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/*
** 2001 September 15
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains C code routines that are called by the parser
** to handle DELETE FROM statements.
**
** $Id: delete.c,v 1.89 2004/11/16 15:50:20 danielk1977 Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"

/*
** Look up every table that is named in pSrc.  If any table is not found,
** add an error message to pParse->zErrMsg and return NULL.  If all tables
** are found, return a pointer to the last table.
*/
Table *sqlite3SrcListLookup(Parse *pParse, SrcList *pSrc){
  Table *pTab = 0;
  int i;
  struct SrcList_item *pItem;
  for(i=0, pItem=pSrc->a; i<pSrc->nSrc; i++, pItem++){
    pTab = sqlite3LocateTable(pParse, pItem->zName, pItem->zDatabase);
    pItem->pTab = pTab;
  }
  return pTab;
}

/*
** Check to make sure the given table is writable.  If it is not
** writable, generate an error message and return 1.  If it is
** writable return 0;
*/
int sqlite3IsReadOnly(Parse *pParse, Table *pTab, int viewOk){
  if( pTab->readOnly && (pParse->db->flags & SQLITE_WriteSchema)==0
        && pParse->nested==0 ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "table %s may not be modified", pTab->zName);
    return 1;
  }
  if( !viewOk && pTab->pSelect ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse,"cannot modify %s because it is a view",pTab->zName);
    return 1;
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** Generate code that will open a table for reading.
*/
void sqlite3OpenTableForReading(
  Vdbe *v,        /* Generate code into this VDBE */
  int iCur,       /* The cursor number of the table */
  Table *pTab     /* The table to be opened */
){
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Integer, pTab->iDb, 0);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_OpenRead, iCur, pTab->tnum);
  VdbeComment((v, "# %s", pTab->zName));
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_SetNumColumns, iCur, pTab->nCol);
}

/*
** Process a DELETE FROM statement.
*/
void sqlite3DeleteFrom(
  Parse *pParse,         /* The parser context */
  SrcList *pTabList,     /* The table from which we should delete things */
  Expr *pWhere           /* The WHERE clause.  May be null */
){
  Vdbe *v;               /* The virtual database engine */
  Table *pTab;           /* The table from which records will be deleted */
  const char *zDb;       /* Name of database holding pTab */
  int addr = 0;          /* A couple addresses of generated code */
  int i;                 /* Loop counter */
  WhereInfo *pWInfo;     /* Information about the WHERE clause */
  Index *pIdx;           /* For looping over indices of the table */
  int iCur;              /* VDBE Cursor number for pTab */
  sqlite3 *db;           /* Main database structure */
  AuthContext sContext;  /* Authorization context */
  int oldIdx = -1;       /* Cursor for the OLD table of AFTER triggers */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
  int isView;                  /* True if attempting to delete from a view */
  int row_triggers_exist = 0;  /* True if any triggers exist */
  int before_triggers;         /* True if there are BEFORE triggers */
  int after_triggers;          /* True if there are AFTER triggers */
#endif

  sContext.pParse = 0;
  if( pParse->nErr || sqlite3_malloc_failed ){
    pTabList = 0;
    goto delete_from_cleanup;
  }
  db = pParse->db;
  assert( pTabList->nSrc==1 );

  /* Locate the table which we want to delete.  This table has to be
  ** put in an SrcList structure because some of the subroutines we
  ** will be calling are designed to work with multiple tables and expect
  ** an SrcList* parameter instead of just a Table* parameter.
  */
  pTab = sqlite3SrcListLookup(pParse, pTabList);
  if( pTab==0 )  goto delete_from_cleanup;

  /* Figure out if we have any triggers and if the table being
  ** deleted from is a view
  */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
  before_triggers = sqlite3TriggersExist(pParse, pTab->pTrigger, 
                         TK_DELETE, TK_BEFORE, TK_ROW, 0);
  after_triggers = sqlite3TriggersExist(pParse, pTab->pTrigger, 
                         TK_DELETE, TK_AFTER, TK_ROW, 0);
  row_triggers_exist = before_triggers || after_triggers;
  isView = pTab->pSelect!=0;
#else
# define before_triggers 0
# define after_triggers 0
# define row_triggers_exist 0
# define isView 0
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW
# undef isView
# define isView 0
#endif

  if( sqlite3IsReadOnly(pParse, pTab, before_triggers) ){
    goto delete_from_cleanup;
  }
  assert( pTab->iDb<db->nDb );
  zDb = db->aDb[pTab->iDb].zName;
  if( sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_DELETE, pTab->zName, 0, zDb) ){
    goto delete_from_cleanup;
  }

