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1.0 About SQLite Requirements

2.0 List Of Requirements

R-00013-61831-22423-62410-56475-12017-42000-15640

The key comes first and is separated from the value by a single "=" character. (source uri.html)

R-00090-24248-38638-40643-10159-25596-30389-07024

The third argument, aCoord[], is an array of nCoord coordinates that defines a bounding box to be tested. (source rtree.html)

R-00099-40772-25508-42886-05693-46370-34145-00683

Simply setting the locking-mode to NORMAL is not enough - locks are not released until the next time the database file is accessed. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma04.test)

R-00109-30887-26782-37306-11423-15179-45221-18025

A virtual table module is created by filling in a persistent instance of this structure and passing a pointer to that instance to sqlite3_create_module() or sqlite3_create_module_v2(). (source c3ref/module.html)

R-00110-20874-52504-15299-56251-38354-26784-53834

SQLITE_TOOBIG might be returned if the size of a string or BLOB exceeds limits imposed by sqlite3_limit(SQLITE_LIMIT_LENGTH) or SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH. (source c3ref/bind_blob.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/vdbeapi03.test)

R-00128-02385-08643-14339-44529-60985-32045-05900


(source lang_detach.html, checked-by: th3/req1/attach01.test)

R-00140-37445-57377-20863-40395-21152-20469-25306

SQLite automatically serializes calls to the xInit method, so the xInit method need not be threadsafe. (source c3ref/pcache_methods2.html, checked-by: src/main.c)

R-00171-59428-63637-20419-61024-28048-20428-49478

In such cases, duplicate elements are filtered before being passed into the aggregate function. (source lang_aggfunc.html, checked-by: slt/slt_lang_aggfunc.test, th3/req1/aggfunc01.test)

R-00202-17548-59772-16282-16027-29431-32424-58722

The outer query is not an aggregate or the subquery does not contain ORDER BY. (source optoverview.html)

R-00203-32193-54208-20071-18893-56924-36288-02453

Contrary to the intuition of many, sqlite3_reset() does not reset the bindings on a prepared statement. (source c3ref/clear_bindings.html, checked-by: th3/req1/clearbind01.test)

R-00206-08174-12423-08291-28017-31720-33784-40037

Assuming there are no other indices, the query above would result in a full table scan. (source optoverview.html)

R-00217-01605-34207-18386-37017-37707-31164-60184

To create a WITHOUT ROWID table, simply add the keywords "WITHOUT ROWID" to the end of the CREATE TABLE statement. For example: CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS wordcount( word TEXT PRIMARY KEY, cnt INTEGER ) WITHOUT ROWID; (source withoutrowid.html, checked-by: tcl/without_rowid5.test, th3/cov1/withoutrowid01.test)

R-00227-21080-37302-15362-03285-23826-51380-28642

A UNIQUE constraint is similar to a PRIMARY KEY constraint, except that a single table may have any number of UNIQUE constraints. (source lang_createtable.html, checked-by: tcl/e_createtable.test)

R-00243-07929-08239-44820-61576-27318-53216-12960

If the declared type of the column contains any of the strings "CHAR", "CLOB", or "TEXT" then that column has TEXT affinity. (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_01.test)

R-00279-52283-49814-15354-28909-18424-55374-18430

Returning to the example in section 1, each time an application deletes a row from the artist table (the parent table), it performs the equivalent of the following SELECT statement to search for referencing rows in the track table (the child table). SELECT rowid FROM track WHERE trackartist = ? where ? in the above is replaced with the value of the artistid column of the record being deleted from the artist table (recall that the trackartist column is the child key and the artistid column is the parent key). (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys10.test)

R-00293-64994-39339-33419-11494-64597-05681-15697

This SQL function is implemented using the sqlite3_result_zeroblob() routine from the C/C++ interface. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: src/func.c)

R-00311-09993-39149-44899-64441-18371-52816-22132

aConstraint[].usable is TRUE if the expr on the right-hand side can be evaluated (and thus the constraint is usable) and false if it cannot. (source c3ref/index_info.html)

R-00336-65009-59389-29167-11927-65433-48801-33923

PRAGMA temp_store; PRAGMA temp_store = 0 | DEFAULT | 1 | FILE | 2 | MEMORY; Query or change the setting of the "temp_store" parameter. (source pragma.html)

R-00353-01851-44275-08807-26330-41077-52452-65296

The subquery and outer query do not both use LIMIT. (source optoverview.html)

R-00359-41639-41144-27010-59632-30416-37191-53432

The view definition is removed from the database schema, but no actual data in the underlying base tables is modified. (source lang_dropview.html, checked-by: slt/slt_lang_dropview.test, tcl/e_dropview.test)

R-00376-39212-00900-22873-65373-47922-05493-41094

If the parent key columns have a UNIQUE index, then that index must use the collation sequences that are specified in the CREATE TABLE statement for the parent table. (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys07.test)

R-00402-11496-45496-40393-08263-15231-62727-28991

The filename argument can be a URI filename if URI filename processing is enable on the database connection. (source lang_attach.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/sharedcache03.test)

R-00404-17670-59562-50305-44521-33242-04500-48832

For the purposes of UNIQUE constraints, NULL values are considered distinct from all other values, including other NULLs. (source lang_createtable.html, checked-by: tcl/e_createtable.test)

R-00416-37972-26105-59380-00814-31989-13044-05972

When the right operand of an IN or NOT IN operator is a subquery, the subquery must have a single result column. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: slt/in2.test)

R-00421-53597-33844-16365-55873-40811-64785-22587

The sqlite3_get_table() function evaluates one or more semicolon-separated SQL statements in the zero-terminated UTF-8 string of its 2nd parameter and returns a result table to the pointer given in its 3rd parameter. (source c3ref/free_table.html, checked-by: th3/req1/gettable01.test)

R-00449-33772-33919-59402-60829-28733-22208-04727

This feature allows WAL databases to be created, read, and written by legacy VFSes that lack the "version 2" shared-memory methods xShmMap, xShmLock, xShmBarrier, and xShmUnmap on the sqlite3_io_methods object. (source wal.html, checked-by: tcl/e_wal.test, th3/req1/pragma05.test)

R-00466-56349-41436-38164-40851-28282-49107-17370

In any aggregate function that takes a single argument, that argument can be preceded by the keyword DISTINCT. (source lang_aggfunc.html, checked-by: slt/slt_lang_aggfunc.test, th3/req1/aggfunc01.test)

R-00515-56855-31188-51684-43616-15583-54594-04320

Unless the flattening optimization is applied, if a subquery appears in the FROM clause of a SELECT statement, SQLite executes the subquery and stores the results in a temporary table. It then uses the contents of the temporary table in place of the subquery to execute the parent query. (source eqp.html, checked-by: th3/req1/eqp01.test)

R-00576-15510-24475-53838-43505-45493-44918-44548

Statistics gathered by ANALYZE are not automatically updated as the content of the database changes. (source lang_analyze.html, checked-by: th3/req1/analyze01.test)

R-00598-03741-13790-05735-40657-11548-64969-46486

A negative LIMIT value is interpreted as "no limit". (source lang_delete.html, checked-by: tcl/e_delete.test)

R-00605-14249-27716-38234-38428-32294-04406-05104

Note that column must be the same column in every OR-connected subterm, although the column can occur on either the left or the right side of the = operator. (source optoverview.html)

R-00640-12624-18808-26941-05585-54150-12700-55718

The expression "x BETWEEN y and z" is logically equivalent to two comparisons "x >= y AND x <= z" and works with respect to collating functions as if it were two separate comparisons. (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_10.test)

R-00642-33308-41224-35675-55737-09446-61662-61976


(source lang_select.html)

R-00660-06687-37276-33282-42397-40638-27737-43602

If additional page cache memory is needed beyond what is provided by this option, then SQLite goes to sqlite3_malloc() for the additional storage space. (source c3ref/c_config_covering_index_scan.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/main42.test)

R-00693-36727-57706-32123-30185-00000-05163-54607

The legacy xGeom callback is invoked with four arguments. (source rtree.html)

R-00695-31519-05206-48434-15068-58741-03264-34333

The COMMIT command may be used to release all savepoints and commit the transaction even if the transaction was originally started by a SAVEPOINT command instead of a BEGIN command. (source lang_savepoint.html)

R-00717-60341-45862-31619-05346-22343-41612-42650

Ptrmap pages must exist in any database file which has a non-zero largest root b-tree page value at offset 52 in the database header. (source fileformat2.html)

R-00767-44770-16975-15707-27043-13440-51014-32740

Compute the number of days since the signing of the US Declaration of Independence. SELECT julianday('now') - julianday('1776-07-04'); (source lang_datefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/date01.test)

R-00820-56127-32552-48001-55340-02932-17552-54138

The cache sharing mode set by this interface effects all subsequent calls to sqlite3_open(), sqlite3_open_v2(), and sqlite3_open16(). Existing database connections continue use the sharing mode that was in effect at the time they were opened. (source c3ref/enable_shared_cache.html)

R-00862-05326-51946-26490-09320-50697-05494-49603

If neither argument to nullif() defines a collating function then the BINARY is used. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/func03.test)

R-00888-53115-42960-22822-38463-42827-06390-25797

The prefix option must be set to a comma separated list of positive non-zero integers. (source fts3.html)

R-00917-09393-39202-02128-36060-48881-52217-44853

If no database name is specified and the TEMP keyword is not present then the table is created in the main database. (source lang_createtable.html, checked-by: tcl/e_createtable.test)

R-00918-16997-33541-06619-01421-44106-53820-17907

For each value N in the list, prefixes of length N bytes (when encoded using UTF-8) are indexed. (source fts3.html)

R-00971-36933-64386-25480-59601-44057-12316-57384

These routines return 1 if the input string appears to be a complete SQL statement. (source c3ref/complete.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/complete01.test)

R-00980-39256-56998-08744-11771-59211-03196-47897

A SELECT statement enclosed in parentheses may appear as a scalar quantity. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-01040-26324-57141-34957-01130-02284-37283-35215

If sqlite3_close_v2() is called with unfinalized prepared statements and/or unfinished sqlite3_backups, then the database connection becomes an unusable "zombie" which will automatically be deallocated when the last prepared statement is finalized or the last sqlite3_backup is finished. (source c3ref/close.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/main39.test)

R-01060-48788-51013-07543-20121-01838-30879-37400

The foreign key for table child5 is an error because even though the parent key column has a unique index, the index uses a different collating sequence. (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys07.test)

R-01065-61265-06073-23150-02508-21168-34386-35426


(source lang_savepoint.html)

R-01080-23340-38639-20728-26521-10375-12428-21631

With the legacy interface, a more specific error code (for example, SQLITE_INTERRUPT, SQLITE_SCHEMA, SQLITE_CORRUPT, and so forth) can be obtained by calling sqlite3_reset() on the prepared statement. (source c3ref/step.html)

R-01099-23153-64353-38789-60475-21260-04733-65290

The values returned by sqlite3_memory_used() and sqlite3_memory_highwater() include any overhead added by SQLite in its implementation of sqlite3_malloc(), but not overhead added by the any underlying system library routines that sqlite3_malloc() may call. (source c3ref/memory_highwater.html)

R-01232-54838-06099-51737-48729-53565-23196-29255

It is usually an error to attempt to create a new table in a database that already contains a table, index or view of the same name. (source lang_createtable.html, checked-by: tcl/e_createtable.test)

R-01244-21922-18443-41581-31463-56152-20699-08111

If X is a NULL pointer then sqlite3_msize(X) returns zero. (source c3ref/free.html, checked-by: th3/req1/malloc02.test)

R-01255-31602-49480-12710-05718-10731-47284-31520

The second form (with a numeric argument) sets the limit for the specified database, or for all databases if the optional database name is omitted. (source pragma.html)

R-01256-01950-44319-11761-57126-19053-46711-18121

If neither ALL or DISTINCT are present, then the behavior is as if ALL were specified. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-01265-50598-22943-30233-54647-62239-07339-33462

The result of load_extension() is always a NULL. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/func03.test)

R-01277-06213-42474-53306-49270-01327-38555-55249

This function sets the database handle error code and message. (source c3ref/blob_reopen.html, checked-by: th3/req1/blob01.test)

R-01283-11636-17384-60742-28077-41928-22950-29282

The unlikely(X) function is short-hand for likelihood(X,0.0625). (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: src/resolve.c)

R-01298-38284-36243-26684-29926-32770-62313-39537

The sqlite_source_id() function returns a string that identifies the specific version of the source code that was used to build the SQLite library. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/func04.test)

R-01335-41434-49669-14652-18813-14877-14788-28819

Hence, the histogram data which is collected no left-most column of indices is useless in helping to choose between the range constraints on columns x and y. (source optoverview.html)

R-01379-47306-55874-35809-24668-39985-05961-47226

Before any information-bearing page of the database is modified, the original unmodified content of that page is written into the rollback journal. (source fileformat2.html)

R-01391-64022-44610-46114-55308-14246-64441-26910

The "sz=NNN" argument (where NNN represents a sequence of 1 or more digits) means that the average row size over all records of the table or index is NNN bytes per row. (source fileformat2.html)

R-01402-03601-05785-14929-05185-63336-09442-11982

If the statement that caused the trigger program to execute is itself part of a trigger program, then that trigger program resumes execution at the beginning of the next step. (source lang_createtrigger.html)

R-01418-51310-13172-45959-27772-51956-15619-12685

However, only "rowid" works as the keyword in the CREATE TABLE statement. (source withoutrowid.html, checked-by: tcl/without_rowid5.test, th3/cov1/withoutrowid01.test)

R-01448-06859-29804-04457-45951-59563-33373-60665

When xSavepoint(X,N) is invoked, that is a signal to the virtual table X that it should save its current state as savepoint N. (source vtab.html)

R-01450-11152-28406-58151-44531-37891-10618-14069

As the components of a compound SELECT must be simple SELECT statements, they may not contain ORDER BY or LIMIT clauses. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-01461-33534-36548-25495-56547-17079-32518-24565

The sqlite_stat4.sample BLOB for the WITHOUT ROWID table itself contains just the columns of the primary key. (source fileformat2.html)

R-01463-03846-55774-41515-18498-48278-35486-16549

The DROP TABLE statement removes a table added with the CREATE TABLE statement. (source lang_droptable.html, checked-by: slt/slt_lang_droptable.test)

R-01544-29257-62595-06861-33076-18858-48075-56444

Note that max() is a simple function when it has 2 or more arguments but operates as an aggregate function if given only a single argument. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/func05.test)

R-01587-15367-52926-43879-39292-01582-45706-36467

xUnpin() is called by SQLite with a pointer to a currently pinned page as its second argument. (source c3ref/pcache_methods2.html)

R-01592-27714-26694-24809-12949-19667-58343-14650

When the EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN phrase appears, the statement returns high-level information regarding the query plan that would have been used. (source lang_explain.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/vdbeaux01.test, th3/req1/eqp01.test)

R-01608-60102-65317-52352-30720-05415-32906-61116

If the implicit DELETE FROM causes any deferred foreign key constraints to be violated, and the violations still exist when the transaction is committed, an error is returned at the time of commit. (source lang_droptable.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/fkey24.test)

R-01612-30877-07572-17003-08953-37118-55537-45996

The "vfs" parameter may be used to specify the name of a VFS object that provides the operating system interface that should be used to access the database file on disk. (source c3ref/open.html, checked-by: tcl/e_uri.test)

R-01646-09830-46955-17168-41197-07539-61822-63814

The schema of the sqlite_stat3 table is as follows: CREATE TABLE sqlite_stat3(tbl,idx,nEq,nLt,nDLt,sample); (source fileformat2.html)

R-01657-56062-21514-26101-33318-02641-12137-32631


(source lang_altertable.html)

R-01707-21292-14865-10862-25623-35625-38879-45651

It is safe to call this routine from a thread different from the thread that is currently running the database operation. (source c3ref/interrupt.html)

R-01724-22761-13278-31858-02106-19568-34768-00701

If the sub-query is a compound select, then it must not use an ORDER BY clause. (source optoverview.html)

R-01750-40559-52065-12470-48383-41757-44468-25443

SQLite always opens immutable database files read-only and it skips all file locking and change detection on immutable database files. (source uri.html)

R-01766-15387-49282-35089-26578-35550-62519-17422

The third argument is the value to bind to the parameter. (source c3ref/bind_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/bind01.test)

R-01766-56079-01675-00227-41454-02515-08725-53568

These functions return information about the Nth result column returned by the statement, where N is the second function argument. (source c3ref/column_database_name.html)

R-01862-45642-20021-42706-06373-08124-48431-44069

SQLite automatically frees the memory allocated by sqlite3_aggregate_context() when the aggregate query concludes. (source c3ref/aggregate_context.html, checked-by: th3/req1/aggcntx01.test)

R-02002-57504-34434-01583-03603-06723-12633-24185

Any triggers attached to the table are dropped from the database schema before the implicit DELETE FROM is executed, so this cannot cause any triggers to fire. (source lang_droptable.html, checked-by: th3/req1/droptable01.test)

R-02005-53466-64191-45009-56070-04146-49679-01840

This option is used to enable or disable triggers. (source c3ref/c_dbconfig_enable_fkey.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/main34.test)

R-02045-23762-08268-15190-44661-50351-03152-06188

This character may be used in the LIKE pattern to include literal percent or underscore characters. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-02054-15343-41665-64514-11380-36685-28202-41617

For the purposes of detecting duplicate rows, two NULL values are considered to be equal. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-02060-64547-35959-63655-11509-53404-59087-08290

A NOT NULL constraint may only be attached to a column definition, not specified as a table constraint. (source lang_createtable.html, checked-by: tcl/e_createtable.test)

R-02063-40503-04157-38005-61496-25541-17209-31219

The 2nd argument to the sqlite3_exec() callback function is the number of columns in the result. (source c3ref/exec.html, checked-by: th3/req1/exec01.test)

R-02065-49465-15222-26040-51715-24674-62882-64380

The left-hand side of the LIKE or GLOB operator must be the name of an indexed column with TEXT affinity. (source optoverview.html, checked-by: src/where.c, th3/req1/like01.test)

R-02204-63196-34665-25585-57735-42246-07132-57008

The net effect is that putting the ON or USING clause expressions for a LEFT JOIN in the WHERE clause effectively converts the query to an ordinary INNER JOIN - albeit an inner join that runs more slowly. (source optoverview.html)

R-02223-49279-19512-29951-11875-18036-12006-07318

Subject to filtering associated with the DISTINCT keyword, the number of rows returned by an aggregate query with a GROUP BY clause is the same as the number of groups of rows produced by applying the GROUP BY and HAVING clauses to the filtered input dataset. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-02287-33529-57702-51380-05125-54682-23740-46632

The shadow tables are ordinary SQLite data tables. (source rtree.html)

R-02313-46896-62483-09816-33283-33292-64343-33302

The subquery is not the right operand of a left outer join. (source optoverview.html)

R-02336-39303-27290-23991-25845-02494-13210-07983

The value returned is one of SQLITE_ROLLBACK, SQLITE_IGNORE, SQLITE_FAIL, SQLITE_ABORT, or SQLITE_REPLACE, according to the ON CONFLICT mode of the SQL statement that triggered the call to the xUpdate method of the virtual table. (source c3ref/vtab_on_conflict.html)

R-02345-65444-60943-14398-34223-24956-21175-03626

Columns of the result set include the index name and a flag to indicate whether or not the index is UNIQUE. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma15.test)

R-02347-27622-26500-11854-22896-16033-00883-33051

The %n format is silently ignored and does not consume an argument. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: tcl/printf2.test, th3/cov1/printf08.test)

R-02355-51069-10404-51667-09139-26886-58872-12048

The sqlite3_initialize() routine initializes the SQLite library. (source c3ref/initialize.html)

R-02402-03425-02840-42627-65060-52098-37241-46689

SQLite has three built-in collating functions: BINARY, NOCASE, and RTRIM. (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_09.test)

R-02424-24769-08747-39368-55205-12781-22154-40957

The second argument is the number of coordinates in each r-tree entry, and is always the same for any given R*Tree. (source rtree.html)

R-02445-31643-12462-38565-43200-47259-24553-56004

The first two constants (SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST and SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE) cause sqlite3_mutex_alloc() to create a new mutex. (source c3ref/mutex_alloc.html)

R-02452-55255-23051-52258-05350-24145-51359-57873

This in-memory database will vanish when the database connection is closed. (source c3ref/open.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/sharedcache03.test)

R-02526-60953-53079-20441-57017-47857-19506-30877

Formats 8 through 10 that specify only a time assume a date of 2000-01-01. (source lang_datefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/date01.test)

R-02535-05811-23269-15824-03293-63258-54375-28501

One can explicitly change out of WAL mode using a pragma such as this: PRAGMA journal_mode=DELETE; (source wal.html, checked-by: tcl/e_wal.test)

R-02545-26933-18999-48013-24665-54880-01582-10256

PRAGMA stats; (source pragma.html)

R-02552-35840-06241-57542-28930-20966-35259-36291

If the filename is an empty string, then a private, temporary on-disk database will be created. (source c3ref/open.html)

R-02559-29055-33962-47817-36688-50556-57969-25403

The built-in functions used to implement LIKE and GLOB must not have been overloaded using the sqlite3_create_function() API. (source optoverview.html)

R-02573-31629-30846-62353-22365-28558-65513-55729

The cast is carried through even if it is lossy and irreversible. (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_06.test)

R-02595-18934-38766-26109-36357-54761-54151-36696

The wal_checkpoint pragma can be used to invoke this interface from SQL. (source c3ref/wal_checkpoint.html)

R-02612-37947-62500-41847-13282-34946-09245-20088

The filename for the database to be attached is the value of the expression that occurs before the AS keyword. (source lang_attach.html, checked-by: th3/req1/attach01.test)

R-02650-36887-21025-17890-26577-45175-39281-30209

PRAGMA cache_size; PRAGMA cache_size = pages; PRAGMA cache_size = -kibibytes; Query or change the suggested maximum number of database disk pages that SQLite will hold in memory at once per open database file. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma09.test)

R-02661-56399-16863-16765-39256-52589-25619-21380

If the result of the evaluating the LIMIT clause cannot be losslessly converted to an integer value, it is an error. (source lang_delete.html, checked-by: tcl/e_delete.test)

R-02679-20590-41366-48266-29489-18564-45161-10655

This function may load one or more schemas from database files. If an error occurs during this process, or if the requested table or column cannot be found, an error code is returned and an error message left in the database connection (to be retrieved using sqlite3_errmsg()). (source c3ref/table_column_metadata.html)

R-02718-64874-37028-59587-06155-35657-39180-35629

zProc may be 0, in which case SQLite will try to come up with an entry point name on its own. It first tries "sqlite3_extension_init". If that does not work, it constructs a name "sqlite3_X_init" where the X is consists of the lower-case equivalent of all ASCII alphabetic characters in the filename from the last "/" to the first following "." and omitting any initial "lib". (source c3ref/load_extension.html)

R-02723-34107-58585-29932-59518-10370-60775-12212

Note that it is not necessary for all coordinates in an R*Tree index to be constrained in order for the index search to be efficient. (source rtree.html)

R-02748-19096-10502-39344-29556-06426-40271-21454

This option sets the threading mode to Single-thread. (source c3ref/c_config_covering_index_scan.html)

R-02752-50091-50763-13370-06213-52053-61647-05504

A cast of a REAL value into an INTEGER results in the integer between the REAL value and zero that is closest to the REAL value. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-02762-06118-02091-47563-07775-65228-64836-17683

If one operand has TEXT affinity and the other has NONE affinity, then TEXT affinity is applied to the other operand. (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/affinity01.test, th3/req1/datatype3_05.test)

R-02776-14802-36986-43055-33540-06058-61102-35501

The cell pointer array consists of K 2-byte integer offsets to the cell contents. (source fileformat2.html)

R-02781-38257-61601-52824-21453-60365-23021-11331

The name of the database or table or column can be returned as either a UTF-8 or UTF-16 string. (source c3ref/column_database_name.html)

R-02811-30532-06780-49040-22686-08574-20833-13918

The multi-argument min() function returns the argument with the minimum value. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/func02.test, th3/req1/func03.test)

R-02823-24537-56381-41482-05439-43543-17760-52541

All journal headers within the same journal must contain the same database page size and sector size. (source fileformat2.html)

R-02824-47636-45772-64521-23830-46233-52625-44302

Cautious programmers might include assert() statements in their application to verify that values returned by these interfaces match the macros in the header, and thus insure that the application is compiled with matching library and header files. assert( sqlite3_libversion_number()==SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER ); assert( strcmp(sqlite3_sourceid(),SQLITE_SOURCE_ID)==0 ); assert( strcmp(sqlite3_libversion(),SQLITE_VERSION)==0 ); (source c3ref/libversion.html, checked-by: th3/th3main.c)

R-02834-55381-03461-31664-23015-51190-16436-44295

Compute the date and time given a unix timestamp 1092941466, and compensate for your local timezone. SELECT datetime(1092941466, 'unixepoch', 'localtime'); (source lang_datefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/date01.test)

R-02854-44844-25004-52722-20972-43816-38252-26758

Transactions created using BEGIN...COMMIT do not nest. (source lang_transaction.html)

R-02961-26666-41829-02507-08304-47031-60058-62132

A power failure or program crash or OS crash will cause the outer-most transaction to rollback, undoing all changes that have occurred within that outer transaction, even changes that have supposedly been "committed" by the RELEASE command. (source lang_savepoint.html)

R-02967-39447-48493-62980-07323-62892-07266-03012

But there can not be gaps in the columns of the index that are used. (source optoverview.html)

R-02982-34736-45462-50381-10151-04149-50124-39087

In order to maintain full backwards compatibility for legacy applications, the URI filename capability is disabled by default. (source uri.html, checked-by: src/global.c)

R-03014-26414-56458-20281-20451-13984-34730-16215

If the LIMIT expression evaluates to a negative value, then there is no upper bound on the number of rows returned. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-03031-24356-65405-31144-24091-48279-38334-39454

First, queries against the primary key are efficient: SELECT * FROM demo_index WHERE id=1; (source rtree.html)

R-03040-34580-06414-61878-61161-08528-60209-55771

To change auto-vacuum modes, first use the auto_vacuum pragma to set the new desired mode, then invoke the VACUUM command to reorganize the entire database file. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma07.test)

R-03108-01565-06076-29544-14093-00699-65398-01477

If sqlite3_backup_step() cannot obtain a required file-system lock, then the busy-handler function is invoked (if one is specified). (source c3ref/backup_finish.html)

R-03108-55458-13871-22315-35483-39116-29628-08970

The memory space used to hold strings and BLOBs is freed automatically. (source c3ref/column_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/column01.test, th3/req1/column02.test, th3/req1/column03.test)

R-03108-63659-37525-03634-22905-61973-06931-63842

The English language error message for foreign key DML errors is usually "foreign key mismatch" but can also be "no such table" if the parent table does not exist. (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys07.test)

R-03145-46390-59121-11550-39703-00062-43990-26586

This function closes an open BLOB handle. (source c3ref/blob_close.html, checked-by: tcl/e_blobclose.test)

R-03152-62612-16815-38242-09328-52021-06080-07878

If aConstraintUsage[].omit is true, then the constraint is assumed to be fully handled by the virtual table and is not checked again by SQLite. (source c3ref/index_info.html)

R-03153-51711-62729-48073-48955-48855-20367-13139

Then an efficient way to find the name of all objects located within the North Carolina 12th District, one may be to run a query like this: SELECT objname FROM demo_data, demo_index WHERE demo_data.id=demo_index.id AND contained_in(demo_data.boundary, :boundary) AND minX>=-81.0 AND maxX=35.0 AND maxY (source rtree.html)

R-03236-28327-53832-55698-26984-08951-20811-30621

The callback function registered by sqlite3_profile() is invoked as each SQL statement finishes. (source c3ref/profile.html)

R-03263-59522-08977-47312-04173-07916-12369-56758

In formats 4, 7, and 10, the fractional seconds value SS.SSS can have one or more digits following the decimal point. Exactly three digits are shown in the examples because only the first three digits are significant to the result, but the input string can have fewer or more than three digits and the date/time functions will still operate correctly. (source lang_datefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/date01.test)

R-03353-05327-21191-28288-58549-30161-65035-16573

If the configured action is "SET NULL", then when a parent key is deleted (for ON DELETE SET NULL) or modified (for ON UPDATE SET NULL), the child key columns of all rows in the child table that mapped to the parent key are set to contain SQL NULL values. (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys16.test)

R-03364-08004-01846-16626-35041-21418-01059-33152

This saves disk I/O but at the expense of database safety and integrity. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma25.test)

R-03371-37637-45197-41040-02325-30195-01599-52807

A value of 2 means UTF-16le. (source fileformat2.html)

R-03384-16988-56342-27113-15582-23905-61625-46605

If the 4th parameter to the sqlite3_result_text* interfaces or sqlite3_result_blob is a non-NULL pointer, then SQLite calls that function as the destructor on the text or BLOB result when it has finished using that result. (source c3ref/result_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/result02.test)

R-03387-12896-30110-08033-64260-38467-31820-29841

For a trigger, the tbl_name column stores the name of the table or view that causes the trigger to fire. (source fileformat2.html)

R-03407-11483-10764-04340-16731-05555-54147-57723

Each term of the ORDER BY clause is processed separately and may be matched against result columns from different SELECT statements in the compound. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-03415-51114-16877-13927-48292-50475-12409-45422

This routine returns SQLITE_OK if shared cache was enabled or disabled successfully. An error code is returned otherwise. (source c3ref/enable_shared_cache.html)

R-03421-22330-15487-45434-55764-30375-36326-03914

The REPLACE command is an alias for the "INSERT OR REPLACE" variant of the INSERT command. (source lang_replace.html, checked-by: slt/slt_lang_replace.test, tcl/e_insert.test, th3/req1/replace01.test)

R-03421-57988-17823-20871-36963-31591-05991-31026

If the SELECT statement is a simple SELECT, then an ORDER BY may contain any arbitrary expressions. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-03473-60719-23522-47619-30011-51175-32203-58759

In an ordinary rowid table, the index entry always ends with the rowid even if the INTEGER PRIMARY KEY column is one of the columns being indexed. (source fileformat2.html)

R-03478-24050-02080-63717-24763-14107-62865-40248

Application code can delete all entries from the sqlite_sequence table, but application code cannot drop the sqlite_sequence table. (source fileformat2.html)

R-03529-13145-61172-45991-35853-35097-63918-09520

Each new VFS becomes the default VFS if the makeDflt flag is set. (source c3ref/vfs_find.html, checked-by: th3/req1/vfs01.test)

R-03640-13415-56664-14060-37000-49599-27539-06381

A value of 5 means the page is an interior table b-tree page. (source fileformat2.html)

R-03642-28175-07234-22849-20831-22837-60337-13680

For the index above and WHERE clause like this: ... WHERE a=5 AND b IN (1,2,3) AND c IS NULL AND d='hello' The first four columns a, b, c, and d of the index would be usable since those four columns form a prefix of the index and are all bound by equality constraints. (source optoverview.html)

R-03650-18079-61121-63570-57348-35510-07530-48237

The languageid option causes the FTS4 table to have an additional hidden integer column that identifies the language of the text contained in each row. (source fts3.html)

R-03669-30599-21217-06896-17769-44438-31618-26741

The SQLITE_CONFIG_LOOKASIDE option takes two arguments that determine the default size of lookaside memory on each database connection. The first argument is the size of each lookaside buffer slot and the second is the number of slots allocated to each database connection. (source c3ref/c_config_covering_index_scan.html, checked-by: th3/th3main.c)

R-03679-60639-59233-10900-40024-64867-37353-18498

Equals can be either = or ==. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-03718-56652-35720-52480-53179-27141-13621-15908

The database name is "main" for the main database, "temp" for the temporary database, or the name specified after the AS keyword in an ATTACH statement for an attached database. (source c3ref/backup_finish.html, checked-by: th3/req1/backup02.test)

R-03733-29734-34954-23072-53116-42399-24178-53918

Rowid values may be modified using an UPDATE statement in the same way as any other column value can, either using one of the built-in aliases ("rowid", "oid" or "_rowid_") or by using an alias created by an integer primary key. (source lang_createtable.html, checked-by: tcl/e_createtable.test)

R-03763-21608-02614-21475-13242-45742-42220-44388

In the legacy interface, the return value will be either SQLITE_BUSY, SQLITE_DONE, SQLITE_ROW, SQLITE_ERROR, or SQLITE_MISUSE. (source c3ref/step.html)

R-03774-63970-49348-18096-09598-62977-03168-07384

If an element of a result row is NULL then the corresponding string pointer for the sqlite3_exec() callback is a NULL pointer. (source c3ref/exec.html, checked-by: th3/req1/exec01.test)

R-03775-43471-64071-42182-04548-19220-35511-30117

For CURRENT_DATE, "YYYY-MM-DD". (source lang_createtable.html, checked-by: tcl/e_createtable.test)

R-03793-19254-25835-35208-42396-01402-31770-31653

If you ever delete rows or if you ever create a row with the maximum possible ROWID, then ROWIDs from previously deleted rows might be reused when creating new rows and newly created ROWIDs might not be in strictly ascending order. (source autoinc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/autoinc01.test)

R-03805-18240-25396-23037-09576-28411-40508-44417

This private database will be automatically deleted as soon as the database connection is closed. (source c3ref/open.html)

R-03816-21626-17112-32643-57381-58430-16315-21594

When running in shared-cache mode, a database operation may fail with an SQLITE_LOCKED error if the required locks on the shared-cache or individual tables within the shared-cache cannot be obtained. (source c3ref/unlock_notify.html)

R-03880-38961-16553-20098-36513-53865-60133-40229

If the input text contains no SQL (if the input is an empty string or a comment) then *ppStmt is set to NULL. (source c3ref/prepare.html, checked-by: th3/req1/prepare01.test)

R-03922-41160-10406-40879-23599-49045-53405-25401

If the flags parameter is zero, the BLOB is opened for read-only access. (source c3ref/blob_open.html, checked-by: tcl/e_blobopen.test)

R-03934-63400-35021-15759-28695-34964-02248-59433

However, changing from "none" to "full" or "incremental" can only occur when the database is new (no tables have yet been created) or by running the VACUUM command. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma07.test)

R-03971-55836-15694-04945-06147-03540-29941-51845

Application can invoke the SQLITE_FCNTL_TEMPFILENAME file-control to have SQLite generate a temporary filename using the same algorithm that is followed to generate temporary filenames for TEMP tables and other internal uses. (source c3ref/c_fcntl_busyhandler.html)

R-03993-24285-31190-14311-07438-62351-52230-47181

Only a single authorizer can be in place on a database connection at a time. Each call to sqlite3_set_authorizer overrides the previous call. (source c3ref/set_authorizer.html)

R-04002-25654-12640-07246-34304-59945-33194-22689

sqlite> CREATE INDEX i3 ON t1(b); sqlite> EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a=1 OR b=2; 0|0|0|SEARCH TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i2 (a=?) 0|0|0|SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i3 (b=?) (source eqp.html, checked-by: tcl/eqp.test)

R-04005-08111-39731-15170-36576-49560-64443-15597

SAVEPOINTs are a method of creating transactions, similar to BEGIN and COMMIT, except that the SAVEPOINT and RELEASE commands are named and may be nested. (source lang_savepoint.html)

R-04042-24825-64259-53667-46708-22366-11905-57675

To do so, a foreign key definition may be added by modifying the declaration of the track table to the following: CREATE TABLE track( trackid INTEGER, trackname TEXT, trackartist INTEGER, FOREIGN KEY(trackartist) REFERENCES artist(artistid) ); (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys01.test)

R-04132-09474-00805-46196-04402-30131-02139-26149

If the HAVING clause is an aggregate expression, it is evaluated across all rows in the group. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-04136-04681-09628-27696-46047-23040-33903-21102

If no collating function is explicitly defined, then the collating function defaults to BINARY. (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_09.test)

R-04156-06964-57164-01636-33935-16787-30855-09296

A call to sqlite3_interrupt(D) that occurs when there are no running SQL statements is a no-op and has no effect on SQL statements that are started after the sqlite3_interrupt() call returns. (source c3ref/interrupt.html)

R-04207-37981-22726-45777-39517-24105-18228-28404

To cast a BLOB value to TEXT, the sequence of bytes that make up the BLOB is interpreted as text encoded using the database encoding. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-04230-65027-27281-23522-50954-57493-39965-31436

This statement detaches an additional database connection previously attached using the ATTACH statement. (source lang_detach.html, checked-by: th3/req1/attach01.test)

R-04232-24861-40917-13992-27645-07811-63353-60101

Collation names that compare equal according to sqlite3_strnicmp() are considered to be the same name. (source c3ref/create_collation.html, checked-by: th3/req1/createcoll01.test)

R-04239-05140-34509-16246-41712-61041-39161-05924

The sqlite3_close() and sqlite3_close_v2() routines are destructors for the sqlite3 object. (source c3ref/close.html, checked-by: th3/th3util.c)

R-04239-46396-01814-35437-09500-15330-29656-29388

A single zero-byte separates the xOpen filename argument from the key of the first query parameters, each key and value, and each subsequent key from the prior value. (source uri.html)

R-04240-13860-65376-64948-20761-30630-14399-44960

When comparing values, if the parent key column has an affinity, then that affinity is applied to the child key value before the comparison is performed. (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys03.test)

R-04272-38653-14303-01704-38451-58113-36784-29823

The "RESTRICT" action means that the application is prohibited from deleting (for ON DELETE RESTRICT) or modifying (for ON UPDATE RESTRICT) a parent key when there exists one or more child keys mapped to it. (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys16.test)

R-04296-46022-41278-00399-17746-48209-31645-37240


(source lang_savepoint.html)

R-04300-56712-32659-65159-49842-27130-29205-32160

If the X parameter to sqlite3_realloc(X,N) is a NULL pointer then its behavior is identical to calling sqlite3_malloc(N). (source c3ref/free.html, checked-by: src/malloc.c, th3/req1/malloc02.test)

R-04304-33529-02265-14363-24121-34151-06311-12119

The first parameter "n" is the total size of the buffer, including space for the zero terminator. (source c3ref/mprintf.html, checked-by: th3/req1/malloc01.test)

R-04425-13680-18982-00806-50027-50568-09550-24420

The amount of space allocated by sqlite3_aggregate_context(C,N) is determined by the N parameter on first successful call. Changing the value of N in subsequent call to sqlite3_aggregate_context() within the same aggregate function instance will not resize the memory allocation. (source c3ref/aggregate_context.html, checked-by: th3/req1/aggcntx01.test)

R-04450-47777-14788-42766-36602-14112-22925-03409

This API is only available if the library was compiled with the SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA C-preprocessor symbol defined. (source c3ref/table_column_metadata.html)

R-04452-49349-54233-41206-52506-27116-05869-21475

When the callback returns SQLITE_DENY, the sqlite3_prepare_v2() or equivalent call that triggered the authorizer will fail with an error message explaining that access is denied. (source c3ref/set_authorizer.html)

R-04460-53386-37328-50072-27408-53032-10915-39219

The third argument is the number of slots. (source c3ref/c_dbconfig_enable_fkey.html, checked-by: src/main.c, th3/req1/dbconfig01.test)

R-04486-07266-01902-48649-32493-31514-19208-51625

Or, if the dataset contains zero rows, then each non-aggregate expression is evaluated against a row consisting entirely of NULL values. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-04527-41458-36687-16089-60868-43636-56199-14424

Automatically started transactions are committed when the last query finishes. (source lang_transaction.html)

R-04532-11527-60293-16788-37808-59040-51319-08926

The LIKE operator is case sensitive by default for unicode characters that are beyond the ASCII range. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-04558-24451-40018-59769-17015-19792-37809-52993

In this case all scalar expressions are evaluated before any assignments are made. (source lang_update.html, checked-by: slt/slt_lang_update.test, tcl/e_update.test)

R-04590-25742-08638-19768-35846-23123-16836-65435

RESTART This mode works the same way as SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_FULL, except after checkpointing the log file it blocks (calls the busy-handler callback) until all readers are reading from the database file only. (source pragma.html)

R-04656-22047-57963-06528-08042-08976-27891-34567

Example: Let the index by CREATE INDEX ex2 ON tab2(b,c) WHERE c IS NOT NULL; Then any query that uses operators =, <, >, <=, >=, <>, or IN on column "c" would be usable with the partial index because those comparison operators are only true if "c" is not NULL. (source partialindex.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/index01.test)

R-04670-35394-33055-58940-18775-32578-18606-16346

The schema of the sqlite_stat4 table is as follows: CREATE TABLE sqlite_stat4(tbl,idx,nEq,nLt,nDLt,sample); (source fileformat2.html)

R-04709-28430-14842-03600-36278-03324-37525-06420

The two syntaxes yield identical results. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma01.test)

R-04780-55815-53305-18116-10339-17181-34629-39653

The SQLITE_CONFIG_WIN32_HEAPSIZE option is only available if SQLite is compiled for Windows with the SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC pre-processor macro defined. (source c3ref/c_config_covering_index_scan.html, checked-by: src/main.c)

R-04813-30632-36613-23233-44977-18945-21013-25400

Any number of levels of indirection are allowed. (source c3ref/unlock_notify.html)

R-04813-32302-43211-64289-53860-58512-13652-55013

If a ROLLBACK operation occurs on the same database connection as a pending read or write, then the pending read or write may fail with an SQLITE_ABORT or SQLITE_ABORT_ROLLBACK error. (source rescode.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/vdbe14.test)

R-04857-57605-48133-44150-30535-05379-36560-24650

An attempt to change the journal_mode of an in-memory database to any setting other than MEMORY or OFF is ignored. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma23.test)

R-04864-61029-16829-56446-03389-34714-38812-10063

Information about the ORDER BY clause is stored in aOrderBy[]. (source c3ref/index_info.html)

R-04866-48533-13155-01244-23374-47046-07407-26580


(source lang_altertable.html)

R-04905-26881-40783-35987-17174-16580-39842-61729

SQLite uses dynamic run-time typing. (source c3ref/column_decltype.html)

R-04922-24076-20312-31472-33218-43152-59920-55175

The sqlite_compileoption_get() SQL function is a wrapper around the sqlite3_compileoption_get() C/C++ function. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: src/func.c, th3/cov1/ctime02.test)

R-04932-55942-18064-33744-52944-17414-47744-37595

If the NATURAL keyword is in the join-operator then an implicit USING clause is added to the join-constraints. The implicit USING clause contains each of the column names that appear in both the left and right-hand input datasets. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-04965-15290-07639-47076-03173-25539-55321-39216

If two or more COLLATE operator subexpressions appear anywhere in a comparison, the left most explicit collating function is used regardless of how deeply the COLLATE operators are nested in the expression and regardless of how the expression is parenthesized. (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_09.test)

R-04966-20924-22801-44909-48927-53251-60616-56610

The returned string pointer is valid until either the prepared statement is destroyed by sqlite3_finalize() or until the statement is automatically reprepared by the first call to sqlite3_step() for a particular run or until the next call to sqlite3_column_name() or sqlite3_column_name16() on the same column. (source c3ref/column_name.html)

R-04974-06543-23459-27016-04793-62254-28268-32718

The SQLITE_OPEN_PRIVATECACHE flag causes the database connection to not participate in shared cache mode even if it is enabled. (source c3ref/open.html)

R-05038-25064-50136-23943-62126-35147-57737-05371

You can then access the ROWID using any of four different names, the original three names described above or the name given to the INTEGER PRIMARY KEY column. (source autoinc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/autoinc01.test)

R-05050-19932-51228-07490-05961-18569-19924-51856

The SQLITE_CONFIG_MUTEX option takes a single argument which is a pointer to an instance of the sqlite3_mutex_methods structure. The argument specifies alternative low-level mutex routines to be used in place the mutex routines built into SQLite. (source c3ref/c_config_covering_index_scan.html, checked-by: th3/th3main.c)

R-05074-16795-23753-50917-57258-49043-30568-49320


(source lang_altertable.html, checked-by: th3/req1/altertable01.test)

R-05088-64670-01812-40293-14899-41323-61587-34551

The sqlite_sequence. (source fileformat2.html)

R-05098-06501-37096-20174-22596-42631-53516-57817

In shared cache mode, attempting to attach the same database file more than once results in an error. (source lang_detach.html, checked-by: tcl/shared7.test, th3/cov1/attach07.test)

R-05119-02637-14414-33683-07351-22342-03629-61768

The 4-byte big-endian integer at offset 36 stores stores the total number of pages on the freelist. (source fileformat2.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma21.test)

R-05155-34454-27271-17967-48575-19068-12269-57153

The precedence of the BETWEEN operator is the same as the precedence as operators == and != and LIKE and groups left to right. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-05192-57965-21317-62763-55347-54447-59069-43394

Hence, the string '3.0e+5' is stored in a column with NUMERIC affinity as the integer 300000, not as the floating point value 300000.0. (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_01.test)

R-05196-58733-44887-26524-08639-58577-62968-38394

The "temp" database (in which TEMP tables and indices are stored) and in-memory databases always uses exclusive locking mode. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma04.test)

R-05226-30063-38393-23337-31220-10155-17682-45217

If the application using SQLite crashes in the middle of a transaction when the MEMORY journaling mode is set, then the database file will very likely go corrupt. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma25.test)

R-05239-12850-29861-48267-58259-09367-64321-59571

If no algorithm is specified anywhere, the ABORT algorithm is used. (source lang_conflict.html, checked-by: th3/req1/conflict03.test)

R-05254-00658-23742-34136-13538-61949-20472-35341

So the following query could use the partial index: SELECT * FROM tab2 WHERE b=456 AND c<>0; -- uses partial index (source partialindex.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/index01.test)

R-05256-02411-03120-41159-49408-38531-58118-03521

The second column is the "main" for the main database file, "temp" for the database file used to store TEMP objects, or the name of the ATTACHed database for other database files. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma14.test)

R-05272-22592-13374-24756-51597-06491-53677-55023

The index for named parameters can be looked up using the sqlite3_bind_parameter_index() API if desired. (source c3ref/bind_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/bind01.test)

R-05363-17893-60997-09697-28202-47991-52787-63067

Views are read-only in SQLite. (source lang_createview.html)

R-05367-01575-38544-05441-45705-50827-33382-05876

The first argument to the sqlite3_bind_*() routines is always a pointer to the sqlite3_stmt object returned from sqlite3_prepare_v2() or its variants. (source c3ref/bind_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/bind01.test)

R-05416-39654-33473-55228-34062-26099-18988-34297

Any callback set by a previous call to sqlite3_commit_hook() for the same database connection is overridden. (source c3ref/commit_hook.html)

R-05416-57569-14245-59554-42970-16556-04782-39407

The sqlite3_create_collation_v2() works like sqlite3_create_collation() with the addition that the xDestroy callback is invoked on pArg when the collating function is deleted. (source c3ref/create_collation.html, checked-by: th3/req1/createcoll01.test)

R-05426-18119-14716-31430-62581-59532-09945-45958

PRAGMA foreign_key_check; PRAGMA foreign_key_check(table-name); (source pragma.html, checked-by: tcl/fkey5.test, th3/cov1/fkey23.test)

R-05452-35198-10871-20803-29102-44206-02290-23562

The object returned by sqlite3_column_value() is an unprotected sqlite3_value object. (source c3ref/column_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/column01.test)

R-05461-33397-24167-58750-38066-50926-47850-55199

If SQLite is compiled with the SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4 option, then additional histogram data is collected and stored in sqlite_stat4. (source lang_analyze.html, checked-by: th3/req1/analyze01.test)

R-05485-48422-13403-52608-43825-07463-15494-45842

The schema-version is usually only manipulated internally by SQLite. It is incremented by SQLite whenever the database schema is modified (by creating or dropping a table or index). (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma28.test)

R-05513-33819-59240-57490-36750-56355-20133-11323

It is not an error to create a table that has the same name as an existing trigger. (source lang_createtable.html, checked-by: tcl/e_createtable.test)

R-05529-49311-19385-25088-51848-47183-58001-39726

If the integrity_check pragma finds problems, strings are returned (as multiple rows with a single column per row) which describe the problems. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/integrityck01.test)

R-05617-50091-64320-09946-64698-41149-46478-61865

In the DELETE mode, the rollback journal is deleted at the conclusion of each transaction. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma24.test)

R-05644-53956-28885-25038-62165-04272-38392-10037

A WAL always grows from beginning toward the end. (source fileformat2.html)

R-05646-15132-11020-10123-43884-18508-24247-46472

When synchronous is NORMAL (1), the SQLite database engine will still sync at the most critical moments, but less often than in FULL mode. (source pragma.html)

R-05650-46070-32640-12192-03987-30502-33558-23123

And you can UPDATE, DELETE, INSERT or even DROP the shadow tables, though doing so will corrupt your R*Tree index. (source rtree.html)

R-05658-50861-03980-59142-22738-32773-09138-30302

SQLite only understands the hexadecimal integer notation when it appears in the SQL statement text, not when it appears as part of the content of the database. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: th3/req1/expr01.test)

R-05693-48487-42509-32993-20525-28591-05760-18227

For the index above and WHERE clause like this: ... WHERE a=5 OR b IN (1,2,3) OR c NOT NULL OR d='hello' The index is not usable because the WHERE clause terms are connected by OR instead of AND. (source optoverview.html)

R-05702-07867-01732-07701-01060-12844-31655-42982

The key to an index b-tree is a record composed of the columns that are being indexed followed by the key of the corresponding table row. (source fileformat2.html)

R-05723-45863-34375-13823-48994-32413-55048-46379

The sqlite_stat3.sample column holds the value of the left-most field of an index identified by sqlite_stat3.idx and sqlite_stat3.tbl. (source fileformat2.html)

R-05731-00924-21642-36920-42396-08100-00001-17293

The table name must be unqualified for INSERT statements that occur within CREATE TRIGGER statements. (source lang_insert.html, checked-by: tcl/e_insert.test)

R-05734-13629-21302-48631-57775-63447-36504-30462

If an INSERT statement attempts to insert a blob value, or a string or real value that cannot be losslessly converted to an integer into an integer primary key or rowid column, a "datatype mismatch" error occurs and the statement is aborted. (source lang_createtable.html, checked-by: tcl/e_createtable.test)

R-05791-54928-02769-08459-30778-25258-29853-24680

Running VACUUM ensures that each table and index is largely stored contiguously within the database file. (source lang_vacuum.html, checked-by: tcl/e_vacuum.test)

R-05898-54598-22699-61791-29592-33550-33097-15159

Otherwise, if the expression sorted by an ORDER BY clause is a column, then the collating sequence of the column is used to determine sort order. (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_10.test)

R-05903-08460-38037-43122-07089-54739-62474-34030

If a deferred foreign key constraint is violated, then an error is reported when the user attempts to commit the transaction if the foreign key constraint violations still exist at that point. (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys22.test)

R-05906-34301-40279-37243-33018-07128-06632-24411

In particular, if one wants to know all "children" of a particular purchase order "?1", the query would be: SELECT po_num FROM purchaseorder WHERE parent_po=?1; (source partialindex.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/index01.test)

R-05912-10167-55658-18265-62443-52976-18281-50268

The journal_size_limit pragma may be used to limit the size of rollback-journal and WAL files left in the file-system after transactions or checkpoints. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma26.test)

R-05951-02312-23711-17446-20598-09219-25533-37117

This interface is used to retrieve runtime status information about the performance of SQLite, and optionally to reset various highwater marks. (source c3ref/status.html)

R-06021-09373-60954-10709-09959-52253-36320-11394

But extensions can override the match() function with more helpful logic. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-06024-54164-19422-11836-49964-56179-07103-14892

Two or more MATCH operators are allowed in the same WHERE clause, as long as they are connected by AND operators. (source rtree.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/rtree04.test)

R-06044-07843-41488-27430-15484-51013-09491-52143

Each page record stores a copy of the content of a page from the database file before it was changed. (source fileformat2.html)

R-06081-00362-40480-25487-62040-62396-65262-38690

The third column of output is the name of the column being indexed. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma15.test)

R-06085-13761-54522-48441-51146-08233-07521-56188

Unless the table to which the trigger is attached is in the TEMP database, the table being updated by the trigger program must reside in the same database as it. (source lang_update.html, checked-by: tcl/e_update.test)

R-06094-55152-33533-26668-27298-05995-61599-07184

Unbound parameters are interpreted as NULL. (source c3ref/bind_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/bind01.test)

R-06121-44139-52990-59264-15521-64976-48420-00452

If X is NULL then length(X) is NULL. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/func01.test)

R-06123-51072-56748-60429-60025-49208-35503-28733

he rowid of the SQL table is the 64-bit signed integer key for each entry in the table b-tree. (source fileformat2.html)

R-06125-22327-52915-34188-45275-42271-34098-17754

As well as SQLITE_OK and SQLITE_DONE, a call to sqlite3_backup_step() may return SQLITE_READONLY, SQLITE_NOMEM, SQLITE_BUSY, SQLITE_LOCKED, or an SQLITE_IOERR_XXX extended error code. (source c3ref/backup_finish.html)

R-06184-64035-19129-41964-19001-40522-59120-29266

The second pointer map page will be on page J+3 and that ptrmap page will provide back pointer information for pages J+4 through 2*J+3 inclusive. (source fileformat2.html)

R-06192-43187-09900-12561-05322-03139-09562-46958

For the right-most column of an index that is used, there can be up to two inequalities that must sandwich the allowed values of the column between two extremes. (source optoverview.html)

R-06211-52866-60944-51344-33653-00695-35099-44728

A single WAL file can be reused multiple times. (source fileformat2.html)

R-06247-40710-32264-36174-63374-18082-50900-27234

If the busy-handler returns non-zero before the lock is available, then SQLITE_BUSY is returned to the caller. (source c3ref/backup_finish.html)

R-06248-64121-07188-29551-61796-15919-61110-34160

Mutexes created using SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE can be entered multiple times by the same thread. In such cases the, mutex must be exited an equal number of times before another thread can enter. (source c3ref/mutex_alloc.html)

R-06268-22533-04308-14386-21741-11230-29946-31155

The cache query parameter determines if the new database is opened using shared cache mode or with a private cache. (source uri.html)

R-06325-15315-47203-37013-07627-21557-12001-05874

In this case, if both operands are NULL, then the IS operator evaluates to 1 (true) and the IS NOT operator evaluates to 0 (false). (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-06367-56981-61813-52742-22421-22635-19629-30966

There is a limit, set using sqlite3_limit() and SQLITE_LIMIT_ATTACHED, to the number of databases that can be simultaneously attached to a single database connection. (source lang_attach.html, checked-by: th3/req1/attach01.test)

R-06396-00487-24665-04701-02670-39583-42617-54638

The fourth parameter is an arbitrary client data pointer that is passed through into the xCreate and xConnect methods of the virtual table module when a new virtual table is be being created or reinitialized. (source c3ref/create_module.html)

R-06467-48849-57565-61954-24161-42230-15845-14512

PRAGMA journal_mode; PRAGMA database.journal_mode; PRAGMA journal_mode = DELETE | TRUNCATE | PERSIST | MEMORY | WAL | OFF PRAGMA database.journal_mode = DELETE | TRUNCATE | PERSIST | MEMORY | WAL | OFF This pragma queries or sets the journal mode for databases associated with the current database connection. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma23.test)

R-06471-16287-47744-18667-43209-46484-64489-20920

If an INSERT or UPDATE statement attempts to modify the table content so that two or more rows have identical primary key values, that is a constraint violation. (source lang_createtable.html, checked-by: tcl/e_createtable.test)

R-06483-27112-61838-60600-31039-16842-06931-49767

The xMutexEnd() interface is invoked exactly once for each call to sqlite3_shutdown(). (source c3ref/mutex_methods.html)

R-06497-44374-00376-59592-23814-22462-41106-13473

The strftime() routine returns the date formatted according to the format string specified as the first argument. (source lang_datefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/date01.test)

R-06521-54703-61418-20766-12795-30140-09114-51879

Each entry in the ex25acde index consists of only the columns a, c, d, and e, in that order. (source fileformat2.html)

R-06526-21822-44146-52005-29553-25229-08273-20735

If the result is a numeric value then sqlite3_column_bytes() uses sqlite3_snprintf() to convert that value to a UTF-8 string and returns the number of bytes in that string. (source c3ref/column_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/column01.test)

R-06529-47362-28298-49876-57281-01728-38007-39876

Following the size varint are one or more additional varints, one per column. (source fileformat2.html)

R-06571-04773-06599-01457-22611-05632-63010-56149

If X is NULL or an empty string, then a checkpoint is run on all databases of connection D. (source c3ref/wal_checkpoint.html)

R-06617-54588-52951-29775-47412-02155-55122-34673

Each ORDER BY expression may be optionally followed by one of the keywords ASC (smaller values are returned first) or DESC (larger values are returned first). (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-06626-12911-45896-07127-03501-58228-62690-15323

The SQLITE_CONFIG_HEAP option is only available if SQLite is compiled with either SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS3 or SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS5 and returns SQLITE_ERROR if invoked otherwise. (source c3ref/c_config_covering_index_scan.html, checked-by: src/main.c, th3/th3oom.c)

R-06630-59185-25894-35312-55008-29354-15372-24847

Each modifier is a transformation that is applied to the time value to its left. (source lang_datefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/date01.test)

R-06665-27325-40160-13157-49305-60075-62484-50967

If the argument N is zero then the soft heap limit is disabled. (source c3ref/soft_heap_limit64.html, checked-by: th3/req1/softheaplimit02.test)

R-06681-36915-07445-41328-35159-18817-58464-46967

The largest Fibonacci weight occurs on the first element of the sequence being summed. (source fileformat2.html)

R-06710-22511-57136-17945-50070-33110-36192-14395

When case_sensitive_like is disabled, the default LIKE behavior is expressed. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma10.test)

R-06718-34797-20809-29800-16443-15807-57069-06143

If the UNIQUE keyword appears between CREATE and INDEX then duplicate index entries are not allowed. (source lang_createindex.html, checked-by: th3/req1/createidx01.test)

R-06726-07466-50674-60893-18596-18216-57915-63107

A column name can be any of the names defined in the CREATE TABLE statement or one of the following special identifiers: "ROWID", "OID", or "_ROWID_". (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_createtable.test)

R-06730-09692-37737-40278-41150-46947-53359-48437

Note that the unary + operator also removes type affinity from an expression, and in some cases this can cause subtle changes in the meaning of an expression. (source optoverview.html)

R-06827-27714-37662-62265-13123-35942-36667-57305

These routines provide a means to determine the database, table, and table column that is the origin of a particular result column in SELECT statement. (source c3ref/column_database_name.html)

R-06842-00595-27459-11943-09880-13369-18922-07215

If the URI contains an authority, then it must be either an empty string or the string "localhost". (source c3ref/open.html, checked-by: tcl/e_uri.test)

R-06866-39125-55055-41490-42674-60526-11809-05930

Freeblocks are always connected in order of increasing offset. (source fileformat2.html)

R-06868-44093-33901-50180-63066-19596-24201-39627

The collating sequence used for expressions of the form "x IN (y, z, ...)" is the collating sequence of x. (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_10.test)

R-06920-11647-57198-53546-22558-52613-40073-20013

If the function is registered using the sqlite3_collation_needed() API, then it is passed the names of undefined collation sequences as strings encoded in UTF-8. (source c3ref/collation_needed.html)

R-07016-26442-22994-35571-41506-56753-23987-59797

Each of the named columns of the new row is populated with the results of evaluating the corresponding VALUES expression. (source lang_insert.html, checked-by: tcl/e_insert.test)

R-07046-65439-53781-18565-05582-11236-16234-65526

Any of these arguments may be NULL, in which case the corresponding element of metadata is omitted. (source c3ref/table_column_metadata.html)

R-07051-38416-38857-52812-51917-08930-07930-15860

If the declared type contains the string "INT" then it is assigned INTEGER affinity. (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_01.test)

R-07057-45839-58945-17922-08934-43257-63274-32805

Terms of the WHERE clause can be manually disqualified for use with indices by prepending a unary + operator to the column name. (source optoverview.html)

R-07061-20551-45555-61970-58663-33619-01553-07889

If the source database is modified by an external process or via a database connection other than the one being used by the backup operation, then the backup will be automatically restarted by the next call to sqlite3_backup_step(). (source c3ref/backup_finish.html)

R-07061-54920-02690-34802-26523-14617-41412-12725

To overcome this problem, SQLite attempts to flatten subqueries in the FROM clause of a SELECT. (source optoverview.html)

R-07100-06606-15404-00202-26903-38022-07639-13720

A single quote within the string can be encoded by putting two single quotes in a row - as in Pascal. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-07154-34181-57164-55597-27085-41955-25905-44172

The table might look something like this: CREATE TABLE person( person_id INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, team_id INTEGER REFERENCES team, is_team_leader BOOLEAN, -- other fields elided ); (source partialindex.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/index01.test)

R-07178-42569-23822-25165-44123-64804-39149-01193

The first time the database is read in EXCLUSIVE mode, a shared lock is obtained and held. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma04.test)

R-07218-15811-34586-61584-11375-61122-40476-23928

The "sqlite_autoindex_TABLE_N" name is never allocated for an INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, either in rowid tables or WITHOUT ROWID tables. (source fileformat2.html)

R-07223-48323-28604-04641-30689-62184-47326-29698

A nested savepoint transaction may be RELEASEd while the database is in a state that does not satisfy a deferred foreign key constraint. (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys15.test)

R-07224-37960-07038-64465-45368-63797-43287-02157

The subquery does not use aggregates or the outer query is not DISTINCT. (source optoverview.html)

R-07272-22309-27541-26278-30152-44282-17867-64207

The default behavior is for mutexes to be enabled. (source c3ref/threadsafe.html, checked-by: src/sqliteInt.h)

R-07280-60510-42023-64617-40990-52816-04160-12840

Assuming the library is compiled with foreign key constraints enabled, it must still be enabled by the application at runtime, using the PRAGMA foreign_keys command. (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys04.test)

R-07284-35990-05139-00747-51073-38324-35711-49391

If the SELECT statement is an aggregate query with a GROUP BY clause, then each of the expressions specified as part of the GROUP BY clause is evaluated for each row of the dataset. Each row is then assigned to a "group" based on the results; rows for which the results of evaluating the GROUP BY expressions are the same get assigned to the same group. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-07343-35026-05102-53943-15495-27224-50604-38447

An explicit DEFAULT clause may specify that the default value is NULL, a string constant, a blob constant, a signed-number, or any constant expression enclosed in parentheses. A default value may also be one of the special case-independent keywords CURRENT_TIME, CURRENT_DATE or CURRENT_TIMESTAMP. (source lang_createtable.html, checked-by: tcl/e_createtable.test)

R-07373-26855-08191-07958-60277-35412-28383-64233

The SQLITE_FCNTL_VFSNAME opcode can be used to obtain the names of all VFSes in the VFS stack. (source c3ref/c_fcntl_busyhandler.html)

R-07382-08557-17278-61689-15374-46602-01237-34965

The values returned by these functions are only updated by sqlite3_backup_step(). (source c3ref/backup_finish.html)

R-07387-29430-25270-46585-59144-29340-25578-53451

The three special identifiers describe the unique integer key (the rowid) associated with every row of every table and so are not available on WITHOUT ROWID tables. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: th3/req1/expr02.test)

R-07391-62365-50484-20583-23156-31411-22306-43291

If the result is NULL, then sqlite3_column_bytes() returns zero. (source c3ref/column_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/column01.test)

R-07393-01823-08752-25333-30222-31178-15035-23553

The text in the sqlite_master.sql column is a copy of the original CREATE statement text that created the object, except normalized as described above and as modified by subsequent ALTER TABLE statements. (source fileformat2.html)

R-07434-39946-64395-56249-16923-20954-34684-05720

The RELEASE command is like a COMMIT for a SAVEPOINT. (source lang_savepoint.html)

R-07443-03104-25430-52440-15603-28211-53431-58552

Shared cache is disabled by default. (source c3ref/enable_shared_cache.html)

R-07444-33850-51822-16540-61383-01460-32210-48440

Whitespace and comments that follow the final semicolon are ignored. (source c3ref/complete.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/complete01.test)

R-07450-54313-35396-53583-38577-19120-59837-03482

The SQLITE_OPEN_SHAREDCACHE flag causes the database connection to be eligible to use shared cache mode, regardless of whether or not shared cache is enabled using sqlite3_enable_shared_cache(). (source c3ref/open.html)

R-07474-04783-61557-15842-18544-20982-63471-50658

Transaction control statements such as BEGIN, COMMIT, ROLLBACK, SAVEPOINT, and RELEASE cause sqlite3_stmt_readonly() to return true, since the statements themselves do not actually modify the database but rather they control the timing of when other statements modify the database. (source c3ref/stmt_readonly.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/vdbeapi14.test)

R-07476-02394-53469-52214-11723-38021-58724-03131


(source lang_select.html)

R-07490-32536-65444-08514-64358-21801-57919-13418

If the specified view cannot be found and an IF EXISTS clause is present in the DROP VIEW statement, then the statement is a no-op. (source lang_dropview.html, checked-by: tcl/e_dropview.test, th3/cov1/build13.test)

R-07535-34995-01447-54565-38524-09572-39500-26944

The result of avg() is always a floating point value as long as at there is at least one non-NULL input even if all inputs are integers. (source lang_aggfunc.html, checked-by: slt/slt_lang_aggfunc.test, th3/req1/aggfunc01.test)

R-07548-06087-12762-53515-32578-33672-61878-36013

These routines return the name assigned to a particular column in the result set of a SELECT statement. (source c3ref/column_name.html)

R-07548-13422-51816-60728-36638-61915-61462-20502

The ORDER BY clause on a DELETE statement is used only to determine which rows fall within the LIMIT. The order in which rows are deleted is arbitrary and is not influenced by the ORDER BY clause. (source lang_delete.html, checked-by: tcl/e_delete.test)

R-07620-38093-30867-55941-58983-29233-64243-15469

SQLite keeps track of the largest ROWID that a table has ever held using an internal table named "sqlite_sequence". (source autoinc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/autoinc01.test)

R-07634-40532-31370-54179-45276-35620-20661-11259

The cache_spill pragma enables or disables the ability of the pager to spill dirty cache pages to the database file in the middle of a transaction. (source pragma.html, checked-by: tcl/pragma2.test)

R-07643-43989-02240-56676-20648-32041-01109-19546

An expression that is a simple reference to a column value has the same affinity as the column. (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_05.test)

R-07667-49537-57124-54989-59227-41131-33160-03537

The result of the CASE expression is the evaluation of the THEN expression that corresponds to the first WHEN expression for which the comparison is true. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-07677-41881-40135-26272-16926-18163-28954-03069

If the largest ROWID is equal to the largest possible integer (9223372036854775807) then the database engine starts picking positive candidate ROWIDs at random until it finds one that is not previously used. (source autoinc.html, checked-by: src/vdbe.c, th3/cov1/vdbe23.test, th3/req1/autoinc01.test)

R-07677-44926-50918-49822-13370-30168-54851-13094

The format for CURRENT_TIMESTAMP is "YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM:SS". (source lang_createtable.html, checked-by: tcl/e_createtable.test)

R-07686-30751-51285-58561-12727-05752-40900-44621

Hence, the content encoding for a WITHOUT ROWID table is the same as the content encoding for an ordinary rowid table, except that the order of the columns is rearranged so that PRIMARY KEY columns come first, and the content is used as the key in an index b-tree rather than as the data in a table b-tree. (source fileformat2.html)

R-07727-56631-19058-51033-37798-11219-19213-34496

Instead of cancelling the transaction, the ROLLBACK TO command restarts the transaction again at the beginning. (source lang_savepoint.html)

R-07734-01023-35400-33877-62605-53392-63637-26399

The result of total() is always a floating point value. (source lang_aggfunc.html, checked-by: slt/slt_lang_aggfunc.test, th3/req1/aggfunc01.test)

R-07796-55423-52523-43504-40552-37000-09933-05670

Returns the size in bytes of the BLOB accessible via the successfully opened BLOB handle in its only argument. (source c3ref/blob_bytes.html, checked-by: tcl/e_blobbytes.test, th3/cov1/vdbeblob01.test)

R-07801-24468-36344-27295-15963-50909-61997-55720

SQLITE_LIMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT The maximum number of terms in a compound SELECT statement. (source c3ref/c_limit_attached.html, checked-by: th3/req1/limit02.test)

R-07848-59274-08583-36446-01674-55219-01938-38331

The requested measurement is written into a variable pointed to by the "pOut" parameter. (source c3ref/stmt_scanstatus.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/status02.test)

R-07865-58192-09859-42993-29277-46278-59857-06081

The 4-byte big-endian integer at offset 92 is the value of the change counter when the version number was stored. (source fileformat2.html)

R-07866-07572-04759-27245-06319-59551-46387-52672

The temp_store_directory pragma may modify this variable and cause it to point to memory obtained from sqlite3_malloc. (source c3ref/temp_directory.html)

R-07866-27301-20685-29645-48664-65136-34349-24758

Format 4 also adds two new boolean record type values (serial types 8 and 9. (source fileformat2.html)

R-07963-00293-13635-32107-53901-52250-25105-19603

A function implementation with a non-negative nArg parameter is a better match than a function implementation with a negative nArg. (source c3ref/create_function.html, checked-by: th3/req1/createfunc04.test)

R-07986-46024-43778-44003-14770-46888-01136-33565

If an INSERT statement attempts to insert a NULL value into a rowid or integer primary key column, the system chooses an integer value to use as the rowid automatically. (source lang_createtable.html, checked-by: tcl/e_createtable.test)

R-07987-54086-28782-61595-63457-13975-41237-46869

If the result is a UTF-16 string, then sqlite3_column_bytes() converts the string to UTF-8 and then returns the number of bytes. (source c3ref/column_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/column01.test)

R-08013-37737-04179-14029-08100-20980-22992-19882

The application can also use a PRAGMA foreign_keys statement to determine if foreign keys are currently enabled. (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys04.test)

R-08023-12605-32642-43845-16740-17726-48491-51878

The sqlite3_compileoption_get() function allows iterating over the list of options that were defined at compile time by returning the N-th compile time option string. (source c3ref/compileoption_get.html)

R-08054-15429-02256-10004-55638-18867-37025-44792

The min/max-value pair columns are stored as 32-bit floating point values for "rtree" virtual tables or as 32-bit signed integers in "rtree_i32" virtual tables. (source rtree.html)

R-08114-32142-00732-64514-48561-20765-18490-60884

SQLite takes the text result from the application from the 2nd parameter of the sqlite3_result_text* interfaces. (source c3ref/result_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/result02.test)

R-08122-00155-42782-51193-10601-34385-12206-23126

FULL blocks database writers while it is running, but not database readers. (source pragma.html)

R-08154-40307-40030-58869-42934-46751-50861-42641

In more recent versions of SQLite (since version 3. (source lang_transaction.html)

R-08161-44559-11294-25208-33337-24402-63584-35626

The xShutdown() method is called by sqlite3_shutdown(). (source c3ref/pcache_methods2.html)

R-08181-17347-07123-49289-35480-05775-37202-24874

The first form (without an argument) queries the current limit. (source pragma.html)

R-08183-51717-22303-21526-16092-06155-29977-37409

In a well-formed sqlite_stat3 table, the samples for any single index must appear in the same order that they occur in the index. In other words, if the entry with left-most column S1 is earlier in the index b-tree than the entry with lef-most column S2, then in the sqlite_stat3 table, sample S1 must have a smaller rowid than sample S2. (source fileformat2.html)

R-08185-34281-12728-08403-04938-30337-50100-31193

The sqlite3_result_blob() interface sets the result from an application-defined function to be the BLOB whose content is pointed to by the second parameter and which is N bytes long where N is the third parameter. (source c3ref/result_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/result01.test)

R-08195-21952-34144-42523-58914-33404-63629-47185

This function is used to read data from an open BLOB handle into a caller-supplied buffer. N bytes of data are copied into buffer Z from the open BLOB, starting at offset iOffset. (source c3ref/blob_read.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/vdbeblob01.test)

R-08198-48522-54017-24058-29188-47107-45936-39213

The TRUNCATE journaling mode commits transactions by truncating the rollback journal to zero-length instead of deleting it. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma24.test)

R-08220-00712-08202-21182-26079-26258-28714-22258

The sqlite3_malloc() routine returns a pointer to a block of memory at least N bytes in length, where N is the parameter. (source c3ref/free.html, checked-by: th3/req1/malloc02.test)

R-08224-30249-18275-36906-02216-43610-40508-55733

Rows are assigned contiguously ascending rowid values, starting with 1, in the order that they are returned by the SELECT statement. (source lang_createtable.html, checked-by: tcl/e_createtable.test)

R-08267-32299-63841-11105-16971-59372-17886-11855

If Z is omitted then substr(X,Y) returns all characters through the end of the string X beginning with the Y-th. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/func02.test)

R-08308-17224-38959-45804-35149-08611-40097-56535

The default collating function for all strings is BINARY. (source fileformat2.html)

R-08348-34672-30710-39534-43438-18204-53248-46501

If the database is opened (and/or created) successfully, then SQLITE_OK is returned. Otherwise an error code is returned. (source c3ref/open.html)

R-08375-20446-26647-36116-19592-16605-23479-65514

Tables in an attached database can be referred to using the syntax database-name.table-name. (source lang_attach.html, checked-by: th3/req1/attach01.test)

R-08382-59936-33976-47324-12447-38582-10569-47799

Writes to the BLOB that occurred before the BLOB handle expired are not rolled back by the expiration of the handle, though of course those changes might have been overwritten by the statement that expired the BLOB handle or by other independent statements. (source c3ref/blob_write.html, checked-by: tcl/e_blobwrite.test)

R-08385-08814-16494-59705-02420-23410-27891-51332

An application can force the query planner to reread the statistics tables by running ANALYZE sqlite_master. (source lang_analyze.html, checked-by: th3/req1/analyze01.test)

R-08404-60887-40385-02064-56855-44292-59430-13171

There are three arguments to SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH: A pointer an 8-byte aligned memory buffer from which the scratch allocations will be drawn, the size of each scratch allocation (sz), and the maximum number of scratch allocations (N). (source c3ref/c_config_covering_index_scan.html, checked-by: src/main.c)

R-08468-48792-53240-63754-20732-07699-03752-10764

Even though the function prototype shows that xEntryPoint() takes no arguments and returns void, SQLite invokes xEntryPoint() with three arguments and expects and integer result as if the signature of the entry point where as follows:   int xEntryPoint(   sqlite3 *db,   const char **pzErrMsg,   const struct sqlite3_api_routines *pThunk   ); (source c3ref/auto_extension.html, checked-by: th3/req1/autoext01.test)

R-08469-46782-59132-04592-41153-65090-64039-23228

PRAGMA collation_list; Return a list of the collating sequences defined for the current database connection. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma13.test)

R-08470-40933-39231-45429-29526-36251-38185-62772

The ANALYZE command gathers statistics about tables and indices and stores the collected information in internal tables of the database where the query optimizer can access the information and use it to help make better query planning choices. (source lang_analyze.html, checked-by: th3/req1/analyze01.test)

R-08531-36543-43368-50490-58607-10151-50307-46292

A compound SELECT created using UNION ALL operator returns all the rows from the SELECT to the left of the UNION ALL operator, and all the rows from the SELECT to the right of it. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-08551-61977-00536-43869-21824-42581-53338-42827

A value with storage class NULL is considered less than any other value (including another value with storage class NULL). (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_04.test)

R-08570-19916-06094-14315-21140-23229-64814-49543

However, when not in write-ahead log mode, the page_size and/or auto_vacuum properties of an existing database may be changed by using the page_size and/or pragma auto_vacuum pragmas and then immediately VACUUMing the database. (source lang_vacuum.html, checked-by: tcl/e_vacuum.test)

R-08600-21007-59699-24141-37945-25671-33905-23052

If parameter Y is present then it is used as the separator between instances of X. (source lang_aggfunc.html, checked-by: slt/slt_lang_aggfunc.test, th3/req1/aggfunc01.test)

R-08669-22397-26856-32296-22372-63471-24126-56225

The number of columns in the rows returned by a simple SELECT statement is equal to the number of expressions in the result expression list after substitution of * and alias.* expressions. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-08680-42661-24971-27030-06181-52917-24320-47746

The second column is the number of modified pages that have been written to the write-ahead log file. (source pragma.html)

R-08698-00464-45876-62927-50774-10665-22959-52892

In the second form, if the database name is omitted, the limit that is set becomes the default limit for all databases that are added to the database connection by subsequent ATTACH statements. (source pragma.html)

R-08702-09805-37818-25319-39065-12548-64378-42477

The sqlite3_commit_hook() interface registers a callback function to be invoked whenever a transaction is committed. (source c3ref/commit_hook.html)

R-08782-34587-24709-60747-46157-12897-42098-02206

sqlite3_release_memory() returns the number of bytes actually freed, which might be more or less than the amount requested. (source c3ref/release_memory.html, checked-by: th3/req1/releasemem01.test)

R-08804-63175-03781-61718-64946-14312-06461-12465

Corresponding rows in the index and table b-trees share the same rowid or primary key values and contain the same value for all indexed columns. (source fileformat2.html)

R-08861-34280-62866-63452-63262-62491-16025-47018

If the simple SELECT is a SELECT ALL, then the entire set of result rows are returned by the SELECT. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-08904-24719-11346-47287-22123-01310-57737-05262

Sum() will throw an "integer overflow" exception if all inputs are integers or NULL and an integer overflow occurs at any point during the computation. (source lang_aggfunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/aggfunc01.test)

R-08908-23439-37383-27763-09062-14229-58252-49666

A CREATE TABLE command operates the same whether or not foreign key constraints are enabled. (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys21.test)

R-08914-63790-06643-47289-00974-31735-19483-54546

The operator % outputs the value of its left operand modulo its right operand. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-08916-58393-39719-51162-04738-33368-03102-45258

This interface disables all automatic extensions previously registered using sqlite3_auto_extension(). (source c3ref/reset_auto_extension.html, checked-by: th3/req1/autoext01.test)

R-08940-21305-30374-23280-00035-42277-55348-10248

Unless it returns SQLITE_MISUSE, this function sets the database connection error code and message accessible via sqlite3_errcode() and sqlite3_errmsg() and related functions. (source c3ref/blob_open.html, checked-by: tcl/e_blobopen.test)

R-08951-19801-08417-23581-55505-30558-59834-07757

When searching database schemas for a named object, objects of types that cannot be used in the context of the reference are always ignored. (source lang_naming.html, checked-by: tcl/e_resolve.test)

R-08980-53124-31180-17843-61277-57445-45439-15186

The CAST operator understands decimal integers only — conversion of hexadecimal integers stops at the "x" in the "0x" prefix of the hexadecimal integer string and thus result of the CAST is always zero. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-09005-28791-60027-45340-35703-17892-19441-18649

Replacing the phrase above with any of the following creates an immediate foreign key constraint. NOT DEFERRABLE INITIALLY DEFERRED -- An immediate foreign key constraint NOT DEFERRABLE INITIALLY IMMEDIATE -- An immediate foreign key constraint NOT DEFERRABLE -- An immediate foreign key constraint DEFERRABLE INITIALLY IMMEDIATE -- An immediate foreign key constraint DEFERRABLE -- An immediate foreign key constraint (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys12.test)

R-09033-01493-08484-25490-18731-61378-37357-02599

As of SQLite version 3.6.19, the default setting for foreign key enforcement is OFF. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma18.test, th3/req1/pragma19.test)

R-09056-11515-12774-07770-59896-07057-39657-55585

If nByte is non-negative, then it is the maximum number of bytes read from zSql. (source c3ref/prepare.html, checked-by: th3/req1/prepare01.test)

R-09068-40660-27195-07118-53993-03715-03215-45426

A return of SQLITE_BUSY or SQLITE_LOCKED from sqlite3_backup_step() is not a permanent error and does not affect the return value of sqlite3_backup_finish(). (source c3ref/backup_finish.html)

R-09224-24423-49994-35052-44782-07327-29162-57753

Call the sqlite3_enable_load_extension() routine with onoff==1 to turn extension loading on and call it with onoff==0 to turn it back off again. (source c3ref/enable_load_extension.html)

R-09234-17933-23261-52533-25009-60914-06562-46999

If a column-list is specified, then the number of values in each term of the VALUE list must match the number of specified columns. (source lang_insert.html, checked-by: tcl/e_insert.test)

R-09247-46544-65339-05337-14094-58644-44779-17885

The immutable parameter is a boolean query parameter that indicates that the database file is stored on read-only media. (source c3ref/open.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/nolock01.test)

R-09261-30775-60628-01529-14091-08694-38549-11160

Locks are not acquired until the first read or write operation. (source lang_transaction.html)

R-09261-46339-25709-54309-20729-08593-14367-03558

If Y is omitted then the default entry point name is used. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/func03.test)

