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SHA1 Hash:39ac79cffe716f88af0871bdd206231b6a6511ff
Date: 2014-04-04 18:37:36
User: drh
Comment:Merge the latest trunk changes into the threads branch.
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Changes to src/pager.c

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  u32 cksum = 0;                   /* Checksum of string zMaster */

  assert( pPager->setMaster==0 );
  assert( !pagerUseWal(pPager) );

  if( !zMaster 
   || pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_MEMORY 
   || pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF 
  ){
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  pPager->setMaster = 1;
  assert( isOpen(pPager->jfd) );
  assert( pPager->journalHdr <= pPager->journalOff );

  /* Calculate the length in bytes and the checksum of zMaster */
  for(nMaster=0; zMaster[nMaster]; nMaster++){
    cksum += zMaster[nMaster];
  }








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  u32 cksum = 0;                   /* Checksum of string zMaster */

  assert( pPager->setMaster==0 );
  assert( !pagerUseWal(pPager) );

  if( !zMaster 
   || pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_MEMORY 
   || !isOpen(pPager->jfd)
  ){
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  pPager->setMaster = 1;

  assert( pPager->journalHdr <= pPager->journalOff );

  /* Calculate the length in bytes and the checksum of zMaster */
  for(nMaster=0; zMaster[nMaster]; nMaster++){
    cksum += zMaster[nMaster];
  }

Changes to src/where.c

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      WhereLoop *p = pWInfo->pLoops;
      pWInfo->pLoops = p->pNextLoop;
      whereLoopDelete(db, p);
    }
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pWInfo);
  }
}

/*






















































































































** Insert or replace a WhereLoop entry using the template supplied.
**
** An existing WhereLoop entry might be overwritten if the new template
** is better and has fewer dependencies.  Or the template will be ignored
** and no insert will occur if an existing WhereLoop is faster and has
** fewer dependencies than the template.  Otherwise a new WhereLoop is
** added based on the template.
**
** If pBuilder->pOrSet is not NULL then we only care about only the
** prerequisites and rRun and nOut costs of the N best loops.  That
** information is gathered in the pBuilder->pOrSet object.  This special
** processing mode is used only for OR clause processing.
**
** When accumulating multiple loops (when pBuilder->pOrSet is NULL) we
** still might overwrite similar loops with the new template if the
** template is better.  Loops may be overwritten if the following 
** conditions are met:
**
**    (1)  They have the same iTab.
**    (2)  They have the same iSortIdx.
**    (3)  The template has same or fewer dependencies than the current loop
**    (4)  The template has the same or lower cost than the current loop
**    (5)  The template uses more terms of the same index but has no additional
**         dependencies          
*/
static int whereLoopInsert(WhereLoopBuilder *pBuilder, WhereLoop *pTemplate){
  WhereLoop **ppPrev, *p, *pNext = 0;
  WhereInfo *pWInfo = pBuilder->pWInfo;
  sqlite3 *db = pWInfo->pParse->db;

  /* If pBuilder->pOrSet is defined, then only keep track of the costs
  ** and prereqs.
  */
  if( pBuilder->pOrSet!=0 ){
................................................................................
      sqlite3DebugPrintf(x?"   or-%d:  ":"   or-X:  ", n);
      whereLoopPrint(pTemplate, pBuilder->pWC);
    }
#endif
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

  /* Search for an existing WhereLoop to overwrite, or which takes
  ** priority over pTemplate.
  */

  for(ppPrev=&pWInfo->pLoops, p=*ppPrev; p; ppPrev=&p->pNextLoop, p=*ppPrev){
    if( p->iTab!=pTemplate->iTab || p->iSortIdx!=pTemplate->iSortIdx ){
      /* If either the iTab or iSortIdx values for two WhereLoop are different
      ** then those WhereLoops need to be considered separately.  Neither is
      ** a candidate to replace the other. */
      continue;
    }





