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Comment:Add support for indexes on expressions to incremental_index_check.
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SHA3-256:8c1c701fdbe0d56ee7f6f7d7b583aafde9fa14acc93ee8ecaddc8bb311e2bf52
User & Date: dan 2017-10-30 19:38:41
Context
2017-10-31
12:01
Fix a couple of issues in incremental_index_check to do with CREATE INDEX statements that contain embedded SQL comments. check-in: 2aef4181 user: dan tags: checkindex
2017-10-30
19:38
Add support for indexes on expressions to incremental_index_check. check-in: 8c1c701f user: dan tags: checkindex
17:05
In checkindex.c, use C code instead of SQL/group_concat() to compose various SQL clauses. This is to make it easier to support indexes on expressions. check-in: 940606b3 user: dan tags: checkindex
Changes
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Changes to ext/repair/checkindex.c.

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    int i;
    for(i=0; i<pIdx->nCol; i++){
      sqlite3_free(pIdx->aCol[i].zExpr);
    }
    sqlite3_free(pIdx);
  }
}









































































































static int cidxLookupIndex(
  CidxCursor *pCsr,               /* Cursor object */
  const char *zIdx,               /* Name of index to look up */
  CidxIndex **ppIdx,              /* OUT: Description of columns */
  char **pzTab                    /* OUT: Table name */
){
................................................................................
  CidxIndex *pIdx = 0;

  sqlite3_stmt *pFindTab = 0;
  sqlite3_stmt *pInfo = 0;
    
  /* Find the table for this index. */
  pFindTab = cidxPrepare(&rc, pCsr, 
      "SELECT tbl_name FROM sqlite_master WHERE name=%Q AND type='index'",
      zIdx
  );
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && sqlite3_step(pFindTab)==SQLITE_ROW ){

    zTab = cidxStrdup(&rc, (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pFindTab, 0));
  }

































  cidxFinalize(&rc, pFindTab);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && zTab==0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
  }

  pInfo = cidxPrepare(&rc, pCsr, "PRAGMA index_xinfo(%Q)", zIdx);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    int nAlloc = 0;
    int iCol = 0;

    while( sqlite3_step(pInfo)==SQLITE_ROW ){
      const char *zName = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pInfo, 2);
      const char *zColl = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pInfo, 4);
      CidxColumn *p;
      if( zName==0 ) zName = "rowid";
      if( iCol==nAlloc ){
        int nByte = sizeof(CidxIndex) + sizeof(CidxColumn)*(nAlloc+8);
        pIdx = (CidxIndex*)sqlite3_realloc(pIdx, nByte);
      }
      p = &pIdx->aCol[iCol++];
      p->zExpr = cidxMprintf(&rc, "\"%w\" COLLATE %s",zName,zColl);
      p->bDesc = sqlite3_column_int(pInfo, 3);
      p->bKey = sqlite3_column_int(pInfo, 5);
      pIdx->nCol = iCol;
    }
    cidxFinalize(&rc, pInfo);
  }
  
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3_free(zTab);
    cidxFreeIndex(pIdx);
  }else{
    *pzTab = zTab;
    *ppIdx = pIdx;
................................................................................
  int *pRc, CidxColumn *aCol, char **azAfter, int iGt, int bLastIsNull
){
  char *zRet = 0;
  const char *zSep = "";
  int i;

  for(i=0; i<iGt; i++){
    zRet = cidxMprintf(pRc, "%z%s%s IS %s", zRet, 
        zSep, aCol[i].zExpr, (azAfter[i] ? azAfter[i] : "NULL")
    );
    zSep = " AND ";
  }

  if( bLastIsNull ){
    zRet = cidxMprintf(pRc, "%z%s%s IS NULL", zRet, zSep, aCol[iGt].zExpr);
  }
  else if( azAfter[iGt] ){
    zRet = cidxMprintf(pRc, "%z%s%s %s %s", zRet, 
        zSep, aCol[iGt].zExpr, (aCol[iGt].bDesc ? "<" : ">"), 
        azAfter[iGt]
    );
  }else{
    zRet = cidxMprintf(pRc, "%z%s%s IS NOT NULL", zRet, zSep, aCol[iGt].zExpr);
  }

