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Overview
Comment:Update the built-in SQLite to version 3.8.6.
Downloads: Tarball | ZIP archive | SQL archive
Timelines: family | ancestors | descendants | both | trunk
Files: files | file ages | folders
SHA1:95ee3b370851674d0bb74084611ece714b9f38ad
User & Date: drh 2014-08-15 19:01:24
Context
2014-12-10
22:06
Add a missing "closedir()". check-in: 15adeb2f9a user: drh tags: trunk
2014-08-15
19:01
Update the built-in SQLite to version 3.8.6. check-in: 95ee3b3708 user: drh tags: trunk
2014-06-14
17:20
In sqlarfs (the Fuse FS driver for SQLite archives) make sure it always runs in the foreground. And after it stops, clean up prepared statements and memory allocations and close the database connection before exiting. check-in: ed4e6af2e8 user: drh tags: trunk
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34019
34020
34021
34022
34023
34024
34025
34026
34027
34028
34029
34030
34031
34032
.....
34866
34867
34868
34869
34870
34871
34872
34873
34874
34875
34876
34877
34878
34879
34880
34881
34882
34883
34884
34885
34886
34887
34888
34889
34890
34891
34892
34893
34894
34895
34896
.....
34912
34913
34914
34915
34916
34917
34918
34919
34920
34921
34922
34923
34924
34925
34926
34927
34928
34929
.....
35011
35012
35013
35014
35015
35016
35017
35018
35019
35020
35021
35022
35023
35024
35025
.....
35107
35108
35109
35110
35111
35112
35113
35114
35115
35116
35117
35118
35119
35120
35121
.....
35144
35145
35146
35147
35148
35149
35150
35151
35152
35153
35154
35155
35156
35157
35158
.....
35173
35174
35175
35176
35177
35178
35179
35180
35181
35182
35183
35184
35185
35186
35187
.....
35193
35194
35195
35196
35197
35198
35199
35200
35201
35202
35203
35204
35205
35206
35207
.....
35282
35283
35284
35285
35286
35287
35288
35289
35290
35291
35292
35293
35294
35295
35296
.....
35321
35322
35323
35324
35325
35326
35327
35328
35329
35330
35331
35332
35333
35334
35335
.....
35341
35342
35343
35344
35345
35346
35347
35348
35349
35350
35351
35352
35353
35354
35355
.....
35356
35357
35358
35359
35360
35361
35362
35363
35364
35365
35366
35367
35368
35369
35370
35371
35372
35373
35374
35375
35376
35377
35378
35379
35380
35381
35382
35383
35384
35385
.....
35443
35444
35445
35446
35447
35448
35449
35450
35451
35452
35453
35454
35455
35456
35457
35458
35459
35460
35461
35462
35463
35464
35465
35466
35467
.....
35550
35551
35552
35553
35554
35555
35556
35557
35558
35559
35560
35561
35562
35563
35564
35565
35566
35567
35568
35569
35570
35571
.....
35586
35587
35588
35589
35590
35591
35592
35593
35594
35595
35596
35597
35598
35599
35600
.....
35658
35659
35660
35661
35662
35663
35664
35665
35666
35667
35668
35669
35670
35671
35672
.....
35693
35694
35695
35696
35697
35698
35699
35700
35701
35702
35703
35704
35705
35706
35707
35708
35709
35710
35711
35712
35713
35714
35715
35716
35717
35718
35719
35720
.....
35852
35853
35854
35855
35856
35857
35858
35859
35860
35861
35862
35863
35864
35865
35866
.....
36034
36035
36036
36037
36038
36039
36040
36041
36042
36043
36044
36045
36046
36047
36048
.....
36137
36138
36139
36140
36141
36142
36143
36144
36145
36146
36147
36148
36149
36150
36151
36152
36153
36154
36155
36156
36157
36158
36159
36160
36161
36162
36163
36164
36165
36166
36167
36168
36169
36170
36171
36172
36173
36174
36175
36176
36177
36178
36179
36180
36181
36182
.....
36183
36184
36185
36186
36187
36188
36189
36190
36191
36192
36193
36194
36195
36196
36197
36198
.....
36224
36225
36226
36227
36228
36229
36230
36231
36232
36233
36234
36235
36236
36237
36238
36239
.....
36314
36315
36316
36317
36318
36319
36320
36321
36322
36323
36324
36325
36326
36327
36328
.....
36523
36524
36525
36526
36527
36528
36529
36530
36531
36532
36533
36534
36535
36536
36537
36538
36539
36540
36541
36542
36543
36544
.....
36629
36630
36631
36632
36633
36634
36635
36636
36637
36638
36639
36640
36641
36642
36643
.....
36942
36943
36944
36945
36946
36947
36948
36949
36950
36951
36952
36953
36954
36955
36956
36957
36958
36959
36960
36961
36962
36963
36964
36965
36966
36967
36968
36969
.....
36971
36972
36973
36974
36975
36976
36977
36978
36979
36980
36981
36982
36983
36984
36985
.....
37090
37091
37092
37093
37094
37095
37096
37097
37098
37099
37100
37101
37102
37103
37104
.....
37108
37109
37110
37111
37112
37113
37114
37115
37116
37117
37118
37119
37120
37121
37122
37123
37124
37125
.....
49187
49188
49189
49190
49191
49192
49193
49194
49195
49196
49197
49198
49199
49200
49201
49202
49203
49204
49205
49206
49207
49208
49209
49210
.....
51312
51313
51314
51315
51316
51317
51318
51319
51320
51321
51322
51323
51324
51325
51326
.....
52782
52783
52784
52785
52786
52787
52788
52789
52790
52791
52792
52793
52794
52795
52796
.....
56891
56892
56893
56894
56895
56896
56897

56898
56899
56900
56901
56902
56903
56904
56905
.....
61580
61581
61582
61583
61584
61585
61586






























































61587
61588
61589
61590
61591
61592
61593
.....
61620
61621
61622
61623
61624
61625
61626
61627
61628
61629
61630
61631
61632
61633
61634
61635
61636
61637
61638
61639


61640
61641
61642
61643
61644
61645


61646
61647












61648
61649
61650
61651
61652
61653
61654
61655
61656
61657

61658
61659
61660























61661
61662
61663











61664
61665






61666
61667


61668
61669
61670
61671
61672
61673
61674
61675
.....
61808
61809
61810
61811
61812
61813
61814
61815
61816

61817
61818
61819
61820
61821
61822
61823
61824
61825











61826





61827
61828
61829
61830
61831
61832
61833
.....
61863
61864
61865
61866
61867
61868
61869
61870
61871
61872
61873
61874
61875
61876
61877
.....
62223
62224
62225
62226
62227
62228
62229
62230
62231
62232
62233
62234
62235
62236
62237
.....
62250
62251
62252
62253
62254
62255
62256
62257
62258
62259
62260
62261
62262
62263
62264
.....
62265
62266
62267
62268
62269
62270
62271
62272
62273
62274
62275
62276
62277
62278
62279
.....
62450
62451
62452
62453
62454
62455
62456
62457
62458
62459
62460
62461
62462
62463
62464
.....
62835
62836
62837
62838
62839
62840
62841
62842
62843
62844
62845
62846
62847
62848
62849
62850
62851
.....
62865
62866
62867
62868
62869
62870
62871
62872
62873
62874
62875
62876
62877
62878
62879
62880
62881
62882
62883
62884
62885
62886
62887
62888
62889
62890
62891
62892
62893
62894
62895
62896
62897
62898
62899
62900
62901
62902
62903
62904
62905
62906
62907
62908
62909
62910
.....
63867
63868
63869
63870
63871
63872
63873
63874
63875
63876
63877
63878
63879
63880
63881
.....
64027
64028
64029
64030
64031
64032
64033
64034
64035
64036
64037
64038
64039
64040
64041
.....
64512
64513
64514
64515
64516
64517
64518
64519
64520
64521
64522
64523
64524
64525
64526
.....
64542
64543
64544
64545
64546
64547
64548

64549
64550
64551
64552
64553
64554
64555
64556
64557
64558
64559
64560
.....
65313
65314
65315
65316
65317
65318
65319

65320
65321
65322
65323
65324
65325
65326
.....
65478
65479
65480
65481
65482
65483
65484

65485
65486
65487
65488
65489
65490
65491
.....
67062
67063
67064
67065
67066
67067
67068
67069
67070
67071
67072
67073
67074
67075
67076
.....
67512
67513
67514
67515
67516
67517
67518






67519
67520
67521
67522
67523
67524
67525
.....
67620
67621
67622
67623
67624
67625
67626
67627
67628
67629
67630
67631
67632
67633
67634
67635
67636
67637
67638
67639
67640
67641


67642
67643
67644
67645
67646
67647
67648
.....
67671
67672
67673
67674
67675
67676
67677
67678
67679
67680
67681
67682
67683
67684
67685
.....
68252
68253
68254
68255
68256
68257
68258
68259
68260
68261
68262
68263
68264


68265
68266
68267
68268
68269
68270
68271
.....
68273
68274
68275
68276
68277
68278
68279
68280
68281
68282


68283
68284
68285
68286
68287
68288
68289
.....
68292
68293
68294
68295
68296
68297
68298
68299

68300
68301




68302
68303


68304
68305
68306
68307
68308
68309
68310
.....
68459
68460
68461
68462
68463
68464
68465
68466
68467
68468
68469
68470
68471
68472
68473
.....
69681
69682
69683
69684
69685
69686
69687
69688
69689
69690
69691




69692
69693
69694
69695
69696
69697
69698
.....
69701
69702
69703
69704
69705
69706
69707
69708
69709
69710
69711
69712
69713
69714
69715
69716
69717
69718
69719
69720
69721
.....
70519
70520
70521
70522
70523
70524
70525
70526
70527
70528
70529
70530
70531
70532
70533
.....
70614
70615
70616
70617
70618
70619
70620
70621
70622
70623
70624
70625
70626
70627
70628
.....
70635
70636
70637
70638
70639
70640
70641
70642
70643
70644
70645
70646
70647
70648
70649
.....
70690
70691
70692
70693
70694
70695
70696
70697














70698
70699
70700
70701
70702
70703
70704
.....
70712
70713
70714
70715
70716
70717
70718













70719
70720
70721
70722
70723
70724
70725
.....
70726
70727
70728
70729
70730
70731
70732
70733

70734
70735
70736
70737
70738
70739
70740
70741
70742
70743
70744
70745
70746
70747
70748
70749
70750
70751
70752
.....
70783
70784
70785
70786
70787
70788
70789

70790
70791
70792
70793
70794
70795
70796
.....
70937
70938
70939
70940
70941
70942
70943
70944
70945
70946
70947
70948
70949
70950
70951
70952
70953
70954




70955
70956
70957
70958
70959
70960
70961
70962
70963
70964
70965
70966
70967
70968




70969
70970
70971
70972
70973
70974
70975
70976
70977
70978
70979
70980
70981
70982




70983
70984
70985
70986
70987
70988
70989
70990
70991
70992
70993
70994
70995
70996




70997
70998
70999
71000
71001
71002
71003
.....
71016
71017
71018
71019
71020
71021
71022



71023
71024
71025
71026
71027
71028
71029
71030
71031
71032
71033
71034
71035
.....
71170
71171
71172
71173
71174
71175
71176




71177
71178
71179
71180
71181
71182
71183
.....
71185
71186
71187
71188
71189
71190
71191




71192
71193
71194
71195
71196
71197
71198
.....
71204
71205
71206
71207
71208
71209
71210




71211
71212
71213
71214
71215
71216
71217
.....
71227
71228
71229
71230
71231
71232
71233



71234
71235
71236
71237
71238
71239
71240
.....
71297
71298
71299
71300
71301
71302
71303




71304
71305
71306
71307
71308
71309
71310
.....
71311
71312
71313
71314
71315
71316
71317



71318
71319
71320
71321
71322
71323
71324
.....
71613
71614
71615
71616
71617
71618
71619
71620
71621
71622
71623
71624
71625
71626
71627
.....
71673
71674
71675
71676
71677
71678
71679
71680
71681
71682
71683
71684
71685
71686
71687
71688
71689
71690
71691
71692
71693
71694
71695
71696
71697
71698
71699
71700
71701
71702
71703
71704
71705
71706
71707
71708
71709
71710
71711
.....
71877
71878
71879
71880
71881
71882
71883
71884
71885
71886
71887
71888




71889
71890
71891
71892
71893
71894
71895
.....
71899
71900
71901
71902
71903
71904
71905



71906
71907
71908
71909
71910
71911
71912
.....
71935
71936
71937
71938
71939
71940
71941




71942
71943
71944
71945
71946
71947
71948
71949
71950
71951
71952



71953
71954
71955
71956
71957
71958
71959
.....
71971
71972
71973
71974
71975
71976
71977




71978
71979
71980
71981
71982
71983
71984
.....
71990
71991
71992
71993
71994
71995
71996
71997
71998
71999
72000
72001
72002
72003
72004
72005
72006





72007
72008
72009
72010
72011
72012
72013
.....
72016
72017
72018
72019
72020
72021
72022
72023
72024
72025
72026
72027
72028
72029
72030
.....
72047
72048
72049
72050
72051
72052
72053










72054
72055
72056
72057
72058
72059
72060
.....
72329
72330
72331
72332
72333
72334
72335
72336
72337
72338
72339
72340
72341
72342
72343
.....
72369
72370
72371
72372
72373
72374
72375
72376
72377
72378
72379
72380
72381
72382
72383
.....
72439
72440
72441
72442
72443
72444
72445
72446
72447
72448
72449
72450
72451
72452
72453
.....
72527
72528
72529
72530
72531
72532
72533

72534
72535
72536
72537
72538
72539
72540
72541
72542
72543
72544
72545

72546
72547
72548
72549
72550
72551
72552
72553
72554
72555
72556
72557

72558
72559
72560
72561
72562
72563
72564
72565
.....
72604
72605
72606
72607
72608
72609
72610
72611
72612
72613
72614
72615
72616
72617
72618
.....
72966
72967
72968
72969
72970
72971
72972
72973
72974
72975

72976
72977
72978
72979
72980
72981
72982
72983

72984
72985
72986
72987
72988
72989
72990
72991
72992
72993
72994
72995
72996
72997
72998
72999
73000
73001
73002
73003
73004
73005
.....
73264
73265
73266
73267
73268
73269
73270
73271
73272
73273
73274
73275
73276
73277
73278
.....
73279
73280
73281
73282
73283
73284
73285
73286
73287
73288

73289
73290
73291
73292
73293
73294
73295
73296
73297
73298
.....
73316
73317
73318
73319
73320
73321
73322
73323
73324
73325
73326
73327
73328
73329
73330
.....
73766
73767
73768
73769
73770
73771
73772
73773
73774
73775
73776
73777
73778
73779
73780
.....
74756
74757
74758
74759
74760
74761
74762
74763
74764
74765
74766
74767
74768
74769
74770
74771
74772
74773
74774
74775
74776
74777
74778
74779
74780
74781
74782
74783
74784
74785
74786
74787
.....
75455
75456
75457
75458
75459
75460
75461
75462
75463
75464
75465
75466
75467
75468
75469
75470
75471
75472
75473
75474
75475
75476
.....
76494
76495
76496
76497
76498
76499
76500
76501
76502
76503
76504
76505
76506
76507
76508
.....
76850
76851
76852
76853
76854
76855
76856
76857
76858





76859
76860
76861
76862
76863
76864
76865
.....
77627
77628
77629
77630
77631
77632
77633
77634
77635
77636
77637
77638
77639
77640
77641
.....
78962
78963
78964
78965
78966
78967
78968



78969
78970
78971
78972
78973
78974
78975
.....
79069
79070
79071
79072
79073
79074
79075


































79076
79077
79078
79079
79080
79081
79082
79083
79084
79085
79086
79087
79088
79089
79090
79091
79092
79093
79094


79095
79096
79097
79098
79099
79100
79101
79102
79103
79104
79105







79106
79107
79108
79109
79110
79111
79112
79113
79114
79115
79116







79117
79118
79119

79120
79121
79122
79123
79124
79125
79126
79127
79128
79129
79130
79131
79132
79133
79134
79135
79136
79137
79138
79139
79140
79141
79142
79143
79144
79145
79146
79147
79148

79149
79150
79151
79152
79153
79154
79155
.....
79198
79199
79200
79201
79202
79203
79204
79205
79206
79207
79208
79209
79210
79211
79212
79213
79214
79215
79216
79217
79218
79219
79220
79221
79222
79223
















79224
79225
79226
79227
79228
79229
79230
79231
79232
79233
79234
79235
79236
79237
79238


79239
79240
79241
79242
79243
79244
79245
.....
79262
79263
79264
79265
79266
79267
79268
79269
79270
79271
79272
79273
79274
79275
79276
79277
79278
79279
79280
79281
79282
79283
79284
79285
79286
79287
79288
79289
79290
79291
79292
79293
79294
79295
79296
.....
79299
79300
79301
79302
79303
79304
79305
79306
79307
79308
79309
79310
79311
79312
79313
79314
79315
79316
79317
79318
79319
79320
79321
79322
79323
79324
79325
79326
79327
79328
79329
79330
79331
79332
79333
79334
79335
79336
.....
79348
79349
79350
79351
79352
79353
79354

79355
79356
79357
79358
79359
79360
79361
79362


79363
79364
79365
79366
79367
79368
79369
79370
79371
79372
79373
79374
79375
.....
79392
79393
79394
79395
79396
79397
79398
79399
79400
79401
79402
79403
79404
79405
79406
79407
79408
79409
79410
79411
79412
79413
79414
79415
79416
79417
79418
.....
79474
79475
79476
79477
79478
79479
79480
79481




79482
79483
79484
79485
79486
79487
79488
79489
.....
79496
79497
79498
79499
79500
79501
79502
79503
79504
79505
79506
79507
79508
79509
79510
.....
79519
79520
79521
79522
79523
79524
79525
79526


79527
79528
79529
79530
79531
79532
79533
79534
79535
79536
79537
79538
79539











































79540
79541
79542

79543
79544
79545
79546
79547
79548
79549
79550
79551
79552
79553
79554

79555
79556
79557
79558
79559
79560
79561
79562
79563
79564
79565
79566
79567
79568
79569
79570
79571

79572
79573
79574
79575
79576
79577
79578
79579
79580
79581
79582
79583
79584
79585
79586
79587
79588
79589
79590
79591



79592
79593
79594
79595
79596
79597
79598
79599
79600
79601
79602
79603
79604
79605
79606
79607
79608
79609
79610
79611
79612
79613
79614
79615
79616
79617
79618
79619
79620
79621
79622
.....
79669
79670
79671
79672
79673
79674
79675
79676
79677
79678
79679
79680
79681
79682
79683
79684
79685






79686

79687
79688
79689
79690
79691
79692
79693
.....
80225
80226
80227
80228
80229
80230
80231
80232
80233
80234
80235
80236
80237
80238
80239
.....
80261
80262
80263
80264
80265
80266
80267
80268
80269
80270
80271
80272
80273
80274
80275
.....
82927
82928
82929
82930
82931
82932
82933

82934
82935
82936
82937
82938
82939
82940
.....
82962
82963
82964
82965
82966
82967
82968
82969

82970
82971
82972
82973
82974
82975
82976
.....
83048
83049
83050
83051
83052
83053
83054
83055



83056





83057





83058
83059
83060
83061
83062
83063
83064
83065
83066
83067
83068
83069

83070
83071
83072
83073
83074
83075
83076
83077
83078
83079
83080
83081



83082
83083
83084
83085
83086
83087
83088
.....
83096
83097
83098
83099
83100
83101
83102

83103
83104
83105
83106
83107
83108
83109
83110
83111
83112
83113
83114
83115
83116
83117
83118
83119
83120
83121
83122
.....
83131
83132
83133
83134
83135
83136
83137
83138
83139
83140
83141
83142
83143
83144
83145
.....
83355
83356
83357
83358
83359
83360
83361
83362



83363
83364
83365
83366
83367
83368
83369
.....
83372
83373
83374
83375
83376
83377
83378
83379
83380
83381
83382
83383
83384
83385
83386
.....
83449
83450
83451
83452
83453
83454
83455
83456



83457
83458
83459
83460
83461
83462
83463
.....
83500
83501
83502
83503
83504
83505
83506
83507
83508
83509
83510
83511
83512
83513
83514
83515
83516
83517
83518
83519
83520
83521
83522
.....
83668
83669
83670
83671
83672
83673
83674
83675
83676
83677
83678
83679
83680

83681
83682
83683
83684
83685
83686
83687
83688
83689
83690
83691

83692

83693

83694


83695

83696
83697
83698
83699
83700
83701
83702
.....
83713
83714
83715
83716
83717
83718
83719
83720
83721
83722
83723
83724
83725
83726
83727
83728
83729
83730
83731
83732
83733
83734
83735
83736
83737
83738
83739
83740
83741
83742
83743


83744
83745

83746
83747
83748
83749
83750
83751

83752
83753
83754
83755
83756
83757
83758
83759
83760
83761
83762
83763
83764
83765
83766
83767
83768






83769
83770
83771
83772
83773
83774
83775
83776
83777
83778

83779







83780
83781
83782
83783
83784
83785
83786
83787
83788
83789
83790

83791

83792
83793
83794
83795
83796
83797
83798
83799
83800
83801
83802
83803


83804

83805
83806
83807
83808
83809
83810
83811
83812
83813
83814
83815
83816
83817
83818
83819
.....
83849
83850
83851
83852
83853
83854
83855
83856
83857
83858
83859
83860
83861
83862
83863
.....
83871
83872
83873
83874
83875
83876
83877
83878
83879
83880
83881
83882
83883
83884
83885
83886
83887
83888
83889
83890
83891
83892
83893
83894
83895
83896
83897
.....
83984
83985
83986
83987
83988
83989
83990

83991
83992
83993
83994
83995
83996
83997
.....
84031
84032
84033
84034
84035
84036
84037


84038
84039
84040
84041
84042
84043
84044
.....
84089
84090
84091
84092
84093
84094
84095
84096

84097
84098
84099
84100
84101
84102
84103







84104
84105
84106
84107
84108
84109
84110
.....
84137
84138
84139
84140
84141
84142
84143

84144
84145
84146
84147
84148



84149
84150
84151
84152
84153
84154
84155
.....
84183
84184
84185
84186
84187
84188
84189









84190
84191
84192
84193
84194
84195
84196
84197
.....
84206
84207
84208
84209
84210
84211
84212
84213
84214
84215
84216
84217
84218
84219
84220
.....
84265
84266
84267
84268
84269
84270
84271
84272
84273
84274
84275
84276
84277
84278
84279
.....
84283
84284
84285
84286
84287
84288
84289


84290

84291

84292
84293
84294
84295
84296
84297
84298
84299
84300
84301
84302
84303
84304
84305
84306
84307
84308
84309
84310
84311
.....
85406
85407
85408
85409
85410
85411
85412













85413
85414
85415
85416
85417
85418
85419
.....
85442
85443
85444
85445
85446
85447
85448
85449
85450

85451
85452
85453
85454
85455
85456
85457
85458
85459
85460
85461
85462
85463
85464
85465
85466
85467
.....
85509
85510
85511
85512
85513
85514
85515
85516
85517
85518
85519
85520
85521
85522
85523
.....
87409
87410
87411
87412
87413
87414
87415
87416
87417
87418
87419
87420
87421
87422
87423
.....
87986
87987
87988
87989
87990
87991
87992
87993
87994
87995
87996
87997
87998
87999
88000
88001
88002
88003
88004
88005
.....
88383
88384
88385
88386
88387
88388
88389
88390
88391
88392
88393
88394
88395
88396
88397
88398
88399
.....
88576
88577
88578
88579
88580
88581
88582
88583
88584
88585
88586
88587
88588
88589
88590
.....
89136
89137
89138
89139
89140
89141
89142
89143
89144
89145
89146
89147
89148
89149
89150
89151
89152
89153
89154
89155
89156
89157
89158
.....
89183
89184
89185
89186
89187
89188
89189
89190
89191
89192
89193
89194
89195
89196
89197
.....
89990
89991
89992
89993
89994
89995
89996
89997
89998
89999
90000
90001
90002
90003
90004
90005
90006
.....
90871
90872
90873
90874
90875
90876
90877
90878
90879
90880
90881
90882
90883
90884
90885
90886
90887
90888
90889
90890
.....
92551
92552
92553
92554
92555
92556
92557

92558
92559
92560
92561
92562
92563
92564
.....
92837
92838
92839
92840
92841
92842
92843
92844
92845
92846
92847
92848
92849
92850
92851
.....
95863
95864
95865
95866
95867
95868
95869
95870
95871
95872
95873
95874
95875
95876
95877
.....
96093
96094
96095
96096
96097
96098
96099



96100
96101
96102
96103
96104
96105
96106
.....
97870
97871
97872
97873
97874
97875
97876
97877
97878
97879
97880
97881
97882
97883
97884
.....
97892
97893
97894
97895
97896
97897
97898
97899
97900
97901
97902
97903
97904
97905
97906
.....
98438
98439
98440
98441
98442
98443
98444
98445
98446
98447
98448
98449
98450
98451
98452
.....
98566
98567
98568
98569
98570
98571
98572
98573
98574
98575
98576
98577
98578
98579
98580
.....
98934
98935
98936
98937
98938
98939
98940
98941
98942
98943
98944
98945
98946
98947
98948
.....
99184
99185
99186
99187
99188
99189
99190
99191
99192
99193
99194
99195
99196
99197
99198
99199
99200
.....
99298
99299
99300
99301
99302
99303
99304




















99305
99306

99307
99308
99309
99310
99311

99312
99313
99314
99315
99316
99317
99318
99319
99320

99321
99322
99323
99324
99325
















99326









99327
99328
99329
99330
99331
99332
99333
.....
99344
99345
99346
99347
99348
99349
99350
99351
99352
99353
99354
99355
99356
99357
99358
99359
99360
.....
99609
99610
99611
99612
99613
99614
99615
99616
99617
99618
99619
99620
99621
99622
99623
......
101132
101133
101134
101135
101136
101137
101138
101139
101140
101141
101142
101143
101144
101145
101146
101147
......
101298
101299
101300
101301
101302
101303
101304
101305
101306
101307
101308
101309
101310
101311
101312
......
101817
101818
101819
101820
101821
101822
101823
101824
101825
101826
101827
101828
101829
101830
101831
101832
101833
......
107768
107769
107770
107771
107772
107773
107774
107775

107776
107777
107778
107779
107780
107781
107782
......
109778
109779
109780
109781
109782
109783
109784

109785
109786
109787
109788
109789
109790
109791
......
110053
110054
110055
110056
110057
110058
110059
110060
110061
110062
110063
110064
110065
110066
110067
......
110583
110584
110585
110586
110587
110588
110589
110590
110591
110592
110593
110594
110595
110596
110597
......
111509
111510
111511
111512
111513
111514
111515
111516
111517
111518
111519
111520
111521
111522
111523
......
111533
111534
111535
111536
111537
111538
111539
111540
111541
111542
111543
111544
111545
111546
111547
111548
......
111999
112000
112001
112002
112003
112004
112005
112006
112007
112008
112009
112010
112011
112012
112013
......
112038
112039
112040
112041
112042
112043
112044













































































































112045
112046
112047
112048
112049
112050
112051
......
112074
112075
112076
112077
112078
112079
112080
112081
112082
112083
112084
112085
112086
112087
112088
112089
112090
......
112094
112095
112096
112097
112098
112099
112100
112101
112102
112103
112104

112105
112106
112107
112108
112109
112110
112111
112112
112113
112114
112115
112116
112117
112118
112119
112120
112121
112122
112123
112124
112125
112126
112127
112128
112129
112130
112131
112132
112133
112134
112135
112136
112137
112138
112139
112140
112141
112142
112143
112144
112145
112146
112147
112148
112149
112150
112151
112152
112153
112154
112155
112156
112157
112158
112159
112160
112161
112162
112163
112164
112165
112166
112167
112168
112169
112170
112171
112172
112173
112174
112175
112176
112177
112178
112179
112180
112181
112182
112183
112184
112185
112186
112187
112188
112189





112190
112191
112192
112193
112194
112195
112196
......
112241
112242
112243
112244
112245
112246
112247
112248
112249
112250
112251
112252
112253
112254
112255
112256
112257
112258
112259
112260
112261
112262
112263
112264
112265
112266
112267
112268
......
112448
112449
112450
112451
112452
112453
112454
112455
112456
112457
112458
112459
112460
112461
112462
......
112685
112686
112687
112688
112689
112690
112691
112692
112693
112694
112695
112696
112697
112698
112699
112700
112701
112702
112703
112704
112705
112706
112707
112708
112709
112710
112711
112712
112713
112714
112715
112716
......
113349
113350
113351
113352
113353
113354
113355

113356
113357
113358
113359
113360
113361
113362
......
113444
113445
113446
113447
113448
113449
113450


113451
113452
113453
113454
113455
113456
113457
113458
113459
113460
113461
113462
113463
113464
113465
113466
113467
113468
113469
113470
113471
......
113548
113549
113550
113551
113552
113553
113554

113555
113556
113557
113558
113559
113560
113561
......
113726
113727
113728
113729
113730
113731
113732
113733
113734
113735
113736
113737
113738
113739
113740
......
113962
113963
113964
113965
113966
113967
113968











113969
113970
113971
113972
113973
113974
113975
......
114087
114088
114089
114090
114091
114092
114093
114094
114095
114096
114097
114098
114099
114100
114101
114102
114103
114104
114105
114106
114107
......
114143
114144
114145
114146
114147
114148
114149










114150
114151
114152
114153
114154
114155
114156
......
114193
114194
114195
114196
114197
114198
114199
114200
114201
114202
114203
114204
114205
114206
114207
114208
114209
114210
114211
114212
......
114281
114282
114283
114284
114285
114286
114287
114288
114289
114290
114291
114292
114293
114294
114295
......
114325
114326
114327
114328
114329
114330
114331
114332
114333
114334
114335
114336
114337
114338
114339
114340
114341
114342
114343
114344
114345
114346
114347
114348
114349
114350
114351
114352
114353
114354
114355
114356
114357
114358
......
114376
114377
114378
114379
114380
114381
114382

114383
114384
114385
114386
114387
114388
114389
......
114390
114391
114392
114393
114394
114395
114396
114397
114398
114399
114400
114401
114402
114403
114404
......
114495
114496
114497
114498
114499
114500
114501








114502
114503
114504
114505
114506
114507
114508
......
114537
114538
114539
114540
114541
114542
114543

114544
114545
114546
114547
114548
114549
114550
......
114581
114582
114583
114584
114585
114586
114587

114588
114589
114590
114591
114592
114593
114594
......
114622
114623
114624
114625
114626
114627
114628

114629
114630
114631
114632
114633
114634
114635
......
114657
114658
114659
114660
114661
114662
114663
114664
114665
114666
114667
114668
114669
114670
114671
......
115127
115128
115129
115130
115131
115132
115133
115134
115135
115136
115137
115138
115139
115140
115141
......
115295
115296
115297
115298
115299
115300
115301







































115302
115303
115304
115305
115306
115307
115308
......
115317
115318
115319
115320
115321
115322
115323
115324
115325
115326
115327

115328
115329
115330
115331
115332
115333
115334

115335

115336
115337
115338
115339
115340
115341
115342
115343
115344
115345
115346











115347
115348

115349
115350
115351
115352
115353
115354
115355
115356
115357












115358
115359
115360
115361
115362
115363
115364
115365
115366
115367
115368
115369
115370
115371
115372
115373
115374
115375
115376
115377
115378
115379
115380
115381
115382
115383




115384
115385
115386

115387
115388
115389
115390
115391
115392
115393
115394
115395
115396
115397
115398



115399
115400
115401
115402
115403
115404

115405
115406
115407
115408
115409
115410
115411
115412
115413
115414
115415
115416

115417
115418
115419
115420
115421
115422

115423
115424
115425
115426
115427
115428
115429

115430
115431

115432

115433










115434
115435
115436
115437
115438
115439
115440
115441
115442
115443
115444

115445





115446
115447
115448
115449
115450
115451
115452
115453
115454
115455

115456
115457
115458
115459
115460
115461
115462
......
115465
115466
115467
115468
115469
115470
115471
115472




115473
115474
115475
115476
115477
115478
115479
115480
115481
115482
115483

115484
115485
115486
115487
115488

115489
115490
115491
115492
115493
115494
115495
......
115499
115500
115501
115502
115503
115504
115505

115506
115507
115508
115509
115510
115511
115512
115513

115514

115515
115516

115517
115518
115519
115520
115521
115522
115523
......
115647
115648
115649
115650
115651
115652
115653
115654
115655
115656
115657
115658
115659
115660
115661
......
116137
116138
116139
116140
116141
116142
116143

116144
116145
116146
116147
116148
116149
116150
......
120461
120462
120463
120464
120465
120466
120467






120468
120469
120470
120471
120472
120473
120474
......
121908
121909
121910
121911
121912
121913
121914


121915
121916
121917
121918
121919
121920
121921
......
122137
122138
122139
122140
122141
122142
122143
122144
122145
122146
122147
122148
122149
122150
122151
......
122172
122173
122174
122175
122176
122177
122178
122179
122180
122181
122182
122183
122184
122185
122186
......
123157
123158
123159
123160
123161
123162
123163
123164
123165
123166
123167
123168
123169
123170
123171
......
123182
123183
123184
123185
123186
123187
123188
123189
123190
123191
123192
123193
123194
123195
123196
123197
......
124209
124210
124211
124212
124213
124214
124215
124216
124217
124218
124219
124220
124221
124222
124223
124224
124225
124226
......
124442
124443
124444
124445
124446
124447
124448










124449
124450
124451
124452
124453
124454
124455
......
124490
124491
124492
124493
124494
124495
124496
124497
124498
124499
124500
124501
124502
124503
124504
......
126021
126022
126023
126024
126025
126026
126027
126028
126029
126030
126031
126032
126033
126034
126035
......
129491
129492
129493
129494
129495
129496
129497
129498
129499
129500
129501
129502
129503
129504
129505
......
129509
129510
129511
129512
129513
129514
129515
129516
129517
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129521
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129524
129525
129526
129527
129528
129529
129530
129531
129532
......
129546
129547
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129549
129550
129551
129552
129553
129554
129555
129556
129557
129558
129559
129560
......
140781
140782
140783
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140785
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140787

140788
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140814
140815

140816
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140819
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140821
140822
......
142804
142805
142806
142807
142808
142809
142810
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142813
142814
142815
142816
142817
142818
......
143020
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143025
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143031
143032
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143034
......
143107
143108
143109
143110
143111
143112
143113
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143115
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143118
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143120
143121
......
143152
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143156
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143167
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143170
......
143179
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......
143200
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143203
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143210
143211
143212
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......
143224
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......
143316
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143330
......
143387
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......
143547
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......
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145085
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145088
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145090

145091
145092



145093

145094
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145100
/******************************************************************************
** This file is an amalgamation of many separate C source files from SQLite
** version 3.8.5.  By combining all the individual C code files into this 
** single large file, the entire code can be compiled as a single translation
** unit.  This allows many compilers to do optimizations that would not be
** possible if the files were compiled separately.  Performance improvements
** of 5% or more are commonly seen when SQLite is compiled as a single
** translation unit.
**
** This file is all you need to compile SQLite.  To use SQLite in other
................................................................................
** string contains the date and time of the check-in (UTC) and an SHA1
** hash of the entire source tree.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.8.5"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3008005
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2014-06-02 11:26:33 9f18b303cd1bc5779d82669884f802c7889b4947"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version, sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
#endif

/*
** CAPI3REF: Closing A Database Connection
**
** ^The sqlite3_close() and sqlite3_close_v2() routines are destructors
** for the [sqlite3] object.
** ^Calls to sqlite3_close() and sqlite3_close_v2() return SQLITE_OK if
** the [sqlite3] object is successfully destroyed and all associated
** resources are deallocated.
**
** ^If the database connection is associated with unfinalized prepared
** statements or unfinished sqlite3_backup objects then sqlite3_close()
** will leave the database connection open and return [SQLITE_BUSY].
** ^If sqlite3_close_v2() is called with unfinalized prepared statements
** and unfinished sqlite3_backups, then the database connection becomes
** an unusable "zombie" which will automatically be deallocated when the
** last prepared statement is finalized or the last sqlite3_backup is
** finished.  The sqlite3_close_v2() interface is intended for use with
** host languages that are garbage collected, and where the order in which
** destructors are called is arbitrary.
**
** Applications should [sqlite3_finalize | finalize] all [prepared statements],
** [sqlite3_blob_close | close] all [BLOB handles], and 
** [sqlite3_backup_finish | finish] all [sqlite3_backup] objects associated
** with the [sqlite3] object prior to attempting to close the object.  ^If
** sqlite3_close_v2() is called on a [database connection] that still has
** outstanding [prepared statements], [BLOB handles], and/or
** [sqlite3_backup] objects then it returns SQLITE_OK but the deallocation
** of resources is deferred until all [prepared statements], [BLOB handles],
** and [sqlite3_backup] objects are also destroyed.
**
** ^If an [sqlite3] object is destroyed while a transaction is open,
** the transaction is automatically rolled back.
**
** The C parameter to [sqlite3_close(C)] and [sqlite3_close_v2(C)]
................................................................................
  int (*callback)(void*,int,char**,char**),  /* Callback function */
  void *,                                    /* 1st argument to callback */
  char **errmsg                              /* Error msg written here */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Result Codes
** KEYWORDS: SQLITE_OK {error code} {error codes}
** KEYWORDS: {result code} {result codes}
**
** Many SQLite functions return an integer result code from the set shown
** here in order to indicate success or failure.
**
** New error codes may be added in future versions of SQLite.
**
** See also: [SQLITE_IOERR_READ | extended result codes],
** [sqlite3_vtab_on_conflict()] [SQLITE_ROLLBACK | result codes].
*/
#define SQLITE_OK           0   /* Successful result */
/* beginning-of-error-codes */
#define SQLITE_ERROR        1   /* SQL error or missing database */
#define SQLITE_INTERNAL     2   /* Internal logic error in SQLite */
#define SQLITE_PERM         3   /* Access permission denied */
#define SQLITE_ABORT        4   /* Callback routine requested an abort */
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_WARNING     28   /* Warnings from sqlite3_log() */
#define SQLITE_ROW         100  /* sqlite3_step() has another row ready */
#define SQLITE_DONE        101  /* sqlite3_step() has finished executing */
/* end-of-error-codes */

/*
** CAPI3REF: Extended Result Codes
** KEYWORDS: {extended error code} {extended error codes}
** KEYWORDS: {extended result code} {extended result codes}
**
** In its default configuration, SQLite API routines return one of 26 integer
** [SQLITE_OK | result codes].  However, experience has shown that many of
** these result codes are too coarse-grained.  They do not provide as
** much information about problems as programmers might like.  In an effort to
** address this, newer versions of SQLite (version 3.3.8 and later) include
** support for additional result codes that provide more detailed information
** about errors. The extended result codes are enabled or disabled
** on a per database connection basis using the
** [sqlite3_extended_result_codes()] API.
**
** Some of the available extended result codes are listed here.
** One may expect the number of extended result codes will increase
** over time.  Software that uses extended result codes should expect
** to see new result codes in future releases of SQLite.
**
** The SQLITE_OK result code will never be extended.  It will always
** be exactly zero.
*/
#define SQLITE_IOERR_READ              (SQLITE_IOERR | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_SHORT_READ        (SQLITE_IOERR | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_WRITE             (SQLITE_IOERR | (3<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_FSYNC             (SQLITE_IOERR | (4<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_DIR_FSYNC         (SQLITE_IOERR | (5<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_TRUNCATE          (SQLITE_IOERR | (6<<8))
................................................................................
** integer opcode.  The third argument is a generic pointer intended to
** point to a structure that may contain arguments or space in which to
** write return values.  Potential uses for xFileControl() might be
** functions to enable blocking locks with timeouts, to change the
** locking strategy (for example to use dot-file locks), to inquire
** about the status of a lock, or to break stale locks.  The SQLite
** core reserves all opcodes less than 100 for its own use.
** A [SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE | list of opcodes] less than 100 is available.
** Applications that define a custom xFileControl method should use opcodes
** greater than 100 to avoid conflicts.  VFS implementations should
** return [SQLITE_NOTFOUND] for file control opcodes that they do not
** recognize.
**
** The xSectorSize() method returns the sector size of the
** device that underlies the file.  The sector size is the
................................................................................
  int (*xUnfetch)(sqlite3_file*, sqlite3_int64 iOfst, void *p);
  /* Methods above are valid for version 3 */
  /* Additional methods may be added in future releases */
};

/*
** CAPI3REF: Standard File Control Opcodes

**
** These integer constants are opcodes for the xFileControl method
** of the [sqlite3_io_methods] object and for the [sqlite3_file_control()]
** interface.
**
** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE] opcode is used for debugging.  This
** opcode causes the xFileControl method to write the current state of
................................................................................
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_complete(const char *sql);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_complete16(const void *sql);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Register A Callback To Handle SQLITE_BUSY Errors
**
** ^This routine sets a callback function that might be invoked whenever

** an attempt is made to open a database table that another thread

** or process has locked.


**
** ^If the busy callback is NULL, then [SQLITE_BUSY] or [SQLITE_IOERR_BLOCKED]
** is returned immediately upon encountering the lock.  ^If the busy callback
** is not NULL, then the callback might be invoked with two arguments.
**
** ^The first argument to the busy handler is a copy of the void* pointer which
** is the third argument to sqlite3_busy_handler().  ^The second argument to
** the busy handler callback is the number of times that the busy handler has
** been invoked for this locking event.  ^If the
** busy callback returns 0, then no additional attempts are made to
** access the database and [SQLITE_BUSY] or [SQLITE_IOERR_BLOCKED] is returned.

** ^If the callback returns non-zero, then another attempt
** is made to open the database for reading and the cycle repeats.

**
** The presence of a busy handler does not guarantee that it will be invoked
** when there is lock contention. ^If SQLite determines that invoking the busy
** handler could result in a deadlock, it will go ahead and return [SQLITE_BUSY]
** or [SQLITE_IOERR_BLOCKED] instead of invoking the busy handler.

** Consider a scenario where one process is holding a read lock that
** it is trying to promote to a reserved lock and
** a second process is holding a reserved lock that it is trying
** to promote to an exclusive lock.  The first process cannot proceed
** because it is blocked by the second and the second process cannot
** proceed because it is blocked by the first.  If both processes
** invoke the busy handlers, neither will make any progress.  Therefore,
** SQLite returns [SQLITE_BUSY] for the first process, hoping that this
** will induce the first process to release its read lock and allow
** the second process to proceed.
**
** ^The default busy callback is NULL.
**
** ^The [SQLITE_BUSY] error is converted to [SQLITE_IOERR_BLOCKED]
** when SQLite is in the middle of a large transaction where all the
** changes will not fit into the in-memory cache.  SQLite will
** already hold a RESERVED lock on the database file, but it needs
** to promote this lock to EXCLUSIVE so that it can spill cache
** pages into the database file without harm to concurrent
** readers.  ^If it is unable to promote the lock, then the in-memory
** cache will be left in an inconsistent state and so the error
** code is promoted from the relatively benign [SQLITE_BUSY] to
** the more severe [SQLITE_IOERR_BLOCKED].  ^This error code promotion
** forces an automatic rollback of the changes.  See the
** <a href="/cvstrac/wiki?p=CorruptionFollowingBusyError">
** CorruptionFollowingBusyError</a> wiki page for a discussion of why
** this is important.
**
** ^(There can only be a single busy handler defined for each
** [database connection].  Setting a new busy handler clears any
** previously set handler.)^  ^Note that calling [sqlite3_busy_timeout()]
** will also set or clear the busy handler.

**
** The busy callback should not take any actions which modify the
** database connection that invoked the busy handler.  Any such actions

** result in undefined behavior.
** 
** A busy handler must not close the database connection
** or [prepared statement] that invoked the busy handler.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_busy_handler(sqlite3*, int(*)(void*,int), void*);

................................................................................
** CAPI3REF: Set A Busy Timeout
**
** ^This routine sets a [sqlite3_busy_handler | busy handler] that sleeps
** for a specified amount of time when a table is locked.  ^The handler
** will sleep multiple times until at least "ms" milliseconds of sleeping
** have accumulated.  ^After at least "ms" milliseconds of sleeping,
** the handler returns 0 which causes [sqlite3_step()] to return
** [SQLITE_BUSY] or [SQLITE_IOERR_BLOCKED].
**
** ^Calling this routine with an argument less than or equal to zero
** turns off all busy handlers.
**
** ^(There can only be a single busy handler for a particular
** [database connection] any any given moment.  If another busy handler
** was defined  (using [sqlite3_busy_handler()]) prior to calling
** this routine, that other busy handler is cleared.)^


*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_busy_timeout(sqlite3*, int ms);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Convenience Routines For Running Queries
**
** This is a legacy interface that is preserved for backwards compatibility.
................................................................................
**
** The [sqlite3_set_authorizer | authorizer callback function] must
** return either [SQLITE_OK] or one of these two constants in order
** to signal SQLite whether or not the action is permitted.  See the
** [sqlite3_set_authorizer | authorizer documentation] for additional
** information.
**
** Note that SQLITE_IGNORE is also used as a [SQLITE_ROLLBACK | return code]
** from the [sqlite3_vtab_on_conflict()] interface.
*/
#define SQLITE_DENY   1   /* Abort the SQL statement with an error */
#define SQLITE_IGNORE 2   /* Don't allow access, but don't generate an error */

/*
** CAPI3REF: Authorizer Action Codes
**
................................................................................
**
** ^(If this global variable is made to point to a string which is
** the name of a folder (a.k.a. directory), then all temporary files
** created by SQLite when using a built-in [sqlite3_vfs | VFS]
** will be placed in that directory.)^  ^If this variable
** is a NULL pointer, then SQLite performs a search for an appropriate
** temporary file directory.







**
** It is not safe to read or modify this variable in more than one
** thread at a time.  It is not safe to read or modify this variable
** if a [database connection] is being used at the same time in a separate
** thread.
** It is intended that this variable be set once
** as part of process initialization and before any SQLite interface
................................................................................
** the [temp_store_directory pragma] always assumes that any string
** that this variable points to is held in memory obtained from 
** [sqlite3_malloc] and the pragma may attempt to free that memory
** using [sqlite3_free].
** Hence, if this variable is modified directly, either it should be
** made NULL or made to point to memory obtained from [sqlite3_malloc]
** or else the use of the [temp_store_directory pragma] should be avoided.





**
** <b>Note to Windows Runtime users:</b>  The temporary directory must be set
** prior to calling [sqlite3_open] or [sqlite3_open_v2].  Otherwise, various
** features that require the use of temporary files may fail.  Here is an
** example of how to do this using C++ with the Windows Runtime:
**
** <blockquote><pre>
................................................................................
** to sqlite3_mutex_alloc() is one of these integer constants:
**
** <ul>
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM2
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PRNG
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_LRU
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_LRU2


** </ul>)^
**
** ^The first two constants (SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST and SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE)
** cause sqlite3_mutex_alloc() to create
** a new mutex.  ^The new mutex is recursive when SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE
** is used but not necessarily so when SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST is used.
** The mutex implementation does not need to make a distinction
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM       3  /* sqlite3_malloc() */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM2      4  /* NOT USED */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_OPEN      4  /* sqlite3BtreeOpen() */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PRNG      5  /* sqlite3_random() */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_LRU       6  /* lru page list */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_LRU2      7  /* NOT USED */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PMEM      7  /* sqlite3PageMalloc() */




/*
** CAPI3REF: Retrieve the mutex for a database connection
**
** ^This interface returns a pointer the [sqlite3_mutex] object that 
** serializes access to the [database connection] given in the argument
** when the [threading mode] is Serialized.
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ISKEYWORD               16
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_SCRATCHMALLOC           17
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_LOCALTIME_FAULT         18
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_EXPLAIN_STMT            19
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_NEVER_CORRUPT           20
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_VDBE_COVERAGE           21
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_BYTEORDER               22

#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_LAST                    22

/*
** CAPI3REF: SQLite Runtime Status
**
** ^This interface is used to retrieve runtime status information
** about the performance of SQLite, and optionally to reset various
** highwater marks.  ^The first argument is an integer code for
................................................................................
** ^The callback registered by this function replaces any existing callback
** registered using [sqlite3_wal_hook()].  ^Likewise, registering a callback
** using [sqlite3_wal_hook()] disables the automatic checkpoint mechanism
** configured by this function.
**
** ^The [wal_autocheckpoint pragma] can be used to invoke this interface
** from SQL.



**
** ^Every new [database connection] defaults to having the auto-checkpoint
** enabled with a threshold of 1000 or [SQLITE_DEFAULT_WAL_AUTOCHECKPOINT]
** pages.  The use of this interface
** is only necessary if the default setting is found to be suboptimal
** for a particular application.
*/
................................................................................
** CAPI3REF: Checkpoint a database
**
** ^The [sqlite3_wal_checkpoint(D,X)] interface causes database named X
** on [database connection] D to be [checkpointed].  ^If X is NULL or an
** empty string, then a checkpoint is run on all databases of
** connection D.  ^If the database connection D is not in
** [WAL | write-ahead log mode] then this interface is a harmless no-op.




**
** ^The [wal_checkpoint pragma] can be used to invoke this interface
** from SQL.  ^The [sqlite3_wal_autocheckpoint()] interface and the
** [wal_autocheckpoint pragma] can be used to cause this interface to be
** run whenever the WAL reaches a certain size threshold.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2()]
................................................................................
** eMode parameter:
**
** <dl>
** <dt>SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE<dd>
**   Checkpoint as many frames as possible without waiting for any database 
**   readers or writers to finish. Sync the db file if all frames in the log
**   are checkpointed. This mode is the same as calling 
**   sqlite3_wal_checkpoint(). The busy-handler callback is never invoked.

**
** <dt>SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_FULL<dd>
**   This mode blocks (calls the busy-handler callback) until there is no

**   database writer and all readers are reading from the most recent database
**   snapshot. It then checkpoints all frames in the log file and syncs the
**   database file. This call blocks database writers while it is running,
**   but not database readers.
**
** <dt>SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_RESTART<dd>
**   This mode works the same way as SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_FULL, except after 
**   checkpointing the log file it blocks (calls the busy-handler callback)

**   until all readers are reading from the database file only. This ensures 
**   that the next client to write to the database file restarts the log file 
**   from the beginning. This call blocks database writers while it is running,
**   but not database readers.
** </dl>
**
** If pnLog is not NULL, then *pnLog is set to the total number of frames in
................................................................................
** of the SQL statement that triggered the call to the [xUpdate] method of the
** [virtual table].
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_vtab_on_conflict(sqlite3 *);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Conflict resolution modes

**
** These constants are returned by [sqlite3_vtab_on_conflict()] to
** inform a [virtual table] implementation what the [ON CONFLICT] mode
** is for the SQL statement being evaluated.
**
** Note that the [SQLITE_IGNORE] constant is also used as a potential
** return value from the [sqlite3_set_authorizer()] callback and that
................................................................................
#define OP_IfNot          45
#define OP_Column         46 /* synopsis: r[P3]=PX                         */
#define OP_Affinity       47 /* synopsis: affinity(r[P1@P2])               */
#define OP_MakeRecord     48 /* synopsis: r[P3]=mkrec(r[P1@P2])            */
#define OP_Count          49 /* synopsis: r[P2]=count()                    */
#define OP_ReadCookie     50
#define OP_SetCookie      51
#define OP_OpenRead       52 /* synopsis: root=P2 iDb=P3                   */
#define OP_OpenWrite      53 /* synopsis: root=P2 iDb=P3                   */

#define OP_OpenAutoindex  54 /* synopsis: nColumn=P2                       */
#define OP_OpenEphemeral  55 /* synopsis: nColumn=P2                       */
#define OP_SorterOpen     56
#define OP_OpenPseudo     57 /* synopsis: P3 columns in r[P2]              */
#define OP_Close          58
#define OP_SeekLT         59
#define OP_SeekLE         60
#define OP_SeekGE         61
#define OP_SeekGT         62
#define OP_Seek           63 /* synopsis: intkey=r[P2]                     */
#define OP_NoConflict     64 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_NotFound       65 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_Found          66 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_NotExists      67 /* synopsis: intkey=r[P3]                     */
#define OP_Sequence       68 /* synopsis: r[P2]=cursor[P1].ctr++           */
#define OP_NewRowid       69 /* synopsis: r[P2]=rowid                      */
#define OP_Insert         70 /* synopsis: intkey=r[P3] data=r[P2]          */
#define OP_Or             71 /* same as TK_OR, synopsis: r[P3]=(r[P1] || r[P2]) */
#define OP_And            72 /* same as TK_AND, synopsis: r[P3]=(r[P1] && r[P2]) */

#define OP_InsertInt      73 /* synopsis: intkey=P3 data=r[P2]             */
#define OP_Delete         74
#define OP_ResetCount     75
#define OP_IsNull         76 /* same as TK_ISNULL, synopsis: if r[P1]==NULL goto P2 */
#define OP_NotNull        77 /* same as TK_NOTNULL, synopsis: if r[P1]!=NULL goto P2 */
#define OP_Ne             78 /* same as TK_NE, synopsis: if r[P1]!=r[P3] goto P2 */
#define OP_Eq             79 /* same as TK_EQ, synopsis: if r[P1]==r[P3] goto P2 */
#define OP_Gt             80 /* same as TK_GT, synopsis: if r[P1]>r[P3] goto P2 */
#define OP_Le             81 /* same as TK_LE, synopsis: if r[P1]<=r[P3] goto P2 */
#define OP_Lt             82 /* same as TK_LT, synopsis: if r[P1]<r[P3] goto P2 */
#define OP_Ge             83 /* same as TK_GE, synopsis: if r[P1]>=r[P3] goto P2 */
#define OP_SorterCompare  84 /* synopsis: if key(P1)!=rtrim(r[P3],P4) goto P2 */
#define OP_BitAnd         85 /* same as TK_BITAND, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P1]&r[P2] */
#define OP_BitOr          86 /* same as TK_BITOR, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P1]|r[P2] */
#define OP_ShiftLeft      87 /* same as TK_LSHIFT, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P2]<<r[P1] */
#define OP_ShiftRight     88 /* same as TK_RSHIFT, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P2]>>r[P1] */
#define OP_Add            89 /* same as TK_PLUS, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P1]+r[P2] */
#define OP_Subtract       90 /* same as TK_MINUS, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P2]-r[P1] */
#define OP_Multiply       91 /* same as TK_STAR, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P1]*r[P2] */
#define OP_Divide         92 /* same as TK_SLASH, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P2]/r[P1] */
#define OP_Remainder      93 /* same as TK_REM, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P2]%r[P1] */
#define OP_Concat         94 /* same as TK_CONCAT, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P2]+r[P1] */
#define OP_SorterData     95 /* synopsis: r[P2]=data                       */
#define OP_BitNot         96 /* same as TK_BITNOT, synopsis: r[P1]= ~r[P1] */
#define OP_String8        97 /* same as TK_STRING, synopsis: r[P2]='P4'    */

#define OP_RowKey         98 /* synopsis: r[P2]=key                        */
#define OP_RowData        99 /* synopsis: r[P2]=data                       */
#define OP_Rowid         100 /* synopsis: r[P2]=rowid                      */
#define OP_NullRow       101
#define OP_Last          102
#define OP_SorterSort    103
#define OP_Sort          104
#define OP_Rewind        105
#define OP_SorterInsert  106
#define OP_IdxInsert     107 /* synopsis: key=r[P2]                        */
#define OP_IdxDelete     108 /* synopsis: key=r[P2@P3]                     */
#define OP_IdxRowid      109 /* synopsis: r[P2]=rowid                      */
#define OP_IdxLE         110 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_IdxGT         111 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_IdxLT         112 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_IdxGE         113 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_Destroy       114
#define OP_Clear         115
#define OP_ResetSorter   116
#define OP_CreateIndex   117 /* synopsis: r[P2]=root iDb=P1                */
#define OP_CreateTable   118 /* synopsis: r[P2]=root iDb=P1                */
#define OP_ParseSchema   119
#define OP_LoadAnalysis  120
#define OP_DropTable     121
#define OP_DropIndex     122
#define OP_DropTrigger   123
#define OP_IntegrityCk   124
#define OP_RowSetAdd     125 /* synopsis: rowset(P1)=r[P2]                 */
#define OP_RowSetRead    126 /* synopsis: r[P3]=rowset(P1)                 */
#define OP_RowSetTest    127 /* synopsis: if r[P3] in rowset(P1) goto P2   */
#define OP_Program       128
#define OP_Param         129
#define OP_FkCounter     130 /* synopsis: fkctr[P1]+=P2                    */
#define OP_FkIfZero      131 /* synopsis: if fkctr[P1]==0 goto P2          */
#define OP_MemMax        132 /* synopsis: r[P1]=max(r[P1],r[P2])           */
#define OP_Real          133 /* same as TK_FLOAT, synopsis: r[P2]=P4       */

#define OP_IfPos         134 /* synopsis: if r[P1]>0 goto P2               */
#define OP_IfNeg         135 /* synopsis: if r[P1]<0 goto P2               */

#define OP_IfZero        136 /* synopsis: r[P1]+=P3, if r[P1]==0 goto P2   */
#define OP_AggFinal      137 /* synopsis: accum=r[P1] N=P2                 */
#define OP_IncrVacuum    138
#define OP_Expire        139
#define OP_TableLock     140 /* synopsis: iDb=P1 root=P2 write=P3          */
#define OP_VBegin        141
#define OP_VCreate       142
#define OP_ToText        143 /* same as TK_TO_TEXT                         */
#define OP_ToBlob        144 /* same as TK_TO_BLOB                         */
#define OP_ToNumeric     145 /* same as TK_TO_NUMERIC                      */
#define OP_ToInt         146 /* same as TK_TO_INT                          */
#define OP_ToReal        147 /* same as TK_TO_REAL                         */

#define OP_VDestroy      148
#define OP_VOpen         149
#define OP_VColumn       150 /* synopsis: r[P3]=vcolumn(P2)                */
#define OP_VNext         151
#define OP_VRename       152
#define OP_Pagecount     153
#define OP_MaxPgcnt      154
#define OP_Init          155 /* synopsis: Start at P2                      */
#define OP_Noop          156
#define OP_Explain       157


/* Properties such as "out2" or "jump" that are specified in
** comments following the "case" for each opcode in the vdbe.c
** are encoded into bitvectors as follows:
*/
#define OPFLG_JUMP            0x0001  /* jump:  P2 holds jmp target */
................................................................................
/*   0 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x01, 0x01, 0x01,\
/*   8 */ 0x01, 0x01, 0x00, 0x00, 0x02, 0x00, 0x01, 0x00,\
/*  16 */ 0x01, 0x01, 0x04, 0x24, 0x01, 0x04, 0x05, 0x10,\
/*  24 */ 0x00, 0x02, 0x02, 0x02, 0x02, 0x00, 0x02, 0x02,\
/*  32 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x20, 0x00, 0x00, 0x04, 0x05, 0x04,\
/*  40 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x01, 0x01, 0x05, 0x05, 0x00, 0x00,\
/*  48 */ 0x00, 0x02, 0x02, 0x10, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,\
/*  56 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x11, 0x11, 0x11, 0x11, 0x08,\
/*  64 */ 0x11, 0x11, 0x11, 0x11, 0x02, 0x02, 0x00, 0x4c,\
/*  72 */ 0x4c, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x05, 0x05, 0x15, 0x15,\
/*  80 */ 0x15, 0x15, 0x15, 0x15, 0x00, 0x4c, 0x4c, 0x4c,\
/*  88 */ 0x4c, 0x4c, 0x4c, 0x4c, 0x4c, 0x4c, 0x4c, 0x00,\
/*  96 */ 0x24, 0x02, 0x00, 0x00, 0x02, 0x00, 0x01, 0x01,\
/* 104 */ 0x01, 0x01, 0x08, 0x08, 0x00, 0x02, 0x01, 0x01,\
/* 112 */ 0x01, 0x01, 0x02, 0x00, 0x00, 0x02, 0x02, 0x00,\
/* 120 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x0c, 0x45, 0x15,\
/* 128 */ 0x01, 0x02, 0x00, 0x01, 0x08, 0x02, 0x05, 0x05,\
/* 136 */ 0x05, 0x00, 0x01, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x04,\
/* 144 */ 0x04, 0x04, 0x04, 0x04, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x01,\
/* 152 */ 0x00, 0x02, 0x02, 0x01, 0x00, 0x00,}

/************** End of opcodes.h *********************************************/
/************** Continuing where we left off in vdbe.h ***********************/

/*
** Prototypes for the VDBE interface.  See comments on the implementation
** for a description of what each of these routines does.
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeSwap(Vdbe*,Vdbe*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE VdbeOp *sqlite3VdbeTakeOpArray(Vdbe*, int*, int*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE sqlite3_value *sqlite3VdbeGetBoundValue(Vdbe*, int, u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeSetVarmask(Vdbe*, int);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRACE
SQLITE_PRIVATE   char *sqlite3VdbeExpandSql(Vdbe*, const char*);
#endif


SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeRecordUnpack(KeyInfo*,int,const void*,UnpackedRecord*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(int,const void*,UnpackedRecord*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE UnpackedRecord *sqlite3VdbeAllocUnpackedRecord(KeyInfo *, char *, int, char **);

typedef int (*RecordCompare)(int,const void*,UnpackedRecord*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE RecordCompare sqlite3VdbeFindCompare(UnpackedRecord*);
................................................................................
  Hash tblHash;        /* All tables indexed by name */
  Hash idxHash;        /* All (named) indices indexed by name */
  Hash trigHash;       /* All triggers indexed by name */
  Hash fkeyHash;       /* All foreign keys by referenced table name */
  Table *pSeqTab;      /* The sqlite_sequence table used by AUTOINCREMENT */
  u8 file_format;      /* Schema format version for this file */
  u8 enc;              /* Text encoding used by this database */
  u16 flags;           /* Flags associated with this schema */
  int cache_size;      /* Number of pages to use in the cache */
};

/*
** These macros can be used to test, set, or clear bits in the 
** Db.pSchema->flags field.
*/
#define DbHasProperty(D,I,P)     (((D)->aDb[I].pSchema->flags&(P))==(P))
#define DbHasAnyProperty(D,I,P)  (((D)->aDb[I].pSchema->flags&(P))!=0)
#define DbSetProperty(D,I,P)     (D)->aDb[I].pSchema->flags|=(P)
#define DbClearProperty(D,I,P)   (D)->aDb[I].pSchema->flags&=~(P)

/*
** Allowed values for the DB.pSchema->flags field.
**
** The DB_SchemaLoaded flag is set after the database schema has been
** read into internal hash tables.
**
................................................................................
#endif
  LogEst nRowLogEst;   /* Estimated rows in table - from sqlite_stat1 table */
  int tnum;            /* Root BTree node for this table (see note above) */
  i16 iPKey;           /* If not negative, use aCol[iPKey] as the primary key */
  i16 nCol;            /* Number of columns in this table */
  u16 nRef;            /* Number of pointers to this Table */
  LogEst szTabRow;     /* Estimated size of each table row in bytes */



  u8 tabFlags;         /* Mask of TF_* values */
  u8 keyConf;          /* What to do in case of uniqueness conflict on iPKey */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_ALTERTABLE
  int addColOffset;    /* Offset in CREATE TABLE stmt to add a new column */
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  int nModuleArg;      /* Number of arguments to the module */
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_IDXTYPE_APPDEF      0   /* Created using CREATE INDEX */
#define SQLITE_IDXTYPE_UNIQUE      1   /* Implements a UNIQUE constraint */
#define SQLITE_IDXTYPE_PRIMARYKEY  2   /* Is the PRIMARY KEY for the table */

/* Return true if index X is a PRIMARY KEY index */
#define IsPrimaryKeyIndex(X)  ((X)->idxType==SQLITE_IDXTYPE_PRIMARYKEY)




/*
** Each sample stored in the sqlite_stat3 table is represented in memory 
** using a structure of this type.  See documentation at the top of the
** analyze.c source file for additional information.
*/
struct IndexSample {
  void *p;          /* Pointer to sampled record */
................................................................................
#define WHERE_FORCE_TABLE      0x0020 /* Do not use an index-only search */
#define WHERE_ONETABLE_ONLY    0x0040 /* Only code the 1st table in pTabList */
#define WHERE_AND_ONLY         0x0080 /* Don't use indices for OR terms */
#define WHERE_GROUPBY          0x0100 /* pOrderBy is really a GROUP BY */
#define WHERE_DISTINCTBY       0x0200 /* pOrderby is really a DISTINCT clause */
#define WHERE_WANT_DISTINCT    0x0400 /* All output needs to be distinct */
#define WHERE_SORTBYGROUP      0x0800 /* Support sqlite3WhereIsSorted() */


/* Allowed return values from sqlite3WhereIsDistinct()
*/
#define WHERE_DISTINCT_NOOP      0  /* DISTINCT keyword not used */
#define WHERE_DISTINCT_UNIQUE    1  /* No duplicates */
#define WHERE_DISTINCT_ORDERED   2  /* All duplicates are adjacent */
#define WHERE_DISTINCT_UNORDERED 3  /* Duplicates are scattered */
................................................................................
  u32 aColmask[2];        /* Masks of old.*, new.* columns accessed */
};

/*
** The yDbMask datatype for the bitmask of all attached databases.
*/
#if SQLITE_MAX_ATTACHED>30
  typedef sqlite3_uint64 yDbMask;





#else
  typedef unsigned int yDbMask;





#endif

/*
** An SQL parser context.  A copy of this structure is passed through
** the parser and down into all the parser action routine in order to
** carry around information that is global to the entire parse.
**
................................................................................

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE)
SQLITE_PRIVATE   int sqlite3ViewGetColumnNames(Parse*,Table*);
#else
# define sqlite3ViewGetColumnNames(A,B) 0
#endif




SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DropTable(Parse*, SrcList*, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3CodeDropTable(Parse*, Table*, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DeleteTable(sqlite3*, Table*);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINCREMENT
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3AutoincrementBegin(Parse *pParse);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3AutoincrementEnd(Parse *pParse);
#else
................................................................................

SQLITE_PRIVATE const char *sqlite3IndexAffinityStr(Vdbe *, Index *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3TableAffinity(Vdbe*, Table*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE char sqlite3CompareAffinity(Expr *pExpr, char aff2);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3IndexAffinityOk(Expr *pExpr, char idx_affinity);
SQLITE_PRIVATE char sqlite3ExprAffinity(Expr *pExpr);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Atoi64(const char*, i64*, int, u8);

SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Error(sqlite3*, int, const char*,...);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3HexToBlob(sqlite3*, const char *z, int n);
SQLITE_PRIVATE u8 sqlite3HexToInt(int h);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3TwoPartName(Parse *, Token *, Token *, Token **);

#if defined(SQLITE_TEST) 
SQLITE_PRIVATE const char *sqlite3ErrName(int);
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3MulInt64(i64*,i64);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3AbsInt32(int);
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_8_3_NAMES
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3FileSuffix3(const char*, char*);
#else
# define sqlite3FileSuffix3(X,Y)
#endif
SQLITE_PRIVATE u8 sqlite3GetBoolean(const char *z,int);

SQLITE_PRIVATE const void *sqlite3ValueText(sqlite3_value*, u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ValueBytes(sqlite3_value*, u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ValueSetStr(sqlite3_value*, int, const void *,u8, 
                        void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ValueSetNull(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ValueFree(sqlite3_value*);
................................................................................

SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BackupRestart(sqlite3_backup *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BackupUpdate(sqlite3_backup *, Pgno, const u8 *);

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AnalyzeFunctions(void);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Stat4ProbeSetValue(Parse*,Index*,UnpackedRecord**,Expr*,u8,int,int*);

SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Stat4ProbeFree(UnpackedRecord*);

#endif

/*
** The interface to the LEMON-generated parser
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3ParserAlloc(void*(*)(size_t));
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ParserFree(void*, void(*)(void*));
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3BeginBenignMalloc(void);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3EndBenignMalloc(void);
#else
  #define sqlite3BeginBenignMalloc()
  #define sqlite3EndBenignMalloc()
#endif




#define IN_INDEX_ROWID           1
#define IN_INDEX_EPH             2
#define IN_INDEX_INDEX_ASC       3
#define IN_INDEX_INDEX_DESC      4







SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3FindInIndex(Parse *, Expr *, int*);

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_ATOMIC_WRITE
SQLITE_PRIVATE   int sqlite3JournalOpen(sqlite3_vfs *, const char *, sqlite3_file *, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   int sqlite3JournalSize(sqlite3_vfs *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   int sqlite3JournalCreate(sqlite3_file *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   int sqlite3JournalExists(sqlite3_file *p);
#else
................................................................................
  BtCursor *pCursor;    /* The cursor structure of the backend */
  Btree *pBt;           /* Separate file holding temporary table */
  KeyInfo *pKeyInfo;    /* Info about index keys needed by index cursors */
  int seekResult;       /* Result of previous sqlite3BtreeMoveto() */
  int pseudoTableReg;   /* Register holding pseudotable content. */
  i16 nField;           /* Number of fields in the header */
  u16 nHdrParsed;       /* Number of header fields parsed so far */



  i8 iDb;               /* Index of cursor database in db->aDb[] (or -1) */
  u8 nullRow;           /* True if pointing to a row with no data */
  u8 rowidIsValid;      /* True if lastRowid is valid */
  u8 deferredMoveto;    /* A call to sqlite3BtreeMoveto() is needed */
  Bool isEphemeral:1;   /* True for an ephemeral table */
  Bool useRandomRowid:1;/* Generate new record numbers semi-randomly */
  Bool isTable:1;       /* True if a table requiring integer keys */
  Bool isOrdered:1;     /* True if the underlying table is BTREE_UNORDERED */

  sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pVtabCursor;  /* The cursor for a virtual table */
  i64 seqCount;         /* Sequence counter */
  i64 movetoTarget;     /* Argument to the deferred sqlite3BtreeMoveto() */
  i64 lastRowid;        /* Rowid being deleted by OP_Delete */
  VdbeSorter *pSorter;  /* Sorter object for OP_SorterOpen cursors */

  /* Cached information about the header for the data record that the
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3VdbeSerialPut(unsigned char*, Mem*, u32);
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3VdbeSerialGet(const unsigned char*, u32, Mem*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeDeleteAuxData(Vdbe*, int, int);

int sqlite2BtreeKeyCompare(BtCursor *, const void *, int, int, int *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeIdxKeyCompare(VdbeCursor*,UnpackedRecord*,int*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeIdxRowid(sqlite3*, BtCursor *, i64 *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3MemCompare(const Mem*, const Mem*, const CollSeq*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeExec(Vdbe*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeList(Vdbe*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeHalt(Vdbe*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeChangeEncoding(Mem *, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemTooBig(Mem*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemCopy(Mem*, const Mem*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeMemShallowCopy(Mem*, const Mem*, int);
................................................................................
}

/*
** Retrieve a pointer to a static mutex or allocate a new dynamic one.
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3_mutex *sqlite3_mutex_alloc(int id){
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINIT
  if( sqlite3_initialize() ) return 0;
#endif
  return sqlite3GlobalConfig.mutex.xMutexAlloc(id);
}

SQLITE_PRIVATE sqlite3_mutex *sqlite3MutexAlloc(int id){
  if( !sqlite3GlobalConfig.bCoreMutex ){
    return 0;
................................................................................

/*
** The sqlite3_mutex_alloc() routine allocates a new
** mutex and returns a pointer to it.  If it returns NULL
** that means that a mutex could not be allocated. 
*/
static sqlite3_mutex *debugMutexAlloc(int id){
  static sqlite3_debug_mutex aStatic[6];
  sqlite3_debug_mutex *pNew = 0;
  switch( id ){
    case SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST:
    case SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE: {
      pNew = sqlite3Malloc(sizeof(*pNew));
      if( pNew ){
        pNew->id = id;
................................................................................
** to sqlite3_mutex_alloc() is one of these integer constants:
**
** <ul>
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM2
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PRNG
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_LRU
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PMEM



** </ul>
**
** The first two constants cause sqlite3_mutex_alloc() to create
** a new mutex.  The new mutex is recursive when SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE
** is used but not necessarily so when SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST is used.
** The mutex implementation does not need to make a distinction
** between SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE and SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST if it does
................................................................................
** or SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE) is used then sqlite3_mutex_alloc()
** returns a different mutex on every call.  But for the static 
** mutex types, the same mutex is returned on every call that has
** the same type number.
*/
static sqlite3_mutex *pthreadMutexAlloc(int iType){
  static sqlite3_mutex staticMutexes[] = {



    SQLITE3_MUTEX_INITIALIZER,
    SQLITE3_MUTEX_INITIALIZER,
    SQLITE3_MUTEX_INITIALIZER,
    SQLITE3_MUTEX_INITIALIZER,
    SQLITE3_MUTEX_INITIALIZER,
    SQLITE3_MUTEX_INITIALIZER
  };
................................................................................
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains the C functions that implement mutexes for win32
*/

#if SQLITE_OS_WIN





















































































































































































































/*
** Include the header file for the Windows VFS.
*/
/************** Include os_win.h in the middle of mutex_w32.c ****************/
/************** Begin file os_win.h ******************************************/
/*
** 2013 November 25
................................................................................

/************** End of os_win.h **********************************************/
/************** Continuing where we left off in mutex_w32.c ******************/
#endif

/*
** The code in this file is only used if we are compiling multithreaded
** on a win32 system.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_MUTEX_W32

/*
** Each recursive mutex is an instance of the following structure.
*/
struct sqlite3_mutex {
  CRITICAL_SECTION mutex;    /* Mutex controlling the lock */
  int id;                    /* Mutex type */
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  volatile int nRef;         /* Number of enterances */
  volatile DWORD owner;      /* Thread holding this mutex */
  int trace;                 /* True to trace changes */
#endif
};






#define SQLITE_W32_MUTEX_INITIALIZER { 0 }

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
#define SQLITE3_MUTEX_INITIALIZER { SQLITE_W32_MUTEX_INITIALIZER, 0, 0L, (DWORD)0, 0 }

#else
#define SQLITE3_MUTEX_INITIALIZER { SQLITE_W32_MUTEX_INITIALIZER, 0 }
#endif

/*
** Return true (non-zero) if we are running under WinNT, Win2K, WinXP,
** or WinCE.  Return false (zero) for Win95, Win98, or WinME.
**
** Here is an interesting observation:  Win95, Win98, and WinME lack
** the LockFileEx() API.  But we can still statically link against that
** API as long as we don't call it win running Win95/98/ME.  A call to
** this routine is used to determine if the host is Win95/98/ME or
** WinNT/2K/XP so that we will know whether or not we can safely call
** the LockFileEx() API.
**
** mutexIsNT() is only used for the TryEnterCriticalSection() API call,
** which is only available if your application was compiled with 
** _WIN32_WINNT defined to a value >= 0x0400.  Currently, the only
** call to TryEnterCriticalSection() is #ifdef'ed out, so #ifdef 
** this out as well.
*/
#if 0
#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE || SQLITE_OS_WINRT
# define mutexIsNT()  (1)
#else
  static int mutexIsNT(void){
    static int osType = 0;
    if( osType==0 ){
      OSVERSIONINFO sInfo;
      sInfo.dwOSVersionInfoSize = sizeof(sInfo);
      GetVersionEx(&sInfo);
      osType = sInfo.dwPlatformId==VER_PLATFORM_WIN32_NT ? 2 : 1;
    }
    return osType==2;
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_OS_WINCE || SQLITE_OS_WINRT */
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
/*
** The sqlite3_mutex_held() and sqlite3_mutex_notheld() routine are
** intended for use only inside assert() statements.
*/
static int winMutexHeld(sqlite3_mutex *p){
  return p->nRef!=0 && p->owner==GetCurrentThreadId();
}

static int winMutexNotheld2(sqlite3_mutex *p, DWORD tid){
  return p->nRef==0 || p->owner!=tid;
}

static int winMutexNotheld(sqlite3_mutex *p){
  DWORD tid = GetCurrentThreadId(); 
  return winMutexNotheld2(p, tid);
}
#endif


/*
** Initialize and deinitialize the mutex subsystem.
*/
static sqlite3_mutex winMutex_staticMutexes[6] = {



  SQLITE3_MUTEX_INITIALIZER,
  SQLITE3_MUTEX_INITIALIZER,
  SQLITE3_MUTEX_INITIALIZER,
  SQLITE3_MUTEX_INITIALIZER,
  SQLITE3_MUTEX_INITIALIZER,
  SQLITE3_MUTEX_INITIALIZER
};

static int winMutex_isInit = 0;


/* As winMutexInit() and winMutexEnd() are called as part
** of the sqlite3_initialize and sqlite3_shutdown()
** processing, the "interlocked" magic is probably not
** strictly necessary.

*/
static LONG winMutex_lock = 0;


SQLITE_API void sqlite3_win32_sleep(DWORD milliseconds); /* os_win.c */

static int winMutexInit(void){ 
  /* The first to increment to 1 does actual initialization */
  if( InterlockedCompareExchange(&winMutex_lock, 1, 0)==0 ){
    int i;
    for(i=0; i<ArraySize(winMutex_staticMutexes); i++){
#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
      InitializeCriticalSectionEx(&winMutex_staticMutexes[i].mutex, 0, 0);
#else
      InitializeCriticalSection(&winMutex_staticMutexes[i].mutex);
#endif
    }
    winMutex_isInit = 1;
  }else{
    /* Someone else is in the process of initing the static mutexes */

    while( !winMutex_isInit ){
      sqlite3_win32_sleep(1);
    }
  }
  return SQLITE_OK; 
}

static int winMutexEnd(void){ 
  /* The first to decrement to 0 does actual shutdown 
  ** (which should be the last to shutdown.) */
  if( InterlockedCompareExchange(&winMutex_lock, 0, 1)==1 ){
    if( winMutex_isInit==1 ){
      int i;
      for(i=0; i<ArraySize(winMutex_staticMutexes); i++){
        DeleteCriticalSection(&winMutex_staticMutexes[i].mutex);
      }
      winMutex_isInit = 0;
    }
  }
  return SQLITE_OK; 
}

/*
** The sqlite3_mutex_alloc() routine allocates a new
** mutex and returns a pointer to it.  If it returns NULL
** that means that a mutex could not be allocated.  SQLite
** will unwind its stack and return an error.  The argument
................................................................................
** to sqlite3_mutex_alloc() is one of these integer constants:
**
** <ul>
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM2
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PRNG
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_LRU
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PMEM



** </ul>
**
** The first two constants cause sqlite3_mutex_alloc() to create
** a new mutex.  The new mutex is recursive when SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE
** is used but not necessarily so when SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST is used.
** The mutex implementation does not need to make a distinction
** between SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE and SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST if it does
................................................................................
** may add additional static mutexes.  Static mutexes are for internal
** use by SQLite only.  Applications that use SQLite mutexes should
** use only the dynamic mutexes returned by SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST or
** SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE.
**
** Note that if one of the dynamic mutex parameters (SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST
** or SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE) is used then sqlite3_mutex_alloc()
** returns a different mutex on every call.  But for the static 
** mutex types, the same mutex is returned on every call that has
** the same type number.
*/
static sqlite3_mutex *winMutexAlloc(int iType){
  sqlite3_mutex *p;

  switch( iType ){
    case SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST:
    case SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE: {
      p = sqlite3MallocZero( sizeof(*p) );
      if( p ){  
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
        p->id = iType;



#endif
#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
        InitializeCriticalSectionEx(&p->mutex, 0, 0);
#else
        InitializeCriticalSection(&p->mutex);
#endif
      }
      break;
    }
    default: {
      assert( winMutex_isInit==1 );
      assert( iType-2 >= 0 );
      assert( iType-2 < ArraySize(winMutex_staticMutexes) );

      p = &winMutex_staticMutexes[iType-2];
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
      p->id = iType;



#endif
      break;
    }
  }
  return p;
}

................................................................................
/*
** This routine deallocates a previously
** allocated mutex.  SQLite is careful to deallocate every
** mutex that it allocates.
*/
static void winMutexFree(sqlite3_mutex *p){
  assert( p );

  assert( p->nRef==0 && p->owner==0 );
  assert( p->id==SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST || p->id==SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE );


  DeleteCriticalSection(&p->mutex);
  sqlite3_free(p);
}

/*
** The sqlite3_mutex_enter() and sqlite3_mutex_try() routines attempt
** to enter a mutex.  If another thread is already within the mutex,
................................................................................
** upon successful entry.  Mutexes created using SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE can
** be entered multiple times by the same thread.  In such cases the,
** mutex must be exited an equal number of times before another thread
** can enter.  If the same thread tries to enter any other kind of mutex
** more than once, the behavior is undefined.
*/
static void winMutexEnter(sqlite3_mutex *p){
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  DWORD tid = GetCurrentThreadId(); 



  assert( p->id==SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE || winMutexNotheld2(p, tid) );


#endif

  EnterCriticalSection(&p->mutex);
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  assert( p->nRef>0 || p->owner==0 );
  p->owner = tid; 
  p->nRef++;
  if( p->trace ){

    printf("enter mutex %p (%d) with nRef=%d\n", p, p->trace, p->nRef);
  }
#endif
}

static int winMutexTry(sqlite3_mutex *p){
#ifndef NDEBUG

  DWORD tid = GetCurrentThreadId(); 
#endif
  int rc = SQLITE_BUSY;

  assert( p->id==SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE || winMutexNotheld2(p, tid) );
  /*
  ** The sqlite3_mutex_try() routine is very rarely used, and when it
  ** is used it is merely an optimization.  So it is OK for it to always
  ** fail.  
  **
  ** The TryEnterCriticalSection() interface is only available on WinNT.
  ** And some windows compilers complain if you try to use it without
  ** first doing some #defines that prevent SQLite from building on Win98.
  ** For that reason, we will omit this optimization for now.  See
  ** ticket #2685.
  */
#if 0






  if( mutexIsNT() && TryEnterCriticalSection(&p->mutex) ){

    p->owner = tid;
    p->nRef++;

    rc = SQLITE_OK;
  }
#else
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(p);
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && p->trace ){
    printf("try mutex %p (%d) with nRef=%d\n", p, p->trace, p->nRef);

  }
#endif
  return rc;
}

/*
** The sqlite3_mutex_leave() routine exits a mutex that was
** previously entered by the same thread.  The behavior
** is undefined if the mutex is not currently entered or
** is not currently allocated.  SQLite will never do either.
*/
static void winMutexLeave(sqlite3_mutex *p){
#ifndef NDEBUG
  DWORD tid = GetCurrentThreadId();



  assert( p->nRef>0 );
  assert( p->owner==tid );
  p->nRef--;
  if( p->nRef==0 ) p->owner = 0;
  assert( p->nRef==0 || p->id==SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE );
#endif

  LeaveCriticalSection(&p->mutex);
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  if( p->trace ){

    printf("leave mutex %p (%d) with nRef=%d\n", p, p->trace, p->nRef);
  }
#endif
}

SQLITE_PRIVATE sqlite3_mutex_methods const *sqlite3DefaultMutex(void){
  static const sqlite3_mutex_methods sMutex = {
    winMutexInit,
................................................................................
    winMutexHeld,
    winMutexNotheld
#else
    0,
    0
#endif
  };

  return &sMutex;
}

#endif /* SQLITE_MUTEX_W32 */

/************** End of mutex_w32.c *******************************************/
/************** Begin file malloc.c ******************************************/
/*
** 2001 September 15
**
................................................................................
**     0xd800 and 0xe000 then it is rendered as 0xfffd.
**
**  *  Bytes in the range of 0x80 through 0xbf which occur as the first
**     byte of a character are interpreted as single-byte characters
**     and rendered as themselves even though they are technically
**     invalid characters.
**
**  *  This routine accepts an infinite number of different UTF8 encodings
**     for unicode values 0x80 and greater.  It do not change over-length
**     encodings to 0xfffd as some systems recommend.
*/
#define READ_UTF8(zIn, zTerm, c)                           \
  c = *(zIn++);                                            \
  if( c>=0xc0 ){                                           \
    c = sqlite3Utf8Trans1[c-0xc0];                         \
    while( zIn!=zTerm && (*zIn & 0xc0)==0x80 ){            \
................................................................................
    testcase( c==(-1) );
    testcase( c==0 );
    testcase( c==(+1) );
  }
  return c;
}


/*
** Convert zNum to a 64-bit signed integer.

**
** If the zNum value is representable as a 64-bit twos-complement 
** integer, then write that value into *pNum and return 0.
**
** If zNum is exactly 9223372036854775808, return 2.  This special
** case is broken out because while 9223372036854775808 cannot be a 
** signed 64-bit integer, its negative -9223372036854775808 can be.
................................................................................
      /* zNum is exactly 9223372036854775808.  Fits if negative.  The
      ** special case 2 overflow if positive */
      assert( u-1==LARGEST_INT64 );
      return neg ? 0 : 2;
    }
  }
}

/*
































** If zNum represents an integer that will fit in 32-bits, then set
** *pValue to that integer and return true.  Otherwise return false.


