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/*
** 2004 May 26
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
**
** This file contains code use to implement APIs that are part of the
** VDBE.
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"
#include "vdbeInt.h"

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_DEPRECATED
/*
** Return TRUE (non-zero) of the statement supplied as an argument needs
** to be recompiled.  A statement needs to be recompiled whenever the
** execution environment changes in a way that would alter the program
** that sqlite3_prepare() generates.  For example, if new functions or
** collating sequences are registered or if an authorizer function is
** added or changed.
*/
int sqlite3_expired(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt){
  Vdbe *p = (Vdbe*)pStmt;
  return p==0 || p->expired;
}
#endif

/*
** Check on a Vdbe to make sure it has not been finalized.  Log
** an error and return true if it has been finalized (or is otherwise
** invalid).  Return false if it is ok.
*/
static int vdbeSafety(Vdbe *p){
  if( p->db==0 ){
    sqlite3_log(SQLITE_MISUSE, "API called with finalized prepared statement");
    return 1;
  }else{
    return 0;
  }
}
static int vdbeSafetyNotNull(Vdbe *p){
  if( p==0 ){
    sqlite3_log(SQLITE_MISUSE, "API called with NULL prepared statement");
    return 1;
  }else{
    return vdbeSafety(p);
  }
}

/*
** The following routine destroys a virtual machine that is created by
** the sqlite3_compile() routine. The integer returned is an SQLITE_
** success/failure code that describes the result of executing the virtual
** machine.
**
** This routine sets the error code and string returned by
** sqlite3_errcode(), sqlite3_errmsg() and sqlite3_errmsg16().
*/
int sqlite3_finalize(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt){
  int rc;
  if( pStmt==0 ){
    /* IMPLEMENTATION-OF: R-57228-12904 Invoking sqlite3_finalize() on a NULL
    ** pointer is a harmless no-op. */
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
  }else{
    Vdbe *v = (Vdbe*)pStmt;
    sqlite3 *db = v->db;
    if( vdbeSafety(v) ) return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
    sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
    rc = sqlite3VdbeFinalize(v);
    rc = sqlite3ApiExit(db, rc);
    sqlite3LeaveMutexAndCloseZombie(db);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Terminate the current execution of an SQL statement and reset it
** back to its starting state so that it can be reused. A success code from
** the prior execution is returned.
**
** This routine sets the error code and string returned by
** sqlite3_errcode(), sqlite3_errmsg() and sqlite3_errmsg16().
*/
int sqlite3_reset(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt){
  int rc;
  if( pStmt==0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
  }else{
    Vdbe *v = (Vdbe*)pStmt;
    sqlite3_mutex_enter(v->db->mutex);
    rc = sqlite3VdbeReset(v);
    sqlite3VdbeRewind(v);
    assert( (rc & (v->db->errMask))==rc );
    rc = sqlite3ApiExit(v->db, rc);
    sqlite3_mutex_leave(v->db->mutex);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Set all the parameters in the compiled SQL statement to NULL.
*/
int sqlite3_clear_bindings(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt){
  int i;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  Vdbe *p = (Vdbe*)pStmt;
#if SQLITE_THREADSAFE
  sqlite3_mutex *mutex = ((Vdbe*)pStmt)->db->mutex;
#endif
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(mutex);
  for(i=0; i<p->nVar; i++){
    sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(&p->aVar[i]);
    p->aVar[i].flags = MEM_Null;
  }
  if( p->isPrepareV2 && p->expmask ){
    p->expired = 1;
  }
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(mutex);
  return rc;
}


/**************************** sqlite3_value_  *******************************
** The following routines extract information from a Mem or sqlite3_value
** structure.
*/
const void *sqlite3_value_blob(sqlite3_value *pVal){
  Mem *p = (Mem*)pVal;
  if( p->flags & (MEM_Blob|MEM_Str) ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemExpandBlob(p);
    p->flags |= MEM_Blob;
    return p->n ? p->z : 0;
  }else{
    return sqlite3_value_text(pVal);
  }
}
int sqlite3_value_bytes(sqlite3_value *pVal){
  return sqlite3ValueBytes(pVal, SQLITE_UTF8);
}
int sqlite3_value_bytes16(sqlite3_value *pVal){
  return sqlite3ValueBytes(pVal, SQLITE_UTF16NATIVE);
}
double sqlite3_value_double(sqlite3_value *pVal){
  return sqlite3VdbeRealValue((Mem*)pVal);
}
int sqlite3_value_int(sqlite3_value *pVal){
  return (int)sqlite3VdbeIntValue((Mem*)pVal);
}
sqlite_int64 sqlite3_value_int64(sqlite3_value *pVal){
  return sqlite3VdbeIntValue((Mem*)pVal);
}
const unsigned char *sqlite3_value_text(sqlite3_value *pVal){
  return (const unsigned char *)sqlite3ValueText(pVal, SQLITE_UTF8);
}
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16
const void *sqlite3_value_text16(sqlite3_value* pVal){
  return sqlite3ValueText(pVal, SQLITE_UTF16NATIVE);
}
const void *sqlite3_value_text16be(sqlite3_value *pVal){
  return sqlite3ValueText(pVal, SQLITE_UTF16BE);
}
const void *sqlite3_value_text16le(sqlite3_value *pVal){
  return sqlite3ValueText(pVal, SQLITE_UTF16LE);
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16 */
int sqlite3_value_type(sqlite3_value* pVal){
  static const u8 aType[] = {
     SQLITE_BLOB,     /* 0x00 */
     SQLITE_NULL,     /* 0x01 */
     SQLITE_TEXT,     /* 0x02 */
     SQLITE_NULL,     /* 0x03 */
     SQLITE_INTEGER,  /* 0x04 */
     SQLITE_NULL,     /* 0x05 */
     SQLITE_INTEGER,  /* 0x06 */
     SQLITE_NULL,     /* 0x07 */
     SQLITE_FLOAT,    /* 0x08 */
     SQLITE_NULL,     /* 0x09 */
     SQLITE_FLOAT,    /* 0x0a */
     SQLITE_NULL,     /* 0x0b */
     SQLITE_INTEGER,  /* 0x0c */
     SQLITE_NULL,     /* 0x0d */
     SQLITE_INTEGER,  /* 0x0e */
     SQLITE_NULL,     /* 0x0f */
     SQLITE_BLOB,     /* 0x10 */
     SQLITE_NULL,     /* 0x11 */
     SQLITE_TEXT,     /* 0x12 */
     SQLITE_NULL,     /* 0x13 */
     SQLITE_INTEGER,  /* 0x14 */
     SQLITE_NULL,     /* 0x15 */
     SQLITE_INTEGER,  /* 0x16 */
     SQLITE_NULL,     /* 0x17 */
     SQLITE_FLOAT,    /* 0x18 */
     SQLITE_NULL,     /* 0x19 */
     SQLITE_FLOAT,    /* 0x1a */
     SQLITE_NULL,     /* 0x1b */
     SQLITE_INTEGER,  /* 0x1c */
     SQLITE_NULL,     /* 0x1d */
     SQLITE_INTEGER,  /* 0x1e */
     SQLITE_NULL,     /* 0x1f */
  };
  return aType[pVal->flags&MEM_AffMask];
}

