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Overview
Comment:Infrastructure changes to handle name resolution differently. This is needed to fix various long-standing problems with column names in joins. It will also make the implementation of correlated subqueries easier. (CVS 2228)
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Timelines: family | ancestors | descendants | both | trunk
Files: files | file ages | folders
SHA1: 4a7534396a72ccb300303df28798bb2c50293782
User & Date: drh 2005-01-17 22:08:19
Context
2005-01-18
04:00
Refinements to the name resolution logic. Change the name of the keywordhash.c file to keywordhash.h. (CVS 2229) check-in: 0142ae6f user: drh tags: trunk
2005-01-17
22:08
Infrastructure changes to handle name resolution differently. This is needed to fix various long-standing problems with column names in joins. It will also make the implementation of correlated subqueries easier. (CVS 2228) check-in: 4a753439 user: drh tags: trunk
08:57
Fix a bug reported on the mailing list concerning a conflict between "INSERT INTO ... SELECT" statements and the "SELECT max(x) FROM tbl" optimization. (CVS 2227) check-in: 5a9da62a user: danielk1977 tags: trunk
Changes
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Changes to src/build.c.

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**     CREATE INDEX
**     DROP INDEX
**     creating ID lists
**     BEGIN TRANSACTION
**     COMMIT
**     ROLLBACK
**
** $Id: build.c,v 1.291 2005/01/17 07:53:44 danielk1977 Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"
#include <ctype.h>

/*
** This routine is called when a new SQL statement is beginning to
** be parsed.  Initialize the pParse structure as needed.
................................................................................
  pCol = &(p->aCol[p->nCol-1]);
  if( !sqlite3ExprIsConstant(pExpr) ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "default value of column [%s] is not constant",
        pCol->zName);
  }else{
    sqlite3ExprDelete(pCol->pDflt);
    pCol->pDflt = sqlite3ExprDup(pExpr);
    sqlite3ExprCheck(pParse, pExpr, 0, 0);
  }
  sqlite3ExprDelete(pExpr);
}

/*
** Designate the PRIMARY KEY for the table.  pList is a list of names 
** of columns that form the primary key.  If pList is NULL, then the







|







 







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**     CREATE INDEX
**     DROP INDEX
**     creating ID lists
**     BEGIN TRANSACTION
**     COMMIT
**     ROLLBACK
**
** $Id: build.c,v 1.292 2005/01/17 22:08:19 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"
#include <ctype.h>

/*
** This routine is called when a new SQL statement is beginning to
** be parsed.  Initialize the pParse structure as needed.
................................................................................
  pCol = &(p->aCol[p->nCol-1]);
  if( !sqlite3ExprIsConstant(pExpr) ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "default value of column [%s] is not constant",
        pCol->zName);
  }else{
    sqlite3ExprDelete(pCol->pDflt);
    pCol->pDflt = sqlite3ExprDup(pExpr);
    sqlite3ExprResolveNames(pParse,0,0,pExpr,0,0,0);
  }
  sqlite3ExprDelete(pExpr);
}

/*
** Designate the PRIMARY KEY for the table.  pList is a list of names 
** of columns that form the primary key.  If pList is NULL, then the

Changes to src/delete.c.

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**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains C code routines that are called by the parser
** in order to generate code for DELETE FROM statements.
**
** $Id: delete.c,v 1.95 2005/01/10 02:48:49 danielk1977 Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"

/*
** Look up every table that is named in pSrc.  If any table is not found,
** add an error message to pParse->zErrMsg and return NULL.  If all tables
** are found, return a pointer to the last table.
................................................................................
    oldIdx = pParse->nTab++;
  }

  /* Resolve the column names in all the expressions.
  */
  assert( pTabList->nSrc==1 );
  iCur = pTabList->a[0].iCursor = pParse->nTab++;
  if( sqlite3ExprResolveAndCheck(pParse, pTabList, 0, pWhere, 0, 0) ){
    goto delete_from_cleanup;
  }

  /* Start the view context
  */
  if( isView ){
    sqlite3AuthContextPush(pParse, &sContext, pTab->zName);







|







 







|







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**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains C code routines that are called by the parser
** in order to generate code for DELETE FROM statements.
**
** $Id: delete.c,v 1.96 2005/01/17 22:08:19 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"

/*
** Look up every table that is named in pSrc.  If any table is not found,
** add an error message to pParse->zErrMsg and return NULL.  If all tables
** are found, return a pointer to the last table.
................................................................................
    oldIdx = pParse->nTab++;
  }

  /* Resolve the column names in all the expressions.
  */
  assert( pTabList->nSrc==1 );
  iCur = pTabList->a[0].iCursor = pParse->nTab++;
  if( sqlite3ExprResolveNames(pParse, pTabList, 0, pWhere, 0, 0, 1) ){
    goto delete_from_cleanup;
  }

  /* Start the view context
  */
  if( isView ){
    sqlite3AuthContextPush(pParse, &sContext, pTab->zName);

Changes to src/expr.c.

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**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains routines used for analyzing expressions and
** for generating VDBE code that evaluates expressions in SQLite.
**
** $Id: expr.c,v 1.178 2005/01/15 01:52:32 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"
#include <ctype.h>

/*
** Return the 'affinity' of the expression pExpr if any.
**
................................................................................
  if( sqlite3CheckCollSeq(pParse, pColl) ){ 
    pColl = 0;
  }
  return pColl;
}

/*
** pExpr is the left operand of a comparison operator.  aff2 is the
** type affinity of the right operand.  This routine returns the
** type affinity that should be used for the comparison operator.
*/
char sqlite3CompareAffinity(Expr *pExpr, char aff2){
  char aff1 = sqlite3ExprAffinity(pExpr);
  if( aff1 && aff2 ){
    /* Both sides of the comparison are columns. If one has numeric or
    ** integer affinity, use that. Otherwise use no affinity.
................................................................................
  for(pItem=pList->a, i=0; i<pList->nExpr; i++, pItem++){
    sqlite3ExprDelete(pItem->pExpr);
    sqliteFree(pItem->zName);
  }
  sqliteFree(pList->a);
  sqliteFree(pList);
}

/*
** Walk an expression tree.  Return 1 if the expression is constant
** and 0 if it involves variables.
**
** For the purposes of this function, a double-quoted string (ex: "abc")
** is considered a variable but a single-quoted string (ex: 'abc') is
** a constant.
*/
int sqlite3ExprIsConstant(Expr *p){
  switch( p->op ){
    case TK_ID:
    case TK_COLUMN:
    case TK_DOT:
    case TK_FUNCTION:
      return 0;
    case TK_NULL:
    case TK_STRING:
    case TK_BLOB:
    case TK_INTEGER:
    case TK_FLOAT:
    case TK_VARIABLE:
    case TK_CTIME:
    case TK_CTIMESTAMP:
    case TK_CDATE:
      return 1;
    default: {
      if( p->pLeft && !sqlite3ExprIsConstant(p->pLeft) ) return 0;
      if( p->pRight && !sqlite3ExprIsConstant(p->pRight) ) return 0;
      if( p->pList ){
        int i;
        for(i=0; i<p->pList->nExpr; i++){
          if( !sqlite3ExprIsConstant(p->pList->a[i].pExpr) ) return 0;
        }
      }
      return p->pLeft!=0 || p->pRight!=0 || (p->pList && p->pList->nExpr>0);
    }
  }
  return 0;



























}

/*
** If the given expression codes a constant integer that is small enough
** to fit in a 32-bit integer, return 1 and put the value of the integer
** in *pValue.  If the expression is not an integer or if it is too big
** to fit in a signed 32-bit integer, return 0 and leave *pValue unchanged.
................................................................................
** in pParse and return non-zero.  Return zero on success.
*/
static int lookupName(
  Parse *pParse,      /* The parsing context */
  Token *pDbToken,     /* Name of the database containing table, or NULL */
  Token *pTableToken,  /* Name of table containing column, or NULL */
  Token *pColumnToken, /* Name of the column. */
  SrcList *pSrcList,   /* List of tables used to resolve column names */
  ExprList *pEList,    /* List of expressions used to resolve "AS" */
  Expr *pExpr          /* Make this EXPR node point to the selected column */
){
  char *zDb = 0;       /* Name of the database.  The "X" in X.Y.Z */
  char *zTab = 0;      /* Name of the table.  The "Y" in X.Y.Z or Y.Z */
  char *zCol = 0;      /* Name of the column.  The "Z" */
  int i, j;            /* Loop counters */
  int cnt = 0;         /* Number of matching column names */
  int cntTab = 0;      /* Number of matching table names */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;         /* The database */
  struct SrcList_item *pItem;       /* Use for looping over pSrcList items */
  struct SrcList_item *pMatch = 0;  /* The matching pSrcList item */

  assert( pColumnToken && pColumnToken->z ); /* The Z in X.Y.Z cannot be NULL */
  zDb = sqlite3NameFromToken(pDbToken);
  zTab = sqlite3NameFromToken(pTableToken);
  zCol = sqlite3NameFromToken(pColumnToken);
  if( sqlite3_malloc_failed ){
    return 1;  /* Leak memory (zDb and zTab) if malloc fails */
  }
  assert( zTab==0 || pEList==0 );

  pExpr->iTable = -1;






  for(i=0, pItem=pSrcList->a; i<pSrcList->nSrc; i++, pItem++){
    Table *pTab = pItem->pTab;
    Column *pCol;

    if( pTab==0 ) continue;
    assert( pTab->nCol>0 );
    if( zTab ){
      if( pItem->zAlias ){
        char *zTabName = pItem->zAlias;
        if( sqlite3StrICmp(zTabName, zTab)!=0 ) continue;
      }else{
        char *zTabName = pTab->zName;
        if( zTabName==0 || sqlite3StrICmp(zTabName, zTab)!=0 ) continue;
        if( zDb!=0 && sqlite3StrICmp(db->aDb[pTab->iDb].zName, zDb)!=0 ){
          continue;
        }
      }
    }
    if( 0==(cntTab++) ){
      pExpr->iTable = pItem->iCursor;
      pExpr->iDb = pTab->iDb;
      pMatch = pItem;
    }
    for(j=0, pCol=pTab->aCol; j<pTab->nCol; j++, pCol++){
      if( sqlite3StrICmp(pCol->zName, zCol)==0 ){
        cnt++;
        pExpr->iTable = pItem->iCursor;
        pMatch = pItem;
        pExpr->iDb = pTab->iDb;
        /* Substitute the rowid (column -1) for the INTEGER PRIMARY KEY */
        pExpr->iColumn = j==pTab->iPKey ? -1 : j;
        pExpr->affinity = pTab->aCol[j].affinity;
        pExpr->pColl = pTab->aCol[j].pColl;
        break;
      }
    }
  }

