/ Artifact Content
Login

Artifact c2bc173d0ca244134ab6bcf8ccd108ee787fb2e7925dbbae973e60fcc6c74851:


# 2010 April 13
#
# The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
# a legal notice, here is a blessing:
#
#    May you do good and not evil.
#    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
#    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
#
#***********************************************************************
# This file implements regression tests for SQLite library.  The
# focus of this file is testing the operation of the library in
# "PRAGMA journal_mode=WAL" mode with multiple threads.
#

set testdir [file dirname $argv0]

source $testdir/tester.tcl
source $testdir/lock_common.tcl
if {[run_thread_tests]==0} { finish_test ; return }
ifcapable !wal             { finish_test ; return }
if ![wal_is_ok] { finish_test; return }

set sqlite_walsummary_mmap_incr 64

# How long, in seconds, to run each test for. If a test is set to run for
# 0 seconds, it is omitted entirely.
#
unset -nocomplain seconds
set seconds(walthread-1) 20
set seconds(walthread-2) 20
set seconds(walthread-3) 20
set seconds(walthread-4) 20
set seconds(walthread-5) 1

# The parameter is the name of a variable in the callers context. The
# variable may or may not exist when this command is invoked.
#
# If the variable does exist, its value is returned. Otherwise, this
# command uses [vwait] to wait until it is set, then returns the value.
# In other words, this is a version of the [set VARNAME] command that
# blocks until a variable exists.
#
proc wait_for_var {varname} {
  if {0==[uplevel [list info exists $varname]]} {
    uplevel [list vwait $varname]
  }
  uplevel [list set $varname]
}

# The argument is the name of a list variable in the callers context. The 
# first element of the list is removed and returned. For example:
#
#   set L {a b c}
#   set x [lshift L]
#   assert { $x == "a" && $L == "b c" }
#
proc lshift {lvar} {
  upvar $lvar L
  set ret [lindex $L 0]
  set L [lrange $L 1 end]
  return $ret
}


#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
#   do_thread_test TESTNAME OPTIONS...
# 
# where OPTIONS are: 
#
#   -seconds   SECONDS                How many seconds to run the test for
#   -init      SCRIPT                 Script to run before test.
#   -thread    NAME COUNT SCRIPT      Scripts to run in threads (or processes).
#   -processes BOOLEAN                True to use processes instead of threads.
#   -check     SCRIPT                 Script to run after test.
#
proc do_thread_test {args} {

  set A $args

  set P(testname) [lshift A]
  set P(seconds) 5
  set P(init) ""
  set P(threads) [list]
  set P(processes) 0
  set P(check) {
    set ic [db eval "PRAGMA integrity_check"]
    if {$ic != "ok"} { error $ic }
  }

  unset -nocomplain ::done

  while {[llength $A]>0} {
    set a [lshift A]
    switch -glob -- $a {
      -seconds {
        set P(seconds) [lshift A]
      }

      -init {
        set P(init) [lshift A]
      }

      -processes {
        set P(processes) [lshift A]
      }

      -check {
        set P(check) [lshift A]
      }

      -thread {
        set name  [lshift A]
        set count [lshift A]
        set prg   [lshift A]
        lappend P(threads) [list $name $count $prg]
      }

      default {
        error "Unknown option: $a"
      }
    }
  }

  if {$P(seconds) == 0} {
    puts "Skipping $P(testname)"
    return
  }

  puts "Running $P(testname) for $P(seconds) seconds..."

  catch { db close }
  forcedelete test.db test.db-journal test.db-wal

  sqlite3 db test.db
  eval $P(init)
  catch { db close }

  foreach T $P(threads) {
    set name  [lindex $T 0]
    set count [lindex $T 1]
    set prg   [lindex $T 2]

    for {set i 1} {$i <= $count} {incr i} {
      set vars "
        set E(pid) $i
        set E(nthread) $count
        set E(seconds) $P(seconds)
      "
      set program [string map [list %TEST% $prg %VARS% $vars] {