/**************************** sqlite3_result_  *******************************
** The following routines are used by user-defined functions to specify
** the function result.
**
** The setStrOrError() function calls sqlite3VdbeMemSetStr() to store the
** result as a string or blob but if the string or blob is too large, it
** then sets the error code to SQLITE_TOOBIG
*/
static void setResultStrOrError(
  sqlite3_context *pCtx,  /* Function context */
  const char *z,          /* String pointer */
  int n,                  /* Bytes in string, or negative */
  u8 enc,                 /* Encoding of z.  0 for BLOBs */
  void (*xDel)(void*)     /* Destructor function */
){
  if( sqlite3VdbeMemSetStr(pCtx->pOut, z, n, enc, xDel)==SQLITE_TOOBIG ){
    sqlite3_result_error_toobig(pCtx);
  }
}
void sqlite3_result_blob(
  sqlite3_context *pCtx, 
  const void *z, 
  int n, 
  void (*xDel)(void *)
){
  assert( n>=0 );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCtx->pOut->db->mutex) );
  setResultStrOrError(pCtx, z, n, 0, xDel);
}
void sqlite3_result_double(sqlite3_context *pCtx, double rVal){
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCtx->pOut->db->mutex) );
  sqlite3VdbeMemSetDouble(pCtx->pOut, rVal);
}
void sqlite3_result_error(sqlite3_context *pCtx, const char *z, int n){
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCtx->pOut->db->mutex) );
  pCtx->isError = SQLITE_ERROR;
  pCtx->fErrorOrAux = 1;
  sqlite3VdbeMemSetStr(pCtx->pOut, z, n, SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
}
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16
void sqlite3_result_error16(sqlite3_context *pCtx, const void *z, int n){
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCtx->pOut->db->mutex) );
  pCtx->isError = SQLITE_ERROR;
  pCtx->fErrorOrAux = 1;
  sqlite3VdbeMemSetStr(pCtx->pOut, z, n, SQLITE_UTF16NATIVE, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
}
#endif
void sqlite3_result_int(sqlite3_context *pCtx, int iVal){
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCtx->pOut->db->mutex) );
  sqlite3VdbeMemSetInt64(pCtx->pOut, (i64)iVal);
}
void sqlite3_result_int64(sqlite3_context *pCtx, i64 iVal){
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCtx->pOut->db->mutex) );
  sqlite3VdbeMemSetInt64(pCtx->pOut, iVal);
}
void sqlite3_result_null(sqlite3_context *pCtx){
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCtx->pOut->db->mutex) );
  sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull(pCtx->pOut);
}
void sqlite3_result_text(
  sqlite3_context *pCtx, 
  const char *z, 
  int n,
  void (*xDel)(void *)
){
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCtx->pOut->db->mutex) );
  setResultStrOrError(pCtx, z, n, SQLITE_UTF8, xDel);
}
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16
void sqlite3_result_text16(
  sqlite3_context *pCtx, 
  const void *z, 
  int n, 
  void (*xDel)(void *)
){
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCtx->pOut->db->mutex) );
  setResultStrOrError(pCtx, z, n, SQLITE_UTF16NATIVE, xDel);
}
void sqlite3_result_text16be(
  sqlite3_context *pCtx, 
  const void *z, 
  int n, 
  void (*xDel)(void *)
){
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCtx->pOut->db->mutex) );
  setResultStrOrError(pCtx, z, n, SQLITE_UTF16BE, xDel);
}
void sqlite3_result_text16le(
  sqlite3_context *pCtx, 
  const void *z, 
  int n, 
  void (*xDel)(void *)
){
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCtx->pOut->db->mutex) );
  setResultStrOrError(pCtx, z, n, SQLITE_UTF16LE, xDel);
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16 */
void sqlite3_result_value(sqlite3_context *pCtx, sqlite3_value *pValue){
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCtx->pOut->db->mutex) );
  sqlite3VdbeMemCopy(pCtx->pOut, pValue);
}
void sqlite3_result_zeroblob(sqlite3_context *pCtx, int n){
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCtx->pOut->db->mutex) );
  sqlite3VdbeMemSetZeroBlob(pCtx->pOut, n);
}
void sqlite3_result_error_code(sqlite3_context *pCtx, int errCode){
  pCtx->isError = errCode;
  pCtx->fErrorOrAux = 1;
  if( pCtx->pOut->flags & MEM_Null ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetStr(pCtx->pOut, sqlite3ErrStr(errCode), -1, 
                         SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_STATIC);
  }
}

/* Force an SQLITE_TOOBIG error. */
void sqlite3_result_error_toobig(sqlite3_context *pCtx){
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCtx->pOut->db->mutex) );
  pCtx->isError = SQLITE_TOOBIG;
  pCtx->fErrorOrAux = 1;
  sqlite3VdbeMemSetStr(pCtx->pOut, "string or blob too big", -1, 
                       SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_STATIC);
}

/* An SQLITE_NOMEM error. */
void sqlite3_result_error_nomem(sqlite3_context *pCtx){
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCtx->pOut->db->mutex) );
  sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull(pCtx->pOut);
  pCtx->isError = SQLITE_NOMEM;
  pCtx->fErrorOrAux = 1;
  pCtx->pOut->db->mallocFailed = 1;
}

/*
** This function is called after a transaction has been committed. It 
** invokes callbacks registered with sqlite3_wal_hook() as required.
*/
static int doWalCallbacks(sqlite3 *db){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
  int i;
  for(i=0; i<db->nDb; i++){
    Btree *pBt = db->aDb[i].pBt;
    if( pBt ){
      int nEntry = sqlite3PagerWalCallback(sqlite3BtreePager(pBt));
      if( db->xWalCallback && nEntry>0 && rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        rc = db->xWalCallback(db->pWalArg, db, db->aDb[i].zName, nEntry);
      }
    }
  }
#endif
  return rc;
}

