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Overview
Comment:Check in the 3.7.9 release candidate SQLite amalgamation.
Timelines: family | ancestors | descendants | both | trunk
Files: files | file ages | folders
SHA1:9a5a8acdb790d5b68db40ccb85d320f0b94ce796
User & Date: drh 2011-10-29 18:39:05
Context
2012-01-11
18:07
Update the built-in SQLite to the 3.7.10 beta. check-in: 9351002d37 user: drh tags: trunk
2011-10-29
18:39
Check in the 3.7.9 release candidate SQLite amalgamation. check-in: 9a5a8acdb7 user: drh tags: trunk
2011-09-17
18:03
Update the built-in SQLite amalgamation to the latest 3.7.8 beta. check-in: b568f2d8e4 user: drh tags: trunk
Changes
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52210


52211
52212
52213
52214
52215
52216
52217
52218
52219
52220
.....
52805
52806
52807
52808
52809
52810
52811
52812
52813
52814
52815
52816
52817
52818
52819
.....
52823
52824
52825
52826
52827
52828
52829
52830
52831
52832
52833
52834
52835
52836
52837
.....
53088
53089
53090
53091
53092
53093
53094


53095
53096
53097
53098
53099
53100
53101
.....
54215
54216
54217
54218
54219
54220
54221
54222
54223
54224
54225
54226
54227


54228
54229
54230
54231
54232
54233
54234
54235
.....
54641
54642
54643
54644
54645
54646
54647

54648
54649
54650
54651
54652
54653
54654
.....
56983
56984
56985
56986
56987
56988
56989
56990
56991
56992
56993
56994
56995
56996
56997
56998
56999
57000
57001
57002
57003
57004
.....
57109
57110
57111
57112
57113
57114
57115

57116
57117
57118







57119
57120
57121
57122
57123
57124
57125
.....
57136
57137
57138
57139
57140
57141
57142


57143
57144

57145
57146
57147
57148
57149
57150
57151
.....
58172
58173
58174
58175
58176
58177
58178
58179
58180
58181
58182
58183
58184
58185
58186
58187
58188
58189
58190
.....
58875
58876
58877
58878
58879
58880
58881
58882
58883
58884
58885
58886
58887
58888
58889
58890
.....
59081
59082
59083
59084
59085
59086
59087
59088
59089
59090
59091
59092
59093

59094






59095
59096
59097
59098
59099
59100
59101
59102
59103
59104
59105
59106
59107
59108
59109
59110
59111
59112
59113
59114
59115
59116
59117
59118
.....
59442
59443
59444
59445
59446
59447
59448
59449
59450
59451
59452
59453
59454
59455
59456
59457
59458
59459

59460
59461
59462
59463
59464
59465
59466
.....
59607
59608
59609
59610
59611
59612
59613

59614
59615
59616
59617
59618
59619
59620
.....
60608
60609
60610
60611
60612
60613
60614
























60615
60616
60617
60618
60619
60620
60621
.....
60636
60637
60638
60639
60640
60641
60642
60643
60644
60645
60646
60647
60648
60649
60650
60651
60652
60653
60654
60655
60656
60657
60658
60659
60660
60661
.....
61362
61363
61364
61365
61366
61367
61368
61369
61370
61371
61372
61373
61374
61375
61376
.....
61437
61438
61439
61440
61441
61442
61443
61444
61445
61446
61447
61448
61449
61450
61451
.....
61993
61994
61995
61996
61997
61998
61999
62000
62001
62002
62003
62004
62005
62006
62007
.....
65713
65714
65715
65716
65717
65718
65719
65720
65721
65722
65723
65724
65725
65726
65727
65728
65729
65730
65731
65732
65733
65734
65735
65736
.....
67774
67775
67776
67777
67778
67779
67780
67781
67782
67783
67784
67785
67786
67787
67788
67789
67790
67791
67792
67793
67794
67795
.....
67893
67894
67895
67896
67897
67898
67899
67900
67901
67902

67903
67904
67905
67906
67907
67908
67909
.....
69096
69097
69098
69099
69100
69101
69102
69103
69104
69105
69106
69107
69108
69109
69110
.....
69531
69532
69533
69534
69535
69536
69537





69538
69539
69540
69541
69542
69543
69544
69545
69546
69547
69548
.....
71892
71893
71894
71895
71896
71897
71898


















71899
71900
71901
71902
71903
71904
71905
.....
71984
71985
71986
71987
71988
71989
71990
71991







71992
71993
71994
71995
71996
71997
71998
71999
72000
72001
72002
72003
72004
72005
72006
72007
72008
72009
72010
72011
72012
72013
72014
72015
72016
72017
72018
72019
72020
72021
72022
72023
72024
72025
.....
73418
73419
73420
73421
73422
73423
73424

73425
73426
73427
73428
73429
73430
73431
73432
.....
74457
74458
74459
74460
74461
74462
74463
74464
74465
74466


74467
74468








74469
74470
74471
74472
74473
74474
74475
.....
76468
76469
76470
76471
76472
76473
76474
76475
76476
76477
76478
76479
76480
76481
76482
.....
77611
77612
77613
77614
77615
77616
77617






































































































77618
77619
77620
77621
77622
77623
77624
77625
77626
77627
77628
77629
77630
77631
77632
77633
77634
77635
77636
77637
77638
77639
77640
.....
77642
77643
77644
77645
77646
77647
77648
77649
77650
77651
77652
77653
77654
77655
77656
77657
.....
77659
77660
77661
77662
77663
77664
77665



77666
77667
77668
77669
77670
77671
77672
.....
77689
77690
77691
77692
77693
77694
77695
77696
77697
77698
77699
77700
77701
77702




























































































































































































































77703
77704
77705
77706
77707
77708
77709
.....
77719
77720
77721
77722
77723
77724
77725
77726















77727
77728
77729
77730
77731
77732
77733
77734
77735
77736
77737
77738
77739
77740
77741
77742
77743
77744
77745
77746
.....
77765
77766
77767
77768
77769
77770
77771


77772
77773

77774


77775
77776
77777
77778
77779
77780
77781
.....
77782
77783
77784
77785
77786
77787
77788
77789
77790

77791
77792
77793
77794
77795
77796
77797
77798
77799
77800
77801
77802
77803
77804
77805
77806
77807
77808
77809
77810
77811
77812
77813




77814
77815
77816
77817
77818
77819
77820
.....
77836
77837
77838
77839
77840
77841
77842
77843
77844
77845
77846
77847
77848
77849
77850
77851
77852
77853
77854
77855
77856
77857
77858
77859
77860
77861
77862
77863
77864
77865
77866
77867
77868
77869
77870
77871
77872
77873
77874
77875
77876
77877
77878
77879
77880
77881
77882
77883
77884
77885
77886
77887
77888





77889
77890
77891
77892
77893
77894
77895
77896
77897
77898
77899
77900
77901









77902
77903
77904
77905
77906

77907
77908

77909

77910
77911





























77912
77913
77914
77915
77916
77917
77918
.....
77924
77925
77926
77927
77928
77929
77930
77931
77932
77933
77934
77935
77936
77937
77938
77939
77940
77941
77942
77943
77944
77945
77946
77947
77948
77949
77950
77951
77952
77953
77954
77955
77956
77957
77958
77959
77960
77961
77962
77963
77964
77965
77966
77967
77968
77969
77970

77971
77972
77973
77974
77975
77976
77977
.....
77988
77989
77990
77991
77992
77993
77994
77995
77996
77997
77998
77999
78000
78001
78002
.....
78013
78014
78015
78016
78017
78018
78019
78020
78021
78022
78023
78024
78025
78026
78027
.....
78118
78119
78120
78121
78122
78123
78124
78125
78126
78127
78128
78129
78130
78131
78132
.....
78161
78162
78163
78164
78165
78166
78167
78168
78169
78170
78171
78172
78173
78174
78175
78176
78177




78178
78179
78180
78181
78182
78183
78184

78185































































































































78186
78187
78188
78189
78190
78191
78192
78193
78194
78195
78196
78197
78198
78199
78200
78201
78202
78203
78204
.....
78212
78213
78214
78215
78216
78217
78218

78219
78220

78221
78222
78223
78224
78225
78226
78227
78228
78229
78230
78231
78232
78233
78234
78235
78236
78237
78238
78239
78240
78241
78242
78243
78244
78245
78246
78247
78248
78249
78250
78251
78252
78253
78254
78255
78256
78257
78258
78259
78260
78261
78262
78263
78264
78265
78266
78267
78268
78269
78270
78271
78272
78273
78274
78275
78276
78277
78278
78279
78280
78281
78282
78283
78284
78285
78286
78287
78288
78289
78290
78291
78292
78293
78294
78295
78296
78297
78298
78299
78300
78301
78302
78303
78304
78305
78306
78307
78308
78309
78310
78311
78312
78313
78314
78315
78316
78317
78318
78319
.....
81112
81113
81114
81115
81116
81117
81118
81119
81120
81121
81122
81123
81124
81125
81126
81127
81128
81129
81130

81131

81132
81133
81134
81135

81136
81137
81138
81139






































































81140
81141
81142
81143
81144
81145
81146
.....
81202
81203
81204
81205
81206
81207
81208
81209

81210
81211
81212
81213
81214
81215
81216
.....
81226
81227
81228
81229
81230
81231
81232
81233
81234
81235
81236
81237
81238
81239
81240
81241
81242
81243
81244
81245
81246
81247
81248
81249
81250
81251
81252
81253
81254
81255
81256
81257
81258
81259
81260
81261
81262
81263
81264
81265
81266
81267
81268
81269
81270
81271
81272
81273
81274
81275
81276
81277
81278
81279
81280
81281

81282
81283
81284
81285
81286
81287
81288
81289
81290
81291
81292
81293
81294
81295
81296
81297
81298
81299
81300
81301
.....
81455
81456
81457
81458
81459
81460
81461
81462
81463
81464
81465
81466
81467

81468

81469
81470
81471
81472
81473
81474
81475
.....
81495
81496
81497
81498
81499
81500
81501


81502
81503
81504
81505
81506
81507
81508
81509
81510
81511
81512

81513
81514
81515
81516
81517
81518
81519
.....
81525
81526
81527
81528
81529
81530
81531


81532
81533
81534
81535
81536
81537
81538
.....
81622
81623
81624
81625
81626
81627
81628

81629
81630
81631
81632
81633
81634
81635
.....
81649
81650
81651
81652
81653
81654
81655

81656
81657
81658
81659
81660
81661
81662
.....
81691
81692
81693
81694
81695
81696
81697

81698
81699
81700
81701
81702
81703
81704
.....
81770
81771
81772
81773
81774
81775
81776

81777
81778
81779
81780
81781
81782
81783
81784
81785
81786

81787
81788
81789
81790
81791
81792
81793
81794
81795
81796
81797
.....
82060
82061
82062
82063
82064
82065
82066
82067
82068
82069
82070
82071
82072
82073
82074
82075
82076
.....
82546
82547
82548
82549
82550
82551
82552
82553
82554
82555
82556
82557
82558
82559
82560
82561
82562
82563
82564
82565
82566
82567
82568
82569
82570
82571
82572
82573
82574
82575
82576
82577
82578
82579
82580
82581
82582
82583
82584
82585
82586
.....
84378
84379
84380
84381
84382
84383
84384
84385
84386
84387
84388
84389
84390
84391
84392
84393
84394
84395
84396
84397
84398
84399
84400
84401
84402
84403
84404
84405
84406
84407
84408
84409
84410
84411
84412
84413
84414
84415
84416
.....
86779
86780
86781
86782
86783
86784
86785

86786
86787
86788
86789
86790
86791
86792
.....
88622
88623
88624
88625
88626
88627
88628



88629
88630
88631
88632
88633
88634
88635
.....
88936
88937
88938
88939
88940
88941
88942
88943

88944

88945
88946
88947
88948
88949
88950
88951
.....
88962
88963
88964
88965
88966
88967
88968
88969

88970

88971



88972



88973
88974
88975
88976
88977
88978
88979
.....
89010
89011
89012
89013
89014
89015
89016
89017

89018
89019
89020
89021

89022
89023
89024
89025
89026

89027
89028
89029
89030
89031
89032
89033
.....
89041
89042
89043
89044
89045
89046
89047
89048

89049
89050
89051
89052
89053

89054
89055
89056


89057
89058
89059
89060
89061
89062
89063
.....
89085
89086
89087
89088
89089
89090
89091
89092




89093
89094
89095
89096
89097
89098
89099
.....
89699
89700
89701
89702
89703
89704
89705
89706
89707
89708
89709
89710
89711
89712
89713
.....
89736
89737
89738
89739
89740
89741
89742

89743
89744
89745
89746
89747
89748
89749
.....
90421
90422
90423
90424
90425
90426
90427
90428
90429
90430
90431
90432
90433
90434
90435
.....
90487
90488
90489
90490
90491
90492
90493
90494
90495


90496
90497
90498
90499
90500
90501
90502
.....
91032
91033
91034
91035
91036
91037
91038
91039
91040
91041
91042
91043
91044
91045
91046
.....
92407
92408
92409
92410
92411
92412
92413

92414
92415
92416
92417
92418
92419
92420
.....
92434
92435
92436
92437
92438
92439
92440

92441
92442
92443
92444
92445
92446
92447
.....
93612
93613
93614
93615
93616
93617
93618
93619



93620
93621
93622
93623
93624
93625
93626
.....
98610
98611
98612
98613
98614
98615
98616

98617
98618
98619
98620
98621
98622
98623
.....
98783
98784
98785
98786
98787
98788
98789

98790
98791
98792
98793
98794
98795
98796
.....
98970
98971
98972
98973
98974
98975
98976
98977
98978
98979
98980
98981
98982
98983
98984
.....
99188
99189
99190
99191
99192
99193
99194
99195
99196
99197

99198
99199
99200
99201
99202
99203
99204
99205
99206
99207
99208
......
100163
100164
100165
100166
100167
100168
100169
100170
100171
100172
100173
100174
100175
100176
100177
......
100178
100179
100180
100181
100182
100183
100184
100185
100186
100187
100188
100189
100190
100191
100192
......
100458
100459
100460
100461
100462
100463
100464
100465
100466
100467
100468
100469
100470
100471
100472
100473








100474
100475
100476
100477
100478

100479

100480
100481
100482
100483
100484
100485
100486
......
100601
100602
100603
100604
100605
100606
100607
100608

100609
100610
100611

100612
100613
100614
100615

100616
100617
100618
100619
100620
100621
100622
......
100924
100925
100926
100927
100928
100929
100930

100931
100932
100933
100934
100935
100936
100937
100938
100939
100940
100941
100942
100943
100944
100945
100946
100947
100948
100949
100950
100951
100952
100953
100954
100955
100956
100957
100958
100959
100960

100961
100962
100963
100964
100965
100966
100967
......
101030
101031
101032
101033
101034
101035
101036
101037
101038
101039
101040
101041
101042
101043
101044
......
101048
101049
101050
101051
101052
101053
101054
101055
101056
101057
101058
101059
101060
101061
101062
......
101217
101218
101219
101220
101221
101222
101223
101224
101225
101226
101227
101228
101229
101230
101231
......
101244
101245
101246
101247
101248
101249
101250
101251
101252
101253

101254
101255
101256
101257
101258
101259
101260
......
101680
101681
101682
101683
101684
101685
101686
101687
101688
101689
101690
101691
101692
101693
101694
101695
......
101719
101720
101721
101722
101723
101724
101725
101726
101727
101728
101729
101730
101731
101732
101733
......
102141
102142
102143
102144
102145
102146
102147
102148
102149
102150
102151



102152
102153
102154
102155
102156
102157
102158
......
102173
102174
102175
102176
102177
102178
102179

102180
102181

102182
102183
102184
102185
102186
102187
102188
......
102767
102768
102769
102770
102771
102772
102773

102774
102775
102776
102777
102778
102779
102780
102781
102782
102783
102784
102785
102786
102787
102788


102789
102790
102791
102792
102793
102794

102795
102796
102797
102798
102799
102800
102801
102802
102803







102804
102805



102806
102807
102808
102809
102810



















102811
102812

102813
102814
102815

102816
102817
102818
102819



102820

102821
102822
102823
102824
102825
102826







102827
102828
102829
102830
102831
102832
102833
102834
102835
102836
102837
102838
102839
102840
102841
......
102846
102847
102848
102849
102850
102851
102852
102853
102854
102855
102856
102857
102858
102859
102860
102861
102862
102863
102864
102865
......
102869
102870
102871
102872
102873
102874
102875


102876
102877
102878
102879
102880
102881
102882































102883
102884
102885
102886
102887
102888
102889
102890
102891
102892
......
102896
102897
102898
102899
102900
102901
102902
102903
102904
102905
102906
102907
102908
102909
102910
102911
102912
102913
102914
102915
102916
102917
102918
102919
102920
102921
......
102944
102945
102946
102947
102948
102949
102950
102951
102952
102953
102954
102955
102956
102957
102958
102959
102960
102961
102962
102963
102964
102965
102966
102967
102968
102969
102970
102971
102972
102973
102974
102975
102976
102977
102978
102979
102980
102981
102982

102983
102984
102985
102986
102987
102988




102989


102990
102991
102992
102993
102994




102995
102996

102997
102998
102999
103000
103001
103002
103003
103004
103005
103006
103007
103008
103009
103010
103011

103012
103013
103014


103015
103016
103017
103018
103019
103020
103021
103022
103023
103024
103025
103026
103027
103028
103029
103030
103031
103032
103033
103034
103035

103036
103037
103038
103039
103040
103041
103042
103043
103044
103045
103046
103047
103048
103049
103050
103051
103052
103053
......
103059
103060
103061
103062
103063
103064
103065
103066
103067
103068
103069

103070
103071

103072
103073
103074
103075
103076
103077
103078
103079
103080
103081
103082
103083
103084
103085
103086
103087
103088
103089
103090
103091
103092
103093
103094
103095
103096
103097
103098
103099
103100
103101
103102
103103
103104
103105
103106
......
103115
103116
103117
103118
103119
103120
103121
103122
103123
103124
103125

103126
103127
103128
103129
103130
103131
103132
103133
103134
103135
103136
103137
103138
103139
103140
103141
103142
103143
103144



103145
103146
103147
103148
103149
103150
103151
103152
103153
103154
103155
103156
103157
103158
103159
103160
103161
103162
103163
103164
103165
103166
103167
103168
103169
103170
103171
103172
103173
103174
103175
103176
103177
103178
103179
103180
103181
103182
......
103215
103216
103217
103218
103219
103220
103221
103222
103223
103224
103225
103226
103227
103228
103229
......
103270
103271
103272
103273
103274
103275
103276
103277
103278
103279
103280
103281
103282
103283
103284
103285
103286
103287
......
103313
103314
103315
103316
103317
103318
103319
103320
103321
103322
103323
103324
103325
103326
103327


103328
103329
103330
103331
103332
103333
103334
......
103345
103346
103347
103348
103349
103350
103351
103352
103353
103354
103355
103356
103357
103358
103359
103360
103361
103362
103363
103364
103365
103366
103367

103368
103369
103370
103371
103372
103373
103374
......
103375
103376
103377
103378
103379
103380
103381
103382
103383
103384
103385
103386
103387
103388
103389
103390
103391
103392
103393
103394
103395
103396
103397
103398

103399
103400
103401
103402
103403

103404
103405
103406
103407
103408
103409
103410
......
103459
103460
103461
103462
103463
103464
103465
103466
103467
103468
103469
103470
103471
103472
103473

103474
103475
103476
103477

103478
103479
103480
103481
103482
103483
103484
103485
103486
103487
103488
103489
103490
103491
103492
103493
103494
103495
103496
103497
103498
103499
103500
103501
103502
103503
103504
103505
......
103609
103610
103611
103612
103613
103614
103615
103616
103617
103618
103619
103620
103621
103622
103623
103624
103625
103626
......
104116
104117
104118
104119
104120
104121
104122
104123

104124
104125
104126
104127
104128
104129
104130
......
104598
104599
104600
104601
104602
104603
104604
104605

104606
104607
104608
104609
104610
104611
104612
......
104647
104648
104649
104650
104651
104652
104653










104654
104655
104656
104657
104658





104659
104660
104661
104662
104663
104664
104665
104666
104667
104668
......
104682
104683
104684
104685
104686
104687
104688

104689
104690
104691
104692
104693
104694
104695
......
104963
104964
104965
104966
104967
104968
104969
104970
104971
104972
104973
104974
104975
104976
104977
......
105202
105203
105204
105205
105206
105207
105208

105209
105210
105211
105212
105213
105214
105215
105216
......
105291
105292
105293
105294
105295
105296
105297
105298
105299
105300
105301
105302
105303
105304
105305
......
105336
105337
105338
105339
105340
105341
105342
105343
105344
105345
105346
105347
105348
105349
105350
......
105471
105472
105473
105474
105475
105476
105477
105478
105479
105480
105481
105482
105483
105484
105485
......
108818
108819
108820
108821
108822
108823
108824

108825

108826
108827
108828
108829
108830
108831
108832
......
108841
108842
108843
108844
108845
108846
108847

108848

108849
108850
108851
108852
108853
108854
108855
108856
108857
108858
108859
108860
108861
108862
108863
108864
108865
108866
108867
......
110245
110246
110247
110248
110249
110250
110251
110252
110253
110254
110255
110256
110257
110258
110259
......
110279
110280
110281
110282
110283
110284
110285
110286
110287
110288
110289
110290
110291
110292
110293
......
111353
111354
111355
111356
111357
111358
111359
111360
111361
111362
111363
111364
111365
111366
111367
111368
111369
111370
111371
111372
111373
......
112421
112422
112423
112424
112425
112426
112427

112428
112429
112430
112431
112432
112433
112434
......
114149
114150
114151
114152
114153
114154
114155







114156
114157
114158
114159
114160
114161
114162
......
114177
114178
114179
114180
114181
114182
114183

114184
114185
114186
114187
114188
114189
114190
......
114217
114218
114219
114220
114221
114222
114223
114224
114225
114226
114227
114228
114229
114230
114231
......
114302
114303
114304
114305
114306
114307
114308

114309
114310
114311
114312
114313
114314
114315
......
114420
114421
114422
114423
114424
114425
114426

114427
114428
114429
114430
114431
114432
114433
......
114459
114460
114461
114462
114463
114464
114465
114466
114467

114468
114469
114470
114471
114472
114473
114474
......
114479
114480
114481
114482
114483
114484
114485
114486
114487
114488
114489
114490
114491
114492
114493
......
114650
114651
114652
114653
114654
114655
114656
114657
114658
114659
114660
114661
114662
114663
114664
......
114680
114681
114682
114683
114684
114685
114686

114687
114688
114689
114690
114691
114692
114693
......
114719
114720
114721
114722
114723
114724
114725
114726
114727


114728
114729
114730

114731

114732
114733
114734
114735
114736
114737
114738
114739
114740
114741
114742
......
114790
114791
114792
114793
114794
114795
114796
114797
114798
114799



114800
114801
114802
114803
114804
114805
114806
114807
114808
114809
114810
114811
114812
114813


114814
114815
114816
114817
114818
114819
114820
......
114957
114958
114959
114960
114961
114962
114963
114964
114965
114966
114967
114968
114969
114970
114971
114972
114973
114974
114975
114976
114977
114978
114979
114980
114981
114982
114983
......
114985
114986
114987
114988
114989
114990
114991

114992
114993
114994
114995
114996
114997
114998
114999
115000
115001











115002
115003
115004
115005
115006
115007
115008
......
115051
115052
115053
115054
115055
115056
115057
115058
115059
115060
115061
115062
115063
115064
115065
......
115117
115118
115119
115120
115121
115122
115123





















































































115124
115125
115126
115127
115128
115129
115130
......
115162
115163
115164
115165
115166
115167
115168

115169
115170
115171
115172
115173
115174
115175
......
115205
115206
115207
115208
115209
115210
115211
115212
115213
115214
115215
115216
115217
115218
115219
115220
115221
115222
115223
115224
115225
......
115257
115258
115259
115260
115261
115262
115263
115264
115265
115266
115267
115268
115269
115270







115271
115272
115273
115274
115275
115276
115277
115278
115279
115280
115281
115282




















115283
115284
115285
115286
115287
115288
115289
......
115320
115321
115322
115323
115324
115325
115326


115327
115328
115329
115330
115331
115332
115333
......
115381
115382
115383
115384
115385
115386
115387

115388
115389
115390
115391
115392
115393
115394
......
115531
115532
115533
115534
115535
115536
115537

























115538
115539
115540
115541
115542
115543
115544

115545




115546
115547
115548
115549
115550
115551
115552
115553
115554
115555
115556
115557
115558
115559





115560
115561
115562
115563
115564
115565
115566
115567
115568
115569
115570
115571
115572
115573
115574
......
115610
115611
115612
115613
115614
115615
115616
115617
115618
115619
115620
115621
115622
115623
115624
......
115628
115629
115630
115631
115632
115633
115634
115635
115636
115637
115638
115639
115640
115641
115642
115643
115644
115645
115646
115647

115648
115649
115650
115651
115652
115653
115654
......
115999
116000
116001
116002
116003
116004
116005
116006
116007
116008
116009
116010
116011
116012
116013
116014
116015
116016
116017
116018
116019
116020
116021
116022
......
116025
116026
116027
116028
116029
116030
116031
116032
116033
116034
116035
116036
116037
116038
116039
......
116040
116041
116042
116043
116044
116045
116046
116047
116048
116049
116050
116051
116052
116053
116054
116055
116056

116057
116058
116059
116060
116061
116062
116063
......
116098
116099
116100
116101
116102
116103
116104
116105
116106
116107
116108
116109
116110
116111
116112
......
116400
116401
116402
116403
116404
116405
116406


















































116407
116408
116409
116410
116411
116412
116413
......
116757
116758
116759
116760
116761
116762
116763

116764
116765
116766
116767
116768
116769
116770
......
116897
116898
116899
116900
116901
116902
116903
116904
116905
116906
116907
116908
116909
116910
116911
116912
......
116925
116926
116927
116928
116929
116930
116931


116932
116933
116934
116935

116936
116937
116938
116939
116940
116941
116942


116943
116944


116945
116946
116947
116948


116949
116950
116951
116952
116953
116954
116955
......
116993
116994
116995
116996
116997
116998
116999
117000
117001
117002
117003
117004
117005
117006
117007
......
117077
117078
117079
117080
117081
117082
117083
117084
117085
117086
117087
117088
117089
117090
117091
......
117286
117287
117288
117289
117290
117291
117292







117293
117294
117295
117296
117297

117298
117299
117300
117301


117302
117303
117304
117305
117306
117307
117308
......
117653
117654
117655
117656
117657
117658
117659
117660
117661
117662
117663
117664
117665
117666
117667
117668
117669
117670
117671
117672
117673
117674
117675
117676
117677
117678
117679
117680
117681
......
117768
117769
117770
117771
117772
117773
117774

117775
117776
117777
117778
117779
117780
117781
......
117997
117998
117999
118000
118001
118002
118003
118004
118005
118006
118007
118008
118009
118010
118011
118012
118013
118014
118015
118016
118017





118018
118019
118020
118021
118022
118023
118024
......
118071
118072
118073
118074
118075
118076
118077
118078
118079
118080
118081
118082
118083
118084
118085
......
118114
118115
118116
118117
118118
118119
118120









118121
118122
118123
118124
118125
118126
118127
......
118177
118178
118179
118180
118181
118182
118183



118184

118185
118186
118187
118188
118189
118190
118191
......
118547
118548
118549
118550
118551
118552
118553



118554
118555
118556
118557
118558
118559
118560
118561
118562
......
119038
119039
119040
119041
119042
119043
119044









119045
119046
119047
119048
119049
119050
119051
......
119626
119627
119628
119629
119630
119631
119632

119633
119634
119635
119636
119637
119638
119639
......
119713
119714
119715
119716
119717
119718
119719


119720


119721






119722


119723
119724
119725
119726
119727
119728
119729
......
119814
119815
119816
119817
119818
119819
119820

119821
119822
119823
119824
119825
119826
119827
......
119835
119836
119837
119838
119839
119840
119841

119842
119843



119844
119845
119846
119847
119848
119849
119850
......
120261
120262
120263
120264
120265
120266
120267

120268
120269
120270
120271
120272
120273
120274
120275
120276
120277
120278
120279
120280

120281
120282
120283
120284
120285
120286
120287
......
120463
120464
120465
120466
120467
120468
120469
120470
120471
120472
120473
120474
120475
120476
120477
......
122510
122511
122512
122513
122514
122515
122516
122517
122518
122519
122520
122521
122522
122523
122524
......
122552
122553
122554
122555
122556
122557
122558
122559
122560
122561
122562
122563
122564
122565
122566
......
122595
122596
122597
122598
122599
122600
122601
122602
122603
122604
122605
122606
122607
122608
122609
......
122663
122664
122665
122666
122667
122668
122669


122670
122671
122672
122673
122674

122675
122676
122677
122678
122679
122680




122681
122682
122683
122684
122685
122686
122687
......
123033
123034
123035
123036
123037
123038
123039












123040
123041
123042
123043
123044
123045
123046
......
123084
123085
123086
123087
123088
123089
123090
123091
123092
123093
123094
123095
123096
123097


123098
123099
123100
123101
123102
123103
123104
123105
......
123399
123400
123401
123402
123403
123404
123405
123406
123407
123408
123409
123410
123411
123412
123413
......
123429
123430
123431
123432
123433
123434
123435
123436
123437
123438
123439
123440
123441
123442
123443
......
124379
124380
124381
124382
124383
124384
124385





124386
124387
124388
124389
124390
124391

124392
124393
124394
124395
124396
124397
124398
......
124736
124737
124738
124739
124740
124741
124742

124743
124744
124745
124746
124747
124748
124749
......
124795
124796
124797
124798
124799
124800
124801

124802
124803
124804
124805
124806
124807
124808
......
124860
124861
124862
124863
124864
124865
124866











124867
124868
124869
124870
124871
124872

124873
124874
124875
124876
124877
124878
124879
......
125041
125042
125043
125044
125045
125046
125047
125048
125049
125050
125051
125052
125053
125054
125055
125056
125057
......
125164
125165
125166
125167
125168
125169
125170
















































































125171
125172
125173
125174
125175
125176
125177
......
125182
125183
125184
125185
125186
125187
125188


125189
125190
125191
125192
125193
125194
125195
......
125262
125263
125264
125265
125266
125267
125268

125269
125270
125271
125272
125273
125274
125275
......
125353
125354
125355
125356
125357
125358
125359
125360
125361
125362
125363
125364
125365

125366
125367



125368
125369
125370
125371
125372
125373
125374
......
125383
125384
125385
125386
125387
125388
125389
125390
125391
125392
125393
125394
125395
125396
125397
......
125421
125422
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125424
125425
125426
125427
125428
125429
125430
125431
125432
125433
125434
125435
......
125466
125467
125468
125469
125470
125471
125472
125473
125474
125475
125476
125477
125478
125479
125480

125481

125482
125483
125484
125485

125486
125487
125488
125489
125490
125491
125492
......
125892
125893
125894
125895
125896
125897
125898

125899
125900
125901
125902
125903
125904
125905
......
126372
126373
126374
126375
126376
126377
126378
126379
126380
126381
126382
126383
126384
126385
126386
......
126933
126934
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126936
126937
126938
126939
126940
126941
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126944
126945
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......
126950
126951
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126954
126955
126956
126957
126958
126959
126960
126961
126962
126963
126964
126965
......
128292
128293
128294
128295
128296
128297
128298
128299

128300
128301
128302
128303
128304
128305
128306
......
128593
128594
128595
128596
128597
128598
128599

128600


128601
128602
128603
128604
128605
128606
128607
......
128625
128626
128627
128628
128629
128630
128631
128632
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128634
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128637
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128639


128640
128641
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128643
128644
128645
128646

128647
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128650
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128661
/******************************************************************************
** This file is an amalgamation of many separate C source files from SQLite
** version 3.7.8.  By combining all the individual C code files into this 
** single large file, the entire code can be compiled as a single translation
** unit.  This allows many compilers to do optimizations that would not be
** possible if the files were compiled separately.  Performance improvements
** of 5% or more are commonly seen when SQLite is compiled as a single
** translation unit.
**
** This file is all you need to compile SQLite.  To use SQLite in other
................................................................................
#ifdef HAVE_STDINT_H
#include <stdint.h>
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_INTTYPES_H
#include <inttypes.h>
#endif

/*
** The number of samples of an index that SQLite takes in order to 
** construct a histogram of the table content when running ANALYZE
** and with SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2
*/
#define SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES 10

/*
** The following macros are used to cast pointers to integers and
** integers to pointers.  The way you do this varies from one compiler
** to the next, so we have developed the following set of #if statements
** to generate appropriate macros for a wide range of compilers.
**
** The correct "ANSI" way to do this is to use the intptr_t type. 
................................................................................
**
** On Windows, if the SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC_VALIDATE macro is defined and the
** assert() macro is enabled, each call into the Win32 native heap subsystem
** will cause HeapValidate to be called.  If heap validation should fail, an
** assertion will be triggered.
**
** (Historical note:  There used to be several other options, but we've
** pared it down to just these two.)
**
** If none of the above are defined, then set SQLITE_SYSTEM_MALLOC as
** the default.
*/
#if defined(SQLITE_SYSTEM_MALLOC)+defined(SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC)+defined(SQLITE_MEMDEBUG)>1
# error "At most one of the following compile-time configuration options\
 is allows: SQLITE_SYSTEM_MALLOC, SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC, SQLITE_MEMDEBUG"
................................................................................
** string contains the date and time of the check-in (UTC) and an SHA1
** hash of the entire source tree.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.7.8"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3007008
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2011-09-17 17:29:20 b31a7d7db9040d8eedaf1ecd89ea0033f579d0f1"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version, sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
** have write permission on the directory containing the database file want
** to read the database file, as the WAL and shared memory files must exist
** in order for the database to be readable.  The fourth parameter to
** [sqlite3_file_control()] for this opcode should be a pointer to an integer.
** That integer is 0 to disable persistent WAL mode or 1 to enable persistent
** WAL mode.  If the integer is -1, then it is overwritten with the current
** WAL persistence setting.
** 




*/
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE        1
#define SQLITE_GET_LOCKPROXYFILE      2
#define SQLITE_SET_LOCKPROXYFILE      3
#define SQLITE_LAST_ERRNO             4
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_HINT        5
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_CHUNK_SIZE       6
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_FILE_POINTER     7
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_SYNC_OMITTED     8
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_AV_RETRY   9
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_PERSIST_WAL     10


/*
** CAPI3REF: Mutex Handle
**
** The mutex module within SQLite defines [sqlite3_mutex] to be an
** abstract type for a mutex object.  The SQLite core never looks
** at the internal representation of an [sqlite3_mutex].  It only
................................................................................
** to using its default memory allocator (the system malloc() implementation),
** undoing any prior invocation of [SQLITE_CONFIG_MALLOC].  ^If the
** memory pointer is not NULL and either [SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS3] or
** [SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS5] are defined, then the alternative memory
** allocator is engaged to handle all of SQLites memory allocation needs.
** The first pointer (the memory pointer) must be aligned to an 8-byte
** boundary or subsequent behavior of SQLite will be undefined.
** The minimum allocation size is capped at 2^12. Reasonable values
** for the minimum allocation size are 2^5 through 2^8.</dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_MUTEX]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_MUTEX</dt>
** <dd> ^(This option takes a single argument which is a pointer to an
** instance of the [sqlite3_mutex_methods] structure.  The argument specifies
** alternative low-level mutex routines to be used in place
** the mutex routines built into SQLite.)^  ^SQLite makes a copy of the
** content of the [sqlite3_mutex_methods] structure before the call to
................................................................................
** first zero terminator. ^If nByte is non-negative, then it is the maximum
** number of  bytes read from zSql.  ^When nByte is non-negative, the
** zSql string ends at either the first '\000' or '\u0000' character or
** the nByte-th byte, whichever comes first. If the caller knows
** that the supplied string is nul-terminated, then there is a small
** performance advantage to be gained by passing an nByte parameter that
** is equal to the number of bytes in the input string <i>including</i>
** the nul-terminator bytes.

**
** ^If pzTail is not NULL then *pzTail is made to point to the first byte
** past the end of the first SQL statement in zSql.  These routines only
** compile the first statement in zSql, so *pzTail is left pointing to
** what remains uncompiled.
**
** ^*ppStmt is left pointing to a compiled [prepared statement] that can be
................................................................................
** WHERE clause might influence the choice of query plan for a statement,
** then the statement will be automatically recompiled, as if there had been 
** a schema change, on the first  [sqlite3_step()] call following any change
** to the [sqlite3_bind_text | bindings] of that [parameter]. 
** ^The specific value of WHERE-clause [parameter] might influence the 
** choice of query plan if the parameter is the left-hand side of a [LIKE]
** or [GLOB] operator or if the parameter is compared to an indexed column
** and the [SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2] compile-time option is enabled.
** the 
** </li>
** </ol>
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_prepare(
  sqlite3 *db,            /* Database handle */
  const char *zSql,       /* SQL statement, UTF-8 encoded */
................................................................................
** ^The third argument is the value to bind to the parameter.
**
** ^(In those routines that have a fourth argument, its value is the
** number of bytes in the parameter.  To be clear: the value is the
** number of <u>bytes</u> in the value, not the number of characters.)^
** ^If the fourth parameter is negative, the length of the string is
** the number of bytes up to the first zero terminator.







**
** ^The fifth argument to sqlite3_bind_blob(), sqlite3_bind_text(), and
** sqlite3_bind_text16() is a destructor used to dispose of the BLOB or
** string after SQLite has finished with it.  ^The destructor is called
** to dispose of the BLOB or string even if the call to sqlite3_bind_blob(),
** sqlite3_bind_text(), or sqlite3_bind_text16() fails.  
** ^If the fifth argument is
................................................................................
**
** ^The sqlite3_data_count(P) interface returns the number of columns in the
** current row of the result set of [prepared statement] P.
** ^If prepared statement P does not have results ready to return
** (via calls to the [sqlite3_column_int | sqlite3_column_*()] of
** interfaces) then sqlite3_data_count(P) returns 0.
** ^The sqlite3_data_count(P) routine also returns 0 if P is a NULL pointer.






**
** See also: [sqlite3_column_count()]
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_data_count(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Fundamental Datatypes
................................................................................
** the 2nd parameter of the sqlite3_result_text* interfaces.
** ^If the 3rd parameter to the sqlite3_result_text* interfaces
** is negative, then SQLite takes result text from the 2nd parameter
** through the first zero character.
** ^If the 3rd parameter to the sqlite3_result_text* interfaces
** is non-negative, then as many bytes (not characters) of the text
** pointed to by the 2nd parameter are taken as the application-defined
** function result.





** ^If the 4th parameter to the sqlite3_result_text* interfaces
** or sqlite3_result_blob is a non-NULL pointer, then SQLite calls that
** function as the destructor on the text or BLOB result when it has
** finished using that result.
** ^If the 4th parameter to the sqlite3_result_text* interfaces or to
** sqlite3_result_blob is the special constant SQLITE_STATIC, then SQLite
** assumes that the text or BLOB result is in constant space and does not
................................................................................
**
** [[SQLITE_DBSTATUS_STMT_USED]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_DBSTATUS_STMT_USED</dt>
** <dd>This parameter returns the approximate number of of bytes of heap
** and lookaside memory used by all prepared statements associated with
** the database connection.)^
** ^The highwater mark associated with SQLITE_DBSTATUS_STMT_USED is always 0.
** </dd>












** </dl>
*/
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_USED       0
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_USED           1
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_SCHEMA_USED          2
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_STMT_USED            3
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_HIT        4
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_MISS_SIZE  5
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_MISS_FULL  6


#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_MAX                  6   /* Largest defined DBSTATUS */


/*
** CAPI3REF: Prepared Statement Status
**
** ^(Each prepared statement maintains various
** [SQLITE_STMTSTATUS counters] that measure the number
................................................................................
**
** [[SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_AUTOINDEX]] <dt>SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_AUTOINDEX</dt>
** <dd>^This is the number of rows inserted into transient indices that
** were created automatically in order to help joins run faster.
** A non-zero value in this counter may indicate an opportunity to
** improvement performance by adding permanent indices that do not
** need to be reinitialized each time the statement is run.</dd>
**
** </dl>
*/
#define SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_FULLSCAN_STEP     1
#define SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_SORT              2
#define SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_AUTOINDEX         3

/*
................................................................................
** SQLITE_MAX_U32 is a u64 constant that is the maximum u64 value
** that can be stored in a u32 without loss of data.  The value
** is 0x00000000ffffffff.  But because of quirks of some compilers, we
** have to specify the value in the less intuitive manner shown:
*/
#define SQLITE_MAX_U32  ((((u64)1)<<32)-1)













/*
** Macros to determine whether the machine is big or little endian,
** evaluated at runtime.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_AMALGAMATION
SQLITE_PRIVATE const int sqlite3one = 1;
#else
................................................................................
** Allowed values for the flags parameter to sqlite3PagerOpen().
**
** NOTE: These values must match the corresponding BTREE_ values in btree.h.
*/
#define PAGER_OMIT_JOURNAL  0x0001    /* Do not use a rollback journal */
#define PAGER_NO_READLOCK   0x0002    /* Omit readlocks on readonly files */
#define PAGER_MEMORY        0x0004    /* In-memory database */
#define PAGER_SORTER        0x0020    /* Accumulator in external merge sort */

/*
** Valid values for the second argument to sqlite3PagerLockingMode().
*/
#define PAGER_LOCKINGMODE_QUERY      -1
#define PAGER_LOCKINGMODE_NORMAL      0
#define PAGER_LOCKINGMODE_EXCLUSIVE   1
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE const char *sqlite3PagerFilename(Pager*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE const sqlite3_vfs *sqlite3PagerVfs(Pager*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE sqlite3_file *sqlite3PagerFile(Pager*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE const char *sqlite3PagerJournalname(Pager*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerNosync(Pager*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3PagerTempSpace(Pager*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerIsMemdb(Pager*);



/* Functions used to truncate the database file. */
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PagerTruncateImage(Pager*,Pgno);

#if defined(SQLITE_HAS_CODEC) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL)
SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3PagerCodec(DbPage *);
#endif
................................................................................

#ifdef SQLITE_MUTEX_OMIT
/*
** If this is a no-op implementation, implement everything as macros.
*/
#define sqlite3_mutex_alloc(X)    ((sqlite3_mutex*)8)
#define sqlite3_mutex_free(X)
#define sqlite3_mutex_enter(X)
#define sqlite3_mutex_try(X)      SQLITE_OK
#define sqlite3_mutex_leave(X)
#define sqlite3_mutex_held(X)     ((void)(X),1)
#define sqlite3_mutex_notheld(X)  ((void)(X),1)
#define sqlite3MutexAlloc(X)      ((sqlite3_mutex*)8)
#define sqlite3MutexInit()        SQLITE_OK
#define sqlite3MutexEnd()



#endif /* defined(SQLITE_MUTEX_OMIT) */

/************** End of mutex.h ***********************************************/
/************** Continuing where we left off in sqliteInt.h ******************/


/*
................................................................................
struct Table {
  char *zName;         /* Name of the table or view */
  int iPKey;           /* If not negative, use aCol[iPKey] as the primary key */
  int nCol;            /* Number of columns in this table */
  Column *aCol;        /* Information about each column */
  Index *pIndex;       /* List of SQL indexes on this table. */
  int tnum;            /* Root BTree node for this table (see note above) */
  unsigned nRowEst;    /* Estimated rows in table - from sqlite_stat1 table */
  Select *pSelect;     /* NULL for tables.  Points to definition if a view. */
  u16 nRef;            /* Number of pointers to this Table */
  u8 tabFlags;         /* Mask of TF_* values */
  u8 keyConf;          /* What to do in case of uniqueness conflict on iPKey */
  FKey *pFKey;         /* Linked list of all foreign keys in this table */
  char *zColAff;       /* String defining the affinity of each column */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK
................................................................................
** algorithm to employ whenever an attempt is made to insert a non-unique
** element.
*/
struct Index {
  char *zName;     /* Name of this index */
  int nColumn;     /* Number of columns in the table used by this index */
  int *aiColumn;   /* Which columns are used by this index.  1st is 0 */
  unsigned *aiRowEst; /* Result of ANALYZE: Est. rows selected by each column */
  Table *pTable;   /* The SQL table being indexed */
  int tnum;        /* Page containing root of this index in database file */
  u8 onError;      /* OE_Abort, OE_Ignore, OE_Replace, or OE_None */
  u8 autoIndex;    /* True if is automatically created (ex: by UNIQUE) */
  u8 bUnordered;   /* Use this index for == or IN queries only */
  char *zColAff;   /* String defining the affinity of each column */
  Index *pNext;    /* The next index associated with the same table */
  Schema *pSchema; /* Schema containing this index */
  u8 *aSortOrder;  /* Array of size Index.nColumn. True==DESC, False==ASC */
  char **azColl;   /* Array of collation sequence names for index */



  IndexSample *aSample;    /* Array of SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES samples */

};

/*
** Each sample stored in the sqlite_stat2 table is represented in memory 
** using a structure of this type.

*/
struct IndexSample {
  union {
    char *z;        /* Value if eType is SQLITE_TEXT or SQLITE_BLOB */
    double r;       /* Value if eType is SQLITE_FLOAT or SQLITE_INTEGER */

  } u;
  u8 eType;         /* SQLITE_NULL, SQLITE_INTEGER ... etc. */
  u8 nByte;         /* Size in byte of text or blob. */



};

/*
** Each token coming out of the lexer is an instance of
** this structure.  Tokens are also used as part of an expression.
**
** Note if Token.z==0 then Token.dyn and Token.n are undefined and
................................................................................
** and the WhereInfo.wctrlFlags member.
*/
#define WHERE_ORDERBY_NORMAL   0x0000 /* No-op */
#define WHERE_ORDERBY_MIN      0x0001 /* ORDER BY processing for min() func */
#define WHERE_ORDERBY_MAX      0x0002 /* ORDER BY processing for max() func */
#define WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED  0x0004 /* Want to do one-pass UPDATE/DELETE */
#define WHERE_DUPLICATES_OK    0x0008 /* Ok to return a row more than once */
#define WHERE_OMIT_OPEN        0x0010 /* Table cursors are already open */
#define WHERE_OMIT_CLOSE       0x0020 /* Omit close of table & index cursors */
#define WHERE_FORCE_TABLE      0x0040 /* Do not use an index-only search */
#define WHERE_ONETABLE_ONLY    0x0080 /* Only code the 1st table in pTabList */


/*
** The WHERE clause processing routine has two halves.  The
** first part does the start of the WHERE loop and the second
** half does the tail of the WHERE loop.  An instance of
** this structure is returned by the first half and passed
** into the second half to give some continuity.
................................................................................
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE)
SQLITE_PRIVATE   int sqlite3ViewGetColumnNames(Parse*,Table*);
#else
# define sqlite3ViewGetColumnNames(A,B) 0
#endif

SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DropTable(Parse*, SrcList*, int, int);

SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DeleteTable(sqlite3*, Table*);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINCREMENT
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3AutoincrementBegin(Parse *pParse);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3AutoincrementEnd(Parse *pParse);
#else
# define sqlite3AutoincrementBegin(X)
# define sqlite3AutoincrementEnd(X)
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE const void *sqlite3ValueText(sqlite3_value*, u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ValueBytes(sqlite3_value*, u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ValueSetStr(sqlite3_value*, int, const void *,u8, 
                        void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ValueFree(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE sqlite3_value *sqlite3ValueNew(sqlite3 *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE char *sqlite3Utf16to8(sqlite3 *, const void*, int, u8);
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2
SQLITE_PRIVATE char *sqlite3Utf8to16(sqlite3 *, u8, char *, int, int *);
#endif
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ValueFromExpr(sqlite3 *, Expr *, u8, u8, sqlite3_value **);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(sqlite3_value *, u8, u8);
#ifndef SQLITE_AMALGAMATION
SQLITE_PRIVATE const unsigned char sqlite3OpcodeProperty[];
SQLITE_PRIVATE const unsigned char sqlite3UpperToLower[];
................................................................................
#  define sqlite3VtabRollback(X)
#  define sqlite3VtabCommit(X)
#  define sqlite3VtabInSync(db) 0
#  define sqlite3VtabLock(X) 
#  define sqlite3VtabUnlock(X)
#  define sqlite3VtabUnlockList(X)
#  define sqlite3VtabSavepoint(X, Y, Z) SQLITE_OK

#else
SQLITE_PRIVATE    void sqlite3VtabClear(sqlite3 *db, Table*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE    int sqlite3VtabSync(sqlite3 *db, char **);
SQLITE_PRIVATE    int sqlite3VtabRollback(sqlite3 *db);
SQLITE_PRIVATE    int sqlite3VtabCommit(sqlite3 *db);
SQLITE_PRIVATE    void sqlite3VtabLock(VTable *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE    void sqlite3VtabUnlock(VTable *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE    void sqlite3VtabUnlockList(sqlite3*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE    int sqlite3VtabSavepoint(sqlite3 *, int, int);

#  define sqlite3VtabInSync(db) ((db)->nVTrans>0 && (db)->aVTrans==0)
#endif
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VtabMakeWritable(Parse*,Table*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VtabBeginParse(Parse*, Token*, Token*, Token*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VtabFinishParse(Parse*, Token*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VtabArgInit(Parse*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VtabArgExtend(Parse*, Token*);
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3InvalidFunction(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeParameterIndex(Vdbe*, const char*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3TransferBindings(sqlite3_stmt *, sqlite3_stmt *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Reprepare(Vdbe*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprListCheckLength(Parse*, ExprList*, const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE CollSeq *sqlite3BinaryCompareCollSeq(Parse *, Expr *, Expr *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3TempInMemory(const sqlite3*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE VTable *sqlite3GetVTable(sqlite3*, Table*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE const char *sqlite3JournalModename(int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Checkpoint(sqlite3*, int, int, int*, int*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3WalDefaultHook(void*,sqlite3*,const char*,int);

/* Declarations for functions in fkey.c. All of these are replaced by
** no-op macros if OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY is defined. In this case no foreign
** key functionality is available. If OMIT_TRIGGER is defined but
................................................................................
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE SQLITE_WSD struct Sqlite3Config sqlite3Config = {
   SQLITE_DEFAULT_MEMSTATUS,  /* bMemstat */
   1,                         /* bCoreMutex */
   SQLITE_THREADSAFE==1,      /* bFullMutex */
   SQLITE_USE_URI,            /* bOpenUri */
   0x7ffffffe,                /* mxStrlen */
   100,                       /* szLookaside */
   500,                       /* nLookaside */
   {0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0},         /* m */
   {0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0},       /* mutex */
   {0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0},   /* pcache */
   (void*)0,                  /* pHeap */
   0,                         /* nHeap */
   0, 0,                      /* mnHeap, mxHeap */
................................................................................
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_OVERSIZE_CELL_CHECK
  "ENABLE_OVERSIZE_CELL_CHECK",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_RTREE
  "ENABLE_RTREE",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2
  "ENABLE_STAT2",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_UNLOCK_NOTIFY
  "ENABLE_UNLOCK_NOTIFY",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_UPDATE_DELETE_LIMIT
  "ENABLE_UPDATE_DELETE_LIMIT",
#endif
................................................................................
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_WSD
  "OMIT_WSD",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_XFER_OPT
  "OMIT_XFER_OPT",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_PAGECACHE_BLOCKALLOC
  "PAGECACHE_BLOCKALLOC",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_PERFORMANCE_TRACE
  "PERFORMANCE_TRACE",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_PROXY_DEBUG
  "PROXY_DEBUG",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_SECURE_DELETE
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemFinalize(Mem*, FuncDef*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE const char *sqlite3OpcodeName(int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemGrow(Mem *pMem, int n, int preserve);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeCloseStatement(Vdbe *, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeFrameDelete(VdbeFrame*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeFrameRestore(VdbeFrame *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeMemStoreType(Mem *pMem);


#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_MERGE_SORT
# define sqlite3VdbeSorterInit(Y,Z)      SQLITE_OK
# define sqlite3VdbeSorterWrite(X,Y,Z)   SQLITE_OK
# define sqlite3VdbeSorterClose(Y,Z)
# define sqlite3VdbeSorterRowkey(Y,Z)    SQLITE_OK
# define sqlite3VdbeSorterRewind(X,Y,Z)  SQLITE_OK
................................................................................
      db->pnBytesFreed = 0;

      *pHighwater = 0;
      *pCurrent = nByte;

      break;
    }























    default: {
      rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
    }
  }
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  return rc;
................................................................................
  if( p->validTZ ){
    computeJD(p);
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** Set the time to the current time reported by the VFS


*/
static void setDateTimeToCurrent(sqlite3_context *context, DateTime *p){
  sqlite3 *db = sqlite3_context_db_handle(context);
  sqlite3OsCurrentTimeInt64(db->pVfs, &p->iJD);
  p->validJD = 1;




}

/*
** Attempt to parse the given string into a Julian Day Number.  Return
** the number of errors.
**
** The following are acceptable forms for the input string:
................................................................................
){
  double r;
  if( parseYyyyMmDd(zDate,p)==0 ){
    return 0;
  }else if( parseHhMmSs(zDate, p)==0 ){
    return 0;
  }else if( sqlite3StrICmp(zDate,"now")==0){
    setDateTimeToCurrent(context, p);
    return 0;
  }else if( sqlite3AtoF(zDate, &r, sqlite3Strlen30(zDate), SQLITE_UTF8) ){
    p->iJD = (sqlite3_int64)(r*86400000.0 + 0.5);
    p->validJD = 1;
    return 0;
  }
  return 1;
}
................................................................................
  DateTime *p
){
  int i;
  const unsigned char *z;
  int eType;
  memset(p, 0, sizeof(*p));
  if( argc==0 ){
    setDateTimeToCurrent(context, p);

  }else if( (eType = sqlite3_value_type(argv[0]))==SQLITE_FLOAT
                   || eType==SQLITE_INTEGER ){
    p->iJD = (sqlite3_int64)(sqlite3_value_double(argv[0])*86400000.0 + 0.5);
    p->validJD = 1;
  }else{
    z = sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);
    if( !z || parseDateOrTime(context, (char*)z, p) ){
      return 1;
................................................................................
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  time_t t;
  char *zFormat = (char *)sqlite3_user_data(context);
  sqlite3 *db;
  sqlite3_int64 iT;


  char zBuf[20];

  UNUSED_PARAMETER(argc);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(argv);

  db = sqlite3_context_db_handle(context);
  sqlite3OsCurrentTimeInt64(db->pVfs, &iT);
  t = iT/1000 - 10000*(sqlite3_int64)21086676;
#ifdef HAVE_GMTIME_R
  {
    struct tm sNow;
    gmtime_r(&t, &sNow);
    strftime(zBuf, 20, zFormat, &sNow);
  }
#else
  {
    struct tm *pTm;
    sqlite3_mutex_enter(sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER));
    pTm = gmtime(&t);
    strftime(zBuf, 20, zFormat, pTm);

    sqlite3_mutex_leave(sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER));
  }
#endif



  sqlite3_result_text(context, zBuf, -1, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);

}
#endif

/*
** This function registered all of the above C functions as SQL
** functions.  This should be the only routine in this file with
** external linkage.
................................................................................

/*
** Register a VFS with the system.  It is harmless to register the same
** VFS multiple times.  The new VFS becomes the default if makeDflt is
** true.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_vfs_register(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, int makeDflt){
  sqlite3_mutex *mutex = 0;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINIT
  int rc = sqlite3_initialize();
  if( rc ) return rc;
#endif
  mutex = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER);
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(mutex);
  vfsUnlink(pVfs);
  if( makeDflt || vfsList==0 ){
    pVfs->pNext = vfsList;
    vfsList = pVfs;
  }else{
    pVfs->pNext = vfsList->pNext;
................................................................................
** the public domain.  The original comments are included here for
** completeness.  They are very out-of-date but might be useful as
** an historical reference.  Most of the "enhancements" have been backed
** out so that the functionality is now the same as standard printf().
**
**************************************************************************
**
** The following modules is an enhanced replacement for the "printf" subroutines
** found in the standard C library.  The following enhancements are
** supported:
**
**      +  Additional functions.  The standard set of "printf" functions
**         includes printf, fprintf, sprintf, vprintf, vfprintf, and
**         vsprintf.  This module adds the following:
**
**           *  snprintf -- Works like sprintf, but has an extra argument
**                          which is the size of the buffer written to.
**
**           *  mprintf --  Similar to sprintf.  Writes output to memory
**                          obtained from malloc.
**
**           *  xprintf --  Calls a function to dispose of output.
**
**           *  nprintf --  No output, but returns the number of characters
**                          that would have been output by printf.
**
**           *  A v- version (ex: vsnprintf) of every function is also
**              supplied.
**
**      +  A few extensions to the formatting notation are supported:
**
**           *  The "=" flag (similar to "-") causes the output to be
**              be centered in the appropriately sized field.
**
**           *  The %b field outputs an integer in binary notation.
**
**           *  The %c field now accepts a precision.  The character output
**              is repeated by the number of times the precision specifies.
**
**           *  The %' field works like %c, but takes as its character the
**              next character of the format string, instead of the next
**              argument.  For example,  printf("%.78'-")  prints 78 minus
**              signs, the same as  printf("%.78c",'-').
**
**      +  When compiled using GCC on a SPARC, this version of printf is
**         faster than the library printf for SUN OS 4.1.
**
**      +  All functions are fully reentrant.
**
*/

/*
** Conversion types fall into various categories as defined by the
** following enumeration.
*/
#define etRADIX       1 /* Integer types.  %d, %x, %o, and so forth */
................................................................................
  if( N>0 ){
    sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pAccum, zSpaces, N);
  }
}

/*
** On machines with a small stack size, you can redefine the
** SQLITE_PRINT_BUF_SIZE to be less than 350.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_PRINT_BUF_SIZE
# if defined(SQLITE_SMALL_STACK)
#   define SQLITE_PRINT_BUF_SIZE 50
# else
#   define SQLITE_PRINT_BUF_SIZE 350
# endif
#endif
#define etBUFSIZE SQLITE_PRINT_BUF_SIZE  /* Size of the output buffer */

/*
** The root program.  All variations call this core.
**
** INPUTS:
**   func   This is a pointer to a function taking three arguments
**            1. A pointer to anything.  Same as the "arg" parameter.
**            2. A pointer to the list of characters to be output
**               (Note, this list is NOT null terminated.)
**            3. An integer number of characters to be output.
**               (Note: This number might be zero.)
**
**   arg    This is the pointer to anything which will be passed as the
**          first argument to "func".  Use it for whatever you like.
**
**   fmt    This is the format string, as in the usual print.
**
**   ap     This is a pointer to a list of arguments.  Same as in
**          vfprint.
**
** OUTPUTS:
**          The return value is the total number of characters sent to
**          the function "func".  Returns -1 on a error.
**
** Note that the order in which automatic variables are declared below
** seems to make a big difference in determining how fast this beast
** will run.

*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VXPrintf(
  StrAccum *pAccum,                  /* Accumulate results here */
  int useExtended,                   /* Allow extended %-conversions */
  const char *fmt,                   /* Format string */
  va_list ap                         /* arguments */
){
................................................................................
  etByte flag_blanksign;     /* True if " " flag is present */
  etByte flag_alternateform; /* True if "#" flag is present */
  etByte flag_altform2;      /* True if "!" flag is present */
  etByte flag_zeropad;       /* True if field width constant starts with zero */
  etByte flag_long;          /* True if "l" flag is present */
  etByte flag_longlong;      /* True if the "ll" flag is present */
  etByte done;               /* Loop termination flag */


  sqlite_uint64 longvalue;   /* Value for integer types */
  LONGDOUBLE_TYPE realvalue; /* Value for real types */
  const et_info *infop;      /* Pointer to the appropriate info structure */
  char buf[etBUFSIZE];       /* Conversion buffer */
  char prefix;               /* Prefix character.  "+" or "-" or " " or '\0'. */
  etByte xtype = 0;          /* Conversion paradigm */
  char *zExtra;              /* Extra memory used for etTCLESCAPE conversions */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
  int  exp, e2;              /* exponent of real numbers */

  double rounder;            /* Used for rounding floating point values */
  etByte flag_dp;            /* True if decimal point should be shown */
  etByte flag_rtz;           /* True if trailing zeros should be removed */
  etByte flag_exp;           /* True to force display of the exponent */
  int nsd;                   /* Number of significant digits returned */
#endif


  length = 0;
  bufpt = 0;
  for(; (c=(*fmt))!=0; ++fmt){
    if( c!='%' ){
      int amt;
      bufpt = (char *)fmt;
      amt = 1;
      while( (c=(*++fmt))!='%' && c!=0 ) amt++;
................................................................................
      c = *++fmt;
    }else{
      while( c>='0' && c<='9' ){
        width = width*10 + c - '0';
        c = *++fmt;
      }
    }
    if( width > etBUFSIZE-10 ){
      width = etBUFSIZE-10;
    }
    /* Get the precision */
    if( c=='.' ){
      precision = 0;
      c = *++fmt;
      if( c=='*' ){
        precision = va_arg(ap,int);
        if( precision<0 ) precision = -precision;
................................................................................
          return;
        }
        break;
      }
    }
    zExtra = 0;


    /* Limit the precision to prevent overflowing buf[] during conversion */
    if( precision>etBUFSIZE-40 && (infop->flags & FLAG_STRING)==0 ){
      precision = etBUFSIZE-40;
    }

    /*
    ** At this point, variables are initialized as follows:
    **
    **   flag_alternateform          TRUE if a '#' is present.
    **   flag_altform2               TRUE if a '!' is present.
    **   flag_plussign               TRUE if a '+' is present.
    **   flag_leftjustify            TRUE if a '-' is present or if the
................................................................................
          }
          prefix = 0;
        }
        if( longvalue==0 ) flag_alternateform = 0;
        if( flag_zeropad && precision<width-(prefix!=0) ){
          precision = width-(prefix!=0);
        }

        bufpt = &buf[etBUFSIZE-1];










        if( xtype==etORDINAL ){
          static const char zOrd[] = "thstndrd";
          int x = (int)(longvalue % 10);
          if( x>=4 || (longvalue/10)%10==1 ){
            x = 0;
          }
          buf[etBUFSIZE-3] = zOrd[x*2];
          buf[etBUFSIZE-2] = zOrd[x*2+1];
          bufpt -= 2;
        }
        {
          register const char *cset;      /* Use registers for speed */
          register int base;
          cset = &aDigits[infop->charset];
          base = infop->base;
          do{                                           /* Convert to ascii */
            *(--bufpt) = cset[longvalue%base];
            longvalue = longvalue/base;
          }while( longvalue>0 );
        }
        length = (int)(&buf[etBUFSIZE-1]-bufpt);
        for(idx=precision-length; idx>0; idx--){
          *(--bufpt) = '0';                             /* Zero pad */
        }
        if( prefix ) *(--bufpt) = prefix;               /* Add sign */
        if( flag_alternateform && infop->prefix ){      /* Add "0" or "0x" */
          const char *pre;
          char x;
          pre = &aPrefix[infop->prefix];
          for(; (x=(*pre))!=0; pre++) *(--bufpt) = x;
        }
        length = (int)(&buf[etBUFSIZE-1]-bufpt);
        break;
      case etFLOAT:
      case etEXP:
      case etGENERIC:
        realvalue = va_arg(ap,double);
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
        length = 0;
#else
        if( precision<0 ) precision = 6;         /* Set default precision */
        if( precision>etBUFSIZE/2-10 ) precision = etBUFSIZE/2-10;
        if( realvalue<0.0 ){
          realvalue = -realvalue;
          prefix = '-';
        }else{
          if( flag_plussign )          prefix = '+';
          else if( flag_blanksign )    prefix = ' ';
          else                         prefix = 0;
................................................................................
          }
        }
        bufpt = buf;
        /*
        ** If the field type is etGENERIC, then convert to either etEXP
        ** or etFLOAT, as appropriate.
        */
        flag_exp = xtype==etEXP;
        if( xtype!=etFLOAT ){
          realvalue += rounder;
          if( realvalue>=10.0 ){ realvalue *= 0.1; exp++; }
        }
        if( xtype==etGENERIC ){
          flag_rtz = !flag_alternateform;
          if( exp<-4 || exp>precision ){
................................................................................
          flag_rtz = 0;
        }
        if( xtype==etEXP ){
          e2 = 0;
        }else{
          e2 = exp;
        }








        nsd = 0;
        flag_dp = (precision>0 ?1:0) | flag_alternateform | flag_altform2;
        /* The sign in front of the number */
        if( prefix ){
          *(bufpt++) = prefix;
        }
        /* Digits prior to the decimal point */
................................................................................
        /* Significant digits after the decimal point */
        while( (precision--)>0 ){
          *(bufpt++) = et_getdigit(&realvalue,&nsd);
        }
        /* Remove trailing zeros and the "." if no digits follow the "." */
        if( flag_rtz && flag_dp ){
          while( bufpt[-1]=='0' ) *(--bufpt) = 0;
          assert( bufpt>buf );
          if( bufpt[-1]=='.' ){
            if( flag_altform2 ){
              *(bufpt++) = '0';
            }else{
              *(--bufpt) = 0;
            }
          }
        }
        /* Add the "eNNN" suffix */
        if( flag_exp || xtype==etEXP ){
          *(bufpt++) = aDigits[infop->charset];
          if( exp<0 ){
            *(bufpt++) = '-'; exp = -exp;
          }else{
            *(bufpt++) = '+';
          }
          if( exp>=100 ){
................................................................................
          *(bufpt++) = (char)(exp%10+'0');             /* 1's digit */
        }
        *bufpt = 0;

        /* The converted number is in buf[] and zero terminated. Output it.
        ** Note that the number is in the usual order, not reversed as with
        ** integer conversions. */
        length = (int)(bufpt-buf);
        bufpt = buf;

        /* Special case:  Add leading zeros if the flag_zeropad flag is
        ** set and we are not left justified */
        if( flag_zeropad && !flag_leftjustify && length < width){
          int i;
          int nPad = width - length;
          for(i=width; i>=nPad; i--){
................................................................................
    if( flag_leftjustify ){
      register int nspace;
      nspace = width-length;
      if( nspace>0 ){
        appendSpace(pAccum, nspace);
      }
    }
    if( zExtra ){
      sqlite3_free(zExtra);
    }
  }/* End for loop over the format string */
} /* End of function */

/*
** Append N bytes of text from z to the StrAccum object.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3StrAccumAppend(StrAccum *p, const char *z, int N){
  assert( z!=0 || N==0 );
  if( p->tooBig | p->mallocFailed ){
    testcase(p->tooBig);
    testcase(p->mallocFailed);
    return;
  }

  if( N<0 ){
    N = sqlite3Strlen30(z);
  }
  if( N==0 || NEVER(z==0) ){
    return;
  }
  if( p->nChar+N >= p->nAlloc ){
................................................................................
      }
      if( p->useMalloc==1 ){
        zNew = sqlite3DbRealloc(p->db, zOld, p->nAlloc);
      }else{
        zNew = sqlite3_realloc(zOld, p->nAlloc);
      }
      if( zNew ){
        if( zOld==0 ) memcpy(zNew, p->zText, p->nChar);
        p->zText = zNew;
      }else{
        p->mallocFailed = 1;
        sqlite3StrAccumReset(p);
        return;
      }
    }
  }

  memcpy(&p->zText[p->nChar], z, N);
  p->nChar += N;
}

/*
** Finish off a string by making sure it is zero-terminated.
** Return a pointer to the resulting string.  Return a NULL
................................................................................
** is set to the length of the returned string in bytes. The call should
** arrange to call sqlite3DbFree() on the returned pointer when it is
** no longer required.
** 
** If a malloc failure occurs, NULL is returned and the db.mallocFailed
** flag set.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2
SQLITE_PRIVATE char *sqlite3Utf8to16(sqlite3 *db, u8 enc, char *z, int n, int *pnOut){
  Mem m;
  memset(&m, 0, sizeof(m));
  m.db = db;
  sqlite3VdbeMemSetStr(&m, z, n, SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_STATIC);
  if( sqlite3VdbeMemTranslate(&m, enc) ){
    assert( db->mallocFailed );
................................................................................
      esign = -1;
      z+=incr;
    }else if( *z=='+' ){
      z+=incr;
    }
    /* copy digits to exponent */
    while( z<zEnd && sqlite3Isdigit(*z) ){
      e = e*10 + (*z - '0');
      z+=incr;
      eValid = 1;
    }
  }

  /* skip trailing spaces */
  if( nDigits && eValid ){
................................................................................
        if( esign<0 ){
          result = s / scale;
          result /= 1.0e+308;
        }else{
          result = s * scale;
          result *= 1.0e+308;
        }






      }else{
        /* 1.0e+22 is the largest power of 10 than can be 
        ** represented exactly. */
        while( e%22 ) { scale *= 1.0e+1; e -= 1; }
        while( e>0 ) { scale *= 1.0e+22; e -= 22; }
        if( esign<0 ){
          result = s / scale;
................................................................................
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
static int unixMutexHeld(void) {
  return sqlite3_mutex_held(sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER));
}
#endif


#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
/*
** Helper function for printing out trace information from debugging
** binaries. This returns the string represetation of the supplied
** integer lock-type.
*/
static const char *azFileLock(int eFileLock){
  switch( eFileLock ){
................................................................................
  ** The reason a single byte cannot be used instead of the 'shared byte
  ** range' is that some versions of windows do not support read-locks. By
  ** locking a random byte from a range, concurrent SHARED locks may exist
  ** even if the locking primitive used is always a write-lock.
  */
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  unixFile *pFile = (unixFile*)id;
  unixInodeInfo *pInode = pFile->pInode;
  struct flock lock;
  int tErrno = 0;

  assert( pFile );
  OSTRACE(("LOCK    %d %s was %s(%s,%d) pid=%d (unix)\n", pFile->h,
      azFileLock(eFileLock), azFileLock(pFile->eFileLock),
      azFileLock(pInode->eFileLock), pInode->nShared , getpid()));

  /* If there is already a lock of this type or more restrictive on the
  ** unixFile, do nothing. Don't use the end_lock: exit path, as
  ** unixEnterMutex() hasn't been called yet.
  */
  if( pFile->eFileLock>=eFileLock ){
    OSTRACE(("LOCK    %d %s ok (already held) (unix)\n", pFile->h,
................................................................................
** remove the write lock on a region when a read lock is set.
*/
static int posixUnlock(sqlite3_file *id, int eFileLock, int handleNFSUnlock){
  unixFile *pFile = (unixFile*)id;
  unixInodeInfo *pInode;
  struct flock lock;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  int h;

  assert( pFile );
  OSTRACE(("UNLOCK  %d %d was %d(%d,%d) pid=%d (unix)\n", pFile->h, eFileLock,
      pFile->eFileLock, pFile->pInode->eFileLock, pFile->pInode->nShared,
      getpid()));

  assert( eFileLock<=SHARED_LOCK );
  if( pFile->eFileLock<=eFileLock ){
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  unixEnterMutex();
  h = pFile->h;
  pInode = pFile->pInode;
  assert( pInode->nShared!=0 );
  if( pFile->eFileLock>SHARED_LOCK ){
    assert( pInode->eFileLock==pFile->eFileLock );
    SimulateIOErrorBenign(1);
    SimulateIOError( h=(-1) )
    SimulateIOErrorBenign(0);

#ifndef NDEBUG
    /* When reducing a lock such that other processes can start
    ** reading the database file again, make sure that the
    ** transaction counter was updated if any part of the database
    ** file changed.  If the transaction counter is not updated,
    ** other connections to the same file might not realize that
    ** the file has changed and hence might not know to flush their
    ** cache.  The use of a stale cache can lead to database corruption.
    */
#if 0
    assert( pFile->inNormalWrite==0
         || pFile->dbUpdate==0
         || pFile->transCntrChng==1 );
#endif
    pFile->inNormalWrite = 0;
#endif

    /* downgrading to a shared lock on NFS involves clearing the write lock
    ** before establishing the readlock - to avoid a race condition we downgrade
    ** the lock in 2 blocks, so that part of the range will be covered by a 
    ** write lock until the rest is covered by a read lock:
................................................................................
    ** the lock.
    */
    pInode->nShared--;
    if( pInode->nShared==0 ){
      lock.l_type = F_UNLCK;
      lock.l_whence = SEEK_SET;
      lock.l_start = lock.l_len = 0L;
      SimulateIOErrorBenign(1);
      SimulateIOError( h=(-1) )
      SimulateIOErrorBenign(0);
      if( unixFileLock(pFile, &lock)==0 ){
        pInode->eFileLock = NO_LOCK;
      }else{
        rc = SQLITE_IOERR_UNLOCK;
	pFile->lastErrno = errno;
        pInode->eFileLock = NO_LOCK;
        pFile->eFileLock = NO_LOCK;
................................................................................
    pShmNode->mutex = sqlite3_mutex_alloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST);
    if( pShmNode->mutex==0 ){
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
      goto shm_open_err;
    }

    if( pInode->bProcessLock==0 ){
      pShmNode->h = robust_open(zShmFilename, O_RDWR|O_CREAT,
                               (sStat.st_mode & 0777));
      if( pShmNode->h<0 ){
        const char *zRO;

        zRO = sqlite3_uri_parameter(pDbFd->zPath, "readonly_shm");
        if( zRO && sqlite3GetBoolean(zRO) ){
          pShmNode->h = robust_open(zShmFilename, O_RDONLY,
                                    (sStat.st_mode & 0777));

          pShmNode->isReadonly = 1;
        }


        if( pShmNode->h<0 ){
          rc = unixLogError(SQLITE_CANTOPEN_BKPT, "open", zShmFilename);
          goto shm_open_err;
        }
      }
  
      /* Check to see if another process is holding the dead-man switch.
................................................................................
  */
#if defined(__APPLE__) && SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE
  assert( zFilename==0 || zFilename[0]=='/' 
    || pVfs->pAppData==(void*)&autolockIoFinder );
#else
  assert( zFilename==0 || zFilename[0]=='/' );
#endif




  OSTRACE(("OPEN    %-3d %s\n", h, zFilename));
  pNew->h = h;
  pNew->zPath = zFilename;
  if( memcmp(pVfs->zName,"unix-excl",10)==0 ){
    pNew->ctrlFlags = UNIXFILE_EXCL;
  }else{
................................................................................

  else if( pLockingStyle == &dotlockIoMethods ){
    /* Dotfile locking uses the file path so it needs to be included in
    ** the dotlockLockingContext 
    */
    char *zLockFile;
    int nFilename;

    nFilename = (int)strlen(zFilename) + 6;
    zLockFile = (char *)sqlite3_malloc(nFilename);
    if( zLockFile==0 ){
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }else{
      sqlite3_snprintf(nFilename, zLockFile, "%s" DOTLOCK_SUFFIX, zFilename);
    }
................................................................................
    ** the following naming conventions:
    **
    **   "<path to db>-journal"
    **   "<path to db>-wal"
    **   "<path to db>-journalNN"
    **   "<path to db>-walNN"
    **
    ** where NN is a 4 digit decimal number. The NN naming schemes are 
    ** used by the test_multiplex.c module.
    */
    nDb = sqlite3Strlen30(zPath) - 1; 




    while( nDb>0 && zPath[nDb]!='-' ) nDb--;
    if( nDb==0 ) return SQLITE_OK;





    memcpy(zDb, zPath, nDb);
    zDb[nDb] = '\0';

    if( 0==osStat(zDb, &sStat) ){
      *pMode = sStat.st_mode & 0777;
    }else{
      rc = SQLITE_IOERR_FSTAT;
................................................................................
/*
** Find the current time (in Universal Coordinated Time).  Write into *piNow
** the current time and date as a Julian Day number times 86_400_000.  In
** other words, write into *piNow the number of milliseconds since the Julian
** epoch of noon in Greenwich on November 24, 4714 B.C according to the
** proleptic Gregorian calendar.
**

** On success, return 0.  Return 1 if the time and date cannot be found.
*/
static int unixCurrentTimeInt64(sqlite3_vfs *NotUsed, sqlite3_int64 *piNow){
  static const sqlite3_int64 unixEpoch = 24405875*(sqlite3_int64)8640000;

#if defined(NO_GETTOD)
  time_t t;
  time(&t);
  *piNow = ((sqlite3_int64)t)*1000 + unixEpoch;
#elif OS_VXWORKS
  struct timespec sNow;
  clock_gettime(CLOCK_REALTIME, &sNow);
  *piNow = unixEpoch + 1000*(sqlite3_int64)sNow.tv_sec + sNow.tv_nsec/1000000;
#else
  struct timeval sNow;
  gettimeofday(&sNow, 0);
  *piNow = unixEpoch + 1000*(sqlite3_int64)sNow.tv_sec + sNow.tv_usec/1000;



#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
  if( sqlite3_current_time ){
    *piNow = 1000*(sqlite3_int64)sqlite3_current_time + unixEpoch;
  }
#endif
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(NotUsed);
  return 0;
}

/*
** Find the current time (in Universal Coordinated Time).  Write the
** current time and date as a Julian Day number into *prNow and
** return 0.  Return 1 if the time and date cannot be found.
*/
static int unixCurrentTime(sqlite3_vfs *NotUsed, double *prNow){
  sqlite3_int64 i;

  UNUSED_PARAMETER(NotUsed);
  unixCurrentTimeInt64(0, &i);
  *prNow = i/86400000.0;
  return 0;
}

/*
** We added the xGetLastError() method with the intention of providing
** better low-level error messages when operating-system problems come up
** during SQLite operation.  But so far, none of that has been implemented
** in the core.  So this routine is never called.  For now, it is merely
................................................................................
           h, zName, dwDesiredAccess, 
           h==INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE ? "failed" : "ok"));

  if( h==INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE ){
    pFile->lastErrno = GetLastError();
    winLogError(SQLITE_CANTOPEN, "winOpen", zUtf8Name);
    free(zConverted);
    if( isReadWrite ){
      return winOpen(pVfs, zName, id, 
             ((flags|SQLITE_OPEN_READONLY)&~(SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE|SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE)), pOutFlags);
    }else{
      return SQLITE_CANTOPEN_BKPT;
    }
  }

................................................................................
  free(zConverted);
  return (void*)h;
}
static void winDlError(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, int nBuf, char *zBufOut){
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pVfs);
  getLastErrorMsg(nBuf, zBufOut);
}
void (*winDlSym(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, void *pHandle, const char *zSymbol))(void){
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pVfs);
#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
  /* The GetProcAddressA() routine is only available on wince. */
  return (void(*)(void))GetProcAddressA((HANDLE)pHandle, zSymbol);
#else
  /* All other windows platforms expect GetProcAddress() to take
  ** an Ansi string regardless of the _UNICODE setting */
  return (void(*)(void))GetProcAddress((HANDLE)pHandle, zSymbol);
#endif
}
void winDlClose(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, void *pHandle){
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pVfs);
  FreeLibrary((HANDLE)pHandle);
}
#else /* if SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION is defined: */
  #define winDlOpen  0
  #define winDlError 0
  #define winDlSym   0
................................................................................
/*
** Find the current time (in Universal Coordinated Time).  Write into *piNow
** the current time and date as a Julian Day number times 86_400_000.  In
** other words, write into *piNow the number of milliseconds since the Julian
** epoch of noon in Greenwich on November 24, 4714 B.C according to the
** proleptic Gregorian calendar.
**

** On success, return 0.  Return 1 if the time and date cannot be found.
*/
static int winCurrentTimeInt64(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, sqlite3_int64 *piNow){
  /* FILETIME structure is a 64-bit value representing the number of 
     100-nanosecond intervals since January 1, 1601 (= JD 2305813.5). 
  */
  FILETIME ft;
  static const sqlite3_int64 winFiletimeEpoch = 23058135*(sqlite3_int64)8640000;
................................................................................
      (sqlite3_int64)2000000000 + (sqlite3_int64)2000000000 + (sqlite3_int64)294967296;

#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
  SYSTEMTIME time;
  GetSystemTime(&time);
  /* if SystemTimeToFileTime() fails, it returns zero. */
  if (!SystemTimeToFileTime(&time,&ft)){
    return 1;
  }
#else
  GetSystemTimeAsFileTime( &ft );
#endif

  *piNow = winFiletimeEpoch +
            ((((sqlite3_int64)ft.dwHighDateTime)*max32BitValue) + 
................................................................................