**
** Any non-numeric characters that following zNum are ignored.
** This is different from sqlite3Atoi64() which requires the
** input number to be zero-terminated.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3GetInt32(const char *zNum, int *pValue){
  sqlite_int64 v = 0;
................................................................................
  int neg = 0;
  if( zNum[0]=='-' ){
    neg = 1;
    zNum++;
  }else if( zNum[0]=='+' ){
    zNum++;
  }







  while( zNum[0]=='0' ) zNum++;











  for(i=0; i<11 && (c = zNum[i] - '0')>=0 && c<=9; i++){
    v = v*10 + c;
  }

  /* The longest decimal representation of a 32 bit integer is 10 digits:
  **
  **             1234567890
................................................................................
     /*  45 */ "IfNot"            OpHelp(""),
     /*  46 */ "Column"           OpHelp("r[P3]=PX"),
     /*  47 */ "Affinity"         OpHelp("affinity(r[P1@P2])"),
     /*  48 */ "MakeRecord"       OpHelp("r[P3]=mkrec(r[P1@P2])"),
     /*  49 */ "Count"            OpHelp("r[P2]=count()"),
     /*  50 */ "ReadCookie"       OpHelp(""),
     /*  51 */ "SetCookie"        OpHelp(""),

     /*  52 */ "OpenRead"         OpHelp("root=P2 iDb=P3"),
     /*  53 */ "OpenWrite"        OpHelp("root=P2 iDb=P3"),
     /*  54 */ "OpenAutoindex"    OpHelp("nColumn=P2"),
     /*  55 */ "OpenEphemeral"    OpHelp("nColumn=P2"),
     /*  56 */ "SorterOpen"       OpHelp(""),
     /*  57 */ "OpenPseudo"       OpHelp("P3 columns in r[P2]"),
     /*  58 */ "Close"            OpHelp(""),
     /*  59 */ "SeekLT"           OpHelp(""),
     /*  60 */ "SeekLE"           OpHelp(""),
     /*  61 */ "SeekGE"           OpHelp(""),
     /*  62 */ "SeekGT"           OpHelp(""),
     /*  63 */ "Seek"             OpHelp("intkey=r[P2]"),
     /*  64 */ "NoConflict"       OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /*  65 */ "NotFound"         OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /*  66 */ "Found"            OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /*  67 */ "NotExists"        OpHelp("intkey=r[P3]"),
     /*  68 */ "Sequence"         OpHelp("r[P2]=cursor[P1].ctr++"),
     /*  69 */ "NewRowid"         OpHelp("r[P2]=rowid"),
     /*  70 */ "Insert"           OpHelp("intkey=r[P3] data=r[P2]"),
     /*  71 */ "Or"               OpHelp("r[P3]=(r[P1] || r[P2])"),
     /*  72 */ "And"              OpHelp("r[P3]=(r[P1] && r[P2])"),

     /*  73 */ "InsertInt"        OpHelp("intkey=P3 data=r[P2]"),
     /*  74 */ "Delete"           OpHelp(""),
     /*  75 */ "ResetCount"       OpHelp(""),
     /*  76 */ "IsNull"           OpHelp("if r[P1]==NULL goto P2"),
     /*  77 */ "NotNull"          OpHelp("if r[P1]!=NULL goto P2"),
     /*  78 */ "Ne"               OpHelp("if r[P1]!=r[P3] goto P2"),
     /*  79 */ "Eq"               OpHelp("if r[P1]==r[P3] goto P2"),
     /*  80 */ "Gt"               OpHelp("if r[P1]>r[P3] goto P2"),
     /*  81 */ "Le"               OpHelp("if r[P1]<=r[P3] goto P2"),
     /*  82 */ "Lt"               OpHelp("if r[P1]<r[P3] goto P2"),
     /*  83 */ "Ge"               OpHelp("if r[P1]>=r[P3] goto P2"),
     /*  84 */ "SorterCompare"    OpHelp("if key(P1)!=rtrim(r[P3],P4) goto P2"),
     /*  85 */ "BitAnd"           OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P1]&r[P2]"),
     /*  86 */ "BitOr"            OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P1]|r[P2]"),
     /*  87 */ "ShiftLeft"        OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P2]<<r[P1]"),
     /*  88 */ "ShiftRight"       OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P2]>>r[P1]"),
     /*  89 */ "Add"              OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P1]+r[P2]"),
     /*  90 */ "Subtract"         OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P2]-r[P1]"),
     /*  91 */ "Multiply"         OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P1]*r[P2]"),
     /*  92 */ "Divide"           OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P2]/r[P1]"),
     /*  93 */ "Remainder"        OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P2]%r[P1]"),
     /*  94 */ "Concat"           OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P2]+r[P1]"),
     /*  95 */ "SorterData"       OpHelp("r[P2]=data"),
     /*  96 */ "BitNot"           OpHelp("r[P1]= ~r[P1]"),
     /*  97 */ "String8"          OpHelp("r[P2]='P4'"),

     /*  98 */ "RowKey"           OpHelp("r[P2]=key"),
     /*  99 */ "RowData"          OpHelp("r[P2]=data"),
     /* 100 */ "Rowid"            OpHelp("r[P2]=rowid"),
     /* 101 */ "NullRow"          OpHelp(""),
     /* 102 */ "Last"             OpHelp(""),
     /* 103 */ "SorterSort"       OpHelp(""),
     /* 104 */ "Sort"             OpHelp(""),
     /* 105 */ "Rewind"           OpHelp(""),
     /* 106 */ "SorterInsert"     OpHelp(""),
     /* 107 */ "IdxInsert"        OpHelp("key=r[P2]"),
     /* 108 */ "IdxDelete"        OpHelp("key=r[P2@P3]"),
     /* 109 */ "IdxRowid"         OpHelp("r[P2]=rowid"),
     /* 110 */ "IdxLE"            OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /* 111 */ "IdxGT"            OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /* 112 */ "IdxLT"            OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /* 113 */ "IdxGE"            OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /* 114 */ "Destroy"          OpHelp(""),
     /* 115 */ "Clear"            OpHelp(""),
     /* 116 */ "ResetSorter"      OpHelp(""),
     /* 117 */ "CreateIndex"      OpHelp("r[P2]=root iDb=P1"),
     /* 118 */ "CreateTable"      OpHelp("r[P2]=root iDb=P1"),
     /* 119 */ "ParseSchema"      OpHelp(""),
     /* 120 */ "LoadAnalysis"     OpHelp(""),
     /* 121 */ "DropTable"        OpHelp(""),
     /* 122 */ "DropIndex"        OpHelp(""),
     /* 123 */ "DropTrigger"      OpHelp(""),
     /* 124 */ "IntegrityCk"      OpHelp(""),
     /* 125 */ "RowSetAdd"        OpHelp("rowset(P1)=r[P2]"),
     /* 126 */ "RowSetRead"       OpHelp("r[P3]=rowset(P1)"),
     /* 127 */ "RowSetTest"       OpHelp("if r[P3] in rowset(P1) goto P2"),
     /* 128 */ "Program"          OpHelp(""),
     /* 129 */ "Param"            OpHelp(""),
     /* 130 */ "FkCounter"        OpHelp("fkctr[P1]+=P2"),
     /* 131 */ "FkIfZero"         OpHelp("if fkctr[P1]==0 goto P2"),
     /* 132 */ "MemMax"           OpHelp("r[P1]=max(r[P1],r[P2])"),
     /* 133 */ "Real"             OpHelp("r[P2]=P4"),

     /* 134 */ "IfPos"            OpHelp("if r[P1]>0 goto P2"),
     /* 135 */ "IfNeg"            OpHelp("if r[P1]<0 goto P2"),
     /* 136 */ "IfZero"           OpHelp("r[P1]+=P3, if r[P1]==0 goto P2"),
     /* 137 */ "AggFinal"         OpHelp("accum=r[P1] N=P2"),
     /* 138 */ "IncrVacuum"       OpHelp(""),
     /* 139 */ "Expire"           OpHelp(""),
     /* 140 */ "TableLock"        OpHelp("iDb=P1 root=P2 write=P3"),
     /* 141 */ "VBegin"           OpHelp(""),
     /* 142 */ "VCreate"          OpHelp(""),
     /* 143 */ "ToText"           OpHelp(""),
     /* 144 */ "ToBlob"           OpHelp(""),
     /* 145 */ "ToNumeric"        OpHelp(""),
     /* 146 */ "ToInt"            OpHelp(""),
     /* 147 */ "ToReal"           OpHelp(""),

     /* 148 */ "VDestroy"         OpHelp(""),
     /* 149 */ "VOpen"            OpHelp(""),
     /* 150 */ "VColumn"          OpHelp("r[P3]=vcolumn(P2)"),
     /* 151 */ "VNext"            OpHelp(""),
     /* 152 */ "VRename"          OpHelp(""),
     /* 153 */ "Pagecount"        OpHelp(""),
     /* 154 */ "MaxPgcnt"         OpHelp(""),
     /* 155 */ "Init"             OpHelp("Start at P2"),
     /* 156 */ "Noop"             OpHelp(""),
     /* 157 */ "Explain"          OpHelp(""),
  };
  return azName[i];
}
#endif

/************** End of opcodes.c *********************************************/
/************** Begin file os_unix.c *****************************************/
................................................................................
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <unistd.h>
/* #include <time.h> */
#include <sys/time.h>
#include <errno.h>
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL) || SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
#include <sys/mman.h>
#endif


#if SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE
# include <sys/ioctl.h>
# if OS_VXWORKS
#  include <semaphore.h>
#  include <limits.h>
# else
#  include <sys/file.h>
#  include <sys/param.h>
................................................................................

/*
** On some systems, calls to fchown() will trigger a message in a security
** log if they come from non-root processes.  So avoid calling fchown() if
** we are not running as root.
*/
static int posixFchown(int fd, uid_t uid, gid_t gid){



  return geteuid() ? 0 : fchown(fd,uid,gid);

}

/* Forward reference */
static int openDirectory(const char*, int*);
static int unixGetpagesize(void);

/*
................................................................................

  { "fcntl",        (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)fcntl,      0  },
#define osFcntl     ((int(*)(int,int,...))aSyscall[7].pCurrent)

  { "read",         (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)read,       0  },
#define osRead      ((ssize_t(*)(int,void*,size_t))aSyscall[8].pCurrent)

#if defined(USE_PREAD) || SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE
  { "pread",        (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)pread,      0  },
#else
  { "pread",        (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)0,          0  },
#endif
#define osPread     ((ssize_t(*)(int,void*,size_t,off_t))aSyscall[9].pCurrent)

#if defined(USE_PREAD64)
................................................................................
  { "pread64",      (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)0,          0  },
#endif
#define osPread64   ((ssize_t(*)(int,void*,size_t,off_t))aSyscall[10].pCurrent)

  { "write",        (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)write,      0  },
#define osWrite     ((ssize_t(*)(int,const void*,size_t))aSyscall[11].pCurrent)

#if defined(USE_PREAD) || SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE
  { "pwrite",       (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)pwrite,     0  },
#else
  { "pwrite",       (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)0,          0  },
#endif
#define osPwrite    ((ssize_t(*)(int,const void*,size_t,off_t))\
                    aSyscall[12].pCurrent)

................................................................................

#if HAVE_MREMAP
  { "mremap",       (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)mremap,          0 },
#else
  { "mremap",       (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)0,               0 },
#endif
#define osMremap ((void*(*)(void*,size_t,size_t,int,...))aSyscall[23].pCurrent)
#endif

  { "getpagesize",  (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)unixGetpagesize, 0 },
#define osGetpagesize ((int(*)(void))aSyscall[24].pCurrent)



}; /* End of the overrideable system calls */

/*
** This is the xSetSystemCall() method of sqlite3_vfs for all of the
** "unix" VFSes.  Return SQLITE_OK opon successfully updating the
** system call pointer, or SQLITE_NOTFOUND if there is no configurable
................................................................................
        (sqliteIOErr == SQLITE_IOERR_CHECKRESERVEDLOCK) ){
      return SQLITE_BUSY;
    }
    /* else fall through */
  case EPERM: 
    return SQLITE_PERM;
    
  /* EDEADLK is only possible if a call to fcntl(F_SETLKW) is made. And
  ** this module never makes such a call. And the code in SQLite itself 
  ** asserts that SQLITE_IOERR_BLOCKED is never returned. For these reasons
  ** this case is also commented out. If the system does set errno to EDEADLK,
  ** the default SQLITE_IOERR_XXX code will be returned. */
#if 0
  case EDEADLK:
    return SQLITE_IOERR_BLOCKED;
#endif
    
#if EOPNOTSUPP!=ENOTSUP
  case EOPNOTSUPP: 
    /* something went terribly awry, unless during file system support 
     * introspection, in which it actually means what it says */
#endif
#ifdef ENOTSUP
  case ENOTSUP: 
................................................................................
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Return TRUE if pFile has been renamed or unlinked since it was first opened.
*/
static int fileHasMoved(unixFile *pFile){



  struct stat buf;
  return pFile->pInode!=0 &&
         (osStat(pFile->zPath, &buf)!=0 || buf.st_ino!=pFile->pInode->fileId.ino);

}


/*
** Check a unixFile that is a database.  Verify the following:
**
** (1) There is exactly one hard link on the file
................................................................................
  if( pFile->pId ){
    if( pFile->ctrlFlags & UNIXFILE_DELETE ){
      osUnlink(pFile->pId->zCanonicalName);
    }
    vxworksReleaseFileId(pFile->pId);
    pFile->pId = 0;
  }







#endif
  OSTRACE(("CLOSE   %-3d\n", pFile->h));
  OpenCounter(-1);
  sqlite3_free(pFile->pUnused);
  memset(pFile, 0, sizeof(unixFile));
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
................................................................................
  if( pFile->eFileLock>SHARED_LOCK ){
    reserved = 1;
  }
  
  /* Otherwise see if some other process holds it. */
  if( !reserved ){
    sem_t *pSem = pFile->pInode->pSem;
    struct stat statBuf;

    if( sem_trywait(pSem)==-1 ){
      int tErrno = errno;
      if( EAGAIN != tErrno ){
        rc = sqliteErrorFromPosixError(tErrno, SQLITE_IOERR_CHECKRESERVEDLOCK);
        pFile->lastErrno = tErrno;
      } else {
................................................................................
** access the file.
**
** This routine will only increase a lock.  Use the sqlite3OsUnlock()
** routine to lower a locking level.
*/
static int semLock(sqlite3_file *id, int eFileLock) {
  unixFile *pFile = (unixFile*)id;
  int fd;
  sem_t *pSem = pFile->pInode->pSem;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  /* if we already have a lock, it is exclusive.  
  ** Just adjust level and punt on outta here. */
  if (pFile->eFileLock > NO_LOCK) {
    pFile->eFileLock = eFileLock;
................................................................................
#endif
  if( p->ctrlFlags & UNIXFILE_PSOW ){
    rc |= SQLITE_IOCAP_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE;
  }
  return rc;
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL



















/*
** Object used to represent an shared memory buffer.  
**
** When multiple threads all reference the same wal-index, each thread
** has its own unixShm object, but they all point to a single instance
** of this unixShmNode object.  In other words, each wal-index is opened
................................................................................
           pShmNode->sharedMask, pShmNode->exclMask));
  }
#endif

  return rc;        
}

/*
** Return the system page size.
**
** This function should not be called directly by other code in this file. 
** Instead, it should be called via macro osGetpagesize().
*/
static int unixGetpagesize(void){
#if defined(_BSD_SOURCE)
  return getpagesize();
#else
  return (int)sysconf(_SC_PAGESIZE);
#endif
}

/*
** Return the minimum number of 32KB shm regions that should be mapped at
** a time, assuming that each mapping must be an integer multiple of the
** current system page-size.
**
** Usually, this is 1. The exception seems to be systems that are configured
** to use 64KB pages - in this case each mapping must cover at least two
................................................................................
    p->pUnused->fd = fd;
    p->pUnused->flags = flags;
  }

  if( isDelete ){
#if OS_VXWORKS
    zPath = zName;






#else
    osUnlink(zName);
#endif
  }
#if SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE
  else{
    p->openFlags = openFlags;
................................................................................
  const char *zPath,        /* Name of file to be deleted */
  int dirSync               /* If true, fsync() directory after deleting file */
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(NotUsed);
  SimulateIOError(return SQLITE_IOERR_DELETE);
  if( osUnlink(zPath)==(-1) ){
    if( errno==ENOENT ){




      rc = SQLITE_IOERR_DELETE_NOENT;
    }else{
      rc = unixLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_DELETE, "unlink", zPath);
    }
    return rc;
  }
#ifndef SQLITE_DISABLE_DIRSYNC
................................................................................
#endif

#ifndef NTDDI_WINBLUE
#  define NTDDI_WINBLUE                     0x06030000
#endif

/*
** Check if the GetVersionEx[AW] functions should be considered deprecated
** and avoid using them in that case.  It should be noted here that if the
** value of the SQLITE_WIN32_GETVERSIONEX pre-processor macro is zero
** (whether via this block or via being manually specified), that implies
** the underlying operating system will always be based on the Windows NT
** Kernel.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_WIN32_GETVERSIONEX
#  if defined(NTDDI_VERSION) && NTDDI_VERSION >= NTDDI_WINBLUE
#    define SQLITE_WIN32_GETVERSIONEX   0
#  else
#    define SQLITE_WIN32_GETVERSIONEX   1
#  endif
#endif

/*
** This constant should already be defined (in the "WinDef.h" SDK file).
*/
#ifndef MAX_PATH
................................................................................
#endif

/*
** This macro is used when a local variable is set to a value that is
** [sometimes] not used by the code (e.g. via conditional compilation).
*/
#ifndef UNUSED_VARIABLE_VALUE
#  define UNUSED_VARIABLE_VALUE(x) (void)(x)
#endif

/*
** Returns the character that should be used as the directory separator.
*/
#ifndef winGetDirSep
#  define winGetDirSep()                '\\'
................................................................................
WINBASEAPI BOOL WINAPI UnmapViewOfFile(LPCVOID);
#endif /* SQLITE_WIN32_FILEMAPPING_API && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL) */

/*
** Some Microsoft compilers lack this definition.
*/
#ifndef INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES
# define INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES ((DWORD)-1) 
#endif

#ifndef FILE_FLAG_MASK
# define FILE_FLAG_MASK          (0xFF3C0000)
#endif

#ifndef FILE_ATTRIBUTE_MASK
................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
  winShm *pShm;           /* Instance of shared memory on this file */
#endif
  const char *zPath;      /* Full pathname of this file */
  int szChunk;            /* Chunk size configured by FCNTL_CHUNK_SIZE */
#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
  LPWSTR zDeleteOnClose;  /* Name of file to delete when closing */
  HANDLE hMutex;          /* Mutex used to control access to shared lock */  
  HANDLE hShared;         /* Shared memory segment used for locking */
  winceLock local;        /* Locks obtained by this instance of winFile */
  winceLock *shared;      /* Global shared lock memory for the file  */
#endif
#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
  int nFetchOut;                /* Number of outstanding xFetch references */
  HANDLE hMap;                  /* Handle for accessing memory mapping */
................................................................................
** 1:   Operating system is Win9x.
** 2:   Operating system is WinNT.
**
** In order to facilitate testing on a WinNT system, the test fixture
** can manually set this value to 1 to emulate Win98 behavior.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_os_type = 0;
#elif !SQLITE_OS_WINCE && !SQLITE_OS_WINRT && \
      defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI) && defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_WIDE)
static int sqlite3_os_type = 0;
#endif

#ifndef SYSCALL
#  define SYSCALL sqlite3_syscall_ptr
#endif

/*
................................................................................
#else
  { "CreateFileMappingFromApp", (SYSCALL)0,                      0 },
#endif

#define osCreateFileMappingFromApp ((HANDLE(WINAPI*)(HANDLE, \
        LPSECURITY_ATTRIBUTES,ULONG,ULONG64,LPCWSTR))aSyscall[75].pCurrent)

















}; /* End of the overrideable system calls */

/*
** This is the xSetSystemCall() method of sqlite3_vfs for all of the
** "win32" VFSes.  Return SQLITE_OK opon successfully updating the
** system call pointer, or SQLITE_NOTFOUND if there is no configurable
** system call named zName.
................................................................................
#if !defined(SQLITE_WIN32_GETVERSIONEX) || !SQLITE_WIN32_GETVERSIONEX
# define osIsNT()  (1)
#elif SQLITE_OS_WINCE || SQLITE_OS_WINRT || !defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI)
# define osIsNT()  (1)
#elif !defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_WIDE)
# define osIsNT()  (0)
#else
  static int osIsNT(void){
    if( sqlite3_os_type==0 ){









#if defined(NTDDI_VERSION) && NTDDI_VERSION >= NTDDI_WIN8
      OSVERSIONINFOW sInfo;
      sInfo.dwOSVersionInfoSize = sizeof(sInfo);
      osGetVersionExW(&sInfo);
#else



      OSVERSIONINFOA sInfo;
      sInfo.dwOSVersionInfoSize = sizeof(sInfo);
      osGetVersionExA(&sInfo);


#endif
      sqlite3_os_type = sInfo.dwPlatformId==VER_PLATFORM_WIN32_NT ? 2 : 1;
    }




    return sqlite3_os_type==2;
  }
#endif


#ifdef SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC
/*
** Allocate nBytes of memory.
*/
static void *winMemMalloc(int nBytes){
  HANDLE hHeap;
................................................................................

SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3MemSetDefault(void){
  sqlite3_config(SQLITE_CONFIG_MALLOC, sqlite3MemGetWin32());
}
#endif /* SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC */

/*
** Convert a UTF-8 string to Microsoft Unicode (UTF-16?). 
**
** Space to hold the returned string is obtained from malloc.
*/
static LPWSTR winUtf8ToUnicode(const char *zFilename){
  int nChar;
  LPWSTR zWideFilename;

................................................................................
  }
  return zFilename;
}

/*
** Convert an ANSI string to Microsoft Unicode, based on the
** current codepage settings for file apis.
** 
** Space to hold the returned string is obtained
** from sqlite3_malloc.
*/
static LPWSTR winMbcsToUnicode(const char *zFilename){
  int nByte;
  LPWSTR zMbcsFilename;
  int codepage = osAreFileApisANSI() ? CP_ACP : CP_OEMCP;
................................................................................
  }
  zFilenameUtf8 = winUnicodeToUtf8(zTmpWide);
  sqlite3_free(zTmpWide);
  return zFilenameUtf8;
}

/*
** Convert UTF-8 to multibyte character string.  Space to hold the 
** returned string is obtained from sqlite3_malloc().
*/
SQLITE_API char *sqlite3_win32_utf8_to_mbcs(const char *zFilename){
  char *zFilenameMbcs;
  LPWSTR zTmpWide;

  zTmpWide = winUtf8ToUnicode(zFilename);
................................................................................
/*
**
** This function - winLogErrorAtLine() - is only ever called via the macro
** winLogError().
**
** This routine is invoked after an error occurs in an OS function.
** It logs a message using sqlite3_log() containing the current value of
** error code and, if possible, the human-readable equivalent from 
** FormatMessage.
**
** The first argument passed to the macro should be the error code that
** will be returned to SQLite (e.g. SQLITE_IOERR_DELETE, SQLITE_CANTOPEN). 
** The two subsequent arguments should be the name of the OS function that
** failed and the associated file-system path, if any.
*/
#define winLogError(a,b,c,d)   winLogErrorAtLine(a,b,c,d,__LINE__)
static int winLogErrorAtLine(
  int errcode,                    /* SQLite error code */
  DWORD lastErrno,                /* Win32 last error */
................................................................................
  );

  return errcode;
}

/*
** The number of times that a ReadFile(), WriteFile(), and DeleteFile()
** will be retried following a locking error - probably caused by 
** antivirus software.  Also the initial delay before the first retry.
** The delay increases linearly with each retry.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_WIN32_IOERR_RETRY
# define SQLITE_WIN32_IOERR_RETRY 10
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_WIN32_IOERR_RETRY_DELAY
................................................................................
}

/*
** Log a I/O error retry episode.
*/
static void winLogIoerr(int nRetry){
  if( nRetry ){
    sqlite3_log(SQLITE_IOERR, 
      "delayed %dms for lock/sharing conflict",
      winIoerrRetryDelay*nRetry*(nRetry+1)/2
    );
  }
}

#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
................................................................................
    sqlite3_free(zName);
    return winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR, pFile->lastErrno,
                       "winceCreateLock1", zFilename);
  }

  /* Acquire the mutex before continuing */
  winceMutexAcquire(pFile->hMutex);
  
  /* Since the names of named mutexes, semaphores, file mappings etc are 
  ** case-sensitive, take advantage of that by uppercasing the mutex name
  ** and using that as the shared filemapping name.
  */
  osCharUpperW(zName);
  pFile->hShared = osCreateFileMappingW(INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE, NULL,
                                        PAGE_READWRITE, 0, sizeof(winceLock),
                                        zName);  

  /* Set a flag that indicates we're the first to create the memory so it 
  ** must be zero-initialized */
  lastErrno = osGetLastError();
  if (lastErrno == ERROR_ALREADY_EXISTS){
    bInit = FALSE;
  }

  sqlite3_free(zName);

  /* If we succeeded in making the shared memory handle, map it. */
  if( pFile->hShared ){
    pFile->shared = (winceLock*)osMapViewOfFile(pFile->hShared, 
             FILE_MAP_READ|FILE_MAP_WRITE, 0, 0, sizeof(winceLock));
    /* If mapping failed, close the shared memory handle and erase it */
    if( !pFile->shared ){
      pFile->lastErrno = osGetLastError();
      winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR, pFile->lastErrno,
                  "winceCreateLock2", zFilename);
      bLogged = TRUE;
................................................................................
      bLogged = TRUE;
    }
    winceMutexRelease(pFile->hMutex);
    osCloseHandle(pFile->hMutex);
    pFile->hMutex = NULL;
    return SQLITE_IOERR;
  }
  
  /* Initialize the shared memory if we're supposed to */
  if( bInit ){
    memset(pFile->shared, 0, sizeof(winceLock));
  }

  winceMutexRelease(pFile->hMutex);
  return SQLITE_OK;
................................................................................
    }

    /* De-reference and close our copy of the shared memory handle */
    osUnmapViewOfFile(pFile->shared);
    osCloseHandle(pFile->hShared);

    /* Done with the mutex */
    winceMutexRelease(pFile->hMutex);    
    osCloseHandle(pFile->hMutex);
    pFile->hMutex = NULL;
  }
}

/* 
** An implementation of the LockFile() API of Windows for CE
*/
static BOOL winceLockFile(
  LPHANDLE phFile,
  DWORD dwFileOffsetLow,
  DWORD dwFileOffsetHigh,
  DWORD nNumberOfBytesToLockLow,
................................................................................
** Some Microsoft compilers lack this definition.
*/
#ifndef INVALID_SET_FILE_POINTER
# define INVALID_SET_FILE_POINTER ((DWORD)-1)
#endif

/*
** Move the current position of the file handle passed as the first 
** argument to offset iOffset within the file. If successful, return 0. 
** Otherwise, set pFile->lastErrno and return non-zero.
*/
static int winSeekFile(winFile *pFile, sqlite3_int64 iOffset){
#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  LONG upperBits;                 /* Most sig. 32 bits of new offset */
  LONG lowerBits;                 /* Least sig. 32 bits of new offset */
  DWORD dwRet;                    /* Value returned by SetFilePointer() */
................................................................................
  DWORD lastErrno;                /* Value returned by GetLastError() */

  OSTRACE(("SEEK file=%p, offset=%lld\n", pFile->h, iOffset));

  upperBits = (LONG)((iOffset>>32) & 0x7fffffff);
  lowerBits = (LONG)(iOffset & 0xffffffff);

  /* API oddity: If successful, SetFilePointer() returns a dword 
  ** containing the lower 32-bits of the new file-offset. Or, if it fails,
  ** it returns INVALID_SET_FILE_POINTER. However according to MSDN, 
  ** INVALID_SET_FILE_POINTER may also be a valid new offset. So to determine 
  ** whether an error has actually occurred, it is also necessary to call 
  ** GetLastError().
  */
  dwRet = osSetFilePointer(pFile->h, lowerBits, &upperBits, FILE_BEGIN);

  if( (dwRet==INVALID_SET_FILE_POINTER
      && ((lastErrno = osGetLastError())!=NO_ERROR)) ){
    pFile->lastErrno = lastErrno;
................................................................................
#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
#define WINCE_DELETION_ATTEMPTS 3
  winceDestroyLock(pFile);
  if( pFile->zDeleteOnClose ){
    int cnt = 0;
    while(
           osDeleteFileW(pFile->zDeleteOnClose)==0
        && osGetFileAttributesW(pFile->zDeleteOnClose)!=0xffffffff 
        && cnt++ < WINCE_DELETION_ATTEMPTS
    ){
       sqlite3_win32_sleep(100);  /* Wait a little before trying again */
    }
    sqlite3_free(pFile->zDeleteOnClose);
  }
#endif
................................................................................
*/
static int winDeviceCharacteristics(sqlite3_file *id){
  winFile *p = (winFile*)id;
  return SQLITE_IOCAP_UNDELETABLE_WHEN_OPEN |
         ((p->ctrlFlags & WINFILE_PSOW)?SQLITE_IOCAP_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE:0);
}

/* 
** Windows will only let you create file view mappings
** on allocation size granularity boundaries.
** During sqlite3_os_init() we do a GetSystemInfo()
** to get the granularity size.
*/
static SYSTEM_INFO winSysInfo;

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL

/*
** Helper functions to obtain and relinquish the global mutex. The
** global mutex is used to protect the winLockInfo objects used by 
** this file, all of which may be shared by multiple threads.
**
** Function winShmMutexHeld() is used to assert() that the global mutex 
** is held when required. This function is only used as part of assert() 
** statements. e.g.
**
**   winShmEnterMutex()
**     assert( winShmMutexHeld() );
**   winShmLeaveMutex()
*/
static void winShmEnterMutex(void){
................................................................................
** point to a single instance of this object.  In other words, each
** log-summary is opened only once per process.
**
** winShmMutexHeld() must be true when creating or destroying
** this object or while reading or writing the following fields:
**
**      nRef
**      pNext 
**
** The following fields are read-only after the object is created:
** 
**      fid
**      zFilename
**
** Either winShmNode.mutex must be held or winShmNode.nRef==0 and
** winShmMutexHeld() is true when reading or writing any other field
** in this structure.
**
................................................................................
    rc = winUnlockFile(&pFile->hFile.h, ofst, 0, nByte, 0);
  }else{
    /* Initialize the locking parameters */
    DWORD dwFlags = LOCKFILE_FAIL_IMMEDIATELY;
    if( lockType == _SHM_WRLCK ) dwFlags |= LOCKFILE_EXCLUSIVE_LOCK;
    rc = winLockFile(&pFile->hFile.h, dwFlags, ofst, 0, nByte, 0);
  }
  
  if( rc!= 0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
  }else{
    pFile->lastErrno =  osGetLastError();
    rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
  }

................................................................................
  pNew = sqlite3MallocZero( sizeof(*pShmNode) + nName + 17 );
  if( pNew==0 ){
    sqlite3_free(p);
    return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
  }
  pNew->zFilename = (char*)&pNew[1];
  sqlite3_snprintf(nName+15, pNew->zFilename, "%s-shm", pDbFd->zPath);
  sqlite3FileSuffix3(pDbFd->zPath, pNew->zFilename); 

  /* Look to see if there is an existing winShmNode that can be used.
  ** If no matching winShmNode currently exists, create a new one.
  */
  winShmEnterMutex();
  for(pShmNode = winShmNodeList; pShmNode; pShmNode=pShmNode->pNext){
    /* TBD need to come up with better match here.  Perhaps
................................................................................
                 SQLITE_OPEN_WAL | SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE | SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE,
                 0);
    if( SQLITE_OK!=rc ){
      goto shm_open_err;
    }

    /* Check to see if another process is holding the dead-man switch.
    ** If not, truncate the file to zero length. 
    */
    if( winShmSystemLock(pShmNode, _SHM_WRLCK, WIN_SHM_DMS, 1)==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = winTruncate((sqlite3_file *)&pShmNode->hFile, 0);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        rc = winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_SHMOPEN, osGetLastError(),
                         "winOpenShm", pDbFd->zPath);
      }
................................................................................
  pDbFd->pShm = p;
  winShmLeaveMutex();

  /* The reference count on pShmNode has already been incremented under
  ** the cover of the winShmEnterMutex() mutex and the pointer from the
  ** new (struct winShm) object to the pShmNode has been set. All that is
  ** left to do is to link the new object into the linked list starting
  ** at pShmNode->pFirst. This must be done while holding the pShmNode->mutex 
  ** mutex.
  */
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(pShmNode->mutex);
  p->pNext = pShmNode->pFirst;
  pShmNode->pFirst = p;
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(pShmNode->mutex);
  return SQLITE_OK;
................................................................................
  sqlite3_free(p);
  sqlite3_free(pNew);
  winShmLeaveMutex();
  return rc;
}

/*
** Close a connection to shared-memory.  Delete the underlying 
** storage if deleteFlag is true.
*/
static int winShmUnmap(
  sqlite3_file *fd,          /* Database holding shared memory */
  int deleteFlag             /* Delete after closing if true */
){
  winFile *pDbFd;       /* Database holding shared-memory */
................................................................................
      rc = SQLITE_OK;
    }

    /* Undo the local locks */
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      p->exclMask &= ~mask;
      p->sharedMask &= ~mask;
    } 
  }else if( flags & SQLITE_SHM_SHARED ){
    u16 allShared = 0;  /* Union of locks held by connections other than "p" */

    /* Find out which shared locks are already held by sibling connections.
    ** If any sibling already holds an exclusive lock, go ahead and return
    ** SQLITE_BUSY.
    */
................................................................................
    */
    for(pX=pShmNode->pFirst; pX; pX=pX->pNext){
      if( (pX->exclMask & mask)!=0 || (pX->sharedMask & mask)!=0 ){
        rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
        break;
      }
    }
  
    /* Get the exclusive locks at the system level.  Then if successful
    ** also mark the local connection as being locked.
    */
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = winShmSystemLock(pShmNode, _SHM_WRLCK, ofst+WIN_SHM_BASE, n);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        assert( (p->sharedMask & mask)==0 );
................................................................................
  OSTRACE(("SHM-LOCK pid=%lu, id=%d, sharedMask=%03x, exclMask=%03x, rc=%s\n",
           osGetCurrentProcessId(), p->id, p->sharedMask, p->exclMask,
           sqlite3ErrName(rc)));
  return rc;
}

/*
** Implement a memory barrier or memory fence on shared memory.  
**
** All loads and stores begun before the barrier must complete before
** any load or store begun after the barrier.
*/
static void winShmBarrier(
  sqlite3_file *fd          /* Database holding the shared memory */
){
................................................................................
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(fd);
  /* MemoryBarrier(); // does not work -- do not know why not */
  winShmEnterMutex();
  winShmLeaveMutex();
}

/*
** This function is called to obtain a pointer to region iRegion of the 
** shared-memory associated with the database file fd. Shared-memory regions 
** are numbered starting from zero. Each shared-memory region is szRegion 
** bytes in size.
**
** If an error occurs, an error code is returned and *pp is set to NULL.
**
** Otherwise, if the isWrite parameter is 0 and the requested shared-memory
** region has not been allocated (by any client, including one running in a
** separate process), then *pp is set to NULL and SQLITE_OK returned. If 
** isWrite is non-zero and the requested shared-memory region has not yet 
** been allocated, it is allocated by this function.
**
** If the shared-memory region has already been allocated or is allocated by
** this call as described above, then it is mapped into this processes 
** address space (if it is not already), *pp is set to point to the mapped 
** memory and SQLITE_OK returned.
*/
static int winShmMap(
  sqlite3_file *fd,               /* Handle open on database file */
  int iRegion,                    /* Region to retrieve */
  int szRegion,                   /* Size of regions */
  int isWrite,                    /* True to extend file if necessary */
................................................................................
      goto shmpage_out;
    }
    pShmNode->aRegion = apNew;

    while( pShmNode->nRegion<=iRegion ){
      HANDLE hMap = NULL;         /* file-mapping handle */
      void *pMap = 0;             /* Mapped memory region */
     
#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
      hMap = osCreateFileMappingFromApp(pShmNode->hFile.h,
          NULL, PAGE_READWRITE, nByte, NULL
      );
#elif defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_WIDE)
      hMap = osCreateFileMappingW(pShmNode->hFile.h, 
          NULL, PAGE_READWRITE, 0, nByte, NULL
      );
#elif defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI)
      hMap = osCreateFileMappingA(pShmNode->hFile.h, 
          NULL, PAGE_READWRITE, 0, nByte, NULL
      );
#endif
      OSTRACE(("SHM-MAP-CREATE pid=%lu, region=%d, size=%d, rc=%s\n",
               osGetCurrentProcessId(), pShmNode->nRegion, nByte,
               hMap ? "ok" : "failed"));
      if( hMap ){
................................................................................
  OSTRACE(("UNMAP-FILE pid=%lu, pFile=%p, rc=SQLITE_OK\n",
           osGetCurrentProcessId(), pFile));
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Memory map or remap the file opened by file-descriptor pFd (if the file
** is already mapped, the existing mapping is replaced by the new). Or, if 
** there already exists a mapping for this file, and there are still 
** outstanding xFetch() references to it, this function is a no-op.
**
** If parameter nByte is non-negative, then it is the requested size of 
** the mapping to create. Otherwise, if nByte is less than zero, then the 
** requested size is the size of the file on disk. The actual size of the
** created mapping is either the requested size or the value configured 
** using SQLITE_FCNTL_MMAP_SIZE, whichever is smaller.
**
** SQLITE_OK is returned if no error occurs (even if the mapping is not
** recreated as a result of outstanding references) or an SQLite error
** code otherwise.
*/
static int winMapfile(winFile *pFd, sqlite3_int64 nByte){
................................................................................
      return SQLITE_IOERR_FSTAT;
    }
  }
  if( nMap>pFd->mmapSizeMax ){
    nMap = pFd->mmapSizeMax;
  }
  nMap &= ~(sqlite3_int64)(winSysInfo.dwPageSize - 1);
 
  if( nMap==0 && pFd->mmapSize>0 ){
    winUnmapfile(pFd);
  }
  if( nMap!=pFd->mmapSize ){
    void *pNew = 0;
    DWORD protect = PAGE_READONLY;
    DWORD flags = FILE_MAP_READ;
................................................................................
** iOff. The mapping must be valid for at least nAmt bytes.
**
** If such a pointer can be obtained, store it in *pp and return SQLITE_OK.
** Or, if one cannot but no error occurs, set *pp to 0 and return SQLITE_OK.
** Finally, if an error does occur, return an SQLite error code. The final
** value of *pp is undefined in this case.
**
** If this function does return a pointer, the caller must eventually 
** release the reference by calling winUnfetch().
*/
static int winFetch(sqlite3_file *fd, i64 iOff, int nAmt, void **pp){
#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
  winFile *pFd = (winFile*)fd;   /* The underlying database file */
#endif
  *pp = 0;
................................................................................

  OSTRACE(("FETCH pid=%lu, pFile=%p, pp=%p, *pp=%p, rc=SQLITE_OK\n",
           osGetCurrentProcessId(), fd, pp, *pp));
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** If the third argument is non-NULL, then this function releases a 
** reference obtained by an earlier call to winFetch(). The second
** argument passed to this function must be the same as the corresponding
** argument that was passed to the winFetch() invocation. 
**
** Or, if the third argument is NULL, then this function is being called 
** to inform the VFS layer that, according to POSIX, any existing mapping 
** may now be invalid and should be unmapped.
*/
static int winUnfetch(sqlite3_file *fd, i64 iOff, void *p){
#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
  winFile *pFd = (winFile*)fd;   /* The underlying database file */

  /* If p==0 (unmap the entire file) then there must be no outstanding 
  ** xFetch references. Or, if p!=0 (meaning it is an xFetch reference),
  ** then there must be at least one outstanding.  */
  assert( (p==0)==(pFd->nFetchOut==0) );

  /* If p!=0, it must match the iOff value. */
  assert( p==0 || p==&((u8 *)pFd->pMapRegion)[iOff] );

................................................................................
  size_t i, j;
  int nPre = sqlite3Strlen30(SQLITE_TEMP_FILE_PREFIX);
  int nMax, nBuf, nDir, nLen;
  char *zBuf;

  /* It's odd to simulate an io-error here, but really this is just
  ** using the io-error infrastructure to test that SQLite handles this
  ** function failing. 
  */
  SimulateIOError( return SQLITE_IOERR );

  /* Allocate a temporary buffer to store the fully qualified file
  ** name for the temporary file.  If this fails, we cannot continue.
  */
  nMax = pVfs->mxPathname; nBuf = nMax + 2;
................................................................................
  if( !winMakeEndInDirSep(nDir+1, zBuf) ){
    sqlite3_free(zBuf);
    OSTRACE(("TEMP-FILENAME rc=SQLITE_ERROR\n"));
    return winLogError(SQLITE_ERROR, 0, "winGetTempname4", 0);
  }

  /*
  ** Check that the output buffer is large enough for the temporary file 
  ** name in the following format:
  **
  **   "<temporary_directory>/etilqs_XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX\0\0"
  **
  ** If not, return SQLITE_ERROR.  The number 17 is used here in order to
  ** account for the space used by the 15 character random suffix and the
  ** two trailing NUL characters.  The final directory separator character
................................................................................
  int isDelete     = (flags & SQLITE_OPEN_DELETEONCLOSE);
  int isCreate     = (flags & SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE);
  int isReadonly   = (flags & SQLITE_OPEN_READONLY);
  int isReadWrite  = (flags & SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE);

#ifndef NDEBUG
  int isOpenJournal = (isCreate && (
        eType==SQLITE_OPEN_MASTER_JOURNAL 
     || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_JOURNAL 
     || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_WAL
  ));
#endif

  OSTRACE(("OPEN name=%s, pFile=%p, flags=%x, pOutFlags=%p\n",
           zUtf8Name, id, flags, pOutFlags));

  /* Check the following statements are true: 
  **
  **   (a) Exactly one of the READWRITE and READONLY flags must be set, and 
  **   (b) if CREATE is set, then READWRITE must also be set, and
  **   (c) if EXCLUSIVE is set, then CREATE must also be set.
  **   (d) if DELETEONCLOSE is set, then CREATE must also be set.
  */
  assert((isReadonly==0 || isReadWrite==0) && (isReadWrite || isReadonly));
  assert(isCreate==0 || isReadWrite);
  assert(isExclusive==0 || isCreate);
  assert(isDelete==0 || isCreate);

  /* The main DB, main journal, WAL file and master journal are never 
  ** automatically deleted. Nor are they ever temporary files.  */
  assert( (!isDelete && zName) || eType!=SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB );
  assert( (!isDelete && zName) || eType!=SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_JOURNAL );
  assert( (!isDelete && zName) || eType!=SQLITE_OPEN_MASTER_JOURNAL );
  assert( (!isDelete && zName) || eType!=SQLITE_OPEN_WAL );

  /* Assert that the upper layer has set one of the "file-type" flags. */
  assert( eType==SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB      || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_DB 
       || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_JOURNAL || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_JOURNAL 
       || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_SUBJOURNAL   || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_MASTER_JOURNAL 
       || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_TRANSIENT_DB || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_WAL
  );

  assert( pFile!=0 );
  memset(pFile, 0, sizeof(winFile));
  pFile->h = INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE;

................................................................................
#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  if( !zUtf8Name && !sqlite3_temp_directory ){
    sqlite3_log(SQLITE_ERROR,
        "sqlite3_temp_directory variable should be set for WinRT");
  }
#endif

  /* If the second argument to this function is NULL, generate a 
  ** temporary file name to use 
  */
  if( !zUtf8Name ){
    assert( isDelete && !isOpenJournal );
    rc = winGetTempname(pVfs, &zTmpname);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      OSTRACE(("OPEN name=%s, rc=%s", zUtf8Name, sqlite3ErrName(rc)));
      return rc;
................................................................................

  if( isReadWrite ){
    dwDesiredAccess = GENERIC_READ | GENERIC_WRITE;
  }else{
    dwDesiredAccess = GENERIC_READ;
  }

  /* SQLITE_OPEN_EXCLUSIVE is used to make sure that a new file is 
  ** created. SQLite doesn't use it to indicate "exclusive access" 
  ** as it is usually understood.
  */
  if( isExclusive ){
    /* Creates a new file, only if it does not already exist. */
    /* If the file exists, it fails. */
    dwCreationDisposition = CREATE_NEW;
  }else if( isCreate ){
................................................................................

  if( h==INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE ){
    pFile->lastErrno = lastErrno;
    winLogError(SQLITE_CANTOPEN, pFile->lastErrno, "winOpen", zUtf8Name);
    sqlite3_free(zConverted);
    sqlite3_free(zTmpname);
    if( isReadWrite && !isExclusive ){
      return winOpen(pVfs, zName, id, 
         ((flags|SQLITE_OPEN_READONLY) &
                     ~(SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE|SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE)),
         pOutFlags);
    }else{
      return SQLITE_CANTOPEN_BKPT;
    }
  }
................................................................................
    return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
  }
  if( osIsNT() ){
    int cnt = 0;
    WIN32_FILE_ATTRIBUTE_DATA sAttrData;
    memset(&sAttrData, 0, sizeof(sAttrData));
    while( !(rc = osGetFileAttributesExW((LPCWSTR)zConverted,
                             GetFileExInfoStandard, 
                             &sAttrData)) && winRetryIoerr(&cnt, &lastErrno) ){}
    if( rc ){
      /* For an SQLITE_ACCESS_EXISTS query, treat a zero-length file
      ** as if it does not exist.
      */
      if(    flags==SQLITE_ACCESS_EXISTS
          && sAttrData.nFileSizeHigh==0 
          && sAttrData.nFileSizeLow==0 ){
        attr = INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES;
      }else{
        attr = sAttrData.dwFileAttributes;
      }
    }else{
      winLogIoerr(cnt);
................................................................................
*/
static int winFullPathname(
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs,            /* Pointer to vfs object */
  const char *zRelative,        /* Possibly relative input path */
  int nFull,                    /* Size of output buffer in bytes */
  char *zFull                   /* Output buffer */
){
  
#if defined(__CYGWIN__)
  SimulateIOError( return SQLITE_ERROR );
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(nFull);
  assert( nFull>=pVfs->mxPathname );
  if ( sqlite3_data_directory && !winIsVerbatimPathname(zRelative) ){
    /*
    ** NOTE: We are dealing with a relative path name and the data
................................................................................
/*
** Find the current time (in Universal Coordinated Time).  Write into *piNow
** the current time and date as a Julian Day number times 86_400_000.  In
** other words, write into *piNow the number of milliseconds since the Julian
** epoch of noon in Greenwich on November 24, 4714 B.C according to the
** proleptic Gregorian calendar.
**
** On success, return SQLITE_OK.  Return SQLITE_ERROR if the time and date 
** cannot be found.
*/
static int winCurrentTimeInt64(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, sqlite3_int64 *piNow){
  /* FILETIME structure is a 64-bit value representing the number of 
     100-nanosecond intervals since January 1, 1601 (= JD 2305813.5). 
  */
  FILETIME ft;
  static const sqlite3_int64 winFiletimeEpoch = 23058135*(sqlite3_int64)8640000;
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
  static const sqlite3_int64 unixEpoch = 24405875*(sqlite3_int64)8640000;
#endif
  /* 2^32 - to avoid use of LL and warnings in gcc */
  static const sqlite3_int64 max32BitValue = 
      (sqlite3_int64)2000000000 + (sqlite3_int64)2000000000 +
      (sqlite3_int64)294967296;

#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
  SYSTEMTIME time;
  osGetSystemTime(&time);
  /* if SystemTimeToFileTime() fails, it returns zero. */
................................................................................
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
#else
  osGetSystemTimeAsFileTime( &ft );
#endif

  *piNow = winFiletimeEpoch +
            ((((sqlite3_int64)ft.dwHighDateTime)*max32BitValue) + 
               (sqlite3_int64)ft.dwLowDateTime)/(sqlite3_int64)10000;

#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
  if( sqlite3_current_time ){
    *piNow = 1000*(sqlite3_int64)sqlite3_current_time + unixEpoch;
  }
#endif
................................................................................
    winGetSystemCall,    /* xGetSystemCall */
    winNextSystemCall,   /* xNextSystemCall */
  };
#endif

  /* Double-check that the aSyscall[] array has been constructed
  ** correctly.  See ticket [bb3a86e890c8e96ab] */
  assert( ArraySize(aSyscall)==76 );

  /* get memory map allocation granularity */
  memset(&winSysInfo, 0, sizeof(SYSTEM_INFO));
#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  osGetNativeSystemInfo(&winSysInfo);
#else
  osGetSystemInfo(&winSysInfo);
................................................................................

  sqlite3_vfs_register(&winVfs, 1);

#if defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_WIDE)
  sqlite3_vfs_register(&winLongPathVfs, 0);
#endif

  return SQLITE_OK; 
}

SQLITE_API int sqlite3_os_end(void){ 
#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  if( sleepObj!=NULL ){
    osCloseHandle(sleepObj);
    sleepObj = NULL;
  }
#endif
  return SQLITE_OK;
................................................................................
  ** during the few nanoseconds that it is holding the lock.  In that case,
  ** it might take longer than normal for the lock to free.
  **
  ** After 5 RETRYs, we begin calling sqlite3OsSleep().  The first few
  ** calls to sqlite3OsSleep() have a delay of 1 microsecond.  Really this
  ** is more of a scheduler yield than an actual delay.  But on the 10th
  ** an subsequent retries, the delays start becoming longer and longer, 
  ** so that on the 100th (and last) RETRY we delay for 21 milliseconds.
  ** The total delay time before giving up is less than 1 second.
  */
  if( cnt>5 ){
    int nDelay = 1;                      /* Pause time in microseconds */
    if( cnt>100 ){
      VVA_ONLY( pWal->lockError = 1; )
      return SQLITE_PROTOCOL;
    }
    if( cnt>=10 ) nDelay = (cnt-9)*238;  /* Max delay 21ms. Total delay 996ms */
    sqlite3OsSleep(pWal->pVfs, nDelay);
  }

  if( !useWal ){
    rc = walIndexReadHdr(pWal, pChanged);
    if( rc==SQLITE_BUSY ){
      /* If there is not a recovery running in another thread or process
................................................................................
  }

  /* If the client is reading  or writing an index and the schema is
  ** not loaded, then it is too difficult to actually check to see if
  ** the correct locks are held.  So do not bother - just return true.
  ** This case does not come up very often anyhow.
  */
  if( isIndex && (!pSchema || (pSchema->flags&DB_SchemaLoaded)==0) ){
    return 1;
  }

  /* Figure out the root-page that the lock should be held on. For table
  ** b-trees, this is just the root page of the b-tree being read or
  ** written. For index b-trees, it is the root page of the associated
  ** table.  */
................................................................................
*/
static Pgno btreePagecount(BtShared *pBt){
  return pBt->nPage;
}
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3BtreeLastPage(Btree *p){
  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsMutex(p) );
  assert( ((p->pBt->nPage)&0x8000000)==0 );
  return (int)btreePagecount(p->pBt);
}

/*
** Get a page from the pager and initialize it.  This routine is just a
** convenience wrapper around separate calls to btreeGetPage() and 
** btreeInitPage().
**
................................................................................
  int cellOffset;   /* Address of first cell pointer in data[] */
  u8 *data;         /* The content of the whole page */
  int nSkip = (iChild ? 4 : 0);

  if( *pRC ) return;

  assert( i>=0 && i<=pPage->nCell+pPage->nOverflow );

  assert( pPage->nCell<=MX_CELL(pPage->pBt) && MX_CELL(pPage->pBt)<=10921 );
  assert( pPage->nOverflow<=ArraySize(pPage->apOvfl) );
  assert( ArraySize(pPage->apOvfl)==ArraySize(pPage->aiOvfl) );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  /* The cell should normally be sized correctly.  However, when moving a
  ** malformed cell from a leaf page to an interior page, if the cell size
  ** wanted to be less than 4 but got rounded up to 4 on the leaf, then size
  ** might be less than 8 (leaf-size + pointer) on the interior node.  Hence
................................................................................
  int i;
  FuncDefHash *pHash = &GLOBAL(FuncDefHash, sqlite3GlobalFunctions);
  FuncDef *aFunc = (FuncDef*)&GLOBAL(FuncDef, aAnalyzeTableFuncs);
  for(i=0; i<ArraySize(aAnalyzeTableFuncs); i++){
    sqlite3FuncDefInsert(pHash, &aFunc[i]);
  }
}































































/*
** This function is used to allocate and populate UnpackedRecord 
** structures intended to be compared against sample index keys stored 
** in the sqlite_stat4 table.
**
** A single call to this function attempts to populates field iVal (leftmost 
................................................................................
  Index *pIdx,                    /* Index being probed */
  UnpackedRecord **ppRec,         /* IN/OUT: Probe record */
  Expr *pExpr,                    /* The expression to extract a value from */
  u8 affinity,                    /* Affinity to use */
  int iVal,                       /* Array element to populate */
  int *pbOk                       /* OUT: True if value was extracted */
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  sqlite3_value *pVal = 0;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;


  struct ValueNewStat4Ctx alloc;
  alloc.pParse = pParse;
  alloc.pIdx = pIdx;
  alloc.ppRec = ppRec;
  alloc.iVal = iVal;

  /* Skip over any TK_COLLATE nodes */
  pExpr = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pExpr);



  if( !pExpr ){
    pVal = valueNew(db, &alloc);
    if( pVal ){
      sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull((Mem*)pVal);
    }


  }else if( pExpr->op==TK_VARIABLE
        || NEVER(pExpr->op==TK_REGISTER && pExpr->op2==TK_VARIABLE)












  ){
    Vdbe *v;
    int iBindVar = pExpr->iColumn;
    sqlite3VdbeSetVarmask(pParse->pVdbe, iBindVar);
    if( (v = pParse->pReprepare)!=0 ){
      pVal = valueNew(db, &alloc);
      if( pVal ){
        rc = sqlite3VdbeMemCopy((Mem*)pVal, &v->aVar[iBindVar-1]);
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(pVal, affinity, ENC(db));

        }
        pVal->db = pParse->db;
      }























    }
  }else{
    rc = valueFromExpr(db, pExpr, ENC(db), affinity, &pVal, &alloc);











  }
  *pbOk = (pVal!=0);







  assert( pVal==0 || pVal->db==db );


  return rc;
}

/*
** Unless it is NULL, the argument must be an UnpackedRecord object returned
** by an earlier call to sqlite3Stat4ProbeSetValue(). This call deletes
** the object.
*/
................................................................................
  zTmp = pA->zSql;
  pA->zSql = pB->zSql;
  pB->zSql = zTmp;
  pB->isPrepareV2 = pA->isPrepareV2;
}

/*
** Resize the Vdbe.aOp array so that it is at least one op larger than 
** it was.

**
** If an out-of-memory error occurs while resizing the array, return
** SQLITE_NOMEM. In this case Vdbe.aOp and Vdbe.nOpAlloc remain 
** unchanged (this is so that any opcodes already allocated can be 
** correctly deallocated along with the rest of the Vdbe).
*/
static int growOpArray(Vdbe *v){
  VdbeOp *pNew;
  Parse *p = v->pParse;











  int nNew = (p->nOpAlloc ? p->nOpAlloc*2 : (int)(1024/sizeof(Op)));





  pNew = sqlite3DbRealloc(p->db, v->aOp, nNew*sizeof(Op));
  if( pNew ){
    p->nOpAlloc = sqlite3DbMallocSize(p->db, pNew)/sizeof(Op);
    v->aOp = pNew;
  }
  return (pNew ? SQLITE_OK : SQLITE_NOMEM);
}
................................................................................
  int i;
  VdbeOp *pOp;

  i = p->nOp;
  assert( p->magic==VDBE_MAGIC_INIT );
  assert( op>0 && op<0xff );
  if( p->pParse->nOpAlloc<=i ){
    if( growOpArray(p) ){
      return 1;
    }
  }
  p->nOp++;
  pOp = &p->aOp[i];
  pOp->opcode = (u8)op;
  pOp->p5 = 0;
................................................................................
      pOp->p2 = aLabel[-1-pOp->p2];
    }
  }
  sqlite3DbFree(p->db, pParse->aLabel);
  pParse->aLabel = 0;
  pParse->nLabel = 0;
  *pMaxFuncArgs = nMaxArgs;
  assert( p->bIsReader!=0 || p->btreeMask==0 );
}

/*
** Return the address of the next instruction to be inserted.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(Vdbe *p){
  assert( p->magic==VDBE_MAGIC_INIT );
................................................................................
** returned program.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE VdbeOp *sqlite3VdbeTakeOpArray(Vdbe *p, int *pnOp, int *pnMaxArg){
  VdbeOp *aOp = p->aOp;
  assert( aOp && !p->db->mallocFailed );

  /* Check that sqlite3VdbeUsesBtree() was not called on this VM */
  assert( p->btreeMask==0 );

  resolveP2Values(p, pnMaxArg);
  *pnOp = p->nOp;
  p->aOp = 0;
  return aOp;
}

................................................................................
/*
** Add a whole list of operations to the operation stack.  Return the
** address of the first operation added.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOpList(Vdbe *p, int nOp, VdbeOpList const *aOp, int iLineno){
  int addr;
  assert( p->magic==VDBE_MAGIC_INIT );
  if( p->nOp + nOp > p->pParse->nOpAlloc && growOpArray(p) ){
    return 0;
  }
  addr = p->nOp;
  if( ALWAYS(nOp>0) ){
    int i;
    VdbeOpList const *pIn = aOp;
    for(i=0; i<nOp; i++, pIn++){
................................................................................
  pVdbe->pProgram = p;
}

/*
** Change the opcode at addr into OP_Noop
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeToNoop(Vdbe *p, int addr){
  if( p->aOp ){
    VdbeOp *pOp = &p->aOp[addr];
    sqlite3 *db = p->db;
    freeP4(db, pOp->p4type, pOp->p4.p);
    memset(pOp, 0, sizeof(pOp[0]));
    pOp->opcode = OP_Noop;
    if( addr==p->nOp-1 ) p->nOp--;
  }
................................................................................
** attached databases that will be use.  A mask of these databases
** is maintained in p->btreeMask.  The p->lockMask value is the subset of
** p->btreeMask of databases that will require a lock.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeUsesBtree(Vdbe *p, int i){
  assert( i>=0 && i<p->db->nDb && i<(int)sizeof(yDbMask)*8 );
  assert( i<(int)sizeof(p->btreeMask)*8 );
  p->btreeMask |= ((yDbMask)1)<<i;
  if( i!=1 && sqlite3BtreeSharable(p->db->aDb[i].pBt) ){
    p->lockMask |= ((yDbMask)1)<<i;
  }
}

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE) && SQLITE_THREADSAFE>0
/*
** If SQLite is compiled to support shared-cache mode and to be threadsafe,
** this routine obtains the mutex associated with each BtShared structure
................................................................................
** statement p will ever use.  Let N be the number of bits in p->btreeMask
** corresponding to btrees that use shared cache.  Then the runtime of
** this routine is N*N.  But as N is rarely more than 1, this should not
** be a problem.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeEnter(Vdbe *p){
  int i;
  yDbMask mask;
  sqlite3 *db;
  Db *aDb;
  int nDb;
  if( p->lockMask==0 ) return;  /* The common case */
  db = p->db;
  aDb = db->aDb;
  nDb = db->nDb;
  for(i=0, mask=1; i<nDb; i++, mask += mask){
    if( i!=1 && (mask & p->lockMask)!=0 && ALWAYS(aDb[i].pBt!=0) ){
      sqlite3BtreeEnter(aDb[i].pBt);
    }
  }
}
#endif

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE) && SQLITE_THREADSAFE>0
/*
** Unlock all of the btrees previously locked by a call to sqlite3VdbeEnter().
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeLeave(Vdbe *p){
  int i;
  yDbMask mask;
  sqlite3 *db;
  Db *aDb;
  int nDb;
  if( p->lockMask==0 ) return;  /* The common case */
  db = p->db;
  aDb = db->aDb;
  nDb = db->nDb;
  for(i=0, mask=1; i<nDb; i++, mask += mask){
    if( i!=1 && (mask & p->lockMask)!=0 && ALWAYS(aDb[i].pBt!=0) ){
      sqlite3BtreeLeave(aDb[i].pBt);
    }
  }
}
#endif

#if defined(VDBE_PROFILE) || defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
................................................................................
static void checkActiveVdbeCnt(sqlite3 *db){
  Vdbe *p;
  int cnt = 0;
  int nWrite = 0;
  int nRead = 0;
  p = db->pVdbe;
  while( p ){
    if( p->magic==VDBE_MAGIC_RUN && p->pc>=0 ){
      cnt++;
      if( p->readOnly==0 ) nWrite++;
      if( p->bIsReader ) nRead++;
    }
    p = p->pNext;
  }
  assert( cnt==db->nVdbeActive );
................................................................................
    int isSpecialError;            /* Set to true if a 'special' error */

    /* Lock all btrees used by the statement */
    sqlite3VdbeEnter(p);

    /* Check for one of the special errors */
    mrc = p->rc & 0xff;
    assert( p->rc!=SQLITE_IOERR_BLOCKED );  /* This error no longer exists */
    isSpecialError = mrc==SQLITE_NOMEM || mrc==SQLITE_IOERR
                     || mrc==SQLITE_INTERRUPT || mrc==SQLITE_FULL;
    if( isSpecialError ){
      /* If the query was read-only and the error code is SQLITE_INTERRUPT, 
      ** no rollback is necessary. Otherwise, at least a savepoint 
      ** transaction must be rolled back to restore the database to a 
      ** consistent state.
................................................................................
*/

/*
** Return the serial-type for the value stored in pMem.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3VdbeSerialType(Mem *pMem, int file_format){
  int flags = pMem->flags;
  int n;

  if( flags&MEM_Null ){
    return 0;
  }
  if( flags&MEM_Int ){
    /* Figure out whether to use 1, 2, 4, 6 or 8 bytes. */
#   define MAX_6BYTE ((((i64)0x00008000)<<32)-1)
................................................................................
    if( u<=MAX_6BYTE ) return 5;
    return 6;
  }
  if( flags&MEM_Real ){
    return 7;
  }
  assert( pMem->db->mallocFailed || flags&(MEM_Str|MEM_Blob) );

  n = pMem->n;
  if( flags & MEM_Zero ){
    n += pMem->u.nZero;
  }
  assert( n>=0 );
  return ((n*2) + 12 + ((flags&MEM_Str)!=0));
}

/*
** Return the length of the data corresponding to the supplied serial-type.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3VdbeSerialTypeLen(u32 serial_type){
................................................................................
  assert( mem1.zMalloc==0 );

  /* rc==0 here means that one or both of the keys ran out of fields and
  ** all the fields up to that point were equal. Return the the default_rc
  ** value.  */
  assert( CORRUPT_DB 
       || pPKey2->default_rc==vdbeRecordCompareDebug(nKey1, pKey1, pPKey2) 

  );
  return pPKey2->default_rc;
}

/*
** This function is an optimized version of sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare() 
** that (a) the first field of pPKey2 is an integer, and (b) the 
................................................................................
    }
  }

  assert( (res==0 && vdbeRecordCompareDebug(nKey1, pKey1, pPKey2)==0)
       || (res<0 && vdbeRecordCompareDebug(nKey1, pKey1, pPKey2)<0)
       || (res>0 && vdbeRecordCompareDebug(nKey1, pKey1, pPKey2)>0)
       || CORRUPT_DB

  );
  return res;
}

/*
** Return a pointer to an sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare() compatible function
** suitable for comparing serialized records to the unpacked record passed
................................................................................
}

/*
** Return true if the prepared statement is in need of being reset.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_stmt_busy(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt){
  Vdbe *v = (Vdbe*)pStmt;
  return v!=0 && v->pc>0 && v->magic==VDBE_MAGIC_RUN;
}

/*
** Return a pointer to the next prepared statement after pStmt associated
** with database connection pDb.  If pStmt is NULL, return the first
** prepared statement for the database connection.  Return NULL if there
** are no more.
................................................................................
** feature is used for test suite validation only and does not appear an
** production builds.
**
** M is an integer, 2 or 3, that indices how many different ways the
** branch can go.  It is usually 2.  "I" is the direction the branch
** goes.  0 means falls through.  1 means branch is taken.  2 means the
** second alternative branch is taken.






*/
#if !defined(SQLITE_VDBE_COVERAGE)
# define VdbeBranchTaken(I,M)
#else
# define VdbeBranchTaken(I,M) vdbeTakeBranch(pOp->iSrcLine,I,M)
  static void vdbeTakeBranch(int iSrcLine, u8 I, u8 M){
    if( iSrcLine<=2 && ALWAYS(iSrcLine>0) ){
................................................................................
/*
** Try to convert a value into a numeric representation if we can
** do so without loss of information.  In other words, if the string
** looks like a number, convert it into a number.  If it does not
** look like a number, leave it alone.
*/
static void applyNumericAffinity(Mem *pRec){
  if( (pRec->flags & (MEM_Real|MEM_Int))==0 ){
    double rValue;
    i64 iValue;
    u8 enc = pRec->enc;
    if( (pRec->flags&MEM_Str)==0 ) return;
    if( sqlite3AtoF(pRec->z, &rValue, pRec->n, enc)==0 ) return;
    if( 0==sqlite3Atoi64(pRec->z, &iValue, pRec->n, enc) ){
      pRec->u.i = iValue;
      pRec->flags |= MEM_Int;
    }else{
      pRec->r = rValue;
      pRec->flags |= MEM_Real;
    }
  }
}



/*
** Processing is determine by the affinity parameter:
**
** SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER:
** SQLITE_AFF_REAL:
** SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC:
................................................................................
    if( 0==(pRec->flags&MEM_Str) && (pRec->flags&(MEM_Real|MEM_Int)) ){
      sqlite3VdbeMemStringify(pRec, enc);
    }
    pRec->flags &= ~(MEM_Real|MEM_Int);
  }else if( affinity!=SQLITE_AFF_NONE ){
    assert( affinity==SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER || affinity==SQLITE_AFF_REAL
             || affinity==SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC );
    applyNumericAffinity(pRec);
    if( pRec->flags & MEM_Real ){
      sqlite3VdbeIntegerAffinity(pRec);
    }
  }
}

/*
................................................................................
  pc = (int)pIn1->u.i;
  pIn1->flags = MEM_Undefined;
  break;
}

/* Opcode: InitCoroutine P1 P2 P3 * *
**
** Set up register P1 so that it will OP_Yield to the co-routine
** located at address P3.
**
** If P2!=0 then the co-routine implementation immediately follows
** this opcode.  So jump over the co-routine implementation to
** address P2.


*/
case OP_InitCoroutine: {     /* jump */
  assert( pOp->p1>0 &&  pOp->p1<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  assert( pOp->p2>=0 && pOp->p2<p->nOp );
  assert( pOp->p3>=0 && pOp->p3<p->nOp );
  pOut = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  assert( !VdbeMemDynamic(pOut) );
................................................................................
  pOut->flags = MEM_Int;
  if( pOp->p2 ) pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  break;
}

/* Opcode:  EndCoroutine P1 * * * *
**
** The instruction at the address in register P1 is an OP_Yield.
** Jump to the P2 parameter of that OP_Yield.
** After the jump, register P1 becomes undefined.


*/
case OP_EndCoroutine: {           /* in1 */
  VdbeOp *pCaller;
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  assert( pIn1->flags==MEM_Int );
  assert( pIn1->u.i>=0 && pIn1->u.i<p->nOp );
  pCaller = &aOp[pIn1->u.i];
................................................................................
  pc = pCaller->p2 - 1;
  pIn1->flags = MEM_Undefined;
  break;
}

/* Opcode:  Yield P1 P2 * * *
**
** Swap the program counter with the value in register P1.

**
** If the co-routine ends with OP_Yield or OP_Return then continue




** to the next instruction.  But if the co-routine ends with
** OP_EndCoroutine, jump immediately to P2.


*/
case OP_Yield: {            /* in1, jump */
  int pcDest;
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  assert( VdbeMemDynamic(pIn1)==0 );
  pIn1->flags = MEM_Int;
  pcDest = (int)pIn1->u.i;
................................................................................
}
#endif

/* Opcode: String8 * P2 * P4 *
** Synopsis: r[P2]='P4'
**
** P4 points to a nul terminated UTF-8 string. This opcode is transformed 
** into an OP_String before it is executed for the first time.  During
** this transformation, the length of string P4 is computed and stored
** as the P1 parameter.
*/
case OP_String8: {         /* same as TK_STRING, out2-prerelease */
  assert( pOp->p4.z!=0 );
  pOp->opcode = OP_String;
  pOp->p1 = sqlite3Strlen30(pOp->p4.z);
................................................................................
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetInt64(pOut, ~sqlite3VdbeIntValue(pIn1));
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Once P1 P2 * * *
**
** Check if OP_Once flag P1 is set. If so, jump to instruction P2. Otherwise,
** set the flag and fall through to the next instruction.  In other words,
** this opcode causes all following opcodes up through P2 (but not including
** P2) to run just once and to be skipped on subsequent times through the loop.




*/
case OP_Once: {             /* jump */
  assert( pOp->p1<p->nOnceFlag );
  VdbeBranchTaken(p->aOnceFlag[pOp->p1]!=0, 2);
  if( p->aOnceFlag[pOp->p1] ){
    pc = pOp->p2-1;
  }else{
................................................................................
  break;
}

/* Opcode: If P1 P2 P3 * *
**
** Jump to P2 if the value in register P1 is true.  The value
** is considered true if it is numeric and non-zero.  If the value
** in P1 is NULL then take the jump if P3 is non-zero.
*/
/* Opcode: IfNot P1 P2 P3 * *
**
** Jump to P2 if the value in register P1 is False.  The value
** is considered false if it has a numeric value of zero.  If the value
** in P1 is NULL then take the jump if P3 is zero.
*/
case OP_If:                 /* jump, in1 */
case OP_IfNot: {            /* jump, in1 */
  int c;
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  if( pIn1->flags & MEM_Null ){
    c = pOp->p3;
................................................................................
  Btree *pBt;
  int iMeta;
  int iGen;

  assert( p->bIsReader );
  assert( p->readOnly==0 || pOp->p2==0 );
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<db->nDb );
  assert( (p->btreeMask & (((yDbMask)1)<<pOp->p1))!=0 );
  if( pOp->p2 && (db->flags & SQLITE_QueryOnly)!=0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_READONLY;
    goto abort_due_to_error;
  }
  pBt = db->aDb[pOp->p1].pBt;

  if( pBt ){
................................................................................

  assert( p->bIsReader );
  iDb = pOp->p1;
  iCookie = pOp->p3;
  assert( pOp->p3<SQLITE_N_BTREE_META );
  assert( iDb>=0 && iDb<db->nDb );
  assert( db->aDb[iDb].pBt!=0 );
  assert( (p->btreeMask & (((yDbMask)1)<<iDb))!=0 );

  sqlite3BtreeGetMeta(db->aDb[iDb].pBt, iCookie, (u32 *)&iMeta);
  pOut->u.i = iMeta;
  break;
}

/* Opcode: SetCookie P1 P2 P3 * *
................................................................................
**
** A transaction must be started before executing this opcode.
*/
case OP_SetCookie: {       /* in3 */
  Db *pDb;
  assert( pOp->p2<SQLITE_N_BTREE_META );
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<db->nDb );
  assert( (p->btreeMask & (((yDbMask)1)<<pOp->p1))!=0 );
  assert( p->readOnly==0 );
  pDb = &db->aDb[pOp->p1];
  assert( pDb->pBt!=0 );
  assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, pOp->p1, 0) );
  pIn3 = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  sqlite3VdbeMemIntegerify(pIn3);
  /* See note about index shifting on OP_ReadCookie */
................................................................................
**
** The P4 value may be either an integer (P4_INT32) or a pointer to
** a KeyInfo structure (P4_KEYINFO). If it is a pointer to a KeyInfo 
** structure, then said structure defines the content and collating 
** sequence of the index being opened. Otherwise, if P4 is an integer 
** value, it is set to the number of columns in the table.
**
** See also OpenWrite.














*/
/* Opcode: OpenWrite P1 P2 P3 P4 P5
** Synopsis: root=P2 iDb=P3
**
** Open a read/write cursor named P1 on the table or index whose root
** page is P2.  Or if P5!=0 use the content of register P2 to find the
** root page.
................................................................................
**
** This instruction works just like OpenRead except that it opens the cursor
** in read/write mode.  For a given table, there can be one or more read-only
** cursors or a single read/write cursor but not both.
**
** See also OpenRead.
*/













case OP_OpenRead:
case OP_OpenWrite: {
  int nField;
  KeyInfo *pKeyInfo;
  int p2;
  int iDb;
  int wrFlag;
................................................................................
  Btree *pX;
  VdbeCursor *pCur;
  Db *pDb;

  assert( (pOp->p5&(OPFLAG_P2ISREG|OPFLAG_BULKCSR))==pOp->p5 );
  assert( pOp->opcode==OP_OpenWrite || pOp->p5==0 );
  assert( p->bIsReader );
  assert( pOp->opcode==OP_OpenRead || p->readOnly==0 );


  if( p->expired ){
    rc = SQLITE_ABORT;
    break;
  }

  nField = 0;
  pKeyInfo = 0;
  p2 = pOp->p2;
  iDb = pOp->p3;
  assert( iDb>=0 && iDb<db->nDb );
  assert( (p->btreeMask & (((yDbMask)1)<<iDb))!=0 );
  pDb = &db->aDb[iDb];
  pX = pDb->pBt;
  assert( pX!=0 );
  if( pOp->opcode==OP_OpenWrite ){
    wrFlag = 1;
    assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, iDb, 0) );
    if( pDb->pSchema->file_format < p->minWriteFileFormat ){
................................................................................
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 );
  assert( nField>=0 );
  testcase( nField==0 );  /* Table with INTEGER PRIMARY KEY and nothing else */
  pCur = allocateCursor(p, pOp->p1, nField, iDb, 1);
  if( pCur==0 ) goto no_mem;
  pCur->nullRow = 1;
  pCur->isOrdered = 1;

  rc = sqlite3BtreeCursor(pX, p2, wrFlag, pKeyInfo, pCur->pCursor);
  pCur->pKeyInfo = pKeyInfo;
  assert( OPFLAG_BULKCSR==BTREE_BULKLOAD );
  sqlite3BtreeCursorHints(pCur->pCursor, (pOp->p5 & OPFLAG_BULKCSR));

  /* Since it performs no memory allocation or IO, the only value that
  ** sqlite3BtreeCursor() may return is SQLITE_OK. */
................................................................................
case OP_Close: {
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  sqlite3VdbeFreeCursor(p, p->apCsr[pOp->p1]);
  p->apCsr[pOp->p1] = 0;
  break;
}

/* Opcode: SeekGe P1 P2 P3 P4 *
** Synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]
**
** If cursor P1 refers to an SQL table (B-Tree that uses integer keys), 
** use the value in register P3 as the key.  If cursor P1 refers 
** to an SQL index, then P3 is the first in an array of P4 registers 
** that are used as an unpacked index key. 
**
** Reposition cursor P1 so that  it points to the smallest entry that 
** is greater than or equal to the key value. If there are no records 
** greater than or equal to the key and P2 is not zero, then jump to P2.




**
** See also: Found, NotFound, SeekLt, SeekGt, SeekLe
*/
/* Opcode: SeekGt P1 P2 P3 P4 *
** Synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]
**
** If cursor P1 refers to an SQL table (B-Tree that uses integer keys), 
** use the value in register P3 as a key. If cursor P1 refers 
** to an SQL index, then P3 is the first in an array of P4 registers 
** that are used as an unpacked index key. 
**
** Reposition cursor P1 so that  it points to the smallest entry that 
** is greater than the key value. If there are no records greater than 
** the key and P2 is not zero, then jump to P2.




**
** See also: Found, NotFound, SeekLt, SeekGe, SeekLe
*/
/* Opcode: SeekLt P1 P2 P3 P4 * 
** Synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]
**
** If cursor P1 refers to an SQL table (B-Tree that uses integer keys), 
** use the value in register P3 as a key. If cursor P1 refers 
** to an SQL index, then P3 is the first in an array of P4 registers 
** that are used as an unpacked index key. 
**
** Reposition cursor P1 so that  it points to the largest entry that 
** is less than the key value. If there are no records less than 
** the key and P2 is not zero, then jump to P2.




**
** See also: Found, NotFound, SeekGt, SeekGe, SeekLe
*/
/* Opcode: SeekLe P1 P2 P3 P4 *
** Synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]
**
** If cursor P1 refers to an SQL table (B-Tree that uses integer keys), 
** use the value in register P3 as a key. If cursor P1 refers 
** to an SQL index, then P3 is the first in an array of P4 registers 
** that are used as an unpacked index key. 
**
** Reposition cursor P1 so that it points to the largest entry that 
** is less than or equal to the key value. If there are no records 
** less than or equal to the key and P2 is not zero, then jump to P2.




**
** See also: Found, NotFound, SeekGt, SeekGe, SeekLt
*/
case OP_SeekLT:         /* jump, in3 */
case OP_SeekLE:         /* jump, in3 */
case OP_SeekGE:         /* jump, in3 */
case OP_SeekGT: {       /* jump, in3 */
................................................................................
  assert( OP_SeekLE == OP_SeekLT+1 );
  assert( OP_SeekGE == OP_SeekLT+2 );
  assert( OP_SeekGT == OP_SeekLT+3 );
  assert( pC->isOrdered );
  assert( pC->pCursor!=0 );
  oc = pOp->opcode;
  pC->nullRow = 0;



  if( pC->isTable ){
    /* The input value in P3 might be of any type: integer, real, string,
    ** blob, or NULL.  But it needs to be an integer before we can do
    ** the seek, so covert it. */
    pIn3 = &aMem[pOp->p3];
    applyNumericAffinity(pIn3);
    iKey = sqlite3VdbeIntValue(pIn3);
    pC->rowidIsValid = 0;

    /* If the P3 value could not be converted into an integer without
    ** loss of information, then special processing is required... */
    if( (pIn3->flags & MEM_Int)==0 ){
      if( (pIn3->flags & MEM_Real)==0 ){
................................................................................
** If P4==0 then register P3 holds a blob constructed by MakeRecord.  If
** P4>0 then register P3 is the first of P4 registers that form an unpacked
** record.
**
** Cursor P1 is on an index btree.  If the record identified by P3 and P4
** is a prefix of any entry in P1 then a jump is made to P2 and
** P1 is left pointing at the matching entry.




**
** See also: NotFound, NoConflict, NotExists. SeekGe
*/
/* Opcode: NotFound P1 P2 P3 P4 *
** Synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]
**
** If P4==0 then register P3 holds a blob constructed by MakeRecord.  If
................................................................................
** record.
** 
** Cursor P1 is on an index btree.  If the record identified by P3 and P4
** is not the prefix of any entry in P1 then a jump is made to P2.  If P1 
** does contain an entry whose prefix matches the P3/P4 record then control
** falls through to the next instruction and P1 is left pointing at the
** matching entry.




**
** See also: Found, NotExists, NoConflict
*/
/* Opcode: NoConflict P1 P2 P3 P4 *
** Synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]
**
** If P4==0 then register P3 holds a blob constructed by MakeRecord.  If
................................................................................
** record are not-NULL then a check is done to determine if any row in the
** P1 index btree has a matching key prefix.  If there are no matches, jump
** immediately to P2.  If there is a match, fall through and leave the P1
** cursor pointing to the matching row.
**
** This opcode is similar to OP_NotFound with the exceptions that the
** branch is always taken if any part of the search key input is NULL.




**
** See also: NotFound, Found, NotExists
*/
case OP_NoConflict:     /* jump, in3 */
case OP_NotFound:       /* jump, in3 */
case OP_Found: {        /* jump, in3 */
  int alreadyExists;
................................................................................
  if( pOp->opcode!=OP_NoConflict ) sqlite3_found_count++;
#endif

  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_INT32 );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );



  pIn3 = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  assert( pC->pCursor!=0 );
  assert( pC->isTable==0 );
  pFree = 0;  /* Not needed.  Only used to suppress a compiler warning. */
  if( pOp->p4.i>0 ){
    r.pKeyInfo = pC->pKeyInfo;
    r.nField = (u16)pOp->p4.i;
................................................................................
** keys).  P3 is an integer rowid.  If P1 does not contain a record with
** rowid P3 then jump immediately to P2.  If P1 does contain a record
** with rowid P3 then leave the cursor pointing at that record and fall
** through to the next instruction.
**
** The OP_NotFound opcode performs the same operation on index btrees
** (with arbitrary multi-value keys).




**
** See also: Found, NotFound, NoConflict
*/
case OP_NotExists: {        /* jump, in3 */
  VdbeCursor *pC;
  BtCursor *pCrsr;
  int res;
................................................................................
  u64 iKey;

  pIn3 = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  assert( pIn3->flags & MEM_Int );
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );



  assert( pC->isTable );
  assert( pC->pseudoTableReg==0 );
  pCrsr = pC->pCursor;
  assert( pCrsr!=0 );
  res = 0;
  iKey = pIn3->u.i;
  rc = sqlite3BtreeMovetoUnpacked(pCrsr, 0, iKey, 0, &res);
................................................................................
/* Opcode: Delete P1 P2 * P4 *
**
** Delete the record at which the P1 cursor is currently pointing.
**
** The cursor will be left pointing at either the next or the previous
** record in the table. If it is left pointing at the next record, then
** the next Next instruction will be a no-op.  Hence it is OK to delete
** a record from within an Next loop.
**
** If the OPFLAG_NCHANGE flag of P2 is set, then the row change count is
** incremented (otherwise not).
**
** P1 must not be pseudo-table.  It has to be a real table with
** multiple rows.
**
................................................................................
case OP_ResetCount: {
  sqlite3VdbeSetChanges(db, p->nChange);
  p->nChange = 0;
  break;
}

/* Opcode: SorterCompare P1 P2 P3 P4
** Synopsis:  if key(P1)!=rtrim(r[P3],P4) goto P2
**
** P1 is a sorter cursor. This instruction compares a prefix of the
** the record blob in register P3 against a prefix of the entry that 
** the sorter cursor currently points to.  The final P4 fields of both
** the P3 and sorter record are ignored.
**
** If either P3 or the sorter contains a NULL in one of their significant
** fields (not counting the P4 fields at the end which are ignored) then
** the comparison is assumed to be equal.
**
** Fall through to next instruction if the two records compare equal to
** each other.  Jump to P2 if they are different.
*/
case OP_SorterCompare: {
  VdbeCursor *pC;
  int res;
  int nIgnore;

  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( isSorter(pC) );
  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_INT32 );
  pIn3 = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  nIgnore = pOp->p4.i;
  rc = sqlite3VdbeSorterCompare(pC, pIn3, nIgnore, &res);
  VdbeBranchTaken(res!=0,2);
  if( res ){
    pc = pOp->p2-1;
  }
  break;
};

................................................................................
    sqlite3BtreeClearCursor(pC->pCursor);
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Last P1 P2 * * *
**
** The next use of the Rowid or Column or Next instruction for P1 
** will refer to the last entry in the database table or index.
** If the table or index is empty and P2>0, then jump immediately to P2.
** If P2 is 0 or if the table or index is not empty, fall through
** to the following instruction.




*/
case OP_Last: {        /* jump */
  VdbeCursor *pC;
  BtCursor *pCrsr;
  int res;

  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
................................................................................
  res = 0;
  assert( pCrsr!=0 );
  rc = sqlite3BtreeLast(pCrsr, &res);
  pC->nullRow = (u8)res;
  pC->deferredMoveto = 0;
  pC->rowidIsValid = 0;
  pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;



  if( pOp->p2>0 ){
    VdbeBranchTaken(res!=0,2);
    if( res ) pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  }
  break;
}

................................................................................
/* Opcode: Rewind P1 P2 * * *
**
** The next use of the Rowid or Column or Next instruction for P1 
** will refer to the first entry in the database table or index.
** If the table or index is empty and P2>0, then jump immediately to P2.
** If P2 is 0 or if the table or index is not empty, fall through
** to the following instruction.