/*
** Execute the statement pStmt, either until a row of data is ready, the
** statement is completely executed or an error occurs.
**
** This routine implements the bulk of the logic behind the sqlite_step()
** API.  The only thing omitted is the automatic recompile if a 
** schema change has occurred.  That detail is handled by the
** outer sqlite3_step() wrapper procedure.
*/
static int sqlite3Step(Vdbe *p){
  sqlite3 *db;
  int rc;

  assert(p);
  if( p->magic!=VDBE_MAGIC_RUN ){
    /* We used to require that sqlite3_reset() be called before retrying
    ** sqlite3_step() after any error or after SQLITE_DONE.  But beginning
    ** with version 3.7.0, we changed this so that sqlite3_reset() would
    ** be called automatically instead of throwing the SQLITE_MISUSE error.
    ** This "automatic-reset" change is not technically an incompatibility, 
    ** since any application that receives an SQLITE_MISUSE is broken by
    ** definition.
    **
    ** Nevertheless, some published applications that were originally written
    ** for version 3.6.23 or earlier do in fact depend on SQLITE_MISUSE 
    ** returns, and those were broken by the automatic-reset change.  As a
    ** a work-around, the SQLITE_OMIT_AUTORESET compile-time restores the
    ** legacy behavior of returning SQLITE_MISUSE for cases where the 
    ** previous sqlite3_step() returned something other than a SQLITE_LOCKED
    ** or SQLITE_BUSY error.
    */
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTORESET
    if( p->rc==SQLITE_BUSY || p->rc==SQLITE_LOCKED ){
      sqlite3_reset((sqlite3_stmt*)p);
    }else{
      return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
    }
#else
    sqlite3_reset((sqlite3_stmt*)p);
#endif
  }

  /* Check that malloc() has not failed. If it has, return early. */
  db = p->db;
  if( db->mallocFailed ){
    p->rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }

  if( p->pc<=0 && p->expired ){
    p->rc = SQLITE_SCHEMA;
    rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
    goto end_of_step;
  }
  if( p->pc<0 ){
    /* If there are no other statements currently running, then
    ** reset the interrupt flag.  This prevents a call to sqlite3_interrupt
    ** from interrupting a statement that has not yet started.
    */
    if( db->nVdbeActive==0 ){
      db->u1.isInterrupted = 0;
    }

    assert( db->nVdbeWrite>0 || db->autoCommit==0 
        || (db->nDeferredCons==0 && db->nDeferredImmCons==0)
    );

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRACE
    if( db->xProfile && !db->init.busy ){
      sqlite3OsCurrentTimeInt64(db->pVfs, &p->startTime);
    }
#endif

    db->nVdbeActive++;
    if( p->readOnly==0 ) db->nVdbeWrite++;
    if( p->bIsReader ) db->nVdbeRead++;
    p->pc = 0;
  }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
  if( p->explain ){
    rc = sqlite3VdbeList(p);
  }else
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN */
  {
    db->nVdbeExec++;
    rc = sqlite3VdbeExec(p);
    db->nVdbeExec--;
  }

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRACE
  /* Invoke the profile callback if there is one
  */
  if( rc!=SQLITE_ROW && db->xProfile && !db->init.busy && p->zSql ){
    sqlite3_int64 iNow;
    sqlite3OsCurrentTimeInt64(db->pVfs, &iNow);
    db->xProfile(db->pProfileArg, p->zSql, (iNow - p->startTime)*1000000);
  }
#endif

  if( rc==SQLITE_DONE ){
    assert( p->rc==SQLITE_OK );
    p->rc = doWalCallbacks(db);
    if( p->rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
    }
  }

  db->errCode = rc;
  if( SQLITE_NOMEM==sqlite3ApiExit(p->db, p->rc) ){
    p->rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
end_of_step:
  /* At this point local variable rc holds the value that should be 
  ** returned if this statement was compiled using the legacy 
  ** sqlite3_prepare() interface. According to the docs, this can only
  ** be one of the values in the first assert() below. Variable p->rc 
  ** contains the value that would be returned if sqlite3_finalize() 
  ** were called on statement p.
  */
  assert( rc==SQLITE_ROW  || rc==SQLITE_DONE   || rc==SQLITE_ERROR 
       || rc==SQLITE_BUSY || rc==SQLITE_MISUSE
  );
  assert( p->rc!=SQLITE_ROW && p->rc!=SQLITE_DONE );
  if( p->isPrepareV2 && rc!=SQLITE_ROW && rc!=SQLITE_DONE ){
    /* If this statement was prepared using sqlite3_prepare_v2(), and an
    ** error has occurred, then return the error code in p->rc to the
    ** caller. Set the error code in the database handle to the same value.
    */ 
    rc = sqlite3VdbeTransferError(p);
  }
  return (rc&db->errMask);
}

/*
** This is the top-level implementation of sqlite3_step().  Call
** sqlite3Step() to do most of the work.  If a schema error occurs,
** call sqlite3Reprepare() and try again.
*/
int sqlite3_step(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;      /* Result from sqlite3Step() */
  int rc2 = SQLITE_OK;     /* Result from sqlite3Reprepare() */
  Vdbe *v = (Vdbe*)pStmt;  /* the prepared statement */
  int cnt = 0;             /* Counter to prevent infinite loop of reprepares */
  sqlite3 *db;             /* The database connection */

  if( vdbeSafetyNotNull(v) ){
    return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
  }
  db = v->db;
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  v->doingRerun = 0;
  while( (rc = sqlite3Step(v))==SQLITE_SCHEMA
         && cnt++ < SQLITE_MAX_SCHEMA_RETRY ){
    int savedPc = v->pc;
    rc2 = rc = sqlite3Reprepare(v);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK) break;
    sqlite3_reset(pStmt);
    if( savedPc>=0 ) v->doingRerun = 1;
    assert( v->expired==0 );
  }
  if( rc2!=SQLITE_OK ){
    /* This case occurs after failing to recompile an sql statement. 
    ** The error message from the SQL compiler has already been loaded 
    ** into the database handle. This block copies the error message 
    ** from the database handle into the statement and sets the statement
    ** program counter to 0 to ensure that when the statement is 
    ** finalized or reset the parser error message is available via
    ** sqlite3_errmsg() and sqlite3_errcode().
    */
    const char *zErr = (const char *)sqlite3_value_text(db->pErr); 
    assert( zErr!=0 || db->mallocFailed );
    sqlite3DbFree(db, v->zErrMsg);
    if( !db->mallocFailed ){
      v->zErrMsg = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, zErr);
      v->rc = rc2;
    } else {
      v->zErrMsg = 0;
      v->rc = rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
  }
  rc = sqlite3ApiExit(db, rc);
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  return rc;
}


/*
** Extract the user data from a sqlite3_context structure and return a
** pointer to it.
*/
void *sqlite3_user_data(sqlite3_context *p){
  assert( p && p->pFunc );
  return p->pFunc->pUserData;
}

