
** probably result in a segmentation fault or other runtime error.
**
** There can only be a single busy handler defined for each database
** connection.  Setting a new busy handler clears any previous one.
** Note that calling [sqlite3_busy_timeout()] will also set or clear
** the busy handler.
*/
int sqlite3_busy_handler(sqlite3*, int(*)(void*,int), void*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Set A Busy Timeout
**
** This routine sets a busy handler that sleeps for a while when a
** table is locked.  The handler will sleep multiple times until 
** at least "ms" milliseconds of sleeping have been done.  After
** "ms" milliseconds of sleeping, the handler returns 0 which

** causes [sqlite3_step()] to return [SQLITE_BUSY] or [SQLITE_IOERR_BLOCKED].
**
** Calling this routine with an argument less than or equal to zero
** turns off all busy handlers.
**
** There can only be a single busy handler for a particular database
** connection.  If another busy handler was defined  
** (using [sqlite3_busy_handler()]) prior to calling
** this routine, that other busy handler is cleared.
*/
int sqlite3_busy_timeout(sqlite3*, int ms);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Convenience Routines For Running Queries
**
** This next routine is a convenience wrapper around [sqlite3_exec()].
** Instead of invoking a user-supplied callback for each row of the
** result, this routine remembers each row of the result in memory
** obtained from [sqlite3_malloc()], then returns all of the result after the
** query has finished. 
**
** As an example, suppose the query result where this table:
**
** <pre>
**        Name        | Age
**        -----------------------
**        Alice       | 43
**        Bob         | 28
**        Cindy       | 21
** </pre>
**
** If the 3rd argument were &azResult then after the function returns
** azResult will contain the following data:
**
** <pre>
**        azResult[0] = "Name";
**        azResult[1] = "Age";
**        azResult[2] = "Alice";
**        azResult[3] = "43";
**        azResult[4] = "Bob";
**        azResult[5] = "28";
**        azResult[6] = "Cindy";
**        azResult[7] = "21";
** </pre>
**
** Notice that there is an extra row of data containing the column
** headers.  But the *nrow return value is still 3.  *ncolumn is
** set to 2.  In general, the number of values inserted into azResult
** will be ((*nrow) + 1)*(*ncolumn).
**
** After the calling function has finished using the result, it should 
** pass the result data pointer to sqlite3_free_table() in order to 
** release the memory that was malloc-ed.  Because of the way the 
** [sqlite3_malloc()] happens, the calling function must not try to call 
** [sqlite3_free()] directly.  Only [sqlite3_free_table()] is able to release 
** the memory properly and safely.
**
** The return value of this routine is the same as from [sqlite3_exec()].
*/
int sqlite3_get_table(
  sqlite3*,              /* An open database */
  const char *sql,       /* SQL to be executed */
  char ***resultp,       /* Result written to a char *[]  that this points to */
  int *nrow,             /* Number of result rows written here */
  int *ncolumn,          /* Number of result columns written here */
  char **errmsg          /* Error msg written here */
);




void sqlite3_free_table(char **result);

/*

** CAPI3REF: Formatted String Printing Functions
**
** These routines are workalikes of the "printf()" family of functions
** from the standard C library.



**
** The sqlite3_mprintf() and sqlite3_vmprintf() routines write their
** results into memory obtained from [sqlite_malloc()].
** The strings returned by these two routines should be
** released by [sqlite3_free()].  Both routines return a
** NULL pointer if [sqlite3_malloc()] is unable to allocate enough
** memory to hold the resulting string.
**
** In sqlite3_snprintf() routine is similar to "snprintf()" from
** the standard C library.  The result is written into the
** buffer supplied as the second parameter whose size is given by
** the first parameter.  Note that the order of the
** first two parameters is reversed from snprintf().  This is an
** historical accident that cannot be fixed without breaking
** backwards compatibility.  Note also that sqlite3_snprintf()
** returns a pointer to its buffer instead of the number of
** characters actually written into the buffer.  We admit that
** the number of characters written would be a more useful return
** value but we cannot change the implementation of sqlite3_snprintf()
** now without breaking compatibility.
**
** As long as the buffer size is greater than zero, sqlite3_snprintf()
** guarantees that the buffer is always zero-terminated.  The first
** parameter "n" is the total size of the buffer, including space for
** the zero terminator.  So the longest string that can be completely
** written will be n-1 characters.
**
** These routines all implement some additional formatting
** options that are useful for constructing SQL statements.
** All of the usual printf formatting options apply.  In addition, there
** is are "%q" and "%Q" options.
**
** The %q option works like %s in that it substitutes a null-terminated
** string from the argument list.  But %q also doubles every '\'' character.
** %q is designed for use inside a string literal.  By doubling each '\''
** character it escapes that character and allows it to be inserted into
** the string.
**
** For example, so some string variable contains text as follows:
**
** <blockquote><pre>
**  char *zText = "It's a happy day!";
** </pre></blockquote>
**
** One can use this text in an SQL statement as follows:
**
** <blockquote><pre>
**  char *zSQL = sqlite3_mprintf("INSERT INTO table VALUES('%q')", zText);
**  sqlite3_exec(db, zSQL, 0, 0, 0);
**  sqlite3_free(zSQL);
** </pre></blockquote>
**
** Because the %q format string is used, the '\'' character in zText
** is escaped and the SQL generated is as follows:
**
** <blockquote><pre>
**  INSERT INTO table1 VALUES('It''s a happy day!')
** </pre></blockquote>
**
** This is correct.  Had we used %s instead of %q, the generated SQL
** would have looked like this:
**
** <blockquote><pre>
**  INSERT INTO table1 VALUES('It's a happy day!');
** </pre></blockquote>
**
** This second example is an SQL syntax error.  As a general rule you
** should always use %q instead of %s when inserting text into a string 
** literal.
**
** The %Q option works like %q except it also adds single quotes around
** the outside of the total string.  Or if the parameter in the argument
** list is a NULL pointer, %Q substitutes the text "NULL" (without single
** quotes) in place of the %Q option.  So, for example, one could say:
**
** <blockquote><pre>
**  char *zSQL = sqlite3_mprintf("INSERT INTO table VALUES(%Q)", zText);
**  sqlite3_exec(db, zSQL, 0, 0, 0);
**  sqlite3_free(zSQL);
** </pre></blockquote>
**
** The code above will render a correct SQL statement in the zSQL
** variable even if the zText variable is a NULL pointer.
*/
char *sqlite3_mprintf(const char*,...);
char *sqlite3_vmprintf(const char*, va_list);
char *sqlite3_snprintf(int,char*,const char*, ...);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Memory Allocation Functions
**
** SQLite uses its own memory allocator.  On some installations, this
** memory allocator is identical to the standard malloc()/realloc()/free()
** and can be used interchangable.  On others, the implementations are
** different.  For maximum portability, it is best not to mix calls
** to the standard malloc/realloc/free with the sqlite versions.
*/
void *sqlite3_malloc(int);
void *sqlite3_realloc(void*, int);
void sqlite3_free(void*);


/*
** CAPI3REF: Compile-Time Authorization Callbacks
***
** This routine registers a authorizer callback with the SQLite library.  

** The authorizer callback is invoked as SQL statements are being compiled
** by [sqlite3_prepare()] or its variants [sqlite3_prepare_v2()],
** [sqlite3_prepare16()] and [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()].  At various
** points during the compilation process, as logic is being created
** to perform various actions, the authorizer callback is invoked to
** see if those actions are allowed.  The authorizer callback should
** return SQLITE_OK to allow the action, [SQLITE_IGNORE] to disallow the
** specific action but allow the SQL statement to continue to be
** compiled, or [SQLITE_DENY] to cause the entire SQL statement to be
** rejected with an error.  

**
** Depending on the action, the [SQLITE_IGNORE] and [SQLITE_DENY] return
** codes might mean something different or they might mean the same
** thing.  If the action is, for example, to perform a delete opertion,
** then [SQLITE_IGNORE] and [SQLITE_DENY] both cause the statement compilation
** to fail with an error.  But if the action is to read a specific column
** from a specific table, then [SQLITE_DENY] will cause the entire
** statement to fail but [SQLITE_IGNORE] will cause a NULL value to be
** read instead of the actual column value.
**
** The first parameter to the authorizer callback is a copy of
** the third parameter to the sqlite3_set_authorizer() interface.
** The second parameter to the callback is an integer 
** [SQLITE_COPY | action code] that specifies the particular action
** to be authorized.  The available action codes are
** [SQLITE_COPY | documented separately].  The third through sixth
** parameters to the callback are strings that contain additional
** details about the action to be authorized.
**
** An authorizer is used when preparing SQL statements from an untrusted
** source, to ensure that the SQL statements do not try to access data
** that they are not allowed to see, or that they do not try to
** execute malicious statements that damage the database.  For
** example, an application may allow a user to enter arbitrary
** SQL queries for evaluation by a database.  But the application does
** not want the user to be able to make arbitrary changes to the
** database.  An authorizer could then be put in place while the
** user-entered SQL is being prepared that disallows everything
** except SELECT statements.  
**
** Only a single authorizer can be in place on a database connection
** at a time.  Each call to sqlite3_set_authorizer overrides the
** previous call.  A NULL authorizer means that no authorization
** callback is invoked.  The default authorizer is NULL.
**
** Note that the authorizer callback is invoked only during 
** [sqlite3_prepare()] or its variants.  Authorization is not
** performed during statement evaluation in [sqlite3_step()].
*/
int sqlite3_set_authorizer(
  sqlite3*,
  int (*xAuth)(void*,int,const char*,const char*,const char*,const char*),
  void *pUserData
);


/*

** CAPI3REF: Authorizer Return Codes
**
** The [sqlite3_set_authorizer | authorizer callback function] must
** return either [SQLITE_OK] or one of these two constants in order
** to signal SQLite whether or not the action is permitted.  See the
** [sqlite3_set_authorizer | authorizer documentation] for additional
** information.
*/
#define SQLITE_DENY   1   /* Abort the SQL statement with an error */
#define SQLITE_IGNORE 2   /* Don't allow access, but don't generate an error */

/*
** CAPI3REF: Authorizer Action Codes
**
** The [sqlite3_set_authorizer()] interface registers a callback function
** that is invoked to authorizer certain SQL statement actions.  The
** second parameter to the callback is an integer code that specifies
** what action is being authorized.  These are the integer action codes that
** the authorizer callback may be passed.
**
** These action code values signify what kind of operation is to be 
** authorized.  The 3rd and 4th parameters to the authorization callback
** function will be parameters or NULL depending on which of these
** codes is used as the second parameter.  The 5th parameter to the
** authorizer callback is the name of the database ("main", "temp", 
** etc.) if applicable.  The 6th parameter to the authorizer callback
** is the name of the inner-most trigger or view that is responsible for
** the access attempt or NULL if this access attempt is directly from 
** top-level SQL code.