*/
case OP_Rewind: {        /* jump */
  VdbeCursor *pC;
  BtCursor *pCrsr;
  int res;

  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  assert( isSorter(pC)==(pOp->opcode==OP_SorterSort) );
  res = 1;



  if( isSorter(pC) ){
    rc = sqlite3VdbeSorterRewind(db, pC, &res);
  }else{
    pCrsr = pC->pCursor;
    assert( pCrsr );
    rc = sqlite3BtreeFirst(pCrsr, &res);
    pC->deferredMoveto = 0;
................................................................................

/* Opcode: Next P1 P2 P3 P4 P5
**
** Advance cursor P1 so that it points to the next key/data pair in its
** table or index.  If there are no more key/value pairs then fall through
** to the following instruction.  But if the cursor advance was successful,
** jump immediately to P2.




**
** The P1 cursor must be for a real table, not a pseudo-table.  P1 must have
** been opened prior to this opcode or the program will segfault.
**
** The P3 value is a hint to the btree implementation. If P3==1, that
** means P1 is an SQL index and that this instruction could have been
** omitted if that index had been unique.  P3 is usually 0.  P3 is
................................................................................
** If P5 is positive and the jump is taken, then event counter
** number P5-1 in the prepared statement is incremented.
**
** See also: Prev, NextIfOpen
*/
/* Opcode: NextIfOpen P1 P2 P3 P4 P5
**
** This opcode works just like OP_Next except that if cursor P1 is not
** open it behaves a no-op.
*/
/* Opcode: Prev P1 P2 P3 P4 P5
**
** Back up cursor P1 so that it points to the previous key/data pair in its
** table or index.  If there is no previous key/value pairs then fall through
** to the following instruction.  But if the cursor backup was successful,
** jump immediately to P2.
**





** The P1 cursor must be for a real table, not a pseudo-table.  If P1 is
** not open then the behavior is undefined.
**
** The P3 value is a hint to the btree implementation. If P3==1, that
** means P1 is an SQL index and that this instruction could have been
** omitted if that index had been unique.  P3 is usually 0.  P3 is
** always either 0 or 1.
................................................................................
** sqlite3BtreePrevious().
**
** If P5 is positive and the jump is taken, then event counter
** number P5-1 in the prepared statement is incremented.
*/
/* Opcode: PrevIfOpen P1 P2 P3 P4 P5
**
** This opcode works just like OP_Prev except that if cursor P1 is not
** open it behaves a no-op.
*/
case OP_SorterNext: {  /* jump */
  VdbeCursor *pC;
  int res;

  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
................................................................................
  assert( pC->pCursor );
  assert( res==0 || (res==1 && pC->isTable==0) );
  testcase( res==1 );
  assert( pOp->opcode!=OP_Next || pOp->p4.xAdvance==sqlite3BtreeNext );
  assert( pOp->opcode!=OP_Prev || pOp->p4.xAdvance==sqlite3BtreePrevious );
  assert( pOp->opcode!=OP_NextIfOpen || pOp->p4.xAdvance==sqlite3BtreeNext );
  assert( pOp->opcode!=OP_PrevIfOpen || pOp->p4.xAdvance==sqlite3BtreePrevious);










  rc = pOp->p4.xAdvance(pC->pCursor, &res);
next_tail:
  pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
  VdbeBranchTaken(res==0,2);
  if( res==0 ){
    pC->nullRow = 0;
    pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
................................................................................
  pOut->flags = MEM_Null;
  if( iCnt>1 ){
    rc = SQLITE_LOCKED;
    p->errorAction = OE_Abort;
  }else{
    iDb = pOp->p3;
    assert( iCnt==1 );
    assert( (p->btreeMask & (((yDbMask)1)<<iDb))!=0 );
    iMoved = 0;  /* Not needed.  Only to silence a warning. */
    rc = sqlite3BtreeDropTable(db->aDb[iDb].pBt, pOp->p1, &iMoved);
    pOut->flags = MEM_Int;
    pOut->u.i = iMoved;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && iMoved!=0 ){
      sqlite3RootPageMoved(db, iDb, iMoved, pOp->p1);
................................................................................
** See also: Destroy
*/
case OP_Clear: {
  int nChange;
 
  nChange = 0;
  assert( p->readOnly==0 );
  assert( (p->btreeMask & (((yDbMask)1)<<pOp->p2))!=0 );
  rc = sqlite3BtreeClearTable(
      db->aDb[pOp->p2].pBt, pOp->p1, (pOp->p3 ? &nChange : 0)
  );
  if( pOp->p3 ){
    p->nChange += nChange;
    if( pOp->p3>0 ){
      assert( memIsValid(&aMem[pOp->p3]) );
................................................................................
case OP_CreateTable: {          /* out2-prerelease */
  int pgno;
  int flags;
  Db *pDb;

  pgno = 0;
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<db->nDb );
  assert( (p->btreeMask & (((yDbMask)1)<<pOp->p1))!=0 );
  assert( p->readOnly==0 );
  pDb = &db->aDb[pOp->p1];
  assert( pDb->pBt!=0 );
  if( pOp->opcode==OP_CreateTable ){
    /* flags = BTREE_INTKEY; */
    flags = BTREE_INTKEY;
  }else{
................................................................................
}
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_ANALYZE) */

/* Opcode: DropTable P1 * * P4 *
**
** Remove the internal (in-memory) data structures that describe
** the table named P4 in database P1.  This is called after a table

** is dropped in order to keep the internal representation of the
** schema consistent with what is on disk.
*/
case OP_DropTable: {
  sqlite3UnlinkAndDeleteTable(db, pOp->p1, pOp->p4.z);
  break;
}

/* Opcode: DropIndex P1 * * P4 *
**
** Remove the internal (in-memory) data structures that describe
** the index named P4 in database P1.  This is called after an index

** is dropped in order to keep the internal representation of the
** schema consistent with what is on disk.
*/
case OP_DropIndex: {
  sqlite3UnlinkAndDeleteIndex(db, pOp->p1, pOp->p4.z);
  break;
}

/* Opcode: DropTrigger P1 * * P4 *
**
** Remove the internal (in-memory) data structures that describe
** the trigger named P4 in database P1.  This is called after a trigger

** is dropped in order to keep the internal representation of the
** schema consistent with what is on disk.
*/
case OP_DropTrigger: {
  sqlite3UnlinkAndDeleteTrigger(db, pOp->p1, pOp->p4.z);
  break;
}

................................................................................
  assert( (pnErr->flags & (MEM_Str|MEM_Blob))==0 );
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  for(j=0; j<nRoot; j++){
    aRoot[j] = (int)sqlite3VdbeIntValue(&pIn1[j]);
  }
  aRoot[j] = 0;
  assert( pOp->p5<db->nDb );
  assert( (p->btreeMask & (((yDbMask)1)<<pOp->p5))!=0 );
  z = sqlite3BtreeIntegrityCheck(db->aDb[pOp->p5].pBt, aRoot, nRoot,
                                 (int)pnErr->u.i, &nErr);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, aRoot);
  pnErr->u.i -= nErr;
  sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull(pIn1);
  if( nErr==0 ){
    assert( z==0 );
................................................................................
  VdbeBranchTaken( pIn1->u.i>0, 2);
  if( pIn1->u.i>0 ){
     pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: IfNeg P1 P2 * * *
** Synopsis: if r[P1]<0 goto P2
**

** If the value of register P1 is less than zero, jump to P2. 
**
** It is illegal to use this instruction on a register that does
** not contain an integer.  An assertion fault will result if you try.
*/
case OP_IfNeg: {        /* jump, in1 */
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  assert( pIn1->flags&MEM_Int );

  VdbeBranchTaken(pIn1->u.i<0, 2);
  if( pIn1->u.i<0 ){
     pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: IfZero P1 P2 P3 * *
** Synopsis: r[P1]+=P3, if r[P1]==0 goto P2
**
** The register P1 must contain an integer.  Add literal P3 to the
** value in register P1.  If the result is exactly 0, jump to P2. 
**
** It is illegal to use this instruction on a register that does
** not contain an integer.  An assertion fault will result if you try.
*/
case OP_IfZero: {        /* jump, in1 */
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  assert( pIn1->flags&MEM_Int );
  pIn1->u.i += pOp->p3;
  VdbeBranchTaken(pIn1->u.i==0, 2);
  if( pIn1->u.i==0 ){
................................................................................
** the P1 database. If the vacuum has finished, jump to instruction
** P2. Otherwise, fall through to the next instruction.
*/
case OP_IncrVacuum: {        /* jump */
  Btree *pBt;

  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<db->nDb );
  assert( (p->btreeMask & (((yDbMask)1)<<pOp->p1))!=0 );
  assert( p->readOnly==0 );
  pBt = db->aDb[pOp->p1].pBt;
  rc = sqlite3BtreeIncrVacuum(pBt);
  VdbeBranchTaken(rc==SQLITE_DONE,2);
  if( rc==SQLITE_DONE ){
    pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
................................................................................
  }
  break;
}
#endif

/* Opcode: Expire P1 * * * *
**
** Cause precompiled statements to become expired. An expired statement
** fails with an error code of SQLITE_SCHEMA if it is ever executed 
** (via sqlite3_step()).

** 
** If P1 is 0, then all SQL statements become expired. If P1 is non-zero,
** then only the currently executing statement is affected. 
*/
case OP_Expire: {
  if( !pOp->p1 ){
    sqlite3ExpirePreparedStatements(db);
  }else{
    p->expired = 1;
  }
................................................................................
** used to generate an error message if the lock cannot be obtained.
*/
case OP_TableLock: {
  u8 isWriteLock = (u8)pOp->p3;
  if( isWriteLock || 0==(db->flags&SQLITE_ReadUncommitted) ){
    int p1 = pOp->p1; 
    assert( p1>=0 && p1<db->nDb );
    assert( (p->btreeMask & (((yDbMask)1)<<p1))!=0 );
    assert( isWriteLock==0 || isWriteLock==1 );
    rc = sqlite3BtreeLockTable(db->aDb[p1].pBt, pOp->p2, isWriteLock);
    if( (rc&0xFF)==SQLITE_LOCKED ){
      const char *z = pOp->p4.z;
      sqlite3SetString(&p->zErrMsg, db, "database table is locked: %s", z);
    }
  }
................................................................................
    sqlite3DbFree(db, z);
  }
#ifdef SQLITE_USE_FCNTL_TRACE
  zTrace = (pOp->p4.z ? pOp->p4.z : p->zSql);
  if( zTrace ){
    int i;
    for(i=0; i<db->nDb; i++){
      if( (MASKBIT(i) & p->btreeMask)==0 ) continue;
      sqlite3_file_control(db, db->aDb[i].zName, SQLITE_FCNTL_TRACE, zTrace);
    }
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_USE_FCNTL_TRACE */
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  if( (db->flags & SQLITE_SqlTrace)!=0
   && (zTrace = (pOp->p4.z ? pOp->p4.z : p->zSql))!=0
................................................................................
** be less than key2. Even if key2 also contains NULL values.
**
** If pKey2 is passed a NULL pointer, then it is assumed that the pCsr->aSpace
** has been allocated and contains an unpacked record that is used as key2.
*/
static void vdbeSorterCompare(
  const VdbeCursor *pCsr,         /* Cursor object (for pKeyInfo) */
  int nIgnore,                    /* Ignore the last nIgnore fields */
  const void *pKey1, int nKey1,   /* Left side of comparison */
  const void *pKey2, int nKey2,   /* Right side of comparison */
  int *pRes                       /* OUT: Result of comparison */
){
  KeyInfo *pKeyInfo = pCsr->pKeyInfo;
  VdbeSorter *pSorter = pCsr->pSorter;
  UnpackedRecord *r2 = pSorter->pUnpacked;
  int i;

  if( pKey2 ){
    sqlite3VdbeRecordUnpack(pKeyInfo, nKey2, pKey2, r2);
  }

  if( nIgnore ){
    r2->nField = pKeyInfo->nField - nIgnore;
    assert( r2->nField>0 );
    for(i=0; i<r2->nField; i++){
      if( r2->aMem[i].flags & MEM_Null ){
        *pRes = -1;
        return;
      }
    }
    assert( r2->default_rc==0 );
  }
................................................................................
** Otherwise, set *pRes to a negative, zero or positive value if the
** key in pVal is smaller than, equal to or larger than the current sorter
** key.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeSorterCompare(
  const VdbeCursor *pCsr,         /* Sorter cursor */
  Mem *pVal,                      /* Value to compare to current sorter key */
  int nIgnore,                    /* Ignore this many fields at the end */
  int *pRes                       /* OUT: Result of comparison */
){
  VdbeSorter *pSorter = pCsr->pSorter;
  void *pKey; int nKey;           /* Sorter key to compare pVal with */

  pKey = vdbeSorterRowkey(pSorter, &nKey);
  vdbeSorterCompare(pCsr, nIgnore, pVal->z, pVal->n, pKey, nKey, pRes);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/************** End of vdbesort.c ********************************************/
/************** Begin file journal.c *****************************************/
/*
** 2007 August 22
................................................................................
            if( iCol==pTab->iPKey ){
              iCol = -1;
            }
            break;
          }
        }
        if( iCol>=pTab->nCol && sqlite3IsRowid(zCol) && HasRowid(pTab) ){
          /* IMP: R-24309-18625 */
          /* IMP: R-44911-55124 */
          iCol = -1;
        }
        if( iCol<pTab->nCol ){
          cnt++;
          if( iCol<0 ){
            pExpr->affinity = SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER;
................................................................................
                                      "constant between 0.0 and 1.0");
              pNC->nErr++;
            }
          }else{
            /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-61304-29449 The unlikely(X) function is equivalent to
            ** likelihood(X, 0.0625).
            ** EVIDENCE-OF: R-01283-11636 The unlikely(X) function is short-hand for
            ** likelihood(X,0.0625). */
            pExpr->iTable = 62;  /* TUNING:  Default 2nd arg to unlikely() is 0.0625 */





          }             
        }
      }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
      if( pDef ){
        auth = sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_FUNCTION, 0, pDef->zName, 0);
        if( auth!=SQLITE_OK ){
................................................................................
** SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a;
** SELECT a AS b FROM t1 WHERE b;
** SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE (select a from t1);
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE char sqlite3ExprAffinity(Expr *pExpr){
  int op;
  pExpr = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pExpr);
  if( pExpr->flags & EP_Generic ) return SQLITE_AFF_NONE;
  op = pExpr->op;
  if( op==TK_SELECT ){
    assert( pExpr->flags&EP_xIsSelect );
    return sqlite3ExprAffinity(pExpr->x.pSelect->pEList->a[0].pExpr);
  }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CAST
  if( op==TK_CAST ){
................................................................................
  if( op==TK_REGISTER ) op = p->op2;
  switch( op ){
    case TK_INTEGER:
    case TK_STRING:
    case TK_FLOAT:
    case TK_BLOB:
      return 0;



    default:
      return 1;
  }
}

/*
** Return TRUE if the given expression is a constant which would be
................................................................................
** address of the new instruction.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3CodeOnce(Parse *pParse){
  Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);      /* Virtual machine being coded */
  return sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Once, pParse->nOnce++);
}



































/*
** This function is used by the implementation of the IN (...) operator.
** The pX parameter is the expression on the RHS of the IN operator, which
** might be either a list of expressions or a subquery.
**
** The job of this routine is to find or create a b-tree object that can
** be used either to test for membership in the RHS set or to iterate through
** all members of the RHS set, skipping duplicates.
**
** A cursor is opened on the b-tree object that the RHS of the IN operator
** and pX->iTable is set to the index of that cursor.
**
** The returned value of this function indicates the b-tree type, as follows:
**
**   IN_INDEX_ROWID      - The cursor was opened on a database table.
**   IN_INDEX_INDEX_ASC  - The cursor was opened on an ascending index.
**   IN_INDEX_INDEX_DESC - The cursor was opened on a descending index.
**   IN_INDEX_EPH        - The cursor was opened on a specially created and
**                         populated epheremal table.


**
** An existing b-tree might be used if the RHS expression pX is a simple
** subquery such as:
**
**     SELECT <column> FROM <table>
**
** If the RHS of the IN operator is a list or a more complex subquery, then
** an ephemeral table might need to be generated from the RHS and then
** pX->iTable made to point to the ephermeral table instead of an
** existing table.  
**







** If the prNotFound parameter is 0, then the b-tree will be used to iterate
** through the set members, skipping any duplicates. In this case an
** epheremal table must be used unless the selected <column> is guaranteed
** to be unique - either because it is an INTEGER PRIMARY KEY or it
** has a UNIQUE constraint or UNIQUE index.
**
** If the prNotFound parameter is not 0, then the b-tree will be used 
** for fast set membership tests. In this case an epheremal table must 
** be used unless <column> is an INTEGER PRIMARY KEY or an index can 
** be found with <column> as its left-most column.
**







** When the b-tree is being used for membership tests, the calling function
** needs to know whether or not the structure contains an SQL NULL 
** value in order to correctly evaluate expressions like "X IN (Y, Z)".

** If there is any chance that the (...) might contain a NULL value at
** runtime, then a register is allocated and the register number written
** to *prNotFound. If there is no chance that the (...) contains a
** NULL value, then *prNotFound is left unchanged.
**
** If a register is allocated and its location stored in *prNotFound, then
** its initial value is NULL.  If the (...) does not remain constant
** for the duration of the query (i.e. the SELECT within the (...)
** is a correlated subquery) then the value of the allocated register is
** reset to NULL each time the subquery is rerun. This allows the
** caller to use vdbe code equivalent to the following:
**
**   if( register==NULL ){
**     has_null = <test if data structure contains null>
**     register = 1
**   }
**
** in order to avoid running the <test if data structure contains null>
** test more often than is necessary.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3FindInIndex(Parse *pParse, Expr *pX, int *prNotFound){
  Select *p;                            /* SELECT to the right of IN operator */
  int eType = 0;                        /* Type of RHS table. IN_INDEX_* */
  int iTab = pParse->nTab++;            /* Cursor of the RHS table */
  int mustBeUnique = (prNotFound==0);   /* True if RHS must be unique */
  Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);     /* Virtual machine being coded */

  assert( pX->op==TK_IN );


  /* Check to see if an existing table or index can be used to
  ** satisfy the query.  This is preferable to generating a new 
  ** ephemeral table.
  */
  p = (ExprHasProperty(pX, EP_xIsSelect) ? pX->x.pSelect : 0);
  if( ALWAYS(pParse->nErr==0) && isCandidateForInOpt(p) ){
................................................................................
      ** it is not, it is not possible to use any index.
      */
      int affinity_ok = sqlite3IndexAffinityOk(pX, pTab->aCol[iCol].affinity);

      for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx && eType==0 && affinity_ok; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
        if( (pIdx->aiColumn[0]==iCol)
         && sqlite3FindCollSeq(db, ENC(db), pIdx->azColl[0], 0)==pReq
         && (!mustBeUnique || (pIdx->nKeyCol==1 && pIdx->onError!=OE_None))
        ){
          int iAddr = sqlite3CodeOnce(pParse); VdbeCoverage(v);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenRead, iTab, pIdx->tnum, iDb);
          sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(pParse, pIdx);
          VdbeComment((v, "%s", pIdx->zName));
          assert( IN_INDEX_INDEX_DESC == IN_INDEX_INDEX_ASC+1 );
          eType = IN_INDEX_INDEX_ASC + pIdx->aSortOrder[0];

          if( prNotFound && !pTab->aCol[iCol].notNull ){
            *prNotFound = ++pParse->nMem;
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, *prNotFound);
          }
          sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, iAddr);
        }
      }
    }
  }

















  if( eType==0 ){
    /* Could not found an existing table or index to use as the RHS b-tree.
    ** We will have to generate an ephemeral table to do the job.
    */
    u32 savedNQueryLoop = pParse->nQueryLoop;
    int rMayHaveNull = 0;
    eType = IN_INDEX_EPH;
    if( prNotFound ){
      *prNotFound = rMayHaveNull = ++pParse->nMem;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, *prNotFound);
    }else{
      pParse->nQueryLoop = 0;
      if( pX->pLeft->iColumn<0 && !ExprHasProperty(pX, EP_xIsSelect) ){
        eType = IN_INDEX_ROWID;
      }


    }
    sqlite3CodeSubselect(pParse, pX, rMayHaveNull, eType==IN_INDEX_ROWID);
    pParse->nQueryLoop = savedNQueryLoop;
  }else{
    pX->iTable = iTab;
  }
  return eType;
................................................................................
** to be of the form "<rowid> IN (?, ?, ?)", where <rowid> is a reference
** to some integer key column of a table B-Tree. In this case, use an
** intkey B-Tree to store the set of IN(...) values instead of the usual
** (slower) variable length keys B-Tree.
**
** If rMayHaveNull is non-zero, that means that the operation is an IN
** (not a SELECT or EXISTS) and that the RHS might contains NULLs.
** Furthermore, the IN is in a WHERE clause and that we really want
** to iterate over the RHS of the IN operator in order to quickly locate
** all corresponding LHS elements.  All this routine does is initialize
** the register given by rMayHaveNull to NULL.  Calling routines will take
** care of changing this register value to non-NULL if the RHS is NULL-free.
**
** If rMayHaveNull is zero, that means that the subquery is being used
** for membership testing only.  There is no need to initialize any
** registers to indicate the presence or absence of NULLs on the RHS.
**
** For a SELECT or EXISTS operator, return the register that holds the
** result.  For IN operators or if an error occurs, the return value is 0.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3CodeSubselect(
  Parse *pParse,          /* Parsing context */
  Expr *pExpr,            /* The IN, SELECT, or EXISTS operator */
  int rMayHaveNull,       /* Register that records whether NULLs exist in RHS */
  int isRowid             /* If true, LHS of IN operator is a rowid */
){
  int testAddr = -1;                      /* One-time test address */
  int rReg = 0;                           /* Register storing resulting */
  Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( NEVER(v==0) ) return 0;
  sqlite3ExprCachePush(pParse);

  /* This code must be run in its entirety every time it is encountered
  ** if any of the following is true:
................................................................................
  **    *  The right-hand side is an expression list containing variables
  **    *  We are inside a trigger
  **
  ** If all of the above are false, then we can run this code just once
  ** save the results, and reuse the same result on subsequent invocations.
  */
  if( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_VarSelect) ){
    testAddr = sqlite3CodeOnce(pParse); VdbeCoverage(v);
  }

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
  if( pParse->explain==2 ){
    char *zMsg = sqlite3MPrintf(
        pParse->db, "EXECUTE %s%s SUBQUERY %d", testAddr>=0?"":"CORRELATED ",
        pExpr->op==TK_IN?"LIST":"SCALAR", pParse->iNextSelectId
    );
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Explain, pParse->iSelectId, 0, 0, zMsg, P4_DYNAMIC);
  }
#endif

  switch( pExpr->op ){
    case TK_IN: {
      char affinity;              /* Affinity of the LHS of the IN */
      int addr;                   /* Address of OP_OpenEphemeral instruction */
      Expr *pLeft = pExpr->pLeft; /* the LHS of the IN operator */
      KeyInfo *pKeyInfo = 0;      /* Key information */

      if( rMayHaveNull ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, rMayHaveNull);
      }

      affinity = sqlite3ExprAffinity(pLeft);

      /* Whether this is an 'x IN(SELECT...)' or an 'x IN(<exprlist>)'
      ** expression it is handled the same way.  An ephemeral table is 
      ** filled with single-field index keys representing the results
      ** from the SELECT or the <exprlist>.
      **
................................................................................

      if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
        /* Case 1:     expr IN (SELECT ...)
        **
        ** Generate code to write the results of the select into the temporary
        ** table allocated and opened above.
        */

        SelectDest dest;
        ExprList *pEList;

        assert( !isRowid );
        sqlite3SelectDestInit(&dest, SRT_Set, pExpr->iTable);
        dest.affSdst = (u8)affinity;
        assert( (pExpr->iTable&0x0000FFFF)==pExpr->iTable );
        pExpr->x.pSelect->iLimit = 0;


        testcase( pKeyInfo==0 ); /* Caused by OOM in sqlite3KeyInfoAlloc() */
        if( sqlite3Select(pParse, pExpr->x.pSelect, &dest) ){
          sqlite3KeyInfoUnref(pKeyInfo);
          return 0;
        }
        pEList = pExpr->x.pSelect->pEList;
        assert( pKeyInfo!=0 ); /* OOM will cause exit after sqlite3Select() */
        assert( pEList!=0 );
        assert( pEList->nExpr>0 );
        assert( sqlite3KeyInfoIsWriteable(pKeyInfo) );
        pKeyInfo->aColl[0] = sqlite3BinaryCompareCollSeq(pParse, pExpr->pLeft,
                                                         pEList->a[0].pExpr);
      }else if( ALWAYS(pExpr->x.pList!=0) ){
................................................................................
          assert( sqlite3KeyInfoIsWriteable(pKeyInfo) );
          pKeyInfo->aColl[0] = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pParse, pExpr->pLeft);
        }

        /* Loop through each expression in <exprlist>. */
        r1 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
        r2 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, r2);
        for(i=pList->nExpr, pItem=pList->a; i>0; i--, pItem++){
          Expr *pE2 = pItem->pExpr;
          int iValToIns;

          /* If the expression is not constant then we will need to
          ** disable the test that was generated above that makes sure
          ** this code only executes once.  Because for a non-constant
          ** expression we need to rerun this code each time.
          */
          if( testAddr>=0 && !sqlite3ExprIsConstant(pE2) ){
            sqlite3VdbeChangeToNoop(v, testAddr);
            testAddr = -1;
          }

          /* Evaluate the expression and insert it into the temp table */
          if( isRowid && sqlite3ExprIsInteger(pE2, &iValToIns) ){
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_InsertInt, pExpr->iTable, r2, iValToIns);
          }else{
            r3 = sqlite3ExprCodeTarget(pParse, pE2, r1);
................................................................................
      }
      rReg = dest.iSDParm;
      ExprSetVVAProperty(pExpr, EP_NoReduce);
      break;
    }
  }

  if( testAddr>=0 ){




    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, testAddr);
  }
  sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse);

  return rReg;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY */

................................................................................
**
** The left-hand side (LHS) is a scalar expression.  The right-hand side (RHS)
** is an array of zero or more values.  The expression is true if the LHS is
** contained within the RHS.  The value of the expression is unknown (NULL)
** if the LHS is NULL or if the LHS is not contained within the RHS and the
** RHS contains one or more NULL values.
**
** This routine generates code will jump to destIfFalse if the LHS is not 
** contained within the RHS.  If due to NULLs we cannot determine if the LHS
** is contained in the RHS then jump to destIfNull.  If the LHS is contained
** within the RHS then fall through.
*/
static void sqlite3ExprCodeIN(
  Parse *pParse,        /* Parsing and code generating context */
  Expr *pExpr,          /* The IN expression */
................................................................................

  /* Compute the RHS.   After this step, the table with cursor
  ** pExpr->iTable will contains the values that make up the RHS.
  */
  v = pParse->pVdbe;
  assert( v!=0 );       /* OOM detected prior to this routine */
  VdbeNoopComment((v, "begin IN expr"));
  eType = sqlite3FindInIndex(pParse, pExpr, &rRhsHasNull);



  /* Figure out the affinity to use to create a key from the results
  ** of the expression. affinityStr stores a static string suitable for
  ** P4 of OP_MakeRecord.
  */
  affinity = comparisonAffinity(pExpr);

  /* Code the LHS, the <expr> from "<expr> IN (...)".
  */
  sqlite3ExprCachePush(pParse);
  r1 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
  sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, r1);












































  /* If the LHS is NULL, then the result is either false or NULL depending
  ** on whether the RHS is empty or not, respectively.
  */

  if( destIfNull==destIfFalse ){
    /* Shortcut for the common case where the false and NULL outcomes are
    ** the same. */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, r1, destIfNull); VdbeCoverage(v);
  }else{
    int addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_NotNull, r1); VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, pExpr->iTable, destIfFalse);
    VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, destIfNull);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr1);
  }


  if( eType==IN_INDEX_ROWID ){
    /* In this case, the RHS is the ROWID of table b-tree
    */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_MustBeInt, r1, destIfFalse); VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, pExpr->iTable, destIfFalse, r1);
    VdbeCoverage(v);
  }else{
    /* In this case, the RHS is an index b-tree.
    */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Affinity, r1, 1, 0, &affinity, 1);

    /* If the set membership test fails, then the result of the 
    ** "x IN (...)" expression must be either 0 or NULL. If the set
    ** contains no NULL values, then the result is 0. If the set 
    ** contains one or more NULL values, then the result of the
    ** expression is also NULL.
    */

    if( rRhsHasNull==0 || destIfFalse==destIfNull ){
      /* This branch runs if it is known at compile time that the RHS
      ** cannot contain NULL values. This happens as the result
      ** of a "NOT NULL" constraint in the database schema.
      **
      ** Also run this branch if NULL is equivalent to FALSE
      ** for this particular IN operator.
      */
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_NotFound, pExpr->iTable, destIfFalse, r1, 1);
      VdbeCoverage(v);
    }else{
      /* In this branch, the RHS of the IN might contain a NULL and
      ** the presence of a NULL on the RHS makes a difference in the
      ** outcome.
      */
      int j1, j2;

      /* First check to see if the LHS is contained in the RHS.  If so,
      ** then the presence of NULLs in the RHS does not matter, so jump
      ** over all of the code that follows.



      */
      j1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_Found, pExpr->iTable, 0, r1, 1);
      VdbeCoverage(v);

      /* Here we begin generating code that runs if the LHS is not
      ** contained within the RHS.  Generate additional code that
      ** tests the RHS for NULLs.  If the RHS contains a NULL then
      ** jump to destIfNull.  If there are no NULLs in the RHS then
      ** jump to destIfFalse.
      */
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_If, rRhsHasNull, destIfNull); VdbeCoverage(v);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IfNot, rRhsHasNull, destIfFalse); VdbeCoverage(v);
      j2 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_Found, pExpr->iTable, 0, rRhsHasNull, 1);
      VdbeCoverage(v);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, rRhsHasNull);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, destIfFalse);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, j2);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 1, rRhsHasNull);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, destIfNull);

      /* The OP_Found at the top of this branch jumps here when true, 
      ** causing the overall IN expression evaluation to fall through.
      */
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, j1);
    }
  }
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r1);
  sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse);
  VdbeComment((v, "end IN expr"));
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY */
................................................................................
    if( negFlag ) i = -i;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, i, iMem);
  }else{
    int c;
    i64 value;
    const char *z = pExpr->u.zToken;
    assert( z!=0 );
    c = sqlite3Atoi64(z, &value, sqlite3Strlen30(z), SQLITE_UTF8);
    if( c==0 || (c==2 && negFlag) ){
      char *zV;
      if( negFlag ){ value = c==2 ? SMALLEST_INT64 : -value; }
      zV = dup8bytes(v, (char*)&value);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Int64, 0, iMem, 0, zV, P4_INT64);
    }else{
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "oversized integer: %s%s", negFlag ? "-" : "", z);
#else






      codeReal(v, z, negFlag, iMem);

#endif
    }
  }
}

/*
** Clear a cache entry.
................................................................................
      assert( TK_NOTNULL==OP_NotNull ); testcase( op==TK_NOTNULL );
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 1, target);
      r1 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, &regFree1);
      testcase( regFree1==0 );
      addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, op, r1);
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==TK_ISNULL);
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==TK_NOTNULL);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, target, -1);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);
      break;
    }
    case TK_AGG_FUNCTION: {
      AggInfo *pInfo = pExpr->pAggInfo;
      if( pInfo==0 ){
        assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) );
................................................................................
        pFarg = pExpr->x.pList;
      }
      nFarg = pFarg ? pFarg->nExpr : 0;
      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) );
      zId = pExpr->u.zToken;
      nId = sqlite3Strlen30(zId);
      pDef = sqlite3FindFunction(db, zId, nId, nFarg, enc, 0);
      if( pDef==0 ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "unknown function: %.*s()", nId, zId);
        break;
      }

      /* Attempt a direct implementation of the built-in COALESCE() and
      ** IFNULL() functions.  This avoids unnecessary evalation of
      ** arguments past the first non-NULL argument.
................................................................................
  }

  /* Open the sqlite_stat[134] tables for writing. */
  for(i=0; aTable[i].zCols; i++){
    assert( i<ArraySize(aTable) );
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_OpenWrite, iStatCur+i, aRoot[i], iDb, 3);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, aCreateTbl[i]);

  }
}

/*
** Recommended number of samples for sqlite_stat4
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_STAT4_SAMPLES
................................................................................
  int iCol;                       /* If !isPSample, the reason for inclusion */
  u32 iHash;                      /* Tiebreaker hash */
#endif
};                                                    
struct Stat4Accum {
  tRowcnt nRow;             /* Number of rows in the entire table */
  tRowcnt nPSample;         /* How often to do a periodic sample */
  int nCol;                 /* Number of columns in index + rowid */

  int mxSample;             /* Maximum number of samples to accumulate */
  Stat4Sample current;      /* Current row as a Stat4Sample */
  u32 iPrn;                 /* Pseudo-random number used for sampling */
  Stat4Sample *aBest;       /* Array of nCol best samples */
  int iMin;                 /* Index in a[] of entry with minimum score */
  int nSample;              /* Current number of samples */
  int iGet;                 /* Index of current sample accessed by stat_get() */
................................................................................
  for(i=0; i<p->mxSample; i++) sampleClear(p->db, p->a+i);
  sampleClear(p->db, &p->current);
#endif
  sqlite3DbFree(p->db, p);
}

/*
** Implementation of the stat_init(N,C) SQL function. The two parameters



** are the number of rows in the table or index (C) and the number of columns





** in the index (N).  The second argument (C) is only used for STAT3 and STAT4.





**
** This routine allocates the Stat4Accum object in heap memory. The return 
** value is a pointer to the the Stat4Accum object encoded as a blob (i.e. 
** the size of the blob is sizeof(void*) bytes). 
*/
static void statInit(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  Stat4Accum *p;
  int nCol;                       /* Number of columns in index being sampled */

  int nColUp;                     /* nCol rounded up for alignment */
  int n;                          /* Bytes of space to allocate */
  sqlite3 *db;                    /* Database connection */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  int mxSample = SQLITE_STAT4_SAMPLES;
#endif

  /* Decode the three function arguments */
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(argc);
  nCol = sqlite3_value_int(argv[0]);
  assert( nCol>1 );               /* >1 because it includes the rowid column */
  nColUp = sizeof(tRowcnt)<8 ? (nCol+1)&~1 : nCol;




  /* Allocate the space required for the Stat4Accum object */
  n = sizeof(*p) 
    + sizeof(tRowcnt)*nColUp                  /* Stat4Accum.anEq */
    + sizeof(tRowcnt)*nColUp                  /* Stat4Accum.anDLt */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
    + sizeof(tRowcnt)*nColUp                  /* Stat4Accum.anLt */
................................................................................
    sqlite3_result_error_nomem(context);
    return;
  }

  p->db = db;
  p->nRow = 0;
  p->nCol = nCol;

  p->current.anDLt = (tRowcnt*)&p[1];
  p->current.anEq = &p->current.anDLt[nColUp];

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  {
    u8 *pSpace;                     /* Allocated space not yet assigned */
    int i;                          /* Used to iterate through p->aSample[] */

    p->iGet = -1;
    p->mxSample = mxSample;
    p->nPSample = (tRowcnt)(sqlite3_value_int64(argv[1])/(mxSample/3+1) + 1);
    p->current.anLt = &p->current.anEq[nColUp];
    p->iPrn = nCol*0x689e962d ^ sqlite3_value_int(argv[1])*0xd0944565;
  
    /* Set up the Stat4Accum.a[] and aBest[] arrays */
    p->a = (struct Stat4Sample*)&p->current.anLt[nColUp];
    p->aBest = &p->a[mxSample];
    pSpace = (u8*)(&p->a[mxSample+nCol]);
    for(i=0; i<(mxSample+nCol); i++){
      p->a[i].anEq = (tRowcnt *)pSpace; pSpace += (sizeof(tRowcnt) * nColUp);
................................................................................
  }
#endif

  /* Return a pointer to the allocated object to the caller */
  sqlite3_result_blob(context, p, sizeof(p), stat4Destructor);
}
static const FuncDef statInitFuncdef = {
  1+IsStat34,      /* nArg */
  SQLITE_UTF8,     /* funcFlags */
  0,               /* pUserData */
  0,               /* pNext */
  statInit,        /* xFunc */
  0,               /* xStep */
  0,               /* xFinalize */
  "stat_init",     /* zName */
................................................................................
** Arguments:
**
**    P     Pointer to the Stat4Accum object created by stat_init()
**    C     Index of left-most column to differ from previous row
**    R     Rowid for the current row.  Might be a key record for
**          WITHOUT ROWID tables.
**
** The SQL function always returns NULL.



**
** The R parameter is only used for STAT3 and STAT4
*/
static void statPush(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
................................................................................

  /* The three function arguments */
  Stat4Accum *p = (Stat4Accum*)sqlite3_value_blob(argv[0]);
  int iChng = sqlite3_value_int(argv[1]);

  UNUSED_PARAMETER( argc );
  UNUSED_PARAMETER( context );
  assert( p->nCol>1 );        /* Includes rowid field */
  assert( iChng<p->nCol );

  if( p->nRow==0 ){
    /* This is the first call to this function. Do initialization. */
    for(i=0; i<p->nCol; i++) p->current.anEq[i] = 1;
  }else{
    /* Second and subsequent calls get processed here */
................................................................................
#define STAT_GET_ROWID 1          /* "rowid" column of stat[34] entry */
#define STAT_GET_NEQ   2          /* "neq" column of stat[34] entry */
#define STAT_GET_NLT   3          /* "nlt" column of stat[34] entry */
#define STAT_GET_NDLT  4          /* "ndlt" column of stat[34] entry */

/*
** Implementation of the stat_get(P,J) SQL function.  This routine is
** used to query the results.  Content is returned for parameter J



** which is one of the STAT_GET_xxxx values defined above.
**
** If neither STAT3 nor STAT4 are enabled, then J is always
** STAT_GET_STAT1 and is hence omitted and this routine becomes
** a one-parameter function, stat_get(P), that always returns the
** stat1 table entry information.
*/
................................................................................
    ** rows, then each estimate is computed as:
    **
    **        I = (K+D-1)/D
    */
    char *z;
    int i;

    char *zRet = sqlite3MallocZero(p->nCol * 25);
    if( zRet==0 ){
      sqlite3_result_error_nomem(context);
      return;
    }

    sqlite3_snprintf(24, zRet, "%llu", (u64)p->nRow);
    z = zRet + sqlite3Strlen30(zRet);
    for(i=0; i<(p->nCol-1); i++){
      u64 nDistinct = p->current.anDLt[i] + 1;
      u64 iVal = (p->nRow + nDistinct - 1) / nDistinct;
      sqlite3_snprintf(24, z, " %llu", iVal);
      z += sqlite3Strlen30(z);
      assert( p->current.anEq[i] );
    }
    assert( z[0]=='\0' && z>zRet );
................................................................................
  iTabCur = iTab++;
  iIdxCur = iTab++;
  pParse->nTab = MAX(pParse->nTab, iTab);
  sqlite3OpenTable(pParse, iTabCur, iDb, pTab, OP_OpenRead);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, regTabname, 0, pTab->zName, 0);

  for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
    int nCol;                     /* Number of columns indexed by pIdx */
    int *aGotoChng;               /* Array of jump instruction addresses */
    int addrRewind;               /* Address of "OP_Rewind iIdxCur" */
    int addrGotoChng0;            /* Address of "Goto addr_chng_0" */
    int addrNextRow;              /* Address of "next_row:" */
    const char *zIdxName;         /* Name of the index */


    if( pOnlyIdx && pOnlyIdx!=pIdx ) continue;
    if( pIdx->pPartIdxWhere==0 ) needTableCnt = 0;
    VdbeNoopComment((v, "Begin analysis of %s", pIdx->zName));
    nCol = pIdx->nKeyCol;
    aGotoChng = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, sizeof(int)*(nCol+1));
    if( aGotoChng==0 ) continue;

    /* Populate the register containing the index name. */
    if( IsPrimaryKeyIndex(pIdx) && !HasRowid(pTab) ){
      zIdxName = pTab->zName;

    }else{

      zIdxName = pIdx->zName;

    }


    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, regIdxname, 0, zIdxName, 0);


    /*
    ** Pseudo-code for loop that calls stat_push():
    **
    **   Rewind csr
    **   if eof(csr) goto end_of_scan;
    **   regChng = 0
................................................................................
    **
    **  chng_addr_0:
    **   regPrev(0) = idx(0)
    **  chng_addr_1:
    **   regPrev(1) = idx(1)
    **  ...
    **
    **  chng_addr_N:
    **   regRowid = idx(rowid)
    **   stat_push(P, regChng, regRowid)
    **   Next csr
    **   if !eof(csr) goto next_row;
    **
    **  end_of_scan:
    */

    /* Make sure there are enough memory cells allocated to accommodate 
    ** the regPrev array and a trailing rowid (the rowid slot is required
    ** when building a record to insert into the sample column of 
    ** the sqlite_stat4 table.  */
    pParse->nMem = MAX(pParse->nMem, regPrev+nCol);

    /* Open a read-only cursor on the index being analyzed. */
    assert( iDb==sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pIdx->pSchema) );
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenRead, iIdxCur, pIdx->tnum, iDb);
    sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(pParse, pIdx);
    VdbeComment((v, "%s", pIdx->zName));

    /* Invoke the stat_init() function. The arguments are:
    ** 
    **    (1) the number of columns in the index including the rowid,


    **    (2) the number of rows in the index,
    **

    ** The second argument is only used for STAT3 and STAT4
    */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Count, iIdxCur, regStat4+2);
#endif
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, nCol+1, regStat4+1);

    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Function, 0, regStat4+1, regStat4);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char*)&statInitFuncdef, P4_FUNCDEF);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, 1+IsStat34);

    /* Implementation of the following:
    **
    **   Rewind csr
    **   if eof(csr) goto end_of_scan;
    **   regChng = 0
    **   goto next_push_0;
    **
    */
    addrRewind = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Rewind, iIdxCur);
    VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, regChng);
    addrGotoChng0 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Goto);







    /*
    **  next_row:
    **   regChng = 0
    **   if( idx(0) != regPrev(0) ) goto chng_addr_0
    **   regChng = 1
    **   if( idx(1) != regPrev(1) ) goto chng_addr_1
    **   ...
    **   regChng = N
    **   goto chng_addr_N
    */

    addrNextRow = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);







    for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
      char *pColl = (char*)sqlite3LocateCollSeq(pParse, pIdx->azColl[i]);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, i, regChng);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iIdxCur, i, regTemp);
      aGotoChng[i] = 
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Ne, regTemp, 0, regPrev+i, pColl, P4_COLLSEQ);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, SQLITE_NULLEQ);
      VdbeCoverage(v);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, nCol, regChng);
    aGotoChng[nCol] = sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Goto);



    /*
    **  chng_addr_0:
    **   regPrev(0) = idx(0)
    **  chng_addr_1:
    **   regPrev(1) = idx(1)
    **  ...
    */
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrGotoChng0);
    for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, aGotoChng[i]);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iIdxCur, i, regPrev+i);
    }




    /*
    **  chng_addr_N:
    **   regRowid = idx(rowid)            // STAT34 only
    **   stat_push(P, regChng, regRowid)  // 3rd parameter STAT34 only
    **   Next csr
    **   if !eof(csr) goto next_row;
    */
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, aGotoChng[nCol]);
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
    assert( regRowid==(regStat4+2) );
    if( HasRowid(pTab) ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxRowid, iIdxCur, regRowid);
    }else{
      Index *pPk = sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pIdx->pTable);
      int j, k, regKey;
................................................................................
      int regSample = regStat1+3;
      int regCol = regStat1+4;
      int regSampleRowid = regCol + nCol;
      int addrNext;
      int addrIsNull;
      u8 seekOp = HasRowid(pTab) ? OP_NotExists : OP_NotFound;

      pParse->nMem = MAX(pParse->nMem, regCol+nCol+1);

      addrNext = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
      callStatGet(v, regStat4, STAT_GET_ROWID, regSampleRowid);
      addrIsNull = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IsNull, regSampleRowid);
      VdbeCoverage(v);
      callStatGet(v, regStat4, STAT_GET_NEQ, regEq);
      callStatGet(v, regStat4, STAT_GET_NLT, regLt);
................................................................................
      sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, iTabCur, 
                                      pIdx->aiColumn[0], regSample);
#else
      for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
        i16 iCol = pIdx->aiColumn[i];
        sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, iTabCur, iCol, regCol+i);
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regCol, nCol+1, regSample);
#endif
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regTabname, 6, regTemp);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, iStatCur+1, regNewRowid);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, iStatCur+1, regTemp, regNewRowid);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 1, addrNext); /* P1==1 for end-of-loop */
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrIsNull);
    }
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4 */

    /* End of analysis */
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrRewind);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, aGotoChng);
  }


  /* Create a single sqlite_stat1 entry containing NULL as the index
  ** name and the row count as the content.
  */
  if( pOnlyIdx==0 && needTableCnt ){
................................................................................
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  int iDb;
  int i;
  char *z, *zDb;
  Table *pTab;
  Index *pIdx;
  Token *pTableName;


  /* Read the database schema. If an error occurs, leave an error message
  ** and code in pParse and return NULL. */
  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsAllMutexes(pParse->db) );
  if( SQLITE_OK!=sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ){
    return;
  }
................................................................................
        }else if( (pTab = sqlite3LocateTable(pParse, 0, z, zDb))!=0 ){
          analyzeTable(pParse, pTab, 0);
        }
        sqlite3DbFree(db, z);
      }
    }   
  }


}

/*
** Used to pass information from the analyzer reader through to the
** callback routine.
*/
typedef struct analysisInfo analysisInfo;
................................................................................
    if( *z==' ' ) z++;
  }
#ifndef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  assert( pIndex!=0 );
#else
  if( pIndex )
#endif
  {

    if( strcmp(z, "unordered")==0 ){
      pIndex->bUnordered = 1;
    }else if( sqlite3_strglob("sz=[0-9]*", z)==0 ){
      int v32 = 0;
      sqlite3GetInt32(z+3, &v32);
      pIndex->szIdxRow = sqlite3LogEst(v32);
    }







  }
}

/*
** This callback is invoked once for each index when reading the
** sqlite_stat1 table.  
**
................................................................................
    pIndex = sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pTable);
  }else{
    pIndex = sqlite3FindIndex(pInfo->db, argv[1], pInfo->zDatabase);
  }
  z = argv[2];

  if( pIndex ){

    decodeIntArray((char*)z, pIndex->nKeyCol+1, 0, pIndex->aiRowLogEst, pIndex);
    if( pIndex->pPartIdxWhere==0 ) pTable->nRowLogEst = pIndex->aiRowLogEst[0];
  }else{
    Index fakeIdx;
    fakeIdx.szIdxRow = pTable->szTabRow;



    decodeIntArray((char*)z, 1, 0, &pTable->nRowLogEst, &fakeIdx);
    pTable->szTabRow = fakeIdx.szIdxRow;
  }

  return 0;
}

................................................................................
** stored in pIdx->aSample[]. 
*/
static void initAvgEq(Index *pIdx){
  if( pIdx ){
    IndexSample *aSample = pIdx->aSample;
    IndexSample *pFinal = &aSample[pIdx->nSample-1];
    int iCol;









    for(iCol=0; iCol<pIdx->nKeyCol; iCol++){
      int i;                    /* Used to iterate through samples */
      tRowcnt sumEq = 0;        /* Sum of the nEq values */
      tRowcnt nSum = 0;         /* Number of terms contributing to sumEq */
      tRowcnt avgEq = 0;
      tRowcnt nDLt = pFinal->anDLt[iCol];

      /* Set nSum to the number of distinct (iCol+1) field prefixes that
................................................................................
        }
      }
      if( nDLt>nSum ){
        avgEq = (pFinal->anLt[iCol] - sumEq)/(nDLt - nSum);
      }
      if( avgEq==0 ) avgEq = 1;
      pIdx->aAvgEq[iCol] = avgEq;
      if( pIdx->nSampleCol==1 ) break;
    }
  }
}

/*
** Look up an index by name.  Or, if the name of a WITHOUT ROWID table
** is supplied instead, find the PRIMARY KEY index for that table.
................................................................................
  }
  rc = sqlite3_prepare(db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, zSql);
  if( rc ) return rc;

  while( sqlite3_step(pStmt)==SQLITE_ROW ){
    int nIdxCol = 1;              /* Number of columns in stat4 records */
    int nAvgCol = 1;              /* Number of entries in Index.aAvgEq */

    char *zIndex;   /* Index name */
    Index *pIdx;    /* Pointer to the index object */
    int nSample;    /* Number of samples */
    int nByte;      /* Bytes of space required */
    int i;          /* Bytes of space required */
    tRowcnt *pSpace;
................................................................................
    nSample = sqlite3_column_int(pStmt, 1);
    pIdx = findIndexOrPrimaryKey(db, zIndex, zDb);
    assert( pIdx==0 || bStat3 || pIdx->nSample==0 );
    /* Index.nSample is non-zero at this point if data has already been
    ** loaded from the stat4 table. In this case ignore stat3 data.  */
    if( pIdx==0 || pIdx->nSample ) continue;
    if( bStat3==0 ){


      nIdxCol = pIdx->nKeyCol+1;

      nAvgCol = pIdx->nKeyCol;

    }
    pIdx->nSampleCol = nIdxCol;
    nByte = sizeof(IndexSample) * nSample;
    nByte += sizeof(tRowcnt) * nIdxCol * 3 * nSample;
    nByte += nAvgCol * sizeof(tRowcnt);     /* Space for Index.aAvgEq[] */

    pIdx->aSample = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, nByte);
    if( pIdx->aSample==0 ){
      sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
      return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
    pSpace = (tRowcnt*)&pIdx->aSample[nSample];
    pIdx->aAvgEq = pSpace; pSpace += nAvgCol;
    for(i=0; i<nSample; i++){
      pIdx->aSample[i].anEq = pSpace; pSpace += nIdxCol;
      pIdx->aSample[i].anLt = pSpace; pSpace += nIdxCol;
      pIdx->aSample[i].anDLt = pSpace; pSpace += nIdxCol;
    }
    assert( ((u8*)pSpace)-nByte==(u8*)(pIdx->aSample) );
  }
................................................................................
                      p->zName, P4_STATIC);
  }
}
#else
  #define codeTableLocks(x)
#endif














/*
** This routine is called after a single SQL statement has been
** parsed and a VDBE program to execute that statement has been
** prepared.  This routine puts the finishing touches on the
** VDBE program and resets the pParse structure for the next
** parse.
**
................................................................................

    /* The cookie mask contains one bit for each database file open.
    ** (Bit 0 is for main, bit 1 is for temp, and so forth.)  Bits are
    ** set for each database that is used.  Generate code to start a
    ** transaction on each used database and to verify the schema cookie
    ** on each used database.
    */
    if( db->mallocFailed==0 && (pParse->cookieMask || pParse->pConstExpr) ){
      yDbMask mask;

      int iDb, i;
      assert( sqlite3VdbeGetOp(v, 0)->opcode==OP_Init );
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, 0);
      for(iDb=0, mask=1; iDb<db->nDb; mask<<=1, iDb++){
        if( (mask & pParse->cookieMask)==0 ) continue;
        sqlite3VdbeUsesBtree(v, iDb);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v,
          OP_Transaction,                    /* Opcode */
          iDb,                               /* P1 */
          (mask & pParse->writeMask)!=0,     /* P2 */
          pParse->cookieValue[iDb],          /* P3 */
          db->aDb[iDb].pSchema->iGeneration  /* P4 */
        );
        if( db->init.busy==0 ) sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, 1);
      }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
      for(i=0; i<pParse->nVtabLock; i++){
................................................................................
  }else{
    pParse->rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  pParse->nTab = 0;
  pParse->nMem = 0;
  pParse->nSet = 0;
  pParse->nVar = 0;
  pParse->cookieMask = 0;
}

/*
** Run the parser and code generator recursively in order to generate
** code for the SQL statement given onto the end of the pParse context
** currently under construction.  When the parser is run recursively
** this way, the final OP_Halt is not appended and other initialization
................................................................................
      assert( pTable->aCol==0 );
      pTable->nCol = pSelTab->nCol;
      pTable->aCol = pSelTab->aCol;
      pSelTab->nCol = 0;
      pSelTab->aCol = 0;
      sqlite3DeleteTable(db, pSelTab);
      assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, 0, pTable->pSchema) );
      pTable->pSchema->flags |= DB_UnresetViews;
    }else{
      pTable->nCol = 0;
      nErr++;
    }
    sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pSel);
  } else {
    nErr++;
................................................................................
  if( memRootPage<0 ) sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Clear, tnum, iDb);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_OpenWrite, iIdx, tnum, iDb, 
                    (char *)pKey, P4_KEYINFO);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_BULKCSR|((memRootPage>=0)?OPFLAG_P2ISREG:0));

  addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SorterSort, iSorter, 0); VdbeCoverage(v);
  assert( pKey!=0 || db->mallocFailed || pParse->nErr );
  if( pIndex->onError!=OE_None && pKey!=0 ){
    int j2 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v) + 3;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, j2);
    addr2 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_SorterCompare, iSorter, j2, regRecord,
                         pKey->nField - pIndex->nKeyCol); VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3UniqueConstraint(pParse, OE_Abort, pIndex);
  }else{
    addr2 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
  }
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SorterData, iSorter, regRecord);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_IdxInsert, iIdx, regRecord, 1);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT);
................................................................................
    ** If there are different collating sequences or if the columns of
    ** the constraint occur in different orders, then the constraints are
    ** considered distinct and both result in separate indices.
    */
    Index *pIdx;
    for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
      int k;
      assert( pIdx->onError!=OE_None );
      assert( pIdx->idxType!=SQLITE_IDXTYPE_APPDEF );
      assert( pIndex->onError!=OE_None );

      if( pIdx->nKeyCol!=pIndex->nKeyCol ) continue;
      for(k=0; k<pIdx->nKeyCol; k++){
        const char *z1;
        const char *z2;
        if( pIdx->aiColumn[k]!=pIndex->aiColumn[k] ) break;
        z1 = pIdx->azColl[k];
................................................................................
  ** 6 and each subsequent value (if any) is 5.  */
  memcpy(&a[1], aVal, nCopy*sizeof(LogEst));
  for(i=nCopy+1; i<=pIdx->nKeyCol; i++){
    a[i] = 23;                    assert( 23==sqlite3LogEst(5) );
  }

  assert( 0==sqlite3LogEst(1) );
  if( pIdx->onError!=OE_None ) a[pIdx->nKeyCol] = 0;
}

/*
** This routine will drop an existing named index.  This routine
** implements the DROP INDEX statement.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DropIndex(Parse *pParse, SrcList *pName, int ifExists){
................................................................................
** for database iDb.  The code to actually verify the schema cookie
** will occur at the end of the top-level VDBE and will be generated
** later, by sqlite3FinishCoding().
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(Parse *pParse, int iDb){
  Parse *pToplevel = sqlite3ParseToplevel(pParse);
  sqlite3 *db = pToplevel->db;
  yDbMask mask;

  assert( iDb>=0 && iDb<db->nDb );
  assert( db->aDb[iDb].pBt!=0 || iDb==1 );
  assert( iDb<SQLITE_MAX_ATTACHED+2 );
  assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, iDb, 0) );
  mask = ((yDbMask)1)<<iDb;
  if( (pToplevel->cookieMask & mask)==0 ){
    pToplevel->cookieMask |= mask;
    pToplevel->cookieValue[iDb] = db->aDb[iDb].pSchema->schema_cookie;
    if( !OMIT_TEMPDB && iDb==1 ){
      sqlite3OpenTempDatabase(pToplevel);
    }
  }
}

................................................................................
** rollback the whole transaction.  For operations where all constraints
** can be checked before any changes are made to the database, it is never
** necessary to undo a write and the checkpoint should not be set.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(Parse *pParse, int setStatement, int iDb){
  Parse *pToplevel = sqlite3ParseToplevel(pParse);
  sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iDb);
  pToplevel->writeMask |= ((yDbMask)1)<<iDb;
  pToplevel->isMultiWrite |= setStatement;
}

/*
** Indicate that the statement currently under construction might write
** more than one entry (example: deleting one row then inserting another,
** inserting multiple rows in a table, or inserting a row and index entries.)
................................................................................
  for(pElem=sqliteHashFirst(&temp1); pElem; pElem=sqliteHashNext(pElem)){
    Table *pTab = sqliteHashData(pElem);
    sqlite3DeleteTable(0, pTab);
  }
  sqlite3HashClear(&temp1);
  sqlite3HashClear(&pSchema->fkeyHash);
  pSchema->pSeqTab = 0;
  if( pSchema->flags & DB_SchemaLoaded ){
    pSchema->iGeneration++;
    pSchema->flags &= ~DB_SchemaLoaded;
  }
}

/*
** Find and return the schema associated with a BTree.  Create
** a new one if necessary.
*/
................................................................................
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains the C functions that implement various SQL
** functions of SQLite.  
**
** There is only one exported symbol in this file - the function
** sqliteRegisterBuildinFunctions() found at the bottom of the file.
** All other code has file scope.
*/
/* #include <stdlib.h> */
/* #include <assert.h> */

/*
** Return the collating function associated with a function.
*/
................................................................................
    FUNCTION(coalesce,           1, 0, 0, 0                ),
    FUNCTION(coalesce,           0, 0, 0, 0                ),
    FUNCTION2(coalesce,         -1, 0, 0, noopFunc,  SQLITE_FUNC_COALESCE),
    FUNCTION(hex,                1, 0, 0, hexFunc          ),
    FUNCTION2(ifnull,            2, 0, 0, noopFunc,  SQLITE_FUNC_COALESCE),
    FUNCTION2(unlikely,          1, 0, 0, noopFunc,  SQLITE_FUNC_UNLIKELY),
    FUNCTION2(likelihood,        2, 0, 0, noopFunc,  SQLITE_FUNC_UNLIKELY),

    VFUNCTION(random,            0, 0, 0, randomFunc       ),
    VFUNCTION(randomblob,        1, 0, 0, randomBlob       ),
    FUNCTION(nullif,             2, 0, 1, nullifFunc       ),
    FUNCTION(sqlite_version,     0, 0, 0, versionFunc      ),
    FUNCTION(sqlite_source_id,   0, 0, 0, sourceidFunc     ),
    FUNCTION(sqlite_log,         2, 0, 0, errlogFunc       ),
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_COMPILEOPTION_DIAGS
................................................................................
    assert( nCol>1 );
    aiCol = (int *)sqlite3DbMallocRaw(pParse->db, nCol*sizeof(int));
    if( !aiCol ) return 1;
    *paiCol = aiCol;
  }

  for(pIdx=pParent->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
    if( pIdx->nKeyCol==nCol && pIdx->onError!=OE_None ){ 
      /* pIdx is a UNIQUE index (or a PRIMARY KEY) and has the right number
      ** of columns. If each indexed column corresponds to a foreign key
      ** column of pFKey, then this index is a winner.  */

      if( zKey==0 ){
        /* If zKey is NULL, then this foreign key is implicitly mapped to 
        ** the PRIMARY KEY of table pParent. The PRIMARY KEY index may be 
................................................................................
     && ((pDestCol->zDflt==0)!=(pSrcCol->zDflt==0) 
         || (pDestCol->zDflt && strcmp(pDestCol->zDflt, pSrcCol->zDflt)!=0))
    ){
      return 0;    /* Default values must be the same for all columns */
    }
  }
  for(pDestIdx=pDest->pIndex; pDestIdx; pDestIdx=pDestIdx->pNext){
    if( pDestIdx->onError!=OE_None ){
      destHasUniqueIdx = 1;
    }
    for(pSrcIdx=pSrc->pIndex; pSrcIdx; pSrcIdx=pSrcIdx->pNext){
      if( xferCompatibleIndex(pDestIdx, pSrcIdx) ) break;
    }
    if( pSrcIdx==0 ){
      return 0;    /* pDestIdx has no corresponding index in pSrc */
................................................................................
            if( !azVals[i] && sqlite3_column_type(pStmt, i)!=SQLITE_NULL ){
              db->mallocFailed = 1;
              goto exec_out;
            }
          }
        }
        if( xCallback(pArg, nCol, azVals, azCols) ){



          rc = SQLITE_ABORT;
          sqlite3VdbeFinalize((Vdbe *)pStmt);
          pStmt = 0;
          sqlite3Error(db, SQLITE_ABORT, 0);
          goto exec_out;
        }
      }
................................................................................
** if the omitFull parameter it 1.
**
** Note that the values returned are one less that the values that
** should be passed into sqlite3BtreeSetSafetyLevel().  The is done
** to support legacy SQL code.  The safety level used to be boolean
** and older scripts may have used numbers 0 for OFF and 1 for ON.
*/
static u8 getSafetyLevel(const char *z, int omitFull, int dflt){
                             /* 123456789 123456789 */
  static const char zText[] = "onoffalseyestruefull";
  static const u8 iOffset[] = {0, 1, 2, 4, 9, 12, 16};
  static const u8 iLength[] = {2, 2, 3, 5, 3, 4, 4};
  static const u8 iValue[] =  {1, 0, 0, 0, 1, 1, 2};
  int i, n;
  if( sqlite3Isdigit(*z) ){
................................................................................
  }
  return dflt;
}

/*
** Interpret the given string as a boolean value.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE u8 sqlite3GetBoolean(const char *z, int dflt){
  return getSafetyLevel(z,1,dflt)!=0;
}

/* The sqlite3GetBoolean() function is used by other modules but the
** remainder of this file is specific to PRAGMA processing.  So omit
** the rest of the file if PRAGMAs are omitted from the build.
*/
................................................................................
  **
  ** Get or set the size limit on rollback journal files.
  */
  case PragTyp_JOURNAL_SIZE_LIMIT: {
    Pager *pPager = sqlite3BtreePager(pDb->pBt);
    i64 iLimit = -2;
    if( zRight ){
      sqlite3Atoi64(zRight, &iLimit, sqlite3Strlen30(zRight), SQLITE_UTF8);
      if( iLimit<-1 ) iLimit = -1;
    }
    iLimit = sqlite3PagerJournalSizeLimit(pPager, iLimit);
    returnSingleInt(pParse, "journal_size_limit", iLimit);
    break;
  }

................................................................................
  */
  case PragTyp_MMAP_SIZE: {
    sqlite3_int64 sz;
#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
    assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, iDb, 0) );
    if( zRight ){
      int ii;
      sqlite3Atoi64(zRight, &sz, sqlite3Strlen30(zRight), SQLITE_UTF8);
      if( sz<0 ) sz = sqlite3GlobalConfig.szMmap;
      if( pId2->n==0 ) db->szMmap = sz;
      for(ii=db->nDb-1; ii>=0; ii--){
        if( db->aDb[ii].pBt && (ii==iDb || pId2->n==0) ){
          sqlite3BtreeSetMmapLimit(db->aDb[ii].pBt, sz);
        }
      }
................................................................................
      sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iDb);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "seq", SQLITE_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 1, COLNAME_NAME, "name", SQLITE_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 2, COLNAME_NAME, "unique", SQLITE_STATIC);
      for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex, i=0; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, i++){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, i, 1);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 2, 0, pIdx->zName, 0);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, pIdx->onError!=OE_None, 3);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 3);
      }
    }
  }
  break;

  case PragTyp_DATABASE_LIST: {
................................................................................

    /* Code that appears at the end of the integrity check.  If no error
    ** messages have been generated, output OK.  Otherwise output the
    ** error message
    */
    static const int iLn = VDBE_OFFSET_LINENO(2);
    static const VdbeOpList endCode[] = {
      { OP_AddImm,      1, 0,        0},    /* 0 */
      { OP_IfNeg,       1, 0,        0},    /* 1 */
      { OP_String8,     0, 3,        0},    /* 2 */
      { OP_ResultRow,   3, 1,        0},
    };

    int isQuick = (sqlite3Tolower(zLeft[0])=='q');

    /* If the PRAGMA command was of the form "PRAGMA <db>.integrity_check",
    ** then iDb is set to the index of the database identified by <db>.
................................................................................
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, 7);
        for(j=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, j++){
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, 8+j); /* index entries counter */
        }
        pParse->nMem = MAX(pParse->nMem, 8+j);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iDataCur, 0); VdbeCoverage(v);
        loopTop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, 7, 1);




















        for(j=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, j++){
          int jmp2, jmp3, jmp4;

          if( pPk==pIdx ) continue;
          r1 = sqlite3GenerateIndexKey(pParse, pIdx, iDataCur, 0, 0, &jmp3,
                                       pPrior, r1);
          pPrior = pIdx;
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, 8+j, 1);  /* increment entry count */

          jmp2 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_Found, iIdxCur+j, 0, r1,
                                      pIdx->nColumn); VdbeCoverage(v);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, 1, -1); /* Decrement error limit */
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 3, 0, "row ", P4_STATIC);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Concat, 7, 3, 3);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 4, 0, " missing from index ",
                            P4_STATIC);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Concat, 4, 3, 3);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 4, 0, pIdx->zName, P4_TRANSIENT);

          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Concat, 4, 3, 3);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 3, 1);
          jmp4 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfPos, 1); VdbeCoverage(v);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Halt);
          sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, jmp4);
















          sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, jmp2);









          sqlite3ResolvePartIdxLabel(pParse, jmp3);
        }
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iDataCur, loopTop); VdbeCoverage(v);
        sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, loopTop-1);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BTREECOUNT
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 2, 0, 
                     "wrong # of entries in index ", P4_STATIC);
................................................................................
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Concat, 3, 2, 7);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 7, 1);
        }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_BTREECOUNT */
      } 
    }
    addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOpList(v, ArraySize(endCode), endCode, iLn);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP2(v, addr, -mxErr);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr+1);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, addr+2, "ok", P4_STATIC);
  }
  break;
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_INTEGRITY_CHECK */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16
  /*
  **   PRAGMA encoding
................................................................................
  **   PRAGMA soft_heap_limit = N
  **
  ** Call sqlite3_soft_heap_limit64(N).  Return the result.  If N is omitted,
  ** use -1.
  */
  case PragTyp_SOFT_HEAP_LIMIT: {
    sqlite3_int64 N;
    if( zRight && sqlite3Atoi64(zRight, &N, 1000000, SQLITE_UTF8)==SQLITE_OK ){
      sqlite3_soft_heap_limit64(N);
    }
    returnSingleInt(pParse, "soft_heap_limit",  sqlite3_soft_heap_limit64(-1));
    break;
  }

#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) || defined(SQLITE_TEST)
................................................................................
static void codeOffset(
  Vdbe *v,          /* Generate code into this VM */
  int iOffset,      /* Register holding the offset counter */
  int iContinue     /* Jump here to skip the current record */
){
  if( iOffset>0 ){
    int addr;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, iOffset, -1);
    addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfNeg, iOffset); VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, iContinue);
    VdbeComment((v, "skip OFFSET records"));
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);
  }
}

/*
................................................................................
          }else{
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Eq, regResult+i, iContinue, regPrev+i);
            VdbeCoverage(v);
           }
          sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (const char *)pColl, P4_COLLSEQ);
          sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, SQLITE_NULLEQ);
        }
        assert( sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)==iJump );
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Copy, regResult, regPrev, nResultCol-1);
        break;
      }

      case WHERE_DISTINCT_UNIQUE: {
        sqlite3VdbeChangeToNoop(v, pDistinct->addrTnct);
        break;
................................................................................
  if( pSort->sortFlags & SORTFLAG_UseSorter ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SorterNext, iTab, addr); VdbeCoverage(v);
  }else{
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iTab, addr); VdbeCoverage(v);
  }
  if( pSort->regReturn ) sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Return, pSort->regReturn);
  sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrBreak);
  if( eDest==SRT_Output || eDest==SRT_Coroutine ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, pseudoTab, 0);
  }
}

/*
** Return a pointer to a string containing the 'declaration type' of the
** expression pExpr. The string may be treated as static by the caller.
**
** Also try to estimate the size of the returned value and return that
................................................................................
    if( aToOpen[iDataCur-iBaseCur] ){
      assert( pPk!=0 );
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_NotFound, iDataCur, labelBreak, regKey, nKey);
      VdbeCoverageNeverTaken(v);
    }
    labelContinue = labelBreak;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, pPk ? regKey : regOldRowid, labelBreak);
    VdbeCoverage(v);

  }else if( pPk ){
    labelContinue = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iEph, labelBreak); VdbeCoverage(v);
    addrTop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_RowKey, iEph, regKey);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_NotFound, iDataCur, labelContinue, regKey, 0);
    VdbeCoverage(v);
  }else{
................................................................................
** at the end is the choosen query plan.
*/
struct WherePath {
  Bitmask maskLoop;     /* Bitmask of all WhereLoop objects in this path */
  Bitmask revLoop;      /* aLoop[]s that should be reversed for ORDER BY */
  LogEst nRow;          /* Estimated number of rows generated by this path */
  LogEst rCost;         /* Total cost of this path */

  i8 isOrdered;         /* No. of ORDER BY terms satisfied. -1 for unknown */
  WhereLoop **aLoop;    /* Array of WhereLoop objects implementing this path */
};

/*
** The query generator uses an array of instances of this structure to
** help it analyze the subexpressions of the WHERE clause.  Each WHERE
................................................................................
#define WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE 0x00000400  /* WhereLoop.u.vtab is valid */
#define WHERE_IN_ABLE      0x00000800  /* Able to support an IN operator */
#define WHERE_ONEROW       0x00001000  /* Selects no more than one row */
#define WHERE_MULTI_OR     0x00002000  /* OR using multiple indices */
#define WHERE_AUTO_INDEX   0x00004000  /* Uses an ephemeral index */
#define WHERE_SKIPSCAN     0x00008000  /* Uses the skip-scan algorithm */
#define WHERE_UNQ_WANTED   0x00010000  /* WHERE_ONEROW would have been helpful*/
#define WHERE_LIKELIHOOD   0x00020000  /* A likelihood() is affecting nOut */

/************** End of whereInt.h ********************************************/
/************** Continuing where we left off in where.c **********************/

/*
** Return the estimated number of output rows from a WHERE clause
*/
................................................................................

  /* memset(pScan, 0, sizeof(*pScan)); */
  pScan->pOrigWC = pWC;
  pScan->pWC = pWC;
  if( pIdx && iColumn>=0 ){
    pScan->idxaff = pIdx->pTable->aCol[iColumn].affinity;
    for(j=0; pIdx->aiColumn[j]!=iColumn; j++){
      if( NEVER(j>=pIdx->nKeyCol) ) return 0;
    }
    pScan->zCollName = pIdx->azColl[j];
  }else{
    pScan->idxaff = 0;
    pScan->zCollName = 0;
  }
  pScan->opMask = opMask;
................................................................................
  **      where X is a constant value. The collation sequences of the
  **      comparison and select-list expressions must match those of the index.
  **
  **   3. All of those index columns for which the WHERE clause does not
  **      contain a "col=X" term are subject to a NOT NULL constraint.
  */
  for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
    if( pIdx->onError==OE_None ) continue;
    for(i=0; i<pIdx->nKeyCol; i++){
      i16 iCol = pIdx->aiColumn[i];
      if( 0==findTerm(pWC, iBase, iCol, ~(Bitmask)0, WO_EQ, pIdx) ){
        int iIdxCol = findIndexCol(pParse, pDistinct, iBase, pIdx, i);
        if( iIdxCol<0 || pTab->aCol[iCol].notNull==0 ){
          break;
        }
................................................................................
}


/*
** Estimate the logarithm of the input value to base 2.
*/
static LogEst estLog(LogEst N){
  LogEst x = sqlite3LogEst(N);
  return x>33 ? x - 33 : 0;
}

/*
** Two routines for printing the content of an sqlite3_index_info
** structure.  Used for testing and debugging only.  If neither
** SQLITE_TEST or SQLITE_DEBUG are defined, then these routines
** are no-ops.
................................................................................
      iLower = 0;
      iUpper = aSample[0].anLt[iCol];
    }else{
      i64 nRow0 = sqlite3LogEstToInt(pIdx->aiRowLogEst[0]);
      iUpper = i>=pIdx->nSample ? nRow0 : aSample[i].anLt[iCol];
      iLower = aSample[i-1].anEq[iCol] + aSample[i-1].anLt[iCol];
    }
    aStat[1] = (pIdx->nKeyCol>iCol ? pIdx->aAvgEq[iCol] : 1);
    if( iLower>=iUpper ){
      iGap = 0;
    }else{
      iGap = iUpper - iLower;
    }
    if( roundUp ){
      iGap = (iGap*2)/3;
................................................................................
    }else if( (pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VNULL)==0 ){
      nRet -= 20;        assert( 20==sqlite3LogEst(4) );
    }
  }
  return nRet;
}














































































































/*
** This function is used to estimate the number of rows that will be visited
** by scanning an index for a range of values. The range may have an upper
** bound, a lower bound, or both. The WHERE clause terms that set the upper
** and lower bounds are represented by pLower and pUpper respectively. For
** example, assuming that index p is on t1(a):
**
................................................................................
** When this function is called, *pnOut is set to the sqlite3LogEst() of the
** number of rows that the index scan is expected to visit without 
** considering the range constraints. If nEq is 0, this is the number of 
** rows in the index. Assuming no error occurs, *pnOut is adjusted (reduced)
** to account for the range contraints pLower and pUpper.
** 
** In the absence of sqlite_stat4 ANALYZE data, or if such data cannot be
** used, each range inequality reduces the search space by a factor of 4. 
** Hence a pair of constraints (x>? AND x<?) reduces the expected number of
** rows visited by a factor of 16.
*/
static int whereRangeScanEst(
  Parse *pParse,       /* Parsing & code generating context */
  WhereLoopBuilder *pBuilder,
  WhereTerm *pLower,   /* Lower bound on the range. ex: "x>123" Might be NULL */
  WhereTerm *pUpper,   /* Upper bound on the range. ex: "x<455" Might be NULL */
  WhereLoop *pLoop     /* Modify the .nOut and maybe .rRun fields */
................................................................................
  LogEst nNew;

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  Index *p = pLoop->u.btree.pIndex;
  int nEq = pLoop->u.btree.nEq;

  if( p->nSample>0
   && nEq==pBuilder->nRecValid
   && nEq<p->nSampleCol
   && OptimizationEnabled(pParse->db, SQLITE_Stat3) 
  ){

    UnpackedRecord *pRec = pBuilder->pRec;
    tRowcnt a[2];
    u8 aff;

    /* Variable iLower will be set to the estimate of the number of rows in 
    ** the index that are less than the lower bound of the range query. The
    ** lower bound being the concatenation of $P and $L, where $P is the
    ** key-prefix formed by the nEq values matched against the nEq left-most
    ** columns of the index, and $L is the value in pLower.
    **
    ** Or, if pLower is NULL or $L cannot be extracted from it (because it
    ** is not a simple variable or literal value), the lower bound of the
    ** range is $P. Due to a quirk in the way whereKeyStats() works, even
    ** if $L is available, whereKeyStats() is called for both ($P) and 
    ** ($P:$L) and the larger of the two returned values used.
    **
    ** Similarly, iUpper is to be set to the estimate of the number of rows
    ** less than the upper bound of the range query. Where the upper bound
    ** is either ($P) or ($P:$U). Again, even if $U is available, both values
    ** of iUpper are requested of whereKeyStats() and the smaller used.
    */
    tRowcnt iLower;
    tRowcnt iUpper;

    if( nEq==p->nKeyCol ){
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER;
    }else{
      aff = p->pTable->aCol[p->aiColumn[nEq]].affinity;
    }
    /* Determine iLower and iUpper using ($P) only. */
    if( nEq==0 ){
      iLower = 0;
      iUpper = sqlite3LogEstToInt(p->aiRowLogEst[0]);
    }else{
      /* Note: this call could be optimized away - since the same values must 
      ** have been requested when testing key $P in whereEqualScanEst().  */
      whereKeyStats(pParse, p, pRec, 0, a);
      iLower = a[0];
      iUpper = a[0] + a[1];
    }

    /* If possible, improve on the iLower estimate using ($P:$L). */
    if( pLower ){
      int bOk;                    /* True if value is extracted from pExpr */
      Expr *pExpr = pLower->pExpr->pRight;
      assert( (pLower->eOperator & (WO_GT|WO_GE))!=0 );
      rc = sqlite3Stat4ProbeSetValue(pParse, p, &pRec, pExpr, aff, nEq, &bOk);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK && bOk ){
        tRowcnt iNew;
        whereKeyStats(pParse, p, pRec, 0, a);
        iNew = a[0] + ((pLower->eOperator & WO_GT) ? a[1] : 0);
        if( iNew>iLower ) iLower = iNew;
        nOut--;
      }
    }

    /* If possible, improve on the iUpper estimate using ($P:$U). */
    if( pUpper ){
      int bOk;                    /* True if value is extracted from pExpr */
      Expr *pExpr = pUpper->pExpr->pRight;
      assert( (pUpper->eOperator & (WO_LT|WO_LE))!=0 );
      rc = sqlite3Stat4ProbeSetValue(pParse, p, &pRec, pExpr, aff, nEq, &bOk);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK && bOk ){
        tRowcnt iNew;
        whereKeyStats(pParse, p, pRec, 1, a);
        iNew = a[0] + ((pUpper->eOperator & WO_LE) ? a[1] : 0);
        if( iNew<iUpper ) iUpper = iNew;
        nOut--;
      }
    }

    pBuilder->pRec = pRec;
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      if( iUpper>iLower ){
        nNew = sqlite3LogEst(iUpper - iLower);
      }else{
        nNew = 10;        assert( 10==sqlite3LogEst(2) );
      }
      if( nNew<nOut ){
        nOut = nNew;
      }
      pLoop->nOut = (LogEst)nOut;
      WHERETRACE(0x10, ("range scan regions: %u..%u  est=%d\n",
                         (u32)iLower, (u32)iUpper, nOut));
      return SQLITE_OK;





    }
  }
#else
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pParse);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pBuilder);
#endif
  assert( pLower || pUpper );
................................................................................
  UnpackedRecord *pRec = pBuilder->pRec;
  u8 aff;                   /* Column affinity */
  int rc;                   /* Subfunction return code */
  tRowcnt a[2];             /* Statistics */
  int bOk;

  assert( nEq>=1 );
  assert( nEq<=(p->nKeyCol+1) );
  assert( p->aSample!=0 );
  assert( p->nSample>0 );
  assert( pBuilder->nRecValid<nEq );

  /* If values are not available for all fields of the index to the left
  ** of this one, no estimate can be made. Return SQLITE_NOTFOUND. */
  if( pBuilder->nRecValid<(nEq-1) ){
    return SQLITE_NOTFOUND;
  }

  /* This is an optimization only. The call to sqlite3Stat4ProbeSetValue()
  ** below would return the same value.  */
  if( nEq>p->nKeyCol ){
    *pnRow = 1;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

  aff = p->pTable->aCol[p->aiColumn[nEq-1]].affinity;
  rc = sqlite3Stat4ProbeSetValue(pParse, p, &pRec, pExpr, aff, nEq-1, &bOk);
  pBuilder->pRec = pRec;
................................................................................
    ){
      testcase( iEq==0 );
      testcase( bRev );
      bRev = !bRev;
    }
    assert( pX->op==TK_IN );
    iReg = iTarget;
    eType = sqlite3FindInIndex(pParse, pX, 0);
    if( eType==IN_INDEX_INDEX_DESC ){
      testcase( bRev );
      bRev = !bRev;
    }
    iTab = pX->iTable;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, bRev ? OP_Last : OP_Rewind, iTab, 0);
    VdbeCoverageIf(v, bRev);
................................................................................
  if( nEq==0 && (pLoop->wsFlags & (WHERE_BTM_LIMIT|WHERE_TOP_LIMIT))==0 ){
    return 0;
  }
  sqlite3StrAccumInit(&txt, 0, 0, SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH);
  txt.db = db;
  sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&txt, " (", 2);
  for(i=0; i<nEq; i++){
    char *z = (i==pIndex->nKeyCol ) ? "rowid" : aCol[aiColumn[i]].zName;
    if( i>=nSkip ){
      explainAppendTerm(&txt, i, z, "=");
    }else{
      if( i ) sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&txt, " AND ", 5);
      sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&txt, "ANY(", 4);
      sqlite3StrAccumAppendAll(&txt, z);
      sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&txt, ")", 1);
    }
  }

  j = i;
  if( pLoop->wsFlags&WHERE_BTM_LIMIT ){
    char *z = (j==pIndex->nKeyCol ) ? "rowid" : aCol[aiColumn[j]].zName;
    explainAppendTerm(&txt, i++, z, ">");
  }
  if( pLoop->wsFlags&WHERE_TOP_LIMIT ){
    char *z = (j==pIndex->nKeyCol ) ? "rowid" : aCol[aiColumn[j]].zName;
    explainAppendTerm(&txt, i, z, "<");
  }
  sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&txt, ")", 1);
  return sqlite3StrAccumFinish(&txt);
}

/*
................................................................................
    int regReturn = ++pParse->nMem;           /* Register used with OP_Gosub */
    int regRowset = 0;                        /* Register for RowSet object */
    int regRowid = 0;                         /* Register holding rowid */
    int iLoopBody = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);  /* Start of loop body */
    int iRetInit;                             /* Address of regReturn init */
    int untestedTerms = 0;             /* Some terms not completely tested */
    int ii;                            /* Loop counter */

    Expr *pAndExpr = 0;                /* An ".. AND (...)" expression */
    Table *pTab = pTabItem->pTab;
   
    pTerm = pLoop->aLTerm[0];
    assert( pTerm!=0 );
    assert( pTerm->eOperator & WO_OR );
    assert( (pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_ORINFO)!=0 );
................................................................................
      }
    }

    /* Run a separate WHERE clause for each term of the OR clause.  After
    ** eliminating duplicates from other WHERE clauses, the action for each
    ** sub-WHERE clause is to to invoke the main loop body as a subroutine.
    */


    for(ii=0; ii<pOrWc->nTerm; ii++){
      WhereTerm *pOrTerm = &pOrWc->a[ii];
      if( pOrTerm->leftCursor==iCur || (pOrTerm->eOperator & WO_AND)!=0 ){
        WhereInfo *pSubWInfo;           /* Info for single OR-term scan */
        Expr *pOrExpr = pOrTerm->pExpr; /* Current OR clause term */
        int j1 = 0;                     /* Address of jump operation */
        if( pAndExpr && !ExprHasProperty(pOrExpr, EP_FromJoin) ){
          pAndExpr->pLeft = pOrExpr;
          pOrExpr = pAndExpr;
        }
        /* Loop through table entries that match term pOrTerm. */
        pSubWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(pParse, pOrTab, pOrExpr, 0, 0,
                        WHERE_OMIT_OPEN_CLOSE | WHERE_AND_ONLY |
                        WHERE_FORCE_TABLE | WHERE_ONETABLE_ONLY, iCovCur);
        assert( pSubWInfo || pParse->nErr || db->mallocFailed );
        if( pSubWInfo ){
          WhereLoop *pSubLoop;
          explainOneScan(
              pParse, pOrTab, &pSubWInfo->a[0], iLevel, pLevel->iFrom, 0
          );
          /* This is the sub-WHERE clause body.  First skip over
................................................................................
          assert( (pSubLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_AUTO_INDEX)==0 );
          if( (pSubLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_INDEXED)!=0
           && (ii==0 || pSubLoop->u.btree.pIndex==pCov)
           && (HasRowid(pTab) || !IsPrimaryKeyIndex(pSubLoop->u.btree.pIndex))
          ){
            assert( pSubWInfo->a[0].iIdxCur==iCovCur );
            pCov = pSubLoop->u.btree.pIndex;

          }else{
            pCov = 0;
          }

          /* Finish the loop through table entries that match term pOrTerm. */
          sqlite3WhereEnd(pSubWInfo);
        }
................................................................................
                p->u.vtab.idxNum, p->u.vtab.idxStr, p->u.vtab.omitMask);
    }else{
      z = sqlite3_mprintf("(%d,%x)", p->u.vtab.idxNum, p->u.vtab.omitMask);
    }
    sqlite3DebugPrintf(" %-19s", z);
    sqlite3_free(z);
  }
  sqlite3DebugPrintf(" f %04x N %d", p->wsFlags, p->nLTerm);
  sqlite3DebugPrintf(" cost %d,%d,%d\n", p->rSetup, p->rRun, p->nOut);
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_TREE_EXPLAIN
  /* If the 0x100 bit of wheretracing is set, then show all of the constraint
  ** expressions in the WhereLoop.aLTerm[] array.
  */
  if( p->nLTerm && (sqlite3WhereTrace & 0x100)!=0 ){  /* WHERETRACE 0x100 */
    int i;
................................................................................
    assert( p->rSetup==0 || pTemplate->rSetup==0 
                 || p->rSetup==pTemplate->rSetup );

    /* whereLoopAddBtree() always generates and inserts the automatic index
    ** case first.  Hence compatible candidate WhereLoops never have a larger
    ** rSetup. Call this SETUP-INVARIANT */
    assert( p->rSetup>=pTemplate->rSetup );












    /* If existing WhereLoop p is better than pTemplate, pTemplate can be
    ** discarded.  WhereLoop p is better if:
    **   (1)  p has no more dependencies than pTemplate, and
    **   (2)  p has an equal or lower cost than pTemplate
    */
    if( (p->prereq & pTemplate->prereq)==p->prereq    /* (1)  */
................................................................................
    /* We will be overwriting WhereLoop p[].  But before we do, first
    ** go through the rest of the list and delete any other entries besides
    ** p[] that are also supplated by pTemplate */
    WhereLoop **ppTail = &p->pNextLoop;
    WhereLoop *pToDel;
    while( *ppTail ){
      ppTail = whereLoopFindLesser(ppTail, pTemplate);
      if( NEVER(ppTail==0) ) break;
      pToDel = *ppTail;
      if( pToDel==0 ) break;
      *ppTail = pToDel->pNextLoop;
#if WHERETRACE_ENABLED /* 0x8 */
      if( sqlite3WhereTrace & 0x8 ){
        sqlite3DebugPrintf("ins-del: ");
        whereLoopPrint(pToDel, pBuilder->pWC);
      }
#endif
      whereLoopDelete(db, pToDel);
    }
  }
  whereLoopXfer(db, p, pTemplate);
................................................................................
    }
    if( j<0 ){
      pLoop->nOut += (pTerm->truthProb<=0 ? pTerm->truthProb : -1);
    }
  }
}











/*
** We have so far matched pBuilder->pNew->u.btree.nEq terms of the 
** index pIndex. Try to match one more.
**
** When this function is called, pBuilder->pNew->nOut contains the 
** number of rows expected to be visited by filtering using the nEq 
** terms only. If it is modified, this value is restored before this 
................................................................................
  }else if( pProbe->tnum<=0 || (pSrc->jointype & JT_LEFT)!=0 ){
    opMask = WO_EQ|WO_IN|WO_GT|WO_GE|WO_LT|WO_LE;
  }else{
    opMask = WO_EQ|WO_IN|WO_ISNULL|WO_GT|WO_GE|WO_LT|WO_LE;
  }
  if( pProbe->bUnordered ) opMask &= ~(WO_GT|WO_GE|WO_LT|WO_LE);

  assert( pNew->u.btree.nEq<=pProbe->nKeyCol );
  if( pNew->u.btree.nEq < pProbe->nKeyCol ){
    iCol = pProbe->aiColumn[pNew->u.btree.nEq];
  }else{
    iCol = -1;
  }
  pTerm = whereScanInit(&scan, pBuilder->pWC, pSrc->iCursor, iCol,
                        opMask, pProbe);
  saved_nEq = pNew->u.btree.nEq;
  saved_nSkip = pNew->u.btree.nSkip;
  saved_nLTerm = pNew->nLTerm;
  saved_wsFlags = pNew->wsFlags;
  saved_prereq = pNew->prereq;
................................................................................
      }
      assert( nIn>0 );  /* RHS always has 2 or more terms...  The parser
                        ** changes "x IN (?)" into "x=?". */

    }else if( eOp & (WO_EQ) ){
      pNew->wsFlags |= WHERE_COLUMN_EQ;
      if( iCol<0 || (nInMul==0 && pNew->u.btree.nEq==pProbe->nKeyCol-1) ){
        if( iCol>=0 && pProbe->onError==OE_None ){
          pNew->wsFlags |= WHERE_UNQ_WANTED;
        }else{
          pNew->wsFlags |= WHERE_ONEROW;
        }
      }
    }else if( eOp & WO_ISNULL ){
      pNew->wsFlags |= WHERE_COLUMN_NULL;
................................................................................

      assert( pNew->nOut==saved_nOut );
      if( pTerm->truthProb<=0 && iCol>=0 ){
        assert( (eOp & WO_IN) || nIn==0 );
        testcase( eOp & WO_IN );
        pNew->nOut += pTerm->truthProb;
        pNew->nOut -= nIn;
        pNew->wsFlags |= WHERE_LIKELIHOOD;
      }else{
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
        tRowcnt nOut = 0;
        if( nInMul==0 
         && pProbe->nSample 
         && pNew->u.btree.nEq<=pProbe->nSampleCol
         && OptimizationEnabled(db, SQLITE_Stat3) 
         && ((eOp & WO_IN)==0 || !ExprHasProperty(pTerm->pExpr, EP_xIsSelect))
         && (pNew->wsFlags & WHERE_LIKELIHOOD)==0
        ){
          Expr *pExpr = pTerm->pExpr;
          if( (eOp & (WO_EQ|WO_ISNULL))!=0 ){
            testcase( eOp & WO_EQ );
            testcase( eOp & WO_ISNULL );
            rc = whereEqualScanEst(pParse, pBuilder, pExpr->pRight, &nOut);
          }else{
            rc = whereInScanEst(pParse, pBuilder, pExpr->x.pList, &nOut);
          }
          assert( rc!=SQLITE_OK || nOut>0 );
          if( rc==SQLITE_NOTFOUND ) rc = SQLITE_OK;
          if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) break;          /* Jump out of the pTerm loop */
          if( nOut ){
            pNew->nOut = sqlite3LogEst(nOut);
            if( pNew->nOut>saved_nOut ) pNew->nOut = saved_nOut;
            pNew->nOut -= nIn;
          }
................................................................................
    ** seek only. Then, if this is a non-covering index, add the cost of
    ** visiting the rows in the main table.  */
    rCostIdx = pNew->nOut + 1 + (15*pProbe->szIdxRow)/pSrc->pTab->szTabRow;
    pNew->rRun = sqlite3LogEstAdd(rLogSize, rCostIdx);
    if( (pNew->wsFlags & (WHERE_IDX_ONLY|WHERE_IPK))==0 ){
      pNew->rRun = sqlite3LogEstAdd(pNew->rRun, pNew->nOut + 16);
    }


    nOutUnadjusted = pNew->nOut;
    pNew->rRun += nInMul + nIn;
    pNew->nOut += nInMul + nIn;
    whereLoopOutputAdjust(pBuilder->pWC, pNew);
    rc = whereLoopInsert(pBuilder, pNew);

................................................................................
    if( pNew->wsFlags & WHERE_COLUMN_RANGE ){
      pNew->nOut = saved_nOut;
    }else{
      pNew->nOut = nOutUnadjusted;
    }

    if( (pNew->wsFlags & WHERE_TOP_LIMIT)==0
     && pNew->u.btree.nEq<(pProbe->nKeyCol + (pProbe->zName!=0))
    ){
      whereLoopAddBtreeIndex(pBuilder, pSrc, pProbe, nInMul+nIn);
    }
    pNew->nOut = saved_nOut;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
    pBuilder->nRecValid = nRecValid;
#endif
................................................................................
**
**     cost = nSeek * (log(nRow) + K * nVisit)          // covering index
**     cost = nSeek * (log(nRow) + (K+3.0) * nVisit)    // non-covering index
**
** Normally, nSeek is 1. nSeek values greater than 1 come about if the 
** WHERE clause includes "x IN (....)" terms used in place of "x=?". Or when 
** implicit "x IN (SELECT x FROM tbl)" terms are added for skip-scans.