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
  /* If we have not already resolved the name, then maybe 
  ** it is a new.* or old.* trigger argument reference
  */
  if( zDb==0 && zTab!=0 && cnt==0 && pParse->trigStack!=0 ){
    TriggerStack *pTriggerStack = pParse->trigStack;
    Table *pTab = 0;
    if( pTriggerStack->newIdx != -1 && sqlite3StrICmp("new", zTab) == 0 ){
      pExpr->iTable = pTriggerStack->newIdx;
      assert( pTriggerStack->pTab );
      pTab = pTriggerStack->pTab;
    }else if( pTriggerStack->oldIdx != -1 && sqlite3StrICmp("old", zTab) == 0 ){
      pExpr->iTable = pTriggerStack->oldIdx;
      assert( pTriggerStack->pTab );
      pTab = pTriggerStack->pTab;
    }

    if( pTab ){ 
      int j;
      Column *pCol = pTab->aCol;
      
      pExpr->iDb = pTab->iDb;
      cntTab++;
      for(j=0; j < pTab->nCol; j++, pCol++) {
        if( sqlite3StrICmp(pCol->zName, zCol)==0 ){
          cnt++;
          pExpr->iColumn = j==pTab->iPKey ? -1 : j;
          pExpr->affinity = pTab->aCol[j].affinity;
          pExpr->pColl = pTab->aCol[j].pColl;
          break;
        }
      }
    }
  }


































#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER) */

  /*
  ** Perhaps the name is a reference to the ROWID
  */
  if( cnt==0 && cntTab==1 && sqlite3IsRowid(zCol) ){
    cnt = 1;
    pExpr->iColumn = -1;
    pExpr->affinity = SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER;
  }

  /*
  ** If the input is of the form Z (not Y.Z or X.Y.Z) then the name Z
  ** might refer to an result-set alias.  This happens, for example, when
  ** we are resolving names in the WHERE clause of the following command:
  **
  **     SELECT a+b AS x FROM table WHERE x<10;
  **
  ** In cases like this, replace pExpr with a copy of the expression that
  ** forms the result set entry ("a+b" in the example) and return immediately.
  ** Note that the expression in the result set should have already been
  ** resolved by the time the WHERE clause is resolved.
  */
  if( cnt==0 && pEList!=0 ){
    for(j=0; j<pEList->nExpr; j++){
      char *zAs = pEList->a[j].zName;
      if( zAs!=0 && sqlite3StrICmp(zAs, zCol)==0 ){
        assert( pExpr->pLeft==0 && pExpr->pRight==0 );
        pExpr->op = TK_AS;
        pExpr->iColumn = j;
        pExpr->pLeft = sqlite3ExprDup(pEList->a[j].pExpr);
        sqliteFree(zCol);
        assert( zTab==0 && zDb==0 );
        return 0;
      }
    } 








  }

  /*
  ** If X and Y are NULL (in other words if only the column name Z is
  ** supplied) and the value of Z is enclosed in double-quotes, then
  ** Z is a string literal if it doesn't match any column names.  In that
  ** case, we need to return right away and not make any changes to
................................................................................
  sqliteFree(zTab);
  sqliteFree(zCol);
  sqlite3ExprDelete(pExpr->pLeft);
  pExpr->pLeft = 0;
  sqlite3ExprDelete(pExpr->pRight);
  pExpr->pRight = 0;
  pExpr->op = TK_COLUMN;


  sqlite3AuthRead(pParse, pExpr, pSrcList);

  return cnt!=1;
}























































































































































































/*
** This routine walks an expression tree and resolves references to
** table columns.  Nodes of the form ID.ID or ID resolve into an
** index to the table in the table list and a column offset.  The 
** Expr.opcode for such nodes is changed to TK_COLUMN.  The Expr.iTable
** value is changed to the index of the referenced table in pTabList
................................................................................
** plus the "base" value.  The base value will ultimately become the
** VDBE cursor number for a cursor that is pointing into the referenced
** table.  The Expr.iColumn value is changed to the index of the column 
** of the referenced table.  The Expr.iColumn value for the special
** ROWID column is -1.  Any INTEGER PRIMARY KEY column is tried as an
** alias for ROWID.
**
** We also check for instances of the IN operator.  IN comes in two



** forms:
































**
**           expr IN (exprlist)
** and
**           expr IN (SELECT ...)
**
** The first form is handled by creating a set holding the list
** of allowed values.  The second form causes the SELECT to generate 
** a temporary table.
**
** This routine also looks for scalar SELECTs that are part of an expression.
** If it finds any, it generates code to write the value of that select
** into a memory cell.
**
** Unknown columns or tables provoke an error.  The function returns
** the number of errors seen and leaves an error message on pParse->zErrMsg.
*/
int sqlite3ExprResolveIds(

  Parse *pParse,     /* The parser context */
  SrcList *pSrcList, /* List of tables used to resolve column names */
  ExprList *pEList,  /* List of expressions used to resolve "AS" */
  Expr *pExpr        /* The expression to be analyzed. */
){
  int i;

  if( pExpr==0 || pSrcList==0 ) return 0;
  for(i=0; i<pSrcList->nSrc; i++){
    assert( pSrcList->a[i].iCursor>=0 && pSrcList->a[i].iCursor<pParse->nTab );
  }
  switch( pExpr->op ){
    /* Double-quoted strings (ex: "abc") are used as identifiers if
    ** possible.  Otherwise they remain as strings.  Single-quoted
    ** strings (ex: 'abc') are always string literals.
    */
    case TK_STRING: {
      if( pExpr->token.z[0]=='\'' ) break;
      /* Fall thru into the TK_ID case if this is a double-quoted string */
    }
    /* A lone identifier is the name of a columnd.
    */
    case TK_ID: {
      if( lookupName(pParse, 0, 0, &pExpr->token, pSrcList, pEList, pExpr) ){
        return 1;
      }
      break; 
    }
  
    /* A table name and column name:     ID.ID
    ** Or a database, table and column:  ID.ID.ID
    */
    case TK_DOT: {
      Token *pColumn;
      Token *pTable;
      Token *pDb;
      Expr *pRight;

      pRight = pExpr->pRight;
      if( pRight->op==TK_ID ){
        pDb = 0;
        pTable = &pExpr->pLeft->token;
        pColumn = &pRight->token;
      }else{
        assert( pRight->op==TK_DOT );
        pDb = &pExpr->pLeft->token;
        pTable = &pRight->pLeft->token;
        pColumn = &pRight->pRight->token;
      }
      if( lookupName(pParse, pDb, pTable, pColumn, pSrcList, 0, pExpr) ){
        return 1;
      }
      break;
    }

    case TK_IN: {
      char affinity;
      Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
      KeyInfo keyInfo;
      int addr;        /* Address of OP_OpenTemp instruction */

      if( v==0 ) return 1;
      if( sqlite3ExprResolveIds(pParse, pSrcList, pEList, pExpr->pLeft) ){
        return 1;
      }
      affinity = sqlite3ExprAffinity(pExpr->pLeft);

      /* Whether this is an 'x IN(SELECT...)' or an 'x IN(<exprlist>)'
      ** expression it is handled the same way. A temporary table is 
      ** filled with single-field index keys representing the results
      ** from the SELECT or the <exprlist>.
      **
................................................................................
        for(i=0; i<pExpr->pList->nExpr; i++){
          Expr *pE2 = pExpr->pList->a[i].pExpr;

          /* Check that the expression is constant and valid. */
          if( !sqlite3ExprIsConstant(pE2) ){
            sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse,
              "right-hand side of IN operator must be constant");
            return 1;
          }
          if( sqlite3ExprCheck(pParse, pE2, 0, 0) ){
            return 1;
          }

          /* Evaluate the expression and insert it into the temp table */
          sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pE2);
          sqlite3VdbeOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, 1, 0, &affinity, 1);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_String8, 0, 0);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_PutStrKey, pExpr->iTable, 0);
        }
      }
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP3(v, addr, (void *)&keyInfo, P3_KEYINFO);

      break;
    }

    case TK_SELECT: {
      /* This has to be a scalar SELECT.  Generate code to put the
      ** value of this select in a memory cell and record the number
      ** of the memory cell in iColumn.
      */
      pExpr->iColumn = pParse->nMem++;
      if(sqlite3Select(pParse, pExpr->pSelect, SRT_Mem,pExpr->iColumn,0,0,0,0)){
        return 1;
      }
      break;
    }

