The term "WikiWiki_" ("wiki wiki" means "quick" in the Hawaiian language and
is pronounced "wickee wickee") can be used to identify either a
type of hypertext document or the software used to write it.
Often called "wiki" for short, the collaborative software application
enables web documents to be authored collectively using a simple markup
scheme and without the content being reviewed prior to its acceptance.
The resulting collaborative hypertext document, also called either "wiki"
or "WikiWikiWeb_," is typically produced by a community of users.
Many wikis (including this one) are easily identified by their use of
The original WikiWikiWeb_ was established in 1995 by Ward Cunningham,
who invented and named the Wiki concept and produced the first
implementation of a WikiWiki_ server. Ward's server is still online
at http://www.c2.com/cgi/wiki. Visit that server for additional
information. Or read a book Ward (and Bo Leuf) wrote on the concept:
The Wiki Way: Quick collaboration on the Web, Addison-Wesley,
Some people maintain that only Ward's wiki should be called "Wiki"
(upper case) or the "WikiWikiWeb_".
Note that wiki is sometimes (erroneously?) spelled wikki.