*/
static int whereLoopAddBtree(
  WhereLoopBuilder *pBuilder, /* WHERE clause information */
  Bitmask mExtra              /* Extra prerequesites for using this table */
){
  WhereInfo *pWInfo;          /* WHERE analysis context */
  Index *pProbe;              /* An index we are evaluating */
................................................................................
    /* There is no INDEXED BY clause.  Create a fake Index object in local
    ** variable sPk to represent the rowid primary key index.  Make this
    ** fake index the first in a chain of Index objects with all of the real
    ** indices to follow */
    Index *pFirst;                  /* First of real indices on the table */
    memset(&sPk, 0, sizeof(Index));
    sPk.nKeyCol = 1;

    sPk.aiColumn = &aiColumnPk;
    sPk.aiRowLogEst = aiRowEstPk;
    sPk.onError = OE_Replace;
    sPk.pTable = pTab;
    sPk.szIdxRow = pTab->szTabRow;
    aiRowEstPk[0] = pTab->nRowLogEst;
    aiRowEstPk[1] = 0;
................................................................................
        pNew->u.btree.pIndex = 0;
        pNew->nLTerm = 1;
        pNew->aLTerm[0] = pTerm;
        /* TUNING: One-time cost for computing the automatic index is
        ** approximately 7*N*log2(N) where N is the number of rows in
        ** the table being indexed. */
        pNew->rSetup = rLogSize + rSize + 28;  assert( 28==sqlite3LogEst(7) );

        /* TUNING: Each index lookup yields 20 rows in the table.  This
        ** is more than the usual guess of 10 rows, since we have no way
        ** of knowning how selective the index will ultimately be.  It would
        ** not be unreasonable to make this value much larger. */
        pNew->nOut = 43;  assert( 43==sqlite3LogEst(20) );
        pNew->rRun = sqlite3LogEstAdd(rLogSize,pNew->nOut);
        pNew->wsFlags = WHERE_AUTO_INDEX;
................................................................................
      /* Integer primary key index */
      pNew->wsFlags = WHERE_IPK;

      /* Full table scan */
      pNew->iSortIdx = b ? iSortIdx : 0;
      /* TUNING: Cost of full table scan is (N*3.0). */
      pNew->rRun = rSize + 16;

      whereLoopOutputAdjust(pWC, pNew);
      rc = whereLoopInsert(pBuilder, pNew);
      pNew->nOut = rSize;
      if( rc ) break;
    }else{
      Bitmask m;
      if( pProbe->isCovering ){
................................................................................
        ** between 1.1 and 3.0, depending on the relative sizes of the
        ** index and table rows. If this is a non-covering index scan,
        ** also add the cost of visiting table rows (N*3.0).  */
        pNew->rRun = rSize + 1 + (15*pProbe->szIdxRow)/pTab->szTabRow;
        if( m!=0 ){
          pNew->rRun = sqlite3LogEstAdd(pNew->rRun, rSize+16);
        }

        whereLoopOutputAdjust(pWC, pNew);
        rc = whereLoopInsert(pBuilder, pNew);
        pNew->nOut = rSize;
        if( rc ) break;
      }
    }

................................................................................
      }else if( (pIndex = pLoop->u.btree.pIndex)==0 || pIndex->bUnordered ){
        return 0;
      }else{
        nKeyCol = pIndex->nKeyCol;
        nColumn = pIndex->nColumn;
        assert( nColumn==nKeyCol+1 || !HasRowid(pIndex->pTable) );
        assert( pIndex->aiColumn[nColumn-1]==(-1) || !HasRowid(pIndex->pTable));
        isOrderDistinct = pIndex->onError!=OE_None;
      }

      /* Loop through all columns of the index and deal with the ones
      ** that are not constrained by == or IN.
      */
      rev = revSet = 0;
      distinctColumns = 0;
................................................................................
  int i;
  for(i=0; i<nLoop; i++){ zName[i] = pPath->aLoop[i]->cId; }
  if( pLast ) zName[i++] = pLast->cId;
  zName[i] = 0;
  return zName;
}
#endif








































/*
** Given the list of WhereLoop objects at pWInfo->pLoops, this routine
** attempts to find the lowest cost path that visits each WhereLoop
** once.  This path is then loaded into the pWInfo->a[].pWLoop fields.
**
** Assume that the total number of output rows that will need to be sorted
................................................................................
  int nLoop;                /* Number of terms in the join */
  Parse *pParse;            /* Parsing context */
  sqlite3 *db;              /* The database connection */
  int iLoop;                /* Loop counter over the terms of the join */
  int ii, jj;               /* Loop counters */
  int mxI = 0;              /* Index of next entry to replace */
  int nOrderBy;             /* Number of ORDER BY clause terms */
  LogEst rCost;             /* Cost of a path */
  LogEst nOut;              /* Number of outputs */
  LogEst mxCost = 0;        /* Maximum cost of a set of paths */
  LogEst mxOut = 0;         /* Maximum nOut value on the set of paths */

  int nTo, nFrom;           /* Number of valid entries in aTo[] and aFrom[] */
  WherePath *aFrom;         /* All nFrom paths at the previous level */
  WherePath *aTo;           /* The nTo best paths at the current level */
  WherePath *pFrom;         /* An element of aFrom[] that we are working on */
  WherePath *pTo;           /* An element of aTo[] that we are working on */
  WhereLoop *pWLoop;        /* One of the WhereLoop objects */
  WhereLoop **pX;           /* Used to divy up the pSpace memory */

  char *pSpace;             /* Temporary memory used by this routine */


  pParse = pWInfo->pParse;
  db = pParse->db;
  nLoop = pWInfo->nLevel;
  /* TUNING: For simple queries, only the best path is tracked.
  ** For 2-way joins, the 5 best paths are followed.
  ** For joins of 3 or more tables, track the 10 best paths */
  mxChoice = (nLoop<=1) ? 1 : (nLoop==2 ? 5 : 10);
  assert( nLoop<=pWInfo->pTabList->nSrc );
  WHERETRACE(0x002, ("---- begin solver\n"));












  /* Allocate and initialize space for aTo and aFrom */
  ii = (sizeof(WherePath)+sizeof(WhereLoop*)*nLoop)*mxChoice*2;

  pSpace = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, ii);
  if( pSpace==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  aTo = (WherePath*)pSpace;
  aFrom = aTo+mxChoice;
  memset(aFrom, 0, sizeof(aFrom[0]));
  pX = (WhereLoop**)(aFrom+mxChoice);
  for(ii=mxChoice*2, pFrom=aTo; ii>0; ii--, pFrom++, pX += nLoop){
    pFrom->aLoop = pX;
  }













  /* Seed the search with a single WherePath containing zero WhereLoops.
  **
  ** TUNING: Do not let the number of iterations go above 25.  If the cost
  ** of computing an automatic index is not paid back within the first 25
  ** rows, then do not use the automatic index. */
  aFrom[0].nRow = MIN(pParse->nQueryLoop, 46);  assert( 46==sqlite3LogEst(25) );
  nFrom = 1;

  /* Precompute the cost of sorting the final result set, if the caller
  ** to sqlite3WhereBegin() was concerned about sorting */
  if( pWInfo->pOrderBy==0 || nRowEst==0 ){
    aFrom[0].isOrdered = 0;
    nOrderBy = 0;
  }else{
    aFrom[0].isOrdered = nLoop>0 ? -1 : 1;
    nOrderBy = pWInfo->pOrderBy->nExpr;
  }

  /* Compute successively longer WherePaths using the previous generation
  ** of WherePaths as the basis for the next.  Keep track of the mxChoice
  ** best paths at each generation */
  for(iLoop=0; iLoop<nLoop; iLoop++){
    nTo = 0;
    for(ii=0, pFrom=aFrom; ii<nFrom; ii++, pFrom++){
      for(pWLoop=pWInfo->pLoops; pWLoop; pWLoop=pWLoop->pNextLoop){




        Bitmask maskNew;
        Bitmask revMask = 0;
        i8 isOrdered = pFrom->isOrdered;

        if( (pWLoop->prereq & ~pFrom->maskLoop)!=0 ) continue;
        if( (pWLoop->maskSelf & pFrom->maskLoop)!=0 ) continue;
        /* At this point, pWLoop is a candidate to be the next loop. 
        ** Compute its cost */
        rCost = sqlite3LogEstAdd(pWLoop->rSetup,pWLoop->rRun + pFrom->nRow);
        rCost = sqlite3LogEstAdd(rCost, pFrom->rCost);
        nOut = pFrom->nRow + pWLoop->nOut;
        maskNew = pFrom->maskLoop | pWLoop->maskSelf;
        if( isOrdered<0 ){
          isOrdered = wherePathSatisfiesOrderBy(pWInfo,
                       pWInfo->pOrderBy, pFrom, pWInfo->wctrlFlags,
                       iLoop, pWLoop, &revMask);



          if( isOrdered>=0 && isOrdered<nOrderBy ){
            /* TUNING: Estimated cost of a full external sort, where N is 
            ** the number of rows to sort is:
            **
            **   cost = (3.0 * N * log(N)).
            ** 

            ** Or, if the order-by clause has X terms but only the last Y 
            ** terms are out of order, then block-sorting will reduce the 
            ** sorting cost to:
            **
            **   cost = (3.0 * N * log(N)) * (Y/X)
            **
            ** The (Y/X) term is implemented using stack variable rScale
            ** below.  */
            LogEst rScale, rSortCost;
            assert( nOrderBy>0 && 66==sqlite3LogEst(100) );
            rScale = sqlite3LogEst((nOrderBy-isOrdered)*100/nOrderBy) - 66;
            rSortCost = nRowEst + estLog(nRowEst) + rScale + 16;


            /* TUNING: The cost of implementing DISTINCT using a B-TREE is
            ** similar but with a larger constant of proportionality. 
            ** Multiply by an additional factor of 3.0.  */
            if( pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_WANT_DISTINCT ){
              rSortCost += 16;

            }
            WHERETRACE(0x002,
               ("---- sort cost=%-3d (%d/%d) increases cost %3d to %-3d\n",
                rSortCost, (nOrderBy-isOrdered), nOrderBy, rCost,
                sqlite3LogEstAdd(rCost,rSortCost)));
            rCost = sqlite3LogEstAdd(rCost, rSortCost);
          }

        }else{
          revMask = pFrom->revLoop;

        }

        /* Check to see if pWLoop should be added to the mxChoice best so far */










        for(jj=0, pTo=aTo; jj<nTo; jj++, pTo++){
          if( pTo->maskLoop==maskNew
           && ((pTo->isOrdered^isOrdered)&80)==0
           && ((pTo->rCost<=rCost && pTo->nRow<=nOut) ||
                (pTo->rCost>=rCost && pTo->nRow>=nOut))
          ){
            testcase( jj==nTo-1 );
            break;
          }
        }
        if( jj>=nTo ){

          if( nTo>=mxChoice && rCost>=mxCost ){





#ifdef WHERETRACE_ENABLED /* 0x4 */
            if( sqlite3WhereTrace&0x4 ){
              sqlite3DebugPrintf("Skip   %s cost=%-3d,%3d order=%c\n",
                  wherePathName(pFrom, iLoop, pWLoop), rCost, nOut,
                  isOrdered>=0 ? isOrdered+'0' : '?');
            }
#endif
            continue;
          }
          /* Add a new Path to the aTo[] set */

          if( nTo<mxChoice ){
            /* Increase the size of the aTo set by one */
            jj = nTo++;
          }else{
            /* New path replaces the prior worst to keep count below mxChoice */
            jj = mxI;
          }
................................................................................
          if( sqlite3WhereTrace&0x4 ){
            sqlite3DebugPrintf("New    %s cost=%-3d,%3d order=%c\n",
                wherePathName(pFrom, iLoop, pWLoop), rCost, nOut,
                isOrdered>=0 ? isOrdered+'0' : '?');
          }
#endif
        }else{
          if( pTo->rCost<=rCost && pTo->nRow<=nOut ){




#ifdef WHERETRACE_ENABLED /* 0x4 */
            if( sqlite3WhereTrace&0x4 ){
              sqlite3DebugPrintf(
                  "Skip   %s cost=%-3d,%3d order=%c",
                  wherePathName(pFrom, iLoop, pWLoop), rCost, nOut,
                  isOrdered>=0 ? isOrdered+'0' : '?');
              sqlite3DebugPrintf("   vs %s cost=%-3d,%d order=%c\n",
                  wherePathName(pTo, iLoop+1, 0), pTo->rCost, pTo->nRow,
                  pTo->isOrdered>=0 ? pTo->isOrdered+'0' : '?');
            }
#endif

            testcase( pTo->rCost==rCost );
            continue;
          }
          testcase( pTo->rCost==rCost+1 );
          /* A new and better score for a previously created equivalent path */

#ifdef WHERETRACE_ENABLED /* 0x4 */
          if( sqlite3WhereTrace&0x4 ){
            sqlite3DebugPrintf(
                "Update %s cost=%-3d,%3d order=%c",
                wherePathName(pFrom, iLoop, pWLoop), rCost, nOut,
                isOrdered>=0 ? isOrdered+'0' : '?');
            sqlite3DebugPrintf("  was %s cost=%-3d,%3d order=%c\n",
................................................................................
#endif
        }
        /* pWLoop is a winner.  Add it to the set of best so far */
        pTo->maskLoop = pFrom->maskLoop | pWLoop->maskSelf;
        pTo->revLoop = revMask;
        pTo->nRow = nOut;
        pTo->rCost = rCost;

        pTo->isOrdered = isOrdered;
        memcpy(pTo->aLoop, pFrom->aLoop, sizeof(WhereLoop*)*iLoop);
        pTo->aLoop[iLoop] = pWLoop;
        if( nTo>=mxChoice ){
          mxI = 0;
          mxCost = aTo[0].rCost;
          mxOut = aTo[0].nRow;
          for(jj=1, pTo=&aTo[1]; jj<mxChoice; jj++, pTo++){

            if( pTo->rCost>mxCost || (pTo->rCost==mxCost && pTo->nRow>mxOut) ){

              mxCost = pTo->rCost;
              mxOut = pTo->nRow;

              mxI = jj;
            }
          }
        }
      }
    }

................................................................................
    pLoop->u.btree.nEq = 1;
    /* TUNING: Cost of a rowid lookup is 10 */
    pLoop->rRun = 33;  /* 33==sqlite3LogEst(10) */
  }else{
    for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
      assert( pLoop->aLTermSpace==pLoop->aLTerm );
      assert( ArraySize(pLoop->aLTermSpace)==4 );
      if( pIdx->onError==OE_None 
       || pIdx->pPartIdxWhere!=0 
       || pIdx->nKeyCol>ArraySize(pLoop->aLTermSpace) 
      ) continue;
      for(j=0; j<pIdx->nKeyCol; j++){
        pTerm = findTerm(pWC, iCur, pIdx->aiColumn[j], 0, WO_EQ, pIdx);
        if( pTerm==0 ) break;
        pLoop->aLTerm[j] = pTerm;
................................................................................
          iIndexCur++;
          pJ = pJ->pNext;
        }
        op = OP_OpenWrite;
        pWInfo->aiCurOnePass[1] = iIndexCur;
      }else if( iIdxCur && (wctrlFlags & WHERE_ONETABLE_ONLY)!=0 ){
        iIndexCur = iIdxCur;

      }else{
        iIndexCur = pParse->nTab++;
      }
      pLevel->iIdxCur = iIndexCur;
      assert( pIx->pSchema==pTab->pSchema );
      assert( iIndexCur>=0 );
      if( op ){
................................................................................
    case '0': case '1': case '2': case '3': case '4':
    case '5': case '6': case '7': case '8': case '9': {
      testcase( z[0]=='0' );  testcase( z[0]=='1' );  testcase( z[0]=='2' );
      testcase( z[0]=='3' );  testcase( z[0]=='4' );  testcase( z[0]=='5' );
      testcase( z[0]=='6' );  testcase( z[0]=='7' );  testcase( z[0]=='8' );
      testcase( z[0]=='9' );
      *tokenType = TK_INTEGER;






      for(i=0; sqlite3Isdigit(z[i]); i++){}
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
      if( z[i]=='.' ){
        i++;
        while( sqlite3Isdigit(z[i]) ){ i++; }
        *tokenType = TK_FLOAT;
      }
................................................................................
}

/*
** Close an existing SQLite database
*/
static int sqlite3Close(sqlite3 *db, int forceZombie){
  if( !db ){


    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckSickOrOk(db) ){
    return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
  }
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);

................................................................................
  }
}

/*
** Return a static string containing the name corresponding to the error code
** specified in the argument.
*/
#if defined(SQLITE_TEST)
SQLITE_PRIVATE const char *sqlite3ErrName(int rc){
  const char *zName = 0;
  int i, origRc = rc;
  for(i=0; i<2 && zName==0; i++, rc &= 0xff){
    switch( rc ){
      case SQLITE_OK:                 zName = "SQLITE_OK";                break;
      case SQLITE_ERROR:              zName = "SQLITE_ERROR";             break;
................................................................................
      case SQLITE_IOERR_FSYNC:        zName = "SQLITE_IOERR_FSYNC";       break;
      case SQLITE_IOERR_DIR_FSYNC:    zName = "SQLITE_IOERR_DIR_FSYNC";   break;
      case SQLITE_IOERR_TRUNCATE:     zName = "SQLITE_IOERR_TRUNCATE";    break;
      case SQLITE_IOERR_FSTAT:        zName = "SQLITE_IOERR_FSTAT";       break;
      case SQLITE_IOERR_UNLOCK:       zName = "SQLITE_IOERR_UNLOCK";      break;
      case SQLITE_IOERR_RDLOCK:       zName = "SQLITE_IOERR_RDLOCK";      break;
      case SQLITE_IOERR_DELETE:       zName = "SQLITE_IOERR_DELETE";      break;
      case SQLITE_IOERR_BLOCKED:      zName = "SQLITE_IOERR_BLOCKED";     break;
      case SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM:        zName = "SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM";       break;
      case SQLITE_IOERR_ACCESS:       zName = "SQLITE_IOERR_ACCESS";      break;
      case SQLITE_IOERR_CHECKRESERVEDLOCK:
                                zName = "SQLITE_IOERR_CHECKRESERVEDLOCK"; break;
      case SQLITE_IOERR_LOCK:         zName = "SQLITE_IOERR_LOCK";        break;
      case SQLITE_IOERR_CLOSE:        zName = "SQLITE_IOERR_CLOSE";       break;
      case SQLITE_IOERR_DIR_CLOSE:    zName = "SQLITE_IOERR_DIR_CLOSE";   break;
................................................................................
  SQLITE_MAX_COLUMN,
  SQLITE_MAX_EXPR_DEPTH,
  SQLITE_MAX_COMPOUND_SELECT,
  SQLITE_MAX_VDBE_OP,
  SQLITE_MAX_FUNCTION_ARG,
  SQLITE_MAX_ATTACHED,
  SQLITE_MAX_LIKE_PATTERN_LENGTH,
  SQLITE_MAX_VARIABLE_NUMBER,
  SQLITE_MAX_TRIGGER_DEPTH,
};

/*
** Make sure the hard limits are set to reasonable values
*/
#if SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH<100
................................................................................
#endif
#if SQLITE_MAX_VDBE_OP<40
# error SQLITE_MAX_VDBE_OP must be at least 40
#endif
#if SQLITE_MAX_FUNCTION_ARG<0 || SQLITE_MAX_FUNCTION_ARG>1000
# error SQLITE_MAX_FUNCTION_ARG must be between 0 and 1000
#endif
#if SQLITE_MAX_ATTACHED<0 || SQLITE_MAX_ATTACHED>62
# error SQLITE_MAX_ATTACHED must be between 0 and 62
#endif
#if SQLITE_MAX_LIKE_PATTERN_LENGTH<1
# error SQLITE_MAX_LIKE_PATTERN_LENGTH must be at least 1
#endif
#if SQLITE_MAX_COLUMN>32767
# error SQLITE_MAX_COLUMN must not exceed 32767
#endif
................................................................................
    ** is called immediately after installing the new callback and the return
    ** value from sqlite3FaultSim(0) becomes the return from
    ** sqlite3_test_control().
    */
    case SQLITE_TESTCTRL_FAULT_INSTALL: {
      /* MSVC is picky about pulling func ptrs from va lists.
      ** http://support.microsoft.com/kb/47961
      ** sqlite3Config.xTestCallback = va_arg(ap, int(*)(int));
      */
      typedef int(*TESTCALLBACKFUNC_t)(int);
      sqlite3Config.xTestCallback = va_arg(ap, TESTCALLBACKFUNC_t);
      rc = sqlite3FaultSim(0);
      break;
    }

    /*
    **  sqlite3_test_control(BENIGN_MALLOC_HOOKS, xBegin, xEnd)
    **
................................................................................
      typedef void (*branch_callback)(void*,int,u8,u8);
      sqlite3GlobalConfig.xVdbeBranch = va_arg(ap,branch_callback);
      sqlite3GlobalConfig.pVdbeBranchArg = va_arg(ap,void*);
#endif
      break;
    }











  }
  va_end(ap);
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST */
  return rc;
}

/*
................................................................................
SQLITE_API sqlite3_int64 sqlite3_uri_int64(
  const char *zFilename,    /* Filename as passed to xOpen */
  const char *zParam,       /* URI parameter sought */
  sqlite3_int64 bDflt       /* return if parameter is missing */
){
  const char *z = sqlite3_uri_parameter(zFilename, zParam);
  sqlite3_int64 v;
  if( z && sqlite3Atoi64(z, &v, sqlite3Strlen30(z), SQLITE_UTF8)==SQLITE_OK ){
    bDflt = v;
  }
  return bDflt;
}

/*
** Return the Btree pointer identified by zDbName.  Return NULL if not found.
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Fts3MsrOvfl(Fts3Cursor *, Fts3MultiSegReader *, int *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Fts3MsrIncrRestart(Fts3MultiSegReader *pCsr);

/* fts3_tokenize_vtab.c */
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Fts3InitTok(sqlite3*, Fts3Hash *);

/* fts3_unicode2.c (functions generated by parsing unicode text files) */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS4_UNICODE61
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3FtsUnicodeFold(int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3FtsUnicodeIsalnum(int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3FtsUnicodeIsdiacritic(int);
#endif

#endif /* !SQLITE_CORE || SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3 */
#endif /* _FTSINT_H */
................................................................................
**
** Calling sqlite3Fts3SimpleTokenizerModule() sets the value pointed
** to by the argument to point to the "simple" tokenizer implementation.
** And so on.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Fts3SimpleTokenizerModule(sqlite3_tokenizer_module const**ppModule);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Fts3PorterTokenizerModule(sqlite3_tokenizer_module const**ppModule);
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS4_UNICODE61
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Fts3UnicodeTokenizer(sqlite3_tokenizer_module const**ppModule);
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_ICU
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Fts3IcuTokenizerModule(sqlite3_tokenizer_module const**ppModule);
#endif

/*
................................................................................
** function is called by the sqlite3_extension_init() entry point.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Fts3Init(sqlite3 *db){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  Fts3Hash *pHash = 0;
  const sqlite3_tokenizer_module *pSimple = 0;
  const sqlite3_tokenizer_module *pPorter = 0;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS4_UNICODE61
  const sqlite3_tokenizer_module *pUnicode = 0;
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_ICU
  const sqlite3_tokenizer_module *pIcu = 0;
  sqlite3Fts3IcuTokenizerModule(&pIcu);
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS4_UNICODE61
  sqlite3Fts3UnicodeTokenizer(&pUnicode);
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
  rc = sqlite3Fts3InitTerm(db);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
#endif
................................................................................
  }

  /* Load the built-in tokenizers into the hash table */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( sqlite3Fts3HashInsert(pHash, "simple", 7, (void *)pSimple)
     || sqlite3Fts3HashInsert(pHash, "porter", 7, (void *)pPorter) 

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS4_UNICODE61
     || sqlite3Fts3HashInsert(pHash, "unicode61", 10, (void *)pUnicode) 
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_ICU
     || (pIcu && sqlite3Fts3HashInsert(pHash, "icu", 4, (void *)pIcu))
#endif
    ){
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
................................................................................

    while( rc==SQLITE_OK && SQLITE_ROW==sqlite3_step(pStmt) ){
      i64 iDocid = sqlite3_column_int64(pStmt, 0);
      int iLang = langidFromSelect(p, pStmt);
      int iCol;

      for(iCol=0; rc==SQLITE_OK && iCol<p->nColumn; iCol++){

        const char *zText = (const char *)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, iCol+1);
        int nText = sqlite3_column_bytes(pStmt, iCol+1);
        sqlite3_tokenizer_cursor *pT = 0;

        rc = sqlite3Fts3OpenTokenizer(p->pTokenizer, iLang, zText, nText, &pT);
        while( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          char const *zToken;       /* Buffer containing token */
          int nToken = 0;           /* Number of bytes in token */
          int iDum1 = 0, iDum2 = 0; /* Dummy variables */
          int iPos = 0;             /* Position of token in zText */

          rc = pModule->xNext(pT, &zToken, &nToken, &iDum1, &iDum2, &iPos);
          if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
            int i;
            cksum2 = cksum2 ^ fts3ChecksumEntry(
                zToken, nToken, iLang, 0, iDocid, iCol, iPos
            );
            for(i=1; i<p->nIndex; i++){
              if( p->aIndex[i].nPrefix<=nToken ){
                cksum2 = cksum2 ^ fts3ChecksumEntry(
                  zToken, p->aIndex[i].nPrefix, iLang, i, iDocid, iCol, iPos
                );
              }
            }
          }
        }
        if( pT ) pModule->xClose(pT);
        if( rc==SQLITE_DONE ) rc = SQLITE_OK;

      }
    }

    sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
  }

  *pbOk = (cksum1==cksum2);
................................................................................
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
******************************************************************************
**
** Implementation of the "unicode" full-text-search tokenizer.
*/

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS4_UNICODE61

#if !defined(SQLITE_CORE) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3)

/* #include <assert.h> */
/* #include <stdlib.h> */
/* #include <stdio.h> */
/* #include <string.h> */
................................................................................
  pNew = (unicode_tokenizer *) sqlite3_malloc(sizeof(unicode_tokenizer));
  if( pNew==NULL ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  memset(pNew, 0, sizeof(unicode_tokenizer));
  pNew->bRemoveDiacritic = 1;

  for(i=0; rc==SQLITE_OK && i<nArg; i++){
    const char *z = azArg[i];
    int n = strlen(z);

    if( n==19 && memcmp("remove_diacritics=1", z, 19)==0 ){
      pNew->bRemoveDiacritic = 1;
    }
    else if( n==19 && memcmp("remove_diacritics=0", z, 19)==0 ){
      pNew->bRemoveDiacritic = 0;
    }
................................................................................
  int *pnToken,                   /* OUT: Number of bytes at *paToken */
  int *piStart,                   /* OUT: Starting offset of token */
  int *piEnd,                     /* OUT: Ending offset of token */
  int *piPos                      /* OUT: Position integer of token */
){
  unicode_cursor *pCsr = (unicode_cursor *)pC;
  unicode_tokenizer *p = ((unicode_tokenizer *)pCsr->base.pTokenizer);
  int iCode;
  char *zOut;
  const unsigned char *z = &pCsr->aInput[pCsr->iOff];
  const unsigned char *zStart = z;
  const unsigned char *zEnd;
  const unsigned char *zTerm = &pCsr->aInput[pCsr->nInput];

  /* Scan past any delimiter characters before the start of the next token.
................................................................................
    if( z>=zTerm ) break;
    READ_UTF8(z, zTerm, iCode);
  }while( unicodeIsAlnum(p, iCode) 
       || sqlite3FtsUnicodeIsdiacritic(iCode)
  );

  /* Set the output variables and return. */
  pCsr->iOff = (z - pCsr->aInput);
  *paToken = pCsr->zToken;
  *pnToken = zOut - pCsr->zToken;
  *piStart = (zStart - pCsr->aInput);
  *piEnd = (zEnd - pCsr->aInput);
  *piPos = pCsr->iToken++;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Set *ppModule to a pointer to the sqlite3_tokenizer_module 
** structure for the unicode tokenizer.
................................................................................
    unicodeNext,
    0,
  };
  *ppModule = &module;
}

#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_CORE) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3) */
#endif /* ifndef SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS4_UNICODE61 */

/************** End of fts3_unicode.c ****************************************/
/************** Begin file fts3_unicode2.c ***********************************/
/*
** 2012 May 25
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
................................................................................
******************************************************************************
*/

/*
** DO NOT EDIT THIS MACHINE GENERATED FILE.
*/

#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS4_UNICODE61)
#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS4)

/* #include <assert.h> */

/*
** Return true if the argument corresponds to a unicode codepoint
** classified as either a letter or a number. Otherwise false.
................................................................................
  ** The most significant 22 bits in each 32-bit value contain the first 
  ** codepoint in the range. The least significant 10 bits are used to store
  ** the size of the range (always at least 1). In other words, the value 
  ** ((C<<22) + N) represents a range of N codepoints starting with codepoint 
  ** C. It is not possible to represent a range larger than 1023 codepoints 
  ** using this format.
  */
  const static unsigned int aEntry[] = {
    0x00000030, 0x0000E807, 0x00016C06, 0x0001EC2F, 0x0002AC07,
    0x0002D001, 0x0002D803, 0x0002EC01, 0x0002FC01, 0x00035C01,
    0x0003DC01, 0x000B0804, 0x000B480E, 0x000B9407, 0x000BB401,
    0x000BBC81, 0x000DD401, 0x000DF801, 0x000E1002, 0x000E1C01,
    0x000FD801, 0x00120808, 0x00156806, 0x00162402, 0x00163C01,
    0x00164437, 0x0017CC02, 0x00180005, 0x00181816, 0x00187802,
    0x00192C15, 0x0019A804, 0x0019C001, 0x001B5001, 0x001B580F,
................................................................................
    0xFFFFFFFF, 0xFC00FFFF, 0xF8000001, 0xF8000001,
  };

  if( c<128 ){
    return ( (aAscii[c >> 5] & (1 << (c & 0x001F)))==0 );
  }else if( c<(1<<22) ){
    unsigned int key = (((unsigned int)c)<<10) | 0x000003FF;
    int iRes;
    int iHi = sizeof(aEntry)/sizeof(aEntry[0]) - 1;
    int iLo = 0;
    while( iHi>=iLo ){
      int iTest = (iHi + iLo) / 2;
      if( key >= aEntry[iTest] ){
        iRes = iTest;
        iLo = iTest+1;
................................................................................
      iLo = iTest+1;
    }else{
      iHi = iTest-1;
    }
  }
  assert( key>=aDia[iRes] );
  return ((c > (aDia[iRes]>>3) + (aDia[iRes]&0x07)) ? c : (int)aChar[iRes]);
};


/*
** Return true if the argument interpreted as a unicode codepoint
** is a diacritical modifier character.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3FtsUnicodeIsdiacritic(int c){
................................................................................
  else if( c>=66560 && c<66600 ){
    ret = c + 40;
  }

  return ret;
}
#endif /* defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS4) */
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS4_UNICODE61) */

/************** End of fts3_unicode2.c ***************************************/
/************** Begin file rtree.c *******************************************/
/*
** 2001 September 15
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
................................................................................
  RtreeNode *pRoot = 0;
  int ii;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  int iCell = 0;

  rtreeReference(pRtree);


  freeCursorConstraints(pCsr);
  pCsr->iStrategy = idxNum;





  if( idxNum==1 ){
    /* Special case - lookup by rowid. */
    RtreeNode *pLeaf;        /* Leaf on which the required cell resides */
    RtreeSearchPoint *p;     /* Search point for the the leaf */
    i64 iRowid = sqlite3_value_int64(argv[0]);
    i64 iNode = 0;
    rc = findLeafNode(pRtree, iRowid, &pLeaf, &iNode);


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1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
...
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
...
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
...
497
498
499
500
501
502
503

504
505
506
507
508
509
510
511

512
513
514
515
516
517
518
...
542
543
544
545
546
547
548

549
550
551
552
553
554
555
556
557
558
559
560
561






562
563
564
565
566
567
568
...
787
788
789
790
791
792
793
794
795
796
797
798
799
800
801
...
860
861
862
863
864
865
866
867
868
869
870
871
872
873
874
....
2140
2141
2142
2143
2144
2145
2146
2147
2148
2149
2150
2151
2152
2153
2154
2155
2156
2157
2158
2159
2160
2161
2162
2163
2164
2165
2166

2167
2168
2169
2170
2171
2172
2173
2174
2175
2176
2177
2178
2179
2180
2181
2182
2183
2184
2185
2186















2187
2188
2189
2190
2191
2192
2193
2194
2195
2196
2197
2198
2199
2200
2201
2202
....
2204
2205
2206
2207
2208
2209
2210
2211
2212
2213
2214
2215
2216
2217
2218
2219
2220
2221
2222
2223
2224
2225
2226
2227
2228
....
2616
2617
2618
2619
2620
2621
2622
2623
2624
2625
2626
2627
2628
2629
2630
2631
....
4803
4804
4805
4806
4807
4808
4809
4810
4811
4812
4813
4814
4815
4816
4817
4818
4819
4820
4821
4822
4823
....
4829
4830
4831
4832
4833
4834
4835
4836
4837
4838
4839
4840
4841
4842
4843
4844
4845
4846
4847
....
5968
5969
5970
5971
5972
5973
5974
5975
5976
5977
5978
5979
5980
5981
5982
5983
5984
5985
5986
5987
....
6177
6178
6179
6180
6181
6182
6183
6184
6185
6186
6187
6188
6189
6190
6191
6192
6193
....
6275
6276
6277
6278
6279
6280
6281
6282
6283
6284
6285
6286
6287
6288
6289
6290
....
7259
7260
7261
7262
7263
7264
7265
7266
7267
7268
7269
7270
7271
7272
7273
7274
7275
....
7279
7280
7281
7282
7283
7284
7285
7286
7287
7288
7289
7290
7291
7292
7293
7294
7295
7296
....
7305
7306
7307
7308
7309
7310
7311
7312
7313
7314
7315
7316
7317
7318
7319
7320
7321
7322
7323
7324
7325
7326
7327
7328
7329
7330
7331
7332
7333
....
7457
7458
7459
7460
7461
7462
7463
7464
7465
7466
7467
7468
7469
7470
7471
....
9299
9300
9301
9302
9303
9304
9305
9306
9307
9308
9309
9310
9311
9312
9313
9314
9315
9316
9317
9318
9319
9320
9321
9322
9323
9324

9325
9326
9327
9328
9329

9330
9331
9332
9333
9334
9335
9336
9337
9338
9339
9340
9341
9342
9343
9344
9345
9346
9347
9348
9349
9350
9351
9352
9353
9354
9355
9356
9357
9358
9359
9360
9361
9362
9363
9364
9365
9366
9367
9368
9369
9370
9371
9372
9373
9374
9375
9376
9377
9378
9379
9380
9381
9382
9383
9384
9385
9386

9387
9388
9389

9390
9391
9392
9393
9394
9395
9396

9397
9398
9399
9400
9401
9402
9403
9404
9405
9406
9407
9408
9409
9410
9411
9412
9413
9414
9415
9416
9417
9418
9419
....
9427
9428
9429
9430
9431
9432
9433
9434
9435
9436
9437
9438
9439
9440
9441
9442
9443
9444
9445
9446
9447
9448
9449
9450
9451
9452
9453
....
9494
9495
9496
9497
9498
9499
9500
9501
9502
9503
9504
9505
9506
9507
9508
.....
10346
10347
10348
10349
10350
10351
10352
10353
10354
10355
10356
10357
10358
10359
10360
10361
10362
10363
10364
10365
10366
10367
10368
10369
10370
10371
.....
10947
10948
10949
10950
10951
10952
10953
10954
10955
10956
10957
10958
10959
10960
10961
10962
10963
.....
11190
11191
11192
11193
11194
11195
11196
11197
11198
11199
11200
11201
11202
11203
11204
11205
11206
.....
11612
11613
11614
11615
11616
11617
11618
11619
11620
11621
11622
11623
11624
11625
11626
.....
11869
11870
11871
11872
11873
11874
11875
11876
11877
11878
11879
11880
11881
11882
11883
11884
11885
11886
11887
11888
11889
11890
11891
11892
11893
11894
11895
.....
12554
12555
12556
12557
12558
12559
12560
12561
12562
12563
12564
12565
12566
12567
12568
12569
12570
.....
12807
12808
12809
12810
12811
12812
12813
12814
12815
12816
12817
12818
12819
12820
12821
.....
12837
12838
12839
12840
12841
12842
12843
12844
12845
12846
12847
12848
12849
12850
12851
.....
12922
12923
12924
12925
12926
12927
12928
12929
12930
12931
12932
12933
12934
12935
12936
12937
12938
.....
13061
13062
13063
13064
13065
13066
13067
13068
13069
13070
13071
13072
13073
13074
13075
13076
13077
13078
13079
13080
13081
13082
13083
13084
13085
13086
13087
13088
13089
.....
13922
13923
13924
13925
13926
13927
13928
13929
13930
13931
13932
13933
13934
13935
13936
13937
13938
13939
13940
13941
13942
13943
13944
13945
13946
13947
.....
14252
14253
14254
14255
14256
14257
14258

14259
14260
14261
14262
14263
14264
14265
.....
18446
18447
18448
18449
18450
18451
18452
18453
18454
18455
18456
18457
18458
18459
18460
.....
18627
18628
18629
18630
18631
18632
18633
18634
18635
18636
18637
18638
18639
18640
18641
.....
18824
18825
18826
18827
18828
18829
18830
18831
18832
18833
18834
18835
18836
18837
18838
18839
18840
18841
18842
18843
18844
.....
18859
18860
18861
18862
18863
18864
18865
18866
18867
18868
18869
18870
18871
18872
18873
18874
18875
.....
19097
19098
19099
19100
19101
19102
19103
19104
19105
19106
19107
19108
19109
19110
19111
19112
19113
19114
19115
19116
19117
19118
19119
19120
19121
19122
19123
19124
19125
19126
19127
19128
19129
19130
19131
19132
19133
19134
19135
19136
19137
19138
19139
19140
19141
19142
19143
19144
19145
19146
19147
19148
19149
19150
19151
19152
19153
19154
19155
19156
19157
19158
19159
19160
19161
19162
19163
19164
19165
19166
19167
19168
19169
19170
19171
19172
19173
19174
19175
19176
19177
19178
19179
19180
19181
19182
19183
19184
19185
19186
19187
19188
19189
19190
19191
19192
19193
19194
19195
19196
19197
19198
19199
19200
19201
19202
19203
19204
19205
19206
19207
19208
19209
19210
19211
19212
19213
19214
19215
19216
19217
19218
19219
19220
19221
19222
19223
19224
19225
19226
19227
19228
19229
19230
19231
19232
19233
19234
19235
19236
19237
19238
19239
19240
19241
19242
19243
19244
19245
19246
19247
19248
19249
19250
19251
19252
19253
19254
19255
19256
19257
19258
19259
19260
19261
19262
19263
19264
19265
19266
19267
19268
19269
19270
19271
19272
19273
19274
19275
19276
19277
19278
19279
19280
19281
19282
19283
19284
19285
19286
19287
19288
19289
19290
19291
19292
19293
19294
19295
19296
19297
19298
19299
19300
19301
19302
19303
19304
19305
19306
19307
19308
19309
19310
19311
19312
19313
19314
19315
19316
19317
19318
19319
19320
19321
19322
19323
19324
19325
19326
19327
.....
19393
19394
19395
19396
19397
19398
19399
19400
19401
19402
19403
19404
19405
19406
19407
19408
19409
19410
19411
19412
19413
19414
19415
19416
19417
19418
19419
19420
19421
19422
19423
19424
19425
19426
19427
19428
19429
19430


































19431
19432
19433
19434
19435
19436
19437
19438
19439
19440
19441
19442
19443
19444
19445
19446
19447
19448
19449

19450
19451
19452
19453
19454
19455
19456
19457
19458
19459
19460
19461
19462
19463
19464
19465
19466
19467
19468
19469


19470
19471
19472
19473
19474
19475
19476
19477
19478
19479
19480
19481
19482
19483
19484
19485
19486
19487
19488
19489
19490
19491
19492
19493
19494
19495
19496
19497
19498
19499
19500
19501
19502
19503
19504
19505
19506
19507
19508
19509
19510
19511
19512
19513
19514
19515
19516
19517
19518
.....
19519
19520
19521
19522
19523
19524
19525
19526
19527
19528
19529
19530
19531
19532
19533
19534
19535
19536
19537
19538
19539
.....
19548
19549
19550
19551
19552
19553
19554
19555
19556
19557
19558
19559
19560
19561
19562
19563
19564
19565
19566
19567
19568
19569
19570
19571
19572
19573
19574
19575
19576
19577
19578
19579
19580
19581

19582
19583
19584
19585
19586
19587
19588
19589
19590
19591
19592
19593
19594
19595
19596
19597
.....
19599
19600
19601
19602
19603
19604
19605
19606
19607
19608
19609
19610
19611
19612
19613
19614
19615
19616
19617
.....
19620
19621
19622
19623
19624
19625
19626
19627
19628
19629
19630
19631
19632
19633
19634
19635
19636
19637
19638
19639
19640
19641
19642
19643
19644
19645
19646
19647
19648
19649

19650
19651
19652
19653
19654
19655
19656
19657
19658
19659
19660
19661
19662
19663
19664
19665
19666
19667
19668
19669
19670
19671
19672
19673
19674
19675
19676
19677
19678
19679
19680
19681
19682
19683
19684
19685
19686
19687
19688
19689
19690
19691
19692
19693
19694
19695
19696
19697
19698
19699
19700
19701
19702
19703
19704
19705
19706
19707
19708
19709
19710
19711
19712
19713
19714
19715
19716
19717
19718
19719
19720
19721
19722
19723
.....
19731
19732
19733
19734
19735
19736
19737

19738
19739
19740
19741
19742
19743
19744
19745
19746
19747
.....
21850
21851
21852
21853
21854
21855
21856
21857
21858
21859
21860
21861
21862
21863
21864
21865
.....
22708
22709
22710
22711
22712
22713
22714

22715
22716
22717
22718
22719
22720
22721
22722
22723
22724
.....
22797
22798
22799
22800
22801
22802
22803
22804
22805
22806
22807
22808
22809
22810
22811
22812
22813
22814
22815
22816
22817
22818
22819
22820
22821
22822
22823
22824
22825
22826
22827
22828
22829
22830
22831
22832
22833
22834
22835
22836
22837
22838
22839
22840
22841
22842
22843
22844
22845
22846
22847
22848
.....
22850
22851
22852
22853
22854
22855
22856
22857
22858
22859
22860
22861
22862
22863
22864
22865
22866
22867
22868
22869
22870
22871
22872
22873
22874
22875
22876
22877
22878
22879
22880
22881
22882
.....
23944
23945
23946
23947
23948
23949
23950
23951
23952
23953
23954
23955
23956
23957
23958
23959
23960
23961
23962
23963
23964
23965
23966
23967
23968
23969

23970
23971
23972
23973
23974

23975
23976
23977
23978
23979
23980
23981
23982
23983
23984
23985
23986
23987
23988
23989
23990
23991
23992
23993
23994
23995
23996
23997
23998
23999
24000
24001
24002
24003
24004
24005
24006
24007
24008
24009
24010
24011
24012
24013
24014
24015
24016
24017
24018
24019
24020
24021
24022
24023
24024
24025
24026
24027
24028
24029
24030
24031

24032
24033
24034
24035
24036
24037
24038
24039
24040
24041

24042
24043
24044
24045
24046
24047
24048
24049
24050
24051
24052
24053
24054
24055
24056
24057
24058
24059
24060
24061
24062
24063
24064
.....
24153
24154
24155
24156
24157
24158
24159
24160
24161
24162

24163
24164
24165
24166
24167
24168
24169
24170
.....
24584
24585
24586
24587
24588
24589
24590
24591
24592
24593
24594
24595
24596
24597
24598
24599
24600
24601
24602
.....
24644
24645
24646
24647
24648
24649
24650
24651
24652
24653
24654
24655
24656
24657
24658
.....
24661
24662
24663
24664
24665
24666
24667
24668
24669
24670
24671
24672
24673
24674
24675
.....
24715
24716
24717
24718
24719
24720
24721


24722
24723
24724
24725
24726
24727
24728
24729
24730
24731
24732
.....
25031
25032
25033
25034
25035
25036
25037










25038
25039
25040
25041
25042
25043
25044
.....
25563
25564
25565
25566
25567
25568
25569
25570
25571
25572
25573
25574
25575
25576
25577
25578
25579
25580
25581
25582
25583
.....
26182
26183
26184
26185
26186
26187
26188
26189
26190
26191
26192
26193
26194
26195
26196
26197
26198
26199
26200
26201
26202
.....
26712
26713
26714
26715
26716
26717
26718

26719
26720
26721
26722
26723
26724
26725
.....
26764
26765
26766
26767
26768
26769
26770

26771
26772
26773
26774
26775
26776
26777
.....
28226
28227
28228
28229
28230
28231
28232
28233
28234
28235
28236
28237
28238
28239
28240
28241
28242
28243
28244
28245
28246
28247
28248
28249
28250
28251
28252
28253
28254
28255
28256
28257
28258
.....
28395
28396
28397
28398
28399
28400
28401














28402
28403
28404
28405
28406
28407
28408
.....
30044
30045
30046
30047
30048
30049
30050
30051
30052
30053
30054
30055
30056
30057
30058
30059
30060
30061
30062
30063
.....
30150
30151
30152
30153
30154
30155
30156
30157
30158
30159
30160
30161
30162
30163
30164
30165
30166
30167
30168
.....
32051
32052
32053
32054
32055
32056
32057
32058
32059




32060
32061
32062
32063
32064
32065
32066
32067
32068
32069
32070
32071
32072
.....
32130
32131
32132
32133
32134
32135
32136
32137
32138
32139
32140
32141
32142
32143
32144
.....
32179
32180
32181
32182
32183
32184
32185
32186
32187
32188
32189
32190
32191
32192
32193
.....
32229
32230
32231
32232
32233
32234
32235
32236
32237
32238
32239
32240
32241
32242
32243
.....
32389
32390
32391
32392
32393
32394
32395
32396
32397

32398
32399
32400
32401
32402
32403
32404
32405
.....
33022
33023
33024
33025
33026
33027
33028
33029
33030
33031
33032
33033
33034
33035
33036
33037
33038
33039
33040
33041
33042
33043
33044
33045
33046
33047
33048
33049
33050
33051
.....
33288
33289
33290
33291
33292
33293
33294
33295
33296
33297
33298
33299
33300
33301
33302
33303
33304
33305
33306
33307
33308
33309

33310
33311
33312
33313
33314
33315
33316
33317
33318

33319
33320
33321
33322
33323
33324

33325
33326
33327
33328
33329
33330
33331
33332
33333
.....
33527
33528
33529
33530
33531
33532
33533
33534
33535
33536
33537
33538
33539
33540
33541
.....
33580
33581
33582
33583
33584
33585
33586
33587
33588
33589
33590
33591
33592
33593
33594
.....
33654
33655
33656
33657
33658
33659
33660
33661
33662
33663
33664
33665
33666
33667
33668
.....
33794
33795
33796
33797
33798
33799
33800
33801
33802
33803
33804
33805
33806
33807
33808
33809
33810
33811
33812
.....
33829
33830
33831
33832
33833
33834
33835
33836
33837
33838
33839
33840
33841
33842
33843
.....
33904
33905
33906
33907
33908
33909
33910
33911
33912
33913
33914
33915
33916
33917
33918
.....
33998
33999
34000
34001
34002
34003
34004
34005
34006
34007
34008
34009
34010
34011
34012
34013
34014
34015
34016
34017
34018
34019
34020
34021
34022
34023
34024
34025
34026
34027
34028
34029
34030
34031
34032
34033
.....
34045
34046
34047
34048
34049
34050
34051
34052
34053
34054
34055
34056
34057
34058
34059
.....
34083
34084
34085
34086
34087
34088
34089
34090
34091
34092
34093
34094
34095
34096
34097
34098
34099
34100
34101
34102
34103
.....
34300
34301
34302
34303
34304
34305
34306
34307
34308
34309
34310
34311
34312
34313
34314
34315
.....
34316
34317
34318
34319
34320
34321
34322
34323
34324
34325
34326
34327
34328
34329
34330
34331
34332
34333
34334
.....
34403
34404
34405
34406
34407
34408
34409
34410
34411
34412
34413
34414
34415
34416
34417
.....
35251
35252
35253
35254
35255
35256
35257
35258
35259
35260
35261
35262
35263
35264
35265
35266
35267
35268
35269
35270
35271
35272
35273
35274
35275
35276
35277
35278
35279
35280
35281
.....
35297
35298
35299
35300
35301
35302
35303
35304
35305
35306
35307
35308
35309
35310
35311
35312
35313
35314
.....
35396
35397
35398
35399
35400
35401
35402
35403
35404
35405
35406
35407
35408
35409
35410
.....
35492
35493
35494
35495
35496
35497
35498
35499
35500
35501
35502
35503
35504
35505
35506
.....
35529
35530
35531
35532
35533
35534
35535
35536
35537
35538
35539
35540
35541
35542
35543
.....
35558
35559
35560
35561
35562
35563
35564
35565
35566
35567
35568
35569
35570
35571
35572
.....
35578
35579
35580
35581
35582
35583
35584
35585
35586
35587
35588
35589
35590
35591
35592
.....
35667
35668
35669
35670
35671
35672
35673
35674
35675
35676
35677
35678
35679
35680
35681
.....
35706
35707
35708
35709
35710
35711
35712
35713
35714
35715
35716
35717
35718
35719
35720
.....
35726
35727
35728
35729
35730
35731
35732
35733
35734
35735
35736
35737
35738
35739
35740
.....
35741
35742
35743
35744
35745
35746
35747
35748
35749
35750
35751
35752
35753
35754
35755
35756
35757
35758
35759
35760
35761
35762
35763
35764
35765
35766
35767
35768
35769
35770
.....
35828
35829
35830
35831
35832
35833
35834
35835
35836
35837
35838
35839
35840
35841
35842
35843
35844
35845
35846
35847
35848
35849
35850
35851
35852
.....
35935
35936
35937
35938
35939
35940
35941
35942
35943
35944
35945
35946
35947
35948
35949
35950
35951
35952
35953
35954
35955
35956
.....
35971
35972
35973
35974
35975
35976
35977
35978
35979
35980
35981
35982
35983
35984
35985
.....
36043
36044
36045
36046
36047
36048
36049
36050
36051
36052
36053
36054
36055
36056
36057
.....
36078
36079
36080
36081
36082
36083
36084
36085
36086
36087
36088
36089
36090
36091
36092
36093
36094
36095
36096
36097
36098
36099
36100
36101
36102
36103
36104
36105
.....
36237
36238
36239
36240
36241
36242
36243
36244
36245
36246
36247
36248
36249
36250
36251
.....
36419
36420
36421
36422
36423
36424
36425
36426
36427
36428
36429
36430
36431
36432
36433
.....
36522
36523
36524
36525
36526
36527
36528
36529
36530
36531
36532
36533
36534
36535
36536
36537
36538
36539
36540
36541
36542
36543
36544
36545
36546
36547
36548
36549
36550
36551
36552
36553
36554
36555
36556
36557
36558
36559
36560
36561
36562
36563
36564
36565
36566
36567
.....
36568
36569
36570
36571
36572
36573
36574
36575
36576
36577
36578
36579
36580
36581
36582
36583
.....
36609
36610
36611
36612
36613
36614
36615
36616
36617
36618
36619
36620
36621
36622
36623
36624
.....
36699
36700
36701
36702
36703
36704
36705
36706
36707
36708
36709
36710
36711
36712
36713
.....
36908
36909
36910
36911
36912
36913
36914
36915
36916
36917
36918
36919
36920
36921
36922
36923
36924
36925
36926
36927
36928
36929
.....
37014
37015
37016
37017
37018
37019
37020
37021
37022
37023
37024
37025
37026
37027
37028
.....
37327
37328
37329
37330
37331
37332
37333
37334
37335
37336
37337
37338
37339
37340
37341
37342
37343
37344
37345
37346
37347
37348
37349
37350
37351
37352
37353
37354
.....
37356
37357
37358
37359
37360
37361
37362
37363
37364
37365
37366
37367
37368
37369
37370
.....
37475
37476
37477
37478
37479
37480
37481
37482
37483
37484
37485
37486
37487
37488
37489
.....
37493
37494
37495
37496
37497
37498
37499
37500
37501
37502
37503
37504
37505
37506
37507
37508
37509
37510
.....
49572
49573
49574
49575
49576
49577
49578
49579
49580
49581
49582
49583
49584
49585
49586
49587
49588
49589
49590
49591
49592
49593
49594
49595
.....
51697
51698
51699
51700
51701
51702
51703
51704
51705
51706
51707
51708
51709
51710
51711
.....
53167
53168
53169
53170
53171
53172
53173
53174
53175
53176
53177
53178
53179
53180
53181
.....
57276
57277
57278
57279
57280
57281
57282
57283
57284
57285
57286
57287
57288
57289
57290
57291
.....
61966
61967
61968
61969
61970
61971
61972
61973
61974
61975
61976
61977
61978
61979
61980
61981
61982
61983
61984
61985
61986
61987
61988
61989
61990
61991
61992
61993
61994
61995
61996
61997
61998
61999
62000
62001
62002
62003
62004
62005
62006
62007
62008
62009
62010
62011
62012
62013
62014
62015
62016
62017
62018
62019
62020
62021
62022
62023
62024
62025
62026
62027
62028
62029
62030
62031
62032
62033
62034
62035
62036
62037
62038
62039
62040
62041
.....
62068
62069
62070
62071
62072
62073
62074
62075
62076
62077
62078


62079
62080
62081
62082
62083
62084
62085
62086
62087
62088




62089
62090
62091
62092

62093
62094
62095
62096
62097
62098
62099
62100
62101
62102
62103
62104
62105









62106
62107

62108
62109
62110
62111
62112
62113
62114
62115
62116
62117
62118
62119
62120
62121
62122
62123
62124
62125
62126
62127
62128
62129
62130
62131
62132


62133
62134
62135
62136
62137
62138
62139
62140
62141
62142
62143
62144

62145
62146
62147
62148
62149
62150
62151

62152
62153
62154
62155
62156
62157
62158
62159
62160
62161
.....
62294
62295
62296
62297
62298
62299
62300
62301
62302
62303
62304
62305
62306
62307
62308
62309
62310
62311
62312
62313
62314
62315
62316
62317
62318
62319
62320
62321
62322
62323
62324
62325
62326
62327
62328
62329
62330
62331
62332
62333
62334
62335
62336
.....
62366
62367
62368
62369
62370
62371
62372
62373
62374
62375
62376
62377
62378
62379
62380
.....
62726
62727
62728
62729
62730
62731
62732
62733
62734
62735
62736
62737
62738
62739
62740
.....
62753
62754
62755
62756
62757
62758
62759
62760
62761
62762
62763
62764
62765
62766
62767
.....
62768
62769
62770
62771
62772
62773
62774
62775
62776
62777
62778
62779
62780
62781
62782
.....
62953
62954
62955
62956
62957
62958
62959
62960
62961
62962
62963
62964
62965
62966
62967
.....
63338
63339
63340
63341
63342
63343
63344
63345
63346
63347
63348
63349
63350
63351
63352
63353
63354
.....
63368
63369
63370
63371
63372
63373
63374

63375
63376
63377
63378
63379
63380
63381
63382
63383
63384
63385
63386
63387
63388
63389
63390
63391
63392
63393
63394
63395

63396
63397
63398
63399
63400
63401
63402
63403
63404
63405
63406
63407
63408
63409
63410
63411
.....
64368
64369
64370
64371
64372
64373
64374
64375
64376
64377
64378
64379
64380
64381
64382
.....
64528
64529
64530
64531
64532
64533
64534

64535
64536
64537
64538
64539
64540
64541
.....
65012
65013
65014
65015
65016
65017
65018
65019
65020
65021
65022
65023
65024
65025
65026
.....
65042
65043
65044
65045
65046
65047
65048
65049
65050
65051
65052
65053

65054
65055
65056
65057
65058
65059
65060
.....
65813
65814
65815
65816
65817
65818
65819
65820
65821
65822
65823
65824
65825
65826
65827
.....
65979
65980
65981
65982
65983
65984
65985
65986
65987
65988
65989
65990
65991
65992
65993
.....
67564
67565
67566
67567
67568
67569
67570
67571
67572
67573
67574
67575
67576
67577
67578
.....
68014
68015
68016
68017
68018
68019
68020
68021
68022
68023
68024
68025
68026
68027
68028
68029
68030
68031
68032
68033
.....
68128
68129
68130
68131
68132
68133
68134

68135
68136
68137
68138
68139
68140
68141
68142
68143
68144
68145
68146
68147

68148
68149
68150
68151
68152
68153
68154
68155
68156
.....
68179
68180
68181
68182
68183
68184
68185
68186
68187
68188
68189
68190
68191
68192
68193
.....
68760
68761
68762
68763
68764
68765
68766
68767
68768
68769
68770
68771
68772
68773
68774
68775
68776
68777
68778
68779
68780
68781
.....
68783
68784
68785
68786
68787
68788
68789
68790
68791
68792
68793
68794
68795
68796
68797
68798
68799
68800
68801
.....
68804
68805
68806
68807
68808
68809
68810
68811
68812
68813

68814
68815
68816
68817
68818

68819
68820
68821
68822
68823
68824
68825
68826
68827
.....
68976
68977
68978
68979
68980
68981
68982
68983
68984
68985
68986
68987
68988
68989
68990
.....
70198
70199
70200
70201
70202
70203
70204
70205
70206
70207
70208
70209
70210
70211
70212
70213
70214
70215
70216
70217
70218
70219
.....
70222
70223
70224
70225
70226
70227
70228
70229
70230
70231
70232
70233
70234
70235
70236
70237
70238
70239
70240
70241
70242
.....
71040
71041
71042
71043
71044
71045
71046
71047
71048
71049
71050
71051
71052
71053
71054
.....
71135
71136
71137
71138
71139
71140
71141
71142
71143
71144
71145
71146
71147
71148
71149
.....
71156
71157
71158
71159
71160
71161
71162
71163
71164
71165
71166
71167
71168
71169
71170
.....
71211
71212
71213
71214
71215
71216
71217
71218
71219
71220
71221
71222
71223
71224
71225
71226
71227
71228
71229
71230
71231
71232
71233
71234
71235
71236
71237
71238
71239
.....
71247
71248
71249
71250
71251
71252
71253
71254
71255
71256
71257
71258
71259
71260
71261
71262
71263
71264
71265
71266
71267
71268
71269
71270
71271
71272
71273
.....
71274
71275
71276
71277
71278
71279
71280
71281
71282
71283
71284
71285
71286
71287
71288
71289
71290
71291
71292
71293
71294
71295
71296
71297
71298
71299
71300
71301
.....
71332
71333
71334
71335
71336
71337
71338
71339
71340
71341
71342
71343
71344
71345
71346
.....
71487
71488
71489
71490
71491
71492
71493
71494
71495
71496
71497
71498
71499
71500
71501
71502
71503
71504
71505
71506
71507
71508
71509
71510
71511
71512
71513
71514
71515
71516
71517
71518
71519
71520
71521
71522
71523
71524
71525
71526
71527
71528
71529
71530
71531
71532
71533
71534
71535
71536
71537
71538
71539
71540
71541
71542
71543
71544
71545
71546
71547
71548
71549
71550
71551
71552
71553
71554
71555
71556
71557
71558
71559
71560
71561
71562
71563
71564
71565
71566
71567
71568
71569
.....
71582
71583
71584
71585
71586
71587
71588
71589
71590
71591
71592
71593
71594
71595
71596
71597
71598
71599
71600
71601
71602
71603
71604
.....
71739
71740
71741
71742
71743
71744
71745
71746
71747
71748
71749
71750
71751
71752
71753
71754
71755
71756
.....
71758
71759
71760
71761
71762
71763
71764
71765
71766
71767
71768
71769
71770
71771
71772
71773
71774
71775
.....
71781
71782
71783
71784
71785
71786
71787
71788
71789
71790
71791
71792
71793
71794
71795
71796
71797
71798
.....
71808
71809
71810
71811
71812
71813
71814
71815
71816
71817
71818
71819
71820
71821
71822
71823
71824
.....
71881
71882
71883
71884
71885
71886
71887
71888
71889
71890
71891
71892
71893
71894
71895
71896
71897
71898
.....
71899
71900
71901
71902
71903
71904
71905
71906
71907
71908
71909
71910
71911
71912
71913
71914
71915
.....
72204
72205
72206
72207
72208
72209
72210
72211
72212
72213
72214
72215
72216
72217
72218
.....
72264
72265
72266
72267
72268
72269
72270
72271
72272
72273
72274
72275
72276
72277
72278
72279
72280
72281
72282
72283
72284
72285
72286
72287
72288
72289
72290
72291
72292
72293
72294
72295
72296
72297
72298
72299
72300
72301
72302
.....
72468
72469
72470
72471
72472
72473
72474
72475
72476
72477
72478
72479
72480
72481
72482
72483
72484
72485
72486
72487
72488
72489
72490
.....
72494
72495
72496
72497
72498
72499
72500
72501
72502
72503
72504
72505
72506
72507
72508
72509
72510
.....
72533
72534
72535
72536
72537
72538
72539
72540
72541
72542
72543
72544
72545
72546
72547
72548
72549
72550
72551
72552
72553
72554
72555
72556
72557
72558
72559
72560
72561
72562
72563
72564
.....
72576
72577
72578
72579
72580
72581
72582
72583
72584
72585
72586
72587
72588
72589
72590
72591
72592
72593
.....
72599
72600
72601
72602
72603
72604
72605
72606
72607
72608
72609
72610
72611
72612
72613
72614
72615
72616
72617
72618
72619
72620
72621
72622
72623
72624
72625
72626
72627
.....
72630
72631
72632
72633
72634
72635
72636
72637
72638
72639
72640
72641
72642
72643
72644
.....
72661
72662
72663
72664
72665
72666
72667
72668
72669
72670
72671
72672
72673
72674
72675
72676
72677
72678
72679
72680
72681
72682
72683
72684
.....
72953
72954
72955
72956
72957
72958
72959
72960
72961
72962
72963
72964
72965
72966
72967
.....
72993
72994
72995
72996
72997
72998
72999
73000
73001
73002
73003
73004
73005
73006
73007
.....
73063
73064
73065
73066
73067
73068
73069
73070
73071
73072
73073
73074
73075
73076
73077
.....
73151
73152
73153
73154
73155
73156
73157
73158
73159
73160
73161
73162
73163
73164
73165
73166
73167
73168
73169
73170
73171
73172
73173
73174
73175
73176
73177
73178
73179
73180
73181
73182
73183
73184
73185
73186
73187
73188
73189
73190
73191
73192
.....
73231
73232
73233
73234
73235
73236
73237
73238
73239
73240
73241
73242
73243
73244
73245
.....
73593
73594
73595
73596
73597
73598
73599
73600
73601
73602
73603
73604



73605
73606
73607
73608
73609
73610
73611
73612
73613
73614
73615
73616
73617
73618
73619
73620
73621



73622
73623
73624
73625
73626
73627
73628
.....
73887
73888
73889
73890
73891
73892
73893
73894
73895
73896
73897
73898
73899
73900
73901
.....
73902
73903
73904
73905
73906
73907
73908
73909
73910
73911
73912
73913
73914
73915
73916
73917
73918
73919
73920
73921
73922
.....
73940
73941
73942
73943
73944
73945
73946
73947
73948
73949
73950
73951
73952
73953
73954
.....
74390
74391
74392
74393
74394
74395
74396
74397
74398
74399
74400
74401
74402
74403
74404
.....
75380
75381
75382
75383
75384
75385
75386
75387
75388
75389
75390
75391
75392
75393
75394
75395
75396
75397
75398
75399
75400
75401

75402
75403
75404
75405
75406
75407
75408
75409
75410
.....
76078
76079
76080
76081
76082
76083
76084
76085
76086
76087
76088
76089
76090
76091
76092
76093
76094
76095
76096
76097
76098
76099
.....
77117
77118
77119
77120
77121
77122
77123
77124
77125
77126
77127
77128
77129
77130
77131
.....
77473
77474
77475
77476
77477
77478
77479
77480
77481
77482
77483
77484
77485
77486
77487
77488
77489
77490
77491
77492
77493
.....
78255
78256
78257
78258
78259
78260
78261
78262
78263
78264
78265
78266
78267
78268
78269
.....
79590
79591
79592
79593
79594
79595
79596
79597
79598
79599
79600
79601
79602
79603
79604
79605
79606
.....
79700
79701
79702
79703
79704
79705
79706
79707
79708
79709
79710
79711
79712
79713
79714
79715
79716
79717
79718
79719
79720
79721
79722
79723
79724
79725
79726
79727
79728
79729
79730
79731
79732
79733
79734
79735
79736
79737
79738
79739
79740
79741
79742
79743
79744
79745
79746
79747
79748
79749
79750
79751
79752
79753
79754
79755
79756
79757
79758
79759
79760
79761
79762
79763
79764
79765
79766
79767
79768
79769
79770
79771
79772
79773
79774
79775
79776
79777
79778
79779
79780
79781
79782
79783
79784
79785
79786
79787
79788
79789
79790
79791
79792
79793
79794
79795
79796
79797
79798
79799

79800
79801
79802
79803
79804
79805
79806







79807
79808
79809



79810
79811
79812
79813
79814
79815
79816
79817
79818
79819
79820
79821
79822
79823
79824
79825
79826
79827
.....
79870
79871
79872
79873
79874
79875
79876
79877
79878
79879
79880
79881
79882
79883
79884
79885
79886
79887
79888
79889
79890
79891
79892
79893
79894
79895
79896
79897
79898
79899
79900
79901
79902
79903
79904
79905
79906
79907
79908
79909
79910
79911
79912
79913
79914
79915
79916
79917
79918
79919



79920
79921
79922
79923
79924
79925
79926
79927
79928
79929
79930
79931
79932
.....
79949
79950
79951
79952
79953
79954
79955


79956
79957
79958




79959
79960
79961
79962
79963
79964
79965
79966
79967
79968
79969
79970
79971
79972
79973
79974
79975
79976
79977
.....
79980
79981
79982
79983
79984
79985
79986
79987
79988
79989
79990
79991
79992
79993
79994
79995
79996
79997
79998
79999
80000
80001
80002
80003
80004
80005
80006




80007
80008
80009
80010
80011
80012
80013
.....
80025
80026
80027
80028
80029
80030
80031
80032
80033
80034
80035
80036
80037
80038
80039
80040
80041
80042
80043
80044
80045
80046
80047
80048
80049
80050
80051
80052
80053
80054
80055
.....
80072
80073
80074
80075
80076
80077
80078
80079
80080
80081
80082
80083
80084
80085
80086
80087
80088
80089
80090
80091
80092
80093
80094
80095
80096
80097
80098
.....
80154
80155
80156
80157
80158
80159
80160
80161
80162
80163
80164
80165
80166
80167
80168
80169
80170
80171
80172
80173
.....
80180
80181
80182
80183
80184
80185
80186
80187
80188
80189
80190
80191
80192
80193
80194
.....
80203
80204
80205
80206
80207
80208
80209
80210
80211
80212
80213
80214
80215
80216
80217
80218
80219
80220
80221
80222
80223
80224
80225
80226
80227
80228
80229
80230
80231
80232
80233
80234
80235
80236
80237
80238
80239
80240
80241
80242
80243
80244
80245
80246
80247
80248
80249
80250
80251
80252
80253
80254
80255
80256
80257
80258
80259
80260
80261
80262
80263
80264
80265
80266
80267
80268
80269
80270
80271
80272
80273
80274
80275
80276
80277
80278
80279
80280
80281
80282
80283
80284
80285
80286
80287
80288
80289
80290
80291
80292
80293
80294
80295
80296
80297
80298
80299
80300
80301
80302
80303
80304
80305
80306
80307
80308
80309
80310
80311
80312
80313
80314
80315
80316
80317
80318
80319
80320
80321
80322

80323
80324
80325
80326
80327
80328







80329


80330

80331
80332


80333




80334
80335
80336
80337
80338
80339
80340
.....
80387
80388
80389
80390
80391
80392
80393
80394
80395
80396
80397
80398
80399
80400
80401
80402
80403
80404
80405
80406
80407
80408
80409
80410
80411
80412
80413
80414
80415
80416
80417
80418
.....
80950
80951
80952
80953
80954
80955
80956
80957
80958
80959
80960
80961
80962
80963
80964
.....
80986
80987
80988
80989
80990
80991
80992
80993
80994
80995
80996
80997
80998
80999
81000
.....
83652
83653
83654
83655
83656
83657
83658
83659
83660
83661
83662
83663
83664
83665
83666
.....
83688
83689
83690
83691
83692
83693
83694
83695
83696
83697
83698
83699
83700
83701
83702
83703
.....
83775
83776
83777
83778
83779
83780
83781
83782
83783
83784
83785
83786
83787
83788
83789
83790
83791
83792
83793
83794
83795
83796
83797
83798
83799
83800
83801
83802
83803
83804
83805
83806
83807
83808
83809
83810
83811
83812
83813
83814
83815
83816
83817
83818
83819
83820
83821
83822
83823
83824
83825
83826
83827
83828
83829
83830
83831
83832
.....
83840
83841
83842
83843
83844
83845
83846
83847
83848
83849
83850
83851
83852
83853
83854
83855
83856
83857
83858
83859
83860
83861
83862
83863
83864
83865
83866
83867
.....
83876
83877
83878
83879
83880
83881
83882
83883
83884
83885
83886
83887
83888
83889
83890
.....
84100
84101
84102
84103
84104
84105
84106
84107
84108
84109
84110
84111
84112
84113
84114
84115
84116
84117
.....
84120
84121
84122
84123
84124
84125
84126
84127
84128
84129
84130
84131
84132
84133
84134
.....
84197
84198
84199
84200
84201
84202
84203
84204
84205
84206
84207
84208
84209
84210
84211
84212
84213
84214
.....
84251
84252
84253
84254
84255
84256
84257
84258
84259
84260
84261
84262
84263
84264
84265
84266
84267
84268
84269
84270
84271
84272
84273
.....
84419
84420
84421
84422
84423
84424
84425
84426

84427

84428
84429
84430
84431
84432
84433
84434
84435





84436
84437
84438
84439
84440
84441
84442
84443
84444
84445
84446
84447
84448
84449
84450
84451
84452
84453
.....
84464
84465
84466
84467
84468
84469
84470
84471
84472
84473
84474
84475
84476
84477
84478
84479
84480
84481
84482
84483
84484
84485
84486
84487
84488
84489
84490
84491
84492
84493
84494
84495
84496
84497
84498
84499
84500
84501
84502
84503
84504
84505
84506
84507
84508
84509
84510
84511
84512
84513
84514
84515
84516
84517
84518
84519
84520
84521
84522
84523
84524
84525
84526
84527
84528
84529
84530
84531
84532
84533
84534
84535
84536
84537
84538
84539
84540
84541
84542
84543
84544
84545
84546
84547
84548
84549
84550
84551
84552
84553
84554
84555
84556
84557
84558

84559
84560
84561
84562
84563
84564
84565
84566
84567
84568
84569
84570
84571
84572
84573
84574
84575
84576
84577
84578
84579
84580
84581
84582
84583
84584

84585
84586
84587
84588
84589
84590
84591
.....
84621
84622
84623
84624
84625
84626
84627
84628
84629
84630
84631
84632
84633
84634
84635
.....
84643
84644
84645
84646
84647
84648
84649
84650
84651
84652
84653
84654
84655
84656
84657
84658
84659
84660
84661

84662
84663
84664
84665
84666
84667
84668
.....
84755
84756
84757
84758
84759
84760
84761
84762
84763
84764
84765
84766
84767
84768
84769
.....
84803
84804
84805
84806
84807
84808
84809
84810
84811
84812
84813
84814
84815
84816
84817
84818
.....
84863
84864
84865
84866
84867
84868
84869

84870
84871
84872
84873


84874
84875
84876
84877
84878
84879
84880
84881
84882
84883
84884
84885
84886
84887
84888
84889
.....
84916
84917
84918
84919
84920
84921
84922
84923
84924
84925
84926
84927
84928
84929
84930
84931
84932
84933
84934
84935
84936
84937
84938
.....
84966
84967
84968
84969
84970
84971
84972
84973
84974
84975
84976
84977
84978
84979
84980
84981
84982
84983
84984
84985
84986
84987
84988
84989
.....
84998
84999
85000
85001
85002
85003
85004

85005
85006
85007
85008
85009
85010
85011
.....
85056
85057
85058
85059
85060
85061
85062

85063
85064
85065
85066
85067
85068
85069
.....
85073
85074
85075
85076
85077
85078
85079
85080
85081
85082
85083
85084
85085
85086
85087
85088
85089
85090
85091
85092
85093
85094
85095
85096
85097
85098
85099
85100
85101
85102
85103
85104
85105
.....
86200
86201
86202
86203
86204
86205
86206
86207
86208
86209
86210
86211
86212
86213
86214
86215
86216
86217
86218
86219
86220
86221
86222
86223
86224
86225
86226
.....
86249
86250
86251
86252
86253
86254
86255
86256
86257
86258
86259
86260
86261
86262
86263
86264
86265
86266
86267
86268
86269
86270
86271
86272
86273
86274
86275
.....
86317
86318
86319
86320
86321
86322
86323
86324
86325
86326
86327
86328
86329
86330
86331
.....
88217
88218
88219
88220
88221
88222
88223
88224
88225
88226
88227
88228
88229
88230
88231
.....
88794
88795
88796
88797
88798
88799
88800
88801
88802
88803
88804
88805
88806
88807
88808
88809
88810
88811
88812
88813
.....
89191
89192
89193
89194
89195
89196
89197
89198
89199
89200
89201
89202
89203
89204
89205
89206
89207
.....
89384
89385
89386
89387
89388
89389
89390
89391
89392
89393
89394
89395
89396
89397
89398
.....
89944
89945
89946
89947
89948
89949
89950

89951
89952
89953
89954
89955

89956
89957
89958
89959
89960
89961
89962
89963
89964
.....
89989
89990
89991
89992
89993
89994
89995
89996
89997
89998
89999
90000
90001
90002
90003
.....
90796
90797
90798
90799
90800
90801
90802
90803
90804
90805
90806
90807
90808
90809
90810
90811
90812
.....
91677
91678
91679
91680
91681
91682
91683
91684
91685
91686



91687
91688
91689
91690
91691
91692
91693
.....
93354
93355
93356
93357
93358
93359
93360
93361
93362
93363
93364
93365
93366
93367
93368
.....
93641
93642
93643
93644
93645
93646
93647
93648
93649
93650
93651
93652
93653
93654
93655
.....
96667
96668
96669
96670
96671
96672
96673
96674
96675
96676
96677
96678
96679
96680
96681
.....
96897
96898
96899
96900
96901
96902
96903
96904
96905
96906
96907
96908
96909
96910
96911
96912
96913
.....
98677
98678
98679
98680
98681
98682
98683
98684
98685
98686
98687
98688
98689
98690
98691
.....
98699
98700
98701
98702
98703
98704
98705
98706
98707
98708
98709
98710
98711
98712
98713
.....
99245
99246
99247
99248
99249
99250
99251
99252
99253
99254
99255
99256
99257
99258
99259
.....
99373
99374
99375
99376
99377
99378
99379
99380
99381
99382
99383
99384
99385
99386
99387
.....
99741
99742
99743
99744
99745
99746
99747
99748
99749
99750
99751
99752
99753
99754
99755
.....
99991
99992
99993
99994
99995
99996
99997

99998
99999
100000
100001
100002
100003
100004
100005
100006
......
100104
100105
100106
100107
100108
100109
100110
100111
100112
100113
100114
100115
100116
100117
100118
100119
100120
100121
100122
100123
100124
100125
100126
100127
100128
100129
100130
100131
100132
100133
100134
100135
100136
100137
100138
100139
100140
100141
100142
100143
100144
100145
100146
100147
100148
100149
100150
100151
100152
100153
100154
100155
100156
100157
100158
100159
100160
100161
100162
100163
100164
100165
100166
100167
100168
100169
100170
100171
100172
100173
100174
100175
100176
100177
100178
100179
100180
100181
100182
100183
100184
100185
100186
100187
......
100198
100199
100200
100201
100202
100203
100204
100205
100206
100207
100208
100209
100210
100211
100212
100213
100214
......
100463
100464
100465
100466
100467
100468
100469
100470
100471
100472
100473
100474
100475
100476
100477
......
101986
101987
101988
101989
101990
101991
101992
101993

101994
101995
101996
101997
101998
101999
102000
......
102151
102152
102153
102154
102155
102156
102157
102158
102159
102160
102161
102162
102163
102164
102165
......
102670
102671
102672
102673
102674
102675
102676



102677
102678
102679
102680
102681
102682
102683
......
108618
108619
108620
108621
108622
108623
108624
108625
108626
108627
108628
108629
108630
108631
108632
108633
......
110629
110630
110631
110632
110633
110634
110635
110636
110637
110638
110639
110640
110641
110642
110643
......
110905
110906
110907
110908
110909
110910
110911

110912
110913
110914
110915
110916
110917
110918
......
111434
111435
111436
111437
111438
111439
111440
111441
111442
111443
111444
111445
111446
111447
111448
......
112360
112361
112362
112363
112364
112365
112366
112367
112368
112369
112370
112371
112372
112373
112374
......
112384
112385
112386
112387
112388
112389
112390
112391

112392
112393
112394
112395
112396
112397
112398
......
112849
112850
112851
112852
112853
112854
112855
112856
112857
112858
112859
112860
112861
112862
112863
......
112888
112889
112890
112891
112892
112893
112894
112895
112896
112897
112898
112899
112900
112901
112902
112903
112904
112905
112906
112907
112908
112909
112910
112911
112912
112913
112914
112915
112916
112917
112918
112919
112920
112921
112922
112923
112924
112925
112926
112927
112928
112929
112930
112931
112932
112933
112934
112935
112936
112937
112938
112939
112940
112941
112942
112943
112944
112945
112946
112947
112948
112949
112950
112951
112952
112953
112954
112955
112956
112957
112958
112959
112960
112961
112962
112963
112964
112965
112966
112967
112968
112969
112970
112971
112972
112973
112974
112975
112976
112977
112978
112979
112980
112981
112982
112983
112984
112985
112986
112987
112988
112989
112990
112991
112992
112993
112994
112995
112996
112997
112998
112999
113000
113001
113002
113003
113004
113005
113006
113007
113008
113009
113010
......
113033
113034
113035
113036
113037
113038
113039
113040
113041
113042
113043
113044
113045
113046
113047
113048
113049
......
113053
113054
113055
113056
113057
113058
113059

113060
113061
113062
113063
113064
113065
113066
113067
113068
113069
113070
113071
113072
113073
113074
113075
113076
113077
113078
113079
113080
113081
113082
113083
113084
113085
113086
113087
113088
113089
113090
113091
113092
113093
113094
113095
113096
113097
113098
113099
113100
113101
113102
113103
113104
113105
113106
113107
113108
113109
113110
113111
113112
113113
113114
113115
113116
113117
113118
113119
113120
113121
113122
113123
113124
113125
113126
113127
113128
113129
113130
113131
113132
113133
113134
113135
113136
113137
113138
113139
113140
113141
113142
113143
113144
113145
113146
113147
113148
113149
113150
113151
113152
113153
113154
113155
113156
113157
113158
113159
113160
......
113205
113206
113207
113208
113209
113210
113211
113212
113213
113214
113215
113216
113217
113218
113219
113220
113221
113222
113223
113224
113225
113226
113227
113228
113229
113230
113231
113232
......
113412
113413
113414
113415
113416
113417
113418
113419
113420
113421
113422
113423
113424
113425
113426
......
113649
113650
113651
113652
113653
113654
113655
113656
113657
113658
113659
113660
113661
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113669
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113678
113679
113680
......
114313
114314
114315
114316
114317
114318
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114320
114321
114322
114323
114324
114325
114326
114327
......
114409
114410
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114429
114430

114431
114432
114433
114434
114435
114436
114437
......
114514
114515
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114517
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114519
114520
114521
114522
114523
114524
114525
114526
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114528
......
114693
114694
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114696
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114698
114699
114700
114701
114702
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114704
114705
114706
114707
......
114929
114930
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114953
......
115065
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115069
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115075
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......
115121
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115130
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115132
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115136
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115138
115139
115140
115141
115142
115143
115144
......
115181
115182
115183
115184
115185
115186
115187
115188

115189


115190
115191
115192
115193
115194
115195
115196
115197
......
115266
115267
115268
115269
115270
115271
115272
115273
115274
115275
115276
115277
115278
115279
115280
......
115310
115311
115312
115313
115314
115315
115316

115317
115318
115319
115320
115321
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115324

115325
115326
115327
115328
115329
115330
115331
115332
115333

115334
115335
115336
115337
115338
115339
115340
......
115358
115359
115360
115361
115362
115363
115364
115365
115366
115367
115368
115369
115370
115371
115372
......
115373
115374
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115380
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......
115478
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115499
......
115528
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......
115573
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......
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115626
115627
115628
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......
115651
115652
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115660
115661
115662
115663
115664
115665
......
116121
116122
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116129
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116134
116135
......
116289
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116299
116300
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116328
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116330
116331
116332
116333
116334
116335
116336
116337
116338
116339
116340
116341
......
116350
116351
116352
116353
116354
116355
116356


116357

116358
116359
116360
116361
116362
116363
116364
116365
116366
116367
116368
116369
116370
116371
116372
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116446

116447
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116456
116457
116458
116459
116460
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116462
116463



116464

116465
116466











116467
116468





116469
116470
116471
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116473



116474
116475

116476
116477
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116492


116493
116494
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116501
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116503
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116522
116523
......
116526
116527
116528
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116532
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116562
......
116566
116567
116568
116569
116570
116571
116572
116573
116574
116575
116576
116577
116578
116579
116580
116581
116582
116583
116584
116585

116586
116587
116588
116589
116590
116591
116592
116593
......
116717
116718
116719
116720
116721
116722
116723
116724
116725
116726
116727
116728
116729
116730
116731
......
117207
117208
117209
117210
117211
117212
117213
117214
117215
117216
117217
117218
117219
117220
117221
......
121532
121533
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121547
121548
121549
121550
121551
......
122985
122986
122987
122988
122989
122990
122991
122992
122993
122994
122995
122996
122997
122998
122999
123000
......
123216
123217
123218
123219
123220
123221
123222
123223
123224
123225
123226
123227
123228
123229
123230
......
123251
123252
123253
123254
123255
123256
123257

123258
123259
123260
123261
123262
123263
123264
......
124235
124236
124237
124238
124239
124240
124241
124242
124243
124244
124245
124246
124247
124248
124249
......
124260
124261
124262
124263
124264
124265
124266
124267
124268
124269
124270
124271
124272
124273
124274
124275
......
125287
125288
125289
125290
125291
125292
125293
125294
125295
125296
125297
125298
125299
125300
125301
125302
125303
125304
......
125520
125521
125522
125523
125524
125525
125526
125527
125528
125529
125530
125531
125532
125533
125534
125535
125536
125537
125538
125539
125540
125541
125542
125543
......
125578
125579
125580
125581
125582
125583
125584
125585
125586
125587
125588
125589
125590
125591
125592
......
127109
127110
127111
127112
127113
127114
127115
127116
127117
127118
127119
127120
127121
127122
127123
......
130579
130580
130581
130582
130583
130584
130585
130586
130587
130588
130589
130590
130591
130592
130593
......
130597
130598
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130600
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130602
130603
130604
130605
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130608
130609
130610
130611
130612
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130614
130615
130616
130617
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130619
130620
......
130634
130635
130636
130637
130638
130639
130640
130641
130642
130643
130644
130645
130646
130647
130648
......
141869
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......
143894
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......
144110
144111
144112
144113
144114
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144116
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144119
144120
144121
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144123
144124
......
144197
144198
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144200
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144206
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144208
144209
144210
144211
......
144242
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144251
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144254
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144259
144260
......
144269
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144280
144281
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......
144290
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144297
144298
144299
144300
144301
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144304
......
144314
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144321
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144325
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......
144406
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144410
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......
144477
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......
144637
144638
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144648
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144650
144651
......
146174
146175
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146181
146182

146183
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146194
/******************************************************************************
** This file is an amalgamation of many separate C source files from SQLite
** version 3.8.6.  By combining all the individual C code files into this 
** single large file, the entire code can be compiled as a single translation
** unit.  This allows many compilers to do optimizations that would not be
** possible if the files were compiled separately.  Performance improvements
** of 5% or more are commonly seen when SQLite is compiled as a single
** translation unit.
**
** This file is all you need to compile SQLite.  To use SQLite in other
................................................................................
** string contains the date and time of the check-in (UTC) and an SHA1
** hash of the entire source tree.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.8.6"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3008006
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2014-08-15 11:46:33 9491ba7d738528f168657adb43a198238abde19e"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version, sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
#endif

/*
** CAPI3REF: Closing A Database Connection
**
** ^The sqlite3_close() and sqlite3_close_v2() routines are destructors
** for the [sqlite3] object.
** ^Calls to sqlite3_close() and sqlite3_close_v2() return [SQLITE_OK] if
** the [sqlite3] object is successfully destroyed and all associated
** resources are deallocated.
**
** ^If the database connection is associated with unfinalized prepared
** statements or unfinished sqlite3_backup objects then sqlite3_close()
** will leave the database connection open and return [SQLITE_BUSY].
** ^If sqlite3_close_v2() is called with unfinalized prepared statements
** and/or unfinished sqlite3_backups, then the database connection becomes
** an unusable "zombie" which will automatically be deallocated when the
** last prepared statement is finalized or the last sqlite3_backup is
** finished.  The sqlite3_close_v2() interface is intended for use with
** host languages that are garbage collected, and where the order in which
** destructors are called is arbitrary.
**
** Applications should [sqlite3_finalize | finalize] all [prepared statements],
** [sqlite3_blob_close | close] all [BLOB handles], and 
** [sqlite3_backup_finish | finish] all [sqlite3_backup] objects associated
** with the [sqlite3] object prior to attempting to close the object.  ^If
** sqlite3_close_v2() is called on a [database connection] that still has
** outstanding [prepared statements], [BLOB handles], and/or
** [sqlite3_backup] objects then it returns [SQLITE_OK] and the deallocation
** of resources is deferred until all [prepared statements], [BLOB handles],
** and [sqlite3_backup] objects are also destroyed.
**
** ^If an [sqlite3] object is destroyed while a transaction is open,
** the transaction is automatically rolled back.
**
** The C parameter to [sqlite3_close(C)] and [sqlite3_close_v2(C)]
................................................................................
  int (*callback)(void*,int,char**,char**),  /* Callback function */
  void *,                                    /* 1st argument to callback */
  char **errmsg                              /* Error msg written here */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Result Codes

** KEYWORDS: {result code definitions}
**
** Many SQLite functions return an integer result code from the set shown
** here in order to indicate success or failure.
**
** New error codes may be added in future versions of SQLite.
**
** See also: [extended result code definitions]

*/
#define SQLITE_OK           0   /* Successful result */
/* beginning-of-error-codes */
#define SQLITE_ERROR        1   /* SQL error or missing database */
#define SQLITE_INTERNAL     2   /* Internal logic error in SQLite */
#define SQLITE_PERM         3   /* Access permission denied */
#define SQLITE_ABORT        4   /* Callback routine requested an abort */
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_WARNING     28   /* Warnings from sqlite3_log() */
#define SQLITE_ROW         100  /* sqlite3_step() has another row ready */
#define SQLITE_DONE        101  /* sqlite3_step() has finished executing */
/* end-of-error-codes */

/*
** CAPI3REF: Extended Result Codes

** KEYWORDS: {extended result code definitions}
**
** In its default configuration, SQLite API routines return one of 30 integer
** [result codes].  However, experience has shown that many of
** these result codes are too coarse-grained.  They do not provide as
** much information about problems as programmers might like.  In an effort to
** address this, newer versions of SQLite (version 3.3.8 and later) include
** support for additional result codes that provide more detailed information
** about errors. These [extended result codes] are enabled or disabled
** on a per database connection basis using the
** [sqlite3_extended_result_codes()] API.  Or, the extended code for
** the most recent error can be obtained using
** [sqlite3_extended_errcode()].