#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
  if( sqlite3_current_time ){
    *piNow = 1000*(sqlite3_int64)sqlite3_current_time + unixEpoch;
  }
#endif
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pVfs);
  return 0;
}

/*
** Find the current time (in Universal Coordinated Time).  Write the
** current time and date as a Julian Day number into *prNow and
** return 0.  Return 1 if the time and date cannot be found.
*/
int winCurrentTime(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, double *prNow){
  int rc;
  sqlite3_int64 i;
  rc = winCurrentTimeInt64(pVfs, &i);
  if( !rc ){
    *prNow = i/86400000.0;
  }
  return rc;
................................................................................


typedef struct PCache1 PCache1;
typedef struct PgHdr1 PgHdr1;
typedef struct PgFreeslot PgFreeslot;
typedef struct PGroup PGroup;

typedef struct PGroupBlock PGroupBlock;
typedef struct PGroupBlockList PGroupBlockList;

/* Each page cache (or PCache) belongs to a PGroup.  A PGroup is a set 
** of one or more PCaches that are able to recycle each others unpinned
** pages when they are under memory pressure.  A PGroup is an instance of
** the following object.
**
** This page cache implementation works in one of two modes:
................................................................................
struct PGroup {
  sqlite3_mutex *mutex;          /* MUTEX_STATIC_LRU or NULL */
  int nMaxPage;                  /* Sum of nMax for purgeable caches */
  int nMinPage;                  /* Sum of nMin for purgeable caches */
  int mxPinned;                  /* nMaxpage + 10 - nMinPage */
  int nCurrentPage;              /* Number of purgeable pages allocated */
  PgHdr1 *pLruHead, *pLruTail;   /* LRU list of unpinned pages */
#ifdef SQLITE_PAGECACHE_BLOCKALLOC
  int isBusy;                    /* Do not run ReleaseMemory() if true */
  PGroupBlockList *pBlockList;   /* List of block-lists for this group */
#endif
};

/*
** If SQLITE_PAGECACHE_BLOCKALLOC is defined when the library is built,
** each PGroup structure has a linked list of the the following starting
** at PGroup.pBlockList. There is one entry for each distinct page-size 
** currently used by members of the PGroup (i.e. 1024 bytes, 4096 bytes
** etc.). Variable PGroupBlockList.nByte is set to the actual allocation
** size requested by each pcache, which is the database page-size plus
** the various header structures used by the pcache, pager and btree layers.
** Usually around (pgsz+200) bytes.
**
** This size (pgsz+200) bytes is not allocated efficiently by some
** implementations of malloc. In particular, some implementations are only
** able to allocate blocks of memory chunks of 2^N bytes, where N is some
** integer value. Since the page-size is a power of 2, this means we
** end up wasting (pgsz-200) bytes in each allocation.
**
** If SQLITE_PAGECACHE_BLOCKALLOC is defined, the (pgsz+200) byte blocks
** are not allocated directly. Instead, blocks of roughly M*(pgsz+200) bytes 
** are requested from malloc allocator. After a block is returned,
** sqlite3MallocSize() is used to determine how many (pgsz+200) byte
** allocations can fit in the space returned by malloc(). This value may
** be more than M.
**
** The blocks are stored in a doubly-linked list. Variable PGroupBlock.nEntry
** contains the number of allocations that will fit in the aData[] space.
** nEntry is limited to the number of bits in bitmask mUsed. If a slot
** within aData is in use, the corresponding bit in mUsed is set. Thus
** when (mUsed+1==(1 << nEntry)) the block is completely full.
**
** Each time a slot within a block is freed, the block is moved to the start
** of the linked-list. And if a block becomes completely full, then it is
** moved to the end of the list. As a result, when searching for a free
** slot, only the first block in the list need be examined. If it is full,
** then it is guaranteed that all blocks are full.
*/
struct PGroupBlockList {
  int nByte;                     /* Size of each allocation in bytes */
  PGroupBlock *pFirst;           /* First PGroupBlock in list */
  PGroupBlock *pLast;            /* Last PGroupBlock in list */
  PGroupBlockList *pNext;        /* Next block-list attached to group */
};

struct PGroupBlock {
  Bitmask mUsed;                 /* Mask of used slots */
  int nEntry;                    /* Maximum number of allocations in aData[] */
  u8 *aData;                     /* Pointer to data block */
  PGroupBlock *pNext;            /* Next PGroupBlock in list */
  PGroupBlock *pPrev;            /* Previous PGroupBlock in list */
  PGroupBlockList *pList;        /* Owner list */
};

/* Minimum value for PGroupBlock.nEntry */
#define PAGECACHE_BLOCKALLOC_MINENTRY 15

/* Each page cache is an instance of the following object.  Every
** open database file (including each in-memory database and each
** temporary or transient database) has a single page cache which
** is an instance of this object.
**
** Pointers to structures of this type are cast and returned as 
** opaque sqlite3_pcache* handles.
................................................................................
** a pointer to a block of szPage bytes of data and the return value is
** a pointer to the associated PgHdr1 structure.
**
**   assert( PGHDR1_TO_PAGE(PAGE_TO_PGHDR1(pCache, X))==X );
*/
#define PGHDR1_TO_PAGE(p)    (void*)(((char*)p) - p->pCache->szPage)
#define PAGE_TO_PGHDR1(c, p) (PgHdr1*)(((char*)p) + c->szPage)

/*
** Blocks used by the SQLITE_PAGECACHE_BLOCKALLOC blocks to store/retrieve 
** a PGroupBlock pointer based on a pointer to a page buffer. 
*/
#define PAGE_SET_BLOCKPTR(pCache, pPg, pBlock) \
  ( *(PGroupBlock **)&(((u8*)pPg)[sizeof(PgHdr1) + pCache->szPage]) = pBlock )

#define PAGE_GET_BLOCKPTR(pCache, pPg) \
  ( *(PGroupBlock **)&(((u8*)pPg)[sizeof(PgHdr1) + pCache->szPage]) )


/*
** Macros to enter and leave the PCache LRU mutex.
*/
#define pcache1EnterMutex(X) sqlite3_mutex_enter((X)->mutex)
#define pcache1LeaveMutex(X) sqlite3_mutex_leave((X)->mutex)

................................................................................
    iSize = sqlite3MallocSize(p);
    sqlite3MemdebugSetType(p, MEMTYPE_PCACHE);
    return iSize;
  }
}
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT */

#ifdef SQLITE_PAGECACHE_BLOCKALLOC
/*
** The block pBlock belongs to list pList but is not currently linked in.
** Insert it into the start of the list.
*/
static void addBlockToList(PGroupBlockList *pList, PGroupBlock *pBlock){
  pBlock->pPrev = 0;
  pBlock->pNext = pList->pFirst;
  pList->pFirst = pBlock;
  if( pBlock->pNext ){
    pBlock->pNext->pPrev = pBlock;
  }else{
    assert( pList->pLast==0 );
    pList->pLast = pBlock;
  }
}

/*
** If there are no blocks in the list headed by pList, remove pList
** from the pGroup->pBlockList list and free it with sqlite3_free().
*/
static void freeListIfEmpty(PGroup *pGroup, PGroupBlockList *pList){
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pGroup->mutex) );
  if( pList->pFirst==0 ){
    PGroupBlockList **pp;
    for(pp=&pGroup->pBlockList; *pp!=pList; pp=&(*pp)->pNext);
    *pp = (*pp)->pNext;
    sqlite3_free(pList);
  }
}
#endif /* SQLITE_PAGECACHE_BLOCKALLOC */

/*
** Allocate a new page object initially associated with cache pCache.
*/
static PgHdr1 *pcache1AllocPage(PCache1 *pCache){
  int nByte = sizeof(PgHdr1) + pCache->szPage;
  void *pPg = 0;
  PgHdr1 *p;


#ifdef SQLITE_PAGECACHE_BLOCKALLOC
  PGroup *pGroup = pCache->pGroup;
  PGroupBlockList *pList;
  PGroupBlock *pBlock;
  int i;

  nByte += sizeof(PGroupBlockList *);
  nByte = ROUND8(nByte);

  for(pList=pGroup->pBlockList; pList; pList=pList->pNext){
    if( pList->nByte==nByte ) break;
  }
  if( pList==0 ){
    PGroupBlockList *pNew;
    assert( pGroup->isBusy==0 );
    assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pGroup->mutex) );
    pGroup->isBusy = 1;  /* Disable sqlite3PcacheReleaseMemory() */
    pNew = (PGroupBlockList *)sqlite3MallocZero(sizeof(PGroupBlockList));
    pGroup->isBusy = 0;  /* Reenable sqlite3PcacheReleaseMemory() */
    if( pNew==0 ){
      /* malloc() failure. Return early. */
      return 0;
    }
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    for(pList=pGroup->pBlockList; pList; pList=pList->pNext){
      assert( pList->nByte!=nByte );
    }
#endif
    pNew->nByte = nByte;
    pNew->pNext = pGroup->pBlockList;
    pGroup->pBlockList = pNew;
    pList = pNew;
  }

  pBlock = pList->pFirst;
  if( pBlock==0 || pBlock->mUsed==(((Bitmask)1<<pBlock->nEntry)-1) ){
    int sz;

    /* Allocate a new block. Try to allocate enough space for the PGroupBlock
    ** structure and MINENTRY allocations of nByte bytes each. If the 
    ** allocator returns more memory than requested, then more than MINENTRY 
    ** allocations may fit in it. */
    assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pGroup->mutex) );
    pcache1LeaveMutex(pCache->pGroup);
    sz = sizeof(PGroupBlock) + PAGECACHE_BLOCKALLOC_MINENTRY * nByte;
    pBlock = (PGroupBlock *)sqlite3Malloc(sz);
    pcache1EnterMutex(pCache->pGroup);

    if( !pBlock ){
      freeListIfEmpty(pGroup, pList);
      return 0;
    }
    pBlock->nEntry = (sqlite3MallocSize(pBlock) - sizeof(PGroupBlock)) / nByte;
    if( pBlock->nEntry>=BMS ){
      pBlock->nEntry = BMS-1;
    }
    pBlock->pList = pList;
    pBlock->mUsed = 0;
    pBlock->aData = (u8 *)&pBlock[1];
    addBlockToList(pList, pBlock);

    sz = sqlite3MallocSize(pBlock);
    sqlite3_mutex_enter(pcache1.mutex);
    sqlite3StatusAdd(SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_OVERFLOW, sz);
    sqlite3_mutex_leave(pcache1.mutex);
  }

  for(i=0; pPg==0 && ALWAYS(i<pBlock->nEntry); i++){
    if( 0==(pBlock->mUsed & ((Bitmask)1<<i)) ){
      pBlock->mUsed |= ((Bitmask)1<<i);
      pPg = (void *)&pBlock->aData[pList->nByte * i];
    }
  }
  assert( pPg );
  PAGE_SET_BLOCKPTR(pCache, pPg, pBlock);

  /* If the block is now full, shift it to the end of the list */
  if( pBlock->mUsed==(((Bitmask)1<<pBlock->nEntry)-1) && pList->pLast!=pBlock ){
    assert( pList->pFirst==pBlock );
    assert( pBlock->pPrev==0 );
    assert( pList->pLast->pNext==0 );
    pList->pFirst = pBlock->pNext;
    pList->pFirst->pPrev = 0;
    pBlock->pPrev = pList->pLast;
    pBlock->pNext = 0;
    pList->pLast->pNext = pBlock;
    pList->pLast = pBlock;
  }
  p = PAGE_TO_PGHDR1(pCache, pPg);
  if( pCache->bPurgeable ){
    pCache->pGroup->nCurrentPage++;
  }
#else
  /* The group mutex must be released before pcache1Alloc() is called. This
  ** is because it may call sqlite3_release_memory(), which assumes that 
  ** this mutex is not held. */
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCache->pGroup->mutex) );
  pcache1LeaveMutex(pCache->pGroup);
  pPg = pcache1Alloc(nByte);
  pcache1EnterMutex(pCache->pGroup);

  if( pPg ){
    p = PAGE_TO_PGHDR1(pCache, pPg);
    if( pCache->bPurgeable ){
      pCache->pGroup->nCurrentPage++;
    }
  }else{
    p = 0;
  }
#endif
  return p;
}

/*
** Free a page object allocated by pcache1AllocPage().
**
** The pointer is allowed to be NULL, which is prudent.  But it turns out
** that the current implementation happens to never call this routine
** with a NULL pointer, so we mark the NULL test with ALWAYS().
*/
static void pcache1FreePage(PgHdr1 *p){
  if( ALWAYS(p) ){
    PCache1 *pCache = p->pCache;
    void *pPg = PGHDR1_TO_PAGE(p);

#ifdef SQLITE_PAGECACHE_BLOCKALLOC
    PGroupBlock *pBlock = PAGE_GET_BLOCKPTR(pCache, pPg);
    PGroupBlockList *pList = pBlock->pList;
    int i = ((u8 *)pPg - pBlock->aData) / pList->nByte;

    assert( pPg==(void *)&pBlock->aData[i*pList->nByte] );
    assert( pBlock->mUsed & ((Bitmask)1<<i) );
    pBlock->mUsed &= ~((Bitmask)1<<i);

    /* Remove the block from the list. If it is completely empty, free it.
    ** Or if it is not completely empty, re-insert it at the start of the
    ** list. */
    if( pList->pFirst==pBlock ){
      pList->pFirst = pBlock->pNext;
      if( pList->pFirst ) pList->pFirst->pPrev = 0;
    }else{
      pBlock->pPrev->pNext = pBlock->pNext;
    }
    if( pList->pLast==pBlock ){
      pList->pLast = pBlock->pPrev;
      if( pList->pLast ) pList->pLast->pNext = 0;
    }else{
      pBlock->pNext->pPrev = pBlock->pPrev;
    }

    if( pBlock->mUsed==0 ){
      PGroup *pGroup = p->pCache->pGroup;

      int sz = sqlite3MallocSize(pBlock);
      sqlite3_mutex_enter(pcache1.mutex);
      sqlite3StatusAdd(SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_OVERFLOW, -sz);
      sqlite3_mutex_leave(pcache1.mutex);
      freeListIfEmpty(pGroup, pList);
      sqlite3_free(pBlock);
    }else{
      addBlockToList(pList, pBlock);
    }
#else
    assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(p->pCache->pGroup->mutex) );
    pcache1Free(pPg);
#endif
    if( pCache->bPurgeable ){
      pCache->pGroup->nCurrentPage--;
    }
  }
}

/*
................................................................................
**
** nReq is the number of bytes of memory required. Once this much has
** been released, the function returns. The return value is the total number 
** of bytes of memory released.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PcacheReleaseMemory(int nReq){
  int nFree = 0;
#ifdef SQLITE_PAGECACHE_BLOCKALLOC
  if( pcache1.grp.isBusy ) return 0;
#endif
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_notheld(pcache1.grp.mutex) );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_notheld(pcache1.mutex) );
  if( pcache1.pStart==0 ){
    PgHdr1 *p;
    pcache1EnterMutex(&pcache1.grp);
    while( (nReq<0 || nFree<nReq) && ((p=pcache1.grp.pLruTail)!=0) ){
      nFree += pcache1MemSize(PGHDR1_TO_PAGE(p));
................................................................................
  u8 noSync;                  /* Do not sync the journal if true */
  u8 fullSync;                /* Do extra syncs of the journal for robustness */
  u8 ckptSyncFlags;           /* SYNC_NORMAL or SYNC_FULL for checkpoint */
  u8 syncFlags;               /* SYNC_NORMAL or SYNC_FULL otherwise */
  u8 tempFile;                /* zFilename is a temporary file */
  u8 readOnly;                /* True for a read-only database */
  u8 memDb;                   /* True to inhibit all file I/O */
  u8 hasSeenStress;           /* pagerStress() called one or more times */

  /**************************************************************************
  ** The following block contains those class members that change during
  ** routine opertion.  Class members not in this block are either fixed
  ** when the pager is first created or else only change when there is a
  ** significant mode change (such as changing the page_size, locking_mode,
  ** or the journal_mode).  From another view, these class members describe
................................................................................
  int pageSize;               /* Number of bytes in a page */
  Pgno mxPgno;                /* Maximum allowed size of the database */
  i64 journalSizeLimit;       /* Size limit for persistent journal files */
  char *zFilename;            /* Name of the database file */
  char *zJournal;             /* Name of the journal file */
  int (*xBusyHandler)(void*); /* Function to call when busy */
  void *pBusyHandlerArg;      /* Context argument for xBusyHandler */

#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
  int nHit, nMiss;            /* Cache hits and missing */
  int nRead, nWrite;          /* Database pages read/written */
#endif
  void (*xReiniter)(DbPage*); /* Call this routine when reloading pages */
#ifdef SQLITE_HAS_CODEC
  void *(*xCodec)(void*,void*,Pgno,int); /* Routine for en/decoding data */
  void (*xCodecSizeChng)(void*,int,int); /* Notify of page size changes */
  void (*xCodecFree)(void*);             /* Destructor for the codec */
................................................................................
      if( needPagerReset ){
        pager_reset(pPager);
        needPagerReset = 0;
      }
      rc = pager_playback_one_page(pPager,&pPager->journalOff,0,1,0);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        if( rc==SQLITE_DONE ){
          rc = SQLITE_OK;
          pPager->journalOff = szJ;
          break;
        }else if( rc==SQLITE_IOERR_SHORT_READ ){
          /* If the journal has been truncated, simply stop reading and
          ** processing the journal. This might happen if the journal was
          ** not completely written and synced prior to a crash.  In that
          ** case, the database should have never been written in the
................................................................................
){
  int rc;                         /* Return code */
#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) || defined(SQLITE_CHECK_PAGES)
  PgHdr *p;                       /* For looping over pages */
#endif

  assert( pPager->pWal );

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  /* Verify that the page list is in accending order */
  for(p=pList; p && p->pDirty; p=p->pDirty){
    assert( p->pgno < p->pDirty->pgno );
  }
#endif

................................................................................
  ** pages belonging to the same sector.
  **
  ** The doNotSpill flag inhibits all cache spilling regardless of whether
  ** or not a sync is required.  This is set during a rollback.
  **
  ** Spilling is also prohibited when in an error state since that could
  ** lead to database corruption.   In the current implementaton it 
  ** is impossible for sqlite3PCacheFetch() to be called with createFlag==1
  ** while in the error state, hence it is impossible for this routine to
  ** be called in the error state.  Nevertheless, we include a NEVER()
  ** test for the error state as a safeguard against future changes.
  */
  pPager->hasSeenStress = 1;
  if( NEVER(pPager->errCode) ) return SQLITE_OK;
  if( pPager->doNotSpill ) return SQLITE_OK;
  if( pPager->doNotSyncSpill && (pPg->flags & PGHDR_NEED_SYNC)!=0 ){
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

  pPg->pDirty = 0;
................................................................................
  assert( (*ppPage)->pgno==pgno );
  assert( (*ppPage)->pPager==pPager || (*ppPage)->pPager==0 );

  if( (*ppPage)->pPager && !noContent ){
    /* In this case the pcache already contains an initialized copy of
    ** the page. Return without further ado.  */
    assert( pgno<=PAGER_MAX_PGNO && pgno!=PAGER_MJ_PGNO(pPager) );
    PAGER_INCR(pPager->nHit);
    return SQLITE_OK;

  }else{
    /* The pager cache has created a new page. Its content needs to 
    ** be initialized.  */

    PAGER_INCR(pPager->nMiss);
    pPg = *ppPage;
    pPg->pPager = pPager;

    /* The maximum page number is 2^31. Return SQLITE_CORRUPT if a page
    ** number greater than this, or the unused locking-page, is requested. */
    if( pgno>PAGER_MAX_PGNO || pgno==PAGER_MJ_PGNO(pPager) ){
      rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
................................................................................
        testcase( rc==SQLITE_NOMEM );
        sqlite3EndBenignMalloc();
      }
      memset(pPg->pData, 0, pPager->pageSize);
      IOTRACE(("ZERO %p %d\n", pPager, pgno));
    }else{
      assert( pPg->pPager==pPager );

      rc = readDbPage(pPg);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        goto pager_acquire_err;
      }
    }
    pager_set_pagehash(pPg);
  }
................................................................................
  a[7] = pPager->nMiss;
  a[8] = 0;  /* Used to be pPager->nOvfl */
  a[9] = pPager->nRead;
  a[10] = pPager->nWrite;
  return a;
}
#endif


























/*
** Return true if this is an in-memory pager.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerIsMemdb(Pager *pPager){
  return MEMDB;
}
................................................................................
      rc = sqlite3WalClose(pPager->pWal, pPager->ckptSyncFlags,
                           pPager->pageSize, (u8*)pPager->pTmpSpace);
      pPager->pWal = 0;
    }
  }
  return rc;
}








#ifdef SQLITE_HAS_CODEC
/*
** This function is called by the wal module when writing page content
** into the log file.
**
** This function returns a pointer to a buffer containing the encrypted
................................................................................
  /* If iRead is non-zero, then it is the log frame number that contains the
  ** required page. Read and return data from the log file.
  */
  if( iRead ){
    int sz;
    i64 iOffset;
    sz = pWal->hdr.szPage;
    sz = (pWal->hdr.szPage&0xfe00) + ((pWal->hdr.szPage&0x0001)<<16);
    testcase( sz<=32768 );
    testcase( sz>=65536 );
    iOffset = walFrameOffset(iRead, sz) + WAL_FRAME_HDRSIZE;
    *pInWal = 1;
    /* testcase( IS_BIG_INT(iOffset) ); // requires a 4GiB WAL */
    return sqlite3OsRead(pWal->pWalFd, pOut, nOut, iOffset);
  }
................................................................................
  ** If this Btree is a candidate for shared cache, try to find an
  ** existing BtShared object that we can share with
  */
  if( isMemdb==0 && isTempDb==0 ){
    if( vfsFlags & SQLITE_OPEN_SHAREDCACHE ){
      int nFullPathname = pVfs->mxPathname+1;
      char *zFullPathname = sqlite3Malloc(nFullPathname);
      sqlite3_mutex *mutexShared;
      p->sharable = 1;
      if( !zFullPathname ){
        sqlite3_free(p);
        return SQLITE_NOMEM;
      }
      sqlite3OsFullPathname(pVfs, zFilename, nFullPathname, zFullPathname);

      mutexOpen = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_OPEN);
      sqlite3_mutex_enter(mutexOpen);
      mutexShared = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER);
      sqlite3_mutex_enter(mutexShared);

      for(pBt=GLOBAL(BtShared*,sqlite3SharedCacheList); pBt; pBt=pBt->pNext){
        assert( pBt->nRef>0 );
        if( 0==strcmp(zFullPathname, sqlite3PagerFilename(pBt->pPager))
                 && sqlite3PagerVfs(pBt->pPager)==pVfs ){
          int iDb;
          for(iDb=db->nDb-1; iDb>=0; iDb--){
            Btree *pExisting = db->aDb[iDb].pBt;
................................................................................
    pBt->usableSize = pBt->pageSize - nReserve;
    assert( (pBt->pageSize & 7)==0 );  /* 8-byte alignment of pageSize */
   
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_DISKIO)
    /* Add the new BtShared object to the linked list sharable BtShareds.
    */
    if( p->sharable ){
      sqlite3_mutex *mutexShared;
      pBt->nRef = 1;
      mutexShared = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER);
      if( SQLITE_THREADSAFE && sqlite3GlobalConfig.bCoreMutex ){
        pBt->mutex = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST);
        if( pBt->mutex==0 ){
          rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
          db->mallocFailed = 0;
          goto btree_open_out;
        }
................................................................................
** Decrement the BtShared.nRef counter.  When it reaches zero,
** remove the BtShared structure from the sharing list.  Return
** true if the BtShared.nRef counter reaches zero and return
** false if it is still positive.
*/
static int removeFromSharingList(BtShared *pBt){
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE
  sqlite3_mutex *pMaster;
  BtShared *pList;
  int removed = 0;

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_notheld(pBt->mutex) );
  pMaster = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER);
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(pMaster);
  pBt->nRef--;
  if( pBt->nRef<=0 ){
    if( GLOBAL(BtShared*,sqlite3SharedCacheList)==pBt ){
      GLOBAL(BtShared*,sqlite3SharedCacheList) = pBt->pNext;
    }else{
      pList = GLOBAL(BtShared*,sqlite3SharedCacheList);
................................................................................
#endif
          rc = getOverflowPage(pBt, nextPage, 0, &nextPage);
        offset -= ovflSize;
      }else{
        /* Need to read this page properly. It contains some of the
        ** range of data that is being read (eOp==0) or written (eOp!=0).
        */
        DbPage *pDbPage;


        int a = amt;


































        rc = sqlite3PagerGet(pBt->pPager, nextPage, &pDbPage);
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          aPayload = sqlite3PagerGetData(pDbPage);
          nextPage = get4byte(aPayload);
          if( a + offset > ovflSize ){
            a = ovflSize - offset;
          }
          rc = copyPayload(&aPayload[offset+4], pBuf, a, eOp, pDbPage);
          sqlite3PagerUnref(pDbPage);
          offset = 0;


          amt -= a;
          pBuf += a;
        }
      }
    }
  }

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && amt>0 ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }
................................................................................
          c = sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(nCell, pCellKey, pIdxKey);
          sqlite3_free(pCellKey);
        }
      }
      if( c==0 ){
        if( pPage->intKey && !pPage->leaf ){
          lwr = idx;
          upr = lwr - 1;
          break;
        }else{
          *pRes = 0;
          rc = SQLITE_OK;
          goto moveto_finish;
        }
      }
................................................................................
        upr = idx-1;
      }
      if( lwr>upr ){
        break;
      }
      pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage] = (u16)(idx = (lwr+upr)/2);
    }
    assert( lwr==upr+1 );
    assert( pPage->isInit );
    if( pPage->leaf ){
      chldPg = 0;
    }else if( lwr>=pPage->nCell ){
      chldPg = get4byte(&pPage->aData[pPage->hdrOffset+8]);
    }else{
      chldPg = get4byte(findCell(pPage, lwr));
................................................................................
      }else{
        rc = btreeGetPage(pBt, iTrunk, &pTrunk, 0);
      }
      if( rc ){
        pTrunk = 0;
        goto end_allocate_page;
      }



      k = get4byte(&pTrunk->aData[4]); /* # of leaves on this trunk page */
      if( k==0 && !searchList ){
        /* The trunk has no leaves and the list is not being searched. 
        ** So extract the trunk page itself and use it as the newly 
        ** allocated page */
        assert( pPrevTrunk==0 );
................................................................................
      /* Drop the cell from the parent page. apDiv[i] still points to
      ** the cell within the parent, even though it has been dropped.
      ** This is safe because dropping a cell only overwrites the first
      ** four bytes of it, and this function does not need the first
      ** four bytes of the divider cell. So the pointer is safe to use
      ** later on.  
      **
      ** Unless SQLite is compiled in secure-delete mode. In this case,
      ** the dropCell() routine will overwrite the entire cell with zeroes.
      ** In this case, temporarily copy the cell into the aOvflSpace[]
      ** buffer. It will be copied out again as soon as the aSpace[] buffer
      ** is allocated.  */
      if( pBt->secureDelete ){


        int iOff = SQLITE_PTR_TO_INT(apDiv[i]) - SQLITE_PTR_TO_INT(pParent->aData);
        if( (iOff+szNew[i])>(int)pBt->usableSize ){
          rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
          memset(apOld, 0, (i+1)*sizeof(MemPage*));
          goto balance_cleanup;
        }else{
          memcpy(&aOvflSpace[iOff], apDiv[i], szNew[i]);
          apDiv[i] = &aOvflSpace[apDiv[i]-pParent->aData];
................................................................................
    k = 0;                             /* Current 'new' sibling page */
    for(i=0; i<nCell; i++){
      int isDivider = 0;
      while( i==iNextOld ){
        /* Cell i is the cell immediately following the last cell on old
        ** sibling page j. If the siblings are not leaf pages of an
        ** intkey b-tree, then cell i was a divider cell. */

        pOld = apCopy[++j];
        iNextOld = i + !leafData + pOld->nCell + pOld->nOverflow;
        if( pOld->nOverflow ){
          nOverflow = pOld->nOverflow;
          iOverflow = i + !leafData + pOld->aOvfl[0].idx;
        }
        isDivider = !leafData;  
................................................................................
}

/*
** Release all resources associated with an sqlite3_backup* handle.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_backup_finish(sqlite3_backup *p){
  sqlite3_backup **pp;                 /* Ptr to head of pagers backup list */
  sqlite3_mutex *mutex;                /* Mutex to protect source database */
  int rc;                              /* Value to return */

  /* Enter the mutexes */
  if( p==0 ) return SQLITE_OK;
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(p->pSrcDb->mutex);
  sqlite3BtreeEnter(p->pSrc);
  mutex = p->pSrcDb->mutex;
  if( p->pDestDb ){
    sqlite3_mutex_enter(p->pDestDb->mutex);
  }

  /* Detach this backup from the source pager. */
  if( p->pDestDb ){
    p->pSrc->nBackup--;
................................................................................
**
** The size of file pTo may be reduced by this operation. If anything 
** goes wrong, the transaction on pTo is rolled back. If successful, the 
** transaction is committed before returning.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeCopyFile(Btree *pTo, Btree *pFrom){
  int rc;

  sqlite3_backup b;
  sqlite3BtreeEnter(pTo);
  sqlite3BtreeEnter(pFrom);








  /* Set up an sqlite3_backup object. sqlite3_backup.pDestDb must be set
  ** to 0. This is used by the implementations of sqlite3_backup_step()
  ** and sqlite3_backup_finish() to detect that they are being called
  ** from this function, not directly by the user.
  */
  memset(&b, 0, sizeof(b));
................................................................................
  ** or an error code.
  */
  sqlite3_backup_step(&b, 0x7FFFFFFF);
  assert( b.rc!=SQLITE_OK );
  rc = sqlite3_backup_finish(&b);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    pTo->pBt->pageSizeFixed = 0;


  }


  sqlite3BtreeLeave(pFrom);
  sqlite3BtreeLeave(pTo);
  return rc;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VACUUM */

/************** End of backup.c **********************************************/
................................................................................

  if( !pExpr ){
    *ppVal = 0;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  op = pExpr->op;

  /* op can only be TK_REGISTER if we have compiled with SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2.
  ** The ifdef here is to enable us to achieve 100% branch test coverage even
  ** when SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2 is omitted.
  */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2
  if( op==TK_REGISTER ) op = pExpr->op2;
#else
  if( NEVER(op==TK_REGISTER) ) op = pExpr->op2;
#endif

  /* Handle negative integers in a single step.  This is needed in the
  ** case when the value is -9223372036854775808.
................................................................................
}

/*
** Change the P2 operand of instruction addr so that it points to
** the address of the next instruction to be coded.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(Vdbe *p, int addr){
  assert( addr>=0 );
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP2(p, addr, p->nOp);
}


/*
** If the input FuncDef structure is ephemeral, then free it.  If
** the FuncDef is not ephermal, then do nothing.
*/
................................................................................
#ifndef NDEBUG
/*
** Change the comment on the the most recently coded instruction.  Or
** insert a No-op and add the comment to that new instruction.  This
** makes the code easier to read during debugging.  None of this happens
** in a production build.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeComment(Vdbe *p, const char *zFormat, ...){
  va_list ap;
  if( !p ) return;
  assert( p->nOp>0 || p->aOp==0 );
  assert( p->aOp==0 || p->aOp[p->nOp-1].zComment==0 || p->db->mallocFailed );
  if( p->nOp ){

    char **pz = &p->aOp[p->nOp-1].zComment;






    va_start(ap, zFormat);
    sqlite3DbFree(p->db, *pz);
    *pz = sqlite3VMPrintf(p->db, zFormat, ap);
    va_end(ap);
  }
}
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeNoopComment(Vdbe *p, const char *zFormat, ...){
  va_list ap;
  if( !p ) return;
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(p, OP_Noop);
  assert( p->nOp>0 || p->aOp==0 );
  assert( p->aOp==0 || p->aOp[p->nOp-1].zComment==0 || p->db->mallocFailed );
  if( p->nOp ){
    char **pz = &p->aOp[p->nOp-1].zComment;
    va_start(ap, zFormat);
    sqlite3DbFree(p->db, *pz);
    *pz = sqlite3VMPrintf(p->db, zFormat, ap);
    va_end(ap);
  }
}
#endif  /* NDEBUG */

/*
** Return the opcode for a given address.  If the address is -1, then
................................................................................
  int nRow;                            /* Stop when row count reaches this */
  int nSub = 0;                        /* Number of sub-vdbes seen so far */
  SubProgram **apSub = 0;              /* Array of sub-vdbes */
  Mem *pSub = 0;                       /* Memory cell hold array of subprogs */
  sqlite3 *db = p->db;                 /* The database connection */
  int i;                               /* Loop counter */
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;                  /* Return code */
  Mem *pMem = p->pResultSet = &p->aMem[1];  /* First Mem of result set */

  assert( p->explain );
  assert( p->magic==VDBE_MAGIC_RUN );
  assert( p->rc==SQLITE_OK || p->rc==SQLITE_BUSY || p->rc==SQLITE_NOMEM );

  /* Even though this opcode does not use dynamic strings for
  ** the result, result columns may become dynamic if the user calls
  ** sqlite3_column_text16(), causing a translation to UTF-16 encoding.
  */
  releaseMemArray(pMem, 8);


  if( p->rc==SQLITE_NOMEM ){
    /* This happens if a malloc() inside a call to sqlite3_column_text() or
    ** sqlite3_column_text16() failed.  */
    db->mallocFailed = 1;
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
................................................................................
      {
        pMem->flags = MEM_Null;                       /* Comment */
        pMem->type = SQLITE_NULL;
      }
    }

    p->nResColumn = 8 - 4*(p->explain-1);

    p->rc = SQLITE_OK;
    rc = SQLITE_ROW;
  }
  return rc;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN */

................................................................................
/*
** Each VDBE holds the result of the most recent sqlite3_step() call
** in p->rc.  This routine sets that result back to SQLITE_OK.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeResetStepResult(Vdbe *p){
  p->rc = SQLITE_OK;
}

























/*
** Clean up a VDBE after execution but do not delete the VDBE just yet.
** Write any error messages into *pzErrMsg.  Return the result code.
**
** After this routine is run, the VDBE should be ready to be executed
** again.
................................................................................

  /* If the VDBE has be run even partially, then transfer the error code
  ** and error message from the VDBE into the main database structure.  But
  ** if the VDBE has just been set to run but has not actually executed any
  ** instructions yet, leave the main database error information unchanged.
  */
  if( p->pc>=0 ){
    if( p->zErrMsg ){
      sqlite3BeginBenignMalloc();
      sqlite3ValueSetStr(db->pErr,-1,p->zErrMsg,SQLITE_UTF8,SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
      sqlite3EndBenignMalloc();
      db->errCode = p->rc;
      sqlite3DbFree(db, p->zErrMsg);
      p->zErrMsg = 0;
    }else if( p->rc ){
      sqlite3Error(db, p->rc, 0);
    }else{
      sqlite3Error(db, SQLITE_OK, 0);
    }
    if( p->runOnlyOnce ) p->expired = 1;
  }else if( p->rc && p->expired ){
    /* The expired flag was set on the VDBE before the first call
    ** to sqlite3_step(). For consistency (since sqlite3_step() was
    ** called), set the database error in this case as well.
    */
    sqlite3Error(db, p->rc, 0);
................................................................................

  /* Get the size of the index entry.  Only indices entries of less
  ** than 2GiB are support - anything large must be database corruption.
  ** Any corruption is detected in sqlite3BtreeParseCellPtr(), though, so
  ** this code can safely assume that nCellKey is 32-bits  
  */
  assert( sqlite3BtreeCursorIsValid(pCur) );
  rc = sqlite3BtreeKeySize(pCur, &nCellKey);
  assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );     /* pCur is always valid so KeySize cannot fail */
  assert( (nCellKey & SQLITE_MAX_U32)==(u64)nCellKey );

  /* Read in the complete content of the index entry */
  memset(&m, 0, sizeof(m));
  rc = sqlite3VdbeMemFromBtree(pCur, 0, (int)nCellKey, 1, &m);
  if( rc ){
................................................................................
){
  i64 nCellKey = 0;
  int rc;
  BtCursor *pCur = pC->pCursor;
  Mem m;

  assert( sqlite3BtreeCursorIsValid(pCur) );
  rc = sqlite3BtreeKeySize(pCur, &nCellKey);
  assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );    /* pCur is always valid so KeySize cannot fail */
  /* nCellKey will always be between 0 and 0xffffffff because of the say
  ** that btreeParseCellPtr() and sqlite3GetVarint32() are implemented */
  if( nCellKey<=0 || nCellKey>0x7fffffff ){
    *res = 0;
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }
................................................................................
  );
  assert( p->rc!=SQLITE_ROW && p->rc!=SQLITE_DONE );
  if( p->isPrepareV2 && rc!=SQLITE_ROW && rc!=SQLITE_DONE ){
    /* If this statement was prepared using sqlite3_prepare_v2(), and an
    ** error has occured, then return the error code in p->rc to the
    ** caller. Set the error code in the database handle to the same value.
    */ 
    rc = db->errCode = p->rc;
  }
  return (rc&db->errMask);
}

/*
** The maximum number of times that a statement will try to reparse
** itself before giving up and returning SQLITE_SCHEMA.
................................................................................
    if( u.am.pC->nullRow ){
      u.am.payloadSize = 0;
    }else if( u.am.pC->cacheStatus==p->cacheCtr ){
      u.am.payloadSize = u.am.pC->payloadSize;
      u.am.zRec = (char*)u.am.pC->aRow;
    }else if( u.am.pC->isIndex ){
      assert( sqlite3BtreeCursorIsValid(u.am.pCrsr) );
      rc = sqlite3BtreeKeySize(u.am.pCrsr, &u.am.payloadSize64);
      assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );   /* True because of CursorMoveto() call above */
      /* sqlite3BtreeParseCellPtr() uses getVarint32() to extract the
      ** payload size, so it is impossible for u.am.payloadSize64 to be
      ** larger than 32 bits. */
      assert( (u.am.payloadSize64 & SQLITE_MAX_U32)==(u64)u.am.payloadSize64 );
      u.am.payloadSize = (u32)u.am.payloadSize64;
    }else{
      assert( sqlite3BtreeCursorIsValid(u.am.pCrsr) );
      rc = sqlite3BtreeDataSize(u.am.pCrsr, &u.am.payloadSize);
      assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );   /* DataSize() cannot fail */
    }
  }else if( ALWAYS(u.am.pC->pseudoTableReg>0) ){
    u.am.pReg = &aMem[u.am.pC->pseudoTableReg];
    assert( u.am.pReg->flags & MEM_Blob );
    assert( memIsValid(u.am.pReg) );
    u.am.payloadSize = u.am.pReg->n;
................................................................................
  */
  assert( u.bk.pC->deferredMoveto==0 );
  rc = sqlite3VdbeCursorMoveto(u.bk.pC);
  if( NEVER(rc!=SQLITE_OK) ) goto abort_due_to_error;

  if( u.bk.pC->isIndex ){
    assert( !u.bk.pC->isTable );
    rc = sqlite3BtreeKeySize(u.bk.pCrsr, &u.bk.n64);
    assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );    /* True because of CursorMoveto() call above */
    if( u.bk.n64>db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_LENGTH] ){
      goto too_big;
    }
    u.bk.n = (u32)u.bk.n64;
  }else{
    rc = sqlite3BtreeDataSize(u.bk.pCrsr, &u.bk.n);
    assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );    /* DataSize() cannot fail */
    if( u.bk.n>(u32)db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_LENGTH] ){
      goto too_big;
    }
  }
  if( sqlite3VdbeMemGrow(pOut, u.bk.n, 0) ){
    goto no_mem;
................................................................................
  int res;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.bn */

  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  u.bn.pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( u.bn.pC!=0 );
  u.bn.pCrsr = u.bn.pC->pCursor;
  if( NEVER(u.bn.pCrsr==0) ){
    u.bn.res = 1;
  }else{

    rc = sqlite3BtreeLast(u.bn.pCrsr, &u.bn.res);
  }
  u.bn.pC->nullRow = (u8)u.bn.res;
  u.bn.pC->deferredMoveto = 0;
  u.bn.pC->rowidIsValid = 0;
  u.bn.pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
  if( pOp->p2>0 && u.bn.res ){
................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
  u.ch.zFilename = sqlite3PagerFilename(u.ch.pPager);

  /* Do not allow a transition to journal_mode=WAL for a database
  ** in temporary storage or if the VFS does not support shared memory
  */
  if( u.ch.eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL
   && (u.ch.zFilename[0]==0                         /* Temp file */
       || !sqlite3PagerWalSupported(u.ch.pPager))   /* No shared-memory support */
  ){
    u.ch.eNew = u.ch.eOld;
  }

  if( (u.ch.eNew!=u.ch.eOld)
   && (u.ch.eOld==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL || u.ch.eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL)
................................................................................

  u.co.pVtab = pOp->p4.pVtab->pVtab;
  u.co.pName = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  assert( u.co.pVtab->pModule->xRename );
  assert( memIsValid(u.co.pName) );
  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p1, u.co.pName);
  assert( u.co.pName->flags & MEM_Str );





  rc = u.co.pVtab->pModule->xRename(u.co.pVtab, u.co.pName->z);
  importVtabErrMsg(p, u.co.pVtab);
  p->expired = 0;

  break;
}
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
/* Opcode: VUpdate P1 P2 P3 P4 *
**
................................................................................
  ** allowing it to be repopulated by the memcpy() on the following line.
  */
  ExprSetProperty(pExpr, EP_Static);
  sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pExpr);
  memcpy(pExpr, pDup, sizeof(*pExpr));
  sqlite3DbFree(db, pDup);
}



















/*
** Given the name of a column of the form X.Y.Z or Y.Z or just Z, look up
** that name in the set of source tables in pSrcList and make the pExpr 
** expression node refer back to that source column.  The following changes
** are made to pExpr:
**
................................................................................
          pExpr->iTable = pItem->iCursor;
          pExpr->pTab = pTab;
          pSchema = pTab->pSchema;
          pMatch = pItem;
        }
        for(j=0, pCol=pTab->aCol; j<pTab->nCol; j++, pCol++){
          if( sqlite3StrICmp(pCol->zName, zCol)==0 ){
            IdList *pUsing;







            cnt++;
            pExpr->iTable = pItem->iCursor;
            pExpr->pTab = pTab;
            pMatch = pItem;
            pSchema = pTab->pSchema;
            /* Substitute the rowid (column -1) for the INTEGER PRIMARY KEY */
            pExpr->iColumn = j==pTab->iPKey ? -1 : (i16)j;
            if( i<pSrcList->nSrc-1 ){
              if( pItem[1].jointype & JT_NATURAL ){
                /* If this match occurred in the left table of a natural join,
                ** then skip the right table to avoid a duplicate match */
                pItem++;
                i++;
              }else if( (pUsing = pItem[1].pUsing)!=0 ){
                /* If this match occurs on a column that is in the USING clause
                ** of a join, skip the search of the right table of the join
                ** to avoid a duplicate match there. */
                int k;
                for(k=0; k<pUsing->nId; k++){
                  if( sqlite3StrICmp(pUsing->a[k].zName, zCol)==0 ){
                    pItem++;
                    i++;
                    break;
                  }
                }
              }
            }
            break;
          }
        }
      }
    }

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
................................................................................
    if( pToken ){
      if( nExtra==0 ){
        pNew->flags |= EP_IntValue;
        pNew->u.iValue = iValue;
      }else{
        int c;
        pNew->u.zToken = (char*)&pNew[1];

        memcpy(pNew->u.zToken, pToken->z, pToken->n);
        pNew->u.zToken[pToken->n] = 0;
        if( dequote && nExtra>=3 
             && ((c = pToken->z[0])=='\'' || c=='"' || c=='[' || c=='`') ){
          sqlite3Dequote(pNew->u.zToken);
          if( c=='"' ) pNew->flags |= EP_DblQuoted;
        }
      }
................................................................................
  /* Check to see if an existing table or index can be used to
  ** satisfy the query.  This is preferable to generating a new 
  ** ephemeral table.
  */
  p = (ExprHasProperty(pX, EP_xIsSelect) ? pX->x.pSelect : 0);
  if( ALWAYS(pParse->nErr==0) && isCandidateForInOpt(p) ){
    sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;              /* Database connection */
    Expr *pExpr = p->pEList->a[0].pExpr;   /* Expression <column> */
    int iCol = pExpr->iColumn;             /* Index of column <column> */
    Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);      /* Virtual machine being coded */


    Table *pTab = p->pSrc->a[0].pTab;      /* Table <table>. */
    int iDb;                               /* Database idx for pTab */








   
    /* Code an OP_VerifyCookie and OP_TableLock for <table>. */
    iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pTab->pSchema);
    sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iDb);
    sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDb, pTab->tnum, 0, pTab->zName);

    /* This function is only called from two places. In both cases the vdbe
................................................................................
  if( pA->iTable!=pB->iTable || pA->iColumn!=pB->iColumn ) return 2;
  if( ExprHasProperty(pA, EP_IntValue) ){
    if( !ExprHasProperty(pB, EP_IntValue) || pA->u.iValue!=pB->u.iValue ){
      return 2;
    }
  }else if( pA->op!=TK_COLUMN && pA->u.zToken ){
    if( ExprHasProperty(pB, EP_IntValue) || NEVER(pB->u.zToken==0) ) return 2;
    if( sqlite3StrICmp(pA->u.zToken,pB->u.zToken)!=0 ){
      return 2;
    }
  }
  if( (pA->flags & EP_ExpCollate)!=(pB->flags & EP_ExpCollate) ) return 1;
  if( (pA->flags & EP_ExpCollate)!=0 && pA->pColl!=pB->pColl ) return 2;
  return 0;
}
................................................................................
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains code associated with the ANALYZE command.






































































































*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_ANALYZE

/*
** This routine generates code that opens the sqlite_stat1 table for
** writing with cursor iStatCur. If the library was built with the
** SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2 macro defined, then the sqlite_stat2 table is
** opened for writing using cursor (iStatCur+1)
**
** If the sqlite_stat1 tables does not previously exist, it is created.
** Similarly, if the sqlite_stat2 table does not exist and the library
** is compiled with SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2 defined, it is created. 
**
** Argument zWhere may be a pointer to a buffer containing a table name,
** or it may be a NULL pointer. If it is not NULL, then all entries in
** the sqlite_stat1 and (if applicable) sqlite_stat2 tables associated
** with the named table are deleted. If zWhere==0, then code is generated
** to delete all stat table entries.
*/
static void openStatTable(
  Parse *pParse,          /* Parsing context */
  int iDb,                /* The database we are looking in */
  int iStatCur,           /* Open the sqlite_stat1 table on this cursor */
................................................................................
  const char *zWhereType  /* Either "tbl" or "idx" */
){
  static const struct {
    const char *zName;
    const char *zCols;
  } aTable[] = {
    { "sqlite_stat1", "tbl,idx,stat" },
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2
    { "sqlite_stat2", "tbl,idx,sampleno,sample" },
#endif
  };

  int aRoot[] = {0, 0};
  u8 aCreateTbl[] = {0, 0};

  int i;
................................................................................
  Db *pDb;
  Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( v==0 ) return;
  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsAllMutexes(db) );
  assert( sqlite3VdbeDb(v)==db );
  pDb = &db->aDb[iDb];




  for(i=0; i<ArraySize(aTable); i++){
    const char *zTab = aTable[i].zName;
    Table *pStat;
    if( (pStat = sqlite3FindTable(db, zTab, pDb->zName))==0 ){
      /* The sqlite_stat[12] table does not exist. Create it. Note that a 
      ** side-effect of the CREATE TABLE statement is to leave the rootpage 
      ** of the new table in register pParse->regRoot. This is important 
................................................................................
      }else{
        /* The sqlite_stat[12] table already exists.  Delete all rows. */
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Clear, aRoot[i], iDb);
      }
    }
  }

  /* Open the sqlite_stat[12] tables for writing. */
  for(i=0; i<ArraySize(aTable); i++){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenWrite, iStatCur+i, aRoot[i], iDb);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char *)3, P4_INT32);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, aCreateTbl[i]);
  }
}





























































































































































































































/*
** Generate code to do an analysis of all indices associated with
** a single table.
*/
static void analyzeOneTable(
  Parse *pParse,   /* Parser context */
................................................................................
  int i;                       /* Loop counter */
  int topOfLoop;               /* The top of the loop */
  int endOfLoop;               /* The end of the loop */
  int jZeroRows = -1;          /* Jump from here if number of rows is zero */
  int iDb;                     /* Index of database containing pTab */
  int regTabname = iMem++;     /* Register containing table name */
  int regIdxname = iMem++;     /* Register containing index name */
  int regSampleno = iMem++;    /* Register containing next sample number */















  int regCol = iMem++;         /* Content of a column analyzed table */
  int regRec = iMem++;         /* Register holding completed record */
  int regTemp = iMem++;        /* Temporary use register */
  int regRowid = iMem++;       /* Rowid for the inserted record */

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2
  int addr = 0;                /* Instruction address */
  int regTemp2 = iMem++;       /* Temporary use register */
  int regSamplerecno = iMem++; /* Index of next sample to record */
  int regRecno = iMem++;       /* Current sample index */
  int regLast = iMem++;        /* Index of last sample to record */
  int regFirst = iMem++;       /* Index of first sample to record */
#endif

  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( v==0 || NEVER(pTab==0) ){
    return;
  }
  if( pTab->tnum==0 ){
    /* Do not gather statistics on views or virtual tables */
................................................................................
  sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDb, pTab->tnum, 0, pTab->zName);

  iIdxCur = pParse->nTab++;
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, regTabname, 0, pTab->zName, 0);
  for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
    int nCol;
    KeyInfo *pKey;



    if( pOnlyIdx && pOnlyIdx!=pIdx ) continue;

    nCol = pIdx->nColumn;


    pKey = sqlite3IndexKeyinfo(pParse, pIdx);
    if( iMem+1+(nCol*2)>pParse->nMem ){
      pParse->nMem = iMem+1+(nCol*2);
    }

    /* Open a cursor to the index to be analyzed. */
    assert( iDb==sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pIdx->pSchema) );
................................................................................
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_OpenRead, iIdxCur, pIdx->tnum, iDb,
        (char *)pKey, P4_KEYINFO_HANDOFF);
    VdbeComment((v, "%s", pIdx->zName));

    /* Populate the register containing the index name. */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, regIdxname, 0, pIdx->zName, 0);

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2


    /* If this iteration of the loop is generating code to analyze the
    ** first index in the pTab->pIndex list, then register regLast has
    ** not been populated. In this case populate it now.  */
    if( pTab->pIndex==pIdx ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES, regSamplerecno);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES*2-1, regTemp);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES*2, regTemp2);

      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Count, iIdxCur, regLast);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, regFirst);
      addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Lt, regSamplerecno, 0, regLast);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Divide, regTemp2, regLast, regFirst);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Multiply, regLast, regTemp, regLast);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, regLast, SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES*2-2);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Divide,  regTemp2, regLast, regLast);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);
    }

    /* Zero the regSampleno and regRecno registers. */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, regSampleno);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, regRecno);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Copy, regFirst, regSamplerecno);
#endif





    /* The block of memory cells initialized here is used as follows.
    **
    **    iMem:                
    **        The total number of rows in the table.
    **
    **    iMem+1 .. iMem+nCol: 
................................................................................
    }

    /* Start the analysis loop. This loop runs through all the entries in
    ** the index b-tree.  */
    endOfLoop = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iIdxCur, endOfLoop);
    topOfLoop = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, iMem, 1);

    for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
      CollSeq *pColl;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iIdxCur, i, regCol);
      if( i==0 ){
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2
        /* Check if the record that cursor iIdxCur points to contains a
        ** value that should be stored in the sqlite_stat2 table. If so,
        ** store it.  */
        int ne = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Ne, regRecno, 0, regSamplerecno);
        assert( regTabname+1==regIdxname 
             && regTabname+2==regSampleno
             && regTabname+3==regCol
        );
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, regTabname, 4, regRec, "aaab", 0);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, iStatCur+1, regRowid);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, iStatCur+1, regRec, regRowid);

        /* Calculate new values for regSamplerecno and regSampleno.
        **
        **   sampleno = sampleno + 1
        **   samplerecno = samplerecno+(remaining records)/(remaining samples)
        */
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, regSampleno, 1);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Subtract, regRecno, regLast, regTemp);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, regTemp, -1);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES, regTemp2);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Subtract, regSampleno, regTemp2, regTemp2);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Divide, regTemp2, regTemp, regTemp);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Add, regSamplerecno, regTemp, regSamplerecno);

        sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, ne);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, regRecno, 1);
#endif

        /* Always record the very first row */
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfNot, iMem+1);
      }
      assert( pIdx->azColl!=0 );
      assert( pIdx->azColl[i]!=0 );
      pColl = sqlite3LocateCollSeq(pParse, pIdx->azColl[i]);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Ne, regCol, 0, iMem+nCol+i+1,
                       (char*)pColl, P4_COLLSEQ);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, SQLITE_NULLEQ);





    }
    if( db->mallocFailed ){
      /* If a malloc failure has occurred, then the result of the expression 
      ** passed as the second argument to the call to sqlite3VdbeJumpHere() 
      ** below may be negative. Which causes an assert() to fail (or an
      ** out-of-bounds write if SQLITE_DEBUG is not defined).  */
      return;
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, endOfLoop);
    for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
      int addr2 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v) - (nCol*2);
      if( i==0 ){
        sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr2-1);  /* Set jump dest for the OP_IfNot */









      }
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr2);      /* Set jump dest for the OP_Ne */
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, iMem+i+1, 1);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iIdxCur, i, iMem+nCol+i+1);
    }


    /* End of the analysis loop. */

    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, endOfLoop);

    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iIdxCur, topOfLoop);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, iIdxCur);






























    /* Store the results in sqlite_stat1.
    **
    ** The result is a single row of the sqlite_stat1 table.  The first
    ** two columns are the names of the table and index.  The third column
    ** is a string composed of a list of integer statistics about the
    ** index.  The first integer in the list is the total number of entries
................................................................................
    **
    **        I = (K+D-1)/D
    **
    ** If K==0 then no entry is made into the sqlite_stat1 table.  
    ** If K>0 then it is always the case the D>0 so division by zero
    ** is never possible.
    */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SCopy, iMem, regSampleno);
    if( jZeroRows<0 ){
      jZeroRows = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfNot, iMem);
    }
    for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, regTemp, 0, " ", 0);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Concat, regTemp, regSampleno, regSampleno);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Add, iMem, iMem+i+1, regTemp);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, regTemp, -1);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Divide, iMem+i+1, regTemp, regTemp);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_ToInt, regTemp);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Concat, regTemp, regSampleno, regSampleno);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, regTabname, 3, regRec, "aaa", 0);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, iStatCur, regRowid);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, iStatCur, regRec, regRowid);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_APPEND);
  }

  /* If the table has no indices, create a single sqlite_stat1 entry
  ** containing NULL as the index name and the row count as the content.
  */
  if( pTab->pIndex==0 ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenRead, iIdxCur, pTab->tnum, iDb);
    VdbeComment((v, "%s", pTab->zName));
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Count, iIdxCur, regSampleno);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, iIdxCur);
    jZeroRows = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfNot, regSampleno);
  }else{
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, jZeroRows);
    jZeroRows = sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Goto);
  }
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, regIdxname);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, regTabname, 3, regRec, "aaa", 0);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, iStatCur, regRowid);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, iStatCur, regRec, regRowid);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_APPEND);
  if( pParse->nMem<regRec ) pParse->nMem = regRec;
  sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, jZeroRows);
}


/*
** Generate code that will cause the most recent index analysis to
** be loaded into internal hash tables where is can be used.
*/
static void loadAnalysis(Parse *pParse, int iDb){
  Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
................................................................................
  Schema *pSchema = db->aDb[iDb].pSchema;    /* Schema of database iDb */
  HashElem *k;
  int iStatCur;
  int iMem;

  sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 0, iDb);
  iStatCur = pParse->nTab;
  pParse->nTab += 2;
  openStatTable(pParse, iDb, iStatCur, 0, 0);
  iMem = pParse->nMem+1;
  assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, iDb, 0) );
  for(k=sqliteHashFirst(&pSchema->tblHash); k; k=sqliteHashNext(k)){
    Table *pTab = (Table*)sqliteHashData(k);
    analyzeOneTable(pParse, pTab, 0, iStatCur, iMem);
  }
................................................................................
  int iStatCur;

  assert( pTab!=0 );
  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsAllMutexes(pParse->db) );
  iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(pParse->db, pTab->pSchema);
  sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 0, iDb);
  iStatCur = pParse->nTab;
  pParse->nTab += 2;
  if( pOnlyIdx ){
    openStatTable(pParse, iDb, iStatCur, pOnlyIdx->zName, "idx");
  }else{
    openStatTable(pParse, iDb, iStatCur, pTab->zName, "tbl");
  }
  analyzeOneTable(pParse, pTab, pOnlyIdx, iStatCur, pParse->nMem+1);
  loadAnalysis(pParse, iDb);
................................................................................
** the table.
*/
static int analysisLoader(void *pData, int argc, char **argv, char **NotUsed){
  analysisInfo *pInfo = (analysisInfo*)pData;
  Index *pIndex;
  Table *pTable;
  int i, c, n;
  unsigned int v;
  const char *z;

  assert( argc==3 );
  UNUSED_PARAMETER2(NotUsed, argc);

  if( argv==0 || argv[0]==0 || argv[2]==0 ){
    return 0;
................................................................................
}

/*
** If the Index.aSample variable is not NULL, delete the aSample[] array
** and its contents.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DeleteIndexSamples(sqlite3 *db, Index *pIdx){
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2
  if( pIdx->aSample ){
    int j;
    for(j=0; j<SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES; j++){
      IndexSample *p = &pIdx->aSample[j];
      if( p->eType==SQLITE_TEXT || p->eType==SQLITE_BLOB ){
        sqlite3DbFree(db, p->u.z);
      }
    }
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pIdx->aSample);




  }
#else
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(db);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pIdx);
#endif
}


/*































































































































** Load the content of the sqlite_stat1 and sqlite_stat2 tables. The
** contents of sqlite_stat1 are used to populate the Index.aiRowEst[]
** arrays. The contents of sqlite_stat2 are used to populate the
** Index.aSample[] arrays.
**
** If the sqlite_stat1 table is not present in the database, SQLITE_ERROR
** is returned. In this case, even if SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2 was defined 
** during compilation and the sqlite_stat2 table is present, no data is 
** read from it.
**
** If SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2 was defined during compilation and the 
** sqlite_stat2 table is not present in the database, SQLITE_ERROR is
** returned. However, in this case, data is read from the sqlite_stat1
** table (if it is present) before returning.
**
** If an OOM error occurs, this function always sets db->mallocFailed.
** This means if the caller does not care about other errors, the return
** code may be ignored.
*/
................................................................................
  assert( db->aDb[iDb].pBt!=0 );

  /* Clear any prior statistics */
  assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, iDb, 0) );
  for(i=sqliteHashFirst(&db->aDb[iDb].pSchema->idxHash);i;i=sqliteHashNext(i)){
    Index *pIdx = sqliteHashData(i);
    sqlite3DefaultRowEst(pIdx);

    sqlite3DeleteIndexSamples(db, pIdx);
    pIdx->aSample = 0;

  }

  /* Check to make sure the sqlite_stat1 table exists */
  sInfo.db = db;
  sInfo.zDatabase = db->aDb[iDb].zName;
  if( sqlite3FindTable(db, "sqlite_stat1", sInfo.zDatabase)==0 ){
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }

  /* Load new statistics out of the sqlite_stat1 table */
  zSql = sqlite3MPrintf(db, 
      "SELECT tbl, idx, stat FROM %Q.sqlite_stat1", sInfo.zDatabase);
  if( zSql==0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }else{
    rc = sqlite3_exec(db, zSql, analysisLoader, &sInfo, 0);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, zSql);
  }


  /* Load the statistics from the sqlite_stat2 table. */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && !sqlite3FindTable(db, "sqlite_stat2", sInfo.zDatabase) ){
    rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3_stmt *pStmt = 0;

    zSql = sqlite3MPrintf(db, 
        "SELECT idx,sampleno,sample FROM %Q.sqlite_stat2", sInfo.zDatabase);
    if( !zSql ){
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }else{
      rc = sqlite3_prepare(db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
      sqlite3DbFree(db, zSql);
    }

    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      while( sqlite3_step(pStmt)==SQLITE_ROW ){
        char *zIndex;   /* Index name */
        Index *pIdx;    /* Pointer to the index object */

        zIndex = (char *)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, 0);
        pIdx = zIndex ? sqlite3FindIndex(db, zIndex, sInfo.zDatabase) : 0;
        if( pIdx ){
          int iSample = sqlite3_column_int(pStmt, 1);
          if( iSample<SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES && iSample>=0 ){
            int eType = sqlite3_column_type(pStmt, 2);

            if( pIdx->aSample==0 ){
              static const int sz = sizeof(IndexSample)*SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES;
              pIdx->aSample = (IndexSample *)sqlite3DbMallocRaw(0, sz);
              if( pIdx->aSample==0 ){
                db->mallocFailed = 1;
                break;
              }
	      memset(pIdx->aSample, 0, sz);
            }

            assert( pIdx->aSample );
            {
              IndexSample *pSample = &pIdx->aSample[iSample];
              pSample->eType = (u8)eType;
              if( eType==SQLITE_INTEGER || eType==SQLITE_FLOAT ){
                pSample->u.r = sqlite3_column_double(pStmt, 2);
              }else if( eType==SQLITE_TEXT || eType==SQLITE_BLOB ){
                const char *z = (const char *)(
                    (eType==SQLITE_BLOB) ?
                    sqlite3_column_blob(pStmt, 2):
                    sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, 2)
                );
                int n = sqlite3_column_bytes(pStmt, 2);
                if( n>24 ){
                  n = 24;
                }
                pSample->nByte = (u8)n;
                if( n < 1){
                  pSample->u.z = 0;
                }else{
                  pSample->u.z = sqlite3DbStrNDup(0, z, n);
                  if( pSample->u.z==0 ){
                    db->mallocFailed = 1;
                    break;
                  }
                }
              }
            }
          }
        }
      }
      rc = sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
    }
  }
#endif

  if( rc==SQLITE_NOMEM ){
    db->mallocFailed = 1;
  }
  return rc;
................................................................................
      iDestroyed = iLargest;
    }
  }
#endif
}

/*
** Remove entries from the sqlite_stat1 and sqlite_stat2 tables
** after a DROP INDEX or DROP TABLE command.
*/
static void sqlite3ClearStatTables(
  Parse *pParse,         /* The parsing context */
  int iDb,               /* The database number */
  const char *zType,     /* "idx" or "tbl" */
  const char *zName      /* Name of index or table */
){
  static const char *azStatTab[] = { "sqlite_stat1", "sqlite_stat2" };
  int i;
  const char *zDbName = pParse->db->aDb[iDb].zName;

  for(i=0; i<ArraySize(azStatTab); i++){

    if( sqlite3FindTable(pParse->db, azStatTab[i], zDbName) ){
      sqlite3NestedParse(pParse,
        "DELETE FROM %Q.%s WHERE %s=%Q",
        zDbName, azStatTab[i], zType, zName

      );
    }
  }
}







































































/*
** This routine is called to do the work of a DROP TABLE statement.
** pName is the name of the table to be dropped.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DropTable(Parse *pParse, SrcList *pName, int isView, int noErr){
  Table *pTab;
................................................................................
      goto exit_drop_table;
    }
    if( sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_DELETE, pTab->zName, 0, zDb) ){
      goto exit_drop_table;
    }
  }
#endif
  if( sqlite3StrNICmp(pTab->zName, "sqlite_", 7)==0 ){

    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "table %s may not be dropped", pTab->zName);
    goto exit_drop_table;
  }

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW
  /* Ensure DROP TABLE is not used on a view, and DROP VIEW is not used
  ** on a table.
................................................................................
#endif

  /* Generate code to remove the table from the master table
  ** on disk.
  */
  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( v ){
    Trigger *pTrigger;
    Db *pDb = &db->aDb[iDb];
    sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 1, iDb);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
    if( IsVirtual(pTab) ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_VBegin);
    }
#endif
    sqlite3FkDropTable(pParse, pName, pTab);

    /* Drop all triggers associated with the table being dropped. Code
    ** is generated to remove entries from sqlite_master and/or
    ** sqlite_temp_master if required.
    */
    pTrigger = sqlite3TriggerList(pParse, pTab);
    while( pTrigger ){
      assert( pTrigger->pSchema==pTab->pSchema || 
          pTrigger->pSchema==db->aDb[1].pSchema );
      sqlite3DropTriggerPtr(pParse, pTrigger);
      pTrigger = pTrigger->pNext;
    }

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINCREMENT
    /* Remove any entries of the sqlite_sequence table associated with
    ** the table being dropped. This is done before the table is dropped
    ** at the btree level, in case the sqlite_sequence table needs to
    ** move as a result of the drop (can happen in auto-vacuum mode).
    */
    if( pTab->tabFlags & TF_Autoincrement ){
      sqlite3NestedParse(pParse,
        "DELETE FROM %s.sqlite_sequence WHERE name=%Q",
        pDb->zName, pTab->zName
      );
    }
#endif

    /* Drop all SQLITE_MASTER table and index entries that refer to the
    ** table. The program name loops through the master table and deletes
    ** every row that refers to a table of the same name as the one being
    ** dropped. Triggers are handled seperately because a trigger can be
    ** created in the temp database that refers to a table in another
    ** database.
    */
    sqlite3NestedParse(pParse, 
        "DELETE FROM %Q.%s WHERE tbl_name=%Q and type!='trigger'",
        pDb->zName, SCHEMA_TABLE(iDb), pTab->zName);
    sqlite3ClearStatTables(pParse, iDb, "tbl", pTab->zName);
    if( !isView && !IsVirtual(pTab) ){

      destroyTable(pParse, pTab);
    }

    /* Remove the table entry from SQLite's internal schema and modify
    ** the schema cookie.
    */
    if( IsVirtual(pTab) ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_VDestroy, iDb, 0, 0, pTab->zName, 0);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_DropTable, iDb, 0, 0, pTab->zName, 0);
    sqlite3ChangeCookie(pParse, iDb);
  }
  sqliteViewResetAll(db, iDb);

exit_drop_table:
  sqlite3SrcListDelete(db, pName);
}

/*
** This routine is called to create a new foreign key on the table
................................................................................
** the index already exists and must be cleared before being refilled and
** the root page number of the index is taken from pIndex->tnum.
*/
static void sqlite3RefillIndex(Parse *pParse, Index *pIndex, int memRootPage){
  Table *pTab = pIndex->pTable;  /* The table that is indexed */
  int iTab = pParse->nTab++;     /* Btree cursor used for pTab */
  int iIdx = pParse->nTab++;     /* Btree cursor used for pIndex */
  int iSorter = iTab;            /* Cursor opened by OpenSorter (if in use) */
  int addr1;                     /* Address of top of loop */
  int addr2;                     /* Address to jump to for next iteration */
  int tnum;                      /* Root page of index */
  Vdbe *v;                       /* Generate code into this virtual machine */
  KeyInfo *pKey;                 /* KeyInfo for index */

  int regIdxKey;                 /* Registers containing the index key */

  int regRecord;                 /* Register holding assemblied index record */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;      /* The database connection */
  int iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pIndex->pSchema);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
  if( sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_REINDEX, pIndex->zName, 0,
      db->aDb[iDb].zName ) ){
................................................................................
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, 1);
  }

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_MERGE_SORT
  /* Open the sorter cursor if we are to use one. */
  iSorter = pParse->nTab++;
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_SorterOpen, iSorter, 0, 0, (char*)pKey, P4_KEYINFO);


#endif

  /* Open the table. Loop through all rows of the table, inserting index
  ** records into the sorter. */
  sqlite3OpenTable(pParse, iTab, iDb, pTab, OP_OpenRead);
  addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iTab, 0);
  addr2 = addr1 + 1;
  regRecord = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
  regIdxKey = sqlite3GenerateIndexKey(pParse, pIndex, iTab, regRecord, 1);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_MERGE_SORT

  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SorterInsert, iSorter, regRecord);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iTab, addr1+1);
  sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr1);
  addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SorterSort, iSorter, 0);
  if( pIndex->onError!=OE_None ){
    int j2 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v) + 3;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, j2);
................................................................................
  }else{
    addr2 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
  }
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SorterData, iSorter, regRecord);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_IdxInsert, iIdx, regRecord, 1);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT);
#else


  if( pIndex->onError!=OE_None ){
    const int regRowid = regIdxKey + pIndex->nColumn;
    const int j2 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v) + 2;
    void * const pRegKey = SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(regIdxKey);

