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Overview
Comment:Add the schema_cookie and user_cookie pragmas. (CVS 2089)
Downloads: Tarball | ZIP archive | SQL archive
Timelines: family | ancestors | descendants | both | trunk
Files: files | file ages | folders
SHA1: d28d1d68e5104726e6088361dfa7bf2cdd9985c7
User & Date: danielk1977 2004-11-11 05:10:44
Context
2004-11-11
19:32
Website updates. (CVS 2090) check-in: 60fb0cef user: drh tags: trunk
05:10
Add the schema_cookie and user_cookie pragmas. (CVS 2089) check-in: d28d1d68 user: danielk1977 tags: trunk
01:50
Add documentation for DEFAULT CURRENT_TIME & co. (CVS 2088) check-in: c85f13f8 user: danielk1977 tags: trunk
Changes
Hide Diffs Unified Diffs Ignore Whitespace Patch

Changes to src/main.c.

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**
*************************************************************************
** Main file for the SQLite library.  The routines in this file
** implement the programmer interface to the library.  Routines in
** other files are for internal use by SQLite and should not be
** accessed by users of the library.
**
** $Id: main.c,v 1.263 2004/10/06 15:41:17 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"
#include "os.h"
#include <ctype.h>

/*
** The following constant value is used by the SQLITE_BIGENDIAN and
................................................................................
  **
  ** Meta values are as follows:
  **    meta[0]   Schema cookie.  Changes with each schema change.
  **    meta[1]   File format of schema layer.
  **    meta[2]   Size of the page cache.
  **    meta[3]   Use freelist if 0.  Autovacuum if greater than zero.
  **    meta[4]   Db text encoding. 1:UTF-8 3:UTF-16 LE 4:UTF-16 BE
  **    meta[5]
  **    meta[6]   
  **    meta[7]
  **    meta[8]
  **    meta[9]
  **
  ** Note: The hash defined SQLITE_UTF* symbols in sqliteInt.h correspond to
  ** the possible values of meta[4].







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**
*************************************************************************
** Main file for the SQLite library.  The routines in this file
** implement the programmer interface to the library.  Routines in
** other files are for internal use by SQLite and should not be
** accessed by users of the library.
**
** $Id: main.c,v 1.264 2004/11/11 05:10:44 danielk1977 Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"
#include "os.h"
#include <ctype.h>

/*
** The following constant value is used by the SQLITE_BIGENDIAN and
................................................................................
  **
  ** Meta values are as follows:
  **    meta[0]   Schema cookie.  Changes with each schema change.
  **    meta[1]   File format of schema layer.
  **    meta[2]   Size of the page cache.
  **    meta[3]   Use freelist if 0.  Autovacuum if greater than zero.
  **    meta[4]   Db text encoding. 1:UTF-8 3:UTF-16 LE 4:UTF-16 BE
  **    meta[5]   The user cookie. Used by the application.
  **    meta[6]   
  **    meta[7]
  **    meta[8]
  **    meta[9]
  **
  ** Note: The hash defined SQLITE_UTF* symbols in sqliteInt.h correspond to
  ** the possible values of meta[4].

Changes to src/pragma.c.

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**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains code used to implement the PRAGMA command.
**
** $Id: pragma.c,v 1.75 2004/11/09 12:44:38 danielk1977 Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"
#include <ctype.h>

#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) || defined(SQLITE_TEST)
# include "pager.h"
# include "btree.h"
................................................................................
        }
        if( !pEnc->zName ){
          sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "unsupported encoding: %s", zRight);
        }
      }
    }
  }else




























































#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) || defined(SQLITE_TEST)
  /*
  ** Report the current state of file logs for all databases
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "lock_status")==0 ){
    static const char *const azLockName[] = {







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**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains code used to implement the PRAGMA command.
**
** $Id: pragma.c,v 1.76 2004/11/11 05:10:44 danielk1977 Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"
#include <ctype.h>

