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Overview
Comment:Update to android studio and build tools; modifications to support down to API level 9; new tests; sqlite 3.18.00
Downloads: Tarball | ZIP archive | SQL archive
Timelines: family | ancestors | descendants | both | api-level-9
Files: files | file ages | folders
SHA1:4a9598aa1474bb50e240b64212ed323c81838be6
User & Date: pjw 2017-04-22 01:36:40
Context
2017-04-22
14:24
Close databases for all tests to avoid annoying debugger messages check-in: d3b3c801ac user: pjw tags: api-level-9
01:36
Update to android studio and build tools; modifications to support down to API level 9; new tests; sqlite 3.18.00 check-in: 4a9598aa14 user: pjw tags: api-level-9
2016-05-20
18:45
Update to Android Studio and gradle build system. Closed-Leaf check-in: f82877032c user: dan tags: api-level-15
Changes
Hide Diffs Unified Diffs Ignore Whitespace Patch

Changes to build.gradle.

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// Top-level build file where you can add configuration options common to all sub-projects/modules.

buildscript {
    repositories {
        jcenter()
    }
    dependencies {
        classpath 'com.android.tools.build:gradle:2.1.0'

        // NOTE: Do not place your application dependencies here; they belong
        // in the individual module build.gradle files
    }
}

allprojects {







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// Top-level build file where you can add configuration options common to all sub-projects/modules.

buildscript {
    repositories {
        jcenter()
    }
    dependencies {
        classpath 'com.android.tools.build:gradle:2.3.1'

        // NOTE: Do not place your application dependencies here; they belong
        // in the individual module build.gradle files
    }
}

allprojects {

Changes to gradle.properties.

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# When configured, Gradle will run in incubating parallel mode.
# This option should only be used with decoupled projects. More details, visit
# http://www.gradle.org/docs/current/userguide/multi_project_builds.html#sec:decoupled_projects
# org.gradle.parallel=true

android.useDeprecatedNdk true








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# When configured, Gradle will run in incubating parallel mode.
# This option should only be used with decoupled projects. More details, visit
# http://www.gradle.org/docs/current/userguide/multi_project_builds.html#sec:decoupled_projects
# org.gradle.parallel=true

android.useDeprecatedNdk true
org.gradle.jvmargs=-Xmx1536M

Changes to gradle/wrapper/gradle-wrapper.properties.

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#Mon Dec 28 10:00:20 PST 2015
distributionBase=GRADLE_USER_HOME
distributionPath=wrapper/dists
zipStoreBase=GRADLE_USER_HOME
zipStorePath=wrapper/dists
distributionUrl=https\://services.gradle.org/distributions/gradle-2.10-all.zip
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#Wed Apr 19 23:03:53 AEST 2017
distributionBase=GRADLE_USER_HOME
distributionPath=wrapper/dists
zipStoreBase=GRADLE_USER_HOME
zipStorePath=wrapper/dists
distributionUrl=https\://services.gradle.org/distributions/gradle-3.3-all.zip

Changes to gradlew.

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#!/usr/bin/env bash

##############################################################################
##
##  Gradle start up script for UN*X
##
##############################################################################

# Add default JVM options here. You can also use JAVA_OPTS and GRADLE_OPTS to pass JVM options to this script.
DEFAULT_JVM_OPTS=""

















APP_NAME="Gradle"
APP_BASE_NAME=`basename "$0"`




# Use the maximum available, or set MAX_FD != -1 to use that value.
MAX_FD="maximum"

warn ( ) {
    echo "$*"
}
................................................................................
    exit 1
}

# OS specific support (must be 'true' or 'false').
cygwin=false
msys=false
darwin=false

case "`uname`" in
  CYGWIN* )
    cygwin=true
    ;;
  Darwin* )
    darwin=true
    ;;
  MINGW* )
    msys=true
    ;;



esac

# Attempt to set APP_HOME
# Resolve links: $0 may be a link
PRG="$0"
# Need this for relative symlinks.
while [ -h "$PRG" ] ; do
    ls=`ls -ld "$PRG"`
    link=`expr "$ls" : '.*-> \(.*\)$'`
    if expr "$link" : '/.*' > /dev/null; then
        PRG="$link"
    else
        PRG=`dirname "$PRG"`"/$link"
    fi
done
SAVED="`pwd`"
cd "`dirname \"$PRG\"`/" >/dev/null
APP_HOME="`pwd -P`"
cd "$SAVED" >/dev/null

CLASSPATH=$APP_HOME/gradle/wrapper/gradle-wrapper.jar

# Determine the Java command to use to start the JVM.
if [ -n "$JAVA_HOME" ] ; then
    if [ -x "$JAVA_HOME/jre/sh/java" ] ; then
        # IBM's JDK on AIX uses strange locations for the executables
        JAVACMD="$JAVA_HOME/jre/sh/java"
................................................................................
    which java >/dev/null 2>&1 || die "ERROR: JAVA_HOME is not set and no 'java' command could be found in your PATH.

Please set the JAVA_HOME variable in your environment to match the
location of your Java installation."
fi

# Increase the maximum file descriptors if we can.
if [ "$cygwin" = "false" -a "$darwin" = "false" ] ; then
    MAX_FD_LIMIT=`ulimit -H -n`
    if [ $? -eq 0 ] ; then
        if [ "$MAX_FD" = "maximum" -o "$MAX_FD" = "max" ] ; then
            MAX_FD="$MAX_FD_LIMIT"
        fi
        ulimit -n $MAX_FD
        if [ $? -ne 0 ] ; then
................................................................................
        (6) set -- "$args0" "$args1" "$args2" "$args3" "$args4" "$args5" ;;
        (7) set -- "$args0" "$args1" "$args2" "$args3" "$args4" "$args5" "$args6" ;;
        (8) set -- "$args0" "$args1" "$args2" "$args3" "$args4" "$args5" "$args6" "$args7" ;;
        (9) set -- "$args0" "$args1" "$args2" "$args3" "$args4" "$args5" "$args6" "$args7" "$args8" ;;
    esac
fi

# Split up the JVM_OPTS And GRADLE_OPTS values into an array, following the shell quoting and substitution rules
function splitJvmOpts() {
    JVM_OPTS=("$@")
}
eval splitJvmOpts $DEFAULT_JVM_OPTS $JAVA_OPTS $GRADLE_OPTS
JVM_OPTS[${#JVM_OPTS[*]}]="-Dorg.gradle.appname=$APP_BASE_NAME"

exec "$JAVACMD" "${JVM_OPTS[@]}" -classpath "$CLASSPATH" org.gradle.wrapper.GradleWrapperMain "$@"







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#!/usr/bin/env sh

##############################################################################
##
##  Gradle start up script for UN*X
##
##############################################################################

# Attempt to set APP_HOME

# Resolve links: $0 may be a link
PRG="$0"
# Need this for relative symlinks.
while [ -h "$PRG" ] ; do
    ls=`ls -ld "$PRG"`
    link=`expr "$ls" : '.*-> \(.*\)$'`
    if expr "$link" : '/.*' > /dev/null; then
        PRG="$link"
    else
        PRG=`dirname "$PRG"`"/$link"
    fi
done
SAVED="`pwd`"
cd "`dirname \"$PRG\"`/" >/dev/null
APP_HOME="`pwd -P`"
cd "$SAVED" >/dev/null

APP_NAME="Gradle"
APP_BASE_NAME=`basename "$0"`

# Add default JVM options here. You can also use JAVA_OPTS and GRADLE_OPTS to pass JVM options to this script.
DEFAULT_JVM_OPTS=""

# Use the maximum available, or set MAX_FD != -1 to use that value.
MAX_FD="maximum"

warn ( ) {
    echo "$*"
}
................................................................................
    exit 1
}

# OS specific support (must be 'true' or 'false').
cygwin=false
msys=false
darwin=false
nonstop=false
case "`uname`" in
  CYGWIN* )
    cygwin=true
    ;;
  Darwin* )
    darwin=true
    ;;
  MINGW* )
    msys=true
    ;;
  NONSTOP* )
    nonstop=true
    ;;
esac



















CLASSPATH=$APP_HOME/gradle/wrapper/gradle-wrapper.jar

# Determine the Java command to use to start the JVM.
if [ -n "$JAVA_HOME" ] ; then
    if [ -x "$JAVA_HOME/jre/sh/java" ] ; then
        # IBM's JDK on AIX uses strange locations for the executables
        JAVACMD="$JAVA_HOME/jre/sh/java"
................................................................................
    which java >/dev/null 2>&1 || die "ERROR: JAVA_HOME is not set and no 'java' command could be found in your PATH.

Please set the JAVA_HOME variable in your environment to match the
location of your Java installation."
fi

# Increase the maximum file descriptors if we can.
if [ "$cygwin" = "false" -a "$darwin" = "false" -a "$nonstop" = "false" ] ; then
    MAX_FD_LIMIT=`ulimit -H -n`
    if [ $? -eq 0 ] ; then
        if [ "$MAX_FD" = "maximum" -o "$MAX_FD" = "max" ] ; then
            MAX_FD="$MAX_FD_LIMIT"
        fi
        ulimit -n $MAX_FD
        if [ $? -ne 0 ] ; then
................................................................................
        (6) set -- "$args0" "$args1" "$args2" "$args3" "$args4" "$args5" ;;
        (7) set -- "$args0" "$args1" "$args2" "$args3" "$args4" "$args5" "$args6" ;;
        (8) set -- "$args0" "$args1" "$args2" "$args3" "$args4" "$args5" "$args6" "$args7" ;;
        (9) set -- "$args0" "$args1" "$args2" "$args3" "$args4" "$args5" "$args6" "$args7" "$args8" ;;
    esac
fi

# Escape application args
for s in "${@}" ; do
    s=\"$s\"
    APP_ARGS=$APP_ARGS" "$s
done

# Collect all arguments for the java command, following the shell quoting and substitution rules
eval set -- "$DEFAULT_JVM_OPTS" "$JAVA_OPTS" "$GRADLE_OPTS" "\"-Dorg.gradle.appname=$APP_BASE_NAME\"" -classpath "\"$CLASSPATH\"" org.gradle.wrapper.GradleWrapperMain "$APP_ARGS"

# by default we should be in the correct project dir, but when run from Finder on Mac, the cwd is wrong
if [ "$(uname)" = "Darwin" ] && [ "$HOME" = "$PWD" ]; then
  cd "$(dirname "$0")"
fi

exec "$JAVACMD" "$@"

Changes to gradlew.bat.

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@rem  Gradle startup script for Windows
@rem
@rem ##########################################################################

@rem Set local scope for the variables with windows NT shell
if "%OS%"=="Windows_NT" setlocal

@rem Add default JVM options here. You can also use JAVA_OPTS and GRADLE_OPTS to pass JVM options to this script.
set DEFAULT_JVM_OPTS=

set DIRNAME=%~dp0
if "%DIRNAME%" == "" set DIRNAME=.
set APP_BASE_NAME=%~n0
set APP_HOME=%DIRNAME%




@rem Find java.exe
if defined JAVA_HOME goto findJavaFromJavaHome

set JAVA_EXE=java.exe
%JAVA_EXE% -version >NUL 2>&1
if "%ERRORLEVEL%" == "0" goto init
................................................................................
echo.
echo Please set the JAVA_HOME variable in your environment to match the
echo location of your Java installation.

goto fail

:init
@rem Get command-line arguments, handling Windowz variants

if not "%OS%" == "Windows_NT" goto win9xME_args
if "%@eval[2+2]" == "4" goto 4NT_args

:win9xME_args
@rem Slurp the command line arguments.
set CMD_LINE_ARGS=
set _SKIP=2

:win9xME_args_slurp
if "x%~1" == "x" goto execute

set CMD_LINE_ARGS=%*
goto execute

:4NT_args
@rem Get arguments from the 4NT Shell from JP Software
set CMD_LINE_ARGS=%$

:execute
@rem Setup the command line

set CLASSPATH=%APP_HOME%\gradle\wrapper\gradle-wrapper.jar

@rem Execute Gradle







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@rem  Gradle startup script for Windows
@rem
@rem ##########################################################################

@rem Set local scope for the variables with windows NT shell
if "%OS%"=="Windows_NT" setlocal




set DIRNAME=%~dp0
if "%DIRNAME%" == "" set DIRNAME=.
set APP_BASE_NAME=%~n0
set APP_HOME=%DIRNAME%

@rem Add default JVM options here. You can also use JAVA_OPTS and GRADLE_OPTS to pass JVM options to this script.
set DEFAULT_JVM_OPTS=

@rem Find java.exe
if defined JAVA_HOME goto findJavaFromJavaHome

set JAVA_EXE=java.exe
%JAVA_EXE% -version >NUL 2>&1
if "%ERRORLEVEL%" == "0" goto init
................................................................................
echo.
echo Please set the JAVA_HOME variable in your environment to match the
echo location of your Java installation.

goto fail

:init
@rem Get command-line arguments, handling Windows variants

if not "%OS%" == "Windows_NT" goto win9xME_args


:win9xME_args
@rem Slurp the command line arguments.
set CMD_LINE_ARGS=
set _SKIP=2

:win9xME_args_slurp
if "x%~1" == "x" goto execute

set CMD_LINE_ARGS=%*






:execute
@rem Setup the command line

set CLASSPATH=%APP_HOME%\gradle\wrapper\gradle-wrapper.jar

@rem Execute Gradle

Changes to sqlite3/build.gradle.

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apply plugin: 'com.android.library'

android {
    compileSdkVersion 15
    buildToolsVersion "23.0.3"
    defaultConfig {
        minSdkVersion 15
        targetSdkVersion 23
        versionCode 1
        versionName "1.0"
    }
    buildTypes {
        release {
            minifyEnabled false
            proguardFiles getDefaultProguardFile('proguard-android.txt'), 'proguard-rules.pro'
................................................................................
    productFlavors {
    }
}

dependencies {
    compile fileTree(include: ['*.jar'], dir: 'libs')
    testCompile 'junit:junit:4.12'
    compile 'com.android.support:appcompat-v7:23.4.0'
}



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apply plugin: 'com.android.library'

android {
    compileSdkVersion 25
    buildToolsVersion "25.0.2"
    defaultConfig {
        minSdkVersion 9 // 9 for parkNanos // 13 for ParcelFileDescriptor.adoptFd;  12 //for LruCache 7
        targetSdkVersion 25
        versionCode 1
        versionName "1.0"
    }
    buildTypes {
        release {
            minifyEnabled false
            proguardFiles getDefaultProguardFile('proguard-android.txt'), 'proguard-rules.pro'
................................................................................
    productFlavors {
    }
}

dependencies {
    compile fileTree(include: ['*.jar'], dir: 'libs')
    testCompile 'junit:junit:4.12'

}

Added sqlite3/src/main/java/org/sqlite/database/sqlite/DatabaseUtils.java.





















































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































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package org.sqlite.database.sqlite;

/**
 * Created by pjw on 20-Apr-2017.
 */

import android.content.ContentValues;
import android.content.Context;
import android.content.OperationApplicationException;
import android.database.AbstractWindowedCursor;
import android.database.Cursor;
import android.database.CursorWindow;
import android.database.DatabaseUtils.InsertHelper;
import android.database.SQLException;
import android.database.sqlite.SQLiteAbortException;
import android.database.sqlite.SQLiteConstraintException;
import android.database.sqlite.SQLiteDatabase;
import android.database.sqlite.SQLiteDatabaseCorruptException;
import android.database.sqlite.SQLiteDiskIOException;
import android.database.sqlite.SQLiteException;
import android.database.sqlite.SQLiteFullException;
import android.database.sqlite.SQLiteProgram;
import android.database.sqlite.SQLiteStatement;
//import android.os.OperationCanceledException;
import android.os.Parcel;
import android.os.ParcelFileDescriptor;
import android.text.TextUtils;
import android.util.Log;

import org.sqlite.os.OperationCanceledException;

import java.io.FileNotFoundException;
import java.io.PrintStream;
import java.text.Collator;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Locale;
import java.util.Map;

/**
 * Static utility methods for dealing with databases and {@link Cursor}s.
 */
public class DatabaseUtils {
	private static final String TAG = "DatabaseUtils";

	private static final boolean DEBUG = false;

	/** One of the values returned by {@link #getSqlStatementType(String)}. */
	public static final int STATEMENT_SELECT = 1;
	/** One of the values returned by {@link #getSqlStatementType(String)}. */
	public static final int STATEMENT_UPDATE = 2;
	/** One of the values returned by {@link #getSqlStatementType(String)}. */
	public static final int STATEMENT_ATTACH = 3;
	/** One of the values returned by {@link #getSqlStatementType(String)}. */
	public static final int STATEMENT_BEGIN = 4;
	/** One of the values returned by {@link #getSqlStatementType(String)}. */
	public static final int STATEMENT_COMMIT = 5;
	/** One of the values returned by {@link #getSqlStatementType(String)}. */
	public static final int STATEMENT_ABORT = 6;
	/** One of the values returned by {@link #getSqlStatementType(String)}. */
	public static final int STATEMENT_PRAGMA = 7;
	/** One of the values returned by {@link #getSqlStatementType(String)}. */
	public static final int STATEMENT_DDL = 8;
	/** One of the values returned by {@link #getSqlStatementType(String)}. */
	public static final int STATEMENT_UNPREPARED = 9;
	/** One of the values returned by {@link #getSqlStatementType(String)}. */
	public static final int STATEMENT_OTHER = 99;

	/**
	 * Special function for writing an exception result at the header of
	 * a parcel, to be used when returning an exception from a transaction.
	 * exception will be re-thrown by the function in another process
	 * @param reply Parcel to write to
	 * @param e The Exception to be written.
	 * @see Parcel#writeNoException
	 * @see Parcel#writeException
	 */
	public static final void writeExceptionToParcel(Parcel reply, Exception e) {
		int code = 0;
		boolean logException = true;
		if (e instanceof FileNotFoundException) {
			code = 1;
			logException = false;
		} else if (e instanceof IllegalArgumentException) {
			code = 2;
		} else if (e instanceof UnsupportedOperationException) {
			code = 3;
		} else if (e instanceof SQLiteAbortException) {
			code = 4;
		} else if (e instanceof SQLiteConstraintException) {
			code = 5;
		} else if (e instanceof SQLiteDatabaseCorruptException) {
			code = 6;
		} else if (e instanceof SQLiteFullException) {
			code = 7;
		} else if (e instanceof SQLiteDiskIOException) {
			code = 8;
		} else if (e instanceof SQLiteException) {
			code = 9;
		} else if (e instanceof OperationApplicationException) {
			code = 10;
		} else if (e instanceof OperationCanceledException) {
			code = 11;
			logException = false;
		} else {
			reply.writeException(e);
			Log.e(TAG, "Writing exception to parcel", e);
			return;
		}
		reply.writeInt(code);
		reply.writeString(e.getMessage());

		if (logException) {
			Log.e(TAG, "Writing exception to parcel", e);
		}
	}

	/**
	 * Special function for reading an exception result from the header of
	 * a parcel, to be used after receiving the result of a transaction.  This
	 * will throw the exception for you if it had been written to the Parcel,
	 * otherwise return and let you read the normal result data from the Parcel.
	 * @param reply Parcel to read from
	 * @see Parcel#writeNoException
	 * @see Parcel#readException
	 */
//	public static final void readExceptionFromParcel(Parcel reply) {
//		int code = reply.readExceptionCode();
//		if (code == 0) return;
//		String msg = reply.readString();
//		android.database.DatabaseUtils.readExceptionFromParcel(reply, msg, code);
//	}
//
//	public static void readExceptionWithFileNotFoundExceptionFromParcel(
//			Parcel reply) throws FileNotFoundException {
//		int code = reply.readExceptionCode();
//		if (code == 0) return;
//		String msg = reply.readString();
//		if (code == 1) {
//			throw new FileNotFoundException(msg);
//		} else {
//			android.database.DatabaseUtils.readExceptionFromParcel(reply, msg, code);
//		}
//	}
//
//	public static void readExceptionWithOperationApplicationExceptionFromParcel(
//			Parcel reply) throws OperationApplicationException {
//		int code = reply.readExceptionCode();
//		if (code == 0) return;
//		String msg = reply.readString();
//		if (code == 10) {
//			throw new OperationApplicationException(msg);
//		} else {
//			android.database.DatabaseUtils.readExceptionFromParcel(reply, msg, code);
//		}
//	}

	private static final void readExceptionFromParcel(Parcel reply, String msg, int code) {
		switch (code) {
			case 2:
				throw new IllegalArgumentException(msg);
			case 3:
				throw new UnsupportedOperationException(msg);
			case 4:
				throw new SQLiteAbortException(msg);
			case 5:
				throw new SQLiteConstraintException(msg);
			case 6:
				throw new SQLiteDatabaseCorruptException(msg);
			case 7:
				throw new SQLiteFullException(msg);
			case 8:
				throw new SQLiteDiskIOException(msg);
			case 9:
				throw new SQLiteException(msg);
			case 11:
				throw new OperationCanceledException(msg);
			default:
				reply.readException(code, msg);
		}
	}

	/**
	 * Binds the given Object to the given SQLiteProgram using the proper
	 * typing. For example, bind numbers as longs/doubles, and everything else
	 * as a string by call toString() on it.
	 *
	 * @param prog the program to bind the object to
	 * @param index the 1-based index to bind at
	 * @param value the value to bind
	 */
	public static void bindObjectToProgram(SQLiteProgram prog, int index,
										   Object value) {
		if (value == null) {
			prog.bindNull(index);
		} else if (value instanceof Double || value instanceof Float) {
			prog.bindDouble(index, ((Number)value).doubleValue());
		} else if (value instanceof Number) {
			prog.bindLong(index, ((Number)value).longValue());
		} else if (value instanceof Boolean) {
			Boolean bool = (Boolean)value;
			if (bool) {
				prog.bindLong(index, 1);
			} else {
				prog.bindLong(index, 0);
			}
		} else if (value instanceof byte[]){
			prog.bindBlob(index, (byte[]) value);
		} else {
			prog.bindString(index, value.toString());
		}
	}

	/**
	 * Returns data type of the given object's value.
	 *<p>
	 * Returned values are
	 * <ul>
	 *   <li>{@link Cursor#FIELD_TYPE_NULL}</li>
	 *   <li>{@link Cursor#FIELD_TYPE_INTEGER}</li>
	 *   <li>{@link Cursor#FIELD_TYPE_FLOAT}</li>
	 *   <li>{@link Cursor#FIELD_TYPE_STRING}</li>
	 *   <li>{@link Cursor#FIELD_TYPE_BLOB}</li>
	 *</ul>
	 *</p>
	 *
	 * @param obj the object whose value type is to be returned
	 * @return object value type
	 * @hide
	 */
	public static int getTypeOfObject(Object obj) {
		if (obj == null) {
			return Cursor.FIELD_TYPE_NULL;
		} else if (obj instanceof byte[]) {
			return Cursor.FIELD_TYPE_BLOB;
		} else if (obj instanceof Float || obj instanceof Double) {
			return Cursor.FIELD_TYPE_FLOAT;
		} else if (obj instanceof Long || obj instanceof Integer
				|| obj instanceof Short || obj instanceof Byte) {
			return Cursor.FIELD_TYPE_INTEGER;
		} else {
			return Cursor.FIELD_TYPE_STRING;
		}
	}

	/**
	 * Fills the specified cursor window by iterating over the contents of the cursor.
	 * The window is filled until the cursor is exhausted or the window runs out
	 * of space.
	 *
	 * The original position of the cursor is left unchanged by this operation.
	 *
	 * @param cursor The cursor that contains the data to put in the window.
	 * @param position The start position for filling the window.
	 * @param window The window to fill.
	 * @hide
	 */
	public static void cursorFillWindow(final Cursor cursor,
										int position, final CursorWindow window) {
		if (position < 0 || position >= cursor.getCount()) {
			return;
		}
		final int oldPos = cursor.getPosition();
		final int numColumns = cursor.getColumnCount();
		window.clear();
		window.setStartPosition(position);
		window.setNumColumns(numColumns);
		if (cursor.moveToPosition(position)) {
			rowloop: do {
				if (!window.allocRow()) {
					break;
				}
				for (int i = 0; i < numColumns; i++) {
					final int type = cursor.getType(i);
					final boolean success;
					switch (type) {
						case Cursor.FIELD_TYPE_NULL:
							success = window.putNull(position, i);
							break;

						case Cursor.FIELD_TYPE_INTEGER:
							success = window.putLong(cursor.getLong(i), position, i);
							break;

						case Cursor.FIELD_TYPE_FLOAT:
							success = window.putDouble(cursor.getDouble(i), position, i);
							break;

						case Cursor.FIELD_TYPE_BLOB: {
							final byte[] value = cursor.getBlob(i);
							success = value != null ? window.putBlob(value, position, i)
									: window.putNull(position, i);
							break;
						}

						default: // assume value is convertible to String
						case Cursor.FIELD_TYPE_STRING: {
							final String value = cursor.getString(i);
							success = value != null ? window.putString(value, position, i)
									: window.putNull(position, i);
							break;
						}
					}
					if (!success) {
						window.freeLastRow();
						break rowloop;
					}
				}
				position += 1;
			} while (cursor.moveToNext());
		}
		cursor.moveToPosition(oldPos);
	}

	/**
	 * Appends an SQL string to the given StringBuilder, including the opening
	 * and closing single quotes. Any single quotes internal to sqlString will
	 * be escaped.
	 *
	 * This method is deprecated because we want to encourage everyone
	 * to use the "?" binding form.  However, when implementing a
	 * ContentProvider, one may want to add WHERE clauses that were
	 * not provided by the caller.  Since "?" is a positional form,
	 * using it in this case could break the caller because the
	 * indexes would be shifted to accomodate the ContentProvider's
	 * internal bindings.  In that case, it may be necessary to
	 * construct a WHERE clause manually.  This method is useful for
	 * those cases.
	 *
	 * @param sb the StringBuilder that the SQL string will be appended to
	 * @param sqlString the raw string to be appended, which may contain single
	 *                  quotes
	 */
	public static void appendEscapedSQLString(StringBuilder sb, String sqlString) {
		sb.append('\'');
		if (sqlString.indexOf('\'') != -1) {
			int length = sqlString.length();
			for (int i = 0; i < length; i++) {
				char c = sqlString.charAt(i);
				if (c == '\'') {
					sb.append('\'');
				}
				sb.append(c);
			}
		} else
			sb.append(sqlString);
		sb.append('\'');
	}

	/**
	 * SQL-escape a string.
	 */
	public static String sqlEscapeString(String value) {
		StringBuilder escaper = new StringBuilder();

		android.database.DatabaseUtils.appendEscapedSQLString(escaper, value);

		return escaper.toString();
	}

	/**
	 * Appends an Object to an SQL string with the proper escaping, etc.
	 */
	public static final void appendValueToSql(StringBuilder sql, Object value) {
		if (value == null) {
			sql.append("NULL");
		} else if (value instanceof Boolean) {
			Boolean bool = (Boolean)value;
			if (bool) {
				sql.append('1');
			} else {
				sql.append('0');
			}
		} else {
			appendEscapedSQLString(sql, value.toString());
		}
	}

	/**
	 * Concatenates two SQL WHERE clauses, handling empty or null values.
	 */
	public static String concatenateWhere(String a, String b) {
		if (TextUtils.isEmpty(a)) {
			return b;
		}
		if (TextUtils.isEmpty(b)) {
			return a;
		}

		return "(" + a + ") AND (" + b + ")";
	}

	/**
	 * return the collation key
	 * @param name
	 * @return the collation key
	 */
	public static String getCollationKey(String name) {
		byte [] arr = getCollationKeyInBytes(name);
		try {
			return new String(arr, 0, getKeyLen(arr), "ISO8859_1");
		} catch (Exception ex) {
			return "";
		}
	}

	/**
	 * return the collation key in hex format
	 * @param name
	 * @return the collation key in hex format
	 */
	public static String getHexCollationKey(String name) {
		byte[] arr = getCollationKeyInBytes(name);
		char[] keys = encodeHex(arr);
		return new String(keys, 0, getKeyLen(arr) * 2);
	}


	/**
	 * Used building output as Hex
	 */
	private static final char[] DIGITS = {
			'0', '1', '2', '3', '4', '5', '6', '7',
			'8', '9', 'a', 'b', 'c', 'd', 'e', 'f'
	};

	private static char[] encodeHex(byte[] input) {
		int l = input.length;
		char[] out = new char[l << 1];

		// two characters form the hex value.
		for (int i = 0, j = 0; i < l; i++) {
			out[j++] = DIGITS[(0xF0 & input[i]) >>> 4 ];
			out[j++] = DIGITS[ 0x0F & input[i] ];
		}

		return out;
	}

	private static int getKeyLen(byte[] arr) {
		if (arr[arr.length - 1] != 0) {
			return arr.length;
		} else {
			// remove zero "termination"
			return arr.length-1;
		}
	}

	private static byte[] getCollationKeyInBytes(String name) {
		if (mColl == null) {
			mColl = Collator.getInstance();
			mColl.setStrength(Collator.PRIMARY);
		}
		return mColl.getCollationKey(name).toByteArray();
	}

	private static Collator mColl = null;
	/**
	 * Prints the contents of a Cursor to System.out. The position is restored
	 * after printing.
	 *
	 * @param cursor the cursor to print
	 */
	public static void dumpCursor(Cursor cursor) {
		dumpCursor(cursor, System.out);
	}

	/**
	 * Prints the contents of a Cursor to a PrintSteam. The position is restored
	 * after printing.
	 *
	 * @param cursor the cursor to print
	 * @param stream the stream to print to
	 */
	public static void dumpCursor(Cursor cursor, PrintStream stream) {
		stream.println(">>>>> Dumping cursor " + cursor);
		if (cursor != null) {
			int startPos = cursor.getPosition();

			cursor.moveToPosition(-1);
			while (cursor.moveToNext()) {
				dumpCurrentRow(cursor, stream);
			}
			cursor.moveToPosition(startPos);
		}
		stream.println("<<<<<");
	}

	/**
	 * Prints the contents of a Cursor to a StringBuilder. The position
	 * is restored after printing.
	 *
	 * @param cursor the cursor to print
	 * @param sb the StringBuilder to print to
	 */
	public static void dumpCursor(Cursor cursor, StringBuilder sb) {
		sb.append(">>>>> Dumping cursor " + cursor + "\n");
		if (cursor != null) {
			int startPos = cursor.getPosition();

			cursor.moveToPosition(-1);
			while (cursor.moveToNext()) {
				dumpCurrentRow(cursor, sb);
			}
			cursor.moveToPosition(startPos);
		}
		sb.append("<<<<<\n");
	}

	/**
	 * Prints the contents of a Cursor to a String. The position is restored
	 * after printing.
	 *
	 * @param cursor the cursor to print
	 * @return a String that contains the dumped cursor
	 */
	public static String dumpCursorToString(Cursor cursor) {
		StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
		dumpCursor(cursor, sb);
		return sb.toString();
	}

	/**
	 * Prints the contents of a Cursor's current row to System.out.
	 *
	 * @param cursor the cursor to print from
	 */
	public static void dumpCurrentRow(Cursor cursor) {
		dumpCurrentRow(cursor, System.out);
	}

	/**
	 * Prints the contents of a Cursor's current row to a PrintSteam.
	 *
	 * @param cursor the cursor to print
	 * @param stream the stream to print to
	 */
	public static void dumpCurrentRow(Cursor cursor, PrintStream stream) {
		String[] cols = cursor.getColumnNames();
		stream.println("" + cursor.getPosition() + " {");
		int length = cols.length;
		for (int i = 0; i< length; i++) {
			String value;
			try {
				value = cursor.getString(i);
			} catch (SQLiteException e) {
				// assume that if the getString threw this exception then the column is not
				// representable by a string, e.g. it is a BLOB.
				value = "<unprintable>";
			}
			stream.println("   " + cols[i] + '=' + value);
		}
		stream.println("}");
	}

	/**
	 * Prints the contents of a Cursor's current row to a StringBuilder.
	 *
	 * @param cursor the cursor to print
	 * @param sb the StringBuilder to print to
	 */
	public static void dumpCurrentRow(Cursor cursor, StringBuilder sb) {
		String[] cols = cursor.getColumnNames();
		sb.append("" + cursor.getPosition() + " {\n");
		int length = cols.length;
		for (int i = 0; i < length; i++) {
			String value;
			try {
				value = cursor.getString(i);
			} catch (SQLiteException e) {
				// assume that if the getString threw this exception then the column is not
				// representable by a string, e.g. it is a BLOB.
				value = "<unprintable>";
			}
			sb.append("   " + cols[i] + '=' + value + "\n");
		}
		sb.append("}\n");
	}

	/**
	 * Dump the contents of a Cursor's current row to a String.
	 *
	 * @param cursor the cursor to print
	 * @return a String that contains the dumped cursor row
	 */
	public static String dumpCurrentRowToString(Cursor cursor) {
		StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
		dumpCurrentRow(cursor, sb);
		return sb.toString();
	}

	/**
	 * Reads a String out of a field in a Cursor and writes it to a Map.
	 *
	 * @param cursor The cursor to read from
	 * @param field The TEXT field to read
	 * @param values The {@link ContentValues} to put the value into, with the field as the key
	 */
	public static void cursorStringToContentValues(Cursor cursor, String field,
												   ContentValues values) {
		cursorStringToContentValues(cursor, field, values, field);
	}

	/**
	 * Reads a String out of a field in a Cursor and writes it to an InsertHelper.
	 *
	 * @param cursor The cursor to read from
	 * @param field The TEXT field to read
	 * @param inserter The InsertHelper to bind into
	 * @param index the index of the bind entry in the InsertHelper
	 */
	public static void cursorStringToInsertHelper(Cursor cursor, String field,
												  android.database.DatabaseUtils.InsertHelper inserter, int index) {
		inserter.bind(index, cursor.getString(cursor.getColumnIndexOrThrow(field)));
	}

	/**
	 * Reads a String out of a field in a Cursor and writes it to a Map.
	 *
	 * @param cursor The cursor to read from
	 * @param field The TEXT field to read
	 * @param values The {@link ContentValues} to put the value into, with the field as the key
	 * @param key The key to store the value with in the map
	 */
	public static void cursorStringToContentValues(Cursor cursor, String field,
												   ContentValues values, String key) {
		values.put(key, cursor.getString(cursor.getColumnIndexOrThrow(field)));
	}

	/**
	 * Reads an Integer out of a field in a Cursor and writes it to a Map.
	 *
	 * @param cursor The cursor to read from
	 * @param field The INTEGER field to read
	 * @param values The {@link ContentValues} to put the value into, with the field as the key
	 */
	public static void cursorIntToContentValues(Cursor cursor, String field, ContentValues values) {
		cursorIntToContentValues(cursor, field, values, field);
	}

	/**
	 * Reads a Integer out of a field in a Cursor and writes it to a Map.
	 *
	 * @param cursor The cursor to read from
	 * @param field The INTEGER field to read
	 * @param values The {@link ContentValues} to put the value into, with the field as the key
	 * @param key The key to store the value with in the map
	 */
	public static void cursorIntToContentValues(Cursor cursor, String field, ContentValues values,
												String key) {
		int colIndex = cursor.getColumnIndex(field);
		if (!cursor.isNull(colIndex)) {
			values.put(key, cursor.getInt(colIndex));
		} else {
			values.put(key, (Integer) null);
		}
	}

	/**
	 * Reads a Long out of a field in a Cursor and writes it to a Map.
	 *
	 * @param cursor The cursor to read from
	 * @param field The INTEGER field to read
	 * @param values The {@link ContentValues} to put the value into, with the field as the key
	 */
	public static void cursorLongToContentValues(Cursor cursor, String field, ContentValues values)
	{
		cursorLongToContentValues(cursor, field, values, field);
	}

	/**
	 * Reads a Long out of a field in a Cursor and writes it to a Map.
	 *
	 * @param cursor The cursor to read from
	 * @param field The INTEGER field to read
	 * @param values The {@link ContentValues} to put the value into
	 * @param key The key to store the value with in the map
	 */
	public static void cursorLongToContentValues(Cursor cursor, String field, ContentValues values,
												 String key) {
		int colIndex = cursor.getColumnIndex(field);
		if (!cursor.isNull(colIndex)) {
			Long value = Long.valueOf(cursor.getLong(colIndex));
			values.put(key, value);
		} else {
			values.put(key, (Long) null);
		}
	}

	/**
	 * Reads a Double out of a field in a Cursor and writes it to a Map.
	 *
	 * @param cursor The cursor to read from
	 * @param field The REAL field to read
	 * @param values The {@link ContentValues} to put the value into
	 */
	public static void cursorDoubleToCursorValues(Cursor cursor, String field, ContentValues values)
	{
		cursorDoubleToContentValues(cursor, field, values, field);
	}

	/**
	 * Reads a Double out of a field in a Cursor and writes it to a Map.
	 *
	 * @param cursor The cursor to read from
	 * @param field The REAL field to read
	 * @param values The {@link ContentValues} to put the value into
	 * @param key The key to store the value with in the map
	 */
	public static void cursorDoubleToContentValues(Cursor cursor, String field,
												   ContentValues values, String key) {
		int colIndex = cursor.getColumnIndex(field);
		if (!cursor.isNull(colIndex)) {
			values.put(key, cursor.getDouble(colIndex));
		} else {
			values.put(key, (Double) null);
		}
	}

	/**
	 * Read the entire contents of a cursor row and store them in a ContentValues.
	 *
	 * @param cursor the cursor to read from.
	 * @param values the {@link ContentValues} to put the row into.
	 */
	public static void cursorRowToContentValues(Cursor cursor, ContentValues values) {
		AbstractWindowedCursor awc =
				(cursor instanceof AbstractWindowedCursor) ? (AbstractWindowedCursor) cursor : null;

		String[] columns = cursor.getColumnNames();
		int length = columns.length;
		for (int i = 0; i < length; i++) {
			if (awc != null && awc.isBlob(i)) {
				values.put(columns[i], cursor.getBlob(i));
			} else {
				values.put(columns[i], cursor.getString(i));
			}
		}
	}

	/**
	 * Picks a start position for {@link Cursor#fillWindow} such that the
	 * window will contain the requested row and a useful range of rows
	 * around it.
	 *
	 * When the data set is too large to fit in a cursor window, seeking the
	 * cursor can become a very expensive operation since we have to run the
	 * query again when we move outside the bounds of the current window.
	 *
	 * We try to choose a start position for the cursor window such that
	 * 1/3 of the window's capacity is used to hold rows before the requested
	 * position and 2/3 of the window's capacity is used to hold rows after the
	 * requested position.
	 *
	 * @param cursorPosition The row index of the row we want to get.
	 * @param cursorWindowCapacity The estimated number of rows that can fit in
	 * a cursor window, or 0 if unknown.
	 * @return The recommended start position, always less than or equal to
	 * the requested row.
	 * @hide
	 */
	public static int cursorPickFillWindowStartPosition(
			int cursorPosition, int cursorWindowCapacity) {
		return Math.max(cursorPosition - cursorWindowCapacity / 3, 0);
	}

	/**
	 * Query the table for the number of rows in the table.
	 * @param db the database the table is in
	 * @param table the name of the table to query
	 * @return the number of rows in the table
	 */
	public static long queryNumEntries(SQLiteDatabase db, String table) {
		return queryNumEntries(db, table, null, null);
	}

	/**
	 * Query the table for the number of rows in the table.
	 * @param db the database the table is in
	 * @param table the name of the table to query
	 * @param selection A filter declaring which rows to return,
	 *              formatted as an SQL WHERE clause (excluding the WHERE itself).
	 *              Passing null will count all rows for the given table
	 * @return the number of rows in the table filtered by the selection
	 */
	public static long queryNumEntries(SQLiteDatabase db, String table, String selection) {
		return queryNumEntries(db, table, selection, null);
	}

	/**
	 * Query the table for the number of rows in the table.
	 * @param db the database the table is in
	 * @param table the name of the table to query
	 * @param selection A filter declaring which rows to return,
	 *              formatted as an SQL WHERE clause (excluding the WHERE itself).
	 *              Passing null will count all rows for the given table
	 * @param selectionArgs You may include ?s in selection,
	 *              which will be replaced by the values from selectionArgs,
	 *              in order that they appear in the selection.
	 *              The values will be bound as Strings.
	 * @return the number of rows in the table filtered by the selection
	 */
	public static long queryNumEntries(SQLiteDatabase db, String table, String selection,
									   String[] selectionArgs) {
		String s = (!TextUtils.isEmpty(selection)) ? " where " + selection : "";
		return longForQuery(db, "select count(*) from " + table + s,
							selectionArgs);
	}

	/**
	 * Query the table to check whether a table is empty or not
	 * @param db the database the table is in
	 * @param table the name of the table to query
	 * @return True if the table is empty
	 * @hide
	 */
	public static boolean queryIsEmpty(SQLiteDatabase db, String table) {
		long isEmpty = longForQuery(db, "select exists(select 1 from " + table + ")", null);
		return isEmpty == 0;
	}

	/**
	 * Utility method to run the query on the db and return the value in the
	 * first column of the first row.
	 */
	public static long longForQuery(SQLiteDatabase db, String query, String[] selectionArgs) {
		SQLiteStatement prog = db.compileStatement(query);
		try {
			return longForQuery(prog, selectionArgs);
		} finally {
			prog.close();
		}
	}

	/**
	 * Utility method to run the pre-compiled query and return the value in the
	 * first column of the first row.
	 */
	public static long longForQuery(SQLiteStatement prog, String[] selectionArgs) {
		prog.bindAllArgsAsStrings(selectionArgs);
		return prog.simpleQueryForLong();
	}

	/**
	 * Utility method to run the query on the db and return the value in the
	 * first column of the first row.
	 */
	public static String stringForQuery(SQLiteDatabase db, String query, String[] selectionArgs) {
		SQLiteStatement prog = db.compileStatement(query);
		try {
			return stringForQuery(prog, selectionArgs);
		} finally {
			prog.close();
		}
	}

	/**
	 * Utility method to run the pre-compiled query and return the value in the
	 * first column of the first row.
	 */
	public static String stringForQuery(SQLiteStatement prog, String[] selectionArgs) {
		prog.bindAllArgsAsStrings(selectionArgs);
		return prog.simpleQueryForString();
	}

	/**
	 * Utility method to run the query on the db and return the blob value in the
	 * first column of the first row.
	 *
	 * @return A read-only file descriptor for a copy of the blob value.
	 */
	public static ParcelFileDescriptor blobFileDescriptorForQuery(SQLiteDatabase db,
																  String query, String[] selectionArgs) {
		SQLiteStatement prog = db.compileStatement(query);
		try {
			return blobFileDescriptorForQuery(prog, selectionArgs);
		} finally {
			prog.close();
		}
	}

	/**
	 * Utility method to run the pre-compiled query and return the blob value in the
	 * first column of the first row.
	 *
	 * @return A read-only file descriptor for a copy of the blob value.
	 */
	public static ParcelFileDescriptor blobFileDescriptorForQuery(SQLiteStatement prog,
																  String[] selectionArgs) {
		prog.bindAllArgsAsStrings(selectionArgs);
		return prog.simpleQueryForBlobFileDescriptor();
	}

	/**
	 * Reads a String out of a column in a Cursor and writes it to a ContentValues.
	 * Adds nothing to the ContentValues if the column isn't present or if its value is null.
	 *
	 * @param cursor The cursor to read from
	 * @param column The column to read
	 * @param values The {@link ContentValues} to put the value into
	 */
	public static void cursorStringToContentValuesIfPresent(Cursor cursor, ContentValues values,
															String column) {
		final int index = cursor.getColumnIndex(column);
		if (index != -1 && !cursor.isNull(index)) {
			values.put(column, cursor.getString(index));
		}
	}

	/**
	 * Reads a Long out of a column in a Cursor and writes it to a ContentValues.
	 * Adds nothing to the ContentValues if the column isn't present or if its value is null.
	 *
	 * @param cursor The cursor to read from
	 * @param column The column to read
	 * @param values The {@link ContentValues} to put the value into
	 */
	public static void cursorLongToContentValuesIfPresent(Cursor cursor, ContentValues values,
														  String column) {
		final int index = cursor.getColumnIndex(column);
		if (index != -1 && !cursor.isNull(index)) {
			values.put(column, cursor.getLong(index));
		}
	}

	/**
	 * Reads a Short out of a column in a Cursor and writes it to a ContentValues.
	 * Adds nothing to the ContentValues if the column isn't present or if its value is null.
	 *
	 * @param cursor The cursor to read from
	 * @param column The column to read
	 * @param values The {@link ContentValues} to put the value into
	 */
	public static void cursorShortToContentValuesIfPresent(Cursor cursor, ContentValues values,
														   String column) {
		final int index = cursor.getColumnIndex(column);
		if (index != -1 && !cursor.isNull(index)) {
			values.put(column, cursor.getShort(index));
		}
	}

	/**
	 * Reads a Integer out of a column in a Cursor and writes it to a ContentValues.
	 * Adds nothing to the ContentValues if the column isn't present or if its value is null.
	 *
	 * @param cursor The cursor to read from
	 * @param column The column to read
	 * @param values The {@link ContentValues} to put the value into
	 */
	public static void cursorIntToContentValuesIfPresent(Cursor cursor, ContentValues values,
														 String column) {
		final int index = cursor.getColumnIndex(column);
		if (index != -1 && !cursor.isNull(index)) {
			values.put(column, cursor.getInt(index));
		}
	}

	/**
	 * Reads a Float out of a column in a Cursor and writes it to a ContentValues.
	 * Adds nothing to the ContentValues if the column isn't present or if its value is null.
	 *
	 * @param cursor The cursor to read from
	 * @param column The column to read
	 * @param values The {@link ContentValues} to put the value into
	 */
	public static void cursorFloatToContentValuesIfPresent(Cursor cursor, ContentValues values,
														   String column) {
		final int index = cursor.getColumnIndex(column);
		if (index != -1 && !cursor.isNull(index)) {
			values.put(column, cursor.getFloat(index));
		}
	}