  return zRet;
}

#define CIDX_CLIST_ALL         0
#define CIDX_CLIST_ORDERBY     1
................................................................................
  int *pRc,                       /* IN/OUT: Error code */
  const char *zIdx,
  CidxIndex *pIdx,                /* Indexed columns */
  int eType                       /* True to include ASC/DESC */
){
  char *zRet = 0;
  if( *pRc==SQLITE_OK ){
    const char *aDir[2] = {" ASC", " DESC"};
    int i;
    const char *zSep = "";

    for(i=0; i<pIdx->nCol; i++){
      CidxColumn *p = &pIdx->aCol[i];
      assert( pIdx->aCol[i].bDesc==0 || pIdx->aCol[i].bDesc==1 );
      switch( eType ){

        case CIDX_CLIST_ORDERBY:
          zRet = cidxMprintf(pRc, "%z%s%s%s",zRet,zSep,p->zExpr,aDir[p->bDesc]);
          zSep = ",";
          break;

        case CIDX_CLIST_CURRENT_KEY:
          zRet = cidxMprintf(pRc, "%z%squote(%s)", zRet, zSep, p->zExpr);
          zSep = "||','||";
          break;

        case CIDX_CLIST_SUBWHERE:
          if( p->bKey==0 ){
            zRet = cidxMprintf(pRc, "%z%s%s IS \"%w\".%s", zRet, 
                zSep, p->zExpr, zIdx, p->zExpr
            );
            zSep = " AND ";
          }
          break;

        case CIDX_CLIST_SUBEXPR:
          if( p->bKey==1 ){
            zRet = cidxMprintf(pRc, "%z%s%s IS \"%w\".%s", zRet, 
                zSep, p->zExpr, zIdx, p->zExpr
            );
            zSep = " AND ";
          }
          break;

        default:
          assert( eType==CIDX_CLIST_ALL );
          zRet = cidxMprintf(pRc, "%z%s%s", zRet, zSep, p->zExpr);
          zSep = ",";
          break;
      }
    }
  }

  return zRet;
}
................................................................................

    rc = cidxLookupIndex(pCsr, zIdxName, &pIdx, &zTab);

    zOrderBy = cidxColumnList(&rc, zIdxName, pIdx, CIDX_CLIST_ORDERBY);
    zCurrentKey = cidxColumnList(&rc, zIdxName, pIdx, CIDX_CLIST_CURRENT_KEY);
    zSubWhere = cidxColumnList(&rc, zIdxName, pIdx, CIDX_CLIST_SUBWHERE);
    zSubExpr = cidxColumnList(&rc, zIdxName, pIdx, CIDX_CLIST_SUBEXPR);
    /* zSrcList = cidxColumnList(&rc, zIdxName, pIdx, CIDX_CLIST_ALL); */

    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && zAfterKey ){
      rc = cidxDecodeAfter(pCsr, pIdx->nCol, zAfterKey, &azAfter);
    }

    if( rc || zAfterKey==0 ){
      pCsr->pStmt = cidxPrepare(&rc, pCsr, 
          "SELECT (SELECT %s FROM %Q WHERE %s), %s FROM %Q AS %Q ORDER BY %s",

          zSubExpr, zTab, zSubWhere, zCurrentKey, zTab, zIdxName, zOrderBy

      );
      /* printf("SQL: %s\n", sqlite3_sql(pCsr->pStmt));  */
    }else{
      char *zList = cidxColumnList(&rc, zIdxName, pIdx, 0);
      const char *zSep = "";
      char *zSql;
      int i;


