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Overview
Comment:Merge updates from trunk.
Downloads: Tarball | ZIP archive | SQL archive
Timelines: family | ancestors | descendants | both | winIoRetry
Files: files | file ages | folders
SHA1: 598a3875ce98015e9a38db54bd0cb6290424c3d8
User & Date: mistachkin 2014-05-02 21:42:31
Context
2014-05-02
22:39
Enhance the Win32 VFS I/O retry logic. check-in: 47605043 user: mistachkin tags: trunk
21:42
Merge updates from trunk. Closed-Leaf check-in: 598a3875 user: mistachkin tags: winIoRetry
14:54
Fix a broken test case in fuzz.test. check-in: faa46935 user: dan tags: trunk
2014-02-27
05:47
Merge updates from trunk. check-in: ed0bfcfa user: mistachkin tags: winIoRetry
Changes
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Changes to VERSION.

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3.8.4
|
1
3.8.5

Changes to configure.

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#! /bin/sh
# Guess values for system-dependent variables and create Makefiles.
# Generated by GNU Autoconf 2.62 for sqlite 3.8.4.
#
# Copyright (C) 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001,
# 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
# This configure script is free software; the Free Software Foundation
# gives unlimited permission to copy, distribute and modify it.
## --------------------- ##
## M4sh Initialization.  ##
................................................................................
MFLAGS=
MAKEFLAGS=
SHELL=${CONFIG_SHELL-/bin/sh}

# Identity of this package.
PACKAGE_NAME='sqlite'
PACKAGE_TARNAME='sqlite'
PACKAGE_VERSION='3.8.4'
PACKAGE_STRING='sqlite 3.8.4'
PACKAGE_BUGREPORT=''

# Factoring default headers for most tests.
ac_includes_default="\
#include <stdio.h>
#ifdef HAVE_SYS_TYPES_H
# include <sys/types.h>
................................................................................
#
# Report the --help message.
#
if test "$ac_init_help" = "long"; then
  # Omit some internal or obsolete options to make the list less imposing.
  # This message is too long to be a string in the A/UX 3.1 sh.
  cat <<_ACEOF
\`configure' configures sqlite 3.8.4 to adapt to many kinds of systems.

Usage: $0 [OPTION]... [VAR=VALUE]...

To assign environment variables (e.g., CC, CFLAGS...), specify them as
VAR=VALUE.  See below for descriptions of some of the useful variables.

Defaults for the options are specified in brackets.
................................................................................
  --build=BUILD     configure for building on BUILD [guessed]
  --host=HOST       cross-compile to build programs to run on HOST [BUILD]
_ACEOF
fi

if test -n "$ac_init_help"; then
  case $ac_init_help in
     short | recursive ) echo "Configuration of sqlite 3.8.4:";;
   esac
  cat <<\_ACEOF

Optional Features:
  --disable-option-checking  ignore unrecognized --enable/--with options
  --disable-FEATURE       do not include FEATURE (same as --enable-FEATURE=no)
  --enable-FEATURE[=ARG]  include FEATURE [ARG=yes]
................................................................................
    cd "$ac_pwd" || { ac_status=$?; break; }
  done
fi

test -n "$ac_init_help" && exit $ac_status
if $ac_init_version; then
  cat <<\_ACEOF
sqlite configure 3.8.4
generated by GNU Autoconf 2.62

Copyright (C) 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001,
2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This configure script is free software; the Free Software Foundation
gives unlimited permission to copy, distribute and modify it.
_ACEOF
  exit
fi
cat >config.log <<_ACEOF
This file contains any messages produced by compilers while
running configure, to aid debugging if configure makes a mistake.

It was created by sqlite $as_me 3.8.4, which was
generated by GNU Autoconf 2.62.  Invocation command line was

  $ $0 $@

_ACEOF
exec 5>>config.log
{
................................................................................

exec 6>&1

# Save the log message, to keep $[0] and so on meaningful, and to
# report actual input values of CONFIG_FILES etc. instead of their
# values after options handling.
ac_log="
This file was extended by sqlite $as_me 3.8.4, which was
generated by GNU Autoconf 2.62.  Invocation command line was

  CONFIG_FILES    = $CONFIG_FILES
  CONFIG_HEADERS  = $CONFIG_HEADERS
  CONFIG_LINKS    = $CONFIG_LINKS
  CONFIG_COMMANDS = $CONFIG_COMMANDS
  $ $0 $@
................................................................................
$config_commands

Report bugs to <bug-autoconf@gnu.org>."

_ACEOF
cat >>$CONFIG_STATUS <<_ACEOF || ac_write_fail=1
ac_cs_version="\\
sqlite config.status 3.8.4
configured by $0, generated by GNU Autoconf 2.62,
  with options \\"`$as_echo "$ac_configure_args" | sed 's/^ //; s/[\\""\`\$]/\\\\&/g'`\\"

Copyright (C) 2008 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This config.status script is free software; the Free Software Foundation
gives unlimited permission to copy, distribute and modify it."



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#! /bin/sh
# Guess values for system-dependent variables and create Makefiles.
# Generated by GNU Autoconf 2.62 for sqlite 3.8.5.
#
# Copyright (C) 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001,
# 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
# This configure script is free software; the Free Software Foundation
# gives unlimited permission to copy, distribute and modify it.
## --------------------- ##
## M4sh Initialization.  ##
................................................................................
MFLAGS=
MAKEFLAGS=
SHELL=${CONFIG_SHELL-/bin/sh}

# Identity of this package.
PACKAGE_NAME='sqlite'
PACKAGE_TARNAME='sqlite'
PACKAGE_VERSION='3.8.5'
PACKAGE_STRING='sqlite 3.8.5'
PACKAGE_BUGREPORT=''

# Factoring default headers for most tests.
ac_includes_default="\
#include <stdio.h>
#ifdef HAVE_SYS_TYPES_H
# include <sys/types.h>
................................................................................
#
# Report the --help message.
#
if test "$ac_init_help" = "long"; then
  # Omit some internal or obsolete options to make the list less imposing.
  # This message is too long to be a string in the A/UX 3.1 sh.
  cat <<_ACEOF
\`configure' configures sqlite 3.8.5 to adapt to many kinds of systems.

Usage: $0 [OPTION]... [VAR=VALUE]...

To assign environment variables (e.g., CC, CFLAGS...), specify them as
VAR=VALUE.  See below for descriptions of some of the useful variables.

Defaults for the options are specified in brackets.
................................................................................
  --build=BUILD     configure for building on BUILD [guessed]
  --host=HOST       cross-compile to build programs to run on HOST [BUILD]
_ACEOF
fi

if test -n "$ac_init_help"; then
  case $ac_init_help in
     short | recursive ) echo "Configuration of sqlite 3.8.5:";;
   esac
  cat <<\_ACEOF

Optional Features:
  --disable-option-checking  ignore unrecognized --enable/--with options
  --disable-FEATURE       do not include FEATURE (same as --enable-FEATURE=no)
  --enable-FEATURE[=ARG]  include FEATURE [ARG=yes]
................................................................................
    cd "$ac_pwd" || { ac_status=$?; break; }
  done
fi

test -n "$ac_init_help" && exit $ac_status
if $ac_init_version; then
  cat <<\_ACEOF
sqlite configure 3.8.5
generated by GNU Autoconf 2.62

Copyright (C) 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001,
2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This configure script is free software; the Free Software Foundation
gives unlimited permission to copy, distribute and modify it.
_ACEOF
  exit
fi
cat >config.log <<_ACEOF
This file contains any messages produced by compilers while
running configure, to aid debugging if configure makes a mistake.

It was created by sqlite $as_me 3.8.5, which was
generated by GNU Autoconf 2.62.  Invocation command line was

  $ $0 $@

_ACEOF
exec 5>>config.log
{
................................................................................

exec 6>&1

# Save the log message, to keep $[0] and so on meaningful, and to
# report actual input values of CONFIG_FILES etc. instead of their
# values after options handling.
ac_log="
This file was extended by sqlite $as_me 3.8.5, which was
generated by GNU Autoconf 2.62.  Invocation command line was

  CONFIG_FILES    = $CONFIG_FILES
  CONFIG_HEADERS  = $CONFIG_HEADERS
  CONFIG_LINKS    = $CONFIG_LINKS
  CONFIG_COMMANDS = $CONFIG_COMMANDS
  $ $0 $@
................................................................................
$config_commands

Report bugs to <bug-autoconf@gnu.org>."

_ACEOF
cat >>$CONFIG_STATUS <<_ACEOF || ac_write_fail=1
ac_cs_version="\\
sqlite config.status 3.8.5
configured by $0, generated by GNU Autoconf 2.62,
  with options \\"`$as_echo "$ac_configure_args" | sed 's/^ //; s/[\\""\`\$]/\\\\&/g'`\\"

Copyright (C) 2008 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This config.status script is free software; the Free Software Foundation
gives unlimited permission to copy, distribute and modify it."

Changes to ext/fts3/fts3.c.

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    rc = fts3CreateTables(p);
  }

  /* Check to see if a legacy fts3 table has been "upgraded" by the
  ** addition of a %_stat table so that it can use incremental merge.
  */
  if( !isFts4 && !isCreate ){
    int rc2 = SQLITE_OK;
    fts3DbExec(&rc2, db, "SELECT 1 FROM %Q.'%q_stat' WHERE id=2",
               p->zDb, p->zName);
    if( rc2==SQLITE_OK ) p->bHasStat = 1;
  }

  /* Figure out the page-size for the database. This is required in order to
  ** estimate the cost of loading large doclists from the database.  */
  fts3DatabasePageSize(&rc, p);
  p->nNodeSize = p->nPgsz-35;

................................................................................
    if( A>(int)nMinMerge ) rc = sqlite3Fts3Incrmerge(p, A, 8);
  }
  sqlite3Fts3SegmentsClose(p);
  return rc;
}

/*



























** Implementation of xBegin() method. This is a no-op.
*/
static int fts3BeginMethod(sqlite3_vtab *pVtab){
  Fts3Table *p = (Fts3Table*)pVtab;
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pVtab);
  assert( p->pSegments==0 );
  assert( p->nPendingData==0 );
  assert( p->inTransaction!=1 );
  TESTONLY( p->inTransaction = 1 );
  TESTONLY( p->mxSavepoint = -1; );
  p->nLeafAdd = 0;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Implementation of xCommit() method. This is a no-op. The contents of
** the pending-terms hash-table have already been flushed into the database
** by fts3SyncMethod().
*/
................................................................................
  sqlite3_vtab *pVtab,            /* Virtual table handle */
  const char *zName               /* New name of table */
){
  Fts3Table *p = (Fts3Table *)pVtab;
  sqlite3 *db = p->db;            /* Database connection */
  int rc;                         /* Return Code */





  /* As it happens, the pending terms table is always empty here. This is
  ** because an "ALTER TABLE RENAME TABLE" statement inside a transaction 
  ** always opens a savepoint transaction. And the xSavepoint() method 
  ** flushes the pending terms table. But leave the (no-op) call to
  ** PendingTermsFlush() in in case that changes.
  */
  assert( p->nPendingData==0 );

  rc = sqlite3Fts3PendingTermsFlush(p);


  if( p->zContentTbl==0 ){
    fts3DbExec(&rc, db,
      "ALTER TABLE %Q.'%q_content'  RENAME TO '%q_content';",
      p->zDb, p->zName, zName
    );
  }







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    rc = fts3CreateTables(p);
  }

  /* Check to see if a legacy fts3 table has been "upgraded" by the
  ** addition of a %_stat table so that it can use incremental merge.
  */
  if( !isFts4 && !isCreate ){



    p->bHasStat = 2;
  }

  /* Figure out the page-size for the database. This is required in order to
  ** estimate the cost of loading large doclists from the database.  */
  fts3DatabasePageSize(&rc, p);
  p->nNodeSize = p->nPgsz-35;

................................................................................
    if( A>(int)nMinMerge ) rc = sqlite3Fts3Incrmerge(p, A, 8);
  }
  sqlite3Fts3SegmentsClose(p);
  return rc;
}

/*
** If it is currently unknown whether or not the FTS table has an %_stat
** table (if p->bHasStat==2), attempt to determine this (set p->bHasStat
** to 0 or 1). Return SQLITE_OK if successful, or an SQLite error code
** if an error occurs.
*/
static int fts3SetHasStat(Fts3Table *p){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  if( p->bHasStat==2 ){
    const char *zFmt ="SELECT 1 FROM %Q.sqlite_master WHERE tbl_name='%q_stat'";
    char *zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(zFmt, p->zDb, p->zName);
    if( zSql ){
      sqlite3_stmt *pStmt = 0;
      rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(p->db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        int bHasStat = (sqlite3_step(pStmt)==SQLITE_ROW);
        rc = sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ) p->bHasStat = bHasStat;
      }
      sqlite3_free(zSql);
    }else{
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Implementation of xBegin() method. 
*/
static int fts3BeginMethod(sqlite3_vtab *pVtab){
  Fts3Table *p = (Fts3Table*)pVtab;
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pVtab);
  assert( p->pSegments==0 );
  assert( p->nPendingData==0 );
  assert( p->inTransaction!=1 );
  TESTONLY( p->inTransaction = 1 );
  TESTONLY( p->mxSavepoint = -1; );
  p->nLeafAdd = 0;
  return fts3SetHasStat(p);
}

/*
** Implementation of xCommit() method. This is a no-op. The contents of
** the pending-terms hash-table have already been flushed into the database
** by fts3SyncMethod().
*/
................................................................................
  sqlite3_vtab *pVtab,            /* Virtual table handle */
  const char *zName               /* New name of table */
){
  Fts3Table *p = (Fts3Table *)pVtab;
  sqlite3 *db = p->db;            /* Database connection */
  int rc;                         /* Return Code */

  /* At this point it must be known if the %_stat table exists or not.
  ** So bHasStat may not be 2.  */
  rc = fts3SetHasStat(p);
  
  /* As it happens, the pending terms table is always empty here. This is
  ** because an "ALTER TABLE RENAME TABLE" statement inside a transaction 
  ** always opens a savepoint transaction. And the xSavepoint() method 
  ** flushes the pending terms table. But leave the (no-op) call to
  ** PendingTermsFlush() in in case that changes.
  */
  assert( p->nPendingData==0 );
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3Fts3PendingTermsFlush(p);
  }

  if( p->zContentTbl==0 ){
    fts3DbExec(&rc, db,
      "ALTER TABLE %Q.'%q_content'  RENAME TO '%q_content';",
      p->zDb, p->zName, zName
    );
  }

Changes to ext/fts3/fts3Int.h.

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  sqlite3_stmt *aStmt[37];

  char *zReadExprlist;
  char *zWriteExprlist;

  int nNodeSize;                  /* Soft limit for node size */
  u8 bFts4;                       /* True for FTS4, false for FTS3 */
  u8 bHasStat;                    /* True if %_stat table exists */
  u8 bHasDocsize;                 /* True if %_docsize table exists */
  u8 bDescIdx;                    /* True if doclists are in reverse order */
  u8 bIgnoreSavepoint;            /* True to ignore xSavepoint invocations */
  int nPgsz;                      /* Page size for host database */
  char *zSegmentsTbl;             /* Name of %_segments table */
  sqlite3_blob *pSegments;        /* Blob handle open on %_segments table */








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  sqlite3_stmt *aStmt[37];

  char *zReadExprlist;
  char *zWriteExprlist;

  int nNodeSize;                  /* Soft limit for node size */
  u8 bFts4;                       /* True for FTS4, false for FTS3 */
  u8 bHasStat;                    /* True if %_stat table exists (2==unknown) */
  u8 bHasDocsize;                 /* True if %_docsize table exists */
  u8 bDescIdx;                    /* True if doclists are in reverse order */
  u8 bIgnoreSavepoint;            /* True to ignore xSavepoint invocations */
  int nPgsz;                      /* Page size for host database */
  char *zSegmentsTbl;             /* Name of %_segments table */
  sqlite3_blob *pSegments;        /* Blob handle open on %_segments table */

Changes to ext/fts3/fts3_write.c.

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  Fts3Table *p = (Fts3Table *)pVtab;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;             /* Return Code */
  int isRemove = 0;               /* True for an UPDATE or DELETE */
  u32 *aSzIns = 0;                /* Sizes of inserted documents */
  u32 *aSzDel = 0;                /* Sizes of deleted documents */
  int nChng = 0;                  /* Net change in number of documents */
  int bInsertDone = 0;





  assert( p->pSegments==0 );
  assert( 
      nArg==1                     /* DELETE operations */
   || nArg==(2 + p->nColumn + 3)  /* INSERT or UPDATE operations */
  );








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  Fts3Table *p = (Fts3Table *)pVtab;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;             /* Return Code */
  int isRemove = 0;               /* True for an UPDATE or DELETE */
  u32 *aSzIns = 0;                /* Sizes of inserted documents */
  u32 *aSzDel = 0;                /* Sizes of deleted documents */
  int nChng = 0;                  /* Net change in number of documents */
  int bInsertDone = 0;

  /* At this point it must be known if the %_stat table exists or not.
  ** So bHasStat may not be 2.  */
  assert( p->bHasStat==0 || p->bHasStat==1 );

  assert( p->pSegments==0 );
  assert( 
      nArg==1                     /* DELETE operations */
   || nArg==(2 + p->nColumn + 3)  /* INSERT or UPDATE operations */
  );

Changes to ext/misc/spellfix.c.

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# include <stdio.h>
# include <stdlib.h>
# include <assert.h>
# define ALWAYS(X)  1
# define NEVER(X)   0
  typedef unsigned char u8;
  typedef unsigned short u16;
# include <ctype.h>
#endif


#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE

/*
** Character classes for ASCII characters:
**
**   0   ''        Silent letters:   H W







<

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# include <stdio.h>
# include <stdlib.h>
# include <assert.h>
# define ALWAYS(X)  1
# define NEVER(X)   0
  typedef unsigned char u8;
  typedef unsigned short u16;

#endif
#include <ctype.h>

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE

/*
** Character classes for ASCII characters:
**
**   0   ''        Silent letters:   H W

Changes to ext/rtree/rtree.c.

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**      of 4-byte coordinates. For leaf nodes the integer is the rowid
**      of a record. For internal nodes it is the node number of a
**      child page.
*/

#if !defined(SQLITE_CORE) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_RTREE)

/*
** This file contains an implementation of a couple of different variants
** of the r-tree algorithm. See the README file for further details. The 
** same data-structure is used for all, but the algorithms for insert and
** delete operations vary. The variants used are selected at compile time 
** by defining the following symbols:
*/

/* Either, both or none of the following may be set to activate 
** r*tree variant algorithms.
*/
#define VARIANT_RSTARTREE_CHOOSESUBTREE 0
#define VARIANT_RSTARTREE_REINSERT      1

/* 
** Exactly one of the following must be set to 1.
*/
#define VARIANT_GUTTMAN_QUADRATIC_SPLIT 0
#define VARIANT_GUTTMAN_LINEAR_SPLIT    0
#define VARIANT_RSTARTREE_SPLIT         1

#define VARIANT_GUTTMAN_SPLIT \
        (VARIANT_GUTTMAN_LINEAR_SPLIT||VARIANT_GUTTMAN_QUADRATIC_SPLIT)

#if VARIANT_GUTTMAN_QUADRATIC_SPLIT
  #define PickNext QuadraticPickNext
  #define PickSeeds QuadraticPickSeeds
  #define AssignCells splitNodeGuttman
#endif
#if VARIANT_GUTTMAN_LINEAR_SPLIT
  #define PickNext LinearPickNext
  #define PickSeeds LinearPickSeeds
  #define AssignCells splitNodeGuttman
#endif
#if VARIANT_RSTARTREE_SPLIT
  #define AssignCells splitNodeStartree
#endif

#if !defined(NDEBUG) && !defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) 
# define NDEBUG 1
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_CORE
  #include "sqlite3ext.h"
  SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT1
#else
  #include "sqlite3.h"
#endif

#include <string.h>
#include <assert.h>


#ifndef SQLITE_AMALGAMATION
#include "sqlite3rtree.h"
typedef sqlite3_int64 i64;
typedef unsigned char u8;

typedef unsigned int u32;
#endif

/*  The following macro is used to suppress compiler warnings.
*/
#ifndef UNUSED_PARAMETER
# define UNUSED_PARAMETER(x) (void)(x)
................................................................................
typedef struct RtreeCursor RtreeCursor;
typedef struct RtreeNode RtreeNode;
typedef struct RtreeCell RtreeCell;
typedef struct RtreeConstraint RtreeConstraint;
typedef struct RtreeMatchArg RtreeMatchArg;
typedef struct RtreeGeomCallback RtreeGeomCallback;
typedef union RtreeCoord RtreeCoord;


/* The rtree may have between 1 and RTREE_MAX_DIMENSIONS dimensions. */
#define RTREE_MAX_DIMENSIONS 5

/* Size of hash table Rtree.aHash. This hash table is not expected to
** ever contain very many entries, so a fixed number of buckets is 
** used.
*/
#define HASHSIZE 128

/* The xBestIndex method of this virtual table requires an estimate of
** the number of rows in the virtual table to calculate the costs of
** various strategies. If possible, this estimate is loaded from the
** sqlite_stat1 table (with RTREE_MIN_ROWEST as a hard-coded minimum).
** Otherwise, if no sqlite_stat1 entry is available, use 
** RTREE_DEFAULT_ROWEST.
................................................................................
#define RTREE_DEFAULT_ROWEST 1048576
#define RTREE_MIN_ROWEST         100

/* 
** An rtree virtual-table object.
*/
struct Rtree {
  sqlite3_vtab base;
  sqlite3 *db;                /* Host database connection */
  int iNodeSize;              /* Size in bytes of each node in the node table */
  int nDim;                   /* Number of dimensions */

  int nBytesPerCell;          /* Bytes consumed per cell */
  int iDepth;                 /* Current depth of the r-tree structure */
  char *zDb;                  /* Name of database containing r-tree table */
  char *zName;                /* Name of r-tree table */ 
  RtreeNode *aHash[HASHSIZE]; /* Hash table of in-memory nodes. */ 
  int nBusy;                  /* Current number of users of this structure */
  i64 nRowEst;                /* Estimated number of rows in this table */

  /* List of nodes removed during a CondenseTree operation. List is
  ** linked together via the pointer normally used for hash chains -
  ** RtreeNode.pNext. RtreeNode.iNode stores the depth of the sub-tree 
  ** headed by the node (leaf nodes have RtreeNode.iNode==0).
................................................................................
  sqlite3_stmt *pDeleteRowid;

  /* Statements to read/write/delete a record from xxx_parent */
  sqlite3_stmt *pReadParent;
  sqlite3_stmt *pWriteParent;
  sqlite3_stmt *pDeleteParent;

  int eCoordType;
};

/* Possible values for eCoordType: */
#define RTREE_COORD_REAL32 0
#define RTREE_COORD_INT32  1

/*
** If SQLITE_RTREE_INT_ONLY is defined, then this virtual table will
** only deal with integer coordinates.  No floating point operations
** will be done.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_RTREE_INT_ONLY
  typedef sqlite3_int64 RtreeDValue;       /* High accuracy coordinate */
  typedef int RtreeValue;                  /* Low accuracy coordinate */

#else
  typedef double RtreeDValue;              /* High accuracy coordinate */
  typedef float RtreeValue;                /* Low accuracy coordinate */

#endif


















/*
** The minimum number of cells allowed for a node is a third of the 
** maximum. In Gutman's notation:
**
**     m = M/3
**
................................................................................
** supported cell size is 48 bytes (8 byte rowid + ten 4 byte coordinates).
** Therefore all non-root nodes must contain at least 3 entries. Since 
** 2^40 is greater than 2^64, an r-tree structure always has a depth of
** 40 or less.
*/
#define RTREE_MAX_DEPTH 40









/* 
** An rtree cursor object.
*/
struct RtreeCursor {
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor base;
  RtreeNode *pNode;                 /* Node cursor is currently pointing at */
  int iCell;                        /* Index of current cell in pNode */
  int iStrategy;                    /* Copy of idxNum search parameter */
  int nConstraint;                  /* Number of entries in aConstraint */
  RtreeConstraint *aConstraint;     /* Search constraints. */







};








union RtreeCoord {
  RtreeValue f;
  int i;


};

/*
** The argument is an RtreeCoord. Return the value stored within the RtreeCoord
** formatted as a RtreeDValue (double or int64). This macro assumes that local
** variable pRtree points to the Rtree structure associated with the
** RtreeCoord.
................................................................................

/*
** A search constraint.
*/
struct RtreeConstraint {
  int iCoord;                     /* Index of constrained coordinate */
  int op;                         /* Constraining operation */

  RtreeDValue rValue;             /* Constraint value. */
  int (*xGeom)(sqlite3_rtree_geometry*, int, RtreeDValue*, int*);
  sqlite3_rtree_geometry *pGeom;  /* Constraint callback argument for a MATCH */



};

/* Possible values for RtreeConstraint.op */
#define RTREE_EQ    0x41
#define RTREE_LE    0x42
#define RTREE_LT    0x43
#define RTREE_GE    0x44
#define RTREE_GT    0x45
#define RTREE_MATCH 0x46



/* 
** An rtree structure node.
*/
struct RtreeNode {
  RtreeNode *pParent;               /* Parent node */
  i64 iNode;
  int nRef;
  int isDirty;
  u8 *zData;
  RtreeNode *pNext;                 /* Next node in this hash chain */
};


#define NCELL(pNode) readInt16(&(pNode)->zData[2])

/* 
** Structure to store a deserialized rtree record.
*/
struct RtreeCell {
  i64 iRowid;
  RtreeCoord aCoord[RTREE_MAX_DIMENSIONS*2];






















};


/*
** Value for the first field of every RtreeMatchArg object. The MATCH
** operator tests that the first field of a blob operand matches this
** value to avoid operating on invalid blobs (which could cause a segfault).
*/
#define RTREE_GEOMETRY_MAGIC 0x891245AB

/*
** An instance of this structure must be supplied as a blob argument to
** the right-hand-side of an SQL MATCH operator used to constrain an
** r-tree query.

*/
struct RtreeMatchArg {
  u32 magic;                      /* Always RTREE_GEOMETRY_MAGIC */
  int (*xGeom)(sqlite3_rtree_geometry *, int, RtreeDValue*, int *);
  void *pContext;
  int nParam;
  RtreeDValue aParam[1];
};

/*
** When a geometry callback is created (see sqlite3_rtree_geometry_callback),
** a single instance of the following structure is allocated. It is used
** as the context for the user-function created by by s_r_g_c(). The object
** is eventually deleted by the destructor mechanism provided by
** sqlite3_create_function_v2() (which is called by s_r_g_c() to create
** the geometry callback function).
*/
struct RtreeGeomCallback {
  int (*xGeom)(sqlite3_rtree_geometry*, int, RtreeDValue*, int*);
  void *pContext;
};

#ifndef MAX
# define MAX(x,y) ((x) < (y) ? (y) : (x))
#endif
#ifndef MIN
# define MIN(x,y) ((x) > (y) ? (y) : (x))
................................................................................
}

/*
** Given a node number iNode, return the corresponding key to use
** in the Rtree.aHash table.
*/
static int nodeHash(i64 iNode){
  return (
    (iNode>>56) ^ (iNode>>48) ^ (iNode>>40) ^ (iNode>>32) ^ 
    (iNode>>24) ^ (iNode>>16) ^ (iNode>> 8) ^ (iNode>> 0)
  ) % HASHSIZE;
}

/*
** Search the node hash table for node iNode. If found, return a pointer
** to it. Otherwise, return 0.
*/
static RtreeNode *nodeHashLookup(Rtree *pRtree, i64 iNode){
................................................................................
  }
  return pNode;
}

/*
** Obtain a reference to an r-tree node.
*/
static int
nodeAcquire(
  Rtree *pRtree,             /* R-tree structure */
  i64 iNode,                 /* Node number to load */
  RtreeNode *pParent,        /* Either the parent node or NULL */
  RtreeNode **ppNode         /* OUT: Acquired node */
){
  int rc;
  int rc2 = SQLITE_OK;
................................................................................
  return rc;
}

/*
** Overwrite cell iCell of node pNode with the contents of pCell.
*/
static void nodeOverwriteCell(
  Rtree *pRtree, 
  RtreeNode *pNode,  
  RtreeCell *pCell, 
  int iCell
){
  int ii;
  u8 *p = &pNode->zData[4 + pRtree->nBytesPerCell*iCell];
  p += writeInt64(p, pCell->iRowid);
  for(ii=0; ii<(pRtree->nDim*2); ii++){
    p += writeCoord(p, &pCell->aCoord[ii]);
  }
  pNode->isDirty = 1;
}

/*
** Remove cell the cell with index iCell from node pNode.
*/
static void nodeDeleteCell(Rtree *pRtree, RtreeNode *pNode, int iCell){
  u8 *pDst = &pNode->zData[4 + pRtree->nBytesPerCell*iCell];
  u8 *pSrc = &pDst[pRtree->nBytesPerCell];
  int nByte = (NCELL(pNode) - iCell - 1) * pRtree->nBytesPerCell;
  memmove(pDst, pSrc, nByte);
  writeInt16(&pNode->zData[2], NCELL(pNode)-1);
................................................................................

/*
** Insert the contents of cell pCell into node pNode. If the insert
** is successful, return SQLITE_OK.
**
** If there is not enough free space in pNode, return SQLITE_FULL.
*/
static int
nodeInsertCell(
  Rtree *pRtree, 
  RtreeNode *pNode, 
  RtreeCell *pCell 
){
  int nCell;                    /* Current number of cells in pNode */
  int nMaxCell;                 /* Maximum number of cells for pNode */

  nMaxCell = (pRtree->iNodeSize-4)/pRtree->nBytesPerCell;
  nCell = NCELL(pNode);

................................................................................

  return (nCell==nMaxCell);
}

/*
** If the node is dirty, write it out to the database.
*/
static int
nodeWrite(Rtree *pRtree, RtreeNode *pNode){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  if( pNode->isDirty ){
    sqlite3_stmt *p = pRtree->pWriteNode;
    if( pNode->iNode ){
      sqlite3_bind_int64(p, 1, pNode->iNode);
    }else{
      sqlite3_bind_null(p, 1);
................................................................................
  return rc;
}

/*
** Release a reference to a node. If the node is dirty and the reference
** count drops to zero, the node data is written to the database.
*/
static int
nodeRelease(Rtree *pRtree, RtreeNode *pNode){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  if( pNode ){
    assert( pNode->nRef>0 );
    pNode->nRef--;
    if( pNode->nRef==0 ){
      if( pNode->iNode==1 ){
        pRtree->iDepth = -1;
................................................................................

/*
** Return the 64-bit integer value associated with cell iCell of
** node pNode. If pNode is a leaf node, this is a rowid. If it is
** an internal node, then the 64-bit integer is a child page number.
*/
static i64 nodeGetRowid(
  Rtree *pRtree, 
  RtreeNode *pNode, 
  int iCell
){
  assert( iCell<NCELL(pNode) );
  return readInt64(&pNode->zData[4 + pRtree->nBytesPerCell*iCell]);
}

/*
** Return coordinate iCoord from cell iCell in node pNode.
*/
static void nodeGetCoord(
  Rtree *pRtree, 
  RtreeNode *pNode, 
  int iCell,
  int iCoord,
  RtreeCoord *pCoord           /* Space to write result to */
){
  readCoord(&pNode->zData[12 + pRtree->nBytesPerCell*iCell + 4*iCoord], pCoord);
}

/*
** Deserialize cell iCell of node pNode. Populate the structure pointed
** to by pCell with the results.
*/
static void nodeGetCell(
  Rtree *pRtree, 
  RtreeNode *pNode, 
  int iCell,
  RtreeCell *pCell
){
  int ii;


  pCell->iRowid = nodeGetRowid(pRtree, pNode, iCell);

  for(ii=0; ii<pRtree->nDim*2; ii++){
    nodeGetCoord(pRtree, pNode, iCell, ii, &pCell->aCoord[ii]);



  }
}


/* Forward declaration for the function that does the work of
** the virtual table module xCreate() and xConnect() methods.
*/
................................................................................
/*
** Free the RtreeCursor.aConstraint[] array and its contents.
*/
static void freeCursorConstraints(RtreeCursor *pCsr){
  if( pCsr->aConstraint ){
    int i;                        /* Used to iterate through constraint array */
    for(i=0; i<pCsr->nConstraint; i++){
      sqlite3_rtree_geometry *pGeom = pCsr->aConstraint[i].pGeom;
      if( pGeom ){
        if( pGeom->xDelUser ) pGeom->xDelUser(pGeom->pUser);
        sqlite3_free(pGeom);
      }
    }
    sqlite3_free(pCsr->aConstraint);
    pCsr->aConstraint = 0;
  }
}

/* 
** Rtree virtual table module xClose method.
*/
static int rtreeClose(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *cur){
  Rtree *pRtree = (Rtree *)(cur->pVtab);
  int rc;
  RtreeCursor *pCsr = (RtreeCursor *)cur;
  freeCursorConstraints(pCsr);

  rc = nodeRelease(pRtree, pCsr->pNode);
  sqlite3_free(pCsr);
  return rc;
}

/*
** Rtree virtual table module xEof method.
**
** Return non-zero if the cursor does not currently point to a valid 
** record (i.e if the scan has finished), or zero otherwise.
*/
static int rtreeEof(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *cur){
  RtreeCursor *pCsr = (RtreeCursor *)cur;
  return (pCsr->pNode==0);

}

/*
** The r-tree constraint passed as the second argument to this function is
** guaranteed to be a MATCH constraint.













*/
static int testRtreeGeom(
  Rtree *pRtree,                  /* R-Tree object */
  RtreeConstraint *pConstraint,   /* MATCH constraint to test */
  RtreeCell *pCell,               /* Cell to test */



  int *pbRes                      /* OUT: Test result */
){
  int i;
  RtreeDValue aCoord[RTREE_MAX_DIMENSIONS*2];
  int nCoord = pRtree->nDim*2;




  assert( pConstraint->op==RTREE_MATCH );
  assert( pConstraint->pGeom );






  for(i=0; i<nCoord; i++){
    aCoord[i] = DCOORD(pCell->aCoord[i]);






  }
  return pConstraint->xGeom(pConstraint->pGeom, nCoord, aCoord, pbRes);

}

/* 
** Cursor pCursor currently points to a cell in a non-leaf page.
** Set *pbEof to true if the sub-tree headed by the cell is filtered
** (excluded) by the constraints in the pCursor->aConstraint[] 
** array, or false otherwise.
**
** Return SQLITE_OK if successful or an SQLite error code if an error
** occurs within a geometry callback.


*/
static int testRtreeCell(Rtree *pRtree, RtreeCursor *pCursor, int *pbEof){
  RtreeCell cell;
  int ii;
  int bRes = 0;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  nodeGetCell(pRtree, pCursor->pNode, pCursor->iCell, &cell);
  for(ii=0; bRes==0 && ii<pCursor->nConstraint; ii++){
    RtreeConstraint *p = &pCursor->aConstraint[ii];
    RtreeDValue cell_min = DCOORD(cell.aCoord[(p->iCoord>>1)*2]);
    RtreeDValue cell_max = DCOORD(cell.aCoord[(p->iCoord>>1)*2+1]);

    assert(p->op==RTREE_LE || p->op==RTREE_LT || p->op==RTREE_GE 
        || p->op==RTREE_GT || p->op==RTREE_EQ || p->op==RTREE_MATCH





    );






    switch( p->op ){
      case RTREE_LE: case RTREE_LT: 
        bRes = p->rValue<cell_min; 
        break;



      case RTREE_GE: case RTREE_GT: 
        bRes = p->rValue>cell_max; 
        break;



      case RTREE_EQ:
        bRes = (p->rValue>cell_max || p->rValue<cell_min);
        break;




      default: {
        assert( p->op==RTREE_MATCH );
        rc = testRtreeGeom(pRtree, p, &cell, &bRes);
        bRes = !bRes;
        break;













      }
    }
  }

  *pbEof = bRes;
  return rc;
}

/* 
** Test if the cell that cursor pCursor currently points to
** would be filtered (excluded) by the constraints in the 
** pCursor->aConstraint[] array. If so, set *pbEof to true before
** returning. If the cell is not filtered (excluded) by the constraints,
** set pbEof to zero.



**
** Return SQLITE_OK if successful or an SQLite error code if an error
** occurs within a geometry callback.
**
** This function assumes that the cell is part of a leaf node.










*/
static int testRtreeEntry(Rtree *pRtree, RtreeCursor *pCursor, int *pbEof){
  RtreeCell cell;
  int ii;
  *pbEof = 0;


  nodeGetCell(pRtree, pCursor->pNode, pCursor->iCell, &cell);
  for(ii=0; ii<pCursor->nConstraint; ii++){
    RtreeConstraint *p = &pCursor->aConstraint[ii];
    RtreeDValue coord = DCOORD(cell.aCoord[p->iCoord]);
    int res;
    assert(p->op==RTREE_LE || p->op==RTREE_LT || p->op==RTREE_GE 
        || p->op==RTREE_GT || p->op==RTREE_EQ || p->op==RTREE_MATCH
    );
    switch( p->op ){
      case RTREE_LE: res = (coord<=p->rValue); break;
      case RTREE_LT: res = (coord<p->rValue);  break;
      case RTREE_GE: res = (coord>=p->rValue); break;
      case RTREE_GT: res = (coord>p->rValue);  break;
      case RTREE_EQ: res = (coord==p->rValue); break;
      default: {
        int rc;
        assert( p->op==RTREE_MATCH );
        rc = testRtreeGeom(pRtree, p, &cell, &res);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
          return rc;
        }

        break;



      }
    }

    if( !res ){
      *pbEof = 1;
      return SQLITE_OK;



    }

  }

  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Cursor pCursor currently points at a node that heads a sub-tree of
** height iHeight (if iHeight==0, then the node is a leaf). Descend
** to point to the left-most cell of the sub-tree that matches the 
** configured constraints.





*/
static int descendToCell(
  Rtree *pRtree, 
  RtreeCursor *pCursor, 
  int iHeight,
  int *pEof                 /* OUT: Set to true if cannot descend */





){
  int isEof;
  int rc;
  int ii;
  RtreeNode *pChild;
  sqlite3_int64 iRowid;


  RtreeNode *pSavedNode = pCursor->pNode;
  int iSavedCell = pCursor->iCell;


  assert( iHeight>=0 );


  if( iHeight==0 ){
    rc = testRtreeEntry(pRtree, pCursor, &isEof);
  }else{
    rc = testRtreeCell(pRtree, pCursor, &isEof);
  }

  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK || isEof || iHeight==0 ){
    goto descend_to_cell_out;
  }

  iRowid = nodeGetRowid(pRtree, pCursor->pNode, pCursor->iCell);
  rc = nodeAcquire(pRtree, iRowid, pCursor->pNode, &pChild);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    goto descend_to_cell_out;
  }

  nodeRelease(pRtree, pCursor->pNode);
  pCursor->pNode = pChild;
  isEof = 1;
  for(ii=0; isEof && ii<NCELL(pChild); ii++){
    pCursor->iCell = ii;
    rc = descendToCell(pRtree, pCursor, iHeight-1, &isEof);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      goto descend_to_cell_out;
    }
  }

  if( isEof ){
    assert( pCursor->pNode==pChild );
    nodeReference(pSavedNode);
    nodeRelease(pRtree, pChild);
    pCursor->pNode = pSavedNode;
    pCursor->iCell = iSavedCell;
  }

descend_to_cell_out:
  *pEof = isEof;
  return rc;

}

/*
** One of the cells in node pNode is guaranteed to have a 64-bit 
** integer value equal to iRowid. Return the index of this cell.
*/
static int nodeRowidIndex(
................................................................................
  Rtree *pRtree, 
  RtreeNode *pNode, 
  i64 iRowid,
  int *piIndex
){
  int ii;
  int nCell = NCELL(pNode);

  for(ii=0; ii<nCell; ii++){
    if( nodeGetRowid(pRtree, pNode, ii)==iRowid ){
      *piIndex = ii;
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
  }
  return SQLITE_CORRUPT_VTAB;
................................................................................
  RtreeNode *pParent = pNode->pParent;
  if( pParent ){
    return nodeRowidIndex(pRtree, pParent, pNode->iNode, piIndex);
  }
  *piIndex = -1;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/* 
** Rtree virtual table module xNext method.







*/
static int rtreeNext(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pVtabCursor){
  Rtree *pRtree = (Rtree *)(pVtabCursor->pVtab);
  RtreeCursor *pCsr = (RtreeCursor *)pVtabCursor;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;










  /* RtreeCursor.pNode must not be NULL. If is is NULL, then this cursor is
  ** already at EOF. It is against the rules to call the xNext() method of
  ** a cursor that has already reached EOF.



  */


































  assert( pCsr->pNode );



  if( pCsr->iStrategy==1 ){
    /* This "scan" is a direct lookup by rowid. There is no next entry. */
    nodeRelease(pRtree, pCsr->pNode);
    pCsr->pNode = 0;





























































  }else{
    /* Move to the next entry that matches the configured constraints. */





























    int iHeight = 0;
    while( pCsr->pNode ){



































































      RtreeNode *pNode = pCsr->pNode;


      int nCell = NCELL(pNode);
      for(pCsr->iCell++; pCsr->iCell<nCell; pCsr->iCell++){

        int isEof;
        rc = descendToCell(pRtree, pCsr, iHeight, &isEof);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK || !isEof ){






          return rc;
















        }

      }
      pCsr->pNode = pNode->pParent;
      rc = nodeParentIndex(pRtree, pNode, &pCsr->iCell);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        return rc;









      }
      nodeReference(pCsr->pNode);
      nodeRelease(pRtree, pNode);
      iHeight++;



    }








  }




















  return rc;
}

/* 
** Rtree virtual table module xRowid method.
*/
static int rtreeRowid(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pVtabCursor, sqlite_int64 *pRowid){
  Rtree *pRtree = (Rtree *)pVtabCursor->pVtab;
  RtreeCursor *pCsr = (RtreeCursor *)pVtabCursor;



  assert(pCsr->pNode);

  *pRowid = nodeGetRowid(pRtree, pCsr->pNode, pCsr->iCell);

  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/* 
** Rtree virtual table module xColumn method.
*/
static int rtreeColumn(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *cur, sqlite3_context *ctx, int i){
  Rtree *pRtree = (Rtree *)cur->pVtab;
  RtreeCursor *pCsr = (RtreeCursor *)cur;







  if( i==0 ){
    i64 iRowid = nodeGetRowid(pRtree, pCsr->pNode, pCsr->iCell);
    sqlite3_result_int64(ctx, iRowid);
  }else{
    RtreeCoord c;

    nodeGetCoord(pRtree, pCsr->pNode, pCsr->iCell, i-1, &c);
#ifndef SQLITE_RTREE_INT_ONLY
    if( pRtree->eCoordType==RTREE_COORD_REAL32 ){
      sqlite3_result_double(ctx, c.f);
    }else
#endif
    {
      assert( pRtree->eCoordType==RTREE_COORD_INT32 );
      sqlite3_result_int(ctx, c.i);
    }
  }

  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/* 
** Use nodeAcquire() to obtain the leaf node containing the record with 
** rowid iRowid. If successful, set *ppLeaf to point to the node and
** return SQLITE_OK. If there is no such record in the table, set
** *ppLeaf to 0 and return SQLITE_OK. If an error occurs, set *ppLeaf
** to zero and return an SQLite error code.
*/
static int findLeafNode(Rtree *pRtree, i64 iRowid, RtreeNode **ppLeaf){





  int rc;
  *ppLeaf = 0;
  sqlite3_bind_int64(pRtree->pReadRowid, 1, iRowid);
  if( sqlite3_step(pRtree->pReadRowid)==SQLITE_ROW ){
    i64 iNode = sqlite3_column_int64(pRtree->pReadRowid, 0);

    rc = nodeAcquire(pRtree, iNode, 0, ppLeaf);
    sqlite3_reset(pRtree->pReadRowid);
  }else{
    rc = sqlite3_reset(pRtree->pReadRowid);
  }
  return rc;
}
................................................................................
/*
** This function is called to configure the RtreeConstraint object passed
** as the second argument for a MATCH constraint. The value passed as the
** first argument to this function is the right-hand operand to the MATCH
** operator.
*/
static int deserializeGeometry(sqlite3_value *pValue, RtreeConstraint *pCons){
  RtreeMatchArg *p;
  sqlite3_rtree_geometry *pGeom;
  int nBlob;


  /* Check that value is actually a blob. */
  if( sqlite3_value_type(pValue)!=SQLITE_BLOB ) return SQLITE_ERROR;

  /* Check that the blob is roughly the right size. */
  nBlob = sqlite3_value_bytes(pValue);
  if( nBlob<(int)sizeof(RtreeMatchArg) 
   || ((nBlob-sizeof(RtreeMatchArg))%sizeof(RtreeDValue))!=0
  ){
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }

  pGeom = (sqlite3_rtree_geometry *)sqlite3_malloc(
      sizeof(sqlite3_rtree_geometry) + nBlob
  );
  if( !pGeom ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  memset(pGeom, 0, sizeof(sqlite3_rtree_geometry));
  p = (RtreeMatchArg *)&pGeom[1];

  memcpy(p, sqlite3_value_blob(pValue), nBlob);
  if( p->magic!=RTREE_GEOMETRY_MAGIC 
   || nBlob!=(int)(sizeof(RtreeMatchArg) + (p->nParam-1)*sizeof(RtreeDValue))
  ){
    sqlite3_free(pGeom);
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }

  pGeom->pContext = p->pContext;
  pGeom->nParam = p->nParam;
  pGeom->aParam = p->aParam;

  pCons->xGeom = p->xGeom;
  pCons->pGeom = pGeom;


  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/* 
** Rtree virtual table module xFilter method.
*/
static int rtreeFilter(
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pVtabCursor, 
  int idxNum, const char *idxStr,
  int argc, sqlite3_value **argv
){
  Rtree *pRtree = (Rtree *)pVtabCursor->pVtab;
  RtreeCursor *pCsr = (RtreeCursor *)pVtabCursor;

  RtreeNode *pRoot = 0;
  int ii;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;


  rtreeReference(pRtree);

  freeCursorConstraints(pCsr);
  pCsr->iStrategy = idxNum;

  if( idxNum==1 ){
    /* Special case - lookup by rowid. */
    RtreeNode *pLeaf;        /* Leaf on which the required cell resides */

    i64 iRowid = sqlite3_value_int64(argv[0]);

    rc = findLeafNode(pRtree, iRowid, &pLeaf);
    pCsr->pNode = pLeaf; 
    if( pLeaf ){
      assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );





      rc = nodeRowidIndex(pRtree, pLeaf, iRowid, &pCsr->iCell);




    }
  }else{
    /* Normal case - r-tree scan. Set up the RtreeCursor.aConstraint array 
    ** with the configured constraints. 
    */

    if( argc>0 ){
      pCsr->aConstraint = sqlite3_malloc(sizeof(RtreeConstraint)*argc);
      pCsr->nConstraint = argc;
      if( !pCsr->aConstraint ){
        rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
      }else{
        memset(pCsr->aConstraint, 0, sizeof(RtreeConstraint)*argc);

        assert( (idxStr==0 && argc==0)
                || (idxStr && (int)strlen(idxStr)==argc*2) );
        for(ii=0; ii<argc; ii++){
          RtreeConstraint *p = &pCsr->aConstraint[ii];
          p->op = idxStr[ii*2];
          p->iCoord = idxStr[ii*2+1]-'a';
          if( p->op==RTREE_MATCH ){
            /* A MATCH operator. The right-hand-side must be a blob that
            ** can be cast into an RtreeMatchArg object. One created using
            ** an sqlite3_rtree_geometry_callback() SQL user function.
            */
            rc = deserializeGeometry(argv[ii], p);
            if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
              break;
            }



          }else{
#ifdef SQLITE_RTREE_INT_ONLY
            p->rValue = sqlite3_value_int64(argv[ii]);
#else
            p->rValue = sqlite3_value_double(argv[ii]);
#endif
          }
        }
      }
    }
  
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      pCsr->pNode = 0;
      rc = nodeAcquire(pRtree, 1, 0, &pRoot);
    }

    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){

      int isEof = 1;
      int nCell = NCELL(pRoot);
      pCsr->pNode = pRoot;
      for(pCsr->iCell=0; rc==SQLITE_OK && pCsr->iCell<nCell; pCsr->iCell++){
        assert( pCsr->pNode==pRoot );
        rc = descendToCell(pRtree, pCsr, pRtree->iDepth, &isEof);
        if( !isEof ){
          break;
        }
      }
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK && isEof ){
        assert( pCsr->pNode==pRoot );
        nodeRelease(pRtree, pRoot);
        pCsr->pNode = 0;


      }
      assert( rc!=SQLITE_OK || !pCsr->pNode || pCsr->iCell<NCELL(pCsr->pNode) );
    }
  }


  rtreeRelease(pRtree);
  return rc;
}

/*
** Set the pIdxInfo->estimatedRows variable to nRow. Unless this
** extension is currently being used by a version of SQLite too old to
................................................................................
        case SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_GE: op = RTREE_GE; break;
        default:
          assert( p->op==SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_MATCH );
          op = RTREE_MATCH; 
          break;
      }
      zIdxStr[iIdx++] = op;
      zIdxStr[iIdx++] = p->iColumn - 1 + 'a';
      pIdxInfo->aConstraintUsage[ii].argvIndex = (iIdx/2);
      pIdxInfo->aConstraintUsage[ii].omit = 1;
    }
  }

  pIdxInfo->idxNum = 2;
  pIdxInfo->needToFreeIdxStr = 1;
................................................................................
  RtreeCell cell;
  memcpy(&cell, p, sizeof(RtreeCell));
  area = cellArea(pRtree, &cell);
  cellUnion(pRtree, &cell, pCell);
  return (cellArea(pRtree, &cell)-area);
}

#if VARIANT_RSTARTREE_CHOOSESUBTREE || VARIANT_RSTARTREE_SPLIT
static RtreeDValue cellOverlap(
  Rtree *pRtree, 
  RtreeCell *p, 
  RtreeCell *aCell, 
  int nCell, 
  int iExclude
){
  int ii;
  RtreeDValue overlap = 0.0;
  for(ii=0; ii<nCell; ii++){
#if VARIANT_RSTARTREE_CHOOSESUBTREE
    if( ii!=iExclude )
#else
    assert( iExclude==-1 );
    UNUSED_PARAMETER(iExclude);
#endif
    {
      int jj;
      RtreeDValue o = (RtreeDValue)1;
      for(jj=0; jj<(pRtree->nDim*2); jj+=2){
        RtreeDValue x1, x2;

        x1 = MAX(DCOORD(p->aCoord[jj]), DCOORD(aCell[ii].aCoord[jj]));
        x2 = MIN(DCOORD(p->aCoord[jj+1]), DCOORD(aCell[ii].aCoord[jj+1]));

        if( x2<x1 ){
          o = 0.0;

          break;
        }else{
          o = o * (x2-x1);
        }
      }
      overlap += o;
    }
  }
  return overlap;
}
#endif

#if VARIANT_RSTARTREE_CHOOSESUBTREE
static RtreeDValue cellOverlapEnlargement(
  Rtree *pRtree, 
  RtreeCell *p, 
  RtreeCell *pInsert, 
  RtreeCell *aCell, 
  int nCell, 
  int iExclude
){
  RtreeDValue before, after;
  before = cellOverlap(pRtree, p, aCell, nCell, iExclude);
  cellUnion(pRtree, p, pInsert);
  after = cellOverlap(pRtree, p, aCell, nCell, iExclude);
  return (after-before);
}
#endif


/*
** This function implements the ChooseLeaf algorithm from Gutman[84].
** ChooseSubTree in r*tree terminology.
*/
static int ChooseLeaf(
................................................................................
  RtreeNode *pNode;
  rc = nodeAcquire(pRtree, 1, 0, &pNode);

  for(ii=0; rc==SQLITE_OK && ii<(pRtree->iDepth-iHeight); ii++){
    int iCell;
    sqlite3_int64 iBest = 0;

    RtreeDValue fMinGrowth = 0.0;
    RtreeDValue fMinArea = 0.0;
#if VARIANT_RSTARTREE_CHOOSESUBTREE
    RtreeDValue fMinOverlap = 0.0;
    RtreeDValue overlap;
#endif

    int nCell = NCELL(pNode);
    RtreeCell cell;
    RtreeNode *pChild;

    RtreeCell *aCell = 0;

#if VARIANT_RSTARTREE_CHOOSESUBTREE
    if( ii==(pRtree->iDepth-1) ){
      int jj;
      aCell = sqlite3_malloc(sizeof(RtreeCell)*nCell);
      if( !aCell ){
        rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
        nodeRelease(pRtree, pNode);
        pNode = 0;
        continue;
      }
      for(jj=0; jj<nCell; jj++){
        nodeGetCell(pRtree, pNode, jj, &aCell[jj]);
      }
    }
#endif

    /* Select the child node which will be enlarged the least if pCell
    ** is inserted into it. Resolve ties by choosing the entry with
    ** the smallest area.
    */
    for(iCell=0; iCell<nCell; iCell++){
      int bBest = 0;
      RtreeDValue growth;
      RtreeDValue area;
      nodeGetCell(pRtree, pNode, iCell, &cell);
      growth = cellGrowth(pRtree, &cell, pCell);
      area = cellArea(pRtree, &cell);

#if VARIANT_RSTARTREE_CHOOSESUBTREE
      if( ii==(pRtree->iDepth-1) ){
        overlap = cellOverlapEnlargement(pRtree,&cell,pCell,aCell,nCell,iCell);
      }else{
        overlap = 0.0;
      }
      if( (iCell==0) 
       || (overlap<fMinOverlap) 
       || (overlap==fMinOverlap && growth<fMinGrowth)
       || (overlap==fMinOverlap && growth==fMinGrowth && area<fMinArea)
      ){
        bBest = 1;
        fMinOverlap = overlap;
      }
#else
      if( iCell==0||growth<fMinGrowth||(growth==fMinGrowth && area<fMinArea) ){
        bBest = 1;
      }
#endif
      if( bBest ){
        fMinGrowth = growth;
        fMinArea = area;
        iBest = cell.iRowid;
      }
    }

................................................................................
  sqlite3_bind_int64(pRtree->pWriteParent, 2, iPar);
  sqlite3_step(pRtree->pWriteParent);
  return sqlite3_reset(pRtree->pWriteParent);
}

static int rtreeInsertCell(Rtree *, RtreeNode *, RtreeCell *, int);

#if VARIANT_GUTTMAN_LINEAR_SPLIT
/*
** Implementation of the linear variant of the PickNext() function from
** Guttman[84].
*/
static RtreeCell *LinearPickNext(
  Rtree *pRtree,
  RtreeCell *aCell, 
  int nCell, 
  RtreeCell *pLeftBox, 
  RtreeCell *pRightBox,
  int *aiUsed
){
  int ii;
  for(ii=0; aiUsed[ii]; ii++);
  aiUsed[ii] = 1;
  return &aCell[ii];
}

/*
** Implementation of the linear variant of the PickSeeds() function from
** Guttman[84].
*/
static void LinearPickSeeds(
  Rtree *pRtree,
  RtreeCell *aCell, 
  int nCell, 
  int *piLeftSeed, 
  int *piRightSeed
){
  int i;
  int iLeftSeed = 0;
  int iRightSeed = 1;
  RtreeDValue maxNormalInnerWidth = (RtreeDValue)0;

  /* Pick two "seed" cells from the array of cells. The algorithm used
  ** here is the LinearPickSeeds algorithm from Gutman[1984]. The 
  ** indices of the two seed cells in the array are stored in local
  ** variables iLeftSeek and iRightSeed.
  */
  for(i=0; i<pRtree->nDim; i++){
    RtreeDValue x1 = DCOORD(aCell[0].aCoord[i*2]);
    RtreeDValue x2 = DCOORD(aCell[0].aCoord[i*2+1]);
    RtreeDValue x3 = x1;
    RtreeDValue x4 = x2;
    int jj;

    int iCellLeft = 0;
    int iCellRight = 0;

    for(jj=1; jj<nCell; jj++){
      RtreeDValue left = DCOORD(aCell[jj].aCoord[i*2]);
      RtreeDValue right = DCOORD(aCell[jj].aCoord[i*2+1]);

      if( left<x1 ) x1 = left;
      if( right>x4 ) x4 = right;
      if( left>x3 ){
        x3 = left;
        iCellRight = jj;
      }
      if( right<x2 ){
        x2 = right;
        iCellLeft = jj;
      }
    }

    if( x4!=x1 ){
      RtreeDValue normalwidth = (x3 - x2) / (x4 - x1);
      if( normalwidth>maxNormalInnerWidth ){
        iLeftSeed = iCellLeft;
        iRightSeed = iCellRight;
      }
    }
  }

  *piLeftSeed = iLeftSeed;
  *piRightSeed = iRightSeed;
}
#endif /* VARIANT_GUTTMAN_LINEAR_SPLIT */

#if VARIANT_GUTTMAN_QUADRATIC_SPLIT
/*
** Implementation of the quadratic variant of the PickNext() function from
** Guttman[84].
*/
static RtreeCell *QuadraticPickNext(
  Rtree *pRtree,
  RtreeCell *aCell, 
  int nCell, 
  RtreeCell *pLeftBox, 
  RtreeCell *pRightBox,
  int *aiUsed
){
  #define FABS(a) ((a)<0.0?-1.0*(a):(a))

  int iSelect = -1;
  RtreeDValue fDiff;
  int ii;
  for(ii=0; ii<nCell; ii++){
    if( aiUsed[ii]==0 ){
      RtreeDValue left = cellGrowth(pRtree, pLeftBox, &aCell[ii]);
      RtreeDValue right = cellGrowth(pRtree, pLeftBox, &aCell[ii]);
      RtreeDValue diff = FABS(right-left);
      if( iSelect<0 || diff>fDiff ){
        fDiff = diff;
        iSelect = ii;
      }
    }
  }
  aiUsed[iSelect] = 1;
  return &aCell[iSelect];
}

/*
** Implementation of the quadratic variant of the PickSeeds() function from
** Guttman[84].
*/
static void QuadraticPickSeeds(
  Rtree *pRtree,
  RtreeCell *aCell, 
  int nCell, 
  int *piLeftSeed, 
  int *piRightSeed
){
  int ii;
  int jj;

  int iLeftSeed = 0;
  int iRightSeed = 1;
  RtreeDValue fWaste = 0.0;

  for(ii=0; ii<nCell; ii++){
    for(jj=ii+1; jj<nCell; jj++){
      RtreeDValue right = cellArea(pRtree, &aCell[jj]);
      RtreeDValue growth = cellGrowth(pRtree, &aCell[ii], &aCell[jj]);
      RtreeDValue waste = growth - right;

      if( waste>fWaste ){
        iLeftSeed = ii;
        iRightSeed = jj;
        fWaste = waste;
      }
    }
  }

  *piLeftSeed = iLeftSeed;
  *piRightSeed = iRightSeed;
}
#endif /* VARIANT_GUTTMAN_QUADRATIC_SPLIT */

/*
** Arguments aIdx, aDistance and aSpare all point to arrays of size
** nIdx. The aIdx array contains the set of integers from 0 to 
** (nIdx-1) in no particular order. This function sorts the values
** in aIdx according to the indexed values in aDistance. For
** example, assuming the inputs:
................................................................................
        assert( xleft1<=xright1 && (xleft1<xright1 || xleft2<=xright2) );
      }
    }
#endif
  }
}

#if VARIANT_RSTARTREE_SPLIT
/*
** Implementation of the R*-tree variant of SplitNode from Beckman[1990].
*/
static int splitNodeStartree(
  Rtree *pRtree,
  RtreeCell *aCell,
  int nCell,
................................................................................
){
  int **aaSorted;
  int *aSpare;
  int ii;

  int iBestDim = 0;
  int iBestSplit = 0;
  RtreeDValue fBestMargin = 0.0;

  int nByte = (pRtree->nDim+1)*(sizeof(int*)+nCell*sizeof(int));

  aaSorted = (int **)sqlite3_malloc(nByte);
  if( !aaSorted ){
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
................................................................................
    for(jj=0; jj<nCell; jj++){
      aaSorted[ii][jj] = jj;
    }
    SortByDimension(pRtree, aaSorted[ii], nCell, ii, aCell, aSpare);
  }

  for(ii=0; ii<pRtree->nDim; ii++){
    RtreeDValue margin = 0.0;
    RtreeDValue fBestOverlap = 0.0;
    RtreeDValue fBestArea = 0.0;
    int iBestLeft = 0;
    int nLeft;

    for(
      nLeft=RTREE_MINCELLS(pRtree); 
      nLeft<=(nCell-RTREE_MINCELLS(pRtree)); 
      nLeft++
................................................................................
          cellUnion(pRtree, &left, &aCell[aaSorted[ii][kk]]);
        }else{
          cellUnion(pRtree, &right, &aCell[aaSorted[ii][kk]]);
        }
      }
      margin += cellMargin(pRtree, &left);
      margin += cellMargin(pRtree, &right);
      overlap = cellOverlap(pRtree, &left, &right, 1, -1);
      area = cellArea(pRtree, &left) + cellArea(pRtree, &right);
      if( (nLeft==RTREE_MINCELLS(pRtree))
       || (overlap<fBestOverlap)
       || (overlap==fBestOverlap && area<fBestArea)
      ){
        iBestLeft = nLeft;
        fBestOverlap = overlap;
................................................................................
    nodeInsertCell(pRtree, pTarget, pCell);
    cellUnion(pRtree, pBbox, pCell);
  }

  sqlite3_free(aaSorted);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
#endif

#if VARIANT_GUTTMAN_SPLIT
/*
** Implementation of the regular R-tree SplitNode from Guttman[1984].
*/
static int splitNodeGuttman(
  Rtree *pRtree,
  RtreeCell *aCell,
  int nCell,
  RtreeNode *pLeft,
  RtreeNode *pRight,
  RtreeCell *pBboxLeft,
  RtreeCell *pBboxRight
){
  int iLeftSeed = 0;
  int iRightSeed = 1;
  int *aiUsed;
  int i;

  aiUsed = sqlite3_malloc(sizeof(int)*nCell);
  if( !aiUsed ){
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  memset(aiUsed, 0, sizeof(int)*nCell);

  PickSeeds(pRtree, aCell, nCell, &iLeftSeed, &iRightSeed);

  memcpy(pBboxLeft, &aCell[iLeftSeed], sizeof(RtreeCell));
  memcpy(pBboxRight, &aCell[iRightSeed], sizeof(RtreeCell));
  nodeInsertCell(pRtree, pLeft, &aCell[iLeftSeed]);
  nodeInsertCell(pRtree, pRight, &aCell[iRightSeed]);
  aiUsed[iLeftSeed] = 1;
  aiUsed[iRightSeed] = 1;

  for(i=nCell-2; i>0; i--){
    RtreeCell *pNext;
    pNext = PickNext(pRtree, aCell, nCell, pBboxLeft, pBboxRight, aiUsed);
    RtreeDValue diff =  
      cellGrowth(pRtree, pBboxLeft, pNext) - 
      cellGrowth(pRtree, pBboxRight, pNext)
    ;
    if( (RTREE_MINCELLS(pRtree)-NCELL(pRight)==i)
     || (diff>0.0 && (RTREE_MINCELLS(pRtree)-NCELL(pLeft)!=i))
    ){
      nodeInsertCell(pRtree, pRight, pNext);
      cellUnion(pRtree, pBboxRight, pNext);
    }else{
      nodeInsertCell(pRtree, pLeft, pNext);
      cellUnion(pRtree, pBboxLeft, pNext);
    }
  }

  sqlite3_free(aiUsed);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
#endif

static int updateMapping(
  Rtree *pRtree, 
  i64 iRowid, 
  RtreeNode *pNode, 
  int iHeight
){
................................................................................
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    goto splitnode_out;
  }

  memset(pLeft->zData, 0, pRtree->iNodeSize);
  memset(pRight->zData, 0, pRtree->iNodeSize);

  rc = AssignCells(pRtree, aCell, nCell, pLeft, pRight, &leftbbox, &rightbbox);

  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    goto splitnode_out;
  }

  /* Ensure both child nodes have node numbers assigned to them by calling
  ** nodeWrite(). Node pRight always needs a node number, as it was created
  ** by nodeNew() above. But node pLeft sometimes already has a node number.
................................................................................
    }
  }
  for(iDim=0; iDim<pRtree->nDim; iDim++){
    aCenterCoord[iDim] = (aCenterCoord[iDim]/(nCell*(RtreeDValue)2));
  }

  for(ii=0; ii<nCell; ii++){
    aDistance[ii] = 0.0;
    for(iDim=0; iDim<pRtree->nDim; iDim++){
      RtreeDValue coord = (DCOORD(aCell[ii].aCoord[iDim*2+1]) - 
                               DCOORD(aCell[ii].aCoord[iDim*2]));
      aDistance[ii] += (coord-aCenterCoord[iDim])*(coord-aCenterCoord[iDim]);
    }
  }

................................................................................
    if( pChild ){
      nodeRelease(pRtree, pChild->pParent);
      nodeReference(pNode);
      pChild->pParent = pNode;
    }
  }
  if( nodeInsertCell(pRtree, pNode, pCell) ){
#if VARIANT_RSTARTREE_REINSERT
    if( iHeight<=pRtree->iReinsertHeight || pNode->iNode==1){
      rc = SplitNode(pRtree, pNode, pCell, iHeight);
    }else{
      pRtree->iReinsertHeight = iHeight;
      rc = Reinsert(pRtree, pNode, pCell, iHeight);
    }
#else
    rc = SplitNode(pRtree, pNode, pCell, iHeight);
#endif
  }else{
    rc = AdjustTree(pRtree, pNode, pCell);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      if( iHeight==0 ){
        rc = rowidWrite(pRtree, pCell->iRowid, pNode->iNode);
      }else{
        rc = parentWrite(pRtree, pCell->iRowid, pNode->iNode);
................................................................................
  /* Obtain a reference to the root node to initialize Rtree.iDepth */
  rc = nodeAcquire(pRtree, 1, 0, &pRoot);

  /* Obtain a reference to the leaf node that contains the entry 
  ** about to be deleted. 
  */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = findLeafNode(pRtree, iDelete, &pLeaf);
  }

  /* Delete the cell in question from the leaf node. */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    int rc2;
    rc = nodeRowidIndex(pRtree, pLeaf, iDelete, &iCell);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
................................................................................

/*
** This function populates the pRtree->nRowEst variable with an estimate
** of the number of rows in the virtual table. If possible, this is based
** on sqlite_stat1 data. Otherwise, use RTREE_DEFAULT_ROWEST.
*/
static int rtreeQueryStat1(sqlite3 *db, Rtree *pRtree){
  const char *zSql = "SELECT stat FROM sqlite_stat1 WHERE tbl= ? || '_rowid'";

  sqlite3_stmt *p;
  int rc;
  i64 nRow = 0;





  rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(db, zSql, -1, &p, 0);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3_bind_text(p, 1, pRtree->zName, -1, SQLITE_STATIC);
    if( sqlite3_step(p)==SQLITE_ROW ) nRow = sqlite3_column_int64(p, 0);
    rc = sqlite3_finalize(p);
  }else if( rc!=SQLITE_NOMEM ){
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
  }

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( nRow==0 ){
      pRtree->nRowEst = RTREE_DEFAULT_ROWEST;
    }else{
      pRtree->nRowEst = MAX(nRow, RTREE_MIN_ROWEST);
    }


  }

  return rc;
}

static sqlite3_module rtreeModule = {
  0,                          /* iVersion */
................................................................................

  pRtree->db = db;

  if( isCreate ){
    char *zCreate = sqlite3_mprintf(
"CREATE TABLE \"%w\".\"%w_node\"(nodeno INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, data BLOB);"
"CREATE TABLE \"%w\".\"%w_rowid\"(rowid INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, nodeno INTEGER);"
"CREATE TABLE \"%w\".\"%w_parent\"(nodeno INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, parentnode INTEGER);"

"INSERT INTO '%q'.'%q_node' VALUES(1, zeroblob(%d))",
      zDb, zPrefix, zDb, zPrefix, zDb, zPrefix, zDb, zPrefix, pRtree->iNodeSize
    );
    if( !zCreate ){
      return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
    rc = sqlite3_exec(db, zCreate, 0, 0, 0);
................................................................................
      sqlite3_free(zSql);
    }
  }

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    *ppVtab = (sqlite3_vtab *)pRtree;
  }else{


    rtreeRelease(pRtree);
  }
  return rc;
}


/*
** Implementation of a scalar function that decodes r-tree nodes to
** human readable strings. This can be used for debugging and analysis.
**
** The scalar function takes two arguments, a blob of data containing
** an r-tree node, and the number of dimensions the r-tree indexes.
** For a two-dimensional r-tree structure called "rt", to deserialize
** all nodes, a statement like:
**
**   SELECT rtreenode(2, data) FROM rt_node;
**
** The human readable string takes the form of a Tcl list with one
** entry for each cell in the r-tree node. Each entry is itself a
** list, containing the 8-byte rowid/pageno followed by the 
** <num-dimension>*2 coordinates.
................................................................................
    int jj;

    nodeGetCell(&tree, &node, ii, &cell);
    sqlite3_snprintf(512-nCell,&zCell[nCell],"%lld", cell.iRowid);
    nCell = (int)strlen(zCell);
    for(jj=0; jj<tree.nDim*2; jj++){
#ifndef SQLITE_RTREE_INT_ONLY
      sqlite3_snprintf(512-nCell,&zCell[nCell], " %f",
                       (double)cell.aCoord[jj].f);
#else
      sqlite3_snprintf(512-nCell,&zCell[nCell], " %d",
                       cell.aCoord[jj].i);
#endif
      nCell = (int)strlen(zCell);
    }
................................................................................
      zText = sqlite3_mprintf("{%s}", zCell);
    }
  }
  
  sqlite3_result_text(ctx, zText, -1, sqlite3_free);
}










static void rtreedepth(sqlite3_context *ctx, int nArg, sqlite3_value **apArg){
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(nArg);
  if( sqlite3_value_type(apArg[0])!=SQLITE_BLOB 
   || sqlite3_value_bytes(apArg[0])<2
  ){
    sqlite3_result_error(ctx, "Invalid argument to rtreedepth()", -1); 
  }else{
................................................................................
    rc = sqlite3_create_module_v2(db, "rtree_i32", &rtreeModule, c, 0);
  }

  return rc;
}

/*
** A version of sqlite3_free() that can be used as a callback. This is used
** in two places - as the destructor for the blob value returned by the
** invocation of a geometry function, and as the destructor for the geometry
** functions themselves.

*/
static void doSqlite3Free(void *p){



  sqlite3_free(p);
}

/*
** Each call to sqlite3_rtree_geometry_callback() creates an ordinary SQLite
** scalar user function. This C function is the callback used for all such
** registered SQL functions.
**
** The scalar user functions return a blob that is interpreted by r-tree
** table MATCH operators.






*/
static void geomCallback(sqlite3_context *ctx, int nArg, sqlite3_value **aArg){
  RtreeGeomCallback *pGeomCtx = (RtreeGeomCallback *)sqlite3_user_data(ctx);
  RtreeMatchArg *pBlob;
  int nBlob;

  nBlob = sizeof(RtreeMatchArg) + (nArg-1)*sizeof(RtreeDValue);
  pBlob = (RtreeMatchArg *)sqlite3_malloc(nBlob);
  if( !pBlob ){
    sqlite3_result_error_nomem(ctx);
  }else{
    int i;
    pBlob->magic = RTREE_GEOMETRY_MAGIC;
    pBlob->xGeom = pGeomCtx->xGeom;
    pBlob->pContext = pGeomCtx->pContext;
    pBlob->nParam = nArg;
    for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
#ifdef SQLITE_RTREE_INT_ONLY
      pBlob->aParam[i] = sqlite3_value_int64(aArg[i]);
#else
      pBlob->aParam[i] = sqlite3_value_double(aArg[i]);
#endif
    }
    sqlite3_result_blob(ctx, pBlob, nBlob, doSqlite3Free);
  }
}

/*
** Register a new geometry function for use with the r-tree MATCH operator.
*/
int sqlite3_rtree_geometry_callback(
  sqlite3 *db,
  const char *zGeom,
  int (*xGeom)(sqlite3_rtree_geometry *, int, RtreeDValue *, int *),
  void *pContext
){
  RtreeGeomCallback *pGeomCtx;      /* Context object for new user-function */

  /* Allocate and populate the context object. */
  pGeomCtx = (RtreeGeomCallback *)sqlite3_malloc(sizeof(RtreeGeomCallback));
  if( !pGeomCtx ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  pGeomCtx->xGeom = xGeom;


  pGeomCtx->pContext = pContext;




  /* Create the new user-function. Register a destructor function to delete
  ** the context object when it is no longer required.  */





















  return sqlite3_create_function_v2(db, zGeom, -1, SQLITE_ANY, 
      (void *)pGeomCtx, geomCallback, 0, 0, doSqlite3Free
  );
}

#if !SQLITE_CORE
#ifdef _WIN32
__declspec(dllexport)
#endif







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50
51
52
53
54
55
56










































57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
..
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
...
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123

124
125
126
127
128
129
130
...
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
...
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246

247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
...
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275

276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351

352
353
354













355
356
357
358
359
360
361
...
441
442
443
444
445
446
447



448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
...
501
502
503
504
505
506
507

508
509
510
511
512
513
514
515
...
590
591
592
593
594
595
596
597
598
599
600
601
602
603
604
605
606
607
608
609
610
611
612
613
614
615
616
617
618
619
...
622
623
624
625
626
627
628

629
630
631
632
633
634
635
636
637
638
639
...
646
647
648
649
650
651
652

653
654
655
656
657
658
659
660
...
671
672
673
674
675
676
677

678
679
680
681
682
683
684
685
...
699
700
701
702
703
704
705
706
707
708
709
710
711
712
713
714
715
716
717
718
719
720
721
722
723
724
725
726
727
728
729
730
731
732
733
734
735
736
737
738
739
740
741
742

743
744
745
746
747
748
749
750
751
752
...
864
865
866
867
868
869
870
871
872
873
874
875
876
877
878
879
880
881
882
883
884
885
886
887
888
889
890
891
892
893
894
895
896
897
898
899
900
901
902
903

904
905
906
907

908
909
910
911
912
913
914
915
916
917
918
919
920
921
922




923
924
925
926




927
928
929
930


931
932
933
934
935
936


937
938
939
940
941
942
943

944
945

946







947
948
949












950
951
952
953
954
955
956
957
958
959
960
961
962
963




964
965
966



967
968
969



970
971
972
973

974



975
976
977
978
979
980
981
982
983
984
985
986
987
988
989



990
991
992
993





994
995
996
997




998
999
1000
1001
1002
1003
1004
1005
1006
1007
1008




1009
1010





1011
1012

1013
1014
1015


1016







1017
1018
1019
1020
1021
1022



1023
1024
1025
1026
1027
1028
1029
1030
1031



1032

1033
1034
1035
1036
1037
1038
1039
1040
1041





1042
1043
1044
1045
1046
1047





1048
1049

1050

1051
1052

1053
1054
1055
1056
1057

1058
1059

1060





























1061
1062
1063
1064
1065
1066
1067
1068
....
1069
1070
1071
1072
1073
1074
1075
1076
1077
1078
1079
1080
1081
1082
1083
....
1091
1092
1093
1094
1095
1096
1097
1098
1099
1100
1101
1102
1103
1104
1105
1106
1107
1108




1109
1110
1111
1112
1113
1114
1115
1116
1117
1118



1119
1120
1121
1122
1123
1124
1125
1126
1127
1128
1129
1130
1131
1132
1133
1134
1135
1136
1137
1138
1139
1140
1141
1142
1143
1144
1145
1146
1147
1148
1149
1150
1151
1152
1153
1154
1155
1156
1157
1158
1159
1160




1161
1162
1163
1164
1165
1166
1167
1168
1169
1170
1171
1172
1173
1174
1175
1176
1177
1178
1179
1180
1181
1182
1183
1184
1185
1186
1187
1188
1189
1190
1191
1192
1193
1194
1195
1196
1197
1198
1199
1200
1201
1202
1203
1204
1205
1206
1207
1208
1209
1210
1211
1212
1213
1214
1215
1216
1217
1218
1219
1220
1221
1222

1223
1224
1225
1226
1227
1228
1229
1230
1231
1232
1233
1234
1235
1236
1237
1238
1239
1240
1241
1242
1243
1244
1245
1246
1247
1248
1249
1250
1251
1252

1253
1254
1255
1256
1257
1258
1259
1260
1261
1262
1263
1264
1265
1266
1267
1268
1269
1270
1271
1272
1273
1274
1275
1276
1277
1278
1279
1280
1281
1282
1283
1284
1285
1286
1287
1288
1289
1290
1291
1292
1293
1294
1295
1296
1297
1298
1299
1300
1301
1302
1303
1304
1305
1306
1307
1308
1309
1310
1311
1312
1313
1314
1315
1316
1317
1318
1319
1320
1321
1322
1323

1324
1325


1326
1327
1328
1329
1330
1331
1332
1333
1334
1335
1336
1337
1338
1339
1340
1341
1342
1343
1344
1345
1346
1347
1348
1349
1350
1351




1352
1353
1354
1355
1356
1357
1358
1359
1360
1361



1362
1363
1364
1365
1366
1367
1368
1369
1370
1371
1372
1373
1374
1375
1376
1377
1378
1379
1380
1381
1382
1383
1384
1385
1386
1387
1388
1389
1390
1391
1392
1393
1394
1395
1396
1397
1398
1399
1400
1401

1402

1403
1404
1405
1406
1407
1408
1409
1410
1411
1412
1413
1414
1415
1416
1417
1418
1419
1420
1421
1422
1423
1424
1425

1426
1427

1428
1429
1430
1431
1432
1433
1434
1435
1436
1437
1438
1439

1440
1441
1442
1443
1444
1445
1446
1447
1448
1449
1450
1451
1452
1453
1454
1455
1456
1457
1458
1459
1460
1461
1462
1463
1464
1465
1466
1467
1468
....
1470
1471
1472
1473
1474
1475
1476
1477
1478
1479
1480
1481
1482
1483
1484
1485
1486
1487
1488
1489
1490
1491
1492
1493
1494
1495
1496
1497
1498
1499
1500
1501
1502
1503
1504
1505
1506
1507
1508
1509
1510
1511
1512
1513
1514
1515
1516
1517
1518
1519
1520
1521
1522
1523
1524
1525
1526
1527
1528

1529
1530
1531
1532
1533
1534
1535
1536
1537
1538
1539
1540
1541
1542
1543
1544
1545


1546
1547
1548
1549
1550
1551
1552
1553
1554
1555
1556
1557
1558
1559
1560
1561
1562
1563
1564
1565
1566
1567
1568
1569
1570
1571
1572
1573
1574
1575
1576
1577
1578
1579
1580
1581
1582
1583
1584
1585
1586
1587
1588
1589
1590
1591
1592
1593
1594
1595
1596
1597
1598

1599



1600
1601
1602
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1802
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1818
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1822
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1824

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1835
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1849
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1865
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1876
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1949
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2082
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2089
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2188























































2189
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3453
**      of 4-byte coordinates. For leaf nodes the integer is the rowid
**      of a record. For internal nodes it is the node number of a
**      child page.
*/

#if !defined(SQLITE_CORE) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_RTREE)











































#ifndef SQLITE_CORE
  #include "sqlite3ext.h"
  SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT1
#else
  #include "sqlite3.h"
#endif

#include <string.h>
#include <assert.h>
#include <stdio.h>

#ifndef SQLITE_AMALGAMATION
#include "sqlite3rtree.h"
typedef sqlite3_int64 i64;
typedef unsigned char u8;
typedef unsigned short u16;
typedef unsigned int u32;
#endif

/*  The following macro is used to suppress compiler warnings.
*/
#ifndef UNUSED_PARAMETER
# define UNUSED_PARAMETER(x) (void)(x)
................................................................................
typedef struct RtreeCursor RtreeCursor;
typedef struct RtreeNode RtreeNode;
typedef struct RtreeCell RtreeCell;
typedef struct RtreeConstraint RtreeConstraint;
typedef struct RtreeMatchArg RtreeMatchArg;
typedef struct RtreeGeomCallback RtreeGeomCallback;
typedef union RtreeCoord RtreeCoord;
typedef struct RtreeSearchPoint RtreeSearchPoint;

/* The rtree may have between 1 and RTREE_MAX_DIMENSIONS dimensions. */
#define RTREE_MAX_DIMENSIONS 5

/* Size of hash table Rtree.aHash. This hash table is not expected to
** ever contain very many entries, so a fixed number of buckets is 
** used.
*/
#define HASHSIZE 97

/* The xBestIndex method of this virtual table requires an estimate of
** the number of rows in the virtual table to calculate the costs of
** various strategies. If possible, this estimate is loaded from the
** sqlite_stat1 table (with RTREE_MIN_ROWEST as a hard-coded minimum).
** Otherwise, if no sqlite_stat1 entry is available, use 
** RTREE_DEFAULT_ROWEST.
................................................................................
#define RTREE_DEFAULT_ROWEST 1048576
#define RTREE_MIN_ROWEST         100

/* 
** An rtree virtual-table object.
*/
struct Rtree {
  sqlite3_vtab base;          /* Base class.  Must be first */
  sqlite3 *db;                /* Host database connection */
  int iNodeSize;              /* Size in bytes of each node in the node table */
  u8 nDim;                    /* Number of dimensions */
  u8 eCoordType;              /* RTREE_COORD_REAL32 or RTREE_COORD_INT32 */
  u8 nBytesPerCell;           /* Bytes consumed per cell */
  int iDepth;                 /* Current depth of the r-tree structure */
  char *zDb;                  /* Name of database containing r-tree table */
  char *zName;                /* Name of r-tree table */ 

  int nBusy;                  /* Current number of users of this structure */
  i64 nRowEst;                /* Estimated number of rows in this table */

  /* List of nodes removed during a CondenseTree operation. List is
  ** linked together via the pointer normally used for hash chains -
  ** RtreeNode.pNext. RtreeNode.iNode stores the depth of the sub-tree 
  ** headed by the node (leaf nodes have RtreeNode.iNode==0).
................................................................................
  sqlite3_stmt *pDeleteRowid;

  /* Statements to read/write/delete a record from xxx_parent */
  sqlite3_stmt *pReadParent;
  sqlite3_stmt *pWriteParent;
  sqlite3_stmt *pDeleteParent;

  RtreeNode *aHash[HASHSIZE]; /* Hash table of in-memory nodes. */ 
};

/* Possible values for Rtree.eCoordType: */
#define RTREE_COORD_REAL32 0
#define RTREE_COORD_INT32  1

/*
** If SQLITE_RTREE_INT_ONLY is defined, then this virtual table will
** only deal with integer coordinates.  No floating point operations
** will be done.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_RTREE_INT_ONLY
  typedef sqlite3_int64 RtreeDValue;       /* High accuracy coordinate */
  typedef int RtreeValue;                  /* Low accuracy coordinate */
# define RTREE_ZERO 0
#else
  typedef double RtreeDValue;              /* High accuracy coordinate */
  typedef float RtreeValue;                /* Low accuracy coordinate */
# define RTREE_ZERO 0.0
#endif

/*
** When doing a search of an r-tree, instances of the following structure
** record intermediate results from the tree walk.
**
** The id is always a node-id.  For iLevel>=1 the id is the node-id of
** the node that the RtreeSearchPoint represents.  When iLevel==0, however,
** the id is of the parent node and the cell that RtreeSearchPoint
** represents is the iCell-th entry in the parent node.
*/
struct RtreeSearchPoint {
  RtreeDValue rScore;    /* The score for this node.  Smallest goes first. */
  sqlite3_int64 id;      /* Node ID */
  u8 iLevel;             /* 0=entries.  1=leaf node.  2+ for higher */
  u8 eWithin;            /* PARTLY_WITHIN or FULLY_WITHIN */
  u8 iCell;              /* Cell index within the node */
};

/*
** The minimum number of cells allowed for a node is a third of the 
** maximum. In Gutman's notation:
**
**     m = M/3
**
................................................................................
** supported cell size is 48 bytes (8 byte rowid + ten 4 byte coordinates).
** Therefore all non-root nodes must contain at least 3 entries. Since 
** 2^40 is greater than 2^64, an r-tree structure always has a depth of
** 40 or less.
*/
#define RTREE_MAX_DEPTH 40


/*
** Number of entries in the cursor RtreeNode cache.  The first entry is
** used to cache the RtreeNode for RtreeCursor.sPoint.  The remaining
** entries cache the RtreeNode for the first elements of the priority queue.
*/
#define RTREE_CACHE_SZ  5

/* 
** An rtree cursor object.
*/
struct RtreeCursor {
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor base;         /* Base class.  Must be first */
  u8 atEOF;                         /* True if at end of search */
  u8 bPoint;                        /* True if sPoint is valid */
  int iStrategy;                    /* Copy of idxNum search parameter */
  int nConstraint;                  /* Number of entries in aConstraint */
  RtreeConstraint *aConstraint;     /* Search constraints. */
  int nPointAlloc;                  /* Number of slots allocated for aPoint[] */
  int nPoint;                       /* Number of slots used in aPoint[] */
  int mxLevel;                      /* iLevel value for root of the tree */
  RtreeSearchPoint *aPoint;         /* Priority queue for search points */
  RtreeSearchPoint sPoint;          /* Cached next search point */
  RtreeNode *aNode[RTREE_CACHE_SZ]; /* Rtree node cache */
  u32 anQueue[RTREE_MAX_DEPTH+1];   /* Number of queued entries by iLevel */
};

/* Return the Rtree of a RtreeCursor */
#define RTREE_OF_CURSOR(X)   ((Rtree*)((X)->base.pVtab))

/*
** A coordinate can be either a floating point number or a integer.  All
** coordinates within a single R-Tree are always of the same time.
*/
union RtreeCoord {
  RtreeValue f;      /* Floating point value */

  int i;             /* Integer value */
  u32 u;             /* Unsigned for byte-order conversions */
};

/*
** The argument is an RtreeCoord. Return the value stored within the RtreeCoord
** formatted as a RtreeDValue (double or int64). This macro assumes that local
** variable pRtree points to the Rtree structure associated with the
** RtreeCoord.
................................................................................

/*
** A search constraint.
*/
struct RtreeConstraint {
  int iCoord;                     /* Index of constrained coordinate */
  int op;                         /* Constraining operation */
  union {
    RtreeDValue rValue;             /* Constraint value. */
    int (*xGeom)(sqlite3_rtree_geometry*,int,RtreeDValue*,int*);

    int (*xQueryFunc)(sqlite3_rtree_query_info*);
  } u;
  sqlite3_rtree_query_info *pInfo;  /* xGeom and xQueryFunc argument */
};

/* Possible values for RtreeConstraint.op */
#define RTREE_EQ    0x41  /* A */
#define RTREE_LE    0x42  /* B */
#define RTREE_LT    0x43  /* C */
#define RTREE_GE    0x44  /* D */
#define RTREE_GT    0x45  /* E */
#define RTREE_MATCH 0x46  /* F: Old-style sqlite3_rtree_geometry_callback() */
#define RTREE_QUERY 0x47  /* G: New-style sqlite3_rtree_query_callback() */


/* 
** An rtree structure node.
*/
struct RtreeNode {
  RtreeNode *pParent;         /* Parent node */
  i64 iNode;                  /* The node number */
  int nRef;                   /* Number of references to this node */
  int isDirty;                /* True if the node needs to be written to disk */
  u8 *zData;                  /* Content of the node, as should be on disk */
  RtreeNode *pNext;           /* Next node in this hash collision chain */
};

/* Return the number of cells in a node  */
#define NCELL(pNode) readInt16(&(pNode)->zData[2])

/* 
** A single cell from a node, deserialized
*/
struct RtreeCell {
  i64 iRowid;                                 /* Node or entry ID */
  RtreeCoord aCoord[RTREE_MAX_DIMENSIONS*2];  /* Bounding box coordinates */
};


/*
** This object becomes the sqlite3_user_data() for the SQL functions
** that are created by sqlite3_rtree_geometry_callback() and
** sqlite3_rtree_query_callback() and which appear on the right of MATCH
** operators in order to constrain a search.
**
** xGeom and xQueryFunc are the callback functions.  Exactly one of 
** xGeom and xQueryFunc fields is non-NULL, depending on whether the
** SQL function was created using sqlite3_rtree_geometry_callback() or
** sqlite3_rtree_query_callback().
** 
** This object is deleted automatically by the destructor mechanism in
** sqlite3_create_function_v2().
*/
struct RtreeGeomCallback {
  int (*xGeom)(sqlite3_rtree_geometry*, int, RtreeDValue*, int*);
  int (*xQueryFunc)(sqlite3_rtree_query_info*);
  void (*xDestructor)(void*);
  void *pContext;
};


/*
** Value for the first field of every RtreeMatchArg object. The MATCH
** operator tests that the first field of a blob operand matches this
** value to avoid operating on invalid blobs (which could cause a segfault).
*/
#define RTREE_GEOMETRY_MAGIC 0x891245AB

/*
** An instance of this structure (in the form of a BLOB) is returned by
** the SQL functions that sqlite3_rtree_geometry_callback() and
** sqlite3_rtree_query_callback() create, and is read as the right-hand
** operand to the MATCH operator of an R-Tree.
*/
struct RtreeMatchArg {
  u32 magic;                  /* Always RTREE_GEOMETRY_MAGIC */

  RtreeGeomCallback cb;       /* Info about the callback functions */
  int nParam;                 /* Number of parameters to the SQL function */
  RtreeDValue aParam[1];      /* Values for parameters to the SQL function */













};

#ifndef MAX
# define MAX(x,y) ((x) < (y) ? (y) : (x))
#endif
#ifndef MIN
# define MIN(x,y) ((x) > (y) ? (y) : (x))
................................................................................
}

/*
** Given a node number iNode, return the corresponding key to use
** in the Rtree.aHash table.
*/
static int nodeHash(i64 iNode){



  return iNode % HASHSIZE;
}

/*
** Search the node hash table for node iNode. If found, return a pointer
** to it. Otherwise, return 0.
*/
static RtreeNode *nodeHashLookup(Rtree *pRtree, i64 iNode){
................................................................................
  }
  return pNode;
}

/*
** Obtain a reference to an r-tree node.
*/

static int nodeAcquire(
  Rtree *pRtree,             /* R-tree structure */
  i64 iNode,                 /* Node number to load */
  RtreeNode *pParent,        /* Either the parent node or NULL */
  RtreeNode **ppNode         /* OUT: Acquired node */
){
  int rc;
  int rc2 = SQLITE_OK;
................................................................................
  return rc;
}

/*
** Overwrite cell iCell of node pNode with the contents of pCell.
*/
static void nodeOverwriteCell(
  Rtree *pRtree,             /* The overall R-Tree */
  RtreeNode *pNode,          /* The node into which the cell is to be written */
  RtreeCell *pCell,          /* The cell to write */
  int iCell                  /* Index into pNode into which pCell is written */
){
  int ii;
  u8 *p = &pNode->zData[4 + pRtree->nBytesPerCell*iCell];
  p += writeInt64(p, pCell->iRowid);
  for(ii=0; ii<(pRtree->nDim*2); ii++){
    p += writeCoord(p, &pCell->aCoord[ii]);
  }
  pNode->isDirty = 1;
}

/*
** Remove the cell with index iCell from node pNode.
*/
static void nodeDeleteCell(Rtree *pRtree, RtreeNode *pNode, int iCell){
  u8 *pDst = &pNode->zData[4 + pRtree->nBytesPerCell*iCell];
  u8 *pSrc = &pDst[pRtree->nBytesPerCell];
  int nByte = (NCELL(pNode) - iCell - 1) * pRtree->nBytesPerCell;
  memmove(pDst, pSrc, nByte);
  writeInt16(&pNode->zData[2], NCELL(pNode)-1);
................................................................................

/*
** Insert the contents of cell pCell into node pNode. If the insert
** is successful, return SQLITE_OK.
**
** If there is not enough free space in pNode, return SQLITE_FULL.
*/

static int nodeInsertCell(
  Rtree *pRtree,                /* The overall R-Tree */
  RtreeNode *pNode,             /* Write new cell into this node */
  RtreeCell *pCell              /* The cell to be inserted */
){
  int nCell;                    /* Current number of cells in pNode */
  int nMaxCell;                 /* Maximum number of cells for pNode */

  nMaxCell = (pRtree->iNodeSize-4)/pRtree->nBytesPerCell;
  nCell = NCELL(pNode);

................................................................................

  return (nCell==nMaxCell);
}

/*
** If the node is dirty, write it out to the database.
*/

static int nodeWrite(Rtree *pRtree, RtreeNode *pNode){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  if( pNode->isDirty ){
    sqlite3_stmt *p = pRtree->pWriteNode;
    if( pNode->iNode ){
      sqlite3_bind_int64(p, 1, pNode->iNode);
    }else{
      sqlite3_bind_null(p, 1);
................................................................................
  return rc;
}

/*
** Release a reference to a node. If the node is dirty and the reference
** count drops to zero, the node data is written to the database.
*/

static int nodeRelease(Rtree *pRtree, RtreeNode *pNode){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  if( pNode ){
    assert( pNode->nRef>0 );
    pNode->nRef--;
    if( pNode->nRef==0 ){
      if( pNode->iNode==1 ){
        pRtree->iDepth = -1;
................................................................................