*/

/******************************************* 3rd ************ 4th ***********/
#define SQLITE_CREATE_INDEX          1   /* Index Name      Table Name      */
#define SQLITE_CREATE_TABLE          2   /* Table Name      NULL            */
#define SQLITE_CREATE_TEMP_INDEX     3   /* Index Name      Table Name      */
#define SQLITE_CREATE_TEMP_TABLE     4   /* Table Name      NULL            */
#define SQLITE_CREATE_TEMP_TRIGGER   5   /* Trigger Name    Table Name      */
#define SQLITE_CREATE_TEMP_VIEW      6   /* View Name       NULL            */
#define SQLITE_CREATE_TRIGGER        7   /* Trigger Name    Table Name      */
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_DETACH               25   /* Database Name   NULL            */
#define SQLITE_ALTER_TABLE          26   /* Database Name   Table Name      */
#define SQLITE_REINDEX              27   /* Index Name      NULL            */
#define SQLITE_ANALYZE              28   /* Table Name      NULL            */
#define SQLITE_CREATE_VTABLE        29   /* Table Name      Module Name     */
#define SQLITE_DROP_VTABLE          30   /* Table Name      Module Name     */
#define SQLITE_FUNCTION             31   /* Function Name   NULL            */
#define SQLITE_COPY                  0   /* No longer used */

/*

** CAPI3REF: Tracing And Profiling Functions
**
** These routines register callback functions that can be used for
** tracing and profiling the execution of SQL statements.




** The callback function registered by sqlite3_trace() is invoked
** at the first [sqlite3_step()] for the evaluation of an SQL statement.

** The callback function registered by sqlite3_profile() is invoked
** as each SQL statement finishes and includes
** information on how long that statement ran.
**
** The sqlite3_profile() API is currently considered experimental and
** is subject to change.
*/
void *sqlite3_trace(sqlite3*, void(*xTrace)(void*,const char*), void*);
void *sqlite3_profile(sqlite3*,
   void(*xProfile)(void*,const char*,sqlite_uint64), void*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Query Progress Callbacks
**
** This routine configures a callback function - the progress callback - that
** is invoked periodically during long running calls to [sqlite3_exec()],

** [sqlite3_step()] and [sqlite3_get_table()].  An example use for this 
** interface is to keep a GUI updated during a large query.
**
** The progress callback is invoked once for every N virtual machine opcodes,
** where N is the second argument to this function. The progress callback
** itself is identified by the third argument to this function. The fourth
** argument to this function is a void pointer passed to the progress callback
** function each time it is invoked.
**
** If a call to [sqlite3_exec()], [sqlite3_step()], or [sqlite3_get_table()]
** results in fewer than N opcodes being executed, then the progress 
** callback is never invoked.
** 
** Only a single progress callback function may be registered for each
** open database connection.  Every call to sqlite3_progress_handler()
** overwrites the results of the previous call.
** To remove the progress callback altogether, pass NULL as the third
** argument to this function.
**
** If the progress callback returns a result other than 0, then the current 
** query is immediately terminated and any database changes rolled back.
** The containing [sqlite3_exec()], [sqlite3_step()], or
** [sqlite3_get_table()] call returns SQLITE_INTERRUPT.   This feature
** can be used, for example, to implement the "Cancel" button on a
** progress dialog box in a GUI.
*/
void sqlite3_progress_handler(sqlite3*, int, int(*)(void*), void*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Opening A New Database Connection



**










** Open the sqlite database file "filename".  The "filename" is UTF-8
** encoded for sqlite3_open() and UTF-16 encoded in the native byte order
** for sqlite3_open16().  An [sqlite3*] handle is returned in *ppDb, even
** if an error occurs. If the database is opened (or created) successfully,
** then SQLITE_OK is returned. Otherwise an error code is returned. The
** sqlite3_errmsg() or sqlite3_errmsg16()  routines can be used to obtain
** an English language description of the error.
**
** If the database file does not exist, then a new database will be created
** as needed.  The default encoding for the database will be UTF-8 if
** sqlite3_open() is called and UTF-16 if sqlite3_open16 is used.
**
** Whether or not an error occurs when it is opened, resources associated
** with the [sqlite3*] handle should be released by passing it to
** sqlite3_close() when it is no longer required.
**
** Note to windows users:  The encoding used for the filename argument
** of sqlite3_open() must be UTF-8, not whatever codepage is currently
** defined.  Filenames containing international characters must be converted
** to UTF-8 prior to passing them into sqlite3_open().
*/
int sqlite3_open(
  const char *filename,   /* Database filename (UTF-8) */
  sqlite3 **ppDb          /* OUT: SQLite db handle */
);
int sqlite3_open16(
  const void *filename,   /* Database filename (UTF-16) */
  sqlite3 **ppDb          /* OUT: SQLite db handle */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Error Codes And Messages
**
** The sqlite3_errcode() interface returns the numeric
** [SQLITE_OK | result code] or [SQLITE_IOERR_READ | extended result code]
** for the most recent failed sqlite3_* API call associated


** with [sqlite3] handle 'db'.  If a prior API call failed but the
** most recent API call succeeded, the return value from sqlite3_errcode()
** is undefined. 
**
** The sqlite3_errmsg() and sqlite3_errmsg16() return English-langauge
** text that describes the error, as either UTF8 or UTF16 respectively.
** Memory to hold the error message string is managed internally.  The 
** string may be overwritten or deallocated by subsequent calls to SQLite
** interface functions.
**
** Calls to many sqlite3_* functions set the error code and string returned

** by [sqlite3_errcode()], [sqlite3_errmsg()], and [sqlite3_errmsg16()]
** (overwriting the previous values). Note that calls to [sqlite3_errcode()],
** [sqlite3_errmsg()], and [sqlite3_errmsg16()] themselves do not affect the
** results of future invocations.  Calls to API routines that do not return
** an error code (examples: [sqlite3_data_count()] or [sqlite3_mprintf()]) do
** not change the error code returned by this routine.
**
** Assuming no other intervening sqlite3_* API calls are made, the error
** code returned by this function is associated with the same error as
** the strings returned by [sqlite3_errmsg()] and [sqlite3_errmsg16()].
*/
int sqlite3_errcode(sqlite3 *db);
const char *sqlite3_errmsg(sqlite3*);
const void *sqlite3_errmsg16(sqlite3*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: SQL Statement Object
**
** Instance of this object represent single SQL statements.  This
** is variously known as a "prepared statement" or a 
** "compiled SQL statement" or simply as a "statement".
** 
** The life of a statement object goes something like this:
**
** <ol>
** <li> Create the object using [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] or a related
**      function.
** <li> Bind values to host parameters using
**      [sqlite3_bind_blob | sqlite3_bind_* interfaces].
** <li> Run the SQL by calling [sqlite3_step()] one or more times.
** <li> Reset the statement using [sqlite3_reset()] then go back
**      to step 2.  Do this zero or more times.
** <li> Destroy the object using [sqlite3_finalize()].
** </ol>
**
** Refer to documentation on individual methods above for additional
** information.
*/
typedef struct sqlite3_stmt sqlite3_stmt;

/*
** CAPI3REF: Compiling An SQL Statement
**
** To execute an SQL query, it must first be compiled into a byte-code
** program using one of these routines. 



**
** The first argument "db" is an [sqlite3 | SQLite database handle] 
** obtained from a prior call to [sqlite3_open()] or [sqlite3_open16()].
** The second argument "zSql" is the statement to be compiled, encoded
** as either UTF-8 or UTF-16.  The sqlite3_prepare() and sqlite3_prepare_v2()
** interfaces uses UTF-8 and sqlite3_prepare16() and sqlite3_prepare16_v2()
** use UTF-16. If the next argument, "nBytes", is less
** than zero, then zSql is read up to the first zero terminator.  If
** "nBytes" is not less than zero, then it is the length of the string zSql
** in bytes (not characters).
**
** *pzTail is made to point to the first byte past the end of the first
** SQL statement in zSql.  This routine only compiles the first statement
** in zSql, so *pzTail is left pointing to what remains uncompiled.
**
** *ppStmt is left pointing to a compiled 
** [sqlite3_stmt | SQL statement structure] that can be
** executed using [sqlite3_step()].  Or if there is an error, *ppStmt may be
** set to NULL.  If the input text contained no SQL (if the input is and
** empty string or a comment) then *ppStmt is set to NULL.  The calling
** procedure is responsible for deleting the compiled SQL statement
** using [sqlite3_finalize()] after it has finished with it.
**
** On success, [SQLITE_OK] is returned.  Otherwise an 
** [SQLITE_ERROR | error code] is returned.
**
** The sqlite3_prepare_v2() and sqlite3_prepare16_v2() interfaces are
** recommended for all new programs. The two older interfaces are retained
** for backwards compatibility, but their use is discouraged.
** In the "v2" interfaces, the prepared statement
** that is returned (the [sqlite3_stmt] object) contains a copy of the 
** original SQL text. This causes the [sqlite3_step()] interface to
** behave a differently in two ways:
**
** <ol>
** <li>
** If the database schema changes, instead of returning [SQLITE_SCHEMA] as it
** always used to do, [sqlite3_step()] will automatically recompile the SQL
** statement and try to run it again.  If the schema has changed in a way
** that makes the statement no longer valid, [sqlite3_step()] will still
** return [SQLITE_SCHEMA].  But unlike the legacy behavior, [SQLITE_SCHEMA] is
** now a fatal error.  Calling [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] again will not make the
** error go away.  Note: use [sqlite3_errmsg()] to find the text of the parsing
** error that results in an [SQLITE_SCHEMA] return.
** </li>
**
** <li>
** When an error occurs, 
** [sqlite3_step()] will return one of the detailed 
** [SQLITE_ERROR | result codes] or
** [SQLITE_IOERR_READ | extended result codes] such as directly.
** The legacy behavior was that [sqlite3_step()] would only return a generic
** [SQLITE_ERROR] result code and you would have to make a second call to
** [sqlite3_reset()] in order to find the underlying cause of the problem.
** With the "v2" prepare interfaces, the underlying reason for the error is
** returned immediately.
** </li>
** </ol>
*/
int sqlite3_prepare(
  sqlite3 *db,            /* Database handle */
  const char *zSql,       /* SQL statement, UTF-8 encoded */
  int nBytes,             /* Length of zSql in bytes. */
  sqlite3_stmt **ppStmt,  /* OUT: Statement handle */
  const char **pzTail     /* OUT: Pointer to unused portion of zSql */
);
int sqlite3_prepare_v2(
  sqlite3 *db,            /* Database handle */
  const char *zSql,       /* SQL statement, UTF-8 encoded */
  int nBytes,             /* Length of zSql in bytes. */
  sqlite3_stmt **ppStmt,  /* OUT: Statement handle */
  const char **pzTail     /* OUT: Pointer to unused portion of zSql */
);
int sqlite3_prepare16(
  sqlite3 *db,            /* Database handle */
  const void *zSql,       /* SQL statement, UTF-16 encoded */
  int nBytes,             /* Length of zSql in bytes. */
  sqlite3_stmt **ppStmt,  /* OUT: Statement handle */
  const void **pzTail     /* OUT: Pointer to unused portion of zSql */
);


