/*
** Extract the user data from a sqlite3_context structure and return a
** pointer to it.
**
** IMPLEMENTATION-OF: R-46798-50301 The sqlite3_context_db_handle() interface
** returns a copy of the pointer to the database connection (the 1st
** parameter) of the sqlite3_create_function() and
** sqlite3_create_function16() routines that originally registered the
** application defined function.
*/
sqlite3 *sqlite3_context_db_handle(sqlite3_context *p){
  assert( p && p->pFunc );
  return p->pOut->db;
}

/*
** Return the current time for a statement
*/
sqlite3_int64 sqlite3StmtCurrentTime(sqlite3_context *p){
  Vdbe *v = p->pVdbe;
  int rc;
  if( v->iCurrentTime==0 ){
    rc = sqlite3OsCurrentTimeInt64(p->pOut->db->pVfs, &v->iCurrentTime);
    if( rc ) v->iCurrentTime = 0;
  }
  return v->iCurrentTime;
}

/*
** The following is the implementation of an SQL function that always
** fails with an error message stating that the function is used in the
** wrong context.  The sqlite3_overload_function() API might construct
** SQL function that use this routine so that the functions will exist
** for name resolution but are actually overloaded by the xFindFunction
** method of virtual tables.
*/
void sqlite3InvalidFunction(
  sqlite3_context *context,  /* The function calling context */
  int NotUsed,               /* Number of arguments to the function */
  sqlite3_value **NotUsed2   /* Value of each argument */
){
  const char *zName = context->pFunc->zName;
  char *zErr;
  UNUSED_PARAMETER2(NotUsed, NotUsed2);
  zErr = sqlite3_mprintf(
      "unable to use function %s in the requested context", zName);
  sqlite3_result_error(context, zErr, -1);
  sqlite3_free(zErr);
}

/*
** Create a new aggregate context for p and return a pointer to
** its pMem->z element.
*/
static SQLITE_NOINLINE void *createAggContext(sqlite3_context *p, int nByte){
  Mem *pMem = p->pMem;
  assert( (pMem->flags & MEM_Agg)==0 );
  if( nByte<=0 ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemReleaseExternal(pMem);
    pMem->flags = MEM_Null;
    pMem->z = 0;
  }else{
    sqlite3VdbeMemGrow(pMem, nByte, 0);
    pMem->flags = MEM_Agg;
    pMem->u.pDef = p->pFunc;
    if( pMem->z ){
      memset(pMem->z, 0, nByte);
    }
  }
  return (void*)pMem->z;
}

/*
** Allocate or return the aggregate context for a user function.  A new
** context is allocated on the first call.  Subsequent calls return the
** same context that was returned on prior calls.
*/
void *sqlite3_aggregate_context(sqlite3_context *p, int nByte){
  assert( p && p->pFunc && p->pFunc->xStep );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(p->pOut->db->mutex) );
  testcase( nByte<0 );
  if( (p->pMem->flags & MEM_Agg)==0 ){
    return createAggContext(p, nByte);
  }else{
    return (void*)p->pMem->z;
  }
}

/*
** Return the auxiliary data pointer, if any, for the iArg'th argument to
** the user-function defined by pCtx.
*/
void *sqlite3_get_auxdata(sqlite3_context *pCtx, int iArg){
  AuxData *pAuxData;

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCtx->pOut->db->mutex) );
  for(pAuxData=pCtx->pVdbe->pAuxData; pAuxData; pAuxData=pAuxData->pNext){
    if( pAuxData->iOp==pCtx->iOp && pAuxData->iArg==iArg ) break;
  }

  return (pAuxData ? pAuxData->pAux : 0);
}

/*
** Set the auxiliary data pointer and delete function, for the iArg'th
** argument to the user-function defined by pCtx. Any previous value is
** deleted by calling the delete function specified when it was set.
*/
void sqlite3_set_auxdata(
  sqlite3_context *pCtx, 
  int iArg, 
  void *pAux, 
  void (*xDelete)(void*)
){
  AuxData *pAuxData;
  Vdbe *pVdbe = pCtx->pVdbe;

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCtx->pOut->db->mutex) );
  if( iArg<0 ) goto failed;

  for(pAuxData=pVdbe->pAuxData; pAuxData; pAuxData=pAuxData->pNext){
    if( pAuxData->iOp==pCtx->iOp && pAuxData->iArg==iArg ) break;
  }
  if( pAuxData==0 ){
    pAuxData = sqlite3DbMallocZero(pVdbe->db, sizeof(AuxData));
    if( !pAuxData ) goto failed;
    pAuxData->iOp = pCtx->iOp;
    pAuxData->iArg = iArg;
    pAuxData->pNext = pVdbe->pAuxData;
    pVdbe->pAuxData = pAuxData;
    if( pCtx->fErrorOrAux==0 ){
      pCtx->isError = 0;
      pCtx->fErrorOrAux = 1;
    }
  }else if( pAuxData->xDelete ){
    pAuxData->xDelete(pAuxData->pAux);
  }

  pAuxData->pAux = pAux;
  pAuxData->xDelete = xDelete;
  return;

failed:
  if( xDelete ){
    xDelete(pAux);
  }
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_DEPRECATED
/*
** Return the number of times the Step function of an aggregate has been 
** called.
**
** This function is deprecated.  Do not use it for new code.  It is
** provide only to avoid breaking legacy code.  New aggregate function
** implementations should keep their own counts within their aggregate
** context.
*/
int sqlite3_aggregate_count(sqlite3_context *p){
  assert( p && p->pMem && p->pFunc && p->pFunc->xStep );
  return p->pMem->n;
}
#endif

/*
** Return the number of columns in the result set for the statement pStmt.
*/
int sqlite3_column_count(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt){
  Vdbe *pVm = (Vdbe *)pStmt;
  return pVm ? pVm->nResColumn : 0;
}

/*
** Return the number of values available from the current row of the
** currently executing statement pStmt.
*/
int sqlite3_data_count(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt){
  Vdbe *pVm = (Vdbe *)pStmt;
  if( pVm==0 || pVm->pResultSet==0 ) return 0;
  return pVm->nResColumn;
}

/*
** Return a pointer to static memory containing an SQL NULL value.
*/
static const Mem *columnNullValue(void){
  /* Even though the Mem structure contains an element
  ** of type i64, on certain architectures (x86) with certain compiler
  ** switches (-Os), gcc may align this Mem object on a 4-byte boundary
  ** instead of an 8-byte one. This all works fine, except that when
  ** running with SQLITE_DEBUG defined the SQLite code sometimes assert()s
  ** that a Mem structure is located on an 8-byte boundary. To prevent
  ** these assert()s from failing, when building with SQLITE_DEBUG defined
  ** using gcc, we force nullMem to be 8-byte aligned using the magical
  ** __attribute__((aligned(8))) macro.  */
  static const Mem nullMem 
#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) && defined(__GNUC__)
    __attribute__((aligned(8))) 
#endif
    = {0, "", (double)0, {0}, 0, MEM_Null, 0,
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
       0, 0,  /* pScopyFrom, pFiller */
#endif
       0, 0 };
  return &nullMem;
}