/*
** Return the 64-bit integer value associated with cell iCell of
** node pNode. If pNode is a leaf node, this is a rowid. If it is
** an internal node, then the 64-bit integer is a child page number.
*/
static i64 nodeGetRowid(
  Rtree *pRtree,       /* The overall R-Tree */
  RtreeNode *pNode,    /* The node from which to extract the ID */
  int iCell            /* The cell index from which to extract the ID */
){
  assert( iCell<NCELL(pNode) );
  return readInt64(&pNode->zData[4 + pRtree->nBytesPerCell*iCell]);
}

/*
** Return coordinate iCoord from cell iCell in node pNode.
*/
static void nodeGetCoord(
  Rtree *pRtree,               /* The overall R-Tree */
  RtreeNode *pNode,            /* The node from which to extract a coordinate */
  int iCell,                   /* The index of the cell within the node */
  int iCoord,                  /* Which coordinate to extract */
  RtreeCoord *pCoord           /* OUT: Space to write result to */
){
  readCoord(&pNode->zData[12 + pRtree->nBytesPerCell*iCell + 4*iCoord], pCoord);
}

/*
** Deserialize cell iCell of node pNode. Populate the structure pointed
** to by pCell with the results.
*/
static void nodeGetCell(
  Rtree *pRtree,               /* The overall R-Tree */
  RtreeNode *pNode,            /* The node containing the cell to be read */
  int iCell,                   /* Index of the cell within the node */
  RtreeCell *pCell             /* OUT: Write the cell contents here */
){
  u8 *pData;
  u8 *pEnd;
  RtreeCoord *pCoord;
  pCell->iRowid = nodeGetRowid(pRtree, pNode, iCell);
  pData = pNode->zData + (12 + pRtree->nBytesPerCell*iCell);
  pEnd = pData + pRtree->nDim*8;

  pCoord = pCell->aCoord;
  for(; pData<pEnd; pData+=4, pCoord++){
    readCoord(pData, pCoord);
  }
}


/* Forward declaration for the function that does the work of
** the virtual table module xCreate() and xConnect() methods.
*/
................................................................................
/*
** Free the RtreeCursor.aConstraint[] array and its contents.
*/
static void freeCursorConstraints(RtreeCursor *pCsr){
  if( pCsr->aConstraint ){
    int i;                        /* Used to iterate through constraint array */
    for(i=0; i<pCsr->nConstraint; i++){
      sqlite3_rtree_query_info *pInfo = pCsr->aConstraint[i].pInfo;
      if( pInfo ){
        if( pInfo->xDelUser ) pInfo->xDelUser(pInfo->pUser);
        sqlite3_free(pInfo);
      }
    }
    sqlite3_free(pCsr->aConstraint);
    pCsr->aConstraint = 0;
  }
}

/* 
** Rtree virtual table module xClose method.
*/
static int rtreeClose(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *cur){
  Rtree *pRtree = (Rtree *)(cur->pVtab);
  int ii;
  RtreeCursor *pCsr = (RtreeCursor *)cur;
  freeCursorConstraints(pCsr);
  sqlite3_free(pCsr->aPoint);
  for(ii=0; ii<RTREE_CACHE_SZ; ii++) nodeRelease(pRtree, pCsr->aNode[ii]);
  sqlite3_free(pCsr);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Rtree virtual table module xEof method.
**
** Return non-zero if the cursor does not currently point to a valid 
** record (i.e if the scan has finished), or zero otherwise.
*/
static int rtreeEof(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *cur){
  RtreeCursor *pCsr = (RtreeCursor *)cur;

  return pCsr->atEOF;
}

/*

** Convert raw bits from the on-disk RTree record into a coordinate value.
** The on-disk format is big-endian and needs to be converted for little-
** endian platforms.  The on-disk record stores integer coordinates if
** eInt is true and it stores 32-bit floating point records if eInt is
** false.  a[] is the four bytes of the on-disk record to be decoded.
** Store the results in "r".
**
** There are three versions of this macro, one each for little-endian and
** big-endian processors and a third generic implementation.  The endian-
** specific implementations are much faster and are preferred if the
** processor endianness is known at compile-time.  The SQLITE_BYTEORDER
** macro is part of sqliteInt.h and hence the endian-specific
** implementation will only be used if this module is compiled as part
** of the amalgamation.
*/




#if defined(SQLITE_BYTEORDER) && SQLITE_BYTEORDER==1234
#define RTREE_DECODE_COORD(eInt, a, r) {                        \
    RtreeCoord c;    /* Coordinate decoded */                   \
    memcpy(&c.u,a,4);                                           \




    c.u = ((c.u>>24)&0xff)|((c.u>>8)&0xff00)|                   \
          ((c.u&0xff)<<24)|((c.u&0xff00)<<8);                   \
    r = eInt ? (sqlite3_rtree_dbl)c.i : (sqlite3_rtree_dbl)c.f; \
}


#elif defined(SQLITE_BYTEORDER) && SQLITE_BYTEORDER==4321
#define RTREE_DECODE_COORD(eInt, a, r) {                        \
    RtreeCoord c;    /* Coordinate decoded */                   \
    memcpy(&c.u,a,4);                                           \
    r = eInt ? (sqlite3_rtree_dbl)c.i : (sqlite3_rtree_dbl)c.f; \
}


#else
#define RTREE_DECODE_COORD(eInt, a, r) {                        \
    RtreeCoord c;    /* Coordinate decoded */                   \
    c.u = ((u32)a[0]<<24) + ((u32)a[1]<<16)                     \
           +((u32)a[2]<<8) + a[3];                              \
    r = eInt ? (sqlite3_rtree_dbl)c.i : (sqlite3_rtree_dbl)c.f; \
}

#endif


/*







** Check the RTree node or entry given by pCellData and p against the MATCH
** constraint pConstraint.  
*/












static int rtreeCallbackConstraint(
  RtreeConstraint *pConstraint,  /* The constraint to test */
  int eInt,                      /* True if RTree holding integer coordinates */
  u8 *pCellData,                 /* Raw cell content */
  RtreeSearchPoint *pSearch,     /* Container of this cell */
  sqlite3_rtree_dbl *prScore,    /* OUT: score for the cell */
  int *peWithin                  /* OUT: visibility of the cell */
){
  int i;                                                /* Loop counter */
  sqlite3_rtree_query_info *pInfo = pConstraint->pInfo; /* Callback info */
  int nCoord = pInfo->nCoord;                           /* No. of coordinates */
  int rc;                                             /* Callback return code */
  sqlite3_rtree_dbl aCoord[RTREE_MAX_DIMENSIONS*2];   /* Decoded coordinates */





  assert( pConstraint->op==RTREE_MATCH || pConstraint->op==RTREE_QUERY );
  assert( nCoord==2 || nCoord==4 || nCoord==6 || nCoord==8 || nCoord==10 );




  if( pConstraint->op==RTREE_QUERY && pSearch->iLevel==1 ){
    pInfo->iRowid = readInt64(pCellData);
  }



  pCellData += 8;
  for(i=0; i<nCoord; i++, pCellData += 4){
    RTREE_DECODE_COORD(eInt, pCellData, aCoord[i]);
  }

  if( pConstraint->op==RTREE_MATCH ){



    rc = pConstraint->u.xGeom((sqlite3_rtree_geometry*)pInfo,
                              nCoord, aCoord, &i);
    if( i==0 ) *peWithin = NOT_WITHIN;
    *prScore = RTREE_ZERO;
  }else{
    pInfo->aCoord = aCoord;
    pInfo->iLevel = pSearch->iLevel - 1;
    pInfo->rScore = pInfo->rParentScore = pSearch->rScore;
    pInfo->eWithin = pInfo->eParentWithin = pSearch->eWithin;
    rc = pConstraint->u.xQueryFunc(pInfo);
    if( pInfo->eWithin<*peWithin ) *peWithin = pInfo->eWithin;
    if( pInfo->rScore<*prScore || *prScore<RTREE_ZERO ){
      *prScore = pInfo->rScore;
    }
  }



  return rc;
}

/* 





** Check the internal RTree node given by pCellData against constraint p.
** If this constraint cannot be satisfied by any child within the node,
** set *peWithin to NOT_WITHIN.
*/




static void rtreeNonleafConstraint(
  RtreeConstraint *p,        /* The constraint to test */
  int eInt,                  /* True if RTree holds integer coordinates */
  u8 *pCellData,             /* Raw cell content as appears on disk */
  int *peWithin              /* Adjust downward, as appropriate */
){
  sqlite3_rtree_dbl val;     /* Coordinate value convert to a double */

  /* p->iCoord might point to either a lower or upper bound coordinate
  ** in a coordinate pair.  But make pCellData point to the lower bound.
  */




  pCellData += 8 + 4*(p->iCoord&0xfe);






  assert(p->op==RTREE_LE || p->op==RTREE_LT || p->op==RTREE_GE 
      || p->op==RTREE_GT || p->op==RTREE_EQ );

  switch( p->op ){
    case RTREE_LE:
    case RTREE_LT:


    case RTREE_EQ:







      RTREE_DECODE_COORD(eInt, pCellData, val);
      /* val now holds the lower bound of the coordinate pair */
      if( p->u.rValue>=val ) return;
      if( p->op!=RTREE_EQ ) break;  /* RTREE_LE and RTREE_LT end here */
      /* Fall through for the RTREE_EQ case */




    default: /* RTREE_GT or RTREE_GE,  or fallthrough of RTREE_EQ */
      pCellData += 4;
      RTREE_DECODE_COORD(eInt, pCellData, val);
      /* val now holds the upper bound of the coordinate pair */
      if( p->u.rValue<=val ) return;
  }
  *peWithin = NOT_WITHIN;
}




/*

** Check the leaf RTree cell given by pCellData against constraint p.
** If this constraint is not satisfied, set *peWithin to NOT_WITHIN.
** If the constraint is satisfied, leave *peWithin unchanged.
**
** The constraint is of the form:  xN op $val
**
** The op is given by p->op.  The xN is p->iCoord-th coordinate in
** pCellData.  $val is given by p->u.rValue.
*/





static void rtreeLeafConstraint(
  RtreeConstraint *p,        /* The constraint to test */
  int eInt,                  /* True if RTree holds integer coordinates */
  u8 *pCellData,             /* Raw cell content as appears on disk */
  int *peWithin              /* Adjust downward, as appropriate */
){





  RtreeDValue xN;      /* Coordinate value converted to a double */


  assert(p->op==RTREE_LE || p->op==RTREE_LT || p->op==RTREE_GE 

      || p->op==RTREE_GT || p->op==RTREE_EQ );
  pCellData += 8 + p->iCoord*4;

  RTREE_DECODE_COORD(eInt, pCellData, xN);
  switch( p->op ){
    case RTREE_LE: if( xN <= p->u.rValue ) return;  break;
    case RTREE_LT: if( xN <  p->u.rValue ) return;  break;
    case RTREE_GE: if( xN >= p->u.rValue ) return;  break;

    case RTREE_GT: if( xN >  p->u.rValue ) return;  break;
    default:       if( xN == p->u.rValue ) return;  break;

  }





























  *peWithin = NOT_WITHIN;
}

/*
** One of the cells in node pNode is guaranteed to have a 64-bit 
** integer value equal to iRowid. Return the index of this cell.
*/
static int nodeRowidIndex(
................................................................................
  Rtree *pRtree, 
  RtreeNode *pNode, 
  i64 iRowid,
  int *piIndex
){
  int ii;
  int nCell = NCELL(pNode);
  assert( nCell<200 );
  for(ii=0; ii<nCell; ii++){
    if( nodeGetRowid(pRtree, pNode, ii)==iRowid ){
      *piIndex = ii;
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
  }
  return SQLITE_CORRUPT_VTAB;
................................................................................
  RtreeNode *pParent = pNode->pParent;
  if( pParent ){
    return nodeRowidIndex(pRtree, pParent, pNode->iNode, piIndex);
  }
  *piIndex = -1;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Compare two search points.  Return negative, zero, or positive if the first
** is less than, equal to, or greater than the second.
**
** The rScore is the primary key.  Smaller rScore values come first.
** If the rScore is a tie, then use iLevel as the tie breaker with smaller
** iLevel values coming first.  In this way, if rScore is the same for all
** SearchPoints, then iLevel becomes the deciding factor and the result
** is a depth-first search, which is the desired default behavior.
*/




static int rtreeSearchPointCompare(
  const RtreeSearchPoint *pA,
  const RtreeSearchPoint *pB
){
  if( pA->rScore<pB->rScore ) return -1;
  if( pA->rScore>pB->rScore ) return +1;
  if( pA->iLevel<pB->iLevel ) return -1;
  if( pA->iLevel>pB->iLevel ) return +1;
  return 0;
}




/*
** Interchange to search points in a cursor.
*/
static void rtreeSearchPointSwap(RtreeCursor *p, int i, int j){
  RtreeSearchPoint t = p->aPoint[i];
  assert( i<j );
  p->aPoint[i] = p->aPoint[j];
  p->aPoint[j] = t;
  i++; j++;
  if( i<RTREE_CACHE_SZ ){
    if( j>=RTREE_CACHE_SZ ){
      nodeRelease(RTREE_OF_CURSOR(p), p->aNode[i]);
      p->aNode[i] = 0;
    }else{
      RtreeNode *pTemp = p->aNode[i];
      p->aNode[i] = p->aNode[j];
      p->aNode[j] = pTemp;
    }
  }
}

/*
** Return the search point with the lowest current score.
*/
static RtreeSearchPoint *rtreeSearchPointFirst(RtreeCursor *pCur){
  return pCur->bPoint ? &pCur->sPoint : pCur->nPoint ? pCur->aPoint : 0;
}

/*
** Get the RtreeNode for the search point with the lowest score.
*/
static RtreeNode *rtreeNodeOfFirstSearchPoint(RtreeCursor *pCur, int *pRC){
  sqlite3_int64 id;
  int ii = 1 - pCur->bPoint;
  assert( ii==0 || ii==1 );
  assert( pCur->bPoint || pCur->nPoint );
  if( pCur->aNode[ii]==0 ){
    assert( pRC!=0 );
    id = ii ? pCur->aPoint[0].id : pCur->sPoint.id;
    *pRC = nodeAcquire(RTREE_OF_CURSOR(pCur), id, 0, &pCur->aNode[ii]);
  }




  return pCur->aNode[ii];
}

/*
** Push a new element onto the priority queue
*/
static RtreeSearchPoint *rtreeEnqueue(
  RtreeCursor *pCur,    /* The cursor */
  RtreeDValue rScore,   /* Score for the new search point */
  u8 iLevel             /* Level for the new search point */
){
  int i, j;
  RtreeSearchPoint *pNew;
  if( pCur->nPoint>=pCur->nPointAlloc ){
    int nNew = pCur->nPointAlloc*2 + 8;
    pNew = sqlite3_realloc(pCur->aPoint, nNew*sizeof(pCur->aPoint[0]));
    if( pNew==0 ) return 0;
    pCur->aPoint = pNew;
    pCur->nPointAlloc = nNew;
  }
  i = pCur->nPoint++;
  pNew = pCur->aPoint + i;
  pNew->rScore = rScore;
  pNew->iLevel = iLevel;
  assert( iLevel>=0 && iLevel<=RTREE_MAX_DEPTH );
  while( i>0 ){
    RtreeSearchPoint *pParent;
    j = (i-1)/2;
    pParent = pCur->aPoint + j;
    if( rtreeSearchPointCompare(pNew, pParent)>=0 ) break;
    rtreeSearchPointSwap(pCur, j, i);
    i = j;
    pNew = pParent;
  }
  return pNew;
}

/*
** Allocate a new RtreeSearchPoint and return a pointer to it.  Return
** NULL if malloc fails.
*/
static RtreeSearchPoint *rtreeSearchPointNew(
  RtreeCursor *pCur,    /* The cursor */
  RtreeDValue rScore,   /* Score for the new search point */
  u8 iLevel             /* Level for the new search point */
){
  RtreeSearchPoint *pNew, *pFirst;
  pFirst = rtreeSearchPointFirst(pCur);
  pCur->anQueue[iLevel]++;
  if( pFirst==0
   || pFirst->rScore>rScore 
   || (pFirst->rScore==rScore && pFirst->iLevel>iLevel)
  ){
    if( pCur->bPoint ){
      int ii;
      pNew = rtreeEnqueue(pCur, rScore, iLevel);
      if( pNew==0 ) return 0;
      ii = (int)(pNew - pCur->aPoint) + 1;
      if( ii<RTREE_CACHE_SZ ){
        assert( pCur->aNode[ii]==0 );
        pCur->aNode[ii] = pCur->aNode[0];
       }else{

        nodeRelease(RTREE_OF_CURSOR(pCur), pCur->aNode[0]);
      }
      pCur->aNode[0] = 0;
      *pNew = pCur->sPoint;
    }
    pCur->sPoint.rScore = rScore;
    pCur->sPoint.iLevel = iLevel;
    pCur->bPoint = 1;
    return &pCur->sPoint;
  }else{
    return rtreeEnqueue(pCur, rScore, iLevel);
  }
}

#if 0
/* Tracing routines for the RtreeSearchPoint queue */
static void tracePoint(RtreeSearchPoint *p, int idx, RtreeCursor *pCur){
  if( idx<0 ){ printf(" s"); }else{ printf("%2d", idx); }
  printf(" %d.%05lld.%02d %g %d",
    p->iLevel, p->id, p->iCell, p->rScore, p->eWithin
  );
  idx++;
  if( idx<RTREE_CACHE_SZ ){
    printf(" %p\n", pCur->aNode[idx]);
  }else{
    printf("\n");
  }
}
static void traceQueue(RtreeCursor *pCur, const char *zPrefix){
  int ii;

  printf("=== %9s ", zPrefix);
  if( pCur->bPoint ){
    tracePoint(&pCur->sPoint, -1, pCur);
  }
  for(ii=0; ii<pCur->nPoint; ii++){
    if( ii>0 || pCur->bPoint ) printf("              ");
    tracePoint(&pCur->aPoint[ii], ii, pCur);
  }
}
# define RTREE_QUEUE_TRACE(A,B) traceQueue(A,B)
#else
# define RTREE_QUEUE_TRACE(A,B)   /* no-op */
#endif

/* Remove the search point with the lowest current score.
*/
static void rtreeSearchPointPop(RtreeCursor *p){
  int i, j, k, n;
  i = 1 - p->bPoint;
  assert( i==0 || i==1 );
  if( p->aNode[i] ){
    nodeRelease(RTREE_OF_CURSOR(p), p->aNode[i]);
    p->aNode[i] = 0;
  }
  if( p->bPoint ){
    p->anQueue[p->sPoint.iLevel]--;
    p->bPoint = 0;
  }else if( p->nPoint ){
    p->anQueue[p->aPoint[0].iLevel]--;
    n = --p->nPoint;
    p->aPoint[0] = p->aPoint[n];
    if( n<RTREE_CACHE_SZ-1 ){
      p->aNode[1] = p->aNode[n+1];
      p->aNode[n+1] = 0;
    }
    i = 0;
    while( (j = i*2+1)<n ){
      k = j+1;
      if( k<n && rtreeSearchPointCompare(&p->aPoint[k], &p->aPoint[j])<0 ){
        if( rtreeSearchPointCompare(&p->aPoint[k], &p->aPoint[i])<0 ){
          rtreeSearchPointSwap(p, i, k);
          i = k;
        }else{
          break;
        }
      }else{
        if( rtreeSearchPointCompare(&p->aPoint[j], &p->aPoint[i])<0 ){
          rtreeSearchPointSwap(p, i, j);
          i = j;
        }else{
          break;
        }
      }
    }
  }
}


/*
** Continue the search on cursor pCur until the front of the queue
** contains an entry suitable for returning as a result-set row,
** or until the RtreeSearchPoint queue is empty, indicating that the
** query has completed.
*/
static int rtreeStepToLeaf(RtreeCursor *pCur){
  RtreeSearchPoint *p;
  Rtree *pRtree = RTREE_OF_CURSOR(pCur);
  RtreeNode *pNode;
  int eWithin;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  int nCell;

  int nConstraint = pCur->nConstraint;
  int ii;


  int eInt;
  RtreeSearchPoint x;

  eInt = pRtree->eCoordType==RTREE_COORD_INT32;
  while( (p = rtreeSearchPointFirst(pCur))!=0 && p->iLevel>0 ){
    pNode = rtreeNodeOfFirstSearchPoint(pCur, &rc);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    nCell = NCELL(pNode);
    assert( nCell<200 );
    while( p->iCell<nCell ){
      sqlite3_rtree_dbl rScore = (sqlite3_rtree_dbl)-1;
      u8 *pCellData = pNode->zData + (4+pRtree->nBytesPerCell*p->iCell);
      eWithin = FULLY_WITHIN;
      for(ii=0; ii<nConstraint; ii++){
        RtreeConstraint *pConstraint = pCur->aConstraint + ii;
        if( pConstraint->op>=RTREE_MATCH ){
          rc = rtreeCallbackConstraint(pConstraint, eInt, pCellData, p,
                                       &rScore, &eWithin);
          if( rc ) return rc;
        }else if( p->iLevel==1 ){
          rtreeLeafConstraint(pConstraint, eInt, pCellData, &eWithin);
        }else{
          rtreeNonleafConstraint(pConstraint, eInt, pCellData, &eWithin);
        }
        if( eWithin==NOT_WITHIN ) break;
      }




      p->iCell++;
      if( eWithin==NOT_WITHIN ) continue;
      x.iLevel = p->iLevel - 1;
      if( x.iLevel ){
        x.id = readInt64(pCellData);
        x.iCell = 0;
      }else{
        x.id = p->id;
        x.iCell = p->iCell - 1;
      }



      if( p->iCell>=nCell ){
        RTREE_QUEUE_TRACE(pCur, "POP-S:");
        rtreeSearchPointPop(pCur);
      }
      if( rScore<RTREE_ZERO ) rScore = RTREE_ZERO;
      p = rtreeSearchPointNew(pCur, rScore, x.iLevel);
      if( p==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
      p->eWithin = eWithin;
      p->id = x.id;
      p->iCell = x.iCell;
      RTREE_QUEUE_TRACE(pCur, "PUSH-S:");
      break;
    }
    if( p->iCell>=nCell ){
      RTREE_QUEUE_TRACE(pCur, "POP-Se:");
      rtreeSearchPointPop(pCur);
    }
  }
  pCur->atEOF = p==0;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/* 
** Rtree virtual table module xNext method.
*/
static int rtreeNext(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pVtabCursor){
  RtreeCursor *pCsr = (RtreeCursor *)pVtabCursor;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  /* Move to the next entry that matches the configured constraints. */
  RTREE_QUEUE_TRACE(pCsr, "POP-Nx:");
  rtreeSearchPointPop(pCsr);
  rc = rtreeStepToLeaf(pCsr);
  return rc;
}

/* 
** Rtree virtual table module xRowid method.
*/
static int rtreeRowid(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pVtabCursor, sqlite_int64 *pRowid){

  RtreeCursor *pCsr = (RtreeCursor *)pVtabCursor;

  RtreeSearchPoint *p = rtreeSearchPointFirst(pCsr);
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  RtreeNode *pNode = rtreeNodeOfFirstSearchPoint(pCsr, &rc);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && p ){
    *pRowid = nodeGetRowid(RTREE_OF_CURSOR(pCsr), pNode, p->iCell);
  }
  return rc;
}

/* 
** Rtree virtual table module xColumn method.
*/
static int rtreeColumn(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *cur, sqlite3_context *ctx, int i){
  Rtree *pRtree = (Rtree *)cur->pVtab;
  RtreeCursor *pCsr = (RtreeCursor *)cur;
  RtreeSearchPoint *p = rtreeSearchPointFirst(pCsr);
  RtreeCoord c;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  RtreeNode *pNode = rtreeNodeOfFirstSearchPoint(pCsr, &rc);

  if( rc ) return rc;
  if( p==0 ) return SQLITE_OK;
  if( i==0 ){

    sqlite3_result_int64(ctx, nodeGetRowid(pRtree, pNode, p->iCell));
  }else{

    if( rc ) return rc;
    nodeGetCoord(pRtree, pNode, p->iCell, i-1, &c);
#ifndef SQLITE_RTREE_INT_ONLY
    if( pRtree->eCoordType==RTREE_COORD_REAL32 ){
      sqlite3_result_double(ctx, c.f);
    }else
#endif
    {
      assert( pRtree->eCoordType==RTREE_COORD_INT32 );
      sqlite3_result_int(ctx, c.i);
    }
  }

  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/* 
** Use nodeAcquire() to obtain the leaf node containing the record with 
** rowid iRowid. If successful, set *ppLeaf to point to the node and
** return SQLITE_OK. If there is no such record in the table, set
** *ppLeaf to 0 and return SQLITE_OK. If an error occurs, set *ppLeaf
** to zero and return an SQLite error code.
*/
static int findLeafNode(
  Rtree *pRtree,              /* RTree to search */
  i64 iRowid,                 /* The rowid searching for */
  RtreeNode **ppLeaf,         /* Write the node here */
  sqlite3_int64 *piNode       /* Write the node-id here */
){
  int rc;
  *ppLeaf = 0;
  sqlite3_bind_int64(pRtree->pReadRowid, 1, iRowid);
  if( sqlite3_step(pRtree->pReadRowid)==SQLITE_ROW ){
    i64 iNode = sqlite3_column_int64(pRtree->pReadRowid, 0);
    if( piNode ) *piNode = iNode;
    rc = nodeAcquire(pRtree, iNode, 0, ppLeaf);
    sqlite3_reset(pRtree->pReadRowid);
  }else{
    rc = sqlite3_reset(pRtree->pReadRowid);
  }
  return rc;
}
................................................................................
/*
** This function is called to configure the RtreeConstraint object passed
** as the second argument for a MATCH constraint. The value passed as the
** first argument to this function is the right-hand operand to the MATCH
** operator.
*/
static int deserializeGeometry(sqlite3_value *pValue, RtreeConstraint *pCons){
  RtreeMatchArg *pBlob;              /* BLOB returned by geometry function */
  sqlite3_rtree_query_info *pInfo;   /* Callback information */
  int nBlob;                         /* Size of the geometry function blob */
  int nExpected;                     /* Expected size of the BLOB */

  /* Check that value is actually a blob. */
  if( sqlite3_value_type(pValue)!=SQLITE_BLOB ) return SQLITE_ERROR;

  /* Check that the blob is roughly the right size. */
  nBlob = sqlite3_value_bytes(pValue);
  if( nBlob<(int)sizeof(RtreeMatchArg) 
   || ((nBlob-sizeof(RtreeMatchArg))%sizeof(RtreeDValue))!=0
  ){
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }

  pInfo = (sqlite3_rtree_query_info*)sqlite3_malloc( sizeof(*pInfo)+nBlob );
  if( !pInfo ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  memset(pInfo, 0, sizeof(*pInfo));
  pBlob = (RtreeMatchArg*)&pInfo[1];

  memcpy(pBlob, sqlite3_value_blob(pValue), nBlob);
  nExpected = (int)(sizeof(RtreeMatchArg) +
                    (pBlob->nParam-1)*sizeof(RtreeDValue));
  if( pBlob->magic!=RTREE_GEOMETRY_MAGIC || nBlob!=nExpected ){
    sqlite3_free(pInfo);
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  pInfo->pContext = pBlob->cb.pContext;
  pInfo->nParam = pBlob->nParam;
  pInfo->aParam = pBlob->aParam;

  if( pBlob->cb.xGeom ){
    pCons->u.xGeom = pBlob->cb.xGeom;
  }else{
    pCons->op = RTREE_QUERY;
    pCons->u.xQueryFunc = pBlob->cb.xQueryFunc;
  }
  pCons->pInfo = pInfo;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/* 
** Rtree virtual table module xFilter method.
*/
static int rtreeFilter(
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pVtabCursor, 
  int idxNum, const char *idxStr,
  int argc, sqlite3_value **argv
){
  Rtree *pRtree = (Rtree *)pVtabCursor->pVtab;
  RtreeCursor *pCsr = (RtreeCursor *)pVtabCursor;

  RtreeNode *pRoot = 0;
  int ii;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  int iCell = 0;

  rtreeReference(pRtree);

  freeCursorConstraints(pCsr);
  pCsr->iStrategy = idxNum;

  if( idxNum==1 ){
    /* Special case - lookup by rowid. */
    RtreeNode *pLeaf;        /* Leaf on which the required cell resides */
    RtreeSearchPoint *p;     /* Search point for the the leaf */
    i64 iRowid = sqlite3_value_int64(argv[0]);
    i64 iNode = 0;
    rc = findLeafNode(pRtree, iRowid, &pLeaf, &iNode);


    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pLeaf!=0 ){
      p = rtreeSearchPointNew(pCsr, RTREE_ZERO, 0);
      assert( p!=0 );  /* Always returns pCsr->sPoint */
      pCsr->aNode[0] = pLeaf;
      p->id = iNode;
      p->eWithin = PARTLY_WITHIN;
      rc = nodeRowidIndex(pRtree, pLeaf, iRowid, &iCell);
      p->iCell = iCell;
      RTREE_QUEUE_TRACE(pCsr, "PUSH-F1:");
    }else{
      pCsr->atEOF = 1;
    }
  }else{
    /* Normal case - r-tree scan. Set up the RtreeCursor.aConstraint array 
    ** with the configured constraints. 
    */
    rc = nodeAcquire(pRtree, 1, 0, &pRoot);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && argc>0 ){
      pCsr->aConstraint = sqlite3_malloc(sizeof(RtreeConstraint)*argc);
      pCsr->nConstraint = argc;
      if( !pCsr->aConstraint ){
        rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
      }else{
        memset(pCsr->aConstraint, 0, sizeof(RtreeConstraint)*argc);
        memset(pCsr->anQueue, 0, sizeof(u32)*(pRtree->iDepth + 1));
        assert( (idxStr==0 && argc==0)
                || (idxStr && (int)strlen(idxStr)==argc*2) );
        for(ii=0; ii<argc; ii++){
          RtreeConstraint *p = &pCsr->aConstraint[ii];
          p->op = idxStr[ii*2];
          p->iCoord = idxStr[ii*2+1]-'0';
          if( p->op>=RTREE_MATCH ){
            /* A MATCH operator. The right-hand-side must be a blob that
            ** can be cast into an RtreeMatchArg object. One created using
            ** an sqlite3_rtree_geometry_callback() SQL user function.
            */
            rc = deserializeGeometry(argv[ii], p);
            if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
              break;
            }
            p->pInfo->nCoord = pRtree->nDim*2;
            p->pInfo->anQueue = pCsr->anQueue;
            p->pInfo->mxLevel = pRtree->iDepth + 1;
          }else{
#ifdef SQLITE_RTREE_INT_ONLY
            p->u.rValue = sqlite3_value_int64(argv[ii]);
#else
            p->u.rValue = sqlite3_value_double(argv[ii]);
#endif
          }
        }
      }
    }

    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){



      RtreeSearchPoint *pNew;
      pNew = rtreeSearchPointNew(pCsr, RTREE_ZERO, pRtree->iDepth+1);
      if( pNew==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
      pNew->id = 1;

      pNew->iCell = 0;
      pNew->eWithin = PARTLY_WITHIN;
      assert( pCsr->bPoint==1 );
      pCsr->aNode[0] = pRoot;







      pRoot = 0;
      RTREE_QUEUE_TRACE(pCsr, "PUSH-Fm:");
      rc = rtreeStepToLeaf(pCsr);
    }

  }


  nodeRelease(pRtree, pRoot);
  rtreeRelease(pRtree);
  return rc;
}

/*
** Set the pIdxInfo->estimatedRows variable to nRow. Unless this
** extension is currently being used by a version of SQLite too old to
................................................................................
        case SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_GE: op = RTREE_GE; break;
        default:
          assert( p->op==SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_MATCH );
          op = RTREE_MATCH; 
          break;
      }
      zIdxStr[iIdx++] = op;
      zIdxStr[iIdx++] = p->iColumn - 1 + '0';
      pIdxInfo->aConstraintUsage[ii].argvIndex = (iIdx/2);
      pIdxInfo->aConstraintUsage[ii].omit = 1;
    }
  }

  pIdxInfo->idxNum = 2;
  pIdxInfo->needToFreeIdxStr = 1;
................................................................................
  RtreeCell cell;
  memcpy(&cell, p, sizeof(RtreeCell));
  area = cellArea(pRtree, &cell);
  cellUnion(pRtree, &cell, pCell);
  return (cellArea(pRtree, &cell)-area);
}


static RtreeDValue cellOverlap(
  Rtree *pRtree, 
  RtreeCell *p, 
  RtreeCell *aCell, 
  int nCell

){
  int ii;
  RtreeDValue overlap = RTREE_ZERO;
  for(ii=0; ii<nCell; ii++){







    int jj;
    RtreeDValue o = (RtreeDValue)1;
    for(jj=0; jj<(pRtree->nDim*2); jj+=2){
      RtreeDValue x1, x2;

      x1 = MAX(DCOORD(p->aCoord[jj]), DCOORD(aCell[ii].aCoord[jj]));
      x2 = MIN(DCOORD(p->aCoord[jj+1]), DCOORD(aCell[ii].aCoord[jj+1]));

      if( x2<x1 ){

        o = (RtreeDValue)0;
        break;
      }else{
        o = o * (x2-x1);
      }
    }
    overlap += o;

  }
  return overlap;
}




















/*
** This function implements the ChooseLeaf algorithm from Gutman[84].
** ChooseSubTree in r*tree terminology.
*/
static int ChooseLeaf(
................................................................................
  RtreeNode *pNode;
  rc = nodeAcquire(pRtree, 1, 0, &pNode);

  for(ii=0; rc==SQLITE_OK && ii<(pRtree->iDepth-iHeight); ii++){
    int iCell;
    sqlite3_int64 iBest = 0;

    RtreeDValue fMinGrowth = RTREE_ZERO;
    RtreeDValue fMinArea = RTREE_ZERO;





    int nCell = NCELL(pNode);
    RtreeCell cell;
    RtreeNode *pChild;

    RtreeCell *aCell = 0;

















    /* Select the child node which will be enlarged the least if pCell
    ** is inserted into it. Resolve ties by choosing the entry with
    ** the smallest area.
    */
    for(iCell=0; iCell<nCell; iCell++){
      int bBest = 0;
      RtreeDValue growth;
      RtreeDValue area;
      nodeGetCell(pRtree, pNode, iCell, &cell);
      growth = cellGrowth(pRtree, &cell, pCell);
      area = cellArea(pRtree, &cell);
















      if( iCell==0||growth<fMinGrowth||(growth==fMinGrowth && area<fMinArea) ){
        bBest = 1;
      }

      if( bBest ){
        fMinGrowth = growth;
        fMinArea = area;
        iBest = cell.iRowid;
      }
    }

................................................................................
  sqlite3_bind_int64(pRtree->pWriteParent, 2, iPar);
  sqlite3_step(pRtree->pWriteParent);
  return sqlite3_reset(pRtree->pWriteParent);
}

static int rtreeInsertCell(Rtree *, RtreeNode *, RtreeCell *, int);























































































































































/*
** Arguments aIdx, aDistance and aSpare all point to arrays of size
** nIdx. The aIdx array contains the set of integers from 0 to 
** (nIdx-1) in no particular order. This function sorts the values
** in aIdx according to the indexed values in aDistance. For
** example, assuming the inputs:
................................................................................
        assert( xleft1<=xright1 && (xleft1<xright1 || xleft2<=xright2) );
      }
    }
#endif
  }
}


/*
** Implementation of the R*-tree variant of SplitNode from Beckman[1990].
*/
static int splitNodeStartree(
  Rtree *pRtree,
  RtreeCell *aCell,
  int nCell,
................................................................................
){
  int **aaSorted;
  int *aSpare;
  int ii;

  int iBestDim = 0;
  int iBestSplit = 0;
  RtreeDValue fBestMargin = RTREE_ZERO;

  int nByte = (pRtree->nDim+1)*(sizeof(int*)+nCell*sizeof(int));

  aaSorted = (int **)sqlite3_malloc(nByte);
  if( !aaSorted ){
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
................................................................................
    for(jj=0; jj<nCell; jj++){
      aaSorted[ii][jj] = jj;
    }
    SortByDimension(pRtree, aaSorted[ii], nCell, ii, aCell, aSpare);
  }

  for(ii=0; ii<pRtree->nDim; ii++){
    RtreeDValue margin = RTREE_ZERO;
    RtreeDValue fBestOverlap = RTREE_ZERO;
    RtreeDValue fBestArea = RTREE_ZERO;
    int iBestLeft = 0;
    int nLeft;

    for(
      nLeft=RTREE_MINCELLS(pRtree); 
      nLeft<=(nCell-RTREE_MINCELLS(pRtree)); 
      nLeft++
................................................................................
          cellUnion(pRtree, &left, &aCell[aaSorted[ii][kk]]);
        }else{
          cellUnion(pRtree, &right, &aCell[aaSorted[ii][kk]]);
        }
      }
      margin += cellMargin(pRtree, &left);
      margin += cellMargin(pRtree, &right);
      overlap = cellOverlap(pRtree, &left, &right, 1);
      area = cellArea(pRtree, &left) + cellArea(pRtree, &right);
      if( (nLeft==RTREE_MINCELLS(pRtree))
       || (overlap<fBestOverlap)
       || (overlap==fBestOverlap && area<fBestArea)
      ){
        iBestLeft = nLeft;
        fBestOverlap = overlap;
................................................................................
    nodeInsertCell(pRtree, pTarget, pCell);
    cellUnion(pRtree, pBbox, pCell);
  }

  sqlite3_free(aaSorted);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}


























































static int updateMapping(
  Rtree *pRtree, 
  i64 iRowid, 
  RtreeNode *pNode, 
  int iHeight
){
................................................................................
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    goto splitnode_out;
  }

  memset(pLeft->zData, 0, pRtree->iNodeSize);
  memset(pRight->zData, 0, pRtree->iNodeSize);

  rc = splitNodeStartree(pRtree, aCell, nCell, pLeft, pRight,
                         &leftbbox, &rightbbox);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    goto splitnode_out;
  }

  /* Ensure both child nodes have node numbers assigned to them by calling
  ** nodeWrite(). Node pRight always needs a node number, as it was created
  ** by nodeNew() above. But node pLeft sometimes already has a node number.
................................................................................
    }
  }
  for(iDim=0; iDim<pRtree->nDim; iDim++){
    aCenterCoord[iDim] = (aCenterCoord[iDim]/(nCell*(RtreeDValue)2));
  }

  for(ii=0; ii<nCell; ii++){
    aDistance[ii] = RTREE_ZERO;
    for(iDim=0; iDim<pRtree->nDim; iDim++){
      RtreeDValue coord = (DCOORD(aCell[ii].aCoord[iDim*2+1]) - 
                               DCOORD(aCell[ii].aCoord[iDim*2]));
      aDistance[ii] += (coord-aCenterCoord[iDim])*(coord-aCenterCoord[iDim]);
    }
  }

................................................................................
    if( pChild ){
      nodeRelease(pRtree, pChild->pParent);
      nodeReference(pNode);
      pChild->pParent = pNode;
    }
  }
  if( nodeInsertCell(pRtree, pNode, pCell) ){

    if( iHeight<=pRtree->iReinsertHeight || pNode->iNode==1){
      rc = SplitNode(pRtree, pNode, pCell, iHeight);
    }else{
      pRtree->iReinsertHeight = iHeight;
      rc = Reinsert(pRtree, pNode, pCell, iHeight);
    }



  }else{
    rc = AdjustTree(pRtree, pNode, pCell);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      if( iHeight==0 ){
        rc = rowidWrite(pRtree, pCell->iRowid, pNode->iNode);
      }else{
        rc = parentWrite(pRtree, pCell->iRowid, pNode->iNode);
................................................................................
  /* Obtain a reference to the root node to initialize Rtree.iDepth */
  rc = nodeAcquire(pRtree, 1, 0, &pRoot);

  /* Obtain a reference to the leaf node that contains the entry 
  ** about to be deleted. 
  */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = findLeafNode(pRtree, iDelete, &pLeaf, 0);
  }

  /* Delete the cell in question from the leaf node. */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    int rc2;
    rc = nodeRowidIndex(pRtree, pLeaf, iDelete, &iCell);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
................................................................................

/*
** This function populates the pRtree->nRowEst variable with an estimate
** of the number of rows in the virtual table. If possible, this is based
** on sqlite_stat1 data. Otherwise, use RTREE_DEFAULT_ROWEST.
*/
static int rtreeQueryStat1(sqlite3 *db, Rtree *pRtree){
  const char *zFmt = "SELECT stat FROM %Q.sqlite_stat1 WHERE tbl = '%q_rowid'";
  char *zSql;
  sqlite3_stmt *p;
  int rc;
  i64 nRow = 0;

  zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(zFmt, pRtree->zDb, pRtree->zName);
  if( zSql==0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }else{
    rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(db, zSql, -1, &p, 0);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){

      if( sqlite3_step(p)==SQLITE_ROW ) nRow = sqlite3_column_int64(p, 0);
      rc = sqlite3_finalize(p);
    }else if( rc!=SQLITE_NOMEM ){
      rc = SQLITE_OK;
    }

    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      if( nRow==0 ){
        pRtree->nRowEst = RTREE_DEFAULT_ROWEST;
      }else{
        pRtree->nRowEst = MAX(nRow, RTREE_MIN_ROWEST);
      }
    }
    sqlite3_free(zSql);
  }

  return rc;
}

static sqlite3_module rtreeModule = {
  0,                          /* iVersion */
................................................................................

  pRtree->db = db;

  if( isCreate ){
    char *zCreate = sqlite3_mprintf(
"CREATE TABLE \"%w\".\"%w_node\"(nodeno INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, data BLOB);"
"CREATE TABLE \"%w\".\"%w_rowid\"(rowid INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, nodeno INTEGER);"
"CREATE TABLE \"%w\".\"%w_parent\"(nodeno INTEGER PRIMARY KEY,"
                                  " parentnode INTEGER);"
"INSERT INTO '%q'.'%q_node' VALUES(1, zeroblob(%d))",
      zDb, zPrefix, zDb, zPrefix, zDb, zPrefix, zDb, zPrefix, pRtree->iNodeSize
    );
    if( !zCreate ){
      return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
    rc = sqlite3_exec(db, zCreate, 0, 0, 0);
................................................................................
      sqlite3_free(zSql);
    }
  }

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    *ppVtab = (sqlite3_vtab *)pRtree;
  }else{
    assert( *ppVtab==0 );
    assert( pRtree->nBusy==1 );
    rtreeRelease(pRtree);
  }
  return rc;
}


/*
** Implementation of a scalar function that decodes r-tree nodes to
** human readable strings. This can be used for debugging and analysis.
**
** The scalar function takes two arguments: (1) the number of dimensions
** to the rtree (between 1 and 5, inclusive) and (2) a blob of data containing
** an r-tree node.  For a two-dimensional r-tree structure called "rt", to
** deserialize all nodes, a statement like:
**
**   SELECT rtreenode(2, data) FROM rt_node;
**
** The human readable string takes the form of a Tcl list with one
** entry for each cell in the r-tree node. Each entry is itself a
** list, containing the 8-byte rowid/pageno followed by the 
** <num-dimension>*2 coordinates.
................................................................................
    int jj;

    nodeGetCell(&tree, &node, ii, &cell);
    sqlite3_snprintf(512-nCell,&zCell[nCell],"%lld", cell.iRowid);
    nCell = (int)strlen(zCell);
    for(jj=0; jj<tree.nDim*2; jj++){
#ifndef SQLITE_RTREE_INT_ONLY
      sqlite3_snprintf(512-nCell,&zCell[nCell], " %g",
                       (double)cell.aCoord[jj].f);
#else
      sqlite3_snprintf(512-nCell,&zCell[nCell], " %d",
                       cell.aCoord[jj].i);
#endif
      nCell = (int)strlen(zCell);
    }
................................................................................
      zText = sqlite3_mprintf("{%s}", zCell);
    }
  }
  
  sqlite3_result_text(ctx, zText, -1, sqlite3_free);
}

/* This routine implements an SQL function that returns the "depth" parameter
** from the front of a blob that is an r-tree node.  For example:
**
**     SELECT rtreedepth(data) FROM rt_node WHERE nodeno=1;
**
** The depth value is 0 for all nodes other than the root node, and the root
** node always has nodeno=1, so the example above is the primary use for this
** routine.  This routine is intended for testing and analysis only.
*/
static void rtreedepth(sqlite3_context *ctx, int nArg, sqlite3_value **apArg){
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(nArg);
  if( sqlite3_value_type(apArg[0])!=SQLITE_BLOB 
   || sqlite3_value_bytes(apArg[0])<2
  ){
    sqlite3_result_error(ctx, "Invalid argument to rtreedepth()", -1); 
  }else{
................................................................................
    rc = sqlite3_create_module_v2(db, "rtree_i32", &rtreeModule, c, 0);
  }

  return rc;
}

/*
** This routine deletes the RtreeGeomCallback object that was attached
** one of the SQL functions create by sqlite3_rtree_geometry_callback()
** or sqlite3_rtree_query_callback().  In other words, this routine is the
** destructor for an RtreeGeomCallback objecct.  This routine is called when
** the corresponding SQL function is deleted.
*/

static void rtreeFreeCallback(void *p){
  RtreeGeomCallback *pInfo = (RtreeGeomCallback*)p;
  if( pInfo->xDestructor ) pInfo->xDestructor(pInfo->pContext);
  sqlite3_free(p);
}

/*
** Each call to sqlite3_rtree_geometry_callback() or
** sqlite3_rtree_query_callback() creates an ordinary SQLite
** scalar function that is implemented by this routine.
**
** All this function does is construct an RtreeMatchArg object that
** contains the geometry-checking callback routines and a list of
** parameters to this function, then return that RtreeMatchArg object
** as a BLOB.
**
** The R-Tree MATCH operator will read the returned BLOB, deserialize
** the RtreeMatchArg object, and use the RtreeMatchArg object to figure
** out which elements of the R-Tree should be returned by the query.
*/
static void geomCallback(sqlite3_context *ctx, int nArg, sqlite3_value **aArg){
  RtreeGeomCallback *pGeomCtx = (RtreeGeomCallback *)sqlite3_user_data(ctx);
  RtreeMatchArg *pBlob;
  int nBlob;

  nBlob = sizeof(RtreeMatchArg) + (nArg-1)*sizeof(RtreeDValue);
  pBlob = (RtreeMatchArg *)sqlite3_malloc(nBlob);
  if( !pBlob ){
    sqlite3_result_error_nomem(ctx);
  }else{
    int i;
    pBlob->magic = RTREE_GEOMETRY_MAGIC;
    pBlob->cb = pGeomCtx[0];

    pBlob->nParam = nArg;
    for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
#ifdef SQLITE_RTREE_INT_ONLY
      pBlob->aParam[i] = sqlite3_value_int64(aArg[i]);
#else
      pBlob->aParam[i] = sqlite3_value_double(aArg[i]);
#endif
    }
    sqlite3_result_blob(ctx, pBlob, nBlob, sqlite3_free);
  }
}

/*
** Register a new geometry function for use with the r-tree MATCH operator.
*/
int sqlite3_rtree_geometry_callback(
  sqlite3 *db,                  /* Register SQL function on this connection */
  const char *zGeom,            /* Name of the new SQL function */
  int (*xGeom)(sqlite3_rtree_geometry*,int,RtreeDValue*,int*), /* Callback */
  void *pContext                /* Extra data associated with the callback */
){
  RtreeGeomCallback *pGeomCtx;      /* Context object for new user-function */

  /* Allocate and populate the context object. */
  pGeomCtx = (RtreeGeomCallback *)sqlite3_malloc(sizeof(RtreeGeomCallback));
  if( !pGeomCtx ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  pGeomCtx->xGeom = xGeom;
  pGeomCtx->xQueryFunc = 0;
  pGeomCtx->xDestructor = 0;
  pGeomCtx->pContext = pContext;
  return sqlite3_create_function_v2(db, zGeom, -1, SQLITE_ANY, 
      (void *)pGeomCtx, geomCallback, 0, 0, rtreeFreeCallback
  );
}



/*
** Register a new 2nd-generation geometry function for use with the
** r-tree MATCH operator.
*/
int sqlite3_rtree_query_callback(
  sqlite3 *db,                 /* Register SQL function on this connection */
  const char *zQueryFunc,      /* Name of new SQL function */
  int (*xQueryFunc)(sqlite3_rtree_query_info*), /* Callback */
  void *pContext,              /* Extra data passed into the callback */
  void (*xDestructor)(void*)   /* Destructor for the extra data */
){
  RtreeGeomCallback *pGeomCtx;      /* Context object for new user-function */

  /* Allocate and populate the context object. */
  pGeomCtx = (RtreeGeomCallback *)sqlite3_malloc(sizeof(RtreeGeomCallback));
  if( !pGeomCtx ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  pGeomCtx->xGeom = 0;
  pGeomCtx->xQueryFunc = xQueryFunc;
  pGeomCtx->xDestructor = xDestructor;
  pGeomCtx->pContext = pContext;
  return sqlite3_create_function_v2(db, zQueryFunc, -1, SQLITE_ANY, 
      (void *)pGeomCtx, geomCallback, 0, 0, rtreeFreeCallback
  );
}

#if !SQLITE_CORE
#ifdef _WIN32
__declspec(dllexport)
#endif

Changes to ext/rtree/rtree1.test.

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  }
  return $out
}

# Test that it is possible to open an existing database that contains
# r-tree tables.
#
do_test rtree-1.4.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE t1 USING rtree(ii, x1, x2);
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1, 5.0, 10.0);



    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(2, 15.0, 20.0);
  }
} {}
do_test rtree-1.4.2 {
  db close
  sqlite3 db test.db
  execsql_intout { SELECT * FROM t1 ORDER BY ii }
} {1 5 10 2 15 20}
do_test rtree-1.4.3 {
................................................................................
  }
} {2}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Test on-conflict clause handling.
#
db_delete_and_reopen
do_execsql_test 12.0 {
  CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE t1 USING rtree_i32(idx, x1, x2, y1, y2);
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1,   1, 2, 3, 4);



  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(2,   2, 3, 4, 5);
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(3,   3, 4, 5, 6);

  CREATE TABLE source(idx, x1, x2, y1, y2);
  INSERT INTO source VALUES(5, 8, 8, 8, 8);
  INSERT INTO source VALUES(2, 7, 7, 7, 7);
  
}
db_save_and_close
foreach {tn sql_template testdata} {
  1    "INSERT %CONF% INTO t1 VALUES(2, 7, 7, 7, 7)" {
    ROLLBACK 0 1 {1 1 2 3 4   2 2 3 4 5   3 3 4 5 6}
    ABORT    0 1 {1 1 2 3 4   2 2 3 4 5   3 3 4 5 6   4 4 5 6 7}
    IGNORE   0 0 {1 1 2 3 4   2 2 3 4 5   3 3 4 5 6   4 4 5 6 7}







|
<
|
|
>
>
>
|
<







 







|


>
>
>






<







116
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451
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  }
  return $out
}

# Test that it is possible to open an existing database that contains
# r-tree tables.
#
do_execsql_test rtree-1.4.1a {

  CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE t1 USING rtree(ii, x1, x2);
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1, 5.0, 10.0);
  SELECT substr(hex(data),1,40) FROM t1_node;
} {00000001000000000000000140A0000041200000}
do_execsql_test rtree-1.4.1b {
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(2, 15.0, 20.0);

} {}
do_test rtree-1.4.2 {
  db close
  sqlite3 db test.db
  execsql_intout { SELECT * FROM t1 ORDER BY ii }
} {1 5 10 2 15 20}
do_test rtree-1.4.3 {
................................................................................
  }
} {2}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Test on-conflict clause handling.
#
db_delete_and_reopen
do_execsql_test 12.0.1 {
  CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE t1 USING rtree_i32(idx, x1, x2, y1, y2);
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1,   1, 2, 3, 4);
  SELECT substr(hex(data),1,56) FROM t1_node;
} {00000001000000000000000100000001000000020000000300000004}
do_execsql_test 12.0.2 {
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(2,   2, 3, 4, 5);
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(3,   3, 4, 5, 6);

  CREATE TABLE source(idx, x1, x2, y1, y2);
  INSERT INTO source VALUES(5, 8, 8, 8, 8);
  INSERT INTO source VALUES(2, 7, 7, 7, 7);

}
db_save_and_close
foreach {tn sql_template testdata} {
  1    "INSERT %CONF% INTO t1 VALUES(2, 7, 7, 7, 7)" {
    ROLLBACK 0 1 {1 1 2 3 4   2 2 3 4 5   3 3 4 5 6}
    ABORT    0 1 {1 1 2 3 4   2 2 3 4 5   3 3 4 5 6   4 4 5 6 7}
    IGNORE   0 0 {1 1 2 3 4   2 2 3 4 5   3 3 4 5 6   4 4 5 6 7}

Changes to ext/rtree/rtree6.test.

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    CREATE TABLE t2(k INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, v);
    CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE t1 USING rtree(ii, x1, x2, y1, y2);
  }
} {}

do_test rtree6-1.2 {
  rtree_strategy {SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE x1>10}
} {Ea}

do_test rtree6-1.3 {
  rtree_strategy {SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE x1<10}
} {Ca}

do_test rtree6-1.4 {
  rtree_strategy {SELECT * FROM t1,t2 WHERE k=ii AND x1<10}
} {Ca}

do_test rtree6-1.5 {
  rtree_strategy {SELECT * FROM t1,t2 WHERE k=+ii AND x1<10}
} {Ca}

do_eqp_test rtree6.2.1 {
  SELECT * FROM t1,t2 WHERE k=+ii AND x1<10
} {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:Ca} 
  0 1 1 {SEARCH TABLE t2 USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?)}
}

do_eqp_test rtree6.2.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t1,t2 WHERE k=ii AND x1<10
} {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:Ca} 
  0 1 1 {SEARCH TABLE t2 USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?)}
}

do_eqp_test rtree6.2.3 {
  SELECT * FROM t1,t2 WHERE k=ii
} {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:} 
  0 1 1 {SEARCH TABLE t2 USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?)}
}

do_eqp_test rtree6.2.4 {
  SELECT * FROM t1,t2 WHERE v=10 and x1<10 and x2>10
} {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:CaEb} 
  0 1 1 {SEARCH TABLE t2 USING AUTOMATIC COVERING INDEX (v=?)}
}

do_eqp_test rtree6.2.5 {
  SELECT * FROM t1,t2 WHERE k=ii AND x1<v
} {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:} 
................................................................................
  rtree_strategy {
    SELECT * FROM t3 WHERE 
      x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND 
      x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND 
      x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND 
      x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 
  }
} {EaEaEaEaEaEaEaEaEaEaEaEaEaEaEaEaEaEaEaEa}
do_test rtree6.3.3 {
  rtree_strategy {
    SELECT * FROM t3 WHERE 
      x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND 
      x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND 
      x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND 
      x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND 
      x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND 
      x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5
  }
} {EaEaEaEaEaEaEaEaEaEaEaEaEaEaEaEaEaEaEaEa}

do_execsql_test rtree6-3.4 {
  SELECT * FROM t3 WHERE x1>0.5 AND x1>0.8 AND x1>1.1
} {}
do_execsql_test rtree6-3.5 {
  SELECT * FROM t3 WHERE 
    x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND 







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    CREATE TABLE t2(k INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, v);
    CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE t1 USING rtree(ii, x1, x2, y1, y2);
  }
} {}

do_test rtree6-1.2 {
  rtree_strategy {SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE x1>10}
} {E0}

do_test rtree6-1.3 {
  rtree_strategy {SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE x1<10}
} {C0}

do_test rtree6-1.4 {
  rtree_strategy {SELECT * FROM t1,t2 WHERE k=ii AND x1<10}
} {C0}

do_test rtree6-1.5 {
  rtree_strategy {SELECT * FROM t1,t2 WHERE k=+ii AND x1<10}
} {C0}

do_eqp_test rtree6.2.1 {
  SELECT * FROM t1,t2 WHERE k=+ii AND x1<10
} {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:C0} 
  0 1 1 {SEARCH TABLE t2 USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?)}
}

do_eqp_test rtree6.2.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t1,t2 WHERE k=ii AND x1<10
} {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:C0} 
  0 1 1 {SEARCH TABLE t2 USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?)}
}

do_eqp_test rtree6.2.3 {
  SELECT * FROM t1,t2 WHERE k=ii
} {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:} 
  0 1 1 {SEARCH TABLE t2 USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?)}
}

do_eqp_test rtree6.2.4 {
  SELECT * FROM t1,t2 WHERE v=10 and x1<10 and x2>10
} {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:C0E1} 
  0 1 1 {SEARCH TABLE t2 USING AUTOMATIC COVERING INDEX (v=?)}
}

do_eqp_test rtree6.2.5 {
  SELECT * FROM t1,t2 WHERE k=ii AND x1<v
} {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:} 
................................................................................
  rtree_strategy {
    SELECT * FROM t3 WHERE 
      x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND 
      x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND 
      x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND 
      x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 
  }
} {E0E0E0E0E0E0E0E0E0E0E0E0E0E0E0E0E0E0E0E0}
do_test rtree6.3.3 {
  rtree_strategy {
    SELECT * FROM t3 WHERE 
      x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND 
      x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND 
      x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND 
      x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND 
      x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND 
      x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5
  }
} {E0E0E0E0E0E0E0E0E0E0E0E0E0E0E0E0E0E0E0E0}

do_execsql_test rtree6-3.4 {
  SELECT * FROM t3 WHERE x1>0.5 AND x1>0.8 AND x1>1.1
} {}
do_execsql_test rtree6-3.5 {
  SELECT * FROM t3 WHERE 
    x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND x1>0.5 AND 

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      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1073741824, 0.0, 0.0, 100.0, 100.0);
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(2147483646, 0.0, 0.0, 200.0, 200.0);
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(4294967296, 0.0, 0.0, 300.0, 300.0);
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(8589934592, 20.0, 20.0, 150.0, 150.0);
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(9223372036854775807, 150, 150, 400, 400);
      SELECT rtreenode(2, data) FROM t1_node;
    }
  } {{{1073741824 0.000000 0.000000 100.000000 100.000000} {2147483646 0.000000 0.000000 200.000000 200.000000} {4294967296 0.000000 0.000000 300.000000 300.000000} {8589934592 20.000000 20.000000 150.000000 150.000000} {9223372036854775807 150.000000 150.000000 400.000000 400.000000}}}
}

finish_test







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      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1073741824, 0.0, 0.0, 100.0, 100.0);
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(2147483646, 0.0, 0.0, 200.0, 200.0);
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(4294967296, 0.0, 0.0, 300.0, 300.0);
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(8589934592, 20.0, 20.0, 150.0, 150.0);
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(9223372036854775807, 150, 150, 400, 400);
      SELECT rtreenode(2, data) FROM t1_node;
    }
  } {{{1073741824 0 0 100 100} {2147483646 0 0 200 200} {4294967296 0 0 300 300} {8589934592 20 20 150 150} {9223372036854775807 150 150 400 400}}}
}

finish_test

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}

do_eqp_test 1.1 {
  SELECT * FROM r_tree, t 
  WHERE t.x>=min_x AND t.x<=max_x AND t.y>=min_y AND t.x<=max_y
} {
  0 0 1 {SCAN TABLE t}
  0 1 0 {SCAN TABLE r_tree VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:DdBcDbBa}
}

do_eqp_test 1.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t, r_tree
  WHERE t.x>=min_x AND t.x<=max_x AND t.y>=min_y AND t.x<=max_y
} {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t}
  0 1 1 {SCAN TABLE r_tree VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:DdBcDbBa}
}

do_eqp_test 1.3 {
  SELECT * FROM t, r_tree
  WHERE t.x>=min_x AND t.x<=max_x AND t.y>=min_y AND ?<=max_y
} {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t}
  0 1 1 {SCAN TABLE r_tree VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:DdBcDbBa}
}

do_eqp_test 1.5 {
  SELECT * FROM t, r_tree
} {
  0 0 1 {SCAN TABLE r_tree VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:}
  0 1 0 {SCAN TABLE t} 
................................................................................
sqlite3 db test.db

do_eqp_test 2.1 {
  SELECT * FROM r_tree, t 
  WHERE t.x>=min_x AND t.x<=max_x AND t.y>=min_y AND t.x<=max_y
} {
  0 0 1 {SCAN TABLE t}
  0 1 0 {SCAN TABLE r_tree VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:DdBcDbBa}
}

do_eqp_test 2.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t, r_tree
  WHERE t.x>=min_x AND t.x<=max_x AND t.y>=min_y AND t.x<=max_y
} {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t}
  0 1 1 {SCAN TABLE r_tree VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:DdBcDbBa}
}

do_eqp_test 2.3 {
  SELECT * FROM t, r_tree
  WHERE t.x>=min_x AND t.x<=max_x AND t.y>=min_y AND ?<=max_y
} {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t}
  0 1 1 {SCAN TABLE r_tree VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:DdBcDbBa}
}

do_eqp_test 2.5 {
  SELECT * FROM t, r_tree
} {
  0 0 1 {SCAN TABLE r_tree VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:}
  0 1 0 {SCAN TABLE t} 
................................................................................
  SELECT a, b FROM t1 LEFT JOIN t2 ON (+a = +b);
} {1 1 2 {}}

do_execsql_test 4.3 {
  SELECT b, a FROM t2 LEFT JOIN t1 ON (+a = +b);
} {1 1 3 {}}



































































finish_test





















































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}

do_eqp_test 1.1 {
  SELECT * FROM r_tree, t 
  WHERE t.x>=min_x AND t.x<=max_x AND t.y>=min_y AND t.x<=max_y
} {
  0 0 1 {SCAN TABLE t}
  0 1 0 {SCAN TABLE r_tree VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:D3B2D1B0}
}

do_eqp_test 1.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t, r_tree
  WHERE t.x>=min_x AND t.x<=max_x AND t.y>=min_y AND t.x<=max_y
} {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t}
  0 1 1 {SCAN TABLE r_tree VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:D3B2D1B0}
}

do_eqp_test 1.3 {
  SELECT * FROM t, r_tree
  WHERE t.x>=min_x AND t.x<=max_x AND t.y>=min_y AND ?<=max_y
} {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t}
  0 1 1 {SCAN TABLE r_tree VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:D3B2D1B0}
}

do_eqp_test 1.5 {
  SELECT * FROM t, r_tree
} {
  0 0 1 {SCAN TABLE r_tree VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:}
  0 1 0 {SCAN TABLE t} 
................................................................................
sqlite3 db test.db

do_eqp_test 2.1 {
  SELECT * FROM r_tree, t 
  WHERE t.x>=min_x AND t.x<=max_x AND t.y>=min_y AND t.x<=max_y
} {
  0 0 1 {SCAN TABLE t}
  0 1 0 {SCAN TABLE r_tree VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:D3B2D1B0}
}

do_eqp_test 2.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t, r_tree
  WHERE t.x>=min_x AND t.x<=max_x AND t.y>=min_y AND t.x<=max_y
} {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t}
  0 1 1 {SCAN TABLE r_tree VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:D3B2D1B0}
}

do_eqp_test 2.3 {
  SELECT * FROM t, r_tree
  WHERE t.x>=min_x AND t.x<=max_x AND t.y>=min_y AND ?<=max_y
} {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t}
  0 1 1 {SCAN TABLE r_tree VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:D3B2D1B0}
}

do_eqp_test 2.5 {
  SELECT * FROM t, r_tree
} {
  0 0 1 {SCAN TABLE r_tree VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:}
  0 1 0 {SCAN TABLE t} 
................................................................................
  SELECT a, b FROM t1 LEFT JOIN t2 ON (+a = +b);
} {1 1 2 {}}

do_execsql_test 4.3 {
  SELECT b, a FROM t2 LEFT JOIN t1 ON (+a = +b);
} {1 1 3 {}}

#--------------------------------------------------------------------
# Test that the sqlite_stat1 data is used correctly.
#
reset_db
do_execsql_test 5.1 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(x PRIMARY KEY, y);
  CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE rt USING rtree(id, x1, x2);

  INSERT INTO t1(x) VALUES(1);
  INSERT INTO t1(x) SELECT x+1 FROM t1;   --   2
  INSERT INTO t1(x) SELECT x+2 FROM t1;   --   4
  INSERT INTO t1(x) SELECT x+4 FROM t1;   --   8
  INSERT INTO t1(x) SELECT x+8 FROM t1;   --  16
  INSERT INTO t1(x) SELECT x+16 FROM t1;  --  32
  INSERT INTO t1(x) SELECT x+32 FROM t1;  --  64
  INSERT INTO t1(x) SELECT x+64 FROM t1;  -- 128
  INSERT INTO t1(x) SELECT x+128 FROM t1; -- 256
  INSERT INTO t1(x) SELECT x+256 FROM t1; -- 512
  INSERT INTO t1(x) SELECT x+512 FROM t1; --1024

  INSERT INTO rt SELECT x, x, x+1 FROM t1 WHERE x<=5;
}

# First test a query with no ANALYZE data at all. The outer loop is
# real table "t1".
#
do_eqp_test 5.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t1, rt WHERE x==id;
} {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1} 
  0 1 1 {SCAN TABLE rt VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 1:}
}

# Now create enough ANALYZE data to tell SQLite that virtual table "rt"
# contains very few rows. This causes it to move "rt" to the outer loop.
#
do_execsql_test 5.3 {
  ANALYZE;
  DELETE FROM sqlite_stat1 WHERE tbl='t1';
}
db close
sqlite3 db test.db
do_eqp_test 5.4 {
  SELECT * FROM t1, rt WHERE x==id;
} {
  0 0 1 {SCAN TABLE rt VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 2:} 
  0 1 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX sqlite_autoindex_t1_1 (x=?)}
}

# Delete the ANALYZE data. "t1" should be the outer loop again.
#
do_execsql_test 5.5 { DROP TABLE sqlite_stat1; }
db close
sqlite3 db test.db
do_eqp_test 5.6 {
  SELECT * FROM t1, rt WHERE x==id;
} {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1} 
  0 1 1 {SCAN TABLE rt VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 1:}
}

# This time create and attach a database that contains ANALYZE data for
# tables of the same names as those used internally by virtual table
# "rt". Check that the rtree module is not fooled into using this data.
# Table "t1" should remain the outer loop.
#
do_test 5.7 {
  db backup test.db2
  sqlite3 db2 test.db2
  db2 eval {
    ANALYZE;
    DELETE FROM sqlite_stat1 WHERE tbl='t1';
  }
  db2 close
  db close
  sqlite3 db test.db
  execsql { ATTACH 'test.db2' AS aux; }
} {}
do_eqp_test 5.8 {
  SELECT * FROM t1, rt WHERE x==id;
} {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1} 
  0 1 1 {SCAN TABLE rt VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX 1:}
}

#--------------------------------------------------------------------
# Test that having a second connection drop the sqlite_stat1 table
# before it is required by rtreeConnect() does not cause problems.
#
ifcapable rtree {
  reset_db
  do_execsql_test 6.1 {
    CREATE TABLE t1(x);
    CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE rt USING rtree(id, x1, x2);
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1);
    INSERT INTO rt VALUES(1,2,3);
    ANALYZE;
  }
  db close
  sqlite3 db test.db
  do_execsql_test 6.2 { SELECT * FROM t1 } {1}
  
  do_test 6.3 {
    sqlite3 db2 test.db
    db2 eval { DROP TABLE sqlite_stat1 }
    db2 close
    execsql { SELECT * FROM rt }
  } {1 2.0 3.0}
  db close
}


finish_test

Added ext/rtree/rtreeD.test.



















































































































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# 2014 March 11
#
# The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
# a legal notice, here is a blessing:
#
#    May you do good and not evil.
#    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
#    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
#
#***********************************************************************
#
# Miscellaneous tests for errors in the rtree constructor.
#


if {![info exists testdir]} {
  set testdir [file join [file dirname [info script]] .. .. test]
} 
source [file join [file dirname [info script]] rtree_util.tcl]
source $testdir/tester.tcl
source $testdir/lock_common.tcl
ifcapable !rtree {
  finish_test
  return
}
set testprefix rtreeD

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Test that if an SQLITE_BUSY is encountered within the vtable 
# constructor, a relevant error message is returned.
#
do_multiclient_test tn {
  do_test 1.$tn.1 {
    sql1 {
      CREATE TABLE t1(a, b);
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1,2);
      CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE rt USING rtree(id, minx, maxx, miny, maxy);
      INSERT INTO rt VALUES(1,2,3,4,5);
    }
  } {}

  do_test 1.$tn.2 {
    sql2 { SELECT * FROM t1; }
  } {1 2}

  do_test 1.$tn.3 {
    sql1 { BEGIN EXCLUSIVE; INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(3, 4); }
  } {}

  do_test 1.$tn.4 {
    list [catch { sql2 { SELECT * FROM rt } } msg] $msg
  } {1 {database is locked}}
}

finish_test


Added ext/rtree/rtreeE.test.



































































































































































































































































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# 2010 August 28
#
# The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
# a legal notice, here is a blessing:
#
#    May you do good and not evil.
#    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
#    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
#
#***********************************************************************
# This file contains tests for the r-tree module. Specifically, it tests
# that new-style custom r-tree queries (geometry callbacks) work.
# 

if {![info exists testdir]} {
  set testdir [file join [file dirname [info script]] .. .. test]
} 
source $testdir/tester.tcl
ifcapable !rtree { finish_test ; return }
ifcapable rtree_int_only { finish_test; return }


#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Test the example 2d "circle" geometry callback.
#
register_circle_geom db

do_execsql_test rtreeE-1.1 {
  PRAGMA page_size=512;
  CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE rt1 USING rtree(id,x0,x1,y0,y1);
  
  /* A tight pattern of small boxes near 0,0 */
  WITH RECURSIVE
    x(x) AS (VALUES(0) UNION ALL SELECT x+1 FROM x WHERE x<4),
    y(y) AS (VALUES(0) UNION ALL SELECT y+1 FROM y WHERE y<4)
  INSERT INTO rt1 SELECT x+5*y, x, x+2, y, y+2 FROM x, y;

  /* A looser pattern of small boxes near 100, 0 */
  WITH RECURSIVE
    x(x) AS (VALUES(0) UNION ALL SELECT x+1 FROM x WHERE x<4),
    y(y) AS (VALUES(0) UNION ALL SELECT y+1 FROM y WHERE y<4)
  INSERT INTO rt1 SELECT 100+x+5*y, x*3+100, x*3+102, y*3, y*3+2 FROM x, y;

  /* A looser pattern of larger boxes near 0, 200 */
  WITH RECURSIVE
    x(x) AS (VALUES(0) UNION ALL SELECT x+1 FROM x WHERE x<4),
    y(y) AS (VALUES(0) UNION ALL SELECT y+1 FROM y WHERE y<4)
  INSERT INTO rt1 SELECT 200+x+5*y, x*7, x*7+15, y*7+200, y*7+215 FROM x, y;
} {}

# Queries against each of the three clusters */
do_execsql_test rtreeE-1.1 {
  SELECT id FROM rt1 WHERE id MATCH Qcircle(0.0, 0.0, 50.0, 3) ORDER BY id;
} {0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24}
do_execsql_test rtreeE-1.2 {
  SELECT id FROM rt1 WHERE id MATCH Qcircle(100.0, 0.0, 50.0, 3) ORDER BY id;
} {100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124}
do_execsql_test rtreeE-1.3 {
  SELECT id FROM rt1 WHERE id MATCH Qcircle(0.0, 200.0, 50.0, 3) ORDER BY id;
} {200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224}

# The Qcircle geometry function gives a lower score to larger leaf-nodes.
# This causes the 200s to sort before the 100s and the 0s to sort before
# last.
#
do_execsql_test rtreeE-1.4 {
  SELECT id FROM rt1 WHERE id MATCH Qcircle(0,0,1000,3) AND id%100==0
} {200 100 0}

# Exclude odd rowids on a depth-first search
do_execsql_test rtreeE-1.5 {
  SELECT id FROM rt1 WHERE id MATCH Qcircle(0,0,1000,4) ORDER BY +id
} {0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 100 102 104 106 108 110 112 114 116 118 120 122 124 200 202 204 206 208 210 212 214 216 218 220 222 224}

# Exclude odd rowids on a breadth-first search.
do_execsql_test rtreeE-1.6 {
  SELECT id FROM rt1 WHERE id MATCH Qcircle(0,0,1000,5) ORDER BY +id
} {0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 100 102 104 106 108 110 112 114 116 118 120 122 124 200 202 204 206 208 210 212 214 216 218 220 222 224}

# Construct a large 2-D RTree with thousands of random entries.
#
do_test rtreeE-2.1 {
  db eval {
    CREATE TABLE t2(id,x0,x1,y0,y1);
    CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE rt2 USING rtree(id,x0,x1,y0,y1);
    BEGIN;
  }
  expr srand(0)
  for {set i 1} {$i<=10000} {incr i} {
    set dx [expr {int(rand()*40)+1}]
    set dy [expr {int(rand()*40)+1}]
    set x0 [expr {int(rand()*(10000 - $dx))}]
    set x1 [expr {$x0+$dx}]
    set y0 [expr {int(rand()*(10000 - $dy))}]
    set y1 [expr {$y0+$dy}]
    set id [expr {$i+10000}]
    db eval {INSERT INTO t2 VALUES($id,$x0,$x1,$y0,$y1)}
  }
  db eval {
    INSERT INTO rt2 SELECT * FROM t2;
    COMMIT;
  }
} {}

for {set i 1} {$i<=200} {incr i} {
  set dx [expr {int(rand()*100)}]
  set dy [expr {int(rand()*100)}]
  set x0 [expr {int(rand()*(10000 - $dx))}]
  set x1 [expr {$x0+$dx}]
  set y0 [expr {int(rand()*(10000 - $dy))}]
  set y1 [expr {$y0+$dy}]
  set ans [db eval {SELECT id FROM t2 WHERE x1>=$x0 AND x0<=$x1 AND y1>=$y0 AND y0<=$y1 ORDER BY id}]
  do_execsql_test rtreeE-2.2.$i {
    SELECT id FROM rt2 WHERE id MATCH breadthfirstsearch($x0,$x1,$y0,$y1) ORDER BY id
  } $ans
}

# Run query that have very deep priority queues
#
set ans [db eval {SELECT id FROM t2 WHERE x1>=0 AND x0<=5000 AND y1>=0 AND y0<=5000 ORDER BY id}]
do_execsql_test rtreeE-2.3 {
  SELECT id FROM rt2 WHERE id MATCH breadthfirstsearch(0,5000,0,5000) ORDER BY id
} $ans
set ans [db eval {SELECT id FROM t2 WHERE x1>=0 AND x0<=10000 AND y1>=0 AND y0<=10000 ORDER BY id}]
do_execsql_test rtreeE-2.4 {
  SELECT id FROM rt2 WHERE id MATCH breadthfirstsearch(0,10000,0,10000) ORDER BY id
} $ans

finish_test

Changes to ext/rtree/sqlite3rtree.h.

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#include <sqlite3.h>

#ifdef __cplusplus
extern "C" {
#endif

typedef struct sqlite3_rtree_geometry sqlite3_rtree_geometry;











/*
** Register a geometry callback named zGeom that can be used as part of an
** R-Tree geometry query as follows:
**
**   SELECT ... FROM <rtree> WHERE <rtree col> MATCH $zGeom(... params ...)
*/
int sqlite3_rtree_geometry_callback(
  sqlite3 *db,
  const char *zGeom,
#ifdef SQLITE_RTREE_INT_ONLY
  int (*xGeom)(sqlite3_rtree_geometry*, int n, sqlite3_int64 *a, int *pRes),
#else
  int (*xGeom)(sqlite3_rtree_geometry*, int n, double *a, int *pRes),
#endif
  void *pContext
);


/*
** A pointer to a structure of the following type is passed as the first
** argument to callbacks registered using rtree_geometry_callback().
*/
struct sqlite3_rtree_geometry {
  void *pContext;                 /* Copy of pContext passed to s_r_g_c() */
  int nParam;                     /* Size of array aParam[] */
  double *aParam;                 /* Parameters passed to SQL geom function */
  void *pUser;                    /* Callback implementation user data */
  void (*xDelUser)(void *);       /* Called by SQLite to clean up pUser */
};



















































#ifdef __cplusplus
}  /* end of the 'extern "C"' block */
#endif

#endif  /* ifndef _SQLITE3RTREE_H_ */







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#include <sqlite3.h>

#ifdef __cplusplus
extern "C" {
#endif

typedef struct sqlite3_rtree_geometry sqlite3_rtree_geometry;
typedef struct sqlite3_rtree_query_info sqlite3_rtree_query_info;

/* The double-precision datatype used by RTree depends on the
** SQLITE_RTREE_INT_ONLY compile-time option.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_RTREE_INT_ONLY
  typedef sqlite3_int64 sqlite3_rtree_dbl;
#else
  typedef double sqlite3_rtree_dbl;
#endif

/*
** Register a geometry callback named zGeom that can be used as part of an
** R-Tree geometry query as follows:
**
**   SELECT ... FROM <rtree> WHERE <rtree col> MATCH $zGeom(... params ...)
*/
int sqlite3_rtree_geometry_callback(
  sqlite3 *db,
  const char *zGeom,



  int (*xGeom)(sqlite3_rtree_geometry*, int, sqlite3_rtree_dbl*,int*),

  void *pContext
);


/*
** A pointer to a structure of the following type is passed as the first
** argument to callbacks registered using rtree_geometry_callback().
*/
struct sqlite3_rtree_geometry {
  void *pContext;                 /* Copy of pContext passed to s_r_g_c() */
  int nParam;                     /* Size of array aParam[] */
  sqlite3_rtree_dbl *aParam;      /* Parameters passed to SQL geom function */
  void *pUser;                    /* Callback implementation user data */
  void (*xDelUser)(void *);       /* Called by SQLite to clean up pUser */
};

/*
** Register a 2nd-generation geometry callback named zScore that can be 
** used as part of an R-Tree geometry query as follows:
**
**   SELECT ... FROM <rtree> WHERE <rtree col> MATCH $zQueryFunc(... params ...)
*/
int sqlite3_rtree_query_callback(
  sqlite3 *db,
  const char *zQueryFunc,
  int (*xQueryFunc)(sqlite3_rtree_query_info*),
  void *pContext,
  void (*xDestructor)(void*)
);


/*
** A pointer to a structure of the following type is passed as the 
** argument to scored geometry callback registered using
** sqlite3_rtree_query_callback().
**
** Note that the first 5 fields of this structure are identical to
** sqlite3_rtree_geometry.  This structure is a subclass of
** sqlite3_rtree_geometry.
*/
struct sqlite3_rtree_query_info {
  void *pContext;                   /* pContext from when function registered */
  int nParam;                       /* Number of function parameters */
  sqlite3_rtree_dbl *aParam;        /* value of function parameters */
  void *pUser;                      /* callback can use this, if desired */
  void (*xDelUser)(void*);          /* function to free pUser */
  sqlite3_rtree_dbl *aCoord;        /* Coordinates of node or entry to check */
  unsigned int *anQueue;            /* Number of pending entries in the queue */
  int nCoord;                       /* Number of coordinates */
  int iLevel;                       /* Level of current node or entry */
  int mxLevel;                      /* The largest iLevel value in the tree */
  sqlite3_int64 iRowid;             /* Rowid for current entry */
  sqlite3_rtree_dbl rParentScore;   /* Score of parent node */
  int eParentWithin;                /* Visibility of parent node */
  int eWithin;                      /* OUT: Visiblity */
  sqlite3_rtree_dbl rScore;         /* OUT: Write the score here */
};

/*
** Allowed values for sqlite3_rtree_query.eWithin and .eParentWithin.
*/
#define NOT_WITHIN       0   /* Object completely outside of query region */
#define PARTLY_WITHIN    1   /* Object partially overlaps query region */
#define FULLY_WITHIN     2   /* Object fully contained within query region */


#ifdef __cplusplus
}  /* end of the 'extern "C"' block */
#endif

#endif  /* ifndef _SQLITE3RTREE_H_ */

Changes to main.mk.

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parse.c:	$(TOP)/src/parse.y lemon $(TOP)/addopcodes.awk
	cp $(TOP)/src/parse.y .
	rm -f parse.h
	./lemon $(OPTS) parse.y
	mv parse.h parse.h.temp
	$(NAWK) -f $(TOP)/addopcodes.awk parse.h.temp >parse.h

sqlite3.h:	$(TOP)/src/sqlite.h.in $(TOP)/manifest.uuid $(TOP)/VERSION
	tclsh $(TOP)/tool/mksqlite3h.tcl $(TOP) >sqlite3.h

keywordhash.h:	$(TOP)/tool/mkkeywordhash.c
	$(BCC) -o mkkeywordhash $(OPTS) $(TOP)/tool/mkkeywordhash.c
	./mkkeywordhash >keywordhash.h









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parse.c:	$(TOP)/src/parse.y lemon $(TOP)/addopcodes.awk
	cp $(TOP)/src/parse.y .
	rm -f parse.h
	./lemon $(OPTS) parse.y
	mv parse.h parse.h.temp
	$(NAWK) -f $(TOP)/addopcodes.awk parse.h.temp >parse.h

sqlite3.h:	$(TOP)/src/sqlite.h.in $(TOP)/manifest.uuid $(TOP)/VERSION $(TOP)/ext/rtree/sqlite3rtree.h
	tclsh $(TOP)/tool/mksqlite3h.tcl $(TOP) >sqlite3.h

keywordhash.h:	$(TOP)/tool/mkkeywordhash.c
	$(BCC) -o mkkeywordhash $(OPTS) $(TOP)/tool/mkkeywordhash.c
	./mkkeywordhash >keywordhash.h


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  unsigned char const *zNew = sqlite3_value_text(argv[2]);

  unsigned const char *z;         /* Pointer to token */
  int n;                          /* Length of token z */
  int token;                      /* Type of token */

  UNUSED_PARAMETER(NotUsed);

  for(z=zInput; *z; z=z+n){
    n = sqlite3GetToken(z, &token);
    if( token==TK_REFERENCES ){
      char *zParent;
      do {
        z += n;
        n = sqlite3GetToken(z, &token);







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  unsigned char const *zNew = sqlite3_value_text(argv[2]);

  unsigned const char *z;         /* Pointer to token */
  int n;                          /* Length of token z */
  int token;                      /* Type of token */

  UNUSED_PARAMETER(NotUsed);
  if( zInput==0 || zOld==0 ) return;
  for(z=zInput; *z; z=z+n){
    n = sqlite3GetToken(z, &token);
    if( token==TK_REFERENCES ){
      char *zParent;
      do {
        z += n;
        n = sqlite3GetToken(z, &token);

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      callStatGet(v, regStat4, STAT_GET_ROWID, regSampleRowid);
      addrIsNull = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IsNull, regSampleRowid);
      VdbeCoverage(v);
      callStatGet(v, regStat4, STAT_GET_NEQ, regEq);
      callStatGet(v, regStat4, STAT_GET_NLT, regLt);
      callStatGet(v, regStat4, STAT_GET_NDLT, regDLt);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, seekOp, iTabCur, addrNext, regSampleRowid, 0);



      VdbeCoverage(v);
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
      sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, iTabCur, 
                                      pIdx->aiColumn[0], regSample);
#else
      for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
        i16 iCol = pIdx->aiColumn[i];
        sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, iTabCur, iCol, regCol+i);
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regCol, nCol+1, regSample);
#endif
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regTabname, 6, regTemp);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, iStatCur+1, regNewRowid);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, iStatCur+1, regTemp, regNewRowid);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, addrNext);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrIsNull);
    }
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4 */

    /* End of analysis */
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrRewind);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, aGotoChng);
................................................................................
** list of space separated integers. Read the first nOut of these into
** the array aOut[].
*/
static void decodeIntArray(
  char *zIntArray,       /* String containing int array to decode */
  int nOut,              /* Number of slots in aOut[] */
  tRowcnt *aOut,         /* Store integers here */

  Index *pIndex          /* Handle extra flags for this index, if not NULL */
){
  char *z = zIntArray;
  int c;
  int i;
  tRowcnt v;

................................................................................
#endif
  for(i=0; *z && i<nOut; i++){
    v = 0;
    while( (c=z[0])>='0' && c<='9' ){
      v = v*10 + c - '0';
      z++;
    }


    aOut[i] = v;








    if( *z==' ' ) z++;
  }
#ifndef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  assert( pIndex!=0 );
#else
  if( pIndex )
#endif
................................................................................
    pIndex = sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pTable);
  }else{
    pIndex = sqlite3FindIndex(pInfo->db, argv[1], pInfo->zDatabase);
  }
  z = argv[2];

  if( pIndex ){
    decodeIntArray((char*)z, pIndex->nKeyCol+1, pIndex->aiRowEst, pIndex);
    if( pIndex->pPartIdxWhere==0 ) pTable->nRowEst = pIndex->aiRowEst[0];
  }else{
    Index fakeIdx;
    fakeIdx.szIdxRow = pTable->szTabRow;
    decodeIntArray((char*)z, 1, &pTable->nRowEst, &fakeIdx);
    pTable->szTabRow = fakeIdx.szIdxRow;
  }

  return 0;
}

/*
................................................................................
    nCol = pIdx->nSampleCol;
    if( bStat3 && nCol>1 ) continue;
    if( pIdx!=pPrevIdx ){
      initAvgEq(pPrevIdx);
      pPrevIdx = pIdx;
    }
    pSample = &pIdx->aSample[pIdx->nSample];
    decodeIntArray((char*)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt,1), nCol, pSample->anEq, 0);
    decodeIntArray((char*)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt,2), nCol, pSample->anLt, 0);
    decodeIntArray((char*)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt,3), nCol, pSample->anDLt,0);

    /* Take a copy of the sample. Add two 0x00 bytes the end of the buffer.
    ** This is in case the sample record is corrupted. In that case, the
    ** sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare() may read up to two varints past the
    ** end of the allocated buffer before it realizes it is dealing with
    ** a corrupt record. Adding the two 0x00 bytes prevents this from causing
    ** a buffer overread.  */







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      callStatGet(v, regStat4, STAT_GET_ROWID, regSampleRowid);
      addrIsNull = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IsNull, regSampleRowid);
      VdbeCoverage(v);
      callStatGet(v, regStat4, STAT_GET_NEQ, regEq);
      callStatGet(v, regStat4, STAT_GET_NLT, regLt);
      callStatGet(v, regStat4, STAT_GET_NDLT, regDLt);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, seekOp, iTabCur, addrNext, regSampleRowid, 0);
      /* We know that the regSampleRowid row exists because it was read by
      ** the previous loop.  Thus the not-found jump of seekOp will never
      ** be taken */
      VdbeCoverageNeverTaken(v);
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
      sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, iTabCur, 
                                      pIdx->aiColumn[0], regSample);
#else
      for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
        i16 iCol = pIdx->aiColumn[i];
        sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, iTabCur, iCol, regCol+i);
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regCol, nCol+1, regSample);
#endif
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regTabname, 6, regTemp);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, iStatCur+1, regNewRowid);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, iStatCur+1, regTemp, regNewRowid);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 1, addrNext); /* P1==1 for end-of-loop */
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrIsNull);
    }
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4 */

    /* End of analysis */
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrRewind);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, aGotoChng);
................................................................................
** list of space separated integers. Read the first nOut of these into
** the array aOut[].
*/
static void decodeIntArray(
  char *zIntArray,       /* String containing int array to decode */
  int nOut,              /* Number of slots in aOut[] */
  tRowcnt *aOut,         /* Store integers here */
  LogEst *aLog,          /* Or, if aOut==0, here */
  Index *pIndex          /* Handle extra flags for this index, if not NULL */
){
  char *z = zIntArray;
  int c;
  int i;
  tRowcnt v;

................................................................................
#endif
  for(i=0; *z && i<nOut; i++){
    v = 0;
    while( (c=z[0])>='0' && c<='9' ){
      v = v*10 + c - '0';
      z++;
    }
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
    if( aOut ){
      aOut[i] = v;
    }else
#else
    assert( aOut==0 );
    UNUSED_PARAMETER(aOut);
#endif
    {
      aLog[i] = sqlite3LogEst(v);
    }
    if( *z==' ' ) z++;
  }
#ifndef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  assert( pIndex!=0 );
#else
  if( pIndex )
#endif
................................................................................
    pIndex = sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pTable);
  }else{
    pIndex = sqlite3FindIndex(pInfo->db, argv[1], pInfo->zDatabase);
  }
  z = argv[2];

  if( pIndex ){
    decodeIntArray((char*)z, pIndex->nKeyCol+1, 0, pIndex->aiRowLogEst, pIndex);
    if( pIndex->pPartIdxWhere==0 ) pTable->nRowLogEst = pIndex->aiRowLogEst[0];
  }else{
    Index fakeIdx;
    fakeIdx.szIdxRow = pTable->szTabRow;
    decodeIntArray((char*)z, 1, 0, &pTable->nRowLogEst, &fakeIdx);
    pTable->szTabRow = fakeIdx.szIdxRow;
  }

  return 0;
}

/*
................................................................................
    nCol = pIdx->nSampleCol;
    if( bStat3 && nCol>1 ) continue;
    if( pIdx!=pPrevIdx ){
      initAvgEq(pPrevIdx);
      pPrevIdx = pIdx;
    }
    pSample = &pIdx->aSample[pIdx->nSample];
    decodeIntArray((char*)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt,1),nCol,pSample->anEq,0,0);
    decodeIntArray((char*)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt,2),nCol,pSample->anLt,0,0);
    decodeIntArray((char*)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt,3),nCol,pSample->anDLt,0,0);

    /* Take a copy of the sample. Add two 0x00 bytes the end of the buffer.
    ** This is in case the sample record is corrupted. In that case, the
    ** sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare() may read up to two varints past the
    ** end of the allocated buffer before it realizes it is dealing with
    ** a corrupt record. Adding the two 0x00 bytes prevents this from causing
    ** a buffer overread.  */

Changes to src/btree.c.

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*/
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
static int cursorHoldsMutex(BtCursor *p){
  return sqlite3_mutex_held(p->pBt->mutex);
}
#endif


#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_INCRBLOB
/*
** Invalidate the overflow page-list cache for cursor pCur, if any.

*/
static void invalidateOverflowCache(BtCursor *pCur){
  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  sqlite3_free(pCur->aOverflow);
  pCur->aOverflow = 0;
}

/*
** Invalidate the overflow page-list cache for all cursors opened
** on the shared btree structure pBt.
*/
static void invalidateAllOverflowCache(BtShared *pBt){
  BtCursor *p;
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );
  for(p=pBt->pCursor; p; p=p->pNext){
    invalidateOverflowCache(p);
  }
}


/*
** This function is called before modifying the contents of a table
** to invalidate any incrblob cursors that are open on the
** row or one of the rows being modified.
**
** If argument isClearTable is true, then the entire contents of the
** table is about to be deleted. In this case invalidate all incrblob
................................................................................
  i64 iRow,               /* The rowid that might be changing */
  int isClearTable        /* True if all rows are being deleted */
){
  BtCursor *p;
  BtShared *pBt = pBtree->pBt;
  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsMutex(pBtree) );
  for(p=pBt->pCursor; p; p=p->pNext){
    if( p->isIncrblobHandle && (isClearTable || p->info.nKey==iRow) ){
      p->eState = CURSOR_INVALID;
    }
  }
}

#else
  /* Stub functions when INCRBLOB is omitted */
  #define invalidateOverflowCache(x)
  #define invalidateAllOverflowCache(x)
  #define invalidateIncrblobCursors(x,y,z)
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_INCRBLOB */

/*
** Set bit pgno of the BtShared.pHasContent bitvec. This is called 
** when a page that previously contained data becomes a free-list leaf 
** page.
................................................................................

/*
** Determine whether or not a cursor has moved from the position it
** was last placed at.  Cursors can move when the row they are pointing
** at is deleted out from under them.
**
** This routine returns an error code if something goes wrong.  The
** integer *pHasMoved is set to one if the cursor has moved and 0 if not.








