/ Check-in [07462bb6]
Login

Many hyperlinks are disabled.
Use anonymous login to enable hyperlinks.

Overview
Comment:Improved estimates of the relative speed of index scans based on declared datatypes of columns in the table. Add "r" column to PRAGMA index_info, showing the estimated relative scan rate.
Downloads: Tarball | ZIP archive | SQL archive
Timelines: family | ancestors | descendants | both | index-scan-rate
Files: files | file ages | folders
SHA1: 07462bb6059f023c22a6c84a4a02afbd84e69255
User & Date: drh 2013-10-04 15:30:21
Context
2013-10-04
15:58
Fix test cases so that they work when the query planner uses index size estimates to determine whether or not to try an covering index scan. check-in: 2f394de8 user: drh tags: index-scan-rate
15:30
Improved estimates of the relative speed of index scans based on declared datatypes of columns in the table. Add "r" column to PRAGMA index_info, showing the estimated relative scan rate. check-in: 07462bb6 user: drh tags: index-scan-rate
02:36
Progress toward using the iScanRatio information on indices. Many tests are still failing. check-in: 6c352edb user: drh tags: index-scan-rate
Changes
Hide Diffs Unified Diffs Ignore Whitespace Patch

Changes to src/build.c.

1022
1023
1024
1025
1026
1027
1028

1029
1030
1031
1032
1033
1034
1035
....
1063
1064
1065
1066
1067
1068
1069
1070
1071
1072

1073

1074
1075
1076
1077
1078

1079
1080
1081
1082
1083
1084
1085
....
1095
1096
1097
1098
1099
1100
1101












1102






1103
1104
1105
1106
1107
1108
1109
....
1117
1118
1119
1120
1121
1122
1123
1124
1125
1126
1127
1128
1129
1130
1131
....
1465
1466
1467
1468
1469
1470
1471
1472
1473
1474
1475
1476
1477
1478
1479

































1480
1481
1482
1483
1484
1485
1486
....
1500
1501
1502
1503
1504
1505
1506
1507
1508
1509


1510
1511
1512
1513
1514
1515
1516
....
1521
1522
1523
1524
1525
1526
1527






1528
1529
1530
1531
1532
1533
1534
....
2438
2439
2440
2441
2442
2443
2444
2445
2446
2447
2448
2449
2450
2451
2452
2453
2454
2455
2456
2457
2458
2459
2460
....
2489
2490
2491
2492
2493
2494
2495
2496
2497
2498
2499
2500
2501
2502
2503
2504
....
2734
2735
2736
2737
2738
2739
2740
2741
2742
2743
2744
2745
2746
2747
2748
....
2758
2759
2760
2761
2762
2763
2764
2765
2766
2767
2768
2769
2770
2771
2772
2773
2774
2775
2776
  pCol->zName = z;
 
  /* If there is no type specified, columns have the default affinity
  ** 'NONE'. If there is a type specified, then sqlite3AddColumnType() will
  ** be called next to set pCol->affinity correctly.
  */
  pCol->affinity = SQLITE_AFF_NONE;

  p->nCol++;
}

/*
** This routine is called by the parser while in the middle of
** parsing a CREATE TABLE statement.  A "NOT NULL" constraint has
** been seen on a column.  This routine sets the notNull flag on
................................................................................
** 'REAL'        | SQLITE_AFF_REAL
** 'FLOA'        | SQLITE_AFF_REAL
** 'DOUB'        | SQLITE_AFF_REAL
**
** If none of the substrings in the above table are found,
** SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC is returned.
*/
char sqlite3AffinityType(const char *zIn){
  u32 h = 0;
  char aff = SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC;



  if( zIn ) while( zIn[0] ){
    h = (h<<8) + sqlite3UpperToLower[(*zIn)&0xff];
    zIn++;
    if( h==(('c'<<24)+('h'<<16)+('a'<<8)+'r') ){             /* CHAR */
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_TEXT; 

    }else if( h==(('c'<<24)+('l'<<16)+('o'<<8)+'b') ){       /* CLOB */
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_TEXT;
    }else if( h==(('t'<<24)+('e'<<16)+('x'<<8)+'t') ){       /* TEXT */
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_TEXT;
    }else if( h==(('b'<<24)+('l'<<16)+('o'<<8)+'b')          /* BLOB */
        && (aff==SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC || aff==SQLITE_AFF_REAL) ){
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_NONE;
................................................................................
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_REAL;
#endif
    }else if( (h&0x00FFFFFF)==(('i'<<16)+('n'<<8)+'t') ){    /* INT */
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER;
      break;
    }
  }



















  return aff;
}

/*
** This routine is called by the parser while in the middle of
** parsing a CREATE TABLE statement.  The pFirst token is the first
** token in the sequence of tokens that describe the type of the
................................................................................
  Column *pCol;

  p = pParse->pNewTable;
  if( p==0 || NEVER(p->nCol<1) ) return;
  pCol = &p->aCol[p->nCol-1];
  assert( pCol->zType==0 );
  pCol->zType = sqlite3NameFromToken(pParse->db, pType);
  pCol->affinity = sqlite3AffinityType(pCol->zType);
}