    /* For all else, just recursively walk the tree */
    default: {
      if( pExpr->pLeft
      && sqlite3ExprResolveIds(pParse, pSrcList, pEList, pExpr->pLeft) ){
        return 1;
      }
      if( pExpr->pRight 
      && sqlite3ExprResolveIds(pParse, pSrcList, pEList, pExpr->pRight) ){
        return 1;
      }
      if( pExpr->pList ){
        int i;
        ExprList *pList = pExpr->pList;
        for(i=0; i<pList->nExpr; i++){
          Expr *pArg = pList->a[i].pExpr;
          if( sqlite3ExprResolveIds(pParse, pSrcList, pEList, pArg) ){
            return 1;
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** pExpr is a node that defines a function of some kind.  It might
** be a syntactic function like "count(x)" or it might be a function
** that implements an operator, like "a LIKE b".  
**
** This routine makes *pzName point to the name of the function and 
** *pnName hold the number of characters in the function name.
*/
static void getFunctionName(Expr *pExpr, const char **pzName, int *pnName){
  switch( pExpr->op ){
    case TK_FUNCTION: {
      *pzName = pExpr->token.z;
      *pnName = pExpr->token.n;
      break;
    }
    case TK_LIKE: {
      *pzName = "like";
      *pnName = 4;
      break;
    }
    case TK_GLOB: {
      *pzName = "glob";
      *pnName = 4;
      break;
    }
    case TK_CTIME: {
      *pzName = "current_time";
      *pnName = 12;
      break;
    }
    case TK_CDATE: {
      *pzName = "current_date";
      *pnName = 12;
      break;
    }
    case TK_CTIMESTAMP: {
      *pzName = "current_timestamp";
      *pnName = 17;
      break;
    }
    default: {
      *pzName = "can't happen";
      *pnName = 12;
      break;
    }
  }
}

/*
** Error check the functions in an expression.  Make sure all
** function names are recognized and all functions have the correct
** number of arguments.  Leave an error message in pParse->zErrMsg
** if anything is amiss.  Return the number of errors.
**
** if pIsAgg is not null and this expression is an aggregate function
** (like count(*) or max(value)) then write a 1 into *pIsAgg.
*/
int sqlite3ExprCheck(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr, int allowAgg, int *pIsAgg){
  int nErr = 0;
  if( pExpr==0 ) return 0;
  switch( pExpr->op ){
    case TK_CTIME:
    case TK_CTIMESTAMP:
    case TK_CDATE:
    /* Note: The above three were a seperate case in sqlmoto. Reason? */
    case TK_GLOB:
    case TK_LIKE:
    case TK_FUNCTION: {
      int n = pExpr->pList ? pExpr->pList->nExpr : 0;  /* Number of arguments */
      int no_such_func = 0;       /* True if no such function exists */
      int wrong_num_args = 0;     /* True if wrong number of arguments */
      int is_agg = 0;             /* True if is an aggregate function */
      int i;
      int nId;                    /* Number of characters in function name */
      const char *zId;            /* The function name. */
      FuncDef *pDef;
      int enc = pParse->db->enc;

      getFunctionName(pExpr, &zId, &nId);
      pDef = sqlite3FindFunction(pParse->db, zId, nId, n, enc, 0);
      if( pDef==0 ){
        pDef = sqlite3FindFunction(pParse->db, zId, nId, -1, enc, 0);
        if( pDef==0 ){
          no_such_func = 1;
        }else{
          wrong_num_args = 1;
        }
      }else{
        is_agg = pDef->xFunc==0;
      }
      if( is_agg && !allowAgg ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "misuse of aggregate function %.*s()", nId, zId);
        nErr++;
        is_agg = 0;
      }else if( no_such_func ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "no such function: %.*s", nId, zId);
        nErr++;
      }else if( wrong_num_args ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse,"wrong number of arguments to function %.*s()",
             nId, zId);
        nErr++;
      }
      if( is_agg ){
        pExpr->op = TK_AGG_FUNCTION;
        if( pIsAgg ) *pIsAgg = 1;
      }
      for(i=0; nErr==0 && i<n; i++){
        nErr = sqlite3ExprCheck(pParse, pExpr->pList->a[i].pExpr,
                               allowAgg && !is_agg, pIsAgg);
      }
      /* FIX ME:  Compute pExpr->affinity based on the expected return
      ** type of the function 
      */
    }
    default: {
      if( pExpr->pLeft ){
        nErr = sqlite3ExprCheck(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, allowAgg, pIsAgg);
      }
      if( nErr==0 && pExpr->pRight ){
        nErr = sqlite3ExprCheck(pParse, pExpr->pRight, allowAgg, pIsAgg);
      }
      if( nErr==0 && pExpr->pList ){
        int n = pExpr->pList->nExpr;
        int i;
        for(i=0; nErr==0 && i<n; i++){
          Expr *pE2 = pExpr->pList->a[i].pExpr;
          nErr = sqlite3ExprCheck(pParse, pE2, allowAgg, pIsAgg);
        }
      }
      break;
    }
  }
  return nErr;
}

/*
** Call sqlite3ExprResolveIds() followed by sqlite3ExprCheck().
**
** This routine is provided as a convenience since it is very common
** to call ResolveIds() and Check() back to back.
*/
int sqlite3ExprResolveAndCheck(
  Parse *pParse,     /* The parser context */
  SrcList *pSrcList, /* List of tables used to resolve column names */
  ExprList *pEList,  /* List of expressions used to resolve "AS" */
  Expr *pExpr,       /* The expression to be analyzed. */
  int allowAgg,      /* True to allow aggregate expressions */
  int *pIsAgg        /* Set to TRUE if aggregates are found */
){
  if( pExpr==0 ) return 0;
  if( sqlite3ExprResolveIds(pParse,pSrcList,pEList,pExpr) ){

    return 1;
  }
  return sqlite3ExprCheck(pParse, pExpr, allowAgg, pIsAgg);
}

/*
** Generate an instruction that will put the integer describe by
** text z[0..n-1] on the stack.
*/
static void codeInteger(Vdbe *v, const char *z, int n){
................................................................................
    pParse->aAgg = aAgg;
  }
  memset(&pParse->aAgg[pParse->nAgg], 0, sizeof(pParse->aAgg[0]));
  return pParse->nAgg++;
}

/*
** Analyze the given expression looking for aggregate functions and
** for variables that need to be added to the pParse->aAgg[] array.
** Make additional entries to the pParse->aAgg[] array as necessary.
**
** This routine should only be called after the expression has been
** analyzed by sqlite3ExprResolveIds() and sqlite3ExprCheck().
**
** If errors are seen, leave an error message in zErrMsg and return
** the number of errors.
*/
int sqlite3ExprAnalyzeAggregates(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr){

  int i;
  AggExpr *aAgg;
  int nErr = 0;


  if( pExpr==0 ) return 0;
  switch( pExpr->op ){
    case TK_COLUMN: {
      aAgg = pParse->aAgg;
      for(i=0; i<pParse->nAgg; i++){
        if( aAgg[i].isAgg ) continue;
        if( aAgg[i].pExpr->iTable==pExpr->iTable
         && aAgg[i].pExpr->iColumn==pExpr->iColumn ){
................................................................................
      if( i>=pParse->nAgg ){
        i = appendAggInfo(pParse);
        if( i<0 ) return 1;
        pParse->aAgg[i].isAgg = 0;
        pParse->aAgg[i].pExpr = pExpr;
      }
      pExpr->iAgg = i;
      break;
    }
    case TK_AGG_FUNCTION: {
      aAgg = pParse->aAgg;
      for(i=0; i<pParse->nAgg; i++){
        if( !aAgg[i].isAgg ) continue;
        if( sqlite3ExprCompare(aAgg[i].pExpr, pExpr) ){
          break;
................................................................................
        pParse->aAgg[i].isAgg = 1;
        pParse->aAgg[i].pExpr = pExpr;
        pParse->aAgg[i].pFunc = sqlite3FindFunction(pParse->db,
             pExpr->token.z, pExpr->token.n,
             pExpr->pList ? pExpr->pList->nExpr : 0, enc, 0);
      }
      pExpr->iAgg = i;
      break;
    }
    default: {
      if( pExpr->pLeft ){
        nErr = sqlite3ExprAnalyzeAggregates(pParse, pExpr->pLeft);
      }
      if( nErr==0 && pExpr->pRight ){
        nErr = sqlite3ExprAnalyzeAggregates(pParse, pExpr->pRight);

      }
      if( nErr==0 && pExpr->pList ){
        int n = pExpr->pList->nExpr;
        int i;
        for(i=0; nErr==0 && i<n; i++){
          nErr = sqlite3ExprAnalyzeAggregates(pParse, pExpr->pList->a[i].pExpr);
        }
      }
      break;
    }
  }














  return nErr;
}

/*
** Locate a user function given a name, a number of arguments and a flag
** indicating whether the function prefers UTF-16 over UTF-8.  Return a
** pointer to the FuncDef structure that defines that function, or return
** NULL if the function does not exist.