R-09295-61337-32073-06786-13373-31465-59006-42307

Casting a TEXT or BLOB value into NUMERIC first does a forced conversion into REAL but then further converts the result into INTEGER if and only if the conversion from REAL to INTEGER is lossless and reversible. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-09310-54000-20676-45974-44442-40354-59533-62372

For the GLOB operator, the column must be indexed using the built-in BINARY collating sequence. (source optoverview.html)

R-09323-30470-62004-36090-30809-61331-17692-32313

If a statement modifies the contents of the database so that an immediate foreign key constraint is in violation at the conclusion the statement, an exception is thrown and the effects of the statement are reverted. (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys12.test)

R-09347-53396-09377-17353-50136-41410-13881-29341

The MATCH operator of a custom R*Tree query function must be a top-level AND-connected term of the WHERE clause, or else it will not be usable by the R*Tree query optimizer and the query will not be runnable. (source rtree.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/rtree04.test)

R-09385-24237-02595-13081-61892-09820-41014-64589

Finally, the database is flushed to persistent storage using another xSync method call. (source fileformat2.html)

R-09398-26102-26496-59828-02242-35200-16935-00376

Otherwise, if the ORDER BY expression is an alias to an expression that has been assigned a collation sequence using the postfix COLLATE operator, then the collation sequence assigned to the aliased expression is used. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-09458-10155-15158-32437-48979-56448-00494-45626

When the flag is off, new databases are created using the latest file format which might not be readable or writable by versions of SQLite prior to 3.3.0. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma22.test)

R-09479-17959-18929-07004-59700-09241-00688-08802

Indirect deadlock is also detected, so the system is also considered to be deadlocked if connection B has registered for an unlock-notify callback on the conclusion of connection C's transaction, where connection C is waiting on connection A. (source c3ref/unlock_notify.html)

R-09543-06473-23021-32220-32793-21583-15245-47596

A NULL pointer can be used in place of "main" to refer to the main database file. (source c3ref/file_control.html)

R-09564-22170-27375-05763-54488-45369-57253-27733

Whenever a row in the parent table of a foreign key constraint is deleted, or when the values stored in the parent key column or columns are modified, the logical sequence of events is: Execute applicable BEFORE trigger programs, Check local (non foreign key) constraints, Update or delete the row in the parent table, Perform any required foreign key actions, Execute applicable AFTER trigger programs. (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys19.test)

R-09565-18143-64866-36036-15374-23384-04094-39911

The sqlite_master.rootpage column stores the page number of the root b-tree page for tables and indexes. (source fileformat2.html)

R-09569-43120-63415-51925-62643-35022-32061-47045

The checksum is an unsigned 32-bit integer computed as follows: Initialize the checksum to the checksum nonce value found in the journal header at offset 12. Initialize index X to be N-200 (where N is the size of a database page in bytes. Interpret the four bytes at offset X into the page as a 4-byte big-endian unsigned integer. Add the value of that integer to the checksum. Subtrace 200 from X. If X is greater than or equal to zero, go back to step 3. (source fileformat2.html)

R-09593-03321-24060-42412-44512-07305-25128-61318

BLOB literals are string literals containing hexadecimal data and preceded by a single "x" or "X" character. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-09669-59284-18904-57253-21475-23488-47064-03765

Text values (odd serial types 13 and larger) sort after numeric values in the order determined by the columns collating function. (source fileformat2.html)

R-09681-58560-10305-15727-00297-35868-05335-61175

The table-name specified as part of a DELETE statement within a trigger body must be unqualified. (source lang_delete.html, checked-by: tcl/e_delete.test)

R-09690-36749-32488-48064-52716-25618-00967-04296

In other words, the database-name. prefix on the table name of the UPDATE is not allowed within triggers. (source lang_update.html, checked-by: tcl/e_update.test)

R-09702-18252-10292-02056-28728-37972-55531-64507

Thus INSERT OR FAIL, INSERT OR IGNORE, INSERT OR ROLLBACK, and INSERT OR ABORT make no changes to the return value of this routine when their insertion fails. (source c3ref/last_insert_rowid.html)

R-09704-29281-62509-09033-18405-10464-02206-26533

The sqlite3_exec() interface runs zero or more UTF-8 encoded, semicolon-separate SQL statements passed into its 2nd argument, in the context of the database connection passed in as its 1st argument. (source c3ref/exec.html, checked-by: th3/req1/exec01.test)

R-09728-62300-20402-08882-39493-05495-10996-27834

The busy-handler callback is never invoked. (source pragma.html)

R-09748-03241-62835-60245-32173-07711-55769-04429

This flag determines whether or not the F_FULLFSYNC syncing method is used on systems that support it. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma11b.test)

R-09773-40602-32968-36782-04559-37578-19507-63398

Or if no collating sequence is otherwise defined, the built-in BINARY collating sequence is used. (source lang_createindex.html, checked-by: th3/req1/createidx01.test)

R-09782-32948-24767-08594-36498-62288-40921-54378

If the discard parameter is zero, then the page may be discarded or retained at the discretion of page cache implementation. (source c3ref/pcache_methods2.html)

R-09783-65036-25423-48067-42538-45414-00279-46435

If the sub-query is a compound select, then all terms of the ORDER by clause of the parent must be simple references to columns of the sub-query. (source optoverview.html)

R-09798-06276-54780-63214-14309-15802-32530-00850

As long as the buffer size is greater than zero, sqlite3_snprintf() guarantees that the buffer is always zero-terminated. (source c3ref/mprintf.html, checked-by: th3/req1/malloc01.test)

R-09808-17554-50654-05359-25920-63839-21736-07612

SQLITE_LIMIT_SQL_LENGTH The maximum length of an SQL statement, in bytes. (source c3ref/c_limit_attached.html, checked-by: th3/req1/limit02.test)

R-09813-17279-59166-04895-48075-17845-31813-35638

Also, GLOB is case sensitive, unlike LIKE. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-09813-48563-02406-35251-52837-06025-02382-52921

The value returned by sqlite3_changes() immediately after an INSERT, UPDATE or DELETE statement run on a view is always zero. (source c3ref/changes.html, checked-by: tcl/e_changes.test)

R-09846-38814-42953-13026-11086-53188-00629-37239


(source lang_dropindex.html)

R-09849-00220-60139-37223-30218-05088-34235-14106

A negative value for the zeroblob results in a zero-length BLOB. (source c3ref/bind_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/bind01.test)

R-09904-19077-60402-31152-09250-23294-22236-64637

The aParam[] array (size nParam) contains the parameter values passed to the SQL function on the right-hand side of the MATCH operator. (source rtree.html)

R-09943-43999-40050-60099-27352-31262-44628-15476

An attempt to ATTACH a database with a different text encoding from the "main" database will fail. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma16.test)

R-09991-48941-34645-31832-04466-19849-36549-45775

sqlite> EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT t1.*, t2.* FROM t1, t2 WHERE t1.a=1 AND t1.b>2; 0|0|0|SEARCH TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i2 (a=? AND b>?) 0|1|1|SCAN TABLE t2 (source eqp.html, checked-by: tcl/eqp.test)

R-10066-26552-54015-08012-45446-13573-10240-21333

If the lossless conversion of TEXT to INTEGER or REAL is not possible then the value is stored using the TEXT storage class. (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_01.test)

R-10099-10064-58361-57180-39744-05216-32972-43593

The histogram data is only useful if the right-hand side of the constraint is a simple compile-time constant or parameter and not an expression. (source optoverview.html)

R-10168-19912-54175-13966-29748-04251-61572-41031


(source lang_altertable.html)

R-10190-16965-26709-52634-48294-10827-43315-62793

The sqlite_stat3.nDLt column holds the approximate number of distinct left-most entries in the index that are less than the sample. (source fileformat2.html)

R-10195-31023-11676-16507-03857-40935-22514-60833

If a is specified, it must be either "main", "temp", or the name of an attached database. (source lang_createtable.html, checked-by: tcl/e_createtable.test)

R-10203-42688-05745-20246-57567-01031-33670-42087

The callback registered by this function replaces any existing callback registered using sqlite3_wal_hook(). (source c3ref/wal_autocheckpoint.html)

R-10231-33192-57225-15166-03458-30620-49896-31858

This interface can be used to retrieve a saved copy of the original SQL text used to create a prepared statement if that statement was compiled using either sqlite3_prepare_v2() or sqlite3_prepare16_v2(). (source c3ref/sql.html, checked-by: th3/req1/sql01.test, th3/th3util.c)

R-10260-62465-16896-41827-00033-64414-58979-23233

PRAGMA reverse_unordered_selects; PRAGMA reverse_unordered_selects = boolean; (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma27.test)

R-10284-11658-30925-56941-44506-24940-01613-45379

The depth of recursion for triggers has a hard upper limit set by the SQLITE_MAX_TRIGGER_DEPTH compile-time option and a run-time limit set by sqlite3_limit(db,SQLITE_LIMIT_TRIGGER_DEPTH,...). (source pragma.html)

R-10346-40046-35521-21776-43630-65428-20399-28702

The CREATE TRIGGER statement is used to add triggers to the database schema. (source lang_createtrigger.html, checked-by: slt/slt_lang_createtrigger.test)

R-10382-19306-57880-35714-22073-14679-32627-12019

The fourth parameter may optionally be ORed with SQLITE_DETERMINISTIC to signal that the function will always return the same result given the same inputs within a single SQL statement. (source c3ref/create_function.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/func11.test)

R-10393-27560-44275-02566-07675-36741-21342-01930

Affinity is applied to operands of a comparison operator prior to the comparison according to the following rules in the order shown: (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_05.test)

R-10396-30188-46343-25997-25410-36538-31299-06809

Aggregate min() returns NULL if and only if there are no non-NULL values in the group. (source lang_aggfunc.html, checked-by: slt/slt_lang_aggfunc.test, th3/req1/aggfunc01.test)

R-10466-53920-46827-22051-27556-17000-33700-37865

Calling sqlite3_wal_hook() replaces any previously registered write-ahead log callback. (source c3ref/wal_hook.html)

R-10470-30318-56877-28142-06718-49670-04430-59485

The usual rules for selecting a collation sequence with which to compare text values apply when evaluating expressions in a GROUP BY clause. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-10477-59572-35916-33197-44074-53826-19513-26308

Note that unlike that plain ROLLBACK command (without the TO keyword) the ROLLBACK TO command does not cancel the transaction. (source lang_savepoint.html)

R-10484-47921-51855-29245-64644-01052-63397-23881

Views are removed with the DROP VIEW command. (source lang_createview.html, checked-by: slt/slt_lang_createview.test)

R-10487-06498-43070-01372-57532-56331-23782-33348

If two or more tables in different databases have the same name and the database-name prefix is not used on a table reference, then the table chosen is the one in the database that was least recently attached. (source lang_attach.html, checked-by: th3/req1/attach01.test)

R-10498-57086-37452-22554-31064-17235-16247-62729

When nByte is non-negative, the zSql string ends at either the first '\000' or '\u0000' character or the nByte-th byte, whichever comes first. (source c3ref/prepare.html, checked-by: th3/req1/prepare01.test)

R-10543-26736-58011-26768-22566-64168-18081-13550

This API makes sure a global version of a function with a particular name and number of parameters exists. If no such function exists before this API is called, a new function is created. (source c3ref/overload_function.html)

R-10546-57588-48216-07313-35751-26470-62407-13922

When RAISE(IGNORE) is called, the remainder of the current trigger program, the statement that caused the trigger program to execute and any subsequent trigger programs that would have been executed are abandoned. (source lang_createtrigger.html)

R-10560-59682-02283-61456-63246-40565-64893-57962

The NOCASE collation is like BINARY except that uppercase ASCII characters ('A' through 'Z') are folded into their lowercase equivalents prior to running the comparison. Note that only ASCII characters are case-folded. (source fileformat2.html)

R-10565-09557-60911-42161-01648-20022-48231-49571

The declared type of a column is used to determine the affinity of the column only. (source lang_createtable.html, checked-by: tcl/e_createtable.test)

R-10645-12439-29307-46302-11314-15082-25631-53469

In particular, rows containing NULL values are not handled any differently from rows without NULL values. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-10715-11594-42361-64533-62693-34754-22491-52002

The round(X,Y) function returns a floating-point value X rounded to Y digits to the right of the decimal point. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/func02.test)

R-10717-02538-23214-42555-35648-10956-24290-47354

Each component query of a compound query (UNION, UNION ALL, EXCEPT or INTERSECT) is assigned its own selectid and reported on separately. (source eqp.html, checked-by: th3/req1/eqp01.test)

R-10722-45310-03105-41587-65268-38930-36590-56175

All intervening SAVEPOINTs are canceled, however. (source lang_savepoint.html)

R-10734-24248-12820-36089-32208-53594-64364-42192

In other words, if many of the queries run against the FTS4 table use "ORDER BY docid DESC", then it may improve performance to add the "order=desc" option to the CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE statement. (source fts3.html)

R-10777-25114-28148-35067-60781-11341-59885-20930

Both the first and second forms of the pragma listed above return a single result row containing a single integer column - the value of the journal size limit in bytes. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma26.test)

R-10815-21922-06260-57655-10656-49970-23058-15520

When faced with the choice of using an index to satisfy WHERE clause constraints or satisfying an ORDER BY clause, SQLite does the same cost analysis described above and chooses the index that it believes will result in the fastest answer. (source optoverview.html)

R-10827-60271-29957-56948-24015-30184-30486-05573

If the journal mode could not be changed, the original journal mode is returned. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma23.test)

R-10872-35808-62525-46404-48063-22154-06728-34056

Transactions involving multiple attached databases are atomic, assuming that the main database is not ":memory:" and the journal_mode is not WAL. (source lang_attach.html, checked-by: th3/req1/attach02.test, th3/stress/crash002.test, th3/stress/crash003.test)

R-10883-17697-39247-15529-29929-13310-12082-24783

For the purposes of sorting rows, values are compared in the same way as for comparison expressions. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-10886-33090-42835-40467-38387-59487-39282-25653

When a connection (known as the blocked connection) fails to obtain a shared-cache lock and SQLITE_LOCKED is returned to the caller, the identity of the database connection (the blocking connection) that has locked the required resource is stored internally. (source c3ref/unlock_notify.html)

R-10893-13770-29008-51080-40727-44407-18243-57719

On success, sqlite3_blob_read() returns SQLITE_OK. Otherwise, an error code or an extended error code is returned. (source c3ref/blob_read.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/vdbeblob01.test)

R-10900-57544-37938-07934-32518-44927-61812-27434

The rollback journal file can be deleted (source fileformat2.html)

R-10927-26133-64625-21951-56674-25631-48081-51767

The ORDER BY clause on an UPDATE statement is used only to determine which rows fall within the LIMIT. The order in which rows are modified is arbitrary and is not influenced by the ORDER BY clause. (source lang_update.html, checked-by: tcl/e_update.test)

R-10933-37470-14937-54231-03343-64899-21190-46936

The index for "?NNN" parameters is the value of NNN. (source c3ref/bind_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/bind01.test)

R-10948-48115-30420-45129-26938-33308-29061-07454

The ADD COLUMN syntax is used to add a new column to an existing table. (source lang_altertable.html, checked-by: th3/req1/altertable01.test)

R-10964-23144-03179-07180-41128-15464-48410-22347

If the source database is modified by the using the same database connection as is used by the backup operation, then the backup database is automatically updated at the same time. (source c3ref/backup_finish.html)

R-10993-11647-55800-55293-06436-13332-42842-10882

It is only when the shared-memory wal-index is omitted, when the locking mode is EXCLUSIVE prior to the first WAL-mode database access, that the locking mode is stuck in EXCLUSIVE. (source wal.html, checked-by: tcl/e_wal.test, th3/req1/pragma05.test)

R-11041-58701-63446-54854-64444-07239-52476-54830

In a database that uses ptrmap pages, all pages at locations identified by the computation in the previous paragraph must be ptrmap page and no other page may be a ptrmap page. Except, if the byte-lock page happens to fall on the same page number as a ptrmap page, then the ptrmap is moved to the following page for that one case. (source fileformat2.html)

R-11061-58747-31587-59612-39335-16677-23352-15397

If N is less than 1 then a 1-byte random blob is returned. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/func03.test)

R-11062-21931-47759-21146-52801-65238-28754-37817

szPage will always a power of two. (source c3ref/pcache_methods2.html)

R-11078-03945-63030-33506-24033-34573-31697-17195

The implicit DELETE does not cause any SQL triggers to fire, but may invoke foreign key actions or constraint violations. (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys16.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys22.test)

R-11105-02233-02526-56915-44997-17081-42713-55650

It must be harmless to invoke xMutexInit() multiple times within the same process and without intervening calls to xMutexEnd(). (source c3ref/mutex_methods.html)

R-11127-09633-57185-22901-21397-40062-06184-59885

If there is an error, *ppStmt is set to NULL. (source c3ref/prepare.html, checked-by: th3/req1/prepare01.test)

R-11129-23371-40000-09444-50753-04787-03077-31414

END TRANSACTION is an alias for COMMIT. (source lang_transaction.html)

R-11148-40995-48554-02818-10393-13608-40990-18433

The memory returned by sqlite3_malloc(), sqlite3_realloc(), sqlite3_malloc64(), and sqlite3_realloc64() is always aligned to at least an 8 byte boundary, or to a 4 byte boundary if the SQLITE_4_BYTE_ALIGNED_MALLOC compile-time option is used. (source c3ref/free.html, checked-by: src/malloc.c, th3/req1/malloc02.test)

R-11152-23456-02631-23120-19562-51052-54000-26119

The unlikely(X) function returns the argument X unchanged. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: tcl/func3.test)

R-11162-32742-04957-49790-62717-44478-27100-43420

Datatype conversions in comparisons of the form "x IN (SELECT y ...)" are handled is if the comparison were really "x=y". (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_05.test)

R-11203-26095-47421-44988-44413-41576-06585-21050

The sqlite3_result_error() and sqlite3_result_error16() routines make a private copy of the error message text before they return. (source c3ref/result_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/result01.test)

R-11226-46663-42731-44808-54857-63929-35681-11721

The SQLITE_SOURCE_ID string contains the date and time of the check-in (UTC) and an SHA1 hash of the entire source tree. (source c3ref/c_source_id.html, checked-by: th3/req1/version01.test)

R-11241-54478-18941-45655-01844-39578-11562-47598

As an example, consider creating a two-dimensional R*Tree index for use in spatial queries: CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE demo_index USING rtree( id, -- Integer primary key minX, maxX, -- Minimum and maximum X coordinate minY, maxY -- Minimum and maximum Y coordinate ); (source rtree.html)

R-11255-19907-56460-39957-30226-19999-22429-23256

The following command-line session demonstrates this: sqlite> PRAGMA foreign_keys; 0 sqlite> PRAGMA foreign_keys = ON; sqlite> PRAGMA foreign_keys; 1 sqlite> PRAGMA foreign_keys = OFF; sqlite> PRAGMA foreign_keys; 0 (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys04.test)

R-11290-60355-43377-26029-27960-65452-54790-61013

The top-level SELECT statement is always assigned the selectid value 0. (source eqp.html, checked-by: th3/req1/eqp01.test)

R-11295-04657-09653-04480-53801-04231-56338-07604

The operand to the right of the LIKE operator contains the pattern and the left hand operand contains the string to match against the pattern. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-11315-64212-00710-49784-05093-45690-30554-02549

The default busy callback is NULL. (source c3ref/busy_handler.html)

R-11321-47427-17901-35193-41209-48737-39207-23278

Any leading spaces in the TEXT value are ignored when converging from TEXT to REAL. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-11345-24891-48483-09798-42153-35485-11277-64815

The 4-byte big-endian integer at offset 28 into the header stores the size of the database file in pages. (source fileformat2.html)

R-11370-04520-26477-32393-15829-52644-05616-39032

Named parameters are also numbered. The number assigned is one greater than the largest parameter number already assigned. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-11423-52711-44857-10860-28486-08502-59467-30884

If either operand is a column, then the collating function of that column is used with precedence to the left operand. (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_09.test)

R-11445-56956-41702-04393-18276-56718-36227-56821


(source lang_altertable.html)

R-11479-62774-14648-38644-49524-53539-14021-51295

When comparing a base expression against a WHEN expression, the same collating sequence, affinity, and NULL-handling rules apply as if the base expression and WHEN expression are respectively the left- and right-hand operands of an = operator. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-11498-58022-52113-15294-58649-22171-38649-39142

In a well-formed b-tree page, the total number of bytes in fragments may not exceed 60. (source fileformat2.html)

R-11549-19921-03928-49162-57832-06313-31858-02375

With synchronous=FULL in WAL mode, an additional sync operation of the WAL file happens after each transaction commit. (source pragma.html)

R-11553-06434-51801-18684-33273-42427-03932-31278

FULL This mode blocks (invokes the busy-handler callback) until there is no database writer and all readers are reading from the most recent database snapshot. It then checkpoints all frames in the log file and syncs the database file. (source pragma.html)

R-11566-63657-14865-04704-35153-27057-50201-14742

The 4-byte big-endian integer at offset 56 determines the encoding used for all text strings stored in the database. (source fileformat2.html)

R-11576-11990-36701-63648-24289-51988-09315-26987

An attempt to invoke the BEGIN command within a transaction will fail with an error, regardless of whether the transaction was started by SAVEPOINT or a prior BEGIN. (source lang_transaction.html)

R-11620-22743-59737-64939-21707-40674-29550-48097

A colon followed by an identifier name holds a spot for a named parameter with the name :AAAA. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-11628-62147-05445-61752-17620-56103-14750-56419

No attempt is made to convert NULL or BLOB values. (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_01.test)

R-11683-62380-30736-32552-21398-51660-49111-11348

The specified column of row iRow contains a value that is not a TEXT or BLOB value (source c3ref/blob_open.html, checked-by: tcl/e_blobopen.test)

R-11684-02844-26168-40557-28007-15193-14492-18686

The explicit COMMIT command runs immediately, even if there are pending SELECT statements. (source lang_transaction.html)

R-11730-53816-33732-41455-13175-02323-60121-55502

The compound SELECT operators UNION, INTERSECT and EXCEPT perform implicit comparisons between values. (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_07.test)

R-11740-30529-09837-33143-12061-13377-09078-25577

The sqlite3_db_status() routine returns SQLITE_OK on success and a non-zero error code on failure. (source c3ref/db_status.html, checked-by: th3/req1/dbstatus01.test)

R-11741-40540-42615-46409-59010-22688-11320-56007

The SQLite core only provides implementations for these routines when it is compiled with the SQLITE_DEBUG flag. (source c3ref/mutex_held.html)

R-11799-54013-19740-27693-35471-55958-11272-42681

The sqlite_master table contains entries for internal schema objects in addition to application- and programmer-defined objects. (source fileformat2.html)

R-11802-27774-09561-41384-21841-59026-14543-36401

There can be an arbitrary number of sqlite_stat4 entries per index. (source fileformat2.html)

R-11836-25368-59503-10557-36932-45800-11418-22171

If the declared type for a column contains the string "BLOB" or if no type is specified then the column has affinity NONE. (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_01.test)

R-11848-39326-04026-39006-16097-08947-10502-17699

When secure-delete on, SQLite overwrites deleted content with zeros. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/pragma20.test)

R-11856-19836-24274-28109-29706-17487-59516-28752

For example: -- Database schema CREATE TABLE artist( artistid INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, artistname TEXT ); CREATE TABLE track( trackid INTEGER, trackname TEXT, trackartist INTEGER DEFAULT 0 REFERENCES artist(artistid) ON DELETE SET DEFAULT ); sqlite> SELECT * FROM artist; artistid artistname -------- ----------------- 3 Sammy Davis Jr. sqlite> SELECT * FROM track; trackid trackname trackartist ------- ----------------- ----------- 14 Mr. Bojangles 3 sqlite> -- Deleting the row from the parent table causes the child key sqlite> -- value of the dependent row to be set to integer value 0. However, this sqlite> -- value does not correspond to any row in the parent table. Therefore sqlite> -- the foreign key constraint is violated and an is exception thrown. sqlite> DELETE FROM artist WHERE artistname = 'Sammy Davis Jr.'; SQL error: foreign key constraint failed sqlite> -- This time, the value 0 does correspond to a parent table row. And sqlite> -- so the DELETE statement does not violate the foreign key constraint sqlite> -- and no exception is thrown. sqlite> INSERT INTO artist VALUES(0, 'Unknown Artist'); sqlite> DELETE FROM artist WHERE artistname = 'Sammy Davis Jr.'; sqlite> SELECT * FROM artist; artistid artistname -------- ----------------- 0 Unknown Artist sqlite> SELECT * FROM track; trackid trackname trackartist ------- ----------------- ----------- 14 Mr. Bojangles 0 (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys18.test)

R-11896-08162-39829-09724-10165-05972-28450-60411

The "none" setting means that auto-vacuum is disabled. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma07.test)

R-11920-30904-34388-20276-30838-60938-49360-56760

If the result is NULL, then sqlite3_column_bytes16() returns zero. (source c3ref/column_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/column01.test)

R-11967-56545-48759-50416-31335-06796-11719-37759

The highwater mark is always 0. (source c3ref/c_dbstatus_options.html, checked-by: src/status.c)

R-11975-28707-46522-06276-23691-04065-63160-37521

The third and fourth parameters to this routine are passed directly through to the second and third parameters of the xFileControl method. (source c3ref/file_control.html)

R-11976-23534-61150-43568-11270-52721-42271-48852

If page B is a ptrmap page then back-link information about page B+1 is provided by the first entry on the pointer map. Information about page B+2 is provided by the second entry. And so forth. (source fileformat2.html)

R-12104-35971-65257-58163-03125-32650-03522-02366

If no ROWID is specified on the insert, or if the specified ROWID has a value of NULL, then an appropriate ROWID is created automatically. (source autoinc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/autoinc01.test)

R-12123-54095-45651-21328-13666-03690-37485-08653

The table-name specified as part of an UPDATE statement within a trigger body must be unqualified. (source lang_update.html, checked-by: tcl/e_update.test)

R-12168-36613-28272-64664-28588-05948-62910-42845

Freelist leaf pages bear no information that would need to be restored on a rollback and so they are not written to the journal prior to modification, in order to reduce disk I/O. (source fileformat2.html)

R-12183-43719-06718-33366-17178-17275-22858-03286

Table columns that do not appear in the column list are populated with the default column value (specified as part of the CREATE TABLE statement), or with NULL if no default value is specified. (source lang_insert.html, checked-by: tcl/e_insert.test)

R-12196-28473-08182-34058-05586-50846-36474-32114

Note that calling sqlite3_busy_timeout() or evaluating PRAGMA busy_timeout=N will change the busy handler and thus clear any previously set busy handler. (source c3ref/busy_handler.html)

R-12238-55120-28128-47311-07751-08633-28104-35625

Whenever a PRAGMA statement is parsed, an SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA file control is sent to the open sqlite3_file object corresponding to the database file to which the pragma statement refers. (source c3ref/c_fcntl_busyhandler.html)

R-12253-03857-23707-37833-05511-18068-12774-39997

If a memory allocation error occurs during the evaluation of any of these routines, a default value is returned. The default value is either the integer 0, the floating point number 0.0, or a NULL pointer. Subsequent calls to sqlite3_errcode() will return SQLITE_NOMEM. (source c3ref/column_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/column03.test)

R-12271-02651-64139-38097-45875-33970-39168-37355

If SQLite needs needs additional scratch memory beyond what is provided by this configuration option, then sqlite3_malloc() will be used to obtain the memory needed. (source c3ref/c_config_covering_index_scan.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/malloc07.test)

R-12275-61338-03637-10461-60018-19416-13010-07977

If the table has previously held a row with the largest possible ROWID, then new INSERTs are not allowed and any attempt to insert a new row will fail with an SQLITE_FULL error. (source autoinc.html, checked-by: src/vdbe.c, th3/req1/autoinc01.test)

R-12374-37755-19006-43319-29109-21110-40176-02153

The locking-mode is either NORMAL or EXCLUSIVE. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma04.test)

R-12385-29357-06321-01436-47924-30729-53833-26197

If any of the sqlite3_bind_*() routines are called with a NULL pointer for the prepared statement or with a prepared statement for which sqlite3_step() has been called more recently than sqlite3_reset(), then the call will return SQLITE_MISUSE. (source c3ref/bind_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/bind01.test)

R-12452-54941-39354-45567-09766-62540-46508-43420

Note that case insensitivity only applies to latin1 characters - basically the upper and lower case letters of English in the lower 127 byte codes of ASCII. (source optoverview.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/pragma02.test)

R-12507-28763-48132-30913-24133-27495-38799-45736

PRAGMA foreign_key_list(table-name); This pragma returns one row for each foreign key constraint created by a REFERENCES clause in the CREATE TABLE statement of table "table-name". (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma17.test)

R-12525-60165-32842-37850-04403-38425-48242-20323

In every case the first argument is a pointer to the prepared statement that is being evaluated (the sqlite3_stmt* that was returned from sqlite3_prepare_v2() or one of its variants) and the second argument is the index of the column for which information should be returned. (source c3ref/column_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/column01.test, th3/req1/column02.test, th3/req1/column03.test)

R-12526-56546-27211-20254-24569-61288-04911-18504

When auto-vacuum is disabled and data is deleted data from a database, the database file remains the same size. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma07.test)

R-12527-00403-29905-17103-05546-05821-61371-29057

If a NOT NULL constraint violation occurs, the REPLACE conflict resolution replaces the NULL value with the default value for that column, or if the column has no default value, then the ABORT algorithm is used. (source lang_conflict.html, checked-by: th3/req1/conflict02.test)

R-12556-35327-19465-37938-14363-50325-55527-10605

The rollback hook is invoked on a rollback that results from a commit hook returning non-zero, just as it would be with any other rollback. (source c3ref/commit_hook.html)

R-12572-62501-53672-53219-61722-28742-24509-13424

If the default value of the column is a constant NULL, text, blob or signed-number value, then that value is used directly in the new row. (source lang_createtable.html, checked-by: tcl/e_createtable.test)

R-12598-40983-37822-03408-00608-51890-59841-03948

The values returned by sqlite3_column_bytes() and sqlite3_column_bytes16() do not include the zero terminators at the end of the string. (source c3ref/column_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/column01.test)

R-12619-24112-49797-05907-40465-10736-26377-62710

The optional conflict-clause allows the user to nominate a specific constraint conflict resolution algorithm to use during this one UPDATE command. (source lang_update.html, checked-by: tcl/e_update.test)

R-12628-51384-03932-15263-35503-59702-54474-35956

For example, 0x1234 means the same as 4660 and 0x8000000000000000 means the same as -9223372036854775808. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: th3/req1/expr01.test)

R-12643-30541-59599-14693-16305-56231-57085-12905

The incremental blob I/O mechanism does not work for WITHOUT ROWID tables. (source withoutrowid.html, checked-by: tcl/without_rowid5.test, th3/cov1/vdbeblob01.test)

R-12645-39772-05350-58220-21808-12776-02132-01190

Or, if a constraint definition does not include a conflict-clause or it is a CHECK constraint, the default conflict resolution algorithm is ABORT. (source lang_createtable.html, checked-by: tcl/e_createtable.test)

R-12670-39947-34778-58945-43914-57818-35055-57037

Again, in this case the call to sqlite3_backup_step() can be retried later on. (source c3ref/backup_finish.html)

R-12691-50532-25744-05402-08971-51916-15594-38977

If the argument N is negative, then the number of cache pages is adjusted to use approximately N*1024 bytes of memory. (source pragma.html)

R-12693-31159-47760-14933-14712-45041-12329-60921

Each SCAN or SEARCH record includes the following information: The name of the table data is read from. Whether or not an index or automatic index is used. Whether or not the covering index optimization applies. Which terms of the WHERE clause are used for indexing. (source eqp.html, checked-by: th3/req1/eqp01.test)

R-12723-08526-08318-37597-13416-02611-20506-59607

SQLITE_LIMIT_EXPR_DEPTH The maximum depth of the parse tree on any expression. (source c3ref/c_limit_attached.html, checked-by: th3/req1/limit02.test)

R-12782-61841-54063-57500-26369-54791-20214-34360

To mark a foreign key constraint as deferred, its declaration must include the following clause: DEFERRABLE INITIALLY DEFERRED -- A deferred foreign key constraint (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys12.test)

R-12786-00766-63482-41386-10445-23868-47532-37384

The full amount of memory used by the schemas is reported, even if the schema memory is shared with other database connections due to shared cache mode being enabled. (source c3ref/c_dbstatus_options.html, checked-by: th3/req1/dbstatus02.test)

R-12793-43283-00395-32420-06808-58269-41877-63577

Every value in SQLite has one of five fundamental datatypes: 64-bit signed integer 64-bit IEEE floating point number string BLOB NULL (source c3ref/c_blob.html)

R-12804-26213-16166-58523-53387-54270-64862-30854

The highest recorded value is returned in *pHighwater. (source c3ref/status.html)

R-12830-59321-61911-43156-38228-08390-44545-62549

The RELEASE command starts with the most recent addition to the transaction stack and releases savepoints backwards in time until it releases a savepoint with a matching savepoint-name. (source lang_savepoint.html)

R-12831-20703-43607-22542-46423-65070-13678-01417

The query string consists of text following the first "?" character but excluding the optional fragment that begins with "#". (source uri.html)

R-12881-55998-05997-62769-52407-41437-37652-18188

When query results are sorted by an ORDER BY clause, values with storage class NULL come first, followed by INTEGER and REAL values interspersed in numeric order, followed by TEXT values in collating sequence order, and finally BLOB values in memcmp() order. (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_04.test)

R-12895-64156-28673-05493-20672-24033-21713-05965

Inner joins to the left and right of the outer join might be reordered if the optimizer thinks that is advantageous but the outer joins are always evaluated in the order in which they occur. (source optoverview.html)

R-12918-22499-05371-58391-59731-39477-30796-49007

The database-names 'main' and 'temp' refer to the main database and the database used for temporary tables. (source lang_attach.html, checked-by: th3/req1/attach01.test)

R-12940-37052-20666-01661-57871-26003-21807-26945

SQLITE_LIMIT_LIKE_PATTERN_LENGTH The maximum length of the pattern argument to the LIKE or GLOB operators. (source c3ref/c_limit_attached.html, checked-by: th3/req1/limit02.test)

R-12970-05880-15397-14967-05801-18246-49491-02402

SQLite will not use more than one scratch buffers per thread. (source c3ref/c_config_covering_index_scan.html, checked-by: src/malloc.c)

R-12993-07777-64601-19102-35955-36137-03402-56962

When multiple implementations of the same function are available, SQLite will pick the one that involves the least amount of data conversion. (source c3ref/create_function.html, checked-by: th3/req1/createfunc04.test)

R-13024-05443-37707-54511-29409-48512-10836-53316

Unrecognized arguments are silently ignored. (source fileformat2.html)

R-13053-11096-22952-42489-44628-35475-18449-44243

The maximum value is the value that would be returned last in an ORDER BY on the same column. (source lang_aggfunc.html, checked-by: slt/slt_lang_aggfunc.test, th3/req1/aggfunc01.test)

R-13057-33448-09671-56974-58075-51862-56508-46386

The number of columns in an index is limited to the value set by sqlite3_limit(SQLITE_LIMIT_COLUMN,...). (source lang_createindex.html, checked-by: th3/req1/createidx03.test)

R-13091-00020-15519-35390-14824-01225-60609-32585

Note that the authorizer callback is invoked only during sqlite3_prepare() or its variants. (source c3ref/set_authorizer.html)

R-13160-27901-08319-02808-35967-30729-30833-45529

A function where the encoding difference is between UTF16le and UTF16be is a closer match than a function where the encoding difference is between UTF8 and UTF16. (source c3ref/create_function.html, checked-by: th3/req1/createfunc04.test)

R-13161-58512-18507-02027-33184-52817-40400-65254

The subquery and the outer query do not both have ORDER BY clauses. (source optoverview.html)

R-13183-30817-63475-03286-24149-37029-58658-28178

Parameters of the form "?" without a following integer have no name and are referred to as "nameless" or "anonymous parameters". (source c3ref/bind_parameter_name.html, checked-by: th3/req1/bind04.test)

R-13202-07904-48267-48379-52833-39931-33063-23702


(source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma01.test)

R-13210-09522-30167-47682-54328-15503-65010-64185

Each entry in the table b-tree corresponds to a row of the SQL table. (source fileformat2.html)

R-13218-52911-52239-38149-59428-20218-28434-38936


(source lang_createindex.html, checked-by: th3/req1/createidx01.test)

R-13245-13613-20612-29669-51853-01593-36495-38547

SQLITE_BUSY means that the database engine was unable to acquire the database locks it needs to do its job. (source c3ref/step.html)

R-13260-31537-11743-16048-59346-34699-54178-04293

The following implementations are available in the SQLite core: SQLITE_MUTEX_PTHREADS SQLITE_MUTEX_W32 SQLITE_MUTEX_NOOP (source c3ref/mutex_alloc.html)

R-13264-56530-15604-47190-64669-54938-51022-12155

To find all elements of the index that are contained within the vicinity of Charlotte, North Carolina, one might do: SELECT id FROM demo_index WHERE minX>=-81.08 AND maxX=35.00 AND maxY (source rtree.html)

R-13279-06508-34532-04763-41016-09422-12015-14257

This interface returns a pointer to the next prepared statement after pStmt associated with the database connection pDb. (source c3ref/next_stmt.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/vdbeapi04.test)

R-13307-42286-48132-20191-27230-43917-16761-31093

The sqlite3_memory_used() routine returns the number of bytes of memory currently outstanding (malloced but not freed). (source c3ref/memory_highwater.html)

R-13324-20915-18608-14135-49913-18477-24470-37665

When two BLOB values are compared, the result is determined using memcmp(). (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_04.test)

R-13337-13961-14137-09012-22007-31627-17736-61931

If Z is negative then the abs(Z) characters preceding the Y-th character are returned. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/func02.test)

R-13345-31830-42625-35192-25815-10226-10074-63536

The escape character followed by a percent symbol (%), underscore (_), or a second instance of the escape character itself matches a literal percent symbol, underscore, or a single escape character, respectively. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-13435-26311-61176-01189-39199-58705-21930-17615

Usually, the parent key of a foreign key constraint is the primary key of the parent table. If they are not the primary key, then the parent key columns must be collectively subject to a UNIQUE constraint or have a UNIQUE index. (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys07.test)

R-13439-14752-32196-09382-64767-42844-00603-31803

The CREATE VIEW command assigns a name to a pre-packaged SELECT statement. (source lang_createview.html)

R-13480-46087-00976-25355-37821-19976-64055-41594

The sqlite3_data_count(P) will return non-zero if previous call to sqlite3_step(P) returned SQLITE_ROW, except in the case of the PRAGMA incremental_vacuum where it always returns zero since each step of that multi-step pragma returns 0 columns of data. (source c3ref/data_count.html)

R-13547-45635-56676-46930-62295-21423-36076-50678

The default isolation level for SQLite is SERIALIZABLE. (source pragma.html)

R-13549-01731-45628-33361-33638-05320-24749-58227

When immutable is set, SQLite assumes that the database file cannot be changed, even by a process with higher privilege, and so the database is opened read-only and all locking and change detection is disabled. (source c3ref/open.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/nolock01.test)

R-13561-46814-58902-48141-34775-52925-09120-28270

The sqlite3_result_text(), sqlite3_result_text16(), sqlite3_result_text16le(), and sqlite3_result_text16be() interfaces set the return value of the application-defined function to be a text string which is represented as UTF-8, UTF-16 native byte order, UTF-16 little endian, or UTF-16 big endian, respectively. (source c3ref/result_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/result02.test)

R-13591-51789-59523-18205-42201-39107-10748-36836

Newer versions of SQLite use the in-header database size if it is available but fall back to the actual file size if the in-header database size is not valid. (source fileformat2.html)

R-13593-05152-64764-04192-23453-35097-07783-21770

The application_id PRAGMA is used to query or set the 32-bit unsigned big-endian "Application ID" integer located at offset 68 into the database header. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/pragma20.test)

R-13595-45863-41975-17982-37007-43143-15451-31635

Note that SQLite allows the parenthesized list of scalar values on the right-hand side of an IN or NOT IN operator to be an empty list but most other SQL database database engines and the SQL92 standard require the list to contain at least one element. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: slt/in1.test, slt/in2.test, tcl/tkt-80e031a00f.test)

R-13615-19528-18270-26667-29979-02127-30381-22829

A 3-dimensional R*Tree has 7 columns. (source rtree.html)

R-13748-40725-63284-41855-27070-22763-27401-30101

The current value of the requested counter is returned. (source c3ref/stmt_status.html)

R-13776-21310-53568-57098-48778-28371-47670-31301

The count(*) function (with no arguments) returns the total number of rows in the group. (source lang_aggfunc.html, checked-by: slt/slt_lang_aggfunc.test, th3/req1/aggfunc01.test)

R-13779-07711-12405-44335-29719-17285-28240-52263

As long as exactly one connection is using a shared-memory wal-index, the locking mode can be changed freely between NORMAL and EXCLUSIVE. (source wal.html, checked-by: tcl/e_wal.test, th3/req1/pragma05.test)

R-13793-11620-18643-36656-33877-44501-53404-27731

For clarity: the values returned by sqlite3_column_bytes() and sqlite3_column_bytes16() are the number of bytes in the string, not the number of characters. (source c3ref/column_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/column01.test)

R-13825-09904-57638-18756-48748-29351-18570-35078

After a BEGIN EXCLUSIVE, no other database connection except for read_uncommitted connections will be able to read the database and no other connection without exception will be able to write the database until the transaction is complete. (source lang_transaction.html)

R-13846-35797-43647-43739-38644-55287-36020-16236

The random() function returns a pseudo-random integer between -9223372036854775808 and +9223372036854775807. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/func03.test)

R-13870-45783-04772-14716-53904-46370-14954-15973

The sqlite3_load_extension() interface attempts to load an SQLite extension library contained in the file zFile. (source c3ref/load_extension.html)

R-13876-13274-06329-28290-52708-34927-05709-26395

If foreign key constraints are enabled and a column with a REFERENCES clause is added, the column must have a default value of NULL. (source lang_altertable.html, checked-by: th3/req1/altertable01.test)

R-13877-64542-39833-15687-62784-10394-38782-49019

For an "ON UPDATE CASCADE" action, it means that the values stored in each dependent child key are modified to match the new parent key values. (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys16.test)

R-13903-46567-21188-22822-60227-64496-63410-06513

This means that when VACUUMing a database, as much as twice the size of the original database file is required in free disk space. (source lang_vacuum.html)

R-13931-10421-35283-26355-06468-08264-20065-34151

sqlite> EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT (SELECT b FROM t1 WHERE a=0), (SELECT a FROM t1 WHERE b=t2.c) FROM t2; 0|0|0|SCAN TABLE t2 0|0|0|EXECUTE SCALAR SUBQUERY 1 1|0|0|SEARCH TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i2 (a=?) 0|0|0|EXECUTE CORRELATED SCALAR SUBQUERY 2 2|0|0|SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i3 (b=?) (source eqp.html, checked-by: tcl/eqp.test)

R-13943-13592-05756-02149-18071-59821-47409-19193

A NULL result is considered untrue when evaluating WHEN terms. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-13958-53419-49614-06664-47934-29028-23296-04281

Supported unary prefix operators are these: - + ~ NOT (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-13981-28768-38524-42691-40554-58455-18349-16495

And a 5-dimensional R*Tree has 11 columns. (source rtree.html)

R-14014-59687-26564-37068-45971-48448-09846-38995

No affinity is applied to comparison operands for the implicit comparisons associated with UNION, INTERSECT, or EXCEPT - the values are compared as is. (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_07.test)

R-14034-00929-27099-16044-59671-40921-25544-35067

If an error code is returned, that error will propagate back up through the SQLite code base to cause the statement that provoked the callback to report an error, though the commit will have still occurred. (source c3ref/wal_hook.html)

R-14054-28168-18904-50700-49610-53857-56121-06395

The special encoding rules for columns with REAL affinity apply to WITHOUT ROWID tables the same as they do with rowid tables. (source fileformat2.html)

R-14066-27815-43543-12069-55137-11649-20472-34638

PRAGMA page_size; PRAGMA page_size = bytes; Query or set the page size of the database. (source pragma.html)

R-14068-49671-08903-14280-45288-40590-58798-59213

Parameters that are not assigned values using sqlite3_bind() are treated as NULL. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-14099-28081-41654-53120-44875-00301-46355-06140

If the commit hook returns non-zero, then the COMMIT is converted into a ROLLBACK. (source c3ref/commit_hook.html)

R-14168-07579-40145-07578-27946-11279-56601-46509

If there is no ELSE expression and none of the WHEN expressions are true, then the overall result is NULL. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-14184-13732-63564-17158-02009-26231-20937-39061

The SQLITE_FCNTL_FILE_POINTER value for the op parameter causes a pointer to the underlying sqlite3_file object to be written into the space pointed to by the 4th parameter. (source c3ref/file_control.html)

R-14195-12074-64677-06793-17072-43123-33020-17925

PRAGMA recursive_triggers; PRAGMA recursive_triggers = boolean; Query, set, or clear the recursive trigger capability. (source pragma.html)

R-14208-23986-02817-62350-58798-64603-05852-18001

If foreign key constraints are enabled when it is prepared, the DROP TABLE command performs an implicit DELETE to remove all rows from the table before dropping it. (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys16.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys22.test)

R-14213-41276-38760-54552-34093-20752-64281-40652

If the function pointer is NULL, the sqlite3_log() interface becomes a no-op. (source c3ref/c_config_covering_index_scan.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/log01.test)

R-14222-20715-36794-58646-49579-04398-47433-20385

Any attempt to create a function with a longer name will result in SQLITE_MISUSE being returned. (source c3ref/create_function.html, checked-by: th3/req1/createfunc01.test)

R-14302-38934-55936-51388-09326-06316-22131-13547

The new column may take any of the forms permissible in a CREATE TABLE statement, with the following restrictions: (source lang_altertable.html, checked-by: th3/req1/altertable01.test)

R-14349-34154-22313-18444-03285-54966-26711-64366

Note that the order of the rules for determining column affinity is important. (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_01.test)

R-14350-06824-15886-23716-53356-08607-64991-22845

If write-ahead log mode is disabled, this pragma is a harmless no-op. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma29.test)

R-14350-55458-23472-59439-25847-10170-60896-21467

If no successful INSERTs into rowid tables have ever occurred on the database connection D, then sqlite3_last_insert_rowid(D) returns zero. (source c3ref/last_insert_rowid.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/withoutrowid01.test)

R-14374-42468-63596-09513-53214-31321-61248-26314

This option sets the threading mode to Multi-thread. (source c3ref/c_config_covering_index_scan.html)

R-14396-37867-24413-20088-54172-40989-25899-41989

The SQLITE_FCNTL_FILE_POINTER case is a short-circuit path which does not actually invoke the underlying sqlite3_io_methods. (source c3ref/file_control.html)

R-14413-31567-12478-15952-22976-18615-46799-38246

The schema of the sqlite_stat1 table is as follows: CREATE TABLE sqlite_stat1(tbl,idx,stat); (source fileformat2.html)

R-14428-50133-01194-47236-05116-05687-25228-52456

The sqlite3_reset(S) interface resets the prepared statement S back to the beginning of its program. (source c3ref/reset.html, checked-by: th3/req1/reset01.test)

R-14442-41305-19421-12764-11199-11923-26443-20423

If the simple SELECT is a SELECT DISTINCT, then duplicate rows are removed from the set of result rows before it is returned. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-14450-37597-62750-52193-20411-23547-30776-32199

If SQLite is compiled with the SQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 compile-time option then the entire mutexing subsystem is omitted from the build and hence calls to sqlite3_config() with the SQLITE_CONFIG_GETMUTEX configuration option will return SQLITE_ERROR. (source c3ref/c_config_covering_index_scan.html, checked-by: src/main.c, th3/th3main.c)

R-14451-19951-27480-60238-09584-48372-64711-58964

If N is zero then memory mapped I/O is disabled. (source pragma.html)

R-14505-63184-58138-52966-27681-02252-30754-64236

An INTEGER or REAL value is less than any TEXT or BLOB value. (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_04.test)

R-14522-26183-36808-38782-13052-12335-19619-11308

The sqlite3_uint64 and sqlite_uint64 types can store integer values between 0 and +18446744073709551615 inclusive. (source c3ref/int64.html, checked-by: th3/req1/int64_01.test)

R-14553-34013-61751-37329-34569-35054-62588-04416

the complete database schema for efficient implementation of the foreign key constraint might be: CREATE TABLE artist( artistid INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, artistname TEXT ); CREATE TABLE track( trackid INTEGER, trackname TEXT, trackartist INTEGER REFERENCES artist ); CREATE INDEX trackindex ON track(trackartist); (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys09.test)

R-14560-62209-22846-15269-26800-65188-24586-57276

The sqlite3_blob_bytes() interface returns the size of the BLOB in bytes. (source c3ref/blob.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/vdbeblob01.test)

R-14657-30644-34370-47167-60626-33980-59304-18693


(source lang_select.html)

R-14659-39696-10424-47916-39889-02627-08327-31714

The second argument to the busy handler callback is the number of times that the busy handler has been invoked for the same locking event. (source c3ref/busy_handler.html)

R-14672-19530-25387-57734-27624-49837-27929-41109

This is the number of rows inserted into transient indices that were created automatically in order to help joins run faster. (source c3ref/c_stmtstatus_counter.html)

R-14708-27487-63029-62326-38556-29353-26608-43462

If either X or Y are NULL in instr(X,Y) then the result is NULL. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: tcl/instr.test)

R-14744-61161-64598-20723-40374-11950-32585-46634

Bindings are not cleared by the sqlite3_reset() routine. (source c3ref/bind_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/bind01.test)

R-14766-58202-15308-29968-00382-12498-08711-29514


(source lang_altertable.html)

R-14785-56733-25459-22277-14451-32364-47758-09418

Extension loading must be enabled using sqlite3_enable_load_extension() prior to calling this API, otherwise an error will be returned. (source c3ref/load_extension.html)

R-14809-12532-29849-37931-55866-36288-34668-62105

Every column of every table has an associated collating function. (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_09.test)

R-14816-14138-45914-00386-55030-19688-47427-16370

The sqlite3_mutex_enter() and sqlite3_mutex_try() routines attempt to enter a mutex. (source c3ref/mutex_alloc.html)

R-14854-58090-42318-16758-11511-55845-43125-55221

The xShutdown method is only called from sqlite3_shutdown() so it does not need to be threadsafe either. (source c3ref/pcache_methods2.html)

R-14875-52970-09502-55318-65489-30403-63848-22858

The last_insert_rowid() function returns the ROWID of the last row insert from the database connection which invoked the function. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/func01.test)

R-14900-25557-31284-25680-22043-43161-06380-24221

The schema-version and the user-version are big-endian 32-bit signed integers stored in the database header at offsets 40 and 60, respectively. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma28.test)

R-14910-56847-62053-50635-18205-13516-36644-08140


(source lang_altertable.html, checked-by: th3/req1/conflict01.test)

R-14926-50129-46614-17358-58969-23562-31943-57141

For the purposes of grouping rows, NULL values are considered equal. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-14939-51597-05360-59303-05672-13445-54821-20948

PRAGMA database.mmap_size; PRAGMA database.mmap_size=N Query or change the maximum number of bytes that are set aside for memory-mapped I/O on a single database. (source pragma.html)

R-14939-58295-46667-49876-44919-10267-12133-09440

For indexes on WITHOUT ROWID tables, N will be the number of columns indexed plus the number of columns in the primary key. (source fileformat2.html)

R-14970-42377-34844-46496-15895-42662-06341-12505

If this flag is set, then the F_FULLFSYNC syncing method is used during checkpoint operations on systems that support F_FULLFSYNC. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma11.test)

R-15060-13876-27196-24328-29262-37207-52735-33647

A 1-dimensional R*Tree thus has 3 columns. (source rtree.html)

R-15063-51342-39351-23162-57397-34240-32875-44138

A zero is returned if no matching parameter is found. (source c3ref/bind_parameter_index.html, checked-by: th3/req1/bind03.test)

R-15067-52851-39310-09608-48928-40262-32010-41531

The registration remains valid until it is replaced by a different module or until the database connection closes. (source c3ref/module.html)

R-15078-25200-47597-45134-52626-09709-11803-57181

However, if an insert fails due to (for example) a uniqueness constraint, the ROWID of the failed insertion attempt might not be reused on subsequent inserts, resulting in gaps in the ROWID sequence. (source autoinc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/autoinc01.test)

R-15111-17896-62926-21896-36187-36992-24278-56286

Numeric values (serial types 1 through 9) sort after NULLs and in numeric order. (source fileformat2.html)

R-15142-18077-19638-26452-28411-07428-50333-27294

A new R*Tree index is created as follows: CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE USING rtree(); (source rtree.html)

R-15162-34851-63939-05950-21084-00823-32030-36120

If the 5th parameter to sqlite3_exec() is not NULL then any error message is written into memory obtained from sqlite3_malloc() and passed back through the 5th parameter. (source c3ref/exec.html, checked-by: th3/req1/exec01.test)

R-15172-56782-14433-51557-38019-58913-08243-11771

The returned value is one of SQLITE_INTEGER, SQLITE_FLOAT, SQLITE_TEXT, SQLITE_BLOB, or SQLITE_NULL. (source c3ref/column_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/column01.test)

R-15181-32692-56132-34230-38418-33349-21648-47339

The last two forms change the journaling mode. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma23.test)

R-15199-61389-24637-25675-62796-22180-46893-15939

There are two basic forms of the CASE expression: those with a base expression and those without. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-15250-32031-29902-43107-55645-15949-41885-09210

The solution to enforcing one leader per team is to create a unique index on team_id but restricted to those entries for which is_team_leader is true: CREATE UNIQUE INDEX team_leader ON person(team_id) WHERE is_team_leader; (source partialindex.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/index01.test)

R-15264-45364-33795-29086-26475-46082-16234-09444

For the purposes of this routine, an INSERT is considered to be successful even if it is subsequently rolled back. (source c3ref/last_insert_rowid.html)

R-15265-60561-37978-57187-32005-16281-01684-16504

The second parameter is either the name of the database (i. (source c3ref/table_column_metadata.html)

R-15279-42727-36622-43533-51632-55419-55302-44871

Virtual tables methods can set an error message by assigning a string obtained from sqlite3_mprintf() to zErrMsg. (source c3ref/vtab.html, checked-by: th3/req1/vtab01.test)

R-15283-49521-12983-52199-46141-26319-45151-22196

If the table has never before contained any data, then a ROWID of 1 is used. (source autoinc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/autoinc01.test)

R-15326-32258-55998-27349-46389-10665-40357-65139

When multiple database connections share the same cache, changing the secure-delete flag on one database connection changes it for them all. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/pragma21.test)

R-15331-08345-58118-19144-46490-41902-30698-42442

The second parameter to the logger function is a copy of the first parameter to the corresponding sqlite3_log() call and is intended to be a result code or an extended result code. (source c3ref/c_config_covering_index_scan.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/log01.test)

R-15334-58407-28961-30248-32119-35017-40136-56612

A column that uses INTEGER affinity behaves the same as a column with NUMERIC affinity. (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_01.test)

R-15356-65223-28934-39981-61264-10821-14188-49484

SQLite does not use the lock-byte page. (source fileformat2.html)

R-15363-55230-31292-18565-56039-36923-37219-31589

If the default value of a column is CURRENT_TIME, CURRENT_DATE or CURRENT_TIMESTAMP, then the value used in the new row is a text representation of the current UTC date and/or time. (source lang_createtable.html, checked-by: tcl/e_createtable.test)

R-15400-09401-11917-03904-29330-15741-54444-34897

A keyword enclosed in square brackets is an identifier. (source lang_keywords.html, checked-by: th3/req1/keyword01.test)

R-15417-28014-30557-42534-17582-00197-65121-60035

Indices are not required for child key columns (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys07.test)

R-15442-09728-53714-13219-50103-51559-23392-54573

Furthermore, the data_store_directory pragma always assumes that any string that this variable points to is held in memory obtained from sqlite3_malloc and the pragma may attempt to free that memory using sqlite3_free. (source c3ref/data_directory.html)

R-15465-20813-03488-35934-00721-06683-61343-58043

The maximum and minimum embedded payload fractions and the leaf payload fraction values must be 64, 32, and 32. (source fileformat2.html)

R-15506-57666-56346-10655-27907-33619-59147-37222

The second callback argument is one of SQLITE_INSERT, SQLITE_DELETE, or SQLITE_UPDATE, depending on the operation that caused the callback to be invoked. (source c3ref/update_hook.html, checked-by: tcl/hook.test, th3/cov1/main15.test)

R-15514-65163-22430-27593-57969-12482-41561-35461

SQLite understands the following binary operators, in order from highest to lowest precedence: || * / % + - << >> & | < <= > >= = == != <> IS IS NOT IN LIKE GLOB MATCH REGEXP AND OR (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-15522-56042-47189-16162-53355-39499-48752-21999

For all of these errors, SQLite attempts to undo just the one statement it was working on and leave changes from prior statements within the same transaction intact and continue with the transaction. (source lang_transaction.html)

R-15548-18334-64551-32138-25458-60589-38835-29955

If the largest root b-tree page value is zero, then the database must not contain ptrmap pages. (source fileformat2.html)

R-15554-05778-32243-62840-23566-06701-05501-03594

SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_USED This parameter returns the number of allocations used out of the scratch memory allocator configured using SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH. The value returned is in allocations, not in bytes. Since a single thread may only have one scratch allocation outstanding at time, this parameter also reports the number of threads using scratch memory at the same time. (source c3ref/c_status_malloc_count.html)

R-15569-63625-32025-44445-56996-41662-23877-23571

If a CHECK constraint violation occurs, the REPLACE conflict resolution algorithm always works like ABORT. (source lang_conflict.html, checked-by: src/insert.c, th3/req1/conflict02.test)

R-15572-63310-25640-21443-38928-49206-01158-44169

So just because a column is declared to contain a particular type does not mean that the data stored in that column is of the declared type. (source c3ref/column_decltype.html)

R-15591-29646-42277-29522-47431-15135-45139-14151

This routine returns 0 if pStmt is an SQL statement that does not return data (for example an UPDATE). (source c3ref/column_count.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datacnt01.test, th3/th3util.c)

R-15607-52988-55821-17631-36260-55856-06121-21546

The added rows contain NULL values in the columns that would normally contain values copied from the right-hand input dataset. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-15618-12639-40629-36536-35814-47765-39575-62705

If it is NULL, then all attached databases are searched for the table using the same algorithm used by the database engine to resolve unqualified table references. (source c3ref/table_column_metadata.html)

R-15620-41309-18590-43642-05731-59843-28363-36322

In this case the call to sqlite3_backup_step() can be retried later. (source c3ref/backup_finish.html)

R-15629-60483-22088-30931-50587-36197-35177-56236

If the locking mode is EXCLUSIVE when first entering WAL journal mode, then the locking mode cannot be changed to NORMAL until after exiting WAL journal mode. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma05.test)

R-15639-02023-25709-58492-36578-59679-54928-11837

If no database-name is specified and there exists both a table or index and a collation sequence of the specified name, SQLite interprets this as a request to rebuild the indices that use the named collation sequence. (source lang_reindex.html, checked-by: tcl/e_reindex.test)

R-15639-28392-58947-52268-32213-59891-41102-62114

If a database name is specified, then only the named database is searched for the named object. (source lang_naming.html, checked-by: tcl/e_resolve.test)

R-15704-22093-19659-04811-31747-18777-12777-21799

If it is set to "ASC" (the default), then the data structures are optimized for returning results in ascending order by docid. (source fts3.html)

R-15707-53749-16663-50259-17040-65136-59107-02793

The LIKE optimization will only be attempted if the right-hand side of the GLOB or LIKE operator is either literal string or a parameter that has been bound to a string literal. (source optoverview.html)

R-15737-42560-39966-60421-02348-13704-23907-48839

Keyword arguments can optionally appear in quotes. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma01.test)

R-15741-50893-04622-59701-05174-07929-61978-12539

The child key index does not have to be (and usually will not be) a UNIQUE index. (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys09.test)

R-15796-47513-29721-16055-11683-21050-32207-60873

When comparing text values, the collating sequence associated with the parent key column is always used. (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys03.test)

R-15800-25719-02234-49112-58438-56406-07161-16214

If index-name does not exist or cannot be used for the query, then the preparation of the SQL statement fails. (source lang_indexedby.html)

R-15807-22461-03820-63759-43480-30184-16184-55723

The SQLITE_TRANSIENT value means that the content will likely change in the near future and that SQLite should make its own private copy of the content before returning. (source c3ref/c_static.html, checked-by: th3/req1/clearbind01.test, th3/req1/static01.test)

R-15818-17128-00123-39161-32371-64598-56479-09338

The first parameter is a prepared statement. If this statement is a SELECT statement and the Nth column of the returned result set of that SELECT is a table column (not an expression or subquery) then the declared type of the table column is returned. (source c3ref/column_decltype.html)

R-15825-58263-40535-43132-40682-17971-55847-38484

The psow query parameter overrides the powersafe overwrite property of the database file being opened. (source uri.html)

R-15842-53296-08003-60856-35696-17823-54223-09480

The WHERE clause on a query is broken up into "terms" where each term is separated from the others by an AND operator. (source optoverview.html)

R-15867-30493-08974-44645-42836-18647-48672-50550

The "." character is always used as the decimal point even if the locale setting specifies "," for this role - the use of "," for the decimal point would result in syntactic ambiguity. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: th3/req1/expr01.test)

R-15888-36326-49147-46840-54698-34618-50911-39482

Similarly, the "DEFAULT VALUES" form of the INSERT statement is supported for top-level INSERT statements only and not for INSERT statements within triggers. (source lang_insert.html, checked-by: tcl/e_insert.test)

R-15909-61171-23810-45611-13574-21954-09176-43834

In incremental mode, the separate incremental_vacuum pragma must be invoked to cause the auto-vacuum to occur. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma07.test)

R-15958-50233-58629-08203-04879-28676-03150-11250

As you would expect, it is not possible to manipulate the database to a state that violates the foreign key constraint by deleting or updating rows in the artist table either: sqlite> -- Attempting to delete the artist record for "Frank Sinatra" fails, since sqlite> -- the track table contains a row that refer to it. sqlite> DELETE FROM artist WHERE artistname = 'Frank Sinatra'; SQL error: foreign key constraint failed sqlite> -- Delete all the records from the track table that refer to the artist sqlite> -- "Frank Sinatra". Only then is it possible to delete the artist. sqlite> DELETE FROM track WHERE trackname = 'My Way'; sqlite> DELETE FROM artist WHERE artistname = 'Frank Sinatra'; sqlite> -- Try to update the artistid of a row in the artist table while there sqlite> -- exists records in the track table that refer to it. sqlite> UPDATE artist SET artistid=4 WHERE artistname = 'Dean Martin'; SQL error: foreign key constraint failed sqlite> -- Once all the records that refer to a row in the artist table have sqlite> -- been deleted, it is possible to modify the artistid of the row. sqlite> DELETE FROM track WHERE trackname IN('That''s Amore', 'Christmas Blues'); sqlite> UPDATE artist SET artistid=4 WHERE artistname = 'Dean Martin'; (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys01.test)

R-15968-48708-39759-44208-63382-65413-21684-48201

The other allowed parameters to sqlite3_mutex_alloc() (anything other than SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST and SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE) each return a pointer to a static preexisting mutex. (source c3ref/mutex_alloc.html)

R-15996-49369-09216-34166-12668-33958-11442-01163

This function returns the number of rows modified, inserted or deleted by the most recently completed INSERT, UPDATE or DELETE statement on the database connection specified by the only parameter. (source c3ref/changes.html, checked-by: tcl/e_changes.test)

R-15997-27576-09912-47070-23601-24983-46411-48984

PRAGMA read_uncommitted; PRAGMA read_uncommitted = boolean; Query, set, or clear READ UNCOMMITTED isolation. (source pragma.html)

R-16028-39081-19377-46684-10718-53381-04734-64750

The min() aggregate function returns the minimum non-NULL value of all values in the group. (source lang_aggfunc.html, checked-by: slt/slt_lang_aggfunc.test, th3/req1/aggfunc01.test)

R-16046-57096-05363-52910-04894-60844-28556-45944

If the "unordered" argument is present, then the query planner assumes that the index is unordered and will not use the index for a range query or for sorting. (source fileformat2.html)

R-16057-55834-34183-27727-54013-42481-60412-05224

The extension can add new functions or collating sequences, but cannot modify or delete existing functions or collating sequences because those functions and/or collating sequences might be used elsewhere in the currently running SQL statement. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/func03.test)

R-16074-54196-43824-25031-17914-10655-20694-13926

If the FROM clause is omitted from a simple SELECT statement, then the input data is implicitly a single row zero columns wide (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-16085-53730-63732-38499-15956-61706-03515-37986

If the optional IF NOT EXISTS clause is present and another index with the same name already exists, then this command becomes a no-op. (source lang_createindex.html, checked-by: th3/req1/createidx01.test)

R-16127-35442-25332-57824-03233-02546-37060-55461

The following SQLite command-line session illustrates the effect of the foreign key constraint added to the track table: sqlite> SELECT * FROM artist; artistid artistname -------- ----------------- 1 Dean Martin 2 Frank Sinatra sqlite> SELECT * FROM track; trackid trackname trackartist ------- ----------------- ----------- 11 That's Amore 1 12 Christmas Blues 1 13 My Way 2 sqlite> -- This fails because the value inserted into the trackartist column (3) sqlite> -- does not correspond to row in the artist table. sqlite> INSERT INTO track VALUES(14, 'Mr. Bojangles', 3); SQL error: foreign key constraint failed sqlite> -- This succeeds because a NULL is inserted into trackartist. A sqlite> -- corresponding row in the artist table is not required in this case. sqlite> INSERT INTO track VALUES(14, 'Mr. Bojangles', NULL); sqlite> -- Trying to modify the trackartist field of the record after it has sqlite> -- been inserted does not work either, since the new value of trackartist (3) sqlite> -- Still does not correspond to any row in the artist table. sqlite> UPDATE track SET trackartist = 3 WHERE trackname = 'Mr. Bojangles'; SQL error: foreign key constraint failed sqlite> -- Insert the required row into the artist table. It is then possible to sqlite> -- update the inserted row to set trackartist to 3 (since a corresponding sqlite> -- row in the artist table now exists). sqlite> INSERT INTO artist VALUES(3, 'Sammy Davis Jr.'); sqlite> UPDATE track SET trackartist = 3 WHERE trackname = 'Mr. Bojangles'; sqlite> -- Now that "Sammy Davis Jr." (artistid = 3) has been added to the database, sqlite> -- it is possible to INSERT new tracks using this artist without violating sqlite> -- the foreign key constraint: sqlite> INSERT INTO track VALUES(15, 'Boogie Woogie', 3); (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys01.test)

R-16179-57541-27339-65229-35614-47877-55057-18753

After the error message is delivered up to the client application, the string will be automatically freed by sqlite3_free() and the zErrMsg field will be zeroed. (source c3ref/vtab.html, checked-by: th3/req1/vtab01.test)

R-16185-00071-09955-21762-46377-47789-41533-03861

SQLite uses a cost-based query planner that estimates the CPU and disk I/O costs of various competing query plans and chooses the plan that it thinks will be the fastest. (source optoverview.html)

R-16230-40037-23249-35634-11042-62086-60136-18681

The LIKE and GLOB optimizations consist of adding two virtual terms like this: column >= x AND column < y (source optoverview.html)

R-16262-20798-18081-17023-40907-44361-41056-32016

If X is a string then characters indices refer to actual UTF-8 characters. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/func02.test)

R-16263-09274-39662-25002-11330-48229-57034-52902

Whenever the xFilename parameter is NULL it will also be the case that the flags parameter will include SQLITE_OPEN_DELETEONCLOSE. (source c3ref/vfs.html, checked-by: th3/th3testvfs.c)

R-16315-56881-31877-40762-35289-40185-03417-40758

SQLite uses the string pointed to by the 2nd parameter of sqlite3_result_error() or sqlite3_result_error16() as the text of an error message. (source c3ref/result_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/result01.test)

R-16335-41477-51529-00085-31320-00976-56017-05968

The implementation of the new function always causes an exception to be thrown. (source c3ref/overload_function.html)

R-16414-44006-60188-51992-58432-06816-36125-34058


(source lang_droptable.html, checked-by: th3/req1/droptable01.test)

R-16414-44626-57508-12770-26365-35758-32257-17918

strftime(format, timestring, modifier, modifier, ...) (source lang_datefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/date01.test)

R-16423-47210-04827-18220-00892-21798-11379-58569

SQLITE_CONFIG_LOOKASIDE sets the default lookaside size. The SQLITE_DBCONFIG_LOOKASIDE option to sqlite3_db_config() can be used to change the lookaside configuration on individual connections. (source c3ref/c_config_covering_index_scan.html)

R-16465-40078-63621-42444-05703-20205-45309-57719

An error is still returned if the table cannot be created because of an existing index, even if the "IF NOT EXISTS" clause is specified. (source lang_createtable.html, checked-by: tcl/e_createtable.test)

R-16489-33536-23753-27840-15577-08736-43956-56461

The "const char *" variable pointed to by the T parameter will be set to a zero-terminated UTF-8 string containing the EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN description for the X-th loop. (source c3ref/c_scanstat_est.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/status02.test)

R-16527-30573-16737-00630-62330-59603-54641-29152

Each call to sqlite3_backup_step() sets two values inside the sqlite3_backup object: the number of pages still to be backed up and the total number of pages in the source database file. (source c3ref/backup_finish.html)

R-16566-16123-02807-20883-30772-24192-15588-47043

If the fourth parameter to sqlite3_bind_text() or sqlite3_bind_text16() is negative, then the length of the string is the number of bytes up to the first zero terminator. (source c3ref/bind_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/bind01.test)

R-16571-11615-04832-08073-20760-06038-48883-17323

A value of 10 means the page is a leaf index b-tree page. (source fileformat2.html)

R-16584-60189-60940-01835-35282-37415-55139-16536

The LIKE operator does a pattern matching comparison. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-16618-15294-40098-25515-23421-58217-44729-28455

The xDestroy callback is not called if the sqlite3_create_collation_v2() function fails. (source c3ref/create_collation.html, checked-by: th3/req1/createcoll01.test)

R-16625-30785-18660-34070-49109-22249-51329-26220

CREATE TABLE t1( t TEXT, -- text affinity by rule 2 nu NUMERIC, -- numeric affinity by rule 5 i INTEGER, -- integer affinity by rule 1 r REAL, -- real affinity by rule 4 no BLOB -- no affinity by rule 3 ); -- Values stored as TEXT, INTEGER, INTEGER, REAL, TEXT. INSERT INTO t1 VALUES('500.0', '500.0', '500.0', '500.0', '500.0'); SELECT typeof(t), typeof(nu), typeof(i), typeof(r), typeof(no) FROM t1; text|integer|integer|real|text -- Values stored as TEXT, INTEGER, INTEGER, REAL, REAL. DELETE FROM t1; INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(500.0, 500.0, 500.0, 500.0, 500.0); SELECT typeof(t), typeof(nu), typeof(i), typeof(r), typeof(no) FROM t1; text|integer|integer|real|real -- Values stored as TEXT, INTEGER, INTEGER, REAL, INTEGER. DELETE FROM t1; INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(500, 500, 500, 500, 500); SELECT typeof(t), typeof(nu), typeof(i), typeof(r), typeof(no) FROM t1; text|integer|integer|real|integer -- BLOBs are always stored as BLOBs regardless of column affinity. DELETE FROM t1; INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(x'0500', x'0500', x'0500', x'0500', x'0500'); SELECT typeof(t), typeof(nu), typeof(i), typeof(r), typeof(no) FROM t1; blob|blob|blob|blob|blob -- NULLs are also unaffected by affinity DELETE FROM t1; INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(NULL,NULL,NULL,NULL,NULL); SELECT typeof(t), typeof(nu), typeof(i), typeof(r), typeof(no) FROM t1; null|null|null|null|null (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_03.test)

R-16646-21584-46697-05681-31663-32907-36469-00200

Assuming that customer records are stored in the "customers" table, and that order records are stored in the "orders" table, the following UPDATE trigger ensures that all associated orders are redirected when a customer changes his or her address: CREATE TRIGGER update_customer_address UPDATE OF address ON customers BEGIN UPDATE orders SET address = new.address WHERE customer_name = old.name; END; With this trigger installed, executing the statement: UPDATE customers SET address = '1 Main St.' WHERE name = 'Jack Jones'; causes the following to be automatically executed: UPDATE orders SET address = '1 Main St.' WHERE customer_name = 'Jack Jones'; (source lang_createtrigger.html)

R-16667-09772-49719-31383-20699-54843-21151-14987

A table created using CREATE TABLE AS has no PRIMARY KEY and no constraints of any kind. The default value of each column is NULL. The default collation sequence for each column of the new table is BINARY. (source lang_createtable.html, checked-by: tcl/e_createtable.test)

R-16677-54172-01660-13905-64102-51935-20932-64314

All spaces following the first two keywords are converted into a single space. (source fileformat2.html)

R-16678-63672-23479-17788-13288-21597-25259-37744

If an INSERT occurs within a trigger or within a virtual table method, then this routine will return the rowid of the inserted row as long as the trigger or virtual table method is running. But once the trigger or virtual table method ends, the value returned by this routine reverts to what it was before the trigger or virtual table method began. (source c3ref/last_insert_rowid.html)

R-16717-50504-54717-12200-54209-43488-56382-57633

Each R*Tree index is a virtual table with an odd number of columns between 3 and 11. (source rtree.html)

R-16735-29088-33516-22402-46874-28284-28835-57919

When two TEXT values are compared an appropriate collating sequence is used to determine the result. (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_04.test)

R-16748-44311-29408-30496-47489-38562-34902-17551

If the specified table is actually a view, an error code is returned. (source c3ref/table_column_metadata.html)

R-16775-34716-48016-59856-43563-01952-64923-08515

You cannot DELETE, INSERT, or UPDATE a view. (source lang_createview.html, checked-by: slt/slt_lang_createview.test)

R-16824-07538-50218-17384-27705-17061-18390-01878

Support for the diagnostic functions sqlite3_compileoption_used() and sqlite3_compileoption_get() may be omitted by specifying the SQLITE_OMIT_COMPILEOPTION_DIAGS option at compile time. (source c3ref/compileoption_get.html)

R-16827-00445-01454-02839-55616-25552-42712-08872

These routines should return true if the mutex in their argument is held or not held, respectively, by the calling thread. (source c3ref/mutex_held.html)

R-16876-26469-56495-43773-04643-04870-06914-01150

However, in many cases you can use an INSTEAD OF trigger on the view to accomplish the same thing. (source lang_createview.html)

R-16907-50223-28692-47460-07440-02664-00215-50680

The SQL syntax for custom queries is the same regardless of which interface, sqlite3_rtree_geometry_callback() or sqlite3_rtree_query_callback(), is used to register the SQL function. (source rtree.html)

R-16960-46772-37295-51769-03234-47143-37776-03273

The xSetSystemCall(), xGetSystemCall(), and xNestSystemCall() interfaces are not used by the SQLite core. (source c3ref/vfs.html)

R-16984-47079-59652-11585-17814-53725-42803-65209

If the SQLITE_ENABLE_ATOMIC_WRITE option is disabled or if xDeviceCharacteristics reports no suitable atomic write page sizes, then the default page size is the larger of SQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE and the sector size as reported by the xSectorSize method of the sqlite3_io_methods object, but not more than SQLITE_MAX_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE. (source pragma.html)

R-17002-27534-60658-04301-02636-10331-43886-13324

The %z format is interchangeable with %s. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: tcl/printf2.test, th3/cov1/printf08.test)

R-17004-26469-33978-15550-51185-63234-25288-10208

Multiple collating functions can be registered using the same name but with different eTextRep parameters and SQLite will use whichever function requires the least amount of data transformation. (source c3ref/create_collation.html, checked-by: th3/req1/createcoll01.test)

R-17039-33674-48721-19365-01161-03583-42602-47199

If this global variable is made to point to a string which is the name of a folder (a.k.a. directory), then all database files specified with a relative pathname and created or accessed by SQLite when using a built-in windows VFS will be assumed to be relative to that directory. (source c3ref/data_directory.html)

R-17042-32466-08129-56782-39216-07667-22453-46462

In the current implementation, the update hook is not invoked when duplication rows are deleted because of an ON CONFLICT REPLACE clause. (source c3ref/update_hook.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/main15.test)

R-17066-08509-20793-46689-03241-48208-02822-18117

The multi-argument min() function searches its arguments from left to right for an argument that defines a collating function and uses that collating function for all string comparisons. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/func03.test)

R-17100-46000-36927-33778-08378-49986-19867-19918

The sqlite3_column_name() interface returns a pointer to a zero-terminated UTF-8 string and sqlite3_column_name16() returns a pointer to a zero-terminated UTF-16 string. (source c3ref/column_name.html)

R-17129-39366-12879-37953-16940-52651-36509-01278

The SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 and SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4 options causes the ANALYZE command to collect a histogram of column content in the sqlite_stat3 or sqlite_stat4 tables and to use this histogram to make a better guess at the best query to use for range constraints such as the above. (source optoverview.html)

R-17146-37073-08858-03066-53488-24451-10311-22699

Within a trigger program each INSERT, UPDATE and DELETE statement sets the value returned by sqlite3_changes() upon completion as normal. Of course, this value will not include any changes performed by sub-triggers, as the sqlite3_changes() value will be saved and restored after each sub-trigger has run. (source c3ref/changes.html, checked-by: tcl/e_changes.test)

R-17151-07205-10894-28299-62821-16887-02117-62221

The sort order may or may not be ignored depending on the database file format, and in particular the schema format number. (source lang_createindex.html, checked-by: th3/req1/createidx02.test)

R-17155-65128-55367-02909-54957-13687-23759-15796

Note that number of bytes stored on the index page is never less than M. (source fileformat2.html)

R-17170-44824-25231-14155-44143-54372-37097-06690

The eTextRep argument determines the encoding of strings passed to the collating function callback, xCallback. (source c3ref/create_collation.html, checked-by: th3/req1/createcoll01.test)

R-17203-10061-39568-47821-02948-38975-34395-48032

Calling sqlite3_free() with a pointer previously returned by sqlite3_malloc() or sqlite3_realloc() releases that memory so that it might be reused. (source c3ref/free.html, checked-by: th3/req1/malloc02.test)

R-17214-00187-14647-63723-32271-54121-20436-59365

The COLLATE clause optionally following each column name defines a collating sequence used for text entries in that column. (source lang_createindex.html, checked-by: th3/req1/createidx01.test)

R-17228-37124-21945-03605-09770-36410-30558-62639

If the action code is SQLITE_DELETE and the callback returns SQLITE_IGNORE then the DELETE operation proceeds but the truncate optimization is disabled and all rows are deleted individually. (source c3ref/set_authorizer.html)

R-17240-35716-59130-08615-61479-53865-13755-44261

SQLITE_DBSTATUS_DEFERRED_FKS This parameter returns zero for the current value if and only if all foreign key constraints (deferred or immediate) have been resolved. (source c3ref/c_dbstatus_options.html)

R-17269-58859-62979-20789-28373-02283-01402-32903

The pArg argument is passed through to the callback. (source c3ref/commit_hook.html)

R-17281-16308-33178-56515-05121-55748-05760-11993


(source lang_createtrigger.html)

R-17287-60737-33985-12645-22938-14534-06595-16406

Immediately following the wal-header are zero or more frames. (source fileformat2.html)

R-17313-07189-19129-06928-03198-35699-51824-58751

The S and M arguments passed to sqlite3_backup_init(D,N,S,M) identify the database connection and database name of the source database, respectively. (source c3ref/backup_finish.html, checked-by: th3/req1/backup02.test)

R-17329-35644-14084-44573-27599-05498-14002-35742

If both arguments X and Y to instr(X,Y) are non-NULL and are not BLOBs then both are interpreted as strings. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: tcl/instr.test)

R-17341-41375-54397-54408-61756-02302-26643-35471

This is the number of times that SQLite has stepped forward in a table as part of a full table scan. (source c3ref/c_stmtstatus_counter.html)

R-17379-32951-58399-57501-33498-60036-41846-10214

Any attempt to insert a duplicate entry will result in an error. (source lang_createindex.html, checked-by: th3/req1/createidx01.test)

R-17422-06514-52731-10932-24026-18729-00047-10893

The sqlite_master table contains one row for each table, index, view, and trigger (collectively "objects") in the database schema, except there is no entry for the sqlite_master table itself. (source fileformat2.html)