        %VARS%

        proc usleep {ms} {
          set ::usleep 0
          after $ms {set ::usleep 1}
          vwait ::usleep
        }

        proc integrity_check {{db db}} {
          set ic [$db eval {PRAGMA integrity_check}]
          if {$ic != "ok"} {error $ic}
        }

        proc busyhandler {n} { usleep 10 ; return 0 }

        sqlite3 db test.db
        db busy busyhandler
        db eval { SELECT randomblob($E(pid)*5) }

        set ::finished 0
        after [expr $E(seconds) * 1000] {set ::finished 1}
        proc tt_continue {} { update ; expr ($::finished==0) }

        set rc [catch { %TEST% } msg]

        catch { db close }
        list $rc $msg
      }]

      if {$P(processes)==0} {
        sqlthread spawn ::done($name,$i) $program
      } else {
        testfixture_nb ::done($name,$i) $program
      }
    }
  }

  set report "  Results:"
  foreach T $P(threads) {
    set name  [lindex $T 0]
    set count [lindex $T 1]
    set prg   [lindex $T 2]

    set reslist [list]
    for {set i 1} {$i <= $count} {incr i} {
      set res [wait_for_var ::done($name,$i)]
      lappend reslist [lindex $res 1]
      do_test $P(testname).$name.$i [list lindex $res 0] 0
    }

    append report "   $name $reslist"
  }
  puts $report

  sqlite3 db test.db
  set res ""
  if {[catch $P(check) msg]} { set res $msg }
  do_test $P(testname).check [list set {} $res] ""
}

# A wrapper around [do_thread_test] which runs the specified test twice.
# Once using processes, once using threads. This command takes the same
# arguments as [do_thread_test], except specifying the -processes switch
# is illegal.
#
proc do_thread_test2 {args} {
  set name [lindex $args 0]
  if {[lsearch $args -processes]>=0} { error "bad option: -processes"}
  uplevel [lreplace $args 0 0 do_thread_test "$name-threads" -processes 0]
  uplevel [lreplace $args 0 0 do_thread_test "$name-processes" -processes 1]
}

#--------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Start 10 threads. Each thread performs both read and write 
# transactions. Each read transaction consists of:
#
#   1) Reading the md5sum of all but the last table row,
#   2) Running integrity check.
#   3) Reading the value stored in the last table row,
#   4) Check that the values read in steps 1 and 3 are the same, and that
#      the md5sum of all but the last table row has not changed.
#
# Each write transaction consists of:
#
#   1) Modifying the contents of t1 (inserting, updating, deleting rows).
#   2) Appending a new row to the table containing the md5sum() of all
#      rows in the table.
#
# Each of the N threads runs N read transactions followed by a single write
# transaction in a loop as fast as possible.
#
# There is also a single checkpointer thread. It runs the following loop:
#
#   1) Execute "PRAGMA wal_checkpoint"
#   2) Sleep for 500 ms.
#
do_thread_test2 walthread-1 -seconds $seconds(walthread-1) -init {
  execsql {
    PRAGMA journal_mode = WAL;
    CREATE TABLE t1(x PRIMARY KEY);
    PRAGMA lock_status;
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(randomblob(100));
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(randomblob(100));
    INSERT INTO t1 SELECT md5sum(x) FROM t1;
  }
} -thread main 10 {

  proc read_transaction {} {
    set results [db eval {
      BEGIN;
        PRAGMA integrity_check;
        SELECT md5sum(x) FROM t1 WHERE rowid != (SELECT max(rowid) FROM t1);
        SELECT x FROM t1 WHERE rowid = (SELECT max(rowid) FROM t1);
        SELECT md5sum(x) FROM t1 WHERE rowid != (SELECT max(rowid) FROM t1);
      COMMIT;
    }]

    if {[llength $results]!=4
     || [lindex $results 0] != "ok"
     || [lindex $results 1] != [lindex $results 2]
     || [lindex $results 2] != [lindex $results 3]
    } {
      error "Failed read transaction: $results"
    }
  }

  proc write_transaction {} {
    db eval {
      BEGIN;
        INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(randomblob(101 + $::E(pid)));
        INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(randomblob(101 + $::E(pid)));
        INSERT INTO t1 SELECT md5sum(x) FROM t1;
      COMMIT;
    }
  }