      zSql = cidxMprintf(&rc, "SELECT (SELECT %s FROM %Q WHERE %s), %s FROM (",
          zSubExpr, zTab, zSubWhere, zCurrentKey
      );
      for(i=pIdx->nCol-1; i>=0; i--){
        int j;
        if( pIdx->aCol[i].bDesc && azAfter[i]==0 ) continue;
        for(j=0; j<2; j++){
          char *zWhere = cidxWhere(&rc, pIdx->aCol, azAfter, i, j);
          zSql = cidxMprintf(&rc, 
              "%z%s SELECT * FROM (SELECT %s FROM %Q WHERE %z ORDER BY %s)",
              zSql, zSep, zList, zTab, zWhere, zOrderBy
              );
          zSep = " UNION ALL ";
          if( pIdx->aCol[i].bDesc==0 ) break;
        }
      }
      zSql = cidxMprintf(&rc, "%z) AS %Q", zSql, zIdxName);
      sqlite3_free(zList);

      /* printf("SQL: %s\n", zSql); */
      pCsr->pStmt = cidxPrepare(&rc, pCsr, "%z", zSql);
    }

    sqlite3_free(zTab);
    sqlite3_free(zCurrentKey);
    sqlite3_free(zOrderBy);
    sqlite3_free(zSubWhere);
    sqlite3_free(zSubExpr);

    cidxFreeIndex(pIdx);
    sqlite3_free(azAfter);
  }

  if( pCsr->pStmt ){
    assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );
    rc = cidxNext(pCursor);







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    int i;
    for(i=0; i<pIdx->nCol; i++){
      sqlite3_free(pIdx->aCol[i].zExpr);
    }
    sqlite3_free(pIdx);
  }
}

#define CIDX_PARSE_EOF   0
#define CIDX_PARSE_COMMA 1      /*  "," */
#define CIDX_PARSE_OPEN  2      /*  "(" */
#define CIDX_PARSE_CLOSE 3      /*  ")" */

static int cidxFindNext(const char *zIn, const char **pzOut){
  const char *z = zIn;

  while( 1 ){
    *pzOut = z;
    switch( *z ){
      case '\0':
        return CIDX_PARSE_EOF;
      case '(':
        return CIDX_PARSE_OPEN;
      case ')':
        return CIDX_PARSE_CLOSE;
      case ',':
        return CIDX_PARSE_COMMA;

      case '"': 
      case '\'': 
      case '`': {
        char q = *z;
        z++;
        while( *z ){
          if( *z==q ){
            z++;
            if( *z!=q ) break;
          }
          z++;
        }
        break;
      }

      case '[':
        while( *z++!=']' );
        break;

      default:
        z++;
    }
  }

  assert( 0 );
  return -1;
}

static int cidx_isspace(char c){
  return c==' ' || c=='\t' || c=='\r' || c=='\n';
}

static int cidx_isident(char c){
  return c<0 
    || (c>='0' && c<='9') || (c>='a' && c<='z') 
    || (c>='A' && c<='Z') || c=='_';
}

static int cidxParseSQL(CidxCursor *pCsr, CidxIndex *pIdx, const char *zSql){
  const char *z = zSql;
  const char *z1;
  int e;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  int nParen = 1;
  CidxColumn *pCol = pIdx->aCol;

  e = cidxFindNext(z, &z);
  if( e!=CIDX_PARSE_OPEN ) goto parse_error;
  z1 = z+1;
  z++;
  while( nParen>0 ){
    e = cidxFindNext(z, &z);
    if( e==CIDX_PARSE_EOF ) goto parse_error;
    if( (e==CIDX_PARSE_COMMA || e==CIDX_PARSE_CLOSE) && nParen==1 ){
      const char *z2 = z;
      if( pCol->zExpr ) goto parse_error;

      while( cidx_isspace(z[-1]) ) z--;
      if( 0==sqlite3_strnicmp(&z[-3], "asc", 3) && 0==cidx_isident(z[-4]) ){
        z -= 3;
        while( cidx_isspace(z[-1]) ) z--;
      }else
      if( 0==sqlite3_strnicmp(&z[-4], "desc", 4) && 0==cidx_isident(z[-5]) ){
        z -= 4;
        while( cidx_isspace(z[-1]) ) z--;
      }