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**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains routines used for analyzing expressions and
** for generating VDBE code that evaluates expressions in SQLite.
**
** $Id: expr.c,v 1.179 2005/01/17 22:08:19 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"
#include <ctype.h>

/*
** Return the 'affinity' of the expression pExpr if any.
**
................................................................................
  if( sqlite3CheckCollSeq(pParse, pColl) ){ 
    pColl = 0;
  }
  return pColl;
}

/*
** pExpr is an operand of a comparison operator.  aff2 is the
** type affinity of the other operand.  This routine returns the
** type affinity that should be used for the comparison operator.
*/
char sqlite3CompareAffinity(Expr *pExpr, char aff2){
  char aff1 = sqlite3ExprAffinity(pExpr);
  if( aff1 && aff2 ){
    /* Both sides of the comparison are columns. If one has numeric or
    ** integer affinity, use that. Otherwise use no affinity.
................................................................................
  for(pItem=pList->a, i=0; i<pList->nExpr; i++, pItem++){
    sqlite3ExprDelete(pItem->pExpr);
    sqliteFree(pItem->zName);
  }
  sqliteFree(pList->a);
  sqliteFree(pList);
}

/*
** Walk an expression tree.  Call xFunc for each node visited.
** The return value from xFunc determines whether the tree walk continues.
** 0 means continue walking the tree.  1 means do not walk children
** of the current node but continue with siblings.  2 means abandon
** the tree walk completely.
**
** The return value from this routine is 1 to abandon the tree walk
** and 0 to continue.
*/
static int walkExprTree(Expr *pExpr, int (*xFunc)(void*,Expr*), void *pArg){
  ExprList *pList;
  int rc;
  if( pExpr==0 ) return 0;
  rc = (*xFunc)(pArg, pExpr);
  if( rc==0 ){
    if( walkExprTree(pExpr->pLeft, xFunc, pArg) ) return 1;
    if( walkExprTree(pExpr->pRight, xFunc, pArg) ) return 1;
    pList = pExpr->pList;
    if( pList ){
      int i;
      struct ExprList_item *pItem;
      for(i=pList->nExpr, pItem=pList->a; i>0; i--, pItem++){
        if( walkExprTree(pItem->pExpr, xFunc, pArg) ) return 1;
      }
    }
  }
  return rc>1;
}

/*
** This routine is designed as an xFunc for walkExprTree().
**
** pArg is really a pointer to an integer.  If we can tell by looking
** at just pExpr and none of its children that the expression is a 
** constant, then set *pArg to 1 and return 0.  If we can tell that
** the expression is not a constant, then set *pArg to 0 and return 0.
** If we need to look at child nodes, return 1.
*/
static int exprNodeIsConstant(void *pArg, Expr *pExpr){
  switch( pExpr->op ){
    case TK_ID:
    case TK_COLUMN:
    case TK_DOT:
    case TK_AGG_FUNCTION:
    case TK_FUNCTION:
      *((int*)pArg) = 0;
      return 2;
    default:
      return 0;
  }
}

/*
** Walk an expression tree.  Return 1 if the expression is constant
** and 0 if it involves variables.
**
** For the purposes of this function, a double-quoted string (ex: "abc")
** is considered a variable but a single-quoted string (ex: 'abc') is
** a constant.
*/
int sqlite3ExprIsConstant(Expr *p){
  int isConst = 1;
  walkExprTree(p, exprNodeIsConstant, &isConst);
  return isConst;
}

/*
** If the given expression codes a constant integer that is small enough
** to fit in a 32-bit integer, return 1 and put the value of the integer
** in *pValue.  If the expression is not an integer or if it is too big
** to fit in a signed 32-bit integer, return 0 and leave *pValue unchanged.
................................................................................
** in pParse and return non-zero.  Return zero on success.
*/
static int lookupName(
  Parse *pParse,      /* The parsing context */
  Token *pDbToken,     /* Name of the database containing table, or NULL */
  Token *pTableToken,  /* Name of table containing column, or NULL */
  Token *pColumnToken, /* Name of the column. */
  NameContext *pNC,    /* The name context used to resolve the name */

  Expr *pExpr          /* Make this EXPR node point to the selected column */
){
  char *zDb = 0;       /* Name of the database.  The "X" in X.Y.Z */
  char *zTab = 0;      /* Name of the table.  The "Y" in X.Y.Z or Y.Z */
  char *zCol = 0;      /* Name of the column.  The "Z" */
  int i, j;            /* Loop counters */
  int cnt = 0;         /* Number of matching column names */
  int cntTab = 0;      /* Number of matching table names */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;  /* The database */
  struct SrcList_item *pItem;       /* Use for looping over pSrcList items */
  struct SrcList_item *pMatch = 0;  /* The matching pSrcList item */

  assert( pColumnToken && pColumnToken->z ); /* The Z in X.Y.Z cannot be NULL */
  zDb = sqlite3NameFromToken(pDbToken);
  zTab = sqlite3NameFromToken(pTableToken);
  zCol = sqlite3NameFromToken(pColumnToken);
  if( sqlite3_malloc_failed ){
    return 1;  /* Leak memory (zDb and zTab) if malloc fails */
  }


  pExpr->iTable = -1;
  while( pNC && cnt==0 ){
    SrcList *pSrcList = pNC->pSrcList;
    ExprList *pEList = pNC->pEList;

    pNC->nRef++;
    /* assert( zTab==0 || pEList==0 ); */
    for(i=0, pItem=pSrcList->a; i<pSrcList->nSrc; i++, pItem++){
      Table *pTab = pItem->pTab;
      Column *pCol;

      if( pTab==0 ) continue;
      assert( pTab->nCol>0 );
      if( zTab ){
        if( pItem->zAlias ){
          char *zTabName = pItem->zAlias;
          if( sqlite3StrICmp(zTabName, zTab)!=0 ) continue;
        }else{
          char *zTabName = pTab->zName;
          if( zTabName==0 || sqlite3StrICmp(zTabName, zTab)!=0 ) continue;
          if( zDb!=0 && sqlite3StrICmp(db->aDb[pTab->iDb].zName, zDb)!=0 ){
            continue;
          }
        }
      }
      if( 0==(cntTab++) ){
        pExpr->iTable = pItem->iCursor;
        pExpr->iDb = pTab->iDb;
        pMatch = pItem;
      }
      for(j=0, pCol=pTab->aCol; j<pTab->nCol; j++, pCol++){
        if( sqlite3StrICmp(pCol->zName, zCol)==0 ){
          cnt++;
          pExpr->iTable = pItem->iCursor;
          pMatch = pItem;
          pExpr->iDb = pTab->iDb;
          /* Substitute the rowid (column -1) for the INTEGER PRIMARY KEY */


































          pExpr->iColumn = j==pTab->iPKey ? -1 : j;
          pExpr->affinity = pTab->aCol[j].affinity;
          pExpr->pColl = pTab->aCol[j].pColl;
          break;
        }
      }
    }

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
    /* If we have not already resolved the name, then maybe 
    ** it is a new.* or old.* trigger argument reference
    */
    if( zDb==0 && zTab!=0 && cnt==0 && pParse->trigStack!=0 ){
      TriggerStack *pTriggerStack = pParse->trigStack;
      Table *pTab = 0;
      if( pTriggerStack->newIdx != -1 && sqlite3StrICmp("new", zTab) == 0 ){
        pExpr->iTable = pTriggerStack->newIdx;
        assert( pTriggerStack->pTab );
        pTab = pTriggerStack->pTab;
      }else if( pTriggerStack->oldIdx != -1 && sqlite3StrICmp("old", zTab)==0 ){
        pExpr->iTable = pTriggerStack->oldIdx;
        assert( pTriggerStack->pTab );
        pTab = pTriggerStack->pTab;
      }

      if( pTab ){ 
        int j;
        Column *pCol = pTab->aCol;

        pExpr->iDb = pTab->iDb;
        cntTab++;
        for(j=0; j < pTab->nCol; j++, pCol++) {
          if( sqlite3StrICmp(pCol->zName, zCol)==0 ){
            cnt++;
            pExpr->iColumn = j==pTab->iPKey ? -1 : j;
            pExpr->affinity = pTab->aCol[j].affinity;
            pExpr->pColl = pTab->aCol[j].pColl;
            break;
          }
        }
      }
    }
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER) */

    /*
    ** Perhaps the name is a reference to the ROWID
    */
    if( cnt==0 && cntTab==1 && sqlite3IsRowid(zCol) ){
      cnt = 1;
      pExpr->iColumn = -1;
      pExpr->affinity = SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER;
    }

    /*
    ** If the input is of the form Z (not Y.Z or X.Y.Z) then the name Z
    ** might refer to an result-set alias.  This happens, for example, when
    ** we are resolving names in the WHERE clause of the following command:
    **
    **     SELECT a+b AS x FROM table WHERE x<10;
    **
    ** In cases like this, replace pExpr with a copy of the expression that
    ** forms the result set entry ("a+b" in the example) and return immediately.
    ** Note that the expression in the result set should have already been
    ** resolved by the time the WHERE clause is resolved.
    */
    if( cnt==0 && pEList!=0 ){
      for(j=0; j<pEList->nExpr; j++){
        char *zAs = pEList->a[j].zName;
        if( zAs!=0 && sqlite3StrICmp(zAs, zCol)==0 ){
          assert( pExpr->pLeft==0 && pExpr->pRight==0 );
          pExpr->op = TK_AS;
          pExpr->iColumn = j;
          pExpr->pLeft = sqlite3ExprDup(pEList->a[j].pExpr);
          sqliteFree(zCol);
          assert( zTab==0 && zDb==0 );
          return 0;
        }
      } 
    }

    /* Advance to the next name context.  The loop will exit when either
    ** we have a match (cnt>0) or when we run out of name contexts.
    */
    if( cnt==0 ){
      pNC = pNC->pNext;
    }
  }