  /* If pTab is really a view, make sure it has been initialized.
  */
  if( isView && sqlite3ViewGetColumnNames(pParse, pTab) ){
    goto delete_from_cleanup;
  }

  /* Allocate a cursor used to store the old.* data for a trigger.
  */
  if( row_triggers_exist ){ 
    oldIdx = pParse->nTab++;
  }

  /* Resolve the column names in all the expressions. Allocate cursors
  ** for the table and indices first, in case an expression needs to use
  ** a cursor (e.g. an IN() expression).
  */
  assert( pTabList->nSrc==1 );
  iCur = pTabList->a[0].iCursor = pParse->nTab++;
  for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
    pParse->nTab++;
  }
  if( sqlite3ExprResolveAndCheck(pParse, pTabList, 0, pWhere, 0, 0) ){
    goto delete_from_cleanup;
  }

  /* Start the view context
  */
  if( isView ){
    sqlite3AuthContextPush(pParse, &sContext, pTab->zName);
  }

  /* Begin generating code.
  */
  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( v==0 ){
    goto delete_from_cleanup;
  }
  if( pParse->nested==0 ) sqlite3VdbeCountChanges(v);
  sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, row_triggers_exist, pTab->iDb);

  /* If we are trying to delete from a view, construct that view into
  ** a temporary table.
  */
  if( isView ){
    Select *pView = sqlite3SelectDup(pTab->pSelect);
    sqlite3Select(pParse, pView, SRT_TempTable, iCur, 0, 0, 0, 0);
    sqlite3SelectDelete(pView);
  }

  /* Initialize the counter of the number of rows deleted, if
  ** we are counting rows.
  */
  if( db->flags & SQLITE_CountRows ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Integer, 0, 0);
  }

  /* Special case: A DELETE without a WHERE clause deletes everything.
  ** It is easier just to erase the whole table.  Note, however, that
  ** this means that the row change count will be incorrect.
  */
  if( pWhere==0 && !row_triggers_exist ){
    if( db->flags & SQLITE_CountRows ){
      /* If counting rows deleted, just count the total number of
      ** entries in the table. */
      int endOfLoop = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
      int addr;
      if( !isView ){
        sqlite3OpenTableForReading(v, iCur, pTab);
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Rewind, iCur, sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)+2);
      addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_AddImm, 1, 0);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Next, iCur, addr);
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, endOfLoop);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Close, iCur, 0);
    }
    if( !isView ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Clear, pTab->tnum, pTab->iDb);
      for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Clear, pIdx->tnum, pIdx->iDb);
      }
    }
  }

  /* The usual case: There is a WHERE clause so we have to scan through
  ** the table and pick which records to delete.
  */
  else{
    /* Ensure all required collation sequences are available. */
    for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
      if( sqlite3CheckIndexCollSeq(pParse, pIdx) ){
        goto delete_from_cleanup;
      }
    }

    /* Open the pseudo-table used to store OLD if there are triggers.
    */
    if( row_triggers_exist ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_OpenPseudo, oldIdx, 0);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_SetNumColumns, oldIdx, pTab->nCol);
    }

    /* Open cursors for the table and indices we are deleting from. */
    if( !isView ){
      sqlite3OpenTableAndIndices(pParse, pTab, iCur, OP_OpenWrite);
    }

    /* Begin the database scan
    */
    pWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(pParse, pTabList, pWhere, 0, 0, isView?0:iCur);
    if( pWInfo==0 ) goto delete_from_cleanup;
    addr = pWInfo->iContinue;

    /* If row-triggers exist, copy the record being deleted into the
    ** oldIdx psuedo-table. Then invoke the BEFORE triggers.
    */
    if( row_triggers_exist ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Recno, iCur, 0);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_RowData, iCur, 0);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_PutIntKey, oldIdx, 0);
      (void)sqlite3CodeRowTrigger(pParse, TK_DELETE, 0, TK_BEFORE, pTab, -1, 
          oldIdx, (pParse->trigStack)?pParse->trigStack->orconf:OE_Default,
	  addr);
    }

    /* Delete the row. Increment the callback value if the count-rows flag 
    ** is set. 
    */
    if( db->flags & SQLITE_CountRows ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_AddImm, 1, 0);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Recno, iCur, 0);
    sqlite3GenerateRowDelete(db, v, pTab, iCur, pParse->nested==0);