  # Turn off auto-checkpoint. Otherwise, an auto-checkpoint run by a
  # writer may cause the dedicated checkpoint thread to return an
  # SQLITE_BUSY error.
  #
  db eval { PRAGMA wal_autocheckpoint = 0 }

  set nRun 0
  while {[tt_continue]} {
    read_transaction
    write_transaction 
    incr nRun
  }
  set nRun

} -thread ckpt 1 {
  set nRun 0
  while {[tt_continue]} {
    db eval "PRAGMA wal_checkpoint"
    usleep 500
    incr nRun
  }
  set nRun
}

#--------------------------------------------------------------------------
# This test has clients run the following procedure as fast as possible
# in a loop:
#
#   1. Open a database handle.
#   2. Execute a read-only transaction on the db.
#   3. Do "PRAGMA journal_mode = XXX", where XXX is one of WAL or DELETE.
#      Ignore any SQLITE_BUSY error.
#   4. Execute a write transaction to insert a row into the db.
#   5. Run "PRAGMA integrity_check"
#
# At present, there are 4 clients in total. 2 do "journal_mode = WAL", and
# two do "journal_mode = DELETE".
#
# Each client returns a string of the form "W w, R r", where W is the 
# number of write-transactions performed using a WAL journal, and D is
# the number of write-transactions performed using a rollback journal.
# For example, "192 w, 185 r".
#
if {[atomic_batch_write test.db]==0} {
  do_thread_test2 walthread-2 -seconds $seconds(walthread-2) -init {
    execsql { CREATE TABLE t1(x INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, y UNIQUE) }
  } -thread RB 2 {

    db close
    set nRun 0
    set nDel 0
    while {[tt_continue]} {
      sqlite3 db test.db
      db busy busyhandler
      db eval { SELECT * FROM sqlite_master }
      catch { db eval { PRAGMA journal_mode = DELETE } }
      db eval {
        BEGIN;
        INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(NULL, randomblob(100+$E(pid)));
      }
      incr nRun 1
      incr nDel [file exists test.db-journal]
      if {[file exists test.db-journal] + [file exists test.db-wal] != 1} {
        error "File-system looks bad..."
      }
      db eval COMMIT
  
      integrity_check
      db close
    }
    list $nRun $nDel
    set {} "[expr $nRun-$nDel] w, $nDel r"
  
  } -thread WAL 2 {
    db close
    set nRun 0
    set nDel 0
    while {[tt_continue]} {
      sqlite3 db test.db
      db busy busyhandler
      db eval { SELECT * FROM sqlite_master }
      catch { db eval { PRAGMA journal_mode = WAL } }
      db eval {
        BEGIN;
        INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(NULL, randomblob(110+$E(pid)));
      }
      incr nRun 1
      incr nDel [file exists test.db-journal]
      if {[file exists test.db-journal] + [file exists test.db-wal] != 1} {
        error "File-system looks bad..."
      }
      db eval COMMIT
  
      integrity_check
      db close
    }
    set {} "[expr $nRun-$nDel] w, $nDel r"
  }
}

do_thread_test walthread-3 -seconds $seconds(walthread-3) -init {
  execsql {
    PRAGMA journal_mode = WAL;
    CREATE TABLE t1(cnt PRIMARY KEY, sum1, sum2);
    CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(sum1);
    CREATE INDEX i2 ON t1(sum2);
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(0, 0, 0);
  }
} -thread t 10 {

  set nextwrite $E(pid)

  proc wal_hook {zDb nEntry} {
    if {$nEntry>10} { 
      set rc [catch { db eval {PRAGMA wal_checkpoint} } msg]
      if {$rc && $msg != "database is locked"} { error $msg }
    }
    return 0
  }
  db wal_hook wal_hook

  while {[tt_continue]} {
    set max 0
    while { $max != ($nextwrite-1) && [tt_continue] } {
      set max [db eval { SELECT max(cnt) FROM t1 }]
    }

    if {[tt_continue]} {
      set sum1 [db eval { SELECT sum(cnt) FROM t1 }]
      set sum2 [db eval { SELECT sum(sum1) FROM t1 }]
      db eval { INSERT INTO t1 VALUES($nextwrite, $sum1, $sum2) }
      incr nextwrite $E(nthread)
      integrity_check
    }
  }

  set {} ok
} -check {
  puts "  Final db contains [db eval {SELECT count(*) FROM t1}] rows"
  puts "  Final integrity-check says: [db eval {PRAGMA integrity_check}]"