/*
** Check to see if column iCol of the given statement is valid.  If
** it is, return a pointer to the Mem for the value of that column.
** If iCol is not valid, return a pointer to a Mem which has a value
** of NULL.
*/
static Mem *columnMem(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt, int i){
  Vdbe *pVm;
  Mem *pOut;

  pVm = (Vdbe *)pStmt;
  if( pVm && pVm->pResultSet!=0 && i<pVm->nResColumn && i>=0 ){
    sqlite3_mutex_enter(pVm->db->mutex);
    pOut = &pVm->pResultSet[i];
  }else{
    if( pVm && ALWAYS(pVm->db) ){
      sqlite3_mutex_enter(pVm->db->mutex);
      sqlite3Error(pVm->db, SQLITE_RANGE);
    }
    pOut = (Mem*)columnNullValue();
  }
  return pOut;
}

/*
** This function is called after invoking an sqlite3_value_XXX function on a 
** column value (i.e. a value returned by evaluating an SQL expression in the
** select list of a SELECT statement) that may cause a malloc() failure. If 
** malloc() has failed, the threads mallocFailed flag is cleared and the result
** code of statement pStmt set to SQLITE_NOMEM.
**
** Specifically, this is called from within:
**
**     sqlite3_column_int()
**     sqlite3_column_int64()
**     sqlite3_column_text()
**     sqlite3_column_text16()
**     sqlite3_column_real()
**     sqlite3_column_bytes()
**     sqlite3_column_bytes16()
**     sqiite3_column_blob()
*/
static void columnMallocFailure(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt)
{
  /* If malloc() failed during an encoding conversion within an
  ** sqlite3_column_XXX API, then set the return code of the statement to
  ** SQLITE_NOMEM. The next call to _step() (if any) will return SQLITE_ERROR
  ** and _finalize() will return NOMEM.
  */
  Vdbe *p = (Vdbe *)pStmt;
  if( p ){
    p->rc = sqlite3ApiExit(p->db, p->rc);
    sqlite3_mutex_leave(p->db->mutex);
  }
}

/**************************** sqlite3_column_  *******************************
** The following routines are used to access elements of the current row
** in the result set.
*/
const void *sqlite3_column_blob(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt, int i){
  const void *val;
  val = sqlite3_value_blob( columnMem(pStmt,i) );
  /* Even though there is no encoding conversion, value_blob() might
  ** need to call malloc() to expand the result of a zeroblob() 
  ** expression. 
  */
  columnMallocFailure(pStmt);
  return val;
}
int sqlite3_column_bytes(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt, int i){
  int val = sqlite3_value_bytes( columnMem(pStmt,i) );
  columnMallocFailure(pStmt);
  return val;
}
int sqlite3_column_bytes16(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt, int i){
  int val = sqlite3_value_bytes16( columnMem(pStmt,i) );
  columnMallocFailure(pStmt);
  return val;
}
double sqlite3_column_double(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt, int i){
  double val = sqlite3_value_double( columnMem(pStmt,i) );
  columnMallocFailure(pStmt);
  return val;
}
int sqlite3_column_int(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt, int i){
  int val = sqlite3_value_int( columnMem(pStmt,i) );
  columnMallocFailure(pStmt);
  return val;
}
sqlite_int64 sqlite3_column_int64(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt, int i){
  sqlite_int64 val = sqlite3_value_int64( columnMem(pStmt,i) );
  columnMallocFailure(pStmt);
  return val;
}
const unsigned char *sqlite3_column_text(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt, int i){
  const unsigned char *val = sqlite3_value_text( columnMem(pStmt,i) );
  columnMallocFailure(pStmt);
  return val;
}
sqlite3_value *sqlite3_column_value(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt, int i){
  Mem *pOut = columnMem(pStmt, i);
  if( pOut->flags&MEM_Static ){
    pOut->flags &= ~MEM_Static;
    pOut->flags |= MEM_Ephem;
  }
  columnMallocFailure(pStmt);
  return (sqlite3_value *)pOut;
}
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16
const void *sqlite3_column_text16(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt, int i){
  const void *val = sqlite3_value_text16( columnMem(pStmt,i) );
  columnMallocFailure(pStmt);
  return val;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16 */
int sqlite3_column_type(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt, int i){
  int iType = sqlite3_value_type( columnMem(pStmt,i) );
  columnMallocFailure(pStmt);
  return iType;
}

/*
** Convert the N-th element of pStmt->pColName[] into a string using
** xFunc() then return that string.  If N is out of range, return 0.
**
** There are up to 5 names for each column.  useType determines which
** name is returned.  Here are the names:
**
**    0      The column name as it should be displayed for output
**    1      The datatype name for the column
**    2      The name of the database that the column derives from
**    3      The name of the table that the column derives from
**    4      The name of the table column that the result column derives from
**
** If the result is not a simple column reference (if it is an expression
** or a constant) then useTypes 2, 3, and 4 return NULL.
*/
static const void *columnName(
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt,
  int N,
  const void *(*xFunc)(Mem*),
  int useType
){
  const void *ret = 0;
  Vdbe *p = (Vdbe *)pStmt;
  int n;
  sqlite3 *db = p->db;
  
  assert( db!=0 );
  n = sqlite3_column_count(pStmt);
  if( N<n && N>=0 ){
    N += useType*n;
    sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
    assert( db->mallocFailed==0 );
    ret = xFunc(&p->aColName[N]);
     /* A malloc may have failed inside of the xFunc() call. If this
    ** is the case, clear the mallocFailed flag and return NULL.
    */
    if( db->mallocFailed ){
      db->mallocFailed = 0;
      ret = 0;
    }
    sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  }
  return ret;
}

/*
** Return the name of the Nth column of the result set returned by SQL
** statement pStmt.
*/
const char *sqlite3_column_name(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt, int N){
  return columnName(
      pStmt, N, (const void*(*)(Mem*))sqlite3_value_text, COLNAME_NAME);
}
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16
const void *sqlite3_column_name16(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt, int N){
  return columnName(
      pStmt, N, (const void*(*)(Mem*))sqlite3_value_text16, COLNAME_NAME);
}
#endif