    /* The registers accessed by the OP_IsUnique opcode were allocated
    ** using sqlite3GetTempRange() inside of the sqlite3GenerateIndexKey()
................................................................................
    /* Use the two-part index name to determine the database 
    ** to search for the table. 'Fix' the table name to this db
    ** before looking up the table.
    */
    assert( pName1 && pName2 );
    iDb = sqlite3TwoPartName(pParse, pName1, pName2, &pName);
    if( iDb<0 ) goto exit_create_index;


#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TEMPDB
    /* If the index name was unqualified, check if the the table
    ** is a temp table. If so, set the database to 1. Do not do this
    ** if initialising a database schema.
    */
    if( !db->init.busy ){
................................................................................
    }
    pTab = sqlite3LocateTable(pParse, 0, pTblName->a[0].zName, 
        pTblName->a[0].zDatabase);
    if( !pTab || db->mallocFailed ) goto exit_create_index;
    assert( db->aDb[iDb].pSchema==pTab->pSchema );
  }else{
    assert( pName==0 );

    pTab = pParse->pNewTable;
    if( !pTab ) goto exit_create_index;
    iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pTab->pSchema);
  }
  pDb = &db->aDb[iDb];

  assert( pTab!=0 );
................................................................................
  ** If pName==0 it means that we are
  ** dealing with a primary key or UNIQUE constraint.  We have to invent our
  ** own name.
  */
  if( pName ){
    zName = sqlite3NameFromToken(db, pName);
    if( zName==0 ) goto exit_create_index;

    if( SQLITE_OK!=sqlite3CheckObjectName(pParse, zName) ){
      goto exit_create_index;
    }
    if( !db->init.busy ){
      if( sqlite3FindTable(db, zName, 0)!=0 ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "there is already a table named %s", zName);
        goto exit_create_index;
................................................................................
  /* 
  ** Allocate the index structure. 
  */
  nName = sqlite3Strlen30(zName);
  nCol = pList->nExpr;
  pIndex = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, 
      sizeof(Index) +              /* Index structure  */

      sizeof(int)*nCol +           /* Index.aiColumn   */
      sizeof(int)*(nCol+1) +       /* Index.aiRowEst   */
      sizeof(char *)*nCol +        /* Index.azColl     */
      sizeof(u8)*nCol +            /* Index.aSortOrder */
      nName + 1 +                  /* Index.zName      */
      nExtra                       /* Collation sequence names */
  );
  if( db->mallocFailed ){
    goto exit_create_index;
  }

  pIndex->azColl = (char**)(&pIndex[1]);
  pIndex->aiColumn = (int *)(&pIndex->azColl[nCol]);
  pIndex->aiRowEst = (unsigned *)(&pIndex->aiColumn[nCol]);
  pIndex->aSortOrder = (u8 *)(&pIndex->aiRowEst[nCol+1]);
  pIndex->zName = (char *)(&pIndex->aSortOrder[nCol]);
  zExtra = (char *)(&pIndex->zName[nName+1]);
  memcpy(pIndex->zName, zName, nName+1);
  pIndex->pTable = pTab;
  pIndex->nColumn = pList->nExpr;
  pIndex->onError = (u8)onError;
  pIndex->autoIndex = (u8)(pName==0);
................................................................................
**           aiRowEst[N]>=1
**
** Apart from that, we have little to go on besides intuition as to
** how aiRowEst[] should be initialized.  The numbers generated here
** are based on typical values found in actual indices.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DefaultRowEst(Index *pIdx){
  unsigned *a = pIdx->aiRowEst;
  int i;
  unsigned n;
  assert( a!=0 );
  a[0] = pIdx->pTable->nRowEst;
  if( a[0]<10 ) a[0] = 10;
  n = 10;
  for(i=1; i<=pIdx->nColumn; i++){
    a[i] = n;
    if( n>5 ) n--;
................................................................................
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AutoCommit, 0, 0);
}

/*
** Commit a transaction
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3CommitTransaction(Parse *pParse){
  sqlite3 *db;
  Vdbe *v;

  assert( pParse!=0 );
  db = pParse->db;
  assert( db!=0 );
/*  if( db->aDb[0].pBt==0 ) return; */
  if( sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_TRANSACTION, "COMMIT", 0, 0) ){
    return;
  }
  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( v ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AutoCommit, 1, 0);
  }
}

/*
** Rollback a transaction
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3RollbackTransaction(Parse *pParse){
  sqlite3 *db;
  Vdbe *v;

  assert( pParse!=0 );
  db = pParse->db;
  assert( db!=0 );
/*  if( db->aDb[0].pBt==0 ) return; */
  if( sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_TRANSACTION, "ROLLBACK", 0, 0) ){
    return;
  }
  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( v ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AutoCommit, 1, 1);
  }
................................................................................
  z2 = (char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);
  n = sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[0]);
  /* Verify that the call to _bytes() does not invalidate the _text() pointer */
  assert( z2==(char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]) );
  if( z2 ){
    z1 = contextMalloc(context, ((i64)n)+1);
    if( z1 ){
      memcpy(z1, z2, n+1);
      for(i=0; z1[i]; i++){
        z1[i] = (char)sqlite3Toupper(z1[i]);
      }
      sqlite3_result_text(context, z1, -1, sqlite3_free);
    }
  }
}
static void lowerFunc(sqlite3_context *context, int argc, sqlite3_value **argv){
  u8 *z1;
  const char *z2;
  int i, n;
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(argc);
  z2 = (char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);
  n = sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[0]);
  /* Verify that the call to _bytes() does not invalidate the _text() pointer */
  assert( z2==(char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]) );
  if( z2 ){
    z1 = contextMalloc(context, ((i64)n)+1);
    if( z1 ){
      memcpy(z1, z2, n+1);
      for(i=0; z1[i]; i++){
        z1[i] = sqlite3Tolower(z1[i]);
      }
      sqlite3_result_text(context, (char *)z1, -1, sqlite3_free);
    }
  }
}


#if 0  /* This function is never used. */
/*
................................................................................
    sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pWhen);
    sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, pList);
    sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pSelect);
    if( db->mallocFailed==1 ){
      fkTriggerDelete(db, pTrigger);
      return 0;
    }


    switch( action ){
      case OE_Restrict:
        pStep->op = TK_SELECT; 
        break;
      case OE_Cascade: 
        if( !pChanges ){ 
................................................................................
  ** the extra complication to make this rule less restrictive is probably
  ** not worth the effort.  Ticket [6284df89debdfa61db8073e062908af0c9b6118e]
  */
  if( (pParse->db->flags & SQLITE_ForeignKeys)!=0 && pDest->pFKey!=0 ){
    return 0;
  }
#endif




  /* If we get this far, it means either:
  **
  **    *   We can always do the transfer if the table contains an
  **        an integer primary key
  **
  **    *   We can conditionally do the transfer if the destination
................................................................................
  int  (*bind_text)(sqlite3_stmt*,int,const char*,int n,void(*)(void*));
  int  (*bind_text16)(sqlite3_stmt*,int,const void*,int,void(*)(void*));
  int  (*bind_value)(sqlite3_stmt*,int,const sqlite3_value*);
  int  (*busy_handler)(sqlite3*,int(*)(void*,int),void*);
  int  (*busy_timeout)(sqlite3*,int ms);
  int  (*changes)(sqlite3*);
  int  (*close)(sqlite3*);
  int  (*collation_needed)(sqlite3*,void*,void(*)(void*,sqlite3*,int eTextRep,const char*));

  int  (*collation_needed16)(sqlite3*,void*,void(*)(void*,sqlite3*,int eTextRep,const void*));

  const void * (*column_blob)(sqlite3_stmt*,int iCol);
  int  (*column_bytes)(sqlite3_stmt*,int iCol);
  int  (*column_bytes16)(sqlite3_stmt*,int iCol);
  int  (*column_count)(sqlite3_stmt*pStmt);
  const char * (*column_database_name)(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
  const void * (*column_database_name16)(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
  const char * (*column_decltype)(sqlite3_stmt*,int i);
................................................................................
  const unsigned char * (*column_text)(sqlite3_stmt*,int iCol);
  const void * (*column_text16)(sqlite3_stmt*,int iCol);
  int  (*column_type)(sqlite3_stmt*,int iCol);
  sqlite3_value* (*column_value)(sqlite3_stmt*,int iCol);
  void * (*commit_hook)(sqlite3*,int(*)(void*),void*);
  int  (*complete)(const char*sql);
  int  (*complete16)(const void*sql);
  int  (*create_collation)(sqlite3*,const char*,int,void*,int(*)(void*,int,const void*,int,const void*));

  int  (*create_collation16)(sqlite3*,const void*,int,void*,int(*)(void*,int,const void*,int,const void*));

  int  (*create_function)(sqlite3*,const char*,int,int,void*,void (*xFunc)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**),void (*xStep)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**),void (*xFinal)(sqlite3_context*));



  int  (*create_function16)(sqlite3*,const void*,int,int,void*,void (*xFunc)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**),void (*xStep)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**),void (*xFinal)(sqlite3_context*));



  int (*create_module)(sqlite3*,const char*,const sqlite3_module*,void*);
  int  (*data_count)(sqlite3_stmt*pStmt);
  sqlite3 * (*db_handle)(sqlite3_stmt*);
  int (*declare_vtab)(sqlite3*,const char*);
  int  (*enable_shared_cache)(int);
  int  (*errcode)(sqlite3*db);
  const char * (*errmsg)(sqlite3*);
................................................................................
  void  (*result_null)(sqlite3_context*);
  void  (*result_text)(sqlite3_context*,const char*,int,void(*)(void*));
  void  (*result_text16)(sqlite3_context*,const void*,int,void(*)(void*));
  void  (*result_text16be)(sqlite3_context*,const void*,int,void(*)(void*));
  void  (*result_text16le)(sqlite3_context*,const void*,int,void(*)(void*));
  void  (*result_value)(sqlite3_context*,sqlite3_value*);
  void * (*rollback_hook)(sqlite3*,void(*)(void*),void*);
  int  (*set_authorizer)(sqlite3*,int(*)(void*,int,const char*,const char*,const char*,const char*),void*);

  void  (*set_auxdata)(sqlite3_context*,int,void*,void (*)(void*));
  char * (*snprintf)(int,char*,const char*,...);
  int  (*step)(sqlite3_stmt*);
  int  (*table_column_metadata)(sqlite3*,const char*,const char*,const char*,char const**,char const**,int*,int*,int*);

  void  (*thread_cleanup)(void);
  int  (*total_changes)(sqlite3*);
  void * (*trace)(sqlite3*,void(*xTrace)(void*,const char*),void*);
  int  (*transfer_bindings)(sqlite3_stmt*,sqlite3_stmt*);
  void * (*update_hook)(sqlite3*,void(*)(void*,int ,char const*,char const*,sqlite_int64),void*);

  void * (*user_data)(sqlite3_context*);
  const void * (*value_blob)(sqlite3_value*);
  int  (*value_bytes)(sqlite3_value*);
  int  (*value_bytes16)(sqlite3_value*);
  double  (*value_double)(sqlite3_value*);
  int  (*value_int)(sqlite3_value*);
  sqlite_int64  (*value_int64)(sqlite3_value*);
................................................................................
  /* Added ??? */
  int (*overload_function)(sqlite3*, const char *zFuncName, int nArg);
  /* Added by 3.3.13 */
  int (*prepare_v2)(sqlite3*,const char*,int,sqlite3_stmt**,const char**);
  int (*prepare16_v2)(sqlite3*,const void*,int,sqlite3_stmt**,const void**);
  int (*clear_bindings)(sqlite3_stmt*);
  /* Added by 3.4.1 */
  int (*create_module_v2)(sqlite3*,const char*,const sqlite3_module*,void*,void (*xDestroy)(void *));

  /* Added by 3.5.0 */
  int (*bind_zeroblob)(sqlite3_stmt*,int,int);
  int (*blob_bytes)(sqlite3_blob*);
  int (*blob_close)(sqlite3_blob*);
  int (*blob_open)(sqlite3*,const char*,const char*,const char*,sqlite3_int64,int,sqlite3_blob**);

  int (*blob_read)(sqlite3_blob*,void*,int,int);
  int (*blob_write)(sqlite3_blob*,const void*,int,int);
  int (*create_collation_v2)(sqlite3*,const char*,int,void*,int(*)(void*,int,const void*,int,const void*),void(*)(void*));


  int (*file_control)(sqlite3*,const char*,int,void*);
  sqlite3_int64 (*memory_highwater)(int);
  sqlite3_int64 (*memory_used)(void);
  sqlite3_mutex *(*mutex_alloc)(int);
  void (*mutex_enter)(sqlite3_mutex*);
  void (*mutex_free)(sqlite3_mutex*);
  void (*mutex_leave)(sqlite3_mutex*);
................................................................................
  int (*backup_finish)(sqlite3_backup*);
  sqlite3_backup *(*backup_init)(sqlite3*,const char*,sqlite3*,const char*);
  int (*backup_pagecount)(sqlite3_backup*);
  int (*backup_remaining)(sqlite3_backup*);
  int (*backup_step)(sqlite3_backup*,int);
  const char *(*compileoption_get)(int);
  int (*compileoption_used)(const char*);
  int (*create_function_v2)(sqlite3*,const char*,int,int,void*,void (*xFunc)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**),void (*xStep)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**),void (*xFinal)(sqlite3_context*),void(*xDestroy)(void*));




  int (*db_config)(sqlite3*,int,...);
  sqlite3_mutex *(*db_mutex)(sqlite3*);
  int (*db_status)(sqlite3*,int,int*,int*,int);
  int (*extended_errcode)(sqlite3*);
  void (*log)(int,const char*,...);
  sqlite3_int64 (*soft_heap_limit64)(sqlite3_int64);
  const char *(*sourceid)(void);
................................................................................
  char **pzErrMsg       /* Put error message here if not 0 */
){
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs = db->pVfs;
  void *handle;
  int (*xInit)(sqlite3*,char**,const sqlite3_api_routines*);
  char *zErrmsg = 0;
  void **aHandle;
  const int nMsg = 300;

  if( pzErrMsg ) *pzErrMsg = 0;

  /* Ticket #1863.  To avoid a creating security problems for older
  ** applications that relink against newer versions of SQLite, the
  ** ability to run load_extension is turned off by default.  One
  ** must call sqlite3_enable_load_extension() to turn on extension
................................................................................
    }
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  xInit = (int(*)(sqlite3*,char**,const sqlite3_api_routines*))
                   sqlite3OsDlSym(pVfs, handle, zProc);
  if( xInit==0 ){
    if( pzErrMsg ){

      *pzErrMsg = zErrmsg = sqlite3_malloc(nMsg);
      if( zErrmsg ){
        sqlite3_snprintf(nMsg, zErrmsg,
            "no entry point [%s] in shared library [%s]", zProc,zFile);
        sqlite3OsDlError(pVfs, nMsg-1, zErrmsg);
      }
      sqlite3OsDlClose(pVfs, handle);
................................................................................
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft,"page_count")==0
   || sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft,"max_page_count")==0
  ){
    int iReg;
    if( sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ) goto pragma_out;
    sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iDb);
    iReg = ++pParse->nMem;
    if( zLeft[0]=='p' ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Pagecount, iDb, iReg);
    }else{
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MaxPgcnt, iDb, iReg, sqlite3Atoi(zRight));
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, iReg, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, zLeft, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
................................................................................
  **  PRAGMA [database.]journal_mode =
  **                      (delete|persist|off|truncate|memory|wal|off)
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft,"journal_mode")==0 ){
    int eMode;        /* One of the PAGER_JOURNALMODE_XXX symbols */
    int ii;           /* Loop counter */

    /* Force the schema to be loaded on all databases.  This cases all
    ** database files to be opened and the journal_modes set. */


    if( sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ){
      goto pragma_out;
    }

    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "journal_mode", SQLITE_STATIC);

................................................................................
    static const VdbeOpList endCode[] = {
      { OP_AddImm,      1, 0,        0},    /* 0 */
      { OP_IfNeg,       1, 0,        0},    /* 1 */
      { OP_String8,     0, 3,        0},    /* 2 */
      { OP_ResultRow,   3, 1,        0},
    };

    int isQuick = (zLeft[0]=='q');

    /* Initialize the VDBE program */
    if( sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ) goto pragma_out;
    pParse->nMem = 6;
    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "integrity_check", SQLITE_STATIC);

................................................................................
){
  Select *pNew;
  Select standin;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  pNew = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(*pNew) );
  assert( db->mallocFailed || !pOffset || pLimit ); /* OFFSET implies LIMIT */
  if( pNew==0 ){

    pNew = &standin;
    memset(pNew, 0, sizeof(*pNew));
  }
  if( pEList==0 ){
    pEList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, 0, sqlite3Expr(db,TK_ALL,0));
  }
  pNew->pEList = pEList;
................................................................................
  if( db->mallocFailed ) {
    clearSelect(db, pNew);
    if( pNew!=&standin ) sqlite3DbFree(db, pNew);
    pNew = 0;
  }else{
    assert( pNew->pSrc!=0 || pParse->nErr>0 );
  }

  return pNew;
}

/*
** Delete the given Select structure and all of its substructures.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SelectDelete(sqlite3 *db, Select *p){
................................................................................
               || p->pRight->u.zToken==0 || p->pRight->u.zToken[0]!=0 );
    if( (zName = pEList->a[i].zName)!=0 ){
      /* If the column contains an "AS <name>" phrase, use <name> as the name */
      zName = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, zName);
    }else{
      Expr *pColExpr = p;  /* The expression that is the result column name */
      Table *pTab;         /* Table associated with this expression */
      while( pColExpr->op==TK_DOT ) pColExpr = pColExpr->pRight;



      if( pColExpr->op==TK_COLUMN && ALWAYS(pColExpr->pTab!=0) ){
        /* For columns use the column name name */
        int iCol = pColExpr->iColumn;
        pTab = pColExpr->pTab;
        if( iCol<0 ) iCol = pTab->iPKey;
        zName = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%s",
                 iCol>=0 ? pTab->aCol[iCol].zName : "rowid");
................................................................................
        if( pIdx->onError==OE_Replace ){
          openAll = 1;
          break;
        }
      }
    }
    for(i=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, i++){

      if( openAll || aRegIdx[i]>0 ){
        KeyInfo *pKey = sqlite3IndexKeyinfo(pParse, pIdx);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_OpenWrite, iCur+i+1, pIdx->tnum, iDb,
                       (char*)pKey, P4_KEYINFO_HANDOFF);
        assert( pParse->nTab>iCur+i+1 );
      }
    }
................................................................................
  ** all record selected by the WHERE clause have been updated.
  */
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, addr);
  sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);

  /* Close all tables */
  for(i=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, i++){

    if( openAll || aRegIdx[i]>0 ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, iCur+i+1, 0);
    }
  }
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, iCur, 0);

  /* Update the sqlite_sequence table by storing the content of the
................................................................................
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  if( SQLITE_OK!=sqlite3_prepare(db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0) ){
    sqlite3SetString(pzErrMsg, db, sqlite3_errmsg(db));
    return sqlite3_errcode(db);
  }
  VVA_ONLY( rc = ) sqlite3_step(pStmt);
  assert( rc!=SQLITE_ROW );
  return vacuumFinalize(db, pStmt, pzErrMsg);
}

/*
** Execute zSql on database db. The statement returns exactly
** one column. Execute this as SQL on the same database.
*/
................................................................................
      "  SELECT type, name, tbl_name, rootpage, sql"
      "    FROM main.sqlite_master"
      "   WHERE type='view' OR type='trigger'"
      "      OR (type='table' AND rootpage=0)"
  );
  if( rc ) goto end_of_vacuum;

  /* At this point, unless the main db was completely empty, there is now a
  ** transaction open on the vacuum database, but not on the main database.
  ** Open a btree level transaction on the main database. This allows a

  ** call to sqlite3BtreeCopyFile(). The main database btree level
  ** transaction is then committed, so the SQL level never knows it was
  ** opened for writing. This way, the SQL transaction used to create the
  ** temporary database never needs to be committed.
  */
  {
    u32 meta;
    int i;

    /* This array determines which meta meta values are preserved in the
    ** vacuum.  Even entries are the meta value number and odd entries
................................................................................
  assert( op==SAVEPOINT_RELEASE||op==SAVEPOINT_ROLLBACK||op==SAVEPOINT_BEGIN );
  assert( iSavepoint>=0 );
  if( db->aVTrans ){
    int i;
    for(i=0; rc==SQLITE_OK && i<db->nVTrans; i++){
      VTable *pVTab = db->aVTrans[i];
      const sqlite3_module *pMod = pVTab->pMod->pModule;
      if( pMod->iVersion>=2 ){
        int (*xMethod)(sqlite3_vtab *, int);
        switch( op ){
          case SAVEPOINT_BEGIN:
            xMethod = pMod->xSavepoint;
            pVTab->iSavepoint = iSavepoint+1;
            break;
          case SAVEPOINT_ROLLBACK:
................................................................................
            xMethod = pMod->xRollbackTo;
            break;
          default:
            xMethod = pMod->xRelease;
            break;
        }
        if( xMethod && pVTab->iSavepoint>iSavepoint ){
          rc = xMethod(db->aVTrans[i]->pVtab, iSavepoint);
        }
      }
    }
  }
  return rc;
}

................................................................................
#define TERM_DYNAMIC    0x01   /* Need to call sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pExpr) */
#define TERM_VIRTUAL    0x02   /* Added by the optimizer.  Do not code */
#define TERM_CODED      0x04   /* This term is already coded */
#define TERM_COPIED     0x08   /* Has a child */
#define TERM_ORINFO     0x10   /* Need to free the WhereTerm.u.pOrInfo object */
#define TERM_ANDINFO    0x20   /* Need to free the WhereTerm.u.pAndInfo obj */
#define TERM_OR_OK      0x40   /* Used during OR-clause processing */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2
#  define TERM_VNULL    0x80   /* Manufactured x>NULL or x<=NULL term */
#else
#  define TERM_VNULL    0x00   /* Disabled if not using stat2 */
#endif

/*
** An instance of the following structure holds all information about a
** WHERE clause.  Mostly this is a container for one or more WhereTerms.








*/
struct WhereClause {
  Parse *pParse;           /* The parser context */
  WhereMaskSet *pMaskSet;  /* Mapping of table cursor numbers to bitmasks */
  Bitmask vmask;           /* Bitmask identifying virtual table cursors */

  u8 op;                   /* Split operator.  TK_AND or TK_OR */

  int nTerm;               /* Number of terms */
  int nSlot;               /* Number of entries in a[] */
  WhereTerm *a;            /* Each a[] describes a term of the WHERE cluase */
#if defined(SQLITE_SMALL_STACK)
  WhereTerm aStatic[1];    /* Initial static space for a[] */
#else
  WhereTerm aStatic[8];    /* Initial static space for a[] */
................................................................................

/*
** Initialize a preallocated WhereClause structure.
*/
static void whereClauseInit(
  WhereClause *pWC,        /* The WhereClause to be initialized */
  Parse *pParse,           /* The parsing context */
  WhereMaskSet *pMaskSet   /* Mapping from table cursor numbers to bitmasks */

){
  pWC->pParse = pParse;
  pWC->pMaskSet = pMaskSet;

  pWC->nTerm = 0;
  pWC->nSlot = ArraySize(pWC->aStatic);
  pWC->a = pWC->aStatic;
  pWC->vmask = 0;

}

/* Forward reference */
static void whereClauseClear(WhereClause*);

/*
** Deallocate all memory associated with a WhereOrInfo object.
................................................................................
  u32 op,               /* Mask of WO_xx values describing operator */
  Index *pIdx           /* Must be compatible with this index, if not NULL */
){
  WhereTerm *pTerm;
  int k;
  assert( iCur>=0 );
  op &= WO_ALL;

  for(pTerm=pWC->a, k=pWC->nTerm; k; k--, pTerm++){
    if( pTerm->leftCursor==iCur
       && (pTerm->prereqRight & notReady)==0
       && pTerm->u.leftColumn==iColumn
       && (pTerm->eOperator & op)!=0
    ){
      if( pIdx && pTerm->eOperator!=WO_ISNULL ){
        Expr *pX = pTerm->pExpr;
        CollSeq *pColl;
        char idxaff;
        int j;
        Parse *pParse = pWC->pParse;

        idxaff = pIdx->pTable->aCol[iColumn].affinity;
        if( !sqlite3IndexAffinityOk(pX, idxaff) ) continue;

        /* Figure out the collation sequence required from an index for
        ** it to be useful for optimising expression pX. Store this
        ** value in variable pColl.
        */
        assert(pX->pLeft);
        pColl = sqlite3BinaryCompareCollSeq(pParse, pX->pLeft, pX->pRight);
        assert(pColl || pParse->nErr);

        for(j=0; pIdx->aiColumn[j]!=iColumn; j++){
          if( NEVER(j>=pIdx->nColumn) ) return 0;
        }
        if( pColl && sqlite3StrICmp(pColl->zName, pIdx->azColl[j]) ) continue;
      }
      return pTerm;

    }
  }
  return 0;
}

/* Forward reference */
static void exprAnalyze(SrcList*, WhereClause*, int);
................................................................................
  if( op==TK_VARIABLE ){
    Vdbe *pReprepare = pParse->pReprepare;
    int iCol = pRight->iColumn;
    pVal = sqlite3VdbeGetValue(pReprepare, iCol, SQLITE_AFF_NONE);
    if( pVal && sqlite3_value_type(pVal)==SQLITE_TEXT ){
      z = (char *)sqlite3_value_text(pVal);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeSetVarmask(pParse->pVdbe, iCol); /* IMP: R-23257-02778 */
    assert( pRight->op==TK_VARIABLE || pRight->op==TK_REGISTER );
  }else if( op==TK_STRING ){
    z = pRight->u.zToken;
  }
  if( z ){
    cnt = 0;
    while( (c=z[cnt])!=0 && c!=wc[0] && c!=wc[1] && c!=wc[2] ){
................................................................................
      Expr *pPrefix;
      *pisComplete = c==wc[0] && z[cnt+1]==0;
      pPrefix = sqlite3Expr(db, TK_STRING, z);
      if( pPrefix ) pPrefix->u.zToken[cnt] = 0;
      *ppPrefix = pPrefix;
      if( op==TK_VARIABLE ){
        Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
        sqlite3VdbeSetVarmask(v, pRight->iColumn); /* IMP: R-23257-02778 */
        if( *pisComplete && pRight->u.zToken[1] ){
          /* If the rhs of the LIKE expression is a variable, and the current
          ** value of the variable means there is no need to invoke the LIKE
          ** function, then no OP_Variable will be added to the program.
          ** This causes problems for the sqlite3_bind_parameter_name()
          ** API. To workaround them, add a dummy OP_Variable here.
          */ 
................................................................................
  */
  assert( (pTerm->wtFlags & (TERM_DYNAMIC|TERM_ORINFO|TERM_ANDINFO))==0 );
  assert( pExpr->op==TK_OR );
  pTerm->u.pOrInfo = pOrInfo = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(*pOrInfo));
  if( pOrInfo==0 ) return;
  pTerm->wtFlags |= TERM_ORINFO;
  pOrWc = &pOrInfo->wc;
  whereClauseInit(pOrWc, pWC->pParse, pMaskSet);
  whereSplit(pOrWc, pExpr, TK_OR);
  exprAnalyzeAll(pSrc, pOrWc);
  if( db->mallocFailed ) return;
  assert( pOrWc->nTerm>=2 );

  /*
  ** Compute the set of tables that might satisfy cases 1 or 2.
................................................................................
        WhereTerm *pAndTerm;
        int j;
        Bitmask b = 0;
        pOrTerm->u.pAndInfo = pAndInfo;
        pOrTerm->wtFlags |= TERM_ANDINFO;
        pOrTerm->eOperator = WO_AND;
        pAndWC = &pAndInfo->wc;
        whereClauseInit(pAndWC, pWC->pParse, pMaskSet);
        whereSplit(pAndWC, pOrTerm->pExpr, TK_AND);
        exprAnalyzeAll(pSrc, pAndWC);

        testcase( db->mallocFailed );
        if( !db->mallocFailed ){
          for(j=0, pAndTerm=pAndWC->a; j<pAndWC->nTerm; j++, pAndTerm++){
            assert( pAndTerm->pExpr );
            if( allowedOp(pAndTerm->pExpr->op) ){
              b |= getMask(pMaskSet, pAndTerm->leftCursor);
            }
................................................................................
      pTerm->nChild = 1;
      pTerm->wtFlags |= TERM_COPIED;
      pNewTerm->prereqAll = pTerm->prereqAll;
    }
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2
  /* When sqlite_stat2 histogram data is available an operator of the
  ** form "x IS NOT NULL" can sometimes be evaluated more efficiently
  ** as "x>NULL" if x is not an INTEGER PRIMARY KEY.  So construct a
  ** virtual term of that form.
  **
  ** Note that the virtual term must be tagged with TERM_VNULL.  This
  ** TERM_VNULL tag will suppress the not-null check at the beginning
  ** of the loop.  Without the TERM_VNULL flag, the not-null check at
................................................................................
      pNewTerm->iParent = idxTerm;
      pTerm = &pWC->a[idxTerm];
      pTerm->nChild = 1;
      pTerm->wtFlags |= TERM_COPIED;
      pNewTerm->prereqAll = pTerm->prereqAll;
    }
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2 */

  /* Prevent ON clause terms of a LEFT JOIN from being used to drive
  ** an index for tables to the left of the join.
  */
  pTerm->prereqRight |= extraRight;
}

................................................................................
){
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_OR_OPTIMIZATION
  const int iCur = pSrc->iCursor;   /* The cursor of the table to be accessed */
  const Bitmask maskSrc = getMask(pWC->pMaskSet, iCur);  /* Bitmask for pSrc */
  WhereTerm * const pWCEnd = &pWC->a[pWC->nTerm];        /* End of pWC->a[] */
  WhereTerm *pTerm;                 /* A single term of the WHERE clause */

  /* No OR-clause optimization allowed if the INDEXED BY or NOT INDEXED clauses
  ** are used */
  if( pSrc->notIndexed || pSrc->pIndex!=0 ){
    return;



  }

  /* Search the WHERE clause terms for a usable WO_OR term. */
  for(pTerm=pWC->a; pTerm<pWCEnd; pTerm++){
    if( pTerm->eOperator==WO_OR 
     && ((pTerm->prereqAll & ~maskSrc) & notReady)==0
     && (pTerm->u.pOrInfo->indexable & maskSrc)!=0 
................................................................................
        if( pOrTerm->eOperator==WO_AND ){
          WhereClause *pAndWC = &pOrTerm->u.pAndInfo->wc;
          bestIndex(pParse, pAndWC, pSrc, notReady, notValid, 0, &sTermCost);
        }else if( pOrTerm->leftCursor==iCur ){
          WhereClause tempWC;
          tempWC.pParse = pWC->pParse;
          tempWC.pMaskSet = pWC->pMaskSet;

          tempWC.op = TK_AND;
          tempWC.a = pOrTerm;

          tempWC.nTerm = 1;
          bestIndex(pParse, &tempWC, pSrc, notReady, notValid, 0, &sTermCost);
        }else{
          continue;
        }
        rTotal += sTermCost.rCost;
        nRow += sTermCost.plan.nRow;
................................................................................
  /* Try to find a more efficient access pattern by using multiple indexes
  ** to optimize an OR expression within the WHERE clause. 
  */
  bestOrClauseIndex(pParse, pWC, pSrc, notReady, notValid, pOrderBy, pCost);
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */


/*
** Argument pIdx is a pointer to an index structure that has an array of
** SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES evenly spaced samples of the first indexed column
** stored in Index.aSample. These samples divide the domain of values stored
** the index into (SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES+1) regions.
** Region 0 contains all values less than the first sample value. Region
** 1 contains values between the first and second samples.  Region 2 contains
** values between samples 2 and 3.  And so on.  Region SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES
** contains values larger than the last sample.
**
** If the index contains many duplicates of a single value, then it is
** possible that two or more adjacent samples can hold the same value.
** When that is the case, the smallest possible region code is returned
** when roundUp is false and the largest possible region code is returned
** when roundUp is true.


**
** If successful, this function determines which of the regions value 
** pVal lies in, sets *piRegion to the region index (a value between 0
** and SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES+1, inclusive) and returns SQLITE_OK.
** Or, if an OOM occurs while converting text values between encodings,
** SQLITE_NOMEM is returned and *piRegion is undefined.

*/
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2
static int whereRangeRegion(
  Parse *pParse,              /* Database connection */
  Index *pIdx,                /* Index to consider domain of */
  sqlite3_value *pVal,        /* Value to consider */
  int roundUp,                /* Return largest valid region if true */
  int *piRegion               /* OUT: Region of domain in which value lies */
){







  assert( roundUp==0 || roundUp==1 );
  if( ALWAYS(pVal) ){



    IndexSample *aSample = pIdx->aSample;
    int i = 0;
    int eType = sqlite3_value_type(pVal);

    if( eType==SQLITE_INTEGER || eType==SQLITE_FLOAT ){



















      double r = sqlite3_value_double(pVal);
      for(i=0; i<SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES; i++){

        if( aSample[i].eType==SQLITE_NULL ) continue;
        if( aSample[i].eType>=SQLITE_TEXT ) break;
        if( roundUp ){

          if( aSample[i].u.r>r ) break;
        }else{
          if( aSample[i].u.r>=r ) break;
        }



      }

    }else if( eType==SQLITE_NULL ){
      i = 0;
      if( roundUp ){
        while( i<SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES && aSample[i].eType==SQLITE_NULL ) i++;
      }
    }else{ 







      sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
      CollSeq *pColl;
      const u8 *z;
      int n;

      /* pVal comes from sqlite3ValueFromExpr() so the type cannot be NULL */
      assert( eType==SQLITE_TEXT || eType==SQLITE_BLOB );

      if( eType==SQLITE_BLOB ){
        z = (const u8 *)sqlite3_value_blob(pVal);
        pColl = db->pDfltColl;
        assert( pColl->enc==SQLITE_UTF8 );
      }else{
        pColl = sqlite3GetCollSeq(db, SQLITE_UTF8, 0, *pIdx->azColl);
        if( pColl==0 ){
................................................................................
        z = (const u8 *)sqlite3ValueText(pVal, pColl->enc);
        if( !z ){
          return SQLITE_NOMEM;
        }
        assert( z && pColl && pColl->xCmp );
      }
      n = sqlite3ValueBytes(pVal, pColl->enc);

      for(i=0; i<SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES; i++){
        int c;
        int eSampletype = aSample[i].eType;
        if( eSampletype==SQLITE_NULL || eSampletype<eType ) continue;
        if( (eSampletype!=eType) ) break;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16
        if( pColl->enc!=SQLITE_UTF8 ){
          int nSample;
          char *zSample = sqlite3Utf8to16(
              db, pColl->enc, aSample[i].u.z, aSample[i].nByte, &nSample
          );
          if( !zSample ){
................................................................................
          c = pColl->xCmp(pColl->pUser, nSample, zSample, n, z);
          sqlite3DbFree(db, zSample);
        }else
#endif
        {
          c = pColl->xCmp(pColl->pUser, aSample[i].nByte, aSample[i].u.z, n, z);
        }


        if( c-roundUp>=0 ) break;
      }
    }

    assert( i>=0 && i<=SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES );
    *piRegion = i;
  }































  return SQLITE_OK;
}
#endif   /* #ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2 */

/*
** If expression pExpr represents a literal value, set *pp to point to
** an sqlite3_value structure containing the same value, with affinity
** aff applied to it, before returning. It is the responsibility of the 
** caller to eventually release this structure by passing it to 
** sqlite3ValueFree().
................................................................................
** create an sqlite3_value structure containing this value, again with
** affinity aff applied to it, instead.
**
** If neither of the above apply, set *pp to NULL.
**
** If an error occurs, return an error code. Otherwise, SQLITE_OK.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2
static int valueFromExpr(
  Parse *pParse, 
  Expr *pExpr, 
  u8 aff, 
  sqlite3_value **pp
){
  if( pExpr->op==TK_VARIABLE
   || (pExpr->op==TK_REGISTER && pExpr->op2==TK_VARIABLE)
  ){
    int iVar = pExpr->iColumn;
    sqlite3VdbeSetVarmask(pParse->pVdbe, iVar); /* IMP: R-23257-02778 */
    *pp = sqlite3VdbeGetValue(pParse->pReprepare, iVar, aff);
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  return sqlite3ValueFromExpr(pParse->db, pExpr, SQLITE_UTF8, aff, pp);
}
#endif

................................................................................
** then nEq should be passed the value 1 (as the range restricted column,
** b, is the second left-most column of the index). Or, if the query is:
**
**   ... FROM t1 WHERE a > ? AND a < ? ...
**
** then nEq should be passed 0.
**
** The returned value is an integer between 1 and 100, inclusive. A return
** value of 1 indicates that the proposed range scan is expected to visit
** approximately 1/100th (1%) of the rows selected by the nEq equality
** constraints (if any). A return value of 100 indicates that it is expected
** that the range scan will visit every row (100%) selected by the equality
** constraints.
**
** In the absence of sqlite_stat2 ANALYZE data, each range inequality
** reduces the search space by 3/4ths.  Hence a single constraint (x>?)
** results in a return of 25 and a range constraint (x>? AND x<?) results
** in a return of 6.
*/
static int whereRangeScanEst(
  Parse *pParse,       /* Parsing & code generating context */
  Index *p,            /* The index containing the range-compared column; "x" */
  int nEq,             /* index into p->aCol[] of the range-compared column */
  WhereTerm *pLower,   /* Lower bound on the range. ex: "x>123" Might be NULL */
  WhereTerm *pUpper,   /* Upper bound on the range. ex: "x<455" Might be NULL */
  int *piEst           /* OUT: Return value */
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2

  if( nEq==0 && p->aSample ){
    sqlite3_value *pLowerVal = 0;
    sqlite3_value *pUpperVal = 0;
    int iEst;
    int iLower = 0;
    int iUpper = SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES;
    int roundUpUpper = 0;
    int roundUpLower = 0;

    u8 aff = p->pTable->aCol[p->aiColumn[0]].affinity;

    if( pLower ){
      Expr *pExpr = pLower->pExpr->pRight;
      rc = valueFromExpr(pParse, pExpr, aff, &pLowerVal);
      assert( pLower->eOperator==WO_GT || pLower->eOperator==WO_GE );




      roundUpLower = (pLower->eOperator==WO_GT) ?1:0;


    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pUpper ){
      Expr *pExpr = pUpper->pExpr->pRight;
      rc = valueFromExpr(pParse, pExpr, aff, &pUpperVal);
      assert( pUpper->eOperator==WO_LT || pUpper->eOperator==WO_LE );




      roundUpUpper = (pUpper->eOperator==WO_LE) ?1:0;
    }


    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK || (pLowerVal==0 && pUpperVal==0) ){
      sqlite3ValueFree(pLowerVal);
      sqlite3ValueFree(pUpperVal);
      goto range_est_fallback;
    }else if( pLowerVal==0 ){
      rc = whereRangeRegion(pParse, p, pUpperVal, roundUpUpper, &iUpper);
      if( pLower ) iLower = iUpper/2;
    }else if( pUpperVal==0 ){
      rc = whereRangeRegion(pParse, p, pLowerVal, roundUpLower, &iLower);
      if( pUpper ) iUpper = (iLower + SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES + 1)/2;
    }else{
      rc = whereRangeRegion(pParse, p, pUpperVal, roundUpUpper, &iUpper);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        rc = whereRangeRegion(pParse, p, pLowerVal, roundUpLower, &iLower);

      }
    }
    WHERETRACE(("range scan regions: %d..%d\n", iLower, iUpper));



    iEst = iUpper - iLower;
    testcase( iEst==SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES );
    assert( iEst<=SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES );
    if( iEst<1 ){
      *piEst = 50/SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES;
    }else{
      *piEst = (iEst*100)/SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES;
    }
    sqlite3ValueFree(pLowerVal);
    sqlite3ValueFree(pUpperVal);
    return rc;
  }
range_est_fallback:
#else
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pParse);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(p);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(nEq);
#endif
  assert( pLower || pUpper );
  *piEst = 100;

  if( pLower && (pLower->wtFlags & TERM_VNULL)==0 ) *piEst /= 4;
  if( pUpper ) *piEst /= 4;
  return rc;
}

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2
/*
** Estimate the number of rows that will be returned based on
** an equality constraint x=VALUE and where that VALUE occurs in
** the histogram data.  This only works when x is the left-most
** column of an index and sqlite_stat2 histogram data is available
** for that index.  When pExpr==NULL that means the constraint is
** "x IS NULL" instead of "x=VALUE".
**
** Write the estimated row count into *pnRow and return SQLITE_OK. 
** If unable to make an estimate, leave *pnRow unchanged and return
** non-zero.
**
................................................................................
static int whereEqualScanEst(
  Parse *pParse,       /* Parsing & code generating context */
  Index *p,            /* The index whose left-most column is pTerm */
  Expr *pExpr,         /* Expression for VALUE in the x=VALUE constraint */
  double *pnRow        /* Write the revised row estimate here */
){
  sqlite3_value *pRhs = 0;  /* VALUE on right-hand side of pTerm */
  int iLower, iUpper;       /* Range of histogram regions containing pRhs */
  u8 aff;                   /* Column affinity */
  int rc;                   /* Subfunction return code */
  double nRowEst;           /* New estimate of the number of rows */


  assert( p->aSample!=0 );

  aff = p->pTable->aCol[p->aiColumn[0]].affinity;
  if( pExpr ){
    rc = valueFromExpr(pParse, pExpr, aff, &pRhs);
    if( rc ) goto whereEqualScanEst_cancel;
  }else{
    pRhs = sqlite3ValueNew(pParse->db);
  }
  if( pRhs==0 ) return SQLITE_NOTFOUND;
  rc = whereRangeRegion(pParse, p, pRhs, 0, &iLower);
  if( rc ) goto whereEqualScanEst_cancel;
  rc = whereRangeRegion(pParse, p, pRhs, 1, &iUpper);
  if( rc ) goto whereEqualScanEst_cancel;
  WHERETRACE(("equality scan regions: %d..%d\n", iLower, iUpper));
  if( iLower>=iUpper ){
    nRowEst = p->aiRowEst[0]/(SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES*2);
    if( nRowEst<*pnRow ) *pnRow = nRowEst;
  }else{
    nRowEst = (iUpper-iLower)*p->aiRowEst[0]/SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES;
    *pnRow = nRowEst;
  }

whereEqualScanEst_cancel:
  sqlite3ValueFree(pRhs);
  return rc;
}
#endif /* defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2) */

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2
/*
** Estimate the number of rows that will be returned based on
** an IN constraint where the right-hand side of the IN operator
** is a list of values.  Example:
**
**        WHERE x IN (1,2,3,4)
**
................................................................................
*/
static int whereInScanEst(
  Parse *pParse,       /* Parsing & code generating context */
  Index *p,            /* The index whose left-most column is pTerm */
  ExprList *pList,     /* The value list on the RHS of "x IN (v1,v2,v3,...)" */
  double *pnRow        /* Write the revised row estimate here */
){
  sqlite3_value *pVal = 0;  /* One value from list */
  int iLower, iUpper;       /* Range of histogram regions containing pRhs */
  u8 aff;                   /* Column affinity */
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;       /* Subfunction return code */

  double nRowEst;           /* New estimate of the number of rows */
  int nSpan = 0;            /* Number of histogram regions spanned */
  int nSingle = 0;          /* Histogram regions hit by a single value */
  int nNotFound = 0;        /* Count of values that are not constants */
  int i;                               /* Loop counter */
  u8 aSpan[SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES+1];    /* Histogram regions that are spanned */
  u8 aSingle[SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES+1];  /* Histogram regions hit once */

  assert( p->aSample!=0 );
  aff = p->pTable->aCol[p->aiColumn[0]].affinity;
  memset(aSpan, 0, sizeof(aSpan));
  memset(aSingle, 0, sizeof(aSingle));
  for(i=0; i<pList->nExpr; i++){
    sqlite3ValueFree(pVal);
    rc = valueFromExpr(pParse, pList->a[i].pExpr, aff, &pVal);
    if( rc ) break;
    if( pVal==0 || sqlite3_value_type(pVal)==SQLITE_NULL ){
      nNotFound++;
      continue;



    }
    rc = whereRangeRegion(pParse, p, pVal, 0, &iLower);
    if( rc ) break;
    rc = whereRangeRegion(pParse, p, pVal, 1, &iUpper);
    if( rc ) break;
    if( iLower>=iUpper ){
      aSingle[iLower] = 1;
    }else{
      assert( iLower>=0 && iUpper<=SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES );
      while( iLower<iUpper ) aSpan[iLower++] = 1;
    }
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    for(i=nSpan=0; i<=SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES; i++){
      if( aSpan[i] ){
        nSpan++;
      }else if( aSingle[i] ){
        nSingle++;
      }
    }
    nRowEst = (nSpan*2+nSingle)*p->aiRowEst[0]/(2*SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES)
               + nNotFound*p->aiRowEst[1];
    if( nRowEst > p->aiRowEst[0] ) nRowEst = p->aiRowEst[0];
    *pnRow = nRowEst;
    WHERETRACE(("IN row estimate: nSpan=%d, nSingle=%d, nNotFound=%d, est=%g\n",
                 nSpan, nSingle, nNotFound, nRowEst));
  }
  sqlite3ValueFree(pVal);
  return rc;
}
#endif /* defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2) */


/*
** Find the best query plan for accessing a particular table.  Write the
** best query plan and its cost into the WhereCost object supplied as the
** last parameter.
**
................................................................................
){
  int iCur = pSrc->iCursor;   /* The cursor of the table to be accessed */
  Index *pProbe;              /* An index we are evaluating */
  Index *pIdx;                /* Copy of pProbe, or zero for IPK index */
  int eqTermMask;             /* Current mask of valid equality operators */
  int idxEqTermMask;          /* Index mask of valid equality operators */
  Index sPk;                  /* A fake index object for the primary key */
  unsigned int aiRowEstPk[2]; /* The aiRowEst[] value for the sPk index */
  int aiColumnPk = -1;        /* The aColumn[] value for the sPk index */
  int wsFlagMask;             /* Allowed flags in pCost->plan.wsFlag */

  /* Initialize the cost to a worst-case value */
  memset(pCost, 0, sizeof(*pCost));
  pCost->rCost = SQLITE_BIG_DBL;

................................................................................
    eqTermMask = WO_EQ|WO_IN;
    pIdx = 0;
  }

  /* Loop over all indices looking for the best one to use
  */
  for(; pProbe; pIdx=pProbe=pProbe->pNext){
    const unsigned int * const aiRowEst = pProbe->aiRowEst;
    double cost;                /* Cost of using pProbe */
    double nRow;                /* Estimated number of rows in result set */
    double log10N;              /* base-10 logarithm of nRow (inexact) */
    int rev;                    /* True to scan in reverse order */
    int wsFlags = 0;
    Bitmask used = 0;

    /* The following variables are populated based on the properties of
    ** index being evaluated. They are then used to determine the expected
    ** cost and number of rows returned.
................................................................................
    **
    **  bInEst:  
    **    Set to true if there was at least one "x IN (SELECT ...)" term used 
    **    in determining the value of nInMul.  Note that the RHS of the
    **    IN operator must be a SELECT, not a value list, for this variable
    **    to be true.
    **
    **  estBound:
    **    An estimate on the amount of the table that must be searched.  A
    **    value of 100 means the entire table is searched.  Range constraints
    **    might reduce this to a value less than 100 to indicate that only
    **    a fraction of the table needs searching.  In the absence of
    **    sqlite_stat2 ANALYZE data, a single inequality reduces the search
    **    space to 1/4rd its original size.  So an x>? constraint reduces
    **    estBound to 25.  Two constraints (x>? AND x<?) reduce estBound to 6.


    **
    **  bSort:   
    **    Boolean. True if there is an ORDER BY clause that will require an 
    **    external sort (i.e. scanning the index being evaluated will not 
    **    correctly order records).
    **
    **  bLookup: 
................................................................................
    **
    **             SELECT a, b    FROM tbl WHERE a = 1;
    **             SELECT a, b, c FROM tbl WHERE a = 1;
    */
    int nEq;                      /* Number of == or IN terms matching index */
    int bInEst = 0;               /* True if "x IN (SELECT...)" seen */
    int nInMul = 1;               /* Number of distinct equalities to lookup */
    int estBound = 100;           /* Estimated reduction in search space */
    int nBound = 0;               /* Number of range constraints seen */
    int bSort = !!pOrderBy;       /* True if external sort required */
    int bDist = !!pDistinct;      /* True if index cannot help with DISTINCT */
    int bLookup = 0;              /* True if not a covering index */
    WhereTerm *pTerm;             /* A single term of the WHERE clause */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2
    WhereTerm *pFirstTerm = 0;    /* First term matching the index */
#endif

    /* Determine the values of nEq and nInMul */
    for(nEq=0; nEq<pProbe->nColumn; nEq++){
      int j = pProbe->aiColumn[nEq];
      pTerm = findTerm(pWC, iCur, j, notReady, eqTermMask, pIdx);
      if( pTerm==0 ) break;
      wsFlags |= (WHERE_COLUMN_EQ|WHERE_ROWID_EQ);

      if( pTerm->eOperator & WO_IN ){
        Expr *pExpr = pTerm->pExpr;
        wsFlags |= WHERE_COLUMN_IN;
        if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
          /* "x IN (SELECT ...)":  Assume the SELECT returns 25 rows */
          nInMul *= 25;
          bInEst = 1;
................................................................................
        }else if( ALWAYS(pExpr->x.pList && pExpr->x.pList->nExpr) ){
          /* "x IN (value, value, ...)" */
          nInMul *= pExpr->x.pList->nExpr;
        }
      }else if( pTerm->eOperator & WO_ISNULL ){
        wsFlags |= WHERE_COLUMN_NULL;
      }
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2
      if( nEq==0 && pProbe->aSample ) pFirstTerm = pTerm;
#endif
      used |= pTerm->prereqRight;
    }

    /* Determine the value of estBound. */
    if( nEq<pProbe->nColumn && pProbe->bUnordered==0 ){
      int j = pProbe->aiColumn[nEq];
      if( findTerm(pWC, iCur, j, notReady, WO_LT|WO_LE|WO_GT|WO_GE, pIdx) ){
        WhereTerm *pTop = findTerm(pWC, iCur, j, notReady, WO_LT|WO_LE, pIdx);
        WhereTerm *pBtm = findTerm(pWC, iCur, j, notReady, WO_GT|WO_GE, pIdx);
        whereRangeScanEst(pParse, pProbe, nEq, pBtm, pTop, &estBound);
        if( pTop ){
          nBound = 1;
          wsFlags |= WHERE_TOP_LIMIT;
          used |= pTop->prereqRight;

        }
        if( pBtm ){
          nBound++;
          wsFlags |= WHERE_BTM_LIMIT;
          used |= pBtm->prereqRight;

        }
        wsFlags |= (WHERE_COLUMN_RANGE|WHERE_ROWID_RANGE);
      }
    }else if( pProbe->onError!=OE_None ){
      testcase( wsFlags & WHERE_COLUMN_IN );
      testcase( wsFlags & WHERE_COLUMN_NULL );
      if( (wsFlags & (WHERE_COLUMN_IN|WHERE_COLUMN_NULL))==0 ){
................................................................................
    */
    nRow = (double)(aiRowEst[nEq] * nInMul);
    if( bInEst && nRow*2>aiRowEst[0] ){
      nRow = aiRowEst[0]/2;
      nInMul = (int)(nRow / aiRowEst[nEq]);
    }

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2
    /* If the constraint is of the form x=VALUE or x IN (E1,E2,...)
    ** and we do not think that values of x are unique and if histogram
    ** data is available for column x, then it might be possible
    ** to get a better estimate on the number of rows based on
    ** VALUE and how common that value is according to the histogram.
    */
    if( nRow>(double)1 && nEq==1 && pFirstTerm!=0 && aiRowEst[1]>1 ){

      if( pFirstTerm->eOperator & (WO_EQ|WO_ISNULL) ){
        testcase( pFirstTerm->eOperator==WO_EQ );
        testcase( pFirstTerm->eOperator==WO_ISNULL );
        whereEqualScanEst(pParse, pProbe, pFirstTerm->pExpr->pRight, &nRow);

      }else if( pFirstTerm->eOperator==WO_IN && bInEst==0 ){
        whereInScanEst(pParse, pProbe, pFirstTerm->pExpr->x.pList, &nRow);
      }
    }
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2 */

    /* Adjust the number of output rows and downward to reflect rows
    ** that are excluded by range constraints.
    */
    nRow = (nRow * (double)estBound) / (double)100;
    if( nRow<1 ) nRow = 1;

    /* Experiments run on real SQLite databases show that the time needed
    ** to do a binary search to locate a row in a table or index is roughly
    ** log10(N) times the time to move from one row to the next row within
    ** a table or index.  The actual times can vary, with the size of
    ** records being an important factor.  Both moves and searches are
    ** slower with larger records, presumably because fewer records fit
    ** on one page and hence more pages have to be fetched.
    **
    ** The ANALYZE command and the sqlite_stat1 and sqlite_stat2 tables do
    ** not give us data on the relative sizes of table and index records.
    ** So this computation assumes table records are about twice as big
    ** as index records
    */
    if( (wsFlags & WHERE_NOT_FULLSCAN)==0 ){
      /* The cost of a full table scan is a number of move operations equal
      ** to the number of rows in the table.
................................................................................
        }
      }
      if( nRow<2 ) nRow = 2;
    }


    WHERETRACE((
      "%s(%s): nEq=%d nInMul=%d estBound=%d bSort=%d bLookup=%d wsFlags=0x%x\n"
      "         notReady=0x%llx log10N=%.1f nRow=%.1f cost=%.1f used=0x%llx\n",
      pSrc->pTab->zName, (pIdx ? pIdx->zName : "ipk"), 
      nEq, nInMul, estBound, bSort, bLookup, wsFlags,
      notReady, log10N, nRow, cost, used
    ));

    /* If this index is the best we have seen so far, then record this
    ** index and its cost in the pCost structure.
    */
    if( (!pIdx || wsFlags)
................................................................................
** Generate code for the start of the iLevel-th loop in the WHERE clause
** implementation described by pWInfo.
*/
static Bitmask codeOneLoopStart(
  WhereInfo *pWInfo,   /* Complete information about the WHERE clause */
  int iLevel,          /* Which level of pWInfo->a[] should be coded */
  u16 wctrlFlags,      /* One of the WHERE_* flags defined in sqliteInt.h */
  Bitmask notReady     /* Which tables are currently available */

){
  int j, k;            /* Loop counters */
  int iCur;            /* The VDBE cursor for the table */
  int addrNxt;         /* Where to jump to continue with the next IN case */
  int omitTable;       /* True if we use the index only */
  int bRev;            /* True if we need to scan in reverse order */
  WhereLevel *pLevel;  /* The where level to be coded */
................................................................................

    int regReturn = ++pParse->nMem;           /* Register used with OP_Gosub */
    int regRowset = 0;                        /* Register for RowSet object */
    int regRowid = 0;                         /* Register holding rowid */
    int iLoopBody = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);  /* Start of loop body */
    int iRetInit;                             /* Address of regReturn init */
    int untestedTerms = 0;             /* Some terms not completely tested */
    int ii;

   
    pTerm = pLevel->plan.u.pTerm;
    assert( pTerm!=0 );
    assert( pTerm->eOperator==WO_OR );
    assert( (pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_ORINFO)!=0 );
    pOrWc = &pTerm->u.pOrInfo->wc;
    pLevel->op = OP_Return;
................................................................................
    */
    if( (wctrlFlags & WHERE_DUPLICATES_OK)==0 ){
      regRowset = ++pParse->nMem;
      regRowid = ++pParse->nMem;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, regRowset);
    }
    iRetInit = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, regReturn);











    for(ii=0; ii<pOrWc->nTerm; ii++){
      WhereTerm *pOrTerm = &pOrWc->a[ii];
      if( pOrTerm->leftCursor==iCur || pOrTerm->eOperator==WO_AND ){
        WhereInfo *pSubWInfo;          /* Info for single OR-term scan */





        /* Loop through table entries that match term pOrTerm. */
        pSubWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(pParse, pOrTab, pOrTerm->pExpr, 0, 0,
                        WHERE_OMIT_OPEN | WHERE_OMIT_CLOSE |
                        WHERE_FORCE_TABLE | WHERE_ONETABLE_ONLY);
        if( pSubWInfo ){
          explainOneScan(
              pParse, pOrTab, &pSubWInfo->a[0], iLevel, pLevel->iFrom, 0
          );
          if( (wctrlFlags & WHERE_DUPLICATES_OK)==0 ){
            int iSet = ((ii==pOrWc->nTerm-1)?-1:ii);
................................................................................
          if( pSubWInfo->untestedTerms ) untestedTerms = 1;

          /* Finish the loop through table entries that match term pOrTerm. */
          sqlite3WhereEnd(pSubWInfo);
        }
      }
    }

    sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, iRetInit, sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v));
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, pLevel->addrBrk);
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iLoopBody);

    if( pWInfo->nLevel>1 ) sqlite3StackFree(pParse->db, pOrTab);
    if( !untestedTerms ) disableTerm(pLevel, pTerm);
  }else
................................................................................
  ** sqlite3_test_ctrl(SQLITE_TESTCTRL_OPTIMIZATIONS,...) */
  if( db->flags & SQLITE_DistinctOpt ) pDistinct = 0;

  /* Split the WHERE clause into separate subexpressions where each
  ** subexpression is separated by an AND operator.
  */
  initMaskSet(pMaskSet);
  whereClauseInit(pWC, pParse, pMaskSet);
  sqlite3ExprCodeConstants(pParse, pWhere);
  whereSplit(pWC, pWhere, TK_AND);   /* IMP: R-15842-53296 */
    
  /* Special case: a WHERE clause that is constant.  Evaluate the
  ** expression and either jump over all of the code or fall thru.
  */
  if( pWhere && (nTabList==0 || sqlite3ExprIsConstantNotJoin(pWhere)) ){
................................................................................
      }
    }
    assert( bestJ>=0 );
    assert( notReady & getMask(pMaskSet, pTabList->a[bestJ].iCursor) );
    WHERETRACE(("*** Optimizer selects table %d for loop %d"
                " with cost=%g and nRow=%g\n",
                bestJ, pLevel-pWInfo->a, bestPlan.rCost, bestPlan.plan.nRow));

    if( (bestPlan.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_ORDERBY)!=0 ){
      *ppOrderBy = 0;
    }
    if( (bestPlan.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_DISTINCT)!=0 ){
      assert( pWInfo->eDistinct==0 );
      pWInfo->eDistinct = WHERE_DISTINCT_ORDERED;
    }
    andFlags &= bestPlan.plan.wsFlags;
................................................................................
    if( (pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE)!=0 ){
      const char *pVTab = (const char *)sqlite3GetVTable(db, pTab);
      int iCur = pTabItem->iCursor;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_VOpen, iCur, 0, 0, pVTab, P4_VTAB);
    }else
#endif
    if( (pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_IDX_ONLY)==0
         && (wctrlFlags & WHERE_OMIT_OPEN)==0 ){
      int op = pWInfo->okOnePass ? OP_OpenWrite : OP_OpenRead;
      sqlite3OpenTable(pParse, pTabItem->iCursor, iDb, pTab, op);
      testcase( pTab->nCol==BMS-1 );
      testcase( pTab->nCol==BMS );
      if( !pWInfo->okOnePass && pTab->nCol<BMS ){
        Bitmask b = pTabItem->colUsed;
        int n = 0;
................................................................................
  ** loop below generates code for a single nested loop of the VM
  ** program.
  */
  notReady = ~(Bitmask)0;
  for(i=0; i<nTabList; i++){
    pLevel = &pWInfo->a[i];
    explainOneScan(pParse, pTabList, pLevel, i, pLevel->iFrom, wctrlFlags);
    notReady = codeOneLoopStart(pWInfo, i, wctrlFlags, notReady);
    pWInfo->iContinue = pLevel->addrCont;
  }

#ifdef SQLITE_TEST  /* For testing and debugging use only */
  /* Record in the query plan information about the current table
  ** and the index used to access it (if any).  If the table itself
  ** is not used, its name is just '{}'.  If no index is used
................................................................................
  assert( pWInfo->nLevel==1 || pWInfo->nLevel==pTabList->nSrc );
  for(i=0, pLevel=pWInfo->a; i<pWInfo->nLevel; i++, pLevel++){
    struct SrcList_item *pTabItem = &pTabList->a[pLevel->iFrom];
    Table *pTab = pTabItem->pTab;
    assert( pTab!=0 );
    if( (pTab->tabFlags & TF_Ephemeral)==0
     && pTab->pSelect==0
     && (pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_OMIT_CLOSE)==0
    ){
      int ws = pLevel->plan.wsFlags;
      if( !pWInfo->okOnePass && (ws & WHERE_IDX_ONLY)==0 ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, pTabItem->iCursor);
      }
      if( (ws & WHERE_INDEXED)!=0 && (ws & WHERE_TEMP_INDEX)==0 ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, pLevel->iIdxCur);
................................................................................
  void *yyp,                   /* The parser */
  int yymajor,                 /* The major token code number */
  sqlite3ParserTOKENTYPE yyminor       /* The value for the token */
  sqlite3ParserARG_PDECL               /* Optional %extra_argument parameter */
){
  YYMINORTYPE yyminorunion;
  int yyact;            /* The parser action. */

  int yyendofinput;     /* True if we are at the end of input */

#ifdef YYERRORSYMBOL
  int yyerrorhit = 0;   /* True if yymajor has invoked an error */
#endif
  yyParser *yypParser;  /* The parser */

  /* (re)initialize the parser, if necessary */
  yypParser = (yyParser*)yyp;
................................................................................
#endif
    yypParser->yyidx = 0;
    yypParser->yyerrcnt = -1;
    yypParser->yystack[0].stateno = 0;
    yypParser->yystack[0].major = 0;
  }
  yyminorunion.yy0 = yyminor;

  yyendofinput = (yymajor==0);

  sqlite3ParserARG_STORE;

#ifndef NDEBUG
  if( yyTraceFILE ){
    fprintf(yyTraceFILE,"%sInput %s\n",yyTracePrompt,yyTokenName[yymajor]);
  }
#endif

  do{
    yyact = yy_find_shift_action(yypParser,(YYCODETYPE)yymajor);
    if( yyact<YYNSTATE ){
      assert( !yyendofinput );  /* Impossible to shift the $ token */
      yy_shift(yypParser,yyact,yymajor,&yyminorunion);
      yypParser->yyerrcnt--;
      yymajor = YYNOCODE;
    }else if( yyact < YYNSTATE + YYNRULE ){
      yy_reduce(yypParser,yyact-YYNSTATE);
    }else{
      assert( yyact == YY_ERROR_ACTION );
................................................................................
**    *  Calls to this routine from Y must block until the outer-most
**       call by X completes.
**
**    *  Recursive calls to this routine from thread X return immediately
**       without blocking.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_initialize(void){
  sqlite3_mutex *pMaster;                      /* The main static mutex */
  int rc;                                      /* Result code */

#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_WSD
  rc = sqlite3_wsd_init(4096, 24);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    return rc;
  }
................................................................................

  /* Initialize the malloc() system and the recursive pInitMutex mutex.
  ** This operation is protected by the STATIC_MASTER mutex.  Note that
  ** MutexAlloc() is called for a static mutex prior to initializing the
  ** malloc subsystem - this implies that the allocation of a static
  ** mutex must not require support from the malloc subsystem.
  */
  pMaster = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER);
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(pMaster);
  sqlite3GlobalConfig.isMutexInit = 1;
  if( !sqlite3GlobalConfig.isMallocInit ){
    rc = sqlite3MallocInit();
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3GlobalConfig.isMallocInit = 1;
................................................................................
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_overload_function(
  sqlite3 *db,
  const char *zName,
  int nArg
){
  int nName = sqlite3Strlen30(zName);
  int rc;
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  if( sqlite3FindFunction(db, zName, nName, nArg, SQLITE_UTF8, 0)==0 ){
    sqlite3CreateFunc(db, zName, nArg, SQLITE_UTF8,
                      0, sqlite3InvalidFunction, 0, 0, 0);
  }
  rc = sqlite3ApiExit(db, SQLITE_OK);
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  return rc;
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRACE
/*
** Register a trace function.  The pArg from the previously registered trace
................................................................................
opendb_out:
  sqlite3_free(zOpen);
  if( db ){
    assert( db->mutex!=0 || isThreadsafe==0 || sqlite3GlobalConfig.bFullMutex==0 );
    sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  }
  rc = sqlite3_errcode(db);

  if( rc==SQLITE_NOMEM ){
    sqlite3_close(db);
    db = 0;
  }else if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    db->magic = SQLITE_MAGIC_SICK;
  }
  *ppDb = db;
................................................................................
#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) || defined(SQLITE_COVERAGE_TEST)
# define TESTONLY(X)  X
#else
# define TESTONLY(X)
#endif

#endif /* SQLITE_AMALGAMATION */








typedef struct Fts3Table Fts3Table;
typedef struct Fts3Cursor Fts3Cursor;
typedef struct Fts3Expr Fts3Expr;
typedef struct Fts3Phrase Fts3Phrase;
typedef struct Fts3PhraseToken Fts3PhraseToken;

................................................................................
  sqlite3_vtab base;              /* Base class used by SQLite core */
  sqlite3 *db;                    /* The database connection */
  const char *zDb;                /* logical database name */
  const char *zName;              /* virtual table name */
  int nColumn;                    /* number of named columns in virtual table */
  char **azColumn;                /* column names.  malloced */
  sqlite3_tokenizer *pTokenizer;  /* tokenizer for inserts and queries */


  /* Precompiled statements used by the implementation. Each of these 
  ** statements is run and reset within a single virtual table API call. 
  */
  sqlite3_stmt *aStmt[27];

  char *zReadExprlist;
................................................................................
    int nPrefix;                  /* Prefix length (0 for main terms index) */
    Fts3Hash hPending;            /* Pending terms table for this index */
  } *aIndex;
  int nMaxPendingData;            /* Max pending data before flush to disk */
  int nPendingData;               /* Current bytes of pending data */
  sqlite_int64 iPrevDocid;        /* Docid of most recently inserted document */

#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
  /* State variables used for validating that the transaction control
  ** methods of the virtual table are called at appropriate times.  These
  ** values do not contribution to the FTS computation; they are used for
  ** verifying the SQLite core.
  */
  int inTransaction;     /* True after xBegin but before xCommit/xRollback */
  int mxSavepoint;       /* Largest valid xSavepoint integer */
................................................................................
** For a sequence of tokens contained in double-quotes (i.e. "one two three")
** nToken will be the number of tokens in the string.
*/
struct Fts3PhraseToken {
  char *z;                        /* Text of the token */
  int n;                          /* Number of bytes in buffer z */
  int isPrefix;                   /* True if token ends with a "*" character */


  /* Variables above this point are populated when the expression is
  ** parsed (by code in fts3_expr.c). Below this point the variables are
  ** used when evaluating the expression. */
  Fts3DeferredToken *pDeferred;   /* Deferred token object for this token */
  Fts3MultiSegReader *pSegcsr;    /* Segment-reader for this token */
};
................................................................................

/* Flags allowed as part of the 4th argument to SegmentReaderIterate() */
#define FTS3_SEGMENT_REQUIRE_POS   0x00000001
#define FTS3_SEGMENT_IGNORE_EMPTY  0x00000002
#define FTS3_SEGMENT_COLUMN_FILTER 0x00000004
#define FTS3_SEGMENT_PREFIX        0x00000008
#define FTS3_SEGMENT_SCAN          0x00000010


/* Type passed as 4th argument to SegmentReaderIterate() */
struct Fts3SegFilter {
  const char *zTerm;
  int nTerm;
  int iCol;
  int flags;
................................................................................
/* fts3.c */
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Fts3PutVarint(char *, sqlite3_int64);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Fts3GetVarint(const char *, sqlite_int64 *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Fts3GetVarint32(const char *, int *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Fts3VarintLen(sqlite3_uint64);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Fts3Dequote(char *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Fts3DoclistPrev(int,char*,int,char**,sqlite3_int64*,int*,u8*);

SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Fts3EvalPhraseStats(Fts3Cursor *, Fts3Expr *, u32 *);


/* fts3_tokenizer.c */
SQLITE_PRIVATE const char *sqlite3Fts3NextToken(const char *, int *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Fts3InitHashTable(sqlite3 *, Fts3Hash *, const char *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Fts3InitTokenizer(Fts3Hash *pHash, const char *, 
    sqlite3_tokenizer **, char **
);
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Fts3Snippet(sqlite3_context *, Fts3Cursor *, const char *,
  const char *, const char *, int, int
);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Fts3Matchinfo(sqlite3_context *, Fts3Cursor *, const char *);

/* fts3_expr.c */
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Fts3ExprParse(sqlite3_tokenizer *, 
  char **, int, int, const char *, int, Fts3Expr **
);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Fts3ExprFree(Fts3Expr *);
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Fts3ExprInitTestInterface(sqlite3 *db);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Fts3InitTerm(sqlite3 *db);
#endif

................................................................................
*/
static void fts3GetReverseVarint(
  char **pp, 
  char *pStart, 
  sqlite3_int64 *pVal
){
  sqlite3_int64 iVal;
  char *p = *pp;

  /* Pointer p now points at the first byte past the varint we are 
  ** interested in. So, unless the doclist is corrupt, the 0x80 bit is
  ** clear on character p[-1]. */
  for(p = (*pp)-2; p>=pStart && *p&0x80; p--);
  p++;
  *pp = p;
................................................................................
  /* Free any prepared statements held */
  for(i=0; i<SizeofArray(p->aStmt); i++){
    sqlite3_finalize(p->aStmt[i]);
  }
  sqlite3_free(p->zSegmentsTbl);
  sqlite3_free(p->zReadExprlist);
  sqlite3_free(p->zWriteExprlist);


  /* Invoke the tokenizer destructor to free the tokenizer. */
  p->pTokenizer->pModule->xDestroy(p->pTokenizer);

  sqlite3_free(p);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
................................................................................
  }
}

/*
** The xDestroy() virtual table method.
*/
static int fts3DestroyMethod(sqlite3_vtab *pVtab){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;              /* Return code */
  Fts3Table *p = (Fts3Table *)pVtab;


  sqlite3 *db = p->db;

  /* Drop the shadow tables */

  fts3DbExec(&rc, db, "DROP TABLE IF EXISTS %Q.'%q_content'", p->zDb, p->zName);

  fts3DbExec(&rc, db, "DROP TABLE IF EXISTS %Q.'%q_segments'", p->zDb,p->zName);
  fts3DbExec(&rc, db, "DROP TABLE IF EXISTS %Q.'%q_segdir'", p->zDb, p->zName);
  fts3DbExec(&rc, db, "DROP TABLE IF EXISTS %Q.'%q_docsize'", p->zDb, p->zName);
  fts3DbExec(&rc, db, "DROP TABLE IF EXISTS %Q.'%q_stat'", p->zDb, p->zName);

  /* If everything has worked, invoke fts3DisconnectMethod() to free the
  ** memory associated with the Fts3Table structure and return SQLITE_OK.
  ** Otherwise, return an SQLite error code.
  */
  return (rc==SQLITE_OK ? fts3DisconnectMethod(pVtab) : rc);
}
................................................................................
** If the p->bHasDocsize boolean is true (indicating that this is an
** FTS4 table, not an FTS3 table) then also create the %_docsize and
** %_stat tables required by FTS4.
*/
static int fts3CreateTables(Fts3Table *p){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;             /* Return code */
  int i;                          /* Iterator variable */
  char *zContentCols;             /* Columns of %_content table */
  sqlite3 *db = p->db;            /* The database connection */




  /* Create a list of user columns for the content table */
  zContentCols = sqlite3_mprintf("docid INTEGER PRIMARY KEY");
  for(i=0; zContentCols && i<p->nColumn; i++){
    char *z = p->azColumn[i];
    zContentCols = sqlite3_mprintf("%z, 'c%d%q'", zContentCols, i, z);
  }
  if( zContentCols==0 ) rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;

  /* Create the content table */
  fts3DbExec(&rc, db, 
     "CREATE TABLE %Q.'%q_content'(%s)",
     p->zDb, p->zName, zContentCols
  );
  sqlite3_free(zContentCols);


  /* Create other tables */
  fts3DbExec(&rc, db, 
      "CREATE TABLE %Q.'%q_segments'(blockid INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, block BLOB);",
      p->zDb, p->zName
  );
  fts3DbExec(&rc, db, 
      "CREATE TABLE %Q.'%q_segdir'("
................................................................................
    *(z++) = '"';
    *(z++) = '\0';
  }
  return zRet;
}

/*
** Return a list of comma separated SQL expressions that could be used
** in a SELECT statement such as the following:
**
**     SELECT <list of expressions> FROM %_content AS x ...
**
** to return the docid, followed by each column of text data in order
** from left to write. If parameter zFunc is not NULL, then instead of
** being returned directly each column of text data is passed to an SQL
** function named zFunc first. For example, if zFunc is "unzip" and the
** table has the three user-defined columns "a", "b", and "c", the following
** string is returned:
**
**     "docid, unzip(x.'a'), unzip(x.'b'), unzip(x.'c')"
**
** The pointer returned points to a buffer allocated by sqlite3_malloc(). It
** is the responsibility of the caller to eventually free it.
**
** If *pRc is not SQLITE_OK when this function is called, it is a no-op (and
** a NULL pointer is returned). Otherwise, if an OOM error is encountered
** by this function, NULL is returned and *pRc is set to SQLITE_NOMEM. If
................................................................................
*/
static char *fts3ReadExprList(Fts3Table *p, const char *zFunc, int *pRc){
  char *zRet = 0;
  char *zFree = 0;
  char *zFunction;
  int i;


  if( !zFunc ){
    zFunction = "";
  }else{
    zFree = zFunction = fts3QuoteId(zFunc);
  }
  fts3Appendf(pRc, &zRet, "docid");
  for(i=0; i<p->nColumn; i++){
    fts3Appendf(pRc, &zRet, ",%s(x.'c%d%q')", zFunction, i, p->azColumn[i]);
  }
  sqlite3_free(zFree);











  return zRet;
}

/*
** Return a list of N comma separated question marks, where N is the number
** of columns in the %_content table (one for the docid plus one for each
** user-defined text column).
................................................................................
**
** If *pp does not being with a decimal digit SQLITE_ERROR is returned and
** the output value undefined. Otherwise SQLITE_OK is returned.
**
** This function is used when parsing the "prefix=" FTS4 parameter.
*/
static int fts3GobbleInt(const char **pp, int *pnOut){
  const char *p = *pp;            /* Iterator pointer */
  int nInt = 0;                   /* Output value */

  for(p=*pp; p[0]>='0' && p[0]<='9'; p++){
    nInt = nInt * 10 + (p[0] - '0');
  }
  if( p==*pp ) return SQLITE_ERROR;
  *pnOut = nInt;
................................................................................
      aIndex[i].nPrefix = nPrefix;
      p++;
    }
  }

  return SQLITE_OK;
}






















































































/*
** This function is the implementation of both the xConnect and xCreate
** methods of the FTS3 virtual table.
**
** The argv[] array contains the following:
**
................................................................................