    /* Code the AFTER triggers.  */
    if( row_triggers_exist ){
      (void)sqlite3CodeRowTrigger(pParse, TK_DELETE, 0, TK_AFTER, pTab, -1, 
          oldIdx, (pParse->trigStack)?pParse->trigStack->orconf:OE_Default,
	  addr);
    }

    /* End the database scan loop and close indices. */
    sqlite3WhereEnd(pWInfo);
    for(i=1, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; i++, pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Close, iCur + i, pIdx->tnum);
    }
  }

  /*
  ** Return the number of rows that were deleted. If this routine is 
  ** generating code because of a call to sqlite3NestedParse(), do not
  ** invoke the callback function.
  */
  if( db->flags & SQLITE_CountRows && pParse->nested==0 ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Callback, 1, 0);
    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, "rows deleted", P3_STATIC);
  }

delete_from_cleanup:
  sqlite3AuthContextPop(&sContext);
  sqlite3SrcListDelete(pTabList);
  sqlite3ExprDelete(pWhere);
  return;
}

/*
** This routine generates VDBE code that causes a single row of a
** single table to be deleted.
**
** The VDBE must be in a particular state when this routine is called.
** These are the requirements:
**
**   1.  A read/write cursor pointing to pTab, the table containing the row
**       to be deleted, must be opened as cursor number "base".
**
**   2.  Read/write cursors for all indices of pTab must be open as
**       cursor number base+i for the i-th index.
**
**   3.  The record number of the row to be deleted must be on the top
**       of the stack.
**
** This routine pops the top of the stack to remove the record number
** and then generates code to remove both the table record and all index
** entries that point to that record.
*/
void sqlite3GenerateRowDelete(
  sqlite3 *db,       /* The database containing the index */
  Vdbe *v,           /* Generate code into this VDBE */
  Table *pTab,       /* Table containing the row to be deleted */
  int iCur,          /* Cursor number for the table */
  int count          /* Increment the row change counter */
){
  int addr;
  addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_NotExists, iCur, 0);
  sqlite3GenerateRowIndexDelete(db, v, pTab, iCur, 0);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Delete, iCur, (count?OPFLAG_NCHANGE:0));
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP2(v, addr, sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v));
}

/*
** This routine generates VDBE code that causes the deletion of all
** index entries associated with a single row of a single table.
**
** The VDBE must be in a particular state when this routine is called.
** These are the requirements:
**
**   1.  A read/write cursor pointing to pTab, the table containing the row
**       to be deleted, must be opened as cursor number "iCur".
**
**   2.  Read/write cursors for all indices of pTab must be open as
**       cursor number iCur+i for the i-th index.
**
**   3.  The "iCur" cursor must be pointing to the row that is to be
**       deleted.
*/
void sqlite3GenerateRowIndexDelete(
  sqlite3 *db,       /* The database containing the index */
  Vdbe *v,           /* Generate code into this VDBE */
  Table *pTab,       /* Table containing the row to be deleted */
  int iCur,          /* Cursor number for the table */
  char *aIdxUsed     /* Only delete if aIdxUsed!=0 && aIdxUsed[i]!=0 */
){
  int i;
  Index *pIdx;

  for(i=1, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; i++, pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
    if( aIdxUsed!=0 && aIdxUsed[i-1]==0 ) continue;
    sqlite3GenerateIndexKey(v, pIdx, iCur);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_IdxDelete, iCur+i, 0);
  }
}

/*
** Generate code that will assemble an index key and put it on the top
** of the tack.  The key with be for index pIdx which is an index on pTab.
** iCur is the index of a cursor open on the pTab table and pointing to
** the entry that needs indexing.
*/
void sqlite3GenerateIndexKey(
  Vdbe *v,           /* Generate code into this VDBE */
  Index *pIdx,       /* The index for which to generate a key */
  int iCur           /* Cursor number for the pIdx->pTable table */
){
  int j;
  Table *pTab = pIdx->pTable;

  sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Recno, iCur, 0);
  for(j=0; j<pIdx->nColumn; j++){
    int idx = pIdx->aiColumn[j];
    if( idx==pTab->iPKey ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Dup, j, 0);
    }else{
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Column, iCur, idx);
    }
  }
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_MakeRecord, pIdx->nColumn, (1<<24));
  sqlite3IndexAffinityStr(v, pIdx);
}