#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) || defined(SQLITE_TEST)
# include "pager.h"
# include "btree.h"
................................................................................
        }
        if( !pEnc->zName ){
          sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "unsupported encoding: %s", zRight);
        }
      }
    }
  }else
  /*
  **   PRAGMA [database.]schema_cookie
  **   PRAGMA [database.]schema_cookie = <integer>
  **
  **   PRAGMA [database.]user_cookie
  **   PRAGMA [database.]user_cookie = <integer>
  **
  ** The pragma's schema_cookie and user_cookie are used to set or get
  ** the value of the schema-cookie and user-cookie, respectively. Both
  ** the schema-cookie and the user-cookie are 32-bit signed integers
  ** stored in the database header.
  **
  ** The schema-cookie is usually only manipulated internally by SQLite. It
  ** is incremented by SQLite whenever the database schema is modified (by
  ** creating or dropping a table or index). The schema cookie is used by
  ** SQLite each time a query is executed to ensure that the internal cache
  ** of the schema used when compiling the SQL query matches the schema of
  ** the database against which the compiled query is actually executed.
  ** Subverting this mechanism by using "PRAGMA schema_cookie" to modify
  ** the schema-cookie is potentially dangerous and may lead to program
  ** crashes or database corruption. Use with caution!
  **
  ** The user-cookie is not used internally by SQLite. It may be used by
  ** applications for any purpose.
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "schema_cookie")==0 ||
      sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "user_cookie")==0 ){

    int iCookie;   /* Cookie index. 0 for schema-cookie, 6 for user-cookie. */
    if( zLeft[0]=='s' || zLeft[0]=='S' ){
      iCookie = 0;
    }else{
      iCookie = 5;
    }

    if( zRight ){
      /* Write the specified cookie value */
      static const VdbeOpList setCookie[] = {
        { OP_Transaction,    0,  1,  0},    /* 0 */
        { OP_Integer,        0,  0,  0},    /* 1 */
        { OP_SetCookie,      0,  0,  0},    /* 2 */
      };
      int addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOpList(v, ArraySize(setCookie), setCookie);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, addr, iDb);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, addr+1, atoi(zRight));
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, addr+2, iDb);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP2(v, addr+2, iCookie);
    }else{
      /* Read the specified cookie value */
      static const VdbeOpList readCookie[] = {
        { OP_ReadCookie,      0,  0,  0},    /* 0 */
        { OP_Callback,        1,  0,  0}
      };
      int addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOpList(v, ArraySize(readCookie), readCookie);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, addr, iDb);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP2(v, addr, iCookie);
      sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
    }
  }

#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) || defined(SQLITE_TEST)
  /*
  ** Report the current state of file logs for all databases
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "lock_status")==0 ){
    static const char *const azLockName[] = {

Changes to test/pragma.test.

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#    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
#
#***********************************************************************
# This file implements regression tests for SQLite library.
#
# This file implements tests for the PRAGMA command.
#
# $Id: pragma.test,v 1.21 2004/11/04 14:47:13 drh Exp $

set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl

# Test organization:
#
# pragma-1.*: Test cache_size, default_cache_size and synchronous on main db.
................................................................................
  sqlite3 db test.db
  execsql {
    pragma lock_status;
  }
} {main unlocked temp closed}














































































































































































































finish_test









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#    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
#
#***********************************************************************
# This file implements regression tests for SQLite library.
#
# This file implements tests for the PRAGMA command.
#
# $Id: pragma.test,v 1.22 2004/11/11 05:10:44 danielk1977 Exp $

set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl

# Test organization:
#
# pragma-1.*: Test cache_size, default_cache_size and synchronous on main db.
................................................................................
  sqlite3 db test.db
  execsql {
    pragma lock_status;
  }
} {main unlocked temp closed}


#----------------------------------------------------------------------
# Test cases pragma-8.* test the "PRAGMA schema_cookie" and "PRAGMA
# user_cookie" statements.
#
# pragma-8.1: PRAGMA schema_cookie
# pragma-8.2: PRAGMA user_cookie
#