/*
** Constraint:  If you have ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA then you must
** not define OMIT_DECLTYPE.
*/
#if defined(SQLITE_OMIT_DECLTYPE) && defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA)
# error "Must not define both SQLITE_OMIT_DECLTYPE \
         and SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA"
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_DECLTYPE
/*
** Return the column declaration type (if applicable) of the 'i'th column
** of the result set of SQL statement pStmt.
*/
const char *sqlite3_column_decltype(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt, int N){
  return columnName(
      pStmt, N, (const void*(*)(Mem*))sqlite3_value_text, COLNAME_DECLTYPE);
}
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16
const void *sqlite3_column_decltype16(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt, int N){
  return columnName(
      pStmt, N, (const void*(*)(Mem*))sqlite3_value_text16, COLNAME_DECLTYPE);
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16 */
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_DECLTYPE */

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA
/*
** Return the name of the database from which a result column derives.
** NULL is returned if the result column is an expression or constant or
** anything else which is not an unambiguous reference to a database column.
*/
const char *sqlite3_column_database_name(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt, int N){
  return columnName(
      pStmt, N, (const void*(*)(Mem*))sqlite3_value_text, COLNAME_DATABASE);
}
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16
const void *sqlite3_column_database_name16(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt, int N){
  return columnName(
      pStmt, N, (const void*(*)(Mem*))sqlite3_value_text16, COLNAME_DATABASE);
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16 */

/*
** Return the name of the table from which a result column derives.
** NULL is returned if the result column is an expression or constant or
** anything else which is not an unambiguous reference to a database column.
*/
const char *sqlite3_column_table_name(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt, int N){
  return columnName(
      pStmt, N, (const void*(*)(Mem*))sqlite3_value_text, COLNAME_TABLE);
}
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16
const void *sqlite3_column_table_name16(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt, int N){
  return columnName(
      pStmt, N, (const void*(*)(Mem*))sqlite3_value_text16, COLNAME_TABLE);
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16 */

/*
** Return the name of the table column from which a result column derives.
** NULL is returned if the result column is an expression or constant or
** anything else which is not an unambiguous reference to a database column.
*/
const char *sqlite3_column_origin_name(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt, int N){
  return columnName(
      pStmt, N, (const void*(*)(Mem*))sqlite3_value_text, COLNAME_COLUMN);
}
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16
const void *sqlite3_column_origin_name16(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt, int N){
  return columnName(
      pStmt, N, (const void*(*)(Mem*))sqlite3_value_text16, COLNAME_COLUMN);
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16 */
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA */


/******************************* sqlite3_bind_  ***************************
** 
** Routines used to attach values to wildcards in a compiled SQL statement.
*/
/*
** Unbind the value bound to variable i in virtual machine p. This is the 
** the same as binding a NULL value to the column. If the "i" parameter is
** out of range, then SQLITE_RANGE is returned. Othewise SQLITE_OK.
**
** A successful evaluation of this routine acquires the mutex on p.
** the mutex is released if any kind of error occurs.
**
** The error code stored in database p->db is overwritten with the return
** value in any case.
*/
static int vdbeUnbind(Vdbe *p, int i){
  Mem *pVar;
  if( vdbeSafetyNotNull(p) ){
    return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
  }
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(p->db->mutex);
  if( p->magic!=VDBE_MAGIC_RUN || p->pc>=0 ){
    sqlite3Error(p->db, SQLITE_MISUSE);
    sqlite3_mutex_leave(p->db->mutex);
    sqlite3_log(SQLITE_MISUSE, 
        "bind on a busy prepared statement: [%s]", p->zSql);
    return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
  }
  if( i<1 || i>p->nVar ){
    sqlite3Error(p->db, SQLITE_RANGE);
    sqlite3_mutex_leave(p->db->mutex);
    return SQLITE_RANGE;
  }
  i--;
  pVar = &p->aVar[i];
  sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(pVar);
  pVar->flags = MEM_Null;
  sqlite3Error(p->db, SQLITE_OK);

  /* If the bit corresponding to this variable in Vdbe.expmask is set, then 
  ** binding a new value to this variable invalidates the current query plan.
  **
  ** IMPLEMENTATION-OF: R-48440-37595 If the specific value bound to host
  ** parameter in the WHERE clause might influence the choice of query plan
  ** for a statement, then the statement will be automatically recompiled,
  ** as if there had been a schema change, on the first sqlite3_step() call
  ** following any change to the bindings of that parameter.
  */
  if( p->isPrepareV2 &&
     ((i<32 && p->expmask & ((u32)1 << i)) || p->expmask==0xffffffff)
  ){
    p->expired = 1;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Bind a text or BLOB value.
*/
static int bindText(
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt,   /* The statement to bind against */
  int i,                 /* Index of the parameter to bind */
  const void *zData,     /* Pointer to the data to be bound */
  int nData,             /* Number of bytes of data to be bound */
  void (*xDel)(void*),   /* Destructor for the data */
  u8 encoding            /* Encoding for the data */
){
  Vdbe *p = (Vdbe *)pStmt;
  Mem *pVar;
  int rc;

  rc = vdbeUnbind(p, i);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( zData!=0 ){
      pVar = &p->aVar[i-1];
      rc = sqlite3VdbeMemSetStr(pVar, zData, nData, encoding, xDel);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK && encoding!=0 ){
        rc = sqlite3VdbeChangeEncoding(pVar, ENC(p->db));
      }
      sqlite3Error(p->db, rc);
      rc = sqlite3ApiExit(p->db, rc);
    }
    sqlite3_mutex_leave(p->db->mutex);
  }else if( xDel!=SQLITE_STATIC && xDel!=SQLITE_TRANSIENT ){
    xDel((void*)zData);
  }
  return rc;
}