*/
int sqlite3BtreeCursorHasMoved(BtCursor *pCur, int *pHasMoved){
  int rc;





  rc = restoreCursorPosition(pCur);
  if( rc ){
    *pHasMoved = 1;
    return rc;
  }
  if( pCur->eState!=CURSOR_VALID || NEVER(pCur->skipNext!=0) ){
    *pHasMoved = 1;
  }else{
    *pHasMoved = 0;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
/*
** Given a page number of a regular database page, return the page
................................................................................
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(p->db->mutex) );
  sqlite3BtreeEnter(p);
  sqlite3PagerSetCachesize(pBt->pPager, mxPage);
  sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}


/*
** Change the limit on the amount of the database file that may be
** memory mapped.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeSetMmapLimit(Btree *p, sqlite3_int64 szMmap){
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(p->db->mutex) );
  sqlite3BtreeEnter(p);
  sqlite3PagerSetMmapLimit(pBt->pPager, szMmap);
  sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}


/*
** Change the way data is synced to disk in order to increase or decrease
** how well the database resists damage due to OS crashes and power
** failures.  Level 1 is the same as asynchronous (no syncs() occur and
** there is a high probability of damage)  Level 2 is the default.  There
** is a very low but non-zero probability of damage.  Level 3 reduces the
................................................................................
** is capable of reading or writing to the databse.  Cursors that
** have been tripped into the CURSOR_FAULT state are not counted.
*/
static int countValidCursors(BtShared *pBt, int wrOnly){
  BtCursor *pCur;
  int r = 0;
  for(pCur=pBt->pCursor; pCur; pCur=pCur->pNext){

    if( (wrOnly==0 || pCur->wrFlag) && pCur->eState!=CURSOR_FAULT ) r++; 
  }
  return r;
}
#endif

/*
** If there are no outstanding cursors and we are not in the middle
................................................................................
  /* Now that no other errors can occur, finish filling in the BtCursor
  ** variables and link the cursor into the BtShared list.  */
  pCur->pgnoRoot = (Pgno)iTable;
  pCur->iPage = -1;
  pCur->pKeyInfo = pKeyInfo;
  pCur->pBtree = p;
  pCur->pBt = pBt;
  pCur->wrFlag = (u8)wrFlag;

  pCur->pNext = pBt->pCursor;
  if( pCur->pNext ){
    pCur->pNext->pPrev = pCur;
  }
  pBt->pCursor = pCur;
  pCur->eState = CURSOR_INVALID;
  return SQLITE_OK;
................................................................................
    if( pCur->pNext ){
      pCur->pNext->pPrev = pCur->pPrev;
    }
    for(i=0; i<=pCur->iPage; i++){
      releasePage(pCur->apPage[i]);
    }
    unlockBtreeIfUnused(pBt);
    invalidateOverflowCache(pCur);
    /* sqlite3_free(pCur); */
    sqlite3BtreeLeave(pBtree);
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
................................................................................
#endif
#ifdef _MSC_VER
  /* Use a real function in MSVC to work around bugs in that compiler. */
  static void getCellInfo(BtCursor *pCur){
    if( pCur->info.nSize==0 ){
      int iPage = pCur->iPage;
      btreeParseCell(pCur->apPage[iPage],pCur->aiIdx[iPage],&pCur->info);
      pCur->validNKey = 1;
    }else{
      assertCellInfo(pCur);
    }
  }
#else /* if not _MSC_VER */
  /* Use a macro in all other compilers so that the function is inlined */
#define getCellInfo(pCur)                                                      \
  if( pCur->info.nSize==0 ){                                                   \
    int iPage = pCur->iPage;                                                   \
    btreeParseCell(pCur->apPage[iPage],pCur->aiIdx[iPage],&pCur->info); \
    pCur->validNKey = 1;                                                       \
  }else{                                                                       \
    assertCellInfo(pCur);                                                      \
  }
#endif /* _MSC_VER */

#ifndef NDEBUG  /* The next routine used only within assert() statements */
/*
................................................................................
    memcpy(pBuf, pPayload, nByte);
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** This function is used to read or overwrite payload information
** for the entry that the pCur cursor is pointing to. If the eOp
** parameter is 0, this is a read operation (data copied into
** buffer pBuf). If it is non-zero, a write (data copied from
** buffer pBuf).


**
** A total of "amt" bytes are read or written beginning at "offset".
** Data is read to or from the buffer pBuf.
**
** The content being read or written might appear on the main page
** or be scattered out on multiple overflow pages.
**
** If the BtCursor.isIncrblobHandle flag is set, and the current
** cursor entry uses one or more overflow pages, this function

** allocates space for and lazily popluates the overflow page-list 
** cache array (BtCursor.aOverflow). Subsequent calls use this
** cache to make seeking to the supplied offset more efficient.
**
** Once an overflow page-list cache has been allocated, it may be
** invalidated if some other cursor writes to the same table, or if
** the cursor is moved to a different row. Additionally, in auto-vacuum
** mode, the following events may invalidate an overflow page-list cache.
**
**   * An incremental vacuum,
................................................................................
){
  unsigned char *aPayload;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  u32 nKey;
  int iIdx = 0;
  MemPage *pPage = pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]; /* Btree page of current entry */
  BtShared *pBt = pCur->pBt;                  /* Btree this cursor belongs to */




  assert( pPage );
  assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID );
  assert( pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage]<pPage->nCell );
  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );


  getCellInfo(pCur);
  aPayload = pCur->info.pCell + pCur->info.nHeader;
  nKey = (pPage->intKey ? 0 : (int)pCur->info.nKey);




  if( NEVER(offset+amt > nKey+pCur->info.nData) 
   || &aPayload[pCur->info.nLocal] > &pPage->aData[pBt->usableSize]
  ){
    /* Trying to read or write past the end of the data is an error */
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }
................................................................................

  /* Check if data must be read/written to/from the btree page itself. */
  if( offset<pCur->info.nLocal ){
    int a = amt;
    if( a+offset>pCur->info.nLocal ){
      a = pCur->info.nLocal - offset;
    }
    rc = copyPayload(&aPayload[offset], pBuf, a, eOp, pPage->pDbPage);
    offset = 0;
    pBuf += a;
    amt -= a;
  }else{
    offset -= pCur->info.nLocal;
  }

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && amt>0 ){
    const u32 ovflSize = pBt->usableSize - 4;  /* Bytes content per ovfl page */
    Pgno nextPage;

    nextPage = get4byte(&aPayload[pCur->info.nLocal]);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_INCRBLOB
    /* If the isIncrblobHandle flag is set and the BtCursor.aOverflow[]
    ** has not been allocated, allocate it now. The array is sized at


    ** one entry for each overflow page in the overflow chain. The
    ** page number of the first overflow page is stored in aOverflow[0],
    ** etc. A value of 0 in the aOverflow[] array means "not yet known"
    ** (the cache is lazily populated).
    */
    if( pCur->isIncrblobHandle && !pCur->aOverflow ){
      int nOvfl = (pCur->info.nPayload-pCur->info.nLocal+ovflSize-1)/ovflSize;
      pCur->aOverflow = (Pgno *)sqlite3MallocZero(sizeof(Pgno)*nOvfl);
      /* nOvfl is always positive.  If it were zero, fetchPayload would have
      ** been used instead of this routine. */
      if( ALWAYS(nOvfl) && !pCur->aOverflow ){

        rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;








      }
    }

    /* If the overflow page-list cache has been allocated and the
    ** entry for the first required overflow page is valid, skip
    ** directly to it.
    */
    if( pCur->aOverflow && pCur->aOverflow[offset/ovflSize] ){
      iIdx = (offset/ovflSize);
      nextPage = pCur->aOverflow[iIdx];
      offset = (offset%ovflSize);
    }
#endif

    for( ; rc==SQLITE_OK && amt>0 && nextPage; iIdx++){

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_INCRBLOB
      /* If required, populate the overflow page-list cache. */
      if( pCur->aOverflow ){

        assert(!pCur->aOverflow[iIdx] || pCur->aOverflow[iIdx]==nextPage);
        pCur->aOverflow[iIdx] = nextPage;
      }
#endif

      if( offset>=ovflSize ){
        /* The only reason to read this page is to obtain the page
        ** number for the next page in the overflow chain. The page
        ** data is not required. So first try to lookup the overflow
        ** page-list cache, if any, then fall back to the getOverflowPage()
        ** function.



        */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_INCRBLOB


        if( pCur->aOverflow && pCur->aOverflow[iIdx+1] ){
          nextPage = pCur->aOverflow[iIdx+1];
        } else 
#endif
          rc = getOverflowPage(pBt, nextPage, 0, &nextPage);

        offset -= ovflSize;
      }else{
        /* Need to read this page properly. It contains some of the
        ** range of data that is being read (eOp==0) or written (eOp!=0).
        */
#ifdef SQLITE_DIRECT_OVERFLOW_READ
        sqlite3_file *fd;
................................................................................
        /* If all the following are true:
        **
        **   1) this is a read operation, and 
        **   2) data is required from the start of this overflow page, and
        **   3) the database is file-backed, and
        **   4) there is no open write-transaction, and
        **   5) the database is not a WAL database,

        **
        ** then data can be read directly from the database file into the
        ** output buffer, bypassing the page-cache altogether. This speeds
        ** up loading large records that span many overflow pages.
        */
        if( eOp==0                                             /* (1) */
         && offset==0                                          /* (2) */

         && pBt->inTransaction==TRANS_READ                     /* (4) */
         && (fd = sqlite3PagerFile(pBt->pPager))->pMethods     /* (3) */
         && pBt->pPage1->aData[19]==0x01                       /* (5) */
        ){
          u8 aSave[4];
          u8 *aWrite = &pBuf[-4];
          memcpy(aSave, aWrite, 4);
................................................................................
          memcpy(aWrite, aSave, 4);
        }else
#endif

        {
          DbPage *pDbPage;
          rc = sqlite3PagerAcquire(pBt->pPager, nextPage, &pDbPage,
              (eOp==0 ? PAGER_GET_READONLY : 0)
          );
          if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
            aPayload = sqlite3PagerGetData(pDbPage);
            nextPage = get4byte(aPayload);
            rc = copyPayload(&aPayload[offset+4], pBuf, a, eOp, pDbPage);
            sqlite3PagerUnref(pDbPage);
            offset = 0;
          }
        }
        amt -= a;
        pBuf += a;
      }
................................................................................
  u32 *pAmt            /* Write the number of available bytes here */
){
  assert( pCur!=0 && pCur->iPage>=0 && pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]);
  assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCur->pBtree->db->mutex) );
  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage]<pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]->nCell );


  if( pCur->info.nSize==0 ){
    btreeParseCell(pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage], pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage],
                   &pCur->info);
  }

  *pAmt = pCur->info.nLocal;
  return (void*)(pCur->info.pCell + pCur->info.nHeader);
}


/*
** For the entry that cursor pCur is point to, return as
................................................................................
  assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID );
  assert( pCur->iPage<BTCURSOR_MAX_DEPTH );
  assert( pCur->iPage>=0 );
  if( pCur->iPage>=(BTCURSOR_MAX_DEPTH-1) ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }
  rc = getAndInitPage(pBt, newPgno, &pNewPage,
               pCur->wrFlag==0 ? PAGER_GET_READONLY : 0);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  pCur->apPage[i+1] = pNewPage;
  pCur->aiIdx[i+1] = 0;
  pCur->iPage++;

  pCur->info.nSize = 0;
  pCur->validNKey = 0;
  if( pNewPage->nCell<1 || pNewPage->intKey!=pCur->apPage[i]->intKey ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

#if 0
................................................................................
  );
#endif
  testcase( pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage-1] > pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage-1]->nCell );

  releasePage(pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]);
  pCur->iPage--;
  pCur->info.nSize = 0;
  pCur->validNKey = 0;
}

/*
** Move the cursor to point to the root page of its b-tree structure.
**
** If the table has a virtual root page, then the cursor is moved to point
** to the virtual root page instead of the actual root page. A table has a
................................................................................
  if( pCur->iPage>=0 ){
    while( pCur->iPage ) releasePage(pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage--]);
  }else if( pCur->pgnoRoot==0 ){
    pCur->eState = CURSOR_INVALID;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }else{
    rc = getAndInitPage(pCur->pBtree->pBt, pCur->pgnoRoot, &pCur->apPage[0],
                        pCur->wrFlag==0 ? PAGER_GET_READONLY : 0);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      pCur->eState = CURSOR_INVALID;
      return rc;
    }
    pCur->iPage = 0;
  }
  pRoot = pCur->apPage[0];
................................................................................
  assert( pRoot->intKey==1 || pRoot->intKey==0 );
  if( pRoot->isInit==0 || (pCur->pKeyInfo==0)!=pRoot->intKey ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }

  pCur->aiIdx[0] = 0;
  pCur->info.nSize = 0;
  pCur->atLast = 0;
  pCur->validNKey = 0;

  if( pRoot->nCell>0 ){
    pCur->eState = CURSOR_VALID;
  }else if( !pRoot->leaf ){
    Pgno subpage;
    if( pRoot->pgno!=1 ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    subpage = get4byte(&pRoot->aData[pRoot->hdrOffset+8]);
................................................................................
    pgno = get4byte(&pPage->aData[pPage->hdrOffset+8]);
    pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage] = pPage->nCell;
    rc = moveToChild(pCur, pgno);
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage] = pPage->nCell-1;
    pCur->info.nSize = 0;
    pCur->validNKey = 0;
  }
  return rc;
}

/* Move the cursor to the first entry in the table.  Return SQLITE_OK
** on success.  Set *pRes to 0 if the cursor actually points to something
** or set *pRes to 1 if the table is empty.
................................................................................
int sqlite3BtreeLast(BtCursor *pCur, int *pRes){
  int rc;
 
  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCur->pBtree->db->mutex) );

  /* If the cursor already points to the last entry, this is a no-op. */
  if( CURSOR_VALID==pCur->eState && pCur->atLast ){
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    /* This block serves to assert() that the cursor really does point 
    ** to the last entry in the b-tree. */
    int ii;
    for(ii=0; ii<pCur->iPage; ii++){
      assert( pCur->aiIdx[ii]==pCur->apPage[ii]->nCell );
    }
................................................................................
    if( CURSOR_INVALID==pCur->eState ){
      assert( pCur->pgnoRoot==0 || pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]->nCell==0 );
      *pRes = 1;
    }else{
      assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID );
      *pRes = 0;
      rc = moveToRightmost(pCur);
      pCur->atLast = rc==SQLITE_OK ?1:0;





    }
  }
  return rc;
}

/* Move the cursor so that it points to an entry near the key 
** specified by pIdxKey or intKey.   Return a success code.
................................................................................
  BtCursor *pCur,          /* The cursor to be moved */
  UnpackedRecord *pIdxKey, /* Unpacked index key */
  i64 intKey,              /* The table key */
  int biasRight,           /* If true, bias the search to the high end */
  int *pRes                /* Write search results here */
){
  int rc;


  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCur->pBtree->db->mutex) );
  assert( pRes );
  assert( (pIdxKey==0)==(pCur->pKeyInfo==0) );

  /* If the cursor is already positioned at the point we are trying
  ** to move to, then just return without doing any work */
  if( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID && pCur->validNKey 
   && pCur->apPage[0]->intKey 
  ){
    if( pCur->info.nKey==intKey ){
      *pRes = 0;
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    if( pCur->atLast && pCur->info.nKey<intKey ){
      *pRes = -1;
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
  }












  rc = moveToRoot(pCur);
  if( rc ){
    return rc;
  }
  assert( pCur->pgnoRoot==0 || pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage] );
  assert( pCur->pgnoRoot==0 || pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]->isInit );
................................................................................
    assert( pPage->nCell>0 );
    assert( pPage->intKey==(pIdxKey==0) );
    lwr = 0;
    upr = pPage->nCell-1;
    assert( biasRight==0 || biasRight==1 );
    idx = upr>>(1-biasRight); /* idx = biasRight ? upr : (lwr+upr)/2; */
    pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage] = (u16)idx;
    if( pPage->intKey ){
      for(;;){
        i64 nCellKey;
        pCell = findCell(pPage, idx) + pPage->childPtrSize;
        if( pPage->hasData ){
          while( 0x80 <= *(pCell++) ){
            if( pCell>=pPage->aDataEnd ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
          }
................................................................................
          lwr = idx+1;
          if( lwr>upr ){ c = -1; break; }
        }else if( nCellKey>intKey ){
          upr = idx-1;
          if( lwr>upr ){ c = +1; break; }
        }else{
          assert( nCellKey==intKey );
          pCur->validNKey = 1;
          pCur->info.nKey = nCellKey;
          pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage] = (u16)idx;
          if( !pPage->leaf ){
            lwr = idx;
            goto moveto_next_layer;
          }else{
            *pRes = 0;
................................................................................
        */
        nCell = pCell[0];
        if( nCell<=pPage->max1bytePayload ){
          /* This branch runs if the record-size field of the cell is a
          ** single byte varint and the record fits entirely on the main
          ** b-tree page.  */
          testcase( pCell+nCell+1==pPage->aDataEnd );
          c = sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(nCell, (void*)&pCell[1], pIdxKey);
        }else if( !(pCell[1] & 0x80) 
          && (nCell = ((nCell&0x7f)<<7) + pCell[1])<=pPage->maxLocal
        ){
          /* The record-size field is a 2 byte varint and the record 
          ** fits entirely on the main b-tree page.  */
          testcase( pCell+nCell+2==pPage->aDataEnd );
          c = sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(nCell, (void*)&pCell[2], pIdxKey);
        }else{
          /* The record flows over onto one or more overflow pages. In
          ** this case the whole cell needs to be parsed, a buffer allocated
          ** and accessPayload() used to retrieve the record into the
          ** buffer before VdbeRecordCompare() can be called. */
          void *pCellKey;
          u8 * const pCellBody = pCell - pPage->childPtrSize;
................................................................................
          nCell = (int)pCur->info.nKey;
          pCellKey = sqlite3Malloc( nCell );
          if( pCellKey==0 ){
            rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
            goto moveto_finish;
          }
          pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage] = (u16)idx;
          rc = accessPayload(pCur, 0, nCell, (unsigned char*)pCellKey, 0);
          if( rc ){
            sqlite3_free(pCellKey);
            goto moveto_finish;
          }
          c = sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(nCell, pCellKey, pIdxKey);
          sqlite3_free(pCellKey);
        }

        if( c<0 ){
          lwr = idx+1;
        }else if( c>0 ){
          upr = idx-1;
        }else{
          assert( c==0 );
          *pRes = 0;
          rc = SQLITE_OK;
          pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage] = (u16)idx;

          goto moveto_finish;
        }
        if( lwr>upr ) break;
        assert( lwr+upr>=0 );
        idx = (lwr+upr)>>1;  /* idx = (lwr+upr)/2 */
      }
    }
................................................................................
    }
    pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage] = (u16)lwr;
    rc = moveToChild(pCur, chldPg);
    if( rc ) break;
  }
moveto_finish:
  pCur->info.nSize = 0;
  pCur->validNKey = 0;
  return rc;
}


/*
** Return TRUE if the cursor is not pointing at an entry of the table.
**
................................................................................
  MemPage *pPage;

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( pRes!=0 );
  assert( *pRes==0 || *pRes==1 );
  assert( pCur->skipNext==0 || pCur->eState!=CURSOR_VALID );
  if( pCur->eState!=CURSOR_VALID ){

    rc = restoreCursorPosition(pCur);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      *pRes = 0;
      return rc;
    }
    if( CURSOR_INVALID==pCur->eState ){
      *pRes = 1;
................................................................................
  ** to be invalid here. This can only occur if a second cursor modifies
  ** the page while cursor pCur is holding a reference to it. Which can
  ** only happen if the database is corrupt in such a way as to link the
  ** page into more than one b-tree structure. */
  testcase( idx>pPage->nCell );

  pCur->info.nSize = 0;
  pCur->validNKey = 0;
  if( idx>=pPage->nCell ){
    if( !pPage->leaf ){
      rc = moveToChild(pCur, get4byte(&pPage->aData[pPage->hdrOffset+8]));
      if( rc ){
        *pRes = 0;
        return rc;
      }
................................................................................
  int rc;
  MemPage *pPage;

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( pRes!=0 );
  assert( *pRes==0 || *pRes==1 );
  assert( pCur->skipNext==0 || pCur->eState!=CURSOR_VALID );
  pCur->atLast = 0;
  if( pCur->eState!=CURSOR_VALID ){
    if( ALWAYS(pCur->eState>=CURSOR_REQUIRESEEK) ){
      rc = btreeRestoreCursorPosition(pCur);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        *pRes = 0;
        return rc;
      }
................................................................................
        pCur->eState = CURSOR_INVALID;
        *pRes = 1;
        return SQLITE_OK;
      }
      moveToParent(pCur);
    }
    pCur->info.nSize = 0;
    pCur->validNKey = 0;

    pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage]--;
    pPage = pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage];
    if( pPage->intKey && !pPage->leaf ){
      rc = sqlite3BtreePrevious(pCur, pRes);
    }else{
      rc = SQLITE_OK;
................................................................................

  if( pCur->eState==CURSOR_FAULT ){
    assert( pCur->skipNext!=SQLITE_OK );
    return pCur->skipNext;
  }

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( pCur->wrFlag && pBt->inTransaction==TRANS_WRITE
              && (pBt->btsFlags & BTS_READ_ONLY)==0 );
  assert( hasSharedCacheTableLock(p, pCur->pgnoRoot, pCur->pKeyInfo!=0, 2) );

  /* Assert that the caller has been consistent. If this cursor was opened
  ** expecting an index b-tree, then the caller should be inserting blob
  ** keys with no associated data. If the cursor was opened expecting an
  ** intkey table, the caller should be inserting integer keys with a
................................................................................
    /* If this is an insert into a table b-tree, invalidate any incrblob 
    ** cursors open on the row being replaced */
    invalidateIncrblobCursors(p, nKey, 0);

    /* If the cursor is currently on the last row and we are appending a
    ** new row onto the end, set the "loc" to avoid an unnecessary btreeMoveto()
    ** call */
    if( pCur->validNKey && nKey>0 && pCur->info.nKey==nKey-1 ){
      loc = -1;
    }
  }

  if( !loc ){
    rc = btreeMoveto(pCur, pKey, nKey, appendBias, &loc);
    if( rc ) return rc;
................................................................................
    assert( pPage->leaf );
  }
  insertCell(pPage, idx, newCell, szNew, 0, 0, &rc);
  assert( rc!=SQLITE_OK || pPage->nCell>0 || pPage->nOverflow>0 );

  /* If no error has occurred and pPage has an overflow cell, call balance() 
  ** to redistribute the cells within the tree. Since balance() may move
  ** the cursor, zero the BtCursor.info.nSize and BtCursor.validNKey
  ** variables.
  **
  ** Previous versions of SQLite called moveToRoot() to move the cursor
  ** back to the root page as balance() used to invalidate the contents
  ** of BtCursor.apPage[] and BtCursor.aiIdx[]. Instead of doing that,
  ** set the cursor state to "invalid". This makes common insert operations
  ** slightly faster.
................................................................................
  ** the b-tree if possible. If the cursor is left pointing to the last
  ** entry in the table, and the next row inserted has an integer key
  ** larger than the largest existing key, it is possible to insert the
  ** row without seeking the cursor. This can be a big performance boost.
  */
  pCur->info.nSize = 0;
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pPage->nOverflow ){
    pCur->validNKey = 0;
    rc = balance(pCur);

    /* Must make sure nOverflow is reset to zero even if the balance()
    ** fails. Internal data structure corruption will result otherwise. 
    ** Also, set the cursor state to invalid. This stops saveCursorPosition()
    ** from trying to save the current position of the cursor.  */
    pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]->nOverflow = 0;
................................................................................
  unsigned char *pCell;                /* Pointer to cell to delete */
  int iCellIdx;                        /* Index of cell to delete */
  int iCellDepth;                      /* Depth of node containing pCell */ 

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( pBt->inTransaction==TRANS_WRITE );
  assert( (pBt->btsFlags & BTS_READ_ONLY)==0 );
  assert( pCur->wrFlag );
  assert( hasSharedCacheTableLock(p, pCur->pgnoRoot, pCur->pKeyInfo!=0, 2) );
  assert( !hasReadConflicts(p, pCur->pgnoRoot) );

  if( NEVER(pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage]>=pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]->nCell) 
   || NEVER(pCur->eState!=CURSOR_VALID)
  ){
    return SQLITE_ERROR;  /* Something has gone awry. */
................................................................................
    ** a no-op).  */
    invalidateIncrblobCursors(p, 0, 1);
    rc = clearDatabasePage(pBt, (Pgno)iTable, 0, pnChange);
  }
  sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  return rc;
}










/*
** Erase all information in a table and add the root of the table to
** the freelist.  Except, the root of the principle table (the one on
** page 1) is never added to the freelist.
**
** This routine will fail with SQLITE_LOCKED if there are any open
................................................................................
** parameters that attempt to write past the end of the existing data,
** no modifications are made and SQLITE_CORRUPT is returned.
*/
int sqlite3BtreePutData(BtCursor *pCsr, u32 offset, u32 amt, void *z){
  int rc;
  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCsr) );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCsr->pBtree->db->mutex) );
  assert( pCsr->isIncrblobHandle );

  rc = restoreCursorPosition(pCsr);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    return rc;
  }
  assert( pCsr->eState!=CURSOR_REQUIRESEEK );
  if( pCsr->eState!=CURSOR_VALID ){
................................................................................
  /* Check some assumptions: 
  **   (a) the cursor is open for writing,
  **   (b) there is a read/write transaction open,
  **   (c) the connection holds a write-lock on the table (if required),
  **   (d) there are no conflicting read-locks, and
  **   (e) the cursor points at a valid row of an intKey table.
  */
  if( !pCsr->wrFlag ){
    return SQLITE_READONLY;
  }
  assert( (pCsr->pBt->btsFlags & BTS_READ_ONLY)==0
              && pCsr->pBt->inTransaction==TRANS_WRITE );
  assert( hasSharedCacheTableLock(pCsr->pBtree, pCsr->pgnoRoot, 0, 2) );
  assert( !hasReadConflicts(pCsr->pBtree, pCsr->pgnoRoot) );
  assert( pCsr->apPage[pCsr->iPage]->intKey );

  return accessPayload(pCsr, offset, amt, (unsigned char *)z, 1);
}

/* 
** Set a flag on this cursor to cache the locations of pages from the 
** overflow list for the current row. This is used by cursors opened
** for incremental blob IO only.
**
** This function sets a flag only. The actual page location cache
** (stored in BtCursor.aOverflow[]) is allocated and used by function
** accessPayload() (the worker function for sqlite3BtreeData() and
** sqlite3BtreePutData()).
*/
void sqlite3BtreeCacheOverflow(BtCursor *pCur){
  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCur->pBtree->db->mutex) );
  invalidateOverflowCache(pCur);
  pCur->isIncrblobHandle = 1;

}
#endif

/*
** Set both the "read version" (single byte at byte offset 18) and 
** "write version" (single byte at byte offset 19) fields in the database
** header to iVersion.







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>







442
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449
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453




454
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472
473
474
...
483
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497


498
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...
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746
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764
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769
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775
....
2163
2164
2165
2166
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2168
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2170
2171
2172
2173
2174
2175
2176
2177
2178
2179
2180
2181
2182
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2184
2185
2186
2187
2188
2189
2190
....
2553
2554
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2556
2557
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2562
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2564
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2566
2567
2568
....
3629
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3641
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3644
....
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....
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3764
....
3921
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3936
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3940

3941
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....
3962
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3987
3988
3989
3990
3991
....
3992
3993
3994
3995
3996
3997
3998
3999
4000
4001
4002
4003
4004
4005
4006
4007
4008
4009
4010
4011
4012


4013
4014
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4052

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4057
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4068
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4073
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4081
....
4089
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4101
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4109
4110
4111
....
4114
4115
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4119
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4121
4122
4123
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4125
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4127
4128
4129
4130
4131
4132
4133
....
4213
4214
4215
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4217
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4219
4220
4221
4222
4223
4224
4225
4226
4227
4228
4229
4230
4231
4232
4233
....
4270
4271
4272
4273
4274
4275
4276
4277
4278
4279
4280
4281
4282
4283
4284
4285
4286
4287
4288
4289
4290
4291
....
4335
4336
4337
4338
4339
4340
4341
4342
4343
4344
4345
4346
4347
4348
4349
....
4382
4383
4384
4385
4386
4387
4388
4389
4390
4391
4392
4393
4394
4395
4396
....
4409
4410
4411
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4413
4414
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4417
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....
4472
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....
4511
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....
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....
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....
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....
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....
4698
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....
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....
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4771
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....
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....
4847
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4857
4858
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4861
....
4908
4909
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4922
....
4953
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4955
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4967
....
6978
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6989
6990
6991
6992
....
7011
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7022
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....
7064
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7078
....
7084
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7092
7093
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7097
7098
....
7116
7117
7118
7119
7120
7121
7122
7123
7124
7125
7126
7127
7128
7129
7130
....
7460
7461
7462
7463
7464
7465
7466
7467
7468
7469
7470
7471
7472
7473
7474
7475
7476
7477
7478
7479
7480
7481
7482
....
8429
8430
8431
8432
8433
8434
8435
8436
8437
8438
8439
8440
8441
8442
8443
....
8458
8459
8460
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8463
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8465
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8467
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8469
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8471
8472
8473
8474
8475
8476
8477
8478







8479
8480




8481
8482
8483
8484
8485
8486
8487
8488
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
static int cursorHoldsMutex(BtCursor *p){
  return sqlite3_mutex_held(p->pBt->mutex);
}
#endif



/*
** Invalidate the overflow cache of the cursor passed as the first argument.
** on the shared btree structure pBt.
*/
#define invalidateOverflowCache(pCur) (pCur->curFlags &= ~BTCF_ValidOvfl)





/*
** Invalidate the overflow page-list cache for all cursors opened
** on the shared btree structure pBt.
*/
static void invalidateAllOverflowCache(BtShared *pBt){
  BtCursor *p;
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );
  for(p=pBt->pCursor; p; p=p->pNext){
    invalidateOverflowCache(p);
  }
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_INCRBLOB
/*
** This function is called before modifying the contents of a table
** to invalidate any incrblob cursors that are open on the
** row or one of the rows being modified.
**
** If argument isClearTable is true, then the entire contents of the
** table is about to be deleted. In this case invalidate all incrblob
................................................................................
  i64 iRow,               /* The rowid that might be changing */
  int isClearTable        /* True if all rows are being deleted */
){
  BtCursor *p;
  BtShared *pBt = pBtree->pBt;
  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsMutex(pBtree) );
  for(p=pBt->pCursor; p; p=p->pNext){
    if( (p->curFlags & BTCF_Incrblob)!=0 && (isClearTable || p->info.nKey==iRow) ){
      p->eState = CURSOR_INVALID;
    }
  }
}

#else
  /* Stub function when INCRBLOB is omitted */


  #define invalidateIncrblobCursors(x,y,z)
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_INCRBLOB */

/*
** Set bit pgno of the BtShared.pHasContent bitvec. This is called 
** when a page that previously contained data becomes a free-list leaf 
** page.
................................................................................

/*
** Determine whether or not a cursor has moved from the position it
** was last placed at.  Cursors can move when the row they are pointing
** at is deleted out from under them.
**
** This routine returns an error code if something goes wrong.  The
** integer *pHasMoved is set as follows:
**
**    0:   The cursor is unchanged
**    1:   The cursor is still pointing at the same row, but the pointers
**         returned by sqlite3BtreeKeyFetch() or sqlite3BtreeDataFetch()
**         might now be invalid because of a balance() or other change to the
**         b-tree.
**    2:   The cursor is no longer pointing to the row.  The row might have
**         been deleted out from under the cursor.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeCursorHasMoved(BtCursor *pCur, int *pHasMoved){
  int rc;

  if( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID ){
    *pHasMoved = 0;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  rc = restoreCursorPosition(pCur);
  if( rc ){
    *pHasMoved = 2;
    return rc;
  }
  if( pCur->eState!=CURSOR_VALID || NEVER(pCur->skipNext!=0) ){
    *pHasMoved = 2;
  }else{
    *pHasMoved = 1;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
/*
** Given a page number of a regular database page, return the page
................................................................................
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(p->db->mutex) );
  sqlite3BtreeEnter(p);
  sqlite3PagerSetCachesize(pBt->pPager, mxPage);
  sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
/*
** Change the limit on the amount of the database file that may be
** memory mapped.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeSetMmapLimit(Btree *p, sqlite3_int64 szMmap){
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(p->db->mutex) );
  sqlite3BtreeEnter(p);
  sqlite3PagerSetMmapLimit(pBt->pPager, szMmap);
  sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0 */

/*
** Change the way data is synced to disk in order to increase or decrease
** how well the database resists damage due to OS crashes and power
** failures.  Level 1 is the same as asynchronous (no syncs() occur and
** there is a high probability of damage)  Level 2 is the default.  There
** is a very low but non-zero probability of damage.  Level 3 reduces the
................................................................................
** is capable of reading or writing to the databse.  Cursors that
** have been tripped into the CURSOR_FAULT state are not counted.
*/
static int countValidCursors(BtShared *pBt, int wrOnly){
  BtCursor *pCur;
  int r = 0;
  for(pCur=pBt->pCursor; pCur; pCur=pCur->pNext){
    if( (wrOnly==0 || (pCur->curFlags & BTCF_WriteFlag)!=0)
     && pCur->eState!=CURSOR_FAULT ) r++; 
  }
  return r;
}
#endif

/*
** If there are no outstanding cursors and we are not in the middle
................................................................................
  /* Now that no other errors can occur, finish filling in the BtCursor
  ** variables and link the cursor into the BtShared list.  */
  pCur->pgnoRoot = (Pgno)iTable;
  pCur->iPage = -1;
  pCur->pKeyInfo = pKeyInfo;
  pCur->pBtree = p;
  pCur->pBt = pBt;
  assert( wrFlag==0 || wrFlag==BTCF_WriteFlag );
  pCur->curFlags = wrFlag;
  pCur->pNext = pBt->pCursor;
  if( pCur->pNext ){
    pCur->pNext->pPrev = pCur;
  }
  pBt->pCursor = pCur;
  pCur->eState = CURSOR_INVALID;
  return SQLITE_OK;
................................................................................
    if( pCur->pNext ){
      pCur->pNext->pPrev = pCur->pPrev;
    }
    for(i=0; i<=pCur->iPage; i++){
      releasePage(pCur->apPage[i]);
    }
    unlockBtreeIfUnused(pBt);
    sqlite3DbFree(pBtree->db, pCur->aOverflow);
    /* sqlite3_free(pCur); */
    sqlite3BtreeLeave(pBtree);
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
................................................................................
#endif
#ifdef _MSC_VER
  /* Use a real function in MSVC to work around bugs in that compiler. */
  static void getCellInfo(BtCursor *pCur){
    if( pCur->info.nSize==0 ){
      int iPage = pCur->iPage;
      btreeParseCell(pCur->apPage[iPage],pCur->aiIdx[iPage],&pCur->info);
      pCur->curFlags |= BTCF_ValidNKey;
    }else{
      assertCellInfo(pCur);
    }
  }
#else /* if not _MSC_VER */
  /* Use a macro in all other compilers so that the function is inlined */
#define getCellInfo(pCur)                                                      \
  if( pCur->info.nSize==0 ){                                                   \
    int iPage = pCur->iPage;                                                   \
    btreeParseCell(pCur->apPage[iPage],pCur->aiIdx[iPage],&pCur->info);        \
    pCur->curFlags |= BTCF_ValidNKey;                                          \
  }else{                                                                       \
    assertCellInfo(pCur);                                                      \
  }
#endif /* _MSC_VER */

#ifndef NDEBUG  /* The next routine used only within assert() statements */
/*
................................................................................
    memcpy(pBuf, pPayload, nByte);
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** This function is used to read or overwrite payload information
** for the entry that the pCur cursor is pointing to. The eOp
** argument is interpreted as follows:
**
**   0: The operation is a read. Populate the overflow cache.
**   1: The operation is a write. Populate the overflow cache.
**   2: The operation is a read. Do not populate the overflow cache.
**
** A total of "amt" bytes are read or written beginning at "offset".
** Data is read to or from the buffer pBuf.
**
** The content being read or written might appear on the main page
** or be scattered out on multiple overflow pages.
**

** If the current cursor entry uses one or more overflow pages and the
** eOp argument is not 2, this function may allocate space for and lazily 
** popluates the overflow page-list cache array (BtCursor.aOverflow). 
** Subsequent calls use this cache to make seeking to the supplied offset 
** more efficient.
**
** Once an overflow page-list cache has been allocated, it may be
** invalidated if some other cursor writes to the same table, or if
** the cursor is moved to a different row. Additionally, in auto-vacuum
** mode, the following events may invalidate an overflow page-list cache.
**
**   * An incremental vacuum,
................................................................................
){
  unsigned char *aPayload;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  u32 nKey;
  int iIdx = 0;
  MemPage *pPage = pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]; /* Btree page of current entry */
  BtShared *pBt = pCur->pBt;                  /* Btree this cursor belongs to */
#ifdef SQLITE_DIRECT_OVERFLOW_READ
  int bEnd;                                   /* True if reading to end of data */
#endif

  assert( pPage );
  assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID );
  assert( pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage]<pPage->nCell );
  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( eOp!=2 || offset==0 );      /* Always start from beginning for eOp==2 */

  getCellInfo(pCur);
  aPayload = pCur->info.pCell + pCur->info.nHeader;
  nKey = (pPage->intKey ? 0 : (int)pCur->info.nKey);
#ifdef SQLITE_DIRECT_OVERFLOW_READ
  bEnd = (offset+amt==nKey+pCur->info.nData);
#endif

  if( NEVER(offset+amt > nKey+pCur->info.nData) 
   || &aPayload[pCur->info.nLocal] > &pPage->aData[pBt->usableSize]
  ){
    /* Trying to read or write past the end of the data is an error */
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }
................................................................................

  /* Check if data must be read/written to/from the btree page itself. */
  if( offset<pCur->info.nLocal ){
    int a = amt;
    if( a+offset>pCur->info.nLocal ){
      a = pCur->info.nLocal - offset;
    }
    rc = copyPayload(&aPayload[offset], pBuf, a, (eOp & 0x01), pPage->pDbPage);
    offset = 0;
    pBuf += a;
    amt -= a;
  }else{
    offset -= pCur->info.nLocal;
  }

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && amt>0 ){
    const u32 ovflSize = pBt->usableSize - 4;  /* Bytes content per ovfl page */
    Pgno nextPage;

    nextPage = get4byte(&aPayload[pCur->info.nLocal]);



    /* If the BtCursor.aOverflow[] has not been allocated, allocate it now.
    ** Except, do not allocate aOverflow[] for eOp==2.
    **
    ** The aOverflow[] array is sized at one entry for each overflow page
    ** in the overflow chain. The page number of the first overflow page is
    ** stored in aOverflow[0], etc. A value of 0 in the aOverflow[] array
    ** means "not yet known" (the cache is lazily populated).
    */
    if( eOp!=2 && (pCur->curFlags & BTCF_ValidOvfl)==0 ){
      int nOvfl = (pCur->info.nPayload-pCur->info.nLocal+ovflSize-1)/ovflSize;
      if( nOvfl>pCur->nOvflAlloc ){
        Pgno *aNew = (Pgno*)sqlite3DbRealloc(
            pCur->pBtree->db, pCur->aOverflow, nOvfl*2*sizeof(Pgno)
        );
        if( aNew==0 ){
          rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
        }else{
          pCur->nOvflAlloc = nOvfl*2;
          pCur->aOverflow = aNew;
        }
      }
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        memset(pCur->aOverflow, 0, nOvfl*sizeof(Pgno));
        pCur->curFlags |= BTCF_ValidOvfl;
      }
    }

    /* If the overflow page-list cache has been allocated and the
    ** entry for the first required overflow page is valid, skip
    ** directly to it.
    */
    if( (pCur->curFlags & BTCF_ValidOvfl)!=0 && pCur->aOverflow[offset/ovflSize] ){
      iIdx = (offset/ovflSize);
      nextPage = pCur->aOverflow[iIdx];
      offset = (offset%ovflSize);
    }


    for( ; rc==SQLITE_OK && amt>0 && nextPage; iIdx++){


      /* If required, populate the overflow page-list cache. */

      if( (pCur->curFlags & BTCF_ValidOvfl)!=0 ){
        assert(!pCur->aOverflow[iIdx] || pCur->aOverflow[iIdx]==nextPage);
        pCur->aOverflow[iIdx] = nextPage;
      }


      if( offset>=ovflSize ){
        /* The only reason to read this page is to obtain the page
        ** number for the next page in the overflow chain. The page
        ** data is not required. So first try to lookup the overflow
        ** page-list cache, if any, then fall back to the getOverflowPage()
        ** function.
        **
        ** Note that the aOverflow[] array must be allocated because eOp!=2
        ** here.  If eOp==2, then offset==0 and this branch is never taken.
        */

        assert( eOp!=2 );
        assert( pCur->curFlags & BTCF_ValidOvfl );
        if( pCur->aOverflow[iIdx+1] ){
          nextPage = pCur->aOverflow[iIdx+1];
        }else{

          rc = getOverflowPage(pBt, nextPage, 0, &nextPage);
        }
        offset -= ovflSize;
      }else{
        /* Need to read this page properly. It contains some of the
        ** range of data that is being read (eOp==0) or written (eOp!=0).
        */
#ifdef SQLITE_DIRECT_OVERFLOW_READ
        sqlite3_file *fd;
................................................................................
        /* If all the following are true:
        **
        **   1) this is a read operation, and 
        **   2) data is required from the start of this overflow page, and
        **   3) the database is file-backed, and
        **   4) there is no open write-transaction, and
        **   5) the database is not a WAL database,
        **   6) all data from the page is being read.
        **
        ** then data can be read directly from the database file into the
        ** output buffer, bypassing the page-cache altogether. This speeds
        ** up loading large records that span many overflow pages.
        */
        if( (eOp&0x01)==0                                      /* (1) */
         && offset==0                                          /* (2) */
         && (bEnd || a==ovflSize)                              /* (6) */
         && pBt->inTransaction==TRANS_READ                     /* (4) */
         && (fd = sqlite3PagerFile(pBt->pPager))->pMethods     /* (3) */
         && pBt->pPage1->aData[19]==0x01                       /* (5) */
        ){
          u8 aSave[4];
          u8 *aWrite = &pBuf[-4];
          memcpy(aSave, aWrite, 4);
................................................................................
          memcpy(aWrite, aSave, 4);
        }else
#endif

        {
          DbPage *pDbPage;
          rc = sqlite3PagerAcquire(pBt->pPager, nextPage, &pDbPage,
              ((eOp&0x01)==0 ? PAGER_GET_READONLY : 0)
          );
          if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
            aPayload = sqlite3PagerGetData(pDbPage);
            nextPage = get4byte(aPayload);
            rc = copyPayload(&aPayload[offset+4], pBuf, a, (eOp&0x01), pDbPage);
            sqlite3PagerUnref(pDbPage);
            offset = 0;
          }
        }
        amt -= a;
        pBuf += a;
      }
................................................................................
  u32 *pAmt            /* Write the number of available bytes here */
){
  assert( pCur!=0 && pCur->iPage>=0 && pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]);
  assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCur->pBtree->db->mutex) );
  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage]<pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]->nCell );
  assert( pCur->info.nSize>0 );
#if 0
  if( pCur->info.nSize==0 ){
    btreeParseCell(pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage], pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage],
                   &pCur->info);
  }
#endif
  *pAmt = pCur->info.nLocal;
  return (void*)(pCur->info.pCell + pCur->info.nHeader);
}


/*
** For the entry that cursor pCur is point to, return as
................................................................................
  assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID );
  assert( pCur->iPage<BTCURSOR_MAX_DEPTH );
  assert( pCur->iPage>=0 );
  if( pCur->iPage>=(BTCURSOR_MAX_DEPTH-1) ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }
  rc = getAndInitPage(pBt, newPgno, &pNewPage,
               (pCur->curFlags & BTCF_WriteFlag)==0 ? PAGER_GET_READONLY : 0);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  pCur->apPage[i+1] = pNewPage;
  pCur->aiIdx[i+1] = 0;
  pCur->iPage++;

  pCur->info.nSize = 0;
  pCur->curFlags &= ~(BTCF_ValidNKey|BTCF_ValidOvfl);
  if( pNewPage->nCell<1 || pNewPage->intKey!=pCur->apPage[i]->intKey ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

#if 0
................................................................................
  );
#endif
  testcase( pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage-1] > pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage-1]->nCell );

  releasePage(pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]);
  pCur->iPage--;
  pCur->info.nSize = 0;
  pCur->curFlags &= ~(BTCF_ValidNKey|BTCF_ValidOvfl);
}

/*
** Move the cursor to point to the root page of its b-tree structure.
**
** If the table has a virtual root page, then the cursor is moved to point
** to the virtual root page instead of the actual root page. A table has a
................................................................................
  if( pCur->iPage>=0 ){
    while( pCur->iPage ) releasePage(pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage--]);
  }else if( pCur->pgnoRoot==0 ){
    pCur->eState = CURSOR_INVALID;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }else{
    rc = getAndInitPage(pCur->pBtree->pBt, pCur->pgnoRoot, &pCur->apPage[0],
                 (pCur->curFlags & BTCF_WriteFlag)==0 ? PAGER_GET_READONLY : 0);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      pCur->eState = CURSOR_INVALID;
      return rc;
    }
    pCur->iPage = 0;
  }
  pRoot = pCur->apPage[0];
................................................................................
  assert( pRoot->intKey==1 || pRoot->intKey==0 );
  if( pRoot->isInit==0 || (pCur->pKeyInfo==0)!=pRoot->intKey ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }

  pCur->aiIdx[0] = 0;
  pCur->info.nSize = 0;
  pCur->curFlags &= ~(BTCF_AtLast|BTCF_ValidNKey|BTCF_ValidOvfl);


  if( pRoot->nCell>0 ){
    pCur->eState = CURSOR_VALID;
  }else if( !pRoot->leaf ){
    Pgno subpage;
    if( pRoot->pgno!=1 ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    subpage = get4byte(&pRoot->aData[pRoot->hdrOffset+8]);
................................................................................
    pgno = get4byte(&pPage->aData[pPage->hdrOffset+8]);
    pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage] = pPage->nCell;
    rc = moveToChild(pCur, pgno);
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage] = pPage->nCell-1;
    pCur->info.nSize = 0;
    pCur->curFlags &= ~BTCF_ValidNKey;
  }
  return rc;
}

/* Move the cursor to the first entry in the table.  Return SQLITE_OK
** on success.  Set *pRes to 0 if the cursor actually points to something
** or set *pRes to 1 if the table is empty.
................................................................................
int sqlite3BtreeLast(BtCursor *pCur, int *pRes){
  int rc;
 
  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCur->pBtree->db->mutex) );

  /* If the cursor already points to the last entry, this is a no-op. */
  if( CURSOR_VALID==pCur->eState && (pCur->curFlags & BTCF_AtLast)!=0 ){
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    /* This block serves to assert() that the cursor really does point 
    ** to the last entry in the b-tree. */
    int ii;
    for(ii=0; ii<pCur->iPage; ii++){
      assert( pCur->aiIdx[ii]==pCur->apPage[ii]->nCell );
    }
................................................................................
    if( CURSOR_INVALID==pCur->eState ){
      assert( pCur->pgnoRoot==0 || pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]->nCell==0 );
      *pRes = 1;
    }else{
      assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID );
      *pRes = 0;
      rc = moveToRightmost(pCur);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        pCur->curFlags |= BTCF_AtLast;
      }else{
        pCur->curFlags &= ~BTCF_AtLast;
      }
   
    }
  }
  return rc;
}

/* Move the cursor so that it points to an entry near the key 
** specified by pIdxKey or intKey.   Return a success code.
................................................................................
  BtCursor *pCur,          /* The cursor to be moved */
  UnpackedRecord *pIdxKey, /* Unpacked index key */
  i64 intKey,              /* The table key */
  int biasRight,           /* If true, bias the search to the high end */
  int *pRes                /* Write search results here */
){
  int rc;
  RecordCompare xRecordCompare;

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCur->pBtree->db->mutex) );
  assert( pRes );
  assert( (pIdxKey==0)==(pCur->pKeyInfo==0) );

  /* If the cursor is already positioned at the point we are trying
  ** to move to, then just return without doing any work */
  if( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID && (pCur->curFlags & BTCF_ValidNKey)!=0
   && pCur->apPage[0]->intKey 
  ){
    if( pCur->info.nKey==intKey ){
      *pRes = 0;
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    if( (pCur->curFlags & BTCF_AtLast)!=0 && pCur->info.nKey<intKey ){
      *pRes = -1;
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
  }

  if( pIdxKey ){
    xRecordCompare = sqlite3VdbeFindCompare(pIdxKey);
    pIdxKey->isCorrupt = 0;
    assert( pIdxKey->default_rc==1 
         || pIdxKey->default_rc==0 
         || pIdxKey->default_rc==-1
    );
  }else{
    xRecordCompare = 0; /* All keys are integers */
  }

  rc = moveToRoot(pCur);
  if( rc ){
    return rc;
  }
  assert( pCur->pgnoRoot==0 || pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage] );
  assert( pCur->pgnoRoot==0 || pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]->isInit );
................................................................................
    assert( pPage->nCell>0 );
    assert( pPage->intKey==(pIdxKey==0) );
    lwr = 0;
    upr = pPage->nCell-1;
    assert( biasRight==0 || biasRight==1 );
    idx = upr>>(1-biasRight); /* idx = biasRight ? upr : (lwr+upr)/2; */
    pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage] = (u16)idx;
    if( xRecordCompare==0 ){
      for(;;){
        i64 nCellKey;
        pCell = findCell(pPage, idx) + pPage->childPtrSize;
        if( pPage->hasData ){
          while( 0x80 <= *(pCell++) ){
            if( pCell>=pPage->aDataEnd ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
          }
................................................................................
          lwr = idx+1;
          if( lwr>upr ){ c = -1; break; }
        }else if( nCellKey>intKey ){
          upr = idx-1;
          if( lwr>upr ){ c = +1; break; }
        }else{
          assert( nCellKey==intKey );
          pCur->curFlags |= BTCF_ValidNKey;
          pCur->info.nKey = nCellKey;
          pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage] = (u16)idx;
          if( !pPage->leaf ){
            lwr = idx;
            goto moveto_next_layer;
          }else{
            *pRes = 0;
................................................................................
        */
        nCell = pCell[0];
        if( nCell<=pPage->max1bytePayload ){
          /* This branch runs if the record-size field of the cell is a
          ** single byte varint and the record fits entirely on the main
          ** b-tree page.  */
          testcase( pCell+nCell+1==pPage->aDataEnd );
          c = xRecordCompare(nCell, (void*)&pCell[1], pIdxKey, 0);
        }else if( !(pCell[1] & 0x80) 
          && (nCell = ((nCell&0x7f)<<7) + pCell[1])<=pPage->maxLocal
        ){
          /* The record-size field is a 2 byte varint and the record 
          ** fits entirely on the main b-tree page.  */
          testcase( pCell+nCell+2==pPage->aDataEnd );
          c = xRecordCompare(nCell, (void*)&pCell[2], pIdxKey, 0);
        }else{
          /* The record flows over onto one or more overflow pages. In
          ** this case the whole cell needs to be parsed, a buffer allocated
          ** and accessPayload() used to retrieve the record into the
          ** buffer before VdbeRecordCompare() can be called. */
          void *pCellKey;
          u8 * const pCellBody = pCell - pPage->childPtrSize;
................................................................................
          nCell = (int)pCur->info.nKey;
          pCellKey = sqlite3Malloc( nCell );
          if( pCellKey==0 ){
            rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
            goto moveto_finish;
          }
          pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage] = (u16)idx;
          rc = accessPayload(pCur, 0, nCell, (unsigned char*)pCellKey, 2);
          if( rc ){
            sqlite3_free(pCellKey);
            goto moveto_finish;
          }
          c = xRecordCompare(nCell, pCellKey, pIdxKey, 0);
          sqlite3_free(pCellKey);
        }
        assert( pIdxKey->isCorrupt==0 || c==0 );
        if( c<0 ){
          lwr = idx+1;
        }else if( c>0 ){
          upr = idx-1;
        }else{
          assert( c==0 );
          *pRes = 0;
          rc = SQLITE_OK;
          pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage] = (u16)idx;
          if( pIdxKey->isCorrupt ) rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT;
          goto moveto_finish;
        }
        if( lwr>upr ) break;
        assert( lwr+upr>=0 );
        idx = (lwr+upr)>>1;  /* idx = (lwr+upr)/2 */
      }
    }
................................................................................
    }
    pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage] = (u16)lwr;
    rc = moveToChild(pCur, chldPg);
    if( rc ) break;
  }
moveto_finish:
  pCur->info.nSize = 0;
  pCur->curFlags &= ~(BTCF_ValidNKey|BTCF_ValidOvfl);
  return rc;
}


/*
** Return TRUE if the cursor is not pointing at an entry of the table.
**
................................................................................
  MemPage *pPage;

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( pRes!=0 );
  assert( *pRes==0 || *pRes==1 );
  assert( pCur->skipNext==0 || pCur->eState!=CURSOR_VALID );
  if( pCur->eState!=CURSOR_VALID ){
    invalidateOverflowCache(pCur);
    rc = restoreCursorPosition(pCur);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      *pRes = 0;
      return rc;
    }
    if( CURSOR_INVALID==pCur->eState ){
      *pRes = 1;
................................................................................
  ** to be invalid here. This can only occur if a second cursor modifies
  ** the page while cursor pCur is holding a reference to it. Which can
  ** only happen if the database is corrupt in such a way as to link the
  ** page into more than one b-tree structure. */
  testcase( idx>pPage->nCell );

  pCur->info.nSize = 0;
  pCur->curFlags &= ~(BTCF_ValidNKey|BTCF_ValidOvfl);
  if( idx>=pPage->nCell ){
    if( !pPage->leaf ){
      rc = moveToChild(pCur, get4byte(&pPage->aData[pPage->hdrOffset+8]));
      if( rc ){
        *pRes = 0;
        return rc;
      }
................................................................................
  int rc;
  MemPage *pPage;

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( pRes!=0 );
  assert( *pRes==0 || *pRes==1 );
  assert( pCur->skipNext==0 || pCur->eState!=CURSOR_VALID );
  pCur->curFlags &= ~(BTCF_AtLast|BTCF_ValidOvfl);
  if( pCur->eState!=CURSOR_VALID ){
    if( ALWAYS(pCur->eState>=CURSOR_REQUIRESEEK) ){
      rc = btreeRestoreCursorPosition(pCur);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        *pRes = 0;
        return rc;
      }
................................................................................
        pCur->eState = CURSOR_INVALID;
        *pRes = 1;
        return SQLITE_OK;
      }
      moveToParent(pCur);
    }
    pCur->info.nSize = 0;
    pCur->curFlags &= ~(BTCF_ValidNKey|BTCF_ValidOvfl);

    pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage]--;
    pPage = pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage];
    if( pPage->intKey && !pPage->leaf ){
      rc = sqlite3BtreePrevious(pCur, pRes);
    }else{
      rc = SQLITE_OK;
................................................................................

  if( pCur->eState==CURSOR_FAULT ){
    assert( pCur->skipNext!=SQLITE_OK );
    return pCur->skipNext;
  }

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( (pCur->curFlags & BTCF_WriteFlag)!=0 && pBt->inTransaction==TRANS_WRITE
              && (pBt->btsFlags & BTS_READ_ONLY)==0 );
  assert( hasSharedCacheTableLock(p, pCur->pgnoRoot, pCur->pKeyInfo!=0, 2) );

  /* Assert that the caller has been consistent. If this cursor was opened
  ** expecting an index b-tree, then the caller should be inserting blob
  ** keys with no associated data. If the cursor was opened expecting an
  ** intkey table, the caller should be inserting integer keys with a
................................................................................
    /* If this is an insert into a table b-tree, invalidate any incrblob 
    ** cursors open on the row being replaced */
    invalidateIncrblobCursors(p, nKey, 0);

    /* If the cursor is currently on the last row and we are appending a
    ** new row onto the end, set the "loc" to avoid an unnecessary btreeMoveto()
    ** call */
    if( (pCur->curFlags&BTCF_ValidNKey)!=0 && nKey>0 && pCur->info.nKey==nKey-1 ){
      loc = -1;
    }
  }

  if( !loc ){
    rc = btreeMoveto(pCur, pKey, nKey, appendBias, &loc);
    if( rc ) return rc;
................................................................................
    assert( pPage->leaf );
  }
  insertCell(pPage, idx, newCell, szNew, 0, 0, &rc);
  assert( rc!=SQLITE_OK || pPage->nCell>0 || pPage->nOverflow>0 );

  /* If no error has occurred and pPage has an overflow cell, call balance() 
  ** to redistribute the cells within the tree. Since balance() may move
  ** the cursor, zero the BtCursor.info.nSize and BTCF_ValidNKey
  ** variables.
  **
  ** Previous versions of SQLite called moveToRoot() to move the cursor
  ** back to the root page as balance() used to invalidate the contents
  ** of BtCursor.apPage[] and BtCursor.aiIdx[]. Instead of doing that,
  ** set the cursor state to "invalid". This makes common insert operations
  ** slightly faster.
................................................................................
  ** the b-tree if possible. If the cursor is left pointing to the last
  ** entry in the table, and the next row inserted has an integer key
  ** larger than the largest existing key, it is possible to insert the
  ** row without seeking the cursor. This can be a big performance boost.
  */
  pCur->info.nSize = 0;
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pPage->nOverflow ){
    pCur->curFlags &= ~(BTCF_ValidNKey);
    rc = balance(pCur);

    /* Must make sure nOverflow is reset to zero even if the balance()
    ** fails. Internal data structure corruption will result otherwise. 
    ** Also, set the cursor state to invalid. This stops saveCursorPosition()
    ** from trying to save the current position of the cursor.  */
    pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]->nOverflow = 0;
................................................................................
  unsigned char *pCell;                /* Pointer to cell to delete */
  int iCellIdx;                        /* Index of cell to delete */
  int iCellDepth;                      /* Depth of node containing pCell */ 

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( pBt->inTransaction==TRANS_WRITE );
  assert( (pBt->btsFlags & BTS_READ_ONLY)==0 );
  assert( pCur->curFlags & BTCF_WriteFlag );
  assert( hasSharedCacheTableLock(p, pCur->pgnoRoot, pCur->pKeyInfo!=0, 2) );
  assert( !hasReadConflicts(p, pCur->pgnoRoot) );

  if( NEVER(pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage]>=pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]->nCell) 
   || NEVER(pCur->eState!=CURSOR_VALID)
  ){
    return SQLITE_ERROR;  /* Something has gone awry. */
................................................................................
    ** a no-op).  */
    invalidateIncrblobCursors(p, 0, 1);
    rc = clearDatabasePage(pBt, (Pgno)iTable, 0, pnChange);
  }
  sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  return rc;
}

/*
** Delete all information from the single table that pCur is open on.
**
** This routine only work for pCur on an ephemeral table.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeClearTableOfCursor(BtCursor *pCur){
  return sqlite3BtreeClearTable(pCur->pBtree, pCur->pgnoRoot, 0);
}

/*
** Erase all information in a table and add the root of the table to
** the freelist.  Except, the root of the principle table (the one on
** page 1) is never added to the freelist.
**
** This routine will fail with SQLITE_LOCKED if there are any open
................................................................................
** parameters that attempt to write past the end of the existing data,
** no modifications are made and SQLITE_CORRUPT is returned.
*/
int sqlite3BtreePutData(BtCursor *pCsr, u32 offset, u32 amt, void *z){
  int rc;
  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCsr) );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCsr->pBtree->db->mutex) );
  assert( pCsr->curFlags & BTCF_Incrblob );

  rc = restoreCursorPosition(pCsr);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    return rc;
  }
  assert( pCsr->eState!=CURSOR_REQUIRESEEK );
  if( pCsr->eState!=CURSOR_VALID ){
................................................................................
  /* Check some assumptions: 
  **   (a) the cursor is open for writing,
  **   (b) there is a read/write transaction open,
  **   (c) the connection holds a write-lock on the table (if required),
  **   (d) there are no conflicting read-locks, and
  **   (e) the cursor points at a valid row of an intKey table.
  */
  if( (pCsr->curFlags & BTCF_WriteFlag)==0 ){
    return SQLITE_READONLY;
  }
  assert( (pCsr->pBt->btsFlags & BTS_READ_ONLY)==0
              && pCsr->pBt->inTransaction==TRANS_WRITE );
  assert( hasSharedCacheTableLock(pCsr->pBtree, pCsr->pgnoRoot, 0, 2) );
  assert( !hasReadConflicts(pCsr->pBtree, pCsr->pgnoRoot) );
  assert( pCsr->apPage[pCsr->iPage]->intKey );

  return accessPayload(pCsr, offset, amt, (unsigned char *)z, 1);
}

/* 
** Mark this cursor as an incremental blob cursor.







*/
void sqlite3BtreeIncrblobCursor(BtCursor *pCur){




  pCur->curFlags |= BTCF_Incrblob;
}
#endif

/*
** Set both the "read version" (single byte at byte offset 18) and 
** "write version" (single byte at byte offset 19) fields in the database
** header to iVersion.

Changes to src/btree.h.

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#define BTREE_OMIT_JOURNAL  1  /* Do not create or use a rollback journal */
#define BTREE_MEMORY        2  /* This is an in-memory DB */
#define BTREE_SINGLE        4  /* The file contains at most 1 b-tree */
#define BTREE_UNORDERED     8  /* Use of a hash implementation is OK */

int sqlite3BtreeClose(Btree*);
int sqlite3BtreeSetCacheSize(Btree*,int);

int sqlite3BtreeSetMmapLimit(Btree*,sqlite3_int64);

int sqlite3BtreeSetPagerFlags(Btree*,unsigned);
int sqlite3BtreeSyncDisabled(Btree*);
int sqlite3BtreeSetPageSize(Btree *p, int nPagesize, int nReserve, int eFix);
int sqlite3BtreeGetPageSize(Btree*);
int sqlite3BtreeMaxPageCount(Btree*,int);
u32 sqlite3BtreeLastPage(Btree*);
int sqlite3BtreeSecureDelete(Btree*,int);
................................................................................
** indices.)
*/
#define BTREE_INTKEY     1    /* Table has only 64-bit signed integer keys */
#define BTREE_BLOBKEY    2    /* Table has keys only - no data */

int sqlite3BtreeDropTable(Btree*, int, int*);
int sqlite3BtreeClearTable(Btree*, int, int*);

void sqlite3BtreeTripAllCursors(Btree*, int);

void sqlite3BtreeGetMeta(Btree *pBtree, int idx, u32 *pValue);
int sqlite3BtreeUpdateMeta(Btree*, int idx, u32 value);

int sqlite3BtreeNewDb(Btree *p);

................................................................................
int sqlite3BtreeDataSize(BtCursor*, u32 *pSize);
int sqlite3BtreeData(BtCursor*, u32 offset, u32 amt, void*);

char *sqlite3BtreeIntegrityCheck(Btree*, int *aRoot, int nRoot, int, int*);
struct Pager *sqlite3BtreePager(Btree*);

int sqlite3BtreePutData(BtCursor*, u32 offset, u32 amt, void*);
void sqlite3BtreeCacheOverflow(BtCursor *);
void sqlite3BtreeClearCursor(BtCursor *);
int sqlite3BtreeSetVersion(Btree *pBt, int iVersion);
void sqlite3BtreeCursorHints(BtCursor *, unsigned int mask);

#ifndef NDEBUG
int sqlite3BtreeCursorIsValid(BtCursor*);
#endif







>
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>







 







>







 







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#define BTREE_OMIT_JOURNAL  1  /* Do not create or use a rollback journal */
#define BTREE_MEMORY        2  /* This is an in-memory DB */
#define BTREE_SINGLE        4  /* The file contains at most 1 b-tree */
#define BTREE_UNORDERED     8  /* Use of a hash implementation is OK */

int sqlite3BtreeClose(Btree*);
int sqlite3BtreeSetCacheSize(Btree*,int);
#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
  int sqlite3BtreeSetMmapLimit(Btree*,sqlite3_int64);
#endif
int sqlite3BtreeSetPagerFlags(Btree*,unsigned);
int sqlite3BtreeSyncDisabled(Btree*);
int sqlite3BtreeSetPageSize(Btree *p, int nPagesize, int nReserve, int eFix);
int sqlite3BtreeGetPageSize(Btree*);
int sqlite3BtreeMaxPageCount(Btree*,int);
u32 sqlite3BtreeLastPage(Btree*);
int sqlite3BtreeSecureDelete(Btree*,int);
................................................................................
** indices.)
*/
#define BTREE_INTKEY     1    /* Table has only 64-bit signed integer keys */
#define BTREE_BLOBKEY    2    /* Table has keys only - no data */

int sqlite3BtreeDropTable(Btree*, int, int*);
int sqlite3BtreeClearTable(Btree*, int, int*);
int sqlite3BtreeClearTableOfCursor(BtCursor*);
void sqlite3BtreeTripAllCursors(Btree*, int);

void sqlite3BtreeGetMeta(Btree *pBtree, int idx, u32 *pValue);
int sqlite3BtreeUpdateMeta(Btree*, int idx, u32 value);

int sqlite3BtreeNewDb(Btree *p);

................................................................................
int sqlite3BtreeDataSize(BtCursor*, u32 *pSize);
int sqlite3BtreeData(BtCursor*, u32 offset, u32 amt, void*);

char *sqlite3BtreeIntegrityCheck(Btree*, int *aRoot, int nRoot, int, int*);
struct Pager *sqlite3BtreePager(Btree*);

int sqlite3BtreePutData(BtCursor*, u32 offset, u32 amt, void*);
void sqlite3BtreeIncrblobCursor(BtCursor *);
void sqlite3BtreeClearCursor(BtCursor *);
int sqlite3BtreeSetVersion(Btree *pBt, int iVersion);
void sqlite3BtreeCursorHints(BtCursor *, unsigned int mask);

#ifndef NDEBUG
int sqlite3BtreeCursorIsValid(BtCursor*);
#endif

Changes to src/btreeInt.h.

492
493
494
495
496
497
498
499
500
501
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505


506
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509

510
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519









520
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** found at self->pBt->mutex. 
*/
struct BtCursor {
  Btree *pBtree;            /* The Btree to which this cursor belongs */
  BtShared *pBt;            /* The BtShared this cursor points to */
  BtCursor *pNext, *pPrev;  /* Forms a linked list of all cursors */
  struct KeyInfo *pKeyInfo; /* Argument passed to comparison function */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_INCRBLOB
  Pgno *aOverflow;          /* Cache of overflow page locations */
#endif
  Pgno pgnoRoot;            /* The root page of this tree */
  CellInfo info;            /* A parse of the cell we are pointing at */
  i64 nKey;        /* Size of pKey, or last integer key */
  void *pKey;      /* Saved key that was cursor's last known position */


  int skipNext;    /* Prev() is noop if negative. Next() is noop if positive */
  u8 wrFlag;                /* True if writable */
  u8 atLast;                /* Cursor pointing to the last entry */
  u8 validNKey;             /* True if info.nKey is valid */

  u8 eState;                /* One of the CURSOR_XXX constants (see below) */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_INCRBLOB
  u8 isIncrblobHandle;      /* True if this cursor is an incr. io handle */
#endif
  u8 hints;                             /* As configured by CursorSetHints() */
  i16 iPage;                            /* Index of current page in apPage */
  u16 aiIdx[BTCURSOR_MAX_DEPTH];        /* Current index in apPage[i] */
  MemPage *apPage[BTCURSOR_MAX_DEPTH];  /* Pages from root to current page */
};










/*
** Potential values for BtCursor.eState.
**
** CURSOR_INVALID:
**   Cursor does not point to a valid entry. This can happen (for example) 
**   because the table is empty or because BtreeCursorFirst() has not been
**   called.







<

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<

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>
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>

<
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<






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492
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498

499


500
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506
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517
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519
520
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527
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529
** found at self->pBt->mutex. 
*/
struct BtCursor {
  Btree *pBtree;            /* The Btree to which this cursor belongs */
  BtShared *pBt;            /* The BtShared this cursor points to */
  BtCursor *pNext, *pPrev;  /* Forms a linked list of all cursors */
  struct KeyInfo *pKeyInfo; /* Argument passed to comparison function */

  Pgno *aOverflow;          /* Cache of overflow page locations */


  CellInfo info;            /* A parse of the cell we are pointing at */
  i64 nKey;                 /* Size of pKey, or last integer key */
  void *pKey;               /* Saved key that was cursor last known position */
  Pgno pgnoRoot;            /* The root page of this tree */
  int nOvflAlloc;           /* Allocated size of aOverflow[] array */
  int skipNext;    /* Prev() is noop if negative. Next() is noop if positive */



  u8 curFlags;              /* zero or more BTCF_* flags defined below */
  u8 eState;                /* One of the CURSOR_XXX constants (see below) */



  u8 hints;                             /* As configured by CursorSetHints() */
  i16 iPage;                            /* Index of current page in apPage */
  u16 aiIdx[BTCURSOR_MAX_DEPTH];        /* Current index in apPage[i] */
  MemPage *apPage[BTCURSOR_MAX_DEPTH];  /* Pages from root to current page */
};

/*
** Legal values for BtCursor.curFlags
*/
#define BTCF_WriteFlag    0x01   /* True if a write cursor */
#define BTCF_ValidNKey    0x02   /* True if info.nKey is valid */
#define BTCF_ValidOvfl    0x04   /* True if aOverflow is valid */
#define BTCF_AtLast       0x08   /* Cursor is pointing ot the last entry */
#define BTCF_Incrblob     0x10   /* True if an incremental I/O handle */

/*
** Potential values for BtCursor.eState.
**
** CURSOR_INVALID:
**   Cursor does not point to a valid entry. This can happen (for example) 
**   because the table is empty or because BtreeCursorFirst() has not been
**   called.

Changes to src/build.c.

901
902
903
904
905
906
907
908
909
910
911
912
913
914
915
....
2676
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2687
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2690
....
2726
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....
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....
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3267
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3273
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3277
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....
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3496
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3500
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3502
3503
    pParse->nErr++;
    goto begin_table_error;
  }
  pTable->zName = zName;
  pTable->iPKey = -1;
  pTable->pSchema = db->aDb[iDb].pSchema;
  pTable->nRef = 1;
  pTable->nRowEst = 1048576;
  assert( pParse->pNewTable==0 );
  pParse->pNewTable = pTable;

  /* If this is the magic sqlite_sequence table used by autoincrement,
  ** then record a pointer to this table in the main database structure
  ** so that INSERT can find the table easily.
  */
................................................................................
  ** records into the sorter. */
  sqlite3OpenTable(pParse, iTab, iDb, pTab, OP_OpenRead);
  addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iTab, 0); VdbeCoverage(v);
  regRecord = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);

  sqlite3GenerateIndexKey(pParse,pIndex,iTab,regRecord,0,&iPartIdxLabel,0,0);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SorterInsert, iSorter, regRecord);
  sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iPartIdxLabel);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iTab, addr1+1); VdbeCoverage(v);
  sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr1);
  if( memRootPage<0 ) sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Clear, tnum, iDb);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_OpenWrite, iIdx, tnum, iDb, 
                    (char *)pKey, P4_KEYINFO);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_BULKCSR|((memRootPage>=0)?OPFLAG_P2ISREG:0));

................................................................................
  char **ppExtra       /* Pointer to the "extra" space */
){
  Index *p;            /* Allocated index object */
  int nByte;           /* Bytes of space for Index object + arrays */

  nByte = ROUND8(sizeof(Index)) +              /* Index structure  */
          ROUND8(sizeof(char*)*nCol) +         /* Index.azColl     */
          ROUND8(sizeof(tRowcnt)*(nCol+1) +    /* Index.aiRowEst   */
                 sizeof(i16)*nCol +            /* Index.aiColumn   */
                 sizeof(u8)*nCol);             /* Index.aSortOrder */
  p = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, nByte + nExtra);
  if( p ){
    char *pExtra = ((char*)p)+ROUND8(sizeof(Index));
    p->azColl = (char**)pExtra;      pExtra += ROUND8(sizeof(char*)*nCol);
    p->aiRowEst = (tRowcnt*)pExtra;  pExtra += sizeof(tRowcnt)*(nCol+1);
    p->aiColumn = (i16*)pExtra;      pExtra += sizeof(i16)*nCol;
    p->aSortOrder = (u8*)pExtra;
    p->nColumn = nCol;
    p->nKeyCol = nCol - 1;
    *ppExtra = ((char*)p) + nByte;
  }
  return p;
}
................................................................................
  nName = sqlite3Strlen30(zName);
  nExtraCol = pPk ? pPk->nKeyCol : 1;
  pIndex = sqlite3AllocateIndexObject(db, pList->nExpr + nExtraCol,
                                      nName + nExtra + 1, &zExtra);
  if( db->mallocFailed ){
    goto exit_create_index;
  }
  assert( EIGHT_BYTE_ALIGNMENT(pIndex->aiRowEst) );
  assert( EIGHT_BYTE_ALIGNMENT(pIndex->azColl) );
  pIndex->zName = zExtra;
  zExtra += nName + 1;
  memcpy(pIndex->zName, zName, nName+1);
  pIndex->pTable = pTab;
  pIndex->onError = (u8)onError;
  pIndex->uniqNotNull = onError!=OE_None;
................................................................................
** Fill the Index.aiRowEst[] array with default information - information
** to be used when we have not run the ANALYZE command.
**
** aiRowEst[0] is suppose to contain the number of elements in the index.
** Since we do not know, guess 1 million.  aiRowEst[1] is an estimate of the
** number of rows in the table that match any particular value of the
** first column of the index.  aiRowEst[2] is an estimate of the number
** of rows that match any particular combiniation of the first 2 columns
** of the index.  And so forth.  It must always be the case that
*
**           aiRowEst[N]<=aiRowEst[N-1]
**           aiRowEst[N]>=1
**
** Apart from that, we have little to go on besides intuition as to
** how aiRowEst[] should be initialized.  The numbers generated here
** are based on typical values found in actual indices.
*/
void sqlite3DefaultRowEst(Index *pIdx){


  tRowcnt *a = pIdx->aiRowEst;

  int i;
  tRowcnt n;
  assert( a!=0 );




  a[0] = pIdx->pTable->nRowEst;
  if( a[0]<10 ) a[0] = 10;
  n = 10;





  for(i=1; i<=pIdx->nKeyCol; i++){
    a[i] = n;
    if( n>5 ) n--;

  }
  if( pIdx->onError!=OE_None ){
    a[pIdx->nKeyCol] = 1;
  }


}

/*
** This routine will drop an existing named index.  This routine
** implements the DROP INDEX statement.
*/
void sqlite3DropIndex(Parse *pParse, SrcList *pName, int ifExists){
................................................................................
  /* Sanity checking on calling parameters */
  assert( iStart>=0 );
  assert( nExtra>=1 );
  assert( pSrc!=0 );
  assert( iStart<=pSrc->nSrc );

  /* Allocate additional space if needed */
  if( pSrc->nSrc+nExtra>pSrc->nAlloc ){
    SrcList *pNew;
    int nAlloc = pSrc->nSrc+nExtra;
    int nGot;
    pNew = sqlite3DbRealloc(db, pSrc,
               sizeof(*pSrc) + (nAlloc-1)*sizeof(pSrc->a[0]) );
    if( pNew==0 ){
      assert( db->mallocFailed );
      return pSrc;
    }
    pSrc = pNew;
    nGot = (sqlite3DbMallocSize(db, pNew) - sizeof(*pSrc))/sizeof(pSrc->a[0])+1;
    pSrc->nAlloc = (u8)nGot;
  }

  /* Move existing slots that come after the newly inserted slots
  ** out of the way */
  for(i=pSrc->nSrc-1; i>=iStart; i--){
    pSrc->a[i+nExtra] = pSrc->a[i];
  }
  pSrc->nSrc += (i8)nExtra;

  /* Zero the newly allocated slots */
  memset(&pSrc->a[iStart], 0, sizeof(pSrc->a[0])*nExtra);
  for(i=iStart; i<iStart+nExtra; i++){
    pSrc->a[i].iCursor = -1;
  }








|







 







|







 







|





|
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|







 







|







 







|










>
>
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>

<
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<
<
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<
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>







 







|











|







|







901
902
903
904
905
906
907
908
909
910
911
912
913
914
915
....
2676
2677
2678
2679
2680
2681
2682
2683
2684
2685
2686
2687
2688
2689
2690
....
2726
2727
2728
2729
2730
2731
2732
2733
2734
2735
2736
2737
2738
2739
2740
2741
2742
2743
2744
2745
2746
2747
2748
....
2964
2965
2966
2967
2968
2969
2970
2971
2972
2973
2974
2975
2976
2977
2978
....
3245
3246
3247
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3250
3251
3252
3253
3254
3255
3256
3257
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3259
3260
3261
3262
3263
3264
3265
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3267


3268
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3270
3271
3272


3273
3274
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3276
3277
3278


3279
3280


3281
3282
3283
3284
3285
3286
3287
3288
3289
3290
....
3476
3477
3478
3479
3480
3481
3482
3483
3484
3485
3486
3487
3488
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3500
3501
3502
3503
3504
3505
3506
3507
3508
3509
3510
    pParse->nErr++;
    goto begin_table_error;
  }
  pTable->zName = zName;
  pTable->iPKey = -1;
  pTable->pSchema = db->aDb[iDb].pSchema;
  pTable->nRef = 1;
  pTable->nRowLogEst = 200; assert( 200==sqlite3LogEst(1048576) );
  assert( pParse->pNewTable==0 );
  pParse->pNewTable = pTable;

  /* If this is the magic sqlite_sequence table used by autoincrement,
  ** then record a pointer to this table in the main database structure
  ** so that INSERT can find the table easily.
  */
................................................................................
  ** records into the sorter. */
  sqlite3OpenTable(pParse, iTab, iDb, pTab, OP_OpenRead);
  addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iTab, 0); VdbeCoverage(v);
  regRecord = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);

  sqlite3GenerateIndexKey(pParse,pIndex,iTab,regRecord,0,&iPartIdxLabel,0,0);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SorterInsert, iSorter, regRecord);
  sqlite3ResolvePartIdxLabel(pParse, iPartIdxLabel);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iTab, addr1+1); VdbeCoverage(v);
  sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr1);
  if( memRootPage<0 ) sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Clear, tnum, iDb);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_OpenWrite, iIdx, tnum, iDb, 
                    (char *)pKey, P4_KEYINFO);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_BULKCSR|((memRootPage>=0)?OPFLAG_P2ISREG:0));

................................................................................
  char **ppExtra       /* Pointer to the "extra" space */
){
  Index *p;            /* Allocated index object */
  int nByte;           /* Bytes of space for Index object + arrays */

  nByte = ROUND8(sizeof(Index)) +              /* Index structure  */
          ROUND8(sizeof(char*)*nCol) +         /* Index.azColl     */
          ROUND8(sizeof(LogEst)*(nCol+1) +     /* Index.aiRowLogEst   */
                 sizeof(i16)*nCol +            /* Index.aiColumn   */
                 sizeof(u8)*nCol);             /* Index.aSortOrder */
  p = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, nByte + nExtra);
  if( p ){
    char *pExtra = ((char*)p)+ROUND8(sizeof(Index));
    p->azColl = (char**)pExtra;       pExtra += ROUND8(sizeof(char*)*nCol);
    p->aiRowLogEst = (LogEst*)pExtra; pExtra += sizeof(LogEst)*(nCol+1);
    p->aiColumn = (i16*)pExtra;       pExtra += sizeof(i16)*nCol;
    p->aSortOrder = (u8*)pExtra;
    p->nColumn = nCol;
    p->nKeyCol = nCol - 1;
    *ppExtra = ((char*)p) + nByte;
  }
  return p;
}
................................................................................
  nName = sqlite3Strlen30(zName);
  nExtraCol = pPk ? pPk->nKeyCol : 1;
  pIndex = sqlite3AllocateIndexObject(db, pList->nExpr + nExtraCol,
                                      nName + nExtra + 1, &zExtra);
  if( db->mallocFailed ){
    goto exit_create_index;
  }
  assert( EIGHT_BYTE_ALIGNMENT(pIndex->aiRowLogEst) );
  assert( EIGHT_BYTE_ALIGNMENT(pIndex->azColl) );
  pIndex->zName = zExtra;
  zExtra += nName + 1;
  memcpy(pIndex->zName, zName, nName+1);
  pIndex->pTable = pTab;
  pIndex->onError = (u8)onError;
  pIndex->uniqNotNull = onError!=OE_None;
................................................................................
** Fill the Index.aiRowEst[] array with default information - information
** to be used when we have not run the ANALYZE command.
**
** aiRowEst[0] is suppose to contain the number of elements in the index.
** Since we do not know, guess 1 million.  aiRowEst[1] is an estimate of the
** number of rows in the table that match any particular value of the
** first column of the index.  aiRowEst[2] is an estimate of the number
** of rows that match any particular combination of the first 2 columns
** of the index.  And so forth.  It must always be the case that
*
**           aiRowEst[N]<=aiRowEst[N-1]
**           aiRowEst[N]>=1
**
** Apart from that, we have little to go on besides intuition as to
** how aiRowEst[] should be initialized.  The numbers generated here
** are based on typical values found in actual indices.
*/
void sqlite3DefaultRowEst(Index *pIdx){
  /*                10,  9,  8,  7,  6 */
  LogEst aVal[] = { 33, 32, 30, 28, 26 };
  LogEst *a = pIdx->aiRowLogEst;
  int nCopy = MIN(ArraySize(aVal), pIdx->nKeyCol);
  int i;



  /* Set the first entry (number of rows in the index) to the estimated 
  ** number of rows in the table. Or 10, if the estimated number of rows 
  ** in the table is less than that.  */
  a[0] = pIdx->pTable->nRowLogEst;


  if( a[0]<33 ) a[0] = 33;        assert( 33==sqlite3LogEst(10) );

  /* Estimate that a[1] is 10, a[2] is 9, a[3] is 8, a[4] is 7, a[5] is
  ** 6 and each subsequent value (if any) is 5.  */
  memcpy(&a[1], aVal, nCopy*sizeof(LogEst));
  for(i=nCopy+1; i<=pIdx->nKeyCol; i++){


    a[i] = 23;                    assert( 23==sqlite3LogEst(5) );
  }



  assert( 0==sqlite3LogEst(1) );
  if( pIdx->onError!=OE_None ) a[pIdx->nKeyCol] = 0;
}

/*
** This routine will drop an existing named index.  This routine
** implements the DROP INDEX statement.
*/
void sqlite3DropIndex(Parse *pParse, SrcList *pName, int ifExists){
................................................................................
  /* Sanity checking on calling parameters */
  assert( iStart>=0 );
  assert( nExtra>=1 );
  assert( pSrc!=0 );
  assert( iStart<=pSrc->nSrc );

  /* Allocate additional space if needed */
  if( (u32)pSrc->nSrc+nExtra>pSrc->nAlloc ){
    SrcList *pNew;
    int nAlloc = pSrc->nSrc+nExtra;
    int nGot;
    pNew = sqlite3DbRealloc(db, pSrc,
               sizeof(*pSrc) + (nAlloc-1)*sizeof(pSrc->a[0]) );
    if( pNew==0 ){
      assert( db->mallocFailed );
      return pSrc;
    }
    pSrc = pNew;
    nGot = (sqlite3DbMallocSize(db, pNew) - sizeof(*pSrc))/sizeof(pSrc->a[0])+1;
    pSrc->nAlloc = nGot;
  }

  /* Move existing slots that come after the newly inserted slots
  ** out of the way */
  for(i=pSrc->nSrc-1; i>=iStart; i--){
    pSrc->a[i+nExtra] = pSrc->a[i];
  }
  pSrc->nSrc += nExtra;

  /* Zero the newly allocated slots */
  memset(&pSrc->a[iStart], 0, sizeof(pSrc->a[0])*nExtra);
  for(i=iStart; i<iStart+nExtra; i++){
    pSrc->a[i].iCursor = -1;
  }

Changes to src/ctime.c.

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215
216



217
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223
  "OMIT_CHECK",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_COMPLETE
  "OMIT_COMPLETE",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT
  "OMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT",



#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_DATETIME_FUNCS
  "OMIT_DATETIME_FUNCS",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_DECLTYPE
  "OMIT_DECLTYPE",
#endif







>
>
>







210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
  "OMIT_CHECK",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_COMPLETE
  "OMIT_COMPLETE",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT
  "OMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_CTE
  "OMIT_CTE",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_DATETIME_FUNCS
  "OMIT_DATETIME_FUNCS",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_DECLTYPE
  "OMIT_DECLTYPE",
#endif

Changes to src/delete.c.

735
736
737
738
739
740
741
742
743
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745
746
747
748
749
...
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759
760

761
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...
790
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    if( aRegIdx!=0 && aRegIdx[i]==0 ) continue;
    if( pIdx==pPk ) continue;
    VdbeModuleComment((v, "GenRowIdxDel for %s", pIdx->zName));
    r1 = sqlite3GenerateIndexKey(pParse, pIdx, iDataCur, 0, 1,
                                 &iPartIdxLabel, pPrior, r1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_IdxDelete, iIdxCur+i, r1,
                      pIdx->uniqNotNull ? pIdx->nKeyCol : pIdx->nColumn);
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iPartIdxLabel);
    pPrior = pIdx;
  }
}

/*
** Generate code that will assemble an index key and stores it in register
** regOut.  The key with be for index pIdx which is an index on pTab.
................................................................................
** Return a register number which is the first in a block of
** registers that holds the elements of the index key.  The
** block of registers has already been deallocated by the time
** this routine returns.
**
** If *piPartIdxLabel is not NULL, fill it in with a label and jump
** to that label if pIdx is a partial index that should be skipped.

** A partial index should be skipped if its WHERE clause evaluates
** to false or null.  If pIdx is not a partial index, *piPartIdxLabel
** will be set to zero which is an empty label that is ignored by
** sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel().
**
** The pPrior and regPrior parameters are used to implement a cache to
** avoid unnecessary register loads.  If pPrior is not NULL, then it is
** a pointer to a different index for which an index key has just been
** computed into register regPrior.  If the current pIdx index is generating
** its key into the same sequence of registers and if pPrior and pIdx share
** a column in common, then the register corresponding to that column already
................................................................................
  int regBase;
  int nCol;

  if( piPartIdxLabel ){
    if( pIdx->pPartIdxWhere ){
      *piPartIdxLabel = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
      pParse->iPartIdxTab = iDataCur;

      sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, pIdx->pPartIdxWhere, *piPartIdxLabel, 
                         SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
    }else{
      *piPartIdxLabel = 0;
    }
  }
  nCol = (prefixOnly && pIdx->uniqNotNull) ? pIdx->nKeyCol : pIdx->nColumn;
................................................................................
  }
  if( regOut ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regBase, nCol, regOut);
  }
  sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, regBase, nCol);
  return regBase;
}



















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>







 







>
>
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    if( aRegIdx!=0 && aRegIdx[i]==0 ) continue;
    if( pIdx==pPk ) continue;
    VdbeModuleComment((v, "GenRowIdxDel for %s", pIdx->zName));
    r1 = sqlite3GenerateIndexKey(pParse, pIdx, iDataCur, 0, 1,
                                 &iPartIdxLabel, pPrior, r1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_IdxDelete, iIdxCur+i, r1,
                      pIdx->uniqNotNull ? pIdx->nKeyCol : pIdx->nColumn);
    sqlite3ResolvePartIdxLabel(pParse, iPartIdxLabel);
    pPrior = pIdx;
  }
}

/*
** Generate code that will assemble an index key and stores it in register
** regOut.  The key with be for index pIdx which is an index on pTab.
................................................................................
** Return a register number which is the first in a block of
** registers that holds the elements of the index key.  The
** block of registers has already been deallocated by the time
** this routine returns.
**
** If *piPartIdxLabel is not NULL, fill it in with a label and jump
** to that label if pIdx is a partial index that should be skipped.
** The label should be resolved using sqlite3ResolvePartIdxLabel().
** A partial index should be skipped if its WHERE clause evaluates
** to false or null.  If pIdx is not a partial index, *piPartIdxLabel
** will be set to zero which is an empty label that is ignored by
** sqlite3ResolvePartIdxLabel().
**
** The pPrior and regPrior parameters are used to implement a cache to
** avoid unnecessary register loads.  If pPrior is not NULL, then it is
** a pointer to a different index for which an index key has just been
** computed into register regPrior.  If the current pIdx index is generating
** its key into the same sequence of registers and if pPrior and pIdx share
** a column in common, then the register corresponding to that column already
................................................................................
  int regBase;
  int nCol;

  if( piPartIdxLabel ){
    if( pIdx->pPartIdxWhere ){
      *piPartIdxLabel = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
      pParse->iPartIdxTab = iDataCur;
      sqlite3ExprCachePush(pParse);
      sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, pIdx->pPartIdxWhere, *piPartIdxLabel, 
                         SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
    }else{
      *piPartIdxLabel = 0;
    }
  }
  nCol = (prefixOnly && pIdx->uniqNotNull) ? pIdx->nKeyCol : pIdx->nColumn;
................................................................................
  }
  if( regOut ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regBase, nCol, regOut);
  }
  sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, regBase, nCol);
  return regBase;
}

/*
** If a prior call to sqlite3GenerateIndexKey() generated a jump-over label
** because it was a partial index, then this routine should be called to
** resolve that label.
*/
void sqlite3ResolvePartIdxLabel(Parse *pParse, int iLabel){
  if( iLabel ){
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(pParse->pVdbe, iLabel);
    sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse);
  }
}

Changes to src/expr.c.