      while( cidx_isspace(z1[0]) ) z1++;
      pCol->zExpr = cidxMprintf(&rc, "%.*s", z-z1, z1);
      pCol++;
      z = z1 = z2+1;
    }
    if( e==CIDX_PARSE_OPEN ) nParen++;
    if( e==CIDX_PARSE_CLOSE ) nParen--;
    z++;
  }

  return rc;

 parse_error:
  cidxCursorError(pCsr, "Parse error in: %s", zSql);
  return SQLITE_ERROR;
}

static int cidxLookupIndex(
  CidxCursor *pCsr,               /* Cursor object */
  const char *zIdx,               /* Name of index to look up */
  CidxIndex **ppIdx,              /* OUT: Description of columns */
  char **pzTab                    /* OUT: Table name */
){
................................................................................
  CidxIndex *pIdx = 0;

  sqlite3_stmt *pFindTab = 0;
  sqlite3_stmt *pInfo = 0;
    
  /* Find the table for this index. */
  pFindTab = cidxPrepare(&rc, pCsr, 
      "SELECT tbl_name, sql FROM sqlite_master WHERE name=%Q AND type='index'",
      zIdx
  );
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && sqlite3_step(pFindTab)==SQLITE_ROW ){
    const char *zSql = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pFindTab, 1);
    zTab = cidxStrdup(&rc, (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pFindTab, 0));

    pInfo = cidxPrepare(&rc, pCsr, "PRAGMA index_xinfo(%Q)", zIdx);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      int nAlloc = 0;
      int iCol = 0;

      while( sqlite3_step(pInfo)==SQLITE_ROW ){
        const char *zName = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pInfo, 2);
        const char *zColl = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pInfo, 4);
        CidxColumn *p;
        if( zName==0 ) zName = "rowid";
        if( iCol==nAlloc ){
          int nByte = sizeof(CidxIndex) + sizeof(CidxColumn)*(nAlloc+8);
          pIdx = (CidxIndex*)sqlite3_realloc(pIdx, nByte);
          nAlloc += 8;
        }
        p = &pIdx->aCol[iCol++];
        p->bDesc = sqlite3_column_int(pInfo, 3);
        p->bKey = sqlite3_column_int(pInfo, 5);
        if( zSql==0 || p->bKey==0 ){
          p->zExpr = cidxMprintf(&rc, "\"%w\" COLLATE %s",zName,zColl);
        }else{
          p->zExpr = 0;
        }
        pIdx->nCol = iCol;
      }
      cidxFinalize(&rc, pInfo);
    }

    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && zSql ){
      rc = cidxParseSQL(pCsr, pIdx, zSql);
    }
  }

  cidxFinalize(&rc, pFindTab);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && zTab==0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
  }























  
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3_free(zTab);
    cidxFreeIndex(pIdx);
  }else{
    *pzTab = zTab;
    *ppIdx = pIdx;
................................................................................
  int *pRc, CidxColumn *aCol, char **azAfter, int iGt, int bLastIsNull
){
  char *zRet = 0;
  const char *zSep = "";
  int i;

  for(i=0; i<iGt; i++){
    zRet = cidxMprintf(pRc, "%z%s(%s) IS %s", zRet, 
        zSep, aCol[i].zExpr, (azAfter[i] ? azAfter[i] : "NULL")
    );
    zSep = " AND ";
  }

  if( bLastIsNull ){
    zRet = cidxMprintf(pRc, "%z%s(%s) IS NULL", zRet, zSep, aCol[iGt].zExpr);
  }
  else if( azAfter[iGt] ){
    zRet = cidxMprintf(pRc, "%z%s(%s) %s %s", zRet, 
        zSep, aCol[iGt].zExpr, (aCol[iGt].bDesc ? "<" : ">"), 
        azAfter[iGt]
    );
  }else{
    zRet = cidxMprintf(pRc, "%z%s(%s) IS NOT NULL", zRet, zSep,aCol[iGt].zExpr);
  }