R-17458-15700-03472-60284-42134-49579-06923-34319

The sqlite3_stmt_busy(S) interface returns false if S is a NULL pointer. (source c3ref/stmt_busy.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/vdbeapi03.test)

R-17482-00398-10630-63000-62255-53684-56492-08333

If the authority is not an empty string or "localhost", an error is returned to the caller. (source c3ref/open.html, checked-by: tcl/e_uri.test)

R-17492-23689-45221-32265-21110-48367-63159-32778

The SQLITE_CONFIG_HEAP option specifies a static memory buffer that SQLite will use for all of its dynamic memory allocation needs beyond those provided for by SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH and SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE. (source c3ref/c_config_covering_index_scan.html, checked-by: th3/th3main.c)

R-17495-17419-60080-02439-41171-12294-54829-31710

The VACUUM command may change the ROWIDs of entries in any tables that do not have an explicit INTEGER PRIMARY KEY. (source lang_vacuum.html, checked-by: tcl/e_vacuum.test, th3/cov1/vacuum01.test)

R-17497-43474-02755-40707-55508-06941-43855-44277

Likewise, registering a callback using sqlite3_wal_hook() disables the automatic checkpoint mechanism configured by this function. (source c3ref/wal_autocheckpoint.html)

R-17503-25110-05842-17616-27745-25701-57748-55330

If the WAL contains no copies of page P that are valid and which are a commit frame or are followed by a commit frame, then page P is read from the database file. (source fileformat2.html)

R-17503-44008-12544-16508-15108-35473-45615-30294

The default implementation stores all statistics in a single table named "sqlite_stat1". (source lang_analyze.html, checked-by: th3/req1/analyze01.test)

R-17527-22739-13874-05126-20619-29164-21106-56855

Parameter OutputType Description 5th const char* Data type 6th const char* Name of default collation sequence 7th int True if column has a NOT NULL constraint 8th int True if column is part of the PRIMARY KEY 9th int True if column is AUTOINCREMENT (source c3ref/table_column_metadata.html)

R-17537-00183-53931-12298-10408-12793-18687-03447

A similar effect occurs when the original date is February 29 of a leapyear and the modifier is ±N years where N is not a multiple of four. (source lang_datefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/date01.test)

R-17564-54218-01993-46231-42657-60991-50837-12624

If the resetFlag is true, then the highest record value is reset after *pHighwater is written. (source c3ref/status.html)

R-17591-50446-37876-17822-10375-27592-36497-28987

Boolean values are stored as integers 0 (false) and 1 (true). (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_01.test)

R-17596-52174-25214-41225-30917-27450-40075-28590

A particular database will use either a rollback journal or a WAL, but not both at the same time. (source fileformat2.html)

R-17615-49737-42602-31197-05538-64484-08202-17390

A negative number implies no limit. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma26.test)

R-17628-54414-54605-31939-57279-20393-13350-52356

The next time SQLite attempts to open the database file, the presence of the rollback journal file will be detected and the journal will be automatically played back to restore the database to its state at the start of the incomplete transaction. (source fileformat2.html)

R-17644-02150-10619-56225-58542-30426-53377-14747

The sqlite3_create_module_v2() interface has a fifth parameter which is a pointer to a destructor for the pClientData. (source c3ref/create_module.html)

R-17644-24322-63248-40281-26514-10793-04355-46693

Notice that all other date and time functions can be expressed in terms of strftime(): FunctionEquivalent strftime() date(...) strftime('%Y-%m-%d', ...) time(...) strftime('%H:%M:%S', ...) datetime(...) strftime('%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S', ...) julianday(...) strftime('%J', ...) (source lang_datefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/date01.test)

R-17649-15849-35753-42057-40699-31210-64804-10043

If the implicit DELETE FROM executed as part of a DROP TABLE command violates any immediate foreign key constraints, an error is returned and the table is not dropped. (source lang_droptable.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/fkey24.test, th3/req1/droptable01.test)

R-17683-59594-13579-14757-04762-40863-05270-49270

At various points during the compilation process, as logic is being created to perform various actions, the authorizer callback is invoked to see if those actions are allowed. (source c3ref/set_authorizer.html)

R-17719-44813-04835-03337-09891-18871-23593-16128

An aggregate SQL function requires an implementation of xStep and xFinal and NULL pointer must be passed for xFunc. (source c3ref/create_function.html, checked-by: th3/req1/createfunc03.test)

R-17719-64233-56665-24727-28694-41697-48581-47600

Each frame consists of a 24-byte frame-header followed by a page-size bytes of page data. (source fileformat2.html)

R-17746-39108-25168-47884-07203-13722-37711-19749

Pointers to the right of X refer to pages where all keys are greater than X. (source fileformat2.html)

R-17759-10613-53810-53402-33339-35108-00085-57750

Most R*Tree queries use a depth-first search. This is accomplished by setting the rScore equal to iLevel. (source rtree.html)

R-17762-10110-24222-01374-10453-56278-15219-43086

SQLITE_STATUS_PARSER_STACK This parameter records the deepest parser stack. It is only meaningful if SQLite is compiled with YYTRACKMAXSTACKDEPTH. (source c3ref/c_status_malloc_count.html)

R-17768-43126-25682-30166-03658-34000-04918-35023

The name of a result column is the value of the "AS" clause for that column, if there is an AS clause. (source c3ref/column_name.html)

R-17798-13675-27820-07837-10441-41691-34434-18481

The sqlite3_wal_hook() function is used to register a callback that will be invoked each time a database connection commits data to a write-ahead log (i. (source c3ref/wal_hook.html)

R-17805-37710-17139-40895-40838-31681-06316-29590

However, SQLite will nest the loops in a different order if doing so will help it to select better indices. (source optoverview.html)

R-17813-59917-28416-42043-07798-63455-03406-14313

PRAGMA incremental_vacuum(N); The incremental_vacuum pragma causes up to N pages to be removed from the freelist. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma21.test)

R-17817-46062-61072-05424-12542-62157-01447-33721

If an error occurs within sqlite3_backup_init(D,N,S,M), then NULL is returned and an error code and error message are stored in the destination database connection D. (source c3ref/backup_finish.html, checked-by: th3/req1/backup02.test)

R-17840-50075-33076-39937-50165-09009-15721-26614

In ordinary indexes, there is exactly one entry in the index for every row in the table. (source partialindex.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/index01.test)

R-17846-38304-36602-38159-60525-20130-23266-48850

If a WHEN clause is supplied, the SQL statements specified are only executed for rows for which the WHEN clause is true. (source lang_createtrigger.html, checked-by: slt/slt_lang_createtrigger.test)

R-17847-41579-08261-19893-13376-57099-17968-14055

The third parameter (nArg) is the number of arguments that the SQL function or aggregate takes. (source c3ref/create_function.html, checked-by: th3/req1/createfunc02.test)

R-17878-35294-47697-18266-55769-35956-00477-22042

However, if there are any view definitions, or statements executed by triggers that refer to the table being renamed, these are not automatically modified to use the new table name. (source lang_altertable.html, checked-by: th3/req1/altertable01.test)

R-17899-04554-16139-08865-17180-48146-22421-25181

Table names that begin with "sqlite_" are reserved for internal use. It is an error to attempt to create a table with a name that starts with "sqlite_". (source lang_createtable.html, checked-by: tcl/e_createtable.test)

R-17926-09424-52325-52888-31926-01436-23382-42237

The statistics gathered by this scan are stored in special database tables names shows names all begin with "sqlite_stat". (source optoverview.html)

R-17939-38828-17695-42161-08728-29310-38414-12197

The fifth parameter is an arbitrary pointer. The implementation of the function can gain access to this pointer using sqlite3_user_data(). (source c3ref/create_function.html, checked-by: th3/req1/userdata01.test)

R-17957-41878-23952-00530-42808-37166-56745-23900

In the following query, the optimizer is free to reorder the tables of FROM clause anyway it sees fit: SELECT * FROM node AS n1, edge AS e, node AS n2 WHERE n1.name = 'alice' AND n2.name = 'bob' AND e.orig = n1.id AND e.dest = n2.id; (source optoverview.html)

R-18043-40700-22598-52813-64197-51522-53393-10304

The psow query parameter works with the default windows and unix VFSes but might be a no-op for other proprietary or non-standard VFSes. (source uri.html)

R-18085-46797-38544-57069-39269-06542-00638-19188

numeric arguments in parentheses that following the type name (ex: "VARCHAR(255)") are ignored (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_02.test)

R-18088-57186-13089-35997-22868-17352-00310-65503

For example, let the index be CREATE INDEX ex1 ON tab1(a,b) WHERE a=5 OR b=6; And let the query be: SELECT * FROM tab1 WHERE b=6 AND a=7; -- uses partial index Then the index is usable by the query because the "b=6" term appears in both the index definition and in the query. (source partialindex.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/index01.test)

R-18160-43138-45730-29033-18368-13452-34551-31953

PRAGMA foreign_keys; PRAGMA foreign_keys = boolean; Query, set, or clear the enforcement of foreign key constraints. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma18.test)

R-18160-48734-12487-09997-11031-61003-43897-08278

SQLITE_STATUS_MALLOC_SIZE This parameter records the largest memory allocation request handed to sqlite3_malloc() or sqlite3_realloc() (or their internal equivalents). Only the value returned in the *pHighwater parameter to sqlite3_status() is of interest. The value written into the *pCurrent parameter is undefined. (source c3ref/c_status_malloc_count.html)

R-18190-43830-34676-47582-56241-44977-21337-20567

If an error occurs and pzErrMsg is not 0, then the sqlite3_load_extension() interface shall attempt to fill *pzErrMsg with error message text stored in memory obtained from sqlite3_malloc(). (source c3ref/load_extension.html)

R-18219-48316-63080-50419-00617-04513-48558-33147

In other words, the values to the right of the IN operator (the "x", "y", and "z" values in this example) are considered to have no affinity, even if they happen to be column values or CAST expressions. (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_05.test)

R-18232-39104-31806-20551-06401-15021-42756-14177

The TEMP or TEMPORARY keyword is removed if it occurs after the initial CREATE keyword. (source fileformat2.html)

R-18347-31070-03027-11066-56518-02178-55511-27886

NULL values (serial type 0) sort first. (source fileformat2.html)

R-18369-35089-02774-53882-33695-33553-03042-04730

In each such row, the sqlite_stat.stat column will be a string consisting of a list of integers followed by zero or more arguments. (source fileformat2.html)

R-18401-29434-64954-06986-64183-65174-36377-46247

The ROLLBACK TO command reverts the state of the database back to what it was just after the corresponding SAVEPOINT. (source lang_savepoint.html)

R-18415-27776-07007-60952-17009-63601-11235-60103

For the purposes of the DEFAULT clause, an expression is considered constant if it does contains no sub-queries, column or table references, bound parameters, or string literals enclosed in double-quotes instead of single-quotes. (source lang_createtable.html, checked-by: tcl/e_createtable.test)

R-18439-38548-20374-55698-53430-21042-59445-48532

In other words, if the left-hand dataset consists of Nleft rows of Mleft columns, and the right-hand dataset of Nright rows of Mright columns, then the cartesian product is a dataset of Nleft×Nright rows, each containing Mleft+Mright columns. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-18444-13968-40811-25945-54439-20224-30854-05072

If the progress callback returns non-zero, the operation is interrupted. (source c3ref/progress_handler.html, checked-by: th3/req1/progress01.test)

R-18465-63076-46355-46123-39901-27541-22994-57422

The sqlite3_data_count(P) routine also returns 0 if P is a NULL pointer. (source c3ref/data_count.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datacnt01.test)

R-18500-08619-10931-07451-20568-56201-09385-55546

When the auto-vacuum mode is 1 or "full", the freelist pages are moved to the end of the database file and the database file is truncated to remove the freelist pages at every transaction commit. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma07.test)

R-18509-21923-06285-21395-08287-44781-54571-62637

In a well-formed sqlite_stat4 table, the samples for any single index must appear in the same order that they occur in the index. In other words, if entry S1 is earlier in the index b-tree than entry S2, then in the sqlite_stat4 table, sample S1 must have a smaller rowid than sample S2. (source fileformat2.html)

R-18567-63872-28950-34991-21095-45728-61145-64681

The 4th argument to sqlite3_exec() is relayed through to the 1st argument of each callback invocation. (source c3ref/exec.html, checked-by: th3/req1/exec01.test)

R-18628-11938-58280-60424-32964-58816-64179-48454

If the LIMIT expression evaluates to non-negative value N and the UPDATE statement has an ORDER BY clause, then all rows that would be updated in the absence of the LIMIT clause are sorted according to the ORDER BY and the first N updated. (source lang_update.html, checked-by: tcl/e_update.test)

R-18631-41208-43388-63249-34853-01959-38546-59391


(source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma01.test)

R-18647-19134-19380-29637-44351-16953-64174-60159


(source lang_comment.html, checked-by: th3/req1/comment01.test)

R-18658-48735-17951-17191-40214-20850-63941-45114

The third parameter passed to the logger is log message after formatting via sqlite3_snprintf(). (source c3ref/c_config_covering_index_scan.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/log01.test)

R-18665-26680-08407-38690-15882-41528-44716-07525

The in-header database size is only considered to be valid if it is non-zero and if the 4-byte change counter at offset 24 exactly matches the 4-byte version-valid-for number at offset 92. (source fileformat2.html)

R-18669-12610-19021-20460-56494-30622-24671-33359

A successful call to sqlite3_backup_init() returns a pointer to an sqlite3_backup object. (source c3ref/backup_finish.html, checked-by: th3/req1/backup02.test)

R-18684-41029-50457-11697-46944-61670-11271-59779

When no rows match an aggregate query, the xStep() callback of the aggregate function implementation is never called and xFinal() is called exactly once. In those cases, sqlite3_aggregate_context() might be called for the first time from within xFinal(). (source c3ref/aggregate_context.html, checked-by: th3/req1/aggcntx01.test)

R-18692-17694-63404-11739-00590-02418-57066-37741

If the table being renamed has triggers or indices, then these remain attached to the table after it has been renamed. (source lang_altertable.html, checked-by: th3/req1/altertable01.test)

R-18701-28385-27325-47261-28842-16656-24212-49294

If sqlite3_realloc(X,N) returns NULL and N is positive, then the prior allocation is not freed. (source c3ref/free.html, checked-by: th3/req1/malloc02.test)

R-18704-11310-00361-09874-55363-04630-52581-24803

As an example, consider the following SQL: CREATE TABLE ex25(a,b,c,d,e,PRIMARY KEY(d,c,a)) WITHOUT rowid; CREATE INDEX ex25ce ON ex25(c,e); CREATE INDEX ex25acde ON ex25(a,c,d,e); Each row in the ex25ce index of the example above consists of a record containing the following columns: c, e, d, a. The first two columns are the columns being indexed, c and e. The remaining columns are the primary key of the corresponding table row. Normally, the primary key would be columns d, c, and a, but because column c already appears earlier in the index, it is omitted from the key suffix. (source fileformat2.html)

R-18705-33393-57819-41139-38249-59845-61429-28312

If neither ASC or DESC are specified, rows are sorted in ascending (smaller values first) order by default. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-18711-35549-27220-03897-01638-65186-51204-23198

The ROLLBACK command without a TO clause rolls backs all transactions and leaves the transaction stack empty. (source lang_savepoint.html)

R-18721-11322-01126-64339-40438-59164-27470-15171

If the SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA file control returns any result code other than SQLITE_OK or SQLITE_NOTFOUND, that means that the VFS encountered an error while handling the PRAGMA and the compilation of the PRAGMA fails with an error. (source c3ref/c_fcntl_busyhandler.html)

R-18741-16139-46901-23037-06510-07608-27753-13735

If the third parameter to sqlite3_result_error() or sqlite3_result_error16() is negative then SQLite takes as the error message all text up through the first zero character. (source c3ref/result_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/result01.test)

R-18773-06579-40569-18123-18199-49078-54792-42080

SQLITE_RANGE is returned if the parameter index is out of range. (source c3ref/bind_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/bind01.test)

R-18814-23501-09117-45657-61449-22992-54979-37312

Each time a row is inserted into the table by an INSERT statement that does not provide explicit values for all table columns the values stored in the new row are determined by their default values (source lang_createtable.html, checked-by: tcl/e_createtable.test)

R-18818-06259-05609-26467-03914-52420-50425-49000

A SAVEPOINT can be started either within or outside of a BEGIN...COMMIT. (source lang_savepoint.html)

R-18846-05946-40974-48701-32199-53032-10077-35779

With synchronous OFF (0), SQLite continues without syncing as soon as it has handed data off to the operating system. (source pragma.html)

R-18879-47479-26487-44670-60127-29624-08821-22011

If it is set to "DESC", then FTS4 stores its data in such a way as to optimize returning results in descending order by docid. (source fts3.html)

R-18885-42713-55126-22349-03815-15805-20030-42091

A column with REAL affinity behaves like a column with NUMERIC affinity except that it forces integer values into floating point representation. (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_01.test)

R-18895-27365-20289-12607-60428-18477-59440-44133

If the "TEMP" or "TEMPORARY" keyword occurs between the "CREATE" and "TABLE" then the new table is created in the temp database. (source lang_createtable.html, checked-by: tcl/e_createtable.test)

R-18913-19355-04042-04396-26693-02137-35105-64598

The fourth parameter is the number of pages currently in the write-ahead log file, including those that were just committed. (source c3ref/wal_hook.html)

R-18927-01951-35709-41382-23039-58065-29475-65248

Each column of the new row is populated with its default value, or with a NULL if no default value is specified as part of the column definition in the CREATE TABLE statement. (source lang_insert.html, checked-by: tcl/e_insert.test)

R-18962-08090-15768-27249-44223-08875-09432-04987

Hence, a cache created with bPurgeable false will never contain any unpinned pages. (source c3ref/pcache_methods2.html)

R-18964-51531-38235-16261-57269-07859-04237-25462

This function causes any pending database operation to abort and return at its earliest opportunity. (source c3ref/interrupt.html)

R-18968-56672-08189-06837-25504-50513-21713-31862

The ROWID chosen for the new row is at least one larger than the largest ROWID that has ever before existed in that same table. (source autoinc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/autoinc01.test)

R-18981-16292-44177-39464-49712-02547-36593-34843

When the defer_foreign_keys PRAGMA is on, enforcement of all foreign key constraints is delayed until the outermost transaction is committed. (source pragma.html, checked-by: tcl/fkey6.test, th3/cov1/fkey24.test)

R-18981-44563-59556-01794-47708-02337-53296-37760

The OFF journaling mode disables the rollback journal completely. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma25.test)

R-19003-27813-57127-49100-22413-58501-27554-18699

The SAVEPOINT with the matching name remains on the transaction stack, but all database changes that occurred after that SAVEPOINT was created are rolled back. (source lang_savepoint.html)

R-19021-59629-04270-46349-53725-18119-32890-29092

SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_OVERFLOW This parameter returns the number of bytes of scratch memory allocation which could not be satisfied by the SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH buffer and where forced to overflow to sqlite3_malloc(). The values returned include overflows because the requested allocation was too larger (that is, because the requested allocation was larger than the "sz" parameter to SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH) and because no scratch buffer slots were available. (source c3ref/c_status_malloc_count.html)

R-19069-01001-21275-64198-08959-57544-11845-18751

These routines are used to register a new virtual table module name. (source c3ref/create_module.html)

R-19114-56113-41752-64271-30879-46460-35912-30160

Different constraints within the same table may have different default conflict resolution algorithms. (source lang_createtable.html, checked-by: tcl/e_createtable.test)

R-19139-12267-31476-22597-30278-48901-50934-33461

If sqlite3_unlock_notify() is called with a NULL pointer as its second argument, then any existing unlock-notify callback is canceled. (source c3ref/unlock_notify.html)

R-19162-55388-28844-29887-54254-48882-22034-22486

The sqlite3_bind_zeroblob() routine binds a BLOB of length N that is filled with zeroes. (source c3ref/bind_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/bind01.test)

R-19178-27645-63083-26050-05481-47319-52943-38968

Otherwise, no affinity is applied and both operands are compared as is. (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/affinity01.test, th3/req1/datatype3_05.test)

R-19186-55658-49729-13397-54658-17694-41016-19836

The sqlite3_result_value() interface makes a copy of the sqlite3_value so that the sqlite3_value specified in the parameter may change or be deallocated after sqlite3_result_value() returns without harm. (source c3ref/result_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/result03.test)

R-19191-63561-27756-43312-31709-28608-52878-51689

In addition to the tables, indexes, views, and triggers created by the application and/or the developer using CREATE statements SQL, the sqlite_master table may contain zero or more entries for internal schema objects that are created by SQLite for its own internal use. (source fileformat2.html)

R-19194-50107-23350-24777-39179-56094-65469-19806

If this in-header datasize size is not valid (see the next paragraph), then the database size is computed by looking at the actual size of the database file. (source fileformat2.html)

R-19244-03478-32061-23000-56536-05403-47491-06826

The leaves have a level of 0. (source rtree.html)

R-19245-12964-15266-21259-12378-18812-33916-24209

The DELETE journaling mode is the normal behavior. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma23.test)

R-19249-32353-33767-36599-40313-00705-24761-59859

SQLITE_LIMIT_WORKER_THREADS The maximum number of auxiliary worker threads that a single prepared statement may start. (source c3ref/c_limit_attached.html)

R-19334-12811-52965-43642-11320-54818-13590-65507

Each group of input dataset rows contributes a single row to the set of result rows. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-19353-19546-22807-46023-33784-34102-06986-46730

A 2-dimensional R*Tree has 5 columns. (source rtree.html)

R-19353-43643-11289-35798-30332-46906-60350-15505

The last bullet above is illustrated by the following: CREATE TABLE parent2(a, b, PRIMARY KEY(a,b)); CREATE TABLE child8(x, y, FOREIGN KEY(x,y) REFERENCES parent2); -- Ok CREATE TABLE child9(x REFERENCES parent2); -- Error! CREATE TABLE child10(x,y,z, FOREIGN KEY(x,y,z) REFERENCES parent2); -- Error! (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys07.test)

R-19393-22085-63206-61334-35392-55321-46849-03619

For a string value X, the length(X) function returns the number of characters (not bytes) in X prior to the first NUL character. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/func01.test)

R-19404-45868-36670-49387-53766-10214-08555-10559

When the argument X to sqlite_compileoption_used(X) is a string which is the name of a compile-time option, this routine returns true (1) or false (0) depending on whether or not that option was used during the build. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/ctime02.test)

R-19406-19221-39828-63725-16599-34636-45225-33176

The destructor will also be invoked if the call to sqlite3_create_module_v2() fails. (source c3ref/create_module.html)

R-19445-36510-42868-48881-64287-13454-25209-36891

time(timestring, modifier, modifier, ...) (source lang_datefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/date01.test)

R-19454-21689-24466-55871-29604-18048-60005-14723

The sqlite3_memory_highwater() routine returns the maximum value of sqlite3_memory_used() since the high-water mark was last reset. (source c3ref/memory_highwater.html)

R-19480-30968-40912-48323-17771-07927-20882-34034

It can be applied to strings, numbers, blobs or NULL and it always returns a result with the same value as the operand. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-19486-35828-58507-08873-52072-46615-25523-07720

If the UPDATE statement has no ORDER BY clause, then all rows that would be updated in the absence of the LIMIT clause are assembled in an arbitrary order before applying the LIMIT and OFFSET clauses to determine which are actually updated. (source lang_update.html, checked-by: tcl/e_update.test)

R-19509-40356-60366-52142-26522-07330-31595-37095

Instead of a separate OFFSET clause, the LIMIT clause may specify two scalar expressions separated by a comma. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-19515-61262-57142-56165-47391-12804-63366-22975

If there is no match, a NULL pointer is returned. (source c3ref/vfs_find.html, checked-by: th3/req1/vfs01.test)

R-19553-64528-24132-56992-22388-20387-05422-50188

Total() never throws an integer overflow. (source lang_aggfunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/aggfunc01.test)

R-19570-53558-20410-64757-41149-53677-54257-63723

It is an error to specify a compress function without also specifying an uncompress function. (source fts3.html)

R-19619-42762-44736-08897-02902-26192-57996-46412

The INDEXED BY and NOT INDEXED clauses are not allowed on UPDATE statements within triggers. (source lang_update.html, checked-by: tcl/e_update.test)

R-19619-54598-52217-51985-41765-58210-14890-62978

The first argument to the busy handler is a copy of the void* pointer which is the third argument to sqlite3_busy_handler(). (source c3ref/busy_handler.html)

R-19628-13587-38733-35705-07447-40697-34819-47467

SQLite holds a write transaction open on the destination database file for the duration of the backup operation. (source c3ref/backup_finish.html, checked-by: th3/req1/backup01.test)

R-19648-30943-40070-65065-35301-05411-03146-42916

This option takes three additional arguments that determine the lookaside memory allocator configuration for the database connection. (source c3ref/c_dbconfig_enable_fkey.html, checked-by: th3/req1/dbconfig01.test)

R-19660-56479-36342-33235-14845-36400-09046-33188

The result of sum() is an integer value if all non-NULL inputs are integers. (source lang_aggfunc.html, checked-by: slt/slt_lang_aggfunc.test, th3/req1/aggfunc01.test)

R-19672-38383-43870-63614-05691-24053-06228-32918

The BEGIN command only works if the transaction stack is empty, or in other words if there are no pending transactions. (source lang_savepoint.html)

R-19673-40972-58319-61162-14300-46572-05681-35590

If executing the SELECT would return no rows at all, then the EXISTS operator evaluates to 0. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-19675-50792-48999-16201-33169-04003-56462-65180

PRAGMA index_list(table-name); This pragma returns one row for each index associated with the given table. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma15.test)

R-19696-22724-31246-18328-34316-54250-32558-13544

If logging is enabled, the zFormat string and subsequent arguments are used with sqlite3_snprintf() to generate the final output string. (source c3ref/log.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/log01.test)

R-19757-35036-22658-29796-35090-49616-44864-00036

The current value of the parameter is returned into *pCurrent. (source c3ref/status.html)

R-19785-02834-31233-04888-56980-35561-24739-27802

This pragma is a wrapper around the sqlite3_wal_autocheckpoint() C interface. (source pragma.html)

R-19803-45884-64369-17915-53923-43638-05068-02663

If an action is not explicitly specified, it defaults to "NO ACTION". (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: src/parse.y, tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys16.test)

R-19808-29370-64330-18475-42910-48751-21092-02221

The xDestroy() method is used to delete a cache allocated by xCreate(). (source c3ref/pcache_methods2.html, checked-by: th3/th3pcache.c)

R-19812-36779-26037-25587-55568-01966-51571-26935

If one operand is NULL and the other is not, then the IS operator evaluates to 0 (false) and the IS NOT operator is 1 (true). (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-19827-62289-58446-52993-02249-28252-12913-58361

If both virtual terms end up being used as constraints on an index, then the original BETWEEN term is omitted and the corresponding test is not performed on input rows. (source optoverview.html)

R-19836-11244-52903-63249-46309-23850-25183-00208

Example: X'53514C697465' (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-19846-48503-04889-44735-07429-55750-55258-63586

The value returned by sqlite3_msize(X) might be larger than the number of bytes requested when X was allocated. (source c3ref/free.html, checked-by: th3/req1/malloc02.test)

R-19854-42126-27972-10302-08269-22410-63996-33681

There are three arguments to SQLITE_CONFIG_HEAP: An 8-byte aligned pointer to the memory, the number of bytes in the memory buffer, and the minimum allocation size. (source c3ref/c_config_covering_index_scan.html, checked-by: src/main.c, th3/th3main.c)

R-19885-09448-58561-44146-11128-00310-35686-58085

The names of internal schema objects always begin with "sqlite_" and any table, index, view, or trigger whose name begins with "sqlite_" is an internal schema object. (source fileformat2.html)

R-19920-11576-34548-21403-56992-25102-09000-41133

However, newer versions of SQLite still avoid using the last six entries in the freelist trunk page array in order that database files created by newer versions of SQLite can be read by older versions of SQLite. (source fileformat2.html)

R-19950-45603-61367-58731-61290-49608-29406-34267

The first column of an SQLite R*Tree must always be an integer primary key. (source rtree.html)

R-19971-54976-54556-37696-16686-39038-59563-20085

Configuring "NO ACTION" means just that: when a parent key is modified or deleted from the database, no special action is taken. (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys16.test)

R-19982-00724-51550-61529-52295-40817-37605-44623

If pStmt is NULL then this interface returns a pointer to the first prepared statement associated with the database connection pDb. (source c3ref/next_stmt.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/vdbeapi04.test)

R-20051-05832-30877-26776-57299-30715-57449-61816

On windows, the first component of an absolute path is a drive specification (e.g. "C:"). (source c3ref/open.html)

R-20114-00650-50921-31839-02091-03883-56975-28214

Otherwise, the storage class of the result is determined by applying the rules for determining column affinity to the . (source lang_expr.html)

R-20149-25884-15163-16334-64710-02284-04877-02507

the following declaration does not result in "x" being an alias for the rowid: CREATE TABLE t(x INTEGER PRIMARY KEY DESC, y, z); (source lang_createtable.html, checked-by: tcl/e_createtable.test)

R-20205-17349-17235-26223-03175-26249-31726-44344

If the WHERE clause is not present, all records in the table are deleted. (source lang_delete.html, checked-by: tcl/e_delete.test)

R-20210-23164-18665-04349-57984-05045-09964-53374

Unregister a VFS with the sqlite3_vfs_unregister() interface. (source c3ref/vfs_find.html, checked-by: th3/req1/vfs01.test)

R-20244-07722-17778-50950-32360-26781-61977-13264

The list of integers in the stat column can optionally be followed by arguments, each of which is a sequence of non-space characters. (source fileformat2.html)

R-20262-06249-08007-38401-43127-56610-34465-06889

No rollback journal is ever created and hence there is never a rollback journal to delete. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma25.test)

R-20339-64003-24275-14776-38996-63966-02497-20063

Format 4 causes SQLite to respect the DESC keyword on index declarations. (source fileformat2.html)

R-20391-43527-53623-61319-58031-07910-46932-20040

If the source database is modified during a backup operation, then the values are not updated to account for any extra pages that need to be updated or the size of the source database file changing. (source c3ref/backup_finish.html)

R-20409-33051-08329-62436-45384-49643-45094-34288

The avg() function returns the average value of all non-NULL X within a group. (source lang_aggfunc.html, checked-by: slt/slt_lang_aggfunc.test, th3/req1/aggfunc01.test)

R-20413-39093-25878-54576-60732-55561-33363-27302

The first four bytes of each overflow page are a big-endian integer which is the page number of the next page in the chain, or zero for the final page in the chain. (source fileformat2.html)

R-20419-58047-32048-57525-49522-20687-43753-47745

When an SQL table that includes an INTEGER PRIMARY KEY column (which aliases the rowid) then that column appears in the record as a NULL value. (source fileformat2.html)

R-20446-37715-39007-53706-23139-04675-09949-14226

If no WHEN clause is supplied, the SQL statements are executed for all rows. (source lang_createtrigger.html, checked-by: slt/slt_lang_createtrigger.test)

R-20458-17724-23008-35851-11607-14288-61601-02157

The "utc" is the opposite of "localtime". "utc" assumes that the string to its left is in the local timezone and adjusts that string to be in UTC. (source lang_datefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/date01.test)

R-20467-43422-30485-36826-60194-40272-32740-00331

If an expression has an OFFSET clause, then the first M rows are omitted from the result set returned by the SELECT statement and the next N rows are returned, where M and N are the values that the OFFSET and LIMIT clauses evaluate to, respectively. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-20474-44465-10719-25363-46434-31101-34097-17120

Normally, the database page_size and whether or not the database supports auto_vacuum must be configured before the database file is actually created. (source lang_vacuum.html, checked-by: tcl/e_vacuum.test)

R-20486-33667-53440-39666-65031-09323-37959-22013

The content of the sqlite_sequence table can be modified using ordinary UPDATE, INSERT, and DELETE statements. (source autoinc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/autoinc01.test)

R-20501-61796-04411-55847-12265-31156-46104-30221

A value of 13 means the page is a leaf table b-tree page. (source fileformat2.html)

R-20520-54086-20387-28345-20691-46445-65238-30953

If SQLite is compiled with the SQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 compile-time option then it is not possible to set the Multi-thread threading mode and sqlite3_config() will return SQLITE_ERROR if called with the SQLITE_CONFIG_MULTITHREAD configuration option. (source c3ref/c_config_covering_index_scan.html, checked-by: src/main.c)

R-20533-60939-10698-49029-55085-32598-43205-37289

A single record is output for the parent (compound query) identifying the operation, and whether or not a temporary b-tree is used to implement it. (source eqp.html, checked-by: th3/req1/eqp01.test)

R-20560-39162-53987-29912-13699-13892-53398-21192

The UNION operator works the same way as UNION ALL, except that duplicate rows are removed from the final result set. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-20590-08726-45565-50300-40304-23510-62801-34037

It is an error to specify a value for the mode parameter that is less restrictive than that specified by the flags passed in the third parameter to sqlite3_open_v2(). (source c3ref/open.html, checked-by: tcl/e_uri.test)

R-20609-23860-31620-63775-42539-11534-17004-18607

The rollback journal file is always located in the same directory as the database file and has the same name as the database file but with the string "-journal" appended. (source fileformat2.html)

R-20637-43463-07167-46903-44256-61988-15144-63319

A simple SELECT statement is an aggregate query if it contains either a GROUP BY clause or one or more aggregate functions in the result-set. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-20643-25656-58463-39709-46255-05856-32679-34239

The sqlite3_data_count(P) interface returns the number of columns in the current row of the result set of prepared statement P. (source c3ref/data_count.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datacnt01.test, th3/th3util.c)

R-20665-17792-14135-29123-51100-08894-37624-05824

The result of any binary operator is either a numeric value or NULL, except for the || concatenation operator which always evaluates to either NULL or a text value. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-20690-50594-54745-63542-12245-05150-52761-00851

The second field of the b-tree page header is the offset of the first freeblock, or zero if there are no freeblocks on the page. (source fileformat2.html)

R-20753-15510-22939-07148-44219-41406-54417-64713

The sqlite3_stmt_busy(S) interface returns true (non-zero) if the prepared statement S has been stepped at least once using sqlite3_step(S) but has not run to completion and/or has not been reset using sqlite3_reset(S). (source c3ref/stmt_busy.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/vdbeapi03.test)

R-20764-08557-44636-37820-57025-55687-54503-45756

The must be registered with the SQLite database connection using sqlite3_create_module() or sqlite3_create_module_v2() prior to issuing the CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE statement. (source lang_createvtab.html)

R-20784-11852-57325-61888-34040-48421-29147-36386

Metadata is returned by writing to the memory locations passed as the 5th and subsequent parameters to this function. (source c3ref/table_column_metadata.html)

R-20790-14025-05441-59886-17616-40247-63857-04714

The sqlite3_threadsafe() function returns zero if and only if SQLite was compiled with mutexing code omitted due to the SQLITE_THREADSAFE compile-time option being set to 0. (source c3ref/threadsafe.html, checked-by: src/main.c)

R-20834-32774-17303-09721-34426-62948-58725-52030


(source lang_expr.html)

R-20854-17109-31337-20710-58230-10583-22919-16758

A CAST conversion is similar to the conversion that takes place when a column affinity is applied to a value except that with the CAST operator the conversion always takes place even if the conversion lossy and irreversible, whereas column affinity only changes the data type of a value if the change is lossless and reversible. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-20857-32692-20795-02101-46664-36777-53557-28223

The sqlite3_int64 and sqlite_int64 types can store integer values between -9223372036854775808 and +9223372036854775807 inclusive. (source c3ref/int64.html, checked-by: th3/req1/int64_01.test)

R-20915-35810-14572-42507-50726-14071-51730-17527

The second form of the pragma listed above is used to set a new limit in bytes for the specified database. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma26.test)

R-20944-50040-32536-32451-12201-33674-47359-21324

The default file format is set by the SQLITE_DEFAULT_FILE_FORMAT compile-time option. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma22.test)

R-20958-54138-45241-50664-65336-36333-30654-63832

An attempt to write to an expired BLOB handle fails with an error code of SQLITE_ABORT. (source c3ref/blob_write.html, checked-by: tcl/e_blobwrite.test)

R-20974-45876-55609-02198-26922-65375-59673-02037

Some systems (for example, Windows 95) do not support the operation implemented by sqlite3_mutex_try(). On those systems, sqlite3_mutex_try() will always return SQLITE_BUSY. The SQLite core only ever uses sqlite3_mutex_try() as an optimization so this is acceptable behavior. (source c3ref/mutex_alloc.html, checked-by: th3/th3util.c)

R-20983-25183-16317-48719-00472-39133-57551-19276

If sqlite3_config() is called after sqlite3_initialize() and before sqlite3_shutdown() then it will return SQLITE_MISUSE. (source c3ref/config.html)

R-21003-54221-59589-12513-12600-39825-11085-16301

The rowid is always available as an undeclared column named ROWID, OID, or _ROWID_ as long as those names are not also used by explicitly declared columns. (source c3ref/last_insert_rowid.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/withoutrowid01.test)

R-21024-07855-27912-21826-13192-43444-47677-34434

The primary key columns appear in the order they they were declared in the PRIMARY KEY clause and the remaining columns appear in the order they occur in the CREATE TABLE statement. (source fileformat2.html)

R-21062-30088-46553-38702-08225-06060-08730-53281

For the example above, one might create an auxiliary table as follows: CREATE TABLE demo_data( id INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, -- primary key objname TEXT, -- name of the object objtype TEXT, -- object type boundary BLOB -- detailed boundary of object ); (source rtree.html)

R-21148-64834-51953-28586-58289-58298-04009-03354

The "INSERT INTO table DEFAULT VALUES" form of the INSERT statement is not supported. (source lang_createtrigger.html)

R-21171-34919-23602-58467-34631-37001-49601-29313

The eParentWithin and rParentScore values are copies of the eWithin and rScore values from the containing subtree of the current row. (source rtree.html)

R-21179-11011-35531-44364-04825-01555-54528-36481

sqlite> CREATE INDEX i2 ON t1(a, b); sqlite> EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT a, b FROM t1 WHERE a=1; 0|0|0|SEARCH TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i2 (a=?) (source eqp.html, checked-by: tcl/eqp.test)

R-21182-58169-20146-54960-02459-65291-16580-58190

The replace(X,Y,Z) function returns a string formed by substituting string Z for every occurrence of string Y in string X. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/func03.test)

R-21225-56069-35831-25797-64710-47922-34566-13291

The SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH option specifies a static memory buffer that SQLite can use for scratch memory. (source c3ref/c_config_covering_index_scan.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/malloc07.test)

R-21228-24308-16193-26156-01988-42098-33808-34150

The sqlite3_cancel_auto_extension(X) interface unregisters the initialization routine X that was registered using a prior call to sqlite3_auto_extension(X). (source c3ref/cancel_auto_extension.html)

R-21228-58399-13607-54712-08787-36573-11741-23051

If M is greater than zero then after M page records the journal file may be zero padded out to the next multiple of the sector size and another journal header may be inserted. (source fileformat2.html)

R-21230-37464-43575-41237-19163-46428-41996-08800

The time string can be followed by zero or more modifiers that alter date and/or time. (source lang_datefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/date01.test)

R-21248-34301-14178-52249-38888-44158-13510-13358

Virtual terms are used for analysis only and do not cause any VDBE code to be generated. (source optoverview.html)

R-21255-50161-25810-42393-31454-28236-31767-53292

Example Typenames From TheCREATE TABLE Statement or CAST Expression Resulting Affinity Rule Used To Determine Affinity INT INTEGER TINYINT SMALLINT MEDIUMINT BIGINT UNSIGNED BIG INT INT2 INT8 INTEGER 1 CHARACTER(20) VARCHAR(255) VARYING CHARACTER(255) NCHAR(55) NATIVE CHARACTER(70) NVARCHAR(100) TEXT CLOB TEXT 2 BLOB no datatype specified NONE 3 REAL DOUBLE DOUBLE PRECISION FLOAT REAL 4 NUMERIC DECIMAL(10,5) BOOLEAN DATE DATETIME NUMERIC 5 (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_02.test)

R-21274-02227-62864-03639-07150-27166-13487-20730

The sqlite3_interrupt(D) call is in effect until all currently running SQL statements on database connection D complete. (source c3ref/interrupt.html)

R-21320-14810-43799-05408-58279-13675-12785-56952

The wal_checkpoint pragma returns a single row with three integer columns. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma29.test)

R-21339-62938-10206-60125-33641-63547-58173-02852

SQLITE_LIMIT_VDBE_OP The maximum number of instructions in a virtual machine program used to implement an SQL statement. This limit is not currently enforced, though that might be added in some future release of SQLite. (source c3ref/c_limit_attached.html, checked-by: th3/req1/limit02.test)

R-21426-10262-16472-16411-19241-49098-31695-43338

The path component of the URI specifies the disk file that is the SQLite database to be opened. (source uri.html)

R-21490-41092-09920-20398-33812-50363-51367-35594

The first form (with the "VALUES" keyword) creates one or more new rows in an existing table. (source lang_insert.html, checked-by: tcl/e_insert.test)

R-21508-14355-30725-13403-38836-44113-60272-57161

The third argument (eTextRep) must be one of the constants: SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_UTF16LE, SQLITE_UTF16BE, SQLITE_UTF16, or SQLITE_UTF16_ALIGNED. (source c3ref/create_collation.html, checked-by: th3/req1/createcoll01.test)

R-21520-52247-44068-48377-00974-21509-42962-15206

If certain kinds of errors occur within a transaction, the transaction may or may not be rolled back automatically. The errors that can cause an automatic rollback include: SQLITE_FULL: database or disk full SQLITE_IOERR: disk I/O error SQLITE_BUSY: database in use by another process SQLITE_NOMEM: out or memory SQLITE_INTERRUPT: processing interrupted by application request (source lang_transaction.html)

R-21527-28967-38710-01216-03543-44346-41120-54609

If, however, all columns that were to be fetched from the table are already available in the index itself, SQLite will use the values contained in the index and will never look up the original table row. (source optoverview.html)

R-21555-60916-58264-59419-46832-30971-06241-53598

No storage class conversions occur before the sort. (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_04.test)

R-21599-16038-23557-29825-04044-13537-53990-06867

In SQLite, a foreign key constraint is permanently marked as deferred or immediate when it is created. (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys23.test)

R-21618-58903-18112-13131-43171-58784-25040-46197

The N-th integer (for N>1) is the approximate average number of rows in the index which have the same value for the first N-1 columns. (source fileformat2.html)

R-21637-36677-40497-35509-61399-46252-57328-58576

If a term in X is of the form "z IS NOT NULL" and if a term in W is a comparison operator on "z" other than "IS", then those terms match. (source partialindex.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/index01.test)

R-21743-40944-42989-54407-30660-21784-55083-06141

The sqlite3_mutex_notheld() interface should also return 1 when given a NULL pointer. (source c3ref/mutex_held.html)

R-21752-26913-20480-58251-45591-43193-62846-17726

The defer_foreign_keys pragma is automatically switched off at each COMMIT or ROLLBACK. Hence, the defer_foreign_keys pragma must be separately enabled for each transaction. (source pragma.html, checked-by: tcl/fkey6.test, th3/cov1/fkey24.test)

R-21769-42523-56036-07125-49513-08938-03164-12762

For example, if an application defines a function "eval()" that calls sqlite3_exec(), then the following SQL statement would change the database file through side-effects: SELECT eval('DELETE FROM t1') FROM t2; But because the SELECT statement does not change the database file directly, sqlite3_stmt_readonly() would still return true. (source c3ref/stmt_readonly.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/vdbeapi14.test)

R-21786-57831-06426-13787-18197-34540-30662-42483

The affinity of the right-hand operand of an IN or NOT IN operator is NONE if the operand is a list and is the same as the affinity of the result set expression if the operand is a SELECT. (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/affinity01.test, th3/req1/datatype3_05.test)

R-21806-43221-13311-12534-07273-62377-06740-15345

The sqlite3_initialize() routine returns SQLITE_OK on success. (source c3ref/initialize.html)

R-21827-30701-03148-53639-55860-16366-16292-16032

The vfs query parameter causes the database connection to be opened using the VFS called NAME. (source uri.html)

R-21829-14563-51248-28780-63073-47174-17671-25024

When casting a BLOB value to INTEGER, the value is first converted to TEXT. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-21869-50933-18898-03814-15794-26050-32013-17586

The sqlite_stat1.tbl column is the name of the table to which the index belongs. (source fileformat2.html)

R-21873-57098-57834-11008-20676-08257-29659-57534

For backwards compatibility, the "0x" hexadecimal integer notation is only understood by the SQL language parser, not by the type conversions routines. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: th3/req1/expr01.test)

R-21926-12440-51056-61142-44683-61094-56845-29582

A column with TEXT affinity stores all data using storage classes NULL, TEXT or BLOB. (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_01.test)

R-21999-45122-31048-13446-02528-26470-06317-22169

The sqlite3_update_hook() interface registers a callback function with the database connection identified by the first argument to be invoked whenever a row is updated, inserted or deleted in a rowid table. (source c3ref/update_hook.html, checked-by: tcl/hook.test, th3/cov1/main15.test)

R-22005-45192-24484-04557-61957-46368-17904-26970

The first column of the result is the rank of the column within the index. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma15.test)

R-22035-46182-36006-24131-28314-61788-09848-09790

The SQLITE_CONFIG_GETPCACHE2 option takes a single argument which is a pointer to an sqlite3_pcache_methods2 object. SQLite copies of the current page cache implementation into that object. (source c3ref/c_config_covering_index_scan.html, checked-by: src/main.c, th3/th3pcache.c)

R-22036-37196-51098-25883-36361-04038-28343-30035

The sqlite3_result_error_nomem() interface causes SQLite to throw an error indicating that a memory allocation failed. (source c3ref/result_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/result01.test)

R-22070-59472-34995-42069-63414-37359-02285-11048

If a term consists of multiple subterms containing a common column name and separated by OR, like this: column = expr1 OR column = expr2 OR column = expr3 OR ... Then that term is rewritten as follows: column IN (expr1,expr2,expr3,...) (source optoverview.html)

R-22170-61870-30154-57457-53348-49651-07083-28271

The memory pointed to by the character pointers returned for the declaration type and collation sequence is valid only until the next call to any SQLite API function. (source c3ref/table_column_metadata.html)

R-22212-63356-49544-38225-38690-44409-41066-08853

Transactions can be deferred, immediate, or exclusive. (source lang_transaction.html)

R-22232-40047-05023-56174-19457-36430-27942-49450

The particular operator is stored in aConstraint[].op using one of the SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_ values. (source c3ref/index_info.html)

R-22235-47006-02687-15500-56774-48140-19704-63768

Casting an INTEGER or REAL value into TEXT renders the value as if via sqlite3_snprintf() except that the resulting TEXT uses the encoding of the database connection. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-22283-14179-18327-11516-19708-03741-18136-56509

Tables are removed using the DROP TABLE statement. (source lang_createtable.html, checked-by: tcl/e_createtable.test)

R-22304-13691-20726-05433-26877-46116-43863-25024

In practice, metadata is preserved between function calls for function parameters that are compile-time constants, including literal values and parameters and expressions composed from the same. (source c3ref/get_auxdata.html)

R-22309-26004-04913-07405-19734-55428-18120-53442

The profile callback contains the original statement text and an estimate of wall-clock time of how long that statement took to run. (source c3ref/profile.html)

R-22338-33270-38633-54292-24133-20932-49452-38355

If N is less than one then the progress handler is disabled. (source c3ref/progress_handler.html)

R-22347-12719-38657-19900-45791-11174-27141-23723

When a configuration option is set, sqlite3_config() returns SQLITE_OK. (source c3ref/config.html)

R-22350-57513-51788-60375-32336-53864-30944-20606


(source lang_createtrigger.html)

R-22391-07186-37161-38876-45465-63159-33403-63078

Note that if one of the dynamic mutex parameters (SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST or SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE) is used then sqlite3_mutex_alloc() returns a different mutex on every call. (source c3ref/mutex_alloc.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/mutex01.test)

R-22428-28959-55706-62439-44154-29989-42104-61958

To prevent older versions of SQLite from trying to recover a WAL-mode database (and making matters worse) the database file format version numbers (bytes 18 and 19 in the database header) are increased from 1 to 2 in WAL mode. (source wal.html, checked-by: tcl/e_wal.test)

R-22484-49535-05658-48568-12441-17149-15045-25439

Leading spaces are removed. (source fileformat2.html)

R-22496-58931-22484-06188-51643-42956-20212-05501


(source lang_with.html)

R-22517-03298-06877-11770-25908-54043-03696-50918

The FTS4 prefix option causes FTS to index term prefixes of specified lengths in the same way that it always indexes complete terms. (source fts3.html)

R-22517-09812-56179-10540-44970-47912-40768-05667

SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_SIZE This parameter records the largest memory allocation request handed to pagecache memory allocator. Only the value returned in the *pHighwater parameter to sqlite3_status() is of interest. The value written into the *pCurrent parameter is undefined. (source c3ref/c_status_malloc_count.html)

R-22528-31592-23814-33593-53187-04400-51621-15631

The following two queries are not equivalent: SELECT * FROM tab1 LEFT JOIN tab2 ON tab1.x=tab2.y; SELECT * FROM tab1 LEFT JOIN tab2 WHERE tab1.x=tab2.y; (source optoverview.html)

R-22564-11647-52151-33857-28940-09855-65445-38014

The header begins with a single varint which determines the total number of bytes in the header. The varint value is the size of the header in bytes including the size varint itself. (source fileformat2.html)

R-22567-44039-44321-46904-30045-11816-43845-22039

The PRAGMA foreign_keys command is a no-op in this configuration. (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys05.test)

R-22628-64423-61675-18888-38519-55715-49755-10742

If the 4th parameter to the sqlite3_result_text* interfaces or sqlite3_result_blob is the special constant SQLITE_TRANSIENT then SQLite makes a copy of the result into space obtained from from sqlite3_malloc() before it returns. (source c3ref/result_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/result02.test)

R-22655-13879-23181-45430-34065-63005-59196-64005

The coalesce() function returns a copy of its first non-NULL argument, or NULL if all arguments are NULL. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/func01.test)

R-22662-28218-11402-23235-34288-43676-21619-60718

If there is no prefix that can be interpreted as a real number, the result of the conversion is 0.0. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-22671-22821-00746-11610-44216-38779-63984-03906

The orderByConsumed means that output from xFilter/xNext will occur in the correct order to satisfy the ORDER BY clause so that no separate sorting step is required. (source c3ref/index_info.html)

R-22671-54036-59271-48827-17148-12128-60554-20551

If argvIndex>0 then the right-hand side of the corresponding aConstraint[] is evaluated and becomes the argvIndex-th entry in argv. (source c3ref/index_info.html)

R-22710-53328-59796-08773-22880-08291-09347-39531

The third and fourth bytes of each freeblock form a big-endian integer which is the size of the freeblock in bytes, including the 4-byte header. (source fileformat2.html)

R-22724-45533-32532-12289-36170-43581-26380-53780

if there is only a single global wildcard to the right of x, then the original LIKE or GLOB test is disabled. (source optoverview.html)

R-22776-52830-07659-57324-38629-30744-28731-31224

For each pair of named columns, the expression "lhs.X = rhs.X" is evaluated for each row of the cartesian product as a boolean expression. Only rows for which all such expressions evaluates to true are included from the result set. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-22782-22472-63620-46521-58776-65513-25083-63478

Names are zero-terminated UTF-8 strings. (source c3ref/vfs_find.html, checked-by: th3/req1/vfs01.test)

R-22795-48828-40923-07115-03137-30466-52786-33478

If X is a BLOB then the indices refer to bytes. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/func02.test)

R-22825-10487-14088-37965-39008-13808-51021-60336

The "int" variable pointed to by the T parameter will be set to the "select-id" for the X-th loop. (source c3ref/c_scanstat_est.html)

R-22861-02843-39646-61037-38089-35502-27977-11188

Zero all sqlite3_stmt_scanstatus() related event counters. (source c3ref/stmt_scanstatus_reset.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/status02.test)

R-22868-25880-64801-36236-02118-32586-25357-26503

The LIKE operator can be made case sensitive using the case_sensitive_like pragma. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-22887-63324-57928-49032-58189-23826-57467-19364

The unlikely(X) function is a no-op that the code generator optimizes away so that it consumes no CPU cycles at run-time (that is, during calls to sqlite3_step()). (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: tcl/func3.test)

R-22934-25134-31918-65183-03263-52759-06599-24509

Comments are treated as whitespace by the parser. (source lang_comment.html, checked-by: src/tokenize.c)

R-22937-18121-57167-50855-56952-26736-14789-03602


(source lang_altertable.html)

R-22956-37754-14278-17642-05627-50863-58555-30245

Casting to a BLOB consists of first casting the value to TEXT in the encoding of the database connection, then interpreting the resulting byte sequence as a BLOB instead of as TEXT. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-22958-57964-21518-29993-48758-46150-56113-34417

But if an application-defined collating sequence and/or like() SQL function are provided, the LIKE optimization described here will never be taken. (source optoverview.html)

R-22973-56658-43836-32419-61759-38607-43348-03721

SQLite will make this determination, but only if it has been compiled with SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 or SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4. (source optoverview.html)

R-23019-08375-23742-45203-57540-44774-03255-16704

When case_sensitive_like is enabled, case becomes significant. So, for example, 'a' LIKE 'A' is false but 'a' LIKE 'a' is still true. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma10.test)

R-23025-34321-53440-17551-64635-00032-03474-62946

The maximum page count cannot be reduced below the current database size. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma12.test)

R-23027-03515-05606-08970-61667-55431-59935-24913

Setting it to "shared" is equivalent to setting the SQLITE_OPEN_SHAREDCACHE bit in the flags argument passed to sqlite3_open_v2(). (source c3ref/open.html, checked-by: tcl/e_uri.test)

R-23027-35758-08796-19756-16363-24577-05722-25269

The size of the blob (and hence the maximum value of N+iOffset) can be determined using the sqlite3_blob_bytes() interface. (source c3ref/blob_read.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/vdbeblob01.test)

R-23038-23996-21339-41009-49120-44197-27486-19934

If a database connection is operating in exclusive locking mode or in persistent journal mode (PRAGMA journal_mode=persist) then after committing a transaction the rollback journal file may remain in the file-system. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma26.test)

R-23075-39245-36315-44421-23373-63820-24651-07544

This modifier causes the DDDDDDDDDD to be interpreted not as a Julian day number as it normally would be, but as Unix Time - the number of seconds since 1970. (source lang_datefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/date01.test)

R-23110-47146-52080-06643-60978-41760-17507-36913

the parser allows the use of the single keyword REPLACE as an alias for "INSERT OR REPLACE". (source lang_insert.html, checked-by: tcl/e_insert.test)

R-23120-24122-52717-58793-54182-36500-02638-57419

After an application receives an SQLITE_LOCKED error, it may call the sqlite3_unlock_notify() method with the blocked connection handle as the first argument to register for a callback that will be invoked when the blocking connections current transaction is concluded. (source c3ref/unlock_notify.html)

R-23135-52319-30822-28391-39834-31572-46589-08794

The implementation is not required to provide versions of these routines that actually work. (source c3ref/mutex_held.html)

R-23153-04437-57288-59301-62447-22408-58278-59491

A column whose declared type is "CHARINT" will match both rules 1 and 2 but the first rule takes precedence and so the column affinity will be INTEGER. (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_01.test)

R-23155-55597-19897-49290-61770-15838-04803-37418

Otherwise, if a simple SELECT contains no aggregate functions or a GROUP BY clause, it is a non-aggregate query. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-23182-54295-50785-24596-08451-02370-06326-41675

The cache parameter may be set to either "shared" or "private". (source c3ref/open.html, checked-by: tcl/e_uri.test)

R-23293-62447-32888-51584-58025-47542-61505-16122

If the OFFSET clause evaluates to a negative value, the results are the same as if it had evaluated to zero. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-23299-15149-12260-14236-54625-56854-20927-10236

The sqlite3_value_numeric_type() interface attempts to apply numeric affinity to the value. This means that an attempt is made to convert the value to an integer or floating point. If such a conversion is possible without loss of information (in other words, if the value is a string that looks like a number) then the conversion is performed. Otherwise no conversion occurs. The datatype after conversion is returned. (source c3ref/value_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/value02.test, th3/req1/value03.test)

R-23302-30956-02464-62581-38265-62787-52147-51200

If this SELECT returns any rows at all, then SQLite concludes that deleting the row from the parent table would violate the foreign key constraint and returns an error. (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys10.test)

R-23317-43079-57684-22333-28404-22394-54055-23674

The rtrim(X,Y) function returns a string formed by removing any and all characters that appear in Y from the right side of X. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/func03.test)

R-23331-02158-03352-54918-44519-63240-29041-31988

The string "UTF-16" is interpreted as "UTF-16 encoding using native machine byte-ordering". (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma16.test)

R-23332-64992-62836-09715-29451-35524-14907-15195

The sqlite3_stmt_readonly(X) interface returns true (non-zero) if and only if the prepared statement X makes no direct changes to the content of the database file. (source c3ref/stmt_readonly.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/vdbeapi14.test)

R-23336-07085-33379-01813-11813-48961-61224-20101

The new column is always appended to the end of the list of existing columns. (source lang_altertable.html, checked-by: th3/req1/altertable01.test)

R-23378-42536-56340-49562-54695-41894-41223-62715

The second is a copy of the database handle. (source c3ref/wal_hook.html)

R-23385-34636-24682-17782-28236-64093-44026-01327

Applications can update, delete from, insert into or drop the sqlite_stat1 table, but may not create or alter the sqlite_stat1 table. (source fileformat2.html)

R-23445-46109-37360-43495-15091-19372-04158-40881

This pragma causes the database connection on which it is invoked to free up as much memory as it can, by calling sqlite3_db_release_memory(). (source pragma.html)

R-23452-42564-31892-16470-45278-27764-45099-08550

If the optional database name is omitted, "main" is assumed. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma01.test)

R-23458-03780-07133-16857-18321-45188-49595-32402

Virtual tables can provide alternative implementations of functions using the xFindFunction method of the virtual table module. But global versions of those functions must exist in order to be overloaded. (source c3ref/overload_function.html)

R-23479-00031-14881-27531-19387-40447-21321-20674

Alternative collating functions for table columns can be specified in the CREATE TABLE statement using the COLLATE clause on the column definition. (source fileformat2.html)

R-23486-28813-15662-33687-07998-38651-35612-02946

The SQLITE_ prefix is omitted from any strings returned by sqlite3_compileoption_get(). (source c3ref/compileoption_get.html)

R-23498-38103-14789-32362-20893-18131-57271-11278

When the REPLACE conflict resolution strategy deletes rows in order to satisfy a constraint, delete triggers fire if and only if recursive triggers are enabled. (source lang_conflict.html, checked-by: th3/req1/conflict02.test)

R-23552-22587-27822-03022-61455-36680-30849-34520

If the MATCH operator is connected to other terms of the WHERE clause via an OR operator, for example, the query will fail with an error. (source rtree.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/rtree04.test)

R-23566-61685-32570-49548-46504-50893-18012-49598

The sqlite3_mprintf() and sqlite3_vmprintf() routines write their results into memory obtained from sqlite3_malloc(). (source c3ref/mprintf.html, checked-by: th3/req1/malloc01.test)

R-23569-48727-57101-02184-22731-43304-31733-55704

UNIQUE and PRIMARY KEY constraints on tables cause SQLite to create internal indexes with names of the form "sqlite_autoindex_TABLE_N" where TABLE is replaced by the name of the table that contains the constraint and N is an integer beginning with 1 and increasing by one with each constraint seen in the table definition. (source fileformat2.html)

R-23579-05241-28343-33967-00321-51471-16387-08197

PRAGMA busy_timeout; PRAGMA busy_timeout = milliseconds; Query or change the setting of the busy timeout. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/main21.test)

R-23595-60076-32539-07407-36536-15376-05711-31213

The sqlite3_malloc64(N) routine works just like sqlite3_malloc(N) except that N is an unsigned 64-bit integer instead of a signed 32-bit integer. (source c3ref/free.html, checked-by: th3/req1/malloc02.test)

R-23640-47263-12341-60168-43783-53275-58204-18225

The rollback journal file can be truncated to zero length (source fileformat2.html)

R-23648-58527-04335-61943-03061-32754-63941-35147

SQLite only understands upper/lower case for ASCII characters by default. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-23658-63678-27642-11273-33121-18173-42579-42965

The sqlite_master.name column will hold the name of the object. (source fileformat2.html)

R-23682-59820-57074-21944-19735-61329-41044-60872

By contrast, if foreign key errors can be recognized simply by looking at the definition of the child table and without having to consult the parent table definition, then the CREATE TABLE statement for the child table fails. (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys08.test)

R-23702-41282-42393-06958-42086-21645-30380-61682

The path is optional if the authority is present. (source uri.html)

R-23735-03107-03121-47557-18096-07566-30916-33769

The likely(X) function returns the argument X unchanged. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: tcl/func3.test)

R-23774-64117-15302-61921-22939-28381-40174-39816

The destructor is also invoked if the call to sqlite3_create_function_v2() fails. (source c3ref/create_function.html, checked-by: th3/req1/createfunc07.test)

R-23782-22078-58175-11068-16823-45650-46319-45186

Because of this, SQLite is able to plan queries with 50- or 60-way joins in a matter of microseconds. (source optoverview.html)

R-23828-03043-49392-48287-20383-19771-48629-15869

After at least "ms" milliseconds of sleeping, the handler returns 0 which causes sqlite3_step() to return SQLITE_BUSY. (source c3ref/busy_timeout.html)

R-23882-45353-30604-47614-45882-29623-34325-59956

The cell pointer array of a b-tree page immediately follows the b-tree page header. (source fileformat2.html)

R-23914-51476-03843-05689-25158-40099-03729-02958

A literal value can also be the token "NULL". (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-23918-17301-20351-08154-14070-22495-33406-46123

The foreign_key_check pragma checks the database, or the table called "table-name", for foreign key constraints that are violated and returns one row of output for each violation. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/fkey23.test)

R-23927-54081-32743-59723-35169-61192-28393-34691

Each expression in the result-set is then evaluated once for each group of rows. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-23929-31743-58027-02127-28995-37198-56222-58306

These routines work just like the corresponding column access functions except that these routines take a single protected sqlite3_value object pointer instead of a sqlite3_stmt* pointer and an integer column number. (source c3ref/value_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/value02.test, th3/req1/value03.test)

R-23935-31469-05351-59076-27167-07827-26621-20596

If a RELEASE command releases the outermost savepoint, so that the transaction stack becomes empty, then RELEASE is the same as COMMIT. (source lang_savepoint.html)

R-23955-02765-61832-08091-33535-52671-43903-30817

Cache_spill is enabled by default (source pragma.html, checked-by: tcl/pragma2.test)

R-23969-20884-58733-21381-41166-04284-11849-63631


(source lang_select.html)

R-23979-26855-11433-13886-36819-17221-39687-26769

The abs(X) function returns the absolute value of the numeric argument X. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: src/func.c, th3/cov1/func01.test)

R-23980-43280-61587-10591-51567-45451-02507-40247

This interface causes the xEntryPoint() function to be invoked for each new database connection that is created. (source c3ref/auto_extension.html, checked-by: th3/req1/autoext01.test)

R-23980-48859-56951-38852-38346-56715-55568-02993

There is one exception: if the foreign key column in the track table is NULL, then no corresponding entry in the artist table is required. (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys01.test)

R-23984-49501-37243-56289-03587-60124-22633-25227

PRAGMA ignore_check_constraints = boolean; This pragma enables or disables the enforcement of CHECK constraints. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma20.test)

R-24012-23124-00988-32330-56827-30847-27101-61766

The SQLITE_MUTEX_NOOP implementation is a set of routines that does no real locking and is appropriate for use in a single-threaded application. (source c3ref/mutex_alloc.html)

R-24016-17929-42002-59431-23117-37264-43384-47268

C-style comments can span multiple lines. (source lang_comment.html, checked-by: th3/req1/comment01.test)

R-24023-61156-56094-16008-29634-01440-59018-40109

The mode query parameter determines if the new database is opened read-only, read-write, read-write and created if it does not exist, or that the database is a pure in-memory database that never interacts with disk, respectively. (source uri.html)

R-24086-08530-21252-40131-41317-48771-53823-31992

For example, a partial index might omit entries for which the column being indexed is NULL. (source partialindex.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/index01.test)

R-24089-57979-14928-03351-49983-36558-42407-47450

If a page contains no cells (which is only possible for a root page of a table that contains no rows) then the offset to the cell content area will equal the page size minus the bytes of reserved space. (source fileformat2.html)

R-24124-56960-26974-01833-44587-40840-08627-58695

URI filename interpretation is enabled if the SQLITE_OPEN_URI flag is set in the fourth argument to sqlite3_open_v2(), or if it has been enabled globally using the SQLITE_CONFIG_URI option with the sqlite3_config() method or by the SQLITE_USE_URI compile-time option. (source c3ref/open.html, checked-by: tcl/e_uri.test)

R-24153-28352-05918-29721-55341-26989-15412-17405

Tables created using CREATE TABLE AS are initially populated with the rows of data returned by the SELECT statement. (source lang_createtable.html, checked-by: tcl/e_createtable.test)

R-24157-46062-13277-37526-03999-51751-53681-32386

The 3rd argument to the sqlite3_exec() callback is an array of pointers to strings obtained as if from sqlite3_column_text(), one for each column. (source c3ref/exec.html, checked-by: th3/req1/exec01.test)

R-24176-11856-49416-35044-22347-11072-23258-18948

The length of the name is limited to 255 bytes in a UTF-8 representation, exclusive of the zero-terminator. (source c3ref/create_function.html, checked-by: th3/req1/createfunc01.test)

R-24179-60523-60164-40067-19292-39680-45687-45747

Even if the foreign key constraint it is attached to is deferred, configuring a RESTRICT action causes SQLite to return an error immediately if a parent key with dependent child keys is deleted or modified. (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys16.test)

R-24188-24349-51458-56364-12806-43304-14352-46380

The expression attached to the optional OFFSET clause that may follow a LIMIT clause must also evaluate to an integer, or a value that can be losslessly converted to an integer. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-24227-04807-65013-09510-28047-53461-17252-27305

Or, if none of the WHEN expressions evaluate to true, the result of evaluating the ELSE expression, if any. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-24334-46836-37699-41209-48952-15160-39885-36508

The SQLite core will never read or write the lock-byte page, though operating-system specific VFS implementations may choose to read or write bytes on the lock-byte page according to the needs and proclivities of the underlying system. (source fileformat2.html)

R-24401-52400-49114-60456-18821-28705-54480-01087

as will attempting to delete a row from the artist table when there exist dependent rows in the track table (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys01.test)

R-24408-11841-16708-30331-61955-39086-27640-21297

An application can tell which course of action SQLite took by using the sqlite3_get_autocommit() C-language interface. (source lang_transaction.html)

R-24411-60193-43052-59187-49935-26782-54329-59494

The frame-header is six big-endian 32-bit unsigned integer values, as follows: WAL Frame Header Format OffsetSizeDescription 04 Page number 44 For commit records, the size of the database file in pages after the commit. For all other records, zero. 84 Salt-1 copied from the WAL header 124 Salt-2 copied from the WAL header 164 Checksum-1: Cumulative checksum up through and including this page 204 Checksum-2: Second half of the cumulative checksum. (source fileformat2.html)

R-24420-43338-21659-30217-32361-58749-59788-18529

In formats 5 through 7, the "T" is a literal character separating the date and the time, as required by ISO-8601. (source lang_datefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/date01.test)

R-24433-42760-21501-54800-20604-32904-26746-52498

AUTOINCREMENT guarantees that automatically chosen ROWIDs will be increasing but not that they will be sequential. (source autoinc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/autoinc01.test)

R-24450-46174-44304-25763-63471-62798-12121-54973

All foreign key constraints in SQLite are handled as if MATCH SIMPLE were specified. (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys23.test)

R-24454-61742-57320-38040-08939-30630-11445-30109

The BINARY collating sequence is used for comparisons. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/func03.test)

R-24470-31136-04101-59681-51092-46521-28491-41459

This function is an SQL wrapper around the sqlite3_sourceid() C interface. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: src/func.c, th3/req1/func04.test)

R-24499-57071-23351-26477-16690-35822-52475-36418

The following example illustrates the effect of using a deferred foreign key constraint. -- Database schema. Both tables are initially empty. CREATE TABLE artist( artistid INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, artistname TEXT ); CREATE TABLE track( trackid INTEGER, trackname TEXT, trackartist INTEGER REFERENCES artist(artistid) DEFERRABLE INITIALLY DEFERRED ); sqlite3> -- If the foreign key constraint were immediate, this INSERT would sqlite3> -- cause an error (since as there is no row in table artist with sqlite3> -- artistid=5). But as the constraint is deferred and there is an sqlite3> -- open transaction, no error occurs. sqlite3> BEGIN; sqlite3> INSERT INTO track VALUES(1, 'White Christmas', 5); sqlite3> -- The following COMMIT fails, as the database is in a state that sqlite3> -- does not satisfy the deferred foreign key constraint. The sqlite3> -- transaction remains open. sqlite3> COMMIT; SQL error: foreign key constraint failed sqlite3> -- After inserting a row into the artist table with artistid=5, the sqlite3> -- deferred foreign key constraint is satisfied. It is then possible sqlite3> -- to commit the transaction without error. sqlite3> INSERT INTO artist VALUES(5, 'Bing Crosby'); sqlite3> COMMIT; (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys13.test)

R-24505-23230-57666-22051-56312-29400-20176-42804

A pointer to an sqlite3_context object is always first parameter to application-defined SQL functions. (source c3ref/context.html, checked-by: src/vdbe.c, src/vdbemem.c, th3/req1/aggcntx01.test, th3/req1/func02.test)

R-24519-28304-27679-62184-02249-08056-49023-13978

When the value of auto-vacuum is 2 or "incremental" then the additional information needed to do auto-vacuuming is stored in the database file but auto-vacuuming does not occur automatically at each commit as it does with auto_vacuum=full. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma07.test)

R-24543-02373-21907-00972-51733-48834-36106-39581

If pzTail is not NULL then *pzTail is made to point to the first byte past the end of the first SQL statement in zSql. (source c3ref/prepare.html, checked-by: th3/req1/prepare01.test)

R-24577-38891-65340-59973-62459-58446-28963-28131

sqlite> EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT c, d FROM t2 ORDER BY c; 0|0|0|SCAN TABLE t2 0|0|0|USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY (source eqp.html, checked-by: tcl/eqp.test)

R-24596-57909-32096-12351-64612-37660-33667-09663

If there are many OR terms in the WHERE clause or if some of the indices on individual OR-clause subterms are not very selective, then SQLite might decide that it is faster to use a different query algorithm, or even a full-table scan. (source optoverview.html)

R-24625-56801-43002-50418-06223-19456-53547-53426

SQLite makes its own private copy of the content of the sqlite3_mem_methods structure before the sqlite3_config() call returns. (source c3ref/c_config_covering_index_scan.html, checked-by: th3/th3oom.c)

R-24641-64445-22439-28040-38903-58400-61759-51123

Note that number of bytes stored on the leaf page is never less than M. (source fileformat2.html)

R-24663-27339-41709-46831-61109-18753-41935-55210

SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE | SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE The database is opened for reading and writing, and is created if it does not already exist. This is the behavior that is always used for sqlite3_open() and sqlite3_open16(). (source c3ref/open.html)

R-24676-09859-25258-06679-18327-03281-24955-00264

For example, consider the following database schema: CREATE TABLE album( albumartist TEXT, albumname TEXT, albumcover BINARY, PRIMARY KEY(albumartist, albumname) ); CREATE TABLE song( songid INTEGER, songartist TEXT, songalbum TEXT, songname TEXT, FOREIGN KEY(songartist, songalbum) REFERENCES album(albumartist, albumname) ); In this system, each entry in the song table is required to map to an entry in the album table with the same combination of artist and album. (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys11.test)

R-24691-27369-29687-09464-65253-51469-13435-14358

Memory to hold the error message string is managed internally. The application does not need to worry about freeing the result. However, the error string might be overwritten or deallocated by subsequent calls to other SQLite interface functions. (source c3ref/errcode.html)

R-24707-22256-10968-61514-58469-45624-50106-41306

The estimatedRows value is an estimate of the number of rows that will be returned by the strategy. (source c3ref/index_info.html)

R-24728-13230-17441-17828-27985-11598-34826-53003

SQLite parses MATCH clauses (i.e. does not report a syntax error if you specify one), but does not enforce them. (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys23.test)

R-24729-59665-16183-42028-35835-26299-53445-23334

SQLite is careful to deallocate every dynamic mutex that it allocates. (source c3ref/mutex_alloc.html, checked-by: th3/th3util.c)

R-24731-45773-21654-50701-01955-60961-16210-17736

The IS and IS NOT operators work like = and != except when one or both of the operands are NULL. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-24738-46982-10847-07410-11065-35020-61549-58241

Otherwise, it is invoked with two arguments only. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/func02.test)

R-24770-17719-20723-28193-15704-54316-24358-11027

As with all SQL syntax, the case of the keywords does not matter. One can write "WITHOUT rowid" or "without rowid" or "WiThOuT rOwId" and it will mean the same thing. (source withoutrowid.html, checked-by: tcl/without_rowid5.test, th3/cov1/withoutrowid01.test)

R-24784-09209-65529-37322-41810-39114-37590-65280

The authority may be omitted, may be blank, or may be "localhost". Any other authority results in an error. (source uri.html)

R-24831-43693-55364-04496-15994-32297-02839-53654

But if the ANALYZE command is run in order to gather statistics, a different choice might be made if the statistics indicate that the alternative is likely to run faster. (source optoverview.html)

R-24843-55391-00331-31917-58094-58865-54184-39062

It is permitted to register multiple implementations of the same functions with the same name but with either differing numbers of arguments or differing preferred text encodings. (source c3ref/create_function.html, checked-by: th3/req1/createfunc04.test)

R-24844-01074-31075-35616-03763-50098-34519-03364

datetime(timestring, modifier, modifier, ...) (source lang_datefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/date01.test)

R-24854-24731-07056-48016-36151-48843-43846-53234

If prepared statement P does not have results ready to return (via calls to the sqlite3_column_*() of interfaces) then sqlite3_data_count(P) returns 0. (source c3ref/data_count.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datacnt01.test)

R-24874-01721-30373-30915-48096-44417-56853-33182

If sqlite3_collation_needed16() is used, the names are passed as UTF-16 in machine native byte order. (source c3ref/collation_needed.html)

R-24896-34661-16790-51948-60772-09392-38798-62711

The sqlite_stat4.tbl column holds name of the table that owns the index that the row describes (source fileformat2.html)

R-24911-36108-02843-41555-24793-65003-42358-61703

The GLOB operator is always case sensitive. (source optoverview.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/pragma02.test)

R-24949-48633-12038-32784-60403-63994-11753-48428

Thus with a deferred transaction, the BEGIN statement itself does nothing to the filesystem. (source lang_transaction.html)

R-24958-23411-18929-15714-30148-06066-52554-42233

Each sub-select is assigned a distinct, non-zero "selectid" value. (source eqp.html, checked-by: th3/req1/eqp01.test)

R-24984-42113-54448-54138-16961-63127-18743-03855

Any callback set by a previous call to sqlite3_rollback_hook() for the same database connection is overridden. (source c3ref/commit_hook.html)

R-25008-21688-65381-07984-00031-51738-33385-29636

The size of a page is a power of two between 512 and 65536 inclusive. (source fileformat2.html)

R-25048-46581-04940-52749-02967-51891-39439-41238

SQLite will never invoke xInit() more than once without an intervening call to xShutdown(). (source c3ref/pcache_methods2.html, checked-by: th3/th3pcache.c)

R-25071-21202-61916-09187-06401-02826-31838-35119

The "CROSS JOIN" join operator produces the same result as the "INNER JOIN", "JOIN" and "," operators (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test, tcl/e_select2.test)

R-25108-07802-40508-32376-19441-31217-21410-63803

However, if there are pending write operations, the COMMIT command will fail with an error code SQLITE_BUSY. (source lang_transaction.html)

R-25136-65062-60246-57323-36202-59774-22241-57010

This option is used to enable or disable the enforcement of foreign key constraints. (source c3ref/c_dbconfig_enable_fkey.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/main34.test)

R-25149-22012-48563-28153-37839-65089-07651-08185

The INSERT ... DEFAULT VALUES statement inserts a single new row into the named table. (source lang_insert.html, checked-by: tcl/e_insert.test)

R-25216-03908-32391-06837-09807-59608-58830-19572

The term "b=6" does not match "b=3+3" or "b-6=0" or "b BETWEEN 6 AND 6". (source partialindex.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/index01.test)

R-25219-25618-61597-36745-37744-00617-56783-53239

The second column is the rowid of the row that contains the invalid REFERENCES clause. (source pragma.html, checked-by: tcl/fkey5.test, th3/cov1/fkey23.test)

R-25343-19498-17466-42652-61214-37840-16481-55260

It is not necessary for every column of an index to appear in a WHERE clause term in order for that index to be used. (source optoverview.html)

R-25361-16150-63678-45550-40472-51042-22441-52100

This function is omitted from SQLite by default. It is only available if the SQLITE_SOUNDEX compile-time option is used when SQLite is built. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: src/func.c, th3/cov1/func07.test)

R-25384-39337-58415-17102-37697-27977-14467-00416

There is nothing stopping the user from creating a foreign key definition that refers to a parent table that does not exist, or to parent key columns that do not exist or are not collectively bound by a PRIMARY KEY or UNIQUE constraint. (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys21.test)

R-25394-06637-63632-64734-15986-15167-14146-59945

These routine might also return NULL if a memory allocation error occurs. (source c3ref/column_database_name.html)

R-25451-61125-57795-23914-51441-34414-44666-54346

The SQLITE_CONFIG_URI option takes a single argument of type int. If non-zero, then URI handling is globally enabled. If the parameter is zero, then URI handling is globally disabled. (source c3ref/c_config_covering_index_scan.html, checked-by: src/main.c)

R-25459-18529-03655-35597-46929-35137-47473-63058

These routines return 0 if the statement is incomplete. (source c3ref/complete.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/complete01.test)

R-25460-65232-16560-61859-43199-38232-53443-46120

The sqlite3_test_control() interface is used to read out internal state of SQLite and to inject faults into SQLite for testing purposes. (source c3ref/test_control.html)

R-25473-20557-44472-04975-51987-58936-13072-57785

The number of columns in a table is limited by the SQLITE_MAX_COLUMN compile-time parameter. (source lang_createtable.html, checked-by: tcl/e_createtable.test)

R-25492-41572-18546-22299-27344-57797-39532-60300

If the SELECT yields no rows, then the value of the expression is NULL. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-25508-47517-53800-52553-37426-36808-15124-36675

Because the acquisition of locks is deferred until they are needed, it is possible that another thread or process could create a separate transaction and write to the database after the BEGIN on the current thread has executed. (source lang_transaction.html)

R-25540-36848-64613-55100-38595-19137-49959-42593

So as not to open security holes in older applications that are unprepared to deal with extension loading, and as a means of disabling extension loading while evaluating user-entered SQL, the following API is provided to turn the sqlite3_load_extension() mechanism on and off. (source c3ref/enable_load_extension.html)

R-25541-17189-03104-63416-46282-42879-07481-01224

Furthermore, the temp_store_directory pragma always assumes that any string that this variable points to is held in memory obtained from sqlite3_malloc and the pragma may attempt to free that memory using sqlite3_free. (source c3ref/temp_directory.html)

R-25558-37487-19096-36063-17437-04044-36041-27526

If the specified view cannot be found and the IF EXISTS clause is not present, it is an error. (source lang_dropview.html, checked-by: tcl/e_dropview.test, th3/cov1/build13.test)

R-25583-11663-64337-14085-59741-00588-27469-12431

Compute the last day of the current month. SELECT date('now','start of month','+1 month','-1 day'); (source lang_datefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/date01.test)

R-25587-45258-04258-19279-64153-15260-17086-46262

Additional sqlite3_trace() callbacks might occur as each triggered subprogram is entered. The callbacks for triggers contain a UTF-8 SQL comment that identifies the trigger. (source c3ref/profile.html)

R-25588-27181-18097-02154-44633-08776-21987-21638

The EXISTS operator always evaluates to one of the integer values 0 and 1. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-25613-37547-39472-02780-29297-59051-40019-17427

Indexes are removed with the DROP INDEX command. (source lang_createindex.html, checked-by: th3/req1/createidx01.test)