# First check that we can set the schema cookie and then retrieve the
# same value.
do_test pragma-8.1.1 {
  execsql {
    PRAGMA schema_cookie = 105;
  }
} {}
do_test pragma-8.1.2 {
  execsql {
    PRAGMA schema_cookie;
  }
} 105
do_test pragma-8.1.3 {
  execsql {
    PRAGMA schema_cookie = 106;
  }
} {}
do_test pragma-8.1.4 {
  execsql {
    PRAGMA schema_cookie;
  }
} 106

# Check that creating a table modifies the schema-cookie (this is really
# to verify that the value being read is in fact the schema cookie).
do_test pragma-8.1.5 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE t4(a, b, c);
    INSERT INTO t4 VALUES(1, 2, 3);
    SELECT * FROM t4;
  }
} {1 2 3}
do_test pragma-8.1.6 {
  execsql {
    PRAGMA schema_cookie;
  }
} 107

# Now open a second connection to the database. Ensure that changing the
# schema-cookie using the first connection forces the second connection
# to reload the schema. This has to be done using the C-API test functions,
# because the TCL API accounts for SCHEMA_ERROR and retries the query.
do_test pragma-8.1.7 {
  set ::DB2 [sqlite3 db2 test.db]
  execsql {
    SELECT * FROM t4;
  } db2
} {1 2 3}
do_test pragma-8.1.8 {
  execsql {
    PRAGMA schema_cookie = 108;
  }
} {}
do_test pragma-8.1.9 {
  set ::STMT [sqlite3_prepare $::DB2 "SELECT * FROM t4" -1 DUMMY]
  sqlite3_step $::STMT
} SQLITE_ERROR
do_test pragma-8.1.10 {
  sqlite3_finalize $::STMT
} SQLITE_SCHEMA

# Make sure the schema-cookie can be manipulated in an attached database.
file delete -force test2.db
file delete -force test2.db-journal
do_test pragma-8.1.11 {
  execsql {
    ATTACH 'test2.db' AS aux;
    CREATE TABLE aux.t1(a, b, c);
    PRAGMA aux.schema_cookie = 205;
  }
} {}
do_test pragma-8.1.12 {
  execsql {
    PRAGMA aux.schema_cookie;
  }
} 205
do_test pragma-8.1.13 {
  execsql {
    PRAGMA schema_cookie;
  }
} 108

# And check that modifying the schema-cookie in an attached database
# forces the second connection to reload the schema.
do_test pragma-8.1.14 {
  set ::DB2 [sqlite3 db2 test.db]
  execsql {
    ATTACH 'test2.db' AS aux;
    SELECT * FROM aux.t1;
  } db2
} {}
do_test pragma-8.1.15 {
  execsql {
    PRAGMA aux.schema_cookie = 206;
  }
} {}
do_test pragma-8.1.16 {
  set ::STMT [sqlite3_prepare $::DB2 "SELECT * FROM aux.t1" -1 DUMMY]
  sqlite3_step $::STMT
} SQLITE_ERROR
do_test pragma-8.1.17 {
  sqlite3_finalize $::STMT
} SQLITE_SCHEMA
do_test pragma-8.1.18 {
  db2 close
} {}

# Now test that the user-cookie can be read and written (and that we aren't
# accidentally manipulating the schema-cookie instead).
do_test pragma-8.2.1 {
  execsql {
    PRAGMA user_cookie;
  }
} {0}
do_test pragma-8.2.2 {
  execsql {
    PRAGMA user_cookie = 2;
  }
} {}
do_test pragma-8.2.3 {
  execsql {
    PRAGMA user_cookie;
  }
} {2}
do_test pragma-8.2.4 {
  execsql {
    PRAGMA schema_cookie;
  }
} {108}

# Check that the user-cookie in the auxilary database can be manipulated (
# and that we aren't accidentally manipulating the same in the main db).
do_test pragma-8.2.5 {
  execsql {
    PRAGMA aux.user_cookie;
  }
} {0}
do_test pragma-8.2.6 {
  execsql {
    PRAGMA aux.user_cookie = 3;
  }
} {}
do_test pragma-8.2.7 {
  execsql {
    PRAGMA aux.user_cookie;
  }
} {3}
do_test pragma-8.2.8 {
  execsql {
    PRAGMA main.user_cookie;
  }
} {2}