    /* In the current implementation, the rSetup value is either zero
    ** or the cost of building an automatic index (NlogN) and the NlogN
    ** is the same for compatible WhereLoops. */
    assert( p->rSetup==0 || pTemplate->rSetup==0 
                 || p->rSetup==pTemplate->rSetup );

    /* whereLoopAddBtree() always generates and inserts the automatic index
    ** case first.  Hence compatible candidate WhereLoops never have a larger
    ** rSetup. Call this SETUP-INVARIANT */
    assert( p->rSetup>=pTemplate->rSetup );

    if( (p->prereq & pTemplate->prereq)==p->prereq
     && p->rSetup<=pTemplate->rSetup
     && p->rRun<=pTemplate->rRun
     && p->nOut<=pTemplate->nOut
    ){
      /* This branch taken when p is equal or better than pTemplate in 
      ** all of (1) dependencies (2) setup-cost, (3) run-cost, and
      ** (4) number of output rows. */
      assert( p->rSetup==pTemplate->rSetup );
      if( p->prereq==pTemplate->prereq
       && p->nLTerm<pTemplate->nLTerm
       && (p->wsFlags & pTemplate->wsFlags & WHERE_INDEXED)!=0
       && (p->u.btree.pIndex==pTemplate->u.btree.pIndex
          || pTemplate->rRun+p->nLTerm<=p->rRun+pTemplate->nLTerm)
      ){
        /* Overwrite an existing WhereLoop with an similar one that uses
        ** more terms of the index */
        pNext = p->pNextLoop;
        break;


      }else{
        /* pTemplate is not helpful.
        ** Return without changing or adding anything */
        goto whereLoopInsert_noop;
      }
    }
    if( (p->prereq & pTemplate->prereq)==pTemplate->prereq
     && p->rRun>=pTemplate->rRun
     && p->nOut>=pTemplate->nOut
    ){
      /* Overwrite an existing WhereLoop with a better one: one that is
      ** better at one of (1) dependencies, (2) setup-cost, (3) run-cost
      ** or (4) number of output rows, and is no worse in any of those
      ** categories. */
      assert( p->rSetup>=pTemplate->rSetup ); /* SETUP-INVARIANT above */
      pNext = p->pNextLoop;
      break;
    }

  }

  /* If we reach this point it means that either p[] should be overwritten
  ** with pTemplate[] if p[] exists, or if p==NULL then allocate a new
  ** WhereLoop and insert it.
  */
#if WHERETRACE_ENABLED /* 0x8 */
................................................................................
      whereLoopPrint(p, pBuilder->pWC);
    }
    sqlite3DebugPrintf("ins-new:  ");
    whereLoopPrint(pTemplate, pBuilder->pWC);
  }
#endif
  if( p==0 ){

    p = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, sizeof(WhereLoop));
    if( p==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    whereLoopInit(p);

















  }




  whereLoopXfer(db, p, pTemplate);
  p->pNextLoop = pNext;
  *ppPrev = p;
  if( (p->wsFlags & WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE)==0 ){
    Index *pIndex = p->u.btree.pIndex;
    if( pIndex && pIndex->tnum==0 ){
      p->u.btree.pIndex = 0;
    }
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;

  /* Jump here if the insert is a no-op */
whereLoopInsert_noop:
#if WHERETRACE_ENABLED /* 0x8 */
  if( sqlite3WhereTrace & 0x8 ){
    sqlite3DebugPrintf("ins-noop: ");
    whereLoopPrint(pTemplate, pBuilder->pWC);
  }
#endif
  return SQLITE_OK;  
}

/*
** Adjust the WhereLoop.nOut value downward to account for terms of the
** WHERE clause that reference the loop but which are not used by an
** index.
**









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      WhereLoop *p = pWInfo->pLoops;
      pWInfo->pLoops = p->pNextLoop;
      whereLoopDelete(db, p);
    }
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pWInfo);
  }
}