R-25616-08788-18594-15704-08007-00569-12211-26573

A SELECT statement used as either a scalar subquery or as the right-hand operand of an IN, NOT IN or EXISTS expression may contain references to columns in the outer query. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: th3/req1/select01.test)

R-25616-61116-19772-20982-08386-58484-18398-18419

The database connection can be changed between full and incremental autovacuum mode at any time. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma07.test)

R-25654-38196-54382-29664-57733-52949-37784-40820

All reads from and writes to the main database file begin at a page boundary and all writes are an integer number of pages in size. (source fileformat2.html)

R-25698-53233-37700-31268-29379-58660-07035-56459

Thus for the example index above, if there is no WHERE clause term that constraints column c, then terms that constrain columns a and b can be used with the index but not terms that constraint columns d through z. (source optoverview.html)

R-25708-21270-49528-25970-15955-35686-26941-43710

A column with affinity NONE does not prefer one storage class over another and no attempt is made to coerce data from one storage class into another. (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_01.test)

R-25715-37072-58552-52856-29858-64366-26989-17165

Memory allocation statistics are enabled by default unless SQLite is compiled with SQLITE_DEFAULT_MEMSTATUS=0 in which case memory allocation statistics are disabled by default. (source c3ref/c_config_covering_index_scan.html, checked-by: src/sqliteInt.h)

R-25722-54578-39151-48243-45997-39827-22901-27237

sqlite3_realloc(X,N) returns a pointer to a memory allocation of at least N bytes in size or NULL if insufficient memory is available. (source c3ref/free.html, checked-by: th3/req1/malloc02.test)

R-25726-27770-20459-03461-13607-13171-18925-23787

SQLite will invoke the destructor function (if it is not NULL) when SQLite no longer needs the pClientData pointer. (source c3ref/create_module.html)

R-25787-28949-24920-53948-06133-34727-56080-32939

The EXCEPT operator returns the subset of rows returned by the left SELECT that are not also returned by the right-hand SELECT. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-25815-04054-00806-27320-41776-02444-29917-59413

The "%z" formatting option works like "%s" but with the addition that after the string has been read and copied into the result, sqlite3_free() is called on the input string. (source c3ref/mprintf.html, checked-by: th3/req1/malloc01.test)

R-25824-45489-43990-02774-35332-28137-18182-24527

The D and N arguments to sqlite3_backup_init(D,N,S,M) are the database connection associated with the destination database and the database name, respectively. (source c3ref/backup_finish.html, checked-by: th3/req1/backup02.test)

R-25857-01867-51039-59358-11204-13788-02264-02528

The values of these parameters (also called "host parameter names" or "SQL parameters") can be set using the sqlite3_bind_*() routines defined here. (source c3ref/bind_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/bind01.test)

R-25883-55063-43215-03328-35797-53686-57723-04298

The expressions in the GROUP BY clause do not have to be expressions that appear in the result. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-25892-31496-47750-26381-05544-21112-59191-44109

The sqlite3_strglob(P,X) interface returns zero if string X matches the glob pattern P, and it returns non-zero if string X does not match the glob pattern P. (source c3ref/strglob.html)

R-25894-51060-18040-53125-15120-62396-36354-30863

Calling this routine with a null pointer (such as would be returned by a failed call to sqlite3_blob_open()) is a harmless no-op. (source c3ref/blob_close.html, checked-by: tcl/e_blobclose.test, th3/cov1/vdbeblob01.test)

R-25940-54422-48655-57585-43486-07020-37736-04270

Once created, the sqlite_sequence table exists in the sqlite_master table forever; it cannot be dropped. (source fileformat2.html)

R-25950-00887-26391-00141-61376-60148-41906-53274

Both the WHEN clause and the trigger actions may access elements of the row being inserted, deleted or updated using references of the form "NEW.column-name" and "OLD.column-name", where column-name is the name of a column from the table that the trigger is associated with. (source lang_createtrigger.html)

R-25963-03527-53793-34841-03007-31919-23816-21204

The xInit() method is passed a copy of the sqlite3_pcache_methods2.pArg value. (source c3ref/pcache_methods2.html, checked-by: th3/th3pcache.c)

R-26000-56589-64657-09406-12178-15033-38154-19492

The xShutdown() method may be NULL. (source c3ref/pcache_methods2.html, checked-by: src/pcache.c)

R-26026-19483-46131-60322-16678-61732-18178-30249

For the purposes of the previous sentence, a column name preceded by one or more unary "+" operators is still considered a column name. (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_09.test)

R-26030-41411-57646-19570-38371-36124-26436-49384

The highwater mark associated with SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_USED is always 0. (source c3ref/c_dbstatus_options.html, checked-by: th3/req1/dbstatus01.test)

R-26031-07851-20661-23903-48754-42738-42414-42677

URIs are processed as UTF8 text. (source uri.html)

R-26078-30979-29806-34785-43846-23819-01793-57552

The content of these tables is not updated as the database changes so after making significant changes it might be prudent to rerun ANALYZE. (source optoverview.html)

R-26102-39000-00300-53165-31110-34521-05669-39517

The mxLevel entry in the sqlite3_rtree_query_info structure is the level value for the root of the R*Tree. (source rtree.html)

R-26117-01852-15491-47779-25813-50210-15791-48499

In this latter case, the integer at offset 64 is true for incremental_vacuum and false for auto_vacuum. (source fileformat2.html)

R-26128-01625-01942-61645-49803-53494-49149-48512

Calls to sqlite3_close() and sqlite3_close_v2() return SQLITE_OK if the sqlite3 object is successfully destroyed and all associated resources are deallocated. (source c3ref/close.html, checked-by: th3/th3util.c)

R-26145-35631-18411-10408-27137-14285-36971-04977

The sqlite3_errmsg() and sqlite3_errmsg16() return English-language text that describes the error, as either UTF-8 or UTF-16 respectively. (source c3ref/errcode.html)

R-26156-05677-61436-23757-15215-45038-07292-60057


(source lang_createtable.html)

R-26176-60647-43928-09816-19858-42177-19549-07263

An exclusive transaction causes EXCLUSIVE locks to be acquired on all databases. (source lang_transaction.html)

R-26177-52471-27779-44415-45290-32639-49511-38944

The first argument is an integer code for the specific parameter to measure. (source c3ref/status.html)

R-26223-47623-19728-21792-34687-27643-09360-29816

Like other SQL identifiers, database names are case-insensitive. (source lang_naming.html, checked-by: tcl/e_resolve.test)

R-26226-51609-37600-59924-62338-40225-61693-64519

When the legacy_file_format pragma is issued with no argument, it returns the setting of the flag. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma22.test)

R-26228-33773-01538-19072-29962-47655-12853-04397

The 4th argument to the sqlite3_exec() callback is an array of pointers to strings where each entry represents the name of corresponding result column as obtained from sqlite3_column_name(). (source c3ref/exec.html, checked-by: th3/req1/exec01.test)

R-26240-27972-41753-52481-56276-48994-27806-58856

As an example of the result table format, suppose a query result is as follows: Name | Age ----------------------- Alice | 43 Bob | 28 Cindy | 21 There are two column (M==2) and three rows (N==3). Thus the result table has 8 entries. Suppose the result table is stored in an array names azResult. Then azResult holds this content: azResult[0] = "Name"; azResult[1] = "Age"; azResult[2] = "Alice"; azResult[3] = "43"; azResult[4] = "Bob"; azResult[5] = "28"; azResult[6] = "Cindy"; azResult[7] = "21"; (source c3ref/free_table.html, checked-by: th3/req1/gettable01.test)

R-26245-27007-61091-63162-56268-13882-14164-49256

Comments can begin anywhere whitespace can be found, including inside expressions that span multiple lines. (source lang_comment.html, checked-by: th3/req1/comment01.test)

R-26267-43414-63813-04870-32404-43287-64705-64465

In the case of an update, this is the rowid after the update takes place. (source c3ref/update_hook.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/main15.test)

R-26304-43698-14397-16826-05465-17486-47171-40397

The sqlite3_errstr() interface returns the English-language text that describes the result code, as UTF-8. (source c3ref/errcode.html)

R-26335-36429-33832-38639-19447-31976-61151-28783

The second and third column are -1 if there is no write-ahead log, for example if this pragma is invoked on a database connection that is not in WAL mode. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma29.test)

R-26343-45930-10507-06945-56497-65367-59680-35735

This pragma invokes the sqlite3_soft_heap_limit64() interface with the argument N, if N is specified and is a non-negative integer. (source pragma.html)

R-26346-36443-14203-01237-59463-02061-43306-07214

When casting a BLOB value to a REAL, the value is first converted to TEXT. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-26377-49195-21869-49397-37126-00993-02015-27234

If the DELETE statement also has an OFFSET clause, then it is similarly evaluated and cast to an integer value. Again, it is an error if the value cannot be losslessly converted to an integer. (source lang_delete.html, checked-by: tcl/e_delete.test)

R-26383-00685-00003-12709-20041-02640-63629-60960

Note that the journal_mode for an in-memory database is either MEMORY or OFF and can not be changed to a different value. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma23.test)

R-26388-52100-18147-39797-05438-03656-60623-16408

The %Q option works like %q except it also adds single quotes around the outside of the total string. Additionally, if the parameter in the argument list is a NULL pointer, %Q substitutes the text "NULL" (without single quotes). (source c3ref/mprintf.html, checked-by: th3/req1/malloc01.test)

R-26406-03647-33657-03652-13422-62298-62842-50282

It is possible for the library compile-time C preprocessor symbol SQLITE_TEMP_STORE to override this pragma setting. (source pragma.html)

R-26427-33659-32322-40327-33016-33915-32615-17849

Other parameters record only the highwater mark and not the current value. For these latter parameters nothing is written into *pCurrent. (source c3ref/status.html)

R-26480-31567-01189-11331-40338-43119-64271-54165

The key for each entry in the WITHOUT ROWID b-tree is a record composed of the columns of the PRIMARY KEY followed by all remaining columns of the table. (source fileformat2.html)

R-26490-64257-21643-35537-33187-49961-28588-55610

But making modifications to this table will likely perturb the AUTOINCREMENT key generation algorithm. (source autoinc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/autoinc01.test)

R-26501-17306-17113-63025-42217-43181-46541-32131

If a table contains a user defined column named "rowid", "oid" or "_rowid_", then that name always refers the explicitly declared column and cannot be used to retrieve the integer rowid value. (source lang_createtable.html, checked-by: tcl/e_createtable.test)

R-26507-47431-65188-24932-00073-09728-32384-65254

If the N parameter to sqlite3_realloc(X,N) is zero or negative then the behavior is exactly the same as calling sqlite3_free(X). (source c3ref/free.html, checked-by: src/malloc.c, th3/req1/malloc02.test)

R-26578-03501-48329-54809-40303-33325-20677-03881

The load_extension() function raises an exception if the extension fails to load or initialize correctly. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/func03.test)

R-26601-01119-55361-00031-26734-63731-65122-53650

Subject to rules (11), (12) and (13), they may also contain ORDER BY, LIMIT and OFFSET clauses. (source optoverview.html)

R-26602-05678-16907-15766-43643-13869-48465-09322

The sqlite3_blob_read() and sqlite3_blob_write() interfaces can be used to read or write small subsections of the BLOB. (source c3ref/blob.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/vdbeblob01.test)

R-26661-41922-59096-19000-31799-48031-02223-27178

Regardless of the compile-time configuration, any identifier that is not on the following 124 element list is not a keyword to the SQL parser in SQLite: ABORT ACTION ADD AFTER ALL ALTER ANALYZE AND AS ASC ATTACH AUTOINCREMENT BEFORE BEGIN BETWEEN BY CASCADE CASE CAST CHECK COLLATE COLUMN COMMIT CONFLICT CONSTRAINT CREATE CROSS CURRENT_DATE CURRENT_TIME CURRENT_TIMESTAMP DATABASE DEFAULT DEFERRABLE DEFERRED DELETE DESC DETACH DISTINCT DROP EACH ELSE END ESCAPE EXCEPT EXCLUSIVE EXISTS EXPLAIN FAIL FOR FOREIGN FROM FULL GLOB GROUP HAVING IF IGNORE IMMEDIATE IN INDEX INDEXED INITIALLY INNER INSERT INSTEAD INTERSECT INTO IS ISNULL JOIN KEY LEFT LIKE LIMIT MATCH NATURAL NO NOT NOTNULL NULL OF OFFSET ON OR ORDER OUTER PLAN PRAGMA PRIMARY QUERY RAISE RECURSIVE REFERENCES REGEXP REINDEX RELEASE RENAME REPLACE RESTRICT RIGHT ROLLBACK ROW SAVEPOINT SELECT SET TABLE TEMP TEMPORARY THEN TO TRANSACTION TRIGGER UNION UNIQUE UPDATE USING VACUUM VALUES VIEW VIRTUAL WHEN WHERE WITH WITHOUT (source lang_keywords.html, checked-by: th3/req1/keyword01.test)

R-26684-40576-09126-53282-12439-40003-41887-60526

Each non-aggregate expression in the result-set is evaluated once for an arbitrarily selected row of the dataset. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-26704-30334-42154-41889-16850-21412-27655-04243

The sqlite3_config(SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE2, ...) interface can register an alternative page cache implementation by passing in an instance of the sqlite3_pcache_methods2 structure. (source c3ref/pcache_methods2.html)

R-26747-61719-04994-53150-40234-49148-55708-63137

When the application provides any amount of scratch memory using SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH, SQLite avoids unnecessary large heap allocations. (source c3ref/c_config_covering_index_scan.html, checked-by: src/vdbesort.c)

R-26801-64137-39079-48164-16524-44855-40563-04540

If the xInit() method is NULL, then the built-in default page cache is used instead of the application defined page cache. (source c3ref/pcache_methods2.html, checked-by: src/pcache.c)

R-26810-60950-31083-35442-30714-31340-57644-05934

If the authority section is present, then the path is always an absolute pathname. (source uri.html)

R-26835-10964-22323-42888-35777-38355-20607-28933

The first argument (the third parameter to sqlite3_db_config() is a pointer to a memory buffer to use for lookaside memory. (source c3ref/c_dbconfig_enable_fkey.html, checked-by: src/main.c, th3/req1/dbconfig01.test)

R-26835-34471-30842-38170-16771-41578-05053-31515

SQL comments begin with two consecutive "-" characters (ASCII 0x2d) and extend up to and including the next newline character (ASCII 0x0a) or until the end of input, whichever comes first. (source lang_comment.html, checked-by: th3/req1/comment01.test)

R-26845-32976-14599-31607-31221-37786-17413-24156

Value "rwc" is equivalent to setting both SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE and SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE. (source c3ref/open.html, checked-by: tcl/e_uri.test)

R-26866-55466-22220-19063-03012-49506-22267-60987

The second integer is the approximate average number of rows in the index that have the same value in the first column of the index. (source fileformat2.html)

R-26888-26313-07515-35775-03599-15989-59200-07369

The default setting is off, meaning that CHECK constraints are enforced by default. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma20.test)

R-26917-59594-53851-11147-17067-15964-43582-37189

For the INSERT and UPDATE commands, the keywords "ON CONFLICT" are replaced by "OR" so that the syntax reads more naturally. (source lang_conflict.html, checked-by: th3/req1/conflict01.test)

R-26947-19317-61341-19233-36872-20864-34826-22893

If the statement is a COMMIT or occurs outside of an explicit transaction, then you can retry the statement. (source c3ref/step.html)

R-26959-28969-15823-07414-35392-55670-52959-52462

As of version 3.6.18, without running ANALYZE, SQLite will choose option 2. (source optoverview.html)

R-26972-25540-17987-13345-11118-49972-58252-62199

The sqlite3_bind_* routines return SQLITE_OK on success or an error code if anything goes wrong. (source c3ref/bind_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/bind01.test)

R-26993-43540-10992-37102-45404-55683-60247-30594

Passing zero or a negative value as the nFrame parameter disables automatic checkpoints entirely. (source c3ref/wal_autocheckpoint.html)

R-26999-04791-16827-31249-13986-61939-06074-63605

The sqlite_sequence table is an internal table used to help implement AUTOINCREMENT. (source fileformat2.html)

R-27002-52307-56024-23951-62365-30891-30149-50327

The DROP VIEW statement removes a view created by the CREATE VIEW statement. (source lang_dropview.html, checked-by: slt/slt_lang_dropview.test, tcl/e_dropview.test, th3/cov1/build13.test)

R-27108-11003-35381-33223-00139-25935-11742-39438

The name of the database is "main" for the main database or "temp" for the TEMP database, or the name that appears after the AS keyword for databases that are added using the ATTACH SQL command. (source c3ref/file_control.html)

R-27192-61982-03758-21332-41239-32834-09507-36997

The third and fourth parameters to this function are the table and column name of the desired column, respectively. (source c3ref/table_column_metadata.html)

R-27219-49057-63143-35616-48690-21583-47587-41101

Unlike most SQL databases, SQLite does not restrict the type of data that may be inserted into a column based on the columns declared type. (source lang_createtable.html, checked-by: tcl/e_createtable.test)

R-27225-53936-31757-11046-62632-10831-21921-34667

A value of 2 means the page is an interior index b-tree page. (source fileformat2.html)

R-27225-65050-43681-51658-36819-05479-30302-31523

If the value of is NULL, then the result of the CAST expression is also NULL. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-27228-35217-15852-02871-02611-58321-58852-42304

A scalar SQL function requires an implementation of the xFunc callback only; NULL pointers must be passed as the xStep and xFinal parameters. (source c3ref/create_function.html, checked-by: th3/req1/createfunc03.test)

R-27234-05761-29027-01683-12712-48347-06174-19243

Parameter zDb is not the filename that contains the database, but rather the symbolic name of the database. For attached databases, this is the name that appears after the AS keyword in the ATTACH statement. For the main database file, the database name is "main". For TEMP tables, the database name is "temp". (source c3ref/blob_open.html, checked-by: tcl/e_blobopen.test)

R-27247-61893-58255-11187-04893-04830-19499-51561

If the name of the table is unique across all attached databases and the main and temp databases, then the database-name prefix is not required. (source lang_attach.html, checked-by: th3/req1/attach01.test)

R-27280-34366-63015-08711-30594-32620-64348-44111

The first time the sqlite3_aggregate_context(C,N) routine is called for a particular aggregate function, SQLite allocates N of memory, zeroes out that memory, and returns a pointer to the new memory. (source c3ref/aggregate_context.html, checked-by: th3/req1/aggcntx01.test)

R-27289-46867-00795-18230-38785-61782-07002-59582

If N is negative, then the limit reverts to the default value determined by the most recent sqlite3_config(SQLITE_CONFIG_MMAP_SIZE), or to the compile time default determined by SQLITE_DEFAULT_MMAP_SIZE if not start-time limit has been set. (source pragma.html)

R-27290-56511-04892-59250-62806-15127-45739-19284

CREATE INDEX po_parent ON purchaseorder(parent_po) WHERE parent_po IS NOT NULL; (source partialindex.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/index01.test)

R-27301-09658-03082-11591-62753-46064-11323-29821

Otherwise, if the ORDER BY expression is a column or an alias of an expression that is a column, then the default collation sequence for the column is used. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-27327-54431-40312-06060-63431-19500-57112-52669

The entry point is zProc. (source c3ref/load_extension.html)

R-27363-63308-55807-24434-61973-58824-33773-60814

If the result is a BLOB or UTF-8 string then the sqlite3_column_bytes() routine returns the number of bytes in that BLOB or string. (source c3ref/column_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/column01.test)

R-27383-10246-01655-25271-51755-59417-27078-62241

An ON UPDATE action is only taken if the values of the parent key are modified so that the new parent key values are not equal to the old. (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys20.test)

R-27438-53558-39373-64011-10542-64778-48166-54900

Each column of the subquery has the collation sequence and affinity of the corresponding expression in the subquery statement. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select2.test)

R-27458-04043-31882-50848-08148-11623-61104-53512

URI hexadecimal escape sequences (%HH) are supported within the path and query components of a URI. (source c3ref/open.html, checked-by: tcl/e_uri.test)

R-27472-62612-19629-13155-08759-40565-10817-64469

But WITHOUT ROWID tables do follow the standard and will throw an error on any attempt to insert a NULL into a PRIMARY KEY column. (source withoutrowid.html, checked-by: tcl/without_rowid5.test, th3/cov1/withoutrowid01.test)

R-27484-01467-40660-08782-16756-57898-53117-01697

For example, CREATE TABLE parent(a PRIMARY KEY, b UNIQUE, c, d, e, f); CREATE UNIQUE INDEX i1 ON parent(c, d); CREATE INDEX i2 ON parent(e); CREATE UNIQUE INDEX i3 ON parent(f COLLATE nocase); CREATE TABLE child1(f, g REFERENCES parent(a)); -- Ok CREATE TABLE child2(h, i REFERENCES parent(b)); -- Ok CREATE TABLE child3(j, k, FOREIGN KEY(j, k) REFERENCES parent(c, d)); -- Ok CREATE TABLE child4(l, m REFERENCES parent(e)); -- Error! CREATE TABLE child5(n, o REFERENCES parent(f)); -- Error! CREATE TABLE child6(p, q, FOREIGN KEY(p, q) REFERENCES parent(b, c)); -- Error! CREATE TABLE child7(r REFERENCES parent(c)); -- Error! The foreign key constraints created as part of tables child1, child2 and child3 are all fine. (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys07.test)

R-27484-38990-39416-37657-02655-32272-61477-41469

Reads are also usually an integer number of pages in size, with the one exception that when the database is first opened, the first 100 bytes of the database file (the database file header) are read as a sub-page size unit. (source fileformat2.html)

R-27542-08072-33902-06053-42391-63696-60417-63522

The sqlite3_set_auxdata(C,N,P,X) interface saves P as metadata for the N-th argument of the application-defined function. (source c3ref/get_auxdata.html)

R-27542-21820-48287-27325-53525-05675-63695-54951

The ANALYZE command scans all indices of database where there might be a choice between two or more indices and gathers statistics on the selectiveness of those indices. (source optoverview.html)

R-27549-59611-14621-06209-14436-33110-11201-06265

The instr(X,Y) function finds the first occurrence of string Y within string X and returns the number of prior characters plus 1, or 0 if Y is nowhere found within X. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: tcl/instr.test)

R-27562-43699-04011-60042-15842-15955-22386-12853


(source lang.html, checked-by: th3/req1/lang01.test)

R-27599-07502-21530-13120-63753-37571-15799-15475

The callback function registered by sqlite3_trace() is invoked at various times when an SQL statement is being run by sqlite3_step(). (source c3ref/profile.html)

R-27649-21314-13870-57957-53735-15830-08405-07126

However a left outer join is neither commutative nor associative and hence will not be reordered. (source optoverview.html)

R-27652-53388-13284-45406-16410-08171-15452-53884

PRAGMA default_cache_size; PRAGMA default_cache_size = Number-of-pages; This pragma queries or sets the suggested maximum number of pages of disk cache that will be allocated per open database file. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma09.test)

R-27702-51733-15398-16850-47606-12840-18480-45806

New VFSes are registered with sqlite3_vfs_register(). (source c3ref/vfs_find.html, checked-by: th3/req1/vfs01.test)

R-27741-36039-35312-26646-43562-16753-08652-02657

The remaining seven methods defined by this structure (xMutexAlloc, xMutexFree, xMutexEnter, xMutexTry, xMutexLeave, xMutexHeld and xMutexNotheld) implement the following interfaces (respectively): sqlite3_mutex_alloc() sqlite3_mutex_free() sqlite3_mutex_enter() sqlite3_mutex_try() sqlite3_mutex_leave() sqlite3_mutex_held() sqlite3_mutex_notheld() (source c3ref/mutex_methods.html)

R-27753-05999-58187-16156-08992-28399-17856-50930

The 5th parameter to the authorizer callback is the name of the database ("main", "temp", etc.) if applicable. (source c3ref/c_alter_table.html)

R-27775-64721-40407-04494-31964-21217-54345-17508

Both of these limits can be lowered at runtime using the sqlite3_limit() C/C++ interface. (source lang_createtable.html, checked-by: tcl/e_createtable.test)

R-27800-48033-09479-04735-22303-21367-59255-07249

For the index above and WHERE clause like this: ... WHERE a=5 AND b IN (1,2,3) AND d='hello' Only columns a and b of the index would be usable. The d column would not be usable because column c is not constrained and there can be no gaps in the set of columns that usable by the index. (source optoverview.html)

R-27806-26076-28846-24074-00653-42186-57572-51475

The handler for an SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA file control can optionally make the first element of the char** argument point to a string obtained from sqlite3_mprintf() or the equivalent and that string will become the result of the pragma or the error message if the pragma fails. (source c3ref/c_fcntl_busyhandler.html)

R-27809-56550-37281-65484-19482-39813-11020-02299

The VACUUM command works by copying the contents of the database into a temporary database file and then overwriting the original with the contents of the temporary file. (source lang_vacuum.html)

R-27819-43026-21380-16418-25214-30821-40612-27368

The _database_ routines return the database name, the _table_ routines return the table name, and the origin_ routines return the column name. (source c3ref/column_database_name.html)

R-27831-00579-12114-42310-13784-00983-37340-32180

NOT NULL is enforced on every column of the PRIMARY KEY in a WITHOUT ROWID table. (source withoutrowid.html, checked-by: tcl/without_rowid5.test, th3/cov1/withoutrowid01.test)

R-27847-27229-42495-29063-58716-22268-05238-18530

The first argument is the database connection object to be interrogated. (source c3ref/db_status.html, checked-by: th3/req1/dbstatus01.test)

R-27882-59129-50154-47424-02617-12665-50788-31727

The view to drop is identified by the view-name and optional database-name specified as part of the DROP VIEW statement. This reference is resolved using the standard procedure for object resolution. (source lang_dropview.html, checked-by: slt/slt_lang_dropview.test, th3/cov1/build13.test)

R-27896-13480-56358-14836-45881-39569-16238-21022

The sqlite3_result_null() interface sets the return value of the application-defined function to be NULL. (source c3ref/result_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/result01.test)

R-27910-63456-49633-56474-25927-30250-35983-46521

If an SQL operation is very nearly finished at the time when sqlite3_interrupt() is called, then it might not have an opportunity to be interrupted and might continue to completion. (source c3ref/interrupt.html)

R-27925-06263-58551-32265-51230-19990-38380-59040

SQLite strives to keep heap memory utilization below the soft heap limit by reducing the number of pages held in the page cache as heap memory usages approaches the limit. (source c3ref/soft_heap_limit64.html, checked-by: th3/req1/softheaplimit02.test)

R-27935-58314-00156-50891-26988-61472-07043-33985

Any prior cache entry associated with newKey is guaranteed not to be pinned. (source c3ref/pcache_methods2.html)

R-27941-57764-10424-18721-07448-14003-34159-15666

The sqlite3_rollback_hook() interface registers a callback function to be invoked whenever a transaction is rolled back. (source c3ref/commit_hook.html)

R-27945-10199-33337-38453-50117-26077-19774-25797

Each ordinary SQL table in the database schema is represented on-disk by a table b-tree. (source fileformat2.html)

R-27966-31616-60182-10304-08590-16090-08574-57683

An attempt to create a WITHOUT ROWID table without a PRIMARY KEY results in an error. (source withoutrowid.html, checked-by: tcl/without_rowid5.test, th3/cov1/withoutrowid01.test)

R-27994-60376-08852-47971-54191-53637-09431-08610

The same arbitrarily selected row is used for each non-aggregate expression. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-28051-48608-28159-47201-29527-20252-33499-18741

If xGeom returns anything other than SQLITE_OK, then the r-tree query will abort with an error. (source rtree.html)

R-28051-59567-56645-15588-46628-55433-20920-32934

Other processes can continue to read from the database, however. (source lang_transaction.html)

R-28054-53927-06304-60532-01730-48719-20616-01346

The default setting is determined by the SQLITE_SECURE_DELETE compile-time option. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/pragma20.test, th3/cov1/pragma21.test)

R-28154-50356-30058-06874-19427-46158-45979-22702

The file change counter is a 4-byte big-endian integer which is incremented whenever the database file is unlocked after having been modified. (source fileformat2.html)

R-28170-10886-01228-38547-37735-16350-02783-15797

To make an existing VFS into the default VFS, register it again with the makeDflt flag set. (source c3ref/vfs_find.html, checked-by: th3/req1/vfs01.test)

R-28176-28813-25399-58317-42934-47980-64589-03329

The xGeom callback always does a depth-first search of the r-tree. (source rtree.html)

R-28183-48984-04569-19175-13455-19458-08289-27795

If the callback returns non-zero, then another attempt is made to access the database and the cycle repeats. (source c3ref/busy_handler.html)

R-28207-40885-37612-34994-37916-57388-29422-16350

The last argument is a pointer into which the callback result should be written. (source rtree.html)

R-28220-46694-36270-42674-38857-47778-22952-56853

For example, if an "ON DELETE SET DEFAULT" action is configured, but there is no row in the parent table that corresponds to the default values of the child key columns, deleting a parent key while dependent child keys exist still causes a foreign key violation. (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys18.test)

R-28228-32357-57123-54703-49475-19797-57317-46170

Note that for serial types 0, 8, 9, 12, and 13, the value is zero bytes in length. If all columns are of these types then the body section of the record is empty. (source fileformat2.html)

R-28229-64777-06590-55758-54727-64377-65259-21401

If the nByte argument is less than zero, then zSql is read up to the first zero terminator. (source c3ref/prepare.html, checked-by: th3/req1/prepare01.test)

R-28258-23166-61617-36220-57922-46020-57990-00363

Row iRow is not present in the table (source c3ref/blob_open.html, checked-by: tcl/e_blobopen.test)

R-28262-47447-02372-41671-47406-00862-29752-13937

If a HAVING clause is a non-aggregate expression, it is evaluated with respect to an arbitrarily selected row from the group. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-28265-37702-63167-40719-28674-33175-26294-56765

The second argument is a pointer to the function to invoke when a row is updated, inserted or deleted in a rowid table. (source c3ref/update_hook.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/main15.test)

R-28307-32767-23693-57600-42950-25827-15696-21088

All other databases use the normal locking mode by default and are affected by this pragma. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma04.test)

R-28312-64704-30092-58113-01356-46939-35653-28661

However, the usable size is not allowed to be less than 480. In other words, if the page size is 512, then the reserved space size cannot exceed 32. (source fileformat2.html)

R-28341-38274-22543-30349-26902-44075-57456-30527

In an index on a WITHOUT ROWID table, if one or more of the columns of table PRIMARY KEY are also columns of the index, then the indexed column is not repeated in the table-key suffix on the end of the index record. (source fileformat2.html)

R-28346-31823-44337-58654-12319-45607-22371-22984

A call to either function replaces the existing collation-needed callback. (source c3ref/collation_needed.html)

R-28351-07091-05361-50500-02238-36187-02311-00737

Note that an inner transaction might commit (using the RELEASE command) but then later have its work undone by a ROLLBACK in an outer transaction. (source lang_savepoint.html)

R-28355-09804-02024-51679-13656-23007-30178-16776

If there is more than one table or subquery in FROM clause then the contents of all tables and/or subqueries are joined into a single dataset for the simple SELECT statement to operate on. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-28375-38319-63184-42611-00265-46056-03710-21134

SQLite will never request a scratch buffer that is more than 6 times the database page size. (source c3ref/c_config_covering_index_scan.html, checked-by: src/btree.c)

R-28453-47400-61335-60267-59373-07041-42359-06361

This API may be used to register a callback that SQLite will invoke when the connection currently holding the required lock relinquishes it. (source c3ref/unlock_notify.html)

R-28465-35432-54989-58142-09664-10793-19950-25889

When the temp_store setting is changed, all existing temporary tables, indices, triggers, and views are immediately deleted. (source pragma.html)

R-28530-22001-17760-49127-38466-18799-32025-16275

Content is not actually committed on the disk until the outermost transaction commits. (source lang_savepoint.html)

R-28535-44631-32814-50468-55427-04715-11501-46204

The likelihood(X) function is a no-op that the code generator optimizes away so that it consumes no CPU cycles during run-time (that is, during calls to sqlite3_step()). (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: tcl/func3.test)

R-28545-50839-26009-50683-27316-18552-46767-09065

SQLite will only request a recursive mutex in cases where it really needs one. (source c3ref/mutex_alloc.html)

R-28634-61063-44778-38561-20362-05980-13176-50824

PRAGMA locking_mode; PRAGMA locking_mode = NORMAL | EXCLUSIVE (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma04.test)

R-28659-11035-10621-07368-12698-03611-12155-24539

If the path begins with a '/' character, then it is interpreted as an absolute path. (source c3ref/open.html, checked-by: tcl/e_uri.test)

R-28676-08005-24857-51856-29072-62693-32404-21796

Table zTable does not exist within database zDb (source c3ref/blob_open.html, checked-by: tcl/e_blobopen.test)

R-28676-32830-52785-15539-23546-23390-27594-39349

The xMutexInit routine is called by SQLite exactly once for each effective call to sqlite3_initialize(). (source c3ref/mutex_methods.html)

R-28691-49464-13455-34259-09637-44341-17028-46530

The INDEXED BY and NOT INDEXED clauses are not allowed on DELETE statements within triggers. (source lang_delete.html, checked-by: tcl/e_delete.test)

R-28740-04940-19074-59456-16824-11848-19165-57032

The time() function returns the time as HH:MM:SS. (source lang_datefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/date01.test)

R-28760-53843-47957-08431-27887-29261-48374-11570

When more than two tables are joined together as part of a FROM clause, the join operations are processed in order from left to right. In other words, the FROM clause (A join-op-1 B join-op-2 C) is computed as ((A join-op-1 B) join-op-2 C). (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select2.test)

R-28765-22796-02386-57750-08034-62633-19124-45761

If the previous call to this routine had an N of 1 or more and a non-NULL P then the pseudo-randomness is generated internally and without recourse to the sqlite3_vfs xRandomness method. (source c3ref/randomness.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/random01.test)

R-28818-00847-36702-14411-16104-05353-45723-35449

Otherwise, they return the name of the attached database, table, or column that query result column was extracted from. (source c3ref/column_database_name.html)

R-28818-63526-62393-01881-62533-13491-06138-19891

If the table to which the trigger is attached is not in the temp database, then DELETE statements within the trigger body must operate on tables within the same database as it. (source lang_delete.html, checked-by: tcl/e_delete.test)

R-28853-08147-20510-38197-22369-16459-32849-06937

However, if the SELECT is a compound SELECT, then ORDER BY expressions that are not aliases to output columns must be exactly the same as an expression used as an output column. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-28870-48866-03452-03570-43153-10694-10376-44715

In SQLite, table rows normally have a 64-bit signed integer ROWID which is unique among all rows in the same table. (source autoinc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/autoinc01.test)

R-28880-18896-60065-00895-16000-25645-24475-60986

The ALTER TABLE command does not work on statistics tables. (source lang_analyze.html, checked-by: th3/req1/analyze01.test)

R-28888-42274-08103-28138-34725-55152-28406-13778

SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_SIZE This parameter records the largest memory allocation request handed to scratch memory allocator. Only the value returned in the *pHighwater parameter to sqlite3_status() is of interest. The value written into the *pCurrent parameter is undefined. (source c3ref/c_status_malloc_count.html)

R-28896-59395-18684-24339-49157-60659-05549-44155


(source lang_altertable.html)

R-28911-57501-45271-30589-18471-43910-24083-24523

The defer_foreign_keys pragma defaults to OFF so that foreign key constraints are only deferred if they are created as "DEFERRABLE INITIALLY DEFERRED". (source pragma.html, checked-by: tcl/fkey6.test, th3/cov1/fkey24.test)

R-28963-00207-05179-26933-06486-36885-16571-22389

If the database connection is associated with unfinalized prepared statements or unfinished sqlite3_backup objects then sqlite3_close() will leave the database connection open and return SQLITE_BUSY. (source c3ref/close.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/main23.test)

R-28989-00211-56037-13079-09434-49891-20969-08914

sqlite3_config() can be called as part of the implementation of an application-defined sqlite3_os_init(). (source c3ref/config.html)

R-28995-46979-25570-20018-47836-46368-43472-22663

The sqlite3_column_type() routine returns the datatype code for the initial data type of the result column. (source c3ref/column_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/column01.test)

R-29005-40549-62573-61718-07162-40054-58592-42696

FTS4 uses term prefix indexes to speed up prefix queries. (source fts3.html)

R-29045-37224-33225-01178-62278-53898-40877-61168

For example, the sqlite_stat1 table might indicate that an equality constraint on column x reduces the search space to 10 rows on average, whereas an equality constraint on column y reduces the search space to 3 rows on average. In that case, SQLite would prefer to use index ex2i2 since that index is more selective. (source optoverview.html)

R-29052-00975-25766-49663-50070-52826-19346-28533

String and BLOB values that do not look like numbers are interpreted as 0. (source lang_aggfunc.html, checked-by: slt/slt_lang_aggfunc.test, th3/req1/aggfunc01.test)

R-29082-45770-21240-41661-14924-48900-49346-30675

An attempt to read from an expired BLOB handle fails with an error code of SQLITE_ABORT. (source c3ref/blob_read.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/vdbeblob01.test)

R-29137-58191-04727-48044-60255-14464-15278-17646

SQLITE_STATUS_MALLOC_COUNT This parameter records the number of separate memory allocations currently checked out. (source c3ref/c_status_malloc_count.html)

R-29144-37270-15316-24457-48532-24353-08508-55125

The ROLLBACK command with a TO clause rolls back transactions going backwards in time back to the most recent SAVEPOINT with a matching name. (source lang_savepoint.html)

R-29161-24939-37010-28632-36605-59202-44014-09658

This is the number of sort operations that have occurred. (source c3ref/c_stmtstatus_counter.html)

R-29187-47463-37855-25397-01259-03141-56758-63159

For indexes on an ordinary rowid table, N will be one more than the number of columns indexed. (source fileformat2.html)

R-29198-50701-28906-62015-01619-10608-18054-51120

When the commit hook callback routine returns zero, the COMMIT operation is allowed to continue normally. (source c3ref/commit_hook.html)

R-29213-61195-54301-03299-01569-39638-01555-01215

The third and fourth arguments to the callback contain pointers to the database and table name containing the affected row. (source c3ref/update_hook.html, checked-by: tcl/hook.test, th3/cov1/main15.test)

R-29263-18958-07673-24386-24101-32791-35483-64861

The default setting is synchronous=FULL. (source pragma.html)

R-29276-00741-11068-20150-45137-35653-26807-40835

When the locking-mode is set to EXCLUSIVE, the database connection never releases file-locks. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma04.test)

R-29319-62175-31242-39109-13345-46061-10840-60903

If the source database connection is being used to write to the source database when sqlite3_backup_step() is called, then SQLITE_LOCKED is returned immediately. (source c3ref/backup_finish.html)

R-29353-26294-62114-45133-33417-28665-47147-29185

PRAGMA fullfsync PRAGMA fullfsync = boolean; Query or change the fullfsync flag. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma11b.test)

R-29356-02391-20787-31753-20232-32348-21090-16703

If the database uses a 65536-byte page size and the reserved space is zero (the usual value for reserved space) then the cell content offset of an empty page wants to be 65536. However, that integer is too large to be stored in a 2-byte unsigned integer, so a value of 0 is used in its place. (source fileformat2.html)

R-29387-20242-08784-06903-03129-29684-27650-40318

Some virtual table implementations might impose additional restrictions. (source lang_createvtab.html)

R-29410-53018-13680-36864-38018-28179-51962-01812

If there are too few arguments in the argument list, missing arguments are assumed to have a NULL value, which is translated into 0 or 0.0 for numeric formats or an empty string for %s. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: tcl/printf2.test, th3/cov1/printf08.test)

R-29431-39229-16691-57532-51214-42870-42294-30038

The highwater mark associated with SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_WRITE is always 0. (source c3ref/c_dbstatus_options.html, checked-by: src/status.c)

R-29466-27412-45786-34057-43817-35684-25480-06167

If a given call to sqlite3_unlock_notify() would put the system in a deadlocked state, then SQLITE_LOCKED is returned and no unlock-notify callback is registered. (source c3ref/unlock_notify.html)

R-29487-60664-46502-00172-20406-63443-24870-58948

If there is no explicitly declared INTEGER PRIMARY KEY column, then the output parameters are set as follows: data type: "INTEGER" collation sequence: "BINARY" not null: 0 primary key: 1 auto increment: 0 (source c3ref/table_column_metadata.html)

R-29497-04603-39486-29131-04048-03697-44723-21949

A subsequent call to sqlite3_result_error() or sqlite3_result_error16() resets the error code to SQLITE_ERROR. (source c3ref/result_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/result01.test)

R-29512-54644-05780-17564-45452-02840-21704-61078

If the table to which the trigger is attached is in the TEMP database, then the unqualified name of the table being updated is resolved in the same way as it is for a top-level statement (by searching first the TEMP database, then the main database, then any other databases in the order they were attached). (source lang_update.html, checked-by: tcl/e_update.test)

R-29517-30691-07524-03121-42038-48163-15213-35798

Hence, when an application changes the statistics tables directly, SQLite will not immediately notice the changes. (source lang_analyze.html, checked-by: th3/req1/analyze01.test)

R-29523-01234-45433-34913-07391-02140-19209-23434

When a "table-name" is specified, the only foreign key constraints checked are those created by REFERENCES clauses in the CREATE TABLE statement for table-name. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/fkey23.test)

R-29538-34987-07238-64188-64158-06889-50248-62239

The usual algorithm is to give the newly created row a ROWID that is one larger than the largest ROWID in the table prior to the insert. (source autoinc.html, checked-by: src/vdbe.c, th3/req1/autoinc01.test)

R-29555-61994-05019-56778-12354-29013-03139-17266

Note that if X and Y.Z are column names, then +X and +Y.Z are considered expressions for the purpose of determining affinity. (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_05.test)

R-29588-44058-56045-00722-36389-33824-35706-30523

An INSERT that fails due to a constraint violation is not a successful INSERT and does not change the value returned by this routine. (source c3ref/last_insert_rowid.html)

R-29600-32407-54811-33651-22955-26262-16018-30636

sqlite3_free() is used to free idxPtr if and only if needToFreeIdxPtr is true. (source c3ref/index_info.html)

R-29604-30395-11418-33165-02079-38209-02467-57208

However, COMMIT will fail as long as foreign key constraints remain in violation. (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys12.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys14.test)

R-29629-55858-55328-41166-17171-44417-01732-51851

Type is associated with individual values, not with the containers used to hold those values. (source c3ref/column_decltype.html)

R-29639-16887-16584-30400-13663-34877-64046-50311

The sqlite3_db_readonly(D,N) interface returns 1 if the database N of connection D is read-only, 0 if it is read/write, or -1 if N is not the name of a database on connection D. (source c3ref/db_readonly.html)

R-29639-49338-45805-35258-41039-23584-19093-35749

The sqlite3_create_function() interface can be used to override the like() function and thereby change the operation of the LIKE operator. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/func02.test)

R-29649-49812-55856-43048-16547-37449-39759-10169

The nullif(X,Y) function returns its first argument if the arguments are different and NULL if the arguments are the same. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/func02.test, th3/req1/func03.test)

R-29691-21352-53312-54436-56868-51235-26976-62729

For a blob value X, length(X) returns the number of bytes in the blob. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/func01.test)

R-29701-50711-44772-52633-13865-01358-40998-48117

The unicode(X) function returns the numeric unicode code point corresponding to the first character of the string X. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: tcl/func.test)

R-29702-55194-05446-48408-53607-29729-56782-07687

If either operand has an explicit collating function assignment using the postfix COLLATE operator, then the explicit collating function is used for comparison, with precedence to the collating function of the left operand. (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_09.test)

R-29704-26647-58862-58935-31533-13851-11315-20283

Application developers can use the EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN prefix on a statement to get a high-level overview of the chosen query strategy. (source optoverview.html)

R-29730-42609-05554-56391-51377-12498-20824-07696

In this case the result of evaluating the left-most expression from each term of the VALUES list is inserted into the left-most column of each new row, and so forth for each subsequent expression. (source lang_insert.html, checked-by: tcl/e_insert.test)

R-29740-29379-09735-48719-34134-53325-08131-24362

For any key X, pointers to the left of a X refer to b-tree pages on which all keys are less than or equal to X. (source fileformat2.html)

R-29748-45567-07187-24756-39474-12329-09927-01777

A function where the preferred text encoding matches the database encoding is a better match than a function where the encoding is different. (source c3ref/create_function.html, checked-by: th3/req1/createfunc04.test)

R-29753-05667-59108-06137-58483-55469-25582-30166

The text of query parameters is appended to the filename argument of the xOpen method of the VFS. (source uri.html)

R-29765-45832-49120-26582-31576-30942-45829-65039

When an INTEGER or REAL is compared to another INTEGER or REAL, a numerical comparison is performed. (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_04.test)

R-29779-04281-26216-55813-25026-31775-44460-23073

If the ORDER BY expression is a constant integer K then the expression is considered an alias for the K-th column of the result set (columns are numbered from left to right starting with 1). (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-29781-51289-55954-01701-34718-07402-02199-48708

So, ordinary rowid tables in SQLite violate the SQL standard and allow NULL values in PRIMARY KEY fields. (source withoutrowid.html, checked-by: tcl/without_rowid5.test, th3/cov1/withoutrowid01.test)

R-29804-27366-08727-59986-31864-09983-14088-09844

If offset iOffset is less than N bytes from the end of the BLOB, SQLITE_ERROR is returned and no data is written. (source c3ref/blob_write.html, checked-by: tcl/e_blobwrite.test)

R-29830-14325-45586-46074-54512-52450-29043-42603

If the savepoint-name in a ROLLBACK TO command does not match any SAVEPOINT on the stack, then the ROLLBACK command fails with an error and leaves the state of the database unchanged. (source lang_savepoint.html)

R-29855-60809-01544-19871-54336-63942-18466-34966

The source database connection may be used by the application for other purposes while a backup operation is underway or being initialized. (source c3ref/backup_finish.html)

R-29868-13536-10966-03336-45139-07308-57583-25685

If a NOT NULL constraint is specified, then the column must have a default value other than NULL. (source lang_altertable.html, checked-by: th3/req1/altertable01.test)

R-29875-31678-61620-24152-15277-25938-13734-04890

The argument to the SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA file control is an array of pointers to strings (char**) in which the second element of the array is the name of the pragma and the third element is the argument to the pragma or NULL if the pragma has no argument. (source c3ref/c_fcntl_busyhandler.html)

R-29897-28851-11131-17538-15635-12313-50588-15022

Such transactions usually persist until the next COMMIT or ROLLBACK command. But a transaction will also ROLLBACK if the database is closed or if an error occurs and the ROLLBACK conflict resolution algorithm is specified. (source lang_transaction.html)

R-29901-08836-51888-40758-53445-49475-03703-08720

The SQLITE_OPEN_EXCLUSIVE flag is always used in conjunction with the SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE flag, which are both directly analogous to the O_EXCL and O_CREAT flags of the POSIX open() API. (source c3ref/vfs.html, checked-by: th3/th3testvfs.c)

R-29907-62378-42519-29973-48919-58819-22759-58497

Calling sqlite3_auto_extension(X) with an entry point X that is already on the list of automatic extensions is a harmless no-op. (source c3ref/auto_extension.html, checked-by: th3/req1/autoext01.test)

R-29987-53326-32227-44761-37373-28199-35279-34751

The leftmost column of the result set has the index 0. (source c3ref/column_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/column01.test)

R-29989-03153-00644-12353-52386-44408-44979-16456

If the argument to sqlite3_mutex_enter(), sqlite3_mutex_try(), or sqlite3_mutex_leave() is a NULL pointer, then all three routines behave as no-ops. (source c3ref/mutex_alloc.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/mutex01.test)

R-30001-10095-62865-61285-32235-57729-38609-25645

Only ROWID values from previously transactions that were committed are considered. ROWID values that were rolled back are ignored and can be reused. (source autoinc.html)

R-30008-03647-27202-20831-29850-54434-32362-14140

If the result is a BLOB or UTF-16 string then the sqlite3_column_bytes16() routine returns the number of bytes in that BLOB or string. (source c3ref/column_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/column01.test)

R-30025-13801-01234-26643-63886-25441-43268-35607

The psow parameter indicates whether or not the powersafe overwrite property does or does not apply to the storage media on which the database file resides. (source c3ref/open.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/psow01.test)

R-30082-38996-55894-31210-19025-03289-36793-27218

The non-equals operator can be either != or <>. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-30083-58938-31645-59750-38554-41419-43937-22175

The index of the column is stored in aConstraint[].iColumn. (source c3ref/index_info.html)

R-30104-14201-52849-13140-57489-26582-19257-15267

Additional application-specific collating functions can be added to SQLite using the sqlite3_create_collation() interface. (source fileformat2.html)

R-30105-58549-25183-38919-44198-38701-12397-38507

PASSIVE Checkpoint as many frames as possible without waiting for any database readers or writers to finish. Sync the db file if all frames in the log are checkpointed. (source pragma.html)

R-30129-51241-12586-54609-11421-44691-24678-31141

The "double" variable pointed to by the T parameter will be set to the query planner's estimate for the average number of rows output from each iteration of the X-th loop. (source c3ref/c_scanstat_est.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/status02.test)

R-30130-35580-22710-51488-33023-50540-34126-23356

If SQLite is compiled with the SQLITE_MUTEX_APPDEF preprocessor macro defined (with "-DSQLITE_MUTEX_APPDEF=1"), then no mutex implementation is included with the library. In this case the application must supply a custom mutex implementation using the SQLITE_CONFIG_MUTEX option of the sqlite3_config() function before calling sqlite3_initialize() or any other public sqlite3_ function that calls sqlite3_initialize(). (source c3ref/mutex_alloc.html)

R-30135-06439-12622-19657-03902-02051-33050-20191

The wal_autocheckpoint pragma can be used to invoke this interface from SQL. (source c3ref/wal_autocheckpoint.html)

R-30140-15527-13572-28268-32284-47435-56739-50325

The compress option is used to specify the compress function. (source fts3.html)

R-30189-54097-58322-43687-36717-28803-52946-09131

For each limit category SQLITE_LIMIT_NAME there is a hard upper bound set at compile-time by a C preprocessor macro called SQLITE_MAX_NAME. (The "_LIMIT_" in the name is changed to "_MAX_".) (source c3ref/limit.html, checked-by: src/main.c)

R-30195-08968-16924-33658-13499-65099-07965-35563

All automatic checkpoints are PASSIVE. (source pragma.html)

R-30203-16177-21836-43860-61302-22339-06718-16250

If a WHERE clause is supplied, then only those rows for which the result of evaluating the WHERE clause as a boolean expression is true are deleted. (source lang_delete.html, checked-by: tcl/e_delete.test)

R-30224-53949-52765-04057-07963-58169-00243-05425

The load_extension() function will fail if the extension attempts to modify or delete an SQL function or collating sequence. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/func03.test)

R-30235-58964-46895-22364-45908-13682-50023-55727

When one of RAISE(ROLLBACK,...), RAISE(ABORT,...) or RAISE(FAIL,...) is called during trigger-program execution, the specified ON CONFLICT processing is performed the current query terminates. (source lang_createtrigger.html)

R-30243-02494-34522-44043-46462-44113-55048-51587

The sqlite3_stricmp() and sqlite3_strnicmp() APIs allow applications and extensions to compare the contents of two buffers containing UTF-8 strings in a case-independent fashion, using the same definition of "case independence" that SQLite uses internally when comparing identifiers. (source c3ref/stricmp.html, checked-by: src/util.c)

R-30248-02140-43435-09276-30517-50982-49513-41085

The first three columns contain an integer value. (source eqp.html, checked-by: th3/req1/eqp01.test)

R-30264-64343-18676-16200-46556-14505-34639-51509

All arguments are preceded by a single space. (source fileformat2.html)

R-30269-25284-41363-48378-16742-02348-00072-11353

The default value of the fullfsync flag is off. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma11b.test)

R-30311-39793-14973-30919-34186-11921-51287-47112

The minimum value is the first non-NULL value that would appear in an ORDER BY of the column. (source lang_aggfunc.html, checked-by: slt/slt_lang_aggfunc.test, th3/req1/aggfunc01.test)

R-30323-21917-40561-21411-57538-63013-10240-64875

Each foreign key constraint in SQLite is classified as either immediate or deferred. (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: src/build.c, src/fkey.c, src/sqliteInt.h, tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys12.test)

R-30326-06845-64615-54981-43603-53973-26447-14350

The destructor is called to dispose of the BLOB or string even if the call to bind API fails. (source c3ref/bind_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/bind01.test)

R-30345-49683-04761-28240-55990-63496-60615-22028

If the SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA file control returns SQLITE_OK, then the parser assumes that the VFS has handled the PRAGMA itself and the parser generates a no-op prepared statement. (source c3ref/c_fcntl_busyhandler.html)

R-30347-18702-41681-51017-11561-03801-56644-21815

Casting a REAL or INTEGER value to NUMERIC is a no-op, even if a real value could be losslessly converted to an integer. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-30358-48480-02487-45285-44102-55038-52936-37421

The SQLITE_SOURCE_ID macro evaluates to a string which identifies a particular check-in of SQLite within its configuration management system. (source c3ref/c_source_id.html, checked-by: th3/req1/version01.test)

R-30374-63100-15715-29897-06518-00278-46226-59168

Every call to sqlite3_backup_step() obtains a shared lock on the source database that lasts for the duration of the sqlite3_backup_step() call. (source c3ref/backup_finish.html)

R-30391-20943-57014-62404-57876-35219-41861-22105

There can only be a single busy handler defined for each database connection. Setting a new busy handler clears any previously set handler. (source c3ref/busy_handler.html)

R-30421-55991-39549-12405-27351-40339-14538-12541


(source lang_createtrigger.html)

R-30433-25443-23879-51033-37593-48703-34224-12115

An underscore ("_") in the LIKE pattern matches any single character in the string. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-30441-22868-56259-01619-42877-06616-24361-33172

Whenever a prepared statement runs, it first checks the schema cookie to make sure the value is the same as when the statement was prepared and if the schema cookie has changed, the statement aborts in order to force the statement to be reprepared. (source fileformat2.html)

R-30470-29835-03618-00817-05721-31518-05673-45416

Any column in an SQLite version 3 database, except an INTEGER PRIMARY KEY column, may be used to store a value of any storage class. (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_11.test)

R-30481-56627-22651-35996-10349-58660-54475-15242

Any scalar expression may be used in the LIMIT clause, so long as it evaluates to an integer or a value that can be losslessly converted to an integer. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-30493-01537-45458-43801-08603-54598-05440-48528

If this routine has not been previously called or if the previous call had N less than one or a NULL pointer for P, then the PRNG is seeded using randomness obtained from the xRandomness method of the default sqlite3_vfs object. (source c3ref/randomness.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/random01.test)

R-30526-43432-10994-07089-02178-39041-60976-54446

The locking mode of temp and in-memory databases cannot be changed. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma04.test)

R-30582-29746-05981-37310-62755-30295-44870-62832

If the callback on a commit hook function returns non-zero, then the commit is converted into a rollback. (source c3ref/commit_hook.html)

R-30617-11336-33984-38056-06680-32424-07593-35065

After calling the xDestroy() method, SQLite considers the sqlite3_pcache* handle invalid, and will not use it with any other sqlite3_pcache_methods2 functions. (source c3ref/pcache_methods2.html, checked-by: th3/th3pcache.c)

R-30638-59954-59281-20323-32142-07020-22821-14638

In a CASE without a base expression, each WHEN expression is evaluated and the result treated as a boolean, starting with the leftmost and continuing to the right. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-30660-47403-42477-20953-42005-41440-18397-57556


(source lang.html, checked-by: th3/req1/lang01.test)

R-30687-15230-29813-38800-06728-37939-57957-31201

The WAL header is 32 bytes in size and consists of the following eight big-endian 32-bit unsigned integer values: WAL Header Format OffsetSizeDescription 04 Magic number. 0x377f0682 or 0x377f0683 44 File format version. Currently 3007000. 84 Database page size. Example: 1024 124 Checkpoint sequence number 164 Salt-1: random integer incremented with each checkpoint 204 Salt-2: a different random number for each checkpoint 244 Checksum-1: First part of a checksum on the first 24 bytes of header 284 Checksum-2: Second part of the checksum on the first 24 bytes of header (source fileformat2.html)

R-30706-28124-41609-09812-46589-19781-13156-38380

This mode is the same as calling sqlite3_wal_checkpoint(). (source pragma.html)

R-30809-57812-61495-62022-11490-25278-56613-15778

The final callback parameter is the rowid of the row. (source c3ref/update_hook.html, checked-by: tcl/hook.test, th3/cov1/main15.test)

R-30814-53756-49698-58904-46011-12554-22448-40537

SQLITE_STATUS_MEMORY_USED This parameter is the current amount of memory checked out using sqlite3_malloc(), either directly or indirectly. The figure includes calls made to sqlite3_malloc() by the application and internal memory usage by the SQLite library. Scratch memory controlled by SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH and auxiliary page-cache memory controlled by SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE is not included in this parameter. The amount returned is the sum of the allocation sizes as reported by the xSize method in sqlite3_mem_methods. (source c3ref/c_status_malloc_count.html)

R-30879-62015-53996-61326-18041-63884-46339-47880

And the declared type of "STRING" has an affinity of NUMERIC, not TEXT. (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_02.test)

R-30918-12436-57339-31834-32101-57409-49210-29864

The sqlite3_result_text64() interface sets the return value of an application-defined function to be a text string in an encoding specified by the fifth (and last) parameter, which must be one of SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_UTF16, SQLITE_UTF16BE, or SQLITE_UTF16LE. (source c3ref/result_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/result02.test)

R-30955-38324-06638-08685-16466-65436-15533-06365

If the UPDATE statement also has an OFFSET clause, then it is similarly evaluated and cast to an integer value. If the OFFSET expression evaluates to a non-negative value M, then the first M rows are skipped and the following N rows updated instead. (source lang_update.html, checked-by: tcl/e_update.test)

R-30964-04756-41013-33290-38906-18403-44827-12997

The legacy behavior was that sqlite3_step() would only return a generic SQLITE_ERROR result code and the application would have to make a second call to sqlite3_reset() in order to find the underlying cause of the problem. (source c3ref/prepare.html, checked-by: th3/req1/prepare03.test)

R-30967-33251-18681-38633-21419-53092-54100-57767

Memory to hold the error message string is managed internally and must not be freed by the application (source c3ref/errcode.html)

R-30981-64168-44842-46448-61673-47635-40067-59553

For each UNIQUE constraint on the table, each row must contain a unique combination of values in the columns identified by the UNIQUE constraint. (source lang_createtable.html, checked-by: tcl/e_createtable.test)

R-31029-02789-51389-40070-25151-19392-18984-32450

Root pages are moved to the beginning of the database file by the CREATE TABLE, CREATE INDEX, DROP TABLE, and DROP INDEX operations. (source fileformat2.html)

R-31035-48105-55236-17512-32062-12366-10110-52557

If no arguments are given, all attached databases are analyzed. (source lang_analyze.html, checked-by: th3/req1/analyze01.test)

R-31067-37494-56120-35098-11105-54623-54147-27483

Triggers are removed using the DROP TRIGGER statement. (source lang_createtrigger.html)

R-31070-13763-03261-14688-14121-11229-57314-08102

The sqlite3_busy_handler(D,X,P) routine sets a callback function X that might be invoked with argument P whenever an attempt is made to access a database table associated with database connection D when another thread or process has the table locked. (source c3ref/busy_handler.html)

R-31074-37730-44024-06868-31899-04779-58492-60283

Any SELECT statement, including compound SELECTs and SELECT statements with ORDER BY and/or LIMIT clauses, may be used in an INSERT statement of this form. (source lang_insert.html, checked-by: tcl/e_insert.test)

R-31076-23575-44085-04825-53567-12397-07773-16537

Casting a value to a with no affinity causes the value to be converted into a BLOB. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-31086-35521-56938-30140-08121-54172-49179-57363

On success, SQLITE_OK is returned and the new BLOB handle is stored in *ppBlob. Otherwise an error code is returned and, unless the error code is SQLITE_MISUSE, *ppBlob is set to NULL. (source c3ref/blob_open.html, checked-by: tcl/e_blobopen.test)

R-31093-59126-54996-31086-46526-58121-23400-49196

The default suggested cache size is 2000 pages. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma09.test)

R-31163-29022-10663-19494-01661-06524-11639-30452

The "E" character that begins the exponentiation clause of a floating point literal can be either upper or lower case. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: th3/req1/expr01.test)

R-31204-44780-48490-01818-36589-33853-37932-09648

Database zDb does not exist (source c3ref/blob_open.html, checked-by: tcl/e_blobopen.test)

R-31231-36717-57726-13439-19567-41766-26823-60811

The new mutex is recursive when SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE is used but not necessarily so when SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST is used. (source c3ref/mutex_alloc.html)

R-31235-42643-53508-27982-17967-09319-44968-07098

The fourth column in the output of the foreign_key_check pragma is the same integer as the first column in the output of the foreign_key_list pragma. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/fkey23.test)

R-31246-29731-62646-60277-08521-29245-49284-60874

The pContext member of the sqlite3_rtree_geometry structure is always set to a copy of the pContext argument passed to sqlite3_rtree_geometry_callback() when the callback is registered. (source rtree.html)

R-31248-24630-37475-28758-64215-56604-24000-32221

The 32-bit integers are big-endian if the magic number in the first 4 bytes of the WAL header is 0x377f0683 and the integers are little-endian if the magic number is 0x377f0682. (source fileformat2.html)

R-31275-44060-31786-28874-63587-64128-53792-58628

Strings returned by sqlite3_column_text() and sqlite3_column_text16(), even empty strings, are always zero-terminated. (source c3ref/column_blob.html, checked-by: src/vdbemem.c, th3/req1/column01.test)

R-31295-24696-44210-39757-63794-35429-55817-16527

Let M be ((U-12)*32/255)-23. If P is greater than X then the number of byte stored on the b-tree page is the smaller of M+((P-M)%(U-4)) and X. (source fileformat2.html)

R-31305-35170-11464-64098-34506-16219-33057-18056

After the header and zero padding are zero or more page records. (source fileformat2.html)

R-31312-33516-05278-47140-12669-18608-41834-55008

The lower(X) function returns a copy of string X with all ASCII characters converted to lower case. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/func02.test)

R-31327-09584-58286-37804-26894-23464-47071-52660

The final column, "detail", contains a text value which carries most of the useful information. (source eqp.html, checked-by: th3/req1/eqp01.test)

R-31338-54830-28259-56420-63783-19909-54858-57072

The error code and message for the failed call to sqlite3_backup_init() can be retrieved using the sqlite3_errcode(), sqlite3_errmsg(), and/or sqlite3_errmsg16() functions. (source c3ref/backup_finish.html, checked-by: th3/req1/backup02.test)

R-31386-03131-57152-48354-62931-03354-07372-50774

The authorizer callback should return SQLITE_OK to allow the action, SQLITE_IGNORE to disallow the specific action but allow the SQL statement to continue to be compiled, or SQLITE_DENY to cause the entire SQL statement to be rejected with an error. (source c3ref/set_authorizer.html)

R-31406-45734-45366-20105-37202-23050-60311-59562

If the 2nd parameter to sqlite3_exec() is a NULL pointer, a pointer to an empty string, or a pointer that contains only whitespace and/or SQL comments, then no SQL statements are evaluated and the database is not changed. (source c3ref/exec.html, checked-by: th3/req1/exec01.test)

R-31407-09838-16507-11461-46420-27815-09445-39948

The sqlite3_user_data() interface returns a copy of the pointer that was the pUserData parameter (the 5th parameter) of the sqlite3_create_function() and sqlite3_create_function16() routines that originally registered the application defined function. (source c3ref/user_data.html, checked-by: th3/req1/userdata01.test)

R-31408-40510-22122-10015-33730-53894-47100-33813

There are three arguments to SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE: A pointer to 8-byte aligned memory, the size of each page buffer (sz), and the number of pages (N). (source c3ref/c_config_covering_index_scan.html, checked-by: src/main.c, th3/cov1/main42.test)

R-31442-26915-27818-62289-58213-54460-29931-06977

The default built-in lower() function works for ASCII characters only. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/func02.test)

R-31453-41389-40618-59449-38915-45174-40720-02932

For example, the function "count(distinct X)" will return the number of distinct values of column X instead of the total number of non-null values in column X. (source lang_aggfunc.html, checked-by: slt/slt_lang_aggfunc.test, th3/req1/aggfunc01.test)

R-31495-11906-44188-55003-62019-53005-39571-59325

If a database name is given as the argument, then all tables and indices in that one database are analyzed. (source lang_analyze.html, checked-by: th3/req1/analyze01.test)

R-31509-21858-22614-04075-64482-13479-08451-58532

The "order" option may be set to either "DESC" or "ASC" (in upper or lower case). (source fts3.html)

R-31509-40414-28527-23209-39294-56164-06955-51281

The purpose of the likelihood(X,Y) function is to provide a hint to the query planner that the argument X is a boolean that is true with a probability of approximately Y. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/where42.test)

R-31518-37056-56231-07788-10281-54147-06570-65506

If the destructor argument is SQLITE_STATIC, it means that the content pointer is constant and will never change. (source c3ref/c_static.html, checked-by: th3/req1/clearbind01.test, th3/req1/static01.test)

R-31526-56213-47195-27280-32450-14597-41051-28661

The specific value of WHERE-clause parameter might influence the choice of query plan if the parameter is the left-hand side of a LIKE or GLOB operator or if the parameter is compared to an indexed column and the SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 compile-time option is enabled. (source c3ref/prepare.html, checked-by: th3/req1/prepare04.test)

R-31536-32008-60945-18932-27030-19997-64437-42960

Literal values may be integers, floating point numbers, strings, BLOBs, or NULLs. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-31537-00101-65351-40298-33316-64699-39889-60990

If a HAVING clause is specified, it is evaluated once for each group of rows as a boolean expression. If the result of evaluating the HAVING clause is false, the group is discarded. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-31559-52189-63274-09210-03777-15240-18014-01548

Inner joins can be freely reordered. (source optoverview.html)

R-31564-02325-34931-02589-00075-61203-06180-54330


(source lang_altertable.html)

R-31567-38587-20789-38106-63049-52268-08688-06103

If the table to which the trigger is attached is in the TEMP database, then the unqualified name of the table being deleted is resolved in the same way as it is for a top-level statement (by searching first the TEMP database, then the main database, then any other databases in the order they were attached). (source lang_delete.html, checked-by: tcl/e_delete.test)

R-31579-59686-01381-52027-49305-56500-23555-06857

To avoid having to register all collation sequences before a database can be used, a single callback function may be registered with the database connection to be invoked whenever an undefined collation sequence is required. (source c3ref/collation_needed.html)

R-31676-45509-42539-51511-07128-62436-51993-36875

If X is the integer -9223372036854775808 then abs(X) throws an integer overflow error since there is no equivalent positive 64-bit two complement value. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: src/func.c, th3/cov1/func01.test)

R-31757-07599-53600-28407-17941-01600-55959-20235

As an internal optimization, small floating point values with no fractional component and stored in columns with REAL affinity are written to disk as integers in order to take up less space and are automatically converted back into floating point as the value is read out. (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_12.test)

R-31764-59173-05200-42928-33270-18898-11058-33059

julianday(timestring, modifier, modifier, ...) (source lang_datefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/date01.test)

R-31773-41793-43777-15026-65463-02438-20954-63890

If sqlite3_open_v2() is used and the "cache" parameter is present in a URI filename, its value overrides any behavior requested by setting SQLITE_OPEN_PRIVATECACHE or SQLITE_OPEN_SHAREDCACHE flag. (source c3ref/open.html, checked-by: tcl/e_uri.test)

R-31775-48204-44006-26750-02620-57678-37164-54735

Or, if a PRIMARY KEY clause is specified as a table-constraint, then the primary key of the table consists of the list of columns specified as part of the PRIMARY KEY clause. (source lang_createtable.html, checked-by: tcl/e_createtable.test)

R-31795-57643-34892-44323-47602-12322-63634-37934

a NOT NULL constraint dictates that the associated column may not contain a NULL value. Attempting to set the column value to NULL when inserting a new row or updating an existing one causes a constraint violation. (source lang_createtable.html, checked-by: tcl/e_createtable.test)

R-31812-49659-31326-36358-44931-00819-19755-27412

The size of a blob may not be changed by this interface. (source c3ref/blob_open.html)

R-31826-01813-36062-43919-63231-47318-45635-11887

An error is raised if more than one PRIMARY KEY clause appears in a CREATE TABLE statement. (source lang_createtable.html, checked-by: tcl/e_createtable.test)

R-31839-40105-47825-07965-38954-04263-02531-41060

Both forms of the pragma return the maximum page count. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma12.test)

R-31842-04164-45925-20128-62976-05013-64077-31889

The zeroblob(N) function returns a BLOB consisting of N bytes of 0x00. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/func04.test)

R-31855-18665-44731-17316-60627-29707-46771-04515

If sqlite3_open_v2() is used and the vfs option is present, then the VFS specified by the option takes precedence over the value passed as the fourth parameter to sqlite3_open_v2(). (source c3ref/open.html, checked-by: tcl/e_uri.test)

R-31877-46991-26033-20819-54780-54256-64426-46176

In addition to being a result code, the SQLITE_ABORT value is also used as a conflict resolution mode returned from the sqlite3_vtab_on_conflict() interface. (source rescode.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/vtab04.test, th3/cov1/vtab07.test)

R-31881-13880-39891-17539-21926-06368-53167-38054

When an applicable constraint violation occurs, the ROLLBACK resolution algorithm aborts the current SQL statement with an SQLITE_CONSTRAINT error and rolls back the current transaction. (source lang_conflict.html, checked-by: th3/req1/conflict01.test)

R-31882-08811-51062-63000-47445-51971-26333-04918

But the FAIL resolution does not back out prior changes of the SQL statement that failed nor does it end the transaction. (source lang_conflict.html, checked-by: th3/req1/conflict01.test)

R-31883-14373-53297-17557-08649-10879-14648-40339

If the path component is omitted, then the database is stored in a temporary file that will be automatically deleted when the database connection closes. (source uri.html)

R-31884-19145-46591-63123-39712-55381-35148-20037

The syntax for the ON CONFLICT clause is as shown above for the CREATE TABLE command. (source lang_conflict.html, checked-by: th3/req1/conflict01.test)

R-31969-57825-42101-14521-32158-26846-01551-49036

If EXCLUSIVE locking mode is set prior to the first WAL-mode database access, then SQLite never attempts to call any of the shared-memory methods and hence no shared-memory wal-index is ever created. (source wal.html, checked-by: tcl/e_wal.test, th3/req1/pragma05.test)

R-31984-08010-07046-54406-16085-56792-07633-10679

On windows, if the absolute path begins with "/X:/" where X is any single ASCII alphabetic character ("a" through "z" or "A" through "Z") then the "X:" is understood to be the drive letter of the volume containing the file, not the toplevel directory. (source uri.html)

R-32023-34269-07081-56751-59037-09134-01490-38261

The second parameter is the name of the SQL function to be created or redefined. (source c3ref/create_function.html, checked-by: th3/req1/createfunc01.test)

R-32076-12237-46595-29546-24176-12469-16826-41322

However, if three additional indices where added that contained columns b, c, and d as their left-most columns, then the OR-clause optimization might apply. (source optoverview.html)

R-32076-61231-62705-03238-04533-28632-50823-60259

If the payload size P is less than or equal to U-35 then the entire payload is stored on the b-tree leaf page. (source fileformat2.html)

R-32090-20403-62451-54879-55700-60084-08956-01962

Autocommit mode is re-enabled by a COMMIT or ROLLBACK. (source c3ref/get_autocommit.html)

R-32101-19135-54459-01785-29001-54232-54152-02071

The sqlite3_result_zeroblob() interfaces set the result of the application-defined function to be a BLOB containing all zero bytes and N bytes in size, where N is the value of the 2nd parameter. (source c3ref/result_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/result01.test)

R-32157-42167-08368-62832-45024-59083-51380-54169

The normal configuration for SQLite running on workstations is for atomic write to be disabled, for the maximum page size to be set to 65536, for SQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE to be 1024, and for the maximum default page size to be set to 8192. (source pragma.html)

R-32172-42404-39492-45133-11034-45047-00308-58009

Function sqlite3_backup_step(B,N) will copy up to N pages between the source and destination databases specified by sqlite3_backup object B. (source c3ref/backup_finish.html, checked-by: th3/req1/backup03.test)

R-32181-50629-37005-34302-07700-29801-11487-35180

Queries that contain a single MIN() or MAX() aggregate function whose argument is the left-most column of an index might be satisfied by doing a single index lookup rather than by scanning the entire table. (source optoverview.html)

R-32195-19465-48930-47525-56822-22090-53999-25366

The schema version is used by SQLite each time a query is executed to ensure that the internal cache of the schema used when compiling the SQL query matches the schema of the database against which the compiled query is actually executed. (source pragma.html)

R-32235-53300-57293-28888-55345-58030-49173-41178

FOR EACH ROW implies that the SQL statements specified in the trigger may be executed (depending on the WHEN clause) for each database row being inserted, updated or deleted by the statement causing the trigger to fire. (source lang_createtrigger.html)

R-32266-59420-04967-20715-46228-25200-01200-16446

If the second parameter (zDbName) does not match the name of any open database file, then SQLITE_ERROR is returned. (source c3ref/file_control.html)

R-32267-31938-07296-47086-37699-20446-18682-32942

The data_store_directory pragma may modify this variable and cause it to point to memory obtained from sqlite3_malloc. (source c3ref/data_directory.html)

R-32314-55453-63895-39404-41494-43714-53341-54623


(source lang_createvtab.html)

R-32326-44592-25744-64223-64465-06212-39042-00138

Unlike normal SQLite columns, an integer primary key or rowid column must contain integer values. Integer primary key or rowid columns are not able to hold floating point values, strings, BLOBs, or NULLs. (source lang_createtable.html, checked-by: tcl/e_createtable.test)

R-32329-22225-62429-19871-19916-05643-31400-56048

The sqlite_stat4.idx column holds name of the index that the row describes, or in the case of an sqlite_stat4 entry for a WITHOUT ROWID table, the name of the table itself. (source fileformat2.html)

R-32333-58476-07670-32465-34848-10846-33271-03352

Triggers are automatically dropped when the table that they are associated with (the table-name table) is dropped. (source lang_createtrigger.html)

R-32341-39358-46818-14772-56147-53577-21121-58224

However if the phrase "WITHOUT ROWID" is added to the end of a CREATE TABLE statement, then the special "rowid" column is omitted. (source withoutrowid.html, checked-by: tcl/without_rowid5.test, th3/cov1/withoutrowid01.test)

R-32365-09043-50030-24839-64719-45976-15708-15010

A "CREATE TABLE ... AS SELECT" statement creates and populates a database table based on the results of a SELECT statement. (source lang_createtable.html, checked-by: tcl/e_createtable.test)

R-32369-26304-55789-00588-64019-11696-17983-36545

If the transaction is immediate, then RESERVED locks are acquired on all databases as soon as the BEGIN command is executed, without waiting for the database to be used. (source lang_transaction.html)

R-32521-20590-49288-35397-47504-42377-60996-54301

The time string is followed by zero or more modifiers. (source lang_datefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/date01.test)

R-32562-20566-46417-07999-12317-06673-44579-53773

When three or more simple SELECTs are connected into a compound SELECT, they group from left to right. In other words, if "A", "B" and "C" are all simple SELECT statements, (A op B op C) is processed as ((A op B) op C). (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-32575-52606-04029-38072-09330-12543-11814-27885

There can be an arbitrary number of sqlite_stat3 entries per index. (source fileformat2.html)

R-32633-52682-08562-36271-43194-24127-51342-52899

At least szOsFile bytes of memory are allocated by SQLite to hold the sqlite3_file structure passed as the third argument to xOpen. (source c3ref/vfs.html, checked-by: th3/th3testvfs.c)

R-32693-16572-08453-15229-49794-25574-60503-63674

If SQLite is compiled with the SQLITE_ENABLE_ATOMIC_WRITE option, then the default page size is chosen to be the largest page size less than or equal to SQLITE_MAX_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE for which atomic write is enabled according to the xDeviceCharacteristics method of the sqlite3_io_methods object for the database file. (source pragma.html)

R-32706-07403-21974-02831-34123-06843-55643-09070

No affinity transformations are applied to any values when comparing rows as part of a compound SELECT. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-32737-17936-16355-61809-23249-50193-59951-04545

Comments are not SQL commands, but can occur within the text of SQL queries passed to sqlite3_prepare_v2() and related interfaces. (source lang_comment.html, checked-by: th3/req1/comment01.test)

R-32768-47925-14881-49153-08372-50935-16619-06911

If an immediate foreign key constraint is violated, the DROP TABLE statement fails and the table is not dropped. (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys16.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys22.test)

R-32792-60226-60844-50115-44778-21229-22761-46890

The ESCAPE clause cannot appear on the LIKE operator. (source optoverview.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/where03.test)

R-32806-65233-63423-39928-44686-28712-07931-12350

The fourth argument, pArg, is an application data pointer that is passed through as the first argument to the collating function callback. (source c3ref/create_collation.html, checked-by: th3/req1/createcoll01.test)

R-32809-14620-63808-12852-40065-57653-46928-34414

The parent key must be a named column or columns in the parent table, not the rowid. (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: th3/req1/foreignkeys03.test)

R-32857-15826-08814-08217-40160-38064-19925-14488

Subsequent calls to sqlite3_get_auxdata(C,N) return P from the most recent sqlite3_set_auxdata(C,N,P,X) call if the metadata is still valid or NULL if the metadata has been discarded. (source c3ref/get_auxdata.html)

R-32918-61474-62391-07743-12159-44767-00770-02393

Before entering a trigger program the value returned by sqlite3_changes() function is saved. After the trigger program has finished, the original value is restored. (source c3ref/changes.html, checked-by: tcl/e_changes.test)

R-32977-38363-55737-64786-46399-31149-31160-28820

When no indices are available to aid the evaluation of a query, SQLite might create an automatic index that lasts only for the duration of a single SQL statement. (source optoverview.html)

R-33035-16498-10379-54790-22685-33042-10966-12535

If a memory allocation fails, then SQLITE_NOMEM is returned. (source c3ref/complete.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/complete01.test)

R-33038-09382-52096-22256-12094-15064-07280-37767

If the second argument to SQLITE_DBCONFIG_LOOKASIDE is not a multiple of 8, it is internally rounded down to the next smaller multiple of 8. (source c3ref/c_dbconfig_enable_fkey.html, checked-by: src/main.c)

R-33044-60878-17914-17978-29807-58518-12841-10754

an implicit DELETE FROM does cause any configured foreign key actions to take place. (source lang_droptable.html, checked-by: th3/req1/droptable01.test)

R-33075-33190-25707-00729-29148-31049-04309-45993

If a keyword in single quotes (ex: 'key' or 'glob') is used in a context where an identifier is allowed but where a string literal is not allowed, then the token is understood to be an identifier instead of a string literal. (source lang_keywords.html, checked-by: th3/req1/keyword01.test)

R-33080-59193-42664-27310-42541-31106-33090-39782

Checkpoints initiated by this mechanism are PASSIVE. (source c3ref/wal_autocheckpoint.html)

R-33113-07215-37933-59376-21317-00912-14100-16891

The iRowid field is the rowid (the first of the 3 to 11 columns in the R*Tree) for the element being considered. iRowid is only valid for leaves. (source rtree.html)

R-33124-58846-63098-57444-60113-38939-22033-09777

Note that when the right-hand side of a LIKE or GLOB operator is a parameter and the statement is prepared using sqlite3_prepare_v2() or sqlite3_prepare16_v2() then the statement is automatically reparsed and recompiled on the first sqlite3_step() call of each run if the binding to the right-hand side parameter has changed since the previous run. (source optoverview.html)

R-33140-21501-29804-63127-48240-59602-40241-17867

For the LIKE operator, if case_sensitive_like mode is enabled then the column must indexed using BINARY collating sequence, or if case_sensitive_like mode is disabled then the column must indexed using built-in NOCASE collating sequence. (source optoverview.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/where03.test)

R-33142-02092-43419-10432-03484-54260-43121-37781

AUTOINCREMENT does not work on WITHOUT ROWID tables. (source withoutrowid.html, checked-by: tcl/without_rowid5.test, th3/cov1/withoutrowid01.test)

R-33207-46321-53026-17702-02411-39856-40381-40284

PRAGMA secure_delete; PRAGMA database.secure_delete; PRAGMA secure_delete = boolean PRAGMA database.secure_delete = boolean Query or change the secure-delete setting. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/pragma20.test, th3/cov1/pragma21.test)