# Now check that a ROLLBACK resets the user-cookie if it has been modified
# within a transaction.
do_test pragma-8.2.9 {
  execsql {
    BEGIN;
    PRAGMA aux.user_cookie = 10;
    PRAGMA user_cookie = 11;
  }
} {}
do_test pragma-8.2.10 {
  execsql {
    PRAGMA aux.user_cookie;
  }
} {10}
do_test pragma-8.2.11 {
  execsql {
    PRAGMA main.user_cookie;
  }
} {11}
do_test pragma-8.2.12 {
  execsql {
    ROLLBACK;
    PRAGMA aux.user_cookie;
  }
} {3}
do_test pragma-8.2.13 {
  execsql {
    PRAGMA main.user_cookie;
  }
} {2}

# Try a negative value for the user-cookie
do_test pragma-8.2.14 {
  execsql {
    PRAGMA user_cookie = -450;
  }
} {}
do_test pragma-8.2.15 {
  execsql {
    PRAGMA user_cookie;
  }
} {-450}

finish_test


Changes to www/pragma.tcl.

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#
# Run this Tcl script to generate the pragma.html file.
#
set rcsid {$Id: pragma.tcl,v 1.1 2004/11/10 05:48:57 danielk1977 Exp $}
source common.tcl
header {Pragma statements supported by SQLite}

puts {
<p>The <a href="#syntax">PRAGMA command</a> is a special command used to 
modify the operation of the SQLite library or to query the library for 
internal (non-table) data. The PRAGMA command is issued using the same
................................................................................
    sqlite3_step(), sqlite3_finalize() API (or similar in a wrapper 
    interface), the pragma may be applied to the library during the 
    sqlite3_compile() call.
<li>The pragma command is unlikely to be compatible with any other SQL
    engine.
</ul>

<p>The available pragma's fall into three basic categories:</p>
<ul>
<li>Pragmas used to <a href="#schema">query the schema</a> of the current 
    database.
<li>Pragmas used to <a href="#modify">modify the operation</a> of the 
    SQLite library in some manner, or to query for the current mode of 
    operation.


<li>Pragmas used to <a href="#debug">debug the library</a> and verify that
    database files are not corrupted.
</ul>
}

Section {PRAGMA command syntax} syntax

................................................................................
are equivalent to <b>1</b>.  The strings "<b>off</b>", "<b>false</b>", 
and "<b>no</b>" are equivalent to <b>0</b>.  These strings are case-
insensitive, and do not require quotes.  An unrecognized string will be 
treated as <b>1</b>, and will not generate an error.  When the <i>value</i> 
is returned it is as an integer.</p>
}

Section {Pragmas used to modify library operation} modify

puts {
<ul>
<a name="pragma_auto_vacuum"></a>
<li><p><b>PRAGMA auto_vacuum;
       <br>PRAGMA auto_vacuum = </b><i>0 | 1</i><b>;</b></p>
    <p> Query or set the auto-vacuum flag in the database.</p>
................................................................................
    <p>When the temp_store setting is changed, all existing temporary
    tables, indices, triggers, and viewers are immediately deleted.
    </p>
    </li>
</ul>
}

Section {Pragma's used to query the database schema} schema

puts {
<ul>
<li><p><b>PRAGMA database_list;</b></p>
    <p>For each open database, invoke the callback function once with
    information about that database.  Arguments include the index and 
    the name the database was attached with.  The first row will be for 
................................................................................
    <p>For each column in the named table, invoke the callback function
    once with information about that column, including the column name,
    data type, whether or not the column can be NULL, and the default
    value for the column.</p></li>
</ul>
}

































Section {Pragma's used to debug the library} debug

puts {
<ul>
<li><p><b>PRAGMA integrity_check;</b></p>
    <p>The command does an integrity check of the entire database.  It
    looks for out-of-order records, missing pages, malformed records, and
    corrupt indices.