  # Check that the contents of the database are Ok.
  set c 0
  set s1 0
  set s2 0
  db eval { SELECT cnt, sum1, sum2 FROM t1 ORDER BY cnt } {
    if {$c != $cnt || $s1 != $sum1 || $s2 != $sum2} {
      error "database content is invalid"
    }
    incr s2 $s1
    incr s1 $c
    incr c 1
  }
}

do_thread_test2 walthread-4 -seconds $seconds(walthread-4) -init {
  execsql {
    PRAGMA journal_mode = WAL;
    CREATE TABLE t1(a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, b UNIQUE);
  }
} -thread r 1 {
  # This connection only ever reads the database. Therefore the 
  # busy-handler is not required. Disable it to check that this is true.
  #
  # UPDATE: That is no longer entirely true - as we don't use a blocking
  # lock to enter RECOVER state. Which means there is a small chance a
  # reader can see an SQLITE_BUSY.
  #
  while {[tt_continue]} {
    integrity_check
  }
  set {} ok
} -thread w 1 {

  proc wal_hook {zDb nEntry} {
    if {$nEntry>15} {db eval {PRAGMA wal_checkpoint}}
    return 0
  }
  db wal_hook wal_hook
  set row 1
  while {[tt_continue]} {
    db eval { REPLACE INTO t1 VALUES($row, randomblob(300)) }
    incr row
    if {$row == 10} { set row 1 }
  }

  set {} ok
}


# This test case attempts to provoke a deadlock condition that existed in
# the unix VFS at one point. The problem occurred only while recovering a 
# very large wal file (one that requires a wal-index larger than the 
# initial default allocation of 64KB).
#
do_thread_test walthread-5 -seconds $seconds(walthread-5) -init {

  proc log_file_size {nFrame pgsz} {
    expr {12 + ($pgsz+16)*$nFrame}
  }

  execsql {
    PRAGMA page_size = 1024;
    PRAGMA journal_mode = WAL;
    CREATE TABLE t1(x);
    BEGIN;
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(randomblob(900));
      INSERT INTO t1 SELECT randomblob(900) FROM t1;      /*     2 */
      INSERT INTO t1 SELECT randomblob(900) FROM t1;      /*     4 */
      INSERT INTO t1 SELECT randomblob(900) FROM t1;      /*     8 */
      INSERT INTO t1 SELECT randomblob(900) FROM t1;      /*    16 */
      INSERT INTO t1 SELECT randomblob(900) FROM t1;      /*    32 */
      INSERT INTO t1 SELECT randomblob(900) FROM t1;      /*    64 */
      INSERT INTO t1 SELECT randomblob(900) FROM t1;      /*   128 */
      INSERT INTO t1 SELECT randomblob(900) FROM t1;      /*   256 */
      INSERT INTO t1 SELECT randomblob(900) FROM t1;      /*   512 */
      INSERT INTO t1 SELECT randomblob(900) FROM t1;      /*  1024 */
      INSERT INTO t1 SELECT randomblob(900) FROM t1;      /*  2048 */
      INSERT INTO t1 SELECT randomblob(900) FROM t1;      /*  4096 */
      INSERT INTO t1 SELECT randomblob(900) FROM t1;      /*  8192 */
      INSERT INTO t1 SELECT randomblob(900) FROM t1;      /* 16384 */
      INSERT INTO t1 SELECT randomblob(900) FROM t1;      /* 32768 */
      INSERT INTO t1 SELECT randomblob(900) FROM t1;      /* 65536 */
    COMMIT;
  }

  forcecopy test.db-wal bak.db-wal
  forcecopy test.db bak.db
  db close

  forcecopy bak.db-wal test.db-wal
  forcecopy bak.db test.db

  if {[file size test.db-wal] < [log_file_size [expr 64*1024] 1024]} {
    error "Somehow failed to create a large log file"
  }
  puts "Database with large log file recovered. Now running clients..."
} -thread T 5 {
  db eval { SELECT count(*) FROM t1 }
}
unset -nocomplain seconds

finish_test