  /* The results of parsing supported FTS4 key=value options: */
  int bNoDocsize = 0;             /* True to omit %_docsize table */
  int bDescIdx = 0;               /* True to store descending indexes */
  char *zPrefix = 0;              /* Prefix parameter value (or NULL) */
  char *zCompress = 0;            /* compress=? parameter (or NULL) */
  char *zUncompress = 0;          /* uncompress=? parameter (or NULL) */


  assert( strlen(argv[0])==4 );
  assert( (sqlite3_strnicmp(argv[0], "fts4", 4)==0 && isFts4)
       || (sqlite3_strnicmp(argv[0], "fts3", 4)==0 && !isFts4)
  );

  nDb = (int)strlen(argv[1]) + 1;
................................................................................
    }

    /* Check if it is an FTS4 special argument. */
    else if( isFts4 && fts3IsSpecialColumn(z, &nKey, &zVal) ){
      struct Fts4Option {
        const char *zOpt;
        int nOpt;
        char **pzVar;
      } aFts4Opt[] = {
        { "matchinfo",   9, 0 },            /* 0 -> MATCHINFO */
        { "prefix",      6, 0 },            /* 1 -> PREFIX */
        { "compress",    8, 0 },            /* 2 -> COMPRESS */
        { "uncompress", 10, 0 },            /* 3 -> UNCOMPRESS */
        { "order",       5, 0 }             /* 4 -> ORDER */
      };

      int iOpt;
      if( !zVal ){
        rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
      }else{
        for(iOpt=0; iOpt<SizeofArray(aFts4Opt); iOpt++){
................................................................................
              sqlite3_free(zUncompress);
              zUncompress = zVal;
              zVal = 0;
              break;

            case 4:               /* ORDER */
              if( (strlen(zVal)!=3 || sqlite3_strnicmp(zVal, "asc", 3)) 
               && (strlen(zVal)!=4 || sqlite3_strnicmp(zVal, "desc", 3)) 
              ){
                *pzErr = sqlite3_mprintf("unrecognized order: %s", zVal);
                rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
              }
              bDescIdx = (zVal[0]=='d' || zVal[0]=='D');
              break;







          }
        }
        sqlite3_free(zVal);
      }
    }

    /* Otherwise, the argument is a column name. */
    else {
      nString += (int)(strlen(z) + 1);
      aCol[nCol++] = z;
    }
  }




















  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto fts3_init_out;

  if( nCol==0 ){
    assert( nString==0 );
    aCol[0] = "content";
    nString = 8;
    nCol = 1;
................................................................................
  p->nPendingData = 0;
  p->azColumn = (char **)&p[1];
  p->pTokenizer = pTokenizer;
  p->nMaxPendingData = FTS3_MAX_PENDING_DATA;
  p->bHasDocsize = (isFts4 && bNoDocsize==0);
  p->bHasStat = isFts4;
  p->bDescIdx = bDescIdx;


  TESTONLY( p->inTransaction = -1 );
  TESTONLY( p->mxSavepoint = -1 );

  p->aIndex = (struct Fts3Index *)&p->azColumn[nCol];
  memcpy(p->aIndex, aIndex, sizeof(struct Fts3Index) * nIndex);
  p->nIndex = nIndex;
  for(i=0; i<nIndex; i++){
................................................................................
  fts3DeclareVtab(&rc, p);

fts3_init_out:
  sqlite3_free(zPrefix);
  sqlite3_free(aIndex);
  sqlite3_free(zCompress);
  sqlite3_free(zUncompress);

  sqlite3_free((void *)aCol);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    if( p ){
      fts3DisconnectMethod((sqlite3_vtab *)p);
    }else if( pTokenizer ){
      pTokenizer->pModule->xDestroy(pTokenizer);
    }
................................................................................
  sqlite3Fts3FreeDeferredTokens(pCsr);
  sqlite3_free(pCsr->aDoclist);
  sqlite3_free(pCsr->aMatchinfo);
  assert( ((Fts3Table *)pCsr->base.pVtab)->pSegments==0 );
  sqlite3_free(pCsr);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}


























/*
** Position the pCsr->pStmt statement so that it is on the row
** of the %_content table that contains the last match.  Return
** SQLITE_OK on success.  
*/
static int fts3CursorSeek(sqlite3_context *pContext, Fts3Cursor *pCsr){

  if( pCsr->isRequireSeek ){




    sqlite3_bind_int64(pCsr->pStmt, 1, pCsr->iPrevId);
    pCsr->isRequireSeek = 0;
    if( SQLITE_ROW==sqlite3_step(pCsr->pStmt) ){
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }else{
      int rc = sqlite3_reset(pCsr->pStmt);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        /* If no row was found and no error has occured, then the %_content
        ** table is missing a row that is present in the full-text index.
        ** The data structures are corrupt.
        */
        rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_VTAB;
      }
      pCsr->isEof = 1;





      if( pContext ){
        sqlite3_result_error_code(pContext, rc);
      }
      return rc;
    }
  }else{
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
}

/*
** This function is used to process a single interior node when searching
** a b-tree for a term or term prefix. The node data is passed to this 
** function via the zNode/nNode parameters. The term to search for is
** passed in zTerm/nTerm.
................................................................................
  ** contents, or two zero bytes. Or, if the node is read from the %_segments
  ** table, then there are always 20 bytes of zeroed padding following the
  ** nNode bytes of content (see sqlite3Fts3ReadBlock() for details).
  */
  zCsr += sqlite3Fts3GetVarint(zCsr, &iChild);
  zCsr += sqlite3Fts3GetVarint(zCsr, &iChild);
  if( zCsr>zEnd ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_VTAB;
  }
  
  while( zCsr<zEnd && (piFirst || piLast) ){
    int cmp;                      /* memcmp() result */
    int nSuffix;                  /* Size of term suffix */
    int nPrefix = 0;              /* Size of term prefix */
    int nBuffer;                  /* Total term size */
................................................................................
    if( !isFirstTerm ){
      zCsr += sqlite3Fts3GetVarint32(zCsr, &nPrefix);
    }
    isFirstTerm = 0;
    zCsr += sqlite3Fts3GetVarint32(zCsr, &nSuffix);
    
    if( nPrefix<0 || nSuffix<0 || &zCsr[nSuffix]>zEnd ){
      rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_VTAB;
      goto finish_scan;
    }
    if( nPrefix+nSuffix>nAlloc ){
      char *zNew;
      nAlloc = (nPrefix+nSuffix) * 2;
      zNew = (char *)sqlite3_realloc(zBuffer, nAlloc);
      if( !zNew ){
        rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
        goto finish_scan;
      }
      zBuffer = zNew;
    }

    memcpy(&zBuffer[nPrefix], zCsr, nSuffix);
    nBuffer = nPrefix + nSuffix;
    zCsr += nSuffix;

    /* Compare the term we are searching for with the term just loaded from
    ** the interior node. If the specified term is greater than or equal
    ** to the term from the interior node, then all terms on the sub-tree 
................................................................................
  char **pp,                      /* IN/OUT: Preallocated output buffer */
  int nToken,                     /* Maximum difference in token positions */
  int isSaveLeft,                 /* Save the left position */
  int isExact,                    /* If *pp1 is exactly nTokens before *pp2 */
  char **pp1,                     /* IN/OUT: Left input list */
  char **pp2                      /* IN/OUT: Right input list */
){
  char *p = (pp ? *pp : 0);
  char *p1 = *pp1;
  char *p2 = *pp2;
  int iCol1 = 0;
  int iCol2 = 0;

  /* Never set both isSaveLeft and isExact for the same invocation. */
  assert( isSaveLeft==0 || isExact==0 );

  assert( *p1!=0 && *p2!=0 );
  if( *p1==POS_COLUMN ){ 
    p1++;
    p1 += sqlite3Fts3GetVarint32(p1, &iCol1);
  }
  if( *p2==POS_COLUMN ){ 
    p2++;
    p2 += sqlite3Fts3GetVarint32(p2, &iCol2);
................................................................................
  while( 1 ){
    if( iCol1==iCol2 ){
      char *pSave = p;
      sqlite3_int64 iPrev = 0;
      sqlite3_int64 iPos1 = 0;
      sqlite3_int64 iPos2 = 0;

      if( pp && iCol1 ){
        *p++ = POS_COLUMN;
        p += sqlite3Fts3PutVarint(p, iCol1);
      }

      assert( *p1!=POS_END && *p1!=POS_COLUMN );
      assert( *p2!=POS_END && *p2!=POS_COLUMN );
      fts3GetDeltaVarint(&p1, &iPos1); iPos1 -= 2;
................................................................................
      fts3GetDeltaVarint(&p2, &iPos2); iPos2 -= 2;

      while( 1 ){
        if( iPos2==iPos1+nToken 
         || (isExact==0 && iPos2>iPos1 && iPos2<=iPos1+nToken) 
        ){
          sqlite3_int64 iSave;
          if( !pp ){
            fts3PoslistCopy(0, &p2);
            fts3PoslistCopy(0, &p1);
            *pp1 = p1;
            *pp2 = p2;
            return 1;
          }
          iSave = isSaveLeft ? iPos1 : iPos2;
          fts3PutDeltaVarint(&p, &iPrev, iSave+2); iPrev -= 2;
          pSave = 0;

        }
        if( (!isSaveLeft && iPos2<=(iPos1+nToken)) || iPos2<=iPos1 ){
          if( (*p2&0xFE)==0 ) break;
          fts3GetDeltaVarint(&p2, &iPos2); iPos2 -= 2;
        }else{
          if( (*p1&0xFE)==0 ) break;
          fts3GetDeltaVarint(&p1, &iPos1); iPos1 -= 2;
................................................................................
    }
  }

  fts3PoslistCopy(0, &p2);
  fts3PoslistCopy(0, &p1);
  *pp1 = p1;
  *pp2 = p2;
  if( !pp || *pp==p ){
    return 0;
  }
  *p++ = 0x00;
  *pp = p;
  return 1;
}

................................................................................
      fts3PoslistCopy(0, &p2);
      fts3GetDeltaVarint3(&p2, pEnd2, bDescDoclist, &i2);
    }
  }

  *pnRight = p - aOut;
}




















































/*
** Merge all doclists in the TermSelect.aaOutput[] array into a single
** doclist stored in TermSelect.aaOutput[0]. If successful, delete all
** other doclists (except the aaOutput[0] one) and return SQLITE_OK.
**
................................................................................
  Fts3SegFilter filter;           /* Segment term filter configuration */

  pSegcsr = pTok->pSegcsr;
  memset(&tsc, 0, sizeof(TermSelect));

  filter.flags = FTS3_SEGMENT_IGNORE_EMPTY | FTS3_SEGMENT_REQUIRE_POS
        | (pTok->isPrefix ? FTS3_SEGMENT_PREFIX : 0)

        | (iColumn<p->nColumn ? FTS3_SEGMENT_COLUMN_FILTER : 0);
  filter.iCol = iColumn;
  filter.zTerm = pTok->z;
  filter.nTerm = pTok->n;

  rc = sqlite3Fts3SegReaderStart(p, pSegcsr, &filter);
  while( SQLITE_OK==rc
................................................................................
    int iCol = idxNum-FTS3_FULLTEXT_SEARCH;
    const char *zQuery = (const char *)sqlite3_value_text(apVal[0]);

    if( zQuery==0 && sqlite3_value_type(apVal[0])!=SQLITE_NULL ){
      return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }

    rc = sqlite3Fts3ExprParse(p->pTokenizer, p->azColumn, p->nColumn, 
        iCol, zQuery, -1, &pCsr->pExpr
    );
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      if( rc==SQLITE_ERROR ){
        static const char *zErr = "malformed MATCH expression: [%s]";
        p->base.zErrMsg = sqlite3_mprintf(zErr, zQuery);
      }
      return rc;
................................................................................

  /* Compile a SELECT statement for this cursor. For a full-table-scan, the
  ** statement loops through all rows of the %_content table. For a
  ** full-text query or docid lookup, the statement retrieves a single
  ** row by docid.
  */
  if( idxNum==FTS3_FULLSCAN_SEARCH ){


    const char *zSort = (pCsr->bDesc ? "DESC" : "ASC");
    const char *zTmpl = "SELECT %s FROM %Q.'%q_content' AS x ORDER BY docid %s";
    zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(zTmpl, p->zReadExprlist, p->zDb, p->zName, zSort);
  }else{

    const char *zTmpl = "SELECT %s FROM %Q.'%q_content' AS x WHERE docid = ?";
    zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(zTmpl, p->zReadExprlist, p->zDb, p->zName);
  }
  if( !zSql ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(p->db, zSql, -1, &pCsr->pStmt, 0);
  sqlite3_free(zSql);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;



  if( idxNum==FTS3_DOCID_SEARCH ){


    rc = sqlite3_bind_value(pCsr->pStmt, 1, apVal[0]);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
  }



  return fts3NextMethod(pCursor);
}

/* 
** This is the xEof method of the virtual table. SQLite calls this 
** routine to find out if it has reached the end of a result set.
*/
................................................................................
  }else if( iCol==p->nColumn ){
    /* The extra column whose name is the same as the table.
    ** Return a blob which is a pointer to the cursor.
    */
    sqlite3_result_blob(pContext, &pCsr, sizeof(pCsr), SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
  }else{
    rc = fts3CursorSeek(0, pCsr);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      sqlite3_result_value(pContext, sqlite3_column_value(pCsr->pStmt, iCol+1));
    }
  }

  assert( ((Fts3Table *)pCsr->base.pVtab)->pSegments==0 );
  return rc;
}
................................................................................
** When called, *ppPoslist must point to the byte immediately following the
** end of a position-list. i.e. ( (*ppPoslist)[-1]==POS_END ). This function
** moves *ppPoslist so that it instead points to the first byte of the
** same position list.
*/
static void fts3ReversePoslist(char *pStart, char **ppPoslist){
  char *p = &(*ppPoslist)[-2];
  char c;

  while( p>pStart && (c=*p--)==0 );
  while( p>pStart && (*p & 0x80) | c ){ 
    c = *p--; 
  }
  if( p>pStart ){ p = &p[2]; }
  while( *p++&0x80 );
................................................................................
  sqlite3_vtab *pVtab,            /* Virtual table handle */
  const char *zName               /* New name of table */
){
  Fts3Table *p = (Fts3Table *)pVtab;
  sqlite3 *db = p->db;            /* Database connection */
  int rc;                         /* Return Code */








  rc = sqlite3Fts3PendingTermsFlush(p);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    return rc;
  }


  fts3DbExec(&rc, db,
    "ALTER TABLE %Q.'%q_content'  RENAME TO '%q_content';",
    p->zDb, p->zName, zName
  );


  if( p->bHasDocsize ){
    fts3DbExec(&rc, db,
      "ALTER TABLE %Q.'%q_docsize'  RENAME TO '%q_docsize';",
      p->zDb, p->zName, zName
    );
  }
  if( p->bHasStat ){
................................................................................
** means that the phrase does not appear in the current row, doclist.pList
** and doclist.nList are both zeroed.
**
** SQLITE_OK is returned if no error occurs, otherwise an SQLite error code.
*/
static int fts3EvalDeferredPhrase(Fts3Cursor *pCsr, Fts3Phrase *pPhrase){
  int iToken;                     /* Used to iterate through phrase tokens */
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;             /* Return code */
  char *aPoslist = 0;             /* Position list for deferred tokens */
  int nPoslist = 0;               /* Number of bytes in aPoslist */
  int iPrev = -1;                 /* Token number of previous deferred token */

  assert( pPhrase->doclist.bFreeList==0 );

  for(iToken=0; rc==SQLITE_OK && iToken<pPhrase->nToken; iToken++){
    Fts3PhraseToken *pToken = &pPhrase->aToken[iToken];
    Fts3DeferredToken *pDeferred = pToken->pDeferred;

    if( pDeferred ){
      char *pList;
      int nList;
      rc = sqlite3Fts3DeferredTokenList(pDeferred, &pList, &nList);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

      if( pList==0 ){
        sqlite3_free(aPoslist);
        pPhrase->doclist.pList = 0;
        pPhrase->doclist.nList = 0;
        return SQLITE_OK;
................................................................................
  Fts3Table *pTab = (Fts3Table *)pCsr->base.pVtab;

  if( pCsr->bDesc==pTab->bDescIdx 
   && bOptOk==1 
   && p->nToken==1 
   && pFirst->pSegcsr 
   && pFirst->pSegcsr->bLookup 

  ){
    /* Use the incremental approach. */
    int iCol = (p->iColumn >= pTab->nColumn ? -1 : p->iColumn);
    rc = sqlite3Fts3MsrIncrStart(
        pTab, pFirst->pSegcsr, iCol, pFirst->z, pFirst->n);
    p->bIncr = 1;

................................................................................
  Fts3Cursor *pCsr,               /* FTS Cursor handle */
  Fts3Expr *pRoot,                /* Root of current AND/NEAR cluster */
  Fts3Expr *pExpr,                /* Expression to consider */
  Fts3TokenAndCost **ppTC,        /* Write new entries to *(*ppTC)++ */
  Fts3Expr ***ppOr,               /* Write new OR root to *(*ppOr)++ */
  int *pRc                        /* IN/OUT: Error code */
){
  if( *pRc==SQLITE_OK && pExpr ){
    if( pExpr->eType==FTSQUERY_PHRASE ){
      Fts3Phrase *pPhrase = pExpr->pPhrase;
      int i;
      for(i=0; *pRc==SQLITE_OK && i<pPhrase->nToken; i++){
        Fts3TokenAndCost *pTC = (*ppTC)++;
        pTC->pPhrase = pPhrase;
        pTC->iToken = i;
        pTC->pRoot = pRoot;
        pTC->pToken = &pPhrase->aToken[i];
        pTC->iCol = pPhrase->iColumn;
        *pRc = sqlite3Fts3MsrOvfl(pCsr, pTC->pToken->pSegcsr, &pTC->nOvfl);
      }
    }else if( pExpr->eType!=FTSQUERY_NOT ){





      if( pExpr->eType==FTSQUERY_OR ){
        pRoot = pExpr->pLeft;
        **ppOr = pRoot;
        (*ppOr)++;
      }
      fts3EvalTokenCosts(pCsr, pRoot, pExpr->pLeft, ppTC, ppOr, pRc);
      if( pExpr->eType==FTSQUERY_OR ){
................................................................................
    pEnd = &a[sqlite3_column_bytes(pStmt, 0)];
    a += sqlite3Fts3GetVarint(a, &nDoc);
    while( a<pEnd ){
      a += sqlite3Fts3GetVarint(a, &nByte);
    }
    if( nDoc==0 || nByte==0 ){
      sqlite3_reset(pStmt);
      return SQLITE_CORRUPT_VTAB;
    }

    pCsr->nDoc = nDoc;
    pCsr->nRowAvg = (int)(((nByte / nDoc) + p->nPgsz) / p->nPgsz);
    assert( pCsr->nRowAvg>0 ); 
    rc = sqlite3_reset(pStmt);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
................................................................................
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;             /* Return code */
  int ii;                         /* Iterator variable for various purposes */
  int nOvfl = 0;                  /* Total overflow pages used by doclists */
  int nToken = 0;                 /* Total number of tokens in cluster */

  int nMinEst = 0;                /* The minimum count for any phrase so far. */
  int nLoad4 = 1;                 /* (Phrases that will be loaded)^4. */










  /* Count the tokens in this AND/NEAR cluster. If none of the doclists
  ** associated with the tokens spill onto overflow pages, or if there is
  ** only 1 token, exit early. No tokens to defer in this case. */
  for(ii=0; ii<nTC; ii++){
    if( aTC[ii].pRoot==pRoot ){
      nOvfl += aTC[ii].nOvfl;
................................................................................
      ** that will be loaded if all subsequent tokens are deferred.
      */
      Fts3PhraseToken *pToken = pTC->pToken;
      rc = sqlite3Fts3DeferToken(pCsr, pToken, pTC->iCol);
      fts3SegReaderCursorFree(pToken->pSegcsr);
      pToken->pSegcsr = 0;
    }else{



      nLoad4 = nLoad4*4;

      if( ii==0 || pTC->pPhrase->nToken>1 ){
        /* Either this is the cheapest token in the entire query, or it is
        ** part of a multi-token phrase. Either way, the entire doclist will
        ** (eventually) be loaded into memory. It may as well be now. */
        Fts3PhraseToken *pToken = pTC->pToken;
        int nList = 0;
        char *pList = 0;
................................................................................
        int nNear = p->nNear;
        res = fts3EvalNearTrim(nNear, aTmp, &aPoslist, &nToken, pPhrase);
      }
  
      aPoslist = pExpr->pRight->pPhrase->doclist.pList;
      nToken = pExpr->pRight->pPhrase->nToken;
      for(p=pExpr->pLeft; p && res; p=p->pLeft){



        int nNear = p->pParent->nNear;
        Fts3Phrase *pPhrase = (
            p->eType==FTSQUERY_NEAR ? p->pRight->pPhrase : p->pPhrase
        );
        res = fts3EvalNearTrim(nNear, aTmp, &aPoslist, &nToken, pPhrase);
      }
    }

    sqlite3_free(aTmp);
................................................................................
    for(i=0; i<pPhrase->nToken; i++){
      fts3SegReaderCursorFree(pPhrase->aToken[i].pSegcsr);
      pPhrase->aToken[i].pSegcsr = 0;
    }
  }
}










#if !SQLITE_CORE
/*
** Initialize API pointer table, if required.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_extension_init(
  sqlite3 *db, 
  char **pzErrMsg,
................................................................................
**   FTS3 query "sqlite -mysql". Otherwise, ParseContext.isNot is set to
**   zero.
*/
typedef struct ParseContext ParseContext;
struct ParseContext {
  sqlite3_tokenizer *pTokenizer;      /* Tokenizer module */
  const char **azCol;                 /* Array of column names for fts3 table */

  int nCol;                           /* Number of entries in azCol[] */
  int iDefaultCol;                    /* Default column to query */
  int isNot;                          /* True if getNextNode() sees a unary - */
  sqlite3_context *pCtx;              /* Write error message here */
  int nNest;                          /* Number of nested brackets */
};

................................................................................
        pRet->pPhrase->aToken[0].z = (char *)&pRet->pPhrase[1];
        memcpy(pRet->pPhrase->aToken[0].z, zToken, nToken);

        if( iEnd<n && z[iEnd]=='*' ){
          pRet->pPhrase->aToken[0].isPrefix = 1;
          iEnd++;
        }


        if( !sqlite3_fts3_enable_parentheses && iStart>0 && z[iStart-1]=='-' ){


          pParse->isNot = 1;






        }


      }
      nConsumed = iEnd;
    }

    pModule->xClose(pCursor);
  }
  
................................................................................
        memset(pToken, 0, sizeof(Fts3PhraseToken));

        memcpy(&zTemp[nTemp], zByte, nByte);
        nTemp += nByte;

        pToken->n = nByte;
        pToken->isPrefix = (iEnd<nInput && zInput[iEnd]=='*');

        nToken = ii+1;
      }
    }

    pModule->xClose(pCursor);
    pCursor = 0;
  }
................................................................................
    memset(p, 0, (char *)&(((Fts3Phrase *)&p[1])->aToken[0])-(char *)p);
    p->eType = FTSQUERY_PHRASE;
    p->pPhrase = (Fts3Phrase *)&p[1];
    p->pPhrase->iColumn = pParse->iDefaultCol;
    p->pPhrase->nToken = nToken;

    zBuf = (char *)&p->pPhrase->aToken[nToken];

    memcpy(zBuf, zTemp, nTemp);
    sqlite3_free(zTemp);




    for(jj=0; jj<p->pPhrase->nToken; jj++){
      p->pPhrase->aToken[jj].z = zBuf;
      zBuf += p->pPhrase->aToken[jj].n;
    }
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
  }
................................................................................
** column to match against for tokens for which a column name is not explicitly
** specified as part of the query string), or -1 if tokens may by default
** match any table column.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Fts3ExprParse(
  sqlite3_tokenizer *pTokenizer,      /* Tokenizer module */
  char **azCol,                       /* Array of column names for fts3 table */

  int nCol,                           /* Number of entries in azCol[] */
  int iDefaultCol,                    /* Default column to query */
  const char *z, int n,               /* Text of MATCH query */
  Fts3Expr **ppExpr                   /* OUT: Parsed query structure */
){
  int nParsed;
  int rc;
  ParseContext sParse;
  sParse.pTokenizer = pTokenizer;
  sParse.azCol = (const char **)azCol;
  sParse.nCol = nCol;
  sParse.iDefaultCol = iDefaultCol;
  sParse.nNest = 0;

  if( z==0 ){
    *ppExpr = 0;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  if( n<0 ){
    n = (int)strlen(z);
  }
................................................................................
    goto exprtest_out;
  }
  for(ii=0; ii<nCol; ii++){
    azCol[ii] = (char *)sqlite3_value_text(argv[ii+2]);
  }

  rc = sqlite3Fts3ExprParse(
      pTokenizer, azCol, nCol, nCol, zExpr, nExpr, &pExpr
  );
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK && rc!=SQLITE_NOMEM ){
    sqlite3_result_error(context, "Error parsing expression", -1);
  }else if( rc==SQLITE_NOMEM || !(zBuf = exprToString(pExpr, 0)) ){
    sqlite3_result_error_nomem(context);
  }else{
    sqlite3_result_text(context, zBuf, -1, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
................................................................................
/* 0  */  "DELETE FROM %Q.'%q_content' WHERE rowid = ?",
/* 1  */  "SELECT NOT EXISTS(SELECT docid FROM %Q.'%q_content' WHERE rowid!=?)",
/* 2  */  "DELETE FROM %Q.'%q_content'",
/* 3  */  "DELETE FROM %Q.'%q_segments'",
/* 4  */  "DELETE FROM %Q.'%q_segdir'",
/* 5  */  "DELETE FROM %Q.'%q_docsize'",
/* 6  */  "DELETE FROM %Q.'%q_stat'",
/* 7  */  "SELECT %s FROM %Q.'%q_content' AS x WHERE rowid=?",
/* 8  */  "SELECT (SELECT max(idx) FROM %Q.'%q_segdir' WHERE level = ?) + 1",
/* 9  */  "INSERT INTO %Q.'%q_segments'(blockid, block) VALUES(?, ?)",
/* 10 */  "SELECT coalesce((SELECT max(blockid) FROM %Q.'%q_segments') + 1, 1)",
/* 11 */  "INSERT INTO %Q.'%q_segdir' VALUES(?,?,?,?,?,?)",

          /* Return segments in order from oldest to newest.*/ 
/* 12 */  "SELECT idx, start_block, leaves_end_block, end_block, root "
................................................................................
  
  pStmt = p->aStmt[eStmt];
  if( !pStmt ){
    char *zSql;
    if( eStmt==SQL_CONTENT_INSERT ){
      zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(azSql[eStmt], p->zDb, p->zName, p->zWriteExprlist);
    }else if( eStmt==SQL_SELECT_CONTENT_BY_ROWID ){
      zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(azSql[eStmt], p->zReadExprlist, p->zDb, p->zName);
    }else{
      zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(azSql[eStmt], p->zDb, p->zName);
    }
    if( !zSql ){
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }else{
      rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(p->db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, NULL);
................................................................................
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( eStmt==SQL_SELECT_DOCSIZE ){
      sqlite3_bind_int64(pStmt, 1, iDocid);
    }
    rc = sqlite3_step(pStmt);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_ROW || sqlite3_column_type(pStmt, 0)!=SQLITE_BLOB ){
      rc = sqlite3_reset(pStmt);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ) rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_VTAB;
      pStmt = 0;
    }else{
      rc = SQLITE_OK;
    }
  }

  *ppStmt = pStmt;
................................................................................
** write-locks on the %_segments and %_segdir ** tables). 
**
** We try to avoid this because if FTS3 returns any error when committing
** a transaction, the whole transaction will be rolled back. And this is
** not what users expect when they get SQLITE_LOCKED_SHAREDCACHE. It can
** still happen if the user reads data directly from the %_segments or
** %_segdir tables instead of going through FTS3 though.


*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Fts3ReadLock(Fts3Table *p){
  int rc;                         /* Return code */
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt;            /* Statement used to obtain lock */


  rc = fts3SqlStmt(p, SQL_SELECT_CONTENT_BY_ROWID, &pStmt, 0);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3_bind_null(pStmt, 1);
    sqlite3_step(pStmt);
    rc = sqlite3_reset(pStmt);
  }




  return rc;
}

/*
** Set *ppStmt to a statement handle that may be used to iterate through
** all rows in the %_segdir table, from oldest to newest. If successful,
** return SQLITE_OK. If an error occurs while preparing the statement, 
................................................................................
static int fts3InsertData(
  Fts3Table *p,                   /* Full-text table */
  sqlite3_value **apVal,          /* Array of values to insert */
  sqlite3_int64 *piDocid          /* OUT: Docid for row just inserted */
){
  int rc;                         /* Return code */
  sqlite3_stmt *pContentInsert;   /* INSERT INTO %_content VALUES(...) */













  /* Locate the statement handle used to insert data into the %_content
  ** table. The SQL for this statement is:
  **
  **   INSERT INTO %_content VALUES(?, ?, ?, ...)
  **
  ** The statement features N '?' variables, where N is the number of user
................................................................................



/*
** Remove all data from the FTS3 table. Clear the hash table containing
** pending terms.
*/
static int fts3DeleteAll(Fts3Table *p){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;             /* Return code */

  /* Discard the contents of the pending-terms hash table. */
  sqlite3Fts3PendingTermsClear(p);

  /* Delete everything from the %_content, %_segments and %_segdir tables. */


  fts3SqlExec(&rc, p, SQL_DELETE_ALL_CONTENT, 0);
  fts3SqlExec(&rc, p, SQL_DELETE_ALL_SEGMENTS, 0);
  fts3SqlExec(&rc, p, SQL_DELETE_ALL_SEGDIR, 0);
  if( p->bHasDocsize ){
    fts3SqlExec(&rc, p, SQL_DELETE_ALL_DOCSIZE, 0);
  }
  if( p->bHasStat ){
    fts3SqlExec(&rc, p, SQL_DELETE_ALL_STAT, 0);
................................................................................
  /* Because of the FTS3_NODE_PADDING bytes of padding, the following is 
  ** safe (no risk of overread) even if the node data is corrupted. */
  pNext += sqlite3Fts3GetVarint32(pNext, &nPrefix);
  pNext += sqlite3Fts3GetVarint32(pNext, &nSuffix);
  if( nPrefix<0 || nSuffix<=0 
   || &pNext[nSuffix]>&pReader->aNode[pReader->nNode] 
  ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_VTAB;
  }

  if( nPrefix+nSuffix>pReader->nTermAlloc ){
    int nNew = (nPrefix+nSuffix)*2;
    char *zNew = sqlite3_realloc(pReader->zTerm, nNew);
    if( !zNew ){
      return SQLITE_NOMEM;
................................................................................
  /* Check that the doclist does not appear to extend past the end of the
  ** b-tree node. And that the final byte of the doclist is 0x00. If either 
  ** of these statements is untrue, then the data structure is corrupt.
  */
  if( &pReader->aDoclist[pReader->nDoclist]>&pReader->aNode[pReader->nNode] 
   || (pReader->nPopulate==0 && pReader->aDoclist[pReader->nDoclist-1])
  ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_VTAB;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Set the SegReader to point to the first docid in the doclist associated
** with the current term.
................................................................................
** If successful, *pisEmpty is set to true if the table is empty except for
** document pRowid, or false otherwise, and SQLITE_OK is returned. If an
** error occurs, an SQLite error code is returned.
*/
static int fts3IsEmpty(Fts3Table *p, sqlite3_value *pRowid, int *pisEmpty){
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt;
  int rc;





  rc = fts3SqlStmt(p, SQL_IS_EMPTY, &pStmt, &pRowid);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( SQLITE_ROW==sqlite3_step(pStmt) ){
      *pisEmpty = sqlite3_column_int(pStmt, 0);
    }
    rc = sqlite3_reset(pStmt);

  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Set *pnMax to the largest segment level in the database for the index
** iIndex.
................................................................................
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  int isIgnoreEmpty =  (pCsr->pFilter->flags & FTS3_SEGMENT_IGNORE_EMPTY);
  int isRequirePos =   (pCsr->pFilter->flags & FTS3_SEGMENT_REQUIRE_POS);
  int isColFilter =    (pCsr->pFilter->flags & FTS3_SEGMENT_COLUMN_FILTER);
  int isPrefix =       (pCsr->pFilter->flags & FTS3_SEGMENT_PREFIX);
  int isScan =         (pCsr->pFilter->flags & FTS3_SEGMENT_SCAN);


  Fts3SegReader **apSegment = pCsr->apSegment;
  int nSegment = pCsr->nSegment;
  Fts3SegFilter *pFilter = pCsr->pFilter;
  int (*xCmp)(Fts3SegReader *, Fts3SegReader *) = (
    p->bDescIdx ? fts3SegReaderDoclistCmpRev : fts3SegReaderDoclistCmp
  );
................................................................................
    ){
      nMerge++;
    }

    assert( isIgnoreEmpty || (isRequirePos && !isColFilter) );
    if( nMerge==1 
     && !isIgnoreEmpty 

     && (p->bDescIdx==0 || fts3SegReaderIsPending(apSegment[0])==0)
    ){
      pCsr->nDoclist = apSegment[0]->nDoclist;
      if( fts3SegReaderIsPending(apSegment[0]) ){
        rc = fts3MsrBufferData(pCsr, apSegment[0]->aDoclist, pCsr->nDoclist);
        pCsr->aDoclist = pCsr->aBuffer;
      }else{
................................................................................
            pCsr->nBuffer = (nDoclist+nByte)*2;
            aNew = sqlite3_realloc(pCsr->aBuffer, pCsr->nBuffer);
            if( !aNew ){
              return SQLITE_NOMEM;
            }
            pCsr->aBuffer = aNew;
          }











          nDoclist += sqlite3Fts3PutVarint(&pCsr->aBuffer[nDoclist], iDelta);
          iPrev = iDocid;
          if( isRequirePos ){
            memcpy(&pCsr->aBuffer[nDoclist], pList, nList);
            nDoclist += nList;
            pCsr->aBuffer[nDoclist++] = '\0';

          }
        }

        fts3SegReaderSort(apSegment, nMerge, j, xCmp);
      }
      if( nDoclist>0 ){
        pCsr->aDoclist = pCsr->aBuffer;
................................................................................

/*
** Insert the sizes (in tokens) for each column of the document
** with docid equal to p->iPrevDocid.  The sizes are encoded as
** a blob of varints.
*/
static void fts3InsertDocsize(
  int *pRC,         /* Result code */
  Fts3Table *p,     /* Table into which to insert */
  u32 *aSz          /* Sizes of each column */
){
  char *pBlob;             /* The BLOB encoding of the document size */
  int nBlob;               /* Number of bytes in the BLOB */
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt;     /* Statement used to insert the encoding */
  int rc;                  /* Result code from subfunctions */

  if( *pRC ) return;
................................................................................
    }
  }
  sqlite3Fts3SegmentsClose(p);
  sqlite3Fts3PendingTermsClear(p);

  return (rc==SQLITE_OK && bReturnDone && bSeenDone) ? SQLITE_DONE : rc;
}

















































































/*
** Handle a 'special' INSERT of the form:
**
**   "INSERT INTO tbl(tbl) VALUES(<expr>)"
**
** Argument pVal contains the result of <expr>. Currently the only 
................................................................................
  const char *zVal = (const char *)sqlite3_value_text(pVal);
  int nVal = sqlite3_value_bytes(pVal);

  if( !zVal ){
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }else if( nVal==8 && 0==sqlite3_strnicmp(zVal, "optimize", 8) ){
    rc = fts3DoOptimize(p, 0);


#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
  }else if( nVal>9 && 0==sqlite3_strnicmp(zVal, "nodesize=", 9) ){
    p->nNodeSize = atoi(&zVal[9]);
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
  }else if( nVal>11 && 0==sqlite3_strnicmp(zVal, "maxpending=", 9) ){
    p->nMaxPendingData = atoi(&zVal[11]);
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
................................................................................
        int iPos;                 /* Position of token in zText */
  
        pTC->pTokenizer = pT;
        rc = pModule->xNext(pTC, &zToken, &nToken, &iDum1, &iDum2, &iPos);
        for(pDef=pCsr->pDeferred; pDef && rc==SQLITE_OK; pDef=pDef->pNext){
          Fts3PhraseToken *pPT = pDef->pToken;
          if( (pDef->iCol>=p->nColumn || pDef->iCol==i)

           && (pPT->n==nToken || (pPT->isPrefix && pPT->n<nToken))
           && (0==memcmp(zToken, pPT->z, pPT->n))
          ){
            fts3PendingListAppend(&pDef->pList, iDocid, i, iPos, &rc);
          }
        }
      }
................................................................................
  int isEmpty = 0;
  int rc = fts3IsEmpty(p, pRowid, &isEmpty);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( isEmpty ){
      /* Deleting this row means the whole table is empty. In this case
      ** delete the contents of all three tables and throw away any
      ** data in the pendingTerms hash table.  */
      rc = fts3DeleteAll(p);
      *pnDoc = *pnDoc - 1;
    }else{
      sqlite3_int64 iRemove = sqlite3_value_int64(pRowid);
      rc = fts3PendingTermsDocid(p, iRemove);
      fts3DeleteTerms(&rc, p, pRowid, aSzDel);

      fts3SqlExec(&rc, p, SQL_DELETE_CONTENT, &pRowid);
      if( sqlite3_changes(p->db) ) *pnDoc = *pnDoc - 1;



      if( p->bHasDocsize ){
        fts3SqlExec(&rc, p, SQL_DELETE_DOCSIZE, &pRowid);
      }
    }
  }

  return rc;
................................................................................
  int nArg,                       /* Size of argument array */
  sqlite3_value **apVal,          /* Array of arguments */
  sqlite_int64 *pRowid            /* OUT: The affected (or effected) rowid */
){
  Fts3Table *p = (Fts3Table *)pVtab;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;             /* Return Code */
  int isRemove = 0;               /* True for an UPDATE or DELETE */
  sqlite3_int64 iRemove = 0;      /* Rowid removed by UPDATE or DELETE */
  u32 *aSzIns = 0;                /* Sizes of inserted documents */
  u32 *aSzDel;                    /* Sizes of deleted documents */
  int nChng = 0;                  /* Net change in number of documents */
  int bInsertDone = 0;

  assert( p->pSegments==0 );

................................................................................
  **
  ** If the on-conflict mode is REPLACE, this means that the existing row
  ** should be deleted from the database before inserting the new row. Or,
  ** if the on-conflict mode is other than REPLACE, then this method must
  ** detect the conflict and return SQLITE_CONSTRAINT before beginning to
  ** modify the database file.
  */
  if( nArg>1 ){
    /* Find the value object that holds the new rowid value. */
    sqlite3_value *pNewRowid = apVal[3+p->nColumn];
    if( sqlite3_value_type(pNewRowid)==SQLITE_NULL ){
      pNewRowid = apVal[1];
    }

    if( sqlite3_value_type(pNewRowid)!=SQLITE_NULL && ( 
................................................................................
  }

  /* If this is a DELETE or UPDATE operation, remove the old record. */
  if( sqlite3_value_type(apVal[0])!=SQLITE_NULL ){
    assert( sqlite3_value_type(apVal[0])==SQLITE_INTEGER );
    rc = fts3DeleteByRowid(p, apVal[0], &nChng, aSzDel);
    isRemove = 1;
    iRemove = sqlite3_value_int64(apVal[0]);
  }
  
  /* If this is an INSERT or UPDATE operation, insert the new record. */
  if( nArg>1 && rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( bInsertDone==0 ){
      rc = fts3InsertData(p, apVal, pRowid);
      if( rc==SQLITE_CONSTRAINT ) rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_VTAB;

    }

    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && (!isRemove || *pRowid!=iRemove) ){
      rc = fts3PendingTermsDocid(p, *pRowid);
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){

      rc = fts3InsertTerms(p, apVal, aSzIns);
    }
    if( p->bHasDocsize ){
      fts3InsertDocsize(&rc, p, aSzIns);
    }
    nChng++;
  }
................................................................................
  pPhrase->nToken = pExpr->pPhrase->nToken;

  pCsr = sqlite3Fts3EvalPhrasePoslist(p->pCsr, pExpr, p->iCol);
  if( pCsr ){
    int iFirst = 0;
    pPhrase->pList = pCsr;
    fts3GetDeltaPosition(&pCsr, &iFirst);

    pPhrase->pHead = pCsr;
    pPhrase->pTail = pCsr;
    pPhrase->iHead = iFirst;
    pPhrase->iTail = iFirst;
  }else{
    assert( pPhrase->pList==0 && pPhrase->pHead==0 && pPhrase->pTail==0 );
  }
................................................................................
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
  }
  pStmt = *ppStmt;
  assert( sqlite3_data_count(pStmt)==1 );

  a = sqlite3_column_blob(pStmt, 0);
  a += sqlite3Fts3GetVarint(a, &nDoc);
  if( nDoc==0 ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_VTAB;
  *pnDoc = (u32)nDoc;

  if( paLen ) *paLen = a;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
................................................................................
          iMinPos = pT->iPos-pT->iOff;
          pTerm = pT;
        }
      }

      if( !pTerm ){
        /* All offsets for this column have been gathered. */
        break;
      }else{
        assert( iCurrent<=iMinPos );
        if( 0==(0xFE&*pTerm->pList) ){
          pTerm->pList = 0;
        }else{
          fts3GetDeltaPosition(&pTerm->pList, &pTerm->iPos);
        }
................................................................................
        }
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          char aBuffer[64];
          sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(aBuffer), aBuffer, 
              "%d %d %d %d ", iCol, pTerm-sCtx.aTerm, iStart, iEnd-iStart
          );
          rc = fts3StringAppend(&res, aBuffer, -1);
        }else if( rc==SQLITE_DONE ){
          rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_VTAB;
        }
      }
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_DONE ){
      rc = SQLITE_OK;
    }

................................................................................
    if( argc>0 ){
      pCsr->aConstraint = sqlite3_malloc(sizeof(RtreeConstraint)*argc);
      pCsr->nConstraint = argc;
      if( !pCsr->aConstraint ){
        rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
      }else{
        memset(pCsr->aConstraint, 0, sizeof(RtreeConstraint)*argc);
        assert( (idxStr==0 && argc==0) || (int)strlen(idxStr)==argc*2 );

        for(ii=0; ii<argc; ii++){
          RtreeConstraint *p = &pCsr->aConstraint[ii];
          p->op = idxStr[ii*2];
          p->iCoord = idxStr[ii*2+1]-'a';
          if( p->op==RTREE_MATCH ){
            /* A MATCH operator. The right-hand-side must be a blob that
            ** can be cast into an RtreeMatchArg object. One created using
................................................................................

  for(ii=0; rc==SQLITE_OK && ii<(pRtree->iDepth-iHeight); ii++){
    int iCell;
    sqlite3_int64 iBest = 0;

    float fMinGrowth = 0.0;
    float fMinArea = 0.0;

    float fMinOverlap = 0.0;



    int nCell = NCELL(pNode);
    RtreeCell cell;
    RtreeNode *pChild;

    RtreeCell *aCell = 0;

................................................................................
    ** is inserted into it. Resolve ties by choosing the entry with
    ** the smallest area.
    */
    for(iCell=0; iCell<nCell; iCell++){
      int bBest = 0;
      float growth;
      float area;
      float overlap = 0.0;
      nodeGetCell(pRtree, pNode, iCell, &cell);
      growth = cellGrowth(pRtree, &cell, pCell);
      area = cellArea(pRtree, &cell);

#if VARIANT_RSTARTREE_CHOOSESUBTREE
      if( ii==(pRtree->iDepth-1) ){
        overlap = cellOverlapEnlargement(pRtree,&cell,pCell,aCell,nCell,iCell);


      }
      if( (iCell==0) 
       || (overlap<fMinOverlap) 
       || (overlap==fMinOverlap && growth<fMinGrowth)
       || (overlap==fMinOverlap && growth==fMinGrowth && area<fMinArea)
      ){
        bBest = 1;

      }
#else
      if( iCell==0||growth<fMinGrowth||(growth==fMinGrowth && area<fMinArea) ){
        bBest = 1;
      }
#endif
      if( bBest ){
        fMinOverlap = overlap;
        fMinGrowth = growth;
        fMinArea = area;
        iBest = cell.iRowid;
      }
    }

    sqlite3_free(aCell);


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<







1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
...
312
313
314
315
316
317
318







319
320
321
322
323
324
325
...
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
...
645
646
647
648
649
650
651
652
653
654
655
656
657
658
659
660
661
....
1309
1310
1311
1312
1313
1314
1315
1316
1317
1318
1319
1320
1321
1322
1323
1324
1325
1326
1327
1328
1329
1330
1331
1332
1333
1334
1335
1336
1337
1338
1339
....
1942
1943
1944
1945
1946
1947
1948
1949
1950
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955
1956
1957
....
3342
3343
3344
3345
3346
3347
3348
3349
3350
3351
3352
3353
3354
3355
3356
3357
....
3394
3395
3396
3397
3398
3399
3400
3401
3402
3403
3404
3405
3406
3407
3408
....
3564
3565
3566
3567
3568
3569
3570
3571
3572
3573
3574
3575
3576
3577
3578
3579
3580
3581
3582
3583
3584
....
3904
3905
3906
3907
3908
3909
3910
3911
3912
3913
3914
3915
3916
3917
3918
3919
3920
3921
3922
3923
....
4589
4590
4591
4592
4593
4594
4595
4596
4597
4598
4599
4600
4601
4602
4603
4604
4605
4606
4607
4608
....
6377
6378
6379
6380
6381
6382
6383
6384
6385
6386
6387
6388
6389
6390
6391
6392
6393
6394
6395
6396
6397
6398
6399
6400
6401
6402
6403
6404
6405
6406
6407
6408
6409
6410
6411
6412
6413
6414
....
6454
6455
6456
6457
6458
6459
6460

6461
6462
6463
6464
6465
6466
6467
....
7739
7740
7741
7742
7743
7744
7745
7746
7747
7748
7749
7750
7751
7752
7753
7754
7755
7756
7757
7758
7759
7760
7761
7762
7763
7764
....
8687
8688
8689
8690
8691
8692
8693

8694
8695
8696
8697
8698
8699
8700
....
8782
8783
8784
8785
8786
8787
8788
8789
8790
8791
8792
8793
8794
8795
8796
8797
....
9320
9321
9322
9323
9324
9325
9326
9327
9328
9329
9330
9331
9332
9333
9334
9335
9336
9337
9338
9339
9340
9341
9342
9343
9344
....
9963
9964
9965
9966
9967
9968
9969
9970
9971
9972
9973
9974
9975
9976
9977
.....
10162
10163
10164
10165
10166
10167
10168
10169
10170
10171
10172
10173
10174
10175
10176
10177
10178
10179
10180
10181
10182
10183
10184
10185
10186
10187
10188
10189
10190
10191
10192
10193
10194
10195
10196
10197
10198
10199
10200
10201
10202
10203
10204
10205
10206
10207
10208
10209
.....
10647
10648
10649
10650
10651
10652
10653
10654

10655
10656
10657
10658
10659
10660
10661
10662
10663
10664
.....
11404
11405
11406
11407
11408
11409
11410
11411
11412
11413
11414
11415
11416
11417
11418
.....
11661
11662
11663
11664
11665
11666
11667
11668
11669
11670
11671
11672
11673
11674
11675
.....
11763
11764
11765
11766
11767
11768
11769
11770
11771
11772
11773
11774
11775
11776
11777
11778
11779
11780
11781
11782
11783
11784
11785
11786
11787
.....
11793
11794
11795
11796
11797
11798
11799

11800
11801
11802
11803
11804
11805
11806
.....
12093
12094
12095
12096
12097
12098
12099
12100
12101
12102
12103
12104
12105
12106
12107
.....
12286
12287
12288
12289
12290
12291
12292
12293
12294
12295
12296
12297
12298
12299
12300
12301
.....
12501
12502
12503
12504
12505
12506
12507



12508
12509
12510
12511
12512
12513
12514
.....
12986
12987
12988
12989
12990
12991
12992
12993
12994
12995
12996
12997
12998
12999
13000
.....
13243
13244
13245
13246
13247
13248
13249
13250
13251
13252
13253
13254
13255
13256
13257
13258
13259
13260
13261
13262
13263
13264
13265
13266
13267
13268
13269
13270
13271
13272
13273
13274
13275
13276
13277
13278
.....
13566
13567
13568
13569
13570
13571
13572
13573
13574
13575
13576
13577
13578
13579
13580
13581
13582
13583
13584
13585
13586
13587
13588
13589
13590
13591
.....
13607
13608
13609
13610
13611
13612
13613
13614

13615
13616
13617
13618
13619
13620
13621
.....
14034
14035
14036
14037
14038
14039
14040
14041
14042
14043
14044
14045
14046
14047
14048
14049
14050
.....
14348
14349
14350
14351
14352
14353
14354
14355
14356
14357
14358
14359
14360
14361
14362
14363
14364
14365


14366


14367


14368
14369

14370
14371

14372

14373
14374
14375
14376
14377
14378
14379
14380
14381
14382
14383
.....
14704
14705
14706
14707
14708
14709
14710
14711
14712
14713
14714
14715
14716
14717
14718
14719
14720
14721
14722
14723
.....
18957
18958
18959
18960
18961
18962
18963
18964
18965
18966
18967






































18968
18969
18970
18971
18972
18973
18974
.....
19098
19099
19100
19101
19102
19103
19104
19105
19106
19107

19108



19109
19110
19111
19112

























19113
19114
19115
19116
19117
19118
19119
19120
.....
19129
19130
19131
19132
19133
19134
19135
19136
19137
19138
19139
19140
19141
19142

19143
19144
19145
19146
19147
19148
19149


19150
19151
19152

19153
19154
19155
19156
19157
19158
19159
.....
19190
19191
19192
19193
19194
19195
19196



19197
19198
19199
19200
19201
19202
19203
.....
19236
19237
19238
19239
19240
19241
19242






19243
19244
19245
19246
19247
19248
19249
.....
19300
19301
19302
19303
19304
19305
19306
19307
19308
19309
19310
19311
19312
19313
19314
19315
19316
19317
19318
19319
19320
19321
19322
19323
19324
19325
19326

19327
19328
19329
19330
19331
19332
19333
19334
19335
19336
19337
19338
19339
19340
19341
19342
19343
19344
19345
19346
19347
19348
19349
19350
19351
19352
19353
19354
19355
19356
19357
19358

19359
19360
19361
19362
19363
19364
19365
.....
19399
19400
19401
19402
19403
19404
19405

19406
19407
19408
19409
19410
19411
19412
.....
19419
19420
19421
19422
19423
19424
19425
19426
19427
19428
19429
19430
19431
19432
19433
19434
19435
19436
19437
19438
19439
19440
.....
19458
19459
19460
19461
19462
19463
19464
19465
19466
19467
19468
19469
19470
19471
19472
19473
19474
19475
19476
19477
19478
19479
19480
19481
19482
.....
19487
19488
19489
19490
19491
19492
19493
19494
19495
19496
19497
19498
19499
19500
19501
19502
.....
19626
19627
19628
19629
19630
19631
19632

19633

19634
19635
19636
19637
19638
19639
19640
19641
19642
19643
19644
19645
19646
19647
19648
19649
19650
19651
19652
19653
19654
.....
19672
19673
19674
19675
19676
19677
19678
19679
19680
19681
19682
19683
19684
19685
19686
19687
19688
19689
19690
19691
19692
19693
19694
19695
.....
20531
20532
20533
20534
20535
20536
20537
20538
20539
20540
20541
20542
20543
20544
20545
.....
20960
20961
20962
20963
20964
20965
20966
20967
20968
20969
20970
20971
20972
20973
20974
.....
21011
21012
21013
21014
21015
21016
21017
21018
21019
21020
21021
21022
21023
21024
21025
21026
21027
21028
21029
21030
.....
25128
25129
25130
25131
25132
25133
25134
25135
25136
25137
25138
25139
25140
25141
25142
.....
25963
25964
25965
25966
25967
25968
25969
25970
25971
25972
25973
25974
25975
25976
25977
25978
25979
25980
25981
25982
25983
25984
.....
26174
26175
26176
26177
26178
26179
26180

26181
26182
26183
26184
26185
26186
26187
26188
26189
26190
26191

26192
26193
26194
26195



26196
26197
26198
26199
26200
26201
26202
26203
26204
26205





26206
26207
26208
26209
26210
26211
26212
.....
26300
26301
26302
26303
26304
26305
26306



26307
26308
26309
26310
26311
26312
26313
.....
28441
28442
28443
28444
28445
28446
28447



28448
28449
28450
28451


28452
28453
28454
28455
28456
28457
28458
28459
28460
28461
28462
28463
.....
29134
29135
29136
29137
29138
29139
29140
29141
29142
29143
29144
29145
29146
29147
29148
29149
29150
.....
29239
29240
29241
29242
29243
29244
29245
29246
29247
29248
29249
29250
29251
29252
29253
.....
29474
29475
29476
29477
29478
29479
29480
29481
29482
29483
29484
29485
29486
29487
29488
29489

29490
29491
29492
29493
29494
29495
29496
29497
29498
29499
29500
29501
.....
30019
30020
30021
30022
30023
30024
30025
30026
30027
30028
30029
30030
30031
30032
30033
30034
30035
30036
30037
30038
30039
30040
30041
30042
30043
30044
30045
30046
30047
30048
30049
30050
30051
30052
30053
30054
30055
30056
30057
30058
30059
30060
30061
30062
30063
30064
30065
30066
30067
30068
30069
30070
30071
30072
30073
30074
30075
30076
.....
34199
34200
34201
34202
34203
34204
34205
34206
34207
34208
34209
34210
34211
34212
34213
.....
34565
34566
34567
34568
34569
34570
34571
34572
34573
34574
34575
34576
34577
34578
34579
34580
34581
34582
34583
34584
34585
34586
34587
34588
34589
34590
.....
34650
34651
34652
34653
34654
34655
34656
34657
34658
34659
34660
34661
34662
34663
34664
34665
.....
34671
34672
34673
34674
34675
34676
34677
34678
34679
34680
34681
34682
34683
34684
34685
.....
34687
34688
34689
34690
34691
34692
34693
34694
34695
34696
34697
34698
34699
34700
34701
34702
34703
34704
34705
34706
34707
34708
34709
.....
35820
35821
35822
35823
35824
35825
35826


35827
35828
35829
35830
35831
35832
35833
.....
35850
35851
35852
35853
35854
35855
35856




35857
35858






















































35859
35860
35861
35862
35863
35864
35865
.....
35954
35955
35956
35957
35958
35959
35960











35961
35962
35963
35964
35965
35966
35967
.....
36080
36081
36082
36083
36084
36085
36086
































36087
36088
36089
36090
36091

36092
36093
36094





























































































36095
36096
36097
36098
36099
36100
36101
36102
36103
36104
36105
36106
36107


36108

36109
36110
36111
36112
36113
36114
36115
36116
36117
36118
36119
36120
36121








































36122
36123

36124
36125
36126
36127
36128
36129
36130
.....
36727
36728
36729
36730
36731
36732
36733



36734
36735
36736
36737
36738
36739
36740
.....
37939
37940
37941
37942
37943
37944
37945

37946
37947
37948
37949
37950
37951
37952
.....
37989
37990
37991
37992
37993
37994
37995
37996
37997

37998
37999
38000
38001
38002
38003
38004
.....
40022
40023
40024
40025
40026
40027
40028

40029
40030
40031
40032
40033
40034
40035
.....
40283
40284
40285
40286
40287
40288
40289
40290
40291
40292
40293
40294
40295
40296
40297
.....
41488
41489
41490
41491
41492
41493
41494
41495
41496
41497
41498
41499

41500
41501
41502
41503
41504
41505
41506
.....
42324
42325
42326
42327
42328
42329
42330
42331
42332
42333
42334
42335
42336
42337

42338
42339
42340
42341
42342
42343
42344
.....
42366
42367
42368
42369
42370
42371
42372
42373
42374
42375
42376
42377
42378
42379
42380
.....
43400
43401
43402
43403
43404
43405
43406
43407
43408
43409
43410
43411
43412
43413
43414
43415
43416
43417
43418
43419
43420
43421
43422
43423
43424
43425
43426
43427
43428
43429
43430
43431
43432
43433
43434
43435
43436
43437
43438
.....
44154
44155
44156
44157
44158
44159
44160
44161
44162
44163
44164
44165
44166
44167
44168
44169
44170
44171
44172
44173
44174
.....
46527
46528
46529
46530
46531
46532
46533
46534
46535
46536
46537
46538
46539
46540
46541
.....
49840
49841
49842
49843
49844
49845
49846
49847
49848
49849
49850
49851
49852
49853
49854
49855
49856
49857
49858
49859
49860
49861
49862
49863
49864
49865
49866
.....
49958
49959
49960
49961
49962
49963
49964
49965
49966
49967
49968
49969
49970
49971
49972
49973
49974
.....
50042
50043
50044
50045
50046
50047
50048
50049
50050
50051
50052
50053
50054
50055
50056
50057
50058
50059
50060
50061
.....
52014
52015
52016
52017
52018
52019
52020
52021
52022
52023
52024
52025
52026
52027
52028
52029
52030
52031
52032
52033
52034
52035
52036
52037
52038
52039
52040
52041
52042
52043
52044
52045
52046
52047
52048
52049
52050
52051
52052
52053
52054
52055
52056
52057
52058
52059
52060
52061
52062



52063
52064
52065
52066
52067
52068
52069

52070
52071
52072
52073
52074
52075
52076
.....
52661
52662
52663
52664
52665
52666
52667

52668
52669
52670
52671
52672
52673
52674
.....
52678
52679
52680
52681
52682
52683
52684
52685
52686
52687
52688
52689
52690
52691
52692
.....
52943
52944
52945
52946
52947
52948
52949
52950
52951
52952
52953
52954
52955
52956
52957
52958
.....
54072
54073
54074
54075
54076
54077
54078
54079
54080
54081
54082
54083
54084
54085
54086
54087
54088
54089
54090
54091
54092
54093
54094
.....
54500
54501
54502
54503
54504
54505
54506
54507
54508
54509
54510
54511
54512
54513
54514
.....
56843
56844
56845
56846
56847
56848
56849
56850
56851
56852
56853
56854
56855
56856
56857
56858
56859
56860
56861
56862
56863
56864
.....
56969
56970
56971
56972
56973
56974
56975
56976
56977
56978
56979
56980
56981
56982
56983
56984
56985
56986
56987
56988
56989
56990
56991
56992
56993
.....
57004
57005
57006
57007
57008
57009
57010
57011
57012
57013
57014
57015
57016
57017
57018
57019
57020
57021
57022
.....
58043
58044
58045
58046
58047
58048
58049
58050
58051
58052
58053
58054
58055
58056
58057
58058
58059
58060
58061
.....
58746
58747
58748
58749
58750
58751
58752
58753
58754
58755
58756
58757
58758
58759
58760
58761
.....
58952
58953
58954
58955
58956
58957
58958
58959


58960
58961
58962
58963
58964
58965
58966
58967
58968
58969
58970
58971

58972
58973
58974
58975
58976
58977
58978
58979




58980

58981
58982
58983
58984
58985
58986
58987
58988
.....
59312
59313
59314
59315
59316
59317
59318
59319
59320
59321
59322
59323
59324
59325
59326
59327
59328
59329
59330
59331
59332
59333
59334
59335
59336
59337
.....
59478
59479
59480
59481
59482
59483
59484
59485
59486
59487
59488
59489
59490
59491
59492
.....
60480
60481
60482
60483
60484
60485
60486
60487
60488
60489
60490
60491
60492
60493
60494
60495
60496
60497
60498
60499
60500
60501
60502
60503
60504
60505
60506
60507
60508
60509
60510
60511
60512
60513
60514
60515
60516
60517
.....
60532
60533
60534
60535
60536
60537
60538
60539




60540
60541





60542
60543
60544
60545
60546
60547
60548
.....
61249
61250
61251
61252
61253
61254
61255
61256
61257
61258
61259
61260
61261
61262
61263
.....
61324
61325
61326
61327
61328
61329
61330
61331
61332
61333
61334
61335
61336
61337
61338
.....
61880
61881
61882
61883
61884
61885
61886
61887
61888
61889
61890
61891
61892
61893
61894
.....
65600
65601
65602
65603
65604
65605
65606
65607
65608
65609
65610
65611
65612
65613
65614
65615
65616
65617
65618
65619
65620
65621
65622
65623
.....
67661
67662
67663
67664
67665
67666
67667
67668
67669
67670
67671
67672
67673
67674
67675
67676
67677
67678
67679
67680
67681
67682
.....
67780
67781
67782
67783
67784
67785
67786

67787

67788
67789
67790
67791
67792
67793
67794
67795
.....
68982
68983
68984
68985
68986
68987
68988
68989
68990
68991
68992
68993
68994
68995
68996
.....
69417
69418
69419
69420
69421
69422
69423
69424
69425
69426
69427
69428
69429
69430
69431
69432
69433
69434
69435
69436
69437
69438
69439
.....
71783
71784
71785
71786
71787
71788
71789
71790
71791
71792
71793
71794
71795
71796
71797
71798
71799
71800
71801
71802
71803
71804
71805
71806
71807
71808
71809
71810
71811
71812
71813
71814
.....
71893
71894
71895
71896
71897
71898
71899
71900
71901
71902
71903
71904
71905
71906
71907
71908
71909
71910
71911
71912
71913
71914




















71915
71916
71917
71918
71919
71920
71921
.....
73314
73315
73316
73317
73318
73319
73320
73321
73322
73323
73324
73325
73326
73327
73328
73329
.....
74354
74355
74356
74357
74358
74359
74360


74361
74362
74363
74364
74365
74366
74367
74368
74369
74370
74371
74372
74373
74374
74375
74376
74377
74378
74379
74380
.....
76373
76374
76375
76376
76377
76378
76379
76380
76381
76382
76383
76384
76385
76386
76387
.....
77516
77517
77518
77519
77520
77521
77522
77523
77524
77525
77526
77527
77528
77529
77530
77531
77532
77533
77534
77535
77536
77537
77538
77539
77540
77541
77542
77543
77544
77545
77546
77547
77548
77549
77550
77551
77552
77553
77554
77555
77556
77557
77558
77559
77560
77561
77562
77563
77564
77565
77566
77567
77568
77569
77570
77571
77572
77573
77574
77575
77576
77577
77578
77579
77580
77581
77582
77583
77584
77585
77586
77587
77588
77589
77590
77591
77592
77593
77594
77595
77596
77597
77598
77599
77600
77601
77602
77603
77604
77605
77606
77607
77608
77609
77610
77611
77612
77613
77614
77615
77616
77617
77618
77619
77620
77621
77622
77623
77624
77625
77626
77627
77628
77629
77630
77631
77632
77633
77634
77635
77636
77637
77638
77639
77640
77641
77642
77643
77644
77645
77646
77647
.....
77649
77650
77651
77652
77653
77654
77655
77656
77657
77658
77659
77660
77661
77662
77663
77664
.....
77666
77667
77668
77669
77670
77671
77672
77673
77674
77675
77676
77677
77678
77679
77680
77681
77682
.....
77699
77700
77701
77702
77703
77704
77705
77706
77707
77708
77709
77710
77711
77712
77713
77714
77715
77716
77717
77718
77719
77720
77721
77722
77723
77724
77725
77726
77727
77728
77729
77730
77731
77732
77733
77734
77735
77736
77737
77738
77739
77740
77741
77742
77743
77744
77745
77746
77747
77748
77749
77750
77751
77752
77753
77754
77755
77756
77757
77758
77759
77760
77761
77762
77763
77764
77765
77766
77767
77768
77769
77770
77771
77772
77773
77774
77775
77776
77777
77778
77779
77780
77781
77782
77783
77784
77785
77786
77787
77788
77789
77790
77791
77792
77793
77794
77795
77796
77797
77798
77799
77800
77801
77802
77803
77804
77805
77806
77807
77808
77809
77810
77811
77812
77813
77814
77815
77816
77817
77818
77819
77820
77821
77822
77823
77824
77825
77826
77827
77828
77829
77830
77831
77832
77833
77834
77835
77836
77837
77838
77839
77840
77841
77842
77843
77844
77845
77846
77847
77848
77849
77850
77851
77852
77853
77854
77855
77856
77857
77858
77859
77860
77861
77862
77863
77864
77865
77866
77867
77868
77869
77870
77871
77872
77873
77874
77875
77876
77877
77878
77879
77880
77881
77882
77883
77884
77885
77886
77887
77888
77889
77890
77891
77892
77893
77894
77895
77896
77897
77898
77899
77900
77901
77902
77903
77904
77905
77906
77907
77908
77909
77910
77911
77912
77913
77914
77915
77916
77917
77918
77919
77920
77921
77922
77923
77924
77925
77926
77927
77928
77929
77930
77931
77932
77933
77934
77935
77936
77937
77938
77939
.....
77949
77950
77951
77952
77953
77954
77955
77956
77957
77958
77959
77960
77961
77962
77963
77964
77965
77966
77967
77968
77969
77970
77971
77972
77973
77974
77975
77976








77977
77978
77979
77980
77981
77982
77983
.....
78002
78003
78004
78005
78006
78007
78008
78009
78010
78011
78012
78013
78014
78015
78016
78017
78018
78019
78020
78021
78022
78023
.....
78024
78025
78026
78027
78028
78029
78030
78031

78032
78033
78034





78035
78036
78037









78038
78039
78040

78041
78042
78043
78044
78045
78046
78047
78048
78049
78050
78051
.....
78067
78068
78069
78070
78071
78072
78073
78074
78075
78076
78077
78078
78079































78080
78081
78082
78083
78084
78085
78086
78087
78088
78089
78090
78091
78092
78093
78094





78095
78096
78097
78098
78099
78100
78101
78102
78103
78104
78105
78106
78107
78108
78109
78110
78111

78112
78113
78114
78115
78116

78117
78118
78119
78120
78121
78122
78123
78124
78125
78126
78127
78128
78129
78130
78131
78132
78133
78134
78135
78136
78137
78138
78139
78140
78141
78142
78143
78144
78145
78146
78147
78148
78149
78150
78151
78152
78153
78154
78155
78156
78157
.....
78163
78164
78165
78166
78167
78168
78169
78170
78171
78172
78173
78174
78175
78176
78177
78178
78179
78180
78181
78182
78183
78184
78185
78186
78187
78188
78189
78190
78191
78192
78193
78194
78195
78196
78197
78198
78199
78200
78201
78202
78203
78204
78205
78206
78207
78208
78209
78210
78211
78212
78213
78214
78215
78216
78217
.....
78228
78229
78230
78231
78232
78233
78234
78235
78236
78237
78238
78239
78240
78241
78242
.....
78253
78254
78255
78256
78257
78258
78259
78260
78261
78262
78263
78264
78265
78266
78267
.....
78358
78359
78360
78361
78362
78363
78364
78365
78366
78367
78368
78369
78370
78371
78372
.....
78401
78402
78403
78404
78405
78406
78407
78408
78409
78410
78411
78412
78413
78414
78415
78416
78417
78418
78419
78420
78421
78422
78423
78424
78425
78426
78427
78428
78429
78430
78431
78432
78433
78434
78435
78436
78437
78438
78439
78440
78441
78442
78443
78444
78445
78446
78447
78448
78449
78450
78451
78452
78453
78454
78455
78456
78457
78458
78459
78460
78461
78462
78463
78464
78465
78466
78467
78468
78469
78470
78471
78472
78473
78474
78475
78476
78477
78478
78479
78480
78481
78482
78483
78484
78485
78486
78487
78488
78489
78490
78491
78492
78493
78494
78495
78496
78497
78498
78499
78500
78501
78502
78503
78504
78505
78506
78507
78508
78509
78510
78511
78512
78513
78514
78515
78516
78517
78518
78519
78520
78521
78522
78523
78524
78525
78526
78527
78528
78529
78530
78531
78532
78533
78534
78535
78536
78537
78538
78539
78540
78541
78542
78543
78544
78545
78546
78547
78548
78549
78550
78551
78552
78553
78554
78555
78556
78557
78558
78559
78560
78561
78562
78563
78564
78565
78566
78567
78568
78569
78570
78571
78572
78573
78574
78575
78576
.....
78584
78585
78586
78587
78588
78589
78590
78591
78592
78593
78594
78595
78596
78597
78598
78599
78600
78601
78602
78603
78604
78605
78606
78607
78608
78609
78610
78611
78612
78613
78614
78615
78616



78617



78618






























































78619
78620
78621
78622
78623
78624
78625
.....
81418
81419
81420
81421
81422
81423
81424
81425
81426
81427
81428
81429
81430
81431
81432
81433

81434
81435
81436
81437
81438
81439
81440
81441

81442
81443
81444
81445
81446
81447
81448
81449
81450
81451
81452
81453
81454
81455
81456
81457
81458
81459
81460
81461
81462
81463
81464
81465
81466
81467
81468
81469
81470
81471
81472
81473
81474
81475
81476
81477
81478
81479
81480
81481
81482
81483
81484
81485
81486
81487
81488
81489
81490
81491
81492
81493
81494
81495
81496
81497
81498
81499
81500
81501
81502
81503
81504
81505
81506
81507
81508
81509
81510
81511
81512
81513
81514
81515
81516
81517
81518
81519
81520
81521
81522
81523
.....
81579
81580
81581
81582
81583
81584
81585
81586
81587
81588
81589
81590
81591
81592
81593
81594
.....
81604
81605
81606
81607
81608
81609
81610


81611












































81612

81613
81614
81615











81616
81617
81618
81619
81620
81621
81622
.....
81776
81777
81778
81779
81780
81781
81782
81783
81784
81785
81786
81787
81788
81789
81790
81791
81792
81793
81794
81795
81796
81797
81798
.....
81818
81819
81820
81821
81822
81823
81824
81825
81826
81827
81828
81829
81830
81831
81832

81833

81834
81835
81836
81837
81838
81839
81840
81841
81842
81843
.....
81849
81850
81851
81852
81853
81854
81855
81856
81857
81858
81859
81860
81861
81862
81863
81864
.....
81948
81949
81950
81951
81952
81953
81954
81955
81956
81957
81958
81959
81960
81961
81962
.....
81976
81977
81978
81979
81980
81981
81982
81983
81984
81985
81986
81987
81988
81989
81990
.....
82019
82020
82021
82022
82023
82024
82025
82026
82027
82028
82029
82030
82031
82032
82033
.....
82099
82100
82101
82102
82103
82104
82105
82106
82107

82108
82109
82110
82111
82112
82113
82114
82115
82116
82117
82118

82119
82120
82121
82122
82123
82124
82125
82126
.....
82389
82390
82391
82392
82393
82394
82395
82396
82397
82398
82399
82400
82401
82402
82403
82404
82405
.....
82875
82876
82877
82878
82879
82880
82881

82882
82883
82884
82885


82886
82887
82888
82889
82890
82891
82892
82893
82894
82895
82896
82897
82898

82899
82900
82901
82902


82903
82904
82905
82906
82907
82908
82909
.....
84701
84702
84703
84704
84705
84706
84707

84708
84709
84710
84711
84712
84713
84714
84715
84716
84717
84718
84719
84720
84721
84722
84723
84724
84725
84726

84727
84728
84729
84730
84731
84732
84733
84734
84735
84736
84737
.....
87100
87101
87102
87103
87104
87105
87106
87107
87108
87109
87110
87111
87112
87113
87114
.....
88944
88945
88946
88947
88948
88949
88950
88951
88952
88953
88954
88955
88956
88957
88958
88959
88960
.....
89261
89262
89263
89264
89265
89266
89267
89268
89269
89270
89271
89272
89273
89274
89275
89276
89277
89278
.....
89289
89290
89291
89292
89293
89294
89295
89296
89297
89298
89299
89300
89301
89302
89303
89304
89305
89306
89307
89308
89309
89310
89311
89312
89313
89314
.....
89345
89346
89347
89348
89349
89350
89351
89352
89353
89354
89355
89356
89357
89358
89359
89360
89361
89362
89363
89364
89365
89366
89367
89368
89369
89370
89371
.....
89379
89380
89381
89382
89383
89384
89385
89386
89387
89388
89389
89390
89391
89392
89393
89394
89395
89396
89397
89398
89399
89400
89401
89402
89403
89404
89405
.....
89427
89428
89429
89430
89431
89432
89433
89434
89435
89436
89437
89438
89439
89440
89441
89442
89443
89444
89445
.....
90045
90046
90047
90048
90049
90050
90051
90052
90053
90054
90055
90056
90057
90058
90059
.....
90082
90083
90084
90085
90086
90087
90088
90089
90090
90091
90092
90093
90094
90095
90096
.....
90768
90769
90770
90771
90772
90773
90774
90775
90776
90777
90778
90779
90780
90781
90782
.....
90834
90835
90836
90837
90838
90839
90840
90841
90842
90843
90844
90845
90846
90847
90848
90849
90850
90851
.....
91381
91382
91383
91384
91385
91386
91387
91388
91389
91390
91391
91392
91393
91394
91395
.....
92756
92757
92758
92759
92760
92761
92762
92763
92764
92765
92766
92767
92768
92769
92770
.....
92784
92785
92786
92787
92788
92789
92790
92791
92792
92793
92794
92795
92796
92797
92798
.....
93963
93964
93965
93966
93967
93968
93969
93970
93971
93972
93973
93974
93975
93976
93977
93978
93979
93980
.....
98964
98965
98966
98967
98968
98969
98970
98971
98972
98973
98974
98975
98976
98977
98978
.....
99138
99139
99140
99141
99142
99143
99144
99145
99146
99147
99148
99149
99150
99151
99152
.....
99326
99327
99328
99329
99330
99331
99332
99333
99334
99335
99336
99337
99338
99339
99340
.....
99544
99545
99546
99547
99548
99549
99550
99551
99552
99553
99554
99555