  /*
  ** If X and Y are NULL (in other words if only the column name Z is
  ** supplied) and the value of Z is enclosed in double-quotes, then
  ** Z is a string literal if it doesn't match any column names.  In that
  ** case, we need to return right away and not make any changes to
................................................................................
  sqliteFree(zTab);
  sqliteFree(zCol);
  sqlite3ExprDelete(pExpr->pLeft);
  pExpr->pLeft = 0;
  sqlite3ExprDelete(pExpr->pRight);
  pExpr->pRight = 0;
  pExpr->op = TK_COLUMN;
  if( cnt==1 ){
    assert( pNC!=0 && pNC->pSrcList!=0 );
    sqlite3AuthRead(pParse, pExpr, pNC->pSrcList);
  }
  return cnt!=1;
}

/*
** pExpr is a node that defines a function of some kind.  It might
** be a syntactic function like "count(x)" or it might be a function
** that implements an operator, like "a LIKE b".  
**
** This routine makes *pzName point to the name of the function and 
** *pnName hold the number of characters in the function name.
*/
static void getFunctionName(Expr *pExpr, const char **pzName, int *pnName){
  switch( pExpr->op ){
    case TK_FUNCTION: {
      *pzName = pExpr->token.z;
      *pnName = pExpr->token.n;
      break;
    }
    case TK_LIKE: {
      *pzName = "like";
      *pnName = 4;
      break;
    }
    case TK_GLOB: {
      *pzName = "glob";
      *pnName = 4;
      break;
    }
    case TK_CTIME: {
      *pzName = "current_time";
      *pnName = 12;
      break;
    }
    case TK_CDATE: {
      *pzName = "current_date";
      *pnName = 12;
      break;
    }
    case TK_CTIMESTAMP: {
      *pzName = "current_timestamp";
      *pnName = 17;
      break;
    }
    default: {
      *pzName = "can't happen";
      *pnName = 12;
      break;
    }
  }
}

/*
** This routine is designed as an xFunc for walkExprTree().
**
** Resolve symbolic names into TK_COLUMN operands for the current
** node in the expression tree.  Return 0 to continue the search down
** the tree or 1 to abort the tree walk.
*/
static int nameResolverStep(void *pArg, Expr *pExpr){
  NameContext *pNC = (NameContext*)pArg;
  SrcList *pSrcList;
  Parse *pParse;
  int i;

  assert( pNC!=0 );
  pSrcList = pNC->pSrcList;
  pParse = pNC->pParse;
  if( pExpr==0 ) return 1;
  if( ExprHasAnyProperty(pExpr, EP_Resolved) ) return 1;
  ExprSetProperty(pExpr, EP_Resolved);
#ifndef NDEBUG
  if( pSrcList ){
    for(i=0; i<pSrcList->nSrc; i++){
      assert( pSrcList->a[i].iCursor>=0 && pSrcList->a[i].iCursor<pParse->nTab);
    }
  }
#endif
  switch( pExpr->op ){
    /* Double-quoted strings (ex: "abc") are used as identifiers if
    ** possible.  Otherwise they remain as strings.  Single-quoted
    ** strings (ex: 'abc') are always string literals.
    */
    case TK_STRING: {
      if( pExpr->token.z[0]=='\'' ) break;
      /* Fall thru into the TK_ID case if this is a double-quoted string */
    }
    /* A lone identifier is the name of a column.
    */
    case TK_ID: {
      if( pSrcList==0 ) break;
      lookupName(pParse, 0, 0, &pExpr->token, pNC, pExpr);
      return 1;
    }
  
    /* A table name and column name:     ID.ID
    ** Or a database, table and column:  ID.ID.ID
    */
    case TK_DOT: {
      Token *pColumn;
      Token *pTable;
      Token *pDb;
      Expr *pRight;

      if( pSrcList==0 ) break;
      pRight = pExpr->pRight;
      if( pRight->op==TK_ID ){
        pDb = 0;
        pTable = &pExpr->pLeft->token;
        pColumn = &pRight->token;
      }else{
        assert( pRight->op==TK_DOT );
        pDb = &pExpr->pLeft->token;
        pTable = &pRight->pLeft->token;
        pColumn = &pRight->pRight->token;
      }
      lookupName(pParse, pDb, pTable, pColumn, pNC, pExpr);
      return 1;
    }

    /* Resolve function names
    */
    case TK_CTIME:
    case TK_CTIMESTAMP:
    case TK_CDATE:
    /* Note: The above three were a seperate case in sqlmoto. Reason? */
    case TK_GLOB:
    case TK_LIKE:
    case TK_FUNCTION: {
      ExprList *pList = pExpr->pList;    /* The argument list */
      int n = pList ? pList->nExpr : 0;  /* Number of arguments */
      int no_such_func = 0;       /* True if no such function exists */
      int wrong_num_args = 0;     /* True if wrong number of arguments */
      int is_agg = 0;             /* True if is an aggregate function */
      int i;
      int nId;                    /* Number of characters in function name */
      const char *zId;            /* The function name. */
      FuncDef *pDef;
      int enc = pParse->db->enc;
      NameContext ncParam;        /* Name context for parameters */

      getFunctionName(pExpr, &zId, &nId);
      pDef = sqlite3FindFunction(pParse->db, zId, nId, n, enc, 0);
      if( pDef==0 ){
        pDef = sqlite3FindFunction(pParse->db, zId, nId, -1, enc, 0);
        if( pDef==0 ){
          no_such_func = 1;
        }else{
          wrong_num_args = 1;
        }
      }else{
        is_agg = pDef->xFunc==0;
      }
      if( is_agg && !pNC->allowAgg ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "misuse of aggregate function %.*s()", nId,zId);
        pNC->nErr++;
        is_agg = 0;
      }else if( no_such_func ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "no such function: %.*s", nId, zId);
        pNC->nErr++;
      }else if( wrong_num_args ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse,"wrong number of arguments to function %.*s()",
             nId, zId);
        pNC->nErr++;
      }
      if( is_agg ){
        pExpr->op = TK_AGG_FUNCTION;
        pNC->hasAgg = 1;
      }
      ncParam = *pNC;
      if( is_agg ) ncParam.allowAgg = 0;
      for(i=0; pNC->nErr==0 && i<n; i++){
        walkExprTree(pList->a[i].pExpr, nameResolverStep, &ncParam);
        pNC->nErr += ncParam.nErr;
        if( ncParam.hasAgg ) pNC->hasAgg = 1;
      }
      if( pNC->nErr ) return 2;
      /* FIX ME:  Compute pExpr->affinity based on the expected return
      ** type of the function 
      */
      return is_agg;
    }
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** This routine walks an expression tree and resolves references to
** table columns.  Nodes of the form ID.ID or ID resolve into an
** index to the table in the table list and a column offset.  The 
** Expr.opcode for such nodes is changed to TK_COLUMN.  The Expr.iTable
** value is changed to the index of the referenced table in pTabList
................................................................................
** plus the "base" value.  The base value will ultimately become the
** VDBE cursor number for a cursor that is pointing into the referenced
** table.  The Expr.iColumn value is changed to the index of the column 
** of the referenced table.  The Expr.iColumn value for the special
** ROWID column is -1.  Any INTEGER PRIMARY KEY column is tried as an
** alias for ROWID.
**
** Also resolve function names and check the functions for proper
** usage.  Make sure all function names are recognized and all functions
** have the correct number of arguments.  Leave an error message
** in pParse->zErrMsg if anything is amiss.  Return the number of errors.
**
** if pIsAgg is not null and this expression is an aggregate function
** (like count(*) or max(value)) then write a 1 into *pIsAgg.
*/
int sqlite3ExprResolveNames(
  Parse *pParse,     /* The parser context */
  SrcList *pSrcList, /* List of tables used to resolve column names */
  ExprList *pEList,  /* List of expressions used to resolve "AS" */
  Expr *pExpr,       /* The expression to be analyzed. */
  int allowAgg,      /* True to allow aggregate expressions */
  int *pIsAgg,       /* Set to TRUE if aggregates are found */
  int codeSubquery   /* If true, then generate code for subqueries too */
){
  NameContext sNC;

  memset(&sNC, 0, sizeof(sNC));
  sNC.pSrcList = pSrcList;
  sNC.pParse = pParse;
  sNC.pEList = pEList;
  sNC.allowAgg = allowAgg;
  walkExprTree(pExpr, nameResolverStep, &sNC);
  if( pIsAgg && sNC.hasAgg ) *pIsAgg = 1;
  if( sNC.nErr==0 && codeSubquery ){
    sNC.nErr += sqlite3ExprCodeSubquery(pParse, pExpr);
  }
  return sNC.nErr + pParse->nErr;
}


/*
** Generate code for subqueries and IN operators.
**
** IN comes in two forms:
**
**           expr IN (exprlist)
** and
**           expr IN (SELECT ...)
**
** The first form is handled by creating a set holding the list
** of allowed values.  The second form causes the SELECT to generate 
** a temporary table.
**
** This routine also looks for scalar SELECTs that are part of an expression.
** If it finds any, it generates code to write the value of that select
** into a memory cell.