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** SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a;
** SELECT a AS b FROM t1 WHERE b;
** SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE (select a from t1);
*/
char sqlite3ExprAffinity(Expr *pExpr){
  int op;
  pExpr = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pExpr);

  op = pExpr->op;
  if( op==TK_SELECT ){
    assert( pExpr->flags&EP_xIsSelect );
    return sqlite3ExprAffinity(pExpr->x.pSelect->pEList->a[0].pExpr);
  }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CAST
  if( op==TK_CAST ){
................................................................................
** Set the collating sequence for expression pExpr to be the collating
** sequence named by pToken.   Return a pointer to a new Expr node that
** implements the COLLATE operator.
**
** If a memory allocation error occurs, that fact is recorded in pParse->db
** and the pExpr parameter is returned unchanged.
*/
Expr *sqlite3ExprAddCollateToken(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr, Token *pCollName){




  if( pCollName->n>0 ){
    Expr *pNew = sqlite3ExprAlloc(pParse->db, TK_COLLATE, pCollName, 1);
    if( pNew ){
      pNew->pLeft = pExpr;
      pNew->flags |= EP_Collate|EP_Skip;
      pExpr = pNew;
    }
................................................................................
*/
CollSeq *sqlite3ExprCollSeq(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr){
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  CollSeq *pColl = 0;
  Expr *p = pExpr;
  while( p ){
    int op = p->op;

    if( op==TK_CAST || op==TK_UPLUS ){
      p = p->pLeft;
      continue;
    }
    if( op==TK_COLLATE || (op==TK_REGISTER && p->op2==TK_COLLATE) ){
      pColl = sqlite3GetCollSeq(pParse, ENC(db), 0, p->u.zToken);
      break;
................................................................................
ExprList *sqlite3ExprListDup(sqlite3 *db, ExprList *p, int flags){
  ExprList *pNew;
  struct ExprList_item *pItem, *pOldItem;
  int i;
  if( p==0 ) return 0;
  pNew = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, sizeof(*pNew) );
  if( pNew==0 ) return 0;
  pNew->iECursor = 0;
  pNew->nExpr = i = p->nExpr;
  if( (flags & EXPRDUP_REDUCE)==0 ) for(i=1; i<p->nExpr; i+=i){}
  pNew->a = pItem = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db,  i*sizeof(p->a[0]) );
  if( pItem==0 ){
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pNew);
    return 0;
  } 
................................................................................
  pNew->pLimit = sqlite3ExprDup(db, p->pLimit, flags);
  pNew->pOffset = sqlite3ExprDup(db, p->pOffset, flags);
  pNew->iLimit = 0;
  pNew->iOffset = 0;
  pNew->selFlags = p->selFlags & ~SF_UsesEphemeral;
  pNew->addrOpenEphm[0] = -1;
  pNew->addrOpenEphm[1] = -1;
  pNew->addrOpenEphm[2] = -1;
  pNew->nSelectRow = p->nSelectRow;
  pNew->pWith = withDup(db, p->pWith);
  return pNew;
}
#else
Select *sqlite3SelectDup(sqlite3 *db, Select *p, int flags){
  assert( p==0 );
................................................................................
    u32 savedNQueryLoop = pParse->nQueryLoop;
    int rMayHaveNull = 0;
    eType = IN_INDEX_EPH;
    if( prNotFound ){
      *prNotFound = rMayHaveNull = ++pParse->nMem;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, *prNotFound);
    }else{
      testcase( pParse->nQueryLoop>0 );
      pParse->nQueryLoop = 0;
      if( pX->pLeft->iColumn<0 && !ExprHasProperty(pX, EP_xIsSelect) ){
        eType = IN_INDEX_ROWID;
      }
    }
    sqlite3CodeSubselect(pParse, pX, rMayHaveNull, eType==IN_INDEX_ROWID);
    pParse->nQueryLoop = savedNQueryLoop;
................................................................................
      break;
    }
  }

  if( testAddr>=0 ){
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, testAddr);
  }
  sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse, 1);

  return rReg;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
/*
................................................................................
      /* The OP_Found at the top of this branch jumps here when true, 
      ** causing the overall IN expression evaluation to fall through.
      */
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, j1);
    }
  }
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r1);
  sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse, 1);
  VdbeComment((v, "end IN expr"));
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY */

/*
** Duplicate an 8-byte value
*/
................................................................................
    printf("PUSH to %d\n", pParse->iCacheLevel);
  }
#endif
}

/*
** Remove from the column cache any entries that were added since the
** the previous N Push operations.  In other words, restore the cache
** to the state it was in N Pushes ago.
*/
void sqlite3ExprCachePop(Parse *pParse, int N){
  int i;
  struct yColCache *p;
  assert( N>0 );
  assert( pParse->iCacheLevel>=N );
  pParse->iCacheLevel -= N;
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  if( pParse->db->flags & SQLITE_VdbeAddopTrace ){
    printf("POP  to %d\n", pParse->iCacheLevel);
  }
#endif
  for(i=0, p=pParse->aColCache; i<SQLITE_N_COLCACHE; i++, p++){
    if( p->iReg && p->iLevel>pParse->iCacheLevel ){
................................................................................
** Generate code to move content from registers iFrom...iFrom+nReg-1
** over to iTo..iTo+nReg-1. Keep the column cache up-to-date.
*/
void sqlite3ExprCodeMove(Parse *pParse, int iFrom, int iTo, int nReg){
  int i;
  struct yColCache *p;
  assert( iFrom>=iTo+nReg || iFrom+nReg<=iTo );
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(pParse->pVdbe, OP_Move, iFrom, iTo, nReg-1);
  for(i=0, p=pParse->aColCache; i<SQLITE_N_COLCACHE; i++, p++){
    int x = p->iReg;
    if( x>=iFrom && x<iFrom+nReg ){
      p->iReg += iTo-iFrom;
    }
  }
}
................................................................................
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pFarg->a[0].pExpr, target);
        for(i=1; i<nFarg; i++){
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NotNull, target, endCoalesce);
          VdbeCoverage(v);
          sqlite3ExprCacheRemove(pParse, target, 1);
          sqlite3ExprCachePush(pParse);
          sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pFarg->a[i].pExpr, target);
          sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse, 1);
        }
        sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, endCoalesce);
        break;
      }

      /* The UNLIKELY() function is a no-op.  The result is the value
      ** of the first argument.
................................................................................
            testcase( pDef->funcFlags & OPFLAG_LENGTHARG );
            pFarg->a[0].pExpr->op2 = 
                  pDef->funcFlags & (OPFLAG_LENGTHARG|OPFLAG_TYPEOFARG);
          }
        }

        sqlite3ExprCachePush(pParse);     /* Ticket 2ea2425d34be */
        sqlite3ExprCodeExprList(pParse, pFarg, r1, 
                                SQLITE_ECEL_DUP|SQLITE_ECEL_FACTOR);
        sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse, 1);   /* Ticket 2ea2425d34be */
      }else{
        r1 = 0;
      }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
      /* Possibly overload the function if the first argument is
      ** a virtual table column.
      **
................................................................................
        }
        nextCase = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
        testcase( pTest->op==TK_COLUMN );
        sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, pTest, nextCase, SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
        testcase( aListelem[i+1].pExpr->op==TK_COLUMN );
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, aListelem[i+1].pExpr, target);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, endLabel);
        sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse, 1);
        sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, nextCase);
      }
      if( (nExpr&1)!=0 ){
        sqlite3ExprCachePush(pParse);
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pEList->a[nExpr-1].pExpr, target);
        sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse, 1);
      }else{
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, target);
      }
      assert( db->mallocFailed || pParse->nErr>0 
           || pParse->iCacheLevel==iCacheLevel );
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, endLabel);
      break;
................................................................................
    case TK_AND: {
      int d2 = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
      testcase( jumpIfNull==0 );
      sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, d2,jumpIfNull^SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
      sqlite3ExprCachePush(pParse);
      sqlite3ExprIfTrue(pParse, pExpr->pRight, dest, jumpIfNull);
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, d2);
      sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse, 1);
      break;
    }
    case TK_OR: {
      testcase( jumpIfNull==0 );
      sqlite3ExprIfTrue(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, dest, jumpIfNull);
      sqlite3ExprCachePush(pParse);
      sqlite3ExprIfTrue(pParse, pExpr->pRight, dest, jumpIfNull);
      sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse, 1);
      break;
    }
    case TK_NOT: {
      testcase( jumpIfNull==0 );
      sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, dest, jumpIfNull);
      break;
    }
................................................................................

  switch( pExpr->op ){
    case TK_AND: {
      testcase( jumpIfNull==0 );
      sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, dest, jumpIfNull);
      sqlite3ExprCachePush(pParse);
      sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, pExpr->pRight, dest, jumpIfNull);
      sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse, 1);
      break;
    }
    case TK_OR: {
      int d2 = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
      testcase( jumpIfNull==0 );
      sqlite3ExprIfTrue(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, d2, jumpIfNull^SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
      sqlite3ExprCachePush(pParse);
      sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, pExpr->pRight, dest, jumpIfNull);
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, d2);
      sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse, 1);
      break;
    }
    case TK_NOT: {
      testcase( jumpIfNull==0 );
      sqlite3ExprIfTrue(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, dest, jumpIfNull);
      break;
    }







>







 







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3719
** SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a;
** SELECT a AS b FROM t1 WHERE b;
** SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE (select a from t1);
*/
char sqlite3ExprAffinity(Expr *pExpr){
  int op;
  pExpr = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pExpr);
  if( pExpr->flags & EP_Generic ) return SQLITE_AFF_NONE;
  op = pExpr->op;
  if( op==TK_SELECT ){
    assert( pExpr->flags&EP_xIsSelect );
    return sqlite3ExprAffinity(pExpr->x.pSelect->pEList->a[0].pExpr);
  }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CAST
  if( op==TK_CAST ){
................................................................................
** Set the collating sequence for expression pExpr to be the collating
** sequence named by pToken.   Return a pointer to a new Expr node that
** implements the COLLATE operator.
**
** If a memory allocation error occurs, that fact is recorded in pParse->db
** and the pExpr parameter is returned unchanged.
*/
Expr *sqlite3ExprAddCollateToken(
  Parse *pParse,           /* Parsing context */
  Expr *pExpr,             /* Add the "COLLATE" clause to this expression */
  const Token *pCollName   /* Name of collating sequence */
){
  if( pCollName->n>0 ){
    Expr *pNew = sqlite3ExprAlloc(pParse->db, TK_COLLATE, pCollName, 1);
    if( pNew ){
      pNew->pLeft = pExpr;
      pNew->flags |= EP_Collate|EP_Skip;
      pExpr = pNew;
    }
................................................................................
*/
CollSeq *sqlite3ExprCollSeq(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr){
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  CollSeq *pColl = 0;
  Expr *p = pExpr;
  while( p ){
    int op = p->op;
    if( p->flags & EP_Generic ) break;
    if( op==TK_CAST || op==TK_UPLUS ){
      p = p->pLeft;
      continue;
    }
    if( op==TK_COLLATE || (op==TK_REGISTER && p->op2==TK_COLLATE) ){
      pColl = sqlite3GetCollSeq(pParse, ENC(db), 0, p->u.zToken);
      break;
................................................................................
ExprList *sqlite3ExprListDup(sqlite3 *db, ExprList *p, int flags){
  ExprList *pNew;
  struct ExprList_item *pItem, *pOldItem;
  int i;
  if( p==0 ) return 0;
  pNew = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, sizeof(*pNew) );
  if( pNew==0 ) return 0;

  pNew->nExpr = i = p->nExpr;
  if( (flags & EXPRDUP_REDUCE)==0 ) for(i=1; i<p->nExpr; i+=i){}
  pNew->a = pItem = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db,  i*sizeof(p->a[0]) );
  if( pItem==0 ){
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pNew);
    return 0;
  } 
................................................................................
  pNew->pLimit = sqlite3ExprDup(db, p->pLimit, flags);
  pNew->pOffset = sqlite3ExprDup(db, p->pOffset, flags);
  pNew->iLimit = 0;
  pNew->iOffset = 0;
  pNew->selFlags = p->selFlags & ~SF_UsesEphemeral;
  pNew->addrOpenEphm[0] = -1;
  pNew->addrOpenEphm[1] = -1;

  pNew->nSelectRow = p->nSelectRow;
  pNew->pWith = withDup(db, p->pWith);
  return pNew;
}
#else
Select *sqlite3SelectDup(sqlite3 *db, Select *p, int flags){
  assert( p==0 );
................................................................................
    u32 savedNQueryLoop = pParse->nQueryLoop;
    int rMayHaveNull = 0;
    eType = IN_INDEX_EPH;
    if( prNotFound ){
      *prNotFound = rMayHaveNull = ++pParse->nMem;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, *prNotFound);
    }else{

      pParse->nQueryLoop = 0;
      if( pX->pLeft->iColumn<0 && !ExprHasProperty(pX, EP_xIsSelect) ){
        eType = IN_INDEX_ROWID;
      }
    }
    sqlite3CodeSubselect(pParse, pX, rMayHaveNull, eType==IN_INDEX_ROWID);
    pParse->nQueryLoop = savedNQueryLoop;
................................................................................
      break;
    }
  }

  if( testAddr>=0 ){
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, testAddr);
  }
  sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse);

  return rReg;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
/*
................................................................................
      /* The OP_Found at the top of this branch jumps here when true, 
      ** causing the overall IN expression evaluation to fall through.
      */
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, j1);
    }
  }
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r1);
  sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse);
  VdbeComment((v, "end IN expr"));
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY */

/*
** Duplicate an 8-byte value
*/
................................................................................
    printf("PUSH to %d\n", pParse->iCacheLevel);
  }
#endif
}

/*
** Remove from the column cache any entries that were added since the
** the previous sqlite3ExprCachePush operation.  In other words, restore
** the cache to the state it was in prior the most recent Push.
*/
void sqlite3ExprCachePop(Parse *pParse){
  int i;
  struct yColCache *p;

  assert( pParse->iCacheLevel>=1 );
  pParse->iCacheLevel--;
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  if( pParse->db->flags & SQLITE_VdbeAddopTrace ){
    printf("POP  to %d\n", pParse->iCacheLevel);
  }
#endif
  for(i=0, p=pParse->aColCache; i<SQLITE_N_COLCACHE; i++, p++){
    if( p->iReg && p->iLevel>pParse->iCacheLevel ){
................................................................................
** Generate code to move content from registers iFrom...iFrom+nReg-1
** over to iTo..iTo+nReg-1. Keep the column cache up-to-date.
*/
void sqlite3ExprCodeMove(Parse *pParse, int iFrom, int iTo, int nReg){
  int i;
  struct yColCache *p;
  assert( iFrom>=iTo+nReg || iFrom+nReg<=iTo );
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(pParse->pVdbe, OP_Move, iFrom, iTo, nReg);
  for(i=0, p=pParse->aColCache; i<SQLITE_N_COLCACHE; i++, p++){
    int x = p->iReg;
    if( x>=iFrom && x<iFrom+nReg ){
      p->iReg += iTo-iFrom;
    }
  }
}
................................................................................
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pFarg->a[0].pExpr, target);
        for(i=1; i<nFarg; i++){
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NotNull, target, endCoalesce);
          VdbeCoverage(v);
          sqlite3ExprCacheRemove(pParse, target, 1);
          sqlite3ExprCachePush(pParse);
          sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pFarg->a[i].pExpr, target);
          sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse);
        }
        sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, endCoalesce);
        break;
      }

      /* The UNLIKELY() function is a no-op.  The result is the value
      ** of the first argument.
................................................................................
            testcase( pDef->funcFlags & OPFLAG_LENGTHARG );
            pFarg->a[0].pExpr->op2 = 
                  pDef->funcFlags & (OPFLAG_LENGTHARG|OPFLAG_TYPEOFARG);
          }
        }

        sqlite3ExprCachePush(pParse);     /* Ticket 2ea2425d34be */
        sqlite3ExprCodeExprList(pParse, pFarg, r1,
                                SQLITE_ECEL_DUP|SQLITE_ECEL_FACTOR);
        sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse);      /* Ticket 2ea2425d34be */
      }else{
        r1 = 0;
      }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
      /* Possibly overload the function if the first argument is
      ** a virtual table column.
      **
................................................................................
        }
        nextCase = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
        testcase( pTest->op==TK_COLUMN );
        sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, pTest, nextCase, SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
        testcase( aListelem[i+1].pExpr->op==TK_COLUMN );
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, aListelem[i+1].pExpr, target);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, endLabel);
        sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse);
        sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, nextCase);
      }
      if( (nExpr&1)!=0 ){
        sqlite3ExprCachePush(pParse);
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pEList->a[nExpr-1].pExpr, target);
        sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse);
      }else{
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, target);
      }
      assert( db->mallocFailed || pParse->nErr>0 
           || pParse->iCacheLevel==iCacheLevel );
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, endLabel);
      break;
................................................................................
    case TK_AND: {
      int d2 = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
      testcase( jumpIfNull==0 );
      sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, d2,jumpIfNull^SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
      sqlite3ExprCachePush(pParse);
      sqlite3ExprIfTrue(pParse, pExpr->pRight, dest, jumpIfNull);
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, d2);
      sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse);
      break;
    }
    case TK_OR: {
      testcase( jumpIfNull==0 );
      sqlite3ExprIfTrue(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, dest, jumpIfNull);
      sqlite3ExprCachePush(pParse);
      sqlite3ExprIfTrue(pParse, pExpr->pRight, dest, jumpIfNull);
      sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse);
      break;
    }
    case TK_NOT: {
      testcase( jumpIfNull==0 );
      sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, dest, jumpIfNull);
      break;
    }
................................................................................

  switch( pExpr->op ){
    case TK_AND: {
      testcase( jumpIfNull==0 );
      sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, dest, jumpIfNull);
      sqlite3ExprCachePush(pParse);
      sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, pExpr->pRight, dest, jumpIfNull);
      sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse);
      break;
    }
    case TK_OR: {
      int d2 = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
      testcase( jumpIfNull==0 );
      sqlite3ExprIfTrue(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, d2, jumpIfNull^SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
      sqlite3ExprCachePush(pParse);
      sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, pExpr->pRight, dest, jumpIfNull);
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, d2);
      sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse);
      break;
    }
    case TK_NOT: {
      testcase( jumpIfNull==0 );
      sqlite3ExprIfTrue(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, dest, jumpIfNull);
      break;
    }

Changes to src/func.c.

1013
1014
1015
1016
1017
1018
1019
1020
1021
1022
1023
1024
1025
1026
1027
static void charFunc(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  unsigned char *z, *zOut;
  int i;
  zOut = z = sqlite3_malloc( argc*4 );
  if( z==0 ){
    sqlite3_result_error_nomem(context);
    return;
  }
  for(i=0; i<argc; i++){
    sqlite3_int64 x;
    unsigned c;







|







1013
1014
1015
1016
1017
1018
1019
1020
1021
1022
1023
1024
1025
1026
1027
static void charFunc(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  unsigned char *z, *zOut;
  int i;
  zOut = z = sqlite3_malloc( argc*4+1 );
  if( z==0 ){
    sqlite3_result_error_nomem(context);
    return;
  }
  for(i=0; i<argc; i++){
    sqlite3_int64 x;
    unsigned c;

Changes to src/insert.c.

97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
...
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
....
1862
1863
1864
1865
1866
1867
1868
1869


1870
1871
1872
1873
1874
1875

1876







1877
1878
1879
1880
1881
1882
1883
  return pIdx->zColAff;
}

/*
** Compute the affinity string for table pTab, if it has not already been
** computed.  As an optimization, omit trailing SQLITE_AFF_NONE affinities.
**
** If the affinity exists (if it is no entirely SQLITE_AFF_NONE values and
** if iReg>0 then code an OP_Affinity opcode that will set the affinities
** for register iReg and following.  Or if affinities exists and iReg==0,
** then just set the P4 operand of the previous opcode (which should  be
** an OP_MakeRecord) to the affinity string.
**
** A column affinity string has one character column:
**
**  Character      Column affinity
**  ------------------------------
**  'a'            TEXT
**  'b'            NONE
**  'c'            NUMERIC
**  'd'            INTEGER
................................................................................
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, zColAff, i);
    }
  }
}

/*
** Return non-zero if the table pTab in database iDb or any of its indices
** have been opened at any point in the VDBE program beginning at location
** iStartAddr throught the end of the program.  This is used to see if 
** a statement of the form  "INSERT INTO <iDb, pTab> SELECT ..." can 
** run without using temporary table for the results of the SELECT. 
*/
static int readsTable(Parse *p, int iDb, Table *pTab){
  Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(p);
  int i;
  int iEnd = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  VTable *pVTab = IsVirtual(pTab) ? sqlite3GetVTable(p->db, pTab) : 0;
................................................................................
  if( pDest->nCol!=pSrc->nCol ){
    return 0;   /* Number of columns must be the same in tab1 and tab2 */
  }
  if( pDest->iPKey!=pSrc->iPKey ){
    return 0;   /* Both tables must have the same INTEGER PRIMARY KEY */
  }
  for(i=0; i<pDest->nCol; i++){
    if( pDest->aCol[i].affinity!=pSrc->aCol[i].affinity ){


      return 0;    /* Affinity must be the same on all columns */
    }
    if( !xferCompatibleCollation(pDest->aCol[i].zColl, pSrc->aCol[i].zColl) ){
      return 0;    /* Collating sequence must be the same on all columns */
    }
    if( pDest->aCol[i].notNull && !pSrc->aCol[i].notNull ){

      return 0;    /* tab2 must be NOT NULL if tab1 is */







    }
  }
  for(pDestIdx=pDest->pIndex; pDestIdx; pDestIdx=pDestIdx->pNext){
    if( pDestIdx->onError!=OE_None ){
      destHasUniqueIdx = 1;
    }
    for(pSrcIdx=pSrc->pIndex; pSrcIdx; pSrcIdx=pSrcIdx->pNext){







|





|







 







|
<

|







 







|
>
>


|


<
>

>
>
>
>
>
>
>







97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
...
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151

152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
....
1861
1862
1863
1864
1865
1866
1867
1868
1869
1870
1871
1872
1873
1874
1875

1876
1877
1878
1879
1880
1881
1882
1883
1884
1885
1886
1887
1888
1889
1890
1891
  return pIdx->zColAff;
}

/*
** Compute the affinity string for table pTab, if it has not already been
** computed.  As an optimization, omit trailing SQLITE_AFF_NONE affinities.
**
** If the affinity exists (if it is no entirely SQLITE_AFF_NONE values) and
** if iReg>0 then code an OP_Affinity opcode that will set the affinities
** for register iReg and following.  Or if affinities exists and iReg==0,
** then just set the P4 operand of the previous opcode (which should  be
** an OP_MakeRecord) to the affinity string.
**
** A column affinity string has one character per column:
**
**  Character      Column affinity
**  ------------------------------
**  'a'            TEXT
**  'b'            NONE
**  'c'            NUMERIC
**  'd'            INTEGER
................................................................................
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, zColAff, i);
    }
  }
}

/*
** Return non-zero if the table pTab in database iDb or any of its indices
** have been opened at any point in the VDBE program. This is used to see if 

** a statement of the form  "INSERT INTO <iDb, pTab> SELECT ..." can 
** run without using a temporary table for the results of the SELECT. 
*/
static int readsTable(Parse *p, int iDb, Table *pTab){
  Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(p);
  int i;
  int iEnd = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  VTable *pVTab = IsVirtual(pTab) ? sqlite3GetVTable(p->db, pTab) : 0;
................................................................................
  if( pDest->nCol!=pSrc->nCol ){
    return 0;   /* Number of columns must be the same in tab1 and tab2 */
  }
  if( pDest->iPKey!=pSrc->iPKey ){
    return 0;   /* Both tables must have the same INTEGER PRIMARY KEY */
  }
  for(i=0; i<pDest->nCol; i++){
    Column *pDestCol = &pDest->aCol[i];
    Column *pSrcCol = &pSrc->aCol[i];
    if( pDestCol->affinity!=pSrcCol->affinity ){
      return 0;    /* Affinity must be the same on all columns */
    }
    if( !xferCompatibleCollation(pDestCol->zColl, pSrcCol->zColl) ){
      return 0;    /* Collating sequence must be the same on all columns */
    }

    if( pDestCol->notNull && !pSrcCol->notNull ){
      return 0;    /* tab2 must be NOT NULL if tab1 is */
    }
    /* Default values for second and subsequent columns need to match. */
    if( i>0
     && ((pDestCol->zDflt==0)!=(pSrcCol->zDflt==0) 
         || (pDestCol->zDflt && strcmp(pDestCol->zDflt, pSrcCol->zDflt)!=0))
    ){
      return 0;    /* Default values must be the same for all columns */
    }
  }
  for(pDestIdx=pDest->pIndex; pDestIdx; pDestIdx=pDestIdx->pNext){
    if( pDestIdx->onError!=OE_None ){
      destHasUniqueIdx = 1;
    }
    for(pSrcIdx=pSrc->pIndex; pSrcIdx; pSrcIdx=pSrcIdx->pNext){

Changes to src/main.c.

796
797
798
799
800
801
802

803
804
805
806
807
808
809
....
3199
3200
3201
3202
3203
3204
3205
















3206
3207
3208
3209
3210
3211
3212
      HashElem *p;
      for(p=sqliteHashFirst(&pSchema->tblHash); p; p=sqliteHashNext(p)){
        Table *pTab = (Table *)sqliteHashData(p);
        if( IsVirtual(pTab) ) sqlite3VtabDisconnect(db, pTab);
      }
    }
  }

  sqlite3BtreeLeaveAll(db);
#else
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(db);
#endif
}

/*
................................................................................
    **    }
    */
    case SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ALWAYS: {
      int x = va_arg(ap,int);
      rc = ALWAYS(x);
      break;
    }

















    /*   sqlite3_test_control(SQLITE_TESTCTRL_RESERVE, sqlite3 *db, int N)
    **
    ** Set the nReserve size to N for the main database on the database
    ** connection db.
    */
    case SQLITE_TESTCTRL_RESERVE: {







>







 







>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>







796
797
798
799
800
801
802
803
804
805
806
807
808
809
810
....
3200
3201
3202
3203
3204
3205
3206
3207
3208
3209
3210
3211
3212
3213
3214
3215
3216
3217
3218
3219
3220
3221
3222
3223
3224
3225
3226
3227
3228
3229
      HashElem *p;
      for(p=sqliteHashFirst(&pSchema->tblHash); p; p=sqliteHashNext(p)){
        Table *pTab = (Table *)sqliteHashData(p);
        if( IsVirtual(pTab) ) sqlite3VtabDisconnect(db, pTab);
      }
    }
  }
  sqlite3VtabUnlockList(db);
  sqlite3BtreeLeaveAll(db);
#else
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(db);
#endif
}

/*
................................................................................
    **    }
    */
    case SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ALWAYS: {
      int x = va_arg(ap,int);
      rc = ALWAYS(x);
      break;
    }

    /*
    **   sqlite3_test_control(SQLITE_TESTCTRL_BYTEORDER);
    **
    ** The integer returned reveals the byte-order of the computer on which
    ** SQLite is running:
    **
    **       1     big-endian,    determined at run-time
    **      10     little-endian, determined at run-time
    **  432101     big-endian,    determined at compile-time
    **  123410     little-endian, determined at compile-time
    */ 
    case SQLITE_TESTCTRL_BYTEORDER: {
      rc = SQLITE_BYTEORDER*100 + SQLITE_LITTLEENDIAN*10 + SQLITE_BIGENDIAN;
      break;
    }

    /*   sqlite3_test_control(SQLITE_TESTCTRL_RESERVE, sqlite3 *db, int N)
    **
    ** Set the nReserve size to N for the main database on the database
    ** connection db.
    */
    case SQLITE_TESTCTRL_RESERVE: {

Changes to src/mem5.c.

244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
  /* Round nByte up to the next valid power of two */
  for(iFullSz=mem5.szAtom, iLogsize=0; iFullSz<nByte; iFullSz *= 2, iLogsize++){}

  /* Make sure mem5.aiFreelist[iLogsize] contains at least one free
  ** block.  If not, then split a block of the next larger power of
  ** two in order to create a new free block of size iLogsize.
  */
  for(iBin=iLogsize; mem5.aiFreelist[iBin]<0 && iBin<=LOGMAX; iBin++){}
  if( iBin>LOGMAX ){
    testcase( sqlite3GlobalConfig.xLog!=0 );
    sqlite3_log(SQLITE_NOMEM, "failed to allocate %u bytes", nByte);
    return 0;
  }
  i = mem5.aiFreelist[iBin];
  memsys5Unlink(i, iBin);







|







244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
  /* Round nByte up to the next valid power of two */
  for(iFullSz=mem5.szAtom, iLogsize=0; iFullSz<nByte; iFullSz *= 2, iLogsize++){}

  /* Make sure mem5.aiFreelist[iLogsize] contains at least one free
  ** block.  If not, then split a block of the next larger power of
  ** two in order to create a new free block of size iLogsize.
  */
  for(iBin=iLogsize; iBin<=LOGMAX && mem5.aiFreelist[iBin]<0; iBin++){}
  if( iBin>LOGMAX ){
    testcase( sqlite3GlobalConfig.xLog!=0 );
    sqlite3_log(SQLITE_NOMEM, "failed to allocate %u bytes", nByte);
    return 0;
  }
  i = mem5.aiFreelist[iBin];
  memsys5Unlink(i, iBin);

Changes to src/os_unix.c.

319
320
321
322
323
324
325

326
327
328
329
330
331
332
...
441
442
443
444
445
446
447



448
449
450
451
452
453
454
....
4101
4102
4103
4104
4105
4106
4107






























4108
4109
4110
4111
4112
4113
4114
4115
4116
4117
4118

4119
4120
4121
4122
4123
4124
4125
4126
4127
4128
4129
....
4322
4323
4324
4325
4326
4327
4328


4329
4330
4331
4332
4333
4334
4335
....
4337
4338
4339
4340
4341
4342
4343



4344
4345
4346
4347
4348
4349
4350
4351
4352
4353
....
4388
4389
4390
4391
4392
4393
4394
4395
4396
4397
4398
4399
4400
4401
4402


4403
4404
4405
4406
4407
4408
4409
4410
4411
4412
....
4414
4415
4416
4417
4418
4419
4420


4421

4422
4423
4424
4425
4426
4427
4428
4429
....
4629
4630
4631
4632
4633
4634
4635
4636
4637
4638
4639
4640
4641
4642
4643
4644
4645
4646
4647
4648
4649
4650
4651
4652
4653
4654
4655
....
4678
4679
4680
4681
4682
4683
4684



4685
4686

4687
4688
4689
4690
4691
4692
4693
....
7425
7426
7427
7428
7429
7430
7431
7432
7433
7434
7435
7436
7437
7438
7439
*/
static int posixFchown(int fd, uid_t uid, gid_t gid){
  return geteuid() ? 0 : fchown(fd,uid,gid);
}

/* Forward reference */
static int openDirectory(const char*, int*);


/*
** Many system calls are accessed through pointer-to-functions so that
** they may be overridden at runtime to facilitate fault injection during
** testing and sandboxing.  The following array holds the names and pointers
** to all overrideable system calls.
*/
................................................................................
#if HAVE_MREMAP
  { "mremap",       (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)mremap,          0 },
#else
  { "mremap",       (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)0,               0 },
#endif
#define osMremap ((void*(*)(void*,size_t,size_t,int,...))aSyscall[23].pCurrent)
#endif




}; /* End of the overrideable system calls */

/*
** This is the xSetSystemCall() method of sqlite3_vfs for all of the
** "unix" VFSes.  Return SQLITE_OK opon successfully updating the
** system call pointer, or SQLITE_NOTFOUND if there is no configurable
................................................................................
           pShmNode->sharedMask, pShmNode->exclMask));
  }
#endif

  return rc;        
}
































/*
** Purge the unixShmNodeList list of all entries with unixShmNode.nRef==0.
**
** This is not a VFS shared-memory method; it is a utility function called
** by VFS shared-memory methods.
*/
static void unixShmPurge(unixFile *pFd){
  unixShmNode *p = pFd->pInode->pShmNode;
  assert( unixMutexHeld() );
  if( p && p->nRef==0 ){

    int i;
    assert( p->pInode==pFd->pInode );
    sqlite3_mutex_free(p->mutex);
    for(i=0; i<p->nRegion; i++){
      if( p->h>=0 ){
        osMunmap(p->apRegion[i], p->szRegion);
      }else{
        sqlite3_free(p->apRegion[i]);
      }
    }
    sqlite3_free(p->apRegion);
................................................................................
  int bExtend,                    /* True to extend file if necessary */
  void volatile **pp              /* OUT: Mapped memory */
){
  unixFile *pDbFd = (unixFile*)fd;
  unixShm *p;
  unixShmNode *pShmNode;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;



  /* If the shared-memory file has not yet been opened, open it now. */
  if( pDbFd->pShm==0 ){
    rc = unixOpenSharedMemory(pDbFd);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
  }

................................................................................
  pShmNode = p->pShmNode;
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(pShmNode->mutex);
  assert( szRegion==pShmNode->szRegion || pShmNode->nRegion==0 );
  assert( pShmNode->pInode==pDbFd->pInode );
  assert( pShmNode->h>=0 || pDbFd->pInode->bProcessLock==1 );
  assert( pShmNode->h<0 || pDbFd->pInode->bProcessLock==0 );




  if( pShmNode->nRegion<=iRegion ){
    char **apNew;                      /* New apRegion[] array */
    int nByte = (iRegion+1)*szRegion;  /* Minimum required file size */
    struct stat sStat;                 /* Used by fstat() */

    pShmNode->szRegion = szRegion;

    if( pShmNode->h>=0 ){
      /* The requested region is not mapped into this processes address space.
      ** Check to see if it has been allocated (i.e. if the wal-index file is
................................................................................
          }
        }
      }
    }

    /* Map the requested memory region into this processes address space. */
    apNew = (char **)sqlite3_realloc(
        pShmNode->apRegion, (iRegion+1)*sizeof(char *)
    );
    if( !apNew ){
      rc = SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
      goto shmpage_out;
    }
    pShmNode->apRegion = apNew;
    while(pShmNode->nRegion<=iRegion){


      void *pMem;
      if( pShmNode->h>=0 ){
        pMem = osMmap(0, szRegion,
            pShmNode->isReadonly ? PROT_READ : PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE, 
            MAP_SHARED, pShmNode->h, szRegion*(i64)pShmNode->nRegion
        );
        if( pMem==MAP_FAILED ){
          rc = unixLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_SHMMAP, "mmap", pShmNode->zFilename);
          goto shmpage_out;
        }
................................................................................
        pMem = sqlite3_malloc(szRegion);
        if( pMem==0 ){
          rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
          goto shmpage_out;
        }
        memset(pMem, 0, szRegion);
      }


      pShmNode->apRegion[pShmNode->nRegion] = pMem;

      pShmNode->nRegion++;
    }
  }

shmpage_out:
  if( pShmNode->nRegion>iRegion ){
    *pp = pShmNode->apRegion[iRegion];
  }else{
................................................................................
    osMunmap(pFd->pMapRegion, pFd->mmapSizeActual);
    pFd->pMapRegion = 0;
    pFd->mmapSize = 0;
    pFd->mmapSizeActual = 0;
  }
}

/*
** Return the system page size.
*/
static int unixGetPagesize(void){
#if HAVE_MREMAP
  return 512;
#elif defined(_BSD_SOURCE)
  return getpagesize();
#else
  return (int)sysconf(_SC_PAGESIZE);
#endif
}

/*
** Attempt to set the size of the memory mapping maintained by file 
** descriptor pFd to nNew bytes. Any existing mapping is discarded.
**
** If successful, this function sets the following variables:
**
**       unixFile.pMapRegion
................................................................................
  assert( nNew>0 );
  assert( pFd->mmapSizeActual>=pFd->mmapSize );
  assert( MAP_FAILED!=0 );

  if( (pFd->ctrlFlags & UNIXFILE_RDONLY)==0 ) flags |= PROT_WRITE;

  if( pOrig ){



    const int szSyspage = unixGetPagesize();
    i64 nReuse = (pFd->mmapSize & ~(szSyspage-1));

    u8 *pReq = &pOrig[nReuse];

    /* Unmap any pages of the existing mapping that cannot be reused. */
    if( nReuse!=nOrig ){
      osMunmap(pReq, nOrig-nReuse);
    }

................................................................................
    UNIXVFS("unix-proxy",    proxyIoFinder ),
#endif
  };
  unsigned int i;          /* Loop counter */

  /* Double-check that the aSyscall[] array has been constructed
  ** correctly.  See ticket [bb3a86e890c8e96ab] */
  assert( ArraySize(aSyscall)==24 );

  /* Register all VFSes defined in the aVfs[] array */
  for(i=0; i<(sizeof(aVfs)/sizeof(sqlite3_vfs)); i++){
    sqlite3_vfs_register(&aVfs[i], i==0);
  }
  return SQLITE_OK; 
}







>







 







>
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>







 







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<
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>







 







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319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
...
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
456
457
458
....
4105
4106
4107
4108
4109
4110
4111
4112
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4117
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4119
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4150
4151
4152
4153
4154
4155
4156
4157
4158
4159
4160
4161
4162
4163
4164
....
4357
4358
4359
4360
4361
4362
4363
4364
4365
4366
4367
4368
4369
4370
4371
4372
....
4374
4375
4376
4377
4378
4379
4380
4381
4382
4383
4384
4385
4386
4387
4388
4389
4390
4391
4392
4393
....
4428
4429
4430
4431
4432
4433
4434
4435
4436
4437
4438
4439
4440
4441
4442
4443
4444
4445
4446
4447
4448
4449
4450
4451
4452
4453
4454
....
4456
4457
4458
4459
4460
4461
4462
4463
4464
4465
4466
4467
4468
4469
4470
4471
4472
4473
4474
....
4674
4675
4676
4677
4678
4679
4680













4681
4682
4683
4684
4685
4686
4687
....
4710
4711
4712
4713
4714
4715
4716
4717
4718
4719
4720
4721
4722
4723
4724
4725
4726
4727
4728
4729
....
7461
7462
7463
7464
7465
7466
7467
7468
7469
7470
7471
7472
7473
7474
7475
*/
static int posixFchown(int fd, uid_t uid, gid_t gid){
  return geteuid() ? 0 : fchown(fd,uid,gid);
}

/* Forward reference */
static int openDirectory(const char*, int*);
static int unixGetpagesize(void);

/*
** Many system calls are accessed through pointer-to-functions so that
** they may be overridden at runtime to facilitate fault injection during
** testing and sandboxing.  The following array holds the names and pointers
** to all overrideable system calls.
*/
................................................................................
#if HAVE_MREMAP
  { "mremap",       (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)mremap,          0 },
#else
  { "mremap",       (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)0,               0 },
#endif
#define osMremap ((void*(*)(void*,size_t,size_t,int,...))aSyscall[23].pCurrent)
#endif

  { "getpagesize",  (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)unixGetpagesize, 0 },
#define osGetpagesize ((int(*)(void))aSyscall[24].pCurrent)

}; /* End of the overrideable system calls */

/*
** This is the xSetSystemCall() method of sqlite3_vfs for all of the
** "unix" VFSes.  Return SQLITE_OK opon successfully updating the
** system call pointer, or SQLITE_NOTFOUND if there is no configurable
................................................................................
           pShmNode->sharedMask, pShmNode->exclMask));
  }
#endif

  return rc;        
}

/*
** Return the system page size.
**
** This function should not be called directly by other code in this file. 
** Instead, it should be called via macro osGetpagesize().
*/
static int unixGetpagesize(void){
#if defined(_BSD_SOURCE)
  return getpagesize();
#else
  return (int)sysconf(_SC_PAGESIZE);
#endif
}

/*
** Return the minimum number of 32KB shm regions that should be mapped at
** a time, assuming that each mapping must be an integer multiple of the
** current system page-size.
**
** Usually, this is 1. The exception seems to be systems that are configured
** to use 64KB pages - in this case each mapping must cover at least two
** shm regions.
*/
static int unixShmRegionPerMap(void){
  int shmsz = 32*1024;            /* SHM region size */
  int pgsz = osGetpagesize();   /* System page size */
  assert( ((pgsz-1)&pgsz)==0 );   /* Page size must be a power of 2 */
  if( pgsz<shmsz ) return 1;
  return pgsz/shmsz;
}

/*
** Purge the unixShmNodeList list of all entries with unixShmNode.nRef==0.
**
** This is not a VFS shared-memory method; it is a utility function called
** by VFS shared-memory methods.
*/
static void unixShmPurge(unixFile *pFd){
  unixShmNode *p = pFd->pInode->pShmNode;
  assert( unixMutexHeld() );
  if( p && p->nRef==0 ){
    int nShmPerMap = unixShmRegionPerMap();
    int i;
    assert( p->pInode==pFd->pInode );
    sqlite3_mutex_free(p->mutex);
    for(i=0; i<p->nRegion; i+=nShmPerMap){
      if( p->h>=0 ){
        osMunmap(p->apRegion[i], p->szRegion);
      }else{
        sqlite3_free(p->apRegion[i]);
      }
    }
    sqlite3_free(p->apRegion);
................................................................................
  int bExtend,                    /* True to extend file if necessary */
  void volatile **pp              /* OUT: Mapped memory */
){
  unixFile *pDbFd = (unixFile*)fd;
  unixShm *p;
  unixShmNode *pShmNode;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  int nShmPerMap = unixShmRegionPerMap();
  int nReqRegion;

  /* If the shared-memory file has not yet been opened, open it now. */
  if( pDbFd->pShm==0 ){
    rc = unixOpenSharedMemory(pDbFd);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
  }

................................................................................
  pShmNode = p->pShmNode;
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(pShmNode->mutex);
  assert( szRegion==pShmNode->szRegion || pShmNode->nRegion==0 );
  assert( pShmNode->pInode==pDbFd->pInode );
  assert( pShmNode->h>=0 || pDbFd->pInode->bProcessLock==1 );
  assert( pShmNode->h<0 || pDbFd->pInode->bProcessLock==0 );

  /* Minimum number of regions required to be mapped. */
  nReqRegion = ((iRegion+nShmPerMap) / nShmPerMap) * nShmPerMap;

  if( pShmNode->nRegion<nReqRegion ){
    char **apNew;                      /* New apRegion[] array */
    int nByte = nReqRegion*szRegion;   /* Minimum required file size */
    struct stat sStat;                 /* Used by fstat() */

    pShmNode->szRegion = szRegion;

    if( pShmNode->h>=0 ){
      /* The requested region is not mapped into this processes address space.
      ** Check to see if it has been allocated (i.e. if the wal-index file is
................................................................................
          }
        }
      }
    }

    /* Map the requested memory region into this processes address space. */
    apNew = (char **)sqlite3_realloc(
        pShmNode->apRegion, nReqRegion*sizeof(char *)
    );
    if( !apNew ){
      rc = SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
      goto shmpage_out;
    }
    pShmNode->apRegion = apNew;
    while( pShmNode->nRegion<nReqRegion ){
      int nMap = szRegion*nShmPerMap;
      int i;
      void *pMem;
      if( pShmNode->h>=0 ){
        pMem = osMmap(0, nMap,
            pShmNode->isReadonly ? PROT_READ : PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE, 
            MAP_SHARED, pShmNode->h, szRegion*(i64)pShmNode->nRegion
        );
        if( pMem==MAP_FAILED ){
          rc = unixLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_SHMMAP, "mmap", pShmNode->zFilename);
          goto shmpage_out;
        }
................................................................................
        pMem = sqlite3_malloc(szRegion);
        if( pMem==0 ){
          rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
          goto shmpage_out;
        }
        memset(pMem, 0, szRegion);
      }

      for(i=0; i<nShmPerMap; i++){
        pShmNode->apRegion[pShmNode->nRegion+i] = &((char*)pMem)[szRegion*i];
      }
      pShmNode->nRegion += nShmPerMap;
    }
  }

shmpage_out:
  if( pShmNode->nRegion>iRegion ){
    *pp = pShmNode->apRegion[iRegion];
  }else{
................................................................................
    osMunmap(pFd->pMapRegion, pFd->mmapSizeActual);
    pFd->pMapRegion = 0;
    pFd->mmapSize = 0;
    pFd->mmapSizeActual = 0;
  }
}














/*
** Attempt to set the size of the memory mapping maintained by file 
** descriptor pFd to nNew bytes. Any existing mapping is discarded.
**
** If successful, this function sets the following variables:
**
**       unixFile.pMapRegion
................................................................................
  assert( nNew>0 );
  assert( pFd->mmapSizeActual>=pFd->mmapSize );
  assert( MAP_FAILED!=0 );

  if( (pFd->ctrlFlags & UNIXFILE_RDONLY)==0 ) flags |= PROT_WRITE;

  if( pOrig ){
#if HAVE_MREMAP
    i64 nReuse = pFd->mmapSize;
#else
    const int szSyspage = osGetpagesize();
    i64 nReuse = (pFd->mmapSize & ~(szSyspage-1));
#endif
    u8 *pReq = &pOrig[nReuse];

    /* Unmap any pages of the existing mapping that cannot be reused. */
    if( nReuse!=nOrig ){
      osMunmap(pReq, nOrig-nReuse);
    }

................................................................................
    UNIXVFS("unix-proxy",    proxyIoFinder ),
#endif
  };
  unsigned int i;          /* Loop counter */

  /* Double-check that the aSyscall[] array has been constructed
  ** correctly.  See ticket [bb3a86e890c8e96ab] */
  assert( ArraySize(aSyscall)==25 );

  /* Register all VFSes defined in the aVfs[] array */
  for(i=0; i<(sizeof(aVfs)/sizeof(sqlite3_vfs)); i++){
    sqlite3_vfs_register(&aVfs[i], i==0);
  }
  return SQLITE_OK; 
}

Changes to src/os_win.c.

5164
5165
5166
5167
5168
5169
5170
















5171
5172

5173
5174
5175
5176
5177
5178
5179
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION
/*
** Interfaces for opening a shared library, finding entry points
** within the shared library, and closing the shared library.
*/
static void *winDlOpen(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, const char *zFilename){
  HANDLE h;
















  void *zConverted = winConvertFromUtf8Filename(zFilename);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pVfs);

  if( zConverted==0 ){
    OSTRACE(("DLOPEN name=%s, handle=%p\n", zFilename, (void*)0));
    return 0;
  }
  if( osIsNT() ){
#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
    h = osLoadPackagedLibrary((LPCWSTR)zConverted, 0);







>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
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>







5164
5165
5166
5167
5168
5169
5170
5171
5172
5173
5174
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5177
5178
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5180
5181
5182
5183
5184
5185
5186
5187
5188
5189
5190
5191
5192
5193
5194
5195
5196
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION
/*
** Interfaces for opening a shared library, finding entry points
** within the shared library, and closing the shared library.
*/
static void *winDlOpen(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, const char *zFilename){
  HANDLE h;
#if defined(__CYGWIN__)
  int nFull = pVfs->mxPathname+1;
  char *zFull = sqlite3MallocZero( nFull );
  void *zConverted = 0;
  if( zFull==0 ){
    OSTRACE(("DLOPEN name=%s, handle=%p\n", zFilename, (void*)0));
    return 0;
  }
  if( winFullPathname(pVfs, zFilename, nFull, zFull)!=SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3_free(zFull);
    OSTRACE(("DLOPEN name=%s, handle=%p\n", zFilename, (void*)0));
    return 0;
  }
  zConverted = winConvertFromUtf8Filename(zFull);
  sqlite3_free(zFull);
#else
  void *zConverted = winConvertFromUtf8Filename(zFilename);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pVfs);
#endif
  if( zConverted==0 ){
    OSTRACE(("DLOPEN name=%s, handle=%p\n", zFilename, (void*)0));
    return 0;
  }
  if( osIsNT() ){
#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
    h = osLoadPackagedLibrary((LPCWSTR)zConverted, 0);

Changes to src/pager.c.

1620
1621
1622
1623
1624
1625
1626
1627
1628
1629
1630
1631
1632
1633
1634
1635
1636
1637
1638
1639
....
4885
4886
4887
4888
4889
4890
4891
4892
4893
4894
4895
4896
4897
4898
4899








4900
4901
4902
4903
4904
4905
4906
4907
  u32 cksum = 0;                   /* Checksum of string zMaster */

  assert( pPager->setMaster==0 );
  assert( !pagerUseWal(pPager) );

  if( !zMaster 
   || pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_MEMORY 
   || pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF 
  ){
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  pPager->setMaster = 1;
  assert( isOpen(pPager->jfd) );
  assert( pPager->journalHdr <= pPager->journalOff );

  /* Calculate the length in bytes and the checksum of zMaster */
  for(nMaster=0; zMaster[nMaster]; nMaster++){
    cksum += zMaster[nMaster];
  }

................................................................................
    ** in fact there is none.  This results in a false-positive which will
    ** be dealt with by the playback routine.  Ticket #3883.
    */
    rc = sqlite3OsCheckReservedLock(pPager->fd, &locked);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && !locked ){
      Pgno nPage;                 /* Number of pages in database file */

      /* Check the size of the database file. If it consists of 0 pages,
      ** then delete the journal file. See the header comment above for 
      ** the reasoning here.  Delete the obsolete journal file under
      ** a RESERVED lock to avoid race conditions and to avoid violating
      ** [H33020].
      */
      rc = pagerPagecount(pPager, &nPage);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){








        if( nPage==0 ){
          sqlite3BeginBenignMalloc();
          if( pagerLockDb(pPager, RESERVED_LOCK)==SQLITE_OK ){
            sqlite3OsDelete(pVfs, pPager->zJournal, 0);
            if( !pPager->exclusiveMode ) pagerUnlockDb(pPager, SHARED_LOCK);
          }
          sqlite3EndBenignMalloc();
        }else{







|




<







 







<
<
<
<
<
<


>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
|







1620
1621
1622
1623
1624
1625
1626
1627
1628
1629
1630
1631

1632
1633
1634
1635
1636
1637
1638
....
4884
4885
4886
4887
4888
4889
4890






4891
4892
4893
4894
4895
4896
4897
4898
4899
4900
4901
4902
4903
4904
4905
4906
4907
4908
  u32 cksum = 0;                   /* Checksum of string zMaster */

  assert( pPager->setMaster==0 );
  assert( !pagerUseWal(pPager) );

  if( !zMaster 
   || pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_MEMORY 
   || !isOpen(pPager->jfd)
  ){
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  pPager->setMaster = 1;

  assert( pPager->journalHdr <= pPager->journalOff );

  /* Calculate the length in bytes and the checksum of zMaster */
  for(nMaster=0; zMaster[nMaster]; nMaster++){
    cksum += zMaster[nMaster];
  }

................................................................................
    ** in fact there is none.  This results in a false-positive which will
    ** be dealt with by the playback routine.  Ticket #3883.
    */
    rc = sqlite3OsCheckReservedLock(pPager->fd, &locked);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && !locked ){
      Pgno nPage;                 /* Number of pages in database file */







      rc = pagerPagecount(pPager, &nPage);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        /* If the database is zero pages in size, that means that either (1) the
        ** journal is a remnant from a prior database with the same name where
        ** the database file but not the journal was deleted, or (2) the initial
        ** transaction that populates a new database is being rolled back.
        ** In either case, the journal file can be deleted.  However, take care
        ** not to delete the journal file if it is already open due to
        ** journal_mode=PERSIST.
        */
        if( nPage==0 && !jrnlOpen ){
          sqlite3BeginBenignMalloc();
          if( pagerLockDb(pPager, RESERVED_LOCK)==SQLITE_OK ){
            sqlite3OsDelete(pVfs, pPager->zJournal, 0);
            if( !pPager->exclusiveMode ) pagerUnlockDb(pPager, SHARED_LOCK);
          }
          sqlite3EndBenignMalloc();
        }else{

Changes to src/parse.y.

1016
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1023
1024
1025
1026
1027
1028
1029
      **      expr1 NOT IN ()
      **
      ** simplify to constants 0 (false) and 1 (true), respectively,
      ** regardless of the value of expr1.
      */
      A.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_INTEGER, 0, 0, &sqlite3IntTokens[N]);
      sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, X.pExpr);



























    }else{
      A.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_IN, X.pExpr, 0, 0);
      if( A.pExpr ){
        A.pExpr->x.pList = Y;
        sqlite3ExprSetHeight(pParse, A.pExpr);
      }else{
        sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, Y);







>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
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>







1016
1017
1018
1019
1020
1021
1022
1023
1024
1025
1026
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1028
1029
1030
1031
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1035
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1038
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1044
1045
1046
1047
1048
1049
1050
1051
1052
1053
1054
1055
1056
      **      expr1 NOT IN ()
      **
      ** simplify to constants 0 (false) and 1 (true), respectively,
      ** regardless of the value of expr1.
      */
      A.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_INTEGER, 0, 0, &sqlite3IntTokens[N]);
      sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, X.pExpr);
    }else if( Y->nExpr==1 ){
      /* Expressions of the form:
      **
      **      expr1 IN (?1)
      **      expr1 NOT IN (?2)
      **
      ** with exactly one value on the RHS can be simplified to something
      ** like this:
      **
      **      expr1 == ?1
      **      expr1 <> ?2
      **
      ** But, the RHS of the == or <> is marked with the EP_Generic flag
      ** so that it may not contribute to the computation of comparison
      ** affinity or the collating sequence to use for comparison.  Otherwise,
      ** the semantics would be subtly different from IN or NOT IN.
      */
      Expr *pRHS = Y->a[0].pExpr;
      Y->a[0].pExpr = 0;
      sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, Y);
      /* pRHS cannot be NULL because a malloc error would have been detected
      ** before now and control would have never reached this point */
      if( ALWAYS(pRHS) ){
        pRHS->flags &= ~EP_Collate;
        pRHS->flags |= EP_Generic;
      }
      A.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, N ? TK_NE : TK_EQ, X.pExpr, pRHS, 0);
    }else{
      A.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_IN, X.pExpr, 0, 0);
      if( A.pExpr ){
        A.pExpr->x.pList = Y;
        sqlite3ExprSetHeight(pParse, A.pExpr);
      }else{
        sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, Y);

Changes to src/pragma.c.

820
821
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830
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834
....
1083
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1096
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....
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  ** Older versions of SQLite would set the default cache size to a
  ** negative number to indicate synchronous=OFF.  These days, synchronous
  ** is always on by default regardless of the sign of the default cache
  ** size.  But continue to take the absolute value of the default cache
  ** size of historical compatibility.
  */
  case PragTyp_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE: {
    static const int iLn = __LINE__+2;
    static const VdbeOpList getCacheSize[] = {
      { OP_Transaction, 0, 0,        0},                         /* 0 */
      { OP_ReadCookie,  0, 1,        BTREE_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE},  /* 1 */
      { OP_IfPos,       1, 8,        0},
      { OP_Integer,     0, 2,        0},
      { OP_Subtract,    1, 2,        1},
      { OP_IfPos,       1, 8,        0},
................................................................................
      rc = sqlite3BtreeSetAutoVacuum(pBt, eAuto);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK && (eAuto==1 || eAuto==2) ){
        /* When setting the auto_vacuum mode to either "full" or 
        ** "incremental", write the value of meta[6] in the database
        ** file. Before writing to meta[6], check that meta[3] indicates
        ** that this really is an auto-vacuum capable database.
        */
        static const int iLn = __LINE__+2;
        static const VdbeOpList setMeta6[] = {
          { OP_Transaction,    0,         1,                 0},    /* 0 */
          { OP_ReadCookie,     0,         1,         BTREE_LARGEST_ROOT_PAGE},
          { OP_If,             1,         0,                 0},    /* 2 */
          { OP_Halt,           SQLITE_OK, OE_Abort,          0},    /* 3 */
          { OP_Integer,        0,         1,                 0},    /* 4 */
          { OP_SetCookie,      0,         BTREE_INCR_VACUUM, 1},    /* 5 */
................................................................................
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 3, COLNAME_NAME, "height", SQLITE_STATIC);
    for(i=sqliteHashFirst(&pDb->pSchema->tblHash); i; i=sqliteHashNext(i)){
      Table *pTab = sqliteHashData(i);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 1, 0, pTab->zName, 0);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, 2);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer,
                           (int)sqlite3LogEstToInt(pTab->szTabRow), 3);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, (int)pTab->nRowEst, 4);

      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 4);
      for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 2, 0, pIdx->zName, 0);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer,
                             (int)sqlite3LogEstToInt(pIdx->szIdxRow), 3);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, (int)pIdx->aiRowEst[0], 4);

        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 4);
      }
    }
  }
  break;

  case PragTyp_INDEX_INFO: if( zRight ){
................................................................................
  case PragTyp_INTEGRITY_CHECK: {
    int i, j, addr, mxErr;

    /* Code that appears at the end of the integrity check.  If no error
    ** messages have been generated, output OK.  Otherwise output the
    ** error message
    */
    static const int iLn = __LINE__+2;
    static const VdbeOpList endCode[] = {
      { OP_AddImm,      1, 0,        0},    /* 0 */
      { OP_IfNeg,       1, 0,        0},    /* 1 */
      { OP_String8,     0, 3,        0},    /* 2 */
      { OP_ResultRow,   3, 1,        0},
    };

................................................................................
      /* Do the b-tree integrity checks */
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_IntegrityCk, 2, cnt, 1);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, (u8)i);
      addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IsNull, 2); VdbeCoverage(v);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 3, 0,
         sqlite3MPrintf(db, "*** in database %s ***\n", db->aDb[i].zName),
         P4_DYNAMIC);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Move, 2, 4);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Concat, 4, 3, 2);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 2, 1);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);

      /* Make sure all the indices are constructed correctly.
      */
      for(x=sqliteHashFirst(pTbls); x && !isQuick; x=sqliteHashNext(x)){
................................................................................
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 4, 0, pIdx->zName, P4_TRANSIENT);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Concat, 4, 3, 3);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 3, 1);
          jmp4 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfPos, 1); VdbeCoverage(v);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Halt);
          sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, jmp4);
          sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, jmp2);
          sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, jmp3);
        }
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iDataCur, loopTop); VdbeCoverage(v);
        sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, loopTop-1);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BTREECOUNT
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 2, 0, 
                     "wrong # of entries in index ", P4_STATIC);
        for(j=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, j++){







|







 







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>





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>







 







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|







820
821
822
823
824
825
826
827
828
829
830
831
832
833
834
....
1083
1084
1085
1086
1087
1088
1089
1090
1091
1092
1093
1094
1095
1096
1097
....
1484
1485
1486
1487
1488
1489
1490
1491
1492
1493
1494
1495
1496
1497
1498
1499
1500
1501
1502
1503
1504
1505
1506
....
1788
1789
1790
1791
1792
1793
1794
1795
1796
1797
1798
1799
1800
1801
1802
....
1873
1874
1875
1876
1877
1878
1879
1880
1881
1882
1883
1884
1885
1886
1887
....
1926
1927
1928
1929
1930
1931
1932
1933
1934
1935
1936
1937
1938
1939
1940
  ** Older versions of SQLite would set the default cache size to a
  ** negative number to indicate synchronous=OFF.  These days, synchronous
  ** is always on by default regardless of the sign of the default cache
  ** size.  But continue to take the absolute value of the default cache
  ** size of historical compatibility.
  */
  case PragTyp_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE: {
    static const int iLn = VDBE_OFFSET_LINENO(2);
    static const VdbeOpList getCacheSize[] = {
      { OP_Transaction, 0, 0,        0},                         /* 0 */
      { OP_ReadCookie,  0, 1,        BTREE_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE},  /* 1 */
      { OP_IfPos,       1, 8,        0},
      { OP_Integer,     0, 2,        0},
      { OP_Subtract,    1, 2,        1},
      { OP_IfPos,       1, 8,        0},
................................................................................
      rc = sqlite3BtreeSetAutoVacuum(pBt, eAuto);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK && (eAuto==1 || eAuto==2) ){
        /* When setting the auto_vacuum mode to either "full" or 
        ** "incremental", write the value of meta[6] in the database
        ** file. Before writing to meta[6], check that meta[3] indicates
        ** that this really is an auto-vacuum capable database.
        */
        static const int iLn = VDBE_OFFSET_LINENO(2);
        static const VdbeOpList setMeta6[] = {
          { OP_Transaction,    0,         1,                 0},    /* 0 */
          { OP_ReadCookie,     0,         1,         BTREE_LARGEST_ROOT_PAGE},
          { OP_If,             1,         0,                 0},    /* 2 */
          { OP_Halt,           SQLITE_OK, OE_Abort,          0},    /* 3 */
          { OP_Integer,        0,         1,                 0},    /* 4 */
          { OP_SetCookie,      0,         BTREE_INCR_VACUUM, 1},    /* 5 */
................................................................................
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 3, COLNAME_NAME, "height", SQLITE_STATIC);
    for(i=sqliteHashFirst(&pDb->pSchema->tblHash); i; i=sqliteHashNext(i)){
      Table *pTab = sqliteHashData(i);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 1, 0, pTab->zName, 0);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, 2);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer,
                           (int)sqlite3LogEstToInt(pTab->szTabRow), 3);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 
          (int)sqlite3LogEstToInt(pTab->nRowLogEst), 4);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 4);
      for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 2, 0, pIdx->zName, 0);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer,
                             (int)sqlite3LogEstToInt(pIdx->szIdxRow), 3);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 
            (int)sqlite3LogEstToInt(pIdx->aiRowLogEst[0]), 4);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 4);
      }
    }
  }
  break;

  case PragTyp_INDEX_INFO: if( zRight ){
................................................................................
  case PragTyp_INTEGRITY_CHECK: {
    int i, j, addr, mxErr;

    /* Code that appears at the end of the integrity check.  If no error
    ** messages have been generated, output OK.  Otherwise output the
    ** error message
    */
    static const int iLn = VDBE_OFFSET_LINENO(2);
    static const VdbeOpList endCode[] = {
      { OP_AddImm,      1, 0,        0},    /* 0 */
      { OP_IfNeg,       1, 0,        0},    /* 1 */
      { OP_String8,     0, 3,        0},    /* 2 */
      { OP_ResultRow,   3, 1,        0},
    };

................................................................................
      /* Do the b-tree integrity checks */
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_IntegrityCk, 2, cnt, 1);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, (u8)i);
      addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IsNull, 2); VdbeCoverage(v);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 3, 0,
         sqlite3MPrintf(db, "*** in database %s ***\n", db->aDb[i].zName),
         P4_DYNAMIC);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Move, 2, 4, 1);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Concat, 4, 3, 2);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 2, 1);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);

      /* Make sure all the indices are constructed correctly.
      */
      for(x=sqliteHashFirst(pTbls); x && !isQuick; x=sqliteHashNext(x)){
................................................................................
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 4, 0, pIdx->zName, P4_TRANSIENT);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Concat, 4, 3, 3);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 3, 1);
          jmp4 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfPos, 1); VdbeCoverage(v);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Halt);
          sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, jmp4);
          sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, jmp2);
          sqlite3ResolvePartIdxLabel(pParse, jmp3);
        }
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iDataCur, loopTop); VdbeCoverage(v);
        sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, loopTop-1);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BTREECOUNT
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 2, 0, 
                     "wrong # of entries in index ", P4_STATIC);
        for(j=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, j++){

Changes to src/printf.c.

130
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133
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754





755
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762

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799
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805
  d = digit;
  digit += '0';
  *val = (*val - d)*10.0;
  return (char)digit;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT */

/*
** Append N space characters to the given string buffer.
*/
void sqlite3AppendSpace(StrAccum *pAccum, int N){
  static const char zSpaces[] = "                             ";
  while( N>=(int)sizeof(zSpaces)-1 ){
    sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pAccum, zSpaces, sizeof(zSpaces)-1);
    N -= sizeof(zSpaces)-1;
  }
  if( N>0 ){
    sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pAccum, zSpaces, N);
  }
}

/*
** Set the StrAccum object to an error mode.
*/
static void setStrAccumError(StrAccum *p, u8 eError){
  p->accError = eError;
  p->nAlloc = 0;
}
................................................................................
    }
    useIntern = bFlags & SQLITE_PRINTF_INTERNAL;
  }else{
    bArgList = useIntern = 0;
  }
  for(; (c=(*fmt))!=0; ++fmt){
    if( c!='%' ){
      int amt;
      bufpt = (char *)fmt;
      amt = 1;
      while( (c=(*++fmt))!='%' && c!=0 ) amt++;
      sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pAccum, bufpt, amt);
      if( c==0 ) break;
    }
    if( (c=(*++fmt))==0 ){
      sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pAccum, "%", 1);
      break;
    }
    /* Find out what flags are present */
................................................................................
          if( x>=4 || (longvalue/10)%10==1 ){
            x = 0;
          }
          *(--bufpt) = zOrd[x*2+1];
          *(--bufpt) = zOrd[x*2];
        }
        {
          register const char *cset;      /* Use registers for speed */
          register int base;
          cset = &aDigits[infop->charset];
          base = infop->base;
          do{                                           /* Convert to ascii */
            *(--bufpt) = cset[longvalue%base];
            longvalue = longvalue/base;
          }while( longvalue>0 );
        }
        length = (int)(&zOut[nOut-1]-bufpt);
        for(idx=precision-length; idx>0; idx--){
................................................................................
      }
    }/* End switch over the format type */
    /*
    ** The text of the conversion is pointed to by "bufpt" and is
    ** "length" characters long.  The field width is "width".  Do
    ** the output.
    */
    if( !flag_leftjustify ){
      register int nspace;
      nspace = width-length;
      if( nspace>0 ){
        sqlite3AppendSpace(pAccum, nspace);
      }
    }
    if( length>0 ){
      sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pAccum, bufpt, length);
    }
    if( flag_leftjustify ){
      register int nspace;
      nspace = width-length;
      if( nspace>0 ){
        sqlite3AppendSpace(pAccum, nspace);
      }
    }
    if( zExtra ) sqlite3_free(zExtra);
  }/* End for loop over the format string */
} /* End of function */

/*
** Append N bytes of text from z to the StrAccum object.





*/
void sqlite3StrAccumAppend(StrAccum *p, const char *z, int N){
  assert( z!=0 );
  assert( p->zText!=0 || p->nChar==0 || p->accError );
  assert( N>=0 );
  assert( p->accError==0 || p->nAlloc==0 );
  if( p->nChar+N >= p->nAlloc ){

    char *zNew;

    if( p->accError ){
      testcase(p->accError==STRACCUM_TOOBIG);
      testcase(p->accError==STRACCUM_NOMEM);
      return;
    }
    if( !p->useMalloc ){
      N = p->nAlloc - p->nChar - 1;
      setStrAccumError(p, STRACCUM_TOOBIG);
      if( N<=0 ){
        return;
      }
    }else{
      char *zOld = (p->zText==p->zBase ? 0 : p->zText);
      i64 szNew = p->nChar;
      szNew += N + 1;
      if( szNew > p->mxAlloc ){
        sqlite3StrAccumReset(p);
        setStrAccumError(p, STRACCUM_TOOBIG);
        return;
      }else{
        p->nAlloc = (int)szNew;
      }
      if( p->useMalloc==1 ){
        zNew = sqlite3DbRealloc(p->db, zOld, p->nAlloc);
      }else{
        zNew = sqlite3_realloc(zOld, p->nAlloc);
      }
      if( zNew ){
        if( zOld==0 && p->nChar>0 ) memcpy(zNew, p->zText, p->nChar);
        p->zText = zNew;
      }else{
        sqlite3StrAccumReset(p);
        setStrAccumError(p, STRACCUM_NOMEM);
        return;
      }
    }







































  }
  assert( p->zText );
  memcpy(&p->zText[p->nChar], z, N);
  p->nChar += N;
}

/*







<
<
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<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<







 







<

<
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<
<
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<
<
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<
>
>
>
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>

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  d = digit;
  digit += '0';
  *val = (*val - d)*10.0;
  return (char)digit;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT */















/*
** Set the StrAccum object to an error mode.
*/
static void setStrAccumError(StrAccum *p, u8 eError){
  p->accError = eError;
  p->nAlloc = 0;
}
................................................................................
    }
    useIntern = bFlags & SQLITE_PRINTF_INTERNAL;
  }else{
    bArgList = useIntern = 0;
  }
  for(; (c=(*fmt))!=0; ++fmt){
    if( c!='%' ){

      bufpt = (char *)fmt;

      while( (c=(*++fmt))!='%' && c!=0 ){};
      sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pAccum, bufpt, (int)(fmt - bufpt));
      if( c==0 ) break;
    }
    if( (c=(*++fmt))==0 ){
      sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pAccum, "%", 1);
      break;
    }
    /* Find out what flags are present */
................................................................................
          if( x>=4 || (longvalue/10)%10==1 ){
            x = 0;
          }
          *(--bufpt) = zOrd[x*2+1];
          *(--bufpt) = zOrd[x*2];
        }
        {


          const char *cset = &aDigits[infop->charset];
          u8 base = infop->base;
          do{                                           /* Convert to ascii */
            *(--bufpt) = cset[longvalue%base];
            longvalue = longvalue/base;
          }while( longvalue>0 );
        }
        length = (int)(&zOut[nOut-1]-bufpt);
        for(idx=precision-length; idx>0; idx--){
................................................................................
      }
    }/* End switch over the format type */
    /*
    ** The text of the conversion is pointed to by "bufpt" and is
    ** "length" characters long.  The field width is "width".  Do
    ** the output.
    */


    width -= length;

    if( width>0 && !flag_leftjustify ) sqlite3AppendSpace(pAccum, width);



    sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pAccum, bufpt, length);





    if( width>0 && flag_leftjustify ) sqlite3AppendSpace(pAccum, width);


    if( zExtra ) sqlite3_free(zExtra);
  }/* End for loop over the format string */
} /* End of function */

/*

** Enlarge the memory allocation on a StrAccum object so that it is
** able to accept at least N more bytes of text.
**
** Return the number of bytes of text that StrAccum is able to accept
** after the attempted enlargement.  The value returned might be zero.
*/






static int sqlite3StrAccumEnlarge(StrAccum *p, int N){
  char *zNew;
  assert( p->nChar+N >= p->nAlloc ); /* Only called if really needed */
  if( p->accError ){
    testcase(p->accError==STRACCUM_TOOBIG);
    testcase(p->accError==STRACCUM_NOMEM);
    return 0;
  }
  if( !p->useMalloc ){
    N = p->nAlloc - p->nChar - 1;
    setStrAccumError(p, STRACCUM_TOOBIG);

    return N;

  }else{
    char *zOld = (p->zText==p->zBase ? 0 : p->zText);
    i64 szNew = p->nChar;
    szNew += N + 1;
    if( szNew > p->mxAlloc ){
      sqlite3StrAccumReset(p);
      setStrAccumError(p, STRACCUM_TOOBIG);
      return 0;
    }else{
      p->nAlloc = (int)szNew;
    }
    if( p->useMalloc==1 ){
      zNew = sqlite3DbRealloc(p->db, zOld, p->nAlloc);
    }else{
      zNew = sqlite3_realloc(zOld, p->nAlloc);
    }
    if( zNew ){
      if( zOld==0 && p->nChar>0 ) memcpy(zNew, p->zText, p->nChar);
      p->zText = zNew;
    }else{
      sqlite3StrAccumReset(p);
      setStrAccumError(p, STRACCUM_NOMEM);
      return 0;
    }
  }
  return N;
}

/*
** Append N space characters to the given string buffer.
*/
void sqlite3AppendSpace(StrAccum *p, int N){
  if( p->nChar+N >= p->nAlloc && (N = sqlite3StrAccumEnlarge(p, N))<=0 ) return;
  while( (N--)>0 ) p->zText[p->nChar++] = ' ';
}

/*
** The StrAccum "p" is not large enough to accept N new bytes of z[].
** So enlarge if first, then do the append.
**
** This is a helper routine to sqlite3StrAccumAppend() that does special-case
** work (enlarging the buffer) using tail recursion, so that the
** sqlite3StrAccumAppend() routine can use fast calling semantics.
*/
static void enlargeAndAppend(StrAccum *p, const char *z, int N){
  N = sqlite3StrAccumEnlarge(p, N);
  if( N>0 ){
    memcpy(&p->zText[p->nChar], z, N);
    p->nChar += N;
  }
}

/*
** Append N bytes of text from z to the StrAccum object.  Increase the
** size of the memory allocation for StrAccum if necessary.
*/
void sqlite3StrAccumAppend(StrAccum *p, const char *z, int N){
  assert( z!=0 );
  assert( p->zText!=0 || p->nChar==0 || p->accError );
  assert( N>=0 );
  assert( p->accError==0 || p->nAlloc==0 );
  if( p->nChar+N >= p->nAlloc ){
    enlargeAndAppend(p,z,N);
    return;
  }
  assert( p->zText );
  memcpy(&p->zText[p->nChar], z, N);
  p->nChar += N;
}

/*

Changes to src/resolve.c.

333
334
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336
337
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339


340
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342
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344
345
346
      assert( op==TK_DELETE || op==TK_UPDATE || op==TK_INSERT );
      if( op!=TK_DELETE && sqlite3StrICmp("new",zTab) == 0 ){
        pExpr->iTable = 1;
        pTab = pParse->pTriggerTab;
      }else if( op!=TK_INSERT && sqlite3StrICmp("old",zTab)==0 ){
        pExpr->iTable = 0;
        pTab = pParse->pTriggerTab;


      }

      if( pTab ){ 
        int iCol;
        pSchema = pTab->pSchema;
        cntTab++;
        for(iCol=0, pCol=pTab->aCol; iCol<pTab->nCol; iCol++, pCol++){







>
>







333
334
335
336
337
338
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341
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347
348
      assert( op==TK_DELETE || op==TK_UPDATE || op==TK_INSERT );
      if( op!=TK_DELETE && sqlite3StrICmp("new",zTab) == 0 ){
        pExpr->iTable = 1;
        pTab = pParse->pTriggerTab;
      }else if( op!=TK_INSERT && sqlite3StrICmp("old",zTab)==0 ){
        pExpr->iTable = 0;
        pTab = pParse->pTriggerTab;
      }else{
        pTab = 0;
      }

      if( pTab ){ 
        int iCol;
        pSchema = pTab->pSchema;
        cntTab++;
        for(iCol=0, pCol=pTab->aCol; iCol<pTab->nCol; iCol++, pCol++){

Changes to src/rowset.c.

108
109
110
111
112
113
114
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117
118
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121
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123
...
443
444
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  struct RowSetChunk *pChunk;    /* List of all chunk allocations */
  sqlite3 *db;                   /* The database connection */
  struct RowSetEntry *pEntry;    /* List of entries using pRight */
  struct RowSetEntry *pLast;     /* Last entry on the pEntry list */
  struct RowSetEntry *pFresh;    /* Source of new entry objects */
  struct RowSetEntry *pForest;   /* List of binary trees of entries */
  u16 nFresh;                    /* Number of objects on pFresh */
  u8 rsFlags;                    /* Various flags */
  u8 iBatch;                     /* Current insert batch */
};

/*
** Allowed values for RowSet.rsFlags
*/
#define ROWSET_SORTED  0x01   /* True if RowSet.pEntry is sorted */
#define ROWSET_NEXT    0x02   /* True if sqlite3RowSetNext() has been called */
................................................................................
** Check to see if element iRowid was inserted into the rowset as
** part of any insert batch prior to iBatch.  Return 1 or 0.
**
** If this is the first test of a new batch and if there exist entires
** on pRowSet->pEntry, then sort those entires into the forest at
** pRowSet->pForest so that they can be tested.
*/
int sqlite3RowSetTest(RowSet *pRowSet, u8 iBatch, sqlite3_int64 iRowid){
  struct RowSetEntry *p, *pTree;

  /* This routine is never called after sqlite3RowSetNext() */
  assert( pRowSet!=0 && (pRowSet->rsFlags & ROWSET_NEXT)==0 );

  /* Sort entries into the forest on the first test of a new batch 
  */







|
|







 







|







108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
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120
121
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123
...
443
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  struct RowSetChunk *pChunk;    /* List of all chunk allocations */
  sqlite3 *db;                   /* The database connection */
  struct RowSetEntry *pEntry;    /* List of entries using pRight */
  struct RowSetEntry *pLast;     /* Last entry on the pEntry list */
  struct RowSetEntry *pFresh;    /* Source of new entry objects */
  struct RowSetEntry *pForest;   /* List of binary trees of entries */
  u16 nFresh;                    /* Number of objects on pFresh */
  u16 rsFlags;                   /* Various flags */
  int iBatch;                    /* Current insert batch */
};

/*
** Allowed values for RowSet.rsFlags
*/
#define ROWSET_SORTED  0x01   /* True if RowSet.pEntry is sorted */
#define ROWSET_NEXT    0x02   /* True if sqlite3RowSetNext() has been called */
................................................................................
** Check to see if element iRowid was inserted into the rowset as
** part of any insert batch prior to iBatch.  Return 1 or 0.
**
** If this is the first test of a new batch and if there exist entires
** on pRowSet->pEntry, then sort those entires into the forest at
** pRowSet->pForest so that they can be tested.
*/
int sqlite3RowSetTest(RowSet *pRowSet, int iBatch, sqlite3_int64 iRowid){
  struct RowSetEntry *p, *pTree;

  /* This routine is never called after sqlite3RowSetNext() */
  assert( pRowSet!=0 && (pRowSet->rsFlags & ROWSET_NEXT)==0 );

  /* Sort entries into the forest on the first test of a new batch 
  */

Changes to src/select.c.

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....
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....
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....
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4941
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....
5022
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....
5154
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....
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5185
5186
5187
5188
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5190
5191
5192
5193
5194
5195
5196
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains C code routines that are called by the parser
** to handle SELECT statements in SQLite.
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"






























/*
** Delete all the content of a Select structure but do not deallocate
** the select structure itself.
*/
static void clearSelect(sqlite3 *db, Select *p){
  sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, p->pEList);
................................................................................
  pNew->selFlags = selFlags;
  pNew->op = TK_SELECT;
  pNew->pLimit = pLimit;
  pNew->pOffset = pOffset;
  assert( pOffset==0 || pLimit!=0 );
  pNew->addrOpenEphm[0] = -1;
  pNew->addrOpenEphm[1] = -1;
  pNew->addrOpenEphm[2] = -1;
  if( db->mallocFailed ) {
    clearSelect(db, pNew);
    if( pNew!=&standin ) sqlite3DbFree(db, pNew);
    pNew = 0;
  }else{
    assert( pNew->pSrc!=0 || pParse->nErr>0 );
  }
................................................................................
                     isOuter, &p->pWhere);
      }
    }
  }
  return 0;
}









/*
** Insert code into "v" that will push the record on the top of the
** stack into the sorter.
*/
static void pushOntoSorter(
  Parse *pParse,         /* Parser context */
  ExprList *pOrderBy,    /* The ORDER BY clause */
  Select *pSelect,       /* The whole SELECT statement */
  int regData            /* Register holding data to be sorted */
){
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
  int nExpr = pOrderBy->nExpr;
  int regBase = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, nExpr+2);
  int regRecord = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);


  int op;


  sqlite3ExprCacheClear(pParse);
  sqlite3ExprCodeExprList(pParse, pOrderBy, regBase, 0);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Sequence, pOrderBy->iECursor, regBase+nExpr);
  sqlite3ExprCodeMove(pParse, regData, regBase+nExpr+1, 1);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regBase, nExpr + 2, regRecord);
  if( pSelect->selFlags & SF_UseSorter ){































    op = OP_SorterInsert;
  }else{
    op = OP_IdxInsert;
  }
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, op, pOrderBy->iECursor, regRecord);
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regRecord);
  sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, regBase, nExpr+2);
  if( pSelect->iLimit ){
    int addr1, addr2;
    int iLimit;
    if( pSelect->iOffset ){
      iLimit = pSelect->iOffset+1;
    }else{
      iLimit = pSelect->iLimit;
    }
    addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfZero, iLimit); VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, iLimit, -1);
    addr2 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Goto);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Last, pOrderBy->iECursor);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Delete, pOrderBy->iECursor);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr2);
  }
}

/*
** Add code to implement the OFFSET
*/
static void codeOffset(
  Vdbe *v,          /* Generate code into this VM */
  int iOffset,      /* Register holding the offset counter */
  int iContinue     /* Jump here to skip the current record */
){
  if( iOffset>0 && iContinue!=0 ){
    int addr;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, iOffset, -1);
    addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfNeg, iOffset); VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, iContinue);
    VdbeComment((v, "skip OFFSET records"));
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);
  }
................................................................................
    return 1;
  }else{
    return 0;
  }
}
#endif

/*
** An instance of the following object is used to record information about
** how to process the DISTINCT keyword, to simplify passing that information
** into the selectInnerLoop() routine.
*/
typedef struct DistinctCtx DistinctCtx;
struct DistinctCtx {
  u8 isTnct;      /* True if the DISTINCT keyword is present */
  u8 eTnctType;   /* One of the WHERE_DISTINCT_* operators */
  int tabTnct;    /* Ephemeral table used for DISTINCT processing */
  int addrTnct;   /* Address of OP_OpenEphemeral opcode for tabTnct */
};

/*
** This routine generates the code for the inside of the inner loop
** of a SELECT.
**
** If srcTab is negative, then the pEList expressions
** are evaluated in order to get the data for this row.  If srcTab is
** zero or more, then data is pulled from srcTab and pEList is used only 
................................................................................
** to get number columns and the datatype for each column.
*/
static void selectInnerLoop(
  Parse *pParse,          /* The parser context */
  Select *p,              /* The complete select statement being coded */
  ExprList *pEList,       /* List of values being extracted */
  int srcTab,             /* Pull data from this table */
  ExprList *pOrderBy,     /* If not NULL, sort results using this key */
  DistinctCtx *pDistinct, /* If not NULL, info on how to process DISTINCT */
  SelectDest *pDest,      /* How to dispose of the results */
  int iContinue,          /* Jump here to continue with next row */
  int iBreak              /* Jump here to break out of the inner loop */
){
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
  int i;
................................................................................
  int eDest = pDest->eDest;   /* How to dispose of results */
  int iParm = pDest->iSDParm; /* First argument to disposal method */
  int nResultCol;             /* Number of result columns */

  assert( v );
  assert( pEList!=0 );
  hasDistinct = pDistinct ? pDistinct->eTnctType : WHERE_DISTINCT_NOOP;

  if( pOrderBy==0 && !hasDistinct ){

    codeOffset(v, p->iOffset, iContinue);
  }

  /* Pull the requested columns.
  */
  nResultCol = pEList->nExpr;

................................................................................
      VdbeComment((v, "%s", pEList->a[i].zName));
    }
  }else if( eDest!=SRT_Exists ){
    /* If the destination is an EXISTS(...) expression, the actual
    ** values returned by the SELECT are not required.
    */
    sqlite3ExprCodeExprList(pParse, pEList, regResult,
                            (eDest==SRT_Output)?SQLITE_ECEL_DUP:0);
  }

  /* If the DISTINCT keyword was present on the SELECT statement
  ** and this row has been seen before, then do not make this row
  ** part of the result.
  */
  if( hasDistinct ){
................................................................................

      default: {
        assert( pDistinct->eTnctType==WHERE_DISTINCT_UNORDERED );
        codeDistinct(pParse, pDistinct->tabTnct, iContinue, nResultCol, regResult);
        break;
      }
    }
    if( pOrderBy==0 ){
      codeOffset(v, p->iOffset, iContinue);
    }
  }

  switch( eDest ){
    /* In this mode, write each query result to the key of the temporary
    ** table iParm.
................................................................................
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_IdxDelete, iParm, regResult, nResultCol);
      break;
    }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT */

    /* Store the result as data using a unique key.
    */

    case SRT_DistTable:
    case SRT_Table:
    case SRT_EphemTab: {
      int r1 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
      testcase( eDest==SRT_Table );
      testcase( eDest==SRT_EphemTab );
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regResult, nResultCol, r1);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CTE
      if( eDest==SRT_DistTable ){
        /* If the destination is DistTable, then cursor (iParm+1) is open
        ** on an ephemeral index. If the current row is already present
        ** in the index, do not write it to the output. If not, add the
        ** current row to the index and proceed with writing it to the
        ** output table as well.  */
        int addr = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v) + 4;
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_Found, iParm+1, addr, r1, 0); VdbeCoverage(v);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxInsert, iParm+1, r1);
        assert( pOrderBy==0 );
      }
#endif
      if( pOrderBy ){
        pushOntoSorter(pParse, pOrderBy, p, r1);
      }else{
        int r2 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, iParm, r2);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, iParm, r1, r2);
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_APPEND);
        sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r2);
      }
................................................................................
    ** then there should be a single item on the stack.  Write this
    ** item into the set table with bogus data.
    */
    case SRT_Set: {
      assert( nResultCol==1 );
      pDest->affSdst =
                  sqlite3CompareAffinity(pEList->a[0].pExpr, pDest->affSdst);
      if( pOrderBy ){
        /* At first glance you would think we could optimize out the
        ** ORDER BY in this case since the order of entries in the set
        ** does not matter.  But there might be a LIMIT clause, in which
        ** case the order does matter */
        pushOntoSorter(pParse, pOrderBy, p, regResult);
      }else{
        int r1 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, regResult,1,r1, &pDest->affSdst, 1);
        sqlite3ExprCacheAffinityChange(pParse, regResult, 1);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxInsert, iParm, r1);
        sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r1);
      }
................................................................................