	/**
	 * Reads a Double out of a column in a Cursor and writes it to a ContentValues.
	 * Adds nothing to the ContentValues if the column isn't present or if its value is null.
	 *
	 * @param cursor The cursor to read from
	 * @param column The column to read
	 * @param values The {@link ContentValues} to put the value into
	 */
	public static void cursorDoubleToContentValuesIfPresent(Cursor cursor, ContentValues values,
															String column) {
		final int index = cursor.getColumnIndex(column);
		if (index != -1 && !cursor.isNull(index)) {
			values.put(column, cursor.getDouble(index));
		}
	}

	/**
	 * This class allows users to do multiple inserts into a table using
	 * the same statement.
	 * <p>
	 * This class is not thread-safe.
	 * </p>
	 *
	 * @deprecated Use {@link SQLiteStatement} instead.
	 */
	@Deprecated
	public static class InsertHelper {
		private final SQLiteDatabase mDb;
		private final String mTableName;
		private HashMap<String, Integer> mColumns;
		private String mInsertSQL = null;
		private SQLiteStatement mInsertStatement = null;
		private SQLiteStatement mReplaceStatement = null;
		private SQLiteStatement mPreparedStatement = null;

		/**
		 * {@hide}
		 *
		 * These are the columns returned by sqlite's "PRAGMA
		 * table_info(...)" command that we depend on.
		 */
		public static final int TABLE_INFO_PRAGMA_COLUMNNAME_INDEX = 1;

		/**
		 * This field was accidentally exposed in earlier versions of the platform
		 * so we can hide it but we can't remove it.
		 *
		 * @hide
		 */
		public static final int TABLE_INFO_PRAGMA_DEFAULT_INDEX = 4;

		/**
		 * @param db the SQLiteDatabase to insert into
		 * @param tableName the name of the table to insert into
		 */
		public InsertHelper(SQLiteDatabase db, String tableName) {
			mDb = db;
			mTableName = tableName;
		}

		private void buildSQL() throws SQLException {
			StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder(128);
			sb.append("INSERT INTO ");
			sb.append(mTableName);
			sb.append(" (");

			StringBuilder sbv = new StringBuilder(128);
			sbv.append("VALUES (");

			int i = 1;
			Cursor cur = null;
			try {
				cur = mDb.rawQuery("PRAGMA table_info(" + mTableName + ")", null);
				mColumns = new HashMap<String, Integer>(cur.getCount());
				while (cur.moveToNext()) {
					String columnName = cur.getString(TABLE_INFO_PRAGMA_COLUMNNAME_INDEX);
					String defaultValue = cur.getString(TABLE_INFO_PRAGMA_DEFAULT_INDEX);

					mColumns.put(columnName, i);
					sb.append("'");
					sb.append(columnName);
					sb.append("'");

					if (defaultValue == null) {
						sbv.append("?");
					} else {
						sbv.append("COALESCE(?, ");
						sbv.append(defaultValue);
						sbv.append(")");
					}

					sb.append(i == cur.getCount() ? ") " : ", ");
					sbv.append(i == cur.getCount() ? ");" : ", ");
					++i;
				}
			} finally {
				if (cur != null) cur.close();
			}

			sb.append(sbv);

			mInsertSQL = sb.toString();
			if (DEBUG) Log.v(TAG, "insert statement is " + mInsertSQL);
		}

		private SQLiteStatement getStatement(boolean allowReplace) throws SQLException {
			if (allowReplace) {
				if (mReplaceStatement == null) {
					if (mInsertSQL == null) buildSQL();
					// chop "INSERT" off the front and prepend "INSERT OR REPLACE" instead.
					String replaceSQL = "INSERT OR REPLACE" + mInsertSQL.substring(6);
					mReplaceStatement = mDb.compileStatement(replaceSQL);
				}
				return mReplaceStatement;
			} else {
				if (mInsertStatement == null) {
					if (mInsertSQL == null) buildSQL();
					mInsertStatement = mDb.compileStatement(mInsertSQL);
				}
				return mInsertStatement;
			}
		}

		/**
		 * Performs an insert, adding a new row with the given values.
		 *
		 * @param values the set of values with which  to populate the
		 * new row
		 * @param allowReplace if true, the statement does "INSERT OR
		 *   REPLACE" instead of "INSERT", silently deleting any
		 *   previously existing rows that would cause a conflict
		 *
		 * @return the row ID of the newly inserted row, or -1 if an
		 * error occurred
		 */
		private long insertInternal(ContentValues values, boolean allowReplace) {
			// Start a transaction even though we don't really need one.
			// This is to help maintain compatibility with applications that
			// access InsertHelper from multiple threads even though they never should have.
			// The original code used to lock the InsertHelper itself which was prone
			// to deadlocks.  Starting a transaction achieves the same mutual exclusion
			// effect as grabbing a lock but without the potential for deadlocks.
			mDb.beginTransactionNonExclusive();
			try {
				SQLiteStatement stmt = getStatement(allowReplace);
				stmt.clearBindings();
				if (DEBUG) Log.v(TAG, "--- inserting in table " + mTableName);
				for (Map.Entry<String, Object> e: values.valueSet()) {
					final String key = e.getKey();
					int i = getColumnIndex(key);
					android.database.DatabaseUtils.bindObjectToProgram(stmt, i, e.getValue());
					if (DEBUG) {
						Log.v(TAG, "binding " + e.getValue() + " to column " +
								i + " (" + key + ")");
					}
				}
				long result = stmt.executeInsert();
				mDb.setTransactionSuccessful();
				return result;
			} catch (SQLException e) {
				Log.e(TAG, "Error inserting " + values + " into table  " + mTableName, e);
				return -1;
			} finally {
				mDb.endTransaction();
			}
		}

		/**
		 * Returns the index of the specified column. This is index is suitagble for use
		 * in calls to bind().
		 * @param key the column name
		 * @return the index of the column
		 */
		public int getColumnIndex(String key) {
			getStatement(false);
			final Integer index = mColumns.get(key);
			if (index == null) {
				throw new IllegalArgumentException("column '" + key + "' is invalid");
			}
			return index;
		}

		/**
		 * Bind the value to an index. A prepareForInsert() or prepareForReplace()
		 * without a matching execute() must have already have been called.
		 * @param index the index of the slot to which to bind
		 * @param value the value to bind
		 */
		public void bind(int index, double value) {
			mPreparedStatement.bindDouble(index, value);
		}

		/**
		 * Bind the value to an index. A prepareForInsert() or prepareForReplace()
		 * without a matching execute() must have already have been called.
		 * @param index the index of the slot to which to bind
		 * @param value the value to bind
		 */
		public void bind(int index, float value) {
			mPreparedStatement.bindDouble(index, value);
		}

		/**
		 * Bind the value to an index. A prepareForInsert() or prepareForReplace()
		 * without a matching execute() must have already have been called.
		 * @param index the index of the slot to which to bind
		 * @param value the value to bind
		 */
		public void bind(int index, long value) {
			mPreparedStatement.bindLong(index, value);
		}

		/**
		 * Bind the value to an index. A prepareForInsert() or prepareForReplace()
		 * without a matching execute() must have already have been called.
		 * @param index the index of the slot to which to bind
		 * @param value the value to bind
		 */
		public void bind(int index, int value) {
			mPreparedStatement.bindLong(index, value);
		}

		/**
		 * Bind the value to an index. A prepareForInsert() or prepareForReplace()
		 * without a matching execute() must have already have been called.
		 * @param index the index of the slot to which to bind
		 * @param value the value to bind
		 */
		public void bind(int index, boolean value) {
			mPreparedStatement.bindLong(index, value ? 1 : 0);
		}

		/**
		 * Bind null to an index. A prepareForInsert() or prepareForReplace()
		 * without a matching execute() must have already have been called.
		 * @param index the index of the slot to which to bind
		 */
		public void bindNull(int index) {
			mPreparedStatement.bindNull(index);
		}

		/**
		 * Bind the value to an index. A prepareForInsert() or prepareForReplace()
		 * without a matching execute() must have already have been called.
		 * @param index the index of the slot to which to bind
		 * @param value the value to bind
		 */
		public void bind(int index, byte[] value) {
			if (value == null) {
				mPreparedStatement.bindNull(index);
			} else {
				mPreparedStatement.bindBlob(index, value);
			}
		}

		/**
		 * Bind the value to an index. A prepareForInsert() or prepareForReplace()
		 * without a matching execute() must have already have been called.
		 * @param index the index of the slot to which to bind
		 * @param value the value to bind
		 */
		public void bind(int index, String value) {
			if (value == null) {
				mPreparedStatement.bindNull(index);
			} else {
				mPreparedStatement.bindString(index, value);
			}
		}

		/**
		 * Performs an insert, adding a new row with the given values.
		 * If the table contains conflicting rows, an error is
		 * returned.
		 *
		 * @param values the set of values with which to populate the
		 * new row
		 *
		 * @return the row ID of the newly inserted row, or -1 if an
		 * error occurred
		 */
		public long insert(ContentValues values) {
			return insertInternal(values, false);
		}

		/**
		 * Execute the previously prepared insert or replace using the bound values
		 * since the last call to prepareForInsert or prepareForReplace.
		 *
		 * <p>Note that calling bind() and then execute() is not thread-safe. The only thread-safe
		 * way to use this class is to call insert() or replace().
		 *
		 * @return the row ID of the newly inserted row, or -1 if an
		 * error occurred
		 */
		public long execute() {
			if (mPreparedStatement == null) {
				throw new IllegalStateException("you must prepare this inserter before calling "
														+ "execute");
			}
			try {
				if (DEBUG) Log.v(TAG, "--- doing insert or replace in table " + mTableName);
				return mPreparedStatement.executeInsert();
			} catch (SQLException e) {
				Log.e(TAG, "Error executing InsertHelper with table " + mTableName, e);
				return -1;
			} finally {
				// you can only call this once per prepare
				mPreparedStatement = null;
			}
		}

		/**
		 * Prepare the InsertHelper for an insert. The pattern for this is:
		 * <ul>
		 * <li>prepareForInsert()
		 * <li>bind(index, value);
		 * <li>bind(index, value);
		 * <li>...
		 * <li>bind(index, value);
		 * <li>execute();
		 * </ul>
		 */
		public void prepareForInsert() {
			mPreparedStatement = getStatement(false);
			mPreparedStatement.clearBindings();
		}

		/**
		 * Prepare the InsertHelper for a replace. The pattern for this is:
		 * <ul>
		 * <li>prepareForReplace()
		 * <li>bind(index, value);
		 * <li>bind(index, value);
		 * <li>...
		 * <li>bind(index, value);
		 * <li>execute();
		 * </ul>
		 */
		public void prepareForReplace() {
			mPreparedStatement = getStatement(true);
			mPreparedStatement.clearBindings();
		}

		/**
		 * Performs an insert, adding a new row with the given values.
		 * If the table contains conflicting rows, they are deleted
		 * and replaced with the new row.
		 *
		 * @param values the set of values with which to populate the
		 * new row
		 *
		 * @return the row ID of the newly inserted row, or -1 if an
		 * error occurred
		 */
		public long replace(ContentValues values) {
			return insertInternal(values, true);
		}

		/**
		 * Close this object and release any resources associated with
		 * it.  The behavior of calling <code>insert()</code> after
		 * calling this method is undefined.
		 */
		public void close() {
			if (mInsertStatement != null) {
				mInsertStatement.close();
				mInsertStatement = null;
			}
			if (mReplaceStatement != null) {
				mReplaceStatement.close();
				mReplaceStatement = null;
			}
			mInsertSQL = null;
			mColumns = null;
		}
	}

	/**
	 * Creates a db and populates it with the sql statements in sqlStatements.
	 *
	 * @param context the context to use to create the db
	 * @param dbName the name of the db to create
	 * @param dbVersion the version to set on the db
	 * @param sqlStatements the statements to use to populate the db. This should be a single string
	 *   of the form returned by sqlite3's <tt>.dump</tt> command (statements separated by
	 *   semicolons)
	 */
	static public void createDbFromSqlStatements(
			Context context, String dbName, int dbVersion, String sqlStatements) {
		SQLiteDatabase db = context.openOrCreateDatabase(dbName, 0, null);
		// TODO: this is not quite safe since it assumes that all semicolons at the end of a line
		// terminate statements. It is possible that a text field contains ;\n. We will have to fix
		// this if that turns out to be a problem.
		String[] statements = TextUtils.split(sqlStatements, ";\n");
		for (String statement : statements) {
			if (TextUtils.isEmpty(statement)) continue;
			db.execSQL(statement);
		}
		db.setVersion(dbVersion);
		db.close();
	}

	/**
	 * Returns one of the following which represent the type of the given SQL statement.
	 * <ol>
	 *   <li>{@link #STATEMENT_SELECT}</li>
	 *   <li>{@link #STATEMENT_UPDATE}</li>
	 *   <li>{@link #STATEMENT_ATTACH}</li>
	 *   <li>{@link #STATEMENT_BEGIN}</li>
	 *   <li>{@link #STATEMENT_COMMIT}</li>
	 *   <li>{@link #STATEMENT_ABORT}</li>
	 *   <li>{@link #STATEMENT_OTHER}</li>
	 * </ol>
	 * @param sql the SQL statement whose type is returned by this method
	 * @return one of the values listed above
	 */
	public static int getSqlStatementType(String sql) {
		sql = sql.trim();
		if (sql.length() < 3) {
			return STATEMENT_OTHER;
		}
		String prefixSql = sql.substring(0, 3).toUpperCase(Locale.ROOT);
		if (prefixSql.equals("SEL")) {
			return STATEMENT_SELECT;
		} else if (prefixSql.equals("INS") ||
				prefixSql.equals("UPD") ||
				prefixSql.equals("REP") ||
				prefixSql.equals("DEL")) {
			return STATEMENT_UPDATE;
		} else if (prefixSql.equals("ATT")) {
			return STATEMENT_ATTACH;
		} else if (prefixSql.equals("COM")) {
			return STATEMENT_COMMIT;
		} else if (prefixSql.equals("END")) {
			return STATEMENT_COMMIT;
		} else if (prefixSql.equals("ROL")) {
			return STATEMENT_ABORT;
		} else if (prefixSql.equals("BEG")) {
			return STATEMENT_BEGIN;
		} else if (prefixSql.equals("PRA")) {
			return STATEMENT_PRAGMA;
		} else if (prefixSql.equals("CRE") || prefixSql.equals("DRO") ||
				prefixSql.equals("ALT")) {
			return STATEMENT_DDL;
		} else if (prefixSql.equals("ANA") || prefixSql.equals("DET")) {
			return STATEMENT_UNPREPARED;
		}
		return STATEMENT_OTHER;
	}

	/**
	 * Appends one set of selection args to another. This is useful when adding a selection
	 * argument to a user provided set.
	 */
	public static String[] appendSelectionArgs(String[] originalValues, String[] newValues) {
		if (originalValues == null || originalValues.length == 0) {
			return newValues;
		}
		String[] result = new String[originalValues.length + newValues.length ];
		System.arraycopy(originalValues, 0, result, 0, originalValues.length);
		System.arraycopy(newValues, 0, result, originalValues.length, newValues.length);
		return result;
	}

	/**
	 * Returns column index of "_id" column, or -1 if not found.
	 * @hide
	 */
	public static int findRowIdColumnIndex(String[] columnNames) {
		int length = columnNames.length;
		for (int i = 0; i < length; i++) {
			if (columnNames[i].equals("_id")) {
				return i;
			}
		}
		return -1;
	}
}

Added sqlite3/src/main/java/org/sqlite/database/sqlite/LruCache.java.









































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































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package org.sqlite.database.sqlite;

/**
 * Created by pjw on 20-Apr-2017.
 */

import java.util.Iterator;
import java.util.LinkedHashMap;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.Map.Entry;
import java.util.Set;

/**
 * A cache that holds strong references to a limited number of values. Each time
 * a value is accessed, it is moved to the head of a queue. When a value is
 * added to a full cache, the value at the end of that queue is evicted and may
 * become eligible for garbage collection.
 *
 * <p>If your cached values hold resources that need to be explicitly released,
 * override {@link #entryRemoved}.
 *
 * <p>If a cache miss should be computed on demand for the corresponding keys,
 * override {@link #create}. This simplifies the calling code, allowing it to
 * assume a value will always be returned, even when there's a cache miss.
 *
 * <p>By default, the cache size is measured in the number of entries. Override
 * {@link #sizeOf} to size the cache in different units. For example, this cache
 * is limited to 4MiB of bitmaps:
 * <pre>   {@code
 *   int cacheSize = 4 * 1024 * 1024; // 4MiB
 *   LruCache<String, Bitmap> bitmapCache = new LruCache<String, Bitmap>(cacheSize) {
 *       protected int sizeOf(String key, Bitmap value) {
 *           return value.getByteCount();
 *       }
 *   }}</pre>
 *
 * <p>This class is thread-safe. Perform multiple cache operations atomically by
 * synchronizing on the cache: <pre>   {@code
 *   synchronized (cache) {
 *     if (cache.get(key) == null) {
 *         cache.put(key, value);
 *     }
 *   }}</pre>
 *
 * <p>This class does not allow null to be used as a key or value. A return
 * value of null from {@link #get}, {@link #put} or {@link #remove} is
 * unambiguous: the key was not in the cache.
 *
 * <p>This class appeared in Android 3.1 (Honeycomb MR1); it's available as part
 * of <a href="http://developer.android.com/sdk/compatibility-library.html">Android's
 * Support Package</a> for earlier releases.
 */
public class LruCache<K, V> {
	private final LinkedHashMap<K, V> map;

	/** Size of this cache in units. Not necessarily the number of elements. */
	private int size;
	private int maxSize;

	private int putCount;
	private int createCount;
	private int evictionCount;
	private int hitCount;
	private int missCount;

	/**
	 * @param maxSize for caches that do not override {@link #sizeOf}, this is
	 *     the maximum number of entries in the cache. For all other caches,
	 *     this is the maximum sum of the sizes of the entries in this cache.
	 */
	public LruCache(int maxSize) {
		if (maxSize <= 0) {
			throw new IllegalArgumentException("maxSize <= 0");
		}
		this.maxSize = maxSize;
		this.map = new LinkedHashMap<K, V>(0, 0.75f, true);
	}

	/**
	 * Sets the size of the cache.
	 *
	 * @param maxSize The new maximum size.
	 */
	public void resize(int maxSize) {
		if (maxSize <= 0) {
			throw new IllegalArgumentException("maxSize <= 0");
		}

		synchronized (this) {
			this.maxSize = maxSize;
		}
		trimToSize(maxSize);
	}

	/**
	 * Returns the value for {@code key} if it exists in the cache or can be
	 * created by {@code #create}. If a value was returned, it is moved to the
	 * head of the queue. This returns null if a value is not cached and cannot
	 * be created.
	 */
	public final V get(K key) {
		if (key == null) {
			throw new NullPointerException("key == null");
		}

		V mapValue;
		synchronized (this) {
			mapValue = map.get(key);
			if (mapValue != null) {
				hitCount++;
				return mapValue;
			}
			missCount++;
		}

        /*
         * Attempt to create a value. This may take a long time, and the map
         * may be different when create() returns. If a conflicting value was
         * added to the map while create() was working, we leave that value in
         * the map and release the created value.
         */

		V createdValue = create(key);
		if (createdValue == null) {
			return null;
		}

		synchronized (this) {
			createCount++;
			mapValue = map.put(key, createdValue);

			if (mapValue != null) {
				// There was a conflict so undo that last put
				map.put(key, mapValue);
			} else {
				size += safeSizeOf(key, createdValue);
			}
		}

		if (mapValue != null) {
			entryRemoved(false, key, createdValue, mapValue);
			return mapValue;
		} else {
			trimToSize(maxSize);
			return createdValue;
		}
	}

	/**
	 * Caches {@code value} for {@code key}. The value is moved to the head of
	 * the queue.
	 *
	 * @return the previous value mapped by {@code key}.
	 */
	public final V put(K key, V value) {
		if (key == null || value == null) {
			throw new NullPointerException("key == null || value == null");
		}

		V previous;
		synchronized (this) {
			putCount++;
			size += safeSizeOf(key, value);
			previous = map.put(key, value);
			if (previous != null) {
				size -= safeSizeOf(key, previous);
			}
		}

		if (previous != null) {
			entryRemoved(false, key, previous, value);
		}

		trimToSize(maxSize);
		return previous;
	}

	/**
	 * Remove the eldest entries until the total of remaining entries is at or
	 * below the requested size.
	 *
	 * @param maxSize the maximum size of the cache before returning. May be -1
	 *            to evict even 0-sized elements.
	 */
	public void trimToSize(int maxSize) {
		while (true) {
			K key;
			V value;
			synchronized (this) {
				if (size < 0 || (map.isEmpty() && size != 0)) {
					throw new IllegalStateException(getClass().getName()
															+ ".sizeOf() is reporting inconsistent results!");
				}

				if (size <= maxSize) {
					break;
				}

				Iterator<Entry<K, V>> iterator = map.entrySet().iterator();
				if (!iterator.hasNext())
					break;

				Entry<K, V> toEvict = iterator.next();

				key = toEvict.getKey();
				value = toEvict.getValue();
				map.remove(key);
				size -= safeSizeOf(key, value);
				evictionCount++;
			}

			entryRemoved(true, key, value, null);
		}
	}

	/**
	 * Removes the entry for {@code key} if it exists.
	 *
	 * @return the previous value mapped by {@code key}.
	 */
	public final V remove(K key) {
		if (key == null) {
			throw new NullPointerException("key == null");
		}

		V previous;
		synchronized (this) {
			previous = map.remove(key);
			if (previous != null) {
				size -= safeSizeOf(key, previous);
			}
		}

		if (previous != null) {
			entryRemoved(false, key, previous, null);
		}

		return previous;
	}

	/**
	 * Called for entries that have been evicted or removed. This method is
	 * invoked when a value is evicted to make space, removed by a call to
	 * {@link #remove}, or replaced by a call to {@link #put}. The default
	 * implementation does nothing.
	 *
	 * <p>The method is called without synchronization: other threads may
	 * access the cache while this method is executing.
	 *
	 * @param evicted true if the entry is being removed to make space, false
	 *     if the removal was caused by a {@link #put} or {@link #remove}.
	 * @param newValue the new value for {@code key}, if it exists. If non-null,
	 *     this removal was caused by a {@link #put}. Otherwise it was caused by
	 *     an eviction or a {@link #remove}.
	 */
	protected void entryRemoved(boolean evicted, K key, V oldValue, V newValue) {}

	/**
	 * Called after a cache miss to compute a value for the corresponding key.
	 * Returns the computed value or null if no value can be computed. The
	 * default implementation returns null.
	 *
	 * <p>The method is called without synchronization: other threads may
	 * access the cache while this method is executing.
	 *
	 * <p>If a value for {@code key} exists in the cache when this method
	 * returns, the created value will be released with {@link #entryRemoved}
	 * and discarded. This can occur when multiple threads request the same key
	 * at the same time (causing multiple values to be created), or when one
	 * thread calls {@link #put} while another is creating a value for the same
	 * key.
	 */
	protected V create(K key) {
		return null;
	}

	private int safeSizeOf(K key, V value) {
		int result = sizeOf(key, value);
		if (result < 0) {
			throw new IllegalStateException("Negative size: " + key + "=" + value);
		}
		return result;
	}

	/**
	 * Returns the size of the entry for {@code key} and {@code value} in
	 * user-defined units.  The default implementation returns 1 so that size
	 * is the number of entries and max size is the maximum number of entries.
	 *
	 * <p>An entry's size must not change while it is in the cache.
	 */
	protected int sizeOf(K key, V value) {
		return 1;
	}

	/**
	 * Clear the cache, calling {@link #entryRemoved} on each removed entry.
	 */
	public final void evictAll() {
		trimToSize(-1); // -1 will evict 0-sized elements
	}

	/**
	 * For caches that do not override {@link #sizeOf}, this returns the number
	 * of entries in the cache. For all other caches, this returns the sum of
	 * the sizes of the entries in this cache.
	 */
	public synchronized final int size() {
		return size;
	}

	/**
	 * For caches that do not override {@link #sizeOf}, this returns the maximum
	 * number of entries in the cache. For all other caches, this returns the
	 * maximum sum of the sizes of the entries in this cache.
	 */
	public synchronized final int maxSize() {
		return maxSize;
	}

	/**
	 * Returns the number of times {@link #get} returned a value that was
	 * already present in the cache.
	 */
	public synchronized final int hitCount() {
		return hitCount;
	}

	/**
	 * Returns the number of times {@link #get} returned null or required a new
	 * value to be created.
	 */
	public synchronized final int missCount() {
		return missCount;
	}

	/**
	 * Returns the number of times {@link #create(Object)} returned a value.
	 */
	public synchronized final int createCount() {
		return createCount;
	}

	/**
	 * Returns the number of times {@link #put} was called.
	 */
	public synchronized final int putCount() {
		return putCount;
	}

	/**
	 * Returns the number of values that have been evicted.
	 */
	public synchronized final int evictionCount() {
		return evictionCount;
	}

	/**
	 * Returns a copy of the current contents of the cache, ordered from least
	 * recently accessed to most recently accessed.
	 */
	public synchronized final Map<K, V> snapshot() {
		return new LinkedHashMap<K, V>(map);
	}

	@Override public synchronized final String toString() {
		int accesses = hitCount + missCount;
		int hitPercent = accesses != 0 ? (100 * hitCount / accesses) : 0;
		return String.format("LruCache[maxSize=%d,hits=%d,misses=%d,hitRate=%d%%]",
							 maxSize, hitCount, missCount, hitPercent);
	}
}

Changes to sqlite3/src/main/java/org/sqlite/database/sqlite/SQLiteConnection.java.

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** Modified to support SQLite extensions by the SQLite developers: 
** sqlite-dev@sqlite.org.
*/

package org.sqlite.database.sqlite;

/* import dalvik.system.BlockGuard; */
import org.sqlite.database.sqlite.CloseGuard;

import android.database.Cursor;
import android.database.CursorWindow;

import android.database.DatabaseUtils;
import org.sqlite.database.ExtraUtils;
import org.sqlite.database.sqlite.SQLiteDebug.DbStats;
import org.sqlite.os.CancellationSignal;
import org.sqlite.os.OperationCanceledException;
import android.os.ParcelFileDescriptor;
import android.util.Log;


import android.util.LruCache;
import android.util.Printer;

import java.text.SimpleDateFormat;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Date;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.regex.Pattern;
................................................................................
            final PreparedStatement statement = acquirePreparedStatement(sql);
            try {
                throwIfStatementForbidden(statement);
                bindArguments(statement, bindArgs);
                applyBlockGuardPolicy(statement);
                attachCancellationSignal(cancellationSignal);
                try {



                    int fd = nativeExecuteForBlobFileDescriptor(
                            mConnectionPtr, statement.mStatementPtr);
                    return fd >= 0 ? ParcelFileDescriptor.adoptFd(fd) : null;

                } finally {
                    detachCancellationSignal(cancellationSignal);
                }
            } finally {
                releasePreparedStatement(statement);
            }
        } catch (RuntimeException ex) {
................................................................................
            // Ignore.
        }
        dbStatsList.add(getMainDbStatsUnsafe(lookaside, pageCount, pageSize));

        // Get information about attached databases.
        // We ignore the first row in the database list because it corresponds to
        // the main database which we have already described.



        CursorWindow window = new CursorWindow("collectDbStats");
        try {
            executeForCursorWindow("PRAGMA database_list;", null, window, 0, 0, false, null);
            for (int i = 1; i < window.getNumRows(); i++) {
                String name = window.getString(i, 1);
                String path = window.getString(i, 2);
                pageCount = 0;
                pageSize = 0;







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** Modified to support SQLite extensions by the SQLite developers: 
** sqlite-dev@sqlite.org.
*/

package org.sqlite.database.sqlite;

/* import dalvik.system.BlockGuard; */


import android.database.Cursor;
import android.database.CursorWindow;
// We use a local version of DatabaseUtils which implements methods not available in earlier APIs
//import android.database.DatabaseUtils;
import org.sqlite.database.ExtraUtils;
import org.sqlite.database.sqlite.SQLiteDebug.DbStats;
import org.sqlite.os.CancellationSignal;
import org.sqlite.os.OperationCanceledException;
import android.os.ParcelFileDescriptor;
import android.util.Log;
// We use a local copy of LruCache which does not have the 'eldest' method of the
// original, but uses an iterator to get first entry
//import android.util.LruCache;
import android.util.Printer;

import java.text.SimpleDateFormat;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Date;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.regex.Pattern;
................................................................................
            final PreparedStatement statement = acquirePreparedStatement(sql);
            try {
                throwIfStatementForbidden(statement);
                bindArguments(statement, bindArgs);
                applyBlockGuardPolicy(statement);
                attachCancellationSignal(cancellationSignal);
                try {
                    // The Sqlite Bindings version of this code is unable to
                    // use shared memory (the C++ call to createAshmemRegionWithData
                    // always fails), so we just return null.
                    //int fd = nativeExecuteForBlobFileDescriptor(
                    //        mConnectionPtr, statement.mStatementPtr);
                    //return fd >= 0 ? ParcelFileDescriptor.adoptFd(fd) : null;
                    return null;
                } finally {
                    detachCancellationSignal(cancellationSignal);
                }
            } finally {
                releasePreparedStatement(statement);
            }
        } catch (RuntimeException ex) {
................................................................................
            // Ignore.
        }
        dbStatsList.add(getMainDbStatsUnsafe(lookaside, pageCount, pageSize));

        // Get information about attached databases.
        // We ignore the first row in the database list because it corresponds to
        // the main database which we have already described.

        // original code used the newer named CursorWindows, but not available
        // in API 9 etc. Was called "collectDbStats", but name is seemingly only cosmetic
        CursorWindow window = new CursorWindow(true);
        try {
            executeForCursorWindow("PRAGMA database_list;", null, window, 0, 0, false, null);
            for (int i = 1; i < window.getNumRows(); i++) {
                String name = window.getString(i, 1);
                String path = window.getString(i, 2);
                pageCount = 0;
                pageSize = 0;

Changes to sqlite3/src/main/java/org/sqlite/database/sqlite/SQLiteCursor.java.

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    }

    /* 
    ** The AbstractWindowClass contains protected methods clearOrCreateWindow() and
    ** closeWindow(), which are used by the android.database.sqlite.* version of this
    ** class. But, since they are marked with "@hide", the following replacement 
    ** versions are required.



    */
    private void awc_clearOrCreateWindow(String name){
      CursorWindow win = getWindow();
      if( win==null ){
        win = new CursorWindow(name);
        setWindow(win);
      }else{
        win.clear();
      }
    }
    private void awc_closeWindow(){
      setWindow(null);







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    }

    /* 
    ** The AbstractWindowClass contains protected methods clearOrCreateWindow() and
    ** closeWindow(), which are used by the android.database.sqlite.* version of this
    ** class. But, since they are marked with "@hide", the following replacement 
    ** versions are required.
    **
    ** Note that we ignore the name since it seems to be cosmetic only, and is not
    ** available in earlier API versions.
    */
    private void awc_clearOrCreateWindow(String name){
      CursorWindow win = getWindow();
      if( win==null ){
        win = new CursorWindow(true);
        setWindow(win);
      }else{
        win.clear();
      }
    }
    private void awc_closeWindow(){
      setWindow(null);

Changes to sqlite3/src/main/java/org/sqlite/database/sqlite/SQLiteDatabase.java.

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*/

package org.sqlite.database.sqlite;

import android.content.ContentValues;
import android.database.Cursor;
import org.sqlite.database.DatabaseErrorHandler;

import android.database.DatabaseUtils;
import org.sqlite.database.ExtraUtils;
import org.sqlite.database.DefaultDatabaseErrorHandler;
import org.sqlite.database.SQLException;
import org.sqlite.database.sqlite.SQLiteDebug.DbStats;
import org.sqlite.os.CancellationSignal;
import android.os.Looper;
import org.sqlite.os.OperationCanceledException;







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*/

package org.sqlite.database.sqlite;

import android.content.ContentValues;
import android.database.Cursor;
import org.sqlite.database.DatabaseErrorHandler;
// We use a local version of DatabaseUtils which implements methods not available in earlier APIs
//import android.database.DatabaseUtils;
import org.sqlite.database.ExtraUtils;
import org.sqlite.database.DefaultDatabaseErrorHandler;
import org.sqlite.database.SQLException;
import org.sqlite.database.sqlite.SQLiteDebug.DbStats;
import org.sqlite.os.CancellationSignal;
import android.os.Looper;
import org.sqlite.os.OperationCanceledException;

Changes to sqlite3/src/main/java/org/sqlite/database/sqlite/SQLiteProgram.java.

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/*
** Modified to support SQLite extensions by the SQLite developers: 
** sqlite-dev@sqlite.org.
*/

package org.sqlite.database.sqlite;


import android.database.DatabaseUtils;
import org.sqlite.os.CancellationSignal;

import java.util.Arrays;

/**
 * A base class for compiled SQLite programs.
 * <p>







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/*
** Modified to support SQLite extensions by the SQLite developers: 
** sqlite-dev@sqlite.org.
*/

package org.sqlite.database.sqlite;

// We use a local version of DatabaseUtils which implements methods not available in earlier APIs
//import android.database.DatabaseUtils;
import org.sqlite.os.CancellationSignal;

import java.util.Arrays;

/**
 * A base class for compiled SQLite programs.
 * <p>

Changes to sqlite3/src/main/java/org/sqlite/database/sqlite/SQLiteSession.java.

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** Modified to support SQLite extensions by the SQLite developers: 
** sqlite-dev@sqlite.org.
*/

package org.sqlite.database.sqlite;

import android.database.CursorWindow;

import android.database.DatabaseUtils;
import org.sqlite.os.CancellationSignal;
import org.sqlite.os.OperationCanceledException;
import android.os.ParcelFileDescriptor;

/**
 * Provides a single client the ability to use a database.
 *







>
|







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** Modified to support SQLite extensions by the SQLite developers: 
** sqlite-dev@sqlite.org.
*/

package org.sqlite.database.sqlite;

import android.database.CursorWindow;
// We use a local version of DatabaseUtils which implements methods not available in earlier APIs
//import android.database.DatabaseUtils;
import org.sqlite.os.CancellationSignal;
import org.sqlite.os.OperationCanceledException;
import android.os.ParcelFileDescriptor;

/**
 * Provides a single client the ability to use a database.
 *

Changes to sqlite3/src/main/jni/Application.mk.


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APP_STL:=stlport_static
>

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APP_ABI:=all
APP_STL:=stlport_static

Changes to sqlite3/src/main/jni/sqlite/Android.mk.

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# LOCAL_CFLAGS += -DSQLITE_HAS_CODEC

# This is important - it causes SQLite to use memory for temp files. Since 
# Android has no globally writable temp directory, if this is not defined the
# application throws an exception when it tries to create a temp file.
#
LOCAL_CFLAGS += -DSQLITE_TEMP_STORE=3









LOCAL_CFLAGS += -DHAVE_CONFIG_H -DKHTML_NO_EXCEPTIONS -DGKWQ_NO_JAVA
LOCAL_CFLAGS += -DNO_SUPPORT_JS_BINDING -DQT_NO_WHEELEVENT -DKHTML_NO_XBL
LOCAL_CFLAGS += -U__APPLE__
LOCAL_CFLAGS += -DHAVE_STRCHRNUL=0
LOCAL_CFLAGS += -Wno-unused-parameter -Wno-int-to-pointer-cast
LOCAL_CFLAGS += -Wno-maybe-uninitialized -Wno-parentheses







>
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>
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# LOCAL_CFLAGS += -DSQLITE_HAS_CODEC

# This is important - it causes SQLite to use memory for temp files. Since 
# Android has no globally writable temp directory, if this is not defined the
# application throws an exception when it tries to create a temp file.
#
LOCAL_CFLAGS += -DSQLITE_TEMP_STORE=3
LOCAL_CFLAGS += -DSQLITE_ENABLE_JSON1 
LOCAL_CFLAGS += -DSQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3_PARENTHESIS
LOCAL_CFLAGS += -DSQLITE_ENABLE_FTS4
LOCAL_CFLAGS += -DSQLITE_ENABLE_FTS5
LOCAL_CFLAGS += -DSQLITE_ENABLE_RTREE=1
LOCAL_CFLAGS += -DSQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA
LOCAL_CFLAGS += -DSQLITE_SOUNDEX


LOCAL_CFLAGS += -DHAVE_CONFIG_H -DKHTML_NO_EXCEPTIONS -DGKWQ_NO_JAVA
LOCAL_CFLAGS += -DNO_SUPPORT_JS_BINDING -DQT_NO_WHEELEVENT -DKHTML_NO_XBL
LOCAL_CFLAGS += -U__APPLE__
LOCAL_CFLAGS += -DHAVE_STRCHRNUL=0
LOCAL_CFLAGS += -Wno-unused-parameter -Wno-int-to-pointer-cast
LOCAL_CFLAGS += -Wno-maybe-uninitialized -Wno-parentheses

Changes to sqlite3/src/main/jni/sqlite/sqlite3.c.

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.....
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10188
** on how SQLite interfaces are supposed to operate.
**
** The name of this file under configuration management is "sqlite.h.in".
** The makefile makes some minor changes to this file (such as inserting
** the version number) and changes its name to "sqlite3.h" as
** part of the build process.
*/
#ifndef _SQLITE3_H_
#define _SQLITE3_H_
#include <stdarg.h>     /* Needed for the definition of va_list */

/*
** Make sure we can call this stuff from C++.
*/
#ifdef __cplusplus
extern "C" {
................................................................................
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_API
# define SQLITE_API
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_CDECL
# define SQLITE_CDECL
#endif



#ifndef SQLITE_STDCALL






# define SQLITE_STDCALL
#endif

/*
** These no-op macros are used in front of interfaces to mark those
** interfaces as either deprecated or experimental.  New applications
** should not use deprecated interfaces - they are supported for backwards
** compatibility only.  Application writers should be aware that
................................................................................
** with the value (X*1000000 + Y*1000 + Z) where X, Y, and Z are the same
** numbers used in [SQLITE_VERSION].)^
** The SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER for any given release of SQLite will also
** be larger than the release from which it is derived.  Either Y will
** be held constant and Z will be incremented or else Y will be incremented
** and Z will be reset to zero.
**

** Since version 3.6.18, SQLite source code has been stored in the
** <a href="http://www.fossil-scm.org/">Fossil configuration management
** system</a>.  ^The SQLITE_SOURCE_ID macro evaluates to
** a string which identifies a particular check-in of SQLite
** within its configuration management system.  ^The SQLITE_SOURCE_ID
** string contains the date and time of the check-in (UTC) and an SHA1
** hash of the entire source tree.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.13.0"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3013000
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2016-05-18 10:57:30 fc49f556e48970561d7ab6a2f24fdd7d9eb81ff2"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version, sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
** but are associated with the library instead of the header file.  ^(Cautious
** programmers might include assert() statements in their application to
** verify that values returned by these interfaces match the macros in
** the header, and thus ensure that the application is
................................................................................
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER].  ^The sqlite3_sourceid() function returns 
** a pointer to a string constant whose value is the same as the 
** [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macro.
**
** See also: [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
SQLITE_API SQLITE_EXTERN const char sqlite3_version[];
SQLITE_API const char *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_libversion(void);
SQLITE_API const char *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_sourceid(void);
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_libversion_number(void);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Compilation Options Diagnostics
**
** ^The sqlite3_compileoption_used() function returns 0 or 1 
** indicating whether the specified option was defined at 
** compile time.  ^The SQLITE_ prefix may be omitted from the 
................................................................................
** and sqlite3_compileoption_get() may be omitted by specifying the 
** [SQLITE_OMIT_COMPILEOPTION_DIAGS] option at compile time.
**
** See also: SQL functions [sqlite_compileoption_used()] and
** [sqlite_compileoption_get()] and the [compile_options pragma].
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_COMPILEOPTION_DIAGS
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_compileoption_used(const char *zOptName);
SQLITE_API const char *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_compileoption_get(int N);
#endif

/*
** CAPI3REF: Test To See If The Library Is Threadsafe
**
** ^The sqlite3_threadsafe() function returns zero if and only if
** SQLite was compiled with mutexing code omitted due to the
................................................................................
** sqlite3_threadsafe() function shows only the compile-time setting of
** thread safety, not any run-time changes to that setting made by
** sqlite3_config(). In other words, the return value from sqlite3_threadsafe()
** is unchanged by calls to sqlite3_config().)^
**
** See the [threading mode] documentation for additional information.
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_threadsafe(void);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Database Connection Handle
** KEYWORDS: {database connection} {database connections}
**
** Each open SQLite database is represented by a pointer to an instance of
** the opaque structure named "sqlite3".  It is useful to think of an sqlite3
................................................................................
** ^The sqlite3_int64 and sqlite_int64 types can store integer values
** between -9223372036854775808 and +9223372036854775807 inclusive.  ^The
** sqlite3_uint64 and sqlite_uint64 types can store integer values 
** between 0 and +18446744073709551615 inclusive.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_INT64_TYPE
  typedef SQLITE_INT64_TYPE sqlite_int64;



  typedef unsigned SQLITE_INT64_TYPE sqlite_uint64;

#elif defined(_MSC_VER) || defined(__BORLANDC__)
  typedef __int64 sqlite_int64;
  typedef unsigned __int64 sqlite_uint64;
#else
  typedef long long int sqlite_int64;
  typedef unsigned long long int sqlite_uint64;
#endif
................................................................................
** must be either a NULL
** pointer or an [sqlite3] object pointer obtained
** from [sqlite3_open()], [sqlite3_open16()], or
** [sqlite3_open_v2()], and not previously closed.
** ^Calling sqlite3_close() or sqlite3_close_v2() with a NULL pointer
** argument is a harmless no-op.
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_close(sqlite3*);
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_close_v2(sqlite3*);

/*
** The type for a callback function.
** This is legacy and deprecated.  It is included for historical
** compatibility and is not documented.
*/
typedef int (*sqlite3_callback)(void*,int,char**, char**);
................................................................................
**      is a valid and open [database connection].
** <li> The application must not close the [database connection] specified by
**      the 1st parameter to sqlite3_exec() while sqlite3_exec() is running.
** <li> The application must not modify the SQL statement text passed into
**      the 2nd parameter of sqlite3_exec() while sqlite3_exec() is running.
** </ul>
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_exec(
  sqlite3*,                                  /* An open database */
  const char *sql,                           /* SQL to be evaluated */
  int (*callback)(void*,int,char**,char**),  /* Callback function */
  void *,                                    /* 1st argument to callback */
  char **errmsg                              /* Error msg written here */
);

................................................................................
** CAPI3REF: Extended Result Codes
** KEYWORDS: {extended result code definitions}
**
** In its default configuration, SQLite API routines return one of 30 integer
** [result codes].  However, experience has shown that many of
** these result codes are too coarse-grained.  They do not provide as
** much information about problems as programmers might like.  In an effort to
** address this, newer versions of SQLite (version 3.3.8 and later) include

** support for additional result codes that provide more detailed information
** about errors. These [extended result codes] are enabled or disabled
** on a per database connection basis using the
** [sqlite3_extended_result_codes()] API.  Or, the extended code for
** the most recent error can be obtained using
** [sqlite3_extended_errcode()].
*/
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_UNIQUE       (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (8<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_VTAB         (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (9<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_ROWID        (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT |(10<<8))
#define SQLITE_NOTICE_RECOVER_WAL      (SQLITE_NOTICE | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_NOTICE_RECOVER_ROLLBACK (SQLITE_NOTICE | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_WARNING_AUTOINDEX       (SQLITE_WARNING | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_AUTH_USER               (SQLITE_AUTH | (1<<8))


/*
** CAPI3REF: Flags For File Open Operations
**
** These bit values are intended for use in the
** 3rd parameter to the [sqlite3_open_v2()] interface and
** in the 4th parameter to the [sqlite3_vfs.xOpen] method.
................................................................................
** way around.  The SQLITE_IOCAP_SEQUENTIAL property means that
** information is written to disk in the same order as calls
** to xWrite().  The SQLITE_IOCAP_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE property means that
** after reboot following a crash or power loss, the only bytes in a
** file that were written at the application level might have changed
** and that adjacent bytes, even bytes within the same sector are
** guaranteed to be unchanged.  The SQLITE_IOCAP_UNDELETABLE_WHEN_OPEN
** flag indicate that a file cannot be deleted when open.  The
** SQLITE_IOCAP_IMMUTABLE flag indicates that the file is on
** read-only media and cannot be changed even by processes with
** elevated privileges.
*/
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC                 0x00000001
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC512              0x00000002
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC1K               0x00000004
................................................................................
** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC4K]
** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC8K]
** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC16K]
** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC32K]
** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC64K]
** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_SAFE_APPEND]
** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_SEQUENTIAL]



** </ul>
**
** The SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC property means that all writes of
** any size are atomic.  The SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMICnnn values
** mean that writes of blocks that are nnn bytes in size and
** are aligned to an address which is an integer multiple of
** nnn are atomic.  The SQLITE_IOCAP_SAFE_APPEND value means
................................................................................
** the [SQLITE_USE_FCNTL_TRACE] compile-time option is enabled.
**
** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_HAS_MOVED]]
** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_HAS_MOVED] file control interprets its argument as a
** pointer to an integer and it writes a boolean into that integer depending
** on whether or not the file has been renamed, moved, or deleted since it
** was first opened.