*/

static int codeSubqueryStep(void *pArg, Expr *pExpr){
  Parse *pParse = (Parse*)pArg;










  switch( pExpr->op ){











































    case TK_IN: {
      char affinity;
      Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
      KeyInfo keyInfo;
      int addr;        /* Address of OP_OpenTemp instruction */

      if( v==0 ) return 2;



      affinity = sqlite3ExprAffinity(pExpr->pLeft);

      /* Whether this is an 'x IN(SELECT...)' or an 'x IN(<exprlist>)'
      ** expression it is handled the same way. A temporary table is 
      ** filled with single-field index keys representing the results
      ** from the SELECT or the <exprlist>.
      **
................................................................................
        for(i=0; i<pExpr->pList->nExpr; i++){
          Expr *pE2 = pExpr->pList->a[i].pExpr;

          /* Check that the expression is constant and valid. */
          if( !sqlite3ExprIsConstant(pE2) ){
            sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse,
              "right-hand side of IN operator must be constant");
            return 2;
          }
          if( sqlite3ExprResolveNames(pParse, 0, 0, pE2, 0, 0, 0) ){
            return 2;
          }

          /* Evaluate the expression and insert it into the temp table */
          sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pE2);
          sqlite3VdbeOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, 1, 0, &affinity, 1);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_String8, 0, 0);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_PutStrKey, pExpr->iTable, 0);
        }
      }
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP3(v, addr, (void *)&keyInfo, P3_KEYINFO);
      return 1;

    }

    case TK_SELECT: {
      /* This has to be a scalar SELECT.  Generate code to put the
      ** value of this select in a memory cell and record the number
      ** of the memory cell in iColumn.
      */
      pExpr->iColumn = pParse->nMem++;
      sqlite3Select(pParse, pExpr->pSelect, SRT_Mem,pExpr->iColumn,0,0,0,0);
      return 1;
























    }
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** Generate code to evaluate subqueries and IN operators.





*/

















































int sqlite3ExprCodeSubquery(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr){





























































































  walkExprTree(pExpr, codeSubqueryStep, pParse);
  return 0;


}

/*
** Generate an instruction that will put the integer describe by
** text z[0..n-1] on the stack.
*/
static void codeInteger(Vdbe *v, const char *z, int n){
................................................................................
    pParse->aAgg = aAgg;
  }
  memset(&pParse->aAgg[pParse->nAgg], 0, sizeof(pParse->aAgg[0]));
  return pParse->nAgg++;
}

/*
** This is an xFunc for walkExprTree() used to implement 
** sqlite3ExprAnalyzeAggregates().  See sqlite3ExprAnalyzeAggregates
** for additional information.
**
** This routine analyzes the aggregate function at pExpr.




*/

static int analyzeAggregate(void *pArg, Expr *pExpr){
  int i;
  AggExpr *aAgg;

  Parse *pParse = (Parse*)pArg;


  switch( pExpr->op ){
    case TK_COLUMN: {
      aAgg = pParse->aAgg;
      for(i=0; i<pParse->nAgg; i++){
        if( aAgg[i].isAgg ) continue;
        if( aAgg[i].pExpr->iTable==pExpr->iTable
         && aAgg[i].pExpr->iColumn==pExpr->iColumn ){
................................................................................
      if( i>=pParse->nAgg ){
        i = appendAggInfo(pParse);
        if( i<0 ) return 1;
        pParse->aAgg[i].isAgg = 0;
        pParse->aAgg[i].pExpr = pExpr;
      }
      pExpr->iAgg = i;
      return 1;
    }
    case TK_AGG_FUNCTION: {
      aAgg = pParse->aAgg;
      for(i=0; i<pParse->nAgg; i++){
        if( !aAgg[i].isAgg ) continue;
        if( sqlite3ExprCompare(aAgg[i].pExpr, pExpr) ){
          break;
................................................................................
        pParse->aAgg[i].isAgg = 1;
        pParse->aAgg[i].pExpr = pExpr;
        pParse->aAgg[i].pFunc = sqlite3FindFunction(pParse->db,
             pExpr->token.z, pExpr->token.n,
             pExpr->pList ? pExpr->pList->nExpr : 0, enc, 0);
      }
      pExpr->iAgg = i;
      return 1;
    }



  }


  return 0;
}










/*
** Analyze the given expression looking for aggregate functions and
** for variables that need to be added to the pParse->aAgg[] array.
** Make additional entries to the pParse->aAgg[] array as necessary.
**
** This routine should only be called after the expression has been
** analyzed by sqlite3ExprResolveNames().
**
** If errors are seen, leave an error message in zErrMsg and return
** the number of errors.
*/
int sqlite3ExprAnalyzeAggregates(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr){
  int nErr = pParse->nErr;
  walkExprTree(pExpr, analyzeAggregate, pParse);
  return pParse->nErr - nErr;
}

/*
** Locate a user function given a name, a number of arguments and a flag
** indicating whether the function prefers UTF-16 over UTF-8.  Return a
** pointer to the FuncDef structure that defines that function, or return
** NULL if the function does not exist.

Changes to src/insert.c.

8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
...
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains C code routines that are called by the parser
** to handle INSERT statements in SQLite.
**
** $Id: insert.c,v 1.130 2005/01/14 01:22:01 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"

/*
** Set P3 of the most recently inserted opcode to a column affinity
** string for index pIdx. A column affinity string has one character
** for each column in the table, according to the affinity of the column:
................................................................................
    assert( pList!=0 );
    srcTab = -1;
    useTempTable = 0;
    assert( pList );
    nColumn = pList->nExpr;
    dummy.nSrc = 0;
    for(i=0; i<nColumn; i++){
      if( sqlite3ExprResolveAndCheck(pParse,&dummy,0,pList->a[i].pExpr,0,0) ){
        goto insert_cleanup;
      }
    }
  }

  /* Make sure the number of columns in the source data matches the number
  ** of columns to be inserted into the table.







|







 







|







8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
...
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains C code routines that are called by the parser
** to handle INSERT statements in SQLite.
**
** $Id: insert.c,v 1.131 2005/01/17 22:08:19 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"

/*
** Set P3 of the most recently inserted opcode to a column affinity
** string for index pIdx. A column affinity string has one character
** for each column in the table, according to the affinity of the column:
................................................................................
    assert( pList!=0 );
    srcTab = -1;
    useTempTable = 0;
    assert( pList );
    nColumn = pList->nExpr;
    dummy.nSrc = 0;
    for(i=0; i<nColumn; i++){
      if( sqlite3ExprResolveNames(pParse,&dummy,0,pList->a[i].pExpr,0,0,1) ){
        goto insert_cleanup;
      }
    }
  }

  /* Make sure the number of columns in the source data matches the number
  ** of columns to be inserted into the table.

Changes to src/select.c.

8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
....
2182
2183
2184
2185
2186
2187
2188
2189
2190
2191
2192
2193
2194
2195
2196
....
2351
2352
2353
2354
2355
2356
2357
2358
2359
2360
2361
2362
2363
2364
2365
2366
2367
2368
2369
2370
2371
2372
2373
2374
2375
2376
2377
2378
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains C code routines that are called by the parser
** to handle SELECT statements in SQLite.
**
** $Id: select.c,v 1.222 2005/01/17 08:57:09 danielk1977 Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"


/*
** Allocate a new Select structure and return a pointer to that
** structure.
................................................................................
  for(i=0; i<pOrderBy->nExpr; i++){
    int iCol;
    Expr *pE = pOrderBy->a[i].pExpr;
    if( sqlite3ExprIsInteger(pE, &iCol) && iCol>0 && iCol<=pEList->nExpr ){
      sqlite3ExprDelete(pE);
      pE = pOrderBy->a[i].pExpr = sqlite3ExprDup(pEList->a[iCol-1].pExpr);
    }
    if( sqlite3ExprResolveAndCheck(pParse, pTabList, pEList, pE, isAgg, 0) ){
      return 1;
    }
    if( sqlite3ExprIsConstant(pE) ){
      if( sqlite3ExprIsInteger(pE, &iCol)==0 ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse,
          "%s BY terms must not be non-integer constants", zType);
        return 1;
................................................................................

  /* At this point, we should have allocated all the cursors that we
  ** need to handle subquerys and temporary tables.  
  **
  ** Resolve the column names and do a semantics check on all the expressions.
  */
  for(i=0; i<pEList->nExpr; i++){
    if( sqlite3ExprResolveAndCheck(pParse, pTabList, 0, pEList->a[i].pExpr,
                                    1, &isAgg) ){
      goto select_end;
    }
  }
  if( sqlite3ExprResolveAndCheck(pParse, pTabList, pEList, pWhere, 0, 0) ){
    goto select_end;
  }
  if( pHaving ){
    if( pGroupBy==0 ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "a GROUP BY clause is required before HAVING");
      goto select_end;
    }
    if( sqlite3ExprResolveAndCheck(pParse, pTabList, pEList,pHaving,1,&isAgg) ){
      goto select_end;
    }
  }
  if( pGroupBy && !isAgg ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "GROUP BY may only be used on aggregate queries");
    goto select_end;
  }







|







 







|







 







|
|



|







|







8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
....
2182
2183
2184
2185
2186
2187
2188
2189
2190
2191
2192
2193
2194
2195
2196
....
2351
2352
2353
2354
2355
2356
2357
2358
2359
2360
2361
2362
2363
2364
2365
2366
2367
2368
2369
2370
2371
2372
2373
2374
2375
2376
2377
2378
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains C code routines that are called by the parser
** to handle SELECT statements in SQLite.
**
** $Id: select.c,v 1.223 2005/01/17 22:08:19 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"


/*
** Allocate a new Select structure and return a pointer to that
** structure.
................................................................................
  for(i=0; i<pOrderBy->nExpr; i++){
    int iCol;
    Expr *pE = pOrderBy->a[i].pExpr;
    if( sqlite3ExprIsInteger(pE, &iCol) && iCol>0 && iCol<=pEList->nExpr ){
      sqlite3ExprDelete(pE);
      pE = pOrderBy->a[i].pExpr = sqlite3ExprDup(pEList->a[iCol-1].pExpr);
    }
    if( sqlite3ExprResolveNames(pParse, pTabList, pEList, pE, isAgg, 0, 1) ){
      return 1;
    }
    if( sqlite3ExprIsConstant(pE) ){
      if( sqlite3ExprIsInteger(pE, &iCol)==0 ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse,
          "%s BY terms must not be non-integer constants", zType);
        return 1;
................................................................................