/*
** Return TRUE if the set of WHERE clause terms used by pA is a proper
** subset of the WHERE clause terms used by pB.
*/
static int whereLoopProperSubset(const WhereLoop *pA, const WhereLoop *pB){
  int i, j;
  assert( pA->nLTerm<pB->nLTerm );  /* Checked by calling function */
  for(j=0, i=pA->nLTerm-1; i>=0 && j>=0; i--){
    for(j=pB->nLTerm-1; j>=0; j--){
      if( pB->aLTerm[j]==pA->aLTerm[i] ) break;
    }
  }
  return j>=0;
}

/*
** Try to adjust the cost of WhereLoop pTemplate upwards or downwards so
** that:
**
**   (1) pTemplate costs less than any other WhereLoops that are a proper
**       subset of pTemplate
**
**   (2) pTemplate costs more than any other WhereLoops for which pTemplate
**       is a proper subset.
**
** To say "WhereLoop X is a proper subset of Y" means that X uses fewer
** WHERE clause terms than Y and that every WHERE clause term used by X is
** also used by Y.
*/
static void whereLoopAdjustCost(const WhereLoop *p, WhereLoop *pTemplate){
  if( (pTemplate->wsFlags & WHERE_INDEXED)==0 ) return;
  for(; p; p=p->pNextLoop){
    if( p->iTab!=pTemplate->iTab ) continue;
    if( (p->wsFlags & WHERE_INDEXED)==0 ) continue;
    if( p->nLTerm<pTemplate->nLTerm
     && (p->rRun<pTemplate->rRun || (p->rRun==pTemplate->rRun &&
                                     p->nOut<=pTemplate->nOut))
     && whereLoopProperSubset(p, pTemplate)
    ){
      pTemplate->rRun = p->rRun;
      pTemplate->nOut = p->nOut - 1;
    }else
    if( p->nLTerm>pTemplate->nLTerm
     && (p->rRun>pTemplate->rRun || (p->rRun==pTemplate->rRun &&
                                     p->nOut>=pTemplate->nOut))
     && whereLoopProperSubset(pTemplate, p)
    ){
      pTemplate->rRun = p->rRun;
      pTemplate->nOut = p->nOut + 1;
    }
  }
}

/*
** Search the list of WhereLoops in *ppPrev looking for one that can be
** supplanted by pTemplate.
**
** Return NULL if the WhereLoop list contains an entry that can supplant
** pTemplate, in other words if pTemplate does not belong on the list.
**
** If pX is a WhereLoop that pTemplate can supplant, then return the
** link that points to pX.
**
** If pTemplate cannot supplant any existing element of the list but needs
** to be added to the list, then return a pointer to the tail of the list.
*/
static WhereLoop **whereLoopFindLesser(
  WhereLoop **ppPrev,
  const WhereLoop *pTemplate
){
  WhereLoop *p;
  for(p=(*ppPrev); p; ppPrev=&p->pNextLoop, p=*ppPrev){
    if( p->iTab!=pTemplate->iTab || p->iSortIdx!=pTemplate->iSortIdx ){
      /* If either the iTab or iSortIdx values for two WhereLoop are different
      ** then those WhereLoops need to be considered separately.  Neither is
      ** a candidate to replace the other. */
      continue;
    }
    /* In the current implementation, the rSetup value is either zero
    ** or the cost of building an automatic index (NlogN) and the NlogN
    ** is the same for compatible WhereLoops. */
    assert( p->rSetup==0 || pTemplate->rSetup==0 
                 || p->rSetup==pTemplate->rSetup );

    /* whereLoopAddBtree() always generates and inserts the automatic index
    ** case first.  Hence compatible candidate WhereLoops never have a larger
    ** rSetup. Call this SETUP-INVARIANT */
    assert( p->rSetup>=pTemplate->rSetup );