int sqlite3_prepare16_v2(
  sqlite3 *db,            /* Database handle */
  const void *zSql,       /* SQL statement, UTF-16 encoded */
  int nBytes,             /* Length of zSql in bytes. */
  sqlite3_stmt **ppStmt,  /* OUT: Statement handle */
  const void **pzTail     /* OUT: Pointer to unused portion of zSql */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF:  Dynamically Typed Value Object
**
** SQLite uses dynamic typing for the values it stores.  Values can 
** be integers, floating point values, strings, BLOBs, or NULL.  When
** passing around values internally, each value is represented as
** an instance of the sqlite3_value object.
*/

typedef struct Mem sqlite3_value;

/*
** CAPI3REF:  SQL Function Context Object
**
** The context in which an SQL function executes is stored in an
** sqlite3_context object.  A pointer to such an object is the
** first parameter to user-defined SQL functions.
*/
typedef struct sqlite3_context sqlite3_context;

/*
** CAPI3REF:  Binding Values To Prepared Statements
**
** In the SQL strings input to [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] and its variants,
** one or more literals can be replace by a parameter in one of these

** forms:
**
** <ul>
** <li>  ?
** <li>  ?NNN
** <li>  :AAA
** <li>  @AAA
** <li>  $VVV
** </ul>
**
** In the parameter forms shown above NNN is an integer literal,
** AAA is an alphanumeric identifier and VVV is a variable name according
** to the syntax rules of the TCL programming language.
** The values of these parameters (also called "host parameter names")

** can be set using the sqlite3_bind_*() routines defined here.
**







** The first argument to the sqlite3_bind_*() routines always is a pointer
** to the [sqlite3_stmt] object returned from [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] or
** its variants.  The second
** argument is the index of the parameter to be set.  The first parameter has
** an index of 1. When the same named parameter is used more than once, second
** and subsequent
** occurrences have the same index as the first occurrence.  The index for
** named parameters can be looked up using the
** [sqlite3_bind_parameter_name()] API if desired.  The index for "?NNN"
** parametes is the value of NNN.
** The NNN value must be between 1 and the compile-time
** parameter SQLITE_MAX_VARIABLE_NUMBER (default value: 999).
** See <a href="limits.html">limits.html</a> for additional information.
**
** The third argument is the value to bind to the parameter.
**
** In those
** routines that have a fourth argument, its value is the number of bytes
** in the parameter.  To be clear: the value is the number of bytes in the
** string, not the number of characters.  The number
** of bytes does not include the zero-terminator at the end of strings.
** If the fourth parameter is negative, the length of the string is
** number of bytes up to the first zero terminator.
**
** The fifth argument to sqlite3_bind_blob(), sqlite3_bind_text(), and
** sqlite3_bind_text16() is a destructor used to dispose of the BLOB or
** text after SQLite has finished with it.  If the fifth argument is the
** special value [SQLITE_STATIC], then the library assumes that the information
** is in static, unmanaged space and does not need to be freed.  If the
** fifth argument has the value [SQLITE_TRANSIENT], then SQLite makes its
** own private copy of the data immediately, before the sqlite3_bind_*()
** routine returns.
**



** The sqlite3_bind_zeroblob() routine binds a BLOB of length n that
** is filled with zeros.  A zeroblob uses a fixed amount of memory
** (just an integer to hold it size) while it is being processed.
** Zeroblobs are intended to serve as place-holders for BLOBs whose
** content is later written using 
** [sqlite3_blob_open | increment BLOB I/O] routines.
**
** The sqlite3_bind_*() routines must be called after
** [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] (and its variants) or [sqlite3_reset()] and
** before [sqlite3_step()].
** Bindings are not cleared by the [sqlite3_reset()] routine.
** Unbound parameters are interpreted as NULL.
**
** These routines return [SQLITE_OK] on success or an error code if
** anything goes wrong.  [SQLITE_RANGE] is returned if the parameter
** index is out of range.  [SQLITE_NOMEM] is returned if malloc fails.
** [SQLITE_MISUSE] is returned if these routines are called on a virtual
** machine that is the wrong state or which has already been finalized.
*/
int sqlite3_bind_blob(sqlite3_stmt*, int, const void*, int n, void(*)(void*));
int sqlite3_bind_double(sqlite3_stmt*, int, double);
int sqlite3_bind_int(sqlite3_stmt*, int, int);
int sqlite3_bind_int64(sqlite3_stmt*, int, sqlite_int64);
int sqlite3_bind_null(sqlite3_stmt*, int);
int sqlite3_bind_text(sqlite3_stmt*, int, const char*, int n, void(*)(void*));
int sqlite3_bind_text16(sqlite3_stmt*, int, const void*, int, void(*)(void*));
int sqlite3_bind_value(sqlite3_stmt*, int, const sqlite3_value*);
int sqlite3_bind_zeroblob(sqlite3_stmt*, int, int n);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Number Of Host Parameters
**
** Return the largest host parameter index in the precompiled statement given
** as the argument.  When the host parameters are of the forms like ":AAA"
** or "?", then they are assigned sequential increasing numbers beginning
** with one, so the value returned is the number of parameters.  However
** if the same host parameter name is used multiple times, each occurrance
** is given the same number, so the value returned in that case is the number
** of unique host parameter names.  If host parameters of the form "?NNN"
** are used (where NNN is an integer) then there might be gaps in the
** numbering and the value returned by this interface is the index of the
** host parameter with the largest index value.
*/
int sqlite3_bind_parameter_count(sqlite3_stmt*);

/*



** CAPI3REF: Name Of A Host Parameter
**
** This routine returns a pointer to the name of the n-th parameter in a 
** [sqlite3_stmt | prepared statement].
** Host parameters of the form ":AAA" or "@AAA" or "$VVV" have a name
** which is the string ":AAA" or "@AAA" or "$VVV".  
** In other words, the initial ":" or "$" or "@"
** is included as part of the name.
** Parameters of the form "?" or "?NNN" have no name.
**
** The first bound parameter has an index of 1, not 0.
**
** If the value n is out of range or if the n-th parameter is nameless,
** then NULL is returned.  The returned string is always in the
** UTF-8 encoding even if the named parameter was originally specified
** as UTF-16 in [sqlite3_prepare16()] or [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()].
*/
const char *sqlite3_bind_parameter_name(sqlite3_stmt*, int);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Index Of A Parameter With A Given Name
**
** This routine returns the index of a host parameter with the given name.
** The name must match exactly.  If no parameter with the given name is 

** found, return 0.  Parameter names must be UTF8.
*/
int sqlite3_bind_parameter_index(sqlite3_stmt*, const char *zName);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Reset All Bindings On A Prepared Statement
**
** Contrary to the intuition of many, [sqlite3_reset()] does not
** reset the [sqlite3_bind_blob | bindings] on a 
** [sqlite3_stmt | prepared statement].  Use this routine to
** reset all host parameters to NULL.
*/
int sqlite3_clear_bindings(sqlite3_stmt*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Number Of Columns In A Result Set
**
** Return the number of columns in the result set returned by the 
** [sqlite3_stmt | compiled SQL statement]. This routine returns 0
** if pStmt is an SQL statement that does not return data (for 
** example an UPDATE).
*/
int sqlite3_column_count(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Column Names In A Result Set
**
** These routines return the name assigned to a particular column
** in the result set of a SELECT statement.  The sqlite3_column_name()
** interface returns a pointer to a UTF8 string and sqlite3_column_name16()
** returns a pointer to a UTF16 string.  The first parameter is the
** [sqlite_stmt | prepared statement] that implements the SELECT statement.
** The second parameter is the column number.  The left-most column is
** number 0.
**
** The returned string pointer is valid until either the 
** [sqlite_stmt | prepared statement] is destroyed by [sqlite3_finalize()]
** or until the next call sqlite3_column_name() or sqlite3_column_name16()
** on the same column.
*/
const char *sqlite3_column_name(sqlite3_stmt*, int N);
const void *sqlite3_column_name16(sqlite3_stmt*, int N);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Source Of Data In A Query Result
**
** These routines provide a means to determine what column of what
** table in which database a result of a SELECT statement comes from.
** The name of the database or table or column can be returned as
** either a UTF8 or UTF16 string.  The returned string is valid until
** the [sqlite3_stmt | prepared statement] is destroyed using
** [sqlite3_finalize()] or until the same information is requested
** again about the same column.
**
** The first argument to the following calls is a 
** [sqlite3_stmt | compiled SQL statement].
** These functions return information about the Nth column returned by 
** the statement, where N is the second function argument.
**
** If the Nth column returned by the statement is an expression
** or subquery and is not a column value, then all of these functions
** return NULL. Otherwise, they return the 
** name of the attached database, table and column that query result

** column was extracted from.
**
** As with all other SQLite APIs, those postfixed with "16" return UTF-16
** encoded strings, the other functions return UTF-8.