*/
#define SQLITE_IOERR_READ              (SQLITE_IOERR | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_SHORT_READ        (SQLITE_IOERR | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_WRITE             (SQLITE_IOERR | (3<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_FSYNC             (SQLITE_IOERR | (4<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_DIR_FSYNC         (SQLITE_IOERR | (5<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_TRUNCATE          (SQLITE_IOERR | (6<<8))
................................................................................
** integer opcode.  The third argument is a generic pointer intended to
** point to a structure that may contain arguments or space in which to
** write return values.  Potential uses for xFileControl() might be
** functions to enable blocking locks with timeouts, to change the
** locking strategy (for example to use dot-file locks), to inquire
** about the status of a lock, or to break stale locks.  The SQLite
** core reserves all opcodes less than 100 for its own use.
** A [file control opcodes | list of opcodes] less than 100 is available.
** Applications that define a custom xFileControl method should use opcodes
** greater than 100 to avoid conflicts.  VFS implementations should
** return [SQLITE_NOTFOUND] for file control opcodes that they do not
** recognize.
**
** The xSectorSize() method returns the sector size of the
** device that underlies the file.  The sector size is the
................................................................................
  int (*xUnfetch)(sqlite3_file*, sqlite3_int64 iOfst, void *p);
  /* Methods above are valid for version 3 */
  /* Additional methods may be added in future releases */
};

/*
** CAPI3REF: Standard File Control Opcodes
** KEYWORDS: {file control opcodes} {file control opcode}
**
** These integer constants are opcodes for the xFileControl method
** of the [sqlite3_io_methods] object and for the [sqlite3_file_control()]
** interface.
**
** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE] opcode is used for debugging.  This
** opcode causes the xFileControl method to write the current state of
................................................................................
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_complete(const char *sql);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_complete16(const void *sql);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Register A Callback To Handle SQLITE_BUSY Errors
**
** ^The sqlite3_busy_handler(D,X,P) routine sets a callback function X
** that might be invoked with argument P whenever
** an attempt is made to access a database table associated with
** [database connection] D when another thread
** or process has the table locked.
** The sqlite3_busy_handler() interface is used to implement
** [sqlite3_busy_timeout()] and [PRAGMA busy_timeout].
**
** ^If the busy callback is NULL, then [SQLITE_BUSY]
** is returned immediately upon encountering the lock.  ^If the busy callback
** is not NULL, then the callback might be invoked with two arguments.
**
** ^The first argument to the busy handler is a copy of the void* pointer which
** is the third argument to sqlite3_busy_handler().  ^The second argument to
** the busy handler callback is the number of times that the busy handler has
** been invoked for the same locking event.  ^If the
** busy callback returns 0, then no additional attempts are made to
** access the database and [SQLITE_BUSY] is returned
** to the application.
** ^If the callback returns non-zero, then another attempt

** is made to access the database and the cycle repeats.
**
** The presence of a busy handler does not guarantee that it will be invoked
** when there is lock contention. ^If SQLite determines that invoking the busy
** handler could result in a deadlock, it will go ahead and return [SQLITE_BUSY]
** to the application instead of invoking the 
** busy handler.
** Consider a scenario where one process is holding a read lock that
** it is trying to promote to a reserved lock and
** a second process is holding a reserved lock that it is trying
** to promote to an exclusive lock.  The first process cannot proceed
** because it is blocked by the second and the second process cannot
** proceed because it is blocked by the first.  If both processes
** invoke the busy handlers, neither will make any progress.  Therefore,
** SQLite returns [SQLITE_BUSY] for the first process, hoping that this
** will induce the first process to release its read lock and allow
** the second process to proceed.
**
** ^The default busy callback is NULL.
**















** ^(There can only be a single busy handler defined for each
** [database connection].  Setting a new busy handler clears any
** previously set handler.)^  ^Note that calling [sqlite3_busy_timeout()]
** or evaluating [PRAGMA busy_timeout=N] will change the
** busy handler and thus clear any previously set busy handler.
**
** The busy callback should not take any actions which modify the
** database connection that invoked the busy handler.  In other words,
** the busy handler is not reentrant.  Any such actions
** result in undefined behavior.
** 
** A busy handler must not close the database connection
** or [prepared statement] that invoked the busy handler.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_busy_handler(sqlite3*, int(*)(void*,int), void*);

................................................................................
** CAPI3REF: Set A Busy Timeout
**
** ^This routine sets a [sqlite3_busy_handler | busy handler] that sleeps
** for a specified amount of time when a table is locked.  ^The handler
** will sleep multiple times until at least "ms" milliseconds of sleeping
** have accumulated.  ^After at least "ms" milliseconds of sleeping,
** the handler returns 0 which causes [sqlite3_step()] to return
** [SQLITE_BUSY].
**
** ^Calling this routine with an argument less than or equal to zero
** turns off all busy handlers.
**
** ^(There can only be a single busy handler for a particular
** [database connection] any any given moment.  If another busy handler
** was defined  (using [sqlite3_busy_handler()]) prior to calling
** this routine, that other busy handler is cleared.)^
**
** See also:  [PRAGMA busy_timeout]
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_busy_timeout(sqlite3*, int ms);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Convenience Routines For Running Queries
**
** This is a legacy interface that is preserved for backwards compatibility.
................................................................................
**
** The [sqlite3_set_authorizer | authorizer callback function] must
** return either [SQLITE_OK] or one of these two constants in order
** to signal SQLite whether or not the action is permitted.  See the
** [sqlite3_set_authorizer | authorizer documentation] for additional
** information.
**
** Note that SQLITE_IGNORE is also used as a [conflict resolution mode]
** returned from the [sqlite3_vtab_on_conflict()] interface.
*/
#define SQLITE_DENY   1   /* Abort the SQL statement with an error */
#define SQLITE_IGNORE 2   /* Don't allow access, but don't generate an error */

/*
** CAPI3REF: Authorizer Action Codes
**
................................................................................
**
** ^(If this global variable is made to point to a string which is
** the name of a folder (a.k.a. directory), then all temporary files
** created by SQLite when using a built-in [sqlite3_vfs | VFS]
** will be placed in that directory.)^  ^If this variable
** is a NULL pointer, then SQLite performs a search for an appropriate
** temporary file directory.
**
** Applications are strongly discouraged from using this global variable.
** It is required to set a temporary folder on Windows Runtime (WinRT).
** But for all other platforms, it is highly recommended that applications
** neither read nor write this variable.  This global variable is a relic
** that exists for backwards compatibility of legacy applications and should
** be avoided in new projects.
**
** It is not safe to read or modify this variable in more than one
** thread at a time.  It is not safe to read or modify this variable
** if a [database connection] is being used at the same time in a separate
** thread.
** It is intended that this variable be set once
** as part of process initialization and before any SQLite interface
................................................................................
** the [temp_store_directory pragma] always assumes that any string
** that this variable points to is held in memory obtained from 
** [sqlite3_malloc] and the pragma may attempt to free that memory
** using [sqlite3_free].
** Hence, if this variable is modified directly, either it should be
** made NULL or made to point to memory obtained from [sqlite3_malloc]
** or else the use of the [temp_store_directory pragma] should be avoided.
** Except when requested by the [temp_store_directory pragma], SQLite
** does not free the memory that sqlite3_temp_directory points to.  If
** the application wants that memory to be freed, it must do
** so itself, taking care to only do so after all [database connection]
** objects have been destroyed.
**
** <b>Note to Windows Runtime users:</b>  The temporary directory must be set
** prior to calling [sqlite3_open] or [sqlite3_open_v2].  Otherwise, various
** features that require the use of temporary files may fail.  Here is an
** example of how to do this using C++ with the Windows Runtime:
**
** <blockquote><pre>
................................................................................
** to sqlite3_mutex_alloc() is one of these integer constants:
**
** <ul>
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_OPEN
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PRNG
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_LRU
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PMEM
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP1
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP2
** </ul>)^
**
** ^The first two constants (SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST and SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE)
** cause sqlite3_mutex_alloc() to create
** a new mutex.  ^The new mutex is recursive when SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE
** is used but not necessarily so when SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST is used.
** The mutex implementation does not need to make a distinction
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM       3  /* sqlite3_malloc() */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM2      4  /* NOT USED */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_OPEN      4  /* sqlite3BtreeOpen() */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PRNG      5  /* sqlite3_random() */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_LRU       6  /* lru page list */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_LRU2      7  /* NOT USED */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PMEM      7  /* sqlite3PageMalloc() */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP1      8  /* For use by application */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP2      9  /* For use by application */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP3     10  /* For use by application */

/*
** CAPI3REF: Retrieve the mutex for a database connection
**
** ^This interface returns a pointer the [sqlite3_mutex] object that 
** serializes access to the [database connection] given in the argument
** when the [threading mode] is Serialized.
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ISKEYWORD               16
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_SCRATCHMALLOC           17
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_LOCALTIME_FAULT         18
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_EXPLAIN_STMT            19
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_NEVER_CORRUPT           20
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_VDBE_COVERAGE           21
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_BYTEORDER               22
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ISINIT                  23
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_LAST                    23

/*
** CAPI3REF: SQLite Runtime Status
**
** ^This interface is used to retrieve runtime status information
** about the performance of SQLite, and optionally to reset various
** highwater marks.  ^The first argument is an integer code for
................................................................................
** ^The callback registered by this function replaces any existing callback
** registered using [sqlite3_wal_hook()].  ^Likewise, registering a callback
** using [sqlite3_wal_hook()] disables the automatic checkpoint mechanism
** configured by this function.
**
** ^The [wal_autocheckpoint pragma] can be used to invoke this interface
** from SQL.
**
** ^Checkpoints initiated by this mechanism are
** [sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2|PASSIVE].
**
** ^Every new [database connection] defaults to having the auto-checkpoint
** enabled with a threshold of 1000 or [SQLITE_DEFAULT_WAL_AUTOCHECKPOINT]
** pages.  The use of this interface
** is only necessary if the default setting is found to be suboptimal
** for a particular application.
*/
................................................................................
** CAPI3REF: Checkpoint a database
**
** ^The [sqlite3_wal_checkpoint(D,X)] interface causes database named X
** on [database connection] D to be [checkpointed].  ^If X is NULL or an
** empty string, then a checkpoint is run on all databases of
** connection D.  ^If the database connection D is not in
** [WAL | write-ahead log mode] then this interface is a harmless no-op.
** ^The [sqlite3_wal_checkpoint(D,X)] interface initiates a
** [sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2|PASSIVE] checkpoint.
** Use the [sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2()] interface to get a FULL
** or RESET checkpoint.
**
** ^The [wal_checkpoint pragma] can be used to invoke this interface
** from SQL.  ^The [sqlite3_wal_autocheckpoint()] interface and the
** [wal_autocheckpoint pragma] can be used to cause this interface to be
** run whenever the WAL reaches a certain size threshold.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2()]
................................................................................
** eMode parameter:
**
** <dl>
** <dt>SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE<dd>
**   Checkpoint as many frames as possible without waiting for any database 
**   readers or writers to finish. Sync the db file if all frames in the log
**   are checkpointed. This mode is the same as calling 
**   sqlite3_wal_checkpoint(). The [sqlite3_busy_handler|busy-handler callback]
**   is never invoked.
**
** <dt>SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_FULL<dd>
**   This mode blocks (it invokes the
**   [sqlite3_busy_handler|busy-handler callback]) until there is no
**   database writer and all readers are reading from the most recent database
**   snapshot. It then checkpoints all frames in the log file and syncs the
**   database file. This call blocks database writers while it is running,
**   but not database readers.
**
** <dt>SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_RESTART<dd>
**   This mode works the same way as SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_FULL, except after 
**   checkpointing the log file it blocks (calls the 
**   [sqlite3_busy_handler|busy-handler callback])
**   until all readers are reading from the database file only. This ensures 
**   that the next client to write to the database file restarts the log file 
**   from the beginning. This call blocks database writers while it is running,
**   but not database readers.
** </dl>
**
** If pnLog is not NULL, then *pnLog is set to the total number of frames in
................................................................................
** of the SQL statement that triggered the call to the [xUpdate] method of the
** [virtual table].
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_vtab_on_conflict(sqlite3 *);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Conflict resolution modes
** KEYWORDS: {conflict resolution mode}
**
** These constants are returned by [sqlite3_vtab_on_conflict()] to
** inform a [virtual table] implementation what the [ON CONFLICT] mode
** is for the SQL statement being evaluated.
**
** Note that the [SQLITE_IGNORE] constant is also used as a potential
** return value from the [sqlite3_set_authorizer()] callback and that
................................................................................
#define OP_IfNot          45
#define OP_Column         46 /* synopsis: r[P3]=PX                         */
#define OP_Affinity       47 /* synopsis: affinity(r[P1@P2])               */
#define OP_MakeRecord     48 /* synopsis: r[P3]=mkrec(r[P1@P2])            */
#define OP_Count          49 /* synopsis: r[P2]=count()                    */
#define OP_ReadCookie     50
#define OP_SetCookie      51
#define OP_ReopenIdx      52 /* synopsis: root=P2 iDb=P3                   */
#define OP_OpenRead       53 /* synopsis: root=P2 iDb=P3                   */
#define OP_OpenWrite      54 /* synopsis: root=P2 iDb=P3                   */
#define OP_OpenAutoindex  55 /* synopsis: nColumn=P2                       */
#define OP_OpenEphemeral  56 /* synopsis: nColumn=P2                       */
#define OP_SorterOpen     57
#define OP_OpenPseudo     58 /* synopsis: P3 columns in r[P2]              */
#define OP_Close          59
#define OP_SeekLT         60 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_SeekLE         61 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_SeekGE         62 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_SeekGT         63 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_Seek           64 /* synopsis: intkey=r[P2]                     */
#define OP_NoConflict     65 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_NotFound       66 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_Found          67 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_NotExists      68 /* synopsis: intkey=r[P3]                     */
#define OP_Sequence       69 /* synopsis: r[P2]=cursor[P1].ctr++           */
#define OP_NewRowid       70 /* synopsis: r[P2]=rowid                      */

#define OP_Or             71 /* same as TK_OR, synopsis: r[P3]=(r[P1] || r[P2]) */
#define OP_And            72 /* same as TK_AND, synopsis: r[P3]=(r[P1] && r[P2]) */
#define OP_Insert         73 /* synopsis: intkey=r[P3] data=r[P2]          */
#define OP_InsertInt      74 /* synopsis: intkey=P3 data=r[P2]             */
#define OP_Delete         75

#define OP_IsNull         76 /* same as TK_ISNULL, synopsis: if r[P1]==NULL goto P2 */
#define OP_NotNull        77 /* same as TK_NOTNULL, synopsis: if r[P1]!=NULL goto P2 */
#define OP_Ne             78 /* same as TK_NE, synopsis: if r[P1]!=r[P3] goto P2 */
#define OP_Eq             79 /* same as TK_EQ, synopsis: if r[P1]==r[P3] goto P2 */
#define OP_Gt             80 /* same as TK_GT, synopsis: if r[P1]>r[P3] goto P2 */
#define OP_Le             81 /* same as TK_LE, synopsis: if r[P1]<=r[P3] goto P2 */
#define OP_Lt             82 /* same as TK_LT, synopsis: if r[P1]<r[P3] goto P2 */
#define OP_Ge             83 /* same as TK_GE, synopsis: if r[P1]>=r[P3] goto P2 */
#define OP_ResetCount     84
#define OP_BitAnd         85 /* same as TK_BITAND, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P1]&r[P2] */
#define OP_BitOr          86 /* same as TK_BITOR, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P1]|r[P2] */
#define OP_ShiftLeft      87 /* same as TK_LSHIFT, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P2]<<r[P1] */
#define OP_ShiftRight     88 /* same as TK_RSHIFT, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P2]>>r[P1] */
#define OP_Add            89 /* same as TK_PLUS, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P1]+r[P2] */
#define OP_Subtract       90 /* same as TK_MINUS, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P2]-r[P1] */
#define OP_Multiply       91 /* same as TK_STAR, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P1]*r[P2] */
#define OP_Divide         92 /* same as TK_SLASH, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P2]/r[P1] */
#define OP_Remainder      93 /* same as TK_REM, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P2]%r[P1] */
#define OP_Concat         94 /* same as TK_CONCAT, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P2]+r[P1] */
#define OP_SorterCompare  95 /* synopsis: if key(P1)!=trim(r[P3],P4) goto P2 */
#define OP_BitNot         96 /* same as TK_BITNOT, synopsis: r[P1]= ~r[P1] */
#define OP_String8        97 /* same as TK_STRING, synopsis: r[P2]='P4'    */
#define OP_SorterData     98 /* synopsis: r[P2]=data                       */
#define OP_RowKey         99 /* synopsis: r[P2]=key                        */
#define OP_RowData       100 /* synopsis: r[P2]=data                       */
#define OP_Rowid         101 /* synopsis: r[P2]=rowid                      */
#define OP_NullRow       102
#define OP_Last          103
#define OP_SorterSort    104
#define OP_Sort          105
#define OP_Rewind        106
#define OP_SorterInsert  107
#define OP_IdxInsert     108 /* synopsis: key=r[P2]                        */
#define OP_IdxDelete     109 /* synopsis: key=r[P2@P3]                     */
#define OP_IdxRowid      110 /* synopsis: r[P2]=rowid                      */
#define OP_IdxLE         111 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_IdxGT         112 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_IdxLT         113 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_IdxGE         114 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_Destroy       115
#define OP_Clear         116
#define OP_ResetSorter   117
#define OP_CreateIndex   118 /* synopsis: r[P2]=root iDb=P1                */
#define OP_CreateTable   119 /* synopsis: r[P2]=root iDb=P1                */
#define OP_ParseSchema   120
#define OP_LoadAnalysis  121
#define OP_DropTable     122
#define OP_DropIndex     123
#define OP_DropTrigger   124
#define OP_IntegrityCk   125
#define OP_RowSetAdd     126 /* synopsis: rowset(P1)=r[P2]                 */
#define OP_RowSetRead    127 /* synopsis: r[P3]=rowset(P1)                 */
#define OP_RowSetTest    128 /* synopsis: if r[P3] in rowset(P1) goto P2   */
#define OP_Program       129
#define OP_Param         130
#define OP_FkCounter     131 /* synopsis: fkctr[P1]+=P2                    */
#define OP_FkIfZero      132 /* synopsis: if fkctr[P1]==0 goto P2          */

#define OP_Real          133 /* same as TK_FLOAT, synopsis: r[P2]=P4       */
#define OP_MemMax        134 /* synopsis: r[P1]=max(r[P1],r[P2])           */
#define OP_IfPos         135 /* synopsis: if r[P1]>0 goto P2               */

#define OP_IfNeg         136 /* synopsis: r[P1]+=P3, if r[P1]<0 goto P2    */
#define OP_IfZero        137 /* synopsis: r[P1]+=P3, if r[P1]==0 goto P2   */
#define OP_AggFinal      138 /* synopsis: accum=r[P1] N=P2                 */
#define OP_IncrVacuum    139
#define OP_Expire        140
#define OP_TableLock     141 /* synopsis: iDb=P1 root=P2 write=P3          */
#define OP_VBegin        142

#define OP_ToText        143 /* same as TK_TO_TEXT                         */
#define OP_ToBlob        144 /* same as TK_TO_BLOB                         */
#define OP_ToNumeric     145 /* same as TK_TO_NUMERIC                      */
#define OP_ToInt         146 /* same as TK_TO_INT                          */
#define OP_ToReal        147 /* same as TK_TO_REAL                         */
#define OP_VCreate       148
#define OP_VDestroy      149
#define OP_VOpen         150
#define OP_VColumn       151 /* synopsis: r[P3]=vcolumn(P2)                */
#define OP_VNext         152
#define OP_VRename       153
#define OP_Pagecount     154
#define OP_MaxPgcnt      155
#define OP_Init          156 /* synopsis: Start at P2                      */
#define OP_Noop          157
#define OP_Explain       158


/* Properties such as "out2" or "jump" that are specified in
** comments following the "case" for each opcode in the vdbe.c
** are encoded into bitvectors as follows:
*/
#define OPFLG_JUMP            0x0001  /* jump:  P2 holds jmp target */
................................................................................
/*   0 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x01, 0x01, 0x01,\
/*   8 */ 0x01, 0x01, 0x00, 0x00, 0x02, 0x00, 0x01, 0x00,\
/*  16 */ 0x01, 0x01, 0x04, 0x24, 0x01, 0x04, 0x05, 0x10,\
/*  24 */ 0x00, 0x02, 0x02, 0x02, 0x02, 0x00, 0x02, 0x02,\
/*  32 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x20, 0x00, 0x00, 0x04, 0x05, 0x04,\
/*  40 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x01, 0x01, 0x05, 0x05, 0x00, 0x00,\
/*  48 */ 0x00, 0x02, 0x02, 0x10, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,\
/*  56 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x11, 0x11, 0x11, 0x11,\
/*  64 */ 0x08, 0x11, 0x11, 0x11, 0x11, 0x02, 0x02, 0x4c,\
/*  72 */ 0x4c, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x05, 0x05, 0x15, 0x15,\
/*  80 */ 0x15, 0x15, 0x15, 0x15, 0x00, 0x4c, 0x4c, 0x4c,\
/*  88 */ 0x4c, 0x4c, 0x4c, 0x4c, 0x4c, 0x4c, 0x4c, 0x00,\
/*  96 */ 0x24, 0x02, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x02, 0x00, 0x01,\
/* 104 */ 0x01, 0x01, 0x01, 0x08, 0x08, 0x00, 0x02, 0x01,\
/* 112 */ 0x01, 0x01, 0x01, 0x02, 0x00, 0x00, 0x02, 0x02,\
/* 120 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x0c, 0x45,\
/* 128 */ 0x15, 0x01, 0x02, 0x00, 0x01, 0x02, 0x08, 0x05,\
/* 136 */ 0x05, 0x05, 0x00, 0x01, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x04,\
/* 144 */ 0x04, 0x04, 0x04, 0x04, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,\
/* 152 */ 0x01, 0x00, 0x02, 0x02, 0x01, 0x00, 0x00,}

/************** End of opcodes.h *********************************************/
/************** Continuing where we left off in vdbe.h ***********************/

/*
** Prototypes for the VDBE interface.  See comments on the implementation
** for a description of what each of these routines does.
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeSwap(Vdbe*,Vdbe*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE VdbeOp *sqlite3VdbeTakeOpArray(Vdbe*, int*, int*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE sqlite3_value *sqlite3VdbeGetBoundValue(Vdbe*, int, u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeSetVarmask(Vdbe*, int);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRACE
SQLITE_PRIVATE   char *sqlite3VdbeExpandSql(Vdbe*, const char*);
#endif
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3MemCompare(const Mem*, const Mem*, const CollSeq*);

SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeRecordUnpack(KeyInfo*,int,const void*,UnpackedRecord*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(int,const void*,UnpackedRecord*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE UnpackedRecord *sqlite3VdbeAllocUnpackedRecord(KeyInfo *, char *, int, char **);

typedef int (*RecordCompare)(int,const void*,UnpackedRecord*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE RecordCompare sqlite3VdbeFindCompare(UnpackedRecord*);
................................................................................
  Hash tblHash;        /* All tables indexed by name */
  Hash idxHash;        /* All (named) indices indexed by name */
  Hash trigHash;       /* All triggers indexed by name */
  Hash fkeyHash;       /* All foreign keys by referenced table name */
  Table *pSeqTab;      /* The sqlite_sequence table used by AUTOINCREMENT */
  u8 file_format;      /* Schema format version for this file */
  u8 enc;              /* Text encoding used by this database */
  u16 schemaFlags;     /* Flags associated with this schema */
  int cache_size;      /* Number of pages to use in the cache */
};

/*
** These macros can be used to test, set, or clear bits in the 
** Db.pSchema->flags field.
*/
#define DbHasProperty(D,I,P)     (((D)->aDb[I].pSchema->schemaFlags&(P))==(P))
#define DbHasAnyProperty(D,I,P)  (((D)->aDb[I].pSchema->schemaFlags&(P))!=0)
#define DbSetProperty(D,I,P)     (D)->aDb[I].pSchema->schemaFlags|=(P)
#define DbClearProperty(D,I,P)   (D)->aDb[I].pSchema->schemaFlags&=~(P)

/*
** Allowed values for the DB.pSchema->flags field.
**
** The DB_SchemaLoaded flag is set after the database schema has been
** read into internal hash tables.
**
................................................................................
#endif
  LogEst nRowLogEst;   /* Estimated rows in table - from sqlite_stat1 table */
  int tnum;            /* Root BTree node for this table (see note above) */
  i16 iPKey;           /* If not negative, use aCol[iPKey] as the primary key */
  i16 nCol;            /* Number of columns in this table */
  u16 nRef;            /* Number of pointers to this Table */
  LogEst szTabRow;     /* Estimated size of each table row in bytes */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_COSTMULT
  LogEst costMult;     /* Cost multiplier for using this table */
#endif
  u8 tabFlags;         /* Mask of TF_* values */
  u8 keyConf;          /* What to do in case of uniqueness conflict on iPKey */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_ALTERTABLE
  int addColOffset;    /* Offset in CREATE TABLE stmt to add a new column */
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  int nModuleArg;      /* Number of arguments to the module */
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_IDXTYPE_APPDEF      0   /* Created using CREATE INDEX */
#define SQLITE_IDXTYPE_UNIQUE      1   /* Implements a UNIQUE constraint */
#define SQLITE_IDXTYPE_PRIMARYKEY  2   /* Is the PRIMARY KEY for the table */

/* Return true if index X is a PRIMARY KEY index */
#define IsPrimaryKeyIndex(X)  ((X)->idxType==SQLITE_IDXTYPE_PRIMARYKEY)

/* Return true if index X is a UNIQUE index */
#define IsUniqueIndex(X)      ((X)->onError!=OE_None)

/*
** Each sample stored in the sqlite_stat3 table is represented in memory 
** using a structure of this type.  See documentation at the top of the
** analyze.c source file for additional information.
*/
struct IndexSample {
  void *p;          /* Pointer to sampled record */
................................................................................
#define WHERE_FORCE_TABLE      0x0020 /* Do not use an index-only search */
#define WHERE_ONETABLE_ONLY    0x0040 /* Only code the 1st table in pTabList */
#define WHERE_AND_ONLY         0x0080 /* Don't use indices for OR terms */
#define WHERE_GROUPBY          0x0100 /* pOrderBy is really a GROUP BY */
#define WHERE_DISTINCTBY       0x0200 /* pOrderby is really a DISTINCT clause */
#define WHERE_WANT_DISTINCT    0x0400 /* All output needs to be distinct */
#define WHERE_SORTBYGROUP      0x0800 /* Support sqlite3WhereIsSorted() */
#define WHERE_REOPEN_IDX       0x1000 /* Try to use OP_ReopenIdx */

/* Allowed return values from sqlite3WhereIsDistinct()
*/
#define WHERE_DISTINCT_NOOP      0  /* DISTINCT keyword not used */
#define WHERE_DISTINCT_UNIQUE    1  /* No duplicates */
#define WHERE_DISTINCT_ORDERED   2  /* All duplicates are adjacent */
#define WHERE_DISTINCT_UNORDERED 3  /* Duplicates are scattered */
................................................................................
  u32 aColmask[2];        /* Masks of old.*, new.* columns accessed */
};

/*
** The yDbMask datatype for the bitmask of all attached databases.
*/
#if SQLITE_MAX_ATTACHED>30
  typedef unsigned char yDbMask[(SQLITE_MAX_ATTACHED+9)/8];
# define DbMaskTest(M,I)    (((M)[(I)/8]&(1<<((I)&7)))!=0)
# define DbMaskZero(M)      memset((M),0,sizeof(M))
# define DbMaskSet(M,I)     (M)[(I)/8]|=(1<<((I)&7))
# define DbMaskAllZero(M)   sqlite3DbMaskAllZero(M)
# define DbMaskNonZero(M)   (sqlite3DbMaskAllZero(M)==0)
#else
  typedef unsigned int yDbMask;
# define DbMaskTest(M,I)    (((M)&(((yDbMask)1)<<(I)))!=0)
# define DbMaskZero(M)      (M)=0
# define DbMaskSet(M,I)     (M)|=(((yDbMask)1)<<(I))
# define DbMaskAllZero(M)   (M)==0
# define DbMaskNonZero(M)   (M)!=0
#endif

/*
** An SQL parser context.  A copy of this structure is passed through
** the parser and down into all the parser action routine in order to
** carry around information that is global to the entire parse.
**
................................................................................

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE)
SQLITE_PRIVATE   int sqlite3ViewGetColumnNames(Parse*,Table*);
#else
# define sqlite3ViewGetColumnNames(A,B) 0
#endif

#if SQLITE_MAX_ATTACHED>30
SQLITE_PRIVATE   int sqlite3DbMaskAllZero(yDbMask);
#endif
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DropTable(Parse*, SrcList*, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3CodeDropTable(Parse*, Table*, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DeleteTable(sqlite3*, Table*);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINCREMENT
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3AutoincrementBegin(Parse *pParse);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3AutoincrementEnd(Parse *pParse);
#else
................................................................................

SQLITE_PRIVATE const char *sqlite3IndexAffinityStr(Vdbe *, Index *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3TableAffinity(Vdbe*, Table*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE char sqlite3CompareAffinity(Expr *pExpr, char aff2);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3IndexAffinityOk(Expr *pExpr, char idx_affinity);
SQLITE_PRIVATE char sqlite3ExprAffinity(Expr *pExpr);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Atoi64(const char*, i64*, int, u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3DecOrHexToI64(const char*, i64*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Error(sqlite3*, int, const char*,...);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3HexToBlob(sqlite3*, const char *z, int n);
SQLITE_PRIVATE u8 sqlite3HexToInt(int h);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3TwoPartName(Parse *, Token *, Token *, Token **);

#if defined(SQLITE_TEST) 
SQLITE_PRIVATE const char *sqlite3ErrName(int);
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3MulInt64(i64*,i64);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3AbsInt32(int);
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_8_3_NAMES
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3FileSuffix3(const char*, char*);
#else
# define sqlite3FileSuffix3(X,Y)
#endif
SQLITE_PRIVATE u8 sqlite3GetBoolean(const char *z,u8);

SQLITE_PRIVATE const void *sqlite3ValueText(sqlite3_value*, u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ValueBytes(sqlite3_value*, u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ValueSetStr(sqlite3_value*, int, const void *,u8, 
                        void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ValueSetNull(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ValueFree(sqlite3_value*);
................................................................................

SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BackupRestart(sqlite3_backup *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BackupUpdate(sqlite3_backup *, Pgno, const u8 *);

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AnalyzeFunctions(void);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Stat4ProbeSetValue(Parse*,Index*,UnpackedRecord**,Expr*,u8,int,int*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Stat4ValueFromExpr(Parse*, Expr*, u8, sqlite3_value**);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Stat4ProbeFree(UnpackedRecord*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Stat4Column(sqlite3*, const void*, int, int, sqlite3_value**);
#endif

/*
** The interface to the LEMON-generated parser
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3ParserAlloc(void*(*)(size_t));
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ParserFree(void*, void(*)(void*));
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3BeginBenignMalloc(void);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3EndBenignMalloc(void);
#else
  #define sqlite3BeginBenignMalloc()
  #define sqlite3EndBenignMalloc()
#endif

/*
** Allowed return values from sqlite3FindInIndex()
*/
#define IN_INDEX_ROWID        1   /* Search the rowid of the table */
#define IN_INDEX_EPH          2   /* Search an ephemeral b-tree */
#define IN_INDEX_INDEX_ASC    3   /* Existing index ASCENDING */
#define IN_INDEX_INDEX_DESC   4   /* Existing index DESCENDING */
#define IN_INDEX_NOOP         5   /* No table available. Use comparisons */
/*
** Allowed flags for the 3rd parameter to sqlite3FindInIndex().
*/
#define IN_INDEX_NOOP_OK     0x0001  /* OK to return IN_INDEX_NOOP */
#define IN_INDEX_MEMBERSHIP  0x0002  /* IN operator used for membership test */
#define IN_INDEX_LOOP        0x0004  /* IN operator used as a loop */
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3FindInIndex(Parse *, Expr *, u32, int*);

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_ATOMIC_WRITE
SQLITE_PRIVATE   int sqlite3JournalOpen(sqlite3_vfs *, const char *, sqlite3_file *, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   int sqlite3JournalSize(sqlite3_vfs *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   int sqlite3JournalCreate(sqlite3_file *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   int sqlite3JournalExists(sqlite3_file *p);
#else
................................................................................
  BtCursor *pCursor;    /* The cursor structure of the backend */
  Btree *pBt;           /* Separate file holding temporary table */
  KeyInfo *pKeyInfo;    /* Info about index keys needed by index cursors */
  int seekResult;       /* Result of previous sqlite3BtreeMoveto() */
  int pseudoTableReg;   /* Register holding pseudotable content. */
  i16 nField;           /* Number of fields in the header */
  u16 nHdrParsed;       /* Number of header fields parsed so far */
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  u8 seekOp;            /* Most recent seek operation on this cursor */
#endif
  i8 iDb;               /* Index of cursor database in db->aDb[] (or -1) */
  u8 nullRow;           /* True if pointing to a row with no data */
  u8 rowidIsValid;      /* True if lastRowid is valid */
  u8 deferredMoveto;    /* A call to sqlite3BtreeMoveto() is needed */
  Bool isEphemeral:1;   /* True for an ephemeral table */
  Bool useRandomRowid:1;/* Generate new record numbers semi-randomly */
  Bool isTable:1;       /* True if a table requiring integer keys */
  Bool isOrdered:1;     /* True if the underlying table is BTREE_UNORDERED */
  Pgno pgnoRoot;        /* Root page of the open btree cursor */
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pVtabCursor;  /* The cursor for a virtual table */
  i64 seqCount;         /* Sequence counter */
  i64 movetoTarget;     /* Argument to the deferred sqlite3BtreeMoveto() */
  i64 lastRowid;        /* Rowid being deleted by OP_Delete */
  VdbeSorter *pSorter;  /* Sorter object for OP_SorterOpen cursors */

  /* Cached information about the header for the data record that the
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3VdbeSerialPut(unsigned char*, Mem*, u32);
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3VdbeSerialGet(const unsigned char*, u32, Mem*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeDeleteAuxData(Vdbe*, int, int);

int sqlite2BtreeKeyCompare(BtCursor *, const void *, int, int, int *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeIdxKeyCompare(VdbeCursor*,UnpackedRecord*,int*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeIdxRowid(sqlite3*, BtCursor *, i64 *);

SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeExec(Vdbe*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeList(Vdbe*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeHalt(Vdbe*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeChangeEncoding(Mem *, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemTooBig(Mem*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemCopy(Mem*, const Mem*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeMemShallowCopy(Mem*, const Mem*, int);
................................................................................
}

/*
** Retrieve a pointer to a static mutex or allocate a new dynamic one.
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3_mutex *sqlite3_mutex_alloc(int id){
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINIT
  if( id<=SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE && sqlite3_initialize() ) return 0;
#endif
  return sqlite3GlobalConfig.mutex.xMutexAlloc(id);
}

SQLITE_PRIVATE sqlite3_mutex *sqlite3MutexAlloc(int id){
  if( !sqlite3GlobalConfig.bCoreMutex ){
    return 0;
................................................................................

/*
** The sqlite3_mutex_alloc() routine allocates a new
** mutex and returns a pointer to it.  If it returns NULL
** that means that a mutex could not be allocated. 
*/
static sqlite3_mutex *debugMutexAlloc(int id){
  static sqlite3_debug_mutex aStatic[SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP3 - 1];
  sqlite3_debug_mutex *pNew = 0;
  switch( id ){
    case SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST:
    case SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE: {
      pNew = sqlite3Malloc(sizeof(*pNew));
      if( pNew ){
        pNew->id = id;
................................................................................
** to sqlite3_mutex_alloc() is one of these integer constants:
**
** <ul>
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_OPEN
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PRNG
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_LRU
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PMEM
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP1
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP2
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP3
** </ul>
**
** The first two constants cause sqlite3_mutex_alloc() to create
** a new mutex.  The new mutex is recursive when SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE
** is used but not necessarily so when SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST is used.
** The mutex implementation does not need to make a distinction
** between SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE and SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST if it does
................................................................................
** or SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE) is used then sqlite3_mutex_alloc()
** returns a different mutex on every call.  But for the static 
** mutex types, the same mutex is returned on every call that has
** the same type number.
*/
static sqlite3_mutex *pthreadMutexAlloc(int iType){
  static sqlite3_mutex staticMutexes[] = {
    SQLITE3_MUTEX_INITIALIZER,
    SQLITE3_MUTEX_INITIALIZER,
    SQLITE3_MUTEX_INITIALIZER,
    SQLITE3_MUTEX_INITIALIZER,
    SQLITE3_MUTEX_INITIALIZER,
    SQLITE3_MUTEX_INITIALIZER,
    SQLITE3_MUTEX_INITIALIZER,
    SQLITE3_MUTEX_INITIALIZER,
    SQLITE3_MUTEX_INITIALIZER
  };
................................................................................
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains the C functions that implement mutexes for Win32.
*/

#if SQLITE_OS_WIN
/*
** Include code that is common to all os_*.c files
*/
/************** Include os_common.h in the middle of mutex_w32.c *************/
/************** Begin file os_common.h ***************************************/
/*
** 2004 May 22
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
******************************************************************************
**
** This file contains macros and a little bit of code that is common to
** all of the platform-specific files (os_*.c) and is #included into those
** files.
**
** This file should be #included by the os_*.c files only.  It is not a
** general purpose header file.
*/
#ifndef _OS_COMMON_H_
#define _OS_COMMON_H_

/*
** At least two bugs have slipped in because we changed the MEMORY_DEBUG
** macro to SQLITE_DEBUG and some older makefiles have not yet made the
** switch.  The following code should catch this problem at compile-time.
*/
#ifdef MEMORY_DEBUG
# error "The MEMORY_DEBUG macro is obsolete.  Use SQLITE_DEBUG instead."
#endif

#if defined(SQLITE_TEST) && defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
# ifndef SQLITE_DEBUG_OS_TRACE
#   define SQLITE_DEBUG_OS_TRACE 0
# endif
  int sqlite3OSTrace = SQLITE_DEBUG_OS_TRACE;
# define OSTRACE(X)          if( sqlite3OSTrace ) sqlite3DebugPrintf X
#else
# define OSTRACE(X)
#endif

/*
** Macros for performance tracing.  Normally turned off.  Only works
** on i486 hardware.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_PERFORMANCE_TRACE

/* 
** hwtime.h contains inline assembler code for implementing 
** high-performance timing routines.
*/
/************** Include hwtime.h in the middle of os_common.h ****************/
/************** Begin file hwtime.h ******************************************/
/*
** 2008 May 27
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
******************************************************************************
**
** This file contains inline asm code for retrieving "high-performance"
** counters for x86 class CPUs.
*/
#ifndef _HWTIME_H_
#define _HWTIME_H_

/*
** The following routine only works on pentium-class (or newer) processors.
** It uses the RDTSC opcode to read the cycle count value out of the
** processor and returns that value.  This can be used for high-res
** profiling.
*/
#if (defined(__GNUC__) || defined(_MSC_VER)) && \
      (defined(i386) || defined(__i386__) || defined(_M_IX86))

  #if defined(__GNUC__)

  __inline__ sqlite_uint64 sqlite3Hwtime(void){
     unsigned int lo, hi;
     __asm__ __volatile__ ("rdtsc" : "=a" (lo), "=d" (hi));
     return (sqlite_uint64)hi << 32 | lo;
  }

  #elif defined(_MSC_VER)

  __declspec(naked) __inline sqlite_uint64 __cdecl sqlite3Hwtime(void){
     __asm {
        rdtsc
        ret       ; return value at EDX:EAX
     }
  }

  #endif

#elif (defined(__GNUC__) && defined(__x86_64__))

  __inline__ sqlite_uint64 sqlite3Hwtime(void){
      unsigned long val;
      __asm__ __volatile__ ("rdtsc" : "=A" (val));
      return val;
  }
 
#elif (defined(__GNUC__) && defined(__ppc__))

  __inline__ sqlite_uint64 sqlite3Hwtime(void){
      unsigned long long retval;
      unsigned long junk;
      __asm__ __volatile__ ("\n\
          1:      mftbu   %1\n\
                  mftb    %L0\n\
                  mftbu   %0\n\
                  cmpw    %0,%1\n\
                  bne     1b"
                  : "=r" (retval), "=r" (junk));
      return retval;
  }

#else

  #error Need implementation of sqlite3Hwtime() for your platform.

  /*
  ** To compile without implementing sqlite3Hwtime() for your platform,
  ** you can remove the above #error and use the following
  ** stub function.  You will lose timing support for many
  ** of the debugging and testing utilities, but it should at
  ** least compile and run.
  */
SQLITE_PRIVATE   sqlite_uint64 sqlite3Hwtime(void){ return ((sqlite_uint64)0); }

#endif

#endif /* !defined(_HWTIME_H_) */

/************** End of hwtime.h **********************************************/
/************** Continuing where we left off in os_common.h ******************/

static sqlite_uint64 g_start;
static sqlite_uint64 g_elapsed;
#define TIMER_START       g_start=sqlite3Hwtime()
#define TIMER_END         g_elapsed=sqlite3Hwtime()-g_start
#define TIMER_ELAPSED     g_elapsed
#else
#define TIMER_START
#define TIMER_END
#define TIMER_ELAPSED     ((sqlite_uint64)0)
#endif

/*
** If we compile with the SQLITE_TEST macro set, then the following block
** of code will give us the ability to simulate a disk I/O error.  This
** is used for testing the I/O recovery logic.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_io_error_hit = 0;            /* Total number of I/O Errors */
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_io_error_hardhit = 0;        /* Number of non-benign errors */
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_io_error_pending = 0;        /* Count down to first I/O error */
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_io_error_persist = 0;        /* True if I/O errors persist */
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_io_error_benign = 0;         /* True if errors are benign */
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_diskfull_pending = 0;
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_diskfull = 0;
#define SimulateIOErrorBenign(X) sqlite3_io_error_benign=(X)
#define SimulateIOError(CODE)  \
  if( (sqlite3_io_error_persist && sqlite3_io_error_hit) \
       || sqlite3_io_error_pending-- == 1 )  \
              { local_ioerr(); CODE; }
static void local_ioerr(){
  IOTRACE(("IOERR\n"));
  sqlite3_io_error_hit++;
  if( !sqlite3_io_error_benign ) sqlite3_io_error_hardhit++;
}
#define SimulateDiskfullError(CODE) \
   if( sqlite3_diskfull_pending ){ \
     if( sqlite3_diskfull_pending == 1 ){ \
       local_ioerr(); \
       sqlite3_diskfull = 1; \
       sqlite3_io_error_hit = 1; \
       CODE; \
     }else{ \
       sqlite3_diskfull_pending--; \
     } \
   }
#else
#define SimulateIOErrorBenign(X)
#define SimulateIOError(A)
#define SimulateDiskfullError(A)
#endif

/*
** When testing, keep a count of the number of open files.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_open_file_count = 0;
#define OpenCounter(X)  sqlite3_open_file_count+=(X)
#else
#define OpenCounter(X)
#endif

#endif /* !defined(_OS_COMMON_H_) */

/************** End of os_common.h *******************************************/
/************** Continuing where we left off in mutex_w32.c ******************/

/*
** Include the header file for the Windows VFS.
*/
/************** Include os_win.h in the middle of mutex_w32.c ****************/
/************** Begin file os_win.h ******************************************/
/*
** 2013 November 25
................................................................................

/************** End of os_win.h **********************************************/
/************** Continuing where we left off in mutex_w32.c ******************/
#endif

/*
** The code in this file is only used if we are compiling multithreaded
** on a Win32 system.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_MUTEX_W32

/*
** Each recursive mutex is an instance of the following structure.
*/
struct sqlite3_mutex {
  CRITICAL_SECTION mutex;    /* Mutex controlling the lock */
  int id;                    /* Mutex type */
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  volatile int nRef;         /* Number of enterances */
  volatile DWORD owner;      /* Thread holding this mutex */
  volatile int trace;        /* True to trace changes */
#endif
};

/*
** These are the initializer values used when declaring a "static" mutex
** on Win32.  It should be noted that all mutexes require initialization
** on the Win32 platform.
*/
#define SQLITE_W32_MUTEX_INITIALIZER { 0 }

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
#define SQLITE3_MUTEX_INITIALIZER { SQLITE_W32_MUTEX_INITIALIZER, 0, \
                                    0L, (DWORD)0, 0 }
#else
#define SQLITE3_MUTEX_INITIALIZER { SQLITE_W32_MUTEX_INITIALIZER, 0 }
#endif



































#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
/*
** The sqlite3_mutex_held() and sqlite3_mutex_notheld() routine are
** intended for use only inside assert() statements.
*/
static int winMutexHeld(sqlite3_mutex *p){
  return p->nRef!=0 && p->owner==GetCurrentThreadId();
}

static int winMutexNotheld2(sqlite3_mutex *p, DWORD tid){
  return p->nRef==0 || p->owner!=tid;
}

static int winMutexNotheld(sqlite3_mutex *p){
  DWORD tid = GetCurrentThreadId();
  return winMutexNotheld2(p, tid);
}
#endif


/*
** Initialize and deinitialize the mutex subsystem.
*/
static sqlite3_mutex winMutex_staticMutexes[] = {
  SQLITE3_MUTEX_INITIALIZER,
  SQLITE3_MUTEX_INITIALIZER,
  SQLITE3_MUTEX_INITIALIZER,
  SQLITE3_MUTEX_INITIALIZER,
  SQLITE3_MUTEX_INITIALIZER,
  SQLITE3_MUTEX_INITIALIZER,
  SQLITE3_MUTEX_INITIALIZER,
  SQLITE3_MUTEX_INITIALIZER,
  SQLITE3_MUTEX_INITIALIZER
};

static int winMutex_isInit = 0;
static int winMutex_isNt = -1; /* <0 means "need to query" */

/* As the winMutexInit() and winMutexEnd() functions are called as part
** of the sqlite3_initialize() and sqlite3_shutdown() processing, the


** "interlocked" magic used here is probably not strictly necessary.
*/
static LONG volatile winMutex_lock = 0;

SQLITE_API int sqlite3_win32_is_nt(void); /* os_win.c */
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_win32_sleep(DWORD milliseconds); /* os_win.c */

static int winMutexInit(void){
  /* The first to increment to 1 does actual initialization */
  if( InterlockedCompareExchange(&winMutex_lock, 1, 0)==0 ){
    int i;
    for(i=0; i<ArraySize(winMutex_staticMutexes); i++){
#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
      InitializeCriticalSectionEx(&winMutex_staticMutexes[i].mutex, 0, 0);
#else
      InitializeCriticalSection(&winMutex_staticMutexes[i].mutex);
#endif
    }
    winMutex_isInit = 1;
  }else{
    /* Another thread is (in the process of) initializing the static
    ** mutexes */
    while( !winMutex_isInit ){
      sqlite3_win32_sleep(1);
    }
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

static int winMutexEnd(void){
  /* The first to decrement to 0 does actual shutdown
  ** (which should be the last to shutdown.) */
  if( InterlockedCompareExchange(&winMutex_lock, 0, 1)==1 ){
    if( winMutex_isInit==1 ){
      int i;
      for(i=0; i<ArraySize(winMutex_staticMutexes); i++){
        DeleteCriticalSection(&winMutex_staticMutexes[i].mutex);
      }
      winMutex_isInit = 0;
    }
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** The sqlite3_mutex_alloc() routine allocates a new
** mutex and returns a pointer to it.  If it returns NULL
** that means that a mutex could not be allocated.  SQLite
** will unwind its stack and return an error.  The argument
................................................................................
** to sqlite3_mutex_alloc() is one of these integer constants:
**
** <ul>
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_OPEN
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PRNG
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_LRU
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PMEM
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP1
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP2
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP3
** </ul>
**
** The first two constants cause sqlite3_mutex_alloc() to create
** a new mutex.  The new mutex is recursive when SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE
** is used but not necessarily so when SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST is used.
** The mutex implementation does not need to make a distinction
** between SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE and SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST if it does
................................................................................
** may add additional static mutexes.  Static mutexes are for internal
** use by SQLite only.  Applications that use SQLite mutexes should
** use only the dynamic mutexes returned by SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST or
** SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE.
**
** Note that if one of the dynamic mutex parameters (SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST
** or SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE) is used then sqlite3_mutex_alloc()
** returns a different mutex on every call.  But for the static
** mutex types, the same mutex is returned on every call that has
** the same type number.
*/
static sqlite3_mutex *winMutexAlloc(int iType){
  sqlite3_mutex *p;

  switch( iType ){
    case SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST:
    case SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE: {
      p = sqlite3MallocZero( sizeof(*p) );
      if( p ){
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
        p->id = iType;
#ifdef SQLITE_WIN32_MUTEX_TRACE_DYNAMIC
        p->trace = 1;
#endif
#endif
#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
        InitializeCriticalSectionEx(&p->mutex, 0, 0);
#else
        InitializeCriticalSection(&p->mutex);
#endif
      }
      break;
    }
    default: {

      assert( iType-2 >= 0 );
      assert( iType-2 < ArraySize(winMutex_staticMutexes) );
      assert( winMutex_isInit==1 );
      p = &winMutex_staticMutexes[iType-2];
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
      p->id = iType;
#ifdef SQLITE_WIN32_MUTEX_TRACE_STATIC
      p->trace = 1;
#endif
#endif
      break;
    }
  }
  return p;
}

................................................................................
/*
** This routine deallocates a previously
** allocated mutex.  SQLite is careful to deallocate every
** mutex that it allocates.
*/
static void winMutexFree(sqlite3_mutex *p){
  assert( p );
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  assert( p->nRef==0 && p->owner==0 );
  assert( p->id==SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST || p->id==SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE );
#endif
  assert( winMutex_isInit==1 );
  DeleteCriticalSection(&p->mutex);
  sqlite3_free(p);
}

/*
** The sqlite3_mutex_enter() and sqlite3_mutex_try() routines attempt
** to enter a mutex.  If another thread is already within the mutex,
................................................................................
** upon successful entry.  Mutexes created using SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE can
** be entered multiple times by the same thread.  In such cases the,
** mutex must be exited an equal number of times before another thread
** can enter.  If the same thread tries to enter any other kind of mutex
** more than once, the behavior is undefined.
*/
static void winMutexEnter(sqlite3_mutex *p){
#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) || defined(SQLITE_TEST)
  DWORD tid = GetCurrentThreadId();
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  assert( p );
  assert( p->id==SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE || winMutexNotheld2(p, tid) );
#else
  assert( p );
#endif
  assert( winMutex_isInit==1 );
  EnterCriticalSection(&p->mutex);
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  assert( p->nRef>0 || p->owner==0 );
  p->owner = tid;
  p->nRef++;
  if( p->trace ){
    OSTRACE(("ENTER-MUTEX tid=%lu, mutex=%p (%d), nRef=%d\n",
             tid, p, p->trace, p->nRef));
  }
#endif
}

static int winMutexTry(sqlite3_mutex *p){

#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) || defined(SQLITE_TEST)
  DWORD tid = GetCurrentThreadId();
#endif
  int rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
  assert( p );
  assert( p->id==SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE || winMutexNotheld2(p, tid) );
  /*
  ** The sqlite3_mutex_try() routine is very rarely used, and when it
  ** is used it is merely an optimization.  So it is OK for it to always
  ** fail.
  **
  ** The TryEnterCriticalSection() interface is only available on WinNT.
  ** And some windows compilers complain if you try to use it without
  ** first doing some #defines that prevent SQLite from building on Win98.
  ** For that reason, we will omit this optimization for now.  See
  ** ticket #2685.
  */
#if defined(_WIN32_WINNT) && _WIN32_WINNT >= 0x0400
  assert( winMutex_isInit==1 );
  assert( winMutex_isNt>=-1 && winMutex_isNt<=1 );
  if( winMutex_isNt<0 ){
    winMutex_isNt = sqlite3_win32_is_nt();
  }
  assert( winMutex_isNt==0 || winMutex_isNt==1 );
  if( winMutex_isNt && TryEnterCriticalSection(&p->mutex) ){
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    p->owner = tid;
    p->nRef++;
#endif
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
  }
#else
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(p);
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  if( p->trace ){
    OSTRACE(("TRY-MUTEX tid=%lu, mutex=%p (%d), owner=%lu, nRef=%d, rc=%s\n",
             tid, p, p->trace, p->owner, p->nRef, sqlite3ErrName(rc)));
  }
#endif
  return rc;
}

/*
** The sqlite3_mutex_leave() routine exits a mutex that was
** previously entered by the same thread.  The behavior
** is undefined if the mutex is not currently entered or
** is not currently allocated.  SQLite will never do either.
*/
static void winMutexLeave(sqlite3_mutex *p){
#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) || defined(SQLITE_TEST)
  DWORD tid = GetCurrentThreadId();
#endif
  assert( p );
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  assert( p->nRef>0 );
  assert( p->owner==tid );
  p->nRef--;
  if( p->nRef==0 ) p->owner = 0;
  assert( p->nRef==0 || p->id==SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE );
#endif
  assert( winMutex_isInit==1 );
  LeaveCriticalSection(&p->mutex);
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  if( p->trace ){
    OSTRACE(("LEAVE-MUTEX tid=%lu, mutex=%p (%d), nRef=%d\n",
             tid, p, p->trace, p->nRef));
  }
#endif
}

SQLITE_PRIVATE sqlite3_mutex_methods const *sqlite3DefaultMutex(void){
  static const sqlite3_mutex_methods sMutex = {
    winMutexInit,
................................................................................
    winMutexHeld,
    winMutexNotheld
#else
    0,
    0
#endif
  };

  return &sMutex;
}

#endif /* SQLITE_MUTEX_W32 */

/************** End of mutex_w32.c *******************************************/
/************** Begin file malloc.c ******************************************/
/*
** 2001 September 15
**
................................................................................
**     0xd800 and 0xe000 then it is rendered as 0xfffd.
**
**  *  Bytes in the range of 0x80 through 0xbf which occur as the first
**     byte of a character are interpreted as single-byte characters
**     and rendered as themselves even though they are technically
**     invalid characters.
**
**  *  This routine accepts over-length UTF8 encodings
**     for unicode values 0x80 and greater.  It does not change over-length
**     encodings to 0xfffd as some systems recommend.
*/
#define READ_UTF8(zIn, zTerm, c)                           \
  c = *(zIn++);                                            \
  if( c>=0xc0 ){                                           \
    c = sqlite3Utf8Trans1[c-0xc0];                         \
    while( zIn!=zTerm && (*zIn & 0xc0)==0x80 ){            \
................................................................................
    testcase( c==(-1) );
    testcase( c==0 );
    testcase( c==(+1) );
  }
  return c;
}


/*
** Convert zNum to a 64-bit signed integer.  zNum must be decimal. This
** routine does *not* accept hexadecimal notation.
**
** If the zNum value is representable as a 64-bit twos-complement 
** integer, then write that value into *pNum and return 0.
**
** If zNum is exactly 9223372036854775808, return 2.  This special
** case is broken out because while 9223372036854775808 cannot be a 
** signed 64-bit integer, its negative -9223372036854775808 can be.
................................................................................
      /* zNum is exactly 9223372036854775808.  Fits if negative.  The
      ** special case 2 overflow if positive */
      assert( u-1==LARGEST_INT64 );
      return neg ? 0 : 2;
    }
  }
}

/*
** Transform a UTF-8 integer literal, in either decimal or hexadecimal,
** into a 64-bit signed integer.  This routine accepts hexadecimal literals,
** whereas sqlite3Atoi64() does not.
**
** Returns:
**
**     0    Successful transformation.  Fits in a 64-bit signed integer.
**     1    Integer too large for a 64-bit signed integer or is malformed
**     2    Special case of 9223372036854775808
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3DecOrHexToI64(const char *z, i64 *pOut){
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_HEX_INTEGER
  if( z[0]=='0'
   && (z[1]=='x' || z[1]=='X')
   && sqlite3Isxdigit(z[2])
  ){
    u64 u = 0;
    int i, k;
    for(i=2; z[i]=='0'; i++){}
    for(k=i; sqlite3Isxdigit(z[k]); k++){
      u = u*16 + sqlite3HexToInt(z[k]);
    }
    memcpy(pOut, &u, 8);
    return (z[k]==0 && k-i<=16) ? 0 : 1;
  }else
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_HEX_INTEGER */
  {
    return sqlite3Atoi64(z, pOut, sqlite3Strlen30(z), SQLITE_UTF8);
  }
}

/*
** If zNum represents an integer that will fit in 32-bits, then set
** *pValue to that integer and return true.  Otherwise return false.
**
** This routine accepts both decimal and hexadecimal notation for integers.
**
** Any non-numeric characters that following zNum are ignored.
** This is different from sqlite3Atoi64() which requires the
** input number to be zero-terminated.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3GetInt32(const char *zNum, int *pValue){
  sqlite_int64 v = 0;
................................................................................
  int neg = 0;
  if( zNum[0]=='-' ){
    neg = 1;
    zNum++;
  }else if( zNum[0]=='+' ){
    zNum++;
  }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_HEX_INTEGER
  else if( zNum[0]=='0'
        && (zNum[1]=='x' || zNum[1]=='X')
        && sqlite3Isxdigit(zNum[2])
  ){
    u32 u = 0;
    zNum += 2;
    while( zNum[0]=='0' ) zNum++;
    for(i=0; sqlite3Isxdigit(zNum[i]) && i<8; i++){
      u = u*16 + sqlite3HexToInt(zNum[i]);
    }
    if( (u&0x80000000)==0 && sqlite3Isxdigit(zNum[i])==0 ){
      memcpy(pValue, &u, 4);
      return 1;
    }else{
      return 0;
    }
  }
#endif
  for(i=0; i<11 && (c = zNum[i] - '0')>=0 && c<=9; i++){
    v = v*10 + c;
  }

  /* The longest decimal representation of a 32 bit integer is 10 digits:
  **
  **             1234567890
................................................................................
     /*  45 */ "IfNot"            OpHelp(""),
     /*  46 */ "Column"           OpHelp("r[P3]=PX"),
     /*  47 */ "Affinity"         OpHelp("affinity(r[P1@P2])"),
     /*  48 */ "MakeRecord"       OpHelp("r[P3]=mkrec(r[P1@P2])"),
     /*  49 */ "Count"            OpHelp("r[P2]=count()"),
     /*  50 */ "ReadCookie"       OpHelp(""),
     /*  51 */ "SetCookie"        OpHelp(""),
     /*  52 */ "ReopenIdx"        OpHelp("root=P2 iDb=P3"),
     /*  53 */ "OpenRead"         OpHelp("root=P2 iDb=P3"),
     /*  54 */ "OpenWrite"        OpHelp("root=P2 iDb=P3"),
     /*  55 */ "OpenAutoindex"    OpHelp("nColumn=P2"),
     /*  56 */ "OpenEphemeral"    OpHelp("nColumn=P2"),
     /*  57 */ "SorterOpen"       OpHelp(""),
     /*  58 */ "OpenPseudo"       OpHelp("P3 columns in r[P2]"),
     /*  59 */ "Close"            OpHelp(""),
     /*  60 */ "SeekLT"           OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /*  61 */ "SeekLE"           OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /*  62 */ "SeekGE"           OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /*  63 */ "SeekGT"           OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /*  64 */ "Seek"             OpHelp("intkey=r[P2]"),
     /*  65 */ "NoConflict"       OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /*  66 */ "NotFound"         OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /*  67 */ "Found"            OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /*  68 */ "NotExists"        OpHelp("intkey=r[P3]"),
     /*  69 */ "Sequence"         OpHelp("r[P2]=cursor[P1].ctr++"),
     /*  70 */ "NewRowid"         OpHelp("r[P2]=rowid"),

     /*  71 */ "Or"               OpHelp("r[P3]=(r[P1] || r[P2])"),
     /*  72 */ "And"              OpHelp("r[P3]=(r[P1] && r[P2])"),
     /*  73 */ "Insert"           OpHelp("intkey=r[P3] data=r[P2]"),
     /*  74 */ "InsertInt"        OpHelp("intkey=P3 data=r[P2]"),
     /*  75 */ "Delete"           OpHelp(""),

     /*  76 */ "IsNull"           OpHelp("if r[P1]==NULL goto P2"),
     /*  77 */ "NotNull"          OpHelp("if r[P1]!=NULL goto P2"),
     /*  78 */ "Ne"               OpHelp("if r[P1]!=r[P3] goto P2"),
     /*  79 */ "Eq"               OpHelp("if r[P1]==r[P3] goto P2"),
     /*  80 */ "Gt"               OpHelp("if r[P1]>r[P3] goto P2"),
     /*  81 */ "Le"               OpHelp("if r[P1]<=r[P3] goto P2"),
     /*  82 */ "Lt"               OpHelp("if r[P1]<r[P3] goto P2"),
     /*  83 */ "Ge"               OpHelp("if r[P1]>=r[P3] goto P2"),
     /*  84 */ "ResetCount"       OpHelp(""),
     /*  85 */ "BitAnd"           OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P1]&r[P2]"),
     /*  86 */ "BitOr"            OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P1]|r[P2]"),
     /*  87 */ "ShiftLeft"        OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P2]<<r[P1]"),
     /*  88 */ "ShiftRight"       OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P2]>>r[P1]"),
     /*  89 */ "Add"              OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P1]+r[P2]"),
     /*  90 */ "Subtract"         OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P2]-r[P1]"),
     /*  91 */ "Multiply"         OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P1]*r[P2]"),
     /*  92 */ "Divide"           OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P2]/r[P1]"),
     /*  93 */ "Remainder"        OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P2]%r[P1]"),
     /*  94 */ "Concat"           OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P2]+r[P1]"),
     /*  95 */ "SorterCompare"    OpHelp("if key(P1)!=trim(r[P3],P4) goto P2"),
     /*  96 */ "BitNot"           OpHelp("r[P1]= ~r[P1]"),
     /*  97 */ "String8"          OpHelp("r[P2]='P4'"),
     /*  98 */ "SorterData"       OpHelp("r[P2]=data"),
     /*  99 */ "RowKey"           OpHelp("r[P2]=key"),
     /* 100 */ "RowData"          OpHelp("r[P2]=data"),
     /* 101 */ "Rowid"            OpHelp("r[P2]=rowid"),
     /* 102 */ "NullRow"          OpHelp(""),
     /* 103 */ "Last"             OpHelp(""),
     /* 104 */ "SorterSort"       OpHelp(""),
     /* 105 */ "Sort"             OpHelp(""),
     /* 106 */ "Rewind"           OpHelp(""),
     /* 107 */ "SorterInsert"     OpHelp(""),
     /* 108 */ "IdxInsert"        OpHelp("key=r[P2]"),
     /* 109 */ "IdxDelete"        OpHelp("key=r[P2@P3]"),
     /* 110 */ "IdxRowid"         OpHelp("r[P2]=rowid"),
     /* 111 */ "IdxLE"            OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /* 112 */ "IdxGT"            OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /* 113 */ "IdxLT"            OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /* 114 */ "IdxGE"            OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /* 115 */ "Destroy"          OpHelp(""),
     /* 116 */ "Clear"            OpHelp(""),
     /* 117 */ "ResetSorter"      OpHelp(""),
     /* 118 */ "CreateIndex"      OpHelp("r[P2]=root iDb=P1"),
     /* 119 */ "CreateTable"      OpHelp("r[P2]=root iDb=P1"),
     /* 120 */ "ParseSchema"      OpHelp(""),
     /* 121 */ "LoadAnalysis"     OpHelp(""),
     /* 122 */ "DropTable"        OpHelp(""),
     /* 123 */ "DropIndex"        OpHelp(""),
     /* 124 */ "DropTrigger"      OpHelp(""),
     /* 125 */ "IntegrityCk"      OpHelp(""),
     /* 126 */ "RowSetAdd"        OpHelp("rowset(P1)=r[P2]"),
     /* 127 */ "RowSetRead"       OpHelp("r[P3]=rowset(P1)"),
     /* 128 */ "RowSetTest"       OpHelp("if r[P3] in rowset(P1) goto P2"),
     /* 129 */ "Program"          OpHelp(""),
     /* 130 */ "Param"            OpHelp(""),
     /* 131 */ "FkCounter"        OpHelp("fkctr[P1]+=P2"),
     /* 132 */ "FkIfZero"         OpHelp("if fkctr[P1]==0 goto P2"),

     /* 133 */ "Real"             OpHelp("r[P2]=P4"),
     /* 134 */ "MemMax"           OpHelp("r[P1]=max(r[P1],r[P2])"),
     /* 135 */ "IfPos"            OpHelp("if r[P1]>0 goto P2"),
     /* 136 */ "IfNeg"            OpHelp("r[P1]+=P3, if r[P1]<0 goto P2"),
     /* 137 */ "IfZero"           OpHelp("r[P1]+=P3, if r[P1]==0 goto P2"),
     /* 138 */ "AggFinal"         OpHelp("accum=r[P1] N=P2"),
     /* 139 */ "IncrVacuum"       OpHelp(""),
     /* 140 */ "Expire"           OpHelp(""),
     /* 141 */ "TableLock"        OpHelp("iDb=P1 root=P2 write=P3"),
     /* 142 */ "VBegin"           OpHelp(""),

     /* 143 */ "ToText"           OpHelp(""),
     /* 144 */ "ToBlob"           OpHelp(""),
     /* 145 */ "ToNumeric"        OpHelp(""),
     /* 146 */ "ToInt"            OpHelp(""),
     /* 147 */ "ToReal"           OpHelp(""),
     /* 148 */ "VCreate"          OpHelp(""),
     /* 149 */ "VDestroy"         OpHelp(""),
     /* 150 */ "VOpen"            OpHelp(""),
     /* 151 */ "VColumn"          OpHelp("r[P3]=vcolumn(P2)"),
     /* 152 */ "VNext"            OpHelp(""),
     /* 153 */ "VRename"          OpHelp(""),
     /* 154 */ "Pagecount"        OpHelp(""),
     /* 155 */ "MaxPgcnt"         OpHelp(""),
     /* 156 */ "Init"             OpHelp("Start at P2"),
     /* 157 */ "Noop"             OpHelp(""),
     /* 158 */ "Explain"          OpHelp(""),
  };
  return azName[i];
}
#endif

/************** End of opcodes.c *********************************************/
/************** Begin file os_unix.c *****************************************/
................................................................................
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <unistd.h>
/* #include <time.h> */
#include <sys/time.h>
#include <errno.h>
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL) || SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
# include <sys/mman.h>
#endif


#if SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE || OS_VXWORKS
# include <sys/ioctl.h>
# if OS_VXWORKS
#  include <semaphore.h>
#  include <limits.h>
# else
#  include <sys/file.h>
#  include <sys/param.h>
................................................................................

/*
** On some systems, calls to fchown() will trigger a message in a security
** log if they come from non-root processes.  So avoid calling fchown() if
** we are not running as root.
*/
static int posixFchown(int fd, uid_t uid, gid_t gid){
#if OS_VXWORKS
  return 0;
#else
  return geteuid() ? 0 : fchown(fd,uid,gid);
#endif
}

/* Forward reference */
static int openDirectory(const char*, int*);
static int unixGetpagesize(void);

/*
................................................................................

  { "fcntl",        (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)fcntl,      0  },
#define osFcntl     ((int(*)(int,int,...))aSyscall[7].pCurrent)

  { "read",         (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)read,       0  },
#define osRead      ((ssize_t(*)(int,void*,size_t))aSyscall[8].pCurrent)

#if defined(USE_PREAD) || (SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE && !OS_VXWORKS)
  { "pread",        (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)pread,      0  },
#else
  { "pread",        (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)0,          0  },
#endif
#define osPread     ((ssize_t(*)(int,void*,size_t,off_t))aSyscall[9].pCurrent)

#if defined(USE_PREAD64)
................................................................................
  { "pread64",      (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)0,          0  },
#endif
#define osPread64   ((ssize_t(*)(int,void*,size_t,off_t))aSyscall[10].pCurrent)

  { "write",        (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)write,      0  },
#define osWrite     ((ssize_t(*)(int,const void*,size_t))aSyscall[11].pCurrent)

#if defined(USE_PREAD) || (SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE && !OS_VXWORKS)
  { "pwrite",       (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)pwrite,     0  },
#else
  { "pwrite",       (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)0,          0  },
#endif
#define osPwrite    ((ssize_t(*)(int,const void*,size_t,off_t))\
                    aSyscall[12].pCurrent)

................................................................................

#if HAVE_MREMAP
  { "mremap",       (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)mremap,          0 },
#else
  { "mremap",       (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)0,               0 },
#endif
#define osMremap ((void*(*)(void*,size_t,size_t,int,...))aSyscall[23].pCurrent)


  { "getpagesize",  (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)unixGetpagesize, 0 },
#define osGetpagesize ((int(*)(void))aSyscall[24].pCurrent)

#endif

}; /* End of the overrideable system calls */

/*
** This is the xSetSystemCall() method of sqlite3_vfs for all of the
** "unix" VFSes.  Return SQLITE_OK opon successfully updating the
** system call pointer, or SQLITE_NOTFOUND if there is no configurable
................................................................................
        (sqliteIOErr == SQLITE_IOERR_CHECKRESERVEDLOCK) ){
      return SQLITE_BUSY;
    }
    /* else fall through */
  case EPERM: 
    return SQLITE_PERM;
    










#if EOPNOTSUPP!=ENOTSUP
  case EOPNOTSUPP: 
    /* something went terribly awry, unless during file system support 
     * introspection, in which it actually means what it says */
#endif
#ifdef ENOTSUP
  case ENOTSUP: 
................................................................................
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Return TRUE if pFile has been renamed or unlinked since it was first opened.
*/
static int fileHasMoved(unixFile *pFile){
#if OS_VXWORKS
  return pFile->pInode!=0 && pFile->pId!=pFile->pInode->fileId.pId;
#else
  struct stat buf;
  return pFile->pInode!=0 &&
      (osStat(pFile->zPath, &buf)!=0 || buf.st_ino!=pFile->pInode->fileId.ino);
#endif
}


/*
** Check a unixFile that is a database.  Verify the following:
**
** (1) There is exactly one hard link on the file
................................................................................
  if( pFile->pId ){
    if( pFile->ctrlFlags & UNIXFILE_DELETE ){
      osUnlink(pFile->pId->zCanonicalName);
    }
    vxworksReleaseFileId(pFile->pId);
    pFile->pId = 0;
  }
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_UNLINK_AFTER_CLOSE
  if( pFile->ctrlFlags & UNIXFILE_DELETE ){
    osUnlink(pFile->zPath);
    sqlite3_free(*(char**)&pFile->zPath);
    pFile->zPath = 0;
  }
#endif
  OSTRACE(("CLOSE   %-3d\n", pFile->h));
  OpenCounter(-1);
  sqlite3_free(pFile->pUnused);
  memset(pFile, 0, sizeof(unixFile));
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
................................................................................
  if( pFile->eFileLock>SHARED_LOCK ){
    reserved = 1;
  }
  
  /* Otherwise see if some other process holds it. */
  if( !reserved ){
    sem_t *pSem = pFile->pInode->pSem;


    if( sem_trywait(pSem)==-1 ){
      int tErrno = errno;
      if( EAGAIN != tErrno ){
        rc = sqliteErrorFromPosixError(tErrno, SQLITE_IOERR_CHECKRESERVEDLOCK);
        pFile->lastErrno = tErrno;
      } else {
................................................................................
** access the file.
**
** This routine will only increase a lock.  Use the sqlite3OsUnlock()
** routine to lower a locking level.
*/
static int semLock(sqlite3_file *id, int eFileLock) {
  unixFile *pFile = (unixFile*)id;

  sem_t *pSem = pFile->pInode->pSem;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  /* if we already have a lock, it is exclusive.  
  ** Just adjust level and punt on outta here. */
  if (pFile->eFileLock > NO_LOCK) {
    pFile->eFileLock = eFileLock;
................................................................................
#endif
  if( p->ctrlFlags & UNIXFILE_PSOW ){
    rc |= SQLITE_IOCAP_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE;
  }
  return rc;
}

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL) || SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0

/*
** Return the system page size.
**
** This function should not be called directly by other code in this file. 
** Instead, it should be called via macro osGetpagesize().
*/
static int unixGetpagesize(void){
#if defined(_BSD_SOURCE)
  return getpagesize();
#else
  return (int)sysconf(_SC_PAGESIZE);
#endif
}

#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL) || SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0 */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL

/*
** Object used to represent an shared memory buffer.  
**
** When multiple threads all reference the same wal-index, each thread
** has its own unixShm object, but they all point to a single instance
** of this unixShmNode object.  In other words, each wal-index is opened
................................................................................
           pShmNode->sharedMask, pShmNode->exclMask));
  }
#endif

  return rc;        
}















/*
** Return the minimum number of 32KB shm regions that should be mapped at
** a time, assuming that each mapping must be an integer multiple of the
** current system page-size.
**
** Usually, this is 1. The exception seems to be systems that are configured
** to use 64KB pages - in this case each mapping must cover at least two
................................................................................
    p->pUnused->fd = fd;
    p->pUnused->flags = flags;
  }

  if( isDelete ){
#if OS_VXWORKS
    zPath = zName;
#elif defined(SQLITE_UNLINK_AFTER_CLOSE)
    zPath = sqlite3_mprintf("%s", zName);
    if( zPath==0 ){
      robust_close(p, fd, __LINE__);
      return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
#else
    osUnlink(zName);
#endif
  }
#if SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE
  else{
    p->openFlags = openFlags;
................................................................................
  const char *zPath,        /* Name of file to be deleted */
  int dirSync               /* If true, fsync() directory after deleting file */
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(NotUsed);
  SimulateIOError(return SQLITE_IOERR_DELETE);
  if( osUnlink(zPath)==(-1) ){
    if( errno==ENOENT
#if OS_VXWORKS
        || errno==0x380003
#endif
    ){
      rc = SQLITE_IOERR_DELETE_NOENT;
    }else{
      rc = unixLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_DELETE, "unlink", zPath);
    }
    return rc;
  }
#ifndef SQLITE_DISABLE_DIRSYNC
................................................................................
#endif

#ifndef NTDDI_WINBLUE
#  define NTDDI_WINBLUE                     0x06030000
#endif

/*
** Check to see if the GetVersionEx[AW] functions are deprecated on the
** target system.  GetVersionEx was first deprecated in Win8.1.