    /* If this is a scalar select that is part of an expression, then
    ** store the results in the appropriate memory cell and break out
    ** of the scan loop.
    */
    case SRT_Mem: {
      assert( nResultCol==1 );
      if( pOrderBy ){
        pushOntoSorter(pParse, pOrderBy, p, regResult);
      }else{
        sqlite3ExprCodeMove(pParse, regResult, iParm, 1);
        /* The LIMIT clause will jump out of the loop for us */
      }
      break;
    }
#endif /* #ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY */

    case SRT_Coroutine:       /* Send data to a co-routine */
    case SRT_Output: {        /* Return the results */
      testcase( eDest==SRT_Coroutine );
      testcase( eDest==SRT_Output );
      if( pOrderBy ){
        int r1 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regResult, nResultCol, r1);
        pushOntoSorter(pParse, pOrderBy, p, r1);
        sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r1);
      }else if( eDest==SRT_Coroutine ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Yield, pDest->iSDParm);
      }else{
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, regResult, nResultCol);
        sqlite3ExprCacheAffinityChange(pParse, regResult, nResultCol);
      }
................................................................................
#endif
  }

  /* Jump to the end of the loop if the LIMIT is reached.  Except, if
  ** there is a sorter, in which case the sorter has already limited
  ** the output for us.
  */
  if( pOrderBy==0 && p->iLimit ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_IfZero, p->iLimit, iBreak, -1); VdbeCoverage(v);
  }
}

/*
** Allocate a KeyInfo object sufficient for an index of N key columns and
** X extra columns.
................................................................................
** then the KeyInfo structure is appropriate for initializing a virtual
** index to implement a DISTINCT test.
**
** Space to hold the KeyInfo structure is obtain from malloc.  The calling
** function is responsible for seeing that this structure is eventually
** freed.
*/
static KeyInfo *keyInfoFromExprList(Parse *pParse, ExprList *pList, int nExtra){





  int nExpr;
  KeyInfo *pInfo;
  struct ExprList_item *pItem;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  int i;

  nExpr = pList->nExpr;
  pInfo = sqlite3KeyInfoAlloc(db, nExpr+nExtra, 1);
  if( pInfo ){
    assert( sqlite3KeyInfoIsWriteable(pInfo) );
    for(i=0, pItem=pList->a; i<nExpr; i++, pItem++){
      CollSeq *pColl;
      pColl = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pParse, pItem->pExpr);
      if( !pColl ) pColl = db->pDfltColl;
      pInfo->aColl[i] = pColl;
      pInfo->aSortOrder[i] = pItem->sortOrder;
    }
  }
  return pInfo;
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT
/*
................................................................................
** then the results were placed in a sorter.  After the loop is terminated
** we need to run the sorter and output the results.  The following
** routine generates the code needed to do that.
*/
static void generateSortTail(
  Parse *pParse,    /* Parsing context */
  Select *p,        /* The SELECT statement */
  Vdbe *v,          /* Generate code into this VDBE */
  int nColumn,      /* Number of columns of data */
  SelectDest *pDest /* Write the sorted results here */
){

  int addrBreak = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);     /* Jump here to exit loop */
  int addrContinue = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);  /* Jump here for next cycle */
  int addr;

  int iTab;
  int pseudoTab = 0;
  ExprList *pOrderBy = p->pOrderBy;

  int eDest = pDest->eDest;
  int iParm = pDest->iSDParm;

  int regRow;
  int regRowid;








  iTab = pOrderBy->iECursor;
  regRow = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
  if( eDest==SRT_Output || eDest==SRT_Coroutine ){
    pseudoTab = pParse->nTab++;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenPseudo, pseudoTab, regRow, nColumn);
    regRowid = 0;
  }else{
    regRowid = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
  }
  if( p->selFlags & SF_UseSorter ){

    int regSortOut = ++pParse->nMem;
    int ptab2 = pParse->nTab++;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenPseudo, ptab2, regSortOut, pOrderBy->nExpr+2);

    addr = 1 + sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SorterSort, iTab, addrBreak);
    VdbeCoverage(v);
    codeOffset(v, p->iOffset, addrContinue);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SorterData, iTab, regSortOut);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, ptab2, pOrderBy->nExpr+1, regRow);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_CLEARCACHE);
  }else{

    addr = 1 + sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Sort, iTab, addrBreak); VdbeCoverage(v);
    codeOffset(v, p->iOffset, addrContinue);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iTab, pOrderBy->nExpr+1, regRow);
  }
  switch( eDest ){
    case SRT_Table:
    case SRT_EphemTab: {
      testcase( eDest==SRT_Table );
      testcase( eDest==SRT_EphemTab );
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, iParm, regRowid);
................................................................................
  }
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regRow);
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regRowid);

  /* The bottom of the loop
  */
  sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrContinue);
  if( p->selFlags & SF_UseSorter ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SorterNext, iTab, addr); VdbeCoverage(v);
  }else{
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iTab, addr); VdbeCoverage(v);
  }

  sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrBreak);
  if( eDest==SRT_Output || eDest==SRT_Coroutine ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, pseudoTab, 0);
  }
}

/*
................................................................................
    */
    nName = sqlite3Strlen30(zName);
    for(j=cnt=0; j<i; j++){
      if( sqlite3StrICmp(aCol[j].zName, zName)==0 ){
        char *zNewName;
        int k;
        for(k=nName-1; k>1 && sqlite3Isdigit(zName[k]); k--){}
        if( zName[k]==':' ) nName = k;
        zName[nName] = 0;
        zNewName = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%s:%d", zName, ++cnt);
        sqlite3DbFree(db, zName);
        zName = zNewName;
        j = -1;
        if( zName==0 ) break;
      }
................................................................................
    return 0;
  }
  /* The sqlite3ResultSetOfSelect() is only used n contexts where lookaside
  ** is disabled */
  assert( db->lookaside.bEnabled==0 );
  pTab->nRef = 1;
  pTab->zName = 0;
  pTab->nRowEst = 1048576;
  selectColumnsFromExprList(pParse, pSelect->pEList, &pTab->nCol, &pTab->aCol);
  selectAddColumnTypeAndCollation(pParse, pTab, pSelect);
  pTab->iPKey = -1;
  if( db->mallocFailed ){
    sqlite3DeleteTable(db, pTab);
    return 0;
  }
................................................................................
  Select *pSetup = p->pPrior;   /* The setup query */
  int addrTop;                  /* Top of the loop */
  int addrCont, addrBreak;      /* CONTINUE and BREAK addresses */
  int iCurrent = 0;             /* The Current table */
  int regCurrent;               /* Register holding Current table */
  int iQueue;                   /* The Queue table */
  int iDistinct = 0;            /* To ensure unique results if UNION */
  int eDest = SRT_Table;        /* How to write to Queue */
  SelectDest destQueue;         /* SelectDest targetting the Queue table */
  int i;                        /* Loop counter */
  int rc;                       /* Result code */
  ExprList *pOrderBy;           /* The ORDER BY clause */
  Expr *pLimit, *pOffset;       /* Saved LIMIT and OFFSET */
  int regLimit, regOffset;      /* Registers used by LIMIT and OFFSET */

................................................................................
      iCurrent = pSrc->a[i].iCursor;
      break;
    }
  }

  /* Allocate cursors numbers for Queue and Distinct.  The cursor number for
  ** the Distinct table must be exactly one greater than Queue in order
  ** for the SRT_DistTable and SRT_DistQueue destinations to work. */
  iQueue = pParse->nTab++;
  if( p->op==TK_UNION ){
    eDest = pOrderBy ? SRT_DistQueue : SRT_DistTable;
    iDistinct = pParse->nTab++;
  }else{
    eDest = pOrderBy ? SRT_Queue : SRT_Table;
  }
  sqlite3SelectDestInit(&destQueue, eDest, iQueue);

  /* Allocate cursors for Current, Queue, and Distinct. */
  regCurrent = ++pParse->nMem;
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenPseudo, iCurrent, regCurrent, nCol);
  if( pOrderBy ){
................................................................................
  p->pPrior = pSetup;

  /* Keep running the loop until the Queue is empty */
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, addrTop);
  sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrBreak);

end_of_recursive_query:

  p->pOrderBy = pOrderBy;
  p->pLimit = pLimit;
  p->pOffset = pOffset;
  return;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_CTE */

................................................................................

    assert( pFrom->pTab==0 );
    pFrom->pTab = pTab = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(Table));
    if( pTab==0 ) return WRC_Abort;
    pTab->nRef = 1;
    pTab->zName = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pCte->zName);
    pTab->iPKey = -1;
    pTab->nRowEst = 1048576;
    pTab->tabFlags |= TF_Ephemeral;
    pFrom->pSelect = sqlite3SelectDup(db, pCte->pSelect, 0);
    if( db->mallocFailed ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    assert( pFrom->pSelect );

    /* Check if this is a recursive CTE. */
    pSel = pFrom->pSelect;
................................................................................
      pFrom->pTab = pTab = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(Table));
      if( pTab==0 ) return WRC_Abort;
      pTab->nRef = 1;
      pTab->zName = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "sqlite_sq_%p", (void*)pTab);
      while( pSel->pPrior ){ pSel = pSel->pPrior; }
      selectColumnsFromExprList(pParse, pSel->pEList, &pTab->nCol, &pTab->aCol);
      pTab->iPKey = -1;
      pTab->nRowEst = 1048576;
      pTab->tabFlags |= TF_Ephemeral;
#endif
    }else{
      /* An ordinary table or view name in the FROM clause */
      assert( pFrom->pTab==0 );
      pFrom->pTab = pTab = sqlite3LocateTableItem(pParse, 0, pFrom);
      if( pTab==0 ) return WRC_Abort;
................................................................................
      Expr *pE = pFunc->pExpr;
      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pE, EP_xIsSelect) );
      if( pE->x.pList==0 || pE->x.pList->nExpr!=1 ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "DISTINCT aggregates must have exactly one "
           "argument");
        pFunc->iDistinct = -1;
      }else{
        KeyInfo *pKeyInfo = keyInfoFromExprList(pParse, pE->x.pList, 0);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_OpenEphemeral, pFunc->iDistinct, 0, 0,
                          (char*)pKeyInfo, P4_KEYINFO);
      }
    }
  }
}

................................................................................
  int i, j;              /* Loop counters */
  WhereInfo *pWInfo;     /* Return from sqlite3WhereBegin() */
  Vdbe *v;               /* The virtual machine under construction */
  int isAgg;             /* True for select lists like "count(*)" */
  ExprList *pEList;      /* List of columns to extract. */
  SrcList *pTabList;     /* List of tables to select from */
  Expr *pWhere;          /* The WHERE clause.  May be NULL */
  ExprList *pOrderBy;    /* The ORDER BY clause.  May be NULL */
  ExprList *pGroupBy;    /* The GROUP BY clause.  May be NULL */
  Expr *pHaving;         /* The HAVING clause.  May be NULL */
  int rc = 1;            /* Value to return from this function */
  int addrSortIndex;     /* Address of an OP_OpenEphemeral instruction */
  DistinctCtx sDistinct; /* Info on how to code the DISTINCT keyword */

  AggInfo sAggInfo;      /* Information used by aggregate queries */
  int iEnd;              /* Address of the end of the query */
  sqlite3 *db;           /* The database connection */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
  int iRestoreSelectId = pParse->iSelectId;
  pParse->iSelectId = pParse->iNextSelectId++;
................................................................................
  db = pParse->db;
  if( p==0 || db->mallocFailed || pParse->nErr ){
    return 1;
  }
  if( sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_SELECT, 0, 0, 0) ) return 1;
  memset(&sAggInfo, 0, sizeof(sAggInfo));





  if( IgnorableOrderby(pDest) ){
    assert(pDest->eDest==SRT_Exists || pDest->eDest==SRT_Union || 
           pDest->eDest==SRT_Except || pDest->eDest==SRT_Discard);


    /* If ORDER BY makes no difference in the output then neither does
    ** DISTINCT so it can be removed too. */
    sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, p->pOrderBy);
    p->pOrderBy = 0;
    p->selFlags &= ~SF_Distinct;
  }
  sqlite3SelectPrep(pParse, p, 0);

  pOrderBy = p->pOrderBy;
  pTabList = p->pSrc;
  pEList = p->pEList;
  if( pParse->nErr || db->mallocFailed ){
    goto select_end;
  }
  isAgg = (p->selFlags & SF_Aggregate)!=0;
  assert( pEList!=0 );
................................................................................
      pItem->regReturn = ++pParse->nMem;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_InitCoroutine, pItem->regReturn, 0, addrTop);
      VdbeComment((v, "%s", pItem->pTab->zName));
      pItem->addrFillSub = addrTop;
      sqlite3SelectDestInit(&dest, SRT_Coroutine, pItem->regReturn);
      explainSetInteger(pItem->iSelectId, (u8)pParse->iNextSelectId);
      sqlite3Select(pParse, pSub, &dest);
      pItem->pTab->nRowEst = (unsigned)pSub->nSelectRow;
      pItem->viaCoroutine = 1;
      pItem->regResult = dest.iSdst;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_EndCoroutine, pItem->regReturn);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrTop-1);
      sqlite3ClearTempRegCache(pParse);
    }else{
      /* Generate a subroutine that will fill an ephemeral table with
................................................................................
        VdbeComment((v, "materialize \"%s\"", pItem->pTab->zName));
      }else{
        VdbeNoopComment((v, "materialize \"%s\"", pItem->pTab->zName));
      }
      sqlite3SelectDestInit(&dest, SRT_EphemTab, pItem->iCursor);
      explainSetInteger(pItem->iSelectId, (u8)pParse->iNextSelectId);
      sqlite3Select(pParse, pSub, &dest);
      pItem->pTab->nRowEst = (unsigned)pSub->nSelectRow;
      if( onceAddr ) sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, onceAddr);
      retAddr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Return, pItem->regReturn);
      VdbeComment((v, "end %s", pItem->pTab->zName));
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, topAddr, retAddr);
      sqlite3ClearTempRegCache(pParse);
    }
    if( /*pParse->nErr ||*/ db->mallocFailed ){
      goto select_end;
    }
    pParse->nHeight -= sqlite3SelectExprHeight(p);
    pTabList = p->pSrc;
    if( !IgnorableOrderby(pDest) ){
      pOrderBy = p->pOrderBy;
    }
  }
  pEList = p->pEList;
#endif
  pWhere = p->pWhere;
  pGroupBy = p->pGroupBy;
  pHaving = p->pHaving;
................................................................................
  if( p->pPrior ){
    rc = multiSelect(pParse, p, pDest);
    explainSetInteger(pParse->iSelectId, iRestoreSelectId);
    return rc;
  }
#endif

  /* If there is both a GROUP BY and an ORDER BY clause and they are
  ** identical, then disable the ORDER BY clause since the GROUP BY
  ** will cause elements to come out in the correct order.  This is
  ** an optimization - the correct answer should result regardless.
  ** Use the SQLITE_GroupByOrder flag with SQLITE_TESTCTRL_OPTIMIZER
  ** to disable this optimization for testing purposes.
  */
  if( sqlite3ExprListCompare(p->pGroupBy, pOrderBy, -1)==0
         && OptimizationEnabled(db, SQLITE_GroupByOrder) ){
    pOrderBy = 0;
  }

  /* If the query is DISTINCT with an ORDER BY but is not an aggregate, and 
  ** if the select-list is the same as the ORDER BY list, then this query
  ** can be rewritten as a GROUP BY. In other words, this:
  **
  **     SELECT DISTINCT xyz FROM ... ORDER BY xyz
  **
  ** is transformed to:
................................................................................
  **
  ** The second form is preferred as a single index (or temp-table) may be 
  ** used for both the ORDER BY and DISTINCT processing. As originally 
  ** written the query must use a temp-table for at least one of the ORDER 
  ** BY and DISTINCT, and an index or separate temp-table for the other.
  */
  if( (p->selFlags & (SF_Distinct|SF_Aggregate))==SF_Distinct 
   && sqlite3ExprListCompare(pOrderBy, p->pEList, -1)==0
  ){
    p->selFlags &= ~SF_Distinct;
    p->pGroupBy = sqlite3ExprListDup(db, p->pEList, 0);
    pGroupBy = p->pGroupBy;
    pOrderBy = 0;
    /* Notice that even thought SF_Distinct has been cleared from p->selFlags,
    ** the sDistinct.isTnct is still set.  Hence, isTnct represents the
    ** original setting of the SF_Distinct flag, not the current setting */
    assert( sDistinct.isTnct );
  }

  /* If there is an ORDER BY clause, then this sorting
  ** index might end up being unused if the data can be 
  ** extracted in pre-sorted order.  If that is the case, then the
  ** OP_OpenEphemeral instruction will be changed to an OP_Noop once
  ** we figure out that the sorting index is not needed.  The addrSortIndex
  ** variable is used to facilitate that change.
  */
  if( pOrderBy ){
    KeyInfo *pKeyInfo;
    pKeyInfo = keyInfoFromExprList(pParse, pOrderBy, 0);
    pOrderBy->iECursor = pParse->nTab++;
    p->addrOpenEphm[2] = addrSortIndex =
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_OpenEphemeral,
                           pOrderBy->iECursor, pOrderBy->nExpr+2, 0,
                           (char*)pKeyInfo, P4_KEYINFO);
  }else{
    addrSortIndex = -1;
  }

  /* If the output is destined for a temporary table, open that table.
  */
  if( pDest->eDest==SRT_EphemTab ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_OpenEphemeral, pDest->iSDParm, pEList->nExpr);
  }

  /* Set the limiter.
  */
  iEnd = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
  p->nSelectRow = LARGEST_INT64;
  computeLimitRegisters(pParse, p, iEnd);
  if( p->iLimit==0 && addrSortIndex>=0 ){
    sqlite3VdbeGetOp(v, addrSortIndex)->opcode = OP_SorterOpen;
    p->selFlags |= SF_UseSorter;
  }

  /* Open a virtual index to use for the distinct set.
  */
  if( p->selFlags & SF_Distinct ){
    sDistinct.tabTnct = pParse->nTab++;
    sDistinct.addrTnct = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_OpenEphemeral,
                                sDistinct.tabTnct, 0, 0,
                                (char*)keyInfoFromExprList(pParse, p->pEList, 0),
                                P4_KEYINFO);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, BTREE_UNORDERED);
    sDistinct.eTnctType = WHERE_DISTINCT_UNORDERED;
  }else{
    sDistinct.eTnctType = WHERE_DISTINCT_NOOP;
  }

  if( !isAgg && pGroupBy==0 ){
    /* No aggregate functions and no GROUP BY clause */
    u16 wctrlFlags = (sDistinct.isTnct ? WHERE_WANT_DISTINCT : 0);

    /* Begin the database scan. */
    pWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(pParse, pTabList, pWhere, pOrderBy, p->pEList,
                               wctrlFlags, 0);
    if( pWInfo==0 ) goto select_end;
    if( sqlite3WhereOutputRowCount(pWInfo) < p->nSelectRow ){
      p->nSelectRow = sqlite3WhereOutputRowCount(pWInfo);
    }
    if( sDistinct.isTnct && sqlite3WhereIsDistinct(pWInfo) ){
      sDistinct.eTnctType = sqlite3WhereIsDistinct(pWInfo);
    }

    if( pOrderBy && sqlite3WhereIsOrdered(pWInfo) ) pOrderBy = 0;





    /* If sorting index that was created by a prior OP_OpenEphemeral 
    ** instruction ended up not being needed, then change the OP_OpenEphemeral
    ** into an OP_Noop.
    */
    if( addrSortIndex>=0 && pOrderBy==0 ){
      sqlite3VdbeChangeToNoop(v, addrSortIndex);
      p->addrOpenEphm[2] = -1;
    }

    /* Use the standard inner loop. */
    selectInnerLoop(pParse, p, pEList, -1, pOrderBy, &sDistinct, pDest,
                    sqlite3WhereContinueLabel(pWInfo),
                    sqlite3WhereBreakLabel(pWInfo));

    /* End the database scan loop.
    */
    sqlite3WhereEnd(pWInfo);
  }else{
................................................................................
                        ** one row of the input to the aggregator has been
                        ** processed */
    int iAbortFlag;     /* Mem address which causes query abort if positive */
    int groupBySort;    /* Rows come from source in GROUP BY order */
    int addrEnd;        /* End of processing for this SELECT */
    int sortPTab = 0;   /* Pseudotable used to decode sorting results */
    int sortOut = 0;    /* Output register from the sorter */


    /* Remove any and all aliases between the result set and the
    ** GROUP BY clause.
    */
    if( pGroupBy ){
      int k;                        /* Loop counter */
      struct ExprList_item *pItem;  /* For looping over expression in a list */
................................................................................
        pItem->u.x.iAlias = 0;
      }
      if( p->nSelectRow>100 ) p->nSelectRow = 100;
    }else{
      p->nSelectRow = 1;
    }













 
    /* Create a label to jump to when we want to abort the query */
    addrEnd = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);

    /* Convert TK_COLUMN nodes into TK_AGG_COLUMN and make entries in
    ** sAggInfo for all TK_AGG_FUNCTION nodes in expressions of the
    ** SELECT statement.
................................................................................
    sNC.pParse = pParse;
    sNC.pSrcList = pTabList;
    sNC.pAggInfo = &sAggInfo;
    sAggInfo.mnReg = pParse->nMem+1;
    sAggInfo.nSortingColumn = pGroupBy ? pGroupBy->nExpr+1 : 0;
    sAggInfo.pGroupBy = pGroupBy;
    sqlite3ExprAnalyzeAggList(&sNC, pEList);
    sqlite3ExprAnalyzeAggList(&sNC, pOrderBy);
    if( pHaving ){
      sqlite3ExprAnalyzeAggregates(&sNC, pHaving);
    }
    sAggInfo.nAccumulator = sAggInfo.nColumn;
    for(i=0; i<sAggInfo.nFunc; i++){
      assert( !ExprHasProperty(sAggInfo.aFunc[i].pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) );
      sNC.ncFlags |= NC_InAggFunc;
................................................................................

      /* If there is a GROUP BY clause we might need a sorting index to
      ** implement it.  Allocate that sorting index now.  If it turns out
      ** that we do not need it after all, the OP_SorterOpen instruction
      ** will be converted into a Noop.  
      */
      sAggInfo.sortingIdx = pParse->nTab++;
      pKeyInfo = keyInfoFromExprList(pParse, pGroupBy, 0);
      addrSortingIdx = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_SorterOpen, 
          sAggInfo.sortingIdx, sAggInfo.nSortingColumn, 
          0, (char*)pKeyInfo, P4_KEYINFO);

      /* Initialize memory locations used by GROUP BY aggregate processing
      */
      iUseFlag = ++pParse->nMem;
................................................................................

      /* Begin a loop that will extract all source rows in GROUP BY order.
      ** This might involve two separate loops with an OP_Sort in between, or
      ** it might be a single loop that uses an index to extract information
      ** in the right order to begin with.
      */
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Gosub, regReset, addrReset);
      pWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(pParse, pTabList, pWhere, pGroupBy, 0, 
                                 WHERE_GROUPBY, 0);

      if( pWInfo==0 ) goto select_end;
      if( sqlite3WhereIsOrdered(pWInfo) ){
        /* The optimizer is able to deliver rows in group by order so
        ** we do not have to sort.  The OP_OpenEphemeral table will be
        ** cancelled later because we still need to use the pKeyInfo
        */
        groupBySort = 0;
      }else{
        /* Rows are coming out in undetermined order.  We have to push
................................................................................
        sAggInfo.sortingIdxPTab = sortPTab = pParse->nTab++;
        sortOut = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenPseudo, sortPTab, sortOut, nCol);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SorterSort, sAggInfo.sortingIdx, addrEnd);
        VdbeComment((v, "GROUP BY sort")); VdbeCoverage(v);
        sAggInfo.useSortingIdx = 1;
        sqlite3ExprCacheClear(pParse);















      }

      /* Evaluate the current GROUP BY terms and store in b0, b1, b2...
      ** (b0 is memory location iBMem+0, b1 is iBMem+1, and so forth)
      ** Then compare the current GROUP BY terms against the GROUP BY terms
      ** from the previous row currently stored in a0, a1, a2...
      */
................................................................................
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrOutputRow);
      addrOutputRow = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IfPos, iUseFlag, addrOutputRow+2); VdbeCoverage(v);
      VdbeComment((v, "Groupby result generator entry point"));
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Return, regOutputRow);
      finalizeAggFunctions(pParse, &sAggInfo);
      sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, pHaving, addrOutputRow+1, SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
      selectInnerLoop(pParse, p, p->pEList, -1, pOrderBy,
                      &sDistinct, pDest,
                      addrOutputRow+1, addrSetAbort);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Return, regOutputRow);
      VdbeComment((v, "end groupby result generator"));

      /* Generate a subroutine that will reset the group-by accumulator
      */
................................................................................
        pWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(pParse, pTabList, pWhere, pMinMax,0,flag,0);
        if( pWInfo==0 ){
          sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, pDel);
          goto select_end;
        }
        updateAccumulator(pParse, &sAggInfo);
        assert( pMinMax==0 || pMinMax->nExpr==1 );
        if( sqlite3WhereIsOrdered(pWInfo) ){
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, sqlite3WhereBreakLabel(pWInfo));
          VdbeComment((v, "%s() by index",
                (flag==WHERE_ORDERBY_MIN?"min":"max")));
        }
        sqlite3WhereEnd(pWInfo);
        finalizeAggFunctions(pParse, &sAggInfo);
      }

      pOrderBy = 0;
      sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, pHaving, addrEnd, SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
      selectInnerLoop(pParse, p, p->pEList, -1, 0, 0, 
                      pDest, addrEnd, addrEnd);
      sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, pDel);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrEnd);
    
................................................................................
  if( sDistinct.eTnctType==WHERE_DISTINCT_UNORDERED ){
    explainTempTable(pParse, "DISTINCT");
  }

  /* If there is an ORDER BY clause, then we need to sort the results
  ** and send them to the callback one by one.
  */
  if( pOrderBy ){
    explainTempTable(pParse, "ORDER BY");
    generateSortTail(pParse, p, v, pEList->nExpr, pDest);
  }

  /* Jump here to skip this query
  */
  sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iEnd);

  /* The SELECT was successfully coded.   Set the return code to 0







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**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains C code routines that are called by the parser
** to handle SELECT statements in SQLite.
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"

/*
** An instance of the following object is used to record information about
** how to process the DISTINCT keyword, to simplify passing that information
** into the selectInnerLoop() routine.
*/
typedef struct DistinctCtx DistinctCtx;
struct DistinctCtx {
  u8 isTnct;      /* True if the DISTINCT keyword is present */
  u8 eTnctType;   /* One of the WHERE_DISTINCT_* operators */
  int tabTnct;    /* Ephemeral table used for DISTINCT processing */
  int addrTnct;   /* Address of OP_OpenEphemeral opcode for tabTnct */
};

/*
** An instance of the following object is used to record information about
** the ORDER BY (or GROUP BY) clause of query is being coded.
*/
typedef struct SortCtx SortCtx;
struct SortCtx {
  ExprList *pOrderBy;   /* The ORDER BY (or GROUP BY clause) */
  int nOBSat;           /* Number of ORDER BY terms satisfied by indices */
  int iECursor;         /* Cursor number for the sorter */
  int regReturn;        /* Register holding block-output return address */
  int labelBkOut;       /* Start label for the block-output subroutine */
  int addrSortIndex;    /* Address of the OP_SorterOpen or OP_OpenEphemeral */
  u8 sortFlags;         /* Zero or more SORTFLAG_* bits */
};
#define SORTFLAG_UseSorter  0x01   /* Use SorterOpen instead of OpenEphemeral */

/*
** Delete all the content of a Select structure but do not deallocate
** the select structure itself.
*/
static void clearSelect(sqlite3 *db, Select *p){
  sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, p->pEList);
................................................................................
  pNew->selFlags = selFlags;
  pNew->op = TK_SELECT;
  pNew->pLimit = pLimit;
  pNew->pOffset = pOffset;
  assert( pOffset==0 || pLimit!=0 );
  pNew->addrOpenEphm[0] = -1;
  pNew->addrOpenEphm[1] = -1;

  if( db->mallocFailed ) {
    clearSelect(db, pNew);
    if( pNew!=&standin ) sqlite3DbFree(db, pNew);
    pNew = 0;
  }else{
    assert( pNew->pSrc!=0 || pParse->nErr>0 );
  }
................................................................................
                     isOuter, &p->pWhere);
      }
    }
  }
  return 0;
}

/* Forward reference */
static KeyInfo *keyInfoFromExprList(
  Parse *pParse,       /* Parsing context */
  ExprList *pList,     /* Form the KeyInfo object from this ExprList */
  int iStart,          /* Begin with this column of pList */
  int nExtra           /* Add this many extra columns to the end */
);

/*
** Insert code into "v" that will push the record in register regData
** into the sorter.
*/
static void pushOntoSorter(
  Parse *pParse,         /* Parser context */
  SortCtx *pSort,        /* Information about the ORDER BY clause */
  Select *pSelect,       /* The whole SELECT statement */
  int regData            /* Register holding data to be sorted */
){
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
  int nExpr = pSort->pOrderBy->nExpr;

  int regRecord = ++pParse->nMem;
  int regBase = pParse->nMem+1;
  int nOBSat = pSort->nOBSat;
  int op;

  pParse->nMem += nExpr+2;        /* nExpr+2 registers allocated at regBase */
  sqlite3ExprCacheClear(pParse);
  sqlite3ExprCodeExprList(pParse, pSort->pOrderBy, regBase, 0);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Sequence, pSort->iECursor, regBase+nExpr);
  sqlite3ExprCodeMove(pParse, regData, regBase+nExpr+1, 1);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regBase+nOBSat, nExpr+2-nOBSat,regRecord);

  if( nOBSat>0 ){
    int regPrevKey;   /* The first nOBSat columns of the previous row */
    int addrFirst;    /* Address of the OP_IfNot opcode */
    int addrJmp;      /* Address of the OP_Jump opcode */
    VdbeOp *pOp;      /* Opcode that opens the sorter */
    int nKey;         /* Number of sorting key columns, including OP_Sequence */
    KeyInfo *pKI;     /* Original KeyInfo on the sorter table */

    regPrevKey = pParse->nMem+1;
    pParse->nMem += pSort->nOBSat;
    nKey = nExpr - pSort->nOBSat + 1;
    addrFirst = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfNot, regBase+nExpr); VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Compare, regPrevKey, regBase, pSort->nOBSat);
    pOp = sqlite3VdbeGetOp(v, pSort->addrSortIndex);
    if( pParse->db->mallocFailed ) return;
    pOp->p2 = nKey + 1;
    pKI = pOp->p4.pKeyInfo;
    memset(pKI->aSortOrder, 0, pKI->nField); /* Makes OP_Jump below testable */
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char*)pKI, P4_KEYINFO);
    pOp->p4.pKeyInfo = keyInfoFromExprList(pParse, pSort->pOrderBy, nOBSat, 1);
    addrJmp = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Jump, addrJmp+1, 0, addrJmp+1); VdbeCoverage(v);
    pSort->labelBkOut = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
    pSort->regReturn = ++pParse->nMem;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Gosub, pSort->regReturn, pSort->labelBkOut);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_ResetSorter, pSort->iECursor);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrFirst);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Move, regBase, regPrevKey, pSort->nOBSat);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrJmp);
  }
  if( pSort->sortFlags & SORTFLAG_UseSorter ){
    op = OP_SorterInsert;
  }else{
    op = OP_IdxInsert;
  }
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, op, pSort->iECursor, regRecord);


  if( pSelect->iLimit ){
    int addr1, addr2;
    int iLimit;
    if( pSelect->iOffset ){
      iLimit = pSelect->iOffset+1;
    }else{
      iLimit = pSelect->iLimit;
    }
    addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfZero, iLimit); VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, iLimit, -1);
    addr2 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Goto);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Last, pSort->iECursor);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Delete, pSort->iECursor);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr2);
  }
}

/*
** Add code to implement the OFFSET
*/
static void codeOffset(
  Vdbe *v,          /* Generate code into this VM */
  int iOffset,      /* Register holding the offset counter */
  int iContinue     /* Jump here to skip the current record */
){
  if( iOffset>0 ){
    int addr;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, iOffset, -1);
    addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfNeg, iOffset); VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, iContinue);
    VdbeComment((v, "skip OFFSET records"));
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);
  }
................................................................................
    return 1;
  }else{
    return 0;
  }
}
#endif














/*
** This routine generates the code for the inside of the inner loop
** of a SELECT.
**
** If srcTab is negative, then the pEList expressions
** are evaluated in order to get the data for this row.  If srcTab is
** zero or more, then data is pulled from srcTab and pEList is used only 
................................................................................
** to get number columns and the datatype for each column.
*/
static void selectInnerLoop(
  Parse *pParse,          /* The parser context */
  Select *p,              /* The complete select statement being coded */
  ExprList *pEList,       /* List of values being extracted */
  int srcTab,             /* Pull data from this table */
  SortCtx *pSort,         /* If not NULL, info on how to process ORDER BY */
  DistinctCtx *pDistinct, /* If not NULL, info on how to process DISTINCT */
  SelectDest *pDest,      /* How to dispose of the results */
  int iContinue,          /* Jump here to continue with next row */
  int iBreak              /* Jump here to break out of the inner loop */
){
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
  int i;
................................................................................
  int eDest = pDest->eDest;   /* How to dispose of results */
  int iParm = pDest->iSDParm; /* First argument to disposal method */
  int nResultCol;             /* Number of result columns */

  assert( v );
  assert( pEList!=0 );
  hasDistinct = pDistinct ? pDistinct->eTnctType : WHERE_DISTINCT_NOOP;
  if( pSort && pSort->pOrderBy==0 ) pSort = 0;
  if( pSort==0 && !hasDistinct ){
    assert( iContinue!=0 );
    codeOffset(v, p->iOffset, iContinue);
  }

  /* Pull the requested columns.
  */
  nResultCol = pEList->nExpr;

................................................................................
      VdbeComment((v, "%s", pEList->a[i].zName));
    }
  }else if( eDest!=SRT_Exists ){
    /* If the destination is an EXISTS(...) expression, the actual
    ** values returned by the SELECT are not required.
    */
    sqlite3ExprCodeExprList(pParse, pEList, regResult,
                  (eDest==SRT_Output||eDest==SRT_Coroutine)?SQLITE_ECEL_DUP:0);
  }

  /* If the DISTINCT keyword was present on the SELECT statement
  ** and this row has been seen before, then do not make this row
  ** part of the result.
  */
  if( hasDistinct ){
................................................................................

      default: {
        assert( pDistinct->eTnctType==WHERE_DISTINCT_UNORDERED );
        codeDistinct(pParse, pDistinct->tabTnct, iContinue, nResultCol, regResult);
        break;
      }
    }
    if( pSort==0 ){
      codeOffset(v, p->iOffset, iContinue);
    }
  }

  switch( eDest ){
    /* In this mode, write each query result to the key of the temporary
    ** table iParm.
................................................................................
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_IdxDelete, iParm, regResult, nResultCol);
      break;
    }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT */

    /* Store the result as data using a unique key.
    */
    case SRT_Fifo:
    case SRT_DistFifo:
    case SRT_Table:
    case SRT_EphemTab: {
      int r1 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
      testcase( eDest==SRT_Table );
      testcase( eDest==SRT_EphemTab );
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regResult, nResultCol, r1);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CTE
      if( eDest==SRT_DistFifo ){
        /* If the destination is DistFifo, then cursor (iParm+1) is open
        ** on an ephemeral index. If the current row is already present
        ** in the index, do not write it to the output. If not, add the
        ** current row to the index and proceed with writing it to the
        ** output table as well.  */
        int addr = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v) + 4;
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_Found, iParm+1, addr, r1, 0); VdbeCoverage(v);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxInsert, iParm+1, r1);
        assert( pSort==0 );
      }
#endif
      if( pSort ){
        pushOntoSorter(pParse, pSort, p, r1);
      }else{
        int r2 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, iParm, r2);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, iParm, r1, r2);
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_APPEND);
        sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r2);
      }
................................................................................
    ** then there should be a single item on the stack.  Write this
    ** item into the set table with bogus data.
    */
    case SRT_Set: {
      assert( nResultCol==1 );
      pDest->affSdst =
                  sqlite3CompareAffinity(pEList->a[0].pExpr, pDest->affSdst);
      if( pSort ){
        /* At first glance you would think we could optimize out the
        ** ORDER BY in this case since the order of entries in the set
        ** does not matter.  But there might be a LIMIT clause, in which
        ** case the order does matter */
        pushOntoSorter(pParse, pSort, p, regResult);
      }else{
        int r1 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, regResult,1,r1, &pDest->affSdst, 1);
        sqlite3ExprCacheAffinityChange(pParse, regResult, 1);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxInsert, iParm, r1);
        sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r1);
      }
................................................................................

    /* If this is a scalar select that is part of an expression, then
    ** store the results in the appropriate memory cell and break out
    ** of the scan loop.
    */
    case SRT_Mem: {
      assert( nResultCol==1 );
      if( pSort ){
        pushOntoSorter(pParse, pSort, p, regResult);
      }else{
        sqlite3ExprCodeMove(pParse, regResult, iParm, 1);
        /* The LIMIT clause will jump out of the loop for us */
      }
      break;
    }
#endif /* #ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY */

    case SRT_Coroutine:       /* Send data to a co-routine */
    case SRT_Output: {        /* Return the results */
      testcase( eDest==SRT_Coroutine );
      testcase( eDest==SRT_Output );
      if( pSort ){
        int r1 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regResult, nResultCol, r1);
        pushOntoSorter(pParse, pSort, p, r1);
        sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r1);
      }else if( eDest==SRT_Coroutine ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Yield, pDest->iSDParm);
      }else{
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, regResult, nResultCol);
        sqlite3ExprCacheAffinityChange(pParse, regResult, nResultCol);
      }
................................................................................
#endif
  }

  /* Jump to the end of the loop if the LIMIT is reached.  Except, if
  ** there is a sorter, in which case the sorter has already limited
  ** the output for us.
  */
  if( pSort==0 && p->iLimit ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_IfZero, p->iLimit, iBreak, -1); VdbeCoverage(v);
  }
}

/*
** Allocate a KeyInfo object sufficient for an index of N key columns and
** X extra columns.
................................................................................
** then the KeyInfo structure is appropriate for initializing a virtual
** index to implement a DISTINCT test.
**
** Space to hold the KeyInfo structure is obtain from malloc.  The calling
** function is responsible for seeing that this structure is eventually
** freed.
*/
static KeyInfo *keyInfoFromExprList(
  Parse *pParse,       /* Parsing context */
  ExprList *pList,     /* Form the KeyInfo object from this ExprList */
  int iStart,          /* Begin with this column of pList */
  int nExtra           /* Add this many extra columns to the end */
){
  int nExpr;
  KeyInfo *pInfo;
  struct ExprList_item *pItem;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  int i;

  nExpr = pList->nExpr;
  pInfo = sqlite3KeyInfoAlloc(db, nExpr+nExtra-iStart, 1);
  if( pInfo ){
    assert( sqlite3KeyInfoIsWriteable(pInfo) );
    for(i=iStart, pItem=pList->a+iStart; i<nExpr; i++, pItem++){
      CollSeq *pColl;
      pColl = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pParse, pItem->pExpr);
      if( !pColl ) pColl = db->pDfltColl;
      pInfo->aColl[i-iStart] = pColl;
      pInfo->aSortOrder[i-iStart] = pItem->sortOrder;
    }
  }
  return pInfo;
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT
/*
................................................................................
** then the results were placed in a sorter.  After the loop is terminated
** we need to run the sorter and output the results.  The following
** routine generates the code needed to do that.
*/
static void generateSortTail(
  Parse *pParse,    /* Parsing context */
  Select *p,        /* The SELECT statement */
  SortCtx *pSort,   /* Information on the ORDER BY clause */
  int nColumn,      /* Number of columns of data */
  SelectDest *pDest /* Write the sorted results here */
){
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;                     /* The prepared statement */
  int addrBreak = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);     /* Jump here to exit loop */
  int addrContinue = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);  /* Jump here for next cycle */
  int addr;
  int addrOnce = 0;
  int iTab;
  int pseudoTab = 0;
  ExprList *pOrderBy = pSort->pOrderBy;

  int eDest = pDest->eDest;
  int iParm = pDest->iSDParm;

  int regRow;
  int regRowid;
  int nKey;

  if( pSort->labelBkOut ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Gosub, pSort->regReturn, pSort->labelBkOut);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, addrBreak);
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, pSort->labelBkOut);
    addrOnce = sqlite3CodeOnce(pParse); VdbeCoverage(v);
  }
  iTab = pSort->iECursor;
  regRow = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
  if( eDest==SRT_Output || eDest==SRT_Coroutine ){
    pseudoTab = pParse->nTab++;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenPseudo, pseudoTab, regRow, nColumn);
    regRowid = 0;
  }else{
    regRowid = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
  }
  nKey = pOrderBy->nExpr - pSort->nOBSat;
  if( pSort->sortFlags & SORTFLAG_UseSorter ){
    int regSortOut = ++pParse->nMem;
    int ptab2 = pParse->nTab++;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenPseudo, ptab2, regSortOut, nKey+2);
    if( addrOnce ) sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrOnce);
    addr = 1 + sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SorterSort, iTab, addrBreak);
    VdbeCoverage(v);
    codeOffset(v, p->iOffset, addrContinue);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SorterData, iTab, regSortOut);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, ptab2, nKey+1, regRow);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_CLEARCACHE);
  }else{
    if( addrOnce ) sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrOnce);
    addr = 1 + sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Sort, iTab, addrBreak); VdbeCoverage(v);
    codeOffset(v, p->iOffset, addrContinue);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iTab, nKey+1, regRow);
  }
  switch( eDest ){
    case SRT_Table:
    case SRT_EphemTab: {
      testcase( eDest==SRT_Table );
      testcase( eDest==SRT_EphemTab );
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, iParm, regRowid);
................................................................................
  }
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regRow);
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regRowid);

  /* The bottom of the loop
  */
  sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrContinue);
  if( pSort->sortFlags & SORTFLAG_UseSorter ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SorterNext, iTab, addr); VdbeCoverage(v);
  }else{
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iTab, addr); VdbeCoverage(v);
  }
  if( pSort->regReturn ) sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Return, pSort->regReturn);
  sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrBreak);
  if( eDest==SRT_Output || eDest==SRT_Coroutine ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, pseudoTab, 0);
  }
}

/*
................................................................................
    */
    nName = sqlite3Strlen30(zName);
    for(j=cnt=0; j<i; j++){
      if( sqlite3StrICmp(aCol[j].zName, zName)==0 ){
        char *zNewName;
        int k;
        for(k=nName-1; k>1 && sqlite3Isdigit(zName[k]); k--){}
        if( k>=0 && zName[k]==':' ) nName = k;
        zName[nName] = 0;
        zNewName = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%s:%d", zName, ++cnt);
        sqlite3DbFree(db, zName);
        zName = zNewName;
        j = -1;
        if( zName==0 ) break;
      }
................................................................................
    return 0;
  }
  /* The sqlite3ResultSetOfSelect() is only used n contexts where lookaside
  ** is disabled */
  assert( db->lookaside.bEnabled==0 );
  pTab->nRef = 1;
  pTab->zName = 0;
  pTab->nRowLogEst = 200; assert( 200==sqlite3LogEst(1048576) );
  selectColumnsFromExprList(pParse, pSelect->pEList, &pTab->nCol, &pTab->aCol);
  selectAddColumnTypeAndCollation(pParse, pTab, pSelect);
  pTab->iPKey = -1;
  if( db->mallocFailed ){
    sqlite3DeleteTable(db, pTab);
    return 0;
  }
................................................................................
  Select *pSetup = p->pPrior;   /* The setup query */
  int addrTop;                  /* Top of the loop */
  int addrCont, addrBreak;      /* CONTINUE and BREAK addresses */
  int iCurrent = 0;             /* The Current table */
  int regCurrent;               /* Register holding Current table */
  int iQueue;                   /* The Queue table */
  int iDistinct = 0;            /* To ensure unique results if UNION */
  int eDest = SRT_Fifo;         /* How to write to Queue */
  SelectDest destQueue;         /* SelectDest targetting the Queue table */
  int i;                        /* Loop counter */
  int rc;                       /* Result code */
  ExprList *pOrderBy;           /* The ORDER BY clause */
  Expr *pLimit, *pOffset;       /* Saved LIMIT and OFFSET */
  int regLimit, regOffset;      /* Registers used by LIMIT and OFFSET */

................................................................................
      iCurrent = pSrc->a[i].iCursor;
      break;
    }
  }

  /* Allocate cursors numbers for Queue and Distinct.  The cursor number for
  ** the Distinct table must be exactly one greater than Queue in order
  ** for the SRT_DistFifo and SRT_DistQueue destinations to work. */
  iQueue = pParse->nTab++;
  if( p->op==TK_UNION ){
    eDest = pOrderBy ? SRT_DistQueue : SRT_DistFifo;
    iDistinct = pParse->nTab++;
  }else{
    eDest = pOrderBy ? SRT_Queue : SRT_Fifo;
  }
  sqlite3SelectDestInit(&destQueue, eDest, iQueue);

  /* Allocate cursors for Current, Queue, and Distinct. */
  regCurrent = ++pParse->nMem;
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenPseudo, iCurrent, regCurrent, nCol);
  if( pOrderBy ){
................................................................................
  p->pPrior = pSetup;

  /* Keep running the loop until the Queue is empty */
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, addrTop);
  sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrBreak);

end_of_recursive_query:
  sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, p->pOrderBy);
  p->pOrderBy = pOrderBy;
  p->pLimit = pLimit;
  p->pOffset = pOffset;
  return;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_CTE */

................................................................................

    assert( pFrom->pTab==0 );
    pFrom->pTab = pTab = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(Table));
    if( pTab==0 ) return WRC_Abort;
    pTab->nRef = 1;
    pTab->zName = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pCte->zName);
    pTab->iPKey = -1;
    pTab->nRowLogEst = 200; assert( 200==sqlite3LogEst(1048576) );
    pTab->tabFlags |= TF_Ephemeral;
    pFrom->pSelect = sqlite3SelectDup(db, pCte->pSelect, 0);
    if( db->mallocFailed ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    assert( pFrom->pSelect );

    /* Check if this is a recursive CTE. */
    pSel = pFrom->pSelect;
................................................................................
      pFrom->pTab = pTab = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(Table));
      if( pTab==0 ) return WRC_Abort;
      pTab->nRef = 1;
      pTab->zName = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "sqlite_sq_%p", (void*)pTab);
      while( pSel->pPrior ){ pSel = pSel->pPrior; }
      selectColumnsFromExprList(pParse, pSel->pEList, &pTab->nCol, &pTab->aCol);
      pTab->iPKey = -1;
      pTab->nRowLogEst = 200; assert( 200==sqlite3LogEst(1048576) );
      pTab->tabFlags |= TF_Ephemeral;
#endif
    }else{
      /* An ordinary table or view name in the FROM clause */
      assert( pFrom->pTab==0 );
      pFrom->pTab = pTab = sqlite3LocateTableItem(pParse, 0, pFrom);
      if( pTab==0 ) return WRC_Abort;
................................................................................
      Expr *pE = pFunc->pExpr;
      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pE, EP_xIsSelect) );
      if( pE->x.pList==0 || pE->x.pList->nExpr!=1 ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "DISTINCT aggregates must have exactly one "
           "argument");
        pFunc->iDistinct = -1;
      }else{
        KeyInfo *pKeyInfo = keyInfoFromExprList(pParse, pE->x.pList, 0, 0);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_OpenEphemeral, pFunc->iDistinct, 0, 0,
                          (char*)pKeyInfo, P4_KEYINFO);
      }
    }
  }
}

................................................................................
  int i, j;              /* Loop counters */
  WhereInfo *pWInfo;     /* Return from sqlite3WhereBegin() */
  Vdbe *v;               /* The virtual machine under construction */
  int isAgg;             /* True for select lists like "count(*)" */
  ExprList *pEList;      /* List of columns to extract. */
  SrcList *pTabList;     /* List of tables to select from */
  Expr *pWhere;          /* The WHERE clause.  May be NULL */

  ExprList *pGroupBy;    /* The GROUP BY clause.  May be NULL */
  Expr *pHaving;         /* The HAVING clause.  May be NULL */
  int rc = 1;            /* Value to return from this function */

  DistinctCtx sDistinct; /* Info on how to code the DISTINCT keyword */
  SortCtx sSort;         /* Info on how to code the ORDER BY clause */
  AggInfo sAggInfo;      /* Information used by aggregate queries */
  int iEnd;              /* Address of the end of the query */
  sqlite3 *db;           /* The database connection */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
  int iRestoreSelectId = pParse->iSelectId;
  pParse->iSelectId = pParse->iNextSelectId++;
................................................................................
  db = pParse->db;
  if( p==0 || db->mallocFailed || pParse->nErr ){
    return 1;
  }
  if( sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_SELECT, 0, 0, 0) ) return 1;
  memset(&sAggInfo, 0, sizeof(sAggInfo));

  assert( p->pOrderBy==0 || pDest->eDest!=SRT_DistFifo );
  assert( p->pOrderBy==0 || pDest->eDest!=SRT_Fifo );
  assert( p->pOrderBy==0 || pDest->eDest!=SRT_DistQueue );
  assert( p->pOrderBy==0 || pDest->eDest!=SRT_Queue );
  if( IgnorableOrderby(pDest) ){
    assert(pDest->eDest==SRT_Exists || pDest->eDest==SRT_Union || 
           pDest->eDest==SRT_Except || pDest->eDest==SRT_Discard ||
           pDest->eDest==SRT_Queue  || pDest->eDest==SRT_DistFifo ||
           pDest->eDest==SRT_DistQueue || pDest->eDest==SRT_Fifo);
    /* If ORDER BY makes no difference in the output then neither does
    ** DISTINCT so it can be removed too. */
    sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, p->pOrderBy);
    p->pOrderBy = 0;
    p->selFlags &= ~SF_Distinct;
  }
  sqlite3SelectPrep(pParse, p, 0);
  memset(&sSort, 0, sizeof(sSort));
  sSort.pOrderBy = p->pOrderBy;
  pTabList = p->pSrc;
  pEList = p->pEList;
  if( pParse->nErr || db->mallocFailed ){
    goto select_end;
  }
  isAgg = (p->selFlags & SF_Aggregate)!=0;
  assert( pEList!=0 );
................................................................................
      pItem->regReturn = ++pParse->nMem;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_InitCoroutine, pItem->regReturn, 0, addrTop);
      VdbeComment((v, "%s", pItem->pTab->zName));
      pItem->addrFillSub = addrTop;
      sqlite3SelectDestInit(&dest, SRT_Coroutine, pItem->regReturn);
      explainSetInteger(pItem->iSelectId, (u8)pParse->iNextSelectId);
      sqlite3Select(pParse, pSub, &dest);
      pItem->pTab->nRowLogEst = sqlite3LogEst(pSub->nSelectRow);
      pItem->viaCoroutine = 1;
      pItem->regResult = dest.iSdst;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_EndCoroutine, pItem->regReturn);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrTop-1);
      sqlite3ClearTempRegCache(pParse);
    }else{
      /* Generate a subroutine that will fill an ephemeral table with
................................................................................
        VdbeComment((v, "materialize \"%s\"", pItem->pTab->zName));
      }else{
        VdbeNoopComment((v, "materialize \"%s\"", pItem->pTab->zName));
      }
      sqlite3SelectDestInit(&dest, SRT_EphemTab, pItem->iCursor);
      explainSetInteger(pItem->iSelectId, (u8)pParse->iNextSelectId);
      sqlite3Select(pParse, pSub, &dest);
      pItem->pTab->nRowLogEst = sqlite3LogEst(pSub->nSelectRow);
      if( onceAddr ) sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, onceAddr);
      retAddr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Return, pItem->regReturn);
      VdbeComment((v, "end %s", pItem->pTab->zName));
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, topAddr, retAddr);
      sqlite3ClearTempRegCache(pParse);
    }
    if( /*pParse->nErr ||*/ db->mallocFailed ){
      goto select_end;
    }
    pParse->nHeight -= sqlite3SelectExprHeight(p);
    pTabList = p->pSrc;
    if( !IgnorableOrderby(pDest) ){
      sSort.pOrderBy = p->pOrderBy;
    }
  }
  pEList = p->pEList;
#endif
  pWhere = p->pWhere;
  pGroupBy = p->pGroupBy;
  pHaving = p->pHaving;
................................................................................
  if( p->pPrior ){
    rc = multiSelect(pParse, p, pDest);
    explainSetInteger(pParse->iSelectId, iRestoreSelectId);
    return rc;
  }
#endif













  /* If the query is DISTINCT with an ORDER BY but is not an aggregate, and 
  ** if the select-list is the same as the ORDER BY list, then this query
  ** can be rewritten as a GROUP BY. In other words, this:
  **
  **     SELECT DISTINCT xyz FROM ... ORDER BY xyz
  **
  ** is transformed to:
................................................................................
  **
  ** The second form is preferred as a single index (or temp-table) may be 
  ** used for both the ORDER BY and DISTINCT processing. As originally 
  ** written the query must use a temp-table for at least one of the ORDER 
  ** BY and DISTINCT, and an index or separate temp-table for the other.
  */
  if( (p->selFlags & (SF_Distinct|SF_Aggregate))==SF_Distinct 
   && sqlite3ExprListCompare(sSort.pOrderBy, p->pEList, -1)==0
  ){
    p->selFlags &= ~SF_Distinct;
    p->pGroupBy = sqlite3ExprListDup(db, p->pEList, 0);
    pGroupBy = p->pGroupBy;
    sSort.pOrderBy = 0;
    /* Notice that even thought SF_Distinct has been cleared from p->selFlags,
    ** the sDistinct.isTnct is still set.  Hence, isTnct represents the
    ** original setting of the SF_Distinct flag, not the current setting */
    assert( sDistinct.isTnct );
  }

  /* If there is an ORDER BY clause, then this sorting
  ** index might end up being unused if the data can be 
  ** extracted in pre-sorted order.  If that is the case, then the
  ** OP_OpenEphemeral instruction will be changed to an OP_Noop once
  ** we figure out that the sorting index is not needed.  The addrSortIndex
  ** variable is used to facilitate that change.
  */
  if( sSort.pOrderBy ){
    KeyInfo *pKeyInfo;
    pKeyInfo = keyInfoFromExprList(pParse, sSort.pOrderBy, 0, 0);
    sSort.iECursor = pParse->nTab++;
    sSort.addrSortIndex =
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_OpenEphemeral,
                           sSort.iECursor, sSort.pOrderBy->nExpr+2, 0,
                           (char*)pKeyInfo, P4_KEYINFO);
  }else{
    sSort.addrSortIndex = -1;
  }

  /* If the output is destined for a temporary table, open that table.
  */
  if( pDest->eDest==SRT_EphemTab ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_OpenEphemeral, pDest->iSDParm, pEList->nExpr);
  }

  /* Set the limiter.
  */
  iEnd = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
  p->nSelectRow = LARGEST_INT64;
  computeLimitRegisters(pParse, p, iEnd);
  if( p->iLimit==0 && sSort.addrSortIndex>=0 ){
    sqlite3VdbeGetOp(v, sSort.addrSortIndex)->opcode = OP_SorterOpen;
    sSort.sortFlags |= SORTFLAG_UseSorter;
  }

  /* Open a virtual index to use for the distinct set.
  */
  if( p->selFlags & SF_Distinct ){
    sDistinct.tabTnct = pParse->nTab++;
    sDistinct.addrTnct = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_OpenEphemeral,
                                sDistinct.tabTnct, 0, 0,
                                (char*)keyInfoFromExprList(pParse, p->pEList,0,0),
                                P4_KEYINFO);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, BTREE_UNORDERED);
    sDistinct.eTnctType = WHERE_DISTINCT_UNORDERED;
  }else{
    sDistinct.eTnctType = WHERE_DISTINCT_NOOP;
  }

  if( !isAgg && pGroupBy==0 ){
    /* No aggregate functions and no GROUP BY clause */
    u16 wctrlFlags = (sDistinct.isTnct ? WHERE_WANT_DISTINCT : 0);

    /* Begin the database scan. */
    pWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(pParse, pTabList, pWhere, sSort.pOrderBy,
                               p->pEList, wctrlFlags, 0);
    if( pWInfo==0 ) goto select_end;
    if( sqlite3WhereOutputRowCount(pWInfo) < p->nSelectRow ){
      p->nSelectRow = sqlite3WhereOutputRowCount(pWInfo);
    }
    if( sDistinct.isTnct && sqlite3WhereIsDistinct(pWInfo) ){
      sDistinct.eTnctType = sqlite3WhereIsDistinct(pWInfo);
    }
    if( sSort.pOrderBy ){
      sSort.nOBSat = sqlite3WhereIsOrdered(pWInfo);
      if( sSort.nOBSat==sSort.pOrderBy->nExpr ){
        sSort.pOrderBy = 0;
      }
    }

    /* If sorting index that was created by a prior OP_OpenEphemeral 
    ** instruction ended up not being needed, then change the OP_OpenEphemeral
    ** into an OP_Noop.
    */
    if( sSort.addrSortIndex>=0 && sSort.pOrderBy==0 ){
      sqlite3VdbeChangeToNoop(v, sSort.addrSortIndex);

    }

    /* Use the standard inner loop. */
    selectInnerLoop(pParse, p, pEList, -1, &sSort, &sDistinct, pDest,
                    sqlite3WhereContinueLabel(pWInfo),
                    sqlite3WhereBreakLabel(pWInfo));

    /* End the database scan loop.
    */
    sqlite3WhereEnd(pWInfo);
  }else{
................................................................................
                        ** one row of the input to the aggregator has been
                        ** processed */
    int iAbortFlag;     /* Mem address which causes query abort if positive */
    int groupBySort;    /* Rows come from source in GROUP BY order */
    int addrEnd;        /* End of processing for this SELECT */
    int sortPTab = 0;   /* Pseudotable used to decode sorting results */
    int sortOut = 0;    /* Output register from the sorter */
    int orderByGrp = 0; /* True if the GROUP BY and ORDER BY are the same */

    /* Remove any and all aliases between the result set and the
    ** GROUP BY clause.
    */
    if( pGroupBy ){
      int k;                        /* Loop counter */
      struct ExprList_item *pItem;  /* For looping over expression in a list */
................................................................................
        pItem->u.x.iAlias = 0;
      }
      if( p->nSelectRow>100 ) p->nSelectRow = 100;
    }else{
      p->nSelectRow = 1;
    }


    /* If there is both a GROUP BY and an ORDER BY clause and they are
    ** identical, then it may be possible to disable the ORDER BY clause 
    ** on the grounds that the GROUP BY will cause elements to come out 
    ** in the correct order. It also may not - the GROUP BY may use a
    ** database index that causes rows to be grouped together as required
    ** but not actually sorted. Either way, record the fact that the
    ** ORDER BY and GROUP BY clauses are the same by setting the orderByGrp
    ** variable.  */
    if( sqlite3ExprListCompare(pGroupBy, sSort.pOrderBy, -1)==0 ){
      orderByGrp = 1;
    }
 
    /* Create a label to jump to when we want to abort the query */
    addrEnd = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);

    /* Convert TK_COLUMN nodes into TK_AGG_COLUMN and make entries in
    ** sAggInfo for all TK_AGG_FUNCTION nodes in expressions of the
    ** SELECT statement.
................................................................................
    sNC.pParse = pParse;
    sNC.pSrcList = pTabList;
    sNC.pAggInfo = &sAggInfo;
    sAggInfo.mnReg = pParse->nMem+1;
    sAggInfo.nSortingColumn = pGroupBy ? pGroupBy->nExpr+1 : 0;
    sAggInfo.pGroupBy = pGroupBy;
    sqlite3ExprAnalyzeAggList(&sNC, pEList);
    sqlite3ExprAnalyzeAggList(&sNC, sSort.pOrderBy);
    if( pHaving ){
      sqlite3ExprAnalyzeAggregates(&sNC, pHaving);
    }
    sAggInfo.nAccumulator = sAggInfo.nColumn;
    for(i=0; i<sAggInfo.nFunc; i++){
      assert( !ExprHasProperty(sAggInfo.aFunc[i].pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) );
      sNC.ncFlags |= NC_InAggFunc;
................................................................................

      /* If there is a GROUP BY clause we might need a sorting index to
      ** implement it.  Allocate that sorting index now.  If it turns out
      ** that we do not need it after all, the OP_SorterOpen instruction
      ** will be converted into a Noop.  
      */
      sAggInfo.sortingIdx = pParse->nTab++;
      pKeyInfo = keyInfoFromExprList(pParse, pGroupBy, 0, 0);
      addrSortingIdx = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_SorterOpen, 
          sAggInfo.sortingIdx, sAggInfo.nSortingColumn, 
          0, (char*)pKeyInfo, P4_KEYINFO);

      /* Initialize memory locations used by GROUP BY aggregate processing
      */
      iUseFlag = ++pParse->nMem;
................................................................................

      /* Begin a loop that will extract all source rows in GROUP BY order.
      ** This might involve two separate loops with an OP_Sort in between, or
      ** it might be a single loop that uses an index to extract information
      ** in the right order to begin with.
      */
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Gosub, regReset, addrReset);
      pWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(pParse, pTabList, pWhere, pGroupBy, 0,
          WHERE_GROUPBY | (orderByGrp ? WHERE_SORTBYGROUP : 0), 0
      );
      if( pWInfo==0 ) goto select_end;
      if( sqlite3WhereIsOrdered(pWInfo)==pGroupBy->nExpr ){
        /* The optimizer is able to deliver rows in group by order so
        ** we do not have to sort.  The OP_OpenEphemeral table will be
        ** cancelled later because we still need to use the pKeyInfo
        */
        groupBySort = 0;
      }else{
        /* Rows are coming out in undetermined order.  We have to push
................................................................................
        sAggInfo.sortingIdxPTab = sortPTab = pParse->nTab++;
        sortOut = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenPseudo, sortPTab, sortOut, nCol);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SorterSort, sAggInfo.sortingIdx, addrEnd);
        VdbeComment((v, "GROUP BY sort")); VdbeCoverage(v);
        sAggInfo.useSortingIdx = 1;
        sqlite3ExprCacheClear(pParse);

      }

      /* If the index or temporary table used by the GROUP BY sort
      ** will naturally deliver rows in the order required by the ORDER BY
      ** clause, cancel the ephemeral table open coded earlier.
      **
      ** This is an optimization - the correct answer should result regardless.
      ** Use the SQLITE_GroupByOrder flag with SQLITE_TESTCTRL_OPTIMIZER to 
      ** disable this optimization for testing purposes.  */
      if( orderByGrp && OptimizationEnabled(db, SQLITE_GroupByOrder) 
       && (groupBySort || sqlite3WhereIsSorted(pWInfo))
      ){
        sSort.pOrderBy = 0;
        sqlite3VdbeChangeToNoop(v, sSort.addrSortIndex);
      }

      /* Evaluate the current GROUP BY terms and store in b0, b1, b2...
      ** (b0 is memory location iBMem+0, b1 is iBMem+1, and so forth)
      ** Then compare the current GROUP BY terms against the GROUP BY terms
      ** from the previous row currently stored in a0, a1, a2...
      */
................................................................................
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrOutputRow);
      addrOutputRow = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IfPos, iUseFlag, addrOutputRow+2); VdbeCoverage(v);
      VdbeComment((v, "Groupby result generator entry point"));
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Return, regOutputRow);
      finalizeAggFunctions(pParse, &sAggInfo);
      sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, pHaving, addrOutputRow+1, SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
      selectInnerLoop(pParse, p, p->pEList, -1, &sSort,
                      &sDistinct, pDest,
                      addrOutputRow+1, addrSetAbort);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Return, regOutputRow);
      VdbeComment((v, "end groupby result generator"));

      /* Generate a subroutine that will reset the group-by accumulator
      */
................................................................................
        pWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(pParse, pTabList, pWhere, pMinMax,0,flag,0);
        if( pWInfo==0 ){
          sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, pDel);
          goto select_end;
        }
        updateAccumulator(pParse, &sAggInfo);
        assert( pMinMax==0 || pMinMax->nExpr==1 );
        if( sqlite3WhereIsOrdered(pWInfo)>0 ){
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, sqlite3WhereBreakLabel(pWInfo));
          VdbeComment((v, "%s() by index",
                (flag==WHERE_ORDERBY_MIN?"min":"max")));
        }
        sqlite3WhereEnd(pWInfo);
        finalizeAggFunctions(pParse, &sAggInfo);
      }

      sSort.pOrderBy = 0;
      sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, pHaving, addrEnd, SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
      selectInnerLoop(pParse, p, p->pEList, -1, 0, 0, 
                      pDest, addrEnd, addrEnd);
      sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, pDel);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrEnd);
    
................................................................................
  if( sDistinct.eTnctType==WHERE_DISTINCT_UNORDERED ){
    explainTempTable(pParse, "DISTINCT");
  }

  /* If there is an ORDER BY clause, then we need to sort the results
  ** and send them to the callback one by one.
  */
  if( sSort.pOrderBy ){
    explainTempTable(pParse, sSort.nOBSat>0 ? "RIGHT PART OF ORDER BY":"ORDER BY");
    generateSortTail(pParse, p, &sSort, pEList->nExpr, pDest);
  }

  /* Jump here to skip this query
  */
  sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iEnd);

  /* The SELECT was successfully coded.   Set the return code to 0

Changes to src/shell.c.

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# define write_history(X)
# define stifle_history(X)
#endif

#if defined(_WIN32) || defined(WIN32)
# include <io.h>
#define isatty(h) _isatty(h)

#define access(f,m) _access((f),(m))

#undef popen
#define popen _popen
#undef pclose
#define pclose _pclose
#else
/* Make sure isatty() has a prototype.
*/
................................................................................
** An pointer to an instance of this structure is passed from
** the main program to the callback.  This is used to communicate
** state and mode information.
*/
struct callback_data {
  sqlite3 *db;           /* The database */
  int echoOn;            /* True to echo input commands */

  int statsOn;           /* True to display memory stats before each finalize */
  int cnt;               /* Number of records displayed so far */
  FILE *out;             /* Write results here */
  FILE *traceOut;        /* Output for sqlite3_trace() */
  int nErr;              /* Number of errors seen */
  int mode;              /* An output mode setting */
  int writableSchema;    /* True if PRAGMA writable_schema=ON */
................................................................................
  const char *zFirstRow    /* Print before first row, if not NULL */
){
  sqlite3_stmt *pSelect;
  int rc;
  int nResult;
  int i;
  const char *z;
  rc = sqlite3_prepare(p->db, zSelect, -1, &pSelect, 0);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK || !pSelect ){
    fprintf(p->out, "/**** ERROR: (%d) %s *****/\n", rc, sqlite3_errmsg(p->db));
    if( (rc&0xff)!=SQLITE_CORRUPT ) p->nErr++;
    return rc;
  }
  rc = sqlite3_step(pSelect);
  nResult = sqlite3_column_count(pSelect);
................................................................................
**     * For each "Next", "Prev", "VNext" or "VPrev" instruction, indent
**       all opcodes that occur between the p2 jump destination and the opcode
**       itself by 2 spaces.
**
**     * For each "Goto", if the jump destination is earlier in the program
**       and ends on one of:
**          Yield  SeekGt  SeekLt  RowSetRead  Rewind

**       then indent all opcodes between the earlier instruction
**       and "Goto" by 2 spaces.
*/
static void explain_data_prepare(struct callback_data *p, sqlite3_stmt *pSql){
  const char *zSql;               /* The text of the SQL statement */
  const char *z;                  /* Used to check if this is an EXPLAIN */
  int *abYield = 0;               /* True if op is an OP_Yield */
  int nAlloc = 0;                 /* Allocated size of p->aiIndent[], abYield */
  int iOp;                        /* Index of operation in p->aiIndent[] */

  const char *azNext[] = { "Next", "Prev", "VPrev", "VNext", "SorterNext", 0 };

  const char *azYield[] = { "Yield", "SeekLt", "SeekGt", "RowSetRead", "Rewind", 0 };
  const char *azGoto[] = { "Goto", 0 };

  /* Try to figure out if this is really an EXPLAIN statement. If this
  ** cannot be verified, return early.  */
  zSql = sqlite3_sql(pSql);
  if( zSql==0 ) return;
................................................................................
    abYield[iOp] = str_in_array(zOp, azYield);
    p->aiIndent[iOp] = 0;
    p->nIndent = iOp+1;

    if( str_in_array(zOp, azNext) ){
      for(i=p2op; i<iOp; i++) p->aiIndent[i] += 2;
    }
    if( str_in_array(zOp, azGoto) && p2op<p->nIndent && abYield[p2op] ){


      for(i=p2op+1; i<iOp; i++) p->aiIndent[i] += 2;
    }
  }

  p->iIndent = 0;
  sqlite3_free(abYield);
  sqlite3_reset(pSql);
................................................................................
      }

      /* echo the sql statement if echo on */
      if( pArg && pArg->echoOn ){
        const char *zStmtSql = sqlite3_sql(pStmt);
        fprintf(pArg->out, "%s\n", zStmtSql ? zStmtSql : zSql);
      }


















      /* Output TESTCTRL_EXPLAIN text of requested */
      if( pArg && pArg->mode==MODE_Explain ){
        const char *zExplain = 0;
        sqlite3_test_control(SQLITE_TESTCTRL_EXPLAIN_STMT, pStmt, &zExplain);
        if( zExplain && zExplain[0] ){
          fprintf(pArg->out, "%s", zExplain);
................................................................................
    char *zTmp = 0;
    int nRow = 0;
   
    zTableInfo = appendText(zTableInfo, "PRAGMA table_info(", 0);
    zTableInfo = appendText(zTableInfo, zTable, '"');
    zTableInfo = appendText(zTableInfo, ");", 0);

    rc = sqlite3_prepare(p->db, zTableInfo, -1, &pTableInfo, 0);
    free(zTableInfo);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK || !pTableInfo ){
      return 1;
    }

    zSelect = appendText(zSelect, "SELECT 'INSERT INTO ' || ", 0);
    /* Always quote the table name, even if it appears to be pure ascii,
................................................................................
    return;
  }
  rc = sqlite3_open(zNewDb, &newDb);
  if( rc ){
    fprintf(stderr, "Cannot create output database: %s\n",
            sqlite3_errmsg(newDb));
  }else{

    sqlite3_exec(newDb, "BEGIN EXCLUSIVE;", 0, 0, 0);
    tryToCloneSchema(p, newDb, "type='table'", tryToCloneData);
    tryToCloneSchema(p, newDb, "type!='table'", 0);
    sqlite3_exec(newDb, "COMMIT;", 0, 0, 0);

  }
  sqlite3_close(newDb);
}

/*
** If an input line begins with "." then invoke this routine to
** process that line.
................................................................................
    sqlite3_exec(p->db, "RELEASE dump;", 0, 0, 0);
    fprintf(p->out, p->nErr ? "ROLLBACK; -- due to errors\n" : "COMMIT;\n");
  }else

  if( c=='e' && strncmp(azArg[0], "echo", n)==0 && nArg>1 && nArg<3 ){
    p->echoOn = booleanValue(azArg[1]);
  }else





  if( c=='e' && strncmp(azArg[0], "exit", n)==0 ){
    if( nArg>1 && (rc = (int)integerValue(azArg[1]))!=0 ) exit(rc);
    rc = 2;
  }else

  if( c=='e' && strncmp(azArg[0], "explain", n)==0 && nArg<3 ){
................................................................................
    zSql = sqlite3_mprintf("SELECT * FROM %s", zTable);
    if( zSql==0 ){
      fprintf(stderr, "Error: out of memory\n");
      xCloser(sCsv.in);
      return 1;
    }
    nByte = strlen30(zSql);
    rc = sqlite3_prepare(p->db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
    if( rc && sqlite3_strglob("no such table: *", sqlite3_errmsg(db))==0 ){
      char *zCreate = sqlite3_mprintf("CREATE TABLE %s", zTable);
      char cSep = '(';
      while( csv_read_one_field(&sCsv) ){
        zCreate = sqlite3_mprintf("%z%c\n  \"%s\" TEXT", zCreate, cSep, sCsv.z);
        cSep = ',';
        if( sCsv.cTerm!=sCsv.cSeparator ) break;
................................................................................
      if( rc ){
        fprintf(stderr, "CREATE TABLE %s(...) failed: %s\n", zTable,
                sqlite3_errmsg(db));
        sqlite3_free(sCsv.z);
        xCloser(sCsv.in);
        return 1;
      }
      rc = sqlite3_prepare(p->db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
    }
    sqlite3_free(zSql);
    if( rc ){
      if (pStmt) sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
      fprintf(stderr,"Error: %s\n", sqlite3_errmsg(db));
      xCloser(sCsv.in);
      return 1;
................................................................................
    j = strlen30(zSql);
    for(i=1; i<nCol; i++){
      zSql[j++] = ',';
      zSql[j++] = '?';
    }
    zSql[j++] = ')';
    zSql[j] = 0;
    rc = sqlite3_prepare(p->db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
    sqlite3_free(zSql);
    if( rc ){
      fprintf(stderr, "Error: %s\n", sqlite3_errmsg(db));
      if (pStmt) sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
      xCloser(sCsv.in);
      return 1;
    }
................................................................................
    sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(p->separator), p->separator,
                     "%.*s", (int)sizeof(p->separator)-1, azArg[1]);
  }else

  if( c=='s' && strncmp(azArg[0], "show", n)==0 && nArg==1 ){
    int i;
    fprintf(p->out,"%9.9s: %s\n","echo", p->echoOn ? "on" : "off");

    fprintf(p->out,"%9.9s: %s\n","explain", p->explainPrev.valid ? "on" :"off");
    fprintf(p->out,"%9.9s: %s\n","headers", p->showHeader ? "on" : "off");
    fprintf(p->out,"%9.9s: %s\n","mode", modeDescr[p->mode]);
    fprintf(p->out,"%9.9s: ", "nullvalue");
      output_c_string(p->out, p->nullvalue);
      fprintf(p->out, "\n");
    fprintf(p->out,"%9.9s: %s\n","output",
................................................................................
      { "pending_byte",          SQLITE_TESTCTRL_PENDING_BYTE           },
      { "assert",                SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ASSERT                 },
      { "always",                SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ALWAYS                 },
      { "reserve",               SQLITE_TESTCTRL_RESERVE                },
      { "optimizations",         SQLITE_TESTCTRL_OPTIMIZATIONS          },
      { "iskeyword",             SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ISKEYWORD              },
      { "scratchmalloc",         SQLITE_TESTCTRL_SCRATCHMALLOC          },

    };
    int testctrl = -1;
    int rc = 0;
    int i, n;
    open_db(p, 0);

    /* convert testctrl text option to value. allow any unique prefix
................................................................................
          } else {
            fprintf(stderr,"Error: testctrl %s takes a single int option\n",
                    azArg[1]);
          }
          break;

        /* sqlite3_test_control(int) */
        case SQLITE_TESTCTRL_PRNG_SAVE:           
        case SQLITE_TESTCTRL_PRNG_RESTORE:        
        case SQLITE_TESTCTRL_PRNG_RESET:

          if( nArg==2 ){
            rc = sqlite3_test_control(testctrl);
            fprintf(p->out, "%d (0x%08x)\n", rc, rc);
          } else {
            fprintf(stderr,"Error: testctrl %s takes no options\n", azArg[1]);
          }
          break;
................................................................................
  struct callback_data data;
  const char *zInitFile = 0;
  char *zFirstCmd = 0;
  int i;
  int rc = 0;
  int warnInmemoryDb = 0;


  if( strcmp(sqlite3_sourceid(),SQLITE_SOURCE_ID)!=0 ){
    fprintf(stderr, "SQLite header and source version mismatch\n%s\n%s\n",
            sqlite3_sourceid(), SQLITE_SOURCE_ID);
    exit(1);
  }

  Argv0 = argv[0];
  main_init(&data);
  stdin_is_interactive = isatty(0);

  /* Make sure we have a valid signal handler early, before anything
  ** else is done.
  */
................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_MEMORYDB
    data.zDbFilename = ":memory:";
    warnInmemoryDb = argc==1;
#else
    fprintf(stderr,"%s: Error: no database filename specified\n", Argv0);
    return 1;
#endif





  }
  data.out = stdout;

  /* Go ahead and open the database file if it already exists.  If the
  ** file does not exist, delay opening it.  This prevents empty database
  ** files from being created if a user mistypes the database name argument
  ** to the sqlite command-line tool.
................................................................................
                       "%s",cmdline_option_value(argc,argv,++i));
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-header")==0 ){
      data.showHeader = 1;
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-noheader")==0 ){
      data.showHeader = 0;
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-echo")==0 ){
      data.echoOn = 1;


    }else if( strcmp(z,"-stats")==0 ){
      data.statsOn = 1;
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-bail")==0 ){
      bail_on_error = 1;
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-version")==0 ){
      printf("%s %s\n", sqlite3_libversion(), sqlite3_sourceid());
      return 0;
................................................................................
      printf(
        "SQLite version %s %.19s\n" /*extra-version-info*/
        "Enter \".help\" for usage hints.\n",
        sqlite3_libversion(), sqlite3_sourceid()
      );
      if( warnInmemoryDb ){
        printf("Connected to a ");
        printBold("transient in-memory database.");
        printf("\nUse \".open FILENAME\" to reopen on a "
               "persistent database.\n");
      }
      zHome = find_home_dir();
      if( zHome ){
        nHistory = strlen30(zHome) + 20;
        if( (zHistory = malloc(nHistory))!=0 ){
          sqlite3_snprintf(nHistory, zHistory,"%s/.sqlite_history", zHome);







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# define write_history(X)
# define stifle_history(X)
#endif

#if defined(_WIN32) || defined(WIN32)
# include <io.h>
#define isatty(h) _isatty(h)
#ifndef access
# define access(f,m) _access((f),(m))
#endif
#undef popen
#define popen _popen
#undef pclose
#define pclose _pclose
#else
/* Make sure isatty() has a prototype.
*/
................................................................................
** An pointer to an instance of this structure is passed from
** the main program to the callback.  This is used to communicate
** state and mode information.
*/
struct callback_data {
  sqlite3 *db;           /* The database */
  int echoOn;            /* True to echo input commands */
  int autoEQP;           /* Run EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN prior to seach SQL statement */
  int statsOn;           /* True to display memory stats before each finalize */
  int cnt;               /* Number of records displayed so far */
  FILE *out;             /* Write results here */
  FILE *traceOut;        /* Output for sqlite3_trace() */
  int nErr;              /* Number of errors seen */
  int mode;              /* An output mode setting */
  int writableSchema;    /* True if PRAGMA writable_schema=ON */
................................................................................
  const char *zFirstRow    /* Print before first row, if not NULL */
){
  sqlite3_stmt *pSelect;
  int rc;
  int nResult;
  int i;
  const char *z;
  rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(p->db, zSelect, -1, &pSelect, 0);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK || !pSelect ){
    fprintf(p->out, "/**** ERROR: (%d) %s *****/\n", rc, sqlite3_errmsg(p->db));
    if( (rc&0xff)!=SQLITE_CORRUPT ) p->nErr++;
    return rc;
  }
  rc = sqlite3_step(pSelect);
  nResult = sqlite3_column_count(pSelect);
................................................................................
**     * For each "Next", "Prev", "VNext" or "VPrev" instruction, indent
**       all opcodes that occur between the p2 jump destination and the opcode
**       itself by 2 spaces.
**
**     * For each "Goto", if the jump destination is earlier in the program
**       and ends on one of:
**          Yield  SeekGt  SeekLt  RowSetRead  Rewind
**       or if the P1 parameter is one instead of zero,
**       then indent all opcodes between the earlier instruction
**       and "Goto" by 2 spaces.
*/
static void explain_data_prepare(struct callback_data *p, sqlite3_stmt *pSql){
  const char *zSql;               /* The text of the SQL statement */
  const char *z;                  /* Used to check if this is an EXPLAIN */
  int *abYield = 0;               /* True if op is an OP_Yield */
  int nAlloc = 0;                 /* Allocated size of p->aiIndent[], abYield */
  int iOp;                        /* Index of operation in p->aiIndent[] */

  const char *azNext[] = { "Next", "Prev", "VPrev", "VNext", "SorterNext",
                           "NextIfOpen", "PrevIfOpen", 0 };
  const char *azYield[] = { "Yield", "SeekLt", "SeekGt", "RowSetRead", "Rewind", 0 };
  const char *azGoto[] = { "Goto", 0 };

  /* Try to figure out if this is really an EXPLAIN statement. If this
  ** cannot be verified, return early.  */
  zSql = sqlite3_sql(pSql);
  if( zSql==0 ) return;
................................................................................
    abYield[iOp] = str_in_array(zOp, azYield);
    p->aiIndent[iOp] = 0;
    p->nIndent = iOp+1;

    if( str_in_array(zOp, azNext) ){
      for(i=p2op; i<iOp; i++) p->aiIndent[i] += 2;
    }
    if( str_in_array(zOp, azGoto) && p2op<p->nIndent
     && (abYield[p2op] || sqlite3_column_int(pSql, 2))
    ){
      for(i=p2op+1; i<iOp; i++) p->aiIndent[i] += 2;
    }
  }

  p->iIndent = 0;
  sqlite3_free(abYield);
  sqlite3_reset(pSql);
................................................................................
      }

      /* echo the sql statement if echo on */
      if( pArg && pArg->echoOn ){
        const char *zStmtSql = sqlite3_sql(pStmt);
        fprintf(pArg->out, "%s\n", zStmtSql ? zStmtSql : zSql);
      }

      /* Show the EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN if .eqp is on */
      if( pArg && pArg->autoEQP ){
        sqlite3_stmt *pExplain;
        char *zEQP = sqlite3_mprintf("EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN %s", sqlite3_sql(pStmt));
        rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(db, zEQP, -1, &pExplain, 0);
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          while( sqlite3_step(pExplain)==SQLITE_ROW ){
            fprintf(pArg->out,"--EQP-- %d,", sqlite3_column_int(pExplain, 0));
            fprintf(pArg->out,"%d,", sqlite3_column_int(pExplain, 1));
            fprintf(pArg->out,"%d,", sqlite3_column_int(pExplain, 2));
            fprintf(pArg->out,"%s\n", sqlite3_column_text(pExplain, 3));
          }
        }
        sqlite3_finalize(pExplain);
        sqlite3_free(zEQP);
      }

      /* Output TESTCTRL_EXPLAIN text of requested */
      if( pArg && pArg->mode==MODE_Explain ){
        const char *zExplain = 0;
        sqlite3_test_control(SQLITE_TESTCTRL_EXPLAIN_STMT, pStmt, &zExplain);
        if( zExplain && zExplain[0] ){
          fprintf(pArg->out, "%s", zExplain);
................................................................................
    char *zTmp = 0;
    int nRow = 0;
   
    zTableInfo = appendText(zTableInfo, "PRAGMA table_info(", 0);
    zTableInfo = appendText(zTableInfo, zTable, '"');
    zTableInfo = appendText(zTableInfo, ");", 0);

    rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(p->db, zTableInfo, -1, &pTableInfo, 0);
    free(zTableInfo);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK || !pTableInfo ){
      return 1;
    }

    zSelect = appendText(zSelect, "SELECT 'INSERT INTO ' || ", 0);
    /* Always quote the table name, even if it appears to be pure ascii,
................................................................................
    return;
  }
  rc = sqlite3_open(zNewDb, &newDb);
  if( rc ){
    fprintf(stderr, "Cannot create output database: %s\n",
            sqlite3_errmsg(newDb));
  }else{
    sqlite3_exec(p->db, "PRAGMA writable_schema=ON;", 0, 0, 0);
    sqlite3_exec(newDb, "BEGIN EXCLUSIVE;", 0, 0, 0);
    tryToCloneSchema(p, newDb, "type='table'", tryToCloneData);
    tryToCloneSchema(p, newDb, "type!='table'", 0);
    sqlite3_exec(newDb, "COMMIT;", 0, 0, 0);
    sqlite3_exec(p->db, "PRAGMA writable_schema=OFF;", 0, 0, 0);
  }
  sqlite3_close(newDb);
}

/*
** If an input line begins with "." then invoke this routine to
** process that line.
................................................................................
    sqlite3_exec(p->db, "RELEASE dump;", 0, 0, 0);
    fprintf(p->out, p->nErr ? "ROLLBACK; -- due to errors\n" : "COMMIT;\n");
  }else

  if( c=='e' && strncmp(azArg[0], "echo", n)==0 && nArg>1 && nArg<3 ){
    p->echoOn = booleanValue(azArg[1]);
  }else

  if( c=='e' && strncmp(azArg[0], "eqp", n)==0 && nArg>1 && nArg<3 ){
    p->autoEQP = booleanValue(azArg[1]);
  }else

  if( c=='e' && strncmp(azArg[0], "exit", n)==0 ){
    if( nArg>1 && (rc = (int)integerValue(azArg[1]))!=0 ) exit(rc);
    rc = 2;
  }else

  if( c=='e' && strncmp(azArg[0], "explain", n)==0 && nArg<3 ){
................................................................................
    zSql = sqlite3_mprintf("SELECT * FROM %s", zTable);
    if( zSql==0 ){
      fprintf(stderr, "Error: out of memory\n");
      xCloser(sCsv.in);
      return 1;
    }
    nByte = strlen30(zSql);
    rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(p->db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
    if( rc && sqlite3_strglob("no such table: *", sqlite3_errmsg(db))==0 ){
      char *zCreate = sqlite3_mprintf("CREATE TABLE %s", zTable);
      char cSep = '(';
      while( csv_read_one_field(&sCsv) ){
        zCreate = sqlite3_mprintf("%z%c\n  \"%s\" TEXT", zCreate, cSep, sCsv.z);
        cSep = ',';
        if( sCsv.cTerm!=sCsv.cSeparator ) break;
................................................................................
      if( rc ){
        fprintf(stderr, "CREATE TABLE %s(...) failed: %s\n", zTable,
                sqlite3_errmsg(db));
        sqlite3_free(sCsv.z);
        xCloser(sCsv.in);
        return 1;
      }
      rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(p->db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
    }
    sqlite3_free(zSql);
    if( rc ){
      if (pStmt) sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
      fprintf(stderr,"Error: %s\n", sqlite3_errmsg(db));
      xCloser(sCsv.in);
      return 1;
................................................................................
    j = strlen30(zSql);
    for(i=1; i<nCol; i++){
      zSql[j++] = ',';
      zSql[j++] = '?';
    }
    zSql[j++] = ')';
    zSql[j] = 0;
    rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(p->db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
    sqlite3_free(zSql);
    if( rc ){
      fprintf(stderr, "Error: %s\n", sqlite3_errmsg(db));
      if (pStmt) sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
      xCloser(sCsv.in);
      return 1;
    }
................................................................................
    sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(p->separator), p->separator,
                     "%.*s", (int)sizeof(p->separator)-1, azArg[1]);
  }else

  if( c=='s' && strncmp(azArg[0], "show", n)==0 && nArg==1 ){
    int i;
    fprintf(p->out,"%9.9s: %s\n","echo", p->echoOn ? "on" : "off");
    fprintf(p->out,"%9.9s: %s\n","eqp", p->autoEQP ? "on" : "off");
    fprintf(p->out,"%9.9s: %s\n","explain", p->explainPrev.valid ? "on" :"off");
    fprintf(p->out,"%9.9s: %s\n","headers", p->showHeader ? "on" : "off");
    fprintf(p->out,"%9.9s: %s\n","mode", modeDescr[p->mode]);
    fprintf(p->out,"%9.9s: ", "nullvalue");
      output_c_string(p->out, p->nullvalue);
      fprintf(p->out, "\n");
    fprintf(p->out,"%9.9s: %s\n","output",
................................................................................
      { "pending_byte",          SQLITE_TESTCTRL_PENDING_BYTE           },
      { "assert",                SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ASSERT                 },
      { "always",                SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ALWAYS                 },
      { "reserve",               SQLITE_TESTCTRL_RESERVE                },
      { "optimizations",         SQLITE_TESTCTRL_OPTIMIZATIONS          },
      { "iskeyword",             SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ISKEYWORD              },
      { "scratchmalloc",         SQLITE_TESTCTRL_SCRATCHMALLOC          },
      { "byteorder",             SQLITE_TESTCTRL_BYTEORDER              },
    };
    int testctrl = -1;
    int rc = 0;
    int i, n;
    open_db(p, 0);

    /* convert testctrl text option to value. allow any unique prefix
................................................................................
          } else {
            fprintf(stderr,"Error: testctrl %s takes a single int option\n",
                    azArg[1]);
          }
          break;

        /* sqlite3_test_control(int) */
        case SQLITE_TESTCTRL_PRNG_SAVE:
        case SQLITE_TESTCTRL_PRNG_RESTORE:
        case SQLITE_TESTCTRL_PRNG_RESET:
        case SQLITE_TESTCTRL_BYTEORDER:
          if( nArg==2 ){
            rc = sqlite3_test_control(testctrl);
            fprintf(p->out, "%d (0x%08x)\n", rc, rc);
          } else {
            fprintf(stderr,"Error: testctrl %s takes no options\n", azArg[1]);
          }
          break;
................................................................................
  struct callback_data data;
  const char *zInitFile = 0;
  char *zFirstCmd = 0;
  int i;
  int rc = 0;
  int warnInmemoryDb = 0;

#if USE_SYSTEM_SQLITE+0!=1
  if( strcmp(sqlite3_sourceid(),SQLITE_SOURCE_ID)!=0 ){
    fprintf(stderr, "SQLite header and source version mismatch\n%s\n%s\n",
            sqlite3_sourceid(), SQLITE_SOURCE_ID);
    exit(1);
  }
#endif
  Argv0 = argv[0];
  main_init(&data);
  stdin_is_interactive = isatty(0);

  /* Make sure we have a valid signal handler early, before anything
  ** else is done.
  */
................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_MEMORYDB
    data.zDbFilename = ":memory:";
    warnInmemoryDb = argc==1;
#else
    fprintf(stderr,"%s: Error: no database filename specified\n", Argv0);
    return 1;
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_SHELL_DBNAME_PROC
    { extern void SQLITE_SHELL_DBNAME_PROC(const char**);
      SQLITE_SHELL_DBNAME_PROC(&data.zDbFilename);
      warnInmemoryDb = 0; }
#endif
  }
  data.out = stdout;

  /* Go ahead and open the database file if it already exists.  If the
  ** file does not exist, delay opening it.  This prevents empty database
  ** files from being created if a user mistypes the database name argument
  ** to the sqlite command-line tool.
................................................................................
                       "%s",cmdline_option_value(argc,argv,++i));
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-header")==0 ){
      data.showHeader = 1;
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-noheader")==0 ){
      data.showHeader = 0;
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-echo")==0 ){
      data.echoOn = 1;
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-eqp")==0 ){
      data.autoEQP = 1;
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-stats")==0 ){
      data.statsOn = 1;
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-bail")==0 ){
      bail_on_error = 1;
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-version")==0 ){
      printf("%s %s\n", sqlite3_libversion(), sqlite3_sourceid());
      return 0;
................................................................................
      printf(
        "SQLite version %s %.19s\n" /*extra-version-info*/
        "Enter \".help\" for usage hints.\n",
        sqlite3_libversion(), sqlite3_sourceid()
      );
      if( warnInmemoryDb ){
        printf("Connected to a ");
        printBold("transient in-memory database");
        printf(".\nUse \".open FILENAME\" to reopen on a "
               "persistent database.\n");
      }
      zHome = find_home_dir();
      if( zHome ){
        nHistory = strlen30(zHome) + 20;
        if( (zHistory = malloc(nHistory))!=0 ){
          sqlite3_snprintf(nHistory, zHistory,"%s/.sqlite_history", zHome);

Changes to src/sqlite.h.in.

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#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_OPTIMIZATIONS           15
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ISKEYWORD               16
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_SCRATCHMALLOC           17
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_LOCALTIME_FAULT         18
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_EXPLAIN_STMT            19
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_NEVER_CORRUPT           20
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_VDBE_COVERAGE           21

#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_LAST                    21

/*
** CAPI3REF: SQLite Runtime Status
**
** ^This interface is used to retrieve runtime status information
** about the performance of SQLite, and optionally to reset various
** highwater marks.  ^The first argument is an integer code for







>
|







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#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_OPTIMIZATIONS           15
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ISKEYWORD               16
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_SCRATCHMALLOC           17
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_LOCALTIME_FAULT         18
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_EXPLAIN_STMT            19
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_NEVER_CORRUPT           20
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_VDBE_COVERAGE           21
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_BYTEORDER               22
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_LAST                    22

/*
** CAPI3REF: SQLite Runtime Status
**
** ^This interface is used to retrieve runtime status information
** about the performance of SQLite, and optionally to reset various
** highwater marks.  ^The first argument is an integer code for

Changes to src/sqliteInt.h.

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# define _LARGE_FILE       1
# ifndef _FILE_OFFSET_BITS
#   define _FILE_OFFSET_BITS 64
# endif
# define _LARGEFILE_SOURCE 1
#endif

































/* The public SQLite interface.  The _FILE_OFFSET_BITS macro must appear
** first in QNX.

*/
#include "sqlite3.h"

/*
** Include the configuration header output by 'configure' if we're using the
** autoconf-based build
*/
................................................................................

/*
** Estimated quantities used for query planning are stored as 16-bit
** logarithms.  For quantity X, the value stored is 10*log2(X).  This
** gives a possible range of values of approximately 1.0e986 to 1e-986.
** But the allowed values are "grainy".  Not every value is representable.
** For example, quantities 16 and 17 are both represented by a LogEst
** of 40.  However, since LogEst quantatites are suppose to be estimates,
** not exact values, this imprecision is not a problem.
**
** "LogEst" is short for "Logarithimic Estimate".
**
** Examples:
**      1 -> 0              20 -> 43          10000 -> 132
**      2 -> 10             25 -> 46          25000 -> 146
**      3 -> 16            100 -> 66        1000000 -> 199
**      4 -> 20           1000 -> 99        1048576 -> 200
**     10 -> 33           1024 -> 100    4294967296 -> 320
................................................................................
**
**    0.5 -> -10           0.1 -> -33        0.0625 -> -40
*/
typedef INT16_TYPE LogEst;

/*
** Macros to determine whether the machine is big or little endian,





** evaluated at runtime.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_AMALGAMATION
const int sqlite3one = 1;
#else
extern const int sqlite3one;
#endif
#if defined(i386) || defined(__i386__) || defined(_M_IX86)\
                             || defined(__x86_64) || defined(__x86_64__)



# define SQLITE_BIGENDIAN    0
# define SQLITE_LITTLEENDIAN 1
# define SQLITE_UTF16NATIVE  SQLITE_UTF16LE
#else









# define SQLITE_BIGENDIAN    (*(char *)(&sqlite3one)==0)
# define SQLITE_LITTLEENDIAN (*(char *)(&sqlite3one)==1)
# define SQLITE_UTF16NATIVE (SQLITE_BIGENDIAN?SQLITE_UTF16BE:SQLITE_UTF16LE)
#endif

/*
** Constants for the largest and smallest possible 64-bit signed integers.
** These macros are designed to work correctly on both 32-bit and 64-bit
** compilers.
*/
................................................................................
  Index *pIndex;       /* List of SQL indexes on this table. */
  Select *pSelect;     /* NULL for tables.  Points to definition if a view. */
  FKey *pFKey;         /* Linked list of all foreign keys in this table */
  char *zColAff;       /* String defining the affinity of each column */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK
  ExprList *pCheck;    /* All CHECK constraints */
#endif
  tRowcnt nRowEst;     /* Estimated rows in table - from sqlite_stat1 table */
  int tnum;            /* Root BTree node for this table (see note above) */
  i16 iPKey;           /* If not negative, use aCol[iPKey] as the primary key */
  i16 nCol;            /* Number of columns in this table */
  u16 nRef;            /* Number of pointers to this Table */
  LogEst szTabRow;     /* Estimated size of each table row in bytes */
  u8 tabFlags;         /* Mask of TF_* values */
  u8 keyConf;          /* What to do in case of uniqueness conflict on iPKey */
................................................................................
** Records are used to store the content of a table row and to store
** the key of an index.  A blob encoding of a record is created by
** the OP_MakeRecord opcode of the VDBE and is disassembled by the
** OP_Column opcode.
**
** This structure holds a record that has already been disassembled
** into its constituent fields.



*/
struct UnpackedRecord {
  KeyInfo *pKeyInfo;  /* Collation and sort-order information */
  u16 nField;         /* Number of entries in apMem[] */
  u8 flags;           /* Boolean settings.  UNPACKED_... below */

  Mem *aMem;          /* Values */


};

/*
** Allowed values of UnpackedRecord.flags
*/
#define UNPACKED_INCRKEY       0x01  /* Make this key an epsilon larger */
#define UNPACKED_PREFIX_MATCH  0x02  /* A prefix match is considered OK */

/*
** Each SQL index is represented in memory by an
** instance of the following structure.
**
** The columns of the table that are to be indexed are described
** by the aiColumn[] field of this structure.  For example, suppose
................................................................................
** and the value of Index.onError indicate the which conflict resolution 
** algorithm to employ whenever an attempt is made to insert a non-unique
** element.
*/
struct Index {
  char *zName;             /* Name of this index */
  i16 *aiColumn;           /* Which columns are used by this index.  1st is 0 */
  tRowcnt *aiRowEst;       /* From ANALYZE: Est. rows selected by each column */
  Table *pTable;           /* The SQL table being indexed */
  char *zColAff;           /* String defining the affinity of each column */
  Index *pNext;            /* The next index associated with the same table */
  Schema *pSchema;         /* Schema containing this index */
  u8 *aSortOrder;          /* for each column: True==DESC, False==ASC */
  char **azColl;           /* Array of collation sequence names for index */
  Expr *pPartIdxWhere;     /* WHERE clause for partial indices */
................................................................................
#define EP_Agg       0x000002 /* Contains one or more aggregate functions */
#define EP_Resolved  0x000004 /* IDs have been resolved to COLUMNs */
#define EP_Error     0x000008 /* Expression contains one or more errors */
#define EP_Distinct  0x000010 /* Aggregate function with DISTINCT keyword */
#define EP_VarSelect 0x000020 /* pSelect is correlated, not constant */
#define EP_DblQuoted 0x000040 /* token.z was originally in "..." */
#define EP_InfixFunc 0x000080 /* True for an infix function: LIKE, GLOB, etc */
#define EP_Collate   0x000100 /* Tree contains a TK_COLLATE opeartor */
      /* unused      0x000200 */
#define EP_IntValue  0x000400 /* Integer value contained in u.iValue */
#define EP_xIsSelect 0x000800 /* x.pSelect is valid (otherwise x.pList is) */
#define EP_Skip      0x001000 /* COLLATE, AS, or UNLIKELY */
#define EP_Reduced   0x002000 /* Expr struct EXPR_REDUCEDSIZE bytes only */
#define EP_TokenOnly 0x004000 /* Expr struct EXPR_TOKENONLYSIZE bytes only */
#define EP_Static    0x008000 /* Held in memory not obtained from malloc() */
#define EP_MemToken  0x010000 /* Need to sqlite3DbFree() Expr.zToken */
................................................................................
** column expression as it exists in a SELECT statement.  However, if
** the bSpanIsTab flag is set, then zSpan is overloaded to mean the name
** of the result column in the form: DATABASE.TABLE.COLUMN.  This later
** form is used for name resolution with nested FROM clauses.
*/
struct ExprList {
  int nExpr;             /* Number of expressions on the list */
  int iECursor;          /* VDBE Cursor associated with this ExprList */
  struct ExprList_item { /* For each expression in the list */
    Expr *pExpr;            /* The list of expressions */
    char *zName;            /* Token associated with this expression */
    char *zSpan;            /* Original text of the expression */
    u8 sortOrder;           /* 1 for DESC or 0 for ASC */
    unsigned done :1;       /* A flag to indicate when processing is finished */
    unsigned bSpanIsTab :1; /* zSpan holds DB.TABLE.COLUMN */
................................................................................
** But sqlite3SrcListShiftJoinType() later shifts the jointypes so that each
** jointype expresses the join between the table and the previous table.
**
** In the colUsed field, the high-order bit (bit 63) is set if the table
** contains more than 63 columns and the 64-th or later column is used.
*/
struct SrcList {
  u8 nSrc;        /* Number of tables or subqueries in the FROM clause */
  u8 nAlloc;      /* Number of entries allocated in a[] below */
  struct SrcList_item {
    Schema *pSchema;  /* Schema to which this item is fixed */
    char *zDatabase;  /* Name of database holding this table */
    char *zName;      /* Name of the table */
    char *zAlias;     /* The "B" part of a "A AS B" phrase.  zName is the "A" */
    Table *pTab;      /* An SQL table corresponding to zName */
    Select *pSelect;  /* A SELECT statement used in place of a table name */
................................................................................
#define WHERE_OMIT_OPEN_CLOSE  0x0010 /* Table cursors are already open */
#define WHERE_FORCE_TABLE      0x0020 /* Do not use an index-only search */
#define WHERE_ONETABLE_ONLY    0x0040 /* Only code the 1st table in pTabList */
#define WHERE_AND_ONLY         0x0080 /* Don't use indices for OR terms */
#define WHERE_GROUPBY          0x0100 /* pOrderBy is really a GROUP BY */
#define WHERE_DISTINCTBY       0x0200 /* pOrderby is really a DISTINCT clause */
#define WHERE_WANT_DISTINCT    0x0400 /* All output needs to be distinct */


/* Allowed return values from sqlite3WhereIsDistinct()
*/
#define WHERE_DISTINCT_NOOP      0  /* DISTINCT keyword not used */
#define WHERE_DISTINCT_UNIQUE    1  /* No duplicates */
#define WHERE_DISTINCT_ORDERED   2  /* All duplicates are adjacent */
#define WHERE_DISTINCT_UNORDERED 3  /* Duplicates are scattered */
................................................................................
** sequences for the ORDER BY clause.
*/
struct Select {
  ExprList *pEList;      /* The fields of the result */
  u8 op;                 /* One of: TK_UNION TK_ALL TK_INTERSECT TK_EXCEPT */
  u16 selFlags;          /* Various SF_* values */
  int iLimit, iOffset;   /* Memory registers holding LIMIT & OFFSET counters */
  int addrOpenEphm[3];   /* OP_OpenEphem opcodes related to this select */
  u64 nSelectRow;        /* Estimated number of result rows */
  SrcList *pSrc;         /* The FROM clause */
  Expr *pWhere;          /* The WHERE clause */
  ExprList *pGroupBy;    /* The GROUP BY clause */
  Expr *pHaving;         /* The HAVING clause */
  ExprList *pOrderBy;    /* The ORDER BY clause */
  Select *pPrior;        /* Prior select in a compound select statement */
................................................................................
*/
#define SF_Distinct        0x0001  /* Output should be DISTINCT */
#define SF_Resolved        0x0002  /* Identifiers have been resolved */
#define SF_Aggregate       0x0004  /* Contains aggregate functions */
#define SF_UsesEphemeral   0x0008  /* Uses the OpenEphemeral opcode */
#define SF_Expanded        0x0010  /* sqlite3SelectExpand() called on this */
#define SF_HasTypeInfo     0x0020  /* FROM subqueries have Table metadata */
#define SF_UseSorter       0x0040  /* Sort using a sorter */
#define SF_Values          0x0080  /* Synthesized from VALUES clause */
#define SF_Materialize     0x0100  /* NOT USED */
#define SF_NestedFrom      0x0200  /* Part of a parenthesized FROM clause */
#define SF_MaybeConvert    0x0400  /* Need convertCompoundSelectToSubquery() */
#define SF_Recursive       0x0800  /* The recursive part of a recursive CTE */
#define SF_Compound        0x1000  /* Part of a compound query */


/*
................................................................................
**     SRT_Coroutine   Generate a co-routine that returns a new row of
**                     results each time it is invoked.  The entry point
**                     of the co-routine is stored in register pDest->iSDParm
**                     and the result row is stored in pDest->nDest registers
**                     starting with pDest->iSdst.
**
**     SRT_Table       Store results in temporary table pDest->iSDParm.
**                     This is like SRT_EphemTab except that the table
**                     is assumed to already be open.


