This problem affects a SELECT statement only if all the following are true:
<li> The FROM clause consists of a single sub-select.
<li> The FROM clause sub-select cannot be flattened into its parent.
<li> Either the LIMIT or OFFSET clause of the outer SELECT is also a
When SQLite processes a SELECT statement for which the FROM clause contains a
single sub-select that is not eligible for the flattening optimization, it
creates a co-routine that returns one row each time it is invoked to
implement the sub-select.
The vdbe code is:
<li> Jump to start of main routine,
<li> Body of co-routine,
<li> Main routine (invokes sub-routine).
<li> VerifyCookie routine.
Because of the way the SQL compiler works, the VerifyCookie routine is
currently being invoked the first time the co-routine is invoked, not by the
start of the main routine. If the main routine attempts to access the database
before the co-routine is invoked, then it is an error. This may occur if either
the LIMIT or the OFFSET expression of the main SELECT are themselves
sub-selects that access the database. For example:
CREATE TABLE abc(a, b, c);
CREATE TABLE def(a, b, c);
SELECT * FROM (SELECT * FROM def LIMIT 1 OFFSET 1) LIMIT (SELECT 20 FROM abc)