  return zRet;
}

#define CIDX_CLIST_ALL         0
#define CIDX_CLIST_ORDERBY     1
................................................................................
  int *pRc,                       /* IN/OUT: Error code */
  const char *zIdx,
  CidxIndex *pIdx,                /* Indexed columns */
  int eType                       /* True to include ASC/DESC */
){
  char *zRet = 0;
  if( *pRc==SQLITE_OK ){
    const char *aDir[2] = {"", " DESC"};
    int i;
    const char *zSep = "";

    for(i=0; i<pIdx->nCol; i++){
      CidxColumn *p = &pIdx->aCol[i];
      assert( pIdx->aCol[i].bDesc==0 || pIdx->aCol[i].bDesc==1 );
      switch( eType ){

        case CIDX_CLIST_ORDERBY:
          zRet = cidxMprintf(pRc, "%z%s%d%s", zRet, zSep, i+1, aDir[p->bDesc]);
          zSep = ",";
          break;

        case CIDX_CLIST_CURRENT_KEY:
          zRet = cidxMprintf(pRc, "%z%squote(i%d)", zRet, zSep, i);
          zSep = "||','||";
          break;

        case CIDX_CLIST_SUBWHERE:
          if( p->bKey==0 ){
            zRet = cidxMprintf(pRc, "%z%s%s IS i.i%d", zRet, 
                zSep, p->zExpr, i
            );
            zSep = " AND ";
          }
          break;

        case CIDX_CLIST_SUBEXPR:
          if( p->bKey==1 ){
            zRet = cidxMprintf(pRc, "%z%s%s IS i.i%d", zRet, 
                zSep, p->zExpr, i
            );
            zSep = " AND ";
          }
          break;

        default:
          assert( eType==CIDX_CLIST_ALL );
          zRet = cidxMprintf(pRc, "%z%s(%s) AS i%d", zRet, zSep, p->zExpr, i);
          zSep = ", ";
          break;
      }
    }
  }

  return zRet;
}
................................................................................

    rc = cidxLookupIndex(pCsr, zIdxName, &pIdx, &zTab);

    zOrderBy = cidxColumnList(&rc, zIdxName, pIdx, CIDX_CLIST_ORDERBY);
    zCurrentKey = cidxColumnList(&rc, zIdxName, pIdx, CIDX_CLIST_CURRENT_KEY);
    zSubWhere = cidxColumnList(&rc, zIdxName, pIdx, CIDX_CLIST_SUBWHERE);
    zSubExpr = cidxColumnList(&rc, zIdxName, pIdx, CIDX_CLIST_SUBEXPR);
    zSrcList = cidxColumnList(&rc, zIdxName, pIdx, CIDX_CLIST_ALL);

    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && zAfterKey ){
      rc = cidxDecodeAfter(pCsr, pIdx->nCol, zAfterKey, &azAfter);
    }

    if( rc || zAfterKey==0 ){
      pCsr->pStmt = cidxPrepare(&rc, pCsr, 
          "SELECT (SELECT %s FROM %Q AS t WHERE %s), %s "
          "FROM (SELECT %s FROM %Q ORDER BY %s) AS i",
          zSubExpr, zTab, zSubWhere, zCurrentKey, 
          zSrcList, zTab, zOrderBy
      );
      /* printf("SQL: %s\n", sqlite3_sql(pCsr->pStmt)); */
    }else{

      const char *zSep = "";
      char *zSql;
      int i;

      zSql = cidxMprintf(&rc, 
          "SELECT (SELECT %s FROM %Q WHERE %s), %s FROM (",
          zSubExpr, zTab, zSubWhere, zCurrentKey
      );
      for(i=pIdx->nCol-1; i>=0; i--){
        int j;
        if( pIdx->aCol[i].bDesc && azAfter[i]==0 ) continue;
        for(j=0; j<2; j++){
          char *zWhere = cidxWhere(&rc, pIdx->aCol, azAfter, i, j);
          zSql = cidxMprintf(&rc, "%z"
              "%sSELECT * FROM (SELECT %s FROM %Q WHERE %z ORDER BY %s)",
              zSql, zSep, zSrcList, zTab, zWhere, zOrderBy
          );
          zSep = " UNION ALL ";
          if( pIdx->aCol[i].bDesc==0 ) break;
        }
      }
      zSql = cidxMprintf(&rc, "%z) AS i", zSql);