**
** These APIs are only available if the library was compiled with the 
** SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA preprocessor symbol defined.
*/
const char *sqlite3_column_database_name(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
const void *sqlite3_column_database_name16(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
const char *sqlite3_column_table_name(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
const void *sqlite3_column_table_name16(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
const char *sqlite3_column_origin_name(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
const void *sqlite3_column_origin_name16(sqlite3_stmt*,int);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Declared Datatype Of A Query Result
**
** The first parameter is a [sqlite3_stmt | compiled SQL statement]. 

** If this statement is a SELECT statement and the Nth column of the 
** returned result set  of that SELECT is a table column (not an
** expression or subquery) then the declared type of the table
** column is returned. If the Nth column of the result set is an
** expression or subquery, then a NULL pointer is returned.
** The returned string is always UTF-8 encoded. For example, in
** the database schema:
**
** CREATE TABLE t1(c1 VARIANT);
**
** And the following statement compiled:
**
** SELECT c1 + 1, c1 FROM t1;
**
** Then this routine would return the string "VARIANT" for the second
** result column (i==1), and a NULL pointer for the first result column
** (i==0).










**









** SQLite uses dynamic run-time typing.  So just because a column
** is declared to contain a particular type does not mean that the
** data stored in that column is of the declared type.  SQLite is
** strongly typed, but the typing is dynamic not static.  Type
** is associated with individual values, not with the containers
** used to hold those values.
*/
const char *sqlite3_column_decltype(sqlite3_stmt *, int i);
const void *sqlite3_column_decltype16(sqlite3_stmt*,int);

/* 
** CAPI3REF:  Evaluate An SQL Statement
**
** After an [sqlite3_stmt | SQL statement] has been prepared with a call
** to either [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] or [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()] or to one of
** the legacy interfaces [sqlite3_prepare()] or [sqlite3_prepare16()],
** then this function must be called one or more times to evaluate the 
** statement.
**
** The details of the behavior of this sqlite3_step() interface depend
** on whether the statement was prepared using the newer "v2" interface
** [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] and [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()] or the older legacy
** interface [sqlite3_prepare()] and [sqlite3_prepare16()].  The use of the
** new "v2" interface is recommended for new applications but the legacy
** interface will continue to be supported.
**
** In the lagacy interface, the return value will be either [SQLITE_BUSY], 

** [SQLITE_DONE], [SQLITE_ROW], [SQLITE_ERROR], or [SQLITE_MISUSE].
** With the "v2" interface, any of the other [SQLITE_OK | result code]
** or [SQLITE_IOERR_READ | extended result code] might be returned as
** well.
**
** [SQLITE_BUSY] means that the database engine was unable to acquire the


** database locks it needs to do its job.  If the statement is a COMMIT
** or occurs outside of an explicit transaction, then you can retry the
** statement.  If the statement is not a COMMIT and occurs within a
** explicit transaction then you should rollback the transaction before
** continuing.
**
** [SQLITE_DONE] means that the statement has finished executing
** successfully.  sqlite3_step() should not be called again on this virtual
** machine without first calling [sqlite3_reset()] to reset the virtual
** machine back to its initial state.
**
** If the SQL statement being executed returns any data, then 
** [SQLITE_ROW] is returned each time a new row of data is ready
** for processing by the caller. The values may be accessed using

** the [sqlite3_column_int | column access functions].
** sqlite3_step() is called again to retrieve the next row of data.
** 
** [SQLITE_ERROR] means that a run-time error (such as a constraint
** violation) has occurred.  sqlite3_step() should not be called again on
** the VM. More information may be found by calling [sqlite3_errmsg()].
** With the legacy interface, a more specific error code (example:
** [SQLITE_INTERRUPT], [SQLITE_SCHEMA], [SQLITE_CORRUPT], and so forth)
** can be obtained by calling [sqlite3_reset()] on the
** [sqlite_stmt | prepared statement].  In the "v2" interface,
** the more specific error code is returned directly by sqlite3_step().
**
** [SQLITE_MISUSE] means that the this routine was called inappropriately.
** Perhaps it was called on a [sqlite_stmt | prepared statement] that has



** already been [sqlite3_finalize | finalized] or on one that had 
** previously returned [SQLITE_ERROR] or [SQLITE_DONE].  Or it could
** be the case that the same database connection is being used by two or
** more threads at the same moment in time.
**
** <b>Goofy Interface Alert:</b>
** In the legacy interface, 
** the sqlite3_step() API always returns a generic error code,
** [SQLITE_ERROR], following any error other than [SQLITE_BUSY]
** and [SQLITE_MISUSE].  You must call [sqlite3_reset()] or
** [sqlite3_finalize()] in order to find one of the specific
** [SQLITE_ERROR | result codes] that better describes the error.
** We admit that this is a goofy design.  The problem has been fixed
** with the "v2" interface.  If you prepare all of your SQL statements
** using either [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] or [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()] instead
** of the legacy [sqlite3_prepare()] and [sqlite3_prepare16()], then the 
** more specific [SQLITE_ERROR | result codes] are returned directly
** by sqlite3_step().  The use of the "v2" interface is recommended.
*/
int sqlite3_step(sqlite3_stmt*);

/*
** CAPI3REF:
**
** Return the number of values in the current row of the result set.
**
** After a call to [sqlite3_step()] that returns [SQLITE_ROW], this routine
** will return the same value as the [sqlite3_column_count()] function.
** After [sqlite3_step()] has returned an [SQLITE_DONE], [SQLITE_BUSY], or
** a [SQLITE_ERROR | error code], or before [sqlite3_step()] has been 
** called on the [sqlite_stmt | prepared statement] for the first time,
** this routine returns zero.
*/
int sqlite3_data_count(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Fundamental Datatypes
**
** Every value in SQLite has one of five fundamental datatypes:
**
** <ul>
** <li> 64-bit signed integer
** <li> 64-bit IEEE floating point number
** <li> string
** <li> BLOB
** <li> NULL
** </ul>
**
** These constants are codes for each of those types.
**
** Note that the SQLITE_TEXT constant was also used in SQLite version 2
** for a completely different meaning.  Software that links against both
** SQLite version 2 and SQLite version 3 should use SQLITE3_TEXT not
** SQLITE_TEXT.
*/
#define SQLITE_INTEGER  1
#define SQLITE_FLOAT    2

#define SQLITE_BLOB     4
#define SQLITE_NULL     5






#ifdef SQLITE_TEXT
# undef SQLITE_TEXT
#else
# define SQLITE_TEXT     3
#endif
#define SQLITE3_TEXT     3