**
** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_SET_HANDLE]]
** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_SET_HANDLE] opcode is used for debugging.  This
** opcode causes the xFileControl method to swap the file handle with the one
** pointed to by the pArg argument.  This capability is used during testing
** and only needs to be supported when SQLITE_TEST is defined.
**
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_COMMIT_PHASETWO        22
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_SET_HANDLE       23
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_WAL_BLOCK              24
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_ZIPVFS                 25
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_RBU                    26
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_VFS_POINTER            27
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_JOURNAL_POINTER        28



/* deprecated names */
#define SQLITE_GET_LOCKPROXYFILE      SQLITE_FCNTL_GET_LOCKPROXYFILE
#define SQLITE_SET_LOCKPROXYFILE      SQLITE_FCNTL_SET_LOCKPROXYFILE
#define SQLITE_LAST_ERRNO             SQLITE_FCNTL_LAST_ERRNO


................................................................................
** at the internal representation of an [sqlite3_mutex].  It only
** deals with pointers to the [sqlite3_mutex] object.
**
** Mutexes are created using [sqlite3_mutex_alloc()].
*/
typedef struct sqlite3_mutex sqlite3_mutex;











/*
** CAPI3REF: OS Interface Object
**
** An instance of the sqlite3_vfs object defines the interface between
** the SQLite core and the underlying operating system.  The "vfs"
** in the name of the object stands for "virtual file system".  See
** the [VFS | VFS documentation] for further information.
................................................................................
** (using the [SQLITE_OS_OTHER=1] compile-time
** option) the application must supply a suitable implementation for
** sqlite3_os_init() and sqlite3_os_end().  An application-supplied
** implementation of sqlite3_os_init() or sqlite3_os_end()
** must return [SQLITE_OK] on success and some other [error code] upon
** failure.
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_initialize(void);
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_shutdown(void);
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_os_init(void);
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_os_end(void);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Configuring The SQLite Library
**
** The sqlite3_config() interface is used to make global configuration
** changes to SQLite in order to tune SQLite to the specific needs of
** the application.  The default configuration is recommended for most
................................................................................
** vary depending on the [configuration option]
** in the first argument.
**
** ^When a configuration option is set, sqlite3_config() returns [SQLITE_OK].
** ^If the option is unknown or SQLite is unable to set the option
** then this routine returns a non-zero [error code].
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_CDECL sqlite3_config(int, ...);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Configure database connections
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** The sqlite3_db_config() interface is used to make configuration
** changes to a [database connection].  The interface is similar to
................................................................................
** [SQLITE_DBCONFIG_LOOKASIDE | configuration verb] - an integer code 
** that indicates what aspect of the [database connection] is being configured.
** Subsequent arguments vary depending on the configuration verb.
**
** ^Calls to sqlite3_db_config() return SQLITE_OK if and only if
** the call is considered successful.
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_CDECL sqlite3_db_config(sqlite3*, int op, ...);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Memory Allocation Routines
**
** An instance of this object defines the interface between SQLite
** and low-level memory allocation routines.
**
................................................................................
** <dt>SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_LOAD_EXTENSION</dt>
** <dd> ^This option is used to enable or disable the [sqlite3_load_extension()]
** interface independently of the [load_extension()] SQL function.
** The [sqlite3_enable_load_extension()] API enables or disables both the
** C-API [sqlite3_load_extension()] and the SQL function [load_extension()].
** There should be two additional arguments.
** When the first argument to this interface is 1, then only the C-API is
** enabled and the SQL function remains disabled.  If the first argment to
** this interface is 0, then both the C-API and the SQL function are disabled.
** If the first argument is -1, then no changes are made to state of either the
** C-API or the SQL function.
** The second parameter is a pointer to an integer into which
** is written 0 or 1 to indicate whether [sqlite3_load_extension()] interface
** is disabled or enabled following this call.  The second parameter may
** be a NULL pointer, in which case the new setting is not reported back.
** </dd>
**





















** </dl>
*/

#define SQLITE_DBCONFIG_LOOKASIDE             1001 /* void* int int */
#define SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_FKEY           1002 /* int int* */
#define SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_TRIGGER        1003 /* int int* */
#define SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_FTS3_TOKENIZER 1004 /* int int* */
#define SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_LOAD_EXTENSION 1005 /* int int* */



/*
** CAPI3REF: Enable Or Disable Extended Result Codes
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** ^The sqlite3_extended_result_codes() routine enables or disables the
** [extended result codes] feature of SQLite. ^The extended result
** codes are disabled by default for historical compatibility.
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_extended_result_codes(sqlite3*, int onoff);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Last Insert Rowid
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** ^Each entry in most SQLite tables (except for [WITHOUT ROWID] tables)
** has a unique 64-bit signed
** integer key called the [ROWID | "rowid"]. ^The rowid is always available
** as an undeclared column named ROWID, OID, or _ROWID_ as long as those
** names are not also used by explicitly declared columns. ^If
** the table has a column of type [INTEGER PRIMARY KEY] then that column
** is another alias for the rowid.
**
** ^The sqlite3_last_insert_rowid(D) interface returns the [rowid] of the 
** most recent successful [INSERT] into a rowid table or [virtual table]
** on database connection D.
** ^Inserts into [WITHOUT ROWID] tables are not recorded.
** ^If no successful [INSERT]s into rowid tables
** have ever occurred on the database connection D, 




** then sqlite3_last_insert_rowid(D) returns zero.
**









** ^(If an [INSERT] occurs within a trigger or within a [virtual table]
** method, then this routine will return the [rowid] of the inserted
** row as long as the trigger or virtual table method is running.
** But once the trigger or virtual table method ends, the value returned 

** by this routine reverts to what it was before the trigger or virtual
** table method began.)^
**
** ^An [INSERT] that fails due to a constraint violation is not a
** successful [INSERT] and does not change the value returned by this
** routine.  ^Thus INSERT OR FAIL, INSERT OR IGNORE, INSERT OR ROLLBACK,
** and INSERT OR ABORT make no changes to the return value of this
** routine when their insertion fails.  ^(When INSERT OR REPLACE
** encounters a constraint violation, it does not fail.  The
................................................................................
** If a separate thread performs a new [INSERT] on the same
** database connection while the [sqlite3_last_insert_rowid()]
** function is running and thus changes the last insert [rowid],
** then the value returned by [sqlite3_last_insert_rowid()] is
** unpredictable and might not equal either the old or the new
** last insert [rowid].
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3_int64 SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_last_insert_rowid(sqlite3*);











/*
** CAPI3REF: Count The Number Of Rows Modified
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** ^This function returns the number of rows modified, inserted or
** deleted by the most recently completed INSERT, UPDATE or DELETE
................................................................................
** See also the [sqlite3_total_changes()] interface, the
** [count_changes pragma], and the [changes() SQL function].
**
** If a separate thread makes changes on the same database connection
** while [sqlite3_changes()] is running then the value returned
** is unpredictable and not meaningful.
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_changes(sqlite3*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Total Number Of Rows Modified
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** ^This function returns the total number of rows inserted, modified or
** deleted by all [INSERT], [UPDATE] or [DELETE] statements completed
................................................................................
** See also the [sqlite3_changes()] interface, the
** [count_changes pragma], and the [total_changes() SQL function].
**
** If a separate thread makes changes on the same database connection
** while [sqlite3_total_changes()] is running then the value
** returned is unpredictable and not meaningful.
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_total_changes(sqlite3*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Interrupt A Long-Running Query
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** ^This function causes any pending database operation to abort and
** return at its earliest opportunity. This routine is typically
................................................................................
** ^A call to sqlite3_interrupt(D) that occurs when there are no running
** SQL statements is a no-op and has no effect on SQL statements
** that are started after the sqlite3_interrupt() call returns.
**
** If the database connection closes while [sqlite3_interrupt()]
** is running then bad things will likely happen.
*/
SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_interrupt(sqlite3*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Determine If An SQL Statement Is Complete
**
** These routines are useful during command-line input to determine if the
** currently entered text seems to form a complete SQL statement or
** if additional input is needed before sending the text into
................................................................................
**
** The input to [sqlite3_complete()] must be a zero-terminated
** UTF-8 string.
**
** The input to [sqlite3_complete16()] must be a zero-terminated
** UTF-16 string in native byte order.
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_complete(const char *sql);
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_complete16(const void *sql);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Register A Callback To Handle SQLITE_BUSY Errors
** KEYWORDS: {busy-handler callback} {busy handler}
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** ^The sqlite3_busy_handler(D,X,P) routine sets a callback function X
................................................................................
** database connection that invoked the busy handler.  In other words,
** the busy handler is not reentrant.  Any such actions
** result in undefined behavior.
** 
** A busy handler must not close the database connection
** or [prepared statement] that invoked the busy handler.
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_busy_handler(sqlite3*, int(*)(void*,int), void*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Set A Busy Timeout
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** ^This routine sets a [sqlite3_busy_handler | busy handler] that sleeps
** for a specified amount of time when a table is locked.  ^The handler
................................................................................
** ^(There can only be a single busy handler for a particular
** [database connection] at any given moment.  If another busy handler
** was defined  (using [sqlite3_busy_handler()]) prior to calling
** this routine, that other busy handler is cleared.)^
**
** See also:  [PRAGMA busy_timeout]
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_busy_timeout(sqlite3*, int ms);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Convenience Routines For Running Queries
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** This is a legacy interface that is preserved for backwards compatibility.
** Use of this interface is not recommended.
................................................................................
** [sqlite3_exec()].  The sqlite3_get_table() routine does not have access
** to any internal data structures of SQLite.  It uses only the public
** interface defined here.  As a consequence, errors that occur in the
** wrapper layer outside of the internal [sqlite3_exec()] call are not
** reflected in subsequent calls to [sqlite3_errcode()] or
** [sqlite3_errmsg()].
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_get_table(
  sqlite3 *db,          /* An open database */
  const char *zSql,     /* SQL to be evaluated */
  char ***pazResult,    /* Results of the query */
  int *pnRow,           /* Number of result rows written here */
  int *pnColumn,        /* Number of result columns written here */
  char **pzErrmsg       /* Error msg written here */
);
SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_free_table(char **result);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Formatted String Printing Functions
**
** These routines are work-alikes of the "printf()" family of functions
** from the standard C library.
** These routines understand most of the common K&R formatting options,
................................................................................
** character.)^  The "%w" formatting option is intended for safely inserting
** table and column names into a constructed SQL statement.
**
** ^(The "%z" formatting option works like "%s" but with the
** addition that after the string has been read and copied into
** the result, [sqlite3_free()] is called on the input string.)^
*/
SQLITE_API char *SQLITE_CDECL sqlite3_mprintf(const char*,...);
SQLITE_API char *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_vmprintf(const char*, va_list);
SQLITE_API char *SQLITE_CDECL sqlite3_snprintf(int,char*,const char*, ...);
SQLITE_API char *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_vsnprintf(int,char*,const char*, va_list);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Memory Allocation Subsystem
**
** The SQLite core uses these three routines for all of its own
** internal memory allocation needs. "Core" in the previous sentence
** does not include operating-system specific VFS implementation.  The
................................................................................
** invocation of [sqlite3_malloc()] or [sqlite3_realloc()] that have
** not yet been released.
**
** The application must not read or write any part of
** a block of memory after it has been released using
** [sqlite3_free()] or [sqlite3_realloc()].
*/
SQLITE_API void *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_malloc(int);
SQLITE_API void *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_malloc64(sqlite3_uint64);
SQLITE_API void *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_realloc(void*, int);
SQLITE_API void *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_realloc64(void*, sqlite3_uint64);
SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_free(void*);
SQLITE_API sqlite3_uint64 SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_msize(void*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Memory Allocator Statistics
**
** SQLite provides these two interfaces for reporting on the status
** of the [sqlite3_malloc()], [sqlite3_free()], and [sqlite3_realloc()]
** routines, which form the built-in memory allocation subsystem.
................................................................................
**
** ^The memory high-water mark is reset to the current value of
** [sqlite3_memory_used()] if and only if the parameter to
** [sqlite3_memory_highwater()] is true.  ^The value returned
** by [sqlite3_memory_highwater(1)] is the high-water mark
** prior to the reset.
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3_int64 SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_memory_used(void);
SQLITE_API sqlite3_int64 SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_memory_highwater(int resetFlag);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Pseudo-Random Number Generator
**
** SQLite contains a high-quality pseudo-random number generator (PRNG) used to
** select random [ROWID | ROWIDs] when inserting new records into a table that
** already uses the largest possible [ROWID].  The PRNG is also used for
................................................................................
** seeded using randomness obtained from the xRandomness method of
** the default [sqlite3_vfs] object.
** ^If the previous call to this routine had an N of 1 or more and a
** non-NULL P then the pseudo-randomness is generated
** internally and without recourse to the [sqlite3_vfs] xRandomness
** method.
*/
SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_randomness(int N, void *P);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Compile-Time Authorization Callbacks
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** ^This routine registers an authorizer callback with a particular
** [database connection], supplied in the first argument.
................................................................................
**
** ^Note that the authorizer callback is invoked only during
** [sqlite3_prepare()] or its variants.  Authorization is not
** performed during statement evaluation in [sqlite3_step()], unless
** as stated in the previous paragraph, sqlite3_step() invokes
** sqlite3_prepare_v2() to reprepare a statement after a schema change.
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_set_authorizer(
  sqlite3*,
  int (*xAuth)(void*,int,const char*,const char*,const char*,const char*),
  void *pUserData
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Authorizer Return Codes
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_SAVEPOINT            32   /* Operation       Savepoint Name  */
#define SQLITE_COPY                  0   /* No longer used */
#define SQLITE_RECURSIVE            33   /* NULL            NULL            */

/*
** CAPI3REF: Tracing And Profiling Functions
** METHOD: sqlite3



**
** These routines register callback functions that can be used for
** tracing and profiling the execution of SQL statements.
**
** ^The callback function registered by sqlite3_trace() is invoked at
** various times when an SQL statement is being run by [sqlite3_step()].
** ^The sqlite3_trace() callback is invoked with a UTF-8 rendering of the
................................................................................
** time is in units of nanoseconds, however the current implementation
** is only capable of millisecond resolution so the six least significant
** digits in the time are meaningless.  Future versions of SQLite
** might provide greater resolution on the profiler callback.  The
** sqlite3_profile() function is considered experimental and is
** subject to change in future versions of SQLite.
*/

SQLITE_API void *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_trace(sqlite3*, void(*xTrace)(void*,const char*), void*);
SQLITE_API SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL void *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_profile(sqlite3*,
   void(*xProfile)(void*,const char*,sqlite3_uint64), void*);






























































































/*
** CAPI3REF: Query Progress Callbacks
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** ^The sqlite3_progress_handler(D,N,X,P) interface causes the callback
** function X to be invoked periodically during long running calls to
................................................................................
**
** The progress handler callback must not do anything that will modify
** the database connection that invoked the progress handler.
** Note that [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] and [sqlite3_step()] both modify their
** database connections for the meaning of "modify" in this paragraph.
**
*/
SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_progress_handler(sqlite3*, int, int(*)(void*), void*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Opening A New Database Connection
** CONSTRUCTOR: sqlite3
**
** ^These routines open an SQLite database file as specified by the 
** filename argument. ^The filename argument is interpreted as UTF-8 for
................................................................................
**
** <b>Note to Windows Runtime users:</b>  The temporary directory must be set
** prior to calling sqlite3_open() or sqlite3_open_v2().  Otherwise, various
** features that require the use of temporary files may fail.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_temp_directory]
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_open(
  const char *filename,   /* Database filename (UTF-8) */
  sqlite3 **ppDb          /* OUT: SQLite db handle */
);
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_open16(
  const void *filename,   /* Database filename (UTF-16) */
  sqlite3 **ppDb          /* OUT: SQLite db handle */
);
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_open_v2(
  const char *filename,   /* Database filename (UTF-8) */
  sqlite3 **ppDb,         /* OUT: SQLite db handle */
  int flags,              /* Flags */
  const char *zVfs        /* Name of VFS module to use */
);

/*
................................................................................
** 
** If F is a NULL pointer, then sqlite3_uri_parameter(F,P) returns NULL and
** sqlite3_uri_boolean(F,P,B) returns B.  If F is not a NULL pointer and
** is not a database file pathname pointer that SQLite passed into the xOpen
** VFS method, then the behavior of this routine is undefined and probably
** undesirable.
*/
SQLITE_API const char *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_uri_parameter(const char *zFilename, const char *zParam);
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_uri_boolean(const char *zFile, const char *zParam, int bDefault);
SQLITE_API sqlite3_int64 SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_uri_int64(const char*, const char*, sqlite3_int64);


/*
** CAPI3REF: Error Codes And Messages
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** ^If the most recent sqlite3_* API call associated with 
................................................................................
** to use D and invoking [sqlite3_mutex_leave]([sqlite3_db_mutex](D)) after
** all calls to the interfaces listed here are completed.
**
** If an interface fails with SQLITE_MISUSE, that means the interface
** was invoked incorrectly by the application.  In that case, the
** error code and message may or may not be set.
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_errcode(sqlite3 *db);
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_extended_errcode(sqlite3 *db);
SQLITE_API const char *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_errmsg(sqlite3*);
SQLITE_API const void *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_errmsg16(sqlite3*);
SQLITE_API const char *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_errstr(int);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Prepared Statement Object
** KEYWORDS: {prepared statement} {prepared statements}
**
** An instance of this object represents a single SQL statement that
** has been compiled into binary form and is ready to be evaluated.
................................................................................
** attack.  Developers might also want to use the [sqlite3_set_authorizer()]
** interface to further control untrusted SQL.  The size of the database
** created by an untrusted script can be contained using the
** [max_page_count] [PRAGMA].
**
** New run-time limit categories may be added in future releases.
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_limit(sqlite3*, int id, int newVal);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Limit Categories
** KEYWORDS: {limit category} {*limit categories}
**
** These constants define various performance limits
** that can be lowered at run-time using [sqlite3_limit()].
................................................................................
** <dd>The maximum depth of the parse tree on any expression.</dd>)^
**
** [[SQLITE_LIMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_LIMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT</dt>
** <dd>The maximum number of terms in a compound SELECT statement.</dd>)^
**
** [[SQLITE_LIMIT_VDBE_OP]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_LIMIT_VDBE_OP</dt>
** <dd>The maximum number of instructions in a virtual machine program
** used to implement an SQL statement.  This limit is not currently
** enforced, though that might be added in some future release of
** SQLite.</dd>)^
**
** [[SQLITE_LIMIT_FUNCTION_ARG]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_LIMIT_FUNCTION_ARG</dt>
** <dd>The maximum number of arguments on a function.</dd>)^
**
** [[SQLITE_LIMIT_ATTACHED]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_LIMIT_ATTACHED</dt>
** <dd>The maximum number of [ATTACH | attached databases].)^</dd>
**
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_LIMIT_VDBE_OP                   5
#define SQLITE_LIMIT_FUNCTION_ARG              6
#define SQLITE_LIMIT_ATTACHED                  7
#define SQLITE_LIMIT_LIKE_PATTERN_LENGTH       8
#define SQLITE_LIMIT_VARIABLE_NUMBER           9
#define SQLITE_LIMIT_TRIGGER_DEPTH            10
#define SQLITE_LIMIT_WORKER_THREADS           11


/*
** CAPI3REF: Compiling An SQL Statement
** KEYWORDS: {SQL statement compiler}
** METHOD: sqlite3
** CONSTRUCTOR: sqlite3_stmt
**
................................................................................
** ^The specific value of WHERE-clause [parameter] might influence the 
** choice of query plan if the parameter is the left-hand side of a [LIKE]
** or [GLOB] operator or if the parameter is compared to an indexed column
** and the [SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3] compile-time option is enabled.
** </li>
** </ol>
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_prepare(
  sqlite3 *db,            /* Database handle */
  const char *zSql,       /* SQL statement, UTF-8 encoded */
  int nByte,              /* Maximum length of zSql in bytes. */
  sqlite3_stmt **ppStmt,  /* OUT: Statement handle */
  const char **pzTail     /* OUT: Pointer to unused portion of zSql */
);
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_prepare_v2(
  sqlite3 *db,            /* Database handle */
  const char *zSql,       /* SQL statement, UTF-8 encoded */
  int nByte,              /* Maximum length of zSql in bytes. */
  sqlite3_stmt **ppStmt,  /* OUT: Statement handle */
  const char **pzTail     /* OUT: Pointer to unused portion of zSql */
);
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_prepare16(
  sqlite3 *db,            /* Database handle */
  const void *zSql,       /* SQL statement, UTF-16 encoded */
  int nByte,              /* Maximum length of zSql in bytes. */
  sqlite3_stmt **ppStmt,  /* OUT: Statement handle */
  const void **pzTail     /* OUT: Pointer to unused portion of zSql */
);
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_prepare16_v2(
  sqlite3 *db,            /* Database handle */
  const void *zSql,       /* SQL statement, UTF-16 encoded */
  int nByte,              /* Maximum length of zSql in bytes. */
  sqlite3_stmt **ppStmt,  /* OUT: Statement handle */
  const void **pzTail     /* OUT: Pointer to unused portion of zSql */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Retrieving Statement SQL
** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
**
** ^This interface can be used to retrieve a saved copy of the original
** SQL text used to create a [prepared statement] if that statement was
** compiled using either [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] or [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()].























*/
SQLITE_API const char *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_sql(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);


/*
** CAPI3REF: Determine If An SQL Statement Writes The Database
** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
**
** ^The sqlite3_stmt_readonly(X) interface returns true (non-zero) if
** and only if the [prepared statement] X makes no direct changes to
................................................................................
** [SAVEPOINT], and [RELEASE] cause sqlite3_stmt_readonly() to return true,
** since the statements themselves do not actually modify the database but
** rather they control the timing of when other statements modify the 
** database.  ^The [ATTACH] and [DETACH] statements also cause
** sqlite3_stmt_readonly() to return true since, while those statements
** change the configuration of a database connection, they do not make 
** changes to the content of the database files on disk.




*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_stmt_readonly(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Determine If A Prepared Statement Has Been Reset
** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
**
** ^The sqlite3_stmt_busy(S) interface returns true (non-zero) if the
** [prepared statement] S has been stepped at least once using 
................................................................................
**
** This interface can be used in combination [sqlite3_next_stmt()]
** to locate all prepared statements associated with a database 
** connection that are in need of being reset.  This can be used,
** for example, in diagnostic routines to search for prepared 
** statements that are holding a transaction open.
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_stmt_busy(sqlite3_stmt*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Dynamically Typed Value Object
** KEYWORDS: {protected sqlite3_value} {unprotected sqlite3_value}
**
** SQLite uses the sqlite3_value object to represent all values
** that can be stored in a database table. SQLite uses dynamic typing
................................................................................
** [SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH].
** ^[SQLITE_RANGE] is returned if the parameter
** index is out of range.  ^[SQLITE_NOMEM] is returned if malloc() fails.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_bind_parameter_count()],
** [sqlite3_bind_parameter_name()], and [sqlite3_bind_parameter_index()].
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_bind_blob(sqlite3_stmt*, int, const void*, int n, void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_bind_blob64(sqlite3_stmt*, int, const void*, sqlite3_uint64,
                        void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_bind_double(sqlite3_stmt*, int, double);
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_bind_int(sqlite3_stmt*, int, int);
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_bind_int64(sqlite3_stmt*, int, sqlite3_int64);
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_bind_null(sqlite3_stmt*, int);
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_bind_text(sqlite3_stmt*,int,const char*,int,void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_bind_text16(sqlite3_stmt*, int, const void*, int, void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_bind_text64(sqlite3_stmt*, int, const char*, sqlite3_uint64,
                         void(*)(void*), unsigned char encoding);
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_bind_value(sqlite3_stmt*, int, const sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_bind_zeroblob(sqlite3_stmt*, int, int n);
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_bind_zeroblob64(sqlite3_stmt*, int, sqlite3_uint64);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Number Of SQL Parameters
** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
**
** ^This routine can be used to find the number of [SQL parameters]
** in a [prepared statement].  SQL parameters are tokens of the
................................................................................
** number of unique parameters.  If parameters of the ?NNN form are used,
** there may be gaps in the list.)^
**
** See also: [sqlite3_bind_blob|sqlite3_bind()],
** [sqlite3_bind_parameter_name()], and
** [sqlite3_bind_parameter_index()].
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_bind_parameter_count(sqlite3_stmt*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Name Of A Host Parameter
** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
**
** ^The sqlite3_bind_parameter_name(P,N) interface returns
** the name of the N-th [SQL parameter] in the [prepared statement] P.
................................................................................
** originally specified as UTF-16 in [sqlite3_prepare16()] or
** [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()].
**
** See also: [sqlite3_bind_blob|sqlite3_bind()],
** [sqlite3_bind_parameter_count()], and
** [sqlite3_bind_parameter_index()].
*/
SQLITE_API const char *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_bind_parameter_name(sqlite3_stmt*, int);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Index Of A Parameter With A Given Name
** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
**
** ^Return the index of an SQL parameter given its name.  ^The
** index value returned is suitable for use as the second
................................................................................
** name must be given in UTF-8 even if the original statement
** was prepared from UTF-16 text using [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()].
**
** See also: [sqlite3_bind_blob|sqlite3_bind()],
** [sqlite3_bind_parameter_count()], and
** [sqlite3_bind_parameter_name()].
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_bind_parameter_index(sqlite3_stmt*, const char *zName);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Reset All Bindings On A Prepared Statement
** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
**
** ^Contrary to the intuition of many, [sqlite3_reset()] does not reset
** the [sqlite3_bind_blob | bindings] on a [prepared statement].
** ^Use this routine to reset all host parameters to NULL.
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_clear_bindings(sqlite3_stmt*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Number Of Columns In A Result Set
** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
**
** ^Return the number of columns in the result set returned by the
** [prepared statement]. ^This routine returns 0 if pStmt is an SQL
** statement that does not return data (for example an [UPDATE]).




**
** See also: [sqlite3_data_count()]
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_column_count(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Column Names In A Result Set
** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
**
** ^These routines return the name assigned to a particular column
** in the result set of a [SELECT] statement.  ^The sqlite3_column_name()
................................................................................
** NULL pointer is returned.
**
** ^The name of a result column is the value of the "AS" clause for
** that column, if there is an AS clause.  If there is no AS clause
** then the name of the column is unspecified and may change from
** one release of SQLite to the next.
*/
SQLITE_API const char *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_column_name(sqlite3_stmt*, int N);
SQLITE_API const void *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_column_name16(sqlite3_stmt*, int N);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Source Of Data In A Query Result
** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
**
** ^These routines provide a means to determine the database, table, and
** table column that is the origin of a particular result column in
................................................................................
** undefined.
**
** If two or more threads call one or more
** [sqlite3_column_database_name | column metadata interfaces]
** for the same [prepared statement] and result column
** at the same time then the results are undefined.
*/
SQLITE_API const char *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_column_database_name(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
SQLITE_API const void *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_column_database_name16(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
SQLITE_API const char *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_column_table_name(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
SQLITE_API const void *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_column_table_name16(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
SQLITE_API const char *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_column_origin_name(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
SQLITE_API const void *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_column_origin_name16(sqlite3_stmt*,int);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Declared Datatype Of A Query Result
** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
**
** ^(The first parameter is a [prepared statement].
** If this statement is a [SELECT] statement and the Nth column of the
................................................................................
** ^SQLite uses dynamic run-time typing.  ^So just because a column
** is declared to contain a particular type does not mean that the
** data stored in that column is of the declared type.  SQLite is
** strongly typed, but the typing is dynamic not static.  ^Type
** is associated with individual values, not with the containers
** used to hold those values.
*/
SQLITE_API const char *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_column_decltype(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
SQLITE_API const void *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_column_decltype16(sqlite3_stmt*,int);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Evaluate An SQL Statement
** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
**
** After a [prepared statement] has been prepared using either
** [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] or [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()] or one of the legacy
................................................................................
** more threads at the same moment in time.
**
** For all versions of SQLite up to and including 3.6.23.1, a call to
** [sqlite3_reset()] was required after sqlite3_step() returned anything
** other than [SQLITE_ROW] before any subsequent invocation of
** sqlite3_step().  Failure to reset the prepared statement using 
** [sqlite3_reset()] would result in an [SQLITE_MISUSE] return from

** sqlite3_step().  But after version 3.6.23.1, sqlite3_step() began
** calling [sqlite3_reset()] automatically in this circumstance rather
** than returning [SQLITE_MISUSE].  This is not considered a compatibility
** break because any application that ever receives an SQLITE_MISUSE error
** is broken by definition.  The [SQLITE_OMIT_AUTORESET] compile-time option
** can be used to restore the legacy behavior.
**
** <b>Goofy Interface Alert:</b> In the legacy interface, the sqlite3_step()
................................................................................
** We admit that this is a goofy design.  The problem has been fixed
** with the "v2" interface.  If you prepare all of your SQL statements
** using either [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] or [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()] instead
** of the legacy [sqlite3_prepare()] and [sqlite3_prepare16()] interfaces,
** then the more specific [error codes] are returned directly
** by sqlite3_step().  The use of the "v2" interface is recommended.
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_step(sqlite3_stmt*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Number of columns in a result set
** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
**
** ^The sqlite3_data_count(P) interface returns the number of columns in the
** current row of the result set of [prepared statement] P.
................................................................................
** will return non-zero if previous call to [sqlite3_step](P) returned
** [SQLITE_ROW], except in the case of the [PRAGMA incremental_vacuum]
** where it always returns zero since each step of that multi-step
** pragma returns 0 columns of data.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_column_count()]
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_data_count(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Fundamental Datatypes
** KEYWORDS: SQLITE_TEXT
**
** ^(Every value in SQLite has one of five fundamental datatypes:
**
................................................................................
**
** ^(If a memory allocation error occurs during the evaluation of any
** of these routines, a default value is returned.  The default value
** is either the integer 0, the floating point number 0.0, or a NULL
** pointer.  Subsequent calls to [sqlite3_errcode()] will return
** [SQLITE_NOMEM].)^
*/
SQLITE_API const void *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_column_blob(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_column_bytes(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_column_bytes16(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
SQLITE_API double SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_column_double(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_column_int(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
SQLITE_API sqlite3_int64 SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_column_int64(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
SQLITE_API const unsigned char *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_column_text(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
SQLITE_API const void *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_column_text16(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_column_type(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
SQLITE_API sqlite3_value *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_column_value(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Destroy A Prepared Statement Object
** DESTRUCTOR: sqlite3_stmt
**
** ^The sqlite3_finalize() function is called to delete a [prepared statement].
** ^If the most recent evaluation of the statement encountered no errors
................................................................................
**
** The application must finalize every [prepared statement] in order to avoid
** resource leaks.  It is a grievous error for the application to try to use
** a prepared statement after it has been finalized.  Any use of a prepared
** statement after it has been finalized can result in undefined and
** undesirable behavior such as segfaults and heap corruption.
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_finalize(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Reset A Prepared Statement Object
** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
**
** The sqlite3_reset() function is called to reset a [prepared statement]
** object back to its initial state, ready to be re-executed.
................................................................................
** ^If the most recent call to [sqlite3_step(S)] for the
** [prepared statement] S indicated an error, then
** [sqlite3_reset(S)] returns an appropriate [error code].
**
** ^The [sqlite3_reset(S)] interface does not change the values
** of any [sqlite3_bind_blob|bindings] on the [prepared statement] S.
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_reset(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Create Or Redefine SQL Functions
** KEYWORDS: {function creation routines}
** KEYWORDS: {application-defined SQL function}
** KEYWORDS: {application-defined SQL functions}
** METHOD: sqlite3
................................................................................
** ^Built-in functions may be overloaded by new application-defined functions.
**
** ^An application-defined function is permitted to call other
** SQLite interfaces.  However, such calls must not
** close the database connection nor finalize or reset the prepared
** statement in which the function is running.
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_create_function(
  sqlite3 *db,
  const char *zFunctionName,
  int nArg,
  int eTextRep,
  void *pApp,
  void (*xFunc)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**),
  void (*xStep)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**),
  void (*xFinal)(sqlite3_context*)
);
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_create_function16(
  sqlite3 *db,
  const void *zFunctionName,
  int nArg,
  int eTextRep,
  void *pApp,
  void (*xFunc)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**),
  void (*xStep)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**),
  void (*xFinal)(sqlite3_context*)
);
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_create_function_v2(
  sqlite3 *db,
  const char *zFunctionName,
  int nArg,
  int eTextRep,
  void *pApp,
  void (*xFunc)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**),
  void (*xStep)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**),
................................................................................
** These functions are [deprecated].  In order to maintain
** backwards compatibility with older code, these functions continue 
** to be supported.  However, new applications should avoid
** the use of these functions.  To encourage programmers to avoid
** these functions, we will not explain what they do.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_DEPRECATED
SQLITE_API SQLITE_DEPRECATED int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_aggregate_count(sqlite3_context*);
SQLITE_API SQLITE_DEPRECATED int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_expired(sqlite3_stmt*);
SQLITE_API SQLITE_DEPRECATED int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_transfer_bindings(sqlite3_stmt*, sqlite3_stmt*);
SQLITE_API SQLITE_DEPRECATED int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_global_recover(void);
SQLITE_API SQLITE_DEPRECATED void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_thread_cleanup(void);
SQLITE_API SQLITE_DEPRECATED int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_memory_alarm(void(*)(void*,sqlite3_int64,int),
                      void*,sqlite3_int64);
#endif

/*
** CAPI3REF: Obtaining SQL Values
** METHOD: sqlite3_value
**
................................................................................
** [sqlite3_value_text16()] can be invalidated by a subsequent call to
** [sqlite3_value_bytes()], [sqlite3_value_bytes16()], [sqlite3_value_text()],
** or [sqlite3_value_text16()].
**
** These routines must be called from the same thread as
** the SQL function that supplied the [sqlite3_value*] parameters.
*/
SQLITE_API const void *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_value_blob(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_value_bytes(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_value_bytes16(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API double SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_value_double(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_value_int(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API sqlite3_int64 SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_value_int64(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API const unsigned char *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_value_text(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API const void *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_value_text16(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API const void *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_value_text16le(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API const void *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_value_text16be(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_value_type(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_value_numeric_type(sqlite3_value*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Finding The Subtype Of SQL Values
** METHOD: sqlite3_value
**
** The sqlite3_value_subtype(V) function returns the subtype for
** an [application-defined SQL function] argument V.  The subtype
................................................................................
** one SQL function to another.  Use the [sqlite3_result_subtype()]
** routine to set the subtype for the return value of an SQL function.
**
** SQLite makes no use of subtype itself.  It merely passes the subtype
** from the result of one [application-defined SQL function] into the
** input of another.
*/
SQLITE_API unsigned int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_value_subtype(sqlite3_value*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Copy And Free SQL Values
** METHOD: sqlite3_value
**
** ^The sqlite3_value_dup(V) interface makes a copy of the [sqlite3_value]
** object D and returns a pointer to that copy.  ^The [sqlite3_value] returned
................................................................................
** ^The sqlite3_value_dup(V) interface returns NULL if V is NULL or if a
** memory allocation fails.
**
** ^The sqlite3_value_free(V) interface frees an [sqlite3_value] object
** previously obtained from [sqlite3_value_dup()].  ^If V is a NULL pointer
** then sqlite3_value_free(V) is a harmless no-op.
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3_value *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_value_dup(const sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_value_free(sqlite3_value*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Obtain Aggregate Function Context
** METHOD: sqlite3_context
**
** Implementations of aggregate SQL functions use this
** routine to allocate memory for storing their state.
................................................................................
** [sqlite3_context | SQL function context] that is the first parameter
** to the xStep or xFinal callback routine that implements the aggregate
** function.
**
** This routine must be called from the same thread in which
** the aggregate SQL function is running.
*/
SQLITE_API void *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_aggregate_context(sqlite3_context*, int nBytes);

/*
** CAPI3REF: User Data For Functions
** METHOD: sqlite3_context
**
** ^The sqlite3_user_data() interface returns a copy of
** the pointer that was the pUserData parameter (the 5th parameter)
................................................................................
** of the [sqlite3_create_function()]
** and [sqlite3_create_function16()] routines that originally
** registered the application defined function.
**
** This routine must be called from the same thread in which
** the application-defined function is running.
*/
SQLITE_API void *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_user_data(sqlite3_context*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Database Connection For Functions
** METHOD: sqlite3_context
**
** ^The sqlite3_context_db_handle() interface returns a copy of
** the pointer to the [database connection] (the 1st parameter)
** of the [sqlite3_create_function()]
** and [sqlite3_create_function16()] routines that originally
** registered the application defined function.
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3 *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_context_db_handle(sqlite3_context*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Function Auxiliary Data
** METHOD: sqlite3_context
**
** These functions may be used by (non-aggregate) SQL functions to
** associate metadata with argument values. If the same value is passed to
................................................................................
** calls to sqlite3_get_auxdata(C,N) return P from the most recent
** sqlite3_set_auxdata(C,N,P,X) call if the metadata is still valid or
** NULL if the metadata has been discarded.
** ^After each call to sqlite3_set_auxdata(C,N,P,X) where X is not NULL,
** SQLite will invoke the destructor function X with parameter P exactly
** once, when the metadata is discarded.
** SQLite is free to discard the metadata at any time, including: <ul>
** <li> when the corresponding function parameter changes, or
** <li> when [sqlite3_reset()] or [sqlite3_finalize()] is called for the
**      SQL statement, or
** <li> when sqlite3_set_auxdata() is invoked again on the same parameter, or

** <li> during the original sqlite3_set_auxdata() call when a memory 
**      allocation error occurs. </ul>)^
**
** Note the last bullet in particular.  The destructor X in 
** sqlite3_set_auxdata(C,N,P,X) might be called immediately, before the
** sqlite3_set_auxdata() interface even returns.  Hence sqlite3_set_auxdata()
** should be called near the end of the function implementation and the
** function implementation should not make any use of P after
** sqlite3_set_auxdata() has been called.
................................................................................
** ^(In practice, metadata is preserved between function calls for
** function parameters that are compile-time constants, including literal
** values and [parameters] and expressions composed from the same.)^
**
** These routines must be called from the same thread in which
** the SQL function is running.
*/
SQLITE_API void *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_get_auxdata(sqlite3_context*, int N);
SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_set_auxdata(sqlite3_context*, int N, void*, void (*)(void*));


/*
** CAPI3REF: Constants Defining Special Destructor Behavior
**
** These are special values for the destructor that is passed in as the
** final argument to routines like [sqlite3_result_blob()].  ^If the destructor
................................................................................
** [unprotected sqlite3_value] object is required, so either
** kind of [sqlite3_value] object can be used with this interface.
**
** If these routines are called from within the different thread
** than the one containing the application-defined function that received
** the [sqlite3_context] pointer, the results are undefined.
*/
SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_result_blob(sqlite3_context*, const void*, int, void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_result_blob64(sqlite3_context*,const void*,
                           sqlite3_uint64,void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_result_double(sqlite3_context*, double);
SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_result_error(sqlite3_context*, const char*, int);
SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_result_error16(sqlite3_context*, const void*, int);
SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_result_error_toobig(sqlite3_context*);
SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_result_error_nomem(sqlite3_context*);
SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_result_error_code(sqlite3_context*, int);
SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_result_int(sqlite3_context*, int);
SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_result_int64(sqlite3_context*, sqlite3_int64);
SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_result_null(sqlite3_context*);
SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_result_text(sqlite3_context*, const char*, int, void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_result_text64(sqlite3_context*, const char*,sqlite3_uint64,
                           void(*)(void*), unsigned char encoding);
SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_result_text16(sqlite3_context*, const void*, int, void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_result_text16le(sqlite3_context*, const void*, int,void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_result_text16be(sqlite3_context*, const void*, int,void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_result_value(sqlite3_context*, sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_result_zeroblob(sqlite3_context*, int n);
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_result_zeroblob64(sqlite3_context*, sqlite3_uint64 n);


/*
** CAPI3REF: Setting The Subtype Of An SQL Function
** METHOD: sqlite3_context
**
** The sqlite3_result_subtype(C,T) function causes the subtype of
................................................................................
** the result from the [application-defined SQL function] with 
** [sqlite3_context] C to be the value T.  Only the lower 8 bits 
** of the subtype T are preserved in current versions of SQLite;
** higher order bits are discarded.
** The number of subtype bytes preserved by SQLite might increase
** in future releases of SQLite.
*/
SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_result_subtype(sqlite3_context*,unsigned int);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Define New Collating Sequences
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** ^These functions add, remove, or modify a [collation] associated
** with the [database connection] specified as the first argument.
................................................................................
** themselves rather than expecting SQLite to deal with it for them.
** This is different from every other SQLite interface.  The inconsistency 
** is unfortunate but cannot be changed without breaking backwards 
** compatibility.
**
** See also:  [sqlite3_collation_needed()] and [sqlite3_collation_needed16()].
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_create_collation(
  sqlite3*, 
  const char *zName, 
  int eTextRep, 
  void *pArg,
  int(*xCompare)(void*,int,const void*,int,const void*)
);
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_create_collation_v2(
  sqlite3*, 
  const char *zName, 
  int eTextRep, 
  void *pArg,
  int(*xCompare)(void*,int,const void*,int,const void*),
  void(*xDestroy)(void*)
);
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_create_collation16(
  sqlite3*, 
  const void *zName,
  int eTextRep, 
  void *pArg,
  int(*xCompare)(void*,int,const void*,int,const void*)
);

................................................................................
** sequence function required.  The fourth parameter is the name of the
** required collation sequence.)^
**
** The callback function should register the desired collation using
** [sqlite3_create_collation()], [sqlite3_create_collation16()], or
** [sqlite3_create_collation_v2()].
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_collation_needed(
  sqlite3*, 
  void*, 
  void(*)(void*,sqlite3*,int eTextRep,const char*)
);
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_collation_needed16(
  sqlite3*, 
  void*,
  void(*)(void*,sqlite3*,int eTextRep,const void*)
);

#ifdef SQLITE_HAS_CODEC
/*
** Specify the key for an encrypted database.  This routine should be
** called right after sqlite3_open().
**
** The code to implement this API is not available in the public release
** of SQLite.
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_key(
  sqlite3 *db,                   /* Database to be rekeyed */
  const void *pKey, int nKey     /* The key */
);
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_key_v2(
  sqlite3 *db,                   /* Database to be rekeyed */
  const char *zDbName,           /* Name of the database */
  const void *pKey, int nKey     /* The key */
);

/*
** Change the key on an open database.  If the current database is not
** encrypted, this routine will encrypt it.  If pNew==0 or nNew==0, the
** database is decrypted.
**
** The code to implement this API is not available in the public release
** of SQLite.
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_rekey(
  sqlite3 *db,                   /* Database to be rekeyed */
  const void *pKey, int nKey     /* The new key */
);
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_rekey_v2(
  sqlite3 *db,                   /* Database to be rekeyed */
  const char *zDbName,           /* Name of the database */
  const void *pKey, int nKey     /* The new key */
);

/*
** Specify the activation key for a SEE database.  Unless 
** activated, none of the SEE routines will work.
*/
SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_activate_see(
  const char *zPassPhrase        /* Activation phrase */
);
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_CEROD
/*
** Specify the activation key for a CEROD database.  Unless 
** activated, none of the CEROD routines will work.
*/
SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_activate_cerod(
  const char *zPassPhrase        /* Activation phrase */
);
#endif

/*
** CAPI3REF: Suspend Execution For A Short Time
**
................................................................................
**
** ^SQLite implements this interface by calling the xSleep()
** method of the default [sqlite3_vfs] object.  If the xSleep() method
** of the default VFS is not implemented correctly, or not implemented at
** all, then the behavior of sqlite3_sleep() may deviate from the description
** in the previous paragraphs.
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_sleep(int);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Name Of The Folder Holding Temporary Files
**
** ^(If this global variable is made to point to a string which is
** the name of a folder (a.k.a. directory), then all temporary files
** created by SQLite when using a built-in [sqlite3_vfs | VFS]
................................................................................
** find out whether SQLite automatically rolled back the transaction after
** an error is to use this function.
**
** If another thread changes the autocommit status of the database
** connection while this routine is running, then the return value
** is undefined.
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_get_autocommit(sqlite3*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Find The Database Handle Of A Prepared Statement
** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
**
** ^The sqlite3_db_handle interface returns the [database connection] handle
** to which a [prepared statement] belongs.  ^The [database connection]
** returned by sqlite3_db_handle is the same [database connection]
** that was the first argument
** to the [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] call (or its variants) that was used to
** create the statement in the first place.
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3 *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_db_handle(sqlite3_stmt*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Return The Filename For A Database Connection
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** ^The sqlite3_db_filename(D,N) interface returns a pointer to a filename
** associated with database N of connection D.  ^The main database file
................................................................................
** a NULL pointer is returned.
**
** ^The filename returned by this function is the output of the
** xFullPathname method of the [VFS].  ^In other words, the filename
** will be an absolute pathname, even if the filename used
** to open the database originally was a URI or relative pathname.
*/
SQLITE_API const char *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_db_filename(sqlite3 *db, const char *zDbName);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Determine if a database is read-only
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** ^The sqlite3_db_readonly(D,N) interface returns 1 if the database N
** of connection D is read-only, 0 if it is read/write, or -1 if N is not
** the name of a database on connection D.
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_db_readonly(sqlite3 *db, const char *zDbName);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Find the next prepared statement
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** ^This interface returns a pointer to the next [prepared statement] after
** pStmt associated with the [database connection] pDb.  ^If pStmt is NULL
................................................................................
** associated with the database connection pDb.  ^If no prepared statement
** satisfies the conditions of this routine, it returns NULL.
**
** The [database connection] pointer D in a call to
** [sqlite3_next_stmt(D,S)] must refer to an open database
** connection and in particular must not be a NULL pointer.
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3_stmt *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_next_stmt(sqlite3 *pDb, sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Commit And Rollback Notification Callbacks
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** ^The sqlite3_commit_hook() interface registers a callback
** function to be invoked whenever a transaction is [COMMIT | committed].
................................................................................
** rolled back if an explicit "ROLLBACK" statement is executed, or
** an error or constraint causes an implicit rollback to occur.
** ^The rollback callback is not invoked if a transaction is
** automatically rolled back because the database connection is closed.
**
** See also the [sqlite3_update_hook()] interface.
*/
SQLITE_API void *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_commit_hook(sqlite3*, int(*)(void*), void*);
SQLITE_API void *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_rollback_hook(sqlite3*, void(*)(void *), void*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Data Change Notification Callbacks
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** ^The sqlite3_update_hook() interface registers a callback function
** with the [database connection] identified by the first argument
................................................................................
** ^In the case of an update, this is the [rowid] after the update takes place.
**
** ^(The update hook is not invoked when internal system tables are
** modified (i.e. sqlite_master and sqlite_sequence).)^
** ^The update hook is not invoked when [WITHOUT ROWID] tables are modified.
**
** ^In the current implementation, the update hook
** is not invoked when duplication rows are deleted because of an
** [ON CONFLICT | ON CONFLICT REPLACE] clause.  ^Nor is the update hook
** invoked when rows are deleted using the [truncate optimization].
** The exceptions defined in this paragraph might change in a future
** release of SQLite.
**
** The update hook implementation must not do anything that will modify
** the database connection that invoked the update hook.  Any actions
................................................................................
** returns the P argument from the previous call
** on the same [database connection] D, or NULL for
** the first call on D.
**
** See also the [sqlite3_commit_hook()], [sqlite3_rollback_hook()],
** and [sqlite3_preupdate_hook()] interfaces.
*/
SQLITE_API void *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_update_hook(
  sqlite3*, 
  void(*)(void *,int ,char const *,char const *,sqlite3_int64),
  void*
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Enable Or Disable Shared Pager Cache
................................................................................
**
** ^(This routine enables or disables the sharing of the database cache
** and schema data structures between [database connection | connections]
** to the same database. Sharing is enabled if the argument is true
** and disabled if the argument is false.)^
**
** ^Cache sharing is enabled and disabled for an entire process.

