Small. Fast. Reliable.
Choose any three.

This information is obsolete. You are looking at the CVSTrac source management system display for SQLite that was replaced by Fossil on 2009-08-11. The information shown here has not been updated since that cut-over. These pages are retained for historical reference only.

Page History

Turn Off History

Rollup and Cube

Who can tell me what this means?

ROLLUP and CUBE are OLAP terms. See for example http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OLAP_cube


I don't know much about it myself, but a quick google on the subject gives me... http://www.winnetmag.com/SQLServer/Article/ArticleID/5104/5104.html and http://databases.about.com/library/weekly/aa070101a.htm

Both of these imply that the CUBE operator causes new rows to be generated to give a wildcard value to non-numeric columns and summing the numeric columns which match those wildcards. The potential for generating a huge amount of data with cube is implicit, I think - hence its name. ROLLUP appears to be related but removes some of the wildcards; I couldn't determine what from the limited information in the articles. I could not find, on brief examination any more definitive reference. Anyone got something more definitive than those articles? It seems to me that you can do with SUM everything you can do with CUBE.


CUBE and ROLLUP provide addition subtotal rows. Let's say you are doing a query

     SELECT x, y, SUM(z) FROM t GROUP BY x, y

Let's also say x and y each have two values. This query will give you the sums for all records with x1 y1, x1 y2, x2 y1, and x2 y2. ROLLUP and CUBE both provide addition subtotals. ROLLUP adds 3 new sums: for all x1, for all x2, and the grand total.

You can imagine that the GROUP BY list is being rolled up, so that it goes from being x, y; to being just x; to being empty. The result of the select for the column that is rolled up becomes NULL. CUBE will do all combinations of sums in the group by list: sum of all x1, all x2, all y1, all y2, and grand total. No idea what that has to do with a cube, though I do sort of picture a hyper-cube in my mind for no good reason.

If you ever add ROLLUP and CUBE, I also recommend adding the GROUPING() function so that you can filter out the additional computations you don't want, or do something like

     SELECT CASE WHEN GROUPING(name)
            THEN 'Total' ELSE name END,
            hours
     FROM timesheets
     GROUP BY name;

I've used the feature plenty doing reports, but then I'm a chronic SQL abuser.