  /* At this point, we should have allocated all the cursors that we
  ** need to handle subquerys and temporary tables.  
  **
  ** Resolve the column names and do a semantics check on all the expressions.
  */
  for(i=0; i<pEList->nExpr; i++){
    if( sqlite3ExprResolveNames(pParse, pTabList, 0, pEList->a[i].pExpr,
                                    1, &isAgg, 1) ){
      goto select_end;
    }
  }
  if( sqlite3ExprResolveNames(pParse, pTabList, pEList, pWhere, 0, 0, 1) ){
    goto select_end;
  }
  if( pHaving ){
    if( pGroupBy==0 ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "a GROUP BY clause is required before HAVING");
      goto select_end;
    }
    if( sqlite3ExprResolveNames(pParse, pTabList, pEList,pHaving,1,&isAgg,1) ){
      goto select_end;
    }
  }
  if( pGroupBy && !isAgg ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "GROUP BY may only be used on aggregate queries");
    goto select_end;
  }

Changes to src/sqliteInt.h.

7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
...
312
313
314
315
316
317
318

319
320
321
322
323
324
325
...
810
811
812
813
814
815
816


817
818
819
820
821
822
823
...
969
970
971
972
973
974
975


976
977
978
979
980
981
982
....
1246
1247
1248
1249
1250
1251
1252
































1253
1254
1255
1256
1257
1258
1259
....
1382
1383
1384
1385
1386
1387
1388
1389
1390
1391
1392
1393
1394
1395
1396
1397
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** Internal interface definitions for SQLite.
**
** @(#) $Id: sqliteInt.h,v 1.353 2005/01/13 02:14:25 danielk1977 Exp $
*/
#ifndef _SQLITEINT_H_
#define _SQLITEINT_H_

/*
** These #defines should enable >2GB file support on Posix if the
** underlying operating system supports it.  If the OS lacks
................................................................................
typedef struct FKey FKey;
typedef struct Db Db;
typedef struct AuthContext AuthContext;
typedef struct KeyClass KeyClass;
typedef struct CollSeq CollSeq;
typedef struct KeyInfo KeyInfo;
typedef struct SqlCursor SqlCursor;

typedef struct Fetch Fetch;
typedef struct CursorSubst CursorSubst;

/*
** Each database file to be accessed by the system is an instance
** of the following structure.  There are normally two of these structures
** in the sqlite.aDb[] array.  aDb[0] is the main database file and
................................................................................
                         ** right side of "<expr> IN (<select>)" */
};

/*
** The following are the meanings of bits in the Expr.flags field.
*/
#define EP_FromJoin     0x0001  /* Originated in ON or USING clause of a join */



/*
** These macros can be used to test, set, or clear bits in the 
** Expr.flags field.
*/
#define ExprHasProperty(E,P)     (((E)->flags&(P))==(P))
#define ExprHasAnyProperty(E,P)  (((E)->flags&(P))!=0)
................................................................................
** offset).  But later on, nLimit and nOffset become the memory locations
** in the VDBE that record the limit and offset counters.
*/
struct Select {
  ExprList *pEList;      /* The fields of the result */
  u8 op;                 /* One of: TK_UNION TK_ALL TK_INTERSECT TK_EXCEPT */
  u8 isDistinct;         /* True if the DISTINCT keyword is present */


  SrcList *pSrc;         /* The FROM clause */
  Expr *pWhere;          /* The WHERE clause */
  ExprList *pGroupBy;    /* The GROUP BY clause */
  Expr *pHaving;         /* The HAVING clause */
  ExprList *pOrderBy;    /* The ORDER BY clause */
  Select *pPrior;        /* Prior select in a compound select statement */
  int nLimit, nOffset;   /* LIMIT and OFFSET values.  -1 means not used */
................................................................................
** from sqlite3Init and OP_ParseSchema into the sqlite3InitCallback.
*/
typedef struct {
  sqlite3 *db;        /* The database being initialized */
  char **pzErrMsg;    /* Error message stored here */
} InitData;

































/*
** Each SQL cursor (a cursor created by the DECLARE ... CURSOR syntax)
** is represented by an instance of the following structure.
*/
struct SqlCursor {
  char *zName;           /* Name of this cursor */
  int idx;               /* Index of this cursor in db->apSqlCursor[] */
................................................................................
void sqlite3UnlinkAndDeleteIndex(sqlite3*,int,const char*);
void sqlite3Vacuum(Parse*, Token*);
int sqlite3RunVacuum(char**, sqlite3*);
char *sqlite3NameFromToken(Token*);
int sqlite3ExprCheck(Parse*, Expr*, int, int*);
int sqlite3ExprCompare(Expr*, Expr*);
int sqliteFuncId(Token*);
int sqlite3ExprResolveIds(Parse*, SrcList*, ExprList*, Expr*);
int sqlite3ExprResolveAndCheck(Parse*,SrcList*,ExprList*,Expr*,int,int*);
int sqlite3ExprAnalyzeAggregates(Parse*, Expr*);
Vdbe *sqlite3GetVdbe(Parse*);
void sqlite3Randomness(int, void*);
void sqlite3RollbackAll(sqlite3*);
void sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(Parse*, int);
void sqlite3BeginTransaction(Parse*, int);
void sqlite3CommitTransaction(Parse*);







|







 







>







 







>
>







 







>
>







 







>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>







 







|
|







7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
...
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
...
811
812
813
814
815
816
817
818
819
820
821
822
823
824
825
826
...
972
973
974
975
976
977
978
979
980
981
982
983
984
985
986
987
....
1251
1252
1253
1254
1255
1256
1257
1258
1259
1260
1261
1262
1263
1264
1265
1266
1267
1268
1269
1270
1271
1272
1273
1274
1275
1276
1277
1278
1279
1280
1281
1282
1283
1284
1285
1286
1287
1288
1289
1290
1291
1292
1293
1294
1295
1296
....
1419
1420
1421
1422
1423
1424
1425
1426
1427
1428
1429
1430
1431
1432
1433
1434
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** Internal interface definitions for SQLite.
**
** @(#) $Id: sqliteInt.h,v 1.354 2005/01/17 22:08:19 drh Exp $
*/
#ifndef _SQLITEINT_H_
#define _SQLITEINT_H_

/*
** These #defines should enable >2GB file support on Posix if the
** underlying operating system supports it.  If the OS lacks
................................................................................
typedef struct FKey FKey;
typedef struct Db Db;
typedef struct AuthContext AuthContext;
typedef struct KeyClass KeyClass;
typedef struct CollSeq CollSeq;
typedef struct KeyInfo KeyInfo;
typedef struct SqlCursor SqlCursor;
typedef struct NameContext NameContext;
typedef struct Fetch Fetch;
typedef struct CursorSubst CursorSubst;

/*
** Each database file to be accessed by the system is an instance
** of the following structure.  There are normally two of these structures
** in the sqlite.aDb[] array.  aDb[0] is the main database file and
................................................................................
                         ** right side of "<expr> IN (<select>)" */
};

/*
** The following are the meanings of bits in the Expr.flags field.
*/
#define EP_FromJoin     0x0001  /* Originated in ON or USING clause of a join */
#define EP_Agg          0x0002  /* Contains one or more aggregate functions */
#define EP_Resolved     0x0004  /* IDs have been resolved to COLUMNs */

/*
** These macros can be used to test, set, or clear bits in the 
** Expr.flags field.
*/
#define ExprHasProperty(E,P)     (((E)->flags&(P))==(P))
#define ExprHasAnyProperty(E,P)  (((E)->flags&(P))!=0)
................................................................................
** offset).  But later on, nLimit and nOffset become the memory locations
** in the VDBE that record the limit and offset counters.
*/
struct Select {
  ExprList *pEList;      /* The fields of the result */
  u8 op;                 /* One of: TK_UNION TK_ALL TK_INTERSECT TK_EXCEPT */
  u8 isDistinct;         /* True if the DISTINCT keyword is present */
  u8 isAgg;              /* True if uses aggregate functions */
  u8 namesResolved;      /* True if processed by sqlite3ExprResolve() */
  SrcList *pSrc;         /* The FROM clause */
  Expr *pWhere;          /* The WHERE clause */
  ExprList *pGroupBy;    /* The GROUP BY clause */
  Expr *pHaving;         /* The HAVING clause */
  ExprList *pOrderBy;    /* The ORDER BY clause */
  Select *pPrior;        /* Prior select in a compound select statement */
  int nLimit, nOffset;   /* LIMIT and OFFSET values.  -1 means not used */
................................................................................
** from sqlite3Init and OP_ParseSchema into the sqlite3InitCallback.
*/
typedef struct {
  sqlite3 *db;        /* The database being initialized */
  char **pzErrMsg;    /* Error message stored here */
} InitData;