/*
** The expression is the default value for the most recently added column
** of the table currently under construction.
**
** Default value expressions must be constant.  Raise an exception if this
................................................................................
    testcase( pCol->affinity==SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC );
    testcase( pCol->affinity==SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER );
    testcase( pCol->affinity==SQLITE_AFF_REAL );
    
    zType = azType[pCol->affinity - SQLITE_AFF_TEXT];
    len = sqlite3Strlen30(zType);
    assert( pCol->affinity==SQLITE_AFF_NONE 
            || pCol->affinity==sqlite3AffinityType(zType) );
    memcpy(&zStmt[k], zType, len);
    k += len;
    assert( k<=n );
  }
  sqlite3_snprintf(n-k, &zStmt[k], "%s", zEnd);
  return zStmt;
}


































/*
** This routine is called to report the final ")" that terminates
** a CREATE TABLE statement.
**
** The table structure that other action routines have been building
** is added to the internal hash tables, assuming no errors have
................................................................................
*/
void sqlite3EndTable(
  Parse *pParse,          /* Parse context */
  Token *pCons,           /* The ',' token after the last column defn. */
  Token *pEnd,            /* The final ')' token in the CREATE TABLE */
  Select *pSelect         /* Select from a "CREATE ... AS SELECT" */
){
  Table *p;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  int iDb;



  if( (pEnd==0 && pSelect==0) || db->mallocFailed ){
    return;
  }
  p = pParse->pNewTable;
  if( p==0 ) return;

................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK
  /* Resolve names in all CHECK constraint expressions.
  */
  if( p->pCheck ){
    sqlite3ResolveSelfReference(pParse, p, NC_IsCheck, 0, p->pCheck);
  }
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK) */







  /* If the db->init.busy is 1 it means we are reading the SQL off the
  ** "sqlite_master" or "sqlite_temp_master" table on the disk.
  ** So do not write to the disk again.  Extract the root page number
  ** for the table from the db->init.newTnum field.  (The page number
  ** should have been put there by the sqliteOpenCb routine.)
  */
................................................................................
  sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr1);

  sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, iTab);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, iIdx);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, iSorter);
}

/*
** Estimate the average width of a table column based on its affinity type.
*/
static unsigned estimatedColumnWidth(const Column *p){
  if( p->affinity>=SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC ) return 1;
  if( p->affinity==SQLITE_AFF_TEXT ) return 3;
  return 2;
}

/*
** Create a new index for an SQL table.  pName1.pName2 is the name of the index 
** and pTblList is the name of the table that is to be indexed.  Both will 
** be NULL for a primary key or an index that is created to satisfy a
** UNIQUE constraint.  If pTable and pIndex are NULL, use pParse->pNewTable
** as the table to be indexed.  pParse->pNewTable is a table that is
** currently being constructed by a CREATE TABLE statement.
................................................................................
  DbFixer sFix;        /* For assigning database names to pTable */
  int sortOrderMask;   /* 1 to honor DESC in index.  0 to ignore. */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  Db *pDb;             /* The specific table containing the indexed database */
  int iDb;             /* Index of the database that is being written */
  Token *pName = 0;    /* Unqualified name of the index to create */
  struct ExprList_item *pListItem; /* For looping over pList */
  unsigned wTable = 0;             /* Approximate "width" of the table */
  unsigned wIndex = 0;             /* Approximate "width" of this index */
  const Column *pTabCol;           /* A column in the table */
  int nCol;                        /* Number of columns */
  int nExtra = 0;                  /* Space allocated for zExtra[] */
  char *zExtra;                    /* Extra space after the Index object */