99556
99557
99558
99559
99560
99561
99562
......
100517
100518
100519
100520
100521
100522
100523
100524
100525
100526
100527
100528
100529
100530
100531
......
100532
100533
100534
100535
100536
100537
100538
100539
100540
100541
100542
100543
100544
100545
100546
......
100812
100813
100814
100815
100816
100817
100818
100819
100820
100821
100822
100823
100824
100825
100826
100827
100828
100829
100830
100831
100832
100833
100834
100835
100836
100837
100838
100839
100840
100841
100842
100843
100844
100845
100846
100847
100848
100849
100850
......
100965
100966
100967
100968
100969
100970
100971
100972
100973
100974
100975
100976
100977
100978
100979
100980
100981
100982
100983
100984
100985
100986
100987
100988
100989
......
101291
101292
101293
101294
101295
101296
101297
101298
101299
101300
101301
101302
101303
101304
101305
101306
101307
101308
101309
101310
101311
101312
101313
101314
101315
101316
101317
101318
101319
101320
101321
101322
101323
101324
101325
101326
101327
101328
101329
101330
101331
101332
101333
101334
101335
101336
......
101399
101400
101401
101402
101403
101404
101405
101406
101407
101408
101409
101410
101411
101412
101413
......
101417
101418
101419
101420
101421
101422
101423
101424
101425
101426
101427
101428
101429
101430
101431
......
101586
101587
101588
101589
101590
101591
101592
101593
101594
101595
101596
101597
101598
101599
101600
......
101613
101614
101615
101616
101617
101618
101619
101620
101621
101622
101623
101624
101625
101626
101627
101628
101629
101630
......
102050
102051
102052
102053
102054
102055
102056
102057
102058
102059
102060
102061
102062
102063
102064
102065
......
102089
102090
102091
102092
102093
102094
102095
102096
102097
102098
102099
102100
102101
102102
102103
......
102511
102512
102513
102514
102515
102516
102517
102518
102519
102520
102521
102522
102523
102524
102525
102526
102527
102528
102529
102530
102531
......
102546
102547
102548
102549
102550
102551
102552
102553
102554
102555
102556
102557
102558
102559
102560
102561
102562
102563
......
103142
103143
103144
103145
103146
103147
103148
103149
103150

103151
103152





103153





103154
103155
103156





103157
103158

103159
103160
103161
103162
103163
103164
103165
103166
103167
103168
103169
103170
103171
103172
103173

103174
103175
103176
103177

103178
103179
103180
103181
103182
103183
103184
103185
103186
103187
103188
103189
103190
103191
103192
103193
103194
103195
103196
103197
103198
103199
103200

103201
103202
103203

103204
103205
103206
103207
103208
103209
103210
103211
103212
103213
103214
103215

103216

103217
103218
103219
103220
103221
103222
103223
103224
103225
103226
103227





103228
103229
103230
103231
103232
103233
103234
......
103239
103240
103241
103242
103243
103244
103245
103246
103247
103248
103249
103250
103251
103252
103253
103254
103255
103256
103257
103258
......
103262
103263
103264
103265
103266
103267
103268
103269
103270
103271
103272
103273
103274


103275
103276
103277
103278
103279
103280
103281
103282
103283
103284
103285
103286
103287
103288
103289
103290
103291
103292
103293
103294
103295
103296
103297
103298
103299
103300
103301
103302
103303
103304
103305
103306
103307
103308
103309
103310
103311
103312
103313
103314
103315
103316
......
103320
103321
103322
103323
103324
103325
103326
103327
103328
103329
103330
103331
103332
103333
103334
103335
103336
103337
103338
103339
103340
103341
103342
103343
103344
103345
......
103368
103369
103370
103371
103372
103373
103374
103375
103376
103377
103378


103379
103380
103381
103382
103383
103384
103385
103386
103387
103388
103389
103390
103391
103392
103393
103394
103395
103396
103397
103398


103399
103400


103401
103402
103403
103404
103405
103406
103407
103408
103409
103410
103411
103412
103413
103414
103415
103416
103417
103418
103419
103420
103421
103422
103423
103424
103425
103426
103427





103428
103429
103430


103431



103432
103433

103434
103435
103436
103437







103438





103439
103440
103441
103442
103443
103444

103445
103446
103447
103448
103449
103450
103451
103452
103453
103454
103455
103456
103457
103458
103459
103460
103461
103462
103463
......
103469
103470
103471
103472
103473
103474
103475

103476
103477

103478
103479
103480
103481
103482
103483
103484
103485
103486
103487
103488
103489
103490
103491


103492





103493
103494

103495
103496
103497
103498
103499
103500
103501
103502
103503
103504
103505
103506
103507
103508
......
103517
103518
103519
103520
103521
103522
103523



103524
103525
103526



103527


103528
103529



103530






103531
103532
103533
103534











103535









103536
103537
103538

103539

103540
103541
103542
103543
103544
103545
103546
103547
103548
103549
......
103582
103583
103584
103585
103586
103587
103588
103589
103590
103591
103592
103593
103594
103595
103596
......
103637
103638
103639
103640
103641
103642
103643
103644
103645
103646
103647
103648
103649
103650
103651
103652
103653
103654
......
103680
103681
103682
103683
103684
103685
103686
103687
103688
103689


103690


103691
103692
103693
103694
103695
103696
103697
103698
103699
......
103710
103711
103712
103713
103714
103715
103716
103717
103718
103719
103720
103721
103722
103723
103724
103725
103726
103727
103728
103729
103730
103731
103732
103733
103734
103735
103736
103737
103738
103739
103740
......
103741
103742
103743
103744
103745
103746
103747
103748
103749
103750
103751
103752
103753
103754
103755
103756
103757
103758
103759
103760
103761
103762
103763
103764
103765
103766
103767
103768
103769
103770
103771
103772
103773
103774
103775
103776
103777
103778
......
103827
103828
103829
103830
103831
103832
103833
103834
103835
103836
103837
103838
103839
103840
103841
103842
103843
103844
103845
103846
103847
103848
103849
103850
103851
103852
103853
103854
103855
103856
103857
103858
103859
103860
103861
103862
103863
103864
103865
103866
103867
103868
103869
103870
103871
103872
103873
103874
103875
......
103979
103980
103981
103982
103983
103984
103985
103986
103987
103988
103989
103990
103991
103992
103993
103994
103995
103996
......
104486
104487
104488
104489
104490
104491
104492
104493
104494
104495
104496
104497
104498
104499
104500
104501
......
104969
104970
104971
104972
104973
104974
104975
104976
104977
104978
104979
104980
104981
104982
104983
104984
......
105019
105020
105021
105022
105023
105024
105025
105026
105027
105028
105029
105030
105031
105032
105033
105034
105035
105036
105037
105038
105039
105040
105041
105042
105043
105044
105045
105046
105047
105048
105049
105050
105051
105052
105053
105054
105055
......
105069
105070
105071
105072
105073
105074
105075
105076
105077
105078
105079
105080
105081
105082
105083
......
105351
105352
105353
105354
105355
105356
105357
105358
105359
105360
105361
105362
105363
105364
105365
......
105590
105591
105592
105593
105594
105595
105596
105597
105598
105599
105600
105601
105602
105603
105604
105605
......
105680
105681
105682
105683
105684
105685
105686
105687
105688
105689
105690
105691
105692
105693
105694
......
105725
105726
105727
105728
105729
105730
105731
105732
105733
105734
105735
105736
105737
105738
105739
......
105860
105861
105862
105863
105864
105865
105866
105867
105868
105869
105870
105871
105872
105873
105874
......
109207
109208
109209
109210
109211
109212
109213
109214
109215
109216
109217
109218
109219
109220
109221
109222
109223
......
109232
109233
109234
109235
109236
109237
109238
109239
109240
109241
109242
109243
109244
109245
109246
109247
109248
109249
109250
109251
109252

109253
109254
109255
109256
109257
109258
109259
......
110637
110638
110639
110640
110641
110642
110643
110644
110645
110646
110647
110648
110649
110650
110651
......
110671
110672
110673
110674
110675
110676
110677
110678
110679
110680
110681
110682
110683
110684
110685
......
111745
111746
111747
111748
111749
111750
111751
111752
111753
111754
111755
111756
111757
111758
111759
111760
111761
111762
111763
111764
111765
......
112813
112814
112815
112816
112817
112818
112819
112820
112821
112822
112823
112824
112825
112826
112827
......
114542
114543
114544
114545
114546
114547
114548
114549
114550
114551
114552
114553
114554
114555
114556
114557
114558
114559
114560
114561
114562
......
114577
114578
114579
114580
114581
114582
114583
114584
114585
114586
114587
114588
114589
114590
114591
......
114618
114619
114620
114621
114622
114623
114624
114625
114626
114627
114628
114629
114630
114631
114632
......
114703
114704
114705
114706
114707
114708
114709
114710
114711
114712
114713
114714
114715
114716
114717
......
114822
114823
114824
114825
114826
114827
114828
114829
114830
114831
114832
114833
114834
114835
114836
......
114862
114863
114864
114865
114866
114867
114868

114869
114870
114871
114872
114873
114874
114875
114876
114877
......
114882
114883
114884
114885
114886
114887
114888
114889
114890
114891
114892
114893
114894
114895
114896
......
115053
115054
115055
115056
115057
115058
115059
115060
115061
115062
115063
115064
115065
115066
115067
......
115083
115084
115085
115086
115087
115088
115089
115090
115091
115092
115093
115094
115095
115096
115097
......
115123
115124
115125
115126
115127
115128
115129

115130
115131
115132
115133
115134
115135
115136
115137
115138
115139
115140
115141
115142
115143
115144
115145
115146
115147
115148
115149
......
115197
115198
115199
115200
115201
115202
115203

115204
115205
115206
115207
115208
115209
115210
115211
115212
115213
115214
115215
115216
115217
115218
115219
115220
115221
115222
115223
115224
115225
115226
115227
115228
115229
115230
115231
......
115368
115369
115370
115371
115372
115373
115374
115375
115376
115377
115378
115379
115380
115381
115382
115383
115384
115385
115386
115387
115388
115389
115390
115391
115392
115393
115394
......
115396
115397
115398
115399
115400
115401
115402
115403
115404
115405
115406
115407
115408
115409
115410
115411
115412
115413
115414
115415
115416
115417
115418
115419
115420
115421
115422
115423
115424
115425
115426
115427
115428
115429
115430
115431
......
115474
115475
115476
115477
115478
115479
115480
115481
115482
115483
115484
115485
115486
115487
115488
......
115540
115541
115542
115543
115544
115545
115546
115547
115548
115549
115550
115551
115552
115553
115554
115555
115556
115557
115558
115559
115560
115561
115562
115563
115564
115565
115566
115567
115568
115569
115570
115571
115572
115573
115574
115575
115576
115577
115578
115579
115580
115581
115582
115583
115584
115585
115586
115587
115588
115589
115590
115591
115592
115593
115594
115595
115596
115597
115598
115599
115600
115601
115602
115603
115604
115605
115606
115607
115608
115609
115610
115611
115612
115613
115614
115615
115616
115617
115618
115619
115620
115621
115622
115623
115624
115625
115626
115627
115628
115629
115630
115631
115632
115633
115634
115635
115636
115637
115638
......
115670
115671
115672
115673
115674
115675
115676
115677
115678
115679
115680
115681
115682
115683
115684
......
115714
115715
115716
115717
115718
115719
115720
115721
115722
115723
115724
115725
115726
115727
115728
115729
115730
115731
115732
115733
115734
......
115766
115767
115768
115769
115770
115771
115772
115773
115774
115775
115776
115777
115778
115779
115780
115781
115782
115783
115784
115785
115786
115787
115788
115789
115790
115791
115792
115793
115794
115795
115796
115797
115798
115799
115800
115801
115802
115803
115804
115805
115806
115807
115808
115809
115810
115811
115812
115813
115814
115815
115816
115817
115818
115819
115820
115821
115822
115823
115824
115825
......
115856
115857
115858
115859
115860
115861
115862
115863
115864
115865
115866
115867
115868
115869
115870
115871
......
115919
115920
115921
115922
115923
115924
115925
115926
115927
115928
115929
115930
115931
115932
115933
......
116070
116071
116072
116073
116074
116075
116076
116077
116078
116079
116080
116081
116082
116083
116084
116085
116086
116087
116088
116089
116090
116091
116092
116093
116094
116095
116096
116097
116098
116099
116100
116101
116102
116103
116104
116105
116106
116107
116108
116109
116110
116111
116112
116113
116114
116115
116116
116117
116118
116119
116120
116121
116122
116123
116124

116125

116126
116127
116128
116129
116130
116131
116132
116133
116134
116135




116136
116137
116138
116139
116140
116141
116142
......
116178
116179
116180
116181
116182
116183
116184
116185
116186
116187
116188
116189
116190
116191
116192
......
116196
116197
116198
116199
116200
116201
116202
116203
116204
116205
116206
116207
116208
116209
116210
116211
116212
116213
116214
116215
116216
116217
116218
116219
116220
116221
116222
116223
......
116568
116569
116570
116571
116572
116573
116574
116575
116576
116577
116578
116579
116580
116581
116582
116583
116584
116585
116586
116587
116588
116589
116590
116591
......
116594
116595
116596
116597
116598
116599
116600
116601
116602
116603
116604
116605
116606
116607
116608
......
116609
116610
116611
116612
116613
116614
116615







116616
116617
116618
116619
116620
116621
116622
116623
116624
116625
116626
......
116661
116662
116663
116664
116665
116666
116667
116668
116669
116670
116671
116672
116673
116674
116675
......
116963
116964
116965
116966
116967
116968
116969
116970
116971
116972
116973
116974
116975
116976
116977
116978
116979
116980
116981
116982
116983
116984
116985
116986
116987
116988
116989
116990
116991
116992
116993
116994
116995
116996
116997
116998
116999
117000
117001
117002
117003
117004
117005
117006
117007
117008
117009
117010
117011
117012
117013
117014
117015
117016
117017
117018
117019
117020
117021
117022
117023
117024
117025
117026
......
117370
117371
117372
117373
117374
117375
117376
117377
117378
117379
117380
117381
117382
117383
117384
......
117511
117512
117513
117514
117515
117516
117517
117518
117519
117520
117521
117522
117523
117524
117525
117526
......
117539
117540
117541
117542
117543
117544
117545
117546
117547
117548



117549
117550



117551
117552

117553
117554
117555
117556
117557
117558
117559

117560
117561
117562
117563
117564
117565
117566
117567
117568
117569
117570
......
117608
117609
117610
117611
117612
117613
117614
117615
117616
117617
117618
117619
117620
117621
117622
......
117692
117693
117694
117695
117696
117697
117698
117699
117700
117701
117702
117703
117704
117705
117706
......
117901
117902
117903
117904
117905
117906
117907
117908
117909
117910
117911
117912
117913
117914
117915


117916

117917
117918
117919
117920
117921
117922
117923
117924
117925
117926
117927
117928
117929
117930
......
118275
118276
118277
118278
118279
118280
118281

118282
118283
118284
118285
118286
118287
118288
118289
118290
118291
118292
118293
118294
118295
118296
118297
118298
118299
118300
118301
118302
......
118389
118390
118391
118392
118393
118394
118395
118396
118397
118398
118399
118400
118401
118402
118403
......
118619
118620
118621
118622
118623
118624
118625
118626
118627
118628
118629
118630
118631
118632
118633
118634
118635
118636
118637
118638
118639
118640
118641
118642
118643
118644
118645
118646
118647
118648
118649
118650
118651
......
118698
118699
118700
118701
118702
118703
118704
118705
118706
118707
118708
118709
118710
118711
118712
......
118741
118742
118743
118744
118745
118746
118747
118748
118749
118750
118751
118752
118753
118754
118755
118756
118757
118758
118759
118760
118761
118762
118763
......
118813
118814
118815
118816
118817
118818
118819
118820
118821
118822
118823
118824
118825
118826
118827
118828
118829
118830
118831
......
119187
119188
119189
119190
119191
119192
119193
119194
119195
119196
119197
119198
119199
119200
119201
119202
119203
119204
119205
......
119681
119682
119683
119684
119685
119686
119687
119688
119689
119690
119691
119692
119693
119694
119695
119696
119697
119698
119699
119700
119701
119702
119703
......
120278
120279
120280
120281
120282
120283
120284
120285
120286
120287
120288
120289
120290
120291
120292
......
120366
120367
120368
120369
120370
120371
120372
120373
120374
120375
120376
120377
120378
120379
120380
120381
120382
120383
120384
120385
120386
120387
120388
120389
120390
120391
120392
120393
120394
......
120479
120480
120481
120482
120483
120484
120485
120486
120487
120488
120489
120490
120491
120492
120493
......
120501
120502
120503
120504
120505
120506
120507
120508
120509
120510
120511
120512
120513
120514
120515
120516
120517
120518
120519
120520
......
120931
120932
120933
120934
120935
120936
120937
120938
120939
120940
120941
120942
120943
120944
120945
120946
120947
120948
120949
120950
120951
120952
120953
120954
120955
120956
120957
120958
120959
......
121135
121136
121137
121138
121139
121140
121141
121142
121143
121144
121145
121146
121147
121148
121149
......
123182
123183
123184
123185
123186
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123189
123190
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......
123224
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......
123267
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123270
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123276
123277
123278
123279
123280
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......
123335
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123347
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123363
123364
123365
123366
......
123712
123713
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123719
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123721
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123723
123724
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123729
123730
123731
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123734
123735
123736
123737
......
123775
123776
123777
123778
123779
123780
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123782
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123784
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123787
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......
124092
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124098
124099
124100
124101
124102
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124105
124106
......
124122
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124129
124130
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124136
......
125072
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125094
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125096
125097
......
125435
125436
125437
125438
125439
125440
125441
125442
125443
125444
125445
125446
125447
125448
125449
......
125495
125496
125497
125498
125499
125500
125501
125502
125503
125504
125505
125506
125507
125508
125509
......
125561
125562
125563
125564
125565
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125567
125568
125569
125570
125571
125572
125573
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125592
......
125754
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125759
125760
125761
125762
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125764
125765
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125767
125768
125769
125770
......
125877
125878
125879
125880
125881
125882
125883
125884
125885
125886
125887
125888
125889
125890
125891
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125969
125970
......
125975
125976
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125982
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125985
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125987
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125990
......
126057
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......
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......
126183
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126189

126190
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......
126220
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......
126265
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126271

126272
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126279
126280
126281
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......
126693
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......
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......
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......
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......
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......
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......
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129438
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129460
129461

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129468
/******************************************************************************
** This file is an amalgamation of many separate C source files from SQLite
** version 3.7.9.  By combining all the individual C code files into this 
** single large file, the entire code can be compiled as a single translation
** unit.  This allows many compilers to do optimizations that would not be
** possible if the files were compiled separately.  Performance improvements
** of 5% or more are commonly seen when SQLite is compiled as a single
** translation unit.
**
** This file is all you need to compile SQLite.  To use SQLite in other
................................................................................
#ifdef HAVE_STDINT_H
#include <stdint.h>
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_INTTYPES_H
#include <inttypes.h>
#endif








/*
** The following macros are used to cast pointers to integers and
** integers to pointers.  The way you do this varies from one compiler
** to the next, so we have developed the following set of #if statements
** to generate appropriate macros for a wide range of compilers.
**
** The correct "ANSI" way to do this is to use the intptr_t type. 
................................................................................
**
** On Windows, if the SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC_VALIDATE macro is defined and the
** assert() macro is enabled, each call into the Win32 native heap subsystem
** will cause HeapValidate to be called.  If heap validation should fail, an
** assertion will be triggered.
**
** (Historical note:  There used to be several other options, but we've
** pared it down to just these three.)
**
** If none of the above are defined, then set SQLITE_SYSTEM_MALLOC as
** the default.
*/
#if defined(SQLITE_SYSTEM_MALLOC)+defined(SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC)+defined(SQLITE_MEMDEBUG)>1
# error "At most one of the following compile-time configuration options\
 is allows: SQLITE_SYSTEM_MALLOC, SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC, SQLITE_MEMDEBUG"
................................................................................
** string contains the date and time of the check-in (UTC) and an SHA1
** hash of the entire source tree.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.7.9"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3007009
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2011-10-29 15:29:43 fb15f5458eb3e17ce9795c09bffe1224fea0eecd"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version, sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
** have write permission on the directory containing the database file want
** to read the database file, as the WAL and shared memory files must exist
** in order for the database to be readable.  The fourth parameter to
** [sqlite3_file_control()] for this opcode should be a pointer to an integer.
** That integer is 0 to disable persistent WAL mode or 1 to enable persistent
** WAL mode.  If the integer is -1, then it is overwritten with the current
** WAL persistence setting.
**
** ^The [SQLITE_FCNTL_OVERWRITE] opcode is invoked by SQLite after opening
** a write transaction to indicate that, unless it is rolled back for some
** reason, the entire database file will be overwritten by the current 
** transaction. This is used by VACUUM operations.
*/
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE        1
#define SQLITE_GET_LOCKPROXYFILE      2
#define SQLITE_SET_LOCKPROXYFILE      3
#define SQLITE_LAST_ERRNO             4
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_HINT        5
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_CHUNK_SIZE       6
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_FILE_POINTER     7
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_SYNC_OMITTED     8
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_AV_RETRY   9
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_PERSIST_WAL     10
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_OVERWRITE       11

/*
** CAPI3REF: Mutex Handle
**
** The mutex module within SQLite defines [sqlite3_mutex] to be an
** abstract type for a mutex object.  The SQLite core never looks
** at the internal representation of an [sqlite3_mutex].  It only
................................................................................
** to using its default memory allocator (the system malloc() implementation),
** undoing any prior invocation of [SQLITE_CONFIG_MALLOC].  ^If the
** memory pointer is not NULL and either [SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS3] or
** [SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS5] are defined, then the alternative memory
** allocator is engaged to handle all of SQLites memory allocation needs.
** The first pointer (the memory pointer) must be aligned to an 8-byte
** boundary or subsequent behavior of SQLite will be undefined.
** The minimum allocation size is capped at 2**12. Reasonable values
** for the minimum allocation size are 2**5 through 2**8.</dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_MUTEX]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_MUTEX</dt>
** <dd> ^(This option takes a single argument which is a pointer to an
** instance of the [sqlite3_mutex_methods] structure.  The argument specifies
** alternative low-level mutex routines to be used in place
** the mutex routines built into SQLite.)^  ^SQLite makes a copy of the
** content of the [sqlite3_mutex_methods] structure before the call to
................................................................................
** first zero terminator. ^If nByte is non-negative, then it is the maximum
** number of  bytes read from zSql.  ^When nByte is non-negative, the
** zSql string ends at either the first '\000' or '\u0000' character or
** the nByte-th byte, whichever comes first. If the caller knows
** that the supplied string is nul-terminated, then there is a small
** performance advantage to be gained by passing an nByte parameter that
** is equal to the number of bytes in the input string <i>including</i>
** the nul-terminator bytes as this saves SQLite from having to
** make a copy of the input string.
**
** ^If pzTail is not NULL then *pzTail is made to point to the first byte
** past the end of the first SQL statement in zSql.  These routines only
** compile the first statement in zSql, so *pzTail is left pointing to
** what remains uncompiled.
**
** ^*ppStmt is left pointing to a compiled [prepared statement] that can be
................................................................................
** WHERE clause might influence the choice of query plan for a statement,
** then the statement will be automatically recompiled, as if there had been 
** a schema change, on the first  [sqlite3_step()] call following any change
** to the [sqlite3_bind_text | bindings] of that [parameter]. 
** ^The specific value of WHERE-clause [parameter] might influence the 
** choice of query plan if the parameter is the left-hand side of a [LIKE]
** or [GLOB] operator or if the parameter is compared to an indexed column
** and the [SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3] compile-time option is enabled.
** the 
** </li>
** </ol>
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_prepare(
  sqlite3 *db,            /* Database handle */
  const char *zSql,       /* SQL statement, UTF-8 encoded */
................................................................................
** ^The third argument is the value to bind to the parameter.
**
** ^(In those routines that have a fourth argument, its value is the
** number of bytes in the parameter.  To be clear: the value is the
** number of <u>bytes</u> in the value, not the number of characters.)^
** ^If the fourth parameter is negative, the length of the string is
** the number of bytes up to the first zero terminator.
** If a non-negative fourth parameter is provided to sqlite3_bind_text()
** or sqlite3_bind_text16() then that parameter must be the byte offset
** where the NUL terminator would occur assuming the string were NUL
** terminated.  If any NUL characters occur at byte offsets less than 
** the value of the fourth parameter then the resulting string value will
** contain embedded NULs.  The result of expressions involving strings
** with embedded NULs is undefined.
**
** ^The fifth argument to sqlite3_bind_blob(), sqlite3_bind_text(), and
** sqlite3_bind_text16() is a destructor used to dispose of the BLOB or
** string after SQLite has finished with it.  ^The destructor is called
** to dispose of the BLOB or string even if the call to sqlite3_bind_blob(),
** sqlite3_bind_text(), or sqlite3_bind_text16() fails.  
** ^If the fifth argument is
................................................................................
**
** ^The sqlite3_data_count(P) interface returns the number of columns in the
** current row of the result set of [prepared statement] P.
** ^If prepared statement P does not have results ready to return
** (via calls to the [sqlite3_column_int | sqlite3_column_*()] of
** interfaces) then sqlite3_data_count(P) returns 0.
** ^The sqlite3_data_count(P) routine also returns 0 if P is a NULL pointer.
** ^The sqlite3_data_count(P) routine returns 0 if the previous call to
** [sqlite3_step](P) returned [SQLITE_DONE].  ^The sqlite3_data_count(P)
** will return non-zero if previous call to [sqlite3_step](P) returned
** [SQLITE_ROW], except in the case of the [PRAGMA incremental_vacuum]
** where it always returns zero since each step of that multi-step
** pragma returns 0 columns of data.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_column_count()]
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_data_count(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Fundamental Datatypes
................................................................................
** the 2nd parameter of the sqlite3_result_text* interfaces.
** ^If the 3rd parameter to the sqlite3_result_text* interfaces
** is negative, then SQLite takes result text from the 2nd parameter
** through the first zero character.
** ^If the 3rd parameter to the sqlite3_result_text* interfaces
** is non-negative, then as many bytes (not characters) of the text
** pointed to by the 2nd parameter are taken as the application-defined
** function result.  If the 3rd parameter is non-negative, then it
** must be the byte offset into the string where the NUL terminator would
** appear if the string where NUL terminated.  If any NUL characters occur
** in the string at a byte offset that is less than the value of the 3rd
** parameter, then the resulting string will contain embedded NULs and the
** result of expressions operating on strings with embedded NULs is undefined.
** ^If the 4th parameter to the sqlite3_result_text* interfaces
** or sqlite3_result_blob is a non-NULL pointer, then SQLite calls that
** function as the destructor on the text or BLOB result when it has
** finished using that result.
** ^If the 4th parameter to the sqlite3_result_text* interfaces or to
** sqlite3_result_blob is the special constant SQLITE_STATIC, then SQLite
** assumes that the text or BLOB result is in constant space and does not
................................................................................
**
** [[SQLITE_DBSTATUS_STMT_USED]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_DBSTATUS_STMT_USED</dt>
** <dd>This parameter returns the approximate number of of bytes of heap
** and lookaside memory used by all prepared statements associated with
** the database connection.)^
** ^The highwater mark associated with SQLITE_DBSTATUS_STMT_USED is always 0.
** </dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_HIT]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_HIT</dt>
** <dd>This parameter returns the number of pager cache hits that have
** occurred.)^ ^The highwater mark associated with SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_HIT 
** is always 0.
** </dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_MISS]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_MISS</dt>
** <dd>This parameter returns the number of pager cache misses that have
** occurred.)^ ^The highwater mark associated with SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_MISS 
** is always 0.
** </dd>
** </dl>
*/
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_USED       0
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_USED           1
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_SCHEMA_USED          2
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_STMT_USED            3
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_HIT        4
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_MISS_SIZE  5
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_MISS_FULL  6
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_HIT            7
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_MISS           8
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_MAX                  8   /* Largest defined DBSTATUS */


/*
** CAPI3REF: Prepared Statement Status
**
** ^(Each prepared statement maintains various
** [SQLITE_STMTSTATUS counters] that measure the number
................................................................................
**
** [[SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_AUTOINDEX]] <dt>SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_AUTOINDEX</dt>
** <dd>^This is the number of rows inserted into transient indices that
** were created automatically in order to help joins run faster.
** A non-zero value in this counter may indicate an opportunity to
** improvement performance by adding permanent indices that do not
** need to be reinitialized each time the statement is run.</dd>

** </dl>
*/
#define SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_FULLSCAN_STEP     1
#define SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_SORT              2
#define SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_AUTOINDEX         3

/*
................................................................................
** SQLITE_MAX_U32 is a u64 constant that is the maximum u64 value
** that can be stored in a u32 without loss of data.  The value
** is 0x00000000ffffffff.  But because of quirks of some compilers, we
** have to specify the value in the less intuitive manner shown:
*/
#define SQLITE_MAX_U32  ((((u64)1)<<32)-1)

/*
** The datatype used to store estimates of the number of rows in a
** table or index.  This is an unsigned integer type.  For 99.9% of
** the world, a 32-bit integer is sufficient.  But a 64-bit integer
** can be used at compile-time if desired.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_64BIT_STATS
 typedef u64 tRowcnt;    /* 64-bit only if requested at compile-time */
#else
 typedef u32 tRowcnt;    /* 32-bit is the default */
#endif

/*
** Macros to determine whether the machine is big or little endian,
** evaluated at runtime.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_AMALGAMATION
SQLITE_PRIVATE const int sqlite3one = 1;
#else
................................................................................
** Allowed values for the flags parameter to sqlite3PagerOpen().
**
** NOTE: These values must match the corresponding BTREE_ values in btree.h.
*/
#define PAGER_OMIT_JOURNAL  0x0001    /* Do not use a rollback journal */
#define PAGER_NO_READLOCK   0x0002    /* Omit readlocks on readonly files */
#define PAGER_MEMORY        0x0004    /* In-memory database */


/*
** Valid values for the second argument to sqlite3PagerLockingMode().
*/
#define PAGER_LOCKINGMODE_QUERY      -1
#define PAGER_LOCKINGMODE_NORMAL      0
#define PAGER_LOCKINGMODE_EXCLUSIVE   1
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE const char *sqlite3PagerFilename(Pager*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE const sqlite3_vfs *sqlite3PagerVfs(Pager*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE sqlite3_file *sqlite3PagerFile(Pager*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE const char *sqlite3PagerJournalname(Pager*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerNosync(Pager*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3PagerTempSpace(Pager*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerIsMemdb(Pager*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PagerCacheStat(Pager *, int, int, int *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PagerClearCache(Pager *);

/* Functions used to truncate the database file. */
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PagerTruncateImage(Pager*,Pgno);

#if defined(SQLITE_HAS_CODEC) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL)
SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3PagerCodec(DbPage *);
#endif
................................................................................

#ifdef SQLITE_MUTEX_OMIT
/*
** If this is a no-op implementation, implement everything as macros.
*/
#define sqlite3_mutex_alloc(X)    ((sqlite3_mutex*)8)
#define sqlite3_mutex_free(X)
#define sqlite3_mutex_enter(X)    
#define sqlite3_mutex_try(X)      SQLITE_OK
#define sqlite3_mutex_leave(X)    
#define sqlite3_mutex_held(X)     ((void)(X),1)
#define sqlite3_mutex_notheld(X)  ((void)(X),1)
#define sqlite3MutexAlloc(X)      ((sqlite3_mutex*)8)
#define sqlite3MutexInit()        SQLITE_OK
#define sqlite3MutexEnd()
#define MUTEX_LOGIC(X)
#else
#define MUTEX_LOGIC(X)            X
#endif /* defined(SQLITE_MUTEX_OMIT) */

/************** End of mutex.h ***********************************************/
/************** Continuing where we left off in sqliteInt.h ******************/


/*
................................................................................
struct Table {
  char *zName;         /* Name of the table or view */
  int iPKey;           /* If not negative, use aCol[iPKey] as the primary key */
  int nCol;            /* Number of columns in this table */
  Column *aCol;        /* Information about each column */
  Index *pIndex;       /* List of SQL indexes on this table. */
  int tnum;            /* Root BTree node for this table (see note above) */
  tRowcnt nRowEst;     /* Estimated rows in table - from sqlite_stat1 table */
  Select *pSelect;     /* NULL for tables.  Points to definition if a view. */
  u16 nRef;            /* Number of pointers to this Table */
  u8 tabFlags;         /* Mask of TF_* values */
  u8 keyConf;          /* What to do in case of uniqueness conflict on iPKey */
  FKey *pFKey;         /* Linked list of all foreign keys in this table */
  char *zColAff;       /* String defining the affinity of each column */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK
................................................................................
** algorithm to employ whenever an attempt is made to insert a non-unique
** element.
*/
struct Index {
  char *zName;     /* Name of this index */
  int nColumn;     /* Number of columns in the table used by this index */
  int *aiColumn;   /* Which columns are used by this index.  1st is 0 */
  tRowcnt *aiRowEst; /* Result of ANALYZE: Est. rows selected by each column */
  Table *pTable;   /* The SQL table being indexed */
  int tnum;        /* Page containing root of this index in database file */
  u8 onError;      /* OE_Abort, OE_Ignore, OE_Replace, or OE_None */
  u8 autoIndex;    /* True if is automatically created (ex: by UNIQUE) */
  u8 bUnordered;   /* Use this index for == or IN queries only */
  char *zColAff;   /* String defining the affinity of each column */
  Index *pNext;    /* The next index associated with the same table */
  Schema *pSchema; /* Schema containing this index */
  u8 *aSortOrder;  /* Array of size Index.nColumn. True==DESC, False==ASC */
  char **azColl;   /* Array of collation sequence names for index */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
  int nSample;             /* Number of elements in aSample[] */
  tRowcnt avgEq;           /* Average nEq value for key values not in aSample */
  IndexSample *aSample;    /* Samples of the left-most key */
#endif
};

/*
** Each sample stored in the sqlite_stat3 table is represented in memory 
** using a structure of this type.  See documentation at the top of the
** analyze.c source file for additional information.
*/
struct IndexSample {
  union {
    char *z;        /* Value if eType is SQLITE_TEXT or SQLITE_BLOB */
    double r;       /* Value if eType is SQLITE_FLOAT */
    i64 i;          /* Value if eType is SQLITE_INTEGER */
  } u;
  u8 eType;         /* SQLITE_NULL, SQLITE_INTEGER ... etc. */
  int nByte;        /* Size in byte of text or blob. */
  tRowcnt nEq;      /* Est. number of rows where the key equals this sample */
  tRowcnt nLt;      /* Est. number of rows where key is less than this sample */
  tRowcnt nDLt;     /* Est. number of distinct keys less than this sample */
};

/*
** Each token coming out of the lexer is an instance of
** this structure.  Tokens are also used as part of an expression.
**
** Note if Token.z==0 then Token.dyn and Token.n are undefined and
................................................................................
** and the WhereInfo.wctrlFlags member.
*/
#define WHERE_ORDERBY_NORMAL   0x0000 /* No-op */
#define WHERE_ORDERBY_MIN      0x0001 /* ORDER BY processing for min() func */
#define WHERE_ORDERBY_MAX      0x0002 /* ORDER BY processing for max() func */
#define WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED  0x0004 /* Want to do one-pass UPDATE/DELETE */
#define WHERE_DUPLICATES_OK    0x0008 /* Ok to return a row more than once */
#define WHERE_OMIT_OPEN_CLOSE  0x0010 /* Table cursors are already open */

#define WHERE_FORCE_TABLE      0x0020 /* Do not use an index-only search */
#define WHERE_ONETABLE_ONLY    0x0040 /* Only code the 1st table in pTabList */
#define WHERE_AND_ONLY         0x0080 /* Don't use indices for OR terms */

/*
** The WHERE clause processing routine has two halves.  The
** first part does the start of the WHERE loop and the second
** half does the tail of the WHERE loop.  An instance of
** this structure is returned by the first half and passed
** into the second half to give some continuity.
................................................................................
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE)
SQLITE_PRIVATE   int sqlite3ViewGetColumnNames(Parse*,Table*);
#else
# define sqlite3ViewGetColumnNames(A,B) 0
#endif

SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DropTable(Parse*, SrcList*, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3CodeDropTable(Parse*, Table*, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DeleteTable(sqlite3*, Table*);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINCREMENT
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3AutoincrementBegin(Parse *pParse);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3AutoincrementEnd(Parse *pParse);
#else
# define sqlite3AutoincrementBegin(X)
# define sqlite3AutoincrementEnd(X)
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE const void *sqlite3ValueText(sqlite3_value*, u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ValueBytes(sqlite3_value*, u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ValueSetStr(sqlite3_value*, int, const void *,u8, 
                        void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ValueFree(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE sqlite3_value *sqlite3ValueNew(sqlite3 *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE char *sqlite3Utf16to8(sqlite3 *, const void*, int, u8);
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
SQLITE_PRIVATE char *sqlite3Utf8to16(sqlite3 *, u8, char *, int, int *);
#endif
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ValueFromExpr(sqlite3 *, Expr *, u8, u8, sqlite3_value **);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(sqlite3_value *, u8, u8);
#ifndef SQLITE_AMALGAMATION
SQLITE_PRIVATE const unsigned char sqlite3OpcodeProperty[];
SQLITE_PRIVATE const unsigned char sqlite3UpperToLower[];
................................................................................
#  define sqlite3VtabRollback(X)
#  define sqlite3VtabCommit(X)
#  define sqlite3VtabInSync(db) 0
#  define sqlite3VtabLock(X) 
#  define sqlite3VtabUnlock(X)
#  define sqlite3VtabUnlockList(X)
#  define sqlite3VtabSavepoint(X, Y, Z) SQLITE_OK
#  define sqlite3GetVTable(X,Y)  ((VTable*)0)
#else
SQLITE_PRIVATE    void sqlite3VtabClear(sqlite3 *db, Table*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE    int sqlite3VtabSync(sqlite3 *db, char **);
SQLITE_PRIVATE    int sqlite3VtabRollback(sqlite3 *db);
SQLITE_PRIVATE    int sqlite3VtabCommit(sqlite3 *db);
SQLITE_PRIVATE    void sqlite3VtabLock(VTable *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE    void sqlite3VtabUnlock(VTable *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE    void sqlite3VtabUnlockList(sqlite3*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE    int sqlite3VtabSavepoint(sqlite3 *, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE    VTable *sqlite3GetVTable(sqlite3*, Table*);
#  define sqlite3VtabInSync(db) ((db)->nVTrans>0 && (db)->aVTrans==0)
#endif
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VtabMakeWritable(Parse*,Table*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VtabBeginParse(Parse*, Token*, Token*, Token*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VtabFinishParse(Parse*, Token*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VtabArgInit(Parse*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VtabArgExtend(Parse*, Token*);
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3InvalidFunction(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeParameterIndex(Vdbe*, const char*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3TransferBindings(sqlite3_stmt *, sqlite3_stmt *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Reprepare(Vdbe*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprListCheckLength(Parse*, ExprList*, const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE CollSeq *sqlite3BinaryCompareCollSeq(Parse *, Expr *, Expr *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3TempInMemory(const sqlite3*);

SQLITE_PRIVATE const char *sqlite3JournalModename(int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Checkpoint(sqlite3*, int, int, int*, int*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3WalDefaultHook(void*,sqlite3*,const char*,int);

/* Declarations for functions in fkey.c. All of these are replaced by
** no-op macros if OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY is defined. In this case no foreign
** key functionality is available. If OMIT_TRIGGER is defined but
................................................................................
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE SQLITE_WSD struct Sqlite3Config sqlite3Config = {
   SQLITE_DEFAULT_MEMSTATUS,  /* bMemstat */
   1,                         /* bCoreMutex */
   SQLITE_THREADSAFE==1,      /* bFullMutex */
   SQLITE_USE_URI,            /* bOpenUri */
   0x7ffffffe,                /* mxStrlen */
   128,                       /* szLookaside */
   500,                       /* nLookaside */
   {0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0},         /* m */
   {0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0},       /* mutex */
   {0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0},   /* pcache */
   (void*)0,                  /* pHeap */
   0,                         /* nHeap */
   0, 0,                      /* mnHeap, mxHeap */
................................................................................
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_OVERSIZE_CELL_CHECK
  "ENABLE_OVERSIZE_CELL_CHECK",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_RTREE
  "ENABLE_RTREE",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
  "ENABLE_STAT3",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_UNLOCK_NOTIFY
  "ENABLE_UNLOCK_NOTIFY",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_UPDATE_DELETE_LIMIT
  "ENABLE_UPDATE_DELETE_LIMIT",
#endif
................................................................................
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_WSD
  "OMIT_WSD",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_XFER_OPT
  "OMIT_XFER_OPT",
#endif



#ifdef SQLITE_PERFORMANCE_TRACE
  "PERFORMANCE_TRACE",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_PROXY_DEBUG
  "PROXY_DEBUG",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_SECURE_DELETE
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemFinalize(Mem*, FuncDef*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE const char *sqlite3OpcodeName(int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemGrow(Mem *pMem, int n, int preserve);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeCloseStatement(Vdbe *, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeFrameDelete(VdbeFrame*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeFrameRestore(VdbeFrame *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeMemStoreType(Mem *pMem);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeTransferError(Vdbe *p);

#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_MERGE_SORT
# define sqlite3VdbeSorterInit(Y,Z)      SQLITE_OK
# define sqlite3VdbeSorterWrite(X,Y,Z)   SQLITE_OK
# define sqlite3VdbeSorterClose(Y,Z)
# define sqlite3VdbeSorterRowkey(Y,Z)    SQLITE_OK
# define sqlite3VdbeSorterRewind(X,Y,Z)  SQLITE_OK
................................................................................
      db->pnBytesFreed = 0;

      *pHighwater = 0;
      *pCurrent = nByte;

      break;
    }

    /*
    ** Set *pCurrent to the total cache hits or misses encountered by all
    ** pagers the database handle is connected to. *pHighwater is always set 
    ** to zero.
    */
    case SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_HIT:
    case SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_MISS: {
      int i;
      int nRet = 0;
      assert( SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_MISS==SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_HIT+1 );

      for(i=0; i<db->nDb; i++){
        if( db->aDb[i].pBt ){
          Pager *pPager = sqlite3BtreePager(db->aDb[i].pBt);
          sqlite3PagerCacheStat(pPager, op, resetFlag, &nRet);
        }
      }
      *pHighwater = 0;
      *pCurrent = nRet;
      break;
    }

    default: {
      rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
    }
  }
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  return rc;
................................................................................
  if( p->validTZ ){
    computeJD(p);
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** Set the time to the current time reported by the VFS.
**
** Return the number of errors.
*/
static int setDateTimeToCurrent(sqlite3_context *context, DateTime *p){
  sqlite3 *db = sqlite3_context_db_handle(context);
  if( sqlite3OsCurrentTimeInt64(db->pVfs, &p->iJD)==SQLITE_OK ){
    p->validJD = 1;
    return 0;
  }else{
    return 1;
  }
}

/*
** Attempt to parse the given string into a Julian Day Number.  Return
** the number of errors.
**
** The following are acceptable forms for the input string:
................................................................................
){
  double r;
  if( parseYyyyMmDd(zDate,p)==0 ){
    return 0;
  }else if( parseHhMmSs(zDate, p)==0 ){
    return 0;
  }else if( sqlite3StrICmp(zDate,"now")==0){
    return setDateTimeToCurrent(context, p);

  }else if( sqlite3AtoF(zDate, &r, sqlite3Strlen30(zDate), SQLITE_UTF8) ){
    p->iJD = (sqlite3_int64)(r*86400000.0 + 0.5);
    p->validJD = 1;
    return 0;
  }
  return 1;
}
................................................................................
  DateTime *p
){
  int i;
  const unsigned char *z;
  int eType;
  memset(p, 0, sizeof(*p));
  if( argc==0 ){
    return setDateTimeToCurrent(context, p);
  }
  if( (eType = sqlite3_value_type(argv[0]))==SQLITE_FLOAT
                   || eType==SQLITE_INTEGER ){
    p->iJD = (sqlite3_int64)(sqlite3_value_double(argv[0])*86400000.0 + 0.5);
    p->validJD = 1;
  }else{
    z = sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);
    if( !z || parseDateOrTime(context, (char*)z, p) ){
      return 1;
................................................................................
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  time_t t;
  char *zFormat = (char *)sqlite3_user_data(context);
  sqlite3 *db;
  sqlite3_int64 iT;
  struct tm *pTm;
  struct tm sNow;
  char zBuf[20];

  UNUSED_PARAMETER(argc);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(argv);

  db = sqlite3_context_db_handle(context);
  if( sqlite3OsCurrentTimeInt64(db->pVfs, &iT) ) return;
  t = iT/1000 - 10000*(sqlite3_int64)21086676;
#ifdef HAVE_GMTIME_R


  pTm = gmtime_r(&t, &sNow);


#else


  sqlite3_mutex_enter(sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER));
  pTm = gmtime(&t);

  if( pTm ) memcpy(&sNow, pTm, sizeof(sNow));
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER));

#endif

  if( pTm ){
    strftime(zBuf, 20, zFormat, &sNow);
    sqlite3_result_text(context, zBuf, -1, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
  }
}
#endif

/*
** This function registered all of the above C functions as SQL
** functions.  This should be the only routine in this file with
** external linkage.
................................................................................

/*
** Register a VFS with the system.  It is harmless to register the same
** VFS multiple times.  The new VFS becomes the default if makeDflt is
** true.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_vfs_register(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, int makeDflt){
  MUTEX_LOGIC(sqlite3_mutex *mutex;)
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINIT
  int rc = sqlite3_initialize();
  if( rc ) return rc;
#endif
  MUTEX_LOGIC( mutex = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER); )
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(mutex);
  vfsUnlink(pVfs);
  if( makeDflt || vfsList==0 ){
    pVfs->pNext = vfsList;
    vfsList = pVfs;
  }else{
    pVfs->pNext = vfsList->pNext;
................................................................................
** the public domain.  The original comments are included here for
** completeness.  They are very out-of-date but might be useful as
** an historical reference.  Most of the "enhancements" have been backed
** out so that the functionality is now the same as standard printf().
**
**************************************************************************
**
** This file contains code for a set of "printf"-like routines.  These
** routines format strings much like the printf() from the standard C
** library, though the implementation here has enhancements to support
** SQLlite.






































*/

/*
** Conversion types fall into various categories as defined by the
** following enumeration.
*/
#define etRADIX       1 /* Integer types.  %d, %x, %o, and so forth */
................................................................................
  if( N>0 ){
    sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pAccum, zSpaces, N);
  }
}

/*
** On machines with a small stack size, you can redefine the
** SQLITE_PRINT_BUF_SIZE to be something smaller, if desired.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_PRINT_BUF_SIZE

# define SQLITE_PRINT_BUF_SIZE 70



#endif
#define etBUFSIZE SQLITE_PRINT_BUF_SIZE  /* Size of the output buffer */

/*

























** Render a string given by "fmt" into the StrAccum object.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VXPrintf(
  StrAccum *pAccum,                  /* Accumulate results here */
  int useExtended,                   /* Allow extended %-conversions */
  const char *fmt,                   /* Format string */
  va_list ap                         /* arguments */
){
................................................................................
  etByte flag_blanksign;     /* True if " " flag is present */
  etByte flag_alternateform; /* True if "#" flag is present */
  etByte flag_altform2;      /* True if "!" flag is present */
  etByte flag_zeropad;       /* True if field width constant starts with zero */
  etByte flag_long;          /* True if "l" flag is present */
  etByte flag_longlong;      /* True if the "ll" flag is present */
  etByte done;               /* Loop termination flag */
  etByte xtype = 0;          /* Conversion paradigm */
  char prefix;               /* Prefix character.  "+" or "-" or " " or '\0'. */
  sqlite_uint64 longvalue;   /* Value for integer types */
  LONGDOUBLE_TYPE realvalue; /* Value for real types */
  const et_info *infop;      /* Pointer to the appropriate info structure */
  char *zOut;                /* Rendering buffer */
  int nOut;                  /* Size of the rendering buffer */

  char *zExtra;              /* Malloced memory used by some conversion */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
  int  exp, e2;              /* exponent of real numbers */
  int nsd;                   /* Number of significant digits returned */
  double rounder;            /* Used for rounding floating point values */
  etByte flag_dp;            /* True if decimal point should be shown */
  etByte flag_rtz;           /* True if trailing zeros should be removed */


#endif
  char buf[etBUFSIZE];       /* Conversion buffer */


  bufpt = 0;
  for(; (c=(*fmt))!=0; ++fmt){
    if( c!='%' ){
      int amt;
      bufpt = (char *)fmt;
      amt = 1;
      while( (c=(*++fmt))!='%' && c!=0 ) amt++;
................................................................................
      c = *++fmt;
    }else{
      while( c>='0' && c<='9' ){
        width = width*10 + c - '0';
        c = *++fmt;
      }
    }



    /* Get the precision */
    if( c=='.' ){
      precision = 0;
      c = *++fmt;
      if( c=='*' ){
        precision = va_arg(ap,int);
        if( precision<0 ) precision = -precision;
................................................................................
          return;
        }
        break;
      }
    }
    zExtra = 0;







    /*
    ** At this point, variables are initialized as follows:
    **
    **   flag_alternateform          TRUE if a '#' is present.
    **   flag_altform2               TRUE if a '!' is present.
    **   flag_plussign               TRUE if a '+' is present.
    **   flag_leftjustify            TRUE if a '-' is present or if the
................................................................................
          }
          prefix = 0;
        }
        if( longvalue==0 ) flag_alternateform = 0;
        if( flag_zeropad && precision<width-(prefix!=0) ){
          precision = width-(prefix!=0);
        }
        if( precision<etBUFSIZE-10 ){
          nOut = etBUFSIZE;
          zOut = buf;
        }else{
          nOut = precision + 10;
          zOut = zExtra = sqlite3Malloc( nOut );
          if( zOut==0 ){
            pAccum->mallocFailed = 1;
            return;
          }
        }
        bufpt = &zOut[nOut-1];
        if( xtype==etORDINAL ){
          static const char zOrd[] = "thstndrd";
          int x = (int)(longvalue % 10);
          if( x>=4 || (longvalue/10)%10==1 ){
            x = 0;
          }
          *(--bufpt) = zOrd[x*2+1];
          *(--bufpt) = zOrd[x*2];

        }
        {
          register const char *cset;      /* Use registers for speed */
          register int base;
          cset = &aDigits[infop->charset];
          base = infop->base;
          do{                                           /* Convert to ascii */
            *(--bufpt) = cset[longvalue%base];
            longvalue = longvalue/base;
          }while( longvalue>0 );
        }
        length = (int)(&zOut[nOut-1]-bufpt);
        for(idx=precision-length; idx>0; idx--){
          *(--bufpt) = '0';                             /* Zero pad */
        }
        if( prefix ) *(--bufpt) = prefix;               /* Add sign */
        if( flag_alternateform && infop->prefix ){      /* Add "0" or "0x" */
          const char *pre;
          char x;
          pre = &aPrefix[infop->prefix];
          for(; (x=(*pre))!=0; pre++) *(--bufpt) = x;
        }
        length = (int)(&zOut[nOut-1]-bufpt);
        break;
      case etFLOAT:
      case etEXP:
      case etGENERIC:
        realvalue = va_arg(ap,double);
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
        length = 0;
#else
        if( precision<0 ) precision = 6;         /* Set default precision */

        if( realvalue<0.0 ){
          realvalue = -realvalue;
          prefix = '-';
        }else{
          if( flag_plussign )          prefix = '+';
          else if( flag_blanksign )    prefix = ' ';
          else                         prefix = 0;
................................................................................
          }
        }
        bufpt = buf;
        /*
        ** If the field type is etGENERIC, then convert to either etEXP
        ** or etFLOAT, as appropriate.
        */

        if( xtype!=etFLOAT ){
          realvalue += rounder;
          if( realvalue>=10.0 ){ realvalue *= 0.1; exp++; }
        }
        if( xtype==etGENERIC ){
          flag_rtz = !flag_alternateform;
          if( exp<-4 || exp>precision ){
................................................................................
          flag_rtz = 0;
        }
        if( xtype==etEXP ){
          e2 = 0;
        }else{
          e2 = exp;
        }
        if( e2+precision+width > etBUFSIZE - 15 ){
          bufpt = zExtra = sqlite3Malloc( e2+precision+width+15 );
          if( bufpt==0 ){
            pAccum->mallocFailed = 1;
            return;
          }
        }
        zOut = bufpt;
        nsd = 0;
        flag_dp = (precision>0 ?1:0) | flag_alternateform | flag_altform2;
        /* The sign in front of the number */
        if( prefix ){
          *(bufpt++) = prefix;
        }
        /* Digits prior to the decimal point */
................................................................................
        /* Significant digits after the decimal point */
        while( (precision--)>0 ){
          *(bufpt++) = et_getdigit(&realvalue,&nsd);
        }
        /* Remove trailing zeros and the "." if no digits follow the "." */
        if( flag_rtz && flag_dp ){
          while( bufpt[-1]=='0' ) *(--bufpt) = 0;
          assert( bufpt>zOut );
          if( bufpt[-1]=='.' ){
            if( flag_altform2 ){
              *(bufpt++) = '0';
            }else{
              *(--bufpt) = 0;
            }
          }
        }
        /* Add the "eNNN" suffix */
        if( xtype==etEXP ){
          *(bufpt++) = aDigits[infop->charset];
          if( exp<0 ){
            *(bufpt++) = '-'; exp = -exp;
          }else{
            *(bufpt++) = '+';
          }
          if( exp>=100 ){
................................................................................
          *(bufpt++) = (char)(exp%10+'0');             /* 1's digit */
        }
        *bufpt = 0;

        /* The converted number is in buf[] and zero terminated. Output it.
        ** Note that the number is in the usual order, not reversed as with
        ** integer conversions. */
        length = (int)(bufpt-zOut);
        bufpt = zOut;

        /* Special case:  Add leading zeros if the flag_zeropad flag is
        ** set and we are not left justified */
        if( flag_zeropad && !flag_leftjustify && length < width){
          int i;
          int nPad = width - length;
          for(i=width; i>=nPad; i--){
................................................................................
    if( flag_leftjustify ){
      register int nspace;
      nspace = width-length;
      if( nspace>0 ){
        appendSpace(pAccum, nspace);
      }
    }

    sqlite3_free(zExtra);

  }/* End for loop over the format string */
} /* End of function */

/*
** Append N bytes of text from z to the StrAccum object.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3StrAccumAppend(StrAccum *p, const char *z, int N){
  assert( z!=0 || N==0 );
  if( p->tooBig | p->mallocFailed ){
    testcase(p->tooBig);
    testcase(p->mallocFailed);
    return;
  }
  assert( p->zText!=0 || p->nChar==0 );
  if( N<0 ){
    N = sqlite3Strlen30(z);
  }
  if( N==0 || NEVER(z==0) ){
    return;
  }
  if( p->nChar+N >= p->nAlloc ){
................................................................................
      }
      if( p->useMalloc==1 ){
        zNew = sqlite3DbRealloc(p->db, zOld, p->nAlloc);
      }else{
        zNew = sqlite3_realloc(zOld, p->nAlloc);
      }
      if( zNew ){
        if( zOld==0 && p->nChar>0 ) memcpy(zNew, p->zText, p->nChar);
        p->zText = zNew;
      }else{
        p->mallocFailed = 1;
        sqlite3StrAccumReset(p);
        return;
      }
    }
  }
  assert( p->zText );
  memcpy(&p->zText[p->nChar], z, N);
  p->nChar += N;
}

/*
** Finish off a string by making sure it is zero-terminated.
** Return a pointer to the resulting string.  Return a NULL
................................................................................
** is set to the length of the returned string in bytes. The call should
** arrange to call sqlite3DbFree() on the returned pointer when it is
** no longer required.
** 
** If a malloc failure occurs, NULL is returned and the db.mallocFailed
** flag set.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
SQLITE_PRIVATE char *sqlite3Utf8to16(sqlite3 *db, u8 enc, char *z, int n, int *pnOut){
  Mem m;
  memset(&m, 0, sizeof(m));
  m.db = db;
  sqlite3VdbeMemSetStr(&m, z, n, SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_STATIC);
  if( sqlite3VdbeMemTranslate(&m, enc) ){
    assert( db->mallocFailed );
................................................................................
      esign = -1;
      z+=incr;
    }else if( *z=='+' ){
      z+=incr;
    }
    /* copy digits to exponent */
    while( z<zEnd && sqlite3Isdigit(*z) ){
      e = e<10000 ? (e*10 + (*z - '0')) : 10000;
      z+=incr;
      eValid = 1;
    }
  }

  /* skip trailing spaces */
  if( nDigits && eValid ){
................................................................................
        if( esign<0 ){
          result = s / scale;
          result /= 1.0e+308;
        }else{
          result = s * scale;
          result *= 1.0e+308;
        }
      }else if( e>=342 ){
        if( esign<0 ){
          result = 0.0*s;
        }else{
          result = 1e308*1e308*s;  /* Infinity */
        }
      }else{
        /* 1.0e+22 is the largest power of 10 than can be 
        ** represented exactly. */
        while( e%22 ) { scale *= 1.0e+1; e -= 1; }
        while( e>0 ) { scale *= 1.0e+22; e -= 22; }
        if( esign<0 ){
          result = s / scale;
................................................................................
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
static int unixMutexHeld(void) {
  return sqlite3_mutex_held(sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER));
}
#endif


#if defined(SQLITE_TEST) && defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
/*
** Helper function for printing out trace information from debugging
** binaries. This returns the string represetation of the supplied
** integer lock-type.
*/
static const char *azFileLock(int eFileLock){
  switch( eFileLock ){
................................................................................
  ** The reason a single byte cannot be used instead of the 'shared byte
  ** range' is that some versions of windows do not support read-locks. By
  ** locking a random byte from a range, concurrent SHARED locks may exist
  ** even if the locking primitive used is always a write-lock.
  */
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  unixFile *pFile = (unixFile*)id;
  unixInodeInfo *pInode;
  struct flock lock;
  int tErrno = 0;

  assert( pFile );
  OSTRACE(("LOCK    %d %s was %s(%s,%d) pid=%d (unix)\n", pFile->h,
      azFileLock(eFileLock), azFileLock(pFile->eFileLock),
      azFileLock(pFile->pInode->eFileLock), pFile->pInode->nShared , getpid()));

  /* If there is already a lock of this type or more restrictive on the
  ** unixFile, do nothing. Don't use the end_lock: exit path, as
  ** unixEnterMutex() hasn't been called yet.
  */
  if( pFile->eFileLock>=eFileLock ){
    OSTRACE(("LOCK    %d %s ok (already held) (unix)\n", pFile->h,
................................................................................
** remove the write lock on a region when a read lock is set.
*/
static int posixUnlock(sqlite3_file *id, int eFileLock, int handleNFSUnlock){
  unixFile *pFile = (unixFile*)id;
  unixInodeInfo *pInode;
  struct flock lock;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;


  assert( pFile );
  OSTRACE(("UNLOCK  %d %d was %d(%d,%d) pid=%d (unix)\n", pFile->h, eFileLock,
      pFile->eFileLock, pFile->pInode->eFileLock, pFile->pInode->nShared,
      getpid()));

  assert( eFileLock<=SHARED_LOCK );
  if( pFile->eFileLock<=eFileLock ){
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  unixEnterMutex();

  pInode = pFile->pInode;
  assert( pInode->nShared!=0 );
  if( pFile->eFileLock>SHARED_LOCK ){
    assert( pInode->eFileLock==pFile->eFileLock );




#ifndef NDEBUG
    /* When reducing a lock such that other processes can start
    ** reading the database file again, make sure that the
    ** transaction counter was updated if any part of the database
    ** file changed.  If the transaction counter is not updated,
    ** other connections to the same file might not realize that
    ** the file has changed and hence might not know to flush their
    ** cache.  The use of a stale cache can lead to database corruption.
    */





    pFile->inNormalWrite = 0;
#endif

    /* downgrading to a shared lock on NFS involves clearing the write lock
    ** before establishing the readlock - to avoid a race condition we downgrade
    ** the lock in 2 blocks, so that part of the range will be covered by a 
    ** write lock until the rest is covered by a read lock:
................................................................................
    ** the lock.
    */
    pInode->nShared--;
    if( pInode->nShared==0 ){
      lock.l_type = F_UNLCK;
      lock.l_whence = SEEK_SET;
      lock.l_start = lock.l_len = 0L;



      if( unixFileLock(pFile, &lock)==0 ){
        pInode->eFileLock = NO_LOCK;
      }else{
        rc = SQLITE_IOERR_UNLOCK;
	pFile->lastErrno = errno;
        pInode->eFileLock = NO_LOCK;
        pFile->eFileLock = NO_LOCK;
................................................................................
    pShmNode->mutex = sqlite3_mutex_alloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST);
    if( pShmNode->mutex==0 ){
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
      goto shm_open_err;
    }

    if( pInode->bProcessLock==0 ){



      const char *zRO;
      int openFlags = O_RDWR | O_CREAT;
      zRO = sqlite3_uri_parameter(pDbFd->zPath, "readonly_shm");
      if( zRO && sqlite3GetBoolean(zRO) ){


        openFlags = O_RDONLY;
        pShmNode->isReadonly = 1;
      }
      pShmNode->h = robust_open(zShmFilename, openFlags, (sStat.st_mode&0777));
      if( pShmNode->h<0 ){
        if( pShmNode->h<0 ){
          rc = unixLogError(SQLITE_CANTOPEN_BKPT, "open", zShmFilename);
          goto shm_open_err;
        }
      }
  
      /* Check to see if another process is holding the dead-man switch.
................................................................................
  */
#if defined(__APPLE__) && SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE
  assert( zFilename==0 || zFilename[0]=='/' 
    || pVfs->pAppData==(void*)&autolockIoFinder );
#else
  assert( zFilename==0 || zFilename[0]=='/' );
#endif

  /* No locking occurs in temporary files */
  assert( zFilename!=0 || noLock );

  OSTRACE(("OPEN    %-3d %s\n", h, zFilename));
  pNew->h = h;
  pNew->zPath = zFilename;
  if( memcmp(pVfs->zName,"unix-excl",10)==0 ){
    pNew->ctrlFlags = UNIXFILE_EXCL;
  }else{
................................................................................

  else if( pLockingStyle == &dotlockIoMethods ){
    /* Dotfile locking uses the file path so it needs to be included in
    ** the dotlockLockingContext 
    */
    char *zLockFile;
    int nFilename;
    assert( zFilename!=0 );
    nFilename = (int)strlen(zFilename) + 6;
    zLockFile = (char *)sqlite3_malloc(nFilename);
    if( zLockFile==0 ){
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }else{
      sqlite3_snprintf(nFilename, zLockFile, "%s" DOTLOCK_SUFFIX, zFilename);
    }
................................................................................
    ** the following naming conventions:
    **
    **   "<path to db>-journal"
    **   "<path to db>-wal"
    **   "<path to db>-journalNN"
    **   "<path to db>-walNN"
    **
    ** where NN is a decimal number. The NN naming schemes are 
    ** used by the test_multiplex.c module.
    */
    nDb = sqlite3Strlen30(zPath) - 1; 
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_8_3_NAMES
    while( nDb>0 && !sqlite3Isalnum(zPath[nDb]) ) nDb--;
    if( nDb==0 || zPath[nDb]!='-' ) return SQLITE_OK;
#else
    while( zPath[nDb]!='-' ){

      assert( nDb>0 );
      assert( zPath[nDb]!='\n' );
      nDb--;
    }
#endif
    memcpy(zDb, zPath, nDb);
    zDb[nDb] = '\0';

    if( 0==osStat(zDb, &sStat) ){
      *pMode = sStat.st_mode & 0777;
    }else{
      rc = SQLITE_IOERR_FSTAT;
................................................................................
/*
** Find the current time (in Universal Coordinated Time).  Write into *piNow
** the current time and date as a Julian Day number times 86_400_000.  In
** other words, write into *piNow the number of milliseconds since the Julian
** epoch of noon in Greenwich on November 24, 4714 B.C according to the
** proleptic Gregorian calendar.
**
** On success, return SQLITE_OK.  Return SQLITE_ERROR if the time and date 
** cannot be found.
*/
static int unixCurrentTimeInt64(sqlite3_vfs *NotUsed, sqlite3_int64 *piNow){
  static const sqlite3_int64 unixEpoch = 24405875*(sqlite3_int64)8640000;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
#if defined(NO_GETTOD)
  time_t t;
  time(&t);
  *piNow = ((sqlite3_int64)t)*1000 + unixEpoch;
#elif OS_VXWORKS
  struct timespec sNow;
  clock_gettime(CLOCK_REALTIME, &sNow);
  *piNow = unixEpoch + 1000*(sqlite3_int64)sNow.tv_sec + sNow.tv_nsec/1000000;
#else
  struct timeval sNow;
  if( gettimeofday(&sNow, 0)==0 ){
    *piNow = unixEpoch + 1000*(sqlite3_int64)sNow.tv_sec + sNow.tv_usec/1000;
  }else{
    rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
  if( sqlite3_current_time ){
    *piNow = 1000*(sqlite3_int64)sqlite3_current_time + unixEpoch;
  }
#endif
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(NotUsed);
  return rc;
}

/*
** Find the current time (in Universal Coordinated Time).  Write the
** current time and date as a Julian Day number into *prNow and
** return 0.  Return 1 if the time and date cannot be found.
*/
static int unixCurrentTime(sqlite3_vfs *NotUsed, double *prNow){
  sqlite3_int64 i = 0;
  int rc;
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(NotUsed);
  rc = unixCurrentTimeInt64(0, &i);
  *prNow = i/86400000.0;
  return rc;
}

/*
** We added the xGetLastError() method with the intention of providing
** better low-level error messages when operating-system problems come up
** during SQLite operation.  But so far, none of that has been implemented
** in the core.  So this routine is never called.  For now, it is merely
................................................................................
           h, zName, dwDesiredAccess, 
           h==INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE ? "failed" : "ok"));

  if( h==INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE ){
    pFile->lastErrno = GetLastError();
    winLogError(SQLITE_CANTOPEN, "winOpen", zUtf8Name);
    free(zConverted);
    if( isReadWrite && !isExclusive ){
      return winOpen(pVfs, zName, id, 
             ((flags|SQLITE_OPEN_READONLY)&~(SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE|SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE)), pOutFlags);
    }else{
      return SQLITE_CANTOPEN_BKPT;
    }
  }

................................................................................
  free(zConverted);
  return (void*)h;
}
static void winDlError(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, int nBuf, char *zBufOut){
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pVfs);
  getLastErrorMsg(nBuf, zBufOut);
}
static void (*winDlSym(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, void *pHandle, const char *zSymbol))(void){
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pVfs);
#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
  /* The GetProcAddressA() routine is only available on wince. */
  return (void(*)(void))GetProcAddressA((HANDLE)pHandle, zSymbol);
#else
  /* All other windows platforms expect GetProcAddress() to take
  ** an Ansi string regardless of the _UNICODE setting */
  return (void(*)(void))GetProcAddress((HANDLE)pHandle, zSymbol);
#endif
}
static void winDlClose(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, void *pHandle){
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pVfs);
  FreeLibrary((HANDLE)pHandle);
}
#else /* if SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION is defined: */
  #define winDlOpen  0
  #define winDlError 0
  #define winDlSym   0
................................................................................
/*
** Find the current time (in Universal Coordinated Time).  Write into *piNow
** the current time and date as a Julian Day number times 86_400_000.  In
** other words, write into *piNow the number of milliseconds since the Julian
** epoch of noon in Greenwich on November 24, 4714 B.C according to the
** proleptic Gregorian calendar.
**
** On success, return SQLITE_OK.  Return SQLITE_ERROR if the time and date 
** cannot be found.
*/
static int winCurrentTimeInt64(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, sqlite3_int64 *piNow){
  /* FILETIME structure is a 64-bit value representing the number of 
     100-nanosecond intervals since January 1, 1601 (= JD 2305813.5). 
  */
  FILETIME ft;
  static const sqlite3_int64 winFiletimeEpoch = 23058135*(sqlite3_int64)8640000;
................................................................................
      (sqlite3_int64)2000000000 + (sqlite3_int64)2000000000 + (sqlite3_int64)294967296;

#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
  SYSTEMTIME time;
  GetSystemTime(&time);
  /* if SystemTimeToFileTime() fails, it returns zero. */
  if (!SystemTimeToFileTime(&time,&ft)){
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
#else
  GetSystemTimeAsFileTime( &ft );
#endif

  *piNow = winFiletimeEpoch +
            ((((sqlite3_int64)ft.dwHighDateTime)*max32BitValue) + 
................................................................................