/*
** CAPI3REF: Results Values From A Query
**
** These routines return information about the information
** in a single column of the current result row of a query.  In every
** case the first argument is a pointer to the 
** [sqlite3_stmt | SQL statement] that is being
** evaluate (the [sqlite_stmt*] that was returned from 
** [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] or one of its variants) and
** the second argument is the index of the column for which information 
** should be returned.  The left-most column has an index of 0.
**
** If the SQL statement is not currently point to a valid row, or if the
** the column index is out of range, the result is undefined.
**
** The sqlite3_column_type() routine returns 
** [SQLITE_INTEGER | datatype code] for the initial data type
** of the result column.  The returned value is one of [SQLITE_INTEGER],
** [SQLITE_FLOAT], [SQLITE_TEXT], [SQLITE_BLOB], or [SQLITE_NULL].  The value
** returned by sqlite3_column_type() is only meaningful if no type
** conversions have occurred as described below.  After a type conversion,
** the value returned by sqlite3_column_type() is undefined.  Future
** versions of SQLite may change the behavior of sqlite3_column_type()
** following a type conversion.
**
*** The sqlite3_column_nm
**
** If the result is a BLOB or UTF-8 string then the sqlite3_column_bytes() 
** routine returns the number of bytes in that BLOB or string.
** If the result is a UTF-16 string, then sqlite3_column_bytes() converts
** the string to UTF-8 and then returns the number of bytes.
** If the result is a numeric value then sqlite3_column_bytes() uses
** [sqlite3_snprintf()] to convert that value to a UTF-8 string and returns
** the number of bytes in that string.
** The value returned does not include the zero terminator at the end
** of the string.  For clarity: the value returned is the number of
** bytes in the string, not the number of characters.
**
** The sqlite3_column_bytes16() routine is similar to sqlite3_column_bytes()
** but leaves the result in UTF-16 instead of UTF-8.  
** The zero terminator is not included in this count.
**
** These routines attempt to convert the value where appropriate.  For
** example, if the internal representation is FLOAT and a text result
** is requested, [sqlite3_snprintf()] is used internally to do the conversion
** automatically.  The following table details the conversions that
** are applied:
**
** <blockquote>
** <table border="1">
** <tr><th> Internal <th> Requested <th> 
** <tr><th>  Type    <th>    Type   <th> Conversion
**
** <tr><td>  NULL    <td> INTEGER   <td> Result is 0
** <tr><td>  NULL    <td>  FLOAT    <td> Result is 0.0
** <tr><td>  NULL    <td>   TEXT    <td> Result is NULL pointer
** <tr><td>  NULL    <td>   BLOB    <td> Result is NULL pointer
** <tr><td> INTEGER  <td>  FLOAT    <td> Convert from integer to float
** <tr><td> INTEGER  <td>   TEXT    <td> ASCII rendering of the integer
** <tr><td> INTEGER  <td>   BLOB    <td> Same as for INTEGER->TEXT
** <tr><td>  FLOAT   <td> INTEGER   <td> Convert from float to integer
** <tr><td>  FLOAT   <td>   TEXT    <td> ASCII rendering of the float
** <tr><td>  FLOAT   <td>   BLOB    <td> Same as FLOAT->TEXT
** <tr><td>  TEXT    <td> INTEGER   <td> Use atoi()
** <tr><td>  TEXT    <td>  FLOAT    <td> Use atof()
** <tr><td>  TEXT    <td>   BLOB    <td> No change
** <tr><td>  BLOB    <td> INTEGER   <td> Convert to TEXT then use atoi()
** <tr><td>  BLOB    <td>  FLOAT    <td> Convert to TEXT then use atof()
** <tr><td>  BLOB    <td>   TEXT    <td> Add a zero terminator if needed
** </table>
** </blockquote>
**
** The table above makes reference to standard C library functions atoi()
** and atof().  SQLite does not really use these functions.  It has its
** on equavalent internal routines.  The atoi() and atof() names are
** used in the table for brevity and because they are familiar to most
** C programmers.
**
** Note that when type conversions occur, pointers returned by prior
** calls to sqlite3_column_blob(), sqlite3_column_text(), and/or
** sqlite3_column_text16() may be invalidated. 
** Type conversions and pointer invalidations might occur
** in the following cases:
**
** <ul>
** <li><p>  The initial content is a BLOB and sqlite3_column_text() 
**          or sqlite3_column_text16() is called.  A zero-terminator might
**          need to be added to the string.</p></li>
**
** <li><p>  The initial content is UTF-8 text and sqlite3_column_bytes16() or
**          sqlite3_column_text16() is called.  The content must be converted
**          to UTF-16.</p></li>
**
** <li><p>  The initial content is UTF-16 text and sqlite3_column_bytes() or
**          sqlite3_column_text() is called.  The content must be converted
**          to UTF-8.</p></li>
** </ul>
**
** Conversions between UTF-16be and UTF-16le are always done in place and do
** not invalidate a prior pointer, though of course the content of the buffer
** that the prior pointer points to will have been modified.  Other kinds
** of conversion are done in place when it is possible, but sometime it is
** not possible and in those cases prior pointers are invalidated.  
**
** The safest and easiest to remember policy is to invoke these routines
** in one of the following ways:
**
**  <ul>
**  <li>sqlite3_column_text() followed by sqlite3_column_bytes()</li>
**  <li>sqlite3_column_blob() followed by sqlite3_column_bytes()</li>
**  <li>sqlite3_column_text16() followed by sqlite3_column_bytes16()</li>
**  </ul>
**
** In other words, you should call sqlite3_column_text(), sqlite3_column_blob(),
** or sqlite3_column_text16() first to force the result into the desired
** format, then invoke sqlite3_column_bytes() or sqlite3_column_bytes16() to
** find the size of the result.  Do not mix call to sqlite3_column_text() or
** sqlite3_column_blob() with calls to sqlite3_column_bytes16().  And do not
** mix calls to sqlite3_column_text16() with calls to sqlite3_column_bytes().
*/
const void *sqlite3_column_blob(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
int sqlite3_column_bytes(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
int sqlite3_column_bytes16(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
double sqlite3_column_double(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
int sqlite3_column_int(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
sqlite_int64 sqlite3_column_int64(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
const unsigned char *sqlite3_column_text(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
const void *sqlite3_column_text16(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
int sqlite3_column_type(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
sqlite3_value *sqlite3_column_value(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Destroy A Prepared Statement Object
**
** The sqlite3_finalize() function is called to delete a 


** [sqlite3_stmt | compiled SQL statement]. If the statement was
** executed successfully, or not executed at all, then SQLITE_OK is returned.
** If execution of the statement failed then an 
** [SQLITE_ERROR | error code] or [SQLITE_IOERR_READ | extended error code]
** is returned. 
**
** This routine can be called at any point during the execution of the
** [sqlite3_stmt | virtual machine].  If the virtual machine has not 
** completed execution when this routine is called, that is like
** encountering an error or an interrupt.  (See [sqlite3_interrupt()].) 
** Incomplete updates may be rolled back and transactions cancelled,  
** depending on the circumstances, and the 

** [SQLITE_ERROR | result code] returned will be [SQLITE_ABORT].
*/
int sqlite3_finalize(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Reset A Prepared Statement Object
**
** The sqlite3_reset() function is called to reset a 

** [sqlite_stmt | compiled SQL statement] object.
** back to it's initial state, ready to be re-executed.
** Any SQL statement variables that had values bound to them using

** the [sqlite3_bind_blob | sqlite3_bind_*() API] retain their values.
** Use [sqlite3_clear_bindings()] to reset the bindings.
*/
int sqlite3_reset(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Create Or Redefine SQL Functions
**
** The following two functions are used to add SQL functions or aggregates

** or to redefine the behavior of existing SQL functions or aggregates.  The
** difference only between the two is that the second parameter, the
** name of the (scalar) function or aggregate, is encoded in UTF-8 for
** sqlite3_create_function() and UTF-16 for sqlite3_create_function16().
**
** The first argument is the [sqlite3 | database handle] that holds the
** SQL function or aggregate is to be added or redefined. If a single
** program uses more than one database handle internally, then SQL
** functions or aggregates must be added individually to each database
** handle with which they will be used.
**
** The second parameter is the name of the SQL function to be created
** or redefined.
** The length of the name is limited to 255 bytes, exclusive of the 
** zero-terminator.  Note that the name length limit is in bytes, not
** characters.  Any attempt to create a function with a longer name
** will result in an SQLITE_ERROR error.
**
** The third parameter is the number of arguments that the SQL function or
** aggregate takes. If this parameter is negative, then the SQL function or
** aggregate may take any number of arguments.
**
** The fourth parameter, eTextRep, specifies what 


** [SQLITE_UTF8 | text encoding] this SQL function prefers for
** its parameters.  Any SQL function implementation should be able to work
** work with UTF-8, UTF-16le, or UTF-16be.  But some implementations may be
** more efficient with one encoding than another.  It is allowed to
** invoke sqlite_create_function() or sqlite3_create_function16() multiple
** times with the same function but with different values of eTextRep.
** When multiple implementations of the same function are available, SQLite


** will pick the one that involves the least amount of data conversion.
** If there is only a single implementation which does not care what
** text encoding is used, then the fourth argument should be
** [SQLITE_ANY].
**
** The fifth parameter is an arbitrary pointer.  The implementation
** of the function can gain access to this pointer using
** [sqlite_user_data()].
**
** The seventh, eighth and ninth parameters, xFunc, xStep and xFinal, are
** pointers to C-language functions that implement the SQL
** function or aggregate. A scalar SQL function requires an implementation of
** the xFunc callback only, NULL pointers should be passed as the xStep
** and xFinal parameters. An aggregate SQL function requires an implementation
** of xStep and xFinal and NULL should be passed for xFunc. To delete an
** existing SQL function or aggregate, pass NULL for all three function



** callback.
**
** It is permitted to register multiple implementations of the same
** functions with the same name but with either differing numbers of
** arguments or differing perferred text encodings.  SQLite will use
** the implementation most closely matches the way in which the
** SQL function is used.
*/
int sqlite3_create_function(
  sqlite3 *,
  const char *zFunctionName,
  int nArg,
  int eTextRep,
  void*,
................................................................................
  void*,
  void (*xFunc)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**),
  void (*xStep)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**),
  void (*xFinal)(sqlite3_context*)
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Text Encodings
**
** These constant define integer codes that represent the various
** text encodings supported by SQLite.
*/
#define SQLITE_UTF8           1
#define SQLITE_UTF16LE        2
#define SQLITE_UTF16BE        3
#define SQLITE_UTF16          4    /* Use native byte order */
#define SQLITE_ANY            5    /* sqlite3_create_function only */
#define SQLITE_UTF16_ALIGNED  8    /* sqlite3_create_collation only */

/*
** CAPI3REF: Obsolete Functions
**
** These functions are all now obsolete.  In order to maintain
** backwards compatibility with older code, we continue to support
** these functions.  However, new development projects should avoid
** the use of these functions.  To help encourage people to avoid
** using these functions, we are not going to tell you want they do.
*/
int sqlite3_aggregate_count(sqlite3_context*);
int sqlite3_expired(sqlite3_stmt*);
int sqlite3_transfer_bindings(sqlite3_stmt*, sqlite3_stmt*);
int sqlite3_global_recover(void);


/*



** CAPI3REF: Obtaining SQL Function Parameter Values
**
** The C-language implementation of SQL functions and aggregates uses
** this set of interface routines to access the parameter values on
** the function or aggregate.
**
** The xFunc (for scalar functions) or xStep (for aggregates) parameters
** to [sqlite3_create_function()] and [sqlite3_create_function16()]
** define callbacks that implement the SQL functions and aggregates.
** The 4th parameter to these callbacks is an array of pointers to
** [sqlite3_value] objects.  There is one [sqlite3_value] object for
** each parameter to the SQL function.  These routines are used to
** extract values from the [sqlite3_value] objects.
**
** These routines work just like the corresponding 
** [sqlite3_column_blob | sqlite3_column_* routines] except that 
** these routines take a single [sqlite3_value*] pointer instead