/*
** A NameContext defines a context in which to resolve table and column
** names.  The context consists of a list of tables (the pSrcList) field and
** a list of named expression (pEList).  The named expression list may
** be NULL.  The pSrc corresponds to the FROM clause of a SELECT or
** to the table being operated on by INSERT, UPDATE, or DELETE.  The
** pEList corresponds to the result set of a SELECT and is NULL for
** other statements.
**
** NameContexts can be nested.  When resolving names, the inner-most 
** context is searched first.  If no match is found, the next outer
** context is checked.  If there is still no match, the next context
** is checked.  This process continues until either a match is found
** or all contexts are check.  When a match is found, the nRef member of
** the context containing the match is incremented. 
**
** Each subquery gets a new NameContext.  The pNext field points to the
** NameContext in the parent query.  Thus the process of scanning the
** NameContext list corresponds to searching through successively outer
** subqueries looking for a match.
*/
struct NameContext {
  Parse *pParse;       /* The parser */
  SrcList *pSrcList;   /* One or more tables used to resolve names */
  ExprList *pEList;    /* Optional list of named expressions */
  int nRef;            /* Number of names resolved by this context */
  int nErr;            /* Number of errors encountered while resolving names */
  u8 allowAgg;         /* Aggregate functions allowed here */
  u8 hasAgg;           /* Expression actually contains aggregate functions */
  NameContext *pNext;  /* Next outer name context.  NULL for outermost */
};

/*
** Each SQL cursor (a cursor created by the DECLARE ... CURSOR syntax)
** is represented by an instance of the following structure.
*/
struct SqlCursor {
  char *zName;           /* Name of this cursor */
  int idx;               /* Index of this cursor in db->apSqlCursor[] */
................................................................................
void sqlite3UnlinkAndDeleteIndex(sqlite3*,int,const char*);
void sqlite3Vacuum(Parse*, Token*);
int sqlite3RunVacuum(char**, sqlite3*);
char *sqlite3NameFromToken(Token*);
int sqlite3ExprCheck(Parse*, Expr*, int, int*);
int sqlite3ExprCompare(Expr*, Expr*);
int sqliteFuncId(Token*);
int sqlite3ExprResolveNames(Parse*, SrcList*, ExprList*, Expr*, int, int*, int);
int sqlite3ExprCodeSubquery(Parse*, Expr*);
int sqlite3ExprAnalyzeAggregates(Parse*, Expr*);
Vdbe *sqlite3GetVdbe(Parse*);
void sqlite3Randomness(int, void*);
void sqlite3RollbackAll(sqlite3*);
void sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(Parse*, int);
void sqlite3BeginTransaction(Parse*, int);
void sqlite3CommitTransaction(Parse*);

Changes to src/trigger.c.

762
763
764
765
766
767
768
769
770
771
772
773
774
775
776
      trigStackEntry.ignoreJump = ignoreJump;
      pParse->trigStack = &trigStackEntry;
      sqlite3AuthContextPush(pParse, &sContext, pTrigger->name);

      /* code the WHEN clause */
      endTrigger = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(pParse->pVdbe);
      whenExpr = sqlite3ExprDup(pTrigger->pWhen);
      if( sqlite3ExprResolveIds(pParse, &dummyTablist, 0, whenExpr) ){
        pParse->trigStack = trigStackEntry.pNext;
        sqlite3ExprDelete(whenExpr);
        return 1;
      }
      sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, whenExpr, endTrigger, 1);
      sqlite3ExprDelete(whenExpr);








|







762
763
764
765
766
767
768
769
770
771
772
773
774
775
776
      trigStackEntry.ignoreJump = ignoreJump;
      pParse->trigStack = &trigStackEntry;
      sqlite3AuthContextPush(pParse, &sContext, pTrigger->name);

      /* code the WHEN clause */
      endTrigger = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(pParse->pVdbe);
      whenExpr = sqlite3ExprDup(pTrigger->pWhen);
      if( sqlite3ExprResolveNames(pParse, &dummyTablist, 0, whenExpr, 0, 0, 1)){
        pParse->trigStack = trigStackEntry.pNext;
        sqlite3ExprDelete(whenExpr);
        return 1;
      }
      sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, whenExpr, endTrigger, 1);
      sqlite3ExprDelete(whenExpr);

Changes to src/update.c.

8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
...
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
...
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains C code routines that are called by the parser
** to handle UPDATE statements.
**
** $Id: update.c,v 1.100 2004/12/25 01:03:14 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"

/*
** Process an UPDATE statement.
**
**   UPDATE OR IGNORE table_wxyz SET a=b, c=d WHERE e<5 AND f NOT NULL;
................................................................................
  ** of the UPDATE statement.  Also find the column index
  ** for each column to be updated in the pChanges array.  For each
  ** column to be updated, make sure we have authorization to change
  ** that column.
  */
  chngRecno = 0;
  for(i=0; i<pChanges->nExpr; i++){
    if( sqlite3ExprResolveAndCheck(pParse, pTabList, 0,
             pChanges->a[i].pExpr, 0, 0) ){
      goto update_cleanup;
    }
    for(j=0; j<pTab->nCol; j++){
      if( sqlite3StrICmp(pTab->aCol[j].zName, pChanges->a[i].zName)==0 ){
        if( j==pTab->iPKey ){
          chngRecno = 1;
          pRecnoExpr = pChanges->a[i].pExpr;
................................................................................
      aIdxUsed[j] = 0;
    }
  }

  /* Resolve the column names in all the expressions in the
  ** WHERE clause.
  */
  if( sqlite3ExprResolveAndCheck(pParse, pTabList, 0, pWhere, 0, 0) ){
    goto update_cleanup;
  }

  /* Start the view context
  */
  if( isView ){
    sqlite3AuthContextPush(pParse, &sContext, pTab->zName);







|







 







|
|







 







|







8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
...
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**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains C code routines that are called by the parser
** to handle UPDATE statements.
**
** $Id: update.c,v 1.101 2005/01/17 22:08:19 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"

/*
** Process an UPDATE statement.
**
**   UPDATE OR IGNORE table_wxyz SET a=b, c=d WHERE e<5 AND f NOT NULL;
................................................................................
  ** of the UPDATE statement.  Also find the column index
  ** for each column to be updated in the pChanges array.  For each
  ** column to be updated, make sure we have authorization to change
  ** that column.
  */
  chngRecno = 0;
  for(i=0; i<pChanges->nExpr; i++){
    if( sqlite3ExprResolveNames(pParse, pTabList, 0,
          pChanges->a[i].pExpr, 0, 0, 1) ){
      goto update_cleanup;
    }
    for(j=0; j<pTab->nCol; j++){
      if( sqlite3StrICmp(pTab->aCol[j].zName, pChanges->a[i].zName)==0 ){
        if( j==pTab->iPKey ){
          chngRecno = 1;
          pRecnoExpr = pChanges->a[i].pExpr;
................................................................................
      aIdxUsed[j] = 0;
    }
  }

  /* Resolve the column names in all the expressions in the
  ** WHERE clause.
  */
  if( sqlite3ExprResolveNames(pParse, pTabList, 0, pWhere, 0, 0, 1) ){
    goto update_cleanup;
  }

  /* Start the view context
  */
  if( isView ){
    sqlite3AuthContextPush(pParse, &sContext, pTab->zName);

Changes to src/where.c.

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** This module contains C code that generates VDBE code used to process
** the WHERE clause of SQL statements.  This module is reponsible for
** generating the code that loops through a table looking for applicable
** rows.  Indices are selected and used to speed the search when doing
** so is applicable.  Because this module is responsible for selecting
** indices, you might also think of this module as the "query optimizer".
**
** $Id: where.c,v 1.128 2005/01/11 18:13:56 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"

/*
** The query generator uses an array of instances of this structure to
** help it analyze the subexpressions of the WHERE clause.  Each WHERE
** clause subexpression is separated from the others by an AND operator.
................................................................................

/*
** This routine walks (recursively) an expression tree and generates
** a bitmask indicating which tables are used in that expression
** tree.
**
** In order for this routine to work, the calling function must have
** previously invoked sqlite3ExprResolveIds() on the expression.  See
** the header comment on that routine for additional information.
** The sqlite3ExprResolveIds() routines looks for column names and
** sets their opcodes to TK_COLUMN and their Expr.iTable fields to
** the VDBE cursor number of the table.
*/
static Bitmask exprTableUsage(ExprMaskSet *pMaskSet, Expr *p){
  Bitmask mask = 0;
  if( p==0 ) return 0;
  if( p->op==TK_COLUMN ){







|







 







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** This module contains C code that generates VDBE code used to process
** the WHERE clause of SQL statements.  This module is reponsible for
** generating the code that loops through a table looking for applicable
** rows.  Indices are selected and used to speed the search when doing
** so is applicable.  Because this module is responsible for selecting
** indices, you might also think of this module as the "query optimizer".
**
** $Id: where.c,v 1.129 2005/01/17 22:08:19 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"

/*
** The query generator uses an array of instances of this structure to
** help it analyze the subexpressions of the WHERE clause.  Each WHERE
** clause subexpression is separated from the others by an AND operator.
................................................................................

/*
** This routine walks (recursively) an expression tree and generates
** a bitmask indicating which tables are used in that expression
** tree.
**
** In order for this routine to work, the calling function must have
** previously invoked sqlite3ExprResolveNames() on the expression.  See
** the header comment on that routine for additional information.
** The sqlite3ExprResolveNames() routines looks for column names and
** sets their opcodes to TK_COLUMN and their Expr.iTable fields to
** the VDBE cursor number of the table.
*/
static Bitmask exprTableUsage(ExprMaskSet *pMaskSet, Expr *p){
  Bitmask mask = 0;
  if( p==0 ) return 0;
  if( p->op==TK_COLUMN ){