#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
  if( sqlite3_current_time ){
    *piNow = 1000*(sqlite3_int64)sqlite3_current_time + unixEpoch;
  }
#endif
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pVfs);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Find the current time (in Universal Coordinated Time).  Write the
** current time and date as a Julian Day number into *prNow and
** return 0.  Return 1 if the time and date cannot be found.
*/
static int winCurrentTime(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, double *prNow){
  int rc;
  sqlite3_int64 i;
  rc = winCurrentTimeInt64(pVfs, &i);
  if( !rc ){
    *prNow = i/86400000.0;
  }
  return rc;
................................................................................


typedef struct PCache1 PCache1;
typedef struct PgHdr1 PgHdr1;
typedef struct PgFreeslot PgFreeslot;
typedef struct PGroup PGroup;




/* Each page cache (or PCache) belongs to a PGroup.  A PGroup is a set 
** of one or more PCaches that are able to recycle each others unpinned
** pages when they are under memory pressure.  A PGroup is an instance of
** the following object.
**
** This page cache implementation works in one of two modes:
................................................................................
struct PGroup {
  sqlite3_mutex *mutex;          /* MUTEX_STATIC_LRU or NULL */
  int nMaxPage;                  /* Sum of nMax for purgeable caches */
  int nMinPage;                  /* Sum of nMin for purgeable caches */
  int mxPinned;                  /* nMaxpage + 10 - nMinPage */
  int nCurrentPage;              /* Number of purgeable pages allocated */
  PgHdr1 *pLruHead, *pLruTail;   /* LRU list of unpinned pages */




};























































/* Each page cache is an instance of the following object.  Every
** open database file (including each in-memory database and each
** temporary or transient database) has a single page cache which
** is an instance of this object.
**
** Pointers to structures of this type are cast and returned as 
** opaque sqlite3_pcache* handles.
................................................................................
** a pointer to a block of szPage bytes of data and the return value is
** a pointer to the associated PgHdr1 structure.
**
**   assert( PGHDR1_TO_PAGE(PAGE_TO_PGHDR1(pCache, X))==X );
*/
#define PGHDR1_TO_PAGE(p)    (void*)(((char*)p) - p->pCache->szPage)
#define PAGE_TO_PGHDR1(c, p) (PgHdr1*)(((char*)p) + c->szPage)












/*
** Macros to enter and leave the PCache LRU mutex.
*/
#define pcache1EnterMutex(X) sqlite3_mutex_enter((X)->mutex)
#define pcache1LeaveMutex(X) sqlite3_mutex_leave((X)->mutex)

................................................................................
    iSize = sqlite3MallocSize(p);
    sqlite3MemdebugSetType(p, MEMTYPE_PCACHE);
    return iSize;
  }
}
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT */

































/*
** Allocate a new page object initially associated with cache pCache.
*/
static PgHdr1 *pcache1AllocPage(PCache1 *pCache){
  int nByte = sizeof(PgHdr1) + pCache->szPage;

  PgHdr1 *p = 0;
  void *pPg;






























































































  /* The group mutex must be released before pcache1Alloc() is called. This
  ** is because it may call sqlite3_release_memory(), which assumes that 
  ** this mutex is not held. */
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCache->pGroup->mutex) );
  pcache1LeaveMutex(pCache->pGroup);
  pPg = pcache1Alloc(nByte);
  pcache1EnterMutex(pCache->pGroup);

  if( pPg ){
    p = PAGE_TO_PGHDR1(pCache, pPg);
    if( pCache->bPurgeable ){
      pCache->pGroup->nCurrentPage++;
    }


  }

  return p;
}

/*
** Free a page object allocated by pcache1AllocPage().
**
** The pointer is allowed to be NULL, which is prudent.  But it turns out
** that the current implementation happens to never call this routine
** with a NULL pointer, so we mark the NULL test with ALWAYS().
*/
static void pcache1FreePage(PgHdr1 *p){
  if( ALWAYS(p) ){
    PCache1 *pCache = p->pCache;








































    assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(p->pCache->pGroup->mutex) );
    pcache1Free(PGHDR1_TO_PAGE(p));

    if( pCache->bPurgeable ){
      pCache->pGroup->nCurrentPage--;
    }
  }
}

/*
................................................................................
**
** nReq is the number of bytes of memory required. Once this much has
** been released, the function returns. The return value is the total number 
** of bytes of memory released.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PcacheReleaseMemory(int nReq){
  int nFree = 0;



  assert( sqlite3_mutex_notheld(pcache1.grp.mutex) );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_notheld(pcache1.mutex) );
  if( pcache1.pStart==0 ){
    PgHdr1 *p;
    pcache1EnterMutex(&pcache1.grp);
    while( (nReq<0 || nFree<nReq) && ((p=pcache1.grp.pLruTail)!=0) ){
      nFree += pcache1MemSize(PGHDR1_TO_PAGE(p));
................................................................................
  u8 noSync;                  /* Do not sync the journal if true */
  u8 fullSync;                /* Do extra syncs of the journal for robustness */
  u8 ckptSyncFlags;           /* SYNC_NORMAL or SYNC_FULL for checkpoint */
  u8 syncFlags;               /* SYNC_NORMAL or SYNC_FULL otherwise */
  u8 tempFile;                /* zFilename is a temporary file */
  u8 readOnly;                /* True for a read-only database */
  u8 memDb;                   /* True to inhibit all file I/O */


  /**************************************************************************
  ** The following block contains those class members that change during
  ** routine opertion.  Class members not in this block are either fixed
  ** when the pager is first created or else only change when there is a
  ** significant mode change (such as changing the page_size, locking_mode,
  ** or the journal_mode).  From another view, these class members describe
................................................................................
  int pageSize;               /* Number of bytes in a page */
  Pgno mxPgno;                /* Maximum allowed size of the database */
  i64 journalSizeLimit;       /* Size limit for persistent journal files */
  char *zFilename;            /* Name of the database file */
  char *zJournal;             /* Name of the journal file */
  int (*xBusyHandler)(void*); /* Function to call when busy */
  void *pBusyHandlerArg;      /* Context argument for xBusyHandler */
  int nHit, nMiss;            /* Total cache hits and misses */
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST

  int nRead, nWrite;          /* Database pages read/written */
#endif
  void (*xReiniter)(DbPage*); /* Call this routine when reloading pages */
#ifdef SQLITE_HAS_CODEC
  void *(*xCodec)(void*,void*,Pgno,int); /* Routine for en/decoding data */
  void (*xCodecSizeChng)(void*,int,int); /* Notify of page size changes */
  void (*xCodecFree)(void*);             /* Destructor for the codec */
................................................................................
      if( needPagerReset ){
        pager_reset(pPager);
        needPagerReset = 0;
      }
      rc = pager_playback_one_page(pPager,&pPager->journalOff,0,1,0);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        if( rc==SQLITE_DONE ){

          pPager->journalOff = szJ;
          break;
        }else if( rc==SQLITE_IOERR_SHORT_READ ){
          /* If the journal has been truncated, simply stop reading and
          ** processing the journal. This might happen if the journal was
          ** not completely written and synced prior to a crash.  In that
          ** case, the database should have never been written in the
................................................................................
){
  int rc;                         /* Return code */
#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) || defined(SQLITE_CHECK_PAGES)
  PgHdr *p;                       /* For looping over pages */
#endif

  assert( pPager->pWal );
  assert( pList );
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  /* Verify that the page list is in accending order */
  for(p=pList; p && p->pDirty; p=p->pDirty){
    assert( p->pgno < p->pDirty->pgno );
  }
#endif

................................................................................
  ** pages belonging to the same sector.
  **
  ** The doNotSpill flag inhibits all cache spilling regardless of whether
  ** or not a sync is required.  This is set during a rollback.
  **
  ** Spilling is also prohibited when in an error state since that could
  ** lead to database corruption.   In the current implementaton it 
  ** is impossible for sqlite3PcacheFetch() to be called with createFlag==1
  ** while in the error state, hence it is impossible for this routine to
  ** be called in the error state.  Nevertheless, we include a NEVER()
  ** test for the error state as a safeguard against future changes.
  */

  if( NEVER(pPager->errCode) ) return SQLITE_OK;
  if( pPager->doNotSpill ) return SQLITE_OK;
  if( pPager->doNotSyncSpill && (pPg->flags & PGHDR_NEED_SYNC)!=0 ){
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

  pPg->pDirty = 0;
................................................................................
  assert( (*ppPage)->pgno==pgno );
  assert( (*ppPage)->pPager==pPager || (*ppPage)->pPager==0 );

  if( (*ppPage)->pPager && !noContent ){
    /* In this case the pcache already contains an initialized copy of
    ** the page. Return without further ado.  */
    assert( pgno<=PAGER_MAX_PGNO && pgno!=PAGER_MJ_PGNO(pPager) );
    pPager->nHit++;
    return SQLITE_OK;

  }else{
    /* The pager cache has created a new page. Its content needs to 
    ** be initialized.  */


    pPg = *ppPage;
    pPg->pPager = pPager;

    /* The maximum page number is 2^31. Return SQLITE_CORRUPT if a page
    ** number greater than this, or the unused locking-page, is requested. */
    if( pgno>PAGER_MAX_PGNO || pgno==PAGER_MJ_PGNO(pPager) ){
      rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
................................................................................
        testcase( rc==SQLITE_NOMEM );
        sqlite3EndBenignMalloc();
      }
      memset(pPg->pData, 0, pPager->pageSize);
      IOTRACE(("ZERO %p %d\n", pPager, pgno));
    }else{
      assert( pPg->pPager==pPager );
      pPager->nMiss++;
      rc = readDbPage(pPg);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        goto pager_acquire_err;
      }
    }
    pager_set_pagehash(pPg);
  }
................................................................................
  a[7] = pPager->nMiss;
  a[8] = 0;  /* Used to be pPager->nOvfl */
  a[9] = pPager->nRead;
  a[10] = pPager->nWrite;
  return a;
}
#endif

/*
** Parameter eStat must be either SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_HIT or
** SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_MISS. Before returning, *pnVal is incremented by the
** current cache hit or miss count, according to the value of eStat. If the 
** reset parameter is non-zero, the cache hit or miss count is zeroed before 
** returning.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PagerCacheStat(Pager *pPager, int eStat, int reset, int *pnVal){
  int *piStat;

  assert( eStat==SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_HIT
       || eStat==SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_MISS
  );
  if( eStat==SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_HIT ){
    piStat = &pPager->nHit;
  }else{
    piStat = &pPager->nMiss;
  }

  *pnVal += *piStat;
  if( reset ){
    *piStat = 0;
  }
}

/*
** Return true if this is an in-memory pager.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerIsMemdb(Pager *pPager){
  return MEMDB;
}
................................................................................
      rc = sqlite3WalClose(pPager->pWal, pPager->ckptSyncFlags,
                           pPager->pageSize, (u8*)pPager->pTmpSpace);
      pPager->pWal = 0;
    }
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Unless this is an in-memory or temporary database, clear the pager cache.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PagerClearCache(Pager *pPager){
  if( !MEMDB && pPager->tempFile==0 ) pager_reset(pPager);
}

#ifdef SQLITE_HAS_CODEC
/*
** This function is called by the wal module when writing page content
** into the log file.
**
** This function returns a pointer to a buffer containing the encrypted
................................................................................
  /* If iRead is non-zero, then it is the log frame number that contains the
  ** required page. Read and return data from the log file.
  */
  if( iRead ){
    int sz;
    i64 iOffset;
    sz = pWal->hdr.szPage;
    sz = (sz&0xfe00) + ((sz&0x0001)<<16);
    testcase( sz<=32768 );
    testcase( sz>=65536 );
    iOffset = walFrameOffset(iRead, sz) + WAL_FRAME_HDRSIZE;
    *pInWal = 1;
    /* testcase( IS_BIG_INT(iOffset) ); // requires a 4GiB WAL */
    return sqlite3OsRead(pWal->pWalFd, pOut, nOut, iOffset);
  }
................................................................................
  ** If this Btree is a candidate for shared cache, try to find an
  ** existing BtShared object that we can share with
  */
  if( isMemdb==0 && isTempDb==0 ){
    if( vfsFlags & SQLITE_OPEN_SHAREDCACHE ){
      int nFullPathname = pVfs->mxPathname+1;
      char *zFullPathname = sqlite3Malloc(nFullPathname);
      MUTEX_LOGIC( sqlite3_mutex *mutexShared; )
      p->sharable = 1;
      if( !zFullPathname ){
        sqlite3_free(p);
        return SQLITE_NOMEM;
      }
      sqlite3OsFullPathname(pVfs, zFilename, nFullPathname, zFullPathname);
#if SQLITE_THREADSAFE
      mutexOpen = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_OPEN);
      sqlite3_mutex_enter(mutexOpen);
      mutexShared = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER);
      sqlite3_mutex_enter(mutexShared);
#endif
      for(pBt=GLOBAL(BtShared*,sqlite3SharedCacheList); pBt; pBt=pBt->pNext){
        assert( pBt->nRef>0 );
        if( 0==strcmp(zFullPathname, sqlite3PagerFilename(pBt->pPager))
                 && sqlite3PagerVfs(pBt->pPager)==pVfs ){
          int iDb;
          for(iDb=db->nDb-1; iDb>=0; iDb--){
            Btree *pExisting = db->aDb[iDb].pBt;
................................................................................
    pBt->usableSize = pBt->pageSize - nReserve;
    assert( (pBt->pageSize & 7)==0 );  /* 8-byte alignment of pageSize */
   
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_DISKIO)
    /* Add the new BtShared object to the linked list sharable BtShareds.
    */
    if( p->sharable ){
      MUTEX_LOGIC( sqlite3_mutex *mutexShared; )
      pBt->nRef = 1;
      MUTEX_LOGIC( mutexShared = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER);)
      if( SQLITE_THREADSAFE && sqlite3GlobalConfig.bCoreMutex ){
        pBt->mutex = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST);
        if( pBt->mutex==0 ){
          rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
          db->mallocFailed = 0;
          goto btree_open_out;
        }
................................................................................
** Decrement the BtShared.nRef counter.  When it reaches zero,
** remove the BtShared structure from the sharing list.  Return
** true if the BtShared.nRef counter reaches zero and return
** false if it is still positive.
*/
static int removeFromSharingList(BtShared *pBt){
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE
  MUTEX_LOGIC( sqlite3_mutex *pMaster; )
  BtShared *pList;
  int removed = 0;

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_notheld(pBt->mutex) );
  MUTEX_LOGIC( pMaster = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER); )
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(pMaster);
  pBt->nRef--;
  if( pBt->nRef<=0 ){
    if( GLOBAL(BtShared*,sqlite3SharedCacheList)==pBt ){
      GLOBAL(BtShared*,sqlite3SharedCacheList) = pBt->pNext;
    }else{
      pList = GLOBAL(BtShared*,sqlite3SharedCacheList);
................................................................................
#endif
          rc = getOverflowPage(pBt, nextPage, 0, &nextPage);
        offset -= ovflSize;
      }else{
        /* Need to read this page properly. It contains some of the
        ** range of data that is being read (eOp==0) or written (eOp!=0).
        */
#ifdef SQLITE_DIRECT_OVERFLOW_READ
        sqlite3_file *fd;
#endif
        int a = amt;
        if( a + offset > ovflSize ){
          a = ovflSize - offset;
        }

#ifdef SQLITE_DIRECT_OVERFLOW_READ
        /* If all the following are true:
        **
        **   1) this is a read operation, and 
        **   2) data is required from the start of this overflow page, and
        **   3) the database is file-backed, and
        **   4) there is no open write-transaction, and
        **   5) the database is not a WAL database,
        **
        ** then data can be read directly from the database file into the
        ** output buffer, bypassing the page-cache altogether. This speeds
        ** up loading large records that span many overflow pages.
        */
        if( eOp==0                                             /* (1) */
         && offset==0                                          /* (2) */
         && pBt->inTransaction==TRANS_READ                     /* (4) */
         && (fd = sqlite3PagerFile(pBt->pPager))->pMethods     /* (3) */
         && pBt->pPage1->aData[19]==0x01                       /* (5) */
        ){
          u8 aSave[4];
          u8 *aWrite = &pBuf[-4];
          memcpy(aSave, aWrite, 4);
          rc = sqlite3OsRead(fd, aWrite, a+4, pBt->pageSize * (nextPage-1));
          nextPage = get4byte(aWrite);
          memcpy(aWrite, aSave, 4);
        }else
#endif

        {
          DbPage *pDbPage;
          rc = sqlite3PagerGet(pBt->pPager, nextPage, &pDbPage);
          if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
            aPayload = sqlite3PagerGetData(pDbPage);
            nextPage = get4byte(aPayload);



            rc = copyPayload(&aPayload[offset+4], pBuf, a, eOp, pDbPage);
            sqlite3PagerUnref(pDbPage);
            offset = 0;
          }
        }
        amt -= a;
        pBuf += a;

      }
    }
  }

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && amt>0 ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }
................................................................................
          c = sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(nCell, pCellKey, pIdxKey);
          sqlite3_free(pCellKey);
        }
      }
      if( c==0 ){
        if( pPage->intKey && !pPage->leaf ){
          lwr = idx;

          break;
        }else{
          *pRes = 0;
          rc = SQLITE_OK;
          goto moveto_finish;
        }
      }
................................................................................
        upr = idx-1;
      }
      if( lwr>upr ){
        break;
      }
      pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage] = (u16)(idx = (lwr+upr)/2);
    }
    assert( lwr==upr+1 || (pPage->intKey && !pPage->leaf) );
    assert( pPage->isInit );
    if( pPage->leaf ){
      chldPg = 0;
    }else if( lwr>=pPage->nCell ){
      chldPg = get4byte(&pPage->aData[pPage->hdrOffset+8]);
    }else{
      chldPg = get4byte(findCell(pPage, lwr));
................................................................................
      }else{
        rc = btreeGetPage(pBt, iTrunk, &pTrunk, 0);
      }
      if( rc ){
        pTrunk = 0;
        goto end_allocate_page;
      }
      assert( pTrunk!=0 );
      assert( pTrunk->aData!=0 );

      k = get4byte(&pTrunk->aData[4]); /* # of leaves on this trunk page */
      if( k==0 && !searchList ){
        /* The trunk has no leaves and the list is not being searched. 
        ** So extract the trunk page itself and use it as the newly 
        ** allocated page */
        assert( pPrevTrunk==0 );
................................................................................
      /* Drop the cell from the parent page. apDiv[i] still points to
      ** the cell within the parent, even though it has been dropped.
      ** This is safe because dropping a cell only overwrites the first
      ** four bytes of it, and this function does not need the first
      ** four bytes of the divider cell. So the pointer is safe to use
      ** later on.  
      **
      ** But not if we are in secure-delete mode. In secure-delete mode,
      ** the dropCell() routine will overwrite the entire cell with zeroes.
      ** In this case, temporarily copy the cell into the aOvflSpace[]
      ** buffer. It will be copied out again as soon as the aSpace[] buffer
      ** is allocated.  */
      if( pBt->secureDelete ){
        int iOff;

        iOff = SQLITE_PTR_TO_INT(apDiv[i]) - SQLITE_PTR_TO_INT(pParent->aData);
        if( (iOff+szNew[i])>(int)pBt->usableSize ){
          rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
          memset(apOld, 0, (i+1)*sizeof(MemPage*));
          goto balance_cleanup;
        }else{
          memcpy(&aOvflSpace[iOff], apDiv[i], szNew[i]);
          apDiv[i] = &aOvflSpace[apDiv[i]-pParent->aData];
................................................................................
    k = 0;                             /* Current 'new' sibling page */
    for(i=0; i<nCell; i++){
      int isDivider = 0;
      while( i==iNextOld ){
        /* Cell i is the cell immediately following the last cell on old
        ** sibling page j. If the siblings are not leaf pages of an
        ** intkey b-tree, then cell i was a divider cell. */
        assert( j+1 < ArraySize(apCopy) );
        pOld = apCopy[++j];
        iNextOld = i + !leafData + pOld->nCell + pOld->nOverflow;
        if( pOld->nOverflow ){
          nOverflow = pOld->nOverflow;
          iOverflow = i + !leafData + pOld->aOvfl[0].idx;
        }
        isDivider = !leafData;  
................................................................................
}

/*
** Release all resources associated with an sqlite3_backup* handle.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_backup_finish(sqlite3_backup *p){
  sqlite3_backup **pp;                 /* Ptr to head of pagers backup list */
  MUTEX_LOGIC( sqlite3_mutex *mutex; ) /* Mutex to protect source database */
  int rc;                              /* Value to return */

  /* Enter the mutexes */
  if( p==0 ) return SQLITE_OK;
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(p->pSrcDb->mutex);
  sqlite3BtreeEnter(p->pSrc);
  MUTEX_LOGIC( mutex = p->pSrcDb->mutex; )
  if( p->pDestDb ){
    sqlite3_mutex_enter(p->pDestDb->mutex);
  }

  /* Detach this backup from the source pager. */
  if( p->pDestDb ){
    p->pSrc->nBackup--;
................................................................................
**
** The size of file pTo may be reduced by this operation. If anything 
** goes wrong, the transaction on pTo is rolled back. If successful, the 
** transaction is committed before returning.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeCopyFile(Btree *pTo, Btree *pFrom){
  int rc;
  sqlite3_file *pFd;              /* File descriptor for database pTo */
  sqlite3_backup b;
  sqlite3BtreeEnter(pTo);
  sqlite3BtreeEnter(pFrom);

  assert( sqlite3BtreeIsInTrans(pTo) );
  pFd = sqlite3PagerFile(sqlite3BtreePager(pTo));
  if( pFd->pMethods ){
    i64 nByte = sqlite3BtreeGetPageSize(pFrom)*(i64)sqlite3BtreeLastPage(pFrom);
    sqlite3OsFileControl(pFd, SQLITE_FCNTL_OVERWRITE, &nByte);
  }

  /* Set up an sqlite3_backup object. sqlite3_backup.pDestDb must be set
  ** to 0. This is used by the implementations of sqlite3_backup_step()
  ** and sqlite3_backup_finish() to detect that they are being called
  ** from this function, not directly by the user.
  */
  memset(&b, 0, sizeof(b));
................................................................................
  ** or an error code.
  */
  sqlite3_backup_step(&b, 0x7FFFFFFF);
  assert( b.rc!=SQLITE_OK );
  rc = sqlite3_backup_finish(&b);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    pTo->pBt->pageSizeFixed = 0;
  }else{
    sqlite3PagerClearCache(sqlite3BtreePager(b.pDest));
  }

  assert( sqlite3BtreeIsInTrans(pTo)==0 );
  sqlite3BtreeLeave(pFrom);
  sqlite3BtreeLeave(pTo);
  return rc;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VACUUM */

/************** End of backup.c **********************************************/
................................................................................

  if( !pExpr ){
    *ppVal = 0;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  op = pExpr->op;

  /* op can only be TK_REGISTER if we have compiled with SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3.
  ** The ifdef here is to enable us to achieve 100% branch test coverage even
  ** when SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 is omitted.
  */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
  if( op==TK_REGISTER ) op = pExpr->op2;
#else
  if( NEVER(op==TK_REGISTER) ) op = pExpr->op2;
#endif

  /* Handle negative integers in a single step.  This is needed in the
  ** case when the value is -9223372036854775808.
................................................................................
}

/*
** Change the P2 operand of instruction addr so that it points to
** the address of the next instruction to be coded.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(Vdbe *p, int addr){
  assert( addr>=0 || p->db->mallocFailed );
  if( addr>=0 ) sqlite3VdbeChangeP2(p, addr, p->nOp);
}


/*
** If the input FuncDef structure is ephemeral, then free it.  If
** the FuncDef is not ephermal, then do nothing.
*/
................................................................................
#ifndef NDEBUG
/*
** Change the comment on the the most recently coded instruction.  Or
** insert a No-op and add the comment to that new instruction.  This
** makes the code easier to read during debugging.  None of this happens
** in a production build.
*/
static void vdbeVComment(Vdbe *p, const char *zFormat, va_list ap){


  assert( p->nOp>0 || p->aOp==0 );
  assert( p->aOp==0 || p->aOp[p->nOp-1].zComment==0 || p->db->mallocFailed );
  if( p->nOp ){
    assert( p->aOp );
    sqlite3DbFree(p->db, p->aOp[p->nOp-1].zComment);
    p->aOp[p->nOp-1].zComment = sqlite3VMPrintf(p->db, zFormat, ap);
  }
}
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeComment(Vdbe *p, const char *zFormat, ...){
  va_list ap;
  if( p ){
    va_start(ap, zFormat);

    vdbeVComment(p, zFormat, ap);
    va_end(ap);
  }
}
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeNoopComment(Vdbe *p, const char *zFormat, ...){
  va_list ap;
  if( p ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(p, OP_Noop);




    va_start(ap, zFormat);

    vdbeVComment(p, zFormat, ap);
    va_end(ap);
  }
}
#endif  /* NDEBUG */

/*
** Return the opcode for a given address.  If the address is -1, then
................................................................................
  int nRow;                            /* Stop when row count reaches this */
  int nSub = 0;                        /* Number of sub-vdbes seen so far */
  SubProgram **apSub = 0;              /* Array of sub-vdbes */
  Mem *pSub = 0;                       /* Memory cell hold array of subprogs */
  sqlite3 *db = p->db;                 /* The database connection */
  int i;                               /* Loop counter */
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;                  /* Return code */
  Mem *pMem = &p->aMem[1];             /* First Mem of result set */

  assert( p->explain );
  assert( p->magic==VDBE_MAGIC_RUN );
  assert( p->rc==SQLITE_OK || p->rc==SQLITE_BUSY || p->rc==SQLITE_NOMEM );

  /* Even though this opcode does not use dynamic strings for
  ** the result, result columns may become dynamic if the user calls
  ** sqlite3_column_text16(), causing a translation to UTF-16 encoding.
  */
  releaseMemArray(pMem, 8);
  p->pResultSet = 0;

  if( p->rc==SQLITE_NOMEM ){
    /* This happens if a malloc() inside a call to sqlite3_column_text() or
    ** sqlite3_column_text16() failed.  */
    db->mallocFailed = 1;
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
................................................................................
      {
        pMem->flags = MEM_Null;                       /* Comment */
        pMem->type = SQLITE_NULL;
      }
    }

    p->nResColumn = 8 - 4*(p->explain-1);
    p->pResultSet = &p->aMem[1];
    p->rc = SQLITE_OK;
    rc = SQLITE_ROW;
  }
  return rc;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN */

................................................................................
/*
** Each VDBE holds the result of the most recent sqlite3_step() call
** in p->rc.  This routine sets that result back to SQLITE_OK.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeResetStepResult(Vdbe *p){
  p->rc = SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Copy the error code and error message belonging to the VDBE passed
** as the first argument to its database handle (so that they will be 
** returned by calls to sqlite3_errcode() and sqlite3_errmsg()).
**
** This function does not clear the VDBE error code or message, just
** copies them to the database handle.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeTransferError(Vdbe *p){
  sqlite3 *db = p->db;
  int rc = p->rc;
  if( p->zErrMsg ){
    u8 mallocFailed = db->mallocFailed;
    sqlite3BeginBenignMalloc();
    sqlite3ValueSetStr(db->pErr, -1, p->zErrMsg, SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
    sqlite3EndBenignMalloc();
    db->mallocFailed = mallocFailed;
    db->errCode = rc;
  }else{
    sqlite3Error(db, rc, 0);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Clean up a VDBE after execution but do not delete the VDBE just yet.
** Write any error messages into *pzErrMsg.  Return the result code.
**
** After this routine is run, the VDBE should be ready to be executed
** again.
................................................................................

  /* If the VDBE has be run even partially, then transfer the error code
  ** and error message from the VDBE into the main database structure.  But
  ** if the VDBE has just been set to run but has not actually executed any
  ** instructions yet, leave the main database error information unchanged.
  */
  if( p->pc>=0 ){
    sqlite3VdbeTransferError(p);




    sqlite3DbFree(db, p->zErrMsg);
    p->zErrMsg = 0;





    if( p->runOnlyOnce ) p->expired = 1;
  }else if( p->rc && p->expired ){
    /* The expired flag was set on the VDBE before the first call
    ** to sqlite3_step(). For consistency (since sqlite3_step() was
    ** called), set the database error in this case as well.
    */
    sqlite3Error(db, p->rc, 0);
................................................................................

  /* Get the size of the index entry.  Only indices entries of less
  ** than 2GiB are support - anything large must be database corruption.
  ** Any corruption is detected in sqlite3BtreeParseCellPtr(), though, so
  ** this code can safely assume that nCellKey is 32-bits  
  */
  assert( sqlite3BtreeCursorIsValid(pCur) );
  VVA_ONLY(rc =) sqlite3BtreeKeySize(pCur, &nCellKey);
  assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );     /* pCur is always valid so KeySize cannot fail */
  assert( (nCellKey & SQLITE_MAX_U32)==(u64)nCellKey );

  /* Read in the complete content of the index entry */
  memset(&m, 0, sizeof(m));
  rc = sqlite3VdbeMemFromBtree(pCur, 0, (int)nCellKey, 1, &m);
  if( rc ){
................................................................................
){
  i64 nCellKey = 0;
  int rc;
  BtCursor *pCur = pC->pCursor;
  Mem m;

  assert( sqlite3BtreeCursorIsValid(pCur) );
  VVA_ONLY(rc =) sqlite3BtreeKeySize(pCur, &nCellKey);
  assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );    /* pCur is always valid so KeySize cannot fail */
  /* nCellKey will always be between 0 and 0xffffffff because of the say
  ** that btreeParseCellPtr() and sqlite3GetVarint32() are implemented */
  if( nCellKey<=0 || nCellKey>0x7fffffff ){
    *res = 0;
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }
................................................................................
  );
  assert( p->rc!=SQLITE_ROW && p->rc!=SQLITE_DONE );
  if( p->isPrepareV2 && rc!=SQLITE_ROW && rc!=SQLITE_DONE ){
    /* If this statement was prepared using sqlite3_prepare_v2(), and an
    ** error has occured, then return the error code in p->rc to the
    ** caller. Set the error code in the database handle to the same value.
    */ 
    rc = sqlite3VdbeTransferError(p);
  }
  return (rc&db->errMask);
}

/*
** The maximum number of times that a statement will try to reparse
** itself before giving up and returning SQLITE_SCHEMA.
................................................................................
    if( u.am.pC->nullRow ){
      u.am.payloadSize = 0;
    }else if( u.am.pC->cacheStatus==p->cacheCtr ){
      u.am.payloadSize = u.am.pC->payloadSize;
      u.am.zRec = (char*)u.am.pC->aRow;
    }else if( u.am.pC->isIndex ){
      assert( sqlite3BtreeCursorIsValid(u.am.pCrsr) );
      VVA_ONLY(rc =) sqlite3BtreeKeySize(u.am.pCrsr, &u.am.payloadSize64);
      assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );   /* True because of CursorMoveto() call above */
      /* sqlite3BtreeParseCellPtr() uses getVarint32() to extract the
      ** payload size, so it is impossible for u.am.payloadSize64 to be
      ** larger than 32 bits. */
      assert( (u.am.payloadSize64 & SQLITE_MAX_U32)==(u64)u.am.payloadSize64 );
      u.am.payloadSize = (u32)u.am.payloadSize64;
    }else{
      assert( sqlite3BtreeCursorIsValid(u.am.pCrsr) );
      VVA_ONLY(rc =) sqlite3BtreeDataSize(u.am.pCrsr, &u.am.payloadSize);
      assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );   /* DataSize() cannot fail */
    }
  }else if( ALWAYS(u.am.pC->pseudoTableReg>0) ){
    u.am.pReg = &aMem[u.am.pC->pseudoTableReg];
    assert( u.am.pReg->flags & MEM_Blob );
    assert( memIsValid(u.am.pReg) );
    u.am.payloadSize = u.am.pReg->n;
................................................................................
  */
  assert( u.bk.pC->deferredMoveto==0 );
  rc = sqlite3VdbeCursorMoveto(u.bk.pC);
  if( NEVER(rc!=SQLITE_OK) ) goto abort_due_to_error;

  if( u.bk.pC->isIndex ){
    assert( !u.bk.pC->isTable );
    VVA_ONLY(rc =) sqlite3BtreeKeySize(u.bk.pCrsr, &u.bk.n64);
    assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );    /* True because of CursorMoveto() call above */
    if( u.bk.n64>db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_LENGTH] ){
      goto too_big;
    }
    u.bk.n = (u32)u.bk.n64;
  }else{
    VVA_ONLY(rc =) sqlite3BtreeDataSize(u.bk.pCrsr, &u.bk.n);
    assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );    /* DataSize() cannot fail */
    if( u.bk.n>(u32)db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_LENGTH] ){
      goto too_big;
    }
  }
  if( sqlite3VdbeMemGrow(pOut, u.bk.n, 0) ){
    goto no_mem;
................................................................................
  int res;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.bn */

  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  u.bn.pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( u.bn.pC!=0 );
  u.bn.pCrsr = u.bn.pC->pCursor;

  u.bn.res = 0;

  if( ALWAYS(u.bn.pCrsr!=0) ){
    rc = sqlite3BtreeLast(u.bn.pCrsr, &u.bn.res);
  }
  u.bn.pC->nullRow = (u8)u.bn.res;
  u.bn.pC->deferredMoveto = 0;
  u.bn.pC->rowidIsValid = 0;
  u.bn.pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
  if( pOp->p2>0 && u.bn.res ){
................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
  u.ch.zFilename = sqlite3PagerFilename(u.ch.pPager);

  /* Do not allow a transition to journal_mode=WAL for a database
  ** in temporary storage or if the VFS does not support shared memory
  */
  if( u.ch.eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL
   && (sqlite3Strlen30(u.ch.zFilename)==0           /* Temp file */
       || !sqlite3PagerWalSupported(u.ch.pPager))   /* No shared-memory support */
  ){
    u.ch.eNew = u.ch.eOld;
  }

  if( (u.ch.eNew!=u.ch.eOld)
   && (u.ch.eOld==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL || u.ch.eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL)
................................................................................

  u.co.pVtab = pOp->p4.pVtab->pVtab;
  u.co.pName = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  assert( u.co.pVtab->pModule->xRename );
  assert( memIsValid(u.co.pName) );
  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p1, u.co.pName);
  assert( u.co.pName->flags & MEM_Str );
  testcase( u.co.pName->enc==SQLITE_UTF8 );
  testcase( u.co.pName->enc==SQLITE_UTF16BE );
  testcase( u.co.pName->enc==SQLITE_UTF16LE );
  rc = sqlite3VdbeChangeEncoding(u.co.pName, SQLITE_UTF8);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = u.co.pVtab->pModule->xRename(u.co.pVtab, u.co.pName->z);
    importVtabErrMsg(p, u.co.pVtab);
    p->expired = 0;
  }
  break;
}
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
/* Opcode: VUpdate P1 P2 P3 P4 *
**
................................................................................
  ** allowing it to be repopulated by the memcpy() on the following line.
  */
  ExprSetProperty(pExpr, EP_Static);
  sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pExpr);
  memcpy(pExpr, pDup, sizeof(*pExpr));
  sqlite3DbFree(db, pDup);
}


/*
** Return TRUE if the name zCol occurs anywhere in the USING clause.
**
** Return FALSE if the USING clause is NULL or if it does not contain
** zCol.
*/
static int nameInUsingClause(IdList *pUsing, const char *zCol){
  if( pUsing ){
    int k;
    for(k=0; k<pUsing->nId; k++){
      if( sqlite3StrICmp(pUsing->a[k].zName, zCol)==0 ) return 1;
    }
  }
  return 0;
}


/*
** Given the name of a column of the form X.Y.Z or Y.Z or just Z, look up
** that name in the set of source tables in pSrcList and make the pExpr 
** expression node refer back to that source column.  The following changes
** are made to pExpr:
**
................................................................................
          pExpr->iTable = pItem->iCursor;
          pExpr->pTab = pTab;
          pSchema = pTab->pSchema;
          pMatch = pItem;
        }
        for(j=0, pCol=pTab->aCol; j<pTab->nCol; j++, pCol++){
          if( sqlite3StrICmp(pCol->zName, zCol)==0 ){
            /* If there has been exactly one prior match and this match
            ** is for the right-hand table of a NATURAL JOIN or is in a 
            ** USING clause, then skip this match.
            */
            if( cnt==1 ){
              if( pItem->jointype & JT_NATURAL ) continue;
              if( nameInUsingClause(pItem->pUsing, zCol) ) continue;
            }
            cnt++;
            pExpr->iTable = pItem->iCursor;
            pExpr->pTab = pTab;
            pMatch = pItem;
            pSchema = pTab->pSchema;
            /* Substitute the rowid (column -1) for the INTEGER PRIMARY KEY */
            pExpr->iColumn = j==pTab->iPKey ? -1 : (i16)j;




















            break;
          }
        }
      }
    }

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
................................................................................
    if( pToken ){
      if( nExtra==0 ){
        pNew->flags |= EP_IntValue;
        pNew->u.iValue = iValue;
      }else{
        int c;
        pNew->u.zToken = (char*)&pNew[1];
        assert( pToken->z!=0 || pToken->n==0 );
        if( pToken->n ) memcpy(pNew->u.zToken, pToken->z, pToken->n);
        pNew->u.zToken[pToken->n] = 0;
        if( dequote && nExtra>=3 
             && ((c = pToken->z[0])=='\'' || c=='"' || c=='[' || c=='`') ){
          sqlite3Dequote(pNew->u.zToken);
          if( c=='"' ) pNew->flags |= EP_DblQuoted;
        }
      }
................................................................................
  /* Check to see if an existing table or index can be used to
  ** satisfy the query.  This is preferable to generating a new 
  ** ephemeral table.
  */
  p = (ExprHasProperty(pX, EP_xIsSelect) ? pX->x.pSelect : 0);
  if( ALWAYS(pParse->nErr==0) && isCandidateForInOpt(p) ){
    sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;              /* Database connection */


    Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);      /* Virtual machine being coded */
    Table *pTab;                           /* Table <table>. */
    Expr *pExpr;                           /* Expression <column> */
    int iCol;                              /* Index of column <column> */
    int iDb;                               /* Database idx for pTab */

    assert( p );                        /* Because of isCandidateForInOpt(p) */
    assert( p->pEList!=0 );             /* Because of isCandidateForInOpt(p) */
    assert( p->pEList->a[0].pExpr!=0 ); /* Because of isCandidateForInOpt(p) */
    assert( p->pSrc!=0 );               /* Because of isCandidateForInOpt(p) */
    pTab = p->pSrc->a[0].pTab;
    pExpr = p->pEList->a[0].pExpr;
    iCol = pExpr->iColumn;
   
    /* Code an OP_VerifyCookie and OP_TableLock for <table>. */
    iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pTab->pSchema);
    sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iDb);
    sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDb, pTab->tnum, 0, pTab->zName);

    /* This function is only called from two places. In both cases the vdbe
................................................................................
  if( pA->iTable!=pB->iTable || pA->iColumn!=pB->iColumn ) return 2;
  if( ExprHasProperty(pA, EP_IntValue) ){
    if( !ExprHasProperty(pB, EP_IntValue) || pA->u.iValue!=pB->u.iValue ){
      return 2;
    }
  }else if( pA->op!=TK_COLUMN && pA->u.zToken ){
    if( ExprHasProperty(pB, EP_IntValue) || NEVER(pB->u.zToken==0) ) return 2;
    if( strcmp(pA->u.zToken,pB->u.zToken)!=0 ){
      return 2;
    }
  }
  if( (pA->flags & EP_ExpCollate)!=(pB->flags & EP_ExpCollate) ) return 1;
  if( (pA->flags & EP_ExpCollate)!=0 && pA->pColl!=pB->pColl ) return 2;
  return 0;
}
................................................................................
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains code associated with the ANALYZE command.
**
** The ANALYZE command gather statistics about the content of tables
** and indices.  These statistics are made available to the query planner
** to help it make better decisions about how to perform queries.
**
** The following system tables are or have been supported:
**
**    CREATE TABLE sqlite_stat1(tbl, idx, stat);
**    CREATE TABLE sqlite_stat2(tbl, idx, sampleno, sample);
**    CREATE TABLE sqlite_stat3(tbl, idx, nEq, nLt, nDLt, sample);
**
** Additional tables might be added in future releases of SQLite.
** The sqlite_stat2 table is not created or used unless the SQLite version
** is between 3.6.18 and 3.7.8, inclusive, and unless SQLite is compiled
** with SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2.  The sqlite_stat2 table is deprecated.
** The sqlite_stat2 table is superceded by sqlite_stat3, which is only
** created and used by SQLite versions 3.7.9 and later and with
** SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 defined.  The fucntionality of sqlite_stat3
** is a superset of sqlite_stat2.  
**
** Format of sqlite_stat1:
**
** There is normally one row per index, with the index identified by the
** name in the idx column.  The tbl column is the name of the table to
** which the index belongs.  In each such row, the stat column will be
** a string consisting of a list of integers.  The first integer in this
** list is the number of rows in the index and in the table.  The second
** integer is the average number of rows in the index that have the same
** value in the first column of the index.  The third integer is the average
** number of rows in the index that have the same value for the first two
** columns.  The N-th integer (for N>1) is the average number of rows in 
** the index which have the same value for the first N-1 columns.  For
** a K-column index, there will be K+1 integers in the stat column.  If
** the index is unique, then the last integer will be 1.
**
** The list of integers in the stat column can optionally be followed
** by the keyword "unordered".  The "unordered" keyword, if it is present,
** must be separated from the last integer by a single space.  If the
** "unordered" keyword is present, then the query planner assumes that
** the index is unordered and will not use the index for a range query.
** 
** If the sqlite_stat1.idx column is NULL, then the sqlite_stat1.stat
** column contains a single integer which is the (estimated) number of
** rows in the table identified by sqlite_stat1.tbl.
**
** Format of sqlite_stat2:
**
** The sqlite_stat2 is only created and is only used if SQLite is compiled
** with SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2 and if the SQLite version number is between
** 3.6.18 and 3.7.8.  The "stat2" table contains additional information
** about the distribution of keys within an index.  The index is identified by
** the "idx" column and the "tbl" column is the name of the table to which
** the index belongs.  There are usually 10 rows in the sqlite_stat2
** table for each index.
**
** The sqlite_stat2 entries for an index that have sampleno between 0 and 9
** inclusive are samples of the left-most key value in the index taken at
** evenly spaced points along the index.  Let the number of samples be S
** (10 in the standard build) and let C be the number of rows in the index.
** Then the sampled rows are given by:
**
**     rownumber = (i*C*2 + C)/(S*2)
**
** For i between 0 and S-1.  Conceptually, the index space is divided into
** S uniform buckets and the samples are the middle row from each bucket.
**
** The format for sqlite_stat2 is recorded here for legacy reference.  This
** version of SQLite does not support sqlite_stat2.  It neither reads nor
** writes the sqlite_stat2 table.  This version of SQLite only supports
** sqlite_stat3.
**
** Format for sqlite_stat3:
**
** The sqlite_stat3 is an enhancement to sqlite_stat2.  A new name is
** used to avoid compatibility problems.  
**
** The format of the sqlite_stat3 table is similar to the format of
** the sqlite_stat2 table.  There are multiple entries for each index.
** The idx column names the index and the tbl column is the table of the
** index.  If the idx and tbl columns are the same, then the sample is
** of the INTEGER PRIMARY KEY.  The sample column is a value taken from
** the left-most column of the index.  The nEq column is the approximate
** number of entires in the index whose left-most column exactly matches
** the sample.  nLt is the approximate number of entires whose left-most
** column is less than the sample.  The nDLt column is the approximate
** number of distinct left-most entries in the index that are less than
** the sample.
**
** Future versions of SQLite might change to store a string containing
** multiple integers values in the nDLt column of sqlite_stat3.  The first
** integer will be the number of prior index entires that are distinct in
** the left-most column.  The second integer will be the number of prior index
** entries that are distinct in the first two columns.  The third integer
** will be the number of prior index entries that are distinct in the first
** three columns.  And so forth.  With that extension, the nDLt field is
** similar in function to the sqlite_stat1.stat field.
**
** There can be an arbitrary number of sqlite_stat3 entries per index.
** The ANALYZE command will typically generate sqlite_stat3 tables
** that contain between 10 and 40 samples which are distributed across
** the key space, though not uniformly, and which include samples with
** largest possible nEq values.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_ANALYZE

/*
** This routine generates code that opens the sqlite_stat1 table for
** writing with cursor iStatCur. If the library was built with the
** SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 macro defined, then the sqlite_stat3 table is
** opened for writing using cursor (iStatCur+1)
**
** If the sqlite_stat1 tables does not previously exist, it is created.
** Similarly, if the sqlite_stat3 table does not exist and the library
** is compiled with SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 defined, it is created. 
**
** Argument zWhere may be a pointer to a buffer containing a table name,
** or it may be a NULL pointer. If it is not NULL, then all entries in
** the sqlite_stat1 and (if applicable) sqlite_stat3 tables associated
** with the named table are deleted. If zWhere==0, then code is generated
** to delete all stat table entries.
*/
static void openStatTable(
  Parse *pParse,          /* Parsing context */
  int iDb,                /* The database we are looking in */
  int iStatCur,           /* Open the sqlite_stat1 table on this cursor */
................................................................................
  const char *zWhereType  /* Either "tbl" or "idx" */
){
  static const struct {
    const char *zName;
    const char *zCols;
  } aTable[] = {
    { "sqlite_stat1", "tbl,idx,stat" },
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
    { "sqlite_stat3", "tbl,idx,neq,nlt,ndlt,sample" },
#endif
  };

  int aRoot[] = {0, 0};
  u8 aCreateTbl[] = {0, 0};

  int i;
................................................................................
  Db *pDb;
  Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( v==0 ) return;
  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsAllMutexes(db) );
  assert( sqlite3VdbeDb(v)==db );
  pDb = &db->aDb[iDb];

  /* Create new statistic tables if they do not exist, or clear them
  ** if they do already exist.
  */
  for(i=0; i<ArraySize(aTable); i++){
    const char *zTab = aTable[i].zName;
    Table *pStat;
    if( (pStat = sqlite3FindTable(db, zTab, pDb->zName))==0 ){
      /* The sqlite_stat[12] table does not exist. Create it. Note that a 
      ** side-effect of the CREATE TABLE statement is to leave the rootpage 
      ** of the new table in register pParse->regRoot. This is important 
................................................................................
      }else{
        /* The sqlite_stat[12] table already exists.  Delete all rows. */
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Clear, aRoot[i], iDb);
      }
    }
  }

  /* Open the sqlite_stat[13] tables for writing. */
  for(i=0; i<ArraySize(aTable); i++){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenWrite, iStatCur+i, aRoot[i], iDb);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char *)3, P4_INT32);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, aCreateTbl[i]);
  }
}

/*
** Recommended number of samples for sqlite_stat3
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_STAT3_SAMPLES
# define SQLITE_STAT3_SAMPLES 24
#endif

/*
** Three SQL functions - stat3_init(), stat3_push(), and stat3_pop() -
** share an instance of the following structure to hold their state
** information.
*/
typedef struct Stat3Accum Stat3Accum;
struct Stat3Accum {
  tRowcnt nRow;             /* Number of rows in the entire table */
  tRowcnt nPSample;         /* How often to do a periodic sample */
  int iMin;                 /* Index of entry with minimum nEq and hash */
  int mxSample;             /* Maximum number of samples to accumulate */
  int nSample;              /* Current number of samples */
  u32 iPrn;                 /* Pseudo-random number used for sampling */
  struct Stat3Sample {
    i64 iRowid;                /* Rowid in main table of the key */
    tRowcnt nEq;               /* sqlite_stat3.nEq */
    tRowcnt nLt;               /* sqlite_stat3.nLt */
    tRowcnt nDLt;              /* sqlite_stat3.nDLt */
    u8 isPSample;              /* True if a periodic sample */
    u32 iHash;                 /* Tiebreaker hash */
  } *a;                     /* An array of samples */
};

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
/*
** Implementation of the stat3_init(C,S) SQL function.  The two parameters
** are the number of rows in the table or index (C) and the number of samples
** to accumulate (S).
**
** This routine allocates the Stat3Accum object.
**
** The return value is the Stat3Accum object (P).
*/
static void stat3Init(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  Stat3Accum *p;
  tRowcnt nRow;
  int mxSample;
  int n;

  UNUSED_PARAMETER(argc);
  nRow = (tRowcnt)sqlite3_value_int64(argv[0]);
  mxSample = sqlite3_value_int(argv[1]);
  n = sizeof(*p) + sizeof(p->a[0])*mxSample;
  p = sqlite3_malloc( n );
  if( p==0 ){
    sqlite3_result_error_nomem(context);
    return;
  }
  memset(p, 0, n);
  p->a = (struct Stat3Sample*)&p[1];
  p->nRow = nRow;
  p->mxSample = mxSample;
  p->nPSample = p->nRow/(mxSample/3+1) + 1;
  sqlite3_randomness(sizeof(p->iPrn), &p->iPrn);
  sqlite3_result_blob(context, p, sizeof(p), sqlite3_free);
}
static const FuncDef stat3InitFuncdef = {
  2,                /* nArg */
  SQLITE_UTF8,      /* iPrefEnc */
  0,                /* flags */
  0,                /* pUserData */
  0,                /* pNext */
  stat3Init,        /* xFunc */
  0,                /* xStep */
  0,                /* xFinalize */
  "stat3_init",     /* zName */
  0,                /* pHash */
  0                 /* pDestructor */
};


/*
** Implementation of the stat3_push(nEq,nLt,nDLt,rowid,P) SQL function.  The
** arguments describe a single key instance.  This routine makes the 
** decision about whether or not to retain this key for the sqlite_stat3
** table.
**
** The return value is NULL.
*/
static void stat3Push(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  Stat3Accum *p = (Stat3Accum*)sqlite3_value_blob(argv[4]);
  tRowcnt nEq = sqlite3_value_int64(argv[0]);
  tRowcnt nLt = sqlite3_value_int64(argv[1]);
  tRowcnt nDLt = sqlite3_value_int64(argv[2]);
  i64 rowid = sqlite3_value_int64(argv[3]);
  u8 isPSample = 0;
  u8 doInsert = 0;
  int iMin = p->iMin;
  struct Stat3Sample *pSample;
  int i;
  u32 h;

  UNUSED_PARAMETER(context);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(argc);
  if( nEq==0 ) return;
  h = p->iPrn = p->iPrn*1103515245 + 12345;
  if( (nLt/p->nPSample)!=((nEq+nLt)/p->nPSample) ){
    doInsert = isPSample = 1;
  }else if( p->nSample<p->mxSample ){
    doInsert = 1;
  }else{
    if( nEq>p->a[iMin].nEq || (nEq==p->a[iMin].nEq && h>p->a[iMin].iHash) ){
      doInsert = 1;
    }
  }
  if( !doInsert ) return;
  if( p->nSample==p->mxSample ){
    assert( p->nSample - iMin - 1 >= 0 );
    memmove(&p->a[iMin], &p->a[iMin+1], sizeof(p->a[0])*(p->nSample-iMin-1));
    pSample = &p->a[p->nSample-1];
  }else{
    pSample = &p->a[p->nSample++];
  }
  pSample->iRowid = rowid;
  pSample->nEq = nEq;
  pSample->nLt = nLt;
  pSample->nDLt = nDLt;
  pSample->iHash = h;
  pSample->isPSample = isPSample;

  /* Find the new minimum */
  if( p->nSample==p->mxSample ){
    pSample = p->a;
    i = 0;
    while( pSample->isPSample ){
      i++;
      pSample++;
      assert( i<p->nSample );
    }
    nEq = pSample->nEq;
    h = pSample->iHash;
    iMin = i;
    for(i++, pSample++; i<p->nSample; i++, pSample++){
      if( pSample->isPSample ) continue;
      if( pSample->nEq<nEq
       || (pSample->nEq==nEq && pSample->iHash<h)
      ){
        iMin = i;
        nEq = pSample->nEq;
        h = pSample->iHash;
      }
    }
    p->iMin = iMin;
  }
}
static const FuncDef stat3PushFuncdef = {
  5,                /* nArg */
  SQLITE_UTF8,      /* iPrefEnc */
  0,                /* flags */
  0,                /* pUserData */
  0,                /* pNext */
  stat3Push,        /* xFunc */
  0,                /* xStep */
  0,                /* xFinalize */
  "stat3_push",     /* zName */
  0,                /* pHash */
  0                 /* pDestructor */
};

/*
** Implementation of the stat3_get(P,N,...) SQL function.  This routine is
** used to query the results.  Content is returned for the Nth sqlite_stat3
** row where N is between 0 and S-1 and S is the number of samples.  The
** value returned depends on the number of arguments.
**
**   argc==2    result:  rowid
**   argc==3    result:  nEq
**   argc==4    result:  nLt
**   argc==5    result:  nDLt
*/
static void stat3Get(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  int n = sqlite3_value_int(argv[1]);
  Stat3Accum *p = (Stat3Accum*)sqlite3_value_blob(argv[0]);

  assert( p!=0 );
  if( p->nSample<=n ) return;
  switch( argc ){
    case 2:  sqlite3_result_int64(context, p->a[n].iRowid); break;
    case 3:  sqlite3_result_int64(context, p->a[n].nEq);    break;
    case 4:  sqlite3_result_int64(context, p->a[n].nLt);    break;
    default: sqlite3_result_int64(context, p->a[n].nDLt);   break;
  }
}
static const FuncDef stat3GetFuncdef = {
  -1,               /* nArg */
  SQLITE_UTF8,      /* iPrefEnc */
  0,                /* flags */
  0,                /* pUserData */
  0,                /* pNext */
  stat3Get,         /* xFunc */
  0,                /* xStep */
  0,                /* xFinalize */
  "stat3_get",     /* zName */
  0,                /* pHash */
  0                 /* pDestructor */
};
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 */




/*
** Generate code to do an analysis of all indices associated with
** a single table.
*/
static void analyzeOneTable(
  Parse *pParse,   /* Parser context */
................................................................................
  int i;                       /* Loop counter */
  int topOfLoop;               /* The top of the loop */
  int endOfLoop;               /* The end of the loop */
  int jZeroRows = -1;          /* Jump from here if number of rows is zero */
  int iDb;                     /* Index of database containing pTab */
  int regTabname = iMem++;     /* Register containing table name */
  int regIdxname = iMem++;     /* Register containing index name */
  int regStat1 = iMem++;       /* The stat column of sqlite_stat1 */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
  int regNumEq = regStat1;     /* Number of instances.  Same as regStat1 */
  int regNumLt = iMem++;       /* Number of keys less than regSample */
  int regNumDLt = iMem++;      /* Number of distinct keys less than regSample */
  int regSample = iMem++;      /* The next sample value */
  int regRowid = regSample;    /* Rowid of a sample */
  int regAccum = iMem++;       /* Register to hold Stat3Accum object */
  int regLoop = iMem++;        /* Loop counter */
  int regCount = iMem++;       /* Number of rows in the table or index */
  int regTemp1 = iMem++;       /* Intermediate register */
  int regTemp2 = iMem++;       /* Intermediate register */
  int once = 1;                /* One-time initialization */
  int shortJump = 0;           /* Instruction address */
  int iTabCur = pParse->nTab++; /* Table cursor */
#endif
  int regCol = iMem++;         /* Content of a column in analyzed table */
  int regRec = iMem++;         /* Register holding completed record */
  int regTemp = iMem++;        /* Temporary use register */
  int regNewRowid = iMem++;    /* Rowid for the inserted record */










  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( v==0 || NEVER(pTab==0) ){
    return;
  }
  if( pTab->tnum==0 ){
    /* Do not gather statistics on views or virtual tables */
................................................................................
  sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDb, pTab->tnum, 0, pTab->zName);

  iIdxCur = pParse->nTab++;
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, regTabname, 0, pTab->zName, 0);
  for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
    int nCol;
    KeyInfo *pKey;
    int addrIfNot = 0;           /* address of OP_IfNot */
    int *aChngAddr;              /* Array of jump instruction addresses */

    if( pOnlyIdx && pOnlyIdx!=pIdx ) continue;
    VdbeNoopComment((v, "Begin analysis of %s", pIdx->zName));
    nCol = pIdx->nColumn;
    aChngAddr = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, sizeof(int)*nCol);
    if( aChngAddr==0 ) continue;
    pKey = sqlite3IndexKeyinfo(pParse, pIdx);
    if( iMem+1+(nCol*2)>pParse->nMem ){
      pParse->nMem = iMem+1+(nCol*2);
    }

    /* Open a cursor to the index to be analyzed. */
    assert( iDb==sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pIdx->pSchema) );
................................................................................
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_OpenRead, iIdxCur, pIdx->tnum, iDb,
        (char *)pKey, P4_KEYINFO_HANDOFF);
    VdbeComment((v, "%s", pIdx->zName));

    /* Populate the register containing the index name. */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, regIdxname, 0, pIdx->zName, 0);

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3

    if( once ){
      once = 0;
      sqlite3OpenTable(pParse, iTabCur, iDb, pTab, OP_OpenRead);





    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Count, iIdxCur, regCount);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, SQLITE_STAT3_SAMPLES, regTemp1);









    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, regNumEq);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, regNumLt);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, -1, regNumDLt);

    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Function, 1, regCount, regAccum,
                      (char*)&stat3InitFuncdef, P4_FUNCDEF);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, 2);
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 */

    /* The block of memory cells initialized here is used as follows.
    **
    **    iMem:                
    **        The total number of rows in the table.
    **
    **    iMem+1 .. iMem+nCol: 
................................................................................
    }

    /* Start the analysis loop. This loop runs through all the entries in
    ** the index b-tree.  */
    endOfLoop = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iIdxCur, endOfLoop);
    topOfLoop = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, iMem, 1);  /* Increment row counter */

    for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
      CollSeq *pColl;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iIdxCur, i, regCol);
      if( i==0 ){































        /* Always record the very first row */
        addrIfNot = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfNot, iMem+1);
      }
      assert( pIdx->azColl!=0 );
      assert( pIdx->azColl[i]!=0 );
      pColl = sqlite3LocateCollSeq(pParse, pIdx->azColl[i]);
      aChngAddr[i] = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Ne, regCol, 0, iMem+nCol+i+1,
                                      (char*)pColl, P4_COLLSEQ);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, SQLITE_NULLEQ);
      VdbeComment((v, "jump if column %d changed", i));
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
      if( i==0 ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, regNumEq, 1);
        VdbeComment((v, "incr repeat count"));
      }





#endif
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, endOfLoop);
    for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, aChngAddr[i]);  /* Set jump dest for the OP_Ne */
      if( i==0 ){
        sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrIfNot);   /* Jump dest for OP_IfNot */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Function, 1, regNumEq, regTemp2,
                          (char*)&stat3PushFuncdef, P4_FUNCDEF);
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, 5);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iIdxCur, pIdx->nColumn, regRowid);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Add, regNumEq, regNumLt, regNumLt);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, regNumDLt, 1);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 1, regNumEq);
#endif        
      }

      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, iMem+i+1, 1);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iIdxCur, i, iMem+nCol+i+1);
    }
    sqlite3DbFree(db, aChngAddr);


    /* Always jump here after updating the iMem+1...iMem+1+nCol counters */
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, endOfLoop);

    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iIdxCur, topOfLoop);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, iIdxCur);
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Function, 1, regNumEq, regTemp2,
                      (char*)&stat3PushFuncdef, P4_FUNCDEF);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, 5);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, -1, regLoop);
    shortJump = 
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, regLoop, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Function, 1, regAccum, regTemp1,
                      (char*)&stat3GetFuncdef, P4_FUNCDEF);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, 2);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IsNull, regTemp1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, iTabCur, shortJump, regTemp1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iTabCur, pIdx->aiColumn[0], regSample);
    sqlite3ColumnDefault(v, pTab, pIdx->aiColumn[0], regSample);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Function, 1, regAccum, regNumEq,
                      (char*)&stat3GetFuncdef, P4_FUNCDEF);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, 3);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Function, 1, regAccum, regNumLt,
                      (char*)&stat3GetFuncdef, P4_FUNCDEF);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, 4);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Function, 1, regAccum, regNumDLt,
                      (char*)&stat3GetFuncdef, P4_FUNCDEF);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, 5);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, regTabname, 6, regRec, "bbbbbb", 0);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, iStatCur+1, regNewRowid);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, iStatCur+1, regRec, regNewRowid);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, shortJump);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, shortJump+2);
#endif        

    /* Store the results in sqlite_stat1.
    **
    ** The result is a single row of the sqlite_stat1 table.  The first
    ** two columns are the names of the table and index.  The third column
    ** is a string composed of a list of integer statistics about the
    ** index.  The first integer in the list is the total number of entries
................................................................................
    **
    **        I = (K+D-1)/D
    **
    ** If K==0 then no entry is made into the sqlite_stat1 table.  
    ** If K>0 then it is always the case the D>0 so division by zero
    ** is never possible.
    */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SCopy, iMem, regStat1);
    if( jZeroRows<0 ){
      jZeroRows = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfNot, iMem);
    }
    for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, regTemp, 0, " ", 0);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Concat, regTemp, regStat1, regStat1);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Add, iMem, iMem+i+1, regTemp);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, regTemp, -1);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Divide, iMem+i+1, regTemp, regTemp);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_ToInt, regTemp);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Concat, regTemp, regStat1, regStat1);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, regTabname, 3, regRec, "aaa", 0);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, iStatCur, regNewRowid);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, iStatCur, regRec, regNewRowid);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_APPEND);
  }

  /* If the table has no indices, create a single sqlite_stat1 entry
  ** containing NULL as the index name and the row count as the content.
  */
  if( pTab->pIndex==0 ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenRead, iIdxCur, pTab->tnum, iDb);
    VdbeComment((v, "%s", pTab->zName));
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Count, iIdxCur, regStat1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, iIdxCur);
    jZeroRows = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfNot, regStat1);
  }else{
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, jZeroRows);
    jZeroRows = sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Goto);
  }
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, regIdxname);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, regTabname, 3, regRec, "aaa", 0);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, iStatCur, regNewRowid);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, iStatCur, regRec, regNewRowid);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_APPEND);
  if( pParse->nMem<regRec ) pParse->nMem = regRec;
  sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, jZeroRows);
}


/*
** Generate code that will cause the most recent index analysis to
** be loaded into internal hash tables where is can be used.
*/
static void loadAnalysis(Parse *pParse, int iDb){
  Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
................................................................................
  Schema *pSchema = db->aDb[iDb].pSchema;    /* Schema of database iDb */
  HashElem *k;
  int iStatCur;
  int iMem;

  sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 0, iDb);
  iStatCur = pParse->nTab;
  pParse->nTab += 3;
  openStatTable(pParse, iDb, iStatCur, 0, 0);
  iMem = pParse->nMem+1;
  assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, iDb, 0) );
  for(k=sqliteHashFirst(&pSchema->tblHash); k; k=sqliteHashNext(k)){
    Table *pTab = (Table*)sqliteHashData(k);
    analyzeOneTable(pParse, pTab, 0, iStatCur, iMem);
  }
................................................................................
  int iStatCur;

  assert( pTab!=0 );
  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsAllMutexes(pParse->db) );
  iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(pParse->db, pTab->pSchema);
  sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 0, iDb);
  iStatCur = pParse->nTab;
  pParse->nTab += 3;
  if( pOnlyIdx ){
    openStatTable(pParse, iDb, iStatCur, pOnlyIdx->zName, "idx");
  }else{
    openStatTable(pParse, iDb, iStatCur, pTab->zName, "tbl");
  }
  analyzeOneTable(pParse, pTab, pOnlyIdx, iStatCur, pParse->nMem+1);
  loadAnalysis(pParse, iDb);
................................................................................
** the table.
*/
static int analysisLoader(void *pData, int argc, char **argv, char **NotUsed){
  analysisInfo *pInfo = (analysisInfo*)pData;
  Index *pIndex;
  Table *pTable;
  int i, c, n;
  tRowcnt v;
  const char *z;

  assert( argc==3 );
  UNUSED_PARAMETER2(NotUsed, argc);

  if( argv==0 || argv[0]==0 || argv[2]==0 ){
    return 0;
................................................................................
}

/*
** If the Index.aSample variable is not NULL, delete the aSample[] array
** and its contents.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DeleteIndexSamples(sqlite3 *db, Index *pIdx){
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
  if( pIdx->aSample ){
    int j;
    for(j=0; j<pIdx->nSample; j++){
      IndexSample *p = &pIdx->aSample[j];
      if( p->eType==SQLITE_TEXT || p->eType==SQLITE_BLOB ){
        sqlite3DbFree(db, p->u.z);
      }
    }
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pIdx->aSample);
  }
  if( db && db->pnBytesFreed==0 ){
    pIdx->nSample = 0;
    pIdx->aSample = 0;
  }
#else
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(db);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pIdx);
#endif
}

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
/*
** Load content from the sqlite_stat3 table into the Index.aSample[]
** arrays of all indices.
*/
static int loadStat3(sqlite3 *db, const char *zDb){
  int rc;                       /* Result codes from subroutines */
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt = 0;      /* An SQL statement being run */
  char *zSql;                   /* Text of the SQL statement */
  Index *pPrevIdx = 0;          /* Previous index in the loop */
  int idx = 0;                  /* slot in pIdx->aSample[] for next sample */
  int eType;                    /* Datatype of a sample */
  IndexSample *pSample;         /* A slot in pIdx->aSample[] */

  if( !sqlite3FindTable(db, "sqlite_stat3", zDb) ){
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

  zSql = sqlite3MPrintf(db, 
      "SELECT idx,count(*) FROM %Q.sqlite_stat3"
      " GROUP BY idx", zDb);
  if( !zSql ){
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  rc = sqlite3_prepare(db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, zSql);
  if( rc ) return rc;

  while( sqlite3_step(pStmt)==SQLITE_ROW ){
    char *zIndex;   /* Index name */
    Index *pIdx;    /* Pointer to the index object */
    int nSample;    /* Number of samples */

    zIndex = (char *)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, 0);
    if( zIndex==0 ) continue;
    nSample = sqlite3_column_int(pStmt, 1);
    pIdx = sqlite3FindIndex(db, zIndex, zDb);
    if( pIdx==0 ) continue;
    assert( pIdx->nSample==0 );
    pIdx->nSample = nSample;
    pIdx->aSample = sqlite3MallocZero( nSample*sizeof(IndexSample) );
    pIdx->avgEq = pIdx->aiRowEst[1];
    if( pIdx->aSample==0 ){
      db->mallocFailed = 1;
      sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
      return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
  }
  rc = sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
  if( rc ) return rc;

  zSql = sqlite3MPrintf(db, 
      "SELECT idx,neq,nlt,ndlt,sample FROM %Q.sqlite_stat3", zDb);
  if( !zSql ){
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  rc = sqlite3_prepare(db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, zSql);
  if( rc ) return rc;

  while( sqlite3_step(pStmt)==SQLITE_ROW ){
    char *zIndex;   /* Index name */
    Index *pIdx;    /* Pointer to the index object */
    int i;          /* Loop counter */
    tRowcnt sumEq;  /* Sum of the nEq values */

    zIndex = (char *)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, 0);
    if( zIndex==0 ) continue;
    pIdx = sqlite3FindIndex(db, zIndex, zDb);
    if( pIdx==0 ) continue;
    if( pIdx==pPrevIdx ){
      idx++;
    }else{
      pPrevIdx = pIdx;
      idx = 0;
    }
    assert( idx<pIdx->nSample );
    pSample = &pIdx->aSample[idx];
    pSample->nEq = (tRowcnt)sqlite3_column_int64(pStmt, 1);
    pSample->nLt = (tRowcnt)sqlite3_column_int64(pStmt, 2);
    pSample->nDLt = (tRowcnt)sqlite3_column_int64(pStmt, 3);
    if( idx==pIdx->nSample-1 ){
      if( pSample->nDLt>0 ){
        for(i=0, sumEq=0; i<=idx-1; i++) sumEq += pIdx->aSample[i].nEq;
        pIdx->avgEq = (pSample->nLt - sumEq)/pSample->nDLt;
      }
      if( pIdx->avgEq<=0 ) pIdx->avgEq = 1;
    }
    eType = sqlite3_column_type(pStmt, 4);
    pSample->eType = (u8)eType;
    switch( eType ){
      case SQLITE_INTEGER: {
        pSample->u.i = sqlite3_column_int64(pStmt, 4);
        break;
      }
      case SQLITE_FLOAT: {
        pSample->u.r = sqlite3_column_double(pStmt, 4);
        break;
      }
      case SQLITE_NULL: {
        break;
      }
      default: assert( eType==SQLITE_TEXT || eType==SQLITE_BLOB ); {
        const char *z = (const char *)(
              (eType==SQLITE_BLOB) ?
              sqlite3_column_blob(pStmt, 4):
              sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, 4)
           );
        int n = z ? sqlite3_column_bytes(pStmt, 4) : 0;
        pSample->nByte = n;
        if( n < 1){
          pSample->u.z = 0;
        }else{
          pSample->u.z = sqlite3Malloc(n);
          if( pSample->u.z==0 ){
            db->mallocFailed = 1;
            sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
            return SQLITE_NOMEM;
          }
          memcpy(pSample->u.z, z, n);
        }
      }
    }
  }
  return sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
}
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 */

/*
** Load the content of the sqlite_stat1 and sqlite_stat3 tables. The
** contents of sqlite_stat1 are used to populate the Index.aiRowEst[]
** arrays. The contents of sqlite_stat3 are used to populate the
** Index.aSample[] arrays.
**
** If the sqlite_stat1 table is not present in the database, SQLITE_ERROR
** is returned. In this case, even if SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 was defined 
** during compilation and the sqlite_stat3 table is present, no data is 
** read from it.
**
** If SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 was defined during compilation and the 
** sqlite_stat3 table is not present in the database, SQLITE_ERROR is
** returned. However, in this case, data is read from the sqlite_stat1
** table (if it is present) before returning.
**
** If an OOM error occurs, this function always sets db->mallocFailed.
** This means if the caller does not care about other errors, the return
** code may be ignored.
*/
................................................................................
  assert( db->aDb[iDb].pBt!=0 );

  /* Clear any prior statistics */
  assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, iDb, 0) );
  for(i=sqliteHashFirst(&db->aDb[iDb].pSchema->idxHash);i;i=sqliteHashNext(i)){
    Index *pIdx = sqliteHashData(i);
    sqlite3DefaultRowEst(pIdx);
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
    sqlite3DeleteIndexSamples(db, pIdx);
    pIdx->aSample = 0;
#endif
  }

  /* Check to make sure the sqlite_stat1 table exists */
  sInfo.db = db;
  sInfo.zDatabase = db->aDb[iDb].zName;
  if( sqlite3FindTable(db, "sqlite_stat1", sInfo.zDatabase)==0 ){
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }

  /* Load new statistics out of the sqlite_stat1 table */
  zSql = sqlite3MPrintf(db, 
      "SELECT tbl,idx,stat FROM %Q.sqlite_stat1", sInfo.zDatabase);
  if( zSql==0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }else{
    rc = sqlite3_exec(db, zSql, analysisLoader, &sInfo, 0);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, zSql);
  }


  /* Load the statistics from the sqlite_stat3 table. */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3



  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){



    rc = loadStat3(db, sInfo.zDatabase);






























































  }
#endif

  if( rc==SQLITE_NOMEM ){
    db->mallocFailed = 1;
  }
  return rc;
................................................................................
      iDestroyed = iLargest;
    }
  }
#endif
}

/*
** Remove entries from the sqlite_statN tables (for N in (1,2,3))
** after a DROP INDEX or DROP TABLE command.
*/
static void sqlite3ClearStatTables(
  Parse *pParse,         /* The parsing context */
  int iDb,               /* The database number */
  const char *zType,     /* "idx" or "tbl" */
  const char *zName      /* Name of index or table */
){

  int i;
  const char *zDbName = pParse->db->aDb[iDb].zName;
  for(i=1; i<=3; i++){
    char zTab[24];
    sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zTab),zTab,"sqlite_stat%d",i);
    if( sqlite3FindTable(pParse->db, zTab, zDbName) ){
      sqlite3NestedParse(pParse,
        "DELETE FROM %Q.%s WHERE %s=%Q",

        zDbName, zTab, zType, zName
      );
    }
  }
}

/*
** Generate code to drop a table.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3CodeDropTable(Parse *pParse, Table *pTab, int iDb, int isView){
  Vdbe *v;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  Trigger *pTrigger;
  Db *pDb = &db->aDb[iDb];

  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  assert( v!=0 );
  sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 1, iDb);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  if( IsVirtual(pTab) ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_VBegin);
  }
#endif

  /* Drop all triggers associated with the table being dropped. Code
  ** is generated to remove entries from sqlite_master and/or
  ** sqlite_temp_master if required.
  */
  pTrigger = sqlite3TriggerList(pParse, pTab);
  while( pTrigger ){
    assert( pTrigger->pSchema==pTab->pSchema || 
        pTrigger->pSchema==db->aDb[1].pSchema );
    sqlite3DropTriggerPtr(pParse, pTrigger);
    pTrigger = pTrigger->pNext;
  }

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINCREMENT
  /* Remove any entries of the sqlite_sequence table associated with
  ** the table being dropped. This is done before the table is dropped
  ** at the btree level, in case the sqlite_sequence table needs to
  ** move as a result of the drop (can happen in auto-vacuum mode).
  */
  if( pTab->tabFlags & TF_Autoincrement ){
    sqlite3NestedParse(pParse,
      "DELETE FROM %Q.sqlite_sequence WHERE name=%Q",
      pDb->zName, pTab->zName
    );
  }
#endif

  /* Drop all SQLITE_MASTER table and index entries that refer to the
  ** table. The program name loops through the master table and deletes
  ** every row that refers to a table of the same name as the one being
  ** dropped. Triggers are handled seperately because a trigger can be
  ** created in the temp database that refers to a table in another
  ** database.
  */
  sqlite3NestedParse(pParse, 
      "DELETE FROM %Q.%s WHERE tbl_name=%Q and type!='trigger'",
      pDb->zName, SCHEMA_TABLE(iDb), pTab->zName);
  if( !isView && !IsVirtual(pTab) ){
    destroyTable(pParse, pTab);
  }

  /* Remove the table entry from SQLite's internal schema and modify
  ** the schema cookie.
  */
  if( IsVirtual(pTab) ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_VDestroy, iDb, 0, 0, pTab->zName, 0);
  }
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_DropTable, iDb, 0, 0, pTab->zName, 0);
  sqlite3ChangeCookie(pParse, iDb);
  sqliteViewResetAll(db, iDb);
}

/*
** This routine is called to do the work of a DROP TABLE statement.
** pName is the name of the table to be dropped.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DropTable(Parse *pParse, SrcList *pName, int isView, int noErr){
  Table *pTab;
................................................................................
      goto exit_drop_table;
    }
    if( sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_DELETE, pTab->zName, 0, zDb) ){
      goto exit_drop_table;
    }
  }
#endif
  if( sqlite3StrNICmp(pTab->zName, "sqlite_", 7)==0 
    && sqlite3StrNICmp(pTab->zName, "sqlite_stat", 11)!=0 ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "table %s may not be dropped", pTab->zName);
    goto exit_drop_table;
  }

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW
  /* Ensure DROP TABLE is not used on a view, and DROP VIEW is not used
  ** on a table.
................................................................................
#endif

  /* Generate code to remove the table from the master table
  ** on disk.
  */
  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( v ){


    sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 1, iDb);












































    sqlite3ClearStatTables(pParse, iDb, "tbl", pTab->zName);

    sqlite3FkDropTable(pParse, pName, pTab);
    sqlite3CodeDropTable(pParse, pTab, iDb, isView);
  }












exit_drop_table:
  sqlite3SrcListDelete(db, pName);
}

/*
** This routine is called to create a new foreign key on the table
................................................................................
** the index already exists and must be cleared before being refilled and
** the root page number of the index is taken from pIndex->tnum.
*/
static void sqlite3RefillIndex(Parse *pParse, Index *pIndex, int memRootPage){
  Table *pTab = pIndex->pTable;  /* The table that is indexed */
  int iTab = pParse->nTab++;     /* Btree cursor used for pTab */
  int iIdx = pParse->nTab++;     /* Btree cursor used for pIndex */
  int iSorter;                   /* Cursor opened by OpenSorter (if in use) */
  int addr1;                     /* Address of top of loop */
  int addr2;                     /* Address to jump to for next iteration */
  int tnum;                      /* Root page of index */
  Vdbe *v;                       /* Generate code into this virtual machine */
  KeyInfo *pKey;                 /* KeyInfo for index */
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_MERGE_SORT
  int regIdxKey;                 /* Registers containing the index key */
#endif
  int regRecord;                 /* Register holding assemblied index record */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;      /* The database connection */
  int iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pIndex->pSchema);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
  if( sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_REINDEX, pIndex->zName, 0,
      db->aDb[iDb].zName ) ){
................................................................................
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, 1);
  }

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_MERGE_SORT
  /* Open the sorter cursor if we are to use one. */
  iSorter = pParse->nTab++;
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_SorterOpen, iSorter, 0, 0, (char*)pKey, P4_KEYINFO);
#else
  iSorter = iTab;
#endif

  /* Open the table. Loop through all rows of the table, inserting index
  ** records into the sorter. */
  sqlite3OpenTable(pParse, iTab, iDb, pTab, OP_OpenRead);
  addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iTab, 0);

  regRecord = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);


#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_MERGE_SORT
  sqlite3GenerateIndexKey(pParse, pIndex, iTab, regRecord, 1);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SorterInsert, iSorter, regRecord);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iTab, addr1+1);
  sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr1);
  addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SorterSort, iSorter, 0);
  if( pIndex->onError!=OE_None ){
    int j2 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v) + 3;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, j2);
................................................................................
  }else{
    addr2 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
  }
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SorterData, iSorter, regRecord);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_IdxInsert, iIdx, regRecord, 1);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT);
#else
  regIdxKey = sqlite3GenerateIndexKey(pParse, pIndex, iTab, regRecord, 1);
  addr2 = addr1 + 1;
  if( pIndex->onError!=OE_None ){
    const int regRowid = regIdxKey + pIndex->nColumn;
    const int j2 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v) + 2;
    void * const pRegKey = SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(regIdxKey);

    /* The registers accessed by the OP_IsUnique opcode were allocated
    ** using sqlite3GetTempRange() inside of the sqlite3GenerateIndexKey()
................................................................................
    /* Use the two-part index name to determine the database 
    ** to search for the table. 'Fix' the table name to this db
    ** before looking up the table.
    */
    assert( pName1 && pName2 );
    iDb = sqlite3TwoPartName(pParse, pName1, pName2, &pName);
    if( iDb<0 ) goto exit_create_index;
    assert( pName && pName->z );