**
**     SRT_DistTable   Store results in a temporary table pDest->iSDParm.
**                     But also use temporary table pDest->iSDParm+1 as
**                     a record of all prior results and ignore any duplicate
**                     rows.  Name means:  "Distinct Table".
**
**     SRT_Queue       Store results in priority queue pDest->iSDParm (really
**                     an index).  Append a sequence number so that all entries
**                     are distinct.
**
**     SRT_DistQueue   Store results in priority queue pDest->iSDParm only if
**                     the same record has never been stored before.  The
**                     index at pDest->iSDParm+1 hold all prior stores.
*/
#define SRT_Union        1  /* Store result as keys in an index */
#define SRT_Except       2  /* Remove result from a UNION index */
#define SRT_Exists       3  /* Store 1 if the result is not empty */
#define SRT_Discard      4  /* Do not save the results anywhere */





/* The ORDER BY clause is ignored for all of the above */
#define IgnorableOrderby(X) ((X->eDest)<=SRT_Discard)

#define SRT_Output       5  /* Output each row of result */
#define SRT_Mem          6  /* Store result in a memory cell */
#define SRT_Set          7  /* Store results as keys in an index */
#define SRT_EphemTab     8  /* Create transient tab and store like SRT_Table */
#define SRT_Coroutine    9  /* Generate a single row of result */
#define SRT_Table       10  /* Store result as data with an automatic rowid */
#define SRT_DistTable   11  /* Like SRT_Table, but unique results only */
#define SRT_Queue       12  /* Store result in an queue */
#define SRT_DistQueue   13  /* Like SRT_Queue, but unique results only */

/*
** An instance of this object describes where to put of the results of
** a SELECT statement.
*/
struct SelectDest {
  u8 eDest;            /* How to dispose of the results.  On of SRT_* above. */
................................................................................
  char *zErrMsg;       /* An error message */
  Vdbe *pVdbe;         /* An engine for executing database bytecode */
  int rc;              /* Return code from execution */
  u8 colNamesSet;      /* TRUE after OP_ColumnName has been issued to pVdbe */
  u8 checkSchema;      /* Causes schema cookie check after an error */
  u8 nested;           /* Number of nested calls to the parser/code generator */
  u8 nTempReg;         /* Number of temporary registers in aTempReg[] */
  u8 nColCache;        /* Number of entries in aColCache[] */
  u8 iColCache;        /* Next entry in aColCache[] to replace */
  u8 isMultiWrite;     /* True if statement may modify/insert multiple rows */
  u8 mayAbort;         /* True if statement may throw an ABORT exception */
  u8 hasCompound;      /* Need to invoke convertCompoundSelectToSubquery() */
  u8 okConstFactor;    /* OK to factor out constants */
  int aTempReg[8];     /* Holding area for temporary registers */
  int nRangeReg;       /* Size of the temporary register block */
  int iRangeReg;       /* First register in temporary register block */
................................................................................
void sqlite3BitvecDestroy(Bitvec*);
u32 sqlite3BitvecSize(Bitvec*);
int sqlite3BitvecBuiltinTest(int,int*);

RowSet *sqlite3RowSetInit(sqlite3*, void*, unsigned int);
void sqlite3RowSetClear(RowSet*);
void sqlite3RowSetInsert(RowSet*, i64);
int sqlite3RowSetTest(RowSet*, u8 iBatch, i64);
int sqlite3RowSetNext(RowSet*, i64*);

void sqlite3CreateView(Parse*,Token*,Token*,Token*,Select*,int,int);

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE)
  int sqlite3ViewGetColumnNames(Parse*,Table*);
#else
................................................................................
void sqlite3DeleteFrom(Parse*, SrcList*, Expr*);
void sqlite3Update(Parse*, SrcList*, ExprList*, Expr*, int);
WhereInfo *sqlite3WhereBegin(Parse*,SrcList*,Expr*,ExprList*,ExprList*,u16,int);
void sqlite3WhereEnd(WhereInfo*);
u64 sqlite3WhereOutputRowCount(WhereInfo*);
int sqlite3WhereIsDistinct(WhereInfo*);
int sqlite3WhereIsOrdered(WhereInfo*);

int sqlite3WhereContinueLabel(WhereInfo*);
int sqlite3WhereBreakLabel(WhereInfo*);
int sqlite3WhereOkOnePass(WhereInfo*, int*);
int sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumn(Parse*, Table*, int, int, int, u8);
void sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(Vdbe*, Table*, int, int, int);
void sqlite3ExprCodeMove(Parse*, int, int, int);
void sqlite3ExprCacheStore(Parse*, int, int, int);
void sqlite3ExprCachePush(Parse*);
void sqlite3ExprCachePop(Parse*, int);
void sqlite3ExprCacheRemove(Parse*, int, int);
void sqlite3ExprCacheClear(Parse*);
void sqlite3ExprCacheAffinityChange(Parse*, int, int);
void sqlite3ExprCode(Parse*, Expr*, int);
void sqlite3ExprCodeFactorable(Parse*, Expr*, int);
void sqlite3ExprCodeAtInit(Parse*, Expr*, int, u8);
int sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(Parse*, Expr*, int*);
................................................................................
int sqlite3ExprIsInteger(Expr*, int*);
int sqlite3ExprCanBeNull(const Expr*);
int sqlite3ExprNeedsNoAffinityChange(const Expr*, char);
int sqlite3IsRowid(const char*);
void sqlite3GenerateRowDelete(Parse*,Table*,Trigger*,int,int,int,i16,u8,u8,u8);
void sqlite3GenerateRowIndexDelete(Parse*, Table*, int, int, int*);
int sqlite3GenerateIndexKey(Parse*, Index*, int, int, int, int*,Index*,int);

void sqlite3GenerateConstraintChecks(Parse*,Table*,int*,int,int,int,int,
                                     u8,u8,int,int*);
void sqlite3CompleteInsertion(Parse*,Table*,int,int,int,int*,int,int,int);
int sqlite3OpenTableAndIndices(Parse*, Table*, int, int, u8*, int*, int*);
void sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(Parse*, int, int);
void sqlite3MultiWrite(Parse*);
void sqlite3MayAbort(Parse*);
................................................................................
#endif

const char *sqlite3ErrStr(int);
int sqlite3ReadSchema(Parse *pParse);
CollSeq *sqlite3FindCollSeq(sqlite3*,u8 enc, const char*,int);
CollSeq *sqlite3LocateCollSeq(Parse *pParse, const char*zName);
CollSeq *sqlite3ExprCollSeq(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr);
Expr *sqlite3ExprAddCollateToken(Parse *pParse, Expr*, Token*);
Expr *sqlite3ExprAddCollateString(Parse*,Expr*,const char*);
Expr *sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(Expr*);
int sqlite3CheckCollSeq(Parse *, CollSeq *);
int sqlite3CheckObjectName(Parse *, const char *);
void sqlite3VdbeSetChanges(sqlite3 *, int);
int sqlite3AddInt64(i64*,i64);
int sqlite3SubInt64(i64*,i64);







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# define _LARGE_FILE       1
# ifndef _FILE_OFFSET_BITS
#   define _FILE_OFFSET_BITS 64
# endif
# define _LARGEFILE_SOURCE 1
#endif

/*
** For MinGW, check to see if we can include the header file containing its
** version information, among other things.  Normally, this internal MinGW
** header file would [only] be included automatically by other MinGW header
** files; however, the contained version information is now required by this
** header file to work around binary compatibility issues (see below) and
** this is the only known way to reliably obtain it.  This entire #if block
** would be completely unnecessary if there was any other way of detecting
** MinGW via their preprocessor (e.g. if they customized their GCC to define
** some MinGW-specific macros).  When compiling for MinGW, either the
** _HAVE_MINGW_H or _HAVE__MINGW_H (note the extra underscore) macro must be
** defined; otherwise, detection of conditions specific to MinGW will be
** disabled.
*/
#if defined(_HAVE_MINGW_H)
# include "mingw.h"
#elif defined(_HAVE__MINGW_H)
# include "_mingw.h"
#endif

/*
** For MinGW version 4.x (and higher), check to see if the _USE_32BIT_TIME_T
** define is required to maintain binary compatibility with the MSVC runtime
** library in use (e.g. for Windows XP).
*/
#if !defined(_USE_32BIT_TIME_T) && !defined(_USE_64BIT_TIME_T) && \
    defined(_WIN32) && !defined(_WIN64) && \
    defined(__MINGW_MAJOR_VERSION) && __MINGW_MAJOR_VERSION >= 4 && \
    defined(__MSVCRT__)
# define _USE_32BIT_TIME_T
#endif

/* The public SQLite interface.  The _FILE_OFFSET_BITS macro must appear
** first in QNX.  Also, the _USE_32BIT_TIME_T macro must appear first for
** MinGW.
*/
#include "sqlite3.h"

/*
** Include the configuration header output by 'configure' if we're using the
** autoconf-based build
*/
................................................................................

/*
** Estimated quantities used for query planning are stored as 16-bit
** logarithms.  For quantity X, the value stored is 10*log2(X).  This
** gives a possible range of values of approximately 1.0e986 to 1e-986.
** But the allowed values are "grainy".  Not every value is representable.
** For example, quantities 16 and 17 are both represented by a LogEst
** of 40.  However, since LogEst quantaties are suppose to be estimates,
** not exact values, this imprecision is not a problem.
**
** "LogEst" is short for "Logarithmic Estimate".
**
** Examples:
**      1 -> 0              20 -> 43          10000 -> 132
**      2 -> 10             25 -> 46          25000 -> 146
**      3 -> 16            100 -> 66        1000000 -> 199
**      4 -> 20           1000 -> 99        1048576 -> 200
**     10 -> 33           1024 -> 100    4294967296 -> 320
................................................................................
**
**    0.5 -> -10           0.1 -> -33        0.0625 -> -40
*/
typedef INT16_TYPE LogEst;

/*
** Macros to determine whether the machine is big or little endian,
** and whether or not that determination is run-time or compile-time.
**
** For best performance, an attempt is made to guess at the byte-order
** using C-preprocessor macros.  If that is unsuccessful, or if
** -DSQLITE_RUNTIME_BYTEORDER=1 is set, then byte-order is determined
** at run-time.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_AMALGAMATION
const int sqlite3one = 1;
#else
extern const int sqlite3one;
#endif
#if (defined(i386)     || defined(__i386__)   || defined(_M_IX86) ||    \
     defined(__x86_64) || defined(__x86_64__) || defined(_M_X64)  ||    \
     defined(_M_AMD64) || defined(_M_ARM)     || defined(__x86)   ||    \
     defined(__arm__)) && !defined(SQLITE_RUNTIME_BYTEORDER)
# define SQLITE_BYTEORDER    1234
# define SQLITE_BIGENDIAN    0
# define SQLITE_LITTLEENDIAN 1
# define SQLITE_UTF16NATIVE  SQLITE_UTF16LE
#endif
#if (defined(sparc)    || defined(__ppc__))  \
    && !defined(SQLITE_RUNTIME_BYTEORDER)
# define SQLITE_BYTEORDER    4321
# define SQLITE_BIGENDIAN    1
# define SQLITE_LITTLEENDIAN 0
# define SQLITE_UTF16NATIVE  SQLITE_UTF16BE
#endif
#if !defined(SQLITE_BYTEORDER)
# define SQLITE_BYTEORDER    0     /* 0 means "unknown at compile-time" */
# define SQLITE_BIGENDIAN    (*(char *)(&sqlite3one)==0)
# define SQLITE_LITTLEENDIAN (*(char *)(&sqlite3one)==1)
# define SQLITE_UTF16NATIVE  (SQLITE_BIGENDIAN?SQLITE_UTF16BE:SQLITE_UTF16LE)
#endif

/*
** Constants for the largest and smallest possible 64-bit signed integers.
** These macros are designed to work correctly on both 32-bit and 64-bit
** compilers.
*/
................................................................................
  Index *pIndex;       /* List of SQL indexes on this table. */
  Select *pSelect;     /* NULL for tables.  Points to definition if a view. */
  FKey *pFKey;         /* Linked list of all foreign keys in this table */
  char *zColAff;       /* String defining the affinity of each column */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK
  ExprList *pCheck;    /* All CHECK constraints */
#endif
  LogEst nRowLogEst;   /* Estimated rows in table - from sqlite_stat1 table */
  int tnum;            /* Root BTree node for this table (see note above) */
  i16 iPKey;           /* If not negative, use aCol[iPKey] as the primary key */
  i16 nCol;            /* Number of columns in this table */
  u16 nRef;            /* Number of pointers to this Table */
  LogEst szTabRow;     /* Estimated size of each table row in bytes */
  u8 tabFlags;         /* Mask of TF_* values */
  u8 keyConf;          /* What to do in case of uniqueness conflict on iPKey */
................................................................................
** Records are used to store the content of a table row and to store
** the key of an index.  A blob encoding of a record is created by
** the OP_MakeRecord opcode of the VDBE and is disassembled by the
** OP_Column opcode.
**
** This structure holds a record that has already been disassembled
** into its constituent fields.
**
** The r1 and r2 member variables are only used by the optimized comparison
** functions vdbeRecordCompareInt() and vdbeRecordCompareString().
*/
struct UnpackedRecord {
  KeyInfo *pKeyInfo;  /* Collation and sort-order information */
  u16 nField;         /* Number of entries in apMem[] */
  i8 default_rc;      /* Comparison result if keys are equal */
  u8 isCorrupt;       /* Corruption detected by xRecordCompare() */
  Mem *aMem;          /* Values */
  int r1;             /* Value to return if (lhs > rhs) */
  int r2;             /* Value to return if (rhs < lhs) */
};







/*
** Each SQL index is represented in memory by an
** instance of the following structure.
**
** The columns of the table that are to be indexed are described
** by the aiColumn[] field of this structure.  For example, suppose
................................................................................
** and the value of Index.onError indicate the which conflict resolution 
** algorithm to employ whenever an attempt is made to insert a non-unique
** element.
*/
struct Index {
  char *zName;             /* Name of this index */
  i16 *aiColumn;           /* Which columns are used by this index.  1st is 0 */
  LogEst *aiRowLogEst;     /* From ANALYZE: Est. rows selected by each column */
  Table *pTable;           /* The SQL table being indexed */
  char *zColAff;           /* String defining the affinity of each column */
  Index *pNext;            /* The next index associated with the same table */
  Schema *pSchema;         /* Schema containing this index */
  u8 *aSortOrder;          /* for each column: True==DESC, False==ASC */
  char **azColl;           /* Array of collation sequence names for index */
  Expr *pPartIdxWhere;     /* WHERE clause for partial indices */
................................................................................
#define EP_Agg       0x000002 /* Contains one or more aggregate functions */
#define EP_Resolved  0x000004 /* IDs have been resolved to COLUMNs */
#define EP_Error     0x000008 /* Expression contains one or more errors */
#define EP_Distinct  0x000010 /* Aggregate function with DISTINCT keyword */
#define EP_VarSelect 0x000020 /* pSelect is correlated, not constant */
#define EP_DblQuoted 0x000040 /* token.z was originally in "..." */
#define EP_InfixFunc 0x000080 /* True for an infix function: LIKE, GLOB, etc */
#define EP_Collate   0x000100 /* Tree contains a TK_COLLATE operator */
#define EP_Generic   0x000200 /* Ignore COLLATE or affinity on this tree */
#define EP_IntValue  0x000400 /* Integer value contained in u.iValue */
#define EP_xIsSelect 0x000800 /* x.pSelect is valid (otherwise x.pList is) */
#define EP_Skip      0x001000 /* COLLATE, AS, or UNLIKELY */
#define EP_Reduced   0x002000 /* Expr struct EXPR_REDUCEDSIZE bytes only */
#define EP_TokenOnly 0x004000 /* Expr struct EXPR_TOKENONLYSIZE bytes only */
#define EP_Static    0x008000 /* Held in memory not obtained from malloc() */
#define EP_MemToken  0x010000 /* Need to sqlite3DbFree() Expr.zToken */
................................................................................
** column expression as it exists in a SELECT statement.  However, if
** the bSpanIsTab flag is set, then zSpan is overloaded to mean the name
** of the result column in the form: DATABASE.TABLE.COLUMN.  This later
** form is used for name resolution with nested FROM clauses.
*/
struct ExprList {
  int nExpr;             /* Number of expressions on the list */

  struct ExprList_item { /* For each expression in the list */
    Expr *pExpr;            /* The list of expressions */
    char *zName;            /* Token associated with this expression */
    char *zSpan;            /* Original text of the expression */
    u8 sortOrder;           /* 1 for DESC or 0 for ASC */
    unsigned done :1;       /* A flag to indicate when processing is finished */
    unsigned bSpanIsTab :1; /* zSpan holds DB.TABLE.COLUMN */
................................................................................
** But sqlite3SrcListShiftJoinType() later shifts the jointypes so that each
** jointype expresses the join between the table and the previous table.
**
** In the colUsed field, the high-order bit (bit 63) is set if the table
** contains more than 63 columns and the 64-th or later column is used.
*/
struct SrcList {
  int nSrc;        /* Number of tables or subqueries in the FROM clause */
  u32 nAlloc;      /* Number of entries allocated in a[] below */
  struct SrcList_item {
    Schema *pSchema;  /* Schema to which this item is fixed */
    char *zDatabase;  /* Name of database holding this table */
    char *zName;      /* Name of the table */
    char *zAlias;     /* The "B" part of a "A AS B" phrase.  zName is the "A" */
    Table *pTab;      /* An SQL table corresponding to zName */
    Select *pSelect;  /* A SELECT statement used in place of a table name */
................................................................................
#define WHERE_OMIT_OPEN_CLOSE  0x0010 /* Table cursors are already open */
#define WHERE_FORCE_TABLE      0x0020 /* Do not use an index-only search */
#define WHERE_ONETABLE_ONLY    0x0040 /* Only code the 1st table in pTabList */
#define WHERE_AND_ONLY         0x0080 /* Don't use indices for OR terms */
#define WHERE_GROUPBY          0x0100 /* pOrderBy is really a GROUP BY */
#define WHERE_DISTINCTBY       0x0200 /* pOrderby is really a DISTINCT clause */
#define WHERE_WANT_DISTINCT    0x0400 /* All output needs to be distinct */
#define WHERE_SORTBYGROUP      0x0800 /* Support sqlite3WhereIsSorted() */

/* Allowed return values from sqlite3WhereIsDistinct()
*/
#define WHERE_DISTINCT_NOOP      0  /* DISTINCT keyword not used */
#define WHERE_DISTINCT_UNIQUE    1  /* No duplicates */
#define WHERE_DISTINCT_ORDERED   2  /* All duplicates are adjacent */
#define WHERE_DISTINCT_UNORDERED 3  /* Duplicates are scattered */
................................................................................
** sequences for the ORDER BY clause.
*/
struct Select {
  ExprList *pEList;      /* The fields of the result */
  u8 op;                 /* One of: TK_UNION TK_ALL TK_INTERSECT TK_EXCEPT */
  u16 selFlags;          /* Various SF_* values */
  int iLimit, iOffset;   /* Memory registers holding LIMIT & OFFSET counters */
  int addrOpenEphm[2];   /* OP_OpenEphem opcodes related to this select */
  u64 nSelectRow;        /* Estimated number of result rows */
  SrcList *pSrc;         /* The FROM clause */
  Expr *pWhere;          /* The WHERE clause */
  ExprList *pGroupBy;    /* The GROUP BY clause */
  Expr *pHaving;         /* The HAVING clause */
  ExprList *pOrderBy;    /* The ORDER BY clause */
  Select *pPrior;        /* Prior select in a compound select statement */
................................................................................
*/
#define SF_Distinct        0x0001  /* Output should be DISTINCT */
#define SF_Resolved        0x0002  /* Identifiers have been resolved */
#define SF_Aggregate       0x0004  /* Contains aggregate functions */
#define SF_UsesEphemeral   0x0008  /* Uses the OpenEphemeral opcode */
#define SF_Expanded        0x0010  /* sqlite3SelectExpand() called on this */
#define SF_HasTypeInfo     0x0020  /* FROM subqueries have Table metadata */
                    /*     0x0040  NOT USED */
#define SF_Values          0x0080  /* Synthesized from VALUES clause */
                    /*     0x0100  NOT USED */
#define SF_NestedFrom      0x0200  /* Part of a parenthesized FROM clause */
#define SF_MaybeConvert    0x0400  /* Need convertCompoundSelectToSubquery() */
#define SF_Recursive       0x0800  /* The recursive part of a recursive CTE */
#define SF_Compound        0x1000  /* Part of a compound query */


/*
................................................................................
**     SRT_Coroutine   Generate a co-routine that returns a new row of
**                     results each time it is invoked.  The entry point
**                     of the co-routine is stored in register pDest->iSDParm
**                     and the result row is stored in pDest->nDest registers
**                     starting with pDest->iSdst.
**
**     SRT_Table       Store results in temporary table pDest->iSDParm.
**     SRT_Fifo        This is like SRT_EphemTab except that the table
**                     is assumed to already be open.  SRT_Fifo has
**                     the additional property of being able to ignore
**                     the ORDER BY clause.
**
**     SRT_DistFifo    Store results in a temporary table pDest->iSDParm.
**                     But also use temporary table pDest->iSDParm+1 as
**                     a record of all prior results and ignore any duplicate
**                     rows.  Name means:  "Distinct Fifo".
**
**     SRT_Queue       Store results in priority queue pDest->iSDParm (really
**                     an index).  Append a sequence number so that all entries
**                     are distinct.
**
**     SRT_DistQueue   Store results in priority queue pDest->iSDParm only if
**                     the same record has never been stored before.  The
**                     index at pDest->iSDParm+1 hold all prior stores.
*/
#define SRT_Union        1  /* Store result as keys in an index */
#define SRT_Except       2  /* Remove result from a UNION index */
#define SRT_Exists       3  /* Store 1 if the result is not empty */
#define SRT_Discard      4  /* Do not save the results anywhere */
#define SRT_Fifo         5  /* Store result as data with an automatic rowid */
#define SRT_DistFifo     6  /* Like SRT_Fifo, but unique results only */
#define SRT_Queue        7  /* Store result in an queue */
#define SRT_DistQueue    8  /* Like SRT_Queue, but unique results only */

/* The ORDER BY clause is ignored for all of the above */
#define IgnorableOrderby(X) ((X->eDest)<=SRT_DistQueue)

#define SRT_Output       9  /* Output each row of result */
#define SRT_Mem         10  /* Store result in a memory cell */
#define SRT_Set         11  /* Store results as keys in an index */
#define SRT_EphemTab    12  /* Create transient tab and store like SRT_Table */
#define SRT_Coroutine   13  /* Generate a single row of result */
#define SRT_Table       14  /* Store result as data with an automatic rowid */




/*
** An instance of this object describes where to put of the results of
** a SELECT statement.
*/
struct SelectDest {
  u8 eDest;            /* How to dispose of the results.  On of SRT_* above. */
................................................................................
  char *zErrMsg;       /* An error message */
  Vdbe *pVdbe;         /* An engine for executing database bytecode */
  int rc;              /* Return code from execution */
  u8 colNamesSet;      /* TRUE after OP_ColumnName has been issued to pVdbe */
  u8 checkSchema;      /* Causes schema cookie check after an error */
  u8 nested;           /* Number of nested calls to the parser/code generator */
  u8 nTempReg;         /* Number of temporary registers in aTempReg[] */


  u8 isMultiWrite;     /* True if statement may modify/insert multiple rows */
  u8 mayAbort;         /* True if statement may throw an ABORT exception */
  u8 hasCompound;      /* Need to invoke convertCompoundSelectToSubquery() */
  u8 okConstFactor;    /* OK to factor out constants */
  int aTempReg[8];     /* Holding area for temporary registers */
  int nRangeReg;       /* Size of the temporary register block */
  int iRangeReg;       /* First register in temporary register block */
................................................................................
void sqlite3BitvecDestroy(Bitvec*);
u32 sqlite3BitvecSize(Bitvec*);
int sqlite3BitvecBuiltinTest(int,int*);

RowSet *sqlite3RowSetInit(sqlite3*, void*, unsigned int);
void sqlite3RowSetClear(RowSet*);
void sqlite3RowSetInsert(RowSet*, i64);
int sqlite3RowSetTest(RowSet*, int iBatch, i64);
int sqlite3RowSetNext(RowSet*, i64*);

void sqlite3CreateView(Parse*,Token*,Token*,Token*,Select*,int,int);

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE)
  int sqlite3ViewGetColumnNames(Parse*,Table*);
#else
................................................................................
void sqlite3DeleteFrom(Parse*, SrcList*, Expr*);
void sqlite3Update(Parse*, SrcList*, ExprList*, Expr*, int);
WhereInfo *sqlite3WhereBegin(Parse*,SrcList*,Expr*,ExprList*,ExprList*,u16,int);
void sqlite3WhereEnd(WhereInfo*);
u64 sqlite3WhereOutputRowCount(WhereInfo*);
int sqlite3WhereIsDistinct(WhereInfo*);
int sqlite3WhereIsOrdered(WhereInfo*);
int sqlite3WhereIsSorted(WhereInfo*);
int sqlite3WhereContinueLabel(WhereInfo*);
int sqlite3WhereBreakLabel(WhereInfo*);
int sqlite3WhereOkOnePass(WhereInfo*, int*);
int sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumn(Parse*, Table*, int, int, int, u8);
void sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(Vdbe*, Table*, int, int, int);
void sqlite3ExprCodeMove(Parse*, int, int, int);
void sqlite3ExprCacheStore(Parse*, int, int, int);
void sqlite3ExprCachePush(Parse*);
void sqlite3ExprCachePop(Parse*);
void sqlite3ExprCacheRemove(Parse*, int, int);
void sqlite3ExprCacheClear(Parse*);
void sqlite3ExprCacheAffinityChange(Parse*, int, int);
void sqlite3ExprCode(Parse*, Expr*, int);
void sqlite3ExprCodeFactorable(Parse*, Expr*, int);
void sqlite3ExprCodeAtInit(Parse*, Expr*, int, u8);
int sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(Parse*, Expr*, int*);
................................................................................
int sqlite3ExprIsInteger(Expr*, int*);
int sqlite3ExprCanBeNull(const Expr*);
int sqlite3ExprNeedsNoAffinityChange(const Expr*, char);
int sqlite3IsRowid(const char*);
void sqlite3GenerateRowDelete(Parse*,Table*,Trigger*,int,int,int,i16,u8,u8,u8);
void sqlite3GenerateRowIndexDelete(Parse*, Table*, int, int, int*);
int sqlite3GenerateIndexKey(Parse*, Index*, int, int, int, int*,Index*,int);
void sqlite3ResolvePartIdxLabel(Parse*,int);
void sqlite3GenerateConstraintChecks(Parse*,Table*,int*,int,int,int,int,
                                     u8,u8,int,int*);
void sqlite3CompleteInsertion(Parse*,Table*,int,int,int,int*,int,int,int);
int sqlite3OpenTableAndIndices(Parse*, Table*, int, int, u8*, int*, int*);
void sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(Parse*, int, int);
void sqlite3MultiWrite(Parse*);
void sqlite3MayAbort(Parse*);
................................................................................
#endif

const char *sqlite3ErrStr(int);
int sqlite3ReadSchema(Parse *pParse);
CollSeq *sqlite3FindCollSeq(sqlite3*,u8 enc, const char*,int);
CollSeq *sqlite3LocateCollSeq(Parse *pParse, const char*zName);
CollSeq *sqlite3ExprCollSeq(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr);
Expr *sqlite3ExprAddCollateToken(Parse *pParse, Expr*, const Token*);
Expr *sqlite3ExprAddCollateString(Parse*,Expr*,const char*);
Expr *sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(Expr*);
int sqlite3CheckCollSeq(Parse *, CollSeq *);
int sqlite3CheckObjectName(Parse *, const char *);
void sqlite3VdbeSetChanges(sqlite3 *, int);
int sqlite3AddInt64(i64*,i64);
int sqlite3SubInt64(i64*,i64);

Changes to src/test5.c.

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  }

  if( Tcl_GetIntFromObj(interp, objv[1], &repeat_count) ) return TCL_ERROR;
  if( Tcl_GetIntFromObj(interp, objv[2], &do_calls) ) return TCL_ERROR;

  val.flags = MEM_Str|MEM_Term|MEM_Static;
  val.z = "hello world";
  val.memType = MEM_Str;
  val.enc = SQLITE_UTF8;

  for(i=0; i<repeat_count; i++){
    if( do_calls ){
      sqlite3_value_text(&val);
    }
  }







<







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  }

  if( Tcl_GetIntFromObj(interp, objv[1], &repeat_count) ) return TCL_ERROR;
  if( Tcl_GetIntFromObj(interp, objv[2], &do_calls) ) return TCL_ERROR;

  val.flags = MEM_Str|MEM_Term|MEM_Static;
  val.z = "hello world";

  val.enc = SQLITE_UTF8;

  for(i=0; i<repeat_count; i++){
    if( do_calls ){
      sqlite3_value_text(&val);
    }
  }

Changes to src/test_btree.c.

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*/
void sqlite3BtreeCursorList(Btree *p){
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  BtCursor *pCur;
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;
  for(pCur=pBt->pCursor; pCur; pCur=pCur->pNext){
    MemPage *pPage = pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage];
    char *zMode = pCur->wrFlag ? "rw" : "ro";
    sqlite3DebugPrintf("CURSOR %p rooted at %4d(%s) currently at %d.%d%s\n",
       pCur, pCur->pgnoRoot, zMode,
       pPage ? pPage->pgno : 0, pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage],
       (pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID) ? "" : " eof"
    );
  }
#endif
}







|








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*/
void sqlite3BtreeCursorList(Btree *p){
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  BtCursor *pCur;
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;
  for(pCur=pBt->pCursor; pCur; pCur=pCur->pNext){
    MemPage *pPage = pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage];
    char *zMode = (pCur->curFlags & BTCF_WriteFlag) ? "rw" : "ro";
    sqlite3DebugPrintf("CURSOR %p rooted at %4d(%s) currently at %d.%d%s\n",
       pCur, pCur->pgnoRoot, zMode,
       pPage ? pPage->pgno : 0, pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage],
       (pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID) ? "" : " eof"
    );
  }
#endif
}

Changes to src/test_func.c.

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    Mem mem;

    memset(&mem, 0, sizeof(mem));
    mem.db = db;
    mem.enc = ENC(db);
    pHdr += sqlite3GetVarint(pHdr, &iSerialType);
    pBody += sqlite3VdbeSerialGet(pBody, (u32)iSerialType, &mem);
    sqlite3VdbeMemStoreType(&mem);

    if( iCurrent==iIdx ){
      sqlite3_result_value(context, &mem);
    }

    sqlite3DbFree(db, mem.zMalloc);
  }
................................................................................

    memset(&mem, 0, sizeof(mem));
    mem.db = db;
    mem.enc = ENC(db);
    pHdr += sqlite3GetVarint(pHdr, &iSerialType);
    pBody += sqlite3VdbeSerialGet(pBody, (u32)iSerialType, &mem);

    sqlite3VdbeMemStoreType(&mem);
    switch( sqlite3_value_type(&mem) ){
      case SQLITE_TEXT:
        pVal = Tcl_NewStringObj((const char*)sqlite3_value_text(&mem), -1);
        break;

      case SQLITE_BLOB: {
        char hexdigit[] = {







<







 







<







495
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    Mem mem;

    memset(&mem, 0, sizeof(mem));
    mem.db = db;
    mem.enc = ENC(db);
    pHdr += sqlite3GetVarint(pHdr, &iSerialType);
    pBody += sqlite3VdbeSerialGet(pBody, (u32)iSerialType, &mem);


    if( iCurrent==iIdx ){
      sqlite3_result_value(context, &mem);
    }

    sqlite3DbFree(db, mem.zMalloc);
  }
................................................................................

    memset(&mem, 0, sizeof(mem));
    mem.db = db;
    mem.enc = ENC(db);
    pHdr += sqlite3GetVarint(pHdr, &iSerialType);
    pBody += sqlite3VdbeSerialGet(pBody, (u32)iSerialType, &mem);


    switch( sqlite3_value_type(&mem) ){
      case SQLITE_TEXT:
        pVal = Tcl_NewStringObj((const char*)sqlite3_value_text(&mem), -1);
        break;

      case SQLITE_BLOB: {
        char hexdigit[] = {

Changes to src/test_rtree.c.

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    double xmax;
    double ymin;
    double ymax;
  } aBox[2];
  double centerx;
  double centery;
  double radius;


};

/*
** Destructor function for Circle objects allocated by circle_geom().
*/
static void circle_del(void *p){
  sqlite3_free(p);
................................................................................

/*
** Implementation of "circle" r-tree geometry callback.
*/
static int circle_geom(
  sqlite3_rtree_geometry *p,
  int nCoord, 
#ifdef SQLITE_RTREE_INT_ONLY
  sqlite3_int64 *aCoord,
#else
  double *aCoord, 
#endif
  int *pRes
){
  int i;                          /* Iterator variable */
  Circle *pCircle;                /* Structure defining circular region */
  double xmin, xmax;              /* X dimensions of box being tested */
  double ymin, ymax;              /* X dimensions of box being tested */

  if( p->pUser==0 ){





    /* If pUser is still 0, then the parameter values have not been tested
    ** for correctness or stored into a Circle structure yet. Do this now. */

    /* This geometry callback is for use with a 2-dimensional r-tree table.
    ** Return an error if the table does not have exactly 2 dimensions. */
    if( nCoord!=4 ) return SQLITE_ERROR;

................................................................................
    pCircle->aBox[0].xmax = pCircle->centerx;
    pCircle->aBox[0].ymin = pCircle->centery + pCircle->radius;
    pCircle->aBox[0].ymax = pCircle->centery - pCircle->radius;
    pCircle->aBox[1].xmin = pCircle->centerx + pCircle->radius;
    pCircle->aBox[1].xmax = pCircle->centerx - pCircle->radius;
    pCircle->aBox[1].ymin = pCircle->centery;
    pCircle->aBox[1].ymax = pCircle->centery;

  }

  pCircle = (Circle *)p->pUser;
  xmin = aCoord[0];
  xmax = aCoord[1];
  ymin = aCoord[2];
  ymax = aCoord[3];

  /* Check if any of the 4 corners of the bounding-box being tested lie 
  ** inside the circular region. If they do, then the bounding-box does
  ** intersect the region of interest. Set the output variable to true and
  ** return SQLITE_OK in this case. */
  for(i=0; i<4; i++){
    double x = (i&0x01) ? xmax : xmin;
    double y = (i&0x02) ? ymax : ymin;
................................................................................
  }

  /* The specified bounding box does not intersect the circular region. Set
  ** the output variable to zero and return SQLITE_OK. */
  *pRes = 0;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}





































































































































































/* END of implementation of "circle" geometry callback.
**************************************************************************
*************************************************************************/

#include <assert.h>
#include "tcl.h"
................................................................................
**   cube(x, y, z, width, height, depth)
**
** The width, height and depth parameters must all be greater than zero.
*/
static int cube_geom(
  sqlite3_rtree_geometry *p,
  int nCoord,
#ifdef SQLITE_RTREE_INT_ONLY
  sqlite3_int64 *aCoord, 
#else
  double *aCoord, 
#endif
  int *piRes
){
  Cube *pCube = (Cube *)p->pUser;

  assert( p->pContext==(void *)&gHere );

  if( pCube==0 ){
................................................................................

  if( objc!=2 ){
    Tcl_WrongNumArgs(interp, 1, objv, "DB");
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  if( getDbPointer(interp, Tcl_GetString(objv[1]), &db) ) return TCL_ERROR;
  rc = sqlite3_rtree_geometry_callback(db, "circle", circle_geom, 0);








  Tcl_SetResult(interp, (char *)sqlite3ErrName(rc), TCL_STATIC);
#endif
  return TCL_OK;
}

int Sqlitetestrtree_Init(Tcl_Interp *interp){
  Tcl_CreateObjCommand(interp, "register_cube_geom", register_cube_geom, 0, 0);
  Tcl_CreateObjCommand(interp, "register_circle_geom",register_circle_geom,0,0);
  return TCL_OK;
}







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    double xmax;
    double ymin;
    double ymax;
  } aBox[2];
  double centerx;
  double centery;
  double radius;
  double mxArea;
  int eScoreType;
};

/*
** Destructor function for Circle objects allocated by circle_geom().
*/
static void circle_del(void *p){
  sqlite3_free(p);
................................................................................

/*
** Implementation of "circle" r-tree geometry callback.
*/
static int circle_geom(
  sqlite3_rtree_geometry *p,
  int nCoord, 



  sqlite3_rtree_dbl *aCoord,

  int *pRes
){
  int i;                          /* Iterator variable */
  Circle *pCircle;                /* Structure defining circular region */
  double xmin, xmax;              /* X dimensions of box being tested */
  double ymin, ymax;              /* X dimensions of box being tested */

  xmin = aCoord[0];
  xmax = aCoord[1];
  ymin = aCoord[2];
  ymax = aCoord[3];
  pCircle = (Circle *)p->pUser;
  if( pCircle==0 ){
    /* If pUser is still 0, then the parameter values have not been tested
    ** for correctness or stored into a Circle structure yet. Do this now. */

    /* This geometry callback is for use with a 2-dimensional r-tree table.
    ** Return an error if the table does not have exactly 2 dimensions. */
    if( nCoord!=4 ) return SQLITE_ERROR;

................................................................................
    pCircle->aBox[0].xmax = pCircle->centerx;
    pCircle->aBox[0].ymin = pCircle->centery + pCircle->radius;
    pCircle->aBox[0].ymax = pCircle->centery - pCircle->radius;
    pCircle->aBox[1].xmin = pCircle->centerx + pCircle->radius;
    pCircle->aBox[1].xmax = pCircle->centerx - pCircle->radius;
    pCircle->aBox[1].ymin = pCircle->centery;
    pCircle->aBox[1].ymax = pCircle->centery;
    pCircle->mxArea = (xmax - xmin)*(ymax - ymin) + 1.0;
  }







  /* Check if any of the 4 corners of the bounding-box being tested lie 
  ** inside the circular region. If they do, then the bounding-box does
  ** intersect the region of interest. Set the output variable to true and
  ** return SQLITE_OK in this case. */
  for(i=0; i<4; i++){
    double x = (i&0x01) ? xmax : xmin;
    double y = (i&0x02) ? ymax : ymin;
................................................................................
  }

  /* The specified bounding box does not intersect the circular region. Set
  ** the output variable to zero and return SQLITE_OK. */
  *pRes = 0;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Implementation of "circle" r-tree geometry callback using the 
** 2nd-generation interface that allows scoring.
*/
static int circle_query_func(sqlite3_rtree_query_info *p){
  int i;                          /* Iterator variable */
  Circle *pCircle;                /* Structure defining circular region */
  double xmin, xmax;              /* X dimensions of box being tested */
  double ymin, ymax;              /* X dimensions of box being tested */
  int nWithin = 0;                /* Number of corners inside the circle */

  xmin = p->aCoord[0];
  xmax = p->aCoord[1];
  ymin = p->aCoord[2];
  ymax = p->aCoord[3];
  pCircle = (Circle *)p->pUser;
  if( pCircle==0 ){
    /* If pUser is still 0, then the parameter values have not been tested
    ** for correctness or stored into a Circle structure yet. Do this now. */

    /* This geometry callback is for use with a 2-dimensional r-tree table.
    ** Return an error if the table does not have exactly 2 dimensions. */
    if( p->nCoord!=4 ) return SQLITE_ERROR;

    /* Test that the correct number of parameters (4) have been supplied,
    ** and that the parameters are in range (that the radius of the circle 
    ** radius is greater than zero). */
    if( p->nParam!=4 || p->aParam[2]<0.0 ) return SQLITE_ERROR;

    /* Allocate a structure to cache parameter data in. Return SQLITE_NOMEM
    ** if the allocation fails. */
    pCircle = (Circle *)(p->pUser = sqlite3_malloc(sizeof(Circle)));
    if( !pCircle ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    p->xDelUser = circle_del;

    /* Record the center and radius of the circular region. One way that
    ** tested bounding boxes that intersect the circular region are detected
    ** is by testing if each corner of the bounding box lies within radius
    ** units of the center of the circle. */
    pCircle->centerx = p->aParam[0];
    pCircle->centery = p->aParam[1];
    pCircle->radius = p->aParam[2];
    pCircle->eScoreType = (int)p->aParam[3];

    /* Define two bounding box regions. The first, aBox[0], extends to
    ** infinity in the X dimension. It covers the same range of the Y dimension
    ** as the circular region. The second, aBox[1], extends to infinity in
    ** the Y dimension and is constrained to the range of the circle in the
    ** X dimension.
    **
    ** Then imagine each box is split in half along its short axis by a line
    ** that intersects the center of the circular region. A bounding box
    ** being tested can be said to intersect the circular region if it contains
    ** points from each half of either of the two infinite bounding boxes.
    */
    pCircle->aBox[0].xmin = pCircle->centerx;
    pCircle->aBox[0].xmax = pCircle->centerx;
    pCircle->aBox[0].ymin = pCircle->centery + pCircle->radius;
    pCircle->aBox[0].ymax = pCircle->centery - pCircle->radius;
    pCircle->aBox[1].xmin = pCircle->centerx + pCircle->radius;
    pCircle->aBox[1].xmax = pCircle->centerx - pCircle->radius;
    pCircle->aBox[1].ymin = pCircle->centery;
    pCircle->aBox[1].ymax = pCircle->centery;
    pCircle->mxArea = 200.0*200.0;
  }

  /* Check if any of the 4 corners of the bounding-box being tested lie 
  ** inside the circular region. If they do, then the bounding-box does
  ** intersect the region of interest. Set the output variable to true and
  ** return SQLITE_OK in this case. */
  for(i=0; i<4; i++){
    double x = (i&0x01) ? xmax : xmin;
    double y = (i&0x02) ? ymax : ymin;
    double d2;
    
    d2  = (x-pCircle->centerx)*(x-pCircle->centerx);
    d2 += (y-pCircle->centery)*(y-pCircle->centery);
    if( d2<(pCircle->radius*pCircle->radius) ) nWithin++;
  }

  /* Check if the bounding box covers any other part of the circular region.
  ** See comments above for a description of how this test works. If it does
  ** cover part of the circular region, set the output variable to true
  ** and return SQLITE_OK. */
  if( nWithin==0 ){
    for(i=0; i<2; i++){
      if( xmin<=pCircle->aBox[i].xmin 
       && xmax>=pCircle->aBox[i].xmax 
       && ymin<=pCircle->aBox[i].ymin 
       && ymax>=pCircle->aBox[i].ymax 
      ){
        nWithin = 1;
        break;
      }
    }
  }

  if( pCircle->eScoreType==1 ){
    /* Depth first search */
    p->rScore = p->iLevel;
  }else if( pCircle->eScoreType==2 ){
    /* Breadth first search */
    p->rScore = 100 - p->iLevel;
  }else if( pCircle->eScoreType==3 ){
    /* Depth-first search, except sort the leaf nodes by area with
    ** the largest area first */
    if( p->iLevel==1 ){
      p->rScore = 1.0 - (xmax-xmin)*(ymax-ymin)/pCircle->mxArea;
      if( p->rScore<0.01 ) p->rScore = 0.01;
    }else{
      p->rScore = 0.0;
    }
  }else if( pCircle->eScoreType==4 ){
    /* Depth-first search, except exclude odd rowids */
    p->rScore = p->iLevel;
    if( p->iRowid&1 ) nWithin = 0;
  }else{
    /* Breadth-first search, except exclude odd rowids */
    p->rScore = 100 - p->iLevel;
    if( p->iRowid&1 ) nWithin = 0;
  }
  if( nWithin==0 ){
    p->eWithin = NOT_WITHIN;
  }else if( nWithin>=4 ){
    p->eWithin = FULLY_WITHIN;
  }else{
    p->eWithin = PARTLY_WITHIN;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
/*
** Implementation of "breadthfirstsearch" r-tree geometry callback using the 
** 2nd-generation interface that allows scoring.
**
**     ... WHERE id MATCH breadthfirstsearch($x0,$x1,$y0,$y1) ...
**
** It returns all entries whose bounding boxes overlap with $x0,$x1,$y0,$y1.
*/
static int bfs_query_func(sqlite3_rtree_query_info *p){
  double x0,x1,y0,y1;        /* Dimensions of box being tested */
  double bx0,bx1,by0,by1;    /* Boundary of the query function */

  if( p->nParam!=4 ) return SQLITE_ERROR;
  x0 = p->aCoord[0];
  x1 = p->aCoord[1];
  y0 = p->aCoord[2];
  y1 = p->aCoord[3];
  bx0 = p->aParam[0];
  bx1 = p->aParam[1];
  by0 = p->aParam[2];
  by1 = p->aParam[3];
  p->rScore = 100 - p->iLevel;
  if( p->eParentWithin==FULLY_WITHIN ){
    p->eWithin = FULLY_WITHIN;
  }else if( x0>=bx0 && x1<=bx1 && y0>=by0 && y1<=by1 ){
    p->eWithin = FULLY_WITHIN;
  }else if( x1>=bx0 && x0<=bx1 && y1>=by0 && y0<=by1 ){
    p->eWithin = PARTLY_WITHIN;
  }else{
    p->eWithin = NOT_WITHIN;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/* END of implementation of "circle" geometry callback.
**************************************************************************
*************************************************************************/

#include <assert.h>
#include "tcl.h"
................................................................................
**   cube(x, y, z, width, height, depth)
**
** The width, height and depth parameters must all be greater than zero.
*/
static int cube_geom(
  sqlite3_rtree_geometry *p,
  int nCoord,



  sqlite3_rtree_dbl *aCoord,

  int *piRes
){
  Cube *pCube = (Cube *)p->pUser;

  assert( p->pContext==(void *)&gHere );

  if( pCube==0 ){
................................................................................

  if( objc!=2 ){
    Tcl_WrongNumArgs(interp, 1, objv, "DB");
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  if( getDbPointer(interp, Tcl_GetString(objv[1]), &db) ) return TCL_ERROR;
  rc = sqlite3_rtree_geometry_callback(db, "circle", circle_geom, 0);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3_rtree_query_callback(db, "Qcircle",
                                      circle_query_func, 0, 0);
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3_rtree_query_callback(db, "breadthfirstsearch",
                                      bfs_query_func, 0, 0);
  }
  Tcl_SetResult(interp, (char *)sqlite3ErrName(rc), TCL_STATIC);
#endif
  return TCL_OK;
}

int Sqlitetestrtree_Init(Tcl_Interp *interp){
  Tcl_CreateObjCommand(interp, "register_cube_geom", register_cube_geom, 0, 0);
  Tcl_CreateObjCommand(interp, "register_circle_geom",register_circle_geom,0,0);
  return TCL_OK;
}

Changes to src/test_syscall.c.

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69





70
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671
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**
**   test_syscall exists SYSTEM-CALL
**     Return true if the named system call exists. Or false otherwise.
**
**   test_syscall list
**     Return a list of all system calls. The list is constructed using
**     the xNextSystemCall() VFS method.





*/

#include "sqliteInt.h"
#include "sqlite3.h"
#include "tcl.h"
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
................................................................................
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <errno.h>

static struct TestSyscallGlobal {
  int bPersist;                   /* 1 for persistent errors, 0 for transient */
  int nCount;                     /* Fail after this many more calls */
  int nFail;                      /* Number of failures that have occurred */


} gSyscall = { 0, 0 };

static int ts_open(const char *, int, int);
static int ts_close(int fd);
static int ts_access(const char *zPath, int mode);
static char *ts_getcwd(char *zPath, size_t nPath);
static int ts_stat(const char *zPath, struct stat *p);
static int ts_fstat(int fd, struct stat *p);
................................................................................
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }

  pVfs = sqlite3_vfs_find(0);
  Tcl_SetObjResult(interp, Tcl_NewStringObj(pVfs->zName, -1));
  return TCL_OK;
}








































static int test_syscall(
  void * clientData,
  Tcl_Interp *interp,
  int objc,
  Tcl_Obj *CONST objv[]
){
................................................................................
    { "install",    test_syscall_install },
    { "uninstall",  test_syscall_uninstall },
    { "reset",      test_syscall_reset },
    { "errno",      test_syscall_errno },
    { "exists",     test_syscall_exists },
    { "list",       test_syscall_list },
    { "defaultvfs", test_syscall_defaultvfs },

    { 0, 0 }
  };
  int iCmd;
  int rc;

  if( objc<2 ){
    Tcl_WrongNumArgs(interp, 1, objv, "SUB-COMMAND ...");







>
>
>
>
>







 







>
>
|







 







>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
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>
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>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
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>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>







 







>







63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
..
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
...
652
653
654
655
656
657
658
659
660
661
662
663
664
665
666
667
668
669
670
671
672
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676
677
678
679
680
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687
688
689
690
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692
693
694
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696
697
698
699
700
701
702
703
704
...
710
711
712
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714
715
716
717
718
719
720
721
722
723
724
**
**   test_syscall exists SYSTEM-CALL
**     Return true if the named system call exists. Or false otherwise.
**
**   test_syscall list
**     Return a list of all system calls. The list is constructed using
**     the xNextSystemCall() VFS method.
**
**   test_syscall pagesize PGSZ
**     If PGSZ is a power of two greater than 256, install a wrapper around
**     OS function getpagesize() that reports the system page size as PGSZ.
**     Or, if PGSZ is less than zero, remove any wrapper already installed.
*/

#include "sqliteInt.h"
#include "sqlite3.h"
#include "tcl.h"
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
................................................................................
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <errno.h>

static struct TestSyscallGlobal {
  int bPersist;                   /* 1 for persistent errors, 0 for transient */
  int nCount;                     /* Fail after this many more calls */
  int nFail;                      /* Number of failures that have occurred */
  int pgsz;
  sqlite3_syscall_ptr orig_getpagesize;
} gSyscall = { 0, 0, 0, 0, 0 };

static int ts_open(const char *, int, int);
static int ts_close(int fd);
static int ts_access(const char *zPath, int mode);
static char *ts_getcwd(char *zPath, size_t nPath);
static int ts_stat(const char *zPath, struct stat *p);
static int ts_fstat(int fd, struct stat *p);
................................................................................
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }

  pVfs = sqlite3_vfs_find(0);
  Tcl_SetObjResult(interp, Tcl_NewStringObj(pVfs->zName, -1));
  return TCL_OK;
}

static int ts_getpagesize(void){
  return gSyscall.pgsz;
}

static int test_syscall_pagesize(
  void * clientData,
  Tcl_Interp *interp,
  int objc,
  Tcl_Obj *CONST objv[]
){
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs = sqlite3_vfs_find(0);
  int pgsz;
  if( objc!=3 ){
    Tcl_WrongNumArgs(interp, 2, objv, "PGSZ");
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  if( Tcl_GetIntFromObj(interp, objv[2], &pgsz) ){
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }

  if( pgsz<0 ){
    if( gSyscall.orig_getpagesize ){
      pVfs->xSetSystemCall(pVfs, "getpagesize", gSyscall.orig_getpagesize);
    }
  }else{
    if( pgsz<512 || (pgsz & (pgsz-1)) ){
      Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "pgsz out of range", 0);
      return TCL_ERROR;
    }
    gSyscall.orig_getpagesize = pVfs->xGetSystemCall(pVfs, "getpagesize");
    gSyscall.pgsz = pgsz;
    pVfs->xSetSystemCall(
        pVfs, "getpagesize", (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)ts_getpagesize
    );
  }

  return TCL_OK;
}

static int test_syscall(
  void * clientData,
  Tcl_Interp *interp,
  int objc,
  Tcl_Obj *CONST objv[]
){
................................................................................
    { "install",    test_syscall_install },
    { "uninstall",  test_syscall_uninstall },
    { "reset",      test_syscall_reset },
    { "errno",      test_syscall_errno },
    { "exists",     test_syscall_exists },
    { "list",       test_syscall_list },
    { "defaultvfs", test_syscall_defaultvfs },
    { "pagesize",   test_syscall_pagesize },
    { 0, 0 }
  };
  int iCmd;
  int rc;

  if( objc<2 ){
    Tcl_WrongNumArgs(interp, 1, objv, "SUB-COMMAND ...");

Changes to src/test_vfstrace.c.

674
675
676
677
678
679
680
681
682
683
684
685
686
687
688
  const char *zPath, 
  int flags, 
  int *pResOut
){
  vfstrace_info *pInfo = (vfstrace_info*)pVfs->pAppData;
  sqlite3_vfs *pRoot = pInfo->pRootVfs;
  int rc;
  vfstrace_printf(pInfo, "%s.xDelete(\"%s\",%d)",
                  pInfo->zVfsName, zPath, flags);
  rc = pRoot->xAccess(pRoot, zPath, flags, pResOut);
  vfstrace_print_errcode(pInfo, " -> %s", rc);
  vfstrace_printf(pInfo, ", out=%d\n", *pResOut);
  return rc;
}








|







674
675
676
677
678
679
680
681
682
683
684
685
686
687
688
  const char *zPath, 
  int flags, 
  int *pResOut
){
  vfstrace_info *pInfo = (vfstrace_info*)pVfs->pAppData;
  sqlite3_vfs *pRoot = pInfo->pRootVfs;
  int rc;
  vfstrace_printf(pInfo, "%s.xAccess(\"%s\",%d)",
                  pInfo->zVfsName, zPath, flags);
  rc = pRoot->xAccess(pRoot, zPath, flags, pResOut);
  vfstrace_print_errcode(pInfo, " -> %s", rc);
  vfstrace_printf(pInfo, ", out=%d\n", *pResOut);
  return rc;
}

Changes to src/trigger.c.

562
563
564
565
566
567
568
569
570
571
572
573
574
575
576
#endif

  /* Generate code to destroy the database record of the trigger.
  */
  assert( pTable!=0 );
  if( (v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse))!=0 ){
    int base;
    static const int iLn = __LINE__+2;
    static const VdbeOpList dropTrigger[] = {
      { OP_Rewind,     0, ADDR(9),  0},
      { OP_String8,    0, 1,        0}, /* 1 */
      { OP_Column,     0, 1,        2},
      { OP_Ne,         2, ADDR(8),  1},
      { OP_String8,    0, 1,        0}, /* 4: "trigger" */
      { OP_Column,     0, 0,        2},







|







562
563
564
565
566
567
568
569
570
571
572
573
574
575
576
#endif

  /* Generate code to destroy the database record of the trigger.
  */
  assert( pTable!=0 );
  if( (v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse))!=0 ){
    int base;
    static const int iLn = VDBE_OFFSET_LINENO(2);
    static const VdbeOpList dropTrigger[] = {
      { OP_Rewind,     0, ADDR(9),  0},
      { OP_String8,    0, 1,        0}, /* 1 */
      { OP_Column,     0, 1,        2},
      { OP_Ne,         2, ADDR(8),  1},
      { OP_String8,    0, 1,        0}, /* 4: "trigger" */
      { OP_Column,     0, 0,        2},

Changes to src/utf.c.

313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
...
441
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
  }
  *z = 0;
  assert( (pMem->n+(desiredEnc==SQLITE_UTF8?1:2))<=len );

  sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(pMem);
  pMem->flags &= ~(MEM_Static|MEM_Dyn|MEM_Ephem);
  pMem->enc = desiredEnc;
  pMem->flags |= (MEM_Term|MEM_Dyn);
  pMem->z = (char*)zOut;
  pMem->zMalloc = pMem->z;

translate_out:
#if defined(TRANSLATE_TRACE) && defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
  {
    char zBuf[100];
................................................................................
  sqlite3VdbeChangeEncoding(&m, SQLITE_UTF8);
  if( db->mallocFailed ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(&m);
    m.z = 0;
  }
  assert( (m.flags & MEM_Term)!=0 || db->mallocFailed );
  assert( (m.flags & MEM_Str)!=0 || db->mallocFailed );
  assert( (m.flags & MEM_Dyn)!=0 || db->mallocFailed );
  assert( m.z || db->mallocFailed );
  return m.z;
}

/*
** zIn is a UTF-16 encoded unicode string at least nChar characters long.
** Return the number of bytes in the first nChar unicode characters







|







 







<







313
314
315
316
317
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320
321
322
323
324
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327
...
441
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447

448
449
450
451
452
453
454
  }
  *z = 0;
  assert( (pMem->n+(desiredEnc==SQLITE_UTF8?1:2))<=len );

  sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(pMem);
  pMem->flags &= ~(MEM_Static|MEM_Dyn|MEM_Ephem);
  pMem->enc = desiredEnc;
  pMem->flags |= (MEM_Term);
  pMem->z = (char*)zOut;
  pMem->zMalloc = pMem->z;

translate_out:
#if defined(TRANSLATE_TRACE) && defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
  {
    char zBuf[100];
................................................................................
  sqlite3VdbeChangeEncoding(&m, SQLITE_UTF8);
  if( db->mallocFailed ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(&m);
    m.z = 0;
  }
  assert( (m.flags & MEM_Term)!=0 || db->mallocFailed );
  assert( (m.flags & MEM_Str)!=0 || db->mallocFailed );

  assert( m.z || db->mallocFailed );
  return m.z;
}

/*
** zIn is a UTF-16 encoded unicode string at least nChar characters long.
** Return the number of bytes in the first nChar unicode characters

Changes to src/util.c.

1242
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1244
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1246
1247
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1249
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1251
1252
1253
1254
1255
1256
1257
    if( b>a+49 ) return b;
    if( b>a+31 ) return b+1;
    return b+x[b-a];
  }
}

/*
** Convert an integer into a LogEst.  In other words, compute a
** good approximatation for 10*log2(x).
*/
LogEst sqlite3LogEst(u64 x){
  static LogEst a[] = { 0, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 };
  LogEst y = 40;
  if( x<8 ){
    if( x<2 ) return 0;
    while( x<8 ){  y -= 10; x <<= 1; }







|
|







1242
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1247
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1254
1255
1256
1257
    if( b>a+49 ) return b;
    if( b>a+31 ) return b+1;
    return b+x[b-a];
  }
}

/*
** Convert an integer into a LogEst.  In other words, compute an
** approximation for 10*log2(x).
*/
LogEst sqlite3LogEst(u64 x){
  static LogEst a[] = { 0, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 };
  LogEst y = 40;
  if( x<8 ){
    if( x<2 ) return 0;
    while( x<8 ){  y -= 10; x <<= 1; }

Changes to src/vdbe.c.

24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
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313
314
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...
596
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602

603
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605
606
607
608

609
610
611
612
613
614

615
616
617
618
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620
621
...
665
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668
669
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671





672
673
674
675
676
677
678
...
709
710
711
712
713
714
715
716
717
718
719
720
721
722
723
...
782
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784
785
786
787
788
789
790
791
792
793
794
795
796
...
955
956
957
958
959
960
961
962
963
964
965
966
967
968
969
970
971
972
....
1070
1071
1072
1073
1074
1075
1076
1077
1078
1079
1080

1081
1082
1083
1084
1085
1086
1087
1088
1089
1090
1091
1092
1093
1094
1095
1096
1097
1098
1099
1100

1101
1102
1103
1104
1105
1106
1107
1108


1109
1110
1111
1112
1113
1114
1115
1116
1117
1118
1119
1120
....
1235
1236
1237
1238
1239
1240
1241
1242
1243
1244
1245
1246
1247
1248
1249
....
1278
1279
1280
1281
1282
1283
1284
1285
1286
1287
1288

1289
1290
1291
1292
1293
1294
1295
....
1339
1340
1341
1342
1343
1344
1345
1346


1347
1348
1349
1350
1351
1352
1353
1354
1355
1356
1357
1358
1359
1360
1361
1362
1363
1364
1365
1366
....
1408
1409
1410
1411
1412
1413
1414
1415
1416
1417
1418
1419
1420
1421
1422
....
1481
1482
1483
1484
1485
1486
1487
1488
1489
1490
1491
1492
1493
1494
1495
....
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991

1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
....
2161
2162
2163
2164
2165
2166
2167
2168
2169
2170
2171
2172
2173
2174
2175
2176
....
2456
2457
2458
2459
2460
2461
2462

2463
2464
2465
2466
2467
2468
2469
....
2493
2494
2495
2496
2497
2498
2499
2500
2501
2502
2503
2504
2505
2506
2507
2508
....
2677
2678
2679
2680
2681
2682
2683
2684
2685
2686
2687
2688
2689
2690
2691
....
3319
3320
3321
3322
3323
3324
3325

3326
3327
3328
3329
3330
3331
3332
....
3551
3552
3553
3554
3555
3556
3557
3558
3559
3560
3561
3562
3563
3564
3565
3566
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3568
3569
3570
3571
3572
3573
3574
....
3718
3719
3720
3721
3722
3723
3724
3725
3726
3727
3728
3729
3730
3731
3732
3733
3734
3735
3736

3737
3738
3739
3740
3741
3742
3743
....
3810
3811
3812
3813
3814
3815
3816
3817
3818
3819
3820
3821
3822
3823
3824
....
4194
4195
4196
4197
4198
4199
4200

4201
4202
4203
4204
4205
4206
4207
....
4501
4502
4503
4504
4505
4506
4507

4508
4509
4510
4511
4512
4513
4514
....
4618
4619
4620
4621
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4624
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4628
4629
4630
4631
4632
....
4732
4733
4734
4735
4736
4737
4738
4739
4740
4741
4742
4743
4744
4745
4746
4747
4748
4749
....
4858
4859
4860
4861
4862
4863
4864























4865
4866
4867
4868
4869
4870
4871
....
5165
5166
5167
5168
5169
5170
5171
5172
5173
5174
5175
5176
5177
5178
5179
5180
5181
....
5486
5487
5488
5489
5490
5491
5492
5493
5494
5495
5496
5497
5498
5499
5500
....
5868
5869
5870
5871
5872
5873
5874
5875
5876
5877
5878
5879
5880
5881
5882
....
5920
5921
5922
5923
5924
5925
5926
5927
5928
5929
5930
5931
5932
5933
5934
....
6127
6128
6129
6130
6131
6132
6133
6134
6135
6136
6137
6138
6139
6140
6141
....
6266
6267
6268
6269
6270
6271
6272
6273
6274
6275
6276
6277
6278
6279
6280
6281
/*
** Invoke this macro on memory cells just prior to changing the
** value of the cell.  This macro verifies that shallow copies are
** not misused.  A shallow copy of a string or blob just copies a
** pointer to the string or blob, not the content.  If the original
** is changed while the copy is still in use, the string or blob might
** be changed out from under the copy.  This macro verifies that nothing
** like that every happens.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
# define memAboutToChange(P,M) sqlite3VdbeMemAboutToChange(P,M)
#else
# define memAboutToChange(P,M)
#endif

................................................................................
** a pointer to a dynamically allocated string where some other entity
** is responsible for deallocating that string.  Because the register
** does not control the string, it might be deleted without the register
** knowing it.
**
** This routine converts an ephemeral string into a dynamically allocated
** string that the register itself controls.  In other words, it
** converts an MEM_Ephem string into an MEM_Dyn string.
*/
#define Deephemeralize(P) \
   if( ((P)->flags&MEM_Ephem)!=0 \
       && sqlite3VdbeMemMakeWriteable(P) ){ goto no_mem;}

/* Return true if the cursor was opened using the OP_OpenSorter opcode. */
#define isSorter(x) ((x)->pSorter!=0)
................................................................................
** loss of information and return the revised type of the argument.
*/
int sqlite3_value_numeric_type(sqlite3_value *pVal){
  int eType = sqlite3_value_type(pVal);
  if( eType==SQLITE_TEXT ){
    Mem *pMem = (Mem*)pVal;
    applyNumericAffinity(pMem);
    sqlite3VdbeMemStoreType(pMem);
    eType = sqlite3_value_type(pVal);
  }
  return eType;
}

/*
** Exported version of applyAffinity(). This one works on sqlite3_value*, 
................................................................................
void sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(
  sqlite3_value *pVal, 
  u8 affinity, 
  u8 enc
){
  applyAffinity((Mem *)pVal, affinity, enc);
}
























#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
/*
** Write a nice string representation of the contents of cell pMem
** into buffer zBuf, length nBuf.
*/
void sqlite3VdbeMemPrettyPrint(Mem *pMem, char *zBuf){
................................................................................

    /* Sanity checking on other operands */
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    if( (pOp->opflags & OPFLG_IN1)!=0 ){
      assert( pOp->p1>0 );
      assert( pOp->p1<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
      assert( memIsValid(&aMem[pOp->p1]) );

      REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p1, &aMem[pOp->p1]);
    }
    if( (pOp->opflags & OPFLG_IN2)!=0 ){
      assert( pOp->p2>0 );
      assert( pOp->p2<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
      assert( memIsValid(&aMem[pOp->p2]) );

      REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p2, &aMem[pOp->p2]);
    }
    if( (pOp->opflags & OPFLG_IN3)!=0 ){
      assert( pOp->p3>0 );
      assert( pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
      assert( memIsValid(&aMem[pOp->p3]) );

      REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p3, &aMem[pOp->p3]);
    }
    if( (pOp->opflags & OPFLG_OUT2)!=0 ){
      assert( pOp->p2>0 );
      assert( pOp->p2<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
      memAboutToChange(p, &aMem[pOp->p2]);
    }
................................................................................

/* Opcode:  Goto * P2 * * *
**
** An unconditional jump to address P2.
** The next instruction executed will be 
** the one at index P2 from the beginning of
** the program.





*/
case OP_Goto: {             /* jump */
  pc = pOp->p2 - 1;

  /* Opcodes that are used as the bottom of a loop (OP_Next, OP_Prev,
  ** OP_VNext, OP_RowSetNext, or OP_SorterNext) all jump here upon
  ** completion.  Check to see if sqlite3_interrupt() has been called
................................................................................
**
** Write the current address onto register P1
** and then jump to address P2.
*/
case OP_Gosub: {            /* jump */
  assert( pOp->p1>0 && pOp->p1<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  assert( (pIn1->flags & MEM_Dyn)==0 );
  memAboutToChange(p, pIn1);
  pIn1->flags = MEM_Int;
  pIn1->u.i = pc;
  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p1, pIn1);
  pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  break;
}
................................................................................
** If the co-routine ends with OP_Yield or OP_Return then continue
** to the next instruction.  But if the co-routine ends with
** OP_EndCoroutine, jump immediately to P2.
*/
case OP_Yield: {            /* in1, jump */
  int pcDest;
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  assert( (pIn1->flags & MEM_Dyn)==0 );
  pIn1->flags = MEM_Int;
  pcDest = (int)pIn1->u.i;
  pIn1->u.i = pc;
  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p1, pIn1);
  pc = pcDest;
  break;
}
................................................................................

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16
  if( encoding!=SQLITE_UTF8 ){
    rc = sqlite3VdbeMemSetStr(pOut, pOp->p4.z, -1, SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_STATIC);
    if( rc==SQLITE_TOOBIG ) goto too_big;
    if( SQLITE_OK!=sqlite3VdbeChangeEncoding(pOut, encoding) ) goto no_mem;
    assert( pOut->zMalloc==pOut->z );
    assert( pOut->flags & MEM_Dyn );
    pOut->zMalloc = 0;
    pOut->flags |= MEM_Static;
    pOut->flags &= ~MEM_Dyn;
    if( pOp->p4type==P4_DYNAMIC ){
      sqlite3DbFree(db, pOp->p4.z);
    }
    pOp->p4type = P4_DYNAMIC;
    pOp->p4.z = pOut->z;
    pOp->p1 = pOut->n;
  }
................................................................................
  UPDATE_MAX_BLOBSIZE(pOut);
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Move P1 P2 P3 * *
** Synopsis:  r[P2@P3]=r[P1@P3]
**
** Move the values in register P1..P1+P3 over into
** registers P2..P2+P3.  Registers P1..P1+P3 are
** left holding a NULL.  It is an error for register ranges
** P1..P1+P3 and P2..P2+P3 to overlap.

*/
case OP_Move: {
  char *zMalloc;   /* Holding variable for allocated memory */
  int n;           /* Number of registers left to copy */
  int p1;          /* Register to copy from */
  int p2;          /* Register to copy to */

  n = pOp->p3;
  p1 = pOp->p1;
  p2 = pOp->p2;
  assert( n>=0 && p1>0 && p2>0 );
  assert( p1+n<=p2 || p2+n<=p1 );

  pIn1 = &aMem[p1];
  pOut = &aMem[p2];
  do{
    assert( pOut<=&aMem[(p->nMem-p->nCursor)] );
    assert( pIn1<=&aMem[(p->nMem-p->nCursor)] );
    assert( memIsValid(pIn1) );
    memAboutToChange(p, pOut);

    zMalloc = pOut->zMalloc;
    pOut->zMalloc = 0;
    sqlite3VdbeMemMove(pOut, pIn1);
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    if( pOut->pScopyFrom>=&aMem[p1] && pOut->pScopyFrom<&aMem[p1+pOp->p3] ){
      pOut->pScopyFrom += p1 - pOp->p2;
    }
#endif


    pIn1->zMalloc = zMalloc;
    REGISTER_TRACE(p2++, pOut);
    pIn1++;
    pOut++;
  }while( n-- );
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Copy P1 P2 P3 * *
** Synopsis: r[P2@P3+1]=r[P1@P3+1]
**
** Make a copy of registers P1..P1+P3 into registers P2..P2+P3.
................................................................................
  pMem = p->pResultSet = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  for(i=0; i<pOp->p2; i++){
    assert( memIsValid(&pMem[i]) );
    Deephemeralize(&pMem[i]);
    assert( (pMem[i].flags & MEM_Ephem)==0
            || (pMem[i].flags & (MEM_Str|MEM_Blob))==0 );
    sqlite3VdbeMemNulTerminate(&pMem[i]);
    sqlite3VdbeMemStoreType(&pMem[i]);
    REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p1+i, &pMem[i]);
  }
  if( db->mallocFailed ) goto no_mem;

  /* Return SQLITE_ROW
  */
  p->pc = pc + 1;
................................................................................
  if( ExpandBlob(pIn1) || ExpandBlob(pIn2) ) goto no_mem;
  Stringify(pIn1, encoding);
  Stringify(pIn2, encoding);
  nByte = pIn1->n + pIn2->n;
  if( nByte>db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_LENGTH] ){
    goto too_big;
  }
  MemSetTypeFlag(pOut, MEM_Str);
  if( sqlite3VdbeMemGrow(pOut, (int)nByte+2, pOut==pIn2) ){
    goto no_mem;
  }

  if( pOut!=pIn2 ){
    memcpy(pOut->z, pIn2->z, pIn2->n);
  }
  memcpy(&pOut->z[pIn2->n], pIn1->z, pIn1->n);
  pOut->z[nByte]=0;
  pOut->z[nByte+1] = 0;
  pOut->flags |= MEM_Term;
................................................................................
*/
case OP_Add:                   /* same as TK_PLUS, in1, in2, out3 */
case OP_Subtract:              /* same as TK_MINUS, in1, in2, out3 */
case OP_Multiply:              /* same as TK_STAR, in1, in2, out3 */
case OP_Divide:                /* same as TK_SLASH, in1, in2, out3 */
case OP_Remainder: {           /* same as TK_REM, in1, in2, out3 */
  char bIntint;   /* Started out as two integer operands */
  int flags;      /* Combined MEM_* flags from both inputs */


  i64 iA;         /* Integer value of left operand */
  i64 iB;         /* Integer value of right operand */
  double rA;      /* Real value of left operand */
  double rB;      /* Real value of right operand */

  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  applyNumericAffinity(pIn1);
  pIn2 = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  applyNumericAffinity(pIn2);
  pOut = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  flags = pIn1->flags | pIn2->flags;
  if( (flags & MEM_Null)!=0 ) goto arithmetic_result_is_null;
  if( (pIn1->flags & pIn2->flags & MEM_Int)==MEM_Int ){
    iA = pIn1->u.i;
    iB = pIn2->u.i;
    bIntint = 1;
    switch( pOp->opcode ){
      case OP_Add:       if( sqlite3AddInt64(&iB,iA) ) goto fp_math;  break;
      case OP_Subtract:  if( sqlite3SubInt64(&iB,iA) ) goto fp_math;  break;
      case OP_Multiply:  if( sqlite3MulInt64(&iB,iA) ) goto fp_math;  break;
................................................................................
    MemSetTypeFlag(pOut, MEM_Int);
#else
    if( sqlite3IsNaN(rB) ){
      goto arithmetic_result_is_null;
    }
    pOut->r = rB;
    MemSetTypeFlag(pOut, MEM_Real);
    if( (flags & MEM_Real)==0 && !bIntint ){
      sqlite3VdbeIntegerAffinity(pOut);
    }
#endif
  }
  break;

arithmetic_result_is_null:
................................................................................
  assert( n==0 || (pOp->p2>0 && pOp->p2+n<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor)+1) );
  assert( pOp->p3<pOp->p2 || pOp->p3>=pOp->p2+n );
  pArg = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  for(i=0; i<n; i++, pArg++){
    assert( memIsValid(pArg) );
    apVal[i] = pArg;
    Deephemeralize(pArg);
    sqlite3VdbeMemStoreType(pArg);
    REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p2+i, pArg);
  }

  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_FUNCDEF );
  ctx.pFunc = pOp->p4.pFunc;
  ctx.iOp = pc;
  ctx.pVdbe = p;
................................................................................
  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_INTARRAY );
  assert( pOp->p4.ai );
  aPermute = pOp->p4.ai;
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Compare P1 P2 P3 P4 P5

**
** Compare two vectors of registers in reg(P1)..reg(P1+P3-1) (call this
** vector "A") and in reg(P2)..reg(P2+P3-1) ("B").  Save the result of
** the comparison for use by the next OP_Jump instruct.
**
** If P5 has the OPFLAG_PERMUTE bit set, then the order of comparison is
** determined by the most recent OP_Permutation operator.  If the
................................................................................
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Once P1 P2 * * *
**
** Check if OP_Once flag P1 is set. If so, jump to instruction P2. Otherwise,
** set the flag and fall through to the next instruction.  In other words,
** this opcode causes all following up codes up through P2 (but not including
** P2) to run just once and skipped on subsequent times through the loop.
*/
case OP_Once: {             /* jump */
  assert( pOp->p1<p->nOnceFlag );
  VdbeBranchTaken(p->aOnceFlag[pOp->p1]!=0, 2);
  if( p->aOnceFlag[pOp->p1] ){
    pc = pOp->p2-1;
  }else{
................................................................................

  /* Extract the content for the p2+1-th column.  Control can only
  ** reach this point if aOffset[p2], aOffset[p2+1], and aType[p2] are
  ** all valid.
  */
  assert( p2<pC->nHdrParsed );
  assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );

  if( pC->szRow>=aOffset[p2+1] ){
    /* This is the common case where the desired content fits on the original
    ** page - where the content is not on an overflow page */
    VdbeMemRelease(pDest);
    sqlite3VdbeSerialGet(pC->aRow+aOffset[p2], aType[p2], pDest);
  }else{
    /* This branch happens only when content is on overflow pages */
................................................................................
    sqlite3VdbeSerialGet(zData, t, pDest);
    /* If we dynamically allocated space to hold the data (in the
    ** sqlite3VdbeMemFromBtree() call above) then transfer control of that
    ** dynamically allocated space over to the pDest structure.
    ** This prevents a memory copy. */
    if( sMem.zMalloc ){
      assert( sMem.z==sMem.zMalloc );
      assert( !(pDest->flags & MEM_Dyn) );
      assert( !(pDest->flags & (MEM_Blob|MEM_Str)) || pDest->z==sMem.z );
      pDest->flags &= ~(MEM_Ephem|MEM_Static);
      pDest->flags |= MEM_Term;
      pDest->z = sMem.z;
      pDest->zMalloc = sMem.zMalloc;
    }
  }
  pDest->enc = encoding;
................................................................................
    j += sqlite3VdbeSerialPut(&zNewRecord[j], pRec, serial_type); /* content */
  }while( (++pRec)<=pLast );
  assert( i==nHdr );
  assert( j==nByte );

  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  pOut->n = (int)nByte;
  pOut->flags = MEM_Blob | MEM_Dyn;
  pOut->xDel = 0;
  if( nZero ){
    pOut->u.nZero = nZero;
    pOut->flags |= MEM_Zero;
  }
  pOut->enc = SQLITE_UTF8;  /* In case the blob is ever converted to text */
  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p3, pOut);
................................................................................
      SQLITE_OPEN_DELETEONCLOSE |
      SQLITE_OPEN_TRANSIENT_DB;
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 );
  assert( pOp->p2>=0 );
  pCx = allocateCursor(p, pOp->p1, pOp->p2, -1, 1);
  if( pCx==0 ) goto no_mem;
  pCx->nullRow = 1;

  rc = sqlite3BtreeOpen(db->pVfs, 0, db, &pCx->pBt, 
                        BTREE_OMIT_JOURNAL | BTREE_SINGLE | pOp->p5, vfsFlags);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3BtreeBeginTrans(pCx->pBt, 1);
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    /* If a transient index is required, create it by calling
................................................................................
    assert( pOp->p4type==P4_INT32 );
    assert( nField>0 );
    r.pKeyInfo = pC->pKeyInfo;
    r.nField = (u16)nField;

    /* The next line of code computes as follows, only faster:
    **   if( oc==OP_SeekGT || oc==OP_SeekLE ){
    **     r.flags = UNPACKED_INCRKEY;
    **   }else{
    **     r.flags = 0;
    **   }
    */
    r.flags = (u8)(UNPACKED_INCRKEY * (1 & (oc - OP_SeekLT)));
    assert( oc!=OP_SeekGT || r.flags==UNPACKED_INCRKEY );
    assert( oc!=OP_SeekLE || r.flags==UNPACKED_INCRKEY );
    assert( oc!=OP_SeekGE || r.flags==0 );
    assert( oc!=OP_SeekLT || r.flags==0 );

    r.aMem = &aMem[pOp->p3];
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    { int i; for(i=0; i<r.nField; i++) assert( memIsValid(&r.aMem[i]) ); }
#endif
    ExpandBlob(r.aMem);
    rc = sqlite3BtreeMovetoUnpacked(pC->pCursor, &r, 0, 0, &res);
................................................................................
    for(ii=0; ii<r.nField; ii++){
      assert( memIsValid(&r.aMem[ii]) );
      ExpandBlob(&r.aMem[ii]);
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
      if( ii ) REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p3+ii, &r.aMem[ii]);
#endif
    }
    r.flags = UNPACKED_PREFIX_MATCH;
    pIdxKey = &r;
  }else{
    pIdxKey = sqlite3VdbeAllocUnpackedRecord(
        pC->pKeyInfo, aTempRec, sizeof(aTempRec), &pFree
    ); 
    if( pIdxKey==0 ) goto no_mem;
    assert( pIn3->flags & MEM_Blob );
    assert( (pIn3->flags & MEM_Zero)==0 );  /* zeroblobs already expanded */
    sqlite3VdbeRecordUnpack(pC->pKeyInfo, pIn3->n, pIn3->z, pIdxKey);
    pIdxKey->flags |= UNPACKED_PREFIX_MATCH;
  }

  if( pOp->opcode==OP_NoConflict ){
    /* For the OP_NoConflict opcode, take the jump if any of the
    ** input fields are NULL, since any key with a NULL will not
    ** conflict */
    for(ii=0; ii<r.nField; ii++){
      if( r.aMem[ii].flags & MEM_Null ){
        pc = pOp->p2 - 1; VdbeBranchTaken(1,2);
................................................................................
    assert( pC->rowidIsValid==0 );
  }
  pC->seekResult = res;
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Sequence P1 P2 * * *
** Synopsis: r[P2]=rowid
**
** Find the next available sequence number for cursor P1.
** Write the sequence number into register P2.
** The sequence number on the cursor is incremented after this
** instruction.  
*/
case OP_Sequence: {           /* out2-prerelease */
................................................................................
case OP_SorterData: {
  VdbeCursor *pC;

  pOut = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( isSorter(pC) );
  rc = sqlite3VdbeSorterRowkey(pC, pOut);

  break;
}

/* Opcode: RowData P1 P2 * * *
** Synopsis: r[P2]=data
**
** Write into register P2 the complete row data for cursor P1.
................................................................................
*/
case OP_SorterNext: {  /* jump */
  VdbeCursor *pC;
  int res;

  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( isSorter(pC) );

  rc = sqlite3VdbeSorterNext(db, pC, &res);
  goto next_tail;
case OP_PrevIfOpen:    /* jump */
case OP_NextIfOpen:    /* jump */
  if( p->apCsr[pOp->p1]==0 ) break;
  /* Fall through */
case OP_Prev:          /* jump */
................................................................................
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  pCrsr = pC->pCursor;
  assert( pCrsr!=0 );
  assert( pOp->p5==0 );
  r.pKeyInfo = pC->pKeyInfo;
  r.nField = (u16)pOp->p3;
  r.flags = UNPACKED_PREFIX_MATCH;
  r.aMem = &aMem[pOp->p2];
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  { int i; for(i=0; i<r.nField; i++) assert( memIsValid(&r.aMem[i]) ); }
#endif
  rc = sqlite3BtreeMovetoUnpacked(pCrsr, &r, 0, 0, &res);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && res==0 ){
    rc = sqlite3BtreeDelete(pCrsr);
................................................................................
  assert( pC->deferredMoveto==0 );
  assert( pOp->p5==0 || pOp->p5==1 );
  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_INT32 );
  r.pKeyInfo = pC->pKeyInfo;
  r.nField = (u16)pOp->p4.i;
  if( pOp->opcode<OP_IdxLT ){
    assert( pOp->opcode==OP_IdxLE || pOp->opcode==OP_IdxGT );
    r.flags = UNPACKED_INCRKEY | UNPACKED_PREFIX_MATCH;
  }else{
    assert( pOp->opcode==OP_IdxGE || pOp->opcode==OP_IdxLT );
    r.flags = UNPACKED_PREFIX_MATCH;
  }
  r.aMem = &aMem[pOp->p3];
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  { int i; for(i=0; i<r.nField; i++) assert( memIsValid(&r.aMem[i]) ); }
#endif
  res = 0;  /* Not needed.  Only used to silence a warning. */
  rc = sqlite3VdbeIdxKeyCompare(pC, &r, &res);
................................................................................
      assert( memIsValid(&aMem[pOp->p3]) );
      memAboutToChange(p, &aMem[pOp->p3]);
      aMem[pOp->p3].u.i += nChange;
    }
  }
  break;
}
























/* Opcode: CreateTable P1 P2 * * *
** Synopsis: r[P2]=root iDb=P1
**
** Allocate a new table in the main database file if P1==0 or in the
** auxiliary database file if P1==1 or in an attached database if
** P1>1.  Write the root page number of the new table into
................................................................................
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetRowSet(pIn1);
    if( (pIn1->flags & MEM_RowSet)==0 ) goto no_mem;
  }

  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_INT32 );
  assert( iSet==-1 || iSet>=0 );
  if( iSet ){
    exists = sqlite3RowSetTest(pIn1->u.pRowSet, 
                               (u8)(iSet>=0 ? iSet & 0xf : 0xff),
                               pIn3->u.i);
    VdbeBranchTaken(exists!=0,2);
    if( exists ){
      pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
      break;
    }
  }
  if( iSet>=0 ){
................................................................................
  pRec = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  apVal = p->apArg;
  assert( apVal || n==0 );
  for(i=0; i<n; i++, pRec++){
    assert( memIsValid(pRec) );
    apVal[i] = pRec;
    memAboutToChange(p, pRec);
    sqlite3VdbeMemStoreType(pRec);
  }
  ctx.pFunc = pOp->p4.pFunc;
  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  ctx.pMem = pMem = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  pMem->n++;
  ctx.s.flags = MEM_Null;
  ctx.s.z = 0;
................................................................................
  }
  break;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
/* Opcode: VFilter P1 P2 P3 P4 *
** Synopsis: iPlan=r[P3] zPlan='P4'
**
** P1 is a cursor opened using VOpen.  P2 is an address to jump to if
** the filtered result set is empty.
**
** P4 is either NULL or a string that was generated by the xBestIndex
** method of the module.  The interpretation of the P4 string is left
** to the module implementation.
................................................................................

  /* Invoke the xFilter method */
  {
    res = 0;
    apArg = p->apArg;
    for(i = 0; i<nArg; i++){
      apArg[i] = &pArgc[i+1];
      sqlite3VdbeMemStoreType(apArg[i]);
    }

    p->inVtabMethod = 1;
    rc = pModule->xFilter(pVtabCursor, iQuery, pOp->p4.z, nArg, apArg);
    p->inVtabMethod = 0;
    sqlite3VtabImportErrmsg(p, pVtab);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
................................................................................
  if( ALWAYS(pModule->xUpdate) ){
    u8 vtabOnConflict = db->vtabOnConflict;
    apArg = p->apArg;
    pX = &aMem[pOp->p3];
    for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
      assert( memIsValid(pX) );
      memAboutToChange(p, pX);
      sqlite3VdbeMemStoreType(pX);
      apArg[i] = pX;
      pX++;
    }
    db->vtabOnConflict = pOp->p5;
    rc = pModule->xUpdate(pVtab, nArg, apArg, &rowid);
    db->vtabOnConflict = vtabOnConflict;
    sqlite3VtabImportErrmsg(p, pVtab);
................................................................................
** readability.  From this point on down, the normal indentation rules are
** restored.
*****************************************************************************/
    }

#ifdef VDBE_PROFILE
    {
      u64 elapsed = sqlite3Hwtime() - start;
      pOp->cycles += elapsed;
      pOp->cnt++;
    }
#endif

    /* The following code adds nothing to the actual functionality
    ** of the program.  It is only here for testing and debugging.
    ** On the other hand, it does burn CPU cycles every time through







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/*
** Invoke this macro on memory cells just prior to changing the
** value of the cell.  This macro verifies that shallow copies are
** not misused.  A shallow copy of a string or blob just copies a
** pointer to the string or blob, not the content.  If the original
** is changed while the copy is still in use, the string or blob might
** be changed out from under the copy.  This macro verifies that nothing
** like that ever happens.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
# define memAboutToChange(P,M) sqlite3VdbeMemAboutToChange(P,M)
#else
# define memAboutToChange(P,M)
#endif

................................................................................
** a pointer to a dynamically allocated string where some other entity
** is responsible for deallocating that string.  Because the register
** does not control the string, it might be deleted without the register
** knowing it.
**
** This routine converts an ephemeral string into a dynamically allocated
** string that the register itself controls.  In other words, it
** converts an MEM_Ephem string into a string with P.z==P.zMalloc.
*/
#define Deephemeralize(P) \
   if( ((P)->flags&MEM_Ephem)!=0 \
       && sqlite3VdbeMemMakeWriteable(P) ){ goto no_mem;}

/* Return true if the cursor was opened using the OP_OpenSorter opcode. */
#define isSorter(x) ((x)->pSorter!=0)
................................................................................
** loss of information and return the revised type of the argument.
*/
int sqlite3_value_numeric_type(sqlite3_value *pVal){
  int eType = sqlite3_value_type(pVal);
  if( eType==SQLITE_TEXT ){
    Mem *pMem = (Mem*)pVal;
    applyNumericAffinity(pMem);

    eType = sqlite3_value_type(pVal);
  }
  return eType;
}

/*
** Exported version of applyAffinity(). This one works on sqlite3_value*, 
................................................................................
void sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(
  sqlite3_value *pVal, 
  u8 affinity, 
  u8 enc
){
  applyAffinity((Mem *)pVal, affinity, enc);
}

/*
** Return the numeric type for pMem, either MEM_Int or MEM_Real or both or
** none.  
**
** Unlike applyNumericAffinity(), this routine does not modify pMem->flags.
** But it does set pMem->r and pMem->u.i appropriately.
*/
static u16 numericType(Mem *pMem){
  if( pMem->flags & (MEM_Int|MEM_Real) ){
    return pMem->flags & (MEM_Int|MEM_Real);
  }
  if( pMem->flags & (MEM_Str|MEM_Blob) ){
    if( sqlite3AtoF(pMem->z, &pMem->r, pMem->n, pMem->enc)==0 ){
      return 0;
    }
    if( sqlite3Atoi64(pMem->z, &pMem->u.i, pMem->n, pMem->enc)==SQLITE_OK ){
      return MEM_Int;
    }
    return MEM_Real;
  }
  return 0;
}

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
/*
** Write a nice string representation of the contents of cell pMem
** into buffer zBuf, length nBuf.
*/
void sqlite3VdbeMemPrettyPrint(Mem *pMem, char *zBuf){
................................................................................

    /* Sanity checking on other operands */
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    if( (pOp->opflags & OPFLG_IN1)!=0 ){
      assert( pOp->p1>0 );
      assert( pOp->p1<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
      assert( memIsValid(&aMem[pOp->p1]) );
      assert( sqlite3VdbeCheckMemInvariants(&aMem[pOp->p1]) );
      REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p1, &aMem[pOp->p1]);
    }
    if( (pOp->opflags & OPFLG_IN2)!=0 ){
      assert( pOp->p2>0 );
      assert( pOp->p2<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
      assert( memIsValid(&aMem[pOp->p2]) );
      assert( sqlite3VdbeCheckMemInvariants(&aMem[pOp->p2]) );
      REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p2, &aMem[pOp->p2]);
    }
    if( (pOp->opflags & OPFLG_IN3)!=0 ){
      assert( pOp->p3>0 );
      assert( pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
      assert( memIsValid(&aMem[pOp->p3]) );
      assert( sqlite3VdbeCheckMemInvariants(&aMem[pOp->p3]) );
      REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p3, &aMem[pOp->p3]);
    }
    if( (pOp->opflags & OPFLG_OUT2)!=0 ){
      assert( pOp->p2>0 );
      assert( pOp->p2<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
      memAboutToChange(p, &aMem[pOp->p2]);
    }
................................................................................

/* Opcode:  Goto * P2 * * *
**
** An unconditional jump to address P2.
** The next instruction executed will be 
** the one at index P2 from the beginning of
** the program.
**
** The P1 parameter is not actually used by this opcode.  However, it
** is sometimes set to 1 instead of 0 as a hint to the command-line shell
** that this Goto is the bottom of a loop and that the lines from P2 down
** to the current line should be indented for EXPLAIN output.
*/
case OP_Goto: {             /* jump */
  pc = pOp->p2 - 1;

  /* Opcodes that are used as the bottom of a loop (OP_Next, OP_Prev,
  ** OP_VNext, OP_RowSetNext, or OP_SorterNext) all jump here upon
  ** completion.  Check to see if sqlite3_interrupt() has been called
................................................................................
**
** Write the current address onto register P1
** and then jump to address P2.
*/
case OP_Gosub: {            /* jump */
  assert( pOp->p1>0 && pOp->p1<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  assert( VdbeMemDynamic(pIn1)==0 );
  memAboutToChange(p, pIn1);
  pIn1->flags = MEM_Int;
  pIn1->u.i = pc;
  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p1, pIn1);
  pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  break;
}
................................................................................
** If the co-routine ends with OP_Yield or OP_Return then continue
** to the next instruction.  But if the co-routine ends with
** OP_EndCoroutine, jump immediately to P2.
*/
case OP_Yield: {            /* in1, jump */
  int pcDest;
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  assert( VdbeMemDynamic(pIn1)==0 );
  pIn1->flags = MEM_Int;
  pcDest = (int)pIn1->u.i;
  pIn1->u.i = pc;
  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p1, pIn1);
  pc = pcDest;
  break;
}
................................................................................