  assert( pParse->nErr==0 );      /* Never called with prior errors */
  if( db->mallocFailed || IN_DECLARE_VTAB ){
................................................................................
    if( j>=pTab->nCol ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "table %s has no column named %s",
        pTab->zName, zColName);
      pParse->checkSchema = 1;
      goto exit_create_index;
    }
    pIndex->aiColumn[i] = j;
    wIndex += estimatedColumnWidth(pTabCol);
    if( pListItem->pExpr ){
      int nColl;
      assert( pListItem->pExpr->op==TK_COLLATE );
      zColl = pListItem->pExpr->u.zToken;
      nColl = sqlite3Strlen30(zColl) + 1;
      assert( nExtra>=nColl );
      memcpy(zExtra, zColl, nColl);
................................................................................
    }
    pIndex->azColl[i] = zColl;
    requestedSortOrder = pListItem->sortOrder & sortOrderMask;
    pIndex->aSortOrder[i] = (u8)requestedSortOrder;
    if( pTab->aCol[j].notNull==0 ) pIndex->uniqNotNull = 0;
  }
  sqlite3DefaultRowEst(pIndex);
  for(j=pTab->nCol, pTabCol=pTab->aCol; j>0; j--, pTabCol++){
    wTable += estimatedColumnWidth(pTabCol);
  }
  assert( 100*wIndex/wTable <= 255 );
  pIndex->iScanRatio = (u8)(128*wIndex/wTable);

  if( pTab==pParse->pNewTable ){
    /* This routine has been called to create an automatic index as a
    ** result of a PRIMARY KEY or UNIQUE clause on a column definition, or
    ** a PRIMARY KEY or UNIQUE clause following the column definitions.
    ** i.e. one of:
    **







>







 







|


>

>
|



|
>







 







>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
|
>
>
>
>
>
>







 







|







 







|







>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>







 







|
|
|
>
>







 







>
>
>
>
>
>







 







<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<







 







<
<







 







<







 







|
|

<
<







1022
1023
1024
1025
1026
1027
1028
1029
1030
1031
1032
1033
1034
1035
1036
....
1064
1065
1066
1067
1068
1069
1070
1071
1072
1073
1074
1075
1076
1077
1078
1079
1080
1081
1082
1083
1084
1085
1086
1087
1088
1089
....
1099
1100
1101
1102
1103
1104
1105
1106
1107
1108
1109
1110
1111
1112
1113
1114
1115
1116
1117
1118
1119
1120
1121
1122
1123
1124
1125
1126
1127
1128
1129
1130
1131
....
1139
1140
1141
1142
1143
1144
1145
1146
1147
1148
1149
1150
1151
1152
1153
....
1487
1488
1489
1490
1491
1492
1493
1494
1495
1496
1497
1498
1499
1500
1501
1502
1503
1504
1505
1506
1507
1508
1509
1510
1511
1512
1513
1514
1515
1516
1517
1518
1519
1520
1521
1522
1523
1524
1525
1526
1527
1528
1529
1530
1531
1532
1533
1534
1535
1536
1537
1538
1539
1540
1541
....
1555
1556
1557
1558
1559
1560
1561
1562
1563
1564
1565
1566
1567
1568
1569
1570
1571
1572
1573
....
1578
1579
1580
1581
1582
1583
1584
1585
1586
1587
1588
1589
1590
1591
1592
1593
1594
1595
1596
1597
....
2501
2502
2503
2504
2505
2506
2507









2508
2509
2510
2511
2512
2513
2514
....
2543
2544
2545
2546
2547
2548
2549


2550
2551
2552
2553
2554
2555
2556
....
2786
2787
2788
2789
2790
2791
2792

2793
2794
2795
2796
2797
2798
2799
....
2809
2810
2811
2812
2813
2814
2815
2816
2817
2818


2819
2820
2821
2822
2823
2824
2825
  pCol->zName = z;
 
  /* If there is no type specified, columns have the default affinity
  ** 'NONE'. If there is a type specified, then sqlite3AddColumnType() will
  ** be called next to set pCol->affinity correctly.
  */
  pCol->affinity = SQLITE_AFF_NONE;
  pCol->szEst = 1;
  p->nCol++;
}

/*
** This routine is called by the parser while in the middle of
** parsing a CREATE TABLE statement.  A "NOT NULL" constraint has
** been seen on a column.  This routine sets the notNull flag on
................................................................................
** 'REAL'        | SQLITE_AFF_REAL
** 'FLOA'        | SQLITE_AFF_REAL
** 'DOUB'        | SQLITE_AFF_REAL
**
** If none of the substrings in the above table are found,
** SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC is returned.
*/
char sqlite3AffinityType(const char *zIn, u8 *pszEst){
  u32 h = 0;
  char aff = SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC;
  const char *zChar;