R-33211-38833-64331-54724-35381-31821-05246-63257

These routines do not parse the SQL statements thus will not detect syntactically incorrect SQL. (source c3ref/complete.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/complete01.test)

R-33257-44249-04384-28673-29527-48027-05174-23036

The update hook is not invoked when WITHOUT ROWID tables are modified. (source c3ref/update_hook.html, checked-by: tcl/hook.test)

R-33315-53384-19536-00039-42426-59902-48545-24529

Thus, the backup may be performed on a live source database without preventing other database connections from reading or writing to the source database while the backup is underway. (source c3ref/backup_finish.html, checked-by: th3/req1/backup01.test)

R-33316-19795-08370-35100-15159-39307-16097-56767

If the most recent call to sqlite3_step(S) for the prepared statement S indicated an error, then sqlite3_reset(S) returns an appropriate error code. (source c3ref/reset.html, checked-by: th3/th3util.c)

R-33326-45252-38720-14593-54555-59144-23018-05599

The ON DELETE and ON UPDATE action associated with each foreign key in an SQLite database is one of "NO ACTION", "RESTRICT", "SET NULL", "SET DEFAULT" or "CASCADE". (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: src/parse.y, tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys16.test)

R-33352-16228-19462-25047-13980-23357-27400-59118

When the EXPLAIN keyword appears by itself it causes the statement to behave as a query that returns the sequence of virtual machine instructions it would have used to execute the command had the EXPLAIN keyword not been present. (source lang_explain.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/vdbeaux01.test)

R-33368-33178-21159-57347-39405-35254-59100-49447

The first parameter, szPage, is the size in bytes of the pages that must be allocated by the cache. (source c3ref/pcache_methods2.html, checked-by: th3/th3pcache.c)

R-33393-31741-20908-00667-39287-64680-56276-36828

Terms of the ORDER BY clause that is part of a SELECT statement may be assigned a collating sequence using the COLLATE operator, in which case the specified collating function is used for sorting. (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_10.test)

R-33401-06099-44102-08352-15092-58623-33401-34005

SQLITE_OPEN_READONLY The database is opened in read-only mode. If the database does not already exist, an error is returned. (source c3ref/open.html)

R-33414-20006-38430-38330-20007-08440-33108-23538

The SQLITE_UTF16 and SQLITE_UTF16_ALIGNED values for eTextRep force strings to be UTF16 with native byte order. (source c3ref/create_collation.html, checked-by: th3/req1/createcoll01.test)

R-33488-11573-60565-11312-47099-14861-16674-34821

Since functions are prohibited in the WHERE clause of a CREATE INDEX statement, so too are the LIKE, GLOB, MATCH, and REGEXP operators. (source partialindex.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/index01.test)

R-33490-49513-63336-09770-17828-12612-45403-52100

The third column is the number of pages in the write-ahead log file that have been successfully moved back into the database file at the conclusion of the checkpoint. (source pragma.html)

R-33496-49460-40885-47410-47365-30809-19419-02033

Module names must be registered before creating a new virtual table using the module and before using a preexisting virtual table for the module. (source c3ref/create_module.html)

R-33509-39458-36310-35502-14516-21374-43920-49454

A question mark followed by a number NNN holds a spot for the NNN-th parameter. NNN must be between 1 and SQLITE_MAX_VARIABLE_NUMBER. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-33528-20612-64279-03791-45165-25207-10127-32608

If no database is specified as part of the object reference, then SQLite searches the main, temp and all attached databases for an object with a matching name. The temp database is searched first, followed by the main database, followed all attached databases in the order that they were attached. The reference resolves to the first match found. (source lang_naming.html, checked-by: tcl/e_resolve.test)

R-33553-19363-35042-00573-64070-53843-36958-05658

The subquery does not use OFFSET. (source optoverview.html)

R-33570-18895-27619-21793-53436-58897-32599-21994

The following table summarizes the interaction of the SQLITE_TEMP_STORE preprocessor macro and the temp_store pragma: SQLITE_TEMP_STORE PRAGMAtemp_store Storage used forTEMP tables and indices 0 any file 1 0 file 1 1 file 1 2 memory 2 0 memory 2 1 file 2 2 memory 3 any memory (source pragma.html)

R-33599-53132-08850-48831-58699-38998-10150-06398

The sqlite_stat4.nEq column holds a list of N integers where the K-th integer is the approximate number of entries in the index whose left-most K columns exactly match the K left-most columns of the sample. (source fileformat2.html)

R-33626-44500-44579-55445-20026-07899-19169-03498

There may be at most one unlock-notify callback registered by a blocked connection. If sqlite3_unlock_notify() is called when the blocked connection already has a registered unlock-notify callback, then the new callback replaces the old. (source c3ref/unlock_notify.html)

R-33626-48418-46855-58211-38849-29467-54588-01790

In SQLite, if any of the child key columns (in this case songartist and songalbum) are NULL, then there is no requirement for a corresponding row in the parent table. (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys11.test)

R-33626-61085-00249-11901-41489-60441-37285-33795

sqlite> EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT t1.*, t2.* FROM t2, t1 WHERE t1.a=1 AND t1.b>2; 0|0|1|SEARCH TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i2 (a=? AND b>?) 0|1|0|SCAN TABLE t2 (source eqp.html, checked-by: tcl/eqp.test)

R-33638-42108-26905-16665-62411-42905-33144-33922

PRAGMA legacy_file_format; PRAGMA legacy_file_format = boolean This pragma sets or queries the value of the legacy_file_format flag. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma22.test)

R-33670-36097-38044-00457-34720-22769-46022-27724

A question mark that is not followed by a number creates a parameter with a number one greater than the largest parameter number already assigned. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-33678-02467-14493-11650-27078-16290-59925-20724

The SQLITE_MUTEX_PTHREADS and SQLITE_MUTEX_W32 implementations are appropriate for use on Unix and Windows. (source c3ref/mutex_alloc.html)

R-33693-50180-37638-14993-01835-21324-19267-11438

The REGEXP operator is a special syntax for the regexp() user function. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-33707-40199-39350-00147-14640-22092-62266-02343

But special processing applies to the ON and USING clauses of an OUTER join: specifically, the constraints in an ON or USING clause do not apply if the right table of the join is on a null row, but the constraints do apply in the WHERE clause. (source optoverview.html)

R-33708-43819-48693-15112-15003-18731-38490-26979

The content allows the text being indexed to be stored in a separate table distinct from the FTS4 table, or even outside of SQLite. (source fts3.html)

R-33710-56344-23353-36559-53018-17291-08260-37097

In order to use foreign key constraints in SQLite, the library must be compiled with neither SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY or SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER defined. (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys05.test)

R-33750-29536-47450-45123-25964-11560-21995-55948

Otherwise, the SELECT returns the first N rows of its result set only, where N is the value that the LIMIT expression evaluates to. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-33788-46243-41692-58767-41171-41314-21464-32804

In this case, the first expression is used as the OFFSET expression and the second as the LIMIT expression. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-33841-62945-13926-63288-41300-28246-26461-11874

Thus, for example, the data 2001-03-31 modified by '+1 month' initially yields 2001-04-31, but April only has 30 days so the date is normalized to 2001-05-01. (source lang_datefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/date01.test)

R-33883-28833-60318-48575-53923-47015-06615-40154

Foreign key DDL errors are reported regardless of whether or not foreign key constraints are enabled when the table is created. (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys08.test)

R-33917-24086-34361-61973-51178-03721-35954-00662

However, if the "IF NOT EXISTS" clause is specified as part of the CREATE TABLE statement and a table or view of the same name already exists, the CREATE TABLE command simply has no effect (and no error message is returned). (source lang_createtable.html, checked-by: tcl/e_createtable.test)

R-33948-22286-15597-10485-25275-41982-01072-17156

The algorithm specified in the OR clause of an INSERT or UPDATE overrides any algorithm specified in a CREATE TABLE. (source lang_conflict.html, checked-by: th3/req1/conflict04.test)

R-33950-57093-23380-64554-61801-30987-12746-10574

All indices and triggers associated with the table are also deleted. (source lang_droptable.html, checked-by: slt/slt_lang_droptable.test, th3/req1/droptable01.test)

R-33977-57271-59293-02679-37541-34864-44396-22637

The left-most column is column 0 for these routines. (source c3ref/column_database_name.html)

R-33987-21303-29717-40761-22942-02669-49814-53507

The sub-query is not a compound select, or it is a UNION ALL compound clause made up entirely of non-aggregate queries, and the parent query: is not itself part of a compound select, is not an aggregate or DISTINCT query, and is not a join. (source optoverview.html)

R-34009-51042-01012-14502-52205-32655-22973-26621

If Y is negative then the first character of the substring is found by counting from the right rather than the left. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/func02.test)

R-34021-38482-31030-34652-01469-03047-61601-46080

The optimizer automatically inverts terms of the form "expr OP column" and makes other simplifications to the WHERE clause in an attempt to get as many WHERE clause terms into the form shown above as possible. (source c3ref/index_info.html)

R-34023-52929-12261-02515-22772-45177-48508-47679

The query string is optional. (source uri.html)

R-34027-00617-24854-21763-47858-39540-20896-63477

If the blob handle being closed was opened for read-write access, and if the database is in auto-commit mode and there are no other open read-write blob handles or active write statements, the current transaction is committed. (source c3ref/blob_close.html, checked-by: tcl/e_blobclose.test)

R-34033-38275-27809-01808-11320-42229-41327-29740

Note the last bullet in particular. (source c3ref/get_auxdata.html)

R-34075-04410-42312-11647-26206-31374-51327-10937

The sqlite3_result_value() interface sets the result of the application-defined function to be a copy the unprotected sqlite3_value object specified by the 2nd parameter. (source c3ref/result_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/result03.test)

R-34109-39108-27898-16254-24563-58797-32171-17937

If the CHECK expression evaluates to NULL, or any other non-zero value, it is not a constraint violation. (source lang_createtable.html, checked-by: tcl/e_createtable.test)

R-34146-30782-53907-40582-61923-47415-21722-12527

Column zColumn is part of an index, PRIMARY KEY or UNIQUE constraint and the blob is being opened for read/write access (source c3ref/blob_open.html, checked-by: tcl/e_blobopen.test, th3/cov1/vdbeblob01.test)

R-34157-58791-17713-05180-07871-57125-61990-17595

The second column of the result is the rank of the column within the table. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma15.test)

R-34234-52126-13891-36855-21265-08475-46071-60317

The default mode is for LIKE comparisons to be insensitive to differences of case for latin1 characters. (source optoverview.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/pragma02.test, th3/cov1/where03.test)

R-34264-15842-51908-27355-58812-13180-15279-38051

The legacy_file_format pragma can be used to cause SQLite to create new database files using format 1. (source fileformat2.html)

R-34271-33106-55360-31605-05941-37144-32278-15012

PRAGMA automatic_index; PRAGMA automatic_index = boolean; Query, set, or clear the automatic indexing capability. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma08.test)

R-34280-42283-63975-25394-58653-47378-35851-53437

The count(X) function returns a count of the number of times that X is not NULL in a group. (source lang_aggfunc.html, checked-by: slt/slt_lang_aggfunc.test, th3/req1/aggfunc01.test)

R-34293-31480-01160-31597-61187-16604-15204-31151

The sqlite3_extended_errcode() interface is the same except that it always returns the extended result code even when extended result codes are disabled. (source c3ref/errcode.html)

R-34326-56357-56903-53526-53046-15549-19745-22986

The sqlite3_result_error_code() function changes the error code returned by SQLite as a result of an error in a function. (source c3ref/result_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/result01.test)

R-34354-51417-57740-57504-01542-51579-51443-23369

If the callback pointer to sqlite3_exec() is NULL, then no callback is ever invoked and result rows are ignored. (source c3ref/exec.html, checked-by: th3/req1/exec01.test)

R-34391-24921-52036-19820-43252-56353-24608-07545

The sqlite3_release_memory() routine is a no-op returning zero if SQLite is not compiled with SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT. (source c3ref/release_memory.html, checked-by: src/malloc.c, th3/req1/releasemem01.test)

R-34400-33772-12568-07085-14602-53889-15876-12187

Any leading spaces in the TEXT value when converting from TEXT to INTEGER are ignored. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-34407-33329-56662-13063-42233-50984-46328-08443

The sqlite3_vsnprintf() routine is a varargs version of sqlite3_snprintf(). (source c3ref/mprintf.html, checked-by: th3/req1/malloc01.test)

R-34526-35712-49832-15543-35160-30600-56964-59649

By default, the error code is SQLITE_ERROR. (source c3ref/result_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/result01.test)

R-34561-00264-36299-40120-12079-02627-14730-26524

If an authorizer callback returns SQLITE_IGNORE for an SQLITE_DELETE action code, then the DELETE operation will proceed but the truncate optimization will be bypassed and rows will be deleted one by one. (source lang_delete.html)

R-34614-52552-60710-47749-45454-53290-65494-24106

The sqlite3_status() routine returns SQLITE_OK on success and a non-zero error code on failure. (source c3ref/status.html)

R-34616-57962-62200-63763-25892-01209-38424-05918

Cache sharing is enabled and disabled for an entire process. (source c3ref/enable_shared_cache.html)

R-34648-44875-03220-54825-01081-20056-64407-58283

Or, if the SELECT would return less than M+N rows if it did not have a LIMIT clause, then the first M rows are skipped and the remaining rows (if any) are returned. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-34706-05629-19212-06603-14274-22035-31068-37221

The open attempt fails if NAME is not the name of a VFS that is built into SQLite or that has been previously registered using sqlite3_vfs_register(). (source uri.html)

R-34720-58307-10931-58766-48844-01756-24190-06684

SQLite will also attempt to use indices to help satisfy GROUP BY clauses and the DISTINCT keyword. (source optoverview.html)

R-34730-53445-15838-11944-46041-12438-53750-14468

The case_sensitive_like pragma installs a new application-defined LIKE function that is either case sensitive or insensitive depending on the value of the case_sensitive_like pragma. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma10.test)

R-34745-08839-34242-42308-04034-17314-18313-24494

If the xDelUser variable is set to a non-NULL value, then after the query has finished running SQLite automatically invokes it with the value of the pUser variable as the only argument. (source rtree.html)

R-34751-04246-20772-53163-23654-34620-17677-07511

So, in the example above, if the query were rewritten as: SELECT z FROM ex2 WHERE +x=5 AND y=6; The + operator on the x column will prevent that term from constraining an index. This would force the use of the ex2i2 index. (source optoverview.html)

R-34751-18293-04541-58685-13120-57905-41689-08740

If a single column-name appears more than once in the list of assignment expressions, all but the rightmost occurrence is ignored. (source lang_update.html, checked-by: slt/slt_lang_update.test, tcl/e_update.test)

R-34773-62253-14389-56183-06695-27653-47306-47953

The only difference between the following two CASE expressions is that the x expression is evaluated exactly once in the first example but might be evaluated multiple times in the second: CASE x WHEN w1 THEN r1 WHEN w2 THEN r2 ELSE r3 END CASE WHEN x=w1 THEN r1 WHEN x=w2 THEN r2 ELSE r3 END (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-34782-18311-17741-53218-12879-22753-50681-05507

Unless SQLITE_MISUSE is returned, this function sets the database connection error code and message accessible via sqlite3_errcode() and sqlite3_errmsg() and related functions. (source c3ref/blob_write.html, checked-by: tcl/e_blobwrite.test)

R-34789-59934-28389-39071-40559-33528-38029-45906

The DESC keyword is ignored in indexes for formats 1, 2, and 3. (source fileformat2.html)

R-34814-22035-19752-61012-44426-48112-33201-20182

Values stored in sqlite3_value objects can be integers, floating point values, strings, BLOBs, or NULL. (source c3ref/value.html, checked-by: th3/req1/value01.test)

R-34816-32505-14191-41651-46944-10844-62255-46096

The xCreate and xConnect methods of a virtual table module call this interface to declare the format (the names and datatypes of the columns) of the virtual tables they implement. (source c3ref/declare_vtab.html, checked-by: th3/req1/vtab01.test)

R-34818-13664-64271-58157-25090-18668-59799-37546

The 'now' argument to date and time functions always returns exactly the same value for multiple invocations within the same sqlite3_step() call. (source lang_datefunc.html, checked-by: tcl/date.test, th3/cov1/date4.test)

R-34837-12462-62420-33748-07267-00170-63881-53119

The first argument to the callback is a copy of the third argument to sqlite3_update_hook(). (source c3ref/update_hook.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/main15.test)

R-34918-27009-22149-14301-56506-15307-06517-16770

The INDEXED BY and NOT INDEXED clauses are not supported for UPDATE and DELETE statements. (source lang_createtrigger.html)

R-34926-03360-27843-47752-48355-13649-05844-37285

SQLITE_CONFIG_WIN32_HEAPSIZE takes a 32-bit unsigned integer value that specifies the maximum size of the created heap. (source c3ref/c_config_covering_index_scan.html, checked-by: src/main.c)

R-34933-01612-63826-59975-42480-58884-65014-06327

The names returned are the original un-aliased names of the database, table, and column. (source c3ref/column_database_name.html)

R-34963-21048-59232-16607-21091-43824-49294-11066

If the sqlite_sequence.seq field of an AUTOINCREMENT table is already at the largest integer value (9223372036854775807) then attempts to add new rows to that table with an automatically generated integer primary will fail with an SQLITE_FULL error. (source fileformat2.html)

R-34979-54336-33279-53576-25867-30233-28350-04331

If the main database is ":memory:" or if the journal_mode is WAL, then transactions continue to be atomic within each individual database file. But if the host computer crashes in the middle of a COMMIT where two or more database files are updated, some of those files might get the changes where others might not. (source lang_attach.html, checked-by: th3/req1/attach02.test)

R-34993-45031-36632-60048-51944-50307-62063-53207

The maximum allowed mmap size will be silently truncated if necessary so that it does not exceed the compile-time maximum mmap size set by the SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE compile-time option. (source c3ref/c_config_covering_index_scan.html, checked-by: src/main.c)

R-34998-49915-07664-55575-37059-29902-40579-47714

If the result is a UTF-8 string, then sqlite3_column_bytes16() converts the string to UTF-16 and then returns the number of bytes. (source c3ref/column_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/column01.test)

R-35002-09502-01413-09334-58784-32407-44903-62982

If the threading mode is Single-thread or Multi-thread then this routine returns a NULL pointer. (source c3ref/db_mutex.html, checked-by: th3/req1/dbmutex01.test)

R-35003-32738-64790-42236-58307-21158-57428-12443

If X is numeric then length(X) returns the length of a string representation of X. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/func01.test)

R-35036-36587-25670-53930-46391-17517-28623-46452

For a WITHOUT ROWID table, N will be the number of columns in the primary key. (source fileformat2.html)

R-35040-63004-09413-17967-18828-35998-50185-50384

The "weekday" modifier advances the date forward to the next date where the weekday number is N. (source lang_datefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/date01.test)

R-35049-22776-26849-33887-63149-61153-21714-11740

The "unixepoch" modifier (11) only works if it immediately follows a timestring in the DDDDDDDDDD format. (source lang_datefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/date01.test)

R-35088-43392-22185-31834-16686-27011-41097-22750

Shared-cache locks are released when a database connection concludes its current transaction, either by committing it or rolling it back. (source c3ref/unlock_notify.html)

R-35092-12727-62894-63814-26795-55319-59085-22626

The pointers returned are valid until a type conversion occurs as described above, or until sqlite3_step() or sqlite3_reset() or sqlite3_finalize() is called. (source c3ref/column_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/column03.test)

R-35109-49139-58862-12127-06342-61829-38093-58472

The number of columns in each row returned by the SELECT statement (if any) and the specific values returned have no effect on the results of the EXISTS operator. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-35111-05628-59609-35925-11859-38596-24754-51119

If an error occurs while committing the transaction, an error code is returned and the transaction rolled back. (source c3ref/blob_close.html, checked-by: tcl/e_blobclose.test)

R-35113-43214-56626-24487-53216-55188-49391-33418

Unless the column is an INTEGER PRIMARY KEY or the table is a WITHOUT ROWID table or the column is declared NOT NULL, SQLite allows NULL values in a PRIMARY KEY column. (source lang_createtable.html, checked-by: tcl/e_createtable.test)

R-35129-58141-36157-07998-30656-14308-25733-01656

For example: -- Database schema CREATE TABLE parent(x PRIMARY KEY); CREATE TABLE child(y REFERENCES parent ON UPDATE SET NULL); sqlite> SELECT * FROM parent; x ---- key sqlite> SELECT * FROM child; y ---- key sqlite> -- Since the following UPDATE statement does not actually modify sqlite> -- the parent key value, the ON UPDATE action is not performed and sqlite> -- the child key value is not set to NULL. sqlite> UPDATE parent SET x = 'key'; sqlite> SELECT IFNULL(y, 'null') FROM child; y ---- key sqlite> -- This time, since the UPDATE statement does modify the parent key sqlite> -- value, the ON UPDATE action is performed and the child key is set sqlite> -- to NULL. sqlite> UPDATE parent SET x = 'key2'; sqlite> SELECT IFNULL(y, 'null') FROM child; y ---- null (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys20.test)

R-35196-57110-30977-27033-46331-62759-56891-62679

There is a single row in the sqlite_sequence table for each ordinary table that uses AUTOINCREMENT. (source fileformat2.html)

R-35207-17153-24168-38567-05624-25103-19340-37227

The sqlite3_wal_autocheckpoint() interface and the wal_autocheckpoint pragma can be used to cause this interface to be run whenever the WAL reaches a certain size threshold. (source c3ref/wal_checkpoint.html)

R-35210-63508-42678-48683-05229-58965-46588-04293

The sqlite3_libversion_number() function returns an integer equal to SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER. (source c3ref/libversion.html, checked-by: src/main.c, th3/th3main.c)

R-35224-32827-55933-44478-17553-06933-55583-57822

The table named in the table_info pragma can also be a view. (source pragma.html)

R-35229-17830-32159-37744-59002-46141-27438-26089

A string constant is formed by enclosing the string in single quotes ('). (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-35254-48865-63817-52724-57944-24327-24630-05485

A call to one of the above APIs creates a new SQL function named by the second parameter (zQueryFunc or zGeom). (source rtree.html)

R-35268-31914-29013-65007-60500-40286-59986-01540

The value returned by sqlite3_memory_highwater(1) is the high-water mark prior to the reset. (source c3ref/memory_highwater.html)

R-35272-30329-38196-23593-15037-30954-61861-19508

Columns in the result set include the column name, data type, whether or not the column can be NULL, and the default value for the column. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma15.test)

R-35290-16460-32571-10958-08768-45451-01146-58774

Foreign key constraints are immediate by default. (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys12.test)

R-35311-10820-21037-47746-53186-51250-62481-54055

When the locking_mode pragma specifies a particular database, for example: PRAGMA main.locking_mode=EXCLUSIVE; Then the locking mode applies only to the named database. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma04.test)

R-35325-25517-01545-24178-13996-21143-53189-45296

An uncorrelated subquery is evaluated only once and the result reused as necessary. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: th3/req1/select01.test)

R-35340-24525-47723-05351-53509-38292-37828-03543

The sqlite3_aggregate_context(C,N) routine returns a NULL pointer when first called if N is less than or equal to zero or if a memory allocate error occurs. (source c3ref/aggregate_context.html, checked-by: th3/req1/aggcntx01.test)

R-35362-38850-39624-46125-42742-24667-28362-39621

The BEFORE or AFTER keyword determines when the trigger actions will be executed relative to the insertion, modification or removal of the associated row. (source lang_createtrigger.html, checked-by: slt/slt_lang_createtrigger.test)

R-35371-58843-38332-21753-13618-41551-34238-06657

The ATTACH DATABASE statement adds another database file to the current database connection. (source lang_attach.html, checked-by: th3/req1/attach01.test)

R-35432-12723-65442-31241-11453-58408-64788-62219

But for the static mutex types, the same mutex is returned on every call that has the same type number. (source c3ref/mutex_alloc.html)

R-35443-03595-46720-21224-13105-18323-15585-18563

Ifnull() must have exactly 2 arguments. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/func01.test)

R-35460-03740-02108-04893-51916-60089-58945-40785

Registering a NULL function disables the callback. (source c3ref/commit_hook.html)

R-35503-60218-20246-16465-03448-36808-43658-06556

When SQLite compares two strings, it uses a collating sequence or collating function (two words for the same thing) to determine which string is greater or if the two strings are equal. (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_09.test)

R-35553-21226-59052-33659-22709-48132-34010-52118

The upper(X) function returns a copy of input string X in which all lower-case ASCII characters are converted to their upper-case equivalent. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/func04.test)

R-35592-43376-11648-07628-49784-57585-43144-43201

If pragma integrity_check finds no errors, a single row with the value 'ok' is returned. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/integrityck01.test)

R-35619-06911-51271-06003-13047-53020-58078-25872


(source lang_createtrigger.html)

R-35620-55265-30366-61678-07542-39367-03113-47688

In first form, if the main database has already been created, then this pragma returns the text encoding used by the main database, one of "UTF-8", "UTF-16le" (little-endian UTF-16 encoding) or "UTF-16be" (big-endian UTF-16 encoding). (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma16.test)

R-35647-22698-14151-02154-35973-15621-42359-11519

When a new database is created, SQLite assigned a default page size based on information received from the xSectorSize and xDeviceCharacteristics methods of the sqlite3_io_methods object of the newly created database file. (source pragma.html)

R-35698-25375-34264-35367-42002-17994-39861-33131

C-style comments begin with "/*" and extend up to and including the next "*/" character pair or until the end of input, whichever comes first. (source lang_comment.html, checked-by: th3/req1/comment01.test)

R-35711-48727-49492-05161-09107-16114-44571-60110

If N or iOffset is less than zero, SQLITE_ERROR is returned and no data is read. (source c3ref/blob_read.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/vdbeblob01.test)

R-35739-57436-25800-46947-32358-09819-57778-06393

The sqlite3_errmsg() or sqlite3_errmsg16() routines can be used to obtain an English language description of the error following a failure of any of the sqlite3_open() routines. (source c3ref/open.html)

R-35764-28041-14003-29144-25311-37428-61666-13825

The result of the expression is the value of the only column in the first row returned by the SELECT statement. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-35765-61623-59690-19582-04854-45693-22489-08520

Only a single progress handler may be defined at one time per database connection; setting a new progress handler cancels the old one. (source c3ref/progress_handler.html, checked-by: th3/req1/progress01.test)

R-35802-14059-47020-23527-06222-22948-08783-35470

Nor is the update hook invoked when rows are deleted using the truncate optimization. (source c3ref/update_hook.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/main15.test)

R-35812-46755-23531-40873-62145-48640-15024-41940

The default journal size limit is -1 (no limit). (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma26.test)

R-35840-33204-13129-04501-28754-46758-55672-28059

If URI filename interpretation is enabled, and the filename argument begins with "file:", then the filename is interpreted as a URI. (source c3ref/open.html, checked-by: tcl/e_uri.test)

R-35856-58769-58714-05667-00872-44195-43278-26599

However if an ON CONFLICT clause is specified as part of the statement causing the trigger to fire, then conflict handling policy of the outer statement is used instead. (source lang_createtrigger.html)

R-35865-29619-35015-08784-17694-42068-56782-50747

This interface is used to retrieve runtime status information about a single database connection. (source c3ref/db_status.html, checked-by: th3/req1/dbstatus01.test)

R-35880-12325-57817-26418-36971-18732-46777-12474

For the index above and WHERE clause like this: ... WHERE b IN (1,2,3) AND c NOT NULL AND d='hello' The index is not usable at all because the left-most column of the index (column "a") is not constrained. (source optoverview.html)

R-35921-30782-30597-38751-45197-16333-41298-65365

If SQLite has not been initialized using sqlite3_initialize() prior to invoking sqlite3_complete16() then sqlite3_initialize() is invoked automatically by sqlite3_complete16(). If that initialization fails, then the return value from sqlite3_complete16() will be non-zero regardless of whether or not the input SQL is complete. (source c3ref/complete.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/complete01.test)

R-36007-42565-41988-28835-07682-45738-21986-28193

The sqlite3_realloc64(X,N) interfaces works the same as sqlite3_realloc(X,N) except that N is a 64-bit unsigned integer instead of a 32-bit signed integer. (source c3ref/free.html, checked-by: th3/req1/malloc02.test)

R-36018-21755-34988-08386-62029-36954-65009-29361

The parent key definitions of foreign key constraints are not checked when a table is created. (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys21.test)

R-36043-10590-35190-29655-36320-51519-10161-16668

Changes made as part of foreign key actions are included in the count, but those made as part of REPLACE constraint resolution are not. (source c3ref/total_changes.html, checked-by: tcl/e_totalchanges.test)

R-36097-50928-12790-61017-20060-26535-57569-32056

SQLite implements this interface by calling the xSleep() method of the default sqlite3_vfs object. (source c3ref/sleep.html, checked-by: th3/req1/sleep01.test)

R-36103-43483-56354-57798-31615-25926-09784-32512

The sqlite_stat3.nLt holds the approximate number of entries in the index whose left-most column is less than the sample. (source fileformat2.html)

R-36106-21007-52258-21932-23201-34100-21259-49882

The behavior is undefined if the mutex is not currently entered by the calling thread or is not currently allocated. SQLite will never do either. (source c3ref/mutex_alloc.html, checked-by: th3/th3util.c)

R-36195-31555-35544-12860-62754-30693-28143-39954

The usual INSERT, UPDATE, and DELETE commands work on an R*Tree index just like on regular tables. (source rtree.html)

R-36231-30731-18114-11584-03409-00455-24711-59821

The COLLATE operator has a higher precedence (binds more tightly) than any binary operator and any unary prefix operator except "~". (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-36239-04077-08470-54931-40517-19628-02448-15955

The scalar expressions may refer to columns of the row being updated. (source lang_update.html, checked-by: slt/slt_lang_update.test, tcl/e_update.test)

R-36265-51196-56439-27074-26615-17035-18675-11586

All mathematical operators (+, -, *, /, %, <<, >>, &, and |) cast both operands to the NUMERIC storage class prior to being carried out. (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_06.test)

R-36327-17224-30714-13238-62239-10610-34314-51642

If a result expression is the special expression "*" then all columns in the input data are substituted for that one expression. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-36328-16367-14145-21377-30808-40796-28392-26990

In that case, the database connection remains in EXCLUSIVE mode as long as the journal mode is WAL; attempts to change the locking mode using "PRAGMA locking_mode=NORMAL;" are no-ops. (source wal.html, checked-by: tcl/e_wal.test, th3/req1/pragma05.test)

R-36338-64112-59318-08203-11484-65439-59164-45202

If one or more ON INSERT, ON DELETE or ON UPDATE triggers are defined on a view, then it is not an error to execute an INSERT, DELETE or UPDATE statement on the view, respectively. (source lang_createtrigger.html)

R-36340-52470-54578-03049-38337-36481-45812-37806

The sqlite_master.sql is NULL for the internal indexes that are automatically created by UNIQUE or PRIMARY KEY constraints. (source fileformat2.html)

R-36357-08369-42604-06511-16723-17506-10955-34539

If the WHERE clause expression evaluates to NULL or to false for some rows of the table, then those rows are omitted from the index. (source partialindex.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/index01.test)

R-36394-12461-27768-64371-31765-36302-25885-56308

SQLite will always use the table b-tree key rather than the NULL value when referencing the INTEGER PRIMARY KEY column. (source fileformat2.html)

R-36399-45840-38419-49366-05932-18953-07682-47549

SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_USED This parameter returns the number of pages used out of the pagecache memory allocator that was configured using SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE. The value returned is in pages, not in bytes. (source c3ref/c_status_malloc_count.html)

R-36476-47203-56638-47160-44339-35126-05623-44628

A string might look like a floating-point literal with a decimal point and/or exponent notation but as long as the value can be expressed as an integer, the NUMERIC affinity will convert it into an integer. (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_01.test)

R-36545-62345-61603-06376-33533-12580-59655-26356

The value returned by sqlite3_backup_finish is SQLITE_OK if no sqlite3_backup_step() errors occurred, regardless or whether or not sqlite3_backup_step() completed. (source c3ref/backup_finish.html)

R-36570-50350-22690-62620-40069-12741-59912-39682

Transactions can be started manually using the BEGIN command. (source lang_transaction.html)

R-36592-02772-49597-21134-35176-13314-34028-16274

The SQLITE_CONFIG_COVERING_INDEX_SCAN option takes a single integer argument which is interpreted as a boolean in order to enable or disable the use of covering indices for full table scans in the query optimizer. (source c3ref/c_config_covering_index_scan.html, checked-by: src/main.c)

R-36608-10930-24220-22579-46351-14737-62834-54918

The arguments can be just about any text as long as it has balanced parentheses. (source lang_createvtab.html)

R-36610-45292-54097-28024-65527-46641-42678-27744

The sqlite3_snprintf() routine is similar to "snprintf()" from the standard C library. The result is written into the buffer supplied as the second parameter whose size is given by the first parameter. Note that the order of the first two parameters is reversed from snprintf(). (source c3ref/mprintf.html, checked-by: th3/req1/malloc01.test)

R-36612-64789-14111-46629-37131-49911-14128-04823

But the next query can not use the partial index: SELECT * FROM tab2 WHERE b=456; -- cannot use partial index (source partialindex.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/index01.test)

R-36620-34941-18970-44416-30193-42757-18271-60128

The secure-delete setting for newly attached databases is the setting of the main database at the time the ATTACH command is evaluated. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/pragma20.test, th3/cov1/pragma21.test)

R-36651-49821-06866-46556-29729-37304-36967-33618

Note that the name length limit is in UTF-8 bytes, not characters nor UTF-16 bytes. (source c3ref/create_function.html, checked-by: th3/req1/createfunc01.test)

R-36697-25556-10113-60762-16879-48954-19862-42086

The third through sixth parameters to the callback are zero-terminated strings that contain additional details about the action to be authorized. (source c3ref/set_authorizer.html)

R-36754-20545-04159-27572-44208-64137-08044-49180

Strings with embedded NUL characters cannot be represented as string literals in SQL and hence the returned string literal is truncated prior to the first NUL. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/func02.test)

R-36771-43788-02791-24277-51964-58842-02729-58792

In other words, the database-name. prefix on the table name is not allowed within triggers. (source lang_delete.html, checked-by: tcl/e_delete.test)

R-36822-49898-51267-28801-22242-39926-43860-26511

In many pragmas, the argument is a boolean. The boolean can be one of: 1 yes true on0 no false off (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma01.test)

R-36834-48950-59089-31267-28729-41659-26952-44127

On the other hand, the virtual terms themselves never causes tests to be performed on input rows. (source optoverview.html)

R-36850-34127-02357-30625-11793-50017-46803-57751

The likely(X) function is short-hand for likelihood(X,0.9375). (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: src/resolve.c)

R-36859-05333-15357-38800-46653-01342-64657-49103

SQLite guarantees that the zFilename parameter to xOpen is either a NULL pointer or string obtained from xFullPathname() with an optional suffix added. (source c3ref/vfs.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/pager25.test, th3/th3testvfs.c)

R-36924-43758-45428-63164-00988-45045-48041-44762

By default, every row in SQLite has a special column, usually called the "rowid", that uniquely identifies that row within the table. (source withoutrowid.html, checked-by: tcl/rowid.test, tcl/without_rowid5.test, th3/cov1/withoutrowid01.test)

R-36947-39582-19332-41522-37066-30341-40007-20770

A WITHOUT ROWID table uses an index b-tree rather than a table b-tree for storage. (source fileformat2.html)

R-36996-21017-11130-54775-34081-21546-00217-47155

If the fifth argument has the value SQLITE_TRANSIENT, then SQLite makes its own private copy of the data immediately, before the sqlite3_bind_*() routine returns. (source c3ref/bind_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/bind01.test)

R-37014-01401-21089-17070-29691-04562-53032-12534

The ATTACH and DETACH statements also cause sqlite3_stmt_readonly() to return true since, while those statements change the configuration of a database connection, they do not make changes to the content of the database files on disk. (source c3ref/stmt_readonly.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/vdbeapi14.test)

R-37019-57602-33488-54627-46176-35899-62282-07201

Nor does REPLACE increment the change counter. (source lang_conflict.html, checked-by: th3/req1/conflict02.test)

R-37051-49391-21174-04435-43019-60258-26390-24659

The available modifiers are as follows. NNN days NNN hours NNN minutes NNN.NNNN seconds NNN months NNN years start of month start of year start of day weekday N unixepoch localtime utc (source lang_datefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/date01.test)

R-37099-37053-38363-03939-37447-24344-49731-34436

Similarly, if URI filenames are not recognized when the database connection is first opened, they will not be recognized by ATTACH. (source uri.html)

R-37111-22855-42072-00494-43554-65197-44250-55427

The declared type of each column is determined by the expression affinity of the corresponding expression in the result set of the SELECT statement, as follows: Expression Affinity Column Declared Type TEXT "TEXT" NUMERIC "NUM" INTEGER "INT" REAL "REAL" NONE "" (empty string) (source lang_createtable.html, checked-by: tcl/e_createtable.test)

R-37127-14782-63396-43128-39237-20363-34771-13214

A call to this routine stores N bytes of randomness into buffer P. (source c3ref/randomness.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/random01.test)

R-37265-56925-55777-11363-20675-46285-52171-25062

For conversions between TEXT and REAL storage classes, SQLite considers the conversion to be lossless and reversible if the first 15 significant decimal digits of the number are preserved. (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_01.test)

R-37271-65264-45647-61848-25356-06624-30160-41691

Compute the current unix timestamp. SELECT strftime('%s','now'); (source lang_datefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/date01.test)

R-37283-61388-33413-37250-53520-10226-00265-15596

All these names are aliases for one another and work equally well in any context. (source autoinc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/autoinc01.test)

R-37284-06965-27563-13787-56362-60751-57097-13652

If the DELETE statement has no ORDER BY clause, then all rows that would be deleted in the absence of the LIMIT clause are assembled in an arbitrary order before applying the LIMIT and OFFSET clauses to determine the subset that are actually deleted. (source lang_delete.html, checked-by: tcl/e_delete.test)

R-37286-42536-47612-10625-41273-62615-36449-24349

/* Add a table named 't1' to the temp, main and an attached database */ ATTACH 'file.db' AS aux; CREATE TABLE t1(x, y); CREATE TEMP TABLE t1(x, y); CREATE TABLE aux.t1(x, y); DROP TABLE t1; /* Drop table in temp database */ DROP TABLE t1; /* Drop table in main database */ DROP TABLE t1; /* Drop table in aux database */ (source lang_naming.html, checked-by: tcl/e_resolve.test)

R-37287-38238-38896-00540-17030-60706-04523-55035

The column may not have a default value of CURRENT_TIME, CURRENT_DATE, CURRENT_TIMESTAMP, or an expression in parentheses. (source lang_altertable.html, checked-by: th3/req1/altertable01.test)

R-37304-39405-25413-14317-50314-46541-26352-18136

If the base expression is NULL then the result of the CASE is always the result of evaluating the ELSE expression if it exists, or NULL if it does not. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-37306-64424-24476-44387-21141-11283-27580-01252

If an SQL table is created using the "WITHOUT ROWID" clause at the end of its CREATE TABLE statement, then that table is a WITHOUT ROWID table and uses a different on-disk representation. (source fileformat2.html)

R-37338-25090-02456-18897-36801-31063-06233-22705

The sqlite3_result_double() interface sets the result from an application-defined function to be a floating point value specified by its 2nd argument. (source c3ref/result_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/result01.test)

R-37342-04007-10606-64148-39195-51101-42464-04051

The index value returned is suitable for use as the second parameter to sqlite3_bind(). (source c3ref/bind_parameter_index.html, checked-by: th3/req1/bind03.test)

R-37412-09436-16826-17483-13770-41037-63628-17339

Either modification causes the SQL statement to behave as a query and to return information about how the SQL statement would have operated if the EXPLAIN keyword or phrase had been omitted. (source lang_explain.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/vdbeaux01.test)

R-37434-19929-01541-26191-03532-28681-18224-01267

Abs(X) returns NULL if X is NULL. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: src/func.c, th3/cov1/func01.test)

R-37497-42412-17450-21022-09662-57031-07761-02196

The size of the reserved region is determined by the one-byte unsigned integer found at an offset of 20 into the database file header. (source fileformat2.html)

R-37514-35566-00640-25084-57688-04377-16048-30214

A value of 1 means UTF-8. (source fileformat2.html)

R-37639-55938-19671-37883-10811-32762-31289-05215

This interfaces opens a handle to the BLOB located in row iRow, column zColumn, table zTable in database zDb; in other words, the same BLOB that would be selected by: SELECT zColumn FROM zDb.zTable WHERE rowid = iRow; (source c3ref/blob_open.html, checked-by: tcl/e_blobopen.test)

R-37688-43700-53103-62151-49236-10303-34051-45197

Use the sqlite3_blob_bytes() interface to determine the size of the opened blob. (source c3ref/blob_open.html)

R-37736-42616-04169-53390-00856-45033-53695-63004

If a COMMIT statement (or the RELEASE of a transaction SAVEPOINT) fails because the database is currently in a state that violates a deferred foreign key constraint and there are currently nested savepoints, the nested savepoints remain open. (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys15.test)

R-37773-10272-55463-21527-23891-50096-65319-03368

For a table or view, the tbl_name column is a copy of the name column. (source fileformat2.html)

R-37783-42715-27194-59163-53660-14941-49401-50024

Any %HH escape sequences in the query parameters are resolved prior to being appended to the xOpen filename. (source uri.html)

R-37795-21752-00915-21672-38602-04515-27824-24579

The SQLITE_CONFIG_LOG option takes two arguments: a pointer to a function with a call signature of void(*)(void*,int,const char*), and a pointer to void. (source c3ref/c_config_covering_index_scan.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/log01.test, th3/th3main.c)

R-37801-37633-06717-41084-61304-63724-52548-02844

The BLOB handle is closed unconditionally. Even if this routine returns an error code, the handle is still closed. (source c3ref/blob_close.html, checked-by: tcl/e_blobclose.test)

R-37808-62273-24906-47503-60125-44409-00514-33279

Note that triggers are automatically dropped when the associated table is dropped. (source lang_droptrigger.html, checked-by: slt/slt_lang_droptrigger.test, tcl/e_droptrigger.test)

R-37810-60222-47752-18821-24220-18386-52831-63855

Compute the number of seconds since a particular moment in 2004: SELECT strftime('%s','now') - strftime('%s','2004-01-01 02:34:56'); (source lang_datefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/date01.test)

R-37812-47407-44151-24694-62524-58711-37886-57014

Once an encoding has been set for a database, it cannot be changed. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma16.test)

R-37879-39987-64431-01486-31700-04419-20015-25987

sqlite> EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT a FROM t1 UNION SELECT c FROM t2; 1|0|0|SCAN TABLE t1 2|0|0|SCAN TABLE t2 0|0|0|COMPOUND SUBQUERIES 1 AND 2 USING TEMP B-TREE (UNION) (source eqp.html, checked-by: tcl/eqp.test)

R-37910-23168-39063-40634-50772-23998-34303-02455

The sqlite_version() function returns the version string for the SQLite library that is running. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/func04.test)

R-37916-47407-25841-44869-57866-03917-48046-05809

The MATCH operator is a special syntax for the match() application-defined function. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-37997-42187-51725-59091-37072-50205-56712-26602

The difference between the effect of a RESTRICT action and normal foreign key constraint enforcement is that the RESTRICT action processing happens as soon as the field is updated - not at the end of the current statement as it would with an immediate constraint, or at the end of the current transaction as it would with a deferred constraint. (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys16.test)

R-38001-03952-19465-11266-52684-12379-01508-27794

VACUUM only works on the main database. It is not possible to VACUUM an attached database file. (source lang_vacuum.html, checked-by: tcl/e_vacuum.test)

R-38023-18396-22713-13690-61527-29951-04231-55806

It is an error to use a "*" or "alias.*" expression in any context other than a result expression list. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-38049-49177-51808-41050-10295-13822-05309-22802

The anQueue field is an array of mxLevel+1 unsigned integers that tell the current number of elements in the priority queue at each level. (source rtree.html)

R-38061-31091-04513-48389-43218-44173-18039-63201

An implicit transaction (a transaction that is started automatically, not a transaction started by BEGIN) is committed automatically when the last active statement finishes. A statement finishes when its prepared statement is reset or finalized. An open sqlite3_blob used for incremental BLOB I/O counts as an unfinished statement. The sqlite3_blob finishes when it is closed. (source lang_transaction.html)

R-38062-30057-54968-60320-51568-47118-43997-50197

In partial indexes, only some subset of the rows in the table have corresponding index entries. (source partialindex.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/index01.test)

R-38083-64261-20639-49699-39897-18481-13344-23243

In other words, calls to xUnpin() on a cache with bPurgeable set to false will always have the "discard" flag set to true. (source c3ref/pcache_methods2.html)

R-38091-32352-01038-12567-23855-46288-57631-62410

The maximum parameter number is set at compile-time by the SQLITE_MAX_VARIABLE_NUMBER macro. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: src/main.c)

R-38128-34102-03228-01716-42650-19152-18652-04810

The sqlite3_wal_autocheckpoint(D,N) is a wrapper around sqlite3_wal_hook() that causes any database on database connection D to automatically checkpoint after committing a transaction if there are N or more frames in the write-ahead log file. (source c3ref/wal_autocheckpoint.html)

R-38176-56274-44779-06953-35503-33902-10868-27976

In a database with ptrmap pages, the first ptrmap page is page 2. (source fileformat2.html)

R-38200-45242-44126-59333-52626-62279-09263-45295

The sqlite3_load_extension() interface returns SQLITE_OK on success and SQLITE_ERROR if something goes wrong. (source c3ref/load_extension.html)

R-38219-53002-00313-45584-37253-57007-40981-19888

If no unused ROWID can be found after a reasonable number of attempts, the insert operation fails with an SQLITE_FULL error. (source autoinc.html, checked-by: src/vdbe.c, th3/cov1/vdbe23.test)

R-38229-40159-56776-58417-62683-03427-34499-02992

If the callback function to sqlite3_exec() returns non-zero, then sqlite3_exec() will return SQLITE_ABORT. (source rescode.html, checked-by: src/legacy.c, th3/cov1/legacy01.test)

R-38242-53217-63508-42050-45799-27349-00700-51305

"SEARCH" indicates that only a subset of the table rows are visited. (source eqp.html, checked-by: th3/req1/eqp01.test)

R-38255-01123-17984-58641-36613-29376-16056-55612

If the filename is ":memory:", then a private, temporary in-memory database is created for the connection. (source c3ref/open.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/sharedcache03.test)

R-38260-37719-07465-52549-18983-56456-60761-04524

The VFS is required to either truncate or zero the header of the wal-index when the last connection to it closes. (source fileformat2.html)

R-38293-42495-20916-29854-03664-36898-47028-10197

Prior savepoints, even savepoints with matching savepoint-names, are unchanged. (source lang_savepoint.html)

R-38308-24406-60432-36844-44723-02085-25022-07693

SQLite attempts to use an index to satisfy the ORDER BY clause of a query when possible. (source optoverview.html)

R-38336-05023-13605-39367-03302-30111-01531-40111

Hence explicitly specifying FOR EACH ROW is optional. (source lang_createtrigger.html)

R-38341-46511-60647-36550-00452-63449-13223-34323

The subquery does not use aggregates or the outer query does not use LIMIT. (source optoverview.html)

R-38341-53143-20377-01008-01065-23997-09704-35751

The subquery does not use LIMIT or the outer query is not DISTINCT. (source optoverview.html)

R-38392-49970-12862-30349-17432-31139-60846-54763

If the action code is SQLITE_READ and the callback returns SQLITE_IGNORE then the prepared statement statement is constructed to substitute a NULL value in place of the table column that would have been read if SQLITE_OK had been returned. (source c3ref/set_authorizer.html)

R-38422-04402-49671-03749-58225-12387-56102-01352

The column from the dataset on the left-hand side of the join-operator is considered to be on the left-hand side of the comparison operator (=) for the purposes of collation sequence and affinity precedence. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-38462-47168-00802-29232-37957-12454-50485-62719

The number of system calls for filesystem operations is reduced, possibly resulting in a small performance increase. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma05.test)

R-38465-03616-05704-04458-16230-08535-12299-37595

If there is an ON clause then the ON expression is evaluated for each row of the cartesian product as a boolean expression. Only rows for which the expression evaluates to true are included from the dataset. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test, tcl/e_select2.test)

R-38470-19236-05585-14334-15897-63539-60552-16628

As with all other SQLite APIs, those whose names end with "16" return UTF-16 encoded strings and the other functions return UTF-8. (source c3ref/column_database_name.html)

R-38485-20010-44949-34877-39366-11397-10597-42284

If a table contains a column of type INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, then that column becomes an alias for the ROWID. (source autoinc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/autoinc01.test)

R-38513-43475-55678-22086-42456-40584-55564-45510

A call to xRelease(X,M) invalidates all savepoints where N>=M. (source vtab.html)

R-38515-45264-03335-50980-08297-28344-12265-07348

An UPDATE statement is used to modify a subset of the values stored in zero or more rows of the database table identified by the qualified-table-name specified as part of the UPDATE statement. (source lang_update.html, checked-by: slt/slt_lang_update.test, tcl/e_update.test)

R-38536-04510-23157-49681-06132-47285-44686-09674

The quote(X) function returns the text of an SQL literal which is the value of its argument suitable for inclusion into an SQL statement. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/func02.test)

R-38545-41243-15928-60739-42424-40199-61520-19344

If SQLite determines that invoking the busy handler could result in a deadlock, it will go ahead and return SQLITE_BUSY to the application instead of invoking the busy handler. (source c3ref/busy_handler.html)

R-38550-00817-05231-63898-03915-54443-38975-24691


(source lang_altertable.html)

R-38577-07276-49824-55947-21917-12317-50155-56118

If the query string is present, then all query parameters are passed through into the xOpen method of the underlying VFS. (source uri.html)

R-38590-62769-37174-11350-15307-56847-39156-23447

The first parameter to the authorizer callback is a copy of the third parameter to the sqlite3_set_authorizer() interface. (source c3ref/set_authorizer.html)

R-38595-30726-57286-21229-43510-46199-10154-57516

If the value N is out of range or if the N-th parameter is nameless, then NULL is returned. (source c3ref/bind_parameter_name.html, checked-by: th3/req1/bind04.test)

R-38620-19499-44951-35069-39820-53253-57753-11041

In a CASE with a base expression, the base expression is evaluated just once and the result is compared against the evaluation of each WHEN expression from left to right. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-38631-09167-64430-21786-18965-57371-16775-28797

The "NOT INDEXED" clause specifies that no index shall be used when accessing the preceding table, including implied indices create by UNIQUE and PRIMARY KEY constraints. However, the INTEGER PRIMARY KEY can still be used to look up entries even when "NOT INDEXED" is specified. (source lang_indexedby.html)

R-38650-02327-39862-58764-51816-33051-52085-34596

The immutable query parameter is a boolean that signals to SQLite that the underlying database file is held on read-only media and cannot be modified, even by another process with elevated privileges. (source uri.html)

R-38720-18127-00182-16789-56682-25353-36594-39383

The default setting is determined by the SQLITE_ALLOW_COVERING_INDEX_SCAN compile-time option, or is "on" if that compile-time option is omitted. (source c3ref/c_config_covering_index_scan.html, checked-by: src/global.c)

R-38735-12540-01712-42619-26101-33703-41022-22731

As of SQLite version 3.1, an alternative to using the VACUUM command to reclaim space after data has been deleted is auto-vacuum mode, enabled using the auto_vacuum pragma. (source lang_vacuum.html, checked-by: tcl/e_vacuum.test)

R-38759-38789-04186-61984-59919-00444-32947-07826

Operators IS and IS NOT have the same precedence as =. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-38787-59790-48915-64090-33059-22783-12299-30230

If the SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA file control returns SQLITE_NOTFOUND, then normal PRAGMA processing continues. (source c3ref/c_fcntl_busyhandler.html)

R-38799-08373-51877-49685-25873-19436-11233-20221

URI filenames can be enabled or disabled using the SQLITE_USE_URI=1 or SQLITE_USE_URI=0 compile-time options. (source uri.html, checked-by: src/global.c)

R-38815-48046-28937-36081-10893-02265-15426-25349

A frame is considered valid if and only if the following conditions are true: The salt-1 and salt-2 values in the frame-header match salt values in the wal-header The checksum values in the final 8 bytes of the frame-header exactly match the checksum computed consecutively on the first 24 bytes of the WAL header and the first 8 bytes and the content of all frames up to and including the current frame. (source fileformat2.html)

R-38828-57497-43339-57489-42530-28213-54283-40875

When a SAVEPOINT is the outer-most savepoint and it is not within a BEGIN...COMMIT then the behavior is the same as BEGIN DEFERRED TRANSACTION. (source lang_savepoint.html)

R-38841-33525-61370-32823-20999-44685-25709-53990

Application code is allowed to modify the sqlite_sequence table, to add new rows, to delete rows, or to modify existing rows. (source fileformat2.html)

R-38914-26427-29082-17331-29986-21952-39833-10934

The total_changes() function returns the number of row changes caused by INSERT, UPDATE or DELETE statements since the current database connection was opened. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/func05.test)

R-38971-13593-63134-41706-45438-37598-45923-53388

Note that a declared type of "FLOATING POINT" would give INTEGER affinity, not REAL affinity, due to the "INT" at the end of "POINT". (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_02.test)

R-38973-52184-38987-24216-42448-05561-19819-59369

If the optional ESCAPE clause is present, then the like() function is invoked with three arguments. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/func02.test)

R-38980-08445-54197-34551-31600-64664-60502-04654

NOCASE does not implement a general purpose unicode caseless comparison. (source fileformat2.html)

R-38989-21359-13709-49366-18905-24783-41677-06526

The szExtra parameter will a number less than 250. (source c3ref/pcache_methods2.html)

R-39009-25596-33829-41361-38484-11658-48369-57903

The result of the CASE expression is the evaluation of the THEN expression that corresponds to the first WHEN expression that evaluates to true. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-39020-65330-19381-32057-25425-01859-32299-49676

The COLLATE clause of the column definition is used to define alternative collating functions for a column. (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_09.test)

R-39051-42271-46025-06225-43154-22193-07696-21282

The second form attempts to modify the maximum page count. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma12.test)

R-39073-45389-04336-35554-15796-29115-57398-44032

If M is -1 in the initial journal header, then the number of page records that follow is computed by computing how many page records will fit in the available space of the remainder of the journal file. (source fileformat2.html)

R-39082-45490-57705-20308-15536-26647-22917-12593

The query above will use the po_parent index to help find the answer, since the po_parent index contains entries for all rows of interest. (source partialindex.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/index01.test)

R-39086-42574-52066-34566-03603-26293-15630-13712

The third argument to xCreate(), bPurgeable, is true if the cache being created will be used to cache database pages of a file stored on disk, or false if it is used for an in-memory database. (source c3ref/pcache_methods2.html)

R-39088-19376-30403-42071-52241-63734-59003-40185

The sqlite3_value object returned by sqlite3_column_value() is unprotected. (source c3ref/value.html, checked-by: th3/req1/value01.test)

R-39089-10219-02970-26628-53332-63736-48500-08755

The s1 value spans all 32-bit integer terms of the sequence whereas s0 omits the final term. (source fileformat2.html)

R-39100-27317-10483-05917-57976-22690-13501-50723

The SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE_HDRSZ option takes a single parameter which is a pointer to an integer and writes into that integer the number of extra bytes per page required for each page in SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE. (source c3ref/c_config_covering_index_scan.html, checked-by: src/main.c, th3/cov1/main42.test)

R-39150-60222-54489-42043-19266-00482-07233-17932

On a cache where bPurgeable is false, SQLite will never invoke xUnpin() except to deliberately delete a page. (source c3ref/pcache_methods2.html, checked-by: th3/th3pcache.c)

R-39210-36906-47474-04238-18863-57364-16133-33806

"b=6" will match to "6=b" as long as "b=6" is on the index and "6=b" is in the query. (source partialindex.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/index01.test)

R-39221-43493-49031-48260-11050-48204-23096-55403

The sqlite3_mutex_leave() routine exits a mutex that was previously entered by the same thread. (source c3ref/mutex_alloc.html)

R-39231-33076-05727-00102-39639-63072-44132-27548

The string literal must not begin with a wildcard; if the right-hand side begins with a wildcard character then this optimization is attempted. (source optoverview.html)

R-39254-55835-64728-03186-59811-05640-07786-15038

Each entry in the index b-tree corresponds to a single row in the associated SQL table. (source fileformat2.html)

R-39265-04070-30004-05781-22531-14920-64985-48690

If no matching expression can be found in the result columns of any constituent SELECT, it is an error. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-39267-61563-33014-32733-63659-35111-46114-30200

PRAGMA page_count; Return the total number of pages in the database file. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma12.test)

R-39279-48828-00404-43812-37996-18739-13104-15317

The order of values in the record is the same as the order of columns in the SQL table definition. (source fileformat2.html)

R-39332-27982-27049-48904-10655-02053-00990-04758

The subquery does not use LIMIT or the outer query does not use aggregates. (source optoverview.html)

R-39350-14264-06804-50075-43758-39518-52551-62265

These routines open an SQLite database file as specified by the filename argument. (source c3ref/open.html)

R-39368-64333-53302-20010-22332-46980-48834-46750

In a compound SELECT, all the constituent SELECTs must return the same number of result columns. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-39412-46882-37101-45160-49245-06434-49198-35151

An application-defined function is permitted to call other SQLite interfaces. (source c3ref/create_function.html, checked-by: th3/req1/createfunc06.test)

R-39414-35489-25303-10592-22636-36530-45454-18784

The infix GLOB operator is implemented by calling the function glob(Y,X) and can be modified by overriding that function. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-39448-56079-43024-42660-00434-04264-13777-54050

The filename argument sqlite3_open16() is converted from UTF16 native byte order into UTF8 prior to processing. (source uri.html)

R-39464-12723-18801-15682-15503-09131-15880-06935

The return value from sqlite3_column_blob() for a zero-length BLOB is a NULL pointer. (source c3ref/column_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/column01.test)

R-39464-36566-10218-24417-22703-07867-12954-27805

The first time the database is written, an exclusive lock is obtained and held. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma04.test)

R-39544-28997-13653-57291-53593-51283-21786-51117

In other words, the first column is 0 if the equivalent call to sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2() would have returned SQLITE_OK or 1 if the equivalent call would have returned SQLITE_BUSY. (source pragma.html)

R-39556-50570-30565-00761-35102-37425-01790-22325

The progress handler is also disabled by setting N to a value less than 1. (source c3ref/progress_handler.html, checked-by: th3/req1/progress01.test)

R-39564-36305-13838-22783-16141-24782-64457-11535

The sqlite_compileoption_used() SQL function is a wrapper around the sqlite3_compileoption_used() C/C++ function. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: src/func.c, th3/cov1/ctime02.test)

R-39578-54133-12312-25444-39025-43860-65200-11026

The SQLITE_FCNTL_OVERWRITE opcode is invoked by SQLite after opening a write transaction to indicate that, unless it is rolled back for some reason, the entire database file will be overwritten by the current transaction. (source c3ref/c_fcntl_busyhandler.html)

R-39608-49000-51968-24842-19070-08094-34539-25072

This pragma sets or queries the database connection locking-mode. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma04.test)

R-39614-35715-21681-03013-09842-54185-10366-26621

When the WHERE is omitted from a DELETE statement and the table being deleted has no triggers, SQLite uses an optimization to erase the entire table content without having to visit each row of the table individually. (source lang_delete.html)

R-39616-20555-02533-15918-45822-50476-08959-13235

Both GLOB and LIKE may be preceded by the NOT keyword to invert the sense of the test. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-39618-23133-00956-24239-08311-25501-36268-36512

If the page_size pragma is used to specify a new page size just prior to running the VACUUM command and if the database is not in WAL journal mode then VACUUM will change the page size to the new value. (source pragma.html)

R-39625-59133-51160-16821-08966-29861-61919-63168

A USING or ON clause may not be added to a join that specifies the NATURAL keyword. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-39686-09170-04857-28511-29699-61322-31549-05185

Six static mutexes are used by the current version of SQLite. (source c3ref/mutex_alloc.html)

R-39692-12488-54491-44352-04912-13609-39585-46004

Deferred foreign key constraints are not checked until the transaction tries to COMMIT. (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys12.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys14.test)

R-39719-17021-25795-58953-42832-28593-26146-38577

The sqlite3_commit_hook(D,C,P) and sqlite3_rollback_hook(D,C,P) functions return the P argument from the previous call of the same function on the same database connection D, or NULL for the first call for each function on D. (source c3ref/commit_hook.html)

R-39746-16618-18331-39876-26719-11435-38479-45574

It is not possible to change the text encoding of a database after it has been created and any attempt to do so will be silently ignored. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma16.test)

R-39822-07822-55219-05739-15484-26699-12744-24448

In this case the new table is created in the named database. (source lang_createtable.html, checked-by: tcl/e_createtable.test)

R-39822-14939-20605-05288-51207-58465-58259-08970

If the transaction has already been rolled back automatically by the error response, then the ROLLBACK command will fail with an error, but no harm is caused by this. (source lang_transaction.html)

R-39870-34892-08694-29662-47883-33736-01106-61201


(source lang_createview.html)

R-39910-14723-21123-44064-38823-12161-58690-10248

A comma (",") is used as the separator if Y is omitted. (source lang_aggfunc.html, checked-by: slt/slt_lang_aggfunc.test, th3/req1/aggfunc01.test)

R-39989-03309-00129-26238-32451-38157-30217-13605


(source lang_reindex.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/build24.test)

R-39992-63473-63522-38384-26605-22520-32296-40971

So to insert some data into our sample R*Tree index, we can do something like this: INSERT INTO demo_index VALUES( 1, -- Primary key -- SQLite.org headquarters -80.7749, -80.7747, -- Longitude range 35.3776, 35.3778 -- Latitude range ); INSERT INTO demo_index VALUES( 2, -- NC 12th Congressional District in 2010 -81.0, -79.6, 35.0, 36.2 ); (source rtree.html)

R-40026-10531-12029-61961-20483-43769-01249-19476

If SQLite is compiled with the SQLITE_ENABLE_UPDATE_DELETE_LIMIT compile-time option, then the syntax of the DELETE statement is extended by the addition of optional ORDER BY and LIMIT clauses: (source lang_delete.html, checked-by: tcl/e_delete.test)

R-40045-04159-18257-36948-62852-01097-02415-08499

SQLite ensures that *pzErrMsg is NULL before calling the xEntryPoint(). (source c3ref/auto_extension.html, checked-by: th3/req1/autoext01.test)

R-40079-54503-52433-22063-65278-03713-13772-01502

The BETWEEN operator is logically equivalent to a pair of comparisons. "x BETWEEN y AND z" is equivalent to "x>=y AND x<=z" except that with BETWEEN, the x expression is only evaluated once. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-40086-60101-35729-43768-42445-10732-59805-35730

If the FORMAT argument is missing or NULL then the result is NULL. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: tcl/printf2.test, th3/cov1/printf08.test)

R-40123-37571-51972-63569-14797-25863-34192-34067

PRAGMA writable_schema = boolean; When this pragma is on, the SQLITE_MASTER tables in which database can be changed using ordinary UPDATE, INSERT, and DELETE statements. (source pragma.html)

R-40134-30296-44811-22193-40834-03348-00642-51152

Table zTable is a WITHOUT ROWID table (source c3ref/blob_open.html, checked-by: tcl/e_blobopen.test, tcl/without_rowid5.test, th3/cov1/vdbeblob01.test)

R-40137-26050-25715-27051-43009-42599-25608-04347

If the mode option is set to "rw", then the database is opened for read-write (but not create) access, as if SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE (but not SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE) had been set. (source c3ref/open.html, checked-by: tcl/e_uri.test)

R-40197-14811-29578-36290-28063-57666-21739-57478

The dropped table is completely removed from the database schema and the disk file. (source lang_droptable.html, checked-by: th3/req1/droptable01.test)

R-40212-32858-03884-52961-15925-53384-61113-63305

Therefore, auto-vacuuming must be turned on before any tables are created. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma07.test)

R-40228-05483-58480-12139-54798-33124-01021-28688

When this flag is on, new SQLite databases are created in a file format that is readable and writable by all versions of SQLite going back to 3.0.0. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma22.test)

R-40233-33496-43567-58551-03815-59938-27256-59385

The nolock query parameter is a boolean that disables all calls to the xLock, xUnlock, and xCheckReservedLock methods of the VFS when true. (source uri.html)

R-40235-17052-28075-57665-18059-48204-40601-49682

The update hook is not invoked for rows that are deleted by the REPLACE conflict resolution strategy. (source lang_conflict.html, checked-by: th3/req1/conflict02.test)

R-40244-56906-37355-29196-11093-05053-42353-15016

If the 5th parameter to sqlite3_exec() is not NULL and no errors occur, then sqlite3_exec() sets the pointer in its 5th parameter to NULL before returning. (source c3ref/exec.html, checked-by: th3/req1/exec01.test)

R-40248-50202-39876-24554-56269-52121-36535-08663

The sqlite3_cancel_auto_extension(X) routine returns 1 if initialization routine X was successfully unregistered and it returns 0 if X was not on the list of initialization routines. (source c3ref/cancel_auto_extension.html)

R-40260-16838-48833-50335-31686-26847-17814-00082

The number of coordinates is 2 for a 1-dimensional R*Tree, 4 for a 2-dimensional R*Tree, 6 for a 3-dimensional R*Tree, and so forth. (source rtree.html)

R-40266-43440-47498-36146-03230-38014-28903-04203

Whenever the database schema changes, the statement must be reprepared. (source fileformat2.html)

R-40275-54363-02570-13891-25879-32462-51713-20144

If no COLLATE clause is specified, the default collation sequence is BINARY. (source lang_createtable.html, checked-by: tcl/e_createtable.test)

R-40297-14464-07991-25596-41588-39255-21146-34618

The INDEXED BY phrase forces the SQLite query planner to use a particular named index on a DELETE, SELECT, or UPDATE statement. (source lang_indexedby.html)

R-40298-31327-08313-07924-25737-24102-08430-39905

The LIKE optimization might occur if the column named on the left of the operator is indexed using the built-in BINARY collating sequence and case_sensitive_like is turned on. Or the optimization might occur if the column is indexed using the built-in NOCASE collating sequence and the case_sensitive_like mode is off. These are the only two combinations under which LIKE operators will be optimized. (source optoverview.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/where03.test)

R-40318-26723-38949-62709-27455-61275-20452-62962

BLOB values (even serial types 12 and larger) sort last and in the order determined by memcmp(). (source fileformat2.html)

R-40355-56314-02785-21892-27630-10277-00128-03405

When the callback is invoked, the first argument passed is a copy of the second argument to sqlite3_collation_needed() or sqlite3_collation_needed16(). The second argument is the database connection. The third argument is one of SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_UTF16BE, or SQLITE_UTF16LE, indicating the most desirable form of the collation sequence function required. The fourth parameter is the name of the required collation sequence. (source c3ref/collation_needed.html)

R-40361-64162-53893-43519-22401-31532-23705-29102

Autocommit mode is on by default. (source c3ref/get_autocommit.html)

R-40373-33294-50231-39382-53294-24447-44855-24711

SQLite makes a copy of the sqlite3_pcache_methods2 object. (source c3ref/c_config_covering_index_scan.html, checked-by: th3/th3pcache.c)

R-40383-06816-10485-50532-53566-05766-27128-48276

The sqlite3_compileoption_used() function returns 0 or 1 indicating whether the specified option was defined at compile time. (source c3ref/compileoption_get.html)

R-40390-09039-54106-21086-56168-24022-18205-41129

These functions add, remove, or modify a collation associated with the database connection specified as the first argument. (source c3ref/create_collation.html, checked-by: th3/req1/createcoll01.test)

R-40416-50415-37533-65510-36358-17565-47393-05373

SQLite will also add one of the following flags to the xOpen() call, depending on the object being opened: SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_JOURNAL SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_DB SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_JOURNAL SQLITE_OPEN_TRANSIENT_DB SQLITE_OPEN_SUBJOURNAL SQLITE_OPEN_MASTER_JOURNAL SQLITE_OPEN_WAL (source c3ref/vfs.html, checked-by: th3/th3testvfs.c)

R-40463-24712-34752-07038-54630-26227-29776-31431

SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_MISS This parameter returns the number of pager cache misses that have occurred. (source c3ref/c_dbstatus_options.html)

R-40472-60438-03331-36186-60982-36973-59940-12981

Columns that do not appear in the list of assignments are left unmodified. (source lang_update.html, checked-by: slt/slt_lang_update.test, tcl/e_update.test)

R-40482-20265-47732-31040-18704-35090-36000-12311

The third column is the name of the table that is referred to. (source pragma.html, checked-by: tcl/fkey5.test, th3/cov1/fkey23.test)

R-40502-12262-42819-60807-51435-51687-55446-47633

If SQLITE_IOERR_XXX, SQLITE_NOMEM, or SQLITE_READONLY is returned, then there is no point in retrying the call to sqlite3_backup_step(). These errors are considered fatal. (source c3ref/backup_finish.html)

R-40541-16535-13486-20808-32771-40014-56894-53399

This pragma returns the names of compile-time options used when building SQLite, one option per row. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma13.test)

R-40541-54897-33607-37262-17474-57290-09312-25628

For the purposes of this API, a transaction is said to have been rolled back if an explicit "ROLLBACK" statement is executed, or an error or constraint causes an implicit rollback to occur. (source c3ref/commit_hook.html)

R-40564-64233-62609-55740-51668-02472-22352-36166

No affinities are applied to any values as the result of a GROUP by clause. (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_07.test)

R-40597-22164-08785-17254-28069-60974-16591-44156

The result of avg() is NULL if and only if there are no non-NULL inputs. (source lang_aggfunc.html, checked-by: slt/slt_lang_aggfunc.test, th3/req1/aggfunc01.test)

R-40598-36595-56877-54174-64761-50948-11892-46483

For each affected row, the named columns are set to the values found by evaluating the corresponding scalar expressions. (source lang_update.html, checked-by: slt/slt_lang_update.test, tcl/e_update.test)

R-40630-02268-40288-03121-46855-38283-56768-00095

If used within a SELECT that uses the "query by rowid" or "linear scan" strategies, then the snippet and offsets both return an empty string, and the matchinfo function returns a blob value zero bytes in size. (source fts3.html, checked-by: tcl/fts3snippet.test)

R-40676-08516-16968-48123-39083-47673-52246-45004

Inserts into WITHOUT ROWID tables are not recorded. (source c3ref/last_insert_rowid.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/withoutrowid01.test)

R-40729-56447-32753-40044-54162-25797-56212-55799

Duplicate rows are removed from the results of INTERSECT and EXCEPT operators before the result set is returned. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-40745-32628-44360-54833-19873-28133-21062-02308

However xMutexAlloc() may use SQLite memory allocation for a fast or recursive mutex. (source c3ref/mutex_methods.html)

R-40798-35269-51954-12592-52405-01125-52034-02657

Warning: misuse of this pragma can easily result in a corrupt database file. (source pragma.html)

R-40812-03570-58737-26450-04451-50021-12578-43661

If no negative ROWID values are inserted explicitly, then automatically generated ROWID values will always be greater than zero. (source autoinc.html, checked-by: src/vdbe.c, th3/cov1/vdbe23.test)

R-40822-33276-58156-53336-07099-39057-58220-02470

One might, for example, want to query all objects that overlap with the 35th parallel: SELECT id FROM demo_index WHERE maxY>=35.0 AND minY (source rtree.html)

R-40827-27357-46487-27198-26867-15174-62736-47681

If foreign key constraints are enabled when a table is renamed, then any REFERENCES clauses in any table (either the table being renamed or some other table) that refer to the table being renamed are modified to refer to the renamed table by its new name. (source lang_altertable.html, checked-by: th3/req1/altertable01.test)

R-40858-03003-08666-12472-31051-52566-61637-28947

The fourth parameter to sqlite3_open_v2() is the name of the sqlite3_vfs object that defines the operating system interface that the new database connection should use. (source c3ref/open.html)

R-40874-07817-64808-61349-14164-22324-19538-25900

In those routines that have a fourth argument, its value is the number of bytes in the parameter. To be clear: the value is the number of bytes in the value, not the number of characters. (source c3ref/bind_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/bind01.test)

R-40912-17796-52858-33167-65116-31464-10604-52940

Only an effective call of sqlite3_initialize() does any initialization. All other calls are harmless no-ops. (source c3ref/initialize.html)

R-40921-47946-20610-64910-18137-09746-01061-06361

Another limitation of the histogram data is that it only applies to the left-most column on an index. (source optoverview.html)

R-40949-19585-05483-44375-20599-28045-28956-60873

The fifth byte through the last usable byte are used to hold overflow content. (source fileformat2.html)

R-41004-58299-09133-05321-11963-32065-55865-10893

The parameter P is passed through as the only parameter to the callback function X. (source c3ref/progress_handler.html, checked-by: th3/req1/progress01.test)

R-41025-56247-28274-26451-36451-44569-58431-11817

Otherwise, the affinity is NUMERIC. (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_01.test)

R-41040-47502-07753-07518-58818-60449-29305-32446

Autocheckpointing is enabled by default with an interval of 1000 or SQLITE_DEFAULT_WAL_AUTOCHECKPOINT. (source pragma.html)

R-41050-23052-29095-23436-46083-00331-23025-31647

The first (query) form will return the synchronous setting as an integer. (source pragma.html)

R-41062-34431-24503-40012-23472-27163-07838-01416

Parent and child keys must have the same cardinality. (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys11.test)

R-41079-39394-57289-43371-49841-51250-27852-04569


(source lang_altertable.html)

R-41103-34171-63381-59793-03319-04831-02307-39561

If an error occurs while evaluating the SQL statements passed into sqlite3_exec(), then execution of the current statement stops and subsequent statements are skipped. (source c3ref/exec.html, checked-by: th3/req1/exec01.test)

R-41108-63135-59113-45543-59580-27259-39094-46915

The subquery does not use LIMIT or the outer query does not have a WHERE clause. (source optoverview.html)

R-41122-46973-40742-21767-11414-32017-24227-01412

The subquery is not a recursive CTE. (source optoverview.html)

R-41132-04368-54784-12197-53730-05205-63815-61247

Comments do not nest. (source lang_comment.html, checked-by: th3/req1/comment01.test)

R-41134-27890-19387-23998-27179-40954-57167-14106

When you change the cache size using the cache_size pragma, the change only endures for the current session. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma09.test)

R-41155-30776-45495-01405-38282-55666-24776-00512

Any command that changes the database (basically, any SQL command other than SELECT) will automatically start a transaction if one is not already in effect. (source lang_transaction.html)

R-41161-50390-16822-36301-43678-58977-40657-30512

If this parameter is -1, then the SQL function or aggregate may take any number of arguments between 0 and the limit set by sqlite3_limit(SQLITE_LIMIT_FUNCTION_ARG). (source c3ref/create_function.html, checked-by: th3/req1/createfunc02.test)

R-41163-31141-41973-37775-18210-20451-39077-27354

The default transaction behavior is deferred. (source lang_transaction.html)

R-41183-50724-01751-26515-20432-60241-55721-62765

The returned string is valid until the prepared statement is destroyed using sqlite3_finalize() or until the statement is automatically reprepared by the first call to sqlite3_step() for a particular run or until the same information is requested again in a different encoding. (source c3ref/column_database_name.html)

R-41190-61687-46022-39115-32410-29963-50753-29517

The 4th form changes the journaling mode for a specific database connection named. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma23.test)

R-41220-51800-40113-04594-39111-44246-00162-60024

This option sets the threading mode to Serialized. (source c3ref/c_config_covering_index_scan.html)

R-41246-06467-15697-52258-02048-61500-49466-56999

The multi-argument max() function searches its arguments from left to right for an argument that defines a collating function and uses that collating function for all string comparisons. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/func03.test)

R-41361-32452-08540-06268-11369-38463-57924-37597

The "pk" column in the result set is zero for columns that are not part of the primary key, and is the index of the column in the primary key for columns that are part of the primary key. (source pragma.html)

R-41381-35999-48332-52888-17487-39096-22671-62741

If the third parameter to sqlite3_result_error() or sqlite3_result_error16() is non-negative then SQLite takes that many bytes (not characters) from the 2nd parameter as the error message. (source c3ref/result_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/result01.test)

R-41411-18837-33884-40601-61407-45364-54319-00196

If the keywords PRIMARY KEY are added to a column definition, then the primary key for the table consists of that single column. (source lang_createtable.html, checked-by: tcl/e_createtable.test)

R-41417-64456-42642-02544-40631-11378-24048-47614

The WAL journaling mode uses a write-ahead log instead of a rollback journal to implement transactions. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma24.test)

R-41435-15049-20553-57196-01541-07225-45251-60631

When temp_store is DEFAULT (0), the compile-time C preprocessor macro SQLITE_TEMP_STORE is used to determine where temporary tables and indices are stored. (source pragma.html)

R-41438-41245-47933-47570-18885-03208-62677-50789

This can result in a table that contains data that is in violation of the CHECK constraint. (source lang_altertable.html, checked-by: th3/req1/altertable01.test)

R-41444-49665-13532-29136-56203-03908-49213-31629

Other integer type names like "INT" or "BIGINT" or "SHORT INTEGER" or "UNSIGNED INTEGER" causes the primary key column to behave as an ordinary table column with integer affinity and a unique index, not as an alias for the rowid. (source lang_createtable.html, checked-by: tcl/e_createtable.test)

R-41470-32236-05158-07794-46704-63040-13347-49238

The aConstraint[] array only reports WHERE clause terms that are relevant to the particular virtual table being queried. (source c3ref/index_info.html)

R-41499-47058-04189-19670-59283-14956-02456-13763

The leftmost column is number 0. (source c3ref/column_name.html)

R-41519-43313-49943-13325-32316-49786-47625-55988

If N is out of range, sqlite3_compileoption_get() returns a NULL pointer. (source c3ref/compileoption_get.html)

R-41531-51083-45051-37425-19674-01432-09098-10672

Every new database connection defaults to having the auto-checkpoint enabled with a threshold of 1000 or SQLITE_DEFAULT_WAL_AUTOCHECKPOINT pages. (source c3ref/wal_autocheckpoint.html)

R-41554-07046-26036-24381-44399-09525-65119-51842

The sqlite3_db_filename(D,N) interface returns a pointer to a filename associated with database N of connection D. (source c3ref/db_filename.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/attach04.test)

R-41640-10889-37891-53855-47925-09375-30702-30304

The filename returned by this function is the output of the xFullPathname method of the VFS. (source c3ref/db_filename.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/attach04.test)

R-41650-20872-58221-16141-48271-22021-38019-62849

No regexp() user function is defined by default and so use of the REGEXP operator will normally result in an error message. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-41671-45444-43968-05404-57044-18687-11501-21021

The format string supports the most common substitutions found in the strftime() function from the standard C library plus two new substitutions, %f and %J. (source lang_datefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/date01.test)

R-41709-11359-63668-44709-26300-11660-01495-57429

Subverting this mechanism by using "PRAGMA schema_version" to modify the schema-version is potentially dangerous and may lead to program crashes or database corruption. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma28.test)

R-41719-33203-52232-61281-45744-11728-08852-57887

The sqlite_stat4.nLt column holds a list of N integers where the K-th integer is the approximate number of entries in the index whose K left-most columns are collectively less than the K left-most columns of the sample. (source fileformat2.html)

R-41719-58677-16610-62099-11420-34570-29798-59249

Any SQL statement variables that had values bound to them using the sqlite3_bind_*() API retain their values. (source c3ref/reset.html, checked-by: th3/req1/clearbind01.test)

R-41778-26203-39333-15071-00697-32758-59991-57440

SQLITE_LIMIT_ATTACHED The maximum number of attached databases. (source c3ref/c_limit_attached.html, checked-by: th3/req1/limit02.test)

R-41784-13339-39195-36557-35011-50589-62735-17221

Tip: If the command "PRAGMA foreign_keys" returns no data instead of a single row containing "0" or "1", then the version of SQLite you are using does not support foreign keys (either because it is older than 3.6.19 or because it was compiled with SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY or SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER defined). (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys05.test)

R-41795-40039-43827-16838-58364-41518-15809-62342

These three ways of committing a transaction correspond to the DELETE, TRUNCATE, and PERSIST settings, respectively, of the journal_mode pragma. (source fileformat2.html)

R-41796-02552-46731-27208-23017-23175-41935-19333

The columns referenced in the WHERE clause of a partial index can be any of the columns in the table, not just columns that happen to be indexed. (source partialindex.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/index01.test)