** This is a change as of SQLite version 3.5.0. In prior versions of SQLite,
** sharing was enabled or disabled for each thread separately.
**
** ^(The cache sharing mode set by this interface effects all subsequent
** calls to [sqlite3_open()], [sqlite3_open_v2()], and [sqlite3_open16()].
** Existing database connections continue use the sharing mode
** that was in effect at the time they were opened.)^
**
................................................................................
** [sqlite3_open_v2()] with [SQLITE_OPEN_SHAREDCACHE].
**
** This interface is threadsafe on processors where writing a
** 32-bit integer is atomic.
**
** See Also:  [SQLite Shared-Cache Mode]
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_enable_shared_cache(int);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Attempt To Free Heap Memory
**
** ^The sqlite3_release_memory() interface attempts to free N bytes
** of heap memory by deallocating non-essential memory allocations
** held by the database library.   Memory used to cache database
................................................................................
** ^sqlite3_release_memory() returns the number of bytes actually freed,
** which might be more or less than the amount requested.
** ^The sqlite3_release_memory() routine is a no-op returning zero
** if SQLite is not compiled with [SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT].
**
** See also: [sqlite3_db_release_memory()]
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_release_memory(int);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Free Memory Used By A Database Connection
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** ^The sqlite3_db_release_memory(D) interface attempts to free as much heap
** memory as possible from database connection D. Unlike the
** [sqlite3_release_memory()] interface, this interface is in effect even
** when the [SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT] compile-time option is
** omitted.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_release_memory()]
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_db_release_memory(sqlite3*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Impose A Limit On Heap Size
**
** ^The sqlite3_soft_heap_limit64() interface sets and/or queries the
** soft limit on the amount of heap memory that may be allocated by SQLite.
** ^SQLite strives to keep heap memory utilization below the soft heap
................................................................................
** <li> An alternative page cache implementation is specified using
**      [sqlite3_config]([SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE2],...).
** <li> The page cache allocates from its own memory pool supplied
**      by [sqlite3_config]([SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE],...) rather than
**      from the heap.
** </ul>)^
**

** Beginning with SQLite version 3.7.3, the soft heap limit is enforced
** regardless of whether or not the [SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT]
** compile-time option is invoked.  With [SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT],
** the soft heap limit is enforced on every memory allocation.  Without
** [SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT], the soft heap limit is only enforced
** when memory is allocated by the page cache.  Testing suggests that because
** the page cache is the predominate memory user in SQLite, most
** applications will achieve adequate soft heap limit enforcement without
** the use of [SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT].
**
** The circumstances under which SQLite will enforce the soft heap limit may
** changes in future releases of SQLite.
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3_int64 SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_soft_heap_limit64(sqlite3_int64 N);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Deprecated Soft Heap Limit Interface
** DEPRECATED
**
** This is a deprecated version of the [sqlite3_soft_heap_limit64()]
** interface.  This routine is provided for historical compatibility
** only.  All new applications should use the
** [sqlite3_soft_heap_limit64()] interface rather than this one.
*/
SQLITE_API SQLITE_DEPRECATED void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_soft_heap_limit(int N);


/*
** CAPI3REF: Extract Metadata About A Column Of A Table
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** ^(The sqlite3_table_column_metadata(X,D,T,C,....) routine returns
................................................................................
** information about column C of table T in database D
** on [database connection] X.)^  ^The sqlite3_table_column_metadata()
** interface returns SQLITE_OK and fills in the non-NULL pointers in
** the final five arguments with appropriate values if the specified
** column exists.  ^The sqlite3_table_column_metadata() interface returns
** SQLITE_ERROR and if the specified column does not exist.
** ^If the column-name parameter to sqlite3_table_column_metadata() is a
** NULL pointer, then this routine simply checks for the existance of the
** table and returns SQLITE_OK if the table exists and SQLITE_ERROR if it
** does not.
**
** ^The column is identified by the second, third and fourth parameters to
** this function. ^(The second parameter is either the name of the database
** (i.e. "main", "temp", or an attached database) containing the specified
** table or NULL.)^ ^If it is NULL, then all attached databases are searched
................................................................................
**     auto increment: 0
** </pre>)^
**
** ^This function causes all database schemas to be read from disk and
** parsed, if that has not already been done, and returns an error if
** any errors are encountered while loading the schema.
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_table_column_metadata(
  sqlite3 *db,                /* Connection handle */
  const char *zDbName,        /* Database name or NULL */
  const char *zTableName,     /* Table name */
  const char *zColumnName,    /* Column name */
  char const **pzDataType,    /* OUTPUT: Declared data type */
  char const **pzCollSeq,     /* OUTPUT: Collation sequence name */
  int *pNotNull,              /* OUTPUT: True if NOT NULL constraint exists */
................................................................................
** interface.  The use of the [sqlite3_enable_load_extension()] interface
** should be avoided.  This will keep the SQL function [load_extension()]
** disabled and prevent SQL injections from giving attackers
** access to extension loading capabilities.
**
** See also the [load_extension() SQL function].
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_load_extension(
  sqlite3 *db,          /* Load the extension into this database connection */
  const char *zFile,    /* Name of the shared library containing extension */
  const char *zProc,    /* Entry point.  Derived from zFile if 0 */
  char **pzErrMsg       /* Put error message here if not 0 */
);

/*
................................................................................
** ^Extension loading is off by default.
** ^Call the sqlite3_enable_load_extension() routine with onoff==1
** to turn extension loading on and call it with onoff==0 to turn
** it back off again.
**
** ^This interface enables or disables both the C-API
** [sqlite3_load_extension()] and the SQL function [load_extension()].
** Use [sqlite3_db_config](db,[SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_LOAD_EXTENSION],..)
** to enable or disable only the C-API.
**
** <b>Security warning:</b> It is recommended that extension loading
** be disabled using the [SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_LOAD_EXTENSION] method
** rather than this interface, so the [load_extension()] SQL function
** remains disabled. This will prevent SQL injections from giving attackers
** access to extension loading capabilities.
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_enable_load_extension(sqlite3 *db, int onoff);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Automatically Load Statically Linked Extensions
**
** ^This interface causes the xEntryPoint() function to be invoked for
** each new [database connection] that is created.  The idea here is that
** xEntryPoint() is the entry point for a statically linked [SQLite extension]
** that is to be automatically loaded into all new database connections.
**
** ^(Even though the function prototype shows that xEntryPoint() takes
** no arguments and returns void, SQLite invokes xEntryPoint() with three
** arguments and expects and integer result as if the signature of the
** entry point where as follows:
**
** <blockquote><pre>
** &nbsp;  int xEntryPoint(
** &nbsp;    sqlite3 *db,
** &nbsp;    const char **pzErrMsg,
** &nbsp;    const struct sqlite3_api_routines *pThunk
................................................................................
** ^Calling sqlite3_auto_extension(X) with an entry point X that is already
** on the list of automatic extensions is a harmless no-op. ^No entry point
** will be called more than once for each database connection that is opened.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_reset_auto_extension()]
** and [sqlite3_cancel_auto_extension()]
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_auto_extension(void (*xEntryPoint)(void));

/*
** CAPI3REF: Cancel Automatic Extension Loading
**
** ^The [sqlite3_cancel_auto_extension(X)] interface unregisters the
** initialization routine X that was registered using a prior call to
** [sqlite3_auto_extension(X)].  ^The [sqlite3_cancel_auto_extension(X)]
** routine returns 1 if initialization routine X was successfully 
** unregistered and it returns 0 if X was not on the list of initialization
** routines.
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_cancel_auto_extension(void (*xEntryPoint)(void));

/*
** CAPI3REF: Reset Automatic Extension Loading
**
** ^This interface disables all automatic extensions previously
** registered using [sqlite3_auto_extension()].
*/
SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_reset_auto_extension(void);

/*
** The interface to the virtual-table mechanism is currently considered
** to be experimental.  The interface might change in incompatible ways.
** If this is a problem for you, do not use the interface at this time.
**
** When the virtual-table mechanism stabilizes, we will declare the
................................................................................
** any database changes. In other words, if the xUpdate() returns
** SQLITE_CONSTRAINT, the database contents must be exactly as they were
** before xUpdate was called. By contrast, if SQLITE_INDEX_SCAN_UNIQUE is not
** set and xUpdate returns SQLITE_CONSTRAINT, any database changes made by
** the xUpdate method are automatically rolled back by SQLite.
**
** IMPORTANT: The estimatedRows field was added to the sqlite3_index_info

** structure for SQLite version 3.8.2. If a virtual table extension is
** used with an SQLite version earlier than 3.8.2, the results of attempting 
** to read or write the estimatedRows field are undefined (but are likely 
** to included crashing the application). The estimatedRows field should
** therefore only be used if [sqlite3_libversion_number()] returns a
** value greater than or equal to 3008002. Similarly, the idxFlags field

** was added for version 3.9.0. It may therefore only be used if
** sqlite3_libversion_number() returns a value greater than or equal to
** 3009000.
*/
struct sqlite3_index_info {
  /* Inputs */
  int nConstraint;           /* Number of entries in aConstraint */
  struct sqlite3_index_constraint {
................................................................................
** invoke the destructor function (if it is not NULL) when SQLite
** no longer needs the pClientData pointer.  ^The destructor will also
** be invoked if the call to sqlite3_create_module_v2() fails.
** ^The sqlite3_create_module()
** interface is equivalent to sqlite3_create_module_v2() with a NULL
** destructor.
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_create_module(
  sqlite3 *db,               /* SQLite connection to register module with */
  const char *zName,         /* Name of the module */
  const sqlite3_module *p,   /* Methods for the module */
  void *pClientData          /* Client data for xCreate/xConnect */
);
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_create_module_v2(
  sqlite3 *db,               /* SQLite connection to register module with */
  const char *zName,         /* Name of the module */
  const sqlite3_module *p,   /* Methods for the module */
  void *pClientData,         /* Client data for xCreate/xConnect */
  void(*xDestroy)(void*)     /* Module destructor function */
);

................................................................................
** CAPI3REF: Declare The Schema Of A Virtual Table
**
** ^The [xCreate] and [xConnect] methods of a
** [virtual table module] call this interface
** to declare the format (the names and datatypes of the columns) of
** the virtual tables they implement.
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_declare_vtab(sqlite3*, const char *zSQL);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Overload A Function For A Virtual Table
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** ^(Virtual tables can provide alternative implementations of functions
** using the [xFindFunction] method of the [virtual table module].  
................................................................................
** name and number of parameters exists.  If no such function exists
** before this API is called, a new function is created.)^  ^The implementation
** of the new function always causes an exception to be thrown.  So
** the new function is not good for anything by itself.  Its only
** purpose is to be a placeholder function that can be overloaded
** by a [virtual table].
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_overload_function(sqlite3*, const char *zFuncName, int nArg);

/*
** The interface to the virtual-table mechanism defined above (back up
** to a comment remarkably similar to this one) is currently considered
** to be experimental.  The interface might change in incompatible ways.
** If this is a problem for you, do not use the interface at this time.
**
................................................................................
**         being opened for read/write access)^.
** </ul>
**
** ^Unless it returns SQLITE_MISUSE, this function sets the 
** [database connection] error code and message accessible via 
** [sqlite3_errcode()] and [sqlite3_errmsg()] and related functions. 
**






**
** ^(If the row that a BLOB handle points to is modified by an
** [UPDATE], [DELETE], or by [ON CONFLICT] side-effects
** then the BLOB handle is marked as "expired".
** This is true if any column of the row is changed, even a column
** other than the one the BLOB handle is open on.)^
** ^Calls to [sqlite3_blob_read()] and [sqlite3_blob_write()] for
................................................................................
**
** ^The [sqlite3_bind_zeroblob()] and [sqlite3_result_zeroblob()] interfaces
** and the built-in [zeroblob] SQL function may be used to create a 
** zero-filled blob to read or write using the incremental-blob interface.
**
** To avoid a resource leak, every open [BLOB handle] should eventually
** be released by a call to [sqlite3_blob_close()].




*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_blob_open(
  sqlite3*,
  const char *zDb,
  const char *zTable,
  const char *zColumn,
  sqlite3_int64 iRow,
  int flags,
  sqlite3_blob **ppBlob
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Move a BLOB Handle to a New Row
** METHOD: sqlite3_blob
**
** ^This function is used to move an existing blob handle so that it points
** to a different row of the same database table. ^The new row is identified
** by the rowid value passed as the second argument. Only the row can be
** changed. ^The database, table and column on which the blob handle is open
** remain the same. Moving an existing blob handle to a new row can be
** faster than closing the existing handle and opening a new one.
**
** ^(The new row must meet the same criteria as for [sqlite3_blob_open()] -
** it must exist and there must be either a blob or text value stored in
** the nominated column.)^ ^If the new row is not present in the table, or if
** it does not contain a blob or text value, or if another error occurs, an
** SQLite error code is returned and the blob handle is considered aborted.
................................................................................
** ^All subsequent calls to [sqlite3_blob_read()], [sqlite3_blob_write()] or
** [sqlite3_blob_reopen()] on an aborted blob handle immediately return
** SQLITE_ABORT. ^Calling [sqlite3_blob_bytes()] on an aborted blob handle
** always returns zero.
**
** ^This function sets the database handle error code and message.
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_blob_reopen(sqlite3_blob *, sqlite3_int64);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Close A BLOB Handle
** DESTRUCTOR: sqlite3_blob
**
** ^This function closes an open [BLOB handle]. ^(The BLOB handle is closed
** unconditionally.  Even if this routine returns an error code, the 
................................................................................
** Calling this function with an argument that is not a NULL pointer or an
** open blob handle results in undefined behaviour. ^Calling this routine 
** with a null pointer (such as would be returned by a failed call to 
** [sqlite3_blob_open()]) is a harmless no-op. ^Otherwise, if this function
** is passed a valid open blob handle, the values returned by the 
** sqlite3_errcode() and sqlite3_errmsg() functions are set before returning.
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_blob_close(sqlite3_blob *);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Return The Size Of An Open BLOB
** METHOD: sqlite3_blob
**
** ^Returns the size in bytes of the BLOB accessible via the 
** successfully opened [BLOB handle] in its only argument.  ^The
................................................................................
** blob content; they cannot change the size of a blob.
**
** This routine only works on a [BLOB handle] which has been created
** by a prior successful call to [sqlite3_blob_open()] and which has not
** been closed by [sqlite3_blob_close()].  Passing any other pointer in
** to this routine results in undefined and probably undesirable behavior.
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_blob_bytes(sqlite3_blob *);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Read Data From A BLOB Incrementally
** METHOD: sqlite3_blob
**
** ^(This function is used to read data from an open [BLOB handle] into a
** caller-supplied buffer. N bytes of data are copied into buffer Z
................................................................................
** This routine only works on a [BLOB handle] which has been created
** by a prior successful call to [sqlite3_blob_open()] and which has not
** been closed by [sqlite3_blob_close()].  Passing any other pointer in
** to this routine results in undefined and probably undesirable behavior.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_blob_write()].
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_blob_read(sqlite3_blob *, void *Z, int N, int iOffset);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Write Data Into A BLOB Incrementally
** METHOD: sqlite3_blob
**
** ^(This function is used to write data into an open [BLOB handle] from a
** caller-supplied buffer. N bytes of data are copied from the buffer Z
................................................................................
** This routine only works on a [BLOB handle] which has been created
** by a prior successful call to [sqlite3_blob_open()] and which has not
** been closed by [sqlite3_blob_close()].  Passing any other pointer in
** to this routine results in undefined and probably undesirable behavior.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_blob_read()].
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_blob_write(sqlite3_blob *, const void *z, int n, int iOffset);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Virtual File System Objects
**
** A virtual filesystem (VFS) is an [sqlite3_vfs] object
** that SQLite uses to interact
** with the underlying operating system.  Most SQLite builds come with a
................................................................................
** VFS is registered with a name that is NULL or an empty string,
** then the behavior is undefined.
**
** ^Unregister a VFS with the sqlite3_vfs_unregister() interface.
** ^(If the default VFS is unregistered, another VFS is chosen as
** the default.  The choice for the new VFS is arbitrary.)^
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3_vfs *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_vfs_find(const char *zVfsName);
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_vfs_register(sqlite3_vfs*, int makeDflt);
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_vfs_unregister(sqlite3_vfs*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Mutexes
**
** The SQLite core uses these routines for thread
** synchronization. Though they are intended for internal
** use by SQLite, code that links against SQLite is
................................................................................
**
** ^If the argument to sqlite3_mutex_enter(), sqlite3_mutex_try(), or
** sqlite3_mutex_leave() is a NULL pointer, then all three routines
** behave as no-ops.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_mutex_held()] and [sqlite3_mutex_notheld()].
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3_mutex *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_mutex_alloc(int);
SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_mutex_free(sqlite3_mutex*);
SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_mutex_enter(sqlite3_mutex*);
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_mutex_try(sqlite3_mutex*);
SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_mutex_leave(sqlite3_mutex*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Mutex Methods Object
**
** An instance of this structure defines the low-level routines
** used to allocate and use mutexes.
**
................................................................................
** the reason the mutex does not exist is because the build is not
** using mutexes.  And we do not want the assert() containing the
** call to sqlite3_mutex_held() to fail, so a non-zero return is
** the appropriate thing to do.  The sqlite3_mutex_notheld()
** interface should also return 1 when given a NULL pointer.
*/
#ifndef NDEBUG
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_mutex_held(sqlite3_mutex*);
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_mutex_notheld(sqlite3_mutex*);
#endif

/*
** CAPI3REF: Mutex Types
**
** The [sqlite3_mutex_alloc()] interface takes a single argument
** which is one of these integer constants.
................................................................................
*/
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST             0
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE        1
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER    2
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM       3  /* sqlite3_malloc() */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM2      4  /* NOT USED */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_OPEN      4  /* sqlite3BtreeOpen() */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PRNG      5  /* sqlite3_random() */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_LRU       6  /* lru page list */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_LRU2      7  /* NOT USED */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PMEM      7  /* sqlite3PageMalloc() */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP1      8  /* For use by application */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP2      9  /* For use by application */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP3     10  /* For use by application */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_VFS1     11  /* For use by built-in VFS */
................................................................................
**
** ^This interface returns a pointer the [sqlite3_mutex] object that 
** serializes access to the [database connection] given in the argument
** when the [threading mode] is Serialized.
** ^If the [threading mode] is Single-thread or Multi-thread then this
** routine returns a NULL pointer.
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3_mutex *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_db_mutex(sqlite3*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Low-Level Control Of Database Files
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** ^The [sqlite3_file_control()] interface makes a direct call to the
** xFileControl method for the [sqlite3_io_methods] object associated
................................................................................
** or [sqlite3_errmsg()].  The underlying xFileControl method might
** also return SQLITE_ERROR.  There is no way to distinguish between
** an incorrect zDbName and an SQLITE_ERROR return from the underlying
** xFileControl method.
**
** See also: [SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE]
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_file_control(sqlite3*, const char *zDbName, int op, void*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Testing Interface
**
** ^The sqlite3_test_control() interface is used to read out internal
** state of SQLite and to inject faults into SQLite for testing
** purposes.  ^The first parameter is an operation code that determines
................................................................................
** on how the SQLite library is compiled, this interface might not exist.
**
** The details of the operation codes, their meanings, the parameters
** they take, and what they do are all subject to change without notice.
** Unlike most of the SQLite API, this function is not guaranteed to
** operate consistently from one release to the next.
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_CDECL sqlite3_test_control(int op, ...);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Testing Interface Operation Codes
**
** These constants are the valid operation code parameters used
** as the first argument to [sqlite3_test_control()].
**
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ALWAYS                  13
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_RESERVE                 14
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_OPTIMIZATIONS           15
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ISKEYWORD               16
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_SCRATCHMALLOC           17
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_LOCALTIME_FAULT         18
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_EXPLAIN_STMT            19  /* NOT USED */

#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_NEVER_CORRUPT           20
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_VDBE_COVERAGE           21
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_BYTEORDER               22
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ISINIT                  23
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_SORTER_MMAP             24
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_IMPOSTER                25
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_LAST                    25
................................................................................
**
** If either the current value or the highwater mark is too large to
** be represented by a 32-bit integer, then the values returned by
** sqlite3_status() are undefined.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_db_status()]
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_status(int op, int *pCurrent, int *pHighwater, int resetFlag);
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_status64(
  int op,
  sqlite3_int64 *pCurrent,
  sqlite3_int64 *pHighwater,
  int resetFlag
);


................................................................................
** reset back down to the current value.
**
** ^The sqlite3_db_status() routine returns SQLITE_OK on success and a
** non-zero [error code] on failure.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_status()] and [sqlite3_stmt_status()].
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_db_status(sqlite3*, int op, int *pCur, int *pHiwtr, int resetFlg);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Status Parameters for database connections
** KEYWORDS: {SQLITE_DBSTATUS options}
**
** These constants are the available integer "verbs" that can be passed as
** the second argument to the [sqlite3_db_status()] interface.
................................................................................
** the current value is always zero.)^
**
** [[SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_USED]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_USED</dt>
** <dd>This parameter returns the approximate number of bytes of heap
** memory used by all pager caches associated with the database connection.)^
** ^The highwater mark associated with SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_USED is always 0.
**












** [[SQLITE_DBSTATUS_SCHEMA_USED]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_DBSTATUS_SCHEMA_USED</dt>
** <dd>This parameter returns the approximate number of bytes of heap
** memory used to store the schema for all databases associated
** with the connection - main, temp, and any [ATTACH]-ed databases.)^ 
** ^The full amount of memory used by the schemas is reported, even if the
** schema memory is shared with other database connections due to
** [shared cache mode] being enabled.
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_HIT        4
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_MISS_SIZE  5
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_MISS_FULL  6
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_HIT            7
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_MISS           8
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_WRITE          9
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_DEFERRED_FKS        10

#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_MAX                 10   /* Largest defined DBSTATUS */


/*
** CAPI3REF: Prepared Statement Status
** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
**
** ^(Each prepared statement maintains various
................................................................................
** to be interrogated.)^
** ^The current value of the requested counter is returned.
** ^If the resetFlg is true, then the counter is reset to zero after this
** interface call returns.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_status()] and [sqlite3_db_status()].
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_stmt_status(sqlite3_stmt*, int op,int resetFlg);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Status Parameters for prepared statements
** KEYWORDS: {SQLITE_STMTSTATUS counter} {SQLITE_STMTSTATUS counters}
**
** These preprocessor macros define integer codes that name counter
** values associated with the [sqlite3_stmt_status()] interface.
................................................................................
** The [sqlite3_backup] object itself is partially threadsafe. Multiple 
** threads may safely make multiple concurrent calls to sqlite3_backup_step().
** However, the sqlite3_backup_remaining() and sqlite3_backup_pagecount()
** APIs are not strictly speaking threadsafe. If they are invoked at the
** same time as another thread is invoking sqlite3_backup_step() it is
** possible that they return invalid values.
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3_backup *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_backup_init(
  sqlite3 *pDest,                        /* Destination database handle */
  const char *zDestName,                 /* Destination database name */
  sqlite3 *pSource,                      /* Source database handle */
  const char *zSourceName                /* Source database name */
);
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_backup_step(sqlite3_backup *p, int nPage);
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_backup_finish(sqlite3_backup *p);
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_backup_remaining(sqlite3_backup *p);
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_backup_pagecount(sqlite3_backup *p);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Unlock Notification
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** ^When running in shared-cache mode, a database operation may fail with
** an [SQLITE_LOCKED] error if the required locks on the shared-cache or
................................................................................
**
** One way around this problem is to check the extended error code returned
** by an sqlite3_step() call. ^(If there is a blocking connection, then the
** extended error code is set to SQLITE_LOCKED_SHAREDCACHE. Otherwise, in
** the special "DROP TABLE/INDEX" case, the extended error code is just 
** SQLITE_LOCKED.)^
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_unlock_notify(
  sqlite3 *pBlocked,                          /* Waiting connection */
  void (*xNotify)(void **apArg, int nArg),    /* Callback function to invoke */
  void *pNotifyArg                            /* Argument to pass to xNotify */
);


/*
................................................................................
** CAPI3REF: String Comparison
**
** ^The [sqlite3_stricmp()] and [sqlite3_strnicmp()] APIs allow applications
** and extensions to compare the contents of two buffers containing UTF-8
** strings in a case-independent fashion, using the same definition of "case
** independence" that SQLite uses internally when comparing identifiers.
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_stricmp(const char *, const char *);
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_strnicmp(const char *, const char *, int);

/*
** CAPI3REF: String Globbing
*
** ^The [sqlite3_strglob(P,X)] interface returns zero if and only if
** string X matches the [GLOB] pattern P.
** ^The definition of [GLOB] pattern matching used in
................................................................................
** is case sensitive.
**
** Note that this routine returns zero on a match and non-zero if the strings
** do not match, the same as [sqlite3_stricmp()] and [sqlite3_strnicmp()].
**
** See also: [sqlite3_strlike()].
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_strglob(const char *zGlob, const char *zStr);

/*
** CAPI3REF: String LIKE Matching
*
** ^The [sqlite3_strlike(P,X,E)] interface returns zero if and only if
** string X matches the [LIKE] pattern P with escape character E.
** ^The definition of [LIKE] pattern matching used in
................................................................................
** only ASCII characters are case folded.
**
** Note that this routine returns zero on a match and non-zero if the strings
** do not match, the same as [sqlite3_stricmp()] and [sqlite3_strnicmp()].
**
** See also: [sqlite3_strglob()].
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_strlike(const char *zGlob, const char *zStr, unsigned int cEsc);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Error Logging Interface
**
** ^The [sqlite3_log()] interface writes a message into the [error log]
** established by the [SQLITE_CONFIG_LOG] option to [sqlite3_config()].
** ^If logging is enabled, the zFormat string and subsequent arguments are
................................................................................
**
** To avoid deadlocks and other threading problems, the sqlite3_log() routine
** will not use dynamically allocated memory.  The log message is stored in
** a fixed-length buffer on the stack.  If the log message is longer than
** a few hundred characters, it will be truncated to the length of the
** buffer.
*/
SQLITE_API void SQLITE_CDECL sqlite3_log(int iErrCode, const char *zFormat, ...);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Write-Ahead Log Commit Hook
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** ^The [sqlite3_wal_hook()] function is used to register a callback that
** is invoked each time data is committed to a database in wal mode.
................................................................................
** A single database handle may have at most a single write-ahead log callback 
** registered at one time. ^Calling [sqlite3_wal_hook()] replaces any
** previously registered write-ahead log callback. ^Note that the
** [sqlite3_wal_autocheckpoint()] interface and the
** [wal_autocheckpoint pragma] both invoke [sqlite3_wal_hook()] and will
** overwrite any prior [sqlite3_wal_hook()] settings.
*/
SQLITE_API void *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_wal_hook(
  sqlite3*, 
  int(*)(void *,sqlite3*,const char*,int),
  void*
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Configure an auto-checkpoint
................................................................................
**
** ^Every new [database connection] defaults to having the auto-checkpoint
** enabled with a threshold of 1000 or [SQLITE_DEFAULT_WAL_AUTOCHECKPOINT]
** pages.  The use of this interface
** is only necessary if the default setting is found to be suboptimal
** for a particular application.
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_wal_autocheckpoint(sqlite3 *db, int N);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Checkpoint a database
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** ^(The sqlite3_wal_checkpoint(D,X) is equivalent to
** [sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2](D,X,[SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE],0,0).)^
................................................................................
** This interface used to be the only way to cause a checkpoint to
** occur.  But then the newer and more powerful [sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2()]
** interface was added.  This interface is retained for backwards
** compatibility and as a convenience for applications that need to manually
** start a callback but which do not need the full power (and corresponding
** complication) of [sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2()].
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_wal_checkpoint(sqlite3 *db, const char *zDb);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Checkpoint a database
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** ^(The sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2(D,X,M,L,C) interface runs a checkpoint
** operation on database X of [database connection] D in mode M.  Status
................................................................................
** the sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2() interface
** sets the error information that is queried by
** [sqlite3_errcode()] and [sqlite3_errmsg()].
**
** ^The [PRAGMA wal_checkpoint] command can be used to invoke this interface
** from SQL.
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2(
  sqlite3 *db,                    /* Database handle */
  const char *zDb,                /* Name of attached database (or NULL) */
  int eMode,                      /* SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_* value */
  int *pnLog,                     /* OUT: Size of WAL log in frames */
  int *pnCkpt                     /* OUT: Total number of frames checkpointed */
);

................................................................................
** If this interface is invoked outside the context of an xConnect or
** xCreate virtual table method then the behavior is undefined.
**
** At present, there is only one option that may be configured using
** this function. (See [SQLITE_VTAB_CONSTRAINT_SUPPORT].)  Further options
** may be added in the future.
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_CDECL sqlite3_vtab_config(sqlite3*, int op, ...);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Virtual Table Configuration Options
**
** These macros define the various options to the
** [sqlite3_vtab_config()] interface that [virtual table] implementations
** can use to customize and optimize their behavior.
................................................................................
** This function may only be called from within a call to the [xUpdate] method
** of a [virtual table] implementation for an INSERT or UPDATE operation. ^The
** value returned is one of [SQLITE_ROLLBACK], [SQLITE_IGNORE], [SQLITE_FAIL],
** [SQLITE_ABORT], or [SQLITE_REPLACE], according to the [ON CONFLICT] mode
** of the SQL statement that triggered the call to the [xUpdate] method of the
** [virtual table].
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_vtab_on_conflict(sqlite3 *);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Conflict resolution modes
** KEYWORDS: {conflict resolution mode}
**
** These constants are returned by [sqlite3_vtab_on_conflict()] to
** inform a [virtual table] implementation what the [ON CONFLICT] mode
................................................................................
** ^Statistics might not be available for all loops in all statements. ^In cases
** where there exist loops with no available statistics, this function behaves
** as if the loop did not exist - it returns non-zero and leave the variable
** that pOut points to unchanged.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_stmt_scanstatus_reset()]
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_stmt_scanstatus(
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt,      /* Prepared statement for which info desired */
  int idx,                  /* Index of loop to report on */
  int iScanStatusOp,        /* Information desired.  SQLITE_SCANSTAT_* */
  void *pOut                /* Result written here */
);     

/*
................................................................................
** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
**
** ^Zero all [sqlite3_stmt_scanstatus()] related event counters.
**
** This API is only available if the library is built with pre-processor
** symbol [SQLITE_ENABLE_STMT_SCANSTATUS] defined.
*/
SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_stmt_scanstatus_reset(sqlite3_stmt*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Flush caches to disk mid-transaction
**
** ^If a write-transaction is open on [database connection] D when the
** [sqlite3_db_cacheflush(D)] interface invoked, any dirty
** pages in the pager-cache that are not currently in use are written out 
................................................................................
** abandoned and an SQLite [error code] is returned to the caller immediately.
**
** ^Otherwise, if no error occurs, [sqlite3_db_cacheflush()] returns SQLITE_OK.
**
** ^This function does not set the database handle error code or message
** returned by the [sqlite3_errcode()] and [sqlite3_errmsg()] functions.
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_db_cacheflush(sqlite3*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: The pre-update hook.
**
** ^These interfaces are only available if SQLite is compiled using the
** [SQLITE_ENABLE_PREUPDATE_HOOK] compile-time option.
**
** ^The [sqlite3_preupdate_hook()] interface registers a callback function
** that is invoked prior to each [INSERT], [UPDATE], and [DELETE] operation
** on a [rowid table].
** ^At most one preupdate hook may be registered at a time on a single
** [database connection]; each call to [sqlite3_preupdate_hook()] overrides
** the previous setting.
** ^The preupdate hook is disabled by invoking [sqlite3_preupdate_hook()]
** with a NULL pointer as the second parameter.
** ^The third parameter to [sqlite3_preupdate_hook()] is passed through as
** the first parameter to callbacks.
**
** ^The preupdate hook only fires for changes to [rowid tables]; the preupdate
** hook is not invoked for changes to [virtual tables] or [WITHOUT ROWID]
** tables.
**
** ^The second parameter to the preupdate callback is a pointer to
** the [database connection] that registered the preupdate hook.
** ^The third parameter to the preupdate callback is one of the constants
** [SQLITE_INSERT], [SQLITE_DELETE], or [SQLITE_UPDATE] to indentify the
** kind of update operation that is about to occur.
** ^(The fourth parameter to the preupdate callback is the name of the
** database within the database connection that is being modified.  This
** will be "main" for the main database or "temp" for TEMP tables or 
** the name given after the AS keyword in the [ATTACH] statement for attached
** databases.)^
** ^The fifth parameter to the preupdate callback is the name of the
** table that is being modified.


** ^The sixth parameter to the preupdate callback is the initial [rowid] of the
** row being changes for SQLITE_UPDATE and SQLITE_DELETE changes and is
** undefined for SQLITE_INSERT changes.
** ^The seventh parameter to the preupdate callback is the final [rowid] of
** the row being changed for SQLITE_UPDATE and SQLITE_INSERT changes and is
** undefined for SQLITE_DELETE changes.




**
** The [sqlite3_preupdate_old()], [sqlite3_preupdate_new()],
** [sqlite3_preupdate_count()], and [sqlite3_preupdate_depth()] interfaces
** provide additional information about a preupdate event. These routines
** may only be called from within a preupdate callback.  Invoking any of
** these routines from outside of a preupdate callback or with a
** [database connection] pointer that is different from the one supplied
................................................................................
** callback was invoked as a result of a direct insert, update, or delete
** operation; or 1 for inserts, updates, or deletes invoked by top-level 
** triggers; or 2 for changes resulting from triggers called by top-level
** triggers; and so forth.
**
** See also:  [sqlite3_update_hook()]
*/

SQLITE_API SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL void *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_preupdate_hook(
  sqlite3 *db,
  void(*xPreUpdate)(
    void *pCtx,                   /* Copy of third arg to preupdate_hook() */
    sqlite3 *db,                  /* Database handle */
    int op,                       /* SQLITE_UPDATE, DELETE or INSERT */
    char const *zDb,              /* Database name */
    char const *zName,            /* Table name */
    sqlite3_int64 iKey1,          /* Rowid of row about to be deleted/updated */
    sqlite3_int64 iKey2           /* New rowid value (for a rowid UPDATE) */
  ),
  void*
);
SQLITE_API SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_preupdate_old(sqlite3 *, int, sqlite3_value **);
SQLITE_API SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_preupdate_count(sqlite3 *);
SQLITE_API SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_preupdate_depth(sqlite3 *);
SQLITE_API SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_preupdate_new(sqlite3 *, int, sqlite3_value **);


/*
** CAPI3REF: Low-level system error code
**
** ^Attempt to return the underlying operating system error code or error
** number that caused the most recent I/O error or failure to open a file.
** The return value is OS-dependent.  For example, on unix systems, after
** [sqlite3_open_v2()] returns [SQLITE_CANTOPEN], this interface could be
** called to get back the underlying "errno" that caused the problem, such
** as ENOSPC, EAUTH, EISDIR, and so forth.  
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_system_errno(sqlite3*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Database Snapshot
** KEYWORDS: {snapshot}
** EXPERIMENTAL
**
** An instance of the snapshot object records the state of a [WAL mode]
** database for some specific point in history.
**
** In [WAL mode], multiple [database connections] that are open on the
** same database file can each be reading a different historical version
................................................................................
** the most recent version.
**
** The constructor for this object is [sqlite3_snapshot_get()].  The
** [sqlite3_snapshot_open()] method causes a fresh read transaction to refer
** to an historical snapshot (if possible).  The destructor for 
** sqlite3_snapshot objects is [sqlite3_snapshot_free()].
*/
typedef struct sqlite3_snapshot sqlite3_snapshot;



/*
** CAPI3REF: Record A Database Snapshot
** EXPERIMENTAL
**
** ^The [sqlite3_snapshot_get(D,S,P)] interface attempts to make a
** new [sqlite3_snapshot] object that records the current state of
** schema S in database connection D.  ^On success, the
** [sqlite3_snapshot_get(D,S,P)] interface writes a pointer to the newly
** created [sqlite3_snapshot] object into *P and returns SQLITE_OK.











** ^If schema S of [database connection] D is not a [WAL mode] database
** that is in a read transaction, then [sqlite3_snapshot_get(D,S,P)]
** leaves the *P value unchanged and returns an appropriate [error code].














**
** The [sqlite3_snapshot] object returned from a successful call to
** [sqlite3_snapshot_get()] must be freed using [sqlite3_snapshot_free()]
** to avoid a memory leak.
**
** The [sqlite3_snapshot_get()] interface is only available when the
** SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT compile-time option is used.
*/
SQLITE_API SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_snapshot_get(
  sqlite3 *db,
  const char *zSchema,
  sqlite3_snapshot **ppSnapshot
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Start a read transaction on an historical snapshot
................................................................................
** after the most recent I/O on the database connection.)^
** (Hint: Run "[PRAGMA application_id]" against a newly opened
** database connection in order to make it ready to use snapshots.)
**
** The [sqlite3_snapshot_open()] interface is only available when the
** SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT compile-time option is used.
*/
SQLITE_API SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_snapshot_open(
  sqlite3 *db,
  const char *zSchema,
  sqlite3_snapshot *pSnapshot
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Destroy a snapshot
................................................................................
** ^The [sqlite3_snapshot_free(P)] interface destroys [sqlite3_snapshot] P.
** The application must eventually free every [sqlite3_snapshot] object
** using this routine to avoid a memory leak.
**
** The [sqlite3_snapshot_free()] interface is only available when the
** SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT compile-time option is used.
*/
SQLITE_API SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_snapshot_free(sqlite3_snapshot*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Compare the ages of two snapshot handles.
** EXPERIMENTAL
**
** The sqlite3_snapshot_cmp(P1, P2) interface is used to compare the ages
** of two valid snapshot handles. 
................................................................................
** wal file was last deleted, the value returned by this function 
** is undefined.
**
** Otherwise, this API returns a negative value if P1 refers to an older
** snapshot than P2, zero if the two handles refer to the same database
** snapshot, and a positive value if P1 is a newer snapshot than P2.
*/
SQLITE_API SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_snapshot_cmp(
  sqlite3_snapshot *p1,
  sqlite3_snapshot *p2
);























/*
** Undo the hack that converts floating point types to integer for
** builds on processors without floating point support.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
# undef double
#endif

#ifdef __cplusplus
}  /* End of the 'extern "C"' block */
#endif
#endif /* _SQLITE3_H_ */

/******** Begin file sqlite3rtree.h *********/
/*
** 2010 August 30
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
................................................................................

/*
** Register a geometry callback named zGeom that can be used as part of an
** R-Tree geometry query as follows:
**
**   SELECT ... FROM <rtree> WHERE <rtree col> MATCH $zGeom(... params ...)
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_rtree_geometry_callback(
  sqlite3 *db,
  const char *zGeom,
  int (*xGeom)(sqlite3_rtree_geometry*, int, sqlite3_rtree_dbl*,int*),
  void *pContext
);


................................................................................

/*
** Register a 2nd-generation geometry callback named zScore that can be 
** used as part of an R-Tree geometry query as follows:
**
**   SELECT ... FROM <rtree> WHERE <rtree col> MATCH $zQueryFunc(... params ...)
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_rtree_query_callback(
  sqlite3 *db,
  const char *zQueryFunc,
  int (*xQueryFunc)(sqlite3_rtree_query_info*),
  void *pContext,
  void (*xDestructor)(void*)
);

................................................................................
** either of these things are undefined.
**
** The session object will be used to create changesets for tables in
** database zDb, where zDb is either "main", or "temp", or the name of an
** attached database. It is not an error if database zDb is not attached
** to the database when the session object is created.
*/
int sqlite3session_create(
  sqlite3 *db,                    /* Database handle */
  const char *zDb,                /* Name of db (e.g. "main") */
  sqlite3_session **ppSession     /* OUT: New session object */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Delete A Session Object
................................................................................
** results of attempting to use pSession with any other session module
** function are undefined.
**
** Session objects must be deleted before the database handle to which they
** are attached is closed. Refer to the documentation for 
** [sqlite3session_create()] for details.
*/
void sqlite3session_delete(sqlite3_session *pSession);


/*
** CAPI3REF: Enable Or Disable A Session Object
**
** Enable or disable the recording of changes by a session object. When
** enabled, a session object records changes made to the database. When
................................................................................
** Passing zero to this function disables the session. Passing a value
** greater than zero enables it. Passing a value less than zero is a 
** no-op, and may be used to query the current state of the session.
**
** The return value indicates the final state of the session object: 0 if 
** the session is disabled, or 1 if it is enabled.
*/
int sqlite3session_enable(sqlite3_session *pSession, int bEnable);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Set Or Clear the Indirect Change Flag
**
** Each change recorded by a session object is marked as either direct or
** indirect. A change is marked as indirect if either:
**
................................................................................
** is set. Passing a value less than zero does not modify the current value
** of the indirect flag, and may be used to query the current state of the 
** indirect flag for the specified session object.
**
** The return value indicates the final state of the indirect flag: 0 if 
** it is clear, or 1 if it is set.
*/
int sqlite3session_indirect(sqlite3_session *pSession, int bIndirect);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Attach A Table To A Session Object
**
** If argument zTab is not NULL, then it is the name of a table to attach
** to the session object passed as the first argument. All subsequent changes 
** made to the table while the session object is enabled will be recorded. See 
................................................................................
**
** Changes are not recorded for individual rows that have NULL values stored
** in one or more of their PRIMARY KEY columns.
**
** SQLITE_OK is returned if the call completes without error. Or, if an error 
** occurs, an SQLite error code (e.g. SQLITE_NOMEM) is returned.
*/
int sqlite3session_attach(
  sqlite3_session *pSession,      /* Session object */
  const char *zTab                /* Table name */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Set a table filter on a Session Object.
**
** The second argument (xFilter) is the "filter callback". For changes to rows 
** in tables that are not attached to the Session oject, the filter is called
** to determine whether changes to the table's rows should be tracked or not. 
** If xFilter returns 0, changes is not tracked. Note that once a table is 
** attached, xFilter will not be called again.
*/
void sqlite3session_table_filter(
  sqlite3_session *pSession,      /* Session object */
  int(*xFilter)(
    void *pCtx,                   /* Copy of third arg to _filter_table() */
    const char *zTab              /* Table name */
  ),
  void *pCtx                      /* First argument passed to xFilter */
);
................................................................................
** is inserted while a session object is enabled, then later deleted while 
** the same session object is disabled, no INSERT record will appear in the
** changeset, even though the delete took place while the session was disabled.
** Or, if one field of a row is updated while a session is disabled, and 
** another field of the same row is updated while the session is enabled, the
** resulting changeset will contain an UPDATE change that updates both fields.
*/
int sqlite3session_changeset(
  sqlite3_session *pSession,      /* Session object */
  int *pnChangeset,               /* OUT: Size of buffer at *ppChangeset */
  void **ppChangeset              /* OUT: Buffer containing changeset */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Load The Difference Between Tables Into A Session 
................................................................................
**   <li> For each row (primary key) that exists in the to-table but not in 
**     the from-table, an INSERT record is added to the session object.
**
**   <li> For each row (primary key) that exists in the to-table but not in 
**     the from-table, a DELETE record is added to the session object.
**
**   <li> For each row (primary key) that exists in both tables, but features 
**     different in each, an UPDATE record is added to the session.