  if( zIn==0 ) return aff;
  while( zIn[0] ){
    h = (h<<8) + sqlite3UpperToLower[(*zIn)&0xff];
    zIn++;
    if( h==(('c'<<24)+('h'<<16)+('a'<<8)+'r') ){             /* CHAR */
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_TEXT;
      zChar = zIn;
    }else if( h==(('c'<<24)+('l'<<16)+('o'<<8)+'b') ){       /* CLOB */
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_TEXT;
    }else if( h==(('t'<<24)+('e'<<16)+('x'<<8)+'t') ){       /* TEXT */
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_TEXT;
    }else if( h==(('b'<<24)+('l'<<16)+('o'<<8)+'b')          /* BLOB */
        && (aff==SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC || aff==SQLITE_AFF_REAL) ){
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_NONE;
................................................................................
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_REAL;
#endif
    }else if( (h&0x00FFFFFF)==(('i'<<16)+('n'<<8)+'t') ){    /* INT */
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER;
      break;
    }
  }
  if( pszEst ){
    if( aff>=SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC ){
      *pszEst = 1;
    }else if( zChar ){
      *pszEst = 1;
      while( zChar[0] ){
        int v;
        if( sqlite3Isdigit(zChar[0]) && sqlite3GetInt32(zChar, &v) ){
          v = v/4 + 1;
          if( v>255 ) v = 255;
          *pszEst = v;
          break;
        }
        zChar++;
      }
    }else{
      *pszEst = 3;
    }
  }
  return aff;
}

/*
** This routine is called by the parser while in the middle of
** parsing a CREATE TABLE statement.  The pFirst token is the first
** token in the sequence of tokens that describe the type of the
................................................................................
  Column *pCol;

  p = pParse->pNewTable;
  if( p==0 || NEVER(p->nCol<1) ) return;
  pCol = &p->aCol[p->nCol-1];
  assert( pCol->zType==0 );
  pCol->zType = sqlite3NameFromToken(pParse->db, pType);
  pCol->affinity = sqlite3AffinityType(pCol->zType, &pCol->szEst);
}

/*
** The expression is the default value for the most recently added column
** of the table currently under construction.
**
** Default value expressions must be constant.  Raise an exception if this
................................................................................
    testcase( pCol->affinity==SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC );
    testcase( pCol->affinity==SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER );
    testcase( pCol->affinity==SQLITE_AFF_REAL );
    
    zType = azType[pCol->affinity - SQLITE_AFF_TEXT];
    len = sqlite3Strlen30(zType);
    assert( pCol->affinity==SQLITE_AFF_NONE 
            || pCol->affinity==sqlite3AffinityType(zType, 0) );
    memcpy(&zStmt[k], zType, len);
    k += len;
    assert( k<=n );
  }
  sqlite3_snprintf(n-k, &zStmt[k], "%s", zEnd);
  return zStmt;
}

/*
** Estimate the total row width for a table.
*/
static unsigned estimatedTableWidth(const Table *pTab){
  unsigned wTable = 0;
  const Column *pTabCol;
  int i;
  for(i=pTab->nCol, pTabCol=pTab->aCol; i>0; i--, pTabCol++){
    wTable += pTabCol->szEst;
  }
  if( pTab->iPKey<0 ) wTable++;
  return wTable;
}

/*
** Set the iScanRatio for an index based on estimates of the average
** table row width and average index row width.  Estimates are derived
** from the declared datatypes of the various columns.
*/
static void setIndexScanRatio(Index *pIdx, unsigned wTable){
  unsigned wIndex = 1;
  int i;
  const Column *aCol = pIdx->pTable->aCol;
  for(i=0; i<pIdx->nColumn; i++){
    assert( pIdx->aiColumn[i]>=0 && pIdx->aiColumn[i]<pIdx->pTable->nCol );
    wIndex += aCol[pIdx->aiColumn[i]].szEst;
  }
  assert( 100*wIndex/wTable <= 255 );
  pIdx->iScanRatio = (u8)(128*wIndex/wTable);
  /* printf("%s: wIndex=%d wTable=%d ratio=%d\n",
  ** pIdx->zName, wIndex, wTable, (100*pIdx->iScanRatio)/128); */
}

/*
** This routine is called to report the final ")" that terminates
** a CREATE TABLE statement.
**
** The table structure that other action routines have been building
** is added to the internal hash tables, assuming no errors have
................................................................................
*/
void sqlite3EndTable(
  Parse *pParse,          /* Parse context */
  Token *pCons,           /* The ',' token after the last column defn. */
  Token *pEnd,            /* The final ')' token in the CREATE TABLE */
  Select *pSelect         /* Select from a "CREATE ... AS SELECT" */
){
  Table *p;                 /* The new table */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db; /* The database connection */
  int iDb;                  /* Database in which the table lives */
  Index *pIdx;              /* An implied index of the table */
  unsigned wTable;          /* Estimated average width of a row in the table */

  if( (pEnd==0 && pSelect==0) || db->mallocFailed ){
    return;
  }
  p = pParse->pNewTable;
  if( p==0 ) return;