/*
** Bind a blob value to an SQL statement variable.
*/
int sqlite3_bind_blob(
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt, 
  int i, 
  const void *zData, 
  int nData, 
  void (*xDel)(void*)
){
  return bindText(pStmt, i, zData, nData, xDel, 0);
}
int sqlite3_bind_double(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt, int i, double rValue){
  int rc;
  Vdbe *p = (Vdbe *)pStmt;
  rc = vdbeUnbind(p, i);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetDouble(&p->aVar[i-1], rValue);
    sqlite3_mutex_leave(p->db->mutex);
  }
  return rc;
}
int sqlite3_bind_int(sqlite3_stmt *p, int i, int iValue){
  return sqlite3_bind_int64(p, i, (i64)iValue);
}
int sqlite3_bind_int64(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt, int i, sqlite_int64 iValue){
  int rc;
  Vdbe *p = (Vdbe *)pStmt;
  rc = vdbeUnbind(p, i);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetInt64(&p->aVar[i-1], iValue);
    sqlite3_mutex_leave(p->db->mutex);
  }
  return rc;
}
int sqlite3_bind_null(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt, int i){
  int rc;
  Vdbe *p = (Vdbe*)pStmt;
  rc = vdbeUnbind(p, i);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3_mutex_leave(p->db->mutex);
  }
  return rc;
}
int sqlite3_bind_text( 
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt, 
  int i, 
  const char *zData, 
  int nData, 
  void (*xDel)(void*)
){
  return bindText(pStmt, i, zData, nData, xDel, SQLITE_UTF8);
}
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16
int sqlite3_bind_text16(
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt, 
  int i, 
  const void *zData, 
  int nData, 
  void (*xDel)(void*)
){
  return bindText(pStmt, i, zData, nData, xDel, SQLITE_UTF16NATIVE);
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16 */
int sqlite3_bind_value(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt, int i, const sqlite3_value *pValue){
  int rc;
  switch( sqlite3_value_type((sqlite3_value*)pValue) ){
    case SQLITE_INTEGER: {
      rc = sqlite3_bind_int64(pStmt, i, pValue->u.i);
      break;
    }
    case SQLITE_FLOAT: {
      rc = sqlite3_bind_double(pStmt, i, pValue->r);
      break;
    }
    case SQLITE_BLOB: {
      if( pValue->flags & MEM_Zero ){
        rc = sqlite3_bind_zeroblob(pStmt, i, pValue->u.nZero);
      }else{
        rc = sqlite3_bind_blob(pStmt, i, pValue->z, pValue->n,SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
      }
      break;
    }
    case SQLITE_TEXT: {
      rc = bindText(pStmt,i,  pValue->z, pValue->n, SQLITE_TRANSIENT,
                              pValue->enc);
      break;
    }
    default: {
      rc = sqlite3_bind_null(pStmt, i);
      break;
    }
  }
  return rc;
}
int sqlite3_bind_zeroblob(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt, int i, int n){
  int rc;
  Vdbe *p = (Vdbe *)pStmt;
  rc = vdbeUnbind(p, i);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetZeroBlob(&p->aVar[i-1], n);
    sqlite3_mutex_leave(p->db->mutex);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Return the number of wildcards that can be potentially bound to.
** This routine is added to support DBD::SQLite.  
*/
int sqlite3_bind_parameter_count(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt){
  Vdbe *p = (Vdbe*)pStmt;
  return p ? p->nVar : 0;
}

/*
** Return the name of a wildcard parameter.  Return NULL if the index
** is out of range or if the wildcard is unnamed.
**
** The result is always UTF-8.
*/
const char *sqlite3_bind_parameter_name(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt, int i){
  Vdbe *p = (Vdbe*)pStmt;
  if( p==0 || i<1 || i>p->nzVar ){
    return 0;
  }
  return p->azVar[i-1];
}

/*
** Given a wildcard parameter name, return the index of the variable
** with that name.  If there is no variable with the given name,
** return 0.
*/
int sqlite3VdbeParameterIndex(Vdbe *p, const char *zName, int nName){
  int i;
  if( p==0 ){
    return 0;
  }
  if( zName ){
    for(i=0; i<p->nzVar; i++){
      const char *z = p->azVar[i];
      if( z && strncmp(z,zName,nName)==0 && z[nName]==0 ){
        return i+1;
      }
    }
  }
  return 0;
}
int sqlite3_bind_parameter_index(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt, const char *zName){
  return sqlite3VdbeParameterIndex((Vdbe*)pStmt, zName, sqlite3Strlen30(zName));
}

/*
** Transfer all bindings from the first statement over to the second.
*/
int sqlite3TransferBindings(sqlite3_stmt *pFromStmt, sqlite3_stmt *pToStmt){
  Vdbe *pFrom = (Vdbe*)pFromStmt;
  Vdbe *pTo = (Vdbe*)pToStmt;
  int i;
  assert( pTo->db==pFrom->db );
  assert( pTo->nVar==pFrom->nVar );
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(pTo->db->mutex);
  for(i=0; i<pFrom->nVar; i++){
    sqlite3VdbeMemMove(&pTo->aVar[i], &pFrom->aVar[i]);
  }
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(pTo->db->mutex);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_DEPRECATED
/*
** Deprecated external interface.  Internal/core SQLite code
** should call sqlite3TransferBindings.
**
** It is misuse to call this routine with statements from different
** database connections.  But as this is a deprecated interface, we
** will not bother to check for that condition.
**
** If the two statements contain a different number of bindings, then
** an SQLITE_ERROR is returned.  Nothing else can go wrong, so otherwise
** SQLITE_OK is returned.
*/
int sqlite3_transfer_bindings(sqlite3_stmt *pFromStmt, sqlite3_stmt *pToStmt){
  Vdbe *pFrom = (Vdbe*)pFromStmt;
  Vdbe *pTo = (Vdbe*)pToStmt;
  if( pFrom->nVar!=pTo->nVar ){
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  if( pTo->isPrepareV2 && pTo->expmask ){
    pTo->expired = 1;
  }
  if( pFrom->isPrepareV2 && pFrom->expmask ){
    pFrom->expired = 1;
  }
  return sqlite3TransferBindings(pFromStmt, pToStmt);
}
#endif

/*
** Return the sqlite3* database handle to which the prepared statement given
** in the argument belongs.  This is the same database handle that was
** the first argument to the sqlite3_prepare() that was used to create
** the statement in the first place.
*/
sqlite3 *sqlite3_db_handle(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt){
  return pStmt ? ((Vdbe*)pStmt)->db : 0;
}

/*
** Return true if the prepared statement is guaranteed to not modify the
** database.
*/
int sqlite3_stmt_readonly(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt){
  return pStmt ? ((Vdbe*)pStmt)->readOnly : 1;
}

/*
** Return true if the prepared statement is in need of being reset.
*/
int sqlite3_stmt_busy(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt){
  Vdbe *v = (Vdbe*)pStmt;
  return v!=0 && v->pc>=0 && v->magic==VDBE_MAGIC_RUN;
}

/*
** Return a pointer to the next prepared statement after pStmt associated
** with database connection pDb.  If pStmt is NULL, return the first
** prepared statement for the database connection.  Return NULL if there
** are no more.
*/
sqlite3_stmt *sqlite3_next_stmt(sqlite3 *pDb, sqlite3_stmt *pStmt){
  sqlite3_stmt *pNext;
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(pDb->mutex);
  if( pStmt==0 ){
    pNext = (sqlite3_stmt*)pDb->pVdbe;
  }else{
    pNext = (sqlite3_stmt*)((Vdbe*)pStmt)->pNext;
  }
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(pDb->mutex);
  return pNext;
}

/*
** Return the value of a status counter for a prepared statement
*/
int sqlite3_stmt_status(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt, int op, int resetFlag){
  Vdbe *pVdbe = (Vdbe*)pStmt;
  u32 v = pVdbe->aCounter[op];
  if( resetFlag ) pVdbe->aCounter[op] = 0;
  return (int)v;
}