*/
#ifndef SQLITE_WIN32_GETVERSIONEX
#  if defined(NTDDI_VERSION) && NTDDI_VERSION >= NTDDI_WINBLUE
#    define SQLITE_WIN32_GETVERSIONEX   0   /* GetVersionEx() is deprecated */
#  else
#    define SQLITE_WIN32_GETVERSIONEX   1   /* GetVersionEx() is current */
#  endif
#endif

/*
** This constant should already be defined (in the "WinDef.h" SDK file).
*/
#ifndef MAX_PATH
................................................................................
#endif

/*
** This macro is used when a local variable is set to a value that is
** [sometimes] not used by the code (e.g. via conditional compilation).
*/
#ifndef UNUSED_VARIABLE_VALUE
#  define UNUSED_VARIABLE_VALUE(x)      (void)(x)
#endif

/*
** Returns the character that should be used as the directory separator.
*/
#ifndef winGetDirSep
#  define winGetDirSep()                '\\'
................................................................................
WINBASEAPI BOOL WINAPI UnmapViewOfFile(LPCVOID);
#endif /* SQLITE_WIN32_FILEMAPPING_API && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL) */

/*
** Some Microsoft compilers lack this definition.
*/
#ifndef INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES
# define INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES ((DWORD)-1)
#endif

#ifndef FILE_FLAG_MASK
# define FILE_FLAG_MASK          (0xFF3C0000)
#endif

#ifndef FILE_ATTRIBUTE_MASK
................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
  winShm *pShm;           /* Instance of shared memory on this file */
#endif
  const char *zPath;      /* Full pathname of this file */
  int szChunk;            /* Chunk size configured by FCNTL_CHUNK_SIZE */
#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
  LPWSTR zDeleteOnClose;  /* Name of file to delete when closing */
  HANDLE hMutex;          /* Mutex used to control access to shared lock */
  HANDLE hShared;         /* Shared memory segment used for locking */
  winceLock local;        /* Locks obtained by this instance of winFile */
  winceLock *shared;      /* Global shared lock memory for the file  */
#endif
#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
  int nFetchOut;                /* Number of outstanding xFetch references */
  HANDLE hMap;                  /* Handle for accessing memory mapping */
................................................................................
** 1:   Operating system is Win9x.
** 2:   Operating system is WinNT.
**
** In order to facilitate testing on a WinNT system, the test fixture
** can manually set this value to 1 to emulate Win98 behavior.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
SQLITE_API LONG volatile sqlite3_os_type = 0;
#else

static LONG volatile sqlite3_os_type = 0;
#endif

#ifndef SYSCALL
#  define SYSCALL sqlite3_syscall_ptr
#endif

/*
................................................................................
#else
  { "CreateFileMappingFromApp", (SYSCALL)0,                      0 },
#endif

#define osCreateFileMappingFromApp ((HANDLE(WINAPI*)(HANDLE, \
        LPSECURITY_ATTRIBUTES,ULONG,ULONG64,LPCWSTR))aSyscall[75].pCurrent)

/*
** NOTE: On some sub-platforms, the InterlockedCompareExchange "function"
**       is really just a macro that uses a compiler intrinsic (e.g. x64).
**       So do not try to make this is into a redefinable interface.
*/
#if defined(InterlockedCompareExchange)
  { "InterlockedCompareExchange", (SYSCALL)0,                    0 },

#define osInterlockedCompareExchange InterlockedCompareExchange
#else
  { "InterlockedCompareExchange", (SYSCALL)InterlockedCompareExchange, 0 },

#define osInterlockedCompareExchange ((LONG(WINAPI*)(LONG volatile*, \
        LONG,LONG))aSyscall[76].pCurrent)
#endif /* defined(InterlockedCompareExchange) */

}; /* End of the overrideable system calls */

/*
** This is the xSetSystemCall() method of sqlite3_vfs for all of the
** "win32" VFSes.  Return SQLITE_OK opon successfully updating the
** system call pointer, or SQLITE_NOTFOUND if there is no configurable
** system call named zName.
................................................................................
#if !defined(SQLITE_WIN32_GETVERSIONEX) || !SQLITE_WIN32_GETVERSIONEX
# define osIsNT()  (1)
#elif SQLITE_OS_WINCE || SQLITE_OS_WINRT || !defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI)
# define osIsNT()  (1)
#elif !defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_WIDE)
# define osIsNT()  (0)
#else
# define osIsNT()  ((sqlite3_os_type==2) || sqlite3_win32_is_nt())
#endif

/*
** This function determines if the machine is running a version of Windows
** based on the NT kernel.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_win32_is_nt(void){
#if defined(SQLITE_WIN32_GETVERSIONEX) && SQLITE_WIN32_GETVERSIONEX
  if( osInterlockedCompareExchange(&sqlite3_os_type, 0, 0)==0 ){
#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT && defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_WIDE) && \
        defined(NTDDI_VERSION) && NTDDI_VERSION >= NTDDI_WIN8
    OSVERSIONINFOW sInfo;
    sInfo.dwOSVersionInfoSize = sizeof(sInfo);
    osGetVersionExW(&sInfo);

    osInterlockedCompareExchange(&sqlite3_os_type,
        (sInfo.dwPlatformId == VER_PLATFORM_WIN32_NT) ? 2 : 1, 0);
#elif defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI)
    OSVERSIONINFOA sInfo;
    sInfo.dwOSVersionInfoSize = sizeof(sInfo);
    osGetVersionExA(&sInfo);
    osInterlockedCompareExchange(&sqlite3_os_type,
        (sInfo.dwPlatformId == VER_PLATFORM_WIN32_NT) ? 2 : 1, 0);
#endif

  }
  return osInterlockedCompareExchange(&sqlite3_os_type, 2, 2)==2;
#elif SQLITE_TEST
  return osInterlockedCompareExchange(&sqlite3_os_type, 2, 2)==2;
#else
  return 1;

#endif
}

#ifdef SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC
/*
** Allocate nBytes of memory.
*/
static void *winMemMalloc(int nBytes){
  HANDLE hHeap;
................................................................................

SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3MemSetDefault(void){
  sqlite3_config(SQLITE_CONFIG_MALLOC, sqlite3MemGetWin32());
}
#endif /* SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC */

/*
** Convert a UTF-8 string to Microsoft Unicode (UTF-16?).
**
** Space to hold the returned string is obtained from malloc.
*/
static LPWSTR winUtf8ToUnicode(const char *zFilename){
  int nChar;
  LPWSTR zWideFilename;

................................................................................
  }
  return zFilename;
}

/*
** Convert an ANSI string to Microsoft Unicode, based on the
** current codepage settings for file apis.
**
** Space to hold the returned string is obtained
** from sqlite3_malloc.
*/
static LPWSTR winMbcsToUnicode(const char *zFilename){
  int nByte;
  LPWSTR zMbcsFilename;
  int codepage = osAreFileApisANSI() ? CP_ACP : CP_OEMCP;
................................................................................
  }
  zFilenameUtf8 = winUnicodeToUtf8(zTmpWide);
  sqlite3_free(zTmpWide);
  return zFilenameUtf8;
}

/*
** Convert UTF-8 to multibyte character string.  Space to hold the
** returned string is obtained from sqlite3_malloc().
*/
SQLITE_API char *sqlite3_win32_utf8_to_mbcs(const char *zFilename){
  char *zFilenameMbcs;
  LPWSTR zTmpWide;

  zTmpWide = winUtf8ToUnicode(zFilename);
................................................................................
/*
**
** This function - winLogErrorAtLine() - is only ever called via the macro
** winLogError().
**
** This routine is invoked after an error occurs in an OS function.
** It logs a message using sqlite3_log() containing the current value of
** error code and, if possible, the human-readable equivalent from
** FormatMessage.
**
** The first argument passed to the macro should be the error code that
** will be returned to SQLite (e.g. SQLITE_IOERR_DELETE, SQLITE_CANTOPEN).
** The two subsequent arguments should be the name of the OS function that
** failed and the associated file-system path, if any.
*/
#define winLogError(a,b,c,d)   winLogErrorAtLine(a,b,c,d,__LINE__)
static int winLogErrorAtLine(
  int errcode,                    /* SQLite error code */
  DWORD lastErrno,                /* Win32 last error */
................................................................................
  );

  return errcode;
}

/*
** The number of times that a ReadFile(), WriteFile(), and DeleteFile()
** will be retried following a locking error - probably caused by
** antivirus software.  Also the initial delay before the first retry.
** The delay increases linearly with each retry.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_WIN32_IOERR_RETRY
# define SQLITE_WIN32_IOERR_RETRY 10
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_WIN32_IOERR_RETRY_DELAY
................................................................................
}

/*
** Log a I/O error retry episode.
*/
static void winLogIoerr(int nRetry){
  if( nRetry ){
    sqlite3_log(SQLITE_IOERR,
      "delayed %dms for lock/sharing conflict",
      winIoerrRetryDelay*nRetry*(nRetry+1)/2
    );
  }
}

#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
................................................................................
    sqlite3_free(zName);
    return winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR, pFile->lastErrno,
                       "winceCreateLock1", zFilename);
  }

  /* Acquire the mutex before continuing */
  winceMutexAcquire(pFile->hMutex);

  /* Since the names of named mutexes, semaphores, file mappings etc are
  ** case-sensitive, take advantage of that by uppercasing the mutex name
  ** and using that as the shared filemapping name.
  */
  osCharUpperW(zName);
  pFile->hShared = osCreateFileMappingW(INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE, NULL,
                                        PAGE_READWRITE, 0, sizeof(winceLock),
                                        zName);

  /* Set a flag that indicates we're the first to create the memory so it
  ** must be zero-initialized */
  lastErrno = osGetLastError();
  if (lastErrno == ERROR_ALREADY_EXISTS){
    bInit = FALSE;
  }

  sqlite3_free(zName);

  /* If we succeeded in making the shared memory handle, map it. */
  if( pFile->hShared ){
    pFile->shared = (winceLock*)osMapViewOfFile(pFile->hShared,
             FILE_MAP_READ|FILE_MAP_WRITE, 0, 0, sizeof(winceLock));
    /* If mapping failed, close the shared memory handle and erase it */
    if( !pFile->shared ){
      pFile->lastErrno = osGetLastError();
      winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR, pFile->lastErrno,
                  "winceCreateLock2", zFilename);
      bLogged = TRUE;
................................................................................
      bLogged = TRUE;
    }
    winceMutexRelease(pFile->hMutex);
    osCloseHandle(pFile->hMutex);
    pFile->hMutex = NULL;
    return SQLITE_IOERR;
  }

  /* Initialize the shared memory if we're supposed to */
  if( bInit ){
    memset(pFile->shared, 0, sizeof(winceLock));
  }

  winceMutexRelease(pFile->hMutex);
  return SQLITE_OK;
................................................................................
    }

    /* De-reference and close our copy of the shared memory handle */
    osUnmapViewOfFile(pFile->shared);
    osCloseHandle(pFile->hShared);

    /* Done with the mutex */
    winceMutexRelease(pFile->hMutex);
    osCloseHandle(pFile->hMutex);
    pFile->hMutex = NULL;
  }
}

/*
** An implementation of the LockFile() API of Windows for CE
*/
static BOOL winceLockFile(
  LPHANDLE phFile,
  DWORD dwFileOffsetLow,
  DWORD dwFileOffsetHigh,
  DWORD nNumberOfBytesToLockLow,
................................................................................
** Some Microsoft compilers lack this definition.
*/
#ifndef INVALID_SET_FILE_POINTER
# define INVALID_SET_FILE_POINTER ((DWORD)-1)
#endif

/*
** Move the current position of the file handle passed as the first
** argument to offset iOffset within the file. If successful, return 0.
** Otherwise, set pFile->lastErrno and return non-zero.
*/
static int winSeekFile(winFile *pFile, sqlite3_int64 iOffset){
#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  LONG upperBits;                 /* Most sig. 32 bits of new offset */
  LONG lowerBits;                 /* Least sig. 32 bits of new offset */
  DWORD dwRet;                    /* Value returned by SetFilePointer() */
................................................................................
  DWORD lastErrno;                /* Value returned by GetLastError() */

  OSTRACE(("SEEK file=%p, offset=%lld\n", pFile->h, iOffset));

  upperBits = (LONG)((iOffset>>32) & 0x7fffffff);
  lowerBits = (LONG)(iOffset & 0xffffffff);

  /* API oddity: If successful, SetFilePointer() returns a dword
  ** containing the lower 32-bits of the new file-offset. Or, if it fails,
  ** it returns INVALID_SET_FILE_POINTER. However according to MSDN,
  ** INVALID_SET_FILE_POINTER may also be a valid new offset. So to determine
  ** whether an error has actually occurred, it is also necessary to call
  ** GetLastError().
  */
  dwRet = osSetFilePointer(pFile->h, lowerBits, &upperBits, FILE_BEGIN);

  if( (dwRet==INVALID_SET_FILE_POINTER
      && ((lastErrno = osGetLastError())!=NO_ERROR)) ){
    pFile->lastErrno = lastErrno;
................................................................................
#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
#define WINCE_DELETION_ATTEMPTS 3
  winceDestroyLock(pFile);
  if( pFile->zDeleteOnClose ){
    int cnt = 0;
    while(
           osDeleteFileW(pFile->zDeleteOnClose)==0
        && osGetFileAttributesW(pFile->zDeleteOnClose)!=0xffffffff
        && cnt++ < WINCE_DELETION_ATTEMPTS
    ){
       sqlite3_win32_sleep(100);  /* Wait a little before trying again */
    }
    sqlite3_free(pFile->zDeleteOnClose);
  }
#endif
................................................................................
*/
static int winDeviceCharacteristics(sqlite3_file *id){
  winFile *p = (winFile*)id;
  return SQLITE_IOCAP_UNDELETABLE_WHEN_OPEN |
         ((p->ctrlFlags & WINFILE_PSOW)?SQLITE_IOCAP_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE:0);
}

/*
** Windows will only let you create file view mappings
** on allocation size granularity boundaries.
** During sqlite3_os_init() we do a GetSystemInfo()
** to get the granularity size.
*/
static SYSTEM_INFO winSysInfo;

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL

/*
** Helper functions to obtain and relinquish the global mutex. The
** global mutex is used to protect the winLockInfo objects used by
** this file, all of which may be shared by multiple threads.
**
** Function winShmMutexHeld() is used to assert() that the global mutex
** is held when required. This function is only used as part of assert()
** statements. e.g.
**
**   winShmEnterMutex()
**     assert( winShmMutexHeld() );
**   winShmLeaveMutex()
*/
static void winShmEnterMutex(void){
................................................................................
** point to a single instance of this object.  In other words, each
** log-summary is opened only once per process.
**
** winShmMutexHeld() must be true when creating or destroying
** this object or while reading or writing the following fields:
**
**      nRef
**      pNext
**
** The following fields are read-only after the object is created:
**
**      fid
**      zFilename
**
** Either winShmNode.mutex must be held or winShmNode.nRef==0 and
** winShmMutexHeld() is true when reading or writing any other field
** in this structure.
**
................................................................................
    rc = winUnlockFile(&pFile->hFile.h, ofst, 0, nByte, 0);
  }else{
    /* Initialize the locking parameters */
    DWORD dwFlags = LOCKFILE_FAIL_IMMEDIATELY;
    if( lockType == _SHM_WRLCK ) dwFlags |= LOCKFILE_EXCLUSIVE_LOCK;
    rc = winLockFile(&pFile->hFile.h, dwFlags, ofst, 0, nByte, 0);
  }

  if( rc!= 0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
  }else{
    pFile->lastErrno =  osGetLastError();
    rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
  }

................................................................................
  pNew = sqlite3MallocZero( sizeof(*pShmNode) + nName + 17 );
  if( pNew==0 ){
    sqlite3_free(p);
    return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
  }
  pNew->zFilename = (char*)&pNew[1];
  sqlite3_snprintf(nName+15, pNew->zFilename, "%s-shm", pDbFd->zPath);
  sqlite3FileSuffix3(pDbFd->zPath, pNew->zFilename);

  /* Look to see if there is an existing winShmNode that can be used.
  ** If no matching winShmNode currently exists, create a new one.
  */
  winShmEnterMutex();
  for(pShmNode = winShmNodeList; pShmNode; pShmNode=pShmNode->pNext){
    /* TBD need to come up with better match here.  Perhaps
................................................................................
                 SQLITE_OPEN_WAL | SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE | SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE,
                 0);
    if( SQLITE_OK!=rc ){
      goto shm_open_err;
    }

    /* Check to see if another process is holding the dead-man switch.
    ** If not, truncate the file to zero length.
    */
    if( winShmSystemLock(pShmNode, _SHM_WRLCK, WIN_SHM_DMS, 1)==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = winTruncate((sqlite3_file *)&pShmNode->hFile, 0);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        rc = winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_SHMOPEN, osGetLastError(),
                         "winOpenShm", pDbFd->zPath);
      }
................................................................................
  pDbFd->pShm = p;
  winShmLeaveMutex();

  /* The reference count on pShmNode has already been incremented under
  ** the cover of the winShmEnterMutex() mutex and the pointer from the
  ** new (struct winShm) object to the pShmNode has been set. All that is
  ** left to do is to link the new object into the linked list starting
  ** at pShmNode->pFirst. This must be done while holding the pShmNode->mutex
  ** mutex.
  */
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(pShmNode->mutex);
  p->pNext = pShmNode->pFirst;
  pShmNode->pFirst = p;
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(pShmNode->mutex);
  return SQLITE_OK;
................................................................................
  sqlite3_free(p);
  sqlite3_free(pNew);
  winShmLeaveMutex();
  return rc;
}

/*
** Close a connection to shared-memory.  Delete the underlying
** storage if deleteFlag is true.
*/
static int winShmUnmap(
  sqlite3_file *fd,          /* Database holding shared memory */
  int deleteFlag             /* Delete after closing if true */
){
  winFile *pDbFd;       /* Database holding shared-memory */
................................................................................
      rc = SQLITE_OK;
    }

    /* Undo the local locks */
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      p->exclMask &= ~mask;
      p->sharedMask &= ~mask;
    }
  }else if( flags & SQLITE_SHM_SHARED ){
    u16 allShared = 0;  /* Union of locks held by connections other than "p" */

    /* Find out which shared locks are already held by sibling connections.
    ** If any sibling already holds an exclusive lock, go ahead and return
    ** SQLITE_BUSY.
    */
................................................................................
    */
    for(pX=pShmNode->pFirst; pX; pX=pX->pNext){
      if( (pX->exclMask & mask)!=0 || (pX->sharedMask & mask)!=0 ){
        rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
        break;
      }
    }

    /* Get the exclusive locks at the system level.  Then if successful
    ** also mark the local connection as being locked.
    */
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = winShmSystemLock(pShmNode, _SHM_WRLCK, ofst+WIN_SHM_BASE, n);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        assert( (p->sharedMask & mask)==0 );
................................................................................
  OSTRACE(("SHM-LOCK pid=%lu, id=%d, sharedMask=%03x, exclMask=%03x, rc=%s\n",
           osGetCurrentProcessId(), p->id, p->sharedMask, p->exclMask,
           sqlite3ErrName(rc)));
  return rc;
}

/*
** Implement a memory barrier or memory fence on shared memory.
**
** All loads and stores begun before the barrier must complete before
** any load or store begun after the barrier.
*/
static void winShmBarrier(
  sqlite3_file *fd          /* Database holding the shared memory */
){
................................................................................
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(fd);
  /* MemoryBarrier(); // does not work -- do not know why not */
  winShmEnterMutex();
  winShmLeaveMutex();
}

/*
** This function is called to obtain a pointer to region iRegion of the
** shared-memory associated with the database file fd. Shared-memory regions
** are numbered starting from zero. Each shared-memory region is szRegion
** bytes in size.
**
** If an error occurs, an error code is returned and *pp is set to NULL.
**
** Otherwise, if the isWrite parameter is 0 and the requested shared-memory
** region has not been allocated (by any client, including one running in a
** separate process), then *pp is set to NULL and SQLITE_OK returned. If
** isWrite is non-zero and the requested shared-memory region has not yet
** been allocated, it is allocated by this function.
**
** If the shared-memory region has already been allocated or is allocated by
** this call as described above, then it is mapped into this processes
** address space (if it is not already), *pp is set to point to the mapped
** memory and SQLITE_OK returned.
*/
static int winShmMap(
  sqlite3_file *fd,               /* Handle open on database file */
  int iRegion,                    /* Region to retrieve */
  int szRegion,                   /* Size of regions */
  int isWrite,                    /* True to extend file if necessary */
................................................................................
      goto shmpage_out;
    }
    pShmNode->aRegion = apNew;

    while( pShmNode->nRegion<=iRegion ){
      HANDLE hMap = NULL;         /* file-mapping handle */
      void *pMap = 0;             /* Mapped memory region */

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
      hMap = osCreateFileMappingFromApp(pShmNode->hFile.h,
          NULL, PAGE_READWRITE, nByte, NULL
      );
#elif defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_WIDE)
      hMap = osCreateFileMappingW(pShmNode->hFile.h,
          NULL, PAGE_READWRITE, 0, nByte, NULL
      );
#elif defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI)
      hMap = osCreateFileMappingA(pShmNode->hFile.h,
          NULL, PAGE_READWRITE, 0, nByte, NULL
      );
#endif
      OSTRACE(("SHM-MAP-CREATE pid=%lu, region=%d, size=%d, rc=%s\n",
               osGetCurrentProcessId(), pShmNode->nRegion, nByte,
               hMap ? "ok" : "failed"));
      if( hMap ){
................................................................................
  OSTRACE(("UNMAP-FILE pid=%lu, pFile=%p, rc=SQLITE_OK\n",
           osGetCurrentProcessId(), pFile));
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Memory map or remap the file opened by file-descriptor pFd (if the file
** is already mapped, the existing mapping is replaced by the new). Or, if
** there already exists a mapping for this file, and there are still
** outstanding xFetch() references to it, this function is a no-op.
**
** If parameter nByte is non-negative, then it is the requested size of
** the mapping to create. Otherwise, if nByte is less than zero, then the
** requested size is the size of the file on disk. The actual size of the
** created mapping is either the requested size or the value configured
** using SQLITE_FCNTL_MMAP_SIZE, whichever is smaller.
**
** SQLITE_OK is returned if no error occurs (even if the mapping is not
** recreated as a result of outstanding references) or an SQLite error
** code otherwise.
*/
static int winMapfile(winFile *pFd, sqlite3_int64 nByte){
................................................................................
      return SQLITE_IOERR_FSTAT;
    }
  }
  if( nMap>pFd->mmapSizeMax ){
    nMap = pFd->mmapSizeMax;
  }
  nMap &= ~(sqlite3_int64)(winSysInfo.dwPageSize - 1);

  if( nMap==0 && pFd->mmapSize>0 ){
    winUnmapfile(pFd);
  }
  if( nMap!=pFd->mmapSize ){
    void *pNew = 0;
    DWORD protect = PAGE_READONLY;
    DWORD flags = FILE_MAP_READ;
................................................................................
** iOff. The mapping must be valid for at least nAmt bytes.
**
** If such a pointer can be obtained, store it in *pp and return SQLITE_OK.
** Or, if one cannot but no error occurs, set *pp to 0 and return SQLITE_OK.
** Finally, if an error does occur, return an SQLite error code. The final
** value of *pp is undefined in this case.
**
** If this function does return a pointer, the caller must eventually
** release the reference by calling winUnfetch().
*/
static int winFetch(sqlite3_file *fd, i64 iOff, int nAmt, void **pp){
#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
  winFile *pFd = (winFile*)fd;   /* The underlying database file */
#endif
  *pp = 0;
................................................................................

  OSTRACE(("FETCH pid=%lu, pFile=%p, pp=%p, *pp=%p, rc=SQLITE_OK\n",
           osGetCurrentProcessId(), fd, pp, *pp));
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** If the third argument is non-NULL, then this function releases a
** reference obtained by an earlier call to winFetch(). The second
** argument passed to this function must be the same as the corresponding
** argument that was passed to the winFetch() invocation.
**
** Or, if the third argument is NULL, then this function is being called
** to inform the VFS layer that, according to POSIX, any existing mapping
** may now be invalid and should be unmapped.
*/
static int winUnfetch(sqlite3_file *fd, i64 iOff, void *p){
#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
  winFile *pFd = (winFile*)fd;   /* The underlying database file */

  /* If p==0 (unmap the entire file) then there must be no outstanding
  ** xFetch references. Or, if p!=0 (meaning it is an xFetch reference),
  ** then there must be at least one outstanding.  */
  assert( (p==0)==(pFd->nFetchOut==0) );

  /* If p!=0, it must match the iOff value. */
  assert( p==0 || p==&((u8 *)pFd->pMapRegion)[iOff] );

................................................................................
  size_t i, j;
  int nPre = sqlite3Strlen30(SQLITE_TEMP_FILE_PREFIX);
  int nMax, nBuf, nDir, nLen;
  char *zBuf;

  /* It's odd to simulate an io-error here, but really this is just
  ** using the io-error infrastructure to test that SQLite handles this
  ** function failing.
  */
  SimulateIOError( return SQLITE_IOERR );

  /* Allocate a temporary buffer to store the fully qualified file
  ** name for the temporary file.  If this fails, we cannot continue.
  */
  nMax = pVfs->mxPathname; nBuf = nMax + 2;
................................................................................
  if( !winMakeEndInDirSep(nDir+1, zBuf) ){
    sqlite3_free(zBuf);
    OSTRACE(("TEMP-FILENAME rc=SQLITE_ERROR\n"));
    return winLogError(SQLITE_ERROR, 0, "winGetTempname4", 0);
  }

  /*
  ** Check that the output buffer is large enough for the temporary file
  ** name in the following format:
  **
  **   "<temporary_directory>/etilqs_XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX\0\0"
  **
  ** If not, return SQLITE_ERROR.  The number 17 is used here in order to
  ** account for the space used by the 15 character random suffix and the
  ** two trailing NUL characters.  The final directory separator character
................................................................................
  int isDelete     = (flags & SQLITE_OPEN_DELETEONCLOSE);
  int isCreate     = (flags & SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE);
  int isReadonly   = (flags & SQLITE_OPEN_READONLY);
  int isReadWrite  = (flags & SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE);

#ifndef NDEBUG
  int isOpenJournal = (isCreate && (
        eType==SQLITE_OPEN_MASTER_JOURNAL
     || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_JOURNAL
     || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_WAL
  ));
#endif

  OSTRACE(("OPEN name=%s, pFile=%p, flags=%x, pOutFlags=%p\n",
           zUtf8Name, id, flags, pOutFlags));

  /* Check the following statements are true:
  **
  **   (a) Exactly one of the READWRITE and READONLY flags must be set, and
  **   (b) if CREATE is set, then READWRITE must also be set, and
  **   (c) if EXCLUSIVE is set, then CREATE must also be set.
  **   (d) if DELETEONCLOSE is set, then CREATE must also be set.
  */
  assert((isReadonly==0 || isReadWrite==0) && (isReadWrite || isReadonly));
  assert(isCreate==0 || isReadWrite);
  assert(isExclusive==0 || isCreate);
  assert(isDelete==0 || isCreate);

  /* The main DB, main journal, WAL file and master journal are never
  ** automatically deleted. Nor are they ever temporary files.  */
  assert( (!isDelete && zName) || eType!=SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB );
  assert( (!isDelete && zName) || eType!=SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_JOURNAL );
  assert( (!isDelete && zName) || eType!=SQLITE_OPEN_MASTER_JOURNAL );
  assert( (!isDelete && zName) || eType!=SQLITE_OPEN_WAL );

  /* Assert that the upper layer has set one of the "file-type" flags. */
  assert( eType==SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB      || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_DB
       || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_JOURNAL || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_JOURNAL
       || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_SUBJOURNAL   || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_MASTER_JOURNAL
       || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_TRANSIENT_DB || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_WAL
  );

  assert( pFile!=0 );
  memset(pFile, 0, sizeof(winFile));
  pFile->h = INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE;

................................................................................
#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  if( !zUtf8Name && !sqlite3_temp_directory ){
    sqlite3_log(SQLITE_ERROR,
        "sqlite3_temp_directory variable should be set for WinRT");
  }
#endif

  /* If the second argument to this function is NULL, generate a
  ** temporary file name to use
  */
  if( !zUtf8Name ){
    assert( isDelete && !isOpenJournal );
    rc = winGetTempname(pVfs, &zTmpname);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      OSTRACE(("OPEN name=%s, rc=%s", zUtf8Name, sqlite3ErrName(rc)));
      return rc;
................................................................................

  if( isReadWrite ){
    dwDesiredAccess = GENERIC_READ | GENERIC_WRITE;
  }else{
    dwDesiredAccess = GENERIC_READ;
  }

  /* SQLITE_OPEN_EXCLUSIVE is used to make sure that a new file is
  ** created. SQLite doesn't use it to indicate "exclusive access"
  ** as it is usually understood.
  */
  if( isExclusive ){
    /* Creates a new file, only if it does not already exist. */
    /* If the file exists, it fails. */
    dwCreationDisposition = CREATE_NEW;
  }else if( isCreate ){
................................................................................

  if( h==INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE ){
    pFile->lastErrno = lastErrno;
    winLogError(SQLITE_CANTOPEN, pFile->lastErrno, "winOpen", zUtf8Name);
    sqlite3_free(zConverted);
    sqlite3_free(zTmpname);
    if( isReadWrite && !isExclusive ){
      return winOpen(pVfs, zName, id,
         ((flags|SQLITE_OPEN_READONLY) &
                     ~(SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE|SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE)),
         pOutFlags);
    }else{
      return SQLITE_CANTOPEN_BKPT;
    }
  }
................................................................................
    return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
  }
  if( osIsNT() ){
    int cnt = 0;
    WIN32_FILE_ATTRIBUTE_DATA sAttrData;
    memset(&sAttrData, 0, sizeof(sAttrData));
    while( !(rc = osGetFileAttributesExW((LPCWSTR)zConverted,
                             GetFileExInfoStandard,
                             &sAttrData)) && winRetryIoerr(&cnt, &lastErrno) ){}
    if( rc ){
      /* For an SQLITE_ACCESS_EXISTS query, treat a zero-length file
      ** as if it does not exist.
      */
      if(    flags==SQLITE_ACCESS_EXISTS
          && sAttrData.nFileSizeHigh==0
          && sAttrData.nFileSizeLow==0 ){
        attr = INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES;
      }else{
        attr = sAttrData.dwFileAttributes;
      }
    }else{
      winLogIoerr(cnt);
................................................................................
*/
static int winFullPathname(
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs,            /* Pointer to vfs object */
  const char *zRelative,        /* Possibly relative input path */
  int nFull,                    /* Size of output buffer in bytes */
  char *zFull                   /* Output buffer */
){

#if defined(__CYGWIN__)
  SimulateIOError( return SQLITE_ERROR );
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(nFull);
  assert( nFull>=pVfs->mxPathname );
  if ( sqlite3_data_directory && !winIsVerbatimPathname(zRelative) ){
    /*
    ** NOTE: We are dealing with a relative path name and the data
................................................................................
/*
** Find the current time (in Universal Coordinated Time).  Write into *piNow
** the current time and date as a Julian Day number times 86_400_000.  In
** other words, write into *piNow the number of milliseconds since the Julian
** epoch of noon in Greenwich on November 24, 4714 B.C according to the
** proleptic Gregorian calendar.
**
** On success, return SQLITE_OK.  Return SQLITE_ERROR if the time and date
** cannot be found.
*/
static int winCurrentTimeInt64(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, sqlite3_int64 *piNow){
  /* FILETIME structure is a 64-bit value representing the number of
     100-nanosecond intervals since January 1, 1601 (= JD 2305813.5).
  */
  FILETIME ft;
  static const sqlite3_int64 winFiletimeEpoch = 23058135*(sqlite3_int64)8640000;
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
  static const sqlite3_int64 unixEpoch = 24405875*(sqlite3_int64)8640000;
#endif
  /* 2^32 - to avoid use of LL and warnings in gcc */
  static const sqlite3_int64 max32BitValue =
      (sqlite3_int64)2000000000 + (sqlite3_int64)2000000000 +
      (sqlite3_int64)294967296;

#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
  SYSTEMTIME time;
  osGetSystemTime(&time);
  /* if SystemTimeToFileTime() fails, it returns zero. */
................................................................................
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
#else
  osGetSystemTimeAsFileTime( &ft );
#endif

  *piNow = winFiletimeEpoch +
            ((((sqlite3_int64)ft.dwHighDateTime)*max32BitValue) +
               (sqlite3_int64)ft.dwLowDateTime)/(sqlite3_int64)10000;

#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
  if( sqlite3_current_time ){
    *piNow = 1000*(sqlite3_int64)sqlite3_current_time + unixEpoch;
  }
#endif
................................................................................
    winGetSystemCall,    /* xGetSystemCall */
    winNextSystemCall,   /* xNextSystemCall */
  };
#endif

  /* Double-check that the aSyscall[] array has been constructed
  ** correctly.  See ticket [bb3a86e890c8e96ab] */
  assert( ArraySize(aSyscall)==77 );

  /* get memory map allocation granularity */
  memset(&winSysInfo, 0, sizeof(SYSTEM_INFO));
#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  osGetNativeSystemInfo(&winSysInfo);
#else
  osGetSystemInfo(&winSysInfo);
................................................................................

  sqlite3_vfs_register(&winVfs, 1);

#if defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_WIDE)
  sqlite3_vfs_register(&winLongPathVfs, 0);
#endif

  return SQLITE_OK;
}

SQLITE_API int sqlite3_os_end(void){
#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  if( sleepObj!=NULL ){
    osCloseHandle(sleepObj);
    sleepObj = NULL;
  }
#endif
  return SQLITE_OK;
................................................................................
  ** during the few nanoseconds that it is holding the lock.  In that case,
  ** it might take longer than normal for the lock to free.
  **
  ** After 5 RETRYs, we begin calling sqlite3OsSleep().  The first few
  ** calls to sqlite3OsSleep() have a delay of 1 microsecond.  Really this
  ** is more of a scheduler yield than an actual delay.  But on the 10th
  ** an subsequent retries, the delays start becoming longer and longer, 
  ** so that on the 100th (and last) RETRY we delay for 323 milliseconds.
  ** The total delay time before giving up is less than 10 seconds.
  */
  if( cnt>5 ){
    int nDelay = 1;                      /* Pause time in microseconds */
    if( cnt>100 ){
      VVA_ONLY( pWal->lockError = 1; )
      return SQLITE_PROTOCOL;
    }
    if( cnt>=10 ) nDelay = (cnt-9)*(cnt-9)*39;
    sqlite3OsSleep(pWal->pVfs, nDelay);
  }

  if( !useWal ){
    rc = walIndexReadHdr(pWal, pChanged);
    if( rc==SQLITE_BUSY ){
      /* If there is not a recovery running in another thread or process
................................................................................
  }

  /* If the client is reading  or writing an index and the schema is
  ** not loaded, then it is too difficult to actually check to see if
  ** the correct locks are held.  So do not bother - just return true.
  ** This case does not come up very often anyhow.
  */
  if( isIndex && (!pSchema || (pSchema->schemaFlags&DB_SchemaLoaded)==0) ){
    return 1;
  }

  /* Figure out the root-page that the lock should be held on. For table
  ** b-trees, this is just the root page of the b-tree being read or
  ** written. For index b-trees, it is the root page of the associated
  ** table.  */
................................................................................
*/
static Pgno btreePagecount(BtShared *pBt){
  return pBt->nPage;
}
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3BtreeLastPage(Btree *p){
  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsMutex(p) );
  assert( ((p->pBt->nPage)&0x8000000)==0 );
  return btreePagecount(p->pBt);
}

/*
** Get a page from the pager and initialize it.  This routine is just a
** convenience wrapper around separate calls to btreeGetPage() and 
** btreeInitPage().
**
................................................................................
  int cellOffset;   /* Address of first cell pointer in data[] */
  u8 *data;         /* The content of the whole page */
  int nSkip = (iChild ? 4 : 0);

  if( *pRC ) return;

  assert( i>=0 && i<=pPage->nCell+pPage->nOverflow );
  assert( MX_CELL(pPage->pBt)<=10921 );
  assert( pPage->nCell<=MX_CELL(pPage->pBt) || CORRUPT_DB );
  assert( pPage->nOverflow<=ArraySize(pPage->apOvfl) );
  assert( ArraySize(pPage->apOvfl)==ArraySize(pPage->aiOvfl) );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  /* The cell should normally be sized correctly.  However, when moving a
  ** malformed cell from a leaf page to an interior page, if the cell size
  ** wanted to be less than 4 but got rounded up to 4 on the leaf, then size
  ** might be less than 8 (leaf-size + pointer) on the interior node.  Hence
................................................................................
  int i;
  FuncDefHash *pHash = &GLOBAL(FuncDefHash, sqlite3GlobalFunctions);
  FuncDef *aFunc = (FuncDef*)&GLOBAL(FuncDef, aAnalyzeTableFuncs);
  for(i=0; i<ArraySize(aAnalyzeTableFuncs); i++){
    sqlite3FuncDefInsert(pHash, &aFunc[i]);
  }
}

/*
** Attempt to extract a value from pExpr and use it to construct *ppVal.
**
** If pAlloc is not NULL, then an UnpackedRecord object is created for
** pAlloc if one does not exist and the new value is added to the
** UnpackedRecord object.
**
** A value is extracted in the following cases:
**
**  * (pExpr==0). In this case the value is assumed to be an SQL NULL,
**
**  * The expression is a bound variable, and this is a reprepare, or
**
**  * The expression is a literal value.
**
** On success, *ppVal is made to point to the extracted value.  The caller
** is responsible for ensuring that the value is eventually freed.
*/
static int stat4ValueFromExpr(
  Parse *pParse,                  /* Parse context */
  Expr *pExpr,                    /* The expression to extract a value from */
  u8 affinity,                    /* Affinity to use */
  struct ValueNewStat4Ctx *pAlloc,/* How to allocate space.  Or NULL */
  sqlite3_value **ppVal           /* OUT: New value object (or NULL) */
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  sqlite3_value *pVal = 0;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;

  /* Skip over any TK_COLLATE nodes */
  pExpr = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pExpr);

  if( !pExpr ){
    pVal = valueNew(db, pAlloc);
    if( pVal ){
      sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull((Mem*)pVal);
    }
  }else if( pExpr->op==TK_VARIABLE
        || NEVER(pExpr->op==TK_REGISTER && pExpr->op2==TK_VARIABLE)
  ){
    Vdbe *v;
    int iBindVar = pExpr->iColumn;
    sqlite3VdbeSetVarmask(pParse->pVdbe, iBindVar);
    if( (v = pParse->pReprepare)!=0 ){
      pVal = valueNew(db, pAlloc);
      if( pVal ){
        rc = sqlite3VdbeMemCopy((Mem*)pVal, &v->aVar[iBindVar-1]);
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(pVal, affinity, ENC(db));
        }
        pVal->db = pParse->db;
      }
    }
  }else{
    rc = valueFromExpr(db, pExpr, ENC(db), affinity, &pVal, pAlloc);
  }

  assert( pVal==0 || pVal->db==db );
  *ppVal = pVal;
  return rc;
}

/*
** This function is used to allocate and populate UnpackedRecord 
** structures intended to be compared against sample index keys stored 
** in the sqlite_stat4 table.
**
** A single call to this function attempts to populates field iVal (leftmost 
................................................................................
  Index *pIdx,                    /* Index being probed */
  UnpackedRecord **ppRec,         /* IN/OUT: Probe record */
  Expr *pExpr,                    /* The expression to extract a value from */
  u8 affinity,                    /* Affinity to use */
  int iVal,                       /* Array element to populate */
  int *pbOk                       /* OUT: True if value was extracted */
){
  int rc;
  sqlite3_value *pVal = 0;
  struct ValueNewStat4Ctx alloc;



  alloc.pParse = pParse;
  alloc.pIdx = pIdx;
  alloc.ppRec = ppRec;
  alloc.iVal = iVal;

  rc = stat4ValueFromExpr(pParse, pExpr, affinity, &alloc, &pVal);
  assert( pVal==0 || pVal->db==pParse->db );
  *pbOk = (pVal!=0);
  return rc;
}





/*
** Attempt to extract a value from expression pExpr using the methods
** as described for sqlite3Stat4ProbeSetValue() above. 

**
** If successful, set *ppVal to point to a new value object and return 
** SQLITE_OK. If no value can be extracted, but no other error occurs
** (e.g. OOM), return SQLITE_OK and set *ppVal to NULL. Or, if an error
** does occur, return an SQLite error code. The final value of *ppVal
** is undefined in this case.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Stat4ValueFromExpr(
  Parse *pParse,                  /* Parse context */
  Expr *pExpr,                    /* The expression to extract a value from */
  u8 affinity,                    /* Affinity to use */
  sqlite3_value **ppVal           /* OUT: New value object (or NULL) */
){









  return stat4ValueFromExpr(pParse, pExpr, affinity, 0, ppVal);
}


/*
** Extract the iCol-th column from the nRec-byte record in pRec.  Write
** the column value into *ppVal.  If *ppVal is initially NULL then a new
** sqlite3_value object is allocated.
**
** If *ppVal is initially NULL then the caller is responsible for 
** ensuring that the value written into *ppVal is eventually freed.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Stat4Column(
  sqlite3 *db,                    /* Database handle */
  const void *pRec,               /* Pointer to buffer containing record */
  int nRec,                       /* Size of buffer pRec in bytes */
  int iCol,                       /* Column to extract */
  sqlite3_value **ppVal           /* OUT: Extracted value */
){
  u32 t;                          /* a column type code */
  int nHdr;                       /* Size of the header in the record */
  int iHdr;                       /* Next unread header byte */
  int iField;                     /* Next unread data byte */
  int szField;                    /* Size of the current data field */
  int i;                          /* Column index */
  u8 *a = (u8*)pRec;              /* Typecast byte array */
  Mem *pMem = *ppVal;             /* Write result into this Mem object */



  assert( iCol>0 );
  iHdr = getVarint32(a, nHdr);
  if( nHdr>nRec || iHdr>=nHdr ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  iField = nHdr;
  for(i=0; i<=iCol; i++){
    iHdr += getVarint32(&a[iHdr], t);
    testcase( iHdr==nHdr );
    testcase( iHdr==nHdr+1 );
    if( iHdr>nHdr ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    szField = sqlite3VdbeSerialTypeLen(t);
    iField += szField;
  }

  testcase( iField==nRec );
  testcase( iField==nRec+1 );
  if( iField>nRec ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  if( pMem==0 ){
    pMem = *ppVal = sqlite3ValueNew(db);
    if( pMem==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }

  sqlite3VdbeSerialGet(&a[iField-szField], t, pMem);
  pMem->enc = ENC(db);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Unless it is NULL, the argument must be an UnpackedRecord object returned
** by an earlier call to sqlite3Stat4ProbeSetValue(). This call deletes
** the object.
*/
................................................................................
  zTmp = pA->zSql;
  pA->zSql = pB->zSql;
  pB->zSql = zTmp;
  pB->isPrepareV2 = pA->isPrepareV2;
}

/*
** Resize the Vdbe.aOp array so that it is at least nOp elements larger 
** than its current size. nOp is guaranteed to be less than or equal
** to 1024/sizeof(Op).
**
** If an out-of-memory error occurs while resizing the array, return
** SQLITE_NOMEM. In this case Vdbe.aOp and Parse.nOpAlloc remain 
** unchanged (this is so that any opcodes already allocated can be 
** correctly deallocated along with the rest of the Vdbe).
*/
static int growOpArray(Vdbe *v, int nOp){
  VdbeOp *pNew;
  Parse *p = v->pParse;

  /* The SQLITE_TEST_REALLOC_STRESS compile-time option is designed to force
  ** more frequent reallocs and hence provide more opportunities for 
  ** simulated OOM faults.  SQLITE_TEST_REALLOC_STRESS is generally used
  ** during testing only.  With SQLITE_TEST_REALLOC_STRESS grow the op array
  ** by the minimum* amount required until the size reaches 512.  Normal
  ** operation (without SQLITE_TEST_REALLOC_STRESS) is to double the current
  ** size of the op array or add 1KB of space, whichever is smaller. */
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST_REALLOC_STRESS
  int nNew = (p->nOpAlloc>=512 ? p->nOpAlloc*2 : p->nOpAlloc+nOp);
#else
  int nNew = (p->nOpAlloc ? p->nOpAlloc*2 : (int)(1024/sizeof(Op)));
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(nOp);
#endif

  assert( nOp<=(1024/sizeof(Op)) );
  assert( nNew>=(p->nOpAlloc+nOp) );
  pNew = sqlite3DbRealloc(p->db, v->aOp, nNew*sizeof(Op));
  if( pNew ){
    p->nOpAlloc = sqlite3DbMallocSize(p->db, pNew)/sizeof(Op);
    v->aOp = pNew;
  }
  return (pNew ? SQLITE_OK : SQLITE_NOMEM);
}
................................................................................
  int i;
  VdbeOp *pOp;

  i = p->nOp;
  assert( p->magic==VDBE_MAGIC_INIT );
  assert( op>0 && op<0xff );
  if( p->pParse->nOpAlloc<=i ){
    if( growOpArray(p, 1) ){
      return 1;
    }
  }
  p->nOp++;
  pOp = &p->aOp[i];
  pOp->opcode = (u8)op;
  pOp->p5 = 0;
................................................................................
      pOp->p2 = aLabel[-1-pOp->p2];
    }
  }
  sqlite3DbFree(p->db, pParse->aLabel);
  pParse->aLabel = 0;
  pParse->nLabel = 0;
  *pMaxFuncArgs = nMaxArgs;
  assert( p->bIsReader!=0 || DbMaskAllZero(p->btreeMask) );
}

/*
** Return the address of the next instruction to be inserted.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(Vdbe *p){
  assert( p->magic==VDBE_MAGIC_INIT );
................................................................................
** returned program.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE VdbeOp *sqlite3VdbeTakeOpArray(Vdbe *p, int *pnOp, int *pnMaxArg){
  VdbeOp *aOp = p->aOp;
  assert( aOp && !p->db->mallocFailed );

  /* Check that sqlite3VdbeUsesBtree() was not called on this VM */
  assert( DbMaskAllZero(p->btreeMask) );

  resolveP2Values(p, pnMaxArg);
  *pnOp = p->nOp;
  p->aOp = 0;
  return aOp;
}

................................................................................
/*
** Add a whole list of operations to the operation stack.  Return the
** address of the first operation added.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOpList(Vdbe *p, int nOp, VdbeOpList const *aOp, int iLineno){
  int addr;
  assert( p->magic==VDBE_MAGIC_INIT );
  if( p->nOp + nOp > p->pParse->nOpAlloc && growOpArray(p, nOp) ){
    return 0;
  }
  addr = p->nOp;
  if( ALWAYS(nOp>0) ){
    int i;
    VdbeOpList const *pIn = aOp;
    for(i=0; i<nOp; i++, pIn++){
................................................................................
  pVdbe->pProgram = p;
}

/*
** Change the opcode at addr into OP_Noop
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeToNoop(Vdbe *p, int addr){
  if( addr<p->nOp ){
    VdbeOp *pOp = &p->aOp[addr];
    sqlite3 *db = p->db;
    freeP4(db, pOp->p4type, pOp->p4.p);
    memset(pOp, 0, sizeof(pOp[0]));
    pOp->opcode = OP_Noop;
    if( addr==p->nOp-1 ) p->nOp--;
  }
................................................................................
** attached databases that will be use.  A mask of these databases
** is maintained in p->btreeMask.  The p->lockMask value is the subset of
** p->btreeMask of databases that will require a lock.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeUsesBtree(Vdbe *p, int i){
  assert( i>=0 && i<p->db->nDb && i<(int)sizeof(yDbMask)*8 );
  assert( i<(int)sizeof(p->btreeMask)*8 );
  DbMaskSet(p->btreeMask, i);
  if( i!=1 && sqlite3BtreeSharable(p->db->aDb[i].pBt) ){
    DbMaskSet(p->lockMask, i);
  }
}

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE) && SQLITE_THREADSAFE>0
/*
** If SQLite is compiled to support shared-cache mode and to be threadsafe,
** this routine obtains the mutex associated with each BtShared structure
................................................................................
** statement p will ever use.  Let N be the number of bits in p->btreeMask
** corresponding to btrees that use shared cache.  Then the runtime of
** this routine is N*N.  But as N is rarely more than 1, this should not
** be a problem.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeEnter(Vdbe *p){
  int i;

  sqlite3 *db;
  Db *aDb;
  int nDb;
  if( DbMaskAllZero(p->lockMask) ) return;  /* The common case */
  db = p->db;
  aDb = db->aDb;
  nDb = db->nDb;
  for(i=0; i<nDb; i++){
    if( i!=1 && DbMaskTest(p->lockMask,i) && ALWAYS(aDb[i].pBt!=0) ){
      sqlite3BtreeEnter(aDb[i].pBt);
    }
  }
}
#endif

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE) && SQLITE_THREADSAFE>0
/*
** Unlock all of the btrees previously locked by a call to sqlite3VdbeEnter().
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeLeave(Vdbe *p){
  int i;

  sqlite3 *db;
  Db *aDb;
  int nDb;
  if( DbMaskAllZero(p->lockMask) ) return;  /* The common case */
  db = p->db;
  aDb = db->aDb;
  nDb = db->nDb;
  for(i=0; i<nDb; i++){
    if( i!=1 && DbMaskTest(p->lockMask,i) && ALWAYS(aDb[i].pBt!=0) ){
      sqlite3BtreeLeave(aDb[i].pBt);
    }
  }
}
#endif

#if defined(VDBE_PROFILE) || defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
................................................................................
static void checkActiveVdbeCnt(sqlite3 *db){
  Vdbe *p;
  int cnt = 0;
  int nWrite = 0;
  int nRead = 0;
  p = db->pVdbe;
  while( p ){
    if( sqlite3_stmt_busy((sqlite3_stmt*)p) ){
      cnt++;
      if( p->readOnly==0 ) nWrite++;
      if( p->bIsReader ) nRead++;
    }
    p = p->pNext;
  }
  assert( cnt==db->nVdbeActive );
................................................................................
    int isSpecialError;            /* Set to true if a 'special' error */

    /* Lock all btrees used by the statement */
    sqlite3VdbeEnter(p);

    /* Check for one of the special errors */
    mrc = p->rc & 0xff;

    isSpecialError = mrc==SQLITE_NOMEM || mrc==SQLITE_IOERR
                     || mrc==SQLITE_INTERRUPT || mrc==SQLITE_FULL;
    if( isSpecialError ){
      /* If the query was read-only and the error code is SQLITE_INTERRUPT, 
      ** no rollback is necessary. Otherwise, at least a savepoint 
      ** transaction must be rolled back to restore the database to a 
      ** consistent state.
................................................................................
*/

/*
** Return the serial-type for the value stored in pMem.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3VdbeSerialType(Mem *pMem, int file_format){
  int flags = pMem->flags;
  u32 n;

  if( flags&MEM_Null ){
    return 0;
  }
  if( flags&MEM_Int ){
    /* Figure out whether to use 1, 2, 4, 6 or 8 bytes. */
#   define MAX_6BYTE ((((i64)0x00008000)<<32)-1)
................................................................................
    if( u<=MAX_6BYTE ) return 5;
    return 6;
  }
  if( flags&MEM_Real ){
    return 7;
  }
  assert( pMem->db->mallocFailed || flags&(MEM_Str|MEM_Blob) );
  assert( pMem->n>=0 );
  n = (u32)pMem->n;
  if( flags & MEM_Zero ){
    n += pMem->u.nZero;
  }

  return ((n*2) + 12 + ((flags&MEM_Str)!=0));
}

/*
** Return the length of the data corresponding to the supplied serial-type.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3VdbeSerialTypeLen(u32 serial_type){
................................................................................
  assert( mem1.zMalloc==0 );

  /* rc==0 here means that one or both of the keys ran out of fields and
  ** all the fields up to that point were equal. Return the the default_rc
  ** value.  */
  assert( CORRUPT_DB 
       || pPKey2->default_rc==vdbeRecordCompareDebug(nKey1, pKey1, pPKey2) 
       || pKeyInfo->db->mallocFailed
  );
  return pPKey2->default_rc;
}

/*
** This function is an optimized version of sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare() 
** that (a) the first field of pPKey2 is an integer, and (b) the 
................................................................................
    }
  }

  assert( (res==0 && vdbeRecordCompareDebug(nKey1, pKey1, pPKey2)==0)
       || (res<0 && vdbeRecordCompareDebug(nKey1, pKey1, pPKey2)<0)
       || (res>0 && vdbeRecordCompareDebug(nKey1, pKey1, pPKey2)>0)
       || CORRUPT_DB
       || pPKey2->pKeyInfo->db->mallocFailed
  );
  return res;
}

/*
** Return a pointer to an sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare() compatible function
** suitable for comparing serialized records to the unpacked record passed
................................................................................
}

/*
** Return true if the prepared statement is in need of being reset.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_stmt_busy(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt){
  Vdbe *v = (Vdbe*)pStmt;
  return v!=0 && v->pc>=0 && v->magic==VDBE_MAGIC_RUN;
}

/*
** Return a pointer to the next prepared statement after pStmt associated
** with database connection pDb.  If pStmt is NULL, return the first
** prepared statement for the database connection.  Return NULL if there
** are no more.
................................................................................
** feature is used for test suite validation only and does not appear an
** production builds.
**
** M is an integer, 2 or 3, that indices how many different ways the
** branch can go.  It is usually 2.  "I" is the direction the branch
** goes.  0 means falls through.  1 means branch is taken.  2 means the
** second alternative branch is taken.
**
** iSrcLine is the source code line (from the __LINE__ macro) that
** generated the VDBE instruction.  This instrumentation assumes that all
** source code is in a single file (the amalgamation).  Special values 1
** and 2 for the iSrcLine parameter mean that this particular branch is
** always taken or never taken, respectively.
*/
#if !defined(SQLITE_VDBE_COVERAGE)
# define VdbeBranchTaken(I,M)
#else
# define VdbeBranchTaken(I,M) vdbeTakeBranch(pOp->iSrcLine,I,M)
  static void vdbeTakeBranch(int iSrcLine, u8 I, u8 M){
    if( iSrcLine<=2 && ALWAYS(iSrcLine>0) ){
................................................................................
/*
** Try to convert a value into a numeric representation if we can
** do so without loss of information.  In other words, if the string
** looks like a number, convert it into a number.  If it does not
** look like a number, leave it alone.
*/
static void applyNumericAffinity(Mem *pRec){

  double rValue;
  i64 iValue;
  u8 enc = pRec->enc;
  if( (pRec->flags&MEM_Str)==0 ) return;
  if( sqlite3AtoF(pRec->z, &rValue, pRec->n, enc)==0 ) return;
  if( 0==sqlite3Atoi64(pRec->z, &iValue, pRec->n, enc) ){
    pRec->u.i = iValue;
    pRec->flags |= MEM_Int;
  }else{
    pRec->r = rValue;
    pRec->flags |= MEM_Real;
  }
}

#define ApplyNumericAffinity(X)  \
   if(((X)->flags&(MEM_Real|MEM_Int))==0){applyNumericAffinity(X);}

/*
** Processing is determine by the affinity parameter:
**
** SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER:
** SQLITE_AFF_REAL:
** SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC:
................................................................................
    if( 0==(pRec->flags&MEM_Str) && (pRec->flags&(MEM_Real|MEM_Int)) ){
      sqlite3VdbeMemStringify(pRec, enc);
    }
    pRec->flags &= ~(MEM_Real|MEM_Int);
  }else if( affinity!=SQLITE_AFF_NONE ){
    assert( affinity==SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER || affinity==SQLITE_AFF_REAL
             || affinity==SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC );
    ApplyNumericAffinity(pRec);
    if( pRec->flags & MEM_Real ){
      sqlite3VdbeIntegerAffinity(pRec);
    }
  }
}

/*
................................................................................
  pc = (int)pIn1->u.i;
  pIn1->flags = MEM_Undefined;
  break;
}

/* Opcode: InitCoroutine P1 P2 P3 * *
**
** Set up register P1 so that it will Yield to the coroutine
** located at address P3.
**
** If P2!=0 then the coroutine implementation immediately follows
** this opcode.  So jump over the coroutine implementation to
** address P2.
**
** See also: EndCoroutine
*/
case OP_InitCoroutine: {     /* jump */
  assert( pOp->p1>0 &&  pOp->p1<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  assert( pOp->p2>=0 && pOp->p2<p->nOp );
  assert( pOp->p3>=0 && pOp->p3<p->nOp );
  pOut = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  assert( !VdbeMemDynamic(pOut) );
................................................................................
  pOut->flags = MEM_Int;
  if( pOp->p2 ) pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  break;
}

/* Opcode:  EndCoroutine P1 * * * *
**
** The instruction at the address in register P1 is a Yield.
** Jump to the P2 parameter of that Yield.
** After the jump, register P1 becomes undefined.
**
** See also: InitCoroutine
*/
case OP_EndCoroutine: {           /* in1 */
  VdbeOp *pCaller;
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  assert( pIn1->flags==MEM_Int );
  assert( pIn1->u.i>=0 && pIn1->u.i<p->nOp );
  pCaller = &aOp[pIn1->u.i];
................................................................................
  pc = pCaller->p2 - 1;
  pIn1->flags = MEM_Undefined;
  break;
}

/* Opcode:  Yield P1 P2 * * *
**
** Swap the program counter with the value in register P1.  This
** has the effect of yielding to a coroutine.
**

** If the coroutine that is launched by this instruction ends with
** Yield or Return then continue to the next instruction.  But if
** the coroutine launched by this instruction ends with
** EndCoroutine, then jump to P2 rather than continuing with the
** next instruction.

**
** See also: InitCoroutine
*/
case OP_Yield: {            /* in1, jump */
  int pcDest;
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  assert( VdbeMemDynamic(pIn1)==0 );
  pIn1->flags = MEM_Int;
  pcDest = (int)pIn1->u.i;
................................................................................
}
#endif

/* Opcode: String8 * P2 * P4 *
** Synopsis: r[P2]='P4'
**
** P4 points to a nul terminated UTF-8 string. This opcode is transformed 
** into a String before it is executed for the first time.  During
** this transformation, the length of string P4 is computed and stored
** as the P1 parameter.
*/
case OP_String8: {         /* same as TK_STRING, out2-prerelease */
  assert( pOp->p4.z!=0 );
  pOp->opcode = OP_String;
  pOp->p1 = sqlite3Strlen30(pOp->p4.z);
................................................................................
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetInt64(pOut, ~sqlite3VdbeIntValue(pIn1));
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Once P1 P2 * * *
**
** Check the "once" flag number P1. If it is set, jump to instruction P2. 
** Otherwise, set the flag and fall through to the next instruction.
** In other words, this opcode causes all following opcodes up through P2
** (but not including P2) to run just once and to be skipped on subsequent
** times through the loop.
**
** All "once" flags are initially cleared whenever a prepared statement
** first begins to run.
*/
case OP_Once: {             /* jump */
  assert( pOp->p1<p->nOnceFlag );
  VdbeBranchTaken(p->aOnceFlag[pOp->p1]!=0, 2);
  if( p->aOnceFlag[pOp->p1] ){
    pc = pOp->p2-1;
  }else{
................................................................................
  break;
}

/* Opcode: If P1 P2 P3 * *
**
** Jump to P2 if the value in register P1 is true.  The value
** is considered true if it is numeric and non-zero.  If the value
** in P1 is NULL then take the jump if and only if P3 is non-zero.
*/
/* Opcode: IfNot P1 P2 P3 * *
**
** Jump to P2 if the value in register P1 is False.  The value
** is considered false if it has a numeric value of zero.  If the value
** in P1 is NULL then take the jump if and only if P3 is non-zero.
*/
case OP_If:                 /* jump, in1 */
case OP_IfNot: {            /* jump, in1 */
  int c;
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  if( pIn1->flags & MEM_Null ){
    c = pOp->p3;
................................................................................
  Btree *pBt;
  int iMeta;
  int iGen;

  assert( p->bIsReader );
  assert( p->readOnly==0 || pOp->p2==0 );
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<db->nDb );
  assert( DbMaskTest(p->btreeMask, pOp->p1) );
  if( pOp->p2 && (db->flags & SQLITE_QueryOnly)!=0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_READONLY;
    goto abort_due_to_error;
  }
  pBt = db->aDb[pOp->p1].pBt;

  if( pBt ){
................................................................................

  assert( p->bIsReader );
  iDb = pOp->p1;
  iCookie = pOp->p3;
  assert( pOp->p3<SQLITE_N_BTREE_META );
  assert( iDb>=0 && iDb<db->nDb );
  assert( db->aDb[iDb].pBt!=0 );
  assert( DbMaskTest(p->btreeMask, iDb) );

  sqlite3BtreeGetMeta(db->aDb[iDb].pBt, iCookie, (u32 *)&iMeta);
  pOut->u.i = iMeta;
  break;
}

/* Opcode: SetCookie P1 P2 P3 * *
................................................................................
**
** A transaction must be started before executing this opcode.
*/
case OP_SetCookie: {       /* in3 */
  Db *pDb;
  assert( pOp->p2<SQLITE_N_BTREE_META );
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<db->nDb );
  assert( DbMaskTest(p->btreeMask, pOp->p1) );
  assert( p->readOnly==0 );
  pDb = &db->aDb[pOp->p1];
  assert( pDb->pBt!=0 );
  assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, pOp->p1, 0) );
  pIn3 = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  sqlite3VdbeMemIntegerify(pIn3);
  /* See note about index shifting on OP_ReadCookie */
................................................................................
**
** The P4 value may be either an integer (P4_INT32) or a pointer to
** a KeyInfo structure (P4_KEYINFO). If it is a pointer to a KeyInfo 
** structure, then said structure defines the content and collating 
** sequence of the index being opened. Otherwise, if P4 is an integer 
** value, it is set to the number of columns in the table.
**
** See also: OpenWrite, ReopenIdx
*/
/* Opcode: ReopenIdx P1 P2 P3 P4 P5
** Synopsis: root=P2 iDb=P3
**
** The ReopenIdx opcode works exactly like ReadOpen except that it first
** checks to see if the cursor on P1 is already open with a root page
** number of P2 and if it is this opcode becomes a no-op.  In other words,
** if the cursor is already open, do not reopen it.
**
** The ReopenIdx opcode may only be used with P5==0 and with P4 being
** a P4_KEYINFO object.  Furthermore, the P3 value must be the same as
** every other ReopenIdx or OpenRead for the same cursor number.
**
** See the OpenRead opcode documentation for additional information.
*/
/* Opcode: OpenWrite P1 P2 P3 P4 P5
** Synopsis: root=P2 iDb=P3
**
** Open a read/write cursor named P1 on the table or index whose root
** page is P2.  Or if P5!=0 use the content of register P2 to find the
** root page.
................................................................................
**
** This instruction works just like OpenRead except that it opens the cursor
** in read/write mode.  For a given table, there can be one or more read-only
** cursors or a single read/write cursor but not both.
**
** See also OpenRead.
*/
case OP_ReopenIdx: {
  VdbeCursor *pCur;

  assert( pOp->p5==0 );
  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_KEYINFO );
  pCur = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  if( pCur && pCur->pgnoRoot==(u32)pOp->p2 ){
    assert( pCur->iDb==pOp->p3 );      /* Guaranteed by the code generator */
    break;
  }
  /* If the cursor is not currently open or is open on a different
  ** index, then fall through into OP_OpenRead to force a reopen */
}
case OP_OpenRead:
case OP_OpenWrite: {
  int nField;
  KeyInfo *pKeyInfo;
  int p2;
  int iDb;
  int wrFlag;
................................................................................
  Btree *pX;
  VdbeCursor *pCur;
  Db *pDb;

  assert( (pOp->p5&(OPFLAG_P2ISREG|OPFLAG_BULKCSR))==pOp->p5 );
  assert( pOp->opcode==OP_OpenWrite || pOp->p5==0 );
  assert( p->bIsReader );
  assert( pOp->opcode==OP_OpenRead || pOp->opcode==OP_ReopenIdx
          || p->readOnly==0 );

  if( p->expired ){
    rc = SQLITE_ABORT;
    break;
  }

  nField = 0;
  pKeyInfo = 0;
  p2 = pOp->p2;
  iDb = pOp->p3;
  assert( iDb>=0 && iDb<db->nDb );
  assert( DbMaskTest(p->btreeMask, iDb) );
  pDb = &db->aDb[iDb];
  pX = pDb->pBt;
  assert( pX!=0 );
  if( pOp->opcode==OP_OpenWrite ){
    wrFlag = 1;
    assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, iDb, 0) );
    if( pDb->pSchema->file_format < p->minWriteFileFormat ){
................................................................................
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 );
  assert( nField>=0 );
  testcase( nField==0 );  /* Table with INTEGER PRIMARY KEY and nothing else */
  pCur = allocateCursor(p, pOp->p1, nField, iDb, 1);
  if( pCur==0 ) goto no_mem;
  pCur->nullRow = 1;
  pCur->isOrdered = 1;
  pCur->pgnoRoot = p2;
  rc = sqlite3BtreeCursor(pX, p2, wrFlag, pKeyInfo, pCur->pCursor);
  pCur->pKeyInfo = pKeyInfo;
  assert( OPFLAG_BULKCSR==BTREE_BULKLOAD );
  sqlite3BtreeCursorHints(pCur->pCursor, (pOp->p5 & OPFLAG_BULKCSR));

  /* Since it performs no memory allocation or IO, the only value that
  ** sqlite3BtreeCursor() may return is SQLITE_OK. */
................................................................................
case OP_Close: {
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  sqlite3VdbeFreeCursor(p, p->apCsr[pOp->p1]);
  p->apCsr[pOp->p1] = 0;
  break;
}

/* Opcode: SeekGE P1 P2 P3 P4 *
** Synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]
**
** If cursor P1 refers to an SQL table (B-Tree that uses integer keys), 
** use the value in register P3 as the key.  If cursor P1 refers 
** to an SQL index, then P3 is the first in an array of P4 registers 
** that are used as an unpacked index key. 
**
** Reposition cursor P1 so that  it points to the smallest entry that 
** is greater than or equal to the key value. If there are no records 
** greater than or equal to the key and P2 is not zero, then jump to P2.
**
** This opcode leaves the cursor configured to move in forward order,
** from the beginning toward the end.  In other words, the cursor is
** configured to use Next, not Prev.
**
** See also: Found, NotFound, SeekLt, SeekGt, SeekLe
*/
/* Opcode: SeekGT P1 P2 P3 P4 *
** Synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]
**
** If cursor P1 refers to an SQL table (B-Tree that uses integer keys), 
** use the value in register P3 as a key. If cursor P1 refers 
** to an SQL index, then P3 is the first in an array of P4 registers 
** that are used as an unpacked index key. 
**
** Reposition cursor P1 so that  it points to the smallest entry that 
** is greater than the key value. If there are no records greater than 
** the key and P2 is not zero, then jump to P2.
**
** This opcode leaves the cursor configured to move in forward order,
** from the beginning toward the end.  In other words, the cursor is
** configured to use Next, not Prev.
**
** See also: Found, NotFound, SeekLt, SeekGe, SeekLe
*/
/* Opcode: SeekLT P1 P2 P3 P4 * 
** Synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]
**
** If cursor P1 refers to an SQL table (B-Tree that uses integer keys), 
** use the value in register P3 as a key. If cursor P1 refers 
** to an SQL index, then P3 is the first in an array of P4 registers 
** that are used as an unpacked index key. 
**
** Reposition cursor P1 so that  it points to the largest entry that 
** is less than the key value. If there are no records less than 
** the key and P2 is not zero, then jump to P2.
**
** This opcode leaves the cursor configured to move in reverse order,
** from the end toward the beginning.  In other words, the cursor is
** configured to use Prev, not Next.
**
** See also: Found, NotFound, SeekGt, SeekGe, SeekLe
*/
/* Opcode: SeekLE P1 P2 P3 P4 *
** Synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]
**
** If cursor P1 refers to an SQL table (B-Tree that uses integer keys), 
** use the value in register P3 as a key. If cursor P1 refers 
** to an SQL index, then P3 is the first in an array of P4 registers 
** that are used as an unpacked index key. 
**
** Reposition cursor P1 so that it points to the largest entry that 
** is less than or equal to the key value. If there are no records 
** less than or equal to the key and P2 is not zero, then jump to P2.
**
** This opcode leaves the cursor configured to move in reverse order,
** from the end toward the beginning.  In other words, the cursor is
** configured to use Prev, not Next.
**
** See also: Found, NotFound, SeekGt, SeekGe, SeekLt
*/
case OP_SeekLT:         /* jump, in3 */
case OP_SeekLE:         /* jump, in3 */
case OP_SeekGE:         /* jump, in3 */
case OP_SeekGT: {       /* jump, in3 */
................................................................................
  assert( OP_SeekLE == OP_SeekLT+1 );
  assert( OP_SeekGE == OP_SeekLT+2 );
  assert( OP_SeekGT == OP_SeekLT+3 );
  assert( pC->isOrdered );
  assert( pC->pCursor!=0 );
  oc = pOp->opcode;
  pC->nullRow = 0;
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  pC->seekOp = pOp->opcode;
#endif
  if( pC->isTable ){
    /* The input value in P3 might be of any type: integer, real, string,
    ** blob, or NULL.  But it needs to be an integer before we can do
    ** the seek, so covert it. */
    pIn3 = &aMem[pOp->p3];
    ApplyNumericAffinity(pIn3);
    iKey = sqlite3VdbeIntValue(pIn3);
    pC->rowidIsValid = 0;

    /* If the P3 value could not be converted into an integer without
    ** loss of information, then special processing is required... */
    if( (pIn3->flags & MEM_Int)==0 ){
      if( (pIn3->flags & MEM_Real)==0 ){
................................................................................
** If P4==0 then register P3 holds a blob constructed by MakeRecord.  If
** P4>0 then register P3 is the first of P4 registers that form an unpacked
** record.
**
** Cursor P1 is on an index btree.  If the record identified by P3 and P4
** is a prefix of any entry in P1 then a jump is made to P2 and
** P1 is left pointing at the matching entry.
**
** This operation leaves the cursor in a state where it can be
** advanced in the forward direction.  The Next instruction will work,
** but not the Prev instruction.
**
** See also: NotFound, NoConflict, NotExists. SeekGe
*/
/* Opcode: NotFound P1 P2 P3 P4 *
** Synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]
**
** If P4==0 then register P3 holds a blob constructed by MakeRecord.  If
................................................................................
** record.
** 
** Cursor P1 is on an index btree.  If the record identified by P3 and P4
** is not the prefix of any entry in P1 then a jump is made to P2.  If P1 
** does contain an entry whose prefix matches the P3/P4 record then control
** falls through to the next instruction and P1 is left pointing at the
** matching entry.
**
** This operation leaves the cursor in a state where it cannot be
** advanced in either direction.  In other words, the Next and Prev
** opcodes do not work after this operation.
**
** See also: Found, NotExists, NoConflict
*/
/* Opcode: NoConflict P1 P2 P3 P4 *
** Synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]
**
** If P4==0 then register P3 holds a blob constructed by MakeRecord.  If
................................................................................
** record are not-NULL then a check is done to determine if any row in the
** P1 index btree has a matching key prefix.  If there are no matches, jump
** immediately to P2.  If there is a match, fall through and leave the P1
** cursor pointing to the matching row.
**
** This opcode is similar to OP_NotFound with the exceptions that the
** branch is always taken if any part of the search key input is NULL.
**
** This operation leaves the cursor in a state where it cannot be
** advanced in either direction.  In other words, the Next and Prev
** opcodes do not work after this operation.
**
** See also: NotFound, Found, NotExists
*/
case OP_NoConflict:     /* jump, in3 */
case OP_NotFound:       /* jump, in3 */
case OP_Found: {        /* jump, in3 */
  int alreadyExists;
................................................................................
  if( pOp->opcode!=OP_NoConflict ) sqlite3_found_count++;
#endif

  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_INT32 );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  pC->seekOp = pOp->opcode;
#endif
  pIn3 = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  assert( pC->pCursor!=0 );
  assert( pC->isTable==0 );
  pFree = 0;  /* Not needed.  Only used to suppress a compiler warning. */
  if( pOp->p4.i>0 ){
    r.pKeyInfo = pC->pKeyInfo;
    r.nField = (u16)pOp->p4.i;
................................................................................
** keys).  P3 is an integer rowid.  If P1 does not contain a record with
** rowid P3 then jump immediately to P2.  If P1 does contain a record
** with rowid P3 then leave the cursor pointing at that record and fall
** through to the next instruction.
**
** The OP_NotFound opcode performs the same operation on index btrees
** (with arbitrary multi-value keys).
**
** This opcode leaves the cursor in a state where it cannot be advanced
** in either direction.  In other words, the Next and Prev opcodes will
** not work following this opcode.
**
** See also: Found, NotFound, NoConflict
*/
case OP_NotExists: {        /* jump, in3 */
  VdbeCursor *pC;
  BtCursor *pCrsr;
  int res;
................................................................................
  u64 iKey;

  pIn3 = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  assert( pIn3->flags & MEM_Int );
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  pC->seekOp = 0;
#endif
  assert( pC->isTable );
  assert( pC->pseudoTableReg==0 );
  pCrsr = pC->pCursor;
  assert( pCrsr!=0 );
  res = 0;
  iKey = pIn3->u.i;
  rc = sqlite3BtreeMovetoUnpacked(pCrsr, 0, iKey, 0, &res);
................................................................................
/* Opcode: Delete P1 P2 * P4 *
**
** Delete the record at which the P1 cursor is currently pointing.
**
** The cursor will be left pointing at either the next or the previous
** record in the table. If it is left pointing at the next record, then
** the next Next instruction will be a no-op.  Hence it is OK to delete
** a record from within a Next loop.
**
** If the OPFLAG_NCHANGE flag of P2 is set, then the row change count is
** incremented (otherwise not).
**
** P1 must not be pseudo-table.  It has to be a real table with
** multiple rows.
**
................................................................................
case OP_ResetCount: {
  sqlite3VdbeSetChanges(db, p->nChange);
  p->nChange = 0;
  break;
}

/* Opcode: SorterCompare P1 P2 P3 P4
** Synopsis:  if key(P1)!=trim(r[P3],P4) goto P2
**
** P1 is a sorter cursor. This instruction compares a prefix of the
** record blob in register P3 against a prefix of the entry that 
** the sorter cursor currently points to.  Only the first P4 fields
** of r[P3] and the sorter record are compared.
**
** If either P3 or the sorter contains a NULL in one of their significant
** fields (not counting the P4 fields at the end which are ignored) then
** the comparison is assumed to be equal.
**
** Fall through to next instruction if the two records compare equal to
** each other.  Jump to P2 if they are different.
*/
case OP_SorterCompare: {
  VdbeCursor *pC;
  int res;
  int nKeyCol;

  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( isSorter(pC) );
  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_INT32 );
  pIn3 = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  nKeyCol = pOp->p4.i;
  rc = sqlite3VdbeSorterCompare(pC, pIn3, nKeyCol, &res);
  VdbeBranchTaken(res!=0,2);
  if( res ){
    pc = pOp->p2-1;
  }
  break;
};

................................................................................
    sqlite3BtreeClearCursor(pC->pCursor);
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Last P1 P2 * * *
**
** The next use of the Rowid or Column or Prev instruction for P1 
** will refer to the last entry in the database table or index.
** If the table or index is empty and P2>0, then jump immediately to P2.
** If P2 is 0 or if the table or index is not empty, fall through
** to the following instruction.
**
** This opcode leaves the cursor configured to move in reverse order,
** from the end toward the beginning.  In other words, the cursor is
** configured to use Prev, not Next.
*/
case OP_Last: {        /* jump */
  VdbeCursor *pC;
  BtCursor *pCrsr;
  int res;

  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
................................................................................
  res = 0;
  assert( pCrsr!=0 );
  rc = sqlite3BtreeLast(pCrsr, &res);
  pC->nullRow = (u8)res;
  pC->deferredMoveto = 0;
  pC->rowidIsValid = 0;
  pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  pC->seekOp = OP_Last;
#endif
  if( pOp->p2>0 ){
    VdbeBranchTaken(res!=0,2);
    if( res ) pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  }
  break;
}

................................................................................
/* Opcode: Rewind P1 P2 * * *
**
** The next use of the Rowid or Column or Next instruction for P1 
** will refer to the first entry in the database table or index.
** If the table or index is empty and P2>0, then jump immediately to P2.
** If P2 is 0 or if the table or index is not empty, fall through
** to the following instruction.
**
** This opcode leaves the cursor configured to move in forward order,
** from the beginning toward the end.  In other words, the cursor is
** configured to use Next, not Prev.
*/
case OP_Rewind: {        /* jump */
  VdbeCursor *pC;
  BtCursor *pCrsr;
  int res;

  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  assert( isSorter(pC)==(pOp->opcode==OP_SorterSort) );
  res = 1;
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  pC->seekOp = OP_Rewind;
#endif
  if( isSorter(pC) ){
    rc = sqlite3VdbeSorterRewind(db, pC, &res);
  }else{
    pCrsr = pC->pCursor;
    assert( pCrsr );
    rc = sqlite3BtreeFirst(pCrsr, &res);
    pC->deferredMoveto = 0;
................................................................................

/* Opcode: Next P1 P2 P3 P4 P5
**
** Advance cursor P1 so that it points to the next key/data pair in its
** table or index.  If there are no more key/value pairs then fall through
** to the following instruction.  But if the cursor advance was successful,
** jump immediately to P2.
**
** The Next opcode is only valid following an SeekGT, SeekGE, or
** OP_Rewind opcode used to position the cursor.  Next is not allowed
** to follow SeekLT, SeekLE, or OP_Last.
**
** The P1 cursor must be for a real table, not a pseudo-table.  P1 must have
** been opened prior to this opcode or the program will segfault.
**
** The P3 value is a hint to the btree implementation. If P3==1, that
** means P1 is an SQL index and that this instruction could have been
** omitted if that index had been unique.  P3 is usually 0.  P3 is
................................................................................
** If P5 is positive and the jump is taken, then event counter
** number P5-1 in the prepared statement is incremented.
**
** See also: Prev, NextIfOpen
*/
/* Opcode: NextIfOpen P1 P2 P3 P4 P5
**
** This opcode works just like Next except that if cursor P1 is not
** open it behaves a no-op.
*/
/* Opcode: Prev P1 P2 P3 P4 P5
**
** Back up cursor P1 so that it points to the previous key/data pair in its
** table or index.  If there is no previous key/value pairs then fall through
** to the following instruction.  But if the cursor backup was successful,
** jump immediately to P2.
**
**
** The Prev opcode is only valid following an SeekLT, SeekLE, or
** OP_Last opcode used to position the cursor.  Prev is not allowed
** to follow SeekGT, SeekGE, or OP_Rewind.
**
** The P1 cursor must be for a real table, not a pseudo-table.  If P1 is
** not open then the behavior is undefined.
**
** The P3 value is a hint to the btree implementation. If P3==1, that
** means P1 is an SQL index and that this instruction could have been
** omitted if that index had been unique.  P3 is usually 0.  P3 is
** always either 0 or 1.
................................................................................
** sqlite3BtreePrevious().
**
** If P5 is positive and the jump is taken, then event counter
** number P5-1 in the prepared statement is incremented.
*/
/* Opcode: PrevIfOpen P1 P2 P3 P4 P5
**
** This opcode works just like Prev except that if cursor P1 is not
** open it behaves a no-op.
*/
case OP_SorterNext: {  /* jump */
  VdbeCursor *pC;
  int res;

  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
................................................................................
  assert( pC->pCursor );
  assert( res==0 || (res==1 && pC->isTable==0) );
  testcase( res==1 );
  assert( pOp->opcode!=OP_Next || pOp->p4.xAdvance==sqlite3BtreeNext );
  assert( pOp->opcode!=OP_Prev || pOp->p4.xAdvance==sqlite3BtreePrevious );
  assert( pOp->opcode!=OP_NextIfOpen || pOp->p4.xAdvance==sqlite3BtreeNext );
  assert( pOp->opcode!=OP_PrevIfOpen || pOp->p4.xAdvance==sqlite3BtreePrevious);

  /* The Next opcode is only used after SeekGT, SeekGE, and Rewind.
  ** The Prev opcode is only used after SeekLT, SeekLE, and Last. */
  assert( pOp->opcode!=OP_Next || pOp->opcode!=OP_NextIfOpen
       || pC->seekOp==OP_SeekGT || pC->seekOp==OP_SeekGE
       || pC->seekOp==OP_Rewind || pC->seekOp==OP_Found);
  assert( pOp->opcode!=OP_Prev || pOp->opcode!=OP_PrevIfOpen
       || pC->seekOp==OP_SeekLT || pC->seekOp==OP_SeekLE
       || pC->seekOp==OP_Last );

  rc = pOp->p4.xAdvance(pC->pCursor, &res);
next_tail:
  pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
  VdbeBranchTaken(res==0,2);
  if( res==0 ){
    pC->nullRow = 0;
    pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
................................................................................
  pOut->flags = MEM_Null;
  if( iCnt>1 ){
    rc = SQLITE_LOCKED;
    p->errorAction = OE_Abort;
  }else{
    iDb = pOp->p3;
    assert( iCnt==1 );
    assert( DbMaskTest(p->btreeMask, iDb) );
    iMoved = 0;  /* Not needed.  Only to silence a warning. */
    rc = sqlite3BtreeDropTable(db->aDb[iDb].pBt, pOp->p1, &iMoved);
    pOut->flags = MEM_Int;
    pOut->u.i = iMoved;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && iMoved!=0 ){
      sqlite3RootPageMoved(db, iDb, iMoved, pOp->p1);
................................................................................
** See also: Destroy
*/
case OP_Clear: {
  int nChange;
 
  nChange = 0;
  assert( p->readOnly==0 );
  assert( DbMaskTest(p->btreeMask, pOp->p2) );
  rc = sqlite3BtreeClearTable(
      db->aDb[pOp->p2].pBt, pOp->p1, (pOp->p3 ? &nChange : 0)
  );
  if( pOp->p3 ){
    p->nChange += nChange;
    if( pOp->p3>0 ){
      assert( memIsValid(&aMem[pOp->p3]) );
................................................................................
case OP_CreateTable: {          /* out2-prerelease */
  int pgno;
  int flags;
  Db *pDb;

  pgno = 0;
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<db->nDb );
  assert( DbMaskTest(p->btreeMask, pOp->p1) );
  assert( p->readOnly==0 );
  pDb = &db->aDb[pOp->p1];
  assert( pDb->pBt!=0 );
  if( pOp->opcode==OP_CreateTable ){
    /* flags = BTREE_INTKEY; */
    flags = BTREE_INTKEY;
  }else{
................................................................................
}
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_ANALYZE) */

/* Opcode: DropTable P1 * * P4 *
**
** Remove the internal (in-memory) data structures that describe
** the table named P4 in database P1.  This is called after a table
** is dropped from disk (using the Destroy opcode) in order to keep 
** the internal representation of the
** schema consistent with what is on disk.
*/
case OP_DropTable: {
  sqlite3UnlinkAndDeleteTable(db, pOp->p1, pOp->p4.z);
  break;
}

/* Opcode: DropIndex P1 * * P4 *
**
** Remove the internal (in-memory) data structures that describe
** the index named P4 in database P1.  This is called after an index
** is dropped from disk (using the Destroy opcode)
** in order to keep the internal representation of the
** schema consistent with what is on disk.
*/
case OP_DropIndex: {
  sqlite3UnlinkAndDeleteIndex(db, pOp->p1, pOp->p4.z);
  break;
}

/* Opcode: DropTrigger P1 * * P4 *
**
** Remove the internal (in-memory) data structures that describe
** the trigger named P4 in database P1.  This is called after a trigger
** is dropped from disk (using the Destroy opcode) in order to keep 
** the internal representation of the
** schema consistent with what is on disk.
*/
case OP_DropTrigger: {
  sqlite3UnlinkAndDeleteTrigger(db, pOp->p1, pOp->p4.z);
  break;
}

................................................................................
  assert( (pnErr->flags & (MEM_Str|MEM_Blob))==0 );
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  for(j=0; j<nRoot; j++){
    aRoot[j] = (int)sqlite3VdbeIntValue(&pIn1[j]);
  }
  aRoot[j] = 0;
  assert( pOp->p5<db->nDb );
  assert( DbMaskTest(p->btreeMask, pOp->p5) );
  z = sqlite3BtreeIntegrityCheck(db->aDb[pOp->p5].pBt, aRoot, nRoot,
                                 (int)pnErr->u.i, &nErr);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, aRoot);
  pnErr->u.i -= nErr;
  sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull(pIn1);
  if( nErr==0 ){
    assert( z==0 );
................................................................................
  VdbeBranchTaken( pIn1->u.i>0, 2);
  if( pIn1->u.i>0 ){
     pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: IfNeg P1 P2 P3 * *
** Synopsis: r[P1]+=P3, if r[P1]<0 goto P2
**
** Register P1 must contain an integer.  Add literal P3 to the value in
** register P1 then if the value of register P1 is less than zero, jump to P2. 