................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK
  /* Resolve names in all CHECK constraint expressions.
  */
  if( p->pCheck ){
    sqlite3ResolveSelfReference(pParse, p, NC_IsCheck, 0, p->pCheck);
  }
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK) */

  /* Compute the iScanRatio of implied indices */
  wTable = estimatedTableWidth(p);
  for(pIdx=p->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
    setIndexScanRatio(pIdx, wTable);
  }

  /* If the db->init.busy is 1 it means we are reading the SQL off the
  ** "sqlite_master" or "sqlite_temp_master" table on the disk.
  ** So do not write to the disk again.  Extract the root page number
  ** for the table from the db->init.newTnum field.  (The page number
  ** should have been put there by the sqliteOpenCb routine.)
  */
................................................................................
  sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr1);

  sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, iTab);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, iIdx);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, iSorter);
}










/*
** Create a new index for an SQL table.  pName1.pName2 is the name of the index 
** and pTblList is the name of the table that is to be indexed.  Both will 
** be NULL for a primary key or an index that is created to satisfy a
** UNIQUE constraint.  If pTable and pIndex are NULL, use pParse->pNewTable
** as the table to be indexed.  pParse->pNewTable is a table that is
** currently being constructed by a CREATE TABLE statement.
................................................................................
  DbFixer sFix;        /* For assigning database names to pTable */
  int sortOrderMask;   /* 1 to honor DESC in index.  0 to ignore. */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  Db *pDb;             /* The specific table containing the indexed database */
  int iDb;             /* Index of the database that is being written */
  Token *pName = 0;    /* Unqualified name of the index to create */
  struct ExprList_item *pListItem; /* For looping over pList */


  const Column *pTabCol;           /* A column in the table */
  int nCol;                        /* Number of columns */
  int nExtra = 0;                  /* Space allocated for zExtra[] */
  char *zExtra;                    /* Extra space after the Index object */

  assert( pParse->nErr==0 );      /* Never called with prior errors */
  if( db->mallocFailed || IN_DECLARE_VTAB ){
................................................................................
    if( j>=pTab->nCol ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "table %s has no column named %s",
        pTab->zName, zColName);
      pParse->checkSchema = 1;
      goto exit_create_index;
    }
    pIndex->aiColumn[i] = j;

    if( pListItem->pExpr ){
      int nColl;
      assert( pListItem->pExpr->op==TK_COLLATE );
      zColl = pListItem->pExpr->u.zToken;
      nColl = sqlite3Strlen30(zColl) + 1;
      assert( nExtra>=nColl );
      memcpy(zExtra, zColl, nColl);
................................................................................
    }
    pIndex->azColl[i] = zColl;
    requestedSortOrder = pListItem->sortOrder & sortOrderMask;
    pIndex->aSortOrder[i] = (u8)requestedSortOrder;
    if( pTab->aCol[j].notNull==0 ) pIndex->uniqNotNull = 0;
  }
  sqlite3DefaultRowEst(pIndex);
  if( pParse->pNewTable==0 ){
    setIndexScanRatio(pIndex, estimatedTableWidth(pTab));
  }



  if( pTab==pParse->pNewTable ){
    /* This routine has been called to create an automatic index as a
    ** result of a PRIMARY KEY or UNIQUE clause on a column definition, or
    ** a PRIMARY KEY or UNIQUE clause following the column definitions.
    ** i.e. one of:
    **

Changes to src/expr.c.