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TEMPDB
    /* If the index name was unqualified, check if the the table
    ** is a temp table. If so, set the database to 1. Do not do this
    ** if initialising a database schema.
    */
    if( !db->init.busy ){
................................................................................
    }
    pTab = sqlite3LocateTable(pParse, 0, pTblName->a[0].zName, 
        pTblName->a[0].zDatabase);
    if( !pTab || db->mallocFailed ) goto exit_create_index;
    assert( db->aDb[iDb].pSchema==pTab->pSchema );
  }else{
    assert( pName==0 );
    assert( pStart==0 );
    pTab = pParse->pNewTable;
    if( !pTab ) goto exit_create_index;
    iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pTab->pSchema);
  }
  pDb = &db->aDb[iDb];

  assert( pTab!=0 );
................................................................................
  ** If pName==0 it means that we are
  ** dealing with a primary key or UNIQUE constraint.  We have to invent our
  ** own name.
  */
  if( pName ){
    zName = sqlite3NameFromToken(db, pName);
    if( zName==0 ) goto exit_create_index;
    assert( pName->z!=0 );
    if( SQLITE_OK!=sqlite3CheckObjectName(pParse, zName) ){
      goto exit_create_index;
    }
    if( !db->init.busy ){
      if( sqlite3FindTable(db, zName, 0)!=0 ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "there is already a table named %s", zName);
        goto exit_create_index;
................................................................................
  /* 
  ** Allocate the index structure. 
  */
  nName = sqlite3Strlen30(zName);
  nCol = pList->nExpr;
  pIndex = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, 
      sizeof(Index) +              /* Index structure  */
      sizeof(tRowcnt)*(nCol+1) +   /* Index.aiRowEst   */
      sizeof(int)*nCol +           /* Index.aiColumn   */

      sizeof(char *)*nCol +        /* Index.azColl     */
      sizeof(u8)*nCol +            /* Index.aSortOrder */
      nName + 1 +                  /* Index.zName      */
      nExtra                       /* Collation sequence names */
  );
  if( db->mallocFailed ){
    goto exit_create_index;
  }
  pIndex->aiRowEst = (tRowcnt*)(&pIndex[1]);
  pIndex->azColl = (char**)(&pIndex->aiRowEst[nCol+1]);
  pIndex->aiColumn = (int *)(&pIndex->azColl[nCol]);

  pIndex->aSortOrder = (u8 *)(&pIndex->aiColumn[nCol]);
  pIndex->zName = (char *)(&pIndex->aSortOrder[nCol]);
  zExtra = (char *)(&pIndex->zName[nName+1]);
  memcpy(pIndex->zName, zName, nName+1);
  pIndex->pTable = pTab;
  pIndex->nColumn = pList->nExpr;
  pIndex->onError = (u8)onError;
  pIndex->autoIndex = (u8)(pName==0);
................................................................................
**           aiRowEst[N]>=1
**
** Apart from that, we have little to go on besides intuition as to
** how aiRowEst[] should be initialized.  The numbers generated here
** are based on typical values found in actual indices.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DefaultRowEst(Index *pIdx){
  tRowcnt *a = pIdx->aiRowEst;
  int i;
  tRowcnt n;
  assert( a!=0 );
  a[0] = pIdx->pTable->nRowEst;
  if( a[0]<10 ) a[0] = 10;
  n = 10;
  for(i=1; i<=pIdx->nColumn; i++){
    a[i] = n;
    if( n>5 ) n--;
................................................................................
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AutoCommit, 0, 0);
}

/*
** Commit a transaction
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3CommitTransaction(Parse *pParse){

  Vdbe *v;

  assert( pParse!=0 );
  assert( pParse->db!=0 );


  if( sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_TRANSACTION, "COMMIT", 0, 0) ){
    return;
  }
  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( v ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AutoCommit, 1, 0);
  }
}

/*
** Rollback a transaction
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3RollbackTransaction(Parse *pParse){

  Vdbe *v;

  assert( pParse!=0 );
  assert( pParse->db!=0 );


  if( sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_TRANSACTION, "ROLLBACK", 0, 0) ){
    return;
  }
  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( v ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AutoCommit, 1, 1);
  }
................................................................................
  z2 = (char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);
  n = sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[0]);
  /* Verify that the call to _bytes() does not invalidate the _text() pointer */
  assert( z2==(char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]) );
  if( z2 ){
    z1 = contextMalloc(context, ((i64)n)+1);
    if( z1 ){

      for(i=0; i<n; i++){
        z1[i] = (char)sqlite3Toupper(z2[i]);
      }
      sqlite3_result_text(context, z1, n, sqlite3_free);
    }
  }
}
static void lowerFunc(sqlite3_context *context, int argc, sqlite3_value **argv){
  char *z1;
  const char *z2;
  int i, n;
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(argc);
  z2 = (char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);
  n = sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[0]);
  /* Verify that the call to _bytes() does not invalidate the _text() pointer */
  assert( z2==(char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]) );
  if( z2 ){
    z1 = contextMalloc(context, ((i64)n)+1);
    if( z1 ){

      for(i=0; i<n; i++){
        z1[i] = sqlite3Tolower(z2[i]);
      }
      sqlite3_result_text(context, z1, n, sqlite3_free);
    }
  }
}


#if 0  /* This function is never used. */
/*
................................................................................
    sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pWhen);
    sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, pList);
    sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pSelect);
    if( db->mallocFailed==1 ){
      fkTriggerDelete(db, pTrigger);
      return 0;
    }
    assert( pStep!=0 );

    switch( action ){
      case OE_Restrict:
        pStep->op = TK_SELECT; 
        break;
      case OE_Cascade: 
        if( !pChanges ){ 
................................................................................
  ** the extra complication to make this rule less restrictive is probably
  ** not worth the effort.  Ticket [6284df89debdfa61db8073e062908af0c9b6118e]
  */
  if( (pParse->db->flags & SQLITE_ForeignKeys)!=0 && pDest->pFKey!=0 ){
    return 0;
  }
#endif
  if( (pParse->db->flags & SQLITE_CountRows)!=0 ){
    return 0;
  }

  /* If we get this far, it means either:
  **
  **    *   We can always do the transfer if the table contains an
  **        an integer primary key
  **
  **    *   We can conditionally do the transfer if the destination
................................................................................
  int  (*bind_text)(sqlite3_stmt*,int,const char*,int n,void(*)(void*));
  int  (*bind_text16)(sqlite3_stmt*,int,const void*,int,void(*)(void*));
  int  (*bind_value)(sqlite3_stmt*,int,const sqlite3_value*);
  int  (*busy_handler)(sqlite3*,int(*)(void*,int),void*);
  int  (*busy_timeout)(sqlite3*,int ms);
  int  (*changes)(sqlite3*);
  int  (*close)(sqlite3*);
  int  (*collation_needed)(sqlite3*,void*,void(*)(void*,sqlite3*,
                           int eTextRep,const char*));
  int  (*collation_needed16)(sqlite3*,void*,void(*)(void*,sqlite3*,
                             int eTextRep,const void*));
  const void * (*column_blob)(sqlite3_stmt*,int iCol);
  int  (*column_bytes)(sqlite3_stmt*,int iCol);
  int  (*column_bytes16)(sqlite3_stmt*,int iCol);
  int  (*column_count)(sqlite3_stmt*pStmt);
  const char * (*column_database_name)(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
  const void * (*column_database_name16)(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
  const char * (*column_decltype)(sqlite3_stmt*,int i);
................................................................................
  const unsigned char * (*column_text)(sqlite3_stmt*,int iCol);
  const void * (*column_text16)(sqlite3_stmt*,int iCol);
  int  (*column_type)(sqlite3_stmt*,int iCol);
  sqlite3_value* (*column_value)(sqlite3_stmt*,int iCol);
  void * (*commit_hook)(sqlite3*,int(*)(void*),void*);
  int  (*complete)(const char*sql);
  int  (*complete16)(const void*sql);
  int  (*create_collation)(sqlite3*,const char*,int,void*,
                           int(*)(void*,int,const void*,int,const void*));
  int  (*create_collation16)(sqlite3*,const void*,int,void*,
                             int(*)(void*,int,const void*,int,const void*));
  int  (*create_function)(sqlite3*,const char*,int,int,void*,
                          void (*xFunc)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**),
                          void (*xStep)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**),
                          void (*xFinal)(sqlite3_context*));
  int  (*create_function16)(sqlite3*,const void*,int,int,void*,
                            void (*xFunc)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**),
                            void (*xStep)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**),
                            void (*xFinal)(sqlite3_context*));
  int (*create_module)(sqlite3*,const char*,const sqlite3_module*,void*);
  int  (*data_count)(sqlite3_stmt*pStmt);
  sqlite3 * (*db_handle)(sqlite3_stmt*);
  int (*declare_vtab)(sqlite3*,const char*);
  int  (*enable_shared_cache)(int);
  int  (*errcode)(sqlite3*db);
  const char * (*errmsg)(sqlite3*);
................................................................................
  void  (*result_null)(sqlite3_context*);
  void  (*result_text)(sqlite3_context*,const char*,int,void(*)(void*));
  void  (*result_text16)(sqlite3_context*,const void*,int,void(*)(void*));
  void  (*result_text16be)(sqlite3_context*,const void*,int,void(*)(void*));
  void  (*result_text16le)(sqlite3_context*,const void*,int,void(*)(void*));
  void  (*result_value)(sqlite3_context*,sqlite3_value*);
  void * (*rollback_hook)(sqlite3*,void(*)(void*),void*);
  int  (*set_authorizer)(sqlite3*,int(*)(void*,int,const char*,const char*,
                         const char*,const char*),void*);
  void  (*set_auxdata)(sqlite3_context*,int,void*,void (*)(void*));
  char * (*snprintf)(int,char*,const char*,...);
  int  (*step)(sqlite3_stmt*);
  int  (*table_column_metadata)(sqlite3*,const char*,const char*,const char*,
                                char const**,char const**,int*,int*,int*);
  void  (*thread_cleanup)(void);
  int  (*total_changes)(sqlite3*);
  void * (*trace)(sqlite3*,void(*xTrace)(void*,const char*),void*);
  int  (*transfer_bindings)(sqlite3_stmt*,sqlite3_stmt*);
  void * (*update_hook)(sqlite3*,void(*)(void*,int ,char const*,char const*,
                                         sqlite_int64),void*);
  void * (*user_data)(sqlite3_context*);
  const void * (*value_blob)(sqlite3_value*);
  int  (*value_bytes)(sqlite3_value*);
  int  (*value_bytes16)(sqlite3_value*);
  double  (*value_double)(sqlite3_value*);
  int  (*value_int)(sqlite3_value*);
  sqlite_int64  (*value_int64)(sqlite3_value*);
................................................................................
  /* Added ??? */
  int (*overload_function)(sqlite3*, const char *zFuncName, int nArg);
  /* Added by 3.3.13 */
  int (*prepare_v2)(sqlite3*,const char*,int,sqlite3_stmt**,const char**);
  int (*prepare16_v2)(sqlite3*,const void*,int,sqlite3_stmt**,const void**);
  int (*clear_bindings)(sqlite3_stmt*);
  /* Added by 3.4.1 */
  int (*create_module_v2)(sqlite3*,const char*,const sqlite3_module*,void*,
                          void (*xDestroy)(void *));
  /* Added by 3.5.0 */
  int (*bind_zeroblob)(sqlite3_stmt*,int,int);
  int (*blob_bytes)(sqlite3_blob*);
  int (*blob_close)(sqlite3_blob*);
  int (*blob_open)(sqlite3*,const char*,const char*,const char*,sqlite3_int64,
                   int,sqlite3_blob**);
  int (*blob_read)(sqlite3_blob*,void*,int,int);
  int (*blob_write)(sqlite3_blob*,const void*,int,int);
  int (*create_collation_v2)(sqlite3*,const char*,int,void*,
                             int(*)(void*,int,const void*,int,const void*),
                             void(*)(void*));
  int (*file_control)(sqlite3*,const char*,int,void*);
  sqlite3_int64 (*memory_highwater)(int);
  sqlite3_int64 (*memory_used)(void);
  sqlite3_mutex *(*mutex_alloc)(int);
  void (*mutex_enter)(sqlite3_mutex*);
  void (*mutex_free)(sqlite3_mutex*);
  void (*mutex_leave)(sqlite3_mutex*);
................................................................................
  int (*backup_finish)(sqlite3_backup*);
  sqlite3_backup *(*backup_init)(sqlite3*,const char*,sqlite3*,const char*);
  int (*backup_pagecount)(sqlite3_backup*);
  int (*backup_remaining)(sqlite3_backup*);
  int (*backup_step)(sqlite3_backup*,int);
  const char *(*compileoption_get)(int);
  int (*compileoption_used)(const char*);
  int (*create_function_v2)(sqlite3*,const char*,int,int,void*,
                            void (*xFunc)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**),
                            void (*xStep)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**),
                            void (*xFinal)(sqlite3_context*),
                            void(*xDestroy)(void*));
  int (*db_config)(sqlite3*,int,...);
  sqlite3_mutex *(*db_mutex)(sqlite3*);
  int (*db_status)(sqlite3*,int,int*,int*,int);
  int (*extended_errcode)(sqlite3*);
  void (*log)(int,const char*,...);
  sqlite3_int64 (*soft_heap_limit64)(sqlite3_int64);
  const char *(*sourceid)(void);
................................................................................
  char **pzErrMsg       /* Put error message here if not 0 */
){
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs = db->pVfs;
  void *handle;
  int (*xInit)(sqlite3*,char**,const sqlite3_api_routines*);
  char *zErrmsg = 0;
  void **aHandle;
  int nMsg = 300 + sqlite3Strlen30(zFile);

  if( pzErrMsg ) *pzErrMsg = 0;

  /* Ticket #1863.  To avoid a creating security problems for older
  ** applications that relink against newer versions of SQLite, the
  ** ability to run load_extension is turned off by default.  One
  ** must call sqlite3_enable_load_extension() to turn on extension
................................................................................
    }
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  xInit = (int(*)(sqlite3*,char**,const sqlite3_api_routines*))
                   sqlite3OsDlSym(pVfs, handle, zProc);
  if( xInit==0 ){
    if( pzErrMsg ){
      nMsg += sqlite3Strlen30(zProc);
      *pzErrMsg = zErrmsg = sqlite3_malloc(nMsg);
      if( zErrmsg ){
        sqlite3_snprintf(nMsg, zErrmsg,
            "no entry point [%s] in shared library [%s]", zProc,zFile);
        sqlite3OsDlError(pVfs, nMsg-1, zErrmsg);
      }
      sqlite3OsDlClose(pVfs, handle);
................................................................................
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft,"page_count")==0
   || sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft,"max_page_count")==0
  ){
    int iReg;
    if( sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ) goto pragma_out;
    sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iDb);
    iReg = ++pParse->nMem;
    if( sqlite3Tolower(zLeft[0])=='p' ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Pagecount, iDb, iReg);
    }else{
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MaxPgcnt, iDb, iReg, sqlite3Atoi(zRight));
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, iReg, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, zLeft, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
................................................................................
  **  PRAGMA [database.]journal_mode =
  **                      (delete|persist|off|truncate|memory|wal|off)
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft,"journal_mode")==0 ){
    int eMode;        /* One of the PAGER_JOURNALMODE_XXX symbols */
    int ii;           /* Loop counter */

    /* Force the schema to be loaded on all databases.  This causes all
    ** database files to be opened and the journal_modes set.  This is
    ** necessary because subsequent processing must know if the databases
    ** are in WAL mode. */
    if( sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ){
      goto pragma_out;
    }

    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "journal_mode", SQLITE_STATIC);

................................................................................
    static const VdbeOpList endCode[] = {
      { OP_AddImm,      1, 0,        0},    /* 0 */
      { OP_IfNeg,       1, 0,        0},    /* 1 */
      { OP_String8,     0, 3,        0},    /* 2 */
      { OP_ResultRow,   3, 1,        0},
    };

    int isQuick = (sqlite3Tolower(zLeft[0])=='q');

    /* Initialize the VDBE program */
    if( sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ) goto pragma_out;
    pParse->nMem = 6;
    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "integrity_check", SQLITE_STATIC);

................................................................................
){
  Select *pNew;
  Select standin;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  pNew = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(*pNew) );
  assert( db->mallocFailed || !pOffset || pLimit ); /* OFFSET implies LIMIT */
  if( pNew==0 ){
    assert( db->mallocFailed );
    pNew = &standin;
    memset(pNew, 0, sizeof(*pNew));
  }
  if( pEList==0 ){
    pEList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, 0, sqlite3Expr(db,TK_ALL,0));
  }
  pNew->pEList = pEList;
................................................................................
  if( db->mallocFailed ) {
    clearSelect(db, pNew);
    if( pNew!=&standin ) sqlite3DbFree(db, pNew);
    pNew = 0;
  }else{
    assert( pNew->pSrc!=0 || pParse->nErr>0 );
  }
  assert( pNew!=&standin );
  return pNew;
}

/*
** Delete the given Select structure and all of its substructures.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SelectDelete(sqlite3 *db, Select *p){
................................................................................
               || p->pRight->u.zToken==0 || p->pRight->u.zToken[0]!=0 );
    if( (zName = pEList->a[i].zName)!=0 ){
      /* If the column contains an "AS <name>" phrase, use <name> as the name */
      zName = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, zName);
    }else{
      Expr *pColExpr = p;  /* The expression that is the result column name */
      Table *pTab;         /* Table associated with this expression */
      while( pColExpr->op==TK_DOT ){
        pColExpr = pColExpr->pRight;
        assert( pColExpr!=0 );
      }
      if( pColExpr->op==TK_COLUMN && ALWAYS(pColExpr->pTab!=0) ){
        /* For columns use the column name name */
        int iCol = pColExpr->iColumn;
        pTab = pColExpr->pTab;
        if( iCol<0 ) iCol = pTab->iPKey;
        zName = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%s",
                 iCol>=0 ? pTab->aCol[iCol].zName : "rowid");
................................................................................
        if( pIdx->onError==OE_Replace ){
          openAll = 1;
          break;
        }
      }
    }
    for(i=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, i++){
      assert( aRegIdx );
      if( openAll || aRegIdx[i]>0 ){
        KeyInfo *pKey = sqlite3IndexKeyinfo(pParse, pIdx);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_OpenWrite, iCur+i+1, pIdx->tnum, iDb,
                       (char*)pKey, P4_KEYINFO_HANDOFF);
        assert( pParse->nTab>iCur+i+1 );
      }
    }
................................................................................
  ** all record selected by the WHERE clause have been updated.
  */
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, addr);
  sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);

  /* Close all tables */
  for(i=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, i++){
    assert( aRegIdx );
    if( openAll || aRegIdx[i]>0 ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, iCur+i+1, 0);
    }
  }
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, iCur, 0);

  /* Update the sqlite_sequence table by storing the content of the
................................................................................
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  if( SQLITE_OK!=sqlite3_prepare(db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0) ){
    sqlite3SetString(pzErrMsg, db, sqlite3_errmsg(db));
    return sqlite3_errcode(db);
  }
  VVA_ONLY( rc = ) sqlite3_step(pStmt);
  assert( rc!=SQLITE_ROW || (db->flags&SQLITE_CountRows) );
  return vacuumFinalize(db, pStmt, pzErrMsg);
}

/*
** Execute zSql on database db. The statement returns exactly
** one column. Execute this as SQL on the same database.
*/
................................................................................
      "  SELECT type, name, tbl_name, rootpage, sql"
      "    FROM main.sqlite_master"
      "   WHERE type='view' OR type='trigger'"
      "      OR (type='table' AND rootpage=0)"
  );
  if( rc ) goto end_of_vacuum;

  /* At this point, there is a write transaction open on both the 
  ** vacuum database and the main database. Assuming no error occurs,
  ** both transactions are closed by this block - the main database
  ** transaction by sqlite3BtreeCopyFile() and the other by an explicit
  ** call to sqlite3BtreeCommit().



  */
  {
    u32 meta;
    int i;

    /* This array determines which meta meta values are preserved in the
    ** vacuum.  Even entries are the meta value number and odd entries
................................................................................
  assert( op==SAVEPOINT_RELEASE||op==SAVEPOINT_ROLLBACK||op==SAVEPOINT_BEGIN );
  assert( iSavepoint>=0 );
  if( db->aVTrans ){
    int i;
    for(i=0; rc==SQLITE_OK && i<db->nVTrans; i++){
      VTable *pVTab = db->aVTrans[i];
      const sqlite3_module *pMod = pVTab->pMod->pModule;
      if( pVTab->pVtab && pMod->iVersion>=2 ){
        int (*xMethod)(sqlite3_vtab *, int);
        switch( op ){
          case SAVEPOINT_BEGIN:
            xMethod = pMod->xSavepoint;
            pVTab->iSavepoint = iSavepoint+1;
            break;
          case SAVEPOINT_ROLLBACK:
................................................................................
            xMethod = pMod->xRollbackTo;
            break;
          default:
            xMethod = pMod->xRelease;
            break;
        }
        if( xMethod && pVTab->iSavepoint>iSavepoint ){
          rc = xMethod(pVTab->pVtab, iSavepoint);
        }
      }
    }
  }
  return rc;
}

................................................................................
#define TERM_DYNAMIC    0x01   /* Need to call sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pExpr) */
#define TERM_VIRTUAL    0x02   /* Added by the optimizer.  Do not code */
#define TERM_CODED      0x04   /* This term is already coded */
#define TERM_COPIED     0x08   /* Has a child */
#define TERM_ORINFO     0x10   /* Need to free the WhereTerm.u.pOrInfo object */
#define TERM_ANDINFO    0x20   /* Need to free the WhereTerm.u.pAndInfo obj */
#define TERM_OR_OK      0x40   /* Used during OR-clause processing */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
#  define TERM_VNULL    0x80   /* Manufactured x>NULL or x<=NULL term */
#else
#  define TERM_VNULL    0x00   /* Disabled if not using stat3 */
#endif

/*
** An instance of the following structure holds all information about a
** WHERE clause.  Mostly this is a container for one or more WhereTerms.
**
** Explanation of pOuter:  For a WHERE clause of the form
**
**           a AND ((b AND c) OR (d AND e)) AND f
**
** There are separate WhereClause objects for the whole clause and for
** the subclauses "(b AND c)" and "(d AND e)".  The pOuter field of the
** subclauses points to the WhereClause object for the whole clause.
*/
struct WhereClause {
  Parse *pParse;           /* The parser context */
  WhereMaskSet *pMaskSet;  /* Mapping of table cursor numbers to bitmasks */
  Bitmask vmask;           /* Bitmask identifying virtual table cursors */
  WhereClause *pOuter;     /* Outer conjunction */
  u8 op;                   /* Split operator.  TK_AND or TK_OR */
  u16 wctrlFlags;          /* Might include WHERE_AND_ONLY */
  int nTerm;               /* Number of terms */
  int nSlot;               /* Number of entries in a[] */
  WhereTerm *a;            /* Each a[] describes a term of the WHERE cluase */
#if defined(SQLITE_SMALL_STACK)
  WhereTerm aStatic[1];    /* Initial static space for a[] */
#else
  WhereTerm aStatic[8];    /* Initial static space for a[] */
................................................................................

/*
** Initialize a preallocated WhereClause structure.
*/
static void whereClauseInit(
  WhereClause *pWC,        /* The WhereClause to be initialized */
  Parse *pParse,           /* The parsing context */
  WhereMaskSet *pMaskSet,  /* Mapping from table cursor numbers to bitmasks */
  u16 wctrlFlags           /* Might include WHERE_AND_ONLY */
){
  pWC->pParse = pParse;
  pWC->pMaskSet = pMaskSet;
  pWC->pOuter = 0;
  pWC->nTerm = 0;
  pWC->nSlot = ArraySize(pWC->aStatic);
  pWC->a = pWC->aStatic;
  pWC->vmask = 0;
  pWC->wctrlFlags = wctrlFlags;
}

/* Forward reference */
static void whereClauseClear(WhereClause*);

/*
** Deallocate all memory associated with a WhereOrInfo object.
................................................................................
  u32 op,               /* Mask of WO_xx values describing operator */
  Index *pIdx           /* Must be compatible with this index, if not NULL */
){
  WhereTerm *pTerm;
  int k;
  assert( iCur>=0 );
  op &= WO_ALL;
  for(; pWC; pWC=pWC->pOuter){
    for(pTerm=pWC->a, k=pWC->nTerm; k; k--, pTerm++){
      if( pTerm->leftCursor==iCur
         && (pTerm->prereqRight & notReady)==0
         && pTerm->u.leftColumn==iColumn
         && (pTerm->eOperator & op)!=0
      ){
        if( pIdx && pTerm->eOperator!=WO_ISNULL ){
          Expr *pX = pTerm->pExpr;
          CollSeq *pColl;
          char idxaff;
          int j;
          Parse *pParse = pWC->pParse;
  
          idxaff = pIdx->pTable->aCol[iColumn].affinity;
          if( !sqlite3IndexAffinityOk(pX, idxaff) ) continue;
  
          /* Figure out the collation sequence required from an index for
          ** it to be useful for optimising expression pX. Store this
          ** value in variable pColl.
          */
          assert(pX->pLeft);
          pColl = sqlite3BinaryCompareCollSeq(pParse, pX->pLeft, pX->pRight);
          assert(pColl || pParse->nErr);
  
          for(j=0; pIdx->aiColumn[j]!=iColumn; j++){
            if( NEVER(j>=pIdx->nColumn) ) return 0;
          }
          if( pColl && sqlite3StrICmp(pColl->zName, pIdx->azColl[j]) ) continue;
        }
        return pTerm;
      }
    }
  }
  return 0;
}

/* Forward reference */
static void exprAnalyze(SrcList*, WhereClause*, int);
................................................................................
  if( op==TK_VARIABLE ){
    Vdbe *pReprepare = pParse->pReprepare;
    int iCol = pRight->iColumn;
    pVal = sqlite3VdbeGetValue(pReprepare, iCol, SQLITE_AFF_NONE);
    if( pVal && sqlite3_value_type(pVal)==SQLITE_TEXT ){
      z = (char *)sqlite3_value_text(pVal);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeSetVarmask(pParse->pVdbe, iCol);
    assert( pRight->op==TK_VARIABLE || pRight->op==TK_REGISTER );
  }else if( op==TK_STRING ){
    z = pRight->u.zToken;
  }
  if( z ){
    cnt = 0;
    while( (c=z[cnt])!=0 && c!=wc[0] && c!=wc[1] && c!=wc[2] ){
................................................................................
      Expr *pPrefix;
      *pisComplete = c==wc[0] && z[cnt+1]==0;
      pPrefix = sqlite3Expr(db, TK_STRING, z);
      if( pPrefix ) pPrefix->u.zToken[cnt] = 0;
      *ppPrefix = pPrefix;
      if( op==TK_VARIABLE ){
        Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
        sqlite3VdbeSetVarmask(v, pRight->iColumn);
        if( *pisComplete && pRight->u.zToken[1] ){
          /* If the rhs of the LIKE expression is a variable, and the current
          ** value of the variable means there is no need to invoke the LIKE
          ** function, then no OP_Variable will be added to the program.
          ** This causes problems for the sqlite3_bind_parameter_name()
          ** API. To workaround them, add a dummy OP_Variable here.
          */ 
................................................................................
  */
  assert( (pTerm->wtFlags & (TERM_DYNAMIC|TERM_ORINFO|TERM_ANDINFO))==0 );
  assert( pExpr->op==TK_OR );
  pTerm->u.pOrInfo = pOrInfo = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(*pOrInfo));
  if( pOrInfo==0 ) return;
  pTerm->wtFlags |= TERM_ORINFO;
  pOrWc = &pOrInfo->wc;
  whereClauseInit(pOrWc, pWC->pParse, pMaskSet, pWC->wctrlFlags);
  whereSplit(pOrWc, pExpr, TK_OR);
  exprAnalyzeAll(pSrc, pOrWc);
  if( db->mallocFailed ) return;
  assert( pOrWc->nTerm>=2 );

  /*
  ** Compute the set of tables that might satisfy cases 1 or 2.
................................................................................
        WhereTerm *pAndTerm;
        int j;
        Bitmask b = 0;
        pOrTerm->u.pAndInfo = pAndInfo;
        pOrTerm->wtFlags |= TERM_ANDINFO;
        pOrTerm->eOperator = WO_AND;
        pAndWC = &pAndInfo->wc;
        whereClauseInit(pAndWC, pWC->pParse, pMaskSet, pWC->wctrlFlags);
        whereSplit(pAndWC, pOrTerm->pExpr, TK_AND);
        exprAnalyzeAll(pSrc, pAndWC);
        pAndWC->pOuter = pWC;
        testcase( db->mallocFailed );
        if( !db->mallocFailed ){
          for(j=0, pAndTerm=pAndWC->a; j<pAndWC->nTerm; j++, pAndTerm++){
            assert( pAndTerm->pExpr );
            if( allowedOp(pAndTerm->pExpr->op) ){
              b |= getMask(pMaskSet, pAndTerm->leftCursor);
            }
................................................................................
      pTerm->nChild = 1;
      pTerm->wtFlags |= TERM_COPIED;
      pNewTerm->prereqAll = pTerm->prereqAll;
    }
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
  /* When sqlite_stat3 histogram data is available an operator of the
  ** form "x IS NOT NULL" can sometimes be evaluated more efficiently
  ** as "x>NULL" if x is not an INTEGER PRIMARY KEY.  So construct a
  ** virtual term of that form.
  **
  ** Note that the virtual term must be tagged with TERM_VNULL.  This
  ** TERM_VNULL tag will suppress the not-null check at the beginning
  ** of the loop.  Without the TERM_VNULL flag, the not-null check at
................................................................................
      pNewTerm->iParent = idxTerm;
      pTerm = &pWC->a[idxTerm];
      pTerm->nChild = 1;
      pTerm->wtFlags |= TERM_COPIED;
      pNewTerm->prereqAll = pTerm->prereqAll;
    }
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT */

  /* Prevent ON clause terms of a LEFT JOIN from being used to drive
  ** an index for tables to the left of the join.
  */
  pTerm->prereqRight |= extraRight;
}

................................................................................
){
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_OR_OPTIMIZATION
  const int iCur = pSrc->iCursor;   /* The cursor of the table to be accessed */
  const Bitmask maskSrc = getMask(pWC->pMaskSet, iCur);  /* Bitmask for pSrc */
  WhereTerm * const pWCEnd = &pWC->a[pWC->nTerm];        /* End of pWC->a[] */
  WhereTerm *pTerm;                 /* A single term of the WHERE clause */

  /* The OR-clause optimization is disallowed if the INDEXED BY or
  ** NOT INDEXED clauses are used or if the WHERE_AND_ONLY bit is set. */
  if( pSrc->notIndexed || pSrc->pIndex!=0 ){
    return;
  }
  if( pWC->wctrlFlags & WHERE_AND_ONLY ){
    return;
  }

  /* Search the WHERE clause terms for a usable WO_OR term. */
  for(pTerm=pWC->a; pTerm<pWCEnd; pTerm++){
    if( pTerm->eOperator==WO_OR 
     && ((pTerm->prereqAll & ~maskSrc) & notReady)==0
     && (pTerm->u.pOrInfo->indexable & maskSrc)!=0 
................................................................................
        if( pOrTerm->eOperator==WO_AND ){
          WhereClause *pAndWC = &pOrTerm->u.pAndInfo->wc;
          bestIndex(pParse, pAndWC, pSrc, notReady, notValid, 0, &sTermCost);
        }else if( pOrTerm->leftCursor==iCur ){
          WhereClause tempWC;
          tempWC.pParse = pWC->pParse;
          tempWC.pMaskSet = pWC->pMaskSet;
          tempWC.pOuter = pWC;
          tempWC.op = TK_AND;
          tempWC.a = pOrTerm;
          tempWC.wctrlFlags = 0;
          tempWC.nTerm = 1;
          bestIndex(pParse, &tempWC, pSrc, notReady, notValid, 0, &sTermCost);
        }else{
          continue;
        }
        rTotal += sTermCost.rCost;
        nRow += sTermCost.plan.nRow;
................................................................................
  /* Try to find a more efficient access pattern by using multiple indexes
  ** to optimize an OR expression within the WHERE clause. 
  */
  bestOrClauseIndex(pParse, pWC, pSrc, notReady, notValid, pOrderBy, pCost);
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
/*

** Estimate the location of a particular key among all keys in an
** index.  Store the results in aStat as follows:





**





**    aStat[0]      Est. number of rows less than pVal
**    aStat[1]      Est. number of rows equal to pVal
**





** Return SQLITE_OK on success.
*/

static int whereKeyStats(
  Parse *pParse,              /* Database connection */
  Index *pIdx,                /* Index to consider domain of */
  sqlite3_value *pVal,        /* Value to consider */
  int roundUp,                /* Round up if true.  Round down if false */
  tRowcnt *aStat              /* OUT: stats written here */
){
  tRowcnt n;
  IndexSample *aSample;
  int i, eType;
  int isEq = 0;
  i64 v;
  double r, rS;

  assert( roundUp==0 || roundUp==1 );

  assert( pIdx->nSample>0 );
  if( pVal==0 ) return SQLITE_ERROR;
  n = pIdx->aiRowEst[0];
  aSample = pIdx->aSample;

  eType = sqlite3_value_type(pVal);

  if( eType==SQLITE_INTEGER ){
    v = sqlite3_value_int64(pVal);
    r = (i64)v;
    for(i=0; i<pIdx->nSample; i++){
      if( aSample[i].eType==SQLITE_NULL ) continue;
      if( aSample[i].eType>=SQLITE_TEXT ) break;
      if( aSample[i].eType==SQLITE_INTEGER ){
        if( aSample[i].u.i>=v ){
          isEq = aSample[i].u.i==v;
          break;
        }
      }else{
        assert( aSample[i].eType==SQLITE_FLOAT );
        if( aSample[i].u.r>=r ){
          isEq = aSample[i].u.r==r;
          break;
        }
      }
    }
  }else if( eType==SQLITE_FLOAT ){
    r = sqlite3_value_double(pVal);

    for(i=0; i<pIdx->nSample; i++){
      if( aSample[i].eType==SQLITE_NULL ) continue;
      if( aSample[i].eType>=SQLITE_TEXT ) break;

      if( aSample[i].eType==SQLITE_FLOAT ){
        rS = aSample[i].u.r;
      }else{
        rS = aSample[i].u.i;
      }
      if( rS>=r ){
        isEq = rS==r;
        break;
      }
    }
  }else if( eType==SQLITE_NULL ){
    i = 0;

    if( aSample[0].eType==SQLITE_NULL ) isEq = 1;

  }else{
    assert( eType==SQLITE_TEXT || eType==SQLITE_BLOB );
    for(i=0; i<pIdx->nSample; i++){
      if( aSample[i].eType==SQLITE_TEXT || aSample[i].eType==SQLITE_BLOB ){
        break;
      }
    }
    if( i<pIdx->nSample ){      
      sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
      CollSeq *pColl;
      const u8 *z;





      if( eType==SQLITE_BLOB ){
        z = (const u8 *)sqlite3_value_blob(pVal);
        pColl = db->pDfltColl;
        assert( pColl->enc==SQLITE_UTF8 );
      }else{
        pColl = sqlite3GetCollSeq(db, SQLITE_UTF8, 0, *pIdx->azColl);
        if( pColl==0 ){
................................................................................
        z = (const u8 *)sqlite3ValueText(pVal, pColl->enc);
        if( !z ){
          return SQLITE_NOMEM;
        }
        assert( z && pColl && pColl->xCmp );
      }
      n = sqlite3ValueBytes(pVal, pColl->enc);
  
      for(; i<pIdx->nSample; i++){
        int c;
        int eSampletype = aSample[i].eType;
        if( eSampletype<eType ) continue;
        if( eSampletype!=eType ) break;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16
        if( pColl->enc!=SQLITE_UTF8 ){
          int nSample;
          char *zSample = sqlite3Utf8to16(
              db, pColl->enc, aSample[i].u.z, aSample[i].nByte, &nSample
          );
          if( !zSample ){
................................................................................
          c = pColl->xCmp(pColl->pUser, nSample, zSample, n, z);
          sqlite3DbFree(db, zSample);
        }else
#endif
        {
          c = pColl->xCmp(pColl->pUser, aSample[i].nByte, aSample[i].u.z, n, z);
        }
        if( c>=0 ){
          if( c==0 ) isEq = 1;
          break;
        }
      }
    }


  }

  /* At this point, aSample[i] is the first sample that is greater than
  ** or equal to pVal.  Or if i==pIdx->nSample, then all samples are less
  ** than pVal.  If aSample[i]==pVal, then isEq==1.
  */
  if( isEq ){
    assert( i<pIdx->nSample );
    aStat[0] = aSample[i].nLt;
    aStat[1] = aSample[i].nEq;
  }else{
    tRowcnt iLower, iUpper, iGap;
    if( i==0 ){
      iLower = 0;
      iUpper = aSample[0].nLt;
    }else{
      iUpper = i>=pIdx->nSample ? n : aSample[i].nLt;
      iLower = aSample[i-1].nEq + aSample[i-1].nLt;
    }
    aStat[1] = pIdx->avgEq;
    if( iLower>=iUpper ){
      iGap = 0;
    }else{
      iGap = iUpper - iLower;
    }
    if( roundUp ){
      iGap = (iGap*2)/3;
    }else{
      iGap = iGap/3;
    }
    aStat[0] = iLower + iGap;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 */

/*
** If expression pExpr represents a literal value, set *pp to point to
** an sqlite3_value structure containing the same value, with affinity
** aff applied to it, before returning. It is the responsibility of the 
** caller to eventually release this structure by passing it to 
** sqlite3ValueFree().
................................................................................
** create an sqlite3_value structure containing this value, again with
** affinity aff applied to it, instead.
**
** If neither of the above apply, set *pp to NULL.
**
** If an error occurs, return an error code. Otherwise, SQLITE_OK.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
static int valueFromExpr(
  Parse *pParse, 
  Expr *pExpr, 
  u8 aff, 
  sqlite3_value **pp
){
  if( pExpr->op==TK_VARIABLE
   || (pExpr->op==TK_REGISTER && pExpr->op2==TK_VARIABLE)
  ){
    int iVar = pExpr->iColumn;
    sqlite3VdbeSetVarmask(pParse->pVdbe, iVar);
    *pp = sqlite3VdbeGetValue(pParse->pReprepare, iVar, aff);
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  return sqlite3ValueFromExpr(pParse->db, pExpr, SQLITE_UTF8, aff, pp);
}
#endif

................................................................................
** then nEq should be passed the value 1 (as the range restricted column,
** b, is the second left-most column of the index). Or, if the query is:
**
**   ... FROM t1 WHERE a > ? AND a < ? ...
**
** then nEq should be passed 0.
**
** The returned value is an integer divisor to reduce the estimated
** search space.  A return value of 1 means that range constraints are
** no help at all.  A return value of 2 means range constraints are
** expected to reduce the search space by half.  And so forth...


**
** In the absence of sqlite_stat3 ANALYZE data, each range inequality
** reduces the search space by a factor of 4.  Hence a single constraint (x>?)
** results in a return of 4 and a range constraint (x>? AND x<?) results
** in a return of 16.
*/
static int whereRangeScanEst(
  Parse *pParse,       /* Parsing & code generating context */
  Index *p,            /* The index containing the range-compared column; "x" */
  int nEq,             /* index into p->aCol[] of the range-compared column */
  WhereTerm *pLower,   /* Lower bound on the range. ex: "x>123" Might be NULL */
  WhereTerm *pUpper,   /* Upper bound on the range. ex: "x<455" Might be NULL */
  double *pRangeDiv   /* OUT: Reduce search space by this divisor */
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3

  if( nEq==0 && p->nSample ){
    sqlite3_value *pRangeVal;


    tRowcnt iLower = 0;
    tRowcnt iUpper = p->aiRowEst[0];


    tRowcnt a[2];
    u8 aff = p->pTable->aCol[p->aiColumn[0]].affinity;

    if( pLower ){
      Expr *pExpr = pLower->pExpr->pRight;
      rc = valueFromExpr(pParse, pExpr, aff, &pRangeVal);
      assert( pLower->eOperator==WO_GT || pLower->eOperator==WO_GE );
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK
       && whereKeyStats(pParse, p, pRangeVal, 0, a)==SQLITE_OK
      ){
        iLower = a[0];
        if( pLower->eOperator==WO_GT ) iLower += a[1];
      }
      sqlite3ValueFree(pRangeVal);
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pUpper ){
      Expr *pExpr = pUpper->pExpr->pRight;
      rc = valueFromExpr(pParse, pExpr, aff, &pRangeVal);
      assert( pUpper->eOperator==WO_LT || pUpper->eOperator==WO_LE );
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK
       && whereKeyStats(pParse, p, pRangeVal, 1, a)==SQLITE_OK
      ){
        iUpper = a[0];
        if( pUpper->eOperator==WO_LE ) iUpper += a[1];
      }
      sqlite3ValueFree(pRangeVal);
    }





    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      if( iUpper<=iLower ){
        *pRangeDiv = (double)p->aiRowEst[0];


      }else{



        *pRangeDiv = (double)p->aiRowEst[0]/(double)(iUpper - iLower);
      }

      WHERETRACE(("range scan regions: %u..%u  div=%g\n",
                  (u32)iLower, (u32)iUpper, *pRangeDiv));
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }







  }





#else
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pParse);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(p);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(nEq);
#endif
  assert( pLower || pUpper );

  *pRangeDiv = (double)1;
  if( pLower && (pLower->wtFlags & TERM_VNULL)==0 ) *pRangeDiv *= (double)4;
  if( pUpper ) *pRangeDiv *= (double)4;
  return rc;
}

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
/*
** Estimate the number of rows that will be returned based on
** an equality constraint x=VALUE and where that VALUE occurs in
** the histogram data.  This only works when x is the left-most
** column of an index and sqlite_stat3 histogram data is available
** for that index.  When pExpr==NULL that means the constraint is
** "x IS NULL" instead of "x=VALUE".
**
** Write the estimated row count into *pnRow and return SQLITE_OK. 
** If unable to make an estimate, leave *pnRow unchanged and return
** non-zero.
**
................................................................................
static int whereEqualScanEst(
  Parse *pParse,       /* Parsing & code generating context */
  Index *p,            /* The index whose left-most column is pTerm */
  Expr *pExpr,         /* Expression for VALUE in the x=VALUE constraint */
  double *pnRow        /* Write the revised row estimate here */
){
  sqlite3_value *pRhs = 0;  /* VALUE on right-hand side of pTerm */

  u8 aff;                   /* Column affinity */
  int rc;                   /* Subfunction return code */

  tRowcnt a[2];             /* Statistics */

  assert( p->aSample!=0 );
  assert( p->nSample>0 );
  aff = p->pTable->aCol[p->aiColumn[0]].affinity;
  if( pExpr ){
    rc = valueFromExpr(pParse, pExpr, aff, &pRhs);
    if( rc ) goto whereEqualScanEst_cancel;
  }else{
    pRhs = sqlite3ValueNew(pParse->db);
  }
  if( pRhs==0 ) return SQLITE_NOTFOUND;
  rc = whereKeyStats(pParse, p, pRhs, 0, a);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){


    WHERETRACE(("equality scan regions: %d\n", (int)a[1]));





    *pnRow = a[1];
  }

whereEqualScanEst_cancel:
  sqlite3ValueFree(pRhs);
  return rc;
}
#endif /* defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3) */

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
/*
** Estimate the number of rows that will be returned based on
** an IN constraint where the right-hand side of the IN operator
** is a list of values.  Example:
**
**        WHERE x IN (1,2,3,4)
**
................................................................................
*/
static int whereInScanEst(
  Parse *pParse,       /* Parsing & code generating context */
  Index *p,            /* The index whose left-most column is pTerm */
  ExprList *pList,     /* The value list on the RHS of "x IN (v1,v2,v3,...)" */
  double *pnRow        /* Write the revised row estimate here */
){



  int rc = SQLITE_OK;         /* Subfunction return code */
  double nEst;                /* Number of rows for a single term */
  double nRowEst = (double)0; /* New estimate of the number of rows */



  int i;                      /* Loop counter */



  assert( p->aSample!=0 );



  for(i=0; rc==SQLITE_OK && i<pList->nExpr; i++){






    nEst = p->aiRowEst[0];
    rc = whereEqualScanEst(pParse, p, pList->a[i].pExpr, &nEst);
    nRowEst += nEst;
  }











  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){









    if( nRowEst > p->aiRowEst[0] ) nRowEst = p->aiRowEst[0];
    *pnRow = nRowEst;
    WHERETRACE(("IN row estimate: est=%g\n", nRowEst));

  }

  return rc;
}
#endif /* defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3) */


/*
** Find the best query plan for accessing a particular table.  Write the
** best query plan and its cost into the WhereCost object supplied as the
** last parameter.
**
................................................................................
){
  int iCur = pSrc->iCursor;   /* The cursor of the table to be accessed */
  Index *pProbe;              /* An index we are evaluating */
  Index *pIdx;                /* Copy of pProbe, or zero for IPK index */
  int eqTermMask;             /* Current mask of valid equality operators */
  int idxEqTermMask;          /* Index mask of valid equality operators */
  Index sPk;                  /* A fake index object for the primary key */
  tRowcnt aiRowEstPk[2];      /* The aiRowEst[] value for the sPk index */
  int aiColumnPk = -1;        /* The aColumn[] value for the sPk index */
  int wsFlagMask;             /* Allowed flags in pCost->plan.wsFlag */

  /* Initialize the cost to a worst-case value */
  memset(pCost, 0, sizeof(*pCost));
  pCost->rCost = SQLITE_BIG_DBL;

................................................................................
    eqTermMask = WO_EQ|WO_IN;
    pIdx = 0;
  }

  /* Loop over all indices looking for the best one to use
  */
  for(; pProbe; pIdx=pProbe=pProbe->pNext){
    const tRowcnt * const aiRowEst = pProbe->aiRowEst;
    double cost;                /* Cost of using pProbe */
    double nRow;                /* Estimated number of rows in result set */
    double log10N = (double)1;  /* base-10 logarithm of nRow (inexact) */
    int rev;                    /* True to scan in reverse order */
    int wsFlags = 0;
    Bitmask used = 0;

    /* The following variables are populated based on the properties of
    ** index being evaluated. They are then used to determine the expected
    ** cost and number of rows returned.
................................................................................
    **
    **  bInEst:  
    **    Set to true if there was at least one "x IN (SELECT ...)" term used 
    **    in determining the value of nInMul.  Note that the RHS of the
    **    IN operator must be a SELECT, not a value list, for this variable
    **    to be true.
    **
    **  rangeDiv:
    **    An estimate of a divisor by which to reduce the search space due
    **    to inequality constraints.  In the absence of sqlite_stat3 ANALYZE


    **    data, a single inequality reduces the search space to 1/4rd its


    **    original size (rangeDiv==4).  Two inequalities reduce the search
    **    space to 1/16th of its original size (rangeDiv==16).
    **
    **  bSort:   
    **    Boolean. True if there is an ORDER BY clause that will require an 
    **    external sort (i.e. scanning the index being evaluated will not 
    **    correctly order records).
    **
    **  bLookup: 
................................................................................
    **
    **             SELECT a, b    FROM tbl WHERE a = 1;
    **             SELECT a, b, c FROM tbl WHERE a = 1;
    */
    int nEq;                      /* Number of == or IN terms matching index */
    int bInEst = 0;               /* True if "x IN (SELECT...)" seen */
    int nInMul = 1;               /* Number of distinct equalities to lookup */
    double rangeDiv = (double)1;  /* Estimated reduction in search space */
    int nBound = 0;               /* Number of range constraints seen */
    int bSort = !!pOrderBy;       /* True if external sort required */
    int bDist = !!pDistinct;      /* True if index cannot help with DISTINCT */
    int bLookup = 0;              /* True if not a covering index */
    WhereTerm *pTerm;             /* A single term of the WHERE clause */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
    WhereTerm *pFirstTerm = 0;    /* First term matching the index */
#endif

    /* Determine the values of nEq and nInMul */
    for(nEq=0; nEq<pProbe->nColumn; nEq++){
      int j = pProbe->aiColumn[nEq];
      pTerm = findTerm(pWC, iCur, j, notReady, eqTermMask, pIdx);
      if( pTerm==0 ) break;
      wsFlags |= (WHERE_COLUMN_EQ|WHERE_ROWID_EQ);
      testcase( pTerm->pWC!=pWC );
      if( pTerm->eOperator & WO_IN ){
        Expr *pExpr = pTerm->pExpr;
        wsFlags |= WHERE_COLUMN_IN;
        if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
          /* "x IN (SELECT ...)":  Assume the SELECT returns 25 rows */
          nInMul *= 25;
          bInEst = 1;
................................................................................
        }else if( ALWAYS(pExpr->x.pList && pExpr->x.pList->nExpr) ){
          /* "x IN (value, value, ...)" */
          nInMul *= pExpr->x.pList->nExpr;
        }
      }else if( pTerm->eOperator & WO_ISNULL ){
        wsFlags |= WHERE_COLUMN_NULL;
      }
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
      if( nEq==0 && pProbe->aSample ) pFirstTerm = pTerm;
#endif
      used |= pTerm->prereqRight;
    }

    /* Determine the value of rangeDiv */
    if( nEq<pProbe->nColumn && pProbe->bUnordered==0 ){
      int j = pProbe->aiColumn[nEq];
      if( findTerm(pWC, iCur, j, notReady, WO_LT|WO_LE|WO_GT|WO_GE, pIdx) ){
        WhereTerm *pTop = findTerm(pWC, iCur, j, notReady, WO_LT|WO_LE, pIdx);
        WhereTerm *pBtm = findTerm(pWC, iCur, j, notReady, WO_GT|WO_GE, pIdx);
        whereRangeScanEst(pParse, pProbe, nEq, pBtm, pTop, &rangeDiv);
        if( pTop ){
          nBound = 1;
          wsFlags |= WHERE_TOP_LIMIT;
          used |= pTop->prereqRight;
          testcase( pTop->pWC!=pWC );
        }
        if( pBtm ){
          nBound++;
          wsFlags |= WHERE_BTM_LIMIT;
          used |= pBtm->prereqRight;
          testcase( pBtm->pWC!=pWC );
        }
        wsFlags |= (WHERE_COLUMN_RANGE|WHERE_ROWID_RANGE);
      }
    }else if( pProbe->onError!=OE_None ){
      testcase( wsFlags & WHERE_COLUMN_IN );
      testcase( wsFlags & WHERE_COLUMN_NULL );
      if( (wsFlags & (WHERE_COLUMN_IN|WHERE_COLUMN_NULL))==0 ){
................................................................................
    */
    nRow = (double)(aiRowEst[nEq] * nInMul);
    if( bInEst && nRow*2>aiRowEst[0] ){
      nRow = aiRowEst[0]/2;
      nInMul = (int)(nRow / aiRowEst[nEq]);
    }

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
    /* If the constraint is of the form x=VALUE or x IN (E1,E2,...)
    ** and we do not think that values of x are unique and if histogram
    ** data is available for column x, then it might be possible
    ** to get a better estimate on the number of rows based on
    ** VALUE and how common that value is according to the histogram.
    */
    if( nRow>(double)1 && nEq==1 && pFirstTerm!=0 && aiRowEst[1]>1 ){
      assert( (pFirstTerm->eOperator & (WO_EQ|WO_ISNULL|WO_IN))!=0 );
      if( pFirstTerm->eOperator & (WO_EQ|WO_ISNULL) ){
        testcase( pFirstTerm->eOperator==WO_EQ );
        testcase( pFirstTerm->eOperator==WO_ISNULL );
        whereEqualScanEst(pParse, pProbe, pFirstTerm->pExpr->pRight, &nRow);
      }else if( bInEst==0 ){
        assert( pFirstTerm->eOperator==WO_IN );
        whereInScanEst(pParse, pProbe, pFirstTerm->pExpr->x.pList, &nRow);
      }
    }
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 */

    /* Adjust the number of output rows and downward to reflect rows
    ** that are excluded by range constraints.
    */
    nRow = nRow/rangeDiv;
    if( nRow<1 ) nRow = 1;

    /* Experiments run on real SQLite databases show that the time needed
    ** to do a binary search to locate a row in a table or index is roughly
    ** log10(N) times the time to move from one row to the next row within
    ** a table or index.  The actual times can vary, with the size of
    ** records being an important factor.  Both moves and searches are
    ** slower with larger records, presumably because fewer records fit
    ** on one page and hence more pages have to be fetched.
    **
    ** The ANALYZE command and the sqlite_stat1 and sqlite_stat3 tables do
    ** not give us data on the relative sizes of table and index records.
    ** So this computation assumes table records are about twice as big
    ** as index records
    */
    if( (wsFlags & WHERE_NOT_FULLSCAN)==0 ){
      /* The cost of a full table scan is a number of move operations equal
      ** to the number of rows in the table.
................................................................................
        }
      }
      if( nRow<2 ) nRow = 2;
    }


    WHERETRACE((
      "%s(%s): nEq=%d nInMul=%d rangeDiv=%d bSort=%d bLookup=%d wsFlags=0x%x\n"
      "         notReady=0x%llx log10N=%.1f nRow=%.1f cost=%.1f used=0x%llx\n",
      pSrc->pTab->zName, (pIdx ? pIdx->zName : "ipk"), 
      nEq, nInMul, (int)rangeDiv, bSort, bLookup, wsFlags,
      notReady, log10N, nRow, cost, used
    ));

    /* If this index is the best we have seen so far, then record this
    ** index and its cost in the pCost structure.
    */
    if( (!pIdx || wsFlags)
................................................................................
** Generate code for the start of the iLevel-th loop in the WHERE clause
** implementation described by pWInfo.
*/
static Bitmask codeOneLoopStart(
  WhereInfo *pWInfo,   /* Complete information about the WHERE clause */
  int iLevel,          /* Which level of pWInfo->a[] should be coded */
  u16 wctrlFlags,      /* One of the WHERE_* flags defined in sqliteInt.h */
  Bitmask notReady,    /* Which tables are currently available */
  Expr *pWhere         /* Complete WHERE clause */
){
  int j, k;            /* Loop counters */
  int iCur;            /* The VDBE cursor for the table */
  int addrNxt;         /* Where to jump to continue with the next IN case */
  int omitTable;       /* True if we use the index only */
  int bRev;            /* True if we need to scan in reverse order */
  WhereLevel *pLevel;  /* The where level to be coded */
................................................................................

    int regReturn = ++pParse->nMem;           /* Register used with OP_Gosub */
    int regRowset = 0;                        /* Register for RowSet object */
    int regRowid = 0;                         /* Register holding rowid */
    int iLoopBody = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);  /* Start of loop body */
    int iRetInit;                             /* Address of regReturn init */
    int untestedTerms = 0;             /* Some terms not completely tested */
    int ii;                            /* Loop counter */
    Expr *pAndExpr = 0;                /* An ".. AND (...)" expression */
   
    pTerm = pLevel->plan.u.pTerm;
    assert( pTerm!=0 );
    assert( pTerm->eOperator==WO_OR );
    assert( (pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_ORINFO)!=0 );
    pOrWc = &pTerm->u.pOrInfo->wc;
    pLevel->op = OP_Return;
................................................................................
    */
    if( (wctrlFlags & WHERE_DUPLICATES_OK)==0 ){
      regRowset = ++pParse->nMem;
      regRowid = ++pParse->nMem;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, regRowset);
    }
    iRetInit = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, regReturn);

    /* If the original WHERE clause is z of the form:  (x1 OR x2 OR ...) AND y
    ** Then for every term xN, evaluate as the subexpression: xN AND z
    ** That way, terms in y that are factored into the disjunction will
    ** be picked up by the recursive calls to sqlite3WhereBegin() below.
    */
    if( pWC->nTerm>1 ){
      pAndExpr = sqlite3ExprAlloc(pParse->db, TK_AND, 0, 0);
      pAndExpr->pRight = pWhere;
    }

    for(ii=0; ii<pOrWc->nTerm; ii++){
      WhereTerm *pOrTerm = &pOrWc->a[ii];
      if( pOrTerm->leftCursor==iCur || pOrTerm->eOperator==WO_AND ){
        WhereInfo *pSubWInfo;          /* Info for single OR-term scan */
        Expr *pOrExpr = pOrTerm->pExpr;
        if( pAndExpr ){
          pAndExpr->pLeft = pOrExpr;
          pOrExpr = pAndExpr;
        }
        /* Loop through table entries that match term pOrTerm. */
        pSubWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(pParse, pOrTab, pOrExpr, 0, 0,
                        WHERE_OMIT_OPEN_CLOSE | WHERE_AND_ONLY |
                        WHERE_FORCE_TABLE | WHERE_ONETABLE_ONLY);
        if( pSubWInfo ){
          explainOneScan(
              pParse, pOrTab, &pSubWInfo->a[0], iLevel, pLevel->iFrom, 0
          );
          if( (wctrlFlags & WHERE_DUPLICATES_OK)==0 ){
            int iSet = ((ii==pOrWc->nTerm-1)?-1:ii);
................................................................................
          if( pSubWInfo->untestedTerms ) untestedTerms = 1;

          /* Finish the loop through table entries that match term pOrTerm. */
          sqlite3WhereEnd(pSubWInfo);
        }
      }
    }
    sqlite3DbFree(pParse->db, pAndExpr);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, iRetInit, sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v));
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, pLevel->addrBrk);
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iLoopBody);

    if( pWInfo->nLevel>1 ) sqlite3StackFree(pParse->db, pOrTab);
    if( !untestedTerms ) disableTerm(pLevel, pTerm);
  }else
................................................................................
  ** sqlite3_test_ctrl(SQLITE_TESTCTRL_OPTIMIZATIONS,...) */
  if( db->flags & SQLITE_DistinctOpt ) pDistinct = 0;

  /* Split the WHERE clause into separate subexpressions where each
  ** subexpression is separated by an AND operator.
  */
  initMaskSet(pMaskSet);
  whereClauseInit(pWC, pParse, pMaskSet, wctrlFlags);
  sqlite3ExprCodeConstants(pParse, pWhere);
  whereSplit(pWC, pWhere, TK_AND);   /* IMP: R-15842-53296 */
    
  /* Special case: a WHERE clause that is constant.  Evaluate the
  ** expression and either jump over all of the code or fall thru.
  */
  if( pWhere && (nTabList==0 || sqlite3ExprIsConstantNotJoin(pWhere)) ){
................................................................................
      }
    }
    assert( bestJ>=0 );
    assert( notReady & getMask(pMaskSet, pTabList->a[bestJ].iCursor) );
    WHERETRACE(("*** Optimizer selects table %d for loop %d"
                " with cost=%g and nRow=%g\n",
                bestJ, pLevel-pWInfo->a, bestPlan.rCost, bestPlan.plan.nRow));
    /* The ALWAYS() that follows was added to hush up clang scan-build */
    if( (bestPlan.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_ORDERBY)!=0 && ALWAYS(ppOrderBy) ){
      *ppOrderBy = 0;
    }
    if( (bestPlan.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_DISTINCT)!=0 ){
      assert( pWInfo->eDistinct==0 );
      pWInfo->eDistinct = WHERE_DISTINCT_ORDERED;
    }
    andFlags &= bestPlan.plan.wsFlags;
................................................................................
    if( (pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE)!=0 ){
      const char *pVTab = (const char *)sqlite3GetVTable(db, pTab);
      int iCur = pTabItem->iCursor;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_VOpen, iCur, 0, 0, pVTab, P4_VTAB);
    }else
#endif
    if( (pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_IDX_ONLY)==0
         && (wctrlFlags & WHERE_OMIT_OPEN_CLOSE)==0 ){
      int op = pWInfo->okOnePass ? OP_OpenWrite : OP_OpenRead;
      sqlite3OpenTable(pParse, pTabItem->iCursor, iDb, pTab, op);
      testcase( pTab->nCol==BMS-1 );
      testcase( pTab->nCol==BMS );
      if( !pWInfo->okOnePass && pTab->nCol<BMS ){
        Bitmask b = pTabItem->colUsed;
        int n = 0;
................................................................................
  ** loop below generates code for a single nested loop of the VM
  ** program.
  */
  notReady = ~(Bitmask)0;
  for(i=0; i<nTabList; i++){
    pLevel = &pWInfo->a[i];
    explainOneScan(pParse, pTabList, pLevel, i, pLevel->iFrom, wctrlFlags);
    notReady = codeOneLoopStart(pWInfo, i, wctrlFlags, notReady, pWhere);
    pWInfo->iContinue = pLevel->addrCont;
  }

#ifdef SQLITE_TEST  /* For testing and debugging use only */
  /* Record in the query plan information about the current table
  ** and the index used to access it (if any).  If the table itself
  ** is not used, its name is just '{}'.  If no index is used
................................................................................
  assert( pWInfo->nLevel==1 || pWInfo->nLevel==pTabList->nSrc );
  for(i=0, pLevel=pWInfo->a; i<pWInfo->nLevel; i++, pLevel++){
    struct SrcList_item *pTabItem = &pTabList->a[pLevel->iFrom];
    Table *pTab = pTabItem->pTab;
    assert( pTab!=0 );
    if( (pTab->tabFlags & TF_Ephemeral)==0
     && pTab->pSelect==0
     && (pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_OMIT_OPEN_CLOSE)==0
    ){
      int ws = pLevel->plan.wsFlags;
      if( !pWInfo->okOnePass && (ws & WHERE_IDX_ONLY)==0 ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, pTabItem->iCursor);
      }
      if( (ws & WHERE_INDEXED)!=0 && (ws & WHERE_TEMP_INDEX)==0 ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, pLevel->iIdxCur);
................................................................................
  void *yyp,                   /* The parser */
  int yymajor,                 /* The major token code number */
  sqlite3ParserTOKENTYPE yyminor       /* The value for the token */
  sqlite3ParserARG_PDECL               /* Optional %extra_argument parameter */
){
  YYMINORTYPE yyminorunion;
  int yyact;            /* The parser action. */
#if !defined(YYERRORSYMBOL) && !defined(YYNOERRORRECOVERY)
  int yyendofinput;     /* True if we are at the end of input */
#endif
#ifdef YYERRORSYMBOL
  int yyerrorhit = 0;   /* True if yymajor has invoked an error */
#endif
  yyParser *yypParser;  /* The parser */

  /* (re)initialize the parser, if necessary */
  yypParser = (yyParser*)yyp;
................................................................................
#endif
    yypParser->yyidx = 0;
    yypParser->yyerrcnt = -1;
    yypParser->yystack[0].stateno = 0;
    yypParser->yystack[0].major = 0;
  }
  yyminorunion.yy0 = yyminor;
#if !defined(YYERRORSYMBOL) && !defined(YYNOERRORRECOVERY)
  yyendofinput = (yymajor==0);
#endif
  sqlite3ParserARG_STORE;

#ifndef NDEBUG
  if( yyTraceFILE ){
    fprintf(yyTraceFILE,"%sInput %s\n",yyTracePrompt,yyTokenName[yymajor]);
  }
#endif

  do{
    yyact = yy_find_shift_action(yypParser,(YYCODETYPE)yymajor);
    if( yyact<YYNSTATE ){

      yy_shift(yypParser,yyact,yymajor,&yyminorunion);
      yypParser->yyerrcnt--;
      yymajor = YYNOCODE;
    }else if( yyact < YYNSTATE + YYNRULE ){
      yy_reduce(yypParser,yyact-YYNSTATE);
    }else{
      assert( yyact == YY_ERROR_ACTION );
................................................................................
**    *  Calls to this routine from Y must block until the outer-most
**       call by X completes.
**
**    *  Recursive calls to this routine from thread X return immediately
**       without blocking.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_initialize(void){
  MUTEX_LOGIC( sqlite3_mutex *pMaster; )       /* The main static mutex */
  int rc;                                      /* Result code */

#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_WSD
  rc = sqlite3_wsd_init(4096, 24);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    return rc;
  }
................................................................................

  /* Initialize the malloc() system and the recursive pInitMutex mutex.
  ** This operation is protected by the STATIC_MASTER mutex.  Note that
  ** MutexAlloc() is called for a static mutex prior to initializing the
  ** malloc subsystem - this implies that the allocation of a static
  ** mutex must not require support from the malloc subsystem.
  */
  MUTEX_LOGIC( pMaster = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER); )
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(pMaster);
  sqlite3GlobalConfig.isMutexInit = 1;
  if( !sqlite3GlobalConfig.isMallocInit ){
    rc = sqlite3MallocInit();
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3GlobalConfig.isMallocInit = 1;
................................................................................
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_overload_function(
  sqlite3 *db,
  const char *zName,
  int nArg
){
  int nName = sqlite3Strlen30(zName);
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  if( sqlite3FindFunction(db, zName, nName, nArg, SQLITE_UTF8, 0)==0 ){
    rc = sqlite3CreateFunc(db, zName, nArg, SQLITE_UTF8,
                           0, sqlite3InvalidFunction, 0, 0, 0);
  }
  rc = sqlite3ApiExit(db, rc);
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  return rc;
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRACE
/*
** Register a trace function.  The pArg from the previously registered trace
................................................................................
opendb_out:
  sqlite3_free(zOpen);
  if( db ){
    assert( db->mutex!=0 || isThreadsafe==0 || sqlite3GlobalConfig.bFullMutex==0 );
    sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  }
  rc = sqlite3_errcode(db);
  assert( db!=0 || rc==SQLITE_NOMEM );
  if( rc==SQLITE_NOMEM ){
    sqlite3_close(db);
    db = 0;
  }else if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    db->magic = SQLITE_MAGIC_SICK;
  }
  *ppDb = db;
................................................................................
#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) || defined(SQLITE_COVERAGE_TEST)
# define TESTONLY(X)  X
#else
# define TESTONLY(X)
#endif

#endif /* SQLITE_AMALGAMATION */

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Fts3Corrupt(void);
# define FTS_CORRUPT_VTAB sqlite3Fts3Corrupt()
#else
# define FTS_CORRUPT_VTAB SQLITE_CORRUPT_VTAB
#endif

typedef struct Fts3Table Fts3Table;
typedef struct Fts3Cursor Fts3Cursor;
typedef struct Fts3Expr Fts3Expr;
typedef struct Fts3Phrase Fts3Phrase;
typedef struct Fts3PhraseToken Fts3PhraseToken;

................................................................................
  sqlite3_vtab base;              /* Base class used by SQLite core */
  sqlite3 *db;                    /* The database connection */
  const char *zDb;                /* logical database name */
  const char *zName;              /* virtual table name */
  int nColumn;                    /* number of named columns in virtual table */
  char **azColumn;                /* column names.  malloced */
  sqlite3_tokenizer *pTokenizer;  /* tokenizer for inserts and queries */
  char *zContentTbl;              /* content=xxx option, or NULL */

  /* Precompiled statements used by the implementation. Each of these 
  ** statements is run and reset within a single virtual table API call. 
  */
  sqlite3_stmt *aStmt[27];

  char *zReadExprlist;
................................................................................
    int nPrefix;                  /* Prefix length (0 for main terms index) */
    Fts3Hash hPending;            /* Pending terms table for this index */
  } *aIndex;
  int nMaxPendingData;            /* Max pending data before flush to disk */
  int nPendingData;               /* Current bytes of pending data */
  sqlite_int64 iPrevDocid;        /* Docid of most recently inserted document */

#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) || defined(SQLITE_COVERAGE_TEST)
  /* State variables used for validating that the transaction control
  ** methods of the virtual table are called at appropriate times.  These
  ** values do not contribution to the FTS computation; they are used for
  ** verifying the SQLite core.
  */
  int inTransaction;     /* True after xBegin but before xCommit/xRollback */
  int mxSavepoint;       /* Largest valid xSavepoint integer */
................................................................................
** For a sequence of tokens contained in double-quotes (i.e. "one two three")
** nToken will be the number of tokens in the string.
*/
struct Fts3PhraseToken {
  char *z;                        /* Text of the token */
  int n;                          /* Number of bytes in buffer z */
  int isPrefix;                   /* True if token ends with a "*" character */
  int bFirst;                     /* True if token must appear at position 0 */

  /* Variables above this point are populated when the expression is
  ** parsed (by code in fts3_expr.c). Below this point the variables are
  ** used when evaluating the expression. */
  Fts3DeferredToken *pDeferred;   /* Deferred token object for this token */
  Fts3MultiSegReader *pSegcsr;    /* Segment-reader for this token */
};
................................................................................

/* Flags allowed as part of the 4th argument to SegmentReaderIterate() */
#define FTS3_SEGMENT_REQUIRE_POS   0x00000001
#define FTS3_SEGMENT_IGNORE_EMPTY  0x00000002
#define FTS3_SEGMENT_COLUMN_FILTER 0x00000004
#define FTS3_SEGMENT_PREFIX        0x00000008
#define FTS3_SEGMENT_SCAN          0x00000010
#define FTS3_SEGMENT_FIRST         0x00000020

/* Type passed as 4th argument to SegmentReaderIterate() */
struct Fts3SegFilter {
  const char *zTerm;
  int nTerm;
  int iCol;
  int flags;
................................................................................
/* fts3.c */
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Fts3PutVarint(char *, sqlite3_int64);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Fts3GetVarint(const char *, sqlite_int64 *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Fts3GetVarint32(const char *, int *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Fts3VarintLen(sqlite3_uint64);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Fts3Dequote(char *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Fts3DoclistPrev(int,char*,int,char**,sqlite3_int64*,int*,u8*);

SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Fts3EvalPhraseStats(Fts3Cursor *, Fts3Expr *, u32 *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Fts3FirstFilter(sqlite3_int64, char *, int, char *);

/* fts3_tokenizer.c */
SQLITE_PRIVATE const char *sqlite3Fts3NextToken(const char *, int *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Fts3InitHashTable(sqlite3 *, Fts3Hash *, const char *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Fts3InitTokenizer(Fts3Hash *pHash, const char *, 
    sqlite3_tokenizer **, char **
);
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Fts3Snippet(sqlite3_context *, Fts3Cursor *, const char *,
  const char *, const char *, int, int
);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Fts3Matchinfo(sqlite3_context *, Fts3Cursor *, const char *);

/* fts3_expr.c */
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Fts3ExprParse(sqlite3_tokenizer *, 
  char **, int, int, int, const char *, int, Fts3Expr **
);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Fts3ExprFree(Fts3Expr *);
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Fts3ExprInitTestInterface(sqlite3 *db);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Fts3InitTerm(sqlite3 *db);
#endif

................................................................................
*/
static void fts3GetReverseVarint(
  char **pp, 
  char *pStart, 
  sqlite3_int64 *pVal
){
  sqlite3_int64 iVal;
  char *p;

  /* Pointer p now points at the first byte past the varint we are 
  ** interested in. So, unless the doclist is corrupt, the 0x80 bit is
  ** clear on character p[-1]. */
  for(p = (*pp)-2; p>=pStart && *p&0x80; p--);
  p++;
  *pp = p;
................................................................................
  /* Free any prepared statements held */
  for(i=0; i<SizeofArray(p->aStmt); i++){
    sqlite3_finalize(p->aStmt[i]);
  }
  sqlite3_free(p->zSegmentsTbl);
  sqlite3_free(p->zReadExprlist);
  sqlite3_free(p->zWriteExprlist);
  sqlite3_free(p->zContentTbl);

  /* Invoke the tokenizer destructor to free the tokenizer. */
  p->pTokenizer->pModule->xDestroy(p->pTokenizer);

  sqlite3_free(p);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
................................................................................
  }
}

/*
** The xDestroy() virtual table method.
*/
static int fts3DestroyMethod(sqlite3_vtab *pVtab){

  Fts3Table *p = (Fts3Table *)pVtab;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;              /* Return code */
  const char *zDb = p->zDb;        /* Name of database (e.g. "main", "temp") */
  sqlite3 *db = p->db;             /* Database handle */

  /* Drop the shadow tables */
  if( p->zContentTbl==0 ){
    fts3DbExec(&rc, db, "DROP TABLE IF EXISTS %Q.'%q_content'", zDb, p->zName);
  }
  fts3DbExec(&rc, db, "DROP TABLE IF EXISTS %Q.'%q_segments'", zDb,p->zName);
  fts3DbExec(&rc, db, "DROP TABLE IF EXISTS %Q.'%q_segdir'", zDb, p->zName);
  fts3DbExec(&rc, db, "DROP TABLE IF EXISTS %Q.'%q_docsize'", zDb, p->zName);
  fts3DbExec(&rc, db, "DROP TABLE IF EXISTS %Q.'%q_stat'", zDb, p->zName);

  /* If everything has worked, invoke fts3DisconnectMethod() to free the
  ** memory associated with the Fts3Table structure and return SQLITE_OK.
  ** Otherwise, return an SQLite error code.
  */
  return (rc==SQLITE_OK ? fts3DisconnectMethod(pVtab) : rc);
}
................................................................................
** If the p->bHasDocsize boolean is true (indicating that this is an
** FTS4 table, not an FTS3 table) then also create the %_docsize and
** %_stat tables required by FTS4.
*/
static int fts3CreateTables(Fts3Table *p){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;             /* Return code */
  int i;                          /* Iterator variable */

  sqlite3 *db = p->db;            /* The database connection */

  if( p->zContentTbl==0 ){
    char *zContentCols;           /* Columns of %_content table */

    /* Create a list of user columns for the content table */
    zContentCols = sqlite3_mprintf("docid INTEGER PRIMARY KEY");
    for(i=0; zContentCols && i<p->nColumn; i++){
      char *z = p->azColumn[i];
      zContentCols = sqlite3_mprintf("%z, 'c%d%q'", zContentCols, i, z);
    }
    if( zContentCols==0 ) rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
  
    /* Create the content table */
    fts3DbExec(&rc, db, 
       "CREATE TABLE %Q.'%q_content'(%s)",
       p->zDb, p->zName, zContentCols
    );
    sqlite3_free(zContentCols);
  }

  /* Create other tables */
  fts3DbExec(&rc, db, 
      "CREATE TABLE %Q.'%q_segments'(blockid INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, block BLOB);",
      p->zDb, p->zName
  );
  fts3DbExec(&rc, db, 
      "CREATE TABLE %Q.'%q_segdir'("
................................................................................
    *(z++) = '"';
    *(z++) = '\0';
  }
  return zRet;
}

/*
** Return a list of comma separated SQL expressions and a FROM clause that 
** could be used in a SELECT statement such as the following:
**
**     SELECT <list of expressions> FROM %_content AS x ...
**
** to return the docid, followed by each column of text data in order
** from left to write. If parameter zFunc is not NULL, then instead of
** being returned directly each column of text data is passed to an SQL
** function named zFunc first. For example, if zFunc is "unzip" and the
** table has the three user-defined columns "a", "b", and "c", the following
** string is returned:
**
**     "docid, unzip(x.'a'), unzip(x.'b'), unzip(x.'c') FROM %_content AS x"
**
** The pointer returned points to a buffer allocated by sqlite3_malloc(). It
** is the responsibility of the caller to eventually free it.
**
** If *pRc is not SQLITE_OK when this function is called, it is a no-op (and
** a NULL pointer is returned). Otherwise, if an OOM error is encountered
** by this function, NULL is returned and *pRc is set to SQLITE_NOMEM. If
................................................................................
*/
static char *fts3ReadExprList(Fts3Table *p, const char *zFunc, int *pRc){
  char *zRet = 0;
  char *zFree = 0;
  char *zFunction;
  int i;

  if( p->zContentTbl==0 ){
    if( !zFunc ){
      zFunction = "";
    }else{
      zFree = zFunction = fts3QuoteId(zFunc);
    }
    fts3Appendf(pRc, &zRet, "docid");
    for(i=0; i<p->nColumn; i++){
      fts3Appendf(pRc, &zRet, ",%s(x.'c%d%q')", zFunction, i, p->azColumn[i]);
    }
    sqlite3_free(zFree);
  }else{
    fts3Appendf(pRc, &zRet, "rowid");
    for(i=0; i<p->nColumn; i++){
      fts3Appendf(pRc, &zRet, ", x.'%q'", p->azColumn[i]);
    }
  }
  fts3Appendf(pRc, &zRet, "FROM '%q'.'%q%s' AS x", 
      p->zDb,
      (p->zContentTbl ? p->zContentTbl : p->zName),
      (p->zContentTbl ? "" : "_content")
  );
  return zRet;
}

/*
** Return a list of N comma separated question marks, where N is the number
** of columns in the %_content table (one for the docid plus one for each
** user-defined text column).
................................................................................
**
** If *pp does not being with a decimal digit SQLITE_ERROR is returned and
** the output value undefined. Otherwise SQLITE_OK is returned.
**
** This function is used when parsing the "prefix=" FTS4 parameter.
*/
static int fts3GobbleInt(const char **pp, int *pnOut){
  const char *p;                  /* Iterator pointer */
  int nInt = 0;                   /* Output value */

  for(p=*pp; p[0]>='0' && p[0]<='9'; p++){
    nInt = nInt * 10 + (p[0] - '0');
  }
  if( p==*pp ) return SQLITE_ERROR;
  *pnOut = nInt;
................................................................................
      aIndex[i].nPrefix = nPrefix;
      p++;
    }
  }

  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** This function is called when initializing an FTS4 table that uses the
** content=xxx option. It determines the number of and names of the columns
** of the new FTS4 table.
**
** The third argument passed to this function is the value passed to the
** config=xxx option (i.e. "xxx"). This function queries the database for
** a table of that name. If found, the output variables are populated
** as follows:
**
**   *pnCol:   Set to the number of columns table xxx has,
**
**   *pnStr:   Set to the total amount of space required to store a copy
**             of each columns name, including the nul-terminator.
**
**   *pazCol:  Set to point to an array of *pnCol strings. Each string is
**             the name of the corresponding column in table xxx. The array
**             and its contents are allocated using a single allocation. It
**             is the responsibility of the caller to free this allocation
**             by eventually passing the *pazCol value to sqlite3_free().
**
** If the table cannot be found, an error code is returned and the output
** variables are undefined. Or, if an OOM is encountered, SQLITE_NOMEM is
** returned (and the output variables are undefined).
*/
static int fts3ContentColumns(
  sqlite3 *db,                    /* Database handle */
  const char *zDb,                /* Name of db (i.e. "main", "temp" etc.) */
  const char *zTbl,               /* Name of content table */
  const char ***pazCol,           /* OUT: Malloc'd array of column names */
  int *pnCol,                     /* OUT: Size of array *pazCol */
  int *pnStr                      /* OUT: Bytes of string content */
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;             /* Return code */
  char *zSql;                     /* "SELECT *" statement on zTbl */  
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt = 0;        /* Compiled version of zSql */

  zSql = sqlite3_mprintf("SELECT * FROM %Q.%Q", zDb, zTbl);
  if( !zSql ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }else{
    rc = sqlite3_prepare(db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
  }
  sqlite3_free(zSql);

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    const char **azCol;           /* Output array */
    int nStr = 0;                 /* Size of all column names (incl. 0x00) */
    int nCol;                     /* Number of table columns */
    int i;                        /* Used to iterate through columns */

    /* Loop through the returned columns. Set nStr to the number of bytes of
    ** space required to store a copy of each column name, including the
    ** nul-terminator byte.  */
    nCol = sqlite3_column_count(pStmt);
    for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
      const char *zCol = sqlite3_column_name(pStmt, i);
      nStr += strlen(zCol) + 1;
    }

    /* Allocate and populate the array to return. */
    azCol = (const char **)sqlite3_malloc(sizeof(char *) * nCol + nStr);
    if( azCol==0 ){
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }else{
      char *p = (char *)&azCol[nCol];
      for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
        const char *zCol = sqlite3_column_name(pStmt, i);
        int n = strlen(zCol)+1;
        memcpy(p, zCol, n);
        azCol[i] = p;
        p += n;
      }
    }
    sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);

    /* Set the output variables. */
    *pnCol = nCol;
    *pnStr = nStr;
    *pazCol = azCol;
  }

  return rc;
}

/*
** This function is the implementation of both the xConnect and xCreate
** methods of the FTS3 virtual table.
**
** The argv[] array contains the following:
**
................................................................................