*/
case OP_IfNeg: {        /* jump, in1 */
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  assert( pIn1->flags&MEM_Int );
  pIn1->u.i += pOp->p3;
  VdbeBranchTaken(pIn1->u.i<0, 2);
  if( pIn1->u.i<0 ){
     pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: IfZero P1 P2 P3 * *
** Synopsis: r[P1]+=P3, if r[P1]==0 goto P2
**
** The register P1 must contain an integer.  Add literal P3 to the
** value in register P1.  If the result is exactly 0, jump to P2. 



*/
case OP_IfZero: {        /* jump, in1 */
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  assert( pIn1->flags&MEM_Int );
  pIn1->u.i += pOp->p3;
  VdbeBranchTaken(pIn1->u.i==0, 2);
  if( pIn1->u.i==0 ){
................................................................................
** the P1 database. If the vacuum has finished, jump to instruction
** P2. Otherwise, fall through to the next instruction.
*/
case OP_IncrVacuum: {        /* jump */
  Btree *pBt;

  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<db->nDb );
  assert( DbMaskTest(p->btreeMask, pOp->p1) );
  assert( p->readOnly==0 );
  pBt = db->aDb[pOp->p1].pBt;
  rc = sqlite3BtreeIncrVacuum(pBt);
  VdbeBranchTaken(rc==SQLITE_DONE,2);
  if( rc==SQLITE_DONE ){
    pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
................................................................................
  }
  break;
}
#endif

/* Opcode: Expire P1 * * * *
**
** Cause precompiled statements to expire.  When an expired statement
** is executed using sqlite3_step() it will either automatically
** reprepare itself (if it was originally created using sqlite3_prepare_v2())
** or it will fail with SQLITE_SCHEMA.
** 
** If P1 is 0, then all SQL statements become expired. If P1 is non-zero,
** then only the currently executing statement is expired.
*/
case OP_Expire: {
  if( !pOp->p1 ){
    sqlite3ExpirePreparedStatements(db);
  }else{
    p->expired = 1;
  }
................................................................................
** used to generate an error message if the lock cannot be obtained.
*/
case OP_TableLock: {
  u8 isWriteLock = (u8)pOp->p3;
  if( isWriteLock || 0==(db->flags&SQLITE_ReadUncommitted) ){
    int p1 = pOp->p1; 
    assert( p1>=0 && p1<db->nDb );
    assert( DbMaskTest(p->btreeMask, p1) );
    assert( isWriteLock==0 || isWriteLock==1 );
    rc = sqlite3BtreeLockTable(db->aDb[p1].pBt, pOp->p2, isWriteLock);
    if( (rc&0xFF)==SQLITE_LOCKED ){
      const char *z = pOp->p4.z;
      sqlite3SetString(&p->zErrMsg, db, "database table is locked: %s", z);
    }
  }
................................................................................
    sqlite3DbFree(db, z);
  }
#ifdef SQLITE_USE_FCNTL_TRACE
  zTrace = (pOp->p4.z ? pOp->p4.z : p->zSql);
  if( zTrace ){
    int i;
    for(i=0; i<db->nDb; i++){
      if( DbMaskTest(p->btreeMask, i)==0 ) continue;
      sqlite3_file_control(db, db->aDb[i].zName, SQLITE_FCNTL_TRACE, zTrace);
    }
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_USE_FCNTL_TRACE */
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  if( (db->flags & SQLITE_SqlTrace)!=0
   && (zTrace = (pOp->p4.z ? pOp->p4.z : p->zSql))!=0
................................................................................
** be less than key2. Even if key2 also contains NULL values.
**
** If pKey2 is passed a NULL pointer, then it is assumed that the pCsr->aSpace
** has been allocated and contains an unpacked record that is used as key2.
*/
static void vdbeSorterCompare(
  const VdbeCursor *pCsr,         /* Cursor object (for pKeyInfo) */
  int nKeyCol,                    /* Num of columns. 0 means "all" */
  const void *pKey1, int nKey1,   /* Left side of comparison */
  const void *pKey2, int nKey2,   /* Right side of comparison */
  int *pRes                       /* OUT: Result of comparison */
){
  KeyInfo *pKeyInfo = pCsr->pKeyInfo;
  VdbeSorter *pSorter = pCsr->pSorter;
  UnpackedRecord *r2 = pSorter->pUnpacked;
  int i;

  if( pKey2 ){
    sqlite3VdbeRecordUnpack(pKeyInfo, nKey2, pKey2, r2);
  }

  if( nKeyCol ){

    r2->nField = nKeyCol;
    for(i=0; i<nKeyCol; i++){
      if( r2->aMem[i].flags & MEM_Null ){
        *pRes = -1;
        return;
      }
    }
    assert( r2->default_rc==0 );
  }
................................................................................
** Otherwise, set *pRes to a negative, zero or positive value if the
** key in pVal is smaller than, equal to or larger than the current sorter
** key.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeSorterCompare(
  const VdbeCursor *pCsr,         /* Sorter cursor */
  Mem *pVal,                      /* Value to compare to current sorter key */
  int nKeyCol,                    /* Only compare this many fields */
  int *pRes                       /* OUT: Result of comparison */
){
  VdbeSorter *pSorter = pCsr->pSorter;
  void *pKey; int nKey;           /* Sorter key to compare pVal with */

  pKey = vdbeSorterRowkey(pSorter, &nKey);
  vdbeSorterCompare(pCsr, nKeyCol, pVal->z, pVal->n, pKey, nKey, pRes);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/************** End of vdbesort.c ********************************************/
/************** Begin file journal.c *****************************************/
/*
** 2007 August 22
................................................................................
            if( iCol==pTab->iPKey ){
              iCol = -1;
            }
            break;
          }
        }
        if( iCol>=pTab->nCol && sqlite3IsRowid(zCol) && HasRowid(pTab) ){
          /* IMP: R-51414-32910 */
          /* IMP: R-44911-55124 */
          iCol = -1;
        }
        if( iCol<pTab->nCol ){
          cnt++;
          if( iCol<0 ){
            pExpr->affinity = SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER;
................................................................................
                                      "constant between 0.0 and 1.0");
              pNC->nErr++;
            }
          }else{
            /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-61304-29449 The unlikely(X) function is equivalent to
            ** likelihood(X, 0.0625).
            ** EVIDENCE-OF: R-01283-11636 The unlikely(X) function is short-hand for
            ** likelihood(X,0.0625).
            ** EVIDENCE-OF: R-36850-34127 The likely(X) function is short-hand for
            ** likelihood(X,0.9375).
            ** EVIDENCE-OF: R-53436-40973 The likely(X) function is equivalent to
            ** likelihood(X,0.9375). */
            /* TUNING: unlikely() probability is 0.0625.  likely() is 0.9375 */
            pExpr->iTable = pDef->zName[0]=='u' ? 62 : 938;
          }             
        }
      }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
      if( pDef ){
        auth = sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_FUNCTION, 0, pDef->zName, 0);
        if( auth!=SQLITE_OK ){
................................................................................
** SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a;
** SELECT a AS b FROM t1 WHERE b;
** SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE (select a from t1);
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE char sqlite3ExprAffinity(Expr *pExpr){
  int op;
  pExpr = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pExpr);
  if( pExpr->flags & EP_Generic ) return 0;
  op = pExpr->op;
  if( op==TK_SELECT ){
    assert( pExpr->flags&EP_xIsSelect );
    return sqlite3ExprAffinity(pExpr->x.pSelect->pEList->a[0].pExpr);
  }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CAST
  if( op==TK_CAST ){
................................................................................
  if( op==TK_REGISTER ) op = p->op2;
  switch( op ){
    case TK_INTEGER:
    case TK_STRING:
    case TK_FLOAT:
    case TK_BLOB:
      return 0;
    case TK_COLUMN:
      assert( p->pTab!=0 );
      return p->iColumn>=0 && p->pTab->aCol[p->iColumn].notNull==0;
    default:
      return 1;
  }
}

/*
** Return TRUE if the given expression is a constant which would be
................................................................................
** address of the new instruction.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3CodeOnce(Parse *pParse){
  Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);      /* Virtual machine being coded */
  return sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Once, pParse->nOnce++);
}

/*
** Generate code that checks the left-most column of index table iCur to see if
** it contains any NULL entries.  Cause the register at regHasNull to be set
** to a non-NULL value if iCur contains no NULLs.  Cause register regHasNull
** to be set to NULL if iCur contains one or more NULL values.
*/
static void sqlite3SetHasNullFlag(Vdbe *v, int iCur, int regHasNull){
  int j1;
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, regHasNull);
  j1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Rewind, iCur); VdbeCoverage(v);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iCur, 0, regHasNull);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_TYPEOFARG);
  VdbeComment((v, "first_entry_in(%d)", iCur));
  sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, j1);
}


#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
/*
** The argument is an IN operator with a list (not a subquery) on the 
** right-hand side.  Return TRUE if that list is constant.
*/
static int sqlite3InRhsIsConstant(Expr *pIn){
  Expr *pLHS;
  int res;
  assert( !ExprHasProperty(pIn, EP_xIsSelect) );
  pLHS = pIn->pLeft;
  pIn->pLeft = 0;
  res = sqlite3ExprIsConstant(pIn);
  pIn->pLeft = pLHS;
  return res;
}
#endif

/*
** This function is used by the implementation of the IN (...) operator.
** The pX parameter is the expression on the RHS of the IN operator, which
** might be either a list of expressions or a subquery.
**
** The job of this routine is to find or create a b-tree object that can
** be used either to test for membership in the RHS set or to iterate through
** all members of the RHS set, skipping duplicates.
**
** A cursor is opened on the b-tree object that is the RHS of the IN operator
** and pX->iTable is set to the index of that cursor.
**
** The returned value of this function indicates the b-tree type, as follows:
**
**   IN_INDEX_ROWID      - The cursor was opened on a database table.
**   IN_INDEX_INDEX_ASC  - The cursor was opened on an ascending index.
**   IN_INDEX_INDEX_DESC - The cursor was opened on a descending index.
**   IN_INDEX_EPH        - The cursor was opened on a specially created and
**                         populated epheremal table.
**   IN_INDEX_NOOP       - No cursor was allocated.  The IN operator must be
**                         implemented as a sequence of comparisons.
**
** An existing b-tree might be used if the RHS expression pX is a simple
** subquery such as:
**
**     SELECT <column> FROM <table>
**
** If the RHS of the IN operator is a list or a more complex subquery, then
** an ephemeral table might need to be generated from the RHS and then
** pX->iTable made to point to the ephermeral table instead of an
** existing table.
**
** The inFlags parameter must contain exactly one of the bits
** IN_INDEX_MEMBERSHIP or IN_INDEX_LOOP.  If inFlags contains
** IN_INDEX_MEMBERSHIP, then the generated table will be used for a
** fast membership test.  When the IN_INDEX_LOOP bit is set, the
** IN index will be used to loop over all values of the RHS of the
** IN operator.
**
** When IN_INDEX_LOOP is used (and the b-tree will be used to iterate
** through the set members) then the b-tree must not contain duplicates.
** An epheremal table must be used unless the selected <column> is guaranteed
** to be unique - either because it is an INTEGER PRIMARY KEY or it
** has a UNIQUE constraint or UNIQUE index.
**
** When IN_INDEX_MEMBERSHIP is used (and the b-tree will be used 
** for fast set membership tests) then an epheremal table must 
** be used unless <column> is an INTEGER PRIMARY KEY or an index can 
** be found with <column> as its left-most column.
**
** If the IN_INDEX_NOOP_OK and IN_INDEX_MEMBERSHIP are both set and
** if the RHS of the IN operator is a list (not a subquery) then this
** routine might decide that creating an ephemeral b-tree for membership
** testing is too expensive and return IN_INDEX_NOOP.  In that case, the
** calling routine should implement the IN operator using a sequence
** of Eq or Ne comparison operations.
**
** When the b-tree is being used for membership tests, the calling function
** might need to know whether or not the RHS side of the IN operator

** contains a NULL.  If prRhsHasNull is not a NULL pointer and 
** if there is any chance that the (...) might contain a NULL value at
** runtime, then a register is allocated and the register number written
** to *prRhsHasNull. If there is no chance that the (...) contains a
** NULL value, then *prRhsHasNull is left unchanged.
**
** If a register is allocated and its location stored in *prRhsHasNull, then







** the value in that register will be NULL if the b-tree contains one or more
** NULL values, and it will be some non-NULL value if the b-tree contains no
** NULL values.



*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3FindInIndex(Parse *pParse, Expr *pX, u32 inFlags, int *prRhsHasNull){
  Select *p;                            /* SELECT to the right of IN operator */
  int eType = 0;                        /* Type of RHS table. IN_INDEX_* */
  int iTab = pParse->nTab++;            /* Cursor of the RHS table */
  int mustBeUnique;                     /* True if RHS must be unique */
  Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);     /* Virtual machine being coded */

  assert( pX->op==TK_IN );
  mustBeUnique = (inFlags & IN_INDEX_LOOP)!=0;

  /* Check to see if an existing table or index can be used to
  ** satisfy the query.  This is preferable to generating a new 
  ** ephemeral table.
  */
  p = (ExprHasProperty(pX, EP_xIsSelect) ? pX->x.pSelect : 0);
  if( ALWAYS(pParse->nErr==0) && isCandidateForInOpt(p) ){
................................................................................
      ** it is not, it is not possible to use any index.
      */
      int affinity_ok = sqlite3IndexAffinityOk(pX, pTab->aCol[iCol].affinity);

      for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx && eType==0 && affinity_ok; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
        if( (pIdx->aiColumn[0]==iCol)
         && sqlite3FindCollSeq(db, ENC(db), pIdx->azColl[0], 0)==pReq
         && (!mustBeUnique || (pIdx->nKeyCol==1 && IsUniqueIndex(pIdx)))
        ){
          int iAddr = sqlite3CodeOnce(pParse); VdbeCoverage(v);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenRead, iTab, pIdx->tnum, iDb);
          sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(pParse, pIdx);
          VdbeComment((v, "%s", pIdx->zName));
          assert( IN_INDEX_INDEX_DESC == IN_INDEX_INDEX_ASC+1 );
          eType = IN_INDEX_INDEX_ASC + pIdx->aSortOrder[0];

          if( prRhsHasNull && !pTab->aCol[iCol].notNull ){
            *prRhsHasNull = ++pParse->nMem;
            sqlite3SetHasNullFlag(v, iTab, *prRhsHasNull);
          }
          sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, iAddr);
        }
      }
    }
  }

  /* If no preexisting index is available for the IN clause
  ** and IN_INDEX_NOOP is an allowed reply
  ** and the RHS of the IN operator is a list, not a subquery
  ** and the RHS is not contant or has two or fewer terms,
  ** then it is not worth creating an ephermeral table to evaluate
  ** the IN operator so return IN_INDEX_NOOP.
  */
  if( eType==0
   && (inFlags & IN_INDEX_NOOP_OK)
   && !ExprHasProperty(pX, EP_xIsSelect)
   && (!sqlite3InRhsIsConstant(pX) || pX->x.pList->nExpr<=2)
  ){
    eType = IN_INDEX_NOOP;
  }
     

  if( eType==0 ){
    /* Could not find an existing table or index to use as the RHS b-tree.
    ** We will have to generate an ephemeral table to do the job.
    */
    u32 savedNQueryLoop = pParse->nQueryLoop;
    int rMayHaveNull = 0;
    eType = IN_INDEX_EPH;
    if( inFlags & IN_INDEX_LOOP ){



      pParse->nQueryLoop = 0;
      if( pX->pLeft->iColumn<0 && !ExprHasProperty(pX, EP_xIsSelect) ){
        eType = IN_INDEX_ROWID;
      }
    }else if( prRhsHasNull ){
      *prRhsHasNull = rMayHaveNull = ++pParse->nMem;
    }
    sqlite3CodeSubselect(pParse, pX, rMayHaveNull, eType==IN_INDEX_ROWID);
    pParse->nQueryLoop = savedNQueryLoop;
  }else{
    pX->iTable = iTab;
  }
  return eType;
................................................................................
** to be of the form "<rowid> IN (?, ?, ?)", where <rowid> is a reference
** to some integer key column of a table B-Tree. In this case, use an
** intkey B-Tree to store the set of IN(...) values instead of the usual
** (slower) variable length keys B-Tree.
**
** If rMayHaveNull is non-zero, that means that the operation is an IN
** (not a SELECT or EXISTS) and that the RHS might contains NULLs.


** All this routine does is initialize the register given by rMayHaveNull
** to NULL.  Calling routines will take care of changing this register
** value to non-NULL if the RHS is NULL-free.




**
** For a SELECT or EXISTS operator, return the register that holds the
** result.  For IN operators or if an error occurs, the return value is 0.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3CodeSubselect(
  Parse *pParse,          /* Parsing context */
  Expr *pExpr,            /* The IN, SELECT, or EXISTS operator */
  int rHasNullFlag,       /* Register that records whether NULLs exist in RHS */
  int isRowid             /* If true, LHS of IN operator is a rowid */
){
  int jmpIfDynamic = -1;                      /* One-time test address */
  int rReg = 0;                           /* Register storing resulting */
  Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( NEVER(v==0) ) return 0;
  sqlite3ExprCachePush(pParse);

  /* This code must be run in its entirety every time it is encountered
  ** if any of the following is true:
................................................................................
  **    *  The right-hand side is an expression list containing variables
  **    *  We are inside a trigger
  **
  ** If all of the above are false, then we can run this code just once
  ** save the results, and reuse the same result on subsequent invocations.
  */
  if( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_VarSelect) ){
    jmpIfDynamic = sqlite3CodeOnce(pParse); VdbeCoverage(v);
  }

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
  if( pParse->explain==2 ){
    char *zMsg = sqlite3MPrintf(
        pParse->db, "EXECUTE %s%s SUBQUERY %d", jmpIfDynamic>=0?"":"CORRELATED ",
        pExpr->op==TK_IN?"LIST":"SCALAR", pParse->iNextSelectId
    );
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Explain, pParse->iSelectId, 0, 0, zMsg, P4_DYNAMIC);
  }
#endif

  switch( pExpr->op ){
    case TK_IN: {
      char affinity;              /* Affinity of the LHS of the IN */
      int addr;                   /* Address of OP_OpenEphemeral instruction */
      Expr *pLeft = pExpr->pLeft; /* the LHS of the IN operator */
      KeyInfo *pKeyInfo = 0;      /* Key information */





      affinity = sqlite3ExprAffinity(pLeft);

      /* Whether this is an 'x IN(SELECT...)' or an 'x IN(<exprlist>)'
      ** expression it is handled the same way.  An ephemeral table is 
      ** filled with single-field index keys representing the results
      ** from the SELECT or the <exprlist>.
      **
................................................................................

      if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
        /* Case 1:     expr IN (SELECT ...)
        **
        ** Generate code to write the results of the select into the temporary
        ** table allocated and opened above.
        */
        Select *pSelect = pExpr->x.pSelect;
        SelectDest dest;
        ExprList *pEList;

        assert( !isRowid );
        sqlite3SelectDestInit(&dest, SRT_Set, pExpr->iTable);
        dest.affSdst = (u8)affinity;
        assert( (pExpr->iTable&0x0000FFFF)==pExpr->iTable );
        pSelect->iLimit = 0;
        testcase( pSelect->selFlags & SF_Distinct );
        pSelect->selFlags &= ~SF_Distinct;
        testcase( pKeyInfo==0 ); /* Caused by OOM in sqlite3KeyInfoAlloc() */
        if( sqlite3Select(pParse, pSelect, &dest) ){
          sqlite3KeyInfoUnref(pKeyInfo);
          return 0;
        }
        pEList = pSelect->pEList;
        assert( pKeyInfo!=0 ); /* OOM will cause exit after sqlite3Select() */
        assert( pEList!=0 );
        assert( pEList->nExpr>0 );
        assert( sqlite3KeyInfoIsWriteable(pKeyInfo) );
        pKeyInfo->aColl[0] = sqlite3BinaryCompareCollSeq(pParse, pExpr->pLeft,
                                                         pEList->a[0].pExpr);
      }else if( ALWAYS(pExpr->x.pList!=0) ){
................................................................................
          assert( sqlite3KeyInfoIsWriteable(pKeyInfo) );
          pKeyInfo->aColl[0] = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pParse, pExpr->pLeft);
        }

        /* Loop through each expression in <exprlist>. */
        r1 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
        r2 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
        if( isRowid ) sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, r2);
        for(i=pList->nExpr, pItem=pList->a; i>0; i--, pItem++){
          Expr *pE2 = pItem->pExpr;
          int iValToIns;

          /* If the expression is not constant then we will need to
          ** disable the test that was generated above that makes sure
          ** this code only executes once.  Because for a non-constant
          ** expression we need to rerun this code each time.
          */
          if( jmpIfDynamic>=0 && !sqlite3ExprIsConstant(pE2) ){
            sqlite3VdbeChangeToNoop(v, jmpIfDynamic);
            jmpIfDynamic = -1;
          }

          /* Evaluate the expression and insert it into the temp table */
          if( isRowid && sqlite3ExprIsInteger(pE2, &iValToIns) ){
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_InsertInt, pExpr->iTable, r2, iValToIns);
          }else{
            r3 = sqlite3ExprCodeTarget(pParse, pE2, r1);
................................................................................
      }
      rReg = dest.iSDParm;
      ExprSetVVAProperty(pExpr, EP_NoReduce);
      break;
    }
  }

  if( rHasNullFlag ){
    sqlite3SetHasNullFlag(v, pExpr->iTable, rHasNullFlag);
  }

  if( jmpIfDynamic>=0 ){
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, jmpIfDynamic);
  }
  sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse);

  return rReg;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY */

................................................................................
**
** The left-hand side (LHS) is a scalar expression.  The right-hand side (RHS)
** is an array of zero or more values.  The expression is true if the LHS is
** contained within the RHS.  The value of the expression is unknown (NULL)
** if the LHS is NULL or if the LHS is not contained within the RHS and the
** RHS contains one or more NULL values.
**
** This routine generates code that jumps to destIfFalse if the LHS is not 
** contained within the RHS.  If due to NULLs we cannot determine if the LHS
** is contained in the RHS then jump to destIfNull.  If the LHS is contained
** within the RHS then fall through.
*/
static void sqlite3ExprCodeIN(
  Parse *pParse,        /* Parsing and code generating context */
  Expr *pExpr,          /* The IN expression */
................................................................................

  /* Compute the RHS.   After this step, the table with cursor
  ** pExpr->iTable will contains the values that make up the RHS.
  */
  v = pParse->pVdbe;
  assert( v!=0 );       /* OOM detected prior to this routine */
  VdbeNoopComment((v, "begin IN expr"));
  eType = sqlite3FindInIndex(pParse, pExpr,
                             IN_INDEX_MEMBERSHIP | IN_INDEX_NOOP_OK,
                             destIfFalse==destIfNull ? 0 : &rRhsHasNull);

  /* Figure out the affinity to use to create a key from the results
  ** of the expression. affinityStr stores a static string suitable for
  ** P4 of OP_MakeRecord.
  */
  affinity = comparisonAffinity(pExpr);

  /* Code the LHS, the <expr> from "<expr> IN (...)".
  */
  sqlite3ExprCachePush(pParse);
  r1 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
  sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, r1);

  /* If sqlite3FindInIndex() did not find or create an index that is
  ** suitable for evaluating the IN operator, then evaluate using a
  ** sequence of comparisons.
  */
  if( eType==IN_INDEX_NOOP ){
    ExprList *pList = pExpr->x.pList;
    CollSeq *pColl = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pParse, pExpr->pLeft);
    int labelOk = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
    int r2, regToFree;
    int regCkNull = 0;
    int ii;
    assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) );
    if( destIfNull!=destIfFalse ){
      regCkNull = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_BitAnd, r1, r1, regCkNull);
    }
    for(ii=0; ii<pList->nExpr; ii++){
      r2 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pList->a[ii].pExpr, &regToFree);
      if( regCkNull && sqlite3ExprCanBeNull(pList->a[ii].pExpr) ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_BitAnd, regCkNull, r2, regCkNull);
      }
      if( ii<pList->nExpr-1 || destIfNull!=destIfFalse ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Eq, r1, labelOk, r2,
                          (void*)pColl, P4_COLLSEQ);
        VdbeCoverageIf(v, ii<pList->nExpr-1);
        VdbeCoverageIf(v, ii==pList->nExpr-1);
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, affinity);
      }else{
        assert( destIfNull==destIfFalse );
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Ne, r1, destIfFalse, r2,
                          (void*)pColl, P4_COLLSEQ); VdbeCoverage(v);
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, affinity | SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
      }
      sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regToFree);
    }
    if( regCkNull ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, regCkNull, destIfNull); VdbeCoverage(v);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, destIfFalse);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, labelOk);
    sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regCkNull);
  }else{
  
    /* If the LHS is NULL, then the result is either false or NULL depending
    ** on whether the RHS is empty or not, respectively.
    */
    if( sqlite3ExprCanBeNull(pExpr->pLeft) ){
      if( destIfNull==destIfFalse ){
        /* Shortcut for the common case where the false and NULL outcomes are
        ** the same. */
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, r1, destIfNull); VdbeCoverage(v);
      }else{
        int addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_NotNull, r1); VdbeCoverage(v);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, pExpr->iTable, destIfFalse);
        VdbeCoverage(v);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, destIfNull);
        sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr1);
      }
    }
  
    if( eType==IN_INDEX_ROWID ){
      /* In this case, the RHS is the ROWID of table b-tree
      */
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_MustBeInt, r1, destIfFalse); VdbeCoverage(v);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, pExpr->iTable, destIfFalse, r1);
      VdbeCoverage(v);
    }else{
      /* In this case, the RHS is an index b-tree.
      */
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Affinity, r1, 1, 0, &affinity, 1);
  
      /* If the set membership test fails, then the result of the 
      ** "x IN (...)" expression must be either 0 or NULL. If the set
      ** contains no NULL values, then the result is 0. If the set 
      ** contains one or more NULL values, then the result of the
      ** expression is also NULL.
      */
      assert( destIfFalse!=destIfNull || rRhsHasNull==0 );
      if( rRhsHasNull==0 ){
        /* This branch runs if it is known at compile time that the RHS
        ** cannot contain NULL values. This happens as the result
        ** of a "NOT NULL" constraint in the database schema.
        **
        ** Also run this branch if NULL is equivalent to FALSE
        ** for this particular IN operator.
        */
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_NotFound, pExpr->iTable, destIfFalse, r1, 1);
        VdbeCoverage(v);
      }else{
        /* In this branch, the RHS of the IN might contain a NULL and
        ** the presence of a NULL on the RHS makes a difference in the
        ** outcome.
        */
        int j1;
  
        /* First check to see if the LHS is contained in the RHS.  If so,
        ** then the answer is TRUE the presence of NULLs in the RHS does

        ** not matter.  If the LHS is not contained in the RHS, then the
        ** answer is NULL if the RHS contains NULLs and the answer is
        ** FALSE if the RHS is NULL-free.
        */
        j1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_Found, pExpr->iTable, 0, r1, 1);
        VdbeCoverage(v);







        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, rRhsHasNull, destIfNull);


        VdbeCoverage(v);

        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, destIfFalse);
        sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, j1);


      }




    }
  }
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r1);
  sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse);
  VdbeComment((v, "end IN expr"));
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY */
................................................................................
    if( negFlag ) i = -i;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, i, iMem);
  }else{
    int c;
    i64 value;
    const char *z = pExpr->u.zToken;
    assert( z!=0 );
    c = sqlite3DecOrHexToI64(z, &value);
    if( c==0 || (c==2 && negFlag) ){
      char *zV;
      if( negFlag ){ value = c==2 ? SMALLEST_INT64 : -value; }
      zV = dup8bytes(v, (char*)&value);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Int64, 0, iMem, 0, zV, P4_INT64);
    }else{
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "oversized integer: %s%s", negFlag ? "-" : "", z);
#else
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_HEX_INTEGER
      if( sqlite3_strnicmp(z,"0x",2)==0 ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "hex literal too big: %s", z);
      }else
#endif
      {
        codeReal(v, z, negFlag, iMem);
      }
#endif
    }
  }
}

/*
** Clear a cache entry.
................................................................................
      assert( TK_NOTNULL==OP_NotNull ); testcase( op==TK_NOTNULL );
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 1, target);
      r1 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, &regFree1);
      testcase( regFree1==0 );
      addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, op, r1);
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==TK_ISNULL);
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==TK_NOTNULL);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, target);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);
      break;
    }
    case TK_AGG_FUNCTION: {
      AggInfo *pInfo = pExpr->pAggInfo;
      if( pInfo==0 ){
        assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) );
................................................................................
        pFarg = pExpr->x.pList;
      }
      nFarg = pFarg ? pFarg->nExpr : 0;
      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) );
      zId = pExpr->u.zToken;
      nId = sqlite3Strlen30(zId);
      pDef = sqlite3FindFunction(db, zId, nId, nFarg, enc, 0);
      if( pDef==0 || pDef->xFunc==0 ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "unknown function: %.*s()", nId, zId);
        break;
      }

      /* Attempt a direct implementation of the built-in COALESCE() and
      ** IFNULL() functions.  This avoids unnecessary evalation of
      ** arguments past the first non-NULL argument.
................................................................................
  }

  /* Open the sqlite_stat[134] tables for writing. */
  for(i=0; aTable[i].zCols; i++){
    assert( i<ArraySize(aTable) );
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_OpenWrite, iStatCur+i, aRoot[i], iDb, 3);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, aCreateTbl[i]);
    VdbeComment((v, aTable[i].zName));
  }
}

/*
** Recommended number of samples for sqlite_stat4
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_STAT4_SAMPLES
................................................................................
  int iCol;                       /* If !isPSample, the reason for inclusion */
  u32 iHash;                      /* Tiebreaker hash */
#endif
};                                                    
struct Stat4Accum {
  tRowcnt nRow;             /* Number of rows in the entire table */
  tRowcnt nPSample;         /* How often to do a periodic sample */
  int nCol;                 /* Number of columns in index + pk/rowid */
  int nKeyCol;              /* Number of index columns w/o the pk/rowid */
  int mxSample;             /* Maximum number of samples to accumulate */
  Stat4Sample current;      /* Current row as a Stat4Sample */
  u32 iPrn;                 /* Pseudo-random number used for sampling */
  Stat4Sample *aBest;       /* Array of nCol best samples */
  int iMin;                 /* Index in a[] of entry with minimum score */
  int nSample;              /* Current number of samples */
  int iGet;                 /* Index of current sample accessed by stat_get() */
................................................................................
  for(i=0; i<p->mxSample; i++) sampleClear(p->db, p->a+i);
  sampleClear(p->db, &p->current);
#endif
  sqlite3DbFree(p->db, p);
}

/*
** Implementation of the stat_init(N,K,C) SQL function. The three parameters
** are:
**     N:    The number of columns in the index including the rowid/pk (note 1)
**     K:    The number of columns in the index excluding the rowid/pk.
**     C:    The number of rows in the index (note 2)
**
** Note 1:  In the special case of the covering index that implements a
** WITHOUT ROWID table, N is the number of PRIMARY KEY columns, not the
** total number of columns in the table.
**
** Note 2:  C is only used for STAT3 and STAT4.
**
** For indexes on ordinary rowid tables, N==K+1.  But for indexes on
** WITHOUT ROWID tables, N=K+P where P is the number of columns in the
** PRIMARY KEY of the table.  The covering index that implements the
** original WITHOUT ROWID table as N==K as a special case.
**
** This routine allocates the Stat4Accum object in heap memory. The return 
** value is a pointer to the the Stat4Accum object encoded as a blob (i.e. 
** the size of the blob is sizeof(void*) bytes). 
*/
static void statInit(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  Stat4Accum *p;
  int nCol;                       /* Number of columns in index being sampled */
  int nKeyCol;                    /* Number of key columns */
  int nColUp;                     /* nCol rounded up for alignment */
  int n;                          /* Bytes of space to allocate */
  sqlite3 *db;                    /* Database connection */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  int mxSample = SQLITE_STAT4_SAMPLES;
#endif

  /* Decode the three function arguments */
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(argc);
  nCol = sqlite3_value_int(argv[0]);
  assert( nCol>0 );
  nColUp = sizeof(tRowcnt)<8 ? (nCol+1)&~1 : nCol;
  nKeyCol = sqlite3_value_int(argv[1]);
  assert( nKeyCol<=nCol );
  assert( nKeyCol>0 );

  /* Allocate the space required for the Stat4Accum object */
  n = sizeof(*p) 
    + sizeof(tRowcnt)*nColUp                  /* Stat4Accum.anEq */
    + sizeof(tRowcnt)*nColUp                  /* Stat4Accum.anDLt */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
    + sizeof(tRowcnt)*nColUp                  /* Stat4Accum.anLt */
................................................................................
    sqlite3_result_error_nomem(context);
    return;
  }

  p->db = db;
  p->nRow = 0;
  p->nCol = nCol;
  p->nKeyCol = nKeyCol;
  p->current.anDLt = (tRowcnt*)&p[1];
  p->current.anEq = &p->current.anDLt[nColUp];

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  {
    u8 *pSpace;                     /* Allocated space not yet assigned */
    int i;                          /* Used to iterate through p->aSample[] */

    p->iGet = -1;
    p->mxSample = mxSample;
    p->nPSample = (tRowcnt)(sqlite3_value_int64(argv[2])/(mxSample/3+1) + 1);
    p->current.anLt = &p->current.anEq[nColUp];
    p->iPrn = nCol*0x689e962d ^ sqlite3_value_int(argv[2])*0xd0944565;
  
    /* Set up the Stat4Accum.a[] and aBest[] arrays */
    p->a = (struct Stat4Sample*)&p->current.anLt[nColUp];
    p->aBest = &p->a[mxSample];
    pSpace = (u8*)(&p->a[mxSample+nCol]);
    for(i=0; i<(mxSample+nCol); i++){
      p->a[i].anEq = (tRowcnt *)pSpace; pSpace += (sizeof(tRowcnt) * nColUp);
................................................................................
  }
#endif

  /* Return a pointer to the allocated object to the caller */
  sqlite3_result_blob(context, p, sizeof(p), stat4Destructor);
}
static const FuncDef statInitFuncdef = {
  2+IsStat34,      /* nArg */
  SQLITE_UTF8,     /* funcFlags */
  0,               /* pUserData */
  0,               /* pNext */
  statInit,        /* xFunc */
  0,               /* xStep */
  0,               /* xFinalize */
  "stat_init",     /* zName */
................................................................................
** Arguments:
**
**    P     Pointer to the Stat4Accum object created by stat_init()
**    C     Index of left-most column to differ from previous row
**    R     Rowid for the current row.  Might be a key record for
**          WITHOUT ROWID tables.
**
** This SQL function always returns NULL.  It's purpose it to accumulate
** statistical data and/or samples in the Stat4Accum object about the
** index being analyzed.  The stat_get() SQL function will later be used to
** extract relevant information for constructing the sqlite_statN tables.
**
** The R parameter is only used for STAT3 and STAT4
*/
static void statPush(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
................................................................................

  /* The three function arguments */
  Stat4Accum *p = (Stat4Accum*)sqlite3_value_blob(argv[0]);
  int iChng = sqlite3_value_int(argv[1]);

  UNUSED_PARAMETER( argc );
  UNUSED_PARAMETER( context );
  assert( p->nCol>0 );
  assert( iChng<p->nCol );

  if( p->nRow==0 ){
    /* This is the first call to this function. Do initialization. */
    for(i=0; i<p->nCol; i++) p->current.anEq[i] = 1;
  }else{
    /* Second and subsequent calls get processed here */
................................................................................
#define STAT_GET_ROWID 1          /* "rowid" column of stat[34] entry */
#define STAT_GET_NEQ   2          /* "neq" column of stat[34] entry */
#define STAT_GET_NLT   3          /* "nlt" column of stat[34] entry */
#define STAT_GET_NDLT  4          /* "ndlt" column of stat[34] entry */

/*
** Implementation of the stat_get(P,J) SQL function.  This routine is
** used to query statistical information that has been gathered into
** the Stat4Accum object by prior calls to stat_push().  The P parameter
** is a BLOB which is decoded into a pointer to the Stat4Accum objects.
** The content to returned is determined by the parameter J
** which is one of the STAT_GET_xxxx values defined above.
**
** If neither STAT3 nor STAT4 are enabled, then J is always
** STAT_GET_STAT1 and is hence omitted and this routine becomes
** a one-parameter function, stat_get(P), that always returns the
** stat1 table entry information.
*/
................................................................................
    ** rows, then each estimate is computed as:
    **
    **        I = (K+D-1)/D
    */
    char *z;
    int i;

    char *zRet = sqlite3MallocZero( (p->nKeyCol+1)*25 );
    if( zRet==0 ){
      sqlite3_result_error_nomem(context);
      return;
    }

    sqlite3_snprintf(24, zRet, "%llu", (u64)p->nRow);
    z = zRet + sqlite3Strlen30(zRet);
    for(i=0; i<p->nKeyCol; i++){
      u64 nDistinct = p->current.anDLt[i] + 1;
      u64 iVal = (p->nRow + nDistinct - 1) / nDistinct;
      sqlite3_snprintf(24, z, " %llu", iVal);
      z += sqlite3Strlen30(z);
      assert( p->current.anEq[i] );
    }
    assert( z[0]=='\0' && z>zRet );
................................................................................
  iTabCur = iTab++;
  iIdxCur = iTab++;
  pParse->nTab = MAX(pParse->nTab, iTab);
  sqlite3OpenTable(pParse, iTabCur, iDb, pTab, OP_OpenRead);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, regTabname, 0, pTab->zName, 0);

  for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
    int nCol;                     /* Number of columns in pIdx. "N" */

    int addrRewind;               /* Address of "OP_Rewind iIdxCur" */

    int addrNextRow;              /* Address of "next_row:" */
    const char *zIdxName;         /* Name of the index */
    int nColTest;                 /* Number of columns to test for changes */

    if( pOnlyIdx && pOnlyIdx!=pIdx ) continue;
    if( pIdx->pPartIdxWhere==0 ) needTableCnt = 0;
    if( !HasRowid(pTab) && IsPrimaryKeyIndex(pIdx) ){
      nCol = pIdx->nKeyCol;





      zIdxName = pTab->zName;
      nColTest = nCol - 1;
    }else{
      nCol = pIdx->nColumn;
      zIdxName = pIdx->zName;
      nColTest = pIdx->uniqNotNull ? pIdx->nKeyCol-1 : nCol-1;
    }

    /* Populate the register containing the index name. */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, regIdxname, 0, zIdxName, 0);
    VdbeComment((v, "Analysis for %s.%s", pTab->zName, zIdxName));

    /*
    ** Pseudo-code for loop that calls stat_push():
    **
    **   Rewind csr
    **   if eof(csr) goto end_of_scan;
    **   regChng = 0
................................................................................
    **
    **  chng_addr_0:
    **   regPrev(0) = idx(0)
    **  chng_addr_1:
    **   regPrev(1) = idx(1)
    **  ...
    **
    **  endDistinctTest:
    **   regRowid = idx(rowid)
    **   stat_push(P, regChng, regRowid)
    **   Next csr
    **   if !eof(csr) goto next_row;
    **
    **  end_of_scan:
    */

    /* Make sure there are enough memory cells allocated to accommodate 
    ** the regPrev array and a trailing rowid (the rowid slot is required
    ** when building a record to insert into the sample column of 
    ** the sqlite_stat4 table.  */
    pParse->nMem = MAX(pParse->nMem, regPrev+nColTest);

    /* Open a read-only cursor on the index being analyzed. */
    assert( iDb==sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pIdx->pSchema) );
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenRead, iIdxCur, pIdx->tnum, iDb);
    sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(pParse, pIdx);
    VdbeComment((v, "%s", pIdx->zName));

    /* Invoke the stat_init() function. The arguments are:
    ** 
    **    (1) the number of columns in the index including the rowid
    **        (or for a WITHOUT ROWID table, the number of PK columns),
    **    (2) the number of columns in the key without the rowid/pk
    **    (3) the number of rows in the index,
    **
    **
    ** The third argument is only used for STAT3 and STAT4
    */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Count, iIdxCur, regStat4+3);
#endif
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, nCol, regStat4+1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, pIdx->nKeyCol, regStat4+2);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Function, 0, regStat4+1, regStat4);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char*)&statInitFuncdef, P4_FUNCDEF);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, 2+IsStat34);

    /* Implementation of the following:
    **
    **   Rewind csr
    **   if eof(csr) goto end_of_scan;
    **   regChng = 0
    **   goto next_push_0;
    **
    */
    addrRewind = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Rewind, iIdxCur);
    VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, regChng);
    addrNextRow = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);

    if( nColTest>0 ){
      int endDistinctTest = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
      int *aGotoChng;               /* Array of jump instruction addresses */
      aGotoChng = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, sizeof(int)*nColTest);
      if( aGotoChng==0 ) continue;

      /*
      **  next_row:
      **   regChng = 0
      **   if( idx(0) != regPrev(0) ) goto chng_addr_0
      **   regChng = 1
      **   if( idx(1) != regPrev(1) ) goto chng_addr_1
      **   ...
      **   regChng = N
      **   goto endDistinctTest
      */
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Goto);
      addrNextRow = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
      if( nColTest==1 && pIdx->nKeyCol==1 && IsUniqueIndex(pIdx) ){
        /* For a single-column UNIQUE index, once we have found a non-NULL
        ** row, we know that all the rest will be distinct, so skip 
        ** subsequent distinctness tests. */
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NotNull, regPrev, endDistinctTest);
        VdbeCoverage(v);
      }
      for(i=0; i<nColTest; i++){
        char *pColl = (char*)sqlite3LocateCollSeq(pParse, pIdx->azColl[i]);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, i, regChng);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iIdxCur, i, regTemp);
        aGotoChng[i] = 
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Ne, regTemp, 0, regPrev+i, pColl, P4_COLLSEQ);
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, SQLITE_NULLEQ);
        VdbeCoverage(v);
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, nColTest, regChng);

      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, endDistinctTest);
  
  
      /*
      **  chng_addr_0:
      **   regPrev(0) = idx(0)
      **  chng_addr_1:
      **   regPrev(1) = idx(1)
      **  ...
      */
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrNextRow-1);
      for(i=0; i<nColTest; i++){
        sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, aGotoChng[i]);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iIdxCur, i, regPrev+i);
      }
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, endDistinctTest);
      sqlite3DbFree(db, aGotoChng);
    }
  
    /*
    **  chng_addr_N:
    **   regRowid = idx(rowid)            // STAT34 only
    **   stat_push(P, regChng, regRowid)  // 3rd parameter STAT34 only
    **   Next csr
    **   if !eof(csr) goto next_row;
    */

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
    assert( regRowid==(regStat4+2) );
    if( HasRowid(pTab) ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxRowid, iIdxCur, regRowid);
    }else{
      Index *pPk = sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pIdx->pTable);
      int j, k, regKey;
................................................................................
      int regSample = regStat1+3;
      int regCol = regStat1+4;
      int regSampleRowid = regCol + nCol;
      int addrNext;
      int addrIsNull;
      u8 seekOp = HasRowid(pTab) ? OP_NotExists : OP_NotFound;

      pParse->nMem = MAX(pParse->nMem, regCol+nCol);

      addrNext = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
      callStatGet(v, regStat4, STAT_GET_ROWID, regSampleRowid);
      addrIsNull = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IsNull, regSampleRowid);
      VdbeCoverage(v);
      callStatGet(v, regStat4, STAT_GET_NEQ, regEq);
      callStatGet(v, regStat4, STAT_GET_NLT, regLt);
................................................................................
      sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, iTabCur, 
                                      pIdx->aiColumn[0], regSample);
#else
      for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
        i16 iCol = pIdx->aiColumn[i];
        sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, iTabCur, iCol, regCol+i);
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regCol, nCol, regSample);
#endif
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regTabname, 6, regTemp);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, iStatCur+1, regNewRowid);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, iStatCur+1, regTemp, regNewRowid);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 1, addrNext); /* P1==1 for end-of-loop */
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrIsNull);
    }
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4 */

    /* End of analysis */
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrRewind);

  }


  /* Create a single sqlite_stat1 entry containing NULL as the index
  ** name and the row count as the content.
  */
  if( pOnlyIdx==0 && needTableCnt ){
................................................................................
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  int iDb;
  int i;
  char *z, *zDb;
  Table *pTab;
  Index *pIdx;
  Token *pTableName;
  Vdbe *v;

  /* Read the database schema. If an error occurs, leave an error message
  ** and code in pParse and return NULL. */
  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsAllMutexes(pParse->db) );
  if( SQLITE_OK!=sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ){
    return;
  }
................................................................................
        }else if( (pTab = sqlite3LocateTable(pParse, 0, z, zDb))!=0 ){
          analyzeTable(pParse, pTab, 0);
        }
        sqlite3DbFree(db, z);
      }
    }   
  }
  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( v ) sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Expire);
}

/*
** Used to pass information from the analyzer reader through to the
** callback routine.
*/
typedef struct analysisInfo analysisInfo;
................................................................................
    if( *z==' ' ) z++;
  }
#ifndef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  assert( pIndex!=0 );
#else
  if( pIndex )
#endif

  while( z[0] ){
    if( sqlite3_strglob("unordered*", z)==0 ){
      pIndex->bUnordered = 1;
    }else if( sqlite3_strglob("sz=[0-9]*", z)==0 ){


      pIndex->szIdxRow = sqlite3LogEst(sqlite3Atoi(z+3));
    }
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_COSTMULT
    else if( sqlite3_strglob("costmult=[0-9]*",z)==0 ){
      pIndex->pTable->costMult = sqlite3LogEst(sqlite3Atoi(z+9));
    }
#endif
    while( z[0]!=0 && z[0]!=' ' ) z++;
    while( z[0]==' ' ) z++;
  }
}

/*
** This callback is invoked once for each index when reading the
** sqlite_stat1 table.  
**
................................................................................
    pIndex = sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pTable);
  }else{
    pIndex = sqlite3FindIndex(pInfo->db, argv[1], pInfo->zDatabase);
  }
  z = argv[2];

  if( pIndex ){
    pIndex->bUnordered = 0;
    decodeIntArray((char*)z, pIndex->nKeyCol+1, 0, pIndex->aiRowLogEst, pIndex);
    if( pIndex->pPartIdxWhere==0 ) pTable->nRowLogEst = pIndex->aiRowLogEst[0];
  }else{
    Index fakeIdx;
    fakeIdx.szIdxRow = pTable->szTabRow;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_COSTMULT
    fakeIdx.pTable = pTable;
#endif
    decodeIntArray((char*)z, 1, 0, &pTable->nRowLogEst, &fakeIdx);
    pTable->szTabRow = fakeIdx.szIdxRow;
  }

  return 0;
}

................................................................................
** stored in pIdx->aSample[]. 
*/
static void initAvgEq(Index *pIdx){
  if( pIdx ){
    IndexSample *aSample = pIdx->aSample;
    IndexSample *pFinal = &aSample[pIdx->nSample-1];
    int iCol;
    int nCol = 1;
    if( pIdx->nSampleCol>1 ){
      /* If this is stat4 data, then calculate aAvgEq[] values for all
      ** sample columns except the last. The last is always set to 1, as
      ** once the trailing PK fields are considered all index keys are
      ** unique.  */
      nCol = pIdx->nSampleCol-1;
      pIdx->aAvgEq[nCol] = 1;
    }
    for(iCol=0; iCol<nCol; iCol++){
      int i;                    /* Used to iterate through samples */
      tRowcnt sumEq = 0;        /* Sum of the nEq values */
      tRowcnt nSum = 0;         /* Number of terms contributing to sumEq */
      tRowcnt avgEq = 0;
      tRowcnt nDLt = pFinal->anDLt[iCol];

      /* Set nSum to the number of distinct (iCol+1) field prefixes that
................................................................................
        }
      }
      if( nDLt>nSum ){
        avgEq = (pFinal->anLt[iCol] - sumEq)/(nDLt - nSum);
      }
      if( avgEq==0 ) avgEq = 1;
      pIdx->aAvgEq[iCol] = avgEq;

    }
  }
}

/*
** Look up an index by name.  Or, if the name of a WITHOUT ROWID table
** is supplied instead, find the PRIMARY KEY index for that table.
................................................................................
  }
  rc = sqlite3_prepare(db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, zSql);
  if( rc ) return rc;

  while( sqlite3_step(pStmt)==SQLITE_ROW ){
    int nIdxCol = 1;              /* Number of columns in stat4 records */


    char *zIndex;   /* Index name */
    Index *pIdx;    /* Pointer to the index object */
    int nSample;    /* Number of samples */
    int nByte;      /* Bytes of space required */
    int i;          /* Bytes of space required */
    tRowcnt *pSpace;
................................................................................
    nSample = sqlite3_column_int(pStmt, 1);
    pIdx = findIndexOrPrimaryKey(db, zIndex, zDb);
    assert( pIdx==0 || bStat3 || pIdx->nSample==0 );
    /* Index.nSample is non-zero at this point if data has already been
    ** loaded from the stat4 table. In this case ignore stat3 data.  */
    if( pIdx==0 || pIdx->nSample ) continue;
    if( bStat3==0 ){
      assert( !HasRowid(pIdx->pTable) || pIdx->nColumn==pIdx->nKeyCol+1 );
      if( !HasRowid(pIdx->pTable) && IsPrimaryKeyIndex(pIdx) ){
        nIdxCol = pIdx->nKeyCol;
      }else{
        nIdxCol = pIdx->nColumn;
      }
    }
    pIdx->nSampleCol = nIdxCol;
    nByte = sizeof(IndexSample) * nSample;
    nByte += sizeof(tRowcnt) * nIdxCol * 3 * nSample;
    nByte += nIdxCol * sizeof(tRowcnt);     /* Space for Index.aAvgEq[] */

    pIdx->aSample = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, nByte);
    if( pIdx->aSample==0 ){
      sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
      return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
    pSpace = (tRowcnt*)&pIdx->aSample[nSample];
    pIdx->aAvgEq = pSpace; pSpace += nIdxCol;
    for(i=0; i<nSample; i++){
      pIdx->aSample[i].anEq = pSpace; pSpace += nIdxCol;
      pIdx->aSample[i].anLt = pSpace; pSpace += nIdxCol;
      pIdx->aSample[i].anDLt = pSpace; pSpace += nIdxCol;
    }
    assert( ((u8*)pSpace)-nByte==(u8*)(pIdx->aSample) );
  }
................................................................................
                      p->zName, P4_STATIC);
  }
}
#else
  #define codeTableLocks(x)
#endif

/*
** Return TRUE if the given yDbMask object is empty - if it contains no
** 1 bits.  This routine is used by the DbMaskAllZero() and DbMaskNotZero()
** macros when SQLITE_MAX_ATTACHED is greater than 30.
*/
#if SQLITE_MAX_ATTACHED>30
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3DbMaskAllZero(yDbMask m){
  int i;
  for(i=0; i<sizeof(yDbMask); i++) if( m[i] ) return 0;
  return 1;
}
#endif

/*
** This routine is called after a single SQL statement has been
** parsed and a VDBE program to execute that statement has been
** prepared.  This routine puts the finishing touches on the
** VDBE program and resets the pParse structure for the next
** parse.
**
................................................................................

    /* The cookie mask contains one bit for each database file open.
    ** (Bit 0 is for main, bit 1 is for temp, and so forth.)  Bits are
    ** set for each database that is used.  Generate code to start a
    ** transaction on each used database and to verify the schema cookie
    ** on each used database.
    */
    if( db->mallocFailed==0 
     && (DbMaskNonZero(pParse->cookieMask) || pParse->pConstExpr)
    ){
      int iDb, i;
      assert( sqlite3VdbeGetOp(v, 0)->opcode==OP_Init );
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, 0);
      for(iDb=0; iDb<db->nDb; iDb++){
        if( DbMaskTest(pParse->cookieMask, iDb)==0 ) continue;
        sqlite3VdbeUsesBtree(v, iDb);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v,
          OP_Transaction,                    /* Opcode */
          iDb,                               /* P1 */
          DbMaskTest(pParse->writeMask,iDb), /* P2 */
          pParse->cookieValue[iDb],          /* P3 */
          db->aDb[iDb].pSchema->iGeneration  /* P4 */
        );
        if( db->init.busy==0 ) sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, 1);
      }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
      for(i=0; i<pParse->nVtabLock; i++){
................................................................................
  }else{
    pParse->rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  pParse->nTab = 0;
  pParse->nMem = 0;
  pParse->nSet = 0;
  pParse->nVar = 0;
  DbMaskZero(pParse->cookieMask);
}

/*
** Run the parser and code generator recursively in order to generate
** code for the SQL statement given onto the end of the pParse context
** currently under construction.  When the parser is run recursively
** this way, the final OP_Halt is not appended and other initialization
................................................................................
      assert( pTable->aCol==0 );
      pTable->nCol = pSelTab->nCol;
      pTable->aCol = pSelTab->aCol;
      pSelTab->nCol = 0;
      pSelTab->aCol = 0;
      sqlite3DeleteTable(db, pSelTab);
      assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, 0, pTable->pSchema) );
      pTable->pSchema->schemaFlags |= DB_UnresetViews;
    }else{
      pTable->nCol = 0;
      nErr++;
    }
    sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pSel);
  } else {
    nErr++;
................................................................................
  if( memRootPage<0 ) sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Clear, tnum, iDb);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_OpenWrite, iIdx, tnum, iDb, 
                    (char *)pKey, P4_KEYINFO);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_BULKCSR|((memRootPage>=0)?OPFLAG_P2ISREG:0));

  addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SorterSort, iSorter, 0); VdbeCoverage(v);
  assert( pKey!=0 || db->mallocFailed || pParse->nErr );
  if( IsUniqueIndex(pIndex) && pKey!=0 ){
    int j2 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v) + 3;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, j2);
    addr2 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_SorterCompare, iSorter, j2, regRecord,
                         pIndex->nKeyCol); VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3UniqueConstraint(pParse, OE_Abort, pIndex);
  }else{
    addr2 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
  }
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SorterData, iSorter, regRecord);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_IdxInsert, iIdx, regRecord, 1);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT);
................................................................................
    ** If there are different collating sequences or if the columns of
    ** the constraint occur in different orders, then the constraints are
    ** considered distinct and both result in separate indices.
    */
    Index *pIdx;
    for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
      int k;
      assert( IsUniqueIndex(pIdx) );
      assert( pIdx->idxType!=SQLITE_IDXTYPE_APPDEF );
      assert( IsUniqueIndex(pIndex) );

      if( pIdx->nKeyCol!=pIndex->nKeyCol ) continue;
      for(k=0; k<pIdx->nKeyCol; k++){
        const char *z1;
        const char *z2;
        if( pIdx->aiColumn[k]!=pIndex->aiColumn[k] ) break;
        z1 = pIdx->azColl[k];
................................................................................
  ** 6 and each subsequent value (if any) is 5.  */
  memcpy(&a[1], aVal, nCopy*sizeof(LogEst));
  for(i=nCopy+1; i<=pIdx->nKeyCol; i++){
    a[i] = 23;                    assert( 23==sqlite3LogEst(5) );
  }

  assert( 0==sqlite3LogEst(1) );
  if( IsUniqueIndex(pIdx) ) a[pIdx->nKeyCol] = 0;
}

/*
** This routine will drop an existing named index.  This routine
** implements the DROP INDEX statement.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DropIndex(Parse *pParse, SrcList *pName, int ifExists){
................................................................................
** for database iDb.  The code to actually verify the schema cookie
** will occur at the end of the top-level VDBE and will be generated
** later, by sqlite3FinishCoding().
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(Parse *pParse, int iDb){
  Parse *pToplevel = sqlite3ParseToplevel(pParse);
  sqlite3 *db = pToplevel->db;


  assert( iDb>=0 && iDb<db->nDb );
  assert( db->aDb[iDb].pBt!=0 || iDb==1 );
  assert( iDb<SQLITE_MAX_ATTACHED+2 );
  assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, iDb, 0) );

  if( DbMaskTest(pToplevel->cookieMask, iDb)==0 ){
    DbMaskSet(pToplevel->cookieMask, iDb);
    pToplevel->cookieValue[iDb] = db->aDb[iDb].pSchema->schema_cookie;
    if( !OMIT_TEMPDB && iDb==1 ){
      sqlite3OpenTempDatabase(pToplevel);
    }
  }
}

................................................................................
** rollback the whole transaction.  For operations where all constraints
** can be checked before any changes are made to the database, it is never
** necessary to undo a write and the checkpoint should not be set.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(Parse *pParse, int setStatement, int iDb){
  Parse *pToplevel = sqlite3ParseToplevel(pParse);
  sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iDb);
  DbMaskSet(pToplevel->writeMask, iDb);
  pToplevel->isMultiWrite |= setStatement;
}

/*
** Indicate that the statement currently under construction might write
** more than one entry (example: deleting one row then inserting another,
** inserting multiple rows in a table, or inserting a row and index entries.)
................................................................................
  for(pElem=sqliteHashFirst(&temp1); pElem; pElem=sqliteHashNext(pElem)){
    Table *pTab = sqliteHashData(pElem);
    sqlite3DeleteTable(0, pTab);
  }
  sqlite3HashClear(&temp1);
  sqlite3HashClear(&pSchema->fkeyHash);
  pSchema->pSeqTab = 0;
  if( pSchema->schemaFlags & DB_SchemaLoaded ){
    pSchema->iGeneration++;
    pSchema->schemaFlags &= ~DB_SchemaLoaded;
  }
}

/*
** Find and return the schema associated with a BTree.  Create
** a new one if necessary.
*/
................................................................................
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains the C-language implementions for many of the SQL
** functions of SQLite.  (Some function, and in particular the date and
** time functions, are implemented separately.)



*/
/* #include <stdlib.h> */
/* #include <assert.h> */

/*
** Return the collating function associated with a function.
*/
................................................................................
    FUNCTION(coalesce,           1, 0, 0, 0                ),
    FUNCTION(coalesce,           0, 0, 0, 0                ),
    FUNCTION2(coalesce,         -1, 0, 0, noopFunc,  SQLITE_FUNC_COALESCE),
    FUNCTION(hex,                1, 0, 0, hexFunc          ),
    FUNCTION2(ifnull,            2, 0, 0, noopFunc,  SQLITE_FUNC_COALESCE),
    FUNCTION2(unlikely,          1, 0, 0, noopFunc,  SQLITE_FUNC_UNLIKELY),
    FUNCTION2(likelihood,        2, 0, 0, noopFunc,  SQLITE_FUNC_UNLIKELY),
    FUNCTION2(likely,            1, 0, 0, noopFunc,  SQLITE_FUNC_UNLIKELY),
    VFUNCTION(random,            0, 0, 0, randomFunc       ),
    VFUNCTION(randomblob,        1, 0, 0, randomBlob       ),
    FUNCTION(nullif,             2, 0, 1, nullifFunc       ),
    FUNCTION(sqlite_version,     0, 0, 0, versionFunc      ),
    FUNCTION(sqlite_source_id,   0, 0, 0, sourceidFunc     ),
    FUNCTION(sqlite_log,         2, 0, 0, errlogFunc       ),
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_COMPILEOPTION_DIAGS
................................................................................
    assert( nCol>1 );
    aiCol = (int *)sqlite3DbMallocRaw(pParse->db, nCol*sizeof(int));
    if( !aiCol ) return 1;
    *paiCol = aiCol;
  }

  for(pIdx=pParent->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
    if( pIdx->nKeyCol==nCol && IsUniqueIndex(pIdx) ){ 
      /* pIdx is a UNIQUE index (or a PRIMARY KEY) and has the right number
      ** of columns. If each indexed column corresponds to a foreign key
      ** column of pFKey, then this index is a winner.  */

      if( zKey==0 ){
        /* If zKey is NULL, then this foreign key is implicitly mapped to 
        ** the PRIMARY KEY of table pParent. The PRIMARY KEY index may be 
................................................................................
     && ((pDestCol->zDflt==0)!=(pSrcCol->zDflt==0) 
         || (pDestCol->zDflt && strcmp(pDestCol->zDflt, pSrcCol->zDflt)!=0))
    ){
      return 0;    /* Default values must be the same for all columns */
    }
  }
  for(pDestIdx=pDest->pIndex; pDestIdx; pDestIdx=pDestIdx->pNext){
    if( IsUniqueIndex(pDestIdx) ){
      destHasUniqueIdx = 1;
    }
    for(pSrcIdx=pSrc->pIndex; pSrcIdx; pSrcIdx=pSrcIdx->pNext){
      if( xferCompatibleIndex(pDestIdx, pSrcIdx) ) break;
    }
    if( pSrcIdx==0 ){
      return 0;    /* pDestIdx has no corresponding index in pSrc */
................................................................................
            if( !azVals[i] && sqlite3_column_type(pStmt, i)!=SQLITE_NULL ){
              db->mallocFailed = 1;
              goto exec_out;
            }
          }
        }
        if( xCallback(pArg, nCol, azVals, azCols) ){
          /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-38229-40159 If the callback function to
          ** sqlite3_exec() returns non-zero, then sqlite3_exec() will
          ** return SQLITE_ABORT. */
          rc = SQLITE_ABORT;
          sqlite3VdbeFinalize((Vdbe *)pStmt);
          pStmt = 0;
          sqlite3Error(db, SQLITE_ABORT, 0);
          goto exec_out;
        }
      }
................................................................................
** if the omitFull parameter it 1.
**
** Note that the values returned are one less that the values that
** should be passed into sqlite3BtreeSetSafetyLevel().  The is done
** to support legacy SQL code.  The safety level used to be boolean
** and older scripts may have used numbers 0 for OFF and 1 for ON.
*/
static u8 getSafetyLevel(const char *z, int omitFull, u8 dflt){
                             /* 123456789 123456789 */
  static const char zText[] = "onoffalseyestruefull";
  static const u8 iOffset[] = {0, 1, 2, 4, 9, 12, 16};
  static const u8 iLength[] = {2, 2, 3, 5, 3, 4, 4};
  static const u8 iValue[] =  {1, 0, 0, 0, 1, 1, 2};
  int i, n;
  if( sqlite3Isdigit(*z) ){
................................................................................
  }
  return dflt;
}

/*
** Interpret the given string as a boolean value.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE u8 sqlite3GetBoolean(const char *z, u8 dflt){
  return getSafetyLevel(z,1,dflt)!=0;
}

/* The sqlite3GetBoolean() function is used by other modules but the
** remainder of this file is specific to PRAGMA processing.  So omit
** the rest of the file if PRAGMAs are omitted from the build.
*/
................................................................................
  **
  ** Get or set the size limit on rollback journal files.
  */
  case PragTyp_JOURNAL_SIZE_LIMIT: {
    Pager *pPager = sqlite3BtreePager(pDb->pBt);
    i64 iLimit = -2;
    if( zRight ){
      sqlite3DecOrHexToI64(zRight, &iLimit);
      if( iLimit<-1 ) iLimit = -1;
    }
    iLimit = sqlite3PagerJournalSizeLimit(pPager, iLimit);
    returnSingleInt(pParse, "journal_size_limit", iLimit);
    break;
  }

................................................................................
  */
  case PragTyp_MMAP_SIZE: {
    sqlite3_int64 sz;
#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
    assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, iDb, 0) );
    if( zRight ){
      int ii;
      sqlite3DecOrHexToI64(zRight, &sz);
      if( sz<0 ) sz = sqlite3GlobalConfig.szMmap;
      if( pId2->n==0 ) db->szMmap = sz;
      for(ii=db->nDb-1; ii>=0; ii--){
        if( db->aDb[ii].pBt && (ii==iDb || pId2->n==0) ){
          sqlite3BtreeSetMmapLimit(db->aDb[ii].pBt, sz);
        }
      }
................................................................................
      sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iDb);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "seq", SQLITE_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 1, COLNAME_NAME, "name", SQLITE_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 2, COLNAME_NAME, "unique", SQLITE_STATIC);
      for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex, i=0; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, i++){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, i, 1);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 2, 0, pIdx->zName, 0);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, IsUniqueIndex(pIdx), 3);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 3);
      }
    }
  }
  break;

  case PragTyp_DATABASE_LIST: {
................................................................................

    /* Code that appears at the end of the integrity check.  If no error
    ** messages have been generated, output OK.  Otherwise output the
    ** error message
    */
    static const int iLn = VDBE_OFFSET_LINENO(2);
    static const VdbeOpList endCode[] = {

      { OP_IfNeg,       1, 0,        0},    /* 0 */
      { OP_String8,     0, 3,        0},    /* 1 */
      { OP_ResultRow,   3, 1,        0},
    };

    int isQuick = (sqlite3Tolower(zLeft[0])=='q');

    /* If the PRAGMA command was of the form "PRAGMA <db>.integrity_check",
    ** then iDb is set to the index of the database identified by <db>.
................................................................................
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, 7);
        for(j=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, j++){
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, 8+j); /* index entries counter */
        }
        pParse->nMem = MAX(pParse->nMem, 8+j);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iDataCur, 0); VdbeCoverage(v);
        loopTop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, 7, 1);
        /* Verify that all NOT NULL columns really are NOT NULL */
        for(j=0; j<pTab->nCol; j++){
          char *zErr;
          int jmp2, jmp3;
          if( j==pTab->iPKey ) continue;
          if( pTab->aCol[j].notNull==0 ) continue;
          sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, iDataCur, j, 3);
          sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_TYPEOFARG);
          jmp2 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_NotNull, 3); VdbeCoverage(v);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, 1, -1); /* Decrement error limit */
          zErr = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "NULL value in %s.%s", pTab->zName,
                              pTab->aCol[j].zName);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 3, 0, zErr, P4_DYNAMIC);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 3, 1);
          jmp3 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfPos, 1); VdbeCoverage(v);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Halt);
          sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, jmp2);
          sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, jmp3);
        }
        /* Validate index entries for the current row */
        for(j=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, j++){
          int jmp2, jmp3, jmp4, jmp5;
          int ckUniq = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
          if( pPk==pIdx ) continue;
          r1 = sqlite3GenerateIndexKey(pParse, pIdx, iDataCur, 0, 0, &jmp3,
                                       pPrior, r1);
          pPrior = pIdx;
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, 8+j, 1);  /* increment entry count */
          /* Verify that an index entry exists for the current table row */
          jmp2 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_Found, iIdxCur+j, ckUniq, r1,
                                      pIdx->nColumn); VdbeCoverage(v);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, 1, -1); /* Decrement error limit */
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 3, 0, "row ", P4_STATIC);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Concat, 7, 3, 3);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 4, 0, 
                            " missing from index ", P4_STATIC);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Concat, 4, 3, 3);
          jmp5 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 4, 0,
                                   pIdx->zName, P4_TRANSIENT);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Concat, 4, 3, 3);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 3, 1);
          jmp4 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfPos, 1); VdbeCoverage(v);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Halt);
          sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, jmp2);
          /* For UNIQUE indexes, verify that only one entry exists with the
          ** current key.  The entry is unique if (1) any column is NULL
          ** or (2) the next entry has a different key */
          if( IsUniqueIndex(pIdx) ){
            int uniqOk = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
            int jmp6;
            int kk;
            for(kk=0; kk<pIdx->nKeyCol; kk++){
              int iCol = pIdx->aiColumn[kk];
              assert( iCol>=0 && iCol<pTab->nCol );
              if( pTab->aCol[iCol].notNull ) continue;
              sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, r1+kk, uniqOk);
              VdbeCoverage(v);
            }
            jmp6 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Next, iIdxCur+j); VdbeCoverage(v);
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, uniqOk);
            sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, jmp6);
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_IdxGT, iIdxCur+j, uniqOk, r1,
                                 pIdx->nKeyCol); VdbeCoverage(v);
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, 1, -1); /* Decrement error limit */
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 3, 0,
                              "non-unique entry in index ", P4_STATIC);
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, jmp5);
            sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, uniqOk);
          }
          sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, jmp4);
          sqlite3ResolvePartIdxLabel(pParse, jmp3);
        }
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iDataCur, loopTop); VdbeCoverage(v);
        sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, loopTop-1);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BTREECOUNT
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 2, 0, 
                     "wrong # of entries in index ", P4_STATIC);
................................................................................
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Concat, 3, 2, 7);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 7, 1);
        }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_BTREECOUNT */
      } 
    }
    addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOpList(v, ArraySize(endCode), endCode, iLn);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP3(v, addr, -mxErr);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, addr+1, "ok", P4_STATIC);
  }
  break;
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_INTEGRITY_CHECK */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16
  /*
  **   PRAGMA encoding
................................................................................
  **   PRAGMA soft_heap_limit = N
  **
  ** Call sqlite3_soft_heap_limit64(N).  Return the result.  If N is omitted,
  ** use -1.
  */
  case PragTyp_SOFT_HEAP_LIMIT: {
    sqlite3_int64 N;
    if( zRight && sqlite3DecOrHexToI64(zRight, &N)==SQLITE_OK ){
      sqlite3_soft_heap_limit64(N);
    }
    returnSingleInt(pParse, "soft_heap_limit",  sqlite3_soft_heap_limit64(-1));
    break;
  }

#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) || defined(SQLITE_TEST)
................................................................................
static void codeOffset(
  Vdbe *v,          /* Generate code into this VM */
  int iOffset,      /* Register holding the offset counter */
  int iContinue     /* Jump here to skip the current record */
){
  if( iOffset>0 ){
    int addr;
    addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_IfNeg, iOffset, 0, -1); VdbeCoverage(v);

    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, iContinue);
    VdbeComment((v, "skip OFFSET records"));
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);
  }
}

/*
................................................................................
          }else{
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Eq, regResult+i, iContinue, regPrev+i);
            VdbeCoverage(v);
           }
          sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (const char *)pColl, P4_COLLSEQ);
          sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, SQLITE_NULLEQ);
        }
        assert( sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)==iJump || pParse->db->mallocFailed );
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Copy, regResult, regPrev, nResultCol-1);
        break;
      }

      case WHERE_DISTINCT_UNIQUE: {
        sqlite3VdbeChangeToNoop(v, pDistinct->addrTnct);
        break;
................................................................................
  if( pSort->sortFlags & SORTFLAG_UseSorter ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SorterNext, iTab, addr); VdbeCoverage(v);
  }else{
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iTab, addr); VdbeCoverage(v);
  }
  if( pSort->regReturn ) sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Return, pSort->regReturn);
  sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrBreak);



}

/*
** Return a pointer to a string containing the 'declaration type' of the
** expression pExpr. The string may be treated as static by the caller.
**
** Also try to estimate the size of the returned value and return that
................................................................................
    if( aToOpen[iDataCur-iBaseCur] ){
      assert( pPk!=0 );
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_NotFound, iDataCur, labelBreak, regKey, nKey);
      VdbeCoverageNeverTaken(v);
    }
    labelContinue = labelBreak;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, pPk ? regKey : regOldRowid, labelBreak);
    VdbeCoverageIf(v, pPk==0);
    VdbeCoverageIf(v, pPk!=0);
  }else if( pPk ){
    labelContinue = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iEph, labelBreak); VdbeCoverage(v);
    addrTop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_RowKey, iEph, regKey);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_NotFound, iDataCur, labelContinue, regKey, 0);
    VdbeCoverage(v);
  }else{
................................................................................
** at the end is the choosen query plan.
*/
struct WherePath {
  Bitmask maskLoop;     /* Bitmask of all WhereLoop objects in this path */
  Bitmask revLoop;      /* aLoop[]s that should be reversed for ORDER BY */
  LogEst nRow;          /* Estimated number of rows generated by this path */
  LogEst rCost;         /* Total cost of this path */
  LogEst rUnsorted;     /* Total cost of this path ignoring sorting costs */
  i8 isOrdered;         /* No. of ORDER BY terms satisfied. -1 for unknown */
  WhereLoop **aLoop;    /* Array of WhereLoop objects implementing this path */
};

/*
** The query generator uses an array of instances of this structure to
** help it analyze the subexpressions of the WHERE clause.  Each WHERE
................................................................................
#define WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE 0x00000400  /* WhereLoop.u.vtab is valid */
#define WHERE_IN_ABLE      0x00000800  /* Able to support an IN operator */
#define WHERE_ONEROW       0x00001000  /* Selects no more than one row */
#define WHERE_MULTI_OR     0x00002000  /* OR using multiple indices */
#define WHERE_AUTO_INDEX   0x00004000  /* Uses an ephemeral index */
#define WHERE_SKIPSCAN     0x00008000  /* Uses the skip-scan algorithm */
#define WHERE_UNQ_WANTED   0x00010000  /* WHERE_ONEROW would have been helpful*/


/************** End of whereInt.h ********************************************/
/************** Continuing where we left off in where.c **********************/

/*
** Return the estimated number of output rows from a WHERE clause
*/
................................................................................