37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
....
2457
2458
2459
2460
2461
2462
2463
2464
2465
2466
2467
2468
2469
2470
2471
....
3124
3125
3126
3127
3128
3129
3130
3131
3132
3133
3134
3135
3136
3137
3138
  if( op==TK_SELECT ){
    assert( pExpr->flags&EP_xIsSelect );
    return sqlite3ExprAffinity(pExpr->x.pSelect->pEList->a[0].pExpr);
  }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CAST
  if( op==TK_CAST ){
    assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) );
    return sqlite3AffinityType(pExpr->u.zToken);
  }
#endif
  if( (op==TK_AGG_COLUMN || op==TK_COLUMN || op==TK_REGISTER) 
   && pExpr->pTab!=0
  ){
    /* op==TK_REGISTER && pExpr->pTab!=0 happens when pExpr was originally
    ** a TK_COLUMN but was previously evaluated and cached in a register */
................................................................................
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CAST
    case TK_CAST: {
      /* Expressions of the form:   CAST(pLeft AS token) */
      int aff, to_op;
      inReg = sqlite3ExprCodeTarget(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, target);
      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) );
      aff = sqlite3AffinityType(pExpr->u.zToken);
      to_op = aff - SQLITE_AFF_TEXT + OP_ToText;
      assert( to_op==OP_ToText    || aff!=SQLITE_AFF_TEXT    );
      assert( to_op==OP_ToBlob    || aff!=SQLITE_AFF_NONE    );
      assert( to_op==OP_ToNumeric || aff!=SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC );
      assert( to_op==OP_ToInt     || aff!=SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER );
      assert( to_op==OP_ToReal    || aff!=SQLITE_AFF_REAL    );
      testcase( to_op==OP_ToText );
................................................................................
      sqlite3ExplainExpr(pOut, pExpr->pLeft);
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CAST
    case TK_CAST: {
      /* Expressions of the form:   CAST(pLeft AS token) */
      const char *zAff = "unk";
      switch( sqlite3AffinityType(pExpr->u.zToken) ){
        case SQLITE_AFF_TEXT:    zAff = "TEXT";     break;
        case SQLITE_AFF_NONE:    zAff = "NONE";     break;
        case SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC: zAff = "NUMERIC";  break;
        case SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER: zAff = "INTEGER";  break;
        case SQLITE_AFF_REAL:    zAff = "REAL";     break;
      }
      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, "CAST-%s(", zAff);







|







 







|







 







|







37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
....
2457
2458
2459
2460
2461
2462
2463
2464
2465
2466
2467
2468
2469
2470
2471
....
3124
3125
3126
3127
3128
3129
3130
3131
3132
3133
3134
3135
3136
3137
3138
  if( op==TK_SELECT ){
    assert( pExpr->flags&EP_xIsSelect );
    return sqlite3ExprAffinity(pExpr->x.pSelect->pEList->a[0].pExpr);
  }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CAST
  if( op==TK_CAST ){
    assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) );
    return sqlite3AffinityType(pExpr->u.zToken, 0);
  }
#endif
  if( (op==TK_AGG_COLUMN || op==TK_COLUMN || op==TK_REGISTER) 
   && pExpr->pTab!=0
  ){
    /* op==TK_REGISTER && pExpr->pTab!=0 happens when pExpr was originally
    ** a TK_COLUMN but was previously evaluated and cached in a register */
................................................................................
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CAST
    case TK_CAST: {
      /* Expressions of the form:   CAST(pLeft AS token) */
      int aff, to_op;
      inReg = sqlite3ExprCodeTarget(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, target);
      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) );
      aff = sqlite3AffinityType(pExpr->u.zToken, 0);
      to_op = aff - SQLITE_AFF_TEXT + OP_ToText;
      assert( to_op==OP_ToText    || aff!=SQLITE_AFF_TEXT    );
      assert( to_op==OP_ToBlob    || aff!=SQLITE_AFF_NONE    );
      assert( to_op==OP_ToNumeric || aff!=SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC );
      assert( to_op==OP_ToInt     || aff!=SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER );
      assert( to_op==OP_ToReal    || aff!=SQLITE_AFF_REAL    );
      testcase( to_op==OP_ToText );
................................................................................
      sqlite3ExplainExpr(pOut, pExpr->pLeft);
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CAST
    case TK_CAST: {
      /* Expressions of the form:   CAST(pLeft AS token) */
      const char *zAff = "unk";
      switch( sqlite3AffinityType(pExpr->u.zToken, 0) ){
        case SQLITE_AFF_TEXT:    zAff = "TEXT";     break;
        case SQLITE_AFF_NONE:    zAff = "NONE";     break;
        case SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC: zAff = "NUMERIC";  break;
        case SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER: zAff = "INTEGER";  break;
        case SQLITE_AFF_REAL:    zAff = "REAL";     break;
      }
      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, "CAST-%s(", zAff);

Changes to src/pragma.c.