** </ul>
**
** To clarify, if this function is called and then a changeset constructed
** using [sqlite3session_changeset()], then after applying that changeset to 
** database zFrom the contents of the two compatible tables would be 
** identical.
**
................................................................................
**
** If the operation successful, SQLITE_OK is returned. Otherwise, an SQLite
** error code. In this case, if argument pzErrMsg is not NULL, *pzErrMsg
** may be set to point to a buffer containing an English language error 
** message. It is the responsibility of the caller to free this buffer using
** sqlite3_free().
*/
int sqlite3session_diff(
  sqlite3_session *pSession,
  const char *zFromDb,
  const char *zTbl,
  char **pzErrMsg
);


................................................................................
** in the same way as for changesets.
**
** Changes within a patchset are ordered in the same way as for changesets
** generated by the sqlite3session_changeset() function (i.e. all changes for
** a single table are grouped together, tables appear in the order in which
** they were attached to the session object).
*/
int sqlite3session_patchset(
  sqlite3_session *pSession,      /* Session object */
  int *pnPatchset,                /* OUT: Size of buffer at *ppChangeset */
  void **ppPatchset               /* OUT: Buffer containing changeset */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Test if a changeset has recorded any changes.
................................................................................
** [sqlite3session_changeset()] on the session handle may still return a
** changeset that contains no changes. This can happen when a row in 
** an attached table is modified and then later on the original values 
** are restored. However, if this function returns non-zero, then it is
** guaranteed that a call to sqlite3session_changeset() will return a 
** changeset containing zero changes.
*/
int sqlite3session_isempty(sqlite3_session *pSession);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Create An Iterator To Traverse A Changeset 
**
** Create an iterator used to iterate through the contents of a changeset.
** If successful, *pp is set to point to the iterator handle and SQLITE_OK
** is returned. Otherwise, if an error occurs, *pp is set to zero and an
................................................................................
** destroyed.
**
** Assuming the changeset blob was created by one of the
** [sqlite3session_changeset()], [sqlite3changeset_concat()] or
** [sqlite3changeset_invert()] functions, all changes within the changeset 
** that apply to a single table are grouped together. This means that when 
** an application iterates through a changeset using an iterator created by 
** this function, all changes that relate to a single table are visted 
** consecutively. There is no chance that the iterator will visit a change 
** the applies to table X, then one for table Y, and then later on visit 
** another change for table X.
*/
int sqlite3changeset_start(
  sqlite3_changeset_iter **pp,    /* OUT: New changeset iterator handle */
  int nChangeset,                 /* Size of changeset blob in bytes */
  void *pChangeset                /* Pointer to blob containing changeset */
);


/*
................................................................................
** Otherwise, if all changes in the changeset have already been visited,
** SQLITE_DONE is returned.
**
** If an error occurs, an SQLite error code is returned. Possible error 
** codes include SQLITE_CORRUPT (if the changeset buffer is corrupt) or 
** SQLITE_NOMEM.
*/
int sqlite3changeset_next(sqlite3_changeset_iter *pIter);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Obtain The Current Operation From A Changeset Iterator
**
** The pIter argument passed to this function may either be an iterator
** passed to a conflict-handler by [sqlite3changeset_apply()], or an iterator
** created by [sqlite3changeset_start()]. In the latter case, the most recent
................................................................................
** [SQLITE_INSERT], [SQLITE_DELETE] or [SQLITE_UPDATE], depending on the 
** type of change that the iterator currently points to.
**
** If no error occurs, SQLITE_OK is returned. If an error does occur, an
** SQLite error code is returned. The values of the output variables may not
** be trusted in this case.
*/
int sqlite3changeset_op(
  sqlite3_changeset_iter *pIter,  /* Iterator object */
  const char **pzTab,             /* OUT: Pointer to table name */
  int *pnCol,                     /* OUT: Number of columns in table */
  int *pOp,                       /* OUT: SQLITE_INSERT, DELETE or UPDATE */
  int *pbIndirect                 /* OUT: True for an 'indirect' change */
);

................................................................................
** This function is used to find which columns comprise the PRIMARY KEY of
** the table modified by the change that iterator pIter currently points to.
** If successful, *pabPK is set to point to an array of nCol entries, where
** nCol is the number of columns in the table. Elements of *pabPK are set to
** 0x01 if the corresponding column is part of the tables primary key, or
** 0x00 if it is not.
**
** If argumet pnCol is not NULL, then *pnCol is set to the number of columns
** in the table.
**
** If this function is called when the iterator does not point to a valid
** entry, SQLITE_MISUSE is returned and the output variables zeroed. Otherwise,
** SQLITE_OK is returned and the output variables populated as described
** above.
*/
int sqlite3changeset_pk(
  sqlite3_changeset_iter *pIter,  /* Iterator object */
  unsigned char **pabPK,          /* OUT: Array of boolean - true for PK cols */
  int *pnCol                      /* OUT: Number of entries in output array */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Obtain old.* Values From A Changeset Iterator
................................................................................
** original row values stored as part of the UPDATE or DELETE change and
** returns SQLITE_OK. The name of the function comes from the fact that this 
** is similar to the "old.*" columns available to update or delete triggers.
**
** If some other error occurs (e.g. an OOM condition), an SQLite error code
** is returned and *ppValue is set to NULL.
*/
int sqlite3changeset_old(
  sqlite3_changeset_iter *pIter,  /* Changeset iterator */
  int iVal,                       /* Column number */
  sqlite3_value **ppValue         /* OUT: Old value (or NULL pointer) */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Obtain new.* Values From A Changeset Iterator
................................................................................
** SQLITE_OK returned. The name of the function comes from the fact that 
** this is similar to the "new.*" columns available to update or delete 
** triggers.
**
** If some other error occurs (e.g. an OOM condition), an SQLite error code
** is returned and *ppValue is set to NULL.
*/
int sqlite3changeset_new(
  sqlite3_changeset_iter *pIter,  /* Changeset iterator */
  int iVal,                       /* Column number */
  sqlite3_value **ppValue         /* OUT: New value (or NULL pointer) */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Obtain Conflicting Row Values From A Changeset Iterator
................................................................................
** sqlite3_value object containing the iVal'th value from the 
** "conflicting row" associated with the current conflict-handler callback
** and returns SQLITE_OK.
**
** If some other error occurs (e.g. an OOM condition), an SQLite error code
** is returned and *ppValue is set to NULL.
*/
int sqlite3changeset_conflict(
  sqlite3_changeset_iter *pIter,  /* Changeset iterator */
  int iVal,                       /* Column number */
  sqlite3_value **ppValue         /* OUT: Value from conflicting row */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Determine The Number Of Foreign Key Constraint Violations
................................................................................
** This function may only be called with an iterator passed to an
** SQLITE_CHANGESET_FOREIGN_KEY conflict handler callback. In this case
** it sets the output variable to the total number of known foreign key
** violations in the destination database and returns SQLITE_OK.
**
** In all other cases this function returns SQLITE_MISUSE.
*/
int sqlite3changeset_fk_conflicts(
  sqlite3_changeset_iter *pIter,  /* Changeset iterator */
  int *pnOut                      /* OUT: Number of FK violations */
);


/*
** CAPI3REF: Finalize A Changeset Iterator
................................................................................
**     // Do something with change.
**   }
**   rc = sqlite3changeset_finalize();
**   if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
**     // An error has occurred 
**   }
*/
int sqlite3changeset_finalize(sqlite3_changeset_iter *pIter);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Invert A Changeset
**
** This function is used to "invert" a changeset object. Applying an inverted
** changeset to a database reverses the effects of applying the uninverted
** changeset. Specifically:
................................................................................
** It is the responsibility of the caller to eventually call sqlite3_free()
** on the *ppOut pointer to free the buffer allocation following a successful 
** call to this function.
**
** WARNING/TODO: This function currently assumes that the input is a valid
** changeset. If it is not, the results are undefined.
*/
int sqlite3changeset_invert(
  int nIn, const void *pIn,       /* Input changeset */
  int *pnOut, void **ppOut        /* OUT: Inverse of input */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Concatenate Two Changeset Objects
**
................................................................................
**   }else{
**     *ppOut = 0;
**     *pnOut = 0;
**   }
**
** Refer to the sqlite3_changegroup documentation below for details.
*/
int sqlite3changeset_concat(
  int nA,                         /* Number of bytes in buffer pA */
  void *pA,                       /* Pointer to buffer containing changeset A */
  int nB,                         /* Number of bytes in buffer pB */
  void *pB,                       /* Pointer to buffer containing changeset B */
  int *pnOut,                     /* OUT: Number of bytes in output changeset */
  void **ppOut                    /* OUT: Buffer containing output changeset */
);


/*
** Changegroup handle.
*/
typedef struct sqlite3_changegroup sqlite3_changegroup;

/*
** CAPI3REF: Combine two or more changesets into a single changeset.
**
** An sqlite3_changegroup object is used to combine two or more changesets
** (or patchsets) into a single changeset (or patchset). A single changegroup
** object may combine changesets or patchsets, but not both. The output is
** always in the same format as the input.
**
** If successful, this function returns SQLITE_OK and populates (*pp) with
................................................................................
** As well as the regular sqlite3changegroup_add() and 
** sqlite3changegroup_output() functions, also available are the streaming
** versions sqlite3changegroup_add_strm() and sqlite3changegroup_output_strm().
*/
int sqlite3changegroup_new(sqlite3_changegroup **pp);

/*


** Add all changes within the changeset (or patchset) in buffer pData (size
** nData bytes) to the changegroup. 
**
** If the buffer contains a patchset, then all prior calls to this function
** on the same changegroup object must also have specified patchsets. Or, if
** the buffer contains a changeset, so must have the earlier calls to this
** function. Otherwise, SQLITE_ERROR is returned and no changes are added
................................................................................
** to the changegroup.
**
** Rows within the changeset and changegroup are identified by the values in
** their PRIMARY KEY columns. A change in the changeset is considered to
** apply to the same row as a change already present in the changegroup if
** the two rows have the same primary key.
**
** Changes to rows that that do not already appear in the changegroup are
** simply copied into it. Or, if both the new changeset and the changegroup
** contain changes that apply to a single row, the final contents of the
** changegroup depends on the type of each change, as follows:
**
** <table border=1 style="margin-left:8ex;margin-right:8ex">
**   <tr><th style="white-space:pre">Existing Change  </th>
**       <th style="white-space:pre">New Change       </th>
................................................................................
** final contents of the changegroup is undefined.
**
** If no error occurs, SQLITE_OK is returned.
*/
int sqlite3changegroup_add(sqlite3_changegroup*, int nData, void *pData);

/*


** Obtain a buffer containing a changeset (or patchset) representing the
** current contents of the changegroup. If the inputs to the changegroup
** were themselves changesets, the output is a changeset. Or, if the
** inputs were patchsets, the output is also a patchset.
**
** As with the output of the sqlite3session_changeset() and
** sqlite3session_patchset() functions, all changes related to a single
................................................................................
int sqlite3changegroup_output(
  sqlite3_changegroup*,
  int *pnData,                    /* OUT: Size of output buffer in bytes */
  void **ppData                   /* OUT: Pointer to output buffer */
);

/*
** Delete a changegroup object.
*/
void sqlite3changegroup_delete(sqlite3_changegroup*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Apply A Changeset To A Database
**
** Apply a changeset to a database. This function attempts to update the
................................................................................
** For each table that is not excluded by the filter callback, this function 
** tests that the target database contains a compatible table. A table is 
** considered compatible if all of the following are true:
**
** <ul>
**   <li> The table has the same name as the name recorded in the 
**        changeset, and
**   <li> The table has the same number of columns as recorded in the 
**        changeset, and
**   <li> The table has primary key columns in the same position as 
**        recorded in the changeset.
** </ul>
**
** If there is no compatible table, it is not an error, but none of the
** changes associated with the table are applied. A warning message is issued
................................................................................
**   original row values stored in the changeset. If it does, and the values 
**   stored in all non-primary key columns also match the values stored in 
**   the changeset the row is deleted from the target database.
**
**   If a row with matching primary key values is found, but one or more of
**   the non-primary key fields contains a value different from the original
**   row value stored in the changeset, the conflict-handler function is
**   invoked with [SQLITE_CHANGESET_DATA] as the second argument.




**
**   If no row with matching primary key values is found in the database,
**   the conflict-handler function is invoked with [SQLITE_CHANGESET_NOTFOUND]
**   passed as the second argument.
**
**   If the DELETE operation is attempted, but SQLite returns SQLITE_CONSTRAINT
**   (which can only happen if a foreign key constraint is violated), the
................................................................................
**   conflict-handler function is invoked with [SQLITE_CHANGESET_CONSTRAINT]
**   passed as the second argument. This includes the case where the DELETE
**   operation is attempted because an earlier call to the conflict handler
**   function returned [SQLITE_CHANGESET_REPLACE].
**
** <dt>INSERT Changes<dd>
**   For each INSERT change, an attempt is made to insert the new row into
**   the database.


**
**   If the attempt to insert the row fails because the database already 
**   contains a row with the same primary key values, the conflict handler
**   function is invoked with the second argument set to 
**   [SQLITE_CHANGESET_CONFLICT].
**
**   If the attempt to insert the row fails because of some other constraint
................................................................................
**   an earlier call to the conflict handler function returned 
**   [SQLITE_CHANGESET_REPLACE].
**
** <dt>UPDATE Changes<dd>
**   For each UPDATE change, this function checks if the target database 
**   contains a row with the same primary key value (or values) as the 
**   original row values stored in the changeset. If it does, and the values 
**   stored in all non-primary key columns also match the values stored in 
**   the changeset the row is updated within the target database.
**
**   If a row with matching primary key values is found, but one or more of
**   the non-primary key fields contains a value different from an original
**   row value stored in the changeset, the conflict-handler function is
**   invoked with [SQLITE_CHANGESET_DATA] as the second argument. Since
**   UPDATE changes only contain values for non-primary key fields that are
**   to be modified, only those fields need to match the original values to
**   avoid the SQLITE_CHANGESET_DATA conflict-handler callback.
**
**   If no row with matching primary key values is found in the database,
**   the conflict-handler function is invoked with [SQLITE_CHANGESET_NOTFOUND]
**   passed as the second argument.
................................................................................
**
** All changes made by this function are enclosed in a savepoint transaction.
** If any other error (aside from a constraint failure when attempting to
** write to the target database) occurs, then the savepoint transaction is
** rolled back, restoring the target database to its original state, and an 
** SQLite error code returned.
*/
int sqlite3changeset_apply(
  sqlite3 *db,                    /* Apply change to "main" db of this handle */
  int nChangeset,                 /* Size of changeset in bytes */
  void *pChangeset,               /* Changeset blob */
  int(*xFilter)(
    void *pCtx,                   /* Copy of sixth arg to _apply() */
    const char *zTab              /* Table name */
  ),
................................................................................
** is immediately abandoned and the streaming API function returns a copy
** of the xOutput error code to the application.
**
** The sessions module never invokes an xOutput callback with the third 
** parameter set to a value less than or equal to zero. Other than this,
** no guarantees are made as to the size of the chunks of data returned.
*/
int sqlite3changeset_apply_strm(
  sqlite3 *db,                    /* Apply change to "main" db of this handle */
  int (*xInput)(void *pIn, void *pData, int *pnData), /* Input function */
  void *pIn,                                          /* First arg for xInput */
  int(*xFilter)(
    void *pCtx,                   /* Copy of sixth arg to _apply() */
    const char *zTab              /* Table name */
  ),
................................................................................
  int(*xConflict)(
    void *pCtx,                   /* Copy of sixth arg to _apply() */
    int eConflict,                /* DATA, MISSING, CONFLICT, CONSTRAINT */
    sqlite3_changeset_iter *p     /* Handle describing change and conflict */
  ),
  void *pCtx                      /* First argument passed to xConflict */
);
int sqlite3changeset_concat_strm(
  int (*xInputA)(void *pIn, void *pData, int *pnData),
  void *pInA,
  int (*xInputB)(void *pIn, void *pData, int *pnData),
  void *pInB,
  int (*xOutput)(void *pOut, const void *pData, int nData),
  void *pOut
);
int sqlite3changeset_invert_strm(
  int (*xInput)(void *pIn, void *pData, int *pnData),
  void *pIn,
  int (*xOutput)(void *pOut, const void *pData, int nData),
  void *pOut
);
int sqlite3changeset_start_strm(
  sqlite3_changeset_iter **pp,
  int (*xInput)(void *pIn, void *pData, int *pnData),
  void *pIn
);
int sqlite3session_changeset_strm(
  sqlite3_session *pSession,
  int (*xOutput)(void *pOut, const void *pData, int nData),
  void *pOut
);
int sqlite3session_patchset_strm(
  sqlite3_session *pSession,
  int (*xOutput)(void *pOut, const void *pData, int nData),
  void *pOut
);
int sqlite3changegroup_add_strm(sqlite3_changegroup*, 
    int (*xInput)(void *pIn, void *pData, int *pnData),
    void *pIn
................................................................................
** Applications may also register custom tokenizer types. A tokenizer 
** is registered by providing fts5 with a populated instance of the 
** following structure. All structure methods must be defined, setting
** any member of the fts5_tokenizer struct to NULL leads to undefined
** behaviour. The structure methods are expected to function as follows:
**
** xCreate:
**   This function is used to allocate and inititalize a tokenizer instance.
**   A tokenizer instance is required to actually tokenize text.
**
**   The first argument passed to this function is a copy of the (void*)
**   pointer provided by the application when the fts5_tokenizer object
**   was registered with FTS5 (the third argument to xCreateTokenizer()). 
**   The second and third arguments are an array of nul-terminated strings
**   containing the tokenizer arguments, if any, specified following the
................................................................................
*************************************************************************/

#ifdef __cplusplus
}  /* end of the 'extern "C"' block */
#endif

#endif /* _FTS5_H */


/******** End of fts5.h *********/







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4348
4349
4350
4351
4352
4353
4354
4355
4356
4357
4358
4359
4360
....
4374
4375
4376
4377
4378
4379
4380
4381
4382
4383
4384
4385
4386
4387
4388
....
4401
4402
4403
4404
4405
4406
4407
4408
4409
4410
4411
4412
4413
4414
4415
....
4501
4502
4503
4504
4505
4506
4507
4508
4509
4510
4511
4512
4513
4514
4515
4516
4517
4518
4519
4520
4521
4522
4523
4524
4525
4526
4527
4528
4529
4530
4531
4532
4533
4534
4535
....
4567
4568
4569
4570
4571
4572
4573
4574
4575
4576
4577
4578
4579
4580
4581
4582
4583
4584
4585
4586
....
4622
4623
4624
4625
4626
4627
4628
4629
4630
4631
4632
4633
4634
4635
4636
4637
4638
4639
4640
4641
4642
4643
4644
4645
4646
4647
....
4649
4650
4651
4652
4653
4654
4655
4656
4657
4658
4659
4660
4661
4662
4663
....
4665
4666
4667
4668
4669
4670
4671
4672
4673
4674
4675
4676
4677
4678
4679
4680
....
4711
4712
4713
4714
4715
4716
4717
4718
4719
4720
4721
4722
4723
4724
4725
....
4726
4727
4728
4729
4730
4731
4732
4733
4734
4735
4736
4737
4738
4739
4740
4741
4742
4743
4744
4745
4746
4747
4748
4749
4750
4751
4752
....
4770
4771
4772
4773
4774
4775
4776
4777
4778
4779
4780
4781
4782
4783
4784
4785
4786
4787
4788
4789
4790
....
4792
4793
4794
4795
4796
4797
4798
4799
4800
4801
4802
4803
4804
4805
4806
4807
....
4929
4930
4931
4932
4933
4934
4935
4936
4937
4938
4939
4940
4941
4942
4943
4944
4945
4946
4947
4948
4949
4950
4951
4952
4953
4954
4955
4956
4957
4958
4959
4960
4961
4962
4963
....
4964
4965
4966
4967
4968
4969
4970
4971
4972
4973
4974
4975
4976
4977
4978
....
5046
5047
5048
5049
5050
5051
5052
5053
5054
5055
5056
5057
5058
5059
5060
5061
5062
5063
5064
5065
5066
5067
5068
5069
5070
5071
5072
5073
5074
5075
....
5096
5097
5098
5099
5100
5101
5102
5103
5104
5105
5106
5107
5108
5109
5110
5111
5112
5113
5114
5115
5116
5117
5118
5119
5120
5121
5122
5123
5124
5125
5126
5127
5128
5129
5130
5131
5132
5133
5134
5135
5136
5137
5138
5139
5140
5141
5142
5143
5144
5145
5146
5147
5148
5149
5150
5151
5152
5153
5154
5155
5156
5157
5158
5159
5160
5161
5162
5163
5164
5165
5166
5167
5168
5169
5170
5171
....
5179
5180
5181
5182
5183
5184
5185
5186
5187
5188
5189
5190
5191
5192
5193
....
5298
5299
5300
5301
5302
5303
5304
5305
5306
5307
5308
5309
5310
5311
5312
5313
5314
5315
5316
5317
5318
5319
5320
5321
5322
5323
5324
5325
....
5328
5329
5330
5331
5332
5333
5334
5335
5336
5337
5338
5339
5340
5341
5342
5343
5344
5345
5346
5347
5348
5349
5350
5351
5352
....
5354
5355
5356
5357
5358
5359
5360
5361
5362
5363
5364
5365
5366
5367
5368
....
5403
5404
5405
5406
5407
5408
5409
5410
5411
5412
5413
5414
5415
5416
5417
5418
....
5434
5435
5436
5437
5438
5439
5440
5441
5442
5443
5444
5445
5446
5447
5448
....
5455
5456
5457
5458
5459
5460
5461
5462
5463
5464
5465
5466
5467
5468
5469
....
5470
5471
5472
5473
5474
5475
5476
5477
5478
5479
5480
5481
5482
5483
5484
5485
....
5496
5497
5498
5499
5500
5501
5502
5503
5504
5505
5506
5507
5508
5509
5510
....
5512
5513
5514
5515
5516
5517
5518
5519
5520
5521
5522
5523
5524
5525
5526
5527
5528
5529
5530
5531
5532
5533
5534
5535
5536
5537
5538
5539
5540
....
5565
5566
5567
5568
5569
5570
5571
5572
5573
5574
5575
5576
5577
5578
5579
5580
5581
5582
5583
5584
5585
5586
5587
5588
5589
5590
5591
5592
5593
5594
5595
5596
5597
5598
5599
5600
5601
5602
5603
5604
....
5605
5606
5607
5608
5609
5610
5611
5612
5613
5614
5615
5616
5617
5618
5619
....
5660
5661
5662
5663
5664
5665
5666
5667
5668
5669
5670
5671
5672
5673
5674
....
5716
5717
5718
5719
5720
5721
5722
5723
5724
5725
5726
5727
5728
5729
5730
....
5739
5740
5741
5742
5743
5744
5745
5746
5747
5748
5749
5750
5751
5752
5753
5754
5755
5756
5757
5758
5759
5760
5761
5762
5763
5764
5765
5766
5767
5768
5769
5770
5771
5772
5773
5774
....
5786
5787
5788
5789
5790
5791
5792
5793
5794
5795
5796
5797
5798
5799
5800
5801
5802
5803
5804
5805
5806
5807
5808
5809
5810
5811
5812
5813
5814
5815
5816
5817
5818
5819
5820
....
5960
5961
5962
5963
5964
5965
5966
5967
5968
5969
5970
5971
5972
5973
5974
5975
5976
5977
5978
5979
5980
5981
5982
....
6053
6054
6055
6056
6057
6058
6059
6060
6061
6062
6063
6064
6065
6066
6067
6068
6069
6070
6071
6072
6073
....
6122
6123
6124
6125
6126
6127
6128
6129
6130
6131
6132
6133
6134
6135
6136
....
6141
6142
6143
6144
6145
6146
6147
6148
6149
6150
6151
6152
6153
6154
6155
....
6216
6217
6218
6219
6220
6221
6222
6223
6224
6225
6226
6227
6228
6229
6230
6231
6232
6233
6234
6235
....
6245
6246
6247
6248
6249
6250
6251
6252
6253
6254
6255
6256
6257
6258
6259
6260
6261
6262
6263
6264
6265
6266
6267
6268
6269
6270
6271
6272
6273
6274
6275
6276
6277
6278
6279
6280
6281
6282
....
6283
6284
6285
6286
6287
6288
6289
6290
6291
6292
6293
6294
6295
6296
6297
....
6306
6307
6308
6309
6310
6311
6312
6313
6314
6315
6316
6317
6318
6319
6320
....
6322
6323
6324
6325
6326
6327
6328
6329
6330
6331
6332
6333
6334
6335
6336
....
6351
6352
6353
6354
6355
6356
6357
6358
6359
6360
6361
6362
6363
6364
6365
....
6393
6394
6395
6396
6397
6398
6399
6400
6401
6402
6403
6404
6405
6406
6407
....
6424
6425
6426
6427
6428
6429
6430
6431
6432
6433
6434
6435
6436
6437
6438
6439
6440
....
6542
6543
6544
6545
6546
6547
6548
6549
6550
6551
6552
6553
6554
6555
6556
6557
6558
6559
6560
....
6656
6657
6658
6659
6660
6661
6662
6663
6664
6665
6666
6667
6668
6669
6670
6671
....
6676
6677
6678
6679
6680
6681
6682
6683
6684
6685
6686
6687
6688
6689
6690
....
6697
6698
6699
6700
6701
6702
6703
6704
6705
6706
6707
6708
6709
6710
6711
....
6732
6733
6734
6735
6736
6737
6738
6739
6740
6741
6742
6743
6744
6745
6746
....
6751
6752
6753
6754
6755
6756
6757
6758
6759
6760
6761
6762
6763
6764
6765
....
6780
6781
6782
6783
6784
6785
6786
6787
6788
6789
6790
6791
6792
6793
6794
....
6815
6816
6817
6818
6819
6820
6821
6822
6823
6824
6825
6826
6827
6828
6829
6830
....
6941
6942
6943
6944
6945
6946
6947
6948
6949
6950
6951
6952
6953
6954
6955
....
6987
6988
6989
6990
6991
6992
6993
6994
6995
6996
6997
6998
6999
7000
7001
7002
7003
7004
7005
7006
7007
7008
7009
7010
7011
7012
....
7056
7057
7058
7059
7060
7061
7062
7063
7064
7065
7066
7067
7068
7069
7070
7071
....
7084
7085
7086
7087
7088
7089
7090
7091
7092
7093
7094
7095
7096
7097
7098
....
7553
7554
7555
7556
7557
7558
7559
7560
7561
7562
7563
7564
7565
7566
7567
7568
7569
7570
7571
7572
7573
7574
7575
7576
....
7679
7680
7681
7682
7683
7684
7685
7686
7687
7688
7689
7690
7691
7692
7693
....
7694
7695
7696
7697
7698
7699
7700
7701
7702
7703
7704
7705
7706
7707
7708
7709
....
7712
7713
7714
7715
7716
7717
7718
7719
7720
7721
7722
7723
7724
7725
7726
....
7735
7736
7737
7738
7739
7740
7741
7742
7743
7744
7745
7746
7747
7748
7749
....
7758
7759
7760
7761
7762
7763
7764
7765
7766
7767
7768
7769
7770
7771
7772
....
7794
7795
7796
7797
7798
7799
7800
7801
7802
7803
7804
7805
7806
7807
7808
....
7829
7830
7831
7832
7833
7834
7835
7836
7837
7838
7839
7840
7841
7842
7843
....
7851
7852
7853
7854
7855
7856
7857
7858
7859
7860
7861
7862
7863
7864
7865
....
7945
7946
7947
7948
7949
7950
7951
7952
7953
7954
7955
7956
7957
7958
7959
....
7981
7982
7983
7984
7985
7986
7987
7988
7989
7990
7991
7992
7993
7994
7995
....
8034
8035
8036
8037
8038
8039
8040
8041
8042
8043
8044
8045
8046
8047
8048
....
8139
8140
8141
8142
8143
8144
8145
8146
8147
8148
8149
8150
8151
8152
8153
....
8155
8156
8157
8158
8159
8160
8161
8162
8163
8164
8165
8166
8167
8168
8169
....
8187
8188
8189
8190
8191
8192
8193
8194
8195
8196
8197
8198
8199
8200
8201
8202
8203
8204
8205
8206
8207
8208
8209
8210
8211
8212
8213
8214
8215
8216
8217
8218
8219
8220
8221
8222
8223
8224
8225
8226
8227
8228
8229
8230
8231


8232
8233
8234
8235
8236
8237
8238
8239
8240
8241
8242
8243
8244
8245
....
8271
8272
8273
8274
8275
8276
8277
8278
8279
8280
8281
8282
8283
8284
8285
8286
8287
8288
8289
8290
8291
8292
8293
8294
8295
8296
8297
8298
8299
8300
8301
8302
8303
8304
8305
8306
8307
8308
8309
8310
8311
8312
8313
8314
8315
8316
8317
8318
8319
....
8329
8330
8331
8332
8333
8334
8335
8336
8337
8338
8339
8340
8341
8342
8343
8344
8345
8346
8347
8348
8349
8350
8351
8352
8353
8354
8355
8356
8357
8358
8359
8360


8361
8362
8363
8364
8365
8366
8367
8368
8369
8370
8371
8372
8373
8374
8375
8376
8377
8378
8379
8380
8381
8382
8383
8384
8385
8386
8387
8388
8389
8390
....
8414
8415
8416
8417
8418
8419
8420
8421
8422
8423
8424
8425
8426
8427
8428
....
8431
8432
8433
8434
8435
8436
8437
8438
8439
8440
8441
8442
8443
8444
8445
....
8455
8456
8457
8458
8459
8460
8461
8462
8463
8464
8465
8466
8467
8468
8469
8470
8471
8472
8473
8474
8475
8476
8477
8478
8479
8480
8481
8482
8483
8484
8485
8486
8487
8488
8489
8490
8491
8492
8493
8494
8495
8496
8497
8498
8499
8500
8501
8502
8503
8504
8505
8506
8507
....
8535
8536
8537
8538
8539
8540
8541
8542
8543
8544
8545
8546
8547
8548
8549
....
8561
8562
8563
8564
8565
8566
8567
8568
8569
8570
8571
8572
8573
8574
8575
....
8667
8668
8669
8670
8671
8672
8673
8674
8675
8676
8677
8678
8679
8680
8681
....
8685
8686
8687
8688
8689
8690
8691
8692
8693
8694
8695
8696
8697
8698
8699
....
8705
8706
8707
8708
8709
8710
8711
8712
8713
8714
8715
8716
8717
8718
8719
....
8734
8735
8736
8737
8738
8739
8740
8741
8742
8743
8744
8745
8746
8747
8748
....
8764
8765
8766
8767
8768
8769
8770
8771
8772
8773
8774
8775
8776
8777
8778
8779
8780
8781
8782
8783
8784
8785
8786
8787
8788
8789
8790
8791
8792
....
8891
8892
8893
8894
8895
8896
8897
8898
8899
8900
8901
8902
8903
8904
8905
....
8935
8936
8937
8938
8939
8940
8941
8942
8943
8944
8945
8946
8947
8948
8949
8950
....
8953
8954
8955
8956
8957
8958
8959
8960
8961
8962
8963
8964
8965
8966
8967
....
8989
8990
8991
8992
8993
8994
8995
8996
8997
8998
8999
9000
9001
9002
9003
....
9010
9011
9012
9013
9014
9015
9016
9017
9018
9019
9020
9021
9022
9023
9024
....
9040
9041
9042
9043
9044
9045
9046
9047
9048
9049
9050
9051
9052
9053
9054
9055
9056
9057
9058
9059
....
9074
9075
9076
9077
9078
9079
9080
9081
9082
9083
9084
9085
9086
9087
9088
....
9102
9103
9104
9105
9106
9107
9108
9109
9110
9111
9112
9113
9114
9115
9116
....
9127
9128
9129
9130
9131
9132
9133
9134
9135
9136
9137
9138
9139
9140
9141
9142
9143
9144
9145
9146
9147
9148
9149
....
9165
9166
9167
9168
9169
9170
9171
9172
9173
9174
9175
9176
9177
9178
9179
....
9198
9199
9200
9201
9202
9203
9204
9205
9206
9207
9208
9209
9210
9211
9212
....
9225
9226
9227
9228
9229
9230
9231
9232
9233
9234
9235
9236
9237
9238
9239
....
9241
9242
9243
9244
9245
9246
9247
9248
9249
9250
9251
9252
9253
9254
9255
....
9274
9275
9276
9277
9278
9279
9280
9281
9282
9283
9284
9285
9286
9287
9288
....
9304
9305
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....
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....
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....
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....
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....
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....
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....
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....
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....
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....
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....
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....
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.....
10224
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.....
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10490

10491
** on how SQLite interfaces are supposed to operate.
**
** The name of this file under configuration management is "sqlite.h.in".
** The makefile makes some minor changes to this file (such as inserting
** the version number) and changes its name to "sqlite3.h" as
** part of the build process.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE3_H
#define SQLITE3_H
#include <stdarg.h>     /* Needed for the definition of va_list */

/*
** Make sure we can call this stuff from C++.
*/
#ifdef __cplusplus
extern "C" {
................................................................................
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_API
# define SQLITE_API
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_CDECL
# define SQLITE_CDECL
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_APICALL
# define SQLITE_APICALL
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_STDCALL
# define SQLITE_STDCALL SQLITE_APICALL
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_CALLBACK
# define SQLITE_CALLBACK
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_SYSAPI
# define SQLITE_SYSAPI
#endif

/*
** These no-op macros are used in front of interfaces to mark those
** interfaces as either deprecated or experimental.  New applications
** should not use deprecated interfaces - they are supported for backwards
** compatibility only.  Application writers should be aware that
................................................................................
** with the value (X*1000000 + Y*1000 + Z) where X, Y, and Z are the same
** numbers used in [SQLITE_VERSION].)^
** The SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER for any given release of SQLite will also
** be larger than the release from which it is derived.  Either Y will
** be held constant and Z will be incremented or else Y will be incremented
** and Z will be reset to zero.
**
** Since [version 3.6.18] ([dateof:3.6.18]), 
** SQLite source code has been stored in the
** <a href="http://www.fossil-scm.org/">Fossil configuration management
** system</a>.  ^The SQLITE_SOURCE_ID macro evaluates to
** a string which identifies a particular check-in of SQLite
** within its configuration management system.  ^The SQLITE_SOURCE_ID
** string contains the date and time of the check-in (UTC) and a SHA1
** or SHA3-256 hash of the entire source tree.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.18.0"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3018000
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2017-03-28 18:48:43 424a0d380332858ee55bdebc4af3789f74e70a2b3ba1cf29d84b9b4bcf3e2e37"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
** but are associated with the library instead of the header file.  ^(Cautious
** programmers might include assert() statements in their application to
** verify that values returned by these interfaces match the macros in
** the header, and thus ensure that the application is
................................................................................
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER].  ^The sqlite3_sourceid() function returns 
** a pointer to a string constant whose value is the same as the 
** [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macro.
**
** See also: [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
SQLITE_API SQLITE_EXTERN const char sqlite3_version[];
SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_libversion(void);
SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_sourceid(void);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_libversion_number(void);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Compilation Options Diagnostics
**
** ^The sqlite3_compileoption_used() function returns 0 or 1 
** indicating whether the specified option was defined at 
** compile time.  ^The SQLITE_ prefix may be omitted from the 
................................................................................
** and sqlite3_compileoption_get() may be omitted by specifying the 
** [SQLITE_OMIT_COMPILEOPTION_DIAGS] option at compile time.
**
** See also: SQL functions [sqlite_compileoption_used()] and
** [sqlite_compileoption_get()] and the [compile_options pragma].
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_COMPILEOPTION_DIAGS
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_compileoption_used(const char *zOptName);
SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_compileoption_get(int N);
#endif

/*
** CAPI3REF: Test To See If The Library Is Threadsafe
**
** ^The sqlite3_threadsafe() function returns zero if and only if
** SQLite was compiled with mutexing code omitted due to the
................................................................................
** sqlite3_threadsafe() function shows only the compile-time setting of
** thread safety, not any run-time changes to that setting made by
** sqlite3_config(). In other words, the return value from sqlite3_threadsafe()
** is unchanged by calls to sqlite3_config().)^
**
** See the [threading mode] documentation for additional information.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_threadsafe(void);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Database Connection Handle
** KEYWORDS: {database connection} {database connections}
**
** Each open SQLite database is represented by a pointer to an instance of
** the opaque structure named "sqlite3".  It is useful to think of an sqlite3
................................................................................
** ^The sqlite3_int64 and sqlite_int64 types can store integer values
** between -9223372036854775808 and +9223372036854775807 inclusive.  ^The
** sqlite3_uint64 and sqlite_uint64 types can store integer values 
** between 0 and +18446744073709551615 inclusive.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_INT64_TYPE
  typedef SQLITE_INT64_TYPE sqlite_int64;
# ifdef SQLITE_UINT64_TYPE
    typedef SQLITE_UINT64_TYPE sqlite_uint64;
# else  
    typedef unsigned SQLITE_INT64_TYPE sqlite_uint64;
# endif
#elif defined(_MSC_VER) || defined(__BORLANDC__)
  typedef __int64 sqlite_int64;
  typedef unsigned __int64 sqlite_uint64;
#else
  typedef long long int sqlite_int64;
  typedef unsigned long long int sqlite_uint64;
#endif
................................................................................
** must be either a NULL
** pointer or an [sqlite3] object pointer obtained
** from [sqlite3_open()], [sqlite3_open16()], or
** [sqlite3_open_v2()], and not previously closed.
** ^Calling sqlite3_close() or sqlite3_close_v2() with a NULL pointer
** argument is a harmless no-op.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_close(sqlite3*);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_close_v2(sqlite3*);

/*
** The type for a callback function.
** This is legacy and deprecated.  It is included for historical
** compatibility and is not documented.
*/
typedef int (*sqlite3_callback)(void*,int,char**, char**);
................................................................................
**      is a valid and open [database connection].
** <li> The application must not close the [database connection] specified by
**      the 1st parameter to sqlite3_exec() while sqlite3_exec() is running.
** <li> The application must not modify the SQL statement text passed into
**      the 2nd parameter of sqlite3_exec() while sqlite3_exec() is running.
** </ul>
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_exec(
  sqlite3*,                                  /* An open database */
  const char *sql,                           /* SQL to be evaluated */
  int (*callback)(void*,int,char**,char**),  /* Callback function */
  void *,                                    /* 1st argument to callback */
  char **errmsg                              /* Error msg written here */
);

................................................................................
** CAPI3REF: Extended Result Codes
** KEYWORDS: {extended result code definitions}
**
** In its default configuration, SQLite API routines return one of 30 integer
** [result codes].  However, experience has shown that many of
** these result codes are too coarse-grained.  They do not provide as
** much information about problems as programmers might like.  In an effort to
** address this, newer versions of SQLite (version 3.3.8 [dateof:3.3.8]
** and later) include
** support for additional result codes that provide more detailed information
** about errors. These [extended result codes] are enabled or disabled
** on a per database connection basis using the
** [sqlite3_extended_result_codes()] API.  Or, the extended code for
** the most recent error can be obtained using
** [sqlite3_extended_errcode()].
*/
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_UNIQUE       (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (8<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_VTAB         (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (9<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_ROWID        (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT |(10<<8))
#define SQLITE_NOTICE_RECOVER_WAL      (SQLITE_NOTICE | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_NOTICE_RECOVER_ROLLBACK (SQLITE_NOTICE | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_WARNING_AUTOINDEX       (SQLITE_WARNING | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_AUTH_USER               (SQLITE_AUTH | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_OK_LOAD_PERMANENTLY     (SQLITE_OK | (1<<8))

/*
** CAPI3REF: Flags For File Open Operations
**
** These bit values are intended for use in the
** 3rd parameter to the [sqlite3_open_v2()] interface and
** in the 4th parameter to the [sqlite3_vfs.xOpen] method.
................................................................................
** way around.  The SQLITE_IOCAP_SEQUENTIAL property means that
** information is written to disk in the same order as calls
** to xWrite().  The SQLITE_IOCAP_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE property means that
** after reboot following a crash or power loss, the only bytes in a
** file that were written at the application level might have changed
** and that adjacent bytes, even bytes within the same sector are
** guaranteed to be unchanged.  The SQLITE_IOCAP_UNDELETABLE_WHEN_OPEN
** flag indicates that a file cannot be deleted when open.  The
** SQLITE_IOCAP_IMMUTABLE flag indicates that the file is on
** read-only media and cannot be changed even by processes with
** elevated privileges.
*/
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC                 0x00000001
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC512              0x00000002
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC1K               0x00000004
................................................................................
** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC4K]
** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC8K]
** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC16K]
** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC32K]
** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC64K]
** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_SAFE_APPEND]
** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_SEQUENTIAL]
** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_UNDELETABLE_WHEN_OPEN]
** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE]
** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_IMMUTABLE]
** </ul>
**
** The SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC property means that all writes of
** any size are atomic.  The SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMICnnn values
** mean that writes of blocks that are nnn bytes in size and
** are aligned to an address which is an integer multiple of
** nnn are atomic.  The SQLITE_IOCAP_SAFE_APPEND value means
................................................................................
** the [SQLITE_USE_FCNTL_TRACE] compile-time option is enabled.
**
** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_HAS_MOVED]]
** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_HAS_MOVED] file control interprets its argument as a
** pointer to an integer and it writes a boolean into that integer depending
** on whether or not the file has been renamed, moved, or deleted since it
** was first opened.
**
** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_GET_HANDLE]]
** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_GET_HANDLE] opcode can be used to obtain the
** underlying native file handle associated with a file handle.  This file
** control interprets its argument as a pointer to a native file handle and
** writes the resulting value there.
**
** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_SET_HANDLE]]
** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_SET_HANDLE] opcode is used for debugging.  This
** opcode causes the xFileControl method to swap the file handle with the one
** pointed to by the pArg argument.  This capability is used during testing
** and only needs to be supported when SQLITE_TEST is defined.
**
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_COMMIT_PHASETWO        22
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_SET_HANDLE       23
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_WAL_BLOCK              24
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_ZIPVFS                 25
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_RBU                    26
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_VFS_POINTER            27
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_JOURNAL_POINTER        28
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_GET_HANDLE       29
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_PDB                    30

/* deprecated names */
#define SQLITE_GET_LOCKPROXYFILE      SQLITE_FCNTL_GET_LOCKPROXYFILE
#define SQLITE_SET_LOCKPROXYFILE      SQLITE_FCNTL_SET_LOCKPROXYFILE
#define SQLITE_LAST_ERRNO             SQLITE_FCNTL_LAST_ERRNO


................................................................................
** at the internal representation of an [sqlite3_mutex].  It only
** deals with pointers to the [sqlite3_mutex] object.
**
** Mutexes are created using [sqlite3_mutex_alloc()].
*/
typedef struct sqlite3_mutex sqlite3_mutex;

/*
** CAPI3REF: Loadable Extension Thunk
**
** A pointer to the opaque sqlite3_api_routines structure is passed as
** the third parameter to entry points of [loadable extensions].  This
** structure must be typedefed in order to work around compiler warnings
** on some platforms.
*/
typedef struct sqlite3_api_routines sqlite3_api_routines;

/*
** CAPI3REF: OS Interface Object
**
** An instance of the sqlite3_vfs object defines the interface between
** the SQLite core and the underlying operating system.  The "vfs"
** in the name of the object stands for "virtual file system".  See
** the [VFS | VFS documentation] for further information.
................................................................................
** (using the [SQLITE_OS_OTHER=1] compile-time
** option) the application must supply a suitable implementation for
** sqlite3_os_init() and sqlite3_os_end().  An application-supplied
** implementation of sqlite3_os_init() or sqlite3_os_end()
** must return [SQLITE_OK] on success and some other [error code] upon
** failure.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_initialize(void);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_shutdown(void);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_os_init(void);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_os_end(void);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Configuring The SQLite Library
**
** The sqlite3_config() interface is used to make global configuration
** changes to SQLite in order to tune SQLite to the specific needs of
** the application.  The default configuration is recommended for most
................................................................................
** vary depending on the [configuration option]
** in the first argument.
**
** ^When a configuration option is set, sqlite3_config() returns [SQLITE_OK].
** ^If the option is unknown or SQLite is unable to set the option
** then this routine returns a non-zero [error code].
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_config(int, ...);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Configure database connections
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** The sqlite3_db_config() interface is used to make configuration
** changes to a [database connection].  The interface is similar to
................................................................................
** [SQLITE_DBCONFIG_LOOKASIDE | configuration verb] - an integer code 
** that indicates what aspect of the [database connection] is being configured.
** Subsequent arguments vary depending on the configuration verb.
**
** ^Calls to sqlite3_db_config() return SQLITE_OK if and only if
** the call is considered successful.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_db_config(sqlite3*, int op, ...);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Memory Allocation Routines
**
** An instance of this object defines the interface between SQLite
** and low-level memory allocation routines.
**
................................................................................
** <dt>SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_LOAD_EXTENSION</dt>
** <dd> ^This option is used to enable or disable the [sqlite3_load_extension()]
** interface independently of the [load_extension()] SQL function.
** The [sqlite3_enable_load_extension()] API enables or disables both the
** C-API [sqlite3_load_extension()] and the SQL function [load_extension()].
** There should be two additional arguments.
** When the first argument to this interface is 1, then only the C-API is
** enabled and the SQL function remains disabled.  If the first argument to
** this interface is 0, then both the C-API and the SQL function are disabled.
** If the first argument is -1, then no changes are made to state of either the
** C-API or the SQL function.
** The second parameter is a pointer to an integer into which
** is written 0 or 1 to indicate whether [sqlite3_load_extension()] interface
** is disabled or enabled following this call.  The second parameter may
** be a NULL pointer, in which case the new setting is not reported back.
** </dd>
**
** <dt>SQLITE_DBCONFIG_MAINDBNAME</dt>
** <dd> ^This option is used to change the name of the "main" database
** schema.  ^The sole argument is a pointer to a constant UTF8 string
** which will become the new schema name in place of "main".  ^SQLite
** does not make a copy of the new main schema name string, so the application
** must ensure that the argument passed into this DBCONFIG option is unchanged
** until after the database connection closes.
** </dd>
**
** <dt>SQLITE_DBCONFIG_NO_CKPT_ON_CLOSE</dt>
** <dd> Usually, when a database in wal mode is closed or detached from a 
** database handle, SQLite checks if this will mean that there are now no 
** connections at all to the database. If so, it performs a checkpoint 
** operation before closing the connection. This option may be used to
** override this behaviour. The first parameter passed to this operation
** is an integer - non-zero to disable checkpoints-on-close, or zero (the
** default) to enable them. The second parameter is a pointer to an integer
** into which is written 0 or 1 to indicate whether checkpoints-on-close
** have been disabled - 0 if they are not disabled, 1 if they are.
** </dd>
**
** </dl>
*/
#define SQLITE_DBCONFIG_MAINDBNAME            1000 /* const char* */
#define SQLITE_DBCONFIG_LOOKASIDE             1001 /* void* int int */
#define SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_FKEY           1002 /* int int* */
#define SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_TRIGGER        1003 /* int int* */
#define SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_FTS3_TOKENIZER 1004 /* int int* */
#define SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_LOAD_EXTENSION 1005 /* int int* */
#define SQLITE_DBCONFIG_NO_CKPT_ON_CLOSE      1006 /* int int* */


/*
** CAPI3REF: Enable Or Disable Extended Result Codes
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** ^The sqlite3_extended_result_codes() routine enables or disables the
** [extended result codes] feature of SQLite. ^The extended result
** codes are disabled by default for historical compatibility.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_extended_result_codes(sqlite3*, int onoff);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Last Insert Rowid
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** ^Each entry in most SQLite tables (except for [WITHOUT ROWID] tables)
** has a unique 64-bit signed
** integer key called the [ROWID | "rowid"]. ^The rowid is always available
** as an undeclared column named ROWID, OID, or _ROWID_ as long as those
** names are not also used by explicitly declared columns. ^If
** the table has a column of type [INTEGER PRIMARY KEY] then that column
** is another alias for the rowid.
**
** ^The sqlite3_last_insert_rowid(D) interface usually returns the [rowid] of
** the most recent successful [INSERT] into a rowid table or [virtual table]