    /* If existing WhereLoop p is better than pTemplate, pTemplate can be
    ** discarded.  WhereLoop p is better if:
    **   (1)  p has no more dependencies than pTemplate, and
    **   (2)  p has an equal or lower cost than pTemplate
    */
    if( (p->prereq & pTemplate->prereq)==p->prereq    /* (1)  */
     && p->rSetup<=pTemplate->rSetup                  /* (2a) */
     && p->rRun<=pTemplate->rRun                      /* (2b) */
     && p->nOut<=pTemplate->nOut                      /* (2c) */
    ){
      return 0;  /* Discard pTemplate */
    }

    /* If pTemplate is always better than p, then cause p to be overwritten
    ** with pTemplate.  pTemplate is better than p if:
    **   (1)  pTemplate has no more dependences than p, and
    **   (2)  pTemplate has an equal or lower cost than p.
    */
    if( (p->prereq & pTemplate->prereq)==pTemplate->prereq   /* (1)  */
     && p->rRun>=pTemplate->rRun                             /* (2a) */
     && p->nOut>=pTemplate->nOut                             /* (2b) */
    ){
      assert( p->rSetup>=pTemplate->rSetup ); /* SETUP-INVARIANT above */
      break;   /* Cause p to be overwritten by pTemplate */
    }
  }
  return ppPrev;
}

/*
** Insert or replace a WhereLoop entry using the template supplied.
**
** An existing WhereLoop entry might be overwritten if the new template
** is better and has fewer dependencies.  Or the template will be ignored
** and no insert will occur if an existing WhereLoop is faster and has
** fewer dependencies than the template.  Otherwise a new WhereLoop is
** added based on the template.
**
** If pBuilder->pOrSet is not NULL then we care about only the
** prerequisites and rRun and nOut costs of the N best loops.  That
** information is gathered in the pBuilder->pOrSet object.  This special
** processing mode is used only for OR clause processing.
**
** When accumulating multiple loops (when pBuilder->pOrSet is NULL) we
** still might overwrite similar loops with the new template if the
** new template is better.  Loops may be overwritten if the following 
** conditions are met:
**
**    (1)  They have the same iTab.
**    (2)  They have the same iSortIdx.
**    (3)  The template has same or fewer dependencies than the current loop
**    (4)  The template has the same or lower cost than the current loop


*/
static int whereLoopInsert(WhereLoopBuilder *pBuilder, WhereLoop *pTemplate){
  WhereLoop **ppPrev, *p;
  WhereInfo *pWInfo = pBuilder->pWInfo;
  sqlite3 *db = pWInfo->pParse->db;

  /* If pBuilder->pOrSet is defined, then only keep track of the costs
  ** and prereqs.
  */
  if( pBuilder->pOrSet!=0 ){
................................................................................
      sqlite3DebugPrintf(x?"   or-%d:  ":"   or-X:  ", n);
      whereLoopPrint(pTemplate, pBuilder->pWC);
    }
#endif
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

  /* Look for an existing WhereLoop to replace with pTemplate

  */
  whereLoopAdjustCost(pWInfo->pLoops, pTemplate);
  ppPrev = whereLoopFindLesser(&pWInfo->pLoops, pTemplate);






  if( ppPrev==0 ){
    /* There already exists a WhereLoop on the list that is better
    ** than pTemplate, so just ignore pTemplate */
#if WHERETRACE_ENABLED /* 0x8 */
    if( sqlite3WhereTrace & 0x8 ){
      sqlite3DebugPrintf("ins-noop: ");
      whereLoopPrint(pTemplate, pBuilder->pWC);