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16
  if( encoding!=SQLITE_UTF8 ){
    rc = sqlite3VdbeMemSetStr(pOut, pOp->p4.z, -1, SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_STATIC);
    if( rc==SQLITE_TOOBIG ) goto too_big;
    if( SQLITE_OK!=sqlite3VdbeChangeEncoding(pOut, encoding) ) goto no_mem;
    assert( pOut->zMalloc==pOut->z );
    assert( VdbeMemDynamic(pOut)==0 );
    pOut->zMalloc = 0;
    pOut->flags |= MEM_Static;

    if( pOp->p4type==P4_DYNAMIC ){
      sqlite3DbFree(db, pOp->p4.z);
    }
    pOp->p4type = P4_DYNAMIC;
    pOp->p4.z = pOut->z;
    pOp->p1 = pOut->n;
  }
................................................................................
  UPDATE_MAX_BLOBSIZE(pOut);
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Move P1 P2 P3 * *
** Synopsis:  r[P2@P3]=r[P1@P3]
**
** Move the P3 values in register P1..P1+P3-1 over into
** registers P2..P2+P3-1.  Registers P1..P1+P3-1 are
** left holding a NULL.  It is an error for register ranges
** P1..P1+P3-1 and P2..P2+P3-1 to overlap.  It is an error
** for P3 to be less than 1.
*/
case OP_Move: {
  char *zMalloc;   /* Holding variable for allocated memory */
  int n;           /* Number of registers left to copy */
  int p1;          /* Register to copy from */
  int p2;          /* Register to copy to */

  n = pOp->p3;
  p1 = pOp->p1;
  p2 = pOp->p2;
  assert( n>0 && p1>0 && p2>0 );
  assert( p1+n<=p2 || p2+n<=p1 );

  pIn1 = &aMem[p1];
  pOut = &aMem[p2];
  do{
    assert( pOut<=&aMem[(p->nMem-p->nCursor)] );
    assert( pIn1<=&aMem[(p->nMem-p->nCursor)] );
    assert( memIsValid(pIn1) );
    memAboutToChange(p, pOut);
    VdbeMemRelease(pOut);
    zMalloc = pOut->zMalloc;

    memcpy(pOut, pIn1, sizeof(Mem));
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    if( pOut->pScopyFrom>=&aMem[p1] && pOut->pScopyFrom<&aMem[p1+pOp->p3] ){
      pOut->pScopyFrom += p1 - pOp->p2;
    }
#endif
    pIn1->flags = MEM_Undefined;
    pIn1->xDel = 0;
    pIn1->zMalloc = zMalloc;
    REGISTER_TRACE(p2++, pOut);
    pIn1++;
    pOut++;
  }while( --n );
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Copy P1 P2 P3 * *
** Synopsis: r[P2@P3+1]=r[P1@P3+1]
**
** Make a copy of registers P1..P1+P3 into registers P2..P2+P3.
................................................................................
  pMem = p->pResultSet = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  for(i=0; i<pOp->p2; i++){
    assert( memIsValid(&pMem[i]) );
    Deephemeralize(&pMem[i]);
    assert( (pMem[i].flags & MEM_Ephem)==0
            || (pMem[i].flags & (MEM_Str|MEM_Blob))==0 );
    sqlite3VdbeMemNulTerminate(&pMem[i]);

    REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p1+i, &pMem[i]);
  }
  if( db->mallocFailed ) goto no_mem;

  /* Return SQLITE_ROW
  */
  p->pc = pc + 1;
................................................................................
  if( ExpandBlob(pIn1) || ExpandBlob(pIn2) ) goto no_mem;
  Stringify(pIn1, encoding);
  Stringify(pIn2, encoding);
  nByte = pIn1->n + pIn2->n;
  if( nByte>db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_LENGTH] ){
    goto too_big;
  }

  if( sqlite3VdbeMemGrow(pOut, (int)nByte+2, pOut==pIn2) ){
    goto no_mem;
  }
  MemSetTypeFlag(pOut, MEM_Str);
  if( pOut!=pIn2 ){
    memcpy(pOut->z, pIn2->z, pIn2->n);
  }
  memcpy(&pOut->z[pIn2->n], pIn1->z, pIn1->n);
  pOut->z[nByte]=0;
  pOut->z[nByte+1] = 0;
  pOut->flags |= MEM_Term;
................................................................................
*/
case OP_Add:                   /* same as TK_PLUS, in1, in2, out3 */
case OP_Subtract:              /* same as TK_MINUS, in1, in2, out3 */
case OP_Multiply:              /* same as TK_STAR, in1, in2, out3 */
case OP_Divide:                /* same as TK_SLASH, in1, in2, out3 */
case OP_Remainder: {           /* same as TK_REM, in1, in2, out3 */
  char bIntint;   /* Started out as two integer operands */
  u16 flags;      /* Combined MEM_* flags from both inputs */
  u16 type1;      /* Numeric type of left operand */
  u16 type2;      /* Numeric type of right operand */
  i64 iA;         /* Integer value of left operand */
  i64 iB;         /* Integer value of right operand */
  double rA;      /* Real value of left operand */
  double rB;      /* Real value of right operand */

  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  type1 = numericType(pIn1);
  pIn2 = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  type2 = numericType(pIn2);
  pOut = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  flags = pIn1->flags | pIn2->flags;
  if( (flags & MEM_Null)!=0 ) goto arithmetic_result_is_null;
  if( (type1 & type2 & MEM_Int)!=0 ){
    iA = pIn1->u.i;
    iB = pIn2->u.i;
    bIntint = 1;
    switch( pOp->opcode ){
      case OP_Add:       if( sqlite3AddInt64(&iB,iA) ) goto fp_math;  break;
      case OP_Subtract:  if( sqlite3SubInt64(&iB,iA) ) goto fp_math;  break;
      case OP_Multiply:  if( sqlite3MulInt64(&iB,iA) ) goto fp_math;  break;
................................................................................
    MemSetTypeFlag(pOut, MEM_Int);
#else
    if( sqlite3IsNaN(rB) ){
      goto arithmetic_result_is_null;
    }
    pOut->r = rB;
    MemSetTypeFlag(pOut, MEM_Real);
    if( ((type1|type2)&MEM_Real)==0 && !bIntint ){
      sqlite3VdbeIntegerAffinity(pOut);
    }
#endif
  }
  break;

arithmetic_result_is_null:
................................................................................
  assert( n==0 || (pOp->p2>0 && pOp->p2+n<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor)+1) );
  assert( pOp->p3<pOp->p2 || pOp->p3>=pOp->p2+n );
  pArg = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  for(i=0; i<n; i++, pArg++){
    assert( memIsValid(pArg) );
    apVal[i] = pArg;
    Deephemeralize(pArg);

    REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p2+i, pArg);
  }

  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_FUNCDEF );
  ctx.pFunc = pOp->p4.pFunc;
  ctx.iOp = pc;
  ctx.pVdbe = p;
................................................................................
  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_INTARRAY );
  assert( pOp->p4.ai );
  aPermute = pOp->p4.ai;
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Compare P1 P2 P3 P4 P5
** Synopsis: r[P1@P3] <-> r[P2@P3]
**
** Compare two vectors of registers in reg(P1)..reg(P1+P3-1) (call this
** vector "A") and in reg(P2)..reg(P2+P3-1) ("B").  Save the result of
** the comparison for use by the next OP_Jump instruct.
**
** If P5 has the OPFLAG_PERMUTE bit set, then the order of comparison is
** determined by the most recent OP_Permutation operator.  If the
................................................................................
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Once P1 P2 * * *
**
** Check if OP_Once flag P1 is set. If so, jump to instruction P2. Otherwise,
** set the flag and fall through to the next instruction.  In other words,
** this opcode causes all following opcodes up through P2 (but not including
** P2) to run just once and to be skipped on subsequent times through the loop.
*/
case OP_Once: {             /* jump */
  assert( pOp->p1<p->nOnceFlag );
  VdbeBranchTaken(p->aOnceFlag[pOp->p1]!=0, 2);
  if( p->aOnceFlag[pOp->p1] ){
    pc = pOp->p2-1;
  }else{
................................................................................

  /* Extract the content for the p2+1-th column.  Control can only
  ** reach this point if aOffset[p2], aOffset[p2+1], and aType[p2] are
  ** all valid.
  */
  assert( p2<pC->nHdrParsed );
  assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );
  assert( sqlite3VdbeCheckMemInvariants(pDest) );
  if( pC->szRow>=aOffset[p2+1] ){
    /* This is the common case where the desired content fits on the original
    ** page - where the content is not on an overflow page */
    VdbeMemRelease(pDest);
    sqlite3VdbeSerialGet(pC->aRow+aOffset[p2], aType[p2], pDest);
  }else{
    /* This branch happens only when content is on overflow pages */
................................................................................
    sqlite3VdbeSerialGet(zData, t, pDest);
    /* If we dynamically allocated space to hold the data (in the
    ** sqlite3VdbeMemFromBtree() call above) then transfer control of that
    ** dynamically allocated space over to the pDest structure.
    ** This prevents a memory copy. */
    if( sMem.zMalloc ){
      assert( sMem.z==sMem.zMalloc );
      assert( VdbeMemDynamic(pDest)==0 );
      assert( (pDest->flags & (MEM_Blob|MEM_Str))==0 || pDest->z==sMem.z );
      pDest->flags &= ~(MEM_Ephem|MEM_Static);
      pDest->flags |= MEM_Term;
      pDest->z = sMem.z;
      pDest->zMalloc = sMem.zMalloc;
    }
  }
  pDest->enc = encoding;
................................................................................
    j += sqlite3VdbeSerialPut(&zNewRecord[j], pRec, serial_type); /* content */
  }while( (++pRec)<=pLast );
  assert( i==nHdr );
  assert( j==nByte );

  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  pOut->n = (int)nByte;
  pOut->flags = MEM_Blob;
  pOut->xDel = 0;
  if( nZero ){
    pOut->u.nZero = nZero;
    pOut->flags |= MEM_Zero;
  }
  pOut->enc = SQLITE_UTF8;  /* In case the blob is ever converted to text */
  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p3, pOut);
................................................................................
      SQLITE_OPEN_DELETEONCLOSE |
      SQLITE_OPEN_TRANSIENT_DB;
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 );
  assert( pOp->p2>=0 );
  pCx = allocateCursor(p, pOp->p1, pOp->p2, -1, 1);
  if( pCx==0 ) goto no_mem;
  pCx->nullRow = 1;
  pCx->isEphemeral = 1;
  rc = sqlite3BtreeOpen(db->pVfs, 0, db, &pCx->pBt, 
                        BTREE_OMIT_JOURNAL | BTREE_SINGLE | pOp->p5, vfsFlags);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3BtreeBeginTrans(pCx->pBt, 1);
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    /* If a transient index is required, create it by calling
................................................................................
    assert( pOp->p4type==P4_INT32 );
    assert( nField>0 );
    r.pKeyInfo = pC->pKeyInfo;
    r.nField = (u16)nField;

    /* The next line of code computes as follows, only faster:
    **   if( oc==OP_SeekGT || oc==OP_SeekLE ){
    **     r.default_rc = -1;
    **   }else{
    **     r.default_rc = +1;
    **   }
    */
    r.default_rc = ((1 & (oc - OP_SeekLT)) ? -1 : +1);
    assert( oc!=OP_SeekGT || r.default_rc==-1 );
    assert( oc!=OP_SeekLE || r.default_rc==-1 );
    assert( oc!=OP_SeekGE || r.default_rc==+1 );
    assert( oc!=OP_SeekLT || r.default_rc==+1 );

    r.aMem = &aMem[pOp->p3];
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    { int i; for(i=0; i<r.nField; i++) assert( memIsValid(&r.aMem[i]) ); }
#endif
    ExpandBlob(r.aMem);
    rc = sqlite3BtreeMovetoUnpacked(pC->pCursor, &r, 0, 0, &res);
................................................................................
    for(ii=0; ii<r.nField; ii++){
      assert( memIsValid(&r.aMem[ii]) );
      ExpandBlob(&r.aMem[ii]);
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
      if( ii ) REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p3+ii, &r.aMem[ii]);
#endif
    }

    pIdxKey = &r;
  }else{
    pIdxKey = sqlite3VdbeAllocUnpackedRecord(
        pC->pKeyInfo, aTempRec, sizeof(aTempRec), &pFree
    ); 
    if( pIdxKey==0 ) goto no_mem;
    assert( pIn3->flags & MEM_Blob );
    assert( (pIn3->flags & MEM_Zero)==0 );  /* zeroblobs already expanded */
    sqlite3VdbeRecordUnpack(pC->pKeyInfo, pIn3->n, pIn3->z, pIdxKey);

  }
  pIdxKey->default_rc = 0;
  if( pOp->opcode==OP_NoConflict ){
    /* For the OP_NoConflict opcode, take the jump if any of the
    ** input fields are NULL, since any key with a NULL will not
    ** conflict */
    for(ii=0; ii<r.nField; ii++){
      if( r.aMem[ii].flags & MEM_Null ){
        pc = pOp->p2 - 1; VdbeBranchTaken(1,2);
................................................................................
    assert( pC->rowidIsValid==0 );
  }
  pC->seekResult = res;
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Sequence P1 P2 * * *
** Synopsis: r[P2]=cursor[P1].ctr++
**
** Find the next available sequence number for cursor P1.
** Write the sequence number into register P2.
** The sequence number on the cursor is incremented after this
** instruction.  
*/
case OP_Sequence: {           /* out2-prerelease */
................................................................................
case OP_SorterData: {
  VdbeCursor *pC;

  pOut = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( isSorter(pC) );
  rc = sqlite3VdbeSorterRowkey(pC, pOut);
  assert( rc!=SQLITE_OK || (pOut->flags & MEM_Blob) );
  break;
}

/* Opcode: RowData P1 P2 * * *
** Synopsis: r[P2]=data
**
** Write into register P2 the complete row data for cursor P1.
................................................................................
*/
case OP_SorterNext: {  /* jump */
  VdbeCursor *pC;
  int res;

  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( isSorter(pC) );
  res = 0;
  rc = sqlite3VdbeSorterNext(db, pC, &res);
  goto next_tail;
case OP_PrevIfOpen:    /* jump */
case OP_NextIfOpen:    /* jump */
  if( p->apCsr[pOp->p1]==0 ) break;
  /* Fall through */
case OP_Prev:          /* jump */
................................................................................
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  pCrsr = pC->pCursor;
  assert( pCrsr!=0 );
  assert( pOp->p5==0 );
  r.pKeyInfo = pC->pKeyInfo;
  r.nField = (u16)pOp->p3;
  r.default_rc = 0;
  r.aMem = &aMem[pOp->p2];
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  { int i; for(i=0; i<r.nField; i++) assert( memIsValid(&r.aMem[i]) ); }
#endif
  rc = sqlite3BtreeMovetoUnpacked(pCrsr, &r, 0, 0, &res);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && res==0 ){
    rc = sqlite3BtreeDelete(pCrsr);
................................................................................
  assert( pC->deferredMoveto==0 );
  assert( pOp->p5==0 || pOp->p5==1 );
  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_INT32 );
  r.pKeyInfo = pC->pKeyInfo;
  r.nField = (u16)pOp->p4.i;
  if( pOp->opcode<OP_IdxLT ){
    assert( pOp->opcode==OP_IdxLE || pOp->opcode==OP_IdxGT );
    r.default_rc = -1;
  }else{
    assert( pOp->opcode==OP_IdxGE || pOp->opcode==OP_IdxLT );
    r.default_rc = 0;
  }
  r.aMem = &aMem[pOp->p3];
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  { int i; for(i=0; i<r.nField; i++) assert( memIsValid(&r.aMem[i]) ); }
#endif
  res = 0;  /* Not needed.  Only used to silence a warning. */
  rc = sqlite3VdbeIdxKeyCompare(pC, &r, &res);
................................................................................
      assert( memIsValid(&aMem[pOp->p3]) );
      memAboutToChange(p, &aMem[pOp->p3]);
      aMem[pOp->p3].u.i += nChange;
    }
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: ResetSorter P1 * * * *
**
** Delete all contents from the ephemeral table or sorter
** that is open on cursor P1.
**
** This opcode only works for cursors used for sorting and
** opened with OP_OpenEphemeral or OP_SorterOpen.
*/
case OP_ResetSorter: {
  VdbeCursor *pC;
 
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  if( pC->pSorter ){
    sqlite3VdbeSorterReset(db, pC->pSorter);
  }else{
    assert( pC->isEphemeral );
    rc = sqlite3BtreeClearTableOfCursor(pC->pCursor);
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: CreateTable P1 P2 * * *
** Synopsis: r[P2]=root iDb=P1
**
** Allocate a new table in the main database file if P1==0 or in the
** auxiliary database file if P1==1 or in an attached database if
** P1>1.  Write the root page number of the new table into
................................................................................
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetRowSet(pIn1);
    if( (pIn1->flags & MEM_RowSet)==0 ) goto no_mem;
  }

  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_INT32 );
  assert( iSet==-1 || iSet>=0 );
  if( iSet ){
    exists = sqlite3RowSetTest(pIn1->u.pRowSet, iSet, pIn3->u.i);


    VdbeBranchTaken(exists!=0,2);
    if( exists ){
      pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
      break;
    }
  }
  if( iSet>=0 ){
................................................................................
  pRec = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  apVal = p->apArg;
  assert( apVal || n==0 );
  for(i=0; i<n; i++, pRec++){
    assert( memIsValid(pRec) );
    apVal[i] = pRec;
    memAboutToChange(p, pRec);

  }
  ctx.pFunc = pOp->p4.pFunc;
  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  ctx.pMem = pMem = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  pMem->n++;
  ctx.s.flags = MEM_Null;
  ctx.s.z = 0;
................................................................................
  }
  break;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
/* Opcode: VFilter P1 P2 P3 P4 *
** Synopsis: iplan=r[P3] zplan='P4'
**
** P1 is a cursor opened using VOpen.  P2 is an address to jump to if
** the filtered result set is empty.
**
** P4 is either NULL or a string that was generated by the xBestIndex
** method of the module.  The interpretation of the P4 string is left
** to the module implementation.
................................................................................

  /* Invoke the xFilter method */
  {
    res = 0;
    apArg = p->apArg;
    for(i = 0; i<nArg; i++){
      apArg[i] = &pArgc[i+1];

    }

    p->inVtabMethod = 1;
    rc = pModule->xFilter(pVtabCursor, iQuery, pOp->p4.z, nArg, apArg);
    p->inVtabMethod = 0;
    sqlite3VtabImportErrmsg(p, pVtab);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
................................................................................
  if( ALWAYS(pModule->xUpdate) ){
    u8 vtabOnConflict = db->vtabOnConflict;
    apArg = p->apArg;
    pX = &aMem[pOp->p3];
    for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
      assert( memIsValid(pX) );
      memAboutToChange(p, pX);

      apArg[i] = pX;
      pX++;
    }
    db->vtabOnConflict = pOp->p5;
    rc = pModule->xUpdate(pVtab, nArg, apArg, &rowid);
    db->vtabOnConflict = vtabOnConflict;
    sqlite3VtabImportErrmsg(p, pVtab);
................................................................................
** readability.  From this point on down, the normal indentation rules are
** restored.
*****************************************************************************/
    }

#ifdef VDBE_PROFILE
    {
      u64 endTime = sqlite3Hwtime();
      if( endTime>start ) pOp->cycles += endTime - start;
      pOp->cnt++;
    }
#endif

    /* The following code adds nothing to the actual functionality
    ** of the program.  It is only here for testing and debugging.
    ** On the other hand, it does burn CPU cycles every time through

Changes to src/vdbe.h.

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sqlite3_value *sqlite3VdbeGetBoundValue(Vdbe*, int, u8);
void sqlite3VdbeSetVarmask(Vdbe*, int);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRACE
  char *sqlite3VdbeExpandSql(Vdbe*, const char*);
#endif

void sqlite3VdbeRecordUnpack(KeyInfo*,int,const void*,UnpackedRecord*);
int sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(int,const void*,UnpackedRecord*);
UnpackedRecord *sqlite3VdbeAllocUnpackedRecord(KeyInfo *, char *, int, char **);




#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
void sqlite3VdbeLinkSubProgram(Vdbe *, SubProgram *);
#endif

/* Use SQLITE_ENABLE_COMMENTS to enable generation of extra comments on
** each VDBE opcode.
................................................................................
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_VDBE_COVERAGE
  void sqlite3VdbeSetLineNumber(Vdbe*,int);
# define VdbeCoverage(v) sqlite3VdbeSetLineNumber(v,__LINE__)
# define VdbeCoverageIf(v,x) if(x)sqlite3VdbeSetLineNumber(v,__LINE__)
# define VdbeCoverageAlwaysTaken(v) sqlite3VdbeSetLineNumber(v,2);
# define VdbeCoverageNeverTaken(v) sqlite3VdbeSetLineNumber(v,1);

#else
# define VdbeCoverage(v)
# define VdbeCoverageIf(v,x)
# define VdbeCoverageAlwaysTaken(v)
# define VdbeCoverageNeverTaken(v)

#endif

#endif







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sqlite3_value *sqlite3VdbeGetBoundValue(Vdbe*, int, u8);
void sqlite3VdbeSetVarmask(Vdbe*, int);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRACE
  char *sqlite3VdbeExpandSql(Vdbe*, const char*);
#endif

void sqlite3VdbeRecordUnpack(KeyInfo*,int,const void*,UnpackedRecord*);
int sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(int,const void*,UnpackedRecord*,int);
UnpackedRecord *sqlite3VdbeAllocUnpackedRecord(KeyInfo *, char *, int, char **);

typedef int (*RecordCompare)(int,const void*,UnpackedRecord*,int);
RecordCompare sqlite3VdbeFindCompare(UnpackedRecord*);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
void sqlite3VdbeLinkSubProgram(Vdbe *, SubProgram *);
#endif

/* Use SQLITE_ENABLE_COMMENTS to enable generation of extra comments on
** each VDBE opcode.
................................................................................
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_VDBE_COVERAGE
  void sqlite3VdbeSetLineNumber(Vdbe*,int);
# define VdbeCoverage(v) sqlite3VdbeSetLineNumber(v,__LINE__)
# define VdbeCoverageIf(v,x) if(x)sqlite3VdbeSetLineNumber(v,__LINE__)
# define VdbeCoverageAlwaysTaken(v) sqlite3VdbeSetLineNumber(v,2);
# define VdbeCoverageNeverTaken(v) sqlite3VdbeSetLineNumber(v,1);
# define VDBE_OFFSET_LINENO(x) (__LINE__+x)
#else
# define VdbeCoverage(v)
# define VdbeCoverageIf(v,x)
# define VdbeCoverageAlwaysTaken(v)
# define VdbeCoverageNeverTaken(v)
# define VDBE_OFFSET_LINENO(x) 0
#endif

#endif

Changes to src/vdbeInt.h.

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  int pseudoTableReg;   /* Register holding pseudotable content. */
  i16 nField;           /* Number of fields in the header */
  u16 nHdrParsed;       /* Number of header fields parsed so far */
  i8 iDb;               /* Index of cursor database in db->aDb[] (or -1) */
  u8 nullRow;           /* True if pointing to a row with no data */
  u8 rowidIsValid;      /* True if lastRowid is valid */
  u8 deferredMoveto;    /* A call to sqlite3BtreeMoveto() is needed */

  Bool useRandomRowid:1;/* Generate new record numbers semi-randomly */
  Bool isTable:1;       /* True if a table requiring integer keys */
  Bool isOrdered:1;     /* True if the underlying table is BTREE_UNORDERED */
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pVtabCursor;  /* The cursor for a virtual table */
  i64 seqCount;         /* Sequence counter */
  i64 movetoTarget;     /* Argument to the deferred sqlite3BtreeMoveto() */
  i64 lastRowid;        /* Rowid being deleted by OP_Delete */
................................................................................
    int nZero;          /* Used when bit MEM_Zero is set in flags */
    FuncDef *pDef;      /* Used only when flags==MEM_Agg */
    RowSet *pRowSet;    /* Used only when flags==MEM_RowSet */
    VdbeFrame *pFrame;  /* Used when flags==MEM_Frame */
  } u;
  int n;              /* Number of characters in string value, excluding '\0' */
  u16 flags;          /* Some combination of MEM_Null, MEM_Str, MEM_Dyn, etc. */
  u8  memType;        /* Lower 5 bits of flags */
  u8  enc;            /* SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_UTF16BE, SQLITE_UTF16LE */
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  Mem *pScopyFrom;    /* This Mem is a shallow copy of pScopyFrom */
  void *pFiller;      /* So that sizeof(Mem) is a multiple of 8 */
#endif
  void (*xDel)(void *);  /* If not null, call this function to delete Mem.z */
  char *zMalloc;      /* Dynamic buffer allocated by sqlite3_malloc() */
................................................................................
** flags may coexist with the MEM_Str flag.
*/
#define MEM_Null      0x0001   /* Value is NULL */
#define MEM_Str       0x0002   /* Value is a string */
#define MEM_Int       0x0004   /* Value is an integer */
#define MEM_Real      0x0008   /* Value is a real number */
#define MEM_Blob      0x0010   /* Value is a BLOB */

#define MEM_RowSet    0x0020   /* Value is a RowSet object */
#define MEM_Frame     0x0040   /* Value is a VdbeFrame object */
#define MEM_Undefined 0x0080   /* Value is undefined */
#define MEM_Cleared   0x0100   /* NULL set by OP_Null, not from data */
#define MEM_TypeMask  0x01ff   /* Mask of type bits */


/* Whenever Mem contains a valid string or blob representation, one of
** the following flags must be set to determine the memory management
** policy for Mem.z.  The MEM_Term flag tells us whether or not the
** string is \000 or \u0000 terminated
*/
#define MEM_Term      0x0200   /* String rep is nul terminated */
#define MEM_Dyn       0x0400   /* Need to call sqliteFree() on Mem.z */
#define MEM_Static    0x0800   /* Mem.z points to a static string */
#define MEM_Ephem     0x1000   /* Mem.z points to an ephemeral string */
#define MEM_Agg       0x2000   /* Mem.z points to an agg function context */
#define MEM_Zero      0x4000   /* Mem.i contains count of 0s appended to blob */
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_INCRBLOB
  #undef MEM_Zero
  #define MEM_Zero 0x0000
................................................................................
  if( VdbeMemDynamic(X) ) sqlite3VdbeMemReleaseExternal(X);
int sqlite3VdbeMemFinalize(Mem*, FuncDef*);
const char *sqlite3OpcodeName(int);
int sqlite3VdbeMemGrow(Mem *pMem, int n, int preserve);
int sqlite3VdbeCloseStatement(Vdbe *, int);
void sqlite3VdbeFrameDelete(VdbeFrame*);
int sqlite3VdbeFrameRestore(VdbeFrame *);
#define sqlite3VdbeMemStoreType(X)  (X)->memType = (u8)((X)->flags&0x1f)
/* void sqlite3VdbeMemStoreType(Mem *pMem); */
int sqlite3VdbeTransferError(Vdbe *p);

int sqlite3VdbeSorterInit(sqlite3 *, VdbeCursor *);

void sqlite3VdbeSorterClose(sqlite3 *, VdbeCursor *);
int sqlite3VdbeSorterRowkey(const VdbeCursor *, Mem *);
int sqlite3VdbeSorterNext(sqlite3 *, const VdbeCursor *, int *);
int sqlite3VdbeSorterRewind(sqlite3 *, const VdbeCursor *, int *);
int sqlite3VdbeSorterWrite(sqlite3 *, const VdbeCursor *, Mem *);
int sqlite3VdbeSorterCompare(const VdbeCursor *, Mem *, int, int *);

................................................................................
#else
# define sqlite3VdbeEnter(X)
# define sqlite3VdbeLeave(X)
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
void sqlite3VdbeMemAboutToChange(Vdbe*,Mem*);

#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY
int sqlite3VdbeCheckFk(Vdbe *, int);
#else
# define sqlite3VdbeCheckFk(p,i) 0
#endif







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  int pseudoTableReg;   /* Register holding pseudotable content. */
  i16 nField;           /* Number of fields in the header */
  u16 nHdrParsed;       /* Number of header fields parsed so far */
  i8 iDb;               /* Index of cursor database in db->aDb[] (or -1) */
  u8 nullRow;           /* True if pointing to a row with no data */
  u8 rowidIsValid;      /* True if lastRowid is valid */
  u8 deferredMoveto;    /* A call to sqlite3BtreeMoveto() is needed */
  Bool isEphemeral:1;   /* True for an ephemeral table */
  Bool useRandomRowid:1;/* Generate new record numbers semi-randomly */
  Bool isTable:1;       /* True if a table requiring integer keys */
  Bool isOrdered:1;     /* True if the underlying table is BTREE_UNORDERED */
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pVtabCursor;  /* The cursor for a virtual table */
  i64 seqCount;         /* Sequence counter */
  i64 movetoTarget;     /* Argument to the deferred sqlite3BtreeMoveto() */
  i64 lastRowid;        /* Rowid being deleted by OP_Delete */
................................................................................
    int nZero;          /* Used when bit MEM_Zero is set in flags */
    FuncDef *pDef;      /* Used only when flags==MEM_Agg */
    RowSet *pRowSet;    /* Used only when flags==MEM_RowSet */
    VdbeFrame *pFrame;  /* Used when flags==MEM_Frame */
  } u;
  int n;              /* Number of characters in string value, excluding '\0' */
  u16 flags;          /* Some combination of MEM_Null, MEM_Str, MEM_Dyn, etc. */

  u8  enc;            /* SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_UTF16BE, SQLITE_UTF16LE */
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  Mem *pScopyFrom;    /* This Mem is a shallow copy of pScopyFrom */
  void *pFiller;      /* So that sizeof(Mem) is a multiple of 8 */
#endif
  void (*xDel)(void *);  /* If not null, call this function to delete Mem.z */
  char *zMalloc;      /* Dynamic buffer allocated by sqlite3_malloc() */
................................................................................
** flags may coexist with the MEM_Str flag.
*/
#define MEM_Null      0x0001   /* Value is NULL */
#define MEM_Str       0x0002   /* Value is a string */
#define MEM_Int       0x0004   /* Value is an integer */
#define MEM_Real      0x0008   /* Value is a real number */
#define MEM_Blob      0x0010   /* Value is a BLOB */
#define MEM_AffMask   0x001f   /* Mask of affinity bits */
#define MEM_RowSet    0x0020   /* Value is a RowSet object */
#define MEM_Frame     0x0040   /* Value is a VdbeFrame object */
#define MEM_Undefined 0x0080   /* Value is undefined */
#define MEM_Cleared   0x0100   /* NULL set by OP_Null, not from data */
#define MEM_TypeMask  0x01ff   /* Mask of type bits */


/* Whenever Mem contains a valid string or blob representation, one of
** the following flags must be set to determine the memory management
** policy for Mem.z.  The MEM_Term flag tells us whether or not the
** string is \000 or \u0000 terminated
*/
#define MEM_Term      0x0200   /* String rep is nul terminated */
#define MEM_Dyn       0x0400   /* Need to call Mem.xDel() on Mem.z */
#define MEM_Static    0x0800   /* Mem.z points to a static string */
#define MEM_Ephem     0x1000   /* Mem.z points to an ephemeral string */
#define MEM_Agg       0x2000   /* Mem.z points to an agg function context */
#define MEM_Zero      0x4000   /* Mem.i contains count of 0s appended to blob */
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_INCRBLOB
  #undef MEM_Zero
  #define MEM_Zero 0x0000
................................................................................
  if( VdbeMemDynamic(X) ) sqlite3VdbeMemReleaseExternal(X);
int sqlite3VdbeMemFinalize(Mem*, FuncDef*);
const char *sqlite3OpcodeName(int);
int sqlite3VdbeMemGrow(Mem *pMem, int n, int preserve);
int sqlite3VdbeCloseStatement(Vdbe *, int);
void sqlite3VdbeFrameDelete(VdbeFrame*);
int sqlite3VdbeFrameRestore(VdbeFrame *);


int sqlite3VdbeTransferError(Vdbe *p);

int sqlite3VdbeSorterInit(sqlite3 *, VdbeCursor *);
void sqlite3VdbeSorterReset(sqlite3 *, VdbeSorter *);
void sqlite3VdbeSorterClose(sqlite3 *, VdbeCursor *);
int sqlite3VdbeSorterRowkey(const VdbeCursor *, Mem *);
int sqlite3VdbeSorterNext(sqlite3 *, const VdbeCursor *, int *);
int sqlite3VdbeSorterRewind(sqlite3 *, const VdbeCursor *, int *);
int sqlite3VdbeSorterWrite(sqlite3 *, const VdbeCursor *, Mem *);
int sqlite3VdbeSorterCompare(const VdbeCursor *, Mem *, int, int *);

................................................................................
#else
# define sqlite3VdbeEnter(X)
# define sqlite3VdbeLeave(X)
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
void sqlite3VdbeMemAboutToChange(Vdbe*,Mem*);
int sqlite3VdbeCheckMemInvariants(Mem*);
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY
int sqlite3VdbeCheckFk(Vdbe *, int);
#else
# define sqlite3VdbeCheckFk(p,i) 0
#endif

Changes to src/vdbeapi.c.

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** The following routines extract information from a Mem or sqlite3_value
** structure.
*/
const void *sqlite3_value_blob(sqlite3_value *pVal){
  Mem *p = (Mem*)pVal;
  if( p->flags & (MEM_Blob|MEM_Str) ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemExpandBlob(p);
    p->flags &= ~MEM_Str;
    p->flags |= MEM_Blob;
    return p->n ? p->z : 0;
  }else{
    return sqlite3_value_text(pVal);
  }
}
int sqlite3_value_bytes(sqlite3_value *pVal){
................................................................................
     SQLITE_FLOAT,    /* 0x1a */
     SQLITE_NULL,     /* 0x1b */
     SQLITE_INTEGER,  /* 0x1c */
     SQLITE_NULL,     /* 0x1d */
     SQLITE_INTEGER,  /* 0x1e */
     SQLITE_NULL,     /* 0x1f */
  };
  return aType[pVal->memType&0x1f];
}

/**************************** sqlite3_result_  *******************************
** The following routines are used by user-defined functions to specify
** the function result.
**
** The setStrOrError() funtion calls sqlite3VdbeMemSetStr() to store the
................................................................................
*/
int sqlite3_data_count(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt){
  Vdbe *pVm = (Vdbe *)pStmt;
  if( pVm==0 || pVm->pResultSet==0 ) return 0;
  return pVm->nResColumn;
}


























/*
** Check to see if column iCol of the given statement is valid.  If
** it is, return a pointer to the Mem for the value of that column.
** If iCol is not valid, return a pointer to a Mem which has a value
** of NULL.
*/
................................................................................
  Mem *pOut;

  pVm = (Vdbe *)pStmt;
  if( pVm && pVm->pResultSet!=0 && i<pVm->nResColumn && i>=0 ){
    sqlite3_mutex_enter(pVm->db->mutex);
    pOut = &pVm->pResultSet[i];
  }else{
    /* If the value passed as the second argument is out of range, return
    ** a pointer to the following static Mem object which contains the
    ** value SQL NULL. Even though the Mem structure contains an element
    ** of type i64, on certain architectures (x86) with certain compiler
    ** switches (-Os), gcc may align this Mem object on a 4-byte boundary
    ** instead of an 8-byte one. This all works fine, except that when
    ** running with SQLITE_DEBUG defined the SQLite code sometimes assert()s
    ** that a Mem structure is located on an 8-byte boundary. To prevent
    ** these assert()s from failing, when building with SQLITE_DEBUG defined
    ** using gcc, we force nullMem to be 8-byte aligned using the magical
    ** __attribute__((aligned(8))) macro.  */
    static const Mem nullMem 
#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) && defined(__GNUC__)
      __attribute__((aligned(8))) 
#endif
      = {0, "", (double)0, {0}, 0, MEM_Null, SQLITE_NULL, 0,
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
         0, 0,  /* pScopyFrom, pFiller */
#endif
         0, 0 };

    if( pVm && ALWAYS(pVm->db) ){
      sqlite3_mutex_enter(pVm->db->mutex);
      sqlite3Error(pVm->db, SQLITE_RANGE, 0);
    }
    pOut = (Mem*)&nullMem;
  }
  return pOut;
}

/*
** This function is called after invoking an sqlite3_value_XXX function on a 
** column value (i.e. a value returned by evaluating an SQL expression in the







<







 







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** The following routines extract information from a Mem or sqlite3_value
** structure.
*/
const void *sqlite3_value_blob(sqlite3_value *pVal){
  Mem *p = (Mem*)pVal;
  if( p->flags & (MEM_Blob|MEM_Str) ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemExpandBlob(p);

    p->flags |= MEM_Blob;
    return p->n ? p->z : 0;
  }else{
    return sqlite3_value_text(pVal);
  }
}
int sqlite3_value_bytes(sqlite3_value *pVal){
................................................................................
     SQLITE_FLOAT,    /* 0x1a */
     SQLITE_NULL,     /* 0x1b */
     SQLITE_INTEGER,  /* 0x1c */
     SQLITE_NULL,     /* 0x1d */
     SQLITE_INTEGER,  /* 0x1e */
     SQLITE_NULL,     /* 0x1f */
  };
  return aType[pVal->flags&MEM_AffMask];
}

/**************************** sqlite3_result_  *******************************
** The following routines are used by user-defined functions to specify
** the function result.
**
** The setStrOrError() funtion calls sqlite3VdbeMemSetStr() to store the
................................................................................
*/
int sqlite3_data_count(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt){
  Vdbe *pVm = (Vdbe *)pStmt;
  if( pVm==0 || pVm->pResultSet==0 ) return 0;
  return pVm->nResColumn;
}

/*
** Return a pointer to static memory containing an SQL NULL value.
*/
static const Mem *columnNullValue(void){
  /* Even though the Mem structure contains an element
  ** of type i64, on certain architectures (x86) with certain compiler
  ** switches (-Os), gcc may align this Mem object on a 4-byte boundary
  ** instead of an 8-byte one. This all works fine, except that when
  ** running with SQLITE_DEBUG defined the SQLite code sometimes assert()s
  ** that a Mem structure is located on an 8-byte boundary. To prevent
  ** these assert()s from failing, when building with SQLITE_DEBUG defined
  ** using gcc, we force nullMem to be 8-byte aligned using the magical
  ** __attribute__((aligned(8))) macro.  */
  static const Mem nullMem 
#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) && defined(__GNUC__)
    __attribute__((aligned(8))) 
#endif
    = {0, "", (double)0, {0}, 0, MEM_Null, 0,
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
       0, 0,  /* pScopyFrom, pFiller */
#endif
       0, 0 };
  return &nullMem;
}

/*
** Check to see if column iCol of the given statement is valid.  If
** it is, return a pointer to the Mem for the value of that column.
** If iCol is not valid, return a pointer to a Mem which has a value
** of NULL.
*/
................................................................................
  Mem *pOut;

  pVm = (Vdbe *)pStmt;
  if( pVm && pVm->pResultSet!=0 && i<pVm->nResColumn && i>=0 ){
    sqlite3_mutex_enter(pVm->db->mutex);
    pOut = &pVm->pResultSet[i];
  }else{





















    if( pVm && ALWAYS(pVm->db) ){
      sqlite3_mutex_enter(pVm->db->mutex);
      sqlite3Error(pVm->db, SQLITE_RANGE, 0);
    }
    pOut = (Mem*)columnNullValue();
  }
  return pOut;
}

/*
** This function is called after invoking an sqlite3_value_XXX function on a 
** column value (i.e. a value returned by evaluating an SQL expression in the

Changes to src/vdbeaux.c.

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** a prior call to sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel().
*/
void sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(Vdbe *v, int x){
  Parse *p = v->pParse;
  int j = -1-x;
  assert( v->magic==VDBE_MAGIC_INIT );
  assert( j<p->nLabel );
  if( j>=0 && p->aLabel ){
    p->aLabel[j] = v->nOp;
  }
  p->iFixedOp = v->nOp - 1;
}

/*
** Mark the VDBE as one that can only be run one time.
................................................................................
  }
  assert( p->nOp>0 );
  assert( addr<p->nOp );
  if( addr<0 ){
    addr = p->nOp - 1;
  }
  pOp = &p->aOp[addr];
  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_NOTUSED || pOp->p4type==P4_INT32 );


  freeP4(db, pOp->p4type, pOp->p4.p);
  pOp->p4.p = 0;
  if( n==P4_INT32 ){
    /* Note: this cast is safe, because the origin data point was an int
    ** that was cast to a (const char *). */
    pOp->p4.i = SQLITE_PTR_TO_INT(zP4);
    pOp->p4type = P4_INT32;
................................................................................
      for(pEnd=&p[N]; p<pEnd; p++){
        sqlite3DbFree(db, p->zMalloc);
      }
      return;
    }
    for(pEnd=&p[N]; p<pEnd; p++){
      assert( (&p[1])==pEnd || p[0].db==p[1].db );


      /* This block is really an inlined version of sqlite3VdbeMemRelease()
      ** that takes advantage of the fact that the memory cell value is 
      ** being set to NULL after releasing any dynamic resources.
      **
      ** The justification for duplicating code is that according to 
      ** callgrind, this causes a certain test case to hit the CPU 4.7 
      ** percent less (x86 linux, gcc version 4.1.2, -O6) than if 
      ** sqlite3MemRelease() were called from here. With -O2, this jumps
      ** to 6.6 percent. The test case is inserting 1000 rows into a table 
      ** with no indexes using a single prepared INSERT statement, bind() 
      ** and reset(). Inserts are grouped into a transaction.
      */




      if( p->flags&(MEM_Agg|MEM_Dyn|MEM_Frame|MEM_RowSet) ){
        sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(p);
      }else if( p->zMalloc ){
        sqlite3DbFree(db, p->zMalloc);
        p->zMalloc = 0;
      }

................................................................................
      for(j=0; i>=apSub[j]->nOp; j++){
        i -= apSub[j]->nOp;
      }
      pOp = &apSub[j]->aOp[i];
    }
    if( p->explain==1 ){
      pMem->flags = MEM_Int;
      pMem->memType = MEM_Int;
      pMem->u.i = i;                                /* Program counter */
      pMem++;
  
      pMem->flags = MEM_Static|MEM_Str|MEM_Term;
      pMem->z = (char*)sqlite3OpcodeName(pOp->opcode); /* Opcode */
      assert( pMem->z!=0 );
      pMem->n = sqlite3Strlen30(pMem->z);
      pMem->memType = MEM_Str;
      pMem->enc = SQLITE_UTF8;
      pMem++;

      /* When an OP_Program opcode is encounter (the only opcode that has
      ** a P4_SUBPROGRAM argument), expand the size of the array of subprograms
      ** kept in p->aMem[9].z to hold the new program - assuming this subprogram
      ** has not already been seen.
................................................................................
          pSub->n = nSub*sizeof(SubProgram*);
        }
      }
    }

    pMem->flags = MEM_Int;
    pMem->u.i = pOp->p1;                          /* P1 */
    pMem->memType = MEM_Int;
    pMem++;

    pMem->flags = MEM_Int;
    pMem->u.i = pOp->p2;                          /* P2 */
    pMem->memType = MEM_Int;
    pMem++;

    pMem->flags = MEM_Int;
    pMem->u.i = pOp->p3;                          /* P3 */
    pMem->memType = MEM_Int;
    pMem++;

    if( sqlite3VdbeMemGrow(pMem, 32, 0) ){            /* P4 */
      assert( p->db->mallocFailed );
      return SQLITE_ERROR;
    }
    pMem->flags = MEM_Dyn|MEM_Str|MEM_Term;
    zP4 = displayP4(pOp, pMem->z, 32);
    if( zP4!=pMem->z ){
      sqlite3VdbeMemSetStr(pMem, zP4, -1, SQLITE_UTF8, 0);
    }else{
      assert( pMem->z!=0 );
      pMem->n = sqlite3Strlen30(pMem->z);
      pMem->enc = SQLITE_UTF8;
    }
    pMem->memType = MEM_Str;
    pMem++;

    if( p->explain==1 ){
      if( sqlite3VdbeMemGrow(pMem, 4, 0) ){
        assert( p->db->mallocFailed );
        return SQLITE_ERROR;
      }
      pMem->flags = MEM_Dyn|MEM_Str|MEM_Term;
      pMem->n = 2;
      sqlite3_snprintf(3, pMem->z, "%.2x", pOp->p5);   /* P5 */
      pMem->memType = MEM_Str;
      pMem->enc = SQLITE_UTF8;
      pMem++;
  
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_EXPLAIN_COMMENTS
      if( sqlite3VdbeMemGrow(pMem, 500, 0) ){
        assert( p->db->mallocFailed );
        return SQLITE_ERROR;
      }
      pMem->flags = MEM_Dyn|MEM_Str|MEM_Term;
      pMem->n = displayComment(pOp, zP4, pMem->z, 500);
      pMem->memType = MEM_Str;
      pMem->enc = SQLITE_UTF8;
#else
      pMem->flags = MEM_Null;                       /* Comment */
      pMem->memType = MEM_Null;
#endif
    }

    p->nResColumn = 8 - 4*(p->explain-1);
    p->pResultSet = &p->aMem[1];
    p->rc = SQLITE_OK;
    rc = SQLITE_ROW;
................................................................................
    p->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
  }else if( p->pCursor ){
    int hasMoved;
    int rc = sqlite3BtreeCursorHasMoved(p->pCursor, &hasMoved);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    if( hasMoved ){
      p->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
      p->nullRow = 1;
    }
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** The following functions:
................................................................................
    return len;
  }

  /* NULL or constants 0 or 1 */
  return 0;
}









/*
** Deserialize the data blob pointed to by buf as serial type serial_type
** and store the result in pMem.  Return the number of bytes read.
*/ 
u32 sqlite3VdbeSerialGet(
  const unsigned char *buf,     /* Buffer to deserialize from */
  u32 serial_type,              /* Serial type to deserialize */
  Mem *pMem                     /* Memory cell to write value into */
){
  u64 x;
  u32 y;
  int i;
  switch( serial_type ){
    case 10:   /* Reserved for future use */
    case 11:   /* Reserved for future use */
    case 0: {  /* NULL */
      pMem->flags = MEM_Null;
      break;
    }
    case 1: { /* 1-byte signed integer */
      pMem->u.i = (signed char)buf[0];
      pMem->flags = MEM_Int;

      return 1;
    }
    case 2: { /* 2-byte signed integer */
      i = 256*(signed char)buf[0] | buf[1];
      pMem->u.i = (i64)i;
      pMem->flags = MEM_Int;
      return 2;
    }
    case 3: { /* 3-byte signed integer */
      i = 65536*(signed char)buf[0] | (buf[1]<<8) | buf[2];
      pMem->u.i = (i64)i;
      pMem->flags = MEM_Int;
      return 3;
    }
    case 4: { /* 4-byte signed integer */
      y = ((unsigned)buf[0]<<24) | (buf[1]<<16) | (buf[2]<<8) | buf[3];
      pMem->u.i = (i64)*(int*)&y;
      pMem->flags = MEM_Int;

      return 4;
    }
    case 5: { /* 6-byte signed integer */
      x = 256*(signed char)buf[0] + buf[1];
      y = ((unsigned)buf[2]<<24) | (buf[3]<<16) | (buf[4]<<8) | buf[5];
      x = (x<<32) | y;
      pMem->u.i = *(i64*)&x;
      pMem->flags = MEM_Int;

      return 6;
    }
    case 6:   /* 8-byte signed integer */
    case 7: { /* IEEE floating point */
#if !defined(NDEBUG) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT)
      /* Verify that integers and floating point values use the same
      ** byte order.  Or, that if SQLITE_MIXED_ENDIAN_64BIT_FLOAT is
................................................................................
      */
      static const u64 t1 = ((u64)0x3ff00000)<<32;
      static const double r1 = 1.0;
      u64 t2 = t1;
      swapMixedEndianFloat(t2);
      assert( sizeof(r1)==sizeof(t2) && memcmp(&r1, &t2, sizeof(r1))==0 );
#endif
      x = ((unsigned)buf[0]<<24) | (buf[1]<<16) | (buf[2]<<8) | buf[3];
      y = ((unsigned)buf[4]<<24) | (buf[5]<<16) | (buf[6]<<8) | buf[7];
      x = (x<<32) | y;
      if( serial_type==6 ){
        pMem->u.i = *(i64*)&x;
        pMem->flags = MEM_Int;

      }else{
        assert( sizeof(x)==8 && sizeof(pMem->r)==8 );
        swapMixedEndianFloat(x);
        memcpy(&pMem->r, &x, sizeof(x));
        pMem->flags = sqlite3IsNaN(pMem->r) ? MEM_Null : MEM_Real;
      }
      return 8;
................................................................................
  const unsigned char *aKey = (const unsigned char *)pKey;
  int d; 
  u32 idx;                        /* Offset in aKey[] to read from */
  u16 u;                          /* Unsigned loop counter */
  u32 szHdr;
  Mem *pMem = p->aMem;

  p->flags = 0;
  assert( EIGHT_BYTE_ALIGNMENT(pMem) );
  idx = getVarint32(aKey, szHdr);
  d = szHdr;
  u = 0;
  while( idx<szHdr && u<p->nField && d<=nKey ){
    u32 serial_type;

................................................................................
    pMem++;
    u++;
  }
  assert( u<=pKeyInfo->nField + 1 );
  p->nField = u;
}


/*
** This function compares the two table rows or index records
** specified by {nKey1, pKey1} and pPKey2.  It returns a negative, zero
** or positive integer if key1 is less than, equal to or 
** greater than key2.  The {nKey1, pKey1} key must be a blob
** created by th OP_MakeRecord opcode of the VDBE.  The pPKey2
** key must be a parsed key such as obtained from
** sqlite3VdbeParseRecord.
**
** Key1 and Key2 do not have to contain the same number of fields.
** The key with fewer fields is usually compares less than the 
** longer key.  However if the UNPACKED_INCRKEY flags in pPKey2 is set
** and the common prefixes are equal, then key1 is less than key2.
** Or if the UNPACKED_MATCH_PREFIX flag is set and the prefixes are
** equal, then the keys are considered to be equal and
** the parts beyond the common prefix are ignored.
*/
int sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(
  int nKey1, const void *pKey1, /* Left key */
  UnpackedRecord *pPKey2        /* Right key */
){
  u32 d1;            /* Offset into aKey[] of next data element */
  u32 idx1;          /* Offset into aKey[] of next header element */
  u32 szHdr1;        /* Number of bytes in header */
  int i = 0;
  int rc = 0;
  const unsigned char *aKey1 = (const unsigned char *)pKey1;
................................................................................
  /* No memory allocation is ever used on mem1.  Prove this using
  ** the following assert().  If the assert() fails, it indicates a
  ** memory leak and a need to call sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(&mem1).
  */
  assert( mem1.zMalloc==0 );

  /* rc==0 here means that one of the keys ran out of fields and
  ** all the fields up to that point were equal. If the UNPACKED_INCRKEY
  ** flag is set, then break the tie by treating key2 as larger.
  ** If the UPACKED_PREFIX_MATCH flag is set, then keys with common prefixes
  ** are considered to be equal.  Otherwise, the longer key is the 

  ** larger.  As it happens, the pPKey2 will always be the longer
  ** if there is a difference.






  */




















































































































  assert( rc==0 );
  if( pPKey2->flags & UNPACKED_INCRKEY ){





















































































































    rc = -1;
  }else if( pPKey2->flags & UNPACKED_PREFIX_MATCH ){
    /* Leave rc==0 */













  }else if( idx1<szHdr1 ){
    rc = 1;
  }





























































































  return rc;
}
 




































































































































































































































/*
** pCur points at an index entry created using the OP_MakeRecord opcode.
** Read the rowid (the last field in the record) and store it in *rowid.
** Return SQLITE_OK if everything works, or an error code otherwise.
**
** pCur might be pointing to text obtained from a corrupt database file.
................................................................................
**
** pUnpacked is either created without a rowid or is truncated so that it
** omits the rowid at the end.  The rowid at the end of the index entry
** is ignored as well.  Hence, this routine only compares the prefixes 
** of the keys prior to the final rowid, not the entire key.
*/
int sqlite3VdbeIdxKeyCompare(
  VdbeCursor *pC,             /* The cursor to compare against */
  UnpackedRecord *pUnpacked,  /* Unpacked version of key to compare against */
  int *res                    /* Write the comparison result here */
){
  i64 nCellKey = 0;
  int rc;
  BtCursor *pCur = pC->pCursor;
  Mem m;

  assert( sqlite3BtreeCursorIsValid(pCur) );
  VVA_ONLY(rc =) sqlite3BtreeKeySize(pCur, &nCellKey);
  assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );    /* pCur is always valid so KeySize cannot fail */
  /* nCellKey will always be between 0 and 0xffffffff because of the say
  ** that btreeParseCellPtr() and sqlite3GetVarint32() are implemented */
  if( nCellKey<=0 || nCellKey>0x7fffffff ){
    *res = 0;
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }
  memset(&m, 0, sizeof(m));
  rc = sqlite3VdbeMemFromBtree(pC->pCursor, 0, (u32)nCellKey, 1, &m);
  if( rc ){
    return rc;
  }
  assert( pUnpacked->flags & UNPACKED_PREFIX_MATCH );
  *res = sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(m.n, m.z, pUnpacked);
  sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(&m);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** This routine sets the value to be returned by subsequent calls to
** sqlite3_changes() on the database handle 'db'. 
................................................................................
  if( v ){
    Mem *pMem = &v->aVar[iVar-1];
    if( 0==(pMem->flags & MEM_Null) ){
      sqlite3_value *pRet = sqlite3ValueNew(v->db);
      if( pRet ){
        sqlite3VdbeMemCopy((Mem *)pRet, pMem);
        sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(pRet, aff, SQLITE_UTF8);
        sqlite3VdbeMemStoreType((Mem *)pRet);
      }
      return pRet;
    }
  }
  return 0;
}








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3805
3806
3807
3808
3809
....
3886
3887
3888
3889
3890
3891
3892
3893
3894
3895
3896
3897
3898
3899
3900
3901
3902
3903
3904
3905
3906
3907
3908
3909
3910
3911
3912
3913
3914
3915

3916
3917
3918
3919
3920
3921
3922
3923
....
3973
3974
3975
3976
3977
3978
3979

3980
3981
3982
3983
3984
3985
3986
** a prior call to sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel().
*/
void sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(Vdbe *v, int x){
  Parse *p = v->pParse;
  int j = -1-x;
  assert( v->magic==VDBE_MAGIC_INIT );
  assert( j<p->nLabel );
  if( ALWAYS(j>=0) && p->aLabel ){
    p->aLabel[j] = v->nOp;
  }
  p->iFixedOp = v->nOp - 1;
}

/*
** Mark the VDBE as one that can only be run one time.
................................................................................
  }
  assert( p->nOp>0 );
  assert( addr<p->nOp );
  if( addr<0 ){
    addr = p->nOp - 1;
  }
  pOp = &p->aOp[addr];
  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_NOTUSED
       || pOp->p4type==P4_INT32
       || pOp->p4type==P4_KEYINFO );
  freeP4(db, pOp->p4type, pOp->p4.p);
  pOp->p4.p = 0;
  if( n==P4_INT32 ){
    /* Note: this cast is safe, because the origin data point was an int
    ** that was cast to a (const char *). */
    pOp->p4.i = SQLITE_PTR_TO_INT(zP4);
    pOp->p4type = P4_INT32;
................................................................................
      for(pEnd=&p[N]; p<pEnd; p++){
        sqlite3DbFree(db, p->zMalloc);
      }
      return;
    }
    for(pEnd=&p[N]; p<pEnd; p++){
      assert( (&p[1])==pEnd || p[0].db==p[1].db );
      assert( sqlite3VdbeCheckMemInvariants(p) );

      /* This block is really an inlined version of sqlite3VdbeMemRelease()
      ** that takes advantage of the fact that the memory cell value is 
      ** being set to NULL after releasing any dynamic resources.
      **
      ** The justification for duplicating code is that according to 
      ** callgrind, this causes a certain test case to hit the CPU 4.7 
      ** percent less (x86 linux, gcc version 4.1.2, -O6) than if 
      ** sqlite3MemRelease() were called from here. With -O2, this jumps
      ** to 6.6 percent. The test case is inserting 1000 rows into a table 
      ** with no indexes using a single prepared INSERT statement, bind() 
      ** and reset(). Inserts are grouped into a transaction.
      */
      testcase( p->flags & MEM_Agg );
      testcase( p->flags & MEM_Dyn );
      testcase( p->flags & MEM_Frame );
      testcase( p->flags & MEM_RowSet );
      if( p->flags&(MEM_Agg|MEM_Dyn|MEM_Frame|MEM_RowSet) ){
        sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(p);
      }else if( p->zMalloc ){
        sqlite3DbFree(db, p->zMalloc);
        p->zMalloc = 0;
      }

................................................................................
      for(j=0; i>=apSub[j]->nOp; j++){
        i -= apSub[j]->nOp;
      }
      pOp = &apSub[j]->aOp[i];
    }
    if( p->explain==1 ){
      pMem->flags = MEM_Int;

      pMem->u.i = i;                                /* Program counter */
      pMem++;
  
      pMem->flags = MEM_Static|MEM_Str|MEM_Term;
      pMem->z = (char*)sqlite3OpcodeName(pOp->opcode); /* Opcode */
      assert( pMem->z!=0 );
      pMem->n = sqlite3Strlen30(pMem->z);

      pMem->enc = SQLITE_UTF8;
      pMem++;

      /* When an OP_Program opcode is encounter (the only opcode that has
      ** a P4_SUBPROGRAM argument), expand the size of the array of subprograms
      ** kept in p->aMem[9].z to hold the new program - assuming this subprogram
      ** has not already been seen.
................................................................................
          pSub->n = nSub*sizeof(SubProgram*);
        }
      }
    }

    pMem->flags = MEM_Int;
    pMem->u.i = pOp->p1;                          /* P1 */

    pMem++;

    pMem->flags = MEM_Int;
    pMem->u.i = pOp->p2;                          /* P2 */

    pMem++;

    pMem->flags = MEM_Int;
    pMem->u.i = pOp->p3;                          /* P3 */

    pMem++;

    if( sqlite3VdbeMemGrow(pMem, 32, 0) ){            /* P4 */
      assert( p->db->mallocFailed );
      return SQLITE_ERROR;
    }
    pMem->flags = MEM_Str|MEM_Term;
    zP4 = displayP4(pOp, pMem->z, 32);
    if( zP4!=pMem->z ){
      sqlite3VdbeMemSetStr(pMem, zP4, -1, SQLITE_UTF8, 0);
    }else{
      assert( pMem->z!=0 );
      pMem->n = sqlite3Strlen30(pMem->z);
      pMem->enc = SQLITE_UTF8;
    }

    pMem++;

    if( p->explain==1 ){
      if( sqlite3VdbeMemGrow(pMem, 4, 0) ){
        assert( p->db->mallocFailed );
        return SQLITE_ERROR;
      }
      pMem->flags = MEM_Str|MEM_Term;
      pMem->n = 2;
      sqlite3_snprintf(3, pMem->z, "%.2x", pOp->p5);   /* P5 */

      pMem->enc = SQLITE_UTF8;
      pMem++;
  
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_EXPLAIN_COMMENTS
      if( sqlite3VdbeMemGrow(pMem, 500, 0) ){
        assert( p->db->mallocFailed );
        return SQLITE_ERROR;
      }
      pMem->flags = MEM_Str|MEM_Term;
      pMem->n = displayComment(pOp, zP4, pMem->z, 500);

      pMem->enc = SQLITE_UTF8;
#else
      pMem->flags = MEM_Null;                       /* Comment */

#endif
    }

    p->nResColumn = 8 - 4*(p->explain-1);
    p->pResultSet = &p->aMem[1];
    p->rc = SQLITE_OK;
    rc = SQLITE_ROW;
................................................................................
    p->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
  }else if( p->pCursor ){
    int hasMoved;
    int rc = sqlite3BtreeCursorHasMoved(p->pCursor, &hasMoved);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    if( hasMoved ){
      p->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
      if( hasMoved==2 ) p->nullRow = 1;
    }
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** The following functions:
................................................................................
    return len;
  }

  /* NULL or constants 0 or 1 */
  return 0;
}

/* Input "x" is a sequence of unsigned characters that represent a
** big-endian integer.  Return the equivalent native integer
*/
#define ONE_BYTE_INT(x)    ((i8)(x)[0])
#define TWO_BYTE_INT(x)    (256*(i8)((x)[0])|(x)[1])
#define THREE_BYTE_INT(x)  (65536*(i8)((x)[0])|((x)[1]<<8)|(x)[2])
#define FOUR_BYTE_UINT(x)  (((u32)(x)[0]<<24)|((x)[1]<<16)|((x)[2]<<8)|(x)[3])

/*
** Deserialize the data blob pointed to by buf as serial type serial_type
** and store the result in pMem.  Return the number of bytes read.
*/ 
u32 sqlite3VdbeSerialGet(
  const unsigned char *buf,     /* Buffer to deserialize from */
  u32 serial_type,              /* Serial type to deserialize */
  Mem *pMem                     /* Memory cell to write value into */
){
  u64 x;
  u32 y;

  switch( serial_type ){
    case 10:   /* Reserved for future use */
    case 11:   /* Reserved for future use */
    case 0: {  /* NULL */
      pMem->flags = MEM_Null;
      break;
    }
    case 1: { /* 1-byte signed integer */
      pMem->u.i = ONE_BYTE_INT(buf);
      pMem->flags = MEM_Int;
      testcase( pMem->u.i<0 );
      return 1;
    }
    case 2: { /* 2-byte signed integer */
      pMem->u.i = TWO_BYTE_INT(buf);
      pMem->flags = MEM_Int;
      testcase( pMem->u.i<0 );
      return 2;
    }
    case 3: { /* 3-byte signed integer */
      pMem->u.i = THREE_BYTE_INT(buf);
      pMem->flags = MEM_Int;
      testcase( pMem->u.i<0 );
      return 3;
    }
    case 4: { /* 4-byte signed integer */
      y = FOUR_BYTE_UINT(buf);
      pMem->u.i = (i64)*(int*)&y;
      pMem->flags = MEM_Int;
      testcase( pMem->u.i<0 );
      return 4;
    }
    case 5: { /* 6-byte signed integer */
      pMem->u.i = FOUR_BYTE_UINT(buf+2) + (((i64)1)<<32)*TWO_BYTE_INT(buf);



      pMem->flags = MEM_Int;
      testcase( pMem->u.i<0 );
      return 6;
    }
    case 6:   /* 8-byte signed integer */
    case 7: { /* IEEE floating point */
#if !defined(NDEBUG) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT)
      /* Verify that integers and floating point values use the same
      ** byte order.  Or, that if SQLITE_MIXED_ENDIAN_64BIT_FLOAT is
................................................................................
      */
      static const u64 t1 = ((u64)0x3ff00000)<<32;
      static const double r1 = 1.0;
      u64 t2 = t1;
      swapMixedEndianFloat(t2);
      assert( sizeof(r1)==sizeof(t2) && memcmp(&r1, &t2, sizeof(r1))==0 );
#endif
      x = FOUR_BYTE_UINT(buf);
      y = FOUR_BYTE_UINT(buf+4);
      x = (x<<32) | y;
      if( serial_type==6 ){
        pMem->u.i = *(i64*)&x;
        pMem->flags = MEM_Int;
        testcase( pMem->u.i<0 );
      }else{
        assert( sizeof(x)==8 && sizeof(pMem->r)==8 );
        swapMixedEndianFloat(x);
        memcpy(&pMem->r, &x, sizeof(x));
        pMem->flags = sqlite3IsNaN(pMem->r) ? MEM_Null : MEM_Real;
      }
      return 8;
................................................................................
  const unsigned char *aKey = (const unsigned char *)pKey;
  int d; 
  u32 idx;                        /* Offset in aKey[] to read from */
  u16 u;                          /* Unsigned loop counter */
  u32 szHdr;
  Mem *pMem = p->aMem;

  p->default_rc = 0;
  assert( EIGHT_BYTE_ALIGNMENT(pMem) );
  idx = getVarint32(aKey, szHdr);
  d = szHdr;
  u = 0;
  while( idx<szHdr && u<p->nField && d<=nKey ){
    u32 serial_type;

................................................................................
    pMem++;
    u++;
  }
  assert( u<=pKeyInfo->nField + 1 );
  p->nField = u;
}

#if SQLITE_DEBUG
/*
** This function compares two index or table record keys in the same way

** as the sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare() routine. Unlike VdbeRecordCompare(),
** this function deserializes and compares values using the
** sqlite3VdbeSerialGet() and sqlite3MemCompare() functions. It is used
** in assert() statements to ensure that the optimized code in
** sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare() returns results with these two primitives.








*/
static int vdbeRecordCompareDebug(
  int nKey1, const void *pKey1, /* Left key */
  const UnpackedRecord *pPKey2  /* Right key */
){
  u32 d1;            /* Offset into aKey[] of next data element */
  u32 idx1;          /* Offset into aKey[] of next header element */
  u32 szHdr1;        /* Number of bytes in header */
  int i = 0;
  int rc = 0;
  const unsigned char *aKey1 = (const unsigned char *)pKey1;
................................................................................
  /* No memory allocation is ever used on mem1.  Prove this using
  ** the following assert().  If the assert() fails, it indicates a
  ** memory leak and a need to call sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(&mem1).
  */
  assert( mem1.zMalloc==0 );

  /* rc==0 here means that one of the keys ran out of fields and
  ** all the fields up to that point were equal. Return the the default_rc
  ** value.  */
  return pPKey2->default_rc;

}
#endif


/*
** Both *pMem1 and *pMem2 contain string values. Compare the two values
** using the collation sequence pColl. As usual, return a negative , zero
** or positive value if *pMem1 is less than, equal to or greater than 
** *pMem2, respectively. Similar in spirit to "rc = (*pMem1) - (*pMem2);".
*/
static int vdbeCompareMemString(
  const Mem *pMem1,
  const Mem *pMem2,
  const CollSeq *pColl
){
  if( pMem1->enc==pColl->enc ){
    /* The strings are already in the correct encoding.  Call the
     ** comparison function directly */
    return pColl->xCmp(pColl->pUser,pMem1->n,pMem1->z,pMem2->n,pMem2->z);
  }else{
    int rc;
    const void *v1, *v2;
    int n1, n2;
    Mem c1;
    Mem c2;
    memset(&c1, 0, sizeof(c1));
    memset(&c2, 0, sizeof(c2));
    sqlite3VdbeMemShallowCopy(&c1, pMem1, MEM_Ephem);
    sqlite3VdbeMemShallowCopy(&c2, pMem2, MEM_Ephem);
    v1 = sqlite3ValueText((sqlite3_value*)&c1, pColl->enc);
    n1 = v1==0 ? 0 : c1.n;
    v2 = sqlite3ValueText((sqlite3_value*)&c2, pColl->enc);
    n2 = v2==0 ? 0 : c2.n;
    rc = pColl->xCmp(pColl->pUser, n1, v1, n2, v2);
    sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(&c1);
    sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(&c2);
    return rc;
  }
}

/*
** Compare the values contained by the two memory cells, returning
** negative, zero or positive if pMem1 is less than, equal to, or greater
** than pMem2. Sorting order is NULL's first, followed by numbers (integers
** and reals) sorted numerically, followed by text ordered by the collating
** sequence pColl and finally blob's ordered by memcmp().
**
** Two NULL values are considered equal by this function.
*/
int sqlite3MemCompare(const Mem *pMem1, const Mem *pMem2, const CollSeq *pColl){
  int rc;
  int f1, f2;
  int combined_flags;

  f1 = pMem1->flags;
  f2 = pMem2->flags;
  combined_flags = f1|f2;
  assert( (combined_flags & MEM_RowSet)==0 );
 
  /* If one value is NULL, it is less than the other. If both values
  ** are NULL, return 0.
  */
  if( combined_flags&MEM_Null ){
    return (f2&MEM_Null) - (f1&MEM_Null);
  }

  /* If one value is a number and the other is not, the number is less.
  ** If both are numbers, compare as reals if one is a real, or as integers
  ** if both values are integers.
  */
  if( combined_flags&(MEM_Int|MEM_Real) ){
    double r1, r2;
    if( (f1 & f2 & MEM_Int)!=0 ){
      if( pMem1->u.i < pMem2->u.i ) return -1;
      if( pMem1->u.i > pMem2->u.i ) return 1;
      return 0;
    }
    if( (f1&MEM_Real)!=0 ){
      r1 = pMem1->r;
    }else if( (f1&MEM_Int)!=0 ){
      r1 = (double)pMem1->u.i;
    }else{
      return 1;
    }
    if( (f2&MEM_Real)!=0 ){
      r2 = pMem2->r;
    }else if( (f2&MEM_Int)!=0 ){
      r2 = (double)pMem2->u.i;
    }else{
      return -1;
    }
    if( r1<r2 ) return -1;
    if( r1>r2 ) return 1;
    return 0;
  }

  /* If one value is a string and the other is a blob, the string is less.
  ** If both are strings, compare using the collating functions.
  */
  if( combined_flags&MEM_Str ){
    if( (f1 & MEM_Str)==0 ){
      return 1;
    }
    if( (f2 & MEM_Str)==0 ){
      return -1;
    }

    assert( pMem1->enc==pMem2->enc );
    assert( pMem1->enc==SQLITE_UTF8 || 
            pMem1->enc==SQLITE_UTF16LE || pMem1->enc==SQLITE_UTF16BE );

    /* The collation sequence must be defined at this point, even if
    ** the user deletes the collation sequence after the vdbe program is
    ** compiled (this was not always the case).
    */
    assert( !pColl || pColl->xCmp );

    if( pColl ){
      return vdbeCompareMemString(pMem1, pMem2, pColl);
    }
    /* If a NULL pointer was passed as the collate function, fall through
    ** to the blob case and use memcmp().  */
  }
 
  /* Both values must be blobs.  Compare using memcmp().  */
  rc = memcmp(pMem1->z, pMem2->z, (pMem1->n>pMem2->n)?pMem2->n:pMem1->n);
  if( rc==0 ){

    rc = pMem1->n - pMem2->n;
  }
  return rc;
}


/*
** The first argument passed to this function is a serial-type that
** corresponds to an integer - all values between 1 and 9 inclusive 
** except 7. The second points to a buffer containing an integer value
** serialized according to serial_type. This function deserializes
** and returns the value.
*/
static i64 vdbeRecordDecodeInt(u32 serial_type, const u8 *aKey){
  u32 y;
  assert( CORRUPT_DB || (serial_type>=1 && serial_type<=9 && serial_type!=7) );
  switch( serial_type ){
    case 0:
    case 1:
      testcase( aKey[0]&0x80 );
      return ONE_BYTE_INT(aKey);
    case 2:
      testcase( aKey[0]&0x80 );
      return TWO_BYTE_INT(aKey);
    case 3:
      testcase( aKey[0]&0x80 );
      return THREE_BYTE_INT(aKey);
    case 4: {
      testcase( aKey[0]&0x80 );
      y = FOUR_BYTE_UINT(aKey);
      return (i64)*(int*)&y;
    }
    case 5: {
      testcase( aKey[0]&0x80 );
      return FOUR_BYTE_UINT(aKey+2) + (((i64)1)<<32)*TWO_BYTE_INT(aKey);
    }
    case 6: {
      u64 x = FOUR_BYTE_UINT(aKey);
      testcase( aKey[0]&0x80 );
      x = (x<<32) | FOUR_BYTE_UINT(aKey+4);
      return (i64)*(i64*)&x;
    }
  }

  return (serial_type - 8);
}

/*
** This function compares the two table rows or index records
** specified by {nKey1, pKey1} and pPKey2.  It returns a negative, zero
** or positive integer if key1 is less than, equal to or 
** greater than key2.  The {nKey1, pKey1} key must be a blob
** created by th OP_MakeRecord opcode of the VDBE.  The pPKey2
** key must be a parsed key such as obtained from
** sqlite3VdbeParseRecord.
**
** If argument bSkip is non-zero, it is assumed that the caller has already
** determined that the first fields of the keys are equal.
**
** Key1 and Key2 do not have to contain the same number of fields. If all 
** fields that appear in both keys are equal, then pPKey2->default_rc is 
** returned.
**
** If database corruption is discovered, set pPKey2->isCorrupt to non-zero
** and return 0.
*/
int sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(
  int nKey1, const void *pKey1,   /* Left key */
  UnpackedRecord *pPKey2,         /* Right key */
  int bSkip                       /* If true, skip the first field */
){
  u32 d1;                         /* Offset into aKey[] of next data element */
  int i;                          /* Index of next field to compare */
  u32 szHdr1;                     /* Size of record header in bytes */
  u32 idx1;                       /* Offset of first type in header */
  int rc = 0;                     /* Return value */
  Mem *pRhs = pPKey2->aMem;       /* Next field of pPKey2 to compare */
  KeyInfo *pKeyInfo = pPKey2->pKeyInfo;
  const unsigned char *aKey1 = (const unsigned char *)pKey1;
  Mem mem1;

  /* If bSkip is true, then the caller has already determined that the first
  ** two elements in the keys are equal. Fix the various stack variables so
  ** that this routine begins comparing at the second field. */
  if( bSkip ){
    u32 s1;
    idx1 = 1 + getVarint32(&aKey1[1], s1);
    szHdr1 = aKey1[0];
    d1 = szHdr1 + sqlite3VdbeSerialTypeLen(s1);
    i = 1;
    pRhs++;
  }else{
    idx1 = getVarint32(aKey1, szHdr1);
    d1 = szHdr1;
    if( d1>(unsigned)nKey1 ){ 
      pPKey2->isCorrupt = (u8)SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
      return 0;  /* Corruption */
    }
    i = 0;
  }

  VVA_ONLY( mem1.zMalloc = 0; ) /* Only needed by assert() statements */
  assert( pPKey2->pKeyInfo->nField+pPKey2->pKeyInfo->nXField>=pPKey2->nField 
       || CORRUPT_DB );
  assert( pPKey2->pKeyInfo->aSortOrder!=0 );
  assert( pPKey2->pKeyInfo->nField>0 );
  assert( idx1<=szHdr1 || CORRUPT_DB );
  do{
    u32 serial_type;

    /* RHS is an integer */
    if( pRhs->flags & MEM_Int ){
      serial_type = aKey1[idx1];
      testcase( serial_type==12 );
      if( serial_type>=12 ){
        rc = +1;
      }else if( serial_type==0 ){
        rc = -1;


      }else if( serial_type==7 ){
        double rhs = (double)pRhs->u.i;
        sqlite3VdbeSerialGet(&aKey1[d1], serial_type, &mem1);
        if( mem1.r<rhs ){
          rc = -1;
        }else if( mem1.r>rhs ){
          rc = +1;
        }
      }else{
        i64 lhs = vdbeRecordDecodeInt(serial_type, &aKey1[d1]);
        i64 rhs = pRhs->u.i;
        if( lhs<rhs ){
          rc = -1;
        }else if( lhs>rhs ){
          rc = +1;
        }
      }
    }

    /* RHS is real */
    else if( pRhs->flags & MEM_Real ){
      serial_type = aKey1[idx1];
      if( serial_type>=12 ){
        rc = +1;
      }else if( serial_type==0 ){
        rc = -1;
      }else{
        double rhs = pRhs->r;
        double lhs;
        sqlite3VdbeSerialGet(&aKey1[d1], serial_type, &mem1);
        if( serial_type==7 ){
          lhs = mem1.r;
        }else{
          lhs = (double)mem1.u.i;
        }
        if( lhs<rhs ){
          rc = -1;
        }else if( lhs>rhs ){
          rc = +1;
        }
      }
    }

    /* RHS is a string */
    else if( pRhs->flags & MEM_Str ){
      getVarint32(&aKey1[idx1], serial_type);
      testcase( serial_type==12 );
      if( serial_type<12 ){
        rc = -1;
      }else if( !(serial_type & 0x01) ){
        rc = +1;
      }else{
        mem1.n = (serial_type - 12) / 2;
        testcase( (d1+mem1.n)==(unsigned)nKey1 );
        testcase( (d1+mem1.n+1)==(unsigned)nKey1 );
        if( (d1+mem1.n) > (unsigned)nKey1 ){
          pPKey2->isCorrupt = (u8)SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
          return 0;                /* Corruption */
        }else if( pKeyInfo->aColl[i] ){
          mem1.enc = pKeyInfo->enc;
          mem1.db = pKeyInfo->db;
          mem1.flags = MEM_Str;
          mem1.z = (char*)&aKey1[d1];
          rc = vdbeCompareMemString(&mem1, pRhs, pKeyInfo->aColl[i]);
        }else{
          int nCmp = MIN(mem1.n, pRhs->n);
          rc = memcmp(&aKey1[d1], pRhs->z, nCmp);
          if( rc==0 ) rc = mem1.n - pRhs->n; 
        }
      }
    }

    /* RHS is a blob */
    else if( pRhs->flags & MEM_Blob ){
      getVarint32(&aKey1[idx1], serial_type);
      testcase( serial_type==12 );
      if( serial_type<12 || (serial_type & 0x01) ){
        rc = -1;
      }else{
        int nStr = (serial_type - 12) / 2;
        testcase( (d1+nStr)==(unsigned)nKey1 );
        testcase( (d1+nStr+1)==(unsigned)nKey1 );
        if( (d1+nStr) > (unsigned)nKey1 ){
          pPKey2->isCorrupt = (u8)SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
          return 0;                /* Corruption */
        }else{
          int nCmp = MIN(nStr, pRhs->n);
          rc = memcmp(&aKey1[d1], pRhs->z, nCmp);
          if( rc==0 ) rc = nStr - pRhs->n;
        }
      }
    }

    /* RHS is null */
    else{
      serial_type = aKey1[idx1];
      rc = (serial_type!=0);
    }

    if( rc!=0 ){
      if( pKeyInfo->aSortOrder[i] ){
        rc = -rc;
      }
      assert( CORRUPT_DB
          || (rc<0 && vdbeRecordCompareDebug(nKey1, pKey1, pPKey2)<0)
          || (rc>0 && vdbeRecordCompareDebug(nKey1, pKey1, pPKey2)>0)
          || pKeyInfo->db->mallocFailed
      );
      assert( mem1.zMalloc==0 );  /* See comment below */
      return rc;
    }

    i++;
    pRhs++;
    d1 += sqlite3VdbeSerialTypeLen(serial_type);
    idx1 += sqlite3VarintLen(serial_type);
  }while( idx1<(unsigned)szHdr1 && i<pPKey2->nField && d1<=(unsigned)nKey1 );

  /* No memory allocation is ever used on mem1.  Prove this using
  ** the following assert().  If the assert() fails, it indicates a
  ** memory leak and a need to call sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(&mem1).  */
  assert( mem1.zMalloc==0 );

  /* rc==0 here means that one or both of the keys ran out of fields and
  ** all the fields up to that point were equal. Return the the default_rc
  ** value.  */
  assert( CORRUPT_DB 
       || pPKey2->default_rc==vdbeRecordCompareDebug(nKey1, pKey1, pPKey2) 
  );
  return pPKey2->default_rc;
}

/*
** This function is an optimized version of sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare() 
** that (a) the first field of pPKey2 is an integer, and (b) the 
** size-of-header varint at the start of (pKey1/nKey1) fits in a single
** byte (i.e. is less than 128).
**
** To avoid concerns about buffer overreads, this routine is only used
** on schemas where the maximum valid header size is 63 bytes or less.
*/
static int vdbeRecordCompareInt(
  int nKey1, const void *pKey1, /* Left key */
  UnpackedRecord *pPKey2,       /* Right key */
  int bSkip                     /* Ignored */
){
  const u8 *aKey = &((const u8*)pKey1)[*(const u8*)pKey1 & 0x3F];
  int serial_type = ((const u8*)pKey1)[1];
  int res;
  u32 y;
  u64 x;
  i64 v = pPKey2->aMem[0].u.i;
  i64 lhs;
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(bSkip);

  assert( bSkip==0 );
  assert( (*(u8*)pKey1)<=0x3F || CORRUPT_DB );
  switch( serial_type ){
    case 1: { /* 1-byte signed integer */
      lhs = ONE_BYTE_INT(aKey);
      testcase( lhs<0 );
      break;
    }
    case 2: { /* 2-byte signed integer */
      lhs = TWO_BYTE_INT(aKey);
      testcase( lhs<0 );
      break;
    }
    case 3: { /* 3-byte signed integer */
      lhs = THREE_BYTE_INT(aKey);
      testcase( lhs<0 );
      break;
    }
    case 4: { /* 4-byte signed integer */
      y = FOUR_BYTE_UINT(aKey);
      lhs = (i64)*(int*)&y;
      testcase( lhs<0 );
      break;
    }
    case 5: { /* 6-byte signed integer */
      lhs = FOUR_BYTE_UINT(aKey+2) + (((i64)1)<<32)*TWO_BYTE_INT(aKey);
      testcase( lhs<0 );
      break;
    }
    case 6: { /* 8-byte signed integer */
      x = FOUR_BYTE_UINT(aKey);
      x = (x<<32) | FOUR_BYTE_UINT(aKey+4);
      lhs = *(i64*)&x;
      testcase( lhs<0 );
      break;
    }
    case 8: 
      lhs = 0;
      break;
    case 9:
      lhs = 1;
      break;

    /* This case could be removed without changing the results of running
    ** this code. Including it causes gcc to generate a faster switch 
    ** statement (since the range of switch targets now starts at zero and
    ** is contiguous) but does not cause any duplicate code to be generated
    ** (as gcc is clever enough to combine the two like cases). Other 
    ** compilers might be similar.  */ 
    case 0: case 7:
      return sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(nKey1, pKey1, pPKey2, 0);

    default:
      return sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(nKey1, pKey1, pPKey2, 0);
  }

  if( v>lhs ){
    res = pPKey2->r1;
  }else if( v<lhs ){
    res = pPKey2->r2;
  }else if( pPKey2->nField>1 ){
    /* The first fields of the two keys are equal. Compare the trailing 
    ** fields.  */
    res = sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(nKey1, pKey1, pPKey2, 1);
  }else{
    /* The first fields of the two keys are equal and there are no trailing
    ** fields. Return pPKey2->default_rc in this case. */
    res = pPKey2->default_rc;
  }

  assert( (res==0 && vdbeRecordCompareDebug(nKey1, pKey1, pPKey2)==0)
       || (res<0 && vdbeRecordCompareDebug(nKey1, pKey1, pPKey2)<0)
       || (res>0 && vdbeRecordCompareDebug(nKey1, pKey1, pPKey2)>0)
       || CORRUPT_DB
  );
  return res;
}

/*
** This function is an optimized version of sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare() 
** that (a) the first field of pPKey2 is a string, that (b) the first field
** uses the collation sequence BINARY and (c) that the size-of-header varint 
** at the start of (pKey1/nKey1) fits in a single byte.
*/
static int vdbeRecordCompareString(
  int nKey1, const void *pKey1, /* Left key */
  UnpackedRecord *pPKey2,       /* Right key */
  int bSkip
){
  const u8 *aKey1 = (const u8*)pKey1;
  int serial_type;
  int res;
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(bSkip);

  assert( bSkip==0 );
  getVarint32(&aKey1[1], serial_type);

  if( serial_type<12 ){
    res = pPKey2->r1;      /* (pKey1/nKey1) is a number or a null */
  }else if( !(serial_type & 0x01) ){ 
    res = pPKey2->r2;      /* (pKey1/nKey1) is a blob */
  }else{
    int nCmp;
    int nStr;
    int szHdr = aKey1[0];

    nStr = (serial_type-12) / 2;
    if( (szHdr + nStr) > nKey1 ){
      pPKey2->isCorrupt = (u8)SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
      return 0;    /* Corruption */
    }
    nCmp = MIN( pPKey2->aMem[0].n, nStr );
    res = memcmp(&aKey1[szHdr], pPKey2->aMem[0].z, nCmp);

    if( res==0 ){
      res = nStr - pPKey2->aMem[0].n;
      if( res==0 ){
        if( pPKey2->nField>1 ){
          res = sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(nKey1, pKey1, pPKey2, 1);
        }else{
          res = pPKey2->default_rc;
        }
      }else if( res>0 ){
        res = pPKey2->r2;
      }else{
        res = pPKey2->r1;
      }
    }else if( res>0 ){
      res = pPKey2->r2;
    }else{
      res = pPKey2->r1;
    }
  }

  assert( (res==0 && vdbeRecordCompareDebug(nKey1, pKey1, pPKey2)==0)
       || (res<0 && vdbeRecordCompareDebug(nKey1, pKey1, pPKey2)<0)
       || (res>0 && vdbeRecordCompareDebug(nKey1, pKey1, pPKey2)>0)
       || CORRUPT_DB
  );
  return res;
}

/*
** Return a pointer to an sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare() compatible function
** suitable for comparing serialized records to the unpacked record passed
** as the only argument.
*/
RecordCompare sqlite3VdbeFindCompare(UnpackedRecord *p){
  /* varintRecordCompareInt() and varintRecordCompareString() both assume
  ** that the size-of-header varint that occurs at the start of each record
  ** fits in a single byte (i.e. is 127 or less). varintRecordCompareInt()
  ** also assumes that it is safe to overread a buffer by at least the 
  ** maximum possible legal header size plus 8 bytes. Because there is
  ** guaranteed to be at least 74 (but not 136) bytes of padding following each
  ** buffer passed to varintRecordCompareInt() this makes it convenient to
  ** limit the size of the header to 64 bytes in cases where the first field
  ** is an integer.
  **
  ** The easiest way to enforce this limit is to consider only records with
  ** 13 fields or less. If the first field is an integer, the maximum legal
  ** header size is (12*5 + 1 + 1) bytes.  */
  if( (p->pKeyInfo->nField + p->pKeyInfo->nXField)<=13 ){
    int flags = p->aMem[0].flags;
    if( p->pKeyInfo->aSortOrder[0] ){
      p->r1 = 1;
      p->r2 = -1;
    }else{
      p->r1 = -1;
      p->r2 = 1;
    }
    if( (flags & MEM_Int) ){
      return vdbeRecordCompareInt;
    }
    testcase( flags & MEM_Real );
    testcase( flags & MEM_Null );
    testcase( flags & MEM_Blob );
    if( (flags & (MEM_Real|MEM_Null|MEM_Blob))==0 && p->pKeyInfo->aColl[0]==0 ){
      assert( flags & MEM_Str );
      return vdbeRecordCompareString;
    }
  }

  return sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare;
}

/*
** pCur points at an index entry created using the OP_MakeRecord opcode.
** Read the rowid (the last field in the record) and store it in *rowid.
** Return SQLITE_OK if everything works, or an error code otherwise.
**
** pCur might be pointing to text obtained from a corrupt database file.
................................................................................
**
** pUnpacked is either created without a rowid or is truncated so that it
** omits the rowid at the end.  The rowid at the end of the index entry
** is ignored as well.  Hence, this routine only compares the prefixes 
** of the keys prior to the final rowid, not the entire key.
*/
int sqlite3VdbeIdxKeyCompare(
  VdbeCursor *pC,                  /* The cursor to compare against */
  UnpackedRecord *pUnpacked,       /* Unpacked version of key */
  int *res                         /* Write the comparison result here */
){
  i64 nCellKey = 0;
  int rc;
  BtCursor *pCur = pC->pCursor;
  Mem m;

  assert( sqlite3BtreeCursorIsValid(pCur) );
  VVA_ONLY(rc =) sqlite3BtreeKeySize(pCur, &nCellKey);
  assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );    /* pCur is always valid so KeySize cannot fail */
  /* nCellKey will always be between 0 and 0xffffffff because of the way
  ** that btreeParseCellPtr() and sqlite3GetVarint32() are implemented */
  if( nCellKey<=0 || nCellKey>0x7fffffff ){
    *res = 0;
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }
  memset(&m, 0, sizeof(m));
  rc = sqlite3VdbeMemFromBtree(pC->pCursor, 0, (u32)nCellKey, 1, &m);
  if( rc ){
    return rc;
  }

  *res = sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(m.n, m.z, pUnpacked, 0);
  sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(&m);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** This routine sets the value to be returned by subsequent calls to
** sqlite3_changes() on the database handle 'db'. 
................................................................................
  if( v ){
    Mem *pMem = &v->aVar[iVar-1];
    if( 0==(pMem->flags & MEM_Null) ){
      sqlite3_value *pRet = sqlite3ValueNew(v->db);
      if( pRet ){
        sqlite3VdbeMemCopy((Mem *)pRet, pMem);
        sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(pRet, aff, SQLITE_UTF8);

      }
      return pRet;
    }
  }
  return 0;
}

Changes to src/vdbeblob.c.