** on database connection D. ^Inserts into [WITHOUT ROWID] tables are not
** recorded. ^If no successful [INSERT]s into rowid tables have ever occurred 
** on the database connection D, then sqlite3_last_insert_rowid(D) returns 
** zero.
**
** As well as being set automatically as rows are inserted into database
** tables, the value returned by this function may be set explicitly by
** [sqlite3_set_last_insert_rowid()]
**
** Some virtual table implementations may INSERT rows into rowid tables as
** part of committing a transaction (e.g. to flush data accumulated in memory
** to disk). In this case subsequent calls to this function return the rowid
** associated with these internal INSERT operations, which leads to 
** unintuitive results. Virtual table implementations that do write to rowid
** tables in this way can avoid this problem by restoring the original 
** rowid value using [sqlite3_set_last_insert_rowid()] before returning 
** control to the user.
**
** ^(If an [INSERT] occurs within a trigger then this routine will 
** return the [rowid] of the inserted row as long as the trigger is 


** running. Once the trigger program ends, the value returned 
** by this routine reverts to what it was before the trigger was fired.)^

**
** ^An [INSERT] that fails due to a constraint violation is not a
** successful [INSERT] and does not change the value returned by this
** routine.  ^Thus INSERT OR FAIL, INSERT OR IGNORE, INSERT OR ROLLBACK,
** and INSERT OR ABORT make no changes to the return value of this
** routine when their insertion fails.  ^(When INSERT OR REPLACE
** encounters a constraint violation, it does not fail.  The
................................................................................
** If a separate thread performs a new [INSERT] on the same
** database connection while the [sqlite3_last_insert_rowid()]
** function is running and thus changes the last insert [rowid],
** then the value returned by [sqlite3_last_insert_rowid()] is
** unpredictable and might not equal either the old or the new
** last insert [rowid].
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3_int64 sqlite3_last_insert_rowid(sqlite3*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Set the Last Insert Rowid value.
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** The sqlite3_set_last_insert_rowid(D, R) method allows the application to
** set the value returned by calling sqlite3_last_insert_rowid(D) to R 
** without inserting a row into the database.
*/
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_set_last_insert_rowid(sqlite3*,sqlite3_int64);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Count The Number Of Rows Modified
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** ^This function returns the number of rows modified, inserted or
** deleted by the most recently completed INSERT, UPDATE or DELETE
................................................................................
** See also the [sqlite3_total_changes()] interface, the
** [count_changes pragma], and the [changes() SQL function].
**
** If a separate thread makes changes on the same database connection
** while [sqlite3_changes()] is running then the value returned
** is unpredictable and not meaningful.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_changes(sqlite3*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Total Number Of Rows Modified
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** ^This function returns the total number of rows inserted, modified or
** deleted by all [INSERT], [UPDATE] or [DELETE] statements completed
................................................................................
** See also the [sqlite3_changes()] interface, the
** [count_changes pragma], and the [total_changes() SQL function].
**
** If a separate thread makes changes on the same database connection
** while [sqlite3_total_changes()] is running then the value
** returned is unpredictable and not meaningful.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_total_changes(sqlite3*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Interrupt A Long-Running Query
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** ^This function causes any pending database operation to abort and
** return at its earliest opportunity. This routine is typically
................................................................................
** ^A call to sqlite3_interrupt(D) that occurs when there are no running
** SQL statements is a no-op and has no effect on SQL statements
** that are started after the sqlite3_interrupt() call returns.
**
** If the database connection closes while [sqlite3_interrupt()]
** is running then bad things will likely happen.
*/
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_interrupt(sqlite3*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Determine If An SQL Statement Is Complete
**
** These routines are useful during command-line input to determine if the
** currently entered text seems to form a complete SQL statement or
** if additional input is needed before sending the text into
................................................................................
**
** The input to [sqlite3_complete()] must be a zero-terminated
** UTF-8 string.
**
** The input to [sqlite3_complete16()] must be a zero-terminated
** UTF-16 string in native byte order.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_complete(const char *sql);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_complete16(const void *sql);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Register A Callback To Handle SQLITE_BUSY Errors
** KEYWORDS: {busy-handler callback} {busy handler}
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** ^The sqlite3_busy_handler(D,X,P) routine sets a callback function X
................................................................................
** database connection that invoked the busy handler.  In other words,
** the busy handler is not reentrant.  Any such actions
** result in undefined behavior.
** 
** A busy handler must not close the database connection
** or [prepared statement] that invoked the busy handler.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_busy_handler(sqlite3*,int(*)(void*,int),void*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Set A Busy Timeout
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** ^This routine sets a [sqlite3_busy_handler | busy handler] that sleeps
** for a specified amount of time when a table is locked.  ^The handler
................................................................................
** ^(There can only be a single busy handler for a particular
** [database connection] at any given moment.  If another busy handler
** was defined  (using [sqlite3_busy_handler()]) prior to calling
** this routine, that other busy handler is cleared.)^
**
** See also:  [PRAGMA busy_timeout]
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_busy_timeout(sqlite3*, int ms);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Convenience Routines For Running Queries
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** This is a legacy interface that is preserved for backwards compatibility.
** Use of this interface is not recommended.
................................................................................
** [sqlite3_exec()].  The sqlite3_get_table() routine does not have access
** to any internal data structures of SQLite.  It uses only the public
** interface defined here.  As a consequence, errors that occur in the
** wrapper layer outside of the internal [sqlite3_exec()] call are not
** reflected in subsequent calls to [sqlite3_errcode()] or
** [sqlite3_errmsg()].
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_get_table(
  sqlite3 *db,          /* An open database */
  const char *zSql,     /* SQL to be evaluated */
  char ***pazResult,    /* Results of the query */
  int *pnRow,           /* Number of result rows written here */
  int *pnColumn,        /* Number of result columns written here */
  char **pzErrmsg       /* Error msg written here */
);
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_free_table(char **result);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Formatted String Printing Functions
**
** These routines are work-alikes of the "printf()" family of functions
** from the standard C library.
** These routines understand most of the common K&R formatting options,
................................................................................
** character.)^  The "%w" formatting option is intended for safely inserting
** table and column names into a constructed SQL statement.
**
** ^(The "%z" formatting option works like "%s" but with the
** addition that after the string has been read and copied into
** the result, [sqlite3_free()] is called on the input string.)^
*/
SQLITE_API char *sqlite3_mprintf(const char*,...);
SQLITE_API char *sqlite3_vmprintf(const char*, va_list);
SQLITE_API char *sqlite3_snprintf(int,char*,const char*, ...);
SQLITE_API char *sqlite3_vsnprintf(int,char*,const char*, va_list);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Memory Allocation Subsystem
**
** The SQLite core uses these three routines for all of its own
** internal memory allocation needs. "Core" in the previous sentence
** does not include operating-system specific VFS implementation.  The
................................................................................
** invocation of [sqlite3_malloc()] or [sqlite3_realloc()] that have
** not yet been released.
**
** The application must not read or write any part of
** a block of memory after it has been released using
** [sqlite3_free()] or [sqlite3_realloc()].
*/
SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_malloc(int);
SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_malloc64(sqlite3_uint64);
SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_realloc(void*, int);
SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_realloc64(void*, sqlite3_uint64);
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_free(void*);
SQLITE_API sqlite3_uint64 sqlite3_msize(void*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Memory Allocator Statistics
**
** SQLite provides these two interfaces for reporting on the status
** of the [sqlite3_malloc()], [sqlite3_free()], and [sqlite3_realloc()]
** routines, which form the built-in memory allocation subsystem.
................................................................................
**
** ^The memory high-water mark is reset to the current value of
** [sqlite3_memory_used()] if and only if the parameter to
** [sqlite3_memory_highwater()] is true.  ^The value returned
** by [sqlite3_memory_highwater(1)] is the high-water mark
** prior to the reset.
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3_int64 sqlite3_memory_used(void);
SQLITE_API sqlite3_int64 sqlite3_memory_highwater(int resetFlag);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Pseudo-Random Number Generator
**
** SQLite contains a high-quality pseudo-random number generator (PRNG) used to
** select random [ROWID | ROWIDs] when inserting new records into a table that
** already uses the largest possible [ROWID].  The PRNG is also used for
................................................................................
** seeded using randomness obtained from the xRandomness method of
** the default [sqlite3_vfs] object.
** ^If the previous call to this routine had an N of 1 or more and a
** non-NULL P then the pseudo-randomness is generated
** internally and without recourse to the [sqlite3_vfs] xRandomness
** method.
*/
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_randomness(int N, void *P);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Compile-Time Authorization Callbacks
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** ^This routine registers an authorizer callback with a particular
** [database connection], supplied in the first argument.
................................................................................
**
** ^Note that the authorizer callback is invoked only during
** [sqlite3_prepare()] or its variants.  Authorization is not
** performed during statement evaluation in [sqlite3_step()], unless
** as stated in the previous paragraph, sqlite3_step() invokes
** sqlite3_prepare_v2() to reprepare a statement after a schema change.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_set_authorizer(
  sqlite3*,
  int (*xAuth)(void*,int,const char*,const char*,const char*,const char*),
  void *pUserData
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Authorizer Return Codes
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_SAVEPOINT            32   /* Operation       Savepoint Name  */
#define SQLITE_COPY                  0   /* No longer used */
#define SQLITE_RECURSIVE            33   /* NULL            NULL            */

/*
** CAPI3REF: Tracing And Profiling Functions
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** These routines are deprecated. Use the [sqlite3_trace_v2()] interface
** instead of the routines described here.
**
** These routines register callback functions that can be used for
** tracing and profiling the execution of SQL statements.
**
** ^The callback function registered by sqlite3_trace() is invoked at
** various times when an SQL statement is being run by [sqlite3_step()].
** ^The sqlite3_trace() callback is invoked with a UTF-8 rendering of the
................................................................................
** time is in units of nanoseconds, however the current implementation
** is only capable of millisecond resolution so the six least significant
** digits in the time are meaningless.  Future versions of SQLite
** might provide greater resolution on the profiler callback.  The
** sqlite3_profile() function is considered experimental and is
** subject to change in future versions of SQLite.
*/
SQLITE_API SQLITE_DEPRECATED void *sqlite3_trace(sqlite3*,
   void(*xTrace)(void*,const char*), void*);
SQLITE_API SQLITE_DEPRECATED void *sqlite3_profile(sqlite3*,
   void(*xProfile)(void*,const char*,sqlite3_uint64), void*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: SQL Trace Event Codes
** KEYWORDS: SQLITE_TRACE
**
** These constants identify classes of events that can be monitored
** using the [sqlite3_trace_v2()] tracing logic.  The third argument
** to [sqlite3_trace_v2()] is an OR-ed combination of one or more of
** the following constants.  ^The first argument to the trace callback
** is one of the following constants.
**
** New tracing constants may be added in future releases.
**
** ^A trace callback has four arguments: xCallback(T,C,P,X).
** ^The T argument is one of the integer type codes above.
** ^The C argument is a copy of the context pointer passed in as the
** fourth argument to [sqlite3_trace_v2()].
** The P and X arguments are pointers whose meanings depend on T.
**
** <dl>
** [[SQLITE_TRACE_STMT]] <dt>SQLITE_TRACE_STMT</dt>
** <dd>^An SQLITE_TRACE_STMT callback is invoked when a prepared statement
** first begins running and possibly at other times during the
** execution of the prepared statement, such as at the start of each
** trigger subprogram. ^The P argument is a pointer to the
** [prepared statement]. ^The X argument is a pointer to a string which
** is the unexpanded SQL text of the prepared statement or an SQL comment 
** that indicates the invocation of a trigger.  ^The callback can compute
** the same text that would have been returned by the legacy [sqlite3_trace()]
** interface by using the X argument when X begins with "--" and invoking
** [sqlite3_expanded_sql(P)] otherwise.
**
** [[SQLITE_TRACE_PROFILE]] <dt>SQLITE_TRACE_PROFILE</dt>
** <dd>^An SQLITE_TRACE_PROFILE callback provides approximately the same
** information as is provided by the [sqlite3_profile()] callback.
** ^The P argument is a pointer to the [prepared statement] and the
** X argument points to a 64-bit integer which is the estimated of
** the number of nanosecond that the prepared statement took to run.
** ^The SQLITE_TRACE_PROFILE callback is invoked when the statement finishes.
**
** [[SQLITE_TRACE_ROW]] <dt>SQLITE_TRACE_ROW</dt>
** <dd>^An SQLITE_TRACE_ROW callback is invoked whenever a prepared
** statement generates a single row of result.  
** ^The P argument is a pointer to the [prepared statement] and the
** X argument is unused.
**
** [[SQLITE_TRACE_CLOSE]] <dt>SQLITE_TRACE_CLOSE</dt>
** <dd>^An SQLITE_TRACE_CLOSE callback is invoked when a database
** connection closes.
** ^The P argument is a pointer to the [database connection] object
** and the X argument is unused.
** </dl>
*/
#define SQLITE_TRACE_STMT       0x01
#define SQLITE_TRACE_PROFILE    0x02
#define SQLITE_TRACE_ROW        0x04
#define SQLITE_TRACE_CLOSE      0x08

/*
** CAPI3REF: SQL Trace Hook
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** ^The sqlite3_trace_v2(D,M,X,P) interface registers a trace callback
** function X against [database connection] D, using property mask M
** and context pointer P.  ^If the X callback is
** NULL or if the M mask is zero, then tracing is disabled.  The
** M argument should be the bitwise OR-ed combination of
** zero or more [SQLITE_TRACE] constants.
**
** ^Each call to either sqlite3_trace() or sqlite3_trace_v2() overrides 
** (cancels) any prior calls to sqlite3_trace() or sqlite3_trace_v2().
**
** ^The X callback is invoked whenever any of the events identified by 
** mask M occur.  ^The integer return value from the callback is currently
** ignored, though this may change in future releases.  Callback
** implementations should return zero to ensure future compatibility.
**
** ^A trace callback is invoked with four arguments: callback(T,C,P,X).
** ^The T argument is one of the [SQLITE_TRACE]
** constants to indicate why the callback was invoked.
** ^The C argument is a copy of the context pointer.
** The P and X arguments are pointers whose meanings depend on T.
**
** The sqlite3_trace_v2() interface is intended to replace the legacy
** interfaces [sqlite3_trace()] and [sqlite3_profile()], both of which
** are deprecated.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_trace_v2(
  sqlite3*,
  unsigned uMask,
  int(*xCallback)(unsigned,void*,void*,void*),
  void *pCtx
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Query Progress Callbacks
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** ^The sqlite3_progress_handler(D,N,X,P) interface causes the callback
** function X to be invoked periodically during long running calls to
................................................................................
**
** The progress handler callback must not do anything that will modify
** the database connection that invoked the progress handler.
** Note that [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] and [sqlite3_step()] both modify their
** database connections for the meaning of "modify" in this paragraph.
**
*/
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_progress_handler(sqlite3*, int, int(*)(void*), void*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Opening A New Database Connection
** CONSTRUCTOR: sqlite3
**
** ^These routines open an SQLite database file as specified by the 
** filename argument. ^The filename argument is interpreted as UTF-8 for
................................................................................
**
** <b>Note to Windows Runtime users:</b>  The temporary directory must be set
** prior to calling sqlite3_open() or sqlite3_open_v2().  Otherwise, various
** features that require the use of temporary files may fail.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_temp_directory]
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_open(
  const char *filename,   /* Database filename (UTF-8) */
  sqlite3 **ppDb          /* OUT: SQLite db handle */
);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_open16(
  const void *filename,   /* Database filename (UTF-16) */
  sqlite3 **ppDb          /* OUT: SQLite db handle */
);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_open_v2(
  const char *filename,   /* Database filename (UTF-8) */
  sqlite3 **ppDb,         /* OUT: SQLite db handle */
  int flags,              /* Flags */
  const char *zVfs        /* Name of VFS module to use */
);

/*
................................................................................
** 
** If F is a NULL pointer, then sqlite3_uri_parameter(F,P) returns NULL and
** sqlite3_uri_boolean(F,P,B) returns B.  If F is not a NULL pointer and
** is not a database file pathname pointer that SQLite passed into the xOpen
** VFS method, then the behavior of this routine is undefined and probably
** undesirable.
*/
SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_uri_parameter(const char *zFilename, const char *zParam);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_uri_boolean(const char *zFile, const char *zParam, int bDefault);
SQLITE_API sqlite3_int64 sqlite3_uri_int64(const char*, const char*, sqlite3_int64);


/*
** CAPI3REF: Error Codes And Messages
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** ^If the most recent sqlite3_* API call associated with 
................................................................................
** to use D and invoking [sqlite3_mutex_leave]([sqlite3_db_mutex](D)) after
** all calls to the interfaces listed here are completed.
**
** If an interface fails with SQLITE_MISUSE, that means the interface
** was invoked incorrectly by the application.  In that case, the
** error code and message may or may not be set.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_errcode(sqlite3 *db);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_extended_errcode(sqlite3 *db);
SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_errmsg(sqlite3*);
SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_errmsg16(sqlite3*);
SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_errstr(int);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Prepared Statement Object
** KEYWORDS: {prepared statement} {prepared statements}
**
** An instance of this object represents a single SQL statement that
** has been compiled into binary form and is ready to be evaluated.
................................................................................
** attack.  Developers might also want to use the [sqlite3_set_authorizer()]
** interface to further control untrusted SQL.  The size of the database
** created by an untrusted script can be contained using the
** [max_page_count] [PRAGMA].
**
** New run-time limit categories may be added in future releases.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_limit(sqlite3*, int id, int newVal);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Limit Categories
** KEYWORDS: {limit category} {*limit categories}
**
** These constants define various performance limits
** that can be lowered at run-time using [sqlite3_limit()].
................................................................................
** <dd>The maximum depth of the parse tree on any expression.</dd>)^
**
** [[SQLITE_LIMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_LIMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT</dt>
** <dd>The maximum number of terms in a compound SELECT statement.</dd>)^
**
** [[SQLITE_LIMIT_VDBE_OP]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_LIMIT_VDBE_OP</dt>
** <dd>The maximum number of instructions in a virtual machine program
** used to implement an SQL statement.  If [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] or
** the equivalent tries to allocate space for more than this many opcodes
** in a single prepared statement, an SQLITE_NOMEM error is returned.</dd>)^
**
** [[SQLITE_LIMIT_FUNCTION_ARG]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_LIMIT_FUNCTION_ARG</dt>
** <dd>The maximum number of arguments on a function.</dd>)^
**
** [[SQLITE_LIMIT_ATTACHED]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_LIMIT_ATTACHED</dt>
** <dd>The maximum number of [ATTACH | attached databases].)^</dd>
**
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_LIMIT_VDBE_OP                   5
#define SQLITE_LIMIT_FUNCTION_ARG              6
#define SQLITE_LIMIT_ATTACHED                  7
#define SQLITE_LIMIT_LIKE_PATTERN_LENGTH       8
#define SQLITE_LIMIT_VARIABLE_NUMBER           9
#define SQLITE_LIMIT_TRIGGER_DEPTH            10
#define SQLITE_LIMIT_WORKER_THREADS           11


/*
** CAPI3REF: Compiling An SQL Statement
** KEYWORDS: {SQL statement compiler}
** METHOD: sqlite3
** CONSTRUCTOR: sqlite3_stmt
**
................................................................................
** ^The specific value of WHERE-clause [parameter] might influence the 
** choice of query plan if the parameter is the left-hand side of a [LIKE]
** or [GLOB] operator or if the parameter is compared to an indexed column
** and the [SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3] compile-time option is enabled.
** </li>
** </ol>
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_prepare(
  sqlite3 *db,            /* Database handle */
  const char *zSql,       /* SQL statement, UTF-8 encoded */
  int nByte,              /* Maximum length of zSql in bytes. */
  sqlite3_stmt **ppStmt,  /* OUT: Statement handle */
  const char **pzTail     /* OUT: Pointer to unused portion of zSql */
);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_prepare_v2(
  sqlite3 *db,            /* Database handle */
  const char *zSql,       /* SQL statement, UTF-8 encoded */
  int nByte,              /* Maximum length of zSql in bytes. */
  sqlite3_stmt **ppStmt,  /* OUT: Statement handle */
  const char **pzTail     /* OUT: Pointer to unused portion of zSql */
);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_prepare16(
  sqlite3 *db,            /* Database handle */
  const void *zSql,       /* SQL statement, UTF-16 encoded */
  int nByte,              /* Maximum length of zSql in bytes. */
  sqlite3_stmt **ppStmt,  /* OUT: Statement handle */
  const void **pzTail     /* OUT: Pointer to unused portion of zSql */
);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_prepare16_v2(
  sqlite3 *db,            /* Database handle */
  const void *zSql,       /* SQL statement, UTF-16 encoded */
  int nByte,              /* Maximum length of zSql in bytes. */
  sqlite3_stmt **ppStmt,  /* OUT: Statement handle */
  const void **pzTail     /* OUT: Pointer to unused portion of zSql */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Retrieving Statement SQL
** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
**
** ^The sqlite3_sql(P) interface returns a pointer to a copy of the UTF-8
** SQL text used to create [prepared statement] P if P was
** created by either [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] or [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()].
** ^The sqlite3_expanded_sql(P) interface returns a pointer to a UTF-8
** string containing the SQL text of prepared statement P with
** [bound parameters] expanded.
**
** ^(For example, if a prepared statement is created using the SQL
** text "SELECT $abc,:xyz" and if parameter $abc is bound to integer 2345
** and parameter :xyz is unbound, then sqlite3_sql() will return
** the original string, "SELECT $abc,:xyz" but sqlite3_expanded_sql()
** will return "SELECT 2345,NULL".)^
**
** ^The sqlite3_expanded_sql() interface returns NULL if insufficient memory
** is available to hold the result, or if the result would exceed the
** the maximum string length determined by the [SQLITE_LIMIT_LENGTH].
**
** ^The [SQLITE_TRACE_SIZE_LIMIT] compile-time option limits the size of
** bound parameter expansions.  ^The [SQLITE_OMIT_TRACE] compile-time
** option causes sqlite3_expanded_sql() to always return NULL.
**
** ^The string returned by sqlite3_sql(P) is managed by SQLite and is
** automatically freed when the prepared statement is finalized.
** ^The string returned by sqlite3_expanded_sql(P), on the other hand,
** is obtained from [sqlite3_malloc()] and must be free by the application
** by passing it to [sqlite3_free()].
*/
SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_sql(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);
SQLITE_API char *sqlite3_expanded_sql(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Determine If An SQL Statement Writes The Database
** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
**
** ^The sqlite3_stmt_readonly(X) interface returns true (non-zero) if
** and only if the [prepared statement] X makes no direct changes to
................................................................................
** [SAVEPOINT], and [RELEASE] cause sqlite3_stmt_readonly() to return true,
** since the statements themselves do not actually modify the database but
** rather they control the timing of when other statements modify the 
** database.  ^The [ATTACH] and [DETACH] statements also cause
** sqlite3_stmt_readonly() to return true since, while those statements
** change the configuration of a database connection, they do not make 
** changes to the content of the database files on disk.
** ^The sqlite3_stmt_readonly() interface returns true for [BEGIN] since
** [BEGIN] merely sets internal flags, but the [BEGIN|BEGIN IMMEDIATE] and
** [BEGIN|BEGIN EXCLUSIVE] commands do touch the database and so
** sqlite3_stmt_readonly() returns false for those commands.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_stmt_readonly(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Determine If A Prepared Statement Has Been Reset
** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
**
** ^The sqlite3_stmt_busy(S) interface returns true (non-zero) if the
** [prepared statement] S has been stepped at least once using 
................................................................................
**
** This interface can be used in combination [sqlite3_next_stmt()]
** to locate all prepared statements associated with a database 
** connection that are in need of being reset.  This can be used,
** for example, in diagnostic routines to search for prepared 
** statements that are holding a transaction open.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_stmt_busy(sqlite3_stmt*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Dynamically Typed Value Object
** KEYWORDS: {protected sqlite3_value} {unprotected sqlite3_value}
**
** SQLite uses the sqlite3_value object to represent all values
** that can be stored in a database table. SQLite uses dynamic typing
................................................................................
** [SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH].
** ^[SQLITE_RANGE] is returned if the parameter
** index is out of range.  ^[SQLITE_NOMEM] is returned if malloc() fails.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_bind_parameter_count()],
** [sqlite3_bind_parameter_name()], and [sqlite3_bind_parameter_index()].
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_blob(sqlite3_stmt*, int, const void*, int n, void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_blob64(sqlite3_stmt*, int, const void*, sqlite3_uint64,
                        void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_double(sqlite3_stmt*, int, double);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_int(sqlite3_stmt*, int, int);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_int64(sqlite3_stmt*, int, sqlite3_int64);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_null(sqlite3_stmt*, int);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_text(sqlite3_stmt*,int,const char*,int,void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_text16(sqlite3_stmt*, int, const void*, int, void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_text64(sqlite3_stmt*, int, const char*, sqlite3_uint64,
                         void(*)(void*), unsigned char encoding);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_value(sqlite3_stmt*, int, const sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_zeroblob(sqlite3_stmt*, int, int n);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_zeroblob64(sqlite3_stmt*, int, sqlite3_uint64);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Number Of SQL Parameters
** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
**
** ^This routine can be used to find the number of [SQL parameters]
** in a [prepared statement].  SQL parameters are tokens of the
................................................................................
** number of unique parameters.  If parameters of the ?NNN form are used,
** there may be gaps in the list.)^
**
** See also: [sqlite3_bind_blob|sqlite3_bind()],
** [sqlite3_bind_parameter_name()], and
** [sqlite3_bind_parameter_index()].
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_parameter_count(sqlite3_stmt*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Name Of A Host Parameter
** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
**
** ^The sqlite3_bind_parameter_name(P,N) interface returns
** the name of the N-th [SQL parameter] in the [prepared statement] P.
................................................................................
** originally specified as UTF-16 in [sqlite3_prepare16()] or
** [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()].
**
** See also: [sqlite3_bind_blob|sqlite3_bind()],
** [sqlite3_bind_parameter_count()], and
** [sqlite3_bind_parameter_index()].
*/
SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_bind_parameter_name(sqlite3_stmt*, int);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Index Of A Parameter With A Given Name
** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
**
** ^Return the index of an SQL parameter given its name.  ^The
** index value returned is suitable for use as the second
................................................................................
** name must be given in UTF-8 even if the original statement
** was prepared from UTF-16 text using [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()].
**
** See also: [sqlite3_bind_blob|sqlite3_bind()],
** [sqlite3_bind_parameter_count()], and
** [sqlite3_bind_parameter_name()].
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_parameter_index(sqlite3_stmt*, const char *zName);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Reset All Bindings On A Prepared Statement
** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
**
** ^Contrary to the intuition of many, [sqlite3_reset()] does not reset
** the [sqlite3_bind_blob | bindings] on a [prepared statement].
** ^Use this routine to reset all host parameters to NULL.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_clear_bindings(sqlite3_stmt*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Number Of Columns In A Result Set
** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
**
** ^Return the number of columns in the result set returned by the
** [prepared statement]. ^If this routine returns 0, that means the 
** [prepared statement] returns no data (for example an [UPDATE]).
** ^However, just because this routine returns a positive number does not
** mean that one or more rows of data will be returned.  ^A SELECT statement
** will always have a positive sqlite3_column_count() but depending on the
** WHERE clause constraints and the table content, it might return no rows.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_data_count()]
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_column_count(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Column Names In A Result Set
** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
**
** ^These routines return the name assigned to a particular column
** in the result set of a [SELECT] statement.  ^The sqlite3_column_name()
................................................................................
** NULL pointer is returned.
**
** ^The name of a result column is the value of the "AS" clause for
** that column, if there is an AS clause.  If there is no AS clause
** then the name of the column is unspecified and may change from
** one release of SQLite to the next.
*/
SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_column_name(sqlite3_stmt*, int N);
SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_column_name16(sqlite3_stmt*, int N);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Source Of Data In A Query Result
** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
**
** ^These routines provide a means to determine the database, table, and
** table column that is the origin of a particular result column in
................................................................................
** undefined.
**
** If two or more threads call one or more
** [sqlite3_column_database_name | column metadata interfaces]
** for the same [prepared statement] and result column
** at the same time then the results are undefined.
*/
SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_column_database_name(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_column_database_name16(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_column_table_name(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_column_table_name16(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_column_origin_name(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_column_origin_name16(sqlite3_stmt*,int);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Declared Datatype Of A Query Result
** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
**
** ^(The first parameter is a [prepared statement].
** If this statement is a [SELECT] statement and the Nth column of the
................................................................................
** ^SQLite uses dynamic run-time typing.  ^So just because a column
** is declared to contain a particular type does not mean that the
** data stored in that column is of the declared type.  SQLite is
** strongly typed, but the typing is dynamic not static.  ^Type
** is associated with individual values, not with the containers
** used to hold those values.
*/
SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_column_decltype(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_column_decltype16(sqlite3_stmt*,int);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Evaluate An SQL Statement
** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
**
** After a [prepared statement] has been prepared using either
** [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] or [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()] or one of the legacy
................................................................................
** more threads at the same moment in time.
**
** For all versions of SQLite up to and including 3.6.23.1, a call to
** [sqlite3_reset()] was required after sqlite3_step() returned anything
** other than [SQLITE_ROW] before any subsequent invocation of
** sqlite3_step().  Failure to reset the prepared statement using 
** [sqlite3_reset()] would result in an [SQLITE_MISUSE] return from
** sqlite3_step().  But after [version 3.6.23.1] ([dateof:3.6.23.1],
** sqlite3_step() began
** calling [sqlite3_reset()] automatically in this circumstance rather
** than returning [SQLITE_MISUSE].  This is not considered a compatibility
** break because any application that ever receives an SQLITE_MISUSE error
** is broken by definition.  The [SQLITE_OMIT_AUTORESET] compile-time option
** can be used to restore the legacy behavior.
**
** <b>Goofy Interface Alert:</b> In the legacy interface, the sqlite3_step()
................................................................................
** We admit that this is a goofy design.  The problem has been fixed
** with the "v2" interface.  If you prepare all of your SQL statements
** using either [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] or [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()] instead
** of the legacy [sqlite3_prepare()] and [sqlite3_prepare16()] interfaces,
** then the more specific [error codes] are returned directly
** by sqlite3_step().  The use of the "v2" interface is recommended.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_step(sqlite3_stmt*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Number of columns in a result set
** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
**
** ^The sqlite3_data_count(P) interface returns the number of columns in the
** current row of the result set of [prepared statement] P.
................................................................................
** will return non-zero if previous call to [sqlite3_step](P) returned
** [SQLITE_ROW], except in the case of the [PRAGMA incremental_vacuum]
** where it always returns zero since each step of that multi-step
** pragma returns 0 columns of data.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_column_count()]
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_data_count(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Fundamental Datatypes
** KEYWORDS: SQLITE_TEXT
**
** ^(Every value in SQLite has one of five fundamental datatypes:
**
................................................................................
**
** ^(If a memory allocation error occurs during the evaluation of any
** of these routines, a default value is returned.  The default value
** is either the integer 0, the floating point number 0.0, or a NULL
** pointer.  Subsequent calls to [sqlite3_errcode()] will return
** [SQLITE_NOMEM].)^
*/
SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_column_blob(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_column_bytes(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_column_bytes16(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
SQLITE_API double sqlite3_column_double(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_column_int(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
SQLITE_API sqlite3_int64 sqlite3_column_int64(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
SQLITE_API const unsigned char *sqlite3_column_text(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_column_text16(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_column_type(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
SQLITE_API sqlite3_value *sqlite3_column_value(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Destroy A Prepared Statement Object
** DESTRUCTOR: sqlite3_stmt
**
** ^The sqlite3_finalize() function is called to delete a [prepared statement].
** ^If the most recent evaluation of the statement encountered no errors
................................................................................
**
** The application must finalize every [prepared statement] in order to avoid
** resource leaks.  It is a grievous error for the application to try to use
** a prepared statement after it has been finalized.  Any use of a prepared
** statement after it has been finalized can result in undefined and
** undesirable behavior such as segfaults and heap corruption.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_finalize(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Reset A Prepared Statement Object
** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
**
** The sqlite3_reset() function is called to reset a [prepared statement]
** object back to its initial state, ready to be re-executed.
................................................................................
** ^If the most recent call to [sqlite3_step(S)] for the
** [prepared statement] S indicated an error, then
** [sqlite3_reset(S)] returns an appropriate [error code].
**
** ^The [sqlite3_reset(S)] interface does not change the values
** of any [sqlite3_bind_blob|bindings] on the [prepared statement] S.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_reset(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Create Or Redefine SQL Functions
** KEYWORDS: {function creation routines}
** KEYWORDS: {application-defined SQL function}
** KEYWORDS: {application-defined SQL functions}
** METHOD: sqlite3
................................................................................
** ^Built-in functions may be overloaded by new application-defined functions.
**
** ^An application-defined function is permitted to call other
** SQLite interfaces.  However, such calls must not
** close the database connection nor finalize or reset the prepared
** statement in which the function is running.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_create_function(
  sqlite3 *db,
  const char *zFunctionName,
  int nArg,
  int eTextRep,
  void *pApp,
  void (*xFunc)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**),
  void (*xStep)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**),
  void (*xFinal)(sqlite3_context*)
);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_create_function16(
  sqlite3 *db,
  const void *zFunctionName,
  int nArg,
  int eTextRep,
  void *pApp,
  void (*xFunc)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**),
  void (*xStep)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**),
  void (*xFinal)(sqlite3_context*)
);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_create_function_v2(
  sqlite3 *db,
  const char *zFunctionName,
  int nArg,
  int eTextRep,
  void *pApp,
  void (*xFunc)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**),
  void (*xStep)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**),
................................................................................
** These functions are [deprecated].  In order to maintain
** backwards compatibility with older code, these functions continue 
** to be supported.  However, new applications should avoid
** the use of these functions.  To encourage programmers to avoid
** these functions, we will not explain what they do.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_DEPRECATED
SQLITE_API SQLITE_DEPRECATED int sqlite3_aggregate_count(sqlite3_context*);
SQLITE_API SQLITE_DEPRECATED int sqlite3_expired(sqlite3_stmt*);
SQLITE_API SQLITE_DEPRECATED int sqlite3_transfer_bindings(sqlite3_stmt*, sqlite3_stmt*);
SQLITE_API SQLITE_DEPRECATED int sqlite3_global_recover(void);
SQLITE_API SQLITE_DEPRECATED void sqlite3_thread_cleanup(void);
SQLITE_API SQLITE_DEPRECATED int sqlite3_memory_alarm(void(*)(void*,sqlite3_int64,int),
                      void*,sqlite3_int64);
#endif

/*
** CAPI3REF: Obtaining SQL Values
** METHOD: sqlite3_value
**
................................................................................
** [sqlite3_value_text16()] can be invalidated by a subsequent call to
** [sqlite3_value_bytes()], [sqlite3_value_bytes16()], [sqlite3_value_text()],
** or [sqlite3_value_text16()].
**
** These routines must be called from the same thread as
** the SQL function that supplied the [sqlite3_value*] parameters.
*/
SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_value_blob(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_value_bytes(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_value_bytes16(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API double sqlite3_value_double(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_value_int(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API sqlite3_int64 sqlite3_value_int64(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API const unsigned char *sqlite3_value_text(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_value_text16(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_value_text16le(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_value_text16be(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_value_type(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_value_numeric_type(sqlite3_value*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Finding The Subtype Of SQL Values
** METHOD: sqlite3_value
**
** The sqlite3_value_subtype(V) function returns the subtype for
** an [application-defined SQL function] argument V.  The subtype
................................................................................
** one SQL function to another.  Use the [sqlite3_result_subtype()]
** routine to set the subtype for the return value of an SQL function.
**
** SQLite makes no use of subtype itself.  It merely passes the subtype
** from the result of one [application-defined SQL function] into the
** input of another.
*/
SQLITE_API unsigned int sqlite3_value_subtype(sqlite3_value*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Copy And Free SQL Values
** METHOD: sqlite3_value
**
** ^The sqlite3_value_dup(V) interface makes a copy of the [sqlite3_value]
** object D and returns a pointer to that copy.  ^The [sqlite3_value] returned
................................................................................
** ^The sqlite3_value_dup(V) interface returns NULL if V is NULL or if a
** memory allocation fails.
**
** ^The sqlite3_value_free(V) interface frees an [sqlite3_value] object
** previously obtained from [sqlite3_value_dup()].  ^If V is a NULL pointer
** then sqlite3_value_free(V) is a harmless no-op.
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3_value *sqlite3_value_dup(const sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_value_free(sqlite3_value*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Obtain Aggregate Function Context
** METHOD: sqlite3_context
**
** Implementations of aggregate SQL functions use this
** routine to allocate memory for storing their state.
................................................................................
** [sqlite3_context | SQL function context] that is the first parameter
** to the xStep or xFinal callback routine that implements the aggregate
** function.
**
** This routine must be called from the same thread in which
** the aggregate SQL function is running.
*/
SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_aggregate_context(sqlite3_context*, int nBytes);

/*
** CAPI3REF: User Data For Functions
** METHOD: sqlite3_context
**
** ^The sqlite3_user_data() interface returns a copy of
** the pointer that was the pUserData parameter (the 5th parameter)
................................................................................
** of the [sqlite3_create_function()]
** and [sqlite3_create_function16()] routines that originally
** registered the application defined function.
**
** This routine must be called from the same thread in which
** the application-defined function is running.
*/
SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_user_data(sqlite3_context*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Database Connection For Functions
** METHOD: sqlite3_context
**
** ^The sqlite3_context_db_handle() interface returns a copy of
** the pointer to the [database connection] (the 1st parameter)
** of the [sqlite3_create_function()]
** and [sqlite3_create_function16()] routines that originally
** registered the application defined function.
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3 *sqlite3_context_db_handle(sqlite3_context*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Function Auxiliary Data
** METHOD: sqlite3_context
**
** These functions may be used by (non-aggregate) SQL functions to
** associate metadata with argument values. If the same value is passed to
................................................................................
** calls to sqlite3_get_auxdata(C,N) return P from the most recent
** sqlite3_set_auxdata(C,N,P,X) call if the metadata is still valid or
** NULL if the metadata has been discarded.
** ^After each call to sqlite3_set_auxdata(C,N,P,X) where X is not NULL,
** SQLite will invoke the destructor function X with parameter P exactly
** once, when the metadata is discarded.
** SQLite is free to discard the metadata at any time, including: <ul>
** <li> ^(when the corresponding function parameter changes)^, or
** <li> ^(when [sqlite3_reset()] or [sqlite3_finalize()] is called for the
**      SQL statement)^, or
** <li> ^(when sqlite3_set_auxdata() is invoked again on the same
**       parameter)^, or
** <li> ^(during the original sqlite3_set_auxdata() call when a memory 
**      allocation error occurs.)^ </ul>
**
** Note the last bullet in particular.  The destructor X in 
** sqlite3_set_auxdata(C,N,P,X) might be called immediately, before the
** sqlite3_set_auxdata() interface even returns.  Hence sqlite3_set_auxdata()
** should be called near the end of the function implementation and the
** function implementation should not make any use of P after
** sqlite3_set_auxdata() has been called.
................................................................................
** ^(In practice, metadata is preserved between function calls for
** function parameters that are compile-time constants, including literal
** values and [parameters] and expressions composed from the same.)^
**
** These routines must be called from the same thread in which
** the SQL function is running.
*/
SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_get_auxdata(sqlite3_context*, int N);
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_set_auxdata(sqlite3_context*, int N, void*, void (*)(void*));


/*
** CAPI3REF: Constants Defining Special Destructor Behavior
**
** These are special values for the destructor that is passed in as the
** final argument to routines like [sqlite3_result_blob()].  ^If the destructor
................................................................................
** [unprotected sqlite3_value] object is required, so either
** kind of [sqlite3_value] object can be used with this interface.
**
** If these routines are called from within the different thread
** than the one containing the application-defined function that received
** the [sqlite3_context] pointer, the results are undefined.
*/
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_blob(sqlite3_context*, const void*, int, void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_blob64(sqlite3_context*,const void*,
                           sqlite3_uint64,void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_double(sqlite3_context*, double);
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_error(sqlite3_context*, const char*, int);
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_error16(sqlite3_context*, const void*, int);
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_error_toobig(sqlite3_context*);
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_error_nomem(sqlite3_context*);
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_error_code(sqlite3_context*, int);
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_int(sqlite3_context*, int);
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_int64(sqlite3_context*, sqlite3_int64);
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_null(sqlite3_context*);
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_text(sqlite3_context*, const char*, int, void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_text64(sqlite3_context*, const char*,sqlite3_uint64,
                           void(*)(void*), unsigned char encoding);
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_text16(sqlite3_context*, const void*, int, void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_text16le(sqlite3_context*, const void*, int,void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_text16be(sqlite3_context*, const void*, int,void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_value(sqlite3_context*, sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_zeroblob(sqlite3_context*, int n);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_result_zeroblob64(sqlite3_context*, sqlite3_uint64 n);


/*
** CAPI3REF: Setting The Subtype Of An SQL Function
** METHOD: sqlite3_context
**
** The sqlite3_result_subtype(C,T) function causes the subtype of
................................................................................
** the result from the [application-defined SQL function] with 
** [sqlite3_context] C to be the value T.  Only the lower 8 bits 
** of the subtype T are preserved in current versions of SQLite;
** higher order bits are discarded.
** The number of subtype bytes preserved by SQLite might increase
** in future releases of SQLite.
*/
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_subtype(sqlite3_context*,unsigned int);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Define New Collating Sequences
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** ^These functions add, remove, or modify a [collation] associated
** with the [database connection] specified as the first argument.
................................................................................
** themselves rather than expecting SQLite to deal with it for them.
** This is different from every other SQLite interface.  The inconsistency 
** is unfortunate but cannot be changed without breaking backwards 
** compatibility.
**
** See also:  [sqlite3_collation_needed()] and [sqlite3_collation_needed16()].
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_create_collation(
  sqlite3*, 
  const char *zName, 
  int eTextRep, 
  void *pArg,
  int(*xCompare)(void*,int,const void*,int,const void*)
);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_create_collation_v2(
  sqlite3*, 
  const char *zName, 
  int eTextRep, 
  void *pArg,
  int(*xCompare)(void*,int,const void*,int,const void*),
  void(*xDestroy)(void*)
);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_create_collation16(
  sqlite3*, 
  const void *zName,
  int eTextRep, 
  void *pArg,
  int(*xCompare)(void*,int,const void*,int,const void*)
);

................................................................................
** sequence function required.  The fourth parameter is the name of the
** required collation sequence.)^
**
** The callback function should register the desired collation using
** [sqlite3_create_collation()], [sqlite3_create_collation16()], or
** [sqlite3_create_collation_v2()].
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_collation_needed(
  sqlite3*, 
  void*, 
  void(*)(void*,sqlite3*,int eTextRep,const char*)
);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_collation_needed16(
  sqlite3*, 
  void*,
  void(*)(void*,sqlite3*,int eTextRep,const void*)
);

#ifdef SQLITE_HAS_CODEC
/*
** Specify the key for an encrypted database.  This routine should be
** called right after sqlite3_open().
**
** The code to implement this API is not available in the public release
** of SQLite.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_key(
  sqlite3 *db,                   /* Database to be rekeyed */
  const void *pKey, int nKey     /* The key */
);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_key_v2(
  sqlite3 *db,                   /* Database to be rekeyed */
  const char *zDbName,           /* Name of the database */
  const void *pKey, int nKey     /* The key */
);

/*
** Change the key on an open database.  If the current database is not
** encrypted, this routine will encrypt it.  If pNew==0 or nNew==0, the
** database is decrypted.
**
** The code to implement this API is not available in the public release
** of SQLite.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_rekey(
  sqlite3 *db,                   /* Database to be rekeyed */
  const void *pKey, int nKey     /* The new key */
);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_rekey_v2(
  sqlite3 *db,                   /* Database to be rekeyed */
  const char *zDbName,           /* Name of the database */
  const void *pKey, int nKey     /* The new key */
);

/*
** Specify the activation key for a SEE database.  Unless 
** activated, none of the SEE routines will work.
*/
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_activate_see(
  const char *zPassPhrase        /* Activation phrase */
);
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_CEROD
/*
** Specify the activation key for a CEROD database.  Unless 
** activated, none of the CEROD routines will work.
*/
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_activate_cerod(
  const char *zPassPhrase        /* Activation phrase */
);
#endif