  /* memset(pScan, 0, sizeof(*pScan)); */
  pScan->pOrigWC = pWC;
  pScan->pWC = pWC;
  if( pIdx && iColumn>=0 ){
    pScan->idxaff = pIdx->pTable->aCol[iColumn].affinity;
    for(j=0; pIdx->aiColumn[j]!=iColumn; j++){
      if( NEVER(j>pIdx->nColumn) ) return 0;
    }
    pScan->zCollName = pIdx->azColl[j];
  }else{
    pScan->idxaff = 0;
    pScan->zCollName = 0;
  }
  pScan->opMask = opMask;
................................................................................
  **      where X is a constant value. The collation sequences of the
  **      comparison and select-list expressions must match those of the index.
  **
  **   3. All of those index columns for which the WHERE clause does not
  **      contain a "col=X" term are subject to a NOT NULL constraint.
  */
  for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
    if( !IsUniqueIndex(pIdx) ) continue;
    for(i=0; i<pIdx->nKeyCol; i++){
      i16 iCol = pIdx->aiColumn[i];
      if( 0==findTerm(pWC, iBase, iCol, ~(Bitmask)0, WO_EQ, pIdx) ){
        int iIdxCol = findIndexCol(pParse, pDistinct, iBase, pIdx, i);
        if( iIdxCol<0 || pTab->aCol[iCol].notNull==0 ){
          break;
        }
................................................................................
}


/*
** Estimate the logarithm of the input value to base 2.
*/
static LogEst estLog(LogEst N){
  return N<=10 ? 0 : sqlite3LogEst(N) - 33;

}

/*
** Two routines for printing the content of an sqlite3_index_info
** structure.  Used for testing and debugging only.  If neither
** SQLITE_TEST or SQLITE_DEBUG are defined, then these routines
** are no-ops.
................................................................................
      iLower = 0;
      iUpper = aSample[0].anLt[iCol];
    }else{
      i64 nRow0 = sqlite3LogEstToInt(pIdx->aiRowLogEst[0]);
      iUpper = i>=pIdx->nSample ? nRow0 : aSample[i].anLt[iCol];
      iLower = aSample[i-1].anEq[iCol] + aSample[i-1].anLt[iCol];
    }
    aStat[1] = pIdx->aAvgEq[iCol];
    if( iLower>=iUpper ){
      iGap = 0;
    }else{
      iGap = iUpper - iLower;
    }
    if( roundUp ){
      iGap = (iGap*2)/3;
................................................................................
    }else if( (pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VNULL)==0 ){
      nRet -= 20;        assert( 20==sqlite3LogEst(4) );
    }
  }
  return nRet;
}

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
/* 
** This function is called to estimate the number of rows visited by a
** range-scan on a skip-scan index. For example:
**
**   CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(a, b, c);
**   SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a=? AND c BETWEEN ? AND ?;
**
** Value pLoop->nOut is currently set to the estimated number of rows 
** visited for scanning (a=? AND b=?). This function reduces that estimate 
** by some factor to account for the (c BETWEEN ? AND ?) expression based
** on the stat4 data for the index. this scan will be peformed multiple 
** times (once for each (a,b) combination that matches a=?) is dealt with 
** by the caller.
**
** It does this by scanning through all stat4 samples, comparing values
** extracted from pLower and pUpper with the corresponding column in each
** sample. If L and U are the number of samples found to be less than or
** equal to the values extracted from pLower and pUpper respectively, and
** N is the total number of samples, the pLoop->nOut value is adjusted
** as follows:
**
**   nOut = nOut * ( min(U - L, 1) / N )
**
** If pLower is NULL, or a value cannot be extracted from the term, L is
** set to zero. If pUpper is NULL, or a value cannot be extracted from it,
** U is set to N.
**
** Normally, this function sets *pbDone to 1 before returning. However,
** if no value can be extracted from either pLower or pUpper (and so the
** estimate of the number of rows delivered remains unchanged), *pbDone
** is left as is.
**
** If an error occurs, an SQLite error code is returned. Otherwise, 
** SQLITE_OK.
*/
static int whereRangeSkipScanEst(
  Parse *pParse,       /* Parsing & code generating context */
  WhereTerm *pLower,   /* Lower bound on the range. ex: "x>123" Might be NULL */
  WhereTerm *pUpper,   /* Upper bound on the range. ex: "x<455" Might be NULL */
  WhereLoop *pLoop,    /* Update the .nOut value of this loop */
  int *pbDone          /* Set to true if at least one expr. value extracted */
){
  Index *p = pLoop->u.btree.pIndex;
  int nEq = pLoop->u.btree.nEq;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  int nLower = -1;
  int nUpper = p->nSample+1;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  int iCol = p->aiColumn[nEq];
  u8 aff = iCol>=0 ? p->pTable->aCol[iCol].affinity : SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER;
  CollSeq *pColl;
  
  sqlite3_value *p1 = 0;          /* Value extracted from pLower */
  sqlite3_value *p2 = 0;          /* Value extracted from pUpper */
  sqlite3_value *pVal = 0;        /* Value extracted from record */

  pColl = sqlite3LocateCollSeq(pParse, p->azColl[nEq]);
  if( pLower ){
    rc = sqlite3Stat4ValueFromExpr(pParse, pLower->pExpr->pRight, aff, &p1);
    nLower = 0;
  }
  if( pUpper && rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3Stat4ValueFromExpr(pParse, pUpper->pExpr->pRight, aff, &p2);
    nUpper = p2 ? 0 : p->nSample;
  }

  if( p1 || p2 ){
    int i;
    int nDiff;
    for(i=0; rc==SQLITE_OK && i<p->nSample; i++){
      rc = sqlite3Stat4Column(db, p->aSample[i].p, p->aSample[i].n, nEq, &pVal);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK && p1 ){
        int res = sqlite3MemCompare(p1, pVal, pColl);
        if( res>=0 ) nLower++;
      }
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK && p2 ){
        int res = sqlite3MemCompare(p2, pVal, pColl);
        if( res>=0 ) nUpper++;
      }
    }
    nDiff = (nUpper - nLower);
    if( nDiff<=0 ) nDiff = 1;

    /* If there is both an upper and lower bound specified, and the 
    ** comparisons indicate that they are close together, use the fallback
    ** method (assume that the scan visits 1/64 of the rows) for estimating
    ** the number of rows visited. Otherwise, estimate the number of rows
    ** using the method described in the header comment for this function. */
    if( nDiff!=1 || pUpper==0 || pLower==0 ){
      int nAdjust = (sqlite3LogEst(p->nSample) - sqlite3LogEst(nDiff));
      pLoop->nOut -= nAdjust;
      *pbDone = 1;
      WHERETRACE(0x10, ("range skip-scan regions: %u..%u  adjust=%d est=%d\n",
                           nLower, nUpper, nAdjust*-1, pLoop->nOut));
    }

  }else{
    assert( *pbDone==0 );
  }

  sqlite3ValueFree(p1);
  sqlite3ValueFree(p2);
  sqlite3ValueFree(pVal);

  return rc;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4 */

/*
** This function is used to estimate the number of rows that will be visited
** by scanning an index for a range of values. The range may have an upper
** bound, a lower bound, or both. The WHERE clause terms that set the upper
** and lower bounds are represented by pLower and pUpper respectively. For
** example, assuming that index p is on t1(a):
**
................................................................................
** When this function is called, *pnOut is set to the sqlite3LogEst() of the
** number of rows that the index scan is expected to visit without 
** considering the range constraints. If nEq is 0, this is the number of 
** rows in the index. Assuming no error occurs, *pnOut is adjusted (reduced)
** to account for the range contraints pLower and pUpper.
** 
** In the absence of sqlite_stat4 ANALYZE data, or if such data cannot be
** used, a single range inequality reduces the search space by a factor of 4. 
** and a pair of constraints (x>? AND x<?) reduces the expected number of
** rows visited by a factor of 64.
*/
static int whereRangeScanEst(
  Parse *pParse,       /* Parsing & code generating context */
  WhereLoopBuilder *pBuilder,
  WhereTerm *pLower,   /* Lower bound on the range. ex: "x>123" Might be NULL */
  WhereTerm *pUpper,   /* Upper bound on the range. ex: "x<455" Might be NULL */
  WhereLoop *pLoop     /* Modify the .nOut and maybe .rRun fields */
................................................................................
  LogEst nNew;

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  Index *p = pLoop->u.btree.pIndex;
  int nEq = pLoop->u.btree.nEq;

  if( p->nSample>0

   && nEq<p->nSampleCol
   && OptimizationEnabled(pParse->db, SQLITE_Stat3) 
  ){
    if( nEq==pBuilder->nRecValid ){
      UnpackedRecord *pRec = pBuilder->pRec;
      tRowcnt a[2];
      u8 aff;

      /* Variable iLower will be set to the estimate of the number of rows in 
      ** the index that are less than the lower bound of the range query. The
      ** lower bound being the concatenation of $P and $L, where $P is the
      ** key-prefix formed by the nEq values matched against the nEq left-most
      ** columns of the index, and $L is the value in pLower.
      **
      ** Or, if pLower is NULL or $L cannot be extracted from it (because it
      ** is not a simple variable or literal value), the lower bound of the
      ** range is $P. Due to a quirk in the way whereKeyStats() works, even
      ** if $L is available, whereKeyStats() is called for both ($P) and 
      ** ($P:$L) and the larger of the two returned values used.
      **
      ** Similarly, iUpper is to be set to the estimate of the number of rows
      ** less than the upper bound of the range query. Where the upper bound
      ** is either ($P) or ($P:$U). Again, even if $U is available, both values
      ** of iUpper are requested of whereKeyStats() and the smaller used.
      */
      tRowcnt iLower;
      tRowcnt iUpper;

      if( nEq==p->nKeyCol ){
        aff = SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER;
      }else{
        aff = p->pTable->aCol[p->aiColumn[nEq]].affinity;
      }
      /* Determine iLower and iUpper using ($P) only. */
      if( nEq==0 ){
        iLower = 0;
        iUpper = sqlite3LogEstToInt(p->aiRowLogEst[0]);
      }else{
        /* Note: this call could be optimized away - since the same values must 
        ** have been requested when testing key $P in whereEqualScanEst().  */
        whereKeyStats(pParse, p, pRec, 0, a);
        iLower = a[0];
        iUpper = a[0] + a[1];
      }

      /* If possible, improve on the iLower estimate using ($P:$L). */
      if( pLower ){
        int bOk;                    /* True if value is extracted from pExpr */
        Expr *pExpr = pLower->pExpr->pRight;
        assert( (pLower->eOperator & (WO_GT|WO_GE))!=0 );
        rc = sqlite3Stat4ProbeSetValue(pParse, p, &pRec, pExpr, aff, nEq, &bOk);
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK && bOk ){
          tRowcnt iNew;
          whereKeyStats(pParse, p, pRec, 0, a);
          iNew = a[0] + ((pLower->eOperator & WO_GT) ? a[1] : 0);
          if( iNew>iLower ) iLower = iNew;
          nOut--;
        }
      }

      /* If possible, improve on the iUpper estimate using ($P:$U). */
      if( pUpper ){
        int bOk;                    /* True if value is extracted from pExpr */
        Expr *pExpr = pUpper->pExpr->pRight;
        assert( (pUpper->eOperator & (WO_LT|WO_LE))!=0 );
        rc = sqlite3Stat4ProbeSetValue(pParse, p, &pRec, pExpr, aff, nEq, &bOk);
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK && bOk ){
          tRowcnt iNew;
          whereKeyStats(pParse, p, pRec, 1, a);
          iNew = a[0] + ((pUpper->eOperator & WO_LE) ? a[1] : 0);
          if( iNew<iUpper ) iUpper = iNew;
          nOut--;
        }
      }

      pBuilder->pRec = pRec;
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        if( iUpper>iLower ){
          nNew = sqlite3LogEst(iUpper - iLower);
        }else{
          nNew = 10;        assert( 10==sqlite3LogEst(2) );
        }
        if( nNew<nOut ){
          nOut = nNew;
        }
        pLoop->nOut = (LogEst)nOut;
        WHERETRACE(0x10, ("range scan regions: %u..%u  est=%d\n",
                           (u32)iLower, (u32)iUpper, nOut));
        return SQLITE_OK;
      }
    }else{
      int bDone = 0;
      rc = whereRangeSkipScanEst(pParse, pLower, pUpper, pLoop, &bDone);
      if( bDone ) return rc;
    }
  }
#else
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pParse);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pBuilder);
#endif
  assert( pLower || pUpper );
................................................................................
  UnpackedRecord *pRec = pBuilder->pRec;
  u8 aff;                   /* Column affinity */
  int rc;                   /* Subfunction return code */
  tRowcnt a[2];             /* Statistics */
  int bOk;

  assert( nEq>=1 );
  assert( nEq<=p->nColumn );
  assert( p->aSample!=0 );
  assert( p->nSample>0 );
  assert( pBuilder->nRecValid<nEq );

  /* If values are not available for all fields of the index to the left
  ** of this one, no estimate can be made. Return SQLITE_NOTFOUND. */
  if( pBuilder->nRecValid<(nEq-1) ){
    return SQLITE_NOTFOUND;
  }

  /* This is an optimization only. The call to sqlite3Stat4ProbeSetValue()
  ** below would return the same value.  */
  if( nEq>=p->nColumn ){
    *pnRow = 1;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

  aff = p->pTable->aCol[p->aiColumn[nEq-1]].affinity;
  rc = sqlite3Stat4ProbeSetValue(pParse, p, &pRec, pExpr, aff, nEq-1, &bOk);
  pBuilder->pRec = pRec;
................................................................................
    ){
      testcase( iEq==0 );
      testcase( bRev );
      bRev = !bRev;
    }
    assert( pX->op==TK_IN );
    iReg = iTarget;
    eType = sqlite3FindInIndex(pParse, pX, IN_INDEX_LOOP, 0);
    if( eType==IN_INDEX_INDEX_DESC ){
      testcase( bRev );
      bRev = !bRev;
    }
    iTab = pX->iTable;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, bRev ? OP_Last : OP_Rewind, iTab, 0);
    VdbeCoverageIf(v, bRev);
................................................................................
  if( nEq==0 && (pLoop->wsFlags & (WHERE_BTM_LIMIT|WHERE_TOP_LIMIT))==0 ){
    return 0;
  }
  sqlite3StrAccumInit(&txt, 0, 0, SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH);
  txt.db = db;
  sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&txt, " (", 2);
  for(i=0; i<nEq; i++){
    char *z = aiColumn[i] < 0 ? "rowid" : aCol[aiColumn[i]].zName;
    if( i>=nSkip ){
      explainAppendTerm(&txt, i, z, "=");
    }else{
      if( i ) sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&txt, " AND ", 5);
      sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&txt, "ANY(", 4);
      sqlite3StrAccumAppendAll(&txt, z);
      sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&txt, ")", 1);
    }
  }

  j = i;
  if( pLoop->wsFlags&WHERE_BTM_LIMIT ){
    char *z = aiColumn[j] < 0 ? "rowid" : aCol[aiColumn[j]].zName;
    explainAppendTerm(&txt, i++, z, ">");
  }
  if( pLoop->wsFlags&WHERE_TOP_LIMIT ){
    char *z = aiColumn[j] < 0 ? "rowid" : aCol[aiColumn[j]].zName;
    explainAppendTerm(&txt, i, z, "<");
  }
  sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&txt, ")", 1);
  return sqlite3StrAccumFinish(&txt);
}

/*
................................................................................
    int regReturn = ++pParse->nMem;           /* Register used with OP_Gosub */
    int regRowset = 0;                        /* Register for RowSet object */
    int regRowid = 0;                         /* Register holding rowid */
    int iLoopBody = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);  /* Start of loop body */
    int iRetInit;                             /* Address of regReturn init */
    int untestedTerms = 0;             /* Some terms not completely tested */
    int ii;                            /* Loop counter */
    u16 wctrlFlags;                    /* Flags for sub-WHERE clause */
    Expr *pAndExpr = 0;                /* An ".. AND (...)" expression */
    Table *pTab = pTabItem->pTab;
   
    pTerm = pLoop->aLTerm[0];
    assert( pTerm!=0 );
    assert( pTerm->eOperator & WO_OR );
    assert( (pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_ORINFO)!=0 );
................................................................................
      }
    }

    /* Run a separate WHERE clause for each term of the OR clause.  After
    ** eliminating duplicates from other WHERE clauses, the action for each
    ** sub-WHERE clause is to to invoke the main loop body as a subroutine.
    */
    wctrlFlags =  WHERE_OMIT_OPEN_CLOSE | WHERE_AND_ONLY |
                  WHERE_FORCE_TABLE | WHERE_ONETABLE_ONLY;
    for(ii=0; ii<pOrWc->nTerm; ii++){
      WhereTerm *pOrTerm = &pOrWc->a[ii];
      if( pOrTerm->leftCursor==iCur || (pOrTerm->eOperator & WO_AND)!=0 ){
        WhereInfo *pSubWInfo;           /* Info for single OR-term scan */
        Expr *pOrExpr = pOrTerm->pExpr; /* Current OR clause term */
        int j1 = 0;                     /* Address of jump operation */
        if( pAndExpr && !ExprHasProperty(pOrExpr, EP_FromJoin) ){
          pAndExpr->pLeft = pOrExpr;
          pOrExpr = pAndExpr;
        }
        /* Loop through table entries that match term pOrTerm. */
        pSubWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(pParse, pOrTab, pOrExpr, 0, 0,
                                      wctrlFlags, iCovCur);

        assert( pSubWInfo || pParse->nErr || db->mallocFailed );
        if( pSubWInfo ){
          WhereLoop *pSubLoop;
          explainOneScan(
              pParse, pOrTab, &pSubWInfo->a[0], iLevel, pLevel->iFrom, 0
          );
          /* This is the sub-WHERE clause body.  First skip over
................................................................................
          assert( (pSubLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_AUTO_INDEX)==0 );
          if( (pSubLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_INDEXED)!=0
           && (ii==0 || pSubLoop->u.btree.pIndex==pCov)
           && (HasRowid(pTab) || !IsPrimaryKeyIndex(pSubLoop->u.btree.pIndex))
          ){
            assert( pSubWInfo->a[0].iIdxCur==iCovCur );
            pCov = pSubLoop->u.btree.pIndex;
            wctrlFlags |= WHERE_REOPEN_IDX;
          }else{
            pCov = 0;
          }

          /* Finish the loop through table entries that match term pOrTerm. */
          sqlite3WhereEnd(pSubWInfo);
        }
................................................................................
                p->u.vtab.idxNum, p->u.vtab.idxStr, p->u.vtab.omitMask);
    }else{
      z = sqlite3_mprintf("(%d,%x)", p->u.vtab.idxNum, p->u.vtab.omitMask);
    }
    sqlite3DebugPrintf(" %-19s", z);
    sqlite3_free(z);
  }
  sqlite3DebugPrintf(" f %05x N %d", p->wsFlags, p->nLTerm);
  sqlite3DebugPrintf(" cost %d,%d,%d\n", p->rSetup, p->rRun, p->nOut);
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_TREE_EXPLAIN
  /* If the 0x100 bit of wheretracing is set, then show all of the constraint
  ** expressions in the WhereLoop.aLTerm[] array.
  */
  if( p->nLTerm && (sqlite3WhereTrace & 0x100)!=0 ){  /* WHERETRACE 0x100 */
    int i;
................................................................................
    assert( p->rSetup==0 || pTemplate->rSetup==0 
                 || p->rSetup==pTemplate->rSetup );

    /* whereLoopAddBtree() always generates and inserts the automatic index
    ** case first.  Hence compatible candidate WhereLoops never have a larger
    ** rSetup. Call this SETUP-INVARIANT */
    assert( p->rSetup>=pTemplate->rSetup );

    /* Any loop using an appliation-defined index (or PRIMARY KEY or
    ** UNIQUE constraint) with one or more == constraints is better
    ** than an automatic index. */
    if( (p->wsFlags & WHERE_AUTO_INDEX)!=0
     && (pTemplate->wsFlags & WHERE_INDEXED)!=0
     && (pTemplate->wsFlags & WHERE_COLUMN_EQ)!=0
     && (p->prereq & pTemplate->prereq)==pTemplate->prereq
    ){
      break;
    }

    /* If existing WhereLoop p is better than pTemplate, pTemplate can be
    ** discarded.  WhereLoop p is better if:
    **   (1)  p has no more dependencies than pTemplate, and
    **   (2)  p has an equal or lower cost than pTemplate
    */
    if( (p->prereq & pTemplate->prereq)==p->prereq    /* (1)  */
................................................................................
    /* We will be overwriting WhereLoop p[].  But before we do, first
    ** go through the rest of the list and delete any other entries besides
    ** p[] that are also supplated by pTemplate */
    WhereLoop **ppTail = &p->pNextLoop;
    WhereLoop *pToDel;
    while( *ppTail ){
      ppTail = whereLoopFindLesser(ppTail, pTemplate);
      if( ppTail==0 ) break;
      pToDel = *ppTail;
      if( pToDel==0 ) break;
      *ppTail = pToDel->pNextLoop;
#if WHERETRACE_ENABLED /* 0x8 */
      if( sqlite3WhereTrace & 0x8 ){
        sqlite3DebugPrintf("ins-del:  ");
        whereLoopPrint(pToDel, pBuilder->pWC);
      }
#endif
      whereLoopDelete(db, pToDel);
    }
  }
  whereLoopXfer(db, p, pTemplate);
................................................................................
    }
    if( j<0 ){
      pLoop->nOut += (pTerm->truthProb<=0 ? pTerm->truthProb : -1);
    }
  }
}

/*
** Adjust the cost C by the costMult facter T.  This only occurs if
** compiled with -DSQLITE_ENABLE_COSTMULT
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_COSTMULT
# define ApplyCostMultiplier(C,T)  C += T
#else
# define ApplyCostMultiplier(C,T)
#endif

/*
** We have so far matched pBuilder->pNew->u.btree.nEq terms of the 
** index pIndex. Try to match one more.
**
** When this function is called, pBuilder->pNew->nOut contains the 
** number of rows expected to be visited by filtering using the nEq 
** terms only. If it is modified, this value is restored before this 
................................................................................
  }else if( pProbe->tnum<=0 || (pSrc->jointype & JT_LEFT)!=0 ){
    opMask = WO_EQ|WO_IN|WO_GT|WO_GE|WO_LT|WO_LE;
  }else{
    opMask = WO_EQ|WO_IN|WO_ISNULL|WO_GT|WO_GE|WO_LT|WO_LE;
  }
  if( pProbe->bUnordered ) opMask &= ~(WO_GT|WO_GE|WO_LT|WO_LE);

  assert( pNew->u.btree.nEq<pProbe->nColumn );

  iCol = pProbe->aiColumn[pNew->u.btree.nEq];



  pTerm = whereScanInit(&scan, pBuilder->pWC, pSrc->iCursor, iCol,
                        opMask, pProbe);
  saved_nEq = pNew->u.btree.nEq;
  saved_nSkip = pNew->u.btree.nSkip;
  saved_nLTerm = pNew->nLTerm;
  saved_wsFlags = pNew->wsFlags;
  saved_prereq = pNew->prereq;
................................................................................
      }
      assert( nIn>0 );  /* RHS always has 2 or more terms...  The parser
                        ** changes "x IN (?)" into "x=?". */

    }else if( eOp & (WO_EQ) ){
      pNew->wsFlags |= WHERE_COLUMN_EQ;
      if( iCol<0 || (nInMul==0 && pNew->u.btree.nEq==pProbe->nKeyCol-1) ){
        if( iCol>=0 && !IsUniqueIndex(pProbe) ){
          pNew->wsFlags |= WHERE_UNQ_WANTED;
        }else{
          pNew->wsFlags |= WHERE_ONEROW;
        }
      }
    }else if( eOp & WO_ISNULL ){
      pNew->wsFlags |= WHERE_COLUMN_NULL;
................................................................................

      assert( pNew->nOut==saved_nOut );
      if( pTerm->truthProb<=0 && iCol>=0 ){
        assert( (eOp & WO_IN) || nIn==0 );
        testcase( eOp & WO_IN );
        pNew->nOut += pTerm->truthProb;
        pNew->nOut -= nIn;

      }else{
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
        tRowcnt nOut = 0;
        if( nInMul==0 
         && pProbe->nSample 
         && pNew->u.btree.nEq<=pProbe->nSampleCol
         && OptimizationEnabled(db, SQLITE_Stat3) 
         && ((eOp & WO_IN)==0 || !ExprHasProperty(pTerm->pExpr, EP_xIsSelect))

        ){
          Expr *pExpr = pTerm->pExpr;
          if( (eOp & (WO_EQ|WO_ISNULL))!=0 ){
            testcase( eOp & WO_EQ );
            testcase( eOp & WO_ISNULL );
            rc = whereEqualScanEst(pParse, pBuilder, pExpr->pRight, &nOut);
          }else{
            rc = whereInScanEst(pParse, pBuilder, pExpr->x.pList, &nOut);
          }

          if( rc==SQLITE_NOTFOUND ) rc = SQLITE_OK;
          if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) break;          /* Jump out of the pTerm loop */
          if( nOut ){
            pNew->nOut = sqlite3LogEst(nOut);
            if( pNew->nOut>saved_nOut ) pNew->nOut = saved_nOut;
            pNew->nOut -= nIn;
          }
................................................................................
    ** seek only. Then, if this is a non-covering index, add the cost of
    ** visiting the rows in the main table.  */
    rCostIdx = pNew->nOut + 1 + (15*pProbe->szIdxRow)/pSrc->pTab->szTabRow;
    pNew->rRun = sqlite3LogEstAdd(rLogSize, rCostIdx);
    if( (pNew->wsFlags & (WHERE_IDX_ONLY|WHERE_IPK))==0 ){
      pNew->rRun = sqlite3LogEstAdd(pNew->rRun, pNew->nOut + 16);
    }
    ApplyCostMultiplier(pNew->rRun, pProbe->pTable->costMult);

    nOutUnadjusted = pNew->nOut;
    pNew->rRun += nInMul + nIn;
    pNew->nOut += nInMul + nIn;
    whereLoopOutputAdjust(pBuilder->pWC, pNew);
    rc = whereLoopInsert(pBuilder, pNew);

................................................................................
    if( pNew->wsFlags & WHERE_COLUMN_RANGE ){
      pNew->nOut = saved_nOut;
    }else{
      pNew->nOut = nOutUnadjusted;
    }

    if( (pNew->wsFlags & WHERE_TOP_LIMIT)==0
     && pNew->u.btree.nEq<pProbe->nColumn
    ){
      whereLoopAddBtreeIndex(pBuilder, pSrc, pProbe, nInMul+nIn);
    }
    pNew->nOut = saved_nOut;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
    pBuilder->nRecValid = nRecValid;
#endif
................................................................................
**
**     cost = nSeek * (log(nRow) + K * nVisit)          // covering index
**     cost = nSeek * (log(nRow) + (K+3.0) * nVisit)    // non-covering index
**
** Normally, nSeek is 1. nSeek values greater than 1 come about if the 
** WHERE clause includes "x IN (....)" terms used in place of "x=?". Or when 
** implicit "x IN (SELECT x FROM tbl)" terms are added for skip-scans.
**
** The estimated values (nRow, nVisit, nSeek) often contain a large amount
** of uncertainty.  For this reason, scoring is designed to pick plans that
** "do the least harm" if the estimates are inaccurate.  For example, a
** log(nRow) factor is omitted from a non-covering index scan in order to
** bias the scoring in favor of using an index, since the worst-case
** performance of using an index is far better than the worst-case performance
** of a full table scan.
*/
static int whereLoopAddBtree(
  WhereLoopBuilder *pBuilder, /* WHERE clause information */
  Bitmask mExtra              /* Extra prerequesites for using this table */
){
  WhereInfo *pWInfo;          /* WHERE analysis context */
  Index *pProbe;              /* An index we are evaluating */
................................................................................
    /* There is no INDEXED BY clause.  Create a fake Index object in local
    ** variable sPk to represent the rowid primary key index.  Make this
    ** fake index the first in a chain of Index objects with all of the real
    ** indices to follow */
    Index *pFirst;                  /* First of real indices on the table */
    memset(&sPk, 0, sizeof(Index));
    sPk.nKeyCol = 1;
    sPk.nColumn = 1;
    sPk.aiColumn = &aiColumnPk;
    sPk.aiRowLogEst = aiRowEstPk;
    sPk.onError = OE_Replace;
    sPk.pTable = pTab;
    sPk.szIdxRow = pTab->szTabRow;
    aiRowEstPk[0] = pTab->nRowLogEst;
    aiRowEstPk[1] = 0;
................................................................................
        pNew->u.btree.pIndex = 0;
        pNew->nLTerm = 1;
        pNew->aLTerm[0] = pTerm;
        /* TUNING: One-time cost for computing the automatic index is
        ** approximately 7*N*log2(N) where N is the number of rows in
        ** the table being indexed. */
        pNew->rSetup = rLogSize + rSize + 28;  assert( 28==sqlite3LogEst(7) );
        ApplyCostMultiplier(pNew->rSetup, pTab->costMult);
        /* TUNING: Each index lookup yields 20 rows in the table.  This
        ** is more than the usual guess of 10 rows, since we have no way
        ** of knowning how selective the index will ultimately be.  It would
        ** not be unreasonable to make this value much larger. */
        pNew->nOut = 43;  assert( 43==sqlite3LogEst(20) );
        pNew->rRun = sqlite3LogEstAdd(rLogSize,pNew->nOut);
        pNew->wsFlags = WHERE_AUTO_INDEX;
................................................................................
      /* Integer primary key index */
      pNew->wsFlags = WHERE_IPK;

      /* Full table scan */
      pNew->iSortIdx = b ? iSortIdx : 0;
      /* TUNING: Cost of full table scan is (N*3.0). */
      pNew->rRun = rSize + 16;
      ApplyCostMultiplier(pNew->rRun, pTab->costMult);
      whereLoopOutputAdjust(pWC, pNew);
      rc = whereLoopInsert(pBuilder, pNew);
      pNew->nOut = rSize;
      if( rc ) break;
    }else{
      Bitmask m;
      if( pProbe->isCovering ){
................................................................................
        ** between 1.1 and 3.0, depending on the relative sizes of the
        ** index and table rows. If this is a non-covering index scan,
        ** also add the cost of visiting table rows (N*3.0).  */
        pNew->rRun = rSize + 1 + (15*pProbe->szIdxRow)/pTab->szTabRow;
        if( m!=0 ){
          pNew->rRun = sqlite3LogEstAdd(pNew->rRun, rSize+16);
        }
        ApplyCostMultiplier(pNew->rRun, pTab->costMult);
        whereLoopOutputAdjust(pWC, pNew);
        rc = whereLoopInsert(pBuilder, pNew);
        pNew->nOut = rSize;
        if( rc ) break;
      }
    }

................................................................................
      }else if( (pIndex = pLoop->u.btree.pIndex)==0 || pIndex->bUnordered ){
        return 0;
      }else{
        nKeyCol = pIndex->nKeyCol;
        nColumn = pIndex->nColumn;
        assert( nColumn==nKeyCol+1 || !HasRowid(pIndex->pTable) );
        assert( pIndex->aiColumn[nColumn-1]==(-1) || !HasRowid(pIndex->pTable));
        isOrderDistinct = IsUniqueIndex(pIndex);
      }

      /* Loop through all columns of the index and deal with the ones
      ** that are not constrained by == or IN.
      */
      rev = revSet = 0;
      distinctColumns = 0;
................................................................................
  int i;
  for(i=0; i<nLoop; i++){ zName[i] = pPath->aLoop[i]->cId; }
  if( pLast ) zName[i++] = pLast->cId;
  zName[i] = 0;
  return zName;
}
#endif

/*
** Return the cost of sorting nRow rows, assuming that the keys have 
** nOrderby columns and that the first nSorted columns are already in
** order.
*/
static LogEst whereSortingCost(
  WhereInfo *pWInfo,
  LogEst nRow,
  int nOrderBy,
  int nSorted
){
  /* TUNING: Estimated cost of a full external sort, where N is 
  ** the number of rows to sort is:
  **
  **   cost = (3.0 * N * log(N)).
  ** 
  ** Or, if the order-by clause has X terms but only the last Y 
  ** terms are out of order, then block-sorting will reduce the 
  ** sorting cost to:
  **
  **   cost = (3.0 * N * log(N)) * (Y/X)
  **
  ** The (Y/X) term is implemented using stack variable rScale
  ** below.  */
  LogEst rScale, rSortCost;
  assert( nOrderBy>0 && 66==sqlite3LogEst(100) );
  rScale = sqlite3LogEst((nOrderBy-nSorted)*100/nOrderBy) - 66;
  rSortCost = nRow + estLog(nRow) + rScale + 16;

  /* TUNING: The cost of implementing DISTINCT using a B-TREE is
  ** similar but with a larger constant of proportionality. 
  ** Multiply by an additional factor of 3.0.  */
  if( pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_WANT_DISTINCT ){
    rSortCost += 16;
  }

  return rSortCost;
}

/*
** Given the list of WhereLoop objects at pWInfo->pLoops, this routine
** attempts to find the lowest cost path that visits each WhereLoop
** once.  This path is then loaded into the pWInfo->a[].pWLoop fields.
**
** Assume that the total number of output rows that will need to be sorted
................................................................................
  int nLoop;                /* Number of terms in the join */
  Parse *pParse;            /* Parsing context */
  sqlite3 *db;              /* The database connection */
  int iLoop;                /* Loop counter over the terms of the join */
  int ii, jj;               /* Loop counters */
  int mxI = 0;              /* Index of next entry to replace */
  int nOrderBy;             /* Number of ORDER BY clause terms */


  LogEst mxCost = 0;        /* Maximum cost of a set of paths */

  LogEst mxUnsorted = 0;    /* Maximum unsorted cost of a set of path */
  int nTo, nFrom;           /* Number of valid entries in aTo[] and aFrom[] */
  WherePath *aFrom;         /* All nFrom paths at the previous level */
  WherePath *aTo;           /* The nTo best paths at the current level */
  WherePath *pFrom;         /* An element of aFrom[] that we are working on */
  WherePath *pTo;           /* An element of aTo[] that we are working on */
  WhereLoop *pWLoop;        /* One of the WhereLoop objects */
  WhereLoop **pX;           /* Used to divy up the pSpace memory */
  LogEst *aSortCost = 0;    /* Sorting and partial sorting costs */
  char *pSpace;             /* Temporary memory used by this routine */
  int nSpace;               /* Bytes of space allocated at pSpace */

  pParse = pWInfo->pParse;
  db = pParse->db;
  nLoop = pWInfo->nLevel;
  /* TUNING: For simple queries, only the best path is tracked.
  ** For 2-way joins, the 5 best paths are followed.
  ** For joins of 3 or more tables, track the 10 best paths */
  mxChoice = (nLoop<=1) ? 1 : (nLoop==2 ? 5 : 10);
  assert( nLoop<=pWInfo->pTabList->nSrc );
  WHERETRACE(0x002, ("---- begin solver.  (nRowEst=%d)\n", nRowEst));

  /* If nRowEst is zero and there is an ORDER BY clause, ignore it. In this
  ** case the purpose of this call is to estimate the number of rows returned
  ** by the overall query. Once this estimate has been obtained, the caller
  ** will invoke this function a second time, passing the estimate as the
  ** nRowEst parameter.  */
  if( pWInfo->pOrderBy==0 || nRowEst==0 ){
    nOrderBy = 0;
  }else{
    nOrderBy = pWInfo->pOrderBy->nExpr;
  }

  /* Allocate and initialize space for aTo, aFrom and aSortCost[] */
  nSpace = (sizeof(WherePath)+sizeof(WhereLoop*)*nLoop)*mxChoice*2;
  nSpace += sizeof(LogEst) * nOrderBy;
  pSpace = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, nSpace);
  if( pSpace==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  aTo = (WherePath*)pSpace;
  aFrom = aTo+mxChoice;
  memset(aFrom, 0, sizeof(aFrom[0]));
  pX = (WhereLoop**)(aFrom+mxChoice);
  for(ii=mxChoice*2, pFrom=aTo; ii>0; ii--, pFrom++, pX += nLoop){
    pFrom->aLoop = pX;
  }
  if( nOrderBy ){
    /* If there is an ORDER BY clause and it is not being ignored, set up
    ** space for the aSortCost[] array. Each element of the aSortCost array
    ** is either zero - meaning it has not yet been initialized - or the
    ** cost of sorting nRowEst rows of data where the first X terms of
    ** the ORDER BY clause are already in order, where X is the array 
    ** index.  */
    aSortCost = (LogEst*)pX;
    memset(aSortCost, 0, sizeof(LogEst) * nOrderBy);
  }
  assert( aSortCost==0 || &pSpace[nSpace]==(char*)&aSortCost[nOrderBy] );
  assert( aSortCost!=0 || &pSpace[nSpace]==(char*)pX );

  /* Seed the search with a single WherePath containing zero WhereLoops.
  **
  ** TUNING: Do not let the number of iterations go above 25.  If the cost
  ** of computing an automatic index is not paid back within the first 25
  ** rows, then do not use the automatic index. */
  aFrom[0].nRow = MIN(pParse->nQueryLoop, 46);  assert( 46==sqlite3LogEst(25) );
  nFrom = 1;
  assert( aFrom[0].isOrdered==0 );
  if( nOrderBy ){
    /* If nLoop is zero, then there are no FROM terms in the query. Since
    ** in this case the query may return a maximum of one row, the results
    ** are already in the requested order. Set isOrdered to nOrderBy to
    ** indicate this. Or, if nLoop is greater than zero, set isOrdered to
    ** -1, indicating that the result set may or may not be ordered, 
    ** depending on the loops added to the current plan.  */
    aFrom[0].isOrdered = nLoop>0 ? -1 : nOrderBy;
  }

  /* Compute successively longer WherePaths using the previous generation
  ** of WherePaths as the basis for the next.  Keep track of the mxChoice
  ** best paths at each generation */
  for(iLoop=0; iLoop<nLoop; iLoop++){
    nTo = 0;
    for(ii=0, pFrom=aFrom; ii<nFrom; ii++, pFrom++){
      for(pWLoop=pWInfo->pLoops; pWLoop; pWLoop=pWLoop->pNextLoop){
        LogEst nOut;                      /* Rows visited by (pFrom+pWLoop) */
        LogEst rCost;                     /* Cost of path (pFrom+pWLoop) */
        LogEst rUnsorted;                 /* Unsorted cost of (pFrom+pWLoop) */
        i8 isOrdered = pFrom->isOrdered;  /* isOrdered for (pFrom+pWLoop) */
        Bitmask maskNew;                  /* Mask of src visited by (..) */
        Bitmask revMask = 0;              /* Mask of rev-order loops for (..) */


        if( (pWLoop->prereq & ~pFrom->maskLoop)!=0 ) continue;
        if( (pWLoop->maskSelf & pFrom->maskLoop)!=0 ) continue;
        /* At this point, pWLoop is a candidate to be the next loop. 
        ** Compute its cost */
        rUnsorted = sqlite3LogEstAdd(pWLoop->rSetup,pWLoop->rRun + pFrom->nRow);
        rUnsorted = sqlite3LogEstAdd(rUnsorted, pFrom->rUnsorted);
        nOut = pFrom->nRow + pWLoop->nOut;
        maskNew = pFrom->maskLoop | pWLoop->maskSelf;
        if( isOrdered<0 ){
          isOrdered = wherePathSatisfiesOrderBy(pWInfo,
                       pWInfo->pOrderBy, pFrom, pWInfo->wctrlFlags,
                       iLoop, pWLoop, &revMask);
        }else{
          revMask = pFrom->revLoop;
        }
        if( isOrdered>=0 && isOrdered<nOrderBy ){



          if( aSortCost[isOrdered]==0 ){

            aSortCost[isOrdered] = whereSortingCost(
                pWInfo, nRowEst, nOrderBy, isOrdered











            );
          }





          rCost = sqlite3LogEstAdd(rUnsorted, aSortCost[isOrdered]);

          WHERETRACE(0x002,
              ("---- sort cost=%-3d (%d/%d) increases cost %3d to %-3d\n",
               aSortCost[isOrdered], (nOrderBy-isOrdered), nOrderBy, 



               rUnsorted, rCost));
        }else{

          rCost = rUnsorted;
        }

        /* Check to see if pWLoop should be added to the set of
        ** mxChoice best-so-far paths.
        **
        ** First look for an existing path among best-so-far paths
        ** that covers the same set of loops and has the same isOrdered
        ** setting as the current path candidate.
        **
        ** The term "((pTo->isOrdered^isOrdered)&0x80)==0" is equivalent
        ** to (pTo->isOrdered==(-1))==(isOrdered==(-1))" for the range
        ** of legal values for isOrdered, -1..64.
        */
        for(jj=0, pTo=aTo; jj<nTo; jj++, pTo++){
          if( pTo->maskLoop==maskNew
           && ((pTo->isOrdered^isOrdered)&0x80)==0


          ){
            testcase( jj==nTo-1 );
            break;
          }
        }
        if( jj>=nTo ){
          /* None of the existing best-so-far paths match the candidate. */
          if( nTo>=mxChoice
           && (rCost>mxCost || (rCost==mxCost && rUnsorted>=mxUnsorted))
          ){
            /* The current candidate is no better than any of the mxChoice
            ** paths currently in the best-so-far buffer.  So discard
            ** this candidate as not viable. */
#ifdef WHERETRACE_ENABLED /* 0x4 */
            if( sqlite3WhereTrace&0x4 ){
              sqlite3DebugPrintf("Skip   %s cost=%-3d,%3d order=%c\n",
                  wherePathName(pFrom, iLoop, pWLoop), rCost, nOut,
                  isOrdered>=0 ? isOrdered+'0' : '?');
            }
#endif
            continue;
          }
          /* If we reach this points it means that the new candidate path
          ** needs to be added to the set of best-so-far paths. */
          if( nTo<mxChoice ){
            /* Increase the size of the aTo set by one */
            jj = nTo++;
          }else{
            /* New path replaces the prior worst to keep count below mxChoice */
            jj = mxI;
          }
................................................................................
          if( sqlite3WhereTrace&0x4 ){
            sqlite3DebugPrintf("New    %s cost=%-3d,%3d order=%c\n",
                wherePathName(pFrom, iLoop, pWLoop), rCost, nOut,
                isOrdered>=0 ? isOrdered+'0' : '?');
          }
#endif
        }else{
          /* Control reaches here if best-so-far path pTo=aTo[jj] covers the
          ** same set of loops and has the sam isOrdered setting as the
          ** candidate path.  Check to see if the candidate should replace
          ** pTo or if the candidate should be skipped */
          if( pTo->rCost<rCost || (pTo->rCost==rCost && pTo->nRow<=nOut) ){
#ifdef WHERETRACE_ENABLED /* 0x4 */
            if( sqlite3WhereTrace&0x4 ){
              sqlite3DebugPrintf(
                  "Skip   %s cost=%-3d,%3d order=%c",
                  wherePathName(pFrom, iLoop, pWLoop), rCost, nOut,
                  isOrdered>=0 ? isOrdered+'0' : '?');
              sqlite3DebugPrintf("   vs %s cost=%-3d,%d order=%c\n",
                  wherePathName(pTo, iLoop+1, 0), pTo->rCost, pTo->nRow,
                  pTo->isOrdered>=0 ? pTo->isOrdered+'0' : '?');
            }
#endif
            /* Discard the candidate path from further consideration */
            testcase( pTo->rCost==rCost );
            continue;
          }
          testcase( pTo->rCost==rCost+1 );
          /* Control reaches here if the candidate path is better than the
          ** pTo path.  Replace pTo with the candidate. */
#ifdef WHERETRACE_ENABLED /* 0x4 */
          if( sqlite3WhereTrace&0x4 ){
            sqlite3DebugPrintf(
                "Update %s cost=%-3d,%3d order=%c",
                wherePathName(pFrom, iLoop, pWLoop), rCost, nOut,
                isOrdered>=0 ? isOrdered+'0' : '?');
            sqlite3DebugPrintf("  was %s cost=%-3d,%3d order=%c\n",
................................................................................
#endif
        }
        /* pWLoop is a winner.  Add it to the set of best so far */
        pTo->maskLoop = pFrom->maskLoop | pWLoop->maskSelf;
        pTo->revLoop = revMask;
        pTo->nRow = nOut;
        pTo->rCost = rCost;
        pTo->rUnsorted = rUnsorted;
        pTo->isOrdered = isOrdered;
        memcpy(pTo->aLoop, pFrom->aLoop, sizeof(WhereLoop*)*iLoop);
        pTo->aLoop[iLoop] = pWLoop;
        if( nTo>=mxChoice ){
          mxI = 0;
          mxCost = aTo[0].rCost;
          mxUnsorted = aTo[0].nRow;
          for(jj=1, pTo=&aTo[1]; jj<mxChoice; jj++, pTo++){
            if( pTo->rCost>mxCost 
             || (pTo->rCost==mxCost && pTo->rUnsorted>mxUnsorted) 
            ){
              mxCost = pTo->rCost;

              mxUnsorted = pTo->rUnsorted;
              mxI = jj;
            }
          }
        }
      }
    }

................................................................................
    pLoop->u.btree.nEq = 1;
    /* TUNING: Cost of a rowid lookup is 10 */
    pLoop->rRun = 33;  /* 33==sqlite3LogEst(10) */
  }else{
    for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
      assert( pLoop->aLTermSpace==pLoop->aLTerm );
      assert( ArraySize(pLoop->aLTermSpace)==4 );
      if( !IsUniqueIndex(pIdx)
       || pIdx->pPartIdxWhere!=0 
       || pIdx->nKeyCol>ArraySize(pLoop->aLTermSpace) 
      ) continue;
      for(j=0; j<pIdx->nKeyCol; j++){
        pTerm = findTerm(pWC, iCur, pIdx->aiColumn[j], 0, WO_EQ, pIdx);
        if( pTerm==0 ) break;
        pLoop->aLTerm[j] = pTerm;
................................................................................
          iIndexCur++;
          pJ = pJ->pNext;
        }
        op = OP_OpenWrite;
        pWInfo->aiCurOnePass[1] = iIndexCur;
      }else if( iIdxCur && (wctrlFlags & WHERE_ONETABLE_ONLY)!=0 ){
        iIndexCur = iIdxCur;
        if( wctrlFlags & WHERE_REOPEN_IDX ) op = OP_ReopenIdx;
      }else{
        iIndexCur = pParse->nTab++;
      }
      pLevel->iIdxCur = iIndexCur;
      assert( pIx->pSchema==pTab->pSchema );
      assert( iIndexCur>=0 );
      if( op ){
................................................................................
    case '0': case '1': case '2': case '3': case '4':
    case '5': case '6': case '7': case '8': case '9': {
      testcase( z[0]=='0' );  testcase( z[0]=='1' );  testcase( z[0]=='2' );
      testcase( z[0]=='3' );  testcase( z[0]=='4' );  testcase( z[0]=='5' );
      testcase( z[0]=='6' );  testcase( z[0]=='7' );  testcase( z[0]=='8' );
      testcase( z[0]=='9' );
      *tokenType = TK_INTEGER;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_HEX_INTEGER
      if( z[0]=='0' && (z[1]=='x' || z[1]=='X') && sqlite3Isxdigit(z[2]) ){
        for(i=3; sqlite3Isxdigit(z[i]); i++){}
        return i;
      }
#endif
      for(i=0; sqlite3Isdigit(z[i]); i++){}
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
      if( z[i]=='.' ){
        i++;
        while( sqlite3Isdigit(z[i]) ){ i++; }
        *tokenType = TK_FLOAT;
      }
................................................................................
}

/*
** Close an existing SQLite database
*/
static int sqlite3Close(sqlite3 *db, int forceZombie){
  if( !db ){
    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-63257-11740 Calling sqlite3_close() or
    ** sqlite3_close_v2() with a NULL pointer argument is a harmless no-op. */
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckSickOrOk(db) ){
    return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
  }
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);

................................................................................
  }
}

/*
** Return a static string containing the name corresponding to the error code
** specified in the argument.
*/
#if (defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) && SQLITE_OS_WIN) || defined(SQLITE_TEST)
SQLITE_PRIVATE const char *sqlite3ErrName(int rc){
  const char *zName = 0;
  int i, origRc = rc;
  for(i=0; i<2 && zName==0; i++, rc &= 0xff){
    switch( rc ){
      case SQLITE_OK:                 zName = "SQLITE_OK";                break;
      case SQLITE_ERROR:              zName = "SQLITE_ERROR";             break;
................................................................................
      case SQLITE_IOERR_FSYNC:        zName = "SQLITE_IOERR_FSYNC";       break;
      case SQLITE_IOERR_DIR_FSYNC:    zName = "SQLITE_IOERR_DIR_FSYNC";   break;
      case SQLITE_IOERR_TRUNCATE:     zName = "SQLITE_IOERR_TRUNCATE";    break;
      case SQLITE_IOERR_FSTAT:        zName = "SQLITE_IOERR_FSTAT";       break;
      case SQLITE_IOERR_UNLOCK:       zName = "SQLITE_IOERR_UNLOCK";      break;
      case SQLITE_IOERR_RDLOCK:       zName = "SQLITE_IOERR_RDLOCK";      break;
      case SQLITE_IOERR_DELETE:       zName = "SQLITE_IOERR_DELETE";      break;

      case SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM:        zName = "SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM";       break;
      case SQLITE_IOERR_ACCESS:       zName = "SQLITE_IOERR_ACCESS";      break;
      case SQLITE_IOERR_CHECKRESERVEDLOCK:
                                zName = "SQLITE_IOERR_CHECKRESERVEDLOCK"; break;
      case SQLITE_IOERR_LOCK:         zName = "SQLITE_IOERR_LOCK";        break;
      case SQLITE_IOERR_CLOSE:        zName = "SQLITE_IOERR_CLOSE";       break;
      case SQLITE_IOERR_DIR_CLOSE:    zName = "SQLITE_IOERR_DIR_CLOSE";   break;
................................................................................
  SQLITE_MAX_COLUMN,
  SQLITE_MAX_EXPR_DEPTH,
  SQLITE_MAX_COMPOUND_SELECT,
  SQLITE_MAX_VDBE_OP,
  SQLITE_MAX_FUNCTION_ARG,
  SQLITE_MAX_ATTACHED,
  SQLITE_MAX_LIKE_PATTERN_LENGTH,
  SQLITE_MAX_VARIABLE_NUMBER,      /* IMP: R-38091-32352 */
  SQLITE_MAX_TRIGGER_DEPTH,
};

/*
** Make sure the hard limits are set to reasonable values
*/
#if SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH<100
................................................................................
#endif
#if SQLITE_MAX_VDBE_OP<40
# error SQLITE_MAX_VDBE_OP must be at least 40
#endif
#if SQLITE_MAX_FUNCTION_ARG<0 || SQLITE_MAX_FUNCTION_ARG>1000
# error SQLITE_MAX_FUNCTION_ARG must be between 0 and 1000
#endif
#if SQLITE_MAX_ATTACHED<0 || SQLITE_MAX_ATTACHED>125
# error SQLITE_MAX_ATTACHED must be between 0 and 125
#endif
#if SQLITE_MAX_LIKE_PATTERN_LENGTH<1
# error SQLITE_MAX_LIKE_PATTERN_LENGTH must be at least 1
#endif
#if SQLITE_MAX_COLUMN>32767
# error SQLITE_MAX_COLUMN must not exceed 32767
#endif
................................................................................
    ** is called immediately after installing the new callback and the return
    ** value from sqlite3FaultSim(0) becomes the return from
    ** sqlite3_test_control().
    */
    case SQLITE_TESTCTRL_FAULT_INSTALL: {
      /* MSVC is picky about pulling func ptrs from va lists.
      ** http://support.microsoft.com/kb/47961
      ** sqlite3GlobalConfig.xTestCallback = va_arg(ap, int(*)(int));
      */
      typedef int(*TESTCALLBACKFUNC_t)(int);
      sqlite3GlobalConfig.xTestCallback = va_arg(ap, TESTCALLBACKFUNC_t);
      rc = sqlite3FaultSim(0);
      break;
    }

    /*
    **  sqlite3_test_control(BENIGN_MALLOC_HOOKS, xBegin, xEnd)
    **
................................................................................
      typedef void (*branch_callback)(void*,int,u8,u8);
      sqlite3GlobalConfig.xVdbeBranch = va_arg(ap,branch_callback);
      sqlite3GlobalConfig.pVdbeBranchArg = va_arg(ap,void*);
#endif
      break;
    }

    /*   sqlite3_test_control(SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ISINIT);
    **
    ** Return SQLITE_OK if SQLite has been initialized and SQLITE_ERROR if
    ** not.
    */
    case SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ISINIT: {
      if( sqlite3GlobalConfig.isInit==0 ) rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
      break;
    }

  }
  va_end(ap);
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST */
  return rc;
}

/*
................................................................................
SQLITE_API sqlite3_int64 sqlite3_uri_int64(
  const char *zFilename,    /* Filename as passed to xOpen */
  const char *zParam,       /* URI parameter sought */
  sqlite3_int64 bDflt       /* return if parameter is missing */
){
  const char *z = sqlite3_uri_parameter(zFilename, zParam);
  sqlite3_int64 v;
  if( z && sqlite3DecOrHexToI64(z, &v)==SQLITE_OK ){
    bDflt = v;
  }
  return bDflt;
}

/*
** Return the Btree pointer identified by zDbName.  Return NULL if not found.
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Fts3MsrOvfl(Fts3Cursor *, Fts3MultiSegReader *, int *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Fts3MsrIncrRestart(Fts3MultiSegReader *pCsr);

/* fts3_tokenize_vtab.c */
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Fts3InitTok(sqlite3*, Fts3Hash *);

/* fts3_unicode2.c (functions generated by parsing unicode text files) */
#ifndef SQLITE_DISABLE_FTS3_UNICODE
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3FtsUnicodeFold(int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3FtsUnicodeIsalnum(int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3FtsUnicodeIsdiacritic(int);
#endif

#endif /* !SQLITE_CORE || SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3 */
#endif /* _FTSINT_H */
................................................................................
**
** Calling sqlite3Fts3SimpleTokenizerModule() sets the value pointed
** to by the argument to point to the "simple" tokenizer implementation.
** And so on.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Fts3SimpleTokenizerModule(sqlite3_tokenizer_module const**ppModule);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Fts3PorterTokenizerModule(sqlite3_tokenizer_module const**ppModule);
#ifndef SQLITE_DISABLE_FTS3_UNICODE
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Fts3UnicodeTokenizer(sqlite3_tokenizer_module const**ppModule);
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_ICU
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Fts3IcuTokenizerModule(sqlite3_tokenizer_module const**ppModule);
#endif

/*
................................................................................
** function is called by the sqlite3_extension_init() entry point.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Fts3Init(sqlite3 *db){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  Fts3Hash *pHash = 0;
  const sqlite3_tokenizer_module *pSimple = 0;
  const sqlite3_tokenizer_module *pPorter = 0;
#ifndef SQLITE_DISABLE_FTS3_UNICODE
  const sqlite3_tokenizer_module *pUnicode = 0;
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_ICU
  const sqlite3_tokenizer_module *pIcu = 0;
  sqlite3Fts3IcuTokenizerModule(&pIcu);
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_DISABLE_FTS3_UNICODE
  sqlite3Fts3UnicodeTokenizer(&pUnicode);
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
  rc = sqlite3Fts3InitTerm(db);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
#endif
................................................................................
  }

  /* Load the built-in tokenizers into the hash table */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( sqlite3Fts3HashInsert(pHash, "simple", 7, (void *)pSimple)
     || sqlite3Fts3HashInsert(pHash, "porter", 7, (void *)pPorter) 

#ifndef SQLITE_DISABLE_FTS3_UNICODE
     || sqlite3Fts3HashInsert(pHash, "unicode61", 10, (void *)pUnicode) 
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_ICU
     || (pIcu && sqlite3Fts3HashInsert(pHash, "icu", 4, (void *)pIcu))
#endif
    ){
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
................................................................................

    while( rc==SQLITE_OK && SQLITE_ROW==sqlite3_step(pStmt) ){
      i64 iDocid = sqlite3_column_int64(pStmt, 0);
      int iLang = langidFromSelect(p, pStmt);
      int iCol;

      for(iCol=0; rc==SQLITE_OK && iCol<p->nColumn; iCol++){
        if( p->abNotindexed[iCol]==0 ){
          const char *zText = (const char *)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, iCol+1);
          int nText = sqlite3_column_bytes(pStmt, iCol+1);
          sqlite3_tokenizer_cursor *pT = 0;

          rc = sqlite3Fts3OpenTokenizer(p->pTokenizer, iLang, zText, nText,&pT);
          while( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
            char const *zToken;       /* Buffer containing token */
            int nToken = 0;           /* Number of bytes in token */
            int iDum1 = 0, iDum2 = 0; /* Dummy variables */
            int iPos = 0;             /* Position of token in zText */

            rc = pModule->xNext(pT, &zToken, &nToken, &iDum1, &iDum2, &iPos);
            if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
              int i;
              cksum2 = cksum2 ^ fts3ChecksumEntry(
                  zToken, nToken, iLang, 0, iDocid, iCol, iPos
              );
              for(i=1; i<p->nIndex; i++){
                if( p->aIndex[i].nPrefix<=nToken ){
                  cksum2 = cksum2 ^ fts3ChecksumEntry(
                      zToken, p->aIndex[i].nPrefix, iLang, i, iDocid, iCol, iPos
                  );
                }
              }
            }
          }
          if( pT ) pModule->xClose(pT);
          if( rc==SQLITE_DONE ) rc = SQLITE_OK;
        }
      }
    }

    sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
  }

  *pbOk = (cksum1==cksum2);
................................................................................
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
******************************************************************************
**
** Implementation of the "unicode" full-text-search tokenizer.
*/

#ifndef SQLITE_DISABLE_FTS3_UNICODE

#if !defined(SQLITE_CORE) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3)

/* #include <assert.h> */
/* #include <stdlib.h> */
/* #include <stdio.h> */
/* #include <string.h> */
................................................................................
  pNew = (unicode_tokenizer *) sqlite3_malloc(sizeof(unicode_tokenizer));
  if( pNew==NULL ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  memset(pNew, 0, sizeof(unicode_tokenizer));
  pNew->bRemoveDiacritic = 1;

  for(i=0; rc==SQLITE_OK && i<nArg; i++){
    const char *z = azArg[i];
    int n = (int)strlen(z);

    if( n==19 && memcmp("remove_diacritics=1", z, 19)==0 ){
      pNew->bRemoveDiacritic = 1;
    }
    else if( n==19 && memcmp("remove_diacritics=0", z, 19)==0 ){
      pNew->bRemoveDiacritic = 0;
    }
................................................................................
  int *pnToken,                   /* OUT: Number of bytes at *paToken */
  int *piStart,                   /* OUT: Starting offset of token */
  int *piEnd,                     /* OUT: Ending offset of token */
  int *piPos                      /* OUT: Position integer of token */
){
  unicode_cursor *pCsr = (unicode_cursor *)pC;
  unicode_tokenizer *p = ((unicode_tokenizer *)pCsr->base.pTokenizer);
  int iCode = 0;
  char *zOut;
  const unsigned char *z = &pCsr->aInput[pCsr->iOff];
  const unsigned char *zStart = z;
  const unsigned char *zEnd;
  const unsigned char *zTerm = &pCsr->aInput[pCsr->nInput];

  /* Scan past any delimiter characters before the start of the next token.
................................................................................
    if( z>=zTerm ) break;
    READ_UTF8(z, zTerm, iCode);
  }while( unicodeIsAlnum(p, iCode) 
       || sqlite3FtsUnicodeIsdiacritic(iCode)
  );

  /* Set the output variables and return. */
  pCsr->iOff = (int)(z - pCsr->aInput);
  *paToken = pCsr->zToken;
  *pnToken = (int)(zOut - pCsr->zToken);
  *piStart = (int)(zStart - pCsr->aInput);
  *piEnd = (int)(zEnd - pCsr->aInput);
  *piPos = pCsr->iToken++;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Set *ppModule to a pointer to the sqlite3_tokenizer_module 
** structure for the unicode tokenizer.
................................................................................
    unicodeNext,
    0,
  };
  *ppModule = &module;
}

#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_CORE) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3) */
#endif /* ifndef SQLITE_DISABLE_FTS3_UNICODE */

/************** End of fts3_unicode.c ****************************************/
/************** Begin file fts3_unicode2.c ***********************************/
/*
** 2012 May 25
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
................................................................................
******************************************************************************
*/

/*
** DO NOT EDIT THIS MACHINE GENERATED FILE.
*/

#ifndef SQLITE_DISABLE_FTS3_UNICODE
#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS4)

/* #include <assert.h> */

/*
** Return true if the argument corresponds to a unicode codepoint
** classified as either a letter or a number. Otherwise false.
................................................................................
  ** The most significant 22 bits in each 32-bit value contain the first 
  ** codepoint in the range. The least significant 10 bits are used to store
  ** the size of the range (always at least 1). In other words, the value 
  ** ((C<<22) + N) represents a range of N codepoints starting with codepoint 
  ** C. It is not possible to represent a range larger than 1023 codepoints 
  ** using this format.
  */
  static const unsigned int aEntry[] = {
    0x00000030, 0x0000E807, 0x00016C06, 0x0001EC2F, 0x0002AC07,
    0x0002D001, 0x0002D803, 0x0002EC01, 0x0002FC01, 0x00035C01,
    0x0003DC01, 0x000B0804, 0x000B480E, 0x000B9407, 0x000BB401,
    0x000BBC81, 0x000DD401, 0x000DF801, 0x000E1002, 0x000E1C01,
    0x000FD801, 0x00120808, 0x00156806, 0x00162402, 0x00163C01,
    0x00164437, 0x0017CC02, 0x00180005, 0x00181816, 0x00187802,
    0x00192C15, 0x0019A804, 0x0019C001, 0x001B5001, 0x001B580F,
................................................................................
    0xFFFFFFFF, 0xFC00FFFF, 0xF8000001, 0xF8000001,
  };

  if( c<128 ){
    return ( (aAscii[c >> 5] & (1 << (c & 0x001F)))==0 );
  }else if( c<(1<<22) ){
    unsigned int key = (((unsigned int)c)<<10) | 0x000003FF;
    int iRes = 0;
    int iHi = sizeof(aEntry)/sizeof(aEntry[0]) - 1;
    int iLo = 0;
    while( iHi>=iLo ){
      int iTest = (iHi + iLo) / 2;
      if( key >= aEntry[iTest] ){
        iRes = iTest;
        iLo = iTest+1;
................................................................................
      iLo = iTest+1;
    }else{
      iHi = iTest-1;
    }
  }
  assert( key>=aDia[iRes] );
  return ((c > (aDia[iRes]>>3) + (aDia[iRes]&0x07)) ? c : (int)aChar[iRes]);
}


/*
** Return true if the argument interpreted as a unicode codepoint
** is a diacritical modifier character.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3FtsUnicodeIsdiacritic(int c){
................................................................................
  else if( c>=66560 && c<66600 ){
    ret = c + 40;
  }

  return ret;
}
#endif /* defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS4) */
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_DISABLE_FTS3_UNICODE) */

/************** End of fts3_unicode2.c ***************************************/
/************** Begin file rtree.c *******************************************/
/*
** 2001 September 15
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
................................................................................
  RtreeNode *pRoot = 0;
  int ii;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  int iCell = 0;

  rtreeReference(pRtree);

  /* Reset the cursor to the same state as rtreeOpen() leaves it in. */
  freeCursorConstraints(pCsr);

  sqlite3_free(pCsr->aPoint);
  memset(pCsr, 0, sizeof(RtreeCursor));
  pCsr->base.pVtab = (sqlite3_vtab*)pRtree;

  pCsr->iStrategy = idxNum;
  if( idxNum==1 ){
    /* Special case - lookup by rowid. */
    RtreeNode *pLeaf;        /* Leaf on which the required cell resides */
    RtreeSearchPoint *p;     /* Search point for the the leaf */
    i64 iRowid = sqlite3_value_int64(argv[0]);
    i64 iNode = 0;
    rc = findLeafNode(pRtree, iRowid, &pLeaf, &iNode);

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** string contains the date and time of the check-in (UTC) and an SHA1
** hash of the entire source tree.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.8.5"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3008005
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2014-06-02 11:26:33 9f18b303cd1bc5779d82669884f802c7889b4947"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version, sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
#endif

/*
** CAPI3REF: Closing A Database Connection
**
** ^The sqlite3_close() and sqlite3_close_v2() routines are destructors
** for the [sqlite3] object.
** ^Calls to sqlite3_close() and sqlite3_close_v2() return SQLITE_OK if
** the [sqlite3] object is successfully destroyed and all associated
** resources are deallocated.
**
** ^If the database connection is associated with unfinalized prepared
** statements or unfinished sqlite3_backup objects then sqlite3_close()
** will leave the database connection open and return [SQLITE_BUSY].
** ^If sqlite3_close_v2() is called with unfinalized prepared statements
** and unfinished sqlite3_backups, then the database connection becomes
** an unusable "zombie" which will automatically be deallocated when the
** last prepared statement is finalized or the last sqlite3_backup is
** finished.  The sqlite3_close_v2() interface is intended for use with
** host languages that are garbage collected, and where the order in which
** destructors are called is arbitrary.
**
** Applications should [sqlite3_finalize | finalize] all [prepared statements],
** [sqlite3_blob_close | close] all [BLOB handles], and 
** [sqlite3_backup_finish | finish] all [sqlite3_backup] objects associated
** with the [sqlite3] object prior to attempting to close the object.  ^If
** sqlite3_close_v2() is called on a [database connection] that still has
** outstanding [prepared statements], [BLOB handles], and/or
** [sqlite3_backup] objects then it returns SQLITE_OK but the deallocation
** of resources is deferred until all [prepared statements], [BLOB handles],
** and [sqlite3_backup] objects are also destroyed.
**
** ^If an [sqlite3] object is destroyed while a transaction is open,
** the transaction is automatically rolled back.
**
** The C parameter to [sqlite3_close(C)] and [sqlite3_close_v2(C)]
................................................................................
  int (*callback)(void*,int,char**,char**),  /* Callback function */
  void *,                                    /* 1st argument to callback */
  char **errmsg                              /* Error msg written here */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Result Codes
** KEYWORDS: SQLITE_OK {error code} {error codes}
** KEYWORDS: {result code} {result codes}
**
** Many SQLite functions return an integer result code from the set shown
** here in order to indicate success or failure.
**
** New error codes may be added in future versions of SQLite.
**
** See also: [SQLITE_IOERR_READ | extended result codes],
** [sqlite3_vtab_on_conflict()] [SQLITE_ROLLBACK | result codes].
*/
#define SQLITE_OK           0   /* Successful result */
/* beginning-of-error-codes */
#define SQLITE_ERROR        1   /* SQL error or missing database */
#define SQLITE_INTERNAL     2   /* Internal logic error in SQLite */
#define SQLITE_PERM         3   /* Access permission denied */
#define SQLITE_ABORT        4   /* Callback routine requested an abort */
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_WARNING     28   /* Warnings from sqlite3_log() */
#define SQLITE_ROW         100  /* sqlite3_step() has another row ready */
#define SQLITE_DONE        101  /* sqlite3_step() has finished executing */
/* end-of-error-codes */

/*
** CAPI3REF: Extended Result Codes
** KEYWORDS: {extended error code} {extended error codes}
** KEYWORDS: {extended result code} {extended result codes}
**
** In its default configuration, SQLite API routines return one of 26 integer
** [SQLITE_OK | result codes].  However, experience has shown that many of
** these result codes are too coarse-grained.  They do not provide as
** much information about problems as programmers might like.  In an effort to
** address this, newer versions of SQLite (version 3.3.8 and later) include
** support for additional result codes that provide more detailed information
** about errors. The extended result codes are enabled or disabled
** on a per database connection basis using the
** [sqlite3_extended_result_codes()] API.
**
** Some of the available extended result codes are listed here.
** One may expect the number of extended result codes will increase
** over time.  Software that uses extended result codes should expect
** to see new result codes in future releases of SQLite.
**
** The SQLITE_OK result code will never be extended.  It will always
** be exactly zero.
*/
#define SQLITE_IOERR_READ              (SQLITE_IOERR | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_SHORT_READ        (SQLITE_IOERR | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_WRITE             (SQLITE_IOERR | (3<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_FSYNC             (SQLITE_IOERR | (4<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_DIR_FSYNC         (SQLITE_IOERR | (5<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_TRUNCATE          (SQLITE_IOERR | (6<<8))
................................................................................
** integer opcode.  The third argument is a generic pointer intended to
** point to a structure that may contain arguments or space in which to
** write return values.  Potential uses for xFileControl() might be
** functions to enable blocking locks with timeouts, to change the
** locking strategy (for example to use dot-file locks), to inquire
** about the status of a lock, or to break stale locks.  The SQLite
** core reserves all opcodes less than 100 for its own use.
** A [SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE | list of opcodes] less than 100 is available.
** Applications that define a custom xFileControl method should use opcodes
** greater than 100 to avoid conflicts.  VFS implementations should
** return [SQLITE_NOTFOUND] for file control opcodes that they do not
** recognize.
**
** The xSectorSize() method returns the sector size of the
** device that underlies the file.  The sector size is the
................................................................................
  int (*xUnfetch)(sqlite3_file*, sqlite3_int64 iOfst, void *p);
  /* Methods above are valid for version 3 */
  /* Additional methods may be added in future releases */
};

/*
** CAPI3REF: Standard File Control Opcodes

**
** These integer constants are opcodes for the xFileControl method
** of the [sqlite3_io_methods] object and for the [sqlite3_file_control()]
** interface.
**
** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE] opcode is used for debugging.  This
** opcode causes the xFileControl method to write the current state of
................................................................................
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_complete(const char *sql);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_complete16(const void *sql);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Register A Callback To Handle SQLITE_BUSY Errors
**
** ^This routine sets a callback function that might be invoked whenever

** an attempt is made to open a database table that another thread

** or process has locked.


**
** ^If the busy callback is NULL, then [SQLITE_BUSY] or [SQLITE_IOERR_BLOCKED]
** is returned immediately upon encountering the lock.  ^If the busy callback
** is not NULL, then the callback might be invoked with two arguments.
**
** ^The first argument to the busy handler is a copy of the void* pointer which
** is the third argument to sqlite3_busy_handler().  ^The second argument to
** the busy handler callback is the number of times that the busy handler has
** been invoked for this locking event.  ^If the
** busy callback returns 0, then no additional attempts are made to
** access the database and [SQLITE_BUSY] or [SQLITE_IOERR_BLOCKED] is returned.

** ^If the callback returns non-zero, then another attempt
** is made to open the database for reading and the cycle repeats.

**
** The presence of a busy handler does not guarantee that it will be invoked
** when there is lock contention. ^If SQLite determines that invoking the busy
** handler could result in a deadlock, it will go ahead and return [SQLITE_BUSY]
** or [SQLITE_IOERR_BLOCKED] instead of invoking the busy handler.

** Consider a scenario where one process is holding a read lock that
** it is trying to promote to a reserved lock and
** a second process is holding a reserved lock that it is trying
** to promote to an exclusive lock.  The first process cannot proceed
** because it is blocked by the second and the second process cannot
** proceed because it is blocked by the first.  If both processes
** invoke the busy handlers, neither will make any progress.  Therefore,
** SQLite returns [SQLITE_BUSY] for the first process, hoping that this
** will induce the first process to release its read lock and allow
** the second process to proceed.
**
** ^The default busy callback is NULL.
**
** ^The [SQLITE_BUSY] error is converted to [SQLITE_IOERR_BLOCKED]
** when SQLite is in the middle of a large transaction where all the
** changes will not fit into the in-memory cache.  SQLite will
** already hold a RESERVED lock on the database file, but it needs
** to promote this lock to EXCLUSIVE so that it can spill cache
** pages into the database file without harm to concurrent
** readers.  ^If it is unable to promote the lock, then the in-memory
** cache will be left in an inconsistent state and so the error
** code is promoted from the relatively benign [SQLITE_BUSY] to
** the more severe [SQLITE_IOERR_BLOCKED].  ^This error code promotion
** forces an automatic rollback of the changes.  See the
** <a href="/cvstrac/wiki?p=CorruptionFollowingBusyError">
** CorruptionFollowingBusyError</a> wiki page for a discussion of why
** this is important.
**
** ^(There can only be a single busy handler defined for each
** [database connection].  Setting a new busy handler clears any
** previously set handler.)^  ^Note that calling [sqlite3_busy_timeout()]
** will also set or clear the busy handler.

**
** The busy callback should not take any actions which modify the
** database connection that invoked the busy handler.  Any such actions

** result in undefined behavior.
** 
** A busy handler must not close the database connection
** or [prepared statement] that invoked the busy handler.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_busy_handler(sqlite3*, int(*)(void*,int), void*);

................................................................................
** CAPI3REF: Set A Busy Timeout
**
** ^This routine sets a [sqlite3_busy_handler | busy handler] that sleeps
** for a specified amount of time when a table is locked.  ^The handler
** will sleep multiple times until at least "ms" milliseconds of sleeping
** have accumulated.  ^After at least "ms" milliseconds of sleeping,
** the handler returns 0 which causes [sqlite3_step()] to return
** [SQLITE_BUSY] or [SQLITE_IOERR_BLOCKED].
**
** ^Calling this routine with an argument less than or equal to zero
** turns off all busy handlers.
**
** ^(There can only be a single busy handler for a particular
** [database connection] any any given moment.  If another busy handler
** was defined  (using [sqlite3_busy_handler()]) prior to calling
** this routine, that other busy handler is cleared.)^


*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_busy_timeout(sqlite3*, int ms);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Convenience Routines For Running Queries
**
** This is a legacy interface that is preserved for backwards compatibility.
................................................................................
**
** The [sqlite3_set_authorizer | authorizer callback function] must
** return either [SQLITE_OK] or one of these two constants in order
** to signal SQLite whether or not the action is permitted.  See the
** [sqlite3_set_authorizer | authorizer documentation] for additional
** information.
**
** Note that SQLITE_IGNORE is also used as a [SQLITE_ROLLBACK | return code]
** from the [sqlite3_vtab_on_conflict()] interface.
*/
#define SQLITE_DENY   1   /* Abort the SQL statement with an error */
#define SQLITE_IGNORE 2   /* Don't allow access, but don't generate an error */

/*
** CAPI3REF: Authorizer Action Codes
**
................................................................................
**
** ^(If this global variable is made to point to a string which is
** the name of a folder (a.k.a. directory), then all temporary files
** created by SQLite when using a built-in [sqlite3_vfs | VFS]
** will be placed in that directory.)^  ^If this variable
** is a NULL pointer, then SQLite performs a search for an appropriate
** temporary file directory.







**
** It is not safe to read or modify this variable in more than one
** thread at a time.  It is not safe to read or modify this variable
** if a [database connection] is being used at the same time in a separate
** thread.
** It is intended that this variable be set once
** as part of process initialization and before any SQLite interface
................................................................................
** the [temp_store_directory pragma] always assumes that any string
** that this variable points to is held in memory obtained from 
** [sqlite3_malloc] and the pragma may attempt to free that memory
** using [sqlite3_free].
** Hence, if this variable is modified directly, either it should be
** made NULL or made to point to memory obtained from [sqlite3_malloc]
** or else the use of the [temp_store_directory pragma] should be avoided.





**
** <b>Note to Windows Runtime users:</b>  The temporary directory must be set
** prior to calling [sqlite3_open] or [sqlite3_open_v2].  Otherwise, various
** features that require the use of temporary files may fail.  Here is an
** example of how to do this using C++ with the Windows Runtime:
**
** <blockquote><pre>
................................................................................
** to sqlite3_mutex_alloc() is one of these integer constants:
**
** <ul>
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM2
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PRNG
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_LRU
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_LRU2


** </ul>)^
**
** ^The first two constants (SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST and SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE)
** cause sqlite3_mutex_alloc() to create
** a new mutex.  ^The new mutex is recursive when SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE
** is used but not necessarily so when SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST is used.
** The mutex implementation does not need to make a distinction
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM       3  /* sqlite3_malloc() */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM2      4  /* NOT USED */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_OPEN      4  /* sqlite3BtreeOpen() */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PRNG      5  /* sqlite3_random() */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_LRU       6  /* lru page list */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_LRU2      7  /* NOT USED */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PMEM      7  /* sqlite3PageMalloc() */




/*
** CAPI3REF: Retrieve the mutex for a database connection
**
** ^This interface returns a pointer the [sqlite3_mutex] object that 
** serializes access to the [database connection] given in the argument
** when the [threading mode] is Serialized.
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ISKEYWORD               16
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_SCRATCHMALLOC           17
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_LOCALTIME_FAULT         18
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_EXPLAIN_STMT            19
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_NEVER_CORRUPT           20
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_VDBE_COVERAGE           21
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_BYTEORDER               22

#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_LAST                    22

/*
** CAPI3REF: SQLite Runtime Status
**
** ^This interface is used to retrieve runtime status information
** about the performance of SQLite, and optionally to reset various
** highwater marks.  ^The first argument is an integer code for
................................................................................
** ^The callback registered by this function replaces any existing callback
** registered using [sqlite3_wal_hook()].  ^Likewise, registering a callback
** using [sqlite3_wal_hook()] disables the automatic checkpoint mechanism
** configured by this function.
**
** ^The [wal_autocheckpoint pragma] can be used to invoke this interface
** from SQL.



**
** ^Every new [database connection] defaults to having the auto-checkpoint
** enabled with a threshold of 1000 or [SQLITE_DEFAULT_WAL_AUTOCHECKPOINT]
** pages.  The use of this interface
** is only necessary if the default setting is found to be suboptimal
** for a particular application.
*/
................................................................................
** CAPI3REF: Checkpoint a database
**
** ^The [sqlite3_wal_checkpoint(D,X)] interface causes database named X
** on [database connection] D to be [checkpointed].  ^If X is NULL or an
** empty string, then a checkpoint is run on all databases of
** connection D.  ^If the database connection D is not in
** [WAL | write-ahead log mode] then this interface is a harmless no-op.




**
** ^The [wal_checkpoint pragma] can be used to invoke this interface
** from SQL.  ^The [sqlite3_wal_autocheckpoint()] interface and the
** [wal_autocheckpoint pragma] can be used to cause this interface to be
** run whenever the WAL reaches a certain size threshold.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2()]
................................................................................
** eMode parameter:
**
** <dl>
** <dt>SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE<dd>
**   Checkpoint as many frames as possible without waiting for any database 
**   readers or writers to finish. Sync the db file if all frames in the log
**   are checkpointed. This mode is the same as calling 
**   sqlite3_wal_checkpoint(). The busy-handler callback is never invoked.

**
** <dt>SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_FULL<dd>
**   This mode blocks (calls the busy-handler callback) until there is no

**   database writer and all readers are reading from the most recent database
**   snapshot. It then checkpoints all frames in the log file and syncs the
**   database file. This call blocks database writers while it is running,
**   but not database readers.
**
** <dt>SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_RESTART<dd>
**   This mode works the same way as SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_FULL, except after 
**   checkpointing the log file it blocks (calls the busy-handler callback)

**   until all readers are reading from the database file only. This ensures 
**   that the next client to write to the database file restarts the log file 
**   from the beginning. This call blocks database writers while it is running,
**   but not database readers.
** </dl>
**
** If pnLog is not NULL, then *pnLog is set to the total number of frames in
................................................................................
** of the SQL statement that triggered the call to the [xUpdate] method of the
** [virtual table].
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_vtab_on_conflict(sqlite3 *);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Conflict resolution modes

**
** These constants are returned by [sqlite3_vtab_on_conflict()] to
** inform a [virtual table] implementation what the [ON CONFLICT] mode
** is for the SQL statement being evaluated.
**
** Note that the [SQLITE_IGNORE] constant is also used as a potential
** return value from the [sqlite3_set_authorizer()] callback and that







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** string contains the date and time of the check-in (UTC) and an SHA1
** hash of the entire source tree.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.8.6"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3008006
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2014-08-15 11:46:33 9491ba7d738528f168657adb43a198238abde19e"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version, sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
#endif

/*
** CAPI3REF: Closing A Database Connection
**
** ^The sqlite3_close() and sqlite3_close_v2() routines are destructors
** for the [sqlite3] object.
** ^Calls to sqlite3_close() and sqlite3_close_v2() return [SQLITE_OK] if
** the [sqlite3] object is successfully destroyed and all associated
** resources are deallocated.
**
** ^If the database connection is associated with unfinalized prepared
** statements or unfinished sqlite3_backup objects then sqlite3_close()
** will leave the database connection open and return [SQLITE_BUSY].
** ^If sqlite3_close_v2() is called with unfinalized prepared statements
** and/or unfinished sqlite3_backups, then the database connection becomes
** an unusable "zombie" which will automatically be deallocated when the
** last prepared statement is finalized or the last sqlite3_backup is
** finished.  The sqlite3_close_v2() interface is intended for use with
** host languages that are garbage collected, and where the order in which
** destructors are called is arbitrary.
**
** Applications should [sqlite3_finalize | finalize] all [prepared statements],
** [sqlite3_blob_close | close] all [BLOB handles], and 
** [sqlite3_backup_finish | finish] all [sqlite3_backup] objects associated
** with the [sqlite3] object prior to attempting to close the object.  ^If
** sqlite3_close_v2() is called on a [database connection] that still has
** outstanding [prepared statements], [BLOB handles], and/or
** [sqlite3_backup] objects then it returns [SQLITE_OK] and the deallocation
** of resources is deferred until all [prepared statements], [BLOB handles],
** and [sqlite3_backup] objects are also destroyed.
**
** ^If an [sqlite3] object is destroyed while a transaction is open,
** the transaction is automatically rolled back.
**
** The C parameter to [sqlite3_close(C)] and [sqlite3_close_v2(C)]
................................................................................
  int (*callback)(void*,int,char**,char**),  /* Callback function */
  void *,                                    /* 1st argument to callback */
  char **errmsg                              /* Error msg written here */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Result Codes

** KEYWORDS: {result code definitions}
**
** Many SQLite functions return an integer result code from the set shown
** here in order to indicate success or failure.
**
** New error codes may be added in future versions of SQLite.
**
** See also: [extended result code definitions]

*/
#define SQLITE_OK           0   /* Successful result */
/* beginning-of-error-codes */
#define SQLITE_ERROR        1   /* SQL error or missing database */
#define SQLITE_INTERNAL     2   /* Internal logic error in SQLite */
#define SQLITE_PERM         3   /* Access permission denied */
#define SQLITE_ABORT        4   /* Callback routine requested an abort */
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_WARNING     28   /* Warnings from sqlite3_log() */
#define SQLITE_ROW         100  /* sqlite3_step() has another row ready */
#define SQLITE_DONE        101  /* sqlite3_step() has finished executing */
/* end-of-error-codes */

/*
** CAPI3REF: Extended Result Codes

** KEYWORDS: {extended result code definitions}
**
** In its default configuration, SQLite API routines return one of 30 integer
** [result codes].  However, experience has shown that many of
** these result codes are too coarse-grained.  They do not provide as
** much information about problems as programmers might like.  In an effort to
** address this, newer versions of SQLite (version 3.3.8 and later) include
** support for additional result codes that provide more detailed information
** about errors. These [extended result codes] are enabled or disabled
** on a per database connection basis using the
** [sqlite3_extended_result_codes()] API.  Or, the extended code for
** the most recent error can be obtained using
** [sqlite3_extended_errcode()].






*/
#define SQLITE_IOERR_READ              (SQLITE_IOERR | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_SHORT_READ        (SQLITE_IOERR | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_WRITE             (SQLITE_IOERR | (3<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_FSYNC             (SQLITE_IOERR | (4<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_DIR_FSYNC         (SQLITE_IOERR | (5<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_TRUNCATE          (SQLITE_IOERR | (6<<8))
................................................................................
** integer opcode.  The third argument is a generic pointer intended to
** point to a structure that may contain arguments or space in which to
** write return values.  Potential uses for xFileControl() might be
** functions to enable blocking locks with timeouts, to change the
** locking strategy (for example to use dot-file locks), to inquire
** about the status of a lock, or to break stale locks.  The SQLite
** core reserves all opcodes less than 100 for its own use.
** A [file control opcodes | list of opcodes] less than 100 is available.
** Applications that define a custom xFileControl method should use opcodes
** greater than 100 to avoid conflicts.  VFS implementations should
** return [SQLITE_NOTFOUND] for file control opcodes that they do not
** recognize.
**
** The xSectorSize() method returns the sector size of the
** device that underlies the file.  The sector size is the
................................................................................
  int (*xUnfetch)(sqlite3_file*, sqlite3_int64 iOfst, void *p);
  /* Methods above are valid for version 3 */
  /* Additional methods may be added in future releases */
};

/*
** CAPI3REF: Standard File Control Opcodes
** KEYWORDS: {file control opcodes} {file control opcode}
**
** These integer constants are opcodes for the xFileControl method
** of the [sqlite3_io_methods] object and for the [sqlite3_file_control()]
** interface.
**
** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE] opcode is used for debugging.  This
** opcode causes the xFileControl method to write the current state of
................................................................................
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_complete(const char *sql);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_complete16(const void *sql);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Register A Callback To Handle SQLITE_BUSY Errors
**
** ^The sqlite3_busy_handler(D,X,P) routine sets a callback function X
** that might be invoked with argument P whenever
** an attempt is made to access a database table associated with
** [database connection] D when another thread
** or process has the table locked.
** The sqlite3_busy_handler() interface is used to implement
** [sqlite3_busy_timeout()] and [PRAGMA busy_timeout].
**
** ^If the busy callback is NULL, then [SQLITE_BUSY]
** is returned immediately upon encountering the lock.  ^If the busy callback
** is not NULL, then the callback might be invoked with two arguments.
**
** ^The first argument to the busy handler is a copy of the void* pointer which
** is the third argument to sqlite3_busy_handler().  ^The second argument to
** the busy handler callback is the number of times that the busy handler has
** been invoked for the same locking event.  ^If the
** busy callback returns 0, then no additional attempts are made to
** access the database and [SQLITE_BUSY] is returned
** to the application.
** ^If the callback returns non-zero, then another attempt

** is made to access the database and the cycle repeats.
**
** The presence of a busy handler does not guarantee that it will be invoked
** when there is lock contention. ^If SQLite determines that invoking the busy
** handler could result in a deadlock, it will go ahead and return [SQLITE_BUSY]
** to the application instead of invoking the 
** busy handler.
** Consider a scenario where one process is holding a read lock that
** it is trying to promote to a reserved lock and
** a second process is holding a reserved lock that it is trying
** to promote to an exclusive lock.  The first process cannot proceed
** because it is blocked by the second and the second process cannot
** proceed because it is blocked by the first.  If both processes
** invoke the busy handlers, neither will make any progress.  Therefore,
** SQLite returns [SQLITE_BUSY] for the first process, hoping that this
** will induce the first process to release its read lock and allow
** the second process to proceed.
**
** ^The default busy callback is NULL.
**















** ^(There can only be a single busy handler defined for each
** [database connection].  Setting a new busy handler clears any
** previously set handler.)^  ^Note that calling [sqlite3_busy_timeout()]
** or evaluating [PRAGMA busy_timeout=N] will change the
** busy handler and thus clear any previously set busy handler.
**
** The busy callback should not take any actions which modify the
** database connection that invoked the busy handler.  In other words,
** the busy handler is not reentrant.  Any such actions
** result in undefined behavior.
** 
** A busy handler must not close the database connection
** or [prepared statement] that invoked the busy handler.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_busy_handler(sqlite3*, int(*)(void*,int), void*);

................................................................................
** CAPI3REF: Set A Busy Timeout
**
** ^This routine sets a [sqlite3_busy_handler | busy handler] that sleeps
** for a specified amount of time when a table is locked.  ^The handler
** will sleep multiple times until at least "ms" milliseconds of sleeping
** have accumulated.  ^After at least "ms" milliseconds of sleeping,
** the handler returns 0 which causes [sqlite3_step()] to return
** [SQLITE_BUSY].
**
** ^Calling this routine with an argument less than or equal to zero
** turns off all busy handlers.
**
** ^(There can only be a single busy handler for a particular
** [database connection] any any given moment.  If another busy handler
** was defined  (using [sqlite3_busy_handler()]) prior to calling
** this routine, that other busy handler is cleared.)^
**
** See also:  [PRAGMA busy_timeout]
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_busy_timeout(sqlite3*, int ms);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Convenience Routines For Running Queries
**
** This is a legacy interface that is preserved for backwards compatibility.
................................................................................
**
** The [sqlite3_set_authorizer | authorizer callback function] must
** return either [SQLITE_OK] or one of these two constants in order
** to signal SQLite whether or not the action is permitted.  See the
** [sqlite3_set_authorizer | authorizer documentation] for additional
** information.
**
** Note that SQLITE_IGNORE is also used as a [conflict resolution mode]
** returned from the [sqlite3_vtab_on_conflict()] interface.
*/
#define SQLITE_DENY   1   /* Abort the SQL statement with an error */
#define SQLITE_IGNORE 2   /* Don't allow access, but don't generate an error */

/*
** CAPI3REF: Authorizer Action Codes
**
................................................................................
**
** ^(If this global variable is made to point to a string which is
** the name of a folder (a.k.a. directory), then all temporary files
** created by SQLite when using a built-in [sqlite3_vfs | VFS]
** will be placed in that directory.)^  ^If this variable
** is a NULL pointer, then SQLite performs a search for an appropriate
** temporary file directory.
**
** Applications are strongly discouraged from using this global variable.
** It is required to set a temporary folder on Windows Runtime (WinRT).
** But for all other platforms, it is highly recommended that applications
** neither read nor write this variable.  This global variable is a relic
** that exists for backwards compatibility of legacy applications and should
** be avoided in new projects.
**
** It is not safe to read or modify this variable in more than one
** thread at a time.  It is not safe to read or modify this variable
** if a [database connection] is being used at the same time in a separate
** thread.
** It is intended that this variable be set once
** as part of process initialization and before any SQLite interface
................................................................................
** the [temp_store_directory pragma] always assumes that any string
** that this variable points to is held in memory obtained from 
** [sqlite3_malloc] and the pragma may attempt to free that memory
** using [sqlite3_free].
** Hence, if this variable is modified directly, either it should be
** made NULL or made to point to memory obtained from [sqlite3_malloc]
** or else the use of the [temp_store_directory pragma] should be avoided.
** Except when requested by the [temp_store_directory pragma], SQLite
** does not free the memory that sqlite3_temp_directory points to.  If
** the application wants that memory to be freed, it must do
** so itself, taking care to only do so after all [database connection]
** objects have been destroyed.
**
** <b>Note to Windows Runtime users:</b>  The temporary directory must be set
** prior to calling [sqlite3_open] or [sqlite3_open_v2].  Otherwise, various
** features that require the use of temporary files may fail.  Here is an
** example of how to do this using C++ with the Windows Runtime:
**
** <blockquote><pre>
................................................................................
** to sqlite3_mutex_alloc() is one of these integer constants:
**
** <ul>
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_OPEN
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PRNG
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_LRU
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PMEM
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP1
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP2
** </ul>)^
**
** ^The first two constants (SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST and SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE)
** cause sqlite3_mutex_alloc() to create
** a new mutex.  ^The new mutex is recursive when SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE
** is used but not necessarily so when SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST is used.
** The mutex implementation does not need to make a distinction
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM       3  /* sqlite3_malloc() */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM2      4  /* NOT USED */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_OPEN      4  /* sqlite3BtreeOpen() */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PRNG      5  /* sqlite3_random() */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_LRU       6  /* lru page list */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_LRU2      7  /* NOT USED */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PMEM      7  /* sqlite3PageMalloc() */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP1      8  /* For use by application */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP2      9  /* For use by application */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP3     10  /* For use by application */

/*
** CAPI3REF: Retrieve the mutex for a database connection
**
** ^This interface returns a pointer the [sqlite3_mutex] object that 
** serializes access to the [database connection] given in the argument
** when the [threading mode] is Serialized.
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ISKEYWORD               16
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_SCRATCHMALLOC           17
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_LOCALTIME_FAULT         18
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_EXPLAIN_STMT            19
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_NEVER_CORRUPT           20
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_VDBE_COVERAGE           21
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_BYTEORDER               22
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ISINIT                  23
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_LAST                    23

/*
** CAPI3REF: SQLite Runtime Status
**
** ^This interface is used to retrieve runtime status information
** about the performance of SQLite, and optionally to reset various
** highwater marks.  ^The first argument is an integer code for
................................................................................
** ^The callback registered by this function replaces any existing callback
** registered using [sqlite3_wal_hook()].  ^Likewise, registering a callback
** using [sqlite3_wal_hook()] disables the automatic checkpoint mechanism
** configured by this function.
**
** ^The [wal_autocheckpoint pragma] can be used to invoke this interface
** from SQL.
**
** ^Checkpoints initiated by this mechanism are
** [sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2|PASSIVE].
**
** ^Every new [database connection] defaults to having the auto-checkpoint
** enabled with a threshold of 1000 or [SQLITE_DEFAULT_WAL_AUTOCHECKPOINT]
** pages.  The use of this interface
** is only necessary if the default setting is found to be suboptimal
** for a particular application.
*/
................................................................................
** CAPI3REF: Checkpoint a database
**
** ^The [sqlite3_wal_checkpoint(D,X)] interface causes database named X
** on [database connection] D to be [checkpointed].  ^If X is NULL or an
** empty string, then a checkpoint is run on all databases of
** connection D.  ^If the database connection D is not in
** [WAL | write-ahead log mode] then this interface is a harmless no-op.
** ^The [sqlite3_wal_checkpoint(D,X)] interface initiates a
** [sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2|PASSIVE] checkpoint.
** Use the [sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2()] interface to get a FULL
** or RESET checkpoint.
**
** ^The [wal_checkpoint pragma] can be used to invoke this interface
** from SQL.  ^The [sqlite3_wal_autocheckpoint()] interface and the
** [wal_autocheckpoint pragma] can be used to cause this interface to be
** run whenever the WAL reaches a certain size threshold.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2()]
................................................................................
** eMode parameter:
**
** <dl>
** <dt>SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE<dd>
**   Checkpoint as many frames as possible without waiting for any database 
**   readers or writers to finish. Sync the db file if all frames in the log
**   are checkpointed. This mode is the same as calling 
**   sqlite3_wal_checkpoint(). The [sqlite3_busy_handler|busy-handler callback]
**   is never invoked.
**
** <dt>SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_FULL<dd>
**   This mode blocks (it invokes the
**   [sqlite3_busy_handler|busy-handler callback]) until there is no
**   database writer and all readers are reading from the most recent database
**   snapshot. It then checkpoints all frames in the log file and syncs the
**   database file. This call blocks database writers while it is running,
**   but not database readers.
**
** <dt>SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_RESTART<dd>
**   This mode works the same way as SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_FULL, except after 
**   checkpointing the log file it blocks (calls the 
**   [sqlite3_busy_handler|busy-handler callback])
**   until all readers are reading from the database file only. This ensures 
**   that the next client to write to the database file restarts the log file 
**   from the beginning. This call blocks database writers while it is running,
**   but not database readers.
** </dl>
**
** If pnLog is not NULL, then *pnLog is set to the total number of frames in
................................................................................
** of the SQL statement that triggered the call to the [xUpdate] method of the
** [virtual table].
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_vtab_on_conflict(sqlite3 *);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Conflict resolution modes
** KEYWORDS: {conflict resolution mode}
**
** These constants are returned by [sqlite3_vtab_on_conflict()] to
** inform a [virtual table] implementation what the [ON CONFLICT] mode
** is for the SQL statement being evaluated.
**
** Note that the [SQLITE_IGNORE] constant is also used as a potential
** return value from the [sqlite3_set_authorizer()] callback and that