** of an [sqlite3_stmt*] pointer and an integer column number.
**
** The sqlite3_value_text16() interface extracts a UTF16 string
** in the native byte-order of the host machine.  The
** sqlite3_value_text16be() and sqlite3_value_text16le() interfaces
** extract UTF16 strings as big-endian and little-endian respectively.
**
** The sqlite3_value_numeric_type() interface attempts to apply
** numeric affinity to the value.  This means that an attempt is
** made to convert the value to an integer or floating point.  If
** such a conversion is possible without loss of information (in order
** words if the value is original a string that looks like a number)
** then it is done.  Otherwise no conversion occurs.  The 
** [SQLITE_INTEGER | datatype] after conversion is returned.
**
** Please pay particular attention to the fact that the pointer that
** is returned from [sqlite3_value_blob()], [sqlite3_value_text()], or
** [sqlite3_value_text16()] can be invalidated by a subsequent call to
** [sqlite3_value_bytes()], [sqlite3_value_bytes16()], [sqlite_value_text()],
** or [sqlite3_value_text16()].  
*/
const void *sqlite3_value_blob(sqlite3_value*);
int sqlite3_value_bytes(sqlite3_value*);
int sqlite3_value_bytes16(sqlite3_value*);
double sqlite3_value_double(sqlite3_value*);
int sqlite3_value_int(sqlite3_value*);
sqlite_int64 sqlite3_value_int64(sqlite3_value*);
................................................................................
const void *sqlite3_value_text16(sqlite3_value*);
const void *sqlite3_value_text16le(sqlite3_value*);
const void *sqlite3_value_text16be(sqlite3_value*);
int sqlite3_value_type(sqlite3_value*);
int sqlite3_value_numeric_type(sqlite3_value*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Obtain Aggregate Function Context
**
** The implementation of aggregate SQL functions use this routine to allocate
** a structure for storing their state.  The first time this routine
** is called for a particular aggregate, a new structure of size nBytes
** is allocated, zeroed, and returned.  On subsequent calls (for the
** same aggregate instance) the same buffer is returned.  The implementation
** of the aggregate can use the returned buffer to accumulate data.
**
** The buffer allocated is freed automatically by SQLite whan the aggregate
** query concludes.
**
** The first parameter should be a copy of the 
** [sqlite3_context | SQL function context] that is the first
** parameter to the callback routine that implements the aggregate
** function.
*/
void *sqlite3_aggregate_context(sqlite3_context*, int nBytes);

/*
** CAPI3REF: User Data For Functions
**
** The pUserData parameter to the [sqlite3_create_function()]
** and [sqlite3_create_function16()] routines
** used to register user functions is available to
** the implementation of the function using this call.
*/
void *sqlite3_user_data(sqlite3_context*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Function Auxiliary Data
**
** The following two functions may be used by scalar SQL functions to
** associate meta-data with argument values. If the same value is passed to
** multiple invocations of the same SQL function during query execution, under
** some circumstances the associated meta-data may be preserved. This may
** be used, for example, to add a regular-expression matching scalar
** function. The compiled version of the regular expression is stored as
** meta-data associated with the SQL value passed as the regular expression
** pattern.  The compiled regular expression can be reused on multiple
** invocations of the same function so that the original pattern string
** does not need to be recompiled on each invocation.
**

** The sqlite3_get_auxdata() interface returns a pointer to the meta-data
** associated with the Nth argument value to the current SQL function
** call, where N is the second parameter. If no meta-data has been set for
** that value, then a NULL pointer is returned.
**
** The sqlite3_set_auxdata() is used to associate meta-data with an SQL
** function argument. The third parameter is a pointer to the meta-data
** to be associated with the Nth user function argument value. The fourth
** parameter specifies a destructor that will be called on the meta-
** data pointer to release it when it is no longer required. If the 
** destructor is NULL, it is not invoked.
**
** In practice, meta-data is preserved between function calls for
** expressions that are constant at compile time. This includes literal
** values and SQL variables.
*/
void *sqlite3_get_auxdata(sqlite3_context*, int);
void sqlite3_set_auxdata(sqlite3_context*, int, void*, void (*)(void*));


/*
** CAPI3REF: Constants Defining Special Destructor Behavior
**
** These are special value for the destructor that is passed in as the
** final argument to routines like [sqlite3_result_blob()].  If the destructor
** argument is SQLITE_STATIC, it means that the content pointer is constant
** and will never change.  It does not need to be destroyed.  The 
** SQLITE_TRANSIENT value means that the content will likely change in
** the near future and that SQLite should make its own private copy of
** the content before returning.
**
** The typedef is necessary to work around problems in certain
................................................................................
** C++ compilers.  See ticket #2191.
*/
typedef void (*sqlite3_destructor_type)(void*);
#define SQLITE_STATIC      ((sqlite3_destructor_type)0)
#define SQLITE_TRANSIENT   ((sqlite3_destructor_type)-1)

/*
** CAPI3REF: Setting The Result Of An SQL Function
**
** These routines are used by the xFunc or xFinal callbacks that
** implement SQL functions and aggregates.  See
** [sqlite3_create_function()] and [sqlite3_create_function16()]
** for additional information.
**
** These functions work very much like the 
** [sqlite3_bind_blob | sqlite3_bind_*] family of functions used
** to bind values to host parameters in prepared statements.
** Refer to the
** [sqlite3_bind_blob | sqlite3_bind_* documentation] for
** additional information.
**
** The sqlite3_result_error() and sqlite3_result_error16() functions
** cause the implemented SQL function to throw an exception.  The
** parameter to sqlite3_result_error() or sqlite3_result_error16()
** is the text of an error message.
**
** The sqlite3_result_toobig() cause the function implementation
** to throw and error indicating that a string or BLOB is to long
** to represent.
*/
void sqlite3_result_blob(sqlite3_context*, const void*, int, void(*)(void*));
void sqlite3_result_double(sqlite3_context*, double);
void sqlite3_result_error(sqlite3_context*, const char*, int);
void sqlite3_result_error16(sqlite3_context*, const void*, int);
void sqlite3_result_error_toobig(sqlite3_context*);
void sqlite3_result_int(sqlite3_context*, int);
void sqlite3_result_int64(sqlite3_context*, sqlite_int64);
void sqlite3_result_null(sqlite3_context*);
void sqlite3_result_text(sqlite3_context*, const char*, int, void(*)(void*));
void sqlite3_result_text16(sqlite3_context*, const void*, int, void(*)(void*));
void sqlite3_result_text16le(sqlite3_context*, const void*, int,void(*)(void*));
void sqlite3_result_text16be(sqlite3_context*, const void*, int,void(*)(void*));
void sqlite3_result_value(sqlite3_context*, sqlite3_value*);
void sqlite3_result_zeroblob(sqlite3_context*, int n);


/*


** CAPI3REF: Define New Collating Sequences
**








** These functions are used to add new collation sequences to the
** [sqlite3*] handle specified as the first argument. 
**
** The name of the new collation sequence is specified as a UTF-8 string
** for sqlite3_create_collation() and sqlite3_create_collation_v2()
** and a UTF-16 string for sqlite3_create_collation16().  In all cases
** the name is passed as the second function argument.
**
** The third argument must be one of the constants [SQLITE_UTF8],
** [SQLITE_UTF16LE] or [SQLITE_UTF16BE], indicating that the user-supplied
** routine expects to be passed pointers to strings encoded using UTF-8,
** UTF-16 little-endian or UTF-16 big-endian respectively.
**
** A pointer to the user supplied routine must be passed as the fifth
** argument. If it is NULL, this is the same as deleting the collation
** sequence (so that SQLite cannot call it anymore). Each time the user
** supplied function is invoked, it is passed a copy of the void* passed as
................................................................................
**
** The remaining arguments to the user-supplied routine are two strings,
** each represented by a [length, data] pair and encoded in the encoding
** that was passed as the third argument when the collation sequence was
** registered. The user routine should return negative, zero or positive if
** the first string is less than, equal to, or greater than the second
** string. i.e. (STRING1 - STRING2).
**
** The sqlite3_create_collation_v2() works like sqlite3_create_collation()
** excapt that it takes an extra argument which is a destructor for
** the collation.  The destructor is called when the collation is
** destroyed and is passed a copy of the fourth parameter void* pointer
** of the sqlite3_create_collation_v2().  Collations are destroyed when
** they are overridden by later calls to the collation creation functions
** or when the [sqlite3*] database handle is closed using [sqlite3_close()].
**
** The sqlite3_create_collation_v2() interface is experimental and
** subject to change in future releases.  The other collation creation
** functions are stable.
*/
int sqlite3_create_collation(
  sqlite3*, 
  const char *zName, 
  int eTextRep, 
  void*,
  int(*xCompare)(void*,int,const void*,int,const void*)
);
int sqlite3_create_collation_v2(
  sqlite3*, 
  const char *zName, 
  int eTextRep, 
  void*,
  int(*xCompare)(void*,int,const void*,int,const void*),
  void(*xDestroy)(void*)
);
int sqlite3_create_collation16(
  sqlite3*, 
  const char *zName, 
  int eTextRep, 
  void*,
  int(*xCompare)(void*,int,const void*,int,const void*)
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Collation Needed Callbacks
**


























** To avoid having to register all collation sequences before a database
** can be used, a single callback function may be registered with the
** database handle to be called whenever an undefined collation sequence is
** required.
**
** If the function is registered using the sqlite3_collation_needed() API,
** then it is passed the names of undefined collation sequences as strings
** encoded in UTF-8. If sqlite3_collation_needed16() is used, the names
** are passed as UTF-16 in machine native byte order. A call to either
** function replaces any existing callback.
**
** When the callback is invoked, the first argument passed is a copy
** of the second argument to sqlite3_collation_needed() or
** sqlite3_collation_needed16(). The second argument is the database
** handle. The third argument is one of [SQLITE_UTF8], [SQLITE_UTF16BE], or
** [SQLITE_UTF16LE], indicating the most desirable form of the collation
** sequence function required. The fourth parameter is the name of the
** required collation sequence.
**
** The callback function should register the desired collation using
** [sqlite3_create_collation()], [sqlite3_create_collation16()], or
** [sqlite3_create_collation_v2()].
*/
int sqlite3_collation_needed(
  sqlite3*, 
  void*, 
  void(*)(void*,sqlite3*,int eTextRep,const char*)
);
int sqlite3_collation_needed16(
................................................................................
*/
int sqlite3_rekey(
  sqlite3 *db,                   /* Database to be rekeyed */
  const void *pKey, int nKey     /* The new key */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF:  Suspend Execution For A Short Time
**
** This function causes the current thread to suspect execution
** a number of milliseconds specified in its parameter.
**
** If the operating system does not support sleep requests with 
** millisecond time resolution, then the time will be rounded up to 
** the nearest second. The number of milliseconds of sleep actually 
** requested from the operating system is returned.
*/
int sqlite3_sleep(int);

/*
** CAPI3REF:  Name Of The Folder Holding Temporary Files





**













** If this global variable is made to point to a string which is
** the name of a folder (a.ka. directory), then all temporary files
** created by SQLite will be placed in that directory.  If this variable
** is NULL pointer, then SQLite does a search for an appropriate temporary
** file directory.
**
** Once [sqlite3_open()] has been called, changing this variable will
** invalidate the current temporary database, if any.  Generally speaking,
** it is not safe to invoke this routine after [sqlite3_open()] has
** been called.
*/
extern char *sqlite3_temp_directory;