/*
** CAPI3REF: Suspend Execution For A Short Time
**
................................................................................
**
** ^SQLite implements this interface by calling the xSleep()
** method of the default [sqlite3_vfs] object.  If the xSleep() method
** of the default VFS is not implemented correctly, or not implemented at
** all, then the behavior of sqlite3_sleep() may deviate from the description
** in the previous paragraphs.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_sleep(int);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Name Of The Folder Holding Temporary Files
**
** ^(If this global variable is made to point to a string which is
** the name of a folder (a.k.a. directory), then all temporary files
** created by SQLite when using a built-in [sqlite3_vfs | VFS]
................................................................................
** find out whether SQLite automatically rolled back the transaction after
** an error is to use this function.
**
** If another thread changes the autocommit status of the database
** connection while this routine is running, then the return value
** is undefined.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_get_autocommit(sqlite3*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Find The Database Handle Of A Prepared Statement
** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
**
** ^The sqlite3_db_handle interface returns the [database connection] handle
** to which a [prepared statement] belongs.  ^The [database connection]
** returned by sqlite3_db_handle is the same [database connection]
** that was the first argument
** to the [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] call (or its variants) that was used to
** create the statement in the first place.
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3 *sqlite3_db_handle(sqlite3_stmt*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Return The Filename For A Database Connection
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** ^The sqlite3_db_filename(D,N) interface returns a pointer to a filename
** associated with database N of connection D.  ^The main database file
................................................................................
** a NULL pointer is returned.
**
** ^The filename returned by this function is the output of the
** xFullPathname method of the [VFS].  ^In other words, the filename
** will be an absolute pathname, even if the filename used
** to open the database originally was a URI or relative pathname.
*/
SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_db_filename(sqlite3 *db, const char *zDbName);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Determine if a database is read-only
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** ^The sqlite3_db_readonly(D,N) interface returns 1 if the database N
** of connection D is read-only, 0 if it is read/write, or -1 if N is not
** the name of a database on connection D.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_db_readonly(sqlite3 *db, const char *zDbName);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Find the next prepared statement
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** ^This interface returns a pointer to the next [prepared statement] after
** pStmt associated with the [database connection] pDb.  ^If pStmt is NULL
................................................................................
** associated with the database connection pDb.  ^If no prepared statement
** satisfies the conditions of this routine, it returns NULL.
**
** The [database connection] pointer D in a call to
** [sqlite3_next_stmt(D,S)] must refer to an open database
** connection and in particular must not be a NULL pointer.
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3_stmt *sqlite3_next_stmt(sqlite3 *pDb, sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Commit And Rollback Notification Callbacks
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** ^The sqlite3_commit_hook() interface registers a callback
** function to be invoked whenever a transaction is [COMMIT | committed].
................................................................................
** rolled back if an explicit "ROLLBACK" statement is executed, or
** an error or constraint causes an implicit rollback to occur.
** ^The rollback callback is not invoked if a transaction is
** automatically rolled back because the database connection is closed.
**
** See also the [sqlite3_update_hook()] interface.
*/
SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_commit_hook(sqlite3*, int(*)(void*), void*);
SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_rollback_hook(sqlite3*, void(*)(void *), void*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Data Change Notification Callbacks
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** ^The sqlite3_update_hook() interface registers a callback function
** with the [database connection] identified by the first argument
................................................................................
** ^In the case of an update, this is the [rowid] after the update takes place.
**
** ^(The update hook is not invoked when internal system tables are
** modified (i.e. sqlite_master and sqlite_sequence).)^
** ^The update hook is not invoked when [WITHOUT ROWID] tables are modified.
**
** ^In the current implementation, the update hook
** is not invoked when conflicting rows are deleted because of an
** [ON CONFLICT | ON CONFLICT REPLACE] clause.  ^Nor is the update hook
** invoked when rows are deleted using the [truncate optimization].
** The exceptions defined in this paragraph might change in a future
** release of SQLite.
**
** The update hook implementation must not do anything that will modify
** the database connection that invoked the update hook.  Any actions
................................................................................
** returns the P argument from the previous call
** on the same [database connection] D, or NULL for
** the first call on D.
**
** See also the [sqlite3_commit_hook()], [sqlite3_rollback_hook()],
** and [sqlite3_preupdate_hook()] interfaces.
*/
SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_update_hook(
  sqlite3*, 
  void(*)(void *,int ,char const *,char const *,sqlite3_int64),
  void*
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Enable Or Disable Shared Pager Cache
................................................................................
**
** ^(This routine enables or disables the sharing of the database cache
** and schema data structures between [database connection | connections]
** to the same database. Sharing is enabled if the argument is true
** and disabled if the argument is false.)^
**
** ^Cache sharing is enabled and disabled for an entire process.
** This is a change as of SQLite [version 3.5.0] ([dateof:3.5.0]). 
** In prior versions of SQLite,
** sharing was enabled or disabled for each thread separately.
**
** ^(The cache sharing mode set by this interface effects all subsequent
** calls to [sqlite3_open()], [sqlite3_open_v2()], and [sqlite3_open16()].
** Existing database connections continue use the sharing mode
** that was in effect at the time they were opened.)^
**
................................................................................
** [sqlite3_open_v2()] with [SQLITE_OPEN_SHAREDCACHE].
**
** This interface is threadsafe on processors where writing a
** 32-bit integer is atomic.
**
** See Also:  [SQLite Shared-Cache Mode]
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_enable_shared_cache(int);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Attempt To Free Heap Memory
**
** ^The sqlite3_release_memory() interface attempts to free N bytes
** of heap memory by deallocating non-essential memory allocations
** held by the database library.   Memory used to cache database
................................................................................
** ^sqlite3_release_memory() returns the number of bytes actually freed,
** which might be more or less than the amount requested.
** ^The sqlite3_release_memory() routine is a no-op returning zero
** if SQLite is not compiled with [SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT].
**
** See also: [sqlite3_db_release_memory()]
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_release_memory(int);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Free Memory Used By A Database Connection
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** ^The sqlite3_db_release_memory(D) interface attempts to free as much heap
** memory as possible from database connection D. Unlike the
** [sqlite3_release_memory()] interface, this interface is in effect even
** when the [SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT] compile-time option is
** omitted.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_release_memory()]
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_db_release_memory(sqlite3*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Impose A Limit On Heap Size
**
** ^The sqlite3_soft_heap_limit64() interface sets and/or queries the
** soft limit on the amount of heap memory that may be allocated by SQLite.
** ^SQLite strives to keep heap memory utilization below the soft heap
................................................................................
** <li> An alternative page cache implementation is specified using
**      [sqlite3_config]([SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE2],...).
** <li> The page cache allocates from its own memory pool supplied
**      by [sqlite3_config]([SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE],...) rather than
**      from the heap.
** </ul>)^
**
** Beginning with SQLite [version 3.7.3] ([dateof:3.7.3]), 
** the soft heap limit is enforced
** regardless of whether or not the [SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT]
** compile-time option is invoked.  With [SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT],
** the soft heap limit is enforced on every memory allocation.  Without
** [SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT], the soft heap limit is only enforced
** when memory is allocated by the page cache.  Testing suggests that because
** the page cache is the predominate memory user in SQLite, most
** applications will achieve adequate soft heap limit enforcement without
** the use of [SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT].
**
** The circumstances under which SQLite will enforce the soft heap limit may
** changes in future releases of SQLite.
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3_int64 sqlite3_soft_heap_limit64(sqlite3_int64 N);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Deprecated Soft Heap Limit Interface
** DEPRECATED
**
** This is a deprecated version of the [sqlite3_soft_heap_limit64()]
** interface.  This routine is provided for historical compatibility
** only.  All new applications should use the
** [sqlite3_soft_heap_limit64()] interface rather than this one.
*/
SQLITE_API SQLITE_DEPRECATED void sqlite3_soft_heap_limit(int N);


/*
** CAPI3REF: Extract Metadata About A Column Of A Table
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** ^(The sqlite3_table_column_metadata(X,D,T,C,....) routine returns
................................................................................
** information about column C of table T in database D
** on [database connection] X.)^  ^The sqlite3_table_column_metadata()
** interface returns SQLITE_OK and fills in the non-NULL pointers in
** the final five arguments with appropriate values if the specified
** column exists.  ^The sqlite3_table_column_metadata() interface returns
** SQLITE_ERROR and if the specified column does not exist.
** ^If the column-name parameter to sqlite3_table_column_metadata() is a
** NULL pointer, then this routine simply checks for the existence of the
** table and returns SQLITE_OK if the table exists and SQLITE_ERROR if it
** does not.
**
** ^The column is identified by the second, third and fourth parameters to
** this function. ^(The second parameter is either the name of the database
** (i.e. "main", "temp", or an attached database) containing the specified
** table or NULL.)^ ^If it is NULL, then all attached databases are searched
................................................................................
**     auto increment: 0
** </pre>)^
**
** ^This function causes all database schemas to be read from disk and
** parsed, if that has not already been done, and returns an error if
** any errors are encountered while loading the schema.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_table_column_metadata(
  sqlite3 *db,                /* Connection handle */
  const char *zDbName,        /* Database name or NULL */
  const char *zTableName,     /* Table name */
  const char *zColumnName,    /* Column name */
  char const **pzDataType,    /* OUTPUT: Declared data type */
  char const **pzCollSeq,     /* OUTPUT: Collation sequence name */
  int *pNotNull,              /* OUTPUT: True if NOT NULL constraint exists */
................................................................................
** interface.  The use of the [sqlite3_enable_load_extension()] interface
** should be avoided.  This will keep the SQL function [load_extension()]
** disabled and prevent SQL injections from giving attackers
** access to extension loading capabilities.
**
** See also the [load_extension() SQL function].
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_load_extension(
  sqlite3 *db,          /* Load the extension into this database connection */
  const char *zFile,    /* Name of the shared library containing extension */
  const char *zProc,    /* Entry point.  Derived from zFile if 0 */
  char **pzErrMsg       /* Put error message here if not 0 */
);

/*
................................................................................
** ^Extension loading is off by default.
** ^Call the sqlite3_enable_load_extension() routine with onoff==1
** to turn extension loading on and call it with onoff==0 to turn
** it back off again.
**
** ^This interface enables or disables both the C-API
** [sqlite3_load_extension()] and the SQL function [load_extension()].
** ^(Use [sqlite3_db_config](db,[SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_LOAD_EXTENSION],..)
** to enable or disable only the C-API.)^
**
** <b>Security warning:</b> It is recommended that extension loading
** be disabled using the [SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_LOAD_EXTENSION] method
** rather than this interface, so the [load_extension()] SQL function
** remains disabled. This will prevent SQL injections from giving attackers
** access to extension loading capabilities.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_enable_load_extension(sqlite3 *db, int onoff);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Automatically Load Statically Linked Extensions
**
** ^This interface causes the xEntryPoint() function to be invoked for
** each new [database connection] that is created.  The idea here is that
** xEntryPoint() is the entry point for a statically linked [SQLite extension]
** that is to be automatically loaded into all new database connections.
**
** ^(Even though the function prototype shows that xEntryPoint() takes
** no arguments and returns void, SQLite invokes xEntryPoint() with three
** arguments and expects an integer result as if the signature of the
** entry point where as follows:
**
** <blockquote><pre>
** &nbsp;  int xEntryPoint(
** &nbsp;    sqlite3 *db,
** &nbsp;    const char **pzErrMsg,
** &nbsp;    const struct sqlite3_api_routines *pThunk
................................................................................
** ^Calling sqlite3_auto_extension(X) with an entry point X that is already
** on the list of automatic extensions is a harmless no-op. ^No entry point
** will be called more than once for each database connection that is opened.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_reset_auto_extension()]
** and [sqlite3_cancel_auto_extension()]
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_auto_extension(void(*xEntryPoint)(void));

/*
** CAPI3REF: Cancel Automatic Extension Loading
**
** ^The [sqlite3_cancel_auto_extension(X)] interface unregisters the
** initialization routine X that was registered using a prior call to
** [sqlite3_auto_extension(X)].  ^The [sqlite3_cancel_auto_extension(X)]
** routine returns 1 if initialization routine X was successfully 
** unregistered and it returns 0 if X was not on the list of initialization
** routines.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_cancel_auto_extension(void(*xEntryPoint)(void));

/*
** CAPI3REF: Reset Automatic Extension Loading
**
** ^This interface disables all automatic extensions previously
** registered using [sqlite3_auto_extension()].
*/
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_reset_auto_extension(void);

/*
** The interface to the virtual-table mechanism is currently considered
** to be experimental.  The interface might change in incompatible ways.
** If this is a problem for you, do not use the interface at this time.
**
** When the virtual-table mechanism stabilizes, we will declare the
................................................................................
** any database changes. In other words, if the xUpdate() returns
** SQLITE_CONSTRAINT, the database contents must be exactly as they were
** before xUpdate was called. By contrast, if SQLITE_INDEX_SCAN_UNIQUE is not
** set and xUpdate returns SQLITE_CONSTRAINT, any database changes made by
** the xUpdate method are automatically rolled back by SQLite.
**
** IMPORTANT: The estimatedRows field was added to the sqlite3_index_info
** structure for SQLite [version 3.8.2] ([dateof:3.8.2]). 
** If a virtual table extension is
** used with an SQLite version earlier than 3.8.2, the results of attempting 
** to read or write the estimatedRows field are undefined (but are likely 
** to included crashing the application). The estimatedRows field should
** therefore only be used if [sqlite3_libversion_number()] returns a
** value greater than or equal to 3008002. Similarly, the idxFlags field
** was added for [version 3.9.0] ([dateof:3.9.0]). 
** It may therefore only be used if
** sqlite3_libversion_number() returns a value greater than or equal to
** 3009000.
*/
struct sqlite3_index_info {
  /* Inputs */
  int nConstraint;           /* Number of entries in aConstraint */
  struct sqlite3_index_constraint {
................................................................................
** invoke the destructor function (if it is not NULL) when SQLite
** no longer needs the pClientData pointer.  ^The destructor will also
** be invoked if the call to sqlite3_create_module_v2() fails.
** ^The sqlite3_create_module()
** interface is equivalent to sqlite3_create_module_v2() with a NULL
** destructor.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_create_module(
  sqlite3 *db,               /* SQLite connection to register module with */
  const char *zName,         /* Name of the module */
  const sqlite3_module *p,   /* Methods for the module */
  void *pClientData          /* Client data for xCreate/xConnect */
);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_create_module_v2(
  sqlite3 *db,               /* SQLite connection to register module with */
  const char *zName,         /* Name of the module */
  const sqlite3_module *p,   /* Methods for the module */
  void *pClientData,         /* Client data for xCreate/xConnect */
  void(*xDestroy)(void*)     /* Module destructor function */
);

................................................................................
** CAPI3REF: Declare The Schema Of A Virtual Table
**
** ^The [xCreate] and [xConnect] methods of a
** [virtual table module] call this interface
** to declare the format (the names and datatypes of the columns) of
** the virtual tables they implement.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_declare_vtab(sqlite3*, const char *zSQL);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Overload A Function For A Virtual Table
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** ^(Virtual tables can provide alternative implementations of functions
** using the [xFindFunction] method of the [virtual table module].  
................................................................................
** name and number of parameters exists.  If no such function exists
** before this API is called, a new function is created.)^  ^The implementation
** of the new function always causes an exception to be thrown.  So
** the new function is not good for anything by itself.  Its only
** purpose is to be a placeholder function that can be overloaded
** by a [virtual table].
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_overload_function(sqlite3*, const char *zFuncName, int nArg);

/*
** The interface to the virtual-table mechanism defined above (back up
** to a comment remarkably similar to this one) is currently considered
** to be experimental.  The interface might change in incompatible ways.
** If this is a problem for you, do not use the interface at this time.
**
................................................................................
**         being opened for read/write access)^.
** </ul>
**
** ^Unless it returns SQLITE_MISUSE, this function sets the 
** [database connection] error code and message accessible via 
** [sqlite3_errcode()] and [sqlite3_errmsg()] and related functions. 
**
** A BLOB referenced by sqlite3_blob_open() may be read using the
** [sqlite3_blob_read()] interface and modified by using
** [sqlite3_blob_write()].  The [BLOB handle] can be moved to a
** different row of the same table using the [sqlite3_blob_reopen()]
** interface.  However, the column, table, or database of a [BLOB handle]
** cannot be changed after the [BLOB handle] is opened.
**
** ^(If the row that a BLOB handle points to is modified by an
** [UPDATE], [DELETE], or by [ON CONFLICT] side-effects
** then the BLOB handle is marked as "expired".
** This is true if any column of the row is changed, even a column
** other than the one the BLOB handle is open on.)^
** ^Calls to [sqlite3_blob_read()] and [sqlite3_blob_write()] for
................................................................................
**
** ^The [sqlite3_bind_zeroblob()] and [sqlite3_result_zeroblob()] interfaces
** and the built-in [zeroblob] SQL function may be used to create a 
** zero-filled blob to read or write using the incremental-blob interface.
**
** To avoid a resource leak, every open [BLOB handle] should eventually
** be released by a call to [sqlite3_blob_close()].
**
** See also: [sqlite3_blob_close()],
** [sqlite3_blob_reopen()], [sqlite3_blob_read()],
** [sqlite3_blob_bytes()], [sqlite3_blob_write()].
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_blob_open(
  sqlite3*,
  const char *zDb,
  const char *zTable,
  const char *zColumn,
  sqlite3_int64 iRow,
  int flags,
  sqlite3_blob **ppBlob
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Move a BLOB Handle to a New Row
** METHOD: sqlite3_blob
**
** ^This function is used to move an existing [BLOB handle] so that it points
** to a different row of the same database table. ^The new row is identified
** by the rowid value passed as the second argument. Only the row can be
** changed. ^The database, table and column on which the blob handle is open
** remain the same. Moving an existing [BLOB handle] to a new row is
** faster than closing the existing handle and opening a new one.
**
** ^(The new row must meet the same criteria as for [sqlite3_blob_open()] -
** it must exist and there must be either a blob or text value stored in
** the nominated column.)^ ^If the new row is not present in the table, or if
** it does not contain a blob or text value, or if another error occurs, an
** SQLite error code is returned and the blob handle is considered aborted.
................................................................................
** ^All subsequent calls to [sqlite3_blob_read()], [sqlite3_blob_write()] or
** [sqlite3_blob_reopen()] on an aborted blob handle immediately return
** SQLITE_ABORT. ^Calling [sqlite3_blob_bytes()] on an aborted blob handle
** always returns zero.
**
** ^This function sets the database handle error code and message.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_blob_reopen(sqlite3_blob *, sqlite3_int64);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Close A BLOB Handle
** DESTRUCTOR: sqlite3_blob
**
** ^This function closes an open [BLOB handle]. ^(The BLOB handle is closed
** unconditionally.  Even if this routine returns an error code, the 
................................................................................
** Calling this function with an argument that is not a NULL pointer or an
** open blob handle results in undefined behaviour. ^Calling this routine 
** with a null pointer (such as would be returned by a failed call to 
** [sqlite3_blob_open()]) is a harmless no-op. ^Otherwise, if this function
** is passed a valid open blob handle, the values returned by the 
** sqlite3_errcode() and sqlite3_errmsg() functions are set before returning.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_blob_close(sqlite3_blob *);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Return The Size Of An Open BLOB
** METHOD: sqlite3_blob
**
** ^Returns the size in bytes of the BLOB accessible via the 
** successfully opened [BLOB handle] in its only argument.  ^The
................................................................................
** blob content; they cannot change the size of a blob.
**
** This routine only works on a [BLOB handle] which has been created
** by a prior successful call to [sqlite3_blob_open()] and which has not
** been closed by [sqlite3_blob_close()].  Passing any other pointer in
** to this routine results in undefined and probably undesirable behavior.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_blob_bytes(sqlite3_blob *);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Read Data From A BLOB Incrementally
** METHOD: sqlite3_blob
**
** ^(This function is used to read data from an open [BLOB handle] into a
** caller-supplied buffer. N bytes of data are copied into buffer Z
................................................................................
** This routine only works on a [BLOB handle] which has been created
** by a prior successful call to [sqlite3_blob_open()] and which has not
** been closed by [sqlite3_blob_close()].  Passing any other pointer in
** to this routine results in undefined and probably undesirable behavior.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_blob_write()].
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_blob_read(sqlite3_blob *, void *Z, int N, int iOffset);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Write Data Into A BLOB Incrementally
** METHOD: sqlite3_blob
**
** ^(This function is used to write data into an open [BLOB handle] from a
** caller-supplied buffer. N bytes of data are copied from the buffer Z
................................................................................
** This routine only works on a [BLOB handle] which has been created
** by a prior successful call to [sqlite3_blob_open()] and which has not
** been closed by [sqlite3_blob_close()].  Passing any other pointer in
** to this routine results in undefined and probably undesirable behavior.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_blob_read()].
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_blob_write(sqlite3_blob *, const void *z, int n, int iOffset);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Virtual File System Objects
**
** A virtual filesystem (VFS) is an [sqlite3_vfs] object
** that SQLite uses to interact
** with the underlying operating system.  Most SQLite builds come with a
................................................................................
** VFS is registered with a name that is NULL or an empty string,
** then the behavior is undefined.
**
** ^Unregister a VFS with the sqlite3_vfs_unregister() interface.
** ^(If the default VFS is unregistered, another VFS is chosen as
** the default.  The choice for the new VFS is arbitrary.)^
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3_vfs *sqlite3_vfs_find(const char *zVfsName);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_vfs_register(sqlite3_vfs*, int makeDflt);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_vfs_unregister(sqlite3_vfs*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Mutexes
**
** The SQLite core uses these routines for thread
** synchronization. Though they are intended for internal
** use by SQLite, code that links against SQLite is
................................................................................
**
** ^If the argument to sqlite3_mutex_enter(), sqlite3_mutex_try(), or
** sqlite3_mutex_leave() is a NULL pointer, then all three routines
** behave as no-ops.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_mutex_held()] and [sqlite3_mutex_notheld()].
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3_mutex *sqlite3_mutex_alloc(int);
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_mutex_free(sqlite3_mutex*);
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_mutex_enter(sqlite3_mutex*);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_mutex_try(sqlite3_mutex*);
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_mutex_leave(sqlite3_mutex*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Mutex Methods Object
**
** An instance of this structure defines the low-level routines
** used to allocate and use mutexes.
**
................................................................................
** the reason the mutex does not exist is because the build is not
** using mutexes.  And we do not want the assert() containing the
** call to sqlite3_mutex_held() to fail, so a non-zero return is
** the appropriate thing to do.  The sqlite3_mutex_notheld()
** interface should also return 1 when given a NULL pointer.
*/
#ifndef NDEBUG
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_mutex_held(sqlite3_mutex*);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_mutex_notheld(sqlite3_mutex*);
#endif

/*
** CAPI3REF: Mutex Types
**
** The [sqlite3_mutex_alloc()] interface takes a single argument
** which is one of these integer constants.
................................................................................
*/
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST             0
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE        1
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER    2
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM       3  /* sqlite3_malloc() */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM2      4  /* NOT USED */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_OPEN      4  /* sqlite3BtreeOpen() */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PRNG      5  /* sqlite3_randomness() */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_LRU       6  /* lru page list */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_LRU2      7  /* NOT USED */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PMEM      7  /* sqlite3PageMalloc() */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP1      8  /* For use by application */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP2      9  /* For use by application */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP3     10  /* For use by application */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_VFS1     11  /* For use by built-in VFS */
................................................................................
**
** ^This interface returns a pointer the [sqlite3_mutex] object that 
** serializes access to the [database connection] given in the argument
** when the [threading mode] is Serialized.
** ^If the [threading mode] is Single-thread or Multi-thread then this
** routine returns a NULL pointer.
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3_mutex *sqlite3_db_mutex(sqlite3*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Low-Level Control Of Database Files
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** ^The [sqlite3_file_control()] interface makes a direct call to the
** xFileControl method for the [sqlite3_io_methods] object associated
................................................................................
** or [sqlite3_errmsg()].  The underlying xFileControl method might
** also return SQLITE_ERROR.  There is no way to distinguish between
** an incorrect zDbName and an SQLITE_ERROR return from the underlying
** xFileControl method.
**
** See also: [SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE]
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_file_control(sqlite3*, const char *zDbName, int op, void*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Testing Interface
**
** ^The sqlite3_test_control() interface is used to read out internal
** state of SQLite and to inject faults into SQLite for testing
** purposes.  ^The first parameter is an operation code that determines
................................................................................
** on how the SQLite library is compiled, this interface might not exist.
**
** The details of the operation codes, their meanings, the parameters
** they take, and what they do are all subject to change without notice.
** Unlike most of the SQLite API, this function is not guaranteed to
** operate consistently from one release to the next.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_test_control(int op, ...);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Testing Interface Operation Codes
**
** These constants are the valid operation code parameters used
** as the first argument to [sqlite3_test_control()].
**
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ALWAYS                  13
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_RESERVE                 14
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_OPTIMIZATIONS           15
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ISKEYWORD               16
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_SCRATCHMALLOC           17
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_LOCALTIME_FAULT         18
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_EXPLAIN_STMT            19  /* NOT USED */
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ONCE_RESET_THRESHOLD    19
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_NEVER_CORRUPT           20
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_VDBE_COVERAGE           21
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_BYTEORDER               22
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ISINIT                  23
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_SORTER_MMAP             24
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_IMPOSTER                25
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_LAST                    25
................................................................................
**
** If either the current value or the highwater mark is too large to
** be represented by a 32-bit integer, then the values returned by
** sqlite3_status() are undefined.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_db_status()]
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_status(int op, int *pCurrent, int *pHighwater, int resetFlag);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_status64(
  int op,
  sqlite3_int64 *pCurrent,
  sqlite3_int64 *pHighwater,
  int resetFlag
);


................................................................................
** reset back down to the current value.
**
** ^The sqlite3_db_status() routine returns SQLITE_OK on success and a
** non-zero [error code] on failure.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_status()] and [sqlite3_stmt_status()].
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_db_status(sqlite3*, int op, int *pCur, int *pHiwtr, int resetFlg);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Status Parameters for database connections
** KEYWORDS: {SQLITE_DBSTATUS options}
**
** These constants are the available integer "verbs" that can be passed as
** the second argument to the [sqlite3_db_status()] interface.
................................................................................
** the current value is always zero.)^
**
** [[SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_USED]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_USED</dt>
** <dd>This parameter returns the approximate number of bytes of heap
** memory used by all pager caches associated with the database connection.)^
** ^The highwater mark associated with SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_USED is always 0.
**
** [[SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_USED_SHARED]] 
** ^(<dt>SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_USED_SHARED</dt>
** <dd>This parameter is similar to DBSTATUS_CACHE_USED, except that if a
** pager cache is shared between two or more connections the bytes of heap
** memory used by that pager cache is divided evenly between the attached
** connections.)^  In other words, if none of the pager caches associated
** with the database connection are shared, this request returns the same
** value as DBSTATUS_CACHE_USED. Or, if one or more or the pager caches are
** shared, the value returned by this call will be smaller than that returned
** by DBSTATUS_CACHE_USED. ^The highwater mark associated with
** SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_USED_SHARED is always 0.
**
** [[SQLITE_DBSTATUS_SCHEMA_USED]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_DBSTATUS_SCHEMA_USED</dt>
** <dd>This parameter returns the approximate number of bytes of heap
** memory used to store the schema for all databases associated
** with the connection - main, temp, and any [ATTACH]-ed databases.)^ 
** ^The full amount of memory used by the schemas is reported, even if the
** schema memory is shared with other database connections due to
** [shared cache mode] being enabled.
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_HIT        4
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_MISS_SIZE  5
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_MISS_FULL  6
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_HIT            7
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_MISS           8
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_WRITE          9
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_DEFERRED_FKS        10
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_USED_SHARED   11
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_MAX                 11   /* Largest defined DBSTATUS */


/*
** CAPI3REF: Prepared Statement Status
** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
**
** ^(Each prepared statement maintains various
................................................................................
** to be interrogated.)^
** ^The current value of the requested counter is returned.
** ^If the resetFlg is true, then the counter is reset to zero after this
** interface call returns.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_status()] and [sqlite3_db_status()].
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_stmt_status(sqlite3_stmt*, int op,int resetFlg);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Status Parameters for prepared statements
** KEYWORDS: {SQLITE_STMTSTATUS counter} {SQLITE_STMTSTATUS counters}
**
** These preprocessor macros define integer codes that name counter
** values associated with the [sqlite3_stmt_status()] interface.
................................................................................
** The [sqlite3_backup] object itself is partially threadsafe. Multiple 
** threads may safely make multiple concurrent calls to sqlite3_backup_step().
** However, the sqlite3_backup_remaining() and sqlite3_backup_pagecount()
** APIs are not strictly speaking threadsafe. If they are invoked at the
** same time as another thread is invoking sqlite3_backup_step() it is
** possible that they return invalid values.
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3_backup *sqlite3_backup_init(
  sqlite3 *pDest,                        /* Destination database handle */
  const char *zDestName,                 /* Destination database name */
  sqlite3 *pSource,                      /* Source database handle */
  const char *zSourceName                /* Source database name */
);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_backup_step(sqlite3_backup *p, int nPage);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_backup_finish(sqlite3_backup *p);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_backup_remaining(sqlite3_backup *p);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_backup_pagecount(sqlite3_backup *p);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Unlock Notification
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** ^When running in shared-cache mode, a database operation may fail with
** an [SQLITE_LOCKED] error if the required locks on the shared-cache or
................................................................................
**
** One way around this problem is to check the extended error code returned
** by an sqlite3_step() call. ^(If there is a blocking connection, then the
** extended error code is set to SQLITE_LOCKED_SHAREDCACHE. Otherwise, in
** the special "DROP TABLE/INDEX" case, the extended error code is just 
** SQLITE_LOCKED.)^
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_unlock_notify(
  sqlite3 *pBlocked,                          /* Waiting connection */
  void (*xNotify)(void **apArg, int nArg),    /* Callback function to invoke */
  void *pNotifyArg                            /* Argument to pass to xNotify */
);


/*
................................................................................
** CAPI3REF: String Comparison
**
** ^The [sqlite3_stricmp()] and [sqlite3_strnicmp()] APIs allow applications
** and extensions to compare the contents of two buffers containing UTF-8
** strings in a case-independent fashion, using the same definition of "case
** independence" that SQLite uses internally when comparing identifiers.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_stricmp(const char *, const char *);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_strnicmp(const char *, const char *, int);

/*
** CAPI3REF: String Globbing
*
** ^The [sqlite3_strglob(P,X)] interface returns zero if and only if
** string X matches the [GLOB] pattern P.
** ^The definition of [GLOB] pattern matching used in
................................................................................
** is case sensitive.
**
** Note that this routine returns zero on a match and non-zero if the strings
** do not match, the same as [sqlite3_stricmp()] and [sqlite3_strnicmp()].
**
** See also: [sqlite3_strlike()].
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_strglob(const char *zGlob, const char *zStr);

/*
** CAPI3REF: String LIKE Matching
*
** ^The [sqlite3_strlike(P,X,E)] interface returns zero if and only if
** string X matches the [LIKE] pattern P with escape character E.
** ^The definition of [LIKE] pattern matching used in
................................................................................
** only ASCII characters are case folded.
**
** Note that this routine returns zero on a match and non-zero if the strings
** do not match, the same as [sqlite3_stricmp()] and [sqlite3_strnicmp()].
**
** See also: [sqlite3_strglob()].
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_strlike(const char *zGlob, const char *zStr, unsigned int cEsc);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Error Logging Interface
**
** ^The [sqlite3_log()] interface writes a message into the [error log]
** established by the [SQLITE_CONFIG_LOG] option to [sqlite3_config()].
** ^If logging is enabled, the zFormat string and subsequent arguments are
................................................................................
**
** To avoid deadlocks and other threading problems, the sqlite3_log() routine
** will not use dynamically allocated memory.  The log message is stored in
** a fixed-length buffer on the stack.  If the log message is longer than
** a few hundred characters, it will be truncated to the length of the
** buffer.
*/
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_log(int iErrCode, const char *zFormat, ...);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Write-Ahead Log Commit Hook
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** ^The [sqlite3_wal_hook()] function is used to register a callback that
** is invoked each time data is committed to a database in wal mode.
................................................................................
** A single database handle may have at most a single write-ahead log callback 
** registered at one time. ^Calling [sqlite3_wal_hook()] replaces any
** previously registered write-ahead log callback. ^Note that the
** [sqlite3_wal_autocheckpoint()] interface and the
** [wal_autocheckpoint pragma] both invoke [sqlite3_wal_hook()] and will
** overwrite any prior [sqlite3_wal_hook()] settings.
*/
SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_wal_hook(
  sqlite3*, 
  int(*)(void *,sqlite3*,const char*,int),
  void*
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Configure an auto-checkpoint
................................................................................
**
** ^Every new [database connection] defaults to having the auto-checkpoint
** enabled with a threshold of 1000 or [SQLITE_DEFAULT_WAL_AUTOCHECKPOINT]
** pages.  The use of this interface
** is only necessary if the default setting is found to be suboptimal
** for a particular application.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_wal_autocheckpoint(sqlite3 *db, int N);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Checkpoint a database
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** ^(The sqlite3_wal_checkpoint(D,X) is equivalent to
** [sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2](D,X,[SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE],0,0).)^
................................................................................
** This interface used to be the only way to cause a checkpoint to
** occur.  But then the newer and more powerful [sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2()]
** interface was added.  This interface is retained for backwards
** compatibility and as a convenience for applications that need to manually
** start a callback but which do not need the full power (and corresponding
** complication) of [sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2()].
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_wal_checkpoint(sqlite3 *db, const char *zDb);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Checkpoint a database
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** ^(The sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2(D,X,M,L,C) interface runs a checkpoint
** operation on database X of [database connection] D in mode M.  Status
................................................................................
** the sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2() interface
** sets the error information that is queried by
** [sqlite3_errcode()] and [sqlite3_errmsg()].
**
** ^The [PRAGMA wal_checkpoint] command can be used to invoke this interface
** from SQL.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2(
  sqlite3 *db,                    /* Database handle */
  const char *zDb,                /* Name of attached database (or NULL) */
  int eMode,                      /* SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_* value */
  int *pnLog,                     /* OUT: Size of WAL log in frames */
  int *pnCkpt                     /* OUT: Total number of frames checkpointed */
);

................................................................................
** If this interface is invoked outside the context of an xConnect or
** xCreate virtual table method then the behavior is undefined.
**
** At present, there is only one option that may be configured using
** this function. (See [SQLITE_VTAB_CONSTRAINT_SUPPORT].)  Further options
** may be added in the future.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_vtab_config(sqlite3*, int op, ...);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Virtual Table Configuration Options
**
** These macros define the various options to the
** [sqlite3_vtab_config()] interface that [virtual table] implementations
** can use to customize and optimize their behavior.
................................................................................
** This function may only be called from within a call to the [xUpdate] method
** of a [virtual table] implementation for an INSERT or UPDATE operation. ^The
** value returned is one of [SQLITE_ROLLBACK], [SQLITE_IGNORE], [SQLITE_FAIL],
** [SQLITE_ABORT], or [SQLITE_REPLACE], according to the [ON CONFLICT] mode
** of the SQL statement that triggered the call to the [xUpdate] method of the
** [virtual table].
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_vtab_on_conflict(sqlite3 *);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Conflict resolution modes
** KEYWORDS: {conflict resolution mode}
**
** These constants are returned by [sqlite3_vtab_on_conflict()] to
** inform a [virtual table] implementation what the [ON CONFLICT] mode
................................................................................
** ^Statistics might not be available for all loops in all statements. ^In cases
** where there exist loops with no available statistics, this function behaves
** as if the loop did not exist - it returns non-zero and leave the variable
** that pOut points to unchanged.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_stmt_scanstatus_reset()]
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_stmt_scanstatus(
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt,      /* Prepared statement for which info desired */
  int idx,                  /* Index of loop to report on */
  int iScanStatusOp,        /* Information desired.  SQLITE_SCANSTAT_* */
  void *pOut                /* Result written here */
);     

/*
................................................................................
** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
**
** ^Zero all [sqlite3_stmt_scanstatus()] related event counters.
**
** This API is only available if the library is built with pre-processor
** symbol [SQLITE_ENABLE_STMT_SCANSTATUS] defined.
*/
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_stmt_scanstatus_reset(sqlite3_stmt*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Flush caches to disk mid-transaction
**
** ^If a write-transaction is open on [database connection] D when the
** [sqlite3_db_cacheflush(D)] interface invoked, any dirty
** pages in the pager-cache that are not currently in use are written out 
................................................................................
** abandoned and an SQLite [error code] is returned to the caller immediately.
**
** ^Otherwise, if no error occurs, [sqlite3_db_cacheflush()] returns SQLITE_OK.
**
** ^This function does not set the database handle error code or message
** returned by the [sqlite3_errcode()] and [sqlite3_errmsg()] functions.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_db_cacheflush(sqlite3*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: The pre-update hook.
**
** ^These interfaces are only available if SQLite is compiled using the
** [SQLITE_ENABLE_PREUPDATE_HOOK] compile-time option.
**
** ^The [sqlite3_preupdate_hook()] interface registers a callback function
** that is invoked prior to each [INSERT], [UPDATE], and [DELETE] operation
** on a database table.
** ^At most one preupdate hook may be registered at a time on a single
** [database connection]; each call to [sqlite3_preupdate_hook()] overrides
** the previous setting.
** ^The preupdate hook is disabled by invoking [sqlite3_preupdate_hook()]
** with a NULL pointer as the second parameter.
** ^The third parameter to [sqlite3_preupdate_hook()] is passed through as
** the first parameter to callbacks.
**
** ^The preupdate hook only fires for changes to real database tables; the
** preupdate hook is not invoked for changes to [virtual tables] or to
** system tables like sqlite_master or sqlite_stat1.
**
** ^The second parameter to the preupdate callback is a pointer to
** the [database connection] that registered the preupdate hook.
** ^The third parameter to the preupdate callback is one of the constants
** [SQLITE_INSERT], [SQLITE_DELETE], or [SQLITE_UPDATE] to identify the
** kind of update operation that is about to occur.
** ^(The fourth parameter to the preupdate callback is the name of the
** database within the database connection that is being modified.  This
** will be "main" for the main database or "temp" for TEMP tables or 
** the name given after the AS keyword in the [ATTACH] statement for attached
** databases.)^
** ^The fifth parameter to the preupdate callback is the name of the
** table that is being modified.
**
** For an UPDATE or DELETE operation on a [rowid table], the sixth
** parameter passed to the preupdate callback is the initial [rowid] of the 


** row being modified or deleted. For an INSERT operation on a rowid table,
** or any operation on a WITHOUT ROWID table, the value of the sixth 
** parameter is undefined. For an INSERT or UPDATE on a rowid table the
** seventh parameter is the final rowid value of the row being inserted
** or updated. The value of the seventh parameter passed to the callback
** function is not defined for operations on WITHOUT ROWID tables, or for
** INSERT operations on rowid tables.
**
** The [sqlite3_preupdate_old()], [sqlite3_preupdate_new()],
** [sqlite3_preupdate_count()], and [sqlite3_preupdate_depth()] interfaces
** provide additional information about a preupdate event. These routines
** may only be called from within a preupdate callback.  Invoking any of
** these routines from outside of a preupdate callback or with a
** [database connection] pointer that is different from the one supplied
................................................................................
** callback was invoked as a result of a direct insert, update, or delete
** operation; or 1 for inserts, updates, or deletes invoked by top-level 
** triggers; or 2 for changes resulting from triggers called by top-level
** triggers; and so forth.
**
** See also:  [sqlite3_update_hook()]
*/
#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_PREUPDATE_HOOK)
SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_preupdate_hook(
  sqlite3 *db,
  void(*xPreUpdate)(
    void *pCtx,                   /* Copy of third arg to preupdate_hook() */
    sqlite3 *db,                  /* Database handle */
    int op,                       /* SQLITE_UPDATE, DELETE or INSERT */
    char const *zDb,              /* Database name */
    char const *zName,            /* Table name */
    sqlite3_int64 iKey1,          /* Rowid of row about to be deleted/updated */
    sqlite3_int64 iKey2           /* New rowid value (for a rowid UPDATE) */
  ),
  void*
);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_preupdate_old(sqlite3 *, int, sqlite3_value **);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_preupdate_count(sqlite3 *);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_preupdate_depth(sqlite3 *);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_preupdate_new(sqlite3 *, int, sqlite3_value **);
#endif

/*
** CAPI3REF: Low-level system error code
**
** ^Attempt to return the underlying operating system error code or error
** number that caused the most recent I/O error or failure to open a file.
** The return value is OS-dependent.  For example, on unix systems, after
** [sqlite3_open_v2()] returns [SQLITE_CANTOPEN], this interface could be
** called to get back the underlying "errno" that caused the problem, such
** as ENOSPC, EAUTH, EISDIR, and so forth.  
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_system_errno(sqlite3*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Database Snapshot
** KEYWORDS: {snapshot} {sqlite3_snapshot}
** EXPERIMENTAL
**
** An instance of the snapshot object records the state of a [WAL mode]
** database for some specific point in history.
**
** In [WAL mode], multiple [database connections] that are open on the
** same database file can each be reading a different historical version
................................................................................
** the most recent version.
**
** The constructor for this object is [sqlite3_snapshot_get()].  The
** [sqlite3_snapshot_open()] method causes a fresh read transaction to refer
** to an historical snapshot (if possible).  The destructor for 
** sqlite3_snapshot objects is [sqlite3_snapshot_free()].
*/
typedef struct sqlite3_snapshot {
  unsigned char hidden[48];
} sqlite3_snapshot;

/*
** CAPI3REF: Record A Database Snapshot
** EXPERIMENTAL
**
** ^The [sqlite3_snapshot_get(D,S,P)] interface attempts to make a
** new [sqlite3_snapshot] object that records the current state of
** schema S in database connection D.  ^On success, the
** [sqlite3_snapshot_get(D,S,P)] interface writes a pointer to the newly
** created [sqlite3_snapshot] object into *P and returns SQLITE_OK.
** If there is not already a read-transaction open on schema S when
** this function is called, one is opened automatically. 
**
** The following must be true for this function to succeed. If any of
** the following statements are false when sqlite3_snapshot_get() is
** called, SQLITE_ERROR is returned. The final value of *P is undefined
** in this case. 
**
** <ul>
**   <li> The database handle must be in [autocommit mode].
**
**   <li> Schema S of [database connection] D must be a [WAL mode] database.


**
**   <li> There must not be a write transaction open on schema S of database
**        connection D.
**
**   <li> One or more transactions must have been written to the current wal
**        file since it was created on disk (by any connection). This means
**        that a snapshot cannot be taken on a wal mode database with no wal 
**        file immediately after it is first opened. At least one transaction
**        must be written to it first.
** </ul>
**
** This function may also return SQLITE_NOMEM.  If it is called with the
** database handle in autocommit mode but fails for some other reason, 
** whether or not a read transaction is opened on schema S is undefined.
**
** The [sqlite3_snapshot] object returned from a successful call to
** [sqlite3_snapshot_get()] must be freed using [sqlite3_snapshot_free()]
** to avoid a memory leak.
**
** The [sqlite3_snapshot_get()] interface is only available when the
** SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT compile-time option is used.
*/
SQLITE_API SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL int sqlite3_snapshot_get(
  sqlite3 *db,
  const char *zSchema,
  sqlite3_snapshot **ppSnapshot
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Start a read transaction on an historical snapshot
................................................................................
** after the most recent I/O on the database connection.)^
** (Hint: Run "[PRAGMA application_id]" against a newly opened
** database connection in order to make it ready to use snapshots.)
**
** The [sqlite3_snapshot_open()] interface is only available when the
** SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT compile-time option is used.
*/
SQLITE_API SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL int sqlite3_snapshot_open(
  sqlite3 *db,
  const char *zSchema,
  sqlite3_snapshot *pSnapshot
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Destroy a snapshot
................................................................................
** ^The [sqlite3_snapshot_free(P)] interface destroys [sqlite3_snapshot] P.
** The application must eventually free every [sqlite3_snapshot] object
** using this routine to avoid a memory leak.
**
** The [sqlite3_snapshot_free()] interface is only available when the
** SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT compile-time option is used.
*/
SQLITE_API SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL void sqlite3_snapshot_free(sqlite3_snapshot*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Compare the ages of two snapshot handles.
** EXPERIMENTAL
**
** The sqlite3_snapshot_cmp(P1, P2) interface is used to compare the ages
** of two valid snapshot handles. 
................................................................................
** wal file was last deleted, the value returned by this function 
** is undefined.
**
** Otherwise, this API returns a negative value if P1 refers to an older
** snapshot than P2, zero if the two handles refer to the same database
** snapshot, and a positive value if P1 is a newer snapshot than P2.
*/
SQLITE_API SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL int sqlite3_snapshot_cmp(
  sqlite3_snapshot *p1,
  sqlite3_snapshot *p2
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Recover snapshots from a wal file
** EXPERIMENTAL
**
** If all connections disconnect from a database file but do not perform
** a checkpoint, the existing wal file is opened along with the database
** file the next time the database is opened. At this point it is only
** possible to successfully call sqlite3_snapshot_open() to open the most
** recent snapshot of the database (the one at the head of the wal file),
** even though the wal file may contain other valid snapshots for which
** clients have sqlite3_snapshot handles.
**
** This function attempts to scan the wal file associated with database zDb
** of database handle db and make all valid snapshots available to
** sqlite3_snapshot_open(). It is an error if there is already a read
** transaction open on the database, or if the database is not a wal mode
** database.
**
** SQLITE_OK is returned if successful, or an SQLite error code otherwise.
*/
SQLITE_API SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL int sqlite3_snapshot_recover(sqlite3 *db, const char *zDb);

/*
** Undo the hack that converts floating point types to integer for
** builds on processors without floating point support.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
# undef double
#endif

#ifdef __cplusplus
}  /* End of the 'extern "C"' block */
#endif
#endif /* SQLITE3_H */

/******** Begin file sqlite3rtree.h *********/
/*
** 2010 August 30
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
................................................................................

/*
** Register a geometry callback named zGeom that can be used as part of an
** R-Tree geometry query as follows:
**
**   SELECT ... FROM <rtree> WHERE <rtree col> MATCH $zGeom(... params ...)
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_rtree_geometry_callback(
  sqlite3 *db,
  const char *zGeom,
  int (*xGeom)(sqlite3_rtree_geometry*, int, sqlite3_rtree_dbl*,int*),
  void *pContext
);


................................................................................