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      rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
      sqlite3_finalize(p->pStmt);
      p->pStmt = 0;
    }else{
      p->iOffset = pC->aType[p->iCol + pC->nField];
      p->nByte = sqlite3VdbeSerialTypeLen(type);
      p->pCsr =  pC->pCursor;
      sqlite3BtreeEnterCursor(p->pCsr);
      sqlite3BtreeCacheOverflow(p->pCsr);
      sqlite3BtreeLeaveCursor(p->pCsr);
    }
  }

  if( rc==SQLITE_ROW ){
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
  }else if( p->pStmt ){
    rc = sqlite3_finalize(p->pStmt);
................................................................................
  ** uses it to implement the blob_read(), blob_write() and 
  ** blob_bytes() functions.
  **
  ** The sqlite3_blob_close() function finalizes the vdbe program,
  ** which closes the b-tree cursor and (possibly) commits the 
  ** transaction.
  */
  static const int iLn = __LINE__+4;
  static const VdbeOpList openBlob[] = {
    /* {OP_Transaction, 0, 0, 0},  // 0: Inserted separately */
    {OP_TableLock, 0, 0, 0},       /* 1: Acquire a read or write lock */
    /* One of the following two instructions is replaced by an OP_Noop. */
    {OP_OpenRead, 0, 0, 0},        /* 2: Open cursor 0 for reading */
    {OP_OpenWrite, 0, 0, 0},       /* 3: Open cursor 0 for read/write */
    {OP_Variable, 1, 1, 1},        /* 4: Push the rowid to the stack */







|
<
<







 







|







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      rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
      sqlite3_finalize(p->pStmt);
      p->pStmt = 0;
    }else{
      p->iOffset = pC->aType[p->iCol + pC->nField];
      p->nByte = sqlite3VdbeSerialTypeLen(type);
      p->pCsr =  pC->pCursor;
      sqlite3BtreeIncrblobCursor(p->pCsr);


    }
  }

  if( rc==SQLITE_ROW ){
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
  }else if( p->pStmt ){
    rc = sqlite3_finalize(p->pStmt);
................................................................................
  ** uses it to implement the blob_read(), blob_write() and 
  ** blob_bytes() functions.
  **
  ** The sqlite3_blob_close() function finalizes the vdbe program,
  ** which closes the b-tree cursor and (possibly) commits the 
  ** transaction.
  */
  static const int iLn = VDBE_OFFSET_LINENO(4);
  static const VdbeOpList openBlob[] = {
    /* {OP_Transaction, 0, 0, 0},  // 0: Inserted separately */
    {OP_TableLock, 0, 0, 0},       /* 1: Acquire a read or write lock */
    /* One of the following two instructions is replaced by an OP_Noop. */
    {OP_OpenRead, 0, 0, 0},        /* 2: Open cursor 0 for reading */
    {OP_OpenWrite, 0, 0, 0},       /* 3: Open cursor 0 for read/write */
    {OP_Variable, 1, 1, 1},        /* 4: Push the rowid to the stack */

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** This file contains code use to manipulate "Mem" structure.  A "Mem"
** stores a single value in the VDBE.  Mem is an opaque structure visible
** only within the VDBE.  Interface routines refer to a Mem using the
** name sqlite_value
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"
#include "vdbeInt.h"





































/*
** If pMem is an object with a valid string representation, this routine
** ensures the internal encoding for the string representation is
** 'desiredEnc', one of SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_UTF16LE or SQLITE_UTF16BE.
**
** If pMem is not a string object, or the encoding of the string
................................................................................
**
** If the bPreserve argument is true, then copy of the content of
** pMem->z into the new allocation.  pMem must be either a string or
** blob if bPreserve is true.  If bPreserve is false, any prior content
** in pMem->z is discarded.
*/
int sqlite3VdbeMemGrow(Mem *pMem, int n, int bPreserve){
  assert( 1 >=
    ((pMem->zMalloc && pMem->zMalloc==pMem->z) ? 1 : 0) +
    (((pMem->flags&MEM_Dyn)&&pMem->xDel) ? 1 : 0) + 
    ((pMem->flags&MEM_Ephem) ? 1 : 0) + 
    ((pMem->flags&MEM_Static) ? 1 : 0)
  );
  assert( (pMem->flags&MEM_RowSet)==0 );

  /* If the bPreserve flag is set to true, then the memory cell must already
  ** contain a valid string or blob value.  */
  assert( bPreserve==0 || pMem->flags&(MEM_Blob|MEM_Str) );
  testcase( bPreserve && pMem->z==0 );

................................................................................
      pMem->z = pMem->zMalloc = sqlite3DbReallocOrFree(pMem->db, pMem->z, n);
      bPreserve = 0;
    }else{
      sqlite3DbFree(pMem->db, pMem->zMalloc);
      pMem->zMalloc = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(pMem->db, n);
    }
    if( pMem->zMalloc==0 ){
      sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(pMem);

      pMem->flags = MEM_Null;  
      return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
  }

  if( pMem->z && bPreserve && pMem->z!=pMem->zMalloc ){
    memcpy(pMem->zMalloc, pMem->z, pMem->n);
  }
  if( (pMem->flags&MEM_Dyn)!=0 && pMem->xDel ){
    assert( pMem->xDel!=SQLITE_DYNAMIC );
    pMem->xDel((void *)(pMem->z));
  }

  pMem->z = pMem->zMalloc;
  pMem->flags &= ~(MEM_Ephem|MEM_Static);
  pMem->xDel = 0;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Make the given Mem object MEM_Dyn.  In other words, make it so
** that any TEXT or BLOB content is stored in memory obtained from
................................................................................
*/
void sqlite3VdbeMemReleaseExternal(Mem *p){
  assert( p->db==0 || sqlite3_mutex_held(p->db->mutex) );
  if( p->flags&MEM_Agg ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemFinalize(p, p->u.pDef);
    assert( (p->flags & MEM_Agg)==0 );
    sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(p);
  }else if( p->flags&MEM_Dyn && p->xDel ){
    assert( (p->flags&MEM_RowSet)==0 );
    assert( p->xDel!=SQLITE_DYNAMIC );
    p->xDel((void *)p->z);
    p->xDel = 0;
  }else if( p->flags&MEM_RowSet ){
    sqlite3RowSetClear(p->u.pRowSet);
  }else if( p->flags&MEM_Frame ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull(p);
  }
}

/*
** Release any memory held by the Mem. This may leave the Mem in an
** inconsistent state, for example with (Mem.z==0) and
** (Mem.memType==MEM_Str).
*/
void sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(Mem *p){

  VdbeMemRelease(p);
  if( p->zMalloc ){
    sqlite3DbFree(p->db, p->zMalloc);
    p->zMalloc = 0;
  }
  p->z = 0;
  assert( p->xDel==0 );  /* Zeroed by VdbeMemRelease() above */
................................................................................
    pFrame->pParent = pFrame->v->pDelFrame;
    pFrame->v->pDelFrame = pFrame;
  }
  if( pMem->flags & MEM_RowSet ){
    sqlite3RowSetClear(pMem->u.pRowSet);
  }
  MemSetTypeFlag(pMem, MEM_Null);
  pMem->memType = MEM_Null;
}
void sqlite3ValueSetNull(sqlite3_value *p){
  sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull((Mem*)p); 
}

/*
** Delete any previous value and set the value to be a BLOB of length
** n containing all zeros.
*/
void sqlite3VdbeMemSetZeroBlob(Mem *pMem, int n){
  sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(pMem);
  pMem->flags = MEM_Blob|MEM_Zero;
  pMem->memType = MEM_Blob;
  pMem->n = 0;
  if( n<0 ) n = 0;
  pMem->u.nZero = n;
  pMem->enc = SQLITE_UTF8;

#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_INCRBLOB
  sqlite3VdbeMemGrow(pMem, n, 0);
................................................................................
** Delete any previous value and set the value stored in *pMem to val,
** manifest type INTEGER.
*/
void sqlite3VdbeMemSetInt64(Mem *pMem, i64 val){
  sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(pMem);
  pMem->u.i = val;
  pMem->flags = MEM_Int;
  pMem->memType = MEM_Int;
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
/*
** Delete any previous value and set the value stored in *pMem to val,
** manifest type REAL.
*/
................................................................................
void sqlite3VdbeMemSetDouble(Mem *pMem, double val){
  if( sqlite3IsNaN(val) ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull(pMem);
  }else{
    sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(pMem);
    pMem->r = val;
    pMem->flags = MEM_Real;
    pMem->memType = MEM_Real;
  }
}
#endif

/*
** Delete any previous value and set the value of pMem to be an
** empty boolean index.
................................................................................
int sqlite3VdbeMemCopy(Mem *pTo, const Mem *pFrom){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  assert( (pFrom->flags & MEM_RowSet)==0 );
  VdbeMemRelease(pTo);
  memcpy(pTo, pFrom, MEMCELLSIZE);
  pTo->flags &= ~MEM_Dyn;


  if( pTo->flags&(MEM_Str|MEM_Blob) ){
    if( 0==(pFrom->flags&MEM_Static) ){
      pTo->flags |= MEM_Ephem;
      rc = sqlite3VdbeMemMakeWriteable(pTo);
    }
  }
................................................................................
    pMem->xDel = xDel;
    flags |= ((xDel==SQLITE_STATIC)?MEM_Static:MEM_Dyn);
  }

  pMem->n = nByte;
  pMem->flags = flags;
  pMem->enc = (enc==0 ? SQLITE_UTF8 : enc);
  pMem->memType = flags&0x1f;

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16
  if( pMem->enc!=SQLITE_UTF8 && sqlite3VdbeMemHandleBom(pMem) ){
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
#endif

................................................................................
  if( nByte>iLimit ){
    return SQLITE_TOOBIG;
  }

  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Compare the values contained by the two memory cells, returning
** negative, zero or positive if pMem1 is less than, equal to, or greater
** than pMem2. Sorting order is NULL's first, followed by numbers (integers
** and reals) sorted numerically, followed by text ordered by the collating
** sequence pColl and finally blob's ordered by memcmp().
**
** Two NULL values are considered equal by this function.
*/
int sqlite3MemCompare(const Mem *pMem1, const Mem *pMem2, const CollSeq *pColl){
  int rc;
  int f1, f2;
  int combined_flags;

  f1 = pMem1->flags;
  f2 = pMem2->flags;
  combined_flags = f1|f2;
  assert( (combined_flags & MEM_RowSet)==0 );
 
  /* If one value is NULL, it is less than the other. If both values
  ** are NULL, return 0.
  */
  if( combined_flags&MEM_Null ){
    return (f2&MEM_Null) - (f1&MEM_Null);
  }

  /* If one value is a number and the other is not, the number is less.
  ** If both are numbers, compare as reals if one is a real, or as integers
  ** if both values are integers.
  */
  if( combined_flags&(MEM_Int|MEM_Real) ){
    double r1, r2;
    if( (f1 & f2 & MEM_Int)!=0 ){
      if( pMem1->u.i < pMem2->u.i ) return -1;
      if( pMem1->u.i > pMem2->u.i ) return 1;
      return 0;
    }
    if( (f1&MEM_Real)!=0 ){
      r1 = pMem1->r;
    }else if( (f1&MEM_Int)!=0 ){
      r1 = (double)pMem1->u.i;
    }else{
      return 1;
    }
    if( (f2&MEM_Real)!=0 ){
      r2 = pMem2->r;
    }else if( (f2&MEM_Int)!=0 ){
      r2 = (double)pMem2->u.i;
    }else{
      return -1;
    }
    if( r1<r2 ) return -1;
    if( r1>r2 ) return 1;
    return 0;
  }

  /* If one value is a string and the other is a blob, the string is less.
  ** If both are strings, compare using the collating functions.
  */
  if( combined_flags&MEM_Str ){
    if( (f1 & MEM_Str)==0 ){
      return 1;
    }
    if( (f2 & MEM_Str)==0 ){
      return -1;
    }

    assert( pMem1->enc==pMem2->enc );
    assert( pMem1->enc==SQLITE_UTF8 || 
            pMem1->enc==SQLITE_UTF16LE || pMem1->enc==SQLITE_UTF16BE );

    /* The collation sequence must be defined at this point, even if
    ** the user deletes the collation sequence after the vdbe program is
    ** compiled (this was not always the case).
    */
    assert( !pColl || pColl->xCmp );

    if( pColl ){
      if( pMem1->enc==pColl->enc ){
        /* The strings are already in the correct encoding.  Call the
        ** comparison function directly */
        return pColl->xCmp(pColl->pUser,pMem1->n,pMem1->z,pMem2->n,pMem2->z);
      }else{
        const void *v1, *v2;
        int n1, n2;
        Mem c1;
        Mem c2;
        memset(&c1, 0, sizeof(c1));
        memset(&c2, 0, sizeof(c2));
        sqlite3VdbeMemShallowCopy(&c1, pMem1, MEM_Ephem);
        sqlite3VdbeMemShallowCopy(&c2, pMem2, MEM_Ephem);
        v1 = sqlite3ValueText((sqlite3_value*)&c1, pColl->enc);
        n1 = v1==0 ? 0 : c1.n;
        v2 = sqlite3ValueText((sqlite3_value*)&c2, pColl->enc);
        n2 = v2==0 ? 0 : c2.n;
        rc = pColl->xCmp(pColl->pUser, n1, v1, n2, v2);
        sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(&c1);
        sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(&c2);
        return rc;
      }
    }
    /* If a NULL pointer was passed as the collate function, fall through
    ** to the blob case and use memcmp().  */
  }
 
  /* Both values must be blobs.  Compare using memcmp().  */
  rc = memcmp(pMem1->z, pMem2->z, (pMem1->n>pMem2->n)?pMem2->n:pMem1->n);
  if( rc==0 ){
    rc = pMem1->n - pMem2->n;
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Move data out of a btree key or data field and into a Mem structure.
** The data or key is taken from the entry that pCur is currently pointing
** to.  offset and amt determine what portion of the data or key to retrieve.
** key is true to get the key or false to get data.  The result is written
** into the pMem element.
**
................................................................................
  }
  assert( zData!=0 );

  if( offset+amt<=available ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(pMem);
    pMem->z = &zData[offset];
    pMem->flags = MEM_Blob|MEM_Ephem;

  }else if( SQLITE_OK==(rc = sqlite3VdbeMemGrow(pMem, amt+2, 0)) ){
    pMem->flags = MEM_Blob|MEM_Dyn|MEM_Term;
    pMem->enc = 0;
    pMem->memType = MEM_Blob;
    if( key ){
      rc = sqlite3BtreeKey(pCur, offset, amt, pMem->z);
    }else{
      rc = sqlite3BtreeData(pCur, offset, amt, pMem->z);
    }

    pMem->z[amt] = 0;
    pMem->z[amt+1] = 0;
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){



      sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(pMem);
    }
  }
  pMem->n = (int)amt;

  return rc;
}

/* This function is only available internally, it is not part of the
** external API. It works in a similar way to sqlite3_value_text(),
** except the data returned is in the encoding specified by the second
................................................................................
/*
** Create a new sqlite3_value object.
*/
sqlite3_value *sqlite3ValueNew(sqlite3 *db){
  Mem *p = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(*p));
  if( p ){
    p->flags = MEM_Null;
    p->memType = MEM_Null;
    p->db = db;
  }
  return p;
}

/*
** Context object passed by sqlite3Stat4ProbeSetValue() through to 
................................................................................
      nByte = sizeof(Mem) * nCol + ROUND8(sizeof(UnpackedRecord));
      pRec = (UnpackedRecord*)sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, nByte);
      if( pRec ){
        pRec->pKeyInfo = sqlite3KeyInfoOfIndex(p->pParse, pIdx);
        if( pRec->pKeyInfo ){
          assert( pRec->pKeyInfo->nField+pRec->pKeyInfo->nXField==nCol );
          assert( pRec->pKeyInfo->enc==ENC(db) );
          pRec->flags = UNPACKED_PREFIX_MATCH;
          pRec->aMem = (Mem *)((u8*)pRec + ROUND8(sizeof(UnpackedRecord)));
          for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
            pRec->aMem[i].flags = MEM_Null;
            pRec->aMem[i].memType = MEM_Null;
            pRec->aMem[i].db = db;
          }
        }else{
          sqlite3DbFree(db, pRec);
          pRec = 0;
        }
      }
................................................................................
    if( pVal==0 ) goto no_mem;
    if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) ){
      sqlite3VdbeMemSetInt64(pVal, (i64)pExpr->u.iValue*negInt);
    }else{
      zVal = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%s%s", zNeg, pExpr->u.zToken);
      if( zVal==0 ) goto no_mem;
      sqlite3ValueSetStr(pVal, -1, zVal, SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_DYNAMIC);
      if( op==TK_FLOAT ) pVal->memType = MEM_Real;
    }
    if( (op==TK_INTEGER || op==TK_FLOAT ) && affinity==SQLITE_AFF_NONE ){
      sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(pVal, SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC, SQLITE_UTF8);
    }else{
      sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(pVal, affinity, SQLITE_UTF8);
    }
    if( pVal->flags & (MEM_Int|MEM_Real) ) pVal->flags &= ~MEM_Str;
................................................................................
  }else if( op==TK_UMINUS ) {
    /* This branch happens for multiple negative signs.  Ex: -(-5) */
    if( SQLITE_OK==sqlite3ValueFromExpr(db,pExpr->pLeft,enc,affinity,&pVal) 
     && pVal!=0
    ){
      sqlite3VdbeMemNumerify(pVal);
      if( pVal->u.i==SMALLEST_INT64 ){
        pVal->flags &= MEM_Int;
        pVal->flags |= MEM_Real;
        pVal->r = (double)LARGEST_INT64;
      }else{
        pVal->u.i = -pVal->u.i;
      }
      pVal->r = -pVal->r;
      sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(pVal, affinity, enc);
    }
  }else if( op==TK_NULL ){
................................................................................
    nVal = sqlite3Strlen30(zVal)-1;
    assert( zVal[nVal]=='\'' );
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetStr(pVal, sqlite3HexToBlob(db, zVal, nVal), nVal/2,
                         0, SQLITE_DYNAMIC);
  }
#endif

  if( pVal ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemStoreType(pVal);
  }
  *ppVal = pVal;
  return rc;

no_mem:
  db->mallocFailed = 1;
  sqlite3DbFree(db, zVal);
  assert( *ppVal==0 );
................................................................................
      pVal = valueNew(db, &alloc);
      if( pVal ){
        rc = sqlite3VdbeMemCopy((Mem*)pVal, &v->aVar[iBindVar-1]);
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(pVal, affinity, ENC(db));
        }
        pVal->db = pParse->db;
        sqlite3VdbeMemStoreType((Mem*)pVal);
      }
    }
  }else{
    rc = valueFromExpr(db, pExpr, ENC(db), affinity, &pVal, &alloc);
  }
  *pbOk = (pVal!=0);








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** This file contains code use to manipulate "Mem" structure.  A "Mem"
** stores a single value in the VDBE.  Mem is an opaque structure visible
** only within the VDBE.  Interface routines refer to a Mem using the
** name sqlite_value
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"
#include "vdbeInt.h"

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
/*
** Check invariants on a Mem object.
**
** This routine is intended for use inside of assert() statements, like
** this:    assert( sqlite3VdbeCheckMemInvariants(pMem) );
*/
int sqlite3VdbeCheckMemInvariants(Mem *p){
  /* The MEM_Dyn bit is set if and only if Mem.xDel is a non-NULL destructor
  ** function for Mem.z 
  */
  assert( (p->flags & MEM_Dyn)==0 || p->xDel!=0 );
  assert( (p->flags & MEM_Dyn)!=0 || p->xDel==0 );

  /* If p holds a string or blob, the Mem.z must point to exactly
  ** one of the following:
  **
  **   (1) Memory in Mem.zMalloc and managed by the Mem object
  **   (2) Memory to be freed using Mem.xDel
  **   (3) An ephermal string or blob
  **   (4) A static string or blob
  */
  if( (p->flags & (MEM_Str|MEM_Blob)) && p->z!=0 ){
    assert( 
      ((p->z==p->zMalloc)? 1 : 0) +
      ((p->flags&MEM_Dyn)!=0 ? 1 : 0) +
      ((p->flags&MEM_Ephem)!=0 ? 1 : 0) +
      ((p->flags&MEM_Static)!=0 ? 1 : 0) == 1
    );
  }

  return 1;
}
#endif


/*
** If pMem is an object with a valid string representation, this routine
** ensures the internal encoding for the string representation is
** 'desiredEnc', one of SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_UTF16LE or SQLITE_UTF16BE.
**
** If pMem is not a string object, or the encoding of the string
................................................................................
**
** If the bPreserve argument is true, then copy of the content of
** pMem->z into the new allocation.  pMem must be either a string or
** blob if bPreserve is true.  If bPreserve is false, any prior content
** in pMem->z is discarded.
*/
int sqlite3VdbeMemGrow(Mem *pMem, int n, int bPreserve){
  assert( sqlite3VdbeCheckMemInvariants(pMem) );





  assert( (pMem->flags&MEM_RowSet)==0 );

  /* If the bPreserve flag is set to true, then the memory cell must already
  ** contain a valid string or blob value.  */
  assert( bPreserve==0 || pMem->flags&(MEM_Blob|MEM_Str) );
  testcase( bPreserve && pMem->z==0 );

................................................................................
      pMem->z = pMem->zMalloc = sqlite3DbReallocOrFree(pMem->db, pMem->z, n);
      bPreserve = 0;
    }else{
      sqlite3DbFree(pMem->db, pMem->zMalloc);
      pMem->zMalloc = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(pMem->db, n);
    }
    if( pMem->zMalloc==0 ){
      VdbeMemRelease(pMem);
      pMem->z = 0;
      pMem->flags = MEM_Null;  
      return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
  }

  if( pMem->z && bPreserve && pMem->z!=pMem->zMalloc ){
    memcpy(pMem->zMalloc, pMem->z, pMem->n);
  }
  if( (pMem->flags&MEM_Dyn)!=0 ){
    assert( pMem->xDel!=0 && pMem->xDel!=SQLITE_DYNAMIC );
    pMem->xDel((void *)(pMem->z));
  }

  pMem->z = pMem->zMalloc;
  pMem->flags &= ~(MEM_Dyn|MEM_Ephem|MEM_Static);
  pMem->xDel = 0;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Make the given Mem object MEM_Dyn.  In other words, make it so
** that any TEXT or BLOB content is stored in memory obtained from
................................................................................
*/
void sqlite3VdbeMemReleaseExternal(Mem *p){
  assert( p->db==0 || sqlite3_mutex_held(p->db->mutex) );
  if( p->flags&MEM_Agg ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemFinalize(p, p->u.pDef);
    assert( (p->flags & MEM_Agg)==0 );
    sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(p);
  }else if( p->flags&MEM_Dyn ){
    assert( (p->flags&MEM_RowSet)==0 );
    assert( p->xDel!=SQLITE_DYNAMIC && p->xDel!=0 );
    p->xDel((void *)p->z);
    p->xDel = 0;
  }else if( p->flags&MEM_RowSet ){
    sqlite3RowSetClear(p->u.pRowSet);
  }else if( p->flags&MEM_Frame ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull(p);
  }
}

/*
** Release any memory held by the Mem. This may leave the Mem in an
** inconsistent state, for example with (Mem.z==0) and
** (Mem.flags==MEM_Str).
*/
void sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(Mem *p){
  assert( sqlite3VdbeCheckMemInvariants(p) );
  VdbeMemRelease(p);
  if( p->zMalloc ){
    sqlite3DbFree(p->db, p->zMalloc);
    p->zMalloc = 0;
  }
  p->z = 0;
  assert( p->xDel==0 );  /* Zeroed by VdbeMemRelease() above */
................................................................................
    pFrame->pParent = pFrame->v->pDelFrame;
    pFrame->v->pDelFrame = pFrame;
  }
  if( pMem->flags & MEM_RowSet ){
    sqlite3RowSetClear(pMem->u.pRowSet);
  }
  MemSetTypeFlag(pMem, MEM_Null);

}
void sqlite3ValueSetNull(sqlite3_value *p){
  sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull((Mem*)p); 
}

/*
** Delete any previous value and set the value to be a BLOB of length
** n containing all zeros.
*/
void sqlite3VdbeMemSetZeroBlob(Mem *pMem, int n){
  sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(pMem);
  pMem->flags = MEM_Blob|MEM_Zero;

  pMem->n = 0;
  if( n<0 ) n = 0;
  pMem->u.nZero = n;
  pMem->enc = SQLITE_UTF8;

#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_INCRBLOB
  sqlite3VdbeMemGrow(pMem, n, 0);
................................................................................
** Delete any previous value and set the value stored in *pMem to val,
** manifest type INTEGER.
*/
void sqlite3VdbeMemSetInt64(Mem *pMem, i64 val){
  sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(pMem);
  pMem->u.i = val;
  pMem->flags = MEM_Int;

}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
/*
** Delete any previous value and set the value stored in *pMem to val,
** manifest type REAL.
*/
................................................................................
void sqlite3VdbeMemSetDouble(Mem *pMem, double val){
  if( sqlite3IsNaN(val) ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull(pMem);
  }else{
    sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(pMem);
    pMem->r = val;
    pMem->flags = MEM_Real;

  }
}
#endif

/*
** Delete any previous value and set the value of pMem to be an
** empty boolean index.
................................................................................
int sqlite3VdbeMemCopy(Mem *pTo, const Mem *pFrom){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  assert( (pFrom->flags & MEM_RowSet)==0 );
  VdbeMemRelease(pTo);
  memcpy(pTo, pFrom, MEMCELLSIZE);
  pTo->flags &= ~MEM_Dyn;
  pTo->xDel = 0;

  if( pTo->flags&(MEM_Str|MEM_Blob) ){
    if( 0==(pFrom->flags&MEM_Static) ){
      pTo->flags |= MEM_Ephem;
      rc = sqlite3VdbeMemMakeWriteable(pTo);
    }
  }
................................................................................
    pMem->xDel = xDel;
    flags |= ((xDel==SQLITE_STATIC)?MEM_Static:MEM_Dyn);
  }

  pMem->n = nByte;
  pMem->flags = flags;
  pMem->enc = (enc==0 ? SQLITE_UTF8 : enc);


#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16
  if( pMem->enc!=SQLITE_UTF8 && sqlite3VdbeMemHandleBom(pMem) ){
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
#endif

................................................................................
  if( nByte>iLimit ){
    return SQLITE_TOOBIG;
  }

  return SQLITE_OK;
}


















































































































/*
** Move data out of a btree key or data field and into a Mem structure.
** The data or key is taken from the entry that pCur is currently pointing
** to.  offset and amt determine what portion of the data or key to retrieve.
** key is true to get the key or false to get data.  The result is written
** into the pMem element.
**
................................................................................
  }
  assert( zData!=0 );

  if( offset+amt<=available ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(pMem);
    pMem->z = &zData[offset];
    pMem->flags = MEM_Blob|MEM_Ephem;
    pMem->n = (int)amt;
  }else if( SQLITE_OK==(rc = sqlite3VdbeMemGrow(pMem, amt+2, 0)) ){



    if( key ){
      rc = sqlite3BtreeKey(pCur, offset, amt, pMem->z);
    }else{
      rc = sqlite3BtreeData(pCur, offset, amt, pMem->z);
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      pMem->z[amt] = 0;
      pMem->z[amt+1] = 0;

      pMem->flags = MEM_Blob|MEM_Term;
      pMem->n = (int)amt;
    }else{
      sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(pMem);
    }
  }


  return rc;
}

/* This function is only available internally, it is not part of the
** external API. It works in a similar way to sqlite3_value_text(),
** except the data returned is in the encoding specified by the second
................................................................................
/*
** Create a new sqlite3_value object.
*/
sqlite3_value *sqlite3ValueNew(sqlite3 *db){
  Mem *p = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(*p));
  if( p ){
    p->flags = MEM_Null;

    p->db = db;
  }
  return p;
}

/*
** Context object passed by sqlite3Stat4ProbeSetValue() through to 
................................................................................
      nByte = sizeof(Mem) * nCol + ROUND8(sizeof(UnpackedRecord));
      pRec = (UnpackedRecord*)sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, nByte);
      if( pRec ){
        pRec->pKeyInfo = sqlite3KeyInfoOfIndex(p->pParse, pIdx);
        if( pRec->pKeyInfo ){
          assert( pRec->pKeyInfo->nField+pRec->pKeyInfo->nXField==nCol );
          assert( pRec->pKeyInfo->enc==ENC(db) );

          pRec->aMem = (Mem *)((u8*)pRec + ROUND8(sizeof(UnpackedRecord)));
          for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
            pRec->aMem[i].flags = MEM_Null;

            pRec->aMem[i].db = db;
          }
        }else{
          sqlite3DbFree(db, pRec);
          pRec = 0;
        }
      }
................................................................................
    if( pVal==0 ) goto no_mem;
    if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) ){
      sqlite3VdbeMemSetInt64(pVal, (i64)pExpr->u.iValue*negInt);
    }else{
      zVal = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%s%s", zNeg, pExpr->u.zToken);
      if( zVal==0 ) goto no_mem;
      sqlite3ValueSetStr(pVal, -1, zVal, SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_DYNAMIC);

    }
    if( (op==TK_INTEGER || op==TK_FLOAT ) && affinity==SQLITE_AFF_NONE ){
      sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(pVal, SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC, SQLITE_UTF8);
    }else{
      sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(pVal, affinity, SQLITE_UTF8);
    }
    if( pVal->flags & (MEM_Int|MEM_Real) ) pVal->flags &= ~MEM_Str;
................................................................................
  }else if( op==TK_UMINUS ) {
    /* This branch happens for multiple negative signs.  Ex: -(-5) */
    if( SQLITE_OK==sqlite3ValueFromExpr(db,pExpr->pLeft,enc,affinity,&pVal) 
     && pVal!=0
    ){
      sqlite3VdbeMemNumerify(pVal);
      if( pVal->u.i==SMALLEST_INT64 ){
        pVal->flags &= ~MEM_Int;
        pVal->flags |= MEM_Real;
        pVal->r = (double)SMALLEST_INT64;
      }else{
        pVal->u.i = -pVal->u.i;
      }
      pVal->r = -pVal->r;
      sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(pVal, affinity, enc);
    }
  }else if( op==TK_NULL ){
................................................................................
    nVal = sqlite3Strlen30(zVal)-1;
    assert( zVal[nVal]=='\'' );
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetStr(pVal, sqlite3HexToBlob(db, zVal, nVal), nVal/2,
                         0, SQLITE_DYNAMIC);
  }
#endif




  *ppVal = pVal;
  return rc;

no_mem:
  db->mallocFailed = 1;
  sqlite3DbFree(db, zVal);
  assert( *ppVal==0 );
................................................................................
      pVal = valueNew(db, &alloc);
      if( pVal ){
        rc = sqlite3VdbeMemCopy((Mem*)pVal, &v->aVar[iBindVar-1]);
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(pVal, affinity, ENC(db));
        }
        pVal->db = pParse->db;

      }
    }
  }else{
    rc = valueFromExpr(db, pExpr, ENC(db), affinity, &pVal, &alloc);
  }
  *pbOk = (pVal!=0);

Changes to src/vdbesort.c.

405
406
407
408
409
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417
418
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420
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422
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958


959



960
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962







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964
965





















966

967
968
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970
971
972
973
    assert( r2->nField>0 );
    for(i=0; i<r2->nField; i++){
      if( r2->aMem[i].flags & MEM_Null ){
        *pRes = -1;
        return;
      }
    }
    r2->flags |= UNPACKED_PREFIX_MATCH;
  }

  *pRes = sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(nKey1, pKey1, r2);
}

/*
** This function is called to compare two iterator keys when merging 
** multiple b-tree segments. Parameter iOut is the index of the aTree[] 
** value to recalculate.
*/
................................................................................
  SorterRecord *p;
  SorterRecord *pNext;
  for(p=pRecord; p; p=pNext){
    pNext = p->pNext;
    sqlite3DbFree(db, p);
  }
}




























/*
** Free any cursor components allocated by sqlite3VdbeSorterXXX routines.
*/
void sqlite3VdbeSorterClose(sqlite3 *db, VdbeCursor *pCsr){
  VdbeSorter *pSorter = pCsr->pSorter;
  if( pSorter ){
    if( pSorter->aIter ){
      int i;
      for(i=0; i<pSorter->nTree; i++){
        vdbeSorterIterZero(db, &pSorter->aIter[i]);
      }
      sqlite3DbFree(db, pSorter->aIter);
    }
    if( pSorter->pTemp1 ){
      sqlite3OsCloseFree(pSorter->pTemp1);
    }
    vdbeSorterRecordFree(db, pSorter->pRecord);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pSorter->pUnpacked);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pSorter);
    pCsr->pSorter = 0;
  }
}

/*
................................................................................
*/
int sqlite3VdbeSorterNext(sqlite3 *db, const VdbeCursor *pCsr, int *pbEof){
  VdbeSorter *pSorter = pCsr->pSorter;
  int rc;                         /* Return code */

  if( pSorter->aTree ){
    int iPrev = pSorter->aTree[1];/* Index of iterator to advance */


    int i;                        /* Index of aTree[] to recalculate */




    rc = vdbeSorterIterNext(db, &pSorter->aIter[iPrev]);






    for(i=(pSorter->nTree+iPrev)/2; rc==SQLITE_OK && i>0; i=i/2){







      rc = vdbeSorterDoCompare(pCsr, i);


    }






















    *pbEof = (pSorter->aIter[pSorter->aTree[1]].pFile==0);

  }else{
    SorterRecord *pFree = pSorter->pRecord;
    pSorter->pRecord = pFree->pNext;
    pFree->pNext = 0;
    vdbeSorterRecordFree(db, pFree);
    *pbEof = !pSorter->pRecord;
    rc = SQLITE_OK;







|


|







 







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405
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...
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541
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1025
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1028
1029
1030
1031
    assert( r2->nField>0 );
    for(i=0; i<r2->nField; i++){
      if( r2->aMem[i].flags & MEM_Null ){
        *pRes = -1;
        return;
      }
    }
    assert( r2->default_rc==0 );
  }

  *pRes = sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(nKey1, pKey1, r2, 0);
}

/*
** This function is called to compare two iterator keys when merging 
** multiple b-tree segments. Parameter iOut is the index of the aTree[] 
** value to recalculate.
*/
................................................................................
  SorterRecord *p;
  SorterRecord *pNext;
  for(p=pRecord; p; p=pNext){
    pNext = p->pNext;
    sqlite3DbFree(db, p);
  }
}

/*
** Reset a sorting cursor back to its original empty state.
*/
void sqlite3VdbeSorterReset(sqlite3 *db, VdbeSorter *pSorter){
  if( pSorter->aIter ){
    int i;
    for(i=0; i<pSorter->nTree; i++){
      vdbeSorterIterZero(db, &pSorter->aIter[i]);
    }
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pSorter->aIter);
    pSorter->aIter = 0;
  }
  if( pSorter->pTemp1 ){
    sqlite3OsCloseFree(pSorter->pTemp1);
    pSorter->pTemp1 = 0;
  }
  vdbeSorterRecordFree(db, pSorter->pRecord);
  pSorter->pRecord = 0;
  pSorter->iWriteOff = 0;
  pSorter->iReadOff = 0;
  pSorter->nInMemory = 0;
  pSorter->nTree = 0;
  pSorter->nPMA = 0;
  pSorter->aTree = 0;
}


/*
** Free any cursor components allocated by sqlite3VdbeSorterXXX routines.
*/
void sqlite3VdbeSorterClose(sqlite3 *db, VdbeCursor *pCsr){
  VdbeSorter *pSorter = pCsr->pSorter;
  if( pSorter ){
    sqlite3VdbeSorterReset(db, pSorter);










    sqlite3DbFree(db, pSorter->pUnpacked);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pSorter);
    pCsr->pSorter = 0;
  }
}

/*
................................................................................
*/
int sqlite3VdbeSorterNext(sqlite3 *db, const VdbeCursor *pCsr, int *pbEof){
  VdbeSorter *pSorter = pCsr->pSorter;
  int rc;                         /* Return code */

  if( pSorter->aTree ){
    int iPrev = pSorter->aTree[1];/* Index of iterator to advance */
    rc = vdbeSorterIterNext(db, &pSorter->aIter[iPrev]);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      int i;                      /* Index of aTree[] to recalculate */
      VdbeSorterIter *pIter1;     /* First iterator to compare */
      VdbeSorterIter *pIter2;     /* Second iterator to compare */
      u8 *pKey2;                  /* To pIter2->aKey, or 0 if record cached */


      /* Find the first two iterators to compare. The one that was just
      ** advanced (iPrev) and the one next to it in the array.  */
      pIter1 = &pSorter->aIter[(iPrev & 0xFFFE)];
      pIter2 = &pSorter->aIter[(iPrev | 0x0001)];
      pKey2 = pIter2->aKey;

      for(i=(pSorter->nTree+iPrev)/2; i>0; i=i/2){
        /* Compare pIter1 and pIter2. Store the result in variable iRes. */
        int iRes;
        if( pIter1->pFile==0 ){
          iRes = +1;
        }else if( pIter2->pFile==0 ){
          iRes = -1;
        }else{
          vdbeSorterCompare(pCsr, 0, 
              pIter1->aKey, pIter1->nKey, pKey2, pIter2->nKey, &iRes
          );
        }

        /* If pIter1 contained the smaller value, set aTree[i] to its index.
        ** Then set pIter2 to the next iterator to compare to pIter1. In this
        ** case there is no cache of pIter2 in pSorter->pUnpacked, so set
        ** pKey2 to point to the record belonging to pIter2.
        **
        ** Alternatively, if pIter2 contains the smaller of the two values,
        ** set aTree[i] to its index and update pIter1. If vdbeSorterCompare()
        ** was actually called above, then pSorter->pUnpacked now contains
        ** a value equivalent to pIter2. So set pKey2 to NULL to prevent
        ** vdbeSorterCompare() from decoding pIter2 again.  */
        if( iRes<=0 ){
          pSorter->aTree[i] = (int)(pIter1 - pSorter->aIter);
          pIter2 = &pSorter->aIter[ pSorter->aTree[i ^ 0x0001] ];
          pKey2 = pIter2->aKey;
        }else{
          if( pIter1->pFile ) pKey2 = 0;
          pSorter->aTree[i] = (int)(pIter2 - pSorter->aIter);
          pIter1 = &pSorter->aIter[ pSorter->aTree[i ^ 0x0001] ];
        }

      }
      *pbEof = (pSorter->aIter[pSorter->aTree[1]].pFile==0);
    }
  }else{
    SorterRecord *pFree = pSorter->pRecord;
    pSorter->pRecord = pFree->pNext;
    pFree->pNext = 0;
    vdbeSorterRecordFree(db, pFree);
    *pbEof = !pSorter->pRecord;
    rc = SQLITE_OK;

Changes to src/where.c.

35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49

50
51
52
53
54
55
56
...
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
....
1909
1910
1911
1912
1913
1914
1915
1916
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1918
1919
1920
1921
1922
1923
....
1924
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1930
1931
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1933
1934
1935
1936
1937
1938
1939
1940
1941
1942
1943
1944
1945
1946
1947
....
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955
1956
1957

1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
....
1969
1970
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975























1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
....
2062
2063
2064
2065
2066
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2070
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2072
2073
2074
2075
2076
....
2122
2123
2124
2125
2126
2127
2128
2129
2130
2131
2132
2133
2134
2135
2136
2137
2138
2139

2140
2141
2142
2143
2144
2145
2146
....
2229
2230
2231
2232
2233
2234
2235

2236
2237
2238
2239
2240
2241
2242
2243
2244
2245
2246
2247
2248
2249
2250
2251
2252
2253
2254
2255
2256
2257
2258
....
2836
2837
2838
2839
2840
2841
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2843
2844
2845
2846
2847
2848
2849
2850
....
3032
3033
3034
3035
3036
3037
3038



3039
3040
3041
3042
3043
3044
3045
3046
3047
....
3053
3054
3055
3056
3057
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3059
3060
3061
3062
3063
3064
3065
3066

3067
3068
3069
3070
3071
3072
3073
....
3204
3205
3206
3207
3208
3209
3210
3211
3212
3213
3214
3215
3216
3217
3218
3219
....
3703
3704
3705
3706
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3708
3709
3710
3711
















































































































































3712
3713
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3737
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3739
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3741
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3744
3745
....
3754
3755
3756
3757
3758
3759
3760
3761
3762
3763

3764
3765
3766
3767
3768
3769
3770





3771
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3800


3801
3802
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3808
3809
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3811
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3814
3815
3816
3817
3818

3819
3820
3821
3822
3823
3824
3825
....
3829
3830
3831
3832
3833
3834
3835

3836
3837
3838

















3839




3840
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3860
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3866
....
3882
3883
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3885
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3887
3888
3889


3890
3891
3892
3893
3894
3895





3896
3897
3898
3899
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3902
....
3914
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3920
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3926
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3928
....
3935
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3965
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3977

3978
3979



3980
3981
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3984
3985
3986
3987
3988
3989
3990
3991
3992
3993
3994
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3996
3997
3998
3999







4000
4001
4002
4003
4004
4005
4006
4007
4008
4009
4010
4011
4012

4013
4014
4015
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4022
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4027
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4037


4038
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4050

4051




4052



4053



4054








4055

4056
4057
4058
4059


4060
4061
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4065
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4068

4069
4070
4071



4072
4073
4074

4075
4076

4077


















4078
4079
4080
4081
4082
4083
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4085
4086







4087
4088
4089
4090
4091
4092
4093
....
4163
4164
4165
4166
4167
4168
4169























4170
4171
4172
4173
4174
4175
4176
4177
4178
4179
4180
4181
4182
4183
4184
4185
....
4206
4207
4208
4209
4210
4211
4212
4213
4214
4215

4216
4217
4218
4219
4220
4221
4222
4223
4224
4225
4226
4227
4228
4229
4230
4231
4232
4233
....
4269
4270
4271
4272
4273
4274
4275

4276
4277
4278
4279
4280
4281
4282
....
4286
4287
4288
4289
4290
4291
4292
4293
4294
4295
4296
4297
4298
4299
4300
4301
4302
4303
....
4316
4317
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4319
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4321
4322
4323
4324
4325
4326
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4328
4329
4330
4331
4332
4333
4334
4335
4336
4337
4338
4339
4340
4341
4342
....
4499
4500
4501
4502
4503
4504
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4506
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4510
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4512
4513
4514
....
4532
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4546
....
4588
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4594

4595
4596
4597
4598
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4600
4601
....
4606
4607
4608
4609
4610
4611
4612
4613











4614
4615
4616
4617
4618
4619
4620
4621
....
4661
4662
4663
4664
4665
4666
4667
4668
4669
4670
4671
4672
4673
4674
4675
4676
4677
4678
4679
4680
4681
4682
4683
4684
4685
4686
4687
4688
4689
....
4731
4732
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4734
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4737
4738
4739
4740
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4743
4744
4745
4746
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4749
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4751
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4753
4754
4755
4756
4757
4758



4759
4760
4761
4762
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4764
4765
....
4839
4840
4841
4842
4843
4844
4845
4846
4847
4848
4849
4850
4851
4852
4853
....
4859
4860
4861
4862
4863
4864
4865











4866
4867
4868
4869
4870
4871
4872
4873
4874
4875
4876
4877
4878
4879
4880
4881
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4885
4886
4887
4888
4889
4890
....
4908
4909
4910
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4914
4915
4916






4917
4918
4919






























4920
4921
4922
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4924
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4926
4927
4928
4929
4930
4931
4932
4933
4934
4935
4936
4937
4938
....
4946
4947
4948
4949
4950
4951
4952

4953
4954
4955
4956
4957
4958
4959
4960
4961
4962
4963
4964
....
4992
4993
4994
4995
4996
4997
4998
4999
5000
5001

5002
5003
5004
5005
5006
5007
5008
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5010
5011
5012
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5014
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5038
5039

5040






















5041
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....
5077
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....
5140
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5147
5148
5149
5150
5151
5152
5153
5154
5155
....
5184
5185
5186
5187
5188
5189
5190

5191
5192
5193


5194

5195

5196
5197


5198
5199









5200



5201
5202
5203
5204
5205
5206
5207
....
5275
5276
5277
5278
5279
5280
5281
5282
5283
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5286
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5289
....
5379
5380
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5386
5387
5388
5389
5390
5391
5392
5393
....
5401
5402
5403
5404
5405
5406
5407




5408
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5410
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5414
....
5445
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5447
5448
5449
5450
5451
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5453
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5455
5456
5457
5458
5459
....
5479
5480
5481
5482
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5486
5487
5488
5489
5490
5491
5492
5493
....
5590
5591
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5602
5603
5604
5605
....
5866
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5871
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5873
5874
5875
5876
5877
5878
5879
5880
5881
5882
5883
5884
5885
5886
5887
}

/*
** Return TRUE if the WHERE clause returns rows in ORDER BY order.
** Return FALSE if the output needs to be sorted.
*/
int sqlite3WhereIsOrdered(WhereInfo *pWInfo){
  return pWInfo->bOBSat!=0;
}

/*
** Return the VDBE address or label to jump to in order to continue
** immediately with the next row of a WHERE clause.
*/
int sqlite3WhereContinueLabel(WhereInfo *pWInfo){

  return pWInfo->iContinue;
}

/*
** Return the VDBE address or label to jump to in order to break
** out of a WHERE loop.
*/
................................................................................
    }
    pWC->nSlot = sqlite3DbMallocSize(db, pWC->a)/sizeof(pWC->a[0]);
  }
  pTerm = &pWC->a[idx = pWC->nTerm++];
  if( p && ExprHasProperty(p, EP_Unlikely) ){
    pTerm->truthProb = sqlite3LogEst(p->iTable) - 99;
  }else{
    pTerm->truthProb = -1;
  }
  pTerm->pExpr = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(p);
  pTerm->wtFlags = wtFlags;
  pTerm->pWC = pWC;
  pTerm->iParent = -1;
  return idx;
}
................................................................................
#endif
  assert( pRec!=0 );
  iCol = pRec->nField - 1;
  assert( pIdx->nSample>0 );
  assert( pRec->nField>0 && iCol<pIdx->nSampleCol );
  do{
    iTest = (iMin+i)/2;
    res = sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(aSample[iTest].n, aSample[iTest].p, pRec);
    if( res<0 ){
      iMin = iTest+1;
    }else{
      i = iTest;
    }
  }while( res && iMin<i );

................................................................................
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  /* The following assert statements check that the binary search code
  ** above found the right answer. This block serves no purpose other
  ** than to invoke the asserts.  */
  if( res==0 ){
    /* If (res==0) is true, then sample $i must be equal to pRec */
    assert( i<pIdx->nSample );
    assert( 0==sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(aSample[i].n, aSample[i].p, pRec)
         || pParse->db->mallocFailed );
  }else{
    /* Otherwise, pRec must be smaller than sample $i and larger than
    ** sample ($i-1).  */
    assert( i==pIdx->nSample 
         || sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(aSample[i].n, aSample[i].p, pRec)>0
         || pParse->db->mallocFailed );
    assert( i==0
         || sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(aSample[i-1].n, aSample[i-1].p, pRec)<0
         || pParse->db->mallocFailed );
  }
#endif /* ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG */

  /* At this point, aSample[i] is the first sample that is greater than
  ** or equal to pVal.  Or if i==pIdx->nSample, then all samples are less
  ** than pVal.  If aSample[i]==pVal, then res==0.
................................................................................
    aStat[1] = aSample[i].anEq[iCol];
  }else{
    tRowcnt iLower, iUpper, iGap;
    if( i==0 ){
      iLower = 0;
      iUpper = aSample[0].anLt[iCol];
    }else{

      iUpper = i>=pIdx->nSample ? pIdx->aiRowEst[0] : aSample[i].anLt[iCol];
      iLower = aSample[i-1].anEq[iCol] + aSample[i-1].anLt[iCol];
    }
    aStat[1] = (pIdx->nKeyCol>iCol ? pIdx->aAvgEq[iCol] : 1);
    if( iLower>=iUpper ){
      iGap = 0;
    }else{
      iGap = iUpper - iLower;
................................................................................
    }else{
      iGap = iGap/3;
    }
    aStat[0] = iLower + iGap;
  }
}
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4 */
























/*
** This function is used to estimate the number of rows that will be visited
** by scanning an index for a range of values. The range may have an upper
** bound, a lower bound, or both. The WHERE clause terms that set the upper
** and lower bounds are represented by pLower and pUpper respectively. For
** example, assuming that index p is on t1(a):
................................................................................
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER;
    }else{
      aff = p->pTable->aCol[p->aiColumn[nEq]].affinity;
    }
    /* Determine iLower and iUpper using ($P) only. */
    if( nEq==0 ){
      iLower = 0;
      iUpper = p->aiRowEst[0];
    }else{
      /* Note: this call could be optimized away - since the same values must 
      ** have been requested when testing key $P in whereEqualScanEst().  */
      whereKeyStats(pParse, p, pRec, 0, a);
      iLower = a[0];
      iUpper = a[0] + a[1];
    }
................................................................................
    }
  }
#else
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pParse);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pBuilder);
#endif
  assert( pLower || pUpper );
  /* TUNING:  Each inequality constraint reduces the search space 4-fold.
  ** A BETWEEN operator, therefore, reduces the search space 16-fold */
  nNew = nOut;
  if( pLower && (pLower->wtFlags & TERM_VNULL)==0 ){
    nNew -= 20;        assert( 20==sqlite3LogEst(4) );
    nOut--;
  }
  if( pUpper ){
    nNew -= 20;        assert( 20==sqlite3LogEst(4) );
    nOut--;
  }

  if( nNew<10 ) nNew = 10;
  if( nNew<nOut ) nOut = nNew;
  pLoop->nOut = (LogEst)nOut;
  return rc;
}

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
................................................................................
static int whereInScanEst(
  Parse *pParse,       /* Parsing & code generating context */
  WhereLoopBuilder *pBuilder,
  ExprList *pList,     /* The value list on the RHS of "x IN (v1,v2,v3,...)" */
  tRowcnt *pnRow       /* Write the revised row estimate here */
){
  Index *p = pBuilder->pNew->u.btree.pIndex;

  int nRecValid = pBuilder->nRecValid;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;     /* Subfunction return code */
  tRowcnt nEst;           /* Number of rows for a single term */
  tRowcnt nRowEst = 0;    /* New estimate of the number of rows */
  int i;                  /* Loop counter */

  assert( p->aSample!=0 );
  for(i=0; rc==SQLITE_OK && i<pList->nExpr; i++){
    nEst = p->aiRowEst[0];
    rc = whereEqualScanEst(pParse, pBuilder, pList->a[i].pExpr, &nEst);
    nRowEst += nEst;
    pBuilder->nRecValid = nRecValid;
  }

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( nRowEst > p->aiRowEst[0] ) nRowEst = p->aiRowEst[0];
    *pnRow = nRowEst;
    WHERETRACE(0x10,("IN row estimate: est=%g\n", nRowEst));
  }
  assert( pBuilder->nRecValid==nRecValid );
  return rc;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4 */
................................................................................
        disableTerm(pLevel, pLoop->aLTerm[j]);
      }
    }
    pLevel->op = OP_VNext;
    pLevel->p1 = iCur;
    pLevel->p2 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
    sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, iReg, nConstraint+2);
    sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse, 1);
  }else
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

  if( (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_IPK)!=0
   && (pLoop->wsFlags & (WHERE_COLUMN_IN|WHERE_COLUMN_EQ))!=0
  ){
    /* Case 2:  We can directly reference a single row using an
................................................................................
    ** was passed to this function to implement a "SELECT min(x) ..." 
    ** query, then the caller will only allow the loop to run for
    ** a single iteration. This means that the first row returned
    ** should not have a NULL value stored in 'x'. If column 'x' is
    ** the first one after the nEq equality constraints in the index,
    ** this requires some special handling.
    */



    if( (pWInfo->wctrlFlags&WHERE_ORDERBY_MIN)!=0
     && (pWInfo->bOBSat!=0)
     && (pIdx->nKeyCol>nEq)
    ){
      assert( pLoop->u.btree.nSkip==0 );
      bSeekPastNull = 1;
      nExtraReg = 1;
    }

................................................................................
      pRangeStart = pLoop->aLTerm[j++];
      nExtraReg = 1;
    }
    if( pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_TOP_LIMIT ){
      pRangeEnd = pLoop->aLTerm[j++];
      nExtraReg = 1;
      if( pRangeStart==0
       && (pRangeEnd->wtFlags & TERM_VNULL)==0
       && (j = pIdx->aiColumn[nEq])>=0 
       && pIdx->pTable->aCol[j].notNull==0
      ){
        bSeekPastNull = 1;
      }
    }


    /* Generate code to evaluate all constraint terms using == or IN
    ** and store the values of those terms in an array of registers
    ** starting at regBase.
    */
    regBase = codeAllEqualityTerms(pParse,pLevel,bRev,nExtraReg,&zStartAff);
    assert( zStartAff==0 || sqlite3Strlen30(zStartAff)>=nEq );
................................................................................
      pLevel->op = OP_Noop;
    }else if( bRev ){
      pLevel->op = OP_Prev;
    }else{
      pLevel->op = OP_Next;
    }
    pLevel->p1 = iIdxCur;
    assert( (WHERE_UNQ_WANTED>>16)==1 );
    pLevel->p3 = (pLoop->wsFlags>>16)&1;
    if( (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_CONSTRAINT)==0 ){
      pLevel->p5 = SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_FULLSCAN_STEP;
    }else{
      assert( pLevel->p5==0 );
    }
  }else

................................................................................
      WhereLoop *p = pWInfo->pLoops;
      pWInfo->pLoops = p->pNextLoop;
      whereLoopDelete(db, p);
    }
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pWInfo);
  }
}

/*
















































































































































** Insert or replace a WhereLoop entry using the template supplied.
**
** An existing WhereLoop entry might be overwritten if the new template
** is better and has fewer dependencies.  Or the template will be ignored
** and no insert will occur if an existing WhereLoop is faster and has
** fewer dependencies than the template.  Otherwise a new WhereLoop is
** added based on the template.
**
** If pBuilder->pOrSet is not NULL then we only care about only the
** prerequisites and rRun and nOut costs of the N best loops.  That
** information is gathered in the pBuilder->pOrSet object.  This special
** processing mode is used only for OR clause processing.
**
** When accumulating multiple loops (when pBuilder->pOrSet is NULL) we
** still might overwrite similar loops with the new template if the
** template is better.  Loops may be overwritten if the following 
** conditions are met:
**
**    (1)  They have the same iTab.
**    (2)  They have the same iSortIdx.
**    (3)  The template has same or fewer dependencies than the current loop
**    (4)  The template has the same or lower cost than the current loop
**    (5)  The template uses more terms of the same index but has no additional
**         dependencies          
*/
static int whereLoopInsert(WhereLoopBuilder *pBuilder, WhereLoop *pTemplate){
  WhereLoop **ppPrev, *p, *pNext = 0;
  WhereInfo *pWInfo = pBuilder->pWInfo;
  sqlite3 *db = pWInfo->pParse->db;

  /* If pBuilder->pOrSet is defined, then only keep track of the costs
  ** and prereqs.
  */
  if( pBuilder->pOrSet!=0 ){
................................................................................
      sqlite3DebugPrintf(x?"   or-%d:  ":"   or-X:  ", n);
      whereLoopPrint(pTemplate, pBuilder->pWC);
    }
#endif
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

  /* Search for an existing WhereLoop to overwrite, or which takes
  ** priority over pTemplate.
  */

  for(ppPrev=&pWInfo->pLoops, p=*ppPrev; p; ppPrev=&p->pNextLoop, p=*ppPrev){
    if( p->iTab!=pTemplate->iTab || p->iSortIdx!=pTemplate->iSortIdx ){
      /* If either the iTab or iSortIdx values for two WhereLoop are different
      ** then those WhereLoops need to be considered separately.  Neither is
      ** a candidate to replace the other. */
      continue;
    }





    /* In the current implementation, the rSetup value is either zero
    ** or the cost of building an automatic index (NlogN) and the NlogN
    ** is the same for compatible WhereLoops. */
    assert( p->rSetup==0 || pTemplate->rSetup==0 
                 || p->rSetup==pTemplate->rSetup );

    /* whereLoopAddBtree() always generates and inserts the automatic index
    ** case first.  Hence compatible candidate WhereLoops never have a larger
    ** rSetup. Call this SETUP-INVARIANT */
    assert( p->rSetup>=pTemplate->rSetup );

    if( (p->prereq & pTemplate->prereq)==p->prereq
     && p->rSetup<=pTemplate->rSetup
     && p->rRun<=pTemplate->rRun
     && p->nOut<=pTemplate->nOut
    ){
      /* This branch taken when p is equal or better than pTemplate in 
      ** all of (1) dependencies (2) setup-cost, (3) run-cost, and
      ** (4) number of output rows. */
      assert( p->rSetup==pTemplate->rSetup );
      if( p->prereq==pTemplate->prereq
       && p->nLTerm<pTemplate->nLTerm
       && (p->wsFlags & pTemplate->wsFlags & WHERE_INDEXED)!=0
       && (p->u.btree.pIndex==pTemplate->u.btree.pIndex
          || pTemplate->rRun+p->nLTerm<=p->rRun+pTemplate->nLTerm)
      ){
        /* Overwrite an existing WhereLoop with an similar one that uses
        ** more terms of the index */
        pNext = p->pNextLoop;
        break;


      }else{
        /* pTemplate is not helpful.
        ** Return without changing or adding anything */
        goto whereLoopInsert_noop;
      }
    }
    if( (p->prereq & pTemplate->prereq)==pTemplate->prereq
     && p->rRun>=pTemplate->rRun
     && p->nOut>=pTemplate->nOut
    ){
      /* Overwrite an existing WhereLoop with a better one: one that is
      ** better at one of (1) dependencies, (2) setup-cost, (3) run-cost
      ** or (4) number of output rows, and is no worse in any of those
      ** categories. */
      assert( p->rSetup>=pTemplate->rSetup ); /* SETUP-INVARIANT above */
      pNext = p->pNextLoop;
      break;
    }

  }

  /* If we reach this point it means that either p[] should be overwritten
  ** with pTemplate[] if p[] exists, or if p==NULL then allocate a new
  ** WhereLoop and insert it.
  */
#if WHERETRACE_ENABLED /* 0x8 */
................................................................................
      whereLoopPrint(p, pBuilder->pWC);
    }
    sqlite3DebugPrintf("ins-new:  ");
    whereLoopPrint(pTemplate, pBuilder->pWC);
  }
#endif
  if( p==0 ){

    p = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, sizeof(WhereLoop));
    if( p==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    whereLoopInit(p);

















  }




  whereLoopXfer(db, p, pTemplate);
  p->pNextLoop = pNext;
  *ppPrev = p;
  if( (p->wsFlags & WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE)==0 ){
    Index *pIndex = p->u.btree.pIndex;
    if( pIndex && pIndex->tnum==0 ){
      p->u.btree.pIndex = 0;
    }
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;

  /* Jump here if the insert is a no-op */
whereLoopInsert_noop:
#if WHERETRACE_ENABLED /* 0x8 */
  if( sqlite3WhereTrace & 0x8 ){
    sqlite3DebugPrintf("ins-noop: ");
    whereLoopPrint(pTemplate, pBuilder->pWC);
  }
#endif
  return SQLITE_OK;  
}

/*
** Adjust the WhereLoop.nOut value downward to account for terms of the
** WHERE clause that reference the loop but which are not used by an
** index.
**
................................................................................
    if( (pTerm->prereqAll & notAllowed)!=0 ) continue;
    for(j=pLoop->nLTerm-1; j>=0; j--){
      pX = pLoop->aLTerm[j];
      if( pX==0 ) continue;
      if( pX==pTerm ) break;
      if( pX->iParent>=0 && (&pWC->a[pX->iParent])==pTerm ) break;
    }
    if( j<0 ) pLoop->nOut += pTerm->truthProb;


  }
}

/*
** We have so far matched pBuilder->pNew->u.btree.nEq terms of the index pIndex.
** Try to match one more.





**
** If pProbe->tnum==0, that means pIndex is a fake index used for the
** INTEGER PRIMARY KEY.
*/
static int whereLoopAddBtreeIndex(
  WhereLoopBuilder *pBuilder,     /* The WhereLoop factory */
  struct SrcList_item *pSrc,      /* FROM clause term being analyzed */
................................................................................
  u16 saved_nLTerm;               /* Original value of pNew->nLTerm */
  u16 saved_nEq;                  /* Original value of pNew->u.btree.nEq */
  u16 saved_nSkip;                /* Original value of pNew->u.btree.nSkip */
  u32 saved_wsFlags;              /* Original value of pNew->wsFlags */
  LogEst saved_nOut;              /* Original value of pNew->nOut */
  int iCol;                       /* Index of the column in the table */
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;             /* Return code */
  LogEst nRowEst;                 /* Estimated index selectivity */
  LogEst rLogSize;                /* Logarithm of table size */
  WhereTerm *pTop = 0, *pBtm = 0; /* Top and bottom range constraints */

  pNew = pBuilder->pNew;
  if( db->mallocFailed ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;

  assert( (pNew->wsFlags & WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE)==0 );
................................................................................
    opMask = WO_EQ|WO_IN|WO_ISNULL|WO_GT|WO_GE|WO_LT|WO_LE;
  }
  if( pProbe->bUnordered ) opMask &= ~(WO_GT|WO_GE|WO_LT|WO_LE);

  assert( pNew->u.btree.nEq<=pProbe->nKeyCol );
  if( pNew->u.btree.nEq < pProbe->nKeyCol ){
    iCol = pProbe->aiColumn[pNew->u.btree.nEq];
    nRowEst = sqlite3LogEst(pProbe->aiRowEst[pNew->u.btree.nEq+1]);
    if( nRowEst==0 && pProbe->onError==OE_None ) nRowEst = 1;
  }else{
    iCol = -1;
    nRowEst = 0;
  }
  pTerm = whereScanInit(&scan, pBuilder->pWC, pSrc->iCursor, iCol,
                        opMask, pProbe);
  saved_nEq = pNew->u.btree.nEq;
  saved_nSkip = pNew->u.btree.nSkip;
  saved_nLTerm = pNew->nLTerm;
  saved_wsFlags = pNew->wsFlags;
  saved_prereq = pNew->prereq;
  saved_nOut = pNew->nOut;
  pNew->rSetup = 0;
  rLogSize = estLog(sqlite3LogEst(pProbe->aiRowEst[0]));

  /* Consider using a skip-scan if there are no WHERE clause constraints
  ** available for the left-most terms of the index, and if the average
  ** number of repeats in the left-most terms is at least 18.  The magic
  ** number 18 was found by experimentation to be the payoff point where
  ** skip-scan become faster than a full-scan.
  */







  if( pTerm==0
   && saved_nEq==saved_nSkip
   && saved_nEq+1<pProbe->nKeyCol
   && pProbe->aiRowEst[saved_nEq+1]>=18  /* TUNING: Minimum for skip-scan */
   && (rc = whereLoopResize(db, pNew, pNew->nLTerm+1))==SQLITE_OK
  ){
    LogEst nIter;
    pNew->u.btree.nEq++;
    pNew->u.btree.nSkip++;
    pNew->aLTerm[pNew->nLTerm++] = 0;
    pNew->wsFlags |= WHERE_SKIPSCAN;
    nIter = sqlite3LogEst(pProbe->aiRowEst[0]/pProbe->aiRowEst[saved_nEq+1]);

    whereLoopAddBtreeIndex(pBuilder, pSrc, pProbe, nIter);

  }
  for(; rc==SQLITE_OK && pTerm!=0; pTerm = whereScanNext(&scan)){



    int nIn = 0;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
    int nRecValid = pBuilder->nRecValid;
#endif
    if( (pTerm->eOperator==WO_ISNULL || (pTerm->wtFlags&TERM_VNULL)!=0)
     && (iCol<0 || pSrc->pTab->aCol[iCol].notNull)
    ){
      continue; /* ignore IS [NOT] NULL constraints on NOT NULL columns */
    }
    if( pTerm->prereqRight & pNew->maskSelf ) continue;

    assert( pNew->nOut==saved_nOut );

    pNew->wsFlags = saved_wsFlags;
    pNew->u.btree.nEq = saved_nEq;
    pNew->nLTerm = saved_nLTerm;
    if( whereLoopResize(db, pNew, pNew->nLTerm+1) ) break; /* OOM */
    pNew->aLTerm[pNew->nLTerm++] = pTerm;
    pNew->prereq = (saved_prereq | pTerm->prereqRight) & ~pNew->maskSelf;
    pNew->rRun = rLogSize; /* Baseline cost is log2(N).  Adjustments below */







    if( pTerm->eOperator & WO_IN ){
      Expr *pExpr = pTerm->pExpr;
      pNew->wsFlags |= WHERE_COLUMN_IN;
      if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
        /* "x IN (SELECT ...)":  TUNING: the SELECT returns 25 rows */
        nIn = 46;  assert( 46==sqlite3LogEst(25) );
      }else if( ALWAYS(pExpr->x.pList && pExpr->x.pList->nExpr) ){
        /* "x IN (value, value, ...)" */
        nIn = sqlite3LogEst(pExpr->x.pList->nExpr);
      }
      pNew->rRun += nIn;
      pNew->u.btree.nEq++;
      pNew->nOut = nRowEst + nInMul + nIn;

    }else if( pTerm->eOperator & (WO_EQ) ){
      assert(
        (pNew->wsFlags & (WHERE_COLUMN_NULL|WHERE_COLUMN_IN|WHERE_SKIPSCAN))!=0
        || nInMul==0
      );
      pNew->wsFlags |= WHERE_COLUMN_EQ;
      if( iCol<0 || (nInMul==0 && pNew->u.btree.nEq==pProbe->nKeyCol-1)){
        assert( (pNew->wsFlags & WHERE_COLUMN_IN)==0 || iCol<0 );
        if( iCol>=0 && pProbe->onError==OE_None ){
          pNew->wsFlags |= WHERE_UNQ_WANTED;
        }else{
          pNew->wsFlags |= WHERE_ONEROW;
        }
      }
      pNew->u.btree.nEq++;
      pNew->nOut = nRowEst + nInMul;
    }else if( pTerm->eOperator & (WO_ISNULL) ){
      pNew->wsFlags |= WHERE_COLUMN_NULL;
      pNew->u.btree.nEq++;
      /* TUNING: IS NULL selects 2 rows */
      nIn = 10;  assert( 10==sqlite3LogEst(2) );
      pNew->nOut = nRowEst + nInMul + nIn;
    }else if( pTerm->eOperator & (WO_GT|WO_GE) ){
      testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_GT );
      testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_GE );


      pNew->wsFlags |= WHERE_COLUMN_RANGE|WHERE_BTM_LIMIT;
      pBtm = pTerm;
      pTop = 0;
    }else{
      assert( pTerm->eOperator & (WO_LT|WO_LE) );
      testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_LT );
      testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_LE );
      pNew->wsFlags |= WHERE_COLUMN_RANGE|WHERE_TOP_LIMIT;
      pTop = pTerm;
      pBtm = (pNew->wsFlags & WHERE_BTM_LIMIT)!=0 ?
                     pNew->aLTerm[pNew->nLTerm-2] : 0;
    }
    if( pNew->wsFlags & WHERE_COLUMN_RANGE ){

      /* Adjust nOut and rRun for STAT3 range values */




      assert( pNew->nOut==saved_nOut );



      whereRangeScanEst(pParse, pBuilder, pBtm, pTop, pNew);



    }








#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4

    if( nInMul==0 
     && pProbe->nSample 
     && pNew->u.btree.nEq<=pProbe->nSampleCol
     && OptimizationEnabled(db, SQLITE_Stat3) 


    ){
      Expr *pExpr = pTerm->pExpr;
      tRowcnt nOut = 0;
      if( (pTerm->eOperator & (WO_EQ|WO_ISNULL))!=0 ){
        testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_EQ );

        testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_ISNULL );
        rc = whereEqualScanEst(pParse, pBuilder, pExpr->pRight, &nOut);
      }else if( (pTerm->eOperator & WO_IN)
             &&  !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect)  ){

        rc = whereInScanEst(pParse, pBuilder, pExpr->x.pList, &nOut);
      }
      assert( nOut==0 || rc==SQLITE_OK );



      if( nOut ){
        pNew->nOut = sqlite3LogEst(nOut);
        if( pNew->nOut>saved_nOut ) pNew->nOut = saved_nOut;

      }
    }

#endif


















    if( (pNew->wsFlags & (WHERE_IDX_ONLY|WHERE_IPK))==0 ){
      /* Each row involves a step of the index, then a binary search of
      ** the main table */
      pNew->rRun =  sqlite3LogEstAdd(pNew->rRun,rLogSize>27 ? rLogSize-17 : 10);
    }
    /* Step cost for each output row */
    pNew->rRun = sqlite3LogEstAdd(pNew->rRun, pNew->nOut);




    whereLoopOutputAdjust(pBuilder->pWC, pNew);
    rc = whereLoopInsert(pBuilder, pNew);







    if( (pNew->wsFlags & WHERE_TOP_LIMIT)==0
     && pNew->u.btree.nEq<(pProbe->nKeyCol + (pProbe->zName!=0))
    ){
      whereLoopAddBtreeIndex(pBuilder, pSrc, pProbe, nInMul+nIn);
    }
    pNew->nOut = saved_nOut;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
................................................................................
  return 0;
}

/*
** Add all WhereLoop objects for a single table of the join where the table
** is idenfied by pBuilder->pNew->iTab.  That table is guaranteed to be
** a b-tree table, not a virtual table.























*/
static int whereLoopAddBtree(
  WhereLoopBuilder *pBuilder, /* WHERE clause information */
  Bitmask mExtra              /* Extra prerequesites for using this table */
){
  WhereInfo *pWInfo;          /* WHERE analysis context */
  Index *pProbe;              /* An index we are evaluating */
  Index sPk;                  /* A fake index object for the primary key */
  tRowcnt aiRowEstPk[2];      /* The aiRowEst[] value for the sPk index */
  i16 aiColumnPk = -1;        /* The aColumn[] value for the sPk index */
  SrcList *pTabList;          /* The FROM clause */
  struct SrcList_item *pSrc;  /* The FROM clause btree term to add */
  WhereLoop *pNew;            /* Template WhereLoop object */
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;         /* Return code */
  int iSortIdx = 1;           /* Index number */
  int b;                      /* A boolean value */
................................................................................
    ** variable sPk to represent the rowid primary key index.  Make this
    ** fake index the first in a chain of Index objects with all of the real
    ** indices to follow */
    Index *pFirst;                  /* First of real indices on the table */
    memset(&sPk, 0, sizeof(Index));
    sPk.nKeyCol = 1;
    sPk.aiColumn = &aiColumnPk;
    sPk.aiRowEst = aiRowEstPk;
    sPk.onError = OE_Replace;
    sPk.pTable = pTab;

    aiRowEstPk[0] = pTab->nRowEst;
    aiRowEstPk[1] = 1;
    pFirst = pSrc->pTab->pIndex;
    if( pSrc->notIndexed==0 ){
      /* The real indices of the table are only considered if the
      ** NOT INDEXED qualifier is omitted from the FROM clause */
      sPk.pNext = pFirst;
    }
    pProbe = &sPk;
  }
  rSize = sqlite3LogEst(pTab->nRowEst);
  rLogSize = estLog(rSize);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOMATIC_INDEX
  /* Automatic indexes */
  if( !pBuilder->pOrSet
   && (pWInfo->pParse->db->flags & SQLITE_AutoIndex)!=0
   && pSrc->pIndex==0
................................................................................
  /* Loop over all indices
  */
  for(; rc==SQLITE_OK && pProbe; pProbe=pProbe->pNext, iSortIdx++){
    if( pProbe->pPartIdxWhere!=0
     && !whereUsablePartialIndex(pNew->iTab, pWC, pProbe->pPartIdxWhere) ){
      continue;  /* Partial index inappropriate for this query */
    }

    pNew->u.btree.nEq = 0;
    pNew->u.btree.nSkip = 0;
    pNew->nLTerm = 0;
    pNew->iSortIdx = 0;
    pNew->rSetup = 0;
    pNew->prereq = mExtra;
    pNew->nOut = rSize;
................................................................................
    assert( (pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED)==0 || b==0 );
    if( pProbe->tnum<=0 ){
      /* Integer primary key index */
      pNew->wsFlags = WHERE_IPK;

      /* Full table scan */
      pNew->iSortIdx = b ? iSortIdx : 0;
      /* TUNING: Cost of full table scan is 3*(N + log2(N)).
      **  +  The extra 3 factor is to encourage the use of indexed lookups
      **     over full scans.  FIXME */
      pNew->rRun = sqlite3LogEstAdd(rSize,rLogSize) + 16;
      whereLoopOutputAdjust(pWC, pNew);
      rc = whereLoopInsert(pBuilder, pNew);
      pNew->nOut = rSize;
      if( rc ) break;
    }else{
      Bitmask m;
      if( pProbe->isCovering ){
................................................................................
         && (pProbe->szIdxRow<pTab->szTabRow)
         && (pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED)==0
         && sqlite3GlobalConfig.bUseCis
         && OptimizationEnabled(pWInfo->pParse->db, SQLITE_CoverIdxScan)
          )
      ){
        pNew->iSortIdx = b ? iSortIdx : 0;
        if( m==0 ){
          /* TUNING: Cost of a covering index scan is K*(N + log2(N)).
          **  +  The extra factor K of between 1.1 and 3.0 that depends
          **     on the relative sizes of the table and the index.  K
          **     is smaller for smaller indices, thus favoring them.
          */
          pNew->rRun = sqlite3LogEstAdd(rSize,rLogSize) + 1 +
                        (15*pProbe->szIdxRow)/pTab->szTabRow;
        }else{
          /* TUNING: Cost of scanning a non-covering index is (N+1)*log2(N)
          ** which we will simplify to just N*log2(N) */
          pNew->rRun = rSize + rLogSize;
        }
        whereLoopOutputAdjust(pWC, pNew);
        rc = whereLoopInsert(pBuilder, pNew);
        pNew->nOut = rSize;
        if( rc ) break;
      }
    }

................................................................................
    if( i>=nConstraint ){
      pNew->nLTerm = mxTerm+1;
      assert( pNew->nLTerm<=pNew->nLSlot );
      pNew->u.vtab.idxNum = pIdxInfo->idxNum;
      pNew->u.vtab.needFree = pIdxInfo->needToFreeIdxStr;
      pIdxInfo->needToFreeIdxStr = 0;
      pNew->u.vtab.idxStr = pIdxInfo->idxStr;
      pNew->u.vtab.isOrdered = (u8)((pIdxInfo->nOrderBy!=0)
                                     && pIdxInfo->orderByConsumed);
      pNew->rSetup = 0;
      pNew->rRun = sqlite3LogEstFromDouble(pIdxInfo->estimatedCost);
      pNew->nOut = sqlite3LogEst(pIdxInfo->estimatedRows);
      whereLoopInsert(pBuilder, pNew);
      if( pNew->u.vtab.needFree ){
        sqlite3_free(pNew->u.vtab.idxStr);
        pNew->u.vtab.needFree = 0;
................................................................................
  WhereClause *pWC;
  WhereLoop *pNew;
  WhereTerm *pTerm, *pWCEnd;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  int iCur;
  WhereClause tempWC;
  WhereLoopBuilder sSubBuild;
  WhereOrSet sSum, sCur, sPrev;
  struct SrcList_item *pItem;
  
  pWC = pBuilder->pWC;
  if( pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_AND_ONLY ) return SQLITE_OK;
  pWCEnd = pWC->a + pWC->nTerm;
  pNew = pBuilder->pNew;
  memset(&sSum, 0, sizeof(sSum));
................................................................................
        if( sCur.n==0 ){
          sSum.n = 0;
          break;
        }else if( once ){
          whereOrMove(&sSum, &sCur);
          once = 0;
        }else{

          whereOrMove(&sPrev, &sSum);
          sSum.n = 0;
          for(i=0; i<sPrev.n; i++){
            for(j=0; j<sCur.n; j++){
              whereOrInsert(&sSum, sPrev.a[i].prereq | sCur.a[j].prereq,
                            sqlite3LogEstAdd(sPrev.a[i].rRun, sCur.a[j].rRun),
                            sqlite3LogEstAdd(sPrev.a[i].nOut, sCur.a[j].nOut));
................................................................................
      pNew->nLTerm = 1;
      pNew->aLTerm[0] = pTerm;
      pNew->wsFlags = WHERE_MULTI_OR;
      pNew->rSetup = 0;
      pNew->iSortIdx = 0;
      memset(&pNew->u, 0, sizeof(pNew->u));
      for(i=0; rc==SQLITE_OK && i<sSum.n; i++){
        /* TUNING: Multiple by 3.5 for the secondary table lookup */











        pNew->rRun = sSum.a[i].rRun + 18;
        pNew->nOut = sSum.a[i].nOut;
        pNew->prereq = sSum.a[i].prereq;
        rc = whereLoopInsert(pBuilder, pNew);
      }
    }
  }
  return rc;
................................................................................
  whereLoopClear(db, pNew);
  return rc;
}

/*
** Examine a WherePath (with the addition of the extra WhereLoop of the 5th
** parameters) to see if it outputs rows in the requested ORDER BY
** (or GROUP BY) without requiring a separate sort operation.  Return:
** 
**    0:  ORDER BY is not satisfied.  Sorting required
**    1:  ORDER BY is satisfied.      Omit sorting
**   -1:  Unknown at this time
**
** Note that processing for WHERE_GROUPBY and WHERE_DISTINCTBY is not as
** strict.  With GROUP BY and DISTINCT the only requirement is that
** equivalent rows appear immediately adjacent to one another.  GROUP BY
** and DISTINT do not require rows to appear in any particular order as long
** as equivelent rows are grouped together.  Thus for GROUP BY and DISTINCT
** the pOrderBy terms can be matched in any order.  With ORDER BY, the 
** pOrderBy terms must be matched in strict left-to-right order.
*/
static int wherePathSatisfiesOrderBy(
  WhereInfo *pWInfo,    /* The WHERE clause */
  ExprList *pOrderBy,   /* ORDER BY or GROUP BY or DISTINCT clause to check */
  WherePath *pPath,     /* The WherePath to check */
  u16 wctrlFlags,       /* Might contain WHERE_GROUPBY or WHERE_DISTINCTBY */
  u16 nLoop,            /* Number of entries in pPath->aLoop[] */
  WhereLoop *pLast,     /* Add this WhereLoop to the end of pPath->aLoop[] */
  Bitmask *pRevMask     /* OUT: Mask of WhereLoops to run in reverse order */
................................................................................
  **
  ** The rowid for a table is always UNIQUE and NOT NULL so whenever the
  ** rowid appears in the ORDER BY clause, the corresponding WhereLoop is
  ** automatically order-distinct.
  */

  assert( pOrderBy!=0 );

  /* Sortability of virtual tables is determined by the xBestIndex method
  ** of the virtual table itself */
  if( pLast->wsFlags & WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE ){
    testcase( nLoop>0 );  /* True when outer loops are one-row and match 
                          ** no ORDER BY terms */
    return pLast->u.vtab.isOrdered;
  }
  if( nLoop && OptimizationDisabled(db, SQLITE_OrderByIdxJoin) ) return 0;

  nOrderBy = pOrderBy->nExpr;
  testcase( nOrderBy==BMS-1 );
  if( nOrderBy>BMS-1 ) return 0;  /* Cannot optimize overly large ORDER BYs */
  isOrderDistinct = 1;
  obDone = MASKBIT(nOrderBy)-1;
  orderDistinctMask = 0;
  ready = 0;
  for(iLoop=0; isOrderDistinct && obSat<obDone && iLoop<=nLoop; iLoop++){
    if( iLoop>0 ) ready |= pLoop->maskSelf;
    pLoop = iLoop<nLoop ? pPath->aLoop[iLoop] : pLast;
    assert( (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE)==0 );



    iCur = pWInfo->pTabList->a[pLoop->iTab].iCursor;

    /* Mark off any ORDER BY term X that is a column in the table of
    ** the current loop for which there is term in the WHERE
    ** clause of the form X IS NULL or X=? that reference only outer
    ** loops.
    */
................................................................................
         && j>=pLoop->u.btree.nEq
         && pIndex->pTable->aCol[iColumn].notNull==0
        ){
          isOrderDistinct = 0;
        }

        /* Find the ORDER BY term that corresponds to the j-th column
        ** of the index and and mark that ORDER BY term off 
        */
        bOnce = 1;
        isMatch = 0;
        for(i=0; bOnce && i<nOrderBy; i++){
          if( MASKBIT(i) & obSat ) continue;
          pOBExpr = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pOrderBy->a[i].pExpr);
          testcase( wctrlFlags & WHERE_GROUPBY );
................................................................................
          if( iColumn>=0 ){
            pColl = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pWInfo->pParse, pOrderBy->a[i].pExpr);
            if( !pColl ) pColl = db->pDfltColl;
            if( sqlite3StrICmp(pColl->zName, pIndex->azColl[j])!=0 ) continue;
          }
          isMatch = 1;
          break;











        }
        if( isMatch ){
          if( iColumn<0 ){
            testcase( distinctColumns==0 );
            distinctColumns = 1;
          }
          obSat |= MASKBIT(i);
          if( (pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_GROUPBY)==0 ){
            /* Make sure the sort order is compatible in an ORDER BY clause.
            ** Sort order is irrelevant for a GROUP BY clause. */
            if( revSet ){
              if( (rev ^ revIdx)!=pOrderBy->a[i].sortOrder ) return 0;
            }else{
              rev = revIdx ^ pOrderBy->a[i].sortOrder;
              if( rev ) *pRevMask |= MASKBIT(iLoop);
              revSet = 1;
            }
          }
        }else{
          /* No match found */
          if( j==0 || j<nKeyCol ){
            testcase( isOrderDistinct!=0 );
            isOrderDistinct = 0;
          }
          break;
................................................................................
        if( mTerm==0 && !sqlite3ExprIsConstant(p) ) continue;
        if( (mTerm&~orderDistinctMask)==0 ){
          obSat |= MASKBIT(i);
        }
      }
    }
  } /* End the loop over all WhereLoops from outer-most down to inner-most */
  if( obSat==obDone ) return 1;
  if( !isOrderDistinct ) return 0;






  return -1;
}































#ifdef WHERETRACE_ENABLED
/* For debugging use only: */
static const char *wherePathName(WherePath *pPath, int nLoop, WhereLoop *pLast){
  static char zName[65];
  int i;
  for(i=0; i<nLoop; i++){ zName[i] = pPath->aLoop[i]->cId; }
  if( pLast ) zName[i++] = pLast->cId;
  zName[i] = 0;
  return zName;
}
#endif


/*
** Given the list of WhereLoop objects at pWInfo->pLoops, this routine
** attempts to find the lowest cost path that visits each WhereLoop
** once.  This path is then loaded into the pWInfo->a[].pWLoop fields.
**
** Assume that the total number of output rows that will need to be sorted
................................................................................
  int mxChoice;             /* Maximum number of simultaneous paths tracked */
  int nLoop;                /* Number of terms in the join */
  Parse *pParse;            /* Parsing context */
  sqlite3 *db;              /* The database connection */
  int iLoop;                /* Loop counter over the terms of the join */
  int ii, jj;               /* Loop counters */
  int mxI = 0;              /* Index of next entry to replace */

  LogEst rCost;             /* Cost of a path */
  LogEst nOut;              /* Number of outputs */
  LogEst mxCost = 0;        /* Maximum cost of a set of paths */
  LogEst mxOut = 0;         /* Maximum nOut value on the set of paths */
  LogEst rSortCost;         /* Cost to do a sort */
  int nTo, nFrom;           /* Number of valid entries in aTo[] and aFrom[] */
  WherePath *aFrom;         /* All nFrom paths at the previous level */
  WherePath *aTo;           /* The nTo best paths at the current level */
  WherePath *pFrom;         /* An element of aFrom[] that we are working on */
  WherePath *pTo;           /* An element of aTo[] that we are working on */
  WhereLoop *pWLoop;        /* One of the WhereLoop objects */
  WhereLoop **pX;           /* Used to divy up the pSpace memory */
................................................................................
  ** of computing an automatic index is not paid back within the first 25
  ** rows, then do not use the automatic index. */
  aFrom[0].nRow = MIN(pParse->nQueryLoop, 46);  assert( 46==sqlite3LogEst(25) );
  nFrom = 1;

  /* Precompute the cost of sorting the final result set, if the caller
  ** to sqlite3WhereBegin() was concerned about sorting */
  rSortCost = 0;
  if( pWInfo->pOrderBy==0 || nRowEst==0 ){
    aFrom[0].isOrderedValid = 1;

  }else{
    /* TUNING: Estimated cost of sorting is 48*N*log2(N) where N is the
    ** number of output rows. The 48 is the expected size of a row to sort. 
    ** FIXME:  compute a better estimate of the 48 multiplier based on the
    ** result set expressions. */
    rSortCost = nRowEst + estLog(nRowEst);
    WHERETRACE(0x002,("---- sort cost=%-3d\n", rSortCost));
  }

  /* Compute successively longer WherePaths using the previous generation
  ** of WherePaths as the basis for the next.  Keep track of the mxChoice
  ** best paths at each generation */
  for(iLoop=0; iLoop<nLoop; iLoop++){
    nTo = 0;
    for(ii=0, pFrom=aFrom; ii<nFrom; ii++, pFrom++){
      for(pWLoop=pWInfo->pLoops; pWLoop; pWLoop=pWLoop->pNextLoop){
        Bitmask maskNew;
        Bitmask revMask = 0;
        u8 isOrderedValid = pFrom->isOrderedValid;
        u8 isOrdered = pFrom->isOrdered;
        if( (pWLoop->prereq & ~pFrom->maskLoop)!=0 ) continue;
        if( (pWLoop->maskSelf & pFrom->maskLoop)!=0 ) continue;
        /* At this point, pWLoop is a candidate to be the next loop. 
        ** Compute its cost */
        rCost = sqlite3LogEstAdd(pWLoop->rSetup,pWLoop->rRun + pFrom->nRow);
        rCost = sqlite3LogEstAdd(rCost, pFrom->rCost);
        nOut = pFrom->nRow + pWLoop->nOut;
        maskNew = pFrom->maskLoop | pWLoop->maskSelf;
        if( !isOrderedValid ){
          switch( wherePathSatisfiesOrderBy(pWInfo,
                       pWInfo->pOrderBy, pFrom, pWInfo->wctrlFlags,
                       iLoop, pWLoop, &revMask) ){
            case 1:  /* Yes.  pFrom+pWLoop does satisfy the ORDER BY clause */
              isOrdered = 1;
              isOrderedValid = 1;
              break;

            case 0:  /* No.  pFrom+pWLoop will require a separate sort */
              isOrdered = 0;

              isOrderedValid = 1;






















              rCost = sqlite3LogEstAdd(rCost, rSortCost);
              break;
            default: /* Cannot tell yet.  Try again on the next iteration */
              break;
          }
        }else{
          revMask = pFrom->revLoop;
        }
        /* Check to see if pWLoop should be added to the mxChoice best so far */
        for(jj=0, pTo=aTo; jj<nTo; jj++, pTo++){
          if( pTo->maskLoop==maskNew
           && pTo->isOrderedValid==isOrderedValid
           && ((pTo->rCost<=rCost && pTo->nRow<=nOut) ||
                (pTo->rCost>=rCost && pTo->nRow>=nOut))
          ){
            testcase( jj==nTo-1 );
            break;
          }
        }
        if( jj>=nTo ){
          if( nTo>=mxChoice && rCost>=mxCost ){
#ifdef WHERETRACE_ENABLED /* 0x4 */
            if( sqlite3WhereTrace&0x4 ){
              sqlite3DebugPrintf("Skip   %s cost=%-3d,%3d order=%c\n",
                  wherePathName(pFrom, iLoop, pWLoop), rCost, nOut,
                  isOrderedValid ? (isOrdered ? 'Y' : 'N') : '?');
            }
#endif
            continue;
          }
          /* Add a new Path to the aTo[] set */
          if( nTo<mxChoice ){
            /* Increase the size of the aTo set by one */
................................................................................
            jj = mxI;
          }
          pTo = &aTo[jj];
#ifdef WHERETRACE_ENABLED /* 0x4 */
          if( sqlite3WhereTrace&0x4 ){
            sqlite3DebugPrintf("New    %s cost=%-3d,%3d order=%c\n",
                wherePathName(pFrom, iLoop, pWLoop), rCost, nOut,
                isOrderedValid ? (isOrdered ? 'Y' : 'N') : '?');
          }
#endif
        }else{
          if( pTo->rCost<=rCost && pTo->nRow<=nOut ){
#ifdef WHERETRACE_ENABLED /* 0x4 */
            if( sqlite3WhereTrace&0x4 ){
              sqlite3DebugPrintf(
                  "Skip   %s cost=%-3d,%3d order=%c",
                  wherePathName(pFrom, iLoop, pWLoop), rCost, nOut,
                  isOrderedValid ? (isOrdered ? 'Y' : 'N') : '?');
              sqlite3DebugPrintf("   vs %s cost=%-3d,%d order=%c\n",
                  wherePathName(pTo, iLoop+1, 0), pTo->rCost, pTo->nRow,
                  pTo->isOrderedValid ? (pTo->isOrdered ? 'Y' : 'N') : '?');
            }
#endif
            testcase( pTo->rCost==rCost );
            continue;
          }
          testcase( pTo->rCost==rCost+1 );
          /* A new and better score for a previously created equivalent path */
#ifdef WHERETRACE_ENABLED /* 0x4 */
          if( sqlite3WhereTrace&0x4 ){
            sqlite3DebugPrintf(
                "Update %s cost=%-3d,%3d order=%c",
                wherePathName(pFrom, iLoop, pWLoop), rCost, nOut,
                isOrderedValid ? (isOrdered ? 'Y' : 'N') : '?');
            sqlite3DebugPrintf("  was %s cost=%-3d,%3d order=%c\n",
                wherePathName(pTo, iLoop+1, 0), pTo->rCost, pTo->nRow,
                pTo->isOrderedValid ? (pTo->isOrdered ? 'Y' : 'N') : '?');
          }
#endif
        }
        /* pWLoop is a winner.  Add it to the set of best so far */
        pTo->maskLoop = pFrom->maskLoop | pWLoop->maskSelf;
        pTo->revLoop = revMask;
        pTo->nRow = nOut;
        pTo->rCost = rCost;
        pTo->isOrderedValid = isOrderedValid;
        pTo->isOrdered = isOrdered;
        memcpy(pTo->aLoop, pFrom->aLoop, sizeof(WhereLoop*)*iLoop);
        pTo->aLoop[iLoop] = pWLoop;
        if( nTo>=mxChoice ){
          mxI = 0;
          mxCost = aTo[0].rCost;
          mxOut = aTo[0].nRow;
................................................................................

#ifdef WHERETRACE_ENABLED  /* >=2 */
    if( sqlite3WhereTrace>=2 ){
      sqlite3DebugPrintf("---- after round %d ----\n", iLoop);
      for(ii=0, pTo=aTo; ii<nTo; ii++, pTo++){
        sqlite3DebugPrintf(" %s cost=%-3d nrow=%-3d order=%c",
           wherePathName(pTo, iLoop+1, 0), pTo->rCost, pTo->nRow,
           pTo->isOrderedValid ? (pTo->isOrdered ? 'Y' : 'N') : '?');
        if( pTo->isOrderedValid && pTo->isOrdered ){
          sqlite3DebugPrintf(" rev=0x%llx\n", pTo->revLoop);
        }else{
          sqlite3DebugPrintf("\n");
        }
      }
    }
#endif
................................................................................
   && (pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_DISTINCTBY)==0
   && pWInfo->eDistinct==WHERE_DISTINCT_NOOP
   && nRowEst
  ){
    Bitmask notUsed;
    int rc = wherePathSatisfiesOrderBy(pWInfo, pWInfo->pResultSet, pFrom,
                 WHERE_DISTINCTBY, nLoop-1, pFrom->aLoop[nLoop-1], &notUsed);

    if( rc==1 ) pWInfo->eDistinct = WHERE_DISTINCT_ORDERED;
  }
  if( pFrom->isOrdered ){


    if( pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_DISTINCTBY ){

      pWInfo->eDistinct = WHERE_DISTINCT_ORDERED;

    }else{
      pWInfo->bOBSat = 1;


      pWInfo->revMask = pFrom->revLoop;
    }









  }



  pWInfo->nRowOut = pFrom->nRow;

  /* Free temporary memory and return success */
  sqlite3DbFree(db, pSpace);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

................................................................................
  }
  if( pLoop->wsFlags ){
    pLoop->nOut = (LogEst)1;
    pWInfo->a[0].pWLoop = pLoop;
    pLoop->maskSelf = getMask(&pWInfo->sMaskSet, iCur);
    pWInfo->a[0].iTabCur = iCur;
    pWInfo->nRowOut = 1;
    if( pWInfo->pOrderBy ) pWInfo->bOBSat =  1;
    if( pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_WANT_DISTINCT ){
      pWInfo->eDistinct = WHERE_DISTINCT_UNIQUE;
    }
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    pLoop->cId = '0';
#endif
    return 1;
................................................................................
** be used to compute the appropriate cursor depending on which index is
** used.
*/
WhereInfo *sqlite3WhereBegin(
  Parse *pParse,        /* The parser context */
  SrcList *pTabList,    /* FROM clause: A list of all tables to be scanned */
  Expr *pWhere,         /* The WHERE clause */
  ExprList *pOrderBy,   /* An ORDER BY clause, or NULL */
  ExprList *pResultSet, /* Result set of the query */
  u16 wctrlFlags,       /* One of the WHERE_* flags defined in sqliteInt.h */
  int iIdxCur           /* If WHERE_ONETABLE_ONLY is set, index cursor number */
){
  int nByteWInfo;            /* Num. bytes allocated for WhereInfo struct */
  int nTabList;              /* Number of elements in pTabList */
  WhereInfo *pWInfo;         /* Will become the return value of this function */
................................................................................
  sqlite3 *db;               /* Database connection */
  int rc;                    /* Return code */


  /* Variable initialization */
  db = pParse->db;
  memset(&sWLB, 0, sizeof(sWLB));




  sWLB.pOrderBy = pOrderBy;

  /* Disable the DISTINCT optimization if SQLITE_DistinctOpt is set via
  ** sqlite3_test_ctrl(SQLITE_TESTCTRL_OPTIMIZATIONS,...) */
  if( OptimizationDisabled(db, SQLITE_DistinctOpt) ){
    wctrlFlags &= ~WHERE_WANT_DISTINCT;
  }
................................................................................
  }
  pWInfo->aiCurOnePass[0] = pWInfo->aiCurOnePass[1] = -1;
  pWInfo->nLevel = nTabList;
  pWInfo->pParse = pParse;
  pWInfo->pTabList = pTabList;
  pWInfo->pOrderBy = pOrderBy;
  pWInfo->pResultSet = pResultSet;
  pWInfo->iBreak = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
  pWInfo->wctrlFlags = wctrlFlags;
  pWInfo->savedNQueryLoop = pParse->nQueryLoop;
  pMaskSet = &pWInfo->sMaskSet;
  sWLB.pWInfo = pWInfo;
  sWLB.pWC = &pWInfo->sWC;
  sWLB.pNew = (WhereLoop*)(((char*)pWInfo)+nByteWInfo);
  assert( EIGHT_BYTE_ALIGNMENT(sWLB.pNew) );
................................................................................
      sWLB.pWC->a[ii].wtFlags |= TERM_CODED;
    }
  }

  /* Special case: No FROM clause
  */
  if( nTabList==0 ){
    if( pOrderBy ) pWInfo->bOBSat = 1;
    if( wctrlFlags & WHERE_WANT_DISTINCT ){
      pWInfo->eDistinct = WHERE_DISTINCT_UNIQUE;
    }
  }

  /* Assign a bit from the bitmask to every term in the FROM clause.
  **
................................................................................
  if( pParse->nErr || NEVER(db->mallocFailed) ){
    goto whereBeginError;
  }
#ifdef WHERETRACE_ENABLED /* !=0 */
  if( sqlite3WhereTrace ){
    int ii;
    sqlite3DebugPrintf("---- Solution nRow=%d", pWInfo->nRowOut);
    if( pWInfo->bOBSat ){
      sqlite3DebugPrintf(" ORDERBY=0x%llx", pWInfo->revMask);
    }
    switch( pWInfo->eDistinct ){
      case WHERE_DISTINCT_UNIQUE: {
        sqlite3DebugPrintf("  DISTINCT=unique");
        break;
      }
      case WHERE_DISTINCT_ORDERED: {
................................................................................
    assert( pTab!=0 );
    pLoop = pLevel->pWLoop;

    /* For a co-routine, change all OP_Column references to the table of
    ** the co-routine into OP_SCopy of result contained in a register.
    ** OP_Rowid becomes OP_Null.
    */
    if( pTabItem->viaCoroutine ){
      last = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
      k = pLevel->addrBody;
      pOp = sqlite3VdbeGetOp(v, k);
      for(; k<last; k++, pOp++){
        if( pOp->p1!=pLevel->iTabCur ) continue;
        if( pOp->opcode==OP_Column ){
          pOp->opcode = OP_SCopy;
          pOp->p1 = pOp->p2 + pTabItem->regResult;
          pOp->p2 = pOp->p3;
          pOp->p3 = 0;
        }else if( pOp->opcode==OP_Rowid ){
          pOp->opcode = OP_Null;
          pOp->p1 = 0;
          pOp->p3 = 0;







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