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_PREUPDATE_HOOK
/*
** Allocate and populate an UnpackedRecord structure based on the serialized
** record in nKey/pKey. Return a pointer to the new UnpackedRecord structure
** if successful, or a NULL pointer if an OOM error is encountered.
*/
static UnpackedRecord *vdbeUnpackRecord(
  KeyInfo *pKeyInfo, 
  int nKey, 
  const void *pKey
){
  char *dummy;                    /* Dummy argument for AllocUnpackedRecord() */
  UnpackedRecord *pRet;           /* Return value */

  pRet = sqlite3VdbeAllocUnpackedRecord(pKeyInfo, 0, 0, &dummy);
  if( pRet ){
    memset(pRet->aMem, 0, sizeof(Mem)*(pKeyInfo->nField+1));
    sqlite3VdbeRecordUnpack(pKeyInfo, nKey, pKey, pRet);
  }
  return pRet;
}

/*
** This function is called from within a pre-update callback to retrieve
** a field of the row currently being updated or deleted.
*/
int sqlite3_preupdate_old(sqlite3 *db, int iIdx, sqlite3_value **ppValue){
  PreUpdate *p = db->pPreUpdate;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  /* Test that this call is being made from within an SQLITE_DELETE or
  ** SQLITE_UPDATE pre-update callback, and that iIdx is within range. */
  if( !p || p->op==SQLITE_INSERT ){
    rc = SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
    goto preupdate_old_out;
  }
  if( iIdx>=p->pCsr->nField || iIdx<0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_RANGE;
    goto preupdate_old_out;
  }

  /* If the old.* record has not yet been loaded into memory, do so now. */
  if( p->pUnpacked==0 ){
    u32 nRec;
    u8 *aRec;

    rc = sqlite3BtreeDataSize(p->pCsr->pCursor, &nRec);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto preupdate_old_out;
    aRec = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, nRec);
    if( !aRec ) goto preupdate_old_out;
    rc = sqlite3BtreeData(p->pCsr->pCursor, 0, nRec, aRec);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      p->pUnpacked = vdbeUnpackRecord(&p->keyinfo, nRec, aRec);
      if( !p->pUnpacked ) rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      sqlite3DbFree(db, aRec);
      goto preupdate_old_out;
    }
    p->aRecord = aRec;
  }

  if( iIdx>=p->pUnpacked->nField ){
    *ppValue = (sqlite3_value *)columnNullValue();
  }else{
    *ppValue = &p->pUnpacked->aMem[iIdx];
    if( iIdx==p->iPKey ){
      sqlite3VdbeMemSetInt64(*ppValue, p->iKey1);
    }
  }

 preupdate_old_out:
  sqlite3Error(db, rc);
  return sqlite3ApiExit(db, rc);
}
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_PREUPDATE_HOOK */

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_PREUPDATE_HOOK
/*
** This function is called from within a pre-update callback to retrieve
** the number of columns in the row being updated, deleted or inserted.
*/
int sqlite3_preupdate_count(sqlite3 *db){
  PreUpdate *p = db->pPreUpdate;
  return (p ? p->keyinfo.nField : 0);
}
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_PREUPDATE_HOOK */

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_PREUPDATE_HOOK
/*
** This function is designed to be called from within a pre-update callback
** only. It returns zero if the change that caused the callback was made
** immediately by a user SQL statement. Or, if the change was made by a
** trigger program, it returns the number of trigger programs currently
** on the stack (1 for a top-level trigger, 2 for a trigger fired by a 
** top-level trigger etc.).
**
** For the purposes of the previous paragraph, a foreign key CASCADE, SET NULL
** or SET DEFAULT action is considered a trigger.
*/
int sqlite3_preupdate_depth(sqlite3 *db){
  PreUpdate *p = db->pPreUpdate;
  return (p ? p->v->nFrame : 0);
}
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_PREUPDATE_HOOK */

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_PREUPDATE_HOOK
/*
** This function is called from within a pre-update callback to retrieve
** a field of the row currently being updated or inserted.
*/
int sqlite3_preupdate_new(sqlite3 *db, int iIdx, sqlite3_value **ppValue){
  PreUpdate *p = db->pPreUpdate;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  Mem *pMem;

  if( !p || p->op==SQLITE_DELETE ){
    rc = SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
    goto preupdate_new_out;
  }
  if( iIdx>=p->pCsr->nField || iIdx<0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_RANGE;
    goto preupdate_new_out;
  }

  if( p->op==SQLITE_INSERT ){
    /* For an INSERT, memory cell p->iNewReg contains the serialized record
    ** that is being inserted. Deserialize it. */
    UnpackedRecord *pUnpack = p->pNewUnpacked;
    if( !pUnpack ){
      Mem *pData = &p->v->aMem[p->iNewReg];
      rc = sqlite3VdbeMemExpandBlob(pData);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto preupdate_new_out;
      pUnpack = vdbeUnpackRecord(&p->keyinfo, pData->n, pData->z);
      if( !pUnpack ){
        rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
        goto preupdate_new_out;
      }
      p->pNewUnpacked = pUnpack;
    }
    if( iIdx>=pUnpack->nField ){
      pMem = (sqlite3_value *)columnNullValue();
    }else{
      pMem = &pUnpack->aMem[iIdx];
      if( iIdx==p->iPKey ){
        sqlite3VdbeMemSetInt64(pMem, p->iKey2);
      }
    }
  }else{
    /* For an UPDATE, memory cell (p->iNewReg+1+iIdx) contains the required
    ** value. Make a copy of the cell contents and return a pointer to it.
    ** It is not safe to return a pointer to the memory cell itself as the
    ** caller may modify the value text encoding.
    */
    assert( p->op==SQLITE_UPDATE );
    if( !p->aNew ){
      p->aNew = (Mem *)sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(Mem) * p->pCsr->nField);
      if( !p->aNew ){
        rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
        goto preupdate_new_out;
      }
    }
    assert( iIdx>=0 && iIdx<p->pCsr->nField );
    pMem = &p->aNew[iIdx];
    if( pMem->flags==0 ){
      if( iIdx==p->iPKey ){
        sqlite3VdbeMemSetInt64(pMem, p->iKey2);
      }else{
        rc = sqlite3VdbeMemCopy(pMem, &p->v->aMem[p->iNewReg+1+iIdx]);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto preupdate_new_out;
      }
    }
  }
  *ppValue = pMem;

 preupdate_new_out:
  sqlite3Error(db, rc);
  return sqlite3ApiExit(db, rc);
}
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_PREUPDATE_HOOK */