/*
** Register a 2nd-generation geometry callback named zScore that can be 
** used as part of an R-Tree geometry query as follows:
**
**   SELECT ... FROM <rtree> WHERE <rtree col> MATCH $zQueryFunc(... params ...)
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_rtree_query_callback(
  sqlite3 *db,
  const char *zQueryFunc,
  int (*xQueryFunc)(sqlite3_rtree_query_info*),
  void *pContext,
  void (*xDestructor)(void*)
);

................................................................................
** either of these things are undefined.
**
** The session object will be used to create changesets for tables in
** database zDb, where zDb is either "main", or "temp", or the name of an
** attached database. It is not an error if database zDb is not attached
** to the database when the session object is created.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3session_create(
  sqlite3 *db,                    /* Database handle */
  const char *zDb,                /* Name of db (e.g. "main") */
  sqlite3_session **ppSession     /* OUT: New session object */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Delete A Session Object
................................................................................
** results of attempting to use pSession with any other session module
** function are undefined.
**
** Session objects must be deleted before the database handle to which they
** are attached is closed. Refer to the documentation for 
** [sqlite3session_create()] for details.
*/
SQLITE_API void sqlite3session_delete(sqlite3_session *pSession);


/*
** CAPI3REF: Enable Or Disable A Session Object
**
** Enable or disable the recording of changes by a session object. When
** enabled, a session object records changes made to the database. When
................................................................................
** Passing zero to this function disables the session. Passing a value
** greater than zero enables it. Passing a value less than zero is a 
** no-op, and may be used to query the current state of the session.
**
** The return value indicates the final state of the session object: 0 if 
** the session is disabled, or 1 if it is enabled.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3session_enable(sqlite3_session *pSession, int bEnable);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Set Or Clear the Indirect Change Flag
**
** Each change recorded by a session object is marked as either direct or
** indirect. A change is marked as indirect if either:
**
................................................................................
** is set. Passing a value less than zero does not modify the current value
** of the indirect flag, and may be used to query the current state of the 
** indirect flag for the specified session object.
**
** The return value indicates the final state of the indirect flag: 0 if 
** it is clear, or 1 if it is set.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3session_indirect(sqlite3_session *pSession, int bIndirect);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Attach A Table To A Session Object
**
** If argument zTab is not NULL, then it is the name of a table to attach
** to the session object passed as the first argument. All subsequent changes 
** made to the table while the session object is enabled will be recorded. See 
................................................................................
**
** Changes are not recorded for individual rows that have NULL values stored
** in one or more of their PRIMARY KEY columns.
**
** SQLITE_OK is returned if the call completes without error. Or, if an error 
** occurs, an SQLite error code (e.g. SQLITE_NOMEM) is returned.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3session_attach(
  sqlite3_session *pSession,      /* Session object */
  const char *zTab                /* Table name */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Set a table filter on a Session Object.
**
** The second argument (xFilter) is the "filter callback". For changes to rows 
** in tables that are not attached to the Session object, the filter is called
** to determine whether changes to the table's rows should be tracked or not. 
** If xFilter returns 0, changes is not tracked. Note that once a table is 
** attached, xFilter will not be called again.
*/
SQLITE_API void sqlite3session_table_filter(
  sqlite3_session *pSession,      /* Session object */
  int(*xFilter)(
    void *pCtx,                   /* Copy of third arg to _filter_table() */
    const char *zTab              /* Table name */
  ),
  void *pCtx                      /* First argument passed to xFilter */
);
................................................................................
** is inserted while a session object is enabled, then later deleted while 
** the same session object is disabled, no INSERT record will appear in the
** changeset, even though the delete took place while the session was disabled.
** Or, if one field of a row is updated while a session is disabled, and 
** another field of the same row is updated while the session is enabled, the
** resulting changeset will contain an UPDATE change that updates both fields.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3session_changeset(
  sqlite3_session *pSession,      /* Session object */
  int *pnChangeset,               /* OUT: Size of buffer at *ppChangeset */
  void **ppChangeset              /* OUT: Buffer containing changeset */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Load The Difference Between Tables Into A Session 
................................................................................
**   <li> For each row (primary key) that exists in the to-table but not in 
**     the from-table, an INSERT record is added to the session object.
**
**   <li> For each row (primary key) that exists in the to-table but not in 
**     the from-table, a DELETE record is added to the session object.
**
**   <li> For each row (primary key) that exists in both tables, but features 
**     different non-PK values in each, an UPDATE record is added to the
**     session.  
** </ul>
**
** To clarify, if this function is called and then a changeset constructed
** using [sqlite3session_changeset()], then after applying that changeset to 
** database zFrom the contents of the two compatible tables would be 
** identical.
**
................................................................................
**
** If the operation successful, SQLITE_OK is returned. Otherwise, an SQLite
** error code. In this case, if argument pzErrMsg is not NULL, *pzErrMsg
** may be set to point to a buffer containing an English language error 
** message. It is the responsibility of the caller to free this buffer using
** sqlite3_free().
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3session_diff(
  sqlite3_session *pSession,
  const char *zFromDb,
  const char *zTbl,
  char **pzErrMsg
);


................................................................................
** in the same way as for changesets.
**
** Changes within a patchset are ordered in the same way as for changesets
** generated by the sqlite3session_changeset() function (i.e. all changes for
** a single table are grouped together, tables appear in the order in which
** they were attached to the session object).
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3session_patchset(
  sqlite3_session *pSession,      /* Session object */
  int *pnPatchset,                /* OUT: Size of buffer at *ppChangeset */
  void **ppPatchset               /* OUT: Buffer containing changeset */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Test if a changeset has recorded any changes.
................................................................................
** [sqlite3session_changeset()] on the session handle may still return a
** changeset that contains no changes. This can happen when a row in 
** an attached table is modified and then later on the original values 
** are restored. However, if this function returns non-zero, then it is
** guaranteed that a call to sqlite3session_changeset() will return a 
** changeset containing zero changes.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3session_isempty(sqlite3_session *pSession);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Create An Iterator To Traverse A Changeset 
**
** Create an iterator used to iterate through the contents of a changeset.
** If successful, *pp is set to point to the iterator handle and SQLITE_OK
** is returned. Otherwise, if an error occurs, *pp is set to zero and an
................................................................................
** destroyed.
**
** Assuming the changeset blob was created by one of the
** [sqlite3session_changeset()], [sqlite3changeset_concat()] or
** [sqlite3changeset_invert()] functions, all changes within the changeset 
** that apply to a single table are grouped together. This means that when 
** an application iterates through a changeset using an iterator created by 
** this function, all changes that relate to a single table are visited 
** consecutively. There is no chance that the iterator will visit a change 
** the applies to table X, then one for table Y, and then later on visit 
** another change for table X.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3changeset_start(
  sqlite3_changeset_iter **pp,    /* OUT: New changeset iterator handle */
  int nChangeset,                 /* Size of changeset blob in bytes */
  void *pChangeset                /* Pointer to blob containing changeset */
);


/*
................................................................................
** Otherwise, if all changes in the changeset have already been visited,
** SQLITE_DONE is returned.
**
** If an error occurs, an SQLite error code is returned. Possible error 
** codes include SQLITE_CORRUPT (if the changeset buffer is corrupt) or 
** SQLITE_NOMEM.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3changeset_next(sqlite3_changeset_iter *pIter);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Obtain The Current Operation From A Changeset Iterator
**
** The pIter argument passed to this function may either be an iterator
** passed to a conflict-handler by [sqlite3changeset_apply()], or an iterator
** created by [sqlite3changeset_start()]. In the latter case, the most recent
................................................................................
** [SQLITE_INSERT], [SQLITE_DELETE] or [SQLITE_UPDATE], depending on the 
** type of change that the iterator currently points to.
**
** If no error occurs, SQLITE_OK is returned. If an error does occur, an
** SQLite error code is returned. The values of the output variables may not
** be trusted in this case.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3changeset_op(
  sqlite3_changeset_iter *pIter,  /* Iterator object */
  const char **pzTab,             /* OUT: Pointer to table name */
  int *pnCol,                     /* OUT: Number of columns in table */
  int *pOp,                       /* OUT: SQLITE_INSERT, DELETE or UPDATE */
  int *pbIndirect                 /* OUT: True for an 'indirect' change */
);

................................................................................
** This function is used to find which columns comprise the PRIMARY KEY of
** the table modified by the change that iterator pIter currently points to.
** If successful, *pabPK is set to point to an array of nCol entries, where
** nCol is the number of columns in the table. Elements of *pabPK are set to
** 0x01 if the corresponding column is part of the tables primary key, or
** 0x00 if it is not.
**
** If argument pnCol is not NULL, then *pnCol is set to the number of columns
** in the table.
**
** If this function is called when the iterator does not point to a valid
** entry, SQLITE_MISUSE is returned and the output variables zeroed. Otherwise,
** SQLITE_OK is returned and the output variables populated as described
** above.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3changeset_pk(
  sqlite3_changeset_iter *pIter,  /* Iterator object */
  unsigned char **pabPK,          /* OUT: Array of boolean - true for PK cols */
  int *pnCol                      /* OUT: Number of entries in output array */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Obtain old.* Values From A Changeset Iterator
................................................................................
** original row values stored as part of the UPDATE or DELETE change and
** returns SQLITE_OK. The name of the function comes from the fact that this 
** is similar to the "old.*" columns available to update or delete triggers.
**
** If some other error occurs (e.g. an OOM condition), an SQLite error code
** is returned and *ppValue is set to NULL.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3changeset_old(
  sqlite3_changeset_iter *pIter,  /* Changeset iterator */
  int iVal,                       /* Column number */
  sqlite3_value **ppValue         /* OUT: Old value (or NULL pointer) */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Obtain new.* Values From A Changeset Iterator
................................................................................
** SQLITE_OK returned. The name of the function comes from the fact that 
** this is similar to the "new.*" columns available to update or delete 
** triggers.
**
** If some other error occurs (e.g. an OOM condition), an SQLite error code
** is returned and *ppValue is set to NULL.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3changeset_new(
  sqlite3_changeset_iter *pIter,  /* Changeset iterator */
  int iVal,                       /* Column number */
  sqlite3_value **ppValue         /* OUT: New value (or NULL pointer) */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Obtain Conflicting Row Values From A Changeset Iterator
................................................................................
** sqlite3_value object containing the iVal'th value from the 
** "conflicting row" associated with the current conflict-handler callback
** and returns SQLITE_OK.
**
** If some other error occurs (e.g. an OOM condition), an SQLite error code
** is returned and *ppValue is set to NULL.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3changeset_conflict(
  sqlite3_changeset_iter *pIter,  /* Changeset iterator */
  int iVal,                       /* Column number */
  sqlite3_value **ppValue         /* OUT: Value from conflicting row */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Determine The Number Of Foreign Key Constraint Violations
................................................................................
** This function may only be called with an iterator passed to an
** SQLITE_CHANGESET_FOREIGN_KEY conflict handler callback. In this case
** it sets the output variable to the total number of known foreign key
** violations in the destination database and returns SQLITE_OK.
**
** In all other cases this function returns SQLITE_MISUSE.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3changeset_fk_conflicts(
  sqlite3_changeset_iter *pIter,  /* Changeset iterator */
  int *pnOut                      /* OUT: Number of FK violations */
);


/*
** CAPI3REF: Finalize A Changeset Iterator
................................................................................
**     // Do something with change.
**   }
**   rc = sqlite3changeset_finalize();
**   if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
**     // An error has occurred 
**   }
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3changeset_finalize(sqlite3_changeset_iter *pIter);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Invert A Changeset
**
** This function is used to "invert" a changeset object. Applying an inverted
** changeset to a database reverses the effects of applying the uninverted
** changeset. Specifically:
................................................................................
** It is the responsibility of the caller to eventually call sqlite3_free()
** on the *ppOut pointer to free the buffer allocation following a successful 
** call to this function.
**
** WARNING/TODO: This function currently assumes that the input is a valid
** changeset. If it is not, the results are undefined.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3changeset_invert(
  int nIn, const void *pIn,       /* Input changeset */
  int *pnOut, void **ppOut        /* OUT: Inverse of input */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Concatenate Two Changeset Objects
**
................................................................................
**   }else{
**     *ppOut = 0;
**     *pnOut = 0;
**   }
**
** Refer to the sqlite3_changegroup documentation below for details.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3changeset_concat(
  int nA,                         /* Number of bytes in buffer pA */
  void *pA,                       /* Pointer to buffer containing changeset A */
  int nB,                         /* Number of bytes in buffer pB */
  void *pB,                       /* Pointer to buffer containing changeset B */
  int *pnOut,                     /* OUT: Number of bytes in output changeset */
  void **ppOut                    /* OUT: Buffer containing output changeset */
);


/*
** CAPI3REF: Changegroup Handle
*/
typedef struct sqlite3_changegroup sqlite3_changegroup;

/*
** CAPI3REF: Create A New Changegroup Object
**
** An sqlite3_changegroup object is used to combine two or more changesets
** (or patchsets) into a single changeset (or patchset). A single changegroup
** object may combine changesets or patchsets, but not both. The output is
** always in the same format as the input.
**
** If successful, this function returns SQLITE_OK and populates (*pp) with
................................................................................
** As well as the regular sqlite3changegroup_add() and 
** sqlite3changegroup_output() functions, also available are the streaming
** versions sqlite3changegroup_add_strm() and sqlite3changegroup_output_strm().
*/
int sqlite3changegroup_new(sqlite3_changegroup **pp);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Add A Changeset To A Changegroup
**
** Add all changes within the changeset (or patchset) in buffer pData (size
** nData bytes) to the changegroup. 
**
** If the buffer contains a patchset, then all prior calls to this function
** on the same changegroup object must also have specified patchsets. Or, if
** the buffer contains a changeset, so must have the earlier calls to this
** function. Otherwise, SQLITE_ERROR is returned and no changes are added
................................................................................
** to the changegroup.
**
** Rows within the changeset and changegroup are identified by the values in
** their PRIMARY KEY columns. A change in the changeset is considered to
** apply to the same row as a change already present in the changegroup if
** the two rows have the same primary key.
**
** Changes to rows that do not already appear in the changegroup are
** simply copied into it. Or, if both the new changeset and the changegroup
** contain changes that apply to a single row, the final contents of the
** changegroup depends on the type of each change, as follows:
**
** <table border=1 style="margin-left:8ex;margin-right:8ex">
**   <tr><th style="white-space:pre">Existing Change  </th>
**       <th style="white-space:pre">New Change       </th>
................................................................................
** final contents of the changegroup is undefined.
**
** If no error occurs, SQLITE_OK is returned.
*/
int sqlite3changegroup_add(sqlite3_changegroup*, int nData, void *pData);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Obtain A Composite Changeset From A Changegroup
**
** Obtain a buffer containing a changeset (or patchset) representing the
** current contents of the changegroup. If the inputs to the changegroup
** were themselves changesets, the output is a changeset. Or, if the
** inputs were patchsets, the output is also a patchset.
**
** As with the output of the sqlite3session_changeset() and
** sqlite3session_patchset() functions, all changes related to a single
................................................................................
int sqlite3changegroup_output(
  sqlite3_changegroup*,
  int *pnData,                    /* OUT: Size of output buffer in bytes */
  void **ppData                   /* OUT: Pointer to output buffer */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Delete A Changegroup Object
*/
void sqlite3changegroup_delete(sqlite3_changegroup*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Apply A Changeset To A Database
**
** Apply a changeset to a database. This function attempts to update the
................................................................................
** For each table that is not excluded by the filter callback, this function 
** tests that the target database contains a compatible table. A table is 
** considered compatible if all of the following are true:
**
** <ul>
**   <li> The table has the same name as the name recorded in the 
**        changeset, and
**   <li> The table has at least as many columns as recorded in the 
**        changeset, and
**   <li> The table has primary key columns in the same position as 
**        recorded in the changeset.
** </ul>
**
** If there is no compatible table, it is not an error, but none of the
** changes associated with the table are applied. A warning message is issued
................................................................................
**   original row values stored in the changeset. If it does, and the values 
**   stored in all non-primary key columns also match the values stored in 
**   the changeset the row is deleted from the target database.
**
**   If a row with matching primary key values is found, but one or more of
**   the non-primary key fields contains a value different from the original
**   row value stored in the changeset, the conflict-handler function is
**   invoked with [SQLITE_CHANGESET_DATA] as the second argument. If the
**   database table has more columns than are recorded in the changeset,
**   only the values of those non-primary key fields are compared against
**   the current database contents - any trailing database table columns
**   are ignored.
**
**   If no row with matching primary key values is found in the database,
**   the conflict-handler function is invoked with [SQLITE_CHANGESET_NOTFOUND]
**   passed as the second argument.
**
**   If the DELETE operation is attempted, but SQLite returns SQLITE_CONSTRAINT
**   (which can only happen if a foreign key constraint is violated), the
................................................................................
**   conflict-handler function is invoked with [SQLITE_CHANGESET_CONSTRAINT]
**   passed as the second argument. This includes the case where the DELETE
**   operation is attempted because an earlier call to the conflict handler
**   function returned [SQLITE_CHANGESET_REPLACE].
**
** <dt>INSERT Changes<dd>
**   For each INSERT change, an attempt is made to insert the new row into
**   the database. If the changeset row contains fewer fields than the
**   database table, the trailing fields are populated with their default
**   values.
**
**   If the attempt to insert the row fails because the database already 
**   contains a row with the same primary key values, the conflict handler
**   function is invoked with the second argument set to 
**   [SQLITE_CHANGESET_CONFLICT].
**
**   If the attempt to insert the row fails because of some other constraint
................................................................................
**   an earlier call to the conflict handler function returned 
**   [SQLITE_CHANGESET_REPLACE].
**
** <dt>UPDATE Changes<dd>
**   For each UPDATE change, this function checks if the target database 
**   contains a row with the same primary key value (or values) as the 
**   original row values stored in the changeset. If it does, and the values 
**   stored in all modified non-primary key columns also match the values
**   stored in the changeset the row is updated within the target database.
**
**   If a row with matching primary key values is found, but one or more of
**   the modified non-primary key fields contains a value different from an
**   original row value stored in the changeset, the conflict-handler function
**   is invoked with [SQLITE_CHANGESET_DATA] as the second argument. Since
**   UPDATE changes only contain values for non-primary key fields that are
**   to be modified, only those fields need to match the original values to
**   avoid the SQLITE_CHANGESET_DATA conflict-handler callback.
**
**   If no row with matching primary key values is found in the database,
**   the conflict-handler function is invoked with [SQLITE_CHANGESET_NOTFOUND]
**   passed as the second argument.
................................................................................
**
** All changes made by this function are enclosed in a savepoint transaction.
** If any other error (aside from a constraint failure when attempting to
** write to the target database) occurs, then the savepoint transaction is
** rolled back, restoring the target database to its original state, and an 
** SQLite error code returned.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3changeset_apply(
  sqlite3 *db,                    /* Apply change to "main" db of this handle */
  int nChangeset,                 /* Size of changeset in bytes */
  void *pChangeset,               /* Changeset blob */
  int(*xFilter)(
    void *pCtx,                   /* Copy of sixth arg to _apply() */
    const char *zTab              /* Table name */
  ),
................................................................................
** is immediately abandoned and the streaming API function returns a copy
** of the xOutput error code to the application.
**
** The sessions module never invokes an xOutput callback with the third 
** parameter set to a value less than or equal to zero. Other than this,
** no guarantees are made as to the size of the chunks of data returned.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3changeset_apply_strm(
  sqlite3 *db,                    /* Apply change to "main" db of this handle */
  int (*xInput)(void *pIn, void *pData, int *pnData), /* Input function */
  void *pIn,                                          /* First arg for xInput */
  int(*xFilter)(
    void *pCtx,                   /* Copy of sixth arg to _apply() */
    const char *zTab              /* Table name */
  ),
................................................................................
  int(*xConflict)(
    void *pCtx,                   /* Copy of sixth arg to _apply() */
    int eConflict,                /* DATA, MISSING, CONFLICT, CONSTRAINT */
    sqlite3_changeset_iter *p     /* Handle describing change and conflict */
  ),
  void *pCtx                      /* First argument passed to xConflict */
);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3changeset_concat_strm(
  int (*xInputA)(void *pIn, void *pData, int *pnData),
  void *pInA,
  int (*xInputB)(void *pIn, void *pData, int *pnData),
  void *pInB,
  int (*xOutput)(void *pOut, const void *pData, int nData),
  void *pOut
);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3changeset_invert_strm(
  int (*xInput)(void *pIn, void *pData, int *pnData),
  void *pIn,
  int (*xOutput)(void *pOut, const void *pData, int nData),
  void *pOut
);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3changeset_start_strm(
  sqlite3_changeset_iter **pp,
  int (*xInput)(void *pIn, void *pData, int *pnData),
  void *pIn
);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3session_changeset_strm(
  sqlite3_session *pSession,
  int (*xOutput)(void *pOut, const void *pData, int nData),
  void *pOut
);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3session_patchset_strm(
  sqlite3_session *pSession,
  int (*xOutput)(void *pOut, const void *pData, int nData),
  void *pOut
);
int sqlite3changegroup_add_strm(sqlite3_changegroup*, 
    int (*xInput)(void *pIn, void *pData, int *pnData),
    void *pIn
................................................................................
** Applications may also register custom tokenizer types. A tokenizer 
** is registered by providing fts5 with a populated instance of the 
** following structure. All structure methods must be defined, setting
** any member of the fts5_tokenizer struct to NULL leads to undefined
** behaviour. The structure methods are expected to function as follows:
**
** xCreate:
**   This function is used to allocate and initialize a tokenizer instance.
**   A tokenizer instance is required to actually tokenize text.
**
**   The first argument passed to this function is a copy of the (void*)
**   pointer provided by the application when the fts5_tokenizer object
**   was registered with FTS5 (the third argument to xCreateTokenizer()). 
**   The second and third arguments are an array of nul-terminated strings
**   containing the tokenizer arguments, if any, specified following the
................................................................................
*************************************************************************/

#ifdef __cplusplus
}  /* end of the 'extern "C"' block */
#endif

#endif /* _FTS5_H */


/******** End of fts5.h *********/

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apply plugin: 'com.android.application'

android {
    compileSdkVersion 15
    buildToolsVersion "23.0.3"
    defaultConfig {
        applicationId "org.sqlite.customsqlitetest"
        minSdkVersion 15
        targetSdkVersion 23
        versionCode 1
        versionName "1.0"
    }
    buildTypes {
        release {
            minifyEnabled false
            proguardFiles getDefaultProguardFile('proguard-android.txt'), 'proguard-rules.pro'
................................................................................
    productFlavors {
    }
}

dependencies {
    compile fileTree(include: ['*.jar'], dir: 'libs')
    testCompile 'junit:junit:4.12'
    compile 'com.android.support:appcompat-v7:23.4.0'
    compile project(':sqlite3')
}



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apply plugin: 'com.android.application'

android {
    compileSdkVersion 25
    buildToolsVersion '25.0.2'
    defaultConfig {
        applicationId "org.sqlite.customsqlitetest"
        minSdkVersion 9
        targetSdkVersion 25
        versionCode 1
        versionName "1.0"
    }
    buildTypes {
        release {
            minifyEnabled false
            proguardFiles getDefaultProguardFile('proguard-android.txt'), 'proguard-rules.pro'
................................................................................
    productFlavors {
    }
}

dependencies {
    compile fileTree(include: ['*.jar'], dir: 'libs')
    testCompile 'junit:junit:4.12'
    compile 'com.android.support:appcompat-v7:25.3.1'
    compile project(':sqlite3')
}

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import android.database.Cursor;
import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.util.Log;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.TextView;


import org.sqlite.database.DatabaseErrorHandler;
import org.sqlite.database.sqlite.SQLiteDatabase;
import org.sqlite.database.sqlite.SQLiteStatement;
import org.sqlite.database.sqlite.SQLiteDatabaseCorruptException;
import org.sqlite.database.sqlite.SQLiteOpenHelper;

import java.io.File;
................................................................................
        myTV.append("SQLite version " + res + "\n\n");
    }

    public void test_warning(String name, String warning){
        myTV.append("WARNING:" + name + ": " + warning + "\n");
    }

    public void test_result(String name, String res, String expected){

        myTV.append(name + "... ");
        myNTest++;

        if( res.equals(expected) ){
            myTV.append("ok\n");
        } else {
            myNErr++;
            myTV.append("FAILED\n");
            myTV.append("   res=     \"" + res + "\"\n");
            myTV.append("   expected=\"" + expected + "\"\n");
        }
    }
................................................................................
        String db_path2 = DB_PATH.toString() + "2";

        db.execSQL("CREATE TABLE t1(x, y)");
        db.execSQL("INSERT INTO t1 VALUES (1, 2), (3, 4)");

        Thread t = new Thread( new Runnable() {
            public void run() {

                SQLiteStatement st = db.compileStatement("SELECT sum(x+y) FROM t1");
                String res = st.simpleQueryForString();
                test_result("thread_test_1", res, "10");
            }
        });

        t.start();
        try {
            t.join();
        } catch (InterruptedException e) {
................................................................................
        }
    }

    /*
    ** Test that a database connection may be accessed from a second thread.
    */
    public void thread_test_2(){

        SQLiteDatabase.deleteDatabase(DB_PATH);
        final SQLiteDatabase db = SQLiteDatabase.openOrCreateDatabase(DB_PATH, null);

        db.execSQL("CREATE TABLE t1(x, y)");
        db.execSQL("INSERT INTO t1 VALUES (1, 2), (3, 4)");

        db.enableWriteAheadLogging();
................................................................................
            try { Thread.sleep(100); } catch(InterruptedException e) {}
        }
        if( t.isAlive() ){ res = "blocked"; }

        db.endTransaction();
        try { t.join(); } catch(InterruptedException e) {}
        if( SQLiteDatabase.hasCodec() ){
            test_result("thread_test_2", res, "blocked");
        } else {
            test_result("thread_test_2", res, "concurrent");
        }
    }

    /*
    ** Use a Cursor to loop through the results of a SELECT query.
    */
    public void csr_test_2() throws Exception {

        SQLiteDatabase.deleteDatabase(DB_PATH);
        SQLiteDatabase db = SQLiteDatabase.openOrCreateDatabase(DB_PATH, null);
        String res = "";
        String expect = "";
        int i;
        int nRow = 0;

................................................................................
            for(bRes=c.moveToFirst(); bRes; bRes=c.moveToNext()){
                String x = c.getString(0);
                res = res + "." + x;
            }
        }else{
            test_warning("csr_test_1", "c==NULL");
        }
        test_result("csr_test_2.1", res, expect);


        db.execSQL("BEGIN");
        for(i=0; i<1000; i++){
            db.execSQL("INSERT INTO t1 VALUES (X'123456'), (X'789ABC'), (X'DEF012')");
            db.execSQL("INSERT INTO t1 VALUES (45), (46), (47)");
            db.execSQL("INSERT INTO t1 VALUES (8.1), (8.2), (8.3)");
            db.execSQL("INSERT INTO t1 VALUES (NULL), (NULL), (NULL)");
        }
................................................................................
        c = db.rawQuery("SELECT x FROM t1", null);
        if( c!=null ){
            boolean bRes;
            for(bRes=c.moveToFirst(); bRes; bRes=c.moveToNext()) nRow++;
        }else{
            test_warning("csr_test_1", "c==NULL");
        }
        test_result("csr_test_2.2", "" + nRow, "15000");

        db.close();
    }

    public String string_from_t1_x(SQLiteDatabase db){
        String res = "";

................................................................................
            String x = c.getString(0);
            res = res + "." + x;
        }

        return res;
    }
    public void csr_test_1() throws Exception {

        SQLiteDatabase.deleteDatabase(DB_PATH);
        SQLiteDatabase db = SQLiteDatabase.openOrCreateDatabase(DB_PATH, null);
        String res = "";

        db.execSQL("CREATE TABLE t1(x)");
        db.execSQL("INSERT INTO t1 VALUES ('one'), ('two'), ('three')");

        res = string_from_t1_x(db);
        test_result("csr_test_1.1", res, ".one.two.three");


        db.close();
        test_result("csr_test_1.2", db_is_encrypted(), "unencrypted");
    }

    public void stmt_jrnl_test_1() throws Exception {

        SQLiteDatabase.deleteDatabase(DB_PATH);
        SQLiteDatabase db = SQLiteDatabase.openOrCreateDatabase(DB_PATH, null);
        String res = "";

        db.execSQL("CREATE TABLE t1(x, y UNIQUE)");
        db.execSQL("BEGIN");
        db.execSQL("INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1, 1), (2, 2), (3, 3)");
        db.execSQL("UPDATE t1 SET y=y+3");
        db.execSQL("COMMIT");
        db.close();
        test_result("stmt_jrnl_test_1.1", "did not crash", "did not crash");
    }


    public void supp_char_test_1() throws Exception {

        SQLiteDatabase.deleteDatabase(DB_PATH);
        SQLiteDatabase db = SQLiteDatabase.openOrCreateDatabase(DB_PATH, null);
        String res = "";
        String smiley = new String( Character.toChars(0x10000) );

        db.execSQL("CREATE TABLE t1(x)");
        db.execSQL("INSERT INTO t1 VALUES ('a" + smiley + "b')");

        res = string_from_t1_x(db);

        test_result("supp_char_test1." + smiley, res, ".a" + smiley + "b");

        db.close();
    }

    /*
    ** If this is a SEE build, check that encrypted databases work.
    */
    public void see_test_1() throws Exception {

        if( !SQLiteDatabase.hasCodec() ) return;

        SQLiteDatabase.deleteDatabase(DB_PATH);
        String res = "";

        SQLiteDatabase db = SQLiteDatabase.openOrCreateDatabase(DB_PATH, null);
        db.execSQL("PRAGMA key = 'secretkey'");

        db.execSQL("CREATE TABLE t1(x)");
        db.execSQL("INSERT INTO t1 VALUES ('one'), ('two'), ('three')");

        res = string_from_t1_x(db);
        test_result("see_test_1.1", res, ".one.two.three");

        db.close();

        test_result("see_test_1.2", db_is_encrypted(), "encrypted");


        db = SQLiteDatabase.openOrCreateDatabase(DB_PATH, null);
        db.execSQL("PRAGMA key = 'secretkey'");
        res = string_from_t1_x(db);
        test_result("see_test_1.3", res, ".one.two.three");

        db.close();

        res = "unencrypted";
        try {
            db = SQLiteDatabase.openOrCreateDatabase(DB_PATH.getPath(), null);
            string_from_t1_x(db);
        } catch ( SQLiteDatabaseCorruptException e ){
            res = "encrypted";
        } finally {
            db.close();
        }
        test_result("see_test_1.4", res, "encrypted");


        res = "unencrypted";
        try {
            db = SQLiteDatabase.openOrCreateDatabase(DB_PATH.getPath(), null);
            db.execSQL("PRAGMA key = 'otherkey'");
            string_from_t1_x(db);
        } catch ( SQLiteDatabaseCorruptException e ){
            res = "encrypted";
        } finally {
            db.close();
        }
        test_result("see_test_1.5", res, "encrypted");
    }
    class MyHelper extends SQLiteOpenHelper {
        public MyHelper(Context ctx){
            super(ctx, DB_PATH.getPath(), null, 1);
        }
        public void onConfigure(SQLiteDatabase db){
            db.execSQL("PRAGMA key = 'secret'");
................................................................................
        }
    }

    /*
    ** Check that SQLiteOpenHelper works.
    */
    public void helper_test_1() throws Exception {

        SQLiteDatabase.deleteDatabase(DB_PATH);

        MyHelper helper = new MyHelper(this);
        SQLiteDatabase db = helper.getWritableDatabase();
        db.execSQL("INSERT INTO t1 VALUES ('x'), ('y'), ('z')");

        String res = string_from_t1_x(db);
        test_result("helper.1", res, ".x.y.z");

        helper.close();
    }

    /*
    ** If this is a SEE build, check that SQLiteOpenHelper still works.
    */
    public void see_test_2() throws Exception {

        if( !SQLiteDatabase.hasCodec() ) return;
        SQLiteDatabase.deleteDatabase(DB_PATH);

        MyHelper helper = new MyHelper(this);
        SQLiteDatabase db = helper.getWritableDatabase();
        db.execSQL("INSERT INTO t1 VALUES ('x'), ('y'), ('z')");

        String res = string_from_t1_x(db);
        test_result("see_test_2.1", res, ".x.y.z");

        test_result("see_test_2.2", db_is_encrypted(), "encrypted");


        helper.close();
        helper = new MyHelper(this);
        db = helper.getReadableDatabase();
        test_result("see_test_2.3", res, ".x.y.z");


        db = helper.getWritableDatabase();
        test_result("see_test_2.4", res, ".x.y.z");


        test_result("see_test_2.5", db_is_encrypted(), "encrypted");








    }

    public void run_the_tests(View view){










        System.loadLibrary("sqliteX");
        DB_PATH = getApplicationContext().getDatabasePath("test.db");
        DB_PATH.mkdirs();

        myTV.setText("");
        myNErr = 0;
        myNTest = 0;

................................................................................
            csr_test_1();
            csr_test_2();
            thread_test_1();
            thread_test_2();
            see_test_1();
            see_test_2();
            stmt_jrnl_test_1();


            myTV.append("\n" + myNErr + " errors from " + myNTest + " tests\n");
        } catch(Exception e) {
            myTV.append("Exception: " + e.toString() + "\n");
            myTV.append(android.util.Log.getStackTraceString(e) + "\n");
        }
    }
}





























































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import android.database.Cursor;
import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.util.Log;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.TextView;

import org.json.JSONObject;
import org.sqlite.database.DatabaseErrorHandler;
import org.sqlite.database.sqlite.SQLiteDatabase;
import org.sqlite.database.sqlite.SQLiteStatement;
import org.sqlite.database.sqlite.SQLiteDatabaseCorruptException;
import org.sqlite.database.sqlite.SQLiteOpenHelper;

import java.io.File;
................................................................................
        myTV.append("SQLite version " + res + "\n\n");
    }

    public void test_warning(String name, String warning){
        myTV.append("WARNING:" + name + ": " + warning + "\n");
    }

    public void test_result(String name, String res, String expected, long t0){
        long tot = (System.nanoTime() - t0) / 1000000;
        myTV.append(name + "... ");
        myNTest++;

        if( res.equals(expected) ){
            myTV.append("ok (" + tot + "ms)\n");
        } else {
            myNErr++;
            myTV.append("FAILED\n");
            myTV.append("   res=     \"" + res + "\"\n");
            myTV.append("   expected=\"" + expected + "\"\n");
        }
    }
................................................................................
        String db_path2 = DB_PATH.toString() + "2";

        db.execSQL("CREATE TABLE t1(x, y)");
        db.execSQL("INSERT INTO t1 VALUES (1, 2), (3, 4)");

        Thread t = new Thread( new Runnable() {
            public void run() {
                final long t0 = System.nanoTime();
                SQLiteStatement st = db.compileStatement("SELECT sum(x+y) FROM t1");
                String res = st.simpleQueryForString();
                test_result("thread_test_1", res, "10", t0);
            }
        });

        t.start();
        try {
            t.join();
        } catch (InterruptedException e) {
................................................................................
        }
    }

    /*
    ** Test that a database connection may be accessed from a second thread.
    */
    public void thread_test_2(){
        final long t0 = System.nanoTime();
        SQLiteDatabase.deleteDatabase(DB_PATH);
        final SQLiteDatabase db = SQLiteDatabase.openOrCreateDatabase(DB_PATH, null);

        db.execSQL("CREATE TABLE t1(x, y)");
        db.execSQL("INSERT INTO t1 VALUES (1, 2), (3, 4)");

        db.enableWriteAheadLogging();
................................................................................
            try { Thread.sleep(100); } catch(InterruptedException e) {}
        }
        if( t.isAlive() ){ res = "blocked"; }

        db.endTransaction();
        try { t.join(); } catch(InterruptedException e) {}
        if( SQLiteDatabase.hasCodec() ){
            test_result("thread_test_2", res, "blocked", t0);
        } else {
            test_result("thread_test_2", res, "concurrent", t0);
        }
    }

    /*
    ** Use a Cursor to loop through the results of a SELECT query.
    */
    public void csr_test_2() throws Exception {
        final long t0 = System.nanoTime();
        SQLiteDatabase.deleteDatabase(DB_PATH);
        SQLiteDatabase db = SQLiteDatabase.openOrCreateDatabase(DB_PATH, null);
        String res = "";
        String expect = "";
        int i;
        int nRow = 0;

................................................................................
            for(bRes=c.moveToFirst(); bRes; bRes=c.moveToNext()){
                String x = c.getString(0);
                res = res + "." + x;
            }
        }else{
            test_warning("csr_test_1", "c==NULL");
        }
        test_result("csr_test_2.1", res, expect, t0);

        final long t1 = System.nanoTime();
        db.execSQL("BEGIN");
        for(i=0; i<1000; i++){
            db.execSQL("INSERT INTO t1 VALUES (X'123456'), (X'789ABC'), (X'DEF012')");
            db.execSQL("INSERT INTO t1 VALUES (45), (46), (47)");
            db.execSQL("INSERT INTO t1 VALUES (8.1), (8.2), (8.3)");
            db.execSQL("INSERT INTO t1 VALUES (NULL), (NULL), (NULL)");
        }
................................................................................
        c = db.rawQuery("SELECT x FROM t1", null);
        if( c!=null ){
            boolean bRes;
            for(bRes=c.moveToFirst(); bRes; bRes=c.moveToNext()) nRow++;
        }else{
            test_warning("csr_test_1", "c==NULL");
        }
        test_result("csr_test_2.2", "" + nRow, "15000", t1);

        db.close();
    }

    public String string_from_t1_x(SQLiteDatabase db){
        String res = "";

................................................................................
            String x = c.getString(0);
            res = res + "." + x;
        }

        return res;
    }
    public void csr_test_1() throws Exception {
        final long t0 = System.nanoTime();
        SQLiteDatabase.deleteDatabase(DB_PATH);
        SQLiteDatabase db = SQLiteDatabase.openOrCreateDatabase(DB_PATH, null);
        String res = "";

        db.execSQL("CREATE TABLE t1(x)");
        db.execSQL("INSERT INTO t1 VALUES ('one'), ('two'), ('three')");

        res = string_from_t1_x(db);
        test_result("csr_test_1.1", res, ".one.two.three", t0);
        final long t1 = System.nanoTime();

        db.close();
        test_result("csr_test_1.2", db_is_encrypted(), "unencrypted", t1);
    }

    public void stmt_jrnl_test_1() throws Exception {
        final long t0 = System.nanoTime();
        SQLiteDatabase.deleteDatabase(DB_PATH);
        SQLiteDatabase db = SQLiteDatabase.openOrCreateDatabase(DB_PATH, null);
        String res = "";

        db.execSQL("CREATE TABLE t1(x, y UNIQUE)");
        db.execSQL("BEGIN");
        db.execSQL("INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1, 1), (2, 2), (3, 3)");
        db.execSQL("UPDATE t1 SET y=y+3");
        db.execSQL("COMMIT");
        db.close();
        test_result("stmt_jrnl_test_1.1", "did not crash", "did not crash", t0);
    }


    public void supp_char_test_1() throws Exception {
        final long t0 = System.nanoTime();
        SQLiteDatabase.deleteDatabase(DB_PATH);
        SQLiteDatabase db = SQLiteDatabase.openOrCreateDatabase(DB_PATH, null);
        String res = "";
        String smiley = new String( Character.toChars(0x10000) );

        db.execSQL("CREATE TABLE t1(x)");
        db.execSQL("INSERT INTO t1 VALUES ('a" + smiley + "b')");

        res = string_from_t1_x(db);

        test_result("supp_char_test1." + smiley, res, ".a" + smiley + "b", t0);

        db.close();
    }

    /*
    ** If this is a SEE build, check that encrypted databases work.
    */
    public void see_test_1() throws Exception {
        final long t0 = System.nanoTime();
        if( !SQLiteDatabase.hasCodec() ) return;

        SQLiteDatabase.deleteDatabase(DB_PATH);
        String res = "";

        SQLiteDatabase db = SQLiteDatabase.openOrCreateDatabase(DB_PATH, null);
        db.execSQL("PRAGMA key = 'secretkey'");

        db.execSQL("CREATE TABLE t1(x)");
        db.execSQL("INSERT INTO t1 VALUES ('one'), ('two'), ('three')");

        res = string_from_t1_x(db);
        test_result("see_test_1.1", res, ".one.two.three", t0);
        final long t1 = System.nanoTime();
        db.close();

        test_result("see_test_1.2", db_is_encrypted(), "encrypted", t1);
        final long t2 = System.nanoTime();

        db = SQLiteDatabase.openOrCreateDatabase(DB_PATH, null);
        db.execSQL("PRAGMA key = 'secretkey'");
        res = string_from_t1_x(db);
        test_result("see_test_1.3", res, ".one.two.three", t2);
        final long t3 = System.nanoTime();
        db.close();

        res = "unencrypted";
        try {
            db = SQLiteDatabase.openOrCreateDatabase(DB_PATH.getPath(), null);
            string_from_t1_x(db);
        } catch ( SQLiteDatabaseCorruptException e ){
            res = "encrypted";
        } finally {
            db.close();
        }
        test_result("see_test_1.4", res, "encrypted", t3);
        final long t4 = System.nanoTime();

        res = "unencrypted";
        try {
            db = SQLiteDatabase.openOrCreateDatabase(DB_PATH.getPath(), null);
            db.execSQL("PRAGMA key = 'otherkey'");
            string_from_t1_x(db);
        } catch ( SQLiteDatabaseCorruptException e ){
            res = "encrypted";
        } finally {
            db.close();
        }
        test_result("see_test_1.5", res, "encrypted", t4);
    }
    class MyHelper extends SQLiteOpenHelper {
        public MyHelper(Context ctx){
            super(ctx, DB_PATH.getPath(), null, 1);
        }
        public void onConfigure(SQLiteDatabase db){
            db.execSQL("PRAGMA key = 'secret'");
................................................................................
        }
    }

    /*
    ** Check that SQLiteOpenHelper works.
    */
    public void helper_test_1() throws Exception {
        final long t0 = System.nanoTime();
        SQLiteDatabase.deleteDatabase(DB_PATH);

        MyHelper helper = new MyHelper(this);
        SQLiteDatabase db = helper.getWritableDatabase();
        db.execSQL("INSERT INTO t1 VALUES ('x'), ('y'), ('z')");

        String res = string_from_t1_x(db);
        test_result("helper.1", res, ".x.y.z", t0);

        helper.close();
    }

    /*
    ** If this is a SEE build, check that SQLiteOpenHelper still works.
    */
    public void see_test_2() throws Exception {
        final long t0 = System.nanoTime();
        if( !SQLiteDatabase.hasCodec() ) return;
        SQLiteDatabase.deleteDatabase(DB_PATH);

        MyHelper helper = new MyHelper(this);
        SQLiteDatabase db = helper.getWritableDatabase();
        db.execSQL("INSERT INTO t1 VALUES ('x'), ('y'), ('z')");

        String res = string_from_t1_x(db);
        test_result("see_test_2.1", res, ".x.y.z", t0);
        final long t1 = System.nanoTime();
        test_result("see_test_2.2", db_is_encrypted(), "encrypted", t1);
        final long t2 = System.nanoTime();

        helper.close();
        helper = new MyHelper(this);
        db = helper.getReadableDatabase();
        test_result("see_test_2.3", res, ".x.y.z", t2);
        final long t3 = System.nanoTime();

        db = helper.getWritableDatabase();
        test_result("see_test_2.4", res, ".x.y.z", t3);
        final long t4 = System.nanoTime();

        test_result("see_test_2.5", db_is_encrypted(), "encrypted", t4);
    }

    private static boolean mLibIsLoaded = false;
    private static void loadLibrary() {
        if (!mLibIsLoaded) {
            System.loadLibrary("sqliteX");
            mLibIsLoaded = true;
        }
    }

    public void run_the_tests(View view){
        myTV.setText("");
        view.post(new Runnable() {
            @Override
            public void run() {
                run_the_tests_really();
            }
        });
    }

    public void run_the_tests_really(){
        loadLibrary();
        DB_PATH = getApplicationContext().getDatabasePath("test.db");
        DB_PATH.mkdirs();

        myTV.setText("");
        myNErr = 0;
        myNTest = 0;

................................................................................
            csr_test_1();
            csr_test_2();
            thread_test_1();
            thread_test_2();
            see_test_1();
            see_test_2();
            stmt_jrnl_test_1();
            json_test_1();

            myTV.append("\n" + myNErr + " errors from " + myNTest + " tests\n");
        } catch(Exception e) {
            myTV.append("Exception: " + e.toString() + "\n");
            myTV.append(android.util.Log.getStackTraceString(e) + "\n");
        }
    }

    public void json_test_1() throws Exception {
        SQLiteDatabase.deleteDatabase(DB_PATH);
        SQLiteDatabase db = SQLiteDatabase.openOrCreateDatabase(DB_PATH, null);
        final long t0 = System.nanoTime();
        db.beginTransaction();
        String res = "";

        db.execSQL("CREATE TABLE t1(x, y)");
        JSONObject json = new JSONObject();
        json.put("Foo", 1);
        json.put("Bar", "Gum");
        db.execSQL("INSERT INTO t1 VALUES (json('" + json.toString() + "'), 1)");
        final String r1 = json.toString();
        json.put("Foo", 2);
        json.put("Bar", "Goo");
        final String r2 = json.toString();
        db.execSQL("INSERT INTO t1 VALUES (json('" + json.toString() + "'), 2)");
        json.put("Foo", 11);
        json.put("Bar", "Zoo");
        db.execSQL("INSERT INTO t1 VALUES (json('" + json.toString() + "'), 11)");

        SQLiteStatement s = db.compileStatement("Select json_extract(x, '$.Foo') from t1 where y = 1");
        res = s.simpleQueryForString();
        db.setTransactionSuccessful();
        db.endTransaction();
        test_result("json_test_1.1", res, "1", t0);

        db.beginTransaction();
        final long t1 = System.nanoTime();
        s.close();

        s = db.compileStatement("Select json_extract(x, '$.Bar') from t1 where y = 1");
        res = s.simpleQueryForString();
        db.setTransactionSuccessful();
        db.endTransaction();
        test_result("json_test_1.2", res, "Gum", t1);
        db.beginTransaction();
        final long t2 = System.nanoTime();
        s.close();

        db.execSQL("Create Unique Index t1_foo on t1(json_extract(x, '$.Foo'))");
        db.execSQL("Create Unique Index t1_bar on t1(json_extract(x, '$.Bar'))");

        s = db.compileStatement("Select x from t1 where json_extract(x, '$.Foo') > 1 order by json_extract(x, '$.Foo') limit 1");
        res = s.simpleQueryForString();
        db.setTransactionSuccessful();
        db.endTransaction();
        test_result("json_test_1.3", res, r2, t2);

        s.close();

        db.close();
    }
}