    }
























#endif
    return SQLITE_OK;  
  }else{

















    p = *ppPrev;
  }

  /* If we reach this point it means that either p[] should be overwritten
  ** with pTemplate[] if p[] exists, or if p==NULL then allocate a new
  ** WhereLoop and insert it.
  */
#if WHERETRACE_ENABLED /* 0x8 */
................................................................................
      whereLoopPrint(p, pBuilder->pWC);
    }
    sqlite3DebugPrintf("ins-new:  ");
    whereLoopPrint(pTemplate, pBuilder->pWC);
  }
#endif
  if( p==0 ){
    /* Allocate a new WhereLoop to add to the end of the list */
    *ppPrev = p = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, sizeof(WhereLoop));
    if( p==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    whereLoopInit(p);
    p->pNextLoop = 0;
  }else{
    /* We will be overwriting WhereLoop p[].  But before we do, first
    ** go through the rest of the list and delete any other entries besides
    ** p[] that are also supplated by pTemplate */
    WhereLoop **ppTail = &p->pNextLoop;
    WhereLoop *pToDel;
    while( *ppTail ){
      ppTail = whereLoopFindLesser(ppTail, pTemplate);
      if( NEVER(ppTail==0) ) break;
      pToDel = *ppTail;
      if( pToDel==0 ) break;
      *ppTail = pToDel->pNextLoop;
#if WHERETRACE_ENABLED /* 0x8 */
      if( sqlite3WhereTrace & 0x8 ){
        sqlite3DebugPrintf("ins-del: ");
        whereLoopPrint(pToDel, pBuilder->pWC);
      }
#endif
      whereLoopDelete(db, pToDel);
    }
  }
  whereLoopXfer(db, p, pTemplate);


  if( (p->wsFlags & WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE)==0 ){
    Index *pIndex = p->u.btree.pIndex;
    if( pIndex && pIndex->tnum==0 ){
      p->u.btree.pIndex = 0;
    }
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;










}

/*
** Adjust the WhereLoop.nOut value downward to account for terms of the
** WHERE clause that reference the loop but which are not used by an
** index.
**

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  } [wal_file_size 1 1024]
}

db close
sqlite3_shutdown
test_sqlite3_log
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  } [wal_file_size 1 1024]
}

db close
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# Make sure PRAGMA journal_mode=WAL works with ATTACHED databases in
# all journal modes.
#
foreach mode {OFF MEMORY PERSIST DELETE TRUNCATE WAL} {
  delete_file test.db test2.db
  sqlite3 db test.db
  do_test wal-25.$mode {
    db eval "PRAGMA journal_mode=$mode"
    db eval {ATTACH 'test2.db' AS t2; PRAGMA journal_mode=WAL;}
  } {wal}
  db close
}

finish_test

Added test/whereH.test























































































































































































































































































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# 2014-03-31
#
# The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
# a legal notice, here is a blessing:
#
#    May you do good and not evil.
#    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
#    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
#
#***********************************************************************
# 
# Test cases for query planning decisions where one candidate index
# covers a proper superset of the WHERE clause terms of another
# candidate index.
#

set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl

do_execsql_test whereH-1.1 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(a,b,c,d);
  CREATE INDEX t1abc ON t1(a,b,c);
  CREATE INDEX t1bc ON t1(b,c);

  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
  SELECT d FROM t1 WHERE a=? AND b=? AND c>=? ORDER BY c;
} {/INDEX t1abc /}
do_execsql_test whereH-1.2 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
  SELECT d FROM t1 WHERE a=? AND b=? AND c>=? ORDER BY c;
} {~/TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY/}

do_execsql_test whereH-2.1 {
  DROP TABLE t1;
  CREATE TABLE t1(a,b,c,d);
  CREATE INDEX t1bc ON t1(b,c);
  CREATE INDEX t1abc ON t1(a,b,c);

  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
  SELECT d FROM t1 WHERE a=? AND b=? AND c>=? ORDER BY c;
} {/INDEX t1abc /}
do_execsql_test whereH-2.2 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
  SELECT d FROM t1 WHERE a=? AND b=? AND c>=? ORDER BY c;
} {~/TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY/}

do_execsql_test whereH-3.1 {
  DROP TABLE t1;
  CREATE TABLE t1(a,b,c,d,e);
  CREATE INDEX t1cd ON t1(c,d);
  CREATE INDEX t1bcd ON t1(b,c,d);
  CREATE INDEX t1abcd ON t1(a,b,c,d);