R-41837-07814-38752-23130-22847-42887-22849-22070

If the interrupted SQL operation is an INSERT, UPDATE, or DELETE that is inside an explicit transaction, then the entire transaction will be rolled back automatically. (source c3ref/interrupt.html)

R-41875-65533-42120-33327-24405-44694-34971-25939

The first column is usually 0 but will be 1 if a RESTART or FULL checkpoint was blocked from completing, for example because another thread or process was actively using the database. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma29.test)

R-41898-06686-16828-22027-00966-49217-22358-47285

If the SELECT yields more than one result row, all rows after the first are ignored. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-41898-15939-51576-48964-07633-48670-39877-19524

The sqlite3_value_text16be() and sqlite3_value_text16le() interfaces extract UTF-16 strings as big-endian and little-endian respectively. (source c3ref/value_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/value02.test, th3/req1/value03.test)

R-41914-07968-11618-38374-65120-62637-18868-18201

Pragma integrity_check will return at most N errors before the analysis quits, with N defaulting to 100. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/integrityck01.test)

R-41915-30283-17084-09200-05336-25843-01576-43126

Serial Type Codes Of The Record Format Serial TypeContent SizeMeaning 00 NULL 11 8-bit twos-complement integer 22 Big-endian 16-bit twos-complement integer 33 Big-endian 24-bit twos-complement integer 44 Big-endian 32-bit twos-complement integer 56 Big-endian 48-bit twos-complement integer 68 Big-endian 64-bit twos-complement integer 78 Big-endian IEEE 754-2008 64-bit floating point number 80 Integer constant 0. Only available for schema format 4 and higher. 90 Integer constant 1. Only available for schema format 4 and higher. 10,11   Not used. Reserved for expansion. N≥12 and even (N-12)/2 A BLOB that is (N-12)/2 bytes in length N≥13 and odd (N-13)/2 A string in the database encoding and (N-13)/2 bytes in length. The nul terminator is omitted. (source fileformat2.html)

R-41921-05214-15323-21890-34251-22434-34985-19293

The likelihood(X,Y) function returns argument X unchanged. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: tcl/func3.test)

R-41959-38737-02891-22407-44809-18467-12520-20988

Otherwise, if this function is passed a valid open blob handle, the values returned by the sqlite3_errcode() and sqlite3_errmsg() functions are set before returning. (source c3ref/blob_close.html, checked-by: tcl/e_blobclose.test)

R-41964-12887-53267-54582-29615-62168-19001-17157

Create a partial index by adding a WHERE clause to the end of an ordinary CREATE INDEX statement. (source partialindex.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/index01.test)

R-41964-27421-43904-29752-22581-18990-36203-55062


(source lang_attach.html, checked-by: th3/req1/attach01.test)

R-41966-43200-49529-11929-45151-33494-57348-62129

Use "main" for the main database (the database that was opened by the original sqlite3_open(), sqlite3_open16(), or sqlite3_open_v2() interface call) and use "temp" for database that holds TEMP tables. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma23.test)

R-41969-26805-23474-17997-34431-40001-19681-04714

If the application crashes in the middle of a transaction when the OFF journaling mode is set, then the database file will very likely go corrupt. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma25.test)

R-41970-42722-40683-07259-21331-17616-49232-32709

This pragma queries or sets the write-ahead log auto-checkpoint interval. (source pragma.html)

R-42037-15614-06254-40391-55101-11302-16506-13295

The DROP INDEX statement removes an index added with the CREATE INDEX statement. (source lang_dropindex.html, checked-by: slt/slt_lang_dropindex.test)

R-42037-37826-09680-08362-57128-46753-57920-34709

The default match() function implementation raises an exception and is not really useful for anything. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-42049-24001-08911-07479-20981-30990-05153-14571

A subsequent call to xRollbackTo(X,R) means that the state of the virtual table should return to what it was when xSavepoint(X,R) was last called. (source vtab.html)

R-42059-47211-64082-08084-07412-31027-38938-26624

If the argument N is positive then the suggested cache size is set to N. (source pragma.html)

R-42089-41020-28633-04847-35892-58431-48484-20358

If no transaction is active (other than the implied transaction that is created on every command) then the ROLLBACK resolution algorithm works the same as the ABORT algorithm. (source lang_conflict.html, checked-by: th3/req1/conflict01.test)

R-42106-50385-56441-15914-62934-29085-54052-00189

Hexadecimal integer literals are interpreted as 64-bit two's-complement integers and are thus limited to sixteen significant digits of precision. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: th3/req1/expr01.test)

R-42117-40023-28532-25670-04588-08261-64907-07819

Otherwise, the UPDATE affects only those rows for which the result of evaluating the WHERE clause expression as a boolean expression is true. (source lang_update.html, checked-by: slt/slt_lang_update.test, tcl/e_update.test)

R-42136-40354-42275-03158-50011-22774-46135-65161

The sqlite3_update_hook(D,C,P) function returns the P argument from the previous call on the same database connection D, or NULL for the first call on D. (source c3ref/update_hook.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/main15.test)

R-42168-23975-08359-11434-07624-62565-20004-56753

Built-in functions may be overloaded by new application-defined functions. (source c3ref/create_function.html, checked-by: th3/req1/createfunc01.test, th3/req1/createfunc05.test)

R-42196-45693-64496-49282-35220-26786-47093-56372

The collating function callback is invoked with a copy of the pArg application data pointer and with two strings in the encoding specified by the eTextRep argument. (source c3ref/create_collation.html, checked-by: th3/req1/createcoll01.test)

R-42207-04347-65478-63733-46803-43649-38770-36227

In other words, if the pattern is like this: column LIKE x% column GLOB x* then the original LIKE or GLOB tests are disabled when the virtual terms constrain an index because in that case we know that all of the rows selected by the index will pass the LIKE or GLOB test. (source optoverview.html)

R-42230-55455-60985-30203-46481-10517-36932-32831

The SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE option specifies a static memory buffer that SQLite can use for the database page cache with the default page cache implementation. (source c3ref/c_config_covering_index_scan.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/main42.test)

R-42243-62806-04242-02019-64725-25394-01618-23361

The call to xRollbackTo(X,R) will invalidate all savepoints with N>R; none of the invalided savepoints will be rolled back or released without first being reinitialized by a call to xSavepoint(). (source vtab.html)

R-42264-30503-59734-27182-09604-54439-24686-19729

The SQLITE_MAX_TRIGGER_DEPTH and SQLITE_LIMIT_TRIGGER_DEPTH settings determine the maximum allowable depth of trigger program recursion. For the purposes of these limits, foreign key actions are considered trigger programs. (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys24.test)

R-42315-53658-63706-40087-63101-17320-03632-52756

This routine sets a busy handler that sleeps for a specified amount of time when a table is locked. (source c3ref/busy_timeout.html)

R-42316-09582-63519-16650-16131-27933-31807-16513

If there is no explicit DEFAULT clause attached to a column definition, then the default value of the column is NULL. (source lang_createtable.html, checked-by: tcl/e_createtable.test)

R-42333-10376-25894-44230-56156-46004-61943-25934

The incremental_vacuum pragma has no effect if the database is not in auto_vacuum=incremental mode or if there are no pages on the freelist. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma21.test)

R-42353-38420-62893-47772-45609-25296-37398-15241

If the busy callback returns 0, then no additional attempts are made to access the database and SQLITE_BUSY is returned to the application. (source c3ref/busy_handler.html)

R-42363-29104-39854-61131-26966-39533-29446-04460

SQLITE_LIMIT_VARIABLE_NUMBER The maximum index number of any parameter in an SQL statement. (source c3ref/c_limit_attached.html, checked-by: th3/req1/limit02.test)

R-42393-33810-20509-47326-15941-02937-41283-04621

If Z is not initially a string, it is cast to a UTF-8 string prior to processing. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/func03.test)

R-42401-19613-44791-55246-19167-45900-28933-57755

If offset iOffset is less than N bytes from the end of the BLOB, SQLITE_ERROR is returned and no data is read. (source c3ref/blob_read.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/vdbeblob01.test)

R-42402-58065-33107-31674-12712-01620-50339-46912

The second integer in the array is the number of leaf page pointers to follow. (source fileformat2.html)

R-42412-59321-17229-61863-37154-26359-45547-07737

Tip: If the application requires a stricter relationship between artist and track, where NULL values are not permitted in the trackartist column, simply add the appropriate "NOT NULL" constraint to the schema. (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys02.test)

R-42415-59396-18993-18875-54415-33588-07688-24488

Or the pragma might run during sqlite3_step() just like normal SQL statements. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma06.test)

R-42420-56072-06217-40848-64970-52103-43558-36371

The highwater mark associated with SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_HIT is always 0. (source c3ref/c_dbstatus_options.html, checked-by: src/status.c)

R-42475-05522-33974-48486-41062-27037-25414-59266

SQLITE_DBSTATUS_STMT_USED This parameter returns the approximate number of bytes of heap and lookaside memory used by all prepared statements associated with the database connection. (source c3ref/c_dbstatus_options.html, checked-by: th3/req1/dbstatus01.test)

R-42511-39459-28264-29563-43720-13525-46264-32619

PRIMARY KEY, UNIQUE and NOT NULL constraints may be explicitly assigned a default conflict resolution algorithm by including a conflict-clause in their definitions. (source lang_createtable.html, checked-by: tcl/e_createtable.test)

R-42511-45809-64803-32183-55869-46108-05938-14656

If the Y argument is omitted, trim(X) removes spaces from both ends of X. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/func03.test)

R-42531-52874-22459-56160-55887-19020-25957-01415

If the join-operator is a "LEFT JOIN" or "LEFT OUTER JOIN", then after the ON or USING filtering clauses have been applied, an extra row is added to the output for each row in the original left-hand input dataset that corresponds to no rows at all in the composite dataset (if any). (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-42556-20460-59163-07637-16181-08925-43211-33857

There can only be a single busy handler for a particular database connection at any given moment. If another busy handler was defined (using sqlite3_busy_handler()) prior to calling this routine, that other busy handler is cleared. (source c3ref/busy_timeout.html)

R-42584-44456-56130-43487-49627-44255-00000-11489

To always truncate rollback journals and WAL files to their minimum size, set the journal_size_limit to zero. (source pragma.html)

R-42620-22184-27875-60566-02937-27650-15183-08626

If this means the parameter would be assigned a number greater than SQLITE_MAX_VARIABLE_NUMBER, it is an error. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-42639-56137-32346-60663-52828-48959-18769-50856

Each entry in most SQLite tables (except for WITHOUT ROWID tables) has a unique 64-bit signed integer key called the "rowid". (source c3ref/last_insert_rowid.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/withoutrowid01.test)

R-42640-12758-34834-48042-16634-19699-19506-39894

For example, if the internal representation is FLOAT and a text result is requested, sqlite3_snprintf() is used internally to perform the conversion automatically. (source c3ref/column_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/column02.test)

R-42648-01192-24711-57227-24478-04310-65154-26465

Notice that the type VARCHAR contains the string "CHAR" and is thus assigned TEXT affinity. (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_01.test)

R-42657-00400-11552-47738-28049-57819-30867-53665

If the integer at offset 52 is non-zero then it is the page number of the largest root page in the database file, the database file will contain ptrmap pages, and the mode must be either auto_vacuum or incremental_vacuum. (source fileformat2.html)

R-42660-47528-56905-42571-24684-45816-05890-54288

A statement is judged to be complete if it ends with a semicolon token and is not a prefix of a well-formed CREATE TRIGGER statement. (source c3ref/complete.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/complete01.test)

R-42670-46183-00438-39556-01982-63614-08671-47686

If the result is a numeric value then sqlite3_column_bytes16() uses sqlite3_snprintf() to convert that value to a UTF-16 string and returns the number of bytes in that string. (source c3ref/column_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/column01.test)

R-42680-10017-09402-35540-35488-37864-08326-19321

The first host parameter has an index of 1, not 0. (source c3ref/bind_parameter_name.html, checked-by: th3/req1/bind04.test)

R-42757-24221-43746-48434-02480-64556-26113-38051

The second parameter szExtra is a number of bytes of extra storage associated with each page cache entry. (source c3ref/pcache_methods2.html)

R-42790-23372-13524-47335-35146-00064-12684-28505

The sqlite3_db_config() interface will return a non-zero error code if a discontinued or unsupported configuration option is invoked. (source c3ref/c_dbconfig_enable_fkey.html, checked-by: src/main.c, th3/req1/dbconfig01.test)

R-42798-04097-62077-21747-11472-32542-49000-45202

The leftmost SQL parameter has an index of 1. (source c3ref/bind_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/bind01.test)

R-42811-40895-19437-55912-12563-37813-52753-07207

The real tables underlying the view are not modified (except possibly explicitly, by a trigger program). (source lang_createtrigger.html)

R-42842-27162-40716-30864-56022-22193-11385-61399

Note that the sqlite3_wal_autocheckpoint() interface and the wal_autocheckpoint pragma both invoke sqlite3_wal_hook() and will those overwrite any prior sqlite3_wal_hook() settings. (source c3ref/wal_hook.html)

R-42868-39706-29794-00885-30480-27776-00308-11610

In other words, the filename will be an absolute pathname, even if the filename used to open the database originally was a URI or relative pathname. (source c3ref/db_filename.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/attach04.test)

R-42881-44982-56235-44486-35660-20338-31764-62780

The name of the table to be modified in an UPDATE, DELETE, or INSERT statement must be an unqualified table name. In other words, one must use just "tablename" not "database.tablename" when specifying the table. (source lang_createtrigger.html)

R-42916-59066-42587-23717-28094-23307-46108-29536

If the ninth parameter to sqlite3_create_function_v2() is not NULL, then it is destructor for the application data pointer. The destructor is invoked when the function is deleted, either by being overloaded or when the database connection closes. (source c3ref/create_function.html, checked-by: th3/req1/createfunc07.test)

R-42938-07030-34028-51732-04227-55156-04511-38808

If this means the parameter number is greater than SQLITE_MAX_VARIABLE_NUMBER, it is an error. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-42967-20008-48371-05872-58857-15017-07503-35360


(source lang_analyze.html, checked-by: th3/req1/analyze01.test)

R-42967-40755-03922-54202-06529-32553-15493-34553

Each term of aOrderBy records a column of the ORDER BY clause. (source c3ref/index_info.html)

R-42990-60904-19508-54128-30417-12976-04052-35475

The void pointer that is the second argument to SQLITE_CONFIG_LOG is passed through as the first parameter to the application-defined logger function whenever that function is invoked. (source c3ref/c_config_covering_index_scan.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/log01.test)

R-43019-11534-62865-63313-40845-46462-32420-30274

Any new SQL statements that are started after the sqlite3_interrupt() call and before the running statements reaches zero are interrupted as if they had been running prior to the sqlite3_interrupt() call. (source c3ref/interrupt.html)

R-43036-46756-34715-46322-50618-48036-10639-21553

If "ro" is specified, then the database is opened for read-only access, just as if the SQLITE_OPEN_READONLY flag had been set in the third argument to sqlite3_open_v2(). (source c3ref/open.html, checked-by: tcl/e_uri.test)

R-43042-22504-56439-09446-23422-01554-61314-54021

No error messages are generated if an unknown pragma is issued. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma03.test)

R-43042-25245-03668-43553-25952-57766-42536-13209

If the mode option is set to "memory" then a pure in-memory database that never reads or writes from disk is used. (source c3ref/open.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/sharedcache03.test)

R-43054-54832-47023-01210-19130-31903-59197-27649

The "SET DEFAULT" actions are similar to "SET NULL", except that each of the child key columns is set to contain the columns default value instead of NULL. (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys16.test)

R-43060-16536-10698-60756-41285-15374-61767-21299

The profile callback time is in units of nanoseconds, however the current implementation is only capable of millisecond resolution so the six least significant digits in the time are meaningless. (source c3ref/profile.html)

R-43064-28843-60545-11344-25729-47633-22876-03755

For each table read by the query, the output of EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN includes a record for which the value in the "detail" column begins with either "SCAN" or "SEARCH". (source eqp.html, checked-by: th3/req1/eqp01.test)

R-43076-48302-39117-06885-40232-30421-32965-23901

The sqlite3_extended_result_codes() routine enables or disables the extended result codes feature of SQLite. (source c3ref/extended_result_codes.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/main06.test)

R-43164-44276-05448-08571-37890-01247-49300-00926

If there is no prefix that can be interpreted as an integer number, the result of the conversion is 0. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-43172-64399-63789-05300-15599-35833-47014-02400

The 4-byte big-endian integer at offset 68 is an "Application ID" that can be set by the PRAGMA application_id command in order to identify the database as belonging to or associated with a particular application. (source fileformat2.html)

R-43217-29904-47266-41497-40047-57138-51637-14307

This routine returns the N-th compile-time option used to build SQLite or NULL if N is out of range. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/ctime02.test)

R-43230-40115-50366-23982-20450-64068-63336-08552

Any process or thread can select READ UNCOMMITTED isolation, but SERIALIZABLE will still be used except between connections that share a common page and schema cache. (source pragma.html)

R-43237-50879-06987-12679-64583-33041-22126-56366

If the database schema changes, instead of returning SQLITE_SCHEMA as it always used to do, sqlite3_step() will automatically recompile the SQL statement and try to run it again. (source c3ref/prepare.html, checked-by: th3/req1/prepare02.test)

R-43245-58225-39690-58540-36876-45930-46908-59730

PRAGMA table_info(table-name); This pragma returns one row for each column in the named table. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma15.test)

R-43263-13491-37815-28347-01820-41692-00359-07852

The total number of bytes in all fragments is stored in the fifth field of the b-tree page header. (source fileformat2.html)

R-43273-35828-43292-36541-60340-59124-40866-23243

Because the source database is not locked between calls to sqlite3_backup_step(), the source database may be modified mid-way through the backup process. (source c3ref/backup_finish.html)

R-43310-35438-04399-12485-38547-48138-39815-28430

The ORDER BY and LIMIT clauses on UPDATE and DELETE statements are not supported. ORDER BY and LIMIT are not normally supported for UPDATE or DELETE in any context but can be enabled for top-level statements using the SQLITE_ENABLE_UPDATE_DELETE_LIMIT compile-time option. However, that compile-time option only applies to top-level UPDATE and DELETE statements, not UPDATE and DELETE statements within triggers. (source lang_createtrigger.html)

R-43328-56724-38269-63059-47788-20047-48832-13506

If a column has the type INTEGER PRIMARY KEY AUTOINCREMENT then a slightly different ROWID selection algorithm is used. (source autoinc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/autoinc01.test)

R-43340-55464-08586-38170-34053-21521-23708-51540

The database header also stores the page number of the first freelist trunk page as a 4-byte big-endian integer at an offset of 32 from the beginning of the file. (source fileformat2.html)

R-43382-54865-31574-52044-42032-61533-34154-44077

Each SQL index, whether explicitly declared via a CREATE INDEX statement or implied by a UNIQUE or PRIMARY KEY constraint, corresponds to an index b-tree in the database file. (source fileformat2.html)

R-43399-09409-02985-19756-28234-54022-20282-22241

This means that if the changes() SQL function (or similar) is used by the first INSERT, UPDATE or DELETE statement within a trigger, it returns the value as set when the calling statement began executing. (source c3ref/changes.html, checked-by: tcl/e_changes.test)

R-43412-05248-04352-15247-64896-14746-56138-24199

SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_USED This parameter returns the number of lookaside memory slots currently checked out. (source c3ref/c_dbstatus_options.html, checked-by: th3/req1/dbstatus01.test)

R-43415-05262-05879-65095-11903-46844-51636-40644

The filename argument is interpreted as UTF-8 for sqlite3_open() and sqlite3_open_v2() and as UTF-16 in the native byte order for sqlite3_open16(). (source c3ref/open.html, checked-by: th3/req1/autoext01.test)

R-43448-12354-12620-62746-36446-48855-45456-57112

When there are attached databases and no database is specified in the pragma, all databases have their secure-delete setting altered. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/pragma20.test, th3/cov1/pragma21.test)

R-43455-30330-13340-63618-42639-11266-34972-33026

The main and temp databases cannot be attached or detached. (source lang_attach.html, checked-by: th3/req1/attach01.test)

R-43464-09689-21831-49515-17205-20394-62676-59001

The likely(X) function is a no-op that the code generator optimizes away so that it consumes no CPU cycles at run-time (that is, during calls to sqlite3_step()). (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: tcl/func3.test)

R-43475-58499-15568-06638-27533-08364-56193-27126

SQLite avoids reading or writing freelist leaf pages in order to reduce disk I/O. (source fileformat2.html)

R-43482-09713-62461-41415-00231-20987-55224-61145

In this mode the VACUUM command can be used to rebuild the entire database file and thus reclaim unused disk space. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma07.test)

R-43492-30972-07405-10322-20447-24571-17673-28262

Similarly, index columns will not normally be used (for indexing purposes) if they are to the right of a column that is constrained only by inequalities. (source optoverview.html)

R-43520-58856-06723-52893-53353-04776-19721-26256

The MEMORY journaling mode stores the rollback journal in volatile RAM. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma25.test)

R-43521-55927-08457-46227-28920-39349-41728-53227

If the right-hand side is a parameter that is bound to a string, then this optimization is only attempted if the prepared statement containing the expression was compiled with sqlite3_prepare_v2() or sqlite3_prepare16_v2(). (source optoverview.html)

R-43536-61251-49653-37352-19988-51054-05906-53496

The NNN value must be between 1 and the sqlite3_limit() parameter SQLITE_LIMIT_VARIABLE_NUMBER (default value: 999). (source c3ref/bind_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/bind01.test)

R-43589-15127-43886-39082-32655-09009-64323-07852

The sqlite3_mutex_free() routine deallocates a previously allocated dynamic mutex. (source c3ref/mutex_alloc.html)

R-43609-64396-32492-00883-25685-46145-60531-30223

The application wants to prevent other processes from accessing the database file. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma04.test)

R-43620-20913-52855-36210-21307-33610-27291-15644

Only an effective call to sqlite3_shutdown() does any deinitialization. All other valid calls to sqlite3_shutdown() are harmless no-ops. (source c3ref/initialize.html)

R-43642-56306-35814-07631-25075-47179-35702-00473

By default, URI handling is globally disabled. The default value may be changed by compiling with the SQLITE_USE_URI symbol defined. (source c3ref/c_config_covering_index_scan.html, checked-by: src/global.c)

R-43693-30522-63226-58235-18305-62021-52549-18888

If the expression is the alias of a table or subquery in the FROM clause followed by ".*" then all columns from the named table or subquery are substituted for the single expression. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-43696-56835-52509-34515-30380-28351-43291-45019

If a term of the form "6=b" appears in the index, it will never match anything. (source partialindex.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/index01.test)

R-43700-31930-54080-27091-31266-57199-30903-39458

The sqlite_sequence table is created and initialized automatically whenever a normal table that contains an AUTOINCREMENT column is created. (source autoinc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/autoinc01.test)

R-43713-34954-61284-51343-43182-28146-52130-40042

The xMutexEnd method defined by this structure is invoked as part of system shutdown by the sqlite3_shutdown() function. (source c3ref/mutex_methods.html)

R-43737-39999-60785-41458-46023-21259-00950-21702

Every valid SQLite database file begins with the following 16 bytes (in hex): 53 51 4c 69 74 65 20 66 6f 72 6d 61 74 20 33 00. (source fileformat2.html)

R-43753-41505-35386-09439-04210-20192-61863-65048

For an index, the tbl_name is the name of the table that is indexed. (source fileformat2.html)

R-43797-56749-02967-54481-29642-02482-32480-02233

In NORMAL locking-mode (the default unless overridden at compile-time using SQLITE_DEFAULT_LOCKING_MODE), a database connection unlocks the database file at the conclusion of each read or write transaction. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma04.test)

R-43811-17362-09075-12803-16235-46010-60763-53812

The "const char *" variable pointed to by the T parameter will be set to a zero-terminated UTF-8 string containing the name of the index or table used for the X-th loop. (source c3ref/c_scanstat_est.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/status02.test)

R-43820-61705-52813-55767-43715-42880-00775-50924

The purpose of the unlikely(X) function is to provide a hint to the query planner that the argument X is a boolean value that is usually not true. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/where42.test)

R-43823-35025-00176-30164-46726-64409-48434-13396

The schema cookie is a 4-byte big-endian integer at offset 40 that is incremented whenever the database schema changes. (source fileformat2.html)

R-43833-46001-07535-07747-23355-16276-19014-45982

If idx is out of range - less than zero or greater than or equal to the total number of loops used to implement the statement - a non-zero value is returned and the variable that pOut points to is unchanged. (source c3ref/stmt_scanstatus.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/status02.test)

R-43879-08025-52526-08970-15750-21422-30684-37873

Attaching a "REFERENCES " clause to a column definition creates a foreign key constraint that maps the column to the primary key of . (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys09.test)

R-43884-62039-21095-04781-32853-10749-54904-38600

The pragma is like integrity_check except that it does not verify UNIQUE and NOT NULL constraints and does not verify that index content matches table content. (source pragma.html)

R-43895-16198-12902-10668-43383-15391-26544-03216

When coercing a string value in the format of a hexadecimal integer into an integer value, the conversion process stops when the 'x' character is seen so the resulting integer value is always zero. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: th3/req1/expr01.test)

R-43931-64995-43515-53673-12278-45382-32660-63545

The outer query is not part of a compound select or the subquery does not have a LIMIT clause. (source optoverview.html)

R-43983-06173-50150-02001-24649-50592-10019-00585

Attempts to insert something other than an integer into the first column, or something other than a numeric value into the other columns, will result in an error. (source rtree.html)

R-43996-29471-48886-45304-51416-12121-07825-19150

SQLITE_LIMIT_COLUMN The maximum number of columns in a table definition or in the result set of a SELECT or the maximum number of columns in an index or in an ORDER BY or GROUP BY clause. (source c3ref/c_limit_attached.html, checked-by: th3/req1/limit02.test)

R-44013-13102-10441-32146-65192-28233-37032-42173

The mode parameter may be set to either "ro", "rw", "rwc", or "memory". Attempting to set it to any other value is an error (source c3ref/open.html, checked-by: tcl/e_uri.test)

R-44028-31666-03936-19748-14191-58058-00871-01668

The P parameter can be a NULL pointer. (source c3ref/randomness.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/random01.test)

R-44050-47362-62664-60634-46008-39199-23714-03291

If the SELECT statement is a non-aggregate query, then each expression in the result expression list is evaluated for each row in the dataset filtered by the WHERE clause. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-44053-43152-33396-01925-47677-61108-43399-25475

The 3rd form changes the journaling mode on all databases attached to the connection. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma23.test)

R-44053-64068-31529-32657-44606-24557-47766-35713

The subquery has a FROM clause. (source optoverview.html)

R-44062-08550-47406-04162-18234-03785-06690-48010

If a DELETE statement has a LIMIT clause, the maximum number of rows that will be deleted is found by evaluating the accompanying expression and casting it to an integer value. (source lang_delete.html, checked-by: tcl/e_delete.test)

R-44114-07168-48628-58571-39460-30302-43731-62236

The first parameter is the database connection to which the SQL function is to be added. (source c3ref/create_function.html, checked-by: th3/req1/createfunc01.test)

R-44130-32593-50612-23115-00910-25537-42820-39348

If an ORDER BY expression is not an integer alias, then SQLite searches the left-most SELECT in the compound for a result column that matches either the second or third rules above. If a match is found, the search stops and the expression is handled as an alias for the result column that it has been matched against. Otherwise, the next SELECT to the right is tried, and so on. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-44133-61651-41897-46315-46351-30200-24176-28474

The value Y in likelihood(X,Y) must be a floating point constant between 0.0 and 1.0, inclusive. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: tcl/func3.test)

R-44141-33413-24990-15185-17174-27405-30480-46344

But in the following logically equivalent formulation of the same query, the substitution of "CROSS JOIN" for the "," means that the order of tables must be N1, E, N2. SELECT * FROM node AS n1 CROSS JOIN edge AS e CROSS JOIN node AS n2 WHERE n1.name = 'alice' AND n2.name = 'bob' AND e.orig = n1.id AND e.dest = n2.id; (source optoverview.html)

R-44155-30417-12865-55438-14349-49695-29873-16334

This query would result in a full table scan. (source optoverview.html)

R-44163-39688-38219-15448-17659-56666-21013-19183

The expression of a CHECK constraint may not contain a subquery. (source lang_createtable.html)

R-44209-40260-17459-44675-20302-51345-49866-43242

If and only if the previously described conversion of OR to an IN operator does not work, the second OR-clause optimization is attempted. (source optoverview.html)

R-44223-43966-50481-12161-32962-54841-33868-44497

If there are no non-NULL input rows then sum() returns NULL but total() returns 0. (source lang_aggfunc.html, checked-by: slt/slt_lang_aggfunc.test, th3/req1/aggfunc01.test)

R-44241-31306-56883-60998-04220-09447-33322-42012

Any existing statements prepared using the legacy sqlite3_prepare() interface may fail with an SQLITE_SCHEMA error after the recursive_triggers setting is changed. (source pragma.html)

R-44252-06035-10062-38462-00454-12973-27157-29991

The subquery does not use LIMIT or the outer query is not a join. (source optoverview.html)

R-44261-39702-04875-31790-36524-45169-57836-16173

Foreign key constraints are disabled by default (for backwards compatibility), so must be enabled separately for each database connection. (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys04.test)

R-44270-63173-43365-51432-46246-26535-62506-06270

Both key and value may contain %HH escape sequences. (source uri.html)

R-44289-63209-61315-10942-18523-19279-36717-48244

If the authority is omitted then the path is required. (source uri.html)

R-44294-52863-08300-09780-12014-19647-27880-25111

The third parameter is the name of the database that was written to - either "main" or the name of an ATTACH-ed database. (source c3ref/wal_hook.html)

R-44295-13823-09058-27289-44091-57467-52153-35683

A transaction savepoint (a non-nested savepoint that was opened while there was not currently an open transaction), on the other hand, is subject to the same restrictions as a COMMIT - attempting to RELEASE it while the database is in such a state will fail. (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys15.test)

R-44324-41166-42942-47705-27184-58566-20473-14339

It is also an error to use a "*" or "alias.*" expression in a simple SELECT query that does not have a FROM clause. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-44336-03155-46084-50304-15554-44543-05811-18658

Note also that the journal_mode cannot be changed while a transaction is active. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma23.test)

R-44355-00270-30749-42094-52510-11222-59749-40119

The PRAGMA recursive_triggers setting does not affect the operation of foreign key actions. (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys24.test)

R-44381-11669-25586-00441-33187-20695-56764-33989

the expression 'a' LIKE 'A' is TRUE but 'æ' LIKE 'Æ' is FALSE. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-44382-28097-05870-38154-27344-49810-07099-20883

The second through fifth forms of this pragma set the encoding that the main database will be created with if it is created by this session. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma16.test)

R-44409-62641-17041-24104-11614-63008-35007-15423

The || operator is "concatenate" - it joins together the two strings of its operands. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-44414-54710-39878-46703-10464-52029-15490-53304

There is a row in the cartesian product dataset formed by combining each unique combination of a row from the left-hand and right-hand datasets. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-44424-47897-20192-49943-44571-25334-57312-32558

If the integer at offset 52 is zero then the integer at offset 64 must also be zero. (source fileformat2.html)

R-44448-00687-59565-33416-30258-38835-37742-50898

The pUser and xDelUser members of the sqlite3_rtree_geometry structure are initially set to NULL. (source rtree.html)

R-44454-62925-59479-49991-49814-37875-32192-54285

The WHERE clause may not contains subqueries, references to other tables, functions, or bound parameters. (source partialindex.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/index01.test)

R-44492-58344-41928-11727-58799-16717-41714-60827

The purpose of the likely(X) function is to provide a hint to the query planner that the argument X is a boolean value that is usually true. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/where42.test)

R-44512-29500-51400-28317-41248-06688-48400-64915

If sqlite3_backup_step() has not yet returned SQLITE_DONE, then any active write-transaction on the destination database is rolled back. (source c3ref/backup_finish.html)

R-44544-27073-02924-52207-56870-56461-15432-54248

In cases where there exist loops with no available statistics, this function behaves as if the loop did not exist - it returns non-zero and leave the variable that pOut points to unchanged. (source c3ref/stmt_scanstatus.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/status02.test)

R-44557-40871-19236-56089-26171-47416-20797-60193

If the most recent evaluation of statement S failed, then sqlite3_finalize(S) returns the appropriate error code or extended error code. (source c3ref/finalize.html, checked-by: th3/req1/finalize01.test)

R-44582-60138-19271-50465-03257-36624-40089-31260

SQLite may from time to time reorganize a b-tree page so that there are no freeblocks or fragment bytes, all unused bytes are contained in the unallocated space region, and all cells are packed tightly at the end of the page. (source fileformat2.html)

R-44615-33286-13182-19247-40132-09732-39940-41262

The special identifiers only refer to the row key if the CREATE TABLE statement does not define a real column with the same name. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_createtable.test)

R-44617-07829-03757-45608-53499-18988-55260-02741

The contents of the sqlite3_pcache_methods2 structure are copied to an internal buffer by SQLite within the call to sqlite3_config. Hence the application may discard the parameter after the call to sqlite3_config() returns. (source c3ref/pcache_methods2.html)

R-44624-50921-54896-40195-40598-14115-12715-41655

The PERSIST journaling mode prevents the rollback journal from being deleted at the end of each transaction. Instead, the header of the journal is overwritten with zeros. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma24.test)

R-44638-50196-46982-43265-31220-24766-09972-56099

However, some application may prefer a breadth-first search, which can be accomplished by setting rScore to mxLevel-iLevel. (source rtree.html)

R-44697-61543-61121-64494-25121-35816-03351-31400

If SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER is defined but SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY is not, then SQLite behaves as it did prior to version 3.6.19 - foreign key definitions are parsed and may be queried using PRAGMA foreign_key_list, but foreign key constraints are not enforced. (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys05.test)

R-44699-55558-27782-01179-44434-54573-03026-09570

The INDEXED BY clause does not give the optimizer hints about which index to use; it gives the optimizer a requirement of which index to use. (source lang_indexedby.html)

R-44809-60674-55337-11812-63258-27949-26446-49308

SQLite will use the implementation that most closely matches the way in which the SQL function is used. (source c3ref/create_function.html, checked-by: th3/req1/createfunc04.test)

R-44830-52899-50578-35713-22195-41858-55847-16818

*ppStmt is left pointing to a compiled prepared statement that can be executed using sqlite3_step(). (source c3ref/prepare.html, checked-by: th3/req1/prepare01.test)

R-44864-63011-00700-13629-09474-43315-20375-05910

sqlite> EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT a FROM t1 EXCEPT SELECT d FROM t2 ORDER BY 1; 1|0|0|SCAN TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i2 2|0|0|SCAN TABLE t2 2|0|0|USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY 0|0|0|COMPOUND SUBQUERIES 1 AND 2 (EXCEPT) (source eqp.html, checked-by: tcl/eqp.test)

R-44877-05564-55761-20700-41033-29591-21228-47309

Executing any other type of SQL statement does not modify the value returned by this function. (source c3ref/changes.html, checked-by: tcl/e_changes.test)

R-44911-55124-03117-57509-34751-55401-08276-24921

You can access the ROWID of an SQLite table using one the special column names ROWID, _ROWID_, or OID. Except if you declare an ordinary table column to use one of those special names, then the use of that name will refer to the declared column not to the internal ROWID. (source autoinc.html, checked-by: src/resolve.c, th3/req1/autoinc01.test)

R-44929-19675-50890-09843-10224-35620-29397-31048

The database connection returned by sqlite3_db_handle is the same database connection that was the first argument to the sqlite3_prepare_v2() call (or its variants) that was used to create the statement in the first place. (source c3ref/db_handle.html, checked-by: th3/req1/dbhandle01.test)

R-44931-31853-26224-06306-44467-24966-10617-31779

Universal Coordinated Time (UTC) is used. (source lang_datefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/date01.test)

R-44988-41064-02279-18587-19747-40125-16068-53673

Rows are first sorted based on the results of evaluating the left-most expression in the ORDER BY list, then ties are broken by evaluating the second left-most expression and so on. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-44990-49065-20422-08324-27654-16812-49799-14821

SQLite invokes the xShrink() method when it wants the page cache to free up as much of heap memory as possible. (source c3ref/pcache_methods2.html)

R-44992-52812-59111-17856-46428-55199-28475-08004

SQLite prohibits applications from creating objects whose names begin with "sqlite_". (source fileformat2.html)

R-45001-15102-62824-43089-64558-18158-53977-55532

The first argument to these interfaces is a prepared statement. (source c3ref/column_database_name.html)

R-45003-07395-31947-31592-21927-23597-32015-06745

Autocommit mode is disabled by a BEGIN statement. (source c3ref/get_autocommit.html)

R-45051-55006-15108-02545-65455-20416-20562-25495

The sqlite3_release_memory() interface attempts to free N bytes of heap memory by deallocating non-essential memory allocations held by the database library. (source c3ref/release_memory.html, checked-by: th3/req1/releasemem01.test)

R-45052-47506-16194-46831-63738-43272-24543-14451

When sqlite3_prepare_v2() is used to prepare a statement, the statement might be re-prepared during sqlite3_step() due to a schema change. (source c3ref/set_authorizer.html)

R-45087-02473-60049-15221-45761-16801-31334-59252

For the purposes of unique indices, all NULL values are considered to different from all other NULL values and are thus unique. (source lang_createindex.html, checked-by: th3/req1/createidx01.test)

R-45092-55768-62322-65360-04224-03075-32666-24560

If two or more such blocked connections have specified the same callback function, then instead of invoking the callback function multiple times, it is invoked once with the set of void* context pointers specified by the blocked connections bundled together into an array. (source c3ref/unlock_notify.html)

R-45095-63572-26689-30740-64749-16083-48841-09127

When an applicable constraint violation occurs, the FAIL resolution algorithm aborts the current SQL statement with an SQLITE_CONSTRAINT error. (source lang_conflict.html, checked-by: th3/req1/conflict01.test)

R-45099-02601-54724-45407-56685-24152-16852-27215

Each subterm is analyzed as if it were itself the entire WHERE clause in order to see if the subterm is indexable by itself. (source optoverview.html)

R-45106-55778-23498-47099-45026-10871-39267-61418

The RELEASE of an inner transaction does not cause any changes to be written to the database file; it merely removes savepoints from the transaction stack such that it is no longer possible to ROLLBACK TO those savepoints. (source lang_savepoint.html)

R-45164-23268-36240-53561-39664-08143-25092-01923

However if the trigger actions reference other tables, the trigger is not dropped or modified if those other tables are dropped or modified. (source lang_createtrigger.html)

R-45195-19773-08710-22098-44834-37724-61682-21963

The extended result codes are disabled by default for historical compatibility. (source c3ref/extended_result_codes.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/main06.test)

R-45200-50363-59708-20315-54778-07324-53392-01839

If the expression is not a column and has no COLLATE clause, then the BINARY collating sequence is used. (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_10.test)

R-45221-02523-04020-35318-02486-22619-25012-28682

This error code is not remembered and will not be recalled by sqlite3_errcode() or sqlite3_errmsg(). (source c3ref/file_control.html)

R-45249-57463-30328-02594-07856-08859-32565-40556

The sqlite3_int64 variable pointed to by the T parameter will be set to the total number of rows examined by all iterations of the X-th loop. (source c3ref/c_scanstat_est.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/status02.test)

R-45251-44035-31636-37177-08697-29378-39945-28652

When database is omitted, the "main" database is queried. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma23.test)

R-45318-21719-47167-32773-02041-53098-12990-64085

If any xEntryPoint() returns an error, the sqlite3_open(), sqlite3_open16(), or sqlite3_open_v2() call that provoked the xEntryPoint() will fail. (source c3ref/auto_extension.html, checked-by: th3/req1/autoext01.test)

R-45327-47888-54359-38403-07061-57780-61820-17405

No changes can be made to the database except within a transaction. (source lang_transaction.html)

R-45363-38948-33312-55000-36938-65231-54003-14501

If the sqlite_sequence.seq value for an AUTOINCREMENT table is manually set to something other than an integer and there is a subsequent attempt to insert the or update the AUTOINCREMENT table, then the behavior is undefined. (source fileformat2.html)

R-45406-28279-14866-09757-51891-25484-53799-50932

The first read operation against a database creates a SHARED lock and the first write operation creates a RESERVED lock. (source lang_transaction.html)

R-45408-40694-64054-48639-23979-33510-40886-26968

Changes written into a BLOB prior to the BLOB expiring are not rolled back by the expiration of the BLOB. Such changes will eventually commit if the transaction continues to completion. (source c3ref/blob_open.html, checked-by: tcl/e_blobopen.test)

R-45424-07352-14354-52803-50663-63365-62375-01898

If there is only a single table or subquery in the FROM clause, then the input data used by the SELECT statement is the contents of the named table. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-45424-59143-42887-56356-41413-49128-47927-21331

Modifiers are applied from left to right; order is important. (source lang_datefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/date01.test)

R-45440-25633-60928-38627-51174-16128-58812-25800

ORDER BY and LIMIT clauses may only occur at the end of the entire compound SELECT, and then only if the final element of the compound is not a VALUES clause. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-45441-43537-47777-63556-12740-30003-58169-32879

A single WAL can and usually does record multiple transactions. (source fileformat2.html)

R-45488-08504-64399-03603-60147-65359-06274-60393

If the database schema contains foreign key errors that require looking at more than one table definition to identify, then those errors are not detected when the tables are created. (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys07.test)

R-45492-21673-27380-33881-11856-30913-36422-46222

SQLite will unwind its stack and return an error. (source c3ref/mutex_alloc.html)

R-45493-35653-32389-26460-18465-38474-56599-09288

A CHECK constraint may be attached to a column definition or specified as a table constraint. In practice it makes no difference. (source lang_createtable.html, checked-by: tcl/e_createtable.test)

R-45504-07424-56372-48110-52162-38596-27659-06802

If SQLite is compiled with the SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 option and without the SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4 option, then additional histogram data is collected and stored in sqlite_stat3. (source lang_analyze.html, checked-by: th3/req1/analyze01.test)

R-45509-34933-24347-37380-13828-03412-57306-45781

The CREATE, TABLE, VIEW, TRIGGER, and INDEX keywords at the beginning of the statement are converted to all upper case letters. (source fileformat2.html)

R-45667-58607-22220-28108-32382-15512-20537-62688

If it does, then SQLite requires every entry in the index to be unique. (source partialindex.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/index01.test)

R-45676-18204-05370-40567-50208-38360-04513-21756

If the sqlite3_create_function() interface is used to override the glob(X,Y) function with an alternative implementation then the GLOB operator will invoke the alternative implementation. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/func02.test)

R-45725-33143-49569-42045-56416-09972-18063-04229

Note also that sqlite3_snprintf() returns a pointer to its buffer instead of the number of characters actually written into the buffer. (source c3ref/mprintf.html, checked-by: th3/req1/malloc01.test)

R-45728-08709-00373-57456-04392-57683-10379-45526

There are four columns in each result row. (source pragma.html, checked-by: tcl/fkey5.test, th3/cov1/fkey23.test)

R-45735-05060-45707-02597-62787-16150-27278-23647

The column may not have a PRIMARY KEY or UNIQUE constraint. (source lang_altertable.html, checked-by: th3/req1/altertable01.test)

R-45744-19146-21008-38057-12826-38180-64084-01618

The suppression of redundant columns in the key suffix of an index entry only occurs in WITHOUT ROWID tables. (source fileformat2.html)

R-45764-31737-17057-32264-52283-10533-45215-02214

The INTERSECT operator returns the intersection of the results of the left and right SELECTs. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-45784-06451-30580-17650-38271-45394-43500-47526

NOCASE - The same as binary, except the 26 upper case characters of ASCII are folded to their lower case equivalents before the comparison is performed. (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_09.test)

R-45798-31769-08217-55662-19864-50738-55178-62419

The exclusive lock is not released until either sqlite3_backup_finish() is called or the backup operation is complete and sqlite3_backup_step() returns SQLITE_DONE. (source c3ref/backup_finish.html)

R-45820-61953-03602-28420-59065-19791-09856-58583

A correlated subquery is reevaluated each time its result is required. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: th3/req1/select01.test)

R-45864-01884-48942-09518-31331-15179-06601-52827

On success, sqlite3_blob_write() returns SQLITE_OK. Otherwise, an error code or an extended error code is returned. (source c3ref/blob_write.html, checked-by: tcl/e_blobwrite.test)

R-45878-07697-09901-50980-47387-13868-52582-57913

If the REINDEX keyword is followed by a collation-sequence name, then all indices in all attached databases that use the named collation sequences are recreated. (source lang_reindex.html, checked-by: tcl/e_reindex.test)

R-45880-07724-18025-09257-41536-03477-46499-61988

Any valid query will work against an R*Tree index. (source rtree.html)

R-45882-09372-45562-22355-27454-39457-08272-55277

SQL parameters of the form "?NNN" or ":AAA" or "@AAA" or "$AAA" have a name which is the string "?NNN" or ":AAA" or "@AAA" or "$AAA" respectively. In other words, the initial ":" or "$" or "@" or "?" is included as part of the name. (source c3ref/bind_parameter_name.html, checked-by: th3/req1/bind04.test)

R-45889-48790-57472-62779-24530-49470-03633-17983

The database, table and column on which the blob handle is open remain the same. (source c3ref/blob_reopen.html, checked-by: th3/req1/blob01.test)

R-45910-50363-25944-16530-55356-15445-20890-14687

The default setting can be overridden by each database connection using either the PRAGMA mmap_size command, or by using the SQLITE_FCNTL_MMAP_SIZE file control. (source c3ref/c_config_covering_index_scan.html)

R-45920-48177-50080-31515-14083-57660-64476-49903

The callback is invoked from within the sqlite3_step or sqlite3_close call that concludes the blocking connections transaction. (source c3ref/unlock_notify.html)

R-45936-30472-47790-39733-64722-07720-23744-44892

This pragma does not tell which file format the current database is using; it tells what format will be used by any newly created databases. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma22.test)

R-45939-02717-13913-16916-47597-06370-47114-21935

The randomblob(N) function return an N-byte blob containing pseudo-random bytes. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/func03.test)

R-45951-08347-03834-18503-21973-51666-50988-55652

if the declaration of a column with declared type "INTEGER" includes an "PRIMARY KEY DESC" clause, it does not become an alias for the rowid and is not classified as an integer primary key. (source lang_createtable.html, checked-by: tcl/e_createtable.test)

R-45981-25528-39449-05041-45662-56122-46761-09278

The fragment component of a URI, if present, is ignored. (source c3ref/open.html, checked-by: tcl/e_uri.test)

R-46053-13931-52012-22668-02470-26618-35785-45191

The sqlite3_progress_handler(D,N,X,P) interface causes the callback function X to be invoked periodically during long running calls to sqlite3_exec(), sqlite3_step() and sqlite3_get_table() for database connection D. (source c3ref/progress_handler.html, checked-by: th3/req1/progress01.test)

R-46056-27065-32020-27937-15966-47144-54941-20671

The subquery and the outer query do not both use aggregates. (source optoverview.html)

R-46076-42323-06794-05495-00937-01913-04786-13791

The sqlite_stat3.nEq column holds the approximate number of entries in the index whose left-most column exactly matches the sample. (source fileformat2.html)

R-46097-43041-25812-02888-05341-03733-50964-19225

The sqlite3_last_insert_rowid(D) interface returns the rowid of the most recent successful INSERT into a rowid table or virtual table on database connection D. (source c3ref/last_insert_rowid.html)

R-46129-45598-36416-42008-62999-11143-15168-02813

The rowid can be used anywhere a regular column can be used. (source lang_expr.html)

R-46155-47219-10347-23082-03363-55795-00922-50884

If the expression evaluates to a NULL value or any other value that cannot be losslessly converted to an integer, an error is returned. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-46168-06106-30879-58363-42606-58014-50642-30861


(source lang_savepoint.html)

R-46197-42811-45122-27334-03540-14095-05781-43695

This means that the underlying VFS must support the "version 2" shared-memory. (source wal.html, checked-by: tcl/e_wal.test, th3/req1/pragma05.test)

R-46199-30249-53951-48405-44359-44625-30943-37142

SQLite guarantees that the second argument to xRealloc is always a value returned by a prior call to xRoundup. (source c3ref/mem_methods.html, checked-by: src/malloc.c, src/mem1.c, src/mem2.c, src/mem5.c)

R-46219-33846-03341-47811-62259-36002-31480-38609

sqlite> EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM (SELECT * FROM t2 WHERE c=1), t1; 0|0|0|SEARCH TABLE t2 USING INDEX i4 (c=?) 0|1|1|SCAN TABLE t1 (source eqp.html, checked-by: tcl/eqp.test)

R-46221-33909-22471-18212-13524-55885-62727-63389

International character sets are case sensitive in SQLite unless an application-defined collating sequence and like() SQL function are provided that take non-ASCII characters into account. (source optoverview.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/pragma02.test)

R-46234-61323-27035-49381-04828-37598-41286-52895

If the path does not begin with a '/' (meaning that the authority section is omitted from the URI) then the path is interpreted as a relative path. (source c3ref/open.html, checked-by: tcl/e_uri.test)

R-46256-57243-24322-24814-28812-31567-52831-61261

There is no difference between the "INNER JOIN", "JOIN" and "," join operators. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test, tcl/e_select2.test)

R-46291-22228-33337-03438-09062-41936-26465-59313

The UPDATE, DELETE, and INSERT statements within triggers do not support the full syntax for UPDATE, DELETE, and INSERT statements. (source lang_createtrigger.html)

R-46380-62105-49403-51977-53564-35485-34919-25717

This interface allows the size of various constructs to be limited on a connection by connection basis. The first parameter is the database connection whose limit is to be set or queried. The second parameter is one of the limit categories that define a class of constructs to be size limited. The third parameter is the new limit for that construct. (source c3ref/limit.html, checked-by: th3/req1/limit01.test, th3/req1/limit02.test)

R-46397-11150-35825-03689-51879-43855-50852-63161

The second parameter is the column number. (source c3ref/column_name.html)

R-46412-64859-33610-21088-27035-65289-62627-32246


(source lang_altertable.html)

R-46413-56591-19010-63234-29028-02870-41994-21141

The checksum values are always stored in the frame header in a big-endian format regardless of which byte order is used to compute the checksum. (source fileformat2.html)

R-46421-32541-46392-23903-65246-33066-39018-41515

Or, if X and Y are both BLOBs, then instr(X,Y) returns one more than the number bytes prior to the first occurrence of Y, or 0 if Y does not occur anywhere within X. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: tcl/instr.test)

R-46455-06721-25633-38567-39133-09580-16982-03702

A partial index definition may include the UNIQUE keyword. (source partialindex.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/index01.test)

R-46475-65007-45296-37609-03818-24981-55908-33234

The expression "a BETWEEN b AND c" is treated as two separate binary comparisons "a >= b AND a <= c", even if that means different affinities are applied to 'a' in each of the comparisons. (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_05.test)

R-46513-12418-39442-33008-36450-21417-18357-12067

To delete an existing SQL function or aggregate, pass NULL pointers for all three function callbacks. (source c3ref/create_function.html, checked-by: th3/req1/createfunc03.test)

R-46542-01490-05241-30409-15162-63986-32317-12249

The SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_AV_RETRY opcode is used to configure automatic retry counts and intervals for certain disk I/O operations for the windows VFS in order to provide robustness in the presence of anti-virus programs. (source c3ref/c_fcntl_busyhandler.html)

R-46598-54879-05048-34769-09708-06532-60280-29531

The third integer is the approximate average number of rows in the index that have the same value for the first two columns. (source fileformat2.html)

R-46612-63606-63989-00465-43025-33740-12303-63068

Note that min() is a simple function when it has 2 or more arguments but operates as an aggregate function if given only a single argument. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/func05.test)

R-46616-26780-52699-16900-61811-04122-03606-62757

When an error occurs, sqlite3_step() will return one of the detailed error codes or extended error codes. (source c3ref/prepare.html, checked-by: th3/req1/prepare03.test)

R-46619-65417-10138-19214-14415-00475-28219-65444

The first column is always a 64-bit signed integer primary key. (source rtree.html)

R-46643-08949-52505-46852-59994-03587-15582-21793

Some parameters do not record the highest value. For those parameters nothing is written into *pHighwater and the resetFlag is ignored. (source c3ref/status.html)

R-46649-58537-03180-36291-48705-13434-30415-43306

It is not possible to enable or disable foreign key constraints in the middle of a multi-statement transaction (when SQLite is not in autocommit mode). Attempting to do so does not return an error; it simply has no effect. (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys06.test)

R-46656-45156-45910-65271-53395-31310-28369-14407

The sqlite3_version[] string constant contains the text of SQLITE_VERSION macro. (source c3ref/libversion.html, checked-by: src/main.c)

R-46672-40841-59774-15416-63280-30428-42891-05941

When not in shared cache mode, it is possible to have the same database file attached multiple times using different names, and detaching one connection to a file will leave the others intact. (source lang_detach.html, checked-by: th3/req1/attach01.test)

R-46677-03283-38607-60635-61745-23618-46045-62138

If no database name qualifier precedes the "locking_mode" keyword then the locking mode is applied to all databases, including any new databases added by subsequent ATTACH commands. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma04.test)

R-46702-22190-08999-08775-06967-16190-65475-37101

Databases created by the ATTACH command always use the same encoding as the main database. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma16.test)

R-46765-43362-55332-05088-06369-35446-43155-35174

For the purposes of determining duplicate rows for the results of compound SELECT operators, NULL values are considered equal to other NULL values and distinct from all non-NULL values. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-46780-34130-42515-13535-26112-08732-08829-27411

This is the number of virtual machine operations executed by the prepared statement if that number is less than or equal to 2147483647. (source c3ref/c_stmtstatus_counter.html)

R-46794-19848-23128-00719-30471-17820-52179-33084

An EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN command returns zero or more rows of four columns each. (source eqp.html, checked-by: th3/req1/eqp01.test)

R-46798-18657-50742-54084-49745-39581-20744-29339

SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_OVERFLOW This parameter returns the number of bytes of page cache allocation which could not be satisfied by the SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE buffer and where forced to overflow to sqlite3_malloc(). The returned value includes allocations that overflowed because they where too large (they were larger than the "sz" parameter to SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE) and allocations that overflowed because no space was left in the page cache. (source c3ref/c_status_malloc_count.html)

R-46798-50301-48995-28285-56174-19296-23504-21814

The sqlite3_context_db_handle() interface returns a copy of the pointer to the database connection (the 1st parameter) of the sqlite3_create_function() and sqlite3_create_function16() routines that originally registered the application defined function. (source c3ref/context_db_handle.html, checked-by: src/vdbeapi.c, th3/req1/value01.test)

R-46863-28786-21721-60077-48835-05844-55823-37833

The current value of the requested parameter is written into *pCur and the highest instantaneous value is written into *pHiwtr. (source c3ref/db_status.html, checked-by: th3/req1/dbstatus01.test)

R-46899-53765-49307-65251-39384-33164-52568-22065

A SELECT used as a scalar quantity must return a result set with a single column. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-46912-28798-53031-38709-36895-29366-07860-41608

Any attempt to use AUTOINCREMENT on a WITHOUT ROWID table or on a column other than the INTEGER PRIMARY KEY column results in an error. (source autoinc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/autoinc01.test)

R-46927-16727-32978-55538-27882-44845-62428-50887

The sqlite3_errcode() interface returns the numeric result code or extended result code for the most recent failed sqlite3_* API call associated with a database connection. (source c3ref/errcode.html)

R-46928-50290-63480-55173-44654-62458-34025-42888

The optional conflict-clause allows the specification of an alternative constraint conflict resolution algorithm to use during this one INSERT command. (source lang_insert.html, checked-by: tcl/e_insert.test)

R-46937-57672-41895-41327-41182-38354-24563-01052

Objects of this type are created by sqlite3_blob_open() and destroyed by sqlite3_blob_close(). (source c3ref/blob.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/vdbeblob01.test)

R-46991-00459-32284-17616-36879-21143-59661-33845

Instead, executing an INSERT, DELETE or UPDATE on the view causes the associated triggers to fire. (source lang_createtrigger.html)

R-47032-28289-44184-46595-09836-48485-53901-64968

A database connection handle is usually returned in *ppDb, even if an error occurs. The only exception is that if SQLite is unable to allocate memory to hold the sqlite3 object, a NULL will be written into *ppDb instead of a pointer to the sqlite3 object. (source c3ref/open.html)

R-47066-28880-03512-24008-47345-51727-07971-11706

Both routines return a NULL pointer if sqlite3_malloc() is unable to allocate enough memory to hold the resulting string. (source c3ref/mprintf.html, checked-by: th3/req1/malloc01.test)

R-47080-02069-19289-28177-02416-33406-46082-01364

If an "ALTER TABLE ... RENAME TO" command is used to rename a table that is the parent table of one or more foreign key constraints, the definitions of the foreign key constraints are modified to refer to the parent table by its new name (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys21.test)

R-47106-26961-22018-10007-09993-39383-21640-46039

The sqlite3_backup object may be used with the sqlite3_backup_step() and sqlite3_backup_finish() functions to perform the specified backup operation. (source c3ref/backup_finish.html, checked-by: th3/req1/backup02.test)

R-47125-14019-06302-35267-43761-08118-47718-40685

The "start of" modifiers (7 through 9) shift the date backwards to the beginning of the current month, year or day. (source lang_datefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/date01.test)

R-47175-52442-38801-17858-62181-59243-23138-32376

Invoking this pragma with an argument is equivalent to calling the sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2() C interface with a 3rd parameter corresponding to the argument: (source pragma.html)

R-47189-13533-48417-10279-64730-28757-47384-47585

Otherwise, an expression has NONE affinity. (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_05.test)

R-47208-15314-60187-26132-59357-10692-55881-38588

And the automatically generated ROWIDs are guaranteed to be monotonically increasing. (source autoinc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/autoinc01.test)

R-47211-28729-25816-05279-05097-21932-34938-10483

Deferred means that no locks are acquired on the database until the database is first accessed. (source lang_transaction.html)

R-47220-63683-02784-26430-33183-60835-28174-15820

The sqlite3_last_insert_rowid() function does not work for WITHOUT ROWID tables. (source withoutrowid.html, checked-by: tcl/lastinsert.test, th3/cov1/withoutrowid01.test)

R-47224-48532-62948-64824-54403-32645-39277-62522

When an applicable constraint violation occurs, the ABORT resolution algorithm aborts the current SQL statement with an SQLITE_CONSTRAINT error and backs out any changes made by the current SQL statement; but changes caused by prior SQL statements within the same transaction are preserved and the transaction remains active. (source lang_conflict.html, checked-by: th3/req1/conflict01.test)

R-47229-44664-45989-28398-08189-62059-57845-17972

The virtual table creates three "shadow" tables to actually store its content. The names of these shadow tables are: _node _rowid _parent (source rtree.html)

R-47237-20641-51298-30597-19533-32249-45130-16580

The parameter N is the approximate number of virtual machine instructions that are evaluated between successive invocations of the callback X. (source c3ref/progress_handler.html)

R-47257-47871-22083-44604-28744-21660-36470-17217

Smaller scores are processed first. (source rtree.html)

R-47301-17448-04122-36354-45464-07871-26388-12045

String variables that contain text formatted like hexadecimal integers are not interpreted as hexadecimal integers when coercing the string value into an integer due to a CAST expression or for a column affinity transformation or prior to performing a numeric operation or for any other run-time conversions. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: th3/req1/expr01.test)

R-47315-00093-41061-53931-45915-04036-59670-00398


(source lang_altertable.html)

R-47326-42054-43655-41302-10309-18227-37352-51087

No entry point will be called more than once for each database connection that is opened. (source c3ref/auto_extension.html, checked-by: th3/req1/autoext01.test)

R-47349-36088-56332-49361-27773-46509-28359-10620

The ifnull() function is equivalent to coalesce() with two arguments. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/func01.test)

R-47355-18032-54463-52994-47328-64569-52603-29032

The column is identified by the second, third and fourth parameters to this function. (source c3ref/table_column_metadata.html)

R-47358-05964-44521-01667-50829-29935-00197-29054

The sqlite3_data_count(P) routine returns 0 if the previous call to sqlite3_step(P) returned SQLITE_DONE. (source c3ref/data_count.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datacnt01.test)

R-47362-07898-57690-63362-38950-19612-46458-01308

If the REINDEX keyword is not followed by a collation-sequence or database object identifier, then all indices in all attached databases are rebuilt. (source lang_reindex.html, checked-by: tcl/e_reindex.test)

R-47366-13741-55802-55490-13630-64665-63412-14686

If the option is unknown or SQLite is unable to set the option then this routine returns a non-zero error code. (source c3ref/config.html)

R-47380-47766-30559-16874-18437-48917-00984-13736

If sqlite3_close_v2() is called on a database connection that still has outstanding prepared statements, BLOB handles, and/or sqlite3_backup objects then it returns SQLITE_OK and the deallocation of resources is deferred until all prepared statements, BLOB handles, and sqlite3_backup objects are also destroyed. (source c3ref/close.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/main39.test)

R-47394-08393-08013-46591-44142-56491-27088-03038

The like() function is used to implement the "Y LIKE X [ESCAPE Z]" expression. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/func02.test)

R-47421-29468-64946-07771-42048-44217-36224-10277

If none of the arguments to min() define a collating function, then the BINARY collating function is used. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/func03.test)

R-47436-38935-17734-42324-42347-43578-49292-42564

The header of the rollback journal can be overwritten with invalid header text (for example, all zeros). (source fileformat2.html)

R-47496-23053-18561-13621-46143-05639-50277-51479

If any input to sum() is neither an integer or a NULL then sum() returns a floating point value which might be an approximation to the true sum. (source lang_aggfunc.html, checked-by: slt/slt_lang_aggfunc.test, th3/req1/aggfunc01.test)

R-47512-27714-00574-29870-48560-40440-32292-60340

An individual database connection D can reduce its maximum parameter number below the compile-time maximum using the sqlite3_limit(D, SQLITE_LIMIT_VARIABLE_NUMBER,...) interface. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: th3/req1/bind01.test)

R-47539-04989-63867-01741-02652-06159-08105-39145

A time string can be in any of the following formats: YYYY-MM-DD YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM:SS YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM:SS.SSS YYYY-MM-DDTHH:MM YYYY-MM-DDTHH:MM:SS YYYY-MM-DDTHH:MM:SS.SSS HH:MM HH:MM:SS HH:MM:SS.SSS now DDDDDDDDDD (source lang_datefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/date01.test)

R-47543-32145-59149-48631-62108-17148-32947-37500

Or, if none of the WHEN expressions evaluate to a value equal to the base expression, the result of evaluating the ELSE expression, if any. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-47608-56469-23173-27343-55331-44027-52555-65470

Any other value for the b-tree page type is an error. (source fileformat2.html)

R-47612-45842-47349-09557-45633-42955-42013-27541

When casting a TEXT value to INTEGER, the longest possible prefix of the value that can be interpreted as an integer number is extracted from the TEXT value and the remainder ignored. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-47666-36489-24359-20436-03208-18550-24058-22275

To perform a backup operation: sqlite3_backup_init() is called once to initialize the backup, sqlite3_backup_step() is called one or more times to transfer the data between the two databases, and finally sqlite3_backup_finish() is called to release all resources associated with the backup operation. (source c3ref/backup_finish.html, checked-by: th3/req1/backup01.test)

R-47674-04435-43323-49671-63294-37647-53866-33040

When a database is in WAL mode, all connections to that database must use the WAL. (source fileformat2.html)

R-47688-18802-24758-22650-17797-24943-61288-58043

The query string is divided into key/value pairs. (source uri.html)

R-47693-25331-52984-11068-59161-61137-57411-63213

The parent is not a recursive CTE, or the sub-query is not a compound query. (source optoverview.html)

R-47730-38043-27274-49738-18176-22421-00022-64697

Recognized integer codes are of the form SQLITE_STATUS_.... (source c3ref/status.html)

R-47754-42489-63490-59015-30535-62379-17829-51875

If the main database has not already been created, then the value returned is the text encoding that will be used to create the main database, if it is created by this session. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma16.test)

R-47754-63122-64688-34803-40832-37059-61979-20469

If the busy callback is not NULL, then the callback might be invoked with two arguments. (source c3ref/busy_handler.html)

R-47767-53608-31711-20223-30446-35876-45207-61416

Unlike regular SQLite tables which can store data in a variety of datatypes and formats, the R*Tree indices rigidly enforce these storage types. (source rtree.html)

R-47776-28526-56266-60263-62785-55085-28678-57655

The return value from sqlite3_soft_heap_limit64() is the size of the soft heap limit prior to the call, or negative in the case of an error. (source c3ref/soft_heap_limit64.html, checked-by: th3/req1/softheaplimit01.test)

R-47779-47605-17033-59564-54641-41930-11276-19483

sqlite> EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT a, b FROM t1 WHERE a=1; 0|0|0|SCAN TABLE t1 (source eqp.html, checked-by: tcl/eqp.test)

R-47794-27716-03685-35899-02913-62361-61931-61907

The right-most column that is used can employ inequalities. (source optoverview.html)

R-47840-03311-54487-10181-01363-10291-46313-11020

The number of extra bytes needed by the page header can be determined using the SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE_HDRSZ option to sqlite3_config(). (source c3ref/c_config_covering_index_scan.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/main42.test)

R-47870-49110-06101-43911-08439-20961-63107-08637

The parent and sub-query may contain WHERE clauses. (source optoverview.html)

R-47871-25994-62051-30257-22396-55190-62622-00222

The second argument is the size of each lookaside buffer slot. (source c3ref/c_dbconfig_enable_fkey.html, checked-by: src/main.c, th3/req1/dbconfig01.test)

R-47901-33947-04080-30794-42855-09326-15418-05201

With one exception noted below, if a rowid table has a primary key that consists of a single column and the declared type of that column is "INTEGER" in any mixture of upper and lower case, then the column becomes an alias for the rowid. (source lang_createtable.html, checked-by: tcl/e_createtable.test)

R-47913-44653-19019-51800-53744-51346-51796-57702

For example, the max() function with a single argument is an aggregate and the max() function with two or more arguments is a simple function. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: th3/req1/func05.test)

R-47936-10044-12721-09990-49763-27309-53307-48514

Or, more generally: SELECT rowid FROM WHERE = :parent_key_value (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys10.test)

R-47952-62498-54054-51429-18050-07399-51898-49231

It is not possible to use the "ALTER TABLE ... ADD COLUMN" syntax to add a column that includes a REFERENCES clause, unless the default value of the new column is NULL. Attempting to do so returns an error. (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys21.test)

R-47955-60548-49286-20215-63749-05512-58064-59147


(source lang_transaction.html)

R-48001-03885-46533-22918-25450-29209-50529-34547

EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN is most useful on a SELECT statement, but may also be appear with other statements that read data from database tables (e.g. UPDATE, DELETE, INSERT INTO ... SELECT). (source eqp.html, checked-by: th3/req1/eqp01.test)

R-48019-29352-09930-00922-22494-19242-19926-63915

Strings are surrounded by single-quotes with escapes on interior quotes as needed. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/func02.test)

R-48118-34840-54112-17431-20305-06499-24777-65466

To convert the results of an SQL expression to a boolean value, SQLite first casts the result to a NUMERIC value in the same way as a CAST expression. A numeric zero value (integer value 0 or real value 0.0) is considered to be false. A NULL value is still NULL. All other values are considered true. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: th3/req1/expr03.test)

R-48124-63225-09560-63618-32598-12840-01456-15525

A single foreign key constraint may have different actions configured for ON DELETE and ON UPDATE. (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/pragma02.test)

R-48126-27717-31293-47858-22865-09722-12158-06374

The content of the statistics tables can be queried using SELECT and can be changed using the DELETE, INSERT, and UPDATE commands. (source lang_analyze.html, checked-by: th3/req1/analyze01.test)

R-48141-52334-41562-00713-04774-04609-31111-39049

If the DELETE statement has an ORDER BY clause, then all rows that would be deleted in the absence of the LIMIT clause are sorted according to the ORDER BY. The first M rows, where M is the value found by evaluating the OFFSET clause expression, are skipped, and the following N, where N is the value of the LIMIT expression, are deleted. (source lang_delete.html, checked-by: tcl/e_delete.test)

R-48191-50425-24568-05066-49812-07872-47674-23180

A rollback journal is only considered to be valid if it exists and contains a valid header. (source fileformat2.html)

R-48195-55336-26505-63139-45265-27708-47469-46225

It is an error to specify both a and the TEMP keyword on a VIEW, unless the is "temp". (source lang_createview.html)

R-48204-18881-64880-60099-58359-33874-53073-00752

Instead, the built-in Date And Time Functions of SQLite are capable of storing dates and times as TEXT, REAL, or INTEGER values: TEXT as ISO8601 strings ("YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM:SS.SSS"). REAL as Julian day numbers, the number of days since noon in Greenwich on November 24, 4714 B.C. according to the proleptic Gregorian calendar. INTEGER as Unix Time, the number of seconds since 1970-01-01 00:00:00 UTC. (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_01.test)

R-48230-36247-21230-47058-09870-51505-35285-11048

The special behaviors associated "INTEGER PRIMARY KEY" do not apply on WITHOUT ROWID tables. (source withoutrowid.html, checked-by: tcl/without_rowid5.test, th3/cov1/withoutrowid01.test)

R-48245-15045-20041-46563-30518-58270-45669-62749

A filename that is not a well-formed URI is interpreted as an ordinary filename. (source uri.html)

R-48270-44282-22791-02682-41212-30485-35514-10094

Foreign key ON DELETE and ON UPDATE clauses are used to configure actions that take place when deleting rows from the parent table (ON DELETE), or modifying the parent key values of existing rows (ON UPDATE). (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/pragma02.test)

R-48331-62427-58525-15123-43794-40933-40016-08024

The cache size reverts to the default value when the database is closed and reopened. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma09.test)

R-48332-15034-37665-36826-65494-46636-19772-53636

Overflow pages form a linked list. (source fileformat2.html)

R-48333-48208-51802-16528-34605-32533-04815-58648

The page cache implementation may choose to evict unpinned pages at any time. (source c3ref/pcache_methods2.html)

R-48353-20008-09529-43766-40530-57780-24445-25829

The RENAME TO syntax is used to rename the table identified by [database-name.]table-name to new-table-name. (source lang_altertable.html, checked-by: th3/req1/altertable01.test)

R-48353-58021-05653-25479-47424-12546-41849-50684

Coalesce() must have at least 2 arguments. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/func01.test)

R-48365-36308-32644-24714-49385-43742-45411-08326

Specifying an unknown VFS is an error. (source c3ref/open.html, checked-by: tcl/e_uri.test)

R-48367-20048-50643-18297-54370-57109-07198-62808

Calls to sqlite3_blob_read() and sqlite3_blob_write() for an expired BLOB handle fail with a return code of SQLITE_ABORT. (source c3ref/blob_open.html, checked-by: tcl/e_blobopen.test)

R-48391-38472-46406-48874-31358-29787-61398-48182

Instead, such errors prevent the application from preparing SQL statements that modify the content of the child or parent tables in ways that use the foreign keys. (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys07.test)

R-48397-09304-28438-45944-41933-38380-50154-54249

The "localtime" modifier (12) assumes the time string to its left is in Universal Coordinated Time (UTC) and adjusts the time string so that it displays localtime. (source lang_datefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/date01.test)

R-48406-37154-26561-02461-09510-38646-59935-58030

The first integer in this list is the approximate number of rows in the index and in the table. (source fileformat2.html)

R-48422-12154-41896-26820-42783-11801-54961-22024

SQLITE_DONE means that the statement has finished executing successfully. (source c3ref/step.html)

R-48423-15566-21629-16803-49272-05877-37103-01519

The LIMIT of a scalar subquery is always 1. Any other LIMIT value given in the SQL text is ignored. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: th3/req1/expr02.test)

R-48440-37595-53228-62287-21780-44626-15603-42165

If the specific value bound to host parameter in the WHERE clause might influence the choice of query plan for a statement, then the statement will be automatically recompiled, as if there had been a schema change, on the first sqlite3_step() call following any change to the bindings of that parameter. (source c3ref/prepare.html, checked-by: src/vdbeapi.c, th3/req1/prepare04.test)

R-48498-17552-64242-05980-09276-07161-21761-29741

The priority assigned to each node in the search is the lowest priority returned by any of the MATCH operators. (source rtree.html)

R-48508-16501-42399-04556-60395-35899-62674-27163

The SQLite core never uses these routines except inside an assert() and applications are advised to follow the lead of the core. (source c3ref/mutex_held.html)

R-48521-51450-40029-38325-35476-53863-12365-01087

When in write-ahead log mode, only the auto_vacuum support property can be changed using VACUUM. (source lang_vacuum.html, checked-by: tcl/e_vacuum.test)

R-48544-16048-58560-43794-36911-40715-54849-57363

Page 1 of a database file is the root page of a table b-tree that holds a special table named "sqlite_master" (or "sqlite_temp_master" in the case of a TEMP database) which stores the complete database schema. (source fileformat2.html)

R-48576-42125-14408-22326-23329-43841-05542-05024

This pragma only operates on the single database specified prior to the pragma name (or on the "main" database if no database is specified. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma26.test)

R-48584-41074-15154-28473-43969-34090-29401-03268

For example, if an UPDATE statement encountered a constraint violation on the 100th row that it attempts to update, then the first 99 row changes are preserved but changes to rows 100 and beyond never occur. (source lang_conflict.html, checked-by: th3/req1/conflict01.test)

R-48666-10705-60913-59085-01718-56024-53514-10016

The 4-byte big-endian integer at offset 96 stores the SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER value for the SQLite library that most recently modified the database file. (source fileformat2.html)

R-48672-52715-12548-65010-48286-41309-29558-44843

The first six modifiers (1 through 6) simply add the specified amount of time to the date and time specified by the preceding timestring and modifiers. (source lang_datefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/date01.test)

R-48680-34580-07535-36530-00266-23021-14207-17358

This routine enables or disables the sharing of the database cache and schema data structures between connections to the same database. Sharing is enabled if the argument is true and disabled if the argument is false. (source c3ref/enable_shared_cache.html)

R-48688-00748-56666-16124-37344-47567-46615-55304


(source lang_createindex.html, checked-by: th3/req1/createidx01.test)

R-48699-48617-19592-25745-27147-09294-16176-26232

This function is an SQL wrapper around the sqlite3_libversion() C-interface. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: src/func.c, th3/req1/func04.test)

R-48711-46457-28354-47973-39166-41669-11371-37006

The COMMIT command commits all outstanding transactions and leaves the transaction stack empty. (source lang_savepoint.html)

R-48725-32206-13295-21825-58953-47648-55693-43130

If it is globally disabled, filenames are only interpreted as URIs if the SQLITE_OPEN_URI flag is set when the database connection is opened. (source c3ref/c_config_covering_index_scan.html, checked-by: src/main.c)

R-48730-20169-40246-20306-06910-57968-05795-57037

Setting the auto-checkpoint size to zero or a negative value turns auto-checkpointing off. (source pragma.html)

R-48747-10400-04518-40468-05285-19498-18492-16808

The affinity of a column is determined by the declared type of the column, according to the following rules in the order shown: (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_01.test)

R-48780-51154-29045-33846-29685-59485-21134-40329

A rollback journal header is padded with zeros out to the size of a single sector (as defined by the sector size integer at offset 20). (source fileformat2.html)

R-48816-31606-01723-32328-02759-44643-37648-45150

If the "TEMP" or "TEMPORARY" keyword occurs in between "CREATE" and "VIEW" then the view that is created is only visible to the process that opened the database and is automatically deleted when the database is closed. (source lang_createview.html)

R-48883-55500-50778-07374-29633-57936-16393-12764

Similarly, xMutexAlloc() must not use SQLite memory allocation for a static mutex. (source c3ref/mutex_methods.html)

R-48887-45097-32252-48133-01081-61153-45933-38095

When INSERT OR REPLACE encounters a constraint violation, it does not fail. The INSERT continues to completion after deleting rows that caused the constraint problem so INSERT OR REPLACE will always change the return value of this interface. (source c3ref/last_insert_rowid.html)

R-48924-26514-16091-23967-07299-63684-26291-30704

SQLite passes the module arguments directly to the xCreate and xConnect methods of the module implementation without any interpretation. (source lang_createvtab.html)

R-48930-58522-23866-61724-42615-58170-25168-58351

If the fullfsync flag is set, then the F_FULLFSYNC syncing method is used for all sync operations and the checkpoint_fullfsync setting is irrelevant. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma11.test)

R-48932-13175-31748-44734-45646-26291-63323-36256

When the auto_vacuum pragma is invoked with no arguments, it returns the current auto_vacuum mode. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma07.test)

R-48974-49065-61621-06146-19676-25971-04970-57642

When overwriting the original, a rollback journal or write-ahead log WAL file is used just as it would be for any other database transaction. (source lang_vacuum.html)

R-49006-07361-60933-29760-59065-52177-14168-55126

This interface returns a pointer the sqlite3_mutex object that serializes access to the database connection given in the argument when the threading mode is Serialized. (source c3ref/db_mutex.html, checked-by: th3/req1/dbmutex01.test)

R-49045-42493-00753-52815-20675-33627-44655-32339

SQLite will use the xCurrentTimeInt64() method to get the current date and time if that method is available (if iVersion is 2 or greater and the function pointer is not NULL) and will fall back to xCurrentTime() if xCurrentTimeInt64() is unavailable. (source c3ref/vfs.html, checked-by: src/os.c)

R-49053-54554-23954-60675-57503-20600-08222-18852

The sqlite3_free() routine is a no-op if is called with a NULL pointer. (source c3ref/free.html, checked-by: src/malloc.c, th3/req1/malloc02.test)

R-49065-33371-62807-45806-18659-22955-12642-05474

you cannot create indices or triggers on a virtual table. (source lang_createvtab.html)

R-49080-64834-49066-11889-43527-52313-57456-24143

SQLite further guarantees that the string will be valid and unchanged until xClose() is called. (source c3ref/vfs.html, checked-by: th3/th3testvfs.c)

R-49101-35304-43944-04630-00737-13180-26009-06638

PRAGMA encoding; PRAGMA encoding = "UTF-8"; PRAGMA encoding = "UTF-16"; PRAGMA encoding = "UTF-16le"; PRAGMA encoding = "UTF-16be"; (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma16.test)

R-49139-10687-11407-01351-43841-59577-60100-56691

If a is specified, then the view is created in the named database. (source lang_createview.html)

R-49178-21358-58489-31319-06651-33455-27209-45773

By contrast, if a statement modifies the contents of the database such that a deferred foreign key constraint is violated, the violation is not reported immediately. (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys12.test)

R-49203-06300-24971-00388-61998-23090-03169-09394

SQLITE_ERROR means that a run-time error (such as a constraint violation) has occurred. (source c3ref/step.html)

R-49205-33389-18293-52345-53648-26745-43874-32823

If it returns NULL that means that a mutex could not be allocated. (source c3ref/mutex_alloc.html)

R-49209-02887-60743-44417-20052-18127-43275-57603


(source lang_vacuum.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/vacuum01.test)

R-49341-60912-32956-53217-17617-26256-31299-20924

The schema for the sqlite_sequence table is: CREATE TABLE sqlite_sequence(name,seq); (source fileformat2.html)

R-49438-33626-11664-14261-26905-24626-16262-08666

The second argument is the index of the SQL parameter to be set. (source c3ref/bind_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/bind01.test)

R-49439-47561-51133-13187-26253-42033-23583-00628

It is an error to specify both a and the TEMP or TEMPORARY keyword, unless the is "temp". (source lang_createtable.html, checked-by: tcl/e_createtable.test)

R-49475-10767-10056-16287-22604-26853-09642-54500

Triggers are database operations that are automatically performed when a specified database event occurs. (source lang_createtrigger.html)

R-49544-31368-40814-19343-43635-21334-61067-52445

SQLite never deallocates a static mutex. (source c3ref/mutex_alloc.html, checked-by: th3/th3util.c)

R-49563-33883-18823-43578-33471-11395-18869-08978

A VACUUM will fail if there is an open transaction, or if there are one or more active SQL statements when it is run. (source lang_vacuum.html, checked-by: tcl/e_vacuum.test)

R-49566-01570-19269-51029-21052-63278-54120-39261

If the left and right-hand input datasets feature no common column names, then the NATURAL keyword has no effect on the results of the join. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-49587-58722-22579-11997-14629-64428-05772-29510

The authorizer callback is invoked as SQL statements are being compiled by sqlite3_prepare() or its variants sqlite3_prepare_v2(), sqlite3_prepare16() and sqlite3_prepare16_v2(). (source c3ref/set_authorizer.html)