/*
** CAPI3REF:  Test To See If The Databse Is In Auto-Commit Mode



**
















** Test to see whether or not the database connection is in autocommit
** mode.  Return TRUE if it is and FALSE if not.  Autocommit mode is on
** by default.  Autocommit is disabled by a BEGIN statement and reenabled
** by the next COMMIT or ROLLBACK.
*/
int sqlite3_get_autocommit(sqlite3*);

/*
** CAPI3REF:  Find The Database Handle Associated With A Prepared Statement
**
** Return the [sqlite3*] database handle to which a
** [sqlite3_stmt | prepared statement] belongs.
** This is the same database handle that was
** the first argument to the [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] or its variants
** that was used to create the statement in the first place.
*/
sqlite3 *sqlite3_db_handle(sqlite3_stmt*);


/*
** CAPI3REF: Commit And Rollback Notification Callbacks
**
** These routines
** register callback functions to be invoked whenever a transaction
** is committed or rolled back.  The pArg argument is passed through
** to the callback.  If the callback on a commit hook function 
** returns non-zero, then the commit is converted into a rollback.
**
** If another function was previously registered, its pArg value is returned.
** Otherwise NULL is returned.
**
** Registering a NULL function disables the callback.
**
** For the purposes of this API, a transaction is said to have been 
** rolled back if an explicit "ROLLBACK" statement is executed, or
** an error or constraint causes an implicit rollback to occur. The 
** callback is not invoked if a transaction is automatically rolled
** back because the database connection is closed.
**
** These are experimental interfaces and are subject to change.
*/
void *sqlite3_commit_hook(sqlite3*, int(*)(void*), void*);
void *sqlite3_rollback_hook(sqlite3*, void(*)(void *), void*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Data Change Notification Callbacks
**
** Register a callback function with the database connection identified by the 
** first argument to be invoked whenever a row is updated, inserted or deleted.
** Any callback set by a previous call to this function for the same 
** database connection is overridden.
**
** The second argument is a pointer to the function to invoke when a 
** row is updated, inserted or deleted. The first argument to the callback is
** a copy of the third argument to sqlite3_update_hook(). The second callback 
** argument is one of SQLITE_INSERT, SQLITE_DELETE or SQLITE_UPDATE, depending
** on the operation that caused the callback to be invoked. The third and 
** fourth arguments to the callback contain pointers to the database and 
** table name containing the affected row. The final callback parameter is 
** the rowid of the row. In the case of an update, this is the rowid after 
** the update takes place.
**
................................................................................
void *sqlite3_update_hook(
  sqlite3*, 
  void(*)(void *,int ,char const *,char const *,sqlite_int64),
  void*
);

/*
** CAPI3REF:  Enable Or Disable Shared Pager Cache

**
** This routine enables or disables the sharing of the database cache
** and schema data structures between connections to the same database.
** Sharing is enabled if the argument is true and disabled if the argument
** is false.

**
** Cache sharing is enabled and disabled on a thread-by-thread basis.
** Each call to this routine enables or disables cache sharing only for
** connections created in the same thread in which this routine is called.
** There is no mechanism for sharing cache between database connections
** running in different threads.

**
** Sharing must be disabled prior to shutting down a thread or else
** the thread will leak memory.  Call this routine with an argument of

** 0 to turn off sharing.  Or use the sqlite3_thread_cleanup() API.
**
** This routine must not be called when any database connections
** are active in the current thread.  Enabling or disabling shared
** cache while there are active database connections will result
** in memory corruption.
**
** When the shared cache is enabled, the
** following routines must always be called from the same thread:
** [sqlite3_open()], [sqlite3_prepare_v2()], [sqlite3_step()],
** [sqlite3_reset()], [sqlite3_finalize()], and [sqlite3_close()].
** This is due to the fact that the shared cache makes use of
** thread-specific storage so that it will be available for sharing
** with other connections.
**
** Virtual tables cannot be used with a shared cache.  When shared
** cache is enabled, the sqlite3_create_module() API used to register
** virtual tables will always return an error.
**
** This routine returns [SQLITE_OK] if shared cache was
** enabled or disabled successfully.  An [SQLITE_ERROR | error code]
** is returned otherwise.
**
** Shared cache is disabled by default for backward compatibility.
*/
int sqlite3_enable_shared_cache(int);

/*
** CAPI3REF:  Attempt To Free Heap Memory
**
** Attempt to free N bytes of heap memory by deallocating non-essential
** memory allocations held by the database library (example: memory 
** used to cache database pages to improve performance).
**
** This function is not a part of standard builds.  It is only created
** if SQLite is compiled with the SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT macro.
*/
int sqlite3_release_memory(int);

/*
** CAPI3REF:  Impose A Limit On Heap Size
**
** Place a "soft" limit on the amount of heap memory that may be allocated by
** SQLite within the current thread. If an internal allocation is requested 
** that would exceed the specified limit, [sqlite3_release_memory()] is invoked
** one or more times to free up some space before the allocation is made.
**
** The limit is called "soft", because if [sqlite3_release_memory()] cannot free
** sufficient memory to prevent the limit from being exceeded, the memory is
** allocated anyway and the current operation proceeds.
**
** Prior to shutting down a thread sqlite3_soft_heap_limit() must be set to 
** zero (the default) or else the thread will leak memory. Alternatively, use
** the [sqlite3_thread_cleanup()] API.
**
** A negative or zero value for N means that there is no soft heap limit and
** [sqlite3_release_memory()] will only be called when memory is exhaused.
** The default value for the soft heap limit is zero.
**
** SQLite makes a best effort to honor the soft heap limit.  But if it
** is unable to reduce memory usage below the soft limit, execution will
** continue without error or notification.  This is why the limit is 
** called a "soft" limit.  It is advisory only.
**
** This function is only available if the library was compiled with the 
** SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT option set.
** memory-management has been enabled.
*/
void sqlite3_soft_heap_limit(int);

/*
** CAPI3REF:  Clean Up Thread Local Storage
**
** This routine makes sure that all thread-local storage has been
** deallocated for the current thread.
**
** This routine is not technically necessary.  All thread-local storage
** will be automatically deallocated once memory-management and
** shared-cache are disabled and the soft heap limit has been set
** to zero.  This routine is provided as a convenience for users who
** want to make absolutely sure they have not forgotten something
** prior to killing off a thread.
*/
void sqlite3_thread_cleanup(void);

/*
** CAPI3REF:  Extract Metadata About A Column Of A Table
**
** This routine
** returns meta-data about a specific column of a specific database
** table accessible using the connection handle passed as the first function 
** argument.
**
** The column is identified by the second, third and fourth parameters to 
** this function. The second parameter is either the name of the database
** (i.e. "main", "temp" or an attached database) containing the specified
** table or NULL. If it is NULL, then all attached databases are searched
................................................................................
** may be NULL.
**
** Meta information is returned by writing to the memory locations passed as
** the 5th and subsequent parameters to this function. Any of these 
** arguments may be NULL, in which case the corresponding element of meta 
** information is ommitted.
**
** <pre>
** Parameter     Output Type      Description
** -----------------------------------
**
**   5th         const char*      Data type
**   6th         const char*      Name of the default collation sequence 
**   7th         int              True if the column has a NOT NULL constraint
**   8th         int              True if the column is part of the PRIMARY KEY
**   9th         int              True if the column is AUTOINCREMENT
** </pre>
**
**
** The memory pointed to by the character pointers returned for the 
** declaration type and collation sequence is valid only until the next 
** call to any sqlite API function.
**
** If the specified table is actually a view, then an error is returned.
................................................................................
**
** If the specified column is "rowid", "oid" or "_rowid_" and an 
** INTEGER PRIMARY KEY column has been explicitly declared, then the output 
** parameters are set for the explicitly declared column. If there is no
** explicitly declared IPK column, then the output parameters are set as 
** follows:
**
** <pre>
**     data type: "INTEGER"
**     collation sequence: "BINARY"
**     not null: 0
**     primary key: 1
**     auto increment: 0
** </pre>
**
** This function may load one or more schemas from database files. If an
** error occurs during this process, or if the requested table or column
** cannot be found, an SQLITE error code is returned and an error message
** left in the database handle (to be retrieved using sqlite3_errmsg()).
**
** This API is only available if the library was compiled with the
................................................................................
  char const **pzCollSeq,     /* OUTPUT: Collation sequence name */
  int *pNotNull,              /* OUTPUT: True if NOT NULL constraint exists */
  int *pPrimaryKey,           /* OUTPUT: True if column part of PK */
  int *pAutoinc               /* OUTPUT: True if colums is auto-increment */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Load An Extension
**
** Attempt to load an SQLite extension library contained in the file
** zFile.  The entry point is zProc.  zProc may be 0 in which case the
** name of the entry point defaults to "sqlite3_extension_init".
**
** Return [SQLITE_OK] on success and [SQLITE_ERROR] if something goes wrong.
**
** If an error occurs and pzErrMsg is not 0, then fill *pzErrMsg with 
** error message text.  The calling function should free this memory
** by calling [sqlite3_free()].
**
** Extension loading must be enabled using [sqlite3_enable_load_extension()]
** prior to calling this API or an error will be returned.