1451
1452
1453
1454
1455
1456
1457
1458
1459
1460
1461
1462
1463

1464
1465
1466
1467

1468
1469
1470
1471
1472
1473
1474
1475
    Table *pTab;
    pTab = sqlite3FindTable(db, zRight, zDb);
    if( pTab ){
      v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
      pIdx = pTab->pIndex;
      if( pIdx ){
        int i = 0; 
        sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 3);
        pParse->nMem = 3;
        sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iDb);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "seq", SQLITE_STATIC);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 1, COLNAME_NAME, "name", SQLITE_STATIC);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 2, COLNAME_NAME, "unique", SQLITE_STATIC);

        while(pIdx){
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, i, 1);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 2, 0, pIdx->zName, 0);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, pIdx->onError!=OE_None, 3);

          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 3);
          ++i;
          pIdx = pIdx->pNext;
        }
      }
    }
  }
  break;







|
|




>




>
|







1451
1452
1453
1454
1455
1456
1457
1458
1459
1460
1461
1462
1463
1464
1465
1466
1467
1468
1469
1470
1471
1472
1473
1474
1475
1476
1477
    Table *pTab;
    pTab = sqlite3FindTable(db, zRight, zDb);
    if( pTab ){
      v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
      pIdx = pTab->pIndex;
      if( pIdx ){
        int i = 0; 
        sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 4);
        pParse->nMem = 4;
        sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iDb);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "seq", SQLITE_STATIC);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 1, COLNAME_NAME, "name", SQLITE_STATIC);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 2, COLNAME_NAME, "unique", SQLITE_STATIC);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 3, COLNAME_NAME, "r", SQLITE_STATIC);
        while(pIdx){
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, i, 1);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 2, 0, pIdx->zName, 0);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, pIdx->onError!=OE_None, 3);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, pIdx->iScanRatio*100/128, 4);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 4);
          ++i;
          pIdx = pIdx->pNext;
        }
      }
    }
  }
  break;

Changes to src/sqliteInt.h.

1193
1194
1195
1196
1197
1198
1199

1200
1201
1202
1203
1204
1205
1206
1207
....
3078
3079
3080
3081
3082
3083
3084
3085
3086
3087
3088
3089
3090
3091
3092
  char *zName;     /* Name of this column */
  Expr *pDflt;     /* Default value of this column */
  char *zDflt;     /* Original text of the default value */
  char *zType;     /* Data type for this column */
  char *zColl;     /* Collating sequence.  If NULL, use the default */
  u8 notNull;      /* An OE_ code for handling a NOT NULL constraint */
  char affinity;   /* One of the SQLITE_AFF_... values */

  u16 colFlags;    /* Boolean properties.  See COLFLAG_ defines below */
};

/* Allowed values for Column.colFlags:
*/
#define COLFLAG_PRIMKEY  0x0001    /* Column is part of the primary key */
#define COLFLAG_HIDDEN   0x0002    /* A hidden column in a virtual table */

................................................................................
void sqlite3ResolveSelectNames(Parse*, Select*, NameContext*);
void sqlite3ResolveSelfReference(Parse*,Table*,int,Expr*,ExprList*);
int sqlite3ResolveOrderGroupBy(Parse*, Select*, ExprList*, const char*);
void sqlite3ColumnDefault(Vdbe *, Table *, int, int);
void sqlite3AlterFinishAddColumn(Parse *, Token *);
void sqlite3AlterBeginAddColumn(Parse *, SrcList *);
CollSeq *sqlite3GetCollSeq(Parse*, u8, CollSeq *, const char*);
char sqlite3AffinityType(const char*);
void sqlite3Analyze(Parse*, Token*, Token*);
int sqlite3InvokeBusyHandler(BusyHandler*);
int sqlite3FindDb(sqlite3*, Token*);
int sqlite3FindDbName(sqlite3 *, const char *);
int sqlite3AnalysisLoad(sqlite3*,int iDB);
void sqlite3DeleteIndexSamples(sqlite3*,Index*);
void sqlite3DefaultRowEst(Index*);







>
|







 







|







1193
1194
1195
1196
1197
1198
1199
1200
1201
1202
1203
1204
1205
1206
1207
1208
....
3079
3080
3081
3082
3083
3084
3085
3086
3087
3088
3089
3090
3091
3092
3093
  char *zName;     /* Name of this column */
  Expr *pDflt;     /* Default value of this column */
  char *zDflt;     /* Original text of the default value */
  char *zType;     /* Data type for this column */
  char *zColl;     /* Collating sequence.  If NULL, use the default */
  u8 notNull;      /* An OE_ code for handling a NOT NULL constraint */
  char affinity;   /* One of the SQLITE_AFF_... values */
  u8 szEst;        /* Estimated size of this column.  INT==1 */
  u8 colFlags;     /* Boolean properties.  See COLFLAG_ defines below */
};

/* Allowed values for Column.colFlags:
*/
#define COLFLAG_PRIMKEY  0x0001    /* Column is part of the primary key */
#define COLFLAG_HIDDEN   0x0002    /* A hidden column in a virtual table */