R-49616-30196-22472-11090-21986-31770-01648-15576

Or, if the argument attached to the REINDEX identifies a specific database table, then all indices attached to the database table are rebuilt. (source lang_reindex.html, checked-by: tcl/e_reindex.test)

R-49703-40061-17137-59156-45965-30575-53076-21589

Note that you must use the keyword "CROSS" in order to disable the table reordering optimization; INNER JOIN, NATURAL JOIN, JOIN, and other similar combinations work just like a comma join in that the optimizer is free to reorder tables as it sees fit. (source optoverview.html)

R-49709-12803-31814-26348-47423-57692-52617-09726

If this variable is a NULL pointer, then SQLite assumes that all database files specified with a relative pathname are relative to the current directory for the process. (source c3ref/data_directory.html)

R-49718-44437-53178-33073-48551-60632-45231-61036

If sqlite3_backup_step(B,N) successfully copies N pages and there are still more pages to be copied, then the function returns SQLITE_OK. (source c3ref/backup_finish.html, checked-by: th3/req1/backup03.test)

R-49744-28344-63399-17680-56251-18260-15622-25179

Return the number of columns in the result set returned by the prepared statement. (source c3ref/column_count.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datacnt01.test, th3/th3util.c)

R-49752-52776-47662-23975-09882-64912-61393-46932

Unless deadlock is detected (see below), sqlite3_unlock_notify() always returns SQLITE_OK. (source c3ref/unlock_notify.html)

R-49755-52305-50585-21714-21268-35296-20673-02389

Hence, to find the current value of a limit without changing it, simply invoke this interface with the third parameter set to -1. (source c3ref/limit.html, checked-by: th3/req1/limit01.test)

R-49759-12456-29059-02912-58446-28690-22652-14283

None of the xSavepoint(), xRelease(), or xRollbackTo() methods will ever be called except in between calls to xBegin() and either xCommit() or xRollback(). (source vtab.html)

R-49770-47130-58542-44165-02097-09691-62108-60186

Thus with SQLite, there is no computational advantage to use the newer SQL92 join syntax over the older SQL89 comma-join syntax. They both end up accomplishing exactly the same thing on inner joins. (source optoverview.html)

R-49783-61279-16242-54630-23858-13201-42746-50539

An "at" sign works exactly like a colon, except that the name of the parameter created is @AAAA. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-49789-16524-33222-15346-50158-11030-19428-38711

For an inner join, the two queries above would be identical. (source optoverview.html)

R-49793-28525-19299-21644-21029-37441-20100-31652

Setting the cache parameter to "private" is equivalent to setting the SQLITE_OPEN_PRIVATECACHE bit. (source c3ref/open.html, checked-by: tcl/e_uri.test)

R-49817-02954-23076-12653-50328-02028-06094-60285

If no database name is specified, and the TEMP keyword is not present, the VIEW is created in the main database. (source lang_createview.html)

R-49846-38160-32658-53011-14500-27650-55616-46897

If the argument is a table name, then only that table and the indices associated with that table are analyzed. (source lang_analyze.html, checked-by: th3/req1/analyze01.test)

R-49872-03192-58704-53251-31114-19723-47133-57999

If the join-operator is "CROSS JOIN", "INNER JOIN", "JOIN" or a comma (",") and there is no ON or USING clause, then the result of the join is simply the cartesian product of the left and right-hand datasets. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test, tcl/e_select2.test)

R-49876-15090-54531-12360-51762-42464-27372-16242

SQLite makes a copy of the content of the sqlite3_mutex_methods structure before the call to sqlite3_config() returns. (source c3ref/c_config_covering_index_scan.html, checked-by: th3/th3main.c)

R-49920-60189-48669-35973-51094-40513-29191-34461

If the first pointer (the memory pointer) is NULL, then SQLite reverts to using its default memory allocator (the system malloc() implementation), undoing any prior invocation of SQLITE_CONFIG_MALLOC. (source c3ref/c_config_covering_index_scan.html, checked-by: src/main.c, th3/th3oom.c)

R-49925-55905-53634-34425-17507-41771-04127-21905

Otherwise, the BINARY collation sequence is used. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-49931-19798-23474-09370-36216-10511-05923-60825

After each call to sqlite3_set_auxdata(C,N,P,X) where X is not NULL, SQLite will invoke the destructor function X with parameter P exactly once, when the metadata is discarded. (source c3ref/get_auxdata.html)

R-49933-05137-11348-33836-49788-49818-47982-53945

If there is a USING clause then each of the column names specified must exist in the datasets to both the left and right of the join-operator. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-49956-53465-03282-32441-61380-45245-38103-26687

A protected sqlite3_value object may always be used where an unprotected sqlite3_value object is required, so either kind of sqlite3_value object can be used with this interface. (source c3ref/result_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/result03.test)

R-49959-19447-21859-18883-29920-55804-31442-61320

The xMutexInit method defined by this structure is invoked as part of system initialization by the sqlite3_initialize() function. (source c3ref/mutex_methods.html)

R-49962-37036-40067-13077-38484-28797-22165-05685

In the example above, if column x has TEXT affinity then the comparison "x=5" will be done as text. But the + operator removes the affinity. So the comparison "+x=5" will compare the text in column x with the numeric value 5 and will always be false. (source optoverview.html)

R-49983-40731-31772-48546-63558-64382-07908-41217

There is normally one row per index, with the index identified by the name in the sqlite_stat1.idx column. (source fileformat2.html)

R-49991-12716-30919-42596-27111-39963-53414-21739

A keyword in double-quotes is an identifier. (source lang_keywords.html, checked-by: th3/req1/keyword01.test)

R-50054-41546-44227-45565-32365-53294-59640-58817

The column names are "selectid", "order", "from", "detail". (source eqp.html, checked-by: th3/req1/eqp01.test)

R-50083-60579-41416-11234-29660-46304-14804-18223

The second argument is an integer constant, taken from the set of SQLITE_DBSTATUS options, that determines the parameter to interrogate. (source c3ref/db_status.html, checked-by: th3/req1/dbstatus01.test)

R-50109-18895-48987-07545-37480-53059-10212-16515

Hexadecimal integer literals follow the C-language notation of "0x" or "0X" followed by hexadecimal digits. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: th3/req1/expr01.test)

R-50117-55204-45597-46380-14331-21746-62351-54085

Foreign key constraints are enabled, column zColumn is part of a child key definition and the blob is being opened for read/write access (source c3ref/blob_open.html, checked-by: tcl/e_blobopen.test, th3/cov1/vdbeblob06.test)

R-50119-29505-37082-63069-38762-47646-11370-33596


(source lang_droptrigger.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/trigger03.test)

R-50141-17598-64848-16921-53866-52555-58777-52662

The legacy_file_format pragma can be used to change set the specific behavior for any version of SQLite. (source lang_createindex.html, checked-by: th3/req1/createidx02.test)

R-50143-27238-56524-33998-35600-39903-63308-38872

For example: SELECT a FROM (SELECT x+y AS a FROM t1 WHERE z5 Would be rewritten using query flattening as: SELECT x+y AS a FROM t1 WHERE z5 (source optoverview.html)

R-50185-15050-31039-59683-34271-57411-13572-34990

sqlite3_initialize() will invoke sqlite3_os_init(). (source c3ref/initialize.html)

R-50194-36439-38643-58258-08094-53618-19496-51516

The right-hand side of the LIKE or GLOB must be either a string literal or a parameter bound to a string literal that does not begin with a wildcard character. (source optoverview.html)

R-50221-42915-63366-22900-20330-11785-03020-07712

The result of an IN or NOT IN operator is determined by the following matrix: Left operand is NULL Right operand contains NULL Right operand is an empty set Left operand found within right operand Result of IN operator Result of NOT IN operator no no no no false true does not matter no yes no false true no does not matter no yes true false no yes no no NULL NULL yes does not matter no does not matter NULL NULL (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: slt/in1.test, slt/in2.test, tcl/tkt-80e031a00f.test)

R-50227-03668-59884-25860-05974-05725-11856-44463

The descending index schema format (4) takes index sort order into account. (source lang_createindex.html, checked-by: th3/req1/createidx02.test)

R-50239-29811-49313-60687-55127-24042-57114-25810

Once removed, the trigger definition is no longer present in the sqlite_master (or sqlite_temp_master) table and is not fired by any subsequent INSERT, UPDATE or DELETE statements. (source lang_droptrigger.html, checked-by: tcl/e_droptrigger.test)

R-50243-02120-56325-18507-39811-01324-44973-47681


(source lang_createtrigger.html)

R-50295-28419-15389-14310-31711-65097-63451-02333

Thus if the BETWEEN term ends up being used as an index constraint no tests are ever performed on that term. (source optoverview.html)

R-50299-05307-25514-21202-52371-12958-26129-48124

When an applicable constraint violation occurs, the IGNORE resolution algorithm skips the one row that contains the constraint violation and continues processing subsequent rows of the SQL statement as if nothing went wrong. (source lang_conflict.html, checked-by: th3/req1/conflict01.test)

R-50321-17074-07850-16410-29565-54320-62650-56739

This routine returns metadata about a specific column of a specific database table accessible using the database connection handle passed as the first function argument. (source c3ref/table_column_metadata.html)

R-50329-17145-27119-54152-42841-36375-05497-15742

If a query contains sub-selects, either as part of the FROM clause or as part of SQL expressions, then the output of EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN also includes a report for each sub-select. (source eqp.html, checked-by: th3/req1/eqp01.test)

R-50436-30597-52741-48231-49256-06993-48572-34850

The list of query parameters appended to the xOpen filename is terminated by a single zero-length key. (source uri.html)

R-50437-53270-64199-48076-12233-35385-13777-56267

The first argument is a pointer to an sqlite3_rtree_geometry structure which provides information about how the SQL function was invoked. (source rtree.html)

R-50442-34254-35455-58700-58965-62142-32020-28485

For nested transactions, use the SAVEPOINT and RELEASE commands. (source lang_transaction.html)

R-50479-38141-17486-25121-60764-22579-08326-61073

The sqlite3_strglob(P,X) function is case sensitive. (source c3ref/strglob.html)

R-50503-22862-13388-40598-38770-05008-28550-22955

It is harmless, apart from the wasted memory, for the sz parameter to be larger than necessary. (source c3ref/c_config_covering_index_scan.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/main42.test)

R-50542-62589-12148-25496-57313-35082-62636-01906

If the row that a BLOB handle points to is modified by an UPDATE, DELETE, or by ON CONFLICT side-effects then the BLOB handle is marked as "expired". This is true if any column of the row is changed, even a column other than the one the BLOB handle is open on. (source c3ref/blob_open.html, checked-by: tcl/e_blobopen.test)

R-50551-20166-10060-53242-13172-15723-06354-52489

In any database file that contains ptrmap pages, all b-tree root pages must come before any non-root b-tree page, cell payload overflow page, or freelist page. (source fileformat2.html)

R-50561-21716-49344-62594-61737-43195-59179-37313

SQLITE_NOMEM is returned if malloc() fails. (source c3ref/bind_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/bind01.test)

R-50578-26484-60015-06758-51752-02916-33934-51751

The default setting for auto-vacuum is 0 or "none", unless the SQLITE_DEFAULT_AUTOVACUUM compile-time option is used. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma07.test)

R-50610-58991-40013-53389-28738-38932-29911-53900

Database locks obtained by a connection in EXCLUSIVE mode may be released either by closing the database connection, or by setting the locking-mode back to NORMAL using this pragma and then accessing the database file (for read or write). (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma04.test)

R-50629-09283-02529-31024-03182-51396-04180-35688

The trim(X,Y) function returns a string formed by removing any and all characters that appear in Y from both ends of X. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/func03.test)

R-50658-17415-26867-64238-49618-34933-22371-53108

One is the usual increment. (source autoinc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/autoinc01.test)

R-50678-57776-62798-21946-06580-60998-12542-16606

If Y is an empty string then return X unchanged. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/func03.test)

R-50692-30432-42042-31887-42711-38421-24279-03942

The callback is invoked by SQLite after the commit has taken place and the associated write-lock on the database released, so the implementation may read, write or checkpoint the database as required. (source c3ref/wal_hook.html)

R-50747-49923-21483-58514-27398-43836-46861-05011

In WAL mode when synchronous is NORMAL (1), the WAL file is synchronized before each checkpoint and the database file is synchronized after each completed checkpoint and the WAL file header is synchronized when a WAL file begins to be reused after a checkpoint, but no sync operations occur during most transactions. (source pragma.html)

R-50761-32325-45623-21011-38075-29398-65285-24375

If the SQL statement being executed returns any data, then SQLITE_ROW is returned each time a new row of data is ready for processing by the caller. (source c3ref/step.html)

R-50775-16353-43388-35823-42786-57944-23203-27410

Aggregate max() returns NULL if and only if there are no non-NULL values in the group. (source lang_aggfunc.html, checked-by: slt/slt_lang_aggfunc.test, th3/req1/aggfunc01.test)

R-50779-31451-02741-56798-14558-26402-32929-36548

Regardless of the compile-time or start-time settings, URI filenames can be enabled for individual database connections by including the SQLITE_OPEN_URI bit in the set of bits passed as the F parameter to sqlite3_open_v2(N,P,F,V). (source uri.html, checked-by: th3/th3script.c)

R-50783-18148-34073-06561-41923-63733-07391-35046

SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_HIT This parameter returns the number malloc attempts that were satisfied using lookaside memory. Only the high-water value is meaningful; the current value is always zero. (source c3ref/c_dbstatus_options.html)

R-50786-24793-54635-21021-11581-63558-51983-08230

The sqlite3_backup_finish() interfaces releases all resources associated with the sqlite3_backup object. (source c3ref/backup_finish.html)

R-50811-36721-38303-45762-44578-12408-00845-45536

Return the index of an SQL parameter given its name. (source c3ref/bind_parameter_index.html, checked-by: th3/req1/bind03.test)

R-50828-45890-20777-56094-65034-42170-55450-47345

PRAGMA synchronous; PRAGMA synchronous = 0 | OFF | 1 | NORMAL | 2 | FULL; Query or change the setting of the "synchronous" flag. (source pragma.html)

R-50848-12841-20813-56140-49872-26884-10100-43197

The sqlite3_realloc(X,N) interface attempts to resize a prior memory allocation X to be at least N bytes. (source c3ref/free.html, checked-by: th3/req1/malloc02.test)

R-50854-53979-53797-24039-01336-17260-53892-24252

If the flags parameter is non-zero, then the BLOB is opened for read and write access. (source c3ref/blob_open.html, checked-by: tcl/e_blobopen.test)

R-50876-17388-14336-15803-07010-49660-37830-24868

The pragmas schema_version and user_version are used to set or get the value of the schema-version and user-version, respectively. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma28.test)

R-50892-45943-46066-37296-36419-10149-27380-46800

sqlite> EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT count(*) FROM (SELECT max(b) AS x FROM t1 GROUP BY a) GROUP BY x; 1|0|0|SCAN TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i2 0|0|0|SCAN SUBQUERY 1 0|0|0|USE TEMP B-TREE FOR GROUP BY (source eqp.html, checked-by: tcl/eqp.test)

R-50920-12644-05555-11139-45005-54781-24239-28471

After a BEGIN IMMEDIATE, no other database connection will be able to write to the database or do a BEGIN IMMEDIATE or BEGIN EXCLUSIVE. (source lang_transaction.html)

R-50943-18433-57597-04082-04676-55042-26161-32461

Frequent inserts, updates, and deletes can cause the database file to become fragmented - where data for a single table or index is scattered around the database file. (source lang_vacuum.html, checked-by: tcl/e_vacuum.test)

R-50953-26869-09407-63329-65116-60500-37653-24297

For example, to find all bounding boxes that overlap the Charlotte area: SELECT id FROM demo_index WHERE maxX>=-81.08 AND minX=35.00 AND minY (source rtree.html)

R-50962-21157-55350-61372-15327-22326-52750-26645

Let M be ((U-12)*32/255)-23. If P is greater than U-35 then the number of byte stored on the b-tree leaf page is the smaller of M+((P-M)%(U-4)) and U-35. (source fileformat2.html)

R-50991-36730-61115-19569-38902-10025-13040-27195

The julianday() function returns the Julian day - the number of days since noon in Greenwich on November 24, 4714 B.C. (Proleptic Gregorian calendar). (source lang_datefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/date01.test)

R-51001-58728-23268-57802-19223-01595-20066-01281

If sqlite3_malloc() fails during the processing of either routine (for example during a conversion from UTF-8 to UTF-16) then a NULL pointer is returned. (source c3ref/column_name.html)

R-51011-20077-64132-12410-55765-38017-02998-57581

The results of an ANALYZE command are only available to database connections that are opened after the ANALYZE command completes. (source optoverview.html)

R-51036-62828-44625-46383-56067-56867-38399-20881

PRAGMA cache_spill; PRAGMA cache_spill=boolean; (source pragma.html, checked-by: tcl/pragma2.test)

R-51039-44840-65130-09775-42940-11077-05048-04287

The foreign key declared as part of table child4 is an error because even though the parent key column is indexed, the index is not UNIQUE. (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys07.test)

R-51077-27219-05589-60630-09467-24342-14957-57780

The sqlite3_bind_parameter_name(P,N) interface returns the name of the N-th SQL parameter in the prepared statement P. (source c3ref/bind_parameter_name.html, checked-by: th3/req1/bind04.test)

R-51090-01319-14064-12731-11996-25271-12036-18507

To specify a ROWID manually, just include it in the list of values to be inserted. For example: CREATE TABLE test1(a INT, b TEXT); INSERT INTO test1(rowid, a, b) VALUES(123, 5, 'hello'); (source autoinc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/autoinc01.test)

R-51132-22354-55296-53634-47929-60689-49370-19301

The fragment is optional. If present, it is ignored. (source uri.html)

R-51136-58806-61234-62019-55007-59360-42389-06217

The SQLITE_CONFIG_GETMUTEX option takes a single argument which is a pointer to an instance of the sqlite3_mutex_methods structure. The sqlite3_mutex_methods structure is filled with the currently defined mutex routines. (source c3ref/c_config_covering_index_scan.html, checked-by: th3/th3main.c)

R-51188-10511-53486-13467-33183-09537-36166-58492

In a well-formed database, all children of an interior b-tree have the same depth. (source fileformat2.html)

R-51202-43754-48199-60556-57882-64692-40949-61434

The last transaction started will be the first transaction committed or rolled back. (source lang_savepoint.html)

R-51206-57397-04624-50040-55912-00290-07116-44966

The sqlite3_result_int() interface sets the return value of the application-defined function to be the 32-bit signed integer value given in the 2nd argument. (source c3ref/result_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/result01.test)

R-51213-46414-44836-21808-03706-65472-27222-00802

The SQLITE_CONFIG_GETMALLOC option takes a single argument which is a pointer to an instance of the sqlite3_mem_methods structure. The sqlite3_mem_methods structure is filled with the currently defined memory allocation routines. (source c3ref/c_config_covering_index_scan.html, checked-by: src/main.c, th3/th3oom.c)

R-51232-50224-58506-40920-61688-18757-44131-05457

The collation sequence used to compare two text values is determined as if the columns of the left and right-hand SELECT statements were the left and right-hand operands of the equals (=) operator, except that greater precedence is not assigned to a collation sequence specified with the postfix COLLATE operator. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-51243-03259-14628-62602-22056-51212-17455-10922

Otherwise, the BINARY collating function is used for comparison. (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_09.test)

R-51247-30732-42040-45560-24413-23058-07649-15585

The subquery is not DISTINCT. (source optoverview.html)

R-51255-43746-15106-11095-25505-08076-41908-14797

For example, given the database schema: CREATE TABLE t1(c1 VARIANT); and the following statement to be compiled: SELECT c1 + 1, c1 FROM t1; this routine would return the string "VARIANT" for the second result column (i==1), and a NULL pointer for the first result column (i==0). (source c3ref/column_decltype.html)

R-51278-32108-12212-46077-36246-55134-53199-48747

SQLite interprets the error message string from sqlite3_result_error() as UTF-8. (source c3ref/result_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/result01.test)

R-51323-12432-10115-25604-37361-38665-02530-63723

The sqlite_stat4.nDLt column holds a list of N integers where the K-th integers is the approximate number of entries in the index that are distinct in the first K columns and that are whose left-most K columns are collectively less than the left-most K columns of the sample. (source fileformat2.html)

R-51332-60960-52674-22540-45151-35167-25354-18137

Zero or more escape sequences of the form "%HH" (where H represents any hexadecimal digit) can occur in the path, query string, or fragment. (source uri.html)

R-51343-23764-31964-03774-37293-59817-59078-38155

This technique allows multiple concurrent readers to view different versions of the database content simultaneously. (source fileformat2.html)

R-51351-46040-41242-47423-32245-43014-65487-00017

In some pragmas, the database name is meaningless and is simply ignored. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma01.test)

R-51358-63229-53880-11808-10105-25877-37226-63676

If the default VFS is unregistered, another VFS is chosen as the default. The choice for the new VFS is arbitrary. (source c3ref/vfs_find.html, checked-by: th3/req1/vfs01.test)

R-51359-17496-64791-11531-01433-14001-31199-61206

The infix LIKE operator is implemented by calling the application-defined SQL functions like(Y,X) or like(Y,X,Z). (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-51370-13632-41258-48157-25813-10718-36175-44493

If the integer at offset 52 is zero then pointer-map (ptrmap) pages are omitted from the database file and neither auto_vacuum nor incremental_vacuum are supported. (source fileformat2.html)

R-51414-32910-11625-05562-19787-23325-64160-35214

Except for WITHOUT ROWID tables, all rows within SQLite tables have a 64-bit signed integer key that uniquely identifies the row within its table. (source lang_createtable.html, checked-by: src/resolve.c)

R-51415-29417-45054-21593-06367-21314-00949-64320

Within a single database connection X, a SELECT statement always sees all changes to the database that are completed prior to the start of the SELECT statement, whether committed or uncommitted. (source isolation.html)

R-51445-09984-56297-19281-17742-25631-52037-59978

The return value of the sqlite3_threadsafe() function shows only the compile-time setting of thread safety, not any run-time changes to that setting made by sqlite3_config(). In other words, the return value from sqlite3_threadsafe() is unchanged by calls to sqlite3_config(). (source c3ref/threadsafe.html, checked-by: th3/th3main.c)

R-51463-25634-03361-45717-43677-30720-21925-17287

Attempts to increase a limit above its hard upper bound are silently truncated to the hard upper bound. (source c3ref/limit.html, checked-by: src/main.c, th3/req1/limit01.test)

R-51469-36013-06451-37309-14378-27141-44520-41230

Unless SQLite is running in "auto_vacuum=FULL" mode, when a large amount of data is deleted from the database file it leaves behind empty space, or "free" database pages. (source lang_vacuum.html, checked-by: tcl/e_vacuum.test)

R-51478-11146-41529-00991-24938-53832-30881-29241

A trigger may be specified to fire whenever a DELETE, INSERT, or UPDATE of a particular database table occurs, or whenever an UPDATE occurs on on one or more specified columns of a table. (source lang_createtrigger.html, checked-by: slt/slt_lang_createtrigger.test)

R-51513-12026-58956-15151-33280-52344-26081-14635

The last_insert_rowid() SQL function is a wrapper around the sqlite3_last_insert_rowid() C/C++ interface function. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: src/func.c)

R-51517-40824-40012-37469-09201-20241-42443-20040

If a REAL is greater than the greatest possible signed integer (+9223372036854775807) then the result is the greatest possible signed integer and if the REAL is less than the least possible signed integer (-9223372036854775808) then the result is the least possible signed integer. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-51589-21047-55624-25191-60611-24178-35591-54439

The fifth argument, xCallback, is a pointer to the collating function. (source c3ref/create_collation.html, checked-by: th3/req1/createcoll01.test)

R-51594-01886-40324-04229-65116-14684-49683-32490

The blocked connections unlock-notify callback may also be canceled by closing the blocked connection using sqlite3_close(). (source c3ref/unlock_notify.html)

R-51608-43497-31902-60107-31973-18527-41260-25807

However, if SQLite is compiled with the SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINIT compile-time option, then the automatic calls to sqlite3_initialize() are omitted and the application must call sqlite3_initialize() directly prior to using any other SQLite interface. (source c3ref/initialize.html)

R-51689-46548-01385-34358-38620-06240-42232-09514

If URI handling is globally enabled, all filenames passed to sqlite3_open(), sqlite3_open_v2(), sqlite3_open16() or specified as part of ATTACH commands are interpreted as URIs, regardless of whether or not the SQLITE_OPEN_URI flag is set when the database connection is opened. (source c3ref/c_config_covering_index_scan.html, checked-by: src/main.c)

R-51717-16874-57746-23780-03416-60181-48500-48749

The sqlite3_value objects that are passed as parameters into the implementation of application-defined SQL functions are protected. (source c3ref/value.html, checked-by: th3/req1/value01.test)

R-51848-06142-00211-08018-28076-33620-42817-53867

When grouping values with the GROUP BY clause values with different storage classes are considered distinct, except for INTEGER and REAL values which are considered equal if they are numerically equal. (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_07.test)

R-51849-15852-01721-49206-07191-28976-11047-33073

This routine can be used to find the number of SQL parameters in a prepared statement. (source c3ref/bind_parameter_count.html, checked-by: th3/req1/bindparamcnt01.test)

R-51873-39618-36887-07740-29910-44227-64994-45614

The page size for a database file is determined by the 2-byte integer located at an offset of 16 bytes from the beginning of the database file. (source fileformat2.html)

R-51885-22945-13735-45717-24021-29019-43116-06433

If the fourth parameter is a NULL pointer then the default sqlite3_vfs object is used. (source c3ref/open.html)

R-51885-42713-13450-15041-37294-08802-56652-50878

If an sqlite3 object is destroyed while a transaction is open, the transaction is automatically rolled back. (source c3ref/close.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/main23.test)

R-51928-56409-25580-29954-36146-50977-06316-16623

If the Y argument is omitted, it is assumed to be 0. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/func02.test)

R-51971-34154-03806-52008-63597-27653-22801-35864

A value of 3 means UTF-16be. (source fileformat2.html)

R-51988-01124-61073-07192-64442-28469-58291-20254

The single row of result-set data created by evaluating the aggregate and non-aggregate expressions in the result-set forms the result of an aggregate query without a GROUP BY clause. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-52009-56800-02876-38410-52331-04439-27959-64251

When the same named SQL parameter is used more than once, second and subsequent occurrences have the same index as the first occurrence. (source c3ref/bind_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/bind01.test)

R-52058-53560-05683-08265-32399-18917-51840-34472

The difference between this pragma and cache_size is that the value set here persists across database connections. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma09.test)

R-52064-29026-64235-14547-56898-38639-53411-40731

Then valid content of the WAL is transferred into the database file. (source fileformat2.html)

R-52075-50256-20099-08079-26279-42286-42612-03538

WAL databases can be accessed in EXCLUSIVE mode without the use of shared memory. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma05.test)

R-52087-12043-18539-27674-65294-02537-52169-03316

The GLOB operator is similar to LIKE but uses the Unix file globbing syntax for its wildcards. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-52095-61560-15875-18075-33970-20286-17473-17110

Compute the time since the unix epoch in seconds (like strftime('%s','now') except includes fractional part): SELECT (julianday('now') - 2440587.5)*86400.0; (source lang_datefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/date01.test)

R-52112-44167-29557-32082-32253-19519-12143-63610

Disable the authorizer by installing a NULL callback. (source c3ref/set_authorizer.html)

R-52129-08912-02677-16711-14942-51135-37066-54539

Otherwise the two pragmas are the same. (source pragma.html)

R-52133-27554-45735-12827-00228-57600-39512-14706

The mmapped file is in the same directory as the database and has the same name as the database with a "-shm" suffix appended. (source fileformat2.html)

R-52155-58082-26086-07987-14656-12581-61413-44017

The database file is truncated by the same amount. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma21.test)

R-52173-30215-53600-04024-57111-07523-42614-02715

A new entry is inserted into the table for each row of data returned by executing the SELECT statement. (source lang_insert.html, checked-by: tcl/e_insert.test)

R-52173-44778-34853-40579-46358-28940-10008-53316

The REINDEX command is used to delete and recreate indices from scratch. (source lang_reindex.html, checked-by: slt/slt_lang_reindex.test, tcl/e_reindex.test)

R-52186-13726-13182-41140-39915-38956-00015-42302

When temp_store is MEMORY (2) temporary tables and indices are kept in as if they were pure in-memory databases memory. (source pragma.html)

R-52223-27275-49862-60499-62848-12500-30975-52178

The update hook is not invoked when internal system tables are modified (i.e. sqlite_master and sqlite_sequence). (source c3ref/update_hook.html, checked-by: tcl/hook.test)

R-52227-24890-51100-17044-40956-25330-61806-31356

At this time SQLite supports only FOR EACH ROW triggers, not FOR EACH STATEMENT triggers. (source lang_createtrigger.html)

R-52275-55503-36173-27620-56866-61017-01277-04274

When the right operand is an empty set, the result of IN is false and the result of NOT IN is true, regardless of the left operand and even if the left operand is NULL. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: slt/in1.test, slt/in2.test, tcl/tkt-80e031a00f.test)

R-52283-25228-19541-55999-19496-13674-36111-40642

This second query would find both entry 1 (the SQLite.org office) which is entirely contained within the query box and also the 12th Congressional District which extends well outside the query box but still overlaps the query box. (source rtree.html)

R-52293-58497-02008-48685-44667-03336-29126-34066

If this option is set to an empty string the default VFS object is used. (source c3ref/open.html, checked-by: tcl/e_uri.test)

R-52324-04086-24847-26987-35436-53811-31141-55641

No error is returned when the IGNORE conflict resolution algorithm is used. (source lang_conflict.html, checked-by: th3/req1/conflict01.test)

R-52324-13814-42283-42747-08778-19058-01136-41555

If the resetFlg is true, then the counter is reset to zero after this interface call returns. (source c3ref/stmt_status.html)

R-52382-54248-22062-55622-65270-38332-60427-10536

Each table in SQLite may have at most one PRIMARY KEY. (source lang_createtable.html, checked-by: tcl/e_createtable.test)

R-52416-32346-43707-53690-51782-13807-57245-45566

The sqlite3_int64 variable pointed to by the T parameter will be set to the total number of times that the X-th loop has run. (source c3ref/c_scanstat_est.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/status02.test)

R-52422-13996-14748-65406-33477-57912-42976-47996

This optimization is completely invisible at the SQL level and can only be detected by examining the raw bits of the database file. (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_12.test)

R-52434-46026-48049-27621-04502-40927-07600-17066


(source lang_update.html)

R-52476-28732-49113-60930-43191-11602-63829-33469

If the new limit is a negative number, the limit is unchanged. (source c3ref/limit.html, checked-by: src/main.c, th3/req1/limit01.test)

R-52479-14335-30324-56170-28904-55659-58035-31825

If the sqlite_sequence row for an AUTOINCREMENT table does not exist when the AUTOINCREMENT table is updated, then a new sqlite_sequence row is created. (source fileformat2.html)

R-52486-21352-15520-42418-18389-29845-28843-27004

Expressed in SQL, this means that for every row in the track table, the following expression evaluates to true: trackartist IS NULL OR EXISTS(SELECT 1 FROM artist WHERE artistid=trackartist) (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys01.test)

R-52490-53925-39695-49302-43468-63835-02742-33865


(source lang_altertable.html)

R-52494-36749-63981-51564-54926-02873-46485-09219

SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_WRITE This parameter returns the number of dirty cache entries that have been written to disk. Specifically, the number of pages written to the wal file in wal mode databases, or the number of pages written to the database file in rollback mode databases. Any pages written as part of transaction rollback or database recovery operations are not included. If an IO or other error occurs while writing a page to disk, the effect on subsequent SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_WRITE requests is undefined. (source c3ref/c_dbstatus_options.html)

R-52502-32617-59424-01442-19182-34788-24122-07279

If a suffix is added to the zFilename parameter, it will consist of a single "-" character followed by no more than 11 alphanumeric and/or "-" characters. (source c3ref/vfs.html, checked-by: th3/th3testvfs.c)

R-52572-02078-29727-01284-61421-00978-11983-52043

For the purposes of determining the uniqueness of primary key values, NULL values are considered distinct from all other values, including other NULLs. (source lang_createtable.html, checked-by: tcl/e_createtable.test)

R-52584-04009-09183-39351-22068-55932-63814-54169

The rowid value can be accessed using one of the special case-independent names "rowid", "oid", or "_rowid_" in place of a column name. (source lang_createtable.html, checked-by: tcl/e_createtable.test)

R-52585-35928-11217-60344-47086-04619-13740-01929

The max() aggregate function returns the maximum value of all values in the group. (source lang_aggfunc.html, checked-by: slt/slt_lang_aggfunc.test, th3/req1/aggfunc01.test)

R-52629-38967-65267-07230-17348-21667-50787-63164

The first parameter passed to the callback function when it is invoked is a copy of the third parameter passed to sqlite3_wal_hook() when registering the callback. (source c3ref/wal_hook.html)

R-52638-40483-64904-57206-41972-21673-15082-17271

All terms of the WHERE clause are analyzed to see if they can be satisfied using indices. (source optoverview.html)

R-52669-16467-62181-15890-38253-37577-17953-50258

The first parameter is the prepared statement that implements the SELECT statement. (source c3ref/column_name.html)

R-52722-37312-59730-59343-41826-18723-03600-14255

The third parameter is a pointer to the implementation of the virtual table module. (source c3ref/create_module.html)

R-52747-41357-44885-51166-33553-21008-38098-18892

In some cases, VACUUM may also reduce the number of partially filled pages in the database, reducing the size of the database file further. (source lang_vacuum.html)

R-52756-41993-17034-10899-10921-49986-45271-10557

This function is a wrapper around the sqlite3_total_changes() C/C++ interface. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: src/func.c)

R-52765-50368-61769-61482-53990-53504-23409-31144

Before the path or query components of a URI filename are interpreted, they are encoded using UTF-8 and all hexadecimal escape sequences replaced by a single byte containing the corresponding octet. (source c3ref/open.html, checked-by: tcl/e_uri.test)

R-52786-44878-02459-51231-59841-41905-39578-10951

SQLite defines three built-in collating functions: (source fileformat2.html)

R-52830-19955-18632-16869-37447-04753-28772-23279

A URI filename can optionally be followed by a query string. (source uri.html)

R-52864-57317-33695-37364-46935-23221-38785-50224

For rows that define views, triggers, and virtual tables, the rootpage column is 0 or NULL. (source fileformat2.html)

R-52874-10360-37775-63380-13039-47698-21027-19281

If the locking mode is NORMAL when first entering WAL journal mode, then the locking mode can be changed between NORMAL and EXCLUSIVE and back again at any time and without needing to exit WAL journal mode. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma05.test)

R-52885-58365-34589-60224-33569-54251-15646-22637

The highwater mark associated with SQLITE_DBSTATUS_SCHEMA_USED is always 0. (source c3ref/c_dbstatus_options.html, checked-by: th3/req1/dbstatus01.test, th3/req1/dbstatus02.test)

R-52892-55360-15524-03344-29674-00712-56313-40382

This routine registers an authorizer callback with a particular database connection, supplied in the first argument. (source c3ref/set_authorizer.html)

R-52918-29603-61249-39870-15213-51167-58462-10808

Names are case sensitive. (source c3ref/vfs_find.html, checked-by: th3/req1/vfs01.test)

R-52940-53106-43126-08219-27163-02651-42624-21494

SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_MISS_FULL This parameter returns the number malloc attempts that might have been satisfied using lookaside memory but failed due to all lookaside memory already being in use. Only the high-water value is meaningful; the current value is always zero. (source c3ref/c_dbstatus_options.html)

R-52944-64228-64118-58952-09671-12918-63425-40021

The following is a complete list of valid strftime() substitutions: %d day of month: 00 %f fractional seconds: SS.SSS %H hour: 00-24 %j day of year: 001-366 %J Julian day number %m month: 01-12 %M minute: 00-59 %s seconds since 1970-01-01 %S seconds: 00-59 %w day of week 0-6 with Sunday==0 %W week of year: 00-53 %Y year: 0000-9999 %% % (source lang_datefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/date01.test)

R-52949-04679-63640-64673-56558-51308-22602-53102

When synchronous is FULL (2), the SQLite database engine will use the xSync method of the VFS to ensure that all content is safely written to the disk surface prior to continuing. (source pragma.html)

R-52979-05948-62253-13959-08616-19782-00231-65048

The sqlite3_create_module() interface is equivalent to sqlite3_create_module_v2() with a NULL destructor. (source c3ref/create_module.html)

R-53010-63100-48596-37758-55156-50818-27273-22273

SQLITE_DBSTATUS_SCHEMA_USED This parameter returns the approximate number of bytes of heap memory used to store the schema for all databases associated with the connection - main, temp, and any ATTACH-ed databases. (source c3ref/c_dbstatus_options.html, checked-by: th3/req1/dbstatus02.test)

R-53084-07740-56303-11732-40527-47126-44561-51023

An error is raised if the "AUTOINCREMENT" keyword is used in the CREATE TABLE statement for a WITHOUT ROWID table. (source withoutrowid.html, checked-by: tcl/without_rowid5.test, th3/cov1/withoutrowid01.test)

R-53088-19343-27677-16808-20266-14528-30816-49365

The incremental blob I/O routines can only read or overwriting existing blob content; they cannot change the size of a blob. (source c3ref/blob_bytes.html, checked-by: tcl/e_blobbytes.test, th3/cov1/vdbeblob01.test)

R-53099-14426-29346-17813-35365-40265-31413-38800

A special SQL function RAISE() may be used within a trigger-program, (source lang_createtrigger.html)

R-53195-24238-49524-21833-03175-16230-23443-12553

If sqlite3_backup_step(B,N) successfully finishes copying all pages from source to destination, then it returns SQLITE_DONE. (source c3ref/backup_finish.html, checked-by: th3/req1/backup03.test)

R-53201-01290-50295-51716-63557-40807-32035-47874

The content of each SQL table row is stored in the database file by first combining the values in the various columns into a byte array in the record format, then storing that byte array as the payload in an entry in the table b-tree. (source fileformat2.html)

R-53205-22341-54375-46881-03757-15307-06901-24042

The fourth parameter, eTextRep, specifies what text encoding this SQL function prefers for its parameters. (source c3ref/create_function.html, checked-by: th3/req1/createfunc04.test)

R-53212-31827-50531-28804-40351-35480-14928-34534

This function is used to move an existing blob handle so that it points to a different row of the same database table. (source c3ref/blob_reopen.html, checked-by: th3/req1/blob01.test)

R-53215-27584-18525-51882-25660-37940-21919-06094

If it is used by the second or subsequent such statement within a trigger program, the value returned reflects the number of rows modified by the previous INSERT, UPDATE or DELETE statement within the same trigger. (source c3ref/changes.html, checked-by: tcl/e_changes.test)

R-53229-04634-06681-05835-45389-19140-46587-51765


(source lang_altertable.html)

R-53264-40062-38571-39514-17235-18477-59967-25878

If the Nth column returned by the statement is an expression or subquery and is not a column value, then all of these functions return NULL. (source c3ref/column_database_name.html)

R-53334-49168-61696-52419-22788-21864-59883-48546

For the index above and WHERE clause like this: ... WHERE a=5 AND b IN (1,2,3) AND c>12 AND d='hello' Only columns a, b, and c of the index would be usable. The d column would not be usable because it occurs to the right of c and c is constrained only by inequalities. (source optoverview.html)

R-53341-35419-60805-00614-53630-15165-00520-17900

Regardless of whether or not the limit was changed, the sqlite3_limit() interface returns the prior value of the limit. (source c3ref/limit.html, checked-by: src/main.c, th3/req1/limit01.test)

R-53354-47195-06587-01867-57045-45178-06835-07822

CREATE TABLE t1( x INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, a, /* collating sequence BINARY */ b COLLATE BINARY, /* collating sequence BINARY */ c COLLATE RTRIM, /* collating sequence RTRIM */ d COLLATE NOCASE /* collating sequence NOCASE */ ); /* x a b c d */ INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1,'abc','abc', 'abc ','abc'); INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(2,'abc','abc', 'abc', 'ABC'); INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(3,'abc','abc', 'abc ', 'Abc'); INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(4,'abc','abc ','ABC', 'abc'); /* Text comparison a=b is performed using the BINARY collating sequence. */ SELECT x FROM t1 WHERE a = b ORDER BY x; --result 1 2 3 /* Text comparison a=b is performed using the RTRIM collating sequence. */ SELECT x FROM t1 WHERE a = b COLLATE RTRIM ORDER BY x; --result 1 2 3 4 /* Text comparison d=a is performed using the NOCASE collating sequence. */ SELECT x FROM t1 WHERE d = a ORDER BY x; --result 1 2 3 4 /* Text comparison a=d is performed using the BINARY collating sequence. */ SELECT x FROM t1 WHERE a = d ORDER BY x; --result 1 4 /* Text comparison 'abc'=c is performed using the RTRIM collating sequence. */ SELECT x FROM t1 WHERE 'abc' = c ORDER BY x; --result 1 2 3 /* Text comparison c='abc' is performed using the RTRIM collating sequence. */ SELECT x FROM t1 WHERE c = 'abc' ORDER BY x; --result 1 2 3 /* Grouping is performed using the NOCASE collating sequence (Values ** 'abc', 'ABC', and 'Abc' are placed in the same group). */ SELECT count(*) FROM t1 GROUP BY d ORDER BY 1; --result 4 /* Grouping is performed using the BINARY collating sequence. 'abc' and ** 'ABC' and 'Abc' form different groups */ SELECT count(*) FROM t1 GROUP BY (d || '') ORDER BY 1; --result 1 1 2 /* Sorting or column c is performed using the RTRIM collating sequence. */ SELECT x FROM t1 ORDER BY c, x; --result 4 1 2 3 /* Sorting of (c||'') is performed using the BINARY collating sequence. */ SELECT x FROM t1 ORDER BY (c||''), x; --result 4 2 3 1 /* Sorting of column c is performed using the NOCASE collating sequence. */ SELECT x FROM t1 ORDER BY c COLLATE NOCASE, x; --result 2 4 3 1 (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_08.test)

R-53367-43190-16013-34482-35638-20487-30911-18864

If either argument to this option is negative, then that argument is changed to its compile-time default. (source c3ref/c_config_covering_index_scan.html, checked-by: src/main.c)

R-53367-44371-39189-42145-26716-53190-00022-58526

An expression of the form "CAST(expr AS type)" has an affinity that is the same as a column with a declared type of "type". (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_05.test)

R-53378-00429-63656-00839-65291-28098-14033-06508

If this variable is a NULL pointer, then SQLite performs a search for an appropriate temporary file directory. (source c3ref/temp_directory.html)

R-53396-21131-15528-14238-10778-33068-40002-19251

Whether or not any conversions are attempted before the comparison takes place depends on the affinity of the operands. (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_05.test)

R-53436-40973-13105-02748-62500-49771-13394-01786

The likely(X) function is equivalent to likelihood(X,0.9375). (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: src/resolve.c)

R-53473-04519-45856-48059-38257-59187-05509-43871

If the Nth column of the result set is an expression or subquery, then a NULL pointer is returned. (source c3ref/column_decltype.html)

R-53478-59161-12237-18673-01094-03147-04077-16034

The flags argument to xAccess() may be SQLITE_ACCESS_EXISTS to test for the existence of a file, or SQLITE_ACCESS_READWRITE to test whether a file is readable and writable, or SQLITE_ACCESS_READ to test whether a file is at least readable. (source c3ref/vfs.html, checked-by: th3/th3testvfs.c)

R-53479-41922-39952-24779-27153-12886-60849-40367

A 4-dimensional R*Tree has 9 columns. (source rtree.html)

R-53505-01828-44329-62678-22950-03794-01329-32376

The lookaside memory configuration for a database connection can only be changed when that connection is not currently using lookaside memory, or in other words when the "current value" returned by sqlite3_db_status(D,SQLITE_CONFIG_LOOKASIDE,...) is zero. Any attempt to change the lookaside memory configuration when lookaside memory is in use leaves the configuration unchanged and returns SQLITE_BUSY. (source c3ref/c_dbconfig_enable_fkey.html, checked-by: th3/req1/dbconfig01.test)

R-53520-01610-10679-40002-23178-34440-17674-23927

The sqlite3_backup_step() might return SQLITE_READONLY if the destination database was opened read-only, or the destination database is using write-ahead-log journaling and the destination and source page sizes differ, or the destination database is an in-memory database and the destination and source page sizes differ. (source c3ref/backup_finish.html)

R-53528-47027-65277-23622-06185-25684-15860-07330

BINARY - Compares string data using memcmp(), regardless of text encoding. (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_09.test)

R-53536-42575-40544-57743-11521-12112-01903-53371

The sqlite3_libversion() function returns a pointer to the to the sqlite3_version[] string constant. (source c3ref/libversion.html, checked-by: src/main.c)

R-53547-37067-09638-20252-03189-64013-38251-09094

This pragma is a no-op within a transaction; foreign key constraint enforcement may only be enabled or disabled when there is no pending BEGIN or SAVEPOINT. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma18.test)

R-53616-44976-53258-27874-41737-39198-42932-65114

If no column-list is specified then the number of values inserted into each row must be the same as the number of columns in the table. (source lang_insert.html, checked-by: tcl/e_insert.test)

R-53670-03373-29503-41803-42706-56849-33971-45159

The unary operator + is a no-op. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-53691-30751-62031-38708-40334-09664-05197-36475

The main database file has the name "main". (source c3ref/db_filename.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/attach04.test)

R-53735-47017-47286-05670-21598-63500-17525-58856

If the expression is an aggregate expression, it is evaluated across all rows in the group. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-53739-41794-61362-55314-61050-59238-26275-11948

If this global variable is made to point to a string which is the name of a folder (a.k.a. directory), then all temporary files created by SQLite when using a built-in VFS will be placed in that directory. (source c3ref/temp_directory.html)

R-53739-48047-10287-11519-42885-23496-56458-39764

The new row must meet the same criteria as for sqlite3_blob_open() - it must exist and there must be either a blob or text value stored in the nominated column. (source c3ref/blob_reopen.html, checked-by: th3/req1/blob01.test)

R-53759-57366-14099-11673-51182-17816-42165-23586

The exact same sqlite3_rtree_geometry structure is used for every callback for same MATCH operator in the same query. (source rtree.html)

R-53782-41596-18711-17394-59679-49399-55234-36791

The argument N is the maximum number of bytes of the database file that will be accessed using memory-mapped I/O. (source pragma.html)

R-53793-01501-62422-43131-49651-55331-55568-38950


(source lang_delete.html)

R-53823-17833-20460-44560-16050-65025-22610-54237

The sqlite3_wal_checkpoint(D,X) interface initiates a PASSIVE checkpoint. (source c3ref/wal_checkpoint.html)

R-53840-04566-60870-24364-04261-56819-05766-28477

If the specified column is "rowid", "oid" or "_rowid_" and an INTEGER PRIMARY KEY column has been explicitly declared, then the output parameters are set for the explicitly declared column. (source c3ref/table_column_metadata.html)

R-53900-18983-14254-27441-52776-55824-16298-22482

SQLite will invoke the xMutexEnd() method when sqlite3_shutdown() is called, but only if the prior call to xMutexInit returned SQLITE_OK. (source c3ref/mutex_methods.html)

R-53924-08809-36668-27423-20589-58335-57366-25050

If there is more than one non-aggregate expression in the result-set, then all such expressions are evaluated for the same row. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-53938-27527-43335-12056-46528-12200-49434-41509

Only changes made directly by the INSERT, UPDATE or DELETE statement are considered - auxiliary changes caused by triggers, foreign key actions or REPLACE constraint resolution are not counted. (source c3ref/changes.html, checked-by: tcl/e_changes.test)

R-53946-02894-03994-04896-49185-13086-04703-60466

These routines return information about a single column of the current result row of a query. (source c3ref/column_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/column01.test, th3/req1/column02.test, th3/req1/column03.test)

R-53968-51642-29002-32833-59790-62444-61146-02233

Configuring an ON UPDATE or ON DELETE action does not mean that the foreign key constraint does not need to be satisfied. (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys18.test)

R-53980-12800-60180-40278-22190-42721-14037-38149

The parameter name must be given in UTF-8 even if the original statement was prepared from UTF-16 text using sqlite3_prepare16_v2(). (source c3ref/bind_parameter_index.html, checked-by: th3/req1/bind03.test)

R-53994-11873-49794-19921-48320-57211-64823-29959

The 4-byte big-endian integer at offset 60 is the user version which is set and queried by the user_version pragma. (source fileformat2.html)

R-53994-49363-33213-19869-13324-28404-40753-33810

If the authority section is omitted, then the path is an absolute pathname if it begins with the "/" character (ASCII code 0x2f) and is a relative pathname otherwise. (source uri.html)

R-54020-18969-35305-43404-58494-09530-16898-08730

The minimum key value is 1. (source c3ref/pcache_methods2.html, checked-by: th3/th3pcache.c)

R-54034-37639-41781-11443-11424-21021-61180-47109

If the 3rd parameter to the sqlite3_result_text* interfaces is negative, then SQLite takes result text from the 2nd parameter through the first zero character. (source c3ref/result_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/result02.test)

R-54035-60779-28299-56700-44695-40391-47008-32723

The soft heap limit is "soft" because even though SQLite strives to stay below the limit, it will exceed the limit rather than generate an SQLITE_NOMEM error. (source c3ref/soft_heap_limit64.html, checked-by: th3/req1/softheaplimit02.test)

R-54043-63736-37256-25763-10275-07807-60527-63818

SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_MISS_SIZE This parameter returns the number malloc attempts that might have been satisfied using lookaside memory but failed due to the amount of memory requested being larger than the lookaside slot size. Only the high-water value is meaningful; the current value is always zero. (source c3ref/c_dbstatus_options.html)

R-54046-48600-47086-52711-24230-00638-25946-34111

When comparing values as a result of a USING clause, the normal rules for handling affinities, collation sequences and NULL values in comparisons apply. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-54056-32692-17641-45055-32204-64266-46866-10760

An operand of a comparison is considered to have an explicit collating function assignment (rule 1 above) if any subexpression of the operand uses the postfix COLLATE operator. (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_09.test)

R-54070-42228-38469-35862-16733-44078-45306-08239

External mutex implementations are only required to provide these routines if SQLITE_DEBUG is defined and if NDEBUG is not defined. (source c3ref/mutex_held.html)

R-54100-20147-64333-16407-13054-37480-42962-25139

The highwater mark associated with SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_MISS is always 0. (source c3ref/c_dbstatus_options.html, checked-by: src/status.c)

R-54105-45069-36894-51687-59300-29186-60662-50296

Changing the foreign_keys setting affects the execution of all statements prepared using the database connection, including those prepared before the setting was changed. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma18.test)

R-54142-41346-32014-56293-25636-63110-30822-28140

The properties of the DROP TABLE and ALTER TABLE commands described above only apply if foreign keys are enabled. (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys22.test)

R-54239-31426-55452-55824-21990-15891-49986-64798

SQLite interprets the string from sqlite3_result_error16() as UTF-16 in native byte order. (source c3ref/result_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/result01.test)

R-54260-17937-27956-02792-29631-43521-06975-25593

When a new row is inserted into an SQLite table, the ROWID can either be specified as part of the INSERT statement or it can be assigned automatically by the database engine. (source autoinc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/autoinc01.test)

R-54272-29032-18669-23400-04748-20753-02544-31833

If N is negative, all remaining source pages are copied. (source c3ref/backup_finish.html, checked-by: th3/req1/backup03.test)

R-54311-01106-42501-53513-08065-15127-61126-46142

If the same thread tries to enter any other kind of mutex more than once, the behavior is undefined. SQLite will never exhibit such behavior in its own use of mutexes. (source c3ref/mutex_alloc.html, checked-by: th3/th3util.c)

R-54349-27488-43340-32008-63380-57974-11339-53896

This pragma uses sqlite3_create_function() to overload the LIKE and GLOB functions, which may override previous implementations of LIKE and GLOB registered by the application. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma10.test)

R-54378-38553-30727-53168-14484-58684-10446-07107

If numerical data is inserted into a column with TEXT affinity it is converted into text form before being stored. (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_01.test)

R-54466-46756-05959-55829-53224-11229-48614-30148

If SQLite is compiled with the SQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 compile-time option then it is not possible to change the threading mode from its default value of Single-thread and so sqlite3_config() will return SQLITE_ERROR if called with the SQLITE_CONFIG_SINGLETHREAD configuration option. (source c3ref/c_config_covering_index_scan.html, checked-by: src/main.c)

R-54470-63023-21139-04882-06661-43927-15074-46369

Let X be ((U-12)*64/255)-23). If the payload size P is less than or equal to X then the entire payload is stored on the b-tree page. (source fileformat2.html)

R-54493-30181-37798-05514-46235-61023-30019-39106

The sqlite3_soft_heap_limit64() interface sets and/or queries the soft limit on the amount of heap memory that may be allocated by SQLite. (source c3ref/soft_heap_limit64.html, checked-by: th3/req1/softheaplimit01.test)

R-54570-56961-44503-61162-35160-23196-51562-41516

If the SQLITE_OPEN_NOMUTEX flag is set, then the database connection opens in the multi-thread threading mode as long as the single-thread mode has not been set at compile-time or start-time. (source c3ref/open.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/main12.test)

R-54577-28142-28825-55724-03077-07669-46571-22310

If a database name is specified as part of an object reference, it must be either "main", or "temp" or the name of an attached database. (source lang_naming.html, checked-by: tcl/e_resolve.test)

R-54577-32145-57305-62671-23422-08381-26358-15334

Compute the date and time given a unix timestamp 1092941466. SELECT datetime(1092941466, 'unixepoch'); (source lang_datefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/date01.test)

R-54601-24304-11179-56514-33634-52647-04973-51125

If the fifth argument is the special value SQLITE_STATIC, then SQLite assumes that the information is in static, unmanaged space and does not need to be freed. (source c3ref/bind_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/bind01.test)

R-54611-06855-62690-60121-09688-57757-21462-60136

The expression following the WHERE clause may contain operators, literal values, and names of columns in the table being indexed. (source partialindex.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/index01.test)

R-54671-04027-22136-36062-14023-39261-02732-05176

The ifnull() function returns a copy of its first non-NULL argument, or NULL if both arguments are NULL. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/func01.test)

R-54702-17780-20915-24655-06816-59842-01536-54593

When a UNIQUE or PRIMARY KEY constraint violation occurs, the REPLACE algorithm deletes pre-existing rows that are causing the constraint violation prior to inserting or updating the current row and the command continues executing normally. (source lang_conflict.html, checked-by: th3/req1/conflict02.test)

R-54721-48557-63407-03546-07641-33336-53635-34168

If there is no ELSE expression and none of the WHEN expressions produce a result equal to the base expression, the overall result is NULL. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-54737-49034-36463-44594-64965-25751-29163-41666

The cell pointers are arranged in key order with left-most cell (the cell with the smallest key) first and the right-most cell (the cell with the largest key) last. (source fileformat2.html)

R-54755-39291-22328-03349-12952-06333-56270-04082

The PRIMARY KEY is optional for ordinary tables but is required for WITHOUT ROWID tables. (source lang_createtable.html, checked-by: tcl/e_createtable.test)

R-54780-55967-39790-26433-61749-36346-50867-30615

The datetime() function returns "YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM:SS". (source lang_datefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/date01.test)

R-54781-23071-09729-07904-20031-27691-48494-39961

The DROP TABLE command works on statistics tables as of SQLite version 3.7.9. (source lang_analyze.html, checked-by: th3/req1/analyze01.test)

R-54872-08741-62719-64632-51902-03049-34462-47837

Changes to a view that are intercepted by INSTEAD OF triggers are not counted. (source c3ref/total_changes.html, checked-by: tcl/e_totalchanges.test)

R-54898-34554-42956-11210-21105-01944-03178-39152

When casting a TEXT value to REAL, the longest possible prefix of the value that can be interpreted as a real number is extracted from the TEXT value and the remainder ignored. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-54914-35280-25250-15027-11750-01727-31556-09932

The checksum algorithm is as follows: s0 = s1 = 0 for i from 0 to n-1 step 2: s0 += x(i) + s1; s1 += x(i+1) + s0; endfor # result in s0 and s1 (source fileformat2.html)

R-54918-11103-44275-41655-39625-25925-11501-45553

If zVfsName is NULL then the default VFS is returned. (source c3ref/vfs_find.html, checked-by: th3/req1/vfs01.test)

R-54918-40364-64582-04260-06488-61576-53166-61478

If a faster non-recursive mutex implementation is available on the host platform, the mutex subsystem might return such a mutex in response to SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST. (source c3ref/mutex_alloc.html)

R-54925-42075-28504-27777-13871-37665-20055-23123

In a normal index, there is a one-to-one mapping between rows in a table and entries in each index associated with that table. (source fileformat2.html)

R-54935-19057-55411-14278-34768-16661-27190-25243

Or, if the SELECT statement would return less than N rows without a LIMIT clause, then the entire result set is returned. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-54961-28617-11438-13073-24028-16766-12231-36247

"SCAN" is used for a full-table scan, including cases where SQLite iterates through all records in a table in an order defined by an index. (source eqp.html, checked-by: th3/req1/eqp01.test)

R-54971-39725-56830-50400-02582-07563-61018-15429

The xCachesize() method may be called at any time by SQLite to set the suggested maximum cache-size (number of pages stored by) the cache instance passed as the first argument. This is the value configured using the SQLite "PRAGMA cache_size" command. (source c3ref/pcache_methods2.html)

R-55023-00019-59762-06016-18954-07202-22523-08332

If the database connection D is not in write-ahead log mode then this interface is a harmless no-op. (source c3ref/wal_checkpoint.html)

R-55025-21042-57260-24001-55816-18376-64535-50045

The identifier name in this case can include one or more occurrences of "::" and a suffix enclosed in "(...)" containing any text at all. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-55061-47754-54391-02401-15466-20656-29553-32154

The COLLATE clause specifies the name of a collating sequence to use as the default collation sequence for the column. (source lang_createtable.html, checked-by: tcl/e_createtable.test)

R-55069-12282-57104-06256-56752-59196-49409-09981

The default conflict resolution algorithm is ABORT. (source lang_conflict.html, checked-by: th3/req1/conflict03.test)

R-55147-47664-01653-03142-36497-30903-54815-06427

For as long as the user has an open transaction, the database is allowed to exist in a state that violates any number of deferred foreign key constraints. (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys12.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys14.test)

R-55189-15164-61309-44787-48881-65424-27276-43718

The sqlite3_initialize() routine is called internally by many other SQLite interfaces so that an application usually does not need to invoke sqlite3_initialize() directly. (source c3ref/initialize.html)

R-55269-29598-22145-31317-31671-53288-42244-17124

The localtime_r() C function normally only works for years between 1970 and 2037. For dates outside this range, SQLite attempts to map the year into an equivalent year within this range, do the calculation, then map the year back. (source lang_datefunc.html, checked-by: src/date.c)

R-55312-58443-27187-57557-21962-11397-57143-02839

The SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER C preprocessor macro resolves to an integer with the value (X*1000000 + Y*1000 + Z) where X, Y, and Z are the same numbers used in SQLITE_VERSION. (source c3ref/c_source_id.html, checked-by: th3/req1/version01.test)

R-55316-21772-61172-01789-50748-54713-63157-59070

If the VFS does not support shared-memory methods, then the attempt to open a database that is already in WAL mode, or the attempt convert a database into WAL mode, will fail. (source wal.html, checked-by: tcl/e_wal.test, th3/req1/pragma05.test)

R-55350-58300-44544-15655-05072-05288-47077-28954

When the destructor callback of the tenth parameter is invoked, it is passed a single argument which is a copy of the application data pointer which was the fifth parameter to sqlite3_create_function_v2(). (source c3ref/create_function.html, checked-by: th3/req1/createfunc07.test)

R-55351-62604-52448-54183-29592-46679-39320-37048

A single row of a table cannot store more than SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH bytes of data. (source lang_createtable.html)

R-55352-50321-25777-65350-51066-10256-38308-17470

The number of columns in the result can be determined using sqlite3_column_count(). (source c3ref/column_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/column01.test)

R-55354-05099-56810-41359-25714-34128-15293-12246

These functions only work for dates between 0000-01-01 00:00:00 and 9999-12-31 23:59:59 (julidan day numbers 1721059.5 through 5373484.5). (source lang_datefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/date01.test)

R-55392-56277-35725-48242-28273-14685-15840-32650

If the third parameter to sqlite3_bind_text() or sqlite3_bind_text16() or sqlite3_bind_blob() is a NULL pointer then the fourth parameter is ignored and the end result is the same as sqlite3_bind_null(). (source c3ref/bind_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/bind01.test)

R-55398-57340-09635-03247-16694-08409-20914-48585

Setting parameter X to NULL disables the progress handler. (source c3ref/progress_handler.html, checked-by: th3/req1/progress01.test)

R-55403-13450-43666-61222-09717-03349-14429-52085

The HAVING expression may refer to values, even aggregate functions, that are not in the result. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-55406-38524-31149-09087-45874-46813-10331-17259

A percent symbol ("%") in the LIKE pattern matches any sequence of zero or more characters in the string. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-55422-28457-57897-11786-10838-58259-25547-52567

Changing the recursive_triggers setting affects the execution of all statements prepared using the database connection, including those prepared before the setting was changed. (source pragma.html)

R-55435-14303-03333-49029-22084-10936-61067-18432

Each time a new row is inserted into the table or an existing row is updated, the expression associated with each CHECK constraint is evaluated and cast to a NUMERIC value in the same way as a CAST expression. If the result is zero (integer value 0 or real value 0.0), then a constraint violation has occurred. (source lang_createtable.html, checked-by: tcl/e_createtable.test)

R-55438-03590-29197-39620-12271-07480-54322-54101

The same VFS can be registered multiple times without injury. (source c3ref/vfs_find.html, checked-by: th3/req1/vfs01.test)

R-55443-46660-27592-17981-12219-05081-62305-56714

The second column of output (column "order") indicates the nesting order. (source eqp.html, checked-by: th3/req1/eqp01.test)

R-55460-47820-18774-52597-12272-16306-23027-62332

If there is a blocking connection, then the extended error code is set to SQLITE_LOCKED_SHAREDCACHE. Otherwise, in the special "DROP TABLE/INDEX" case, the extended error code is just SQLITE_LOCKED. (source c3ref/unlock_notify.html)

R-55469-62130-44621-63602-01605-63421-57069-12544

The char(X1,X2,...,XN) function returns a string composed of characters having the unicode code point values of integers X1 through XN, respectively. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: tcl/func.test)

R-55530-52930-45065-40235-10917-28940-04210-09538

In a well-formed b-tree page, there will always be at least one cell before the first freeblock. (source fileformat2.html)

R-55532-10108-63513-58109-24698-43338-62703-39415

Values 1, 1.0, 0.1, -0.1 and '1english' are considered to be true. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-55548-33817-29284-24020-20403-44127-42701-15933

The compile-time setting for URI filenames can be changed at start-time using the sqlite3_config(SQLITE_CONFIG_URI,1) or sqlite3_config(SQLITE_CONFIG_URI,0) configuration calls. (source uri.html, checked-by: src/main.c, th3/th3main.c)

R-55594-21030-55644-51033-26913-03312-40389-27101

The SQLITE_CONFIG_MALLOC option takes a single argument which is a pointer to an instance of the sqlite3_mem_methods structure. The argument specifies alternative low-level memory allocation routines to be used in place of the memory allocation routines built into SQLite. (source c3ref/c_config_covering_index_scan.html, checked-by: src/main.c, th3/th3oom.c)

R-55595-13513-43287-07115-18907-23748-32560-50080

The strftime() function also takes a format string as its first argument. (source lang_datefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/date01.test)

R-55606-57227-21877-64681-10447-20017-21356-32881

If the RELEASE command causes the transaction stack to become empty (if the RELEASE command releases the outermost transaction from the stack) then the transaction commits. (source lang_savepoint.html)

R-55638-04244-14117-31927-31561-07826-29267-09174

The sqlite3_reset(S) interface does not change the values of any bindings on the prepared statement S. (source c3ref/reset.html, checked-by: th3/req1/clearbind01.test)

R-55672-01620-31109-43050-24330-12239-06929-55084

The first column is the name of the table that contains the REFERENCES clause. (source pragma.html, checked-by: tcl/fkey5.test, th3/cov1/fkey23.test)

R-55673-47845-33764-15957-40467-43694-47305-60720

The memory high-water mark is reset to the current value of sqlite3_memory_used() if and only if the parameter to sqlite3_memory_highwater() is true. (source c3ref/memory_highwater.html)

R-55708-49653-17675-07799-20555-47879-27152-48993

When COMMIT fails in this way, the transaction remains active and the COMMIT can be retried later after the reader has had a chance to clear. (source lang_transaction.html)

R-55733-20912-49393-01361-02084-05970-17120-19612

If the callback function of the 3rd argument to sqlite3_exec() is not NULL, then it is invoked for each result row coming out of the evaluated SQL statements. (source c3ref/exec.html, checked-by: th3/req1/exec01.test)

R-55820-29984-60455-07962-21616-40941-09415-50372

In most cases, UNIQUE and PRIMARY KEY constraints are implemented by creating a unique index in the database. (source lang_createtable.html, checked-by: tcl/e_createtable.test)

R-55837-00155-61561-08494-32854-35753-30155-49706

The pUser variable may be set by the callback implementation to any arbitrary value that may be useful to subsequent invocations of the callback within the same query (for example, a pointer to a complicated data structure used to test for region intersection). (source rtree.html)

R-55842-56137-49604-51466-59132-51451-25325-13692

The ON and USING clauses of an inner join are converted into additional terms of the WHERE clause prior to WHERE clause analysis described above in paragraph 1. (source optoverview.html)

R-55846-52759-49103-53320-25360-59702-03705-49026

RTRIM is like BINARY except that spaces at the end of the string are elided prior to comparison. (source fileformat2.html)

R-55852-17599-19078-62551-62802-26618-54100-32972

sqlite> CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(a); sqlite> EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT a, b FROM t1 WHERE a=1; 0|0|0|SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i1 (source eqp.html, checked-by: tcl/eqp.test)

R-55869-30521-47622-53163-51064-21445-33319-34731

If the UPDATE statement does not have a WHERE clause, all rows in the table are modified by the UPDATE. (source lang_update.html, checked-by: tcl/e_update.test)

R-55888-39002-08567-49374-03343-41740-10082-36394

Extension loading is off by default. (source c3ref/enable_load_extension.html)

R-55890-50090-42779-08722-13297-59055-01533-38024

The SQLITE_FCNTL_BUSYHANDLER file-control may be invoked by SQLite on the database file handle shortly after it is opened in order to provide a custom VFS with access to the connections busy-handler callback. (source c3ref/c_fcntl_busyhandler.html)

R-55903-20082-12808-10678-61421-17044-64440-32605

The idxNum and idxPtr values are recorded and passed into the xFilter method. (source c3ref/index_info.html)

R-55943-26846-44703-10541-34639-64064-14946-23820

If foreign key constraints are enabled, a DROP TABLE command performs an implicit DELETE FROM command before removing the table from the database schema. (source lang_droptable.html, checked-by: th3/req1/droptable01.test)

R-55970-49067-15919-18439-36628-50905-05103-43155

If the new row is not present in the table, or if it does not contain a blob or text value, or if another error occurs, an SQLite error code is returned and the blob handle is considered aborted. (source c3ref/blob_reopen.html, checked-by: th3/req1/blob01.test)

R-55989-34690-53025-39227-28195-61827-56491-03494

If an index is created using a statement like this: CREATE INDEX idx_ex1 ON ex1(a,b,c,d,e,...,y,z); Then the index might be used if the initial columns of the index (columns a, b, and so forth) appear in WHERE clause terms. (source optoverview.html)

R-56020-12355-36965-55890-52401-50899-40834-02969

To overcome this problem, a separate data structure called the wal-index is maintained to expedite the search for frames of a particular page. (source fileformat2.html)

R-56032-24923-44084-62651-61742-23069-00366-25575

The foreign key constraint is satisfied if for each row in the child table either one or more of the child key columns are NULL, or there exists a row in the parent table for which each parent key column contains a value equal to the value in its associated child key column. (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys03.test)

R-56064-04001-25559-63693-43897-15444-07346-25115

The %p format is an alias for %X. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: tcl/printf2.test, th3/cov1/printf08.test)

R-56075-46525-28921-54400-33560-07294-24655-01890

The source and destination database connections (parameters S and D) must be different or else sqlite3_backup_init(D,N,S,M) will fail with an error. (source c3ref/backup_finish.html, checked-by: th3/req1/backup02.test)

R-56088-25150-58914-01692-09523-48299-30387-32306

The group_concat() function returns a string which is the concatenation of all non-NULL values of X. (source lang_aggfunc.html, checked-by: slt/slt_lang_aggfunc.test, th3/req1/aggfunc01.test)

R-56094-57830-57463-55156-04028-13498-23873-32141

the following three table declarations all cause the column "x" to be an alias for the rowid (an integer primary key): CREATE TABLE t(x INTEGER PRIMARY KEY ASC, y, z); CREATE TABLE t(x INTEGER, y, z, PRIMARY KEY(x ASC)); CREATE TABLE t(x INTEGER, y, z, PRIMARY KEY(x DESC)); (source lang_createtable.html, checked-by: tcl/e_createtable.test)

R-56132-15700-29603-38264-36933-60961-45364-58760

This is the only difference between a USING clause and its equivalent ON constraint. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-56168-33548-13029-39450-16925-62002-00954-18437

The aConstraint[] array records WHERE clause constraints of the form: column OP expr where OP is =, <, <=, >, or >=. (source c3ref/index_info.html)

R-56249-28265-13438-15861-43462-53554-35799-32319

Compute the current date. SELECT date('now'); (source lang_datefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/date01.test)

R-56256-08578-55482-47155-20535-53157-53389-52654

In the "v2" interface, the more specific error code is returned directly by sqlite3_step(). (source c3ref/step.html)

R-56280-17369-11717-14525-09241-09664-14556-20621

Both forms of the CASE expression use lazy, or short-circuit, evaluation. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-56294-03966-08864-53339-51473-44924-63281-58418

All types of SELECT statement, including aggregate and compound SELECT queries (queries with keywords like UNION or EXCEPT) are allowed as scalar subqueries. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-56376-21261-47968-49600-56386-05495-27914-63410

Column zColumn does not exist (source c3ref/blob_open.html, checked-by: tcl/e_blobopen.test)

R-56387-19459-30565-00993-44183-40692-62235-22092

The subquery is not an aggregate or the outer query is not a join. (source optoverview.html)

R-56419-60514-06155-63301-38811-42368-46598-13480

However, in a partial index, the index b-tree only contains entries corresponding to table rows for which the WHERE clause expression on the CREATE INDEX statement is true. (source fileformat2.html)

R-56424-18878-13584-40742-26912-14341-05618-57860

The first parameter is an operation code that determines the number, meaning, and operation of all subsequent parameters. (source c3ref/test_control.html)

R-56499-61710-29676-05247-07076-45056-16142-64460

The name of the table (as it appears in sqlite_master.name) is in the sqlite_sequence.main field and the largest INTEGER PRIMARY KEY ever used by that table is in the sqlite_sequence.seq field. (source fileformat2.html)

R-56502-19490-63521-53969-31831-34526-32117-42704


(source lang_transaction.html)

R-56511-46089-40273-37812-64837-44245-01436-05433

When the write-ahead log is enabled (via the journal_mode pragma) a checkpoint will be run automatically whenever the write-ahead log equals or exceeds N pages in length. (source pragma.html)

R-56518-44310-03576-50973-10041-44259-32136-55602

The second parameter to the callback is an integer action code that specifies the particular action to be authorized. (source c3ref/set_authorizer.html, checked-by: th3/th3util.c)

R-56593-29586-46477-05582-12262-16741-07169-41199

The default encoding for databases created using sqlite3_open16() will be UTF-16 in the native byte order. (source c3ref/open.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/main12.test)

R-56683-13731-54307-64156-42285-19581-37676-29217

If the optional ESCAPE clause is present, then the expression following the ESCAPE keyword must evaluate to a string consisting of a single character. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-56692-55226-52354-63477-50727-27057-22841-42848

If sqlite3_malloc() is unable to obtain sufficient free memory, it returns a NULL pointer. (source c3ref/free.html, checked-by: th3/req1/malloc02.test)

R-56801-63935-12659-39729-00825-44239-35936-30189

The sixth, seventh and eighth parameters, xFunc, xStep and xFinal, are pointers to C-language functions that implement the SQL function or aggregate. (source c3ref/create_function.html, checked-by: th3/req1/createfunc03.test)

R-56805-28429-09038-27116-20961-52646-32004-47216

Note that "monotonically increasing" does not imply that the ROWID always increases by exactly one. (source autoinc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/autoinc01.test)

R-56841-45734-29539-09781-39505-27779-01471-37796

If the argument is an index name, then only that one index is analyzed. (source lang_analyze.html, checked-by: th3/req1/analyze01.test)

R-56844-61705-36939-38835-21077-60167-01566-10120

If the current statement is not inside an explicit transaction (a BEGIN/COMMIT/ROLLBACK block), then an implicit transaction is committed as soon as the statement has finished executing. In this case deferred constraints behave the same as immediate constraints. (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys12.test)

R-56899-62057-33576-54227-58668-21470-57671-19997

Use this routine to reset all host parameters to NULL. (source c3ref/clear_bindings.html, checked-by: th3/req1/clearbind01.test)

R-56903-10946-10464-47244-20107-17033-43956-53082

In a WITHOUT ROWID table, there is no sqlite_master entry for the PRIMARY KEY, but the "sqlite_autoindex_TABLE_N" name is set aside for the PRIMARY KEY as if the sqlite_master entry did exist. This will affect the numbering of subsequent UNIQUE constraints. (source fileformat2.html)

R-56921-36726-52234-49163-41445-49849-43983-14131

The module takes zero or more comma-separated arguments. (source lang_createvtab.html)

R-56934-42700-38980-08605-33652-52881-52643-23900

A trigger normally exists in the same database as the table named after the "ON" keyword in the CREATE TRIGGER statement. Except, it is possible to create a TEMP TRIGGER on a table in another database. (source lang_createtrigger.html)

R-56955-63333-34836-56317-38301-47611-54675-13517

If one operand has INTEGER, REAL or NUMERIC affinity and the other operand has TEXT or NONE affinity then NUMERIC affinity is applied to other operand. (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/affinity01.test, th3/req1/datatype3_05.test)

R-56960-03061-20836-21931-13129-13661-26943-05315

The sqlite_sequence row for an AUTOINCREMENT table is automatically deleted when the table is dropped. (source fileformat2.html)

R-56966-62845-41906-06988-64325-13391-23596-51092

The integrity_check pragma looks for out-of-order records, missing pages, malformed records, missing index entries, and UNIQUE and NOT NULL constraint errors. (source pragma.html)

R-57047-10461-09824-05395-44122-51121-43183-19652

For each pair of columns identified by a USING clause, the column from the right-hand dataset is omitted from the joined dataset. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-57064-52104-64431-17226-40317-39085-08319-65218

A keyword enclosed in grave accents (ASCII code 96) is an identifier. (source lang_keywords.html, checked-by: th3/req1/keyword01.test)

R-57074-20369-11255-42059-64257-36055-51213-17721

After each checkpoint, the WAL header salt-1 value is incremented and the salt-2 value is randomized. (source fileformat2.html)

R-57089-01510-52711-12029-01843-57322-48096-53622

The optional IF EXISTS clause suppresses the error that would normally result if the table does not exist. (source lang_droptable.html, checked-by: th3/req1/droptable01.test)

R-57089-20897-11493-55029-43412-10473-15914-29086

The hex() function interprets its argument as a BLOB and returns a string which is the upper-case hexadecimal rendering of the content of that blob. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/func01.test)

R-57132-64688-04338-28404-47453-24973-03948-35534

For a K-column index, there will be K+1 integers in the stat column. (source fileformat2.html)

R-57148-27043-24197-50864-17789-27068-60020-34476

If a term of the WHERE clause is of the following form: expr1 BETWEEN expr2 AND expr3 Then two "virtual" terms are added as follows: expr1 >= expr2 AND expr1 <= expr3 (source optoverview.html)

R-57167-06245-01726-09355-33503-05037-30957-41757

The CREATE INDEX command consists of the keywords "CREATE INDEX" followed by the name of the new index, the keyword "ON", the name of a previously created table that is to be indexed, and a parenthesized list of names of columns in the table that are used for the index key. (source lang_createindex.html, checked-by: th3/req1/createidx01.test)

R-57195-25932-26146-45143-15236-49265-31478-06435

When a column is indexed, the same collating function specified in the CREATE TABLE statement is used for the column in the index, by default, though this can be overridden using a COLLATE clause in the CREATE INDEX statement. (source fileformat2.html)

R-57216-60803-31079-31964-02291-43639-29753-51457

The default behavior of the LIKE operator is to ignore case for ASCII characters. Hence, by default 'a' LIKE 'A' is true. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma10.test)

R-57228-12904-01956-10826-41205-44004-37932-17124

Invoking sqlite3_finalize() on a NULL pointer is a harmless no-op. (source c3ref/finalize.html, checked-by: src/vdbeapi.c, th3/req1/finalize01.test)

R-57233-37249-31341-45031-54351-11965-32599-40033

The database name is the name of an ATTACH-ed database or it can be "main" or "temp" for the main and the TEMP databases. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma01.test)

R-57239-11845-16463-18106-13303-34365-12787-00637

If NORMAL locking mode is in effect for the first WAL-mode database access, then the shared-memory wal-index is created. (source wal.html, checked-by: tcl/e_wal.test, th3/req1/pragma05.test)

R-57242-37005-56028-08872-40154-45403-20109-09312

Any "foreign key mismatch" errors encountered as part of an implicit DELETE are ignored. (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys22.test)

R-57255-33789-60728-42833-30002-01027-59947-48122

However, depending on the statement being evaluated and the point at which the error occurs, it might be necessary for SQLite to rollback and cancel the entire transaction. (source lang_transaction.html)

R-57313-56280-52259-04296-10229-37412-19300-33360

If URI filenames are recognized when the database connection is originally opened, then URI filenames will also be recognized on ATTACH statements. (source uri.html)

R-57326-31541-07855-53687-16913-06190-23550-58246

Abs(X) return 0.0 if X is a string or blob that cannot be converted to a numeric value. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: src/func.c, th3/cov1/func01.test)

R-57359-59558-63770-19476-57809-18440-47111-21364

The LIMIT and ORDER BY clauses for UPDATE are unsupported within triggers, regardless of the compilation options used to build SQLite. (source lang_update.html, checked-by: tcl/e_update.test)

R-57360-40691-20822-63524-22530-36364-65033-34134

If a keyword in double quotes (ex: "key" or "glob") is used in a context where it cannot be resolved to an identifier but where a string literal is allowed, then the token is understood to be a string literal instead of an identifier. (source lang_keywords.html, checked-by: th3/req1/keyword01.test)

R-57360-51191-61413-24528-10483-08494-62999-37912

If the index is unique, then the last integer will be 1. (source fileformat2.html)

R-57418-53232-55931-28438-08361-10672-24315-12899

Thus, if a COLLATE operator is used anywhere in a comparision expression, the collating function defined by that operator is used for string comparison regardless of what table columns might be a part of that expression. (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_09.test)

R-57428-63758-17863-58074-13884-12302-03924-53063

The same page may not appear more than once within a single rollback journal. (source fileformat2.html)

R-57464-30285-51678-51682-55772-21804-29928-17163

PRAGMA database_list; This pragma works like a query to return one row for each database attached to the current database connection. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma14.test)

R-57479-00042-18825-57289-32505-64353-45358-46844

These functions (collectively known as "function creation routines") are used to add SQL functions or aggregates or to redefine the behavior of existing SQL functions or aggregates. (source c3ref/create_function.html, checked-by: th3/req1/createfunc01.test)

R-57596-15697-28996-29191-00172-44025-23710-23803

If the xCallback argument is NULL then the collating function is deleted. (source c3ref/create_collation.html, checked-by: th3/req1/createcoll01.test)

R-57605-18547-20475-29360-28587-57210-12806-62270

The page_size pragma will only cause an immediate change in the page size if it is issued while the database is still empty, prior to the first CREATE TABLE statement. (source pragma.html)

R-57629-25253-01540-58314-47057-32967-17520-58138

If the SELECT statement is an aggregate query without a GROUP BY clause, then each aggregate expression in the result-set is evaluated once across the entire dataset. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-57664-07237-21288-49521-00695-35907-46417-64685


(source lang_dropview.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/build13.test)