      /* printf("SQL: %s\n", zSql); */
      pCsr->pStmt = cidxPrepare(&rc, pCsr, "%z", zSql);
    }

    sqlite3_free(zTab);
    sqlite3_free(zCurrentKey);
    sqlite3_free(zOrderBy);
    sqlite3_free(zSubWhere);
    sqlite3_free(zSubExpr);
    sqlite3_free(zSrcList);
    cidxFreeIndex(pIdx);
    sqlite3_free(azAfter);
  }

  if( pCsr->pStmt ){
    assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );
    rc = cidxNext(pCursor);

Changes to test/checkindex.test.

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do_index_check_test 4.3 t4cc {
  {} 'aaa','bbb',1 
  {row data mismatch} 'AAA','CCC',2 
  {row missing} 'aab','ddd',3 
  {} 'AAB','EEE',4
}





























































finish_test








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do_index_check_test 4.3 t4cc {
  {} 'aaa','bbb',1 
  {row data mismatch} 'AAA','CCC',2 
  {row missing} 'aab','ddd',3 
  {} 'AAB','EEE',4
}

#--------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Test an index on an expression.
#
do_execsql_test 5.0 {
  CREATE TABLE t5(x INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, y TEXT, UNIQUE(y));
  INSERT INTO t5 VALUES(1, '{"x":1, "y":1}');
  INSERT INTO t5 VALUES(2, '{"x":2, "y":2}');
  INSERT INTO t5 VALUES(3, '{"x":3, "y":3}');
  INSERT INTO t5 VALUES(4, '{"w":4, "z":4}');
  INSERT INTO t5 VALUES(5, '{"x":5, "y":5}');

  CREATE INDEX t5x ON t5( json_extract(y, '$.x') );
  CREATE INDEX t5y ON t5( json_extract(y, '$.y') DESC );
}

do_index_check_test 5.1.1 t5x {
  {} NULL,4 {} 1,1 {} 2,2 {} 3,3 {} 5,5
}

do_index_check_test 5.1.2 t5y {
  {} 5,5 {} 3,3 {} 2,2 {} 1,1 {} NULL,4
}

do_index_check_test 5.1.3 sqlite_autoindex_t5_1 {
  {} {'{"w":4, "z":4}',4} 
  {} {'{"x":1, "y":1}',1} 
  {} {'{"x":2, "y":2}',2} 
  {} {'{"x":3, "y":3}',3} 
  {} {'{"x":5, "y":5}',5}
}

do_test 5.2 {
  set tblroot [db one { SELECT rootpage FROM sqlite_master WHERE name='t5' }]
  sqlite3_test_control SQLITE_TESTCTRL_IMPOSTER db main 1 $tblroot
  db eval {CREATE TABLE xt5(a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, c1 TEXT);}
  sqlite3_test_control SQLITE_TESTCTRL_IMPOSTER db main 0 0
  execsql {
    UPDATE xt5 SET c1='{"x":22, "y":11}' WHERE rowid=1;
    DELETE FROM xt5 WHERE rowid = 4;
  }
  sqlite3_test_control SQLITE_TESTCTRL_IMPOSTER db main 0 1
} {}

do_index_check_test 5.3.1 t5x {
  {row missing} NULL,4 
  {row data mismatch} 1,1 
  {} 2,2 
  {} 3,3 
  {} 5,5
}

do_index_check_test 5.3.2 sqlite_autoindex_t5_1 {
  {row missing} {'{"w":4, "z":4}',4} 
  {row data mismatch} {'{"x":1, "y":1}',1} 
  {} {'{"x":2, "y":2}',2} 
  {} {'{"x":3, "y":3}',3} 
  {} {'{"x":5, "y":5}',5}
}


finish_test