................................................................................
void sqlite3ResolveSelectNames(Parse*, Select*, NameContext*);
void sqlite3ResolveSelfReference(Parse*,Table*,int,Expr*,ExprList*);
int sqlite3ResolveOrderGroupBy(Parse*, Select*, ExprList*, const char*);
void sqlite3ColumnDefault(Vdbe *, Table *, int, int);
void sqlite3AlterFinishAddColumn(Parse *, Token *);
void sqlite3AlterBeginAddColumn(Parse *, SrcList *);
CollSeq *sqlite3GetCollSeq(Parse*, u8, CollSeq *, const char*);
char sqlite3AffinityType(const char*, u8*);
void sqlite3Analyze(Parse*, Token*, Token*);
int sqlite3InvokeBusyHandler(BusyHandler*);
int sqlite3FindDb(sqlite3*, Token*);
int sqlite3FindDbName(sqlite3 *, const char *);
int sqlite3AnalysisLoad(sqlite3*,int iDB);
void sqlite3DeleteIndexSamples(sqlite3*,Index*);
void sqlite3DefaultRowEst(Index*);

Changes to test/pragma.test.

570
571
572
573
574
575
576
577
578
579
580
581
582
583
584
...
643
644
645
646
647
648
649
650
651
652
653
654
655
656
657
....
1657
1658
1659
1660
1661
1662
1663
1664
1665
1666
1667
1668
1669
1670
1671
      pragma foreign_key_list(t5);
    }
  } {}
  do_test pragma-6.4 {
    execsql {
      pragma index_list(t3);
    }
  } {0 sqlite_autoindex_t3_1 1}
}
ifcapable {!foreignkey} {
  execsql {CREATE TABLE t3(a,b UNIQUE)}
}
do_test pragma-6.5.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE INDEX t3i1 ON t3(a,b);
................................................................................
do_test pragma-7.1.1 {
  # Make sure a pragma knows to read the schema if it needs to
  db close
  sqlite3 db test.db
  execsql {
    pragma index_list(t3);
  }
} {0 t3i1 0 1 sqlite_autoindex_t3_1 1}
do_test pragma-7.1.2 {
  execsql {
    pragma index_list(t3_bogus);
  }
} {}
} ;# ifcapable schema_pragmas
ifcapable {utf16} {
................................................................................
  db2 eval {PRAGMA index_info(i2)}
} {0 2 c 1 3 d 2 1 b}
do_test 23.3 {
  db eval {
    CREATE INDEX i3 ON t1(d,b,c);
  }
  db2 eval {PRAGMA index_list(t1)}
} {0 i3 0 1 i2 0 2 i1 0}
do_test 23.4 {
  db eval {
    ALTER TABLE t1 ADD COLUMN e;
  }
  db2 eval {
    PRAGMA table_info(t1);
  }







|







 







|







 







|







570
571
572
573
574
575
576
577
578
579
580
581
582
583
584
...
643
644
645
646
647
648
649
650
651
652
653
654
655
656
657
....
1657
1658
1659
1660
1661
1662
1663
1664
1665
1666
1667
1668
1669
1670
1671
      pragma foreign_key_list(t5);
    }
  } {}
  do_test pragma-6.4 {
    execsql {
      pragma index_list(t3);
    }
  } {/0 sqlite_autoindex_t3_1 1 \d+/}
}
ifcapable {!foreignkey} {
  execsql {CREATE TABLE t3(a,b UNIQUE)}
}
do_test pragma-6.5.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE INDEX t3i1 ON t3(a,b);
................................................................................
do_test pragma-7.1.1 {
  # Make sure a pragma knows to read the schema if it needs to
  db close
  sqlite3 db test.db
  execsql {
    pragma index_list(t3);
  }
} {/0 t3i1 0 \d+ 1 sqlite_autoindex_t3_1 1 \d+/}
do_test pragma-7.1.2 {
  execsql {
    pragma index_list(t3_bogus);
  }
} {}
} ;# ifcapable schema_pragmas
ifcapable {utf16} {
................................................................................
  db2 eval {PRAGMA index_info(i2)}
} {0 2 c 1 3 d 2 1 b}
do_test 23.3 {
  db eval {
    CREATE INDEX i3 ON t1(d,b,c);
  }
  db2 eval {PRAGMA index_list(t1)}
} {/0 i3 0 \d+ 1 i2 0 \d+ 2 i1 0 \d+/}
do_test 23.4 {
  db eval {
    ALTER TABLE t1 ADD COLUMN e;
  }
  db2 eval {
    PRAGMA table_info(t1);
  }