  /* The results of parsing supported FTS4 key=value options: */
  int bNoDocsize = 0;             /* True to omit %_docsize table */
  int bDescIdx = 0;               /* True to store descending indexes */
  char *zPrefix = 0;              /* Prefix parameter value (or NULL) */
  char *zCompress = 0;            /* compress=? parameter (or NULL) */
  char *zUncompress = 0;          /* uncompress=? parameter (or NULL) */
  char *zContent = 0;             /* content=? parameter (or NULL) */

  assert( strlen(argv[0])==4 );
  assert( (sqlite3_strnicmp(argv[0], "fts4", 4)==0 && isFts4)
       || (sqlite3_strnicmp(argv[0], "fts3", 4)==0 && !isFts4)
  );

  nDb = (int)strlen(argv[1]) + 1;
................................................................................
    }

    /* Check if it is an FTS4 special argument. */
    else if( isFts4 && fts3IsSpecialColumn(z, &nKey, &zVal) ){
      struct Fts4Option {
        const char *zOpt;
        int nOpt;
      } aFts4Opt[] = {
        { "matchinfo",   9 },     /* 0 -> MATCHINFO */
        { "prefix",      6 },     /* 1 -> PREFIX */
        { "compress",    8 },     /* 2 -> COMPRESS */
        { "uncompress", 10 },     /* 3 -> UNCOMPRESS */
        { "order",       5 },     /* 4 -> ORDER */
        { "content",     7 }      /* 5 -> CONTENT */
      };

      int iOpt;
      if( !zVal ){
        rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
      }else{
        for(iOpt=0; iOpt<SizeofArray(aFts4Opt); iOpt++){
................................................................................
              sqlite3_free(zUncompress);
              zUncompress = zVal;
              zVal = 0;
              break;

            case 4:               /* ORDER */
              if( (strlen(zVal)!=3 || sqlite3_strnicmp(zVal, "asc", 3)) 
               && (strlen(zVal)!=4 || sqlite3_strnicmp(zVal, "desc", 4)) 
              ){
                *pzErr = sqlite3_mprintf("unrecognized order: %s", zVal);
                rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
              }
              bDescIdx = (zVal[0]=='d' || zVal[0]=='D');
              break;

            default:              /* CONTENT */
              assert( iOpt==5 );
              sqlite3_free(zUncompress);
              zContent = zVal;
              zVal = 0;
              break;
          }
        }
        sqlite3_free(zVal);
      }
    }

    /* Otherwise, the argument is a column name. */
    else {
      nString += (int)(strlen(z) + 1);
      aCol[nCol++] = z;
    }
  }

  /* If a content=xxx option was specified, the following:
  **
  **   1. Ignore any compress= and uncompress= options.
  **
  **   2. If no column names were specified as part of the CREATE VIRTUAL
  **      TABLE statement, use all columns from the content table.
  */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && zContent ){
    sqlite3_free(zCompress); 
    sqlite3_free(zUncompress); 
    zCompress = 0;
    zUncompress = 0;
    if( nCol==0 ){
      sqlite3_free((void*)aCol); 
      aCol = 0;
      rc = fts3ContentColumns(db, argv[1], zContent, &aCol, &nCol, &nString);
    }
    assert( rc!=SQLITE_OK || nCol>0 );
  }
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto fts3_init_out;

  if( nCol==0 ){
    assert( nString==0 );
    aCol[0] = "content";
    nString = 8;
    nCol = 1;
................................................................................
  p->nPendingData = 0;
  p->azColumn = (char **)&p[1];
  p->pTokenizer = pTokenizer;
  p->nMaxPendingData = FTS3_MAX_PENDING_DATA;
  p->bHasDocsize = (isFts4 && bNoDocsize==0);
  p->bHasStat = isFts4;
  p->bDescIdx = bDescIdx;
  p->zContentTbl = zContent;
  zContent = 0;
  TESTONLY( p->inTransaction = -1 );
  TESTONLY( p->mxSavepoint = -1 );

  p->aIndex = (struct Fts3Index *)&p->azColumn[nCol];
  memcpy(p->aIndex, aIndex, sizeof(struct Fts3Index) * nIndex);
  p->nIndex = nIndex;
  for(i=0; i<nIndex; i++){
................................................................................
  fts3DeclareVtab(&rc, p);

fts3_init_out:
  sqlite3_free(zPrefix);
  sqlite3_free(aIndex);
  sqlite3_free(zCompress);
  sqlite3_free(zUncompress);
  sqlite3_free(zContent);
  sqlite3_free((void *)aCol);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    if( p ){
      fts3DisconnectMethod((sqlite3_vtab *)p);
    }else if( pTokenizer ){
      pTokenizer->pModule->xDestroy(pTokenizer);
    }
................................................................................
  sqlite3Fts3FreeDeferredTokens(pCsr);
  sqlite3_free(pCsr->aDoclist);
  sqlite3_free(pCsr->aMatchinfo);
  assert( ((Fts3Table *)pCsr->base.pVtab)->pSegments==0 );
  sqlite3_free(pCsr);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** If pCsr->pStmt has not been prepared (i.e. if pCsr->pStmt==0), then
** compose and prepare an SQL statement of the form:
**
**    "SELECT <columns> FROM %_content WHERE rowid = ?"
**
** (or the equivalent for a content=xxx table) and set pCsr->pStmt to
** it. If an error occurs, return an SQLite error code.
**
** Otherwise, set *ppStmt to point to pCsr->pStmt and return SQLITE_OK.
*/
static int fts3CursorSeekStmt(Fts3Cursor *pCsr, sqlite3_stmt **ppStmt){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  if( pCsr->pStmt==0 ){
    Fts3Table *p = (Fts3Table *)pCsr->base.pVtab;
    char *zSql;
    zSql = sqlite3_mprintf("SELECT %s WHERE rowid = ?", p->zReadExprlist);
    if( !zSql ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(p->db, zSql, -1, &pCsr->pStmt, 0);
    sqlite3_free(zSql);
  }
  *ppStmt = pCsr->pStmt;
  return rc;
}

/*
** Position the pCsr->pStmt statement so that it is on the row
** of the %_content table that contains the last match.  Return
** SQLITE_OK on success.  
*/
static int fts3CursorSeek(sqlite3_context *pContext, Fts3Cursor *pCsr){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  if( pCsr->isRequireSeek ){
    sqlite3_stmt *pStmt = 0;

    rc = fts3CursorSeekStmt(pCsr, &pStmt);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      sqlite3_bind_int64(pCsr->pStmt, 1, pCsr->iPrevId);
      pCsr->isRequireSeek = 0;
      if( SQLITE_ROW==sqlite3_step(pCsr->pStmt) ){
        return SQLITE_OK;
      }else{
        rc = sqlite3_reset(pCsr->pStmt);
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK && ((Fts3Table *)pCsr->base.pVtab)->zContentTbl==0 ){
          /* If no row was found and no error has occured, then the %_content
          ** table is missing a row that is present in the full-text index.
          ** The data structures are corrupt.  */

          rc = FTS_CORRUPT_VTAB;

          pCsr->isEof = 1;
        }
      }
    }
  }

  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK && pContext ){
    sqlite3_result_error_code(pContext, rc);
  }
  return rc;




}

/*
** This function is used to process a single interior node when searching
** a b-tree for a term or term prefix. The node data is passed to this 
** function via the zNode/nNode parameters. The term to search for is
** passed in zTerm/nTerm.
................................................................................
  ** contents, or two zero bytes. Or, if the node is read from the %_segments
  ** table, then there are always 20 bytes of zeroed padding following the
  ** nNode bytes of content (see sqlite3Fts3ReadBlock() for details).
  */
  zCsr += sqlite3Fts3GetVarint(zCsr, &iChild);
  zCsr += sqlite3Fts3GetVarint(zCsr, &iChild);
  if( zCsr>zEnd ){
    return FTS_CORRUPT_VTAB;
  }
  
  while( zCsr<zEnd && (piFirst || piLast) ){
    int cmp;                      /* memcmp() result */
    int nSuffix;                  /* Size of term suffix */
    int nPrefix = 0;              /* Size of term prefix */
    int nBuffer;                  /* Total term size */
................................................................................
    if( !isFirstTerm ){
      zCsr += sqlite3Fts3GetVarint32(zCsr, &nPrefix);
    }
    isFirstTerm = 0;
    zCsr += sqlite3Fts3GetVarint32(zCsr, &nSuffix);
    
    if( nPrefix<0 || nSuffix<0 || &zCsr[nSuffix]>zEnd ){
      rc = FTS_CORRUPT_VTAB;
      goto finish_scan;
    }
    if( nPrefix+nSuffix>nAlloc ){
      char *zNew;
      nAlloc = (nPrefix+nSuffix) * 2;
      zNew = (char *)sqlite3_realloc(zBuffer, nAlloc);
      if( !zNew ){
        rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
        goto finish_scan;
      }
      zBuffer = zNew;
    }
    assert( zBuffer );
    memcpy(&zBuffer[nPrefix], zCsr, nSuffix);
    nBuffer = nPrefix + nSuffix;
    zCsr += nSuffix;

    /* Compare the term we are searching for with the term just loaded from
    ** the interior node. If the specified term is greater than or equal
    ** to the term from the interior node, then all terms on the sub-tree 
................................................................................
  char **pp,                      /* IN/OUT: Preallocated output buffer */
  int nToken,                     /* Maximum difference in token positions */
  int isSaveLeft,                 /* Save the left position */
  int isExact,                    /* If *pp1 is exactly nTokens before *pp2 */
  char **pp1,                     /* IN/OUT: Left input list */
  char **pp2                      /* IN/OUT: Right input list */
){
  char *p = *pp;
  char *p1 = *pp1;
  char *p2 = *pp2;
  int iCol1 = 0;
  int iCol2 = 0;

  /* Never set both isSaveLeft and isExact for the same invocation. */
  assert( isSaveLeft==0 || isExact==0 );

  assert( p!=0 && *p1!=0 && *p2!=0 );
  if( *p1==POS_COLUMN ){ 
    p1++;
    p1 += sqlite3Fts3GetVarint32(p1, &iCol1);
  }
  if( *p2==POS_COLUMN ){ 
    p2++;
    p2 += sqlite3Fts3GetVarint32(p2, &iCol2);
................................................................................
  while( 1 ){
    if( iCol1==iCol2 ){
      char *pSave = p;
      sqlite3_int64 iPrev = 0;
      sqlite3_int64 iPos1 = 0;
      sqlite3_int64 iPos2 = 0;

      if( iCol1 ){
        *p++ = POS_COLUMN;
        p += sqlite3Fts3PutVarint(p, iCol1);
      }

      assert( *p1!=POS_END && *p1!=POS_COLUMN );
      assert( *p2!=POS_END && *p2!=POS_COLUMN );
      fts3GetDeltaVarint(&p1, &iPos1); iPos1 -= 2;
................................................................................
      fts3GetDeltaVarint(&p2, &iPos2); iPos2 -= 2;

      while( 1 ){
        if( iPos2==iPos1+nToken 
         || (isExact==0 && iPos2>iPos1 && iPos2<=iPos1+nToken) 
        ){
          sqlite3_int64 iSave;







          iSave = isSaveLeft ? iPos1 : iPos2;
          fts3PutDeltaVarint(&p, &iPrev, iSave+2); iPrev -= 2;
          pSave = 0;
          assert( p );
        }
        if( (!isSaveLeft && iPos2<=(iPos1+nToken)) || iPos2<=iPos1 ){
          if( (*p2&0xFE)==0 ) break;
          fts3GetDeltaVarint(&p2, &iPos2); iPos2 -= 2;
        }else{
          if( (*p1&0xFE)==0 ) break;
          fts3GetDeltaVarint(&p1, &iPos1); iPos1 -= 2;
................................................................................
    }
  }

  fts3PoslistCopy(0, &p2);
  fts3PoslistCopy(0, &p1);
  *pp1 = p1;
  *pp2 = p2;
  if( *pp==p ){
    return 0;
  }
  *p++ = 0x00;
  *pp = p;
  return 1;
}

................................................................................
      fts3PoslistCopy(0, &p2);
      fts3GetDeltaVarint3(&p2, pEnd2, bDescDoclist, &i2);
    }
  }

  *pnRight = p - aOut;
}

/*
** Argument pList points to a position list nList bytes in size. This
** function checks to see if the position list contains any entries for
** a token in position 0 (of any column). If so, it writes argument iDelta
** to the output buffer pOut, followed by a position list consisting only
** of the entries from pList at position 0, and terminated by an 0x00 byte.
** The value returned is the number of bytes written to pOut (if any).
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Fts3FirstFilter(
  sqlite3_int64 iDelta,           /* Varint that may be written to pOut */
  char *pList,                    /* Position list (no 0x00 term) */
  int nList,                      /* Size of pList in bytes */
  char *pOut                      /* Write output here */
){
  int nOut = 0;
  int bWritten = 0;               /* True once iDelta has been written */
  char *p = pList;
  char *pEnd = &pList[nList];

  if( *p!=0x01 ){
    if( *p==0x02 ){
      nOut += sqlite3Fts3PutVarint(&pOut[nOut], iDelta);
      pOut[nOut++] = 0x02;
      bWritten = 1;
    }
    fts3ColumnlistCopy(0, &p);
  }

  while( p<pEnd && *p==0x01 ){
    sqlite3_int64 iCol;
    p++;
    p += sqlite3Fts3GetVarint(p, &iCol);
    if( *p==0x02 ){
      if( bWritten==0 ){
        nOut += sqlite3Fts3PutVarint(&pOut[nOut], iDelta);
        bWritten = 1;
      }
      pOut[nOut++] = 0x01;
      nOut += sqlite3Fts3PutVarint(&pOut[nOut], iCol);
      pOut[nOut++] = 0x02;
    }
    fts3ColumnlistCopy(0, &p);
  }
  if( bWritten ){
    pOut[nOut++] = 0x00;
  }

  return nOut;
}


/*
** Merge all doclists in the TermSelect.aaOutput[] array into a single
** doclist stored in TermSelect.aaOutput[0]. If successful, delete all
** other doclists (except the aaOutput[0] one) and return SQLITE_OK.
**
................................................................................
  Fts3SegFilter filter;           /* Segment term filter configuration */

  pSegcsr = pTok->pSegcsr;
  memset(&tsc, 0, sizeof(TermSelect));

  filter.flags = FTS3_SEGMENT_IGNORE_EMPTY | FTS3_SEGMENT_REQUIRE_POS
        | (pTok->isPrefix ? FTS3_SEGMENT_PREFIX : 0)
        | (pTok->bFirst ? FTS3_SEGMENT_FIRST : 0)
        | (iColumn<p->nColumn ? FTS3_SEGMENT_COLUMN_FILTER : 0);
  filter.iCol = iColumn;
  filter.zTerm = pTok->z;
  filter.nTerm = pTok->n;

  rc = sqlite3Fts3SegReaderStart(p, pSegcsr, &filter);
  while( SQLITE_OK==rc
................................................................................
    int iCol = idxNum-FTS3_FULLTEXT_SEARCH;
    const char *zQuery = (const char *)sqlite3_value_text(apVal[0]);

    if( zQuery==0 && sqlite3_value_type(apVal[0])!=SQLITE_NULL ){
      return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }

    rc = sqlite3Fts3ExprParse(p->pTokenizer, p->azColumn, p->bHasStat, 
        p->nColumn, iCol, zQuery, -1, &pCsr->pExpr
    );
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      if( rc==SQLITE_ERROR ){
        static const char *zErr = "malformed MATCH expression: [%s]";
        p->base.zErrMsg = sqlite3_mprintf(zErr, zQuery);
      }
      return rc;
................................................................................

  /* Compile a SELECT statement for this cursor. For a full-table-scan, the
  ** statement loops through all rows of the %_content table. For a
  ** full-text query or docid lookup, the statement retrieves a single
  ** row by docid.
  */
  if( idxNum==FTS3_FULLSCAN_SEARCH ){
    zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(
        "SELECT %s ORDER BY rowid %s",
        p->zReadExprlist, (pCsr->bDesc ? "DESC" : "ASC")



    );
    if( zSql ){



      rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(p->db, zSql, -1, &pCsr->pStmt, 0);
      sqlite3_free(zSql);

    }else{
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
  }else if( idxNum==FTS3_DOCID_SEARCH ){
    rc = fts3CursorSeekStmt(pCsr, &pCsr->pStmt);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = sqlite3_bind_value(pCsr->pStmt, 1, apVal[0]);

    }
  }
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  return fts3NextMethod(pCursor);
}

/* 
** This is the xEof method of the virtual table. SQLite calls this 
** routine to find out if it has reached the end of a result set.
*/
................................................................................
  }else if( iCol==p->nColumn ){
    /* The extra column whose name is the same as the table.
    ** Return a blob which is a pointer to the cursor.
    */
    sqlite3_result_blob(pContext, &pCsr, sizeof(pCsr), SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
  }else{
    rc = fts3CursorSeek(0, pCsr);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && sqlite3_data_count(pCsr->pStmt)>(iCol+1) ){
      sqlite3_result_value(pContext, sqlite3_column_value(pCsr->pStmt, iCol+1));
    }
  }

  assert( ((Fts3Table *)pCsr->base.pVtab)->pSegments==0 );
  return rc;
}
................................................................................
** When called, *ppPoslist must point to the byte immediately following the
** end of a position-list. i.e. ( (*ppPoslist)[-1]==POS_END ). This function
** moves *ppPoslist so that it instead points to the first byte of the
** same position list.
*/
static void fts3ReversePoslist(char *pStart, char **ppPoslist){
  char *p = &(*ppPoslist)[-2];
  char c = 0;

  while( p>pStart && (c=*p--)==0 );
  while( p>pStart && (*p & 0x80) | c ){ 
    c = *p--; 
  }
  if( p>pStart ){ p = &p[2]; }
  while( *p++&0x80 );
................................................................................
  sqlite3_vtab *pVtab,            /* Virtual table handle */
  const char *zName               /* New name of table */
){
  Fts3Table *p = (Fts3Table *)pVtab;
  sqlite3 *db = p->db;            /* Database connection */
  int rc;                         /* Return Code */

  /* As it happens, the pending terms table is always empty here. This is
  ** because an "ALTER TABLE RENAME TABLE" statement inside a transaction 
  ** always opens a savepoint transaction. And the xSavepoint() method 
  ** flushes the pending terms table. But leave the (no-op) call to
  ** PendingTermsFlush() in in case that changes.
  */
  assert( p->nPendingData==0 );
  rc = sqlite3Fts3PendingTermsFlush(p);




  if( p->zContentTbl==0 ){
    fts3DbExec(&rc, db,
      "ALTER TABLE %Q.'%q_content'  RENAME TO '%q_content';",
      p->zDb, p->zName, zName
    );
  }

  if( p->bHasDocsize ){
    fts3DbExec(&rc, db,
      "ALTER TABLE %Q.'%q_docsize'  RENAME TO '%q_docsize';",
      p->zDb, p->zName, zName
    );
  }
  if( p->bHasStat ){
................................................................................
** means that the phrase does not appear in the current row, doclist.pList
** and doclist.nList are both zeroed.
**
** SQLITE_OK is returned if no error occurs, otherwise an SQLite error code.
*/
static int fts3EvalDeferredPhrase(Fts3Cursor *pCsr, Fts3Phrase *pPhrase){
  int iToken;                     /* Used to iterate through phrase tokens */

  char *aPoslist = 0;             /* Position list for deferred tokens */
  int nPoslist = 0;               /* Number of bytes in aPoslist */
  int iPrev = -1;                 /* Token number of previous deferred token */

  assert( pPhrase->doclist.bFreeList==0 );

  for(iToken=0; iToken<pPhrase->nToken; iToken++){
    Fts3PhraseToken *pToken = &pPhrase->aToken[iToken];
    Fts3DeferredToken *pDeferred = pToken->pDeferred;

    if( pDeferred ){
      char *pList;
      int nList;
      int rc = sqlite3Fts3DeferredTokenList(pDeferred, &pList, &nList);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

      if( pList==0 ){
        sqlite3_free(aPoslist);
        pPhrase->doclist.pList = 0;
        pPhrase->doclist.nList = 0;
        return SQLITE_OK;
................................................................................
  Fts3Table *pTab = (Fts3Table *)pCsr->base.pVtab;

  if( pCsr->bDesc==pTab->bDescIdx 
   && bOptOk==1 
   && p->nToken==1 
   && pFirst->pSegcsr 
   && pFirst->pSegcsr->bLookup 
   && pFirst->bFirst==0
  ){
    /* Use the incremental approach. */
    int iCol = (p->iColumn >= pTab->nColumn ? -1 : p->iColumn);
    rc = sqlite3Fts3MsrIncrStart(
        pTab, pFirst->pSegcsr, iCol, pFirst->z, pFirst->n);
    p->bIncr = 1;

................................................................................
  Fts3Cursor *pCsr,               /* FTS Cursor handle */
  Fts3Expr *pRoot,                /* Root of current AND/NEAR cluster */
  Fts3Expr *pExpr,                /* Expression to consider */
  Fts3TokenAndCost **ppTC,        /* Write new entries to *(*ppTC)++ */
  Fts3Expr ***ppOr,               /* Write new OR root to *(*ppOr)++ */
  int *pRc                        /* IN/OUT: Error code */
){
  if( *pRc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( pExpr->eType==FTSQUERY_PHRASE ){
      Fts3Phrase *pPhrase = pExpr->pPhrase;
      int i;
      for(i=0; *pRc==SQLITE_OK && i<pPhrase->nToken; i++){
        Fts3TokenAndCost *pTC = (*ppTC)++;
        pTC->pPhrase = pPhrase;
        pTC->iToken = i;
        pTC->pRoot = pRoot;
        pTC->pToken = &pPhrase->aToken[i];
        pTC->iCol = pPhrase->iColumn;
        *pRc = sqlite3Fts3MsrOvfl(pCsr, pTC->pToken->pSegcsr, &pTC->nOvfl);
      }
    }else if( pExpr->eType!=FTSQUERY_NOT ){
      assert( pExpr->eType==FTSQUERY_OR
           || pExpr->eType==FTSQUERY_AND
           || pExpr->eType==FTSQUERY_NEAR
      );
      assert( pExpr->pLeft && pExpr->pRight );
      if( pExpr->eType==FTSQUERY_OR ){
        pRoot = pExpr->pLeft;
        **ppOr = pRoot;
        (*ppOr)++;
      }
      fts3EvalTokenCosts(pCsr, pRoot, pExpr->pLeft, ppTC, ppOr, pRc);
      if( pExpr->eType==FTSQUERY_OR ){
................................................................................
    pEnd = &a[sqlite3_column_bytes(pStmt, 0)];
    a += sqlite3Fts3GetVarint(a, &nDoc);
    while( a<pEnd ){
      a += sqlite3Fts3GetVarint(a, &nByte);
    }
    if( nDoc==0 || nByte==0 ){
      sqlite3_reset(pStmt);
      return FTS_CORRUPT_VTAB;
    }

    pCsr->nDoc = nDoc;
    pCsr->nRowAvg = (int)(((nByte / nDoc) + p->nPgsz) / p->nPgsz);
    assert( pCsr->nRowAvg>0 ); 
    rc = sqlite3_reset(pStmt);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
................................................................................
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;             /* Return code */
  int ii;                         /* Iterator variable for various purposes */
  int nOvfl = 0;                  /* Total overflow pages used by doclists */
  int nToken = 0;                 /* Total number of tokens in cluster */

  int nMinEst = 0;                /* The minimum count for any phrase so far. */
  int nLoad4 = 1;                 /* (Phrases that will be loaded)^4. */

  /* Tokens are never deferred for FTS tables created using the content=xxx
  ** option. The reason being that it is not guaranteed that the content
  ** table actually contains the same data as the index. To prevent this from
  ** causing any problems, the deferred token optimization is completely
  ** disabled for content=xxx tables. */
  if( pTab->zContentTbl ){
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

  /* Count the tokens in this AND/NEAR cluster. If none of the doclists
  ** associated with the tokens spill onto overflow pages, or if there is
  ** only 1 token, exit early. No tokens to defer in this case. */
  for(ii=0; ii<nTC; ii++){
    if( aTC[ii].pRoot==pRoot ){
      nOvfl += aTC[ii].nOvfl;
................................................................................
      ** that will be loaded if all subsequent tokens are deferred.
      */
      Fts3PhraseToken *pToken = pTC->pToken;
      rc = sqlite3Fts3DeferToken(pCsr, pToken, pTC->iCol);
      fts3SegReaderCursorFree(pToken->pSegcsr);
      pToken->pSegcsr = 0;
    }else{
      /* Set nLoad4 to the value of (4^nOther) for the next iteration of the
      ** for-loop. Except, limit the value to 2^24 to prevent it from 
      ** overflowing the 32-bit integer it is stored in. */
      if( ii<12 ) nLoad4 = nLoad4*4;

      if( ii==0 || pTC->pPhrase->nToken>1 ){
        /* Either this is the cheapest token in the entire query, or it is
        ** part of a multi-token phrase. Either way, the entire doclist will
        ** (eventually) be loaded into memory. It may as well be now. */
        Fts3PhraseToken *pToken = pTC->pToken;
        int nList = 0;
        char *pList = 0;
................................................................................
        int nNear = p->nNear;
        res = fts3EvalNearTrim(nNear, aTmp, &aPoslist, &nToken, pPhrase);
      }
  
      aPoslist = pExpr->pRight->pPhrase->doclist.pList;
      nToken = pExpr->pRight->pPhrase->nToken;
      for(p=pExpr->pLeft; p && res; p=p->pLeft){
        int nNear;
        Fts3Phrase *pPhrase;
        assert( p->pParent && p->pParent->pLeft==p );
        nNear = p->pParent->nNear;
        pPhrase = (
            p->eType==FTSQUERY_NEAR ? p->pRight->pPhrase : p->pPhrase
        );
        res = fts3EvalNearTrim(nNear, aTmp, &aPoslist, &nToken, pPhrase);
      }
    }

    sqlite3_free(aTmp);
................................................................................
    for(i=0; i<pPhrase->nToken; i++){
      fts3SegReaderCursorFree(pPhrase->aToken[i].pSegcsr);
      pPhrase->aToken[i].pSegcsr = 0;
    }
  }
}

/*
** Return SQLITE_CORRUPT_VTAB.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Fts3Corrupt(){
  return SQLITE_CORRUPT_VTAB;
}
#endif

#if !SQLITE_CORE
/*
** Initialize API pointer table, if required.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_extension_init(
  sqlite3 *db, 
  char **pzErrMsg,
................................................................................
**   FTS3 query "sqlite -mysql". Otherwise, ParseContext.isNot is set to
**   zero.
*/
typedef struct ParseContext ParseContext;
struct ParseContext {
  sqlite3_tokenizer *pTokenizer;      /* Tokenizer module */
  const char **azCol;                 /* Array of column names for fts3 table */
  int bFts4;                          /* True to allow FTS4-only syntax */
  int nCol;                           /* Number of entries in azCol[] */
  int iDefaultCol;                    /* Default column to query */
  int isNot;                          /* True if getNextNode() sees a unary - */
  sqlite3_context *pCtx;              /* Write error message here */
  int nNest;                          /* Number of nested brackets */
};

................................................................................
        pRet->pPhrase->aToken[0].z = (char *)&pRet->pPhrase[1];
        memcpy(pRet->pPhrase->aToken[0].z, zToken, nToken);

        if( iEnd<n && z[iEnd]=='*' ){
          pRet->pPhrase->aToken[0].isPrefix = 1;
          iEnd++;
        }

        while( 1 ){
          if( !sqlite3_fts3_enable_parentheses 
           && iStart>0 && z[iStart-1]=='-' 
          ){
            pParse->isNot = 1;
            iStart--;
          }else if( pParse->bFts4 && iStart>0 && z[iStart-1]=='^' ){
            pRet->pPhrase->aToken[0].bFirst = 1;
            iStart--;
          }else{
            break;
          }
        }

      }
      nConsumed = iEnd;
    }

    pModule->xClose(pCursor);
  }
  
................................................................................
        memset(pToken, 0, sizeof(Fts3PhraseToken));

        memcpy(&zTemp[nTemp], zByte, nByte);
        nTemp += nByte;

        pToken->n = nByte;
        pToken->isPrefix = (iEnd<nInput && zInput[iEnd]=='*');
        pToken->bFirst = (iBegin>0 && zInput[iBegin-1]=='^');
        nToken = ii+1;
      }
    }

    pModule->xClose(pCursor);
    pCursor = 0;
  }
................................................................................
    memset(p, 0, (char *)&(((Fts3Phrase *)&p[1])->aToken[0])-(char *)p);
    p->eType = FTSQUERY_PHRASE;
    p->pPhrase = (Fts3Phrase *)&p[1];
    p->pPhrase->iColumn = pParse->iDefaultCol;
    p->pPhrase->nToken = nToken;

    zBuf = (char *)&p->pPhrase->aToken[nToken];
    if( zTemp ){
      memcpy(zBuf, zTemp, nTemp);
      sqlite3_free(zTemp);
    }else{
      assert( nTemp==0 );
    }

    for(jj=0; jj<p->pPhrase->nToken; jj++){
      p->pPhrase->aToken[jj].z = zBuf;
      zBuf += p->pPhrase->aToken[jj].n;
    }
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
  }
................................................................................
** column to match against for tokens for which a column name is not explicitly
** specified as part of the query string), or -1 if tokens may by default
** match any table column.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Fts3ExprParse(
  sqlite3_tokenizer *pTokenizer,      /* Tokenizer module */
  char **azCol,                       /* Array of column names for fts3 table */
  int bFts4,                          /* True to allow FTS4-only syntax */
  int nCol,                           /* Number of entries in azCol[] */
  int iDefaultCol,                    /* Default column to query */
  const char *z, int n,               /* Text of MATCH query */
  Fts3Expr **ppExpr                   /* OUT: Parsed query structure */
){
  int nParsed;
  int rc;
  ParseContext sParse;
  sParse.pTokenizer = pTokenizer;
  sParse.azCol = (const char **)azCol;
  sParse.nCol = nCol;
  sParse.iDefaultCol = iDefaultCol;
  sParse.nNest = 0;
  sParse.bFts4 = bFts4;
  if( z==0 ){
    *ppExpr = 0;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  if( n<0 ){
    n = (int)strlen(z);
  }
................................................................................
    goto exprtest_out;
  }
  for(ii=0; ii<nCol; ii++){
    azCol[ii] = (char *)sqlite3_value_text(argv[ii+2]);
  }

  rc = sqlite3Fts3ExprParse(
      pTokenizer, azCol, 0, nCol, nCol, zExpr, nExpr, &pExpr
  );
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK && rc!=SQLITE_NOMEM ){
    sqlite3_result_error(context, "Error parsing expression", -1);
  }else if( rc==SQLITE_NOMEM || !(zBuf = exprToString(pExpr, 0)) ){
    sqlite3_result_error_nomem(context);
  }else{
    sqlite3_result_text(context, zBuf, -1, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
................................................................................
/* 0  */  "DELETE FROM %Q.'%q_content' WHERE rowid = ?",
/* 1  */  "SELECT NOT EXISTS(SELECT docid FROM %Q.'%q_content' WHERE rowid!=?)",
/* 2  */  "DELETE FROM %Q.'%q_content'",
/* 3  */  "DELETE FROM %Q.'%q_segments'",
/* 4  */  "DELETE FROM %Q.'%q_segdir'",
/* 5  */  "DELETE FROM %Q.'%q_docsize'",
/* 6  */  "DELETE FROM %Q.'%q_stat'",
/* 7  */  "SELECT %s WHERE rowid=?",
/* 8  */  "SELECT (SELECT max(idx) FROM %Q.'%q_segdir' WHERE level = ?) + 1",
/* 9  */  "INSERT INTO %Q.'%q_segments'(blockid, block) VALUES(?, ?)",
/* 10 */  "SELECT coalesce((SELECT max(blockid) FROM %Q.'%q_segments') + 1, 1)",
/* 11 */  "INSERT INTO %Q.'%q_segdir' VALUES(?,?,?,?,?,?)",

          /* Return segments in order from oldest to newest.*/ 
/* 12 */  "SELECT idx, start_block, leaves_end_block, end_block, root "
................................................................................
  
  pStmt = p->aStmt[eStmt];
  if( !pStmt ){
    char *zSql;
    if( eStmt==SQL_CONTENT_INSERT ){
      zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(azSql[eStmt], p->zDb, p->zName, p->zWriteExprlist);
    }else if( eStmt==SQL_SELECT_CONTENT_BY_ROWID ){
      zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(azSql[eStmt], p->zReadExprlist);
    }else{
      zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(azSql[eStmt], p->zDb, p->zName);
    }
    if( !zSql ){
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }else{
      rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(p->db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, NULL);
................................................................................
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( eStmt==SQL_SELECT_DOCSIZE ){
      sqlite3_bind_int64(pStmt, 1, iDocid);
    }
    rc = sqlite3_step(pStmt);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_ROW || sqlite3_column_type(pStmt, 0)!=SQLITE_BLOB ){
      rc = sqlite3_reset(pStmt);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ) rc = FTS_CORRUPT_VTAB;
      pStmt = 0;
    }else{
      rc = SQLITE_OK;
    }
  }

  *ppStmt = pStmt;
................................................................................
** write-locks on the %_segments and %_segdir ** tables). 
**
** We try to avoid this because if FTS3 returns any error when committing
** a transaction, the whole transaction will be rolled back. And this is
** not what users expect when they get SQLITE_LOCKED_SHAREDCACHE. It can
** still happen if the user reads data directly from the %_segments or
** %_segdir tables instead of going through FTS3 though.
**
** This reasoning does not apply to a content=xxx table.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Fts3ReadLock(Fts3Table *p){
  int rc;                         /* Return code */
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt;            /* Statement used to obtain lock */

  if( p->zContentTbl==0 ){
    rc = fts3SqlStmt(p, SQL_SELECT_CONTENT_BY_ROWID, &pStmt, 0);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      sqlite3_bind_null(pStmt, 1);
      sqlite3_step(pStmt);
      rc = sqlite3_reset(pStmt);
    }
  }else{
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
  }

  return rc;
}

/*
** Set *ppStmt to a statement handle that may be used to iterate through
** all rows in the %_segdir table, from oldest to newest. If successful,
** return SQLITE_OK. If an error occurs while preparing the statement, 
................................................................................
static int fts3InsertData(
  Fts3Table *p,                   /* Full-text table */
  sqlite3_value **apVal,          /* Array of values to insert */
  sqlite3_int64 *piDocid          /* OUT: Docid for row just inserted */
){
  int rc;                         /* Return code */
  sqlite3_stmt *pContentInsert;   /* INSERT INTO %_content VALUES(...) */

  if( p->zContentTbl ){
    sqlite3_value *pRowid = apVal[p->nColumn+3];
    if( sqlite3_value_type(pRowid)==SQLITE_NULL ){
      pRowid = apVal[1];
    }
    if( sqlite3_value_type(pRowid)!=SQLITE_INTEGER ){
      return SQLITE_CONSTRAINT;
    }
    *piDocid = sqlite3_value_int64(pRowid);
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

  /* Locate the statement handle used to insert data into the %_content
  ** table. The SQL for this statement is:
  **
  **   INSERT INTO %_content VALUES(?, ?, ?, ...)
  **
  ** The statement features N '?' variables, where N is the number of user
................................................................................



/*
** Remove all data from the FTS3 table. Clear the hash table containing
** pending terms.
*/
static int fts3DeleteAll(Fts3Table *p, int bContent){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;             /* Return code */

  /* Discard the contents of the pending-terms hash table. */
  sqlite3Fts3PendingTermsClear(p);

  /* Delete everything from the shadow tables. Except, leave %_content as
  ** is if bContent is false.  */
  assert( p->zContentTbl==0 || bContent==0 );
  if( bContent ) fts3SqlExec(&rc, p, SQL_DELETE_ALL_CONTENT, 0);
  fts3SqlExec(&rc, p, SQL_DELETE_ALL_SEGMENTS, 0);
  fts3SqlExec(&rc, p, SQL_DELETE_ALL_SEGDIR, 0);
  if( p->bHasDocsize ){
    fts3SqlExec(&rc, p, SQL_DELETE_ALL_DOCSIZE, 0);
  }
  if( p->bHasStat ){
    fts3SqlExec(&rc, p, SQL_DELETE_ALL_STAT, 0);
................................................................................
  /* Because of the FTS3_NODE_PADDING bytes of padding, the following is 
  ** safe (no risk of overread) even if the node data is corrupted. */
  pNext += sqlite3Fts3GetVarint32(pNext, &nPrefix);
  pNext += sqlite3Fts3GetVarint32(pNext, &nSuffix);
  if( nPrefix<0 || nSuffix<=0 
   || &pNext[nSuffix]>&pReader->aNode[pReader->nNode] 
  ){
    return FTS_CORRUPT_VTAB;
  }

  if( nPrefix+nSuffix>pReader->nTermAlloc ){
    int nNew = (nPrefix+nSuffix)*2;
    char *zNew = sqlite3_realloc(pReader->zTerm, nNew);
    if( !zNew ){
      return SQLITE_NOMEM;
................................................................................
  /* Check that the doclist does not appear to extend past the end of the
  ** b-tree node. And that the final byte of the doclist is 0x00. If either 
  ** of these statements is untrue, then the data structure is corrupt.
  */
  if( &pReader->aDoclist[pReader->nDoclist]>&pReader->aNode[pReader->nNode] 
   || (pReader->nPopulate==0 && pReader->aDoclist[pReader->nDoclist-1])
  ){
    return FTS_CORRUPT_VTAB;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Set the SegReader to point to the first docid in the doclist associated
** with the current term.
................................................................................
** If successful, *pisEmpty is set to true if the table is empty except for
** document pRowid, or false otherwise, and SQLITE_OK is returned. If an
** error occurs, an SQLite error code is returned.
*/
static int fts3IsEmpty(Fts3Table *p, sqlite3_value *pRowid, int *pisEmpty){
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt;
  int rc;
  if( p->zContentTbl ){
    /* If using the content=xxx option, assume the table is never empty */
    *pisEmpty = 0;
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
  }else{
    rc = fts3SqlStmt(p, SQL_IS_EMPTY, &pStmt, &pRowid);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      if( SQLITE_ROW==sqlite3_step(pStmt) ){
        *pisEmpty = sqlite3_column_int(pStmt, 0);
      }
      rc = sqlite3_reset(pStmt);
    }
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Set *pnMax to the largest segment level in the database for the index
** iIndex.
................................................................................
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  int isIgnoreEmpty =  (pCsr->pFilter->flags & FTS3_SEGMENT_IGNORE_EMPTY);
  int isRequirePos =   (pCsr->pFilter->flags & FTS3_SEGMENT_REQUIRE_POS);
  int isColFilter =    (pCsr->pFilter->flags & FTS3_SEGMENT_COLUMN_FILTER);
  int isPrefix =       (pCsr->pFilter->flags & FTS3_SEGMENT_PREFIX);
  int isScan =         (pCsr->pFilter->flags & FTS3_SEGMENT_SCAN);
  int isFirst =        (pCsr->pFilter->flags & FTS3_SEGMENT_FIRST);

  Fts3SegReader **apSegment = pCsr->apSegment;
  int nSegment = pCsr->nSegment;
  Fts3SegFilter *pFilter = pCsr->pFilter;
  int (*xCmp)(Fts3SegReader *, Fts3SegReader *) = (
    p->bDescIdx ? fts3SegReaderDoclistCmpRev : fts3SegReaderDoclistCmp
  );
................................................................................
    ){
      nMerge++;
    }

    assert( isIgnoreEmpty || (isRequirePos && !isColFilter) );
    if( nMerge==1 
     && !isIgnoreEmpty 
     && !isFirst 
     && (p->bDescIdx==0 || fts3SegReaderIsPending(apSegment[0])==0)
    ){
      pCsr->nDoclist = apSegment[0]->nDoclist;
      if( fts3SegReaderIsPending(apSegment[0]) ){
        rc = fts3MsrBufferData(pCsr, apSegment[0]->aDoclist, pCsr->nDoclist);
        pCsr->aDoclist = pCsr->aBuffer;
      }else{
................................................................................
            pCsr->nBuffer = (nDoclist+nByte)*2;
            aNew = sqlite3_realloc(pCsr->aBuffer, pCsr->nBuffer);
            if( !aNew ){
              return SQLITE_NOMEM;
            }
            pCsr->aBuffer = aNew;
          }

          if( isFirst ){
            char *a = &pCsr->aBuffer[nDoclist];
            int nWrite;
           
            nWrite = sqlite3Fts3FirstFilter(iDelta, pList, nList, a);
            if( nWrite ){
              iPrev = iDocid;
              nDoclist += nWrite;
            }
          }else{
            nDoclist += sqlite3Fts3PutVarint(&pCsr->aBuffer[nDoclist], iDelta);
            iPrev = iDocid;
            if( isRequirePos ){
              memcpy(&pCsr->aBuffer[nDoclist], pList, nList);
              nDoclist += nList;
              pCsr->aBuffer[nDoclist++] = '\0';
            }
          }
        }

        fts3SegReaderSort(apSegment, nMerge, j, xCmp);
      }
      if( nDoclist>0 ){
        pCsr->aDoclist = pCsr->aBuffer;
................................................................................

/*
** Insert the sizes (in tokens) for each column of the document
** with docid equal to p->iPrevDocid.  The sizes are encoded as
** a blob of varints.
*/
static void fts3InsertDocsize(
  int *pRC,                       /* Result code */
  Fts3Table *p,                   /* Table into which to insert */
  u32 *aSz                        /* Sizes of each column, in tokens */
){
  char *pBlob;             /* The BLOB encoding of the document size */
  int nBlob;               /* Number of bytes in the BLOB */
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt;     /* Statement used to insert the encoding */
  int rc;                  /* Result code from subfunctions */

  if( *pRC ) return;
................................................................................
    }
  }
  sqlite3Fts3SegmentsClose(p);
  sqlite3Fts3PendingTermsClear(p);

  return (rc==SQLITE_OK && bReturnDone && bSeenDone) ? SQLITE_DONE : rc;
}

/*
** This function is called when the user executes the following statement:
**
**     INSERT INTO <tbl>(<tbl>) VALUES('rebuild');
**
** The entire FTS index is discarded and rebuilt. If the table is one 
** created using the content=xxx option, then the new index is based on
** the current contents of the xxx table. Otherwise, it is rebuilt based
** on the contents of the %_content table.
*/
static int fts3DoRebuild(Fts3Table *p){
  int rc;                         /* Return Code */

  rc = fts3DeleteAll(p, 0);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    u32 *aSz = 0;
    u32 *aSzIns = 0;
    u32 *aSzDel = 0;
    sqlite3_stmt *pStmt = 0;
    int nEntry = 0;

    /* Compose and prepare an SQL statement to loop through the content table */
    char *zSql = sqlite3_mprintf("SELECT %s" , p->zReadExprlist);
    if( !zSql ){
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }else{
      rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(p->db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
      sqlite3_free(zSql);
    }

    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      int nByte = sizeof(u32) * (p->nColumn+1)*3;
      aSz = (u32 *)sqlite3_malloc(nByte);
      if( aSz==0 ){
        rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
      }else{
        memset(aSz, 0, nByte);
        aSzIns = &aSz[p->nColumn+1];
        aSzDel = &aSzIns[p->nColumn+1];
      }
    }

    while( rc==SQLITE_OK && SQLITE_ROW==sqlite3_step(pStmt) ){
      int iCol;
      rc = fts3PendingTermsDocid(p, sqlite3_column_int64(pStmt, 0));
      aSz[p->nColumn] = 0;
      for(iCol=0; rc==SQLITE_OK && iCol<p->nColumn; iCol++){
        const char *z = (const char *) sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, iCol+1);
        rc = fts3PendingTermsAdd(p, z, iCol, &aSz[iCol]);
        aSz[p->nColumn] += sqlite3_column_bytes(pStmt, iCol+1);
      }
      if( p->bHasDocsize ){
        fts3InsertDocsize(&rc, p, aSz);
      }
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
        pStmt = 0;
      }else{
        nEntry++;
        for(iCol=0; iCol<=p->nColumn; iCol++){
          aSzIns[iCol] += aSz[iCol];
        }
      }
    }
    if( p->bHasStat ){
      fts3UpdateDocTotals(&rc, p, aSzIns, aSzDel, nEntry);
    }
    sqlite3_free(aSz);

    if( pStmt ){
      int rc2 = sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        rc = rc2;
      }
    }
  }

  return rc;
}

/*
** Handle a 'special' INSERT of the form:
**
**   "INSERT INTO tbl(tbl) VALUES(<expr>)"
**
** Argument pVal contains the result of <expr>. Currently the only 
................................................................................
  const char *zVal = (const char *)sqlite3_value_text(pVal);
  int nVal = sqlite3_value_bytes(pVal);

  if( !zVal ){
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }else if( nVal==8 && 0==sqlite3_strnicmp(zVal, "optimize", 8) ){
    rc = fts3DoOptimize(p, 0);
  }else if( nVal==7 && 0==sqlite3_strnicmp(zVal, "rebuild", 7) ){
    rc = fts3DoRebuild(p);
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
  }else if( nVal>9 && 0==sqlite3_strnicmp(zVal, "nodesize=", 9) ){
    p->nNodeSize = atoi(&zVal[9]);
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
  }else if( nVal>11 && 0==sqlite3_strnicmp(zVal, "maxpending=", 9) ){
    p->nMaxPendingData = atoi(&zVal[11]);
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
................................................................................
        int iPos;                 /* Position of token in zText */
  
        pTC->pTokenizer = pT;
        rc = pModule->xNext(pTC, &zToken, &nToken, &iDum1, &iDum2, &iPos);
        for(pDef=pCsr->pDeferred; pDef && rc==SQLITE_OK; pDef=pDef->pNext){
          Fts3PhraseToken *pPT = pDef->pToken;
          if( (pDef->iCol>=p->nColumn || pDef->iCol==i)
           && (pPT->bFirst==0 || iPos==0)
           && (pPT->n==nToken || (pPT->isPrefix && pPT->n<nToken))
           && (0==memcmp(zToken, pPT->z, pPT->n))
          ){
            fts3PendingListAppend(&pDef->pList, iDocid, i, iPos, &rc);
          }
        }
      }
................................................................................
  int isEmpty = 0;
  int rc = fts3IsEmpty(p, pRowid, &isEmpty);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( isEmpty ){
      /* Deleting this row means the whole table is empty. In this case
      ** delete the contents of all three tables and throw away any
      ** data in the pendingTerms hash table.  */
      rc = fts3DeleteAll(p, 1);
      *pnDoc = *pnDoc - 1;
    }else{
      sqlite3_int64 iRemove = sqlite3_value_int64(pRowid);
      rc = fts3PendingTermsDocid(p, iRemove);
      fts3DeleteTerms(&rc, p, pRowid, aSzDel);
      if( p->zContentTbl==0 ){
        fts3SqlExec(&rc, p, SQL_DELETE_CONTENT, &pRowid);
        if( sqlite3_changes(p->db) ) *pnDoc = *pnDoc - 1;
      }else{
        *pnDoc = *pnDoc - 1;
      }
      if( p->bHasDocsize ){
        fts3SqlExec(&rc, p, SQL_DELETE_DOCSIZE, &pRowid);
      }
    }
  }

  return rc;
................................................................................
  int nArg,                       /* Size of argument array */
  sqlite3_value **apVal,          /* Array of arguments */
  sqlite_int64 *pRowid            /* OUT: The affected (or effected) rowid */
){
  Fts3Table *p = (Fts3Table *)pVtab;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;             /* Return Code */
  int isRemove = 0;               /* True for an UPDATE or DELETE */

  u32 *aSzIns = 0;                /* Sizes of inserted documents */
  u32 *aSzDel;                    /* Sizes of deleted documents */
  int nChng = 0;                  /* Net change in number of documents */
  int bInsertDone = 0;

  assert( p->pSegments==0 );

................................................................................
  **
  ** If the on-conflict mode is REPLACE, this means that the existing row
  ** should be deleted from the database before inserting the new row. Or,
  ** if the on-conflict mode is other than REPLACE, then this method must
  ** detect the conflict and return SQLITE_CONSTRAINT before beginning to
  ** modify the database file.
  */
  if( nArg>1 && p->zContentTbl==0 ){
    /* Find the value object that holds the new rowid value. */
    sqlite3_value *pNewRowid = apVal[3+p->nColumn];
    if( sqlite3_value_type(pNewRowid)==SQLITE_NULL ){
      pNewRowid = apVal[1];
    }

    if( sqlite3_value_type(pNewRowid)!=SQLITE_NULL && ( 
................................................................................
  }

  /* If this is a DELETE or UPDATE operation, remove the old record. */
  if( sqlite3_value_type(apVal[0])!=SQLITE_NULL ){
    assert( sqlite3_value_type(apVal[0])==SQLITE_INTEGER );
    rc = fts3DeleteByRowid(p, apVal[0], &nChng, aSzDel);
    isRemove = 1;

  }
  
  /* If this is an INSERT or UPDATE operation, insert the new record. */
  if( nArg>1 && rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( bInsertDone==0 ){
      rc = fts3InsertData(p, apVal, pRowid);
      if( rc==SQLITE_CONSTRAINT && p->zContentTbl==0 ){
        rc = FTS_CORRUPT_VTAB;
      }
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && (!isRemove || *pRowid!=p->iPrevDocid ) ){
      rc = fts3PendingTermsDocid(p, *pRowid);
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      assert( p->iPrevDocid==*pRowid );
      rc = fts3InsertTerms(p, apVal, aSzIns);
    }
    if( p->bHasDocsize ){
      fts3InsertDocsize(&rc, p, aSzIns);
    }
    nChng++;
  }
................................................................................
  pPhrase->nToken = pExpr->pPhrase->nToken;

  pCsr = sqlite3Fts3EvalPhrasePoslist(p->pCsr, pExpr, p->iCol);
  if( pCsr ){
    int iFirst = 0;
    pPhrase->pList = pCsr;
    fts3GetDeltaPosition(&pCsr, &iFirst);
    assert( iFirst>=0 );
    pPhrase->pHead = pCsr;
    pPhrase->pTail = pCsr;
    pPhrase->iHead = iFirst;
    pPhrase->iTail = iFirst;
  }else{
    assert( pPhrase->pList==0 && pPhrase->pHead==0 && pPhrase->pTail==0 );
  }
................................................................................
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
  }
  pStmt = *ppStmt;
  assert( sqlite3_data_count(pStmt)==1 );

  a = sqlite3_column_blob(pStmt, 0);
  a += sqlite3Fts3GetVarint(a, &nDoc);
  if( nDoc==0 ) return FTS_CORRUPT_VTAB;
  *pnDoc = (u32)nDoc;

  if( paLen ) *paLen = a;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
................................................................................
          iMinPos = pT->iPos-pT->iOff;
          pTerm = pT;
        }
      }

      if( !pTerm ){
        /* All offsets for this column have been gathered. */
        rc = SQLITE_DONE;
      }else{
        assert( iCurrent<=iMinPos );
        if( 0==(0xFE&*pTerm->pList) ){
          pTerm->pList = 0;
        }else{
          fts3GetDeltaPosition(&pTerm->pList, &pTerm->iPos);
        }
................................................................................
        }
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          char aBuffer[64];
          sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(aBuffer), aBuffer, 
              "%d %d %d %d ", iCol, pTerm-sCtx.aTerm, iStart, iEnd-iStart
          );
          rc = fts3StringAppend(&res, aBuffer, -1);
        }else if( rc==SQLITE_DONE && pTab->zContentTbl==0 ){
          rc = FTS_CORRUPT_VTAB;
        }
      }
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_DONE ){
      rc = SQLITE_OK;
    }

................................................................................
    if( argc>0 ){
      pCsr->aConstraint = sqlite3_malloc(sizeof(RtreeConstraint)*argc);
      pCsr->nConstraint = argc;
      if( !pCsr->aConstraint ){
        rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
      }else{
        memset(pCsr->aConstraint, 0, sizeof(RtreeConstraint)*argc);
        assert( (idxStr==0 && argc==0)
                || (idxStr && (int)strlen(idxStr)==argc*2) );
        for(ii=0; ii<argc; ii++){
          RtreeConstraint *p = &pCsr->aConstraint[ii];
          p->op = idxStr[ii*2];
          p->iCoord = idxStr[ii*2+1]-'a';
          if( p->op==RTREE_MATCH ){
            /* A MATCH operator. The right-hand-side must be a blob that
            ** can be cast into an RtreeMatchArg object. One created using
................................................................................

  for(ii=0; rc==SQLITE_OK && ii<(pRtree->iDepth-iHeight); ii++){
    int iCell;
    sqlite3_int64 iBest = 0;

    float fMinGrowth = 0.0;
    float fMinArea = 0.0;
#if VARIANT_RSTARTREE_CHOOSESUBTREE
    float fMinOverlap = 0.0;
    float overlap;
#endif

    int nCell = NCELL(pNode);
    RtreeCell cell;
    RtreeNode *pChild;

    RtreeCell *aCell = 0;

................................................................................
    ** is inserted into it. Resolve ties by choosing the entry with
    ** the smallest area.
    */
    for(iCell=0; iCell<nCell; iCell++){
      int bBest = 0;
      float growth;
      float area;

      nodeGetCell(pRtree, pNode, iCell, &cell);
      growth = cellGrowth(pRtree, &cell, pCell);
      area = cellArea(pRtree, &cell);

#if VARIANT_RSTARTREE_CHOOSESUBTREE
      if( ii==(pRtree->iDepth-1) ){
        overlap = cellOverlapEnlargement(pRtree,&cell,pCell,aCell,nCell,iCell);
      }else{
        overlap = 0.0;
      }
      if( (iCell==0) 
       || (overlap<fMinOverlap) 
       || (overlap==fMinOverlap && growth<fMinGrowth)
       || (overlap==fMinOverlap && growth==fMinGrowth && area<fMinArea)
      ){
        bBest = 1;
        fMinOverlap = overlap;
      }
#else
      if( iCell==0||growth<fMinGrowth||(growth==fMinGrowth && area<fMinArea) ){
        bBest = 1;
      }
#endif
      if( bBest ){

        fMinGrowth = growth;
        fMinArea = area;
        iBest = cell.iRowid;
      }
    }

    sqlite3_free(aCell);

Changes to src/sqlite3.h.

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** string contains the date and time of the check-in (UTC) and an SHA1
** hash of the entire source tree.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.7.8"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3007008
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2011-09-17 17:29:20 b31a7d7db9040d8eedaf1ecd89ea0033f579d0f1"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version, sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
** have write permission on the directory containing the database file want
** to read the database file, as the WAL and shared memory files must exist
** in order for the database to be readable.  The fourth parameter to
** [sqlite3_file_control()] for this opcode should be a pointer to an integer.
** That integer is 0 to disable persistent WAL mode or 1 to enable persistent
** WAL mode.  If the integer is -1, then it is overwritten with the current
** WAL persistence setting.
** 




*/
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE        1
#define SQLITE_GET_LOCKPROXYFILE      2
#define SQLITE_SET_LOCKPROXYFILE      3
#define SQLITE_LAST_ERRNO             4
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_HINT        5
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_CHUNK_SIZE       6
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_FILE_POINTER     7
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_SYNC_OMITTED     8
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_AV_RETRY   9
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_PERSIST_WAL     10


/*
** CAPI3REF: Mutex Handle
**
** The mutex module within SQLite defines [sqlite3_mutex] to be an
** abstract type for a mutex object.  The SQLite core never looks
** at the internal representation of an [sqlite3_mutex].  It only
................................................................................
** to using its default memory allocator (the system malloc() implementation),
** undoing any prior invocation of [SQLITE_CONFIG_MALLOC].  ^If the
** memory pointer is not NULL and either [SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS3] or
** [SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS5] are defined, then the alternative memory
** allocator is engaged to handle all of SQLites memory allocation needs.
** The first pointer (the memory pointer) must be aligned to an 8-byte
** boundary or subsequent behavior of SQLite will be undefined.
** The minimum allocation size is capped at 2^12. Reasonable values
** for the minimum allocation size are 2^5 through 2^8.</dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_MUTEX]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_MUTEX</dt>
** <dd> ^(This option takes a single argument which is a pointer to an
** instance of the [sqlite3_mutex_methods] structure.  The argument specifies
** alternative low-level mutex routines to be used in place
** the mutex routines built into SQLite.)^  ^SQLite makes a copy of the
** content of the [sqlite3_mutex_methods] structure before the call to
................................................................................
** first zero terminator. ^If nByte is non-negative, then it is the maximum
** number of  bytes read from zSql.  ^When nByte is non-negative, the
** zSql string ends at either the first '\000' or '\u0000' character or
** the nByte-th byte, whichever comes first. If the caller knows
** that the supplied string is nul-terminated, then there is a small
** performance advantage to be gained by passing an nByte parameter that
** is equal to the number of bytes in the input string <i>including</i>
** the nul-terminator bytes.

**
** ^If pzTail is not NULL then *pzTail is made to point to the first byte
** past the end of the first SQL statement in zSql.  These routines only
** compile the first statement in zSql, so *pzTail is left pointing to
** what remains uncompiled.
**
** ^*ppStmt is left pointing to a compiled [prepared statement] that can be
................................................................................
** WHERE clause might influence the choice of query plan for a statement,
** then the statement will be automatically recompiled, as if there had been 
** a schema change, on the first  [sqlite3_step()] call following any change
** to the [sqlite3_bind_text | bindings] of that [parameter]. 
** ^The specific value of WHERE-clause [parameter] might influence the 
** choice of query plan if the parameter is the left-hand side of a [LIKE]
** or [GLOB] operator or if the parameter is compared to an indexed column
** and the [SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2] compile-time option is enabled.
** the 
** </li>
** </ol>
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_prepare(
  sqlite3 *db,            /* Database handle */
  const char *zSql,       /* SQL statement, UTF-8 encoded */
................................................................................
** ^The third argument is the value to bind to the parameter.
**
** ^(In those routines that have a fourth argument, its value is the
** number of bytes in the parameter.  To be clear: the value is the
** number of <u>bytes</u> in the value, not the number of characters.)^
** ^If the fourth parameter is negative, the length of the string is
** the number of bytes up to the first zero terminator.







**
** ^The fifth argument to sqlite3_bind_blob(), sqlite3_bind_text(), and
** sqlite3_bind_text16() is a destructor used to dispose of the BLOB or
** string after SQLite has finished with it.  ^The destructor is called
** to dispose of the BLOB or string even if the call to sqlite3_bind_blob(),
** sqlite3_bind_text(), or sqlite3_bind_text16() fails.  
** ^If the fifth argument is
................................................................................
**
** ^The sqlite3_data_count(P) interface returns the number of columns in the
** current row of the result set of [prepared statement] P.
** ^If prepared statement P does not have results ready to return
** (via calls to the [sqlite3_column_int | sqlite3_column_*()] of
** interfaces) then sqlite3_data_count(P) returns 0.
** ^The sqlite3_data_count(P) routine also returns 0 if P is a NULL pointer.






**
** See also: [sqlite3_column_count()]
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_data_count(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Fundamental Datatypes
................................................................................
** the 2nd parameter of the sqlite3_result_text* interfaces.
** ^If the 3rd parameter to the sqlite3_result_text* interfaces
** is negative, then SQLite takes result text from the 2nd parameter
** through the first zero character.
** ^If the 3rd parameter to the sqlite3_result_text* interfaces
** is non-negative, then as many bytes (not characters) of the text
** pointed to by the 2nd parameter are taken as the application-defined
** function result.





** ^If the 4th parameter to the sqlite3_result_text* interfaces
** or sqlite3_result_blob is a non-NULL pointer, then SQLite calls that
** function as the destructor on the text or BLOB result when it has
** finished using that result.
** ^If the 4th parameter to the sqlite3_result_text* interfaces or to
** sqlite3_result_blob is the special constant SQLITE_STATIC, then SQLite
** assumes that the text or BLOB result is in constant space and does not
................................................................................
**
** [[SQLITE_DBSTATUS_STMT_USED]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_DBSTATUS_STMT_USED</dt>
** <dd>This parameter returns the approximate number of of bytes of heap
** and lookaside memory used by all prepared statements associated with
** the database connection.)^
** ^The highwater mark associated with SQLITE_DBSTATUS_STMT_USED is always 0.
** </dd>












** </dl>
*/
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_USED       0
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_USED           1
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_SCHEMA_USED          2
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_STMT_USED            3
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_HIT        4
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_MISS_SIZE  5
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_MISS_FULL  6


#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_MAX                  6   /* Largest defined DBSTATUS */


/*
** CAPI3REF: Prepared Statement Status
**
** ^(Each prepared statement maintains various
** [SQLITE_STMTSTATUS counters] that measure the number
................................................................................
**
** [[SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_AUTOINDEX]] <dt>SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_AUTOINDEX</dt>
** <dd>^This is the number of rows inserted into transient indices that
** were created automatically in order to help joins run faster.
** A non-zero value in this counter may indicate an opportunity to
** improvement performance by adding permanent indices that do not
** need to be reinitialized each time the statement is run.</dd>
**
** </dl>
*/
#define SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_FULLSCAN_STEP     1
#define SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_SORT              2
#define SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_AUTOINDEX         3

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<







103
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....
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....
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5919
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** string contains the date and time of the check-in (UTC) and an SHA1
** hash of the entire source tree.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.7.9"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3007009
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2011-10-29 15:29:43 fb15f5458eb3e17ce9795c09bffe1224fea0eecd"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version, sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
** have write permission on the directory containing the database file want
** to read the database file, as the WAL and shared memory files must exist
** in order for the database to be readable.  The fourth parameter to
** [sqlite3_file_control()] for this opcode should be a pointer to an integer.
** That integer is 0 to disable persistent WAL mode or 1 to enable persistent
** WAL mode.  If the integer is -1, then it is overwritten with the current
** WAL persistence setting.
**
** ^The [SQLITE_FCNTL_OVERWRITE] opcode is invoked by SQLite after opening
** a write transaction to indicate that, unless it is rolled back for some
** reason, the entire database file will be overwritten by the current 
** transaction. This is used by VACUUM operations.
*/
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE        1
#define SQLITE_GET_LOCKPROXYFILE      2
#define SQLITE_SET_LOCKPROXYFILE      3
#define SQLITE_LAST_ERRNO             4
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_HINT        5
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_CHUNK_SIZE       6
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_FILE_POINTER     7
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_SYNC_OMITTED     8
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_AV_RETRY   9
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_PERSIST_WAL     10
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_OVERWRITE       11

/*
** CAPI3REF: Mutex Handle
**
** The mutex module within SQLite defines [sqlite3_mutex] to be an
** abstract type for a mutex object.  The SQLite core never looks
** at the internal representation of an [sqlite3_mutex].  It only
................................................................................
** to using its default memory allocator (the system malloc() implementation),
** undoing any prior invocation of [SQLITE_CONFIG_MALLOC].  ^If the
** memory pointer is not NULL and either [SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS3] or
** [SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS5] are defined, then the alternative memory
** allocator is engaged to handle all of SQLites memory allocation needs.
** The first pointer (the memory pointer) must be aligned to an 8-byte
** boundary or subsequent behavior of SQLite will be undefined.
** The minimum allocation size is capped at 2**12. Reasonable values
** for the minimum allocation size are 2**5 through 2**8.</dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_MUTEX]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_MUTEX</dt>
** <dd> ^(This option takes a single argument which is a pointer to an
** instance of the [sqlite3_mutex_methods] structure.  The argument specifies
** alternative low-level mutex routines to be used in place
** the mutex routines built into SQLite.)^  ^SQLite makes a copy of the
** content of the [sqlite3_mutex_methods] structure before the call to
................................................................................
** first zero terminator. ^If nByte is non-negative, then it is the maximum
** number of  bytes read from zSql.  ^When nByte is non-negative, the
** zSql string ends at either the first '\000' or '\u0000' character or
** the nByte-th byte, whichever comes first. If the caller knows
** that the supplied string is nul-terminated, then there is a small
** performance advantage to be gained by passing an nByte parameter that
** is equal to the number of bytes in the input string <i>including</i>
** the nul-terminator bytes as this saves SQLite from having to
** make a copy of the input string.
**
** ^If pzTail is not NULL then *pzTail is made to point to the first byte
** past the end of the first SQL statement in zSql.  These routines only
** compile the first statement in zSql, so *pzTail is left pointing to
** what remains uncompiled.
**
** ^*ppStmt is left pointing to a compiled [prepared statement] that can be
................................................................................
** WHERE clause might influence the choice of query plan for a statement,
** then the statement will be automatically recompiled, as if there had been 
** a schema change, on the first  [sqlite3_step()] call following any change
** to the [sqlite3_bind_text | bindings] of that [parameter]. 
** ^The specific value of WHERE-clause [parameter] might influence the 
** choice of query plan if the parameter is the left-hand side of a [LIKE]
** or [GLOB] operator or if the parameter is compared to an indexed column
** and the [SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3] compile-time option is enabled.
** the 
** </li>
** </ol>
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_prepare(
  sqlite3 *db,            /* Database handle */
  const char *zSql,       /* SQL statement, UTF-8 encoded */
................................................................................
** ^The third argument is the value to bind to the parameter.
**
** ^(In those routines that have a fourth argument, its value is the
** number of bytes in the parameter.  To be clear: the value is the
** number of <u>bytes</u> in the value, not the number of characters.)^
** ^If the fourth parameter is negative, the length of the string is
** the number of bytes up to the first zero terminator.
** If a non-negative fourth parameter is provided to sqlite3_bind_text()
** or sqlite3_bind_text16() then that parameter must be the byte offset
** where the NUL terminator would occur assuming the string were NUL
** terminated.  If any NUL characters occur at byte offsets less than 
** the value of the fourth parameter then the resulting string value will
** contain embedded NULs.  The result of expressions involving strings
** with embedded NULs is undefined.
**
** ^The fifth argument to sqlite3_bind_blob(), sqlite3_bind_text(), and
** sqlite3_bind_text16() is a destructor used to dispose of the BLOB or
** string after SQLite has finished with it.  ^The destructor is called
** to dispose of the BLOB or string even if the call to sqlite3_bind_blob(),
** sqlite3_bind_text(), or sqlite3_bind_text16() fails.  
** ^If the fifth argument is
................................................................................
**
** ^The sqlite3_data_count(P) interface returns the number of columns in the
** current row of the result set of [prepared statement] P.
** ^If prepared statement P does not have results ready to return
** (via calls to the [sqlite3_column_int | sqlite3_column_*()] of
** interfaces) then sqlite3_data_count(P) returns 0.
** ^The sqlite3_data_count(P) routine also returns 0 if P is a NULL pointer.
** ^The sqlite3_data_count(P) routine returns 0 if the previous call to
** [sqlite3_step](P) returned [SQLITE_DONE].  ^The sqlite3_data_count(P)
** will return non-zero if previous call to [sqlite3_step](P) returned
** [SQLITE_ROW], except in the case of the [PRAGMA incremental_vacuum]
** where it always returns zero since each step of that multi-step
** pragma returns 0 columns of data.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_column_count()]
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_data_count(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Fundamental Datatypes
................................................................................
** the 2nd parameter of the sqlite3_result_text* interfaces.
** ^If the 3rd parameter to the sqlite3_result_text* interfaces
** is negative, then SQLite takes result text from the 2nd parameter
** through the first zero character.
** ^If the 3rd parameter to the sqlite3_result_text* interfaces
** is non-negative, then as many bytes (not characters) of the text
** pointed to by the 2nd parameter are taken as the application-defined
** function result.  If the 3rd parameter is non-negative, then it
** must be the byte offset into the string where the NUL terminator would
** appear if the string where NUL terminated.  If any NUL characters occur
** in the string at a byte offset that is less than the value of the 3rd
** parameter, then the resulting string will contain embedded NULs and the
** result of expressions operating on strings with embedded NULs is undefined.
** ^If the 4th parameter to the sqlite3_result_text* interfaces
** or sqlite3_result_blob is a non-NULL pointer, then SQLite calls that
** function as the destructor on the text or BLOB result when it has
** finished using that result.
** ^If the 4th parameter to the sqlite3_result_text* interfaces or to
** sqlite3_result_blob is the special constant SQLITE_STATIC, then SQLite
** assumes that the text or BLOB result is in constant space and does not
................................................................................
**
** [[SQLITE_DBSTATUS_STMT_USED]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_DBSTATUS_STMT_USED</dt>
** <dd>This parameter returns the approximate number of of bytes of heap
** and lookaside memory used by all prepared statements associated with
** the database connection.)^
** ^The highwater mark associated with SQLITE_DBSTATUS_STMT_USED is always 0.
** </dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_HIT]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_HIT</dt>
** <dd>This parameter returns the number of pager cache hits that have
** occurred.)^ ^The highwater mark associated with SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_HIT 
** is always 0.
** </dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_MISS]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_MISS</dt>
** <dd>This parameter returns the number of pager cache misses that have
** occurred.)^ ^The highwater mark associated with SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_MISS 
** is always 0.
** </dd>
** </dl>
*/
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_USED       0
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_USED           1
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_SCHEMA_USED          2
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_STMT_USED            3
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_HIT        4
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_MISS_SIZE  5
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_MISS_FULL  6
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_HIT            7
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_MISS           8
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_MAX                  8   /* Largest defined DBSTATUS */


/*
** CAPI3REF: Prepared Statement Status
**
** ^(Each prepared statement maintains various
** [SQLITE_STMTSTATUS counters] that measure the number
................................................................................
**
** [[SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_AUTOINDEX]] <dt>SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_AUTOINDEX</dt>
** <dd>^This is the number of rows inserted into transient indices that
** were created automatically in order to help joins run faster.
** A non-zero value in this counter may indicate an opportunity to
** improvement performance by adding permanent indices that do not
** need to be reinitialized each time the statement is run.</dd>

** </dl>
*/
#define SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_FULLSCAN_STEP     1
#define SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_SORT              2
#define SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_AUTOINDEX         3

/*