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#
# Run this Tcl script to generate the pragma.html file.
#
set rcsid {$Id: pragma.tcl,v 1.2 2004/11/11 05:10:44 danielk1977 Exp $}
source common.tcl
header {Pragma statements supported by SQLite}

puts {
<p>The <a href="#syntax">PRAGMA command</a> is a special command used to 
modify the operation of the SQLite library or to query the library for 
internal (non-table) data. The PRAGMA command is issued using the same
................................................................................
    sqlite3_step(), sqlite3_finalize() API (or similar in a wrapper 
    interface), the pragma may be applied to the library during the 
    sqlite3_compile() call.
<li>The pragma command is unlikely to be compatible with any other SQL
    engine.
</ul>

<p>The available pragmas fall into four basic categories:</p>
<ul>
<li>Pragmas used to <a href="#schema">query the schema</a> of the current 
    database.
<li>Pragmas used to <a href="#modify">modify the operation</a> of the 
    SQLite library in some manner, or to query for the current mode of 
    operation.
<li>Pragmas used to <a href="#cookie">query or modify the databases two 
    cookie values</a>, the schema-cookie and the user-cookie.
<li>Pragmas used to <a href="#debug">debug the library</a> and verify that
    database files are not corrupted.
</ul>
}

Section {PRAGMA command syntax} syntax

................................................................................
are equivalent to <b>1</b>.  The strings "<b>off</b>", "<b>false</b>", 
and "<b>no</b>" are equivalent to <b>0</b>.  These strings are case-
insensitive, and do not require quotes.  An unrecognized string will be 
treated as <b>1</b>, and will not generate an error.  When the <i>value</i> 
is returned it is as an integer.</p>
}

Section {Pragmas to modify library operation} modify

puts {
<ul>
<a name="pragma_auto_vacuum"></a>
<li><p><b>PRAGMA auto_vacuum;
       <br>PRAGMA auto_vacuum = </b><i>0 | 1</i><b>;</b></p>
    <p> Query or set the auto-vacuum flag in the database.</p>
................................................................................
    <p>When the temp_store setting is changed, all existing temporary
    tables, indices, triggers, and viewers are immediately deleted.
    </p>
    </li>
</ul>
}

Section {Pragmas to query the database schema} schema

puts {
<ul>
<li><p><b>PRAGMA database_list;</b></p>
    <p>For each open database, invoke the callback function once with
    information about that database.  Arguments include the index and 
    the name the database was attached with.  The first row will be for 
................................................................................
    <p>For each column in the named table, invoke the callback function
    once with information about that column, including the column name,
    data type, whether or not the column can be NULL, and the default
    value for the column.</p></li>
</ul>
}

Section {Pragmas to query/modify cookie values} cookie

puts {

<ul>
<li><p><b>PRAGMA [database.]schema_cookie; 
       <br>PRAGMA [database.]schema_cookie = </b><i>integer </i><b>;
       <br>PRAGMA [database.]user_cookie;
       <br>PRAGMA [database.]user_cookie = </b><i>integer </i><b>;</b>

  
<p>    The pragmas schema_cookie and user_cookie are used to set or get
       the value of the schema-cookie and user-cookie, respectively. Both
       the schema-cookie and the user-cookie are 32-bit signed integers
       stored in the database header.</p>
  
<p>    The schema-cookie is usually only manipulated internally by SQLite.  
       It is incremented by SQLite whenever the database schema is modified 
       (by creating or dropping a table or index). The schema cookie is 
       used by SQLite each time a query is executed to ensure that the 
       internal cache of the schema used when compiling the SQL query matches 
       the schema of the database against which the compiled query is actually 
       executed.  Subverting this mechanism by using "PRAGMA schema_cookie" 
       to modify the schema-cookie is potentially dangerous and may lead 
       to program crashes or database corruption. Use with caution!</p>
  
<p>    The user-cookie is not used internally by SQLite. It may be used by
       applications for any purpose.</p>
</li>
</ul>
}

Section {Pragmas to debug the library} debug

puts {
<ul>
<li><p><b>PRAGMA integrity_check;</b></p>
    <p>The command does an integrity check of the entire database.  It
    looks for out-of-order records, missing pages, malformed records, and
    corrupt indices.