*/
int sqlite3_load_extension(
  sqlite3 *db,          /* Load the extension into this database connection */
  const char *zFile,    /* Name of the shared library containing extension */
  const char *zProc,    /* Entry point.  Derived from zFile if 0 */
  char **pzErrMsg       /* Put error message here if not 0 */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF:  Enable Or Disable Extension Loading
**
** So as not to open security holes in older applications that are
** unprepared to deal with extension loading, and as a means of disabling
** extension loading while evaluating user-entered SQL, the following
** API is provided to turn the [sqlite3_load_extension()] mechanism on and
** off.  It is off by default.  See ticket #1863.
**
** Call this routine with onoff==1 to turn extension loading on
** and call it with onoff==0 to turn it back off again.
*/
int sqlite3_enable_load_extension(sqlite3 *db, int onoff);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Make Arrangements To Automatically Load An Extension
**
** Register an extension entry point that is automatically invoked
** whenever a new database connection is opened using
** [sqlite3_open()] or [sqlite3_open16()].
**
** This API can be invoked at program startup in order to register
** one or more statically linked extensions that will be available
** to all new database connections.
**
** Duplicate extensions are detected so calling this routine multiple
** times with the same extension is harmless.
**
** This routine stores a pointer to the extension in an array
** that is obtained from malloc().  If you run a memory leak
** checker on your program and it reports a leak because of this
** array, then invoke [sqlite3_automatic_extension_reset()] prior
** to shutdown to free the memory.
**
** Automatic extensions apply across all threads.
**
** This interface is experimental and is subject to change or
** removal in future releases of SQLite.
*/
int sqlite3_auto_extension(void *xEntryPoint);


/*
** CAPI3REF: Reset Automatic Extension Loading
**
** Disable all previously registered automatic extensions.  This
** routine undoes the effect of all prior [sqlite3_automatic_extension()]
** calls.
**
** This call disabled automatic extensions in all threads.
**
** This interface is experimental and is subject to change or
** removal in future releases of SQLite.
*/
void sqlite3_reset_auto_extension(void);


/*
****** EXPERIMENTAL - subject to change without notice **************
**
................................................................................
** When the virtual-table mechanism stablizes, we will declare the
** interface fixed, support it indefinitely, and remove this comment.
**
****** EXPERIMENTAL - subject to change without notice **************
*/

/*
** CAPI3REF: A Handle To An Open BLOB
**
** An instance of the following opaque structure is used to 

** represent an blob-handle.  A blob-handle is created by
** [sqlite3_blob_open()] and destroyed by [sqlite3_blob_close()].
** The [sqlite3_blob_read()] and [sqlite3_blob_write()] interfaces
** can be used to read or write small subsections of the blob.
** The [sqltie3_blob_size()] interface returns the size of the
** blob in bytes.
*/
typedef struct sqlite3_blob sqlite3_blob;

/*
** CAPI3REF: Open A BLOB For Incremental I/O
**
** Open a handle to the blob located in row iRow,, column zColumn, 
** table zTable in database zDb. i.e. the same blob that would
** be selected by:
**
** <pre>
**     SELECT zColumn FROM zDb.zTable WHERE rowid = iRow;
** </pre>
**
** If the flags parameter is non-zero, the blob is opened for 
** read and write access. If it is zero, the blob is opened for read 
** access.
**
** On success, [SQLITE_OK] is returned and the new 
** [sqlite3_blob | blob handle] is written to *ppBlob.
** Otherwise an error code is returned and 
** any value written to *ppBlob should not be used by the caller.
** This function sets the database-handle error code and message

** accessible via [sqlite3_errcode()] and [sqlite3_errmsg()].
*/
int sqlite3_blob_open(
  sqlite3*,
  const char *zDb,
  const char *zTable,
  const char *zColumn,
  sqlite_int64 iRow,
  int flags,
  sqlite3_blob **ppBlob
);

/*
** CAPI3REF:  Close A BLOB Handle
**
** Close an open [sqlite3_blob | blob handle].
*/
int sqlite3_blob_close(sqlite3_blob *);

/*
** CAPI3REF:  Return The Size Of An Open BLOB
**
** Return the size in bytes of the blob accessible via the open 
** [sqlite3_blob | blob-handle] passed as an argument.
*/
int sqlite3_blob_bytes(sqlite3_blob *);

/*
** CAPI3REF:  Read Data From A BLOB Incrementally
**
** This function is used to read data from an open 
** [sqlite3_blob | blob-handle] into a caller supplied buffer.
** n bytes of data are copied into buffer
** z from the open blob, starting at offset iOffset.
**
** On success, SQLITE_OK is returned. Otherwise, an 

** [SQLITE_ERROR | SQLite error code] or an
** [SQLITE_IOERR_READ | extended error code] is returned.
*/
int sqlite3_blob_read(sqlite3_blob *, void *z, int n, int iOffset);

/*
** CAPI3REF:  Write Data Into A BLOB Incrementally
**
** This function is used to write data into an open 
** [sqlite3_blob | blob-handle] from a user supplied buffer.
** n bytes of data are copied from the buffer
** pointed to by z into the open blob, starting at offset iOffset.
**
** If the [sqlite3_blob | blob-handle] passed as the first argument
** was not opened for writing (the flags parameter to [sqlite3_blob_open()]
*** was zero), this function returns [SQLITE_READONLY].
**
** This function may only modify the contents of the blob, it is
** not possible to increase the size of a blob using this API. If
** offset iOffset is less than n bytes from the end of the blob, 
** [SQLITE_ERROR] is returned and no data is written.
**
** On success, SQLITE_OK is returned. Otherwise, an 
** [SQLITE_ERROR | SQLite error code] or an
** [SQLITE_IOERR_READ | extended error code] is returned.
*/
int sqlite3_blob_write(sqlite3_blob *, const void *z, int n, int iOffset);

/*
** Undo the hack that converts floating point types to integer for
** builds on processors without floating point support.
*/

Added www/mkapidoc.tcl.

































































































































































































































































































































































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#!/usr/bin/tclsh
#
# Run this script redirecting the sqlite3.h file as standard
# inputs and this script will generate API documentation.
#
set rcsid {$Id: mkapidoc.tcl,v 1.1 2007/06/14 20:57:19 drh Exp $}
source common.tcl
header {C/C++ Interface For SQLite Version 3}
puts {
<h2 class=pdf_section>C/C++ Interface For SQLite Version 3</h2>
}

# Scan standard input to extract the information we need
# to build the documentation.
#
set title {}
set type {}
set body {}
set code {}
set phase 0
set content {}
while {![eof stdin]} {
  set line [gets stdin]
  if {$phase==0} {
    # Looking for the CAPI3REF: keyword
    if {[regexp {^\*\* CAPI3REF: +(.*)} $line all tx]} {
      set title $tx
      set phase 1
    }
  } elseif {$phase==1} {
    if {[string range $line 0 1]=="**"} {
      set lx [string trim [string range $line 3 end]]
      if {[regexp {^CATEGORY: +([a-z]*)} $lx all cx]} {
        set type $cx
      } elseif {[regexp {^KEYWORDS: +(.*)} $lx all kx]} {
        foreach k $kx {
          set keyword($k) 1
        }
      } else {
        append body $lx\n
      }
    } elseif {[string range $line 0 1]=="*/"} {
      set phase 2
    }
  } elseif {$phase==2} {
    if {$line==""} {
      set kwlist [lsort [array names keyword]]
      unset -nocomplain keyword
      set key $type:$kwlist
      lappend content [list $key $title $type $kwlist $body $code]
      set title {}
      set keywords {}
      set type {}
      set body {}
      set code {}
      set phase 0
    } else {
      if {[regexp {^#define (SQLITE_[A-Z0-9_]+)} $line all kx]} {
        set type constant
        set keyword($kx) 1
      } elseif {[regexp {^typedef .* (sqlite[0-9a-z_]+);} $line all kx]} {
        set type datatype
        set keyword($kx) 1
      } elseif {[regexp {^[a-z].*[ *](sqlite3_[a-z0-9_]+)\(} $line all kx]} {
        set type function
        set keyword($kx) 1
      }
      append code $line\n
    }
  }
}

# Output HTML that displays the given list in N columns
#
proc output_list {N lx} {
  puts {<table width="100%" cellpadding="5"><tr>}
  set len [llength $lx]
  set n [expr {($len + $N - 1)/$N}]
  for {set i 0} {$i<$N} {incr i} {
    set start [expr {$i*$n}]
    set end [expr {($i+1)*$n}]
    puts {<td valign="top"><ul>}
    for {set j $start} {$j<$end} {incr j} {
      set entry [lindex $lx $j]
      if {$entry!=""} {
        foreach {link label} $entry break
        puts "<li><a href=\"#$link\">$label</a></li>"
      }
    }
    puts {</ul></td>}
  }
  puts {</tr></table>}
}

# Do a table of contents for objects
#
set objlist {}
foreach c $content {
  foreach {key title type keywords body code} $c break
  if {$type!="datatype"} continue
  set keywords [lsort $keywords]
  set k [lindex $keywords 0]
  foreach kw $keywords {
    lappend objlist [list $k $kw]
  }
}
puts {<h2>Datatypes:</h2>}
output_list 3 $objlist
puts {<hr>}

# Do a table of contents for constants
#
set clist {}
foreach c $content {
  foreach {key title type keywords body code} $c break
  if {$type!="constant"} continue
  set keywords [lsort $keywords]
  set k [lindex $keywords 0]
  foreach kw $keywords {
    lappend clist [list $k $kw]
  }
}
puts {<h2>Constants:</h2>}
set clist [lsort -index 1 $clist]
output_list 3 $clist
puts {<hr>}


# Do a table of contents for functions
#
set funclist {}
foreach c $content {
  foreach {key title type keywords body code} $c break
  if {$type!="function"} continue
  set keywords [lsort $keywords]
  set k [lindex $keywords 0]
  foreach kw $keywords {
    lappend funclist [list $k $kw]
  }
}
puts {<h2>Functions:</h2>}
set funclist [lsort -index 1 $funclist]
output_list 3 $funclist
puts {<hr>}

# Resolve links
#
proc resolve_links {args} {
  set tag [lindex $args 0]
  regsub -all {[^a-zA-Z0-9_]} $tag {} tag
  set x "<a href=\"#$tag\">"
  if {[llength $args]>2} {
    append x [lrange $args 2 end]</a>
  } else {
    append x [lindex $args 0]</a>
  }
  return $x
}

# Output all the records
#
foreach c [lsort $content] {
  foreach {key title type keywords body code} $c break
  foreach k $keywords {
    puts "<a name=\"$k\">"
  }
  puts "<h2>$title</h2>"
  puts "<blockquote><pre>"
  puts "$code"
  puts "</pre></blockquote>"
  regsub -all "\n\n+" $body {</p>\1<p>} body
  regsub -all {\[} <p>$body</p> {[resolve_links } body
  set body [subst -novar -noback $body]
  puts "$body"
  puts "<hr>"
}