  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
  SELECT d FROM t1 WHERE a=? AND b=? AND c=? AND d>=? ORDER BY d;
} {/INDEX t1abcd /}
do_execsql_test whereH-3.2 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
  SELECT d FROM t1 WHERE a=? AND b=? AND c=? AND d>=? ORDER BY d;
} {~/TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY/}

do_execsql_test whereH-4.1 {
  DROP TABLE t1;
  CREATE TABLE t1(a,b,c,d,e);
  CREATE INDEX t1cd ON t1(c,d);
  CREATE INDEX t1abcd ON t1(a,b,c,d);
  CREATE INDEX t1bcd ON t1(b,c,d);

  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
  SELECT d FROM t1 WHERE a=? AND b=? AND c=? AND d>=? ORDER BY d;
} {/INDEX t1abcd /}
do_execsql_test whereH-4.2 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
  SELECT d FROM t1 WHERE a=? AND b=? AND c=? AND d>=? ORDER BY d;
} {~/TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY/}

do_execsql_test whereH-5.1 {
  DROP TABLE t1;
  CREATE TABLE t1(a,b,c,d,e);
  CREATE INDEX t1bcd ON t1(b,c,d);
  CREATE INDEX t1cd ON t1(c,d);
  CREATE INDEX t1abcd ON t1(a,b,c,d);

  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
  SELECT d FROM t1 WHERE a=? AND b=? AND c=? AND d>=? ORDER BY d;
} {/INDEX t1abcd /}
do_execsql_test whereH-5.2 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
  SELECT d FROM t1 WHERE a=? AND b=? AND c=? AND d>=? ORDER BY d;
} {~/TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY/}

do_execsql_test whereH-6.1 {
  DROP TABLE t1;
  CREATE TABLE t1(a,b,c,d,e);
  CREATE INDEX t1bcd ON t1(b,c,d);
  CREATE INDEX t1abcd ON t1(a,b,c,d);
  CREATE INDEX t1cd ON t1(c,d);

  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
  SELECT d FROM t1 WHERE a=? AND b=? AND c=? AND d>=? ORDER BY d;
} {/INDEX t1abcd /}
do_execsql_test whereH-6.2 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
  SELECT d FROM t1 WHERE a=? AND b=? AND c=? AND d>=? ORDER BY d;
} {~/TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY/}

do_execsql_test whereH-7.1 {
  DROP TABLE t1;
  CREATE TABLE t1(a,b,c,d,e);
  CREATE INDEX t1abcd ON t1(a,b,c,d);
  CREATE INDEX t1bcd ON t1(b,c,d);
  CREATE INDEX t1cd ON t1(c,d);

  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
  SELECT d FROM t1 WHERE a=? AND b=? AND c=? AND d>=? ORDER BY d;
} {/INDEX t1abcd /}
do_execsql_test whereH-7.2 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
  SELECT d FROM t1 WHERE a=? AND b=? AND c=? AND d>=? ORDER BY d;
} {~/TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY/}

do_execsql_test whereH-8.1 {
  DROP TABLE t1;
  CREATE TABLE t1(a,b,c,d,e);
  CREATE INDEX t1abcd ON t1(a,b,c,d);
  CREATE INDEX t1cd ON t1(c,d);
  CREATE INDEX t1bcd ON t1(b,c,d);

  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
  SELECT d FROM t1 WHERE a=? AND b=? AND c=? AND d>=? ORDER BY d;
} {/INDEX t1abcd /}
do_execsql_test whereH-8.2 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
  SELECT d FROM t1 WHERE a=? AND b=? AND c=? AND d>=? ORDER BY d;
} {~/TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY/}



finish_test