R-57724-31954-10264-24402-01814-32974-35251-10420

The filename of the database follows the same semantics as the filename argument to sqlite3_open() and sqlite3_open_v2(); the special name ":memory:" results in an in-memory database and an empty string results in a new temporary database. (source lang_attach.html, checked-by: th3/req1/attach03.test)

R-57724-61571-01377-08004-10226-53040-57398-43203

An ON CONFLICT clause may be specified as part of an UPDATE or INSERT action within the body of the trigger. (source lang_createtrigger.html)

R-57765-12380-65473-27490-60483-53059-23435-27202

In the above paragraph, the term "equal" means equal when values are compared using the rules specified here. (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys03.test)

R-57773-31134-13859-63861-60262-03843-19674-02031

With AUTOINCREMENT, rows with automatically selected ROWIDs are guaranteed to have ROWIDs that have never been used before by the same table in the same database. (source autoinc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/autoinc01.test)

R-57803-30267-35390-49714-00774-40493-44920-28706

Note, however, that auto-vacuum only truncates the freelist pages from the file. Auto-vacuum does not defragment the database nor repack individual database pages the way that the VACUUM command does. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma07.test)

R-57806-53405-06044-47761-50906-57249-23424-06357

All of the result in the example are the same if the comparisons are commuted - if expressions of the form "a<40" are rewritten as "40>a". (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_05.test)

R-57831-01130-43717-63329-08064-26534-43963-34665


(source lang_altertable.html)

R-57876-22123-39728-45816-26959-17516-32294-11302

The default collating sequence is the collating sequence defined for that column in the CREATE TABLE statement. (source lang_createindex.html, checked-by: th3/req1/createidx01.test)

R-57884-37496-29952-23489-26945-21299-05103-05410

The scheme of the URI must be "file:". Any other scheme results in the input being treated as an ordinary filename. (source uri.html, checked-by: src/main.c)

R-57928-57565-35172-43517-28321-39002-52243-13899

The expression "x IN (SELECT y ...)" is handled in the same way as the expression "x = y" for the purposes of determining the collating sequence. (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_10.test)

R-57963-05936-27484-31794-06157-35153-01891-09927

The SAVEPOINT command starts a new transaction with a name. (source lang_savepoint.html)

R-57967-31673-02324-15134-55427-47426-59271-07487

The SQLITE_FCNTL_PERSIST_WAL opcode is used to set or query the persistent Write Ahead Log setting. (source c3ref/c_fcntl_busyhandler.html)

R-58033-17334-23176-58899-39205-34616-00819-09634

An error is raised if a CREATE TABLE statement with the WITHOUT ROWID clause lacks a PRIMARY KEY. (source withoutrowid.html, checked-by: tcl/without_rowid5.test, th3/cov1/withoutrowid01.test)

R-58063-38258-54804-43004-10220-55460-06574-61060

SQLITE_CONFIG_MMAP_SIZE takes two 64-bit integer (sqlite3_int64) values that are the default mmap size limit (the default setting for PRAGMA mmap_size) and the maximum allowed mmap size limit. (source c3ref/c_config_covering_index_scan.html, checked-by: src/main.c, th3/th3main.c)

R-58080-31767-64590-28365-48177-49869-42154-18790

Note that the sqlite3_changes() and sqlite3_total_changes() interfaces do not count INSTEAD OF trigger firings, but the count_changes pragma does count INSTEAD OF trigger firing. (source lang_createtrigger.html)

R-58089-05908-32254-07731-27981-33321-41774-40378

If the table has a column of type INTEGER PRIMARY KEY then that column is another alias for the rowid. (source c3ref/last_insert_rowid.html)

R-58089-32183-52130-60525-27569-44992-13827-12149

The table to be modified must exist in the same database as the table or view to which the trigger is attached. (source lang_createtrigger.html)

R-58101-01610-39291-65519-22714-56029-10662-40806

The "SQLITE_" prefix is omitted from the returned option names. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma13.test)

R-58129-20729-43334-45037-61775-65105-23500-10551

It is not an error if the WHERE clause does not evaluate to true for any row in the table - this just means that the UPDATE statement affects zero rows. (source lang_update.html, checked-by: slt/slt_lang_update.test, tcl/e_update.test)

R-58133-32721-60366-63441-61614-07001-53385-02322

A keyword in single quotes is a string literal. (source lang_keywords.html, checked-by: th3/req1/keyword01.test)

R-58157-12355-40365-38560-33320-54735-39734-50208

sqlite> CREATE INDEX i4 ON t2(c); sqlite> EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT c, d FROM t2 ORDER BY c; 0|0|0|SCAN TABLE t2 USING INDEX i4 (source eqp.html, checked-by: tcl/eqp.test)

R-58160-63457-25230-02228-13087-65392-10512-19880

The nolock parameter is a boolean query parameter which if set disables file locking in rollback journal modes. (source c3ref/open.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/nolock01.test)

R-58208-19414-39381-39843-31272-22359-33296-08793

The first 2 bytes of a freeblock are a big-endian integer which is the offset in the b-tree page of the next freeblock in the chain, or zero if the freeblock is the last on the chain. (source fileformat2.html)

R-58230-57098-08245-26579-57280-54560-29149-45335

The "INDEXED BY index-name" phrase specifies that the named index must be used in order to look up values on the preceding table. (source lang_indexedby.html)

R-58261-63259-31112-34122-01382-46669-15924-59329

The sum() and total() aggregate functions return sum of all non-NULL values in the group. (source lang_aggfunc.html, checked-by: slt/slt_lang_aggfunc.test, th3/req1/aggfunc01.test)

R-58293-02725-64867-56851-12538-45360-38316-49543

Each time a transaction is committed or a WAL file resets, SQLite compares the size of the rollback journal file or WAL file left in the file-system to the size limit set by this pragma and if the journal or WAL file is larger it is truncated to the limit. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma26.test)

R-58297-14483-40146-32998-13341-07144-06303-13895

WAL databases can be created, read, and written even if shared memory is unavailable as long as the locking_mode is set to EXCLUSIVE before the first attempted access. (source wal.html, checked-by: tcl/e_wal.test, th3/req1/pragma05.test)

R-58312-28618-40592-62073-31662-38591-25433-11093

If the Y argument is omitted, rtrim(X) removes spaces from the right side of X. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/func03.test)

R-58344-62489-38049-32085-64337-15515-50489-64181

Thus, by default, the following expression is true: 'a' LIKE 'A' (source optoverview.html)

R-58358-50570-50197-06415-13573-58509-53198-19669

This pragma does an integrity check of the entire database. (source pragma.html)

R-58359-52112-44608-26924-62371-03050-44759-15505

The normal rules for selecting a collation sequence to compare text values with apply. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-58361-29089-54084-23122-22641-61380-38258-02749

The changes() function returns the number of database rows that were changed or inserted or deleted by the most recently completed INSERT, DELETE, or UPDATE statement, exclusive of statements in lower-level triggers. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/func01.test)

R-58394-31093-63453-44359-04700-44198-50442-28632

PRAGMA index_info(index-name); This pragma returns one row each column in the named index. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma15.test)

R-58421-05800-43557-56576-34931-38170-06768-38707

If the Y argument is omitted, ltrim(X) removes spaces from the left side of X. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/func02.test)

R-58424-53543-49718-27899-29509-07852-05490-25692

The page size must be a power of two between 512 and 65536 inclusive. (source pragma.html)

R-58428-36660-63931-61833-12651-58158-26648-39835

If OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY is defined, then foreign key definitions cannot even be parsed (attempting to specify a foreign key definition is a syntax error). (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys05.test)

R-58433-37187-52219-35155-40508-43189-02693-26384

The COMMIT command and the ROLLBACK command without the TO clause work the same on SAVEPOINT transactions as they do with transactions started by BEGIN. (source lang_transaction.html)

R-58517-24761-28123-18472-27035-45853-12538-34361


(source lang_createtrigger.html)

R-58549-10346-62091-22093-38349-23693-43917-28626

The definition of glob pattern matching used in sqlite3_strglob(P,X) is the same as for the "X GLOB P" operator in the SQL dialect used by SQLite. (source c3ref/strglob.html)

R-58553-63740-12454-47627-42438-52862-15434-40396

If executing the SELECT statement specified as the right-hand operand of the EXISTS operator would return one or more rows, then the EXISTS operator evaluates to 1. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-58560-23968-28537-53654-45621-13227-05416-28279

The default value of the checkpoint_fullfsync flag is off. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma11.test)

R-58570-38916-64955-51139-26033-08534-02981-10292

If N or iOffset are less than zero SQLITE_ERROR is returned and no data is written. (source c3ref/blob_write.html, checked-by: tcl/e_blobwrite.test)

R-58640-02877-59661-28558-18785-36384-52815-36823

RTRIM - The same as binary, except that trailing space characters are ignored. (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_09.test)

R-58706-14229-29588-03178-14400-15818-06936-07358

Similarly, an INSERT statement may provide a value to use as the rowid for each row inserted. (source lang_createtable.html, checked-by: tcl/e_createtable.test)

R-58714-09943-11922-47128-02386-08518-39517-24120

SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_USED This parameter returns the approximate number of bytes of heap memory used by all pager caches associated with the database connection. (source c3ref/c_dbstatus_options.html, checked-by: th3/req1/dbstatus01.test)

R-58729-25290-19710-37718-46636-04940-09423-21381

The SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA file control occurs at the beginning of pragma statement analysis and so it is able to override built-in PRAGMA statements. (source c3ref/c_fcntl_busyhandler.html)

R-58731-25439-21347-45819-04127-12492-10479-51386

The collating sequence set by the COLLATE operator overrides the collating sequence determined by the COLLATE clause in a table column definition. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-58777-16499-45201-64788-11957-29416-62683-55566

Statistics might not be available for all loops in all statements. (source c3ref/stmt_scanstatus.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/status02.test)

R-58778-10776-22890-25642-31473-47803-35763-23177

The xInit() method is called once for each effective call to sqlite3_initialize() (source c3ref/pcache_methods2.html, checked-by: th3/th3pcache.c)

R-58813-55036-01417-02412-42813-08467-49473-05345

The sqlite3_bind_zeroblob() and sqlite3_result_zeroblob() interfaces and the built-in zeroblob SQL function may be used to create a zero-filled blob to read or write using the incremental-blob interface. (source c3ref/blob_open.html, checked-by: tcl/e_blobopen.test)

R-58814-63508-14637-55727-60663-34396-08543-07836

The sqlite3_db_release_memory(D) interface attempts to free as much heap memory as possible from database connection D. (source c3ref/db_release_memory.html)

R-58823-28748-40734-32181-06103-05121-55072-03563

If it identifies a specific database index, then just that index is recreated. (source lang_reindex.html, checked-by: tcl/e_reindex.test)

R-58835-30946-01453-54095-45782-49033-61690-21172

The SQLITE_FCNTL_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE opcode is used to set or query the persistent "powersafe-overwrite" or "PSOW" setting. (source c3ref/c_fcntl_busyhandler.html)

R-58862-44169-03141-46737-61496-44954-25565-37290

If an UPDATE statement has a LIMIT clause, the maximum number of rows that will be updated is found by evaluating the accompanying expression and casting it to an integer value. (source lang_update.html, checked-by: tcl/e_update.test)

R-58875-56087-32934-46536-36631-10270-04252-20077

The IN and NOT IN operators take a single scalar operand on the left and a vector operand on the right formed by an explicit list of zero or more scalars or by a single subquery. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: slt/in1.test, slt/in2.test, tcl/tkt-80e031a00f.test)

R-58951-07798-10781-33185-41283-52563-14350-38026

Otherwise, if no column-list is specified, the number of columns in the result of the SELECT must be the same as the number of columns in the table. (source lang_insert.html, checked-by: tcl/e_insert.test)

R-58993-22660-13227-57467-37218-61239-51147-21890

The structure of the sqlite_master table is as if it had been created using the following SQL: CREATE TABLE sqlite_master( type text, name text, tbl_name text, rootpage integer, sql text ); (source fileformat2.html)

R-59001-45278-16450-29510-31593-00362-58308-30623

SQLITE_LIMIT_FUNCTION_ARG The maximum number of arguments on a function. (source c3ref/c_limit_attached.html, checked-by: th3/req1/limit02.test)

R-59007-20454-04815-57542-48714-11187-47465-31544

Any other character matches itself or its lower/upper case equivalent (i.e. case-insensitive matching). (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-59089-25828-47807-24089-43105-44116-25711-61833

The columns of the cartesian product dataset are, in order, all the columns of the left-hand dataset followed by all the columns of the right-hand dataset. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-59114-58431-38576-59945-01836-64391-41431-21894

The sqlite3_log() interface writes a message into the error log established by the SQLITE_CONFIG_LOG option to sqlite3_config(). (source c3ref/log.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/log01.test)

R-59124-61339-46915-41859-25282-43163-13207-41482

Each row in a table with a primary key must have a unique combination of values in its primary key columns. (source lang_createtable.html, checked-by: tcl/e_createtable.test)

R-59140-43269-17105-04578-09488-50490-51630-23162

The following table details the conversions that are applied: InternalType RequestedType Conversion NULL INTEGER Result is 0 NULL FLOAT Result is 0.0 NULL TEXT Result is a NULL pointer NULL BLOB Result is a NULL pointer INTEGER FLOAT Convert from integer to float INTEGER TEXT ASCII rendering of the integer INTEGER BLOB Same as INTEGER->TEXT FLOAT INTEGER CAST to INTEGER FLOAT TEXT ASCII rendering of the float FLOAT BLOB CAST to BLOB TEXT INTEGER CAST to INTEGER TEXT FLOAT CAST to REAL TEXT BLOB No change BLOB INTEGER CAST to INTEGER BLOB FLOAT CAST to REAL BLOB TEXT Add a zero terminator if needed (source c3ref/column_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/column02.test)

R-59153-45869-47799-39794-18343-43894-28184-56568

If the declared type for a column contains any of the strings "REAL", "FLOA", or "DOUB" then the column has REAL affinity. (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_01.test)

R-59165-19659-62655-08442-22877-21520-01156-02106

If a numeric literal has a decimal point or an exponentiation clause or if its magnitude is less than -9223372036854775808 or greater than 9223372036854775807, then it is a floating point literal. Otherwise is it is an integer literal. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: th3/req1/expr01.test)

R-59172-51198-22956-23364-43321-06820-15140-44023

If the transaction stack is not empty when the BEGIN command is invoked, then the command fails with an error. (source lang_savepoint.html)

R-59182-40522-06703-03529-14405-50301-30896-08116

The SQLITE_VERSION C preprocessor macro in the sqlite3.h header evaluates to a string literal that is the SQLite version in the format "X.Y.Z" where X is the major version number (always 3 for SQLite3) and Y is the minor version number and Z is the release number. (source c3ref/c_source_id.html, checked-by: th3/req1/version01.test)

R-59194-45393-22492-52918-12483-50598-53010-59853

An attempt to execute COMMIT might also result in an SQLITE_BUSY return code if an another thread or process has a shared lock on the database that prevented the database from being updated. (source lang_transaction.html)

R-59203-27417-45824-06812-16241-47628-05439-60390

If the argument N is negative then no change is made to the soft heap limit. (source c3ref/soft_heap_limit64.html, checked-by: th3/req1/softheaplimit01.test)

R-59212-00515-24356-00769-54260-21124-60986-12573

But if the case_sensitive_like pragma is enabled as follows: PRAGMA case_sensitive_like=ON; Then the LIKE operator pays attention to case and the example above would evaluate to false. (source optoverview.html)

R-59218-44473-40361-49593-50972-37596-39041-04578

The sqlite_sequence table is created automatically whenever any ordinary table with an AUTOINCREMENT integer primary key is created. (source fileformat2.html)

R-59237-46742-53933-54312-09951-05866-00248-19595

A subquery specified in the table-or-subquery following the FROM clause in a simple SELECT statement is handled as if it was a table containing the data returned by executing the subquery statement. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select2.test)

R-59246-48037-03158-25675-60102-33879-46651-46804

Any callback set by a previous call to this function for the same database connection is overridden. (source c3ref/update_hook.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/main15.test)

R-59275-48655-09864-05329-36519-41537-00645-39530

The new row is identified by the rowid value passed as the second argument. (source c3ref/blob_reopen.html, checked-by: th3/req1/blob01.test)

R-59310-51205-15407-41555-00888-38389-12336-63259

The "reserved space" size in the 1-byte integer at offset 20 is the number of bytes of space at the end of each page to reserve for extensions. (source fileformat2.html)

R-59344-06440-62952-57613-16293-38554-64918-31058

It is possible to have an aggregate function with the same name as a simple function, as long as the number of arguments for the two forms of the function are different. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: th3/req1/func05.test)

R-59391-62387-22553-12077-41502-35655-02982-42889

Conversions between UTF-16be and UTF-16le are always done in place and do not invalidate a prior pointer, though of course the content of the buffer that the prior pointer references will have been modified. (source c3ref/column_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/column03.test)

R-59544-00330-10007-23710-00944-16891-38828-33861

If the affinity of a column is REAL and that column contains a value that can be converted to an integer without loss of information (if the value contains no fractional part and is not too large to be represented as an integer) then the column may be stored in the record as an integer. (source fileformat2.html)

R-59553-21705-43899-06784-22214-40480-29104-54159

Collating functions are deleted when they are overridden by later calls to the collation creation functions or when the database connection is closed using sqlite3_close(). (source c3ref/create_collation.html, checked-by: th3/req1/createcoll01.test)

R-59577-33471-39346-45414-34609-60012-12077-11853

The COLLATE operator is a unary postfix operator that assigns a collating sequence to an expression. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-59581-44104-07622-44169-35142-09947-54214-52613

If SQLite is built with the SQLITE_ENABLE_UPDATE_DELETE_LIMIT compile-time option then the syntax of the UPDATE statement is extended with optional ORDER BY and LIMIT clauses (source lang_update.html, checked-by: tcl/e_update.test)

R-59593-21810-38757-57312-51798-28270-65217-02509

If SQLite is compiled with the SQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 compile-time option then it is not possible to set the Serialized threading mode and sqlite3_config() will return SQLITE_ERROR if called with the SQLITE_CONFIG_SERIALIZED configuration option. (source c3ref/c_config_covering_index_scan.html, checked-by: src/main.c)

R-59621-62546-01433-46833-62451-30016-12740-49042

The query above would very quickly locate the id of 1 even if the R*Tree contained millions of entries. (source rtree.html)

R-59626-35257-47411-01880-13272-17945-33265-14470

The returned string is always in UTF-8 encoding even if the named parameter was originally specified as UTF-16 in sqlite3_prepare16() or sqlite3_prepare16_v2(). (source c3ref/bind_parameter_name.html, checked-by: th3/req1/bind04.test)

R-59626-52827-57662-05724-48441-25095-54534-18435

The name of the collation is a UTF-8 string for sqlite3_create_collation() and sqlite3_create_collation_v2() and a UTF-16 string in native byte order for sqlite3_create_collation16(). (source c3ref/create_collation.html, checked-by: th3/req1/createcoll01.test)

R-59634-51678-29795-22623-60513-10487-06107-08719

When that SQL function appears on the right-hand side of the MATCH operator and the left-hand side of the MATCH operator is any column in the R*Tree virtual table, then the callback defined by the third argument (xQueryFunc or xGeom) is invoked to determine if a particular object or subtree overlaps the desired region. (source rtree.html)

R-59663-62254-25322-57375-18111-19380-43060-36564

If the argument to sqlite3_mutex_held() is a NULL pointer then the routine should return 1. (source c3ref/mutex_held.html)

R-59665-46340-25157-22824-10328-32934-42335-25570

This routine actually returns the index of the largest (rightmost) parameter. For all forms except ?NNN, this will correspond to the number of unique parameters. If parameters of the ?NNN form are used, there may be gaps in the list. (source c3ref/bind_parameter_count.html, checked-by: th3/req1/bindparamcnt01.test)

R-59712-18547-02212-00843-63183-21822-46730-58410

The source database is read-locked only while it is being read; it is not locked continuously for the entire backup operation. (source c3ref/backup_finish.html, checked-by: th3/req1/backup01.test)

R-59738-58751-51247-06625-33593-39630-09372-24907

The routines sqlite3_prepare_v2(), sqlite3_prepare(), sqlite3_prepare16(), sqlite3_prepare16_v2(), sqlite3_exec(), and sqlite3_get_table() accept an SQL statement list (sql-stmt-list) which is a semicolon-separated list of statements. (source lang.html, checked-by: th3/req1/lang01.test)

R-59740-55581-30752-55648-04315-06609-57051-39793

This statement will fail if SQLite is in the middle of a transaction. (source lang_detach.html, checked-by: tcl/attach2.test, th3/req1/attach01.test)

R-59741-51383-54306-63308-23594-36785-40026-55929

However, application code cannot create the sqlite_sequence table if it does not already exist. (source fileformat2.html)

R-59782-00072-08374-56821-09554-43453-45852-13316

The soundex(X) function returns a string that is the soundex encoding of the string X. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: src/func.c, th3/cov1/func07.test)

R-59841-13798-58267-43160-49390-53360-57337-63082

The 4-byte big-endian integer at offset 32 stores the page number of the first page of the freelist, or zero if the freelist is empty. (source fileformat2.html)

R-59843-56897-36550-00278-28044-49330-04836-60246

The name of the module is given by the second parameter. (source c3ref/create_module.html)

R-59847-53574-49799-21344-47903-30927-18789-48641

If sqlite3_unlock_notify() is called in a multi-threaded application, there is a chance that the blocking connection will have already concluded its transaction by the time sqlite3_unlock_notify() is invoked. If this happens, then the specified callback is invoked immediately, from within the call to sqlite3_unlock_notify(). (source c3ref/unlock_notify.html)

R-59866-40673-09200-10625-43441-33703-34788-06531

The first call to sqlite3_backup_step() obtains an exclusive lock on the destination file. (source c3ref/backup_finish.html)

R-59880-60857-20339-39242-03952-30243-41004-50875

If no prepared statement satisfies the conditions of this routine, it returns NULL. (source c3ref/next_stmt.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/vdbeapi04.test)

R-59903-02736-29653-35997-33194-50062-38797-30798

If M is the size of the prior allocation, then min(N,M) bytes of the prior allocation are copied into the beginning of buffer returned by sqlite3_realloc(X,N) and the prior allocation is freed. (source c3ref/free.html, checked-by: th3/req1/malloc02.test)

R-59926-26393-31907-32600-50735-40395-06469-15270

To be usable by an index a term must be of one of the following forms: column = expression column > expression column >= expression column < expression column <= expression expression = column expression > column expression >= column expression < column expression <= column column IN (expression-list) column IN (subquery) column IS NULL (source optoverview.html)

R-59941-62933-38106-18791-02770-37169-39632-35636

PRAGMA checkpoint_fullfsync PRAGMA checkpoint_fullfsync = boolean; Query or change the fullfsync flag for checkpoint operations. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma11.test)

R-59956-41349-41625-12538-60597-65086-07674-43203


(source lang_altertable.html)

R-59958-37183-05497-01446-42261-31297-62677-47395

Only rows of the table for which the WHERE clause evaluates to true are included in the index. (source partialindex.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/index01.test)

R-59965-57680-10535-01437-04126-57096-35203-20208


(source lang_createtable.html)

R-60001-20170-36140-08740-00799-64790-64751-11735

The rollback callback is not invoked if a transaction is automatically rolled back because the database connection is closed. (source c3ref/commit_hook.html)

R-60075-10893-48868-22845-41687-22620-03276-20843

If there are fewer than N pages on the freelist, or if N is less than 1, or if N is omitted entirely, then the entire freelist is cleared. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma21.test)

R-60090-27861-59192-20728-19782-37127-56669-48134

This interface loads an SQLite extension library from the named file. (source c3ref/load_extension.html)

R-60099-10331-60202-18303-15072-02692-09131-64001

The multi-argument max() function returns the argument with the maximum value, or return NULL if any argument is NULL. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/func02.test, th3/req1/func03.test)

R-60116-07512-58915-34357-51591-00163-63646-47672

The parent key of a foreign key constraint is not allowed to use the rowid. The parent key must used named columns only. (source lang_createtable.html, checked-by: th3/req1/foreignkeys03.test)

R-60116-58305-35895-50546-31025-26877-37972-30944

A NULL operand on a mathematical operator yields a NULL result. (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_06.test)

R-60153-11078-48235-52964-41144-31908-11477-07860

If the most recent call to sqlite3_step(S) for the prepared statement S returned SQLITE_ROW or SQLITE_DONE, or if sqlite3_step(S) has never before been called on S, then sqlite3_reset(S) returns SQLITE_OK. (source c3ref/reset.html, checked-by: th3/th3util.c)

R-60158-04220-03927-63388-61889-60939-15901-21786

The sqlite3_get_auxdata() interface returns a pointer to the metadata associated by the sqlite3_set_auxdata() function with the Nth argument value to the application-defined function. (source c3ref/get_auxdata.html)

R-60175-02388-07986-54483-25650-07763-57471-09194

Deliberately changing out of WAL mode changes the database file format version numbers back to 1 so that older versions of SQLite can once again access the database file. (source wal.html, checked-by: tcl/e_wal.test)

R-60193-46484-49442-23041-20836-34513-52895-40654

A pragma may have an optional database name before the pragma name. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma01.test)

R-60235-46489-17538-30450-39189-57367-12631-34674

The handler will sleep multiple times until at least "ms" milliseconds of sleeping have accumulated. (source c3ref/busy_timeout.html)

R-60247-35692-05586-10115-22101-12155-14694-19352

The contents of the sqlite3_rtree_geometry structure are initialized by SQLite but are not subsequently modified. (source rtree.html)

R-60254-42800-59333-42801-60806-64877-54139-11361

In the "v2" interfaces, the prepared statement that is returned (the sqlite3_stmt object) contains a copy of the original SQL text. (source c3ref/prepare.html, checked-by: th3/req1/prepare01.test)

R-60292-04128-28566-07483-18233-58006-62395-18068

When temp_store is FILE (1) temporary tables and indices are stored in a file. (source pragma.html)

R-60324-39271-63103-21591-25385-29112-09183-41163

Key/value pairs are separated by a single "&" character. (source uri.html)

R-60334-12880-45954-16548-05057-35188-10924-38811

If the most recent evaluation of the statement encountered no errors or if the statement is never been evaluated, then sqlite3_finalize() returns SQLITE_OK. (source c3ref/finalize.html, checked-by: th3/req1/finalize01.test)

R-60344-21573-43141-53224-31246-51025-51087-34354

The SQLite query planner might use the estimated row size information provided by the "sz=NNN" token to help it choose smaller tables and indexes that require less disk I/O. (source fileformat2.html)

R-60349-29862-22141-07811-21559-44331-23137-45760

This API is only available if the library was compiled with the SQLITE_ENABLE_UNLOCK_NOTIFY C-preprocessor symbol defined. (source c3ref/unlock_notify.html)

R-60355-64447-23225-33179-21170-11020-20743-59440

On success, the sqlite3_prepare() family of routines return SQLITE_OK; otherwise an error code is returned. (source c3ref/prepare.html, checked-by: th3/req1/prepare01.test)

R-60364-48303-16474-64960-19278-15379-28844-42689

The sqlite3_mutex_try() interface returns SQLITE_OK upon successful entry. (source c3ref/mutex_alloc.html)

R-60389-26911-28107-48751-35058-52596-03462-21420

Format 12 is the Julian day number expressed as a floating point value. (source lang_datefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/date01.test)

R-60470-29837-23817-60993-08685-62249-11012-03852

The normal ROWID selection algorithm described above will generate monotonically increasing unique ROWIDs as long as you never use the maximum ROWID value and you never delete the entry in the table with the largest ROWID. (source autoinc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/autoinc01.test)

R-60516-64103-60731-31538-24132-02538-08166-64982

The column on the left side of the GLOB operator must always use the built-in BINARY collating sequence or no attempt will be made to optimize that operator with indices. (source optoverview.html)

R-60541-63059-13982-01066-19481-07947-17056-17575

Running VACUUM to rebuild the database reclaims this space and reduces the size of the database file. (source lang_vacuum.html, checked-by: tcl/e_vacuum.test)

R-60616-50251-50131-13271-23159-13048-15084-43797

If the default value of a column is an expression in parentheses, then the expression is evaluated once for each row inserted and the results used in the new row. (source lang_createtable.html, checked-by: tcl/e_createtable.test)

R-60626-59740-27448-56337-63939-00650-38940-26585

All query parameters are always passed through into the xOpen method of the VFS even if they are previously read and interpreted by the SQLite core. (source uri.html)

R-60642-19118-34635-14970-63611-19282-03834-09741

If L is greater than zero then integers with array indexes between 2 and L+1 inclusive contain page numbers for freelist leaf pages. (source fileformat2.html)

R-60735-46752-55529-42699-37701-47683-08130-22396

BLOBs are encoded as hexadecimal literals. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/func02.test)

R-60758-29241-24503-58415-42517-14147-34293-65020

The RELEASE command causes all savepoints back to and including the most recent savepoint with a matching name to be removed from the transaction stack. (source lang_savepoint.html)

R-60770-10612-35184-24244-53222-19878-52254-20031

One of the ALL or DISTINCT keywords may follow the SELECT keyword in a simple SELECT statement. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-60775-64916-04549-62415-27709-55207-27671-06558

If a WHERE clause is specified, the WHERE expression is evaluated for each row in the input data as a boolean expression. Only rows for which the WHERE clause expression evaluates to true are included from the dataset before continuing. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-60781-26576-03771-52660-52946-42108-23315-08752

Foreign key DML errors are may be reported if: The parent table does not exist, or The parent key columns named in the foreign key constraint do not exist, or The parent key columns named in the foreign key constraint are not the primary key of the parent table and are not subject to a unique constraint using collating sequence specified in the CREATE TABLE, or The child table references the primary key of the parent without specifying the primary key columns and the number of primary key columns in the parent do not match the number of child key columns. (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys07.test)

R-60813-08986-02359-37993-40551-24945-25887-06253

If another thread is already within the mutex, sqlite3_mutex_enter() will block and sqlite3_mutex_try() will return SQLITE_BUSY. (source c3ref/mutex_alloc.html)

R-60831-05341-23362-01720-38236-12013-65294-04816

The argument is may be either in parentheses or it may be separated from the pragma name by an equal sign. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma01.test)

R-60847-23088-26338-62504-62756-09883-12693-64364

If there is no metadata associated with the function argument, this sqlite3_get_auxdata() interface returns a NULL pointer. (source c3ref/get_auxdata.html)

R-60863-39805-51062-37396-52011-17839-31882-22346

When text data is inserted into a NUMERIC column, the storage class of the text is converted to INTEGER or REAL (in order of preference) if such conversion is lossless and reversible. (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_01.test)

R-60876-64599-55796-06816-32195-01348-28462-53334

The sqlite3_value_text16() interface extracts a UTF-16 string in the native byte-order of the host machine. (source c3ref/value_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/value02.test, th3/req1/value03.test)

R-60985-57662-04483-59248-10439-16937-18279-52954

SQLite will convert the value back to floating point when extracting it from the record. (source fileformat2.html)

R-60996-19001-21157-19756-27838-17053-60503-46670

The LIKE optimization is not attempted if there is an EXCEPT phrase on the LIKE operator. (source optoverview.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/where03.test)

R-61005-38009-10424-51044-09118-00847-38862-56166

The third column is the name of the database file itself, or an empty string if the database is not associated with a file. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma14.test)

R-61006-08918-45261-48717-64220-57830-55931-08839

If the memory pointer is not NULL then the alternative memory allocator is engaged to handle all of SQLites memory allocation needs. (source c3ref/c_config_covering_index_scan.html, checked-by: src/main.c)

R-61011-49942-02510-58821-51919-09145-23706-24617

If an sqlite3_exec() callback returns non-zero, the sqlite3_exec() routine returns SQLITE_ABORT without invoking the callback again and without running any subsequent SQL statements. (source c3ref/exec.html, checked-by: th3/req1/exec01.test)

R-61021-48434-13024-29200-26616-34663-08703-60511

SQLite will use the memory provided by the first argument to satisfy its memory needs for the first N pages that it adds to cache. (source c3ref/c_config_covering_index_scan.html)

R-61057-06282-34752-62385-16178-37477-62681-46915

When selecting the order of tables in a join, SQLite uses an efficient polynomial-time algorithm. (source optoverview.html)

R-61080-17963-44773-61437-15478-48991-05148-21886

The soft heap limit is not enforced in the current implementation if one or more of following conditions are true: The soft heap limit is set to zero. Memory accounting is disabled using a combination of the sqlite3_config(SQLITE_CONFIG_MEMSTATUS,...) start-time option and the SQLITE_DEFAULT_MEMSTATUS compile-time option. An alternative page cache implementation is specified using sqlite3_config(SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE2,...). The page cache allocates from its own memory pool supplied by sqlite3_config(SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE,...) rather than from the heap. (source c3ref/soft_heap_limit64.html, checked-by: th3/req1/softheaplimit02.test)

R-61141-39803-04912-41496-05961-04473-04345-36188

The value of the default cache size is stored in the 4-byte big-endian integer located at offset 48 in the header of the database file. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma09.test)

R-61151-08373-36171-36206-10595-19729-59129-04462

The rules for determining which collating function to use for a binary comparison operator (=, <, >, <=, >=, !=, IS, and IS NOT) are as follows and in the order shown: (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_09.test)

R-61172-15671-64149-04052-46334-28337-33946-53778

The DROP TRIGGER statement removes a trigger created by the CREATE TRIGGER statement. (source lang_droptrigger.html, checked-by: slt/slt_lang_droptrigger.test, tcl/e_droptrigger.test)

R-61177-47713-20456-53383-60828-21202-49535-63505

The sqlite3_vfs_find() interface returns a pointer to a VFS given its name. (source c3ref/vfs_find.html, checked-by: th3/req1/vfs01.test)

R-61189-52809-58613-48789-49594-50841-42659-38002

If the function pointer is not NULL, it is invoked by sqlite3_log() to process each logging event. (source c3ref/c_config_covering_index_scan.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/log01.test)

R-61209-06413-51781-11352-22820-24005-55507-30248

SQLite will always allocate at least mxPathname+1 bytes for the output buffer xFullPathname. (source c3ref/vfs.html, checked-by: th3/th3testvfs.c)

R-61241-11973-05308-06384-59636-46330-32526-49143

A zeroblob uses a fixed amount of memory (just an integer to hold its size) while it is being processed. (source c3ref/bind_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/bind02.test)

R-61275-35157-49893-43294-29165-05746-06508-08638

The SQLITE_CONFIG_MEMSTATUS option takes single argument of type int, interpreted as a boolean, which enables or disables the collection of memory allocation statistics. (source c3ref/c_config_covering_index_scan.html, checked-by: src/main.c, th3/th3main.c)

R-61304-29449-15087-21131-58882-51770-33861-39357

The unlikely(X) function is equivalent to likelihood(X, 0.0625). (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: src/resolve.c)

R-61362-32087-29784-51692-52137-61704-15338-45644

Attempting to insert a row into the track table that does not correspond to any row in the artist table will fail, (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys01.test)

R-61373-41876-19091-55865-04211-37011-28922-20686

Each column name can be followed by one of the "ASC" or "DESC" keywords to indicate sort order. (source lang_createindex.html, checked-by: th3/req1/createidx02.test)

R-61376-43478-41054-59749-08806-37073-25549-48326

The glob(X,Y) function is equivalent to the expression "Y GLOB X". (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/func01.test)

R-61376-57267-60176-57380-17573-65142-26150-27865

A "CASCADE" action propagates the delete or update operation on the parent key to each dependent child key. (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys16.test)

R-61406-01422-12165-06477-03063-10518-53004-15686

The sqlite_master.type column will be one of the following text strings: 'table', 'index', 'view', or 'trigger' according to the type of object defined. The 'table' string is used for both ordinary and virtual tables. (source fileformat2.html)

R-61427-46983-18669-51894-26690-07828-25787-33323

For example, a query like the following might be used to find all R*Tree entries that overlap with a circle centered a 45.3,22.9 with a radius of 5.0: SELECT id FROM demo_index WHERE id MATCH circle(45.3, 22.9, 5.0) (source rtree.html)

R-61430-55629-14606-55181-61950-28043-41747-60450

If an out-of-memory condition or IO error occurred during any prior sqlite3_backup_step() call on the same sqlite3_backup object, then sqlite3_backup_finish() returns the corresponding error code. (source c3ref/backup_finish.html)

R-61435-31567-58098-41334-50609-21089-31560-63690

The returned string is always UTF-8 encoded. (source c3ref/column_decltype.html)

R-61449-07528-25918-54581-50691-46240-35761-07017

If the 4th parameter to the sqlite3_result_text* interfaces or to sqlite3_result_blob is the special constant SQLITE_STATIC, then SQLite assumes that the text or BLOB result is in constant space and does not copy the content of the parameter nor call a destructor on the content when it has finished using that result. (source c3ref/result_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/result02.test)

R-61533-25862-33162-64388-19135-16857-63238-64063

The SQLite R*Tree implementation does not support R*Trees wider than 5 dimensions. (source rtree.html)

R-61533-26777-10805-19639-06010-35256-55057-28233

The sqlite3_result_int64() interface sets the return value of the application-defined function to be the 64-bit signed integer value given in the 2nd argument. (source c3ref/result_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/result01.test)

R-61561-09244-64416-20951-61914-64570-44208-64280

SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE The database is opened for reading and writing if possible, or reading only if the file is write protected by the operating system. In either case the database must already exist, otherwise an error is returned. (source c3ref/open.html)

R-61562-13487-33758-31073-47966-53384-12179-59162

The xCurrentTime() method returns a Julian Day Number for the current date and time as a floating point value. (source c3ref/vfs.html, checked-by: th3/th3testvfs.c)

R-61616-46700-48571-17878-11289-09346-32706-45031

Similar queries may be run if the content of the parent key is modified or a new row is inserted into the parent table. (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys10.test)

R-61726-11117-39197-35640-53612-54106-15944-36516

SQLITE_LIMIT_TRIGGER_DEPTH The maximum depth of recursion for triggers. (source c3ref/c_limit_attached.html, checked-by: th3/req1/limit02.test)

R-61766-15253-61535-09888-08438-64512-26902-02870

Executing any other type of SQL statement does not affect the value returned by sqlite3_total_changes(). (source c3ref/total_changes.html, checked-by: tcl/e_totalchanges.test)

R-61808-14344-47257-03994-26724-50964-10589-13190

The sqlite3_update_hook() interface does not fire callbacks for changes to a WITHOUT ROWID table. (source withoutrowid.html, checked-by: tcl/hook.test, th3/cov1/main15.test)

R-61809-62207-01008-46404-05799-53014-10578-37094

For an "ON DELETE CASCADE" action, this means that each row in the child table that was associated with the deleted parent row is also deleted. (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys16.test)

R-61815-26679-56101-35658-51912-28874-35291-46177

SQLite will invoke sqlite3_free() on *pzErrMsg after xEntryPoint() returns. (source c3ref/auto_extension.html, checked-by: th3/req1/autoext01.test)

R-61839-52333-58577-62900-39033-24200-06973-14092

This interface is used to retrieve and reset counter values from a prepared statement. The first argument is the prepared statement object to be interrogated. The second argument is an integer code for a specific SQLITE_STMTSTATUS counter to be interrogated. (source c3ref/stmt_status.html)

R-61854-19914-11596-34735-37969-17089-57602-12373

The sqlite3_finalize(S) routine can be called at any point during the life cycle of prepared statement S: before statement S is ever evaluated, after one or more calls to sqlite3_reset(), or after any call to sqlite3_step() regardless of whether or not the statement has completed execution. (source c3ref/finalize.html, checked-by: th3/req1/finalize01.test)

R-61888-49680-38370-22600-14954-58148-33546-00932

SQLite invokes the xCreate() method to construct a new cache instance. (source c3ref/pcache_methods2.html)

R-61914-48074-43351-14056-51344-34537-46858-37537

If the table is initially empty, then a ROWID of 1 is used. (source autoinc.html, checked-by: src/vdbe.c, th3/req1/autoinc01.test)

R-61915-31690-21946-53304-13926-27111-60628-08373

The sqlite3_file_control() interface makes a direct call to the xFileControl method for the sqlite3_io_methods object associated with a particular database identified by the second argument. (source c3ref/file_control.html)

R-61942-17018-62236-02362-42701-24808-41313-47258

An SQL statement can be preceded by the keyword "EXPLAIN" or by the phrase "EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN". (source lang_explain.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/vdbeaux01.test)

R-61949-35727-14867-12999-21207-20215-20581-25391

The first argument after the SQLITE_DBCONFIG_LOOKASIDE verb may be NULL in which case SQLite will allocate the lookaside buffer itself using sqlite3_malloc(). (source c3ref/c_dbconfig_enable_fkey.html, checked-by: src/main.c, th3/req1/dbconfig01.test)

R-61972-47750-14652-28694-02794-16402-15502-30377

If SQLite is compiled and configured to support threadsafe database connections, then the source database connection may be used concurrently from within other threads. (source c3ref/backup_finish.html)

R-61975-13410-23961-36433-37989-49063-55179-53550

It is not possible for an IS or IS NOT expression to evaluate to NULL. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-61987-00541-30628-29518-50059-37734-56753-06843

SQLITE_LIMIT_LENGTH The maximum size of any string or BLOB or table row, in bytes. (source c3ref/c_limit_attached.html, checked-by: th3/req1/limit01.test)

R-62039-61571-24368-30333-11201-30520-56861-22686

Semicolons that are embedded within string literals or quoted identifier names or comments are not independent tokens (they are part of the token in which they are embedded) and thus do not count as a statement terminator. (source c3ref/complete.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/complete01.test)

R-62073-11209-24210-38287-05077-10013-43316-09914

The changes() SQL function is a wrapper around the sqlite3_changes() C/C++ function and hence follows the same rules for counting changes. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: src/func.c)

R-62084-05956-21371-24273-03009-23026-15537-48661

The typeof(X) function returns a string that indicates the datatype of the expression X: "null", "integer", "real", "text", or "blob". (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/func04.test)

R-62098-31964-50805-21241-10330-01586-45989-63464

The date() function returns the date in this format: YYYY-MM-DD. (source lang_datefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/date01.test)

R-62101-33764-02885-01676-40188-04354-35995-63967

The transaction names need not be unique. (source lang_savepoint.html)

R-62103-54815-14934-53724-30869-15955-58646-34076

If the busy callback is NULL, then SQLITE_BUSY is returned immediately upon encountering the lock. (source c3ref/busy_handler.html)

R-62112-42456-10685-52365-06071-10785-51242-17242

If the query optimizer is unable to use the index specified by the INDEX BY clause, then the query will fail with an error. (source lang_indexedby.html)

R-62139-20964-30258-06406-62558-17842-12310-23723

The sqlite3_mutex_alloc() routine allocates a new mutex and returns a pointer to it. (source c3ref/mutex_alloc.html)

R-62172-00036-57834-47035-33859-45076-31922-24757

In this implementation, the standard C library function localtime_r() is used to assist in the calculation of local time. (source lang_datefunc.html, checked-by: src/date.c)

R-62267-62884-09796-14012-16099-39965-57946-58351

New automatically generated integer primary keys for AUTOINCREMENT tables are guaranteed to be larger than the sqlite_sequence. (source fileformat2.html)

R-62291-37402-63159-44375-18587-14784-42471-08644

The SQLITE_UTF16_ALIGNED value for eTextRep forces strings to begin on an even byte address. (source c3ref/create_collation.html, checked-by: th3/req1/createcoll01.test)

R-62291-48401-09187-39181-50628-35603-55893-32208

In the extreme case where the columns being indexed cover all columns of the PRIMARY KEY, the index will consist of only the columns being indexed. The ex25acde example above demonstrates this. (source fileformat2.html)

R-62327-53843-00789-05763-27259-51867-41833-27488

For CURRENT_TIME, the format of the value is "HH:MM:SS". (source lang_createtable.html, checked-by: tcl/e_createtable.test)

R-62338-03151-32833-50529-63145-58374-11729-12446

Comments can appear anywhere whitespace can occur, including inside expressions and in the middle of other SQL statements. (source lang_comment.html, checked-by: th3/req1/comment01.test)

R-62351-41098-13416-45377-12823-43101-65354-24349

The %q option works like %s in that it substitutes a nul-terminated string from the argument list. But %q also doubles every '\'' character. %q is designed for use inside a string literal. (source c3ref/mprintf.html, checked-by: th3/req1/malloc01.test)

R-62380-26708-45604-24232-06189-26790-29124-54464

For any given query, the fact that the OR-clause optimization described here can be used does not guarantee that it will be used. (source optoverview.html)

R-62406-19374-15611-19215-61037-24367-51028-27326

The SQLITE_OPEN_DELETEONCLOSE will be set for TEMP databases and their journals, transient databases, and subjournals. (source c3ref/vfs.html, checked-by: th3/th3testvfs.c)

R-62450-40032-48633-16143-21492-49055-31149-65125

The sqlite3_result_error_toobig() interface causes SQLite to throw an error indicating that a string or BLOB is too long to represent. (source c3ref/result_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/result01.test)

R-62469-05091-48869-23817-54734-43619-45624-64340

New SQL statements that are started after the running statement count reaches zero are not effected by the sqlite3_interrupt(). (source c3ref/interrupt.html)

R-62477-06476-47005-06861-24657-48512-17530-06708

For example, the values NULL, 0.0, 0, 'english' and '0' are all considered to be false. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-62557-09390-19199-07054-57696-39577-58389-44787

SQLite uses the path component of the URI as the name of the disk file which contains the database. (source c3ref/open.html, checked-by: tcl/e_uri.test)

R-62598-50665-64934-51801-32415-41213-44232-38622

If an error occurs while running sqlite3_backup_step(B,N), then an error code is returned. (source c3ref/backup_finish.html)

R-62610-51329-57761-33466-25437-21860-03475-27712

A dollar-sign followed by an identifier name also holds a spot for a named parameter with the name $AAAA. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-62632-06079-21053-35147-03546-21377-45684-59837

The sqlite_master.sql column stores SQL text that describes the object. This SQL text is a CREATE TABLE, CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE, CREATE INDEX, CREATE VIEW, or CREATE TRIGGER statement that if evaluated against the database file when it is the main database of a database connection would recreated the object. (source fileformat2.html)

R-62671-45936-15699-15939-47274-39312-22685-45097

Coincidentally, that same index is useful for locating the team leader of a particular team: SELECT person_id FROM person WHERE is_team_leader AND team_id=?1; (source partialindex.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/index01.test)

R-62702-40333-38179-40885-41988-22128-55744-38762

If for some reason, sqlite3_initialize() is unable to initialize the library (perhaps it is unable to allocate a needed resource such as a mutex) it returns an error code other than SQLITE_OK. (source c3ref/initialize.html)

R-62740-39384-05078-12157-18759-37018-24032-16854

To change from "full" or "incremental" back to "none" always requires running VACUUM even on an empty database. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma07.test)

R-62782-27113-42237-60058-30893-13916-02478-23717

The module name is registered on the database connection specified by the first parameter. (source c3ref/create_module.html)

R-62787-27093-28776-07696-30673-33201-48142-02108

The new journal mode is returned. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma23.test)

R-62792-33996-11773-03176-05046-17928-37966-25264

Note that "±NNN months" works by rendering the original date into the YYYY-MM-DD format, adding the ±NNN to the MM month value, then normalizing the result. (source lang_datefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/date01.test)

R-62804-28221-24652-30727-46370-42129-23035-01106

The "legacy" schema format (1) ignores index sort order. (source lang_createindex.html, checked-by: th3/req1/createidx02.test)

R-62839-07969-20835-12393-10949-34728-00422-57830

The fourth column is the index of the specific foreign key constraint that failed. (source pragma.html, checked-by: tcl/fkey5.test, th3/cov1/fkey23.test)

R-62860-04741-41366-30406-60752-17856-14374-30516

If the blocked connection is attempting to obtain a write-lock on a shared-cache table, and more than one other connection currently holds a read-lock on the same table, then SQLite arbitrarily selects one of the other connections to use as the blocking connection. (source c3ref/unlock_notify.html)

R-62898-22698-26165-43256-00813-48770-03104-06155

This function is used to write data into an open BLOB handle from a caller-supplied buffer. N bytes of data are copied from the buffer Z into the open BLOB, starting at offset iOffset. (source c3ref/blob_write.html, checked-by: tcl/e_blobwrite.test)

R-62913-19830-16030-42655-41174-29116-40982-36331

Otherwise, it is evaluated against a single arbitrarily chosen row from within the group. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-62934-49871-09497-07917-16073-27879-22193-01874

The in-header database size is always valid when the database is only modified using recent versions of SQLite (versions 3.7.0 and later). (source fileformat2.html)

R-62953-16283-60973-36600-59526-31076-28505-32788

The sqlite3_result_error() and sqlite3_result_error16() functions cause the implemented SQL function to throw an exception. (source c3ref/result_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/result01.test)

R-63048-43246-17135-38740-38774-19406-60211-40776

The number of freelist pages is stored as a 4-byte big-endian integer in the database header at an offset of 36 from the beginning of the file. (source fileformat2.html)

R-63057-40065-06939-62026-28343-23740-17584-22706

The printf(FORMAT,...) SQL function works like the sqlite3_mprintf() C-language function and the printf() function from the standard C library. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: tcl/printf2.test, th3/cov1/printf08.test)

R-63075-15970-39501-22460-58793-43455-08281-02350

Once the view is created, it can be used in the FROM clause of another SELECT in place of a table name. (source lang_createview.html)

R-63084-42258-54235-44279-08664-11821-33988-63457

Calling sqlite3_blob_bytes() on an aborted blob handle always returns zero. (source c3ref/blob_reopen.html, checked-by: th3/req1/blob01.test)

R-63088-37469-41348-62985-35702-04852-27256-05198

Tables child6 and child7 are incorrect because while both have UNIQUE indices on their parent keys, the keys are not an exact match to the columns of a single UNIQUE index. (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys07.test)

R-63107-29542-42038-49029-17221-49854-37760-53513

The sixth argument to sqlite3_bind_text64() must be one of SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_UTF16, SQLITE_UTF16BE, or SQLITE_UTF16LE to specify the encoding of the text in the third parameter. (source c3ref/bind_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/bind01.test)

R-63119-53774-25938-08953-42086-26261-27933-12483

New database files created by SQLite use format 4 by default. (source fileformat2.html)

R-63124-39300-47744-26489-17674-09834-33571-10965

The sqlite3_sourceid() function returns a pointer to a string constant whose value is the same as the SQLITE_SOURCE_ID C preprocessor macro. (source c3ref/libversion.html, checked-by: src/main.c, th3/th3main.c)

R-63138-42446-16317-19373-58144-17163-01725-20742

If none of the arguments to max() define a collating function, then the BINARY collating function is used. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/func03.test)

R-63158-42531-36923-32686-05307-30173-57746-45416

These APIs are only available if the library was compiled with the SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA C-preprocessor symbol. (source c3ref/column_database_name.html)

R-63167-05205-45599-43338-46949-25227-48175-10749

A virtual table is destroyed using the ordinary DROP TABLE statement. (source lang_createvtab.html)

R-63235-50818-32083-65430-57291-26103-11022-63065

When the payload of a b-tree cell is too large for the b-tree page, the surplus is spilled onto overflow pages. (source fileformat2.html)

R-63257-11740-13370-40315-30257-30447-50403-36483

Calling sqlite3_close() or sqlite3_close_v2() with a NULL pointer argument is a harmless no-op. (source c3ref/close.html, checked-by: src/main.c, th3/cov1/main23.test)

R-63260-45699-31431-11817-19083-14661-24808-60223

The default encoding will be UTF-8 for databases created using sqlite3_open() or sqlite3_open_v2(). (source c3ref/open.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/main12.test)

R-63281-20212-62039-35222-60844-35741-46546-02642

PRAGMA freelist_count; Return the number of unused pages in the database file. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma21.test)

R-63285-37134-15488-58217-13163-52553-20689-06808

In the SQL statement text input to sqlite3_prepare_v2() and its variants, literals may be replaced by a parameter that matches one of following templates: ? ?NNN :VVV @VVV $VVV In the templates above, NNN represents an integer literal, and VVV represents an alphanumeric identifier. (source c3ref/bind_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/bind01.test)

R-63286-51977-31491-11604-12483-48115-04561-38158

If the ORDER BY expression is an identifier that corresponds to the alias of one of the output columns, then the expression is considered an alias for that column. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-63294-00538-51136-33751-00245-32067-21028-12625

When all collating functions having the same name are deleted, that collation is no longer usable. (source c3ref/create_collation.html, checked-by: th3/req1/createcoll01.test)

R-63298-27030-17109-21513-26476-43157-51997-36280

Triggers may be created on views, as well as ordinary tables, by specifying INSTEAD OF in the CREATE TRIGGER statement. (source lang_createtrigger.html)

R-63325-48378-49771-42071-13733-04560-14136-48632

The SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE2 option takes a single argument which is a pointer to an sqlite3_pcache_methods2 object. This object specifies the interface to a custom page cache implementation. (source c3ref/c_config_covering_index_scan.html, checked-by: src/main.c, th3/th3pcache.c)

R-63341-57517-64693-29591-34989-59774-15075-48148

If the BLOB handle passed as the first argument was not opened for writing (the flags parameter to sqlite3_blob_open() was zero), this function returns SQLITE_READONLY. (source c3ref/blob_write.html, checked-by: tcl/e_blobwrite.test)

R-63408-55464-37825-38820-53279-17116-24066-22476

All subsequent calls to sqlite3_blob_read(), sqlite3_blob_write() or sqlite3_blob_reopen() on an aborted blob handle immediately return SQLITE_ABORT. (source c3ref/blob_reopen.html, checked-by: th3/req1/blob01.test)

R-63421-15521-37250-06535-51349-22995-65191-63992

This means that, provided the API is not misused, it is always safe to call sqlite3_blob_close() on *ppBlob after this function it returns. (source c3ref/blob_open.html, checked-by: tcl/e_blobopen.test)

R-63435-12225-33829-37402-17211-27130-05815-22642

The sqlite3_get_autocommit() interface returns non-zero or zero if the given database connection is or is not in autocommit mode, respectively. (source c3ref/get_autocommit.html)

R-63443-09418-01239-16017-27553-21198-10588-27536

Every WITHOUT ROWID table must have a PRIMARY KEY. (source withoutrowid.html, checked-by: tcl/without_rowid5.test, th3/cov1/withoutrowid01.test)

R-63464-64949-61376-49766-27105-42623-27880-27478

If an application uses more than one database connection then application-defined SQL functions must be added to each database connection separately. (source c3ref/create_function.html, checked-by: th3/req1/createfunc01.test)

R-63472-46769-27275-37406-54575-06040-42542-11572

Specifying an unknown parameter in the query component of a URI is not an error. (source c3ref/open.html, checked-by: tcl/e_uri.test)

R-63519-36751-50402-28921-52304-51801-25208-52249

The load_extension(X,Y) function loads SQLite extensions out of the shared library file named X using the entry point Y. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/func03.test)

R-63522-46088-33895-54497-03733-53184-07098-33228

The only way to change out of EXCLUSIVE locking mode is to first change out of WAL journal mode. (source wal.html, checked-by: tcl/e_wal.test, th3/req1/pragma05.test)

R-63573-50730-47689-26625-21808-11120-05729-38640

The expressions in a GROUP BY clause may not be aggregate expressions. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-63582-45120-10136-38887-13737-27800-47314-58816

A negative value is interpreted as "no limit". (source lang_update.html, checked-by: tcl/e_update.test)

R-63614-47421-34077-31697-65388-09052-31073-41571

If a column-list is specified, the number of columns in the result of the SELECT must be the same as the number of items in the column-list. (source lang_insert.html, checked-by: tcl/e_insert.test)

R-63640-30478-19678-56353-44269-64088-00727-27253

PRAGMA max_page_count; PRAGMA max_page_count = N; Query or set the maximum number of pages in the database file. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma12.test)

R-63656-25792-13227-10920-63493-08567-09592-14766

The sqlite3_db_handle interface returns the database connection handle to which a prepared statement belongs. (source c3ref/db_handle.html, checked-by: th3/req1/dbhandle01.test)

R-63660-13730-40361-36600-49819-61310-05389-38402

OLD and NEW references may only be used in triggers on events for which they are relevant, as follows: INSERT NEW references are valid UPDATE NEW and OLD references are valid DELETE OLD references are valid (source lang_createtrigger.html, checked-by: slt/slt_lang_createtrigger.test)

R-63666-48755-16443-16891-11864-30751-29625-02647

If SQLite is compiled with the SQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 compile-time option then the entire mutexing subsystem is omitted from the build and hence calls to sqlite3_config() with the SQLITE_CONFIG_MUTEX configuration option will return SQLITE_ERROR. (source c3ref/c_config_covering_index_scan.html, checked-by: src/main.c, th3/th3main.c)

R-63672-25227-17465-07864-20680-40543-20473-50716

The outputs s0 and s1 are both weighted checksums using Fibonacci weights in reverse order. (source fileformat2.html)

R-63697-19365-62485-52298-29987-32888-31412-50224

Calls to sqlite3_db_config() return SQLITE_OK if and only if the call is considered successful. (source c3ref/db_config.html, checked-by: th3/req1/dbconfig01.test)

R-63721-11986-01337-51273-44360-30402-45045-08949

With the "v2" interface, any of the other result codes or extended result codes might be returned as well. (source c3ref/step.html)

R-63725-33821-44537-37255-59793-46389-19158-48724

Compute the date of the first Tuesday in October for the current year. SELECT date('now','start of year','+9 months','weekday 2'); (source lang_datefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/date01.test)

R-63738-52347-58409-58888-44272-05587-23717-04052

The first two forms of this pragma query the current journaling mode for database. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma23.test)

R-63742-65009-14401-02244-32779-40518-14763-45993

The LIKE optimization is not attempted if the right-hand side is a parameter and the statement was prepared using sqlite3_prepare() or sqlite3_prepare16(). (source optoverview.html)

R-63748-42498-08000-42048-14533-30815-48804-51551

The sqlite3_shutdown() routine deallocates any resources that were allocated by sqlite3_initialize(). (source c3ref/initialize.html)

R-63761-48810-50941-29491-45550-32077-62798-10177


(source lang_createtrigger.html)

R-63806-59621-53713-38948-48550-43673-56726-15716

If the resetFlg is true, then the highest instantaneous value is reset back down to the current value. (source c3ref/db_status.html, checked-by: th3/req1/dbstatus01.test)

R-63827-07147-50106-23079-54369-23240-21585-39525

To read a page from the database (call it page number P), a reader first checks the WAL to see if it contains page P. If so, then the last valid instance of page P that is followed by a commit frame or is a commit frame itself becomes the value read. (source fileformat2.html)

R-63827-54774-55681-65216-20145-09613-22847-12086

The text of the child CREATE TABLE statement or statements stored in the sqlite_master table are modified to reflect the new parent table name. (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys21.test)

R-63860-02697-07339-29588-22030-08918-47419-18368

On second and subsequent calls to sqlite3_aggregate_context() for the same aggregate function instance, the same buffer is returned. (source c3ref/aggregate_context.html, checked-by: th3/req1/aggcntx01.test)

R-63967-10740-31078-31148-41041-55599-05562-25747

The unary + is a no-op and will not generate any byte code in the prepared statement. (source optoverview.html)

R-64004-53814-05259-60925-08012-55166-06006-38537

If there is no OFFSET clause, or the calculated integer value is negative, the effective OFFSET value is zero. (source lang_delete.html, checked-by: tcl/e_delete.test)

R-64016-22984-52243-31154-04159-15253-33575-11293

A column with NUMERIC affinity may contain values using all five storage classes. (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_01.test)

R-64017-26165-55276-08272-52106-53519-03640-42248

The sqlite3_finalize() function is called to delete a prepared statement. (source c3ref/finalize.html, checked-by: th3/req1/finalize01.test)

R-64021-07698-52025-10986-56394-35084-34302-37940

If the write-ahead log is enabled (via the journal_mode pragma), this pragma causes a checkpoint operation to run on database database, or on all attached databases if database is omitted. (source pragma.html)

R-64032-17389-14849-50560-10397-51267-05389-65161

If the sqlite_stat1.idx column is NULL, then the sqlite_stat1.stat column contains a single integer which is the approximate number of rows in the table identified by sqlite_stat1.tbl. (source fileformat2.html)

R-64049-08691-55124-50671-44406-19697-22475-30547

The expression "a IN (x, y, z, ...)" is equivalent to "a = +x OR a = +y OR a = +z OR ...". (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_05.test)

R-64056-51992-26922-35831-30879-15759-20002-65102

date(timestring, modifier, modifier, ...) (source lang_datefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/date01.test)

R-64082-04685-34430-02984-31872-50387-26964-32862

No database changes are rolled back. (source lang_createtrigger.html)

R-64084-34068-10533-17147-27964-33413-01127-42503

The fifth argument to the BLOB and string binding interfaces is a destructor used to dispose of the BLOB or string after SQLite has finished with it. (source c3ref/bind_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/bind01.test)

R-64087-16721-24549-03626-61388-00881-27968-63331

If the SQLITE_OPEN_FULLMUTEX flag is set then the database connection opens in the serialized threading mode unless single-thread was previously selected at compile-time or start-time. (source c3ref/open.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/main12.test)

R-64107-03133-60846-38260-58078-31674-53966-09002

The nullif(X,Y) function searches its arguments from left to right for an argument that defines a collating function and uses that collating function for all string comparisons. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/func03.test)

R-64130-24369-52120-61237-04539-27042-01288-33957

The substr(X,Y,Z) function returns a substring of input string X that begins with the Y-th character and which is Z characters long. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/func02.test)

R-64138-28774-62367-40797-31143-24203-38235-49085

An aggregate query without a GROUP BY clause always returns exactly one row of data, even if there are zero rows of input data. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-64181-14613-53701-06072-07396-32468-31782-52687

The string returned by sqlite_source_id() begins with the date and time that the source code was checked in and is follows by an SHA1 hash that uniquely identifies the source tree. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/func03.test)

R-64196-02418-34530-60079-02261-31119-19452-38352

The optional "database-name." prefix on the table-name is support for top-level INSERT statements only. (source lang_insert.html, checked-by: tcl/e_insert.test)

R-64199-22471-28685-05688-45410-48917-35278-06379

If the ORDER BY expression is assigned a collation sequence using the postfix COLLATE operator, then the specified collation sequence is used. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-64203-64297-25977-44727-61905-56050-52768-56293

The same SQL function may be registered multiple times using different preferred text encodings, with different implementations for each encoding. (source c3ref/create_function.html, checked-by: th3/req1/createfunc04.test)

R-64212-57783-04701-61046-11389-10494-13755-04937

When enabled, this PRAGMA causes SELECT statements without an ORDER BY clause to emit their results in the reverse order of what they normally would. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma27.test)

R-64224-62578-03972-01663-15299-36598-00230-00133

If an UPDATE statement attempts to set an integer primary key or rowid column to a NULL or blob value, or to a string or real value that cannot be losslessly converted to an integer, a "datatype mismatch" error occurs and the statement is aborted. (source lang_createtable.html, checked-by: tcl/e_createtable.test)

R-64249-42392-53555-26523-38701-52551-63844-05212

The ltrim(X,Y) function returns a string formed by removing any and all characters that appear in Y from the left side of X. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/func02.test)

R-64276-00534-35608-51878-49907-08473-11116-64004

Any existing statements prepared using the legacy sqlite3_prepare() interface may fail with an SQLITE_SCHEMA error after the foreign_keys setting is changed. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma19.test)

R-64289-59712-08200-55443-13754-27790-58609-59875

RESTART blocks database writers while it is running, but not database readers. (source pragma.html)

R-64317-38978-24132-13511-50003-08766-02219-42213

The other columns are pairs, one pair per dimension, containing the minimum and maximum values for that dimension, respectively. (source rtree.html)

R-64324-28127-56247-07957-53732-02733-48072-24920

A TEXT value is less than a BLOB value. (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_04.test)

R-64365-33714-02196-49679-58449-42596-39965-50249

SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_HIT This parameter returns the number of pager cache hits that have occurred. (source c3ref/c_dbstatus_options.html)

R-64451-07163-52994-32419-24914-21127-60728-58807

The soft_heap_limit pragma always returns the same integer that would be returned by the sqlite3_soft_heap_limit64(-1) C-language function. (source pragma.html)

R-64470-55820-31502-18212-19924-05102-35790-30152

Calling this routine with an argument less than or equal to zero turns off all busy handlers. (source c3ref/busy_timeout.html)

R-64479-57858-30969-38404-45379-17984-36095-58502

The highwater mark associated with SQLITE_DBSTATUS_STMT_USED is always 0. (source c3ref/c_dbstatus_options.html, checked-by: src/status.c, th3/req1/dbstatus01.test)

R-64486-07109-38818-39912-16477-45635-40659-20062

All five date and time functions take a time string as an argument. (source lang_datefunc.html, checked-by: th3/req1/date01.test)

R-64488-01207-41542-36370-36584-38548-35733-59275

The temp_store_directory pragma can be used to specify the directory containing temporary files when FILE is specified. (source pragma.html)

R-64528-42778-02888-51810-06932-64442-58390-22409

If the 3rd parameter to the sqlite3_result_text* interfaces is non-negative, then as many bytes (not characters) of the text pointed to by the 2nd parameter are taken as the application-defined function result. (source c3ref/result_blob.html, checked-by: th3/req1/result02.test)

R-64531-59395-59522-15917-19627-46695-59010-51244

Invoking this pragma without an argument is equivalent to calling the sqlite3_wal_checkpoint() C interface. (source pragma.html)

R-64535-08414-56299-20863-17793-59913-52096-13773

If there are less than N rows remaining after taking the OFFSET clause into account, or if the LIMIT clause evaluated to a negative value, then all remaining rows are deleted. (source lang_delete.html, checked-by: tcl/e_delete.test)

R-64538-61370-57168-62793-57382-02080-38146-52102

The first integer in the array is the page number of the next freelist trunk page in the list or zero if this is the last freelist trunk page. (source fileformat2.html)

R-64550-29191-54086-24811-00443-47986-21003-27772

Note that the result from casting any non-BLOB value into a BLOB and the result from casting any BLOB value into a non-BLOB value may be different depending on whether the database encoding is UTF-8, UTF-16be, or UTF-16le. (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)

R-64586-34038-50551-35162-29949-64214-50082-35974

On a checkpoint, the WAL is first flushed to persistent storage using the xSync method of the VFS. (source fileformat2.html)

R-64600-17320-28497-51655-11610-39748-50206-04089

The first ptrmap page will contain back pointer information for pages 3 through J+2, inclusive. (source fileformat2.html)

R-64601-24454-22641-31955-15642-29153-65084-11267

If X is a memory allocation previously obtained from sqlite3_malloc(), sqlite3_malloc64(), sqlite3_realloc(), or sqlite3_realloc64(), then sqlite3_msize(X) returns the size of that memory allocation in bytes. (source c3ref/free.html, checked-by: th3/req1/malloc02.test)

R-64625-44339-60095-18400-35169-15526-52031-11800

The 6th parameter to the authorizer callback is the name of the inner-most trigger or view that is responsible for the access attempt or NULL if this access attempt is directly from top-level SQL code. (source c3ref/c_alter_table.html)

R-64629-22390-19344-37404-07828-61811-57666-02667

Unused database file pages are added to a "freelist" and reused for subsequent inserts. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma07.test)

R-64629-41035-41356-60925-45960-54046-62030-03939

The sqlite3_trace() callback is invoked with a UTF-8 rendering of the SQL statement text as the statement first begins executing. (source c3ref/profile.html)

R-64634-29359-61184-64182-15828-53059-45249-47923

Note also that when adding a CHECK constraint, the CHECK constraint is not tested against preexisting rows of the table. (source lang_altertable.html, checked-by: th3/req1/altertable01.test)

R-64683-26790-55739-54963-15125-03962-54800-05749

The initial columns of the index must be used with the = or IN or IS NULL operators. (source optoverview.html)

R-64707-05329-18384-25236-31190-36839-36915-56468

The left-most character of X is number 1. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: th3/cov1/func02.test)

R-64727-38667-40496-57700-54437-61436-18506-15131

The legacy_file_format pragma is initialized to OFF when an existing database in the newer file format is first opened. (source pragma.html)

R-64770-29120-59115-58521-20051-37065-45923-19746

The rewritten term then might go on to constrain an index using the normal rules for IN operators. (source optoverview.html)

R-64781-29425-02417-13736-38225-42517-23683-29387

Some pragmas take effect during the SQL compilation stage, not the execution stage. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma06.test)

R-64809-29224-33309-48329-38874-47326-32566-40643

An SQL operation that is interrupted will return SQLITE_INTERRUPT. (source c3ref/interrupt.html)

R-64812-56077-47875-43117-23188-46780-09721-28568

If every subterm of an OR clause is separately indexable then the OR clause might be coded such that a separate index is used to evaluate each term of the OR clause. (source optoverview.html)

R-64813-58505-03479-11903-29047-19194-00816-28075

The WAL is always located in the same directory as the database file and has the same name as the database file but with the string "-wal" appended. (source fileformat2.html)

R-64828-59568-61067-60898-36143-56429-01681-45331

The table has the same number of columns as the rows returned by the SELECT statement. The name of each column is the same as the name of the corresponding column in the result set of the SELECT statement. (source lang_createtable.html, checked-by: tcl/e_createtable.test)

R-64839-61120-28231-56530-41272-62247-43805-43738

SQLite may attempt to convert values between the storage classes INTEGER, REAL, and/or TEXT before performing a comparison. (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_05.test)

R-64844-34873-54978-44161-37358-50690-61472-16160

When auto_vacuum is enabled for a database free pages may be reclaimed after deleting data, causing the file to shrink, without rebuilding the entire database using VACUUM. (source lang_vacuum.html, checked-by: tcl/e_vacuum.test)

R-64852-21591-48845-17571-26387-46542-15231-04527

The sqlite3_backup object is created by a call to sqlite3_backup_init() and is destroyed by a call to sqlite3_backup_finish(). (source c3ref/backup.html, checked-by: src/backup.c, th3/cov1/backup01.test)

R-64876-15663-33951-59728-40293-17011-49499-29219

When memory allocation statistics are disabled, the following SQLite interfaces become non-operational: sqlite3_memory_used() sqlite3_memory_highwater() sqlite3_soft_heap_limit64() sqlite3_status() (source c3ref/c_config_covering_index_scan.html)

R-64894-16593-62452-43919-42251-52509-45292-14622

Thus if the BETWEEN term is not used as an index constraint and instead must be used to test input rows, the expr1 expression is only evaluated once. (source optoverview.html)

R-64894-50321-17583-62706-45487-44187-46471-34655

The string "?000" is returned if the argument is NULL or contains no ASCII alphabetic characters. (source lang_corefunc.html, checked-by: src/func.c, th3/cov1/func07.test)

R-64895-14776-45323-12456-17492-01351-20079-09519

The truncate optimization can be permanently disabled for all queries by recompiling SQLite with the SQLITE_OMIT_TRUNCATE_OPTIMIZATION compile-time switch. (source lang_delete.html)

R-64942-06615-59529-33377-22531-50938-02982-04631

The LIMIT and ORDER BY clauses (described below) are unsupported for DELETE statements within triggers. (source lang_delete.html, checked-by: tcl/e_delete.test)

R-64962-58611-23755-17940-51440-03163-56069-63868

If the authorizer callback returns any value other than SQLITE_IGNORE, SQLITE_OK, or SQLITE_DENY then the sqlite3_prepare_v2() or equivalent call that triggered the authorizer will fail with an error message. (source c3ref/set_authorizer.html)

R-64967-62742-25252-37896-34522-17857-15899-52885

The WAL journaling mode is persistent; after being set it stays in effect across multiple database connections and after closing and reopening the database. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma24.test)

R-64973-09381-20072-06844-08666-32916-49559-16306

A pragma can take either zero or one argument. (source pragma.html, checked-by: th3/req1/pragma01.test)

R-65033-28449-21866-26015-44447-32158-58356-59086

The built-in BINARY collation compares strings byte by byte using the memcmp() function from the standard C library. (source fileformat2.html)

R-65058-57158-61886-52055-64360-05204-52569-52918

For example, adding an "ON UPDATE CASCADE" clause to the foreign key as shown below enhances the example schema from section 1 to allow the user to update the artistid (the parent key of the foreign key constraint) column without breaking referential integrity: -- Database schema CREATE TABLE artist( artistid INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, artistname TEXT ); CREATE TABLE track( trackid INTEGER, trackname TEXT, trackartist INTEGER REFERENCES artist(artistid) ON UPDATE CASCADE ); sqlite> SELECT * FROM artist; artistid artistname -------- ----------------- 1 Dean Martin 2 Frank Sinatra sqlite> SELECT * FROM track; trackid trackname trackartist ------- ----------------- ----------- 11 That's Amore 1 12 Christmas Blues 1 13 My Way 2 sqlite> -- Update the artistid column of the artist record for "Dean Martin". sqlite> -- Normally, this would raise a constraint, as it would orphan the two sqlite> -- dependent records in the track table. However, the ON UPDATE CASCADE clause sqlite> -- attached to the foreign key definition causes the update to "cascade" sqlite> -- to the child table, preventing the foreign key constraint violation. sqlite> UPDATE artist SET artistid = 100 WHERE artistname = 'Dean Martin'; sqlite> SELECT * FROM artist; artistid artistname -------- ----------------- 2 Frank Sinatra 100 Dean Martin sqlite> SELECT * FROM track; trackid trackname trackartist ------- ----------------- ----------- 11 That's Amore 100 12 Christmas Blues 100 13 My Way 2 (source foreignkeys.html, checked-by: tcl/e_fkey.test, th3/req1/foreignkeys17.test)

R-65068-25814-18099-09241-35748-05178-29106-53953

If the savepoint-name in a RELEASE command does not match any savepoint currently in the transaction stack, then no savepoints are released, the database is unchanged, and the RELEASE command returns an error. (source lang_savepoint.html)

R-65068-27207-32171-32439-07967-23118-62780-22376

Otherwise, if the ORDER BY expression is any other expression, it is evaluated and the returned value used to order the output rows. (source lang_select.html, checked-by: tcl/e_select.test)

R-65084-00602-21133-41951-43387-02500-18887-33247

sqlite3_shutdown() will invoke sqlite3_os_end(). (source c3ref/initialize.html)

R-65114-09470-57981-35509-40409-30231-64456-31746

The sqlite_stat4.sample column holds a BLOB in the record format that encodes the indexed columns followed by the rowid for a rowid table or by the columns of the primary key for a WITHOUT ROWID table. (source fileformat2.html)

R-65124-17715-29002-58648-01842-29148-18346-40549

The estimatedCost value is an estimate of the cost of a particular strategy. (source c3ref/index_info.html)

R-65146-56212-60469-62387-62260-49895-35748-55001

Each column in an SQLite 3 database is assigned one of the following type affinities: TEXT NUMERIC INTEGER REAL NONE (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_05.test)

R-65170-37686-46750-59741-09929-07769-53734-56917

Each prepared statement maintains various SQLITE_STMTSTATUS counters that measure the number of times it has performed specific operations. (source c3ref/stmt_status.html)

R-65202-52898-33993-02532-48537-41504-38391-02782

The sqlite3_wal_checkpoint(D,X) interface causes database named X on database connection D to be checkpointed. (source c3ref/wal_checkpoint.html)

R-65208-32173-60278-58139-17540-02050-42572-15892

The argument to sqlite3_mutex_alloc() is one of these integer constants: SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_OPEN SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PRNG SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_LRU SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PMEM SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP1 SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP2 (source c3ref/mutex_alloc.html)

R-65225-33184-21951-03841-30982-30051-31375-14694

xMutexInit() must not use SQLite memory allocation (sqlite3_malloc() and its associates). (source c3ref/mutex_methods.html)

R-65300-64550-00463-55023-40104-43666-12951-02448

An operand on a mathematical operator that does not look in any way numeric and is not NULL is converted to 0 or 0.0. (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_06.test)

R-65304-57881-32228-09146-30017-59454-39464-18055

CREATE TABLE t1( a TEXT, -- text affinity b NUMERIC, -- numeric affinity c BLOB, -- no affinity d -- no affinity ); -- Values will be stored as TEXT, INTEGER, TEXT, and INTEGER respectively INSERT INTO t1 VALUES('500', '500', '500', 500); SELECT typeof(a), typeof(b), typeof(c), typeof(d) FROM t1; text|integer|text|integer -- Because column "a" has text affinity, numeric values on the -- right-hand side of the comparisons are converted to text before -- the comparison occurs. SELECT a < 40, a < 60, a < 600 FROM t1; 0|1|1 -- Text affinity is applied to the right-hand operands but since -- they are already TEXT this is a no-op; no conversions occur. SELECT a < '40', a < '60', a < '600' FROM t1; 0|1|1 -- Column "b" has numeric affinity and so numeric affinity is applied -- to the operands on the right. Since the operands are already numeric, -- the application of affinity is a no-op; no conversions occur. All -- values are compared numerically. SELECT b < 40, b < 60, b < 600 FROM t1; 0|0|1 -- Numeric affinity is applied to operands on the right, converting them -- from text to integers. Then a numeric comparison occurs. SELECT b < '40', b < '60', b < '600' FROM t1; 0|0|1 -- No affinity conversions occur. Right-hand side values all have -- storage class INTEGER which are always less than the TEXT values -- on the left. SELECT c < 40, c < 60, c < 600 FROM t1; 0|0|0 -- No affinity conversions occur. Values are compared as TEXT. SELECT c < '40', c < '60', c < '600' FROM t1; 0|1|1 -- No affinity conversions occur. Right-hand side values all have -- storage class INTEGER which compare numerically with the INTEGER -- values on the left. SELECT d < 40, d < 60, d < 600 FROM t1; 0|0|1 -- No affinity conversions occur. INTEGER values on the left are -- always less than TEXT values on the right. SELECT d < '40', d < '60', d < '600' FROM t1; 1|1|1 (source datatype3.html, checked-by: th3/req1/datatype3_05.test)

R-65312-04917-64079-24281-62446-41326-63748-51040

If the parameter N to sqlite3_malloc() is zero or negative then sqlite3_malloc() returns a NULL pointer. (source c3ref/free.html, checked-by: th3/req1/malloc02.test)

R-65343-41028-54070-29515-00373-53952-30391-17078

SQLite will normally invoke xFetch() with a createFlag of 0 or 1. SQLite will only use a createFlag of 2 after a prior call with a createFlag of 1 failed. (source c3ref/pcache_methods2.html)

R-65347-63411-45850-56512-24851-44706-34523-61535

In other words, the WAL can fill up with frames and then be checkpointed and then new frames can overwrite the old ones. (source fileformat2.html)

R-65388-41786-00092-02077-09568-05356-17956-02801

The SQLITE_ prefix may be omitted from the option name passed to sqlite3_compileoption_used(). (source c3ref/compileoption_get.html)

R-65415-14215-28340-46015-14060-32761-36485-26152

The xCurrentTimeInt64() method returns, as an integer, the Julian Day Number multiplied by 86400000 (the number of milliseconds in a 24-hour day). (source c3ref/vfs.html, checked-by: th3/th3testvfs.c)

R-65428-21389-17979-34707-50338-54767-57809-35123

The return value of the xFileControl method becomes the return value of this routine. (source c3ref/file_control.html)

R-65438-26258-44776-08221-02933-16071-14773-52455

This function returns the total number of rows inserted, modified or deleted by all INSERT, UPDATE or DELETE statements completed since the database connection was opened, including those executed as part of trigger programs. (source c3ref/total_changes.html, checked-by: tcl/e_totalchanges.test)

R-65463-62993-22311-50014-58341-59872-02270-20667

Any database name qualifier that occurs prior to the name of the object being created is removed. (source fileformat2.html)

R-65497-44594-57165-36167-22063-03148-57647-08076

The flags parameter to sqlite3_open_v2() can take one of the following three values, optionally combined with the SQLITE_OPEN_NOMUTEX, SQLITE_OPEN_FULLMUTEX, SQLITE_OPEN_SHAREDCACHE, SQLITE_OPEN_PRIVATECACHE, and/or SQLITE_OPEN_URI flags: (source c3ref/open.html, checked-by: src/main.c)

R-65507-55649-05448-07822-60967-65270-42964-52514

The sqlite_stat1 is an internal table created by the ANALYZE command and used to hold supplemental information about tables and indexes that the query planner can use to help it find better ways of performing queries. (source fileformat2.html)

R-65513-62188-11104-24696-01287-42302-57386-34092


(source lang_altertable.html)

R-65524-61849-43329-61953-54493-09890-31645-08912

If an application-defined SQL function named "regexp" is added at run-time, then the "X REGEXP Y" operator will be implemented as a call to "regexp(Y,X)". (source lang_expr.html, checked-by: tcl/e_expr.test)